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What is India? Know the answer from the world renowned intellectual giants

Compiled by

Salil Gewali

Academic Publications Shillong


Publisher Salil Gewali Academic Publications Shillong-793002 Meghalaya, INDIA Email: sgewali@gmail.com Phone: (91) 9863028358, 9774140451

All rights reserved with compiler


Thus speak the great scholars on India

N

o

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All quotes reflected in the book are the original quotes of the respective scholars taken from the credible sources.


(1888-1965), Great American poet, philosopher, critic, received Nobel Prize for literature in 1948

T. S. Eliot Indian philosophers’ subtleties make most of the great European philosophers look like schoolboys.

* Two years spent in the study of Sanskrit under Charles Lanman, and a year in the mazes of Patanjali's metaphysics under the guidance of James Woods, left me in a state of enlightened mystification. source: After Strange Gods, TS Eliot He learnt Sanskrit and was well versed in Vedas,

1

Upanishad, Bhagavad Gita and Yogasutra. He became more powerful writer after having plunged into the Indian philosophies.


(1879-1955), greatest

One

of

the

scientists,

philosophers, received Nobel Prize in Physics.

Albert Einstein We owe a lot to Indians who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made. .

2

source: http://www.hindu.com/mp/2004/08/16/stories/ 2004081602620400.htm


(1901-76), One of the greatest physicists, cofounder of Quantum Physics, received Nobel Prize

Werner Heisenberg After the conversations about Indian philosophy, some of the ideas of Quantum Physics that had seemed so crazy suddenly made much more sense. source: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Werner_Heisenberg

3


(1904-1967), One of the world’s greatest physicists, known as ‘the father of the Atomic bomb’. His achievements include the Born–Oppenheimer a p p r o x i m a t i o n , electron–positron theory, the Oppenheimer–Phillips process, and a first prediction of quantum tunneling.

Julius R. Oppenheimer What we shall find in Modern Physics is an exemplification, an encouragement and a refinement of old Hindu wisdom. source: The Tao of Physics by Fritjof Capra

*

Access to the Vedas is the greatest privilege this century may claim over all previous centuries. source: India as a Creative Civilization - by N. S. Rajaram

* The juxtaposition of Western civilization’s most terrifying scientific achievement with the most dazzling description of the mystical experience given to us by the Bhagavad Gita, India’s greatest literary monument. source: The Eye of Shiva: Eastern Mysticism And Science - by Amaury de Riencourt

While witnessing the first Atomic bomb explosion at the Trinity Test in New Mexico on July 16, 1945 he emotionally exclaimed two couplets from the Bhagavad Gita: 'If the radiance of a thousand suns were to burst at once into the sky, that would be like the splendor of the mighty one...' ‘Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.’

4


(1887-1961), One of the greatest physicists of 20th century, awarded Nobel Prize for his invention of Wave Mechanics, his Schrödinger equation has been regarded as the most important achievement of the twentieth century

Erwin Schrodinger Some blood transfusion from the East to the West is must to save Western science from spiritual anaemia. source: http://canalhypatia-pensamientosciencia.blogspot.com/2009/03/fritjof-capra.html

*

In all world there is no kind of framework within which we can find consciousness in the plural; this is simply something we construct because of the temporal plurality of individuals, but it is a false construction.... The only solution to this conflict in so far as any is available

to us at all lies in the ancient wisdom of the Upanishad. source: My View of the World - by Erwin Schroedinger.

5

Schrodinger was deeply influenced by the philosophical wisdom of the East. He was particularly fascinated by Vedanta and Upanishads. He also wrote about ‘The Basic view of Vedanta’ by expounding Sankara's version of advaita and non-dualism.


(1694-1778), One of the greatest French writers and philosophers

Francois M. Voltaire I am convinced that everything has come down to us from the banks of the Ganga — Astronomy, Astrology, Metempsychosis, etc. It is very important to note that some 2,500 years ago at the least Pythagoras went from Samos to the Ganga to learn Geometry...But he would certainly not have undertaken such a strange journey had the reputation of the Brahmins’ science not been long established in Europe... source: The Invasion That Never Was - by Michel Danino and Sujata Nahar

* The Veda was the most precious gift for which the West had ever been indebted to the East. source: Empire of the Soul: Some Journeys into India - by Paul Williams Robert

6


(1835-1910), Most celebrated American humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer

Mark Twain India is the land of religions, cradle of human race, birthplace of human speech, grandmother of legend, great grandmother of tradition. The land that all men desire to see and having seen once even by a glimpse, would not give that glimpse for the shows of the rest of the globe combined. Source: Banaras: City of Light - by Diana L. Eck

* Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India. source: Hinduism - by Linda Johnsen

7


(1889-1964), The first Prime Minister of India and writer

Jawaharlal Nehru I am proud of this noble heritage which was and still is ours, and I am aware that I too, like all of us, am a link in that uninterrupted chain which finds its origin in the dawn of history, in India's immemorial past.

* The Bhagavad-Gita deals essentially with the spiritual foundation of human existence. It is a call of action to meet the obligations and duties of life; yet keeping in view the spiritual nature and grander purpose of the universe. source: The India I Love - by Marie-Simone Renou

8


(1803-1882), Great American author, essayist, lecturer, Unitarian Minister

Ralph Waldo Emerson The Vedas haunt me. In them I have found eternal compensation, unfathomable power, unbroken peace. source: The Commemorative Sanskrit Souvenir 2003, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan

*

I owed a magnificent day to the Bhagavad Gita. It was as if an empire spoke to us, nothing small or unworthy, but large, serene, consistent, the voice of an old intelligence which in another age and climate had pondered and thus disposed of the same questions which exercise us. source: The complete idiot's guide to Hinduism - by Linda Johnsen

*

All science is transcendental or else passes away. Botany is now acquiring the right theory - the avatars of Brahman will presently be the text-books of natural history. source: Autobiography of a Yogi - by Paramhansa Yogananda A great writer Thomas Carlyle to Emerson :"This (Bhagavad Gita) is a most inspiring book; it has brought comfort and consolation in my life---I hope it will do the same to you. Read it."

9


(1931-1981), Wife of King Paul of Greece and research scholar of Advanced physics

Queen Fredricka You Indians are fortunate to inherit such knowledge. I envy you. While Greece is the country of my birth, India is the country of my soul. source: source: A Newsletter of the Kanchi Kamakoti Center of California and From the new physics to Hinduism

*

It was my advanced research in physics that had started me on a spiritual quest. It culminated in me accepting the non-dualism or absolute monism of Shankara as my philosophy of life and Science. source: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Hinduism

10


(1788-1860), One of the greatest German philosophers and writers whose works later influenced great minds like Friedrich Nietzsche, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Erwin Schrรถdinger, Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Otto Rank, Carl Jung etc.

Arthur Schopenhauer In the whole world there is no study so beneficial and so elevating as that of the Upanishads. It has been the solace of my life; and it will be the solace of my death. They are the product of the highest wisdom. source: The Discovery of India by Jawaharlal Nehru

* How entirely does the Upanishad breathe throughout the holy spirit of the Vedas! How is every one, who by a diligent study of its Persian Latin has become familiar with that incomparable book, stirred by that spirit to the very depth of his Soul! source: Autobiography of a Yogi by Paramhansa Yogananda

11


(1911-2008), Eminent American physicist, the first to involved in the theoretical development of the Atomic bomb and first to coin the ‘Black Hole’ who later occupies the chair that was held by Albert Einstein

John Archibald Wheeler One has the feeling that the thinkers of the East knew it all, and if we could only translate their answers into our language we would have the answers to all our questions. source: Uncommon Wisdom by Fritjof Capra

* It is curious that people like Schrodinger, Niels Bohr, Oppenheimer are Upanishad scholars. source: Indian Conquests of the Mind by Saibal Gupta

* I like to think that someone will trace how the deepest thinking of India made its way to Greece and from there to the philosophy of our times. source: Indian Conquests of the Mind by Saibal Gupta

12


(1736-93), Great French astronomer and politician, noted for his computation of an orbit for Halley’s Comet

Jean-Sylvain Bailly The Hindu systems of astronomy are by far the oldest and that from which the Egyptians, Greek, Romans and - even the Jews derived from the Hindus their knowledge. source: The Politics of History - by N. S. Rajaram

* The motion of the stars calculated by the Hindus before some 4500 years vary not even a single minute from the modern tables of Cassini and Meyer. source: The Politics of History - by N. S. Rajaram

13


(1770-1831), One of the greatest German philosopher, and writers, his historicist and idealist account of the total reality as a whole revolutionized European philosophy

Friedrich Hegel India is the land of dreams. India had always dreamt more of the Bliss that is man's final goal. And this has helped India to be more creative in history than any other nation. Hence the effervescence of myths and legends, religious and philosophies, music, and dances and the different styles of architecture. source: A Survey of Hinduism - by Klaus K. Klostermaier

*

It strikes everyone in beginning to form an acquaintance with the treasures of Indian literature, that a land so rich in intellectual products and those of the profoundest order of thought. source: The Soul of India - by Amaury de Riencourt

14


(1772-1829), German writer, critic, philosopher, philologist, the most prominent founder of German Romanticism

