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Artists in Britain Since 1945 David Buckman

1786 pages in 2 volumes 14,500 artist biographies available to buy from Goldmark Gallery 01572 821424 rrp ÂŁ165 our special price ÂŁ85 including p&p

Sculptor working in rust-proofed steel and glass fibre, born in Birmingham. He studied at Birmingham College of Art and Bradford University, obtaining his Master of Science degree in 1980. I’Anson was elected a member of RBSA in 1966 and a fellow of RBS in 1967. Group exhibitions included RWA, LG, Alwin Gallery, New Vision Centre, SSA and abroad. He took part in many open air exhibitions, including London and the provinces. Solo shows included New Vision Centre, Alwin Gallery, Kidderminster Art Gallery, Leeds City Art Gallery and Midlands Art Centre in Birmingham. The Centre has his work, also held by Birmingham, Bradford and Wakefield public galleries and University of Leeds. Lived in Ilkley, Yorkshire.

Treadwell. Was included in the 1980 show Bernard Meadows at the Royal College of Art 1960–1980, held at the College. In 1999, Ibbeson’s sculpture of the comedian Eric Morecambe was unveiled on the seafront at his home town, Morecambe; in 2001, in Jarrow, his memorial commemorating the sixtyfifth anniversary of the march of shipbuilders to London to demand work.

Charles I’ANSON 1924–1983

Painter, printmaker, draughtsman and teacher, brought up in Yorkshire. He came of a farming family and was privately educated, then attending Oxford University. Studied art at Bradford College of Art, 1929–32, Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1932–4, then for about two years in France and Spain. Showed with Senefelder Club, at public galleries in Mark IANSON 1967– Figurative painter and Sheffield and Bradford, did a mural for the science draughtsman who strove in his portraits to record section of the 1951 Festival of Britain and had onewhat the camera could not. He gained an honours man shows in London and Oxford. Lived for some degree at Gray’s School of Art, Aberdeen, 1988– years in Oxford. 92. Group shows included Paisley Drawing Competition, award winner, 1993 and 1995; Royal Diane IBBOTSON 1946– Painter and teacher, born Glasgow Institute, award winner, 1993; RSA, in Colne, Lancashire. Between 1964–71 Ibbotson award winner, 1994 and 1997; and Gallery 44, attended University of Reading and Royal Aldeburgh, 1998. Solo exhibitions included Academy Schools, then returned to Lancashire and Compass Gallery, Glasgow, The Fool, 1994, and taught, some time at Blackpool College of Art. Precious Few Heroes, 1996; and Thackeray Between 1974–8 she taught at the School of Art Gallery, What Remains, 1999, and Moving, 2001. in Falmouth, Cornwall, where she settled. Was included 1989 Newlyn Orion Galleries exhibition Graham IBBESON 1951– Sculptor and draughtsman, A Century of Art in Cornwall 1889–1989, born in Barnsley, Yorkshire. Ibbeson studied at represented by the typically large landscape All Leicester Polytechnic, 1972–3, Trent Polytechnic, that Glitters, which took five years to complete. 1973–5, and at Royal College of Art, 1975–8, under Bernard Meadows. In 1977, while still at the Jill IBROM 1942– Artist in oil, egg tempera and College, he won Commonwealth Institute and watercolour, born in London, who studied at London Symphony Orchestra Commissions, in Watford College of Art, was a draughtswoman for 1978 gaining the Madame Tussaud Award for 10 years, then while bringing up her son found Figurative Art. Ibbeson’s realistic, painted more time to paint. The natural history artist John figurative sculptures were amusing with a strong Wilkinson was an influence, teaching her how to North Country bent. He showed at Nottingham use egg tempera. In 1982 was accepted by Medici Castle Museum in 1975, at Royal College of Art Society; she produced a series of nativities which Gallery in 1977 and in 1979 at Olanda Kelly they published, one a best-seller. Natura Designs Gallery, Chicago. By that time he was well and Polytint also published Ibrom’s work. At established as an exhibitor with the Nicholas various times was a member of Hesketh Hubbard Treadwell Gallery in Britain and extensively Art Society and Watford and Bushey Art Society. abroad in group shows, and later showed solo with Showed in mixed exhibitions at Medici and Mall Peter IBBETSON 1909–

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Galleries, Jane Marler Gallery in Ludlow and Barbican Centre. Had solo shows at Watford Central Library and Chapel Art Centre, Oswestry. Lived in Bushey, Hertfordshire.

School took him to see the Polish émigré artist Josef Herman at Ystradgynlais Ifold saw the direction that his work should take. After initial coolness about his portfolio, Herman later told Ifold’s mother that Cyril had great potential. Despite rejection by organisers of the RA Summer Exhibition, where Ifold’s grandfather Frederick Ifold had shown regularly in the mid-1800s, encouragement from his wife and from David Bell, curator of the Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea, prompted Cyril to continue painting after work in the pit. Few of his early pictures survive. Works that do show a range of influences, from seventeenth-century Dutch genre and still life paintings to Cézanne and the Futurists. After Ifold died during his first major solo show at Glynn Vivian, his widow withdrew work from sale and had it returned to their home in Seven Sisters, near Neath. His pictures were featured in Miner-Artists: The Art of Welsh Coal Workers, National Museum & Gallery, Cardiff, 2000.

Taiko ICHIKAWA 1967– Figurative artist who studied at Hastings College of Art and Technology, 1993– 4; University of East London, 1994–7; and the Royal Academy Schools, 1997–00, taking part in the final year show. Exhibitions also included Pleasance Theatre and RA Summer Exhibition, both 1999. Lived in Underbarrow, Kendal, Cambria, and London. Peter IDEN 1945– Painter, born an identical twin in

Shottermill, Surrey, who studied at West Sussex College of Art & Design, Worthing, 1962–4. Iden freelanced as a topographical watercolourist from 1967, but a serious illness in 1993 prompted him to give up commercial work to concentrate on oil painting, which he had taken up in 1992. He specialised in studies of the South Downs and was a member of the Society of Sussex Painters, Sussex Watercolour Society and the Society of Architectural and Industrial Artists. Showed regularly at RI until he turned to oils. Held many solo shows in Sussex, and in 1979 in Cambridge, and exhibited elsewhere in England and in Chartres, France. Worthing Art Gallery holds examples. From 1969 lived in Chichester, Sussex. Messum’s included Iden’s work in Around Two Thousand and Three, 2003, in 2004 giving him a major solo show. This revealed Iden’s indebtedness to recuperative walks across the West Sussex downland. Music was also an inspiration.

Painter and draughtsman who worked at the Yniscedwyn Colliery, Glamorgan, living nearby at Glanrhyd. Ifold’s father died when Cyril was eight and to help support the family he delivered newspapers and began picking coke at a tin-plate factory before joining a local colliery. Aged about 15, Ifold began until he was about 23 taking lessons in anatomy from Arthur Pawson, a retired art teacher. During World War II Ifold briefly studied with Alfred Janes at Swansea Art School. When a friend from the Cyril IFOLD 1922–1986

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Rudolph IHLEE 1883–1968 Painter and draughtsman, born in London. He was apprenticed to Ferranti as an engineer in 1902, but entered Slade School of Fine Art, 1906–10, where he proved a brilliant student, winning many prizes. After two solo shows at Carfax Gallery, 1912–14, Ihlee worked as an engineering draughtsman in Peterborough during World War I. The year after he became a member of NEAC, in 1921 Ihlee had a successful show at Leicester Galleries, but then settled in Collioure, in the south of France. Although he had a solo exhibition at Chenil Gallery in 1926, between the wars his life and exhibiting career was in France; his second wife, Isabelle, was French. He returned to England when World War II broke out, working in a factory in Leicester, settling eventually in West Deeping, Lincolnshire. He had a solo show at St Peter’s College Hall, Peterborough, with Arts Council support, in 1951, and another in Sleaford in 1968. There was a show seven years after he died at Rutland Sixth Form College, Oakham, then in 1978 a retrospective at Graves Art Gallery in Sheffield and Belgrave Gallery. Victoria & Albert Museum, Manchester City Art Gallery and Cecil

