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TERNOPIL Ivan Pul’uj NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

FIRST SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES RESOLUTIONS

May, 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011 MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON ENTERTAINMENT The Music/Movies industry in Africa is rapidly developing more than other sectors and its role in job creation and bringing unity is unquestionable; but In Africa, several hundreds of ethnicity, speaking up to 2000 distinct languages spread across various countries limits the effectiveness of the entertainment industry. How should Africa utilize the rare gift of diversity for her development? SUBMITTED BY: ABELEJE Adebowale, BENJAMIN Kelechi, NOSOVA Maria, PATRICK Christiana, SHODIPO Adeyinka, UDEZUE Uchenna, YUSUF Tabitha, OMOTOSHO Adedoyin (Moderator)

The First Summit on African Issues, A. Aware that language barrier is an issue for movies like: i.

selecting a major language audience

ii.

using a specific language may further cause disunity,

B. Deeply concerned that our productions are more of quantity than quality, C. Alarmed by the lack of standards to qualify an actor or a producer, D. Recognizing the effect of immorality shown in the entertainment industry on youths, E. Noting with regret the image that is portrayed by the entertainment sector, F. Taking into account the governments’ inability to support the entertainment industry;

1. Encourage the governments’ involvement in the African entertainment by investing in schemes like, a. youth projects b. supporting training programs c. organizing film/music festivals, 2. Hope for a medium to put this industry on a right platform to promote African image positively

First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011 a. By setting standards for artiste, musicians, producers or film makers b. Organizing training events.

First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011 MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON TECHNOLOGY International Telecommunications Union (ITU) confirmed that the world’s Telecommunication information and technology industry is worth US$ 1 trillion in market capitalization; still Africa remains the region with the least developed Telecommunication infrastructure in the world today. What steps should be taken by the African Union (AU) to ensure that the ICT sector is rapidly developed in Africa during this age of ICT? SUBMITTED BY: AJANAKU Oluwatomisin D, EJOYOKAH Ferguson, OKAFOR Ikechukwu, OSUNBOR Osagie, ROBERTS Becky, AMANIAMPONG Ken (Moderator) The First Summit on African Issues, A. Deeply concerned about African languages being integrated into the ICT sector, it has been observed that African languages are not being used in the ICT world unlike other languages like Japanese and Chinese which are extensively used and recognized by the ICT world, B. Realizing that Africa contributes minimally to the market capitalization of the ICT sector due to numerous reasons with major ones being illiteracy and ignorance, C. Noting with deep concern Africa’s lag behind in the ICT age, D. Having the devoted the attention of the AU on the ICT sector is a laudable idea and needs to be encouraged and sustained, E. Having examined that the ICT infrastructure across the African continent is inadequate due to numerous reasons like power supply and high cost of ICT equipment in Africa,

1. Recommends that the AU encourages member states to reduce taxes on investment and equipment in the ICT sector across Africa, increase investment and encourage local production of ICT infrastructure to increase the market capitalization of ICT in Africa and make ICT much more affordable and accessible to Africans, 2. Further recommends that African governments should encourage research in the ICT sector across Africa, with increased funding in the forms of scholarships and investment in people with interest in the ICT sector, 3. Supports the enlightenment of Africans on the importance of ICT through extensive education

First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011 through the media and other such means, 4. Considers African governments’ partnership with other countries and co-operating with them to invest in the ICT sector in Africa is essential in this direction, 5. Calls upon the AU to encourage the establishment of Technology Villages & parks on each regional or geographical zones in Africa, through the co-operation of the Regional Bodies like ECOWAS and SADC, 6. Strongly condemns ICT crimes in Africa and urges the AU to work with African Governments and Regional Bodies to enforce laws to regulate such crimes through effective law enforcement, 7. Has resolved that power supply in Africa is the major problem affecting the ICT sector and is thus the gateway to solutions listed above.

First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011 MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON HEALTH II MALARIA kills between 1 and 5 million each year, kills an African child every 30 seconds, with 90 percent of deaths in Africa. It is very clear that Malaria remains one of the major public health problems in Africa. What strategy should the AU deploy to control or eradicate the Malaria? SUBMITTED BY: ESO Akinleye, NNAMANI Emmanuel, OLADAPO Temiloluwa, OTUNEME Hanson Chidi, TUFUOR Raphael, DASIMAKA Sarah, OPALEYE Oluwaremilekun, UDAH Terry (Moderator) The First Summit on African Issues, A. Deeply concerned that the increasing rate of poverty in Africa results in: i.

Low drug purchasing power by the masses

ii.

Low quality education

iii.