Frederich von Schlegel There is no language in the world, even Greek, which has the clarity and the philosophical precision of Sanskrit, and this great India is not only at the origin of everything, She is superior in everything, intellectually, religiously or politically and even the Greek heritage seems pale in comparison. (source: Arise, O India - by Francois Gautier

*

The ancient Indians possessed a knowledge of the true God, conceived and expressed in noble, clear and grand language‌Even the loftiest philosophy of the Europeans, the idealization of reason, as set forth by the Greeks, appears in comparison with the abundant light and vigor of oriental idealism, like a feeble spark in the full flood of the noonday sun. source: Hinduism Invades America - by Wendell Thomas

15


(1856-1939), Most eminent poet, dramatist, essayist of 20th Century, received Nobel Prize for literature. He also cotranslated ‘The Ten Principal

Upanishads’

William Butler Yeats

It was only my first meeting with the Indian philosophy that confirmed my vague speculations and seemed at once logical and boundless. source: India and World Civilization - by D. P. Singhal

16


(1887-1961), One of the greatest physicists of 20th century, awarded Nobel Prize for his invention of Wave Mechanics, his SchrĂśdinger equation has been regarded as the most important achievement of the twentieth century

Erwin Schroedinger Nirvana is a state of pure blissful knowledge. It has nothing to do with individual. The ego or its separation is an illusion. The goal of man is to preserve his Karma and to develop it further – when man dies his karma lives and creates for itself another carrier. source: What is life? the physical aspect of the living cell & Mind and matter - by Erwin Schrodinger

*

The multiplicity is only apparent. This is the doctrine of the Upanishads. And not of the Upanishads only. The mystical experience of the union with God regularly leads to this view, unless strong prejudices stand in the West. source: The Eye of Shiva: Eastern Mysticism and Science - by Amaury de Riencourt In his scientific exploration of Quantum Mechanics, the Upanishad became Schroedinger's

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core source of knowledge and guidance. His world acclaimed book, 'What is Life' stands testimony to that. And this very book later was also credited by the Molecular biologist Dr. Francis Crick for his key insight that paved way for his revolutionary discovery of DNA code.


(1823-1900), Famous German philosopher, writer and philologist, his special areas of interest were Sanskrit philology and the religions of India and translated major spiritual books

Prof F. Max Muller The conception of the world as deduced from the Veda, and chiefly from the Upanishads, is indeed astounding. source: The Six Systems of Indian Philosophy - by Max Muller

*

What distinguishes the Vedanta philosophy from all other philosophies is that it is at the same time a religion and a philosophy. source: Three Lectures on the Vedanta Philosophy -by Max Muller

*

The earliest of these Upanishads will always maintain a place in the philosophic literature of the world among the most astounding products of the human mind. source: Hinduism Invades America - by Wendell Thomas

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(1885-1962), Danish nuclear physicist who developed the ‘Bohr model of the atom’. He received Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922 for his theory of Atomic structure

Niels Bohr I go into the Upanishads to ask questions. source: Indian Conquests of the Mind - by Saibal Gupta

19


(1770-1831), One of the greatest German philosophers, and writers, his historicist and idealist account of the total reality as a whole revolutionized European philosophy

Friedrich Hegel India has created a special momentum in world history as a country to be searched for. source: A Survey of Hinduism - by Klaus K. Klostermaier

* Without being known too well, it has existed for millennia in the imagination of the Europeans as a wonderland. Its fame, which it has always had with regard to its treasures, both its natural ones, and in particular, its wisdom, has lured men there. source: India and Europe - by Wilhelm Halbfass

20


(1915-1973), Eminent English philosopher and one of the widely read prolific writers of the 20th Century

Alan Watts It is, indeed, a remarkable circumstance that when Western civilization discovers ‘Relativity Theory’ it applies it to the manufacture of atom-bombs, whereas Oriental civilization applies it to the development of new states of consciousness. source: The Legacy of Asia and Western Man - by Alan Watts

* To the philosophers of India, however, ‘Theory of Relativity’ is no new discovery, just as the concept of light years is no matter for astonishment to people used to thinking of time in millions of kalpas, (one kalpa is about 4,320,000 years). source: Spiritual Practices of India - by Frederic Spiegelberg

21


(1939- ), Noted American theoretical physicist and the author of a number of popular works on Quantum physics and consciousness

Jack Sarfatti I suspect that general Relativity and Quantum theory are two complimentary aspects of a deeper theory that will involve a kind of cosmic consciousness. The cosmic consciousness or the Mahat of India's Samkhya Philosophy is the basis of entire creation. source: Science and Vedanta - by H M Ganesh Rao

22


(1861-1947), Great British philosopher, mathematician, best known for his work in mathematical logic and the philosophy. He co-authored the epochal ‘Principia Mathematica’ with Bertrand Russell

Alfred North Whitehead

Vedanta is the most impressive metaphysics the human mind has conceived. source: Essays on World Religion - by Huston Smith

23


(1939and

),

Eminent

systems

founding

physicist

theorist,

director

of

a

the

Center for Ecoliteracy, USA

Fritjof Capra The two foundations of twentieth-century physics Quantum theory and Relativity theory - both force us to see the world very much in the way a Hindu, Buddhist...sees it. source: The Tao of Physics: An Exploration of the Parallels Between Modern Physics and Eastern Mysticism - by Fritjof Capra

*

The scale of this ancient myth is indeed staggering; it has taken the human mind more than two thousand years to come up again with a similar concept. source: The Tao of Physics: An Exploration of the Parallels Between Modern Physics and Eastern Mysticism - by Fritjof Capra

24


(1866-1946), Eminent prolific English writer and philosopher

H. G. Wells The history of India for many centuries had been happier, less fierce, and more dreamlike than any other history. In these favorable conditions, they built a character - meditative and peaceful and __a nation of philosophers such as could nowhere have existed except in India. source: The Outline of History - by H. G. Wells

* In Hinduism, tolerance is not simply a matter of policy but an article of faith. source: Am I a Hindu? - by Ed Viswanathan

25


(1877-1962), Much acclaimed German

poet

awarded

and

Nobel

novelist, Prize

for

literature in 1946

Herman Hesse India is not only a country and something geographical, but the home and the youth of the soul, the everywhere and nowhere, the oneness of all times. source: India and World Civilization - by D. P. Singhal

* The marvel of the Gita is its truly beautiful revelation of life’s wisdom which enables philosophy to blossom into religion. source: India and World Civilization - by D. P. Singhal

26


(1817-1862), Greatest American philosopher, writer, social critic, transcendentalist

Henry David Thoreau Besides the Bhagvad Gita, our Shakespeare seems sometimes youthfully green... Ex oriente lux may still be the motto of scholars, for the Western world has not yet derived from the East all the light it is destined to derive thence. source: The Writings of Henry D. Thoreau - Walden

* One sentence of Vedas is worth the State of Massachusetts many times over. source: The Journal of Henry D. Thoreau

27


(1850-1919), Most endearing American poetess and journalist

Ella Wheeler Wilcox India - the land of Vedas, the remarkable works contains not only religious ideas for a perfect life, but also facts which science has proved true. Electricity, radium, electronics, airship, all are known to the seers who founded the Vedas. source: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/India

28


(1749-1832), Greatest poet, dramatist, philosopher of Germany, often regarded as Father of German literature

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe When first time I came upon SAKUNTALA ___ it aroused such enthusiasm in me and so held me that I could not stop studying it. I even felt impelled to make the impossible attempt to bring it in some form to the German stage. These efforts were fruitless but they made me so thoroughly acquainted with this most valuable work, it represented such an epoch in my life, I so absorbed it, that for thirty years I did not look at either the English or the German version....It is only now that I understand the enormous impression that work made on me at an earlier age. source: Letter from Goethe to de Chanzy, a French scholar - by Marianne Von Herzfeld ‘Sakuntala’ is Sanskrit drama by Kalidas,

29


(1894-1963),

Noted

English novelist,

critic

and philosopher

Aldous Huxley The Bhagavad-Gita is the most systematic statement of spiritual evolution of endowing value to mankind. The Gita is one of the clearest and most comprehensive summaries of the spiritual thoughts ever to have been made. source: Philosophy of Hinduism - An Introduction - by T. C. Galav

The Perennial Philosophy is expressed most succinctly in the Sanskrit formula, tat tvam asi ('That art thou'); the Atman, or immanent eternal Self, is one with Brahman, the Absolute Principle of all existence; and the last end of every human being, is to discover the fact for himself, to find out who he really is. source: The Complete Idiot's Guide to Hinduism - by Linda Johnsen

30


(1901 -1986) Nancy Wilson Ross, great scholar, has written several books

Nancy Wilson Ross The Indians, whose theory of time, is not linear like ours – that is, not proceeding consecutively from past to present to future – have always been able to accept, seemingly without anxiety, the notion of an alternately expanding and contracting universe, an idea recently advanced by certain Western scientists. In Hindu cosmology, immutable Brahman, at fixed intervals, draws back into his beginningless, endless Being the whole substance of the living world. There then takes place the long “sleep” of Brahaman from which, in course of countless aeons, there is an awakening, and another universe or “dream” emerges. This notion of the sleeping and waking, or contracting and expanding, of the Life Force, so long a part of Hindu cosmology, has recently been expressed in relevant terms in an article written for a British scientific journal by Professor Fred Hoyle, Britain’s foremost astronomer. source: Three Ways of Asian Wisdom – by Nancy Wilson Ross