Higgins Art Gallery, Bedford, hold work. (The tape/slide installation, Cambridge Darkroom, family pronunciation of Ihlee is Eelay, although Cambridge, 1989; Gym Practice, photographic Ighly is common.) light works, Arts Depot, 1995; and Mostyn Open ll, video installation, Oriel Mostyn, Llandudno, Elizabeth IKIN 1948– Photomontage artist and 2000. Among solo exhibitions were Walking on teacher, born in Derby, who was inspired by a radio Letters, video installation, Placentia Arte, Galleria talk by the composer Michael Tippett to abandon Contemporanea, Piacenza, Italy, 2000, and Passing, a half-done philosophy degree for art. Ikin did a three-screen video and sound work, Hayward foundation course in art and design at Derby Gallery inside and outside, 2001. College of Art, 1972–3, then obtained a sculpture within fine art honours degree at Hull College of Bryan ILLSLEY 1937– Artist in wide range of media, Fine Art, 1973–6. Her teacher and mentor was the born in Surbiton, Surrey, whose output included sculptor Austin Wright; she was influenced by the gestural, abstract works, as in his shared show at land art movement; and began to investigate with Barrett Marsden Gallery in 1999. Illsley was an photography, having begun taking photographs apprentice stonemason, 1953; attended evening aged 10 with a box camera. Moved from black- classes at Kingston School of Art, 1954–7; moved and-white into colour 1976–7, then in the late 1990s to St Ives, Cornwall, 1963, and worked part-time from cut-and-paste to a computer to create her new at the Leach Pottery, 1964–6. During that time he landscapes and seascapes using shapes and forms, did some jewellery work with Breon O’Casey and patterns and colours. From 1982–5 Ikin was a from 1968–82 they were partners, after which visiting lecturer at art college departments of Illsley went solo. He contributed to numerous sculpture and photography/film; taught music, jewellery shows: at Arnolfini in Bristol, also at the 1986–94; was from 1994 education officer at Ewan Phillips, Pace and Electrum Galleries. Other Gainsborough’s House, Sudbury; from 1995 being exhibitions included Marjory Parr, St Ives and a freelance photography workshop tutor. Exhibited London, 1969–72; Patrick Seale Gallery, 1981–2; extensively from 1975, in 2000 having a 25-year Oxford Gallery, Oxford, 1981–3; Leeds City Art retrospective at Usher Gallery, Lincoln. Lived in Gallery, 1983; Chiltern Sculpture Trail, 1990–1; Suffolk. and Jamison Thomas Gallery, Portland, Oregon, 1991. Contemporary Art Society, Kettle’s Yard in Shona ILLINGWORTH 1966– Artist using a range Cambridge, Plymouth City Art Gallery and several of modern media who did a foundation course in education committees held examples. Lived in art and design, Goldsmiths’ College, 1985–6, London. graduating with first-class honours in fine art there, 1986–8. Awards included first prize, Onufri 99, John ILLSLEY 1949– Rock band musician and artist, International Art Exhibition, Tirana, Albania, and born in London, who early in the 1970s had to a London Arts Board Individual Artist Award, both choose between being a painter or musician. For 1999, in 2000 being nominated for the Paul Hamlyn 26 years commitment to music made painting and Awards for Artists. Her many residencies included drawing into a hobby after bass-player Illsley and Rosendale Odyssey, The Photographers’ Gallery, former journalist and teacher-turned-guitarist, 1996; High Definition: British Design for a Digital singer and songwriter Mark Knopfler met by Future, British Council, with Brazil and Far East chance, prompting formation of the group Dire tour, 1999; and Genes and Makeup, funded by Straits. In 1992, after Dire Straits’ last tour, Illsley Lighthouse, Brighton, shown at the Round House began painting full-time. Initially he worked from and Brighton Media Centre Gallery, Brighton, a garage in a mews house in west London, replaced 2000. Illingworth was also involved in projects in 1996 by a purpose-built studio in his Hampshire involving ex-offenders and political refugees. garden. Illsley was self-taught apart from two Group shows included From Moment to Moment, lessons from a painter friend, and worked in oil on 5

canvas. His first exhibition was at Torkington Gallery, Stamford, 1996, his second at Walton Contemporary Art Gallery, 1997. In 1999 he had a solo exhibition at Compton Cassey Gallery, Gloucestershire, which included him in its Middle East and Europe touring show Musicians as Artists.

and drawing at Diorama Arts, 1998–02. His figurative work, Western in style but including European and African symbolism, was included in 2002 Contemporary British Art at The Millinery Works, where he had a solo exhibition in 2003.

Pierre IMHOF 1956– Imhof graduated with honours

Tadeusz ILNICKI 1906–1993 Painter of simple, stylised figures, born on Kiernasowka Estate, Ukraine, educated in Tulczyn, Podole. From 1926– 7 he studied at the Fine Arts Polytechnic in Odessa, in 1929 being arrested by the Soviets and deported to work in forestry in the Archangielsk region. Ilnicki escaped on a Dutch ship to France where he was given political asylum, and from 1931–3 studied stained glass at the Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers, which would influence his later painting style. After moving back to Poland in 1933, in 1939 Ilnicki returned to Paris. There he joined the Polish Army, but on the fall of France he moved to England where he served with the 1st Armoured Division, participating in the liberation of western Europe. After demobilisation in 1947 Ilnicki settled in London, studying painting under Professor Marian Bohusz-Szyszko at the Polish School of Painting. Mixed exhibitions included Galerie Creuze, Paris, 1955; Walker’s Gallery, 1955; New Vision Centre Gallery, 1964; Drian Galleries, from 1964; and National Museum, Warsaw, 1978. Among his solo shows were Gallery One, 1954; Grabowski Gallery, 1959; and Drian Galleries, 1965 and 1967. In 1978 Ilnicki donated 40 paintings to the Polish National Gallery, Warsaw; Toruń University in Poland also holds his work.

Painter and teacher born to Nigerian parents in London, where he continued to live. From early on he was keen to paint and draw, but lacked parental support. Unable to afford private lessons or university tuition, between 1994– 8 was an attendant at the Tate and National Galleries, painting in his spare time. He completed an honours degree in fine art at Middlesex University in 2001, having achieved an art and design diploma, with merit and distinction, Chelsea School of Art, 1986–7. Ilumoka taught painting

from Middlesex Polytechnic, 1983–6, in the latter year having a solo show at Sec 52 Gallery, Zürich, Switzerland. There were other one-mans at Roevekamp Gallery, Zürich, in 1988 and at Sec 52 Gallery again in 1989. Group appearances included The Mansion House, 1986, and East End Open Studios, at Chisenhale Studios, 1989. This is the joint name adopted by the artists Pierre Imhof and Ingrid Kerma, as in Trans Encounter at Phoenix Gallery, Brighton, 2002.

IMKER–

Painter who studied at Derby College of Art and Central School of Art. He was strongly influenced by the work of the writer Thomas Hardy, the prehistoric culture and landscape of Wiltshire and Dorset. Myths such as Demeter and Persephone and The Paradise Garden were themes in Imms’ work. He won a number of awards, including Llewellyn Smith Scholarship and the Northern Arts Purchase Award. Had solo exhibitions at University of Stirling, 1974; Queen Mary College, London, 1976; Thomas Hardy Festival, Dorchester, 1978; Southwark Cathedral, 1981; Central Museum and Art Gallery, Northampton, 1983; and several at New Grafton Gallery from 1987. Victoria & Albert Museum holds his work.

David IMMS 1945–

Sax IMPEY 1969– Artist

Gbenga ILUMOKA 1967–

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using a variety of media, born in Penzance, Cornwall, who returned to the county in 1994, having gained an honours degree in fine art at Newport, 1988–91, from 1992–4 undertaking film, theatre and performance projects and travels in East Africa. In 1995 was elected a member of the Newlyn Society of Artists. In 1997 he was joint editor of the St Ives-based review Starts. Exhibitions included a solo at Plymouth Arts Centre Celtic Festival, 1996, and a shared one with Richard Nott, Common Ground, at The Book

Gallery, St Ives, 1998, where Impey showed abstracts dominated by vertical forms in which tone, grain and colour were important. Further oneman exhibitions at New Millennium Gallery, St Ives, 2002 and 2004.

