Page 1

84


Q[\S84

M[\ď0


Iu bgt kÖxm~hŠ¨vq ci eªÞ‥Y bgt

Bgvi ‥mbvLqvZ

weòzwcÖqv gwYcyix Vvii cyivbv cvwÄ m~hŠwm×vť�i gvwnj Mbvwb A‥m MbvwbiKv gvaecyii cweÎ ivmi RvMv Anvb‥i †K›`ªM aivwb ABj AÿZzc: 24.31º Jqvs `ªvwNgvZzc: 91.84º gyO mgqi jqvM: 6º gyO

gvwi 84 DĂ‹g wmsn

‥cŠwi http://www.pouri.org

wbDBqKŠ, wZjcvivóª

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?1


9I[.9>^\C

\Q\OĆ‹^\Ă‘j[Q\GM^S]D[STM[\Ä?.X[L\L9[T[\LQbLj[„;T;[9HOWSK\Sj[XŇ[9bSg\SH[(QSW[KL[-X[LSNTX[L .\XT“M[\Ä?â€? L[=SWNC7j½[SX[LT(QS5bS“M[\Ä?â€? L[=S;L95X[LTȉĪ[X[\S\JL9[SL[;/M^S[OWS.X[S

M[\Ä?X[L;L[\L59bSS(M[\Ä?;L[\LS9[\J@[HSQ[\X.bWp(W^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźO[bS[q(\Oǜĭ\WÄ­[ÄźO[J`9\WÄ­[Äź(W^R­½

\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X5H[M^S[L[9[bTÄĄ>\Tj[.bXQ[\XÂ&#x201E;RH[TO[@[bS>bTSO[+T[Sj[QM[\Ä?;L[\L-S(\Qbjg/bQW^R­½\WÄ­[Äź Q[\X/Tj[M[\Ä?5X[LQ_\H­M[T9ST^(/+bS@]9½[bTÄš[SÂ&#x201E;>j[M^S[L[\JL.X[LX[SM[\LO[S/\HX[WS<CL[S\JL.X[L \OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LL^\=\9Ǣ.Q[SM[\Ä?5H[S\JLH[\S:O[bS[\H\I\L9[T[\L5X[LX[\OÄĄ\XL9[QX[L(-X[bL.\Q X[\Ç M^S[L[\JLH[\S:5H[/bQ/+bS\@TQ[\Hj[S(H[I9j[QS5bSČ&#x2030;S9[XĤ[5X[bLÂ&#x201E;R9^LM^S[L[H[\S:\H\I

\OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LO[SL[L[L;bOVL[S9[bQT[;H/-X[LÂ&#x2026;Ç&#x2C6;bLj(.Q[SP[SH1MQX[bJUSQ^+O[S[HÂ&#x201E;RÂ&#x201E;RWL-Ĺ&#x2022;O[ M[\Ä?O½[OX[S9S[\L-S-H[X[\Ç 5bM/HÂ&#x201E;>ĹŻS[\LHXĤ[.X[bLgI^/T^(

OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;SQ[\S5X[L9^ĹĄ[;[ÄĄ>[T^-bWX[L-X[LQ[H[\L\XL(9^L;/Q[ÄĄ[S[O[JU[X.9ObS\L9[T[bWX[LO[bS[ 9HH[/Q[ÄĄ[S[S[@[UU[+9/\L9[T[bWX[L(\Q-W[bJÂ&#x201E;9[L6\HX[\W9H9­HR[L[L[QL[1\S(5Q[\Spspx/bT

.\@9[ÄĄpspxOWS.b;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;-9S[\L-bW5W[bJÂ&#x201E;TM9\Sj[pOĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;ÄĄ-9\Sj[X[\SQ[\SSM[\Ä?.X[LU[H9ST^(

\X@\S\X@\SH[\S:;L[\LSL[L[LMÄ­\H>[T^-bW-H[X[\OH:[\LL[:[\LÂ&#x201E;RW[bJ1T[TS(-X[bLQSMÄ­\H 9^bjH O[bS[Q[/žWNCMÄ­\HS:[\LW+Ć&#x2019;[S9\Sj[ 5X[bHgp\JLÂ&#x201E;XTO[9Q/bHM[bS(\X@\SH[\S:Â&#x201E;TM9S[\LS>^ĹĄ[

MÄ­\HX[L/TH[/I[\>S\M?S\JbLÂ&#x201E;OT];O^S[\LSI[+L[H@^T[9X[LÂ&#x201E;J:bT-\JLS\M?S\JbLM/T[Q[W(Â&#x201E;J:[\L5X[bHg Â&#x201E;ObWM-/bHM[bSÂ&#x201E;Q<[T[/bTÂ&#x201E;R;Â&#x201E;>/H/-;S>[L[X[LÂ&#x201E;W+L[/bTO[Â&#x201E;9[L@[;[X[ÄĄÂ&#x201E;>/H[S[5W[bJ(-X[bL

O[+T[bJbU/bQWS9[\S@[H]j>[*JÂ&#x201E;J:[9\Q\CbjÂ&#x201E;RX[LÂ&#x201E;TM9SH[/-X[LS;b@I[Ĺ°\Jj[\X@\SH[\S:O[bS[MO­ Â&#x201E;TM9S[\L-S(

O[+T[bJUO[+T[bJUSO[+T[59[bEQ]bjÂ&#x201E;RO[+T[M[\Ä?SW+Ć&#x2019;[S9bS\W-X[L/bQâ&#x20AC;&#x153;O[+T[bJUâ&#x20AC;? O^\Tj[Â&#x201E;JL[-/T( Q[\XW^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X/Tj[\JLO[SMSOXO[WQjR[Ă&#x160;[\H\ILĂ­Ă&#x160;9SLÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă XƤ^C.\J;LbT1 Â&#x201E;OL]b@[T[9\L9^T[\LO^S[\LĂ XLO[bS[TĂś5H[Č&#x2030;ÄŞ[J`9\WÄ­[Äź/Tj[;L[\L-/T(

Â&#x201E;RH[S;bOVL[O[bS[9Q­ĥM[+T[9M[W^H[ 1. Shree Ajit Krishnan, MHora-v0.2.