31


(1934-1996), Most famous modern astrophysicist, and prolific writer, authored several science books

Dr. Carl Sagan The Hindu religion is the only one of the world's great faith dedicated to the idea that the cosmos itself undergoes an immense, indeed an infinite number of deaths and rebirths. It is the only religion in which the time scales correspond to those of modern scientific cosmology. Its cycles run from our ordinary day and night to a day and night of Brahma, 8.64 billion years long, longer than the age of the Earth or the sun and about half the time since the Big Bang. source: Cosmos by Dr Carl Sagan, Random House, New York

32


(1859-1925), British statesman, Viceroy of India From 1899 to 1905, and later became chancellor of ‘ Oxford University ’

Lord Curzon India has left a deeper mark upon the history, the philosophy, and the religion of mankind, than any other terrestrial unit in the universe. source: India in Bondage: Her Right to Freedom - by Jabez T. Sunderland

* Powerful Empires existed and flourished here in India while Englishmen were still wandering painted in the woods, and while the British Colonies were a wilderness and a jungle. source: India in Bondage: Her Right to Freedom - by Jabez T. Sunderland

33


(1947- ), Very eminent French historian of mathematics, his most famous book was ‘The Universal History of Numbers’

Georges Ifrah It is clear how much we owe to this brilliant civilization, and not only in the field of arithmetic; by opening the way to the generalization of the concept of the number, the Indian scholars enabled the rapid development of mathematics and exact sciences. The discoveries of these men doubtless required much time and imagination, and above all a great ability for abstract thinking. These major discoveries took place within an environment which was at once mystical, philosophical, religious, cosmological, mythological and metaphysical. source: The Universal History of Numbers - by Georges Ifrah

34


(1866-1944), Great French writer, dramatist, critic, historian, Nobel laureate

Romain Rolland Religious faith in the case of the Hinduism has never been allowed to run counter to scientific laws, moreover the former is never made a condition for the knowledge they teach, but there are always scrupulously careful to take into consideration the possibility that by reason both the agnostic and atheist may attain truth in their own way. source: Vivekananda, by Romain Rolland

35


(1797-1856), Great German romantic poet, essayist and journalist

Henrich Heine The Portuguese, Dutch and English have been for a long time year after year, shipping home the treasures of India in their big vessels. We Germans have been all along been left to watch it. Germany would do likewise, but hers would be treasures of spiritual knowledge. source: India and World Civilization - by D. P. Singhal

36


(1823-1900), Famous German philosopher, writer and philologist

Prof F. Max Muller If I were asked under what sky the human mind has most fully developed some of its choicest gifts, has most deeply pondered over the greatest problems of life, and has found solutions of some of them which well deserve the attention even of those who have studied Plato and Kant, I should point to India. And if I were to ask myself from what literature we who have been nurtured almost exclusively on the thoughts of Greeks and Romans, and of the Semitic race, the Jewish, may draw the corrective which is most wanted in order to make our inner life more perfect, more comprehensive, more universal, in fact more truly human a life...again I should point to India. source: The World's Religions - by Huston Smith

37


(1862-1949), Great Belgian writer and Nobel laureate

Count Maurice Maeterlinck Have we not here the whole of Darwinian evolution confirmed by geology and foreseen at least 6,000 years ago? On the other hand, is this not the theory of Akasa which we more clumsily call the ether, the sole source of all substances, to which our science is returning? Is it true that the recent theories of Einstein deny ether, supposing that radiant energy - visible light, for example - is propagated independently through a space that is an absolute void. But the scientific ether is not precisely the Hindu Akasa which is much more subtle and immaterial being a sort of spiritual element or divine energy, space uncreated, imperishable, and infinite. source: Ancient Indian Education - by Radha Kumud Mookerji

38


(1744-1803), Great German philosopher, poet and critic

Johann Gottfried Herder I cannot easily find a product of human mind more pleasant than Sakuntala...a real blossom of the Orient, and the first, most beautiful of its kind! ....Something like that, of course appears once every two thousand years. source: India and World Civilization - by D. P. Singhal

*

O holy land -India, I salute thee, thou source of all music, thou voice of the heart and ‘Behold the East - cradle of the human race, of human emotion, of all religion.’ source: Oriental Enlightenment: The encounter between Asian and Western thought - by J. J. Clarke

39


Professor at Oxford, awardwinning television writer, producer, journalist, critic and novelist

Paul William Roberts The Vedas see the ultimate Truth behind all ephemeral truths. The Creation leads us to the Creator, to the highest knowledge, which is integrated into one.

*

The Vedas still represent eternal truth in the purest form ever written. And they are what drew me to India in the first place, what kept me there, and what draws me back still.

* India is the only country that feels like home to me, the only country whose airport tarmac I have ever kissed upon landing. source: Empire of the Soul: Some Journeys in India - by Paul William Roberts

40


(1803-1882), One of the greatest American authors, essayist,

lecturer,

Unitarian Minister,

Ralph Waldo Emerson The Indian teaching, through its clouds of legends, has yet a simple and grand religion, like a queenly countenance seen through a rich veil. It teaches to speak truth, love others, and to dispose trifles. The East is grand - and makes Europe appear the land of trifles. ...all is soul and the soul is the Almighty. source: India in the American Mind - by B. G. Gokhale

* Nature makes a Brahmin of me presently. The transmigration of souls is no fable.... source: Hindu Scriptures and American Transcendentalists - by Umesh Patri

41


(1935- ), BBC correspondent in India for many years, authored many books

Mark Tully

But I do profoundly believe that India needs to be able to say with pride, ‘Yes, our civilization has a Hindu base to it.’ A Hindu cure for the colonial hangover - by Mark Tully

42


(1749-1827), French greatest mathematician, philosopher and astronomer, contemporary of Napoleon, best known for his Nebular Hypothesis of the origin of the Solar System

Pierre Simon de Laplace It is India that gave us the ingenious method of expressing all numbers by ten symbols, each receiving a value of position as well as an absolute value, a profound and important idea which appears so simple to us now that we ignore its true merit. But its very simplicity, the great ease which it has lent to all computations, puts our arithmetic in the first rank of useful inventions, and we shall appreciate the grandeur of this achievement the more when we remember that it escaped the genius of Archimedes and Appollnius, two of the greatest men produced by antiquity. source: The Discovery of India - by Jawaharlal Nehru

43


(1889-1975), Eminent British historian. His massive reseaerch was published in 12 volumes between 1934 and 1961 titled as `A Study of History'.

Dr. Arnold Joseph Toynbee At this supremely dangerous moment in human history , the only way of salvation is the ancient Hindu way. Here we have the attitude and spirit that can make it possible for the human race to grow together into a single family. source: Concordant Discord - by R. C. Zaehner

*

So now we turn to India. Her spiritual gift, that makes a man human, is still alive in Indian souls. Go on giving the world Indian examples of it. Nothing else can do so much to help mankind to save itself from destruction. source: Greater India - by Arun Bhattacharjee

44


(1798 -1874), Jules Michelet Great French writer and the most famous historian of the Romantic school

Jules Michelet Whoever has done or willed too much let him drink from this deep cup a long draught of life and youth........Everything is narrow in the West - Greece is small and I stifle; Judea is dry and I pant. Let me look toward lofty Asia, and the profound East for a little while. There lies my great poem- Ramayana, as vast as the Indian ocean, blessed, gilded with the sun, the book of divine harmony wherein is no dissonance. A serene peace reigns there, and in the midst of conflict an infinite sweetness, a boundless fraternity, which spreads over all living things, an ocean (without bottom or bound) of love, of pity, of clemency. source: The Fragrance of India : Landmarks for the world of tomorrow - by Louis Revel

45


(1940 - ), Great Welsh physicist, the youngest Nobel laureate, head of the Mind–Matter Unification Project, credited for the prediction of the eponymous Josephson effect.