Marjorie INCLEDON 1891– Painter and stained glass

Organisation set up in 1988 by Brenda Berman and Annet Stirling (see separate entries), who met while studying lettering with Berthold Wolpe at the City & Guilds of London Art School. Drawing on Berman’s previous training as a painter and Stirling’s as a graphic designer, Incisive Letterwork concentrated on large architectural inscriptions and word sculpture, creating imaginative works without the restraints of classical letter-cutting. In 1996, Incisive Letterwork’s partners won a Churchill Fellowship and travelled to Italy to study marble and Roman and Renaissance inscriptions. They showed widely in Britain, including Stone Words at Pentagram, Wolseley Fine Arts and tour in 2002. In 2000, a major solo exhibition of their work was held at Morley Gallery which toured to the Vardy Art Gallery, Sunderland. Berman and Stirling were both members of Letter Exchange.

Sculptor, printmaker and teacher, born in Christchurch, New Zealand, where he studied part-time at the local School of Art early in World War II. He obtained a sculpture diploma, studying under Lyndon Dadswell, at East Sydney Technical College, in Australia, 1946–8; moved to London and attended the Central School of Arts and Crafts with a RA grant, 1949; and was assistant to Henry Moore, 1950–3, whose work remained an influence on Ingham’s. While in England, Ingham showed at the first Australian Artists’ Association exhibition at the RWS Conduit Street gallery, 1953. He exhibited solo in London and extensively in Australia in the coming years. Returned to New Zealand in 1954, Ingham set up a bronze foundry, establishing a studio and settling in Sydney, New South Wales, 1956. He taught parttime at the National Art School there, and elsewhere. Ingham won the Mildura Prize for

designer who studied at Birmingham School of Art, 1911–14 and again 1941–2. Also studied at Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1917–18, and at Brighton College of Art with Dorothy Coke and Charles Knight, 1942–5. Exhibited RA, ROI, RBA Charles INCE 1875–1952 Prolific landscape painter and Society of Sussex Artists, signing her work and businessman, born in London where he ran with a monogram. Lived at Ditchling, Sussex. the printing and publishing firm Chas F Ince and Sons. He studied at King’s College and art with Harold ING 1900– Commercial artist who specialised the landscapist Henry Moon. He was a member of in marine pictures, born in London. Among RI and RBA, in which he held senior positions, commissioned work was that done for P&O Group and of Chelsea Arts Club. Also showed at ROI, and for Cable and Wireless. Member of Essex Art RWS, Fine Art Society, Goupil Gallery, Royal Club and showed in Home Counties. Lived at Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and elsewhere. Upminster, Middlesex. Lived latterly in Purbrook, Hampshire. Andrew INGAMELLS 1956– Painter and printmaker Peter INCHBALD 1919– Painter, notably of murals, who had a special interest in depicting buildings. born in London. After Winchester College he He studied at St Albans School of Art, 1975–6, studied at Oxford University, then at the Royal then London School of Printing, 1976–9. He Academy Schools, 1946–51. Sometimes signing exhibited at RA, at Blackman Harvey Gallery in his work P I, he showed at RA, LG, NEAC and 1989, in Architectural Views of Britain at CCA elsewhere. Some of his work was reproduced by Galleries, 1990, and in the same year in The Broad Shell-Mex and BP Ltd for advertising purposes. Horizon, at Agnew. In 1993–4 he shared an Inchbald completed a series of murals in England exhibition at Galerie Valerie, showing architectural and Northern Ireland, including Southwell Minster etchings, with a solo show at Grosvenor Gallery, in Nottinghamshire. Lived in London. 1994. Had a studio in London. INCISIVE LETTERWORK–

Alan INGHAM 1920–

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sculpture in 1964 and 1967 at the Mildura Art Gallery/Arts Centre. He carried out a series of large-scale commissions, clients including the Snowy Mountains Authority; Phoenix House, Sydney; and Australian Libraries Association. Auckland City Art Gallery in New Zealand holds his work.

and many other public collections in Britain and abroad. Ingham was a prodigiously talented and hardworking artist whose output followed on from the early Cubists. His declared aim was “to beg, borrow, consolidate and synthesise; to add even to the classical tradition of harmony and contained chance”. Bryan Ingham Prints, at Belgrave Gallery, St Ives, in 2003–4 demonstrated Ingham’s enormous creativity in that field. The Fine Art Society held an exhibition in 2006. For 25 years he lived at Jollytown, a remote and primitive cottage on the Lizard, Cornwall, with sustained periods in Germany. His wife, Ada (or Aysel) Ingham was a novelist, short story writer and poet whose books included The English Dream, 1998, the cover illustration a painting by Bryan.

Watercolourist and teacher, born in Skipton, Yorkshire. He joined the Royal Navy at an early age, specialised in hydrographic surveying and retired in 1965 as a lieutenant-commander. He founded the Hydrographic Society and lectured at London Polytechnic before becoming a full-time artist, settling in the Cotswolds. Painted that area, Cumbria, Yorkshire and Derbyshire with meticulous care, rather in the style of Victorian watercolourists. Showed with John Noott Twentieth Century in Broadway. Ingham’s pictures were also reproduced as prints, greetings cards and calendars; W H Smith used them for its 1990 Countryside Calendar. His book Under a Watercolour Sky, with an autobiographical introduction, was published in 1996, with a launch show at Phoenix Gallery, Selfridges. Alan INGHAM 1932–2002

Bryan INGHAM 1936–1997 Painter, sculptor, collagist and etcher, born George Bryan Ingham in Preston, Lancashire. He studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1957–61, with Frederick Gore and Archibald Ziegler, then Royal College of Art, 1961–4, under Carel Weight, with a stay at British Academy, Rome, 1966. An Italian Government Scholarship and a Leverhulme Postgraduate Research Award were won by Ingham. Group exhibitions included Lords Gallery from 1964; Wills Lane Gallery, St Ives and New Ashgate Gallery, Farnham, from 1976. Had a solo show at Graffiti Gallery, 1980, others in Germany, then a series at Francis Graham-Dixon Gallery from 1988. Showed at the Book Gallery, St Ives, in the 1990s. Department of the Environment, Dartington Hall and Ashgate Trusts and Print Collectors’ Club in Washington, America, commissioned Ingham, whose work is held by Arts Council, Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, Victoria & Albert Museum

Abstract painter, born and lived in London, where she continued to work. Studied at Ravensbourne College of Art, 1970–4, then Chelsea School of Art, 1974–5. Took part in many mixed exhibitions, including Stowells Trophy, 1974; LG from 1975; Air Gallery, 1976; Wapping Artists Open Studio Exhibition, 1980; 16 Artists at Battersea Arts Centre, 1982; and 9 Artists from Wapping British Tour, based at DLI Museum & Arts Centre, Durham, 1983. Arts Council and Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge, hold her work.

Gillian INGHAM 1951–

Charismatic gallery owner, artist and collector, notably of L S Lowry, who was a primary school teacher in Manchester where she studied in the evenings under Ian Grant at the local School of Art. From 1946–51 Ingham ran the Mid-Day Studios exhibition space in Mosley Street, which had previously been used by dealer Lucy Wertheim. It became an important gathering place for the Manchester Group and more advanced northern artists, some of whose works had been refused by MAFA. Ingham painted extensively abroad. She was married first to the local artist Ned Owens; she ran a gallery at her home in Rusholme; next was married to painter Geoffrey Lintott, living in Tunbridge Wells; her third husband being advertising executive Bert Drake. Died in Southport, Lancashire.