2. Shree Michio Yano (http://www.cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp/~yanom/) articles, and Pancanga (version 3.13). 3. Shree Vinay Jha (http://jyotirvidya.wetpaint.com/), Shree Surya Siddhanta releted all articles. 4Ă&#x2DC;]W_R­½\WÄ­[ÄźÇ&#x2030;[Q]\OÄ&#x152;[L[LĹ prpuW[TÂ&#x201E;OT^hQD9\T9[H[(

5. Indian Astronomy: An Introduction By S. Balachandra Rao, Year 2000, Universities Press.

6. Indian Calendric System, by Commodore S.K. Chatterjee (Retd.), Year 1998, Publication Division, MOIB, Govt of India.

My special thanks for their tools:

1. Microsoft for Visual Studio 2010 & Hijri Calendar.

2. Swiss Ephemeris (http://www.astro.com/swisseph/) for swedll32.dll

T\QbH;[X[\Ç S[+Â&#x201E;X/>[.X[LQS5bSČ&#x2030;Çł9[Q5X[HÂ&#x201E;9[LT[TI[/bTHS[9QbSO[b;/O[+\QT;[T;Â&#x201E;RW[bJ1 >^Q9SH1(

1ĥQ\W+X\L1/j9­pspxWL

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?2


\L+bIgO^KQĞ]U\LM[\LS-\KM\HQÞTO[bS[N[jNWTS-\KM\Hǜž(

=========================================================

pÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ppQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qpQ[>­uvvO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTroN[ÇľLtxwÂ&#x2026;QcHppU\@O^.W[QpOX[;pp

@Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/roÂ&#x2026;>HwrQ[\S uvvrqo /bS/ J+pqpxrvt <potuSWQj  Ă&#x2DC;]9[QJ[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottwoqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oupttpJ+osxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqoxox qp 

ottstp\Oj[LourusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<ovpvsu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oupttpJ+osxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spqrupq po sMJ

pssrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ottopuJ+txstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppttsp qu pMJ

oxtvsqÄĄoppptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqurqÄĄposxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžppqsvst s pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLousrqtÄĄovrptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouorqsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqqrqtx pp rMJ

ottstpÄĄovqtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrqqoÄĄouorqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqqp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<ourusqJ+pssrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opsutv qp (

J+rqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<owptooJ+ttoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oosuqu p pMJ

Q[J[L<ouropsJ+rpqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ourusqJ+

QĂžTwqxprpt qp pMJ

I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<otosppJ+tvtrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JL

Ç?Çłuuupr ps sMJ

pqqtouÄĄoqoorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqswpsÄĄosqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqrsut t sMJ

outpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopropqÄĄoroppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqrqtx qt pMJ

ouorqsÄĄovrqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqxrwÄĄottxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovpvtxJ+rqtpqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<owptpsJ+ttotvtSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpvtxJ+rqtpqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpx qpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owptpsJ+ttotvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpvtxJ+rqtpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupuotJ+otoqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owptpsJ+ttotvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V 8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupuotJ+otoqvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oururtJ+pssqo SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<oupuotJ+otoqvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< ovpvtxJ+rqtpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<oururtJ+pssqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< owptpsJ+ttotvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosotqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LoupvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owroprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opoppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?3


q…OU[:wsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSr…OU[:>[ŃpqQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qqQ[>­uvvO[+T[bJUw…>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTp…>Htxx…QcHpqU\@O^.W[QqOX[;pq @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]Ø]O[QLǚz[JU] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottutwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<ouruqqJ+psrsvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqtxpo qq 

ouqtpqJ+ppwrqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊM_O­N[ǵL]\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

utxsqt„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ouruqqJ+psrsvt

„@[T[9sqtqrtv pp sMJ

<ouqtpqJ+ppwrqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;O`\ĭ\Oj[L<otortpJ+

O^Kpptrwtq qu pMJ

O½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLousqqvġoxtvou„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovrwtxġ

Ƕ¾pprttrx s qMJ

opppsuġoqooqu„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtpqqġovrwtx„Mj[-X[ġ

S[ȉsqqqxsx pp rMJ

9^\T9S[\Horrtpoġosqqsv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqvrpġ

ǏdzO\¾

opropoġoqtxqw„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqsq(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lottrsv\Oj[Louruqr„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrqtu qq (

owptooJ+ttoqqt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSN[ǵL]\Oj[L<owspsoJ+

„OT]opstr p pMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<oursrtJ+rprxqo„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L

QþTwqxswtr qp pMJ

tvtqro„Mj[I[+L[HǝO\Oj[L<ortqtuJ+tstvtqt„Mj[I[+L[H

Ǐdzuttwpp ps sMJ

oxpsps„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottrsvġousqqv„Mj[-X[ġ

U\Lqrtpv t sMJ

pqqssqġorrtpo„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosquqtġotptot„Mj[(

„9H^poqqqxsx qt pMJ

pptwsu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptwsuġoproop„Mj[(9[TS[\H

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

1ǚS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<owpstrJ+ttotSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<oursswJ+rprxtqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<

owsprrJ+utxqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶL O[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń

99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<oursswJ+rprxtqtSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<owpstrJ+ttotS I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owsprrJ+utxqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt

pvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[

„L/\Oj[L<ouruptJ+psrroSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owpstr J+ttotSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ouqtqw J+ppxpqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owsprrJ+utxqtSI[+L[H

Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L -9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouruptJ+psrroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owpstrJ+ttotS I[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouruptJ+psrroSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ouqtqwJ+ppxpqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouruptJ+psrroSI[+L[H L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owpstrJ+ttotSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ouqtqwJ+ppxpqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owsprrJ+utxqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Q[\S84

M[\ď4


TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opstrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosopquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouprqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?5


r…OU[:wsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSs…OU[:>[ŃprQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qrQ[>­uvvO[+T[bJUx…>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTq…>Htxx…QcHprU\@O^.W[QrOX[;pr @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottttsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ouqtpsJ+ppwrvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[optpqt qr 

1ġSN[ǵL]\Oj[L<owspsoJ+utxsqt„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

ppwrvt„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ouowpwJ+rorupvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9twqvv pq sMJ

oqpvttJ+tpr„Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLottqsrġovrops

O^Kppupvrq qu pMJ

„Mj[-X[ġpprusuġoqsutq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLorrvsxġ

Ƕ¾pptrqr s qMJ

optxqpġoqsutq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoropptġosrqsp„Mj[(

S[ȉsqqqurw pp rMJ

pqoorq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoror(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<otssppJ+txrwso„Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LíÊ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orpvpw qr (

owrwsvJ+uttpo„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<ouqtpsJ+

„OT]oqsrrx p pMJ

O\G@\Oj[L<otssppJ+txrwso„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<

QþTxoqsqv qp qMJ

„Mj[-X[ġpostpuġoppprr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtprvġoxpspq

Ǐdzuttov ps sMJ

otptqp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxosġorrvsx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lqrtups t sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLovqsoxġowttrs„Mj[(9[TS[\Hporpquġ

„9H^poqqqurw qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owsprrJ+utxqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<owrxoqJ+uttsvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½ OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9

„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owsprrJ+utxqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH \Oj[L<owrxoqJ+uttsvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ouqtqxJ+ppxptSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ „L/\Oj[L<owsprrJ+utxqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otssotJ+txrwqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owsprrJ+utxqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqtqx J+ppxptSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otssotJ+txrwqtSI[+L[H Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouqtqxJ+ppxptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLíÊǶT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owsprrJ+utxqtS I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otssotJ+txrwqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owrxoqJ+uttsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Louorrq„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovrstv„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxqopu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqtos„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[opspss„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[ortvro„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Louoxqs„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owqqqr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hporxqv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqtrqv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtpqp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osroqv„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď6


sÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ptQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qsQ[>­uvvO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHptU\@O^.W[QsOX[;ps @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SOWÄźS[WTĂ­]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]OTS[QS[WR[Ă&#x160;[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottstpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otssrsJ+txrxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqstrs qs 

XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<owrxpoJ+utuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<owoxsoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otprptJ+qwqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<osrtsx

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqpsus pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLowpwprÄĄposssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppvpqu qu qMJ

ouosqvÄĄoutptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpspoÄĄppruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžppupotw s qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqqrtsÄĄoppppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovqrptÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqqqrqv pp rMJ

ovrrqrÄĄoxoqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorqs(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[\Oj[L<osrtsxJ+tutoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osoopq qs (

tstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<otssrsJ+txrxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]orsqpr p qMJ

J+tutoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<ooqppvJ+supsqt

QĂžTxotxtt qp qMJ

opppqoÄĄoqsxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvtrÄĄotptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłutsqp ps sMJ

optwstÄĄorrrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopppqoÄĄoqooppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqspqu t sMJ

owtstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqxrxÄĄoropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqqrqv qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owrxosJ+utttqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ooqppoJ+suprstSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

\Oj[L<owoxrpJ+tssrvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ooqppoJ+suprstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osrtspJ+tutoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopq psptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrxosJ+utttqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owoxrpJ+tssrvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<osrtspJ+tutoqtS I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrxosJ+utttqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osrtspJ+tutoqtSI[+L[HXO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owoxrp J+tssrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouotqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HportrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?7


tÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;puQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qtQ[>­uvvO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpuU\@O^.W[QtOX[;pt @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottrsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<osruppJ+tutppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorsppu qt 

owpoopJ+tsttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ovpvqxJ+rrvpqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortqrwJ+qtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ororpw

Â&#x201E;@[T[9utqopw ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLottoruÄĄovqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppvtopv qu qMJ

outqowÄĄoxpsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptwpoÄĄottstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppvpwqq s rMJ

poswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprrprÄĄpqqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;sqqqopv pp rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowtsoxÄĄpoqtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqtvqoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louorst(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<ororpwJ+trpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ossptw qt (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGOO\Oj[L<osruppJ+tutppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ossoss p qMJ

J+trpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;S[\H<poosrpJ+sorqvt

QĂžTxprtpx qp qMJ

oxttqoÄĄpprrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvtvÄĄotpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłutrrtt ps sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqooosÄĄorrvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpsowÄĄ

U\Lqsusr t sMJ

poswsxÄĄppruoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptvsqÄĄopqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqqopv qt pMJ

osquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owpopuJ+tsuroSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovpvsqJ+rrvstSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<owpopuJ+tsuroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpopuJ+tsuroS I[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpvsqJ+rrvstSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpv pwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<owpopuJ+tsuroSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpvsqJ+rrvstSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ororppJ+trpqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpvsqJ+ rrvstSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ororppJ+trpqvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

owpopuJ+tsuroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ororppJ+trpqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovpvsqJ+rrvstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LotttspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pppvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouoprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqstruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?8


uÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pvQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]quQ[>­uvvO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpvU\@O^.W[QuOX[;pu @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottqsrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<opppqrJ+swqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrwqp qu 

ououtuJ+osrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<ovrprqJ+rspqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upxwrs pt sMJ

ovqvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrsvÄĄoppotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Kppwsrsx qu qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoroppsÄĄosrrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrrppÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louosou(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ovpwpqJ+rrwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otqrpq qu (

oqoxsqJ+qosvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<opppqrJ+swqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]otrxpr p qMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HoppopxÄĄorrqorQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotsxrrÄĄ

QĂžTxqporv qp qMJ

oxtsstÄĄposrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpsovÄĄpoopqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłutqtsv ps sMJ

ouotowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptxqwÄĄopqwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppwqtrt s rMJ U\Lqspqt t sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqqpvu pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqpvu qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovpwqwJ+rrxsoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oppppuJ+swqspvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

ououswJ+osrvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<

ovpwqwJ+rrxsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[\Oj[L<oppppuJ+swqspvtS

I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <ovpwqwJ+rrxsoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ououswJ+osrvtS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpwqwJ+rrxsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppppuJ+swqspvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ououswJ+osrvtSI[+L[HL^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpwqwJ+rrxsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oppppuJ+swqspvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

ououswJ+osrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oppppuJ+swqspvtSI[+L[H MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovpwqwJ+rrxsoSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<

oppppuJ+swqspvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<ououswJ+osrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S84

M[\Ä?9


vÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pwQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qvQ[>­uvvO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpwU\@O^.W[QvOX[;pv @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottpsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<pporruJ+srtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotruss qv 

\Oj[L<ossprxJ+tvpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxttpqJ+popusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vrwtp pu sMJ

ÄĄovqustÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowpttrÄĄposrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppospÄĄ

O^Kppxspst qu qMJ

oxpsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrppuÄĄospwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžppxrqrw s rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowpttrÄĄoxotopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrxsvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqqprtt pp rMJ

poqstqÄĄpptutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqpwÄĄporosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosqv(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<ouovsoJ+ostpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louosru qw (

pqoxqxJ+ptsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<pporruJ+srtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ourvso p qMJ

Q[J[L<ossstrJ+qvpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotswqx

QĂžTxqstto qp qMJ

oqswtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqvprÄĄouotqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovrxsvÄĄ

Ç?Çłutpvrx ps sMJ

poswqrÄĄpprtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospwqtÄĄottqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqspvrp t sMJ

owqutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtqssÄĄpoqstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqprtt qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ouovrrJ+ostSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ossptqJ+tvprqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ouovrrJ+ostSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[

O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouovrrJ+ostS I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ossptqJ+tvprqvtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouovrrJ+ostSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ossptqJ+tvprqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<ouovrrJ+ostSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pportpJ+srtstSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouovrrJ+ostS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H< pportpJ+srtstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossptqJ+tvprqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxosrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppoxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opquooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orspswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?10


wÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pxQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qwQ[>­uvvO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpxU\@O^.W[QwOX[;pw @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottoruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owstqsJ+rvqqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louruqx qw 

<orovooJ+trpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGOO\Oj[L<oxtupxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovrropJ+sqrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpvpwrr pw pMJ

oxtrrsÄĄoppoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvooÄĄposwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppposrto qu rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLourusoÄĄovqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouottoÄĄ

ǜžpqorxro s sMJ

otsvquÄĄovpxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrrrqÄĄouottoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louossw(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ossqstJ+tvptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousvop qx (

popxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owstqsJ+rvqqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ovrus p rMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswtrJ+qoouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTxrqotw qp rMJ

pqqqpuÄĄoptuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsrquÄĄospvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłutxrp ps sMJ

outqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwtuÄĄoroppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqsqrr t sMJ

ouottoÄĄovrsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqrquÄĄottpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqqpost pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqpost qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orovpsJ+trpxroSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovrrpuJ+sqsrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxtupqJ+popxpvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L 9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovrrpuJ+sqsrtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orovpsJ+

trpxroSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owstrvJ+rvqqtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<oxtupqJ+popxpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owstrvJ+rvqqtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

orovpsJ+trpxroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ 

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxoortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osposwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?11


xÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qoQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qxQ[>­uvvO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqoU\@O^.W[QxOX[;px @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsxrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ouqposJ+rpqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrvrv qx 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovrsoxJ+squsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ouqpos

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<posuoqJ+pqquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wprsrs px pMJ

oxtqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsoouÄĄoxpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kppppsxsx qu rMJ

outrowÄĄovsoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqptqÄĄorqxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqpsupp s sMJ

ospuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqrsxÄĄpptupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louotow(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<opqvrxJ+sxprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovrpqo ro (

J+rpqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otovptJ+twqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]owrsqv p rMJ

ovsopuJ+ssssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLourtsrÄĄ

QĂžTxrtttx qp rMJ

otsuqrÄĄourtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppopuÄĄoptxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłutpqr ps sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosqvrqÄĄotputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqxsrÄĄ

U\Lqsqwrx t sMJ

pptupvÄĄopqwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopquqvÄĄoqtsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqqvrs pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqvrs qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<opqvrrJ+sxpqttSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrsqqJ+sqvqoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opqvrr J+sxpqttSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opqvrrJ+sxpqttSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouqotuJ+

rpqrstSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovrsqqJ+sqvqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ouqotuJ+rpqrstSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<opqvrrJ+sxpqttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovppqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppopqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osoutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otruopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?12


poÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qpQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]roQ[>­uvvO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqpU\@O^.W[QpoOX[;qo @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotswqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortstvJ+qtqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howsooo ro 

J+ststqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<otowqrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqsqpsJ+tqqqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpttrro qo pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotstqpÄĄovqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpppqtxqu qu rMJ

pprsruÄĄoqsqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwpvÄĄotpvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqqtqsp s sMJ

oqsqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroppsÄĄosrrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louotqx(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H<ppswqo

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowpwqs rp (

twqsuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortstvJ+qtqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oxrqsv p rMJ

ovspoqJ+ssurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<osrttwJ+tvurqt

QĂžTxsrott qp rMJ

pospsxÄĄoppoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrqsÄĄoxpsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłustrpt ps sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtrÄĄorrwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopttpqÄĄ

U\Lqsrsqo t sMJ

ovpwooÄĄowtorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporopoÄĄpptwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqqsqs pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqsqs qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<ppswprJ+stsrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsotrJ+ssuptSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppswpr J+stsrtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppswprJ+stsrtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortstoJ+qtqpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppswprJ+stsrtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortstoJ+qtqpvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovsotrJ+ssuptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortstoJ+qtqpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppswprJ+stsrtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HL X[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovovqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orroooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovtsto

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/osoqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?13


ppÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qqQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rpQ[>­uvvO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqqU\@O^.W[QppOX[;qp @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsvquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprpsqJ+pxqttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxsrov rp 

Ă&#x2DC;OG[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprpsqJ+pxqttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tvxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<oprvouJ+sxspuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xoppsx qp qMJ

oqswtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwqqÄĄotpvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HououtrÄĄ

O^Kpppspqqx qu sMJ

orqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxtpÄĄoptxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpqrtwtw t pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqwqtÄĄoroppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrsrtÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louotto(

I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[S[\H<poprspJ+sppotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxowsx p (

<ooqqprJ+surssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<osrvou

Â&#x201E;OT]oporpt p sMJ

ÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLowpqsxÄĄpospqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxtpÄĄ

QĂžTxttst qp rMJ

outrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprtwÄĄpprspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptsrvÄĄ

Ç?Çłusstw ps sMJ

pqqposÄĄopovtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpvowÄĄowsxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqssou t sMJ

oxoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqqppr pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqppr qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<poprrsJ+spporqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprprtJ+pxqtrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9 Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

poprrsJ+spporqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ S[\H<poprrsJ+spporqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oprprtJ+pxqtrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<poprrsJ+spporqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprprtJ+pxqtrtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L I[bL/\Oj[L<ppptqxJ+prsvtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprprtJ+pxqtrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<poprrsJ+spporqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppptqxJ+prsvtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovorroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowswswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orquosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovtott

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoowopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/ortxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?14


pqÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qrQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqrU\@O^.W[QpqOX[;qq @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsuqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<pppuqrJ+prtopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hposttw p 

owswquJ+rvsoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pppuqrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxpqrqJ+wsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśPS[\H<posuro

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpsqup qq qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxtpptÄĄpproqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwquÄĄotpvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppptqwss qu sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxptÄĄorrwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxprtvÄĄ

ǜžpqtts t pMJ

posvpxÄĄpprsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttptÄĄopqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqptwq pp rMJ

ospxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououpp(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oxpqrqJ+wsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpooqsu q (

prtopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<popqsoJ+sppottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]oppqxqp p sMJ