Brian David Josephson The Vedanta and the Sankhya hold the key to the laws of mind and thought process which are co-related to the Quantum Field, i.e. the operation and distribution of particles at atomic and molecular levels. source: Science and Vedanta - by H. M. Ganesh Rao

46


(1845-1919), A great German scholar, direct disciple of Arthur Schopenhauer, founded the Schopenhauer Society

Paul Deussen Whatever may be the discoveries of the scientific mind, none can dispute the eternal truths propounded by the Upanishads. source: Indian Antiquary - by Paul Deussen

* On the tree of wisdom there is no fairer flower than the Upanishads, and no finer fruit than the Vedanta philosophy. source: History of Philosophy - by Paul DeussenÂ

47


(1817-1862), One of the g r e a t e s t A m e r i c a n philosophers, writers, social critics, transcendentalists

Henry David Thoreau In the morning I bathe my intellect in the stupendous and cosmogonal philosophy of the Bhagavad Gita, and in comparison with which our modern world and its literature seem puny and trivial. source: The Writings of Henry D. Thoreau - Walden

* Whenever I have read any part of the Vedas, I have felt that some unearthly and unknown light illuminated me. In the great teaching of the Vedas, there is no touch of sectarianism. It is of all ages, climes and nationalities and is the royal road for the attainment of the Great Knowledge. When I am at it, I feel that I am under the spangled heavens of a summer night. source: The Hindu Mind - by Bansi Pandit

48


(1754-1826), First governor general of British India

Lord Warren Hastings I do not hesitate to pronounce the Gita a performance of great originality, of sublimity of conception, reasoning and diction almost unequalled; and a single exception, amongst all the known religions of mankind. source: India Discovered - by John Keay

*

The writers of the Indian philosophies will survive, when the British dominion in India shall long have ceased to exist, and when the sources which it yielded of wealth and power are lost to remembrances. source: Philosophy of Hinduism - An Introduction - by T. C. Galav

49


(1767-1845) Great German scholar, poet, critic and principal philosopher of German romanticism

August Wilhelm von Schlegel Even the loftiest philosophy of the Europeans appears like a feeble spark before the Vedanta. Source: Is India Civilized? - Essays on Indian Culture - by Sir John Woodroffe

50


(1867 - 1935), Eminent poet, artist, and mystic, a leading figure in the Irish literary renaissance of the late 19th and early 20th century

A. E. George Russell The Bhagavad Gita and the Upanishads contain such godlike fullness of wisdom on all things that I feel the authors must have looked with calm remembrance back through a thousand passionate lives, full of feverish strife for and with shadows, ere they could have written with such certainty of things which the soul feels to be sure. source: A Discovery of India - by Jawaharlal Nehru

51


(1949- ), Eminent scholar, authored several books, was also Russian Ambassador to India, Nepal and Sweden

Alexander M. Kadakin India seems to be specially designed by the God to defy all prognoses and theories. My heart remains here but all my Indias will travel back along with me, needing no extra space in the plane. And new ones will appear when I return. source: Passage to India: The Coexistence of Multiple Realities-

52


(1925-), American Nobel Prizewinning scientist, worked extensively during World War II in designing radar bombing systems, invented the microwave-emitting

Charles H. Townes Indian students should value their religious culture and of course, the classical Indian culture bears importantly on the meaning of life and values. I would not separate the two. To separate science and Indian culture would be harmful. I don't think it is practical to keep scientific and spiritual culture separate. source: Interviews with Nobel Laureates and Eminent Scholars to T. D.Singh and Pawan K. Saharan

53


(1744-1803), Great German philosopher, theologian, poet, and literary critic

Johann Gottfried Herder Mankind's origins can be traced to India, where the human mind got the first shapes of wisdom and virtue with a simplicity, strength and sublimity which has - frankly spoken, nothing, nothing at all equivalent in our philosophical, cold European world. source: Johann Gottfried Herder's Image of India - by Pranebendranath Ghosh

54


(1907-1986), Eminent Romanian philosopher, writer and critic

Mircea Eliade Yoga, as a 'science' of achieving this transformation of finite man into the infinite, one has to be recognized as something intrinsically Indian or, as 'a specific dimension of the Indian mind. Yoga: Immortality and Freedom - by Mircea Eliade

*

With a rigor unknown elsewhere, India has applied itself to analyzing the various conditioning of the human being. Yoga: Immortality and Freedom - by Mircea Eliade

55


(1746–1794), Great British scholar, philologist and authored several books

Sir William Jones Human life would not be sufficient to make oneself acquainted with any considerable part of Hindu literature. source: Hindu Superiority - by Har Bilas Sarda

*

The six philosophical schools, whose principles are explained in the Darsana Sastra, comprise all the metaphysics of the old Academy, the Stoa, the Lyceum; nor is it possible to read the Vedanta, or the many fine compositions in illustration of it, without believing that Pythagoras and Plato derived their sublime theories from the same fountain with the Sages of India. source: Eminent Orientalists: Indian European American - Asian Educational Services

56


(1887-1961), One of the greatest physicists of 20th century, awarded Nobel Prize for his invention of Wave Mechanics, his Schrรถdinger equation has been regarded as the most important achievement of the twentieth century

Erwin Schroedinger Vedanta teaches that consciousness is singular, all happenings are played out in one universal consciousness and there is no multiplicity of selves. source: What is life? the physical aspect of the living cell & Mind and matter - by Erwin Schrodinger The unity and continuity of Vedanta are reflected in the unity and continuity of Wave mechanics. In 1925, the world view of Physics was a model of a great machine composed of separable interacting material particles. During the next few years, Schrodinger and Heisenberg and their followers created a universe based on super imposed inseparable waves of probability amplitudes. This new view would be entirely consistent with the Vedantic concept of All in One. source: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Hinduism

57


(1947- ), French historian of mathematics, his most famous book was ‘The Universal History of Numbers’

Georges Ifrah It is the ancient Indian culture that has regarded the science of numbers as the noblest of its arts... A thousand years ahead of Europeans, Indian Savants knew that the zero and infinity were mutually inverse notions.

*

*

In short, Indian science was born out of a mystical and religious culture and the etymology of the Sanskrit words used to describe numbers and the science of numbers bears witness to this fact.

*

The early passion which Indian civilization had for high numbers was a significant factor contributing to the discovery of the place-value system, and not only offered the Indians the incentive to go beyond the "calculable" physical world, but also led to an understanding of the notion of mathematical infinity itself. source: The Universal History of Numbers - by Georges Ifrah

58


(1887-1949), American linguist and author

Leonard Bloomfield It was in India, however, that there rose a body of knowledge which was destined to revolutionize European ideas about language. The Hindu grammar taught Europeans to analyze speech forms; when one compared the constituent parts, the resemblances, which hitherto had been vaguely recognized, could be set forth with certainty and precision. source: Grammar - by Leonard Bloomfield Hall

59


(1856-1950), Great Irish dramatist, received Nobel Prize for literature

Bernard Shaw The Indian way of life provides the vision of the natural, real way of life. We western veil ourselves with unnatural masks. On the face of India are the tender expressions which carry the mark of the Creators hand.

*

The apparent multiplication of gods is bewildering at the first glance, but you soon discover that they are the same GOD. There is always one uttermost God who defies personification. This makes Hinduism the most tolerant religion in the world, because its one transcendent God includes all possible gods. In fact Hinduism is so elastic and so subtle that the most profound Methodist, and crudest idolater, are equally at home with it. source: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Hinduism

60


(1748 - 1814), Eminent French naturalist and author

Pierre Sonnerat Ancient India gave to the world its religions and philosophies. Egypt and Greece owe India their wisdom and it is known that Pythagoras went to India to study under Brahmins, who were the most enlightened of human beings. source: Arise O' India - by Francois Gautier

61


(1823-1900), Famous German philosopher, writer and philologist

Prof F. Max Muller It is surely astounding that such a system as the Vedanta should have been slowly elaborated by the indefatigable and intrepid thinkers of India thousands of years ago, a system that even now makes us feel giddy, as in mounting last steps of the swaying spire of a Gothic cathedral. None of our philosophers, not excepting Heraclitus, Plato, Kant or Hegel, has ventured to erect such a spire, never frightened by storms or lighting. Stone follows on stone after regular succession after once the first step has been made, after once it has been clearly seen that in the beginning there can have been One, as there will be but One in the end, whether we call it Atman or Brahman. source: Three Lectures on the Vedanta Philosophy -by Max Muller

62


(1767-1835), Prussian Minister of education, a brilliant linguist and the founder of the Science of General Linguistics

Wilhelm von Humboldt The Gita, the most beautiful, perhaps the only true philosophical song existing in any known tongue__ perhaps the deepest and loftiest thing the world has to show. source: Philosophy of Hinduism - An Introduction - by T. C. Galav

63


(1850-89 ), Greatest and most influential Romanian poet and writer

Mihai Eminescu So it is that bird and man, Sun and moon Are born and die in Brahma the Sacred Where all things become one. source: Tattwamasi , a poem by Mihai Eminescu, he immensely imbibed intellectual nectar from Vedanta

64


(1906- 2001), Australian UFO pioneer, author of several physics, astronomy and spiritual books

Andrew Tomas The atomic structure of matter is mentioned in the Hindu treatises Vaisesika and Nyaya. The Yoga Vasishta says: ----- there are vast worlds within the hollows of each atom, multifarious as the specks in a sunbeam ----- which we have assumed now as true. source: We Are Not The First Riddles of Ancient Science - by Andrew Tomas

65


(1959 - ), Professor of ‘American Thought and Language’ at Michigan State University, has written several books

Dr. Arthur Versluis It is necessary that we turn to the Vedanta, because the Upanishads provide the purest metaphysics available to us from the primordial past. source: The Egyptian Mystery - by Arthur Versluis

66


(1932 - ), One of the greatest British writers of modern times, received Nobel Prize for literature in 2001.

