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Artists in Britain Since 1945 David Buckman

1786 pages in 2 volumes 14,500 artist biographies available to buy from Goldmark Gallery 01572 821424 rrp ÂŁ165 our special price ÂŁ85 including p&p

H: see Brian HAGGER

Cobham, Kent.

H: see Kathleen Finlay HORSMAN

Arthur HACKNEY 1925– Painter, etcher and teacher,

older brother of the artist Alfred Hackney, born in Stainforth, Yorkshire. He was an apprentice engraver in the Potteries, studying with Reginald Haggar at Burslem School of Art, Stoke-on-Trent, then Royal College of Art with Robert Austin, winning a travelling scholarship. Went on to be head of department at West Surrey College of Art and Design, Farnham, 1950–86. He was a member of RWS, being vice-president, 1973–6, and of RE, also showing at RA and widely elsewhere in Britain and abroad. Victoria & Albert Museum, Ashmolean Museum in Oxford and many other collections hold examples. Lived in Tongham, Farnham, Surrey.

Liam H: see Liam HANLEY

Norman Douglas H: see Norman Douglas HUTCHINSON Vivien H: see Vivien HISLOP

Sculptor and installations artist and lecturer, born in Cambridge, who graduated in fine art from Middlesex Polytechnic, 1981–4, gaining his master’s at Nottingham Trent University, 1993–5. Hackett was chairman of the Sheffield Contemporary Arts Trust, 1990; artistin-residence, Elliot Durham School, Nottingham, 1992, the year he completed a canteen sculpture there at Wilford Meadows School; ran sculpture workshops at Abbey International College, Malvern Wells, 1993; was involved in a sculpture/dance collaboration with Aoife Dance/Choice Moves, Leicester, 1994; completed the Birdcage Walk Public Sculpture for Nottingham City Council, 1996; was engaged on the Iron Age Project, Anchor Housing, Nottingham, 1999; and from 2000 was advisor to East Midlands Arts Board. He had extensive visiting and part-time lectureships, including the University of Derby, from 2000; Bournemouth Institute, 2001; and Broxtowe College, from 2002. Participated in many group shows, among later solo installations being Lache pas la Pataté at Rugby Art Gallery & Museum, Pulp at University of Hertfordshire in Hatfield and Object in Absentia at Pitshanger Manor Gallery, all 2003. Lived in Mapperley, Nottingham. Tom HACKETT 1961–

Isla HACKNEY 1962– Artist, designer, lecturer and

writer who gained her master’s honours degree in fine art from Edinburgh University and Edinburgh College of Art, 1985, and her master’s in timebased media from the Kent Institute of Art & Design, 1997. Hackney there lectured in cultural studies; was a freelance designer for BBC Scotland’s travel programme; and was co-author, with Fiona Hackney, of Charles Rennie Mackintosh, 1989, and The Art of the World’s Greatest Watercolourists, 1990. She was elected to the RWS, 1993. Mixed shows included Ancrum Gallery, Jedburgh, 1985–6; RSW at RSA, 1994– 6; Printmakers’ Workshop, Edinburgh, 1996; and Royal College of Art, 1999, and Artmonsky Gallery. Among her solo exhibitions were Freshfields, 1998, and Lynne Strover Gallery, Fen Ditton, 2001.

Mary HACKNEY 1925– Figurative artist, notably in

Alfred HACKNEY 1926–1994 Printmaker, painter and

teacher, born in Stainforth, Yorkshire, brother of the artist Arthur Hackney. He studied at Burslem School of Art in Stoke-on-Trent, then Edinburgh College, with a travelling scholarship to France and Italy. He was a visiting teacher at Willesden School of Art, then senior lecturer at Medway College of Art in Rochester. Was a member of RWS and an associate of RE, also showing with RA, SEA, LG and SSA. RA holds his work. Lived in

pastel, who studied at Coventry School of Art, Birmingham College of Art and the Royal College of Art. From 1951–4 she was an art director of the advertising agency J Walter Thompson, afterwards working as a freelance artist. Showed at RA and with PS, of which she was a member. Lived at Tongham, Surrey. 3

Tom HACKNEY 1977–

Artist, born in Taunton,

Somerset, who graduated with first-class honours in fine art from Manchester Metropolitan University, 1997–00. His work was widely shown at art fairs, group shows including 72 Hours of Painting, Bankley Studios, Manchester, 1999; Images Re-viewed, Philips Contemporary Art, Manchester, and Vertigo Gallery, both 2001; Koestler Special Arts Event, 2002; and Forever Beautiful, Clapham Gallery, 2004. In 2003–4 Hackney gained a BOC Emerging Artist Award, entering The BOC Group collection, his work also being held by LHM plc and Manchester Art Gallery. His solo exhibitions were You Looking at Me, arc Gallery, Manchester, 2000, Dream Sequence, at arc and The Westbourne Hotel, London, both 2002; Suspended Belief, The Castlefield Gallery, Manchester, 2003; and Scenic Wonder, Space, Triangle Gallery, 2004. Hackney lived in east London.

Canary Wharf, 2003. Hadcock made two types of sculpture: casts of polystyrene packaging, and large metal constructions (such as his 10-ton, cast-iron Caesura IV, in 16 sections, installed at Goodwood Sculpture Park, in 1995, rather like a yet-to-befinished piece of architecture on which the viewer could speculate). Public and corporate commissions included Brighton and Hove Council, Imperial Chemical Industries, British Airports Authority Gatwick Airport and Allied Domecq. Lived and worked in London.

Self-taught horse painter, brought up in a small village south of Lincoln where learned to ride and hunt. Haddelsey left England aged 18 for British Columbia, and extensive travels through the continent, Mexico, Asia and Inner Mongolia followed. He broadened his equestrian knowledge and began to paint what he saw. In 1995 RONA THE HACKNEY FLASHERS– The Hackney Flashers Gallery gave him his first solo show in England Collective was instigated by the Photography for over a decade. Collingbourne Fine Arts issued Workshop in the 1970s to explore joint working, signed, limited-edition prints, some in a period especially among politically active documentary setting. HM The Queen, the Mellon Collection of photographers. The group developed an all-woman Sporting Art in America and a number of English membership, including Jo Spence (see separate museums hold examples. Haddelsey latterly spent entry) and Liz Heron, and produced two major much time in France. photographic projects in east London and an educational slide pack. Hackney Flashers pictures Aldridge HADDOCK 1931–1996 Self-taught artist in were used widely in the 1970s and early 1980s, at mixed media, full name Edwin Aldridge Haddock, which point the group disbanded but remained in known as Fin and born in Durham. He attended contact. Twenty-nine Hackney Flashers slides, the University there graduating as a bachelor of titled Who’s Holding the Baby?, of 1978, from the medicine and of surgery in 1953, gaining a diploma Arts Council collection were included in Protest in obstetrics from the Royal College of & Survive at the Whitechapel Art Gallery, 2000. Obstetricians and Gynaecologists in 1955. He was house surgeon and house physician at a number of Charles HADCOCK 1965– Sculptor, born in Derby, hospitals in Newcastle and Middlesbrough. who trained at Gloucestershire College of Arts and Haddock was a member of Lincolnshire Artists’ Technology, 1984–7, then the Royal College of Society and Free Painters and Sculptors. He had Art, 1987–9. Residencies included Hurricane several dozen solo shows, including Ferens Art Sculpture, London Borough of Ealing, 1987–8, Gallery, Hull; Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield; and Millfield School, Street, 1997. Group shows Woodstock Gallery; Drian Galleries; and Century included Uley Arts Centre, Gloucestershire, 1987; Galleries in Henley-on-Thames. Public galleries New Art Centre Sculpture Garden, Roche Court, in Hull, Doncaster and Newcastle hold examples. Salisbury, 1989; and Lewes Sculpture Trail, Lewes, Lived in Grimsby, Lincolnshire. 1997. Later solo exhibitions included Reed’s Wharf Gallery, 1996, University of Essex, 1997, and John HADDOCK 1934– Professionally an interior Vincent HADDELSEY fl. from 1960s–


designer who painted. Studied furniture design at Birmingham College of Art, in 1963 being elected a member of the Society of Industrial Artists and Designers, later The Chartered Society of Designers. Began painting in 1972 at Eltham Institute Art Centre. Showed at RA Summer Exhibitions, Tudor Barn Art Gallery in Eltham and had two four-man exhibitions: at Greenwich Theatre Gallery and in 1985 at Woodlands Art Gallery. Painted still life and landscapes widely in England and France. Lived in London.

retiring in 2001 to do his own work plus part-time teaching. He was noted for large engraved panoramas of Bristol, theatre interiors and natural forms. Haddrell was a subscriber-member of SWE, participating in its show at the Museum of Garden History in 2001. He also exhibited widely solo and in groups in Bristol, including national print shows at RWA, winning a prize there in 1997. Haddrell’s work was in Engraved Gardens, 2001, edited by Hilary Paynter. Haddrell’s Panoramic Bristol: 50 engravings and linocuts, was published by Redcliffe Press in 2002, followed by a book of John Marshall HADDOCK 1914–1963 Painter, horticultural engravings in 2005. City Museum illustrator and commercial artist, son of the painter and Art Gallery, Bristol, and Bristol University’s J M Haddock. Studied at Regent Street Polytechnic theatre collection hold examples. School of Art, where he concentrated on architectural work, also at Putney School of Art, Susan HADLEY 1940– Sculptor, painter, 1933–8, with Adrian Hill and Francis Hodge. draughtsman and teacher, born in Redhill, Surrey, Showed at RA and RBA and did magazine great grand-daughter of the Danish painter Vilhelm illustration. Sometimes signed work J M H. Lived Marstrand. From 1959–60 she studied at Lycée in London. Français de Londres, a bilingual secretarial course in French and German, then in 1982–6 at West Simon HADDOCK 1970– Painter, born and lived in Sussex Institute, where she gained a first-class London, whose early work focused on the honours degree in art and design. Hadley spent motorway and urban living. He attended the West half the year teaching (which included West Dean Glamorgan Institute of Higher Education, 1989– College, 1991–4), half on her own work. This 90; University of the West of England, Bristol, reflected “all aspects of life, and the Christian 1991–5; and Royal Academy Schools, 1995–8. content comes naturally from my human Awards included Landseer Landscape Award, experience.” Recurrent themes included Premiums, Royal Academy Schools, 1997, and vulnerability, arms and relationships. In 1993, the Vincent Harris Mural Painting Award and Solomon BBC Television programme Glimpses of God Travel Scholarship to Jerusalem, Israel, both 1998. centred on her sculpture. Hadley was included in Among Haddock’s group exhibitions were Bristol John Plowman’s 1995 book The Encyclopedia of Cathedral Exhibition and Residency, 1992; Site- Sculpting Techniques. She was a member of the specific wall painting, Bristol University physics Art Centre Group. Lived in Chichester, Sussex, department, 1995; Original II, Kapil Jariwala where she opened her house and garden during its Gallery, 1998; and Zwemmer Gallery, ART2001, annual Festivities. Mixed shows included Regnum Business Design Centre, Islington, 2001. There Club, Chichester, and Terrace Gallery, Worthing, was a solo show, End of Free Recovery, in 2000 both 1988; Goodwood House, Goodwood, 1990; at Paton Gallery. Eastgate Gallery, Chichester, from 1991; Mark Jerram Gallery, Salisbury, 1995; and Thompson’s Trevor HADDRELL 1945– Painter, printmaker and teacher, born in Rotherham, Yorkshire, full name Gallery, from 1996. Had solo exhibitions at Pallant John Trevor Haddrell, who attended Bath Academy House, Chichester, 1987–8. of Art, 1964–7, under Clifford Ellis. He was head of art and design at Ashton Park School, then Clifton High School, both in Bristol where he lived,

Textile and photography artist and teacher, born in Kent, who attended Brighton Polytechnic, 1971–2; Hornsey College

Penny HADRILL 1953–


of Art, 1972–5; and an English National Theatre illustrator for a leading West End advertising design course, 1975–6. Hadrill was head of the studio. Strong design was a feature of his work, dye and print department at English National which included pictures of Hertfordshire and the Opera, 1976–7. In the latter year she established Romney Marsh area of East Sussex, where he had a workshop at Waterside Warehouse in Rotherhithe, homes. Showed solo at Highgate Fine Art in 1999. moving to New Crane Wharf in 1978. Exhibitions included Midland Group, Nottingham, 1978; New Karl HAGEDORN 1889–1969 Painter, commercial Faces, British Crafts Centre, 1981; and Wapping artist, designer of fabrics and teacher, born in Berlin. After initial education in Germany Artists Open Studios, 1982. Hagedorn settled in England in 1905, training in Elpida HADZI-VASILEVA 1971– Sculptor, textile production. He attended Manchester School draughtsman and lecturer who grew up in a remote, of Technology and the city’s School of Art, Slade mountainous region of Macedonia. She achieved School of Fine Art and in Paris, 1912–3, where he first-class honours in sculpture at Glasgow School was in the school run by Maurice Denis. The Cubist of Art, gaining her master’s at the Royal College and Futurist influences acquired in Paris of Art. By the time that she was shortlisted for the profoundly affected Hagedorn’s work as shown in first Jerwood Sculpture Prize, in 2001, Hadzi- the Society of Modern Painters, Manchester, 1913– Vasileva had a reputation for producing works from 6; the impact of his pictures in a provincial city, unusual materials. In her 1999 solo show at before his work became more conventional, was ArtSway she employed butter and fir cones, in the covered in Manchester’s First Modernist Karl 2001 exhibition Epidermis, at Berwick Hagedorn 1889–1969 at Whitworth Art Gallery, Gymnasium Gallery, she used 2,500 salmon skins Manchester, 1994, and Chris Beetles Ltd, 1995. and 1,500 bones, all specially cleaned and Hagedorn became naturalised at the outbreak of preserved for the purpose. She was a visiting World War I, during which he served in the Army, lecturer at several art colleges. Other shows producing war pictures. He showed widely in Paris included Kelvingrove Museum, Glasgow, 2001, and was a member of Salon d’Automne, was and the Museum of Contemporary Arts, honorary treasurer of the RBA and showed at Fine Art Society, AAA, NEAC, RI and elsewhere. Did Macedonia, 2002. commercial work for Empire Marketing Board, Antoinette HAECHLER 1965– Painter, born in Shell and Radio Times. Taught part-time at Epsom Switzerland, who settled in Newcastle upon Tyne. School of Art. British Museum, Victoria & Albert She completed foundation studies at Sunderland Museum and Manchester City Art Gallery hold Polytechnic, 1988–9, graduating in fine art from examples. Lived at Lower Feltham in Middlesex University of Northumbria, 1989–92. Group shows and in London. A Hagedorn Trust exists to enhance included Northern Graduates, New Academy his reputation. Gallery, 1992; The Dog Squad, Goldenes Kalb Gallery, Switzerland, 1994; Behind the Scenes, Arthur T HAGG 1895– Painter and designer. Studied Hancock Museum, Newcastle, 1996; and Amber, at Norwich School of Art, 1912, then at the Laure Genillard Gallery, 2000. There, by using Westminster School of Art under Walter Bayes and fabric as a support, Haechler added a sense of Bernard Meninsky. Taught for some years in domesticity to an otherwise severe group of Sussex. Exhibited RA, RI, NEAC and RBA. Lived symbols. Solo exhibitions included Northern Arts in London. building, Newcastle, 2000. Reginald George HAGGAR 1905–1988 Painter, pottery Anthony HAESTIER 1953– Painter, draughtsman and designer and writer, illustrator and teacher, born illustrator, born in London, who studied at Hornsey in Ipswich, Suffolk. Aged 12 he became a delivery School of Art, working for almost a decade as an boy for a florist’s, then was at local Art School, 6

1922–6, followed by Royal College of Art, to which he won a Royal Exhibition and where he was taught by Reco Capey. Joined Mintons Ltd in 1929 and soon became art director, but left in 1935, miffed at resistance to his efforts to improve designs. He became head of Stoke School of Art until 1941, holding a similar position at Burslem School of Art until 1945, when he became a freelance painter, writer on pottery and porcelain and lecturer. His books on Lane Delph, Staffordshire Chimney Ornaments, English Country Pottery and his two Encyclopaedias of English and Continental Pottery and Porcelain were scholarly and readable. Showed RA, RWA, RSA and elsewhere and was from the mid-1940s for over 30 years president of the Society of Staffordshire Artists. He lived in Stoke-on-Trent where the City Museum and Art Gallery, in common with galleries in Ipswich and Dudley, holds his work.

Painter in oil and watercolour, draughtsman in pencil and teacher, born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. He studied at Ipswich School of Art, 1952–6, then Royal College of Art, 1958–61, teachers including Colin Moss, Pif Fortin, Carel Weight, Ruskin Spear and Ceri Richards. Numerous mixed shows included RA Summer Exhibition, Phoenix Gallery in Lavenham and Highgate and with Norwich Twenty Group. Had a series of solo shows at Bramante Gallery, 1968–71; Thackeray Gallery, 1972–5; and Langton Gallery, 1976. Before his first solo exhibition, Hagger showed his oil on board cityscapes on the Green Park railings, self-effacingly signing them with an H. As he became successful he turned to canvas, put his prices up and signed with his full name. When the American Oscar Lerman saw his work he offered Hagger an exhibition at the new Bramante Gallery. When Lerman returned to America and the Bramante closed, Priscilla Anderson keenly took him on at Thackeray Gallery. Between leaving College and 1976 Hagger produced around 350 marvellously evocative paintings of London, mainly of Fulham and the unfashionable end of King’s Road, Chelsea. He also painted Brighton, Norwich and the East Coast.

In the mid-1990s, seeking a new theme, Hagger was concentrating mainly on drawing. Did occasional teaching, including Salisbury College of Art, and Great Yarmouth College of Art and Design, including adult education. Bolton Art Gallery holds his work. Lived latterly in Norwich, Norfolk.

Painter, born in London, who studied at Southend School of Art and Cheltenham College of Art. Group exhibitions included Fresh Art, Islington Design Centre, 1992; Outpost, Venice Biennale, 1994; and Show Me the Money, Dukes Mews, 1998. In 1999, Haggerty was a finalist in The NatWest Art Prize, in which he showed paintings concerned with illusion and the contradictions involved in painting and perception, resolute abstraction being an important feature of his output.

Terry HAGGERTY 1970–

Portrait, landscape and figure painter in oil and watercolour, black-andwhite artist and etcher. Born in London, Haggis studied art in Australia and at Royal College of Art under Malcolm Osborne. Showed widely, including Walker’s Galleries, RA, RP, NEAC, RCamA, RWA and Paris Salon. His work is in Australian and British provincial museums. He was official portrait painter to the British studio Gainsborough Pictures, travelling as far afield as Barbados to complete portraits. These included Fredric March, Mai Zetterling and Claire Bloom. Painted many landscapes in Britain, especially in Yorkshire and Hertfordshire, where he lived at Welwyn. In 1921 he founded the Welwyn Garden City Art Club. John HAGGIS 1897–1968

Brian HAGGER 1935–2006


Philip HAGREEN 1890–1988 Wood engraver, painter, ivory carver, letter-cutter and cartoonist born into a family of artists. He studied as a painter in Cornwall with Norman Garstin, Harold and Laura Knight, then at New Cross Art School, joining the Army in World War I. After the war Hagreen assembled artists who formed SWE in 1920. In early 1920s settled in Ditchling, Sussex, and joined the Guild of St Joseph and St Dominic, with Eric Gill learning letter-cutting and helping complete

the Stations of the Cross for St Cuthbert’s in Bradford. For 15 years from 1934 contributed amusing cartoons for The Cross and The Plough, the magazine of the Catholic Land Federation. Retired from Guild in 1957, in later years being bedridden.

further public collections. Lord Haig was a member of the Scottish Arts Council and of the Royal Fine Art Commission for Scotland and a trustee of the National Galleries of Scotland. As a landscape painter he was fond of simple, almost naïve images infused with a rich palette. In 2003, there was an exhibition of his oil and watercolour landscapes Jonathan HAGUE 1938– Artist and teacher, born in at Dean Gallery, Edinburgh. Lived in Bemersyde, Llandudno, Caernarvonshire. He attended Melrose, Scotland. Liverpool College of Art, 1957–63, then Royal Academy of Fine Art, The Hague, 1964–6. He was Alfred Grenfell HAIGH 1870–1963 Painter in oil and a part-time lecturer at Coventry College of Art, watercolour, born in Parkgate, Cheshire. He studied then a lecturer at Birmingham College of Art. art in Paris, then started to paint professionally at Showed at RA, Redfern Gallery and widely in the the age of 30. Haigh was a keen horseman and Netherlands, which had granted him a State favoured hunting and racing subjects. He did not Scholarship. Had a solo show at Orez International exhibit but had a number of patrons, including Gallery, The Hague, in 1964, others including HRH The Aga Khan, the Duke of Portland and Royal Institute Gallery, 1967. Lived in Leamington Lord Rosebery. Made several painting trips to Spa, Warwickshire. America. The Duke of Northumberland has Haigh’s portrait of the ninth Duke, painted in 1933. Sheila HAGUE 1920– Painter, illustrator and Was included in The British Sporting Art Trust’s cartoonist who was brought up in Sussex. She 1983 show at Alpine Gallery. attended Wimbledon School of Art under Gerald Cooper and Robert Barnes, then the Royal College Peter HAIGH 1914–1994 Painter in oil and of Art with Gilbert Spencer and Percy Horton. draughtsman, born near Huddersfield, Yorkshire, Exhibited RA and AIA. Lived in London. and brought up on his uncle’s farm. He sold his first painting aged 15; trained as a textile sample Ghulam HAIDER: see YunUs dyer, which gave him an early understanding of colour, tone and shape; then travelled the country, George Douglas, The Earl Haig 1918– Painter, born in London, son of Field-Marshal Earl Haig whom he sketching and painting. After seven years in the succeeded in 1928. After education at Stowe Army in World War II, mostly in the Far East, School and Oxford University, Earl Haig served Haigh – who always insisted that he was self-taught in the Army in World War II, being a prisoner of – between 1946–9 attended Heatherley’s School war in Italy and Germany. In 1945–7 he attended of Art under Iain Macnab and Goldsmiths’ School Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, his teachers of Art, where John Mansbridge and Bernard including William Johnstone and Claude Rogers; Hailstone taught and where Haigh met his future during the holidays he studied with Paul Maze. wife, Patricia, who became a commercial artist. At From 1945 Lord Haig had a series of one-man the start of the 1950s, following his work being shows over several decades at the Scottish Gallery, shown at Wildenstein, Haigh was financed to work Edinburgh, as well as showing widely elsewhere in France for six months by a Shell oil executive in Britain and on the continent, latterly including and collector. Between 1949–55 Haigh’s pictures Clarges Gallery and Gallery 10, London. Scottish were included in mixed exhibitions at RBA, NS, Gallery gave him a seventieth birthday show in UA, at Roland, Browse and Delbanco and at the 1988. His work is in the collections of HM The Beaux Arts, Zwemmer, Leicester and Redfern Queen and other members of the royal family, Galleries, but then he withdrew from showing, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art and keen to develop in his own way. His early pictures were in the spirit of Walter Sickert, whose work 8

with that of Augustus John he much admired, but gradually he moved towards geometrical abstraction, commonly in a muted palette. Haigh was a meticulous craftsman, noting when he last worked on a picture and could safely return to it, and utilising all available time from morning light until four in the afternoon. To survive he did a variety of clerical jobs, worked as a barman and learned framing and gilding with the firm of Savage before setting up on his own for several years until pressure on painting time made the business impracticable. In 1988 The Pride Gallery put on a retrospective, another show being held at Ambiente Gero, Galeria de Arte, in Valencia, 1991. Lived in London and died in Chelsea and Westminster Hospital.

cycle accident. In 1946 he joined the Rural Industries Bureau as its pottery consultant, but was killed in a motoring accident two years later. In 1947 he had moved to Shinner’s Bridge, Dartington, Devon, to a house and workshop lately vacated by the potter Bernard Leach. Haile’s pictures mixed strong themes, including concern at the threat of Fascism, sexuality and violence. Review exhibitions of his work were held at Crafts Centre in 1951, Birch and Conran, 1987, and Holburne Museum, Bath, 1993.

Portrait painter, brother of the artist Harold Hailstone. After education at the Judd School, Tonbridge, Hailstone attended Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, under Clive Gardiner, then the Royal Academy Schools, with James Bateman and Walter Westley Russell. At the outbreak of World War II Hailstone joined the Auxiliary Fire Service, drew his comrades and Blitz scenes and held an exhibition at the RA. In 1941 he was asked to become an Official War Artist, initially attached to the Ministry of Transport. Later he painted convoys in the Atlantic and Mediterranean, then in 1944 joined South-East Asia Command, painting Lord Louis Mountbatten and key members of his staff, pictures now in Imperial War Museum. A gregarious, outgoing man, Hailstone went on to paint Sir Winston Churchill, Lord Olivier, Paul Mellon – he worked a lot in America – and members of the royal family, but he as happily painted ordinary members of the public. Also exhibited LG, RBA and NEAC. Lived at Hadlow, near Tonbridge, Kent. Bernard HAILSTONE 1910–1987

Portrait painter and photographer, born in London. Educated at St Mark’s College, Chelsea; Chelsea Polytechnic; and Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art. Exhibited RA, London Salon, PS and in a number of photographic shows. On several occasions he was president of the Institute of British Photographers. Lived in Bognor Regis, Sussex.

Richard Neville HAILE 1895–

Artist, potter and teacher, born in London. Went to evening classes at Clapham School of Art, winning a scholarship to Royal College of Art, 1931–5, initially concentrating on painting, then on pottery under the potter William Staite Murray. During the late 1930s Haile showed with Surrealist Group and AIA. From 1939–44 he lived in New York, where Haile, whose politics were left-wing and convictions pacifist, went to escape what he considered a capitalist struggle. In England he had taught at Leicester College of Art and in the London area and in America, as well as exhibiting and selling works to public collections, he taught at the New York State College of Ceramics, Alfred University, and at the College of Architecture, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Eventually, he was drafted into the American Army as a noncombatant, then became an instructor in the Education Corps of the British Army, being released in late 1945 after concussion in a motorSam HAILE 1909–1948

Harold HAILSTONE 1897–1982 Illustrator and cartoonist in watercolour, black-and-white and oil. Born in London, studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art. During World War II served in the Royal Air Force as an official artist and exhibited with the War Artists. The Imperial War Museum holds his work. Illustrated widely for magazines such as Punch, Illustrated London News, Passing Show and Tatler. Brother of the artist Bernard Hailstone. Lived at Hadlow, near Tonbridge, Kent.


June HAINAULT fl. from 1950s–

Painter and

printmaker who studied at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art and at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art, teachers including Iain Macnab and Frederic Whiting. Was a member of Free Painters and Sculptors, also of Eastbourne Group, and had a number of solo exhibitions, including Il Traghetto Gallery in Venice, 1966; New Town Gallery, Uckfield, from 1969; Upper Street Gallery, from 1972; and Hanover Galleries, Liverpool, 1986. Lived in Five Ashes, Sussex.

educated at St Paul’s School and served in the Army in World War I. He was early a member of an artistic set including E McKnight Kauffer, John Middleton Murry and D H Lawrence. Lett Haines was always an experimental artist whose work had a strong linear element and who admitted a big debt to Picasso. In 1918 he met the painter Cedric Morris and they lived together for 60 years as lovers, although it was sometimes a stormy partnership. A less consistent painter than Morris, Haines chose to take over the running of the East Anglian School of Painting and Drawing household. As a teacher Haines believed in giving students freedom to develop along independent lines. There was a retrospective at Redfern Gallery, 1984. In 2002– 3, Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery put on Cedric Morris & Lett Haines: Teaching Art and Life.

Painter, illustrator and teacher, born Hertfordshire, who studied at St Albans and Brighton Colleges of Art, graduating in graphic design in 1967, in 1968 moving to Pembrokeshire. Taught at Carmarthen College of Art, 1982–4. In 1987 she was artist-in-residence at the National Eisteddfod, having won a national competition to interpret the forms of Cerdd Dafod (Welsh prosody). Haines occasionally held open studio in her 1996-converted barn on Bryn Morris hill farm, Rhosfach, Clunderwen. For many years she was almost exclusively a landscape painter, influenced by the British watercolourists, but in the early 1990s diverted towards architecture and musicians. She made drawings at rehearsals and masterclasses at the Royal Academy of Music in 1994, linked to a WAC bursary to research the relationship between painting and music. As well as prompting abstract paintings, this motivated Haines in 1993 to embark on a doctorate in the philosophy of aesthetics at the University of Wales, Lampeter. Haines exhibited extensively, including the WSW, RCamA, National Museum of Wales in Cardiff, Albany Gallery and St John’s Smith Square. There was a retrospective at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, in 1996. In 1999 and 2002 Haines shared shows with Denis Curry at the Heifer Gallery and in 2003 she had a solo exhibition at Oriel Washington Gallery, Penarth. Commissions included sketchbooks, one for the Ty Glyn Davis Trust, sponsored by the Gulbenkian Foundation. WAC and other Welsh public collections hold her work. Elizabeth HAINES 1945–

Lett HAINES 1894–1978 Artist in various media and teacher, correct name Arthur Lett-Haines. Was

Painter, born in Harborough Magna, Leicestershire. He attended Loughborough College of Art and Design, 1977–8, then Ravensbourne College of Art and Design, 1979– 82. Among his exhibitions were Stowells Trophy, RA, 1982; Deptford Artists Group Show, 1984; New Moon Group Show, Woodlands Art Gallery, from 1986; and Showroom Gallery. A gestural abstract painter. Tony HAINES 1959–

Painter in a rich palette, sculptor and teacher, born in Leeds, Yorkshire. He attended Leeds College of Art, 1955– 60, then Slade School of Fine Art, 1960–2, under William Coldstream. In the following year he gained a Gulbenkian Scholarship in Sculpture at British School, Rome, 1962–3. Hainsworth taught fine art at Leeds College of Art, 1963–70, joining the staff of Leeds Polytechnic in 1970, eventually becoming senior lecturer in the centre for art and contemporary studies at Leeds Metropolitan University. Hainsworth took part in numerous mixed exhibitions. Had a solo show at Sue Rankin Gallery, 1991, later ones including Open Gardens, Galerie Elisabeth Den Bieman De Haas, Amsterdam, Netherlands, in 2002. Worked nonfiguratively for many years, then resumed representational subjects, flowers, mythology and George HAINSWORTH 1937–


School of Fine Art and Norwich School of Art. She showed in groups at RA, Edward Totah Gallery, Whitechapel Open, Royal Over-Seas League Annual Exhibition, where she won a joint first prize, and at England & Co’s Art in Boxes, 1991. The vulnerability of Nature and its decline were a feature of her assemblages. She showed solo at Spacex Gallery, Exeter, in 1989, and Manchester City Art Gallery, 1991 Lived in London.

politics being recurrent themes. He was a member of MM Arts Group and the Yorkshire Sculptors’ Group. Baring Capital Investors and Provident Financial Group owned examples. Hainsworth’s wife Lucy was also an artist and they lived at Hunsingore, near Wetherby, Yorkshire.

Lucy Mary HAINSWORTH 1935– Sculptor, draughtsman and printmaker; teacher, born in Johannesburg, South Africa. She studied at Bromley College of Art, 1955–9, and Slade School of Fine Art, 1959–62, teachers including Frank Auerbach. In 1971 she gained her graduate certificate of education. Was a visiting tutor at Leeds Metropolitan University and other colleges. The figure in movement, the northern industrial landscape and political issues, such as Apartheid, were featured in her work. She was a member of Yorkshire Sculptors’ Group and St Paul’s Printmakers, Mirfield. In 1990 Hainsworth had a residency at Cartwright Hall, Bradford. Took part in many mixed shows, sharing some with her husband George, including Doncaster City Art Gallery, 1995. They both took part in Re:Collection, Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, in 2004. Solo shows included Cookridge Street Gallery, Leeds, 1989, and Imperial Chemical Industries Works, Huddersfield, 1992. Provident Financial Group and Eastthorpe Gallery, Mirfield, hold examples. Lived at Hunsingore, near Wetherby, Yorkshire.

Elsie HALE 1913–1999 Artist in oil and watercolour,

a member of the Hilliard Society of Miniaturists. She was born and died in Worcester and studied at the College of Art there, 1929–33. At Paris Salon she gained a gold medal in 1978, also showing at RA and elsewhere in London and the provinces. Lived in Salisbury, Wiltshire.

Painter and sculptor, born in Harpenden, Hertfordshire. She studied at St Martin’s and Sir John Cass Schools of Art. Was a member of Hampstead Artists’ Council, Free Painters and Sculptors, NS, WIAC, ROI and SWA, also exhibiting in Scotland and France. Lived in Hampstead, north London, later in Rudgwick, Sussex. Helen HALE 1936–

Irina HALE 1932– Artist and teacher, half Russian,

half Irish, who had an English childhood. Left school aged 11 and lived for six years with her mother in France, portrait painting for a living. Between 1951–4 studied at Bath Academy of Art, Corsham, and travelled on scholarships. Spent the next two years teaching art to children. From 1957– 61 she lived in a mountain village near Rome and travelled. After painting for three summers under Kokoschka in Salzburg Hale gained the City of Salzburg Prize, moved to Paris, then back to Italy. Took part in mixed shows at Leicester and Mercury Galleries; Richard Demarco Gallery in Edinburgh; and with WIAC. Solo shows included Crane Kalman Gallery, 1966, and Hambledon Gallery, Blandford, 1968.

Guy Donne Gordon HAKE 1887–1964 Architect and architectural painter and draughtsman. Studied at L’École des Beaux-Arts, Geneva, and at the Architectural Association School, London. Exhibited RA, RWA and Bristol City Art Gallery, which bought drawings by him of wartime bomb damage. Wrote on architectural draughtsmanship. He became principal of RWA School of Architecture for 30 years from 1922. Lived at Honiton, Devon.

Artist born in Beirut, Lebanon, who moved to Britain in 1976. She John Howard HALE 1863–1955 Painter of portraits studied at Camden Arts Centre, Central School of and landscapes, born at Farnham, Surrey. Studied Art, Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, Slade at Farnham School of Art, South Kensington Leslie Hakim DOWEK 1960–


Schools and Westminster School of Art under Fred Brown. Studies continued in Holland, where he concentrated on nineteenth-century Dutch art, and he also studied landscape painting with George Boyle. He was for many years head of Blackheath School of Art. Exhibited RA, RBA especially, ROI, Paris Salon, provincial galleries and in Canada. Lived at Farnham, Surrey.

were Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1988; Mobile Home, 2001 and 2004; and Montreal Biennale, Canada, 2002. In that year Mobile Home showed 60 new drawings by Hale from two series Miriam Stealing and Miriam & William. Beginning without intention, Hale was “led to each image through the acts of drawing and collage. He is driven by what he describes as ‘following the energy’ in each drawing”. Hale’s Make Me Mare was at Mobile Kathleen HALE 1898–2000 Painter, printmaker, writer Home in 2004. The Arts Council holds his work. and illustrator, born at Broughton, Peeblesshire. Hale lived in Berlin, Germany. Studied at Manchester School of Art, Reading University with Allen Seaby, 1915–17, the Central Phil HALE 1963– Painter and illustrator, born in School of Arts and Crafts, 1928–30, with Bernard Quebec, Canada, who from 1982–4 was Meninsky, and the East Anglian School of Painting apprenticed to the fine artist Richard Berry in and Drawing, 1938, with Cedric Morris. Although Boston, Massachusetts, in America, and in Stroud, she exhibited NEAC, LG, RBA, Leicester and Gloucestershire. Double Memory, a collection of Lefevre Galleries and elsewhere, Hale is most paintings by Hale and Berry, was published in noted for her work for the printed page. After a 2002. After his painter’s apprenticeship Hale variety of jobs she gained a reputation as a poster divided his efforts between personal work and and book artist, then for her series of around 20 illustration, producing album commissions for books featuring Orlando, the Marmalade Cat, the major American bands, including Tool and Serafin. first appearing just before World War II. Widely Had a solo show at The University of New travelled in several continents. Her autobiography, Hampshire in 1987. Hale’s group exhibitions A Slender Reputation, appeared in 1994. Lived in included Bedford Studios, New York, 1991; the Cotswolds, but died in Bristol. Retrospective Castignetti Gallery, Boston, 1996; CLP, Lucca, at The Gekoski Gallery, 1995. There was a Italy, 1996; and in 2000 and 2001 BP Portrait Award memorial exhibition at the Redfern Gallery, 2001. at the National Portrait Gallery. Hales was awarded a third prize there in 2000 with his portrait Dr Mathew HALE 1962– Artist, born in Swindon, Rowlands at 45 and second prize in 2001 with Wiltshire, who completed a foundation course at Source X. Following his BP Portrait Award success Winchester School of Art, 1981–2; a degree in fine the National Portrait Gallery, with funds from the art from Goldsmiths’ College, 1982–5; then studied Jerwood Charitable Foundation, commissioned digital image-making: practice and theory, at Tower Hale to paint a portrait of the pianist and composer Hamlets College, 1996–7. Hale won a Whitechapel Thomas Adès. Recognition in the Awards gave Artists’ Award, 1987, and a London Arts Board Hale the confidence and encouragement to abandon Production Grant, 1993. Group shows included the commercial side of his work and become a fullNew Contemporaries, ICA, 1984; 95 Show, time painter. In 2004 he was one of eight figurative Serpentine Gallery, 1985; Trigon ’89, “Actuelle painters in Being Present, at Jerwood Space. Kunst”, Neue Gallerie & Kunstlerhaus, Graz, Austria, 1989; Let me Look, British Council, San Sydney HALE 1907– Portrait painter in oil, pastel Miniato, Italy, 1992; On Boredom, virtual and pen and ink. Studied under Bernard Fleetwoodexhibition on CD-ROM, launched by ICA in Walker at Birmingham College of Arts and Crafts, association with Cambridge Darkroom Gallery, then went on to teach life and portrait drawing and 1997; Sublime: The Darkness and the Light, painting at Birmingham College of Art and Hayward Gallery and tour 1999; and Prospects, Coventry School of Art. Had one-man shows in Easor Gallery, 2002. Among his solo exhibitions the West Midlands area, as well as exhibiting in 12

mixed shows at the RA, LG, RBA and RBSA. Antony HALL 1976– Artist and art administrator Lived at West Bromwich, West Midlands. whose work included multi-media installations. Hall gained a diploma in construction management Gordon HALES 1916– Artist in oil, watercolour and and architectural design, Somerset College of Arts pastel, born in Matlock, Derbyshire. He studied at & Technology, 1992–4; diploma in art and design, Leicester College of Art and Northampton School Strode College, Street, 1994–6; and a first-class of Art. Hales’ favourite subjects were “ships and honours degree in fine art, sculpture, at University the sea, the Thames, men at work, the streets of of Wales Institute, Cardiff, 1996–9. Work London, the half light”. He was a member of experience included Cardiff Art in Time Festival, RSMA, an associate of RBA, a member of the 1999, and installation at Centre for Visual Arts, Langham Sketch Club, Wapping Group of Artists Cardiff. Among his many exhibitions were 6 and the Artists’ Society and a founder-member of Artists, Crown Hotel, Glastonbury, 1996; Stout the London Muster of Artists. Also showed at PS Shoes Needed, The Gateway, Cowbridge, 1998; and elsewhere. Lived in Watford, Hertfordshire. Modus Operandi, g39, Cardiff, and Hanover Gallery, Liverpool, both 2000; and Art from Wales Constance HALFORD-THOMPSON fl. from early – A New Generation, Open Space, Milan, Italy, 1970s– Artist producing colourful still lifes and 2001. Hall was awarded a WAC New Visual Artists views in pastel, horseracing and yachting favourite subjects. She began painting in India where her Grant, 2000–1. Lived in Cardiff.

father was in the Army; joined the Special Women’s Service in Burma; and following marriage and a family trained at Putney School of Art in the late 1960s. Mixed shows included Chelsea Art Society, Armed Forces Art Society, Society of Equestrian Artists, Richmond Gallery, PS, ROI and RBA. She had several solo exhibitions with Anna-Mei Chadwick.

Sculptor and teacher, born in Cornwall, whose uncompromising and witty output made use of materials as diverse as badges, light bulbs, vacuum cleaners and symbols such as the swastika. Hall attended Plymouth College of Art, 1959–63, and Royal College of Art, 1964–7. He gained several scholarships and was at Yale University in America, 1967–9, then held a series of teaching appointments in Los Angeles in California, Auckland in New Zealand and Ulster College, Belfast, where he became principal lecturer in sculpture in 1973. Two years later Arts Council of Northern Ireland granted him a commission for a land sculpture, Northern Ireland Housing Executive, Kilcooley Estate, Bangor. His many shows included Arnolfini Gallery in Bristol, Young Contemporaries at Tate Gallery, Project Gallery in Dublin and Pinacotheca, Melbourne, in Australia.

Arthur Henderson HALL 1906–1983 Painter in oil and

watercolour, printmaker and illustrator. Born at Sedgefield, County Durham, Hall studied art at Accrington and Coventry Schools of Art, the Royal College of Art and at the British School in Rome. Obtained Prix de Rome for engraving in 1931. Exhibitions included RA, Leicester Galleries, RWS, LG and RE. Hall went on to become head of the school of graphic design at Kingston School of Art. He illustrated several books on gardening and children’s educational books. Work bought by the British Museum and Cambridge University. Lived at East Molesey, Surrey.

Adrian HALL 1943–

Painter, born in Cardiff. After attending grammar school he worked for most of the 1920s and 1930s in his father’s gallery while studying painting, in the late 1930s working in an architect’s office. For 25 years from 1939 he worked for the Ministry of Works, on retirement in 1965 painting full-time. He was a leading figure in SWG and WSW, showing at RA, NEAC, RBA, WAC and elsewhere in group exhibitions. In 1971 shared a show with William Selwyn at Albany Gallery, Cardiff. WAC and University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, hold his work. A H Morgan HALL 1900–1984


Christine HALL 1937– Figurative artist who studied at the Royal College of Art. Joined the PS and her Two Welsh Sheep was illustrated in its centenary volume. Lived in Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire.

of Hall’s work bears the stamp of Sickert’s palette and subject-matter: landscapes, genre scenes and London low life. In the late-1920s he lived in Paris, studying with André Lhote. Had a one-man show at the Beaux Arts Gallery in the mid-1930s, then served with a stretcher party during much of World War II. In 1946 he had the first of a number of oneman exhibitions at Roland, Browse and Delbanco, and his monograph on Constantin Guys was published. Making a living in bohemian Chelsea was often a struggle for Hall, who recorded his experiences in an unpublished journal covering 50 years from the 1920s. In the late 1960s he began a new series of pictures: women wrapped in towels, mysterious with unseen faces. His work is in many public collections in Britain, including the Imperial War Museum, Victoria & Albert Museum, and Arts Council, and abroad. Memorial exhibition at Belgrave Gallery in 1977, studio sale at Christie’s, London, 1982. Hall latterly married one of his students at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art, Ann Hewson, and they lived in London.

Christopher HALL 1930– Painter in oil, born in Slaugham, Sussex, brother of the engraver Sarah Van Niekerk. He was noted for his precise, colourful depictions of the town of Recanati, in the Marche region of Italy, which he visited regularly. Hall attended Slade School of Fine Art, gaining his diploma in 1954. In 1957 a picture of his was the frontispiece of Jack Beddington’s book Young Artists of Promise. Hall was made a member of RBA in 1988, RCamA in 1994, also exhibiting at National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, the Stafford and Reading Art Galleries and at Jackson Gallery, Delaware. Arthur Jeffress, Portal and New Grafton Galleries gave Hall solo shows, and he had one of Burgundy pictures at RONA Gallery, 2000, another at The Russell Gallery, 2004. Arts Council, Museum of London and National Library of Wales hold examples. Lived in Newbury, Berkshire. Dan Llwelyn HALL 1980– Artist who graduated with honours in illustration from the University of Christopher HALL 1942– Versatile painter, sculptor, Westminster, 2002. He produced illustrations for potter and teacher, born at West Bridgford, The Independent on Sunday and exhibited in group Nottingham, who studied at Loughborough and shows, including Welsh Artist of the Year Edinburgh College of Art. Teaching included Competition, 2003; group shows at Gallery 47; Edinburgh Academy. Hall’s work could have a and Artistic Licence Gallery. In 2003, he was mystical element, as in his wood carving The shortlisted for the Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Shaman, exhibited in 2000 at Mainhill Gallery, Times Watercolour Competition. Hall shared an Ancrum. Group shows included Macaulay Gallery, exhibition of Contemporary Celtic Landscapes Stenton, from 1982; ICA, 1984; Open Eye Gallery, with Haydn Cottam at Washington Gallery, Edinburgh, 1990; Kirkbride Gallery, Traquair, Penarth, in 2005. 1998; and Scotland International Trade Fair, Glasgow, 2000. Among Hall’s solo shows were David HALL 1937– Sculptor and teacher, born in Väsby Konsthall, Sweden, opened by King Gustav Leicester. Hall attended Leicester College of Art, and Queen Sylvia, 1997. Lived in Jedburgh, 1954–60, then Royal College of Art, 1960–4, studying with Bernard Meadows. In 1964 he won Roxburghshire. the Young Contemporaries Kasmin Prize, in 1965 Clifford HALL 1904–1973 Painter in oil and the Prix des Jeunes Artistes and Prix de la Ville de watercolour, draughtsman and etcher. Born in Paris, IV Biennale de Paris. He gained a number London, Hall early in the 1920s began to study at of awards and grants from the Arts Council, British Richmond Art School, then Putney Art School. At Council and British Film Institute. In 1972 Hall the Royal Academy Schools, in 1926–7, was became head of mixed-media activities at influenced especially by Walter Sickert, and much Maidstone College of Art’s department of fine art. 14

Hall was an extensive exhibitor, showing in Young Contemporaries in 1961 and 1964; at Richard Feigen Gallery, New York, in 1966, and Sculpture in the Open Air, Battersea Park, the same year; at ICA in 1972; and in the Royal College of Art’s 1980 exhibition Bernard Meadows at the Royal College of Art 1960–1980. Arts Council holds examples of Hall’s abstract works in welded steel, polyurethane and laminboard.

RI and in the provinces, HRH The Duke of Edinburgh buying his work. Lived in Bromley, Kent.

Kenneth HALL 1913–1946 Painter, draughtsman and

designer, born in Surrey, educated at Lancing College, full name Charles Kenneth Hall. For a time Hall studied agriculture, then began designing furniture with an interior design firm in London. In 1934 he showed a portfolio of his pictures to Lucy Wertheim, and although he had not exhibited before she soon gave him a show at Wertheim Gallery, where several important collectors acquired Hall’s work. Became involved with Basil Rákóczí and his Society for Creative Psychology, where Hall met Juan Stoll and had the few lessons in art he ever had. In 1935 decided to paint fulltime and during the next few years travelled in Europe with Rákóczí and became aware of modern movements such as Surrealism. With advent of war, they settled in west of Ireland, then in 1940 moved to Dublin, reviving the Society and the White Stag Group, which they had begun in London, holding group and mixed shows with prominent Irish painters. Initially Hall was a landscape painter, but birds and fishes feature strongly in his later work. In 1945 Hall returned to London, showing with Redfern Gallery, but in a depressed state he committed suicide. Hall appears in Lucy Wertheim’s book Adventure in Art, 1947, where his strongly outlined work is illustrated. European Modern Art had a retrospective show in 1991 in Dublin. S B Kennedy’s catalogue for The White Stag Group exhibition at the Irish Museum of Modern Art, Kilmainham, in 2005, surveyed the artist’s life and work.

Edward HALL 1922–1991 Painter, especially of official portraits in oil, born in Barwell, Leicestershire. Studied at Wimbledon School of Art and Slade School Fine Art. He went on to become honorary secretary of RP and became noted for portraits of Prince Rainier of Monaco, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Gloucester and other military, clerical and civic dignitaries. Showed at RA, Agnew, NEAC and elsewhere. Lived in London. Grahame HALL: see Claude Muncaster

Painter, born in Hong Kong, who did a foundation course at Winchester School of Art, 1996, graduating in fine art from Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art, Oxford, 2000, winning several awards. Hall used a computer to sketch ideas and images; photographs were broken down into blocks of colour in a honeycomb-type structure, resembling an insect eye; the paintings were then direct enlargements of these images. Group exhibitions included Bildung, Chessels Gallery, Edinburgh, 1998; Fresh Art, Business Design Centre, Islington, 2001; and in 2002 Reactions at Exit Art, Broadway, New York, with tour, and New Constructivists inaugural show, Cotton’s Atrium, Cotton’s Centre. Solo exhibitions included The Crypt, St Peter-in-the-East, Oxford, 1999. Library of Congress in Washington and Oxford University Press hold examples. Lived in London. Jessica HALL 1977–

Mike HALL 1937– Painter using a rich palette, acrylic

Joseph HALL 1890– Painter and draughtsman, born

in Thornaby-on-Tees, Yorkshire. Studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art with Edmund Sullivan and Clive Gardiner. Showed at RA, RBA,


and oil, and designer, who graduated from Manchester College of Art, completing his postgraduate studies at the Royal College of Art. He established his reputation in film and television design in the 1970s and 1980s, during that period also undertaking painting commissions. Hall said that his film and television career “enabled me to travel extensively in Europe and the West Indies.

During these projects I was able to draw and paint many of the locations.” His later work “explores the emotional response to interiors that are not occupied and yet have the mark of human presence.” Showed solo at Dean Street Gallery, 1991. Latterly he exhibited in galleries in Surrey and Hampshire, including Bell Fine Art, Winchester.

at RA in 1890, being elected RA in 1927 and Senior Academician in 1945. Also showed extensively at RWS, Fine Art Society, RE, Leicester Galleries and many other London venues, having his first one-man show at Dowdeswell Gallery, 1898. Represented in many public collections, including Tate Gallery, which holds his Avignon, Shap Moors and Vale of Festiniog. Hall’s method of painting in oil was to complete a picture in the studio from Nigel HALL 1943– Sculptor, draughtsman and watercolour studies done on the spot. Lived at teacher, born in Bristol, where he studied at West Ulverston, Lancashire. of England College of Art. In 1964–7 he attended Royal College of Art, having a first solo show at Patrick HALL 1906–1992 Watercolourist who early Galerie Givaudon, Paris, in the latter year. In 1967– on made drypoints and etchings, born in York and 9 a Harkness Fellowship enabled Hall to travel and educated at Sedbergh School, full name William work in America, Canada and Mexico. Hall’s Patrick Hall. He attended York and Northampton international exhibiting career now began to grow, Art Schools and while a teenager helped with the and he settled to showing in England with Annely conservation of York Minster’s windows. Worked Juda Fine Art. From 1972–4 Hall taught at Royal in the family tanning business at New Earswick College of Art, then became principal lecturer at as a young man and when it broke up after World Chelsea School of Art. Commissions included War II moved to London and took a studio fullPeter Stuyvesant Sculpture Project, Sheffield, time. Showed at RA, RSA, NEAC and Paris Salon. 1972. Hall was much concerned with spatial His many solo exhibitions included Waddington relationships and the interplay between exterior Galleries, Gilbert Parr Gallery, Marjorie Parr and interior forms in his work, as shown in the Gallery, Austen Hayes Gallery in York, Montpelier several examples held by Arts Council and in his Studio and Thames Gallery, Windsor. Hall sketched retrospectives at Sunderland Art Centre and the landscape of Europe, especially scenes with Warwick Arts Trust in 1980. There was an rivers, canals and buildings, returning to his home exhibition of recent work at Annely Juda, 1991; in Sellindge, Kent, to complete the final pictures. Drawings in Black and White, Museum of Modern He said that he tried “to take watercolour to greater Art, New York, 1993; Prints of Darkness, Fogg Art tonal values and richness”. Imperial War Museum, Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Guildhall Art Gallery and many public galleries Massachusetts, 1994; Edge and Shadow, Works in the provinces and the National Galleries of on Paper, 1975–2002, Art Space Gallery, 2002; in Australia and New Zealand hold examples. 2003 Annely Juda showed Drawings, Part 1: 1964– 1984, followed by Part 2: 1984–2003, and in 2005 Pauline Sophie HALL 1918– Versatile printmaker, Forms in Light and Shade, recent sculpture and born in Birmingham. She studied at the University drawing. Hall was elected RA in 2003. Lived in there and Oxford University, gaining a science degree including biology in 1938. Attended London. Michaelis School of Art in Cape Town, South Oliver HALL 1869–1957 Painter and etcher, mainly Africa, 1955–60. Showed with RE and SWLA and of landscapes. Born in London, studied at Royal in local exhibitions in aid of conservation such as College of Art, 1887–90, also at Westminster and The Dorset Naturalists’ Trust, Dorset County Lambeth Schools of Art in the evenings and Museum, 1982–3. Solo shows included privately with Daniel Williamson and W L Windus. Shakespeare Centre, Stratford-upon-Avon, 1984. Father of the painter Claude Muncaster. Hall Lived in Snitterfield, Warwickshire. travelled widely on the continent. Began exhibiting 16

Sean HALL 1961– Abstract painter who gained an honours degree in fine art at Ravensbourne College of Art and Design, 1981–4. Appeared in mixed shows at RA Summer Exhibition from 1983; Whitechapel Open, at Whitechapel Art Gallery, from 1984; and Greenwich Theatre Gallery, 1987. Shared a four-man show at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1988. Lived in southeast London.

local art schools where he was stationed, after demobilisation continuing at Battersea Men’s Institute and working at night as a telephonist. A visit to France during the war and later trips to South Africa, where he showed solo at Alder Gallery, Johannesburg, were important. Jack Beddington included Hallé in his 1957 book Young Artists of Promise. Hallé took part in mixed shows, showed one-man at Wildenstein several times and had a string of solo exhibitions at O’Hana Gallery, where he painted a patio mural. When it closed on the death of its owner Hallé “could not get another gallery to take me on”; he filled sketch-books, but did little painting for about 20 years. Revived interest in the mid-1990s prompted him to paint again, and he showed at Bartley Drey Gallery. Latterly lived in sheltered accommodation in southwest London. Public galleries in Hull and Bury hold examples, Wandsworth Borough Council pictures and his diaries.

orchestra, and his mother was a direct descendant of Sir Peter Lely, court painter to Charles II. Hallé decided to become a painter after looking at a book of reproductions in his public library, having gone to live in the East End of London aged 20, and attended evening classes at Bethnal Green Men’s Institute. During war service in the Army he joined

Phyllis HALLETT 1926–1990 Artist and teacher, born in South Norwood, south London. She studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art in the 1950s, influenced by Clive Gardiner and, especially, Betty Swanwick. Began teaching in Croydon, then in 1974 was appointed by the National Maritime Museum, in Greenwich where she finally lived, to

Painter and lecturer, born in Darlington, County Durham. She studied at Coventry Polytechnic and Slade School of Fine Art, 1979–81. In 1981 she gained a French Government Scholarship and worked in Paris for six months. A Greater London Arts Award followed in 1987, the year before she was an Artist of the Day at Angela Flowers Gallery. Showed widely and was included in four-artist show at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1989. In that year, Hall also took part in East End Open Studios, at Chisenhale Studios. She then held a Picker Lectureship at Kingston Polytechnic. Lived in London. Ellen Kathleen HALLETT 1899–1988 Painter, embroiderer, artist in various materials and teacher, Marilyn HALLAM 1947– Artist and teacher, born in born in Bristol, where she continued to work. She Yorkshire. She studied painting, 1965–9, at studied art at West of England College of Art in University of Reading fine art department, gaining Bristol under Reginald Bush and went on to teach her master’s degree there, 1970–2. In 1969 Hallam at Fairfield Grammar School. In 1921 she gained won a Boise Travelling Scholarship. Went on to a Board of Education drawing certificate and in lecture part-time at colleges including Reading 1937 passed first-class in the City and Guilds of University and Hull College of Higher Education. London Institute examination. Was a member of Exhibitions included Platform ’72, in 1972, at the Embroiderers’ Guild and at the age of 75 spent Museum of Modern Art, Oxford; Spirit of London, over six months completing a fabric collage of at Royal Festival Hall, 1979–80; Hull Print Athelhampton House, at Dorchester. Showed at Competition, at Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, 1980–1; RA, RE, RCamA, SWA and extensively elsewhere. and Painters + Sculptors from the Greenwich Cheshire County Training College bought her Studios, at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1981. pencil drawing Moondaisies and Sorrel and Derbyshire Education Committee Museums William HALLÉ 1912–1998 Painter, notably of landscape in oil, born in Richmond, Surrey. His Service her fabric collage Frozen Garden. Wrote father was related to the Hallé who founded the Blue Print and Dye Line for schools. Sharon HALL 1954–


run a children’s centre, which became the HalfDeck Club; when she retired she was head of education at the Museum. While there she published and illustrated three books, The White Galloper, Olly’s Round and Jumping Cats. After retirement she resumed painting, in vivid and delicate colours, varied subjects such as gardens, cats and unusual objects which fascinated her.

exclusive paintings of the film, Thompson’s Gallery, 1999; and Retrospective, John Piper Gallery, Renishaw Hall, 2001.






Topographical painter and illustrator, daughter of the artist Edward Halliday, born and lived in London. She studied at Royal Academy Schools, 1953–8. Her work was reproduced in books Roger HALLETT 1929– Painter in oil and tempera, published by Hutchinson & Company and Ginn born in Bristol, who painted in different styles & Company. She was made a member of RBA in under his own name and as Gidleigh Prowz. He 1960, NEAC in 1961 and RWS in 1976, also studied at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1954–7, showing with RSMA and elsewhere. A solo show his teachers including Tom Monnington, William at Sally Hunter Fine Art in 1998 celebrated Coldstream and Lucian Freud. From 1957–60 Halliday’s love of architecture. Hallett was a television designer in Australia, where he began to have one-man exhibitions, including Colin HALLIDAY 1964– Artist and teacher, born in Macquarie Gallery, Sydney; Gallery A and Carlisle, Cumberland, who drew inspiration from Farmer’s Blaxland Gallery, in Melbourne; and at “the supreme painterly skill of artists like Sargent, Broken Hill City Art Gallery. Also showed one- Turner and Constable”. His repeated themes were man in Paris and Bristol and in London at the AIA “nature, agriculture, religion, fear and hope and and Temple Galleries. London Sketch Club the way that we try to control these things”. After member. Hallett spent four years painting Hallett’s a fine art foundation course at Carlisle, 1987–8, Panorama, at the Thames Barrier Visitor Centre, Halliday graduated with honours at Exeter, 1989– which depicts Georgian Bath as seen from a hot 92, then was self-employed. He was a regular air balloon. Lived in Twerton, Bath, and in Saliès exhibitor in group shows, including Fresh Art, Business Design Centre, Islington, 1992; Lake de Bearn, Pyrenées Atlantiques, France. Artists’ Society, Grasmere, 1993; Eden Arts, Alan HALLIDAY 1952– Figurative and abstract artist Penrith, 1994; Coombs Contemporary, 1998; and and draughtsman. He was trained at the Courtauld Deborah Bates, 1999. His many solo exhibitions Institute of Art, where he graduated, obtaining an included a mid-career retrospective at The Walk, Oxford University doctorate on English artists in 2000. Lived in London. Paris during the Napoleonic period. Halliday was notable for his spare drawings of the human figure; Edward Irvine HALLIDAY 1902–1984 Painter in oil at the same time his paintings were eloquent and and watercolour mainly of portraits. Born in colourful. Halliday had a special affinity with the Liverpool, Halliday studied at the City School of ballet and in a long association with the Royal Art there, in Paris at the Atelier Colarossi and at Ballet had a number of shows at Royal Opera the Royal College of Art. He was awarded the Prix House, Covent Garden. Was a frequent exhibitor de Rome and worked at the British School there. in mixed shows including CCA Galleries in Exhibited at RA, RBA, Paris Salon and RP, of London and Tokyo, Ebury Gallery, Clarendon which for a time he was president. His work is in Gallery, Music Theatre Gallery and Westbourne the collections of HM The Queen, Walker Art Gallery. Painted throughout the world. In 1987 Gallery, Liverpool, the Athenaeum Club, formed and led the European Artists’ Group at Wolverhampton Royal Hospital and Bootle Frankfurt Festival, subsequently transferring to Dyeworks. His work was reproduced in The Studio, Los Angeles. Later one-man shows included Illustrated London News and The Times and he Bruton Street Gallery, 1992; Shakespeare in Love, was interviewed by Stanley Casson for his book 18

Artists at Work, published in 1933. In 1997, the University of Liverpool held an exhibition which concentrated on Halliday’s efforts to popularise art between the wars. Halliday’s daughter Charlotte was also an artist. He lived in London.

arms for Newport Town Council; designed several stained glass windows, including Ayr and Dundee Parish Churches; and painted a large mural of the Battle of Narvik for the Royal Naval Dockyard, Rosyth. HM The Queen, HRH The Duke of Edinburgh and galleries in Derby, Glasgow, Irene HALLIDAY 1931– Painter and teacher, born in Dundee and the Imperial War Museum hold Kingsmuir, Angus. After Arbroath High School examples. A ninetieth birthday show was held at she attended Duncan of Jordanstone College of Wormit Arts and Crafts in 1992. Art, Dundee, 1948–53, teachers including Alberto Morrocco. Went on to lecture at Didsbury College Trevor HALLIDAY 1939– Painter and teacher, born of Education in Manchester. Was elected to RSW in Birmingham, where he studied at the College in 1955, also showing at RA and Royal Glasgow of Arts and Crafts, 1954–60, then Royal Academy Institute of the Fine Arts. Had several dozen solo Schools, 1960–3. He held a number of fine art exhibitions in north of England, Scotland and teaching posts and until 1989 was head of the fine America. Public galleries in Bolton, Dundee, art school at Birmingham Polytechnic. Among his Salford and elsewhere hold examples. Lived in group show appearances were Objects and Arbroath, Angus. Documents, Arts Council, 1971–2; Recent British Painting, at Hayward Gallery, 1974; Twenty One John Alexander HALLIDAY 1933– Painter, notably for Twenty One, at Ikon Gallery in Birmingham of murals and in tempera, born in Kirkcudbright, and tour, 1985; and John Moores Exhibition, Kirkcudbrightshire, where he studied at the local Liverpool, 1991–2. He had a solo retrospective at Academy. Halliday was at Glasgow School of Art, Ikon Gallery, 1975. Lived in Grimsby, South 1949–53, gaining a RSA Travelling Scholarship. Humberside. He carried out many murals for private clients and businesses and had solo shows in Britain and on Tom HALLIFAX 1975– Painter of portraits and the continent, including Bourne Fine Art, landscapes who was advised by his teachers at Edinburgh, 2001. Lived for a time in Edinburgh school that he was not good enough to become an and in Dunsyre, Lanarkshire. artist, so he studied history of art at University of St Andrews, “something I didn’t want to do.” After Thomas Symington HALLIDAY 1902–1998 Sculptor, four years there he took a fine art degree at stained glass designer, painter – especially of University of Ulster, Belfast. Portraiture was so shipbuilding on the Clyde – and teacher at Dundee unfashionable that with another student Hallifax High School, born in Thornhill, Dumfriesshire. had to persuade the fine art department to recruit Studied at Ayr Academy, in Glasgow to be a marine a life model. Hallifax established himself in engineer, then at Glasgow School of Art under London as a portrait painter, among his subjects Robert Anning Bell and Maurice Greiffenhagen. being the politician Chris Patten and Rabbi Julia Halliday was elected SSA in 1943 and was a Neuburger. He was notable also for a series of selffounder-member of the Guild of Aviation Artists portraits. He became a well-known public face in 1963. J D Fergusson included him in his New when one of these was used on the Underground Scottish Group. In 1947, with the poet George as promotional poster for the BP Portrait Award, Bruce, Halliday edited Scottish Sculpture. He held at the National Gallery, in 1993. Hallifax said: showed at RA, RSMA, RSA, Royal Glasgow “I haven’t got any major message to pass on to the Institute of the Fine Arts, Paris Salon and elsewhere world. I’m not offering any critique of life or trying abroad. Halliday carved the war memorial in the to seize any aspect of the Zeitgeist. I’m just parish church of Wormit, Newport-on-Tay, Fife, working.” He was based in Shoreditch, east where he lived for over 50 years; also the coat of London. 19

Lesley HALLIWELL 1965– Painter and teacher, born in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, who studied at Lancashire Polytechnic, Dartington College of Arts, Nottingham Polytechnic and Goldsmiths’ College. She held a residency in Patagonia, Chile, in 1991, and from 1993 was a part-time lecturer at Cambridge Regional College. Group shows included Northern Graduates at New Academy Gallery, 1989; NEAC, Mall Galleries, 1990; Eastern Open, at King’s Lynn Art Centre, from 1993; and Royal Over-Seas League Open, 1996. Solo shows included In Patagonia, Burgh House, 1994.

tureen is in Campbell’s Museum Collection, in America), 1989; and a commission for a life-size figure for Christie Cancer Hospital, Manchester, 1994–5. Showed annually with SWLA at Mall Galleries from 1989; The Decorative Beast, Crafts Council, 1990; Colours of the Earth, British Council tour of India, 1992; Ceramic Contemporaries, Victoria & Albert Museum, 1993; and Lynne Strover Gallery, Fen Ditton, 1997. Had a first solo exhibition at Andrew Usiskin Contemporary Art, 1992. Victoria & Albert Museum, Contemporary Art Society and The Sackler Foundation hold examples.

did a foundation course at Plymouth College of Art and Design, 1992–3, then “decided to develop my career on a professional basis.” Mixed exhibitions included South West Open, Plymouth City Museum & Art Gallery, 1990; Self Portrait, The White Lane Gallery, Plymouth, 1991 and 1992; BP Portrait Award, National Portrait Gallery, from 1994 (Brian Sewell, London Evening Standard critic, a constant advocate of Halls’ gifts, termed her 1995 entry Absence a “masterpiece”); RP, Mall Galleries, from 1995; The Discerning Eye, Mall Galleries, 1997; and Hunting Art Prizes, Royal College of Art, 1999. She had a first solo exhibition at Beaux Arts, Bath, 2000, others in 2002 and 2004. Lived in south London.

glass designer. Studied at Slade School of Fine Art and Royal College of Art. Exhibited extensively, especially at Dowdeswell Galleries, RA and NEAC. Christopher Wood Gallery held a show in 1984. Lived in Arthog, Merionethshire.

Roxana HALLS 1974– Painter, born in Newham, who

Reginald HALLWARD 1858–1948 Painter and stained

Sculptor and teacher, born and lived in London. He studied at Goldsmiths’ Institute from the age of 11, won two national gold medals in 1902–3, and was a pupil of the sculptor Alfred Drury. Went on to become modelling master at Goldsmiths’ College. Showed at RA, RI, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and elsewhere and was a fellow of RBS. Williamson Art Gallery in Birkenhead acquired his work and he completed a war memorial panel Susan HALLS 1966– Ceramic artist and teacher, born for Ashford, Kent. A sensitive sculptor in the in Gillingham, Kent, who gained her diploma in classical tradition. ceramics with distinction at Medway College of Art & Design, 1984–6; her higher national diploma Julian HALSBY 1948– Figurative and there, with distinction, 1986–8; and her master’s representational painter in oil, writer and teacher, degree in ceramics, with distinction, 1988–90. In born in London, married to the printmaker Miranda 1990–1, Halls gained a six-month residency at Halsby. He studied under Kyffin Williams at Banff Center for the Arts in Alberta, Canada. Highgate School, gained his master’s degree in Teaching included Royal College of Art, the history and history of art at Cambridge University, Museum of Modern Art in Oxford, and 1967–71, and was senior lecturer at Croydon Staffordshire, Manchester Metropolitan and College of Art, 1971–80, then freelanced. Halsby Wolverhampton Universities. Among Halls’ was elected a member of RBA in 1994 and of the awards and commissions were one from Kent International Association of Art Critics, 1995. From County Council for a ceramic mural for the County 1990, he wrote the In Conversation series for The Hall at Maidstone, 1988–9; first prize winner, Artist magazine. His books included Scottish Campbell’s Soup Tureen Design Project (the Toad Watercolours 1740–1940, 1989; Venice: The Frederick James HALNON 1881–1958


Artist’s Vision and Dictionary of Scottish Painters 1600–1960, both 1990; The Art of Diana Armfield, 1995; The Art of Lincoln Taber, 1998; A Private View, David Wolfers and the New Grafton Gallery, 2002. Group shows included NEAC, from 1987; RA Summer Exhibition, from 1989; New Academy Gallery Cancer Relief Exhibition, 1993, and widely elsewhere. Was in a four-man show at Jerram Gallery, Salisbury, 1996; two-man at Pembroke Gallery, Windsor, 1997; and solo at Abbott and Holder, 1998. In 2004, Halsby shared an exhibition with Judith Gardner at The Russell Gallery. Latterly lived in Sherborne, Dorset.

Ardyn HALTER 1956– Painter and printmaker, living and working in London and Israel, who gained a scholarship to Pembroke College, Cambridge, 1973, winning the Derek Rose Memorial Award there, 1976. Other highlights of Halter’s career were first prize, Lauréats Wizo, Paris, 1992; Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, 1993; and in 1998 at the National Print Exhibition, both the Julian Trevelyan Hon. RE Memorial Award and Gavin Graham Awards. In its Summer Exhibition 2000 Redfern Gallery showed Halter’s work. Paul HAMANN 1891–1973 Artist

and teacher, born in Hamburg, married to the painter Hilde Guttmann. He studied at the local Arts and Crafts School and with Rodin in Paris. Served in World War I, then returned to be prominent in artists’ colonies and Hamburg artistic social life. With the emergence of Nazism in 1933 moved to Paris, three years later settling in London. From 1938 he had a studio in Hampstead, with his wife established a private art school and eventually became a member of the Hampstead Artists’ Council. Was a founder-member before World War II of the Free German League of Culture (FDKB), in which Oskar Kokoschka and Fred Uhlman were involved; helped to organise and took part in shows of German, Austrian and Czech artists’ work at New Burlington and Lucy Wertheim Galleries. Was interned in the Isle of Man in 1940, but about a dozen years later adopted British citizenship. Hamann was in 1986 included in Art in Exile in Great Britain 1933–45, at Camden Arts Centre.

Miranda HALSBY 1948– Artist, notably a printmaker,

born in London, married to the painter and writer Julian Halsby. After the North London Collegiate School, she studied at Kingston College of Art, 1966–7; Hornsey College of Art, 1967–8; parttime at Chelsea College of Art and Camden School of Art, 1990–1; and etching at Hampstead School of Art, 1994–7. In 1997 attended the Artichoke Printing Workshop. Halsby took part in mixed exhibitions from 1988, being a member of the Small Paintings Group from its inception in 1991. Exhibiting venues included Highgate, King Street, Bartley Drey, Piers Feetham and Thompson’s Galleries, Sarah Samuels in Chester and Woodhay Picture Gallery, Newbury. She had a solo show at Abbott and Holder in 2001. Latterly lived in Sherborne, Dorset.

Helene HALSTUCH 1954– Painter and muralist, born in New York City. Studied at Pratt Institute there, 1972–4, Central School of Art, 1974–7, then London University Institute of Education, 1977– 8. Went on to work for the London Borough of Southwark and Lambeth Youth Service, and completed a mural for Southwark. Her exhibitions included Ben Uri Summer Show, 1979; a shared exhibition at Ben Uri in 1980; RA Summer Exhibition, 1981; a shared show at Ice House, 1989; and also in that year she took part in a fourman exhibition at Woodlands Art Gallery. Was married to the painter Peter Morrell. Lived in London.

Alan HAMBLETON 1954–1998 Artist, born in Leek,

Staffordshire, who trained at West Surrey College of Art & Design, Farnham, 1975–8, then Manchester Polytechnic, 1979–80. Hambleton worked for Dundee Printmakers’ Workshop from 1980. In 1983 he was included in Scottish Print Open Three, which the Workshop organised; he was a Yorkshire Arts Artist in Industry; and was studying at Tamarind Institute, University of New Mexico, in America.

Self-taught painter, by profession a banker, living in Hadleigh, Suffolk, Harry HAMBLING 1902–1998


father of the artist Maggi Hambling. It was at her insistence that he began to experiment with oils at the age of 65. Although he had painted some watercolours when young and occasionally visited exhibitions, he then took up painting seriously. Work was notable for its strong design, visionary intensity and powerful colour, and it frequently featured the Suffolk countryside. His solo show at Brett Gallery, Hadleigh, in 1991 was a great success, and he had several others.

Dennis Pegg, proved controversial. Lived in London.

Landscape watercolourist, black-and-white artist, illuminator and etcher. Studied art at Newton Abbot School of Art with Wycliffe Egginton and Conway Blatchford, then at Bristol School of Art under Reginald Bush. Hambly went on to be a prolific exhibitor, venues including the RA, NEAC, SGA, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and in America. His work is in public collections in Australia and New Zealand. He taught at Salisbury School of Art and Camborne and Redruth School of Art in Cornwall. Lived at Chilcompton, Bath, Somerset. Arthur Creed HAMBLY 1900–1975

Maggi HAMBLING 1945– Artist, born in Suffolk, the

daughter of the artist Harry Hambling, whom she encouraged to paint. She studied with Arthur LettHaines and Cedric Morris, 1960, who ran the East Anglian School of Painting and Drawing; at Ipswich School of Art, 1962–4; Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1964–7; and Slade School of Fine Art, 1967–9, in the latter year gaining a Boise Travel Award which took her to New York. Hambling began to appear in group shows, such as A Space of 5 Times at Grabowski Gallery, the John Player Biennale in Nottingham and on several occasions at John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool. In 1967 the artist had her first solo exhibition at Hadleigh Gallery; she showed solo again at Morley Gallery in 1973 and in 1977 at Warehouse Gallery, when she also appeared at RA and won an Arts Council Award. Hambling, whose work is held by Arts Council, was an Expressionistic painter with vigorous brushwork, noted for her portrait and figure studies, including Max Wall the comedian and A J P Taylor, the historian. In 1980–1 Hambling was the first artist-in-residence at the National Gallery. She had solo shows at Serpentine Gallery, 1987; Bernard Jacobson in 1990, which included mature landscapes; and a first exhibition of sculptures at Marlborough Fine Art, 1996. In 2001, Marlborough showed Hambling’s studies of the model Henrietta Moraes, coinciding with the publication of Maggi & Henrietta, foreword by John Berger; there was another show, Father, at Morley Gallery. Hambling’s huge shell-shaped memorial to Benjamin Britten, sited on Aldeburgh beach in 2003 built by the town’s ironworkers Sam and

Francis HAMEL 1963– Painter whose output ranged

over realism, the symbolic and the surreal, as in his solo show at John Martin of London, 1999– 00, others following in 2001, 2002, 2003 and Oxford Paintings, 2004. He was educated at Marlborough College and Ruskin College, Oxford. Group shows included Westgate Library, Oxford, 1984, and Thompson’s Gallery, 1993. In 1997 Hamel completed theatre sets for Martin Guerre for Cameron Mackintosh. Other owners included Dorchester Hotel, Claridges, Moet et Chandon, National Westminster Bank, English Heritage, Bovis and Amec.

Painter and mosaicist, born in Penang, Malaya. She studied at Maidstone College of Art, Reading University and Newcastle University. She was a mosaic artist at Newcastle Art Centre, 1985, then two years later artist-inresidence at Fleming Hospital in Newcastle, where she lived. Group exhibitions included New Contemporaries, 1976; Sheffield Open at Mappin Art Gallery, 1983; Richard Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh, 1988; and the Newcastle Group’s The Northern Lights show in 1990 at DLI Museum & Arts Centre and tour. She had a solo show at that venue in 1986, later ones including Bondgate Gallery, Alnwick, 1988. Northern Arts and Kent Education Authority hold her work.

Cheryl HAMER 1952–


Dan HAMER 1923–1990

Artist who was born and

educated in Bolton, Lancashire. He was a lifelong rock climber and mountaineer, which was reflected in his pictures. When World War II began he was still at school, enlisting in the Royal Air Force in 1941. He spent the remainder of the war around the Mediterranean, sketch-pads charting his movements: sea front at Alexandria, burnt-out buildings at Tobruk, and pictures of Malta, Sicily and Italy, especially Mount Etna and Vesuvius. After the war he entered the Civil Service and began an outdoor career as a surveyor with the Ordnance Survey, always with a sketch pad. In 1949 he settled in Mossley, near Saddleworth, continuing mountaineering in the Lake District, Scotland and the Alps. Became a member of Saddleworth Art Group in 1950 and showed oils and watercolours at Saddleworth, Accrington, Haslingden, Bradford, regularly at Tib Lane Gallery in Manchester, and in 1973 in The Northern Scene at Woodlands Art Gallery.

Hampstead Artists’ Council and Heal’s Art Gallery. Taught at Monkey Club, Knightsbridge, then at youth clubs in Paddington, her experiences there, published in 1955 as Journey into a Fog, selling 25,000 copies. Died in London. There was a show of her watercolours at Würthle, Vienna, in 1987, and in 1993 Österreischische Galerie there acquired two of her oil paintings. Victoria & Albert Museum holds woodcuts by her. There was retrospective covering 1919–39 at the University of Exeter in 2001.

Constance HAMERSLEY fl. c.1905–1960 Painter, born in Timaru, New Zealand. After private education in Canada, Italy and England she studied art at the Slade School of Fine Art with Henry Tonks and Philip Wilson Steer, 1906–7, in Munich, in 1933, and four years later with André Lhote, in Paris. Exhibited RA, SWA and WIAC. Finally lived at Long Crendon, near Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire. Cuthbert HAMILTON 1884–1959 Artist, muralist and

Painter, potter and teacher, born in Accrington, Lancashire. He studied at the School of Art there, 1944–7 and 1949–50, Burnley School of Art, 1950–1, with Harold Thornton, and at Leeds College of Art, 1951–2. Went on to exhibit in the Accrington area and taught for a time at both his old Art School in that town and at Wolverhampton College of Art. Lived for a time in Wolverhampton. Frank HAMER 1929–

potter, born in India. He studied at the Slade School of Fine Art on a scholarship, 1899–1903, teaching art at Clifton College, 1907–10. In 1912–13 while working on murals and screens for Madame Strindberg’s Cabaret Theatre Club resumed friendship with Wyndham Lewis. He was invited by Roger Fry to exhibit with Grafton Group in 1913 and joined Omega Workshops, although with Lewis and others he left after a row with Fry. Margarete HAMERSCHLAG 1902–1958 Painter, Hamilton joined Lewis’ Rebel Art Centre and was illustrator, printmaker, writer and teacher, born in a signatory to the Vorticist manifesto in Blast, Vienna, Austria. She worked variously as M H, helping to illustrate the first issue. After World War Hamerschlag, later Berger-Hamerschlag or I he took part in the Group X exhibition, showing Margarete Berger-Hamerschlag, Margarete (or abstract-oriented work and pottery from the studio Margareta) Berger, Margareta Livia Berger or just he had founded, Yeoman Potteries. Died in Berger. From 1908–17 studied at the children’s art Cookham, Berkshire. His reputation was revived class run by Franz Cizek, a profound influence, by Vorticism and its Allies, Hayward Gallery, 1974; then in 1917–22 at Kunstgewerbeschule. In 1922 The Omega Workshops, Anthony d’Offay Gallery, married the architect and artist Joseph Berger. For 1984; and The Avant-Garde in Britain 1910–1960, the next dozen years she exhibited in Austria and at Fine Art Associates. abroad, wrote and illustrated several books, David HAMILTON 1947– Artist who attended including Edgar Allan Poe’s The Mask of the Red Sheffield and Leeds Polytechnics, 1972–6, and the Death. After living in Palestine, 1934–6, settled in Royal College of Art, 1978–81. In 1988 he England, and showed at Wertheim and Arcade participated in a group show at The Minories in Galleries and elsewhere, after World War II with 23

Colchester and BBC TV Open Space Artists in Residence and had South of Aswan reproduced for singer and poet Labi Siffre’s album and poster. Took part in Surrealism, Bury St Edmunds Art Gallery, and East End Open Studios, at Beck Road, in 1989.

Museums, both 1997; and The Blake Gallery, York, 2002. She had solo exhibitions at Foxhall Gallery, Washington, America, 1980, and Emscote Lawn, Warwick, 1996. Hamilton latterly devoted herself mainly to portraiture, although she also produced a number of wildlife studies and figures, including mother and child, African figures and dancers, dance being “probably the ultimate form of expression.” She sought the character as well as the appearance in his portraits, which included Sir Clement Freud, and was noted for her sensitive studies of children. Hamilton had work in many private collections around the world.

Ian HAMILTON fl. from late-1980s– Painter and draughtsman who graduated with a degree in fine art from Manchester College of Art, 1987. Hamilton

took part in mixed shows at Belltable, Limerick, 1990; One Oxford Street Gallery, Belfast, 1992–3; and in 1994 Beyond the Partitions and Works on Paper, both organised by Queen Street Studios, Belfast, with which he was associated for a time. Hamilton’s work was chosen for BP Young European Artists, Brussels, 1991, and Belfast Young Contemporaries, Belfast and London, 1992. Solo shows included Project Art Centre, Dublin; Navan Arts Festival; and Kerlin Gallery, Belfast, all 1990. Lived and worked in Galway, Irish Republic, and County Down, Northern Ireland.

Sculptor in bronze and teacher, born in Grundisburgh, Suffolk. Her father was the marine painter John Hamilton, her husband the artist Simon Allison and her great-uncle the bird painter Otto Murray-Dixon. Hamilton spent the first six years of her life in west Africa which had “a profound and lasting experience” on her work. Aged 14, she was impressed by the work of Michelangelo and the Renaissance, Rodin and Degas being other early influences. On leaving school she travelled to Italy where she worked and studied for several months. Hamilton attended Falmouth School of Art, 1968; City and Guilds School of Art, 1970, under James Butler; and Sir John Cass School of Art, part-time, 1979. She trained as a nurse after art school and then began sculpting professionally, teaching life drawing at North Oxfordshire College and at Nuneaton College, also conducting portrait sculpture workshops at the former and privately. She was a full member of the SPS. Between 1979–03 Hamilton had 35 two-man and group show appearances, including RA Summer Exhibition, from 1982; Chelsea Arts Society, 1989; Royal Aeronautical Society, 1991; Lockbund Sculpture, Oxfordshire Art Weeks, from 1991; Idlicote House, Warwickshire, 1995; Banbury and Woodstock

John HAMILTON 1919–1993 Painter in oil of major

sea battles of the twentieth century and historical sailing ships, notable for accurate detail. After Bradfield College he served in the Army in the Far East, winning the Military Cross. After the war he worked in a Suffolk Borstal; went to the Gold Coast to start the approved school system there; after eight years returning to England to work in industry. Holidaying in Tresco, in the Scilly Isles where he later settled, he decided to become a painter, in which he was self-taught. His first big collection covered the war in the Atlantic, over 70 pictures now in the Imperial War Museum’s HMS Belfast. The war in the Pacific was depicted in about 100 pictures, now in the Pentagon, in America; there was also a series on the Falklands campaign; and Hamilton then started on a run of 200 Antarctic paintings, setting up a branch of the Antarctic Heritage Trust in 1992. He showed with RSMA and had solo shows in Hamburg, 1979, and London, 1980.

Jane HAMILTON 1950–

John HAMILTON fl. from mid-1980s– After

working in the civil service, Hamilton graduated in fine art from University of Ulster, Belfast, in 1984. In 1985

he participated in an Alternative Lifestyles bookshop exhibition, Belfast; in 1986 and 1989 he exhibited with Harmony Hill Arts Centre, in the city; and in 1994 Hamilton took part in the shows Works on Paper and Beyond the Partitions, sponsored by the Queen Street Studios, with which he was associated. In 1985 shared a show at Otter Gallery, Belfast. Hamilton’s drawings and paintings had strong elements of Symbolism and the surreal. 24

Katherine HAMILTON: see Kate GAULT

Serpentine Gallery in 1975, then it was 1991 before he had a major exhibition in London, this time at Anthony d’Offay. Hamilton taught at Central School of Art in 1952–3; was at King’s College, University of Durham, 1953–66; and in 1957–61 taught at Royal College of Art. Hamilton was a disciple of Marcel Duchamp; he reconstructed Duchamp’s Large Glass in the mid-1960s and shortly after organised the exhibition The Almost Complete Works of Marcel Duchamp at Tate Gallery. The Tate, which gave Hamilton a major retrospective in 1992, holds his work, as does Arts Council. He was made a Companion of Honour in 1999 Millennium New Year’s Honours List. In 2001 Alan Cristea Gallery, in Tuppence Coloured, surveyed Hamilton’s printmaking career. In 2002 a British Museum/British Council touring show examined Hamilton’s lifelong response to James Joyce’s novel Ulysses. Hamilton was included in Tate Britain’s show Days Like these in 2003. His Prints and Multiples, 1939–2002, were exhibited at the Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, Connecticut, in 2004.

After studying at Byam Shaw Art School, 1983–4, Hamilton graduated with honours from Kingston Polytechnic, 1984– 7. Group exhibitions included Open Show, Café Gallery, 1988, and in 1989 Pieces of Eight at Pyramid Arts Centre, Chelsea School of Art and East End Open Studios, based at Vyner Street Studios. Laura HAMILTON 1964–

Painter and embroiderer, daughter of a bobbin manufacturer, James Hamilton of Glasgow, who settled the family in Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire. Her elder brother was the Glasgow School artist James Whitelaw Hamilton, she married the painter Alexander Nisbet Paterson in 1897 and their daughter was the artist Viola Paterson. She was an embroiderer of painstaking determination, one of her works in The Paterson Family show at Belgrave Gallery, in 1977, having taken five years to finish. Showed widely at RSA and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts as well as RA and Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. Susie HAMILTON 1950– Painter, born and lived in London, whose work used violent contrasts in tone Richard HAMILTON 1922– Painter, teacher, and hard, bright colours and was “to do with ideas exhibition organiser and artist employing a variety of means such as holographs, cibachrome and the of the desert or wasteland”. She studied at St Quantel paintbox computer. He was born in Martin’s School of Art, 1969–72, gaining her London where in 1936 he studied at Westminster diploma, notable teachers including Henry Mundy, Technical College and St Martin’s School of Art Gillian Ayres and Albert Herbert. During the midin the evenings. After a short period working in 1970s she was a cartoonist for magazines such as the Reimann Studios Hamilton studied at Royal Spare Rib and Time Out and worked in publishing Academy Schools in 1938, and in 1946, during the as an editor/designer. Hamilton from 1977–81 read intervening period studying to be an engineering English at London University, gaining an honours draughtsman, skills which he employed with the degree and her doctorate in 1989, combining later firm EMI. While he was at Slade School of Fine studies with lecturing in English at Middlesex Art, 1948–51, Hamilton in 1950 had first solo show Polytechnic and West London Institute of Higher at Gimpel Fils Gallery. This was the start of an Education. She attended Byam Shaw School of impressive exhibiting career which saw Hamilton’s Art 1989–92, for a fine art diploma, teachers Wynn work shown at such locations as Robert Fraser Jones and Julia Farrer. Showed at Capsule Gallery, Gallery; Studio Marconi, Milan; Stedelijk 1992; in 1993 The Gallery at John Jones, Battersea Museum, Amsterdam; and Vancouver Art Gallery. Contemporary Art Fair and The Coventry Gallery; Hamilton was a prizewinner at John Moores in 1994 sharing a show at Coram Gallery; Exhibition, Liverpool, in 1969, the year before his exhibiting solo at A22 and Timothy Everest retrospective at Tate Gallery. He had a show at Galleries, 2000. The Economist holds her work. Maggie HAMILTON



John Hamilton–HOLDEN: see John Hamilton Holden

Spotted Pony Society. His ability to blend horse and landscape into a dignified whole, generosity with his work and sweet nature brought HamiltonRenwick many friends.

Painter, printmaker and teacher, born in London as Mary Hamilton Mack. After initial education in east London she studied at the Slade School of Fine Art, her teachers including Henry Tonks and Walter Westley Russell, where she was a Slade Scholarship and Melville Nettleship award-winner. In the 1920s she worked in Australia, partly in Sydney, and exhibited. Also showed RA, Goupil Gallery, NEAC, RBA and was an ICA member. Taught art at Fulham County Secondary School for a time, living in London. Hamilton MACK 1903–

Paul HAMLYN 1953– Artist in various media, born

in Stockport, Cheshire. He studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1979–80; St Martin’s School of Art, 1980–3; then returned to Goldsmiths’ in 1986–8. In 1991 he created the site-specific installation PITCH and showed at Alternative Arts. His picture Lucifer was chosen for John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool, in 1991–2. Lived in London.

Lionel HAMILTON-RENWICK 1917–2003 Equestrian

artist, dog breeder and judge, brought up in Northumberland, whose family background was of lasting importance. His grandfather, the Conservative Member of Parliament Sir George Renwick, at his home Newminster Abbey, near Morpeth, kept border terriers and bred racehorses; his father bred pigeons and kept beagles; and his uncle, John, the second baronet, bred border terriers, was a racehorse trainer and master of foxhounds, encouraging Lionel’s love of hunting, which he pursued with the North Tyne Foxhounds and West Percy Hunt. A weak chest absolved Hamilton-Renwick from World War II military service. Following work in a munitions factory and on a dairy farm, after hostilities he bred Jersey cows near Rye. Having complained to the sporting paper Rally that “my cows look more like horses than your illustrator’s attempts,” and being challenged by the editor to paint his own equine pictures, Hamilton-Renwick studied at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art, then landscape painting in Epsom, and became a professional painter. By 1953 he was showing in Bond Street, and was making his reputation with a classic portrait of the Queen’s chestnut colt Aureole, now in the Royal Collection. Other notable subjects included the stallion Prince Taj, and Red Rum, one image appearing on an Isle of Man postage stamp. Hamilton-Renwick was a pioneer British breeder of Dobermann and miniature pinschers and Pharaoh hounds, a judge at Crufts, a fan of miniature Shetlands and president of the British

Medina HAMMAD 1963– Painter, draughtsman and

teacher, born in Middlesex. She studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1981–2, and Newport College of Art, Gwent, 1982–5. She went on to teach at Lincolnshire College of Art and Design. Much of Hammad’s work explored her Sudanese/English background with freshness, vitality and a bold use of colour. She exhibited at Usher Gallery, Lincoln, in 1988, and was included in the Norwich Gallery travelling show History and Identity, 1991–2. Hammad had a solo exhibition of new and recent work in 2002 at 4 Victoria Street, Bristol, curated by Eddie Chambers, another at the University of Leeds in 2004. Lived in Lincoln.

Alice Berger HAMMERSCHLAG 1917–1969 Painter and administrator, born in Vienna, who moved to Northern Ireland in 1938, dying in Belfast. As well as designing for publishers she created stage sets throughout Ireland, was closely involved in running the New Gallery and was a versatile painter in whose work Expressionism and grand themes were significant. She studied, 1929–38, under the pioneer child art teacher Franz Cizek, at the Kunstgewerbeschule and Vienna Academy of Arts. Exhibitions included Queen’s University in Belfast, Avgarde Gallery in Manchester, Dawson Gallery in Dublin, Ulster Office, RSA and SSWA. Ulster Museum, Ulster Television and Arts Council of Northern Ireland hold examples. Her husband Heinz Hammerschlag set up the Alice Berger Hammerschlag Award to help artists after her death.


Tom HAMMICK 1963– Artist and teacher, born in Tidworth, Wiltshire, who gained a first-class honours degree at Camberwell School of Art with printmaking commendation, followed by master’s degree studies, studies lasting 1987–92. In 1992 he was appointed head of painting and drawing at Eton College, and was a visiting lecturer, Nova Scotia College of Art, 1995. Hammick won the Spectator Award in 1988, in 1994 being a finalist in The Gilchrist Fisher Memorial Fund competition at Cadogan Contemporary with work which was close to abstraction. Took part in group shows at Redfern Gallery, with a solo exhibition there in 1996, three years after one at Star Gallery, Lewes. In 1997 he was included in The Large Print Show at Christchurch Mansion, Ipwich, and in 1999 Hammick-designed tapestries were shown at Redfern and Glyndebourne Festival Opera. The artist took part in Undercurrents, a three-man exhibition at the Eagle Gallery, and showed at a former factory, 35–7 Bethnal Green Road, both in 2000, with further solo exhibitions at Eagle in 2002 and 2003 Hammick lived in London. Arts Council holds his work.

Hammond won the Rome Scholarship in painting in 1938, her time there being cut short by the start of World War II. After war service she seized the opportunity after the Blitz to capture many views of the city of London never before visible, soon to be hidden again. Miss Hammond continued to live by her brush, painting in Canada, America, Europe and the Near East. She had many commissions to paint portraits, including Professor Francis Wormald for the Society of Antiquaries and Dr Kate Bertram for Lucy Cavendish College in Cambridge. The Fitzwilliam Museum there and Museum of London hold her work. Her solo shows included Bishopsgate Institute, 1956; Hartnoll & Eyre, 1978; and Michael Parkin Gallery, 1993. Sotheby’s at Olympia held a studio sale in 2006. Lived in London.

Beryl HAMMILL 1942–

John HAMMOND 1961–

Artist in a wide range of media, except acrylic, born in Hexham, Northumberland. She studied at Chelsea Polytechnic with Henry Moore and Graham Sutherland and at Royal Academy Schools with Walter Russell and Tom Monnington. She also studied etching at night classes. After winning the competition to decorate the ceiling of the new Senate House of London University in 1937

Mark HAMMOND 1967– Painter of gestural, lyrical

Joel HAMMOND 1963– Self-taught painter who was

born in Littletown, County Durham. His first major showing was at John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool, 1991–2, a highly-charged, colourful, autobiographical picture called Three. Lived in London.

Painter of luminous and colourful scenes based on strong underlying draughtsmanship who worked initially in watercolour, later in acrylic, creating a surface notable for its subtle glazes. Hammond was born in Woodford Green, northeast London, and trained at Bath Academy of Art in his early twenties. He showed throughout the United Kingdom, including ROI; the first South West Academy of Fine Arts Open, in 2000, winning a prize; and in New Year New Works, Albemarle Gallery, 2003. Lived in Chippenham, Wiltshire.

Textile artist, born in Harrogate, Yorkshire, who studied at Batley and Leeds Colleges of Art. In the 1970s Hammill mostly produced experimental textiles, in 1979 concentrating on tapestry weaving. Using wools that she often hand-dyed, Hammill worked from her favourite landscapes of Ilkley Moor, Yorkshire, on the edge of which she lived, and the west coast of Scotland. Her tapestries were exhibited in Denmark, Australia and in Britain, including Images of the Yorkshire Landscape, organised by Sheeran Lock at Leeds Civic Hall in 1991. Hermione HAMMOND 1910–2005


abstracts, born in Harpenden, Hertfordshire, who gained a degree in fine art at Kingston Polytechnic, 1988–91, then a postgraduate higher diploma at Slade School of Fine Art, 1993–5. He was awarded a two-year scholarship by the Worshipful Company of Painter-Stainers. Exhibitions included Elemental at The Blue Gallery, 1995, which gave him his first solo show in 1996: The Deluge Paintings. In 1996

at the Pelham School of Art, South Kensington, under Arthur Cope, then at the London School of Art under John Swan, William Nicholson, Frank Brangwyn and George Lambert. She soon became acquainted with Walter Sickert, of whom she painted an excellent portrait, and Henri GaudierBrzeska, who sculpted her. Began to exhibit, in the Albert Hall, at the NEAC and LG. Went to Paris, Paul HAMMOND 1947– Artist employing acrylic on quickly becoming a member of the bohemian set, hardboard, assemblage and collage, born in Derby, meeting artists such as Modigliani and Brancusi who attended the College of Art there, 1965–6, and working at Marie Wassilieff’s Academy, where under Brian Mills; Leeds College of Art, 1966–9, Fernand Léger taught. She went on to exhibit at studying with Patrick Hughes and Glyn Williams; the RA, Leicester Galleries, Redfern Gallery, and Slade School of Fine Art, 1969–71, under Arthur Tooth and Son and the Salon d’Automne, Robyn Denny. Hammond considered that he Paris. Her life was recounted in Laughing Torso, worked “with a guarded fealty, in the orbit of 1932, and Is She a Lady?, 1955, discursive but Surrealism”, and his output was widely illustrated amusing books. She also illustrated the People’s in publications covering that field, such as J H Album of London Statues, by Osbert Sitwell. After Matthews’ The Imagery of Surrealism, 1977, as World War II Hamnett, a good painter and fine well as Surrealism, Melmoth, SUBobJECTIVITÉS, draughtsman whose achievement could have been The Hourglass Review, Dies und Das and The Day much greater, became known as a hard-drinking Book. Group show appearances included The member of the group of artists and writers who World Surrealist Exhibition, Gallery Black Swan, haunted Fitzrovia, in London, where she died, a Chicago, 1976; Surrealism Unlimited, Camden noted character. Tenby Museum held a centenary Arts Centre, 1978; In the Spirit of Surrealism, show in 1990. Bradbury & Birch Fine Art, 1984; Le Mouvement PHASES 1952–1988: l’expérience continue, Nichollas HAMPER 1956– Painter, employing Musée des Beaux-Arts André Malraux, Le Havre, unconventional media such as car spray and and Surrealism Is Dead, Long Live Surrealism!, Hammerite; teacher, born in Chatham, Kent. His The Crawshaw Gallery, both 1988; Quadrinom: younger brother was the artist Billy Childish. He Hammond-Pusey-Welson-West Galerie 13, studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1975–9, and Hanover, 1991; and 87 images, 71 artistes, 23 pays Royal College of Art, 1980–2. Went on to teach at de la planisphere PHASES, Galeries d’art à Oxford Polytechnic, 1988–91, and was also visiting vocation pédagogique des collèges publiques de lecturer at Ruskin School of Drawing. Group show Plemet, Plouec-Lié y Quintin, Bretaña, 1994. appearances included Tolly Cobbold, 1985; Smiths Galleries, 1985–8; and Raab Gallery, 1988. In Settled in Barcelona, Spain. 1991–2 he was a prizewinner at John Moores Roy HAMMOND 1934– Topographical Exhibition, Liverpool, with a dynamic, large watercolourist who was an engineering designer canvas: The Intervention of the Doner Kebab. He for Ford Motors. He was able to paint full-time on had solo shows at Fischer Fine Art in 1985; at retirement and to travel. He had a number of sell- Oxford Polytechnic and Ruskin School 1990; as out shows with Chris Beetles Ltd, including Roy well as abroad. Lived in Oxford. Hammond in Egypt, 1987; In Istanbul, 1988; and John HAMPSON 1898– Painter and architect, born Roy Hammond’s London, 1990. in Tyldesley, Lancashire. He studied at Manchester Nina HAMNETT 1890–1956 Painter, draughtsman University, studying painting privately with several and writer. Born in Tenby, Wales, she studied art teachers. Exhibited at Mansfield Museum and Art Hammond was included in New Contemporaries at Tate Gallery, Liverpool, and Camden Arts Centre. Hammond had work in Loaded, Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, 1997, and Supermarketed, Victoria & Albert Museum, 2000. His strongly gestural pictures were chosen by Gavin Turk for Artist of the Day, Flowers Central, 2004.