J+sqrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrpuÄĄovqqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTxtsoqw qp rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoutrttÄĄoxprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptsoqÄĄotsvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłusrvq ps sMJ

posvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpproqvÄĄpqqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lqssttu t sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsxpuÄĄpoqqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqtqqrÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqptwq qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owswsoJ+rvsottSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxpqqtJ+wsqtqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pppupuJ+

prsxttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxpqqtJ+wsqtqt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owswsoJ+rvsottSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owswsoJ+rvsottSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pppupuJ+prsxttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxpqqtJ+wsqtqtSI[+L[H

9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pppupuJ+prsxttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owswsoJ+ rvsottSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxpqqtJ+ wsqtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opouqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoosotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orttosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?15


prÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qsQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqsU\@O^.W[QprOX[;qr @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotstqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxprpxJ+wstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppsvpp q 

<ovrvttJ+rssurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovquoqJ+spxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqwrqsw qr qMJ

orqurwQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotsqpsÄĄovqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposoqrÄĄ

O^Kpppusvtw qv pMJ

oxprtuÄĄpooorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropptÄĄosrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqupotw t pMJ

opqsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louourq(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ovquoqJ+spxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpotxsw r (

oxprpxJ+wstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpvpoJ+ruqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]opqqvrt p sMJ

owovsvJ+ruppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoutqÄĄ

QĂžTxuptu qp rMJ

opoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtospÄĄposoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłusqwtw ps sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrsqtÄĄouovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptutxÄĄ

U\Lqstptp t sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqptstq pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqptstq qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxprpqJ+wsstoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovrvsvJ+rssupvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxprpqJ+wsstoS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovrvsvJ+rssupvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovrvsvJ+rssupvtSI[+L[H

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxprpqJ+wsstoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqupvJ+sqovtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxprpqJ+wsstoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovqupvJ+sqovtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpostsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpooooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?16


ps…OU[:wsQ[\S/bS/wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSpt…OU[:>[ŃqtQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]r5\ÑTuvvO[+T[bJUqo…>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTpr…>Htxx…QcHqtU\@O^.W[QpsOX[;qs @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsspwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovqusxJ+sqpqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqstqq r 

Q[J[L<oustsvJ+rqrwtqt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouopowJ+osxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;ÓƬ

„@[T[9popqqxpq qs qMJ

ovqosv„Mj[-X[ġowporsġporxts„Mj[-X[ġopoxptġ

O^Kpppwpop qv pMJ

oxprtt„Mj[-X[ġorqttqġospqqp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

Ƕ¾pqvpurx t qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowporsġoxooqo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovsottġ

S[ȉsqptpsp pp rMJ

poqppsġpptsrs„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxoqpvġpoqxqw„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououtr(

59[JU]\Oj[L<ouopowJ+osxsvt„Mj[I[+L[Hǚz[JU]LíÊUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpptwts s (

ovqusxJ+sqpqvt„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouspotJ+rqqvvt„Mj[

„OT]oprqtsu q pMJ

Q[J[L<otssrtJ+rottqt„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń-Q`HbR[;\JLotspprġ

QþTxusxru qp sMJ

oqswsx„Mj[-X[ġosqwqqġouovtu„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsottġ

Ǐdzusqotu ps sMJ

posutsġpprrqs„Mj[-X[ġospqqpġotstqp„Mj[(

U\Lqstvto t sMJ

owqvqt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsvtsġpoqpps„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^poqptpsp qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<oustrxJ+rqrwrqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqusqJ+sqppoSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^Ŧ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHQ[J[L<oustrx J+rqrwrqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<oustrxJ+

rqrwrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ Q[J[L<oustrxJ+rqrwrqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouopooJ+osxqvtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqusqJ+sqppoSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouopooJ+osxqvtS

I[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L< ovqusqJ+sqppoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<oustrxJ+rqrwrqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<ouopooJ+osxqvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Loutpsq„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowrvoo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpospto„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtwqx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orpspt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotquox„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovrxov„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxtupr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqpopr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqowot„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsvpp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpuqq„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď17


ptÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;quQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHquU\@O^.W[QptOX[;qt @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]OÇł\IL]59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ouoprqJ+otosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprxrr

otsopq\Oj[LoxsxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ouoprqJ+otosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otqvsrJ+qxqupt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqupqsx qt qMJ

/Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsoosJ+qstvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Kpppxrssp qv pMJ

pqpxroÄĄoptqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrwsqÄĄospproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqwqqv t qMJ

outsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvstÄĄoroppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;sqpswrp pp rMJ

ouowpvÄĄovrtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospvpwÄĄotsspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovps(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<otoosrJ+twqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

s O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqtwsw t (

oupusoJ+rpqwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]opsqrtu q pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otoosrJ+twqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;

QĂžTxvqso qp sMJ

oxsxrsÄĄopoxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvroÄĄposusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłuspqtu ps sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouroosÄĄovpxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouowpvÄĄ

U\Lqtrtr t sMJ

otsopqÄĄovprsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrssvÄĄouowpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpswrp qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrxtvJ+qstutoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<oupurqJ+rpqwpvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V \W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouopquJ+otorqtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrxtvJ+qstutoS

I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs

quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<oupurqJ+rpqwpvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<oupurqJ+rpqwpvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouopquJ+otorqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VQ[J[L<oupurqJ+rpqwpvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<otootuJ+twqptoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouopquJ+otorqtSI[+L[H M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otootuJ+twqptoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ouopquJ+otorqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<oupurqJ+rpqwpvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otootuJ+twqptoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqoupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?18


pu…OU[:wsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSpv…OU[:>[ŃqwQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]t5\ÑTuvvO[+T[bJUqq…>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTpt…>Htxx…QcHqwU\@O^.W[QpuOX[;qu @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqpsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<otopoxJ+twqqqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqxqq

osqwstJ+tvrtt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊ1ġSP[ÍMJQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+twqqqqt„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ossotxJ+qvrptvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9ppxsptr qu qMJ

optuqvJ+qosorvt„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;\JLouqxoxġ

O^Kppqppsv qv qMJ

otrxppġouqxox„Mj[-X[ġopowtqġoptwto„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ƕ¾pqxqvqp t qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosqwsrġotpwsp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horqsqpġ

S[ȉsqpstqo pp rMJ

pptrttġopqvru„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopqqsvġoqsxrv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovrt(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrxpp\Oj[Loxsxoo„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

t O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[optwpx u (

ouprtpJ+rpqsvt„Mj[I[+L[H„SOH]9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<otopox

