Page 1

94


Q[\S94

M[\ď0


Iu bgt kÖxm~hŠ¨vq ci eªÞ‥Y bgt

Bgvi ‥mbvLqvZ

weòzwcÖqv gwYcyix Vvii cyivbv cvwÄ m~hŠwm×vť�i gvwnj Mbvwb A‥m MbvwbiKv gvaecyii cweÎ ivmi RvMv Anvb‥i †K›`ªM aivwb ABj AÿZzc: 24.31º Jqvs `ªvwNgvZzc: 91.84º gyO mgqi jqvM: 6º gyO

gvwi 94 DĂ‹g wmsn

‥cŠwi http://www.pouri.org

wbDBqKŠ, wZjcvivóª

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?1


9I[.9>^\C

\Q\OĆ‹^\Ă‘j[Q\GM^S]D[STM[\Ä?.X[L\L9[T[\LQbLj[„;T;[9HOWSK\Sj[XŇ[9bSg\SH[(QSW[KL[-X[LSNTX[L .\XT“M[\Ä?â€? L[=SWNC7j½[SX[LT(QS5bS“M[\Ä?â€? L[=S;L95X[LTȉĪ[X[\S\JL9[SL[;/M^S[OWS.X[S

M[\Ä?X[L;L[\L59bSS(M[\Ä?;L[\LS9[\J@[HSQ[\X.bWp(W^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźO[bS[q(\Oǜĭ\WÄ­[ÄźO[J`9\WÄ­[Äź(W^R­½

\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X5H[M^S[L[9[bTÄĄ>\Tj[.bXQ[\XÂ&#x201E;RH[TO[@[bS>bTSO[+T[Sj[QM[\Ä?;L[\L-S(\Qbjg/bQW^R­½\WÄ­[Äź Q[\X/Tj[M[\Ä?5X[LQ_\H­M[T9ST^(/+bS@]9½[bTÄš[SÂ&#x201E;>j[M^S[L[\JL.X[LX[SM[\LO[S/\HX[WS<CL[S\JL.X[L \OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LL^\=\9Ǣ.Q[SM[\Ä?5H[S\JLH[\S:O[bS[\H\I\L9[T[\L5X[LX[\OÄĄ\XL9[QX[L(-X[bL.\Q X[\Ç M^S[L[\JLH[\S:5H[/bQ/+bS\@TQ[\Hj[S(H[I9j[QS5bSČ&#x2030;S9[XĤ[5X[bLÂ&#x201E;R9^LM^S[L[H[\S:\H\I

\OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LO[SL[L[L;bOVL[S9[bQT[;H/-X[LÂ&#x2026;Ç&#x2C6;bLj(.Q[SP[SH1MQX[bJUSQ^+O[S[HÂ&#x201E;RÂ&#x201E;RWL-Ĺ&#x2022;O[ M[\Ä?O½[OX[S9S[\L-S-H[X[\Ç 5bM/HÂ&#x201E;>ĹŻS[\LHXĤ[.X[bLgI^/T^(

OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;SQ[\S5X[L9^ĹĄ[;[ÄĄ>[T^-bWX[L-X[LQ[H[\L\XL(9^L;/Q[ÄĄ[S[O[JU[X.9ObS\L9[T[bWX[LO[bS[ 9HH[/Q[ÄĄ[S[S[@[UU[+9/\L9[T[bWX[L(\Q-W[bJÂ&#x201E;9[L6\HX[\W9H9­HR[L[L[QL[1\S(5Q[\Spspx/bT

.\@9[ÄĄpspxOWS.b;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;-9S[\L-bW5W[bJÂ&#x201E;TM9\Sj[pOĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;ÄĄ-9\Sj[X[\SQ[\SSM[\Ä?.X[LU[H9ST^(

\X@\S\X@\SH[\S:;L[\LSL[L[LMÄ­\H>[T^-bW-H[X[\OH:[\LL[:[\LÂ&#x201E;RW[bJ1T[TS(-X[bLQSMÄ­\H 9^bjH O[bS[Q[/žWNCMÄ­\HS:[\LW+Ć&#x2019;[S9\Sj[ 5X[bHgp\JLÂ&#x201E;XTO[9Q/bHM[bS(\X@\SH[\S:Â&#x201E;TM9S[\LS>^ĹĄ[

MÄ­\HX[L/TH[/I[\>S\M?S\JbLÂ&#x201E;OT];O^S[\LSI[+L[H@^T[9X[LÂ&#x201E;J:bT-\JLS\M?S\JbLM/T[Q[W(Â&#x201E;J:[\L5X[bHg Â&#x201E;ObWM-/bHM[bSÂ&#x201E;Q<[T[/bTÂ&#x201E;R;Â&#x201E;>/H/-;S>[L[X[LÂ&#x201E;W+L[/bTO[Â&#x201E;9[L@[;[X[ÄĄÂ&#x201E;>/H[S[5W[bJ(-X[bL

O[+T[bJbU/bQWS9[\S@[H]j>[*JÂ&#x201E;J:[9\Q\CbjÂ&#x201E;RX[LÂ&#x201E;TM9SH[/-X[LS;b@I[Ĺ°\Jj[\X@\SH[\S:O[bS[MO­ Â&#x201E;TM9S[\L-S(

O[+T[bJUO[+T[bJUSO[+T[59[bEQ]bjÂ&#x201E;RO[+T[M[\Ä?SW+Ć&#x2019;[S9bS\W-X[L/bQâ&#x20AC;&#x153;O[+T[bJUâ&#x20AC;? O^\Tj[Â&#x201E;JL[-/T( Q[\XW^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X/Tj[\JLO[SMSOXO[WQjR[Ă&#x160;[\H\ILĂ­Ă&#x160;9SLÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă XƤ^C.\J;LbT1 Â&#x201E;OL]b@[T[9\L9^T[\LO^S[\LĂ XLO[bS[TĂś5H[Č&#x2030;ÄŞ[J`9\WÄ­[Äź/Tj[;L[\L-/T(

Â&#x201E;RH[S;bOVL[O[bS[9Q­ĥM[+T[9M[W^H[ 1. Shree Ajit Krishnan, MHora-v0.2.

2. Shree Michio Yano (http://www.cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp/~yanom/) articles, and Pancanga (version 3.13). 3. Shree Vinay Jha (http://jyotirvidya.wetpaint.com/), Shree Surya Siddhanta releted all articles. 4Ă&#x2DC;]W_R­½\WÄ­[ÄźÇ&#x2030;[Q]\OÄ&#x152;[L[LĹ prpuW[TÂ&#x201E;OT^hQD9\T9[H[(

5. Indian Astronomy: An Introduction By S. Balachandra Rao, Year 2000, Universities Press.

6. Indian Calendric System, by Commodore S.K. Chatterjee (Retd.), Year 1998, Publication Division, MOIB, Govt of India.

My special thanks for their tools:

1. Microsoft for Visual Studio 2010 & Hijri Calendar.

2. Swiss Ephemeris (http://www.astro.com/swisseph/) for swedll32.dll

T\QbH;[X[\Ç S[+Â&#x201E;X/>[.X[LQS5bSČ&#x2030;Çł9[Q5X[HÂ&#x201E;9[LT[TI[/bTHS[9QbSO[b;/O[+\QT;[T;Â&#x201E;RW[bJ1 >^Q9SH1(

1ĥQ\W+X\L1/j9­pspxWL

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?2


\L+bIgǶ¾Qľ]@^T[9M[\LS-\KM\HǏdzO[bS[N[jNWTS-\KM\HbOT](

=========================================================

p…OU[:xsQ[\S/bS/xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSq…OU[:>[ŃrQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qqQ[>­uwvO[+T[bJUw…>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTp…>Huox…QcHrU\@O^.W[QpOX[;qSQ@[Luv\X@S]

W[+¾[\ļX\QH/ro…>HxrQ[\S uwvrqo /LW[/LW[ J+svrwrt <psSWQj  „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottvqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oxpupwJ+wqqrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupspo qr 

MS<oqpptoJ+qospqt„Mj[I[+L[H„S[\XG]9SG;S\Oj[L<oxpupw

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxptrrJ+wqrqo„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;.j^Ɛ[L\Oj[L<

„@[T[9ptqwqo r rMJ

ovrpqw„Mj[-X[ġowqootġposttw„Mj[-X[ġoppptoġ

O^Koporqsx p sMJ

oxpspr„Mj[-X[ġorrtqxġosqrow„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

Ƕ¾poqoqto qt pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowqootġoxowsr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovrwtsġ

S[ȉpowtxrt qs pMJ

poqvssġpptwts„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxoqpwġporpso„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqrq(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<oxptrrJ+wqrqo„Mj[I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊ9`\ġ9[„O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovpupv qr (

J+wqqrt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxpptwJ+rwppst„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ

„OT]opporu p pMJ

ppruspJ+psprrqt„Mj[I[+L[H„WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLottsprġ

QþToorrqx p pMJ

oqsxou„Mj[-X[ġosquqpġouorru„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovrwtsġ

Ǐdzsrsxtv po qMJ

posxrqġpprvpq„Mj[-X[ġosqrowġottwqv„Mj[(

U\Lupvrwrq pt sMJ

owqurs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtursġpoqvss„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^swtxrt po rMJ

QþTO\¾5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvppst ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<oqppssJ+qosppoSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L

„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LS MS<oqppssJ+qosppoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL  „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oxpupoJ+wqqptSI[+L[H

„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oxptqvJ+wqrtSI[+L[HP[H H^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<

oqppssJ+qosppoSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxpupoJ+wqqptSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxptqvJ+wqrtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxpupoJ+wqqptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oqppssJ+qosppoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ

LíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxptqvJ+ wqrtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Louoxrr„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovspoo„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxquqr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprppv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[opsvtw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[Losorsr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Louptrv„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owqwrt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hpostsr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqtxrx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtvqv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osruqx„Mj[( Q[\S94

M[\ď3


q…OU[:xsQ[\SI[+>[xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSr…OU[:>[ŃsQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qrQ[>­uwvO[+T[bJUx…>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTq…>Huox…QcHsU\@O^.W[QqOX[;rSQ@[Luv\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottuqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ \Oj[L<oxptpsJ+wqqrqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupspo qr 

MS<oqtutqJ+qqrurvt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxsupqJ+xsqrvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;

„@[T[9ppwqxw s rMJ

oxttrqJ+pottvt„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtustġ

O^Kopqpupt p sMJ

optxrt„Mj[-X[ġoqsvowġosqqpu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ƕ¾poqorutr qt pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqxtsġoroppt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLottroxġ

S[ȉpowtuqs qs pMJ

ovrrow„Mj[-X[ġosqwprġottvqs„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqtr(

MčQ]\Oj[L<oxsupqJ+xsqrvt„Mj[I[+L[HVƊ]LíÊ„S[\XG]„O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovpupv qr (

oxptpsJ+wqqrqt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxqussJ+rwtppvt

„OT]oqxpr p pMJ

„WgP[;½\Oj[L<porrsqJ+pprwsqt„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL\Oj[L<

QþToppxt p pMJ

oppprw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howqurwġposxpx„Mj[-X[ġpqqsqvġ

Ǐdzsrsvtu po qMJ

ousptqġovroru„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Houortvġoutpro„Mj[(

U\Lupvrsq pt sMJ

ovqsro„Mj[-X[ġosrqruġouortv„Mj[(9[TS[\Houortvġ

„9H^swtuqs po rMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<oqtvouJ+qqrvpqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oxsuosJ+xsqpvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9 @^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxsuosJ+

xsqpvtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprt

uwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<oqtvouJ+qqrvpqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqo

qqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqtvouJ+qqrvpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxptouJ+wqqpqtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxsuosJ+xsqpvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[; „J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxptouJ+wqqpqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„O\LSMS< oqtvouJ+qqrvpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxsuosJ+xsqpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Louotru„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovrvos„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxqqqv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqvqp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[opssoq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[ortxsv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Louppsq„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owqsso„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hpospsv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqttss„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtrro„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqrq„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď4


rÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;tQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qsQ[>­uwvO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHtU\@O^.W[QrOX[;sSQ@[Luv\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]L[;MÄ?Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotttpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxstqxJ+xsotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loutpts qs 

\Oj[L<oxstqxJ+xsotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<popqqxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oxsoquJ+xrotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qppsrx t rMJ

oxpspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottqouÄĄousotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koprtwrt q pMJ

pqqsorÄĄorrrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqusoÄĄotptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpoqppqpt qt pMJ

pptwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptwpqÄĄopqxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louorps(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<ospqqxJ+qtswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGO[TO

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howpwqo qs (

soswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<oxtstoJ+pospqt

Â&#x201E;OT]orvsw p pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLousotsÄĄoxtupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovrxpsÄĄ

QĂžToqsrw p pMJ

opppqtÄĄoqoopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutpsuÄĄovrxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsrsuu po qMJ

9^\T9S[\HorrrtuÄĄosqpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqusoÄĄ

U\Lupvqxqx pt sMJ

opqxpxÄĄoqtwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;powtrpr qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swtrpr po rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ospqqqJ+qtswqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ospqqqJ+qtswqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxstqpJ+xsoroSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ospqqqJ+qtswqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\L\Oj[L<posurtJ+pqpupqtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<posurtJ+pqpupqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< oxstqpJ+xsoroSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<posurtJ+pqpupqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxstqpJ+xsoroS I[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<

ospqqqJ+qtswqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<posurtJ+pqpupqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouopsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?5


sÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;uQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qtQ[>­uwvO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHuU\@O^.W[QsOX[;tSQ@[Luv\X@S] -bU[9VĆ&#x160;]Ć&#x2019;Ĺ&#x201E;VĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottsprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<postrvJ+pqprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrqow qt 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<postrvJ+pqprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppqusoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<oxsupsJ+xsvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qprsux u rMJ

outqopÄĄoxpsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprupuÄĄoqstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koptrxsr q pMJ

orrvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptwqsÄĄoqstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpoqpswtr qt pMJ

9[TS[\HporpowÄĄpptxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorru(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<otturqJ+ropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxqopp qt (

srtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oxrxssJ+xqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]osuqp p qMJ

ottpoqÄĄovqwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpossqxÄĄoppppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžToqtox p pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrvttÄĄotptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxopÄĄ

Ç?Çłsrssqw po qMJ

oroppsÄĄosrqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovqqssÄĄowtsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupvqstt pt sMJ S[Č&#x2030;powtor qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swtor po rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ottuqtJ+roposvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ottuqtJ+roposvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<postrpJ+pqprrqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ottuqtJ+roposvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<postrpJ+pqprrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottuqtJ+roposvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<postrpJ+pqprrqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxrxtxJ+xqxsqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<postrpJ+pqprrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottuqtJ+roposvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pppxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?6


tÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;vQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]quQ[>­uwvO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHvU\@O^.W[QtOX[;uSQ@[Luv\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]O[W\ÄźM^@[S;HOX[\L WĹ&#x152;Q] 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottroxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pqpqqsJ+pttrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowptsv qu 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pqpqqsJ+pttrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

xsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<poowrtJ+posuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqutsq v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvtxÄĄotpttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouostxÄĄoutqpu

O^Kopvpxrs q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppotxÄĄoptxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqqrptÄĄ

ǜžpoqqquss qt pMJ

opqxqqÄĄoroppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrrrxÄĄoxoqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louortv(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owossrJ+rtrspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoqotu qu (

oposrvJ+swurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<oxstrpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]otstp p qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowputxÄĄposrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppotxÄĄoqswtx

QĂžTorrtrv p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsovÄĄpprttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptvswÄĄorrqqq

Ç?Çłsrsrq po qMJ

opporpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovqptpÄĄowtrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupvqopw pt sMJ S[Č&#x2030;powsutq qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swsutq po rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owosruJ+rtrrttSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owosruJ+rtrrttSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owosruJ+rtrrttSI[+L[H

prtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L <pqpqrxJ+pttsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owosruJ+rtrrttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqpqrxJ+pttsqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxstqtJ+xsttvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqpqrxJ+pttsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owosruJ+rtrrttS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxporxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqspsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?7


uÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;wQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qvQ[>­uwvO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHwU\@O^.W[QuOX[;vSQ@[Luv\X@S] -Ĺ&#x2021;M_G­[M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottqouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqooosJ+qoqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxorpw qv 

9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqooosJ+qoqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

posrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotswtuÄĄovqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rwpttr w qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoutqrqÄĄoxpsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptvprÄĄottroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kopwtvuo q qMJ

poswqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprqrtÄĄpqqpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpoqrtst qt pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowtroqÄĄpoqtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqtupqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louospw(

I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[S[\H<porottJ+spsqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppxos qv (

oqtxtpJ+tqtvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<poovrqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ourpx p qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxtsqsÄĄpprqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrworÄĄotpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTosqpq p qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxtqÄĄorrworÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpsotÄĄ

Ç?Çłsrspsv po qMJ

poswqwÄĄpprtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptvowÄĄopqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupvptrx pt sMJ

osqsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;powsrsp qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swsrsp po rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<porpoxJ+spsqttSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<porpoxJ+

spsqttSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxtvJ+qoqsttSI[+L[HL^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<porpoxJ+spsqttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L

:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxtvJ+qoqsttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poovqrJ+posrroSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxtvJ+qoqsttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<porpoxJ+spsqttSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxousqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpppprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoquoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?8


vÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;xQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qwQ[>­uwvO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHxU\@O^.W[QvOX[;wSQ@[Luv\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[QLOQ]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottpoqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osoosrJ+qtqxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxtsqs qw 

Â&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<osoosrJ+qtqxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pqxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoxrqÄĄorrosx

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqopxsw x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtrsxÄĄposrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpsosÄĄ

O^Koqorstt q rMJ

osrrqwÄĄouotspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptwtrÄĄopqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosrx(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<opoutoJ+swpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqprot qw (

otorqoJ+twwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<posorxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ovpst p rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotsvtqÄĄovquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrooÄĄoppors

QĂžTotuqs p qMJ

poopoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppsÄĄosrrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsrsoss po qMJ

ǜžpoqrsttr qt qMJ U\Lupvpotw pt sMJ S[Č&#x2030;powsorp qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swsorp po rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<opousrJ+swpvvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S

9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<opousrJ+swpvvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­C O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< opousrJ+swpvvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osooruJ+qtqxpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opousrJ+swpvvtS I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osooruJ+qtqxpoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<posorqJ+pqwuoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<osooruJ+qtqxpoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<opousrJ+swpvvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxoqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owotooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqruorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?9


wÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;poQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qxQ[>­uwvO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpoU\@O^.W[QwOX[;xSQ@[Luv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]O[W\ÄźM^@[T\QT KQ­S[@JUQ]  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsxtxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ouosprJ+rosotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lposwot qx 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otoptuJ+twtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ouospr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<pppvsuJ+prssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqqotp po pMJ

oppoqpÄĄoqswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqvqwÄĄououoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Koqqpopr q rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposwoqÄĄpprtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospvoqÄĄottpoq

ǜžpoqsqvu qt qMJ

owqvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtprwÄĄpoqsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louostx(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<orsqqrJ+tsswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opoptx qx (

J+rosotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovotorJ+rptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]owox p rMJ

otsusxÄĄovqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowpssoÄĄposqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTottpss p qMJ

ovsooqÄĄoxpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrooqÄĄospvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsrrxtr po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowpssoÄĄoxortvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsooqÄĄ

U\Lupvupt pt sMJ

poqsoqÄĄpptuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqpvÄĄporoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;powrvqo qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swrvqo po rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orsqptJ+tsswrtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<orsqptJ+tsswrtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouosqwJ+rosproSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orsqptJ+tsswrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouosqwJ+rosproSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pppvrxJ+prssqvtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ouosqwJ+rosproSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orsqptJ+tsswrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovprqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpporsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owopotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osowtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?10


xÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ppQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]roQ[>­uwvO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHppU\@O^.W[QxOX[;poSQ@[Luv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9[QJ[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotswtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owopruJ+rtrutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsqtu ro 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovorrwJ+rpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<pptqooJ+ptpqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spsqqru pp pMJ

posvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqprwÄĄopttqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsqqpÄĄ

O^Koqrsrst q sMJ

ououqrÄĄoutrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwrxÄĄoroppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpoqtxqo qt qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HououqrÄĄovrsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqqoqÄĄotsxtx

O^SH/Q[J[Louotqo(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ouowrtJ+otuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opstrt ro (

<owopruJ+rtrutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owttrvJ+vtsrt

Â&#x201E;OT]owtwro p rMJ

Ç?O-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtqrxÄĄoppoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvouÄĄ

QĂžTourvo p qMJ

ospupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourtoxÄĄovqsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłsrrxps po qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotstsvÄĄovpwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrrswÄĄououqr

U\Lupvprp pt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;powrspo qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swrspo po rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ouowqvJ+otusoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ouowqvJ+otusoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouowqvJ+otusoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owopqxJ+rtrusoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouowqvJ+otusoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owopqxJ+rtrusoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovortrJ+rpqsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owopqxJ+rtrusoSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouowqvJ+otusoS

I[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovoxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotssoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osotooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

poÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pqQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rpQ[>­uwvO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpqU\@O^.W[QpoOX[;ppSQ@[L uv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]O[QLÇ&#x161;z[JU]

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?11


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsvtqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ S[\H<oxsrpoJ+rxtrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrvso rp 

M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ouovrpJ+otsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

vtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxsrpoJ+rxtrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9squqwro pp sMJ

\JLourspqÄĄoxtqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsoqpÄĄoxprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koqtptqr q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrrqÄĄovsoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqppsÄĄorqwqx

ǜžpoqttqrt qt qMJ

osptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqqtxÄĄppttssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louotsp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotssss\Oj[LoxtqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqsqs rp (

owpusvJ+uqovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGOO\Oj[L<owtsprJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oxtuto p rMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<pqputsJ+pupvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTovqqps p rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotssssÄĄourspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxtuÄĄoptxqs

Ç?Çłsrrwsu po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqvswÄĄotpvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqwqxÄĄ

U\Luputust pt sMJ

ppttssÄĄopqwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopqtruÄĄoqtrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;powrotx qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swrotx po rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ouovsuJ+otstvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxsrqsJ+rxtsqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H \Oj[L<owpvooJ+uqosoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ S[\H<oxsrqsJ+rxtsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouovsuJ+

otstvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpvooJ+uqosoSI[+L[Hprtuw popqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouovsuJ+otstvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

S[\H<oxsrqsJ+rxtsqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpvooJ+uqosoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouovsuJ+otstvtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VS[\H<oxsrqsJ+rxtsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owpvooJ+uqosoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxsrqsJ+rxtsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouovsuJ+otstvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxsrqsJ+rxtsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owpvooJ+uqosoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovtrpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/osopouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otroprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?12


ppÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;prQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHprU\@O^.W[QppOX[;pqSQ@[L uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsusxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<ppoqorJ+srprpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprpqx p 

XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<poootoJ+posqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<pqqupwJ+pusrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9twsptt pq sMJ

opoxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrswÄĄoxprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprsovÄĄ

O^Koqusstx r pMJ

oqswtpÄĄorrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptspuÄĄoqspooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpoqurusv qt qMJ

owsxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqxtrÄĄpptvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououoq(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<owpuouJ+upwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqtxqr p (

poqtspJ+ppsqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<ppoqorJ+srprpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]opottv p sMJ

XV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrsqÄĄovqqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposporÄĄ

QĂžTowvqu p rMJ

oqspooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwqsÄĄotpvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsrrwro po qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoroppsÄĄosrsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpurvÄĄ

U\Luputptw pt sMJ S[Č&#x2030;powqvsw qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swqvsw po rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owpttwJ+upwtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<pooossJ+posqrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpttwJ+upwtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<pooossJ+posqrtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpttwJ+upwtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppoqpwJ+srprttSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pooossJ+

posqrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owpttwJ+upwtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppoqpwJ+srprttS I[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owpttwJ+upwtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<ppoqpwJ+srprttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pooossJ+posqrtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovopsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?13


pqÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;psQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpsU\@O^.W[QpqOX[;prSQ@[L uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotstsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<pptqtpJ+stqqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqspp q 

9SG;S\Oj[L<pprotsJ+psqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<pptqtpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLowpprvÄĄposorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqptss pr sMJ

ouovquÄĄoutsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprtuÄĄpprrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koqwpqqr r pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqqoquÄĄopovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovptsuÄĄ

ǜžpoqvqpts qt rMJ

ovrstpÄĄoxoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououqr(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<pooopoJ+posppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrprx q (

stqqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<pqptrrJ+pupxrvt

Â&#x201E;OT]opptrqq p sMJ

opoxrpÄĄoqswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwqwÄĄotpvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTowtqrs p rMJ

optrspÄĄorqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxrpÄĄoptxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsrrwqt po qMJ

owswtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqwowÄĄoroppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lupusvpo pt sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;powqsrw qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swqsrw po rMJ

Ç?ÇłO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvsoso U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<poooosJ+posottSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<pptrotJ+stqrqvtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

\Oj[L<pppuooJ+prtrqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ S[\H<pptrotJ+stqrqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poooosJ+posottSI[+L[Hqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pppuooJ+prtrqoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<pptrotJ+stqrqvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

poooosJ+posottSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H< pptrotJ+stqrqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pppuooJ+prtrqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovstqo Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpooqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/ortrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?14


prÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ptQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHptU\@O^.W[QprOX[;ps SQ@[Luv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SOWÄźS[WTĂ­]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]OTS[QS[WR[Ă&#x160;[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotssssO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ooprotJ+supwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorpuor r 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqourtJ+pttxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ooprotJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotsprwÄĄovqpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtoqpÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ursqqr ps sMJ

oxprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptrovÄĄotstsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Koqxrvqu r pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxtoÄĄpqpxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposutxÄĄ

ǜžpoqwvts qt rMJ

owswpoÄĄpoqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqtppvÄĄospwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououss(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<pppttoJ+prtqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osoqpw r (

supwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<ppspssJ+pstvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]opqtprt p sMJ

ppqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwrrÄĄotpwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutspxÄĄ

QĂžToxrvrx p rMJ

optxosÄĄorrwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxprttÄĄposutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsrrwrq po qMJ

pprrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptssqÄĄopqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupusqqo pt sMJ S[Č&#x2030;powqpqv qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swqpqv po rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ppptsqJ+prtqrtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[ O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<oopqtvJ+supwpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppptsqJ+prtqrtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspu

pvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< oopqtvJ+supwpvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oopqtvJ+

supwpvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppptsqJ+prtqrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oopqtvJ+supwpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpossouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovspqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?15


psÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;puQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpuU\@O^.W[QpsOX[;ptSQ@[L uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrsqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<oooptwJ+sttrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losovsu s 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pqppqoJ+pupsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+pqrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<oxqpqsJ+xpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upurrrv pt rMJ

otsorvÄĄovqopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporxrvÄĄopoxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpotxtv r qMJ

poooqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropptÄĄosrsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louovot(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<pqootsJ+ptswpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrqrp s (

oooptwJ+sttrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<posrto

Â&#x201E;OT]oprsxsu q pMJ

I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;S[\HopououÄĄorqtqtQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

QĂžTopoqqsq p sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsxsvÄĄporxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxprtrÄĄ

Ç?Çłsrrwtp po qMJ

osrsspÄĄouowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptuquÄĄopqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpoqwtsst qt rMJ U\Lupurvro pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;powpwpv qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swpwpv po rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pqopowJ+ptswstSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxqprxJ+xpqrtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<posrssJ+pqrtptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[\Oj[L<oxqprxJ+xpqrtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqopowJ+ptswstSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpv

pwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqopowJ+ptswstSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pqopowJ+ptswstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oooptoJ+

sttrqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oooptoJ+sttrqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< posrssJ+pqrtptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pqopowJ+ptswstSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L <oooptoJ+sttrqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqowrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqouqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orstqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?16


ptÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pvQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]t5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpvU\@O^.W[QptOX[;puSQ@[Luv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<ppqorvJ+ssxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotoopo t 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ppstouJ+ptpppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

xpqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<ovrttxJ+stotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqxsoqu pu rMJ

porxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowtuÄĄoqswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqwrwÄĄ

O^Kpqpxst r qMJ

osppooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposursÄĄpprqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpoqxsqqu qt rMJ

9^\T9S[\HovspppÄĄowqvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsusxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;powptu qs pMJ

oxoqpvÄĄpoqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovqu(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<pqpuotJ+puqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otorqu t (

ppqorvJ+ssxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<oxqpqxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opssvts q pMJ

M\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxruÄĄovpxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoxqqÄĄ

QĂžToppvsp p sMJ

ouowqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovspppÄĄoxprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqsrxÄĄ

Ç?Çłsrrxqq po qMJ

osppooÄĄotsrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoxqqÄĄowtxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupurqrx pt rMJ

poqoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoqoquÄĄpptsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^swptu po rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxqpsqJ+xpqsqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqpupxJ+puqxptSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxqpsqJ+xpqsqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9 Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqpupxJ+puqxptS I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqpupxJ+puqxptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppqotqJ+ssporvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqpupxJ+puqxptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<

ppqotqJ+ssporvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppqotqJ+ssporvtSI[+L[H MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L <oxqpsqJ+xpqsqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pqpupxJ+puqxptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<ppqotqJ+ssporvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orowspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqosruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orspquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?17


puÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pwQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]u5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpwU\@O^.W[QpuOX[;pvSQ@[Luv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsprwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<popqpvJ+spqpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottspp u 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<posxssJ+pqttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<popqpv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<ovruqtJ+stqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vprqtw pv rMJ

opowssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvruÄĄposuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwtrÄĄ

O^Kprrurw r rMJ

ouqwruÄĄovpwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouowtoÄĄouttouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpporotr qt sMJ

ovpqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrtorÄĄouowtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouowtoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louovsv(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<pqorppJ+pttwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrupw u (

J+spqpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxqwqrJ+xrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]optsup q pMJ

otqxsqJ+txrvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoxswsoÄĄ

QĂžTopptqrw p sMJ

optpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrvrxÄĄospooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsrsos po qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqvroÄĄoroppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrwrtÄĄ

U\Lupuqvsw pt rMJ

ovrtrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospttuÄĄotsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;powpptt qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swpptt po rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqorosJ+pttwsoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppqspoJ+psqrtvtSI[+L[H

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[

@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovrupvJ+stpsqtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pqorosJ+pttwsoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppqspoJ+psqrtvtS I[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqorosJ+ pttwsoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

popqpoJ+spqpqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrupvJ+stpsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqorosJ+pttwsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<popqpoJ+spqpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<ppqspoJ+psqrtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqoospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otourwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?18


pvÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pxQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpxU\@O^.W[QpvOX[;pw SQ@[Luv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsorvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxtpJ+rvrrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loutoso v 

OO\Oj[L<oxqxpoJ+xruqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxtpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<otroowJ+txrwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqusoru pw sMJ

oxswovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsprpÄĄoxprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kpstoqs r rMJ

outtqqÄĄovsprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwroÄĄorqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpppqou qt sMJ

osoxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopxquÄĄpptrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louowow(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<ppqsssJ+psqtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loupqrp w (

rvrrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovstroJ+tpxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opussu q qMJ

<orotosJ+trrwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLouqvspÄĄ

QĂžTopqrvrq p sMJ

otrvrtÄĄouqvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowrrÄĄoptwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłsrsotv po qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosqwtxÄĄotpxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqroxÄĄ

U\Lupuqqtu pt rMJ

pptrqrÄĄopqvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopqptwÄĄoqswrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;powwst qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swwst po rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppqstxJ+psquSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<poqsqxJ+pptvptSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxqxorJ+xrupoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L 9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ppqstxJ+psquSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppqstxJ+

psquSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqsqxJ+pptvptSI[+L[Hprsuvpo pqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppqstxJ+psquSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqsqxJ+pptvptSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxsrJ+rvrqtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<oxqxorJ+xrupoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppqstxJ+psquSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxsrJ+rvrqtoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L

<poqsqxJ+pptvptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqstosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?19


pwÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qoQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqoU\@O^.W[QpwOX[;px SQ@[Luv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ousvrwJ+rqttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtoou w 

oxovsoJ+wsvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otsstxJ+oqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wporptq px sMJ

ovputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvsvÄĄopowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttrwÄĄ

O^Kpuosx r rMJ

orrwtwÄĄotpxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswsuÄĄorrwtw

ǜžppqpoq qt sMJ

osrtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovposqÄĄowsstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louowqx(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<poqtorJ+pptwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loutrrp x (

ovsupvJ+tqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ousvrwJ+rqttvt

Â&#x201E;OT]opvsqw q qMJ

\Oj[L<ooqtpwJ+svpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotrurtÄĄ

QĂžToprqqqq q pMJ

oxprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqorÄĄoqruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsrsqq po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptopuÄĄoqruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroppxÄĄ

U\Lupupwr pt rMJ

poqwsqÄĄppttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;powtrs qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^swtrs po rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<poqtpwJ+pptxpvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxovrrJ+wsvqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S \QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsupoJ+

tqpqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpp

pqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqtpwJ+pptxpvtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxovrrJ+wsvqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqtpwJ+pptxpvtSI[+L[H

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxovrrJ+wsvqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxovrrJ+wsvqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ousvroJ+rqtssvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovsupoJ+tqpqvtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ousvroJ+rqtssvt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxovrrJ+wsvqtS I[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqspowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotowsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?20


px…OU[:xsQ[\S„T/M[9M[xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqo…OU[:>[ŃqpQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]x5\ÑTuwvO[+T[bJUqu…>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTpx…>Huox…QcHqpU\@O^.W[QpxOX[;qoSQ@[L uv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwrtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ Q[J[L<osrxttJ+qvrwqo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtqpu x 

J+wsxsqt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġS[V[i[\Oj[L<ovrwouJ+tupt„Mj[I[+L[H

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

osrxttJ+qvrwqo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<orrpowJ+tsswto

„@[T[9wqsrsru qo sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowouqwġporvqo„Mj[-X[ġopowpqġoqswsu

O^Kpvvrx r sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoxprtoġpprpsu„Mj[-X[ġopsxsqġorqpso

Ƕ¾pprosp qt sMJ

oporss„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoxtrġowsspp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louowto(

WŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<oxowqw

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovsorw po (

ØOG[9SG;S\Oj[L<otstswJ+oqrqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

„OT]opwsox q qMJ

„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;W[K½S[\H<oxrsopJ+rxtrrt„Mj[I[+L[HǶP

QþTopsvpo q pMJ

„Mj[-X[ġorrxorġotpxrw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houoxttġouttts

Ǐdzsrsrpx po qMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopowpqġoptwqx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqpvstġ

U\Lupuprpp pt rMJ

opqvorġoropqp„Mj[(9[TS[\Hovruowġoxoqqo„Mj[(

S[ȉpowqqs qs pMJ „9H^swqqs po rMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L O[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<oxowqoJ+wsxqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osrxsvJ+qvrwSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H \Oj[L<ovrwqoJ+tutoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]

-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[

<[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsuopJ+oqrrtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osrxsvJ+qvrwSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oxowqoJ+wsxqqtS I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ovrwqoJ+tutoSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt

pvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxowqoJ+wsxqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\L XO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxowqoJ+wsxqqtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osrxsvJ+ qvrwSI[+L[H\ÊM^ƃSbJ[V\Oj[L<ovrwqoJ+tutoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

osrxsvJ+qvrwSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otsuopJ+oqrrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxowqoJ+wsxqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<osrxsvJ+qvrwSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovrwqoJ+tutoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louropr„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowptrv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqorp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrvpq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqtqtw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotostp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovpvto„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxrstu„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppswtr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsurx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqtsp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oststp„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď21


qoÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qqQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqqU\@O^.W[QqoOX[;qp SQ@[Luv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvrtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqpoqJ+qptrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxttsx po 

\Oj[L<ouopooJ+pttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPQ[J[L<ourstpJ+rqqwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xwsus qp sMJ

ppqvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxoxÄĄotpxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutuppÄĄ

O^Kpwporx r sMJ

optwqsÄĄorrxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxprtoÄĄpostruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpprtpuo qu pMJ

pprproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqqvÄĄopquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxpq(

I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<ovrxpwJ+txptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrsru pp (

oqqpoqJ+qptrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<opowsqJ+swttpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]opxrww q qMJ

ǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotrsrvÄĄovptqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsurpÄĄ

QĂžTopstptt q pMJ

oxprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsxoxÄĄotrwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsrsssv po qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvpuÄĄpqpvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpostruÄĄ

U\Lupuwpx pt rMJ

owsrrqÄĄpopwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsurpÄĄospqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;povtxpr qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^svtxpr po rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovrxpoJ+twttSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ouoppsJ+purqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrxpoJ+twttS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrxpoJ+twttSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ouoppsJ+purqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrxpoJ+twttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouoppsJ+purqtS

I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovrxpo J+twttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqppwJ+qptsptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqqppwJ+qptsptSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrxpoJ+twttS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqppwJ+qptsptSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< ouoppsJ+purqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotoottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovprtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?22


qpÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qrQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqrU\@O^.W[QqpOX[;qq SQ@[Luv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrurtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<pptuosJ+pttrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotwpw pp 

ouoqppJ+pwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<osqpoqJ+tutwqvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<posqpvJ+sqsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqrrv qq sMJ

J+qstotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoqsxÄĄorqopq

O^Kpxxrs r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsttxÄĄporuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxprtoÄĄ

ǜžppssrtv qu pMJ

osruoqÄĄouposoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptsovÄĄoppxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxrs(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oxqwowJ+xsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrstu pq (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pptuosJ+pttrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqorus q rMJ

oxqwowJ+xsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ǜžÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrpoo

QĂžToptruru q pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrrrxÄĄovpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuqvÄĄopovtp

Ç?Çłsrsuqu po qMJ

oxtxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropqsÄĄosruoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupurqu pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;povtuq qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^svtuq po rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ouoqotJ+pwsoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<posqoxJ+sqswtoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

osqppuJ+tutxqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL

O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+X

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouoqotJ+pwsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ S[\H <posqoxJ+sqswtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S prtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouoqotJ+pwsoSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq qsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osqppuJ+tutxqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouoqotJ+pwsoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osqppuJ+tutxqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ

Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pptttwJ+pttrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< oxqwqpJ+xsustSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouoqotJ+pwsoSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pptttw J+pttrqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

oxqwqpJ+xsustSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ 

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovoxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppspopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S94

M[\Ä?23


qqÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qsQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pq5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqsU\@O^.W[QqqOX[;qrSQ@[Luv \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@@[Q[H^T\OJ[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxqxpwJ+xsxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptvoq pq 

\Oj[L<osqqpsJ+tvpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[\Oj[L<oqsqtrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpupsJ+rusuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9povqqpu qs pMJ

pvpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<oxqspvJ+xrwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

O^Kpposw s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovsqÄĄoqswswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqxttÄĄouppoq

ǜžpptrurr qu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpostptÄĄpprotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosotppÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;povtqtq qs pMJ

ovsqquÄĄowqwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqpuÄĄpopvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\LO\ž

poqwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxtt(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ovospsJ+rswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lporxrv pr (

tqttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<oxqxpwJ+xsxvt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqprrtx q rMJ

ovospsJ+rswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<pqquswJ+

QĂžTopuqppt q pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrqspÄĄovprswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowosqpÄĄporuop

Ç?Çłsrswpv po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqquÄĄoxprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpxqxÄĄosotpp

U\Lupttwrt pt rMJ

otrurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowosqpÄĄowtsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^svtqtq po rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopvosÄĄpptptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqqtÄĄ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oqsrovJ+tqtutSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxqxppJ+xswtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqsrovJ+

tqtutSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqsrovJ+tqtutSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oqsrovJ+

tqtutSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqxppJ+xswtoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<ovosqxJ+rsxroSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxqxppJ+xswtoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqsrovJ+tqtutSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovosqxJ+

rsxroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoworsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoowsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovouopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?24


qrÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qtQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pr5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;>HxrP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqtU\@O^.W[QqrOX[;qsSQ@[Luv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsrvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovotquJ+rtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqtoox pr 

M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oppprrJ+sxxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rotvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ossvttJ+twpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqpsoo qt pMJ

ouqxqvJ+qqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsstvÄĄ

O^Kppotss s pMJ

opsvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrroxÄĄososqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžppuqxss qu pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqurqÄĄoropqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrpssÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;povsxsp qs pMJ

ovrutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospoosÄĄotrtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupopv(

59[JU]\Oj[L<ossvttJ+twpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppsttv ps (

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovotquJ+rtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otttrvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqqrptq q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<oxqtovJ+xsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<

QĂžTopvtto q qMJ

opovrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqwptÄĄpostotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpupxÄĄ

Ç?Çłsrtopx po qMJ

ouqqqrÄĄovpropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouppqtÄĄoutvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupttrsr pt rMJ

ovouspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosruqvÄĄouppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouppqtÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^svsxsp po rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<opppqvJ+sxxpvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovotpxJ+rtprtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; \QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<opppqvJ+sxxpvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^ S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opppqvJ+sxxpvtSI[+L[Hprtv

xpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opppqvJ+sxxpvtSI[+L[H 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opppqvJ+sxxpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

osswpoJ+twpptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovotpxJ+rtprtSI[+L[H1Çł:/ :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osswpoJ+twpptSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovotpxJ+

rtprtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opppqvJ+sxxpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osswpoJ+twpptSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoosswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovoqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxpxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?25


qsÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qvQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqvU\@O^.W[QqsOX[;qt SQ@[Luv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<osswsvJ+twpqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprvpv

otrosv\Oj[LoxssqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twpqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsssqJ+qtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppttqto qu pMJ

\Oj[L<ouropwJ+qquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<orstosJ+

O^Kppprxt s pMJ

O[bS[S[\HovsqtoÄĄoxprtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrosvÄĄ

ǜžppvqrrp qu qMJ

ovsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpttwÄĄorpworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;povsuro qs pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopupoÄĄpptppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptppvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louposo(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<oqsrtqJ+trtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

ps O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqtprw pt (

pptpquJ+stsxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osswsvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrqxsr q sMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oqsrtqJ+trtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H

QĂžTopvtoqr q qMJ

ttrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouqprpÄĄoxssqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsrtqrq po qMJ

ouqprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovqrÄĄoptwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvpxÄĄ

U\Luptswtq pt rMJ

osropxÄĄotqporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpworÄĄosorrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^svsuro po rMJ

opquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppwrrÄĄoqsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<pptppxJ+stswtvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouropoJ+qqutSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pptppxJ+

stswtvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pptppxJ+stswtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqsrstJ+trsstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqsrstJ+trsstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouropoJ+qqutSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pptppxJ+

stswtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqsrstJ+trsstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouporrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosstpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orouorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?26


qtÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qwQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqwU\@O^.W[QqtOX[;qu SQ@[Luv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ootuopJ+swrvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpxpw

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvtoJ+qosstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oppsqrJ+sxqrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotqxtpÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppxtvrp qv pMJ

oxprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppropqÄĄoqrpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kppqpwtt s pMJ

9^\T9S[\HopsuqxÄĄoqrpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoropruÄĄ

ǜžppwpvto qu qMJ

poqvsrÄĄpptqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louppoq(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]S[\H<posvroJ+srpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

pt O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opttrs pu (

\Oj[L<ootuopJ+swrvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]oqsqvrq q sMJ

ovpproÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporssvÄĄopovptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvruÄĄ

QĂžTopwrstq q qMJ

orrxsrÄĄotqpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtrÄĄorrxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsrtstv po qMJ

osrutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovotoxÄĄowsoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Luptssq pt rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;povsrqo qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^svsrqo po rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<posvqrJ+srprtoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ootuptJ+swrwpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswouJ+qostrvtS

I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ootuptJ+swrwpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<posvqrJ+srprtoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<

posvqrJ+srprtoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ootuptJ+swrwpvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswouJ+qostrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<posvqrJ+srprtoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ootuptJ+swrwpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?27


quÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qxQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqxU\@O^.W[QquOX[;qv SQ@[Luv\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbO9JS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpssO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<ppqxqsJ+stppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqtvrv

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqpootJ+pusqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LS[\H<ppqxqsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLowopsoÄĄporsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ortpps p qMJ

oupqrrÄĄoutvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprttÄĄppqxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppqtrpt s pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqptpvÄĄopoorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovosqrÄĄ

ǜžppxpqsr qu qMJ

ovrvrsÄĄoxoqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louppqt(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]S[\H<poorsrJ+spqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG

pu O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvsu pv (

stppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LS[\H<ppootxJ+srtovt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqtqtpx q sMJ

opovovÄĄoqswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxtoÄĄotqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTopxpxpw q qMJ

opsttxÄĄorpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovovÄĄoptwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsrtvrq po qMJ

owrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqupqÄĄoroprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Luptrxpr pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;povsox qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^svsox po rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<poorruJ+spqusoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poorruJ+ spqusoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

poorruJ+spqusoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<ppqxpvJ+stotqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

pqpoqoJ+pusrroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<poorruJ+spqusoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<ppqxpvJ+stotqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouoqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqoxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?28


qvÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;roQK^W^KLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHroU\@O^.W[QqvOX[;qw SQ@[Luv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrosvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ S[\H<poqvpvJ+sqqwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrrtp

>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<pottqqJ+prrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;S[\H<poqvpvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotqwopÄĄovpoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opvrpsq q qMJ

outwpqÄĄoxprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstqwÄĄotrpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpprqpto s qMJ

possqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqstxÄĄpqpttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpppowu qu rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrxptÄĄpopstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsqoqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louppsv(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]S[\H<oxssqwJ+sosptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG

pv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortwtr pw (

sqqwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½S[\H<oxovqrJ+rxwqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oquqrs q sMJ

oxsrooÄĄppqstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxtwÄĄotqptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžToqorsq q rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptvtwÄĄorrxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxprtvÄĄ

Ç?Çłssopx po qMJ

possqwÄĄppqxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptoqxÄĄopquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luptrsqu pt rMJ

osoutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;povrutx qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^svrutx po rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<oxssqoJ+sosostSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<poourxJ+pprwsvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<poourx

J+pprwsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S prsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxssqoJ+sosostSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqo qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxssqoJ+sosostSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poqvrqJ+sqqwstSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<oxssqoJ+ sosostSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<poqvrqJ+sqqwstSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pottpuJ+prrwtS

I[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxssqoJ+sosostSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<poqvrqJ+

sqqwstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ 

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqotssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxorqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opptpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?29


qw…OU[:xsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqx…OU[:>[Ńp\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pw5\ÑTuwvO[+T[bJUt…OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTqw…>Huox…QcHp9[bTL.W[QqwOX[;qx SQ@[Luv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxtpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ S[\H<oxtrrxJ+spupvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osoxrq

9SG\9Ǣö\Oj[L<pooutwJ+pprxrt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxtrrx

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„9gTO„R[;„U[PLQ[J[L<ovruowJ+rtqqro„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě

„@[T[9potvpx r qMJ

ovoxpv„Mj[-X[ġporrrvġopoutp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Kpprssqt s qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoropsvġosrvrs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrvrsġ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqpo(

\ƻH]j[LíÊ9`\ġ9[S[\H<oxtqttJ+spsqvt„Mj[I[+L[H„S[\XG]

pw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostxsw px (

J+spupvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxsvtqJ+potst„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]oqvqosw r pMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxsxġorptpwQbXŃbR[;\JLotqvowġ

QþToqoswq q rMJ

oxsqrqġporrrv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpsooġoxtxox„Mj[(

Ǐdzssrpu po qMJ

ouprqo„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptqosġoppust„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pppprtx qu rMJ

U\Luptqxrx pt rMJ S[ȉpovrrsw qs pMJ „9H^svrrsw po rMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxtqsvJ+spsvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHS[\H<oxtqsv J+spsvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/S[\H<

oxtrrqJ+spuSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS

„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxtqsvJ+spsvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚS[\H<oxtrrqJ+spuSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtrrqJ+spuSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pooutoJ+pprxptSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<oxtqsvJ+spsvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<oxtrrqJ+spuSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lottsto„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovsops„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxstow„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqopsx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqpvrt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losqxqw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lousqqu„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owtxrq„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppprqx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppppv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtopx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxqw„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď30


qx…OU[:xsQ[\S/bS/xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSro…OU[:>[Ńq\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]px5\ÑTuwvO[+T[bJUu…OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTqx…>Huox…QcHq9[bTL.W[QqxOX[;roSQ@[Luv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ S[\H<oxsxtqJ+sotxt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossuox

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxsvsqJ+potrso„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOS[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+rqrutt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotqupsġovowrs

„@[T[9ppsvps s qMJ

„Mj[-X[ġosrpqsġouprss„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsrsuġoxprsv

O^Kppsosv s qMJ

ppqwto„Mj[-X[ġortwttġotqwtu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ƕ¾pppqoqq qu rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrwovġpopsor„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopsorġ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqrr(

H`H]j[LíÊ„S[\XG]S[\H<porppvJ+sqsqrvt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

px O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louopox qo (

oxsxtqJ+sotxt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;-\H;ĚQ[J[L<ouqxoo

„OT]oqwpwqx r pMJ

„Mj[-X[ġovtxssġporrps„Mj[-X[ġopoussġoqsxos

QþToqprqpw q rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġorprtsġortwtt„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hposrsxġ

Ǐdzssuqs po qMJ

ovtxssġowtots„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovsrsuġowqwsv„Mj[(

U\Luptqsts pt rMJ

ppsxtx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxoqrqġpoqutu„Mj[(

S[ȉpovrorv qs pMJ „9H^svrorv po rMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

XSM;H[S[„íQ[S[\H<porpoxJ+sqsqpvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHS[\H<porpox

J+sqsqpvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/S[\H<oxsxssJ+sotwstSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/S[\H<porpoxJ+sqsqpvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxsxssJ+sotwstSI[+L[H

„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxsxssJ+sotwstSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[ „J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxsvrtJ+potrqqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxsxssJ+sotwstS I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<porpoxJ+sqsqpvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lottots„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovrupv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxsppq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptvtq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqprrx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losqtrq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lourwro„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owttrw„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppoxrr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovqp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsuqr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osptrp„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď31


roÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;r\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qo5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;>HuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHr9[bTL.W[QroOX[;pU[7j[Tuv \X@S]>Ĺ LR[Ă&#x160;[Ă&#x2DC;]MSÇśS[Q@jÄź]-Ă­jH`H]j[ Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[S0J0Ç&#x161;T\NHS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwopO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<popvotJ+sqxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqtop

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxtxquJ+ppqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<popvotJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsprvÄĄopourwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqvprp t qMJ

oqqwpxÄĄortwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupurvÄĄovovtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kppsposr s qMJ

oroptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqtqqÄĄovopqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrwoq

ǜžpppqtvpq qu rMJ

ÄĄotqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqtv(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[S[\H<pprxtqJ+struptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG

qo O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovoror qp (

sqxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<otsuqpJ+rotqqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqxpux r pMJ

owqwttÄĄposrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprrrÄĄopsrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžToqqpurq q rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoupsowÄĄoutxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqttpÄĄ

Ç?Çłssxsr po qMJ

ÄĄoupsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupsowÄĄovrwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosorsv

U\Luptqopo pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;povqvqv qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^svqvqv po rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otsuruJ+rotrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<pprxstJ+strttvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Q[J[L<otsuruJ+rotrtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pprxstJ+strttvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<popvpxJ+ sqxtqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtxpwJ+ppqstoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<popvpxJ+sqxtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pprxstJ+strttvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoursrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppotrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?32


pÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;s\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHs9[bTL.W[QpÂ&#x201E;@DqU[7j[Tuv \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/roÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsQ[\S uwvsqo I[+>[ J+stqxtt <qrsoSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<pppsrqJ+ssrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louovpu qq 

O\G@\Oj[L<posqovJ+prpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<pppsrqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLovovpoÄĄoxspppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptppÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qxsotw u pMJ

pqtwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrptqÄĄotqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Kppspsv s qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoprpuÄĄppsxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxrpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louprqo(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<oppvrxJ+sxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howosto qq (

ssrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HQ[J[L<otqvtpJ+rowqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]poprsw r qMJ

oqsxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupsrqÄĄovssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrrsÄĄ

QĂžToqrosq q rMJ

osrptqÄĄotqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpqruÄĄortvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłssprpr po qMJ

opqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppstsÄĄoqrwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppprtsqx qu sMJ U\Luptptqw pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;povqspu qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^svqspu po rMJ

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<otsspoJ+ osxpo U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oppvrpJ+sxsssoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oppvrpJ+

sxsssoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[ TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<pppssvJ+

ssrtsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppvrpJ+sxsssoSI[+L[H P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oppvrpJ+sxsssoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pppssvJ+ssrtsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<posqooJ+prprstS

I[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pppssvJ+ssrtsqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oppvrpJ+sxsssoSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LospvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppopspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?33


qÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;t\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHt9[bTL.W[QqÂ&#x201E;@DrU[7j[Tuv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqupsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oorwrwJ+swxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louovpu qq 

OO\Oj[L<pptrpuJ+pupsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oorwrwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLowsxqoÄĄporqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqqvpp v pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HortussÄĄosspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxpuÄĄ

O^Kppspots s qMJ

oroqovÄĄosrwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovooosÄĄowruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprss(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<orqpooJ+tsttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howosto qq (

swxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TQ[J[L<otroruJ+ropvqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppppqs r qMJ

oxprtvÄĄpqpqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqqwÄĄorpptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžToqrssto q sMJ

orsospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsqqwÄĄoqqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłssputr po qMJ

9[TS[\HpoquspÄĄpptortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpppstqpr qu sMJ U\Luptposw pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;povqpt qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^svqpt po rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oorwtqJ+swpovtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orqotrJ+tsttpoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oorwtqJ+swpovt SI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs

quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orqotrJ+tsttpoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bT

Â&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oorwtqJ+swpovtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orqotrJ+tsttpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orqotrJ+tsttpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oorwtqJ+swpovtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pptroxJ+puprstSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oorwtqJ+swpovtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orqotrJ+tsttpoS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqttrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osorsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?34


r„@DxsQ[\S„T/M[9M[xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSs„@D>[Ńu\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qr5\ÑTuwvO[+T[bJUpo…OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTr…OU[:uox…QcHu9[bTL.W[Qr„@DsU[7j[Tuv \X@S]>ŁLVƊ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ \Oj[L<oqqrrwJ+tqrsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loutrru qr 

„9gTO„O\LSMS<opqwrrJ+qopsqo„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

rpporo„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotqqsxġovtvpx„Mj[

„@[T[9rsqqro w pMJ

S[\Houptqpġovooop„Mj[-X[ġpqpqspġoqqusq„Mj[(

O^Kppspv s qMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howqxqpġoxtwsp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouqoġ

Ƕ¾pppttoqp qu sMJ

outxqrġowrttv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtrxġoroqpr„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsow(

WŌQ]LíÊM^V½[\Oj[L<otsrsxJ+otsrt„Mj[I[+L[H-bƂV[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxotop qr (

oqqrrwJ+tqrsvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;;ĚQ[J[L<ottpopJ+

„OT]pqwtx r qMJ

-X[ġoxsopxġpqpsto„Mj[-X[ġorsotpġosrqqp„Mj[O[bS[

QþToqsqwts q sMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLoqsxqoġorsotp„Mj[-X[ġosrqqpġotqrtp

Ǐdzssqoss po qMJ

optvto„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqpqspġpqtvqp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Luptupo pt rMJ

9[TS[\Hovrxouġoxoqtp„Mj[(

S[ȉpovpvtt qs pMJ „9H^svpvtt po rMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<otsrspJ+otsptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ

\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<otsrspJ+otspt

SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<oqqrtrJ+tqrsstSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqqrtrJ+tqrsstSI[+L[H

H[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(„O\LSMS<opqwqvJ+qopstSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oqqrtrJ+tqrsstSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ LíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

otsrspJ+otsptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotrtpo„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovqorr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxqtqw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsqox„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[optvts„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losoxsw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louqqsv„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owrxtr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpotrtp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqtprv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrorx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxsv„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď35


sÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;v\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHv9[bTL.W[QsÂ&#x201E;@DtU[7j[Tuv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];Ăž[/Q[S@SQ

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osqprvJ+tvrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovsrtw qs 

<owpwoxJ+vqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqpow

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Q[J[L<ouqsopJ+rqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpuqxsr w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouptsuÄĄoxtwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqqtÄĄopsprt

O^Kpprsstr s qMJ

ppqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswtqÄĄopqtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsrq(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<otsqrwJ+otprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoopsu qs (

J+qstvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osqprvJ+tvrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]prurq r qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovtussÄĄppqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptvtoÄĄotqspp

QĂžToqtpqtt q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrotÄĄpqpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrptÄĄ

Ç?Çłssqsst po qMJ

owrtquÄĄpopqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrvpxÄĄosootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpppuswts qv pMJ U\Luptprr pt rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;povpsss qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^svpsss po rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otsqroJ+otppvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owpwoqJ+vqqpoSI[+L[H\W+X S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[

@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owpwoqJ+vqqpoSI[+L[H \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpo

pqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otsqroJ+otppvtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpwoqJ+vqqpoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otsqroJ+otppvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

osqptpJ+tvrpsqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owpwoqJ+vqqpoSI[+L[HK[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osqptpJ+tvrpsqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osqptpJ+tvrpsqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otsqroJ+otppvtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osqptpJ+tvrpsqtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosottqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?36


tÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;w\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHw9[bTL.W[QtÂ&#x201E;@DuU[7j[Tuv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WO-9S[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osqoquJ+tvqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrvrp qt 

<owputwJ+vpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osqoquJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ouqrrsJ+qrvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqwrqu x sMJ

oupuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoospÄĄoxpspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqpoÄĄ

O^Kpprqqqw s qMJ

otqppoÄĄoupqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxrpÄĄppqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpppvsvtp qv pMJ

oxtwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqquÄĄosrxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupstv(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ouqrrsJ+qrvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotrrt qt (

tvqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otqqopJ+roqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]psss r rMJ

ovoqqvJ+rsprpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLorspppÄĄ

QĂžToqttutq q sMJ

oqqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsrxÄĄotqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłssqwtv po qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrxrpÄĄporpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpspoÄĄ

U\Lupstuuo pt rMJ

osrxpwÄĄoupuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsxttÄĄopprqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;povpprr qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^svpprr po rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owputpJ+vpxpqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<potsrpJ+prttqoSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[ WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owputpJ+vpxpqtS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owputpJ+vpxpqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potsrpJ+prttqoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owputpJ+vpxpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqrqvJ+qrvsoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potsrpJ+prttqoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

ouqrqvJ+qrvsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owputpJ+vpxpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouqrqvJ+qrvsoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<potsrpJ+prttqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosoptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?37


u„@DxsQ[\S/bS/xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSv„@D>[Ńw\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@] qu5\ÑTuwvO[+T[bJUpr…OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTu…OU[:uox…QcHw9[bTL.W[Qu„@DvU[7j[Tuv\X@S] Ø]S[K[9^ĚSQbX[¢WO-9S[

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqsxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<ouqqoqJ+qrsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrqsr qu 

potrqxJ+prtqst„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ǵL]9SGOO\Oj[L<ouqqoqJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<owpxoqJ+vqwrt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;O½[<[HQ[J[L<

„@[T[9sporrx po sMJ

oqsxru„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpuruġowqxto„Mj[-X[ġpqtupxġ

O^Kppqtsps s pMJ

oupqowġovortq„Mj[-X[ġoxrxovġporotq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pppwsvpo qv pMJ

owqxto„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrsquġpoppqw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louptqp(

LOQ]\Oj[L<owpxoqJ+vqwrt„Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LíÊQ<[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpprxsw qu (

qrsvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovqqppJ+rtsro„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO

„OT]ptprs r rMJ

ovrxswJ+rtswrqt„Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsqqġ

QþToqusosv r pMJ

oroxrs„Mj[-X[ġortrtxġotqqsx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzssrrpx po qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovttrvġowsvqq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovstqtġ

U\Lupstqqw pt rMJ

poppqwġppswqx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxoroxġpoququ„Mj[(

S[ȉpovwqr qs pMJ „9H^svwqr po rMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

„R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<potrqqJ+prtqqvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L1ǚS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L

„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH \Oj[L<potrqqJ+prtqqvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ouqqpvJ+qrsstSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<potrqqJ+prtqqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L< owpwtuJ+vqwqoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ

„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouqqpvJ+ qrsstSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpwtuJ+vqwqoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqqpvJ+qrsstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<potrqqJ+prtqqvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owpwtuJ+

vqwqoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotqrqr„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovowsu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxprso„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pproqp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[opsuow„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[ortwoo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louppoo„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owqwot„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hposqoq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqrxsx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpwtp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswoo„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď38


v„@DxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSw„@D>[Ńx\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@] qv5\ÑTuwvO[+T[bJUps…OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTv…OU[:uox…QcHx9[bTL.W[Qv„@DwU[7j[Tuv\X@S] Ø]W]H[LOQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqptxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<owpvtsJ+vqtst„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoqwor qv 

1ġSN[ǵL]9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<owpvtsJ+vqtst„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+rvrpvt„Mj[I[+L[HOÅ-Q`HbR[;\JLorsprqġoupvop„Mj[

„@[T[9sqqruqr pp rMJ

-X[ġoroxooġotqptx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLotpxruġouppqt

O^Kppqqoss s pMJ

ovorpt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Houpvopġovopqp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾pppxsutp qv pMJ

-X[ġosrxtoġoupvop„Mj[(9[TS[\Houpvopġovsoow„Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louptsu(

JUQ]LíÊM_O­N[ǵL]„O\LSMS<opqqtoJ+qowt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqosr qv (

S[\H<oxpppqJ+rxrwuo„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;XV­G„Wń[<owowtt

„OT]pttxq r rMJ

O[bS[S[\Hovopqpġovstsp„Mj[-X[ġppqvqoġopsoqo„Mj[

QþToqvqsrw r pMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoxrwssġpqpspr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouppqtġ

Ǐdzssrvtp po qMJ

opqtqxġoroqso„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpxruġoutusu„Mj[

U\Lupssvtx pt rMJ

-X[ġortwtqġotqptx„Mj[(

S[ȉpovtpq qs pMJ „9H^svtpq po rMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L 1ǚS;H[S[Wš[H„O\LSMS<opqqsqJ+qovstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H„Wń[<owowsvJ+rvqtvtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ „Wń[<

owowsvJ+rvqtvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<opqqsqJ+qovstSI[+L[Hqstvxpppr pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<opqqsqJ+qovstSI[+L[H

9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<opqqsqJ+qovstSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpvswJ+vqtroSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtxsoJ+ppsqtSI[+L[H

1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< owpvswJ+vqtroSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ„O\LSMS<opqqsqJ+qovstSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ„Wń[<owowsvJ+rvqtvtSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L <oxtxsoJ+ppsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovostp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxoxss„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppquqt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[ opsqpp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[ortsos„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louovos„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owqsox„Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\Hporwou„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqrtts„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpstu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orssot„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otptro„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď39


w„@DxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSx„@D>[Ńpo\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qw5\ÑTuwvO[+T[bJUpt…OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTw…OU[:uox…QcHpo9[bTL.W[Qw„@DxU[7j[T uv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqppoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxtwsoJ+pprxrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqqqt qw 

Xƚ[9SG;S\Oj[L<oxtwsoJ+pprxrt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

rvsptvt„Mj[I[+L[H\W\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLovoqrxġoxrwqq„Mj[

„@[T[9tsstpt pq rMJ

-X[ġposqtuġpqttsp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosrrrwġotqtrq

O^Kpppsqrv s pMJ

ortqsp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoposwġppswow„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupupp(

59[JU]LíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]„O\LSMS<orrttxJ+qtsqtqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtvpp qw (

pospoxJ+srqtsvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;OÅ„Wń[<owqrrvJ+

„OT]putuqx r sMJ

-X[ġpqpsotġoqsxsx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpvqvġovsttu„Mj[

QþToqwwqu r pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrrrwġotqtrq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horowquġ

Ǐdzsssqrr po qMJ

ppswowġopqtqw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoppqpvġoqrtps„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppqosutr qv qMJ U\Lupssrrr pt rMJ S[ȉpovqq qs pMJ „9H^svqq po rMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „;[dz;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<orrttqJ+qtsqrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<

orrttqJ+qtsqrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oxtwrrJ+pprxpvtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ  9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<orrttqJ+qtsqrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pppvqqJ+pstwptSI[+L[HǏdz9SG

O[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<orrttqJ+qtsqrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pppvqqJ+pstwptSI[+L[H \ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtwrrJ+pprxpvtSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

pppvqqJ+pstwptSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxtwrrJ+pprxpvtS I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<orrttqJ+qtsqrtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pppvqqJ+pstwptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJ LíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovoots„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxotsx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppqqro„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oprwpu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[ortoox„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louorow„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owqopr

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hporspo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqrptw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpotx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsoow„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otppru„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď40


xÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qx5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpp9[bTL.W[QxÂ&#x201E;@DpoU[7j[T uv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bQ[\XL]59[JU]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WOT\QH/ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqoqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pppustJ+pstusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqptqs qx 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pppustJ+pstusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppsttt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLowsuopÄĄporoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpvqtt pr rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HortqorÄĄosruprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxttÄĄ

O^Kppposq s pMJ

oroqttÄĄossoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLouttrrÄĄowrropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuru(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Q[J[L<otquouJ+roqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oproqp qx (

J+suxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxpuJ+rvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pvtrts r sMJ

oxpsrqÄĄpqpppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxrrÄĄorovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžToqwtqpp r pMJ

orspttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprxrrÄĄoqqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsssvqt po qMJ

9[TS[\HpoqupxÄĄppsxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqpsvpu qv qMJ U\Lupsrxpo pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;poutwtp qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sutwtp po rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<otquooJ+ropxtoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

otquooJ+ropxtoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[ 1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<pppurwJ+pstuqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LTX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otquooJ+ropxtoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[

TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L <pppurwJ+pstuqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pppurwJ+pstuqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pppurwJ+pstuqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otquooJ+ropxtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoututxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxoptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpupw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orruprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?41


poÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro5\Ă&#x2018;TuwvO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpq9[bTL.W[QpoÂ&#x201E;@DppU[7j[T uv\X@S]M^ÇłbV[ÄĄQÇł\ĂŤL]\M\MH9]Ç&#x161;z[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxruO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pqovowJ+pvsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opovps ro 

\>Ă&#x160;[Q[J[L<ouswppJ+rrsvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<ovtqptJ+ruqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqxrqw ps qMJ

ÄĄpqprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqouÄĄosrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpwpw

O^Kppopttu s pMJ

oqtoorÄĄorsqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrspoÄĄotqupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžppqqsvtw qv qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpotxÄĄpqttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutstvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pouttso qs pMJ

ovsotwÄĄoxorrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvop(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpvqo\Oj[LoxrvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqopqt ro (

pqovowJ+pvsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ooqppoJ+svspqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pwtppw r sMJ

I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotpvqoÄĄovtrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvso

QĂžToqxrttq r pMJ

ÄĄovoqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpotxÄĄoqqrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsstqqv po qMJ

owrorsÄĄoxtwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopotttÄĄoptvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupsrssx pt rMJ

owrqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtquÄĄororosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^suttso po rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pqovooJ+pvspoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ouswqsJ+rrsvsoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqovooJ+pvspoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L <ouswqsJ+rrsvsoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqovooJ+pvspoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< pqovooJ+pvspoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqovooJ+pvspoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ouswqsJ+rrsvsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oproqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqqq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqorovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otorsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?42


ppÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpr9[bTL.W[QppÂ&#x201E;@DpqU[7j[Tuv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwtoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<pqqutuJ+pvttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optwrs p 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqqutuJ+pvttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+rsqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLovtroqÄĄppqpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upqptp pt qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqposvÄĄoprwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpruÄĄpqprst

O^Kpxqxqo r sMJ

opqtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrqoxÄĄpooxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvqv(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Q[J[L<ovsosrJ+ruoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrpru p (

ooqtowJ+svtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LQ[J[L<ovoosv

Â&#x201E;OT]pxswsp r sMJ

-X[ÄĄoptwoqÄĄotquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupwssÄĄoxtwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpopxro r qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposqsuÄĄppqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvspÄĄ

Ç?Çłsstvrx po qMJ

oqrrswÄĄortupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqrsxo qv rMJ U\Lupsrorq pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;poutqro qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sutqro po rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ovsorvJ+rttxuoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovsorvJ+rttxuoSI[+L[Hqs

uwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqquswJ+pvttqvtS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L <ovsorvJ+rttxuoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ovsorvJ+rttxuoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqquswJ+pvttqvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pqquswJ+

pvttqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovsorv J+rttxuoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowqu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?43


pq„@DxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSpr„@D>[Ńps\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]q„QuwvO[+T[bJUpx…OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTpq…OU[:uox…QcHps9[bTL.W[Qpq„@DprU[7j[Tuv \X@S]Ø]LS\W+X>H^­JU]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<pqptqtJ+pvqwst„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oqtopw q 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pqptqtJ+pvqwst„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆS[\H<pptwro

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLorsqrpġoupxpo„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

„@[T[9uqtprp pu qMJ

ortoprġotpwos„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotptttġouowow„Mj[

O^Kpwsqo r sMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpstrġoxtwsw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLororqpġ

Ƕ¾ppqstoqp qv rMJ

ppswrvġoppotx„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvtq(

M_\G­Q[LíÊ\OU[:[„Wń[<owoqqoJ+rutuqt„Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oroqou q (

J+susuqvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;M\S<Q[J[L<otstpoJ+rpprvt

„OT]pposuq s pMJ

ovorouġoxpstr„Mj[-X[ġpqportġoqqqqq„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTpprt r qMJ

-X[ġoxrvooġppqpqu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrvooġpoqxpr

Ǐdzstrp po qMJ

ossppu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossppuġoupxpo„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lupsqupw pt rMJ S[ȉpousxpx qs pMJ „9H^susxpx po rMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otstosJ+rppqtqtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[„Wń[<owoqrtJ+rutusoSI[+L[HO`\Ž9 S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QÊ

@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[Q[J[L<otstosJ+rppqtqtSI[+L[HO`V

\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH

„Wń[<owoqrtJ+rutusoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ  L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L< pqptrxJ+pvqxqoSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L XO[„L/„Wń[<owoqrtJ+rutusoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V„Wń[<owoqrtJ+rutusoSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/ W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pqptrxJ+pvqxqoSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[; 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

pqptrxJ+pvqxqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

„Wń[<owoqrtJ+rutusoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Loustpo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowtoou„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppousu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opqqrq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orrsqt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotsvqs„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owosrp

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpopwqw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqpupt„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opttpu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqsqt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostttp„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď44


prÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpt9[bTL.W[QprÂ&#x201E;@DpsU[7j[Tuv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9^Q­@jÄź]Ă&#x2DC;]Q[KO]M_\G­Q[cOU[:]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O^Ä­M_\G­Q[ P;O[LO^Ä­S.\O­P[O\H\I Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SN^TbJ[T;bĹ&#x201E;Ç&#x2C6;S]M^@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<pprsqsJ+ptsvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorsrqx r 

9SGOO\Oj[L<pprsqsJ+ptsvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<pporot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprrsÄĄoqtoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vwqusv pv qMJ

orsxrwÄĄotpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouovrpÄĄoutxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpvtts r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsvpxÄĄowrpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrppxÄĄ

ǜžppqttptx qv rMJ

oxosorÄĄpoqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwpw(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[Q[J[L<ovttrqJ+rusosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrspq r (

J+ssqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOQ[J[L<osottpJ+qvurt

Â&#x201E;OT]pppsrqq s pMJ

oupxrvÄĄowrpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtsptÄĄorotswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTppsurv r qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxruspÄĄpoqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtqouÄĄowssqs

Ç?Çłstwrq po qMJ

pooxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooxqqÄĄppsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lupsqqv pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pousuw qs pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^susuw po rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovttqsJ+rusoqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<pprspwJ+ptsvsqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovttqsJ+rusoqvtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pprspwJ+ptsvsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovttqsJ+rusoqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[

TL[TX=9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poqtpoJ+pqturqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<poqtpoJ+

pqturqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pprspwJ+ptsvsqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[ :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqtpoJ+pqturqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprspwJ+ptsvsqtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovttqsJ+rusoqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<poqtpoJ+pqturqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppoqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orroqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotsrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HpopsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?45


psÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpu9[bTL.W[QpsÂ&#x201E;@DptU[7j[Tuv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpurvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<poqtsqJ+pqtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrxov s 