Gallery which holds his work, with Denbighshire Art Society of which he was a member and elsewhere in north Wales. Lived for many years in Rhyl, Flintshire.

David HAMSHERE 1902– Artist in oil, pastel, charcoal and pencil, born at Freretown, Mombasa. Hamshere studied art with Stanhope Forbes, the Newlyn School painter, in the late 1920s, followed by a period in Florence, at the Byam Shaw School under Francis Jackson, and at the Slade School in the early 1930s under Allan Gwynne-Jones. He exhibited widely, including the RA, Hesketh Hubbard Art Society and NEAC, one-man shows including the Canaletto Gallery in London and galleries in Cyprus, Florence and Turkey. Lived in London.

Roger HAMPSON 1925–1996 Painter, printmaker and

teacher, born in Tyldesley, Lancashire. Hampson was noted for his straightforward depictions of southeast Lancashire, mines and miners. He studied at Manchester College of Art, 1946–51, with Paul Keen and Norman Jaques. Hampson began teaching at Bolton Secondary Technical School, 1951–3; lectured at Hereford School of Art, 1953– 4; was a graphic designer, 1954–61; was at Bolton College of Art & Design, eventually as principal, 1961–7; then was principal of Loughborough College of Art & Design, 1978–86. He was a member of MAFA, being its president, 1969–76, and was a fellow of the Chartered Society of Designers. Took part in over 100 group shows and had some 30 solo exhibitions, including Tib Lane Gallery, Manchester, from 1963. Lived finally in Hereford. Lancashire Mining Museum, Salford, held a memorial show and The Gallery, Manchester’s Art House, a retrospective, both in 1996.

Artist and designer with a strong interest in marine subjects, born and lived in London. He studied at St Martin’s School of Art. Was a member of RSMA from 1970, also the Wapping Group of Artists and showed widely in America. Dennis John HANCERI 1928–

Manchester-born and based figurative artist, who studied at the Metropolitan University there, 1993–6. Group shows included Northern Graduates, Royal College of Art, 1996; Designed to Sell, Castlefield Gallery, Manchester, 1998; John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1999; BP Portrait Award, 2000 and 2001 (when he was commended); and Perverse Pop, Catto Contemporary, 2002. Hancock twice won the North West Arts Board Individual Artist’s Award. Later solo shows included Something Beautiful, Something Free, Arc, Manchester, 1999, in which Hancock looked at the culture of modern self-absorbed and alienated youth, and The Beautiful People, Viewtwogallery, Liverpool, 2001.

David HANCOCK 1973–

Michael HAMPTON 1937– Painter of birds and other

natural history subjects, full name F Michael Hampton, born in Croydon, Surrey, attending the School of Art there. He was a member of SWLA, also exhibiting with Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Blackheath Gallery and in the provinces. A number of SWLA calendars reproduced his work. Lived in Shirley, Surrey.

Installations artist who attended Central School of Arts and Crafts, Kenneth W HANCOCK 1911–1978 Painter, notably 1978–9, then Bath Academy of Art in Corsham, of portraits and flowers, born in Mumbles, 1979–82. His brand of conceptual art consisted of Swansea. He studied at the Swansea School of Art collecting, categorising and assembling found and Royal College of Art and went on to teach, objects, treating twigs, leaves or artificial flowers notably as principal of Swansea College of Art. as if they were scientific specimens and thereby Showed with RCamA, SWG, Royal National exploring human perceptions of reality. Exhibitions Eisteddfod and elsewhere. WAC, National included East 94 at Norwich Gallery, 1994; and in Museum of Wales in Cardiff and Glynn Vivian Art 1995 Collective Evidence at Northbank Gallery Gallery, Swansea, hold his work. and Bruce Castle Museum. Lived in London. Hugh Hamshaw-THOMAS 1959–


the city. Handley won a prize in a Punch cartoon competition for amateurs in 1969 and subsequently drew for the Cambridge Evening News. He began making lino-cuts in 1980 inspired by the work of Edward Bawden, for whom he had designed a studio in Saffron Walden, and by the quaint cuts of Joseph Crawhall of Newcastle. Handley took part in many group shows, held several solo exhibitions in Cambridge, where he lived, from 1981, later ones including The Old Fire Engine House, Ely, 1998.

Painter who studied at the Brook Green School, which the artist Leon Underwood opened in 1921, where life drawing was the mainstay of instruction. Hand exhibited RA, ROI, Walker’s Galleries, Lefevre Gallery, Fine Art Society and in the provinces. Lived in London. Frederick HAND 1880–

Martin HANDFORD 1956– Artist in pen and ink and pencil, born in London. He was best known for the Where’s Wally? cartoon books, incorporating many tiny characters, one of the most successful children’s ideas of all time. Over 25 million copies had been sold by the early 1990s in over 20 countries in 19 languages. Made into a television series for British television in 1993 and one book was the first children’s book ever advertised on the moving lights billboard in Times Square, New York. Cinema epics and playing with toy soldiers were early influences on Handford, who attempted to recapture the excitement by drawing crowds of stick figures. He worked for three years in an insurance office to finance his degree at art college. Each Wally picture took eight weeks to draw. Handford also showed in the RA Summer Exhibition, at Leonie Jonleigh Studio, Wonersh, Guildford, and was included in the Arts Council’s tour Fragments Against Ruin, 1981–2, with The Battle of Chacabuco. Lived for a time at Cobham, Surrey, and at Axminster, Devon.

Illustrator, writer, local historian of the Monmouthshire area and teacher. After service in World War I Hando was appointed headmaster of Hatherleigh School, Newport. He wrote and illustrated, in pen and ink, seven books which stemmed from his extensive travels around the nooks and corners of Gwent, recording many houses and places now disappeared. To some extent the books were based on the almost 800 articles he wrote for the South Wales Argus, called “Monmouthshire Sketchbook”, starting in the 1950s and ending just before his death. The writer Arthur Machen, associated with the same area, wrote a foreword to Hando’s book The Pleasant Land of Gwent, published in 1944.

Fred HANDO 1888–1970

Neil HANGER 1962– Artist, notably a sculptor, born

in Dartford, Kent, who gained a fine art honours Mark HANDLEY 1943– Maker of lino-cuts which degree at Bretton Hall College of Art, 1981–5. indicated an interest in pictorial humour, larger Group exhibitions included Crescent Gallery, cuts of architectural subjects and compositions Scarborough, 1984; Open Print Show, Contact suggesting “a rather dark view of the human Gallery, Norwich, 1989; East Anglian Photo Open, condition”. Born at Royston, Hertfordshire, he Norwich Arts Centre, Norwich, 1996; Air, attended Uppingham School, reading English at Slaughter House, Aldeburgh, 1999; and Over the Cambridge University, 1961–4, from 1964–5 River, firstsite, Colchester/Wolsey Art Gallery, studying architecture at the Architectural Ipswich, 2002. Hanger then wrote that he was Association School. From 1965 Handley was interested in “trying to make objects that appear employed by the County Architect of Hertfordshire to be familiar but on closer examination aren’t and began a day-release course in architecture at really known at all…. I want my work to make the Polytechnic of North London. In 1968 he you think about your everyday life…. My sculpture gained his master’s degree from Cambridge, in is about the reappraisal of the small and 1972 qualifying for exemption from the RIBA part insignificant.” Thus Hanger’s sculptures resembled one examination. He then worked in the boxes, shelves, cupboards and cabinets, but were Cambridgeshire County Architect’s department subtly modified so that they appeared both from 1969–78, later joining Yakeley Associates in conventional and alien. Later solo shows included 30

Domestic Espionage, Christchurch Mansion, Squires. Hanley said that by the time he finished Ipswich, 1999. Lived in Great Glemham, there he was “utterly sick of art.” He started his Saxmundham, Suffolk. first band half way through the art school, and after leaving “spent about 15 years concentrating on Christopher HANKEY 1911–2000 Untaught painter, rock, but most of the money came from design, born in Oxted, Surrey, who graduated in modern letterheads to interiors. Those discos and pubs we history from Oxford University in 1932. He designed were like nothing else … A little bit of became a trainee with a civil engineering firm, journalism, a sci-fi strip, but it was my rock band obtaining a degree in that subject from University that got me to London.” In 1984 Hanley suffered College in 1939, then served a year as private a brain haemorrhage, which affected his left hand, secretary to his father, Lord Hankey, a member of and after recuperating in 1986 he was urged to the War Cabinet. Served in the Royal paint again. Hanley became most famous for his Engineers/Royal Marines, 1940–6, widely many paintings and lithographs of fleeting overseas, then became a civil servant, initially with glimpses of people in cars, prompted by an the Ministry of Labour, then with the Ministry of experience in Toronto in 1986; for him they were Overseas Development until 1972 and official “protagonists in modern-day icons”. Hanley was retirement. For six years he did similar work with a member of National Artists’ Association. Mixed a quango. Although on walking holidays in Europe shows included Royal Glasgow Institute of the Hankey sketched constantly, his later work Fine Arts, 1988; South Bank Picture Show, 1991; concentrated on the architecture and countryside Workers Against Racism, The Edge Gallery, 1993; around his home near Westerham, Kent, as shown ArtExpo, Jacob Javits Center, New York, 1995; in his first solo exhibition, at Mistral Galleries, and New Year Show at St Thomas’ Hospital, which Westerham, in 1992. Hankey’s landscapes and holds his work, 1996. There were further ones at seascapes were mostly small, “the main Bath Society of Artists Open from 2000; RWA characteristic of which is clear, clean colours with from 2001; and RBSA, 2005. Later solo exhibitions a sense of space”. He was a member of the Armed included The Gallery, Gabriel’s Wharf, and Forces’ Art Society, also showing with RA, NS, Whiteleys’ Atrium, both 1996, the latter a ROI and RBA. retrospective; Laughter II, Bath Society Meeting Room, Bath, 1999; The Life of Stuff, CentreSpace Roderick HANLAN 1928– Sculptor and teacher, born Gallery, Bristol, 2002; The New Gallery, RWA, in Penygraig, Glamorgan. After National Service, 1946–8, Hanlan lectured in three-dimensional 2004; and Medium Medium, Rainbow Restaurant design in Kingston. He lived in Germany for in Bristol, where he had earlier moved from several years in the 1960s. Group shows included London, 2005. Archer Gallery, New Art Centre, Arnolfini Gallery in Bristol, SEA, SWG and WAC. One-man exhibitions included several in Germany and Drian Gallery, constructions. Commissions included WAC award-winning sculpture Look Up, sited in Newtown.

Hilary HANLEY 1937– Printmaker, wife of the artist

Liam Hanley, who studied etching at the Hampstead Arts Centre in the 1960s, but then pursued a job in publishing. She later returned to printmaking full-time, working in a studio guided by Peter Freeth. Her subtle and atmospheric prints were exhibited at the RE Open, at Bankside and Cliff HANLEY 1948– Artist and musician, born Glasgow, using as media acrylic, oil, lithography Mall Galleries; with Beardsmore Gallery; The and wood engraving. Cliff Hanley, writer, was his Millinery Works and in other mixed shows in father, and David Hanley, cameraman, his uncle. England and America. Hanley was one of 4 Hanley attended Glasgow School of Art, 1967– Camden Printmakers at the Footstool Gallery, St 72, teachers including William Bone and Geoff John’s Smith Square, in 2002. She lived in London. 31

Liam HANLEY 1933– Artist in oil on cotton on paper and watercolour, born and lived in London. Hanley was a part-time student at Central School of Art briefly, but was mainly self-taught. His painting life began in the mid-1950s. He was a journalist at night, painting during the day, and did not become a full-time artist until he was 55, in 1987. There were many changes in Hanley’s work, the most lasting influences being Ben Nicholson and Morandi. “I do not paint of things,” he wrote, but “about things and feelings.” Among Hanley’s many mixed show appearances were AIA Gallery, St Pancras and Camden Festivals, Tib Lane Gallery in Manchester, RA Summer Exhibitions, Phoenix Gallery in Lavenham and Thackeray Gallery. He had a solo show at Royal Society of Arts in 1962, later ones including, in 1991, Broughton House Gallery in Cambridge, Phoenix Gallery and Bronwen White Gallery, New Orleans. He was latterly represented by the Beardsmore Gallery, which showed his elegant and considered paintings in solo exhibitions in 2002 and 2005. In 1964 Hanley made illustrations for a limited edition of Face of Winter, by James Hanley, his father. Liam’s uncle Gerald Hanley was also a notable novelist. Graves Art Gallery in Sheffield, Abbot Hall Art Gallery in Kendal and a number of local authorities hold examples. He sometimes painted as Liam H.

Versatile artist and teacher, full name James Patrick Hanly, born in Palmerston North, New Zealand, whose recreations in New Zealand Who’s Who were given as “kite-flying, sailing, Greenpeace”. He graduated with a Fine Arts Diploma from Canterbury University, New Zealand, in 1956, moving to London in 1957 with Gil Taverner, a photographer, whom he married in 1958. They travelled in Europe, and in London Hanly painted stage sets, worked part-time at Christopher Wren School and exhibited with Gallery One, LG, RBA, Young Contemporaries, the Edinburgh Festival and John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, having his first solo show at the Comedy Gallery in 1961. In 1962 the Hanlys returned to New Zealand, where he taught at the Auckland School of Architecture from 1963. Hanly

received many awards and scholarships, including an Arts Council Scholarship, 1960, and Queen Elizabeth II Arts Council Grant in 1963 and 1980. As a painter and printmaker his exuberant, colourful pictures were mostly figurative and as well as dealing with domestic and family themes frequently expressed an underlying concern for social and political issues, such as nuclear arms and Apartheid. Hanly’s work was included in many group exhibitions, solo shows and several retrospectives. Gradually, all the major municipal, provincial and private collections in New Zealand, where he lived in Auckland, acquired his work. He completed over a dozen commissions in churches and other public buildings, including big murals for Auckland Airport, 1978, the University of Auckland School of Architecture, 1982, and Aotea Centre’s Convention Centre, Auckland, 1990.

Nael HANNA 1959– Painter and draughtsman whose

Pat HANLY 1932–2004


work included Scottish landscapes and seascapes with strong gestural and abstract elements. Hanna was born in Nineveh, northern Iraq, of mixed culture. He spent much of his childhood studying and drawing animals, birds and people. Aged 19, he entered college before being drafted into the Army to serve during the Iraq War. Whilst serving, he was awarded a scholarship by the Ministry of Education, Baghdad, to study art in Britain, in 1983 undertaking art and language courses in Southampton before attending Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, where he gained first-class honours, 1989. He won several awards, including first prize in the Dundee 800 Open Competition; a Hospitalfield Summer Scholarship, Arbroath, 1987, during which he developed his love of the Scottish east coast, with its dramatic scenery and ever-changing weather; and the RSA John Kinross Scholarship, which took him to study in Florence, Italy. Hanna showed widely throughout the United Kingdom, including RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and in London galleries, as well as widely abroad. He had a solo show at Duncan R Miller Fine Arts, Hampstead, in 2004. Public, international corporate and private collections hold examples. Hanna

settled in the Angus countryside with his Scottish Gallery. Among his main works were Twilight, wife and family. Sea Hawks and The Schooner. Lived in Bristol but was buried at Publow churchyard. Charles Arthur HANNAFORD 1887–1972 Landscape painter in watercolour. Studied at Plymouth Art Brendan HANSBRO 1967– Printmaker and teacher, School. The son of the painter Charles E born in Leeds, Yorkshire, who obtained a Hannaford, he opted to sign his pictures Hannaford foundation certificate there at Jacob Kramer Junior. Wrote The Charm of the Norfolk Broads College of Art, 1985–6; graduated with first-class and exhibited principally at the RBA, as well as honours, fine art, from Canterbury College of Art, the RA and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine 1986–9; and took a higher diploma in fine art at Arts. Lived at Wroxham, Norfolk. Slade School of Fine Art, 1989–91. Awards included a Scholarship in Printmaking, British Charles E HANNAFORD 1863–1955 Watercolourist School at Rome, Italy, 1992–3, and Villiers David of landscapes, who studied under Stanhope Forbes Travel Prize, 2000, which took Hansbro to New and in Paris. Father of the artist Charles Arthur York and Las Vegas; they held “a special allure for Hannaford. Exhibited RA, RI, RBA, RCamA and me as an artist fascinated by the metropolitan had several one-man shows before World War I at environment” and resulted in a solo exhibition at Walker’s Galleries. Lived at Stalham, Norfolk. Curwen, the nominating gallery, in 2001. He had residencies at Canterbury College of Art, 1993, Andrew HANNAH 1907– Painter and museum curator, born in Glasgow, where he remained, the and Winchester School of Art, 1994. Hansbro was son of a local authority art supervisor. Hannah a printmaking lecturer there, as well as teaching graduated from Glasgow University with a Master in France and Spain. He took part in many group of Arts degree and studied at the city’s School of exhibitions in Britain and abroad. There was a solo Art, 1932–5, where his teachers included Hugh exhibition, London views tinged a slight quirkiness, Adam Crawford and J D Revel. As well as being at Curwen Gallery in 2003. University College deputy director for art for Glasgow Museums and London, British School at Rome, Canterbury Royal Art Galleries Hannah was for some years in charge Museum & Art Gallery and other public collections of the Burrell Collection. He also edited the hold examples.

publication Architectural Prospect. Glasgow Art Brian HANSCOMB 1944– Printmaker, born near Club member. Watford, Hertfordshire, who aged 16 was apprenticed as a copperplate letterpress engraver, Clifford HANNEY 1890–1990 Painter of marine, landscape and figure subjects and teacher, married qualifying aged 24. In 1975–7 attended to the artist Eirene Hutton-Seed. He was born at Hertfordshire College of of Art and Design, moving Publow, Pensford, near Bristol and studied at the to Frome in 1978 to work as a gravure engraver. University there and art at West Marlands School In 1979 left industry to work as a full-time of Art, Southampton, and Bristol Municipal School artist/engraver from his home. Was a member of of Art under R E J Bush. He was art master at Bristol Printmakers’ Co-operative, 1978–80, being Kimbolton Grammar School, 1923, then after a elected to Printmakers’ Council of Great Britain number of appointments was principal of Crewe in 1981. Mixed shows included RA Summer School of Art, 1943–50. Was elected an associate Exhibition from 1976, NEAC from 1977 and RWA of RWA, 1923, was one of the founders of the New from 1979. Solo shows included one in Berlin, Bristol Art Club in 1933 and was elected to Bristol 1977, another in Bath, 1981. Department of the Savages in 1951, becoming its president in 1963. Environment holds his work. Lived at St Breward, Showed at ROI, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, Bodmin, Cornwall. Manchester City Art Gallery and Oldham Art


Marcelle HANSELAAR 1945– Painter, draughtsman,

illustrator and teacher, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands, who studied at Royal Academy of Visual Arts, The Hague, 1962–4, and Rijks Academie, Amsterdam, 1977–8. She painted and travelled extensively in Europe, Central Asia and the Far East. Teaching included Central and St Martin’s Schools of Art, 1987–8; lectures at Sotheby’s Institute from 1989; and in China from 1993 at several colleges. Hanselaar had a great interest in the European Expressionist tradition, reflected in her own figurative work and unusual palette. German painters such as Beckmann, Heckel, Hacker, Lüpertz and Fetting influenced work which from 1991 was “involved with themes of the human condition such as ageing, fear, a search for identity in our make-believe world and my anger and rebellion against soulless social behaviour … I portray this with with a sense of compassion and humour”. Illustrations included Buddhism Now from 1989; Ajahn Sumedho’s Teaching of a Buddhist monk, 1990; Elements of Zen, by David Scott, 1992; and work for Risk magazine. Group shows included Morley Gallery, 1983; Links of Affinity, Knapp Gallery and Glasgow Art Club, 1989; and Identity, Towner Art Gallery, Eastbourne, 1995. Had a solo show at De Kosmos, Amsterdam, 1976, with a string of exhibitions in Netherlands and Britain after that, later ones including Millinery Works, 1999, 24 Royal Circus, Edinburgh, 2000, East West Gallery, 2001 and 2003, You said you loved me at RMart, Essen, Germany, 2003. Also in that year, Hanselaar was winner of the Presse Papier Award, Biennale Int. d’estampe Trois-Rivìeres, Canada; shared an exhibition, Uncanny Tales, in Arnhem, Netherlands, with Ana Maria Pacheco, Paula Rego and Oona Grimes; and was elected an associate of RE. In 2004, Hanselaar had a solo show, Shouts and whispers, at Stephanie Burns Gallery, Deakin, Australia, and a retrospective, Silence is easy, paintings and etchings, 1992–04, at De Queeste Kunstkamers, Watou, Belgium. Ashmolean Museum in Oxford; Clare Hall and New Hall, Cambridge; Amsterdam’s Medical Centre and Arts Council; and a number of corporate collections hold examples. British Museum holds her etching

series La Petite Mort. Lived in London.

Lys HANSEN 1936– Painter, born in Falkirk, Stirlingshire. She gained her diploma at Edinburgh College of Art, 1955–9; Edinburgh College of Speech & Drama, where she graduated, 1955–8; completed postgraduate studies at the College of Art, 1960; did a year’s fine art studies at Edinburgh University, 1961; and attended Moray House College of Education for teacher training in 1963. Hansen gained a number of travelling scholarships which allowed her to work in France, Italy, the Netherlands and Germany, having a studio in Berlin, 1985–6. She gained a number of awards and was artist-in-residence, École de Peinture, Castelnau de Montmiral, Tarn, France, in 1988. Hansen was an energetic exhibitor in group and solo shows, where her strongly gestural figurative paintings were immediately recognisable. Among the solo shows were Camden Arts Centre, 1986; City Art Centre, Edinburgh, 1988; McLaurin Gallery, Ayr, 1990; and Richard Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh, 1991. Scottish Arts Council, University of Stirling and City Art Centre, Edinburgh, hold her work.

Artist using photographic images, born in Heidelberg, West Germany. He graduated with honours from University of Reading, 1981–5. Group exhibitions included South Hill Park Performance Festival, Bracknell, 1984; Internationale Photozene, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, 1988; and Interim Art, 1990. Solo shows began with Keeping the Peace, Wunschik Peterson Gallery, Düsseldorf, 1988, later ones including James Hockey Gallery, Farnham, 1991. Markus HANSEN 1963–


Joseph Mellor HANSON 1900–1963 Painter, especially of Cubist-influenced works, and teacher, born in Wheatley, near Halifax, Yorkshire, son of a farmer. He studied at Halifax Technical College and School of Art, 1917–24, on a private scholarship, was briefly art master at Rishworth School, then in 1925 moved to Paris, France, for a decade, studying under Friesz, Léger, Lhote, Le Corbusier and Ozenfant, whose assistant he became. Exhibited solo and at Salons in Paris, at the International

Lascelles Harcourt, their daughters being the painters Anne, Aletha and Mary Edeva Harcourt. He studied for three years with Hubert von Herkomer at Bushey School of Art and was from 1901–9 governor of the Patrick Allan-Fraser School of Art, Hospitalfield, Arbroath. He was elected RBA in 1897, RP in 1912 and RA in 1926 and was also a member of the Arts and Chelsea Arts Clubs. A prolific exhibitor, Harcourt showed also at Fine Art Society, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, RSA and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. National Gallery of South Australia in Adelaide, Bank of England and Winchester College acquired his works. Lived latterly at Bushey, Hertfordshire.

Exhibitions in Zürich, Berlin and Stockholm and in England at Yorkshire Artists Exhibitions in Leeds and Wakefield. Having in 1932–3 lived “absolutely from hand to mouth”, he returned to England to become art master at Newport Grammar School, Shropshire, two years later showing solo with Lucy Wertheim. Bankfield Museum, Halifax, gave him a retrospective in 1938, the year he moved to New York with his South African-born wife. In 1945 he joined the staff of Cornell University, becoming professor of painting in the School of Architecture there. Hanson died during conversion of a former school at Bodle Street Green, Hailsham, Sussex, for retirement, which was due in 1964. Museum of Modern Art in New York and several other American and Welsh collections hold examples.

James HARDAKER 1901– Painter, born in Bradford

and a member of the Arts Club there. He studied at Bradford School of Art, 1915–17, his teachers including Fred Stead. Exhibited widely in Yorkshire, including Leeds, Bradford and Wakefield, and did some magazine illustrating. Lived for many years at Bingley, Yorkshire.

Siobhán HAPASKA 1963– Sculptor, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland, of Irish/Parsee parentage, who studied for a degree at Middlesex Polytechnic, 1985–8, gaining her master’s from Goldsmiths’ College, 1990–2. In 1993 she won a Barclays Young Artist Award. Mixed exhibitions included Guinness Peat Aviation Awards for Emerging Artists, Gallagher Gallery, Dublin, 1990; Making People Disappear, Cubitt Street Gallery, and Wonderful Life, Lisson Gallery, both 1993; and Entwistle, 1996. She had her first solo show at ICA, 1995–6, large structures with opalescent finishes. Hapaska’s favoured medium was fibreglass, flawless surfaces sprayed and polished to perfection. Speed, fantasy and the future were elements in her work. Later solo exhibitions included Kerlin Gallery, Dublin, Ireland, 2001, and a new sculptural commission for Peer, 2004.

Gerald A C HARDEN 1909–1995 Painter, printmaker,

calligrapher and teacher, born in Charlton Kings, Gloucestershire. He attended the School of Arts and Crafts in Cheltenham and Royal College of Art. From 1932–71 he taught, latterly at Cambridgeshire High School, Cambridge, where he lived. Exhibited at RA, Tate Gallery and widely in the south of England.

Painter in oil, watercolour, pen and wash, born in Arbroath, Scotland. She was the daughter of the RA George Harcourt. Studied at the Slade School of Fine Art and privately with Bernard Adams. Exhibited at RA, RP and RWA and had solo shows at the Mayfair Art Gallery in 1954 and in America. Lived at Boxford, Newbury, Berkshire. Anne HARCOURT 1917–1985

Painter, born in Dunbartonshire, husband of the artist Mary

Artist in watercolour, pastel, oil and gouache, born in Aberdeen. Hardie was a self-taught artist with a fine sense of colour in the Scottish tradition, who painted mainly landscapes, latterly still life and portraits. He obtained his master’s degree from Aberdeen University in 1931, became a Bachelor of Science in 1934 and obtained his doctorate in 1959. After time as a research engineer with Metropolitan Vickers, then commissioned service in the Royal Air Force, 1939–46, Hardie lectured in electronics at Aberdeen University and was professor of physics at the University of Bath. He was elected RWA in 1970 and was a member of

Alexander Merrie HARDIE 1910–1989

George HARCOURT 1868–1947


the Bristol Savages. He showed with Aberdeen private painting instruction at the Bridge Street Artists’ Society, RSA and had several solo Studio Center in Brooklyn. Scottish National exhibitions, including Rooksmoor Gallery and Gallery of Modern Art, British Council and several Holburne Museum, both in Bath, at RWA and at foreign collections hold examples. Logie Gallery, Tain, in Ross-shire, where he settled at Cromarty. RWA, Gloucester Education Authority James HARDIE 1938– Painter and teacher, born in Motherwell, Lanarkshire. He was educated at and University of Bath hold his work. Larkhill Academy, then studied at Glasgow School Gwen HARDIE 1962– Painter, teacher and artist in of Art, 1955–9, where his teachers included David cement, plaster and mixed media, born in Newport, Donaldson. He gained the Keith Award and the Fife. She studied at Edinburgh College of Art, Chalmers Bursary, enabling him to travel in 1979–84, winning the RA’s Richard Ford Award Holland and France. He lectured at Aberdeen in 1983. In 1984 went on a scholarship to Berlin, College of Education for a dozen years, then from where she remained until 1990, then settling in 1980 taught at Glasgow School of Art, in 1989 London, from 2000 being based in New York. being exchange tutor with the Chicago Art Institute. Hardie was a versatile painter. Some of her work From the end of the 1960s Hardie began flying, depicted the female figure with the woman as hero gaining his pilot’s licence. His work was influenced rather than as a male-observed object. For this she by his love of flying and home area on the edge of used herself as a model. The resulting pictures were the Firth of Clyde, verging on the abstract. Showed large, while depicting only a fist or a navel. Her widely in Scotland, including one-man shows at prizewinning entry in the 1997–8 John Moores Blythswood and Compass Galleries, Glasgow, and Liverpool Exhibition, the oil Cleave (I), was a Scottish Gallery, Edinburgh. Scottish Arts Council Minimalist image. Took part in many mixed shows, and Aberdeen Art Gallery hold his work. including The New British Painting, 1988–90, with extensive American tour; and Cabinet Paintings, Martin HARDIE 1875–1952 Watercolour painter, Gillian Jason Gallery, 1991, also Five, Lennon printmaker, writer and museum curator, born in Weinberg Gallery, New York, 2000; and Brooklyn London. After studying at Cambridge University Artists, Alpan Gallery, Huntington, 2005. Had a Hardie studied art at the Royal College of Art under solo show at Studio Gallery, Glasgow, 1984; a Frank Short. Hardie went on to become keeper of major exhibition at Fruitmarket Gallery, the departments of painting and engraving, Edinburgh, with tour, 1987; Scottish National illustration and design at the Victoria & Albert Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, 1990; and Museum, from which he retired in 1935. He Annely Juda Fine Art, 1994. Among later ones exhibited watercolours in a traditional style at RA, were Beaux Arts, 1999; Lindsey Brown, New York, RSW, RWS, RSMA, NEAC and elsewhere, along 2001; Alpan Gallery, Huntington, 2004; and Dinter with fine etchings at RE. The Victoria & Albert Fine Art, New York, 2005. Hardie had a string of Museum plus many provincial galleries hold his residencies in America from 2000, notably at the work. He was a distinguished writer on art, notably Virginia Creative Center for the Arts, Virginia; The of the standard three-volume work Water-colour Ragdale Foundation, Lake Forest, Illinois; The Painting in Britain. Lived at Tonbridge, Kent. MacDowell Colony, Peterborough, New Nell HARDIE 1912– Watercolour painter and writer, Hampshire; and Yaddo Residency, Saratoga born Helen Wightman Robertson, in Dumbarton. Springs, New York. Taught exensively, including In 1925 she won a silver medal in the Glasgow Oxford Brookes University; St Martin’s, Royal Corporation Drawing Competition. She was College, Edinburgh College, Winchester and married in 1939 and on her husband’s return from Glasgow Schools of Art; Guildhall University; and active service in 1945 they resumed their life widely in Canada and America, from 2004 giving together, a cottage in Roxburghshire becoming 36

their second home. Over the next 10 years she recorded in watercolour many wild flowers in the area. Her Wild Flowers and Memories of the Scottish Borders was published in 1992 by William Hardie Gallery, Glasgow.

included in the 1997–8 John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, winning the £25,000 first prize in 2004. Solo exhibitions included Andrew Mummery, 2003. Harding’s paintings in that show defied easy categorisation. Process-based, they were made by pouring gloss paint through a trough on to a support covered with oil paint – wet into wet, and were said to “possess an almost romantic acknowledgement of life’s fragility.” Harding also exhibited at Rubicon Gallery, Dublin, Ireland, in 2002. Arts Council holds Harding’s work.

Alfred Frank HARDIMAN 1891–1949 Sculptor, born

in London, who initially studied at the Royal College of Art under Édouard Lantéri, 1912–16, then at the Royal Academy Schools and finally the British School in Rome, 1924. Won the RBS medal in 1939, being elected RA five years later. Among his works are the memorial to Earl Haig in Whitehall, London, and sculpture for St John’s College, Cambridge, and Kippen Church, Stirling. The Haig statue, 1929–37, prompted a furious debate when Hardiman produced what was perceived as a symbolic artwork rather than a realistic portrait. RBS: Modern British Sculpture, published in 1939, illustrates his bust of Cecil Rhodes, for Rhodes House, Oxford, and bronze of St George, both in a muscular classical tradition. Was a fellow of the RBS and lived in London. The Henry Moore Institute in Leeds holds a Hardiman archive.

David HARDING 1944– Painter and teacher, born in

Bath, Somerset. He studied at High Wycombe School of Art, 1961–5, and the Slade School of Fine Art, 1965–7. Went on to teach at Bath College of Higher Education from 1972. He participated in Sainsbury’s touring show Images for Today, 1982–3; RA Summer Exhibitions from 1985 and group shows at Museum of Fine Art in Alexandria, Egypt, and at Victoria Art Gallery, Bath, the same year. In 1987 his picture Old Earth was included in John Moores Liverpool Exhibition. Arts Council holds his work. Lived in Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire.

Painter and teacher, born in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, who was for a time head of the art department at Bromsgrove Art and Technical School, Worcestershire. Hardiment studied art at Peterborough Training College, at the Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts under Claude Rogers and Victor Pasmore, as well as in Birmingham and St Ives. Showed LG, AIA, of which he was a member, and in the Midlands, where he had a series of one-man shows. Melville HARDIMENT 1915–

Alexis HARDING 1973– Artist, born and lived in London, who gained an honours degree in fine art at Goldsmiths’ College, 1992–5. Exhibitions included Stephen Friedman Gallery and Multiple Orgasm, Lost-in-Space, both 1995; and Nine Lives at 26 Chiltern Street and New Contemporaries at Tate Gallery, Liverpool, and at Camden Arts Centre, all 1996. Harding’s contribution to New Contemporaries included Hung I, 1995–6, an abstract in oil and gloss paint on canvas. He was

Artist in acrylic, watercolour and gouache, born in Fordingbridge, Hampshire. She did a foundation course at Salisbury College of Art, 1974, an honours degree in fine art at Canterbury College of Art, 1975–8, a postgraduate course at Cyprus College of Art in Paphos, 1979, then attended Athens School of Fine Arts, 1983–4, under a Greek Ministry of Education Scholarship. Among her awards was an Oppenheim-John Downes Memorial Award in 1987. She was several times a visiting artist at Cyprus College of Art from 1986 and in 1987 was an archaeological illustrator with the British Institute of Archaeology in Ankara, Turkey. Harding’s group shows included Stowells Trophy at RA, 1978; John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1983; Whitechapel Open, 1985; Omphalos Open Exhibition, Sandwich, 1993; and John Moores, 2002. She had a solo show at British Council Gallery in Athens, 1984, another at Finnegan Fine Art, 1990. Lived in London. Jennifer HARDING 1956–


and zealous draughtsman, born in London, who had little formal education. He moved to Brazil in the early 1920s, travelling up the Amazon and learning Portuguese. This was followed by years in Italy after which he returned to England and studied modelling with John Skeaping and Frank Dobson at the Central School of Arts and Crafts and painting in Chelsea. Prior to World War II Harding-Green exhibited decorated pottery and modelled heads which owed nothing to the English tradition of the Potteries, the Oriental style of Bernard Leach or the work of William Staite Murray. From the early 1950s he put his own work aside, was at first assistant to Dora Billington in the ceramics department at the Central and then was forcefully in charge of it from 1956–71. Harding-Green, an aristocrat in appearance and manners, whose teaching mixed good taste with a practical approach, influenced many distinguished potters with his catholic taste. After retirement he created several fine gardens, eventually settling in Wiltshire, having abandoned a plan to return to Italy with his artist friend Raymond Schofield. Abbott & Holder showed Eric Gill-influenced work by Harding-Green after his death.

Morris HARDING 1874–1964 Sculptor, painter and teacher, born in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, who studied in the studio of his uncle Harry Bates, also with John M Swan. Taught at London County Council’s Technical Institute. In 1925 Harding moved to Northern Ireland, where he settled at Holywood, County Down, and worked for many years on Belfast Cathedral. He was a member of RBS, RHA, RUA of which he was president and of the Society of Animal Painters. Harding also showed at RA, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and elsewhere. Ulster Museum, Belfast, holds his work. Robert HARDING 1954– Sculptor and teacher, born

in Lancashire. He employed a variety of materials, although he most favoured steel, and was interested in the public siting of sculpture. Harding studied at Exeter College of Art, followed by postgraduate research at University of Lancaster into contemporary sculpture in urban areas. In 1985 he co-produced a Welsh Sculpture Trust show, Sculpture & Architecture: Restoring the Partnership, which toured widely. He showed in open-air exhibitions at Tatton Park, Cheshire, St Donats Arts Centre and elsewhere, including the 1986 Glynn Vivian Art Gallery & Museum, Swansea, Seven Sculptors Working in Wales. The gallery holds his work. Lived in Uplands, Swansea, and taught part-time at Dyfed College of Art, Carmarthen. Had solo shows at Swansea Arts Workshop. His one-man exhibition at Oriel y Bont, Pontypridd, in 2002, pursued Harding’s long-term interest in differences in scale.

Winifred HARDMAN fl. c.1915–1975 Painter in oil and

tempera of figure subjects, mural painter and signboard creator. Born at Rawtenstall, Lancashire, Hardman studied at the St John’s Wood School of Art, then at the Royal Academy Schools, where she won bronze and silver medals. Exhibited at the RA, RSA, NEAC, Tate Gallery, Redfern Gallery and elsewhere. Her work was widely reproduced, examples being The Studio, Yorkshire Post, The Listener and The Sphere. Among her murals was one for St Peter’s Church, Hammersmith. She was a member of the Society of Sussex Painters. Lived in London.

Painter and sculptor of abstract work, born and lived in London. He studied at Salisbury School of Art, 1973–6, and Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1976–9. Showed at John Moores Liverpool Exhibition from 1982; RA Summer Exhibition, 1984; Open Studios, Greenwich, 1986; and The Table Studio Group, The Living Room, 1996. Later solo shows were at Smith Jariwala Gallery from 1990, with one at deliART, the last there, 2004. Robert HARDING 1957–

Keith HARDWICK 1963– Artist who graduated with

honours in fine art from University of Wales Institute, Cardiff, 1993–6, and his master’s there, 1996–8. Hardwick received a Helen Gregory Memorial Award, 1993. His exhibitions included Cardiff Art in Time, Howard Gardens, Cardiff, Gilbert HARDING-GREEN 1906–1983 Potter, teacher 1995; Keith Hardwick Photographic Work, Old 38

Hall Gallery, Cowbridge, and Keith Hardwick, Cairn Gallery, Nailsworth, both 1998; Box, g39, Cardiff, 2000; and Art from Wales – A New Generation, Open Space, Milan, Italy, 2001. Lived in Cardiff.

Lennox Gallery, 2001. In 2003 with Liz Maxwell Hardy shared an exhibition, Journeys, at deliART. His pictures there, employing a Mediterranean light and horizontal planes, were often criss-crossed by pathways and boundaries and peopled with travellers, suggesting ascent and transition. He lived in East Barnet, Hertfordshire.

Painter, born in London, daughter of the landscape painter and miniaturist Dorofield Hardy. She studied at the Royal Daphne Hardy HENRION 1917–2003 Sculptor in clay, Academy Schools under Charles Sims and plaster, terracotta and bronze, notable for portrait exhibited SWA and RP. Lived in Cranbrook, Kent. heads and figure groups, these tinged with suffering and heroism. She was born in Amersham, Daphne HARDY: see Daphne HARDY HENRION Buckinghamshire, as Daphne Hardy, under which name she at first worked, marrying the designer F Irma HARDY 1912–1994 Painter and draughtsman, notable for portraits and scenes from the ballet, H K Henrion in 1947. Hardy Henrion left school born in Budapest, Hungary, where she attended at 14 and studied privately in the Netherlands for the Royal Academy of Arts, 1931–6. Showed in a year with Marian Gobius and Albert Termote in Hungary to mid-1940s, then in England with SWA 1931, having been educated in The Hague since of which she was a member, RP, PS and had several 1923. Attended Royal Academy Schools, 1934–7. solo shows, including Cooling Galleries. HM The Aged 20 she won the Gold Medal and Travelling Scholarship which took her to France and Italy for Queen holds her work. Lived in London. two years. When the Munich Crisis occurred she Jim HARDY 1930–1992 Painter in oil and acrylic escaped from France by ship. She was a member whose lack of self-promotion denied him the solo of the Cambridge Society of Painters & Sculptors, shows he deserved. Studied at Hornsey College of 1980–95, also RBS. Also exhibited with Art, worked for some years as a scene-painter at Hampstead Artists’ Council, WIAC, RBA, Pictures Sadler’s Wells Theatre, in Islington where he lived, for Schools and Contemporary Portrait Society. finally being a media resources officer with an east Early solo exhibitions were at Beaux Arts Gallery, London college. Was a member of Islington Art 1946, and AIA Gallery, 1956, later ones at Ditton Hall Barn, Fen Ditton, 1984, Clare Hall, Circle. Cambridge, 1987, the Old Fire Engine House, Ely, Mary Rose HARDY: see Mary Rose Gosling 1989, Lynne Strover Gallery, Fen Ditton and Swaffham Prior, both 1996, and one in the Channel Robert HARDY 1952– Painter who worked on a small Islands, 2000. In 2004, Broughton House Gallery, scale, who studied at Stoke-on-Trent and Chelsea Cambridge, showed a wide range of her work, School of Art and, after travelling in India for listing her as Daphne Henrion. Hardy Henrion said several years, attended life classes run by Cecil that her approach to work was “entirely traditional Collins. He was in the British visionary tradition, and not at all intellectual, being a direct expression influences including religious folk art, votive of my perception of people and situations”. In 1951 painting, Indian and child art. Hardy aimed “to Hardy Henrion produced a large cement figure for depict those presences and places that lie between exhibition at the South Bank for the Festival of the real world and the world of the spirit, between Britain. Her bronze relief Family Group is at earth and heaven.” Began exhibiting in 1982, solo Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, having exhibitions including England & Co, 1996. Later originally been commissioned by Misha Black for mixed shows included RA Summer Exhibition, the Alliance Building Society. In the mid-1980s from 1998; Landscape and the Imagination, Prince she made a head of the writer Arthur Koestler of Wales Institute of Architecture, 1999; and Beatrice M HARDY 1897–


(whose Darkness at Noon she had translated in 1940, having lived with him in the south of France shortly before the war. Their journey to freedom is described in his 1941 autobiographical novel Scum of the Earth, in which she appears as “G”.), casts held by National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh University and the Koestler Foundation. Lived in Cambridge.

Richmond College, 1989–92, and Chelsea College of Art and Design, 1993–6. As well as private commissions Hargrave did work for Minerva Press, British Tourist Authority, Pet Plan and October Design. Exhibitions included Houses of Parliament, 1990; Art Supermarket, London and Munich, Germany, 1998–9; Affordable Art Fair, 1999; Arthouse Open Studio, in association with Richmond Borough Arts Council, and The Smith Derek HARE 1945– Painter in oil and watercolour, Gallery, Teddington, Middlesex, where she lived, and draughtsman, born on the northeast coast of both 2000; and The Old Warehouse Gallery, England. The London City Ballet, portraits and the Dorchester, 2001. coastal areas of Northumberland, Portugal, the Baltic and the Bahamas were favourite subjects. John HARGRAVE 1929– Painter and restorer, Exhibiting venues included Chelsea Art Fair, 1999. educated at Stowe School, father of the artist Jane Hare had a solo exhibition of oils and limited- Hargrave. He trained at St Martin’s School of Art edition prints, The Seychelles Collection, at Gallery and was a restorer at the National Gallery, 1953– 27 in 2004. The artist had a studio at Buckhurst 69. Exhibitions included Bruton Street Gallery, Hill, Essex. 1955; London studio, 1978; French studio, 1981 and 1997 (Hargrave lived in the southwest of Joe HARGAN 1952– Painter and teacher, born in France, 1980–99); Galeria la Nuova Sfera, Milan, Glasgow, where he attended the School of Art, Italy, 1982; Galerie de Montpezat de Quercy, 1985; 1970–4, teachers including David Donaldson and Hal O’Nians, 1987; Galerie L’Acadie, Cajarc, 1996 Danny Ferguson. He showed at Glasgow Art Club and 1997; Musée de Cahors, 1999; and The Old of which he was a member, SSA, BWS and Royal Warehouse Gallery, Dorchester, 2001. Many Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Hargan won a private collections in Britain and abroad hold number of awards, including David Cargill Award examples. Hargrave, whose hobbies were “food, at Royal Glasgow Institute, 1982, and the James wine and fast cars”, lived in Bridport, Dorset. Torrance Memorial Award there, 1984; the Meyer Oppenheim Prize, RSA, 1986; and Paisley Art T Hargrave-SMITH 1909– Watercolourist, born in Institute Award, 1993. BBC, Strathclyde Education Newport, Monmouthshire, where he attended the Department and South of Scotland Electricity Art School in 1925–7. In the late 1930s he studied Board hold examples. In 1996, The Contemporary watercolour painting with the landscape artist Fine Art Gallery, Eton, gave Hargan a solo show, Wycliffe Egginton. Was a professional soldier for which included his colourful landscapes and some years, so showed with Army Art Society and singular figure studies. He lived at Paisley, near has work in Imperial War Museum; also showed RA, RWS, of which he was a member, and abroad. Glasgow. Lived in London. Jane HARGRAVE 1956– Versatile artist, born in London, daughter of the painter John Hargrave. Sally HARGREAVES 1946– Painter and draughtsman, After a convent and comprehensive-school born in Blackburn, Lancashire. She studied at education, Hargrave “worked for Penthouse Harris College of Art, Preston, 1963–5; Chelsea magazine involving photographic, promotional, School of Art, 1965–8; and Camberwell School of film and public relations, based in New York, but Art, 1968–9. Gained an Italian Government travelled widely. Ended up in London working as Bursary, Perugia, 1969, and an Italian Government a photographic model for 10 years until marriage Scholarship, Florence, 1971. Hargreaves said that and children.” Studied painting and drawing at she was “drawn to flat, formal shapes; horizontal 40

England and held a doctorate from Oxford University. She lived in America from 1975, teaching at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University. After training with Paul Ingbretson in Boston, 1980–4, she concentrated on still life, portraits and landscape. Degas, Raphael, Rembrandt, Sargent and Titian were among favourite artists.

and vertical lines; wide open spaces; dark skies and brilliant light; the simplicity of a striped Indian Navajo blanket … the Fen landscape fascinates me.” Group exhibitions included John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1972; British Drawing, Hayward Annual, and Three Painters, Norwich Castle Museum, both 1982; and Peterborough Art ’87, Lady Lodge Arts Centre, 1987. She had a solo show there in 1985.

Beth HARLAND 1964– Artist in mixed media, born

Ethel HARKER fl. from 1915– A versatile

painter in oil and watercolour who studied at Chester School of Art and privately. Was a member of Liver Sketching Club. Exhibited RCamA and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. Lived at Heswall, Cheshire.

in Hartlepool, County Durham, who attended Salisbury College of Art, 1983–4, then studied at Ruskin School of Art in Oxford, 1984–7, gaining scholarship status and a travelling bursary to study in Germany. She completed her master’s degree at Royal College of Art, 1987–9, spending a term at Cité Internationale des Arts in Paris. Harland showed at Sandra Higgins Fine Art and Contemporary Art Society Market. She was involved in collaborative work with the i/x group, including in 1991 a show at Quicksilver Gallery, Middlesex Polytechnic, then participated in (dis) parities at Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, in 1992, and at Herbert Art Gallery, Coventry, 1993. Had a solo show at Central School of Speech and Drama, 1999, in 1999–00 being exhibited at John Moores Liverpool Exhibition and gaining an Abbey Award, Rome. Lived in London.

Claire HARKESS 1970– Wildlife painter and teacher,

born in Ayr, who used watercolour for speed and directness. She graduated with a fine art honours degree (environmental art) from Glasgow School of Art, 1988–93, with time under the Student Exchange Programme at the University of Ulster, Belfast, 1991. In 1996 she won 1st Prize in the Arches Winter Painting Competition, in 1998 being artist-in residence at Edinburgh Zoo, and featured in a BBC television documentary. In 2002 she participated in the Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Times Painting Competition and Winsor & Newton at RSW, in 2004 being invited artist at both Perthshire Art Association at Perth Museum and Art Gallery; and Dunkeld Cathedral Annual Exhibition. She taught widely, including Dollar Summer School, 1999–04, as well as giving demonstrations. There were extensive study visits abroad, places including Australia, Mexico, the Caribbean and South Georgia and Antarctica. Harkess was involved in community art projects. Exhibited widely in Scotland, solo shows including the A K Bell Library, Perth; Perth Theatre Gallery; University of York; and The Strathearn Gallery, Crieff. Perth and Kinross District Council and Perth Museum & Art Gallery held her work.

Dennis HARLAND 1924– Sculptor and teacher who

studied at King’s College, Newcastle upon Tyne. Joined the staff of Leeds College of Art, where he was involved in three-dimensional studies. Was included in the College staff show The Teaching Image, 1964, at Leeds City Art Gallery, showing three plaster reliefs. Lived at Austwick, Clapham, Yorkshire. Dennis F HARLE 1920– Painter with a strong interest

in wildlife subjects, born and lived in Sandwich, Kent, by profession a nature reserve warden. He studied at evening classes, Ramsgate and Canterbury Schools of Art, and was a founderLindesay HARKNESS 1950– Painter, notably of lush, member of SWLA. Had several solo shows in Kent. atmospheric flower still lifes in pastel, as in Old & New, Wolseley Fine Arts at The Gallery in Cork Primrose HARLEY 1908– Painter of pictures and Street, 2002 and 2003. Harkness grew up in murals and printmaker, born in London. She 41

studied at Chelsea Polytechnic under Graham Sutherland and Percy Hague Jowett, then at the East Anglian School of Painting and Drawing under Cedric Morris and Arthur Lett-Haines. Showed RA, NEAC, SWA, LG and elsewhere. Completed murals for British European Airways, Dorland Hall, in London’s Regent Street, and lived in London.

6, during which he continued to show, his first post-war exhibition in London being at Roland, Browse and Delbanco in 1954. He did not have a solo show again until one in 1988 at Berkeley Square Gallery, critically well received. Among his portraits were James Joyce, Osbert Sitwell and Havelock Ellis. Finally lived in Egham, Surrey, having become 2nd Baron Harmsworth on his father’s death in 1948.

Sculptor and teacher who used “humour as a way of addressing serious issues without becoming bogged down in rhetoric”, materials including “fibreglass, angle grinders and acrylics … Influences vary – anything from television and magazines to High Art, Folk Art, Pop Art and real people.” Born in Peterborough, Huntingdonshire, Harlow studied at Birmingham College of Art, 1970–1; Leeds Polytechnic, 1972– 5; and Birmingham Polytechnic, 1977–8. Taught art in Bradford, 1978–87, then was an artist and sculptor full-time. Exhibitions included Norwich and Poole Arts Centres, both 1978; Bradford Open Artists Exhibition, 1981–5; Leeds Arts Space, 1985; and with Nicholas Treadwell Galleries and widely in international art fairs from 1990. Had a solo exhibition at Leeds Playhouse, 1984. Kevin HARLOW 1952–

Frederick Bertrand HARNACK 1897–1983 Oil, watercolour and woodcut artist specialising in marine subjects. Born in London, studied with Arthur Briscoe, then exhibited at RA and other galleries in London, the provinces and on the continent. Sometimes signed his pictures Fid Harnack. Wrote Sailing Ships through the Ages and was illustrated in the yachting press. Lived at West Mersea, Essex. Arto der HAROUTUNIAN: see Arto

Alison HARPER 1964– Artist and teacher, with a strong interest in Buddhism, who graduated with honours in fine art from Glasgow School of Art, 1981–5. Her group shows included Kunstnernes Hus, Oslo, Norway, 1986, and East End Open Studios, at Angel Studios, 1989. She had solo exhibitions at Oslo Kunst Akadamiet in 1986 and 1988, with another in 1988 at McGavigan’s Gallery, Glasgow, later ones including Undiscovered Realms, Wolfson College, Oxford, 2001. Teaching included The City Lit, Dulwich Picture Gallery, Lewisham Adult Education Centre and the Prince of Wales Drawing Studio. In 2000, Harper won a Prince Wales Drawing Studio Bursary. She carried out a number of commissions.


Rod HARMAN 1942– Artist and teacher who studied

at Brighton College of Art and Royal College of Art. Taught for a time at the College of Further Education in Hastings, Sussex, where he eventually settled. Had a solo show of watercolour drawings and patterns at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1979–80. Desmond HARMSWORTH 1903–1990 Publisher and

painter, whose daughter Margaret was also an artist. After education at Eton College and Oxford University, where he obtained his master’s degree, Harmsworth worked for several years in the family newspaper and publishing business Associated Newspapers. Then studied drawing at Académie Julian in Paris and had his first show at the Galerie des Quatre-Chemins in 1933, his first London show with Wildenstein five years later. Worked with British Information Services in New York, 1940–

Painter who studied at the Royal College of Art where he won the Burston’s Award for Painting and the David Murray Travel Scholarship. In 1997 he won a South Bank Group commission. Harper exhibited at The Custard Factory in Birmingham, Jason & Rhodes, Notcut and Beaux Arts, where he had a first solo exhibition in 1998. This comprised large and detailed surfaces of thousands of blades of lush grass. Harper’s Andy HARPER 1971–


concerns were twofold: first, to use paint to represent real things; secondly, to achieve this through what was fundamentally a perfectly practised, semi-automatic process. His exhibition Green Lung, at University of Essex, Colchester, in 2001, continued his exploration of “the complex interaction between the natural and human environment.” Lived in London.

College, 1996–8, teachers including Michael Craig-Martin and Gerard Hemsworth. Had an internship to Emma Dexter in the exhibitions department of ICA, 1992–3. He was a visiting lecturer at United Kingdom art colleges. Exhibitions included Ponypark, Salon der Debutanten, Slagharen, Netherlands, 1991; BT New Contemporaries, tour, 1993–4; Untitled Painting Show, LEA Gallery, and Fresh Paint (Frank Cohen Collection), Gallery of Modern Art, Glasgow, both 1999; Look and Feel, Bürofriedrich, Berlin, Germany, 2000–01; Naturellement, Espace Fauriel, St Étienne, France, 2002; and Yes! I am a long way from home, Wolverhampton Art Gallery and tour, and Lexmark European Art Prize, Eyestorm Gallery, both 2003. Among solo shows were Night Paintings, Alfred Camp Gallery, 2000; New Paintings, 2001, and Metrolink, 2002, both at Mobile Home; Super Drive, Northern Gallery for Contemporary Art (Project Space), Sunderland, 2004; and Systemax:, Millais Gallery, Southampton Institute, 2005. Tyne & Wear Museums hold Harper’s work. Lived in Leigh-onSea, Essex.

Artist and teacher, born in Newry, County Down, who did a foundation art and design course at Ulster Polytechnic, 1983–4; completed a first-class honours degree in constructed textiles at University of Ulster, Belfast, 1984–7; a postgraduate diploma there, 1987–8; then her doctorate, 1989–94. She gained many awards, including a Winston Churchill Fellowship, 1988; from that year a series of Arts Council of Northern Ireland Bursaries; Prince’s Trust Award, 1990; Aer Lingus Travel Awards, from 1991; Irish Department of Foreign Affairs Travel Awards, from 1994; and British Council Grant-in-Aid Award, 1995. Residencies included Czechoslovakia, Ireland, France, England, Canada and Finland. Harper taught widely, later part-time posts including textiles and fashion research at Central St Martins and Royal College of Art. As well as group shows, showed solo in Britain and Ireland, later exhibitions including Project Arts Centre, Dublin, 1993, South Dublin County Council, 1995, and Coven, Goldsmiths’ College, 1999. For that show Harper explained that her work was “contextualised by textual investigation of the ‘central core’/‘cunt art’ imagery of 1970s West Coast US feminist artists”. The Arts Council of Northern Ireland, Department of the Environment public and corporate collections hold examples. Lived in London. Catherine HARPER 1965–

Edward Steel HARPER 1878–1951 Painter of landscape in oil, born in Birmingham, son of the artist Edward Steel Harper. After education at King Edward VI High School, Birmingham, where his father taught at the School of Art, the son went on to teach at Wolverhampton Grammar School, retiring in 1942. Exhibited RA, ROI and RBSA. City of Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery holds several of his landscapes. Signed work with monogram incorporating a harp. Lived at Harborne, Birmingham. Eric HARPER 1918– Painter and draughtsman, full

name Stanley Eric Harper, born in West Kirby, Ed HARPER 1970– Artist and lecturer, born in Cheshire. Studied at Malvern School of Art under Southampton, Hampshire, full name Edward Victor Moody, 1937–9; Wolverhampton School of Harper, who used techniques such as the computer Art, 1937, with Robert Emerson; at the Royal processing of images. He did a foundation diploma Academy Schools, where his teachers included at Winchester School of Art, 1988–9; gained an William Dring and Ralph Middleton Todd and honours degree in fine art, Brighton Polytechnic, where he won a gold medal and Travelling 1989–92, under Roy Grayson, Charlie Hooker and Scholarship, in 1948; then finally at the British Kate Love; and his master’s at Goldsmiths’ School in Rome. Showed at RA, RBA, SGA and 43

Polytechnic 1977–8; and at Goldsmiths’ College, 1979–81, to gain his master’s degree. Harper was noted for his intense, meticulous still life drawings and paintings, in which the placing of objects was of key importance. Group exhibitions included Four by Four at Project Gallery, Dublin, 1976; Works on Paper at Edward Totah Gallery, 1979; and Summer Show 2 at Serpentine Gallery, 1983. In 1992 had a solo show at England & Co, later exhibitions including one there in 2004. Arts Council of Northern Ireland holds his work. Lived in London.

NEAC. Lived in west London.

Geoffrey Felix HARPER 1913– Painter and designer of stained glass and murals, born in Wolverhampton, Staffordshire. Studied at Wolverhampton, Birmingham and Blackheath Schools of Art, Goldsmiths’ College School of Art and Central School of Arts and Crafts. Exhibited RA and elsewhere, but was mainly noted for stained glass in many churches in London and the Home Counties. Lived in Harpenden, Hertfordshire.

Sarah Jane HARPER 1959– Painter, teacher and scenic artist born in Lagos, Nigeria, whose output included gestural abstract works. She did a foundation course at Wrexham Art College, 1978– 9; gained a first-class honours degree from Coventry (Lanchester) Polytechnic, 1979–82; had a studio with the Coventry Artists Group, 1982– 5; was awarded her master’s in fine art from the University of Reading, 1985–7; and in 1994–5 obtained a vocational qualification in welding and fabrication. Harper was involved in setting up Red Cow Studios artists’ co-operative in Bermondsey, 1987–9, eventually taking a studio in Wrexham, north Wales. In 1986 she was commissioned to make a Coventry Festival mural for Belgrade Theatre. From 1990 she was a freelance scenic artist in Oldham and north Wales, where she held children’s workshops and also taught, from 1995– 9 assisting Paddy Hamilton, working for major London theatres and Glyndebourne Opera. Exhibitions included Coventry Artists Group, Midlands Arts Centre, Birmingham, 1983; Artist of the Day, Angela Flowers Gallery, 1986; Whitworth Young Contemporaries, Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester, 1987; and a three-man at Reed’s Wharf Gallery, 1994. Later solo shows included the opening of the South Western Hospital, Stockwell, 1997. Harper was a member of the Wrexham Stuckists. Sir Michael CulmeSeymour owned her work.

Painter, notably of murals, and teacher, born in Marsden, Yorkshire, son of the artist E Harpin. Studied at Huddersfield School of Art, Royal College of Art and in Italy. Taught art at Keighley School of Art, Yorkshire, near where he lived at Silsden. Exhibited in London and widely in the north of England. Much of Harpin’s work is in churches throughout England in the form of murals and panels, including Ludlow, Keighley, Silsden, Cricklade and at the Passionist Monastery, Ilkley. Hildred HARPIN 1907–

Sydney HARPLEY 1927–1992 Sculptor and teacher, born in London. He left school at 14 to work as an electrician. During National Service in the Army in Egypt, 1945–8, saw a head of Ramases II which inspired him to be a sculptor. After work in the artificial limb factory at Roehampton and evening art classes, in 1950 he enrolled as full-time student of sculpture at Hammersmith School of Art. Was most helped by John Skeaping at Royal College of Art, 1953–6, and in 1954 made first appearance in RA Summer Exhibition with Seated Girl. Harpley was to become known for his sculptures of attractive girls, using props such as swings, bicycles and hammocks. He was elected a fellow of RBS in 1963, RA in 1981. From 1972 he taught for a time at Leicester Polytechnic. Harpley carried out a number of ambitious figure groups in bronze, such as Dockworker for London County Council Stephen HARPER 1954– Painter, born in Northern for the Lansbury Estate in Poplar. An over-lifeIreland, who studied at Ulster College of Art & size portrait memorial to Jan Christian Smuts led Design, 1971–3; Bath Academy of Art, Corsham, to solo shows in Cape Town and Johannesburg, 1972–5; Ulster College again, 1975–6; Liverpool South Africa. His busts included Edward Heath, 44

Lee Kuan Yew and Prince Albert of Monaco. He had two successful shows at Chris Beetles Ltd in 1987 and 1990. In final years lived in Somerset and then Kilkenny and died in Dublin, Ireland.

RSA’s Latimer Award. Was artist-in-residence at London Hall, Ayr, 1986, and in 1989 became a visiting tutor at Glasgow School of Art. Harrigan exhibited in many national open shows, including RSA, SSWA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Mercury Gallery in London and Edinburgh, Open Eye Gallery in Edinburgh and elsewhere. Had a series of solo exhibitions at Macaulay Gallery, Stenton, and Christopher Hull Gallery from 1988; Gatehouse Gallery, Glasgow, from 1991; Open Eye Gallery, Edinburgh, from 1992; and Flying Colours Gallery, from 1999. In both landscape and still life Harrigan was a rich, intense Colourist, as seen in the show she shared with her parents, James and Elspeth Harrigan, at Vicarage Cottage Gallery, North Shields, 1995. She was elected a member of SSWA, 1989, and RSW, 1992.

Painter and teacher who attended at Camberwell College of Art, 1993, and Winchester School of Art, 1994–7. Harrap studied with John Lessore, 2000–3, in the latter year establishing a school of drawing and painting at Leighton House. He was elected a Royal Academy Schools graduate, 2004, under Brendan Neiland, for his role as director of Young RA(S). Although the human form predominated in his output, Harrap also painted cityscapes, of which Knoxville Museum, Tennessee, in America, holds an example. Harrap often exhibited with his partner Natasha Kissell, as in Bold + Radical, Radical Art, New Painting from the Royal Academy Schools, at Jerwood Space, 2005. Harrap’s other shows included The Figure Reinterpreted, Dulwich Picture Gallery, 1995; Stranger than fiction, Haunch of Venison, 2004; and Marlborough Fine Art, 2005. The Emir of Bahrain, Michel Roux and HSBC owned Harrap’s work. Lived in London. Peter HARRAP 1975–






Watercolourist who confined her work to the flora of Scotland and those countries travelled in with her painter husband James. She studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1956–60. Won the Royal Horticultural Society Silver Medal, 1985 and 1986; the LAS Group Award for watercolour at SSWA, 1986; Lily McDougall Prize from same group, 1987; and showed at Flying Colours Gallery, Edinburgh, and Barclay Lennie Fine Art, Glasgow. Her plates illustrated J H Dickson’s The Wild Flowers of Glasgow, 1991. In 1995 she and her husband shared an exhibition with their daughter Claire at Vicarage Cottage Gallery, North Shields.

Hywel HARRIES 1921– Painter, designer, illustrator

and teacher, born in Tumble, Carmarthenshire. Attended Llanelli School of Art and Cardiff College of Art, then went on to hold a number of teaching posts. A member of RCamA, he also showed with Royal National Eisteddfod, NWG and Cardiganshire Art Society. For many years he was a cartoonist for Cambrian News; did book illustration and jacket design for Welsh printing presses; and illustrated the HM Stationery Office publication Cambrian Forests, 1958. One-man shows included National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1970. CASW bought his oil Buarth Road, Snow.

Painter and teacher, married to the artist Elspeth Harrigan, their daughter Claire also being a painter. He studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1956–61, gaining his diploma in drawing and painting 1960, postgraduate diploma in printmaking, 1961. Won the Laing Landscape Competition, 1980, the Scotsman Art Competition in 1985. Regular showed in mixed exhibitions in Scotland; shared a show with his wife and daughter at Vicarage Cottage Gallery in North Shields, 1995; solo Claire HARRIGAN 1964– Painter and teacher, born exhibitions included Flying Colours Gallery in in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, later settling to work Edinburgh. nearby at Girvan, although she travelled widely overseas. Studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1982– Conor HARRINGTON 1980– Painter, born in Cork, 6, winning the Mary Armour Award. In 1990 she Ireland, who graduated with honours in fine art added the Lily McDougall Award, in 1996 the (painting) from Limerick School of Art and Design, James HARRIGAN 1937–


1998–02. Harrington said that his work was “strongly influenced by urban and street art, combining fine art techniques and subjects with graffiti motifs. The emphasis on oil paint draws on the long tradition of figure painting, whilst the use of spray paint represents the aggression and rebellion of contemporary street culture.” His career included freelance commercial work for retail and music outlets; album cover and promotional artwork for The Shades Music Collective; graffiti workshops at the Eurochild International Festival; set design for RTE, the Irish national television company; and site-specific murals in Ireland, New York, Spain, Netherlands, Zimbabwe and South Africa. He shared an exhibition, Liquid Identity, with Marianne Keating at UCC Cork in 2003. Among his group shows were Amnesty, Gallery 9, Cork, 2003; Transit, National Gallery of Zimbabwe, 2004; and Hard Bodies, Corpus Fine Art at Arndean Gallery, 2005. Harrington lived in north London.

1991 and she had a solo show there in 1993. The National Trust commissioned her to paint The Bookroom, Sissinghurst. Anthony HARRIS 1931– Artist

and teacher, born in Reading, Berkshire, who studied part-time at Reading University, winning the Owen Ridley Prize in 1948. Subsequently he studied under Anthony Betts in the fine arts department of University of Reading and art history under L D Ettlinger, gaining the University Prize in Fine Art, 1952, then attended the Courtauld Institute, 1954– 5. In 1957 Harris was included in Jack Beddington’s book Young Artists of Promise. He was appointed to the staff of St Albans School of Art, 1960, becoming principal, 1967–75; was viceprincipal of Chelsea School of Art, 1975–86; then head of Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts and assistant rector, London Institute, 1986–9. Harris was elected to the Chelsea Arts Club in 1975 and director of the educational charity John Ruskin Guild of St George, 1977, becoming its master, 1982–95. Group exhibitions included RA Summer Exhibition; RBA; Trafford and Stephen Bartley Galleries; Phoenix Gallery, Lavenham; Old Fire Engine House, Ely; Dower House Gallery, Berkhamsted and BL.D.ART Bergamo (Rassegna biennale d’Arte), Italy. Harris had a series of solo exhibitions, later ones including Theatre Royal, Winchester, 1990; Ruskin Gallery, Sheffield, 1995; Fashion Space Gallery, 2000 and 2002; and Galleria “Il Collezionista”, Fano, Italy, 2004. After winning two Italian State Scholarships and a nonart research award, 1973–6, Harris won the Hertfordshire Arts Prize, 1996, and Edward Austin Memorial Scholarship at the British School at Rome, 1997. The Hertfordshire County Council, St Albans District Hospital, Sir Norman Lindop and many other private collectors acquired examples of his work, for which Italian landscapes and quarries were key inspirations. His early selfportrait is illustrated in Philip Vann’s book Face to Face, published in 2004 by Sansom & Company/Piano Nobile Fine Paintings. Harris lived in St Albans, Hertfordshire.

Alfred HARRIS 1930– Painter and printmaker, born and lived in London, who in mid-1950s attended Willesden School of Art and Royal College of Art. For a time he was involved in the running of the art and design department of London University’s Institute of Education. Harris was a member of the LG, his work being commemorated in its ninetieth anniversary commemorative volume in 2003. By that time he had shown in numerous mixed exhibitions and had had 15 solo shows, 57 works having been acquired by public and corporate bodies, including Tate Gallery and Ben Uri Museum, Tel-Aviv Museum in Israel and the Ministry of Culture in Sweden. Harris’s largest ongoing series was based on kite flying, of which he said: “Each work should be read in time, rather than perceived instantly.”

Painter who attended Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1979–83. She went on to teach there, 1983–5. An admirer of Velázquez and Vuillard, she painted in Tuscany and Scotland, sometimes working on a large scale. As well as taking part in group shows she shared a show at Cadogan Contemporary in Charles HARRIS fl. from 1970s– Painter and Annie HARRIS fl. from late 1970s–


draughtsman who did a foundation course at Epsom College of Art and Design, 1970–1, then a vocational course at Hammersmith College of Art and Building, 1971–4. He won a scholarship to Royal Academy Schools, 1977–80, then a scholarship to the postgraduate course, 1980–83. He gained a number of prizes there, including the David Murray Scholarship in Landscape Painting for 1979–80 and 1981. Showed at RA Summer Exhibition from 1979, Mall Galleries from same year and won membership of Free Painters and Sculptors, 1981. Had solo show at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1982.

Geoffrey HARRIS 1928– Sculptor, printer and teacher, born in Nottingham. He attended Leeds College of Art, 1948–51, then Royal College of Art, 1951–4. From 1953–4 he was a visiting lecturer at Dockland Settlements, then assisted the sculptor Leon Underwood and David John in 1954 and William Bloye in 1955–7. He held visiting lectureships meanwhile at Birmingham College of Art and Stourbridge School of Art. Harris assisted the sculptor Henry Moore, 1957–60, was visiting lecturer at Bromley College of Art, 1960–4, lectured at Ravensbourne College, 1964–70, then was senior lecturer there, 1970–86. Harris’ commissions included Baildon Primary School, Yorkshire, 1951, the year he was awarded a Travelling Scholarship to Italy by Leeds College of Art; London County Council Maitland Park Housing Estate, St Pancras, 1964; and Smead Dean Centre, Sittingbourne, 1984. Mixed shows included Obelisk Gallery from 1957; Leicester Galleries from 1959; LG from 1965; and Goldsmiths’ Hall, 1975. He had solo shows in 1964 at Leicester Galleries and Queen’s Square Gallery, Leeds. From the late 1980s Harris concentrated on painting as well as sculpture. Lived in Faversham, Kent.

Painter and teacher, born in Liverpool, who graduated in fine art from South Glamorgan Institute of Fine Art and gained his master’s in painting from Chelsea College of Art and Design. He became senior lecturer in painting at Wimbledon School of Art, 2004, the year he was an Artist of the Day at Flowers Central, chosen by George Blacklock. Solo exhibitions included Astral Smile, The Nunnery Gallery, Bow Arts Trust, 2002. Dereck HARRIS 1962–

Printmaker, painter, illustrator and designer. Born at Chislehurst, Kent, he studied art at the Central School of Arts and Crafts under Noel Rooke and John Farleigh. Exhibited SWE. He taught wood engraving and illustrating at Kingston and Reigate Schools of Art, in Surrey. Did commissioned work for the Festival of Britain, in 1951, illustrated several books for the Folio Society and has work in the collection of the Victoria & Albert Museum. Sometimes signed work D H. Lived in London. Derrick HARRIS 1919–1960

Painter, born in Dorset. She studied at Bournemouth College of Art, 1975–6, Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1976–7, Brighton Polytechnic, 1977–9, Slade School of Fine Art, 1979–81, and Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1989–91, where she completed her master’s degree. Harris gained a number of awards: the Boise Travelling Scholarship, to Japan, 1981; a French Government Scholarship at Paris, 1985– 6; Erasmus Exchange, Grenoble, 1990; and to Amsterdam in 1991. Participated in various group shows including Stowells Trophy, RA, 1979; New Contemporaries, ICA, 1981; and shared exhibitions in 1984 at Woodlands Art Gallery and in 1988 at Alpha Gallery, Swanage, and Holland Gallery. Had a solo show at University College London, 1981, and then at Anderson O’Day, 1992, Southampton City Art Gallery, 2001. Harris was a painter who reduced to a minimum the elements in her work,

Jane HARRIS 1956–

Landscape painter in watercolour and tempera, especially of Sussex scenes. Educated in Littlehampton, Harris went on to exhibit at RA, Cooling Galleries, RBA and elsewhere, public galleries in Eastbourne, Hove and Accrington buying his work. His picture Moonrise was reproduced by the Medici Society. Was a member of the Association of Sussex Art Clubs and Brighton Art Club. Lived in Washington, Sussex. Edwin HARRIS 1891–1961


working on a large and small scale. At Anderson O’Day she restricted her format to that of an ellipse with fluctuating edges placed within a space of a different colour. In 2002, Harris won 3rd Prize in The Jerwood Drawing Prize.

Exeter, and elsewhere. Worcester College of Education holds her work. She lived in Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon.

Josephine HARRIS fl. from 1950s– Painter, printmaker

and glass engraver, who studied with William Mann at Plymouth College of Art, 1948–52. For born in Leeds, Yorkshire, studying at the College a time she was secretary to the Royal Academy of Art there. Awarded a travelling scholarship to Schools. She was a member of RWA, NEAC and Paris in 1953. From 1956–64 Harris worked and RBA, also showing at RA Summer Exhibition. lived in St Ives, Cornwall, then taught painting at Public galleries in Plymouth and Sheffield hold Harris College, Preston. Returned to St Ives in examples. Harris was made a member of the Art 1965. Exhibitions included Passmore Edwards Workers’ Guild in 1981. Lived in London. Gallery in Newlyn, Penwith and Fore Street Galleries in St Ives, Plymouth City Art Gallery and Julie HARRIS 1921– Artist and costume designer, New Art Centre. In 1963 he shared an exhibition born and lived in London, who studied at Chelsea with Jane Beeson at Rowan Gallery, in 1965 having Polytechnic, 1937, with Graham Sutherland and a solo exhibition at Mowan Gallery, Manchester. Henry Moore. She was a film costume designer, The City Art Gallery there holds works by him, 1945–90, latterly for television, in 1965 winning and Arts Council has his oil on board Black, Grey an Oscar Academy Award for her designs for the and White, of 1959. In the 1970s Harris moved to John Schlesinger-directed film Darling, starring Australia with his second wife, the Australian artist Julie Christie, Dirk Bogarde and Laurence Harvey. Gwen Leitch, where he taught and painted. The Harris’s costume sketches are in the collection of new landscape gave a different direction to his the British Film Institute. She took up painting in the late 1980s in the style of the Dutch Old Masters, pictures. having a solo exhibition, with the garden designer Jennifer HARRIS 1935– Versatile artist who said that Arne Maynard, at Partridge (Fine Arts) Ltd. she would “frequently use collected images in a pattern, often to emphasise an underlying feeling Lindsay HARRIS 1948– Artist and teacher, born in of mystery or humour. I have been influenced by Torquay, Devon, who studied surface design at posters for feature films and the paintings of Carel Chelsea School of Art, 1973–6, gained an education Weight.” Born in Bristol, she gained her National certificate at Garnett College, 1978–9, an honours Diploma in Design there at West of England degree by independent study at Suffolk College, College of Art under Paul Feiler, 1951–5. In Bristol 1993–5, then lectured there in drawing and visual Harris worked as a display designer, 1957–65; art research. Was a member of the Suffolk Group and technician at the College of Education, 1966–77; Ipswich Art Society. Mixed exhibitions included also at the education faculty, Bristol Polytechnic, Spaces, Aldeburgh Festival, 1990; Summer Show, 1977–8. Was a member of the Printmakers’ Galerie Lughien, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1995; Council; and RWA, being included in Six and 10sion, Box Gallery, Tattingstone, 1998. Her Academicians there, 2001. Other group shows solo show, At the Margins, Christchurch Mansion, included RA Summer Exhibition; Royal Festival Ipswich, 2000, comprised drawings of unoccupied Hall; Royal National Theatre; Hatton Gallery, spaces, often with unusual angles and subtle light, Newcastle upon Tyne; Spacex Gallery, Exeter; giving impressions of silence, expectation and Adzak Gallery, Paris; Art Expo, New York; and unease. In 2004 Harris shared an exhibition with the touring International Print Exhibition. Solo her husband Esmond Bingham at North House shows took place at Bristol Arts Centre, the Gallery, Manningtree. She lived in Burgh, University and Royal Albert Museum, both in Woodbridge, Suffolk. Jeffrey HARRIS 1932– Abstract painter and teacher,


Lyndon Goodwin HARRIS 1928– Painter and etcher, born in Halesowen, Worcestershire. He studied at Birmingham College of Art; Slade School of Fine Art, teachers including Randolph Schwabe and William Coldstream; and Central School of Arts and Crafts under Andrew Freeth. Among Harris’ awards were Slade Scholar. In 1957 he was chosen for inclusion in Jack Beddington’s book Young Artists of Promise. Harris was a member of RI, RSW and RWA, also showing with RA from age of 13, RBA, NEAC and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. At the Paris Salon he gained a Gold Medal, painting, and an Hon. Mention, etching. The Government Art Collection and University College hold his work.

commission was to paint the dancer Sir Anthony Dowell); and The Discerning Eye, Mall Galleries, 1995. Had a solo show at Beaux Arts, 1996. National Portrait Gallery and Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art, New York, hold Harris’s work.

Phyl HARRIS 1925– Artist

in pen, watercolour and pencil, and teacher, born and lived in London, full name Phyllis Harris. She studied at Reading University School of Art, Brighton College of Arts and Crafts and Camberwell School of Art, and at evening classes, her teachers including Anthony Betts and John Minton. She was made a member of SWA in 1975, SGA in 1991 and was also a member of Art Societies in Wembley and Harrow. Also showed at Knapp Gallery and Westminster Central Gallery. Harris’ work was semi-abstract; she was “interested in the design and pattern of landscape and still life”.

Artist working in a range of media, born in Portsmouth, who studied at Chelsea College of Art, 1993–4, gaining a degree in painting from University of East London, 1994. In 1996 he co-founded, with Charles Avery, Uncle Grey Presents, an artist-run gallery and performance space. Exhibition, curatorial and performance activity there included the inaugural exhibition, a two-man show with Avery, 1996; Underdogs, also with Avery, and Sir Septimus Vein’s Carnival of Freaks, both 1997. Other Harris shows included Social Security, Royal College of Art, 1998; in 1999 Self-Portrait by Proxy, the Demon Series and Physiognomy, which formed a kaleidoscopic whole, at Andrew Mummery Gallery and Nylon; and Touché, Andrew Mummery, 2000. Their shared themes were identity and intentions, artistic and individual. Harris’s show at Andrew Mummery, Unexpurgated The Watercolour Diary, coincided with YiBbA!, The Book Launch, in 2002. Harris lived and worked in London. Peter HARRIS 1967–

Sculptor and teacher, born in Newton Abbot, Devon, who graduated in fine art from Gloucester College of Art, 1973–5. Taught in Australia, 1979–81, exhibiting at First Australian Triennial in Melbourne, 1980–1. Harris was closely associated with Grizedale Forest, Cumbria, initially holding a fellowship there, 1977–8. His large Quarry Structure, 1978, in slate and wood, is sited at Grizedale. Was included in Arts Council’s The Sculpture Show, 1983, living in Newcastle upon Tyne, completing a commission in Gateshead for Arts Council and Northern Arts.

Richard HARRIS 1954–

Rohan HARRIS 1963– Artist creating abstract works using such materials as wood, steel, cloth and industrial finishes, born in Amersham, Surrey. Attended Chelsea School of Art, 1981–5. Solo exhibitions included Knoedler Gallery, 1988 and 1989; Nancy Hoffman Gallery, New York, America, 1991 and 1996; and Clove 2, 1994. In 1996 Harris shared an exhibition at Kapil Jarawala Gallery with Douglas Allsop and Sally Musgrove.

Artist, born in Doncaster, Yorkshire, whose paintings incorporated PhotoRealist and Surrealist elements. He obtained his diploma at Mansfield, then a degree in art and design at Bradford. Group exhibitions included The Spectator Art Award, Spink & Son, 1989; Rolf HARRIS 1930– Genial entertainer, musician British Month, Roy Miles Gallery, 1991; BP and artist with a special interest in portraiture, born Portrait Award Exhibition, National Portrait in Perth, Western Australia, who went to the Gallery, 1st Prize winner, 1993 (the ensuing 1994 Philip HARRIS 1965–


Modern School there, the University of Western Australia and Claremont Teachers’ College. The Australian artist Hayward Veal’s Impressionist style was a strong influence. Harris embarked on a foundation course at City and Guilds of London Art School but found life drawing irksome. He soon established a reputation as a singer and television personality, notably for children, his ability to draw amusingly at speed being a popular feature. His records included Tie Me Kangaroo Down Sport, 1960, and Two Little Boys, 1969. His many television programmes included The Rolf Harris Show, 1967–71, Animal Hospital and Rolf’s Amazing Animals, from 1997, and Rolf on Art, from 2001, which introduced well-known artists to a huge audience. There was an accompanying book. Among his other books were Your Cartoon Time, 1986, and Your Animation Time, 1991. He represented Australia at seven World Fairs, 1969– 85. Harris married Alwen Hughes in 1958, they had one daughter, Bindi, and in 2000 Halcyon Gallery, Birmingham, put on the show The Art of Rolf, Alwen and Bindi Harris at the International Convention Centre. Harris also showed at the RA Summer Exhibition and was an Hon. Member of the RBA. In 2001 his autobiography Can You Tell What it is Yet? appeared. Within a few years, Harris’s pictures commanded six-figure prices, Halcyon marketed his limited-edition prints and queues formed for his exhibitions. In 2005 it was announced that he was to paint a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II for a Rolf on Art special. By then his 2004 and 2005 BBC television series Star Portraits with Rolf had proved so successful that it prompted a 2005 County Hall Gallery exhibition with extensive tour.

School, Kennington, where he won the Silver Medal for Drawing in 1937 and an international competition for poster design sponsored by ShellMex and BP. In the 1950s he designed posters for Guinness, the brewer. One of his teachers at Kennington, Andrew Butler, brother of the politician R A Butler, obtained portrait commissions for Harris, including the academic and collector Sir Michael Sadler, and probably introduced him to Felix Harbord the decorator, with whom he worked in grand houses. After Royal Air Force service in World War II Harris settled with his wife, former Kennington fellow-student Florence Hollins, at Barbon, in the Westmorland fells, where she had family connections. There he painted landscapes and portraits and from about 1960 studied restoration, working on paintings at Abbot Hall Art Gallery, which gave his own pictures a show in 1988. Harris was a sensitive, self-critical artist, a disciple of Constable who revered the Old Masters. He declined to promote his work commercially.

Painter, born and eventually settled in London, who in her thirties “moved to Paris and lived in the Latin Quarter, where I knew many artists, among them the German artist Francis Bott, with whom I studied. I eventually returned to London, worked for a while as a secretary in a government department and then enrolled at the Sir John Cass School of Art for about six years. I studied anatomy and Expressionism and was then offered a diploma course at the Middlesex Polytechnic.” During the following 30 years Harris painted and showed at Whitechapel Art Gallery; Ben Uri Gallery; Murray Feely Fine Art; the Banqueting House, Horse Guards Parade; and in Stephen R A HARRIS 1913–1980 Painter, many group exhibitions. draughtsman, designer and restorer, born in Langton Herring, Dorset, his father a naval petty Teri-Jane HARRIS 1964– Artist who graduated with officer, his mother a teacher. At the age of 11 honours at Cardiff School of Art, 1983–6, attending Stephen was sent to the Royal Naval College, Slade School of Fine Art, 1986–8. Group shows Greenwich, but the head saw that he was not included Chapter Arts Centre, Cardiff, 1985; RA, thriving in the spartan regime and recommended 1988; and in 1989 both Smiths Galleries and East civilian art tuition. He attended Battersea End Open Studios, at Angel Studios. Polytechnic from 1929 and then the City and Guilds Tim HARRIS fl. from mid-1980s– Painter who studied Sylvia HARRIS 1920–


initially in Taunton, 1978–9. He gained an honours degree at Winchester School of Art, 1979–82, then his master’s degree from Chelsea School of Art, 1982–3. His mixed show appearances included Tony Carter Studio, Brixton Artists’ Co-op, Winchester Gallery and Hardware Gallery, and in 1991 he was a prizewinner in The Discerning Eye at Mall Galleries, and tour. One-man shows included 1988 Mermaid Theatre and Hardware Gallery. Winchester School of Art library holds his work.

which she was a member, Paris Salon and elsewhere and did work for the religious publisher A R Mowbray and Company. Lived in Loose, Kent.

Painter and printmaker who graduated from the Surrey Institute of Art & Design, 1993, with a master’s in printmaking from Wimbledon School of Art, 1998. Among solo exhibitions were Crows & Chairs, Lewis Elton Gallery, University of Surrey; The Waste Land, Chelsea Arts Club; The Sea, The Sea, Cranleigh Arts Centre; and Yehudi Menuhin School, Stoke D’Abernon. In 2002 Harris-Hughes was part of an artists’ residency at Fishbourne Roman Palace, Chichester, in the same year taking part in the Borderlands Artists’ Consortium’s show Junctions 1– Flowers, at University of Surrey, when she worked with a palaebotanist to produce digital images based on electron micrographs of pollen. Harris-Hughes had a strong interest in mythology, notably the Green Man, as in her contribution to the 2003 show Contemporary British Art, at The Millinery Works. Susanna HARRIS-HUGHES 1947–

Artist in many media, picture dealer and collector, born in London. His father Lionel Harris founded the Spanish Art Gallery which Tomás later helped to run, having dealt on his own. Studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1923–6, having won the Trevelyan-Goodall Scholarship, under Henry Tonks; then for a year at British Academy in Rome; etching at the Slade after World War II; and wood engraving in the early 1950s with John Buckland-Wright. During the war Harris’ knowledge of Spain was invaluable to the Security Service. He was a principal organiser of Operation Garbo, which misled the Germans on Allied plans for the invasion of France. After the war Harris gave up dealing to devote himself to collecting and painting. In 1943 he showed solo with Lefevre Gallery. He also exhibited with Knoedler in New York and widely in Spain, where he was the first independent artist since Goya to have his cartoons woven at the Royal Tapestry Factory in Madrid. With Juliet Wilson, in 1964 he produced a scholarly two-volume book on the etchings of Goya, his fine collection being shown at the British Museum in 1963–4. Public galleries in Toledo, America and in São Paulo, Brazil, hold Harris’ work. Finally settled for many years in Camp de Mar, Majorca, Spain, drawing on the landscape to produce pictures reminiscent of Van Gogh. He died in a motor accident and his friend Anthony Blunt organised a memorial show at Courtauld Institute Galleries in 1975. Tomás HARRIS 1908–1964

Vera Furneaux HARRIS 1904– Painter, miniaturist, illustrator and teacher who sometimes worked on ivory, born in Ross, Herefordshire. She was educated at the Grammar School in Maidstone, then at the School of Art there, at the Slade School of Fine Art and in Paris. Exhibited RA, RMS of

Anthony HARRISON 1931– Artist and teacher, born

in Truro, Cornwall, who initially studied architecture. He then turned to art under Merlyn Evans and Keith Vaughan at Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1949–55, lecturing on printmaking there, 1959–64. Between 1956–62 Harrison exhibited at Robert Erskine’s St George’s Gallery, shortly after that having a series of engravings issued by Editions Alecto. Following an exhibition of works on paper at the San Francisco Museum of Art in America in 1964 and an American residency, Harrison taught at Pratt Graphic Art Center and New York University, 1965–71, also in the visual arts department at Columbia University, 1970–93. From 1983 Harrison was based in New Jersey, converting a factory into a home and studio. Brooklyn Museum is among collections holding Harrison’s work. Cheryl HARRISON 1965– Painter of abstracts, born


in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, whose “personality is shaped and refined by my surroundings, objects or moments that capture my attention in some way

or another. My paintings are very much of the same core.” Harrison began her creative career as a camera operator and floor manager for Australian Television. She painted for as long as she could recall, but began working seriously in 1993, leaving television in 1996. In 1998 she gained her Bachelor of Arts from the University of Ballarat, while studying being elected a member of the Ballarat Society of Artists. In 1997 she was one of a group of painters who, by unveiling hundreds of celebratory flags on the themes of peace and conflict, drew attention to the restoration of the Avenue of Honour in Ballarat, commemorating Australian personnel killed in conflict in two World Wars. After world travels Harrison arrived in London in 1999, having a solo show, Scratching the Surface, at the Australian High Commission in 2001, after which she moved to St Ives, Cornwall. She became a member of the Penwith Society; travelled further in 2002–4; and in 2005 was granted British citizenship. Harrison participated in group shows in Australia and the United Kingdom; in 2002 18 of her paintings were filmed for Channel 4’s Life Doctor; and her further solo shows including Place Belong Me; Place Belong You, Jersey Galleries, Ealing, in 2002, and Weathered Language, The Book Gallery, St Ives, 2005. Permanent collections in America, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom held examples.

1992. In 1991 he shared a show with his wife at Phoenix Gallery, Highgate. Harrison published The Portrait Painters’ Handbook, 1968, and The Book of Tobit, 1969. Harris Art Gallery in Preston and galleries in Kendal and Lancaster hold his work. Lived in Cartmel Fell, Cumbria.

Clifford HARRISON: see Frederick Clifford HARRISON






Watercolourist, born at Thorpe near Norwich, Norfolk, into a military family. She attended St Felix’s School, Southwold, and studied art in St Ives with Leonard Fuller, at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art with Iain Macnab and elsewhere. Showed at RWS, SWA, RI, in India and Malta. Lived for a time at Dedham, Essex, completing small pictures of the local countryside.

Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Boston, Lincolnshire. His specialities were nudes and portraits, and he was noted for subjects from the entertainment world such as the singer Ruby Murray and the dancers Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers. Harrison attended Leicester College of Art, 1957–61, then Royal Academy Schools, 1961–4, obtaining a David Murray Scholarship in his first year and a Silver Medal in his last. Lectured at Ulster College of Art and Design, 1964–73, and was a visiting lecturer at Wolverhampton Polytechnic. In 1970 Arts Council of Northern Ireland, which along with Claude HARRISON 1922– Artist, notably in tempera, Ulster Museum holds his work, gave him a project born in Leyland, Lancashire. He was married to award for film-making with William Bogle. the artist Audrey Johnson in 1947, their son being Exhibitions included New 57 Gallery, Edinburgh; the potter Tobias Harrison. He was educated at Brown Thomas Gallery in Dublin; Richard Preston College of Art, 1939–41, Liverpool Demarco Gallery in Edinburgh; and Tom Caldwell College of Art, 1941–2, then after Royal Air Force Gallery, Belfast. service in India, Burma and China, at Royal College of Art, 1947–50. Harrison was a painter Edward Stroud HARRISON 1879– Painter, born in of murals, portraits, conversation pieces and Edinburgh, where he studied at Heriot-Watt imaginative figure compositions including College and the University. Exhibited RSA harlequin-type and masked figures and using a extensively, SSA of which he was a member, delicate palette. He showed with RP of which he Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and Royal Glasgow was an honorary member, RA, RBA and elsewhere Institute of the Fine Arts. Lived for many years in in mixed exhibitions and had numerous solo shows Elgin, Moray. including Contemporary Fine Art Gallery, Eton, Frederick Clifford HARRISON 1901–1984 Still life Colin HARRISON 1939–


painter, born in London, who studied at Hammersmith College of Art and at the Central School of Arts and Crafts. In the 1920s he worked in advertising for Publicity Arts Ltd, going freelance in 1927, and did poster work for Shell. About 40 years later he started devoting his talent to producing meticulous trompe l’oeil pictures of uncanny realism. He showed at the RA Summer Exhibition until 1967, Furneaux Gallery, Harris Art Gallery in Preston, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and Chelsea Art Club. E StacyMarks Ltd, Eastbourne, included Harrison’s Six Plates, Two Pots and a China Horse in its 1989 Centenary Exhibition. He is sometimes referred to just as Clifford Harrison. Lived for a time at Weybridge, Surrey.

exhibition. His prints continued to be sold by the Tryon and Moorland Gallery.

John Cyril HARRISON 1898–1985 Artist who specialised in natural history, born in Tidworth, Wiltshire. He began drawing as a small boy, his family living in British Columbia from 1912–15, learning anatomy from taxidermy and concentrating on birds of prey. After service in World War I Jack Harrison studied at Slade School of Fine Art, then moved to Norfolk, settling in a studio in Haynford. He illustrated books on birds, notably his friend Seton Gordon’s Days with the Golden Eagle, of 1927; in 1949 wrote and illustrated Bird Portraits; and in 1968 completed all illustrations for Brown and Amadon’s The Birds of Prey of the World. Harrison’s travels included Scotland, Iceland and latterly Africa. The Tryon Gallery regularly held his shows and published prints of his game bird subjects, which had popular appeal, as did his watercolours. Harrison, who listed his recreations as shooting and fishing, died after finishing all the pictures for his spring 1985

He studied at Norwich School of Art, 1971–4, and Chelsea School of Art, 1974–5. In 1984, Harrison took part in the International Garden Festival in Liverpool and gained a commission for Grizedale Forest, Cumbria. From 1985 he showed with Nicholas Treadwell Gallery, in 1987 at Air Gallery and in 1989 in East End Open Studios, at Chisenhale Studios. The Enfield, Middlesex-born sculptor continued to exhibit with Treadwell after the gallery moved to Aigen, Austria, explaining on its website: “My sculptures are urban, full of energy, colour and excitement of the city where people are born, love, fight, eat, get drunk, laugh and eventually die. They are humorous sculptures made of brightly painted wood and metal. Underlying the humour there are more serious messages.”

Versatile and colourful artist, one of the Pitmen Painters, Jack Harrison was the son of a miner, born at Waterhouses, County Durham, moving to Ashington, Northumberland, in 1909. When 13 he started at Ellington Colliery, went to Bothal Pit at Ashington Colliery at 15 and worked until he was made redundant at 63. Harrison endured long and unsociable shifts, working hard coal in cramped conditions for meagre pay, rising to be a deputy overman. In the 1950s he joined the Ashington Art Group, consistently experimental and individual in his approach, “although it was often difficult to buy paints and materials and framing my work has been very costly”. The Group’s paintings went to Germany and China, the first post-Communist Western art show there. Harrison worked widely in Northumberland, “particularly liked the coastal areas from Berwick to North Shields”. The mining community “was a rich source of inspiration”. He had a retrospective at Woodhorn Church Museum in 1994 and the Colliery Museum there holds his work, which was signed with a JFH monogram.

John Francis HARRISON 1904–

Ian HARRISON 1935– Painter, miniaturist and teacher, born in Staines, Surrey, educated partly in England, partly in Nairobi, Kenya, where his art education was obtained. Went on to teach history of art and design at Halton College of Further Education, Widnes. Showed with RMS, Hesketh Hubbard Society and elsewhere and had several one-man shows at Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire. Lived in Northwich, Cheshire.

Kevin HARRISON 1953–

Laura HARRISON 1946– Painter and draughtsman,


notable for portraits in a rich palette, born and lived

in Glasgow, where, under David Donaldson, she graduated in drawing and painting from the School of Art, 1967. Among privately commissioned portraits were the naturalist David Bellamy; her work was also in many corporate and private collections. Exhibitions included RP from 1990; Glasgow Society of Women Artists, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and Bruton Street Gallery, all from 1993–4; William Hardie, Glasgow, 1995; and The Contemporary Fine Art Gallery, Eton, 1999. Also exhibited with Flying Colours Gallery. In 1996 had a solo show at Gatehouse Gallery, Glasgow.

Marguerite HARRISON 1927– Painter, draughtsman

and teacher, born in Llandudno, Caernarvonshire, Wales. She was educated at the Royal Masonic School at Rickmansworth and was mainly selftaught as a painter although she studied for a while with Kenneth Jameson. Exhibited RA, RCamA and with Wirral Society of Arts. She was a Froebeltrained teacher who taught in the Birkenhead area of Cheshire and privately, living in Birkenhead. For some years Harrison painted under her unmarried name Marguerite Hazel Roberts. Mary Kent HARRISON: see Mary KENT Paul HARRISON 1966– Video-based

artist, born in sometimes on a large scale, as in Rape, of 1978, Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, who studied at Bath owned by Arts Council; teacher. She studied at College of Art. From 1993 he worked with John Carlisle College of Art and Royal Academy Wood as John Wood & Paul Harrison (see Wood’s Schools. Among her awards was a Royal Academy entry for their joint output). Harrison lived in Schools Bronze Medal, a British Council Shropshire. Scholarship to Italy and Northern Arts and Arts Peter HARRISON 1950– Painter, draughtsman and Council grants. Went on to teach widely, including writer, born in the west of Scotland who studied Royal College of Art, Slade School of Fine Art and at Glasgow School of Art, 1967–71; gained a fine Goldsmiths’ College. Mixed exhibitions included art diploma, with distinction, at Glasgow Art for Society, Whitechapel Art Gallery and tour, University, 1971–3; then was a postgraduate art 1978; Some British Art from the Left, Artists’ history student at University of East Anglia, 1974– Space, New York, 1979; and Woodlands Art 7. Shared a show at Clyde Fair International, 1972; Gallery and tour, 1981–2, in Greater London Arts took part in Pernod Competition, 1973; Spirit of Association award show. Solo shows included London, on the South Bank, 1979; group exhibition Carlisle City Art Gallery and tour, 1980–1. In 1989 at Harris Gallery, 1985; Glasgow, City of Culture, Harrison’s work was was one of Three Women show at Compass Gallery, Glasgow, 1990; and Artists (with Dora Altounyan and Sheila Fell) at from 1995 with Brent Artists at Willesden Library. Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal. In 2001 he had solo exhibition with the Brent Arts Margaret HARRISON 1940– Artist in mixed media,

Council, at The Stables, Dollis Hill. Shapes, lights and shadows found in the landscapes of the Firth of Clyde and Donegal were important influences. In 1995, Harrison published An Introduction to Monet and An Introduction to Van Gogh in the Macdonald Young Books series. Lived in north London.

Painter, born Margaret Amy Harrison in Madras, southern India. She studied privately with Edwin Pascoe Holman, later with Kingsley Sutton and was for four years a parttime student at Farnham Art School with John Wilkinson. For a time she was a member of SWA and RWS Art Club. Harrison exhibited at Paris Salon, ROI, RBA and in provincial galleries and had several solo shows in London. British Petroleum commissioned her to paint views of the rivers Tamar and Test and the National Trust Clumber Park. Lived in Odiham, Hampshire. Margot HARRISON 1915–


Richard HARRISON 1954– Widely travelled painter, born in Liverpool, whose abstract landscapes and apocalyptic horsemen, in his solo shows at Albemarle Gallery in 2002 and 2003, were on a grand scale, turbulent, rich in colour and texture.