Inadequate/insufficient mosquito nets,

B. Fully aware that lack of qualitative education results in: i.

Ignorance

ii.

Negligence,

C. Realizing that increased mosquito breeding is a consequence of poor environmental sanitation, D. Deeply concerned that malaria results in the ineffectiveness of the labor force of a country.

First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011 1. Further recommends the qualitative education and awareness at all levels, 2. Further requests the implementation of good drainage systems and facilities so as to reduce mosquito breeding, 3. Draws attention to the use of prophylactic measure to reduce malaria e.g. treated mosquito nets and medication, 4. Emphasizes on improving research facilities and vaccine production against malaria,

First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011 MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT II Africa has a vast amount of Natural Resources. However, it is either abused or not properly used. In this respect, what should be done by the AU/Individual nations in order to maximize the potentials of various resources? SUBMITTED BY: AGBARAKWE Gerald, AGBU Noami, OKI Elaebi, ORIAIFO Praise, SUBERU Suleimen, VAUGHAN Olaide, BALDWIN-UJOR Olisemeka (Moderator) The First Summit on African Issues; A. Noting with regret: I. II. III.

the high level of negligence by African leaders level of illiteracy that Africans are faced with unfortunately the poor mindset that has resulted in the myopic view of Africans which has prevented the identification and utilization of available natural resources,

B. Taking into account that certain programs had been initiated by past governments in Africa (NEPAD) to help in accelerate the level of development and explore possibilities of discovering existing resources and initiating activities so as to benefit from it, C. Realizing the capacity as a continent and as individual nations, and financial resources at our disposal as Africans, D. Bearing in mind that efficient use of the available resources will in turn improve the general wellbeing of Africa as a whole and can position Africa to be a major force in global affairs.

1. Calls upon the government of African nations to allocate enough funds to every sector of their individual states and to also place priority on these sectors, 2. Emphasises the need for awareness programs included in every school curriculum to help enlighten the citizens on availability and need of these resources,

First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011 3. Draws attention to the level of corruption in Africa which has hindered many useful programs from achieving any positive and noticeable result, 4. Encourages every society to accept changes because the exploration of identified resources certain trends are bound to change.

First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT I The oil producing firm’s activities in the oil region of Niger Delta, The region has crippled aquatic, agricultural and other environmental activities through oil spillage and other environmental pollution methods. What steps should the government of Nigeria take to ensure that all damages caused by the activities of these companies must be compensated for? SUBMITTED BY: ADAMU Joy, ALONGE Leke, ANIFOWOSE Tolu, AYUBA Patience, CHRIS Faith, EGBULEFU Ndubueze, ODENIYI Femi, SAM-ADOKI Emmanuel, UDEH Tochukwu, ASHIRU Adeleke (Moderator) The First Summit on African Issues, A. Affirming that the Niger delta has its resources being exploited which has led to poverty, unemployment general violence and environmental degradation, B. Deeply concern that the problem of oil spillage orchestrated by some oil firms and multinationals in the Niger delta region is a direct threat to aquatic lives, aerial, plants and animals and all other terrestrials in the environment C. Believing that oil spillage has crippled aquatic and agricultural and other environmental activities, D. Having considered its effects on the health of the people and also natural resources, E. Fully alarmed by the nonchalant altitude of the government on poor maintaining culture of the oil offshore, F. Seeking that the government of the people should be for the people and not themselves alone, G. Deeply convinced that environmental damage associated with oil extraction has destroyed livelihood, H. Further deploring can result low agricultural yield and depletion of the ozone layer;

First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011 1. Call upon the government to strictly execute their policy with all the oil multinational firms in the country to work a lot more on equipment’s maintenance that has been the major reason of hazard caused on inhabitants like health, agricultural productivity, e.t.c, 2. Call upon the government to survey these polluted areas to ensure adequate compensation to the people, 3. Recommends the enactment of a law making the compensation of the people and the responsibility of these companies, 4. Further recommends a sort of punishment for these companies if they fail to comply with these laws, 5. We call upon the federal government to enact laws that will be reviewed yearly and a regulating body should be deplored to monitor the company’s activities, 6. Further recommend the inhabitants of Niger delta be richly and abundantly compensated.