Q[J[L<ovqqtoJ+rtqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owtqqvJ+xuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Â&#x201E;O\LS

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqptuv pw qMJ

ouqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovortoÄĄovsvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquqvÄĄ

O^Kpvxrw r sMJ

otpsrrÄĄououttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruqrÄĄpqprqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqutrtt qv sMJ

ovortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtqxÄĄororspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;pousqtw qs pMJ

ouqoorÄĄovsqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsrrÄĄotpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwss(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<owtqqvJ+xuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osoxpw s (

poqtsqJ+pqtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<oxspsvJ+spwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppqsoso s pMJ

MS<oqotpxJ+qquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLorsqtvÄĄ

QĂžTpqrot r qMJ

oprvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorotpwÄĄotpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłstpspq po qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLououttÄĄoutxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqoorÄĄ

U\Lupspwo pt rMJ

otpsrrÄĄoutqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossptqÄĄouqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^susqtw po rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovqqsrJ+rtqoqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<oxsqopJ+spwsoSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<poqttuJ+pqtwqvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L 9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H<oxsqopJ+spwsoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovqqsrJ+

rtqoqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poqttuJ+pqtwqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqttuJ+ pqtwqvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtqqpJ+xuvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<poqttuJ+pqtwqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovqqsrJ+rtqoqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owtqqpJ+xuvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovturx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoporuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?46


ptÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpv9[bTL.W[QptÂ&#x201E;@DpuU[7j[Tuv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owtrpsJ+xwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotrvtx t 

ouqvquJ+rrrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<owtrpsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<outxtpJ+squroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<ppstqo

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wtsop px qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutwsvÄĄoxruouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqtÄĄoqtoss

O^Kpuqusu r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrtrvÄĄotqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrtrv

ǜžppqvtuw qv sMJ

poowtqÄĄppsvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvpqÄĄopqtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxpo(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<outxtpJ+squroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osswtv t (

xwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovtwtrJ+rutqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]pprrvtv s qMJ

J+pupwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<oxoxqvJ+xtoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž

QĂžTprprro r qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqoroÄĄovsvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqsoÄĄpqtrst

Ç?Çłstqoq po qMJ

ÄĄotqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorostoÄĄorswrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupsprtu pt rMJ

9[TS[\HoppoowÄĄoqrqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pourxsv qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^surxsv po qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ouqvqoJ+rrrrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtrovJ+xwqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouqvqo

J+rrrrtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtrovJ+xwqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouqvqoJ+rrrrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtrovJ+xwqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<owtrovJ+xwqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outxssJ+squpqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<

owtrovJ+xwqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouqvqoJ+rrrrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outxssJ+squpqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtqsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoousoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqosquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?47


pu„@DxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSpv„@D>[Ńpw\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]u„QuwvO[+T[bJUqr…OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTpu…OU[:uox…QcHpw9[bTL.W[Qpu„@Dpv U[7j[Tuv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ovoorwJ+sqwqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousops u 

<otpsotJ+roqt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġS[V[i[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<ovoorw

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<ostpqsJ+txutt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;ǶP\Oj[L<

„@[T[9wpxrusq qo qMJ

I[+L[HÓƬ-Q`HbR[;\JLowsrpxġpoqwqo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxptqt

O^Kptsvqt r rMJ

orsvtxġosrpru„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtotsġorsrqt„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppqwtwrv qv sMJ

ossqqx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutpsrġowropp„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxrv(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ostpqsJ+txutt„Mj[I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊM_O­[V[i[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrssp u (

J+sqwqvt„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ottvrxJ+rptp„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

„OT]ppsrtpr s qMJ

oxoxtsJ+xtprvt„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾\Oj[L<ouqpqsJ+qtptt„Mj[

QþTprtutp r rMJ

ġpqoxts„Mj[-X[ġoprvowġorosqq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

Ǐdzstquq po qMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoprvowġoqqost„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorosoqġ

U\Lupsxtu pt rMJ

poqupwġppswot„Mj[(

S[ȉpoururu qr sMJ „9H^sururu po qMJ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾/H/\Oj[L<osspqpJ+ twspsvt U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L O[JS;H[S[Wš[HQ[J[L<otpsqoJ+roqsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ostppvJ+txurvtSI[+L[HQ9S S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovoorp J+sqwpoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ostppvJ+

txurvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<otpsqoJ+roqsqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<otpsqoJ+roqsqtS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚQ[J[L<otpsqoJ+roqsqtS

I[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovoorpJ+sqwpoSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ostppv J+txurvtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovoorpJ+sqwpoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT

/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otpsqoJ+roqsqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostppvJ+txurvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louqxqv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowrsqp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpotpoq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opousw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orpwsq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotrpso„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovswsv

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpooqss„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqooro„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprxrq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orowsq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossoow„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď48


pvÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qo\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqo9[bTL.W[QpvÂ&#x201E;@DpwU[7j[Tuv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ostqpsJ+txwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovssto v 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvqtJ+ququtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oqrpsxJ+trpxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xrsrsu qp rMJ

ttrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotpqrwÄĄovtoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kptpqqv r rMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqpqsÄĄovostvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxstÄĄoqqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoopqq p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrqoqÄĄoxtxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopottsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pourrqu qr sMJ

outppsÄĄowqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtrvÄĄorosprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqoor(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<oqrpsxJ+trpxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louqvro w (

ostqpsJ+txwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrouJ+qupupo

Â&#x201E;OT]pptrqqw s qMJ

ǜž\Oj[L<ouqqprJ+qtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<orqsqsJ+

QĂžTpssopo r rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrtrsÄĄpqprpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrrxÄĄosrupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłstrqpo po qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtposÄĄorsrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrupsÄĄotqwsx

U\Lupsuo pt rMJ

optwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxstÄĄpqtrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^surrqu po qMJ

9[TS[\HovsrorÄĄoxosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twtwqo U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvpwJ+ququsoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqqouJ+qtrsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orsvpwJ+ququsoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvpwJ+ququsoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orsvpwJ+ququsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqrpsrJ+trpxpqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouqqouJ+qtrsoSI[+L[H 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvpwJ+ququsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< oqrpsrJ+trpxpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsstp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orossuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osruppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?49


pw„@DxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSpx„@D>[Ńqp\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]w„QuwvO[+T[bJUqt…OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTpw…OU[:uox…QcHqp9[bTL.W[Qpw„@DpxU[7j[Tuv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprtsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ \Oj[L<oootsvJ+svptto„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howsxqt w 

oqppswJ+qqqxqt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SG;S„O\LSMS<oppxtuJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„R[;/Ń\Oj[L<ooqqqpJ+svtvpt„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

„@[T[9xpvtwpu qq rMJ

ouqptpġoxtxpq„Mj[-X[ġpqoxrvġoprurr„Mj[(

O^Kpssqrs r rMJ

ppquow„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsutvġopqtso„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqoro(

WŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊØOG[„O\LSMS<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqvpu x (

qopxst„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oootsvJ+svptto„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ

„OT]ppuqxsp s qMJ

ovtoooġppqorv„Mj[-X[ġoptwrtġotqxpq„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QþTptqrqt r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqorvġpqprpu„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposqsoġ

Ǐdzstrwqw po qMJ

owqxqxġpoowpr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqrotrġortqqr„Mj[(

Ƕ¾opsqq p pMJ

U\Lupsqw pt rMJ

S[ȉpouropt qr sMJ „9H^suropt po qMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<oqppsoJ+qqqxtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<potpowJ+psxpqtSI[+L[H9^Ŧ

S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<oppxtoJ+

qopxroSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potpowJ+psxpqt

SI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv pxqpqrqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<oqppsoJ+qqqxtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH

XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<oqppsoJ+qqqxtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oootspJ+svptrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oootspJ+svptrtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT

/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(„O\LSMS<oppxtoJ+qopxro

SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„O\LSMS<oqppsoJ+qqqxtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oootspJ+svptrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louqprt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowquqx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lposrpo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtwtu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orposx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotqrsw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsott„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxtstp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpptqrx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprpso„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oroosx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqpu„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď50


px„@DxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqo„@D>[Ńqq\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]x„QuwvO[+T[bJUqu…OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTpx…OU[:uox…QcHqq9[bTL.W[Qpx„@DqoU[7j[Tuv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ S[\H<oxrvruJ+sptqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtoto x 

\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<potqowJ+psppsqt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxrvruJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„9gTO„R[;…OK`\HS[\H<oxpwtsJ+sopwrvt„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ

„@[T[9poqputr qr rMJ

oxptts„Mj[-X[ġpqoxqxġoqpxso„Mj[-X[ġorsuqwġ

O^Kpspwqq r rMJ

oxrtosġppqorp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrtosġpoqvsw„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqvrw p pMJ

ossrqv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossrqvġouqqpx„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqotv(

-ƆQ]LíÊK\LƊ[\Oj[L<pqrptpJ+pwqp„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrqou po (

sptqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owqrswJ+wqpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]ppvqutr s rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorssowġouqqpx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovotsqġ

QþTpuuru r rMJ

otprpt„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotppqvġouospp„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzstsstt po qMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoxpttsġoxtxpw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorosruġ

U\Luprtwqo pt rMJ

ppsvsvġopoxox„Mj[(

S[ȉpouqvs qr sMJ „9H^suqvs po qMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<pqrqouJ+pwqprvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<potqooJ+pspqsvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\U ǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S „QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potqqpJ+

pspqptSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<pqrqouJ+pwqprvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LíÊH\Oj[L<potqooJ+pspqsvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<pqrqouJ+pwqprvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS

„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxrvtpJ+sptuoSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<potqooJ+pspqsvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxrvtpJ+sptuoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<potqqpJ+pspqptSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxrvtpJ+sptuoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potqooJ+pspqsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Loupvrx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowqqrs„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lporxpt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqttoo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orouts„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotpxtq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovrvoo„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxtott„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppswsr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvss„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtuts„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwqp„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď51


qo„@DxsQ[\S/bS/xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqp„@D>[Ńqr\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]po„QuwvO[+T[bJUqv…OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTqo…OU[:uox…QcHqr9[bTL.W[Qqo„@DqpU[7j[T uv\X@S]\ÊbT[>L[ƆQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqrwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ Q[J[L<ovpqqoJ+rtrrvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hposurr po 

\Oj[L<oxpwsoJ+poqosvt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSP[ÍMJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<ouopsuJ+qwrqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;

„@[T[9popurut qs rMJ

pqprprġoqtpru„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqqsuġowrqss„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kpsopt r rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLouorspġoutuqw„Mj[-X[ġoxrstpġpoqvrw

Ƕ¾orppv p pMJ

owrqss„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwtqġpoovtp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpqs(

LOQ]LíÊUH\PV[\Oj[L<potrooJ+psptpvt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrwtw pp (

<owqtoqJ+wtqqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<ovpqqoJ+rtrrvt

„OT]ppwqss s rMJ

\Oƃ^ŦQ[J[L<oupvptJ+rqsttt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ]\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTpusxst r sMJ

pqtqspġoroqso„Mj[-X[ġorsttxġotpqrw„Mj[(

Ǐdzsttpro po qMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsxpuġowsqor„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovsxqtġ

U\Luprtsru pt rMJ

poovtpġppsuto„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxotpsġpoquqw„Mj[(

S[ȉpouqrts qr sMJ „9H^suqrts po qMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<potqtrJ+psptSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzS

JU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ouoprwJ+qwpqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L -bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxpwrsJ+

poqorqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L 

„R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqstuJ+wtvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouoprwJ+qwpqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[ „W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<potqtrJ+psptSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpw qoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxpwrsJ+poqorqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<potqtrJ+psptSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[

„L/\Oj[L<oxpwrsJ+poqorqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ „J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<potqtrJ+psptSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovpqrrJ+rtspoSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqstuJ+wtvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potqtrJ+psptSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpqrrJ+rtspoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

oxpwrsJ+poqorqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Q[\S94

M[\ď52


TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LportpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?53


qpÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qs\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqs9[bTL.W[QqpÂ&#x201E;@DqqU[7j[Tuv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqoqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ostsptJ+qxpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprtss pp 

\Oj[L<ovttqpJ+utrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<orsxotJ+turwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppotqqr qt sMJ

orssrxÄĄouqrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovouqxÄĄovsxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kprswrp r rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpoqpÄĄouorpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsrwÄĄpqprpr

ǜžospstp p qMJ

ovouqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqttsÄĄorotooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;pouqosr qr sMJ

ouqrpsÄĄovssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortotuÄĄotpqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqptp(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oxpxrtJ+poqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpostow pq (

ouoqrxJ+qpostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ostsptJ+qxpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppxqpps s rMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqpssJ+qtqwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTpvrqto r sMJ

ppquooÄĄoprtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroqpvÄĄotpqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsttwps po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouorpqÄĄoutuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqrpsÄĄ

U\Luprtotu pt rMJ

otpoqpÄĄousxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosssovÄĄouqrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^suqosr po qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxpxqvJ+poqqstSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovttrtJ+utsqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouoqrqJ+qpoqvtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxpxqvJ+poqqstSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovttrtJ+ utsqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< oxpxqvJ+poqqstSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxpxqvJ+

poqqstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ostsowJ+qxpxqvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouoqrqJ+qpoqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxpxqvJ+poqqstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ostsowJ+qxpxqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovttrtJ+utsqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouoxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?54


qq„@DxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqr„@D>[Ńqt\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]pq„QuwvO[+T[bJUqx…OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTqq…OU[:uox…QcHqt9[bTL.W[Qqq„@DqrU[7j[T uv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ „O\LSMS<oqswouJ+qstsqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqpxop pq 

„SOH]\Oj[L<ousvroJ+stqvt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<optoroJ+tpsqtvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;

„@[T[9ppptqpx qu sMJ

outtsoġoxrsqv„Mj[-X[ġpqprprġoqtptx„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kprsrqp r rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLosrvtoġotrosu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrvtoġ

Ƕ¾otpwsx p qMJ

poovrpġppsust„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsustġopqttx„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqpx(

I[+L[H59[JU]LíÊ1ġSP[ÍMJ\Oj[L<ovtuptJ+utut„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppsxov pr (

ortoopJ+tusoro„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„O\LSMS<oqswouJ+qstsqt

„OT]pqopwqr s sMJ

.j^Ɛ[L\Oj[L<pqrttxJ+pwrtqt„Mj[I[+L[H„WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTpwpttq r sMJ

ouqrspġovtoor„Mj[-X[ġposqswġpqtqqp„Mj[(

Ǐdzsutv po qMJ

otrosu„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horoptsġorstot„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Luprsvqp pt rMJ

9[TS[\Hopowrrġoqqxrp„Mj[(

S[ȉpoupvrq qr sMJ „9H^supvrq po qMJ

O^KO\¾5S[\JH/\Oj[L<pptstuJ+ putqsvt U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<ovtuowJ+uttsvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<ousvqqJ+stvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑ OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<

pooqqxJ+pqpqttSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶL O[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^ S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtuowJ+uttsvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[  \Oj[L<pooqqxJ+pqpqttSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QV

S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ovtuowJ+uttsvtSI[+L[Hpqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ousvqqJ+stvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqt

qvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ovtuowJ+uttsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ousvqqJ+ stvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<

oqsvtwJ+qstqqtSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovtuowJ+uttsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ„O\LSMS<oqsvtwJ+

qstqqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ousvqqJ+stvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louottp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowposu„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqvqv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsrpq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqttou„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotowot„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovqtpq„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxrxow„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpprutu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppttw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstot„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospurq„Mj[( Q[\S94

M[\ď55


qr„@DxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqs„@D>[Ńqu\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pr„QuwvO[+T[bJUro…OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTqr…OU[:uox…QcHqu9[bTL.W[Qqr„@Dqs U[7j[Tuv\X@S]Ø]-MS[@T¾]h[59[JU] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpotrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ \Oj[L<pqtwowJ+pxrqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqtvtp pr 

\Oj[L<ottwstJ+qssvt„Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;„WgP[;½\Oj[L<pooqtoJ+pqprsvt„Mj[

„@[T[9ppqxqto qv sMJ

\JLowsppuġpoqvpt„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpurvġpqoxot„Mj[

O^Kprsssw r rMJ

osqvsv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtqpqġorstpp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ƕ¾ouqqtx p qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLouswsoġowqwop„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpoquspġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqsu(

I[+L[Hǚz[JU]LíÊ„SOH]\Oj[L<ouswotJ+sutt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqtost ps (

pqtwowJ+pxrqqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<oopopuJ+svrrrt

„OT]pqpptrp s sMJ

I[+L[H„U[PL\Oj[L<ovsuopJ+urqtvt„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;

QþTpwtwto r sMJ

-X[ġoprtpxġoroprr„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Horsssoġ

Ǐdzsupqx po qMJ

oprtpxġoqpwqu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorotquġossssw„Mj[(

U\Luprsrto pt rMJ

ppsvrp„Mj[(

S[ȉpoupsqq qr sMJ „9H^supsqq po qMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<ousvtuJ+surqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<ottwrvJ+qsqvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\U

í\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9 „W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousvtuJ+surqt

SI[+L[H„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ousvtuJ+surqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LíÊH\Oj[L<ottwrvJ+qsqvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ousvtuJ+

surqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ottwrvJ+qsqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<pqtwoqJ+pxrpsvtS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqtwoqJ+pxrpsvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[

„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousvtuJ+surqtS I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqtwoqJ+pxrpsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[; „J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottwrvJ+qsqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louoptt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowouto„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqrrp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrxpv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqtppo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotosox„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovqppu„Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\Hoxrtpr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpprroo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppqoq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsppo„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqrv„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď56


qsÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:xsP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqv9[bTL.W[QqsÂ&#x201E;@DqtU[7j[T uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ppqwssJ+ptsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprrtt

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<ottxqpJ+qupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]\Oj[L<otrrsvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<potqssJ+sspxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opqtpqo p sMJ

psqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotowtoÄĄovsvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kprtqsx r rMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqsrvÄĄovovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxooÄĄoqpwox

ǜžovqvqr p rMJ

otrprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrrsuÄĄoxtxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;poupppp qr sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLouswpwÄĄowqvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqupqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrps(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotowto\Oj[LoxrsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

ps O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optost pt (

prrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ppqwssJ+ptsxst

Â&#x201E;OT]pqqpqrv s sMJ

\Oj[L<ovsuptJ+urrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<otsxptJ+

QĂžTpxspst r sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrsotÄĄpqprptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstqvÄĄosrwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsupxpx po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtqqsÄĄorstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrwrpÄĄ

U\Luprsoqs pt rMJ

opoupwÄĄoptxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxooÄĄpqtqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^supppp po qMJ

orotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovstqoÄĄoxouorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ottxprJ+qttvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otrrrxJ+prpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottxprJ+qttvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<otrrrxJ+prpqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottxprJ+qttvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ppqwrvJ+ptsxqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otrrrxJ+prpqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppqwrvJ+ptsxqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqrsxJ+prwrvtSI[+L[H

W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottxprJ+

qttvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ppqwrvJ+ptsxqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< otrrrxJ+prpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<poqrsxJ+prwrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowoqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotooprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opowouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?57


qtÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqw9[bTL.W[QqtÂ&#x201E;@Dqu U[7j[Tuv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxsxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<poqrtoJ+prwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqowtq

otrtqxJ+pwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<poqrtoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<otsxroJ+psqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oquqtsu q sMJ

ppqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptxroÄĄotrptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqtotÄĄ

O^Kpsvpw r rMJ

ppqopoÄĄpqprpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposqtwÄĄppqttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžowrptx p rMJ

poovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqwrwÄĄorsxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrsp(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<otrsoqJ+pspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<

pt O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtoov pu (

prwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<pooptqJ+sqprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L

Â&#x201E;OT]pqrxsr s sMJ

ospsovJ+tvstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvsqÄĄ

QĂžTppoqsrv s pMJ

poooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowtuÄĄoprstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsuqurv po qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsusrÄĄopqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqvrqÄĄ

U\Luprrvr pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pouwo qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^suwo po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otrrtsJ+prtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<poopstJ+sqprqvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<otrtsqJ+pxqvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ S[\H<poopstJ+sqprqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrrtsJ+prtoS

I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrtsqJ+pxqvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt pvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otrrtsJ+prtoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otrrtsJ+prtoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

poqsosJ+prxptSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxsutxJ+pprvso SI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otrrtsJ+prtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<poqsosJ+prxptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otrtsqJ+pxqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L< oxsutxJ+pprvsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovprqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oposoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?58


quÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qx\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqx9[bTL.W[QquÂ&#x201E;@DqvU[7j[Tuv \X@S]W[\OĂ&#x160;]>H^­JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxsvopJ+pprvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsspq

ouousqJ+qqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<oxsvopJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<ospsqsJ+tvsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pxssts r sMJ

ouqtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovowqwÄĄoxpvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowtrÄĄ

O^Kpsqws r rMJ

otovttÄĄouopotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrsvÄĄppqoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoxrusv p rMJ

poooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorouowÄĄossttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsox(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<otrtqrJ+pwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<

pu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorsxsv pv (

pprvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JS[\H<oxrxsxJ+sppxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;

Â&#x201E;OT]pqsusw t pMJ

ororouJ+tssxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLorsuopÄĄ

QĂžTpppvqt s pMJ

oqpvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrqxÄĄotoxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsurss po qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrsvÄĄpoqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpvprÄĄ

U\Luprrrsu pt rMJ

ossttoÄĄouqtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvquÄĄopovtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;poussx qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sussx po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otrtrvJ+pxptSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ououtuJ+qqwrvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrtrvJ+pxptS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrtrvJ+pxptSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ououtuJ+qqwrvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ououtuJ+qqwrvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxsoqtJ+ppqqqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otrtrvJ+pxptS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxsuttJ+pprvroS

I[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxsoqtJ+ppqqqoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otrtrvJ+pxptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

oxsuttJ+pprvroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ououtuJ+qqwrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b; Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsoqtJ+

ppqqqoSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovttorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opooprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?59


qv„@DxsQ[\S/bS/xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqw„@D>[Ńro\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pv„QuwvO[+T[bJUr„@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTqv…OU[:uox…QcHro9[bTL.W[Qqv„@DqwU[7j[Tuv \X@S].\@„Qg\L Q^SO^S\Jj[\XL[\L NT[X[S]9[\T9[M^@[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowtoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxsoovJ+ppqprt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqpqp

\Oj[L<ovowrsJ+trsqt„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[9SGL[;\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;U_T\Oj[L<oqpurtJ+tqtrst„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě

„@[T[9pqqswpu s sMJ

owrsrs„Mj[-X[ġpqtpsqġoroopu„Mj[-X[ġorsrovġ

O^Kpststu r rMJ

oxrrsoġpoquts„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvppġowsoqu„Mj[(

Ƕ¾opospsv p sMJ

pooutu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooutuġppsust„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsrv(

Ñ\HMJLíÊ„S[\XG]\Oj[L<ouourwJ+qqvtqt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

pv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostops pw (

oxsoovJ+ppqprt„Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢöS[\H<oxswqsJ+spsqpvt

„OT]pqtrtq t pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprqqġoqtros„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houquooġ

QþTppptopo s pMJ

otowto„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLouoosrġoutrtv„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzsusprx po rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hovtpsrġowrsrs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvovġ

U\Luprrors pt rMJ

oxousrġpoqvos„Mj[(

S[ȉpouprx qr sMJ „9H^suprx po qMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<ouourpJ+qqvrtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<oxswpvJ+spspuoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­ „JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

ovowqvJ+trqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶL O[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń O`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouourpJ+qqvrtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9

S[\USH[ S[\H<oxswpvJ+spspuoSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[ S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ouourpJ+qqvrtSI[+L[Hqsuvx

ppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ovowqvJ+trqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ouourpJ+qqvrtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< oxrxtxJ+ppqpptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

ovowqvJ+trqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<poosqxJ+pqqrroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[

XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<poosqxJ+pqqrroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxrxtxJ+ppqpptSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poosqxJ+

pqqrroSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouourpJ+qqvrtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrxtxJ+ppqpptSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[; L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovowqvJ+trqtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\ĭbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<poosqxJ+pqqrroSI[+L[H\JLJó[ „J[VM[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Q[\S94

M[\ď60


TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosswquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovotrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxpxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qwÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] pwÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHp/=[.W[QqwÂ&#x201E;@DqxU[7j[Tuv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<poospqJ+pqqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osopru

\Oj[L<owrxtwJ+wtrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<optsrtJ+tptxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qtrupr t sMJ

ovtqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquopÄĄoprsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxtxÄĄ

O^Kptqvrw r rMJ

oxrrrrÄĄpqprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouooqqÄĄoutrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoppsutw p sMJ

orourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotovotÄĄousvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pottwqw qr sMJ

-X[ÄĄorswovÄĄotowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtot(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<ovowpoJ+tqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

pw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottppv px (

poospqJ+pqqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<poqvtwJ+srqqpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pquott t pMJ

O`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLorsurtÄĄouquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoxpuÄĄ

QĂžTppqrqtq s pMJ

otowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotovotÄĄouooqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsusxqp po rMJ

9^\T9S[\HouquqwÄĄovoxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqusqÄĄ

U\Luprqvqv pt rMJ

ossurrÄĄouquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouquqwÄĄovsusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^sttwqw po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovowoqJ+tqqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owsoppJ+wtrsqtSI[+L[H\QI^L

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovowoqJ+tqqqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsoppJ+wtrsqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poososJ+pqqqqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owsoppJ+

wtrsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<potxoxJ+psspvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< poososJ+pqqqqvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<potxoxJ+psspvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

ovowoqJ+tqqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

poososJ+pqqqqvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owsoppJ+

wtrsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<potxoxJ+ psspvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoortqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovopruÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppprpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?61


qxÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHq/=[.W[QqxÂ&#x201E;@Dp\ĆľT9Juv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<potwpoJ+psrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossttr

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<potwpoJ+psrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tptxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLoutrqsÄĄoxrrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpwxtv u sMJ

-X[ÄĄposrpxÄĄpqtprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossopsÄĄotrrrt

O^Kputtt r rMJ

orsqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoousvÄĄppsusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtrq(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<owrxprJ+wtppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

px O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loutptp qo (

ppruqoJ+supstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<optspqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqutvtw t qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqprqxÄĄoqtrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqutuÄĄovtqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpprptro s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossopsÄĄotrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtxsrÄĄ

Ç?Çłsutvpq po rMJ

ppsusxÄĄopqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovrrÄĄoqqvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopqtqqp p sMJ

U\Luprqsqt pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;potttpv qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^stttpv po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owrxqvJ+wtptqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<porvtsJ+prswttSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<porvtsJ+prswttS I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt

quLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrxqvJ+wtptqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porvts J+prswttSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<owrxqvJ+wtptqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

potwqtJ+psrxpvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<porvtsJ+prswttSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrxqvJ+wtptqtSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<potwqtJ+psrxpvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<porvtsJ+prswttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<potwqtJ+psrxpvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrxqvJ+wtptqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<potwqtJ+psrxpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porvtsJ+prswttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoutvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppoxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqswquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?62


roÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;rO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHr/=[.W[QroÂ&#x201E;@Dq\ĆľT9Juv\X@S] SĹŚ[H`H]j[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<pqpxrpJ+pwqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otrsrr

;S\Oj[L<pqpxrpJ+pwqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<opowtoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxtvÄĄpoqustÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rorpqq v sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsqowÄĄosqssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtrsuÄĄ

O^Kpusxqx r sMJ

orovovÄĄossvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousuqwÄĄowquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louquoo(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<porutuJ+prsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG

qo O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtoov qp (

tovvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<oqpqtuJ+tqsvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqvtstx t qMJ

oxpwotÄĄpqowsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprsovÄĄoqtxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTpprtwt s qMJ

orsvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprsovÄĄoqpuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsvtpp po rMJ

9[TS[\HpoqvquÄĄppsvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoprtvts q pMJ

U\Luprqpqx pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pottqv qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sttqv po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<porvpoJ+prsvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porvpoJ+prsvtSI[+L[Hp rtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porvpoJ+prsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqpxqrJ+pwqrvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<porvpoJ+prsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqpxqrJ+pwqrvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<porvpoJ+prsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqpxqrJ+ pwqrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoutrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppotqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqssqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqprrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?63


rpÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;sO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:uoxÂ&#x2026;QcHs/=[.W[QrpÂ&#x201E;@Dr\ĆľT9Juv\X@S] 1Q[>H^I­]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqopsvJ+qqpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqvou qq 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqopsvJ+qqpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tsvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotottxÄĄovsuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpqsrq w rMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqvtpÄĄovpoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowsuÄĄoqpurv

O^Kpvrwr r sMJ

otrsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrtsqÄĄpooottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžoptrrw q pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLousuprÄĄowquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqvoxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louquqw(

I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<pqtttrJ+pxrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howsspr qq (

oqtxqrJ+tsssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<oqssruJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqwtpuo t qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrpuÄĄpqprrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvqwÄĄossotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTppssorv s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtsopÄĄorsvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossotuÄĄ

Ç?Çłsvprpv po rMJ

opovouÄĄoqoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowsuÄĄpqtpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprpwrv pt qMJ

orovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsvstÄĄoxovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;potswtu qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^stswtu po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqttsuJ+pxrsqvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqttsuJ+

pxrsqvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoqooJ+qqqoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqttsuJ+pxrsqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoqooJ+qqqoqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotroqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqovtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LousxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxorstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppoprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?64


rqÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;tO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHt/=[.W[QrqÂ&#x201E;@Ds\ĆľT9Juv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotousqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwouJ+qvppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqvou qq 

Q<[9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwouJ+qvppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

orqrrqJ+ttstqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLovsuppÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqssvtx x rMJ

poopouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowsvÄĄoprrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Kpwrpqp r sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsutxÄĄopqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqupxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqutu(

I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwrrJ+qttvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howsspr qq (

\Oj[L<ostwttJ+txsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]pqxsxo t qMJ

ppqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqoostÄĄotrsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqwpwÄĄ

QĂžTpptqrt s qMJ

ppqoprÄĄpqprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrsoÄĄppquprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsvqprp po rMJ

poourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqvouÄĄorsutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopuxrq q pMJ

U\Luprpttp pt qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;potstst qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ststst po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwqvJ+qttvSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S

9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwqvJ+qttvSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­C O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS

<orqwqvJ+qttvSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwqvJ+qttvSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvtwJ+qvposvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvtwJ+qvposvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwqvJ+qttvSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvtwJ+qvposvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxswoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqortsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lousttq Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?65


p.V[ixsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[Qp.X[St\ĆľT9Juv\X@S]

W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rqÂ&#x201E;@DxsQ[\S uwvtqq /LW[/LW[ J+pprost <xsrSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ottwqqJ+rqpqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovqqox qr 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ostvrqJ+txsoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<osoqtoJ+tvqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9susxrv po rMJ

oxpwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowswÄĄoqpupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsppxÄĄ

O^Kpxqxt r sMJ

oxrroxÄĄppqopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrroxÄĄpoqusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopvptru q qMJ

osswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosswqoÄĄouqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvqr(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Q[J[L<ouotprJ+rqqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxrqtx qr (

ottwqqJ+rqpqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<outvsvJ+sspsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qostuo t rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorswosÄĄouqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpppuÄĄ

QĂžTpputro s qMJ

otouqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototqpÄĄottwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsvqxtq po rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxpwsuÄĄpooppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorovtsÄĄ

U\Luprprpo pt qMJ

ppsvrqÄĄopovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;potsqrt qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^stsqrt po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ouotqwJ+rqropvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Q[J[L<ouotqwJ+rqropvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottwrvJ+rqprpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouotqwJ+rqropvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ottwrvJ+rqprpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L< ottwrvJ+rqprpoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Q[J[L<ottwrvJ+rqprpoSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouotqwJ+rqropvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LousptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?66


q.V[ixsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;vO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qsÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHv/=[.W[Qq.X[Su\ĆľT9Juv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovtrsoJ+rvproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowpvtv qs 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<outusvJ+srxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

xptqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<osopsxJ+tvqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spwtpqt pp qMJ

\JLpqprtuÄĄoqtssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqxpqÄĄowrursÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpporouo s pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottwsoÄĄoutqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrovÄĄpoqusr

ǜžopwqpsx q qMJ

owrursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquouÄĄpoourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvtp(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrvprJ+rwtoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpopupo qs (

Q[J[L<ovtrsoJ+rvproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owsutvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpsqtw t rMJ

I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<osrstuJ+twstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTppusvtq s rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqtppuÄĄoqtwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspotÄĄotottxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsvrwqp po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsttrÄĄowrxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtsouÄĄ

U\Luprport pt qMJ

poourvÄĄppsvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxowqsÄĄpoqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;potrxqs qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^strxqs po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrvotJ+rwtoqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<osrssxJ+twstqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

osrssxJ+twstqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrvotJ+rwtoqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovtrrqJ+rvppoSI[+L[H<S

W[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrvotJ+ rwtoqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

ovtrrqJ+rvppoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrvotJ+rwtoqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/

Q[J[L<ovtrrqJ+rvppoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outusoJ+srxSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovtrrqJ+rvppoS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrvotJ+rwtoqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqovtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?67


r.V[ixsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;wO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qtÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHw/=[.W[Qr.X[Sv\ĆľT9Juv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ S[\H<oxrspqJ+spprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxproq qt 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owstrtJ+xpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxrspq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<ostrssJ+txrqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9totutv pq qMJ

ovtsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquqvÄĄoprrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwqvÄĄ

O^Kppprusx s pMJ

oxrrotÄĄpqpsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwqvÄĄoutqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopxqwpr q qMJ

orowquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotosswÄĄoustqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxor

S[Č&#x2030;potrupr qr sMJ

ÄĄototrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwpw(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]S[\H<potsqwJ+ssrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotsqr qt (

J+spprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<osrrtuJ+twsqto

Â&#x201E;OT]qqrxtv t rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorswspÄĄouqxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpqorÄĄ

QĂžTppvropo s rMJ

ototrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosswÄĄottwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsvsutv po rMJ

9^\T9S[\HouqxrxÄĄovpqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvtoÄĄ

U\Luprwt pt qMJ

ÄĄouqxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqxrxÄĄovsxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsuox

Â&#x201E;9H^strupr po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<potssqJ+ssrsstSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<potssqJ+ ssrsstSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H< potssqJ+ssrsstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<potssqJ+

ssrsstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H <oxrsqtJ+sppsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsttoJ+xpqrtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxrsqt

J+sppsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<potssqJ+ssrsstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovpxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqortxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoursotÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpostswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?68


s.V[ixsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;xO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]quÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHx/=[.W[Qs.X[Sw\ĆľT9Juv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototqpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<potqsvJ+ssrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoouru qu 

O[TO\Oj[L<popuquJ+pqtxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<potqsv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

txrpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<ostspsJ+txrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tprxrr pr pMJ

oqttpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouroouÄĄovtsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposspqÄĄ

O^Kppqsupx s pMJ

ossqspÄĄotruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwpwÄĄorsorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqorsst q rMJ

opqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovowÄĄoqqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwst(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<ootorpJ+sxqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqwsp qu (

J+ssrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ostrowJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qrruts t sMJ

M\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLoutptvÄĄoxrrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpspoÄĄ

QĂžTppwpqqt s rMJ

pqtpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossqspÄĄotruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsvttsp po rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoourwÄĄppsvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvpxÄĄ

U\Luprtsp pt qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;potrrq qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^strrq po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ootoqsJ+sxqtpoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< ootoqsJ+sxqtpoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<potropJ+ssrppoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ootoqsJ+sxqtpoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<potropJ+

ssrppoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<popupxJ+pqtxqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<potropJ+ssrppoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<

ootoqsJ+sxqtpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotposxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqooosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosproqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owssotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?69


t.V[ixsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;poO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qvÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/=[.W[Qt.X[Sx\ĆľT9Juv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<ppssorJ+surxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotwrv qv 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ppqpsrJ+ptsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppssorJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<osrqsuJ+twsprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqtrqps ps pMJ

pqowtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrrrÄĄoqtwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Kpprtxpr s qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprrrrÄĄoqpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorowtxÄĄ

ǜžoqpspqu q rMJ

poqwqxÄĄppsvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxpq(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<oqpxppJ+trvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqoopv qv (

surxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<ostrrwJ+txrrpt

Â&#x201E;OT]qsrrtp t sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxpxÄĄpoquswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpxssÄĄ

QĂžTppwtsru s rMJ

orsoqvÄĄosqqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqttrrÄĄorsxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłswsrp po rMJ

ossxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustouÄĄowqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Luprrqq pt qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;potqxtq qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^stqxtq po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<ppsspvJ+surxtqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqpxquJ+trwpvtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ S[\H<ppsspvJ+

surxtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqpxquJ+trwpvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppsspvJ+surxtqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqpxquJ+

trwpvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppsspvJ+surxtqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppqptwJ+ptsstS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<ppsspvJ+

surxtqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotoutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovppswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppsspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosoxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouquprÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?70


u.V[ixsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qwÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[Qu.X[Spo\ĆľT9Juv \X@S]M[Ä&#x161;O[\L@­T[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oootosJ+svrqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsxrt qw 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pptwpsJ+pvptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<orsutoJ+tusvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uwvqv pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxruÄĄossrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourotwÄĄovprpr

O^Kpptptqo s qMJ

orsxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrqrÄĄotrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrvssÄĄ

ǜžoqqswpu q rMJ

pqoxooÄĄpqtppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousstxÄĄowqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;potqusp qr sMJ

oxoxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxrx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<orpwqrJ+ttruvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqroqt qw (

oootosJ+svrqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<osrqppJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qtrosw t sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotosovÄĄovstqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrosÄĄpqpsqu

QĂžTppxruss s rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxooÄĄoqptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqttswÄĄ

Ç?Çłswprqx po rMJ

pooqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopowpsÄĄoqoqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Luprpx pt qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqwqsÄĄoroxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtoppÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^stqusp po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<orpwrwJ+ttrustSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orpwrwJ+ttrustSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

ooostwJ+svrqrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orpwrwJ+ttrustSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ooostwJ+svrqrtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pptwqxJ+

pvptttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooostwJ+svrqrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orpwrwJ+

ttrustSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovovtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosotpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrups

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orprrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?71


v.V[ixsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pqO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qxÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/=[.W[Qv.X[Spp\ĆľT9Juv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ S[\H<ppttppJ+svwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqsoqr qx 

\Oj[L<orsvqqJ+tuswtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<orsurxJ+tususvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqotvt pu pMJ

ovstquÄĄppqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqoqpsÄĄotrvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kppursqt s qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqostÄĄpqpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpossrxÄĄ

ǜžoqrttpt q sMJ

owqtswÄĄpooussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqupuÄĄorstqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louroou(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotortu\Oj[LoxrrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opoopv qx (

pqorsxJ+pvqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<ppttppJ+svwvt

Â&#x201E;OT]quqvss t sMJ

\WÄ­\Oj[L<oqruqwJ+trtpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTpqopwsx s sMJ

ourpqrÄĄpooqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxotÄĄoprrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłswqqrr po rMJ

ppqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvsoÄĄopqwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupqtxq pt qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;potqrro qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^stqrro po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<ppttosJ+svvtoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orsvptJ+tuswsoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H<ppttosJ+svvtoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S 9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orsvptJ+

tuswsoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppttosJ+svvtoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orsvptJ+

tuswsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<ppttosJ+svvtoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orsvptJ+tuswsoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppttosJ+svvtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqorsqJ+

pvqxqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H <ppttosJ+svvtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

orsvptJ+tuswsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovorttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosoppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqpw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqoxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oroxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?72


w.V[ixsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;prO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]roÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/=[.W[Qw.X[Spq\ĆľT9Juv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<ppptoqJ+stqwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourorq(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<orsvprJ+tuswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<opoqqoJ+sxtustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vsqps pv pMJ

oxqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxoxÄĄoqptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoooÄĄ

O^Kppvtupw s rMJ

oxrrovÄĄppqotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrovÄĄpoqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqtqqq q sMJ

ostoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostoswÄĄourpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqou ro  \Oj[L<orsuqxJ+tusvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L< pprwswJ+puqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<ppptoqJ+stqwvt O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprppp ro ( Â&#x201E;OT]qvqsso u pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLortopqÄĄourpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovprtxÄĄ

QĂžTpqpotp s sMJ

otosqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorsvÄĄottvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłswrpss po rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqoqxÄĄpooqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroxswÄĄ

U\Lupqtvp pt qMJ

ppswosÄĄopovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;potqoqo qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^stqoqo po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orsussJ+tusvstSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orsussJ+tusvst SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pppsttJ+stqvtoS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orsussJ+tusvstSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[ 8L[bL/S[\H<pppsttJ+stqvtoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L< pprwspJ+puqvptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<pppsttJ+stqvtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orsussJ+tusvstSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwqp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoquoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqotppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?73


x.V[ixsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;psO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rpÂ&#x201E;QuwvO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHps/=[.W[Qx.X[Spr\ĆľT9Juv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<poovprJ+sqrwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqttr rp 

Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<orpxqoJ+ttrxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxqsoqJ+potppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpvqrpp pw pMJ

oqturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourqpsÄĄowrwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtpqqÄĄ

O^Kppxqosu s rMJ

ottvrqÄĄoutpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpoÄĄpoqvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoquxrv q sMJ

owrwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqtsvÄĄpooutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourotw(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<orsvosJ+tuswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqosro rp (

possrxJ+pspqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<poovprJ+sqrwtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qwqprt u pMJ

S[\H<ppoupuJ+sturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpstrÄĄ

QĂžTpqpsqsx s sMJ

oqtvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxtqÄĄotosovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłswspq po rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovstqpÄĄowrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtuqxÄĄ

U\Lupqttt pt qMJ

pooutpÄĄppsvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpopqÄĄpoqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;potpvx qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^stpvx po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orpxprJ+ttrxptSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxqrtsJ+pototvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxqrtsJ+pototvtSI[+L[H\QI^L

99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orpxprJ+ttrxptSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<poovqwJ+sqrxrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orpxprJ+ttrxptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<poovqwJ+sqrxrtS

I[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<possrqJ+pspqptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<

poovqwJ+sqrxrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orpxprJ+ttrxptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqsqt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqopptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oproqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oroptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?74


po.V[ixsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ptO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]p@^LuwvO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/=[.W[Qpo.X[Sps\ĆľT9Juv \X@S]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SĆ&#x;[LR[Ă&#x160;[-Ç&#x192;^O[>]X\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrtsoJ+rwtoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorqqsv p 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxqsrwJ+potqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrtso

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtosuJ+rxqwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wotxqq px pMJ

-X[ÄĄppqvptÄĄoprrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvspÄĄotortuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpqosvrx s sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvqvÄĄoutpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourqrwÄĄ

ǜžoqvpvo r pMJ

otorrpÄĄoussrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostproÄĄourqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;potprtw qr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpqr(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<oqqwtoJ+trrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqspto p (

J+rwtoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovsppxJ+urssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qxpwrp u pMJ

\JLortosxÄĄourqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpssrÄĄovtusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpqqqsss s sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorrpÄĄottvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrprÄĄpqptor

Ç?Çłswtoqu po rMJ

ovpssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxprÄĄorpoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupqtrpu pt qMJ

9[TS[\HourqrwÄĄovtprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstoqÄĄotortu

Â&#x201E;9H^stprtw po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oqqwsrJ+trrrpvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrtrqJ+rwtoqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqqwsrJ+trrrpvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrtrqJ+rwtoqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<oxqsrpJ+potqroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrtrqJ+rwtoqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opruqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouoursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqoro Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?75


pp.V[ixsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]q@^LuwvO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/=[.W[Qpp.X[Spt\ĆľT9Juv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ousrrtJ+rspoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losqrqw q 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovsqpuJ+urvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

prsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹQ[J[L<oupwqsJ+rrvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpssxqv qo pMJ

oqtvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourroqÄĄovtvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpostqoÄĄ

O^Kpqqpusv s sMJ

osstotÄĄotrxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtvrwÄĄorrxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqwqsrp r pMJ

opqxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovptÄĄoqquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpsx(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<oppxptJ+torxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqstr q (

<ousrrtJ+rspoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otsotwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpoptqt u qMJ

I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpqpÄĄoxrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptprÄĄ

QĂžTpqruru s sMJ

pqtpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosstotÄĄotrxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłswtxtv po rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoovopÄĄppswprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswprÄĄ

U\Lupqtprq pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;potposv qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^stposv po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oppxqwJ+tosoqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsqpoJ+uruttSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^

9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< oppxqwJ+tosoqqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ousrqwJ+rspopoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppxqwJ+tosoqqtS I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ousrqwJ+rspopoS

I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oppxqwJ+tosoqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ousrqwJ+ rspopoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovsqpoJ+uruttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ousrqwJ+rspopoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oppxqwJ+tosoqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouswpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouoqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpurs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?76


pq.V[ixsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pvO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r@^LuwvO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/=[.W[Qpq.X[Spu\ĆľT9J uv\X@S]-Ç&#x192;^O[>]T\QT

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osrtsqJ+qwtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqvrx r 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otspruJ+prtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrotJ+qupsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqwtpqo qp pMJ

pqoxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrrsÄĄoqtvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Kpqrswo t pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprrrsÄĄoqptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpotsÄĄ

ǜžoqxrqx r pMJ

poqxstÄĄppswrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqps(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[S[\H<ppttpvJ+svxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osptpp r (

osrtsqJ+qwtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<orquruJ+tttwqo

Â&#x201E;OT]qpppqqo u qMJ

Â&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxqpÄĄpoqvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqpqxÄĄ

QĂžTpqrswqs t pMJ

orrxruÄĄosqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtvqsÄĄortpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsxxrs po rMJ

ostqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoussrtÄĄowqttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lupqsxtt pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;potvrv qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^stvrv po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrpxJ+quptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<ppttoxJ+svxrtSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsptp

J+pruqoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrpxJ+ quptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppttoxJ+svxrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppttoxJ+svxrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

osrtruJ+qwtosqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppttoxJ+svxrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[ 8L[bL/Q[J[L<osrtruJ+qwtosqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otsptpJ+pruqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b; Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<osrtruJ+qwtosqtSI[+L[H

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<ppttoxJ+svxrtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orspruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqrx Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?77


pr.V[ixsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pwO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s@^LuwvO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/=[.W[Qpr.X[Spv\ĆľT9J uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpuqpJ+qrqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lourrrt s 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<orqvrvJ+tuotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<pqrwqsJ+pwtvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xprqqr qq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortpsqÄĄosststÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrsxÄĄovptsw

O^Kpqtqppo t pMJ

ortpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosststÄĄotrxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrxstÄĄ

ǜžporxtt r qMJ

pqoxrxÄĄpqtprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoussrtÄĄowqttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;potsqu qr sMJ

oxpppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqrw(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[S[\H<poqppuJ+srptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otprqo s (

oqpuqpJ+qrqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oporpuJ+toovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpqxps u qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotorpuÄĄovstqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqvÄĄpqptrs

QĂžTpqsrox t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxrxÄĄoqptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtvsoÄĄ

Ç?Çłsxpxpw po rMJ

poorsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxruÄĄoqorrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lupqswqr pt qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqxtqÄĄorppppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtqrqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^stsqu po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<poqpoxJ+srpssqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxruqxJ+ppqrpoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqrwpwJ+

pwtvrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxruqxJ+ppqrpo

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poqpoxJ+srpssqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpuprJ+qrqqqt SI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqrwpwJ+pwtvrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqpuprJ+qrqqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poqpoxJ+srpssqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowsr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoouroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppstrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqsuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?78


ps.V[ixsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pxO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t@^LuwvO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/=[.W[Qps.X[Spw\ĆľT9J uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ppsxsuJ+putuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrwou t 

owsptpJ+rxurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ppsxsuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxqoqrJ+posqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqvpxqu qr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLovstqtÄĄppqpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpqutux t qMJ

pqoxsvÄĄoprrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpspÄĄpqptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppsvsw r qMJ

oprootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqttwÄĄpoovqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourroq(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<oxqoqrJ+posqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loupwpo u (

putuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<portptJ+srtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qprux u qMJ

oxrvpwJ+ppqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<ourrpxJ+rstpvt

QĂžTpqtppto t pMJ

oqortqÄĄotsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourspqÄĄpoortuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsxqxv po rMJ

9^\T9S[\HposttrÄĄppqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswsrÄĄ

U\Lupqsutw pt qMJ

oqquouÄĄorssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;potppt qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^stppt po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxrvrqJ+ppqtsvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspsrJ+rxuptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrvrqJ+

ppqtsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspsrJ+rxuptSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspsrJ+rxuptSI[+L[H L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pptoooJ+pututvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<oxqopuJ+posqsoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxrvrqJ+ppqtsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pptoooJ+pututvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspsrJ+rxuptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxqopuJ+posqsoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouruqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppowtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owossv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpooqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppspruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqsqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?79


pt.V[ixsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qoO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u@^LuwvO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/=[.W[Qpt.X[Spx\ĆľT9Juv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxqpqtJ+postrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howrvtp u 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Q[J[L<ovoqovJ+rstvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owovpvJ+rvsopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<outspqJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popprxt qs qMJ

I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<orrproJ+tupostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½

O^Kpqwrqsw t qMJ

oxqqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtsÄĄoqptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxqxÄĄ

ǜžpqttsw r qMJ

oxrrrxÄĄppqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrrxÄĄpoqvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;postws qr sMJ

ostroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostroxÄĄoursrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrqu(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<outspqJ+srvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqurx v (

I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxqpqtJ+postrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpsrr u rMJ

srvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<oursqrJ+rsvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpqttrqx t pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLortqpwÄĄoursrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpuqxÄĄ

Ç?Çłsxrxr po rMJ

otorpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorpqÄĄottvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lupqstrw pt qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqqpsÄĄpoosoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorppssÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^sstws po qMJ

ppswtvÄĄopovrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ovoqqqJ+rstvttSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourspuJ+rsvsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovoqqq J+rstvttSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovoqqqJ+

rstvttSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L <ovoqqqJ+rstvttSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outsotJ+srvpqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqppwJ+postptSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outsotJ+srvpqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ourspu J+rsvsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

oxqppwJ+postptSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ Q[J[L<ovoqqqJ+rstvttSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<outsotJ+srvpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L \H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppostuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owootp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opouswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?80


pu.V[ixsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]v@^LuwvO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/=[.W[Qpu.X[Sqo\ĆľT9Juv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<outtpvJ+ssopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrotq v 

Q[J[L<otqvotJ+rotxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO\G@\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<osrstqJ+twsxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqttvsu qt qMJ

oortovJ+swsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpuovÄĄ

O^Kqoppo t rMJ

oqtvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxqxÄĄotorpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžpsrts r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovstrrÄĄowrxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtwsqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;poststs qr sMJ

poovruÄĄppsxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpqopÄĄpororrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrsx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<osrstqJ+twsxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrtpt w (

<outtpvJ+ssopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otssooJ+rpspuo

Â&#x201E;OT]qpstxtv u rMJ

.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<orrqrtJ+tuprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<

QĂžTpqurtr t pMJ

oqtwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourstuÄĄowsoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtptuÄĄ

Ç?Çłsxsxt po rMJ

ottvpxÄĄoutpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrsuÄĄpoqvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupqssqt pt qMJ

owsoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquowÄĄpoovruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^sststs po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otqutvJ+rotxqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outtoxJ+srxtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otqutvJ+rotxqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otqutvJ+

rotxqqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otqutvJ+rotxqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outtoxJ+srxtqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otqutvJ+rotxqqtSI[+L[H M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osrtovJ+twsxstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outtoxJ+srxtqtS I[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osrtovJ+twsxstSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<outtoxJ+srxtqtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otqutvJ+rotxqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< osrtovJ+twsxstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppopooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtutt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?81


pv.V[ixsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qrO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w@^LuwvO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/=[.W[Qpv.X[Sqp\ĆľT9Juv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osrttvJ+twtptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopvpp w 

Q[J[L<osopoqJ+qvqsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oqqvqvJ+trroroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppopptx qu rMJ

ortqtqÄĄourtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvoxÄĄovtxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqptorx t rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorprÄĄottvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrtsÄĄpqpupx

ǜžptpqw r rMJ

ovpvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprostÄĄorpqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;postpsr qr sMJ

ourtpvÄĄovtrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssssÄĄotorprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourspq(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oqqvqvJ+trroroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxsprt x (

osrttvJ+twtptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxsrJ+quupt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpttutp u rMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PLS[\H<oxsvqqJ+sptoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTpqvpurt t qMJ

ppqwpxÄĄoprrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvrwÄĄotorprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsxtxpq po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvqpÄĄoutpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourtpvÄĄ

U\Lupqsrpw pt qMJ

otorprÄĄousssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostrsuÄĄourtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^sstpsr po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<osoppvJ+qvqtpoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxtvJ+quutoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osoppvJ+ qvqtpoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

osoppvJ+qvqtpoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oqqvqoJ+trropqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxtvJ+quutoSI[+L[H Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osoppvJ+qvqtpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqqvqoJ+trropqtS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opowtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtqtx Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqroqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osptsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?82


pw.V[ixsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSpx.V[i>[ŃqsO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]x@^LuwvO[+T[bJUqu„@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTpx„@Duox…QcHqs/=[.W[Qpw.X[Sqq\ƵT9Juv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<oortrpJ+swtoro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotwor x 

9SG…H\HT„O\LSMS<opqxrpJ+qptso„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+rtqqqvt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLoutprsġoxrsor

„@[T[9ppqspwqv qv rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġposurxġpqtqpo„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLossvpwġ

O^Kqrrprw t sMJ

oqtvspġorrxrp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovtrġppsxqu„Mj[(

Ƕ¾puqoqw r rMJ

oqqupw„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursrs(

JUQ]LíÊ„SOH]„O\LSMS<oqsxouJ+qsqsrvt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpossts po (

oortrpJ+swtoro„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;-\H;ĚQ[J[L<ovpqps

„OT]qputrst u sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġpqpurpġoqtwtx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourtrvġovtxpw

QþTpqvtwr t qMJ

otspqw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossvpwġotspqw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzspoxqt po sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLppsxquġoprotx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopovtpġ

U\Lupqsqpv pt qMJ

S[ȉposswrq qr sMJ „9H^ssswrq po qMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ„O\LSMS<oqswtwJ+qsqspvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼnQ[J[L<ovpqovJ+rtqqpoSI[+L[H„QVS[\U í\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9 „W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ „O\LSMS<opqxstJ+

qpuptSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovpqovJ+rtqqpoS

I[+L[H„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<oqswtwJ+qsqspvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv LíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L

„O\LSMS<oqswtwJ+qsqspvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oortstJ+swtptSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(„O\LSMS<opqxstJ+qpuptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ„O\LSMS<oqswtwJ+qsqspvtSI[+L[H L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

oortstJ+swtptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Louqoso„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowrvqp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpotrov„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[opotoq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orpwoo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotrtou„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsxoq

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxsusx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppqttp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqttoo„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqquqw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospptp„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď83


px.V[ixsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qtO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po@^LuwvO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/=[.W[Qpx.X[Sqr\ĆľT9J uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<pposrpJ+strÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprtpr po 

O\G@\Oj[L<ppsvqoJ+putoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<pposrpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowsoopÄĄpoqwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxqrpr

Â&#x201E;@[T[9owpspv p rMJ

orrxrsÄĄosqpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtxptÄĄortrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqtprtp t sMJ

ostsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousstrÄĄowquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourstu(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttroJ+qqpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppstsp pp (

strÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<ostqrwJ+qxrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpvtorx u sMJ

ÄĄpqpoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprsovÄĄoqtvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

QĂžTpqwrxqx t qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprsovÄĄoqpttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpqswÄĄ

Ç?Çłspopxss po sMJ

porppoÄĄppsxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpvqwtt r sMJ

U\Lupqspqr pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;posstqp qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ssstqp po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttqqJ+qqpovtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< opttqqJ+qqpovtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttqqJ+qqpovtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pposqqJ+stqrvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppsvrtJ+putosoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttqqJ+qqpovtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<pposqqJ+stqrvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opopouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovstou

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?84


qo.V[ixsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;quO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^LuwvO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/=[.W[Qqo.X[Sqs\ĆľT9J uv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bR[\;L]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<oxtvptJ+sqpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqpoqt pp 

9SGOO\Oj[L<poqvtpJ+prrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxtvpt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qsrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotorqrÄĄovsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqptvt q rMJ

O[bS[S[\HourupvÄĄovpwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqporxÄĄoqpuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqutvpq u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowspsoÄĄpootptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopppovÄĄ

ǜžpwrvqv r sMJ

oustooÄĄowquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprpqvÄĄorprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtpv(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqsrvJ+qotrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqsstw pq (

J+sqpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtqouJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpwsvrr u sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrsqpÄĄpqputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrsqÄĄossvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpqxqoto t qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtxroÄĄortrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvtrÄĄotsqot

Ç?Çłsporox po sMJ

oqotpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqporxÄĄpqtqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupqsors pt qMJ

9[TS[\HovtsrxÄĄoxpropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;possqpp qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sssqpp po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqsqxJ+qotqstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxtvoxJ+sqpsqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ S[\H<oxtvox J+sqpsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq

prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqsqxJ+qotqstSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqsqxJ+qotqstSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqsqxJ+qotqstSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxtvoxJ+sqpsqtS

I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtvoxJ+sqpsqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poqvssJ+prrotqtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqsqxJ+qotqst SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtvoxJ+sqpsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpostpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsppq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?85


qp.V[ixsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qvO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^LuwvO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x201E;@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/=[.W[Qqp.X[Sqt\ĆľT9J uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ S[\H<oxpvsuJ+sortsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqstpv pq 

9`\ÄĄ9[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxsoJ+qosoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sortsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oxoxouJ+poprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ptqtpp r rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovsuouÄĄppqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqotrrÄĄotsqqr

O^Kqwspru u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqtuÄĄpqpvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposvptÄĄ

ǜžpxsuu r sMJ

owqustÄĄpoowqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqurtÄĄorssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtrv(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorqx\Oj[LoxrsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsrto pr (

\Oj[L<oxrrtwJ+pppupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<oxpvsuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpxssqv u sMJ

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppqsxJ+qoqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

QĂžTqoqx t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoururtÄĄpootqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqposwÄĄoprsqq

Ç?Çłsposorx po sMJ

ppqxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptooqÄĄoprpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupqrxtq pt qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;posrwuo qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ssrwuo po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxtsJ+qospqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L Â&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrrtoJ+pppttqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9 KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oppxtsJ+qospqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxtsJ+qospqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxpvrw J+sortqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxpvrwJ+sortqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxrrtoJ+pppttqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxtsJ+qospqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxpvrwJ+sortqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouowtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpospqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrvpu Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osooorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?86


qq.V[ixsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqr.V[i>[ŃqwO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pr@^LuwvO[+T[bJUro„@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTqr„@Duox…QcHqw/=[.W[Qqq.X[Squ\ƵT9J uv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<oxowoxJ+soppqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqppx

Q`;\US[9SG;S\Oj[L<oxoxpsJ+popsvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HU9^\L„R[;;Ě\Oj[L<pptvqoJ+pvpsqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ

„@[T[9ppwrvrx s rMJ

oxqrtu„Mj[-X[ġpqpotxġoqpupu„Mj[-X[ġorrxsvġ

O^Kqpoqutv u qMJ

oxrsspġppqrow„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrsspġpoqwts„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppotstp s pMJ

osttpr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosttprġourutr„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourttv(

>H^SJU]LíÊ„S[\XG]„O\LSMS<opsrtsJ+qpsosvt„Mj[I[+L[H

pr O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqsrot ps (

oxowoxJ+soppqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oxptqpJ+poqxt„Mj[

„OT]qqospqp v pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLortsprġourutr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovpwrxġ

QþTqosrqs t rMJ

otorpx„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotorrtġottvsx„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzspotpps po sMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoxqrtuġpootsp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorprrsġ

U\Lupqrxpv pt qMJ

pptoouġopowqs„Mj[(

S[ȉposrtsx qr sMJ „9H^ssrtsx po qMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<opssowJ+qpspqqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oxptpsJ+poqwsvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9 @^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxoxouJ+ poprsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxptpsJ+

poqwsvtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<opssowJ+qpspqqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv LíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<opssowJ+qpspqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[

N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxowqqJ+sopptvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxoxouJ+poprsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„O\LSMS<

opssowJ+qpspqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxowqqJ+sopptvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Louostv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowqprx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lporvqt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqsxpw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oroqpu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotpxqq„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrrqo „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxrpou„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpppoox„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqrxpu„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqposr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortuov„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď87


qr.V[ixsQ[\S/bS/xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqs.V[i>[ŃqxO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]ps@^LuwvO[+T[bJUrp„@DxsP[SH]j\W\PTqs„@Duox…QcHqx/=[.W[Qqr.X[Sqv\ƵT9Juv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ S[\H<oxqxtrJ+sptqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optxtq

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oxpsstJ+poqvrt„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LS[\H<oxqxtr

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HǝO-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpvrsġoroopt„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

„@[T[9qprsqs t rMJ

orrxtrġotorqr„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottvtvġoutqpp„Mj[

O^Kqpqprpp u qMJ

owsorw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Howoosoġowsqqt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾ppqrsq s pMJ

9[TS[\Hoxprsrġporqoo„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourupv(

I[\>LíÊQ`;\US[„O\LSMS<oqrwqrJ+qrtuso„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[

ps O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorsqtu pt (

J+sptqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J„R[;O`\ĭ\Oj[L<ppouqpJ+pturt

„OT]qqprwpt v pMJ

ourvpoġowsqqt„Mj[-X[ġpqtqtsġoqtwow„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTqpqsru t rMJ

-X[ġoxrstqġpoqxou„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsuqtġ

Ǐdzsppptt po sMJ

owqvotġpoowsu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoowsuġpptoqv„Mj[(

U\Lupqrwsv pt qMJ

S[ȉposrqrw qr sMJ „9H^ssrqrw po qMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

XSM;H[S[ÑbH½9„O\LSMS<oqrwrvJ+qrtvptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxptooJ+poqwpqtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<oqrwrv J+qrtvptSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<oqrwrvJ+qrtvpt

SI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ 8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxqxsuJ+sptvtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[? WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(

\Oj[L<oxptooJ+poqwpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„O\LSMS<oqrwrvJ+qrtvptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxqxsuJ+sptvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Louopoq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowpvsq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lporrqx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqstqp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqtwqp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotptqv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqxqs „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxqvpo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppoupr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqrtqp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqousv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqpp„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď88


qs.V[ixsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;roO[QLQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pt@^LuwvO[+T[bJUp.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHro/=[.W[Qqs.X[Sqw\ĆľT9Juv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ S[\H<poqprpJ+srpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsqos

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<oxtprvJ+pptxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

prtxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLortsssÄĄourvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpspuw u rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtwpuÄĄotorqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotortqÄĄottwou

O^Kqpsops u rMJ

outqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourvquÄĄovpxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpprpqrx s pMJ

-X[ÄĄosttstÄĄourvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourvquÄĄovttsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Loururt(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<osoroxJ+qvqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

pt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lossqsw pu (

poqprpJ+srpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<porxrpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqrtpo v pMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpxpoÄĄowoottÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxrtÄĄoprsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqqtss t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtosÄĄpqpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwouÄĄ

Ç?Çłspppqsp po sMJ

oprqqpÄĄorpsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotortqÄĄoustrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lupqrwqs pt qMJ

-X[ÄĄorstprÄĄotorqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;posqxqw qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ssqxqw po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<osoropJ+qvqvtqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtprpJ+pptxvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osoropJ+ qvqvtqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osoropJ+qvqvtqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/S[\H< poqpqrJ+srprsvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtprpJ+pptxvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osoropJ+qvqvtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<poqpqrJ+srprsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowprsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqtqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?89


qt.V[ixsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pu@^LuwvO[+T[bJUq.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHp/b=L.W[Qqt.X[Sqx\ĆľT9Juv \X@S]Ç?\Äš>[Q[@­L[Ă&#x2DC;]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[I\;S9SLObRgOLJU­LO[bS[Â&#x201E;LbĂ&#x160;[¢WOM^S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ S[\H<ppsorpJ+surppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqwru

\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<potvrxJ+psssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppsorpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqrpÄĄoxrtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqussqt v rMJ

posworÄĄpqtrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossxprÄĄotsrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqptsvuo u rMJ

orsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooxoxÄĄpptotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourutr(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Q[J[L<otttpuJ+rqwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG

pu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotsppu pv (

surppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<portsqJ+prsxpo

Â&#x201E;OT]qqrrqt v qMJ

pqpvtxÄĄoroosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvsqÄĄowopoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTqqsuto t rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLossxprÄĄotsrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłsppqrrq po sMJ

pptotqÄĄoprqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopowtrÄĄoqqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppsqpsp s qMJ

U\Lupqrwv pt qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;posqupv qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ssqupv po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otttoxJ+rqvsvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Q[J[L<otttoxJ+rqvsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otttoxJ+

rqvsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

ppsostJ+surpsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V Q[J[L<otttoxJ+rqvsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppsostJ+surpsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[ :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppsostJ+surpsvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<portruJ+prswttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otttoxJ+rqvsvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<ppsostJ+surpsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowoxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqprq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?90


qu.V[ixsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pv@^LuwvO[+T[bJUr.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHq/b=L.W[Qqu.X[Sro\ĆľT9Juv \X@S].\@@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^S9[= SI 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<opqproJ+tosqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ospxqr

O[TO\Oj[L<pqqwpqJ+pwqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<opqpro

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

psqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLowspprÄĄpoqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rxpqu w qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsopvÄĄosqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLorootvÄĄ

O^Kqpvruqt u sMJ

orpsrpÄĄostupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousttuÄĄowqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvpo(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpootJ+rvsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG

pv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loururq pw (

J+tosqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<potpooJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqsqxo v qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqssxÄĄpqppspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprtowÄĄoqtwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTqrqvtq t sMJ

orttpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprtowÄĄoqputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłspprsqw po sMJ

9[TS[\HporqrvÄĄpptotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpptrosx s qMJ

U\Lupqrvtv pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;posqru qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ssqru po qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoxtxJ+rvssqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoxtxJ+

rvssqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoxtxJ+rvssqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

opqpqrJ+tosqqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opqpqrJ+tosqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opqpqrJ+tosqqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pototsJ+ psqusqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoxtxJ+rvssqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<opqpqrJ+tosqqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowotttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotorrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpvru Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?91


qv.V[ixsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pw@^LuwvO[+T[bJUs.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qqv.X[Sp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<orputsJ+ttrosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otprqt

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpvowJ+qrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<orputs

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotosqtÄĄovsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqpxuo x qMJ

ourwpoÄĄovpxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpptrÄĄoqpvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqpxqtqv u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsrpxÄĄpooussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqsoÄĄ

ǜžppusor s rMJ

ousuowÄĄowqvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprropÄĄorpsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvqu(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[S[\H<posoorJ+srtxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

pw O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqvot px (

J+ttrosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<ppqossJ+ptsosvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqtqttu v qMJ

oxrtsoÄĄpqpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttqtÄĄossxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTqswtp t sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoroppoÄĄorttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxsoÄĄotsrtt

Ç?Çłsppstqx po sMJ

oqouttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpptrÄĄpqtrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupqrvtq pt qMJ

9[TS[\HovtuqrÄĄoxpsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pospxtt qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sspxtt po qMJ

U\LO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<owsurrJ+ xptqo

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<porxttJ+srtwstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<porxttJ+srtwstSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

porxttJ+srtwstSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ S[\H<porxttJ+srtwstSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<orpusuJ+ttroqoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;

Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppqotwJ+ptspqqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ S[\H<porxttJ+srtwstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orpusuJ+ttroqoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovprso Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxppqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?92


qw.V[ixsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]px@^LuwvO[+T[bJUt.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qqw.X[Sq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosoqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otputwJ+oropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoxos qo 

9SGO\G@Q[J[L<ospuoxJ+qvtwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pvpuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvqrÄĄppqsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9srprpw po pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpqosÄĄoprtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsqrÄĄpqpwrw

O^Kqqppstx v pMJ

oprrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqwosÄĄpooxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvsq(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<opputqJ+toroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howpqpr qo (

otputwJ+oropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<pptxotJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qquqqtq v qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqovowÄĄotssowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwqrÄĄpooutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqssxsu t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwrxÄĄpproqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptproÄĄ

Ç?Çłsppturs po sMJ

oqqvrvÄĄorsttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppvsxqp s rMJ

U\Lupqrvtt pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;pospuss qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sspuss po qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oppussJ+toqxsqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oppussJ+toqxsqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppussJ+toqxsqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpvprJ+orottSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpvprJ+orottSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pptwtxJ+pvpttqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oppussJ+toqxsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otpvprJ+orottSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotspqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoprswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosttsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovoxsr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxovrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqptspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?93


qx.V[ixsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qo@^LuwvO[+T[bJUu.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qqx.X[Sr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otptsvJ+oqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoxos qo 

<ortoqvJ+tutrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovpqsvJ+tpxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sptpsto pp pMJ

ortttoÄĄourwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqopwÄĄoxqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqqrto v pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotostpÄĄottxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruouÄĄppqsru

ǜžppwtwst s rMJ

poovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorptoxÄĄostutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtu(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<ovpqsvJ+tpxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howpqpr qo (

otptsvJ+oqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouptrqJ+rqtusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqvpxsw v rMJ

O½H]M[H\Oj[L<pqrwtuJ+pwttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTqtrorw t sMJ

pqpqptÄĄoqpvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoswÄĄotosprÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłspqvss po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxruouÄĄporoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqtqtÄĄ

U\Lupqrwr pt qMJ

ostutqÄĄourwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptpqsÄĄopoxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;posprrs qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ssprrs po qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ortosqJ+tutruoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<ortosqJ+tutruoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otptrwJ+oqutvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[ Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ortosqJ+tutruoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpqrxJ+tpwtqtSI[+L[H <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ortosqJ+

tutruoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otptrwJ+oqutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <ovpqrxJ+tpwtqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otptrwJ+oqutvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ortosqJ+tutruoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovpqrxJ+

tpwtqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpooxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovotsv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxorrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?94


ro.V[ixsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;tĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp@^LuwvO[+T[bJUv.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x201E;@DuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHt/b=L.W[Qro.X[Ss\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovpprsJ+tpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovosrt qp 

orsxruJ+tutpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oupqpoJ+qsv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotrsJ+rvrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owtsts

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqvpww pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpxorÄĄoropsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqqsttqt v qMJ

orspooÄĄotosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottxqpÄĄoutrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžpqowps s sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqppÄĄowsrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwrpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pospoqr qr sMJ

oxptppÄĄporrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpo(

\Oj[L<owtstsJ+xrrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtqpo qp (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovpprsJ+tpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwpust v rMJ

J+xrrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprooJ+qopxst

QĂžTquppqw t sMJ

ourwsuÄĄowsrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtsoxÄĄoqtxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłspqpwtx po sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrupxÄĄpororsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvtoÄĄowsqot

U\Lupqrwpw pt qMJ

popopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopopsÄĄpptptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^sspoqr po qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprpuJ+qoqoqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oupqosJ+qsustSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opprpuJ+qoqoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupqosJ+qsustSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpv pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<ovppsxJ+tpusvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oupqosJ+qsustSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SG

O[bS[J]Ă­[TL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<owtssuJ+xrrroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[TX=K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupqosJ+qsustSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owtssuJ+xrrroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovppsxJ+tpusvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtssuJ+xrrroSI[+L[HH[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovppsxJ+tpusvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oupqosJ+

qsustSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owtssuJ+xrrroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqroswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovoptq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqovtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?95


rp.V[ixsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq@^LuwvO[+T[bJUw.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTp.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHu/b=L.W[Qrp.X[St\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<owtrsqJ+xrotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtwsx qq 

owprqrJ+vsxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owtrsqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprtpsJ+qppssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9txqusp pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄpprottÄĄopruosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxqxÄĄotosrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqqusupq v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottxruÄĄoutrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourwtuÄĄ

ǜžpqppvsw s sMJ

ototqqÄĄousvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvpsÄĄourwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqr(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ouppooJ+qsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxqvsv qq (

xrotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<oxrvrwJ+spqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]qqxprsr v rMJ

ortuprÄĄourwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqorxÄĄowoqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqutqpr u pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototqqÄĄottxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrurrÄĄpqpxpu

Ç?Çłspqropx po sMJ

ovqorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprrtpÄĄorptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupqrwrx pt qMJ

ourwtuÄĄovtvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsuqtÄĄotosrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;posvpq qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ssvpq po qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ouppprJ+qssrvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owprpuJ+vsxtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupw

qoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouppprJ+qssrvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <owprpuJ+vsxtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<ouppprJ+qssrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupppr J+qssrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtrrtJ+xrorqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

owtrrtJ+xrorqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poptpwJ+pqtspoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouppprJ+qssrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owtrrtJ+xrorqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< owprpuJ+vsxtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poptpwJ+pqtspoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpooqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosssooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutvtu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqortsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?96


rq.V[ixsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSpX[7L>[ŃvØ]KSQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qr@^LuwvO[+T[bJUx.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTq.V[iuox…QcHv/b=L.W[Qrq.X[Su\ƵTXĉuv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ \Oj[L<popsptJ+pqtprqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowtpqo qr 

O\G@\Oj[L<popsptJ+pqtprqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆS[\H<postprJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H\Wĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLoutsouġoxrusv„Mj[-X[ġ

„@[T[9tqpsrsp pr sMJ

posxqsġpqtsrr„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLostorvġotsstp„Mj[(

O^Kqqwrvpt v rMJ

orspqt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopospġpptqqp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrt(

-ƆQ]LíÊXƚ[\Oj[L<owpqrtJ+vsvqqt„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoooox qr (

sswtvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;\UO„O\LSMS<oprxqvJ+qpqsrqt

„OT]roposp v sMJ

pqpxqwġoroqpo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourxotġowoqrp„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTqvrqtu u pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostorvġotsstp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoqtxsqġ

Ǐdzspqspsr po sMJ

pptqqpġoprsoq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoppoppġoqqwqt„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pqqqvqv s sMJ U\Lupqrxv pt qMJ S[ȉpossp qr sMJ „9H^sssp po qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<owpqqvJ+vsvqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<postouJ+sswsoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­ S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

oxswtvJ+ppsvrtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\L

O[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`V S[\USH[ S[\H<postouJ+sswsoSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sp

rtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<owpqqvJ+vsvqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq qsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxswtvJ+ppsvrtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[Ǐdz

9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owpqqvJ+vsvqt SI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<popsroJ+pqtqpoSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxswtv J+ppsvrtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<popsroJ+pqtqpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

popsroJ+pqtqpoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[ LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT

/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owpqqvJ+vsvqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<popsroJ+pqtqpoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotqtrx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovsqqo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxtwou„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqoxtx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqqtw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lossoos„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutsoo

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owtpsv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hporoto„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpptxtw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprpqs„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpusv„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď97


pX[7LxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;wĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs@^LuwvO[+T[bJUpo.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTr.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHw/b=L.W[QpU[7Lv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rp.V[ixsQ[\S uwvuqq I[+>[ J+sxtwqt <psSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ppowpqJ+pttsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxsqqq qs 

\Oj[L<ppowpqJ+pttsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<ppqsopJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLototttÄĄoutsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uspptv ps sMJ

pprppwÄĄoqpwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorturrÄĄotstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kroqwrr v sMJ

oqpwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpttrÄĄostvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsu(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<oxswpvJ+ppstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporoqv qs (

ststptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqqqxJ+qospqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvrx v sMJ

porppsÄĄopprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqotuÄĄoxquovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTqwprrt u pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqqoÄĄorturrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopruqwÄĄ

Ç?Çłspqtrpp po sMJ

ousvrtÄĄowqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporrttÄĄpptqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqrrvpp t pMJ

U\Lupqrxsp pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;posotp qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ssotp po qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxswoxJ+ppstrtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<potsssJ+psrppvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oxswoxJ+ppstrtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potsssJ+

psrppvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxswoxJ+ppstrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppowosJ+pttqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<potsssJ+psrppvtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<potsssJ+psrppvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ppowosJ+pttqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxswoxJ+ ppstrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ppowosJ+pttqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< potsssJ+psrppvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqouoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosruowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutoos Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?98


qX[7LxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;xĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt@^LuwvO[+T[bJUpp.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTs.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHx/b=L.W[QqU[7Lw\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<pprprqJ+purpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporqrv qt 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pprprqJ+purpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<pprptr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLovswtoÄĄporpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsotÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uputrsp pt sMJ

ovqposÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqupuÄĄpprpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopruspÄĄ

O^Krqqoq v sMJ

pqprprÄĄpqtstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousvtpÄĄowqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqssvo t pMJ

oxpttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtu(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<potsqvJ+psrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotxts qt (

J+suspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<pqspqrJ+pwtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqsrw v sMJ

oroqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortusrÄĄotstovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxqoÄĄ

QĂžTqwtspp u pMJ

oroooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppsotÄĄoqowpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłsprssr po sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoprsqtÄĄorpuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvrtÄĄ

U\Lupqsoqp pt qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;portvso qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^srtvso po qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<potssqJ+psrppqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potssqJ+psrppqtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<potssqJ+psrppqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprpqtJ+purSI[+L[H

9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<potssqJ+psrppqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< pprpqtJ+purSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqoqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousuox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orowtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?99


rX[7LxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;poĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu@^LuwvO[+T[bJUpq.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTt.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/b=L.W[QrU[7Lx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv \X@S]\NS[SI

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototrwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ppqspvJ+ptssqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqros qu 

9SG;S\Oj[L<ppqspvJ+ptssqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<ppowsw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotourqÄĄoutsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqxtoqu pu rMJ

ovqpppÄĄoxquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprutsÄĄototrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Krsppso w pMJ

posxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqttrÄĄpqqootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpqttuts t pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowqxstÄĄpoppqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqxotÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxot(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<pproqtJ+pttxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqxsq qu (

J+sttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<pprtsxJ+puprpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rrprw v sMJ

oxrvroÄĄppqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortutpÄĄotstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTqxrsss u pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowqwÄĄortutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxquqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłsprpuqo po sMJ

posxttÄĄpprprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqtxÄĄoprsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupqspv pt qMJ

orsvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;portsqx qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^srtsqx po qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ppqspoJ+ptsstSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ppropuJ+pttxqoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ppqspoJ+ptsstSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9

Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppropuJ+ pttxqoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppqspoJ+ptsstSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppropuJ+

pttxqoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<posuqqJ+pswsvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppropuJ+

pttxqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<posuqqJ+pswsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ppqspoJ+ptsstSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<posuqqJ+pswsvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppqspoJ+ptsstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppropuJ+pttxqoSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posuqqJ+pswsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousqpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppswoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orotopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?100


sX[7LxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;ppĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv@^LuwvO[+T[bJUpr.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTu.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/b=L.W[QsU[7Lpo\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv \X@S]UjL59[JU]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SUjL>H^­Q[W½Ă&#x201C;H-9S[ Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;9[SO[\LS0J0Ç&#x161;T.RX[O9S[0J Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<posuqvJ+psxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqpssx qv 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<posuqvJ+psxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<poputtJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<owprswJ+vsurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vprqtu pv rMJ

porpttÄĄoppsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrvssÄĄporpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Krurqq w pMJ

ostvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostvtuÄĄourxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ppruqxJ+pupstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqopox qv (

sqttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<poouovJ+pqqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rrtwrw w pMJ

pqttqpÄĄoroorwQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotoutpÄĄouttpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTqpoptps u qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqurrÄĄpoowpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpuqpÄĄ

Ç?Çłsprqwp pp pMJ

pptqsrÄĄopppopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqvutq t qMJ

U\Lupqspuo pt qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;portppw qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^srtppw po qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppruqpJ+puprstSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppruqpJ+puprst

SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<posusqJ+

psxrvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppruqpJ+puprstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxsoswJ+

ppqsqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<posusqJ+psxrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<posusqJ+psxrvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxsoswJ+ppqsqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poouooJ+pqqvtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posusqJ+psxrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppruqpJ+puprstS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsoswJ+ppqsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotoxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourwpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owruosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opptspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oropotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?101


tX[7LxsQ[\S/bS/xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSuX[7L>[ŃpqØ]KSQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@] qw@^LuwvO[+T[bJUps.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTv.V[iuox…QcHpq/b=L.W[QtU[7Lpp\ƵTXĉuv\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<oxsppuJ+ppqtpqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[opoxor qw 

owpotsJ+vrwqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊ„@½Ɗ[\Oj[L<ppptpsJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„Wń[<owtwsuJ+rxrwtvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L

„@[T[9vqurpt pw rMJ

vsvqqt„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń\Oj[L<ouoppwJ+qpsqt„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H

O^Krvttu w qMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoppsrvġoroqtu„Mj[-X[ġostpptġourxrs

Ƕ¾pqwputs t qMJ

„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hpotopsġpprqoo„Mj[-X[ġorsqsoġ

S[ȉporswv qr sMJ

oworovġowssts„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowropvġpoppto„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqo(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotovpp\Oj[Loxrvtx„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqrtsu qw (

ptqovt„Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxsppuJ+ppqtpqt

„OT]rsttrx w pMJ

<owpotsJ+vrwqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;ÓƬ\Oj[L<owpsowJ+

QþTqpottso u qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotovppġouttro„Mj[-X[ġovsxsoġporqox

Ǐdzsprrxst pp pMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howorovġoxqusp„Mj[-X[ġorootrġorsqso

U\Lupqsqtx pt qMJ

otoupr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsxsoġowsrto„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

„9H^srswv po qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopptoġpptrqr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxpupsġ porsrs„Mj[(

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<ppptouJ+ptpxsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn„Wń[<owtxopJ+rxrxrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

í\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L< poqxqqJ+prqsrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \Ƶ

O[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[„Wń[< owtxopJ+rxrxrtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^Ŧ

S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ppptouJ+ptpxsvtSI[+L[Hqrtv xpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<poqxqqJ+prqsrtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqq qsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxspowJ+ppqstqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppptouJ+ptpxsvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

owposuJ+vrwtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

\Oj[L<poqxqqJ+prqsrtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxspowJ+ppqstqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/

M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxspowJ+ppqstqtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owposuJ+vrwtSI[+L[H W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owpsopJ+vsvtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxspowJ+ppqstqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ppptouJ+ptpxsvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owposuJ+vrwtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Q[\S94

M[\ď102


TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpptopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqorpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoursqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqow

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

uX[7LxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;prĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qx@^LuwvO[+T[bJUpt.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTw.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/b=L.W[QuU[7Lpq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotourqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<owppptJ+vrxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoust qx 

\Oj[L<poqxtoJ+prqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<oxqrrvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

vrxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovpwqoJ+rtquuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpoprtw px sMJ

J+qptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<orrptsJ+tuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ

O^Krxsusx w qMJ

potoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprtwÄĄoprvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqpxqpÄĄ

ǜžpqxqvp t qMJ

ourxrvÄĄovqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtotÄĄorpuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;porsstv qr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxrvÄĄovtvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswpoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqu(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ouqoqqJ+rppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opptpr qx (

porxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owppptJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rttqsp w pMJ

\Oj[L<ouqoqqJ+rppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ouoprw

QĂžTqpprur u qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrwpsÄĄoppssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstooÄĄ

Ç?Çłsprtprs pp pMJ

orsqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouopspÄĄouttsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lupqsss pt qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotovrqÄĄousxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwouÄĄourxrv

Â&#x201E;9H^srsstv po qMJ

otourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<poroouJ+prquqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxqrtoJ+porxtoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpp pqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poroouJ+prquqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxqrtoJ+porxtoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxqrtoJ+porxtoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< oxqrtoJ+porxtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owppqxJ+vrxtqtSI[+L[H

W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouqopsJ+rotoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\L

I[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouoptrJ+qpttqtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owppqxJ+vrxtqtS

I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouqopsJ+

rotoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<oxqrtoJ+porxtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouroqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwpp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?103


vX[7LxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;psĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^LuwvO[+T[bJUpu.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTx.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHps/b=L.W[QvU[7Lpr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoutpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ouqpotJ+rqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorowqp ro 

\Oj[L<oxqsqoJ+posptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<owoqrvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otpxpoJ+roqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqsxtt qo sMJ

J+tupstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ooswqvJ+sxpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Krpprwqw w rMJ

oxqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotovtsÄĄouoqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqorvpr t rMJ

pqpsoxÄĄoropqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostpqtÄĄotstrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;porspsu qr sMJ

pptrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptrsuÄĄoprtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrp(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<osprrxJ+tvsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqoppw ro (

vpttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ouqpotJ+rqtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rusxss w qMJ

osprrxJ+tvsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<orrqru

QĂžTqpqpuqr u qMJ

Ă&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouoqopÄĄoxrwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworpuÄĄ

Ç?Çłspsrqu pp pMJ

oppstvÄĄoqoxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqvÄĄoworpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lupqstpt pt qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoropqtÄĄorsrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopqpwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^srspsu po qMJ

oppprxÄĄoqroorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxqsrtJ+pospsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otpxoqJ+roqvtoSI[+L[HQ9S S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<owoqqxJ+vptrqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h] -ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otpxoqJ+roqvtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osprrpJ+tvsrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxqsrtJ+

pospsqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owoqqxJ+vptrqtSI[+L[Hprt

uwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqotwJ+rqsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxqsrtJ+pospsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osprrpJ+tvsrvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< owoqqxJ+vptrqtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqsrtJ+pospsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouqotwJ+rqsoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L< osprrpJ+tvsrvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouqotwJ+rqsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqsrtJ+pospsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osprrpJ+tvsrvtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owoqqx J+vptrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?104


TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqspt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoorpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/oportrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?105


wX[7LxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;puĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]p@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUpv.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTpo.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/b=L.W[QwU[7Lps\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ospsqrJ+tvstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losprou p 

\Oj[L<oworqpJ+vpvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ouroouJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orottxJ+qstspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xwpurq qp sMJ

J+sptusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotowpuÄĄoutuqv

O^Krprroo w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqroÄĄoqpxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvqqÄĄ

ǜžqpsvqx t rMJ

oprwopÄĄoqpxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpuswÄĄostwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;porrwrt qr sMJ

pptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrs(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<opttorJ+tptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqttqs p (

rqrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<ospsqrJ+tvstpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rvsusv w qMJ

\Oj[L<opttorJ+tptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HS[\H<oxtstu

QĂžTqpqtuso u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqsxÄĄopptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqxÄĄoxqvoo

Ç?Çłspsptqq pp pMJ

otstrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororpvÄĄortvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lupqsurr pt qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLousxspÄĄowrpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporstxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^srrwrt po qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oworpsJ+vpvqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ouroqpJ+rqsptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oworpsJ+vpvqt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqo qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oworpsJ+vpvqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< ouroqpJ+rqsptSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oworpsJ+vpvqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<optstuJ+tpttsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouroqpJ+rqsptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L <oworpsJ+vpvqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<optstuJ+tpttsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<optstuJ+tpttsqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oworpsJ+vpvqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

optstuJ+tpttsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ouroqpJ+rqsptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosowruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqopx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?106


xX[7LxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]q@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUpw.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTpp.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/b=L.W[QxU[7Lpt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovrqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<ppqxpvJ+sttprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotpwsq q 

ostptpJ+txpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqsrqv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LQ[J[L<outsruJ+rsqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqqrotu qq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvquÄĄotstrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxrwÄĄovqpro

O^Krptqpqq w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopptpsÄĄoqoxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpsrpÄĄ

ǜžqqtvsx t rMJ

oprtrpÄĄorputrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtwovÄĄoxpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrv(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ourpppJ+rquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ortvrv q (

J+pwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppqxpvJ+sttprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]rwsrtp w qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovtotpÄĄporrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptpsÄĄororqq

QĂžTqprruts u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvotÄĄpprqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwpsÄĄoroptv

Ç?Çłspsqvqq pp pMJ

pqtuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutoopÄĄowrpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupqsvtv pt qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;porrtqs qr sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^srrtqs po qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ourpotJ+rqutSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<outstoJ+rsqtqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ? OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

ostpsrJ+txpusqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+X S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourpotJ+rqutSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ 

Q[J[L<outstoJ+rsqtqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[  H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ourpotJ+rqutSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ostpsrJ+txpusqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppqxrqJ+sttqpqtSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppqxrqJ+sttqpqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourpotJ+rqutSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<ppqxrqJ+sttqpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostpsrJ+txpusqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b; Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovoutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosossoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpuqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxttqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?107


poX[7LxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUpx.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTpq.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/b=L.W[QpoU[7Lpu\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovtsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<oxopqoJ+rxsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louqpsr r 

<orppsvJ+ttttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovsvppJ+ursqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pousxto qs pMJ

otoxoqÄĄoutvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxpsÄĄppqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krpvpqrq x pMJ

oprwqwÄĄotovtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxqtÄĄortvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqswpr t sMJ

pqqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotottÄĄpprqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;porrqpr qr sMJ

9[TS[\HoqrosxÄĄorsxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrw(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ostqruJ+txpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otottt r (

popttqJ+pqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxopqoJ+rxsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rxsotv w qMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortpqrJ+qusttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTqpspvs u rMJ

ortvqxÄĄotstrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqproÄĄoxqvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłspsrxqt pp pMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqvoxÄĄpotottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvpwÄĄ

U\Lupqsxqu pt qMJ

pptspxÄĄoprtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrpspÄĄpoprooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^srrqpr po qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<orppsoJ+tttrtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<poptssJ+pqsustSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orppso J+tttrtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orppsoJ+tttrt SI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

orppsoJ+tttrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxopprJ+rxsoqvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poptssJ+pqsustSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxopprJ+rxsoqvt

SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<orppsoJ+tttrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovorooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosoossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?108


ppX[7LxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSpqX[7L>[ŃpxØ]KSQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]s@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUqo.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTpr.V[iuox…QcHpx/b=L.W[QppU[7Lpv\ƵTXĉ uv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ Q[J[L<ourstpJ+rrrrrqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovpxow s 

1ġSP[ÍMJ9SGOO\Oj[L<ovsvtuJ+urupt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

orsqqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;„U[PL\Oj[L<pqswttJ+pxwsqt

„@[T[9poqpxss qt pMJ

otoxquġoutvqv„Mj[-X[ġporrqxġopptro„Mj[(

O^Krpxrqt x pMJ

pooxow„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvoqġostwpv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrx(

I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊM_O­P[ÍMJ\Oj[L<oprtqpJ+tprst„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loupurx t (

<ourstpJ+rrrrrqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<otqrruJ+

„OT]rporwr w rMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtusvġoroqrpQbXŃbR[;\JL

QþTqpstvpq u rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrxqwġporrqx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqvprġ

Ǐdzspstprq pp pMJ

ostwpvġourxrr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptrttġoppqro„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qtpwsq t sMJ

U\Lupqtpq pt qMJ

S[ȉporqxr qr sMJ „9H^srqxr po qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oprtpsJ+tprqvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovswppJ+urutqtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[

<[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oprtpsJ+tprqvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oprtpsJ+tprqvtS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L XO[„L/\Oj[L<oprtpsJ+tprqvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ

\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oprtpsJ+tprqvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ourtouJ+rrrspoS I[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovswppJ+urutqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V :[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ourtouJ+rrrspoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oprtpsJ+tprqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loutxot„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxpsto„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lppquss„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprxsq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[ortusw„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louposu„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owowrq

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxsvrt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpppusr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqswpo„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrrq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwqv„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď109


pqX[7LxsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qoĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]t@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUqp.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTps.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/b=L.W[QpqU[7Lpw\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; uv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]L[;MÄ?Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<osptruJ+qvssqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howoxss t 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otqssrJ+orvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oxtosuJ+ppsqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pptqvt qu pMJ

otoxtpÄĄoutvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtpsuÄĄporrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krqotruo x qMJ

oworqrÄĄoxqvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroqsxÄĄorssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžquqxps t sMJ

otowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtpsuÄĄowststÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;porqttq qr sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpoprqwÄĄpptssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpusvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrw(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oooutoJ+svqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovquqp u (

osptruJ+qvssqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<orowtxJ+tstusvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpprtpo w rMJ

I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<ovooovJ+srsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTqptrvpu u rMJ

opptrwÄĄororrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostprqÄĄourxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłsptrsq pp pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpoxÄĄpprrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssstÄĄ

U\Lupqtqst pt qMJ

oworqrÄĄowstpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrqptÄĄpoprqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^srqttq po qMJ

portqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ooousrJ+svqpvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqsruJ+orutqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooousrJ+ svqpvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooousrJ+svqpvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osptqwJ+qvssqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otqsruJ+orutqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<osptqwJ+qvssqtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ooousrJ+svqpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LououtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?110


prX[7LxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSpsX[7L>[ŃqpØ]KSQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]u@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUqq.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTpt.V[iuox…QcHqp/b=L.W[QprU[7Lpx\ƵTXĉ uv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxoqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ „O\LSMS<oqovowJ+qqqqpo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtsou u 

sspqrt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]9SGO\G@„O\LSMS<oqovowJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<ovootrJ+srurqt„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<

„@[T[9pppxrwqu qv pMJ

opptst„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howstqoġpotppt„Mj[-X[ġpqptpqġ

O^Krqqsspq x qMJ

ouospqġoutwox„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hourxqsġovqpqq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qvrxtp u pMJ

outpqs„Mj[-X[ġostwptġourxqs„Mj[(9[TS[\Hourxqsġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxru(

WŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊ„SOH]S[\H<potppwJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrrox v (

qqqqpo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<opowouJ+sxtrrqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO

„OT]rpqrqpw w rMJ

osqpsuJ+tvtvsqt„Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrxtwġ

QþTqpupvpv u rMJ

oprxox„Mj[-X[ġoqqpowġorstot„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzsptpttt pp pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoprttwġorpvov„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpopuġ

U\Lupqtsrr pt qMJ

ovtwou„Mj[-X[ġortoqoġotoxoq„Mj[(

S[ȉporqqsp qr sMJ „9H^srqqsp po qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊS[\H<potpppJ+sspqpvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<opovtwJ+sxtrpqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\U í\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9

„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovoosvJ+srupvt SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<opovtwJ+sxtrpqtSI[+L[H

„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpv

pxqoqqqsquLíÊHS[\H<potpppJ+sspqpvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<potpppJ+sspqpvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ M[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<oqovooJ+qqqptoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oqovooJ+

qqqptoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovoosvJ+srupvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„O\LSMS<oqovooJ+qqqptoSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<potpppJ+sspqpvtSI[+L[H\JLJó[ „J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loutppq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxoutw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpppwtq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprptp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[orswtv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louoqts„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owooso

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxrxsq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppowtp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqsopv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqtsp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrort„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď111


psX[7LxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]v@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUqr.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTpu.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/b=L.W[QpsU[7Lqo\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pqpsroJ+pvrxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrrsw v 

9SGOO\Oj[L<pqpsroJ+pvrxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<ppqsto

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<optwrsJ+tptwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9orsorx p qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpospÄĄouosrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppttpÄĄoqoxst

O^Krqsrruo x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostpqxÄĄotstqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HororqsÄĄ

ǜžqwtorp u pMJ

pptstxÄĄopruosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopprowÄĄoqrptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]S[\H<oxtroqJ+spsttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxruto w (

J+strtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<osqqppJ+tvtwst

Â&#x201E;OT]rprqxqv w sMJ

\JLouosrtÄĄoxsoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworpxÄĄoxqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTqputvps u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqppwÄĄoworpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptqqÄĄororqs

Ç?Çłsptqwpq pp pMJ

orstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoprttÄĄpptstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupqtuqv pt qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;porpxro qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^srpxro po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<oxtqttJ+spstrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxtqttJ+ spstrtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

oxtqttJ+spstrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqpsqrJ+pvrxptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqpsqr

J+pvrxptSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<posppo J+prstvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqpsqrJ+pvrxptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtqtt J+spstrtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posppoJ+ prstvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxoroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtuss

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpposttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqruqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?112


ptX[7LxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qrĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUqs.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTpv.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/b=L.W[QptU[7Lqp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxtpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<pospsqJ+prsuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoporu w 

oxpuqsJ+soprpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pospsq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<oxrqtuJ+potrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;S[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opvrpt q qMJ

outwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsqoÄĄoppttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpprÄĄ

O^Krquqrpx x rMJ

ortvrrÄĄotstpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororspÄĄortvrr

ǜžqpoppt u qMJ

ostwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutqovÄĄowrrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqx(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oxrqtuJ+potrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lporwox x (

J+prsuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<poorttJ+sqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpsqurv w sMJ

pptrsrJ+susuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotppovÄĄ

QĂžTqpvrvx u sMJ

oxqvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrqxÄĄoqqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsptsorp pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprxrvÄĄoqqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpvoxÄĄ

U\Lupqtwqv pt qMJ

portsoÄĄpptsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;porpupx qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^srpupx po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<oxpurvJ+soprstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxrqtoJ+potrpqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrqto J+potrpqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxpurvJ+soprstSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxpurvJ+

soprstSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<oxpurvJ+

soprstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ \Oj[L<pospruJ+prsupqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrqtoJ+potrpqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pospruJ+prsupqtS I[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxrqtoJ+potrpqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppppooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orspouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotttopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtqsw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppootxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?113


puX[7LxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]x@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUqt.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTpw.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/b=L.W[QpuU[7Lqq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpopuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxrroqJ+potrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hposups x 

oxotsoJ+rxstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG;S\Oj[L<oxrroqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owtqooJ+xxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­S[\H<popoov

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppvrv r qMJ

-X[ÄĄoppuoqÄĄororsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvrpÄĄotstppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krqwpqu x sMJ

-X[ÄĄoprxtpÄĄorosopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuoqÄĄoqoxtq

ǜžqpppqs u qMJ

owrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruprÄĄorpvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqs(

JUQ]\Oj[L<owtqooJ+xxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpprwpo po (

potrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxowttJ+rxtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rptqrsx w sMJ

J+sqquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLovtrorÄĄporsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqpwpvo u sMJ

O[bS[S[\HourxopÄĄovqpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvqpÄĄpprrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłspttqts pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqptspÄĄpqtvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutqqxÄĄ

U\Luprorr pt qMJ

ovtvttÄĄoxputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;porprx qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^srprx po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxotrqJ+rxsstvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrqtsJ+potrqqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxotrqJ+

rxsstvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxotrqJ+rxsstvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrqtsJ+ potrqqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtptqJ+xxsoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxrqtsJ+potrqqtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<

oxotrqJ+rxsstvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owtptqJ+xxsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovswtr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?114


pvX[7LxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]po@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUqu.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTpx.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/b=L.W[QpvU[7Lqr \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpospO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owtpsqJ+xxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppqqpu po 

S[\H<oxqroqJ+soqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owsotsJ+wspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppsqwtt s qMJ

outxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsotvÄĄppqwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqxÄĄ

O^Ksoopw po pMJ

otpospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxtsÄĄortvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqpqqqtu u qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotprtÄĄpprrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttquÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;porxtw qr rMJ

oqrqssÄĄortpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpv(

59[JU]\Oj[L<owsotsJ+wspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqrvsx pp (

owtpsqJ+xxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsqqpJ+rwsttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpuqpp w sMJ

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxpqJ+rxrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpqooÄĄ

QĂžTqpwtusw u sMJ

otstosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqotwÄĄoxqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsoosÄĄ

Ç?Çłsputpx pp pMJ

oxqvqoÄĄpotprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwrqÄĄpqqqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprqst pt qMJ

oprupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrrsrÄĄpopsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^srxtw po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<oxqqttJ+soqvpvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtptwJ+xxttSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxqqttJ+

soqvpvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxqqttJ+soqvpvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owsosvJ+wsotoSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtptwJ+xxttSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsosvJ+

wsotoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owtptwJ+xxttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[

XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqqttJ+soqvpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owsosvJ+wsotoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpporoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsstv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?115


pwX[7LxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;quĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pp@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUqv.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTqo.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/b=L.W[QpwU[7Lqs \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9[\Q9[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<owsorxJ+wsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqooow pp 

otpqqv\Oj[LoxoosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

wsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsusvJ+rwtttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqvrsqu t qMJ

ovtrovJ+ruspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtwowÄĄ

O^Kspsvtq po pMJ

oppuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsppqÄĄporstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqprrrtq u rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostvtrÄĄourwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptstrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpo(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<oxooswJ+xqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvrs pq (

poporxJ+sqqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owsorxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvpwpt x pMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxooswJ+xqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HQ[J[L<

QĂžTqpxrurr u sMJ

orosrwQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpqqvÄĄoutxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporstuÄĄ

Ç?Çłspupvsw pp pMJ

oxqvpxÄĄpooxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvovÄĄostvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprtr pt qMJ

opprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;porusv qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^srusv po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovtropJ+ruspqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<poporqJ+sqqtpqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owsorpJ+wsopoS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovtropJ+ruspqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poporqJ+sqqtpqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<

poporqJ+sqqtpqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owsorpJ+wsopoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsorp

J+wsopoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxoporJ+xroqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b; Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsorpJ+ wsopoSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poporqJ+sqqtpqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxoporJ+xroqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovspop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqouoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?116


pxX[7LxsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUqw.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTqp.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/b=L.W[QpxU[7Lqt \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpprrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxoopqJ+xqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqspos pq 

.Ă?­[S[\H<ppqwroJ+strwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L<ovqppqJ+rtqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpoqsqu u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupsÄĄororrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostporÄĄourwqv

O^Ksrrssr po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpsqÄĄpprrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvoxÄĄ

ǜžqpssstp u rMJ

owoqtqÄĄowstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrspwÄĄpoptooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;porrru qr rMJ

porttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxop(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpqtt\Oj[LoxoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrvpp pr (

<oxoopqJ+xqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<oxqqoxJ+soqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwptro x pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotpqttÄĄovoopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtsopÄĄportow

QĂžTqqopupt v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqtqÄĄoxqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorostuÄĄorsvox

Ç?Çłspuropx pp pMJ

otpprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtsopÄĄowsvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Luprvqv pt qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpoptooÄĄppttspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpussÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^srrru po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9S[\H<ppqwqrJ+strwsoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxooqtJ+xqwstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppqwqrJ+strwsoS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppqwqrJ+strwsoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxooqtJ+xqwstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<ppqwqrJ+strwsoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxooqtJ+xqwstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtprrJ+pprtqtSI[+L[H W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxooqtJ+xqwstSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJS[\H<ppqwqrJ+strwsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxtprrJ+pprtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpottpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrvot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpostpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?117


qoX[7LxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pr@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUqx.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTqq.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/b=L.W[QqoU[7Lqu \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oxtosqJ+pprrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqttt

M^V½[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxtosqJ+pprrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rstvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLoxspsoÄĄoppupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqrop v pMJ

oqqrooÄĄorsvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouovoqÄĄovoosq

O^Kstqosw po qMJ

orpvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotprqrÄĄoutrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvrv

ǜžqptttts u rMJ

ÄĄotpqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtp(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<oppsswJ+toqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

pr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorrtsp ps (

poqusqJ+srrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<ovpqpvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxpqsu x pMJ

S[\HowsstxÄĄpotpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuptÄĄopsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTqqottts v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourwpsÄĄovqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłspusqtr pp qMJ

ÄĄourwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourwpsÄĄovtvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqsv

U\Luprxtv pt qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;poroqt qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sroqt po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovpqrqJ+rstvtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oppssqJ+toqvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtortJ+pprrS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovpqrqJ+rstvtqtSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oppssqJ+toqvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oppssqJ+toqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtort J+pprrSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ppoxqtJ+psswttSI[+L[H Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L< oxtortJ+pprrSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

\Oj[L<oppssqJ+toqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppoxqtJ+psswttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oposqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrrox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpospqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osorotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?118


qpX[7LxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ps@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUro.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTqr.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/b=L.W[QqpU[7Lqv \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ppowrrJ+pssustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpstw

U9^\L\Oj[L<ppowrrJ+pssustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JS[\H<pptusw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLouovqvÄĄoxsptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rtqrr w pMJ

-X[ÄĄoppuqoÄĄoqoxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqopvÄĄowoqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksvus po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorotrsÄĄorsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoptqsÄĄ

ǜžqpvvp u sMJ

oppsrqÄĄoqrrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwso(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<orqstqJ+ttquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG

ps O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losrpro pt (

J+susvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<ovqrrrJ+rtqspt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqopor x qMJ

owoqrtÄĄoxqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotprtpÄĄouovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqqprtro v pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpuqqÄĄorotrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostosuÄĄotssqq

Ç?Çłsputtqx pp qMJ

ppttttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttttÄĄopruquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Luprpqrq pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;poqtvpt qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sqtvpt po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orqssuJ+ttquvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ppowquJ+pssuqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orqssuJ+ttquvtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

orqssuJ+ttquvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ppowquJ+

pssuqvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ppowquJ+pssuqvtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orqssuJ+ttquvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqxpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxowpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqowtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?119


qqX[7LxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;roĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pt@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUrp.V[ixsP[SH]j\W\PTqs.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHro/b=L.W[QqqU[7Lqw \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<pqswsuJ+pwtuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orovrt

L[;\Oj[L<pqswsuJ+pwtuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<opsuooJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotpspxÄĄovopquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpvrup x pMJ

pprsoxÄĄoqqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvoqÄĄotssoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kswtoqt po rMJ

oqqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorputqÄĄostvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqv(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ottqpsJ+prrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

pt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotqrox pu (

tppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<ovtosoJ+rurotqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqpvqq x qMJ

portspÄĄoppuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoosÄĄoxqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTqqqptq v pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLororqxÄĄortvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopspppÄĄ

Ç?Çłspvww pp qMJ

outsstÄĄowrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportttÄĄppttpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpwpwpp u sMJ

U\Luprptpr pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;poqtss qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sqtss po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ottqovJ+prrpvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S

9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ottqovJ+prrpvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­C O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ottqovJ+prrpvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqswtxJ+pwtusoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottqovJ+prrpvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pqswtxJ+pwtusoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqswtxJ+pwtusoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqtpw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxosqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqosttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orttprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?120


qrX[7LxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;p3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUpX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTqt.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpX[z[L.W[QqrU[7Lqx \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssqtJ+qrssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osoqqw

\Oj[L<owqwpsJ+wqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqusvJ+rvtxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqxsptt x sMJ

ororqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortutsÄĄotsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvquÄĄ

O^Ksporrsv po sMJ

orouppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuqrÄĄoqoxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqpxqxqt u sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopruquÄĄorpusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtuttÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwps(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ottotsJ+proptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

pu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louoxst pv (

oqssqtJ+qrssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<orstpuJ+tupstvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqqssq x qMJ

I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLovttpxÄĄporttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqrÄĄ

QĂžTqqqtsrp v pMJ

ovpxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvopÄĄpprspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopspqsÄĄ

Ç?Çłspvqoto pp qMJ

pqpuruÄĄpqtxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLouttowÄĄowrtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprpvuo pt qMJ

oxpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;poqtotr qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sqtotr po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ottpoxJ+protqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owqwouJ+wqqtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[ WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ottpoxJ+protqtS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottpoxJ+protqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqwouJ+wqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottpoxJ+protqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsspwJ+qrsrstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsspwJ+qrsrstS I[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottpoxJ+protqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsspwJ+qrsrstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owqwouJ+wqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqpqq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxooqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqootxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?121


qsX[7LxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;q3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUqX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTqu.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqX[z[L.W[QqsU[7Lp \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;uv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprtpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osstrpJ+qwstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostvts

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<orsspwJ+tupqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<S[\H<oxouoxJ+rxrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sppssv po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortustÄĄotsrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxrsÄĄoxqutt

O^Kspqpuv po sMJ

ortustÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxquttÄĄpotpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqqososr v pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptupqÄĄopruquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrtssÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtx(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<owqutsJ+vtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

pv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loutppp pw (

osstrpJ+qwstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otsuooJ+pptrt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrqr x qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotptpvÄĄovoqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsqrrÄĄppqxqw

QĂžTqqrrrtw v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopspruÄĄotprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxtoÄĄ

Ç?Çłspvrrrs pp qMJ

ppqxqwÄĄpqqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotpsxÄĄpprspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprqotq pt rMJ

popttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrssoÄĄortsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;poqsvsq qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sqsvsq po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owqvowJ+vtxrvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<pporqrJ+psqxqtSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqvowJ+vtxrvtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpx qpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pporqrJ+psqxqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqvowJ+vtxrvtSI[+L[H <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osstqsJ+qwstpvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pporqrJ+psqxqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osstqsJ+qwstpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L< pporqrJ+psqxqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osstqsJ+qwstpvtS