Margo INGHAM 1918–1978

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Mark INGHAM 1960– Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, installations artist and teacher, born in Trinidad, who did a foundation course at Cambridgeshire College of Arts and Technology, Cambridge, 1979–80; gained an honours degree in sculpture at Chelsea School of Art, 1980–3; and took the same subject for a higher diploma in fine art at Slade School of Fine Art, under Richard Deacon, 1983–5. From 1985–6, Ingham was Henry Moore Fellow at Camberwell School of Art. He was schools co-ordinator, Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1990–4; in 1995 began a doctorate on installations, making/teaching, London Consortium; and held a number of residencies. Ingham researched and made work dealing with the relationship between art and mathematics, and in 1997 worked for a time at Acland Burghley School on a mathematics project, part of the education and training programme of the Institute of International Visual Arts. Kingsway College and University of North London architecture department were among Ingham’s teaching venues. Group exhibitions included New Contemporaries (slide show), ICA, 1983; New British Sculptors, Air Gallery, 1986; and Whitechapel Open, Spitalfields Market, 1992. Solo exhibitions included Urban Constructs, Unit 7 Gallery, 1986. Lived in London.

the Keith Prize in 1975 and gained two Scottish Arts Council Awards. Showed in mixed exhibitions at RSW, of which he was a member from 1984, winning an award three years later; RSA; SSA; and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Had solo shows at Aberdeen Art Centre, Aberdeen University, Compass Gallery in Glasgow and Taurus Gallery, Skipton. Scottish Arts Council holds his work. Lived in Larbert, Stirlingshire.

Draughtsman, artist in oil on gesso ground on paper and teacher, born in Cornwall. She studied at Falmouth School of Art, 1970–1; Exeter College of Art and Design, 1971– 2; graduated in fine art with honours from Sheffield City Polytechnic, 1980–3; then gained her master’s degree in painting at Royal College of Art, 1984– 7, notable teachers there including especially Peter de Francia, also John Golding, Ken Kiff, Alan Miller and Jenny Durrant. In the mid-1980s Inglis won several awards, in 1985 being an exchange student to Athens Academy, Greece. In 1987–8 she gained a fellowship in painting at Gloucestershire College of Art & Design, from 1989 being a senior lecturer at Birmingham Polytechnic, and she was a visiting lecturer at many other centres. Inglis was a powerful draughtsman who said that her work was “figurative, as my concerns are essentially humanist … I use the autobiographical as a core and then incorporate myth, allegory, ritual and metaphor and literary association to enrich and extend the personal.” Inglis had a solo show at Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, in 1984. She also exhibited at Birch and Conran Gallery, 1987; Groucho Club, 1988; Ikon Gallery Touring Exhibition, Birmingham, and Paton Gallery, both 1991; and Victoria Art Gallery, Bath, 1992. In 1997, she shared an exhibition with Anita Taylor at MAC (Midlands Arts Centre), Birmingham. Sheffield and Birmingham City Art Galleries hold her work. Lived in Nailsworth, Gloucestershire.

Judy INGLIS 1952–2003

Jean INGLIS 1884–1959 Painter, born in Kensington.

Studied at the Slade School of Fine Art under Henry Tonks and Philip Wilson Steer. Painted landscapes widely in England. Exhibited RA, NEAC, RP, RSA and Paris Salon, where she gained an Hon. Mention in 1928. Took part in the Pilgrim Trust Recording Britain project and had work reproduced in La Revue Moderne and Scots Observer. She carried out government commissions to copy state portraits of HM King George V and Queen Mary. Sometimes just signed work Jean. Lived at Amberley, near Stroud, Gloucestershire. John INGLIS 1953– Painter and collage artist noted

for his often complex pictures based on memories of coast and landscape. Born in Glasgow, he studied at Gray’s School of Art, Aberdeen, 1970–5, and Patrick Allan-Fraser School of Art, Hospitalfield, Arbroath. Inglis won two travelling scholarships,

Reece INGRAM 1963– Sculptor in wood, stone, fur

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and feathers, and teacher, who trained as a taxidermist, 1980–1, at the Booth Museum of Natural History, Brighton, and Snowdonia Taxidermy Studios, Llanrust. After a foundation

course in art and design at Wrexham College of Art, 1981–2, Ingram gained an honours degree in fine art, sculpture, at Brighton Polytechnic, 1982– 5, then his master’s in site-specific sculpture at Wimbledon School of Art, 1990–1. Notable teachers at Brighton included James Tower, Peter Randall-Page and Anthony Gormley, and at Wimbledon, Lee Grandjean. In 1986 Ingram was assistant to Randall-Page. Teaching posts included Open College of the Arts, 1991–2. Ingram’s residencies included Booth Museum of Natural History, Brighton, 1988; Towner Art Gallery, Eastbourne, which holds his work, 1990; and The Beacon School, Crowborough, 1995. Group show included Insights, Arundel Gallery, 1991; Maidstone Library Gallery, 1993; and Rye Art Gallery, 1994. Later solo exhibitions included Hannah Peschar Gallery, Ockley, 1993. Among Ingram’s many commissions were Three Otters, Bourton Park, Buckingham, 1991; Whalebones, Herne Bay (winner of Rouse Award for public art), 1993; and The Garden of St Jerome, The Princess Alexandra Hospital, Harlow, 1995. Lived in Brighton, Sussex.

born in Vienna, Austria, as Heinz Inlander. Lived in Trieste, 1935–8. Settled in England 1938 and became a British subject in 1947. Attended St Martin’s School of Art, 1939–41, Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts part-time from 1945, becoming full-time in 1949. In 1950 went to the Slade School of Fine Art, where he won the summer composition prize, in 1952 a Rome Scholarship. First one-man show at Galleria La Tartaruga, Rome in 1953, his first in London being at Leicester Galleries in 1956. Awarded Premio Acitrezza, Sicily, 1958, and a Harkness Commonwealth Fellowship to America in 1960–61. Taught at Camberwell 1957–79 and had many group and one-man shows in Britain and abroad. Tate Gallery, Contemporary Art Society, Arts Council, provincial and overseas galleries hold his work. Lived in London.

Painter and designer, born in Scotland, who studied at both the Hornsey and Royal Colleges of Art. From 1976–80 he was a freelance textile designer, selling in America and Paris, clients including Yves St Laurent and Daniel Hechter. In 1978 Innes began painting, mixed shows including the RA Summer Exhibition, Whitechapel Open and Cadogan Gallery. Won a prize in the RA Christmas card competition in 1987, the following year being commissioned to design one for the Musicians’ Benevolent Fund. Was also commissioned to paint a mural for the Malaysian government. Innes had his first solo show at Axis Gallery, Brighton, then a series at Mainhill Gallery, Ancrum. Painting locations included Scotland, St Ives in Cornwall and Provence, France. Brian INNES 1952–

Don INKERSOLE 1946– Artist and teacher, born in Colchester, Essex, where he studied at the School of Art, 1963–4, then at Maidstone College of Art, 1967–70, teachers including Norman Stevens, David Hockney, David Oxtoby and Stuart Brisley. He taught at Amersham School of Art, 1985–6. Inkersole considered himself “in the Constable tradition, although strongly informed by modern and contemporary painters from Hopper to Auerbach and, of course, Impressionism”. He was ���motivated to paint because of the intensity of life” and “related to Constable’s feeling of being overpowered by nature while sitting in the corner of a large field.” Inkersole participated in a number of shows in London, the home counties and East Anglia throughout the 1970s and 1980s, had a solo exhibition at the Upper Street Gallery and also sold through Waterman’s of St James’s and Lawrence Churchill Fine Art. A number of his pictures hung in stately homes around Britain.

Artist and teacher, born and lived in Edinburgh, who studied in Aberdeen. Innes’ early canvases were figurative. Then he painted abstract works tending towards Minimalism, although he still saw his pictures “as having a figurative element”. Was included in the British Art Show, 1990; Kunst Europa – Kunstverein Freiburg, Germany, and Artisti Invitatial Premio Internationale, Milan, Rome, Henry INLANDER 1925–1983 Painter and teacher, London and America, 1991; and New Voices, a Callum INNES 1962–

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British Council Exhibition, Brussels, 1992. Innes’ solo shows included Frith Street Gallery from 1990; Jan Turner Gallery, Los Angeles, 1990; Gallery Patrick de Brock, Belgium, 1991; ICA, 1992; and Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, 1992–3. Won the NatWest Art Prize, 1998, and Jerwood Painting Prize, 2002. In 2005 Tate St Ives held an exhibition, Resonance, which included a range of works from Innes’s Exposed Paintings series that the gallery had commissioned. Innes was then teaching in the fine art school at Glasgow School of Art.

Group. Lived in Carshalton, Surrey.