V S Naipaul The key Hindu concept of dharma - the right way, the sanctioned way, which all men must follow, according to their natures - is an elastic concept. At its noblest it combines self-fulfillment and truth to the self with the ideas of action as duty, action as its own spiritual reward, man as a holy vessel. source: The Treasury of Hinduism - by Harischandra Lal Singh

* The older I get, the more Hindu I become. source: Hinduism Today August 1999

67


(1895-1976), Great Chinese scholar and prolific writer

Dr. Lin Yutang India was China's teacher in religion and imaginative literature, and the world's teacher in Trigonometry, Quadratic Equations, Grammar, Phonetics, Arabian Nights, Animal fables, chess, as well as in philosophy, and that she inspired Boccaccio, Goethe, Herder, Schopenhauer, Emerson, and probably also old Aesop. source: The Wisdom of China and India - by Lin Yutang

68


(1890-1943), Great German Indologist

Dr. Heinrich Zimmer We of the Occident are about to arrive at a crossroads that was reached by the thinkers of India some seven hundred years before Christ. This is the real reason, why we become both vexed and stimulated, uneasy and yet interested, when confronted with the concepts and images of Oriental wisdom. source: Readings in Eastern Religious Thought - Hinduism - by Allie M. Frazier

* The whole edifice of Indian civilization is imbued with spiritual meaning. source: Philosophies of India - by Heinrich Zimmer

69


(1779-1847), Swedish statesman and was also minister in London and eminent scholar, wrote ‘The Theogony of the Hindoos with their systems of Philosophy and Cosmogony’

Count Magnus F. Bjornstjerna These truly sublime ideas cannot fail to convince us that the Vedas recognize only one God, who is Almighty, Infinite, Eternal, Selfexistent, the Light and the Lord of the Universe.

70


(1917-1992), One of the most eminent quantum mechanical physicists and philosophers

David J. Bohm One would say Atman is more like the meaning. But then what is meant would be Brahman, I suppose; the identity of consciousness and cosmos....This claims that the meaning and what is meant are ultimately one, which is the phrase 'Atman equals Brahman' of classical Hindu philosophy. source: http://www.ourworldharmony.com/kDavidBo.htm

71


(1954 - ), Noted American scholar and writer

Linda Johnsen We're impressed by the ability of Eastern religions like Hinduism to meet science head on, agreeing in many respects about important topics, such as the age and size of the universe. Today, Hindu culture is one of the last remaining enclaves of a universal minded religion. source: The Complete Idiot's Guide to Hinduism - by Linda Johnsen

*

Hinduism is the one world religion that reaches out to embrace other faiths with respect because it believes that no one is excluded from the divine grace. source: The Complete Idiot's Guide to Hinduism - by Linda Johnsen

72


(1891-1962), Great Chinese philosopher and author

Hu Shih India Conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border.

* Never before had China seen a religion so rich in imagery, so beautiful and captivating in ritualism and so bold in cosmological and metaphysical speculations. Like a poor beggar suddenly halting before a magnificent storehouse of precious stones of dazzling brilliancy and splendor, China was overwhelmed, baffled and overjoyed. She begged and borrowed freely from this munificent giver. The first borrowings were chiefly from the religious life of India, in which China's indebtedness to India can never be fully told. source: India and World Civilization - by D. P. Singhal.

source: India and World Civilization - by D. P. Singhal

73


(1919-1996), A great American enlightened scholar, wrote several spiritual books

Huston Smith Hinduism’s cosmology was prodigious in scope and depth, but India did not stop there. She went on to advance what was probably the most daring hypothesis man has ever conceived. We are ourselves are the infinite, the very infinite from which the Universe proceeds. Everything in Hinduism works to drive the point home.

*

While the West was still thinking, perhaps, of 6,000 years old universe – India was already envisioning ages and eons and galaxies as numerous as the sands of the Ganges. The Universe so vast that modern astronomy slips into its folds without a ripple. source: The Mystic's Journey - India and the Infinite – by Huston Smith

74


(1627-1658 AD), Born in India is noted scholar, writer and journalist

Richard Waterstone There is a striking resemblance between the equivalence of mass and energy, symbolized by Shiva's cosmic dance and the Western theory, first expounded by Einstein, which calculates the amount of energy contained in a subatomic particle by multiplying its mass by the square of the speed of light: E = mc2.  source: India : Living Wisdom - by Richard Waterstone

75


(1746–1794), Great British scholar, philologist and authored several books

Sir William Jones I can venture to affirm, without meaning to pluck a leaf from the never-fading laurels of our immortal Newton, that the whole of his theology, and part of his philosophy, may be found in the Vedas. source: Eminent Orientalists: Indian European American - Asian Educational Services

*

Human life would not be sufficient to make oneself acquainted with any considerable part of Hindu literature. source: Hindu Superiority - by Har Bilas Sarda

76


(1905-1983), Hungarianborn British novelist, journalist, and critic

Arthur Koestler The greatest influence during the dark ages was Augustine, who was influenced by Plotinus, who was completely influenced by Indian mysticism. source: Hinduism Invades America - by Wendell Thomas

77


(1891-1953), Eminent British philosopher, author and teacher

C. E. M. Joad The thought of the Upanishads is bold and free, and their general conclusion is that mystical experience is the pathway to reality. source: The Story of Indian Civilization - by C. E. M. Joad

78


(1895 -1965), Geologist, professor at the University of Durham

Professor Arthur Holmes Long before it became a scientific aspiration to estimate the age of the earth, many elaborate systems of the world chronology had been devised by the sages of antiquity. source: Hinduism and Scientific Quest - by T. R. R. Iyengar

79


(1862-1913), Famous Japanese philosopher, art expert, curator and author

Professor Kakuzo Okakura We catch a glimpse of the great river of science which never ceases to flow in India. For India has carried and scattered the data of intellectual progress for the whole world, ever since the pre-Buddhist period when she produced the Sankhya philosophy and the atomic theory. source: The Ideals of the East, with Special Reference to the Art of Japan - by Kakuzo Okakura

80


(1862-1949), Great Belgian writer and Nobel laureate

Count Maurice Maeterlinck We cannot tell how the religion of the Hindus came into being. When we become aware of it, we find it already complete in its broad outlines, its main principles. Not only is it complete, but the farther back we go, the more perfect it is, the more unadulterated, the more closely related to the loftiest speculations of our modern agnosticism. source: Ancient Indian Education - by Radha Kumud Mookerji

81


(1885-1981), Prolific American writer, historian, and philosopher, world renowned for his work Story of Civilization in 11 Volumes

Will Durant India was the motherland of our race, and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages: she was the mother of our philosophy; mother, through the Arabs, of much of our mathematics; mother, through the Buddha, of the ideals embodied in Christianity; mother, through the village community, of selfgovernment and democracy. Mother India is in many ways the mother of us all.

source: The Case For India - by Will Durant

82


(1847-1933), Celebrated writer, socialist, George Bernard Shaw regarded her as the greatest woman public speaker of her time

Annie Wood Besant After a study of some forty years and more of the great religions of the world, I find none so perfect , none so scientific, none so philosophical and none so spiritual than the great religion known by the name of Hinduism. source: India: Essays and Lectures Vol- IV by Annie Besant

*

India is the mother of all religions. In her are combined science and religion in perfect harmony, and it is India that shall be again the spiritual mother of the world. source: Hindu Superiority - by Har Bilas Sarda - Besant's lecture at the Grand Theatre

83


(1803-1882),

Great

American author, essayist, lecturer, Unitarian Minister

Ralph Waldo Emerson By the law of contraries, I look for an irresistible taste for orientalism in Britain. For a self-conceited modish life, made up of trifles, clinging to a corporeal civilization, hating ideas, there is no remedy like the Oriental largeness. That astonishes and disconcerts English decorum. For once, there is thunder it never heard, light it never saw, and power which trifles with time and space. I am not surprised to find an Englishman like Warren Hastings, who had been struck with the grand style of thinking in the Indian writings, depreciating the prejudices of his countrymen while offering them a translation of the Bhagavat Gita. (Essays, V:258-9) source: How Vedanta Came to the West - by Swami Tathagatananda

84


(1880-1946), Eminent Estonian philosopher, first to conceive and promote a planetary culture, founder of the School of Wisdom

Count Hermann Keyserling I have not found in Europe or America, poets, thinkers or popular leaders equal, or even comparable, to those of India today. source: The Discovery of India - by Jawaharlal Nehru

*

India has produced the profoundest metaphysics that we know of, the absolute superiority of India over the West in philosophy; poetry from the Mahabharata, containing the Bhagavad Gita, perhaps the most beautiful work of the literature of the world. source: The Case for India - by Will Durant Simon and Schuster

85


(1792-1867), Noted French philosopher

Victor Cousin When we read with attention the poetical and philosophical monuments of India, we discover there are endless truths, and truths so profound, and which make such a contrast with the meanness of the results at which European genius has sometimes stopped, that we are constrained to bend the knee before the philosophy of the East, and to see in this cradle of the human race the native land of the highest philosophy. source: Is India Civilized: Essays on Indian Culture - by Sir John Woodroffe

86


(1889-1975), Eminent British historian. His massive reseaerch was published in 12 volumes between 1934 and 1961 titled as `A Study of History'.