First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011 MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON POLITICS Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and others have issues concerning overdue leaders and bad governance; just like the 1989 revolution in Europe, 45% of the African youth are recently instigating reforms and revolution across the continent. What steps should be taken by the AU, Individual country and the African youth to ensure a peaceful transition of government and also directing the youth in the use their limited power towards achieving the right goal? SUBMITTED BY: ADEGBEYE Adebayo, ADEYIGA Olajide, AKINSANYA Yinka, ANYADIKE Onyinye, KAHUIKA Lilliane, MBANALI Emmanuel, NGAOBIWU Noble, OGBOGU Kelvin, UFOT Ekemini, EGBETE Uchenna (Moderator) The First Summit on African Issues, A. Keeping in mind that 32% of African leaders are overdue leaders and are also members states of the AU except Morocco, B. Taking into account that overdue leaders in African were not democratically elected through free and fair elections, C. Convinced that corrupt and inexperienced law making bodies cannot effect good constitutional reforms that would bring an end to bad governance, D. Confident of that bad governance influences the economy and encourages corruption, E. Affirming that illiteracy level among African youths is very high, F. Having examined that Africa is the bedrock of unemployment due to lack of infrastructural facilities, G. Realising that systematic disregard of basic liberties affects the people which influences the call for revolution, H. Noting with deep concern that over dependency on foreign aid has brought unhealthy economy in Africa, I. Taking into consideration that bad electoral acts and electioneering processes has been a major problem in Africa, J. Bearing in mind the difficulty in bringing down a leader who has been in power for decades, K. Noting further that mismanagement of state funds and misuse of authority is also a lingering problem;

1. Strongly condemns the low level of literacy and the lack of awareness of the youths on political issues of their states. 2. Recommends that African youths should be educated and enlightened on the history and political environment of Africa, First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011 3. Emphasises on the application of free and fair election from the local councils to the highest hierarchy, 4. Encourages that African countries should invest more in the educational sector of their nations, 5. Requests the AU to embrace the realities of the issues facing Africa, 6. Urges the AU not to admit any country in its organisation and impose further sanctions to help curb bad governance, 7. Requests that their should be a total transparency in the arms of government both in the AU and every member state, 8. Calls upon Africans in diaspora to enlighten the people back in Africa, 9. Requests that the correction of corruption should be the responsibility of the citizens and governments, 10. Calls for youth programmes need to be set up and spread across the continent which will allow youth to voice opinions and cultivate on interest on politics, 11. Urges the AU to make it a major objective to monitor the political and electoral processes of member states, 12. Proclaims that the AU should impose sanctions to help curb bad governance in member states that have corrupt leaders, 13. Urges that revolution should be carried out strategically for effective result.

First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011 MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION BY THE COMMITTEE ON HEALTH I South Africa has the highest rape rate in the world. According to statistics, a child is raped every 3 minutes and a woman is raped every 5 minutes and 88% of rapes go unreported. What should be done by the government of South Africa and the AU take to curtail rape rate in Africa? SUBMITTED BY: ADENIYAN Adekemi, AGU Daniel, ALIU Oluwapelumi, ILOEGBUNAM Pamela, OBUBE Oluwakemi, OFOEGBU-OGBU Chukwuebuka, OJETOLA Oluwapelumi, OJIJI Ama, OKE Ayodele, ELENDA Gift (Moderator)

The First Summit on African Issues, A. Deeply convinced that the high rate of rape incidence involving children and babies as a victim has led to their increased mortality rate especially in South Africa, B. Affirming the level of illiteracy to the adverse effect of rape, prostitution seems to be at its peak for rape victims, C. Noting with deep concern that most abuse victims have psychological and psychiatric disorder, D. Deeply regretting, poor parenting care of children and adolescent in Africa has led to high rate of child sexual assault,

1. Recommends the African union should enact strict laws involving chemical castration of offenders who rape babies and children. 2. Urges that rapist with HIV status should be sentence to life imprisonment and those without HIV should be sentence to 30years imprisonment with hard labor, 3. Encourages the creation of public awareness programs to enlighten the children, youth and Adult about Sex/Rape matters through: a.

mass media,

b. social networks, c. sports, 4. Calls upon the AU to employ social security workers that will provide a safe environment for victims

First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


First Summit On African Issues Ternopil, Ukraine 14 May, 2011 to encourage them to speak up and be compensated, 5. Authorizing the ban of unhealthy cultural practices like accepted rape and severe punishment is given for disobedience, 6. Calls for information campaigns to inform women and girls of their legal right as regards to rape. And a 24hours hot line number of the persecutor’s office should be wildly disseminated on tv and radio, 7. Further recommends fighting sexual violence with DNA testing and hospitals issuing medical certificates documenting evidence of sexual intercourse should be made known to the public since this is the central document for rape prosecution, 8. Request rape shield law to the AU and regional economic bodies has adopted in US and CANADA to minimize the stigma and shame of rape victims.

First SUMMIT ON AFRICAN ISSUES Ternopil, Ukraine. 14 May; 2011


1st Summit on African Issues