Harrison graduated with honours in medieval history at Trinity College, Cambridge, 1973–6. He gained a diploma in furniture design at London College of Furniture, 1981–3, then graduated with honours in fine art at Chelsea School of Art, 1984– 7, gaining his master’s in painting there, 1987–8. Other solo exhibitions included Berkeley Square Gallery, 1990; Jill George Gallery, 1993; and Gallery 27, 1997. Among group venues were RA Summer Exhibition, 1985; ROI, Mall Galleries, 1987; Kunsthaus, Augsburg, Germany, 1988; Pomeroy Purdy, 1989; William Mora Gallery, Melbourne, Australia, 1992; Chicago Art Fair, Berkeley Square Gallery, 1993; and Art for Youth, Mall Galleries, and Metropolis Gallery, Melbourne, both 1999. Lived in London.

at The Deffett Francis Gallery, Swansea Institute of Higher Education.

Painter and teacher, born in London, educated in Edmonton where he continued to live. Studied at Hornsey School of Art, 1938–42, then after war service in the Royal Navy at Royal College of Art, 1946–9, where his teachers included Rodrigo Moynihan and Ruskin Spear. Showed with Enfield Art Circle and elsewhere, Royal Dental Hospital holding his work. This he signed R E H. Robert Edward HARRISSON 1922–

Sculptor, draughtsman, painter, printmaker and teacher, who attended Hammersmith College of Art, 1969–70, Norwich College of Art, 1970–3, and Byam Shaw School of Fine Art, 1975. After working as a woodman and welder, 1976–80, in 1980–3 Harrisson was lecturer in painting and drawing, adult education, for Wiltshire and Dorset Council. In 1988 he was sculptor-in-residence, Red House Museum, Christchurch, organised by the Hampshire Sculpture Trust. Spatial relationships were of key importance to Harrisson’s abstract sculptures. Millfield School, Somerset, gave him a commission in 1989, in collaboration with Artsite Gallery, Bath. Mixed exhibitions included Salisbury Library, 1981; Harris Museum, Preston, 1985; in 1987 he was a winner in international competition organised by Metro Art, New York; 1991, The Economist Plaza, St James’; and 1994, New Art Centre Sculpture Garden at Roche Court, Salisbury. Had a solo show at New Art Centre, Sloane Street, 1993. In 2005 the Jennifer Newman Studio, Longbridge Deverill, showed Harrisson’s abstract prints, which used “a variety of almost sculptural techniques”. Harrisson lived in Wiltshire.


HARRISON 1939– Artist using watercolour, gouache, pen and pencil, born in King’s Lynn, Norfolk. She attended Medway College of Art, Rochester, 1955–60, teachers including John Ward and Fred Cuming. After working as an illustrator and graphic designer in industry Harrison worked for the Science Museum and British Museum, becoming a freelance artist in 1979. She illustrated several books, including Reader’s Digest Wild Flowers of Great Britain, and designed greetings cards for Henry Ling and Company. She was a member of RMS and the Society of Botanical Artists, showing also with RI and Francis Iles Gallery, Rochester. Harrison was a gallery artist at Linda Blackstone Gallery, Pinner, and had a number of solo exhibitions in London and Kent. As well as botanical, house and garden studies she painted landscape, still life and meticulous studies of aircraft and motor transport. Lived at Stick Hill, Edenbridge, Kent. Stephanie

Painter and teacher, born in Wigan, Lancashire. He gained an honours degree at University College of Wales, Frederick Samuel HARROP 1887–1969 Painter, potter, Aberystwyth, in 1990, winning several prizes. printmaker, designer and teacher, born in Batsford, Went on to complete his master’s degree and in Stoke-on-Trent. Harrop was a student at Hanley 1991–2 taught at the College. His work was shown Municipal School of Art, 1906–9, where he won at exhibitions at University College of Wales, a number of prizes and medals, then at Royal Coach House Gallery in Wigan and Mall Galleries College of Art, 1909–13. In 1913 Harrop went to and in 1993 was included in Aberystwyth Artists Siam, holding a series of art teaching positions, Thomas Michael HARRISON 1969–


finally being organising art master to the Ministry of Public Instruction, Bangkok. He also designed Siamese currency notes. Won Order of the Crown of Siam, third class, in 1920, two years after gaining the Order of the White Elephant, fourth class. From 1930 he was back in England holding teaching positions at Willesden Polytechnic, Paddington Technical Institute and Hammersmith School of Building and Arts and Crafts. As well as showing in Siam, Harrop exhibited at RBA, Crafts Centre of Great Britain and had a memorial show at Camden Arts Centre in 1970. Lived in London.

brought an awareness of modern art, especially that of Jacob Epstein, Eric Gill and Kennington, and encouraged development of a library of contemporary art books covering such topics as German Expressionism, Constructivism and revolutionary Russian art. In 1935 the School of Art merged with the Science and Engineering departments of the Technical College to become the Colchester and North East Essex Technical College and School of Art. Hart became responsible to Maurice Garside, the College’s principal, which seems to have prompted Hart’s resignation in 1936. A Colchester student of his, Joseph Robinson, remembered him as “full of ideas…about six foot four tall with thin wispy ginger hair and spectacles, and you could always go and talk to him”. From 1946–52 Hart showed a series of sculptures at the RA Summer Exhibition, living in Kew Green and then at East Molesey, Surrey. Moore and Hart had remained in contact, exchanging letters between 1949–51. Hart latterly created the inscription for Moore’s Claydon Madonna and was consulted about the pedestal for his Standing Figure. Abbott and Holder from 2002 offered a series of fine torsos by Hart.

Barry HART: see Herbert Barry HART

Graphic artist and painter. Born in Brighton, Sussex, he studied at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art. Exhibited RA, RI, RWS and abroad. Among his books are Dolly’s Society Book and Master Toby’s Hunt, and he also had work in Punch and Men Only. Lived at Cooden, Sussex. Frank HART 1878–1959

Sculptor, lettercutter, designer and teacher, listed variously as H Barry Hart and Barry Hart. He came from a family of stonemasons and was notable for his fine carving. Hart cut letters for World War I memorials by Charles Sargeant Jagger, Eric Kennington and others. When Henry Moore arrived at the Royal College of Art’s school of sculpture in 1921 Hart was technical assistant, fostering an interest in direct carving, teaching it to Moore and Barbara Hepworth. In 1929 Hart was best man at Moore’s wedding. Through to the College’s 1950–1 prospectus Hart was listed as a technical assistant and teacher of stone and marble carving in the sculpture school. In 1930 he took up an appointment as head of Colchester Technical College, continuing to teach at the Royal College one day a week, and shook up the staid Essex institution. He appointed Edward Morss, a postgraduate painting student at the Royal College, as assistant master in 1931. They were enlightened teachers, strict about life drawing. Hart introduced a nude life-class, attracting London models instead of old men from the local Labour Exchange. He Herbert Barry HART 1894–1954

John HART 1921–1996 Painter, engraver and teacher,

born in Manchester and educated at Merchant Taylors’ School, Crosby. Studied at Liverpool College of Art and in Paris, then ran teacher training at Liverpool College and at Goldsmiths’ College. While in Liverpool Hart appeared in John Willetts’ Art in a City, 1967, as “a slight, bespectacled figure of buzzing energy” who not only ran “an outstanding department at the College but produces a steady output of non-figurative paintings”. Exhibition venues included John Moores Liverpool Exhibitions; Bear Lane Gallery in Oxford; LG, Annely Juda, Marjorie Parr, Beaux Arts and Redfern Galleries, and abroad. Completed a mural at Daresbury Nuclear Physics Laboratory. Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, Dudley Art Gallery, the Universities of Liverpool, Manchester and York and several education authorities hold examples. In retirement lived in Montbrun-les-Bains, France. 56

Jonathan HART 1949–

Abstract artist whose work

often derived from landscape and observation of nature, born in Ripon, Yorkshire. Studied at Scarborough School of Art, 1968–9, then Canterbury College of Art, 1969–72. Did a variety of jobs to support his painting. His mixed show appearances included Stowells exhibition at Mall Galleries, 1972; Some Canterbury Painters, at Canterbury Library, 1974; and Summer Show 2 at Serpentine Gallery, 1982. Had a series of open studio solo exhibitions, living for some time in London.

Christine HART-DAVIES 1947– Watercolourist, born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire. She read fine art and typography at Reading University, 1966–70, teachers including Rita Donagh and Michael Twyman, where she graduated with honours. She worked for several years with a London design group, mainly on educational books, then in 1975, after sailing and travelling in Europe and North Africa, settled in Poole, Dorset, becoming known for precise botanical watercolours. Hart-Davies became a member of RMS in 1975 and a foundermember of the Society of Botanical Artists in 1985. She was especially interested in mosses and lichens, and her work on these was four times awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Horticultural Society. Her exhibitions included Contemporary British Watercolours, RI and Hilliard Society of Miniaturists from 1983; and Paris Salon and Flowers and Gardens from 1984. Her solo exhibitions included Spring Hill Gallery, Brisbane, from 1984, and Young Masters Gallery, Brisbane, from 1987. The book A Year in a Victorian Garden, 1990, includes her work, which is held by the Hunt Institute of Botanical Documentation, CarnegieMellon University, Pittsburgh.

Simon HART 1969– Designer, painter, draughtsman

and lecturer, born in Dunstable, Bedfordshire, who did a foundation course at Barnet College, 1987– 8, studied design at Staffordshire University, 1988– 91, then worked as a freelance designer, artist and part-time lecturer. He taught at Bradford College, 1993–4; Stockport College, 1995; Staffordshire University, 1995–7; and Somerset College of Arts, 1995–8. Hart carried out numerous design commissions, including a stage set for English National Ballet and concept boards for Laura Ashley, both 1993; magazine illustration for Hill Publishing, 1994–5; cards for Beside the Wave Publishing, 1996–8; and editioned prints, Secrets, Port Isaac, 1998. He took part in many mixed shows, later solo exhibitions including Enid Lawson Gallery, 1999. Travels through Europe, colour, and childhood memories of toys, the seaside and London museums and theatres inspired Hart’s work.

James HART DYKE 1966– Representational painter

who began at an early age. He studied architecture at Manchester University, 1986–9, and the Royal College of Art, 1990–2, then obtained a higher diploma in postgraduate studies in painting from the City & Guilds of London Art School, 1995–6. Many of Hart Dyke’s early works were views of Philip HARTAS 1930– Sculptor and teacher who country houses. Commissions included Highgrove, studied at Leeds College and Slade School of Fine home of HRH The Prince of Wales, also Pembroke Art under Henry Moore and Reg Butler. He held College in Cambridge and Stonor Park, teaching posts at Derby, during which time he was Oxfordshire, for Lord Camoys. The Prince of Wales chosen by Jack Beddington as one of his Young invited Hart Dyke as official artist on the royal tour Artists of Promise, in the 1957 book of that title; to Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan in 1998, and Liverpool College of Art; Bournemouth and paintings from His Royal Highness’s collection Leicester; then finally at Brighton were included in the show Travels with the Prince, Polytechnic/Brighton University. Exhibited at at Hampton Court Palace, to mark the Prince’s Liverpool Academy and elsewhere. Hartas fiftieth birthday. In 1999 Hart Dyke accompanied completed a number of commissions when resident the Prince to Saudi Arabia. Hart Dyke was included in Liverpool, including a relief in Lewis’ in Eight Selected Artists at W H Patterson in 2002, department store. at which time he was on a three-month trek in Tibet. 57

Patterson’s Hart Dyke solo show Painting in the parents in the late 1950s, gaining a fine art diploma Hidden Himalayas was held in 2003. at the University of Auckland. She returned to London in the late 1960s on a New Zealand Arts Jack HARTERT 1922–1975 Versatile painter and Council grant to study at Central School of Art & draughtsman, producing figurative work with an Design; became involved in theatre design; after emphasis on line, whose father owned a gallery on marriage lectured and designed in university theatre Madison Avenue, New York. Jack drew from an at North Carolina State University, in America; early age, contributing to school magazines, and returned to London in the early 1970s to take up studied art at university and the National Academy an Arts Council award at the National Theatre at of Design. After Army service in World War II the Young Vic; then worked as a freelance designer Hartert joined the family business, based in Paris around Britain. In the early 1980s, seeking more where he purchased European paintings which artistic independence, Hartill turned to were shipped back to America, at the same time printmaking, publishing her own work. As well as continuing with his own work. Although Hartert a studio where she was assisted by two printers, was lukewarm about much of what he bought, Hartill had another in Caucin, southern Spain, and notably the Impressionists and especially Monet, worked in the wilds of New Zealand. The forms he seems to have had a high regard for Degas, as of land, air and sea were key elements in Hartill’s he did for the Dutch Old Masters and advanced strongly coloured figurative and abstract pictures. artists like Magritte. Still lifes in the Dutch manner Exhibited in over 50 galleries worldwide, mixed and pastels of nudes were special features of shows including RE, of which she was a member, Hartert’s output; one later theme was the slightly RA Summer Exhibition and National Print Surrealist Tower of Babel series of oils. After a Exhibition. Solo exhibitions included a series at few years in America Hartert in 1961 moved to New Academy Gallery from 1991. England, settling in Clifton where his brother William, who had married a Bristol girl, lived. Jack Alex HARTLEY 1963– Artist using a variety of married in 1970, but did not want children, having media, born in West Byfleet, Surrey, who did a seen many injured and orphaned ones in the Pacific foundation course, 1983–4, then an honours degree, during the war, two of whom he and friends 1984–90, at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, unofficially adopted during hostilities. Hartert gaining his master’s at Royal College of Art, 1988– refused any medals. Later, the Arab-Israeli conflict 90. Group exhibitions included International prompted several powerful anti-war drawings. Departures, Kavalere Kazerne, Amsterdam, 1990; Hartert was a serious, unassuming artist whose Crossover, Anderson O’Day Gallery, 1991; Young friends often knew nothing of his work. He had no British Artists from the Saatchi Collection, Art compulsion to sell, and showed infrequently in Cologne, Cologne, 1993; Fall Out, Walker Fabrik, New York, London, Paris and the Netherlands. In Darmstadt, 1996; and Sensation. Young British 1975, after his death from cancer, there was a Artists from the Saatchi Collection, RA, 1997. memorial show at David Durant’s gallery in Later solo shows included Victoria Miro Gallery, Clifton, where examples of Hartert’s trompe l’oeil 1997, where Hartley’s work Viewer was composed painted furniture were included. Hartert was of a vast, fully functioning slide viewer and remembered locally as a larger-than-life character, oversized 35-millimetre slides. Hartley’s large, often seen in the city’s better restaurants, a prize-winning architectural piece Pavilion was generous, cigar-smoking host and companion, unveiled at Art2000, for transfer to the Goodwood Estate, West Sussex. In 2001, Hartley shared a noted for his amusing anecdotes. Victoria Miro exhibition with Tracey Moffat. Arts Brenda HARTILL 1943– Artist in a range of media, Council, Contemporary Art Society, De Beers and theatrical designer and lecturer, born and lived in Caldic Collections hold examples. London, who emigrated to New Zealand with her 58

Ben HARTLEY 1933–1996 Painter, draughtsman and

teacher, born in Mellor, Cheshire, on the edge of the Peak District, son of a tailor, a solitary child who attended Manchester Grammar School. After art school in Stockport and Manchester, Hartley was a contemporary of David Hockney and Robyn Denny at the Royal College of Art, 1954–7, his teacher Carel Weight befriending him. In 1960 Hartley began part-time teaching at Plymouth College of Art, rationalisation forcing him out in 1983. He moved to Presteigne, on the Powys/Herefordshire border, to be near a sister and a Carmelite community, having converted to Roman Catholicism in 1968. He lived a retiring, frugal life in a small cottage. Although prolific, Hartley had scarcely exhibited until Bernard Samuels, director of Plymouth Arts Centre, began showing his work, giving him a solo exhibition in 1976. Ikon Gallery in Birmingham, John Hansard Gallery in Southampton, Newlyn Gallery and Bath Festival Gallery followed, as well as regular shows at Beaux Arts, Bath. In Presteigne, Hartley continued to produce and exhibit; at his death, he left 900 paintings and 300 notebooks to Samuels. Hartley spent a lifetime reading and meditating on the purpose of painting, producing humorous, colourful, apparently naïve images with a countryman’s eye for birds, insects and animals. Influences included Bonnard, Matisse and Proust, like whom he sought to regain the freshness of a childhood vision. Hartley was uninterested in personal success, giving much of his money to the United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund. Tall, thin and constitutionally frail, he died of selfneglect and malnutrition. There was a memorial show in Presteigne, 1997, and exhibitions at Alpha House Gallery, Sherborne, 1998, Norfolk and Norwich Festival, 1999, and Exeter Phoenix Gallery, 2000, with a retrospective at Victoria Art Gallery, Bath, 2002, and another survey exhibition at Southampton City Art Gallery, 2004. Ben Hartley, by Bernard Samuels, published by Sansom & Company Ltd, was launched in 2001 at a show of the artist’s work at The Rodd, Presteigne. Arts Council; Dartington Hall, Dartington; and Bristol and Plymouth City

Museums and Art Galleries hold examples.

Kathleen HARTNELL 1886–1970 Painter and printmaker, born in Bristol. She was also known as Katherine Hartnell, and was the sister of the artist Hilda E Jefferies, also known as Hilda E Bonsey. Paintings were signed in her married name, Kathleen Hartnell, etchings with her maiden name, Kathleen G(rant) Jefferies. She studied at Slade School of Fine Art under Henry Tonks, Philip Wilson Steer and Walter Westley Russell, 1922– 8 and 1929–30, winning several prizes. Exhibited extensively at Beaux Arts Gallery, RA, NEAC, LG, Leicester Galleries and RSA. Aberdeen and Bristol public galleries hold her work. She was also a musician, trained at the Royal Academy of Music. Lived in London. Archibald Standish HARTRICK 1864–1950 Illustrator,

printmaker, painter and teacher, born in Bangalore, Madras, India. Hartrick studied at Edinburgh University, the Slade School of Fine Art and in Paris, notably at Académie Julian, where he met such luminaries as Toulouse-Lautrec and Van Gogh. In 1887 showed first picture at Paris Salon. Returned to Scotland, then from 1889 worked in London as a black-and-white illustrator for The Pall Magazine, The Graphic and The Daily Graphic. Hartrick was notable for his drawings of country life, of which the British Museum has fine examples. Although he later lived in London a period with his wife, the artist Lily Blatherwick, time in Gloucestershire inspired Hartrick with rural subjects. Taught at Camberwell and Central Schools of Arts and Crafts. Hartrick showed prolifically at RWS and NEAC of both of which he was a member, as he was of Senefelder Club; had a show with his wife at Continental Gallery, 1901; and had a retrospective at Fulham Public Library in 1936; and a memorial show at Arts Council, 1951. A Painter’s Pilgrimage through Fifty Years, which he published in 1939, reflects his chequered life.


Charles Leonard HARTWELL 1873–1951 Sculptor in marble and bronze, born in Blackheath, London. Studied at City and Guilds School, Kennington,

privately with Onslow Ford and Hamo Thornycroft and at the Royal Academy Schools. Exhibited extensively at RA, as well as RI, ROI, RSA and RP. Chantrey Bequest bought A Foul in the Giants’ Race as well as Dawn, both now in Tate Gallery collection. Elected RA in 1924 and was awarded the RBS silver medal for The Goatherd’s Daughter five years later. Member of the Arts Club. Hartwell’s usual method of working was to make an accurate plaster model of a work which assistants would then principally carve, Hartwell adding the final touches. Died at Aldwick, Sussex.

Charles W HARVEY 1895–1970 Painter and teacher,

born in London, whose family moved to Belfast, Northern Ireland, in 1906, where he remained based. He trained as a damask designer and studied at Belfast School of Art and for a short time at Dublin’s Metropolitan School of Art. From 1932– 60 Harvey taught at St Mary’s Training College, initially part-time, becoming head of department. He exhibited principally at Ulster Arts Club and Arts Council of Northern Ireland put on a retrospective in 1976.

Sculptor, born in Dorking, Surrey. He did a fine art sculpture course at Cardiff College of Art, 1977–8, then was at Royal College of Art, 1983–6. Mixed shows participated in included LG at RCA Galleries, 1984; Outside Sculpture Show, Camden Lock, 1985; Vanessa Devereux Gallery, 1986; and Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge, 1988. Had solo shows at Birch & Conran from 1987. Harvey worked with the Laboritorio Aperto of Bussana Vecchia in Italy in 1985. In 1988 his environmental sculpture was included in Peter Greenaway’s film Drowning by Numbers; in 1989 living sculpture by him was featured in Derek Jarman’s film War Requiem. From that year Harvey worked with Heather Ackroyd, whom he married, after they had met at an event she was curating and they discovered that they were using similar materials. Their first joint project was L’altro lato, in 1990, in Italy. After this they went on to investigate the light-sensitive properties of seedling grass, working with the Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research. In 2003 the Welsh National Eisteddfod, at Welshpool, commissioned its first contemporary artwork from Harvey and Ackroyd, in which light was projected through negatives onto giant sheets of germinating stay-green grass provided by the Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research at Aberystwyth; the two artists also showed a wallmounted stretch of grass with the image of a large bull. New works in plaster by Harvey were shown at the Arundel Wetlands Centre, Sussex, in 2004, the year the Ackroyd/Harvey project Pleasure Gardens was displayed at Nottingham Castle. By Daniel HARVEY 1959–

Painter, and teacher, born in Amington, Staffordshire. He studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art with Kathleen Allen, 1940–2 and 1948–9. He also studied at Norwich School of Art, taught art at schools in the city, was a member of the Norwich Twenty Group and exhibited with Norfolk & Norwich Art Circle and at the Aldeburgh Festival. Exhibited AIA, Whitechapel and Leicester Galleries and RBA, sometimes signing his work only with initials. West Riding Education Committee, in Yorkshire, bought his work. Lived for some time in Norwich. William John HARTWELL 1922–1995

Agnes Bankier HARVEY 1874–1947 Metal worker, jeweller, enameller and teacher, born in Glasgow. She studied at the School of Art there and at the London School of Silversmithing, returning to Glasgow to teach the craft at the School of Art, 1904–8. Harvey won a Silver Medal at the Women’s Exhibition in London in 1910. During World War I she was a munitions worker and aircraft fitter. The responsibility of bringing up her two nephews and a niece reduced time for her own work, but she did show at the Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and RSA. Harvey was also a member of the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists from 1901. She won its Lauder Award in 1928 and an altar cross by her, completed in 1924 and illustrated in The Studio, 1925, was included in the Society’s centenary exhibition at Collins Gallery, Glasgow, in 1982. Died in Kirkcudbright, Scotland. 60

then they had completed over 40 grass-oriented pieces.

based artists. Gertrude’s maternal grandfather William Curnow ran a market garden and was a notable botanist. A keen gardener, she settled in a cottage in Newlyn, Penzance, Cornwall, and showed at RA, SWA, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, Fine Art Society and Goupil Gallery. There were joint exhibitions at Leicester Galleries in 1918 and 1920. George Bernard Shaw was an enthusiast for Gertrude’s work, as she recorded in her entry in the 1934 edition of Who’s Who in Art, in which she falsified her year of birth to 1889. Gert Harvey was a witty, forthright character who died in a nursing home in St Just.

Sculptor, writer, photographer and teacher, born in Chelmsfield, Kent. He was educated at Bryanston School, worked in forestry for four years, completed an apprenticeship in stone masonry, studied sculpture at Wimbledon School of Art and later taught the subject at Reigate and West Surrey Colleges of Art. He showed his sculptures and photographs in London, Paris and Italy and completed stone monoliths for National Westminster Bank in Kingston upon Thames, heraldic and figure sculpture restoration work for London County Council and many portraits and sculptures in stone, marble, wood and bronze. When he was 17 Harvey became fascinated by the gypsy way of life, learned to speak the Romany language, to live like the travelling people and wrote about them. He was co-author of The English Caravan, 1972; The Gypsies: waggon-time and after, 1979; and just before he died, in Crawley, Sussex, finished Plaiting the Magic. Denis HARVEY


Painter, notably of portraits, printmaker and miniaturist on ivory. She was daughter of the artist John Rabone Harvey, her older brother being Herbert Johnson Harvey. Attended Birmingham School of Art for about six years from age of 15, then worked for firm of Birmingham silversmiths, closed down by World War I, the owners being German. She joined London couture house Mechinka, studying parttime, then full-time at Slade School of Fine Art under Henry Tonks. In London was courted by the artist Gilbert Spencer. After going with another artist to Paris in early 1920s and catching paratyphoid fever she was advised not to winter in England so lived in south of France for two years. After her return she married Charles Meeke of Birmingham and had one son, Harvey, before divorcing him. After periods in Cornwall and Llangollen during World War II she returned to St Ives where she continued to paint until 1950. Showed at NEAC, RA, Paris Salon and RBSA, being elected an associate in 1933.

Hilda HARVEY 1890–1982

Gail HARVEY 1954– Painter, whose landscapes had a strong Expressionist content, born in Glasgow. She studied at the School of Art there, 1972–7, including post-diploma, with time at Hospitalfield Summer School, Arbroath, 1975. Harvey won a Scottish Education Department Travelling Scholarship in 1977, and a John Murray Thomson Award at RSA, 1985. Showed regularly at RSA, also RSW and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Had a solo exhibition at Macaulay Gallery, Stenton, 1991, later ones including Roger Billcliffe Fine Art, Glasgow, 1997, and Adam Gallery, Bath and London, from 1998. Shetland Arts Trust and Highlands and Islands Enterprise hold examples. Harvey moved to Shetland in 1988, which was a strong theme in her output. Gertrude HARVEY 1879–1966 Flower and landscape

painter, self-taught, married to the artist Harold Harvey. She would have absorbed much while working as a model for her husband, Laura and Harold Knight, Ruth Simpson and other Cornwall-

Sculptor, born in Kelso, Roxburghshire. He studied sculpture at Edinburgh College of Art, 1966–72, during 1971 under a travelling scholarship visiting Greece and the Greek islands. He further travelled to India in 1989 and 1994, Germany in 1994, with a residency in Morioka, Japan, 1998. Harvey was a trustee of the Scottish Sculpture Trust, 1984–7. His sculptures, such as Poacher’s Tree and Poacher’s Vane, both shown at Scottish Art in the 20th Century, at RWA, Jake HARVEY 1948–


Tasburgh, whose diaries he was to edit. Educated at Eton, Westminster and Cambridge University, he was at the Central School of Art, 1947–9. In the 1950s Harvey enjoyed considerable success as a sculptor, by the 1960s turning to drawing and painting as his main means of expression, chief subjects being wildly coloured sculptural figures and Welsh landscapes. In 1960 Harvey published his first novel, Within and Without, a bestseller made into a film; his second, Beside the Sea, 1967, enjoyed critical success. Much of Harvey’s later life was spent at the maternal family home at Meifod, Powys, where he farmed, although he died in Rome. Harvey was deeply influenced by his friend, Henry Moore. He argued that the vitality of abstract art, and in particular its heightened sense of form and colour, must be channelled to constructive effect. He believed in a marriage between the creativeness of abstraction and the disciplines of figurative art. Group show appearances included Leicester Galleries, SPS and RP. Solo exhibitions included Galerie La Licorne, Paris, 1951, Glebe Gallery, 1985, and Bernheimer Fine Arts, 1988. There was a retrospective at Cadogan Contemporary, 1991, a commemorative show at Roy Miles Gallery, 1998, another retrospective at Bruton Street Gallery, 1999. Musée d’Art Moderne, Paris, and Pembroke College, Oxford, hold examples.

1991, are full of mysterious signs and symbols, the sculptor favouring forged and welded steel. Had a one-man show at Third Eye Centre, Glasgow, 1985, Scottish Gallery in Edinburgh, 1993, and The Crystal Gallery, Morioka, 1998. Scottish Arts Council and Contemporary Art Society hold his work. Major commissions included Hugh MacDiarmid Memorial, Langholm, 1985; Symbol Stone for Compaq Computers, Glasgow, 1988; and Tools for the Shaman, Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, 1996–7. Harvey was elected RSA in 1989. Lived at Maxton, St Boswells, Roxburghshire. Painter and teacher, born in Plymouth, Devon. After a career in printing and commercial art Harvey graduated with honours in fine art painting, 1975–8, from Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, then obtained his art teacher’s certificate from Brighton Polytechnic, 1978–9. He taught at a Cornish school before retiring early to paint in Penzance. Harvey mostly completed work on the spot, notably colourful coastal and beach scenes. Mixed exhibitions included Parkway Gallery; Phoenix Gallery, Lavenham; Whitechapel Art Gallery; and Salthouse and Porthmeor Galleries, St Ives. In 1993–4 he had a solo exhibition at Gordon Hepworth Gallery, Newton St Cyres. John HARVEY 1935–

John HARVEY 1959– Artist whose work included constructed paintings, teacher and writer, born in Nantyglo, Monmouthshire. He gained a fine art honours degree at Gwent College of Higher Education, 1977–81, then a master’s degree in visual art at University College of Wales in Aberystwyth, 1982–4, getting his doctorate, 1986– 90. He was appointed its lecturer in fine art in 1992. The visual culture of Welsh nonconformity was a special interest. Showed in group exhibitions in southwest England and in Wales, including Aberystwyth Artists at The Deffett Francis Gallery, Swansea Institute of Higher Education, 1993.

Marcus HARVEY 1963– Painter using richly coloured

impasto, strongly gestural marks and an overlying black linear image. He was born in Leeds, Yorkshire and studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1982–6, gaining an honours degree in fine art. Teachers included Harry Thubron, Albert Irvin, Basil Beattie and Michael CraigMartin. Was included in Young British Artist IV at Saatchi Gallery, 1995, where such pictures as Half Way Up, Julie From Hull, Reader’s Wife 1 and My Arse Is Yours contained frequent references to the female nude, knickers and bottoms. In 1997, Harvey’s portrait of the Moors child murderer Myra Hindley, made using casts of a child’s hand prints, John Wynn HARVEY 1923–1989 Sculptor, painter, draughtsman and writer, born in London, son of prompted outrage when exhibited at the RA in the diplomat Oliver Harvey, Lord Harvey of Sensation: British Artists from the Saatchi 62

Collection, being kicked and splattered with eggs and ink. Later group exhibitions included Happy the World so Made, The Nunnery, 2001; Closer, Standpoint Gallery, 2002; and London Calling. Young British Artists Criss-Crossed, Galleri Kaare Berntsen, Oslo, Norway, 2005. Among Harvey’s later solo shows were Vedovi Fine Art, Brussels, Belgium, and Mary Boone Gallery, New York, America, both 2002, and The Führer’s Cakes, Galleria Marabini, Bologna, and Marcus Harvey at Mimmo Scognamiglio, Naples, both in Italy in 2005. Harvey lived in London.

Penzance Societies of Artists and Stour Gallery, Shipston-on-Stour. Harvey shared exhibitions with his father at Camel Art Society, Wadebridge, and daughter Catherine Harvey-Jefferson at Theatre Royal, Plymouth. Solo shows included Penzance Arts Club and Mariners Gallery, St Ives. Devon County Council holds his work.

Artist in oil, watercolour and crayon, teacher and art critic, born in Kew, Surrey, whose parents were Quakers, Michael in World War II serving in the Friends’ Ambulance Unit, later having a period in the Merchant Navy. He studied at Bryanston School, then Epsom School of Art, 1948–50, and Wimbledon School of Art, 1955–7, teachers including R O Dunlop and David Birch. Taught in county secondary schools for 23 years. He was art critic for the Surrey Mirror Series of Newspapers and art correspondent for the Croydon Advertiser Series, as well as contributing to many other periodicals and books. Harvey was a member of SGA, also of Art Societies in Chichester, Reigate and Bognor Regis. He showed at John Whibley Gallery, Rutland Gallery, Qantas Gallery and widely abroad, having many solo and dual shows. Royal Borough of Camden and East Sussex County Council hold examples: the oil Limehouse Reach, held by Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, is one of his principal works. Lived in Bognor Regis, Sussex. Memorial show at The Bourne Gallery, Reigate, 2001. Michael Anthony HARVEY 1921–2000

Marion Rodger Hamilton HARVEY 1886–1971 Painter

of animals, notably dogs, born in Ayr, Scotland. She attended Glasgow School of Art, 1901–7. Harvey was a member of Glasgow Society of Lady Artists from 1915, showing many times at Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, also at RSA, RSW, SWA and elsewhere. She died in Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire. Mark HARVEY 1921– Sculptor and teacher, creating

figurative and abstract works in metal and stone, born in Birmingham. He studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1944–6, and teaching posts included Regent Street Polytechnic and Goldsmiths’ College Schools of Art and Morley College. Did commissioned work for churches and public sculptures including the Portland stone Polar Bear, 1964, in Glebe Shopping Centre at Stevenage New Town.

Painter and teacher, son of the artist Victor Martin Harvey, born in Cornwall and lived there in the village of St Mabyn. The local landscape and that of France, Scotland and southwest Ireland inspired his pictures. Harvey studied at Falmouth School of Art, 1959–63, under Michael Finn, Francis Hewlett, Peter Lanyon and Terry Frost, then at Hornsey College of Art, 1963– 4. After teaching in Hampshire, Devon and Cornwall secondary schools and at Plymouth College of Art, he retired in 1996 and set up a studio in Stoke Climsland. Took part in many group shows, including RWA and Plymouth, Penwith and

Figurative painter, born and based in Birmingham, working mainly in oils, whose practice usually involved preparatory drawing. Harvey owed “indebtedness to 16th- and 17th- century models as well as contemporary influences.” Having studied foundation at Reading University, 1978–9, he then gained his certificate from the Royal Academy Schools, 1979–82. In 1980 he was awarded a life drawing award by the Schools and the Feeney Prize, RBSA; in 1982–3 an Elizabeth Greenshields Foundation Award; and in 1985 was shortlisted for the Athena International Art Awards. Between 1983–9 Harvey practised as a portraitist and painter of large figure subjects, Neil HARVEY 1960–

Martin HARVEY 1942–


honours in drawing and painting at Edinburgh College of Art, gaining her postgraduate certificate in art and design at University of London Institute of Education. Exhibitions included Edinburgh College of Art, 1997; VCA Melbourne University, Melbourne, Australia, 1999; Axis Design, 2001; and in 2002 in Edinburgh at the Royal College of Physicians and at the Scottish Gallery, in Three New Artists. Solo show Urban Journeys – New Paintings at The Scottish Gallery, Edinburgh, 2003.

then undertook a huge mural of the Resurrection in the apse of Our Lady & St Brigid’s Roman Catholic Church, Northfield, Birmingham. He was commissioned in 1989; work on site began in 1994–5; and it was completed in 2000. Harvey went to Rome to glean technical advice from conservators. He listed “back trouble, knee trouble and the cold” as occupational hazards. Exhibited RA, RBSA, RBA, ROI and NEAC.

Watercolourist specialising in birds, real name Ellen Harvey, she was the niece of the Royal Scottish Academician Sir George Harvey. She studied with the animal painter Joseph Denovan Adam and at Eugène Delecluse’s Académie in Montparnasse, Paris. As well as living in Scotland, notably at Stirling, she spent time early in her career in Ireland and Germany. Harvey joined the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists in 1915, also showing at Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, RSA, RSW, SWA, RHA and elsewhere. Nellie HARVEY fl. from 1890–1949

Ruth HARVEY 1923–1992 Versatile

and underrated artist in a variety of media, notably collage, also a musician and poet. Her father, Ken Hunter, and grandfather, Frederick Hunter, were both artists. Her work themes included buildings, still life, music, industrial and maritime artefacts, water in all its forms and landscape; pathways, gates and alternative ways to go were preoccupations. Served in Women’s Royal Naval Service in World War II, marrying Michael Harvey, a naval officer, nephew of the poet Will Harvey, known as The Laureate of Gloucestershire. Ruth began painting seriously from the mid-1950s, enrolling on art courses at Portsmouth College of Art, Dartington Hall and Camden Arts Centre, Hampstead. Some early works were accepted by the RA Summer Exhibition but not hung, and she exhibited mainly in Wales, where she settled in 1968 at Jameston, Pembrokeshire. Despite working outside the mainstream, Harvey was keenly aware of current trends. She bought works of art and assembled a considerable library and many newspaper clippings for reference. Although progressively incapacitated by rheumatoid arthritis which affected her wrists and fingers for over 40 years, Harvey was prolific, producing probably around 1,000 pictures, many untraced. Her output is well covered in three illustrated volumes, Ruth Harvey – Art & Poetry; Ruth Harvey – Paintings & Collages; and Ruth Harvey – Mainly Pembrokeshire, published in 1994–6 by Heliotrope Publishing in a limited edition.

Painter in acrylic on canvas, teacher and musician, born in Burton upon Trent, Staffordshire, who graduated with honours in design from North Staffordshire Polytechnic, 1978–82; gained his postgraduate education certificate from Sunderland University, 2001–3; and his master’s from University of Northumbria, 2003–5. Harvey latterly taught at North Tyneside College, playing guitar for Penetration, having worked as a professional musician with Pauline Murray. Harvey wrote that he was a “painter dealing with ideas of beauty and decoration, usually incorporating these ideas with flat areas of colour and strong line. Although I am known for appropriating images from the past, art history and popular culture, I have latterly worked more from primary sources.” Harvey showed at Wednesbury Art Gallery, was entered by the Stuckists for the Real Turner Prize exhibition in 2002 and 2003 and was founder of the Newcastle Stuckists. He exhibited solo in London, Newcastle, Stoke, Oxford and Brighton. Lived in Heaton, Newcastle. Victor Martin HARVEY 1910–1980 Painter, draughtsman, commercial artist and teacher, father Polly HARVEY 1971– Artist who graduated with of artist Martin Harvey, he was born in Paul HARVEY 1960–


Leytonstone, east London. Around 1915 he was apprenticed as a commercial artist to Curtis Brothers Advertising; attended St Martin’s School of Art part-time until 1920; joined G S Royde’s Advertising as a commercial artist, also making medical drawings for a surgeon working in an East End hospital; in 1940 being called up, joining the fire service. Harvey was posted to Cornwall in 1942, finally serving in Bodmin Fire Service. After World War II he stayed on in Cornwall, setting up as a signwriter and freelance commercial artist, pursuing his own work and teaching part-time at Wadebridge Community College. By the mid1960s he was able to support himself as a painter. Was a founder-member of Camel Art Society, Wadebridge, which gave him a retrospective in 1981, also showing at St Ives and East Cornwall Societies of Artists and RWA. Watercolour and pastel were favourite mediums, subjects including landscapes painted on site, flowers and portraits, many commissioned. His work is in the collection of Wadebridge Town Council.

London in 1996, Harvie completed a postgraduate diploma in fine art at the City and Guilds of London Art College, then concentrated on “figural and Expressionist paintings.” His first solo show, in 2001, was held at Circus Space, a redeveloped power station behind Hoxton Square, where 60 pictures hung in columns descended dramatically out of the darkness; half sold within four hours. Subsequently Harvie took part in group exhibitions at Apart and Artistic Licence; was represented by art forums Blink Red and Twist Art and Design; and showed at Fresh Art and Affordable Art Fair, both in 2002. He painted with a palette knife, using oils and various quick-drying mediums to retain sketch-like spontaneity. After winning the de Laszlo Foundation Prize for Portraiture in 2001, he worked mainly on landscapes. Lena Boyle Fine Art, at Flying Colours Gallery, organised Harvie’s Ploughed Lane in 2004.

John Hammond HARWOOD 1904–1980 Painter, especially of landscape in watercolour, and illustrator. Born in Darwen, Lancashire, he was educated in Ripon, Yorkshire, then attended Harrogate School of Art, 1921–4, also Royal College of Art, 1924–8, under William Rothenstein. He became principal of Gloucester School of Art, 1939–45, then Sheffield College of Art, 1945–64. Was a member of Sheffield Society of Artists, where he taught and exhibited for many years. Also exhibited RA, NEAC and LG. He illustrated a number of books in the Puffin series. Sheffield Arts Department bought his work, which often featured the Dorset coast; he died in Dorset, but lived for many years in Sheffield.

William HARVEY 1957– Painter, born in Hampshire,

who studied at Gwent College of Higher Education, 1980–3, then Birmingham Polytechnic, 1983–4. His mixed shows included Cleveland International Drawing Biennale, 1985, and John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1987, where he was a prizewinner with Liners. His solo shows included Worcester City Art Gallery, Winchester Gallery and Spitalfields Workspace, 1986. In 1986–7 he was fellow in painting at South Glamorgan Institute of Higher Education, Cardiff. Arts Council holds his work. Lived in London.

Dr Harvie, RIBA, had a versatile career. Before dedicating himself to painting he worked at the Dome in Greenwich for the New Millennium Experience Company as technical troubleshooter. Prior to that, he undertook a three-year research project at the Welsh School of Architecture, establishing new techniques for predicting the environmental performance of buildings. He was born and brought up in Devon, where he was trained in the use of watercolour by a professional landscape painter. After moving to Gregor HARVIE 1969–

Painter and draughtsman, born at Belstead Park, near Ipswich, although soon after her birth the family moved to East Bergholt. She wanted to be a pianist, but an operation went wrong, leaving her right side partly paralysed, so she turned to painting, attending the Slade School of Fine Art prior to World War I. When Cedric Morris opened the East Anglian School of Painting and Drawing in Dedham, in 1937, Harwood, still unmarried and living at home, became a student, which she remained, moving to Lucy




be near the School when it relocated at Benton End, Hadleigh, in 1940. She was a key figure in its social life. Her pictures, painted with her left hand, were spontaneous, innocent and colourful, still life and landscapes of Suffolk around her home at Upper Layham. She sold them locally and the first show of her work was at The Minories, Colchester, 1975. Further shows included several at Sally Hunter Fine Art. Ipswich Museum and Colchester Art Society hold Harwood’s work.

Jerwood Gallery, and Die Young Stay Pretty, at ICA, both 1998–9. For that exhibition she selected her subjects from glossy magazines and created “vast simplified iconic portraits of her heroes and heroines”.

Sculptor and teacher who worked in a variety of media, born in Gravesend, Kent. He studied sculpture at Gravesend School of Art, 1961–3, then Edinburgh College of Art, 1963–6. Involved in multiples, film and performance for several years from 1973, then concentrated on installation. In 1976, Haselden was included in the big British Council exhibition English Art Today 1960–76 at the Palazzo Reale, Milan, Italy. He was then teaching part-time in the fine art department of Reading University and the Slade School of Fine Art and his films included Railway Trolley and Film, 1973, Film Structures and MSV Mower, and Lady Dog, both 1975. His group appearances included New Light on Sculpture at Tate Gallery, Liverpool, 1990, and Arts Council touring show Recent British Sculpture, 1993–4. His solo shows included Seaward at Serpentine Gallery, 1977. Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1988, Golden Crescent at South London Art Gallery, 1993, and Mobile Home, 2002. Lived in London. Ron HASELDEN 1944–

Painter, based in Limehouse, who began showing in the late 1980s, soon establishing a following for his powerful figurative canvases, in strong colours, depicting the East End, the City and its people. Later group exhibitions included Art for Equality, ICA, 1991; Art East Gallery, 1994; Coombs Contemporary Art and Phillips Contemporary Art, Manchester, both from 1997; and Concrete Jungle at Gallery Fresh, 2000. Had frequent solo exhibitions, later ones including Gallery Fresh, from 2000, and Artbank Gallery, from 2002. Harwood lived in Whitechapel. Stephen HARWOOD 1972–

Nobuo HASE 1970– Sculptor and installations artist who trained at Camden Art School, 1990–1; City and Guilds of London Art School, 1991–2; graduated in sculpture from Central St Martins College of Art & Design, 1992–5; and gained a postgraduate diploma in sculpture from the Royal Academy Schools, 1995–8, appearing in the final year show there. Hase won a Sperry/Jacobs Scholarship, 1996–8; Gold Medal and Edward Stott Travelling Scholarship, 1997; and RBS Bronze Casting Prize, 1998. Other exhibitions included RA Summer Exhibition, 1996; Apartment 5, 1997; and Premiums, RA, 1998. Lived in Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Painter and draughtsman, born in Mie, Japan, who gained a bachelor’s degree in fine art at Goldsmiths’ College, 1992–5. Exhibitions included White Trash and Multiple Orgasm, both at Lost-in-Space, 1995; New Contemporaries at Tate Gallery, Liverpool, and Camden Arts Centre, 1996; and dumbpop, at

Performance artist, born in Haslemere, Surrey. He participated in a series of performances with Stuart Brisley as Brisley/Haslam (see separate entries), including appearing in the big British Council exhibition English Art Today 1960–76. This took place at the Palazzo Reale, Milan, Italy, in 1976. Leslie HASLAM 1933–

Painter and teacher, born in Bolton, Lancashire. He studied at the local College of Art, 1957–62, continuing his training at Sheffield College of Art. He later became a teacher in secondary education and from 1972 worked in the department of art at St Martin’s College of Higher Education, Lancaster. Haslam’s Hyper-Realist pictures examined aspects of urban decay, as in his Crashed Cortina, Wellington Road Garage, Lancaster, 1983, included in Lancashire South of

Ray HASLAM 1942–

Jun HASEGAWA 1969–


the Sands, which toured from County and as The Idler, London Opinion, Pearson’s Magazine Regimental Museum, Preston, 1988. and The Tatler. For many years he ran his own school of art. He was a member of RI, RWA and Ernest William HASLEHUST 1866–1949 Arts, London Sketch and Savage Clubs. Hassall’s Watercolourist, principally of landscapes, born in heyday was the Edwardian period, his theatrical Walthamstow. Studied at the Slade School of Fine posters covering the West End. His phenomenal Art under Alphonse Legros. Exhibited RA, RBA, output, which included 200 book illustrations and RI, RWA and Ridley Art Club; had several one- 800 book-jackets, was rewarded in 1939 with a man shows in London. Haslehust’s work was Civil List pension. After Word War II Hassall died extensively reproduced, notably in Blackie’s in obscurity, a lifetime’s memorabilia being Beautiful Britain series. His work is in the untouched in his studio for 40 years. In 2003 collections of a number of British provincial Onslow’s Collectors Auctions held a sale at The galleries – notably Bristol, Sheffield, Oldham and Carisbrooke Hall, Seymour Street. Lived in Newport – as well as galleries in Canada, New London. Zealand and Sri Lanka. For some time he was president of the Midland Sketch Club. Lived in David HASTE 1938– Artist and teacher who studied London. at St Martin’s School of Art and Royal College of Art. He began teaching in 1970 and became head Joan HASSALL 1906–1988 Wood engraver, painter, of the fine art course at Canterbury School of Art. typographer and teacher, born in London, daughter Among his mixed shows was Volcanic Landscapes of the artist John Hassall and sister of the writer, at Boundary Gallery, 1991. After a summer poet and librettist Christopher Hassall. After climbing around Mount Etna in Italy Haste showed attending a Froebel Training College for teachers canvases at the Geological Museum in 1986 under Joan Hassall was at the London School of Art, sponsorship of the British Museum, one of several 1925–7, Royal Academy Schools, 1928–33, and solo exhibitions. Victoria & Albert Museum holds at Bolt Court, 1931–4. She taught book production his work. at Edinburgh College of Art, 1940–6. Showed at SWE and RE, of both of which she was a member, Kendra HASTE 1971– Versatile artist, output RA, SWA, RHA and elsewhere. Illustrated many including drawings and wire sculptures, born in books, including Jane Austen, Robert Louis London. She studied at Wimbledon and Stevenson, Mary Webb and many of The Saltire Camberwell Schools of Art before graduating in Chapbooks. For almost 15 years before her death natural history illustration from the Royal College poor sight prevented her cutting her delicately of Art in 1998. Haste showed widely in Britain, detailed blocks. Work held by British Museum. undertook several commissions and was included Lived in Malham, Yorkshire. in London Underground’s A New Platform for Art, 2000. Animals were Haste’s exclusive source of John HASSALL 1868–1948 Cartoonist, illustrator, inspiration, much of her time being spent drawing designer, painter and teacher, born in Walmer, Kent. them in close proximity in Britain and abroad. In He was father to the artist Joan Hassall and the 1999, she received the BBC Wildlife Magazine Art writer Christopher Hassall. After education in Award. She had a solo exhibition at Beaux Arts, England and Germany Hassall farmed in Canada, Bath, in 2001. began contributing sketches to The Graphic, then early in 1890s spent several years studying art in David HASTIE 1967– Artist and curator, born in Antwerp and at Académie Julian, Paris. In England Carmarthen, who studied foundation at University Hassall became a popular cartoonist and designed of Wales Institute, Cardiff, 1992–3, gaining an posters such as Skegness is So bracing. Hassall honours degree in fine art there, 1994–7. illustrated numerous books and periodicals such Exhibitions included National Eisteddfod of Wales, 67

Builth Wells, highly commended, 1993; Mill Lane Group, Mill Lane Studio, Cardiff, 1996; The Gateway, Coed Hills Sculpture Park, Cowbridge, 1997; Five Inside, same venue, one of several exhibitions which Hastie co-curated, and National Eisteddfod, Bridgend, fine art prize winner, both 1998; Certain Welsh Artists, Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea, 2000; and Art from Wales – A New Generation, Open Space, Milan, Italy, 2001. Hastie’s solo exhibitions included The secluded stage, Mission Gallery, Swansea, 2000; Refuge, Watch This Space Gallery, Alice Springs, Australia, 2001; and Terminus (The Artist’s Studio), installation at Oriel Davies Gallery, Newtown, 2003. Lived at Bishopston, Swansea.

Agriculture and Fisheries, 1945–50, in the Attlee Labour administration. Among his books is Commonsense about India. Showed at Wertheim Gallery, Lefevre Gallery and overseas and was chairman of the committee of the Society of Mural Painters, 1951–8. The Marx Memorial Library, London, has a remarkable mural by him. Was a member of Art Workers’ Guild, AIA and was president of the Society of Mural Painters. Was married to the writer Margaret Lane. New Grafton Gallery held an eightieth birthday retrospective in 1981. Lived in Beaulieu, Hampshire, and in London.

Erica HASTINGS-GRAY 1890– Watercolour painter

and calligrapher, born in London. She studied at London School of Art, 1914–16, with John Hassall and Ernest Borough Johnson, with Frank SpenloveSpenlove and with Hesketh Hubbard. Exhibited UA, WIAC and East Sussex Art Club, of which she was a member. Lived in Battle, Sussex.

Eveline HASTINGS 1933– Painter and teacher, born

in Highgate, north London, into a family of sculptors. She was educated at Christ’s Hospital, Hereford, then attended Wimbledon School of Art from 1950 and from 1954–7 the Slade School of Fine Art for her Diploma in Fine Art and then her Post Diploma in Fine Art (Painting). Hastings painted and taught for some years, from 1974 as a full-time lecturer, later becoming head of an adult education art department. From 1990 she was a full-time painter. She had close connections with the Suffolk village of Walberswick from childhood, eventually lived there and was included in two Walberswick-associated exhibitions at Chappel Galleries, Chappel, in 1998 and 2002, and one in Walberswick village hall in 1999.

Ethel C HATCH 1870–1975 Painter, especially of figures and flowers, mainly in watercolour. Born in Oxford into a religious and scholastic family, she attended the High School there, then the Slade School of Fine Art under Henry Tonks, Fred Brown and Philip Wilson Steer. Exhibited RA, Goupil and Chenil Galleries, NEAC, SWA and Paris Salon, having a one-man show at Walker’s Galleries in mid-1920s. Lived for a time in Italy, and in London. Ethel and her sisters Beatrice and Evelyn were friends of the writer Lewis Carroll, author of Alice’s Francis John HASTINGS 1901–1990 Mural painter, Adventures in Wonderland. teacher, politician and writer who became the 15th Earl of Huntingdon. He was educated at Eton Lionel HATCH 1949– Typographer, printmaker and College and Oxford University and as a young man artist in pastel, born in Bolton, Lancashire; he while travelling became enthused by the mural settled nearby at Atherton. Studied at Bolton paintings of the Mexican left-wing artist Diego College of Art, 1966–9, where his teachers included Rivera. He worked with Rivera extensively in Roger Hampson. Showed in the area. America as well as completing his own work. On Jackie HATFIELD 1962– Artist and teacher using returning to England he taught at Camberwell such media as film, video and installations, born School of Arts and Crafts and Central School of in Wellington, Shropshire, brought up in Arts and Crafts. During the 1940s he became Birmingham, eventually resident in Maidstone, involved with local politics in Andover, Hampshire, Kent. Gained an honours degree there at Kent near where he lived, then in national government, Institute of Art and Design, 1991–4; a postgraduate being parliamentary secretary to the Ministry of 68

diploma in electronic imaging from Duncan of printmaker, born in Bath, Somerset. She studied Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, 1994–5; with at the School of Art there, after initial education research from 1996 on haptic interfaces for in England and Germany, then at Royal College multimedia artworks at University of Westminster, of Art and in Vienna. She eventually returned to where she lectured. Hatfield obtained grants to live in the West Country, finally settling at make film, videotapes and installations and Clevedon, Somerset, in a house and studio built to participated in many exhibitions, screening and her own design. Showed mainly in that area. installations in Britain and abroad. Distressing The Exhibitions included RA, Leicester and Redfern Surface, at Kent Institute’s George Rodger Gallery, Galleries, Jack Bilbo’s Modern Art Gallery, and 1998, supported by a South East Arts grant, invited Foyles Gallery; in the 1950s and 1960s she had a “viewers to contemplate their sexual orientation series of one-man shows, including Minerva and fantasies…to risk exposure as voyeurs and to Gallery, Bath, and Osiris Gallery, Oxford, with a consider notions of gender, desire and fantasy.” retrospective at RWA, Bristol, 1960. Michael Wright Fine Art, Bristol, gave Hatt a show in 1998. Mona HATOUM 1952– Artist, born in Beirut, A pen portrait of her is included in Hubert Lebanon, who took part in many exhibitions, Nicholson’s 1941 autobiography Half My Days screenings and performances. She studied at Byam and Nights. Shaw School of Art, 1977–79, then Slade School of Fine Art, 1979–81. Among her awards were Jonathan HATT 1961– Sculptor, installation artist Greater London Arts, 1982, and Arts Council Video and gallery director, born and lived in London, Bursary, 1985. She was artist-in-residence at who gained an honours degree in sculpture at Western Front Art Centre in Vancouver, Canada, Camberwell School of Art, 1981–5, then his 1984; other residencies occurring at 911 master’s, assistantship, at New Mexico State Contemporary Art Centre, Seattle, America, in University, 1985–6. In 1995 Hatt co-founded the 1986, Chisenhale Dance Space, 1986–7, and Annexed Gallery. Hatt’s aim was “to produce Western Front Art Centre again, 1988. From 1989– simple works which challenge the viewer’s powers 92 was senior research fellow in fine art at South of observation, and then rewards such scrutiny.” Glamorgan Institute of Higher Education, Cardiff. Group exhibitions included Closed Circuits, Old From 1981 group appearances included New Knowse Gallery, Nottingham, 1987; In residence, Contemporaries, at ICA; Festival of Video Art, 181 Gallery, 1991; in 1998 Not Nothing at Todd SAW Gallery, Ottawa, 1985; Essential Black Art, Gallery, Enough at The Tannery and Soon at Het Chisenhale Gallery and tour, 1988; South Bank Consortium, Amsterdam, Netherlands; and John Centre’s The British Art Show and tour, in 1990; Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1999. Later solo and The Quality of Light, The Tate at St Ives, 1997. shows included Fient at Hales Gallery, 1997, and Retrospective at Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, The Economist Plaza, for Contemporary Art 1998. Hatoum’s exhibition at White Cube2 in 2002 Society Projects, 1999. included a giant cheese grater that glittered seductively but could shred flesh with its razor- George HATTON 1950– Painter, etcher and teacher, sharp edges, a typically disquieting work. There born on Merseyside. He attended Bath Academy was a major survey in Germany at Hamburger of Art, Corsham, 1970–3, then Goldsmiths’ Kunstalle in 2004, the year that Hatoum won the College, 1974–5. After teaching in various schools, Rostwitha Haftmann Foundation prize, at just over he became head of art at Bedales from 1978. He $100,000 the largest monetary award in Europe, went on a teaching exchange with Brooks School, and had another show at Galerie René Blouin in North Andover, Massachusetts, America, 1990, and with the British International School, Cairo, Montreal, Canada. Lived in London. Egypt, 1995. Hatton was a regular exhibitor at the Doris HATT 1890–1969 Painter, designer and RA Summer Exhibition, also elsewhere in London, 69

the provinces and in Oslo, Norway. He was included in the exhibition Bedales Art & Design at Art99, Business Design Centre, 1999, organised by William Jackson Gallery. Hatton was involved in the theatre, especially with the Bench Company at Havant.

Peter HATTON 1956– Artist, born in Rossendale, Lancashire, who was a member of TEA (see separate entry). Studied at Rochdale College of Art, 1974–5, then Liverpool Polytechnic, 1975– 8. Hatton worked on a number of commissions with Janet Hodgson. These included Liquid Matter at Serpentine Gallery and Watershed, Queen Elizabeth Hall, both 1993. Lived in London.

Paul HATTON 1951– Artist in mixed media and teacher, born in Luton, Bedfordshire. He trained at Nelson and Colne College and the University of Lancaster. Taught part-time at St Martin’s College in Lancaster, Edge Hill College in Ormskirk, Lancashire Polytechnic and Tuson College in Preston, also being fellow in 3D at the University of Lancaster. From 1983 he showed widely in Lancashire galleries and was included in the 1988 exhibition Lancashire South of the Sands, which toured from County and Regimental Museum, Preston. Hatton was a founder-member of Luneside Studios, Lancaster, and was interested in small incidents such as the lines of floating foam and grass; relevant materials were employed in the final images, although these were not direct representations.

and teacher using such means as graphics, photography, collage, computers, micro-technology, films and performance. He moved from the south of England to the north in the early 1970s and gained a Certificate in Education in drama and dance from Bretton Hall College, 1971–4. Taught for a year at Knottingley High School; moved to Fieldhead School, Wakefield, for children with learning difficulties; then retired due to bad health late in 1997, shortly before he died. In the mid-1970s with several other artists, some from Bretton Hall, he founded the graphics and performance group Aerschot (the name of a place in France where atrocities were committed in World War I), a label he used well into the 1990s. Among shows were York University, 1976, and Breadline Gallery, Leeds, 1977 and 1979, performance gigs around this time including Newcastle and The Observer Performance Arts Festival at the Museum of Modern Art, Oxford. Luminarist: Images by Peter Hatton, was held at Wakefield Art Gallery, 1998/9.

Anthony HATWELL 1931– Sculptor and teacher, born

in London, married to the artist Elizabeth Hatwell. He studied from 1947–9 and 1951–3 at Bromley College of Art; from 1952–3 at Borough Polytechnic with David Bomberg; from 1953–7 at Slade School of Fine Art; then gained a Boise Travelling Scholarship, 1957–8. Was assistant to Henry Moore, 1958. From 1969–90 was head of the school of sculpture at Edinburgh College of Art. Between 1959–69 Hatwell was a member of LG, its vice-president in 1961–3. Group exhibitions comprised Borough Bottega with Bomberg, 1953– 5, in London, Oxford and Cambridge; Open Air Exhibition, Middelheim Park, Antwerp, 1959; Contemporary British Sculpture, Arts Council, 1960–4; Battersea Park Open Air Exhibition, 1963; LG Jubilee Exhibition, Tate Gallery, 1964; British Sculpture in the Twentieth Century, Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1981–2; Built in Scotland, Third Eye Centre, Glasgow, and tour, 1983; and Bomberg And His Students, South Bank University, 1992. Hatwell’s work is held by Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, and Arts Council. Lived in Belhaven, Dunbar, East Lothian.

Peter HATTON 1952–1998 Artist

Painter who also sculpted, and teacher, married to the sculptor Anthony Hatwell. She was born in Brighton, Sussex, graduated with honours in fine art from Chelsea School of Art, 1962–6, then taught at Edinburgh College of Art, 1969–79, and was a visiting lecturer at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, 1976–7. In 1988 she published The Artist’s Daybook. Group shows included LG from 1965; Roland, Browse & Delbanco and Marjorie Parr Gallery, both 1975; Scottish Arts Council, Small Sculpture, 1978; and Richard Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh, and tour, from 1988. Elizabeth HATWELL 1937–


Had a solo exhibition at Stirling Gallery, 1976, and Scottish Gallery and Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Edinburgh University, both 1979. Scottish Arts Council and Argyll Education Department hold examples. Lived in Belhaven, Dunbar, East Lothian.

the mid-1980s he took part in group shows including Into the Nineties, Mall Galleries, 1994, and Foil, 202 Great Sufffolk Street, 1996. There was a solo show at Houldsworth Fine Art, 2001, where Haughton’s swirling coils of paint provided a baroque twist to minimal surfaces. Taught at Kingston and Middlesex Universities. Lived in Paula HAUGHNEY 1950– Artist who graduated with London. honours from Portsmouth Polytechnic, 1978–81, attended Eastern Illinois University in America, Patrick HAUGHTON 1942– Painter, construction and 1981–2, then Middlesex Polytechnic, 1983–4. In assemblage artist, and teacher, using cool colours 1989, the year she participated in East End Open and clean lines, in whose work a sense of place, Studios, at Carpenter’s Road, Haughney had a solo particularly the coastal landscape of Cornwall, was exhibition at Dannlann De Bairead Gallery and important. Haughton was born in Devonport and worked on a commission for Homerton Hospital. grew up in Barnstaple, north Devon, moving to Exeter to study architecture in 1960. The artist David HAUGHTON 1924–1991 Painter, printmaker Nicholas Eastwood encouraged him to paint, and and teacher, born in London where he eventually this he studied at Exeter College of Art, 1962–3, settled, although he spent his early life in India. transferring to West of England College of Art, Haughton studied at Slade School of Fine Art and Bristol, 1963–6. Paul Feiler was head of painting, in 1947 moved to Nancledra, near St Ives, visitors including Peter Lanyon, William Scott and Cornwall. He was for short periods a member of Karl Weschke. Qualified as a teacher and worked the St Ives Society of Artists and of the Penwith in primary schools in Kent, and Cornwall for 26 Society. In 1951 left Cornwall and took up teaching years, taking early retirement in 1995 to be a fullappointment at Central School of Arts and Crafts time artist. Haughton was a member of Newlyn, until 1984. As well as showing in Cornwall in group Penwith and Penzance Art Societies. Group exhibitions, Haughton was featured in the Arts exhibitions included Broad Street Gallery, Penryn, Council touring show Contemporary Cornish 1989–90; and Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Open, Painting in 1949, the ICA’s Contemporary English Falmouth, 1997. Solo shows included Falmouth Landscape in 1957 and Cornwall 1945–55 at New Art Gallery, 1997 and Michael Wright Fine Art, Art Centre in 1977. An exhibition of his etchings Bristol, 1998. Lived in Penryn, Cornwall. originating at the St George’s Gallery toured several continents, 1960–3, a Newlyn Art Gallery Wilfred HAUGHTON 1921–1999 Artist in show of 1979 touring England. In 1992 Gordon watercolour, oil and pastel, and writer, born in Hepworth, Exeter, showed a retrospective of Hillmount, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. He Haughton’s St Just paintings, 1948–79. He was became a member of RUA in 1956 and was for a both a representational and abstract artist. Died in time its president, was president and founder of Ulster Watercolour Society in 1977 and was a London. member of the Watercolour Society of Ireland. He Derrick HAUGHTON 1955– Painter and teacher also showed with RHA, RI and elsewhere and had whose picture in acrylic and household paint on a series of solo exhibitions in London, Belfast, canvas From the Day You Were Born was included Dublin and Limerick. After a business career he in the 1997–8 John Moores Liverpool Exhibition. became a full-time artist from 1968. Haughton was Born in Kingston, Jamaica, Haughton studied at virtually self-taught, although he attended courses Cardiff College of Art, 1974–5; Trent Polytechnic, by Jack Merriott and Edward Wesson. He aimed Nottingham, 1975–8; Slade School of Fine Art, “to preserve the pure watercolour technique in the 1978–80; and Goldsmiths’ College, 1992–4. From face of many additives that take away from the 71

clarity and sparkle of this medium.” Wrote the books Brush Aside and Purely Watercolour. Belfast’s Museum and Art Gallery hold his work. Lived in Cullybackey, Ballymena, County Antrim.

in the final year show. While studying there Havard was curator of the “Red Square” Forums for Contemporary Art. From 1985–7 assisted at Nicola Jacobs Gallery. Group exhibitions included Annexe Gallery, 1990; Department of Education, 1992; Seven Sisters Gallery and Alexandra Palace Open, both 1994; and Saddleworth Open in Lancashire, Llangibby Open in Brecon and Royal Over-Seas League Open, all 1995. At the last show Havard’s depiction of trees in an almost abstract pattern, Petrified Forest, oil on canvas, was exhibited. Later exhibitions included RA Summer Exhibition, from 1996. Lived in London.


John HAUXWELL 1941– Architect and artist, born in Witney, Oxfordshire, son of the painter and printmaker Margaret Rowney and grandson of Walter Rowney, gifted watercolourist and managing director of the artists’ materials manufacturer George Rowney & Co Ltd. In 1998 Hauxwell helped organise The Rowney Family: Painting and Production in Hampstead at the local Burgh House Museum. From 1959–68 Hauxwell studied architecture at Regent Street Polytechnic, in the mid-1970s sculpture at Camden Institute under Innes Russell. He practised architecture in private practices, finally in local government, specialising in schools and civic buildings; was for a time a member of the RIBA; and on retirement concentrated on sculpture in his home studio in north London. Hauxwell took part in group and mixed shows, including Stanmore Art Society; participated in Norfolk Open Studios; and had a solo exhibition at Hampstead Museum in 2003. The human figure was the main inspiration for Hauxwell’s work, and he “experimented from life and in my imagination, principally in clay and wood.” After retirement in 2000 he developed his ideas and “widened my use of the figure by using parts of it to create a quirky realism, especially for outdoor display.” Hauxwell was a man of longlasting hobbies: long-distance running; involvement with the North London Beekeepers (“the largest of its kind in an urban area”); and old furniture repairing.

Elizabeth HAVEN 1974– Printmaker, who graduated

from Royal College of Art in 2000. Soon after, she shared a show with Janice Fisher at Elgin, working with images of land and sea.

Artist and teacher who worked in mixed media, born in Portsmouth, Hampshire. She studied at its College of Art and Design, 1971–2; at Coventry Polytechnic, 1972– 5; then at Slade School of Fine Art, 1976–8. From 1980 she was a visiting lecturer at the Slade, Coventry Polytechnic and Trent Polytechnic in Nottingham. Among mixed shows was The Self Portrait: a Modern View, which toured from Artsite Gallery, Bath, 1987. Held a solo show at Arnolfini Gallery in Bristol which toured England and Ireland, also having one-man exhibitions in London, Brussels and Birmingham and with Nicholas Treadwell in Bradford. Mandy HAVERS 1953–

Ashley HAVINDEN: see Ashley

Painter and printmaker, born in Manchester, who graduated with honours from St Martin’s School of Art, 1978– 82, was at Royal Academy Schools, 1982–5, attending British School in Rome as a Rome Scholar, 1988–9. Showed at RA, LG, RE and elsewhere. Lived in Cambridge. Paul Douglas HAWDON

Gerwyn HAVARD 1962– Painter born in Crickhowell,

Breconshire, who graduated with honours in English literature and language from the University of Birmingham, 1981–4. Graduated with honours in fine art, painting, from Central St Martins College of Art, 1989–92, and obtained a postgraduate diploma in fine art, painting, from the Royal Academy Schools, 1995–8, appearing



Meredith William HAWES 1905–1999 Artist in oil, watercolour, gouache and pastel, and teacher, born in Thornton Heath, Surrey. He attended Croydon School of Art, 1924–5, then Royal College of Art,

Schools, 1968–71, winning the Landseer Scholarship and Bronze Medal. He was assistant to Leon Underwood, 1972. Hawken was elected to RBS. His commissions included a medal for Motorola, Maidenhead; sculptured taps for the Prince of Dubai; and collections of jewellery for Roland Klein and Alistair Blair. Mixed shows included RA, Mario Flecha Gallery and Greenwich Theatre Gallery. Had solo shows at Blackheath Gallery; Minories, Colchester; and Atrium Gallery, PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2000. Citibank, Strand, holds his work. Lived in London.

1926–30, teachers including William Rothenstein, Randolph Schwabe and Henry Rushbury. He held a number of teaching posts including being principal successively of Bournville, Portsmouth and Birmingham Colleges of Art. Completed murals in Manchester, Bournemouth and Birmingham and did book illustrating for leading publishers including John Murray and Oxford University Press. He was made a freeman of Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths, for services to the arts, in 1952. Hawes was a member of RWS, NEAC, SGA and RBSA, which gave him a memorial exhibition in 1997. Abbott and Holder held a show of early pictures in 1999. Also showed at RA, leading London galleries, in France and America. RWS holds his work in the diploma collection. Lived latterly at Millbrook, Torpoint, Cornwall.

Painter and mixed-media artist and teacher, experimental in approach, in whose work a dot technique, jigsaw shapes and the reduction of what was seen to its essence all played a part. The Irish landscape was a favourite subject. Hawker was born in Seaton, Devon, Peter HAWES 1940– Artist employing a range of between 1953–9 attending South Devon College approaches, including photographs, collages, of Art and Cardiff College of Art. He held a number paintings and assemblages, and teacher, who of teaching posts including Ulster College of Art studied at Great Yarmouth and Norwich Schools and Design, 1965–73, after which he became of Art; Tilburg Academy, Netherlands; and Hornsey principal of Teesside College of Art, College of Art. Went on to become a principal Middlesbrough. Exhibitions included Woodstock lecturer at Brighton Polytechnic. Took part in Gallery, Arts Council of Northern Ireland Gallery several dozen shows, solo exhibitions including in Belfast – it holds his work – and Barrenhill Landforms, The Gallery, Brighton Polytechnic, Gallery, Dublin. 1980; and Gardner Centre, University of Sussex, 1985–6. Works held by private and public Gareth HAWKER 1950– Painter and draughtsman known initially for his still lifes, later for his many collections in Britain and America. portraits, who studied at the Byam Shaw School, Marjorie HAWKE 1894–1979 Draughtsman and 1968–71, and at the Royal Academy Schools, painter in oil, born in London. She studied at 1971–4. He gained the Robin Guthrie Memorial Heatherley’s, the Central School of Arts and Crafts Award for portrait drawing, the David Murray and the Westminster School of Art, under Bernard Landscape Studentship and a Silver Medal, the Meninsky. Her work found its way into many highest award for drawing. Hawker moved to private collections in Britain and abroad from Norwich, Norfolk, in 1974, an Elizabeth mixed exhibitions at LG, Leicester Galleries, Greenshields Foundation Award enabling him to O’Hana and galleries in Greece, France and Italy. paint full-time for two years. He gradually achieved One-man shows included Bear Lane Gallery, his ambition of living as a portraitist, with an Oxford, and the Rotunda Gallery. Lived in London. impressive commissions list. This included Sir Greville Spratt, Lord Mayor of London, 1987–8, Anthony HAWKEN 1948– Sculptor, jeweller and commissioned by the Worshipful Company of artist in various other media, born in Erith, Kent. Ironmongers; Sir Alexander (Mike) Graham, Lord He studied at Medway College of Art, Rochester, Mayor, 1990–1; Christopher Ballenden, master, 1965–8, then with Willi Soukop at Royal Academy the Worshipful Company of Bowyers; Nicholas Derrick HAWKER 1936–


Bomford, headmaster of Uppingham School; Robyn Parker, Miss Pears 1990–1, for Pears Soap; Sir Geoffrey Cass, chief executive of Cambridge University Press, 1972–92; The Hon. Pamela F Gordon, Premier of Bermuda, 1997–8; and Sir Jack Hayward, owner and chairman, Wolverhampton Wanderers Football Club.

Yvonne HAWKER 1956–2001 Painter and printmaker, born in Madeira. She studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art and Ravensbourne College. Showed extensively in Britain and Sweden, including RWS, RBA, RA, International Art Fair in Stockholm in 1983 and Smiths Galleries. In 1987–8 had solo show called Five Rooms in two parts: at Richard Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh, and at Bruton Gallery, Bruton, Somerset. This was based on rooms in Black Clauchrie, the artist’s former Victorian shooting lodge home set in remote moorland at Barrhill by Girvan, Ayrshire. After Black Clauchrie, Hawker moved to an isolated house at Kilrenzie, near Colmonell, where she helped lead the campaign Stop the Overhead Powerlines, enlisting the support of patrons including the musician Jools Holland and filmmaker David Puttnam; when that was unsuccessful she settled in an even more isolated farm cottage near Stoer, Sutherland. Hawker continued to get commissions, another of her patrons, the politician Chris Patten, inviting her in 1994 to Hong Kong as artist-in-residence. This resulted in a show, Pigs & Fishes, at the Redfern Gallery in 1995, the year ovarian cancer was diagnosed. She died in Inverness but is buried at Stoer. Hawker’s pictures were about the dignity and beauty of inanimate, man-made objects transformed by time.

Painter and teacher, one of several intimate artist friends, such as Wilfred Franks, of the composer Sir Michael Tippett. Hawker, whose mother was Welsh, met Tippett before World War II and was like him a conscientious objector, doing farm work in East Anglia. Hawker married a doctor and had two daughters, but the marriage collapsed after 13 years. He met Tippett again in 1957, living with him until 1974, often turbulently, because of Hawker’s neurotic behaviour. He was an accomplished teacher, as Tippett records in his autobiography, Those Twentieth Century Blues. Hawker latterly lived for a time in Cyprus but could not settle there and eventually committed suicide. There is a portrait of Tippett by Hawker in the Tippett biographer Ian Kemp’s Symposium (the original belonged to the music critic Peter Heyworth), the musical publisher Schott & Co included a Hawker design on the first edition of Tippett’s Crown of the Year and Tippett owned a Julian HAWKES 1944– Sculptor, notable for abstract self-portrait by Hawker. works in various materials, born in Gloucester. He Susan HAWKER 1949– Painter in oil and studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1967–9, watercolour, born in Surrey. She attended Sutton gaining a Sainsbury Award in 1966. Was assistant School of Art, 1965–6, Epsom School of Art, 1968– to Phillip King, 1969–75, in the latter year winning 71, and Royal College of Art, 1971–4, being a Gulbenkian Award and having a solo show at awarded a John Minton Scholarship. Among Woburn Arts Centre. Showed solo with Rowan various awards won was first prize in the Laing Gallery from 1978, Arts Council from the first Painting Competition, 1981. Was elected RWS in exhibition acquiring Untitled, in canvas and wood, 1975 and also showed in mixed exhibitions at RA, of 1976–7. Hawkes’ Untitled, 1979, in oak and Leonie Jonleigh Studio in Guildford, Camden Arts York stone, was commissioned by Peterborough Centre and elsewhere. From 1976 had a series of City Council. Later group exhibitions included solo shows at Thackeray Gallery. Carlisle City Art Nature as Material, Arts Council tour, 1980; Gallery, Chantrey Bequest and National Maquettes for Public Sculpture, Welsh Sculpture Westminster Bank hold her work. Hawker was a Trust, Margham Park, 1982; and The Crafts Factor landscape painter whose work was on more than in Architecture and Building, RIBA, 1985. In that one occasion compared to that of Cézanne. year Hawkes’ lyrically ascending mild steel and Karl HAWKER fl. from 1930s–1984


York stone sculpture Splash, 1985, was included in Masterpieces of the Avantgarde, Annely Juda Fine Art/Juda Rowan Gallery.

the Custard Factory, Birmingham, 1995, and Music Room Gallery, 1996.

John HAWKESWORTH 1920–2003 Painter, designer,

Painter and conservator, whose own works were richly coloured abstracts with landscape allusions. Hawkes studied at Cambridge Anglia Polytechnic, 1974–6, and in 1976–80 at Byam Shaw Art School, teachers including Frank Bowling and Simon Willis. In his second year he gained the Graham Hamilton Drawing Award. Undertook five-year apprenticeship as a painting conservator at School of Helmut Ruhemann and became a visiting teacher to art schools. Was a member of the International Institution for Conservation and the Association of British Restorers. Hawkes’ main works were T Junction, 1979; Victorian, 1988; and Arbudus Point, 1993. Exhibitions included Mario Flecha Gallery, 1987; Edogawa Culture Centre, Tokyo, 1990; Collective Gallery, Edinburgh, 1994; and a shared exhibition with John Maltby, Andrew Vass and Richard Day, Amalgam 1995. Had a solo exhibition at Ginza, Tokyo, 1990, and shared one with Mark Reddy at Lynne Strover Gallery, Fen Ditton, 1997. Hawkes said that he was “influenced by British colour-field painters such as Robyn Denny, Richard Smith and Bridget Riley”. Lived in Cambridge.

writer and producer. He attended Rugby School and Oxford University and in between spent five months in Paris at Académie Julian. During Army service in World War II continued to paint. After demobilisation in 1946 pictures by Hawkesworth in Redfern Gallery were seen by the film director Alexander Korda’s designer brother Vincent, who invited Hawkesworth to join the art department of London Films. Hawkesworth was art director for such films as The Third Man. In 1955 he gained the chance of learning the role of producer with the Rank Organisation and later moved into television as creator, writer and producer. Among the many films and television plays and series Hawkesworth was responsible for were Tiger Bay; Upstairs, Downstairs; The Duchess of Duke Street; The Tale of Beatrix Potter; and Sherlock Holmes. In 1991 an exhibition of his film design work of the 1950s was shown at Austin/Desmond Fine Art. Lived near Oakham, Rutland; and in London.

Justin HAWKES 1955–

Artist and teacher who studied at the West of England College of Art, Bristol. He taught at Middlesbrough College of Art, 1952–86, finally as director of studies. Hawking exhibited and completed commissioned Pam HAWKES 1953– Figurative artist and lecturer, work mainly in the northeast of England. One born in Birmingham, who graduated with first- example is his cast-aluminium abstract relief class honours in fine art at Coventry University, Untitled, of 1962, sited on the front of the gaining her master’s from the University of Central Modernist Dunning Street police station in England. She won many awards, including a first Middlesbrough. prize in 1996 in the RBSA Open and the Jaguar Prize in 1997; the Lord Lieutenant’s Trophy Award Dennis HAWKINS 1925– Painter, sculptor, in 1996 and the thesis prize at the Association of printmaker and teacher who studied at Ruskin Art Historians at the Courtauld Institute in 1997, School of Drawing, Oxford, 1947–9, then Slade as well as a prize at the Leicester City Annual Open School of Fine Art, 1949–52, teachers including Exhibition that year. Hawkes was a visiting lecturer William Coldstream and Graham Sutherland. He at Wolverhampton University and Solihull College. was a member of the Printmakers’ Council and Group shows included Bug Gallery, Coventry, Midland Group of Artists. Showed at Gimpel Fils, 1996, and Leicester City Gallery and Barn End AIA, LG, Redfern Gallery and New Vision Centre Gallery, Solihull, annual exhibitions, both 1997. and International Print Biennales in Tokyo and Hawkes was shown by Compton Cassey Gallery Florence. Commissions included murals and basat ART2003 in 2003. She had solo exhibitions at reliefs at New Hospital, Netheredge, Sheffield, and Eddie HAWKING 1926–


a series of panels for Royal Children’s Hospital in Liverpool. Arts Council, Victoria & Albert Museum, provincial art galleries, education authorities and overseas galleries hold Hawkins’ work. He became director of art at Repton School, living at Repton, Derbyshire.

Painter in oil, draughtsman, illustrator and photographer, born and lived in Birmingham, who studied at the College of Art there, 1964–8. He was a technical illustrator in the railway industry and press photographer who became noted for his depiction of current and historical railway subjects worldwide, “concentrating on the unique atmosphere of the steam railway in all its forms”. Was in 1979 a founder-member of the Guild of Railway Artists, becoming its president in 1988, exhibiting extensively with the Guild. Also had solo shows in Birmingham, Solihull and York. Hawkins’ articles appeared regularly in the railway press, from 1986 appeared in the Footplate Calendar and had fine art prints produced by Quicksilver Publishing. Completed works for railway companies, such as European Passenger Services’ Eurostar trains, 1995. Other works held by Freightliner, BBC, Birmingham Post and Mail, Bristol United Press and Brown & Root-Booz Allen Ltd. Phillip Dennis HAWKINS 1947–

James HAWKINS 1954– Painter and designer, born in Reading, Berkshire, who attended Wimbledon School of Art, 1972–3; West Sussex College of Design, Worthing, 1974–5; and Ruskin School of Drawing, Oxford, 1975–8. Awards and commissions included the Painting Prize at Ruskin, 1976; Painter of the Year, Warwick Arts Trust, 1989; and Glenfiddich Distillery Scottish Art, 1998. In 1986 Hawkins did stage design for The Brahan Seer, Eden Court Theatre, Inverness. Had a series of solo shows, starting with Eden Court, 1983, later ones including A Journey in all Weathers, 1999, and Way Out West, 2003, both with Davies & Tooth at The Air Gallery. As in this show, Hawkins’ work was about Scottish landscape. This he walked and chronicled with his wife Flick, working up in the studio richly coloured, gestural, almost abstract Sheila HAWKINS 1905–1999 Illustrator, painter and depictions of water and rugged terrain. The Gallery writer, born in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia, where of Modern Art in Glasgow; Edinburgh City life in the bush introduced her to the animals she Council; Paintings in Hospitals, Scotland; and became notable for drawing in a humorous way. Highland Regional Council hold examples. Moved to Melbourne she studied at Toorak College and briefly at the School of Art, but financial Peter HAWKINS 1934–c.1980s Sculptor and teacher, problems forced her to do commercial illustrating, born in London, who studied at Kingston and painting in her spare time. In 1931 she travelled Chelsea Schools of Art and Royal College of Art. to Europe and after a year in Spain settled in Showed with Young Contemporaries, 1958; England where she continued to live, apart from Cultura Ingles, Porto Alegre, Brazil, 1959; the years 1948–51 in Australia. She made her name Wakefield and Bradford City Art Galleries, both as a children’s illustrator after the success of her 1962; and LG and Redfern Galleries, Arts Council book Black Tuppeny in 1932, illustrating about 50 Exhibition of Sculpture in Reading and A Painter’s volumes, 10 of which she wrote. In the 1930s she Collection at RA (Edward Le Bas’ collection; he was the first woman to be employed in the oil held several of Hawkins’ works), all 1963. Hawkins company Shell-Mex’s studio. During World War lectured at the School of Furniture and Design, II as an unofficial war artist she produced a mural High Wycombe, into the 1960s, living in a of Australian foresters in Scotland and drawings converted barn in Abingdon, Berkshire. Went to of women operating coal barges on London canals; India and America and was interested in yoga, she then painted portraits as an official artist to the mysticism and aestheticism, his later work Australian Air Force. Hawkins showed with Goupil becoming more conceptual, influenced by Gallery and SWA in the 1930s; had a solo Minimalism. exhibition at the Geffrye Museum in 1951; and 76

Studied at St John’s Wood School of Art, where she won a silver medal, and at the Royal Academy Schools, under George Clausen, where she won a silver medal and the Landseer Scholarship. She taught for two years at King’s College, then privately. Exhibited at many venues, including the RA, Fine Art Society, RI, SWA, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and the Paris Salon, where she won a silver medal. Hawksley was a member of the RI and the Society of Mural Decorators and Painters in Tempera. She made large pull-out illustrations, suitable for classroom walls, for Child Education and was commissioned by Heinemann to design dust-jackets for the novels The Lacquer Lady, by F Tennyson Jesse, 1929; Without my Cloak, by Kate O’Brien, 1931; and Almond, Wild Almond, by D K Broster, 1933. Represented in several British provincial public collections, and in galleries in North America. Hawksley was capable of painting impressive, slightly stagey pictures in the manner of Charles Ricketts. Japanese woodcuts, of the type owned by Ricketts and Charles Shannon, were a strong influence on Hawksley, as explained in the informative essay by her friend John Christian in the well-illustrated catalogue of her work accompanying The Maas Gallery exhibition in 2005. He had included three of Hawksley’s pictures in The Last Romantics show which he organised at the Barbican Art Gallery in 1989. Lived in London.

from the mid-1960s concentrated on painting landscapes and abstracts as a member of the Ridley Art Society and the Free Painters and Sculptors, which gave her a retrospective, 2000. The Mitchell Library, Sydney, and Australian War Memorial Library, Canada, hold much of her output.

Vicky HAWKINS 1948– Versatile artist whose work including painting, drawing, stage-set design, wall hangings and furniture, born and lived in east London. She attended Sir John Cass School of Art, 1968–9; East Ham Technical College, 1969–70; and the Central School of Art, 1970–3. She was studio assistant to the painter Bridget Riley, 1974– 86, completed stage sets for productions at the Almeida, Old Red Lion and King’s Head Theatres and made radio and television appearances. From the early 1970s Hawkins participated in numerous group exhibitions, among them latterly Chelsea Arts Club Members’ Show, 1996; Miniatures, Oxford House, 1997; One World, One Heart, Tokyo, Salt Lake City and London, 2001; One Heart, One World, a touring exhibition of Japan, America and the United Kingdom, 2002; and Small is Beautiful XXII, Flowers Central, 2004–5. By then Hawkins had had over 20 solo shows, later ones including In Focus, Châteaubriant, France, 1998; Tremor, The Sun & Doves Gallery, 2000; New Work, The Shop, Vallance Road, and Art At The Barn, Upstreet, Kent, both 2001; Snatches, Combined Harvest, 2003; and Living Dolls, The Book, The Film, The Cast, Studio Show, 2004. Rozanne HAWKSLEY 1931– Artist and teacher, born Leeds City Council, Lloyds of London, Leopard in Portsmouth, Hampshire, who attended the TV and many private collectors held examples. Southern College of Art there, then Royal College of Art, with postgraduate studies at Goldsmiths’ Anthony HAWKSLEY 1921– Sculptor, designer and College School of Art. Hawksley worked originally artist in precious metals, born in Coventry, as a freelance illustrator and designer/maker, Warwickshire. He studied at Regent Street including textile art, while teaching part-time in Polytechnic, Maidstone College of Art and the schools of art, including two years in America. Royal College of Art. Showed at Ewan Phillips Later part-time and visiting teaching posts included Gallery, Oxford Gallery and widely overseas. His Goldsmiths’, Royal College and Slade School of work is held by Magdelene and Keble Colleges at Fine Art. Hawksley’s sculptures comprised clay, Oxford University. Lived at Deddington, Oxford. wax, wood, bone and jewels; the resulting images could be disturbing, not finding a ready outlet in Dorothy Webster HAWKSLEY 1884–1970 Painter in watercolour and tempera of figures and portraits; commercial galleries. In the mid-1990s her work black-and-white artist; teacher, born in London. was “influenced by an Arts Council study tour to 77

Andalucia and Spanish art of Catholique Morticole, together with the effects of war, sickness, death and poverty on the individual and the loneliness of the suffering individual.” Exhibitions included the Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto, Japan; Crafts Council; Plymouth City Art Gallery; Cornerhouse, Manchester; Camden Arts Centre; RSA; and Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge. Hawksley’s work was held by Imperial War Museum, Kennedy Center in America and the Museum of Textiles in Poland. She was first married to the illustrator Åsgeir Scott, secondly to the actor Brian Hawksley. Lived at Newport, Dyfed.

Fils. With the writer Richard Severy she created a series of illustrated children’s books. Haworth in 1997 settled in America at Sundance, Utah, in 2000 showing at the Sundance Screening Room. A show at The Mayor Gallery in 2006 had an informative illustrated catalogue.

Lilian HAWTHORN 1909–1996 Painter, born and lived in London, who was married to the artist Elwin Hawthorne. Originally exhibited under her maiden name Lily Leahy. While working in the city, in her teens she attended various drawing classes at Regent Street Polytechnic, then joined John Cooper’s classes at the Bow and Bromley Evening Institute, which she stayed with during the 1930s. Showed with the East London Group at Lefevre Gallery. Did various jobs, including decorating china and window dressing, continuing to paint and exhibit and do imaginative tapestry work until an advanced age. Also showed in East Ham area and with Whitechapel Art Gallery.

Painter and draughtsman who attended Wimbledon School of Art, 1994–5, and part-time, for her master’s in drawing, 1998– 00, having graduated in fine art with honours from Surrey Institute of Art & Design, 1995–8. Gained runner-up prizes, Artist of the Year, 99, in 1999, and Young Artist of the Year, The Hunting Art Prizes 2000. Exhibitions included Back to the Future, National Gallery, 1997; Royal College of Art, 1998; and The Harbour Club, Chelsea, March 1999. She was resident artist at Centro Verrochio, Tuscany, in 2000. Lived in Sutton, Surrey. Emma HAWORTH 1976–

Jann HAWORTH 1942– Artist and teacher, born in Hollywood, California, who was for a time married to the artist Peter Blake. She was one of the seven founders of The Brotherhood of Ruralists in 1975 which had its first show at RA in 1976. Haworth studied at University of California, Los Angeles, 1959–61, and at Slade School of Fine Art, 1962– 3. In the 1970s founded The Looking Glass School in Wellow, Avon, for children, with a group of similarly minded parents to share teaching. As well as painting she created masks and figures in terracotta and other materials. Contributed to group shows, including Four Young Artists, 1963, and The Obsessive Image, 1968, at ICA; RA; and Ruralist exhibitions. Solo shows were held at Robert Fraser Gallery, 1964–9; Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, and Leslie Waddington, both 1974, and elsewhere. Was included in the survey exhibition The 1960’s at England & Co, 1993, and in the same year had her first solo show for 20 years at Gimpel

Raymond Humphrey Millis HAWTHORN 1917–1997 Wood engraver and teacher, born in Poole, Dorset. He studied at Coventry School of Art, 1935–9, and gained his teaching diploma from Hornsey School of Arts and Crafts, 1939–40, teachers including Norman Janes and Douglas Percy Bliss. Hawthorn had several teaching appointments, starting with Coventry School of Art, 1946, latterly lecturing full-time at Wirral College of Art and Design and Adult Studies, 1976– 8, part-time 1978–80. He was elected a fellow of RE in 1975, being invited to join SWE, 1985. Also showed in mixed exhibitions at Wirral Society of Arts and Atkinson Art Gallery in Southport. One-man shows included Folio Gallery, 1959, and Williamson Art Gallery, Birkenhead, 1980. Atkinson and Williamson Galleries hold examples. Hawthorn’s leading themes in book illustration were mainly classical and medieval history, in prints mainly landscapes and in paperback cover illustration The New Testament. Lived in Bebington, Wirral, Merseyside.

Painter, draughtsman and teacher. Born at Kettering, Northamptonshire, he studied at Wyggeston Art School, Leicester, 1890–2, in the studio of Walter Gash, Kettering 1895–1902, Wimbledon School of Art, Académie Julian, in Paris, 1901, then in the studio of Sir Alfred East for many years. He exhibited at the RA and extensively in the provinces. He published books on art education

Wilfred Charles HAWTHORN 1877–1955


in Glasgow, whose daughter was the artist Ann Finlayson, Helen having married Iain Finlayson in 1940. Hay studied at Glasgow School of Art, Newlyn School of Art and for a term drawing and painting at Slade School of Fine Art, 1933–4. Exhibitions included RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and Paisley and Elwin HAWTHORNE 1905–1954 Painter, printmaker Southampton Art Galleries. She died at Chartham and teacher, born and lived in London, his wife Manor, Kent. the painter Lilian Hawthorn, his uncle the parttime artist Henry Silk. Like them he showed with Ian HAY 1940– Artist in pastel and watercolour, and the East London Group at Lefevre Gallery, having teacher, born in Harwich, Essex. He studied at studied from 1927 with John Cooper at the Bow Colchester School of Art, 1955–60, then Royal and Bromley Evening Institute. Through the Group College of Art, 1960–3, teachers including John Hawthorne (his full name was Elwin Henry Nash, Ruskin Spear and Roger de Grey. He taught Hawthorn; the added e was a mistake in a review at St Martin’s and Norwich Schools of Art and was which Lefevre chose to retain; some very early senior lecturer in drawing at the school of art at work is signed Elwin H Hawthorn or E H H) met Colchester Institute. Hay was noted for his pastels Walter Sickert, whose studio assistant he was for of the Thames, its changing moods in different three years. He was eventually under contract to climates. He was a member of Colchester Art Reid & Lefevre and had two solo exhibitions with Society, also showing with Phoenix Gallery in them, 1934 and 1938. In World War II Hawthorne London and Lavenham; Minories, Colchester; RA served with ARP (Air-raid Precautions) and St Summer Exhibitions and elsewhere. Public John’s Ambulance Brigade, witnessing harrowing galleries in Sheffield and Doncaster hold examples. scenes which affected this sensitive man deeply. Lived in Colchester, Essex. Then served in the Army, after which he worked for Plessey’s, handling wages. Died on his way to John Arthur Machray HAY 1887–1960 Portrait painter, one of several evening classes he taught. Pictures born in Aberdeen, who studied under George by Hawthorne of pre-World War II London are of Harcourt at Patrick Allan-Fraser School of Art, deceptively simple design, in which he captures Hospitalfield, Arbroath. He was a member of RP the atmosphere of almost-deserted streets with a and London Portrait Society and showed also at near-surreal style. Among collectors were the Duke RA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and of Rutland, Earl of Sandwich, Sir Edward Marsh, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. He lived in London Charles Laughton and J B Priestley. Manchester and painted portraits of the nobility. City Art Gallery holds Hawthorne’s Church near Ken HAY 1955– Artist and teacher, born in Inverness, Blackheath, presented by Contemporary Art who graduated with honours in fine art from Society. University of Leeds, 1973–7, teachers including and practice. Work held by Herbert Art Gallery and Museum, Coventry, and the Alfred East Gallery, Kettering. For some time Hawthorn was president of the Coventry Art Guild. Was for a period chief assistant art master at Loughborough College of Art. Lived in Coventry.

Lawrence Gowing and Paul Gopal Chowdhury; attending the Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence, Italy, 1978–80, under Fernando Farulli; gaining his master’s in visual art at University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1980–2, under David Tinker; and his doctorate there, 1982–90, the subject Italian materialist aesthetics, 1860–1960. Completed murals in Puigcerda, Spain, 1979 and Florence, Helen HAY 1910–1993 Painter and draughtsman, born 1980, and a mosaic mural for British Rail,

Self-taught and muchtravelled painter whose bold, energetic and colourful style owed much to Rock, Reggae, jazz visuals and underground comics. He had a solo show at Alchemy in 2000. The Museum of London and Lambeth Archives acquired his work. Lived in London. Mike HAWTHORNE 1954–


teacher, born in Brighton, Sussex, where he attended the College of Art, 1933–8, under Walter Bayes and Lawrence Preston; then studied at Slade School of Fine Art with Randolph Schwabe, 1939– 40. He held a series of teaching posts, including Portsmouth College of Art and Bradford College of Art, eventually becoming head of fine art at Liverpool Polytechnic. Exhibited RA, LG, Leicester Galleries, Sussex University and elsewhere. Lived in Liverpool.

Aberystwyth, 1984. By the time of his 25-year retrospective at the University of Leeds Gallery in 2000 Hay had had some 40 shows around the world; after a diverse teaching career was head of the department of fine art there and head of the sub-faculty of arts; and was working “in painting, screenprint, photography, video, but mostly digital media, or various combinations of these.” Hay was a frequent translator from Italian, lecturer and contributor to learned publications.

Versatile painter, born in Edinburgh, who studied at Royal Scottish Academy Schools, at Académie Julian in Paris and in Antwerp. He was elected RSW in 1891, RI in 1917. A prolific exhibitor, he also showed at RA, RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and many other galleries. Lived in London.

Colin HAYES 1919–2003 Artist in oil and watercolour,

Peter Alexander HAY 1866–1952

writer and teacher, born and lived in London. Hayes gained his master’s degree from Oxford University and studied at Ruskin School of Drawing in Oxford. He “greatly valued Peter Greenham’s drawing lessons at the City School, Oxford.” Between 1940–5 Hayes was commissioned in the Royal Engineers. He was on the staff of the Royal College of Art, eventually as reader, 1949–84. Hayes was president of RBA and was elected RA in 1970. He wrote a series of books on painting and painters, including Renoir and Rembrandt, Stanley Spencer and Ruskin Spear as well as A Grammar of Drawing. Showed in RA Summer Exhibitions, at Agnew, New Grafton and Fieldborne Galleries and in the provinces. In later years Hayes’ palette lightened, he was fond of painting in Greece and there was a strong pattern element in his richly coloured landscapes. Arts Council, British Council and many other public collections in Britain and abroad hold examples. New Grafton Gallery held a retrospective in 1996. Chappel Galleries, Chappel, showed Hayes’ Mediterranean Paintings in 2003.

Portrait and figure painter and theatre designer, born in London where he was based, son of the landscape painter Rudolf Heubach. Educated at Brighton College, he served in France during World War I, being demobilised after suffering shell shock. Began his largely selftaught career as an artist in the 1920s, spending some time at Chelsea Polytechnic School of Art with J D Revel, and working in association with Stanley Lupino. After living in South Africa he returned to England just before World War II and enlisted in the Auxiliary Fire Service. In his spare time he painted pictures of the Blitz, reputedly based on sketches on active service. War Artists’ Advisory Committee declined to give Haybrook a commission, but they bought works by him, one of which is in the Imperial War Museum, which has since acquired others. Showed RA and had one-man shows at Brook Street Gallery in 1930s and at Leicester Galleries, which showed a big collection of his war pictures in 1940. Haybrook lectured on fire-fighting techniques in North America. After the war he developed a lung complaint brought on by his fire service work, and giving up painting spent some years as a courier, being a fluent French and German speaker. Rudolf HAYBROOK 1898–1965

Painter and draughtsman, born in Dublin, Ireland, living in London from 1957, whose output included stylised figurative pictures. From 1958, when he had a one-man exhibition, Walls, at Hammersmith Art Gallery, Hayes had others every few years, with a series at Drian Gallery from 1964, including Lines for Beckett, 1970; Chamber Music, 1973; and (Study) Oliver Plunkett’s Head, 1981. He also showed works at Redfern Gallery, New Vision and New Reg HAYDEN 1917– Painter, draughtsman and Art Centres; in America at the Heritage Gallery Edward HAYES 1932–


and Barnsdale Museum, both in Los Angeles, and Long Beach Museum, California; and in Poland at the National Museum, in Warsaw.

Santa Fe. He had a solo show at Anthony Hepworth Fine Art, Bath, 1992. For a time Hayes had a studio in Cornwall.

Painter and draughtsman, born in Aberdeen, who studied with Roy Oxlade, 1977–82. She participated in a number of group exhibitions including RA; Oxford County Museum, Woodstock; Victoria Art Gallery, Bath; and Usher Gallery, Lincoln. Included in the 1991 David Bomberg and his followers exhibition at Towner Art Gallery, Eastbourne. Her picture Embalmed With A Cat was selected for the 1992 East & South Norwich Gallery/Kent Institute of Art and Design show. In 2000 and 2003, Hayes was shortlisted for the £25,000 Charles Wollaston Prize at the RA Summer Exhibition. Later solo shows included Harriet Green Gallery, 1997; SFMoMA Artists Gallery, San Francisco, California, 2002; and Café Gallery Projects, 2003. Hayes was a part-time art teacher at Tunbridge Wells Adult Education Centre, 1986–90. Lived at Bells Yew Green, Sussex.