„OT]optqqs q pMJ

O\G@\Oj[L<osqwstJ+tvrtt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;…OK`\H„O\LSMS<

QþTxvtwpv qp sMJ

oxsxoo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsppuġoxprtr„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzusstw ps sMJ

outstvġovsppu„Mj[-X[ġpqpxovġorqsqp„Mj[(

U\Lqtpop t sMJ

osporx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqopsġpptrtt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^poqpstqo qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\QÊQ[J[L<oupsotJ+rpqssqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ „O\LSMS<optusqJ+qospptSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<oupsotJ+

rpqssqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[„L/Q[J[L<oupsotJ+rpqssqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osqwruJ+

tvrrqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(„O\LSMS<optusqJ+qospptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<oupsotJ+rpqssqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<osqwruJ+tvrrqtSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lousrtp„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowqxow„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lporrtw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtorw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orouqs„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotpwpv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovrppt„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxswqp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqoqqp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoops„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrxqo„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otowro„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď19


pvÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qxQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqxU\@O^.W[QpvOX[;qv @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<osqwsxJ+tvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orptou

ousortJ+rqrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osqwsx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<osqvopJ+tvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqqttqr qv qMJ

ovpwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporwrpÄĄopowspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttprÄĄ

O^Kppqqrppp qv qMJ

orrwtoÄĄotpwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswsvÄĄorrwto

ǜžqorqqr t rMJ

osrtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpqoqÄĄowsttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louovtu(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<osqvopJ+tvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Q[J[L<

u O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqturx v (

J+tvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<osqrsvJ+qutproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L

Â&#x201E;OT]opuqox q pMJ

pqrurvJ+pvqrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwppÄĄ

QĂžTxwrqqv qp sMJ

oxprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqrpÄĄoqrvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłurtvs ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptppoÄĄoqrvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroppwÄĄ

U\Lqtpupr t sMJ

poqwtwÄĄppttrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqpsqx pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpsqx qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ousoqwJ+rqrrpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqruqxJ+pvqrptSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ousoqwJ+rqrrpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ousoqwJ+

rqrrpqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ousoqwJ+rqrrpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L <osqvptJ+tvqsoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<pqruqxJ+pvqrptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ousoqwJ+rqrrpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<osqvptJ+tvqso

SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxssquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otosrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?20


pwÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;roQK^W^KLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHroU\@O^.W[QpwOX[;qw @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsopqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<osqussJ+tvpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortvqv

Q[J[L<ovrvrqJ+rstwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qvqwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<osturvJ+twpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ottrx p qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowovrvÄĄporworÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowroÄĄ

O^Kppqsqsq qv rMJ

outtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprtqÄĄpprqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptoruÄĄ

ǜžqprvpo t rMJ

pqpwqpÄĄoposqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpppqÄĄowstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqprwtx pp rMJ

oxoqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowpv(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<osturvJ+twpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

v O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortrqx w (

osqussJ+tvpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<osrvrqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opvpwpr q qMJ

\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<ppsotrJ+ptustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L

QĂžTxxuro qp sMJ

oqswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwtuÄĄotpxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouoxqqÄĄ

Ç?Çłursxpq ps sMJ

orqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopowroÄĄoptwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lqtqqqx t sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqvpwÄĄoroppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrttpÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqprwtx qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ovrvqsJ+rstwqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovrvqs J+rstwqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ovrvqsJ+rstwqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<osturoJ+twpwpvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppsosuJ+

ptuqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrvqsJ+rstwqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osturoJ+twpwpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?21


pxÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;p\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHp9[bTL.W[QpxOX[;qx @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<ostttxJ+twpuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrvpv

oxosqqJ+rwrvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGL[;\Oj[L<ostttx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OO\Oj[L<ottuovJ+osxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opwrtsx q qMJ

ovpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsvqqÄĄppqvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxopÄĄ

O^Kppqtrups qv rMJ

otsopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwrrÄĄorrxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqqspsr t rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpostttÄĄpprptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqtwÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqprtsw pp rMJ

oqsvrtÄĄosprtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowrx(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<ottuovJ+osxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]S[\H<

w O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losswts x (

J+twpuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜQ[J[L<otqqpuJ+qxqqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opwpups q qMJ

ppoxsoJ+prtppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotruppÄĄ

QĂžTxxsoqt qp sMJ

otpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttsuÄĄoxprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptoorÄĄ

Ç?Çłurspqs ps sMJ

oxprtpÄĄpostttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvtpÄĄpqpwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqtqwsx t sMJ

opqvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowssrtÄĄpopwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poqprtsw qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<oxospuJ+rwrvsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ottttxJ+osxroSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottttx J+osxroSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp rsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxospuJ+rwrvsqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqo qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxospuJ+

rwrvsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottttxJ+osxroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 

K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<oxospuJ+rwrvsqtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ottttxJ+osxroSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottttxJ+osxroS I[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(

\Oj[L<ppoxrrJ+prtottSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ S[\H<oxospuJ+rwrvsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ottttxJ+osxroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotourpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opswquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?22


qoÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;p\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHp9[bTL.W[QqoOX[;ro @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<otttowJ+osvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otptrr

potwpsJ+srqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGOO\Oj[L<otttowJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovqptqJ+squsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppstp r qMJ

orqpqqQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrtpqÄĄovpttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvpoÄĄ

O^Kppqvppru qv sMJ

oxprtpÄĄoxtxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropqrÄĄosrtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqrsup t sMJ

opqosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxoo(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<ovqptqJ+squsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[S[\H<

x O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotsrov po (

osvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ourtquJ+rqqwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opxpspr q qMJ

<ppopowJ+prrqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;S[\HoporrrÄĄ

QĂžTxpopspq qq pMJ

opowoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsutoÄĄporvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłurrrso ps sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrtssÄĄoupoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptsrxÄĄ

U\Lqtrtpr t sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqprqrw pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqprqrw qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<potwovJ+srqstoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<potwov J+srqstoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

otttooJ+osvqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ovqpstJ+squqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otttooJ+osvqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<potwovJ+

srqstoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqpstJ+squqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

otttooJ+osvqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqpstJ+squqqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otttooJ+osvqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<potwovJ+srqstoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT

/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovqpstJ+squqqtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotoqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?23


qpÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;q\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]po5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHq9[bTL.W[QqpOX[;p @Q[\J1T.1j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovqotsJ+sqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ottrou