Dr. Arnold Joseph Toynbee Today, the western scientific progress has physically united the world. It has not only got rid of the ‘space’ factor, it has also equipped the various countries of the world with deadly arms. But they have not yet learnt the art of knowing and loving one another. If we want to save humanity at this most critical juncture, the only option is the Indian approach. source: Hindutva is universal love - by Girish Chandra Mishra

87


(1847-1933), Celebrated writer, socialist and orator

Annie Wood Besant India is the mother of all religions. In her are combined science and religion in perfect harmony, and it is India that shall be again the spiritual mother of the world. source: Hindu Superiority - by Har Bilas Sarda

88


(1869-1948) Father of the Indian Nation, philosopher and writer,

Mahatma Gandhi Indian knowledge is like a boundless ocean teeming with priceless gems. The deeper you dive the more treasures you find.

* On examination, I have found it to be the most tolerant of all religions known to me. Its freedom from dogma makes a forcible appeal to me inasmuch as it gives the votary the largest scope for self-expression.

*

I think I have understood Hinduism correctly when I say that it is eternal, all-embracing and flexible enough to suit all situations. source: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Hinduism

Source: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Hinduism

89


(1863-1902), Great yogi, philosopher and charismatic orator of modern time

Swami Vivekananda And it is here and here alone that toleration and sympathy become practical; it is theoretical in every other country; it is here and here alone, that the Hindu builds mosques for the Mohammedans and churches for the Christians. source: http://www.eaglespace.com/spirit/workbeforeus.php

90


(1872-1950), greatest

One

of

philosophers

the and

yogis

Sri Aurobindo Hinduism.....gave itself no name, because it set itself no sectarian limits; it claimed no universal adhesion, asserted no sole infallible dogma, set up no single narrow path or gate of salvation; it was less a creed or cult than a continuously enlarging tradition of the God ward endeavor of the human spirit. An immense manysided and many staged provision for a spiritual selfbuilding and self-finding, it had some right to speak of itself by the only name it knew, the eternal religion, Santana Dharma.... http://www.hindu-festivals.com/quotes.html

* That which we call the Hindu religion is really the eternal religion because it embraces all others. source: The Wisdom of Hindu Gurus -by Timothy Freke

91


(1888-1975), Philosopher author and educationalist

Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Hinduism is not just a faith. It is the union of reason and intuition that cannot be defined but is only to be experienced. source: http://divinepreachings.com/Greatthoughts.aspx?id= Sanatan%20Dharma

92


(1861-1925), Austrian

Great

philosopher,

social thinker, architect

Rudolph Steiner In order to approach a creation as sublime as the Bhagavad-Gita with full understanding it is necessary to attune our soul to it. source: http://veda.wikidot.com/pearls-of-wisdom

93


(1850-1923), Noted French novelist

Pierre Loti I salute thee with awe, with veneration, and wonder, ancient India, of whom I am the adept, the India of the highest splendor of art and philosophy. May thy awakening astonish the Occident, decadent, mean, daily dwindling, slayer of nations, slayer of Gods, slayer of souls, which yet bows down still, ancient India, before the prodigies of thy primordial conceptions. source: Sanskrit Civilization - by G. R. Josyer

94


(1949- ), A french doctor and scholar and writer of several spiritual books

Claude Arpi When I left France for India, I came with a dream: I was going to the land of the Vedas, of the Buddha, a continent with an eternal religion. I thought everyone in this country was turned "inwards", seeking a higher light; I believed India would soon be able to guide the world towards a more meaningful tomorrow. Why I am sad now? I can't help feeling a terrible divide between this dream and today's reality (at least the one depicted in the English media). I still believe in 'India of the ages', but I cannot grasp why Indians themselves still refuse to acknowledge the greatness of their culture. source: http://www.jaia-bharati.org/anglais/ca-indolddreams.htm

95


(1875-1961), World famous Swiss psychiatrist, an influential thinker and the founder of analytical psychology_ often known as Jungian psychology

Carl G. Jung No system of thought or body control is more widely known today than Yoga. When a religious method recommends itself as 'scientific', it can be certain of its public in the West. Yoga fulfills this expectation. ‘Quite apart from the charm of the new and the fascination of the half-understood, there is good cause for Yoga to have many adherents. It offers the possibility of controllable experience and thus satisfies the scientific need for 'facts'; and, besides this, by reason of its breadth and depth, its venerable age, its doctrine and method which include every phase of life, it promises undreamed of possibilities. source: Let's regain our lost soul - by Nani A Palkhivala

96


(1875-1961), World famous Swiss psychiatrist, an influential thinker and the founder of analytical psychology_ often known as Jungian psychology

Carl G. Jung If the attainment of the middle path consisted in a mere surrender to instinct, as the bewailers of “naturalism” suppose, the profoundest philosophical speculation that the human mind has ever known would have no raison d’être. But, as we studythe philosophy of the Upanishads, the impression grows on us that the attainment of this path is not exactly the simplest of tasks. Our Western superciliousness in the face of these Indian insights is a mark of our barbarian nature, which has not the remotest inkling of their extraordinary depth and astonishing psychological accuracy. We are still so uneducated that we actually need laws from without to show us what is good and the right thing to do. And because we are still such barbarians, any trust in human nature seems to us a dangerous and unethical naturalism. Why is this? Because under the barbarian’s thin veneer of culture the wild beast lurks in readiness, amply justifying his fear. source: Psychological Types – by C G Jung

97


(1759-1805), Famous G e r m a n p o e t , philosopher, historian, and playwright.

Friedrich Schiller In the whole of Greek antiquity there is no poetical representation of beautiful love which approaches Sakuntala even afar. source: India and World Civilization - by D. P. Singhal

98


(1888-1965), Great American poet, philosopher, critic, received Nobel Prize for literature in 1948

T. S. Eliot Long ago I studied the ancient Indian languages,and while I was chiefly interested at that time in philosophy, I read a little poetry too; and I know that my own poetry shows the influence of Indian thought and sensibility. source: Notes Towards the Definition of Culture by T. S. Eliot

99


(1875-1961), World famous Swiss psychiatrist, an influential thinker and the founder of analytical psychology_ often known as Jungian psychology

Carl G. Jung Great and enduring civilizations like those of the Hindus and the Chinese were built upon this foundation and developed from it a discipline of self-knowledge which they brought to a high pitch of refinement both in philosophy and practice.� source: Hindu Culture - by K. Guru Dut

*

We have not yet clearly grasped the fact that Western Theosophy is an amateurish imitation of the East. source: The Wisdom of China and India - by Lin Yutang

100


(1931) 11th President of India, eminent scientist and writer

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Vedas are the oldest classics and the most precious treasures of India. The soul of Bharatiya sanskriti dwells in the Vedas. The entire world admits the importance of the Vedas. source: Vedas, soul of India - by Dina Nath Mishra

* Tell me, why is the media here so negative? Why are we in India so embarrassed to recognise our own strengths, our achievements? We are such a great nation. We have so many amazing success stories but we refuse to acknowledge them. Why? source: http://www.nutquote.com/quote/Abdul_Kalam

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Articles


Explore the majestic Indian philosophies Indian philosophers’ subtleties make most of the great European philosophers look like schoolboys. - T. S. Eliot by Salil Gewali It is worth millions if one has developed an enthusiasm to be more virtuous in life though living in abject poverty. But know it is worth naught if one has earned billions but has not developed any enthusiasm to acquire those virtues. Here virtues mean those simple human qualities that help promote the well-being of not just oneself but of the entire universe. And of course, all the existing religions in the world preach such values. In fact it is one of the fundamental aims of every religion __ to seek to purify the filth of demons with virtues of God. And, as no religions advocate and encourage any attributes in man that stand as an impediment in having environment of piety, one has no right to disrespect others’ faiths. But very unfortunately, some of the believers of a certain religion proclaim themselves to be the best and they are obviously ill-disposed to others. They assertively

99


profess their own exclusivity. That is viciously disastrous. How paradoxical and how sacrilegious that evil of intolerance, dogmatism and hatred explosively often emanate from the holy ground of religions! As a searing sense of enmity has often seen to be developing so conspicuously amongst the various sects that it naturally occurs to many why not to become atheist or agnostic than stay stewed in the hot juice religiosity. However, the Hindu religion, nay, philosophy, never believes in propositions

and doctrines that cause

confrontation, vindictiveness and fanaticism. It primarily preaches universal fraternity, tolerance and magnanimity and significance of spiritual knowledge. It informs us, ‘Sarva dharma sama bhava’,

‘have tolerance for other

religions’. The different paths of religions existing in the world are essential for spiritual evolution for a particular class of people born with particular character and propensity. It says, according to one’s mental

leaning,

aptitude and subtle inner faculties that were acquired in past lives, the ‘Nature’ causes one to take birth in one particular

religion

which is

best suited for him. So

therefore, one has no right to choose one’s religion on

100


whims. Like a person with O + blood group can’t thrust A+ blood into his bloodstream. If he does, then he will only invite multitude of health complication later. Like a person with O + blood group can’t thrust A+ blood into his bloodstream. If he does, then he will only invite multitude of health complication later. Look at this illustration. In order to illuminate different types of bulbs we need batteries of different voltages. So, to help evolve the souls of different individuals require a certain faith, which is not our job to choose __ it is Nature that decides best. Well, to make it still simple, an act of converting religion is akin to feeding a Linux compatible software into MS Window loaded machine that only causes conflict in the system leading to complex malfunctioning. It is therefore, nowhere in Vedic thoughts does one find the references that suggest non-Hindu to quit his religion and embrace Hinduism. It is the Indian system of knowledge that objectively vindicates the importance of other faiths in this world of diversity. It says that ‘diligently following the faith one has taken birth in, he attains a certain level of perfection’.