David INSHAW 1943– Painter and teacher, born in Staffordshire, of idyllic landscapes depicted with much atmosphere and in minute detail. He studied at Beckenham School of Art, 1959–63 then Royal Academy Schools, 1963–6, a French Government Scholarship in 1964 enabling him to work in Paris. In 1966 Inshaw organised Young Contemporaries show, the year he began teaching at West of England College of Art, in Bristol, a position he held until 1975, when he joined Trinity College, Cambridge. Inshaw had first one-man show at Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, where he had moved, in 1969, with another at Dartington Hall, in Devon. Three years later with Graham and Ann Arnold he formed the Broad Heath Brotherhood, and this trio with four others went on to create The Brotherhood of Ruralists in 1975. In that year Inshaw had a solo show with Waddington Galleries, which went on to represent him. In John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool, 1991–2, Inshaw was represented by Portrait of Silbury Hill: May 1989. Inshaw’s exhibition Moments of Vision (Between Fantasy and Reality) was at Agnew in 2004. Arts Council holds his work.

George INNES 1913–1970 Sculptor, born in Glasgow

who studied for four years at School of Art there, in 1936 showing at McLellan Galleries. Two years later he showed stone figures at Glasgow Empire Exhibition. After damage to his hands sustained in the Army in World War II Innes found it hard to carve, so produced little work on return to civilian life. This was doubly regrettable. His postWorld War II sculpture took an exciting turn with the adoption of Pre-Colombian monumentality combined with cube-like forms. Kirkcaldy Museum and Art Gallery’s Seated Figure, in white sandstone, is a prime example. Innes’ final years saw his reputation diminish to obscurity, although he was featured in Scottish National Gallery of John Henry INSKIP fl. from c.1885–1947 Landscape Modern Art’s Scottish Art since 1900 show in painter who also completed some interiors, born and lived in Scarborough, Yorkshire. He was a 1989–90, and tour. member of RBA and Fylingdales Group, also William INNES 1905–1999 Artist in oil and pastel, showing with RA, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool born and lived in London. He painted from the and ROI. Sussex Cottages and The Bridge at time he was a child and first showed when with Brandon were among his notable works. Rochdale Royal Air Force during World War II. Innes was Corporation acquired views of Whitstable and a painter of seascapes and landscapes and was Walmer. “particularly interested in the effects of light on water”. He was a member of PS and UA, also Christopher INSOLL 1956– Representational painter, exhibiting with RA, NEAC, ROI and elsewhere, gallery owner and teacher, full name Robert having several solo shows in London. Local Christopher Insoll, who trained and was articled as an accountant. Then studied art at Chelsea, authorities held his work. 1978–9, and Falmouth, 1979–82, Schools of Art, Innott 1899– Flower painter in oil, born in London, gaining an honours degree, during 1981 being an whose full name was Alfred Richard Innott Barnes. exchange student at Camberwell School of Art. He Studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, was offered his master’s at Sussex University in 1910, with J Harvey Bloom. Exhibited RA, 1983, but chose to settle in Cornwall as a full-time Croydon Art Society and Contemporary Arts artist. In 1985 Insoll started the Artists’ Co11

oil pastel of the Norfolk coast, where he settled. Inwood served in the Royal Navy, 1944–7, then attended Central School of Dramatic Art, 1948; Salisbury School of Art, 1948–52; Bournemouth Municipal College of Art, gaining his National Diploma in Design, 1953; and his teaching diploma from Southampton University, 1954. Additional studies took place at Académie de la Grande Chaumière, Paris, 1958, and at the Kokoschka School of Vision, Salzburg. Taught at Blandford Secondary Modern School, 1957; Milton Abbey School, 1961; was assistant head, Whatcombe House School for maladjusted teenage boys, 1963; Shiplake College, 1966; and Reading Technical and College of Art, 1976. Showed regularly through his career, including the RA Summer Exhibition, Luton Museum and Art Gallery, The School House Gallery at Wighton and Lena Boyle Jeff INSTONE 1941– Artist notable as a draughtsman, Fine Art. who was featured in Woodlands Art Gallery 1981– 2 touring show of Greater London Arts Association Ionicus 1913–1998 Illustrator, painter and teacher, award winners. Also exhibited at Summer Show born and lived in Hoylake, Cheshire, real name 2, Serpentine Gallery, 1976, House Gallery in 1979, Joshua Charles Armitage. He studied at Liverpool Riverside Studios in 1980 and Galeria School of Art, 1929–36, then taught for almost 15 Akumulatory 2 Poznan, Poland, 1981. years apart from Royal Naval service during World War II. His teachers included Will Penn. For a time Danny INWARDS 1963– Sculptor and draughtsman, after the war he was on the staff of Wallasey School born in London, who attended St Martin’s School of Art. Exhibited RA, RCamA and elsewhere in of Art, 1981–4, and the Royal College of Art, 1984– the provinces. From the early 1940s Armitage 7. His exhibitions included Brinkley’s Gallery, with contributed to Punch magazine, also doing Rob Ryan, 1987; World Mind, St Martin-in-the- humorous drawings for Lilliput, Radio Times and Fields, with Damian Le Bas, 1991; Galleria Financial Times. Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, holds Burgess, Madrid, Spain, 1991; Come and Live, his work. Illustrated a number of books, especially Conway Hall, 1992; There are some things that humorous titles such as R G G Price’s How to are wright and there are some things that are wrong, Become a Headmaster, 1960, Ogden Nash’s The Kunst Kigk Huise, Eindhoven, Netherlands, 1993; Untold Adventures of Santa Claus, 1965, and Turbulence, Heritage Centre, 1994; Metro Institute several dozen titles by P G Wodehouse. President of Fine Art, 1995; Cat and Crossbones Gallery, of Deeside Art Group. New York City, America, 1997; and Fresh Art, Islington, 2003. Among Inwards’s solo shows were Anne IRBY CREWS 1927– Versatile printmaker, Broomhill Sculpture Park, Devon, 1998; Mangle watercolourist, teacher, maker of garden sculpture Gallery, 2001; and Interpretation!, Chappel in stoneware and terracotta who was born in Sandgate, Kent. She was at the Central and Galleries, Chappel, 2005. Camberwells Schools of Art at various times Derek INWOOD 1925– Painter, draughtsman and between 1946–51, teachers including Rodrigo teacher, for whom colour was “the language of Moynihan, Claude Rogers, Richard Eurich and painting”, producing brightly coloured scenes in William Roberts. She gained a diploma in operative and Gallery in Portscatho, where he lived. He took part in many mixed shows, including RWA; Osborne Studio, Alberti, Catto and Llewellyn Alexander Galleries; Penzance Art Club, Penwith Society of Arts and Newlyn Art Gallery, Cornwall; and on the continent, including Paris Salon, in 1992 being a prize winner at La Fédération Nationale de la Culture Française, Deauville. Had a major solo exhibition, Paintings about Painting, at Falmouth Art Gallery in 2001. Insoll was a Chelsea Arts Club member. In 2004, The First 20 Years, at The Osborne Studio Gallery, was an exhibition of recent work by the Portscatho Painters. Chris Insoll’s book Portscatho – Portrait of a Cornish Art Colony, lavishly illustrated with the work of many associated artists, appeared in 2006.