Painter, illustrator, photographer and writer, born in Montreal, Canada, who studied at Southend College of Art. His work appeared in a wide number of newspapers and periodicals, such as the Daily Mail, Illustrated London News and Britannia and Eve. He was for a time president of the Arts Club in St Ives, Cornwall, where he lived, also showing with St Ives Society of Artists.

Georgia HAYES 1946–

Malcolm HAYLETT 1923–

Painter, often on driftwood, poet and publisher, born in London where he finally lived. Was educated at Malvern College, but lived in New Zealand in 1936–47, starting to paint in Dunedin, in 1938. Returned to England in 1947, eventually settling in Cornwall. Although he finally moved from Cornwall permanently he often returned there and it remained an inspiration for his painting. He much admired the work of the primitive artist Alfred Wallis; his own pictures also drew on images of the sea and have an apparently childlike quality, vigorous, vivid and direct. From 1958–63 founded and edited the magazine The Painter and Sculptor, influential in its advocacy of figurative art. In 1988 the Louise Hallett Gallery published Painted Poems by Hayman. Showed widely in group shows and had solo exhibitions in Cornwall, London and abroad. A large retrospective show was at Camden Arts Centre and then toured in 1990. There was another at Belgrave Gallery in 2005, launching its publication Patrick Hayman – Visional Artist, by Mel Gooding. Tate Gallery and Arts Council hold his work. Patrick HAYMAN 1915–1988

Jonathan HAYES 1969– Artist

using such media as etching, photograph and crayon, and teacher, born in the Isle of Sheppey, Kent. Studied at University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, gaining a firstclass honours degree, 1991, winning several prizes. Then worked for his master’s degree, and taught as a part-time lecturer and studio assistant. He took part in exhibitions at the College’s Art Centre and was in 1993 Aberystwyth Artists exhibition at The Deffett Francis Gallery, Swansea Institute of Higher Education. Margaret C HAYES: see Margaret Clarisse TOULMIN

Sculptor and ceramist who studied at Birmingham College of Art. He then travelled extensively and worked in Lesotho, Swaziland, Botswana, India, Nepal, Japan, South Korea and in continental Europe, all of which contributed to his unique style. Among his shows were Sotheby’s and Christie’s; Scottish Gallery, Edinburgh; Graham Gallery, New York; Martha Sneider, Chicago; and Running Ridge Gallery, Peter HAYES 1946–

Hayman CHAFFEY 1920– Painter and designer, born in Hastings, Sussex, full name Frederick William Hayman Chaffey. He studied at Hastings School of Art, Hornsey School of Art and privately. Exhibited RA, RBA, NS, Leicester and Heal’s Galleries and at Paris Salon. Lived for a time at Charing, Kent, and in Barcelona, Spain.


Dan HAYS 1966– Painter, born and lived in London, who graduated in fine art from Goldsmiths’ College, 1987–90. He was first prize winner at the 1997–8 John Moores Liverpool Exhibition with his oil on canvas Harmony in Green, his depiction of a green hamster cage, exactly the artist’s height, with “a very slight perspective. My early obsessions with Escher and Op Art resurface.” Group shows included Thirty Seven Seconds, The Slaughterhouse, 1989; Moving Pictures, Clove Gallery, 1993; 22Ovolt Message, Hooghuis, Arnhem, Netherlands, 1995; the Arts Council new purchases tour Ace!, 1996–7; and Die Young Stay Pretty, ICA, 1998–9. Solo shows included Laure Genillard Gallery, 1996; 30 Underwood Street, 1998; and Entwistle, 2002. The Saatchi Collection holds his work.

in 1937, and in 1939 collaborated on print portfolios to aid the Spanish Republican Children’s Fund. Was married three times, his second wife being the American sculptor Helen Phillips. Hayter was an early member of the Surrealist movement; he exhibited widely in Europe and America; wrote books on Jankel Adler, 1948, and New Ways of Gravure, 1949, plus numerous articles. Received the Légion d’Honneur in 1951. He took part in numberless exhibitions throughout the world, including a retrospective exhibition at Whitechapel Art Gallery in 1957 with an Arts Council tour in 1958, transferred that year to the Venice Biennale; print retrospective at Victoria & Albert Museum, 1969; another at British Museum 2001–02. Although Hayter had spent the period 1940–50 in New York, where he ran Atelier 17, he took it back to Paris in 1950, closing the New York branch in 1955, and it was in Paris that he died. A man of great enthusiasm and energy, Hayter continued painting to the end of his life, during which period his pictures took on a new, glowing colour. Having been introduced to engraving by the Polish artist Joseph Hecht and the idea of a line that was “not drawn but driven”, Hayter favoured working “automatically”; for him “an image is made without deliberate intention or direction”, although the method for achieving it was carefully determined beforehand.

Sculptor, painter and teacher, son of a mason “and a three-hundredyear-old tradition”. Left school aged 16, first studied sculpture under Ralph Brown and then under Paul Fletcher at Bournemouth College of Art, later with Bernard Meadows at the Royal College of Art. Taught sculpture at Central School of Art and Design from 1973. In 1988, Haysom began preparing stone blocks for a studio, built in Acton, near Worth Matravers, Dorset. When cancer stopped him carving, he turned to painting. A memorial show was held at Central and St Martins School of Art, a few weeks after his death, in May Margaret HAYTHORNE 1893– Painter, printmaker 1989. and designer, born in Liverpool, where she attended the City School of Art under William Penn, then Stanley William HAYTER 1901–1988 Engraver, the Central School of Arts and Crafts under Francis painter, teacher and writer, born in London, son of Jackson and Noel Rooke. Was sister of the artist the painter W H Hayter. After taking a degree in Edmund Haythorne and was a member of the chemistry at King’s College, London University, Sandon Studios Society. She exhibited RA, in 1921, Hayter worked for Anglo-Iranian Oil RCamA, Redfern Gallery and SWE. Whitworth Company in Abadan in the early-1920s. He had Art Gallery in Manchester holds her work. Lived begun to experiment with printmaking and in 1926 in Liverpool. left the oil company, moved to Paris and enrolled at Académie Julian, where his fellow-students Alfred HAYWARD 1875–1971 Painter and mural artist included Balthus, Calder and Anthony Gross. In strongly influenced by the Impressionists. Born in 1927 he founded Atelier 17 to research the London, he was within a few months taken to live technique of engraving and thereafter was greatly in Hooe, Sussex, at Quiddleswell Mount, which influential as a teacher. Hayter advised the he sold only in 1948 when his finances were low Republican government in Spain on camouflage, and he was in receipt of a Civil List Pension. From Christopher HAYSOM 1939–1989


1891–4 attended South Kensington Schools, then was at Slade School of Fine Art, 1895–7. During the period up to World War I Hayward travelled to West Indies, Central America and Italy, which he always loved. After serving in Artists’ Rifles Hayward was appointed an Official War Artist, 1918–9, his resulting work being held by Imperial War Museum. By the end of the 1920s Hayward was faring well as a painter, but his income dipped sharply in the 1930s. Exhibited RA, NEAC, of which he was a member, Leicester Galleries, Wildenstein, RP, RWS and Gallery Edward Harvane, 1970. Work held by Tate Gallery, provincial galleries and galleries overseas. Centenary exhibition Belgrave Gallery, 1975. Hayward was a keen member of Chelsea Arts Club, a dapper, immaculate man of old-fashioned manners. Finally lived in London.

Painters. His work included east windows, St Michael, Paternoster Royal (Dick Whittington’s church); east window in St Peter’s, Oxford; nave windows, Grantham Parish Church; and nearly all windows in Dunstable Priory (a booklet on the glass there features Hayward’s work); and the east window in Walsingham Church. Hayward said that he was “influenced by icons, Braque, Sutherland and Seurat. My design tends to be figures in landscapes.” Ely Cathedral Stained Glass Museum holds Hayward’s work. Lived in Corscombe, Dorchester, Dorset.

Painter and teacher who studied at Eastbourne School of Art, 1963– 5, and West Sussex College of Higher Education, 1965–8. Until 1972 taught in Essex and at an approved school in County Durham, then became head of art and arts co-ordinator for Walton Comprehensive School, Peterborough. Exhibitions included Wisbech Museum, Usher Gallery in Lincoln, Yarrow Gallery in Oundle and in 1987 he was included in Peterborough’s Art ’87, at Lady Lodge Arts Centre. Pete HAYWARD fl. from 1960s–

Marine, portrait and figure painter and teacher, born in Southport, Lancashire, who studied at Warrington School of Art and with Stanhope Forbes. During World War I he was a captain with the Royal Field Artillery. After living in Newlyn he settled in St Ives, Cornwall, where he started teaching in the Shore Studio where he worked. Hayward was a member of St Ives Art Club. He showed at the RA Summer Exhibition 1920–47, also ROI, RSA, RWA and Paris Salon. His pictures were acquired by public galleries in Warrington and Auckland, New Zealand and the National Portrait Gallery obtained his 1933 self-portrait from the Fine Art Society in 1985. Hayward’s paintings are commonly modest in size, but are notable for their depiction of glittering light on water. Arthur HAYWARD 1889–1960

Sculptor and teacher who studied sculpture at St Martin’s School of Art in the early 1970s, then ceramics at the Royal College of Art, 1983–5. He taught part-time in art colleges, also running educational workshops in schools and museums for primary-age children. His work included assemblages of wall-mounted objects and constructions using found objects. Exhibited in many group shows in Britain, continental Europe and America. Solo appearances included Orchard Gallery, Londonderry, 1986; Artsite, Bath, 1990; and Winchester Gallery, Winchester, 1993. In 1997 John HAYWARD 1929– Stained glass artist who an exhibition of Hayward’s collection of utilitarian studied as a painter at St Martin’s School of Art, objects and toys bought during six trips to India, 1946–9. He learned stained glass with a firm in from 1988, was shown at Hove Museum & Art Westminster, then went freelance in 1961 with a Gallery. large commission for east and west windows at St Mary Le Bow. After this Hayward “was Martin HAYWARD-HARRIS 1959– Realistic wildlife continuously busy mostly with glass, but some sculptor, painter and printmaker who travelled furniture and metalwork, all commissioned work extensively around the world for subjects. in churches and other public places.” He was a Hayward-Harris was born in Reading, Berkshire, fellow of the British Society of Master Glass settling there at Earley. He began sculpting aged Tony HAYWARD 1954–


Botanical Magazine; and Reader’s Digest publications and was Young Illustrator of the Year in 1989. Group shows included Astley House Fine Art, Moreton-in-Marsh, and in 2005 A New Flowering: 1,000 Years of Botanical Art at the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. That exhibition was curated by Dr Shirley Sherwood, who included Haywood in her 1996 book Contemporary Botanical Artists and owned her work. She was also mentioned in The Art of Botanical Illustration, by Wilfrid Blunt, edited by William T Stearn, which had originally appeared in 1950. Haywood wrote: “I want to combine the scientific with the aesthetic, Eric HAYWARD-YOUNG 1908– Painter of pictures to be technically accurate but to give the painting and murals and miniaturist, born in Sheffield, son life, with individual style and character.” She lived of the artist Walter Hayward-Young. Studied art in Kington, Herefordshire. privately and showed at RA. Lived in London. John HAYWOOD 1936–1991 Painter and falconer, Carol HAYWOOD 1941– Sculptor, ceramist and based in Coventry, Warwickshire, where he teacher, born in Clifton Hampden, Oxfordshire, attended the College of Art. Then spent a year on who as well as drawing worked in porcelain and the continent where he “sketched, played piano in bronze. She studied fine art at St Martin’s School bars and learned to play the Flamenco guitar.” Back of Art, 1958–62, teachers including Peter Blake, in England working for his father Haywood’s Derrick Greaves, Elisabeth Frink, Peter de Francia, teenage interest in flying birds of prey was Frederick Gore, Joe Tilson and John Farleigh; then rekindled, and at his suggestion he flew falcons gained her master’s in ceramics at Cardiff, 1992– for display at Twycross Zoo Park. After three years 4, under Mick Casson, Geoffrey Swindell and Peter there Haywood helped a wealthy client to train Starkey. Working from the figure arose from a birds of prey, also working with falcons and eagles lifelong interest in dancing and yoga. Haywood for films and television. Working with Countess taught yoga for over 20 years and art to children Marie de Beningsen, co-founder of the Quill and and adults, and from 1994 drawing at degree level Palette Partnership, which sold pictures to banks in the ceramics department at Cardiff (she had her and business premises, Haywood combined his own studio in the city). Group shows included bird and artistic talents and sold his own paintings Meridian, Hay-on-Wye; Candover Gallery, “from Aldwych to Hong Kong”. Eventually Alresford; and RWA 2nd Open Sculpture Haywood flew around 200 birds of prey. Haywood Exhibition, all 1996. She was a member of the sold well through the Mathaf Gallery to Middle Crafts Council Register. Eastern clients and himself flew falcons in North Africa. When King Fahd of Saudi Arabia visited Helen HAYWOOD 1964– Botanical artist, illustrator and teacher, born in Woolwich, southeast London, London in 1987 Mathaf held a special exhibition who studied at Carmarthen Art College; graduated featuring Haywood’s pictures and Genesis with honours from Newport College of Art, where Publications produced a 500-copy, signed book. 14, trained at the Berkshire College of Art and Design, 1978–84, and worked for five years in the model and taxidermy department of the Natural History Museum, gaining first-hand experience of wildlife anatomy. It holds his work. HaywardHarris exhibited widely in Britain and East Africa, including SWLA, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and with the East African Wildlife Society and was included in the Autumn Exhibition at The Wykeham Gallery, Stockbridge, 2001. Had solo shows at Phyllis Court Club, Henley-on-Thames, from 1990.

a notable teacher was Charles Gillard; and gained her master’s at Birmingham Polytechnic. Haywood taught at Bournville College of Art and Leamington Spa College. She illustrated for the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, which owned her work; Curtis’s


Mark HAYWOOD 1952– Printer, draughtsman, photographer and teacher, born in Oldham, Lancashire. He studied at Jacob Kramer College of Art in Leeds, 1971–2, then at the Medlock Fine Art Centre in Manchester, 1972–5, where his

teachers included the sculptor Keith Godwin. Went on to teach at Salford College of Art. Exhibited at Chenil Galleries, also widely in Lancashire, including Oldham Art Gallery and Portland Gallery. Manchester Polytechnic holds his work. Lived at Whalley Range, Manchester.

Dawson Museums Tour, 1987; and Continuing the Tradition, Chappel Galleries, Chappel, 1993. Had a one-man show at Bedford College, 1970, later ones including Frankfurt Art Fair, 1991, and Galerie Peerlings, Krefeld, and Galerie Krakeslatt, Brömolla, both 1993. Victoria & Albert Museum, Department of the Environment, Camden Arts Centre and many provincial galleries hold his work. Hazelwood’s idol was Nicolas de Stäel, other influences being Ben Nicholson, Mark Tobey, Kurt Schwitters, Antonio Tapiés and Roger Bissière. In 1995 a tribute show was held at Christchurch Mansion, Ipswich. Chappel Galleries held a solo exhibition of his collages in 2005. His younger brother was the artist Gordon Hazelwood.

Andy HAZELL 1959– Artist involved in public art, film and tin automata, born in Altrincham, Cheshire, whose “little tin figures represent moments in time…. Making things out of stuff that others throw away is very liberating.” Hazell graduated from Reading University, 1977–81, gaining his master’s from the Slade School of Fine Art, 1984–6. While at the Slade, in 1985 he won a University College London Travel Grant to visit mud mosques in Mali, in 1986 a Boise Scholarship to Japan. After being Sculpture Fellow at Cheltenham College of Art, 1987, in 1988 Hazell won a Crafts Council Setting Up Grant, other grants including ones in 1992 and 1995 taking him to Slovakia and Pakistan, part of his wide travels, including residencies around Britain, in Germany and America. For seven years he worked with Lucy Casson. Hazell’s wide experience included consultation, theatre and film works. His many commissions latterly included The Electric Palace, for Palace Theatre, Mansfield, 1999, and The Coughing Hospital, an animated collection box for Ventnor Botanical Gardens, 2001. Among numerous exhibitions were a solo at Oriel Myrddin Gallery, Carmarthen, 2002, others at Bury St Edmunds Gallery and Harley Gallery, Worksop, both 2003. Lived in Knighton, Powys.

Self-taught artist, born and lived in Ipswich, Suffolk. He used collage, acrylic and mixed media. Hazelwood’s work could be meticulous and subtly coloured, sometimes employing tiny pieces of sheet music. He was a member of Free Painters and Sculptors for a time, was a photo-lithographic artist, 1948–85, from then on a professional artist. Hazelwood took part in many group exhibitions including RA Summer Exhibition from 1977; Bath Festival from 1983; International Art Fairs from 1985, including Basle, Chicago, Cologne, Frankfurt and Madrid; Anthony

Largely a landscapebased artist in oil, watercolour, mixed media and drawing, and teacher, Hazelwood was born in Ipswich, Suffolk, the younger brother of the artist David Hazelwood. Gordon studied painting and sculpture at Ipswich School of Art for his National Diploma in Design, 1952–6, under Philip Fortin, Colin Moss and Bernard Reynolds. After in 1956– 7 gaining his art teaching certificate at London University’s Institute of Education, from 1959–97 he taught in secondary schools in Hertfordshire and Bedfordshire. As a young man he regularly exhibited at The Phoenix Gallery, Lavenham, occasionally at Snape Maltings, and was a foundermember of the New Ipswich Art Group. He shared shows at The Playhouse Gallery, Harlow, Letchworth Gallery and at Hertfordshire College of Art, St Albans, also exhibiting at RA, NEAC and RI. He had a solo show at Boxfield Gallery, Stevenage, in 1999. J M Whistler, Philip Wilson Steer, Walter Sickert and Victor Pasmore were “early and enduring interests and influences”. Many private collectors in Britain and abroad bought his work. Hazelwood lived in Harpenden, Hertfordshire. Gordon HAZELWOOD 1935–

David HAZELWOOD 1932–1994

Robin HAZLEWOOD 1944– Painter and teacher, born


in Warwickshire, where he studied at Coventry College of Art, 1961–5, then attended Liverpool College of Art, 1965–6. Taught widely in adult education in London, including Putney and

Eton College, 1964–8, under Peter Sumsion and Oliver Thomas; in 1969 did a pre-university course in Italy; was taught at West Surrey College of Art & Design by John Morris, 1970; then did a fine art degree at Bristol Polytechnic, 1971–4, in 1972 being a David Murray student, teachers including David Ferguson and Michael Canney. Became a full-time gardener at The Royal Horticultural Society, Wisley, from 1979. John Piper, Keith Grant, Christopher Wood, Walter Sickert and Monet were influences, subjects of work including landscapes, seascapes and views of old buildings. Head was a member of Guildford Art Society. Took part in mixed shows including RA Summer Exhibition from 1979, Michael Parkin Fine Art from 1984 and Sally Hunter Fine Art from 1986. Solo shows included Dillington House, Ilminster, 1980, and The First Gallery, Bitterne, 1995. Lived in Woking, Surrey.

Wandsworth and Camden and Stanhope Adult Education Institutes. In 1982 was included in Artists in Adult Education at Woodlands Art Gallery. Other shows included Coventry Museum and Art Gallery, 1965; Nuffield Gallery, Southampton, 1974; Scribes Gallery from 1979; and South London Art Gallery, 1980. Charles Walker HAZZARD 1964– Figurative sculptor,

born in Birmingham, who did a foundation course at Bournville Art School there, 1983–4; gained an honours degree at Gloucestershire College of Arts and Technology, 1984–7; did postgraduate study at Sir Henry Doulton School, 1988–90; then obtained a postgraduate higher diploma in sculpture at City & Guilds of London Art School, 1990–1. Hazzard was elected an associate of RBS in 1992, becoming a member of its council and several of its committees. In 1996–8 he was appointed to a Henry Moore Fellowship in Sculpture at Loughborough College of Art and Design. Commissions in 1990–1 included portraits of the art critic Peter Fuller; Lord Jack Ashley; Leon Krier, architect to the Duchy of Cornwall; and Professor Roger Scruton. In 1993 Hazzard completed a lantern for St James the Less, Pimlico. Exhibitions included MAFA and LG, both 1992; RA Summer Exhibition, 1993; Cheltenham Society of Artists and Whitechapel Open, both 1994; and RWA 2nd Open Sculpture Exhibition, 1996. Had a first solo show at The Hyde Park Gallery, 1993, with one at Exchange Square, The Broadgate Centre, 1996. Lived in London.

Tim HEAD 1946– Artist,

born in London where he continued to live, and teacher. He studied at Newcastle upon Tyne department of fine art, 1965– 9. In the summer of 1968 he was assistant to Claes Oldenburg in New York. Head was then at St Martin’s School of Art, 1969–70. After being assistant to the artist for the Robert Morris show at Tate Gallery in 1971, Head taught at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art and Slade School of Fine Art. During 1977–8 he was artist-in-residence at Clare Hall and Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge. Painting, slide projections and mirrors were used by Head for environmental pieces created for specific sites in which he questioned the nature of reality and illusion. As well as showing widely internationally he showed at such venues as Museum of Modern Art in Oxford, Rowan Gallery and Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, with a retrospective of work since 1984 at Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1992–3, and tour. Then showed solo often in Germany, with one in London at The Drawing Gallery in 2006. Arts Council holds examples.

Painter and teacher, born in Maidstone, Kent. He studied visual art at University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, and University of Lancaster. Head produced meticulous paintings of places, using a camera “to isolate and record” the image. He showed widely from 1985, in 1991 shared a three-man exhibition at Woodlands Art Gallery, with solo shows at Blains Fine Art, 1999 and 2001. Taught at University College, Scarborough. Lived in South Yorkshire. Douglas A HEALD 1943– Artist in various media who was born in York, where he eventually settled, Richard HEAD 1951– Artist in pen and ink, gouache, setting up a studio and gallery. He early developed oil and drypoint, born in London, who attended an artistic talent, with a special interest in natural Clive HEAD 1965–


landscapes using expressive brushstrokes, as in his canvas Green Sea, East Coast, included in The Caledonian Show III, The Contemporary Fine Art Gallery, Eton, 2001. Healey studied under John Cunningham at school and at the Glasgow School of Art in the early 1970s, winning the Haldane Travelling Scholarship and the Leverhulme Travelling Scholarship to America. After graduating he lived in Rio de Janeiro as an artist and freelance designer, producing a range of work for Brazilian government agencies. Returned to Glasgow in the early 1980s where he became senior lecturer at Glasgow School of Art until 1997 when he resigned to paint full-time. Exhibited widely in Britain and America, including Thompson’s Marylebone, 2003. The European Parliament, Royal Mail and Glasgow School of Art acquired his work.

history and architecture. Studied for three years at York School of Art, then spent a period in studios in north of England. Next travelled extensively in North America, Europe and North Africa, continuing to travel to fulfill commissions. Among those presented with his work were members of the royal family and Cardinal Basil Hume, Archbishop of Westminster. George HEALER 1936– Sculptor in various materials

and teacher. He went to school in Chester-le-Street, County Durham, where he settled and attended Sunderland College of Art, 1952–6, teachers including Harry Thubron and Bob Jewell. After National Service in the Army, 1956–8, Healer did a variety of jobs, being employed in the family fruit business; working as a commercial designer and church furniture designer; as a ceramics restorer at Beamish Open Air Museum; and as a commercial sculptor for Swanbridge Art Company, Sunderland. He also taught sculpture and casting design, including adult education classes and at Sunderland College of Art, 1968–74, and with Peterlee & Aycliffe Development Corporation, 1982–4. Was an associate of RBS, gaining its Diploma for Distinction in 1974. Showed at Westgate Road Galleries, Newcastle, 1960; Durham University, 1963; Royal Edinburgh Academy, 1965; RA, 1967; Royal Institute of Fine Art, 1978, and elsewhere. Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, County Durham, holds his work.

Rachel HEALEY 1957– Artist, designer and teacher,

born in California, America, daughter of the painter Sheila Healey. She did a one-year foundation course and three years in textile design, West Sussex College of Art and Design, 1974–8. In 1978 Healey was selected for Texprint and became a freelance textile designer, with a workshop in Northumberland. Exhibited regularly at the British Craft Trade Show, Harrogate; Festival Craft Tent, Edinburgh; Northern Centre of Contemporary Art, Sunderland, and elsewhere, supplying work to Liberty and Harvey Nichols. Gained a Northern Arts Craft Council Award, 1988, and was a partChristine HEALEY fl. from c.1980– Painter, printmaker time teacher to the foundation course at Newcastle and teacher active in northwest England who upon Tyne College of Art and Technology. She worked in adult education as a tutor/therapist from moved to Hampshire in 1992, starting to work in 1982 while showing extensively. She was part-time curator pastel, The Froyle Gallery there showing her work. and organiser of the Chapman Gallery, University of Salford, where she also held the post of artist-in-residence. In addition to her work in Britain she tackled international topics. Her exhibition Impressions of Brunei: A British Eye was shown at Malay Museum, Brunei, 1988, shortly after Aspects of Sri Lanka appeared at the British Council Hall, Colombo. In 1992 had a solo show at Chapman Gallery, The Ultimate Experience, and in 1994 No Pelicans in Pembrokeshire at Portico Library Gallery, Manchester.

Painter and draughtsman, notable for portraits, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, to Anglo-Scottish parents. She attended boarding school in England, then was taught painting and drawing in Buenos Aires by Violet Hurrie and Alexander Herdman. Poverty faced the family in 1930 when Sheila’s father died and for Mike HEALEY 1951– Painter, designer, muralist and five years she taught English until there was money teacher whose pictures included atmospheric to return to England. Re-met Hal Foote, and after marriage in 1935 they moved to Mexico where Sheila HEALEY 1915–


Sheila encountered the advanced painter José Clemente Orozca, who admiringly told her to “throw away your art books – just work”. She had inspirational lessons from Angelina Beloff, first wife of the artist Diego Rivera. In 1938 Foote with Sheila was sent by Shell to Guatemala City, where she met a similar spirit: the explorer, archaeologist, photographer and film-maker Giles Healey. With him moved to New York in 1941, a multi-cultural eye-opener; in 1943 they married and settled in Los Angeles; went to Mexico in 1944; then back to New York in 1946, where Sheila was encouraged by the sculptor Henry Moore. After moving in 1947 to Pacific Palisades, California, where Sheila took classes with Rico Le Brun and William Brice, in 1955 they went up the coast to Big Sur, joining an artistic community which included the writer Henry Miller. By now she had exhibited widely, including the Vincent Price Gallery, Beverley Hills, 1943; Los Angeles Museum, 1947; with a solo show at Norlyst Gallery, New York, 1948. The Healeys moved finally to Bignor, West Sussex, in 1969, where Giles died in 1980. The dramatically located house which they had built on the coast at Big Sur had burned down in 1971, with much of her work. Between 1984–90 Sheila attended the experimental drawing lessons of Ron Cavedaschi in Brighton, in 1995 classes by Emily Ball in Rackham. In 1999 there was a retrospective at Gallery 27, curated by William Jackson. Her daughter was the painter Rachel Healey, her niece the artist Frances Murray.

studying history and history of art at London University, 1976–9. After graduation he lived for a year in West Berlin. For some time Heard’s work was best known on the continent. Two of his most successful shows were at Friedman-Guinness Gallery in Germany, at Heidelberg in 1987 and Frankfurt in 1989. He also had one-man shows in 1980s in Athens, Amsterdam, Paris and Zürich. In England Heard was chosen in 1986–7 for Whitechapel Open exhibitions, in 1988 he had a show at Salama-Caro Gallery and in 1992 Connaught Brown held his exhibition Strange Fruit. Heard’s work, which had a strain of uneasiness, celebrated popular figures such as the actor Terry-Thomas, the actress Barbara Windsor and comedian Max Miller. He wanted it to be like “a slap in the face”. The later large circular canvases of Strange Fruit were brighter, more playful, with less of an uncomfortable message. Dressed like a skinhead, Heard was an advocate of his friend artist and writer David Robilliard’s work, admired the plays of Joe Orton and sought to interpret the culture of the 1950s and 1960s. Died of Aids in London. There was a memorial show at SalamaCaro in 1994.

Andrew HEARD 1958–1993 Painter and printmaker,

Nancy Hastings HEARSEY fl. c.1940–1960 Painter born

Michael HEARD 1931–1994 Artist born in Romford,

Essex, settling in East Anglia in 1964 and living finally at Wivenhoe. He studied at Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1952–4, then at RWA, 1955, followed by time in London, 1956–9, then St Ives, Cornwall, 1959–63. Group shows included Penwith Society in St Ives, Plymouth City Art Gallery, Portal and Mall Galleries, Agnew, John Moores Liverpool Exhibition at Walker Art Gallery, and Aldeburgh Festival Gallery. In 1996 he was included in Colchester Art Society Fifty Years Anniversary Exhibition at Chappel Galleries, Chappel. Solo shows included Newlyn Art Gallery in Newlyn, Mercury Gallery, Gainsborough’s House in Sudbury and several at Essex University Gallery and Wivenhoe Arts Club.

Watercolour painter and black-and-white artist who did commercial work as well as exhibiting. Born in Manchester, son of the artist Timothy Healy, William Timothy Joseph Healy – his full name – studied at Bolt Court, Fleet Street, under Geoffrey Pocock and Sylvan Boxius. Exhibited RI. Work was reproduced by magazines such as Mother and Home and Woman and Home. Lived at Southborough, Kent. Timothy HEALY 1901–

born in Hertford, Hertfordshire. He attended Chelsea School of Art, 1979–80, having in late– 1970s worked as a waiter at Blitz nightclub while


in Ontario, Canada. She studied at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art and in Paris. Showed at RA, NS and Paris Salon. Lived for a time in London.

taught in Newlyn by Stanhope Forbes, 1938, and the Slade School of Fine Art, 1939, then evacuated to Oxford. Was in Royal Air Force, and was a prisoner of war in Germany, returning to study at Slade, 1945–7. Although at first his work was representational, in the late-1940s it became abstract, his initial abstracts being shown at LG. By then he had spent a year in the south of France at Carcassonne, where he had a solo show at Musée de Carcassonne in 1948. First one-man exhibition in Britain was at Redfern Gallery, 1953. Had numerous group show appearances in Britain and abroad and regular solo exhibitions, including many at Redfern Gallery and two retrospectives, at City Art Gallery in Bristol in 1971 and at Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield, in 1972. An articulate painter who nevertheless cautioned that “artists should be wary of the written statement,” Heath in 1953 published the important monograph: Abstract Art, its Origin and Meaning. He continued to expound his beliefs as a teacher at Bath Academy of Art, 1955–76, the University of Reading, 1981, and elsewhere. Work held by many international public collections, including Arts Council, Tate Gallery, Victoria & Albert Museum and Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester. Lived in London, but died in France at Montmirail, while teaching at a summer school. In 1953 Heath married the stage designer Corinne Lloyd.

John HEARTFIELD 1891–1968 Versatile politically committed artist of the left, born Helmut Herzfeld in Berlin Schmargendorf, Germany; he adopted the name John Heartfield in 1916 because of the German political slogan “May God Punish England”, regarding it as war-mongering. His parents, both politically active, abandoned Heartfield, his brother and sisters, in 1899. In 1905, after elementary school, Heartfield began an apprenticeship in Wiesbaden; studied at the Royal Bavarian Arts and Crafts School, Munich, 1908; in 1912 worked as a commercial artist for a printing firm in Mannheim; in 1913 studied at the Arts and Crafts School in Berlin under Ernst Neumann; then during world War I spent a short period in the Army until a feigned nervous breakdown prompted his release and he was able to run a publishing company with his brother Wieland. In 1918 Heartfield, by then director of the Military Educational Film Service (later UFA), became a member of the Berlin Club Dada and joined the Communist Party with Wieland and George Grosz. The 1920s and early-1930s saw Heartfield hectically active, responsible for book-jackets, typography and layout, articles, set designs, posters and photomontages, associated with radical leftwing groups, spending some time in the Soviet Union. With the Nazi takeover in 1933 Heartfield fled to Prague, then to England in 1938, where in 1939 he became involved with the AIA and Free German League of Culture, which honoured his fiftieth birthday in 1941, the year after he was interned as an enemy alien and became severely ill. Worked as a designer for publishers such as Penguin Books, and as a freelance cartoonist. In 1950 Heartfield returned to Leipzig to continue his work, and a first comprehensive exhibition of this in the German Democratic Republic was held in 1957, when Heartfield moved to Berlin. After growing recognition – there were exhibitions around Europe in 1964–5 – he died there. In 1992 there was an exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery.

Claude HEATH 1964– Artist

Adrian HEATH 1920–1992 Painter and teacher, born

in Maymyo, Burma, he arrived in England as a small boy, studied at Bryanston School and was


in mixed media, born and lived in London. He gained a degree in philosophy from King’s College, 1983–6. Heath’s exhibitions included Young British Artists VI at Saatchi Gallery, 1996, which included work centered around a cast of his brother’s face. By the time of the exhibition this intricate pursuit had produced 198 drawings, with more of the series to come. He was a prizewinner at John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1997–8. In 1999 Heath was a NatWest Art Prize finalist, exhibiting paintings based on ink drawings made without looking at the object being represented. Blindfolded, he drew only what he could feel. Solo exhibitions included Hales Gallery, 1998, Leeds City Art Gallery, 1999; Bury St Edmunds Art Gallery, 2000, as artist-in-

residence; and a six-year retrospective at Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge, 2002, to celebrate his recent artist fellowship appointment there and at Christ’s College. The Arts Council, British Museum, Saatchi Collection, The Henry Moore Institute in Leeds and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, hold examples.

British Puppet & Model Theatre Guild.

Peregrine HEATHCOTE 1973– Figure and portrait painter who initially attended Heatherley’s School of Fine Art. He was then faced with a dilemma as to where to study next. Visiting one prominent art school on a very cold day, Heathcote suggested they turn on an old radiator in a corner, but was told that this was a sculpture of distinction. He was persuaded by his mother Lesley to look abroad to further learn the classical artist’s disciplines and opted for the Florence Academy of Fine Art, 1992– 5. Heathcote returned to London to start his career as a professional painter and by the time of his 2005 solo show Nostalgic Journeys, at the Albemarle Gallery, had completed over 100 commissions. These included Prince Jeffrey of Brunei, The Duke and Duchess of St Albans, The Earl of Bradford, The Countess of Effingham and Lord Selsdon, also “many notable captains of industry and commerce as well as celebrities in the world of film, theatre and television.” Among these were Julian Fellowes, whose screenplay for the 2001 film Gosford Park won him an Academy Award, and the singer and television presenter Cilla Black. As well as portraits, the Albemarle exhibition included scenes blending romanticism and realism. Among Heathcote’s later exhibitions were the RP, from 2002; Guildhall, 2003; and New Grafton Gallery, RBA and RA Summer Exhibition, all 2004.

Painter, illustrator and writer of books for children, born in Bedford. Studied at St John’s Wood School of Art, Heatherley’s School of Fine Art and at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art. Exhibited RA, NS and ROI. Her books included A Birthday Book for Children, Capricorn Colony and Heard by a Mouse. Lived in London. Irene HEATH 1906–

Isobel HEATH 1908–1989 Painter and poet who was

associated with St Ives, Cornwall, for some 50 years. She studied at Atelier Colarossi, Paris, and with Leonard Fuller in St Ives. During World War II she worked as an artist with the Ministry of Information. She exhibited with RSA, RCamA, ROI, RI and was a member of the St Ives Society of Artists. In 1949 she was a founder-member of the breakaway Penwith Society of Arts. Heath had a romantic obsession with the Cornish landscape and would drive onto the moors, where she would work and sleep for days at a time, painting at night with the aid of a tin miner’s hat and lamp. Expressionist abstraction was a strong feature of Heath’s pictures, featured in a show at Tadema Gallery, 1990, and she was also noted for her portraits. Her books included Passing Thoughts, Marjorie HEATHER 1904–1989 Painter of semicaricature figure groups in oil and watercolour, 1971; Love, 1973; and Reflections, 1978. born and lived in Newbury, Berkshire. She believed Lewis Edward HEATH 1911– Artist in gouache, in the importance of line drawing, constantly watercolour and pen and ink, he was born in carried a sketch-book, saying that it was “essential Hastings, Sussex, and studied art at the School of to sketch as fast as you write”, working up paintings Art there under Philip William Cole. Then attended in her studio which retained a strong outline. As a the Royal College of Art under Ernest Tristram mature student Heather attended Ruskin School of and the calligrapher Edward Johnston. Heath – Drawing, Oxford, 1945–8, under Albert who sometimes signed his work Leharca – held a Rutherston, winning prizes for figure composition series of teaching posts in England, finishing as and still life painting; then was at Byam Shaw head of the art department at Burton upon Trent School of Drawing and Painting, 1948–50. For 30 grammar school, where he lived. He published a years her work was selected regularly for RA, book on outdoor sketching, was interested in RWS, RP and other galleries in the provinces and marionette-making and was a member of the abroad. She was a founder-member in 1947 of 90

Newbury Art Group and helped set up the Bussock He became art adviser to East Sussex Education Mayne Group. A memorial show was held at Committee, was a governor of Brighton College Newbury District Museum in 1991. of Art and chairman of Lewes Theatre Club. After Dorrie died in 1941, Heathfield married the LewesThomas HEATHERWICK 1970– Heatherwick was a born artist Evelyn Fawsset and converted derelict versatile and imaginative designer who created the stables into Paddock Studios, where classes were tallest sculpture in Britain when it was unveiled in held and they showed work jointly. Among 2005: B of the Bang, at the City of Manchester Heathfield’s solo exhibitions was one at County Stadium. Like an exploding star, it was as high as Town Gallery, Lewes, in 1961, which showed him Nelson’s Column, wide as the Bank of England turning towards abstraction, Surrealism and and comprised 180 tapering steel spikes. Its collage. He was noted as a fine draughtsman. inauguration was by the athlete Linford Christie, Heathfield was a prominent member of Brighton whose statement that if you want to win Olympic and Lewes Art Clubs, Eastbourne Society of Artists gold you must leave the starting blocks “on the B and Battle Arts Group. When Evelyn died in 1980, of the bang” had inspired Heatherwick. The aged 87, she gave Paddock Studios to East Sussex designer stemmed from a creative family. His County Council under the auspices of the Charity grandmother was a designer who ran Marks & Commission, and in various guises they continued Spencer’s textile studio; his father was a musician; to be used for teaching and exhibitions. and his mother started the Bead Society of Great Britain and ran the Bead Shop in Portobello Road. Bobby HEAVEN 1922– Artist in oil, oil pastel, acrylic Heatherwick followed design courses at and stained glass, born in Rochdale, Lancashire, Manchester Polytechnic and the Royal College of correct name Elizabeth Anne Heaven. Attended Art, where his talent was spotted by Terence Bristol Polytechnic/Filton College for many years Conran. Among other notable Heatherwick from 1975, one tutor being Anthony Rossiter. creations were Bleigiessen, at the Wellcome Trust, Heaven painted landscapes and made sketches in 150,000 glass beads strung up through six storeys; Provence, Ireland and the Somerset area where she the Rolling Bridge, at Paddington Basin, that coiled lived at Clevedon, using a distinctive and colourful and uncoiled, powered by hydraulic pistons; palette. Showed with RA, RWA, Clifton and Sitooterie, at Belsay Hall, Northumberland, Clevedon Art Clubs, Bath Society of Artists, ROI described as “a new sort of summerhouse…with and Lynda Cotton Gallery at Watchet. Had a solo hairy walls”; and Blue Carpet, Newcastle upon show at Pier Gallery, Clevedon, 1991, and The Tyne, a public square carpeted with blue glass. Court Gallery, Nether Stowey, 1994. She appeared Heatherwick’s studio was at King’s Cross, London. in Chris Chapman’s Channel 4 television series Secrets of the Moor, shown in 1996. Cecil HEATHFIELD 1893–1969 Artist, commercial designer, teacher and administrator, born in Eric HEBBORN 1934–1996 Draughtsman, sculptor, Croydon, Surrey, who studied at the School of Art painter, teacher, writer and faker of Old Master there and at the London County Council Bolt Court and some modern drawings, born in London the School, under Walter Bayes. When his first wife, son of a grocer’s assistant. As a boy he was sent Dorrie, was appointed head of a school in Polegate, to Borstal but became interested in art and attended Heathfield moved to Sussex, travelling to London Chelmsford Art School, 1949–51, under Charles daily to work as a commercial artist. Early in the Archer, then Walthamstow Art School under Stuart war, when work diminished, he gave up the London Ray and Kurt Roland. While studying at Royal studio and stayed in Sussex. Settled in Lewes, Academy Schools, 1955–8, he won a number of Heathfield aimed to bring art to a wider public, scholarships and prizes, including the Silver Medal teaching in the prison, running a social club for and Hacker Portrait Prize. Spent two years in Italy teenage evacuees and holding classes in villages. having won the Rome Scholarship in Engraving 91

for 1959. He taught at Walthamstow and Reigate and Redhill School of Art. Having worked for a time as a restorer and being interested in the techniques of the Old Masters, he set up Pannini Galleries Ltd in London, eventually moving to Italy, where he settled in Anticoli. Many drawings in the styles of the Old Masters fooled the experts, exchanged hands for large sums and entered notable collections, as told in Hebborn’s entertaining book Drawn To Trouble, The Forging Of An Artist, 1991. Hebborn showed his own work, too, having a successful show of sculptures at Alwin Gallery, 1978, after a large retrospective at the British School, Rome, where he had studied. In 1994 Julian Hartnoll and Archeus Fine Art organised extensive shows. Died in Rome in mysterious circumstances, a magistrate suggesting homicide, in reality a drunken fall.

London, where he continued to live, Hecht was educated at Downside School. Exhibited in mixed shows with the Free Painters and Sculptors, ROI, NS and SGA. One-man show at the Woodstock Gallery. Hecht was a member of the Reform Club.

Peter HEDEGAARD 1929– Architect and artist whose

works included rectangular abstracts, born in Copenhagen, Denmark. He studied at Oxford University and Bartlett School of Architecture. Solo shows included Architectural Association, 1967; Curwen Gallery, 1969; Consort Gallery at Imperial College, 1974; and Peterloo Gallery in Manchester and Oxford Gallery, Oxford, both 1976. In 1981 he was included in Contemporary Artists in Camden at Burgh House, Hampstead, near where he lived. Victoria & Albert Museum; Sussex and Salford Universities; and public galleries in Belfast, Bolton, Hull and Sheffield hold Nadia HEBSON 1974– Artist who attended Harrogate examples. College of Art, 1992–3; gained an honours degree in painting at Central St Martins College of Art, Ray HEDGER 1944– Painter, printmaker, artist in 1993–6; then did a postgraduate diploma at the film and performance, and teacher, born in Royal Academy Schools, 1997–00, taking part in Wiltshire. He studied at Gloucestershire College the final year show and later that year having a of Art, in Cheltenham graduating with honours in solo exhibition at Elgin. Awards and sponsorships fine art and film in 1979, and at Central School of included a drawing residency, Stowupland High Art, having gained his National Diploma in 1964. School, Suffolk, 1997; British Institution Drawing Hedger tried to create an image embracing “that Prize and Cohn & Wolfe Painting Prize, both 1998; single moment when one sees something that no and Vincent Harris Prize, 1999. By the time of the camera is capable of capturing because it contains Elgin show Hebson had exhibited with the so many elements beyond the ‘real’ and the Contemporary Art Society, the RA, in the BP present.” He was a member of SWE, illustrated Portrait Award and elsewhere. Hebson produced two poetry anthologies and made a film based on intimate and engrossing paintings on copper with the book Crow by Ted Hughes. Was also involved a mysterious narrative quality, also large pencil in creating a dance piece with the dancer Alex drawings. A small garden shed, filled with personal Howard, music by the Czech composer Pavel belongings and left as a tiny, very private artist’s Novak. Mixed shows included Fitzwilliam studio, was included in Hebson’s degree show and Museum and Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge; Oxfam reinstalled at Elgin. Hebson’s installation tour Art for a Fairer World; Birmingham City Phantasmagoria was shown at Chapter Arts Centre, Museum & Art Gallery; and Contemporary Art Cardiff, and her theatrical installation Goria at Holdings, Cheltenham. Solo shows included The Transition, both in 2003. Cohn & Wolfe and Nude and Landscape, Cheltenham Art Gallery & Museum of Modern Art, Senigállia, Italy, hold her Museum, 1994; similar show at Halifax House, Oxford, 1995; 30 paintings in windows, Harrods, work. 1998; Two Views, Corninium Museum, Godfrey HECHT 1902–1980 Painter in oil, gouache Cirencester, 1999; and Opening Show, Brinkworth and other media of an experimental bent. Born in Business and Exhibition Centre, Malmesbury, 92

2004. From 1990, Hedger taught part-time at in 1960. Brewer Arts and ACE, both in Cirencester. Lived Christopher HEDLEY-DENT 1952– Self-taught in Fairford, Gloucestershire. painter, printmaker, designer and teacher who was Russell HEDGES 1945– Painter whose work inclined “interested in synthesising abstract and figurative towards abstraction, generally on a large scale. elements to express ideas and feelings…. Design Brought up in Buckinghamshire, Hedges as a and colour orchestration are the most essential parts young man was a musician in Cornwall, then of my language”. An example was his solo show attended Norwich School of Art, 1978–82, and at The Alchemy Gallery, 1999, in which circus Chelsea School of Art, 1982–3. He returned to pictures explored “the image of the clown and his Cornwall, living in Penzance, and showed with or her very ambiguous relationship to the audience Newlyn Society of Artists and elsewhere. His and fellow performers”. From 1986 Hedley-Dent picture Moon Anchor was included in the 1989 was head of art at Westminster Cathedral Choir Newlyn Orion Galleries exhibition A Century of School. Commissions included a compact disc cover for Hyperion. In 1997 he was artist-inArt in Cornwall 1889–1989. residence at the first Mind Sports Olympiad, held Dora HEDGES 1881–c.1955 Painter and potter, born in the Royal Festival Hall, which spawned a series in Sheffield, Yorkshire. After education at Derby of games pictures. Hedley-Dent moved to High School she studied at Chiswick School of Art Spreyton, Devon, in the mid-1990s, prompting an and the Royal College of Art. Although she was interest in on-the-spot paintings of the Dartmoor an exhibitor at SWA and RWS she was better area. He was also a poet and keen amateur jazz known as a potter, writing the book Pottery in the musician. Making and having her work accepted by the Victoria & Albert Museum. She was married to Crispin HEESOM 1950– Artist notable for landscapes the artist Richard Lunn and sometimes exhibited “not concerned with topographical detail, but with under the name Dora Lunn, notably at Walker Art light, mood, dreams and memories inspired by the places”. He was born in Oundle, Gallery, Liverpool, before World War II. Northamptonshire, and settled nearby at King’s Roger HEDLEY 1879–1972 Sculptor who should be Cliffe. Studied at Norwich School of Art, 1970, more widely known for several fine war memorials. then Byam Shaw School of Painting and Drawing, When Roger’s genre painter father Ralph died in 1971–3. Exhibitions included The Museum, 1913, his Newcastle upon Tyne carving firm was Ashton, 1979; The Annexe Gallery, Wimbledon taken over by Roger and his brother Fred. During (Group Show), 1980; Peterborough Museum & Fred’s World War I Army absence Roger kept the Art Gallery, 1984; Stamford Arts Centre, 1985; business afloat by evening work while helping to Art ’87, at Peterborough’s Lady Lodge Arts Centre make wooden-frame aircraft during the day. After (Group Show), 1987; and Green Man Exhibition, the war Hedley directed the figure-carving and Yarrow Gallery, Oundle (Group Show), 1995. masonry side of business and in Northumberland Dolby Gallery, Oundle, where Heesom showed created two fine bronze war memorials, at Alnwick, frequently, gave him a solo exhibition in 2005, unveiled 1922, and that for Swan Hunter at displaying his fluid drawing style and vibrant Wallsend, 1925. Another notable sculpture by colour. In 1982 Heesom carried out a mural Hedley is a head for the monument dominating commission in Girdlers Road, Hammersmith. Newcastle’s city centre erected in 1838 to Earl Grey, who spearheaded the 1832 Reform Bill. After David HEGARTY 1967– Artist who said that lightning toppled the original head in 1941 Hedley “experience and sensation” were the key elements carved a replacement, restoration carried out early of his work, a search for the “unanswerable”. His in 1948. Hedley relinquished the family business figurative-based, painterly output projected a 93

sensation or felt experience rather than an actual figure. Hegarty did foundation studies at Crawley College of Technology, 1984–6; graduated with honours in graphic design at Leeds Polytechnic, 1986–9; obtaining a postgraduate diploma in painting at the Royal Academy Schools, 1995–8, showing abstract work in the final year show. Mixed exhibitions included Nigel Greenwood Gallery, 1989; ROI and Winsor & Newton Young Artists Award, Mall Galleries, 1993; Making a Mark, Mall Galleries, 1996; and in 1998 Premiums at RA and Majestic/Domestic, Hammerson plc. Hegarty had solo shows at St Marylebone Crypt, 1995, and the Institute of Physics, 1997. The Victoria & Albert Museum holds his work. Lived in London.

Knapp Gallery, 1989, and had many solo exhibitions, starting with Rijksmuseum Twenthe, Enschede, 1963, later ones including Bruton Street Gallery, 1992; Powell Moya Partnership, 1993; and Chancery Gallery, Royal Netherlands Embassy, 1994. City of Enschede; Bibliothèque Nationale de Quebec; National Film Board of Canada; Quebec Government; and several corporate collections own examples.

Prolific artist, born in Toledo, Ohio, America, who was based in Connecticut. Heindel was a commercial artist in the 1960s and 1970s, working through a New York agency, before moving into fine art and exhibiting. He began to paint dance and dancers in the late 1970s, and in 1984 was invited to work with the Royal Ballet in London. His painting of Sir Frederick Ashton, its artistic director, is in the National Portrait Gallery collection. During 1984– 05, Heindel worked by invitation with many of the world’s leading dance and theatre companies, including the San Francisco Ballet, American Ballet Theatre and Les Ballets de Monte Carlo. Among British companies he depicted were the Birmingham Royal Ballet, Rambert Dance Company, London City Ballet, London Festival Ballet and Scottish Ballet, a work from the last series being held in the Glasgow Museums collection. The many noted performers he portrayed included Michael Crawford, Anthony Dowell, Elaine Paige and Tommy Steele. Lord Andrew Lloyd Webber invited Heindel to paint and sketch impressions from his musical theatre productions Cats and The Phantom of the Opera. The Noh Theatre of Japan was another Heindel subject. Heindel had numerous solo shows throughout America, Europe and Japan, those in Britain latterly including The Halcyon Gallery, 2004; Princes Square, Glasgow, 2005; and Glasgow Royal Concert Hall, 2006. Obsession Publishing, Holt, also sold his paintings and prints.

Robert HEINDEL 1938–2005

Celia HEGEDÜS 1949– Minutely accurate botanical artist working in watercolour on vellum, born in London, who studied at Hammersmith Art School, 1966, and City & Guilds, 1967. Hegedüs especially admired the work of Da Vinci, Ligozzi, van der Goes, Ehret, Kouwenhoorn, Redouté and Rory McEwen. She won Gold Medals in 1995, 1996, 1998, 2000 and 2001 from the Royal Horticultural Society. Its Lindley Library and The Shirley Sherwood Collection hold her work. She also exhibited with the Society of Botanical Artists and the RA Summer Exhibition, and had solo shows at Waterman Fine Art, 1995, and Offer Waterman, 1999 and 2001.

Bé van der HEIDE 1938– Painter, muralist, printmaker and teacher, born in the Netherlands, who studied painting at the Academy for Fine Arts in Enschede, 1956–60, also in Montreal, Canada, having emigrated in 1960. Travelled extensively in Middle East and Africa, returning to Canada in 1964, and in 1967 was commissioned to produce a large mural, in nails on board, for the Dutch pavilion at Expo ’76, Montreal. After three years in Istanbul, Turkey, in the late 1960s, returned to Montreal in 1970, moving to London in 1982. She took part in the Triangle workshop in New York in 1984 and in 1992 was guest artist of the Outer Mongolian Artist Union. Participated in numerous group show around the world, including Links of Affinity,

Michael HEINDORFF 1949– Painter, highly versatile


printmaker and teacher, Heindorff attended art college and University of Braunschweig, in Germany, 1970–4. He gained a German National

Scholarship, 1972–6, and a DAAD Scholarship for London, 1976–7, attending Royal College of Art, 1975–7. Heindorff was at home in various media and styles, although over the years he edged away from figuration to abstraction. He won an award at John Moores Exhibition in Liverpool in 1976, a few years later gaining the SchmidtRottluff Prize and the Villa Massimo Prize, in Rome. A retrospective of his work covering the decade from 1977 was held at Northern Centre for Contemporary Arts in 1987. For many years his pictures were handled by Bernard Jacobson in London and New York. Arts Council holds. Heindorff taught at Royal College of Art from 1980 and was included in its Exhibition Road show in 1988. In 2002, Heindorff, who insisted that he “paints with pencil,” at Guildhall Art Gallery showed panoramic views of the City of London and beyond done from the top of nine churches. Lived in London.

polyptych full of classical, Jewish and Christian symbolism, was unveiled in the Vicar’s Hall, Chichester Cathedral precincts. Keele University and Nuffield College at Oxford University hold her work.

Painter and draughtsman, full name Helen Burrough, who was born in Ceylon. She was married to the artist Thomas Hedley Bruce Burrough. Studied from 1937–9 in London and Stockholm and showed in mixed exhibitions including RWA, of which she was a member. Lived for many years at Frenchay, near Bristol. Helen 1917–

Helen: see Helen GRUNWALD

Painter, draughtsman, teacher, performance painter and writer/performer of poetry, short stories and children’s stories, born in Totternhoe, Bedfordshire. Aged 15, he emigrated with his family to Australia. Although he wished to attend art school, family economics dictated a teacher-training course at Melbourne College of Education, 1969–73. He graduated as an art and craft specialist. Eventually Heley returned to England, but frequent visits to Australia and the islands of Indonesia influenced his palette, from which flowed richly exuberant and imaginative images, as shown in a solo exhibition at Duncan Campbell Fine Art in 2005. He also showed work at the Eagle Gallery. In 1997 Heley was Farrago Poetry Slam Champion and between 1998–03 was resident live performance painter at the Dutch Pot, London. In Britain his appearances included the Notting Hill Carnival, London Zoo and Glastonbury Festival of the Arts. He also appeared frequently at festivals in America, venues including Los Angeles, Houston and Austin, and in schools in Victoria, Australia.

Richard HELEY 1950–

hel: see Helen GRUNWALD

Painter and teacher, born in London where she continued to work. Studied for bachelor’s degree in fine art-painting at Camberwell School of Art, 1977–81, then did postgraduate diploma at Royal Academy Schools, 1982–5. Taught widely from 1981 including Kingston Polytechnic and University of Wolverhampton. Held won the Philip Matthews Prize, 1980; a Stanley Picker Fellowship at Kingston, 1981–2; first prize in Royal Over-Seas League Annual Exhibition, 1984; and Lucy Morrison Prize at same exhibition, 1987; commendation: highly commended, Chichester Open Art Exhibition, 1999; and was elected to the LG, 2002. Mixed shows included Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1977; Boundary Gallery from 1988; RA Summer Exhibition, 1992 onwards; Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour Competition, 1998; and The Ben Uri Story, 1915– 2000, Phillips, 2001. Had many solo exhibitions, later ones including Piccadilly Gallery, 1996; Boundary Gallery, 1999; Sternberg Centre, 2001; and Paintings in Hospital, Sheridan Russell Gallery, 2002. In 2003, Held’s work Journey, a 12-panel Julie HELD 1958–

Rachel HELLER 1973– Artist


born in London who attended Kingsway College, 1991–3; Leighton Project, Elfrida Rathbone, 1993–4; Hammersmith and West London College, 1994–9; life class, Byam Shaw School of Art, 1994–8, and foundation there, 1999–00; studied figurative painting, Slade Summer School, 2000; then gained her diploma

at Byam Shaw, 2000–1. In 2001 she was for a time involved in the Prince’s Foundation. Group shows included Small is Beautiful, Part 13: Food and Drink, Flowers East, 1995, and its successors through to Part 18: Self Portrait, 2000, and RA Summer Exhibition, 2001. Had a solo exhibition at John Jones Art Centre, 1995, with a series at Gallery M from 1997.

Goldsmiths’ College School of Art. His Twosome, in bronzed steel, of 1970, was shown with The Roland Collection at Camden Arts Centre, 1976. Hellman’s Eagle, 1982, in aluminium, stands on a huge slate megalith in Caernarvon. He won a number of prizes, notably at the National Eisteddfod in Wales, where he lived in Pontrhydfendigaid, Cardigan.

Artist in acrylic on canvas and paper whose work included abstracted landscapes. He never sketched or painted these on site, believing that it “ties you down”, and they were sometimes produced years later from memory. Hellewell was born in Bradford, Yorkshire. After World War II service in Egypt, North Africa and Italy, he trained as a painter at Bradford College of Art, 1949–52, working as a graphic designer until 1976, when he began painting full-time. Worked on the edge of Ilkley Moor, which provided inspiration. Travelled widely abroad with his family, the intense light of warmer climates, such as Australia and the South Seas, contributing to his output. Showed widely, including RBA; Sloane Street, Seen, Railings and Chenil Galleries; MAFA; Wakefield City Art Gallery; Linton Gallery, Settle; Kentmere House Gallery, York; and was included in Images of the Yorkshire Landscape, organised by Sheeran Lock at Leeds Civic Hall, 1991. Solo exhibitions included Manor House, 1990, and Gascoigne Gallery, 2002, both in Ilkley, and Broughton House Gallery, Cambridge, 2005. British Rail, National Power, other corporate collections and Rochdale and Manchester City Art Galleries held examples.

Marianne HELLWIG JOHN 1930– Painter, especially

Jack HELLEWELL 1920–2000

Glenn HELLMAN 1938– Sculptor and teacher, born

in Walthamstow, north London. Studied at the local art school, 1959–61, then at Hornsey College of Art under Robert Adams, 1961–4. In 1964 Hellman came into prominence as the winner of a nationwide sculpture competition. He was Robert Adams’ assistant, 1964–6, and had several oneman shows at Leicester Galleries, Roland, Browse and Delbanco and Morley Gallery in subsequent years. Taught at Southampton School of Art, Winchester College of Art, Morley College and


in acrylic, collagist, teacher and poet, born in Breslau, Germany (now Wrocław, Poland), who moved to Scotland in 1939. She was married to the sculptor David John. Studied at Liverpool School of Art, for sculpture with Karel Vogel, 1945–50; St Martin’s School of Art, with Frederick Gore for painting, 1950–1; and at London University Institute of Education, with William Newland for pottery. Worked in administration for overseas students and the editorial section of the British Council, 1968–88, for nine years in the 1960s and 1970s teaching painting to adults at Woodley Hill House, near Reading. Hellwig John began painting abstracts in the 1960s, creating collage in the 1990s, “colour, structure and balance being important in my work…. Each time I start a picture I am looking for something, but won’t know what it is till I find it…. There is a landscape sense to much of my work.” Hepworth, Sutherland, van Gogh, Nolde, the Impressionists, Cézanne and Bonnard were quoted as early influences. She was a fellow of Free Painters and Sculptors, other group shows including RWA, 1991; National Acrylic Painters’Association (of which she was a member), Birmingham, 1995; Courtyard Gallery, Chepstow, 1996; and Museum and Art Gallery, Reading, 2000. Two-man shows included Ben Uri, 1984; Rathaus Galerie, Münster, Germany, 1992; and City Museum & Art Gallery, Gloucester, 1995. Among her later solo exhibitions were the Galerie Collis, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1995, and Guildhall Arts Centre, Gloucester, 1998. Later church painting commissions included a large Tree of Life for St Francis, Long Eaton, 1995, and The Holy Spirit, St Bartholomew, Norbury, 1996. She was a published poet as Hellwig John, her poetry and

paintings book English as a Foreign Language appearing in 2000. Hellwig-John sometimes appears hyphenated. Lived in Stroud, Gloucestershire.

Painter, born in Cleveland, where she attended Cleveland College of Art, 1983–4, De Montfort University, Leicester, 1984– 7, then Chelsea College of Art, 1991–2. Awards included Prince’s Trust Bursary and Exhibition Jeff HELLYER 1947– Artist and teacher, born Award Northern Arts, both 1992. Mixed shows Oxford, who studied part-time at Ruskin School included Fab Four at Loseby Lane Gallery, of Drawing, 1964–7, then did a foundation course Leicester, 1989, Whitechapel Open at Atlantis at Oxford Polytechnic, 1967–8; studied painting Gallery, 1994, and in that year she shared a threeat Chelsea School of Art, 1968–71, then painting man exhibition at Paton Gallery, showing huge toy and mixed media at Slade School of Fine Art, dogs blown up on a white ground. 1971–3. In 1973 won a Boise scholarship to study in France and Italy and until 1981 taught part-time Nicholas Hely HUTCHINSON 1955– Painter, at many colleges including Cheltenham, Chelsea, influenced initially by Dufy and Matisse, also Ravensbourne, Bath, Portsmouth and Reading. drawing on the English Neo-Romantic tradition. From 1981 taught at Falmouth School of Art. In He settled near Blandford, Dorset, and the 1990 Hellyer was artist-in-residence at the School countryside of that county and Wiltshire, horse of Painting, Montmirral, Tarn, France. Showed racing, interiors and still life were among his widely from 1977 on the continent, also at Annely subjects. Studied at St Martin’s School of Art and Juda Fine Art, Newlyn Orion Gallery and Penwith Bristol Polytechnic. Showed solo with Montpelier Gallery in Cornwall, where he lived in Falmouth. Studio from 1984, later exhibitions including In 1994 Hellyer was included in Falmouth Wattis Fine Art, Hong Kong, from 1992, The Connections at the town’s Art Gallery. Jerram Gallery, Salisbury, 1995, Portland Gallery, from 1997, and Frederick Gallery, Dublin, Ireland, Francis HELPS 1890–1972 Painter, draughtsman and from 2000. Government Art Collection, Barbican teacher, born in Dulwich, southeast London. At Centre and Unilever hold examples. Hely Dulwich College, 1903–7, Helps was the only boy Hutchinson was the third son of the 8th Earl of to take art lessons and had a private tutor. In 1908 Donoughmore, an old Irish family. went to Slade School of Fine Art, where taught by Henry Tonks and Fred Brown. In 1915 Helps Tim HEMINGTON 1968– Artist seeking to eliminate volunteered for service with Artists’ Rifles, serving barriers between art and reality, producing works in France. In 1924 he joined the 1922–4 Everest on the edge of painting and sculpture, as in his solo Expedition as official artist, completing 80 show at Andrew Mummery Gallery, 1999. With paintings and drawings, most now in America. the wall or floor as ground and gallery as a frame Between 1931–4 Helps taught at Royal College of the viewer entered the painting, located between Art, then volunteered to be evacuated with it to frame and image. Hemington was born in Cheshire, Ambleside, in the Lake District, 1940–4. From attending its School of Art, 1987–8, then obtained 1953 until his retirement Helps was head of the a fine art degree at Ruskin School of Drawing and school of painting in Leeds, where he settled, Fine Art, Oxford, 1988–91, attending the Cyprus returning in his last year to Bromley, Kent. Helps School of Art in Britain, 1990. After living and showed with RBA, of which he was elected a working in Berlin, Germany, 1991–5, Hemington member in 1933, and in 1924 had a show at Alpine gained his master’s degree in post-war and Club Gallery of his Himalayan work. Further contemporary art, Sotheby’s Institute, 1995–6, then shows were at City Art Gallery, Leeds, 1959; was a Henry Moore Fellow, Byam Shaw School Manor House Museum and Art Gallery, Ilkley, of Art, 1998. Later group shows included Galerie Kley, Hamm, Germany, from 1995; Deutsche 1971; and South London Art Gallery, 1979. Multiple Sklerose Gesellschaft Austellung, Galerie Alison HELYER 1965–


am See, Tiergarten, and Galerie Raphael Vostell, Berlin, 1996; and Stages, Lee Fine Arts/Wirral Museums, Eastern Village Gallery & Tramshed, Birkenhead, 1997. Deutsche Bank holds his work. Lived in London.

including Sir David Campbell, for Aberdeen University. Hemingway’s later work became less rigid, with freer handling of paint, a more courageous use of colour and the influence of Surrealism evident. An exhibition of work by Hemingway and his pupils was held at Aberdeen Andrew HEMINGWAY 1955– Painter, born and lived Art Gallery in 1994 and Bonhams & Brooks, Lots in Yorkshire, who studied at Barnsley School of Road, sold a group of Hemingways in 2000. Art, 1973–4, then Camberwell School of Art, 1974–7. With the aid of a bursary he travelled to Harold HEMINGWAY 1908–1976 Painter, Italy and Norway, 1977–8, being sent under private draughtsman and designer, born and based in sponsorship to Japan to paint landscapes. He Rochdale, Lancashire, best known for his showed at RA from 1980, the year he began depictions of the town between 1930–70. In the exhibiting in mixed shows at Piccadilly Gallery. 1950s Hemingway and L S Lowry would walk In the 1980s he appeared in Basle, Düsseldorf and around Rochdale, selecting planned-for-demolition Cologne International Art Fairs. After a solo show buildings which should be recorded using at Johnston Gallery, Edmonton, Alberta, in 1978, Hemingway’s distinctive colour and light. The son others included a series at Piccadilly Gallery from of a painter and decorator, Hemingway left school 1981 and a major show at Brian Sinfield, Burford, at 13 and worked at John Bright’s Mill, eventually 1993. In 1994, a film was made for Dutch television as a carpet designer. While working he trained at about his life and work. Hemingway was a slow, the local Art School, winning many awards for the meticulous worker, notably in egg tempera and design of fabrics, carpets and posters. Hemingway pastel, producing only about 30 pictures a year. was a member of Rochdale Art Society and the Lancashire Group of Artists and undertook several Charles HEMINGWAY 1909–1976 Artist and teacher, commissions for Rochdale Corporation. His set born in Strichen, Aberdeenshire, where the local designs for Rochdale Curtain Theatre formed the school, directed by Benjamin Skinner, set high basis of his first exhibition in 1938, and subsequent standards, Hemingway leaving with an excellent shows, as well as London and Cambridge, were academic record. After studying at Gray’s School held widely in Lancashire. Rochdale Art Gallery of Art, Aberdeen, Hemingway tried to live as a has eight of his works, which in all are reckoned painter in Paris and London, after which he taught to number over 1,000. in Inverness, then returned to teach at Gray’s. A colleague, James Cowie, and El Greco were early Gordon HEMM 1891–1956 Architectural artist, born influences. Aged 27, Hemingway joined the staff in Stockport, Cheshire, who was also an architect of Aberdeen Grammar School, students and member of RIBA. Studied architecture under remembering his eccentric, volatile and humorous Charles Reilly at Liverpool University and at style and commitment as an artist. During World Liverpool School of Art. Hemm was notable for War II Hemingway joined the Royal Engineers, his collaboration with the sculptor Charles John then the Army Education Corps, was involved in Allen on the University’s war memorial in 1927, aerial photographic reconnaissance and served in at which time he was a partner in the practice India. Returning to the Grammar School, Foden, Hemm and Williams, based in Liverpool Hemingway developed his department, inviting and Manchester. He wrote several books on Bernard Leach to lecture to the new pottery group, Merseyside architecture. Exhibited Walker Art setting up a film society and theatre as well as a Gallery, Liverpool, and RA. Lived in Manchester. film society in Aberdeen. He exhibited with the RA, RSA and the Aberdeen Artists Society and Adrian HEMMING 1945– Painter and lecturer, carried out prestigious commission portraits, producing colourful, exuberant landscapes and 98

seascapes who travelled widely, favouring locations with “a deep sense of ancient history.” Born in Leicester Hemming left school at 15, finished an engineering apprenticeship, then began to travel and develop a love of art. Encouraged by a local businessman, in 1969 he was accepted for a foundation course at Lincoln College of Art; graduated from Brighton Polytechnic, 1970–3; and gained his master’s at Goldsmiths’ College, 1980– 2. Studies at the British School at Rome in the late 1970s and early 1980s were important. Hemming based himself in London from the mid-1980s, forming Angel Studios, then Southgate Studios. In 1994 he was commissioned by British Airports Authority to create large works based on aviation, installed at Terminal One, Heathrow Airport. He was twice shortlisted for a residency at the National Gallery. Hemming showed solo with Davies & Tooth from 1997.

Alun HEMMING 1954– Sculptor and lecturer, born in Blaengarw, Glamorgan, who attended Maidstone College of Art, 1972–6, and Goldsmiths’ College, 1976–7. He was a part-time adult education lecturer. Hemming won 2nd Prize, Singleton Sculpture Competition, in 1980. In 1981, he was commissioned to make a large work for Appin Project Management in conjunction with Singleton, organised by Kent County Council Group. Mixed exhibitions included 55 Wapping Artists, 1979; Lena Garnade Memorial Exhibition, Farnham College of Art, 1980; and Wapping Artists Open Studios, 1982, when he was living in southwest London. After in 1984 moving to Plaistow with fellow-sculptor Souheil Sleiman and textile artist Hilary Sleiman, where they supported their work by designing and building furniture, in 1987 Hemming returned to south Wales, establishing a studio in the Old Library, Cardiff. In 1996, with the artist Anthony Evans, he built the set for the S4C animation film Captain Factor. Along with 30 other artists, Hemming founded the artists’ co-operative Old Library Artists Ltd and served as its first secretary. A WAC grant enabled it to enter new premises, Oriel Canfas Gallery, in 1998. Hemming was a prolific and versatile

exhibitor, later shows including a joint exhibition at Mary Ogilvie Gallery, St Anne’s College, Oxford, 2003; Living for the city, Blue Wing Gallery, London, 2004, the year he completed a book cover for Patrick McGuinness’ Carcanet Press volume The Canals of Mars; and in 2005 mixed shows at Blue Wing Gallery, Padstow, KooyWood Gallery, Cardiff, and elsewhere. Charles HEMMING: see Laurence Charles HEMMING

Artist in oil, acrylic, watercolour and pen and ink, born in Mynythislwyn, near Pontllanfraith, Monmouthshire. He studied at Goldsmiths’ College, London University, 1973–7, notable teachers including Ivor Roberts-Jones, Carl Plackman, Michael Kenny and Peter Creswell. Hemming, who sometimes signed his work Charles Hemming, sometimes L C H, was originally concerned with conceptual sculpture, poetry related to 3D objects, which developed into an interest in illusion in objects and surfaces and in writing and illustration. Andrew Wyeth, Edward Hopper, Magritte, Arthur Rackham, Aubrey Beardsley, Rex Whistler and Osbert Lancaster were special influences. Decorative work for the Travellers’ Club and Institute of Directors, the College of Arms and Sheikh of Dubai were among principal works. In 1990 Hemming was reserve decorative artist for the National Trust. From 1992 he did extensive book illustration and cartoon work for Ravette Books. His own books included Paint Finishes, 1985, and British Painters of the Coast and Sea and British Landscape Painters, 1988–9, the latter winning the Yorkshire Post Book Prize, 1989. His later books included The Complete Paint Book, 1995, and The Folding Screen, 1999. From 1997, Hemming completed murals for the Duke of Norfolk and Covent Garden. He showed at Radlett Gallery, Radlett, 1978; Francis Kyle Gallery, 1981– 2; and Portal Gallery, 1979–83. Lived in London. Laurence Charles HEMMING 1950–

Born in London, painter and draughtsman working in oil, watercolour, pastel and drawings in all media, and teacher. Studied at Central School of Art, London,

Rachel HEMMING BRAY 1947–


1965, and College of St Mathias, Bristol 1966–9. Showed in mixed exhibitions at RA and RWA, and many one-man shows, including George’s Gallery, Bristol 1981–82, Rooksmoor Gallery, Bath, 1985, Pelter/Sands, Bristol 1988, National Theatre, South Bank, London, 1991 and Bristol City Art Gallery, 1994. Worked regularly on individual and small group portraits, and in 1990s developed something of a niche in corporate commissions of people in their working environments. These latter she likened to “the manner of a war artist, with the subjects not ‘sitting’ for their portraits, and my having to cope with a great deal of movement”. Such commissions included Bristol Old Vic, Theatre Royal; BBC Natural History Dept; Bristol City Museums and Art Gallery, and musicians at the Pump Room, Bath. Also painted landscapes, interiors and works of memory and imagination. Corporations holding her work include Bristol City Museums and Art Gallery, BBC Art Collection, University of Bristol Theatre Collection and Nat West Life Collection. Lived in Bristol.

for television and films and designed for the theatre. Portraits included the actor George C Scott, singer and actress Liza Minelli and the song writers Jimmy Webb, Leslie Bricusse and Harry Nillson. Hemmings’ exhibitions included several at The Osborne Studio Gallery, one in 1999 celebrating his love of the turf and Henley Regatta, brightly coloured pictures bordering on caricature. After working many years in America, he lived in Wiltshire and Scotland. He died in Romania while shooting a film. In 2004, his 1960s-related CD David Hemmings Happens and his autobiography Blow-Up and other Exaggerations both appeared posthumously.

Michael HEMPSTEAD 1956– Artist

who graduated with honours from Camberwell School of Art, 1975–8, winning the Alfred Munnings Award in the earlier year, attending the Slade School of Fine Art, 1978–80. Mixed shows included the Chicago Art Fair, in America, 1988, and East End Open Studios, at Carpenter’s Road, 1989. Had a solo exhibition at Janus Avivson Gallery, 1988. Private David HEMMINGS 1941–2003 Actor, writer, producer collections in England, on the continent and in and film director, born in Guildford, Surrey, whose America held examples. first love was painting, “the backbone” of his other work. “Every actor attempts to create a portrait of Paul HEMPTON 1946– Painter, printmaker and the character he is playing and every director is teacher, born in Wakefield, Yorkshire. He studied working with pictures.” Hemmings achieved fame at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1964–8, in the 1966 cult film Blow-Up. His career had teachers including Andrew Forge, and at Royal begun 18 years earlier as a boy soprano with the College of Art, 1968–71, with Carel Weight, and English Opera Group. His movies included obtained his master’s degree. He taught at Camelot, 1967, Barbarella, 1967, and The Charge Wolverhampton Polytechnic, Nottingham of the Light Brigade, 1968; he directed film and University and Reading University’s department television, including Murder, She Wrote, Quantum of fine art. Arts Council holds his oil on canvas Leap and The A-Team; he latterly starred in the Marker V – Hill, Rod and Stone, of 1976–7, bought television pilot for The Vanishing Man, 1997, and from Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, and several appeared in Stephen Spielberg’s film Gladiator, provincial collections have examples, including 1992, and Fred Shepisi’s adaptation of Graham Wakefield Art Gallery. In 1980, Hempton Swift’s Booker Prize-winning novel, Last Orders, represented Great Britain at the 11th Biennale de 2001. An art teacher boarded with Hemmings’ Paris. Lived in Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire. grandmother impressed on him “the necessity of Antony HEMSLEY 1965– Painter, born in observation, draughtsmanship and the need to Manchester. He studied painting at Trent forget the rules and feel.” Hemmings exhibited for Polytechnic, Nottingham, where he settled to work over 30 years. His paintings and drawings were in Oldknows Studios. His first show in a public used in books on portraiture, he created storyboards gallery was A Long Snake Summer at Mappin Art 100

Gallery, Sheffield, 1989–90, which showed him to be an energetic, vibrant Colourist.

Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Stocksbridge, Yorkshire, full name George Philip Hemsley. He studied at Kingston School of Art and Royal Academy Schools with Henry Rushbury and Peter Greenham, gaining his certificate in 1958, the year he won a British Institution Award. Also gained Royal Academy Silver Medal, Landseer and Leverhulme Scholarships. Hemsley was a part-time adult education tutor. In his work he favoured “an imaginative, representational approach based on drawing”. Showed at RA, RBA, RP, NEAC and Redfern Gallery. City of London Guildhall, Leicestershire Education Authority, Ashford Hospital and several other public collections hold examples. Was a Ridley Art Society member who lived in Woking, Surrey. Philip HEMSLEY 1933–

Sculptor and painter who was born and lived in London. He attended St Martin’s School of Art, 1963–7. Became professor of fine art at Goldsmiths’ College. Among his many mixed show appearances were Survey ’68: Abstract Sculpture, at Camden Arts Centre, 1968; British Sculpture out of the Sixties, ICA, 1970; Carlisle Museum and Art Gallery, 1976; Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, 1988; Galeria Comicos/Luis Serpa, Lisbon, 1991, John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1999 and 2002; and in 2000 won the Charles Wollaston Award at RA Summer Exhibition “for the most-distinguished work.” Among dozens of solo shows were Nigel Greenwood Gallery, 1970; Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, 1972; Matt’s Gallery, 1983; ICA, 1986; Anthony Reynolds Gallery, from 1987; in 1991 Steendrukkerij BV, Amsterdam, and Galerie Cintrik, Antwerp; and John Hansard Gallery, Southampton, 1998. Arts Council holds several examples of his work. Gerard HEMSWORTH 1945–

Architectural Association and City and Guilds School, in both places winning medals. Obtained the Owen Jones Travelling Scholarship of RIBA, in 1896, and was engaged in excavations at the Temple of Diana, Ephesus, in Greece. Exhibited RA, UA and RBA. Lived at Crawley Down, Sussex.

Painter, designer, illustrator and teacher, daughter of civil servant Sir Horace Hamilton, she attended King Alfred’s School, Hampstead. Just before World War II she studied at Chelsea School of Art, Henry Moore, Ceri Richards and Graham Sutherland being notable teachers. She also attended Cedric Morris’ East Anglian School of Painting and Drawing. During the war she served as a guide lecturer and draughtsman for the Ministry of War. She also created painted fabrics, illustrated books and designed jackets for publishers such as Hamish Hamilton. In the late-1940s she began teaching drawing and painting, and in 1948 married the writer Philip Henderson. Showed in Hampstead galleries, WIAC, RA Summer Exhibitions and elsewhere, and there was a memorial show at 20th Century Gallery. Belinda HENDERSON 1908–1988

David HENDERSON 1944– Versatile artist, designer

and lecturer who did a pre-diploma course at Cambridge College of Art & Technology, 1962– 3; gained his Diploma in Art and Design, painting, at Bath Academy of Art, 1963–7; and his master’s in painting at Royal College of Art, 1967–70. Worked with the Hipgnosis graphic design group, 1969–71; for the animation studio Halas & Batchelor, 1972; was a visiting lecturer in the photography, film and television department, 1975–80–82–86–89; in painting at Chelsea School of Art, 1976–7; and at London College of Furniture, 1982–3. For many years Henderson was also a freelance furniture designer. His extensive group exhibitions included Young Contemporaries, RA, 1971; Umea Stadsbibliotek, Sweden, and 3rd Arthur Edward HENDERSON 1870–1956 British International Print Biennale, Bradford, both Architectural artist and draughtsman, born in 1972; RA Summer Exhibition, 1983; and Centre Aberdeen, where he attended the School of Art. d’Art Azilien, Mas d’Azil, France, 1995. There Also became an architect, studying at the was a solo show of Untitled Constructions 1985– 101

2000 at Gallery 286 in 2000. Latterly, Henderson concentrated on constructions and drawings rather than painting, printmaking and photography, with occasional furniture designing. Lived in St Leonards-on-Sea, Sussex.

Draughtsman, printmaker, painter and sculptor, she was principally a delineator of wild animals, although she also did landscapes and figure studies. Born in Eastbourne, Sussex, she was encouraged by her amateur painter mother. Studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1903–5, then widely in Paris, in 1908– 9, including periods at Académie Moderne, Atelier Colarossi, La Palette and Cercle Russe. In 1912 studied with Othon Friesz, the following year working in Italy. On the outbreak of war she returned to Guernsey, where she had spent much of her childhood, but in 1916 she enrolled at Chelsea Polytechnic to study lithography with Ernest Jackson. She began to draw at Regent’s Park Zoo and won critical acclaim in 1917 with a zoo poster for London Underground. Started her own press and became a member of Senefelder Club, WIAC, Monarro Group and other exhibiting bodies. Her first solo show was at Leicester Galleries, 1924. In 1928 married the French consul in Guernsey, Baron Henri de Coudenhove, and lived on the island until 1946, when after the privations of the occupation and her husband’s death she settled at Hadlow Down, Sussex. An exhibition reviving her memory, which also showed work by her friend Orovida Pissarro, was held at Parkin Gallery, 1985. Sally Hunter Fine Art held exhibitions at 25 Connaught Street, 1999; 40 Eaton Terrace, 2001; and 9 Clarendon Cross, 2004. Work in many public collections, including Tate Gallery, British Museum and Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Elsie HENDERSON


Ewen HENDERSON 1934–2000 Experimental, Expressionist ceramic sculptor, draughtsman, printmaker and teacher, born in Staffordshire, both parents from Scottish medical families, his father the doctor in a lunatic asylum. After failing to obtain a short-service commission, Henderson did his National Service in the Royal Air Force

Regiment in Germany, on release working for a chemical company. Based in Cardiff, Henderson visited museums and attended evening art classes; joined the Barry Summer School, meeting Harry Thubron, Terry Frost and Kenneth Martin; then studied at Goldsmiths’ College, 1964–5, and Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1965–8, tutors including Hans Coper and Lucie Rie. Henderson rebelled against symmetrical conformity and the art/craft gap; he built vessels instead of using a wheel, and eventually employed a mix of clays and paper pulp. Music was an inspiration, megaliths latterly a key theme. Henderson taught part-time and participated in numerous mixed exhibitions in Britain and abroad. Later solo shows included Hart Gallery and Galerie Besson, both 1994, and a Midlands Art Centre touring show, 1996. Barrett Marsden held a 1934– 2000 retrospective in 2001. In 1990 Henderson completed a Triparteid Bird Form for the Saatchi Building, Berkeley Square. Among several dozen public collections holding examples are British Council; National Museum of Wales, Cardiff; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; Ulster Museum in Belfast; and Victoria & Albert Museum. Henderson was based in London.

Painter, born in Glasgow, who graduated from the School of Art there, 1970–4, teachers including Drummond Bone, David Donaldson, James Robertson and Geoffrey Squire. Showed widely in Scotland, including Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts; Paisley Institute of Fine Art; Torrance Gallery, Edinburgh; Atholl Gallery, Perth; and at The Contemporary Fine Art Gallery, Eton, which included his stylish figurative canvas Pink Rose and Portrait in the exhibition The Caledonian Show III, 2001.

Gordon G HENDERSON 1951–

Painter, born in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, who studied at Kingston Polytechnic, gaining his master’s degree in fine art from Chelsea School of Art in 1979. His painterly, sweeping style was shown to good effect in the oil Theatre, Stage, Landscape, included in Landscapes from North Jeremy HENDERSON 1952–


and South, Glebe House and Gallery, Donegal, and tour, 1997–8. By then he had held solo exhibitions at the Fenderesky Gallery, Belfast, and the Ardhowen Theatre and Arts Centre, Enniskillen. His work was also shown in exhibitions in New York, America. Lived in London.

of European art, Courtauld Institute. Henderson lectured at Newcastle-under-Lyme College and Keele University, was a moderator for the Southern Examining Group and a visual arts officer for West Midlands Arts. She painted “intuitively, feeling rather than representing landscape and literary starting points. Chance, as in nature itself, is an Keith HENDERSON 1883–1982 Painter, muralist and essential ingredient”. Later exhibitions included illustrator of great individuality, educated at Inaugural Exhibition, New Gallery, Bishop’s Marlborough College. Studied art at Slade School Castle, 1997; Stoke Open, The Potteries Museum, of Fine Art, then in Paris. Initially he was Stoke-on-Trent, 1998; Stafford Open Art, Shire principally a portrait painter. After Army cavalry Hall Gallery, from 1998; and New Year Show, service in World War I Henderson travelled widely, Will’s Art Warehouse, 2002. including Africa and South America, the local plants and wildlife finding their way into his often Mary Reid HENDERSON 1862–1964 Versatile colourful work. Official War Artist attached to craftworker in various materials, painter and Royal Air Force in World War II. Among books draughtsman, printmaker and teacher, born and that Henderson illustrated are W H Hudson’s Green died in Glasgow, although her home was in Largs, Mansions, 1926, and The Purple Land, 1929, and Ayrshire. Henderson studied at Glasgow School he published several titles himself, including Palm of Art 1901–8, gaining her diploma in 1914. She Groves and Humming Birds, 1924. Exhibited RA, taught a variety of skills in Helensburgh and Fine Art Society and RWS extensively, as well as Stirling, then embroidery at Motherwell Technical ROI and RSW. Pelter/Sands, Bristol gave him a School. She joined the Glasgow Society of Lady solo show in 1980. Galleries in Glasgow, Artists in 1915 and was its treasurer, 1934–9. Manchester, Preston, Worthing and elsewhere hold Henderson exhibited at the Royal Glasgow Institute his work. Lived at Spean Bridge, Inverness-shire. of the Fine Arts, RSA and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. She completed the illuminated rolls of Kevin HENDERSON 1963– Sculptor and teacher who honour for World Wars I and II for Glasgow said his works were “organisations of images”. He Cathedral. was born in Singapore and studied at Gray’s School of Art in Aberdeen, 1981–6, also Oregon State Nigel HENDERSON 1917–1985 Artist and teacher University, America, 1982–3. From 1997 he working in a wide range of media, born in London, lectured at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, who attended Stowe School, 1931–3, then through Dundee, where he lived. His group exhibitions his mother became connected with the Bloomsbury included New Scottish Art at Third Eye Centre, Group. In 1935–6 studied biology at Chelsea Glasgow, 1989, and South Bank Centre’s tour The Polytechnic, and was active in the Group Theatre British Art Show 1990. Later solo exhibitions with Rupert Doone and Robert Medley. While included Globe Gallery, South Shields, 1997, the assisting Helmut Ruhemann the picture restorer year Henderson set up the publishing firm Water Henderson, with the encouragement of Peggy Guggenheim, developed as a Surrealist painter and Press. collagist, showing at Guggenheim Jeune. After Lisa HENDERSON 1949– Painter, art and design serving as a pilot in Coastal Command in World historian, lecturer and administrator, born in War II Henderson suffered a nervous breakdown, Cardiff, who did a foundation course at Central but recovered to study at Slade School of Fine Art School of Art & Design; graduated with honours and experimented with photograms using bomb in history of art + archaeology, University of site debris. In the early 1950s Henderson combined Nottingham; and gained her master’s in the history teaching creative photography at Central School 103

of Arts and Crafts with photojournalism for Flair, Architectural Review and Melody Maker and did posters for jazz musician Ronnie Scott. In 1952 with his friend Eduardo Paolozzi was involved in founding the Independent Group, and together they set up Hammer Prints Ltd, 1955–61. From 1957– 60 Henderson taught part-time at Colchester School of Art, in 1965–8 taking over the photography department at Norwich School of Art, with which he was long connected. In 1976 Henderson completed a mural for University of East Anglia, Norwich. Henderson had a retrospective at Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge, 1977. A major show toured from Norwich School of Art Gallery, 1982–3, one from Gainsborough’s House, Sudbury, 2001–2, and The Mayor Gallery showed photographs and collages, 2003. It also held an exhibition of Henderson’s Photographs of the East End 1949–1953 in 2004, another of Distressed & Altered Photographs 1950–1982 in 2006. Tate Gallery holds his work. Lived for many years at Landermere Quay, Essex.

Travelled extensively and died at Tisbury, Wiltshire.

Painter of conversation pieces and draughtsman, born into privileged circumstances near Frome, Somerset, which obviated the need to earn a living. He attended Eton College, was at Cambridge University for a year with another in Paris taking drawing lessons. Was also advised privately by Judith Lear and the Polish journalist and artist Rom Landau, who persuaded Henderson to attend Westminster School of Art under Mark Gertler and Eliot Hodgkin. During World War II was a captain in the Royal Marines in India, including a period as aide-de-camp to General Archibald Wavell. In 1950s had two notable shows at Redfern Gallery.

son, grew up in Cresswell, Derbyshire, at 15 taking an apprenticeship which led to his becoming a master butcher after eight years. In 1985 he moved to London, attended life classes and took a foundation course at the City Lit. In the summer of 1993 he obtained his bachelor’s degree in fine art painting at Central St Martins College, his degree show being a sell-out. Went on to become artist-in-residence at Royal Opera House. Showed at Sue Williams Gallery and elsewhere.

Painter, designer and teacher, born in Ringmer, Sussex. He studied at Brighton College of Art, 1959–63, and Slade School of Fine Art, 1963–5. Made stage designs for Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. Showed at John Moores Liverpool Exhibition from 1969, RA Summer Exhibition from 1986 and Athena Awards, 1987. Solo shows included Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, 1983, and Newcastle Polytechnic Gallery, 1984. Taught at Central St Martins School of Art from 1981. Rhythm and pattern were strong elements in Henderson’s work, as in Arts Council’s example Gjalla, of 1979, and Juggler’s Mirror, in John Moores 1989–90 show. Was included in 5x20, “five abstract painters twenty years on”, at Kegelbahn Gallery, Carl von Ossietzky University, Oldenburg, Germany, 2001. Lived in London.

William HENDERSON 1941–

Miniaturist, born in Copenhagen, Denmark, who studied at Edinburgh Sheila Scott HENDERSON 1910– Landscape and College of Art, 1964–9, teachers including Harry portrait painter in oil, Henderson was at the Yellow More Gordon. Showed at RSA, Scottish Arts Door School of Art under Frank Spenlove- Council and Stirling Gallery, in Stirling. Spenlove, which he had founded in 1896, and under Kevin HENDLEY 1961– Painter and etcher working the portrait painter Reginald G Eves. Henderson on a small scale and using rich colours. His then went on to exhibit widely and prolifically, at inspiration came “from the atmosphere of pubs, the RA, NEAC, Brook Street Art Gallery, ROI, cafés, bars, concerts and street scenes. These RSA, RP, the Paris Salon and others. Lived in provide me with bizarre and humorous characters Reigate, Surrey. which are wonderful subjects.” Hendley, a miner’s William HENDERSON


Birgitte HENDIL 1944–

Robert Leslie HENDRA 1912– Stained glass and watercolour artist, born in London. Attended Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts and Central


School of Arts and Crafts and worked in the studio of Martin Travers. Was a leading member of the British Society of Master Glass Painters. His work is to be found in Westminster Cathedral and a number of English provincial cathedrals. Lived in Harpenden, Hertfordshire.

him!” The Henry Moore Institute latterly acquired from his son Ian a Henghes archive documenting Henry’s colourful life, including his stowing away from Germany to New York, where he lived from 1924–32; his travels through France, Italy and Switzerland before settling in Britain in 1937; his many artistic friendships including the sculptor Brancusi and writers Ezra Pound, Henry Miller and Lawrence Durrell; his participation in the postWorld War II exhibitions at Battersea Park, the Festival of Britain and in 1953 The Unknown Political Prisoner exhibition; teaching alongside Frank Dobson at the Royal College of Art; and his BBC talks, poetry, plays and essays. Part of the archive is a magnificent photograph album documenting his work from the late 1920s. Retrospective at England & Co, 2006.

Herbert Hendrie 1887–1946 Stained glass artist, painter and teacher, born in Manchester, who studied at Royal College of Art and Slade School of Fine Art. He became head of the design school at Edinburgh College of Art. Welbeck, Buckfast, Ampleforth and Paisley Abbeys contain windows by him and Kippen Parish Church, Stirling, has the outstanding Cameron Window, in memory of the artist D Y Cameron’s wife; Hendrie strove for the effect of “crushed jewels and mother of pearl”. Showed at RA, RSW, RSA, NEAC and elsewhere. Lived in Edinburgh and was a member of Chelsea Richard HENMAN 1970– Artist who in Now Arts Club. Showing II, Houldsworth Fine Art, 1999, displayed work using the vertical stripe as a repetitive motif Archibald Hunter HENDRY 1890– Oil and on mirror-polished stainless steel, questioning the watercolour painter, born at North Leith, viewer’s perception of colour, scale and materials. Midlothian, Scotland. He studied art at the Royal Henman did a foundation course at Oxford Brookes High School, Edinburgh, and at the College of Art University, 1989–90; gained an honours degree at there, where his teachers included a number of Bath College of Higher Education, 1990–3; and notable Scottish painters, D M Sutherland and his master’s in visual theories, at University of East David Foggie. Exhibitions included RSW, SSA, London, 1994–5. Other group shows included RSW and the Edinburgh and Stirling Triennial. Beacon Gallery, Loughborough, 1990; Blue Was a member of the Royal Scots Club who lived Gallery, from 1996; and Oxford Art Week, at Middleton, Midlothian. Abingdon, 1997. Houldsworth gave him a solo exhibition at Legends, 1998. G de Z Finance, Heinz HENGHES: see Henry HENGHES British Land and London Business School hold Henry HENGHES 1906–1975 Sculptor and teacher, examples. born in Hamburg, Germany, as Heinz Henghes, by which name he is sometimes known. He was Joseph HENNAH 1897–1967 Painter in oil and educated in Germany and America but was a self- watercolour who was born and lived mostly in taught sculptor who became head of fine art at Newport, Monmouthshire, later in Weymouth, Winchester College of Art. Produced the sculpture Dorset. Showed at RA and RWA. Hennah had a Orpheus for the 1951 Festival of Britain; it was love of the countryside and liked making studies eventually sited at Camden School for Girls. of less obviously picturesque aspects, such as Birmingham City Art Gallery and the Museum of farmyard corners, hedges and gravel pits. He Modern Art in New York also hold his work. Lived painted a large number of gouaches of South Africa latterly in Winchester, Hampshire, and in Tursac, and was particularly attached to the Cornish fishing Dordogne, France. Remembered by a colleague villages of Polperro and St lves. “as a brusque man. He was a devil – but I liked Thomas HENNELL 1903–1945 Watercolour painter, 105

draughtsman, writer and poet. Born at Ridley, Kent, studied at Regent Street Polytechnic for several years in the early 1920s, then qualified as a teacher with Marion Richardson. Taught art for several years. Began to research his first book, Change in the Farm, in Britain, and Ireland, mainly by bicycle. Was a meticulous recorder, in words and pictures, of vanishing country crafts and ways. In 1931 became friendly with Edward Bawden, Eric Ravilious and other artists based in Great Bardfield, Essex. From 1932–5 was treated for psychiatric illness, which he wrote about in The Witnesses. During World War II Hennell was an Official War Artist in Europe and the Far East, dying in mysterious circumstances in Java. The Imperial War Museum holds a large collection of his pictures, which are in many other public galleries. Hennell was a keen student of English watercolour painting and wrote well on it. Although not a great natural draughtsman, he improved his technique to become a fine atmospheric and distinctive watercolourist. Victoria Art Gallery, Bath, held a survey show in 1995. Hilary M HENNES: see Hilary MILLER

Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in London. Married to the artist Hilary Miller. Hennes studied at the Working Men’s College, Crowndale Road, London, where he won the Lowes Dickinson Scholarship, which permitted a short period of travel to continental art centres; also St Martin’s School of Art, 1928–30, and Royal College of Art, 1930–4. After seven years’ teaching at Leicester College of Arts and Crafts, 1934–41, Hennes at the end of World War II took up a post at Oxford School of Art. Exhibited RA and RBA. Lived in Oxford. Hubert HENNES 1907–

Adrian HENRI 1932–2000 Painter, poet, performance artist, teacher and writer, born in Birkenhead, Cheshire, where he remained based. He was closely identified with the 1960s Liverpool Pop scene and sought to produce popularly understandable art, as with Kop football series from the 1970s. He studied under Lawrence Gowing and Roger de Grey at King’s College, Newcastle upon Tyne, and

Durham University, 1951–5, graduating with a fine art degree. After graduating, for several years worked as a scene painter at Rhyl fairground, at the same teaching at a local secondary school, from 1961 teaching at Manchester and from 1964 Liverpoool Colleges of Art. First exhibited in 1958 at Liverpool Academy, becoming its president, 1972–81. Showed frequently at John Moores Liverpool Exhibition from 1961 and gained second prize in 1972 with Painting One. Other series of paintings by Henri encompassed food, debris and magic places, as in Dream Palace (Homage to Ferdinand Cheval), shown at John Moores, 1989– 90. Took part in poetry readings and performed at Isle of Wight rock festival in late 1960s with his Liverpool Scene band. With Roger McGough and Brian Patten, Henri was one of the Liverpool poets, whose 1967 collection The Mersey Sound sold out the initial print run of 20,000 within a month. Among his publications was The Postman’s Palace, a book for children, 1990. Henri had retrospective at South Hill Park, Bracknell, 1986, and tour; Whitford Fine Art, 1960s work, 1997; retrospective, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, 2000; Library, Museum & Art Gallery, Rhyl, 2000–1; and Six Chapel Row Contemporary Art, Bath, 2001. Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and Arts Council hold his work. Just before his death the city of Liverpool made Henri a Freeman.

Frank Watson HENRICKSEN 1915–1955 Artist in gouache and line, born and lived at Wallsend, near Newcastle. He was mainly self-taught and exhibited with Newcastle Society of Artists, Shipley Art Gallery in Gateshead, and at Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle, which holds his work. Daphne HENRION: see Daphne Hardy herion

Designer, lecturer and writer, who became a textile designer in Paris, France, in the early 1930s, working in Paris and London, 1936–9. Henrion’s early projects included work on the Glasgow Empire Exhibition, 1939, and New York World Fair, 1940–5; design of exhibitions for the Ministries of Agriculture and Information and the Army Bureau of Current

Frederic Henri Kay HENRION 1914–1990


Affairs, 1943–5; and acting as consultant designer to the American Embassy and US Office of War Information, 1945. He was by then active in the AIA, contributing to its exhibitions and publications. Henrion was chief consultant designer to Sir William Crawford and Partners, 1946–7; art editor of Contact Publications, 1947– 8; art director of British Overseas Airways Corporation, 1949–51; and of Future Magazine, 1951. He reinforced his reputation with his work as designer of the Festival of Britain agriculture and natural history pavilions between 1950–4, from the early 1950s being an increasingly busy consultant designer for many notable companies, producing posters for the General Post Office and others. Henrion was a visiting lecturer at the Royal College of Art, 1950–60, and was associated with the London School of Printing and the Central School of Art, as well as being an outside assessor for Scottish Schools of Art. His show Designing Things and Symbols created much interest at the ICA in 1960. Henrion was a leading figure in bodies such as the Society of Industrial Art and Design, of which he was president, 1961–3, winning its Design Medal in 1976, and a faculty master of the Royal Designers of Industry, 1971–3. He also lectured extensively abroad, being visiting professor at Cooper Union, New York, from 1984, and at University of Essen, 1984–5. He designed and contributed to leading graphic, design and architectural magazines, his Design Co-ordination and Corporate Image, 1967, also published in America, being an important text. In 1982 he founded Henrion, Ludlow and Schmidt. Henrion married the sculptor Daphne Hardy Henrion in 1947, but while he continued to live in Hampstead, north London, she moved to East Anglia in the 1970s.