I[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<

owqvowJ+vtxrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJQ[J[L<osstqsJ+qwstpvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pporqrJ+psqxqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouovtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LportrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqswruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpvqu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?122


qtX[7LxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;r3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUrX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTqv.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHrX[z[L.W[QqtU[7Lp Q^XSSQuw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpspxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<ousqtxJ+rrrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ottqrr

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otssspJ+ppqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\UOS[\H<oxsppqJ+sprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqrsuw pp sMJ

ovoqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporupoÄĄoppuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Ksprtvpx pp pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpurqÄĄostusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostusoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvsr(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ppoqpqJ+psqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

pw O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqwos px (

ousqtxJ+rrrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovrvsrJ+ttrso

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrtxqu x rMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxpxÄĄorousxQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotptsuÄĄ

QĂžTqqsprqp v qMJ

oxsqsuÄĄporupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxquswÄĄpooxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłspvsuqo pp qMJ

ouruswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttrrÄĄopptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqptqs v pMJ

U\Luprqrto pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;poqssrp qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sqssrp po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ppoqqtJ+psqurvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ousqtqJ+rrrvstSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<

ousqtqJ+rrrvstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppoqqtJ+psqurvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppoqqtJ+psqurvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ousqtqJ+rrrvstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ppoqqtJ+psqurvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/

Q[J[L<ousqtqJ+rrrvstSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otsstsJ+ppqtoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppoqqtJ+psqurvtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ousqtqJ+rrrvstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouosopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowpxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqssrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oropsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotptsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovprqx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?123


quX[7LxsQ[\S/bS/xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqvX[7L>[Ńs3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]px@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUsX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTqw.V[iuox…QcHsX[z[L.W[QquU[7LqQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ „Wń[<owqvoxJ+rvtvpt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loustrx qo 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovrustJ+ttppt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„Wń[<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO„R[;\WĭS[\H<pootosJ+sqqqt„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

„@[T[9tttprp pq rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoppuqqġororor„Mj[-X[ġossxstġouruqv

O^Ksptrvpv pp pMJ

„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hpotpsvġpprsqp„Mj[-X[ġorsxspġ

Ƕ¾qqrrqw v pMJ

owoprrġowssov„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrupwġpopupx„Mj[(

S[ȉpoqspqo qr rMJ

portto„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvqu(

MčQ]LíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]„O\LSMS<opqvqrJ+qoqvto„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howopqr qo (

owqvoxJ+rvtvpt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxpqroJ+xsxqt„Mj[

„OT]rqstuto x rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotpuptġovoqtu„Mj[-X[ġovtupvġporupx

QþTqqstqsp v qMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howoprrġoxquso„Mj[-X[ġorovowġorsxsp

Ǐdzspvtxw pp qMJ

otpssw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtupvġowsxrw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Luprquts pt rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopupxġpptuqp„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxpuoqġ

„9H^sqspqo po pMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „;[dz;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<opqvrxJ+qoqwroSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<

opqvrxJ+qoqwroSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S

„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<opqvrxJ+qoqwroSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[ J]í[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „J[9[L-9S[\L„Wń[<owqvqsJ+rvtvtqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<opqvrxJ+

qoqwroSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[<owqvqsJ+rvtvtqtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[ LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT

/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrurwJ+ttotvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ LíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<

opqvrxJ+qoqwroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owqvqsJ+rvtvtqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJ LíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Louooou„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lowpttq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpoqvst„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqsosr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[oqtvto„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lotppsv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovoxrr

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UH„WŁ[owswru„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpopvst„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hppsxpq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprsrs„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrxqx„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď124


qvX[7LxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;t3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qo@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUtX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTqx.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHtX[z[L.W[QqvU[7LrQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptpvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ S[\H<oxtoquJ+spqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loustrx qo 

\Oj[L<oxpprrJ+xsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxtoquJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrppÄĄoppuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Howsrtt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpwrrv pr rMJ

ortoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupoopÄĄovorpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

O^Kspvpttv pp qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotpussÄĄouturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostuoxÄĄouruot

ǜžqqspstt v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvov(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrspsJ+qtsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howopqr qo (

spqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½S[\H<popqqsJ+sqpxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqttspu x rMJ

ÄĄpotpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputxÄĄopsqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqssxÄĄ

QĂžTqqtrptv v qMJ

ouruotÄĄovpwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprupxÄĄorpupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłspwpptw pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouruotÄĄovtttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttqrÄĄotptpv

U\Luprror pt rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;poqrwpo qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sqrwpo po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsowJ+qtsrroSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<poqqssJ+pqsrsvtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqqssJ+

pqsrsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv

pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsowJ+qtsrroSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtosoJ+spqstoS I[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxppqvJ+xsusvtSI[+L[H

XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsowJ+qtsrroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxtosoJ+spqstoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowpptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotovtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovotrv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoprswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrtrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?125


qwX[7LxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;u3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUuX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTro.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHuX[z[L.W[QqwU[7LsQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<posvouJ+srsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrvov qp 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<poqptsJ+pqspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<posvou

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLoupoqvÄĄoxsrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uoqtrp ps rMJ

-X[ÄĄoppupwÄĄoqoxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwqqÄĄowopoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kspwtrpr pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorovstÄĄortoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopurxÄĄ

ǜžqqtququ v qMJ

opptssÄĄoqrtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourusw(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Q[J[L<otpupsJ+qxtvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrqpq qp (

J+srsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPS[\H<oxtwtoJ+spssqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqutpsr x sMJ

owopoqÄĄoxquqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpvprÄĄoupoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqqupppp v qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpvosÄĄorovstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossxprÄĄotsqqv

Ç?Çłspwqstp pp qMJ

pptuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptuqvÄĄoprupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Luprrrpv pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;poqrstx qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sqrstx po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otpuovJ+qxtvptSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otpuovJ+qxtvptSI[+L[H

prtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otpuovJ+qxtvptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł 9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<posutxJ+ srssqtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<posutxJ+srssqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<posutxJ+ srssqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<poqqowJ+pqsqpvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<posutxJ+srssqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotorttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovopsp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpooxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?126


qxX[7LxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;v3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUvX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTrp.V[iuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHvX[z[L.W[QqxU[7Lt Q^XSSQuw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<ppprqxJ+sssxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqvqu qq 

9SG;S\Oj[L<pposowJ+psqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<ppprqxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotpvsqÄĄovosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporussÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upqtxsu pt qMJ

oqqtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorttsuÄĄotsqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

O^Ksqoqwtx pp rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpttrÄĄosttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutvqsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louruqv(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Q[J[L<ouqxotJ+rqtwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxopso qq (

sssxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ǜžS[\H<oxqptsJ+soporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqvsxpq x sMJ

oppuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwopÄĄoxqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprsqsÄĄ

QĂžTqqutoqq v rMJ

\JLoroqruÄĄorttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsqrtÄĄoqqtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłspwrvst pp qMJ

owrvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportrwÄĄppttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqurwp v qMJ

U\Luprrurv pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;poqrpsw qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sqrpsw po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ouqxqoJ+rqtxtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouqxqoJ+rqtxtSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQ[J[L<ouqxqoJ+rqtxtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppprssJ+sstotSI[+L[H

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouqxqoJ+ rqtxtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<ppprssJ+sstotSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppprss

J+sstotSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pposopJ+psqtsvtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ouqxqoJ+rqtxtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H <ppprssJ+sstotSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotswpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutvsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoottuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?127


roX[7LxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;w3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qr@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUwX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTpX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHwX[z[L.W[QroU[7Lu Q^XSSQuw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpussO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ S[\H<ppowtuJ+ssrutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxpvqo qr 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ppptosJ+pstqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppowtuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLovtvrqÄĄporutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuppÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqtswpu pu qMJ

ovpvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxquopÄĄpprsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqsuÄĄ

O^Ksqqrx pp rMJ

pqpvppÄĄpqtxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutvsvÄĄowrvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqvsxrw v rMJ

oxptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louruot(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Q[J[L<ovpqotJ+rssssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxrotr qr (

ssrutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqoqwJ+rvrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqwsusq x sMJ

oroqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttrpÄĄotspssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourstpÄĄ

QĂžTqqvqxqx v rMJ

orowqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuppÄĄoqoxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłspwtosp pp qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopruouÄĄorptspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovttotÄĄ

U\Luprsoq pt rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;poqqwrv qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sqqwrv po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovpptvJ+rsssqqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ovpptvJ+rsssqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovpptvJ+rsssqqtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopq pspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovpptvJ+rsssqqtSI[+L[H

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovpptvJ+rsssqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<ppoxppJ+ssrvqvtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ppptpwJ+pstqstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpptvJ+rsssqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<ppoxppJ+ssrvqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutrtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpooqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?128


rpX[7LxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;x3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUxX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTqX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHxX[z[L.W[QrpU[7LvQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<porsrqJ+srxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoovto qs 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pottqrJ+pspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<porsrq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpwspÄĄovossvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vwtqpq pv qMJ

ovpvptÄĄoxqtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqtvÄĄotpvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksqrrtrt pp sMJ

potprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpproopÄĄpqqrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqqxppx v rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrvrvÄĄpopvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrurpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtsp(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[Q[J[L<ovqssvJ+rtptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoopos qs (

J+srxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Q[J[L<outsrrJ+rrtxso

Â&#x201E;OT]rqxssps x sMJ

oxsrttÄĄpproopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttpuÄĄotspqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTqqwwrr v rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxpoÄĄorttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqtsxÄĄ

Ç?Çłspxrrx pp qMJ

potprqÄĄpprsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppturrÄĄopruopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprsrrr pt rMJ

ortutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;poqqtqu qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sqqtqu po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovqssoJ+rtpstvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovqssoJ+

rtpstvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovqssoJ+rtpstvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<porsqsJ+srxpvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S

W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/S[\H<porsqsJ+srxpvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pottpuJ+pspqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovqssoJ+rtpstvt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJS[\H<porsqsJ+srxpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoowotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousxtt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?129


pP[JxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;po3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUpoX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTrX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpoX[z[L.W[QpP[ȢwQ^XSSQuw \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpX[7LxsQ[\S uwvvqs /LW[/LW[ J+puqxqvt <pptrSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxrprwJ+sorpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppoooo qt 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<poourtJ+pptwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HQ[J[L<otottxJ+qxquuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqqpptw pw qMJ

ovotoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvotÄĄoppuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Ksqtupo pp sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorptptÄĄostsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostsrtÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtpv(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Q[J[L<ovoxquJ+rsrtrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporrrq qt (

oxrprwJ+sorpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owtorvJ+wsvqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]sospsw po pMJ

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoopqÄĄorowtvQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpxppÄĄ

QĂžTqqwsvrs v rMJ

oxssouÄĄporvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqtrvÄĄpoowrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłspxpurx pp qMJ

ourrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttsxÄĄoppupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžroprr v sMJ

U\Luprsvw pt rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;poqqqpu qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sqqqpu po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovoxpxJ+rsrtqoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<oxrprqJ+sorotqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<oxrprqJ+sorotqtSI[+L[H\QI^L

99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovoxpxJ+rsrtqoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ovoxpxJ+rsrtqoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxrprqJ+sorotqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxrprqJ+sorotqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L< poouquJ+pptwvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovoxpxJ+rsrtqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxrprqJ+sorotqtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotruroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosswpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousttx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opppooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?130


qP[JxsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pp3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qu@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUppX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTsX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHppX[z[L.W[QqP[ȢxQ^XSSQuw\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]M\OĂ&#x160;[bS[ML]M^Ă&#x160;J[59[JU].\@9[ÄĄĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwpqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owospvJ+rutprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpptssx qu 

M_O­[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owtpotJ+wswrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtuqxJ+qsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wtsvr px qMJ

porvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppttuÄĄoropsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvrvÄĄ

O^Ksqurssu pp sMJ

ortqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpqpÄĄpprsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrpqsto v sMJ

9^\T9S[\HovtxqtÄĄowsqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrwovÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;poqpxt qr rMJ

oxpsrwÄĄportpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourstp(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Q[J[L<ouqxpuJ+rqtruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppoxsu qu (

owospvJ+rutprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovpqouJ+srxtqt

Â&#x201E;OT]sprxqr po pMJ

Ă&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpxsoÄĄovotroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtwqtÄĄ

QĂžTqqxqurq v rMJ

ourrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtxqtÄĄoxqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroxptÄĄ

Ç?Çłspxqxsp pp qMJ

ortqpsÄĄotpwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtwqtÄĄowtpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprtosx pt rMJ

popvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvqoÄĄppturrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^sqpxt po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ouqxoxJ+rqtrsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ouqxoxJ+rqtrsqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouqxoxJ+rqtrsqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owospoJ+rutpptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owospoJ+

rutpptSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owtotxJ+wswpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owospoJ+rutpptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpooopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqprpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousqoq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?131


rP[JxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pq3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qv@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUpqX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTtX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpqX[z[L.W[QrP[ȢpoQ^XSSQuw\X@S] Q^W\TQMSO.\@QXSQ.ÇśS[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<oupuorJ+rqpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqtror qv 

M_O­[V[i[Q[J[L<otqwppJ+roqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otpstpJ+txstrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpxrupp qo qMJ

\JLoxssqtÄĄoppttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsqouÄĄpotppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqwppu pq pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouprooÄĄovottqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourqtvÄĄ

ǜžrqrusp v sMJ

otqooxÄĄoutxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostrtpÄĄourqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loursqs(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqoox\Oj[LoxssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptpqx qv (

<ovpqtuJ+ssptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<oupuorJ+rqpxst

Â&#x201E;OT]sqrutx po pMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<pqqxssJ+pvtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTrotqv v sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpvqoÄĄopsrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqquqxÄĄortqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłspxsqss pp qMJ

ovpuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtrxÄĄorpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Luprtsrt pt rMJ

ourqtvÄĄovtrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvtwÄĄotpwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;poqptts qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sqptts po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<otqworJ+ropxstSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otptovJ+txsupqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otptov J+txsupqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S

prsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otqworJ+ropxstSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqo qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otqworJ+ropxstSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otqworJ+ropxstSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VQ[J[L<oupttuJ+

rqpxqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oupttuJ+rqpxqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovpqtoJ+ sspsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

otqworJ+ropxstSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<oupttu J+rqpxqvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqoxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourwou

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oporovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orowoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?132


sP[JxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pr3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUprX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTuX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHprX[z[L.W[QsP[ȢppQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ospppvJ+qvurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optssp qw 

Ă&#x2DC;OG[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otptsrJ+txsvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tspuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<oxswpsJ+ppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xrrvqq qp rMJ

\JLouprquÄĄoxssrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtwrxÄĄoxqstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksqxqtrp pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovptrqÄĄovtwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvqpÄĄoroxsx

ǜžrrswrs w pMJ

ortqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvrsÄĄppturqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrtu(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[Q[J[L<ospopqJ+qvrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsopx qw (

Q[J[L<ospppvJ+qvurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ororrtJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]srrsrw po qMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<outssrJ+rtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTrosspx v sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqorwÄĄouprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptsrÄĄoqowro

Ç?Çłspxttsw pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossutpÄĄotrxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroxsxÄĄ

U\Luprtwqv pt rMJ

ppturqÄĄoprtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppurxÄĄoqrvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;poqpqsr qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sqpqsr po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ospootJ+qvrrvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ospootJ+qvrrvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ospootJ+qvrrvtSI[+L[HP[H

H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L Q[J[L<osppoxJ+qvupvtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ospootJ+qvrrvtS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osppoxJ+qvupvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L< oxswovJ+ppwsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Q[J[L<ospootJ+qvrrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<osppoxJ+qvupvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqotqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosruqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourspo Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqtxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orosouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?133


tP[JxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSuP[J>[Ńps3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qx@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUpsX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTvX[7Luox…QcHpsX[z[L.W[QtP[ȢpqQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ „O\LSMS<optsptJ+qpqqsvt„Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrqv(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LíÊØOG[„O\LSMS<oqrxtwJ+qrpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

outtrrJ+rtuqt„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL\Oj[L<ortsqwJ+tuqqvt

„@[T[9xpvsvtx qq rMJ

porvquġopptrt„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovptosġoxqsrv„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Ktosvqo pq qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoropopġortrss„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopsrssġ

Ƕ¾rtorp w pMJ

outxtwġowrwsx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hporsswġppttsu„Mj[(

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oqtwro qx  K\LƊ[9SGO\G@„O\LSMS<optsptJ+qpqqsvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ \Oj[L<oosqptJ+swqprt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;„WgP[;½\Oj[L< O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprvpv qx ( „OT]ssrqpw po qMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLotqpowġovours„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTrpqrw v sMJ

pprsppġoqqutt„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLortrssġotrxpo„Mj[(

Ǐdzsqowts pp rMJ

oqqutt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpsppġostroq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupsqqr pt rMJ

S[ȉpoqxrq qr rMJ „9H^sqxrq po pMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<oqrxtoJ+qrpustSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ortsssJ+tuqqsvtSI[+L[H9^Ŧ

S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ortsssJ+

tuqqsvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[

„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<oqrxtoJ+qrpustSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt

pupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<optsqxJ+qpqrqqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/„O\LSMS< optsqxJ+qpqrqqtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJ LíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<outtqvJ+

rttsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„O\LSMS<optsqxJ+qpqrqqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oqrxtoJ+qrpustSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lotqosw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovrurq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxswqv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqopqt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[oqpwrq„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Losrqqw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourops „Mj[(9^ŦS[\UH„WŁ[owoxpv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxrwqt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hppoxtq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqttpt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroopp„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď134


uP[JxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pt3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUptX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTwX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHptX[z[L.W[QuP[ȢprQ^XSSQuw \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TLT\QTĂ&#x2DC;[OL]M_\G­Q[S[:]M_\G­Q[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqooxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<pproooJ+ptqotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losoptu ro 

opoqrpJ+pxpqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGOO\Oj[L<pproooJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxopsqJ+xxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqstt qr rMJ

swspqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLovtxrrÄĄporvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktqurs pq qMJ

O[bS[S[\HourppxÄĄovpsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqsqoÄĄpprsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrupqro w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvqqÄĄopoorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovooqoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;poquqq qr rMJ

ovtqqtÄĄoxprrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqtv(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<oxopsqJ+xxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqspto ro (

ptqotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<popttpJ+sqptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]stqxuo po qMJ

orttspJ+tuqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ootorxJ+

QĂžTrqptr v sMJ

-X[ÄĄopptquÄĄoroossÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrqrÄĄotrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqoqqq pp rMJ

-X[ÄĄopsrtqÄĄorpoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopptquÄĄoqowot

U\Lupsuqs pt rMJ

owrxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprtppÄĄorprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^squqq po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoqqtJ+pxppuoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ppqprvJ+pstwsvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppqxtrJ+

ptqosoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoqqtJ+pxppuoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppqprvJ+pstwsvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxoptuJ+xxrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppqprvJ+

pstwsvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ppqxtrJ+ptqosoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[ :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxoptuJ+xxrtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppqxtrJ+ptqosoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoqqtJ+pxppuoSI[+L[HXO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxoptuJ+xxrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ppqprvJ+pstwsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owotqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppottuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqtppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

vP[JxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pu3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rp@^T[/uwvO[+T[bJUpuX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTxX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpuX[z[L.W[QvP[ȢpsQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?135


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqorwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxoqtsJ+xppuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotoptr rp 

\Oj[L<ppqqrtJ+ptppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oxsrtuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

xppuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovsxotJ+ruvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popuqssu qs rMJ

oxsuswJ+sppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqqouÄĄ

O^Ktrqrr pq rMJ

otrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpsosÄĄoxqsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssooÄĄ

ǜžrvqsrr w qMJ

oxqsorÄĄpotosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpproowÄĄpqqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;poqrpp qr rMJ

oprtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrxpuÄĄpopvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqqt(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<ouruqqJ+rsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ortpqw rp (

potrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxoqtsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]suqvsr po qMJ

\Oj[L<ouruqqJ+rsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[S[\H<

QĂžTrqsoru v sMJ

ovovptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsstxÄĄpproowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortropÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqortpo pp rMJ

otqorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqovtqÄĄortropÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lupsporo pt rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotosqÄĄpprsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuqtÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^sqrpp po pMJ

oqrwpoÄĄortxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ppqqqvJ+ptotqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ouruptJ+rspoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxsrswJ+

potrqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[  \Oj[L<oxoqsuJ+xppsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L< ouruptJ+rspoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpo

pqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppqqqvJ+ptotqtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxsrswJ+potrqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<oxoqsuJ+xppsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppqqqvJ+ptotqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouruptJ+rspoS I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsrswJ+potrqtSI[+L[H K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxoqsuJ+xppsoSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppqqqvJ+ptotqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouruptJ+rspoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxoqsuJ+xppsoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouruptJ+rspoS

I[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxoqsuJ+xppsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ppqqqvJ+ptotqtSI[+L[H XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ouruptJ+rspoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsrswJ+

potrqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqporxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owopqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppoqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqsvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?136


wP[JxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pv3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]p.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUpvX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTpoX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpvX[z[L.W[QwP[ȢptQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ourvrtJ+rvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottuow p 

\Oj[L<oxsssuJ+pottqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<owpqtw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otqupvJ+roxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pposrtx qt sMJ

rrqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoossÄĄorpotu

O^Ktsrurs pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstouÄĄporvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqrssÄĄ

ǜžrwrurx w qMJ

ostpsqÄĄourooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttrwÄĄoppvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourptr(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ospvrqJ+tvpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otoqru p (

J+vsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG;S\Oj[L<ourvrtJ+rvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]svqtqx po rMJ

ospvrqJ+tvpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HQ[J[L<ousursJ+

QĂžTrrpxpt v sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqqrtÄĄovovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvruÄĄopptov

Ç?Çłsqoswqo pp rMJ

poovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorprptÄĄostpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupspssp pt rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;poptxuo qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sptxuo po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxssrxJ+pottpoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owprpqJ+vtqoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourvqwJ+rvpqtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxssrxJ+pottpoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owprpqJ+ vtqoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ourvqwJ+rvpqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxssrx J+pottpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owprpqJ+vtqoSI[+L[HL^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourvqwJ+rvpqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxssrxJ+ pottpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourvqwJ+rvpqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ospvqtJ+tvpttqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourvqwJ+rvpqtSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxssrxJ+pottpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ospvqtJ+tvpttqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owprpqJ+vtqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppsxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqousrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqsrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqswqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ototorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?137


xP[JxsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;px3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]q.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUpwX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTppX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpxX[z[L.W[QxP[ȢpuQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqprvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ospwqqJ+tvpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loussps q 

\Oj[L<owprswJ+vutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<outspuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpqowJ+qsrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppstxs qu sMJ

J+qupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotqrosÄĄovovtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kttsutv pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄossssoÄĄouqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtuqwÄĄoxqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrxswsw w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortssoÄĄotqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowooqpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;poptusx qr rMJ

owrxspÄĄpopvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvtxÄĄpptupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourppx(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<oqoxqxJ+tptstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loupqqq r (

rsusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ospwqqJ+tvpwpt

Â&#x201E;OT]swqrpu po rMJ

oqoxqxJ+tptstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrts

QĂžTrrtvtp w pMJ

-X[ÄĄowooqpÄĄporvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppstvÄĄoqtxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqpprp pp rMJ

-X[ÄĄorpppqÄĄortssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotoqqÄĄpprrto

U\Lupspwtu pt rMJ

owtqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtuqwÄĄowrxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^sptusx po pMJ

9[TS[\HoxpqrrÄĄporsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owpsorJ+vvqvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<outsoxJ+rsuroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpsorJ+vvqvtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpsorJ+vvqvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outsoxJ+ rsuroSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpsorJ+vvqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<outsoxJ+

rsuroSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqoxqr J+tptsrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owpsorJ+vvqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqoxqrJ+tptsrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<outsoxJ+rsuroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[

XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppstsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqssquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otopowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?138


poP[JxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qo3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]r.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUpxX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTpqX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqoX[z[L.W[QpoP[ȢpvQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ooputuJ+svpqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqvou r 

ottpssJ+pxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppppw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opppsoJ+pxropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqxuso qv sMJ

potoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvpuÄĄopssqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqvttÄĄ

O^Ktutrtw pq sMJ

ouqwtsÄĄovpqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprsqrÄĄorpqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrppotx w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqwtsÄĄovtorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosooqvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louross(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<outsstJ+rsvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovpxro s (

J+pxqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ooputuJ+svpqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sxqpt po rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstqoÄĄoppsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrxrqÄĄ

QĂžTrsruqs w pMJ

orttooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupttsÄĄovowpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłsqppssq pp rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotqrrrÄĄovopsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostossÄĄouqwts

U\Lupsqrpv pt rMJ

otqqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;poptrrw qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sptrrw po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<outstxJ+rswrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ottprvJ+pxSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j

OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<outstxJ+rswrtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outstxJ+rswrtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ottprvJ+pxSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outstxJ+rswrtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oopusxJ+svppuoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outstxJ+rswrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oopusxJ+svppuo SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ottprvJ+pxSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovputrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppspsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouporuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovsxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?139


ppP[JxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qp3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]s.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUqoX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTprX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqpX[z[L.W[QppP[ȢpwQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqrtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<possrqJ+srqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howouqo s 

J+pporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]\Oj[L<otoxstJ+txqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

possrqJ+srqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<posspoJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oprrtp p sMJ

O½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLoupupwÄĄoxstquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovttroÄĄ

O^Ktvtvqr pq sMJ

oppsrsÄĄoqoutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpptqÄĄovttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrpqprps w rMJ

9^\T9S[\HorppsrÄĄorttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwovÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;poptoqv qr rMJ

oppvprÄĄoqrxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louroox(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<ottqpr

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowqsoq t (

9`\ÄĄ9[9SG;S\Oj[L<ppqwouJ+ptpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Â&#x201E;OT]spopwtu po sMJ

prqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<owrrtqJ+vtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTrtpsts w pMJ

oxqqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqsopÄĄoupupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqpqvtt pp rMJ

pqpvpsÄĄorppsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossrspÄĄotrttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupsqvsq pt rMJ

pptuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptuowÄĄoprspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^sptoqv po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ottqouJ+ppopqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otoxtxJ+txqrsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottqouJ+ppopqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<otoxtxJ+txqrsqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottqouJ+ppopqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otoxtxJ+txqrsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<possqsJ+srqotvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otoxtxJ+txqrsqtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<possqsJ+srqotvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L< ottqouJ+ppopqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<

possqsJ+srqotvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HL X[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosowtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouousoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovstsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?140


pqP[JxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qq3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]t.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUqpX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTpsX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqqX[z[L.W[QpqP[ȢpxQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrosO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<oxrtrqJ+soqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howsrrx t 

ostqrtJ+twrwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pooutqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxppqtJ+xqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<owrrtx

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oquswpr r pMJ

XV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotqsroÄĄovowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvssÄĄ

O^Ktwtuuo pq sMJ

oqqwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortotwÄĄotrtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžrprqtrq w sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorppsxÄĄossxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoqqrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxrq(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<otpopqJ+txqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqusu u (

ppstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxrtrqJ+soqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]spppusx po sMJ

J+vtrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<ousspoJ+rpvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTrttrqp w pMJ

oppsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpppvÄĄoxqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrqxÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqpspx pp rMJ

oqtwsuÄĄortotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssrsÄĄoqqwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupsrqpq pt rMJ

owsopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporrqsÄĄppttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;popsvpv qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^spsvpv po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxrtsuJ+soqwpoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ostqsxJ+twrxrtSI[+L[HO`V

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ S[\H<oxrtsuJ+

soqwpoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ostqsxJ+twrxrtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxrtsuJ+

soqwpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ostqsxJ+twrxrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

oxrtsuJ+soqwpoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrspqJ+vtsptS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxrtsuJ+ soqwpoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostqsxJ+

twrxrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovoxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosostuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouoqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovspsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?141


prP[JxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qr3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUqqX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTptX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqrX[z[L.W[QprP[ȢqoQ^XSSQuw \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;S@Ĺ&#x2030;[Ć&#x2020;Q]@Ĺ&#x2030;

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtspsJ+rwsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqosq u 

\Oj[L<otorroJ+txtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owsstrJ+wpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppopvtw s pMJ

txsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLowopqqÄĄporvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktxtqrq pq sMJ

O[bS[S[\HouquttÄĄovpospÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqqopÄĄpprrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrpsrvtq w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvovÄĄopootrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoqsrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;popssu qr rMJ

ovswtxÄĄoxpposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwts(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<ostroqJ+twsovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqwrq v (

oxpprpJ+xquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtspsJ+rwsrvt

Â&#x201E;OT]spqpssr po sMJ

O½[<[H\Oj[L<ousspvJ+rpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<otpvrpJ+

QĂžTrurpss w pMJ

-X[ÄĄoppsowÄĄoqtwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortorpÄĄotrssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqptsqr pp rMJ

-X[ÄĄopsssoÄĄorpqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppsowÄĄoqoupu

U\Lupsrusu pt rMJ

owsoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprrspÄĄorppquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^spssu po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<otorqqJ+txssvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oussrpJ+rpwtoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otorqqJ+

txssvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

otorqqJ+txssvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtsqxJ+rwsrstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oussrpJ+rpwtoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtsqxJ+

rwsrstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otorqqJ+txssvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovototÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosopooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osstqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?142


psP[JxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qs3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]v.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUqrX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTpuX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqsX[z[L.W[QpsP[ȢqpQ^XSSQuw \X@S]Â&#x201E;;[9^T[Ć&#x2020;Q]LbĹ [¢WO

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrpqJ+rwpsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtwtu v 

\Oj[L<otsspuJ+osttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owsxqoJ+wqwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqrrqv t pMJ

tvqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotqtqvÄĄovoxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktposrsu pr pMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpoosÄĄoxqprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssstÄĄotqsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpttopu w sMJ

posxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxswÄĄpqqptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;popsott qr rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsorwÄĄpopwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrxrsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwpt(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<otorpsJ+txsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqxtr w (

owssrwJ+wpvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrpqJ+rwpsqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]sprpqso po sMJ

XV­G\Oj[L<otpvpuJ+txrxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<osptopJ+

QĂžTrvpot w qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxstsqÄĄppqxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortoosÄĄotrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqqvrx pp rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqottvÄĄortoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqprwÄĄ

U\Lupsspqt pt rMJ

posxqoÄĄpprrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptttoÄĄoprrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^spsott po pMJ

osopswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrosJ+rwpsqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<otsspoJ+ostrvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owsstqJ+

wpwrqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrosJ+rwpsqt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqo qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otsspoJ+ostrvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<otsspoJ+ostrvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrosJ+rwpsqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owsstqJ+

wpwrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrosJ+ rwpsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otsspo J+ostrvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovoppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxproqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppquoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovrrts Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxoroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?143


ptP[JxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qt3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]w.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUqsX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTpvX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqtX[z[L.W[QptP[ȢqqQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxoqsuJ+rxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hporxrx w 

<outtpxJ+rsqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owswsq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxqssqJ+xttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9quroro t sMJ

I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;S[\HopootsÄĄorpqsqQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Ktpproqs pr pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstsvÄĄporvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqppsÄĄ

ǜžrpvqsq x pMJ

ossworÄĄouqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttooÄĄoppvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvrt(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<otsrspJ+ossqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqross x (

J+wqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxoqsuJ+rxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]spsporx pp pMJ

ospssuJ+tvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<orrurtJ+ttqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrvswqq w qMJ

otqtttÄĄovoxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvstÄĄopprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqqqott pp rMJ

pootpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorporuÄĄossworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupssuw pt rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;poprvss qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sprvss po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<otsrtsJ+osstvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<outtppJ+rsqSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsrtsJ+osstvtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq qsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otsrtsJ+osstvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

outtppJ+rsqSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otsrtsJ+

osstvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

outtppJ+rsqSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<outtppJ+rsqS

I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxorooJ+rxqsqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L< otsrtsJ+osstvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<

oxorooJ+rxqsqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outtpp J+rsqSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqxtw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpororrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?144


puP[JxsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qu3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]x.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUqtX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTpwX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHquX[z[L.W[QpuP[ȢqrQ^XSSQuw \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]-Ĺ&#x2021;J[-@59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqstxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<oxtrpuJ+spvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppqrsx x 

<owrtroJ+vtprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGOO\Oj[L<oxqsouJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<orqptuJ+tssvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpxprsu u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopprqtÄĄoqtvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossotxÄĄouqssv

O^Ktpqpqpr pr pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposwtpÄĄpprqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortutvÄĄ

ǜžrpwptpp x pMJ

ovtqswÄĄowrusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsotxÄĄpopwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;poprsrr qr rMJ

porqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqutt(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<outssqJ+rsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opropw po (

xtspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxtrpuJ+spvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sptwrx pp pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotquqrÄĄovpopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoqosÄĄporvst

QĂžTrwqurv w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtqswÄĄoxqotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpqtuÄĄortutv

Ç?Çłsqqrspp pp rMJ

otqstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoqosÄĄowtrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lupstott pt rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopwpvÄĄppttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoxtoÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^sprsrr po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<outsrtJ+rsoroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orqptoJ+tssvqvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

owrtqrJ+vtpqoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ

O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[ S[\USH[ \Oj[L<outsrtJ+rsoroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ 

\Oj[L<orqptoJ+tssvqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqps

pupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outsrtJ+rsoroSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<owrtqrJ+vtpqoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<outsrtJ+rsoroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owrtqrJ+vtpqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<outsrtJ+rsoroSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxtrqxJ+spvstSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrtqrJ+vtpqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtrqxJ+spvstSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outsrtJ+rsoroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtrqxJ+spvstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owrtqrJ+vtpqoSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxotpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?145


pvP[JxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qv3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]po.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUquX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTpxX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqvX[z[L.W[QpvP[ȢqsQ^XSSQ uw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ S[\H<pppptpJ+ssqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqpptq po 

\Oj[L<owrsrpJ+vsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<orqvsxJ+ttpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpsrqr v sMJ

poswruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpusvÄĄopsstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqxosÄĄ

O^Ktpqswtt pr pMJ

ouqsoqÄĄovowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprqrtÄĄoroxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpxqvsr x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqsoqÄĄovsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoqsuÄĄotqtqv

O^SH/Q[J[Louqupr(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotqutp\Oj[LoxstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvpt pp (

poqxooJ+pqrtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<pppptpJ+ssqqro

Â&#x201E;OT]spuusq pp pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstttÄĄopprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrupxÄĄ

QĂžTrxssw w qMJ

ortvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupwsoÄĄovpoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłsqqsvqw pp rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotqutpÄĄovosooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossutrÄĄouqsoq

U\Lupsttsv pt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;poprpqr qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sprpqr po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owrsqsJ+vswtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<posoqsJ+prqsqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U

\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owrsqsJ+vswtqtSI[+L[HO`V 99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrsqs

J+vswtqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posoqsJ+prqsqtSI[+L[Hpqs uwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<

owrsqsJ+vswtqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppppsrJ+ssqqpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/ S[\H<ppppsrJ+ssqqpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrsqsJ+vswtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppppsrJ+ssqqpoSI[+L[H

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< posoqsJ+prqsqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqqot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqowosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqprooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?146


pwP[JxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qw3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pp.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUqvX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTqoX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqwX[z[L.W[QpwP[ȢqtQ^XSSQ uw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ootrouJ+swrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oporqx

-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG;S\Oj[L<pptxqvJ+puqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tttupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoupxorÄĄoxsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpspqx w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppqtsÄĄoqosrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovqvÄĄovtprw

O^Ktprqopt pr qMJ

otrprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorprqrÄĄortvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžrqosopw x qMJ

9[TS[\HoppvquÄĄoqsopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtro(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<porxrrJ+prortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

pp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorqopo pq (

ootrouJ+swrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<ortopsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spvssu pp qMJ

S[\HovtprwÄĄoxpxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqvpxÄĄoupxor

QĂžTrxsqtt w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuspÄĄorprqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrxsxÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqrost pp rMJ

popwpwÄĄppttpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttpwÄĄoprqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luptoss pt rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;popqwpq qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^spqwpq po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<porxqtJ+proptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<porxqtJ+proptSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porxqtJ+proptSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpv pxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porxqtJ+

proptSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ootrooJ+swrrtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<porxqtJ+proptSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ootrooJ+swrrtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoustqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orspqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovpwox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqosoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?147


pxP[JxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qx3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUqwX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTqpX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqxX[z[L.W[QpxP[ȢquQ^XSSQ uw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oqsxtoJ+trqruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optvru

Q<[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsxqpJ+qotrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tvpwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvsuÄĄovpposÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqupoto x rMJ

-X[ÄĄpprqpxÄĄoqqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsvrsÄĄotrotq

O^Ktprsttw pr qMJ

oqqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorowsxÄĄosstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqssv(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporrxJ+pwtxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

pq O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losowov pr (

<oqsxtoJ+trqruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<osqrsx

Â&#x201E;OT]spwqtr pp qMJ

-X[ÄĄporvsoÄĄoppqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovousuÄĄoxpxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpoqpo w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqttttÄĄorsvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstouÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqrpsr pp rMJ

ovosrvÄĄowspqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporpqwÄĄpptsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqptqtu x qMJ U\Lupttss pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;popqtp qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^spqtp po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporrqJ+pwtxqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S 9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporrqJ+pwtxqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oporrqJ+pwtxqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporrqJ+pwtxqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L I[bL/\Oj[L<oqtootJ+trqsrvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporrqJ+pwtxqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oqtootJ+trqsrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppouqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovpspt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqotowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?148


qoP[JxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ro3\Vb9UQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pr.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUqxX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTqqX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHroX[z[L.W[QqoP[ȢqvQ^XSSQ uw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqutpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<ostrorJ+twrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqtqsr

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortosuJ+qttuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tvptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<otopqoJ+twtprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9swpsrv po rMJ

oqttqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvoqÄĄotrooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqpsrÄĄ

O^Ktpstto pr qMJ

orprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqqoÄĄoqortsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžrqrtru x qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoprpsoÄĄorowqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsstqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsoq(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrwpoJ+qtqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

pr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostott ps (

ostrorJ+twrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<osqqqvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spxpq pp qMJ

W[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLowoqtuÄĄporvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppqqoÄĄ

QĂžTrpotxq w rMJ

ovouosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpxotÄĄpprqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstoxÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqrqvqp pp sMJ

pqpuqwÄĄopooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovosttÄĄowspruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luptposw pt rMJ

oxowooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;popqpto qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^spqpto po pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrwqtJ+qtqtqvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrwqtJ+qtqtqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L

\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrwqtJ+qtqtqvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrwqtJ+qtqtqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ostqtvJ+twrosoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrwqtJ+qtqtqvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostqtvJ+ twrosoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppoqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovpopx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?149


qpP[JxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqqP[J>[ŃpMijL[PQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]ps.;ƆuwvO[+T[bJUroX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTqrX[7Luox…QcHpT[+OL.W[QqpP[ȢqwQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<ostpsqJ+twqvrqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orsvqw

Q[J[L<oupsrpJ+rptsrt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSN[ǵL]9SGL[;\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<outqspJ+rqwtqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;\Wĭ

„@[T[9sqopupu pp rMJ

opwqt„Mj[I[+L[HǶP-Q`HbR[;\JLotqwspġovpprx„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Ktpspxso pr qMJ

ovotqpġoxpwrw„Mj[-X[ġopstppġotqvpx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rqspwpx x rMJ

posvqx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxosġpqqorr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[ȉpoppwrx qr rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowspstġpopwpu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqsosrġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrpv(

Ñ\HMJ\Oj[L<outqspJ+rqwtqt„Mj[I[+L[H\ƻH]j[LíÊM_O­N[ǵL]

ps O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotqxoq pt (

ostpsqJ+twqvrqt„Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢöQ[J[L<ottrpvJ+rppro

„OT]spxtxpq pp qMJ

\Oj[L<otooqqJ+twsxpqt„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<otruqpJ+

QþTrpprvo w rMJ

oxsuouġppqxos„Mj[-X[ġorsuqxġotqxqv„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdzsqrsorx pp sMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLoqorrpġorsuqx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpwrwġ

U\Luptpttv pt rMJ

posvqxġpprpts„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptsswġoprpqo„Mj[(

„9H^sppwrx po pMJ

ososop„Mj[(

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L 1ǚS;H[S[Wš[HQ[J[L<oupssuJ+rpttpqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otrupsJ+opvstSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U …OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrupsJ+ opvstSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprsu

vpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<oupssuJ+rpttpqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr qtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<oupssuJ+rpttpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[„L/\Oj[L<outqttJ+rqxqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/

QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚQ[J[L<oupssuJ+rpttpqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outqttJ+rqxqvtSI[+L[H \ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outqttJ+rqxqvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Q[J[L<ottroxJ+rpppo SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<

oupssuJ+rpttpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<outqttJ+rqxqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lourrrw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowstrp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpotwrp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH „OL^9[opptrv„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orqxrr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotqvqo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovouqr

„Mj[(Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owrtro„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpooutw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpptqqp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optvpt„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprtu„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď150


qqP[JxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqrP[J>[ŃpMijL[PQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pt.;ƆuwvO[+T[bJUrpX[7LxsP[SH]j\W\PTqsX[7Luox…QcHpT[+OL.W[QqqP[ȢqxQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ \Oj[L<outpspJ+rquqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossotw

„Wń[<owsqttJ+rwsqvt„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[9SGOO\Oj[L<outpsp

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<owrxsqJ+vttpvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;W[K½

„@[T[9tqpxqq pq qMJ

pqovt„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;S[\Hopoosrġorpspt

O^Ktpsqvpw pr qMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuowġporvrq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpwoxġ

Ƕ¾rqtrpt x rMJ

ossrstġouqoov„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptrtvġoppvqs„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqrp(

\ƻH]j[\Oj[L<owrxsqJ+vttpvt„Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]

pt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louorqp pu (

J+rquqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovsvtpJ+rtsusvt„Mj[

„OT]sqotvqt pp rMJ

\Oj[L<otrtqpJ+optrqt„Mj[I[+L[HǶP\Oj[L<ouoprwJ+

QþTrpqpstt w rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotqxowġovpptu„Mj[-X[ġporvrqġopppsr

Ǐdzsqrtrtw pp sMJ

pooqso„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorovqqġossrst„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Luptqpx pt rMJ

S[ȉpopptqx qr rMJ „9H^spptqx po pMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H„Wń[<owsqswJ+rwspoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH„Wń[<owsqswJ+ rwspoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<

outprrJ+rquqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„Wń[<owsqswJ+

rwspoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owrxrsJ+vtstvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[<SS 9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outprrJ+rquqtS

I[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V„Wń[<owsqswJ+rwspoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrxrsJ+vtstvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ 8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outprrJ+rquqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrxrsJ+

vtstvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otrtpsJ+optptSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<outprrJ+rquqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ„Wń[<owsqswJ+rwspoSI[+L[H L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ \Oj[L<owrxrsJ+vtstvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Louqxsr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowspru„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpotsrt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH „OL^9[opppso„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orqtrv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotqrqs„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovoqqv

„Mj[(Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owrprs„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpoorop„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hppswqu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optrpx„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospoop„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď151


qrP[JxsQ[\S/bS/xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqsP[J>[ŃqMijL[PQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pu.;ƆuwvO[+T[bJUpP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTqtX[7Luox…QcHqT[+OL.W[QqrP[ȢpQ^XSSQuw \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ \Oj[L<owrwspJ+vtqst„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otrqtu

„9gTO\Oj[L<owrwspJ+vtqst„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<oxqtowJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HǶ¾\Oj[L<ouppqwJ+psrrvt„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ-Q`HbR[;\JL

„@[T[9tpsqvqr pr qMJ

opppqsġoqtsoq„Mj[-X[ġosrusoġoupxpv„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ktpsqwrv pr qMJ

QbXŃbR[;S[\Hposutqġpprpqw„Mj[-X[ġortxoqġotqwps

Ƕ¾rqusrts x sMJ

owrrot„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqopġpopwpr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpsr(

H`H]j[LíÊXƚ[S[\H<potsqsJ+srrqqt„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SG

pu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lourstt pv (

rxswtqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;ǶP\Oj[L<ouoorxJ+ppvso„Mj[

„OT]sqpttso pp rMJ

otqxrtġovpqpr„Mj[-X[ġoworrpġporvqw„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTrpqtqsv w rMJ

ovswqxġoxpvso„Mj[-X[ġorpsqvġortxoq„Mj[(

Ǐdzsqsvpu pp sMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoworrpġowtsto„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovswqxġ

U\Luptququ pt rMJ

popwprġpptsqu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxourqġporoox„Mj[(

S[ȉpoppqpw qr rMJ „9H^sppqpw po pMJ

O^KO\¾/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twpttvt

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[S[\H<potspvJ+srrpstSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHS[\H<potspvJ+ srrpstSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<owrwrtJ+vtqroSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<potspvJ+srrpstSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <S

W[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pootsqJ+ppqxpqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrwrtJ+vtqroSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrwrt

J+vtqroSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pootsqJ+ppqxpqtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[V M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouoorpJ+ppvqoSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT

/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owrwrtJ+vtqroS I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<potspvJ+srrpstSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pootsqJ+ppqxpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Q[\S94

M[\ď152


TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotpxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Loutwro

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osouosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qsP[JxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;rMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pv.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUqP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTquX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHrT[+OL.W[QqsP[ȢqWNSuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<poosswJ+ppqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqrrx pw 

9SG;S\Oj[L<poosswJ+ppqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

psqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<ouopqwJ+ppvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqusrrs ps qMJ

posurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptttÄĄopstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqxtvÄĄ

O^Ktpsqrrs pr qMJ

oupwqvÄĄovorowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopropwÄĄorouqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqvtusu x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupwqvÄĄovsqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosostsÄĄotqwsp

O^SH/Q[J[Louqotu(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<oosqqxJ+swoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovossu pw (

porwsoJ+sqtprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<ouposxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sqqtrtv pp rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsupoÄĄopppotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrqroÄĄ

QĂžTrprroru w sMJ

ortxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqpptÄĄovpqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłsqsqors pp sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotroopÄĄovouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossqqsÄĄoupwqv

U\Luptrpsu pt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;popxv qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^spxv po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<porwtsJ+sqtqpqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oosqqqJ+svtxstSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ S[\H<porwtsJ+

sqtqpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oosqqqJ+svtxstSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pootosJ+ppqvrvtS I[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppotppJ+prtusvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouposqJ+pspsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pootosJ+ppqvrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oosqqqJ+svtxstS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppotppJ+prtusvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oportoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Loutsrs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppsorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?153


qtP[JxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;sMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pw.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUrP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTqvX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHsT[+OL.W[QqtP[ȢrWNSuw \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];bLU>H^I­]\W\Ä­\OL[bj9M_@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<pposrxJ+prttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqrrx pw 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pposrxJ+prttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppqrss

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<otqwosJ+txtqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uxposu pt pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotroqwÄĄouqpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppostÄĄoqoptr

O^Ktpspqpq pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrtpxÄĄotquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpstoÄĄ

ǜžrqxxso x sMJ

pptsoqÄĄopqxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvpxÄĄoqspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqoov(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<oqoqqxJ+tppwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovossu pw (

J+sssrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<ouoosxJ+ppttqt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqrtqpu pp sMJ

\JLouqpruÄĄoxsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsvowÄĄoxpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTrpswqq w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoqqqÄĄovsvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptstÄĄorpsto

Ç?Çłsqsrrtr pp sMJ

ortxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwoxÄĄpptsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Luptrvpp pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;popttu qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^spttu po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oqoqqqJ+tppwsoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqoqqqJ+tppwsoSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pposrrJ+prttpqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqoqqqJ+

tppwsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pposrrJ+prttpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouoosqJ+pptrt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pposrrJ+

prttpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< oqoqqqJ+tppwsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoupvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoutorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?154


quP[JxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;tMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]px.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUsP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTqwX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHtT[+OL.W[QquP[ȢsWNSuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<pprspuJ+ptwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovprsp px 

O[TO\Oj[L<pprspuJ+ptwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<pprvroJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<osrorqJ+tvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqptppu pu pMJ

S[\HovopruÄĄoxpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprossÄĄoqrooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktprtsrw pr qMJ

orsrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstpwÄĄoqrooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžsoqqrv po pMJ

9[TS[\HpoqxorÄĄpptrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxpv(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<oqtptsJ+trqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrsop px (

stpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<otqvsvJ+txtqpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqstorv pp sMJ

\JLotrotsÄĄovpropÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvpsÄĄoppoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTrpssus w sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsrrsÄĄotqtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtqrpÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqssvpp pp sMJ

orotpvÄĄosspopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovourwÄĄowsqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luptsqrw pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;popqst qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^spqst po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<pprvssJ+stpvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqtqowJ+trqqSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H<pprvssJ+stpvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S 9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqtqowJ+

trqqSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pprsqxJ+ptwtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqtqowJ+trqqSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqtqowJ+trqqSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

pprsqxJ+ptwtvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pprsqxJ+ptwtvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ \Oj[L<oqtqowJ+trqqSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoususrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?155


qvP[JxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;uMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qo.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUtP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTqxX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHuT[+OL.W[QqvP[ȢtWNSuw \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]OTbJOJ[1S@bĹ&#x2030;[¢WO

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotroopO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pprqtsJ+ptrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowortr qo 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pprqtsJ+ptrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppqorwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<orowrqJ+tsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vssurx pv pMJ

-X[ÄĄorsqtwÄĄotqstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupttqÄĄovoosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktprrpv pr qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoppoorÄĄoqopopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqptqtÄĄ

ǜžsprtru po pMJ

opqxpoÄĄorosssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsoowÄĄoxosqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwqv(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<orppqsJ+tspopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howorsr qo (

ssrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<osropsJ+tvqvpt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqtsxp pp sMJ

\JLowosptÄĄporvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppoorÄĄoqtqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrptqrsr w sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxptrxÄĄpproqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstpwÄĄorptpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqtoqw pp sMJ

opooqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoutsÄĄowsqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Luptswpo pt rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pootxrt qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sotxrt po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orpprwJ+tspostSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orpprwJ+tspost SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orpprwJ+ tspostSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pprrowJ+ptsroSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprrowJ+ptsroSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppopouJ+

prssqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<pprrowJ+ptsroSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

orpprwJ+tspostSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppopouJ+prssqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ 

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoupoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orottxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotorstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owppttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?156


qwP[JxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;vMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qp.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUuP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTroX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHvT[+OL.W[QqwP[ȢuWNSuw \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]T\TH[WĹ&#x152;Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotroqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ppoppvJ+prsstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowttow qp 

O\G@\Oj[L<ppoppvJ+prsstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<porspvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotrpsuÄĄovprrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsupo

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpvtvst pw pMJ

ÄĄoxptooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstopÄĄotroopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Ktprqp pr pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvtuÄĄpqpwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpostooÄĄ

ǜžsqswrw po pMJ

owsqrsÄĄpopvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsppuÄĄosotrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvru(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<oroqqwJ+trsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrtor qp (

sqrvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<opqrqwJ+sxrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]squsvqu pq pMJ

ÄĄppqvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqqoÄĄotqsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtxtx

QĂžTrpuppx w sMJ

oqoortÄĄorsqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxptooÄĄpostooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqtprsu pp sMJ

pproooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrqqÄĄopqwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupttrst pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pootuqs qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sotuqs po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oroqqpJ+trsuqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pooosoJ+pppqptSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<pooosoJ+pppqptSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oroqqpJ+trsuqvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppoppoJ+

prssrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oroqqpJ+trsuqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pooosoJ+pppqptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppoppoJ+prssrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppoppoJ+prssrtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pooosoJ+pppqptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppoppoJ+prssrtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oroqqpJ+ trsuqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pooosoJ+pppqptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LououovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqswouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S94

M[\Ä?157


qxP[JxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;wMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qq.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUvP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTrpX[7LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHwT[+OL.W[QqxP[ȢvWNSuw \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[Ć&#x2020;Q]Ă&#x2DC;]Q\HS[K[S[L]S@SQ\JL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrotsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<pooppsJ+ppprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxswqq qq 

oqqvrwJ+tqpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L<pooppsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owrtrrJ+vrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpqsrr px pMJ

orptppQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrqpqÄĄovprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporutvÄĄ

O^Ktpqqvsv pr pMJ

oxpsqvÄĄoxtxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLororrvÄĄosrwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsspsr po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupust(

LOQ]\Oj[L<owrtrrJ+vrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxoxqo qq (

ppprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxqppuJ+rxrrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]sqvstts pq pMJ

pppvpqJ+ssqrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxttÄĄ

QĂžTrpurwtq w sMJ

opoxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuoxÄĄporutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłsqtqvr pp sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrwtpÄĄoupsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptqpvÄĄoppusx

U\Lupttxqs pt rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pootrpr qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sotrpr po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oqqvrpJ+tqpwpvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqqvrpJ+tqpwpvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poopovJ+ppprqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS

\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqqvrpJ+tqpwpvtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owrtqtJ+vrwqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L< poopovJ+ppprqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrtqtJ+vrwqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

poopovJ+ppprqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqqvrpJ+tqpwpvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owrtqtJ+vrwqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouoqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqssoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoursttÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?158


roP[JxsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;xMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qr.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUwP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTpP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHxT[+OL.W[QroP[ȢwWNSuw\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<owruqoJ+vsoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lposspt qr 

\Oj[L<oproswJ+sxttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ousxqsJ+rpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wptupp qo pMJ

otrqrvÄĄovpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowosssÄĄporutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktppsxs pr pMJ

ovsrrrÄĄoxprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorptqpÄĄosoorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžstpstp po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowosssÄĄowttquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsrrrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pootoq qr rMJ

popvtoÄĄpptqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqrvÄĄpoqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupttq(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ousxqsJ+rpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxswoo qr (

owruqoJ+vsoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovstprJ+rtrqrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqwssqs pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtqrqJ+rwqotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrpvpuqp x pMJ

opowtvÄĄoqtoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrpsuÄĄouprppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłsqtsoqo pp sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposspuÄĄppqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoorqÄĄotrots

U\Luputu pt rMJ

owqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqstÄĄpopvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^sotoq po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oprosqJ+sxttpqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oprosqJ+sxttpqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owrupqJ+vsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oprosqJ+sxttpqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ousxrwJ+rpqrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oprosqJ+sxttpqtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrupqJ+vsoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousxrwJ+

rpqrqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrupqJ+vsoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oprosqJ+sxttpqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ousxrwJ+rpqrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?159


rpP[JxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;poMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qs.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUxP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTqP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpoT[+OL.W[QrpP[ȢxWNSuw \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]\OÇ&#x2C6;9Q­[M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<outoppJ+rprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsror qs 

\Oj[L<oopuooJ+susvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ossusrJ+twspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqxpr qp pMJ

oxsuovÄĄopowrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqwotÄĄposrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktppurt pr pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouqrrxÄĄovpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupqpuÄĄ

ǜžsuqwp po qMJ

otrroqÄĄovovtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrvqqÄĄoupqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupstx(

59[JU]\Oj[L<ossusrJ+twspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporqrt qs (

outoppJ+rprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ottoqtJ+rossroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sqxsqtu pq pMJ

Q[J[L<oupqssJ+rpsopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrpvtrsv x pMJ

pqpsquÄĄopsstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroptÄĄosooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqttrru pp sMJ

outvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvrrÄĄoroqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupupotq pt rMJ

oupqpuÄĄovrvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosouqvÄĄotrpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;poosutp qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sosutp po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ottopwJ+rosspqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oopupsJ+suswSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ottopw J+rosspqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S

qstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oopupsJ+suswSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqp

qrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oopupsJ+suswSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oopupsJ+suswSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ossurtJ+twrtqtSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outoqtJ+rpsroSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ossurt J+twrtqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<outoqtJ+rpsroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oopupsJ+suswSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossurtJ+twrtqtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowoupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpopxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosswopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppproqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?160


p.\LjLxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSq.\LjL>[ŃpqMijL[PQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qt.;ƆuwvO[+T[bJUpoP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTrP[Juox…QcHpqT[+OL.W[Qp.\XȤpoWNSuw \X@S] W[+¾[\ļX\QH/rpP[JxsQ[\S uwvwqs I[+>[ J+pvrpso <pqrqSWQj  Ø]O[QL@jļ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqpqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ \Oj[L<ossvroJ+twupo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqssox qt 

otrrqv\Oj[Loxsuot„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊØOG[S[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

twupo„Mj[I[+L[HOO„O\LSMS<orsotrJ+qtpxrvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9xpruto qq pMJ

„O\LSMS<orqpotJ+qsrovt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Ktpoqppq pr pMJ

owqvquġoxtwox„Mj[-X[ġpqpspsġopsstv„Mj[-X[ġ

Ƕ¾svspps po rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosropvġotqosx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horptspġ

S[ȉpoosrso qr rMJ

pptqqsġopqvow„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoppuruġoqspso„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsot(

ǚz[JU]\Oj[L<oqrpsuJ+tqqtsvt„Mj[ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqspx qt (

poswrtJ+srwtqt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<ossvroJ+

„OT]tosprp pq qMJ

O[TO\Oj[L<oqrpsuJ+tqqtsvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;-\H;Ě

QþTrpwrppo x pMJ

ouqrtxġowttrr„Mj[-X[ġpqpvsoġorrxsu„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdzsquutp pp sMJ

oqropxġotrpsu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosropvġotqosx„Mj[(

U\Lupupusp pt rMJ

osopor„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvsoġpptqqs„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^sosrso po pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[S[\H<poswqvJ+srwrqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHS[\H< poswqvJ+srwrqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<

poswqvJ+srwrqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L

XO[„L/\Oj[L<oqrprwJ+tqqtqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ >[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqrprwJ+tqqtqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqrprwJ+tqqtqvtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<orqpqoJ+

qsrostSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poswqvJ+srwrqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqrprwJ+tqqtqvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lottoqr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowoqpu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpoptpu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqrqqp„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[oqsupx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Losssot„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Louqrov„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovtqpu„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxqrsr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hppoxou„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppsop„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrosq„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď161


q.\LjLxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSr.\LjL>[ŃprMijL[PQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qu.;ƆuwvO[+T[bJUppP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTsP[Juox…QcHprT[+OL.W[Qq.\XȤppWNS uw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqrvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ooowtsJ+suqvrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[opstsw qu 

9SG„9gTO„O\LSMS<opqprvJ+pxroqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

pvopo„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<oxptssJ+xpsso„Mj[I[+L[HU_T

„@[T[9xqvqoso qr qMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howqusuġppqwrs„Mj[-X[ġoqroqrġorptto

O^Ktxrrto pq sMJ

oqroqr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroppuġosrtto„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louprpp(

>H^SJU]LíÊK\LƊ[S[\H<oxpqoxJ+rxust„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqrqv qu (

ooowtsJ+suqvrt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<pqqprpJ+

„OT]tpsow pq qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrtqġovpsss„Mj[-X[ġowttrvġppqutt

QþTrpxwro x pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswsoġorrxou„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopsstuġ

Ǐdzsquqou pp sMJ

ovowquġowsroo„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpoquotġpptppw„Mj[(

Ƕ¾swtsqx po rMJ

U\Lupuqqrs pt rMJ

S[ȉpoosoro qr rMJ „9H^sosoro po pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<pqqpqqJ+putxsvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<oxpqqqJ+rxvpvtSI[+L[H9^Ŧ

S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqqpqqJ+

putxsvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[

„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHS[\H<oxpqqqJ+rxvpvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspu pvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<oxpqqqJ+rxvpvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oooxoxJ+suqwpqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS „íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oooxoxJ+suqwpqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġ MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pqqpqqJ+putxsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxpqqqJ+rxvpvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oooxoxJ+suqwpqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lotsuqw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovtwqp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpoppqo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqqwqv„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[oqsqqq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lossoox„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Loupxpq„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovswqo„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxpxsv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hppotpo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppoot„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqusu„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď162


r.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;psMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qv.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUpqP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTtP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpsT[+OL.W[Qr.\XȤpqWNS uw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrroqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxsroxJ+soqrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqpu(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Q[J[L<ovrqqxJ+rsturqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<oxputrJ+xpvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popprxqo qs qMJ

ouqsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpstwÄĄppqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowquouÄĄ

O^Ktwstro pq sMJ

orpttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvosÄĄotrqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžspovsv po sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqprsxÄĄpqtxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovowspÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;poorvpx qr rMJ

ovrstpÄĄoxooptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqstrr qv  M_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<poturuJ+prqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H< oxsroxJ+soqrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owroqvJ+vqoqt O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqwsu qv ( Â&#x201E;OT]tqrwsu pq qMJ

\Oj[L<oupoqsJ+propvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrspvÄĄ

QĂžTrpxstsu x pMJ

oxpprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtvppÄĄpqprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsstsÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqurrqo pp sMJ

ouoxqwÄĄowquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovqrÄĄoptvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupuqwqx pt rMJ

owsrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqupuÄĄoroosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^sorvpx po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ovrqqqJ+rstuptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ovrqqqJ+rstuptSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovrqqqJ+rstuptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxsrqrJ+soqrsvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;

Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxpusuJ+xpvptS I[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<

ovrqqqJ+rstuptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxsrqrJ+soqrsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouptpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppoppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?163


s.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;ptMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qw.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUprP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTuP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHptT[+OL.W[Qs.\XȤprWNS uw\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]QÄ°[;OH@jÄź]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovpxprJ+rsqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorspot qw 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owrpprJ+vqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<oupppoJ+prqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqttxpw qt qMJ

ouqstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptpqÄĄowotqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuprÄĄ

O^Ktvtvpt pq sMJ

orpuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqstvÄĄovptpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžsppqpv po sMJ

9^\T9S[\HposqpxÄĄppqvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptpruÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;poorsw qr rMJ

oqsptsÄĄosovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louppqo(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJQ[J[L<ottrrqJ+roswvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrvrx qw (

ovpxprJ+rsqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouoxopJ+pqtsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]trrvqw pq rMJ

\Oj[L<orovrsJ+trtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrssqÄĄ

QĂžTrqoqqtx x qMJ

opoutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutsoxÄĄovrxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpporÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqusurr pq pMJ

optvpsÄĄosqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppquqwÄĄpqpussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupursqw pt rMJ

opqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsroxÄĄpopvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^sorsw po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ottrstJ+roswsoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ottrstJ+roswsoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovpxqvJ+rsqqttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ottrstJ+

roswsoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Q[J[L<ottrstJ+roswsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovpxqvJ+rsqqttS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottrstJ+roswsoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovpxqvJ+rsqqttSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouppqtJ+prqtoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottrstJ+roswsoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpxqvJ+rsqqttSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotrwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoorqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovsoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxppttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?164


t.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;puMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qx.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUpsP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTvP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpuT[+OL.W[Qt.\XȤpsWNSuw \X@S]MjT[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;X\QT \MH`MĂ­  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrtqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<otopsrJ+qwrvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrppv qx 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ouoxsvJ+pqvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tttqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<oopprsJ+surppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppopvp qu rMJ

orrvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrpvÄĄoxtuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqqÄĄ

O^Ktvpou pq sMJ

oxstttÄĄporuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpoqvÄĄoxtuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspqrsro po sMJ

ouovrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptoroÄĄoppupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoqs(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJQ[J[L<osqospJ+qutstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsvpt qx (

Q[J[L<otopsrJ+qwrvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ortuprJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tsrupp pq rMJ

I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtouÄĄovptquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptussÄĄ

QĂžTrqpow x qMJ

orpupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoqooÄĄotrrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsqutxst pq pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoqtxquÄĄosrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrrroÄĄ

U\Lupusoro pt sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;poorotv qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sorotv po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<osqottJ+quttrqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupoopJ+pqwpvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqottJ+

quttrqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osqottJ+quttrqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otopruJ+qwrvptSI[+L[H L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otopruJ+qwrvptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otopruJ+

qwrvptSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< oupoopJ+pqwpvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<osqottJ+

quttrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otopruJ+ qwrvptSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotrsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H pqtwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?165


u.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUptP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTwP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpvT[+OL.W[Qu.\XȤptWNSuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrspvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtssqJ+qrpwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotpuqu ro 

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtssqJ+qrpwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rxrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtroÄĄouqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqsqxq qv rMJ

-X[ÄĄosququÄĄouourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqqsÄĄoxttspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktuqtr pq rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowotsrÄĄowttswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrwprÄĄ

ǜžsprsvtu pp pMJ

popvpoÄĄpptporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowtwqsÄĄpoqspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxqw(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwsoJ+qrqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osttso ro (

<optustJ+totrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?OS[\H<oxqtpwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ttrstv pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄovptrxÄĄoxsttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuotÄĄorruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqprvps x qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqprowÄĄorpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoqpsÄĄotrrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqvpqtv pq pMJ

owqsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsrpvÄĄpopvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupusurt pt sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pooqvsu qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^soqvsu po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwrrJ+qrqwrvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<oxqtppJ+rxrtpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtstvJ+

qrpxrvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ S[\H<oxqtppJ+rxrtpqt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwrrJ+qrqwrvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtstvJ+qrpxrvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwrrJ+

qrqwrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtstvJ+qrpxrvtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtstvJ+qrpxrvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ( Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtstvJ+qrpxrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwrrJ+qrqwrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqpqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouorqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovrqrv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?166


v.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pwMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rp.;Ć&#x2020;uwvO[+T[bJUpuP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTxP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpwT[+OL.W[Qv.\XȤpuWNSuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrssqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporrpJ+pwsoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottvso rp 

PSG]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporrpJ+pwsoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtttÄĄouqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9owrqpr p rMJ

-X[ÄĄosqtrxÄĄouotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtwsxÄĄoqrorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kttsrq pq rMJ

ovpttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouotruÄĄoutprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžsptpqs pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄosrptsÄĄouotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouotruÄĄovrpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louowrp(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optpssJ+qosortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louoqps p (

oopsttJ+survroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HQ[J[L<outqqoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]turrst pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄovpttqÄĄoxstsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptstÄĄorrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqqpspv x qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrorwÄĄorpurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqttrÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqvquv pq pMJ

opqsqwÄĄoqtwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrtttÄĄovoxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Luputqsr pt sMJ

-X[ÄĄosowpqÄĄotrspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pooqsru qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^soqsru po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optptwJ+qosppoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< optptwJ+qosppoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optptwJ+qosppoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T

:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporqrJ+pwrxsqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprprtJ+pssxpoSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporqrJ+pwrxsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optptwJ+qosppo SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pprprtJ+ pssxpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqowsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqwso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpostrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orovouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?167


w.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pxMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUpvP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTpoP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpxT[+OL.W[Qw.\XȤpvWNSuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<pprqouJ+pstoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loururs p 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pprqouJ+pstoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLouqupqÄĄowtttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqqqrsw q rMJ

pqpqsoÄĄopsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrosoÄĄotrssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kttstr pq rMJ

otpsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpuspÄĄosoqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžspupstt pp pMJ

9[TS[\HopptttÄĄoqsqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovrr(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opotooJ+pwsqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovovpv q (

pottopJ+srpvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L<osrupxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tvrqrt pq sMJ

pqptqtÄĄorrstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqqrwÄĄoxtsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrqqtppv x qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosqstpÄĄotpsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqstpÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqvrxpu pq pMJ

poputuÄĄpptoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptoqwÄĄopqsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luputwtr pt sMJ S[Č&#x2030;pooqpqt qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^soqpqt po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opostqJ+pwsqqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<potsttJ+srpvroSI[+L[H

O`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[ \OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ S[\H<potstt J+srpvroSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq

prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opostqJ+pwsqqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opostqJ+pwsqqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <opostqJ+pwsqqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprptxJ+pstopoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqspxJ+pqoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprptxJ+pstopoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<poqspxJ+pqoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotttrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqsss

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ororpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?168


x.\LjLxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSpo.\LjL>[ŃqoMijL[PQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]q„WbŋǃSuwvO[+T[bJUpwP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTppP[Juox…QcHqoT[+OL.W[Qx.\XȤpw WNSuw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<poqsqxJ+pqoqt„Mj[I[+L[HVƊ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovpssr q 

W\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊ9`\ġ9[\Oj[L<pqsprwJ+pvsrpvt„Mj[

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

S[\H<pooosrJ+spp„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxssroJ+

„@[T[9puprx r rMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H\W\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrusrġovpupw„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Ktsrpqo pq rMJ

oqrosrġorpusw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqssqwġorrspt„Mj[(

Ƕ¾spvqwqw pp qMJ

osropu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpootġowsrqv„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louourt(

\Oj[L<oxssroJ+popxqvt„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowppqv r (

I[+L[H„S[\XG]9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<poqsqxJ+pqoqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S

„OT]twrpqw pq sMJ

popxqvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;OÅ„O\LSMS<oqsoosJ+qqrxqqt

QþTrqrqwpr x rMJ

owtttsġppqtpv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howqptuġppqupx„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzsqvtqqr pq pMJ

9^\T9S[\Hopssrvġoqrosr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqtuttġ

U\Lupvtv pt sMJ

poqqtuġppsxqq„Mj[(

S[ȉpoopwps qr rMJ „9H^sopwps po pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pqsprpJ+pvsquoSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqsqpJ+pqotSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<pqsprpJ+

pvsquoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqsprpJ+pvsquoSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oxssqrJ+popxpoS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqsqpJ+pqotSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxssqrJ+

popxpoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ( \Oj[L<poqsqpJ+pqotSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pqsprpJ+

pvsquoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxssqrJ+popxpoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ .\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovroto„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxsrsw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpqoots„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[oqpstp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lospqrx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lottpsp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqosw„Mj[( „QVS[\UH„WŁ[owtqpu„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hporvrx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqsqrr„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtxpt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otptop„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď169


po.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qpMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUpxP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTpqP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqpT[+OL.W[Qpo.\XȤpx WNSuw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxssppJ+popwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtrrw r 

pqstrvJ+pvtqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxssppJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxrsqxJ+xtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppxqsqq s rMJ

ouqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpurpÄĄppqtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqpprÄĄ

O^Ktsqtv pq rMJ

orputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxpxÄĄotrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžspwsqs pp qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpqpoÄĄpqtwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpopwÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pooptr qr rMJ

ovqxptÄĄowtttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotru(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<oxrsqxJ+xtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxptpp s (

popwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxrtrqJ+rxtvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]txroqq pq sMJ

opouowJ+pwsrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvovÄĄ

QĂžTrqstt x rMJ

oxovqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtrruÄĄpqpqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssrrÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqwtro pq pMJ

ouoqrxÄĄowqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoposquÄĄoptsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupvppqr pt sMJ

owsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqrosÄĄoqtupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^soptr po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<pqstrpJ+pvtqSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxrsqoJ+xtrqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxssqtJ+popxptS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrsqoJ+xtrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqstrpJ+pvtqSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqstrpJ+pvtqSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oxssqtJ+popxptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxssqtJ+popxptSI[+L[HH[T:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrsqoJ+xtrqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 

9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxssqtJ+popxptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT

/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqstrpJ+ pvtqSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrsqoJ+xtrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosowsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovputq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqttpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otppotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?170


pp.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qqMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUqoP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTprP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqqT[+OL.W[Qpp.\XȤqo WNSuw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrupxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxrsowJ+xtqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howrsso s 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxowJ+pxptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxtuouJ+posuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqrppw t rMJ

\JLotrvrpÄĄouqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpussÄĄowouqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktrsops pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxousvÄĄorpvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqvovÄĄovpuss

ǜžspxttsq pp qMJ

pqpsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HporxqpÄĄppqtrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;poopptq qr rMJ

9[TS[\HoqsqqpÄĄosoxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosrw(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oxtuouJ+posuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpopwqw t (

oxrsowJ+xtqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxspooJ+soxsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpoqxqo pr pMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ppttrvJ+ptsuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTrqsspts x rMJ

-X[ÄĄportpoÄĄoposooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousvtuÄĄovrsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqwpwrt pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoptrruÄĄosqqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqssvÄĄ

U\Lupvpvsq pt sMJ

ppsxrtÄĄopqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrrrÄĄpopursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^sopptq po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxopJ+pxpsstSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V

H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrsqrJ+xtrpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxopJ+ pxpsstSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxopJ+pxpsstS I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<oxrsqrJ+xtrpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrsqrJ+xtrpoSI[+L[H