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printmaking from Leamington Art School in 1990. Irby Crews was engaged in film and theatre work for some years and taught, including King Edward’s School in Handsworth and at Solihull College of Technology. She was interested in “the visible and invisible world … landscapes, and interiors of quiet, sacred and haunted places”. She illustrated Solid Citizens, the study of public sculpture in Birmingham, 1983, and took part in workshops at Hereford and Dudley Museums, Lancaster Polytechnic and Birmingham University. Irby Crews was a member of the Birmingham Print Workshop and Birmingham Artists’ Group as well as LG. Showed in RA Summer Exhibition, RCamA, and widely in the West Midlands. Solo shows included Birmingham University, Midland Arts Centre in Birmingham and Harlequin Gallery, Sutton Coldfield, 1992. Leicester University and Worcester Museum and Art Gallery hold examples. Lived in Edgbaston, Birmingham.

time tutor in adult education. He was a member of the High Peak Artists’ and Craftworkers’ Association. Exhibitions included the Stowells Trophy Exhibition, where he was a prize winner, and RA Summer Exhibition, both 1972; from 1985, when he won the Chris Beetles Award, at the RWS Open; from 1998 at the Derbyshire Open, winning prizes in six years from 1999–05; Hunting Art Prizes and Laing Landscape Award Exhibitions, both 2000; RI Open, 2001; Leeds Design Innovation Centre, 2002; Blue Moon Café, Sheffield, 2003; and Solomon’s Bistro, Buxton, 2005. West Riding of Yorkshire Education Authority, the Nuffield Trust and Derbyshire County Council hold examples. Helen IRELAND 1961– Painter who attended Central

School of Art and Design, 1982–5, then gained her master’s degree at Chelsea School of Art, 1986. She was involved in many group shows, including Warwick Arts Trust, 1986–7, Axiom Gallery in Sydney Joseph IREDALE 1896–1967 Painter, born and Cheltenham and the Royal Over-Seas League lived in London, son of the scenic artist Henry annual exhibition, and she also participated in Iredale. Studied at Richmond School of Art, 1915, (dis)parties, held at Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, under T M Smith. Exhibited RA, LG, RI, ROI, PS in 1992 and in 1993 at Herbert Art Gallery, and Richmond Art Circle, of which he was a Coventry. In 1990 she shared a show with Mary Mclean at Pomeroy Purdy Gallery. Pattern was a member. strong element in Ireland’s work, and Indian David IRELAND 1946– Artist who mainly used miniatures, Aboriginal bark paintings and English water-based paints on paper, whose work was tapestries were cited as parallels. Lived in London. “based on the Derbyshire Peak District landscape, particularly the northern ‘Dark Peak’” (peat James IRELAND 1977– Artist, living and working plateaux of Kinder Scout and Bleaklow). He was in Liverpool, who attended Ruskin School of Fine born in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, and was based Art, Oxford, 1996–9. Ireland made sculptural at Brimington. Ireland studied at Sheffield College objects and installations using everyday items of of Art and Design, 1967–70, taught by Brian household furniture and hardware juxtaposed with Peacock, Terry Lee, Paul Curtis and Bill Beech; landscape images culled from magazines, picture at the Royal College of Art painting school, 1970– books and tourist guides. At times this combination 3, under Carel Weight and Roger de Grey, the critic created an allusive and wistful scene which, while Brian Sewell buying a sketch-book from his degree offering an escape, could frustrate because of the show; and Leeds University, 1974–5, for his art fragility of the illusion. Ireland won an Acid Fund teacher’s certificate. In 1968–9 Ireland won the Portfolio Development Award in 2000. Exhibitions David Murray Studentship in landscape painting, included Big Warm Open, Cambridge Darkroom awarded by the RA, in 1973 the Andrew K Lloyd Gallery, 1999; How we built the world, Hanover Scholarship in landscape painting, from the Royal Galleries, Liverpool, which he curated, 2000; College. From 1975–97 Ireland was an art teacher Double Take, Aspex Gallery, Portsmouth, 2001; in secondary/comprehensive schools, then a part- and Unscene, Gasworks Gallery, 2002. In that year 13

became assistant keeper at the Tate Gallery, 1937– 46, then Contemporary Art Society assistant secretary. Self-taught painter, often of Surrealist pictures, who shared a show with his brother Christopher at Redfern Gallery in 1944, having an initial one-man show at Durlacher Brothers in New York eight years later. Also showed at Hanover and Arthur Jeffress Galleries. Tate Gallery and Leicester City Art Gallery hold his work. While painting, Ironside was developing parallel careers as a stage designer and writer on art. He designed for Sylvia at Covent Garden in 1952 and A Midsummer Night’s Dream at the 1957 Edinburgh Festival. As well as writing for periodicals such as Horizon, Ironside wrote the short survey of Painting Since 1939, published in 1947, a good introduction to the Neo-Romantic movement; other books include Wilson Steer, 1944, and David Jones, 1949. Retrospective New Art Centre, 1966. Robin Ironside’s niece Virginia’s amusing London Magazine memoir appeared in August/September 1998.

f a projects held its first solo show of Ireland’s work, shortly after he completed a residency at La Friche, Marseilles, France, and prior to his making a major room installation at the Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool. Spike Island, Bristol, featured Ireland’s work in 2003. Mary IRELAND 1891– Watercolour painter, stained glass artist, fabric designer, illuminator and writer. Born at Stockingford, Warwickshire, she went on to exhibit at the RA and elsewhere. Dover Town Hall, Bruges Cathedral, in Belgium, and various churches contain her work, such as altarpieces and reredos decorations. Lived at Folkestone, Kent.

Christopher IRONSIDE 1913–1992 Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, designer and teacher who studied at Central School of Arts and Crafts. During World War II he served in the Directorate of Camouflage and worked for the Air Ministry in Leamington Spa. After the war Ironside, a sociable, flamboyant character, worked for the Ministry of Town and Country Planning, then as education officer for the Council of Industrial Design, 1946–8. Taught at Maidstone School of Art and Royal College of Art. Ironside was a painterly painter who shared two exhibitions with his brother, Robin Ironside, at Redfern Gallery in 1944 and Arthur Jeffress in 1960. Also with Robin he collaborated on theatrical designs and postage stamps, including Frederick Ashton’s production of the ballet Sylvia for Sadler’s Wells Ballet at Covent Garden in 1952 and one of the 1964 Shakespeare commemoration issues. Ironside also did much of the designing of decorations for Pall Mall for the Coronation in 1953; designed the obverse side of Britain’s decimal coinage; new coinage for Tanzania, Brunei, Qatar, Dubai and Singapore; and the memorial for the Earl and Countess Mountbatten in Westminster Abbey. His first wife was the fashion designer and teacher Janey Ironside, their daughter being the journalist Virginia. Died in Winchester, Hampshire.

Robin IRONSIDE 1912–1965 Painter, theatre designer and writer on art, born and lived in London, studied at Courtauld Institute of Art and overseas. Ironside

Albert IRVIN 1922– Painter, printmaker and teacher,

born London, which remained his base. Studied at Northampton School of Art, 1940–1, and after five years in Royal Air Force studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art. Irvin taught for some years from 1960, including Hornsey College of Art, Goldsmiths’ College, 1962–83, and gave lessons in Wandsworth Prison. He had his first one-man show at 57 Gallery, Edinburgh, in 1960, and from 1961 held a series at New Art Centre. In 1968 he won an Arts Council Travel Award to America, seven years later gaining an Arts Council Major Award. Also exhibited with LG; had a number of solo exhibitions in Germany; and with Gimpel Fils. In 1990 a retrospective of his paintings, 1960–89, was shown at Serpentine Gallery. There were eightieth-birthday shows at Gimpels Fils and Advanced Graphics London in 2002. Arts Council and other important public collections hold his work, which was abstract, brightly coloured and showed a joy in the manipulation of paint. Irvin was elected RA in 1998. 14

Magnus IRVIN 1952– Enterprising artist and writer,

born and lived in London, who attended Hornsey Art College, 1969–70, and Walthamstow Art College, 1970–3. From 1975 he was editor of the Daily Twit newspaper, from 1980 worked as a scenic artist to theatres, films and television. Irvin was a member of the RE from 1997 and in 2002 founded the Department of Reconstructive Archaeology (DORA), of which he was a joint director with Alastair Brotchie; this was autonomous within the London Institute of Pataphysics (LIP), formed the year before. DORA was “dedicated to the reconstruction of lost or forgotten artefacts and applies itself to the representation of these.” One offshoot was the Anthony Hancock Retrospective Exhibition, at The Foundry Gallery, 2002, a complete reconstruction of all paintings and sculptures from Hancock’s 1960 film The Rebel. Irvin’s own many public commissions and workshops included a mural at Jack Ashley School, 1984; a rain forest mural with Duncombe Junior School, 1991; cement hillside images of aircraft, Tunstall Western Bypass, Stokeon-Trent, 1996; and a playground mosaic at Hampstead Parochial School, 2000. Among Irvin’s public performances were Vache Folle, outside Galerie Avivson, Paris, “to celebrate British beef,” 2001. Took part in numerous group exhibitions, solo show including Barbican Centre, 1987; Redfern Gallery, 1988; Mostyn Gallery, Llandudno, 1989; Art Space Gallery, 1990; Janus Avivson Gallery, from 1991; Fallen Angel Gallery, 1996; and 25 Years of the Daily Twit, Original Gallery, 2000. Among his books were Bananas at War, 1999, and Bananas + Fleas, 2000, both published by Banana Books. Arts Council, Victoria & Albert Museum, British Museum and Imperial War Museum hold examples.