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Yes, we can find still more universal aspect of Hinduism. in the following couplets from the Gita : Whosoever (of any faith) desires to worship whatever deity (using any name, form, style and method practised in that particular faith), HE (Supreme Brahman) makes the devotee's faith steady in that very deity. Endowed with steady faith, the devotee worship that deity and obtain his wishes through that deity. Those wishes are, indeed, granted only by HIM -- Supreme Brahman alone.

(7/21-22)

(Here 'Supreme Brahman' refers to 'The only immutable, subtlest and all-pervading omnipotent Energy in the form of Absolute Bliss, Absolute Knowledge and Absolute Existence’)

This is the greatness of the Indian Philosophy __ so secular, so liberal, so accommodating and scientific to the core. Truly, any teachings from the Vedas may be rigorously tested

by any super scientific minds to

ascertain their validity. Vedas never force one to believe in God blindly, but show scientific ways to

realize

that

ultimate truth — that ‘it is God alone that exists and the rest are transient illusion’. Ralph Emersion was dazzled, Henry David Thoreau had started to live ascetic life

102


when they learnt from the Vedas alone that ‘ it is only the ignorance to see no God in every bit of manifested things, let alone the unmanifest ’. Vedas say, nothing can ever exist

without energy of divinity which is all pervasive.

The

Creator and the Creation are one, and a person who can see that, he alone is the man of knowledge, the rest wallow in ignorance. Upanishads say, the only objective of a religion, in fact, is to create an environment of piety that helps cleanse oneself of earthly vices, so one can steadily be more and more perceptive to see the truth in right perspective.

Yes, Vedic knowledge alone convincingly

expounds ‘universalism, absolute unity in complex diversity and absolute divinity which is wholly dynamic in nature and also the eternity of Time which is cyclic in nature. It is doubtlessly this lofty philosophy of ancient India that informs the

whole world first that this absolute and

inconceivable divinity is intrinsically present within every being, living or non-living and visible or non-visible __ the wisdom greatly awestruck the modern rational scientists as Erwin Schroedinger (one of the greatest physicists of 20th century), Julius R. Oppenheimer (father of Atomic

103


Bomb) and Werner Heisenberg (co-founder of Quantum Mechanics). The Bhagavad

Gita exhorts

mankind to

realize that Divinity in the workshop of Karma Yoga or Bhakti Yoga or Gyana Yoga or Raja Yoga, remaining in one’s own

faith one has taken birth in (never converting to

other religion). Behold, attaining the merger with the ‘absolute knowledge, absolute bliss and absolute existence which is formless and timeless phenonmenon’ is the sole

goal of every life-entity,

affirm

the Vedas in

divine

rhymes! Writer may be contacted at : sgewali@gmail.com

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Indians' bankruptcy of patriotism by Salil Gewali I feel a very few of us know what most of the western eminent scholars we adore have said about our Indian philosophies and the ancient seers. Yes, they have held them in the highest esteem. They have proudly acknowledged that the Vedic literatures as the only treasure of profound knowledge that has no parallel in the whole universe. Even the loftiest philosophy of the Europeans appears like a feeble spark before the Vedanta. August Wilhelm von Schlegel, (1767-1845) A great German philosopher, poet and critic)

But it is a matter of astonishment that all these truths about Indian system of knowledge have been less discussed or brought to light in India. So far our students

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have not been encouraged to learn in schools or colleges about the uncanny philosophies as the Vedanta or Yoga literature in any manner which in fact have become the core source of inspiration for most of the western poets, philosophers,

scientists

et al.

Why are we not being

taught in the schools the fact that Pythagoras came to India to learn Geometry and spiritualism all the way from Greece who was quite senior to Socrates and Plato? Why are we not allowed to know that a seer of India over 5000 years ago was the first to tell about the speed of light that has a mention in Rig Veda, while the West discovered it much later in the 17th century AD? We are committing to memory T. S. Eliot's 'The Waste Land' but never want to know that he became powerful poet because he assimilated every sublime philosophy of the Upanishads and the Vedas which he himself has mentioned at several places. Why have we suppressed these facts about the

wisdom

of ancient

India? Have we become so unpatriotic that we love to wink at the richest legacies our own motherland and become

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blind admirers of illusive civilization of the west? Time has come to do a real introspection. Time has come to seriously get down to learn the knowledge that mesmerized and enlightened the scientists like Bohr

and

Oppenheimer

Niels

and philosophers like

Voltaire and Schopenhauer.

-

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Kernel of Hinduism by Bikash Sarmah Hinduism is often misconstrued as a ritualistic religion. It is not. True, rituals mark the conduct of Hinduism in day-to-day life, but that is just the contour of any practising faith for that matter, with the exception that Hinduism has a rainbow configuration of numerous gods and goddesses. Even then, the religion transcends the sheer number of gods and goddesses. For, the quintessence of Hinduism is its philosophy. What would be Hinduism without the concomitant philosophy? That it has no founder adds to its flexibility and justifies its character as a philosophical or spiritual pursuit. And the pursuit is emblematic of man’s quest for a meaning of his existence, his place in the mysterious cosmos, and his own divine potential. A realization of that potential is spirituality, which no dogma can help realize, nor any conditioning of the past or conventional mindset. What it takes is a radical approach to life so as to decode the mystery of human existence. This is Hinduism, which is, therefore, a way of life. In other words, Hinduism is a liberating experience. It does not, and cannot by virtue of its own intrinsic

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character, assert its supremacy or condemn other faiths. That stands proscribed in the truly Hindu scheme of things. What Hinduism calls for is a philosophical or spiritual experimentation, well beyond the shackles of rigid doctrines and man-made barriers. And only the results of the experimentation would prompt one to accept the cardinality of what essentially is Hinduism. If one is convinced about his divinity that is otherwise latent, he may proceed further; if he is not, he may further experiment. There are no rules for that experimentation. Only, one has to realize the kind of path he has taken, outside of the mundane world of materialism. As for its philosophical touch, Hinduism has this wondrous character of blending philosophy with spirituality. You do not have to go the Himalayas to meditate and realize your potential and understand the meaning of human existence. You may be in a moving bus and yet meditate — that is, observe yourself, the play of your emotions and passions, the restlessness of your mind, your irresistible temptations, your very nature and character. That observation itself is meditation. And from it will germinate wisdom, as distinct from knowledge. This is Hinduism, and it is only Hinduism that allows that scope — the scope to be oneself, to understand oneself, free from

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doctrinaire diktats and conditionings. The Vedas and the Upanishads are a treasure trove of knowledge transformed into wisdom. Their message is in fact so very simple: first be a man, realize that all men are equal, and then ensure that you have become capable of accepting the fact that the only religion that can do service to humanity is humanism. This is the gist of the Vedic renditions and the Upanishadic enlightenment. Is not Hinduism then such a man-centric and man-making pursuit? I am an agnostic, for I have no reason to believe in God or dismiss His existence. At times I turn an atheist too, for I find far more justification in dismissing God than in accepting His supernatural powers. However, it is Hinduism that has given me that scope. I am a Hindu not because I believe in the Hindu deities, but because I have realized what it takes to be a true Hindu — the right to be oneself, the right to take my own path to understand life and its nuances, the right to not worship any god and yet be a proud Hindu for having introduced myself to the philosophy of Hinduism. I wonder: if I were not a Hindu, would I be allowed to be an agnostic or atheist? Surely not. That distinguishes Hinduism. That is the glory of Hinduism. Only,

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One has to understand Hinduism in the true sense of the term. And for that one has to first understand that life has a potential beyond the immediate and the apparent. This is what Hinduism has led me to. (The writer is the Editor of ‘The Sentinel’, a Guwahati-based daily, and has written extensively on philosophical matters too, pertaining to Eastern Philosophy)

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Modern Education: A Threat to Mankind by Salil Gewali Study hard, get hold of enviable degree and kick-start the gorgeous career in the field of your choice and make money. The money, your want. By hook or by crook. Certainly, your primary need in life. Use your all wiles how best you can amass and manage it. Well, you are capable of that. Very early you will be flushed with the good amount. No point dillydallying, you may desire the choicest materials of comfort and luxury —— palatial buildings, swanky cars, computer, ruby, diamond and lot more. You are given the choice of enjoying every moment by drawing the utmost pleasure being in the midst of your possessions; relish them to your heart’s content. Why worry? Make the best of your time; you are virtually accentuated with awesome profession. Set your heart on anything your money can purchase. You may drink to death. Visiting the night club and indulging yourself drooling at an enticing girl who unabashedly takes leave of her modesty, could be your new found passion. Yes, you may swing yourself into action by organizing the most

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sensational

beauty contest ever held, that perhaps

becomes an exciting event to watch and emulate from. Or, be adventurous and go around the globe to see the things of your interest. Or, take off to marvel at galas in Las Vegas, or scale the Mountain tops, or plod along the icy Antarctica—— these all are jolly fashionable crazes. Please understand, in this age of sophistication, to make one capable enough to afford any desired stuff of pleasure and conveniences that satisfy his whim is seemingly a one-pointed goal in life. So, don’t hold back, go in with guns blazing to achieve them. Make your affluence as ostentatious as you wish. Yes indeed, it is the much touted education, as normally believed, which promises this glitzy world of opulence, entertainment and name and fame. The targeted aims of any wannabe doctor, engineer, politician, model, film star and so on are to achieve the brilliant profession and occupation and reputation and start quenching the thirst for ever insatiable sense gratification till ones breathe their last. Basic necessities apart, with the success their material wants and desires may swell up that could be in any form depending upon the mind-set. But be sure, there will never be the point of time when they find themselves absolutely content.