\Oj[L<oppsquJ+sxporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oxowrrJ+wttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pprqqqq s qMJ

otrspsÄĄovptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowotqxÄĄporussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppqwswsr qv sMJ

ovsqpoÄĄoxprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqorwÄĄosouqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqstos t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowotqxÄĄowtttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsqpoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqpqxqv pp rMJ

popvsxÄĄpptqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqqsÄĄpoqwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxqq(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<oxowrrJ+wttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]

po O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louruqt pp (

ovqotsJ+sqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpqqqJ+rurqtt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqopqpp q rMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<pppqssJ+psrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTxposvtq qq pMJ

opovtwÄĄoqswswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqxrwÄĄoupoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłurquo ps sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpostrrÄĄpprpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosouqxÄĄotrwpp

U\Lqtspso t sMJ

owqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsrpvÄĄpopvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpqxqv qt pMJ

O^KO\ž/H/S[\H<pottrsJ+ srqott Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oppspwJ+sxpopoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oppspw J+sxpopoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqosuJ+sqrttSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppspwJ+sxpopoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxowqtJ+wttqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqosuJ+sqrttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ovqosuJ+sqrttSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxowqtJ+wttqvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JL

JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovqosuJ+sqrttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oppspwJ+sxpopoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxowqtJ+wttqvtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowoxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?24


qqÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;r\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pp5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHr9[bTL.W[QqqOX[;q @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]>Ĺ LR[Ă&#x160;[Ă&#x2DC;]MSÇśS[Q@jÄź]-Ă­jH`H]j[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oxovprJ+wtqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourosv pq 

9SG;S\Oj[L<oxovprJ+wtqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<pooupu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstsvÄĄopovsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqtrpv t pMJ

oqrsoxÄĄosotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqrsuÄĄovpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kooqvqu p pMJ

oropqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrrpuÄĄovovtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqttrtp t sMJ

-X[ÄĄosppqrÄĄotrvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxss(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<orstqrJ+ttropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqxos pq (

J+spqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<pprxowJ+ptpqpt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqppou q rMJ

owqwouÄĄpostqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputrÄĄopswqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTxppqpqr qq pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoupotoÄĄouturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqustÄĄ

Ç?Çłurpwqt ps rMJ

osruoxÄĄoupotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupotoÄĄovrurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lqtswpq t sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqpqupu pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpqupu qt pMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twsqo Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<poouroJ+spqosoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<orstptJ+ttqxtvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ S[\H<poouroJ+spqosoS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orstptJ+ttqxtvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxovouJ+

wtqpoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppovsqJ+prtutSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxovouJ+wtqpoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orstptJ+ttqxtvtSI[+L[H XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppovsqJ+prtutSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowotrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?25


qrÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;s\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHs9[bTL.W[QqrOX[;r @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtpqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ppouqxJ+prtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourosv pq 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ppouqxJ+prtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ooowquJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouqqtsÄĄoxstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qvrsps u pMJ

-X[ÄĄopovrxÄĄoptwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoututrÄĄovsqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqvso p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpxpqÄĄosostqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoputsÄĄ

ǜžqutvqr u pMJ

oppxpxÄĄoqsstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoou(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<ouqqotJ+qsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqxos pq (

suroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<pqpstrJ+pussqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqqwo q rMJ

ovsqrrÄĄoxprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrqpwÄĄouqqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTxpptssu qq pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpurqÄĄorpxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrooqÄĄotqorv

Ç?Çłurpots ps rMJ

pptpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptpsuÄĄopqurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqttssw t sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqpqru pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpqru qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ouqqqoJ+qttSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqqqoJ+

qttSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppouqqJ+prtqstS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqqqoJ+qttSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqqqoJ+qtt SI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppouqqJ+prtqstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppouqqJ+prtqstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ouqqqoJ+qttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowoprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoouquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovorstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orppswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?26


qsÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;t\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;>HwrP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHt9[bTL.W[QqsOX[;s @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrspsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowsoJ+pxottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovoxpw pr 

owttpsJ+wqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowso

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<pqtrpqJ+pwqqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpxrtpq u sMJ

S[\HoutvpoÄĄoxprtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprorvÄĄoqrqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Korsxpw p qMJ

orrxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsvqoÄĄoqrqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqworw u pMJ

9[TS[\HpoqvtvÄĄpptrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoqw(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<ouqpoxJ+qqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqpow pr (

J+pxottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oqowsvJ+tprrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrttq q rMJ

\JLotrpqpÄĄovpqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportqvÄĄopovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTxpqqwp qq pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrxrrÄĄotqotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtqÄĄ

Ç?Çłurrqw ps rMJ

oroprqÄĄosrursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovouqrÄĄowspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqupqv t sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqppxtt pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqppxtt qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ouqpopJ+qpsvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owttqwJ+wropvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owttqwJ+wropvtSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqpopJ+qpsvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owttqwJ+ wropvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< ouqpopJ+qpsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owttqwJ+

wropvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ouqpopJ+qpsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowtsJ+pxproS I[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

ouqpopJ+qpsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowtsJ+pxproSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owttqwJ+wropvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxputrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?27


qtÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;u\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHu9[bTL.W[QqtOX[;t @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]>Ĺ LVĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orossrJ+qrtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovsxpt ps 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orossrJ+qrtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pxsvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLowoqssÄĄportoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rprvrq v sMJ

O[bS[S[\HoupptwÄĄoutvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprtsÄĄpproqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kotrqps p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpttpÄĄopopqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovotrvÄĄ

ǜžqxrru u pMJ

ovrvptÄĄoxoqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoto(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<owtspwJ+wqvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpqru ps (

ortwopJ+tuppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opquqvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqsrsp q sMJ

-X[ÄĄopovqpÄĄoqswtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxsoÄĄotqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTxprpv qq pMJ

-X[ÄĄopsusxÄĄorpvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovqpÄĄoptwov

Ç?Çłuqtuw ps rMJ

owsoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopquqrÄĄoroprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lquwpo t sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqppuss pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqppuss qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owtspoJ+wqvqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppptrxJ+psqtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtspoJ+wqvqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppptrxJ+ psqtqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtspoJ+wqvqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orostwJ+qrtsqtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orostwJ+qrtsqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[ M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owtspoJ+

wqvqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orostwJ+qrtsqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppptrxJ+psqtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouowqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxpqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orortvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?28


quÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;v\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHv9[bTL.W[QquOX[;u @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];Ăž[/Q[S@SQ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osstqoJ+qwxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrpov pt 