who was born in Dublin where a bachelor’s degree was obtained at the National College of Art and Design, 1984–9, with a master’s at Goldsmiths’ College, 1992–4. Group shows included Emerging Artists Exhibitions, Dublin, 1991; Sonsbeek International, collaboration with Blue Funk, Arnhem, 1993; The Curator’s Egg, Anthony Reynolds Gallery, 1994;

and in 1995 a show at Project Art Centre in Dublin and submission Star (a three-minute film projection) at Venice Biennale. Had a solo show Margaret Again at Anthony Wilkinson Fine Art, 1995. Lived in London. Olivia IRVINE 1960– Artist

and teacher producing abstract work such as Update, oil on canvas, at Royal Over-Seas League Open, 1994. Born in Kilwinning, Ayr, Irvine studied medicine at Aberdeen University, then attended Edinburgh College of Art and Les Beaux-Arts de Montpellier, France. Taught widely, including privately in Edinburgh and as a visitor at Winchester School of Art. Awards included Stuart Prize at RSA, 1986; Spanish Government Scholarship, 1987; a Scottish Arts Council Small Assistance Grant, 1989; and the Hope Scott Trust Award, 1992. Took part in many mixed shows, including The New Generation in Scotland, Mercury Gallery, Edinburgh, and tour, 1985–6; Chicago International Art Exposition, in America, 1988–9; Modern Masters, City Arts Centre, Edinburgh, 1992; and Solitude and Isolation, Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh, 1993. Scottish Arts Council; Paintings in Hospitals, Scotland; BBC Scotland; and Eastern General Hospital, Edinburgh, hold examples. Robert Scott IRVINE 1906–1988 Watercolour painter

Jaki IRVINE 1966– Artist

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and teacher, son of an art teacher, Robert Irvine. He was born in Edinburgh, where he settled, studying at the local College of Art, 1922–7. Eventually became principal art master at George Watson’s College and was a member of the Scottish Arts Club, being its president in the early 1950s. Showed with RSW of which he was a member, SSA and in North America. Had several solo exhibitions in Edinburgh, including Scottish Arts Club in 1978. Aberdeen and Dundee Art Galleries hold his work as does the RSA and several other public collections. There were many influences on the work of Irvine, including Edward Bawden, John Sell Cotman, John and Paul Nash, S J Peploe, Eric Ravilious and Francis Towne. Irvine, affectionately known as Otto, was one of the first hill climb rally drivers to race competitively, including Turnberry and Silverstone into the 1950s,

at the latter driving the OttoCart, which he designed Museum and Art Gallery and Department of the and built with his friend J Cartwright. After his Environment hold examples. Elected Senior RA, death, his film-maker son Henry Scott-Irvine set 1996. Lived in Meopham, Kent. up a website in his memory. Gwyther IRWIN 1931– Painter, designer, collagist, Laurence IRVING 1897–1988 Painter, stage and film relief artist and teacher who worked in a variety designer, theatrical producer, book illustrator and of materials, born in Basingstoke, Hampshire, but writer, son of the actor and writer H B Irving. Born spent his youth in north Cornwall. He attended in London. During World War I served in Royal Bryanston School, where he was taught by Roger Naval Air Service and won the Croix de Guerre. Hilton. For several years in the mid-1950s he Studied at Byam Shaw School of Drawing and studied illustration at Goldsmiths’ College School Painting, 1919, and Royal Academy Schools. In of Art and design at Central School of Arts and 1928 helped with production of John Masefield’s Crafts, 1951–4, having first solo show at Gallery play The Coming of Christ in Canterbury One in 1957. This was followed in 1958 with a Cathedral; about the same time worked with one-man show at ICA, followed by a string of Douglas Fairbanks Senior on the classic films The shows at Gimpel Fils during 1960s. Also went on Man in the Iron Mask and The Taming of the Shrew, to exhibit at Marlborough Fine Art, New Art Centre with Mary Pickford. There were 50 major film and and abroad. Irwin was involved in many important stage production designs over the next 40 years. group shows, among them Situation, RBA Gallery, There were also over 40 stage productions, and the Paris Biennale, both 1960; The Art of including Hamlet and The Good Companions. In Assemblage, Museum of Modern Art in New York, 1951 published a biography of his grandfather the 1961; Situation, Arts Council, and British Painting noted actor-manager Sir Henry Irving. A series of in the Sixties, Whitechapel Art Gallery and tour, volumes – The Successors, The Precarious Crust, both 1963; XXXII Venice Biennale, from which Great Interruption and Abiding Curiosity – later Peggy Guggenheim bought work, 1964; Recent appeared on his family and life. He exhibited at British Painting, Tate Gallery, 1967; Contemporary Fine Art Society, Agnew, RA, Royal Glasgow British Painting, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Institute of the Fine Arts and Barton Art Gallery, Buffalo, America, 1974; Three Decades of Artists, Tenterden, 1987. Books illustrated, often black- RA, 1983; LG and RA Summer Exhibition, both and-white with sharp contrasts, included his own 1987; and 20th Century British Painting, Redfern Windmills and Waterways, 1927; Joseph Conrad’s Gallery, 1993. In 1965 gained commission for basThe Mirror of the Sea, 1935; and Richard Church’s relief in Portland Stone for British Petroleum. Held Dog Toby, 1953. He had strong associations with series of teaching posts at Hornsey College of Art, many bodies concerned with advancing the theatre. Chelsea School of Art and Brighton Polytechnic, Lived at Wittersham, Kent. from which he retired as head of fine art in 1984, after 15 years there. Irwin said that he “wrote” his Flavia IRWIN fl. from 1940s– Artist and teacher, born pictures, the equivalent of Persian carpets with in London, who studied at Chelsea School of Art their own iconography. By the late 1980s the with Henry Moore and Graham Sutherland and at collage studies from which he started each work Ruskin School of Drawing in Oxford. She was were composed almost entirely from his own art, married to the painter Roger de Grey. She worked colour prints of recent paintings being cut into as a freelance designer and later became senior strips and recomposed, sometimes rephotographed lecturer and head of department of decorative arts and recut, shredded into overlaid fragments. The at City and Guilds of London School of Art. Group outcome was rich geometrical abstracts, vibrant shows included Zwemmer Gallery, RA Summer with colour. Irwin’s later solo shows included a Exhibitions, RWA, Curwen and Phoenix Galleries. retrospective at Gimpel Fils, 1987; The Gallery at Had a solo show at Ansdell Gallery. Carlisle City 16

John Jones, 1992; Redfern Gallery, 1994; The Royal Cornwall Museum, Truro, 1995; and RWA and tour, 1996. Redfern Gallery showed early work in 2006. Tate Gallery and Arts Council hold examples. Irwin lived in south London and latterly suffered from Alzheimer’s Disease.