Painter, born in Cheshire, who went to live in Scotland aged nine, being educated in Perthshire. He attended the fine art department at University of Newcastle, 1986–90. The island of Tiree off Scotland’s west coast was a favourite subject, as shown in shared exhibition he had at William Hardie Gallery, Glasgow, in Ben HENRIQUES 1967–

1992. Mixed exhibitions included The National Portrait Gallery, BP Awards, and The Discerning Eye, Mall Galleries, 1998. There was a solo show at Jonathan Cooper in 2001, which displayed a wide range of Henriques’ meticulous interiors, still lifes and figure studies. Worked in Scotland and London.

Social worker, artist and musician, born and lived in London, daughter of James Loewe, communal worker and scholar. She studied the piano in Breslau, Germany, then in 1914 was persuaded by Basil Henriques, whom she married, to enter social work. Basil was knighted for his work in London’s East End in 1955. He and Rose were wardens of the Bernhard Baron St George’s Jewish Settlement from 1914– 48, and continued to live there even after officially retiring. Rose was known to the boys and girls as “the Missus”. In addition, she was a nurse at Liverpool Street Station in World War I; was an air-raid warden and organised an emergency feeding scheme in World War II; in 1945 went to Bergen-Belsen to tackle welfare problems after the closing of the notorious camp; was chairman of the British Ose Society for promoting physical and mental health; and in 1954 founded the Workrooms for the Elderly in east London. Henriques fostered local interest in ballet, music and drama and as an artist painted east London’s streets and docks. In 1947 the Whitechapel Art Gallery held a show Stepney in War and Peace; in 1961 Vanishing Stepney at the Gallery included several hundred paintings and drawings by her. Fifty Years in Stepney, by Rose Henriques, was published by the Settlement in 1966, based on broadcast talks. Tower Hamlets Public Libraries holds a large collection of her pictures.

Rose HENRIQUES 1889–1972

Fiore de HENRIQUEZ 1921–2004 Figurative sculptor,

and lecturer, born Maria Fiore de Henriquez in Trieste, who studied at the Academy of Art, Venice, 1939–42. After sculpting in wood and helping the Italian partisans, 1943–5, Fiore received her first major commission, a bronze monument to Don Giovanni Cuomo for Salerno, but when it was blown up on inauguration she left Italy for England.


Early commissions included one for three triplelife-size statues for the 1951 Festival of Britain. From 1954–60 Fiore was commissioned by Huntington Hartford to help create a cultural centre in Beverly Hills, California, America. She toured America and Canada, 1955–75, lecturing about working with clay. In 1961 Fiore met the sculptor Jacques Lipchitz and worked with him for several years. From 1968 she restored ruins at Peralta, Tuscany, continuing to live there with a studio in London, having become a British citizen in 1953. Worked extensively in Japan in the 1980s, where she completed portraits of the nobility and public sculptures including a bust of the Johannes Brahms for Tokyo. In the 50 years from 1948 Fiore made around 4,000 portraits, including John F Kennedy, Augustus John, Margot Fonteyn, Peter Ustinov, Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh, commissions stemming from the RA, Royal College of Art, elsewhere in Britain and abroad. A series of musicians was housed at Renishaw Hall, Derbyshire, seat of the Sitwell family. In 2004 her work was included in Modern and Contemporary Sculpture at Wolseley Fine Arts, with a memorial show later that year. She died in Peralta.

one of 11 children he had little formal education, but extensive reading and observation helped him by 15 to begin establishing a reputation as a naturalist and artist. Was appointed assistant in systematic entomology at Colombo Museum, where he worked until retirement. In 1927 the government published the first of a series of 64 paintings of birds, entitled Coloured Plates of the Birds of Ceylon, with his illustrations and text by W E Wait. Later illustrated several bird books, including Indian Hill Birds, by Salim Ali, and in 1955 Oxford University Press also published his key work, A Guide to the Birds of Ceylon, written and illustrated by him and still a standard work. Travelled widely abroad, including a visit to Australia when he was 88, continuing to sketch from life in small, lined notebooks. His work was exhibited in London, Zimbabwe and elsewhere. His sons Bruce Henry and David M Reid-Henry were also bird artists.

Artist using photography and video who in her first solo exhibition, Talent Show, at Anthony Wilkinson Gallery, 2000, explored “people and their attempts to … make their fantasies real.” She had another show there in 2003. Bruce HENRY 1918– Wildlife and landscape artist, Henry did a foundation course at Mornington born in Kandy, Ceylon, working in watercolour, Centre, 1992–3, graduating in critical fine art pastel and oil, who travelled widely. His father practice at Central St Martins College of Art & George Morrison Reid Henry and brother David Design, 1993–8. Group exhibitions included Six M Reid-Henry [sic] were also wildlife artists with British Artists, Ars Locus Gallery, Tokyo, Japan, an international reputation. Bruce Henry was 1997; Volcano Festival, The Oval House, 1998; educated in Britain and after graduating from New Contemporaries 99, Exchange Flags, London University entered the church, serving Liverpool, and South London Gallery, both 1999; with his wife in India for many years. He later and Going Down, Edinburgh City Gallery and became head of religious studies at Worthing Sixth Oldham Museum & Gallery, 1999–00. Henry was Form College for a decade, in 1980 retiring to paint a keen football supporter. In 2004 Millais Gallery full-time. Was a member of SWLA, showed widely at the Southampton Institute, Southampton, put on in England and had several solo exhibitions. His her touring show Dyed in the Wool, stemming from illustrated book Highlight the Wild – The Art of a commission for her to work with fans around the Reid Henrys was published in 1986. The England to design and knit cardigans representing collection Nature in Art, Gloucester, holds his their clubs. work. Lived in Worthing, Sussex. Olive HENRY 1902–1989 Stained glass designer and George Morrison Reid HENRY 1891–1983 Wildlife painter, born and lived in Belfast, Northern Ireland. artist, notable for his bird paintings, born in Ceylon During evening classes at Belfast School of Art on a tea estate where his father was manager. As she became interested in stained glass, took an Julie HENRY 1959–


apprenticeship with W F Clokey & Company and stayed with them. Her around 50 years in the glass studios influenced Henry’s own pictures, which have a strongly patterned quality and delicate colour harmonies. She was elected RUA, was a founder-member of Ulster Society of Women Artists, also showing with Watercolour Society of Ireland and RHA. In 1987, the year of her last RUA showing, Henry had her first solo exhibition for some 30 years at the Shambles Gallery, Hillsborough. Ulster Museum holds her work. Died at Crawfordsburn, County Down.

Figurative sculptor using a variety of materials, including fired clay pieces, and oil paint to achieve a finish. Gained an honours degree in ceramics from Bristol Polytechnic in 1987. In the late 1980s Henry made trips to America, where he worked as assistant to West Coast artists Tony Natsoulas and Lisa Reinertson and the sculptor Robert Arneson, head of ceramics at the University of California, Davis, invited Henry to join his department in 1991 as a visiting artist. Alberto Giacometti and Lucian Freud were other influences. In 1996 Henry completed three bronze figures to mark the seventieth anniversary of the Royal British Legion and won the Villiers David Foundation Prize in 1998, the year he showed in Atlantic Crossings at the Barbican Centre. There were solo shows at Davies & Tooth, 1999, and Berkeley Square Gallery, 2001. In that year Henry’s sculpture Trajan’s Shadow was placed in the Square under Westminster City Council’s Sculpture in the Parks scheme. Sean HENRY 1965–

Susan HENSEL 1944– Artist working with oil, tempera, painted wood and collage, and teacher, born in Amersham, Buckinghamshire, married to the sculptor and jeweller David Hensel. Hensel did a foundation course at Wimbledon School of Art, 1965–6, gained an honours degree in fine art at Brighton College of Art, 1966–9, with a further year at Reading University, 1969–70. She taught art in local schools and at adult education classes. Her own work showed a surreal influence and she exhibited widely in England and abroad, including Wraxall Gallery, 1981; Doktor Glas, Stockholm,

1982; Ankrum Gallery, Los Angeles, 1984; Gallery Reich, Cologne, and Milligan Gallery, Storrington, both 1991. Lived in East Grinstead, Sussex.

Painter, calligrapher and teacher, born in Stockport, Cheshire, where he lived. He studied art at Stockport College and showed with RI, Society of Church Craftsmen, Red Rose Guild and elsewhere, having a series of solo exhibitions in the north of England and north Wales. Art galleries in Stockport and Wigan hold examples. John HENSHALL 1913–

Painter of works abstracted from landscape, colour a crucial element in creating the final picture. She was born in south Wales and attended Newport College of Art and Design and Exeter University. After graduating in 1987 she was a graphic designer, then travelled around Australia in 1992. Henshall became a fulltime painter, inspired by her surroundings at Bottallack, Cornwall. She was a member of Penwith Society of Arts, also exhibiting widely elsewhere in England, Wales and in America. In 2000 she shared a six-artist show, Under Western Skies, at The Great Atlantic Map Works Gallery, St Just in Penwith. Henshall also worked for the architectural firm Ove Arup and designed greetings cards. Maggie HENSHALL 1964–

Painter and teacher, born in Wetherby, Yorkshire, who studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1961–6, teachers including Andrew Forge and Patrick Millard. Between 1969–75 she received a series of Italian, Brazilian and West German grants and scholarships. Taught at Havering Technical College. Was elected to RBA in 1978, also showing with SWA, at Young Contemporaries and Midland Group Gallery, solo exhibitions including Ikon Gallery, Birmingham. Lived in London.

Yvonne HENTHORNE 1942–

Deirdre Henty-CREER fl. from late 1930s– Painter, and creator of small ceramic flower studies, born in Sydney, Australia, in art self-taught after private education. She was accredited to the Ministry of Information, 1940–5; was at various times on the


council of UA and Chelsea Art Society and on the committee of the Armed Forces’ Art Society; and represented Great Britain in Sport in Art in the VII Olympiad at the Victoria & Albert Museum. Showed at RA, RBA, NEAC and elsewhere. Had a solo exhibition at Fine Art Society, 1941, later ones including Qantas Gallery from 1970, with a retrospective of 60 years at Bartley Drey Gallery, 1997. Medici Society, Warren of Ware, Chryson’s of California and Gruhen of Innsbruck reproduced artworks by Henty-Creer, which included portraits of HRH Prince Michael of Kent and Sir John Kerr, Governor-General of Australia. HRH The Prince of Wales holds her work, also in museums in Cape Town and Oxford. Her sister was the painter Pam Mellor. Lived in London.

Alan HEPBURN 1934– Watercolourist, “very much influenced by the Scottish watercolourists of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Arthur Melville, J W Herald and James Paterson, particularly the first-named…. Much of my work has been carried out in the Middle East, Egypt, Italy, Spain, southern France and around the coasts of Britain – all places with bright light.” Hepburn attended Edinburgh University and the College of Art, 1951–4, taught by Robin Philipson, W G Gillies and James Cumming. After Royal Air Force National Service as a pilot, 1955–7, he worked in advertising and marketing: in Shell, then Hovis as marketing manager, 1980–3, overseeing the firm’s famous television commercials. After running his own business from 1983–99, be became a full-time painter. Hepburn was a finalist in the Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour Competition, 1999, 2001, 2002 and 2003, winning second prize in 2000. His exhibitions included a series at Highgate Fine Art from 1998. In 2004 he shared one with Susan Evans at Hutson Gallery.

in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; then at Alfred University, Alfred, New York, as head of the division of art and design. Exhibitions included Primavera Gallery, 1967; Victoria & Albert Museum, 1968; Bradford City Art Gallery, 1971; and Clay Sculpture, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, 1980. In 1982 took part in the three-man Convergent Territories, The Banff Centre School of Fine Arts, Alberta. Solo shows included Covent Garden Gallery, 1969. Victoria & Albert Museum, Inner London Education Authority, Stoke-on-Trent Museum and several overseas collections hold examples. David HEPHER 1935– Painter, collagist and teacher,

born in Surrey. He studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts and Slade School of Fine Art, 1955–61. In the 1960s he participated in group shows at Young Contemporaries, LG and Piccadilly Gallery, then had first solo show at Serpentine Gallery in 1971. In 1972 showed solo with Angela Flowers Gallery, at which he was to continue exhibiting. Hepher also taught part-time in London. In the 1970s Hepher participated in Germany and France in several shows devoted to realist or Hyper-Realist painting, and became noted for his minute depictions of suburban domestic house fronts, with their bow-windows, stained glass fanlights and privet hedges. In 1974, the year he won 1st Prize, 1st International Tokyo Biennale, Hepher had retrospective exhibitions at Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, and Whitechapel Art Gallery, with one at the Museum of London, 1996, entitled Streets in the Sky, featuring graffiti-marked south London council tower blocks. Hepher lived nearby in Camberwell. Tate Gallery, Victoria & Albert Museum; Government Art Collection, Arts Council, Sheffield City Art Galleries, British Council and Boysmans Museum in Rotterdam are among public collections holding his work. Hepher was senior lecturer in painting at Chelsea School of Art, 1981–90, then became professor of fine art at University College, London, and head of painting, Slade School of Fine Art, professor emeritus in 2001.

Tony HEPBURN 1942– Sculptor and teacher using a variety of materials, born in Manchester, who studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1959–63, and London University, 1963–5. Went on to lecture at the faculty of art and design at Lanchester Polytechnic in Coventry; also being a visiting professor at Carnegie-Mellon University Ruth HEPPEL 1926– Painter and draughtsman, born 110

in London, who studied at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art, teachers including Norman Blamey and Arnold Auerbach. She showed at RA, RP, RHA and in Germany, and had several solo exhibitions. Lived at Nether Winchendon, Buckinghamshire.

Norman HEPPLE 1908–1994 Painter, born in London, where he lived, full name Robert Norman Hepple. The family came from the village of Hepple, Northumberland. He was the son of the painter Robert Hepple and the nephew of Wilson Hepple, the Northumberland animal painter. Studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art and Royal Academy Schools, under Sir Walter Russell. During World War II Hepple joined the London Fire Service and became an Official War Artist to the National Fire Service, the Imperial War Museum holding resultant work. Hepple was elected RP in 1948, being its president, 1979–83; was elected NEAC in 1950; and in 1961 was made RA. Hepple’s many portraits included HM The Queen, HRH The Duke of Edinburgh and other members of the royal family. He also painted landscapes, horses and flowers for relaxation, as shown in his show at Spink & Son, 1987. Solo exhibition at Fosse Gallery, Stow-on-the-Wold, 2001. Arthur Jackson HEPWORTH: see Arthur Jackson

Barbara HEPWORTH 1903–1975 Sculptor of formal

and abstract figures in bronze, stone and wood. Born in Wakefield, Yorkshire, Jocelyn Barbara Hepworth studied at Leeds School of Art, then from 1921 at the Royal College of Art, from 1924– 5 living in Italy as the result of a West Riding Travelling Scholarship. Married the sculptor John Skeaping in 1924, marriage dissolved 1933, and exhibited with him. In Rome had learned the technique of carving. In the early 1930s her interest in abstract sculpture developed, encouraged by several developments. She had met the painter Ben Nicholson in 1931 – marrying him shortly afterwards, marriage dissolved 1951 – and with him visited the studios of Arp, Brancusi, Braque, Picasso and Gabo. Hepworth in the 1930s became

a member of several forward-looking groups, such as the 7 & 5 Society, Unit One and AbstractionCreation. In 1939 Hepworth moved to St Ives, Cornwall, where she became an influential member of the artistic community, being a founder-member of the Penwith Society in 1949. In 1947–8 she had made her notable series of drawings of operating theatres, and in 1949 a first one-man show of drawings at Durlacher Bros, in New York, extended her growing reputation. Two works were commissioned for the Festival of Britain in 1951 and she won second prize in The Unknown Political Prisoner competition two years later. Although in the 1950s she was to design décor for productions at the Old Vic theatre and for Covent Garden opera house, she was to concentrate on consolidating her position as Britain’s premier female sculptor, being given several retrospective exhibitions, including Tate Liverpool and Art Gallery of Ontario, Canada, 1994–5, Robert Sandelson, 2001, and centenary shows at New Art Centre at East Winterslow, Yorkshire Sculpture Park at West Bretton, Wakefield Art Gallery and Tate St Ives, all 2003, and having work purchased by major international galleries. She became Dame Barbara Hepworth in 1965. Died in a fire in her studio in St Ives, where a Barbara Hepworth Museum was opened in 1976.

Dorothy HEPWORTH 1898–1978 Painter, the lifelong

friend and companion of the painter Patricia Preece, whom she met at the Slade School of Fine Art. While studying there she first showed at RA and in 1918–19 graduated with first-class honours. With Preece she set up a studio in London, then spent four years with her in Paris, where Hepworth studied at Atelier Colarossi. After returning to England in 1925 they rented cottages in the west of England, in 1927 settling in Cookham, Berkshire, where she lived with Patricia Preece until she died, even during Preece’s bizarre marriage to the painter Stanley Spencer, which she sought to discourage. Much of Patricia Preece’s output is known to be by Dorothy Hepworth, especially the later work, but how much is unclear. A studio sale at Christie’s in 1984 encompassed 500 paintings and over 1,500 drawings from


Dorothy Hepworth’s studio; these included studies of girls, still lifes and landscapes, especially of the Cookham area. A small woman of masculine dress, Dorothy Hepworth latterly led a reclusive life with Patricia Preece, who predeceased her in 1966. Hepworth left two sixteenth-century statues to the Victoria & Albert Museum in her will. Stephen HEPWORTH 1963– Non-traditional sculptor,

born and lived in London, who gained his honours degree in fine art at Brighton Polytechnic, 1984– 7, his master’s degree at Goldsmiths’ College, 1988–90. In 1991–3 he won a number of British Council Awards. Hepworth “rendered language solid, creating a short circuit between the encoding of language and desire through his adoption of the role of a translator.” Group exhibitions included Barclays Young Artist Award, Serpentine Gallery, 1991; and in 1992 Joy and Pain at Institute of Contemporary Art, Amsterdam, and Génériques: Le Visuel et L’Écrit, Hôtel des Arts, Paris. Solo exhibitions included 121 Art Gallery, Antwerp, 1991, and in 1992 Galerie Gutharc Ballin, Paris, and ArsFutura Galerie, Zürich.

where he became principal lecturer. A flirtation with abstract painting then in vogue left him dissatisfied and Herbert returned to figurative painting through etching. A British Councilfinanced trip to the Far East directed Herbert’s mind to Biblical subjects – he was a Catholic convert, long interested in Buddhism – which led to a series of small but powerful pictures in a quasiprimitive style. Solo shows included retrospectives at England & Co, 1999 and 2004. In that later exhibition Herbert’s pictorial reflections on his earlier life were included. Lived at Cliftonville, Dorking, Surrey. His daughter Madeline was an artist.

Barry HERBERT 1937– Printmaker, painter and teacher, born in York. He studied at Archbishop Holgate’s School there and at James Graham College and went on to head the fine art department at Leeds University. As well as mixed exhibitions Herbert had several dozen solo shows, including Serpentine Gallery, 1971; Galerie Brechbühl, Switzerland, from 1972; and Gilbert Parr Gallery, 1982. Editions of his prints were published in Britain and on the continent. Lived in Leeds, Simon HEPWORTH-NICHOLSON : see Simon Yorkshire.


Painter, printmaker and teacher, born in London. Left school early and briefly worked in newspapers, attending life drawing classes part-time at St Martin’s School of Art with R V Pitchforth. After Army service, on which he 40 years later made a television film, attended Wimbledon School of Art, 1947, then Royal College of Art, 1949. Began exhibiting at RA in 1951, the year when he married Jacqueline Henly, a sculpture student. A Royal College of Art Travelling Scholarship in 1952–3 enabled him to travel on the continent and an Abbey Major Scholarship in 1953–4 took him to Rome, where he encountered the Italian Realists. Worked for a time in the Kitchen Sink style and was one of Jack Beddington’s selections for the book Young Artists of Promise. Between 1955–6 lectured at Dudley School of Art, in 1956–64 at Birmingham College of Art, joining St Martin’s School of Art in 1964, Albert HERBERT 1925–

Jacqueline Anne HERBERT 1928– Sculptor, printmaker, draughtsman and illustrator, brought up in Kent, wife of the painter Albert Herbert. She studied at Beckenham School of Art, 1946, with Carel Weight, at Goldsmith’s College School of Art, 1947–9, Royal College of Art, 1949–52, with the sculptor John Skeaping, and in Spain and Italy. Showed AIA, Leicester Galleries, ICA, British School in Rome and elsewhere. Shell, the oil company, bought her work. Kathy HERBERT 1955– Artist and teacher working

in a wide range of materials who graduated from University of Ulster in fine art in 1990, having transferred from the National College of Art and Design, Dublin, where she spent three years. Herbert was artist-in-residence at St Patrick’s College, Dublin, in 1992 and worked for some years as a teacher for the adult life drawing class at Crescent Arts Centre and Royal Ulster Academy


Association, Belfast. Her sculpture was chosen for a number of significant events, including The Boglands Symposium, County Wicklow, 1990, and The Snow Sculpture Symposium, Luleå, Sweden, 1992. She was a prizewinner at the Íontas Small Works Competition, Sligo, 1991. Also took part in The Oireachtas Exhibition, RHA Gallery, Dublin, 1993, and in 1994 Beyond the Partitions, put on by Queen Street Studios, Belfast, with which she was associated. Later group exhibitions included The National Self-Portrait Exhibition, Limerick University, 1998; Out in the Fields, Waterfront Gallery, Rosses Point, 2004, which also gave her a solo show; and Summer Show, Ballinglen Arts Foundation, Ballycastle, 2005. The National Self-Portrait Collection, Arts Council of Northern Ireland, McMullen Museum of Art at Boston College in America and other public and corporate collections hold examples.

Madeline HERBERT 1957– Artist, designer and teacher, daughter of the artist Albert Herbert. She studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts and Goldsmiths’ College School of Art. Designed for stage, puppet theatre and films and taught costume drawing. Was included in England & Co’s Art in Boxes, 1991.

Sculptor, painter, draughtsman and teacher, born Newcastle upon Tyne. After attending the Royal Grammar School there he was at University of Reading, 1976–80, gaining a fine arts degree. From 1980 Herdman appeared regularly in group shows, including New Contemporaries at ICA, 1980; Serpentine Gallery Summer Show, 1982; Cheltenham Sculpture Biennale, 1985; Sue Williams Gallery, 1988; staff exhibition at Croydon College, 1990; and Sculpture at Canterbury, 1991. Solo exhibitions included Air Gallery, 1984, and Jablonski Gallery, 1986. Hunterian Gallery, Glasgow, and University of Reading hold his work. Ian



held solo shows in Britain, France and Iceland, including Angel Row Gallery, Nottingham, and Frith Street Gallery. Group exhibitions in Britain and France included Camden Arts Centre, the John Hansard Gallery in Southampton and An exemplary life, at Bury St Edmunds Art Gallery, 2000.

Gordon HERICKX 1900–1953 Sculptor and teacher,

born in Birmingham, where he died. Herickx won a scholarship to Birmingham College of Art in 1914, to which he returned after World War I, winning the Rylands Scholarship. His teaching included Walsall School of Art, but his career was mainly based in Birmingham, working in stone and bronze. Herickx had a special interest in fine lettering, but his main achievement was a small body of effigies of corn, cyclamen and chestnut bud which can be sensual, with the subtle simplifications of Brancusi. Among Herickx’s better-known commissions were the interior decoration of the Cunard Steamship Company’s offices and work at Cecil Sharp House, in London. The Barber Institute in Birmingham and the city’s Museum and Art Gallery hold his work, as do a number of other provincial collections. There was a memorial show in Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery in 1953, shortly after an exhibition at Kensington Art Gallery. Herickx was a friend of the poet Louis MacNeice, appearing in his autobiographical narrative poem Autumn Sequel as Wimbush, and in Jon Stallworthy’s biography of MacNeice.

Painter, sculptor and teacher, born in Liverpool, where he studied sculpture with Charles Gardiner at the School of Art, after National Service attending Slade School of Fine Art in 1955 under Reg Butler. After teaching in Liverpool, Heritage studied at British School, Rome, 1961, where he concentrated on drawing and painting. Returned to Liverpool, Heritage taught and became secretary of the Liverpool Katrine HERIAN 1964– Artist, born in Harlow, Essex, Academy. From 1972–9 he was head of Wallasey trained at Chelsea School of Art, who made School of Art and then vice-principal of Wirral photographic works and pencil drawings “that College of Art, then from 1980–92 was dean of record the space occupied by an object.” Herian Clwyd College of Art, Wrexham. Heritage retained John HERITAGE 1931–1994


his connection with the northwest, maintaining a home in Wallasey, Cheshire. Much of Heritage’s work had a satirical and social comment side. He had a photographic memory and would on occasion work intensively at night for long stretches. Heritage took part in mixed and solo shows in London, America and South Africa. What proved to be a memorial exhibition toured from Theatre Clwyd Gallery, 1994–5. Liverpool’s Walker Art Gallery holds examples.

School of Art, 1937–9, teachers including Leonard Rosoman, then Slade School of Fine Art, 1939– 41, under Allan Gwynne-Jones. Heriz-Smith taught in schools, 1941–64, including Gordonstoun; from 1964–78 he ran an independent adult residential school in Suffolk; from 1978–88 running a similar but non-residential school at Exeter. Heriz-Smith was a member of Suffolk Craft Society, Devon Guild and a fellow of the Society of DesignerCraftsmen. The composer Benjamin Britten and the singer Peter Pears owned his work. Lived in Bridget HERIZ 1949– Sculptor and teacher, born a Exeter, Devon. British citizen in Hamburg, West Germany, daughter of the glass engraver Patrick Heriz-Smith Stella HERKLOTS 1938– Sculptor, born in Hong and the painter Audrey Pilkington. She studied at Kong, her father a scientist and botanical artist. Goldsmiths’ College, 1973, with Carl Plackman, She was interned during World War II in the and at Ravensbourne College of Art & Design, Philippines, then travelled extensively throughout 1974–7, with Eric Peskett and Brian Fielding. From the world. After gaining an economics degree, 1978–86 Heriz taught at the Clock House Art 1957–60, began sculpting in 1967, in London Centre, Suffolk, from then on working full-time studying briefly with the Czech sculptor Irena as a self-employed sculptor. Of her work Heriz Sedlecká. She worked for some years in interior said that it was “based on human experience, and design and landscape garden design, then gained therefore strongly uses the human figure, but a fine arts degree in sculpture at Leicester entwined with images of biological and geological Polytechnic from 1986–9. Herklots worked mainly metamorphoses, the theme being one of growth”. to private commission, notably portrait busts. Heriz cited life drawing as the foundation of her Exhibitions included a relief at the headquarters sculpture. Over the years, Cubism, particularly of the Committee of Directors of Polytechnics, Braque, the Russian Constructivists, and the putti 1989, and 1st RWA Open Sculpture Exhibition, of Donatello were influences. Mixed exhibitions 1993. Lived in Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire. included Sculpture in Anglia, Corn Exchange, Ipswich, from 1979; prizewinner, SGA, 1985; 20th Krystyna HERLING-GRUDZIŃSKA 1915– Century British Artists, Oriel Gallery, Cambridge, 1952 Artist, designer and artist’s model, sometimes 1991; Roots 66, Halesworth Gallery retrospective, listed as Krystyna Domańska-Herling. She 2000; and Ipswich Docks, D’Arcy Gallery, was born Stojanowska in Jekaterynosław, Ipswich, 2001. In 2002 she had an important solo Russia. Following World War I and the Bolshevik show, 3 dimensions, at Christchurch Mansion, revolution she returned with her parents to Poland. Ipswich, which holds her work, as does New Hall, After attending high school in Warsaw, Krystyna Cambridge. There was another exhibition, at graduated in psychology from Warsaw University, Chappel Galleries, Chappel, 2003. Bromley Parish during her studies showing an interest in painting. Church commissioned Heriz, who lived Great When World War II began, with her first husband Witold Domański she escaped through Yarmouth, Norfolk. Hungary and Yugoslavia to the Middle East, where Patrick Ambrose Lewis HERIZ-SMITH 1920– Glass she worked in the canteen of the Polish Young engraver, artist in pastel and teacher, husband of Men’s Christian Association. She began painting the artist Audrey Pilkington and father of the in her spare time, exhibiting in Baghdad, Iraq. After sculptor Bridget Heriz. He was born in World War II she lived in Rome where she painted Bournemouth, Hampshire, attending Reimann prolifically and was a member of the Pro Arte circle 114

of Polish artists established by Józef Jarema. Krystyna remained in Rome with her second husband Gustaw Herling-Grudziński until 1947. Gustav was a notable writer and man of letters who collaborated with the Paris-based monthly Kultura. After moving to London she was forced by economic circumstances to work as a textile designer and artist’s model but continued to paint, participating in several mixed exhibitions. Finally, she obtained a scholarship to study applied graphic art at St Martin’s School of Art, although early death prevented Herling-Grudzińska from realising her full potential. She was included in Contemporary Art by Polish Artists Abroad, POSK Gallery, 1985.

series of exhibitions at Roland, Browse and Delbanco, and began to show internationally. Contributed pictures to Festival of Britain in 1951, and in 1956 had first of several retrospectives at Whitechapel Art Gallery, others including Swansea and Glasgow public galleries in 1963 and 1975 respectively, Boundary Gallery, 1998, Albany Gallery, Cardiff, 2000, and New Grafton Gallery, 2001. Cyril Gerber Fine Art, Glasgow, showed paintings and drawings of fishermen, miners and peasants from Scotland, Wales and Mexico in 2003, Flowers East holding a paintings retrospective in 2004. Although he lived in London from 1953, Herman travelled widely. In addition to the mining series he also drew land workers and peasants. In 1975 published his autobiography, Related Andrew HERMAN 1961– Artist who employed Twilights. Work in many public galleries, including miscellaneous media such as wood, synthetic Tate. Was made RA in 1990. rubber, canvas and copper tacks. He was born and continued to work in London. Studied at Bath Gertrude HERMES 1901–1983 Sculptor, wood Academy of Art, 1980–3, then Goldsmiths’ College engraver, lino-cutter, illustrator and designer of School of Art, 1988–90. Gained a British Council great versatility. Born at Bromley, Kent, Gerts, as Award 1991–2. He created a series of paintings, she was known to her friends, first wanted to be a such as his entry for East & South, Norwich farmer and worked for a year on the land in Essex. Gallery/Kent Institute of Art and Design, 1992, in Then she had a year at Beckenham School of Art which a work was dismantled and reconstructed. and a year in Germany to learn the language, The idea was that “a painting can be conceptually followed by four years at Leon Underwood’s divided into parts, and that each constituent part School of Painting and Sculpture at Hammersmith, plays an independent role.” 1922–6. In 1926 married the artist Blair HughesStanton, divorced 1933. Was influenced by the Josef HERMAN 1911–2000 Painter, draughtsman and work of Henri Gaudier-Brzeska and Brancusi and writer, born in Warsaw, Poland, son of a Jewish tribal sculpture in the 1920s and ’30s. First cobbler. In 1929–31 studied at School of Art and commission for a portrait bust was of the writer A Decoration, Warsaw, then worked as a graphic P Herbert, in 1931, and she became noted for her artist and designer in the Polish capital, beginning busts of writers, such as Kathleen Raine (Tate to exhibit his pictures, which had Expressionist Gallery) and David Gascoyne, and heads of tendencies. In 1938 left Poland for Brussels, where children. Worked for the Cresset Press, Gregynog he was influenced by Permeke. Moved to Britain Press and Golden Cockerel Press. During World in 1940; lived in Glasgow for a time where he met War II went with her children to Canada and Jankel Adler and began to paint nostalgic pictures America, where precision drawing in shipyards of childhood; then moved to London where he had and factories in black and white led to her turning a show at Lefevre Galleries. A period of great to colour on return to England in 1945. She had importance began when Herman settled for about taught at St Martin’s before the war, and after it a decade from the mid-1940s in the Welsh mining taught at that school as well as Camberwell, the village of Ystradgynlais and began his series of Central School and Royal Academy Schools. sombre-hued paintings and ink drawings of miners Elected RA in 1971. In 1981 the Academy gave and their environment. In 1946 had first of a long 115

her an eightieth birthday show. Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, held The wood-engravings of Gertrude Hermes and Blair Hughes-Stanton in 1995, Redfern Gallery holding a Hermes print retrospective in 2003. Hermes’ work has warmth, elegance and vitality, tinged with a functional spareness. Lived in London. Martin HERON 1965– Sculptor, born in Cookstown,

Tyrone, Northern Ireland, who completed foundation studies at John Moores University, Liverpool, 1985–6, then an honours degree in fine art there, 1986–9. Heron was involved in a number of public sculptures with wildlife themes, sometimes overseeing group efforts, such as The Aviary Tower, in Bouskell Park, Blaby, and the Kingfisher, at Mount Grace Road, Loughborough, both 1999. The 1998 carved wood Totem, at Blackmoor Special School, Blackburn, is also by him. Heron’s exhibitions included Groundwork Trust, Blackburn, 1995; the Tyrone Guthrie Centre, Newliss, County Monaghan, Ireland (which holds his 1996 mixed-media Triangle/Circle/Square), 1996; and Lawrence Batley Theatre, Huddersfield, 1998. He lived for a time in Derbyshire. Patrick HERON 1920–1999 Painter, designer, writer

Tachiste, Abstract Painting in England Today – at Redfern Gallery in 1957 was a landmark. His softedged lozenges of vibrant colour became unmistakeable, and were shown in a number of solo exhibitions at Bertha Schaefer Gallery, New York, from 1960 and elsewhere widely abroad. Camden Arts Centre showed big new abstracts in 1994. Susanna Heron was his daughter. Tate Gallery, which with other major public collections holds his work, gave Heron an important exhibition in 1998. Waddington Galleries showed 1945–55 paintings in 2000, 1956–69 in 2002, and 1970–84 in 2004.

Susanna HERON 1949– Artist in a variety of media

and writer, born in Cornwall, where she grew up. She was the daughter of the painter and writer Patrick Heron. Attended Falmouth School of Art, 1967–8, then Central School of Art & Design, 1969–71. In 1978–9 she was in America under a United Kingdom/United States Bicentennial Arts Fellowship. She also won a British Council/National Endowment for the Arts. In 1989 Heron gained a Thornton Bequest for Bronze Casting from the Arts Council and won a sculpture prize in the Tree of Life Exhibition, South Bank Centre, and tour. Her solo exhibitions dated from 1985 at Whitechapel Art Gallery, later ones including Newlyn Art Gallery and tour, 1992. Camden Arts Centre, where she had shown in 1989, had an exhibition in connection with her book Shima: Island and Garden, based on the family home Eagles Nest, in Cornwall, published 1992, and Elements, at Mead Gallery, Warwick Arts Centre, Coventry, 2003. Cibachrome prints and slate carvings were features of Heron’s work. This was held by Victoria & Albert Museum, National Museum of Wales in Cardiff, Contemporary Art Society and overseas. In 2003, working with the architects Bennetts Associates, Heron created London’s first “art street”, behind Tate Britain, transforming a grubby short-cut with such features as engraved-slate and silvered-glass walls, a café and tranquil area. Lived in London.

and teacher, born in Leeds, son of T M Heron the founder of Cresta Silks; as a child Heron lived for some time in Cornwall, where he eventually settled at Zennor, St Ives. Studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1937–9. As a conscientious objector during World War II he worked on the land, also having a short time at Leach Pottery, St Ives. In London in 1945 he resumed painting and had first solo show at Redfern Gallery, 1947. Wrote on art for New English Weekly, also for New Statesman and Nation and for Arts, the New York-based publication, his views gaining a wide readership. Painted frequently in Cornwall during visits, buying his permanent home, Eagles Nest, in 1955. Taught at Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1953– 6. In mid-1950s Heron began to paint abstract works, and he was Britain’s strongest link with the New York Abstract Expressionists, discussing the first exhibition of their works in Europe in 1956. George HERRAGHTY 1949– Painter, often of The group show that he advised on – Metavisual, miniatures, draughtsman and artist in collage, born 116

in Letterfourie, Banffshire. He studied at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, 1967–71, where his teachers included Alberto Morrocco and David McClure. He went on to do post-diploma work and in 1972 a Major Travelling Scholarship took Herraghty extensively around Europe. Showed RSA, SSA, elsewhere in Scotland, and in Germany. Lived in Dundee, Angus.

Artist, lecturer and designer, born in Southport, Lancashire, as Albert Edward George Herring. He did a foundation course at Harris College, Preston, 1962–3; fine art degree, Manchester College of Art, 1963–6; and postgraduate studies in print at Central School of Art, 1966–7. Herring was a consultant designer with W G Mitchell Design Group. His teaching posts, as visiting or senior lecturer, were at Manchester College of Art & Design, Kent Institute of Art & Design, Slade School of Fine Art, Goldsmiths’ College, North East London Polytechnic and East Ham College of Technology (later Newham Community College). He was cofounder with his wife Sally Gosheron of Atelier de la Rose, Montcabrier, France, from 1991 a centre for creative short courses. Herring was a full member of the International Society for Education through Art (InSea). In his work Herring was influenced by the artwork of Duchamp, Ernst and Klee and the writings of Wittgenstein, RobbeGrillet and James Joyce. His best-known output of the 1960s and 1970s used photography and documentation to record environmental statements made by him in primarily unpopulated areas. This pioneering work questioned cultural responsibilities using the iconography of the most subtle forms of intervention. Group exhibitions included Northern Young Contemporaries, Manchester, 1966; Environments Reversal, New Space and Survey’69, all at Camden Arts Centre, 1969; Survey of the British Avant-Garde, London and Berlin, 1972; Le Witt, Huebler, Herring, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, 1973; Auction for the Miners, County Hall, 1984; and Les Gens d’Ici, Fotofolie, Puy l’Evêque, 1992. Herring’s solo exhibitions were Sequel, Central Library, Ed HERRING 1945–2003

Swiss Cottage, 1970; Ed Herring – ACTS, Nigel Greenwood Gallery, 1973; and Quercy en Détail, Jean Touzot bookshop, Paris, 1993. In addition to many private collections globally, public collections holding Herring’s work include the Victoria & Albert Museum; Tate Gallery (collaboration with Keith Arnatt in the Self Burial project); Museum of Modern Art, New York; Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris; and Belgrade University.

Painter, mural artist, printmaker and teacher, born in Berlin, where he was trained in the old master tradition at the Koniglichen Kunstakademie. After graduating he won the Rome Prize and spent 1910–12 in Italy. Returning to Berlin he established a fine career as a portrait painter, broken by a period during World War I as a war artist. As life became hard for Jews in Nazi Germany, Hersch with his wife left for England in 1939 where, after a period of internment in the Liverpool area, he began to reshape his career. Showed at RA, PS, RP, Whitechapel Art Gallery and elsewhere and completed a large mural Triptych in Blue for Wandsworth Town Hall. His final work, which took five years, is a huge mural of twelve paintings: A Requiem to Comfort the Bereaved. His work is in several public collections in Germany and was commemorated with a show at John Denham Gallery in 1990. Lived in London. Eugen HERSCH 1887–1967

Samuel Irvine HERTFORD fl. c.1890–1960 Landscape

painter, born in Liverpool but educated in America, including time in Detroit, Michigan, and Jersey City, New Jersey. Studied at Liverpool School of Art. He was a member of the Liverpool Academy and was in the mid-1920s president of the Liver Sketching Club. Exhibited RA, RCamA, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, widely in the north of England and in America. The critic George Whitfield described Hertford’s Sound of Iona, in a 1930s Liverpool Academy show, as being a “masterpiece

of its kind”, in the manner of the Scottish Colourists. Stretford Art Gallery, Manchester, bought Hertford’s work. Lived in Wallasey, Cheshire. Ivie HERTSLET 1883–1977 Painter, draughtsman and


writer, born in Fawkham, Kent, into a family of Swiss ancestry with a long tradition of service to Court of St James. By 1895 showed artistic talent and was sent to Westminster and then Lambeth Schools of Art, being taught at Lambeth by Philip Connard. In 1906–7 she showed four pictures at Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, but then turned her attention to writing stories and poems in magazines and newspapers, including Home Notes, The Idler, T P’s Weekly, The Times, Country Life and Little Folks. In 1917 married John Craik-Henderson, a lawyer and politician, eventually becoming Lady Craik-Henderson. Visits to France in the 1940s revived her interest in art and she became prolific, especially landscapes of France, Scotland and Sussex, where she settled at Brewhurst. Showed latterly at RA and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. She was painted by Glyn Philpot, Eric Kennington and Archibald McGlashan, these portraits being included in a retrospective of her work at Alpine Gallery, 1979. Artist who used a mix of coloured gloss paints sprayed with a mastic gun into bubblewrap in horizontal and vertical bands to create Untitled, in the 1997–8 John Moores Liverpool Exhibition. Hervey was born in Swindon, Wiltshire, and settled in London. After studying at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1989– 93, he attended Chelsea College of Art, 1993–4. In 1996 he showed at Bund and Lotta Hammer Galleries, in 1998 having a first solo exhibition at Deutsch-Britische Freundschaft. Pascal HERVEY 1969–

Painter who studied at Sir John Cass College under Vivian Pitchforth and St Martin’s School of Art under Jehan Daly. She showed at the RA Summer Exhibition, RP, Chelsea Physic Garden and Alpine Club. In 1997, had a solo exhibition with Piers Feetham Gallery. Sir Brinsley Ford owned her work. Caroline HERVEY-BATHURST 1936–

was a visiting lecturer at Winchester School of Art and Central St Martin’s College of Art & Design. Showed at Whitworth Young Contemporaries at Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester, 1985; Riverside Open at Riverside Studios, 1986; South Bank Picture Show, Royal Festival Hall, from 1989; BP Portrait Award at National Portrait Gallery, 1993; and Royal Over-Seas League Open, 1995. Had a solo exhibition at Bloomsbury Theatre, 1988, later ones including Atlantis, 1994. Publications including Herxheimer’s work included Wonder Tales, edited by Marina Warner, 1994, and Pomme Clayton’s retelling of Tales of Amazing Maidens, 1995. London Lighthouse holds Herxheimer’s work.

Commercial artist, illustrator, painter and bibliophile, born in Naetirisch Ostrak, Austria (later Czechoslovakia), into a middle-class but uncultured family. His small stature made him a bookworm, and through a strong character and intelligence he developed knowledge of book collecting and talents for painting and drawing while studying law. When Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia Herz fled without his family to Poland, then England, arriving in 1939. Became a freelance commercial artist, a job he always disliked, although he went on to illustrate many books on Jewish subjects and books for children. From 1947 he joined his lifelong friend V V Rosenfeld in a commercial art business. The work eliminated time for his own painting. In 1945 Herz tried to commit suicide through a drugs overdose, having heard his mother had been murdered by the Nazis. He was resuscitated, but the experience clouded the rest of his life. Became an obsessive and knowledgeable book collector who specialised in sixteenth-century volumes, old and first editions of the Greek and Roman classics, English literature of the eighteenth century and art. Died of heart failure. Through Rosenfeld his library was donated to The Jewish National & University Library, Jerusalem. Ben Uri Art Society holds work by Herz, who designed the Holocaust memorial for Leicester Synagogue. Walter HERZ 1909–1965

Painter and lecturer, born in London, who studied at Camberwell School of Arts & Crafts, Chelsea School of Art and École des Beaux-Arts in Montpellier, France. Herxheimer Raya HERZIG fl. from early 1970s– Painter, born at

Sophie HERXHEIMER 1963–


Kartuzy, near Gda´nsk, Poland. As a small child of a cultured family she had to endure the terror of the ghetto and the concentration camp, only her sister surviving, experiences which left a mark on her work. For years she carried her ideas inside her until one day she started to paint, after which she worked in a number of styles, including Surrealism and fantasy. One series included nudes with faces replaced by motionless masks; then there were the Transformer and Monuments series. After World War II Herzig lived in Sweden, Switzerland and Italy, taking up Swiss citizenship and working as a professional painter from 1971. She became a member of the Union of Swiss Painters, Sculptors and Architects (GSMBA) in 1973. In 1990 she moved to Britain and eventually to Dartmouth, Devon. From 1971 she showed with the annual exhibition of Basle artists, Kunsthalle Basle, elsewhere in Switzerland and abroad in mixed shows, including Swiss Painters in Britain at October Gallery, 1991. Showed in solo exhibitions from 1972, at Galerie Niggli, St Gallen and Galerie Mascotte, Basle; at Stara Kordegarda, Warsaw, 1980; and in 1992 at Polish Cultural Institute.

some of which she worked up into finished watercolours and oils. Little of Heseltine’s work was sold in her lifetime. She lived latterly in London, although her funeral was at Stourbridge Crematorium in Worcestershire.

Painter, illustrator and teacher, husband of the artist Pam Masco, noted for his English and continental scenes, figure studies and portraits. London-born Heseltine studied at South-East Essex College of Art, obtaining a teaching diploma and scholarship to the Royal College of Art, 1942. In 1941 he gained the Farquharson Memorial Prize. After Royal Naval service for four years he worked as art editor for Norman Kark Publications, then in 1949 began a freelance career as an illustrator. In 1969 Heseltine was commissioned by International Publishing Corporation to paint the investiture of the Prince of Wales. He lectured at Wellington College and adjudicated for South-East Essex College of Art through the 1970s. RP, Bourne Gallery in Reigate and David Messum Gallery showed Heseltine’s pictures, which included large, textured, quasi-abstract works. He produced a number of marine subjects among which are two Barbara HESELTINE 1906–1996 Theatre designer, paintings of H M S Hermes in the South Atlantic, costume specialist and painter, known as Billy which hang in the officers’ mess at Yeovilton and Heseltine and married to Chartres Molony. After in the Dartmouth Naval Museum. Lived in school she studied at Central School of Arts and Petworth, Sussex. Crafts and trained as a teacher, but, not wanting to teach indefinitely beyond a short time at the Richard HESELTINE 1914– Artist, fruit farmer and Central, she went to the Old Vic to learn theatre soldier, born in Wimbledon, Surrey, whose aunt work. After several years there, in the second half was the children’s portraitist Phyllis Heseltine, of the 1930s Heseltine freelanced, clients including other family members including John Postle the Shakespeare Theatre at Stratford, Sadler’s Wells Heseltine the printmaker and Philip Heseltine and Regent’s Park Open Air Theatre. The war years (Peter Warlock), the composer. Richard Heseltine were spent at Birmingham Repertory, after which studied art part-time with Otway McCannell at Heseltine returned to Sadler’s Wells for a few years, Farnham School of Art in the early 1930s and then retired. The war had proved a strain, so she although he regarded himself “as a self-taught began painting again for her own pleasure. Her amateur, with no qualifications in art, I have taught work included individualistic landscapes it at a boys’ prep school, Old Buckenham Hall, at completed during a number of holidays in Ireland, Brettenham, and an adult class at Little Cornard,” and portraits. Heseltine also took up the circus as both in Suffolk. Heseltine was a fruit farmer in a subject, having a backstage pass to Bertram Mills Kent when joining the 3rd Hussars in World War at Olympia where she made numerous sketches, II, serving as a skilful, dashing and unorthodox tank commander in the Western Desert, rising to John HESELTINE fl. from 1940s–


the rank of major and winning the Military Cross. His extensively illustrated memoirs were published in 2001 as Pippin’s Progress. Heseltine was a member of Colchester Art Society and Gainsborough’s House, Sudbury, Print Workshop. Exhibitions included a solo show of sculpture at Letchworth Museum and Art Gallery, 1963; also The Minories, Colchester, 1976; and Quay Theatre, Sudbury, 1991. Colchester Art Society and the 3rd Hussars (now Queen’s Own Hussars) Museum, Warwick, hold his work and there are stone carvings in churches at Little Cornard and Assington, Suffolk, where he lived. Landscape painter, born in Leeds. She studied at Leeds School of Art and from 1905 with the Yorkshire painter Mark Senior, whose friend and assistant she became, accompanying him on his visits to Bruges and Holland. She painted along the coast of Yorkshire and Norfolk, her earlier work showing Senior’s influence especially. Exhibited RA, NEAC, WIAC and widely in the provinces. Was a keen member of Fylingdales Group. Lived in London for some time and at Alwoodley, near Leeds. Florence HESS 1891–1974

Painter and teacher whose work as well as being signed was authenticated by a thumb-print on the back. She was born in Paris, her father being a Sunday painter, and she studied at Académie des Beaux-Arts, free classes during World War II, but was largely self-taught. Moved to London in 1967 with her technocrat and sculptor husband Adolph, having travelled widely, and opened the BH Corner Gallery near St Paul’s Cathedral, where her work was shown. Above it Hess ran an academy where she taught Bertisme, a technique by which a painting was sculpted by brush out of enormous quantities of paint; finished surfaces could be several inches thick and take two years to dry. Museums in Britain, France and Germany showed Hess’s pictures. In 1972 part of BH Corner Gallery was turned into a permanent display of the work, while others’ pictures were also on view, and in 1973 another permanent exhibition was set up in the Rue Faubourg Poissonièrre, Paris. I J Berthe HESS 1925–

Versatile artist and teacher, born in Tressow, Germany, full name Countess Elisabeth von der Schulenburg, who, as daughter of Count Friedrich von der Schulenburg, grew up among the Prussian nobility. She was sometimes known as Tisa Schulenberg, apparently a corruption of Teaser, a nickname bestowed on her by a governess. She spent her infancy in London where from 1902–6 her father was military attaché. Back in Germany, Tisa attended the Berlin Academy of Arts and the sculpture classes of Fritz Klimsch and, against her father’s wish, studied art in Paris, 1925–8. After the rise of Adolf Hitler, with her husband from 1929, the wealthy businessman and art collector Fritz Hess, she left Germany in 1934 for London. They had a house in Highgate, she was a friend of Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth, who encouraged her to carve, and joined the anti-Fascist AIA. The Hesses also lived in Walberswick, Suffolk, at the invitation of Ernst Freud, son of Sigmund, father of Lucian, Clement and Stephen. Ernst designed a house for them, Oak Barn, later renamed Elphinstone Corner, overlooking the marshes. Julia Reisz, widow of the film director Karel Reisz, recalled Tisa as a striking figure, beautiful and blonde in a bikini. She was encouraged to visit Northumberland, where she taught at The Spennymoor Settlement. Mines and miners became a focus of her work, which continued later in the Ruhr area of Germany. After divorcing Hess in 1938 she went back to Germany, where she later remarried. In 1939 her German links prevented her return to Britain, the AIA unsuccessfully campaigning for her readmittance. Tisa was opposed to Nazism, as was her brother Fritz, who was brutally hanged after the failure of the 1944 plot to assassinate Hitler. Following a failed marriage to Carl Ulrich von Barner, 1939–46, in 1948 Tisa converted to Catholicism and entered the Ursuline convent at Dorsten, adopting the name Sister Paula, but continued to sculpt, paint and draw, latterly publishing several books of memoirs. She returned periodically to her beloved England and the pits at Durham. Her work is signed Tisa Hess or just Tisa. Much of it was left in the northeast of Tisa HESS 1903–2001


England, where she had shows at the Bede Gallery, Jarrow, 1975; Viking Gallery, Jarrow, 2000; and Hutchinson Gallery, Town Hall, Bishop Auckland, 2001, marking the seventieth anniversary of The Spennymoor Settlement. The Holocaust Museum, Auschwitz, holds examples. Others were sold by Phillips Auctioneers, Leeds, in 2001. Guy HETHERINGTON 1948– He studied at Kingston

College of Art, 1968–72. Group appearances included Contemporary Choice, Serpentine Gallery, 1982; Contemporary Art Society Market, 1986; Whitechapel Open, Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1988; and Critics Space 5, at Air Gallery, and East End Open Studios, at Milborne Street, both 1989. In 1980 Hetherington showed solo at House Gallery. Rene HETHERINGTON 1921– Sculptor in a variety

of materials, and teacher, born in Yorkshire. She attended Leeds College of Art and the Royal College of Art. Her work is held in a number of private collections in Britain and abroad and was bought by Leeds Education Authority. RBA member. Lived in Carlisle, Cumbria.

Painter, conservator and teacher, born in Freshford, Somerset, grandson of the artist Ambrose McEvoy. He studied at Byam Shaw School, 1958–60, then at Royal Academy Schools, 1961–5, winning the Armitage Prize. From 1965–7 Hett taught part-time and painted mostly landcape in the Fens and Cornwall. After studying artifact conservation, 1968–9, he worked mostly in that field, in Mexico, 1969–72, subsequently in Ottawa, Canada, where he lived. While in England, 1965–8, Hett worked on stage with The Alberts group. He showed at NEAC, RBA and at Leicester Galleries, having a one-man show in 1967, from which Lord Goodman bought work. Garman-Ryan Collection at Walsall Museum & Art Gallery also holds. Charles HETT 1939–

and in North America. She lived there in New York and in London.

Multi-talented artist, designer and poet, his mother the English ballerina Beryl Morina, his father Hans Hevesi, AustrianHungarian and an Oxford graduate, who excavated in Israel where Michael spent his initial childhood. During education in England Michael became preoccupied with primitive masks, reflected in his early oil crayon works and terracotta sculptures. While reading social anthropology at the University of Kent, Canterbury, Hevesi was introduced to the shadow puppet theatre of Indonesia which influenced his work from the 1980s onwards. After graduating Hevesi showed sculptures and paintings at the Quatre Gats café gallery in Barcelona, returning to Spain seven years later, in 1986, to exhibit at the Ateneu, Sitges. The following year he toured with The Spirit of Mankind: sculpture from Sitges, Barcelona, Granada and Paris. Hevesi extended his range in the 1990s and in 1991 the London store Harvey Nichols featured his sculptural work in nearly 30 windows. He also showed sculpture chairs at the Business Design Centre, the Ben Uri Gallery and the International Furniture Fairs at Utrecht, in the Netherlands, and in Paris. Hevesi’s collection of poems From the Dunes of Ashkelon to the Chill of the Cathedral Squares was completed in 1996. In 1997 he conceived the idea of housing works in an ambitious Corridor of Life, “a major new national and international cultural venue”, featured in an exhibition at The Gallery in Cork Street, 2004. Hevesi lived in Winchester, Hampshire. Michael HEVESI 1952–

Landscape, marine and figure painter in various media; blackand-white illustrator. Born in Southsea, Hampshire, Heward studied at Lambeth School of Art and privately. Exhibited at RA, RI, RSW, ROI, in the provinces and at the Paris Salon. Lived in Surbiton, Surrey. Harold Cornelius HEWARD 1881–1973

Painter, brought up in Brussels, Belgium, where she attended the Martin HEWER 1950– Versatile artist and teacher, university. As well as exhibiting in Belgium she born in Switzerland, who studied painting and showed at RA, RP, RWS, widely in the provinces printmaking at Wimbledon, 1968–72, Baroda, Lucette HEUSEUX 1913–


1973–4, and Fuchs Academy in Austria, 1974–7. Travelled widely, teaching photography, painting and printmaking, in Germany, Spain and Britain, also exhibiting abroad including Hungary. In 1998 Hewer shared an exhibition at East West Gallery, mainly paintings done while living in the old Arabic quarter of Granada. He returned to live in England in 1994.

Painter who studied for two terms at Taunton College of Art, 1970, having attended secondary modern school. He was included in the Piccadilly Gallery’s 1985–6 show The Brotherhood of Ruralists and Friends. Lived at Warleggan, Cornwall. Joseph HEWES 1954–

William HEWISON 1925–2002 Painter and illustrator,

born in South Shields, County Durham. He studied at the Art School there, 1941–3, Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art, 1947–9, and London University. Became art editor of the magazine Punch, 1960–84, was known for his theatrical drawings for the magazine and for The Times, and in his long-running Punch series “Hewison’s People” lampooned many in the public eye with a line said to have “the power of a rhino whip and the spikiness of barbed wire.” As well as humorous work for the press Hewison took part in Young Contemporaries, Whitechapel Art Gallery and Arts Council exhibitions. Hewison’s novel Mindfire, published in 1973, drew on his World War II experiences as a gunner and wireless operator in a Cromwell tank after the D-Day landings in France. Lived in London. Forrest HEWIT 1870–1956 Painter, born in Salford,

Lancashire, who studied with Walter Sickert and T C Dugdale and who was closely associated with the MAFA. Hewit was a good figure painter whose works have much in common with Sickert’s in approach. He painted many landscapes in England, on the continent, in China and elsewhere. Hewit was a director and vice-chairman of the Manchester-based Calico Printers’ Association. This enabled him to help more needy painters, notably Frances Hodgkins, who acted for a time as designer. Hewit exhibited widely, including RA,

NEAC, Cooling Galleries and RBA. Work held by several public collections. Lived in Wilmslow, Cheshire.

Eric HEWITSON 1966– Artist using modern media,

who graduated with honours in fine art from the University of Wales. Hewitson aimed to put classical themes into a contemporary context, taking elements from diverse disciplines such as mathematics, philosophy, architecture, literature and science. In 1995, Simon-Peter Santospirito “launched the world’s first virtual reality gallery to showcase Hewitson’s complete genetic DNA fingerprint (which we published in Art and Text the previous year) and a range of other scientific experiments and analyses into his identity, such as PET and MRO brain scans and electronic scanning micrographs. The virtual reality gallery was shown in the ICA’s 1996 Pandaemonium show, commemorating 100 years of the moving image.” Hewitson’s other shows included Kreuzberg, Berlin, Germany, in 1988, with the installation Frozen Meat; studio exhibitions in Portugal and Cairo in 1989 and 1990; Jerome Gallery, Sydney, Australia, paintings, First Past The Post Modern, 1991; Sue Williams Gallery, paintings, Oh, but do not ask what is it!, and Salama-Caro Gallery, paintings, Skin, both 1993; Darling Harbour, Sydney, International Convention For Cell Research, installation, Genetically Me Genetically You, 1994; Jibby Beane Gallery, solo, Sometimes I don’t know myself at all, 1995; and Coventry Gallery, 1996. Hewitson’s work was in numerous corporate and private collections, including Novartis; Oracle; More O’Ferrall Plc; American Embassy, Canberra; Sakura Global Capital, Sakura Bank; Smith-Kline Beecham; and Telecom Australia, Executive Collection.

Painter, illustrator and teacher, born in Horden, County Durham. Studied at Royal College of Art and went on to lecture at Birmingham College of Art. Exhibited widely in group shows, including RA, RBSA, LG and overseas, and had a series of one-man exhibitions including Shipley Gallery, Univision Gallery and Arden Gallery. Illustrated books and magazines. Geoffrey HEWITT 1930–


City Art Gallery, Birmingham, holds his work.

May R HEWITT fl. c.1940–1960 Painter in oil, born in Newcastle upon Tyne where she studied art parttime at King’s College. She showed locally, at the Laing Art Gallery in Newcastle and Shipley Art Gallery in Gateshead, where she lived, and belonged to the local Art Club. In the 1950s she was for much of the decade secretary of the Federation of Northern Art Societies.

Pauline HEWITT 1907– Landscape and portrait painter in oil who went on to teach after studying at the Slade School of Fine Art and in Paris. Exhibited RA, SWA and RI. Lived in St Ives, Cornwall. Andrew HEWKIN 1949– Figurative painter, his bright

palette reflecting the many exotic locations painted. Hewkin was born in the Midlands, studying at Stourbridge Art College; West of England Art College, Bristol; and Royal College of Art, gaining a first-class master’s degree in 1973. Notable teachers included David Inshaw, Peter Blake, Ruskin Spear, Leonard Rosoman and Carel Weight. He won the Burston Award for Painting, 1972, and the John Minton Travelling Scholarship, 1973. Paintings of the Greek Islands, Turkey and Cyprus formed his first solo show at Trafford Gallery, 1974. After living in the West Indies for three years Hewkins became a global traveller. Commissions included Thomas Cook, to travel down the Nile; British Airways, to produce four paintings entitled The Four Corners of the World; a logo for the Peace Harmony concert in Tokyo to commemorate the end of the Gulf War; Playboy to paint a version of the rabbit logo; and Baring Securities, 14 large works for a new bank. Books included Songs to the Bedroom Walls, with Susan George, 1987, and a limited-edition Vietnamese Sketchbook, 1991. In the early 1970s Hewkin showed at RA Summer Exhibition and Chichester Festival. Then he exhibited widely internationally, including regularly with the Hamilton Gallery. There was a retrospective at Royal Westmorland (Barbados) and an exhibition The Quintessential Caribbean at The Gallery in Cork Street, both 2000. The British

royal family and international public and private collections own Hewkin’s work. He had a studio in London.

Elsie Dalton HEWLAND 1901–1979 Painter of figure

and genre subjects, educated in the north of England, who attended Sheffield College of Art, 1921–4, then the Royal Academy Schools, 1926– 30, under Walter Westley Russell. Exhibited RA, RWS and in the provinces, but is especially known for her World War II pictures, which depict life on the home front. Imperial War Museum holds her work, which was much-anthologised in war-related books, such as Eric Newton’s War Through Artists’ Eyes. Lived at Chalfont St Giles, Buckinghamshire, for a time, also near Ventnor, Isle of Wight. She is sometimes recorded as Elise (a name she adopted) Dalton Hewland or just E Dalton Hewland. Francis HEWLETT 1930– Painter, ceramic sculptor

and teacher, born in Bristol. He studied painting and etching at West of England College of Art there, 1948–52; was at École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1953; studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1953– 5, and worked for a time with William Coldstream and Claude Rogers. He was head of painting at Falmouth School of Art, 1960–81, settling in the Cornish town after moving to the county in 1957. In 1977 Hewlett was Gregynog Arts Fellow, University of Wales, in Newtown. Hewlett worked in ceramics, mainly large-scale sculpture, 1968– 75, then from 1981 concentrated on pictures of the Bristol Empire theatre, based on much earlier drawings. The colourful, evocative pictures were shown at Browse & Darby in 1993. Solo exhibition, Falmouth Art Gallery, 2000. Hewlett showed at RA, RWA of which he was a member and at Newlyn Orion Gallery and in 1992 was included in Artists from Cornwall at RWA. Ulster Museum in Belfast; National Library of Wales in Aberystwyth; and public galleries in Leicester, Plymouth, Portsmouth and Southampton hold examples. Lived in Falmouth, Cornwall. Charles HEWLINGS 1948– Abstract sculptor, and teacher, producing large works in such materials as concrete, steel, wood, pigment and fired clay.


He gained an honours degree in fine art at University of Newcastle upon Tyne, 1967–71, then did an advanced sculpture course at St Martin’s School of Art, 1971–3. Interspersed with periods as a part-time lecturer, Hewlings held a Wilhelm Lehmbruck Scholarship in Duisburg, West Germany, 1982–4; took part in the Triangle Artists’ Workshop, Pine Plains, New York, 1984; was visiting sculptor at School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, America, 1986, in the same year participating in the Hardingham Sculpture Workshop in Norfolk; and in 1991 held the Picker Lectureship, Kingston Polytechnic. Took part in numerous mixed shows, including Platform ’73, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, 1973; Arts Council Purchases and Awards, Serpentine Gallery, 1979, the year of his Arts Council Major Award; Sculpture at Cannizaro Park, 1985; and Galerie Dagmar, 1993. Had a solo show at Acme Gallery, 1976, later ones including a series at Smith Jariwala/Kapil Jariwala Galleries from 1990. London Borough of Hounslow; Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum, Duisburg; and St Matthew’s Church, Brixton, also hold examples.

Ann HEWSON 1933– Painter, draughtsman and clay sculptor, born and lived in London. Studied at South-West Essex Technical College after leaving school; lived in the country without much painting; then returned to London, attending evening classes at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art. Married one of her teachers, Clifford Hall. Showed in various London galleries, including a shared exhibition with Nigel Lambourne at Belgrave Gallery, 1976, and a solo show at John Denham Gallery, 1985.

attracted by her boyish, humorous expression. Hey began to exhibit in group shows about this time. She showed with the LG and Denbighshire Art Society for long periods, as well as with the NS, WIAC and SGA. Her first one-man show was of portrait drawings at Reid and Lefevre in 1933. In 1941 she moved to Wales, after which she concentrated on her period figures, which were shown widely. Hey’s work is in the collections of Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea, British Museum and Reading University’s Rural Life Museum. Lived at Llysfaen, Clwyd.

Sculptor and teacher, born in Hartlepool, County Durham, who worked in mixed media. He studied at Newcastle Polytechnic, 1971–4, teachers Fenwick Lawson, Gilbert Ward, Fred Watson, Derek Dalton and John Crisp, obtaining an honours degree in sculpture, then was at Christ Church College, Canterbury, 1975–6. Heywood had enormously varied teaching experience. Apart from teaching at Kent Institute of Art & Design, Canterbury, he was a part-time social worker, ran children’s classes, classes for the mentally and physically handicapped and taught at South Kent College, Cyprus School of Art, Royal College of Art and elsewhere. Among his awards were a Harkness Fellowhip, British Council Award and a South East Arts Artists’ Award. He was well written up in the national press and appeared on television programmes such as Wogan and Blue Peter. Also showed in numerous group exhibitions including RA Summer Exhibition, Minories Gallery and Sculpture at Canterbury, 1992. His solo shows included Cubitt Gallery, 1994; Eagle Gallery, 1995; and Robert Pardo Gallery, New York, America, 1999. Heywood wrote that “in many ways my work stems from the Duchampian tradition. I use readymades in all different contexts, to reinforce or subvert ideas I am pursuing, including all media and materials.” Tate Special Collections and Museum of Art in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, held examples. Heywood lived in Staple, Canterbury, Kent.

Anthony HEYWOOD 1952–

Cicely HEY 1896–1980 Painter and modeller of miniature period figures, born at Faringdon, Oxfordshire. She studied at the Brussels School of Art, Central School of Arts and Crafts and Slade School of Fine Art. She was married to the art critic and editor of the Burlington Magazine, R R Tatlock. Her friendship with the painter Walter Sickert is well recorded in books on him. He met her at a Roger Fry lecture in 1922 after which he drew and painted her many times in the 1920s, much Sally HEYWOOD 1964– Painter, born in Liverpool, 124

who studied at Oxford University, 1982–3, then Royal Academy Schools, 1984–7. Among awards won in 1987 were the Creswick Landscape Prize, David Murray Landscape Award and the Dunoyer de Segonzac Travelling Scholarship. In 1987–8 Heywood won a fellowship in painting at Gloucestershire College of Art, a British Council Scholarship to the German Democratic Republic following in 1990–1, and from 1990 she lived and worked in Berlin. Heywood’s abstract work was gestural with very thick impasto and a rich palette, as seen in a three-artist show at Paton Gallery in 1994. Group exhibitions included Red Herring Art Gallery, Brighton, 1989, other appearances at Paton Gallery and elsewhere on the continent, especially in Germany. Solo exhibitions included Midland Bank Headquarters, 1986; Paton Gallery, 1990; Sperl Gallery, Potsdam, 1991; Ministry of Culture, Land Brandenburg, 1992, and Broadbent 2002. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Stroud District Council; and Art in Hospitals hold examples.

Bernard Leach and Peter Lanyon were key influences as were the Malvern Hills, where he lived much of his life, moving to Hastings, Sussex, in 1982. Its Museum and Art Gallery gave him a memorial show, 1992–3. Hibbert’s solo shows were at Search Gallery, 1973, and Hereford City Museum, 1985. Mixed exhibitions included RA Summer Exhibition from 1987; LG 75th Anniversary Exhibition, at Royal College of Art, 1988; and in same year Louise Hallett Gallery.

and teacher, born in Birmingham. He attended Moseley Junior Art School, 1939–42, Birmingham College of Art, 1942–6, Royal College of Art, 1946–50, and Académie de la Grande Chaumière, in Paris, 1950–1. He gained a French Government Scholarship. Went on to be a visiting teacher at Kingston College of Art and Epsom School of Art. Heyworth was a member of RWS, RBA and NEAC. Public galleries in Birmingham, Bradford, Preston and Sheffield hold examples. He was a Chelsea Arts Club member who lived in Chiswick, west London, and died in Charing Cross Hospital.

Architect and painter in oil and watercolour, born in Hull, Yorkshire. He attended the Grammar School there and College of Art. Exhibited widely. From 1935–55 his works were accepted annually at RA and he was a founder-member of RSMA. Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, holds a batch of work by him and he is also represented in Mansfield Art Gallery. Member of Art Workers’ Guild and Chelsea Arts Club. Lived in Hornsea, Yorkshire.

Alfred HEYWORTH 1926–1976 Painter, draughtsman

David HIBBERT 1946–1991 Painter and draughtsman, born in Berkshire, who left school in 1959 to concentrate on painting. Produced haunting figure and landscape paintings in soft, earthy colours. He studied sculpture with Shelley Fausset for two years in 1960s, then attended Croydon College of Art, 1966–7, where he claimed he learned little. Went through rigorous study of such artists as Leonardo, Breughel and Dürer and became interested in surface and texture. Patrick Hayman,

Phyllis I HIBBERT 1903– Flower painter and teacher.

She studied at Preston and Liverpool Schools of Art and went on to teach at a College of Further Education in the Lytham St Annes area of Lancashire where she lived. Showed at RA, SWA, RCamA, Manchester Academy and Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. Harris Museum and Art Gallery in Preston holds her watercolour Nasturtiums. Hibbert was a regular exhibitor in Lancashire for some 45 years from 1927 at the Lancashire Art Exhibition, her watercolours of flowers often incorporating pottery or statuettes. Allanson HICK 1898–1975

Norman HICKIN 1910–1990 Artist

in scraperboard, born in Birmingham. He was self-taught but was influenced by Bernard Fleetwood-Walker while at Aston Grammar School. Hickin trained as an entomologist, graduating in 1936 and obtaining his doctorate in 1940. For a time he was a rubber technologist at Dunlop, then became scientific director of Rentokil, the pest control firm. He was primarily a naturalist who loved drawing. Among his books, which he illustrated, were African Notebook, 1969, and Beachcombing for Beginners, 1975. Also showed with SWLA, of which he was


a member. Died at Bewdley, Worcestershire.

Jason HICKLIN 1966– Painter and printmaker who attended Stafford College of Art, with distinction, 1984–5, and Central St Martins, 1985–93, graduating in painting with a diploma in advanced printmaking. Group shows included Bankside Open, Bankside Gallery, 1992; RE and RA, both from 1994; and NEAC, 1996. Showed solo with Attendi from 1996. He shared a show with Liam Hanley at Beardsmore Gallery in 1999. North House Gallery, Manningtree, exhibited Hicklin’s Landscapes 04–05 in 2005.

Painter and technical illustrator, born in Nottingham where he attended the College of Art, 1927–39, under Arthur Spooner. Showed at RA, ROI, RSMA, RP and elsewhere. Member of the Sketching Club in Derby. Lived in Breaston, Derbyshire. Edward Albert HICKLING 1913–1999





Landscape painter, singer and teacher, born in Birmingham, father of the artist Eileen HickmanSmith. He studied at Birmingham School of Art under Edward Taylor and James Valentine Jelley. Hicky, as he was known, served as a captain in World War I, was for a time a regimental bandmaster and ran seaside concert parties, being an accomplished baritone. He was a poet, wrote books of stories and and was a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts. Exhibited at RA, RBA, PS and widely in the provinces. Was co-founder and secretary of Islington Art Circle, living in Highbury, north London, for many years. He died in Winchmore Hill Hospital.

in 1956, she was already under medical care.

Amy Elizabeth Blanche HICKS 1876– Watercolourist

and teacher, born in Devoran, Cornwall. She studied at Truro, Falmouth and Redruth Schools of Art and in Newlyn in Norman Garstin’s studio. Showed at RI, in Cornwall and at Paris Salon, in 1951. Lived in Newquay, Cornwall.

Anne HICKS 1928– Artist in oil and gouache, teacher

and environmental illustrator, born in London, married to the artist Jerry Hicks. She studied at Slade School of Fine Art with Randolph Schwabe, George Charlton and William Coldstream, then was a freelance artist in Bristol from 1952. Was visiting lecturer to Bristol University School of Architecture, taught in adult education and elsewhere. Bristol University has a swimming pool mural by her; she did other murals and stage designs with her husband. Mediterranean landscapes, portraits and wild animals in natural habitats, mainly large cats, were among Hicks’ favourite subjects. She was a member of RWA, which holds her work. Exhibited in British Women Painters at Museum of Modern Art in Paris, in the English provinces and held joint shows with her husband. They shared the inaugural exhibition for the Grant Bradley Gallery, Bristol in 2005. Lived in Bristol.

Artist in oil and pastel and teacher, born in London, full name Gerald Anthony William Hicks, married to the artist Anne Hicks. He studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1944–5 and 1948–50, notable teachers including Randolph Schwabe, William Coldstream, Lucian Freud and William Townsend; and with Walter Bayes in Eileen HICKMAN-SMITH fl. c.1940–1970 Sculptor, Lancaster and London. Went on to teach at Cotham painter in oil and journalist, born in London, Grammar School, settling in Bristol, becoming a daughter of the painter Arthur Ernest Hickman- freelance artist in 1980. Hicks was a Judo 6th Dan Smith. Miss Hickman-Smith studied art at Regent which he said “influenced dynamic work”. He did Street Polytechnic School of Art under Harold stage designs and murals with his wife, working Brownsword and Geoffrey Deeley. She attended in the European realist tradition, and they were Highbury Hill School, living her life in the north extensively committed to environmental work. He London suburb. Exhibited at RA, RI, NS, WIAC, was chairman of the Bristol City Docks Group, RBA and Islington Art Circle. The local town hall was a member and chairman of the Bristol Civic has a panel by her. At the time of her father’s death, Society and was vice-chairman of the South-West Jerry HICKS 1927–


Council for Sport. Hicks was a member of RWA which holds his work (including a portrait of HM The Queen). Hicks exhibited at the RA, RBA, King Street Gallery, London, the Mall Gallery, Arnolfini and Bristol Guild, as well as sharing many joint shows with his wife, Anne. He had several solo shows in London and Bristol and shared some with his wife. Hicks was winner of the Bristol 600 Competition in 1973, won the Queen’s Silver Jubilee Award with a picture of Roger Bannister’s sub-four minute mile and in 1984 gained an Olympic painting prize. His many portrait commissions included Sir Charles Frank, the Nobel Prize winner Nevil Mott, Lord Methuen, the Member of Parliament Marcus Lipton and the actor John Woodvine. In 1997 completed a mural commission of I K Brunel for the SS Great Britain. His Judo through the Looking Glass, with illustrations, was published in 1994, in which year he was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire “for services to sport and the community in the south west”. Bristol, Brunel and Liverpool Universities and Bristol Merchant Venturers hold examples. In 2005 Jerry and Anne Hicks provided an inaugural exhibition for the Grant Bradley Gallery in Bristol.

in Switzerland and ’85 Show, Serpentine Gallery, both 1985; Yorkshire Sculpture Park, 1986; Bryan Kneale’s Choice, at Arts Club, 1990; Drawing Towards Sculpture, Isis Gallery, Leigh-on-Sea, 1993; Christie’s, 1996; Holland Park Sculpture Exhibition, 2000; Flowers Central, 2002; New Grafton Gallery and Schoenthal Monastery, Langenbruck, Switzerland, both 2003; Monuments to Love, Flowers East, 2003–4; and Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, 2005. Began showing with Angela Flowers in solo exhibitions in mid-1980s in London and Ireland, later shows including Peter Scott Gallery, Lancaster, and Castlefield Gallery, Manchester, both 1993. Contemporary Art Society holds her work. Commissions included a monument in Battersea Park, Brown Dog.

Peter HICKS 1937– Artist, teacher and athlete, born

in Eskdale, who lived almost all his life in north Yorkshire. He was unhappy with the teaching at Scarborough School of Art so moved to Middlesbrough College of Art, where he quickly became friends with the teacher Joe Cole and his wife Sheila. In 1963 he married Joe’s younger sister Eileen, also an art teacher. Hicks’s work was included with Joe Cole’s in Messum’s 2005 exhibition The Elemental North. As a middleLesley HICKS 1964– Artist often working in mixed distance runner and landscape painter, Hicks ran media on paper. She studied at the fine art the moors and learned their contours by feel and department at the University of Newcastle upon sight. He taught in schools and colleges before Tyne, then graduated from Royal Academy Schools becoming head of creative arts at Queen Elizabeth in 1989. Her awards included the Richard Ford College, Darlington, a post held for 20 years. Award to study in Spain, 1989. From the early Throughout teaching he continued to paint, for 1980s she participated in many mixed shows in many years experimenting with pure abstraction. the provinces and London, notably The Broad It was not until he did a late master’s degree at Horizon, at Agnew, 1990. Work was commonly what became the University of Northumbria that he chose to return to figuration as a landscapist. signed L F Hicks. Hicks worked with long-handled brushes flat on L F HICKS: see Lesley HICKS the floor and employed thin glazes of acrylic, sand and other materials to create large romantic, sensual Nicola HICKS 1960– Sculptor and draughtsman, born and lived in London, noted for her fine depictions and powerful paintings. of animals. She attended Chelsea School of Art, Philip HICKS 1928– Artist and teacher, married to 1978–82, Royal College of Art, 1982–5. Took part the sculptor Jill Tweed, the sculptor Nicola Hicks in many mixed shows including Christie’s was his daughter. He attended Winchester College, Inaugural Graduate Exhibition, 1982; Artist of the then Chelsea School of Art and Royal Academy Day, Angela Flowers Gallery, 1984; Basel Art Fair Schools, 1949–54. From 1960–86 taught part-time 127

in art schools in or near London, then concentrated on painting, from time to time playing jazz piano professionally. Group shows included the RA Summer Exhibition from 1957; Contemporary Prints 1970–75, Tate Gallery; Small is Beautiful, Angela Flowers Gallery, 1985; and Separate Easels, Alresford Gallery, Alresford. Had many solo shows after St George’s Gallery, 1956, including Imperial War Museum, 1975, New Art Centre, 1980; Galleri Engstrom, Stockholm, Sweden, from 1980; and Heffer’s Gallery, Cambridge, 1992; David Messum Gallery, which latterly represented him, from 1997; and Alpha House Gallery, Sherborne, 1999. The Tate, Victoria & Albert Museum, Imperial War Museum and other public and corporate collections hold the work of Hicks, who was at times both chairman and vice-president of the Artists General Benevolent Institution. Lived in Oxfordshire.

partner Peter Wakelin, “my teacher and mentor, who gradually encouraged me to develop my painting, which is now my life.” Hicks-Jenkins’ masks shows included The Old Library, Cardiff, 1992–4; Oriel Myrrddin, Carmarthen, and tour, 1994–5; and Pennine Arts, Burnley, 1995. Solo exhibitions included New Theatre, Cardiff, 1984; Theatre Clwyd, Mold, 1986; and Newport Museum and Art Gallery, 2001. Mixed shows of pictures included Attic Gallery, Swansea, and Gordon Hepworth Gallery, Newton St Cyres, and HicksJenkins shared an exhibition with Charles Shearer at Kilvert Gallery, Clyro, 1996. Commissions included frieze murals for natural history department at Newport Museum and Art Gallery and posters for Cardiff New Theatre and Theatre Clwyd. Theatre Museum, Covent Garden, holds his work. Lived in Pontcanna, Cardiff, where Hicks-Jenkins sought “to find a truly Welsh art, which explores the special and the profound in Roland HICKS 1967– Artist born in Aldershot, Welsh landscape and culture.” Hampshire, who studied at Winchester School of Art and the Slade School of Fine Art. In 1996, Charles Christopher HICKSON 1957– Painter in oil Hicks won the UCL Whitaker Memorial and watercolour and lecturer, born in Hull, Commission. Group exhibitions included Viva Yorkshire. Gained an honours degree in fine art, Chihuahua!, The Tannery, and Romantische having studied at Medlock Fine Art Centre, Strategien, Albatros 515, Berlin, Germany, both Manchester Polytechnic, 1976–9. He combined 1998. Hicks was a finalist in the 1999 NatWest Art painting with part-time lecturing in colleges in Prize. He showed oil paintings of everyday objects, northwest of England. Group shows included at first photographed at floor level away from their Urban Landscape at Stockport Art Gallery, and normal contexts, removing clues to their functions. Lancashire South of the Sands, which toured from The enlarged scale and transfer to canvas gave the the County and Regimental Museum, Preston, both final pictures an enigmatic quality, open to 1988; and Attitudes to the Contemporary Nude, at interpretation. There was a solo show at The the latter venue, 1989. Solo shows included Lewis Textile Hall, Blackburn, 1987; Warrington Market, 2002. Museum and Art Gallery, 1988; and Towneley Hall, Clive HICKS-JENKINS 1951– Artist in mixed media, Burnley, 1990. Eastern Arts Association and choreographer, stage designer and director, born Towneley Hall own examples. Lived in Sale, in Newport, Monmouthshire, who was educated Cheshire. in theatre studies at Italia Conti School and Ballet Rambert. He began his career as a dancer, and Peter HIDE 1944– Sculptor in steel and teacher, born eventually created productions for leading in Carshalton, Surrey. He studied at Croydon companies worldwide, as well as working in College of Art, 1961–4, then St Martin’s School television and film. In the late 1980s Hicks-Jenkins of Art, 1964–7. There he was one of the first of the “cut down on theatre and design work to explore younger British sculptors to adopt Anthony Caro’s other areas of creative activity. I began to make methods, although in Hide’s work structure rather and exhibit masks.” In the early 1990s he met his than spatial arrangement was the key principle. 128

Later Hide said that he wanted to regain “a sense of steel parts and relations between them”. Taught at Norwich School of Art, 1968–74; St Martin’s, 1971–8; and was professor of sculpture at the University of Alberta, in Canada, from 1977. From the late-1970s Hide took part in many workshops in North America and Europe and he visited England each year to work for several weeks in Norfolk. Hide had early exhibitions at Stockwell Depot from 1968, at Serpentine Gallery, 1976, and Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, 1979. There was a show at Alberta House, 1984; a 10-year retrospective at Edmonton Art Gallery in 1986, the year when a series of exhibitions started at Kathleen Laverty Gallery there; and a show at André Emmerich Gallery, New York, 1990. Tate Gallery, Arts Council, City of Barcelona Museum of Modern Art and a series of North American collections hold examples.

in Frame at Site the Gallery, Sheffield, with Uta Barth and Carter Potter. His later solo shows included Eye to I, Blue Gallery, 2001, and Unload there, 2004.

and writer. Born at Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Higgins studied art in London, France and Italy. Often signing his pictures Pic (in his books used the pen-name Ian Dall), Higgins exhibited at galleries in London, in the USA, Rome and Paris. The Contemporary Art Society bought his work. Was married to the painter Kate Olver. Lived in London.

Painter of contemporary Lancashire scene, born in Mossley, Lancashire. He studied at Royal College of Art, Salford. Gained Diploma in Industrial Design (1st Prize) of Royal Society of Arts. Was a foundermember of Saddleworth Art Group and appeared in a show of its work at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1973. Also showed at Manchester Academy, Tib Lane Gallery and elsewhere in northwest.

Charles HIGGINS 1893– Oil and watercolour painter,

Lawrence HIGGINS 1964–1988 Painter and printmaker, born in Bury, Lancashire, of British and Afro-Caribbean parents. After attending Cardinal Langley Grammar School, Middleton, Higgins went to Rochdale College of Art for an arts foundation course; in 1983 he won the Student of the Year Foundation Prize. Higgins attended Goldsmiths’ College School of Art in that year, graduating in 1986. Shortly after graduation a set of prints by him was bought for the Arts Council collection. The subject of Higgins’ prints was daily life in Peckham, where he lived. He also painted exuberant oils of figures on beaches. Higgins committed suicide and was commemorated in 1992 with a South Bank Centre exhibition. Lloyd




Painter and teacher, born in Seikyi, Burma, but educated in Tim HIGGINS 1961– Artist who studied at Middlesex Yorkshire. She attended Leeds College of Art, Polytechnic, 1980–3. His exhibitions included 1940–5. Showed at RSA, RP, WIAC, ROI and Vortex Gallery, 1985; Galerie Endart, Berlin, and Galerie Klenzestrabe, Munich, both in West elsewhere. Lived at Sleights, Yorkshire. Germany in 1987; and East End Open Studios, at Duncan HIGGINS 1963– Figurative painter, and Carpenter’s Road, 1989. lecturer, who distorted the image to produce his effect. He studied at Nottingham Trent Polytechnic, Wilfred HIGGINS 1893–1978 Portrait painter, full 1982–5, then taught fine art at Nottingham Trent name Francis Wilfred Higgins, who was born and University, living in Sheffield, Yorkshire. Group finally lived in Chester and who attended the shows included Bonnington Gallery, Nottingham, School of Art there. Also studied in London and 1989; Fuse, Raw Gallery, 1994; Contemporary Art Italy. Showed RA, RHA, widely in Canada as well Society, Royal Festival Hall, 1995; Art Frankfurt, as in Australia and on the continent, notably at the Germany, 1997; Musio, Graves Art Gallery, Paris Salon. Joined the Art Workers’ Guild in 1936. Sheffield, 1998; and D90, Boots Building, Derek HIGGINSON 1930– Painter born in Oakhill, Nottingham, 1999. In 2000 Higgins participated Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, where he attended Dorothy Mary HIGGINS fl. from 1940s–


the College of Art, 1944–50, his teachers including Frith Milward. Showed with Free Painters and Sculptors of which he was a member, Staffordshire Artists’ Club of which he was a founder-member, with the Unit Ten Group of former Stoke students and elsewhere widely in the Staffordshire area.

Artist, writer and curator whose output included text-based work, born in Wakefield, Yorkshire, who studied at Blackburn School of Art, 1983–4, and Newcastle Polytechnic, 1984–7. He gained the 1996 Wingate Artists Award at Art96. Mixed shows included Inside a Microcosm, Laure Genillard, 1992; East, Norwich Gallery, Norwich, 1994; Cocaine Orgasm, Bank at Burbage House, 1995; Yerself Is Steam, 85 Charlotte Road, 1996; and Murray Guy Gallery, New York, America, 1998. Higgs had solo shows at Anthony Wilkinson Gallery, 1999 and 2003. He was the publisher of Imprint 93, an ongoing series of artists’ editions, and co-curated the fifth British Art Show in 2000. Lived in London. Matthew HIGGS 1964–

Raymond HIGGS 1940– Printmaker and painter, born

in Carlisle, Cumberland, partner of the artist Jenny Cowern. He studied at Carlisle College of Art, 1956–61, under Jack Seabury, gaining his diploma at the Royal Academy Schools, 1961–4. Higgs won an Abbey Minor Scholarship in Painting, 1966, and a Northern Arts Purchase Award in 1985. The consistent interest running through his work was “my desire to remove tone (black and white) from colour relationships, so that the full chromatic (red-blue-yellow) value can be seen. The reason for being of these prints is colour: its quantities, proportions and relationships.” Group shows included Mini Print International, Cadaques, Barcelona, Spain, from 1990; The Art of the Printmaker, Royal Festival Hall, 1991; and 3rd Kochi International Triennial Exhibition of Prints, Kochi, Japan, 1996. Among his later solo exhibitions were the Arts Centre, Washington, Tyne & Wear, 1999. Northern Arts, Carlisle Museum & Art Gallery and other public and corporate collections hold examples. Lived in Langrigg, Wigton, Cumbria.

Jo HIGSON: see Jo Scannell

Rowland HILDER 1905–1993 Landscape and marine

painter, mainly in watercolour, printmaker and illustrator. Born at Greatneck, Long Island, America, with British parents, Hilder was initially educated in Morristown, New Jersey. After settling in England, he studied illustration and printmaking at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art under Edmund Sullivan for three years in the 1920s. He was later to lecture at that College between the wars, also at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, Royal College of Art and Farnham School of Art. During World War II Hilder served in the Army, concerned with camouflage. He was involved in several fine art publication companies, was a pioneer silkscreen printmaker in Britain, did extensive advertising work, notably for Shell-Mex and BP and illustrated many books. He was assisted in his Shell work by his wife Edith, originally Edith Blenkiron. Hilder’s book illustration commissions included Herman Melville’s Moby Dick and Robert Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island. His own books Starting with Watercolour and Painting Landscapes in Watercolour and the two volumes Rowland Hilder’s England and Rowland Hilder Country presented his own pictures. Hilder achieved great popular success with his portrayal of the English countryside, notably Kent, with the characteristically delineated trees and oast-houses. He showed at RA, RI of which he was president 1964–74, RHA and NEAC. He had his first solo show at Fine Art Society in 1939, and there was a retrospective at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1985. Duncan Campbell Fine Art latterly handled his work. Hilder early on was a keen sailor, marine artist and illustrator of boys’ sea adventure stories. Although he lived in London he kept a coastguard’s cottage at Shell Ness, as a base for marine painting. His son also painted, under the name Anthony Flemming. Sculptor and designer of medals, born in Cardiff. After private education she studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1926–9, then sculpture at Royal Academy Schools, 1929–34. From 1929 she showed at RA, also with

Muriel B G HILEY 1906–


RCamA and with Lewisham Society of Arts. From the late-1920s she obtained a large number of commissions including medals of David Lloyd George, Neville Chamberlain and Jan Christian Smuts; a commemorative plaque for Brooklands motor racing track jubilee in 1957; and in 1966 a large copy of the World Cup for Wembley Stadium. Imperial War Museum, Glynn Vivian Art Gallery in Swansea and National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, hold her work. Richard HILEY 1921– Painter, illustrator and teacher,

born in Halifax, Yorkshire, where he continued to live. Studied at Halifax School of Art, 1936–40, then after World War II at Royal College of Art, 1946–9, his teachers including Kenneth Rowntree and Rodney Burn. Taught at Huddersfield School of Art.

A Stuart HILL: see A Stuart-Hill

Painter, mainly of landscapes in watercolour, and illustrator. Born at Charlton, Kent, studied at St John’s Wood School of Art, 1912–14, then at the Royal College of Art, 1919–20. During World War I Hill was an Official War Artist, producing outstanding pictures from the front line, now in the Imperial War Museum. Exhibited at the RA, RBA, NEAC, RHA, ROI, in the provinces and overseas, including Paris Salon. His work is in many public collections, including the Victoria & Albert Museum. Hill was an exemplary, enthusiastic teacher. For a time he taught at Hornsey School of Art and on screen in the early days of television after World War II. He wrote many books on painting techniques, such as On Drawing and Painting Trees, 1936, and The Pleasures of Painting, 1952. Lived at Midhurst, Sussex. Adrian HILL 1895–1977

Artist noted for her box and collage creations. She studied at Bournemouth and Poole College of Art and Design and Goldsmiths’ College School of Art. Showed at Slaughterhouse Gallery, Shipley’s Bookshop and England & Co, in Art in Boxes, 1991.

Andrea HILL 1954–

Anthony HILL 1930–

Constructivist artist working

in a variety of materials, painter and teacher. Born in London where he continued to live. He studied at St Martin’s School of Art and Central School of Art and Design, 1947–51, in 1951–2 visiting Paris. He had painted in Dadaist and Surrealist styles in 1950, but after meeting Picabia, Kupka and Vantongerloo his painting became more disciplined, he made his first relief in 1954 and two years later abandoned painting. His first solo show of reliefs was at ICA in 1958. Two years later he was an organiser of Construction: England: 1950–60, at Drian Gallery. Went on to show widely internationally in exhibitions of abstract and constructivist art. Taught for a time at Polytechnic of Central London, Chelsea School of Art, gained a Leverhulme Fellowship at mathematics department of University College in London, 1971–3, and eventually became visiting research associate there. From mid-1970s Hill signed some works Redo, others Rem Doxford. Commissions included large screen for headquarters of the International Union of Architects’ Congress, 1961. Hill had a retrospective at Hayward Gallery in 1983 and a show of works 1954–82 at Austin/Desmond Fine Art, 2003. Tate Gallery, Victoria & Albert Museum, Arts Council and other public collections in Britain and abroad hold examples.

Artist and musician, born in Sheffield, Yorkshire, who took up drawing and painting at Camden Adult Education Institute in 1970. After opting for early retirement from the National Economic Development Office in 1988, he devoted much time to painting and playing the cello, taken up in 1985, with the East London Late Starters Orchestra. With his cello teacher Pat Legg Hill produced The Better Late … Cello Book. Chamber music was the main inspiration for Hill’s pictures. In 1992, his large oil painting of the Lindsay String Quartet was exhibited at the Conway Hall and at the Quartet’s twenty-fifth anniversary concerts at the Wigmore Hall and Crucible Theatre, Sheffield. Showed at Sheffield Chamber Music Festival from 1988 and from 1995 his pictures of chamber musicians in concert were permanently exhibited at Conway Hall. Later lived

Barrie HILL 1936–


in Fougères, France.

Caroline HILL 1935–1983 Painter, draughtsman, etcher and fabric designer, who studied at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1952–6, in 1955 being awarded the Catherine Maude Pearce Scholarship permitting a year of postgraduate study. Exhibited with Young Contemporaries, 1955–6, in 1956 with Leicester Galleries, in 1957 marrying Nicolas Hill. In 1975, she had a solo show at William Darby. Hill painted mostly on a small scale, delicate and charming works which harked back to Bloomsbury and the Euston Road School. In 1976 she completed a watercolour portrait of the writer Graham Greene at his Antibes home. In 1985, a complete catalogue of her work was privately published, with introductions by Richard Morphet and William Packer. Lived in London. Derek HILL 1916–2000 Painter notable for perceptive

portraits and subtle landscapes, stage designer, exhibition organiser and writer, brother of the artist John Hill. He was born Arthur Derek Hill in Bassett, Hampshire. Was educated at Marlborough College, then studied stage design in Munich, Paris and Vienna, 1933–5, and began life drawing. Although he designed sets and costumes for the ballet The Lord of Burleigh at Sadler’s Wells in 1937, in Paris a year later he chose to paint rather than pursue designing. During World War II he worked on a farm in England, painting spare-time. Contributed articles to Penguin New Writing, New Statesman and other magazines. The 1940s and 1950s were busy years for Hill, for he had a first solo show at Nicholson Gallery, 1943; designed for Il Trovatore at Covent Garden, 1947; painted in Ireland and Italy, where he was encouraged by the critic Bernard Berenson; organised the Degas exhibition at Edinburgh Festival, 1952; had a series of shows at Leicester Galleries; and was art director of the British School in Rome, 1953–4, and 1957– 8. Had retrospectives at Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1961, Colnaghi’s, 1994, and RHA, 1998. Created a gallery showing his own fine collection of pictures at his home in Donegal, Ireland. He painted part of the year on Tory Island, where he discovered and promoted a group of fishermen-painters, who

went on to exhibit widely. Collaborated on several books on Islamic architecture. Hill’s work is in collections of Tate Gallery; Arts Council; Fogg Museum, Harvard; National Gallery of Ireland, and elsewhere including Mottisfont Abbey, Hampshire, which holds part of his nineteenthand twentieth-century collection. Hill died in London.

Painter, born in Caernarvon. She lived there as a housewife and did not start painting until 1964. Mrs Hill then showed in the WAC exhibition Alternative Tradition and with the Caernarvon and Nantile Valley Art Groups. The Caernarvon Institute Building gave her a solo show in 1972, for which she obtained much local press coverage. E D HILL 1900–

Printmaker, painter and draughtsman who studied at Beckenham Centre for Arts and Crafts. She showed at RA Summer Exhibitions, in Kent and was included in Group ’77 Printmakers at Woodlands Art Gallery, 1981. Lived in Beckenham, Kent. Edith HILL fl. from late 1960s–

Painter and illustrator who studied at Waltham Forest and St Martin’s Schools of Art. After working for advertising agencies and commercial studios as a designer and illustrator Hill went self-employed, illustrating many children’s and educational books. He later concentrated on painting, showing at Whiteleys and Battersea Art Fair with Quantum Contemporary art and at Chelsea Art Fair, 2000, with Simpson Fine Art, Old Hemel Hempstead. Frank HILL 1926–

Harriet Mena HILL fl. from late 1980s– Artist who did

a foundation course at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1985, obtaining her honours degree there, 1986–9. She appeared in mixed shows at Intaglio Printmakers, 1989; New Scottish Painters, at Fine Art Society, Glasgow, 1991; and in the same year she was a prizewinner at the Mall Galleries, and tour, in The Discerning Eye. She shared a show at Eagle Gallery, An Open Reality, in 1991, the previous year having had a solo exhibition at Duncan Campbell Fine Art. There was an Eagle


Gallery one-man exhibition, Division & Unity, in Wadhurst in Sussex and St Ives, Cornwall. 2003. Government Art Collection and St John’s Raymond Arthur HILL 1916– Watercolour painter, College, Oxford, hold her work. engraver and designer. Born in Leicester, Hill John HILL 1905–1988 Painter and decorative artist studied art at Tunbridge Wells School of Art, 1933– who was born in Bassett, Hampshire, and educated 6, under its principal E Owen Jennings, then during at Marlborough College. In 1945–6 studied at 1936–40 at the Royal College of Art under Ernest Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts under Tristram. Hill went on to show silverwork designs Lawrence Gowing and Victor Pasmore. Signing at a number of venues, including the Goldsmiths’ his work J H, he showed at LG, Redfern Gallery Hall. He was successively head of Worcester and RA. He was the brother of the painter Derek School of Art, 1947–50, Swindon School of Art, Hill, part of whose huge collection of pictures is 1950–3, then head of industrial design at Liverpool on display at Mottisfont Abbey, the National Trust College of Art, 1953–64. Lived in Liverpool. property in Hampshire formerly owned by Mrs Gilbert Russell. John Hill organised some of the Robert HILL 1932–1990 Painter, draughtsman and decorating schemes for her there. Included among teacher, born in Watford, Hertfordshire, where he Derek’s pictures is John’s small atmospheric gem lived. Hill studied at Watford School of Art and Regent’s Canal at Maida Avenue, Winter. Lived in Royal Academy Schools in 1950s, where he several times won the David Murray Scholarship in London. landscape, plus other awards, teachers including Mary F HILL 1926– Painter and teacher, born in Henry Rushbury, Peter Greenham and Bernard Frampton Cotterell, Gloucestershire. She was Fleetwood-Walker. Went on to teach at Matthew initially educated in Bristol, attending the West of Arnold School in Staines. He was a member of England Art College there under Donald Milner, ROI, UA, NS and NEAC and showed at RA, 1943–7. Lived in Chippenham, Wiltshire, where Woodstock and Beaux Arts Galleries. Nottingham Museum and Art Gallery and several other she taught art at the Grammar School. provincial galleries hold Hill’s work. Oliver HILL 1887–1968 Architect and painter, born in London. Educated at Uppingham School, then Ronn HILL 1933– Artist in oil, watercolour, pen and was self-taught as an artist. Exhibited RA, Royal ink and mixed media, and teacher, born in London. Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and had two He studied at Willesden Technical College and one-man shows at Leicester Galleries. Lived at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art, 1958–65, teachers Sapperton, Gloucestershire. including Jack Merriott, Harry Riley and Patrick Larking. Taught in adult education in Borough of Philip Maurice HILL 1892–1952 Landscape and Ealing, then took on private freelance teaching in marine painter, born in Southampton, who married 1972 in southern English counties, later giving the artist Megan Rhys. After attending Oxford private tuition at Orpheus Studio, Kingston Lisle, University, Hill studied art in London and St Ives, Wantage, in Oxfordshire. Hill was a believer in with which his work was strongly associated. fine draughtsmanship. He belonged to UA and Exhibited RA, NEAC, RBA, Goupil Gallery, UA, SGA and exhibited with RBA and at Paris Salon. SMA and with the St Ives Society of Artists, of Had a series of solo shows. which he was a member. He held several senior positions in the RSMA. Hill’s picture of Polperro Rowland HILL 1919–1979 Painter and draughtsman, was used as a poster by the Great Western Railway. born in Belfast. Went to work at 14, but wishing Alongside his career as an artist Hill worked for to become an artist Hill studied in the evenings at the Chamber of Shipping, of which for a time he Belfast Technical College and at Belfast College was general manager. Lived variously in London, of Art, where his teachers included Fred Allen. At 133

the age of 16 he had three oils hung at the annual exhibition of the Ulster Academy of Arts. He later showed at RHA, in London and widely overseas and held many one-man exhibitions in Belfast. Lived in Jordanstown, County Antrim. Rowland Henry HILL 1873–1952 Painter, black-and-

white artist, born in Halifax, Yorkshire. Studied at Halifax and Bradford Schools of Art, also at the Herkomer School at Bushey and extensively abroad, mainly on the continent. Exhibited RA, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and elsewhere in the provinces. Imperial War Museum and many northern public galleries hold his pictures. Hill was a member of the Staithes Group of painters, who worked in the Staithes and Runswick Bay area of Yorkshire, featured in a series of exhibitions at Phillips & Sons, Marlow. Lived at Hinderwell, Yorkshire.