L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxtuooJ+posupqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxrsqrJ+xtrpoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxopJ+pxpsstSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[ M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtuooJ+ posupqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqovooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosossvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovpqtu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?171


pq.\LjLxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSpr.\LjL>[ŃqrMijL[PQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]t„WbŋǃSuwvO[+T[bJUqpP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTpsP[Juox…QcHqrT[+OL.W[Qpq.\XȤqp WNSuw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrusrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<oxttqtJ+possst„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxpwto t 

9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<oxttqtJ+possst„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

prtopqt„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvttġovputv„Mj[

„@[T[9qptqqso u rMJ

-X[ġpqppsoġorpvpp„Mj[-X[ġosorrrġotrupx„Mj[(

O^Ktrqrqx pq rMJ

oxtqrq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqtstwġosqvsw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louorrw(

LOQ]LíÊ.Í­[„O\LSMS<oqqqttJ+qptrro„Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqoqx u (

popwovJ+spspro„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<ppoxruJ+

„OT]tppqwpx pr pMJ

-X[ġoptrosġorrqou„Mj[O[bS[S[\Housvoqġoxtqrq„Mj[

QþTrqtpwso x rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstroġportoo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxoupoġ

Ǐdzsqwrprx pq pMJ

osqvswġouoorx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppswqxġopptqu„Mj[(

Ƕ¾sqpxqq pp rMJ U\Lupvqss pt sMJ

S[ȉpoowsq qr rMJ „9H^sowsq po pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9„O\LSMS<oqqrowJ+qptsqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<poswpsJ+pqttsvtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[ @^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxttpwJ+ possqvtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poswpsJ+

pqttsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LíÊH„O\LSMS<oqqrowJ+qptsqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<oqqrowJ+qptsqtSI[+L[H 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ„O\LSMS<oqqrowJ+qptsqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxttpwJ+

possqvtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poswpsJ+pqttsvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxttpwJ+

possqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ„O\LSMS<oqqrowJ+ qptsqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<poswpsJ+pqttsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovpxop„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxrqoo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lppsxow„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[oqoros„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Losootp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotrxtq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovoxoo

„Mj[(„QVS[\UH„WŁ[owsoqw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpoqttp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqrost„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsvqu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otorpq„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď172


pr.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\S/bS/xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUqqP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTptP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqsT[+OL.W[Qpr.\XȤqqWNSuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<posvrxJ+pqtsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoousr u 

9SG;S\Oj[L<posvrxJ+pqtsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<ppqsss

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwpxÄĄouqvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqvtxqw v rMJ

osqoswÄĄottxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousuovÄĄoxtqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktrpqtu pq qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowourtÄĄowtuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrqrtÄĄ

ǜžsqqqrt pp rMJ

popupxÄĄppswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowtrttÄĄpoqporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqrx(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orturrJ+qtsurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqpxtq v (

J+ssqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<posvpwJ+pqtrqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpqqvqp pr pMJ

ovpvoxÄĄoxstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprspÄĄorrpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrqtttqq x rMJ

pqppqtÄĄorpvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosorsuÄĄotrusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqwsssp pq pMJ

owpxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsrrxÄĄpopupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupvroqw pt sMJ S[Č&#x2030;pootrp qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^sotrp po pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<posvrrJ+pqtstSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortuqtJ+qtsuptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<posvrrJ+pqtstSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

ortuqtJ+qtsuptSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortuqtJ+qtsuptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortuqtJ+qtsuptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<posvrrJ+pqtstSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<posvrrJ+pqtstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortuqtJ+qtsuptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppstpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ optxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovotosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?173


ps.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUqrP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTpuP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqtT[+OL.W[Qps.\XȤqrWNSuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvrpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<pqovrwJ+puprpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotwow v 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqovrwJ+puprpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pqtosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwsrÄĄouqwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpoqrrp w rMJ

-X[ÄĄospxtwÄĄottwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtvsrÄĄoqrotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktrwsp pq qMJ

ovpvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HottwrwÄĄoustpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžsqrrutp pp sMJ

-X[ÄĄosquowÄĄottwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HottwrwÄĄovqttu

O^SH/Q[J[Louoprx(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Q[J[L<ottuouJ+rossqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opptov w (

ootvpxJ+swpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<posurwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tprquqt pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄovpvqqÄĄoxstqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqoÄĄorrorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqurqp x rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrotpÄĄorpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqwoqÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqwtvsp pq pMJ

opqppoÄĄoqtrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrwsrÄĄovpppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lupvrutt pt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoxswÄĄotrvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pooqqo qr rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^soqqo po pMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<oxstpqJ+ popvpqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ottuqoJ+rostqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ

\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<posurpJ+pqtoroSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ottuqoJ+rostqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<pqovtqJ+puprtqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<posurpJ+pqtoroSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pqovtqJ+puprtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottuqoJ+rostqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovopoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?174


pt.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;quMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUqsP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTpvP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHquT[+OL.W[Qpt.\XȤqs WNSuw\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]/\Ĺ S[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optotxJ+qorosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptqov w 

Q<[9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optotxJ+qorosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+prrqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLouqwqpÄĄowtuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqqrvpt x qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpotsÄĄopssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrotrÄĄotrvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktrpost pq qMJ

otowqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpvrqÄĄosospqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžsqstorx pp sMJ

9[TS[\HopptorÄĄoqsqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoorx(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpurqJ+rursrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqotpo x (

<oqsxrxJ+tqtuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<pporrt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpsqtrp pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpqtxÄĄorqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpvruÄĄoxtottÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqvwru x sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLospxoxÄĄotowqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLospxoxÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqxposo pq pMJ

popuorÄĄppswqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswqqÄĄopqospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupvsrqs pt sMJ S[Č&#x2030;xqxtxx qr qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^rqxtxx x sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpuqtJ+rursptSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<pporqwJ+prrptqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpuqtJ+rursptSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[  H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpuqtJ+rursptSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpuqtJ+rursptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optotqJ+qoroqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optotqJ+

qoroqqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pporqwJ+prrptqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optotqJ+qoroqqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpuqtJ+rursptSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutvpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?175


pu.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUqtP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTpwP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqvT[+OL.W[Qpu.\XȤqt WNSuw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsxtoJ+qtqusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqsvpv x 

Q<[S[\H<posxtuJ+sqtvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<pprqsuJ+psssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sssrrw po qMJ

ppqrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowputqÄĄppqrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrotsÄĄ

O^Ktrpxs pq qMJ

opssoxÄĄoqrotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqtqqoÄĄosqsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqusqx pp sMJ

ppsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottxrw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrxro\Oj[LoxstpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsxst po (

MS<orsxtoJ+qtqusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ostrpoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tptqsso pr qMJ

I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxroÄĄovpvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtuosÄĄ

QĂžTrqvstw x sMJ

orpvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsoorÄĄorqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłsqxqrrv pq pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLovpprxÄĄowsrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpopxruÄĄ

U\Lupvsxtu pt sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;xqxtttw qr qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^rqxtttw x sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<posxtoJ+sqtusvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprqrxJ+pssrtoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<posxtoJ+sqtusvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<posxtoJ+sqtusvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortoosJ+qtqvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortoosJ+qtqvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprqrxJ+pssrtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortoosJ+qtqvqqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<posxtoJ+sqtusvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovorpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutrpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqptorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?176


pv.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUquP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTpxP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqwT[+OL.W[Qpv.\XȤqu WNSuw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwsrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otttroJ+rosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opsqps

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<ostpsuJ+twosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<pqowotJ+puppqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spusttx pp qMJ

ppqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpuowÄĄoxoqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsxsxÄĄ

O^Ktrrrro pq rMJ

otrwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HotttrtÄĄowpuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžsqvpwqq pq pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovpptqÄĄowsrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoppxsqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lottwrw(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<opqursJ+sxqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

po O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorqxpx pp (

<otttroJ+rosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<outwoxJ+rptrvt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpuqrtp pr qMJ

ǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxtsÄĄouqwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwooÄĄ

QĂžTrqwqpru x sMJ

pqpoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssosÄĄorpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpqwÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqxrurq pq pMJ

\JLopoppxÄĄoptoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpoqqÄĄpqtvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupvturo pt sMJ

oqtpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovqrqtÄĄowtppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;xqxtqsw qr qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^rqxtqsw x sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<opquqwJ+sxquqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqovtxJ+pupppqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opquqwJ+sxquqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opquqwJ+sxquqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< opquqwJ+sxquqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otttqrJ+rorxsqtSI[+L[H

W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pqovtxJ+pupppqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otttqrJ+rorxsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<opquqwJ+sxquqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoutxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LousxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpooupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqppouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?177


pw.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxMÄłL[PQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUqvP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTqoP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqxT[+OL.W[Qpw.\XȤqv WNSuw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovtvtuJ+rtsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqruor

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<outvouJ+rprÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L<ovtvtu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<pqsqqoJ+pvrutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqwsvsx pq pMJ

porsooÄĄopootpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousproÄĄovqwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktrtrtr pq rMJ

O[bS[S[\HopsxswÄĄospusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqtvÄĄ

ǜžsqwrqpv pq pMJ

ppsvquÄĄoppxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrtqÄĄpoptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottvrv(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ortvqwJ+ttsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

pp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losossu pq (

J+rtsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<owttpoJ+wvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;

Â&#x201E;OT]tpvqrs pr rMJ

otsopwÄĄouqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwpqÄĄowovoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrqwtvuo x sMJ

oxoqqoÄĄorpvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqxptÄĄovpwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqxsxqu pq pMJ

pqpptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HporuprÄĄppqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupwru pt sMJ

9[TS[\HoqsqsoÄĄosposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;xqxsxrv qr qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^rqxsxrv x sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pqsqrsJ+pvrusoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ortvqpJ+ttsqrvtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oututxJ+rpqsqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L< pqsqrsJ+pvrusoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvx ppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ortvqpJ+ttsqrvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqr qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ortvqpJ+ttsqrvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ortvqpJ+ttsqrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovtvswJ+rtssstSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oututxJ+

rpqsqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovtvswJ+rtssstSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortvqpJ+ttsqrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouttqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxowqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loustqt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpooqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqovppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?178


px.\LjLxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqo.\LjL>[ŃroMijL[PQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pq„WbŋǃSuwvO[+T[bJUqwP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTqpP[Juox…QcHroT[+OL.W[Qpx.\XȤqw WNSuw\X@S]QX[Tj[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;T\QT Q^W\TQMSO.b:\S>[X[SW^ǃ[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ S[\H<oxsvqtJ+sopvsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqwqu

>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<owtsowJ+wsrt„Mj[I[+L[HL[;S[\H<oxsvqtJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń-Q`HbR[;\JLotsosqġovpwqt„Mj[-X[ġ

„@[T[9tpotqsq pr pMJ

pqoxtoġorpwoo„Mj[-X[ġosotoqġotrxov„Mj[(

O^Ktspxuo pq rMJ

oxswss„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqtoqoġosqptu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lotturu(

Ñ\HMJLíÊXƚ[\Oj[L<ouprrsJ+pqqpo„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SG

pq O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losrvpp pr (

sopvsvt„Mj[I[+L[H\9Ǣö„R[;ÓƬ„O\LSMS<opoxooJ+pwspst

„OT]tpwqqqo pr rMJ

opsxptġorqutw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Housorsġoxswss„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTrqxrsqp x sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsstxġporrto„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxopspġ

Ǐdztoqpv pq qMJ

osqptuġottrrq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsupxġoppsrp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾sqxsupt pq pMJ U\Lupwxss pt sMJ

S[ȉxqxsuqu qr qMJ „9H^rqxsuqu x sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<ouprqwJ+pqpttSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtsooJ+wsptSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ouprqwJ+pqptt SI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxsvpwJ+

sopvroSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ

8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxsvpwJ+sopvroSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[; L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owtsooJ+wsptSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxsvpwJ+sopvroS

I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ouprqwJ+pqpttSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loutpro„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxosqx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lppqprt„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[oprtrr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orrrqo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotpqqp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louspqx

„Mj[(„QVS[\UH„WŁ[owpqtu„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxtwpx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqorpt„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpxtt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtsp„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď179


qo.\LjLxsQ[\S/bS/xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqp.\LjL>[ŃpJbQ[JSQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pr„WbŋǃSuwvO[+T[bJUqxP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTqqP[Juox…QcHp„QS[.W[Qqo.\XȤqxWNSuw \X@S]„QS[Q[X[SMjT[\JL

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxtsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ S[\H<pppuooJ+srtwpt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ospxrq

owovqrJ+utsqt„Mj[I[+L[Hlj[H]9SG\9Ǣö\Oj[L<porspuJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„R[;/Ń„O\LSMS<opqprxJ+pxpqqqt„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H-Q`HbR[;

„@[T[9tqrsp pr sMJ

-X[ġpqppppġorqups„Mj[-X[ġospstxġottqrp„Mj[O[bS[

O^Ktstpru pq rMJ

-X[ġosotpsġotrxro„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowovqrġ

Ƕ¾tpopt pq qMJ

owsrtvġpoptqr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoptqrġppsusw„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotttrt(

\ƻH]j[LíÊXƚ[\Oj[L<oupqrqJ+ppxrt„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[\Oj[L<

pr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotovrw ps (

pqprtt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<pppuooJ+srtwpt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

„OT]tpxqprw pr rMJ

\JLotspouġouqxtq„Mj[-X[ġovpwrvġoxssts„Mj[

QþTsoporw po pMJ

S[\Hourxrxġoxswpp„Mj[-X[ġpqoxrtġorpwou„Mj[

Ǐdztoptu pq qMJ

owtuox„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovqusvġowprtt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupwpuqt pt sMJ

9[TS[\Howsxpuġpopvrw„Mj[(

S[ȉxqxsrpt qr qMJ „9H^rqxsrpt x sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<oupqqtJ+ppxpvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<pppttsJ+srtwSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U

ǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L< owovpuJ+utqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[ Q[\C „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`V

S[\USH[ S[\H<pppttsJ+srtwSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Spr tuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oupqqtJ+ppxpvtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq

qsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owovpuJ+utqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oupqqtJ+ppxpvtSI[+L[H L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<pppttsJ+srtwSI[+L[HP[HH^bT

„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

owovpuJ+utqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚS[\H<pppttsJ+srtwSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pppttsJ+srtwSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[; L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ( \Oj[L<oupqqtJ+ppxpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<pppttsJ+srtwSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lousvrs„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxoorr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpppvrx„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[oprprv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orqxqr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotowqt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourvrs

„Mj[(„QVS[\UH„WŁ[owoxoo„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxtsqr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpptxpx„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpttx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrpsu„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď180


qp.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qJbQ[JSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUroP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTqrP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqp.\XȤroWNSuw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsopwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oopvtxJ+surppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otoxtr

oxrrsxJ+xsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pptopuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptpqJ+pwttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9utqstp ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpotoÄĄorqtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospsoxÄĄottpqx

O^Kttqwqt pq rMJ

orpwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouropoÄĄovpwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžtqpspv pq qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotsproÄĄovpqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqopsÄĄottpqx

S[Č&#x2030;xqxsos qr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottsrs(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<owouspJ+urtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<

ps O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotrvpq pt (

ptqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oopvtxJ+surppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tqoqotw pr sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotsproÄĄouropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwtoÄĄoxssto

QĂžTsosutp po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqturqÄĄoqrpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrpooÄĄ

Ç?Çłtoqvtr pq qMJ

ottpqxÄĄourwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoppvssÄĄoqswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupwqrv pt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HottpqxÄĄovqooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosppqpÄĄotrxts

Â&#x201E;9H^rqxsos x sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owourtJ+ursqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxrsorJ+xspqqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<owourtJ+ursqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrsorJ+

xspqqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oopvtpJ+surotqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrsorJ+xspqqtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oopvtpJ+surotqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owourtJ+ursqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oopvtpJ+ surotqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrsorJ+xspqqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LousrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotosqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourrrw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owotosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppttqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?181


qq.\LjLxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqr.\LjL>[ŃrJbQ[JSQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pt„WbŋǃSuwvO[+T[bJUrpP[JxsP[SH]j\W\PTqsP[Juox…QcHr„QS[.W[Qqq.\XȤp S\O1T.1j[Tuw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsosqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oosxsqJ+svsxro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoopt pu 

…H\HT\Oj[L<pqrvqvJ+pvpxtqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oosxsqJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HÑ]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouroqxġowtupp„Mj[-X[ġpqpoqwġ

„@[T[9upvtvsx pt sMJ

opsrsp„Mj[-X[ġoqrpopġotsopw„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

O^Ktupopp pq rMJ

9^\T9S[\Horpwqoġosotrx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoptovġ

Ƕ¾trqwqq pq rMJ

oppsovġoqsqtp„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottrrq(

>H^I­]LíÊlj[H]\Oj[L<oxrrroJ+xrxuo„Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lououtu pu (

svsxro„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;\Oƃ^Ŧ\Oj[L<pqsuqwJ+pvsqqt„Mj[

„OT]tqpqoqp pr sMJ

orqsst„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howpqquġoxsvos„Mj[-X[ġpqoxorġ

QþTspqrp po pMJ

osprpxġotoptr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosprpxġotoptr„Mj[(

Ǐdztosorw pq qMJ

ppsupp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsuppġoppvpt„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lupwqxtq pt sMJ

S[ȉxqxruts qr qMJ „9H^rqxruts x sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxrrqrJ+xrxsqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pororvJ+pqpsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9 S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QÊ

@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L<pororvJ+pqpsvtSI[+L[HO`V

\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH \Oj[L<oxrrqrJ+xrxsqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<pororvJ+

pqpsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

oxrrqrJ+xrxsqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oosxtvJ+svtovtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<pororvJ+pqpsvtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrrqrJ+xrxsqtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oosxtvJ+

svtovtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxrrqrJ+xrxsqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oosxtvJ+svtovtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pororvJ+pqpsvtSI[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lourxsr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lowtqsq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lppoxsw„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[opqrss„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orqprp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotoorr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqxsq

„Mj[(„QVS[\UH„WŁ[owopox„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxsurq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpptpqv„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqowov„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrts„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď182


qr.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;sJbQ[JSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUp.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsP[SH]j\W\PTqtP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqr.\XȤq S\O1T.1j[Tuw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ootoqwJ+svtoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoopt pu 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pqtrspJ+pvtxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ptqxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqpwÄĄovpxpt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vosstr pu sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrpoqÄĄorpwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqrtrqÄĄ

O^Ktuturw pq sMJ

oqsvrxÄĄospwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovprpqÄĄowssotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottqrp(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<poroqtJ+pqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lououtu pu (

ootoqwJ+svtoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<pptrrtJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tqqpxst pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtupqÄĄppqprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowppspÄĄppqpqp

QĂžTsptxu po pMJ

orqsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrrvÄĄoqrpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłtotrqo pq qMJ

9[TS[\HpopuoxÄĄppstosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtssqqw pq rMJ

U\Lupwrurw pt sMJ S[Č&#x2030;xqxrrsr qr qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^rqxrrsr x sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<poropwJ+pqouoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<potutvJ+prurvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poropwJ+pqouoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potutvJ+ prurvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poropwJ+pqouoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ootoqpJ+svtovtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potutvJ+prurvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poropwJ+pqouoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ootoqpJ+svtovtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poropwJ+pqouoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ootoqpJ+svtovtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<potutvJ+prurvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppottrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqtsu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovtvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqosprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?183


qs.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;tJbQ[JSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUq.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsP[SH]j\W\PTquP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHtÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqs.\XȤr S\O1T.1j[Tuw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsproO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ooqoptJ+surrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loutpqu pv 

\Oj[L<pqrxooJ+pvqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ooqoptJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<owttqtJ+wpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vprsvqo pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpotvÄĄowtwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsttwÄĄpqowrp

O^Ktvsvrp pq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HotswqsÄĄowpotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžttturw pq rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovprqtÄĄowssowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoppupuÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lottpqx(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<potussJ+prutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtv pv (

surrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<porupsJ+pqpsto

Â&#x201E;OT]tqrpxpr pr sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqsrÄĄourpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxqwÄĄppqpqq

QĂžTsqrtx po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrrqÄĄorpwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostrrtÄĄotspou

Ç?Çłtpup pq qMJ

pqtwowÄĄopsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowrpÄĄpqtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupwsrqu pt sMJ

oqsutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovpvqxÄĄowsurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;xqxrorq qr qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^rqxrorq x sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<potutxJ+prusqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<potsouJ+pqtwqvtSI[+L[H

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[

@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpx

qpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potutxJ+prusqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< potsouJ+pqtwqvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potutxJ+prusqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ooqoroJ+sursqvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<poruqvJ+pqptqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<potutxJ+prusqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ooqoroJ+sursqvtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<potsouJ+pqtwqvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppoptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LouqptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHQ[J[LovtrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?184


qt.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;uJbQ[JSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUr.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsP[SH]j\W\PTqvP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHuÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqt.\XȤs S\O1T.1j[Tuw\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]J_;­[M^@[SÂ&#x201E;OTVĆ&#x160;] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsptsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<ppqqqoJ+ssxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovsspt pw 

\Oj[L<pptsssJ+ptroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<ppqqqoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<outqsrJ+qtruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqvtrt pw sMJ

-X[ÄĄporqsxÄĄpqtvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourstxÄĄovqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktwsqrq pq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HopsttvÄĄosposxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpouÄĄ

ǜžtvposx pq sMJ

ppstptÄĄopptsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowssppÄĄpopssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottoqv(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<potspvJ+pqtwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovppqt pw (

ssxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<owttqwJ+wptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tqspwsq ps pMJ

\JLotsrovÄĄourpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxspÄĄowovtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsrppv po pMJ

-X[ÄĄowtvsxÄĄorpwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLourpqsÄĄovpxsp

Ç?Çłtppwrw pq qMJ

pqoxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HporroqÄĄppqorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupwtopu pt sMJ

9[TS[\HoqsqtwÄĄospqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;xqxqvqp qr qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^rqxqvqp x sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<potsowJ+pqtwrqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<poqsrwJ+ppsrsvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<potsowJ+pqtwrqtSI[+L[H\QI^L

99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potsowJ+pqtwrqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<poqsrwJ+ppsrsvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<potsowJ+pqtwrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppqqprJ+sswstSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< poqsrwJ+ppsrsvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<ppqqpr

J+sswstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppqqprJ+sswstSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owttsqJ+wqqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<potsowJ+pqtwrqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<ppqqprJ+sswst SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowsotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpotwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loupvtt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovsxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpprxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?185


qu.\LjLxsQ[\SW[9TbWLxv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqv.\LjL>[ŃvJbQ[JSQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]px„WbŋǃSuwvO[+T[bJUs.\LjLxsP[SH]j\W\PTqwP[Juox…QcHv„QS[.W[Qqu.\XȤt S\O1T.1j[Tuw\X@S];HOX[\LOS „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ S[\H<oxtwtqJ+sorxqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrxqp px 

oxrqrtJ+xrqso„Mj[I[+L[H1ġS[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<posrtqJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oxowtoJ+wrrpvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;„U[PL\Oj[L<

„@[T[9wporxps px sMJ

tutxqqt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrrpġovpxts„Mj[

O^Ktxspqu pq sMJ

-X[ġpqovtxġorpwsw„Mj[-X[ġosouroġotspts„Mj[(

Ƕ¾twqtr pq sMJ

oxsstq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqstrxġospuoo„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsxqu(

-ƆQ]LíÊQ_T[\Oj[L<poqtoxJ+ppstt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovswrw px (

pqrptqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxtwtqJ+sorxqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]tqtpwps ps pMJ

outrouJ+qtstvt„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě\Oj[L<osrppuJ+

QþTsrsvp po qMJ

-X[ġopstqtġorqpsv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoursorġoxsstq„Mj[

Ǐdztprppr pq qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxssqwġporqrx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Howtvpoġ

U\Lupwtvw pt sMJ

ospuooġotsuqp„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppssowġopprrs„Mj[(

S[ȉxqxqspo qr qMJ „9H^rqxqspo x sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

.W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<poqtoqJ+ppsssvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<oxrqqxJ+xrqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­ Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9„W+S \QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqrtvxpppq

pspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<poqtoqJ+ppsssvtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu LíÊH\Oj[L<oxrqqxJ+xrqqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<poqtoqJ+ppsssvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[

„L/S[\H<oxtxovJ+sorxuoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxrqqxJ+xrqqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxtxovJ+sorxuoSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<

oxrqqxJ+xrqqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtxovJ+sorxuoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outrqpJ+qttrtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtxovJ+sorxuoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrqqxJ+xrqqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Louqsoo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lowrutw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpotsos„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[opowop„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orotsw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Losssto„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louprtx

„Mj[(„QVS[\UHQ[J[Lovstqt„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxrosw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpprtsr„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optqqs„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowpp„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď186


qv.\LjLxsQ[\S/bS/xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSqw.\LjL>[ŃwJbQ[JSQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qo„WbŋǃSuwvO[+T[bJUt.\LjLxsP[SH]j\W\PTqxP[Juox…QcHw„QS[.W[Qqv.\XȤu S\O1T.1j[Tuw\X@S]J_;­[ƆQ]QX[-ƆQ] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqsrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ „Wń[<owpsrqJ+rupvrqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrutt qo 

\Oj[L<owqpsrJ+ursqvt„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovptroJ+rswtt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;-\H;Ě

„@[T[9wqsqvv qo sMJ

toqspt„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrtuġourqoq„Mj[

O^Ktposruo pr pMJ

-X[ġosoxoxġotstqo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourrowġoxsspx„Mj[

Ƕ¾txrxpx pq sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowowprġowtupw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovqottġ

S[ȉxqxqouo qr qMJ

popsqvġppssrw„Mj[(9[TS[\Howssrsġpopspq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotswqs(

LOQ]LíÊM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<oxrrooJ+xrrsqt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrott qo (

oxoxrvJ+wrtpt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„Wń[<owpsrqJ+rupvrqt„Mj[

„OT]tqupvsw ps pMJ

\Oj[L<osrpspJ+tvoqt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<optrrwJ+

QþTssqqtq po qMJ

-X[ġovqoovġoxssqs„Mj[-X[ġpqowspġorqpor„Mj[

Ǐdztpsrsu pq qMJ

-X[ġpqovsrġorpwtt„Mj[-X[ġosousrġotsqpw„Mj[(

U\Lupxsp pt sMJ

owowsr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsspvġpopsqv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^rqxqouo x sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<oxrrptJ+xrsqoSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H„Wń[<owpssuJ+rupwvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<

owqprvJ+urspqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[

<[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ „Wń[<owpssuJ+rupwvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oxrrptJ+

xrsqoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owqprvJ+urspqtSI[+L[Hprtuw popqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\O

dzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxrrptJ+xrsqoSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„Wń[<owpssuJ+rupwvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S „O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owqprvJ+urspqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L< oxrrptJ+xrsqoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ  9S[\LI[bL/„Wń[<owpssuJ+rupwvtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxoxqxJ+wrsttSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrrptJ+xrsqoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owpssuJ+rupwvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owqprvJ+urspqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ

Q[\S94

M[\ď187


TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowrroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpotooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oposouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LossotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loupoor

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpprpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opswqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osospsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qw.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\SI[+>[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;xJbQ[JSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUu.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsP[SH]j\W\PTroP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqw.\XȤv S\O1T.1j[Tuw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ouprruJ+rppspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporuro qp 

<outuqwJ+ropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovpuptJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otovssJ+twqwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xwqvpt qp sMJ

ourqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqoqoÄĄoxssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowpxÄĄ

O^Ktppsxtw pr pMJ

oqrpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrpowÄĄorpxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžtpotrrv pr pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoppspxÄĄoqsspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotssqpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;xqxpvsx qr qMJ

ovpsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospqttÄĄotsqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsvqr(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<owqqroJ+uruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpxqs qp (

rtosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ouprruJ+rppspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tqvpvqs ps qMJ

pporosJ+srpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotssqpÄĄ

QĂžTsstwrw po qMJ

orqopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosowpxÄĄotsspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqttqpÄĄ

Ç?Çłtptupt pq qMJ

\JLourqqpÄĄovqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HotsspwÄĄourqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupxpotu pt sMJ

ovpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospspxÄĄotsspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HotsspwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^rqxpvsx x sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owqqqrJ+uruvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<outuqpJ+roSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupw

qoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqqqrJ+uruvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <outuqpJ+roSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<owqqqrJ+uruvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owqqqr J+uruvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouprqxJ+rpprtqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovpuroJ+rtpqtS

I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owqqqrJ+uruvtSI[+L[H XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ouprqxJ+rpprtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<outuqpJ+roSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoupuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowqxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LposuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosrutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lououov

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovrvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppqvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opssrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?188


qx.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;poJbQ[JSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUv.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsP[SH]j\W\PTrpP[JuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpoÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqx.\XȤw S\O1T.1j[Tuw\X@S]J_;­[M^@[T\QTÂ&#x201E;Jg.T[\LĂ&#x2DC;]S[Q>Ĺ&#x192;S\O@bj[¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrrpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<osooouJ+qtrxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpprusr qq 

otqptoJ+txqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otowro

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@\Oj[L<oqsxtsJ+tqsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqqrvs qq sMJ

owtuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqovtwÄĄorpxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowovptÄĄ

O^Ktpqtxu pr pMJ

otsrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosovqxÄĄosttqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžtpqvtw pr pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopspqÄĄppssopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppssopÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsuqp(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<outvprJ+rqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpopsro qq (

J+twroqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<osooouJ+qtrxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tqwpvr ps qMJ

oworqwJ+rtsvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLourqsoÄĄ

QĂžTstrsqp po qMJ

oxsrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqovpqÄĄopsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrppoÄĄ

Ç?Çłtqwsq pq qMJ

osovqxÄĄosttqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpxoxÄĄosovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupxpvtq pt sMJ

opprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopprppÄĄoqsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;xqxpsrw qr qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^rqxpsrw x sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<outvqxJ+rqtoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<oworsrJ+rtswqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

otqpsqJ+txqqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL

O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+X S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<oworsrJ+rtswqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; \QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outvqxJ+rqtoS

I[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otqpsqJ+txqqoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspu pvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outvqxJ+rqto SI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osooqpJ+

qtsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<otqpsqJ+txqqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osooqpJ+ qtsoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<outvqxJ+rqtoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<osooqpJ+qtsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqpsqJ+txqqoS I[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoupqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LposqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH\Oj[L pqtupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosrroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LouoqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHQ[J[LovrrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxpxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?189


ro.\LjLxsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[xv\ÊM^S[ŕrvww9T½[ŕ„WgSp9[\ġ­9>[ŃppJbQ[JSQ[X[uoxU9[ŕvss\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qr„WbŋǃSuwvO[+T[bJUw.\LjLxsP[SH]j\W\PTp.\LjLuox…QcHpp„QS[.W[Qro.\XȤx

S\O1T.1j[Tuw\X@S]9[\H\Oȉ„9Sb9S[H[=[\L QľX[LJ[bQ[JS[jLP\WH^T[j[+„T[Tj[WX(ÑJ]MbļÑRĄ[\QLbQ[-Lļ[j „OKbW(( Ø]M[U[ù^U[59[JU]Ø]S[QPSH\QTL\LjQSM[\T\LjQbWO[9[M9SM[\T-9S[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ „O\LSMS<oprxqtJ+pxsurvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrtqw qr 

UH\PV[\Oj[L<orsqppJ+tstqrqt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ9SG\O\Ɔ

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

susrsvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;;ĚQ[J[L<ostwqxJ+qwspvt

„@[T[9poutrro qs pMJ

owtuqsġpppxsx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howourpġpppwtp„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Ktpspppr pr qMJ

9^\T9S[\Hopsrouġoqrppp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqsrooġ

Ƕ¾tprqqqp pr qMJ

popqssġppsqts„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotstqo(

I[+L[Hǚz[JU]LíÊK\LƊ[\Oj[L<otqqruJ+txsrt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppptrp qr (

„O\LSMS<oprxqtJ+pxsurvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ooquspJ+

„OT]tqxpuss ps qMJ

„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotstpoġovqosv„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTsuxtx po qMJ

oqrpppġorpxpu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqrporġorpwtp„Mj[(

Ǐdztqqpu pq qMJ

ospqrw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpssxġowssqv„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lupxqsto pt sMJ S[ȉxqxppqv qr qMJ „9H^rqxppqv x sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<orsqqtJ+tstrvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<

orsqqtJ+tstrvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[ 1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<

oprxpwJ+pxsuqoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<orsqqtJ+tstrvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<pppspqJ+prsqrtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[ <SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ„O\LSMS<oprxpwJ+

pxsuqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orsqqtJ+tstrvtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pppspqJ+prsqrtSI[+L[H \ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oprxpwJ+pxsuqoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pppspq J+prsqrtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<oprxpwJ+pxsuqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orsqqtJ+tstrvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pppspqJ+prsqrtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Louowpu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lowqpps„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lporwqo„Mj[(KL^S[\UH\Oj[L pqtqpw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[oqtoos„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Losqxov„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lottwps„Mj[(„QV S[\UHQ[J[Lovqxsq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxptot„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpppxtx„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprusp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqqu„Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\ď190


p9[\ĥ­9xsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq9[\ĥ­9>[Ĺ&#x192;pqJbQ[JSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qsÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUx.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsP[SH]j\W\PTq.\Ç&#x2C6;LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHpqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qp9[\Hpo

S\O1T.1j[Tuw\X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/ro.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsQ[\S uwvxqr \L+bIg9[M[ J+srrrsqt <qrxSWQj 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotssqpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ppptqvJ+prstsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprosq qs 

owtqpqJ+vsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ppptqvJ+prstsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<poorovJ+sosstqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqpprpq qt pMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optpqoJ+qoptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotstru

O^Ktptquu pr qMJ

ÄĄowtrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsqoxÄĄpqouspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsroqÄĄ

ǜžtpsrusu pr qMJ

otspptÄĄowotsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpqtstxÄĄopsqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;xqxwpu qr qMJ

owssrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoppqtrÄĄoqsqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsspw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotstru\Oj[LoxssoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqoru qs (

oqoqtpJ+tosrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]uopuqv ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owtqpqJ+vsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­

QĂžTsustrs po rMJ

ÄĄourrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqpopÄĄpppxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Howotsv

Ç?Çłtqrrqv pq qMJ

orpxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosttstÄĄotsrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Lupxrpsx pt sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqouspÄĄpqtstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovptorÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^rqxwpu x sMJ

ovpprtÄĄowsptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[S[\H<poorooJ+sossrtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqoqstJ+tosqtqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X

9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ S[\H<poorooJ+sossrtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqo qqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqoqstJ+tosqtqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqoqstJ+tosqtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<ppptqpJ+prstqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqoqstJ+tosqtqtSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppptqpJ+prstqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtqosJ+ vsupoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ppptqpJ+prstqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqoqstJ+tosqtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owtqosJ+vsupo SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouospxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowpvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LporsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH\Oj[L pqswqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosqtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LottspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHQ[J[LovqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpppuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S94

M[\Ä?191


q9[\ĥ­9xsQ[\S/LW[/LW[xv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvww9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr9[\ĥ­9>[Ĺ&#x192;prJbQ[JSQ[X[uoxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vss\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qtÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuwvO[+T[bJUpo.\Ç&#x2C6;LxsP[SH]j\W\PTr.\Ç&#x2C6;LuoxÂ&#x2026;QcHprÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qq9[\Hpp S\O1T.1j[Tuw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsssuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<owtqtxJ+vswqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqppq qt 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ooqwptJ+sustrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rstssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ourupoJ+qtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pptrqrt qu pMJ

ovstrwJ+stxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotsuopÄĄ

O^Ktpusrrr pr rMJ

pqtsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqwrpÄĄovpuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtrqoÄĄ

ǜžtpttppr pr qMJ

opsqpoÄĄosotopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpppxpxÄĄpqoutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;xqxtu qr qMJ

oppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowssrsÄĄpoprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsrpv(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ourupoJ+qtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqvqt qt (

\Oj[L<owtqtxJ+vswqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovsrqxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]uppupq ps rMJ

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<posuqrJ+pqrptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<

QĂžTsvqps po rMJ

ourrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqpptÄĄowowtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporpsrÄĄ

Ç?Çłtqstst pq qMJ

orpxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLourrrwÄĄovqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lupxrwsx pt sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpoqxtrÄĄpppwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsrowÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^rqxtu x sMJ

oqsrpxÄĄosprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ooqwovJ+sustptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ooqwovJ+sustptSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S

W[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtrpqJ+vsxSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooqwovJ+sustptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouruoqJ+ qtqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E