shown at Art Basel Miami Beach, 2003. Had a solo installation The Diary of a Loner at Chapter Arts Centre, Cardiff, 1999; other shows including, in 2002, Voices from the id at Beaconsfield, Dumb planets are round too, VTO, and Feigen Contemporary, New York; and in 2004, Museum 52. There, Isaacs showed a monumental turd, of Bert ISAAC 1923–2006 Painter, printmaker and which he said: “I was looking at the idea of illustrator, especially of landscape, and teacher. He unification and finding a point of structure where was born in Cardiff where he attended the College people are the same”. Lived in London. of Art. Then started a teaching career that took him to a number of schools and colleges in Wales and Jacques ISELIN 1933– Painter and teacher, born in England, including heading the art department at France, who studied at L’École Nationale Battersea College of Education. Was elected RWA Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris, settling in in 1994, at various times being a member of Society England in 1956. Iselin taught at the Lycée Français of Industrial Artists, WSW and The Welsh Group. in London. His painting The Elements of the Holy Had many solo exhibitions including Howard Communion, rich in colour and symbolism and Roberts Gallery in Cardiff, Richmond Hill Gallery slightly abstracted, was commissioned for The in Surrey, Jablonski Gallery, University of Methodist Church Collection and completed in Birmingham, and public galleries in Lincoln and 1963. Hull, in 1992 having a retrospective of paintings and prints at Circle Gallery, Pontypridd, with James Lawrence ISHERWOOD 1917–1988 Painter who another at Brecknock Museum, Brecon, 1996. was born and lived in Wigan, Lancashire, where Took part in extensive mixed shows, including he ran The Isherwood Gallery. He studied at the Leicester Galleries, RA, SEA, SWG, WAC and local Technical College, 1934–53. Isherwood National Eisteddfod of Wales, where he shared the travelled extensively and had over 200 shows, Gold Medal for Painting in 1989. Also showed at including colleges at Oxford and Cambridge Hill Court Gallery, Abergavenny, run by his wife Universities. He painted a number of celebrities, Joan, where he was latterly artist-in-residence. including the singer Gracie Fields, the round-theIllustrated several books, including his own The world yachtsman Sir Francis Chichester and Lord Landscape Within, 1992. National Museum of and Lady Weymouth. Some portraits were issued Wales in Cardiff, CASW, the Universities of in signed, limited editions. Churchill and Pembroke Oxford and London hold examples. In 1997, Isaac Colleges in Cambridge hold his work. Isherwood was elected an Hon. Artist Member of the RCamA. was an eccentric, controversial character whose work was uneven, often garish and awkward, but Lived in Abergavenny, Gwent. who could occasionally produce a telling image, John ISAACS 1968– Sculptor, born in Lancaster, as seen when a large body of it was included in who studied for a science degree in biology at The Northern Art Show, Mall Galleries, 1994. In Exeter University, 1987–8; obtained a fine art 1998, Isherwood’s family held a sell-out memorial degree from Cheltenham College of Art, 1988–91; show in Wigan Town Hall. The Scarisbrook Hotel, and his master’s in sculpture at Slade School of Southport, where the artist temporarily lived after Fine Art, 1991–3. Isaacs was a fan of science fiction a fire at his Wigan home, has an Isherwood function whose work superficially could appear amusing room and suite decorated with his prints. but had more serious implications, as seen at Young FarmiloFiumano put on a retrospective show in British Artists VI, Saatchi Gallery, 1996. Some of 2004. his pieces were not for the faint-hearted, such as his Today I started loving, a realistic severed leg, Timur ISKHAKOV 1968– Painter of stylised and 17

then taught painting and sculpture at a grammar school in Dorset until turning freelance in 1973. Became a member of the Society of Equestrian Artists and American Academy of Equine Art. Took part in group shows at Osborne and Tryon Galleries and Rubicon Studios, having solo exhibitions at Michael Stewart and Equus Art Galleries and in America at Klausner/Cooperage Gallery. Won many awards in Britain and America. Commissions included a painting of the Grand Military Gold Cup for the officers’ mess of the Household Cavalry and a large-format calendar of 13 pictures for Spillers UK Ltd. Kentucky Derby Museum holds his work. Lived in Baltonsborough, Somerset.

poetic figurative works, with an icon-like quality, born in Moscow, Russia. Studied at Republican College of Art, Tashkent, 1983–7, then made postgraduate studies at Royal Academy Schools, London, 1993–6, gaining the Jack Goldhill Scholarship, and the A T Kearney Prize in his degree show. Showed with Atrium Gallery, 1991, and Art Moderne Gallery, 1992, both Moscow, also at Cadogan Contemporary from 1992, Bruton Street Gallery, 1994, and RA Summer Exhibition from 1994, then winning the Guinness Prize for First Time Exhibitor. Also exhibited in France and America. Showed solo with Cadogan Contemporary from 1996. Lived in London. Artist using film and video multi-projection installation, born in Dacca in what is now Bangladesh. Studied at Manchester, Middlesex and the Rijsakademie, Amsterdam. The installation Tuin was included in East International, Norwich School of Art & Design, 1999. Islam was also included in Hayward Gallery tour The British Art Show 5, 2000–1. Lived in London.

Painter, singer and teacher who studied at West Ham Municipal College of Art and the Royal Academy Schools. Israel sang opera at Covent Garden and taught art, but did not push himself to exhibit. Among galleries where he showed were The Camel Art Studio, Kingston Hill Gallery, Trinity Gallery, Arundel, and Parkshot House. The New Grafton Gallery latterly promoted his work, in 2005 including it in Still Lifes and Sketchbooks.

Runa ISLAM 1970–

George ISRAEL 1914–2004

Diane Bruce ISMAY 1932–1983 Painter, sculptor and

muralist, born in London. Her father was George Bruce Ismay, her mother Florence Edrington Ismay, of Fort Worth, Texas (Diane’s paternal greatgrandfather, Thomas Henry Ismay, founded White Star Line, which built the liner Titanic). Diane graduated from Arlington Heights High School and then attended Finch College, New York; the Slade School of Fine Art for periods between 1953– 8, when she was taught sculpture by Professor A H Gerrard, who carried out a number of important commissions for the Ismay family; and at the Royal College of Art. Socially she made her début at The Assembly Ball, Fort Worth, in 1952, and in 1953 at the Court of St James’s; and had a solo exhibition at Fort Worth Art Museum in 1961. Miss Ismay maintained a house and studio in America at Aledo, where she lived for part of each year, and had a farm in Wales, where she died.

Graham ISOM 1945– Painter in oil and lithographer, and teacher, specialising in equine art, born in Kent. Studied at Ravensbourne College of Art, 1960–5,

Milan IVANIČ 1947– Painter in oil on canvas,

mainly of landscape, born in Czechoslovakia, who studied at Prague’s Academy of Fine Arts, 1967– 70, then moved to England, settling in Lancaster. Exhibited in mixed shows at Ash Barn Gallery, Petersfield; Terrace Gallery, Worthing, New Ashgate Gallery, Farnham; and Cowfold Gallery, Cowfold. Solo shows included Keele University; Aston Arts Centre, Birmingham; Wolfson College, Oxford, and Clyde Bertrand Gallery, Stockton, California, America. Painter, born in Croatia, who gained her master’s in fine art painting at the Royal College of Art. Among her solo exhibitions were Chase, Royal College of Art, 2003, and Faith, Transition Gallery, A1 Gallery in Hong Kong, and CAS, Osaka, Japan, all 2004. In that year she was an Artist of the Day at Flowers Central, chosen by Peter Griffin. Solo exhibitions included Arthus Gallery, Brussels, Belgium, 2002, and Beck

Katarina IVANIŠIN 1975–

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Gallery, Zagreb, Croatia, 2004.

Jocelyn IVANYI 1900–1993 Naïve painter who took up art aged 77. Thrice married and twice divorced with a son by her first husband, she made a living as a dressmaker and designed and made hats. During World War II the Ministry of Defence employed her to collect iron around the country. Her third marriage was to the Hungarian art historian and writer Bèla Ivanyi Grünewald, whose father was a notable painter. They settled from London to Alphamstone, Essex, where she created a beautiful garden. This and her animals featured often in Ivanyi’s pictures. Later work was less detailed, due to cataracts. Ivanyi was a woman of strong beliefs: liberalism, pacifism and anti-racism. She died in Suffolk and there was a memorial show at Gainsborough’s House, Sudbury, 1994.

Artist in mixed media and teacher, born and lived in London. She was married first to the artist Keith Lucas, then to Jack Millar. Izzard studied at Beckenham and Bromley Schools of Art under Carel Weight and Ruskin Spear. She taught at Harrogate and Walthamstow Schools of Art, North-East London Polytechnic and Royal Academy Schools and elsewhere. Izzard showed regularly in RA Summer Exhibitions, also with NEAC, LG, David Paul Gallery in Chichester and Curwen Gallery. Solo shows included Ashgate Gallery in Farnham, Linton Court Gallery, Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, and Duncan Campbell Fine Art, 2001. Several public authorities hold examples. Pamela IZZARD 1926–

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