Society, 1986. A large collection of Hill’s visionary Art Deco drawings is held by Southampton City Art Gallery.

Painter, printmaker and teacher, born in London. Studied at Hornsey School of Art with John Moody and Herbert Budd, 1935– 9, then after World War II in 1946–7. He taught at Prince Henry’s Grammar School, Evesham, Worcestershire, where he lived, showing RI, SGA of which he was a member and at Worcester Corporation Art Gallery. Jan Stanley HILLER 1918–

Henry Gustave HILLER 1864–1946 Versatile stained

glass artist, gesso modeller and painter, who studied at Manchester School of Art under Walter Crane. He exhibited at the Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, where he lived, and elsewhere. Much of Hiller’s work was commissioned, notable examples being a lively painted wood relief of Viking longboats in The Vines public house, Lime Street, Liverpool; stained glass windows in Bradford Town Hall, also St Luke’s, St Barnabas’ and other churches in Liverpool; a glass panel for Manchester Corporation; and heraldic shields for Isle of Man government. Hiller made gesso figures for many churches.

Shareena HILL 1964– Artist who graduated with honours from Trent Polytechnic, Nottingham, 1982–5, attended Chelsea School of Art for her master’s, 1985–6, and won an Elizabeth Greenshields Foundation Award, 1987. Group exhibitions included Small Works, Patricia Knight Gallery, 1987; RA Summer Exhibition, 1988; and East End Open Studios, at Carpenter’s Road, 1989. Had a solo show at The Marriott Rooms in Susan HILLER 1942– Artist in mixed media, teacher, Cheshire, 1987, and lived for a time in south born in America. She studied at Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts, 1957–61, then at London. Tulane University, Louisiana, 1961–5, Vernon HILL 1886–1972 Carver, draughtsman and concentrating on anthropology. She then did field printmaker, born in Halifax, Yorkshire. After Board work in South America, but became disillusioned School, at 13 was apprenticed to lithography at a with this and began painting again, earlier an printing works. Left at 18 hoping to become a optional study. Moved to Europe and settled in teacher at technical school. Won a poster London in 1967 and soon had a solo touring show competition prize and worked with John Hassall; organised by United States Information Service. then for the publisher John Lane; served in Army In 1968 she gained the Karolyi Foundation Award. for three years; and had two exhibitions at Leicester Four years later her exhibition Photography into Galleries, 1924–7. Made carvings for St Joan of Art took place at Camden Arts Centre, and touring. Arc, Farnham, 1930. From 1932–56 worked with Hiller was artist-in-residence at Sussex University Sir Edward Maufe on Guildford Cathedral. Other in 1975, followed in 1976 by solo shows at commissions included Runnymede Memorial, Serpentine Gallery and Gardner Arts Centre at 1952; Church of St Columba, Pont Street, 1954; University of Sussex. In that year, too, Hiller won and Middle Temple, 1955. Was included in the Gulbenkian Foundation Visual Artists’ Award, Sculpture in Britain Between The Wars, Fine Art also in 1977. Many more solo shows followed, 134

including Hester van Royen Gallery; Museum of Modern Art, Oxford; Tate Gallery, Liverpool, retrospective, 1996; in 2000 Hiller’s installation Witness, at The Chapel, 92 Golborne Road, an Artangel project, dealt with alien abduction and Unidentified Flying Objects; and in 2004 her sometimes eerie audio installations sounded through the Baltic, Gateshead. In 1998 Hiller was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship and in 2000 was granted a residency at the Baltic Arts Centre, Gateshead. Having taught at St Martin’s, 1975– 80, and the Slade School, 1980–1, from 1991 Hiller was professor of art in the Department of Fine and Applied Arts at Belfast University. For some of her early working years as an artist Hiller concentrated on a type of performance art, then she also mixed drawing, photography, video, texts, sculpture and painting, sometimes in large installations. The artist said that “as well as potsherds, postcards and dreams are some of the materials used as the starting point for works that look at the repressed or unacknowledged content of our society’s artefacts.” Arts Council, Tate Gallery, Imperial War Museum and many other galleries in Britain and abroad hold her work. Lived in London. David HILLHOUSE 1945– Artist, teacher and curator,

born in Wirral, Cheshire, who worked in watercolour and egg tempera. In the 1960s–1970s he studied at Laird School of Art and Liverpool College of Art. He graduated in 1969 and was elected a member of RCamA in 1979, becoming its vice-president. Hillhouse was a teacher, curator of the Williamson Art Gallery in Birkenhead and principal museums officer for Wirral. He showed with Wirral Society of Arts and Deeside Art Group, both of which he was a member, on Merseyside and elsewhere. Lived at Greasby, Wirral.

Artist and teacher who sculpted, used photographs and text. He was born in Lancaster and studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1964–7, a travel scholarship taking him to America in 1965. Hilliard had his first one-man show at Lisson Gallery in 1971, then often exhibited there. He also appeared in notable

John HILLIARD 1945–

overseas group shows and one-man, venues including Galerie Hetzler & Keller, Stuttgart; John Gibson Gallery, New York; and Musée d’Art Moderne, in Paris. Photographic retrospective, 1969–98, at Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, 1998. Teaching included Rijksakademie, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Arts Council holds a selection of his work. His publications include Analytical Photography, 1977, and From the Northern Counties, 1978.

Creator of threedimensional works in mixed media who studied at Exeter College of Art; she gained a diploma in typographic design for print, with a distinction. Hilliard began to develop her own work while acting as manager of the graphic studio of a busy London newspaper and began showing at Liberty’s. She also worked in Cornwall and in the Scilly Isles as a gardener and florist. Her work had a strong fantasy element and used a rich palette. She designed tapestries, garden rooms and a travelling circus bus. Exhibitions included Bient and Bient, 1988; The Hat Shop, Powys, 1991; and she shared a show at John Davies, Stow-on-the-Wold, 1993. Lived in Cornwall.

Victoria HILLIARD 1960–

Bryn HILLIER 1948– Versatile artist, teacher and art

therapist, born Christine Hillier in Caterham, Surrey, who painted as Chrissie Borland from 1993–6, then as Bryn Hillier. She studied graphic design at Surrey College of Art, 1965–71, then married Les Borland and moved to Birmingham. She graduated with honours in fine art from De Montfort University in 2002, although “I consider myself to be almost entirely self-taught”; and in 2003 completed a teaching qualification. Hillier’s career included Birmingham Libraries, 1972–3, then, after a move to Suffolk, 1973–4, Ipswich Libraries, 1973–4. From 1974–7 Hillier was employed by St Audry’s Psychiatric Hospital as an art therapist; was at St Albans College of Art, 1977–8; being an art therapist at Hollesley Bay Borstal; 1978–81; ran a screenprinting and fabric design business, 1981–93, including a move to Oxfordshire; from 1993 becoming a full-time painter. From 1999 onwards she taught private


groups and individuals and at workshops. Took part in many group shows, including Upstairs Downstairs Gallery, St Albans, from 1995; Merriscourt Gallery, Sarsden, from 1996; New Gallery, Inkberrow, 1997; Canonbury Gallery, Islington, and Derby City Gallery, both 2002; and Singer & Friedlander/Sunday Times Watercolour Competition, Mall Galleries, from 2004. Among her solo exhibitions were The Mill Gallery, Banbury, 1995; Stourport Library, 1996; and Warwick Museum and The Gallery, 54 Shepherd Market, both 2005. At that time she was “influenced by William Nicholson, John Singer Sargent, Thomas Jones, D Y Cameron, Lisa Milroy and Gerhard Richter.” The nature of Hillier’s work and media used were subject to occasional changes, her method being to “adopt a cycle of dedicated research followed by a busy spell of painting.” Hillier lived in Mollington, Banbury, Oxfordshire.

the 1930s he was one of the group of artists who formed Unit One. After he finished his studies until 1940 he travelled widely on the continent, often living alone for several months in Spain, France and Portugal, his scenes of sparsely populated villages or townships under a bleaching sun being developed during the winter months in Somerset. He met Braque and was impressed by the use of black in his pictures and those of Velasquez and some of the Flemish painters; black is a feature of some of Hillier’s still lifes such as Harness (Tate Gallery). His work shares characteristics with that of his friend Edward Wadsworth, with whom he painted abroad. After his first one-man show at the Lefevre Gallery in 1931 Hillier’s work was popular with the picture-buying public and he went on to show widely in Britain and abroad. Elected RA 1967. His autobiography Leda and the Goose was published in 1954. Retrospective show at Worthing Art Gallery in 1960 plus a touring retrospective Graham HILLIER 1946–2006 Landscape painter and which included the RA in the year he died. Lived inspirational teacher whose first focus was on the at East Pennard, Shepton Mallet, Somerset. scenery of east Yorkshire, where he was brought up in Bridlington. To this he was to add meticulous David HILLMAN 1893–1974 Painter, draughtsman views of places seen elsewhere Britain, France and and stained glass artist, born in Latvia. He moved Italy. After studying at Leeds College of Art and to Britain aged 15, the family settling in Glasgow. Newcastle University, Hillier was for a time head In 1909 Hillman won a scholarship to Glasgow of art and graphic design at Branston Community School of Art where he studied for five years, then College in Lincolnshire. He then became a full- from 14 for a further five years at Royal Academy time painter, based in that county and Normandy. Schools. The family moved to London in 1924. Technical thoroughness was a characteristic of His wife was a doctor and they had three sons. paintings comprising many layers of acrylic. A Hillman originally had a studio in St John’s Wood, feature of them was the notion of spiritual later in Hampstead, where he settled. He was destination, such as the pilgrimage sites of mainly a portrait painter, working to commission. Walsingham and Santiago de Compostela. He In the later part of his life he created stained glass favoured places where “Man and Nature live windows in London synagogues, the religious together in a state of grace and harmony.” Hillier themes stemming from his deep knowledge of the held many solo shows, notably with the Francis Bible and Talmud. A group of his works was sold at Bonhams, Knightsbridge, in 2002, including Kyle Gallery. portraits of Dr Solomon Goldman and Rabbi Dr Tristram HILLIER 1905–1983 Painter of landscapes Samuel Atlas, philosophy professor at Hebrew and still life and some religious subjects, his Union College. pictures have a hard-edged clarity and surreal quality while appearing overtly realistic. Born in Peter HILLS 1925– Sculptor in a variety of materials Peking, China, Hillier studied art at the Slade and teacher, born in Bearsted, Kent. He studied at School in 1926 under Henry Tonks, then in Paris Bromley College of Art, 1948–50, Royal Academy under André Lhote and at the Atelier Colarossi. In Schools, 1950–5, then for several years was 136

assistant to the sculptor Maurice Lambert. In 1972 he was Churchill Fellow in Sculpture. He taught art at Tonbridge School, where he had studied, during 1960s–1970s. Hills was a fellow of RBS and a member of the public schools art masters’ 65 Group. Lived in Tonbridge, Kent. Christian HILT: see SZUPER GALLERY

Arthur Cyril HILTON 1897–1960 Self-taught painter

and sculptor, whose work embraced abstract and Surrealist styles, born in Manchester. He served overseas in World War I and was wounded on the Somme, 1916. Worked for Manchester Education Committee as a school registrar and as a librarian at the Committee’s offices. Showed at Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, Manchester City Art Gallery which holds his work, with Manchester Athenaeum Graphic Club, Southport Spring Exhibition and as a member of Manchester’s Society of Modern Painters from the 1930s, being elected chairman in mid-1950s. Had a solo show at Salford Art Gallery and a first one-man exhibition in London at Crane Kalman Gallery, 1959. Lived in Chorltoncum-Hardy, Manchester.

After a short period in Israel and studies at Falmouth College of Art, 1986, Hilton, who described himself as a “professional schizophrenic”, suffered a breakdown and then lived in a hospital near Exeter or at home, where he painted consistently. His greatest passion was poetry. He had several pieces published and in 1989 won an Arthur Koestler Prize. Exhibitions included solo shows at Salthouse Gallery, St Ives, 1998, and Rainyday Gallery, Penzance, 2002.

Matthew HILTON 1948– Artist, notably a printmaker,

born in London, son of the painter Roger Hilton. He spent three years studying photography and film at Bournemouth College of Art, then in 1972 travelled to north of England to live and work with Welfare State Theatre Company. From 1974–85 was a member of the Fire Service, but continued with his own work. He had a show of photographs at Holdsworth Gallery, Hebden Bridge, in West Yorkshire, 1981, another of lino-prints at same gallery in 1982. In 1983 gained a North West Arts printmaking bursary at the Manchester Print Workshop. During the 1980s Hilton continued to show his lino-prints in solo and mixed exhibitions and was artist-in residence, Fieldhead Hospital, Bo HILTON 1961– Artist who gained his master’s Wakefield, in 1987. After a solo show at degree in fine art printmaking at Brighton, 1985– 8, then lived and worked in London and Cornwall, Austin/Desmond Fine Art in 1988 Hilton had where he was a member of the Newlyn Society of another in 1990, the year after he had travelled Artists. Showed from 1993 at Newlyn Orion around the Baltic by ship. Latterly set up studio in Gallery, RA and NEAC and from 1994 at New Norfolk. Grafton Gallery. Frequently exhibited at major Roger HILTON 1911–1975 Figurative and abstract London art fairs. In 1995 had a first solo show at painter and draughtsman, teacher, a key member Cassian de Vere Cole Twentieth Century British of the St Ives art colony in Cornwall and the last Art. His father was the painter Roger Hilton. major painter to settle there. He was born in

Painter and poet producing vibrant figurative and abstract works, son of the artist Roger Hilton and his wife Rose Hilton, with whom he shared an exhibition at Badcock’s Gallery, Newlyn, in 2002. Fergus lived for much of his life in West Penwith, Cornwall. He attended Humphry Davy Grammar School, Penzance, and Penwith VI Form College, obtaining an A-grade A-level in ceramics, then studied English at Westfield College, London, for a year in 1984. Fergus HILTON 1966–

Northwood, Middlesex, the family name being Hildesheim, changed during World War I because of anti-German feeling. Studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1929–31, under Henry Tonks; although he won a Slade Scholarship in 1931 he did not take it up, but during the 1930s studied for periods in Paris, part of the time with Roger Bissière at Académie Ranson. First one-man show was at Bloomsbury Gallery in 1936. During World War II he served in the Army, part of the time as a commando, for about three years being a prisoner


of war after the Dieppe raid of 1942. Was a schoolteacher for a time after the war, also teaching at Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1954–6. His first abstract paintings date from 1950. During the 1950s and 1960s Hilton began to spend more time in west Cornwall, and the landscape there influenced his pictures, which were never to be as entirely abstract again as those of the early 1950s. Hilton took part in numerous group shows in Britain and abroad, winning first prize at John Moores Liverpool Exhibition in 1963. Retrospective exhibition at ICA in 1958, and similarly important shows included Serpentine Gallery in 1974; Graves Art Gallery, and touring, in Sheffield 1980; Leicester Polytechnic Gallery and tour, 1984–5; Hayward Gallery, 1993–4; Tate Gallery St Ives, 1997–8; and Jonathan Clark, 2000; and Belgrave Gallery St Ives, 2001. In 2003 Cross Street Gallery, with Jonathan Clark, showed Drawings from the Estate. Tate St Ives would hold an exhibition of drawings and paintings in 2006– 7 that further surveyed the artist’s career. Alcoholism hindered Hilton’s output; he was confined to bed by illness (he suffered peripheral neuritis) from 1972. Arts Council holds his work. Died at Botallack, Cornwall.

watercolourist and teacher, born in Łodź, Poland; his working name was an abbreviation of Himmelfarb. For about a decade from 1917 he was variously at university in Moscow, Berlin and Bonn and studying graphic art in Leipzig, then returned to Poland. For just over 20 years from the early 1930s he collaborated with Jan Le Witt as a design partnership, moving the business to London in 1937. Lewitt-Him created notable wartime posters and the Festival of Britain clock in 1951. From 1954 Him worked independently, illustrating many children’s books, working on animated films, designing toys and painting landscape watercolours, such as Shikun Petach Tiqvah, in Ben Uri Art Society collection. For eight years from 1969 taught at Leicester Polytechnic. Showed at London College of Printing in 1976 and Ben Uri in 1978. Died in London.

Painter, designer, mixedmedia artist, administrator and teacher, born in Zanzibar, Tanzania, but arrived in England in the year of her birth. Studied theatre design at Wimbledon School of Art, 1973–6, working in theatre and interior design after that. In the early 1980s she was both a part-time teacher and youth worker, obtaining her Master of Arts degree in cultural history at the Royal College of Art, 1982– 4. Organised exhibition at Africa Centre in 1983, which included her own work and that by other women of Afro-Caribbean or African descent, in which “their anger shines through”, she said. Himid’s work had a multi-pronged polemical content, satirising white society, poking fun at society’s heroes and celebrating black creativity. Showed widely in mixed exhibitions, including The Other Story, Hayward Gallery, 1989–90, and tour; and Picturing Blackness, at Tate Gallery, which holds her work, 1995–6. Showed Images of Porthmeor Beach at Tate St Ives as artist-inresidence, 1999. Arts Council and Rochdale Art Gallery also have examples. In 1986 Himid opened her own gallery, The Elbow Room.

Lubaina HIMID 1954–

Painter, born in Kent. After initial training at Beckenham School of Art she went on to study at Royal College of Art, 1954– 7. From there travelled to Rome for a year on an Abbey Minor Scholarship. Back in England she met and married the painter Roger Hilton and they moved to Botallack, Cornwall. She then brought up her children and looked after her husband during his long illness, but painted little herself. After Roger’s death she resumed painting and took drawing lessons in the mid-1980s from Cecil Collins. Her exhibitions included Newlyn Orion Gallery, 1977 and 1987; Michael Parkin Gallery, 1988; Oxford Gallery, 1989; David Messum, 1991; and North Light Gallery, Huddersfield, 2002. In that year she showed at Badcocks Gallery, Newlyn, with one of her sons, Fergus. She was a richly Frederick HINCHLIFF 1894–1962 Painter and teacher, colourful painter of people and interiors. born in Queensland, Australia, as George Frederick George (Jerzy) HIM 1900–1982 Designer, illustrator, Hinchliff. After studying at Huddersfield Technical Rose HILTON 1931–


College he attended the School of Art there and Royal College of Art. He held a series of art teaching posts in Leicester, Sheffield, Batley and Guildford, from 1936–60 being principal of Croydon School of Art. Exhibited at RA, NEAC and widely in the provinces. Hinchliff was involved in the restoration of St Stephen’s Chapel in the Palace of Westminster, was noted for his murals and was active in art circles in Croydon, Surrey, where he lived.

Yvonne HINDLE 1963– Painter and teacher who studied at Newcastle upon Tyne Polytechnic, 1981– 4, and Royal College of Art, 1985–7. She gained the Audun Gallery Prize and Painters and Stainers’ Cyril Sweet Award, both 1987, and obtained a fellowship in painting at Cheltenham School of Art, Cheltenham, Cheltenham & Gloucester College of Higher Education. In 1993 became acting head of painting at University of Northumbria, Newcastle. Mixed shows included Whitechapel Open Part I, Spitalfields Gallery, Arthur Mayger HIND 1880–1957 Art historian, curator 1992, and Aiding and Abetting, The Gallery at John and watercolour painter. Born at Burton upon Trent, Jones, 1994. Staffordshire, he studied at Cambridge University. Entered British Museum in 1903, being keeper of Edward HINES 1906–1975 Artist and businessman, prints and drawings 1933–45. He was Slade born and lived in Norwich, Norfolk, where he Professor of Fine Art at Oxford, 1921–7. Published became a director of the family engineering a number of scholarly works on prints. Exhibited business. He began painting after World War II RA, Agnew, Goupil Gallery, NEAC and and from 1950 was a regular exhibitor at the ROI. Colnaghi’s. Work held by Ashmolean Museum, Hines exhibited with the Norfolk & Norwich Art Oxford, Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield, and galleries Circle, of which be became chairman. His daughter, abroad. Lived in Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire. Judy Hines, for 10 years on the staff of the art department at the Norwich Castle Museum and Albert HINDLE 1888– Painter and draughtsman, born from 1973 a Norfolk picture dealer latterly based in Accrington, Lancashire. He studied at the School at Holt, succeeded her father as Art Circle chairman of Art there, Royal College of Art, 1910–12 and in the late 1970s. Académie Julian, Paris, 1912–13. Showed at RA, ROI, UA, NS, NEAC and elsewhere. Lived in Brian HINTON 1938– Artist and teacher, born in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey. London and educated in Norfolk, who gained a scholarship to the Cambridge School of Art. During Mike HINDLE 1966– Painter of luminous, richly the 1960s and 1970s Hinton exhibited at the RA coloured sea and beach scenes who was born in Summer Exhibition, Paris Salon, in national Norwich, Norfolk. He did an art and design exhibitions, winning an award from Hesketh foundation course at Hastings College of Arts and Hubbard Art Society, and had solo shows. He also Technology, 1985–6, graduating with honours in worked as a graphic artist and cartoonist for the fine art, printmaking, from West Surrey College Eastern Daily Press and “taught as a last resort”. of Art & Design, Farnham, 1986–9. Mixed shows Travelled extensively in Europe and the Near East, included the Maltings, Farnham, 1989; The in such venues as jazz clubs and hotels committing Orangery, Knightsbridge, 1990; Wolf at the Door, to memory the people he saw. They were depicted Penzance, 1995; Beside the Wave, Falmouth, from wittily in a solo exhibition at The Catto Gallery in 1998; and Innocent Fine Art, Bristol, from 2000. 2000. Among his later solo shows were Innocent Fine Art, 2001, and Great Atlantic Map Works, St Just- Kay HINWOOD 1920– Painter who was born and in-Penwith, 2003, accompanied by Hindle’s book lived in Bromley, Kent. She studied with Sonia Godrevy. The Island Hotel, Tresco, holds Hindle’s Mervyn as a private student; at City and Guilds of London Art School; then at Kathleen Browne work. Painting School with Browne and her husband 139

Marian Kratochwil. She was a member of UA and American Visionary Arts Museum, Baltimore; PS, also exhibiting at SWA, RP and ROI. Aldrich Museum, Connecticut; Museum of Modern Art, Kilmainham, Ireland; and MAC Roger HIORNS 1975– Artist, born in Birmingham, Gallery, Birmingham. who did a fine art foundation course at Bournville College, Birmingham, 1991–3, his master’s at Percy HIPKISS 1912– Painter and designer, born in Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1996. He was Blackheath, Birmingham, educated locally. He was included in the Neurotic Realism series of a member of RBSA, Birmingham Watercolour exhibitions launched by Saatchi Gallery in 1999, Society and Dudley Society of Artists. Warwick Saatchi Collection holding his work. Hiorns’ output Central Museum and Art Gallery, Dudley, holds included depictions of the Chartres and Notre his work, which included jewellery design. Lived Dame cathedrals, card constructions with cobalt in Warley, West Midlands. and chemical growth embellishments. In 2003, Hiorns’ dramatic work Vauxhall, comprising a steel Susan HIPPE 1966– Artist, born in Johannesburg, grating and a flame, was displayed in Tate Britain’s South Africa, who was included in Corpus Fine Art’s 2005 Arndean Gallery exhibition Hard sculpture court. Lived in London. Bodies. In 1995 she gained her baccalauréat with Roland HIPKINS 1895–1951 Painter, notably of distinction in France, having been educated there landscapes, born in Bilston, Staffordshire, where and in Denmark and Germany; was from 1995–9 he attended the School of Art, then the Royal an art student at universities in France and London; College of Art, 1919–22. Hipkins went on to make in 1999 graduating with an arts honours degree his career in New Zealand, where he taught at the from Roehampton Institute, University of Surrey. Teachers’ College, Wellington, 1931–49. He was Her degree work, a mixed-media spiral, was placed prominent in the art world there, being a member in Charing Cross Hospital, and she also carried out of the council of the New Zealand Academy of private commissions elsewhere in the United Fine Arts. Exhibited RBSA and extensively in New Kingdom, Germany and France. Hippe Zealand, where his work is in several collections, (pronounced Hipper) wrote: “I am primarily including Auckland Art Gallery. Lived in concerned with movement. In a way, the act of drawing is choreographic; a drawn line is both a Wellington. graphic entity and a physical movement that is at Chris HIPKISS 1964– Draughtsman, notable for once spontaneous and precise, accomplished in large, monochrome, fantastic cityscapes, as shown one continuous movement. The pen hits the surface in Outsiders & Co at England and Co, 1996. That running and leaves it in the same fashion. My gallery gave him solo exhibitions in 2000 and 2002. drawings consist of many such lines and Hipkiss left school at 16 to be apprenticed to his movements”. Hippe was a member of SGA and father’s joinery business and began to draw took part in group shows in Britain and abroad, seriously, creating his own Utopia on paper. latterly including Drawing, the End of the Line, Eventually gave up joinery and moved to a Kent Centre Culturel Jean Lurçat, Saint-Lo, France, and village where he continued with his drawing, began the Royal College of Art Secret 2003, both in 2003, an environment group and planted trees and in the and the Liverpool Biennial and Pink Week, late 1990s completed a geography degree. Working Graham’s Fine Art Gallery, both 2004. Among later on a large roll of cartridge paper he sometimes solo exhibitions were A&D Gallery, 2002; A day needed to use the village hall as a studio and drew without fun is a day lost forever, Space Gallery, inspiration from his travels, television and “stray 2003; and Patrizia Estatements, Munich, Germany, thoughts”. From 1995, Hipkiss exhibited widely 2005. Hippe lived in Erith, Kent. in Europe and America, including the New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York; The John S HIRD 1885– Painter, born in Ambleside, 140

Westmorland. Studied at Oxford and Bordeaux and Edinburgh, from mid-1980s. Hirst also Universities, an educationist, in art largely self- illustrated for private press books, including the taught, he also painted for periods under several work of C Day Lewis, Roy Fuller and R S Thomas. teachers including Ian Grant and Brian Bradshaw. British Council, Contemporary Art Society and Showed mainly in the Lakes and Yorkshire areas, provincial British and foreign galleries hold his where he was a member of Kendal Art Society and work. Bradford Arts Club. Sometimes signed work Damien HIRST 1965– Artist, born in Yorkshire, who Stalker Hird. Settled in Ambleside. attended Jacob Kramer College of Art, Leeds, 1983–4, then Goldsmiths’ College, 1986–9. His Stalker HIRD: see John S HIRD group show appearances included Whitworth Christine HIRSCH 1947– Painter whose work was Young Contemporaries, Manchester, 1987; Freeze, “predominantly figurative, oil or acrylic on canvas at PLA Building, 1988; New Contemporaries, at or board, and primarily concerned with women’s ICA, 1989; and Modern Medicine and Gambler, issues.” Hirsch was born in Eastbourne, Sussex, both at Building One, 1990. In 1994 Hirst curated and studied at St Albans School of Art & Design, Some Went Mad, Some Ran Away at the Serpentine 1989–92, gaining an honours degree at the Gallery, by which time he had become famous, in University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, 1992–5, the the words of critic Andrew Graham-Dixon, as the visiting tutor Susan Wilson being a particular “virtuoso of dead animals and flies, the man who influence. From 1976–99 Hirsch worked in public sold Charles Saatchi a tiger shark suspended in sector housing. She was a friend of the Foundation formaldehyde”, for the Saatchi Collection. Hirst’s for Women’s Art and a member of Five Women winning entry for the Turner Prize, 1995, Mother Artists Plus, being included in Five Women Artists and Child Divided, showed a cow and calf bisected Plus – Women Working Together, by Brenda Brin longitudinally and presented in a glass case. It was Booker and Joan Thewsey, 2000. As well as many said to explore the themes of mortality and group shows, including Mayfair Arts Festival, isolation. Hirst also exhibited two of his spot 2000, and Covent Garden Festival, 2001, Hirsch paintings, white canvases covered with a slightly had a solo exhibition at Heifer Gallery in 2002. irregular grid of coloured circles. In 1996 BBC 2 Lived in London. Television showed Hanging Around, a dark comedy written and directed by Hirst. Other Barry HIRST 1934– Painter, illustrator, designer and teacher, born in Padstow, Cornwall. He attended diversifications included the setting up of a record Alleyn’s School, Dulwich, then was at Camberwell label, Turtleneck, which recorded the 1998 World School of Arts and Crafts 1950–2, studying and Cup song Vindaloo, by Fat Les; providing designs teaching there, 1954–6. After a period of two years for, Pharmacy, one of his two London restaurants at Slade School of Fine Art, from 1958–9 Hirst (the other being Quo Vadis); a £1m publishing was a freelance designer with Le Comet and project, with Canongate Books, in which Hirst Berthon Muchler, Animated Films, Paris, and designed a limited edition of Robert Sabbag’s 1976 Silver Pine Potteries in London. After teaching at cult classic Snowblind, about an American cocaine Watford, Croydon, Heatherley’s and Chelsea dealer; and the creation in 2002 of one of his Schools of Art, 1959–71, Hirst became head of the coloured dot paintings, to be used in the Beagle 2 School of Art and Design, Sunderland Polytechnic. Mars space shot. Later solo exhibitions included Hirst participated in many group shows from the Gagosian Gallery, New York, America, 2000, and late 1950s in Britain and abroad, having two solo a retrospective at The Saatchi Gallery and shows exhibitions in 1965 at Hanover Gallery and Stone at White Cube, all 2003. From the Cradle to the Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne. Later shows Grave: Selected Drawings by Damien Hirst included several with Mercury Gallery, in London appeared in 2004. Hirst had headquarters in 141

London but lived in Devon. In 2005 Hirst bought the 124-acre Toddington Manor Estate, in Gloucestershire, including a Grade 1-listed, 300room mansion which had stood empty for 20 years, aiming to create a museum to house his own work.

was also important. Took part in numerous exhibitions internationally. Later solo shows included Flowers East, 1995 and 1999, and Flowers West, Santa Monica, California, 2001. Arts Council, Contemporary Art Society, Tate Gallery, Victoria & Albert Museum and many other British Derek HIRST 1930–2006 Painter and teacher, born and foreign collections hold examples. Lived in in Doncaster, Yorkshire, where he attended the Chichester, Sussex. local School of Art, 1946–8. He then studied at Royal College of Art, 1948–51, after that for 25 Nicky HIRST 1963– Versatile artist working in a wide years teaching widely in London. In the early 1970s range of media who between the ages of two and Hirst also taught at Philadelphia College of Art seven lived in Kenya, then moved to Leeds, and York University, Toronto, from 1976–87 being eventually taking a foundation course there at Jacob principal lecturer in painting at Kingston Kramer College. She graduated in fine art at Polytechnic. Hirst was artist-in-residence at Sussex Maidstone College of Art, 1982–5, gaining her University in 1966, five years after his first one- master’s in art and architecture at Kent Institute of man show, at Drian Galleries. Other solo shows Art and Design, Canterbury, 1993–4. Hirst was an included Sussex University, the Towner Art Gallery Artist in Research, funded by the Institute of in Eastbourne and a retrospective at Angela International Visual Arts and worked with a number Flowers Gallery in 1979. Hirst was a serious artist of architects. In 1997 she was on the design team whose work, moving in appearance from naïve to rebuild the Hippodrome Theatre, also working figuration towards abstraction over the years, had at the University of Central England, both in a number of preoccupations, travel being Birmingham; from 1997 was artist on the design important. On graduating in 1951, he destroyed all team to rebuild a unit of the Royal Free Hospital; his student work apart from a small self-portrait. and in 1998 worked at J D Wetherspoon, West Instead of visiting major galleries, he studied Bromwich. Took part in many group exhibitions, exhibits in the Natural History and Science later solo shows including a Henry Moore Museums. In the early 1950s he journeyed through Fellowship Exhibition, Byam Shaw School of Art, France to Spain and was much influenced by the and Anthony Wilkinson Gallery, both 2000. Arts Lascaux cave paintings, discovered Catalonia and Council; Saatchi Collection; Sheffield City Art for the next two decades spent part of each year Gallery; Bradford, Doncaster, and Hammersmith there. In 1964 he studied Islamic architecture in and Fulham Councils; and corporate collections Morocco, evident in paintings he then produced, hold Hirst’s work. while the landscape of his native Yorkshire remained important. Native American art, seen Norman HIRST 1862–1956 Printmaker and painter, while teaching in Toronto, spawned some of Hirst’s born in Liverpool, who in 1885 took up a two-year most impressive heraldic images. Cancer of the scholarship at Herkomer’s School in Bushey, where bladder, diagnosed in the mid-1970s and followed he remained until 1895. Later lived on the south by debilitating surgery, was a serious mid-career coast, notably at Seaford, Sussex. While in Bushey interruption. A visit to the Far East in 1985 next Hirst learned his engraving and mezzotint skills at prompted some fine pictures, notably the Garden the fine art printing studios of H T Cox, and after Metaphor Kyoto series. The landscape around he moved he continued to use the studios for Church Norton, near Pagham Harbour, produced mezzotinting, at which he was an expert. His paintings by Hirst at his most self-critical, version reputation was mainly as a mezzotint engraver of upon version being rejected before the final image. works by Gainsborough, Lawrence, Watteau and A series made in Andalusia from the mid-1990s Romney, and in 1917 he was called as an expert witness in a notable court case in which an 142

attribution was disputed. (Hirst’s opinion that the work was not by Romney was eventually borne out.) Hirst was made an associate of the RE in 1931. Frost & Reed published his works Sea Melodies and Capture and Agnew The Mall and Gamme d’Amour. Showed extensively at RA, also at Fine Art Society, Abbey Gallery and RI, but a lack of interest in original mezzotints after World War II prompted Hirst’s executors to burn most of his studio collection. Some of what remained was exhibited in Three Bushey Artists by the Bushey Museum Trust in 1991. Watercolourist, born and lived in Oxford, where she was educated. Studied at the Ruskin School of Art there and with Sydney Carline. Exhibited RI, SWA and Oxford Art Society, of which she was a member, 1935– 77.

Vivien HISLOP 1926– Landscape artist in pen and wash, fashion artist, illustrator and journalist. Daughter of the artists Andrew Healey Hislop and Margaret Hislop, she was born in Edinburgh. Studied at the University there and the College of Art, 1944–8, under her father, William Gillies and Joan Hassall. Did a great deal of journalistic work, including periods on the London Evening News and the Daily Mail. Showed at SSA and RSA. Sometimes signed work Vivien H or just with initials. Lived in Sutton, Surrey.

Frederick Brook HITCH 1877–1957 Sculptor, notably

of memorials. Born in London, the son of the sculptor Nathaniel Hitch, he studied at the Royal Academy Schools. Notable among his works are the statue of Captain Matthew Flinders and the Sir Ross Smith memorial, both erected in Adelaide, South Australia (and illustrated in the volume RBS: Modern British Sculpture, published in 1939), a Simon HISCOCK 1960– Painter of enigmatic statue of Charles Wesley in Bristol and one of abstracts, and teacher, born in London, who studied Admiral Horatio Nelson, in Portsmouth. Was a at Byam Shaw School of Art, lecturing at fellow of the RBS. Lived in Hertford, Lewisham College, 1990–2. Group shows included Hertfordshire. Brixton Art Gallery, 1985; East End Open Studios from 1987; Triangle Artists’ Workshop in New Harold HITCHCOCK 1914– Painter in watercolour York and St James’ Gallery, both 1990; and Royal and gouache, born in London as Raymond Over-Seas League Open from 1994. Hitchcock, whose pictures are of a visionary nature and have been called “the visual embodiment of Andrew Healey HISLOP 1887–1954 Painter, Jung’s philosophy”. Financial problems prompted printmaker and artist in black-and-white. Born in Hitchcock’s parents to send the children to live Edinburgh, he studied at the College of Art there, with the maternal grandparents in Thundersley, 1908–13, in his final year going on to the British Essex, where in a cultured environment he began School in Rome. For many years taught at his old to paint at the age of nine. At Thundersley he had College and became president of the SSA. Married a vision “of harmony and well-being and peace” to the artist Margaret Hislop; the artist Vivien which influenced his subsequent development, his Hislop was their daughter. Exhibited RSA, SSA painting being an attempt to recapture this. Back and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Lived in London aged 13 he began painting imaginary in Edinburgh where he was a member of the Arts natural landscapes. His work was seen by the Club. painter Laura Knight and he was called a child prodigy, but he entered a long period doing Margaret HISLOP 1894–1972 Painter in oil who was married to the artist Andrew Healey Hislop. Studied commercial artwork – broken by service during at Edinburgh College of Art and exhibited at RSA, World War II as a non-combatant, volunteering for RA, RSW and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine bomb disposal – which often left him depressed. Arts. Glasgow Museum and Art Galleries bought For years was plagued by trigeminal neuralgia until surgery in 1958 cured this. In 1947 had first public her work. Lived in Edinburgh. showing of his work at the International Art Centre; Jeannette HISCOCK 1895–c.1977


by 1964 was able to give up commercial work; in 1965 had an exhibition at Woburn Abbey, his picture The Mill being purchased for the Lidice Memorial Museum, Czechoslovakia; and in 1967 had first major retrospective at RI galleries. Had a successful tour of America in 1969. Hitchcock’s pictures owe much to those of Claude Lorrain and J M W Turner, being idealised, light-drenched landscapes peopled with mysterious figures. Essentially self-taught, he employed a form of automatism as advocated by André Breton. Hitchcock’s joining the Subud Brotherhood, a religious-type group, in 1960 was a profound influence. Lived in Ugborough, Devon. Malcolm John HITCHCOCK 1929–1998 Artist in oil,

oil over egg tempera, gouache and pen and wash, born in Salisbury, Wiltshire. He studied at Andover School of Art, then did “a variety of work to keep the wolf from the door,” becoming a full-time artist in mid-1980s. His main works were Pointillist railway paintings in oil and semi-abstract, mixed media nudes. Hitchcock was a member of RWA. He also exhibited at RA and Paris Salon and in the provinces; his solo shows included Bramante Gallery, Ashgate Gallery in Farnham and Hiscock Gallery in Southsea. Reading Museum and Art Gallery holds his work. Lived in Padworth Common, Reading, Berkshire.

Raymond HITCHCOCK 1922–1992 Artist and writer, born in Calcutta, India, son of a professional soldier. Was educated partly at Denston College, Staffordshire, then in 1939 went to Cambridge University. Army service interrupted his education, but he returned to Cambridge to gain a degree in mechanical sciences, then joined Cable and Wireless. From the mid-1950s Hitchcock began to paint in oils, at first Surrealistic Biblical and autobiographical works, by the 1960s abstracts. Through that decade he showed often in London and Oxford. As a writer he made his name with the 1969 novel Percy, a satire on transplant surgery, which was successfully filmed two years later. Nine more published novels and some television and radio plays followed. Hitchcock’s paintings of the 1970s and 1980s returned to narrative

themes. He drew for Tatler and Punch. A retrospective exhibition of Hitchcock’s work was held at Guildhall Gallery, Winchester, where he lived, in 1992. Painter and teacher who studied at Hornsey School of Art, after attending London University, his teachers being Adrian Hill and John Charles Moody. Exhibited ROI, RBA, NEAC and RA. Lived in Enfield, Middlesex. Hitchcock was involved in the design of his house including a series of stained glass windows, some abstract, which remained intact after his death. Theodore HITCHCOCK 1892–

Painter in oil of landscapes, flowers, decorative pictures and figures. Born in London, the son of the painter Alfred Hitchens; Sydney Ivon Hitchens was father of the painter John Hitchens. After education at Bedales, Ivon Hitchens studied art at St John’s Wood and the Royal Academy Schools, where he was influenced by John Singer Sargent and William Orpen, although this is not readily apparent in his mature work. Later notable influences were the French Post-Impressionists Cézanne, Braque and Matisse. Hitchens had his first one-man show at the Mayor Gallery in 1925, later showing at Tooth’s, the Lefevre and Leicester Galleries. He was a member of a number of forward-looking groups before World War II, including the 7 & 5 Society, London Artists’ Association and LG. He moved to Sussex from London in 1940 and gradually became famous for his long, rural scenes which used bold, sweeping brushstrokes, increasingly bright colours and edged gradually towards abstraction. Waterfall, Terwick Mill, of 1945, and Winter Walk, No. 4, of 1948, are typical of his landscapes at their best. Hitchens completed a number of notable murals, at Cecil Sharp House, London, and for several universities. He is widely represented in public galleries around the world, including the Tate Gallery. There were several retrospective exhibitions during his lifetime and one at the Serpentine Gallery, 1989. Robert Sandelson held a Hitchens show in 2003. Ivon Hitchens Nudes, at Jonathan Clark Fine Art in Ivon HITCHENS 1893–1979


2005, was accompanied by a fine illustrated catalogue with a perceptive introduction by his biographer Peter Khoroche. Lived at Petworth, Sussex.

Painter in oil, son of the artist Ivon Hitchens and grandson of the painter Alfred Hitchens. John Hitchens’ landscapes and flower paintings were similar to his father’s, with their broad strokes of paint and rich colours. After Bedales School Hitchens attended Bath Academy of Art. He showed from the 1960s, having a solo show at Marjorie Parr Gallery, 1964. Exhibited there until 1976, showing from 1967–71 with Ditchling Gallery; 1967–82 with David Paul Gallery, Chichester; and 1977–9 with Gilbert Parr Gallery. Later solo shows included a series with Montpelier Studio from 1983 and one at Davies Memorial Gallery, Newtown, 1987. Louise Kosman, Edinburgh, held one in 2003. In 1979 West Sussex Education Committee commissioned a huge mural, A Landscape Symphony, from Hitchens, who was born in the county, settling at Byworth, Petworth. His work is held by many other collections, including public galleries in Brighton, Bradford and Hull. John HITCHENS 1940–

Gallery at Art99 in the Business Design Centre, and in Hitchens: Three Generations, at The Canon Gallery, Petworth, 2004. Hitchens’ work is owned by The Hiscox Group. Lived and worked in London.

Sculptor in stone, draughtsman and teacher who studied at Liverpool Polytechnic, 1972–6, under Séan Rice, gaining his master’s degree at Manchester Polytechnic, 1976– 7. He went on to teach sculpture at several colleges, including Wirral Metropolitan College. Hitchin said that his sculpture was “initially evolved from the human form, being derived from a variety of experiences, observations and sources”, as in Girl’s Head, included in Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, 1986–7 touring show Merseyside Artists 3. Hitchin showed with Liverpool Academy as a member in 1980, MAFA in 1982 and RA. Had a solo show at Atkinson Art Gallery in Southport, 1981, and shared ones at Liverpool University Senate House, 1986, and The Gallery in Cork Street, 2000. Commissions included Unilever Research, Port Sunlight; Coventry City Council; North British Housing; the Women’s Hospital and Neptune Development, both in Liverpool; and Nelson Thomlinson School, Wigton. In 1978 he gained a Simon HITCHENS 1967– Sculptor producing abstract Merseyside Arts Association Award. Lived in forms from stone and other media, son of the Higher Bebington, Wirral, Merseyside. painter John Hitchens and grandson of Ivon Hitchens. Simon studied at West Surrey College Katrine HJELDE 1967– Norwegian painter and siteof Art & Design, 1985–6, then gained an honours specific installation artist whose work explored degree at Bristol Polytechnic’s faculty of art and architectural and conceptual space. She studied at design, 1987–90. He was assistant to the sculptors the University of Oslo’s faculty of arts, 1986–9; Peter Randall-Page, 1990, and Anish Kapoor, did a foundation course at Askec Kunstskole, 1993–6. Group exhibitions included LG Open from 1988–90; gained a fine art honours degree at 1992; Galerie de L’Avancon, Bex, Switzerland, Central St Martins College of Art & Design, 1990– 1993; Hannah Peschar, Surrey, and Contemporary 3; then her master’s in fine art (painting) at Slade Art Society, both from 1994; and Eight by Eight School of Fine Art, 1993–5. Exhibited at the at Pallant House, Chichester, 1997. He was selected Tannery, Cubitt Gallery and in the 1998 by the British Council for sculpture symposiums Whitechapel Open at Whitechapel Art Gallery. In in Slovakia, 1994, and Colombia, 1996, and was 1999 she was commissioned by the Institute of made an associate of RBS, 1997. There was a International Visual Arts to develop new work for family tradition of attendance at Bedales School. the Internet, to be produced for its website X-Space, Simon, born in Sussex, was educated there, 1978– collaborating with a web designer at Interchange 85. He was included in the 1999 exhibition Bedales Studios. Art & Design, organised by William Jackson Stephen HITCHIN 1953–


Ting-Fay HO fl. from early 1980s– Abstract artist whose

greatest sources of inspiration were Western classical music and Eastern calligraphy. She was born in Hong Kong and studied at Chelsea and Central St Martins Colleges of Art and Design. Group exhibitions included Drian Galleries, 1983; Warwick Arts Trust, from 1986; The East-West Connection, Oval House Gallery, 1988; Galeria Lieco Recreo, Orense, Spain, 1993; and Journeys West, University of Essex touring show, 1995. Had a solo exhibition at Fulham Library, 1982, others including Centre 181 Gallery, 1986.

Spiritual and reclusive landscape and figure painter and teacher, born in Fife, father Irish, mother Anglo-Scots. He obtained a county scholarship to Winchester School of Art, 1941–3. From 1948–58 Hoad was a visiting lecturer at Camberwell School of Art, studying painting in London, Paris and Amsterdam, from 1958–67 teaching drawing and painting at Frank Hooker Secondary Modern School, Canterbury. After marrying in 1962, he moved to rural Wales to paint, in 1981 going to County Donegal, Ireland, settling at Inver. Between 1994–9 he made annual visits, lasting several months, to paint in Tunisia. Gorry Gallery, Dublin, gave him shows in 1991 and 1994 and a retrospective in 2001. Hoad’s wife Judith was a writer, author of This is Donegal Tweed, 1987, Healing with Herbs, 1996, and Need or Greed, 1999. Jeremiah HOAD 1924–1999

Mary HOAD 1908– Prolific artist and teacher, born

NEAC, AIA and SEA and with Piccadilly, Leicester, Cooling and Goupil Galleries and Brighton City Art Gallery. In 1968 she shared an exhibition with Michael Evans and Leslie Summers at The Gordon Maynard Gallery, Welwyn Garden City. Education committees bought her work, private collectors including Sir John Newsome and Sir Michael Sadler. Harold Frank HOAR: see Acanthus

Artist and teacher, husband of the painter Elizabeth Jane Lloyd, father of the artist TessAnna Hoare. He was born in Ampleforth, Yorkshire, and studied at Chelsea School of Art; art education and philosophy at University of Wales, Swansea; printmaking for a year at Royal College of Art; then educational television, mime with Ronald Wilson, and modern dance with Rosemary Butcher, Riverside Studios. Hoare did wide-ranging teaching, including Central St Martins School of Art & Design; Aegean School of Art, Kos, Greece, which he initiated in 1985; the drama department, University of Bristol; Camberwell School of Art; and in America. He did performance work in Britain, America, Yugoslavia and Canada, in 1991 being designer, Royal Opera House, Carnival of the Birds. Awards included Granada Fellowship, Lancaster University, 1969– 70; British Council Grant, Yugoslavia, 1980; and an Arts Council Grant, 1984. As well as many group shows had numerous solo exhibitions internationally, later ones including Falcon Gallery, Stockholm, Sweden, and Emmanuel College, Cambridge, both 1992. In 1999 he shared a show with TessAnna at Gallery 27, his highly coloured, Expressionist views “formed by the sea’s movements against the surface of the painting; there is a definite precision created by the changes of tide and light in relation to the artist’s precise posture (Alexander Technique). The drying process is a dynamic influence”. Hoare’s solo exhibition An Indian Experience was at The Nehru Centre, 8 South Audley Street, in 2005. He lived in London.

Jeff HOARE 1923–

in Beckenham, Kent, where she studied at St Christopher’s School. She attended Beckenham Art School, 1925–7, and Chelsea Art School, 1927– 9; held various teaching posts, 1929–48; then studied at Guildford School of Art for two terms, 1946. She was art adviser to the Hertfordshire Education Committee, 1948–51, and principal of St Albans School of Art, 1951–67, also undertaking extensive institute of education and university external examination work and lecturing to teachers for the Ministry of Education, National Union of Teachers, London County Council, many education committees and for the British Council Michael HOARE 1928– Painter, muralist, illustrator on two visits to Cyprus. She showed with the LG, and teacher. He qualified in fine arts at Croydon 146

College of Art in 1950 and then went to study theatre design at Old Vic Theatre School. He worked in the theatre in England and Australia, taught widely, illustrated books and record sleeves and painted a number of murals, notably at All Saints, Cleadon, County Durham. In 1969 he settled in France, in a remote village in the southwest. As well as showing in France, Hoare had several shows with Sue Rankin Gallery from 1990. National Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, holds his work. Degas, Corot, Millet and Rembrandt were admired painters. Marjorie HOARE fl. from late 1920s–1953 Watercolour

painter and draughtsman. After private education she studied at the Slade School of Fine Art under Henry Tonks, 1927, then in Sussex with Franklin White. Exhibited RA, NEAC, RHA, Goupil Gallery and in the provinces. Lived at Barcombe, Sussex.

Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Ipswich, Suffolk, who did a foundation course at the Cambridge College of Art and Technology, 1986–7, gaining a fine art honours degree at Kent Institute of Art and Design, Canterbury, 1987–90, in 1992–3 obtaining a postgraduate diploma at Cyprus College of Art. Teaching included Royal Blind School, 1991; voluntary classes at Botosani, Romania, 1995; and leading drawing workshops in Brazil, 1997–8. Completed pilgrimages to Santiago de Compostela, Spain, 1992, and Canterbury, 1996. Among his mixed shows were Postcard Exhibition, Collective Gallery, Edinburgh, 1991; Goria Gallery, Nicosia, and Ten Young Painters, John Martin, both 1994; Dorset Art Week, 2000; and The Landscape in Winter, Salisbury Playhouse, 2003. Later solo exhibitions included Salisbury Library and Galleries and 54 The Gallery, Mayfair, both 2002. He lived in Shaftesbury, Dorset. Richard HOARE 1967–

TessAnna HOARE 1963– Versatile, exuberant artist, born and lived in London, daughter of the painters Jeff Hoare and Elizabeth Jane Lloyd. She studied at Camberwell School of Art, City & Guilds of London Art School and Goldsmiths’ College

School of Art. She was commissioned to draw over 50 twentieth-century buildings, some exhibited at RA and the Building Centre; work appeared in the films Wings of a Dove, Twelfth Night and Four Weddings and a Funeral; did window displays for Jigsaw, Agnes B and Dinny Hall; started a company making weathervanes that the London Evening Standard said “brightened London’s skyline”; and in 1986 organised the first London Art Auction for Aids. In 1999 she shared a show with her father at Gallery 27.

John HOBART 1922– Self-taught artist working in various media, born in London. He was “a Sunday painter from the 1950s, full-time since 1982”. Hobart graduated in natural science at University College. He was visiting professor of forest entomology at University of British Columbia, Vancouver, 1972–3, then head of the school of animal biology and dean of the science faculty at University College of North Wales, Bangor, of which he was a fellow. It holds his work. Peter Lanyon, Roger Hilton, William Scott and Kurt Schwitters were influences. Hobart was a vicepresident of RCamA. He showed with NWG, Newlyn Orion Gallery, Penwith Society of Arts of which he was an associate and elsewhere. He had a solo show at Bangor Gallery. Lived at Ludgvan, Penzance, Cornwall. Charles HOBBIS 1880–1977 Silversmith, metalworker, all-round craftsman, teacher and watercolourist. He was born in Sheffield, studying at the School of Art there 1893–1902; he won a Queen’s Prize, four King’s Prizes, a bronze medal and in 1902 a gold medal for which he was awarded a Royal Exhibition to study design at the Royal College of Art. Was at the Royal College, 1902– 7, under W R Lethaby and made a special study of silversmithing and metalwork with Henry Wilson, called “the most outstanding metalworker of his time”. Hobbis also trained in heraldry and lettering under Edward Johnston. In 1919 appointed headmaster of Norwich School of Art, where he remained until 1946. His tenure was celebrated by a special exhibition in 1974. Hobbis was remembered as a perfectionist, although he


did not encourage study of the modern movement in art. Showed at RA and in Norfolk, the Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery holding his work. Lived in Norwich.

Annie Giles HOBBS 1949– Artist, teacher and administrator, born and lived in Cardiff, who gained an honours degree in fine art from University of Wales Institute there, 1992, qualifying as a teacher in 1995. She taught parttime at the Institute and for adult education with Cardiff County Council; ran the Cardiff Print Workshop; and was chairman and director of Butetown Artists. Later exhibitions included Welsh National Eisteddfod and the Laing Art Competition, Mall Galleries, both from 1990; Ben Uri Gallery and RWA, both 1997; Princess of Wales Hospital, Bridgend, and Centre Parks, both from 1998; St David’s Hall, Cardiff, 1999–00; 6, Howard Gardens Gallery, Cardiff, 2000; and National Exhibition of Wildlife Art, Liverpool, 2001. Public and corporate collections included the Lord Chancellor’s Department; National Museum of Wales, Cardiff; Department of Trade and Commerce; Halifax Building Society; and Deutsche Bank.

RBA Galleries, 1960; an Arts Council touring exhibition, 1962–3; and later he was featured in The Sixties Art Scene in London, Barbican Art Gallery, 1993. Had a series of solo shows, the first at ICA, 1960. Alcohol was Hobbs’ problem, prompting erratic behaviour such as turning up at Camberwell to teach on the wrong day of the week, but he was remembered with affection by an exstaffer as a highly amusing colleague. Worked finally in a studio in Hampstead.

Painter, muralist and designer who grew up in south London and by age 14 had begun classes at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts under Stanley Thorogood. Leaving Camberwell in 1927 he worked in an art studio, then in 1932 joined the Lintas advertising agency, where he spent almost the rest of his life. Attended life classes at St Martin’s School of Art. A friend of the photographer Angus McBean, Hobdell worked on some of his backdrops; the stage remained a main interest, and he designed sets for Ballets Nègres. As a muralist Hobdell completed trompe l’oeil commissions for Lord Faringdon, at Buscot Park, Barnsley Park and Brompton Square. Also did illustrative work for The Leader; made flower paintings on glass for the Festival of Britain James HOBBS 1960– Draughtsman who graduated in 1951; and large doorways for Observer Film from Winchester School of Art, 1988. The previous Festival in 1956. In 1950s began to show work year Hobbs had found a copy of H V Morton’s with Redfern and Arthur Jeffress Galleries and sold 1927 book In Search of England in a car boot sale. pictures through Peter Jones’ store in Sloane He set out to recreate Morton’s journey, keeping Square, signed with the names of his cats, Giles a journal and making 400 drawings of places and and Emma Farquharson. Hobdell was included in buildings Morton had seen. The drawings showed the Lintas Beyond the Horizon exhibition at the influence of Hobbs’ teacher Dennis Creffield Agnew, 1988. Trompe l’oeil and surreal works and through him the approach of Creffield’s own from the McBean estate were shown at Abbott and teacher David Bomberg. A group of the drawings Holder in 2006. was shown at Wolseley Fine Arts, 1996. Kathryn HOBDEN 1975– Painter whose works were Peter HOBBS 1930–1994 Artist, musician and teacher, based on photographs, some taken when travelling born and lived in London. After working as a jazz fast. She was born in Brighton, Sussex, studying pianist from 1953–5, studied at Central School of at the College of Technology there, 1993–4, Art, taught there for a year at the start of the 1960s, University of Brighton, 1994–7, and Royal College then began teaching soon after that at Camberwell of Art, 1997–9. Hobden won the Oriana Art Prize, School of Arts and Crafts, where he remained over 1999. Other exhibitions included Cut Gallery, many years. Hobbs was an abstract Constructivist 1996; Summer 97, Mercury Gallery, 1997; Hot whose mixed exhibitions included Situation at Potatoes, Paton Gallery, 1999; and Reservation, Roy HOBDELL 1911–1961


Charlotte Street Gallery, 2001.

Nicky HOBERMAN 1967– Painter who was born in

Cape Town, South Africa, and who gained a degree in modern history at Oxford University, 1986–9; then a fine art degree at Parsons School of Design, Paris, 1989–93; and a master’s at Chelsea College of Art, 1994–5. Showed during Battell Stoeckel Fellowship, Yale Summer School of Art, 1992, and was included in New Contemporaries at Tate Gallery, Liverpool, and Camden Arts Centre, 1996, with a solo show at Entwistle, 1998. Saatchi Collection held Hoberman’s work, which featured highly coloured images of children, knowing and viewed from unusual perspectives. Lived in London.

Robert HOBHOUSE 1962– Landscape painter using a rich palette, and teacher, born in London, who was educated at Eton College and Oxford. He worked in advertising, 1984–6, then taught in comprehensive schools. After a series of solo shows in private houses, in 1999 had a first public exhibition at Patisserie Valerie, Knightsbridge, with another, Water + tartan, at Highgate Fine Art, 2003. Hobhouse was a keen traveller in Britain, on the continent and in America, often visiting members of his large, far-flung family. Lord Bath’s Wessex collection holds Hobhouse’s work.

led her to study with Arthur Hambly at Redruth School of Art in her teens. After World War II showed at Downing’s Bookshop in St Ives with Peter Lanyon, Brian Wynter, Isobel Heath and other luminaries. She was a founder-member of Penwith Society of Arts in 1949. As well as showing at RA and ROI, of which she was a member, Hocken was a botanist inspired by nineteenth-century natural history painters and Fantin-Latour. Her flower studies were acclaimed at Paris Salon. Hocken’s fame mainly rests on a large 1955 canvas The Hollow Men, based on the T S Eliot poem, which when showed in 1957 caused a row, because of its deeply satirical comments on modern St Ives life. For the next 30 years Hocken led a reclusive life in Carbis Bay following the reception of The Hollow Men. She was physically handicapped and the condition worsened, although she did marry in later years. With her husband she shared a keen interest in Unidentified Flying Objects. After her death Whitford and Hughes handled the sale of The Hollow Men.

James HOCKEY 1904–1990 Painter, printmaker and

teacher, born in London. After education at Alleyn’s School, in Dulwich, Hockey attended Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1922–7, then went on to teach, being principal of Farnham School of Art, 1945–69, then joint principal of West Surrey College of Art and Design, 1969–71. He was a key figure in art education development and was for a time president of Farnham Art Society. Showed at RA, RBA, NEAC and elsewhere, and was noted for his flower paintings, Contemporary Art Society buying his work. Lived in Farnham, Surrey.

Painter and draughtsman, notable for portraits, born and lived in London. He studied at Hornsey School of Art, teachers including Russell Reeve and J C Moody, also portraiture with Frank Emanuel. Showed at RI, Whitechapel Art Gallery, Artists of Chelsea and in the provinces. Susan-Jayne HOCKING 1962– Painter in oil and watercolour and oil, often on a small scale, who Alice HOBSON 1860–1954 Watercolourist, born in Leicester, who studied with James Orrock, John was born in Bournemouth, Hampshire, and Fulleylove and Wilmot Pilsbury. She was elected attended Bournemouth and Poole College of Art, RI, also showing occasionally at RA and Walker 1981–2; graduated from Bristol Polytechnic, 1982– Art Gallery, Liverpool. Travelled extensively on 7; and Royal Academy Schools, 1987–90. Awards the European continent and in Africa and settled included British Institution Fund first prize; Winsor & Newton Prize; RA Travel Scholarship; and M eventually at Praa Sands, Cornwall. & G Prize at RA Summer Exhibition, 1998. Mixed Marion Grace HOCKEN 1922–1987 Painter, born in exhibitions included Ten Young Artists, Mall Zennor, Cornwall, who showed early talent which Galleries, 1988; RA Summer Exhibitions, from Ronald HOBLING fl. from 1930s–


1989; and Cadogan Contemporary, 1991. She was a seasoned traveller, and her solo exhibitions at New Grafton Gallery, from 1996, included impressions of India, Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand and China. Golden Faces of Asia was held at Kings Road Gallery, 2002; there was an extensive solo show at New Academy Gallery in 2003 stemming from recent travel in Bhutan; another at The Russell Gallery, 2004, entitled Desert Festival, Pushkar, The Tribes & Their Animals. For her New Academy pictures Hocking wrote that she had “used hand-made papers from the daphnia plant brought back from Bhutan and mulberry pulp from Burma. On my travels I try to incorporate a traditional medium from each country”. Lived in Burley, Ringwood, Hampshire.

various times in London, Paris and California, but from 1977 was based in Los Angeles, where the light had a marked influence on his work. In 1962 he was an instructor at Maidstone College of Art, then through the 1960s held various teaching appointments at the Universities of Iowa, Colorado and California, and was Slade Professor of Fine Art, Cambridge University, 1990. Hockney won painting prizes at the John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1961 and 1967, to which he added major awards in Paris, Cracow, Stuttgart and New York, for graphics and photography. Hockney had first one-man show at Kasmin Gallery, 1963, the Alan Gallery in New York, 1964, then had a continuous stream of international one-man shows. Notable in later years were appearances at Los Angeles County Museum of Art (travelling to Shelley HOCKNELL 1975– Artist, illustrator and Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York); gallery administrator who did an art foundation retrospectives at Tate Gallery, 1988, Manchester course at Parc Menai, Bangor, 1993–4, graduating City Art Gallery, 1996; prints, Alan Cristea Gallery with honours in art and visual culture at University and Lumley Cazalet, both 2000; and Painting on of the West of England, Bristol, 1994–7. Worked Paper, with an accompanying hardback book, at part-time at Ogilvy & Estill, Conway, also teaching Annely Juda Fine Art, 2003, the year his Five life drawing classes there. Group exhibitions Double Portraits were shown at the National included The Cottage Loaf, Llandudno, 1996; Portrait Gallery and David Hockney: the Bradford Phillips Contemporary Art Gallery, Manchester, years was at Dean Clough Galleries, Halifax. There 1997; and RCamA, 1998. In 1999 the show were important exhibitions at Centre Georges Climbing the Walls, at Penrhyn Castle, Ogilvy & Pompidou, Musée Picasso and Maison Estill and Llandudno Library, reflected the artist’s Européenne, in Paris, and National Museum of interest in rock climbing and mountaineering. Wales, Cardiff, all 1999. Hockney’s work is held Lived in Llechwedd, Conway, Gwynedd. by the Tate Gallery, Victoria & Albert Museum, Arts Council, Art Institute of Chicago, Los Angeles David HOCKNEY 1937– Painter, graphic artist, photographer, theatre designer, teacher and writer, County Museum of Art and elsewhere. Notable born in Bradford, Yorkshire. Hockney was a works for the printed page are his etched brilliant draughtsman, the best-known British illustrations for Cavafy’s Poems, 1967, and Six painter of his generation, who gained international Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm, 1969. For the success from his mid-twenties. His work had a stage he designed set and costumes for Stravinsky’s homo-erotic strain, but became widely popular The Rake’s Progress and Mozart’s The Magic Flute. through its satirical imagery and its attractive In 2004, The San Francisco Performing Arts images of swimming pools, showers and Library and Museum acquired Hockney’s archive Californian life. Hockney attended Bradford of over 2,400 theatre-related designs, negotiated School of Art, 1953–7, and Royal College of Art, by his dealer Richard Gray Gallery of Chicago. 1959–62; there he won a Gold Medal and the His book David Hockney by David Hockney Guinness Award for Etching. His studies had been appeared in 1976, and That’s The Way I See It, in interrupted for a two-year period of hospital work 1993; Hockney on “Art”, 1999, stemmed from as a conscientious objector. Hockney worked at extensive interviews with co-author Paul Joyce. 150

He was elected RA in 1991 and was made which feel as if they only just hold together.” Hodes Companion of Honour in 1997. Latterly moved to took part in many group shows, solo exhibitions Bridlington, Yorkshire. including the Eagle Gallery from 1992. British Council, Birmingham and Worcester City Art Moira HODDELL 1927– Painter, illustrator and Galleries, New Hall in Cambridge and corporate designer, born in Addiscombe, Surrey, who while collections hold examples. staying in Edinburgh in 1944 was allowed by the principal Robert Lyon to attend classes at the Joan HODES 1925– Figure and landscape painter College of Art, teachers including John Maxwell. and draughtsman, born and lived in London. She Attended Sidcup School of Art, 1944–6, teachers studied under Franklin White at Slade School of including the principal J L Robinson, Ruskin Spear Fine Art, 1945–8, then was a pupil of Oskar and Robin Guthrie; then Royal College of Art, Kokoschka, 1947–53, “a revelatory experience” 1946–50, under E W Tristram, Edward Bawden, (in 1948–9 Hodes visited Paris for a year, with John Nash, Gilbert Spencer, Rodney Burn and Alan studies at Académie Julian and Académie de la Sorrell, being awarded a fourth year in the Grande Chaumière). Completed landscapes over engraving school under Robert Austin. Hoddell a wide area of Britain, Ireland and continental (pronounced Hoddell) assisted Bawden with his Europe. Group shows included Contemporary big 1951 Festival of Britain mural. Mixed Portrait Society, Leicester and Mercury Galleries exhibitions included RA Summer Exhibition and and RA Summer Exhibition. Had solo exhibitions RI, Brighton Art Gallery and Sussex Artists. at Foyer Gallery, 1962 and 1971, later ones Among solo shows were The Grange, Rottingdean, including Boundary Gallery, 1994, John Russell 1963; County Town Gallery, Lewes, 1968; Gallery, Ipswich, 2000 and 2005, and Highgate Barcombe, 1981–2, connected with National Fine Art, 2003 and 2005. Victoria & Albert Gardens Scheme; and 1995, Lewes House. Museum holds her work. Commissions included London Transport, Imperial Chemical Industries, Central Office of Information, Francis Edwin HODGE 1883–1949 Artist who was General Post Office and Daily Telegraph, 1962– born in Devon, educated privately and then studied 85, sketching people and places. She believed at Westminster School of Art and Slade School of “strongly in the spontaneous speed of drawing Fine Art, his teachers including Augustus John, directly from life and nature” and “admired William Orpen and Frank Brangwyn, with further eighteenth- and nineteenth-century graphic artists.” studies in Paris. In World War I he was H M The Queen owned Hoddell’s work. Lived in commissioned in the Army, and Imperial War Museum, Victoria & Albert Museum and Plymouth Offham, Sussex. City Art Gallery hold examples. He was a member Charlotte HODES 1959– Versatile artist who studied of RBA from 1915, ROI 1927, RP 1929 and RI in at Brighton School of Art, 1977–8, then gained an 1931. For a time he was assistant to Gerald Moira honours degree in fine art, 1978–82, and higher at Royal College of Art. Also showed at NEAC, diploma in painting, 1982–4, from Slade School RA, Goupil Gallery, RSA and elsewhere. Was a of Fine Art. Awards included a Boise Travelling member of Authors’ and Chelsea Arts Clubs and Scholarship, 1984, and an Italian Government lived in London. Scholarship, 1985. In 1986 she co-founded Culford Press. Residencies included Spode’s ceramic Jessie Mary Margaret HODGE 1901–1964 Painter, factory in Staffordshire, 1998. Pattern was muralist, illuminator and illustrator, born and lived important in Hodes’ work, its creation using in London. She was educated at Norland Place drawing, photography, collage, the computer and School and in art at Lime Grove and the Royal hoarded objects such as fabrics and postcards. She Academy Schools, gaining a bronze medal for life reckoned “the most exciting paintings are the ones painting and a Landseer Scholarship. By the mid151

1930s Hodge had become artist to St Mary’s Hospital, had exhibited at RA, RSA, RMS, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and Paris Salon, and had achieved notable commissions. These included lettering around the Kitchener Memorial in St Paul’s Cathedral; decorations in Vigo House, featured in The Builder magazine; tablets lettered for The Second Church of Christ Scientist; fresco panels for the hall of the Eastman Dental Clinic; an illumination to commemorate Sir Ernest Shackleton; and medical and surgical illustrations for Sir Duke Elder, Glasgow University and elsewhere. At this time Jessie retained her interest in fishing, golf and tennis, but a neighbour, who knew her as Peggy, remembers her by the early 1960s as sociable but solitary, “a bit careworn”, and asthmatic, “probably brought on by nerves”. Jessie’s father, the sculptor Albert Hemstock Hodge, had died in 1918, and Jessie, her mother and brother Norman settled in Hampstead Garden Suburb. Frustrated, Jessie appears to have resented her mother’s devotion to Norman, who suffered from bad skin trouble and “looked like an ogre”, so that he and his mother never went out. When mother died in 1963, Jessie and Norman planned to move permanently to a country cottage near Campbeltown which they owned and used for several weeks each summer, but Jessie died as they prepared to leave. Norman remained in Hampstead, then moved to the cottage helped by a neighbour, but soon died. Jessie was buried at Acton Cemetery.

Painter and teacher who studied classical oil painting at the Escuela Libre del Mediterraneo, Palma, for five years with Joaquin Torrents Llado, a notable Spanish portrait and landscape artist. On completion of his studies he became only the third student there to be invited to remain as tutor. Returning to the United Kingdom, he began to show regularly there and abroad. He was initially known as a portrait painter, exhibiting regularly with the RP from 1997. His Foal at Pushkar Camel Fair, Rajasthan, was included in the September Show, Wykeham Gallery, Stockbridge, in 2003. He shared an Marcus HODGE 1966–

exhibition with David Sawyer at that gallery in 2004.

Nicky HODGE 1957– Painter and draughtsman, born

in Birmingham, who studied at Central St Martin’s College of Art, 1985–92. Mixed shows included Winter, Hoax @ Lux Gallery and ARTfutures, organised by Contemporary Art Society at Barbican Centre, both 2000. Had solo exhibitions at Danielle Arnaud from 1999.

Painter, born in Plymouth, Devon, son of David Hodge, principal of the School of Art there. Rodney Hodge began his studies there, then was at Royal College of Art, 1928–31. Having served as art master at the County High School, Redditch, Worcestershire, 1932–51, Hodge then moved to head the School of Art. Sometimes signing his work R H H, Hodge exhibited at public galleries in Plymouth, Birmingham and Liverpool. Also designed for stained glass, pottery and carved wood. Lived in Redditch. Rodney Hellyer HODGE 1906–1963

Simon HODGE 1903–1973 Painter and draughtsman

born in Glasgow, where he studied at the School of Art, 1920–4. He lived in London and Johannesburg from 1923 and from 1963 in Ibiza, Spain, dying in Edinburgh. While in South Africa Hodge was well known as a landscape and wildlife painter. He was president of the Johannesburg Art Club from 1931–2 and showed widely, including a series of exhibitions in the 1950s at the Pieter Wenning Gallery, Johannesburg. In the late 1950s Hodge and his wife did a year-long motoring and painting tour of the African continent. In Britain he showed at RA, RI and the Society of Artist Printers in Glasgow, having a solo show at the Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Rio Tinto Zinc in London and the Kruger National Park and Standard Bank in South Africa hold his work.

Wendy HODGE 1953– Painter, designer and illustrator, born in Canada. She attended Algonquin College in Canada to study advertising art, 1970– 2, then did an illustration course in New York in 1979. Gained an Ottawa University Scholarship


in 1982–3, then studied at Byam Shaw School of Art, 1983–5, and Royal College of Art, 1985–7. In addition to a Byam Shaw Scholarship she gained a British Commonwealth Scholarship. Hodge was a prizewinner at Royal Over-Seas League in 1985. Her other exhibitions included a solo show at Flaxman Gallery, 1987; London Picture Show, 1989, where she was a prizewinner; then in 1990 she was one of Flowers East’s Artist of the Day, chosen by Lucy Jones.

Painter, born in Glasgow, who studied at Bath Academy of Art in Corsham, then at Reading University. Mixed shows included 1st Portobello Open, Tabernacle Centre, 1989; A Woman’s Point of View, Warehouse Gallery, Kendal, 1992; and Whitechapel Open and Royal Over-Seas League Open, both 1994. Joanne HODGEN 1964–

Artist in pen and ink, watercolour and oil, and writer, born in London. He studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1923–6, under Edmund J Sullivan. Hodges was noted for his book illustrations, stage designs, historical writings for children and adult works on the Elizabethan theatre, as well as architectural reconstructions of theatres. Columbus Sails, 1939; The Marsh King, 1967; and Plain Lane Christmas, 1978, were among his titles. His detailed work, Shakespeare’s Theatre, 1964, was awarded the Kate Greenaway Medal for its illustrations and he completed the Mermaid Theatre symbol and other illustrative work for its founder, the actor Bernard Miles. He also drew for Radio Times. He was included in the Box of Delights travelling exhibition of children’s book illustrations, 1991– 2. Had a solo show at Shakespeare Institute, Stratford-upon-Avon, 1982, another at Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington, America, in 1988; it holds his work. Lived in Lewes, Sussex, dying in Moretonhampstead, Devon. Cyril Walter HODGES 1909–2004

art galleries. He lived in Birmingham and was a member of the Midlands Arts Club.

Paul HODGES 1950– Painter, from Cardiff, who did

the foundation course at Bath Academy of Art, graduating with an honours degree at Sheffield College of Art. For many years he was a part-time and visiting lecturer at art colleges and polytechnics in Liverpool, Birmingham, Cheltenham, Sheffield and Stoke in north Staffordshire. In 1990 he was artist-in-residence at Harewood House, Leeds, working on an education and conservation programme, ending with a solo show at Terrace Gallery there. Hodges won the Stowells Trophy at Mall Galleries in 1975 and in 1976 at the same venue the Winsor and Newton Award. He exhibited in France, the Natural History Museum in London, Tolly Cobbold Exhibition Tour and Paton Gallery. He shared a show at Compass Gallery, Glasgow, in 1980 with Anne Grebby. The previous year Hodges had had a solo show at University Gallery, Sheffield.

Roberta HODGES 1903– Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Harlesden, northwest London. Studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art with Frederick Marriott, then Slade School of Fine Art with Henry Tonks and Philip Wilson Steer. She married the artist Jozef Sekalski. Exhibited RA, RHA, NEAC, SSA, Paris Salon and elsewhere. Lived in St Andrews, Fife.

Painter, notably in tempera, of small, highly detailed pictures of flowers and fruit; mural painter; writer. Born at Purley, near Reading, Berkshire, Hodgkin after Harrow School studied at Byam Shaw School of Art and at the Royal Academy Schools under Ernest Jackson. First one-man show at Picture Hire Gallery, 1936. Later showed at RA, Wildenstein, Leicester Galleries, NEAC, RBA and in New York. Among his books are She Closed the Door, 1931, Merrett HODGES fl. from c.1895–1961 Painter, and Views of London, 1948. Tate Gallery holds his printmaker and photographer, full name William work. Hodgkin sought to show things “exactly as Merrett Hodges, who was also an art dealer for a they are, yet with some of their mystery and poetry, time. He was elected an associate of RBSA in 1917 and as though seen for the first time”. Hodgkin, a and exhibited extensively there, also at Walker Art Gallery religious man, was a notable collector. A selection in Liverpool, RCamA, RA and elsewhere in northern public from his collection was shown in a memorial Eliot HODGKIN 1905–1987


exhibition at Hazlitt, Gooden and Fox in 1990, and Lane, but they separated in the mid-1970s. it included Sir Thomas Lawrence, Corot, Rubens, Graham Sutherland, Degas and Japanese prints. Jonathan Edward HODGKIN 1875–1953 Self-taught watercolourist who was by profession an electrical Lived in London. engineer, born and lived in Darlington, County Howard HODGKIN 1932– Painter, printmaker and Durham. He was chairman and director of many teacher, born in London, where he eventually companies, chairman of Darlington Society of Arts settled. Gordon Howard Eliot Hodgkin was and a trustee of the Bowes Museum and Art evacuated as a child to America, but was educated Gallery, Barnard Castle. His Little Guide to County at Eton College, where the art master Wilfrid Blunt Durham was popular. He was a member of RBA was influential. Studied at Camberwell School of from 1928, showing there extensively, also at Art, 1949–50, then at Bath Academy of Art, 1950– Walker’s Galleries, Laing Art Gallery in Newcastle 4, under Clifford Ellis, whom he considered “a and Leeds City Art Gallery. teacher of genius”. From 1954–6 was part-time assistant art master at Charterhouse School before Frances HODGKINS 1869–1947 Painter, teacher and teaching at Bath Academy of Art, 1956–66. illustrator of landscape and still life, born in Hodgkin then taught for six years at Chelsea School Dunedin, New Zealand, where her barrister father, of Art, in 1976–7 being fellow in creative art at an amateur painter, taught her watercolour. She Brasenose College, Oxford. He had his first solo showed with Otago Art Society locally and show at Arthur Tooth and Sons in 1962, after which attended Dunedin Art School, 1895–8. After he participated in notable international group teaching and working as an illustrator she travelled shows. His further one-man exhibitions included to Europe in 1901 and had a solo show at W B Galerie Muller, Cologne, in 1971; Museum of Paterson’s Gallery six years later. Having settled Modern Art, Oxford, 1976, and tour; Hayward in Paris in 1908 she taught at Atelier Colarossi and Gallery and tour, 1983; an appearance at Venice in her own school. Had now established a Biennale, 1984; a retrospective at Whitechapel Art reputation as an open-air watercolourist. She Gallery in 1985, the year he won the Turner Prize; continued to travel and show in Australia, New with another retrospective at Hayward Gallery, Zealand and elsewhere, taking up oil painting in 1996; print exhibitions at Alan Cristea and Ingleby 1915. In the mid-1920s she worked for two years Gallery, Edinburgh, both 2001; and recent large as a designer for Calico Printers’ Association, in paintings at Dean Gallery, Edinburgh, in 2002, at Manchester, living with Hannah Ritchie and D the end of which he was made Companion of Jane Saunders. Seeing the work of Matisse several Honour. Latterly showed with Anthony d’Offay. years before had given her work a modern impetus, From 1972–6 Hodgkin was a Tate Gallery trustee indicated at her solo show at Claridge Gallery in and he was knighted in 1992. Tate Britain would 1928. Was taken up by the St George’s Gallery, give Hodgkin a major retrospective in 2006 which was interested in younger, more advanced featuring more than 60 works from the 1950s artists, as told in its owner Arthur Howell’s book: onwards. Indian Mughal miniatures, which he Frances Hodgkins, Four Vital Years, 1951. collected for a time, were important to Hodgkin. Working in France and Spain she now showed with Although originally a figurative artist, his mature, the 7 & 5 Society and produced work of great richly coloured pictures hovered on the edge of transculency and vigour. Died in Dorchester, abstraction, although he insisted that “I can’t paint Dorset. Tate Gallery and other major galleries hold without a subject.” He said that “memory is the her work. Several memorial shows held including principal subject of all my pictures. I’m painting Tate Gallery and Arts Council provincial tour, a feeling.” Arts Council holds several examples. 1952, The Minories in Colchester showing late While at Bath Hodgkin married the artist Julia work in 1991. 154

Cecil HODGKINSON 1896-c.1961 Watercolourist, farmer and land agent whose work reflected his country background. Born in Billingborough, Lincolnshire, he showed in the Lincoln area and was chairman of the Lincolnshire Artists’ Society in the mid-1950s. Lived at Greatford, near Stamford, in that county. Ed HODGKINSON 1973– Painter and draughtsman

who graduated with honours in visual art, painting, from Camberwell College of Art, 1992–5, producing figurative pictures of striking graphic simplicity. Group shows included Southwark Open, South London Art Gallery, 1995; Whitechapel Open, Bow Arts Trust, 1996; The Discerning Eye, Mall Galleries, 1999; and Kopavogur Museum, Reykjavik, Iceland, 2001. Solo exhibitions included Mark Jason Fine Art, 2001, 2002 and 2003. IcelandAir held Hodgkinson’s work.

George HODGKINSON 1914–1997 Representational

painter and draughtsman, member of the MAFA and Stockport Artists Guild. Hodgkinson, who never married, served as a gunner in World War II. He was prolific, continuing to paint until his death despite senile dementia, and left 800 works. Hodgkinson died from burn-related injuries after an accidental fire at his terraced home in Stalybridge, Cheshire, where there was a retrospective at Astley Cheetham Art Gallery in 1998. The gallery holds Hodgkinson’s oil Winter, Stalybridge, bought from a show at Oldham Art Gallery in 1985.

Artist, teacher and writer who was educated in Kidderminster where he attended the School of Art, then Birmingham College of Art. From 1939–46 was principal of Bilston School of Art and curator of the local art gallery. Later freelanced. Lived for a time at Shrawley, Worcestershire. Wilfred HODGKINSON 1912–

Carole HODGSON 1940– Sculptor, draughtsman and

research grant to travel in Mexico, 1968; Arts Council, 1973; British Council 1978 and 1980; Elephant Trust, 1979 and 1986; and Grocers’ Company Bursary, British School at Rome, 1982. Taught widely in Britain and abroad. Hodgson’s work cleverly mixed abstraction, landscape and the human figure. She held solo exhibitions with Angela Flowers Gallery from 1973, later Flowers East. Other shows along the way were with WAC, Cardiff, 1976; Fine Arts Galleries, University of Wisconsin, 1980; Llanelli Festival, 1984; and New Ashgate Gallery, Farnham, 1991. Arts Council, WAC, British Council and other public collections in Britain and abroad hold her work. Commissions included British Aerospace sculpture in Kingston upon Thames, 1986–7; Bogman, British Medal Society, 1987; and River Celebration, commissioned by Kingston Borough for Lovekyn Chapel site, 1988–9. Clive HODGSON 1953– Painter and teacher, born in Nottingham, who studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1971–2; graduated from Slade School of Fine Art, 1972–5; and obtained his Higher Diploma in Fine Art, 1975–7. Awards included Boise and J Milner Kite Scholarships, 1977; Sotheby Award for most outstanding painting, Whitechapel Open Exhibition, 1989; and Abbey Award, British School at Rome, 1998. Hodgson was an external examiner, John Moores University, Liverpool School of Art; visiting tutor, Winchester School of Art, Barcelona; and course leader, Byam Shaw School of Art. Group shows included Gimpel Fils, from 1984; Gimpel Weitzenhofer, New York, America, 1986; Düsseldorf Multiple 97, Germany, 1997; Europaische Akademie, Trier, Germany, 1998; and John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 2004. Among later solo exhibitions were Danielle Arnaud Contemporary Art, 1997; The British School, Rome, 1998; and University of Hertfordshire, 2002. The Arts Council, Leicestershire County Council and Royal London Hospital hold examples. Lived in London.

teacher, born in London. She studied at Wimbledon School of Art, 1957–62, then Slade School of Fine David HODGSON 1959– Gestural abstract artist, born Art, 1962–4. Awards included Reading University in Cheshire. He attended North Staffordshire Polytechnic, 1980–1, then Croydon College of Art, 155

1981–4. Hodgson’s exhibitions included Waterloo Live, at Waterloo Gallery, 1981, and New Acquaintances, at Fabian Carlsson Gallery, 1987. In 1988 he was in Time Out Live, at Olympia, and was a nominee for Young Artist of the Year at Whitechapel Art Gallery. In 1990 Hodgson was the Boyle Family’s choice as Artist of the Day at Flowers East.

in mural decoration in 1928, spending three years at the Royal College of Art, where she specialised in mural decoration, joining the staff of Armstrong College’s art school part-time in 1931. In 1931–2 Hodgson completed a lunette for the Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle, which illustrated the local Shipwrights’ Guild passing along the quayside around 1450. The Laing also has her striking picture The Collingwood Monument, Trafalgar Heather HODGSON 1946– Suffolk-based landscape Night. Hodgson was a frequent exhibitor 1934– painter in whose work composition and colour 52 at RA Summer Exhibition, notable for unusual were important elements. She attended Brighton subjects such her 1936 entry In Search of Peace, College of Art, 1965 and 1979–80; Goldsmiths’ in egg tempera, acquired by Manchester City Art College School of Art, 1967–70; and Dartington Gallery. Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, has her 1938 College of Art 1982–3–4. Mixed shows included exhibit The Birth of Venus. Hodgson ground her New Street Gallery, Plymouth; Spacex Gallery, own pigments and while at Armstrong College Exeter; Brighton Museum and Art Gallery; worked with scientists there to reproduce colours Brighton University Gallery; and Mall Galleries. used by the Italian Old Masters. Lived in John Russell Gallery, Ipswich, gave her solo shows Tynemouth, finally at Alnmouth, Northumberland, in 2000 and 2005. as a virtual recluse, her final years cloaked in mystery. Janet HODGSON 1960– Artist, born in Bolton, Lancashire, who studied at Lincoln College of Art, Trevor HODGSON 1931– Versatile artist and 1978–9, then theatre design at Wimbledon School designer, born in Bradford, Yorkshire, who studied of Art, 1979–82. Carried out a series of at Lancaster College of Art and University of commissions, including The Boat, Birkenhead London. His work could have an Art Brut feel, Park, Merseyside, 1990; Arrivals, Settle Market exemplified by an early abstracted self-portrait Place, with Peter Hatton, one of a series of illustrated in Philip Vann’s book Face to Face, collaborations with him, 1992; and Piltdown published by Sansom & Company Ltd/Piano Bungalow, Uppermill, 1993. Group exhibitions Nobile Fine Paintings in 2004. By the early 1960s included A Pool of Signs II, Bluecoat Gallery, in when he was lecturing in graphic design at Liverpool where she was based, 1992; Manchester Blackpool School of Art, Hodgson’s career had Airport Terminal Two, 1993; and in 1995 Making included periods as a scenic artist, jazz musician, it at Tate Gallery, Liverpool, where her White Cube, schoolteacher and industrial designer. He was a Black Square was made of granulated sugar, royal politically aware member the AIA, showing in icing, steel, molasses and pump. In 1998, Hodgson mixed and solo exhibitions there. collaborated with Anna Douglas on a work for artranspennine98, sited in Liverpool where she Stuart HODKINSON 1942– Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Cheshire, who studied at the lived. University of Newcastle department of fine art, Louisa HODGSON 1905–1980 Painter and teacher, 1959–64, Slade School of Fine Art, 1964–6, and daughter of London and North Eastern Railway University of Reading, 1966–7. In 1979 he was official Edward Hodgson, amateur artist and included in Summer Show 2 at the Serpentine member of Berwick Art Club. She was educated Gallery, when he had been teaching at Norwich at Whitley Bay and Monkseaton High School, then School of Art since 1967. Within his artist’s studied under Richard Hatton at Armstrong statement, which included quotations from Robert College, Newcastle. Won an Abbey Scholarship Musil and Henry James, Hodkinson stated that, 156

“In spite of all the years, in spite of the great pyramid of history, in spite of all contemporary dogma, I feel, with relief, that there is a source of personal naïvety left, that it might be possible to paint like an ageing child.” Hodkinson had been in Young Contemporaries at the Federation of British Artists Galleries, 1960–2. In 1979 he shared a show with Alan Turnbull at the Polytechnic Art Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne, and in 1980 had a one-man exhibition at New Style Gallery. John HODSON 1945– Artist in oil and marble, born

in Oxford. He studied at Courtauld Institute, 1970. Hodson began painting landscapes in 1970 “using a colourful, Impressionist technique”, then sculpted from 1975. He took part in group exhibitions in France and Italy and had a solo show at Woodstock Gallery, 1972. Lived in London.

Painter, decorative artist and lecturer, born in Bolton, Lancashire. He studied at the School of Art there, his teachers including John Gauld, then at Manchester School of Art under Robert Dawson. Exhibited widely in north of England, including Manchester, Liverpool, Southport and Preston, and at Lefevre Gallery, London. Salford Museums and Art Galleries hold his work. He lectured to the Workers’ Educational Association and lived in Burnley, Lancashire. Ron HODSON 1916–

Francis Peter HOFFER: see Franz Peter HOFFER

Painter, stage designer, illustrator and writer, born in Berlin, Germany. He was educated in Kent at a boarding school, then attended St Martin’s School of Art, 1939–41, under Sydney Litten. Hoffer had a multifaceted career. Among his many activities he did stage design at the Glasgow Citizens’ Theatre, for the theatre in London and at Stratford-upon-Avon; he designed for Reader’s Digest Association Ltd; worked for the Central Office of Information; and wrote for magazines such as Lilliput and Saturday Book. Showed with Leicester Galleries, Arts Council, RBA and overseas. Lived in London and in Milan, Italy. He is sometimes listed as Francis Peter Hoffer.

Franz Peter HOFFER 1924–2000

Painter and teacher, born in Leoben, Austria. He attended Kassel School of Art, 1975–80, having moved to Germany in 1960; from 1981–2 was a teacher of painting at Kassel, then attended Glasgow School of Art, 1982–3. Although Hoffmann continued to live in Kassel he spent part of the year on the island of Barra, in the Outer Hebrides. Working in tempera and acrylic Hoffmann completed portraits of great exactness and figure studies in landscapes with an intense atmosphere. From 1977 he won a number of awards in Germany and Scotland, including a grant from the German Academic Exchange Service for Glasgow in 1982 and in 1989 the Morrison Scottish Portrait Award, RSA. Showed at APEX-Gallery, Göttingen, in 1980, and at Savignyplatz Gallery, Berlin, in 1981–2. In 1988–9 had a first Scottish touring show, Portraits from the Western Edge, with Ulrike Kanne, An Lanntair, Stornaway, also showing with St Andrews Arts Centre, Aberdeen Art Gallery and Richard Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh. Later shows included Bruton Gallery for the Bath Festival, 1992. Erik HOFFMANN 1952–

Gerard HOFFNUNG 1925–1959 Humorous illustrator,

writer and broadcaster with a special interest in music. Born in Berlin, was educated at Highgate School and at Harrow School of Art under John Platt. Hoffnung then began to mix careers as an illustrator and as a teacher. He was art master at Stamford School, 1945–6; staff artist on the Evening News, 1946; worked for Contact Publications, 1947–8; joined the staff of Harrow School, 1948; and was staff cartoonist for Cowles Magazines, New York, 1950–51. He freelanced widely, for publications including Punch, Lilliput, Graphis, Daily Express and Saturday Evening Post. Intermingled were forays into broadcasting for BBC, where his fruity, wheezy voice soon became instantly recognisable; playing the tuba; and organising his music festivals, at the Royal Festival Hall, in the 1950s, where unlikely instruments were played. He exhibited at the Little Gallery, Piccadily, 1949, and at the Festival Hall in 1951 and 1956, The British Cartoon Centre in 2001 displaying cartoons and models inspired by classical music.


Books included The Maestro, The Hoffnung Symphony Orchestra and Ho Ho Hoffnung. Lived in London. Max HOFLER 1890–1962 Artist in various media and

architect, born and died in London, his father Austrian, his mother French. Was educated at Archbishop Tenison’s Grammar School and John Lyon’s, Harrow-on-the-Hill, studying aged 14, with special permission, at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art, then at St Martin’s School of Art. Hofler was articled to a firm of London architects, studying in the evenings for five years at the Royal Academy Schools, where he qualified: became an RIBA associate, 1922, a fellow, 1933. Practised as an architect until World War II, painting or sketching in his spare time. Success at exhibitions, such as the RA, ROI, RI, SMA and elsewhere, brought Hofler in touch with dealers and publishers, enabling him to abandon architecture full-time, although his command of architectural detail remained one of his strengths. Was a foundermember of the Wapping Group of Artists and Harrow Art Society, also a member of Langham Sketch Club and Buckinghamshire Art Society. Duncan Campbell Fine Art latterly showed Hofler’s pictures. Lived in Harrow-on-the-Hill, Middlesex. Eileen HOGAN 1946– Painter, designer, printmaker,

illustrator and teacher who studied graphic design and then painting, under Carel Weight, at Royal College of Art, 1971–4, following a period at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1963–7, and British School of Archaeology, Athens, 1970– 1. Showed solo on many occasions, including British Council, Athens, 1971; Royal College of Art in 1977; a series at Fine Art Society, London and Glasgow, from 1980; Imperial War Museum, 1984; and Graduate School of Library Services University of Alabama, 1988. She illustrated a number of books, including Fragments from Sappho, 1973; The Dream of Gerontius, 1976; and A Selection of Poems by C P Cavafy, 1985. The Burntwood Press was her own imprint. The British School in Athens commissioned a mural in 1971, and other commissions included Imperial War

Museum, 1983–4, Women at Work in the Royal Navy; Illustration: A Working Art, commissioned by Batsford, 1989; and Royal Mail stamps, 1990– 1. Public collections holding Hogan’s work include Victoria & Albert Museum plus many overseas collections. She was a member of RWS, which gave her a solo show in 1999. There was another at Bourne Fine Art, Edinburgh, in 2003, and a Muir Trust Residency Exhibition at Buckinghamshire County Museum & Art Gallery, Aylesbury, in 2005. In 1992 The London Institute awarded her a professorship.

Painter and draughtsman, born in Aberdeen. She studied art there with James Hector and at St Martin’s School of Art. Exhibited at RSA, extensively at RBA and SWA of both of which she was a member, and in the provinces. Still life and landscape were the mainstays of her contributions to SWA, where she was a prolific exhibitor, 1919–52. Lived latterly in Petworth, Sussex. Lizzie HOGARTH


Painter, illustrator, printmaker and teacher, born in Kendal, Westmorland, full name Arthur Paul Hogarth. Sometimes signed work P H. Studied at Manchester School of Art, St Martin’s School of Art and obtained doctorate at Royal College of Art. He was senior tutor in the faculty of graphic art there, 1964–71. In 1981 was commissioned by Imperial War Museum to depict the Berlin Wall. His work is also in Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge, Victoria & Albert Museum and many other public galleries in Britain and abroad. Hogarth was a Royal Designer for Industry, and was elected ROI, 1979, RA in 1984 and RE in 1988. Retrospective at Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, 1985; in 1990 his exhibition Cold War Reports 1947–67 was at Norfolk Institute of Art, with a tour; retrospective at Fosse Gallery, Stowon-the-Wold, 1998. Much of Hogarth’s early work was of a left-wing committed nature, and he was associated with AIA, desiring to be “a communicator rather than a painter”. He was in the English tradition of the artist-traveller and among his books were Looking at China, 1955; Paul HOGARTH 1917–2001


Majorca Observed (with Robert Graves), 1965; Drawing Architecture, 1973; The Mediterranean Shore (with Lawrence Durrell), 1988; and Drawing on Life: the autobiography of Paul Hogarth, 1997. Among his awards was the Yorkshire Post Award for the Best Art Book, 1986. Settled finally at Hidcote Manor, Gloucestershire, moving to Cirencester in the same county shortly before he died. Hogarth’s third wife was the artist Pat Douthwaite. Philip HOGBEN 1945– Landscape and figure painter

who studied at Derby and Winchester Schools of Art, 1961–6. In 1969 settled in Cornwall to teach at Falmouth School of Art. Showed in west of England and abroad and in 1992 was included in Artists from Cornwall at RWA. Two years before, he gained Western Morning News prize at Newlyn Contemporaries show. Hogben was a member of Newlyn Society of Artists and lived in Helston. Mary HOGG: see Mary MAINDS

Painter, mainly of landscapes of the Isle of Man. He was born in Lancaster, of a Cumbrian father and Scottish mother, won a scholarship to the Royal College of Art which he did not take up, but became apprenticed to a local stained glass makers, continuing his studies at the school of art in Lancaster’s Storey Institute. Aided by one of the Storeys, Hoggatt studied at the Académie Julian in Paris, 1901–5. While working on a commission at the Tate Gallery he came to know his future wife, Dazine, sister of Leonard Archer who managed the pianist Paderewski, then travelled to Isle of Man to inspect his future home. Hoggatt liked the light and landscape and decided to stay, living at Port St Mary until 1925, then at The Darragh, Port Erin, which became one of the island’s intellectual centres. Hoggatt was a prolific and widespread exhibitor, especially at the RA Summer Exhibition, also RSA and RSW. He was a member of a number of exhibiting societies, including RI, RBC and RCamA, and was president of the Manx Artists. In 1934 he won a competition to design a stained glass window commemorating the work of T E William HOGGATT 1880–1961

Brown, the island’s national poet. Foxdale Valley, in the collection of Pallant House, Chichester, is a typical solidly drawn pastel. Other works by Hoggatt are in the Manx Museum Art Gallery and in the collections of public galleries in Liverpool, Manchester, Oldham and Preston, as well as several Australian galleries.

Chris HOGGETT 1927– Painter, sculptor, ceramist,

stage designer, teacher, illustrator and writer, born and lived in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. He studied at Royal College of Art, 1950–3, where Rodney Burn and Carel Weight were influential teachers, others including John Minton, Rodrigo Moynihan, Charles Mahoney and Robert Buhler. Hoggett went on to teach and work in a wide range of media and illustrate many books. His own books included Stage Crafts, published in Britain and America. In later years Hoggett returned to his main interest, paintings landscapes, especially in the wilder areas of Scotland and New Zealand. During this time “a more abstract approach developed as the result of combining figurative elements with landscape”. Showed mainly in West Country, including RWA and with Cheltenham Group of Artists. Solo shows included Café, Cheltenham Art Gallery & Museum, “work in various media inspired by dream or reverie,” 2004.