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The definition of Education in modern day? Very crisp and direct. Be hot at your chosen area of studies available, the rest will unfold for you. No limitation, no restriction, no social stigma nor even inhibition. Darn the consequential chaos and upheaval and subtle loopholes, provided the disciplines chosen are materially roaring and smashing. Damn the ethical norms if they are overwhelmingly endorsed by the so-called modern day elites. No problem, you being bloody cunning, self-centered, uncompassionate, irreligious, undisciplined, violent, licentious if you can handle and elude them artfully. Dr. X, a widely reputed surgeon of precision, is unkind, ill-tempered and a notorious womanizer. He refuses downright to operate on any underdogs if they cannot make hard payment that is fixed. But, he is a much-sought after Mr. Right who has mastered every part of your anatomy. Significantly, he can neatly deal with any organs of your body, so we have legally no right to question his personal flaws and morals. In his elaborate study of the science there is practically no references and emphasis that he must be morally acceptable and sympathetic in character before pursuing the profession.

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Similar is the case with a lawyer. He can be a dangerously double standard fox. He may cook up crafty schemes for making money out of petty cases. He may make illiterate and poor lots his grazing ground. He can prove a wrong as a right and vice versa. Well, a heinous rapist gets away through his contrived design and skill. A heartless murderer gets acquitted if his only lust for money is fulfilled. Perhaps, to sum up, he is the Messiah of evildoers. No exaggeration, so is the case with the literate men of any trade and profession. But do not be critical, they are the blessed recognized people of letters and esteemed designation. Please update yourself, there are a colossal number of careers and employments put forth by the education of modern day. Why to waver, be a star on par with Aishwarya, all the splendour will be at your feet. Or, choose to ape the demeanour and sensuality of Britney Spears or Jennifer Lopez to entertain and stir the lust of the global masses. More? You may burn the midnight oil to acquire the exclusive art of Mariah Carey and practice how artfully you can drive the virile hawk into submission. Why to shrink to do more exciting and impressive

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if you have gained mastery of the English, one of the most fashionable languages on earth. You can pick up a crap and discuss astutely till you feel jaded. Well, publish hot journals like Cosmopolitan by piecing together all the filths and sleazes which potentially set the reader on sensual fire. Hey think big, produce the movies that liberally and flagrantly shed light on how best one can flirt with the sex-senses, the project will be an instant crowd puller and more gainful. No worry about the sleaze factor at this cutting age of development, if you can competently defend yourself. Immodest Madonna has attended icon status, eccentric Michele Jackson has a great number of die-hard fans. Marilyn Monroe and Helen are legendary figures and a source of inspiration for the present world that swears by fashion and modernity. Yes, what about our leaders who rule us and make laws for the society? Yes, the leaders who are ruling us are no more men of rectitude and scruples but devils of hell. They have no qualms about indulging in any sorts of immoral or criminal activities. Kidnapping, murder, corruption, pervert sex are what characterize this age of sophistication and consumerism . Frankly speaking, here we all have thus succumbed

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to the devilish heat of lust, anger, greed, desire and ego. This is how perspires and stinks the rumpus world of decadence and illusion. The cloud of illusion seems so thick that the mankind has almost lost the sight of immutable truths. Further, in pursuance of exploring the ways and means for better and easier life it has merrily gone blind to the most subtle facts about human psychology, function and behaviour of the bossy five senses. To make the matter worse, perhaps being overwhelmed by the startling ambience of advanced conveniences and luxury, the so-called academic pundits in delusion have virtually omitted the moral values from the recipe of education. Who have sense to care now that the mother Nature sternly requires a man to live within the periphery of morality and sensibly to control his senses in order to lead a sane and peaceful life or else they (the senses) will drive his mind turbulent rendering him physically and mentally feeble and stressful that may, in course of time, culminates in complete degeneration of the self. But regrettably, the mainstream education has apparently never taught us to regulate the senses for self purification and realization of inner joyfulness. No

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strange, we normally find ourselves ceaselessly engrossed and obsessed with the thoughts of short-living sense gratification and desire fulfillment or anxiety, fear, envy and anger. I am afraid, while having been unable to control the nagging mind, we have increasingly become a mere meek slave to it being ever preoccupied in the task of supplying more tempting sense objects to the senses as dictated by the former. Please note, gradual weakening of the faculty of intellect, memory and creativity is because of one being engulfed by mental agony caused by excessive indulgence in sense pleasure and high expectations from the things pertaining. Therefore, here it seems the modern education has been obviously working as a catalyst in the laboratory of the glossy world where evils alone are precipitating. Maybe, being intensely apprehensive of the impending nightmarish situation, the great thinker Albert Einstein had also warned us as saying —— ‘Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind’, —— here the religion means that which teaches us, besides about the existence of the omnipresent Almighty, moral values and significance of humanity. And therefore I firmly believe, the true education is that which teaches first the ways and skills

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how best one to control those bullying five senses and mind with a sole aim to enable the inherent divine virtues to be blossomed . Once that is achieved, the enlightenment and inner joyfulness come on its on accord, as teaches the Gita. In essence of this long discussion let me conclude thus ----- ‘Education is the vehicle for self-development, righteous action its fuel, intelligence the driver, must ply on the road of morality to reach the light of eternal knowledge that opens up the landscape of blissfulness and divinity.’ Writer may be contacted at : sgewali@gmail.com

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Foreword The idea of compilation of what some of the celebrated thinkers and intellectual giants from the West think of Hinduism and the time-tested teachings of our seers, is both timely and meaningful. For a milieu that can hardly fathom the depth of Hindu philosophy and religion, and at a time when everything from the West seems to get accepted at face-value, this attempt to collect and collate some of the gems from the Western philosophers may not be misplaced after all. To my mind, this treatise should be a precious possession both for the Hindus and the non-Hindus. For, it should enable the Hindus to look at themselves through the Western eyes as a means to rekindle their belief that Hinduism as defined in our ancient scriptures are not for the Hindus alone but for the entire mankind. As for the non-Hindus, it should help immensely in appreciating the unquestionable values and paths of salvation laid down in our Vedas, Upanishads, Gita and what have you. It is a universally acknowledged fact that Vedas are the oldest known human documents in terms of religion, philosophy and literature. As we all are


aware that Vedas offer priceless teachings to human life for ever. The Vedas are invaluable documents of Indian sacred lore and learning which show the path of ultimate release from the human bondage through Righteousness, Self-knowledge and Surrender to the human soul. That the appeal of the Vedas cuts across all imaginable boundaries of Country and Age is understatement; in essence the Hindu teachings truly belong to the humanity. This has been wonderfully brought home once again in this booklet through the adulation of the ancient wisdom by the Western thinkers and philosophers. Viewed against the backdrop, the effort of the publishers is highly commendable. I am absolutely certain that this anthology of Western thoughts on Indian existential wisdom will serve its own purpose of reinforcing our own belief and, at the same time, dispelling doubts, if any, in the psyche of the nonHindus about the eternal values of life given to mankind by our seers.

Manas Chaudhuri Education Minister Government of Meghalaya Shillong, (Meghalaya),

Date : 12th January 2009


MESSAGE I am immensely pleased to see in this book a compilation of thoughts of renowned intellectual thinkers of the West on Indian Philosophy and rich Knowledge System. It is heartening to learn from the quotes presented in this book that Western Philosophers were deeply impressed with the depth of the Hindu Philosophy and religion. As I envisage, this collection would do tremendous good for both the believer and nonbelievers of Hinduism. The Hindus could get an idea of how the West looked at their religion as inscribed in ancient scriptures and thereby, feel good about it. The non-Hindus would give due recognition by appreciating the value of life which is

Karma as

explained by all great Indian Philosophers

of

yesteryears. Though Karma as a concept originated in India,


similar ideas can be found in religions and cultures around the world. This was first introduced in the West by the likes of Emerson, the Philosopher. Karma is both simple and complex and its fundamental aspect is its balancing role in nature. Human beings are responsible for their actions, resulting in personal Karma. So our actions do affect all of humanity. The emergence of transpersonal and spiritual ideas in contemporary western psychology has helped throw new light on the doctrine of Karma. On this backdrop, this publication would help non-Hindus to think positive about the eternal values of life on this earth and at the same breath; Hindus would also see its worth in practicing the teachings of our Seers which Western Philosophers recognised with utmost sincerity. Professor Pramod Tandon Vice-Chancellor North-Eastern Hill University Shillong 793 022, Meghalaya Date : 19th January 2009


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