Painter, poet and teacher, born and brought up in Birkenhead, Cheshire. After working as a landscape architect for London County Council in the early 1960s he studied painting at Hammersmith College of Art and Building and Goldsmiths’ College. During the 1960s and 1970s volumes of his poems were published and readings given at many colleges and universities, the Traverse Theatre in Edinburgh and ICA. Taught at Chelsea School of Art, 1978. From 1974 he lived and painted at the same location outside Stroud, Gloucestershire. Hoida’s seemingly abstract paintings, in acrylic on elongated, horizontal canvases, were much-inspired by the Toadsmoor Valley. Rothko, Pollock, Matisse, Braque and Picasso were cited as influences, “mediated by Hilton, Heron and others”. Group exhibitions included New Young Contemporaries, Pete HOIDA 1944–


Camden Arts Centre, 1973–4; Six Gloucestershire Painters, Spacex, Exeter, 1980; Kilvert Gallery, Clyro, 1992–3; Oriel Senig, Harlech, 1994; and Sui Generis, Cheltenham, 2000. Had a solo show at International Arts Centre, 1975, later ones including Museum and Art Gallery, Cheltenham, 1995, and deliART, 2000. Ashley HOLD 1964– Artist

studio in Gothenburg with Lisa Grönwall and Maj Nilsson; in 1959 Holden and the studio moved to Marstrand, the trio becoming known internationally as Marstrand Designers. Holden also taught in Sweden and abroad, including Goldsmiths’ College. Participated in many group shows and solo exhibitions were held in Sweden, later ones including Möbelcentrum, Stockholm, from 1977, and Marstrand Designers (with his son Thomas Holden, the painter), 1979. Holden was a member of LG, was a fellow of the Free Painters and Sculptors and Chartered Society of Designers, a design associate of the American Institute of Interior Designers, as well as several Swedish artists’ organisations. Extensive public commissions included hotels, ships, offices, embassies and consulates. Tate Gallery, Arts Council, Victoria & Albert Museum, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art in Edinburgh, Manchester City Art Gallery and a series of Swedish collections hold examples. Holden promoted Swedish artists in Britain and British artists in Sweden, such as the sculptors Armitage, Chadwick and Butler.

who studied painting at Falmouth School of Art and Design. He exhibited with Penwerris Community Arts Group in Falmouth, Cornwall, where he lived, and at Newlyn Orion Gallery as a member of Newlyn Society of Artists. Also showed with Independent Schools Exhibition, Dulwich Art Gallery and Oxford in 1986, and in Painting Today auction at Bonhams, 1991–2, was included in Falmouth Connections at Falmouth Art Gallery in 1994 and in same year had a portrait at BP National Portrait Award at National Portrait Gallery. Hold undertook several group murals and workshops in the local community, including a mural for Truro School. In 1998, with the artist Tim Shaw, Hold set up an open studios scheme in the Falmouth/Penryn area; by 2001, the South West Open Studios brochure listed 200 artists and 20 galleries and spread across Douglas Hamilton HOLDEN 1919–1972 Painter, 136 venues. printmaker, creator of found-object assemblages and teacher, son of Harold Henry Holden and Cliff HOLDEN 1919– Painter, designer, draughtsman, brother of John Hamilton Holden, both artists. printmaker and teacher, born in Manchester. He Douglas studied at Birmingham School of Arts and initially studied agriculture and veterinary science, Crafts with Beatrice Johnson (as his wife known then philosophy at the City Literary Institute from as Trixie Holden) before World War II. During the 1944 where he met David Bomberg, Edna Mann war Douglas served in the Royal Navy, then in and Dorothy Mead (with whom Holden was closely 1946–7 he and Trixie studied at the Royal College associated for 11 years). In 1945 these artists of Art. Douglas taught at St Martin’s School of Art followed Bomberg to the Borough Polytechnic and and showed at the RA Summer Exibition in the joined his group from the Bartlett School of 1950s while living in London; was elected an RWS Architecture in drawing at various venues. In 1944– associate in 1953 and RWS in 1961; and exhibited 5 Holden and Bomberg conceived the Borough at The New Art Centre, 1965. In April 1988 Group, established 1946, the first of seven shows Douglas’ work was included in a studio sale of taking place in 1947. Holden was its president, several Holdens’ works at Burstow & Hewitt, 1946–8, but resigned over policy issues. Bomberg Battle. reorganised the group, which disbanded in 1951. Holden met the Swedish artist Torsten Renquist Harold Henry HOLDEN 1885–1977 Watercolour and in 1952 showed in Four Englishmen in painter, etcher and teacher, born in Settle, Gummesson’s Gallery, Stockholm; in 1956 he was Yorkshire, father of three artists: Geoffrey H invited to show more in Sweden and set up a design Holden, John Hamilton Holden and Douglas 160

Hamilton Holden. He studied at Skipton School of Art, Leeds College of Art and the Royal College of Art after initial lessons near his home in Settle. He exhibited at RA, RBSA, RWS and abroad, Leeds City Art Gallery, among others, holding his work. He became art department head at Leeds Modern School in 1910; principal of Cheltenham School of Arts and Crafts, 1914; principal of Leeds College of Art, 1922; director of art education and principal of the College of Arts and Crafts, Birmingham, 1928–46. Holden’s work could be sombre, and he favoured strongly organised pictures. Lived finally in Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol, with his fourth son, Rupert, a civil engineer.

Artist and administrator who worked as John Holden. Born in Leeds, he went on to study at Birmingham College of Art, of which his father, Harold Holden, was for a time principal. Then he studied at Royal College of Art. Holden became progressively principal of Wolverhampton College of Art, Manchester College of Art and Design and then deputy director of Manchester Polytechnic, from which he retired in 1978. Holden’s considerable contribution to building up the Manchester College is chronicled by David Jeremiah in A Hundred Years and More, published by Manchester Polytechnic in 1980. Among official positions held by Holden were the presidency of both the National Society for Art Education and the Association of Art Institutions. Holden wrote on art and education and showed at RA and provincial galleries. Lived in Wilmslow, Cheshire. Sometimes he is incorrectly listed as John Hamilton-Holden. John Hamilton HOLDEN 1913–1980

2002, his work illustrated in its ninetieth anniversary commemorative volume. In 2004, he shared an exhibition with Paul Mason at Fermynwoods Contemporary Art, Brigstock. Lived in Long Buckby, Northampton.

Painter, printmaker, muralist and teacher who studied at various London art colleges and in Paris studios in 1940s and 1950s. He went on to teach painting, etching and the history of art for about 35 years, travelling frequently in Europe. Holden had shows at National Theatre in London, Orleans House in Richmond and at Cleveland Bridge Gallery, Bath. He did a number of murals for companies, including Dunlop Rubber Company. Holden was described as an “intense admirer of the irrational and neurotic in art”. He had a fine understanding of the human figure, on which his work was based, forms materialising on the canvas in deft strokes of colour, giving an impression of restless energy. John Vivian HOLDEN 1931–

Thomas HOLDEN 1957– Painter, muralist, designer

and printmaker, son of the artists Cliff Holden and Lisa Grönwall, he was born in Gothenberg, Sweden. From 1972 pursued his own work and from 1975 exhibited with his parents under the name Marstrand Designers. Collaborated on numerous projects and public commissions, being represented in Swedish embassies and consulates, hotels, hospitals, factories, banks, ferries and cruise ships. Strindberg Museum in Stockholm has Holden’s large silkscreen portrait of the writer. Group exhibitions included David Bomberg-linked show at Towner Art Gallery in Eastbourne, 1991. Had many solo exhibitions in Sweden from 1977, John HOLDEN 1942– Painter and teacher, born in later ones including Gallery St Nikolaus, Gillingham, Kent, who studied at Medway College Stockholm, 1985. of Art and Design, 1959–63, and Royal Academy Schools, 1963–6. From 1986 he was principal Walter Frederick Clarke HOLDEN 1882–1953 lecturer in fine art at Liverpool John Moores Architect and landscape painter who, after University. Showed regularly at RA from 1968; in completing his articles at Cambridge, was with the Parallel Lines, at Cardiff Institute of Higher partnership of Burgess and Myers, Beaconsfield, Education, 1993; and in the 1995–6 John Moores from 1906. After serving in camouflage with the Liverpool Exhibition, with You are the One, a Royal Engineers in World War I and earning a geometrical abstract. Had a solo exhibition at RA Military Cross, Holden in 1920 joined the National in 1974. Holden was a member of the LG from Provincial Bank, becoming chief architect in 1934, 161

retiring in 1947. His designs for the doors of the National Westminster Bank in Coventry’s High Street, made in 1930, are particularly fine. During World War II Holden was on the Royal Academy committee that made proposals for rebuilding blitzed London. Holden showed paintings at the RA Summer Exhibition and at the Royal Glasgow of the Fine Arts.

Landscape painter, born in Horncastle, Lincolnshire, who became full-time painter in maturity. Was at various times president of the RWS Art Club, secretary of the Society of Sussex Painters and a member of the Art Workers’ Guild. Regular exhibitor at RWS, also showed at RA, Fine Art Society, Goupil Gallery, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and many other venues. He was extensively illustrated in books, such as the Old Water-colour Society’s Annual, and by firms such as Vickers Brothers. Public galleries in Brighton, Bristol, Southport, Leeds and Worthing hold his work. Lived for many years in Sutton, Sussex. Edgar Thomas HOLDING 1870–1952

Marjorie HOLFORD: see Marjorie BROOKS

Sculptor, letterer, painter, gilder and teacher working in various materials who was apprenticed to David Kindersley, Cambridge, 1955–60, being his personal assistant, 1960–2. After establishing his own workshop, settling in Norwich, Norfolk, Holgate worked almost entirely on commissions for architectural practices, private firms and individuals and the church, his central concern being the spiritual journey. From 1976 Holgate was visiting lecturer at Ipswich and Norwich Art Schools, also teaching in schools and adult education. He was a member of Letter Exchange and was included in Stone Words at Pentagram, Wolseley Fine Arts and tour, 2002. Anglia Television, Basildon Council, the Historic Churches Trust, Norwich Cathedral and Museum and the Redundant Churches Commission held his work. David HOLGATE 1939–

Painter of horses, dogs, flower studies and the countryside. Florence Mabel HOLLAMS 1877–1963

She studied at the Calderon School of Animal Painting and at Académie Julian, Paris, and was a keen horse and dog woman. In the 1920s and 1930s Hollams produced many equine portraits, using samples of the horses’ coats and manes for reference, finishing her work with great speed. Exhibited RA and Ackermann.

Painter, draughtsman, printmaker and teacher, born in Radnorshire, where she continued to live. Her subjects were rooted in the countryside and domestic still life. She studied at Byam Shaw School of Drawing and Painting under Maurice de Sausmarez, who awarded her the principal’s prize for landscape in oils. Won a David Murray Studentship in landscape painting given by RA. Exhibited in many mixed shows, including RA and NEAC. Had solo exhibitions at Sue Rankin and Thackeray Galleries. Holland was a member of the Artists and Designers of Wales, and for them she demonstrated etching at Royal Welsh Showground at Builth Wells, where she also showed Beulah Speckled Faced Sheep, which featured in much of her work. Claerwen HOLLAND 1952–

Derek HOLLAND 1927– Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, who attended the College of Art there, 1952–4, and the Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1954–7, teachers including Blair Hughes-Stanton, Hans Tisdall, Keith Vaughan, Merlyn Evans and Morris Kestelman. He was an instructor in life drawing and basic design at the Central, 1957–9, and was head of the art department, Plymouth College, 1959–73. Holland stopped working in a nonfigurative manner in 1974, after which he made regular trips to France to draw from the landscape, the basis for gestural paintings made back in England. He became a member of the Society of Mural Painters, 1958, and of the Newlyn Society, 1984. Mixed shows included Artists of Fame and Promise, Leicester Galleries, 1958–9; Society of Mural Painters, Victoria & Albert Museum, 1961; Redfern Gallery, 1966–74; British Art, Monte Carlo, 1966; and, latterly, New Street Gallery, Plymouth, 2000. Later solo exhibitions included Plymouth Arts Centre, 2000. Plymouth City Art


Gallery and Leicestershire Education Authority at St Martin’s School of Art, 1965–9. Taught at hold examples. Lived in Plymouth, Devon. Chelsea Community Centre, Coventry College of Art until 1972, at a series of art schools in the Dudley HOLLAND 1915–1956 Painter, muralist, Midlands, then at Cardiff College of Art, 1974–8, designer, printmaker and teacher whose work had when he left to paint full-time. While at Coventry a Neo-Romantic tinge and a strong sense of design. several pictures were bought by the collector Holland was educated at Kingston Grammar Charles Saatchi. Holland began to show with School, Chelsea and Willesden Schools of Art. He Nicholas Treadwell Gallery, then Ian Birksted was awarded a Royal Exhibition to the Royal Gallery in 1983 and Thumb Gallery, 1986 (later College of Art, 1936, which he refused, preferring the Jill George Gallery). Holland’s mixed shows to paint on his own. Taught design, painting and included Aspects of Realism, 1976–8, which toured drawing at Willesden, Harrow and Goldsmiths’ Canada; The Probity of Art, a WAC touring show, College Schools of Art, then was appointed 1980; in the same year the British Art Show, an principal of York School of Art, 1949, of Guildford Arts Council exhibition which toured; and People School of Art, 1951. He completed mural in Great Britain, 1989, a British Council touring decorations for Cunard Line, schools and libraries. show. Had a solo show at Roundhouse Gallery, Exhibited at RA from 1937, also with NEAC, LG, 1979; the following year WAC toured his one-man with Redfern Gallery and in touring shows. In 1950 exhibition; then he showed regularly, with a Jill he shared an exhibition with Austin Wright at York George UK travelling retrospective in 1991. Later City Art Gallery which holds his work, as does the solo exhibitions included Martin Tinney Gallery, Arts Council. Holland was killed when his Cardiff, from 1992; Oriel, WAC Gallery and tour, motorcycle hit a lorry; he was rushed to Kingston 1995; Mineta Move Gallery, Brussels, Belgium, Hospital but was dead on arrival. One version says 1999; Il Pollitico, Rome, Italy, from 2000; and that Holland would not have used the motorcycle Albermarle Gallery, with an extensively illustrated again, as he was on the way to collect a new car. catalogue, 2004. Holland’s work – impeccably Another that he was furious at a wrongly crafted – went through several phases, including detrimental inspector’s report and by mistake realism with a hinted-at – even sinister – narrative tipped the lorry. Lived at Hale, near Farnham, element; still life; and still life with a Surrealistic Surrey. Abbott and Holder latterly sold Holland’s atmosphere which explored aspects of reality. Tate work. Gallery, WAC and Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York hold his work. Based in Cardiff. George Herbert Buckingham HOLLAND 1901–1987

Painter, educated at the Grammar School in Northampton, where he was born and made his career. He worked as a commercial artist before studying at Leicester School of Art and Chelsea Polytechnic. Was a founder-member of Northampton Town and County Art Society and its president in 1949–50. He was noted for his portraits and showed at RP, Alpine Club Gallery, ROI and elsewhere. National Portrait Gallery, Royal Academy of Music and National Library of Wales hold his work. Holland’s fine 1947 portrait of Lady Margaret Isham is in the Isham family home, Lamport Hall, Northamptonshire.

Hester HOLLAND: see Hester GORST

Designer, painter, teacher and writer, born in Gillingham, Kent, son of a naval blacksmith, who early on won the president’s prize of the Royal Drawing Society and a scholarship to Rochester School of Art with his ship drawings. From 1924 attended Royal College of Art painting school, where James Boswell became a close friend. In 1933 they helped to found Harry HOLLAND 1941– Painter, draughtsman, the AIA. Holland held the first of many exhibitions printmaker and teacher, born in Glasgow. After an while still at the Royal College, where he was attempt to study at Wimbledon College of Art active in the sketch club. On graduating Holland which fell through because of lack of funds, joined the advertising agency Foote, Cone & Holland attended a commercial college, then was Belding, and was commissioned, with John James HOLLAND 1905–1996


Betjeman, to write copy for Shell by Jack Beddington; was active in LG and NEAC; helped decorate the Peace Pavilion at the 1937 Paris World Fair; and was a freelance illustrator. During World War II Holland worked in the Ministry of Information’s exhibition design department, invaluable experience when he was asked to oversee the Sea and Ships section of the Festival of Britain in 1951 and to be chief designer of the Campania floating exhibition hall which toured 10 ports. From 1952–63 Holland was group art director for Erwin, Wasey and Company, the advertising agency, from 1963–71 head of the faculty of visual communication design at Birmingham Polytechnic. Holland was closely involved in the work of the Society of Industrial Artists and Designers, being its president, 1960– 1, in 1980 publishing its history, Minerva at Fifty. Died in Pembury, Kent. Retrospective at Art Connoisseur in 1997.

throughout Britain, including RI, SGA, SWA and locally in Leicester. Her work was reproduced in a number of publications, including The Listener, Country Fair, The Countryman and The Lady.

Vera HOLLAND fl. c.1950–1975 Oil painter, tapestry

Laura HOLLIDAY 1958–

Versatile artist and teacher, born in Sunderland, whose work over the years drew on Surrealism, Constructivism, Pop Art and Cubism. He studied at Sunderland Polytechnic and the Royal College of Art. Early successes were Stowells Trophy, 1973, and acceptance for the John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1974. Holland drew on his student work when later he became a fellow at Cheltenham College of Art and a Rome Scholar. Over the years, Holland was head of painting at Cheltenham & Gloucester College of Higher Education, the University of Northumbria in Newcastle and at the Birmingham Institute of Art & Design, where he was afterwards head of fine art. He also taught in Australia. He exhibited widely, including the RA Summer Exhibition; Galleria Rondanini, Rome, Italy; South London Art Gallery; and Praxis Gallery, Bristol. The Foyer Gallery, Squires Building, University of Northumbria, held a notable posthumous exhibition of Holland’s work in 2002. Michael HOLLAND 1947–2002

designer and embroiderer. Born and lived at Sileby, Leicestershire, studying with Edgar Lander, then at Loughborough School of Art. Exhibited widely

Antony HOLLAWAY 1928–2000 Stained glass artist, muralist and teacher, born in Kinson, Dorset. He was early immersed in the life of Poole Harbour, working in Bolson’s shipyard and on the local paddle steamers. After National Service in the Royal Air Force, in which he was briefly involved in the Berlin Airlift to break the Soviet blockade of 1948–9, Hollaway was encouraged at Bournemouth College of Art by Frederic E Courtney, a lifelong friend and mentor. In 1953 Hollaway won a County Scholarship and entered the Royal College of Art as a Royal Scholar, where he took up stained glass and mural painting, developing a forceful, modern style. In 1957 he started A H Associates, soon becoming consultant to the architects’ division of Greater London Council’s housing division until it closed in 1968. A 1963 slab-glass window for Boots’ Chemical Laboratory, Nottingham, was a challenging early job. Some of his most impressive pieces are in Leicestershire, among them a 1966 abstract relief in concrete at Leicestershire County Hall, Glenfield. Hollaway’s most important commission came in 1971 from the architect Harry Fairhurst, which resulted in five ambitious, dramatic windows for Manchester Cathedral. His final piece was a gift to his local church, All Saints, Allington, Lincolnshire. Holloway taught at the Central School of Art & Design, Kingston College of Art, Epsom School and Trent Polytechnic. He was a member of the Society of Designer-Craftsmen, British Society of Master Glass Painters, Society of Chartered Designers and the Contemporary Crafts Network. Hollaway was an excellent and amusing lecturer and good company, as unpretentiously willing to talk about his mistakes as his successes.

Creator of wall-based sculptures – often humorous, sinister, or jokey portraits – made from found objects, papier mâché and paint, which could evolve over a period. She


was born in Sydney, Australia, where she spent nine years before her family moved back to its roots in Penarth, near Cardiff, where she settled eventually at Roath. Gained an honours degree in fine art from South Glamorgan Institute of Higher Education, Cardiff, 1976–80, and her master’s degree from Royal College of Art, 1982–5. In 1983 she won a Young Artists Grant from WAC, in 1986 a Pirelli Commission. Mixed shows included Stowells Trophy, RA, 1980; Invited Artists, WAC Gallery, Cardiff, 1986–7; Women Artists Open Exhibition, Cardiff Central Library, 1990; and The All-Women Cardiff Artists Show, Oriel Contemporary Art, 1996. Had a solo exhibition, Gossiping Teapots, The Old Hall, Cowbridge, 1982, later ones including Sculpture at St David’s Hall, Cardiff, 1988, and Face to Face, Old Hall, Cowbridge, 1993. Sarah HOLLIDAY 1960– Self-taught watercolourist

whose London Unveiled show at New Academy Gallery, 1998, focused on the capital’s changing scene. Holliday was elected a full member of RWS in 1996. In 1991 she had won the Saunders Waterford Award there, in 1989 the Arrobus Award for Watercolour at Camden Arts Centre. She was artist-in-residence, Commonwork Land Trust, Kent, 1990, and expedition artist to Borneo for Raleigh International, 1994. Mixed shows included David Curzon Gallery, 1992; SWA, 1993; and RSW, 1998.

Artist using a variety of materials to create installations, as at New Art in Scotland, Centre for Contemporary Arts, Glasgow, 1994. Hollingsworth was born in Leeds, attended Gwent College of Higher Education, 1988–91, and the School of Art, Glasgow, 1992–4. He said that his work was “concerned with how as human beings we experience the world through our senses and the passage of time.” Mixed shows included Leeds Open Artists Exhibition, from 1991, and Danger, School of Art Institute, Chicago, 1993, the year he had a solo show at the White Room, Glasgow School of Art. Stephen HOLLINGSWORTH 1967–

Representational watercolourist and teacher who studied at Cambridge School of Art and Bournemouth College of Art, where he gained his diploma. He moved to Ipswich, Suffolk, to teach in 1955. In 1959 with Roger Finch he shared an exhibition at Haste Gallery, which then showed his work regularly. Enthusiasm for wildlife and sailing influenced his output. Geoffrey St J HOLLIS 1925–

Painter, educated privately. Exhibited RA, Leicester Galleries, RBA and in provinces. Had a number of one-man shows at Brook Street Art Gallery. Lived in Fulwood, Lancashire.

Gerald HOLLIS 1908–

Richard HOLLIS 1934– Painter in oil lacquer, graphic

designer and teacher, born in London, where he settled. He studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1954– 5, Wimbledon School of Art, 1955–7, and Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1958–9, under William Turnbull. Between 1960–80 taught in various art schools, practised graphic design and in 1994 published Graphic Design: A Concise History. Hollis’ own work was influenced by Venezuelan painting of the 1950s and Swiss Concrete Art. He showed at New Vision Centre Gallery and in 1993 was included in The Sixties Art Scene in London at Barbican Art Gallery. Richard Hollis: Graphics for the Whitechapel was held at Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1984.

Della HOLLOW 1922–1980 Artist in collage and watercolour who also practised interior decoration. Born at South Molton, Devon, Della Hollow – who sometimes signed her work only with her first name – studied art at Exeter School of Art, 1938–41, under Ruth Wood and Leighton Woollatt; she also had private lessons with Patrick Larking. Exhibited SWLA, RI and NS. Lived at Colyton, Devon. Geoffrey HOLLOW 1944–1998 Self-taught painter of

abstracts, born and based in London, who began painting in 1972. He had awards from the Arts Council, Elephant Trust and British and American Arts Foundation and held visiting lectureships in Britain and overseas. Took part in extensive group shows, including Made in Greenwich, The Living


Room, 1994. Solo shows included Air Gallery, 1981; Greenwich Theatre Gallery, 1989; and Kepler Gallery, 1992. In 1993 he held a residency at City Museum & Art Gallery, Hanley, Stoke-onTrent, with an accompanying exhibition. SE1 Gallery @ Workplace held a show in 1999. Several corporate collections hold examples. Douglas Raymond HOLLOWAY 1923– Watercolourist

and architect, born in London, who attended Royal West of England Academy School of Architecture, also studying watercolour with James Michie. He was in private practice in Bristol, then in the County Architect’s Department for Kent, then Lancashire, 1959–84. He was a member of RWA. For many years Holloway concentrated mainly on the Lancashire scene, but also north Wales and Andalucia, where he spent part of each year. He used “a limited palette and avoided unnecessary detail which results in an apparent simplicity or Impressionist style. Most of my work is done in the studio, although I prefer to paint on the spot.” Mixed shows included RCamA, Gloucester City Art Gallery and the Society of Architect Artists. In 1981 he had a solo show at Dallas Inman Gallery and in 1989 another at Vernon Gallery, both in Preston, Lancashire, where he lived at Longton. RWA holds his work.

Printmaker, watercolourist, calligrapher and teacher, born in Doncaster, Yorkshire, where his father was a frame maker. Aged 14 he began to attend classes at local School of Art and in 1931 had first solo show in London. While earning his living from etchings and portrait commissions Holloway studied under Randolph Schwabe at Slade School of Fine Art, where he proved an outstanding draughtsman. During World War II taught for a while, but illness prevented him continuing. Holloway became a Catholic and married a disciple of Eric Gill. He settled in Ditchling, Sussex, in 1949 and became a member of the Guild of St Joseph and St Dominic in which Gill was involved. By now Holloway had taken up lettering, signwriting, calligraphy and wood engraving, and he designed and worked as a cartographer for major publishing houses. In 1969 Edgar



he returned to watercolour and, after his retirement, line engraving. Holloway showed at RBA and the Society of Artist Printmakers, both of which he was a member, as well as RA, RI and NEAC. He gave a large collection of his prints to Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, which held a show of them in 1991. Holloway was the father of Tim Holloway the artist. Edgar Holloway at 80 was at Kendal’s Abbot Hall Art Gallery and Museum as part of a tour in 1994. Holloway was especially noted for his etchings, and he was still producing prints in his long series of self-portraits in 2002, when Bankside Gallery had a show mainly of his landscape drawings. In 2004, Wolseley Fine Arts held a ninetieth-birthday exhibition. Edgar HOLLOWAY: see James Noble

Gill HOLLOWAY 1928– Landscape painter, lecturer

and writer, born in London and formerly known as Gill Harman, who studied art at King’s College, Newcastle, before in 1950 becoming art tutor at Durham University’s extramural department. She retained this post until 1967, showing in the northeast of England. Between 1969–88, when she retired, she was head of art and art history at Cheltenham Ladies’ College, continuing to exhibit widely in London and the provinces. Between 1981–7 she was the second wife of the artist Ted Holloway. After his death she produced a book of his drawings: A Bevin Boy Remembers, which accompanied a show of his work that toured from Stoke-on-Trent Art Gallery from 1993. Latterly, based in Condicote, Gloucestershire, Gill Holloway continued to paint, teach, write and travel. Anderson Gallery, Broadway, held an important show of her work in 1998. It is held by public and private collections. Painter who studied at Gloucestershire College of Art, 1979–82, and the Royal Academy Schools, 1985–8. She exhibited at the RA Summer Exhibition from 1987 and was in Britain’s Painters at Mall Galleries, 1988. Had a first solo show at Mason-Watts Fine Art, Warwick, in 1992. Sir Brinsley Ford owned a 1988 self-portrait by her.

Laura HOLLOWAY 1960–


Robert Charles HOLLOWAY 1914–1986 Painter in gouache and pastel, and teacher, born in Chelsea. He studied at Clapham School of Art and Royal College of Art under Sir William Rothenstein and Percy Hague Jowett. Holloway became art master at King’s College School, where he established a small press producing art books. He showed at RA, RBA and NEAC and lived in Epsom, Surrey.

Glazebrook, 1983. Lived in Nettlecombe, Avon.

Karn HOLLY 1940– Painter and draughtsman, born

in the Channel Islands, who studied at Bournemouth College of Art and the Royal Academy Schools. She gained many prizes and awards, including Landseer Scholarship and Silver Medal, Drawing; Landseer Scholarship and Bronze Medal, Painting; Alma-Tadema and Richard Jack Prizes; John Crompton Award; Landseer Award for One Year; Hunting Group Companies Award, 1986, Print and Drawing Prize, 1998; Ernest Kleinwort Trust Award, 1990 and 1997; Kathleen Troneon Drawing Prize, 1991; Critics Award, NEAC, 1992; and Arts Club Purchase Prize, RA, 1997; Hunting Group Print and Drawing Prize, 1998; and Worshipful Company of Painters Award, NEAC, 2000. Holly showed in the RA Summer Exhibition from 1981, with NEAC, of which she was a member, at several venues, from 1989; Hunting Group, several venues, from 1986; The Discerning Eye, Mall Galleries, from 1991; and widely elsewhere. She had solo exhibitions at Elgin (Cassian de Vere Cole Fine Art) in 2000 and 2001. On the latter occasion the London-based artist wrote that her work was “primarily from and about observation and time, made over time. The gradual overlay and development of the image is in pursuit of an evocation of perception and feeling.” There was a show at New Grafton Gallery in 2004.

Painter, draughtsman and teacher, full name Edwin Francis Holloway, born in Upham, Hampshire, who left school at 15 and became a forestry worker for three years. At 18 he became a Bevin Boy in the Durham Coalfield, by which time he was drawing and painting. At 28 he attended classes at Durham University Extra-Mural Department, in 1958 won a bursary to study full-time at Sunderland College of Art, then gained an art teacher’s diploma, with distinction, at London University. Holloway became head of art at Jarrow Springfield Comprehensive School, then gave up teaching to paint full-time in 1981. Moved to Charlton Kings, Gloucestershire, where he became fascinated by early Celtic art and mythology, but is best known for his long series of drawings based on his mining career. These were featured in a touring show, after his death on a painting trip to Scotland, originating in Stoke-on-Trent Art Gallery, in 1993. Accompanying it, Holloway’s artist wife Gill produced a book of his drawings: A Bevin Boy Agnes Gladys HOLMAN 1885–c.1967 Commercial Remembers. artist and illustrator, specialising in animals, Alexander HOLLWEG 1936– Painter, draughtsman, sculptor and miniaturist. Born at Charlton Kings, coloured wood relief maker and teacher, born in Gloucestershire, she studied at St John’s Wood London, the grandson of the artist Edward School of Art, then made a personal study of Wadsworth. He said that his subject “has always animals. Served in Women’s Land Army during been the same, people and their houses – where World War I. For some years was a member of they work and where they play.” After reading council of the Royal Drawing Society, for which French and German at Oxford he studied at she was an examiner. Did an extensive amount of Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts from 1960– illustrative work for Oxford University Press, 3. By 1973 he was head of department at Maidstone educational publications, Western Daily Mail and College of Art, later teaching part-time at Bristol for book-jackets. Exhibited SWA, RWA, RI, PS, Polytechnic. After a solo show at Whitechapel Art in the provinces and abroad. Lived in Bath, Gallery in 1971, followed by shows at Felicity Somerset. Samuel Gallery, 1972–7, there were several abroad. Was included in 5 Modern British Artists, Mark George Alfred HOLMAN 1911– Sculptor and Ted HOLLOWAY 1926–1987


medallist, his talent was early spotted at school. Studied art at Hornsey School of Art under the sculptor Harold Youngman, 1927–34, after Hackney School of Art, 1925–27. Exhibited at RA and other London provincial galleries. Holman’s sculpture has a feeling of mass and solidity, as in his Boy and Duck, illustrated in Eric Newton’s monograph British Sculpture 1944–1946. Southgate Borough Council commissioned a basrelief in stone for Broomfield Park. Lived at Leighon-Sea, Essex. Jamie HOLMAN 1973– Artist using video and film, born in Inverness, who gained a fine art degree at Chelsea College of Art, 1994–7. Was included in Titanic Numbers at Blackburn College, 1994; Student Film Festival, Cornerhouse, Manchester, 1995; and New Contemporaries at Tate Gallery, Liverpool, and Camden Arts Centre, 1996. Andrew HOLMES 1947– Artist, born in Bromsgrove,

Worcestershire, who trained as an architect but whose passion was to photo-realistically record the trucks, trailers, tanks and highways of the American West. He amassed over 20,000 slides, from which he chose and drew carefully selected subjects. Group exhibitions included 40 London Architects, Art Net, 1976; Curwen Gallery, from 1978; 9th British Print Biennale, Bradford, 1984; Clocktower Gallery, New York, 1988; Whitechapel Open, Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1996; and Architecture Foundation, 1998. Holmes had many solo shows and performances, later ones including Asphalt Paradise at Laurent Delaye Gallery and Postcards on Photography at John Hansard Gallery, Southampton, both 1999, and Gas Tank City at Plus One Plus Two Galleries, 2003. The Cambridge Darkroom Gallery, Cambridge, also handled his work. Holmes lived in London.

consider abject poverty”. Initially, there was no telephone or electricity, no running water or gas, and the cottage was two miles from the nearest road. The wild, wet landscape became Holmes’ subject. He published several volumes of verse, poems appearing in the Anglo-Welsh Review, Poetry Wales, Poetry Review, London Magazine, Outposts and elsewhere. Holmes gained a WAC Award for Painting, in 1978, also a commendation in WAC Award for Literature (Poetry) and a New Poetry Prize. Group shows included Canaletto Gallery, 1974; Our Native Land, Mostyn Gallery, Llandudno, 1979; Royal National Eisteddfod of Wales, from 1989; and Artists in National Parks, Victoria & Albert Museum, 1992. Had a solo show at Treadwell Gallery, 1973, later ones including Welsh Gallery, 1994, and Newport Museum and Art Gallery, 2002. Hagen Museum, Germany, holds his work. In 1997, Holmes was featured in the documentary series Visions of Snowdonia on BBC2 Television.

Painter, born in Barnsley, Yorkshire, who studied at Leeds Metropolitan University, 1996–9. His group exhibitions included The Poster Show, Hoxton Distillery, and Itchy Park, Limehouse Town Hall, and John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, both 2004. Among Holmes’ solo exhibitions were Fan Club Meeting, The Way Up Gallery, 2001, and Recent Paintings, Trapex Gallery, 2004. Dale HOLMES 1972–

David HOLMES 1939– Artist, teacher and gallery owner, born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk. He studied at Leicester College of Art and Leicester University, 1957–62, then worked in Turkey in 1963. From 1963–78 Holmes taught at several London colleges, including a lecture tour of Europe, 1977. He settled in Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, in 1978, establishing the David Clyde HOLMES 1940– Landscape painter and poet, Holmes Art Gallery in 1987. Holmes’ own born in London, who trained at Hornsey College exhibitions included Foyles Art Gallery, 1961; of Art, 1961–4, then St Martin’s School of Art, Young Contemporaries, 1962; Ulster Museum, 1964–5. Holmes moved with his family to a remote Belfast, 1964; AIA Gallery from 1966 (he was AIA shepherd’s cottage in Snowdonia National Park in news correspondent until it closed in the 1970s); 1970 – Capel Celyn, Frongoch, near Bala, and LG, 1976. In 1984 Holmes had a solo show, Gwynedd – to live “in what most people would The Naked and the Nude, at City Museum & Art 168

Gallery, Peterborough, influences being “a long- Manchester University. Showed at Manchester standing admiration for the Spanish poet Federico City Art Gallery, Derby Art Gallery and elsewhere. Garcia Lorca and a deepening sense of outrage at Wrote several books, including Applied the political and social blunders of our time”. From Perspective and The Art of Interior Decoration. 1998 lived in St Ives, Cornwall. Among later While he was at the Manchester College Holmes, exhibitions were Salthouse Gallery, St Ives, and who was familiar with developments at the Greenwoods, Peterborough, both 1996; Penwith Bauhaus and in Scandinavia, introduced what was Society, St Ives, from 1996 (solo, 1996); probably the first basic design course in an English Fermynwoods Contemporary Art, Brigstock, from art school, although he regarded the period prior 1998 (including a shared exhibition with Neil to World War II, teaching colour theory at the Canning, 2002); The New Millennium Gallery, St Architectural Association, as his most important Ives, from 2000; Gildenburgh Gallery, such achievement. Lived in Naphill, Peterborough, and Roger Billcliffe Fine Art Buckinghamshire. Glasgow, both 2001; and Penhaven Gallery, John HOLMES 1935– Artist working in oil, acrylic Peterborough, from 2001. and Caran d’Ache who studied with Tom Eckersley Frank HOLMES 1960– Painter and teacher who at London College of Printing. He was an art graduated in fine art from University of Ulster, director in advertising and was involved in that Belfast, 1990. Went on to teach at St Mary’s field and illustrated publishing throughout the Training College, 1991, and Dunmurry High world for 20 years. He had group appearances School, 1991–2. Took part in many group shows throughout Europe and solo shows with Nicholas in the Belfast area, including Works on Paper and Treadwell Gallery; Galerie L’Oeil Écoute, in Lyon; Beyond the Partitions, both in 1994 and put on by and Galerie “W”, Annemass. Female Eunuch was the Queen Street Studios, Belfast, with which a notable work of a painter interested in Surrealism. Holmes was associated. Holmes participated in Museum of Modern Art in New York holds his workshops, including The East Belfast Festival, work. Lived at Gooderstone, King’s Lynn, Norfolk. 1991, and The Adventure Playground, Berlin, 1992, taking part in both the Belfast/Berlin Katharine HOLMES 1962– Landscape painter, born Exchange and the Belfast/Bristol Exchange in that in Malhamdale, near Airton, Yorkshire, with a studio in Malham, whose subject was the local year. limestone terrain which she began painting in 1990. Gilbert HOLMES 1952– Sculptor of steel abstracts, Her grandmother was the Dales painter Constance born in Otley, Yorkshire. He studied at Hull College Pearson. Studied fine art at Newcastle University of Art and St Martin’s School of Art. Was included and Gateshead College and exhibited regularly, in Garden Exhibition 2, Camden Arts Centre, 1978. including 1996 Leeds Art Fair, and kept an open studio. Her landscapes were “not so much portraits Lived for a time in London. of the landscape but evocations of the atmosphere John HOLMES 1893–1980 Painter, teacher, of a place”. Holmes’s show at Bruton Gallery, administrator and writer, born in Derby, son of the Leeds, in 2000 included views of the America’s watercolourist George Holmes, married the painter New England coast, in which gravel, grass, flotsam Vera Cathleen Taylor. Studied at Slade School of and jetsam were used with her mixed-media paint Fine Art, 1918–20, under Henry Tonks and Philip in a bid for authenticity. A second exhibition, in Wilson Steer, Royal College of Art, 1920–1, in 2001, portrayed the Yorkshire moors. In 2002, Sweden and Germany. He went on to teach, Bruton Gallery showed Holmes in its inaugural including periods at Harrow School and as show at The Leeds Club. She had a solo exhibition principal of the Regional College of Art, at New Academy Gallery in 2003. Manchester, also lecturing in education at 169

Keith HOLMES 1944– Artist in oil, pastel and charcoal, conservator and teacher, born in Richmond, Yorkshire. He gained a fine art degree at West Surrey College of Art and Design, Farnham, 1969–73 (teachers including Robin Ball and Harold Cheesman), then a diploma in paper conservation at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1973–5. He was a fellow of the International Institute of Conservation. In 1977, Holmes was visiting professor teaching conservation at postgraduate level at New York University. During the 1970s and 1980s, he ran his own private press, producing limited editions which he printed, illustrated and bound by hand. His work can be found in the British Library, Victoria & Albert Museum and Trinity College in Dublin. British war artists influenced Holmes’ work, in which sound draughtsmanship, detached analysis of spatial depth, a strong sense of colour and the fall of light were features. Holmes was artist-inresidence at the Science Museum, 1994–6, and painted a portrait of its director, Sir Neil Cossons. In 1990, work was commissioned by the officers’ mess of the Royal Marines to commemorate the close of the School of Music, Deal. Holmes’ many mixed shows included RSMA, PS, NEAC, ROI and Guild of Aviation Artists. Had a solo show at Greenwich Theatre Art Gallery, 1985, later ones including Royal Albert Hall, Army Flying Museum and Imperial College, all 1997, and The Royal College of Pathologists, 1998. Fragmented, Holmes’ highly successful “Impressions of War and Recovery in South East Asia”, at The Tank Museum, Bovington, 2002, attracted 60,000 visitors despite the lack of publicity or critical coverage. Women on Water, at Riverside Gallery, Richmond, Surrey, was held in 2003, Venice is in the Detail at The Millinery Works in 2005. Holmes was based in East Molesey, Surrey.

1927–8 in Italy. Held a number of design consultancy posts and teaching positions, finally as principal of Leicester College of Art, 1934–56. Exhibited RA, NEAC, Fine Art Society, RHA, in the provinces and abroad and showed with war artists at National Gallery, London, during World War II. Victoria & Albert Museum and a number of provincial galleries hold his work. Wrote and broadcast on art. Holmes was especially noted as a fine architectural draughtsman. Lived for much of his life in Leicester, but retired near Boscastle, Cornwall.

Untrained watercolourist, born in Lusaka in what became Zambia, West Africa. She spent her early life there before returning to England where she settled in Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, setting up a studio open to the public part-time. Holmes was noted for her delicate watercolour views of the Cotswolds and for pictures of cats, reproduced as prints, cards and calendars by a number of commercial companies.

Lesley HOLMES 1958–

Marcus HOLMES 1875–1951 Painter, printmaker and

teacher, born in Ipswich, Suffolk. Studied at Aberdeen School of Art, 1896–9, three years as a scholar at Herkomer School at Bushey, also in Paris and Florence. Holmes was a keen athlete, playing soccer for Dorset, cricket for Aberdeenshire, hockey for Hertfordshire and was a good middleand long-distance runner. Was art master and a housemaster at Monmouth School, 1906–46, and was an Oxford University extension lecturer on art history, an occasional pungent remark showing that he was not in sympathy with every modern development. In 1930 with his wife, also an artist, Holmes formed the Wye Valley Arts Club (later Society). Exhibited RA, RCamA, RWA as an associate, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and Paris Salon. National Museum of Wales in Cardiff Kenneth HOLMES 1902– Painter, printmaker, writer, and Newport Museum and Art Gallery hold designer and teacher. Born in Skipton, Yorkshire, examples. Lived in Monmouth. Holmes attended the School of Art there, 1919– Mary Dawson HOLMES: see Mary Dawson Elwell 21, Leeds College of Art, 1921–3, with periods at Central School of Arts and Crafts and Chelsea Paul Roberts-HOLMES 1964– Sculptor and teacher School of Art, Royal College of Art, 1923–7, then who did a foundation course at Roehampton 170

Institute, 1983–4, then a diploma in fine art at RA Schools, 1984–7. He became curator of Roche Court Sculpture Park and was an outreach tutor for RA. He showed at RA Summer Exhibitions from 1987, also at New Art Centre Sculpture Park from 1988, Crypt Gallery, 1990, and 1st RWA Open Sculpture Exhibition, 1993. Leicester County Council holds his work. Lived in East Winterslow, Wiltshire.

Philip HOLMES 1931– Painter and teacher whose father, John Holmes, was a wood-carver. He studied at St Martin’s School of Art, 1948–53, then in 1953 Hammersmith College of Art, also attending Borough Polytechnic classes under David Bomberg, whose teaching had a lasting effect on his work. In 1954 Holmes attended L’Académie de la Grande Chaumière, Paris, and in that summer Borough Bottega, Ronda, where he completed notable canvases. Holmes went on to teach at Havering Technical College. Painted widely abroad, including Israel, France, Greece, Italy and America. Showed solo at RBA Galleries, ICA, Studio Gallery and Beaux Arts Gallery. Was included in Borough Group show at Fine Art Associates, 1989.

Ronald HOLMES 1924–1970s Printmaker and teacher who studied at Sheffield and Royal Colleges of Art. He taught at Willesden School of Art, next at the College of Art in Leeds, where he lived, where he was head of printmaking, then of graphic design. Lino-cuts were a notable feature of his output. Was included in The Teaching Image, a Leeds College of Art staff show at Leeds City Art Gallery in 1964. Also took part in Arts Council travelling exhibitions. British Museum holds the work of Holmes, who was remembered as having “a good teaching ethic” by his Leeds student Derek Hyatt, who found a dead crow on Holmes’ instruction for his outstanding print of that title. Holmes and his wife were killed in a car crash in the 1970s. British Museum holds colour woodcuts by him.

modelled in clay and cast in bronze, and claimed Michelangelo, Rodin and Epstein as influences. He studied for a year at the Maryland Institute and at the New School in New York “at a class given by Chaim Gross. I lasted an hour.” Holofcener took part in group exhibitions in Bucks County, Pennsylvania; Princeton, New Jersey; and in London. Had a first solo show at Gibbes Museum, Charleston, South Carolina, 1977, and latterly at Bruton Street Gallery, 1996, and The Catto Gallery, 2002. Catto commissioned Holofcener to produce a limited-edition maquette of his life-size sculpture Allies (Churchill and Roosevelt), unveiled in Bond Street in 1995. Other works by him included Faces of Olivier (28 in bas-relief), unveiled by Lord Olivier in 1985 at Chichester Theatre, Sussex; and Thomas Paine, unveiled in 1997 at Bordentown, New Jersey. For the stage, Holofcener wrote Mr Wonderful, starring Sammy Davis, Jr, on Broadway. His plays included Before You Go, Broadway and West End, and The Bench, offBroadway. He acted on Broadway in Stop The World and Hello, Dolly. After he had settled in Ventnor, Isle of Wight, Holofcener began singing there in cabaret. With his wife gained British citizenship. Mrs Sammy Davis, Jr; Mayor Joseph Riley and the Unitarian Church, both in Charleston; AT&T, New Jersey; Actor’s Equity in New York and British Equity; and the Screen Actor’s Guild, New York, hold Holofcener’s work. Charlie HOLT 1947– Printmaker, painter, computer

artist and teacher, born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire. He studied at Rochdale College of Art, 1964–6, with a travelling scholarship to Italy; then gained first-class diploma at Loughborough College of Art, 1966–9; obtained art teacher’s certificate from Brighton Polytechnic, 1969–70; then his master’s degree at Manchester Polytechnic, 1984–5. Holt went on to teach in schools and colleges, latterly at Liverpool Institute of Higher Education. Influences on his work cited were Hitchens, Dufy, Gauguin, Morandi and Magritte. Holt’s pictures had “their roots in the Garden of Eden, in a cycle Lawrence HOLOFCENER 1926– Sculptor, playwright, lyricist, actor and director, born in of life”. Exhibitions included Manchester Baltimore, Maryland, America. Holofcener Academy, from 1977; Liverpool Academy, 1980; 171

RA Summer Exhibitions, from 1982; Hanover Gallery, Liverpool, 1986; Royal Festival Hall, 1990; and Colin Jellicoe Gallery, Manchester, 1992. Lived at Croston, Lancashire.

Eric Stace HOLT 1944–1997 Painter, especially in tempera, and draughtsman, brought up in Surrey where he initially worked as a painter in Purley, later living near Sandringham, Norfolk. Attended Epsom and Ewell School of Art, 1959–62, where his teachers included Eric Rodway and Leslie Worth; then Wimbledon School of Art, but left after a short time to paint on his own. Economic demands caused him to take up a number of deadend jobs, then he freelanced as a glass painter and antiques restorer, which revived his interest in painting. Showed in mixed exhibitions at RBA and RA, where his pictures prompted an overwhelming response from public and dealers. Had several oneman shows in 1970s with Maltzahn Gallery, later showing with Piccadilly Gallery. Holt’s work falls into two broad categories: Biblical incidents in modern dress and scenes from country and suburban life. The design element is strong, the artist distorting figures if he felt it necessary. Holt was a slow, meticulous and self-critical artist, with a strong interest in the countryside, its crafts and pursuits. He continued to work, even after contracting the brain cancer that killed him. A memorial exhibition, Eric Holt and His Brothers (Roy Holt and Ronnie Copas), was held at King’s Lynn Festival, 1998.

Singer and artist, originally Gertrude Sallon, the youngest of a large and talented family. Like her sister, Lily Anderson, who became a soprano in South Africa, Gertrude sang in Gilbert and Sullivan productions at a youth club run by the founder of Liberal Judaism in Britain, Lily Montague. Like her brother the caricaturist Ralph Sallon of the Daily Mirror, she was also an artist, and studied for five years at Hammersmith School of Art when she could take time off from the family dress shop in Westbourne Grove. After marriage at 23 Gertrude concentrated on music, taking singing lessons with Dino Borjiolo. Family commitments and the need to run her husband Gila HOLT 1910–2004

Morris’s dress shops while he was absent in World War II confined her engagements to the London area. Holt, who could sing in nine languages and was famed for her lower register, filled the Wigmore Hall, Royal Albert Hall and Royal Festival Hall with her recitals, but declined a concert tour of America. Neither did she want to be a member of an opera company, although in the 1950s she took leading roles in television operas and participated in other music programmes. Retiring in her prime aged 55 she moved to Israel, where her architect-turned-cartoonist son Martin Holt had settled. Based in Caesarea, she resumed painting seriously and produced many portraits, notably one of the country’s first prime minister, the impatient David Ben-Gurion. As Gila Holt she had her first show in 1967 at the Conduit Street Gallery: almost 200 works, busy, colourful crowd scenes and dancers being favoured subjects.

Gwynneth HOLT 1909–1995 Sculptor in a variety of

materials, born in Wednesbury, Staffordshire, married to the sculptor T B Huxley-Jones, later to the Right Reverend Eric Gordon. After a convent education in Birmingham Holt studied at Wolverhampton School of Art, 1925–30, under the sculptor Robert Emerson. Holt’s work could be graceful and stylised, as shown in the three examples in Arthur T Broadbent’s 1949 monograph Sculpture Today in Great Britain 1940–1943. She was a fellow of RBS and was for a time an associate of RBSA. Also showed at RA, in the provinces and with Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. St Felix’ School in Southwold; St Margaret Church, Downham; and the Church of the Immaculate Conception, Chelmsford, hold examples, as do Aberdeen, Leamington and Wolverhampton public galleries. Lived in Eynsham, Oxfordshire.

Herbert HOLT 1891–1978 Portrait painter in oil, son

of stained glass artist Henry Holt. Attended St Helens School of Art, Liverpool School of Art and Slade School of Art. Exhibited RA, RCamA, Paris and Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, which holds his work. In 1958 he published Portrait Painting in Oils. Member of Chelsea Arts Club and lived latterly in London.


Lilian HOLT 1898–1983 Painter, born in London. She

attended Putney School of Art, but economic necessity forced her to work for Prudential Assurance Company from 1915–22, when she studied at Regent Street Polytechnic School of Art. Married to the art and antiques dealer Jacob Mendelson, 1923–8, then married the painter David Bomberg. Painted with Bomberg widely overseas and became a founder-member of Borough Group, showing Archer Gallery, Arcade Gallery and elsewhere. Had a retrospective at Ben Uri Gallery in 1980, from which Tate Gallery bought a landscape, like much of her work strongly influenced by Bomberg, called Tajo Ronda. After Bomberg’s death Lilian, supported by her daughter Dinora Mendelson, also a member of the Borough Group, devoted years to promoting David Bomberg’s work. Roy HOLT 1942– Painter and teacher, born in Sutton,

Surrey. He studied at Epsom and Ewell School of Art, 1959–62, Royal Academy Schools, 1962–6, and Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1985–7. Became a senior lecturer at Liverpool Polytechnic. Holt participated in many group shows, notably in London, and his related abstract canvases Bands Eroded were included in John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1989–90. Had a solo exhibition Contexts and Thresholds at Flaxman Gallery, 1989, another at Dean Clough Contemporary Art Gallery, Halifax, 1990. Lived in London.

Artist and teacher who worked in oil, charcoal, ciment fondu and screenprinting. He studied at Chelsea School of Art, 1963–6, then Royal College of Art, 1967–70, teachers including Patrick Caulfield and Ken Kiff. Holtom worked as an art therapist, 1970–80; from 1984–94 ran residential courses in Wales, where he settled at Llechryd, Cardigan; then was a fulltime artist. His main works included paintings of oak trees, hill landscapes and dancers. Group shows included Fountain Gallery, Llandeilo; Dyfed Open; PS Annual; and Y Tabernacl, Museum of Modern Art, Wales, in Machynlleth, which holds his work. Solo shows included Battersea Arts Centre; Chapter Arts, Cardiff; CCA Gallery, Bath; Oriel Contemporary Art, 1995; and Ozten Zeki Gallery, 1996, where his exhibition The Road to Mensano indicated Holtom’s liking for powerful colours and a simplification of shape in landscape. Later oneman shows included further exhibitions at Oriel Contemporary and Ozten Zeki, also Peter’s Barn, Petworth, 1998; St David’s Hall, Cardiff, 1999; Bank Street Gallery, Sevenoaks, from 1999; Star Gallery, Lewes, from 2000; Roche Gallery, Rye, 2002; Woodbine Contemporary, Spalding, 2004; and White Rock Theatre Gallery, Hastings, 2005. In 2000, Holtom had a residency at Fondacion Valparaiso, Spain, and he also latterly taught in Spain and Italy. Lived in St Leonards-on-Sea, Sussex. Robin HOLTOM 1944–

Painter, the youngest of the shortlisted finalists for the Jerwood Painting Whiteway, Gloucestershire, who studied at Prize, 2003. She gained a postgraduate diploma at Gloucestershire College of Art and Design, 1979; the Slade School of Fine Art, 1996. Holtom won with Francis Hewlett at Falmouth School of Art, several awards, including a Woo Charitable 1980–3, gaining a first-class honours degree; then Foundation Bursary and the Duveen Travel did a postgraduate diploma in painting, 1983–6, Scholarship. She used that to travel to Kenya, under Peter Greenham. Taught adult education where she researched and documented Swahili art classes from 1988. Was elected RWS in 1992. forms in Mombasa and Lamu. Her trips also Mixed exhibitions included Newlyn Orion Gallery included the University of Iowa, in America. in Penzance, 1982, RA Summer Exhibitions from 1985, NEAC from 1987, and Wherry Quay Gallery, Dora HOLZHANDLER 1928– Painter in the naïve Ipswich, from 1991. Shared a show with Victoria style, born in France. She became a student at Rees at Cadogan Contemporary, 1994. Lived in Anglo-French Art Centre in London in 1946 where she met her future husband, George Swinford, and London. settled in Hampstead. She exhibited at Young Brenda HOLTAM 1960– Painter and teacher, born in

Suzanne HOLTOM 1966–


Contemporaries in 1949 and at Beaux Arts Gallery in 1954 in mixed exhibitions, and many such appearances followed in Britain and abroad. Had a solo exhibition at Chenil Gallery in 1960, others including a series at Langton Gallery in the 1970s, Concourse Gallery, 1984–5, Crane Kalman, 1985, Graham Modern Gallery in New York in 1986, Bowmoore Gallery, 1989–91, Beaux Arts, Bath, 1996, Judy Saslow Gallery, Chicago, America, 1998, and Piano Nobile Fine Paintings, 2001 and 2004. Among Holzhandler’s later travels was a trip to Dharamsala, India, in 2002, for an audience with His Holiness The Dalai Lama of Tibet with her husband George and granddaughters Tara and Eve. Eric Newton, the Manchester Guardian critic, called Holzhandler’s work that of “a temperamental primitive … colourful as a Persian illumination, always brilliant, but never harsh.” Nuffield Foundation, Museum of London, the Gallery of Modern Art in Glasgow, Brighton Art Gallery and Museum and a number of notable private collectors hold examples. Retrospective at the Ben Uri Gallery, 2006. Gordon HOME 1878–1969 Painter, draughtsman and

Society Club.

Arthur HOMESHAW 1933– Artist

in various media and teacher who attended West of England College of Art, Bristol, 1951–4, then 1956–7. He went on to teach at Queen Elizabeth’s School in Crediton, Devon, where he lived. Homeshaw completed a mural for Temple Meads Station, Bristol. He was a member of RWA, which holds his work, and showed at RA, RE and elsewhere. Had a one-man show with Patricia Wells Gallery in Thornbury in 1981. Takafumi HOMMA 1964– London-based artist who

was born in Sapporo, Japan. He gained an economics degree from Tokuyama University, 1983–7; did a foundation diploma at Wimbledon School of Art, 1992–3; graduated in fine art, sculpture, from Chelsea College of Art and Design, 1995–8; and gained his master’s there, 1998–9. Homma won a British Postgraduate Award and the Trans-Euro Sculpture Competition, both 1998; North West Arts Board Individual Development Award, 2000; Travel Grant, HCEA, Japan, 2001; and in 2002 North West Arts Board New Creation Award and a Membership Bursary, RBS, of which he was an associate member. Exhibitions included Box Man Project, Margaret Harvey Gallery, St Albans, 2004. This was inspired by Kobo Abe’s story The Box Man, Homma’s own box being a watchtower, easily fabricated and mobile, from which the world could be observed and on the inside of which the artist could record whatever seen.

writer with a special interest in topography and history, British and foreign. Born in London, he was a self-taught painter who showed at RA and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts. Member of Art Workers’ Guild. He had work illustrated in magazines such as The Studio, Connoisseur and Illustrated London News, his books including Yorkshire Coast and Moorland Scenes, 1904, and History and Antiquities of Cyprus, 1958. Lived in St Boswells, Roxburghshire, and in London. Evie HONE 1894–1955 Painter and artist in stained Grace HOMER 1907– Painter, teacher, born in glass, born in Dublin. She was descended from Liverpool. She attended Liverpool College of Art Joseph Hone, brother of the Royal Academician in 1940s, her teachers including Will Penn. She Nathaniel Hone, and she was partly crippled by went on to teach locally, notably at the Mabel infantile paralysis. After studying with Walter Fletcher Technical College, following a period at Sickert at Westminster School of Art Hone attended Liverpool School for the Blind, where she taught Byam Shaw School of Drawing and Painting and art. Took up embroidery and won a prize in the was with Bernard Meninsky at Central School of International Poliomyelitis Embroidery Arts and Crafts. The 1920s were spent largely in Competition in 1958. Also showed pictures at RA, Paris, where she studied briefly with André Lhote, SWA, RBA and elsewhere. Lived in Liverpool then for a much longer period with the pioneer where she was a member of the Sandon Studios Cubist painter and theoretician Albert Gleizes. In 174

1924 Hone and her friend Mainie Jellett shared a show at Dublin Painters’ Gallery. She also showed with the 7 & 5 Society for some years and exhibited widely in Paris, being a founder-member of Abstraction-Création in 1932. Under the influence of Rouault, Hone turned to stained glassmaking, and her burgeoning reputation led to some impressive commissions. Eton College Chapel and St Michael’s in Highgate are two examples, and the Tate Gallery has The Crucifixion by her. Arts Council held memorial show in 1959.

Oxford; London Institute of Education; and corporate collections including Barclays Bank, Citibank and Trust House Forte. Honnor’s pictures caught the essence of a place, sparkling and atmospheric, using a rich palette.

Ernest HOOD 1932–1988 Painter, born in Edinburgh,

son of a lithographer. Studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1952–6. He became a member of the Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, also showing with RSW, RSA, RWS and elsewhere. The Kelvingrove Art Gallery in Glasgow, where Hood Joy HONIGSBERGER 1928– Painter and designer, lived, holds his work. born in Paarl, Cape, South Africa, studying at the Michaelis School of Art, Cape Town, afterwards Harvey HOOD 1946– Sculptor and teacher, born in working for magazines and newspapers as a studio Staffordshire. He studied at Birmingham College designer. In England she enrolled as a mature of Art, 1965–9, and Royal College of Art, 1969– student at Bournville College of Art. The “strong 72. Lectured part-time at Leicester Polytechnic, colour, massive landscapes and light of South 1972–3, then became senior lecturer at Cardiff Africa” influenced her work, as did “the German College of Art and visiting lecturer at various Expressionists, Kandinsky, Matisse, Braque and colleges. Hood’s awards included a prize for young Picasso.” In 1988 with friends she formed the contemporaries from Arts Council, 1971; Octavon Group, in 1997 being elected RBSA. Sainsbury Award, 1973; Arts Council Major Group exhibitions also included Laing Purchase Award, 1981; and artist-in-residence, Competition, winning first prize, Midland Area, Bishop’s Palace, St Davids, 1986. In 1990 he showing at Mall Galleries, 1988; Worcester Art gained a WAC Special Project Grant for Gallery, 1993; RWA, 1996; and Wiseman Gallery, researching the way architects and artists were Oxford, 1999. In 1994 Honigsberger had a solo educated, travelling to many countries. In 1981 show at Corkscrew Gallery, Birmingham, where Hood created Archform at Newport Station, commissioned by British Rail. Participated in many she lived at Alvechurch. exhibitions including The Young Contemporaries, Michael HONNOR 1944– Painter and printmaker who Arts Council tour, 1968; Ikon Gallery, between 1962–8 studied at Oxford University, Birmingham, 1969; Mostyn Art Gallery, Hornsey College of Art and Byam Shaw School Llandudno, 56 Group Show, 1981; Six Sculptors of Drawing and Painting. From 1969 he lived in from Wales, touring Finland, 1987; and Sculpture Devon as an artist whose work was especially at Canterbury, 1991. Solo shows included Oriel, concerned with weather and water: the Atlantic WAC, Cardiff, 1979. In 2002, Hood was reunited coast of Cornwall, Dartmoor rivers and the with Billy Lee in the show Ochreous Earth at RBS Yorkshire Dales. He was director of the print Gallery, having worked and shown with him as a workshop at Dartington Hall Craft Education student. Lived near Raglan, Gwent. Centre and Wilkey’s Moor Print Workshop. Oneman shows included St Catherine’s College, Harry HOODLESS 1913–1997 Artist in oil and Oxford, 1964; Greenwich Theatre Gallery, 1970; tempera and teacher, born in Leeds, where he Exeter Arts Centre from 1984; Sue Rankin Gallery studied at the College of Art, 1929–33, then at from 1988; and Thackeray Gallery, 1996. Royal College of Art, 1933–6, teachers including Collections included many British High Edward Bawden and Eric Ravilious. Hoodless Commissions and Embassies; Worcester College, taught at Norwich School of Art, 1936–9, then at 175

Laird School of Art in Birkenhead, 1939–76, from 1946 being principal. Hoodless was noted for his landscapes featuring dockyard debris and decay, and he cited Seurat, Edward Wadsworth, Tristram Hillier and Graham Sutherland as influences. Hoodless was a member of Liverpool Academy and Wirral Society of Arts. His exhibitions included RA, Leeds City Art Gallery, Bluecoat Gallery in Liverpool and Atkinson Art Gallery, Southport. He also showed at two galleries which hold his work: Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and Williamson Art Gallery in Birkenhead. Lived in West Kirby, Wirral. Charlie HOOKER 1953– Born and based in London,

Hooker was interested in exploring and fusing aspects of music, dance and the visual arts. His systems-based works were focused on specific spaces and were not repeated elsewhere. Hooker studied at Croydon College of Art and Brighton Polytechnic. He produced a series of audio and video tapes. Performances included Six Sound Pieces, Robert Self Gallery, 1975; Percussion Walk 23 (one of a series), Chelsea School of Art, 1978; Tate Gallery, 1981; James Hockey Gallery, Farnham, 1990; and Camden Arts Centre, 1991. In 2002, Hooker began work on Local Stars, a light and sound sculptural installation comprising solar systems maps, which was a public art commission for Gladstone Place, Bow. In 2004 Wave-Wall III was an installation at University of Brighton Gallery, “bringing together, sound, movement and graphic representation.” Arts Council holds examples.

Royal Academy Schools under Tom Monnington in 1931–5. There he won two gold medals, a travelling scholarship and the Rome Scholarship in Painting, which gave him two years in Rome after a few months in Madrid, 1935–8. During World War II Hooper served in Air Raid Precautions and was invited to join the Pilgrim Trust’s Recording Britain project. In the 1950s Hooper designed posters for General Post Office, Esso, Shell and other companies. By then he had begun to teach: from 1943–5 at Watford Grammar School; 1945–77 at Brighton Polytechnic department of fine art; and from 1948–77 he lectured for Workers’ Educational Association, affiliated to London University. A visit in 1958 to Italy appears to have released Hooper’s rich palette, perhaps nurtured in India. In mid-1940s began exhibiting at Leicester Galleries, also appearing in mixed shows with LG and RBA. Later solo shows included Odette Gilbert Gallery, 1984–6, and Sally Hunter Fine Art, 1988, with a memorial show at Michael Parkin Gallery, 1995, and a retrospective at Collyer-Bristow, 2003. Victoria & Albert Museum and British Museum hold examples. Wrote articles for The Artist magazine. Lived in Redhill, Surrey.

Painter of geometrical abstracts, and teacher, born in Morocco, who studied at Camberwell School of Art, 1958–62; Royal College of Art, 1962–5; in latter year won the J Andrew Lloyd Royal College Scholarship for Landscape, which took him to Greece, and an Italian Government Scholarship, to Perugia. A French Government Scholarship enabled Hooper Dora HOOPER fl. c.1920–1960 Painter in oil and to work in Paris in 1965–6, a Canada Council Grant watercolour. Studied at St John’s Wood Art School, facilitating travel in Canada and to New York in 1913–14, under Leonard Walker, then at the Westminster 1969. He also taught in Canada on several Technical Institute. Exhibited UA, RI, SWA, RWS, RCamA occasions. Mixed shows included Young and Paris Salon. Lived near Penzance, Cornwall. Contemporaries at RBA Galleries from 1960; LG George HOOPER 1910–1994 Painter in oil and at same Galleries from 1961; John Moores watercolour, and teacher, born in Gorakhpur, India. Liverpool Exhibition, 1963; RA Summer In 1912 he moved to England to live with his Exhibition, 1965; and Wapping Artists Open grandfather and to be schooled. After two years Studios from 1980. In 1987 Hooper was in The with the Westminster Bank Hooper studied in Summer Show at Jariwala Gallery and in 1989 1930–1 at Slade School of Fine Art, moving to East End Open Studios, at Carpenter’s Road. Solo John HOOPER 1939–


shows included University of Surrey, Guildford, 1976, and Central Space, 1987. Lived in London.

Landscape watercolourist, born and lived in Redhill, Surrey, also home of her nephew the painter George Hooper. She studied at Croydon School of Art under Walter Wallis and James Shannon whose work she much admired, and she also went on sketching parties with William Tatton Winter, to whom she was related through her brother’s marriage. She sketched extensively in England and on the continent. Exhibited at RA, RI, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and RWA and was a member of RSW Art Club. There was an exhibition at Bourne Gallery, Reigate, in 1994. Miriam Mabel HOOPER 1872–1953

Mountains and the Transkei. Hope’s work showed technical mastery of her medium, but was doggedly conservative in style. Represented in many South African galleries as well as British Museum and Victoria & Albert Museum. Died at Kokstad, Cape Province.

Painter in oil and watercolour, born in Edinburgh as Eleanora Anderson Spence. She painted until 1966 as Eleanora Anderson Borrie; “I just used the name Borrie.” She was a student at Edinburgh College of Art, 1935–40, under William Gillies, John Maxwell and Robert Westwater. She “won the highest award for my year and a Travelling Scholarship”. Hope Henderson was elected SSA and won the Guthrie Award. She also showed at HOPE– The collaborative name of Georgie Hopton RA, RSA, RP, with Dumfries Art Society and and Simon Periton (see separate entries). elsewhere in Scotland and England. Solo exhibitions included Woodstock Gallery. Lived in Polly HOPE 1934– Artist who trained as a ballet dancer and subsequently at the Slade School School Achie, New Galloway, Kirkcudbrightshire. of Fine Art. Hope worked extensively throughout Don HOPES 1935– Artist, born in Bristol, originally Europe. Although she studied initially as a painter trained as an engineer, who studied painting at and sculptor, she made her reputation with large Slade School of Fine Art. For a time he worked quilted fabric works, mostly on an architectural with the sculptor Kenneth Martin. An example of scale. Commissions included Cwmbran New Hopes’ cleverly engineered kinetic sculpture is the Town, St Peter’s Church in Whitstable, the aluminium Untitled, 1983, in Portsmouth City headquarters of NMB Bank, Amsterdam, and the Museum and Art Gallery’s garden. Exhibitions Victoria & Albert Museum. She had many solo included that gallery, 1980 and 1983, with a show shows in Europe and America and was the second of drawings at the local Aspex Gallery in 1995 wife of the sculptor Theo Crosby. which had been prepared originally for a room at

Painter, etcher and teacher, born in Manchester, twin sister of the portrait painter Muriel Hollinger and daughter of an art teacher. In 1919 attended Slade School of Fine Art under Henry Tonks and Philip Wilson Steer; was later at Central School of Arts and Crafts. In 1926 her etching Adoration of the Shepherds won Prix de Rome. In 1935–8 taught etching and drawing at the Michaelis School of Fine Art in South Africa, from 1938–57 being a senior lecturer at University of Natal. Exhibited extensively in Britain and South Africa, including RA, NEAC, RE, Natal Society of Artists, South African Academy and on the continent. Frequently painted the Drakensberg Rosa HOPE 1902–1972

Eleanora HOPE HENDERSON 1917–

Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea.

Painter in oil, born in Harrow, Middlesex, who studied at the local School of Art with John Gerald Platt and Christopher Sanders, at Slade School of Fine Art under Claude Rogers and at Royal Academy Schools. Although a brilliant student Hopkins suffered from schizophrenia, which prevented him reaching his full potential. His first wife was the artist Rosa Branson, with whom he shared a show at Woodstock Gallery in 1962. Also exhibited in Four Young Painters at Parsons Gallery, 1955, RA Summer Exhibition RBA, LG and Young Contemporaries. Died from cancer at Royal Alan John HOPKINS 1930–1974


Marsden Hospital, Sutton, Surrey.

Painter and teacher, born Bexhill, Sussex. Graduated from Reading University, 1969, and went on to paint and teach part-time, eventually becoming head of painting at Winchester School of Art. Hopkins’ abstract works evoked huge space and cloud-like forms, his later work having a darker surface with light sources behind. He was represented in a number of survey shows, including the South Bank Centre’s 1988–9 touring exhibition The Presence of Painting. In 1985–6 a one-man show toured Britain including Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, and had solo exhibition at Francis Graham-Dixon Gallery, 1992. Had a studio in Hastings, Sussex. Clyde HOPKINS 1946–

paint into and out of a pre-existing object, evolving it into something entirely new, while at he same time retaining the resonance of what lies beneath… . Look closer, and nothing is quite what it seems.” Arts Council, Aberdeen Art Gallery in Aberdeen, British Council and Saatchi Collection hold examples.

Painter mainly in watercolour with some oils, and teacher, born in Haywards Heath, Sussex, daughter of the artist Norman Clark. She studied at Brighton Art College, 1961–5, teachers including Charles Knight, her father, George Hooper, Raymond Briggs, Justin Todd, John Lord, John Lawrence, Jennifer Dickson and John R Biggs. Hopkins was a part-time teacher with private pupils and did some commission work in early years. After divorce in 1988 she became assistant art teacher at Burgess Hill School and began painting again. Was a member of Sussex Watercolour Society, taking part in group shows at RWS, Southover Gallery in Lewes and at Hove Museum and Art Gallery. Had solo exhibitions at Burstow Gallery in Brighton, Rottingdean Gallery and Terrace Gallery, Worthing. Lived in Cowfold, Sussex. Penny HOPKINS


James HOPKINS 1976– Sculptor, born in Stockport, Cheshire, who completed a foundation course in art and design at Ravensbourne College, 1994–5; graduated with honours in fine art sculpture at University of Brighton, 1995–8; did a postgraduate fine art diploma at Goldsmiths’ College, 2000–1; and his master’s in fine art there, 2001–2. Hopkins was shortlisted for the Jerwood Sculpture Prize in 2003. He took part in many group shows, later ones including Foyer, 291 Gallery, 2001, and Plinth, The Trade Apartment, 2002. In 2003 he had Phill HOPKINS 1961– Sculptor, draughtsman and a solo exhibition at MW projects. lecturer, born in Bristol, who graduated with honours in fine art from Goldsmiths’ College, Louise HOPKINS 1965– Painter, born in 1982–5. He moved to Leeds in 1985, joined Leeds Hertfordshire, who gained a bachelor’s degree in Art Space Society; was artist-in-residence, fine art at Newcastle Polytechnic, 1985–8, and her Alhambra Theatre, Bradford, in 1987; and in 1988 master’s at Glasgow School of Art, 1992–4. Was joined Jacob Kramer College, Leeds, as a visiting included in New Art in Scotland, at CCA, Glasgow, lecturer. Hopkins led many workshops for 1994; Swarm, a Scottish Arts Council touring show, organisations including Leeds City Art Gallery and 1995; and New Contemporaries at Tate Gallery, the Yorkshire Contemporary Art Group. Group Liverpool, and Camden Arts Centre, 1996. Solo shows included New Contemporaries, ICA, 1984; shows included Tramway, Glasgow, and Andrew Surrealism Surveyed – Responses to an Exhibition, Mummery, both 1996; artconnexion, Nice, and Leeds City Art Gallery, 1986; and Showspace Galerie Isabella Kacprzak, Berlin, both 1997; and Summer 87, Winners Exhibition, Elizabethan Galleria Raffaella, Cortese, Milan, 1998. In 2002, Gallery, Wakefield, 1987. Among solo exhibitions Hopkins, who settled in Glasgow, received a were Hartcliffe Arts Festival, Hartcliffe, Bristol, Creative Scotland Award which enabled her to 1984; Drawings, LASS Gallery, Leeds, 1985; and research and produce work for her 2003 show at Sculpture, Cookridge Street Gallery, and Drawings, Andrew Mummery Gallery. In this she “reshaped Wakefield District College, both, 1988. Leeds the surface of things: consciously interweaving Museums and Galleries hold Hopkins’ work, 178

including I Fall to Pieces, mixed media (steel and 1942–5, under Francis Helps, Gilbert Spencer and wastepaper basket), 1991, a characteristically wry Percy Horton. Exhibited RA and Bradford City Art piece. Gallery, Hertfordshire Education Committee buying her work. From 1945 taught at Howell’s John HOPKINSON 1941– Figurative artist who School, Denbigh, north Wales, where she lived. studied at Grimsby School of Art. Among his shows were Drawings of Importance at Roland, Browse Richard HORE 1935– Painter, muralist and teacher, & Delbanco, 1978; Wingfield Gallery, 1988; born in Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, who attended Camden Arts Centre, 1990; and in 1993 he was in Colchester School of Art, 1951–5, teachers Two Plus Two at 33 Mossop Street. Hopkinson’s including John O’Connor, then Royal College of first solo show, at Fox Galleries, Cork Street, was Art, 1956–60, with Leonard Rosoman, Carel a sell-out with flattering national newspaper Weight and Ruskin Spear, winning a silver medal coverage. Another, including quirky street scenes, for mural painting in the latter year. Went on to followed there in 1979. Hopkinson was then living teach at Wrexham College of Art. Showed at RA, in Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire, where he was born. WAC, Mostyn Art Gallery in Llandudno, and elsewhere. National Maritime Museum in Gill HOPLEY 1947– Artist who did a foundation Greenwich holds his work. Lived in Chester, course at Liverpool Polytechnic, 1980–1, then an Cheshire. honours degree there, 1981–4, winning a Sir John Moores Scholarship in final year. She was featured Ronald T HORLEY 1904– Painter and draughtsman in Stowells Trophy Exhibition at RA, 1984; Sir of architectural subjects, born in Pinner, Middlesex. John Moores Scholarship Retrospective, 1985; and Attended Radley College, Berkshire, then studied showed with Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, art at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art, 1921–4, St Merseyside Artists tours from 1985. In 1985 she John’s Wood School of Art and Central School of obtained a Belle Vale Murals Commission. Arts and Crafts. Showed at RA and RI. Lived in London. Georgie HOPTON 1967– Versatile artist, born in north Yorkshire, who studied at St Martin’s School of David HORN 1937– Sculptor, draughtsman and Art, 1986–9. Hopton took part in numerous group teacher, born in London, but moved shortly after exhibitions in Britain and abroad. The largest to Pembroke Dock, Wales, where he attended the survey of Hopton’s work was Laughed – I Could Grammar School. Attended Chelsea School of Art, Have Cried, at firstsite, Colchester, 2003, an 1956–60, then Royal College of Art, 1960–4, occasion shared with Jonathan Callan. Hopton winning the drawing prize in 1964. Left to teach created sculptures, paintings, drawings and at St Martin’s School of Art, followed by other photographs in which humour and sadness teaching posts in London, Leicester, Watford and collided. She continually reworked her own and Nottingham. Showed in many group exhibitions, other artists’ works. Various motifs recurred: magic including AIA Gallery, Young Contemporaries at wands, artists’ palettes, Pierrots and Harlequins, RBA Galleries, Sculpture 60–66 Arts Council as well as an obsession with textured materials, touring exhibition, Time Space at Bristol such as glitter, pom-poms and crazy paving. University, Royal National Eisteddfod and WAC. Hopton collaborated with Simon Periton as Hope In 1965 completed sculpture for Cwmbran New (see separate entries) and with Josephine Soughan. Town. Arts Council owns his bronze Asleep in the Sofa, of 1963–64, and WAC also has work. Lived in London. Ruth HOPWELL 1923– Painter and teacher, initially educated in Northampton. Attended Northampton School of Art, 1939–42, then Royal College of Art,

Eric HORN 1910–1953 Primarily a commercial artist,

Wilfrid Eric Horn was born at West Bergholt, Essex. Studied at Colchester School of Art,


Camberwell School of Art under Eric Fraser, St memorial show was held at Stable Court Galleries, Martin’s School of Art and Sutton School of Art. Temple Newsam, Leeds. He was art director for several advertising agencies. Elizabeth Horoszy-RIDLEY 1948– Artist in paint, Lived in West Wickham, Kent. ceramics and mixed media born in Warsaw, Poland, Winifred HORNBLOWER 1879– Bank clerk who where she studied history of art at Warsaw painted part-time until she retired. She studied at University. Settled in England from 1968, with the Laird School of Art and at RMS with Alyn extended periods in Greece and France. Graduated Williams. Hornblower exhibited extensively at in fine art with honours at London Guildhall Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, RA, RCamA, University (formerly Sir John Cass School). She Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and at worked voluntarily with those suffering from Paris Salon. Was a member of Liver Sketching chronic mental health illnesses and gave Club and lived in Birkenhead, Cheshire. workshops, some for children with learning disabilities. Group shows included Heifer Gallery Anna HORNBY 1914–1996 Painter and calligrapher from 1993; Hop Exchange, part of Southwark who was educated at Westonbirt School, Festival, from 1994; and Etcetera Gallery, 1996. Gloucestershire, eventually settling in the county Solo exhibitions included Ashford Library and in at Upper Slaughter. After a brief period of study the National Museum, Nieborów Palace, Poland, in Italy with landscape and flower painter Aubrey both 1997. Lived in London. Waterfield Hornby attended Byam Shaw School of Drawing and Painting, 1934–40, teachers Michael HOROVITZ 1935– Experimental artist, including Francis Ernest Jackson. She was a performance poet, jazz musician, song writer and member of the Art Workers’ Guild and NEAC, also singer, editor and writer, born in Frankfurt, showing with RA, RWA and RBA. Germany, but moved to London aged two years. Graduated in English at Oxford University, 1954– Jocelyn HORNER 1902–1973 Sculptor and teacher, 9. In the late 1950s was associated with jazz music born in Halifax, where she continued to live. She scene in London and Pop generation. In 1959 entered Leeds School of Art in 1920 to train as a helped to start New Departures publications. sculptor, with Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth Improvised first jazzpoems with Dudley Moore, as fellow students. During the 1920s Miss Horner Joe Harriott, Ronnie Scott and others and was on began a series of children portraits and animal the road in extensive jazz gigs. Conducted Live studies and during World War II became a home New Departures art circuses. In 1963 published teacher for the blind. After 1945 she returned to monograph on artist Alan Davie, by whose work Leeds as a student and in the early 1950s became he was influenced. During 1960s showed at AIA, a part-time teacher of modelling and wood-carving RBA, Ben Uri and ICA. In the 1970s published at the Percival Whitley College, Halifax, also Love Poems, then The Wolverhampton Wanderer. teaching at Halifax Art College. Her later work Horovitz gained the Arts Council Writers’ Award came increasingly under the influence of Jacob in 1978 and the Translators’ Award for the book Epstein, and the 1960s saw her sculptures exhibited Egghead Republic by Arno Schmidt in 1979. Later locally and nationally. Horner won the Leeds Gold activities included compiling and presenting Poetry Medal under the annual award for work by artists Now programmes for BBC Radio 3; publishing born of Yorkshire parents. Her head of a blind man Growing Up: Selected Poems & Pictures 1951– is in the London headquarters of the Royal National 79, in 1979; and launching Poetry Olympics in Institute for the Blind; she did a group of the Brontë 1980. In 1986 his Midsummer Morning Jog Log sisters for the Parsonage Museum, Haworth; and appeared with drawings by Peter Blake, in her bust and hands of Sir John Barbirolli are held memoriam Frances Horovitz. From the mid-1980s by the Hallé Concert Society in Manchester. A returned to substantial art work. Had solo show at 180

Combined Harvest Gallery, 1987; Bop Paintings, Collages, Picture-Poems, 1962–1971, was held at England & Co, 1989; and there was a 50-year retrospective at Amberden Estates in 1997.

Artur HOROWICZ 1898–1962 Commercial artist in tempera and line. Born in Warsaw, he studied art there and in Berlin in the early 1920s. Exhibited in London and on the continent and in Britain illustrated books and drew for such publications as The Illustrated London News and The Sketch. In Poland he had served as artist to the War Ministry, 1927–39, to the Polish Air Force, 1940, and to its Air Ministry, 1943–6. Lived in Surbiton, Surrey. Nancy HORROCKS 1900–1989 Abstract artist with a

fine feeling for texture, born in Compton, Hampshire, daughter of the architect Brook T Kitchin. She attended Winchester High School, also studying at Slade School of Fine Art, 1918– 20, and Chelsea School of Art. Was married to Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Horrocks, notable World War II soldier (their only daughter drowned while swimming in the Thames in 1979), who latterly became a popular television broadcaster on military matters. Horrocks was included in WIAC and travelling exhibitions, 1958–65; New Vision Centre Gallery and Knott Gallery, Dallas, both 1961; Grabowski Gallery, 1962; Heal’s Mansard Gallery, 1964; and in 1965, Bradford and Northampton City Art Galleries and Grosvenor Gallery. Solo exhibitions included AIA Gallery, 1960, and New Gallery, Belfast, 1965. The abstract artist Adrian Heath thought highly of her pictures, writing that “The quality … in all her works is directness.” Lived at Singleton, Sussex; latterly at Knowle Park Nursing Home, Cranleigh; with a funeral at Putney Crematorium.

of the north Wales coast. Horrocks carried out commissions for major companies in the northwest of England and exhibited with arTzu gallery, Manchester. John Whittaker, of Peel Holdings plc, owned Horrocks’s work.

Painter and writer, born in Dalkey, near Dublin, Ireland, commonly known as Eric. He went to Bedales School, then attended Slade School of Fine Art, 1924–8, under Henry Tonks; he gained Slade and Robert Ross Scholarships and was a prizeman. Horsbrugh-Porter’s friends included such fellowstudents as William Coldstream and William Townsend, in whose journals he appears. He was a keen tennis player of high standard. Helped Stephen Bone on his Piccadilly Underground station murals. During World War II HorsbrughPorter served in the Royal Navy as a first lieutenant on aircraft carriers, including Indomitable. In 1929 Horsbrugh-Porter had married Monica Maude, daughter of Captain Anthony Maude and Eva Beresford, of Belgard Castle, Dublin. After the war he joined his father’s stockbroking firm there, Porter, Millard and Irvine. In 1947 HorsbrughPorter, as Eric Porter, published Saturn’s Child, a fairly racy novel based on the life of the Spanish painter Goya, which was translated into several languages. He showed at RHA, 1926–52, also at Cooling Galleries, RA, NEAC, ROI and elsewhere. His most successful works, sometimes commissioned and known in the family as his “grassy pictures”, gave a worm’s eye view of meadows of vetch, ladybirds, and so on. Latterly he used coloured glass in large landscapes and seascapes, one being bought by Shelbourne Hotel, Dublin. Sometimes signed his pictures with the initials H P.

William Eric Horsbrugh-PORTER 1905–1985

born in London. She studied at Central School of Art and Design, Salford, Lancashire, who graduated from 1982–3. Moved to the Isle of Skye, in 1985 she Manchester Polytechnic. In 2002 he was involved began drawing with Malcolm Bell, their drawings in an art workshop at Manchester Museum. being joint efforts; each had the right to make and Horrocks’s work in oils was realistic, bordering obliterate marks. An example of their abstract work on Photo-Realism, subjects including cityscapes, was Twentysixth Drawing, in 1992 East & South portraits and landscapes, latterly including a series Norwich Gallery/Kent Institute of Art and Design Philip HORROCKS 1958– Painter, born and lived in

Hannah HORSFALL 1963– Artist,


show. Eventually worked in London.

Gallery, Oxford, 1962; Heal’s Mansard Gallery, 1968; Sheffield University, 1980; Digby Gallery, Nicholas HORSFIELD 1917–2005 Artist in graphic Colchester, from 1984; St John’s, Smith Square, media and oils and teacher, born in New Malden, 1987; The Old Fire Engine House, Ely, 2000–1. Surrey. He studied at Royal College of Art, 1935– 8, under Sir William Rothenstein, Percy Jowett Hamish HORSLEY 1950– Sculptor, draughtsman and and Gilbert Spencer, then after war service, 1939– photographer, widely known for public art works, 46, became Arts Council regional officer for visual notably the Tibetan Peace Gardens adjacent to the arts for the northwest region in Manchester, 1948– Imperial War Museum, 1997, opened by His 56. From 1956–77 Horsfield lectured at Liverpool Holiness The Dalai Lama. Horsley was born in College of Art/Liverpool Polytechnic, then became New Zealand, studying there at Canterbury part-time faculty tutor in life drawing, 1977–82. University Art School, 1969–70. Moved to London Horsfield was a member of Liverpool Academy in the mid-1970s, graduating first-class from the of Art from 1954, being president, 1960–5, and City & Guilds of London Art School, 1979, gaining was also a member of Merseyside Contemporary his master’s at the Royal College of Art, 1982–6. Artists. Solo shows included Bluecoat Chambers, His career mixed intensely concentrated work, Liverpool, from 1963; University of Sheffield, sometimes on a smaller scale, and extensive travels, 1974; University of Durham, 1975; and Chateau specifically in India, China and Tibet. Awards Musée in Dieppe and Camden Arts Centre, 1984. included Madame Tussaud’s Sculpture Award, Sickert and de Staël were both influences on 1978; City & Guilds Sculpture Prize, 1979; Henry Horsfield’s work and Normandy was a recurring Moore Foundation Study Bursary, 1985; and a subject from the early 1950s as the landscape of Barings Bank Travel Award, 1990. Among the Crosby area of Liverpool, where he settled, Horsley’s exhibitions were Camden Arts Centre, was to become. Arts Council, Liverpool University, 1983; Chisenhale Gallery, 1986; Commonwealth Atkinson Art Gallery in Southport, Manchester Institute Galleries, 1991; Hannah Peschar City Art Galleries, Chateau Musée and Walker Art Sculpture Garden, Ockley, 1992; and New Art Gallery in Liverpool (which gave Horsfield a Centre, East Winterslow, 1998. retrospective in 1997) hold examples. Horsfield died shortly after an exhibition of his figurative Malcolm HORSLEY 1925–1991 Painter and drawings and paintings opened at the University yachtsman, born in Sydney, Australia. After active Army service in Far East Horsley studied painting of Liverpool. with Desidirius Orban and at Sydney College of Susan HORSFIELD 1928– Artist in wide variety of Art, graduating in 1950. He moved to London and media and teacher, born in Poona, India. She managed the Savage Gallery. Although he painted graduated in fine art from Regent Street in Spain and Corsica, producing figurative, lyrical Polytechnic School of Art in 1952, teachers having work, and having shows in London, Barcelona and included Patrick Millard, Norman Blamey, David Paris, Horsley’s interest in art had by the early Smith and Ian Mackay. She did varied freelance 1960s begun to give way to his early passion for work alongside teaching, including James Gardner sailing, dating back to the building of his own Associates. From 1969–86 she was head of art dinghy in Sydney in the early 1940s. From the department at Farrington’s School, Chislehurst, 1960s he raced, chartered and refitted seagoing also lecturing in further education and at field study yachts; at Porto Cervo in Sardinia running the port, centres. Lived at Bessels Green, Sevenoaks, Kent, the charter boat company, berth sales and acting drawing on the Shoreham Valley landscape for her as a consultant; established himself as an work. Horsfield was a member of WIAC. She independent marine surveyor and worked for three showed with RBA, RWS and LG. Had a solo show years with Northrop and Johnson of Cannes; and at Walker’s Galleries, others including Bear Lane formed Malcolm J Horsley International. Lived in 182

his own-build house in Corsica for a time, where Francis Cecil HORSTMANN 1906–1968 Painter, he also farmed. Died in Singapore. calligrapher, decorator and teacher, born at Westonsuper-Mare, Somerset, where he studied at the Sebastian HORSLEY 1962– Painter and writer, School of Art, followed by Royal College of Art. ejected from St Martin’s School of Art, who then He held a series of art teaching posts in led a precarious life. He was a professional Northampton, London, Glasgow and Bristol, where gambler, business partner of the former Glasgow he was vice-principal and head of the design school gangster-turned writer and sculptor Jimmy Boyle, at the West of England College of Art. He wrote a a male escort, heroin and crack addict and number of books on painting, drawing and columnist for the magazine Erotic Review. building. Lived at Weston-super-Mare. Exhibitions included The Flowers of Evil, at Grosvenor Gallery, 1999, in which, having dived Brian HORTON 1933– Artist, notably in gouache. with the great white shark off Australia, Horsley Studied at Cheltenham College of Art, worked in “tried to paint flowers as wounds.” Crucifixion, at the City of London and was a picture restorer before 1-5 Crucifix Lane, 2002, in pictures and a film deciding to paint full-time. Horton painted the commemorated the artist’s nailing to a cross on English countryside and coastal areas, his pictures the Philippines island of San Fernando, where each having an ethereal, visionary quality. Had several year 10 volunteers agree to undergo the ordeal for exhibitions with David Messum, in Beaconsfield and London. Lived in an old rectory in Taplow, half an hour. Buckinghamshire, which he and his artist wife Kathleen Finlay HORSMAN 1911–1998 Artist in Sheila covered with paintings, including painted gouache and potter, born in London. Studied at car hub caps, inside and out. Three daughters were Hornsey School of Art, 1929–33, with John Moody, artists. Messum’s included landscapes by Horton then at the Royal College of Art, 1933–7, with in Twentieth Century British Art in 2005. William Staite Murray, the potter. She held a number of teaching positions, notably at Edinburgh George HORTON 1859–1950 Painter, notably in College of Art. Exhibited RSA, SSA and elsewhere watercolour, printmaker and teacher, born in North in Scotland, signing her work H. RSA holds her Shields, Northumberland. He had an unhappy work. Lived in Edinburgh, where the Scottish childhood, working as a delivery boy in his father’s Gallery held a memorial exhibition in 1999. butcher’s shop, in the evenings copying reproductions of old masters in the Free Library. Walter HORSNELL 1911–1997 Painter and designer, Encouraged by local art enthusiasts, Horton began born in Ware, Hertfordshire. He studied at Bolt to support himself as a professional artist after Court School of Art and St Martin’s School of Art. leaving home. He took a studio and advertised Between 1929–39 Horsnell was a graphic artist lessons in art. In about 1918 Horton settled for various London art studios, then was art permanently in London, by which time was designer for motion picture presentation, 1936–9. establishing a wide reputation, and in 1922 had his Was in photographic reconnaissance in Royal Air first one-man show in Britain at Greatorex Gallery. Force, 1941, then was an official technical He also showed at Laing Art Gallery in Newcastle, illustrator with Ministry of Aircraft Production, at RA, RSA and to much acclaim in Netherlands 1942–7. Horsnell was noted for his landscapes and and Paris. The artist continued to make regular townscapes in Britain and abroad. Showed in RA, visits to northeast England and, after his London RBA and elsewhere, solo exhibitions including studio was bombed in 1940, lived in Spital Harrogate Festival, 1970. Grundy Art Gallery in Tongues, Newcastle, until 1945, but died in Blackpool and Lambeth Palace hold examples. London. Mills, canals and coastal scenes in Holland Lived in Harrogate, Yorkshire. and the northeast were his speciality. Memorial and centenary shows were held at South Shields 183

Public Library and Museum in 1951 and 1959; born in Brighton, Sussex. Studied at Brighton Moss Galleries, Hexham, held and exhibition in School of Art, 1918–20, where he had a scholarship. Horton was a man of strong radical 1982. convictions, and because he was an absolute James HORTON 1948– Painter, teacher and writer conscientious objector he had to endure two years’ who was included in The Garrick/Milne Prize, hard labour in Carlton Prison, Edinburgh, 1916– 2003, with his oil on canvas of Andy Moffat. 18, during World War I. From 1916–18 was at Horton attended Sir John Cass Art School, 1964– Central School of Arts and Crafts under A S 6; City and Guilds of London Art School, 1966– Hartrick and Ernest Jackson, then with a Royal 70, in the latter year winning a Travelling Exhibition attended Royal College of Art, under Scholarship to Florence; and Royal College of Art Randolph Schwabe and Allan Gwynne-Jones, painting school, 1971–4, gaining his master’s. 1922–5. Horton went on to teach at the Royal Horton was artist-adviser to Winsor & Newton for College, 1930–49, where he was a highly respected Paint and Painting, Tate Gallery, 1982, and taught figure, becoming Ruskin Master of Drawing at widely, including part-time at Sir John Cass, Mary Oxford University, 1949. Taught voluntarily at the Ward Centre and Anglia Polytechnic University. Working Men’s College, London, for a time. He also ran painting and drawing classes in the Horton’s social commitment is evident also in his United Kingdom and abroad. He was a contributor early membership of the AIA, writings in the New to The Artist from 1976, also to other art magazines. Left Review and subject matter, such as his picture Among his books were Composition, 1994, Skin Unemployed Man, held by Sheffield City Art Tones, 1995, and Pastel Techniques, 2000. Horton Galleries, which held a major show of his work in participated in numerous mixed exhibitions in 1982. Tate Gallery also holds his picture The London and the provinces, including the RA Invalid, of his mother. Horton was a realistic Summer Exhibition, National Portrait Gallery, painter, influenced by Cézanne, who showed from NEAC, RP, and RBA of which he was a member. 1926 with NEAC, also RA and Goupil Gallery. Had a series of solo exhibitions from 1974, later His younger brother was the artist Ronald Horton. ones including Collection Gallery, Stockholm, Lived in Lewes, Sussex. Sweden, 1981; Broughton House Gallery, Cambridge, 1990; and Sebastian Pearson Gallery, Ronald HORTON 1902–1981 Painter, draughtsman, Cambridge, from 1993. In 2002 Horton was artist- printmaker, photographer, teacher and bibliophile in-residence for the Friends of Mount Athos and with strong left-wing convictions, born and died was artist-demonstrator at Art in Action, in Brighton, Sussex, brother of the artist Percy Waterperry House, Oxford. His portrait Horton. He studied at Brighton School of Art, commissions included Brenda Ryman, late mistress 1919–23, in 1924 moving to London to work for of Girton College, Cambridge; Lord and Lady the sculptor William Aumonier. From 1920 until Hemingford; Sir Eli Lauterpacht and Catherine, his death Horton was a member of the Communist Lady Lauterpacht; and Professor Thomas Party, and from 1924–6 he was politically very Sherwood, professor of radiology, Addenbrooke’s active, working part-time for the book dealer Birrell Hospital, Cambridge. Horton lived in Cambridge. & Garnett (his collection of Russian children’s books went to the Victoria & Albert Museum, his Julie HORTON 1965– Painter, designer and illustrator games, puzzles and toys to the University of Wales, who studied at Solihull College of Technology and Aberystwyth) and studied in the evenings at St Kingston Polytechnic. She was featured in The Martin’s School of Art. Horton gained a scholarship Discerning Eye exhibition at Mall Galleries, 1990, to the Royal College of Art under William and in 1991 at England & Co in Art in Boxes. Rothenstein, 1926–9, and visited Paris. Between 1930–40 Horton’s many activities included helping Percy HORTON 1897–1970 Painter and draughtsman, 184

Rex Whistler with murals and stage sets; a Master of Science degree at London University researching for Stanley Morison’s The English and wanted to research in seismology but Newspaper; extensive teaching (from 1932–55 abandoned this when with her mother she went to part-time with Parmiter’s School, Bethnal Green), North Africa to help neglected and suffering including lectures to teachers on child art; showing animals. She was founder of the Nature Cure Clinic at RA, NEAC, Bloomsbury and Zwemmer in London and was involved in founding the Free Galleries; and contributing to Athene, Art & Craft Painters and Sculptors. Also showed with WIAC, and Education. In 1944 Horton returned to RBA, ROI and had many solo shows in Britain Brighton as head of art teacher training at the and overseas. Published A North African Diary School of Art, retiring officially in 1966, but not and a book of poems entitled Children of Allah. from work. In the 1950s and 1960s Horton travelled Her pictures showed individual imagination and extensively abroad. He was an active member of used exotic colours. Lived in Biggin Hill, Kent. SEA, Art Workers’ Guild, AIA and Artists for The auctioneers Rosebery’s in 2004 offered works Peace, organising key exhibitions, including the from Hosali’s studio, left by her to the Margaret Lenin Centenary and the Centenary of the Paris Morris Movement. Commune. Retrospective at Brighton Polytechnic, David HOSIE 1962– Painter, draughtsman and 1982. printmaker, born in Glasgow, Scotland, whose John HORWILL 1927–1997 Painter and teacher who figure paintings sometimes had an unsettling served in the Merchant and Royal Navy for four element. Hosie graduated in drawing and painting years, then attended Carlisle College of Art from from Edinburgh College of Art, 1980–5, gaining 1949, gaining a scholarship to Royal College of a postgraduate diploma in printmaking, 1986. His Art, 1953, becoming an associate in 1956. Taught awards included Richard Ford Travelling for 26 years, for 17 being principal lecturer in art Scholarship, RA, 1985; a George Jackson at St Mary’s College, Strawberry Hill, Hutchison Award and an Andrew Grant Major Twickenham, also doing extensive examining for Award and Travelling Scholarship, all 1986; and London and Middlesex Regional Examining a Royal Glasgow Institute Award, 1992. Group Boards. Showed widely, including John Cleal’s exhibitions included New Generation Show, gallery in Fishguard, retrospective Wrexham Arts Compass Gallery, Glasgow, 1986; Germinations, Centre and tour, 1999. Walker Art Gallery, Centre de la Vieille Charité, Marseilles, and tour, Liverpool; Middlesbrough and Hereford City Art 1987–8; opening exhibition of Raab Gallery, Galleries; Inner London Education Authority; and Millbank, 1989; and Art94 (Jill George Gallery), Leeds Training College hold examples. Lived in 1994. Had a solo show at Raab Gallery, 1987, later ones including Jill George Gallery from 1992. Llanrwst, Gwynedd. Scottish Arts Council and RSA hold examples. Angela HORWITZ 1934– Sculptor and painter, born and lived in London, who studied art at Marylebone John HOSKIN 1921–1990 Sculptor in metal of Institute and Sir John Cass College. She was a figurative and abstract work, and teacher, born in member of NS and Ridley Art Club, also exhibiting Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. Left school aged 14 and worked for an architect until World War II at Alpine and Smiths Galleries. Army service, then returned to drawing office. In Nina HOSALI 1898–1987 Painter, writer and teacher, 1950 began painting and working on reliefs and born in London of Indian-Celtic parentage. She constructions until by 1953 he was seriously studied art privately and trained in Margaret Morris engaged in sculpture, showing at LG from 1954. movement at the London School founded by the Assisted the sculptor Lynn Chadwick until an painter J D Fergusson’s wife; the Fergussons were opportunity to lecture part-time at Bath Academy great friends of the Hosalis. Nina Hosali obtained of Art arose in 1957, and he was there until 1968, 185

finally as principal lecturer in sculpture. After being sculptor-in-residence at Lancaster University, 1968–71, Hoskin was professor of fine art at Leicester Polytechnic, 1978–86. First one-man show was at Lords Gallery in 1957. Others occurred at Matthiesen Gallery and Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol. One of Hoskin’s most notable pieces is the Exalted Christ for St Stephen’s Church, in Bristol. Tate Gallery and Arts Council hold examples. Died in London, was buried in Herefordshire and in 1994 there was a memorial show at Storey Gallery, Lancaster. Hugh Richard HOSKING 1904–1991 Painter, designer,

mural artist, stage designer and teacher, born in Twickenham, Middlesex. Dick Hosking was married to the sculptor Alma Ramsey. He was a student of Bournemouth College of Art, 1922–5, and Royal College of Art, 1925–9. Held several teaching posts, latterly being principal of Ryland Memorial School of Art in West Bromwich, 1943– 7, then principal of College of Art in Coventry, 1947–64. Prominent in bodies concerned with art education. Showed at AIA, Leicester Society of Artists and elsewhere. Best-known public commissions were the design for the Martyrs of Coventry mosaic in Broadgate House, Coventry, 1951, and a memorial stained glass window in St Nicholas Church, Warwick, 1964. A foundermember of the Warwick Society, in retirement he worked for many years in the Warwickshire county archives restoring documents and maps and was involved in church restoration. Lived in Warwick. Knighton HOSKING 1944– Painter and teacher, born

in Sidmouth, Devon. He attended Exeter College of Art, 1959–63, then Central School of Art and Design, 1963–6. In 1966 he won a Peter Stuyvesant Foundation Bursary to travel in America. By then Hosking had begun to show in mixed exhibitions, such as Young Britons at Altman Gallery, in New York. He went on to show at John Moores Liverpool Exhibitions in 1978–82–85. In 1968 Hosking began teaching at Wolverhampton Polytechnic and in 1970 had his first solo show there. Another followed in 1974, the year he had a one-man at Serpentine Gallery. Later solo shows

included Wolverhampton Art Gallery in 1985. In the mid-1970s Hosking went to live in the country again, and the landscape became a key feature of his work; he turned away from working only in the studio and began to use on-location drawings and photographs. Arts Council holds his acrylic on canvas Earth Band, of 1974–5. Settled in Penn Common, Wolverhampton, Staffordshire. Mark HOSKING 1971– Artist

who was engaged in sculpture, photography, short films and book design, born in Plymouth, Devon, who obtained a fine art degree from Chelsea College of Art & Design, 1990–3, then studied at Slade School of Fine Art, 1993–5, and in the Netherlands at Rijksakademie van Beeldende kunsten, Amsterdam, 1997. Lisson Gallery, which represented him, showed Hosking’s work in that year. Hosking’s painted metal and wooden sculptures, sometimes untitled but with an agricultural appearance, reminiscent of the earlier productions of Anthony Caro, were depicted in the 1998 volume The New Neurotic Realism, which preceded his appearance in Saatchi Gallery’s Neurotic Realism 2 show, 1999. Saatchi Collection holds Hosking’s work. With the undertaking of a big public project for the city of Amsterdam, Hosking’s work became more socially direct. There was a project for ECAL Living, 2000, bent sheets of metal which had been laminated with carpet to make recliners; Wassily A+E, 2001, transformed a design-classic armchair into a stretcher by adding simple components. Hosking was included in City Racing 1988–1998: A Partial Account, at ICA, 2001, showing that year solo at The Jerwood Gallery. He had a one-man exhibition at Lisson New Space in 2004. Lived in London.

Sculptor creating coloured animals and objects employing such media as inkjet prints, Fablon, wire and foam, as in Beck’s Futures 2002, ICA and tour, 2002–3. Born in Plymouth, Hosking did a foundation diploma at the College of Art and Design there, 1995–6, then graduated with honours from Goldsmiths’ College, 1996–9. Hosking’s other exhibitions included Heart and Soul, London and Sandroni Rey, Los Angeles, Paul HOSKING 1977–


America, 1999 and 2000; New Sculptures, The Metropolitan Hotel, and Renaissance, Hoxton House, both 2001; and Us & Them, Great Eastern Hotel, 2002. He had a solo show at Project Space in 2003, another at The Economist Plaza in 2005.

Painter, etcher, teacher and exhibitions organiser, born in Croydon, Surrey, although he moved to Yorkshire in 1944. Studied art at Harrogate Technical School, 1953–5; Harrogate School of Art, 1955–60; and Royal College of Art, 1961–4. There he “mixed with the Pop Artists and worked with David Hockney on his early etchings.” Although Hoskins moved to Sussex in 1964, working as a designer and parttime lecturer at West Sussex College of Art, in 1968 he moved to Buckinghamshire, lecturing at High Wycombe College of Technology and Art. A 1973 fine art fellowship at University of Southampton was followed by lecturing at Buckinghamshire College of Art and Design, lecturing in California, 1976–7, and the founding in 1987 of the Fiveways Artists’ Group in Brighton. In 1992 Hoskins retired from full-time lecturing to paint. He became art exhibition co-ordinator for Komedia Theatre Gallery, Brighton, where he had settled, in 1995. Took part in numerous group shows, his many solo exhibitions including London and Southampton Universities; Gardner Art Centre, Brighton; Richmond Art Centre, Richmond, California; Brighton Museum and Art Gallery; and Rottingdean Grange Gallery, Sussex. Hoskins said that he worked “from aspects of landscape, based on the theme of the juxtaposition of unusual and familiar forms and objects found on my rambles”. Ned HOSKINS 1939–

Mountains of China, 1973. She was a member of the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists from 1918 and exhibited at RSA, RSW, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. Lived in Kirkcudbright, Scotland.

Painter, notably of commissioned portraits, but latterly working in watercolour because of poor health. She was born in Crookston, Renfrewshire, sister of the artist Anna Mary Hotchkis. Isobel studied at Glasgow School of Art, 1902–4, also visiting London on a travelling scholarship and studying with Jean Delville in Brussels, Belgium. Spent a period in South Africa, working for Sir Henry Bate, Natal’s chief justice. Hotchkis joined the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists in 1909, also showing at RSA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, where she lived for a time. Isobel HOTCHKIS 1879–1947

Dom Sylvester HOUÉDARD 1924–1992 Concrete poet,

typographical artist, teacher and writer, born in Guernsey, Channel Islands, as Pierre Sylvester Houédard. He was evacuated to England in 1940 and gained his master’s degree in history at Oxford University, 1942–9, interrupted by Army Intelligence service, 1944–7. Entered the Benedictine Abbey of Prinknash, at Cranham, Gloucestershire, in 1949, where he died, having been 41 years a monk, 32 years a priest. He studied philosophy at the Benedictine University of Sant’ Anselmo, Rome, 1951–5. Apart from his own contribution to concrete poetry, published and exhibited, he played a key role in the international dissemination of the movement from 1962. He Anna Mary HOTCHKIS 1885–1984 Watercolourist, gave the first lectures, at Royal College of Art and printmaker and teacher, sister of the artist Isobel ICA, and his work was shown in dozens of Hotchkis. Anna studied at Glasgow School of Art, exhibitions in Britain and overseas, such as the 1906–10; in Munich, Germany, with Hans Lasker; 1971 Victoria & Albert Museum touring show d s and at Edinburgh College of Art under Robert h, dom sylvester houédard, visual poetries. Burns. She went on a sketching tour to China and taught at Yenching University in Peking (Beijing), Liz HOUGH 1966– Painter who studied at Mid1922–4, then lived in China 1926–37, the year the Cheshire College of Art and Design, 1984–5. Then war with Japan started. While there, with Mary A graduated from Manchester Polytechnic, 1985–8, Mullikin she published Buddhist Sculptures at the and did postgraduate painting at Royal Academy Yun Kang Caves, 1935, also Nine Sacred Schools, 1988–91, with a year at Accademia de 187

Belle Arti, Perugia, Italy, 1997–8. Hough won the Creswick Prize and Landseer Scholarship in 1990, the year she obtained the Daler-Rowney Award for an artist under 30 years of age and was a finalist in the Young Painters’ Award Scheme. In 1991 she gained the Vincent Harris Prize, the year she was visiting artist at Louisiana State University, in America. Her work was described as “a sort of gentle Expressionism”, with James Ensor, the Belgian painter, among its influences. She began showing in mixed exhibitions in 1989 at Pyramid Arts, and also exhibited at RA, ROI, Piccadilly Gallery, Albany Gallery and elsewhere. In 1992 shared a show at Cadogan Contemporary. There were solo exhibitions at The Samling Foundation, 1998, and Offer Waterman & Co, 2001. Paintings in Hospitals, the Bank of China and TSB held the work of Hough, whose commissions included London Contemporary Arts for Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines.

Painter and actor, born in Shorne, Kent, who left a business career to study painting at St Martin’s School of Art and on scholarship in Paris. After travelling through eastern Europe, he had several solo shows in London and Edinburgh, mainly exhibiting big abstracts. During further travels through southern Europe and in north Africa Houghton encountered travelling theatre groups; on returning to England he became a theatre designer in Canterbury, went to drama school and acted, notably with advanced companies. Film roles included the Biblical character Judas, the painter Vincent van Gogh and Adolf Eichmann, tried for war crimes against the Jews. Early in the 1990s Houghton resumed fulltime painting, inspired by East Anglia’s landscape, and moved to Woodbridge, Suffolk. The Simon Carter Gallery there gave him a solo show in 1995. There was a series at The John Russell Gallery, Ipswich, with a fourth in 2005. Barrie HOUGHTON 1941–

Eve HOUGHTON 1908– Painter, wood engraver and

teacher, born in Sagaing, Burma. She studied at Ruskin School of Drawing, Oxford, under Sydney Carline and the Royal Academy Schools with Sir Walter Westley Russell and Thomas Monnington.

Held a number of teaching posts, including Mount School, York. Exhibited RA, in provinces and at National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, and latterly extensively with East Kent Art Society of which she was a member. Lived in Teynham, Kent.

Gill HOUGHTON 1962– Artist in mixed media who

attended Sheffield Polytechnic, 1984–5, before studying at North-East London Polytechnic, 1985– 8. From 1989–91 she attended Royal College of Art, during that time spending a term at Cité Internationale des Arts in Paris. Her work was exhibited in many group shows in Britain and on the continent, including New Ways in Painting, Institute Mathilderhöhe in Germany and at Galerie zur Altendeutschen Schule in Switzerland. Her work also appeared at Art’91, International Contemporary Art Fair, Olympia, and in (dis)parities, Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, 1992, and at Herbert Art Gallery, Coventry, 1993. At that time she was Picker Fellow at Kingston Polytechnic. It was said of Houghton’s work that it was “predicated on an open-endedness, the paces and gaps between the pieces are as rich and thoughtful as the pieces themselves.”

Artist and aesthete, born in London, of private means. He was educated at Rugby School, studying art with Maurice Denis in Paris and at Slade School of Fine Art. In the 1920s–40s Houghton Brown carried out wall paintings and decorative schemes in restaurants and private houses, including Blue Train Restaurant, the Five Hundred Club, for Syrie Maugham, Nigel Playfair and Edward James; he renovated large houses, such as Oving Hall and Winslow Hall, filling them with rare objects, of which he was a connoisseur; and was a partner in Cotter’s Market, which sold painted furniture. His own pictures were religious, in a Byzantine-Cubist style, and these he showed in mixed exhibitions at Leicester, Leger and Mayor Galleries, also having solo shows at St Michael’s Workshop, Oxford, in 1942, and at Ebury Street Gallery, 1946. Was a devout Roman Catholic from 1924, a member of the Guild of Catholic Artists and Craftsmen; he helped set up the Church Decorators’ Society and Geoffrey Houghton BROWN 1903–1993


was a strong supporter and a chairman of the Latin Mass Society. A panel in tempera on the life of Saint Neot is in the Catholic church in St Neot’s, Cambridgeshire. Died in a nursing home in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey.

year in youth work she became a tutor at Great Yarmouth College of Art, followed by a similar position at Stourbridge College of Art before doing a postgraduate diploma in fine art at University of Edinburgh, 1965–6. Went on to lecture in art history at University College of Wales in Aberystwyth. Bev HOULDING 1955– Artist, born in Birmingham, Took part in mixed shows in Wales, WAC who attended Goldsmiths’ College, 1974–7. She possessing her work. produced meticulously drawn, hand-carved wood panels; contemporary figurative subjects “executed Miranda HOUSDEN 1965– Sculptor employing in oils using a unique style inspired by natural exotic materials, found objects and video, born in textures”; and employed granite and slate Lusaka, Zambia. She studied at Falmouth School weathered by wind and rain, “like human standing of Art, 1984–7, and Chelsea School of Art, 1988– stones”. Houlding showed widely with Mark 9, in 1990 being Rome Scholar at British School Houlding, many venues including latterly Palm in Rome. Housden hoped to “disturb or unsettle Springs Art Fair, in America, 2001; The Affordable the viewer” with her creations such as Breathless, Art Fair, New York, 2002; Affordable Art Fairs, a video and fur object featured in 1992 East & London, 2003; and in Bristol, 2004; and Chelsea South Norwich Gallery/Kent Institute of Art and Art Fair, 2005. Lived in Fowey, Cornwall. Design show. She was included in its forerunner, East, at Norwich Gallery, 1991. Lived in London. Mark HOULDING 1950– Painter, born in Abadan in what is now Iran, who attended Maidstone College Ceri HOUSE 1963– Artist son of the printmaker of Art, 1970–3, and the Royal College of Art, 1973– Gordon House, educated at St Christopher’s 6. He said of his work that it was “An exotic palette School, Letchworth, Hertfordshire, in which of colour rolled out on to wood panels…. The county he lived, with a studio in north London. He simplicity of form juxtaposes the complexity of was studio assistant, Momart Framing, exhibitions; colour.” He showed at many venues in Britain and assistant to Roger Newton, gilder and restorer; abroad with Bev Houlding, later venues including assistant to the artist Peter Blake; then a carver and Mosko Miller Fine Art, New York, 2000; gilder to Three Wheels Temple. Exhibited Queen Navigators Gallery, St Just, 2001; The Affordable Elizabeth Hall, RA and National Portrait Gallery. Art Fairs, London, 2003; and Chelsea Art Fair, House had a solo exhibition at The Millinery 2005. Lived in Fowey, Cornwall. Works, 1999, in which people’s clothes were used to make a canvas. Francis William HOUNSELL 1885–1956 Painter and teacher, born in London, specialising in Gordon HOUSE 1932–2004 Printmaker, painter, watercolours. Studied at Brighton School of Art, designer, typographer and teacher, born in then Royal College of Art. His teaching career was Pontardawe, Glamorgan, full name Charles Gordon interrupted by World War I, in which he served in House, father of artist Ceri House. He studied at the Army in France and the Middle East. Latterly Luton and St Albans Schools of Art, 1947–50. lived in Derby, where he was principal of the From 1950–2 House worked in an advertising School of Arts and Crafts. Exhibited with Derby agency and was assistant to an ecclesiastical Sketching Club, the Society of Present-Day Artists, sculptor; he was a designer for Imperial Chemical Midlands Artists and elsewhere in the provinces. Industries, 1952–9; then was a graphic designer for Kynoch Press, 1959–61. From then on he Shelagh HOURAHANE 1941– Painter, printmaker pursued his own artistic work, while teaching partand teacher, born in Cardiff where she studied time at Central School of Art, St Albans and history at University College, 1959–62. After a Hornsey Schools of Art and Luton College of 189

Technology, 1961–4. House took part in the Situation British Painting show at RBA Galleries, 1960, and New London Situation at Marlborough New London Galleries, 1961, and was included in The Sixties Art Scene in London, Barbican Art Gallery, 1993. His solo shows began with New Vision Centre Gallery, 1959, among the later ones being After Powhatan, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 1993–4, abstract works based on its collection of curiosities, and Millinery Works, 1999 and 2002, the second, paintings with chairs being an installation celebrating the exhibition Der Stuhl, Frankfurt, Germany, in 1929. In 2005 The Millinery Works held a show celebrating House’s life and achievement. Arts Council, British Council, Victoria & Albert Museum and many other public collections hold examples. Lived in London. Painter, born in London. Studied at Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1925– 6, under Gerald Spencer Pryse, then at Bolt Court School of Art, 1926–30, with Sylvan Boxsius. Exhibited extensively in north London area and settled finally in France at St Cyprien, near the Spanish border.

monstrous”, clay and straw over a wooden maquette which was “allowed to grow mould”. Later she immersed herself in Sufism, turned to painting and in her sculpture addressed the questions Who am I? Where do I come from? And where do I go? Based on precise drawings, Houshiary’s sculptures were constructed by Andy Everett, who had also trained as a sculptor. Was included in the 1982–3 Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, touring exhibition Objects and Figures and in Arts Council’s 1993–4 tour Recent British Sculpture. Solo shows included Chapter Arts Centre, Cardiff, 1980, and Kettle’s Yard Gallery Cambridge, 1982, with later continental touring exhibitions plus Self Portraits, Lisson Gallery, 2000, with another show there, 2004. Had a studio in south London.

Paul HOUSLEY 1964– Abstract and representational

painter, born in Stalybridge, Cheshire. He studied at Tameside College of Technology, 1981–2, and Sheffield Polytechnic, 1983–6. He showed at Smiths Galleries, Islington Arts Factory and Graves and Mappin Art Galleries in Sheffield. In 1991–2 his picture The Electrician was chosen for John Moores Exhibition, in Liverpool, where he showed again in 2004. Contributed to East International at Edith Giffard HOUSEMAN 1875– Painter, printmaker Norwich School of Art & Design, 1999. The and draughtsman in pencil. Born at Bredwardine, Lowry, Salford, initiated a tour of Housley’s work Herefordshire, she was educated at Bedford High in 2001 which celebrated his interest in popular School, then studied art under Claude Hayes, Frank culture. There was a solo show at Nylon in 2002. Calderon and Walter Donne. She went on to teach Lived in Manchester and London. art at Northend House School, at Petworth, Sussex. Exhibited widely, including RA, SWA, Cooling Laurence HOUSMAN 1865–1959 Dramatist, novelist Galleries, SSWA and SGA. The Towner Art and artist, born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, Gallery, Eastbourne, holds her work. Lived at younger brother of the classical scholar and poet A E Housman. He studied art at Lambeth School Petworth. of Art and South Kensington from early 1890s. Shirazeh HOUSHIARY 1955– Sculptor, draughtsman Eventually he concentrated on writing, although and teacher, born in Iran, where early on she studied some of his publications were brought out with his calligraphy and the theatre. Left Iran at 18 and own illustrations, as he had worked for a time as studied at Hornsey College of Art, Middlesex an illustrator. His first book of verse, Green Arras, Polytechnic, 1975–6; then Chelsea School of Art, appeared in 1895. He was notable for Victoria 1976–9; becoming a junior fellow in fine art at Regina, produced in 1937, and Happy and Cardiff College of Art, 1979–80. Went on to be a Glorious, 1945. His autobiography, The visiting lecturer at several art colleges. Early work Unexpected Years, appeared in 1936. Whitworth was described as “rough, grotesque, almost Art Gallery, Manchester, holds his work. Lived in William S HOUSE 1909–


Street, Somerset, dying in Glastonbury.

George HOUSTON 1869–1947 Painter and printmaker, born in Dalry, Ayrshire, where he continued to live, also in Glasgow. He was elected RSW, RI and RSA, also showing at Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, Fine Art Society and elsewhere. Much of his work was done in Ayrshire and Argyllshire. He was a member of Edinburgh Arts and Glasgow Art Clubs. Several public galleries hold examples of work by an artist who painted in the Impressionist manner. Ian HOUSTON 1934– Artist in oil, watercolour and

coloured pencil, born in Gravesend, Kent. He studied at Royal College of Music, briefly with St Martin’s School of Art, then moved to Norfolk in 1964 where, under the guidance of Edward Seago, he became committed to a career as a painter. Houston became president of the East Anglian Group of Marine Artists. He had a first solo show at Usher Gallery, Lincoln, in 1964, then showed at Mandell’s Gallery, Norwich, each year until 1986. Other shows included Monazo Fine Arts, Monte Carlo, from 1981; Falmouth Art Gallery, from 1984; Beehive Corner Gallery, Adelaide, 1986; Mongerson Wunderlich Galleries, Chicago, 1990; and Portland Gallery from 1995. His work was also shown with RI and Paris Salon, where he won a silver medal for watercolour. Houston was awarded a gold medal with rosette by the National Society for French Culture. HM The Queen, HRH The Duke of Edinburgh, the Australian government and a series of corporate collections in Britain and abroad hold examples. John HOUSTON 1930– Painter and teacher, born in

Buckhaven, Fife, married to the artist Elizabeth Blackadder. Houston studied at Edinburgh College of Art, 1948–54, his final year being spent in Italy on a travelling scholarship. He returned to Edinburgh to teach at the College. In 1957 Houston helped start the 57 Gallery in Edinburgh, having his first solo show there in 1958. Other one-man shows were held at Scottish Gallery, Edinburgh, and Mercury Gallery for many years. A keen traveller, Houston exhibited widely abroad. He

was a member of SSA and RSW and was elected RSA in 1972. Houston tended towards Expressionism in his landscapes, Munch being a key influence, employing bold colours. Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art holds his work.

Albert HOUTHUESEN 1903–1979 Painter of religious

and visionary works, teacher, born Amsterdam, son of artist and musician Jean Charles Pierre Houthuesen (pronounced Howthozen, stress on second syllable). When her husband encouraged Albert to paint, his mother struck Jean Charles on the head, and he died from the blow not long after. This tragedy, poor health and poverty pursued Albert Houthuesen for years, long after the family had moved to London in 1912. Albert was naturalised 10 years later. After leaving elementary school aged 14 he did a number of pointless jobs, studying at St Martin’s School of Art evening classes, 1917–23. Won scholarship to Royal College of Art, 1923, studying there until 1927. Four years later married painter Catherine Dean. Taught at the Working Men’s College, 1928–36, then after the war, when he was a draughtsman in locomotive works in Doncaster, at St Gabriel’s College. Although he showed at NEAC did not have first solo show until 1961, at Reid Gallery. In 1977 had three London shows and appeared with success on television. Tate Gallery holds his work. Lived in London.

Charles HOWARD 1899–1978 Abstract and Surrealist

painter, born in New Jersey, America. Studied at University of California, travelled on the continent, lived for a time in Paris where he was influenced by Jean Hélion, then settled in London, 1939–40. Initially Howard painted murals, and was employed to paint Edward Wadsworth’s nautical designs on the wall of the de la Warr Pavilion in Bexhill, 1936, the year he exhibited with the British Surrealist Group in the first London Surrealist Exhibition. Howard had a show of abstract pictures at Guggenheim Jeune Gallery in 1939. After an absence he returned to Britain in 1946, was given a retrospective at Whitechapel Art Gallery in 1956 and became a British citizen in 1963. He was included in The Surrealist Spirit in Britain,


Whitford and Hughes, 1988.

Constance Mildred HOWARD 1910–2000 Printmaker, teacher and embroiderer, born in Northampton, she was married to the sculptor Harold Wilson Parker. She studied at Northampton School of Art, 1925–31, with Lewis Duckett, 1929–31, and at the Royal College of Art, 1931–5, where her teachers included Eric Ravilious and Edward Bawden. Held a number of teaching posts, including Kingston School of Art, 1939–46, and Goldsmiths’ College, 1947–75, eventually as principal lecturer in charge of textiles, with embroidery as a main subject. Goldsmiths’ gave her a retrospective in 2005. Showed at SWE, Arts Council, Arts and Crafts Society and elsewhere. Arts Council bought her work which was used widely in magazines such as Illustrated London News and The Listener. Howard’s embroidery in the 1950s was heraldic and figurative, but later moved towards abstraction. She was a superb technician, although she claimed that “it is the ideas that count”, and passed on her deep knowledge of embroidery in many books, including the four-volume Twentieth-Century Embroidery in Great Britain. In 1980, the Constance Howard Textile Resource and Research Centre was set up at Goldsmiths’ to honour her. She was a fellow of the Society of DesignerCraftsmen and a member of the Costume Society, Art Workers’ Guild and Embroiderers’ Guild. Major examples of her work are held by Victoria & Albert Museum, Northampton Art Gallery, Lincoln Cathedral and Eton College. Howard was a small but striking and tenacious woman, notable for beautiful clothes, who dyed her hair a vivid green with lithographic ink. Lived for many years in London.

Painter, born in Surrey, married to the artist John Morley. She studied at Sutton and Epsom Colleges of Art and, as a postgraduate student, at Royal Academy Schools under Peter Greenham until 1971. Gained David Murray Studentships in Landscape, 1967–9, and Landseer Prize and Royal Academy Schools Bronze Medal for Painting, 1970. She was an associate of The Brotherhood of Ruralists and was Diana HOWARD 1947–

included in their shows, her work having a sense of mystery. An early interest in the poems of Dante and later in Celtic mythology and the subject of the Holy Grail led on to an involvement with Eastern mysticism. Took part in many group exhibitions, including Piccadilly Gallery, New Grafton Gallery and Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol. Her solo shows included Festival Gallery, Bath, 1982; Somerset Rural Life Museum Gallery, 1988; and Chappel Galleries, Chappel, 1991. Lived in Stoven North Green, Suffolk. Francis HOWARD 1874–1954 Painter, critic and administrator. Brought up as a Roman Catholic, Howard was educated widely on the continent and in England, his art studies including Herkomer School at Bushey. Was a founder-member of NPS and IS, where he exhibited. Also showed at Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, which bought his work, and overseas. Signed pictures F H. Wrote criticism and did research for a number of publications. Member of Chelsea Arts Club and lived in London.

Painter noted for Expressionist landscapes, born in Manchester, who studied fine art at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. She worked in London and Paris, in 1980 returning to the northwest of England, settling in Glossop, Derbyshire. Wrote for The Artist magazine on her work and methods. Showed widely in England, including Images of the Yorkshire Landscape, organised by Sheeran Lock at Leeds Civic Hall, 1991. Later shows included The Cynthia Corbett Gallery, from 2000. Howard was artist-in-residence at the BBC, 2000–1. Manchester’s City and Whitworth Art Galleries and Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield, acquired her work. Ghislaine HOWARD 1953–

Ian HOWARD 1952– Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Aberdeen. He studied at Edinburgh University and College of Art. He won a Travelling Scholarship to Italy, later winning the RSA Guthrie Award in 1978; first prize in the Scottish Open Drawing Competition in 1985; and was a Tolly Cobbold Eastern Arts National Competition prizewinner. Howard taught at Gray’s Art School


in Aberdeen, then from 1986 was head of painting at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee. Howard’s works were described as “usually an intriguing, carefully balanced blend of fine draughtsmanship, fantasy and classical references”. He exhibited them in many mixed shows in Britain and abroad and had solo exhibitions at Compass Gallery, Glasgow. Contemporary Art Society, City Art Centre in Edinburgh and many Scottish galleries hold his work. Lived in Aberdeen.

Painter in oil and watercolour, draughtsman and etcher, daughter of Thomas Reeve, sister of the painter Russell Reeve and granddaughter of Emma Constable of East Bergholt. She was married to Algernon Basham, having an actress daughter, Janet, and William Howard, a fellow of the RIBA. After education at Norwich Higher Grade School, Howard attended Norwich and Newcastle Schools of Art, the Slade Summer School and Royal College of Art Drawing Studio and had two years at Chelsea School of Art. She was latterly a guest artist at the Slade and Royal College. Howard showed at the RA Summer Exhibition and had solo exhibitions at Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne, and Pearson Gallery, London University. Piano Nobile Fine Paintings also showed Howard’s work. Ivy HOWARD 1907–2005

Painter and graphic artist, born in London, who was self-taught. He showed at RA and RI and was a Langham Sketch Club and SGA member. Lived finally in Ditchling, Sussex. James Campbell HOWARD 1906–1997

John HOWARD 1958– Mainly a printmaker, Howard

Arts Trust and an associate of RBSA and RE. Showed at RA Summer Exhibitions, Bankside Gallery, Mall Galleries, MAFA Open and elsewhere and in 1991 had a one-man exhibition at Midlands Contemporary Art, Birmingham. Victoria & Albert Museum, Birmingham University, Surikov Academy of Arts in Moscow and other public collections hold examples. Lived in Warley, West Midlands, from 1995 in Cornwall.

Ken HOWARD 1932– Painter, and teacher, born in London, where he continued to live, married to the artist Christa Gaa. He studied at Hornsey College of Art, 1949–53, Royal College of Art, 1955–8, and won a British Council Scholarship to Florence, 1958–9. Was elected NEAC, 1962, in 1998 its president; ROI, 1966; RWA, 1981; RWS, 1983; and RA, 1991. His many awards were the First Prize in the Lord Mayor’s Art Award, 1966; First Prize Arundel Art Centre, 1969; he was a prizewinner at John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool, 1978; and at John Laing Exhibition, 1979. Won First Prize, Hunting Group Award, 1982; was a prizewinner at RWA in 1983; and at NEAC Centenary Exhibition, 1986. Howard was appointed official artist in Northern Ireland by Imperial War Museum in 1973–8. Between 1973– 80 worked with Army in Germany, Cyprus, Oman, Hong Kong, Nepal, Norway, Canada, Belize and Brunei. Howard did much commissioned work, including The Drapers’ Company, The Haberdashers’ Company, United Nations and elsewhere. Appeared in numerous mixed shows. One-man exhibitions included Plymouth Art Centre, 1955; John Whibley Gallery, 1966–8; from 1971 a series with New Grafton Gallery; and recent works at Richard Green, 2004. Howard was a painter noted for his handling of light and for his depictions of nudes in interiors. Imperial War Museum, Plymouth City Art Gallery, National Army Museum and other provincial British galleries hold his work. In 2005 Howard was elected professor of perspective at the Royal Academy Schools.

was noted for his meticulous but atmospheric depictions of industrial and grand architecture in the Midlands and Black Country, documenting the past. He studied at Birmingham Polytechnic, 1986– 9, with Jean Vaudeau and Kim Kempshall. Prior to this he worked for a decade in industry, “five of which I spent in foundries and related industries, as well as factories, warehouses, and so on”. His main influences were Piranesi, Brangwyn and Joseph Wright of Derby. Howard was a member Margaret Maitland HOWARD 1898– Painter and of the Birmingham Artists’ Group and Birmingham draughtsman, notably in black-and-white, born in 193

London. She studied at the Byam Shaw and Vicat Cole School of Art and Royal Academy Schools, where she was a multiple silver medal-winner plus other awards. Exhibited RA, NEAC, SWA, RP and ROI. Just after World War II she was appointed draughtsman to the Institute of Archaeology at London University. Ridley Art Club member, daughter of the artist Henry James Howard. She lived in Sutton, Surrey.

School, then the Slade School of Fine Art from the age of 17 for four years. From the late 1930s through World War II she led a varied life, working as an archaeological draughtsman at National Museum of Wales, Cardiff; helped the unemployed and deprived children in the city; with the composer Gomer Llewellyn ran the East Moors Theatre; with Coastal Defence recorded fortified islands in the Bristol Channel; and was a Royal Navy war artist recording loadings for D-Day. After the war moved Norman HOWARD 1899–1955 Painter and illustrator. to London and worked as a medical draughtsman. Studied at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, In 1946 attended Patrick Allan-Fraser School of 1918–20, then at Westminster School of Art for Art, Hospitalfield, Arbroath, under James Cowie. four years under Walter Bayes. Exhibited RSMA, Although based in London, Howard-Jones in later RA, IS, Goupil Gallery and NEAC. The Admiralty years travelled as far as Spain, Cyprus and America bought his work in 1945, and eight years later he and was especially associated with west Wales and did decorations for the P&O liner Arcadia. Lived the islands offshore. From 1949–58 she spent long in Richmond, Surrey, where in 1951 he was periods on the tiny island of Skomer. Nature and president of the Art Group. a deep inner spiritual life and Celtic mystery and legends were sources of inspiration. Her mosaics Wolf HOWARD 1968– Self-taught artist, musician and poet, original name Simon Howard, born in include one for Thomson House, Cardiff, 1958; Strood, Kent. After secondary school he “decided another for Grange Church, Edinburgh, 1964–5. against art college” and did a number of jobs, Published Poems and Stories, 1968. Howard-Jones including “half an hour in a shepherd’s pie factory”. had a first solo exhibition at Bloomsbury Gallery, Was a drummer for many bands, including Solar 1935. Regular shows followed, including Leicester Flares, Buff Medways and Thee Headcoats. Wrote Galleries, 1964, where she was a frequent and performed poetry, publishing The Doledrums. exhibitor; there was a WAC retrospective and tour, Was a member of the Stuckists, included in their 1974; a West Wales Arts retrospective, 1983; one put on by West Wales Arts Centre, Fishguard, 1992; show at Artbank Gallery, 2001. another by Rocket Press in 1993; and Tenby Dan HOWARD-BIRT 1974– Artist who made Museum and Art Gallery, 2002. Imperial War paintings writ large in his own handwriting over Museum, WAC and National Museum of Wales pattern and image, inspired by the American artist hold examples, commonly signed Ray. Barnett Newman, also magazine and record-sleeve design, witness his solo show at Nylon, 1999. Charles Wilfred HOWARTH 1893– Painter in oil, Howard-Birt graduated from Goldsmiths’ College watercolour and line artist, Howarth established a in 1994–97. Group shows included Yerself is reputation as an illustrator of newspapers, steam, 85 Charlotte Street, 1996; Fitzrovia Open, periodicals and books. After studying at Sheffield Venezuelan Cultural Centre, 1998; and Cathedral, School of Art under A C C Jahn and Oliver Senior in 1910–12, Howarth spent two years at Bobo’s, 1999. Lived and worked in London. Birmingham School of Art. He exhibited with the Ray Howard-JONES 1903–1996 Painter, especially in Sheffield Society of Artists, at the RSA, in gouache, draughtsman, mosaicist and muralist, Birmingham and in Wales. Lived at Conway, North writer and poet, born in Lambourn, Berkshire, as Wales. Rosemary Howard-Jones. She was educated at St Hilda’s School, Penarth, and the London Garden Constance HOWARTH 1927– Watercolourist and textile designer, born in Rochdale, Lancashire. She 194

gained her design diploma in 1947, having studied at Manchester Regional College of Art. Her work was exhibited in a number of notable exhibitions in the textile design field and is held by Victoria & Albert Museum. Lived in London for many years.

Maggy HOWARTH 1944– Artist in pebble mosaic, born in Warrington, Lancashire, who attended Reading University’s school of fine art, 1962–6. For 20 years she worked with outdoor theatre companies, from 1983 undertaking pebble mosaic pavement commissions. “I think I am the only pebble mosaic practitioner in the United Kingdom.” Her book The Art of Pebble Mosaic was published in 1994. She was a member of Art and Architecture and Artists Working to Commission and her work was to be found in Rose Street, Edinburgh; Discovery Point in Dundee; in Stockton High Street; and East Cleveland Hospital. Showed at Stoke Garden Festival, 1986. Lived at Wennington, Lancaster.

for Stuckism, founded the Balham Stuckists and opened the South London Stuckism International Centre. Later group shows included Seven New Artists Pay their Respects to Past Masters, Fridge Gallery, and Tap Collective Group Show, Umpapa, both 2001; The First Stuckist International, Stuckism International, and Rivington Gallery Artists, Rivington Gallery, both 2002; and Stuckism Group Show, Wednesbury Museum, West Midlands, 2003. He had a solo exhibition, I Don’t Want a Painting Degree if it Means not Painting, Stuckism International, 2002.

Painter in oil and watercolour, born in West Horsley, Surrey. She was daughter of the painter A D Peppercorn and changed her name from Peg Peppercorn to avoid confusion with her father. After study at home she attended Slade School of Fine Art, where she gained her certificate and studied under Henry Tonks. Howe showed from 1907 including RA, NEAC, ROI, Goupil Salon and by invitation at the Daily Express Women’s Exhibition in 1922. Her Russel HOWARTH 1927– Artist and teacher, born sister, Gertrude Peppercorn, a concert pianist, was and lived in Oldham, Lancashire. He was educated married to the writer Stacy Aumonier, another sister locally, starting an engineering apprenticeship in being married to the writer and typographer Francis 1941 while drawing in his spare time. Howarth Meynell. Manchester City Art Gallery holds her began painting in 1950 after completing his work. Lived for many years at Ashtead, Surrey, technical studies. He taught pottery at part-time but developed cancer and finally lived in a nursing evening classes from 1962, giving up engineering home. in 1981 and teaching in 1992. Joined the Saddleworth Art Group in 1951 and took part in mixed shows at Museum Gallery, Brown Hill Centre and Mill Yard Gallery, all in Uppermill; Cheryl HOWELD 1944– Artist in oil and watercolour, Oldham Art Gallery; RBA and elsewhere. His solo born in St Albans, Hertfordshire. She studied at shows included Royal Northern College of Music Hornsey College of Art, 1962–3, with John Hoyland, John Simpson and Fred Cuming. and Tib Lane Gallery, Manchester. Howeld’s work concentrated on the figure and Stephen Purbeck HOWARTH 1981– Painter, born in landscape, which took her on trips around England, Lewisham, southeast London, who attended notably Norfolk and Sussex, the south of France, Camberwell College of Arts, 2000–2, “expelled Italy, Scotland and Russia, in which she had a from the painting course for doing paintings.” He special interest. Took part in many mixed shows, did gallery, bar and factory work and labouring to including Hampton Hill Galleries, Twickenham, support himself as an artist. Howarth’s were from 1980; Original Picture Shop, 1985; Walton “colourful, naïvely executed paintings, heavily Gallery, 1988; PS, 1989; NEAC from 1990; and influenced by Expressionism, often dealing with Richmond Gallery, 1992. Had a solo show at sex and violence.” He was a member of Students Maddermarket, Norwich, 1984, later ones Winifred HOWE 1880–c.1948


including Churzee Studio Gallery, which she work hanging in company collections in London opened in 1988. Lived in London. and abroad and in royal palaces in the Middle East. Cynthia HOWELL 1930– Painter and draughtsman,

born in Montreal, Canada, who for a long time worked under the guidance of the artist Walter Nessler, also studying for a year with the artist and mystic Cecil Collins. While living in northwest London she showed with the Hampstead Artists’ Council. From 1978 Howell lived and painted in Suffolk, where she concentrated on life drawing and latterly landscape painting. In 1988 she participated in a show held by five women artists at the Unity Wharf Venture Centre Gallery, Tower Bridge, sponsored by Mainstream Production Ltd, which has her work in its collection. In 1989 Howell won first prize in the Quay Summer Exhibition, Sudbury. Other mixed shows included John Laing Exhibition, 1990 and 1991; a series with Eastern Arts at the Fermoy Centre, King’s Lynn, with a Highly Commended in 1991; and frequent appearances at Bury St Edmunds Art Gallery and the Gallery on the Cam, Cambridge. Howell had a private house solo exhibition in Camden Town, 1985; one at Gallery 96, Cambridge, in 2000; and Chappel Galleries, Chappel, in 2006. She worked from rapidly made sketches translated “into structured, simplified compositions without obligation to realism.”

David HOWELL 1939– Painter in watercolour and oil, living and working in the West Country. He concentrated on painting marines, landscapes – especially Italy and Venice – and equestrian scenes, with an emphasis on racing and its associated activities. Was a member of the RSMA and the Society of Equestrian Artists. Howell painted on the spot and frequently travelled, including the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Showed prolifically in Britain and abroad, including New York and elsewhere in America, with solo shows in 2001 in London and Dubai. The Wykeham Gallery, Stockbridge, showed Howell in one-man and group exhibitions; he shared one with Timothy Easton and Julian Halsby there in 2002. Howell undertook private and corporate commissions, his

Painter, born in Ross-onWye, Herefordshire, who studied from 1984–8 at the Coventry Polytechnic, settling nearby at Stoke. As well as showing in the Coventry Open in 1992 and winning a prize at John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, 1993–4, Howell shared several exhibitions, including Omphalos Gallery, Sandwich, 1992. David HOWELL 1965–

Neale HOWELLS 1965– Artist in oil, acrylic, pastel,

pencil and wood, in which irregular shapes, pastel colours – notably blue – and graffiti were important elements. He was born in Neath, Glamorgan, and studied at Neath Tertiary College (it holds his work), under Ian Wagstaff, 1985–7; gained an honours degree at Bath College of Higher Education, 1987–90; and obtained WAC travel grants to Berlin, 1996, and New York, 1998. Mixed shows included National Eisteddfod, Conway, 1995; National Eisteddfod, Bala, 1997; and 9th Mostyn Open, Oriel Mostyn, Llandudno, 1997. Solo exhibitions included Berlin Works 96 at Swansea Arts Workshop, 1997; The Future of F**k, six huge paintings at Neath Contemporary Art Gallery, Neath, 2001–2; and Oriel Washington Gallery, Penarth, 2002, when Howells was working on a collaboration with film director Marc Evans. Howells’ work could excite strong emotions. He had two exhibitions closed by local councils before they had a chance to open. In 2004 Howells opened a new studio to the public at Port Talbot and in 2005 he had an exhibition at JohnMartinChelsea.

Sculptor, notably of figures, born Edgar Allan Howes in East Dereham, Norfolk, Howes studied at the Royal Academy Schools, where he won the Landseer prize plus several other prizes and a silver medal, also studying at the Slade School of Fine Art. Exhibited extensively at RA, RMS, RSA and Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, and was elected a fellow of RBS. Howes’ Madonna and Child as well as his Torso, typical works, are illustrated in the volume Allan HOWES 1888–1969


RBS: Modern British Sculpture, published in 1939, and his bronze Dawn, of 1942, is shown in Arthur T Broadbent’s Sculpture Today in Great Britain 1940–1943. Howes’ work is in several public collections. Lived in London, afterwards in Saffron Walden, Essex.

Anne HOWESON 1952– Artist in gouache, conté and oil, born in Kent. She attended Central School of Art, 1970–1, for a foundation course; graduated from St Martin’s School of Art, 1971–4; then gained her master’s degree at Royal College of Art, 1975–8. Howeson did a large amount of illustrative work, including Independent Review, Saturday Times Review, German Playboy and The Spectator. In 1990 she was a judge for the Reader’s Digest Illustration Competition, she took part in a number of workshops and seminars and devised a summer course for Massachusetts College of Art, Boston, in 1992. Exhibitions included Galerie Mokum, Amsterdam, 1980; Association of Illustrators shows from 1981; Talbot Rice Centre, Edinburgh, 1985; and South Bank Picture Show from 1990. Lived in London.

Service studied ceramics at Liverpool College of Art, 1956–7. In the next five years he lived in London and on the continent for a while, returning to teach at his old College of Art in Dundee, 1962– 7. After some time away, partly in the south of England, Howie returned to Dundee as artist-inresidence at Dudhope Art Centre. He took part in many group shows. Had a solo exhibition at New Art Centre in 1960, his later appearances including Edinburgh College of Art, Richard Demarco Gallery in Edinburgh and Compass Gallery, Glasgow. Was included in Painters in Parallel at Edinburgh College of Art, 1978, and in Showcase, organised by Bruton Gallery, Holmfirth, in 2003. Scottish Arts Council, Glasgow University and Dundee City Art Gallery hold his work.

B Howitt-LODGE 1883–1948 Painter and architect, who studied in London. He did much illustrative work for publications such as Our Dogs, Dog World and the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Exhibited RMS, RA, ROI and elsewhere and was a member of the London Sketch Club. Worked for Air-raid Precautions (ARP) during early part of War II, when he painted the Blitz. His pictures Business Robert Leslie HOWEY 1900–1980 Artist, born in West as Usual and London Carries On were official Hartlepool, County Durham, who studied at the purchases. Lived in London. local School of Art, but was principally self-taught. He would have learned much from his father John Sally HOWKINS 1961– Painter and printmaker, born William Howey (1873–1938), an amateur artist in Nottingham. She studied at Mansfield College who was employed by the West Hartlepool Gas of Art, 1977–9, then Newcastle upon Tyne and Water Company, rising to the position of head Polytechnic, 1979–82. Group shows included collector. Unlike his father, whose reputation was Northern Contemporaries, 1981; Gallery 7, mainly local, Leslie in the late 1920s and early Newcastle upon Tyne from 1983; Warwick Arts 1930s produced many lino-cuts and woodcuts Trust, which holds her work, from 1987; and which were published by Charles Hauff Ltd, of Oxford Visual Art Week, from 1991. Had a solo London and New York. He worked also in oil, show at Cadogan Contemporary, 1993, pastel and watercolour, and is noted for his atmospheric landscapes moving towards watercolours of the Lake District and northeast of abstraction. England coast. Exhibited at RA and RSA and had a solo exhibition at Gray Art Gallery, Hartlepool, Alan James HOWLETT 1940– Painter, printmaker, in 1949. Abbott and Holder posthumously showed collagist, creator of wood reliefs and teacher, born in London. He attended Ealing School of Art, his work. 1958–60, then Royal College of Art, 1960–3, his James HOWIE 1931– Artist and teacher, born in teachers including Frank Auerbach and Bernard Dundee. He studied at Duncan of Jordanstone Cohen. From the early 1960s through the 1970s College of Art there, 1949–54, then after National Howlett did part-time teaching, including around 197

10 years at Norwich; he was a freelance broadcaster for BBC music programmes; and undertook photography for record companies, including Harmonia Mundi in France and Vanguard in America. Howlett also taught music, on which much of his painting was based; he had a special interest in music of the Trecento and Quattrocento in Italy and France. From 1980 Howlett painted and taught in Italy. Although he took part in many group shows in his student days he then rejected the commercial gallery system, selling largely privately, especially to musicians.

born in Wealdstone, Middlesex. He studied at Harrow Technical and Art School under John Gerald Platt. After Army service in World War II held a number of teaching posts, following a period as a freelance, becoming head of the design department at Manchester College of Art and Design. As well as having work reproduced in many publications Howorth showed at RA, ROI and widely in the provinces. Lived in Knutsford, Cheshire. Diana HOWSE 1956– Artist,

arts administrator and editor, born in Oxfordshire, who gained fine art Elizabeth HOWLETT 1958– Artist and lecturer, born honours degree at Exeter College of Art and in Surrey, who did foundation studies at Winchester Design, 1975–8. Howse was at this time involved School of At, 1976–7; graduated with honours in in Spacex, an artists’ studio complex, where she fine art, Kingston Polytechnic, 1977–80; gained ran a gallery until 1981, when she left to her master’s from Chelsea School of Art, 1980–1; concentrate on her own work. During the 1980s in the mid-1980s undertaking library and Howse was editor of the South West Arts Newsletter information studies at the Polytechnic of North to Artists; was education officer for Spacex until London. Howlett was a part-time lecturer in 1984; became involved in film and video; in the printmaking, Gwent College of Art, 1982; held a mid-1980s moved to Bristol to work at Watershed, printmaking residency at Newcastle University, Britain’s first media centre; met David Lascelles 1984; and was a visiting lecturer there in 1985. In (whom she married in 1990); and began her 1986 she was one of three artists in an exhibition ongoing involvement with Harewood House, at Linton Court Gallery, Settle, showing paintings Yorkshire, creating the Terrace Gallery there, which of fish. “I like fish, I paint portraits of individuals, opened in 1989. She had had a solo installation, their personalities in many layers in gouache on Ghost Town, in 1985, and on moving to London Indian paper.” Previous exhibitions included in 1987 Howse began seriously painting again, Stowells Trophy, RA, 1980; Video Festival, South participating in Cross Currents at Reed’s Wharf Hill Park Arts Centre, Bracknell, 1981; Summer Gallery at the Barbican Centre, 1996, showing Show, Film Co-op, and London Musicians lush, Expressionist abstracts, with landscape Collective, both 1982; and Joliffe Studios, Wyvern references. Theatre, Swindon, 1985. She had solo exhibitions in 1985 at Newcastle University and Following Melanie HOWSE 1968– Glass artist, who attended Portsmouth Art College, with a distinction in threeTides, Young Vic. dimensional design foundation studies, 1987–8, Nancy HOWORTH 1912– Landscape painter, achieving further merits and distinctions during an educated in Eastbourne, Sussex, where she architectural stained glass course at Swansea attended the School of Art, 1930–2, later studying Institute of Higher Education, 1989–92. Among privately. Showed with SWA, Free Painters and awards were the British Society of Master Glass Sculptors and with Association of Sussex Artists Painters Stevens Competition first prize, 1991, and of which she was a member. Had several solo the Howard Martin Award, for outstanding merit, exhibitions, including Ditchling Gallery. Lived in 1992. Howse completed eight square metres of glass for the Swansea Institute library, during a North Chailey, Sussex. residency, 1992, and lancet windows and a roundel, Ray HOWORTH 1914– Painter, designer and teacher, St Illtyd’s Church, Port Tennant, Swansea, 1993. 198

In 1997 moved to Emsworth, Hampshire, and set 1936, and St Andrew, Kirkby Malzeard, Yorkshire, up her own business. In that year showed figurative 1937. works on glass with background illumination at Peter HOWSON 1958– Painter, printmaker and mural Eight by Eight, Pallant House, Chichester. artist, born in London, moving to Glasgow as a Rose Chicheliana HOWSE 1892–1981 Miniaturist and small boy. He attended Glasgow School of Art painter in watercolour, born in Waterford, Ireland, 1975–77, then took two years off to do a number whose full name was Henrietta Rose Chicheliana of jobs, was in the Army for a time and travelled Howse. She studied art in Brussels, then miniature in Europe. He resumed his studies and graduated painting in London with the miniaturist S Arthur in 1981. His time off mid-studies provided Howson Lindsey. He confided in her his medium for with useful material for his painting which is painting on ivory, a secret which remained after characterised by its powerful draughtsmanship, she died with her family. Howse painted in simple imagery and theatrical lighting to depict a watercolour, but not to sell, the subjects being masculine world, tough and gritty. Howson soon Scottish and Swiss scenes, figures, dogs, cats and built up a reputation on leaving college. From flower arrangements. Became an associate of RMS. 1982–3 he painted murals at the Feltham Her husband was in the Navy and travelled a lot, Community Association, then in 1985 he was artistbut eventually they settled in Scotland at in-residence at the University of St Andrews. He Kilmacolm, Renfrewshire. won the Arthur Andersen Purchase Award at Compass Gallery, Glasgow, Barras show for the Cherry HOWSON 1912– Watercolour artist who was 1986 Mayfest. Howson showed widely abroad and born at Tipton, Staffordshire. Studied art at the his British solo exhibitions included a retrospective School of Art in Lancaster under the painter and at McLellan Galleries, Glasgow, 1993, Roger etcher Charles Ripper, then with the Kendal artist Billcliffe Gallery, Glasgow, 1999, Flowers West, George Mortram Moorhouse. She exhibited quite Santa Monica, California, 2001, Flowers Central, widely in the north of England, at venues including 2002, and Stations of the Cross, Flowers East, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, Atkinson Art 2003, after recovery from alcoholism. A turningGallery, Southport, the Lake Artists’ Society and point in Howson’s life and career was being chosen with the RS. Lived at Evesham, Worcestershire. as Official War Artist for Britain in Bosnia, sponsored jointly by The Times newspaper and the Joan HOWSON 1885–1964 Stained glass designer who from 1920 formed a partnership with Caroline Imperial War Museum. A further Times-sponsored Townshend (1878–1944). The London-born trip to Kosovo occurred in 1999, even though his Townshend, educated for five years in Scotland Bosnia experiences had left Howson severely followed by two years at the Slade School of Fine traumatised, with a breakdown. The Imperial War Art, between 1900–3 was a pupil of Christopher Museum and Howson’s dealer Flowers East had Wall, from 1906 becoming one of the original put on critically acclaimed shows of Howson’s war tenants of The Glass House, Fulham, collaborating work in 1994. In 2001, Howson designed Scottish with Lowndes & Drury to make her glass. In 1926, Opera’s production of Mozart’s opera Don she and Howson moved to Putney, southwest Giovanni. Flowers Graphics gave Howson a print London, where they had a studio employing several retrospective in 2004. Scottish Arts Council, craftsmen. Howson showed at Walker Art Gallery Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Tate in Liverpool and at the RA Summer Exhibition. Gallery, Victoria & Albert Museum and many The work of Townshend and Howson was included provincial galleries hold Howson’s work. Lived in by Rachel Moss in her 1998 show Stained Glass London. Designs at the Maas Gallery: cartoons of glass Henrietta HOYER MILLAR 1964– Painter of urban completed for St Oswald, Burneside, Cumbria, and country landscapes and nature using a muted 199

palette, born and lived in London. She obtained a City and Guilds qualification in fine art. Group shows included Angel Studios Open Exhibition, 1987 and 1988; Cadogan Contemporary, 1993; and Groucho Club, 1998. Showed solo with Long & Ryle from 1995.

Francis HOYLAND 1930– Painter, printmaker, teacher and writer, born in Selly Oak, Birmingham, married to the artist Philippa Hoyland and father of the painter John Hoyland. Francis’ art master at The Downs School, Colwall, was Maurice Feild, then he attended St George’s School, Harpenden. Studied painting at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, 1946–9; Slade School of Fine Art, 1949– 50; in 1951 an Abbey Minor Scholarship taking him to Italy. Was a conscientious objector to military service, 1952–4. Taught at West of England College of Art in Bristol, 1954–9; Chelsea School of Art, 1960–6; Camberwell, 1966–92; part-time at Cardinal Wiseman Catholic Comprehensive School, from 1992; and for The Prince’s Foundation, 2000. His publications include Painting, 1966, and Alive to Paint and A Painter’s Diary, both 1967. Showed at the AIA, RWA, was included in The Forgotten Fifties which toured from Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield, 1984, and in Camberwell Artists of the 40s and 50s, Belgrave Gallery, 1988. Solo exhibitions included Galerie de Seine, 1956, Beaux Arts Gallery, 1960 and 1961; retrospective, South London Art Gallery, 1969; 90 Diptychs of the Life of Christ, Southwark and Chichester Cathedrals, both 1972; Sweet Waters Gallery, 1990; and Chappel Galleries, Chappel, 2002. In 2004 North Light Gallery, Huddersfield, showed Hoyland’s etchings and paintings. He had works in numerous public and private collections. Lived in London. Henry HOYLAND 1894–1948 Painter who studied in

Sheffield, London and Paris. He exhibited RA, NEAC, RBA, in the provinces and at the Paris Salon and had one-man shows in London and in the provinces. Was a member of Chelsea Arts Club and the Arts Club. From 1921–9 Hoyland was on the staff of Sheffield College of Art and for five years during World War II he was deputy chief

camouflage officer for the Ministry of Home Security. Work by Hoyland, a subtle Colourist, was bought by the RA out of the Edward Stott Fund and provincial galleries hold his work. Lived at Leamington Spa, Warwickshire.

Painter, born in Niteroi, Brazil, married to the artist John Hoyland. They met while at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, completing their studies in 1981. In 1985 they moved to St Martin de Vers, near Cahors, southwest France, where for Hilary capturing the light was an abiding interest. She chose “mixed media, because I enjoy working fast and directly, inventing as I go. I like using transparency and opacity, moderating crayon and pastel until a painting takes on its own life.” With John, she won a Barnes Workhouse Trust Award. The Hoylands usually showed together, as their work ran parallel with similar preoccupations. Exhibitions included Stonegate Gallery, York, 1987; Altigone, Toulouse, 1994; Alpha House Gallery, Sherborne, 1999; and Piano Nobile, 2001. The Prefecture de Cahors owned Hilary’s work. Hilary HOYLAND 1958–

John HOYLAND 1934– Painter, printmaker, designer and teacher, born in Sheffield, Yorkshire. He enrolled in junior art department at Sheffield College of Art in 1946 instead of attending grammar school, then from 1956–60 was at Royal Academy Schools, where in 1959 his entire diploma show of abstracts was taken down by order of the RA’s president Sir Charles Wheeler. Hoyland was elected RA in 1991, with a solo exhibition there, 1999. He became an influential teacher, at Hornsey College of Art, Croydon School of Art, Chelsea College of Art (where he was principal lecturer from 1965), St Martin’s School of Art, Royal Academy Schools and Slade School of Fine Art, from which he resigned in 1989. Hoyland won a number of prizes, including Calouste Gulbenkian Purchase Award, 1963; first prize at John Moores Exhibition Liverpool in 1982; joint first prize in Korn Ferry International Award Exhibition in 1986; and in the following year first prize in the Athena Art Awards Exhibition. Hoyland developed a strong attachment to America, from the late 1960s


making visits to New York and setting up a studio there and in 1972 becoming Charles A Dana professor of fine arts, Colgate University, Hamilton. He was in close touch with such abstract painters as Noland and Motherwell and in 1988 travelled in America selecting and curating the Hans Hofmann show for the Tate Gallery. In 1986 he designed sets for Sadler’s Wells ballet Zansa. Hoyland exhibited widely internationally, including Whitechapel Art Gallery, Waddington Galleries, Serpentine Gallery with tour, 1979–80, Compass Gallery in Glasgow and Flowers East. Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield, held a 30-year retrospective, 2000–1. Tate Gallery, British Council and other major collections hold his work. Tate St Ives would give Hoyland a show in 2006, contrasting the early paintings of the 1960s, with their large open expanses of thinly applied colour and formal arrangements, with expressive and vibrant works newly created for that exhibition. Lived in London.

“my family is my subject.” After World War II service with the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry, she took the advertising design course at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1947–57, notable teachers including Jesse Collins, “who showed me how to relate my designs to the rectangle that contained them. This was a vitally important lesson and has remained with me ever since.” Anthony Gross was her favourite teacher, another the taciturn William Roberts, who would “sit down, do a drawing and leave without a word.” Matisse and Bonnard were inspirations and “my paintings from and about memory were reinforced by reading Marcel Proust whom I felt entirely at home with.” She worked for the advertising agency Colman, Prentice & Varley, 1949–52, and the music printer Christopher Foss, 1952–3, marrying the artist Francis Hoyland in 1953, having two musician sons, John also a painter. Mixed shows included RWA, 1955; Looking Forward, curated by John Berger, South London Art Gallery, 1956; RA Summer Exhibition, 1977–8; and New Grafton John HOYLAND 1957– Painter and pianist, born in Gallery, Artists of Today and Tomorrow, 1984–7. Bristol, son of Francis Hoyland and married to Among her solo shows were Duke Street Gallery, Hilary Hoyland, both artists. John and Hilary met Hadleigh, 1966; The Annexe Gallery, 1982; and at Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, finishing Chappel Galleries, Chappel, 2003. their studies in 1981, in 1985 moving to St Martin de Vers, near Cahors, in southwest France. The Denise HOYLE 1935– Painter and potter. She was Hoylands usually exhibited together, as their born in Paris and studied there at L’Académie de painting ran parallel with similar interests. They la Grande Chaumière. Married to the artist Walter received a Barnes Workhouse Trust Award. John Hoyle. She was especially interested in natural Hoyland gained first prize in the Magnolia history, early botanical drawings and the ballet. Mouldings Landscape Competition and a Gold Designed posters for the Post Office. Showed at Medal at Agen and Albi Salons. The sunlight of Old Fire Engine House, Ely, and in Saffron Walden southern France was a factor in his work, pictures at Church Street Gallery. The Fry Art Gallery in taking him “from four sessions to four years to Saffron Walden holds her work. Lived in Hastings, complete.” Exhibitions included Barbican Centre, Sussex. 1984; St John’s Smith Square, 1989; Galerie L’Or du Temps, Cahors, 1990; Stonegate Gallery, York, Jonathan HOYLE 1957– Painter and draughtsman, 1994; and Piano Nobile Fine Paintings, Richmond, he studied at Rochdale College of Art, 1999. John was also a concert pianist in England Gloucestershire College of Art and the Royal and France, venues including St John’s and the Academy Schools, 1979–82. He gained the Three Choirs Festival. The Prefecture de Cahors Elizabeth Greenshields Scholarship in 1981; a prize for drawing at the Royal Academy Schools in 1982; and York University hold his work. an Italian Government Scholarship for 1982–3; Philippa HOYLAND 1924– Painter, draughtsman and and the Oppenheim-John Downes Memorial designer, born in West Byfleet, Surrey, for whom Award in 1989. Hoyle’s figurative pictures were 201

notable for their strong abstract design. He showed in mixed exhibitions including Pick of Graduate Art, at Christie’s, in 1982; RA 1985 Summer Exhibition; in 1986 at New Grafton Gallery; and in the Laing Collection, Mall Galleries, 1990. He had a solo show at Wellington Crescent, Winnipeg, in 1985; at Judd Street Gallery, in 1990; and Abbott and Holder, 2001 and 2004. HRH The Prince of Wales bought his work.

Walter HOYLE 1922–2000 Watercolourist, printmaker, designer and teacher, born in Rishton, Lancashire, married to the artist Denise Hoyle. He studied at Beckenham School of Art and at Royal College of Art, 1940–2 and 1947–8, under Edward Bawden. From 1948–9 he was artist attached to the Byzantine Institute in Istanbul. Work that he saw there influenced Hoyle, who also claimed to be “an English romantic with a love of France”. Hoyle taught at St Martin’s School of Art, 1951– 60; Central School of Arts and Crafts, 1960–4; and Cambridge School of Art, 1964–85. While in Cambridge he launched Cambridge Print Editions, which produced limited editions of artists’ prints. Editions of his own prints were commissioned by Editions Alecto, Christie’s Contemporary Art and Folio Society. He designed wallpapers and painted murals for the Natural History Museum and for the Sealink ship St David. Showed at RA, Leicester Galleries, Zwemmer Gallery, Kettle’s Yard in Cambridge, the Great Bardfield Exhibitions in mid1950s and elsewhere. Other commissioned work was done for Shell, BBC and Post Office. Fiftyyear retrospective in 1993 at Fry Art Gallery, Saffron Walden. Tate Gallery, British Museum and Victoria & Albert Museum hold his work. Lived in Hastings, Sussex, with a studio in Dieppe, France.

honours from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, 1983–7. Group appearances included Hatton Gallery at the University, 1985, and in 1989 both Dance Attic Studios and East End Open Studios, based at Vyner Street Studios.

Printmaker, watercolourist and teacher, born in London. He studied at Goldsmiths’ College School of Art, 1918–26, then at British School in Rome, 1926– 8. He went on to become principal of Penzance School of Art, 1941–66. With his wife Inez Hoyton, the artist, he was a notable figure in Newlyn art circles and showed widely locally as well as at RA, RBA, and elsewhere in the provinces. Hoyton’s work covered a wide range, from early prints in the manner of Samuel Palmer and F L Maur Griggs – as illustrated in The Studio volume Artists’ Country, by C Geoffrey Holme and G S Sandilands – to abstract etchings of Tresco, in the Isles of Scilly, of the late 1940s. He was also a notable portraitist. In all his work there is strong emphasis on sound draughtsmanship. He had a final show of The Lifetime’s Work at St Ives Society of Artists in 1987. Edward Bouverie HOYTON 1900–1988

Painter in oil and watercolour, designer, weaver and embroiderer, Hoyton studied at Leeds College of Art. It was there that she trained to teach, eventually becoming art teacher, during World War II, at Benenden School, in Kent. When her husband, the artist Edward Bouverie Hoyton, became principal of Penzance School of Art, Inez taught there, from 1946–68. Although her second name was Estella, she sometimes signed her work Inez B Hoyton. She and her husband became strongly associated with Cornish artistic life; Inez was a member of the Newlyn Society of Artists, the St Ives Society Louis HOYLES 1914– Although primarily an of Artists and the Penwith Society, in St Ives. She industrial designer, Hoyles was also a sculptor and travelled widely, notably in Greece, Italy and Spain. draughtsman. Born in London, he studied art with Inez exhibited at the RA, the Orion Gallery in Harold Youngman and Russell Reeve. Exhibited Penzance and widely in Britain. Lived at Newlyn. in Britain and abroad, mainly in design-oriented Wacław HRYNIEWICZ 1909–1987 Architect shows. Lived in Stanmore, Middlesex. and sculptor, one of the group of Polish paper Alison HOYNES 1965– Hoynes graduated with sculptors who made such an impact in Britain after Inez HOYTON 1903–1983


World War II. After graduating from Warsaw Institute of Technology’s department of architecture he spent two years in the studio of Le Corbusier, returned to Warsaw to work on the modernisation of Polish Railways, then in 1938 with Osiecki and Skolimowski gained first prize for the design of the Polish pavilion at the New York World Fair. After deportation to Siberia by the Soviet Union, in 1941 he was released to join the Polish Army and served in North Africa and Italy, later designing and overseeing the erection of the Polish War Cemetery at Monte Cassino. In 1947 with Osiecki and Skolimowski set up Studio 2, offering architects’ and designers’ services, clients served by Hryniewicz including Creda and Swan Mill and many international fairs and exhibitions. Eventually he reverted to architecture. Was included in Polish Paper Sculpture at Polish Cultural Institute, 1995.

and at Chelsea College of Art. Showed at RA, Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, National Museum of Wales in Cardiff, Usher Gallery in Lincoln, Camden Arts Centre and at RWA, where in 1996 she was included in the 2nd Open Sculpture Exhibition with the near-abstract Wingless Bird. Many private collections in Britain and abroad hold her work. Lived in London.

Painter, printmaker, furniture designer, printer, writer and lecturer. Born in London, he studied at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art, Croydon School of Art and Chelsea Polytechnic. Hubbard was founder and director of the Forest Press; for a time master of the Art Workers’ Guild; and the author of over a dozen books, including A Hundred Years of British Painting 1851–1951. He was a member of many societies connected with painting and printmaking in Britain and overseas. Exhibited widely, including Su-Lien HSIEH 1964– Painter of single canvases, ROI, RSA, RA, RBA and Ridley Art Club. Many diptychs and triptychs, and photographer, of galleries in Britain and abroad hold his work. Lived Taiwanese nationality. She studied fine art at the in London. University Granada, Barcelona, Spain, 1995–6, gaining her master’s in European fine art at John HUBBARD 1931– Painter, designer and Winchester School of Art, 1997–8. She was printmaker, born at Ridgefield, Connecticut, interested in integrating Chinese calligraphy with America. He studied at Harvard University, 1950– ideas from Western art as well as exploring 3, completed three years’ military service including concepts of time and travel. Contributed to the time in Japan, then in 1956–8 studied at Art exhibition Global II Collection at Addison Wesley Students’ League of New York and with Hans Hofmann. From 1958–60 Hubbard lived in Rome Longman, Harlow, 1998–9. and travelled through Europe, then moved to Xiao Peng HUANG 1960– Artist, born in China, who Dorset in 1961, settling in Chilcombe. Among a attempted “to return to the traditional spirit of wide variety of activities Hubbard in 1968 designed Oriental art from Minimalism”. He studied at décor and costumes for Dutch National Ballet’s Le Guangzhou Academy of Arts in China, then at Baiser de la Fée; in 1983 designed décor for the Slade School of Fine Art. Group exhibitions Royal Ballet’s production Midsummer; in 1985 included Guangzhou Academy from 1983; Six painted the backcloth for Sylvia pas de Deux for Slade Students, Rijksakademie, Amsterdam, 1992; the same company; was in 1988 invited resident Artists’ Open Studios, Tudorleaf Centre, 1993; and artist at Poet’s House, New Harmony, Indiana; then Journeys West, University of Essex touring show, in 1990 was guest in Malaysia of the National Gallery of Malaysia. Group exhibitions included 1995. The Sea at Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle upon Deirdre HUBBARD 1935– Sculptor, born in New Tyne, 1986; Forces of Nature at Manchester City York City, America, who graduated Summa cum Art Gallery and tour, 1990–1; and John Moores Laude at Harvard University in 1957. Studied with Liverpool Exhibition, 1991–2. He won the Jerwood Andreas Feininger, in the studio of Elisabeth Frink Prize for Painting in 1996. Hubbard’s first solo Hesketh HUBBARD 1892–1957


show after moving to England was at New Art Centre in 1961, after which he added many international one-man exhibitions. He had a series of shows with Fischer Fine Art from 1984, after a retrospective at Warwick Arts Trust, 1981, another following at Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, Connecticut, 1986. Latterly exhibited with Marlborough Fine Art and had shows at New Art Centre Sculpture Park and Gallery, East Winterslow, 2002, and Six Chapel Row Contemporary Art, Bath, 2003. Tate Gallery, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, British Council and other public collections hold his work. Hubbard won the Jerwood Prize in 1996.

Abstract painter, born Norman Edgar Hubert in Billingshurst, Sussex, and one of the mysterious curiosities of modern British painting. He was at school at Sherborne, and after studying art at University of Reading, 1924–6, was at the Slade School of Fine Art, 1926– 9 (gaining a certificate for drawing, 1926–7). Henry Tonks was among his teachers and he shared rooms with William Townsend, in whose journals he appears. Although he socialized with such painters as Geoffrey Tibble, William Coldstream and Rodrigo Moynihan and was involved in the Objective Abstractions group in the mid-1930s, Hubert was a shy man who became a recluse, exhibited little and whose work is generally unknown. He exhibited with the AIA, 1939; in La Jeune Peinture en Grande Bretagne, at La Galerie René Drouin in Paris, 1948, exhibiting four gouache compositions, one lent by the British Council, which organised the show; in the same year having solo show at the Mayor Gallery, where he had begun exhibiting in 1946, offering 20 Compositions, I–XX, “prices on application”. After living with his family in Beaconsfield after World War II Hubert settled in Seaford, Sussex, where he continued to paint for himself, working in a variety of styles including a geometrical phase and abstracting out of his head rather than from nature. Hubert kept abreast of art developments, but was reluctant to talk about his own work. There were few exhibitions of Hubert’s work in the 1950s and Edgar HUBERT 1906–1985

1960s. His Recent Paintings were shown at the ICA in 1958; he was included in British Art and the Modern Movement 1930–40 at the National Museum and Gallery of Wales, Cardiff, in 1962; and in 1963 the Contemporary Art Society presented Glasgow Art Gallery with a work. He painted at least one portrait, of his mother, held by the family. Finally his health was not good and he died of broncho-pneumonia and chronic broncho/asthma in a nursing home. The Fine Art Society showed Hubert’s Paintings 1941–1969 in 2005.

Artist and curator who graduated with honours in fine art and history of art from Goldsmiths’ College in 1991. He went on to work from a studio in Paddington and as a curator at the Government Art Collection, having previously been with the Anthony d’Offay Gallery. Hudson worked in various mediums such as video, photography, performance and installation. For his solo show Project Chryse Planitia at Clapham Art Gallery, 2001, he produced watercolours on oversized canvas or paper dry-mounted on aluminium, parodying the tour of the eighteenthcentury artist but related to the surface of Mars. Alistair HUDSON 1969–

Andrew HUDSON 1935– Artist, born in Birmingham,

who studied at Oxford University, graduating in English literature and language, 1957. Attended Slade School of Fine Art, 1957–9, and the University of Saskatchewan, Canada, 1961–2. From 1965 he lived in Washington, America. Group exhibitions included Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, from 1979; Basel Art Fair, with Bernard Jacobson, 1980. Showed widely in America, Germany and Canada, solo exhibitions including Klonardis, Inc, Toronto, from 1981; Brody’s Gallery, Washington, from 1985; and Gallery 163, Seattle, 1989. Public collections holding examples include National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa; Corcoran Gallery of Art and George Washington University, both in Washington; and Pallant House Gallery Trust, Chichester, presented by Hudson by way of a memorial to Charles Kearley, a major Pallant House benefactor, the two being cousins.


Anna Hope HUDSON 1869–1957 Painter, also known as Nan Hudson, who was born in New York but brought up in Washington. She produced landscape, figure and architectural pictures in the manner of Walter Sickert, who admired her work. Went to Paris to study art in early 1890s, meeting her lifelong friend the painter Ethel Sands; spent five years in Eugène Carrière’s atelier from 1896, also studying with Henri Evenepoel. As well as showing in Paris, she shared a show with Sands at Carfax Gallery, 1912, was a founder-member of LG in 1913, a member of WIAC and also showed at London Salon, NEAC, Baillie Gallery as well as Cooling, Goupil and Leicester Galleries. Pictures by her were included in Camden Town Recalled at Fine Art Society, 1976, and The Painters of Camden Town, at Christie’s, 1988.

Royal Festival Hall and New Religious Art, Liverpool Biennale, both 2002; and Urban and Suburban Stories, VTO, and Portal, Studio J, Kyoto, Japan, both 2003. In 2004 Hudson had a Jerwood Artists’ Platform solo exhibition in which he “mixed sound, text and appropriation and combined political comment with comical authority to poignant effect”. Nan HUDSON: see Anna Hope HUDSON

Tom HUDSON 1922–1997 Teacher and artist, born in

Horden, County Durham, into a working-class, mining environment with little exposure to art. Association with such key figures as Harry Thubron and Herbert Read honed Hudson’s natural ability to inspire and motivate others. Hudson studied at Sunderland College of Art, at King’s College at the University of Durham, then did a postgraduate course in art history at Courtauld Institute, 1950–1. Began teaching at Lowestoft School of Art, other appointments following in Leeds, Leicester, Cardiff College of Art where he was director of studies and in Vancouver, Canada. He held a number of consultancies in Britain and abroad, and was interested in a range of subjects including education, colour and the history of art. Group shows included Drian Galleries, Grabowski Gallery where he also had a solo show in 1973, and abroad. In 1972 he completed a mural for University Hospital Wales in Cardiff. Hudson was a member of the 56 Group, also exhibiting with SEA, at Royal National Eisteddfod and elsewhere. Died in Bristol.

Painter and designer, born in south Devon as Eleanor Erlund Hudson. She studied at Royal College of Art, teachers including Robert Austin and Malcolm Osborne, becoming an associate in 1937. Her studies were extended for two years with Continuation and Travelling Scholarships. War Artists’ Advisory Committee bought her work, which is in the Imperial War Museum. Hudson was made a member of RE in 1946 and RWS in 1949, also showing at RA and abroad. She was a costume designer and was artistic adviser to the Brooking Ballet School. A group of Hudson’s sensitive figure studies was featured in the RWS’s Spring Exhibition, 1999, celebrating 60 years since she was made an associate. Lived in London for many years, latterly with Nesta Brooking. Hudson’s watercolours and Yvonne HUDSON 1924–1985 Sculptor, artist in etchings were included in a small group show at various fields including watercolours and Nine Clarendon Cross in 2004. embroidery, puppet-maker and teacher, born in Graham HUDSON 1977– London-based sculptor, Wanstead, Essex. She studied at the Slade School born in Kent, who graduated in fine art, sculpture, of Fine Art in 1943–8, winning the sculpture prize from Chelsea College of Art & Design, 1997–00, in the latter year. For a time she was arts adviser gaining his master’s in the same discipline at Royal to the Scottish Association of Girls’ Clubs, then College of Art, 2000–2. Hudson’s awards included after marriage she lived at Earnley, Sussex. Taught A to B via Sea, British Council and P&O, and at Portsmouth School of Art and later at Horsham Deutsche Bank Pyramid Award for Art, both 2002. Art School. She was a keen Anglican, and much Among group shows were Beck’s Futures Student of her work had religious themes and was done for Film/Video Festival, ICA, 2000; Sound and Vision, Chichester Cathedral and Sussex churches; it is Erlund HUDSON 1912–


also held by Worthing Art Gallery. She was a fellow of the RBS and showed at RA, RBA and elsewhere and had several solo shows in Chichester, Earnley and Winchester. Retrospective at Chichester Centre of Arts in 1987.

Paintmaker, printer, teacher and curator, born in London. Studied at the Royal College of Art, 1908–14, under W R Lethaby, Gerald Moira and Sir Frank Short. Exhibited RA, RE, provincial and overseas exhibitions. Huggill’s work is held by a number of northern art galleries, including Atkinson Art Gallery, Southport. He was principal of Southport School of Art, 1921–30, and curator of the local art gallery for that period. From 1930 he was principal of Liverpool College of Art for 21 years. Lived at Dyserth, Flintshire. Henry Percy HUGGILL 1886–1957

John HUGGINS 1938– Sculptor and teacher, born in

Wiltshire. He studied sculpture at West of England Art College, Bristol, 1956–61, gaining among awards the prize for sculpture in both 1959–60. He became a part-time lecturer at Bristol Polytechnic and Bath Academy of Art until 1977, then decided to sculpt full-time. Huggins’ affinities were with artists such as Brancusi and DuchampVillon, being concerned with forms and their interaction and impeccable craftsmanship. Mounting on black bases was a feature of his sculptures. Initially he showed in the Bath and Bristol area, then signed with Alwin Gallery, later Art Scene, to handle his output exclusively, having a series of solo exhibitions, although he had a oneman at Anthony Hepworth Fine Art, Bath, in 1993. In 2004, McHardy Sculpture Company showed Huggins’ The Maltese Collection. Was a member of RWA and associate of RBS. Arts Council and Bristol City Art Gallery hold his work. Lived in Woodford, Berkeley, Gloucestershire.

Painter, draughtsman and teacher who studied at Darlington Sixth Form College, 1984–5, Newcastle University, 1985–9, and Royal Academy Schools, 1989–91. From 1985 she gained a string of awards, including the John Christie Memorial Prize twice at Newcastle

Angela HUGHES 1964–

University, 1986–7; Eric Kennington Drawing Prize, 1990–1; and the David Murray Landscape Scholarship at RA, 1991. In that year, too, she gained a Northern Arts Artists’ Bursary. Again in 1991 Hughes was granted a National Trust for Art Commission and a Procter & Gamble Ltd Commission. Held many visiting tutoring posts and residencies, especially in the northeast. Her work was described as being about “the power and atmosphere of places”, tough and uncompromising. She began to show in mixed exhibitions in 1987 at Hatton Gallery, Newcastle University; other venues included RA, Mall Galleries and The Artists’ View, Docklands, 1991. In 1992 she shared a show at Cadogan Contemporary and in 1994 won The Alasdair Gilchrist Fisher Memorial Award there. University of Northumbria (which gave her a show in 2005), National Trust and many corporate collections hold the work of Hughes, who was born and lived in Darlington, County Durham.

Painter, linguist and former banker, born in Ryki, Poland. After technical school specialising in electro-mechanics, in 1988 Hughes gained her master’s in Scandinavian languages at Jagiellonian University, Cracow, subsequently studying law and finance in Poland and abroad. While studying in Sweden she spent six months in Mora, painting under tuition from a local sculptor. In 1997, commercial banking took her to London, but in 2000 Hughes gave it up to paint full-time, sharing a show at Crypt Gallery, St John’s, Smith Square, in 2000. Her work sought “to explore and answer the most fundamental questions of human life, such as desire for meaning, suffering and human limits in comprehending the transcendental.” Beata HUGHES 1966–

Ben HUGHES 1967– Self-taught painter, born in the

west of England, who until 1999 was a chartered accountant and finance manager. He then became a full-time artist, notable for landscapes painted in Britain and abroad. Hughes took part in mixed exhibitions and shared shows in Bath and Honiton and in 2004 was included in W H Patterson’s Six Selected Artists.


Christopher HUGHES 1881–1961 Painter, printmaker,

illustrator and teacher, born in St Albans, Hertfordshire, he studied privately and acquired his artistic training from his father, Wyndham Hughes, who was a specialist in ecclesiastical decoration and stained glass. Christopher Hughes served at Marlborough College, 1920–46, as art master. Exhibited RA, Foyles Gallery, Walker’s Galleries and in the west of England. Lived at Marlborough, Wiltshire. Darren HUGHES 1970– Artist

and lecturer, born in Bangor, Caernarvonshire, who did his art foundation diploma there at Gwynedd Technical College, 1989–90. Hughes gained an honours degree in fine art from Falmouth School of Art & Design, 1990–3; a postgraduate diploma from the Cyprus School of Art, Paphos, 1994–5; and a postgraduate certificate of education from Coleg Menai, 2002. He had a residency at Oriel Mostyn, Llandudno, 1999, in conjunction with Peter Prendergast’s show New Paintings 1994–98. In 2001 Hughes was Young Welsh Artist of the Year – Young Wales 5, RCamA, the year the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, acquired his work. Group exhibitions included Landmarks, jointly with Iwan Parry, Oriel Ynys Mon, Llangefni, Anglesey, and with Owein Prendergast and Iwan Parry, Capsule Gallery, Cardiff, both 2002, and with Luned Parry and Eleri Jones at RCamA, 2004. Among Hughes’s solo exhibitions were Ruthin Craft Centre, Ruthin, 2002, and New Work, The Albany Gallery, Cardiff, 2005. He was then a lecturer in printmaking and photography at Coleg Menai, Bangor. Hughes lived and worked in Bethesda, Gwynedd.

David HUGHES 1936–2003 Hughes was a squire who

turned his hand to restoration and became a selftaught heraldic sculptor. Among Sir David’s many monuments was the 400-year-old house of his mother’s family in Wilburton, Cambridgeshire, which he restored, plus many artefacts such as his bronze of Christ, a memorial for his cousin, Beauchamp Pell, in St Peter’s Church, Wilburton. Hughes was educated at Oundle School and Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he read

French and Russian. For 11 years he was in the export team at Pye Unicam, selling scientific instruments to the Eastern Bloc. In 1970 he succeeded his father, the 13th baronet, leaving Pye three years later when Beauchamp Pell invited him, his wife and their four sons to live at the family home, The Berristead, which had been tenanted, provided they restored it. This prompted Hughes’s creative nature and he modelled small sculptures in wax, then cast in solid metal. In 1979 he commercialised this interest by buying the ailing firm Louis Lejeune, producers of bronze and silver ornaments and car mascots, relocating the business to Wilburton. He expanded the company’s range by sculpting bespoke heraldic trophies, table decorations and other items. Commissions included candle sconces for Ely Cathedral’s choir stalls; four bronze eagle finials for the Great West Door of Westminster Abbey; an Eagle for the wand of the verger of St John’s College Chapel, Cambridge; and a lion rampant, presented to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother when she opened Leech Hall, University of Durham. In his early sixties Hughes took to furniture-making and woodcarving. He was a member of the Art Workers’ Guild. Painter, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland, who evolved a style of work that initially involving covering his panels in gold leaf on which he then painted. The underlying gold gave his colour added intensity, not unlike the effect achieved by early Dutch masters who worked on copper panels, and Hughes additionally let the gold shine through the pigment in selected parts. He showed regularly at the RUA and RHA, was included in the 2005 Oakham Galleries Ltd Spring Exhibition and took part in other London and American mixed shows. Hughes had several solo exhibitions in Ireland and Dallas, Texas. The Ulster Museum in Belfast and several corporate collections held his work.

David Gordon HUGHES 1957–

Dean HUGHES 1974– Versatile artist in wide range

of media, born and lived in Manchester, who graduated from Chelsea College of Art and Design, 1993–6. He used mundane daily objects such as


tickets, thread, masking tape and paper to create minutely detailed pieces, as in his contributions to the Hayward Gallery tour The British Art Show 5, 2000–1. Other group exhibitions included Banana Republic, Bund, 1996, one of several Matthew Higgs-curated exhibitions in which Hughes’ work appeared; A-Z, The Approach, 1998; Getting the Corners, Or Gallery, Vancouver, Canada, 1999; and Point of View I and II, Richard Salmon Gallery, 2000. Among Hughes’s solo exhibitions were Laure Genillard Gallery, from 1996; Gian Carla Zanutti Gallery, Milan, Italy, 1998; The International 3, Manchester, 2000; and Turnpike Gallery, Leigh, and 38 Langham Street, both 2002. Des HUGHES 1970– Artist using a range of materials,

as in his commission for The Showroom in 2003: The Screaming Abdabs. For that, Hughes continued his process of reconfiguring everyday surroundings and common objects. A series of human-scale figures, made from cardboard tubes, were the means of displaying medium- and smaller-scale works by the artist. Hughes was born in Birmingham, graduating from Bath College of Art, 1989–92, gaining his master’s from Goldsmiths’ College, 2000–2. Later group shows included The Way to Happiness, VTO, 2002, and Twilight, Gimpel Fils, 2003. In 2004, Hughes had a solo show at Whitechapel Project Space. He lived and worked in London.

Artist, principally in watercolour and crayon, born in Clifton, Bristol, who continued to live in the city. He was a student at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art under Iain Macnab and Henry Massey. Went on to become auctioneer and estate agent, but retired early to paint. Showed in London and the provinces and had first one-man show at Clifton Arts Club in 1924; for a time he was chairman of the Club. Was also a member of the Bristol Savages, being originally elected as a literary member, for he wrote several volumes of verse. In 1938 he wrote the text for the artist Kit Gunton’s book Birdsworth. Bristol City Art Gallery holds Hughes’ work. He bought Blaise Hamlet, and when his offer of it was refused by Bristol Corporation presented it to the National Donald HUGHES 1881–1970


Painter, printmaker and designer who after initial education, partly in France, in 1913 attended Heatherley’s School of Fine Art;

Edith HUGHES fl. c.1910–1960

also studied painting with Harold Gilman and Walter Sickert and printmaking with Ernest Jackson. Exhibited RA, RCamA, NPS, ROI, Goupil Gallery and Paris Salon. Lived in London.

Edith Burnet HUGHES 1888–1971 Architect and watercolourist, also known by her maiden name, Edith Burnet before marrying her architect husband T Harold Hughes. She was born in Edinburgh into a family with architectural connections, attended Aberdeen Art School, 1912–14, and was with A I Archts (Scot), 1914. After being on the staff of Aberdeen Art School and Technical College, 1915– 18, and marriage in the latter year, she practised in Glasgow from 1921, becoming an associate of the RIBA in 1929. Coatbridge War Memorial, 1924; Mercat Cross, Glasgow, 1927–30; and St Clement’s Chapel, Dunblane, are among her works. Hughes joined the Glasgow Society of Lady Artists in 1915, and among her commissions were alterations to its fine premises, in Blythswood Square, 1929 and 1934. She was the Club’s vicepresident in 1934, its president, 1946–9, and was also an Hon. Member. Photographs and watercolours of Hughes’s architectural work were included in the Club’s centenary exhibition at Collins Gallery, Glasgow, in 1982. She also participated in shows at Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts and RSA. Eleanor HUGHES 1882–1959 Watercolourist, born in

Christchurch, New Zealand. After initial education in New Zealand, she studied in Newlyn, Cornwall, with Stanhope Forbes and Elizabeth Forbes. Continued to live in Cornwall, at St Buryan, and was married to the artist Robert Morson Hughes. She exhibited RA, Goupil Gallery, NEAC, RI, SWA, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, and elsewhere. Oldham Art Gallery & Museum, Lancashire, holds her work.

Frank HUGHES 1905–1987 Painter, draughtsman and

teacher, a Londoner born in St Pancras who settled


in Muswell Hill. Although trained at St Martin’s School of Art, Hughes worked for the capital’s water board in an administrative capacity, a chore which enabled him to live and pay for his painting materials. A longstanding friendship with the painter Edward Bishop was important. With his companion Kathleen, Hughes travelled in France and Italy, producing drawings and watercolours of landscapes and café scenes which he would work up later into oil paintings. These, like his sensitive portraits, can be small and quite dark. Hughes, an exhibiting member of the NEAC, was very leftwing, a hater of the Establishment, who did, however, exhibit three landscapes at RA Summer Exhibitions between 1954–61. His diffidence prevented his showing widely. He was heavy smoker, starting with a cigarette, changing next to a cigar, then a pipe, and as a result suffered from emphysema. Frederick George HUGHES 1924– Sculptor in plastic,

born in Gibraltar. He was a member of Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, also exhibiting in group shows including RA Summer Exhibitions, 1966–72, and Marjorie Parr Gallery. Lillie Art Gallery, Milngavie, holds two works in the manner of Naum Gabo, bought in 1973, Cyclops and Germination, Perspex and string abstracts. Lived in Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire.

Painter of strong figurative works, and writer, daughter of the poet laureate Ted Hughes and the poet Sylvia Plath, brought up in Devon. She attended Bedales, then studied at St Martin’s School of Art after an early marriage, selling greetings cards and three years in the Civil Service in Exeter. Travelled to Australia in 1988, where she bought a farm to which she returned periodically, also having a studio in south London. In 1999 she published a volume of poems, Wooroloo, having previously concentrated on children’s books. Showed with Anna-Mei Chadwick. Her husband Laszlo was also a painter. Frieda HUGHES 1960–

Glyn HUGHES 1931– Artist, gallery owner, critic, editor and teacher, full name Edward Glyn Hughes, who was born in Hawarden, Flint, Flintshire, and

attended Bretton Hall, Yorkshire, 1951–3. He taught at Cobourg School, in the Old Kent Road, from 1953–6, and joined the ICA during the same period. In 1956 Hughes moved to Cyprus, where he taught in various schools. He participated in mixed exhibitions and was a member of the Cyprus Chamber of Fine Arts from its founding in 1960. From 1960–4 he owned and ran the Apophasis (Decision) Gallery with Christoforos Savva in Nicosia in the house where Savva lived, shows being held outside in the yard. When Cyprus became independent, the gallery moved to a better location in Apollo Street, where Hughes and Savva showed “their own and artists’ work and included lectures, discussions, traditional music and play readings; there were speakers like the great Russian film director Sergei Bonderchuk and a photographic exhibition from the Hermitage Museum in what was then Leningrad”. In 1960 Hughes and Savva took part in a UNESCO exhibition in Beirut, Lebanon. Hughes was also film and arts critic for the Cyprus Mail, arts editor for the Cyprus Weekly and designed for the Cypriot National Theatre, also abroad. In 1994, he took part in the Fifth Cairo Biennale of Art, Egypt, representing Cyprus. There was a 50-year retrospective of Hughes’s work at Wrexham Arts Centre in 2005.

Self-taught designer and patternmaker notable for the sculpture of the mathematical genius Alan Turing that was completed for Sackville Park, Manchester, in 2001. Hughes’s life-size bronze figure sits on a bench holding an apple, an allusion to the poisoned apple with which he committed suicide in 1954 after persecution for homosexuality. Turing helped invent an inaugural computer at Manchester University and became famous for his role in cracking the German Enigma code in World War II. Hughes disdained the description artist, describing the Turing memorial as “just another precision engineering job.” He lived in Adlington, Lancashire. Glyn HUGHES 1958–

Ian HUGHES 1958– Painter, art therapist, photographer and installations artist, born in


Glasgow. Hughes studied at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee, 1976–80. For much of the 1980s he worked with the mentally sick, in the art therapy department at Stobhill Hospital, Glasgow, then at Royal Edinburgh Psychiatric Hospital. He had his first one-man show at 369 Gallery, Edinburgh, in 1985. In 1988–9 he worked as artistin-residence at Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh; had a solo show there in 1989 and in that year showed widely on the continent. Several large museums, as well as the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, hold his work which was deeply influenced by his time with the mentally deranged and which can be sad and disturbing but powerful.

Designer and teacher, born in Glasgow where he attended the School of Art, 1950–4, then Jordanhill College, obtaining his teaching certificate. Went on to lecture at Glasgow University’s extra-mural department. Was elected to SGA in 1972. Showed in the Glasgow area, having work in the local public gallery. Lived in Ayr. Jim HUGHES 1934–

Ken HUGHES 1927– Sculptor and teacher, born in Liverpool. After Liverpool Collegiate School, 1938–43, took an engineering apprenticeship at the Royal Naval Artificer Training Establishment, Rosyth, 1943–7, then served as engine room artificer on HMS Theseus and Black Swan in the Far East. He attended Liverpool College of Art, 1949–51, then the Slade School of Fine Art, 1951– 5, under A H Gerrard, Reg Butler and F E McWilliam. Hughes went on to teach at Birmingham College of Art and Bath Academy of Art, where he was head of sculpture, 1965–85. Hughes’ main works were a Holy Family group in Southwark Cathedral and portraiture. His painted sculpture in relief and in the round was “influenced by German painting of the Weimar Republic” on which he lectured. Hughes took part in various group shows, including RA Summer Exhibition, and had solo shows at Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, 1969; Bristol City Art Gallery, 1971; Festival Gallery, Bath, 1982; Victoria Art Gallery, Bath, 1986; and Browse & Darby, 1995, which featured

painted plaster figurative works with a dramatic element. In 2004 Hughes was included in The beginning of Ikon, at Ikon Gallery. Birmingham and Bristol City Art Galleries hold examples. Lived in Bristol.

Systematic Constructivist artist, draughtsman, painter and teacher, born in Manchester. From 1938–9 he attended the College of Art there, then Royal College of Art in 1946–50. He taught part-time initially at Bath Academy of Art, where he remained 1960–70. From 1966–70 taught at Chelsea College of Art, from 1968–82 at Slade School of Fine Art, becoming emeritus reader in fine art at University of London. In 1969 Hughes was co-founder of the Systems Group. Hughes had his first one-man show at ICA in 1965. Among the group shows he contributed to were Four Artists: Reliefs, Constructions and Drawings, at Victoria & Albert Museum in 1971; Basically White at ICA in 1974; and British Art in the 60s, Tate Gallery in 1977; he also appeared in many overseas group shows; and in The Non-Objective World Revisited at Annely Juda Fine Art in 1988. Hughes’ work is held by British Council and Manchester City Art Galleries. The artist Jean Spencer was Hughes’ companion for over 25 years, becoming his second wife in 1997. The Tate Gallery held a small joint memorial show in 1999. They lived in London. Malcolm



Nigel HUGHES 1940– Painter, sculptor, designer and

author, born in Camberley, Surrey, who became a full-time artist from 1977 when he attended the Royal Academy Schools under Peter Greenham and Norman Blamey. To produce his landscapes and wildlife studies in the romantic, figurative tradition Hughes travelled extensively, including the continent, Arabia, Africa, New Zealand, the South Pacific, South and Central America. Mexico was a special favourite. His solo exhibitions were held in Britain and widely abroad. He had a show in London at the Mexican Embassy when its president visited in 1985; at Guy Morrison in 1987; plus a series at Oliver Swann Galleries. Hughes’ work featured in David Hicks’ book Living with Design, 1979, and in several archaeological works


on ancient American civilizations. Hughes guided a tour to Yucatan in 1987. Forty large watercolours of Maya monuments of Mexico and Central America were exhibited at Museo Nacional de Antropologia, Mexico; National Arts Club, New York; and at Canning House, London, in 2000, the year they were published as Maya Monuments, with Hughes’ text. Hughes was the first artist to paint from live specimens all 50 species of the neotropical bird family Cracidae, shown at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Houston Museum of Natural Science, Missouri Botanical Garden in St Louis and Central Park Zoo, New York. Maritime Relics was held at The Fine Art Society in 2003. Commissions included HRH The Prince of Wales, the Grenadier Guards, National Trust and Tower of London. Limited-edition prints were produced of his works. Hughes was a fellow of the Linnean Society of London. Lived in County Down, Northern Ireland, and Bridport, Dorset.

Painter, designer, teacher and writer, born in Birmingham. He studied at James Graham Teachers’ Training College, Leeds, 1959–61, in the latter year having his first solo show at Portal Gallery. In 1961 also he showed in John Moores, Liverpool, Exhibition, the first of several appearances. For three years in the early 1960s Hughes taught in Leeds schools before becoming senior lecturer in painting and drawing at Leeds College of Art, 1964–9. After a year studying art education at London University Hughes taught for four years at Chelsea and Wolverhampton Schools of Art from 1970. In that year he had a one-man show at Angela Flowers Gallery, the first of many there. Later one-man exhibitions included, all in 2001: Properspective, Flowers East; Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Seoul, South Korea; Flowers Central; Louis K Meisel, New York, America; and Hyperspective, Flowers West, Santa Monica, California; and in 2002 Riperspective at Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery. Doors Etcetera was Hughes’s solo show at Flowers New York, 2003–4. The prolific Hughes also participated in numerous group shows internationally. His pictures had a strong jokey Patrick HUGHES 1939–

element, featuring odd perspectives, rainbows and visual paradoxes. These were themes taken up in books such as Upon the Pun, Dual Meaning in Words and Pictures, produced with Paul Hammond, in 1978, and Moron Oxymoron, of 1983. Hughes’ work is held by Arts Council, Tate Gallery and British Council. He was the second husband of the writer and artist Molly Parkin. Lived in London.

Versatile, self-taught artist, born in London, who studied at Cambridge University and whose extensive worldwide travels shaped his work. The structure of landscape and archaeology were key preoccupations. Hughes was a co-founder of the software company Logica. In 1984 for BBC2 Television he made a programme on his own view of the future, examining work and art in society. From 1988–92 he was a council member of the Royal College of Art; from 1990– 6 was on the board of the Design Museum; and from 1996 was for several years chairman of the trustees of the National Gallery, the first artist to hold the position. A mural for Quaglino’s restaurant, wall hangings for Boots of Nottingham and brooches and bracelets based on paintings were aspects of Hughes’s work. He showed solo with Francis Kyle Gallery from 1979. The Museum and Art Gallery, Inverness, held a 20-year retrospective in 1990. In 1998 a retrospective toured Australia, coinciding with the publication of Patterns in the Landscape The Notebooks of Philip Hughes. In 2000–1, Tate St Ives held Hughes’s exhibition The Tin Route. Philip HUGHES 1936–

Robert Alwyn HUGHES 1935– Painter, graphic artist,

film maker and teacher, born in Dowlais, Glamorgan. He attended Newport College of Art, 1953–7, Leicester College of Art, 1957–8, and Royal College of Art, 1958–61. From the early 1970s, he was in charge of Taliesin Films, becoming known for experimental films and photographic projects. Showed at Howard Roberts Gallery in Cardiff, McRoberts and Tunnard in London, SWG, Royal National Eisteddfod and abroad. Among his films was a semi-documentary on the poet Idris Davies. CASW bought his oil


painting Send Back Your Homing Pigeons, Dai. Indistinct Breath of the Image was a survey of Hughes’s paintings and prints, 1990–06, at Newport Museum and Art Gallery in 2006. Of the exhibition, the gallery wrote: “‘These are disruptive and exciting times’ aptly sums up the most recent work. The subject matter and narrative belongs to the past but the imagery to the present day.”

Painter and draughtsman, born in Llanwrst, Denbighshire. Having lived in Australia with his family he volunteered for service with the Australian Army and during action in France was blown up and almost paralysed. In Australia he began painting under the tuition of Maud Russell. Later had tuition at the Royal Society, studied in Rome and at Central School of Arts and Crafts under Bernard Meninsky and F J Porter. Settled in North Wales, finally at Rhyl, where he was a founder-member of the Colour Society and Prestatyn 57 Group; was also a member of the UA and was president