9SG;S\Oj[L<ortvotJ+tuwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osstqo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswrsJ+qosvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rprssss w sMJ

orrxsvÄĄotqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvstÄĄoxprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kovpuqq p rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxprtuÄĄposssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqtqxÄĄ

ǜžqpoupv u qMJ

pptottÄĄopqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsopqÄĄpoptrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupppr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<pppsqwJ+psqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoorpq pt (

J+qwxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otqwpoJ+txtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]oqtpqx q sMJ

\JLotqxqxÄĄovpppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsrsvÄĄppqtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTxprrsr qq qMJ

opsupwÄĄotrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwosÄĄorrxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłuqswts ps rMJ

pqpuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposssrÄĄpproovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqupstu t sMJ

9[TS[\HoqsroqÄĄosowoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqpprrs pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpprrs qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pppssrJ+psqrtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pppssrJ+psqrt SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pppssrJ+psqrtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osstrrJ+qwpopoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osstrrJ+ qwpopoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osstrrJ+qwpopoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pppssrJ+psqrtS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osstrrJ+ qwpopoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouosrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxoxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?29


qv…OU[:wsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSqw…OU[:>[Ńw\Ê\O¾QQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pu5\ÑTuvvO[+T[bJUr…OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTqu…>Htxx…QcHw9[bTL.W[QqvOX[;v @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]Ø]S[K[9^ĚSQbX[¢WO-9S[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpqpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ Q[J[L<ouorptJ+rpqusqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxptpr pu 

Q<[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<otqvpsJ+txtuso„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;O`\ĭ„O\LSMS<optrstJ+qpqtvt„Mj[

„@[T[9rquoq x rMJ

otqwrsġovpoqw„Mj[-X[ġporspsġopovos„Mj[(

O^Koxprw p rMJ

oxtxpu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropsqġosrvpr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupprt(

I[+L[HLOQ]LíÊ-bƂV[„O\LSMS<oppsoxJ+pxqrtvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotqrw pu (

ouorptJ+rpqusqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ourqoqJ+qsott

„OT]oqttxpt q sMJ

I[+L[HǝO-Q`HbR[;S[\HopooqxġorpuqsQbXŃbR[;\JL

QþTxpsutp qq qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsrpwġporsps„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxprtvġ

Ǐdzuqspst ps rMJ

osrvprġoupqss„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptqrpġoppvqw„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qppwso u qMJ U\Lquqpsu t sMJ

S[ȉsqppoqr pp rMJ

„9H^poqppoqr qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

„R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ„O\LSMS<oppsqsJ+pxqsrtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S 9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[„O\LSMS<oppsqsJ+pxqsrtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV 99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH „O\LSMS<oppsqsJ+pxqsrtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<oppsqsJ+pxqsrtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\L XO[TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L<ouorowJ+rpquqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS „íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<

ouorowJ+rpquqtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<oppsqsJ+pxqsrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouorowJ+rpquqtSI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louoort„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovsttr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxtosq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqovqr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqqrox„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losrtor„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louswop„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxotou„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpppxot„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opputw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtuou„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtpu„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď30


qwÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;x\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pv5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHx9[bTL.W[QqwOX[;w @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]W]H[LOQ]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotroqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<outrotJ+rrrrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpooprv pv 

M_O­N[ÇľL]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ourproJ+qrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwotJ+qoquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9swqupu po rMJ

porrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoutuÄĄoqsxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrposÄĄ

O^Koposvtu p sMJ

osootuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpossqtÄĄppqxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqpqpost u qMJ

9^\T9S[\HovsrrrÄĄowqwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrxoqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqpvpr pp rMJ

oxoqspÄĄpoqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupptw(

I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvtuJ+qrqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppsorr pv (

<outrotJ+rrrrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovousuJ+spo

Â&#x201E;OT]oqutuuo r pMJ

O½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvsoÄĄovoxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoostÄĄ

QĂžTxpsrxqx qq qMJ

ouprovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsrrrÄĄoxprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorptsrÄĄ

Ç?Çłuqrssr ps rMJ

osootuÄĄotrpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoostÄĄowtpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lquqwso t sMJ

popssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopssrÄĄpptoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpvpr qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvswJ+qrqoqoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvswJ+qrqoqoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvswJ+qrqoqoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

outqtxJ+rrrrpvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outqtxJ+rrrrpvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourpqrJ+qrxpvtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvswJ+qrqoqoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L< outqtxJ+rrrrpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqorqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoussotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxoppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppptoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?31


qxÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;po\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pw5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpo9[bTL.W[QqxOX[;x @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovpptxJ+rsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotopv pw 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovoupsJ+swsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<pqtwsoJ+pwsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqptst pp rMJ

posspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsrqÄĄopsssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqxttÄĄ

O^Kopqrtpq p sMJ

ouprrpÄĄoutwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqttxÄĄoroptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqprpqro u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouprrpÄĄovrwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosotswÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqqp(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortptoJ+quqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqusq pw (

ovpptxJ+rsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovoxtpJ+spxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqvtssq r pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsqqpÄĄopousxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqwtsÄĄ

QĂžTxptpptv qq qMJ

osoopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupvtrÄĄovoxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłuqqvsv ps rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotqusuÄĄovoqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrvsoÄĄouprrp

U\Lqurtru t sMJ

otroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqpsq pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpsq qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortpsrJ+quqqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovpootJ+sqoroSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ovpootJ+sqoroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortpsrJ+quqqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortpsrJ+quqqqtSI[+L[H

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortpsrJ+quqqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovpqpsJ+rsqrsoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovouovJ+swqqtSI[+L[HM^S[

@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortpsrJ+ quqqqtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovpqpsJ+rsqrsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppppprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqswpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?32


roÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpp9[bTL.W[QroOX[;po @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bQ[\XL]59[JU]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WOT\QH/ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwrsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<outxtwJ+rrttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsotx px 

XĆ&#x161;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovpoorJ+sqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<ppttoxJ+puprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tsos pq rMJ

oxprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqttrÄĄoupvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kopsqrqp q pMJ

pqprssÄĄorprrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrproÄĄotqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpsprtu u rMJ

ppsxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxtsÄĄopqttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqss(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Q[J[L<osqtoxJ+qvqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opppoq px (

outxtwJ+rrttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ousqspJ+rpspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqwtqqr r pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoupvotÄĄoxsptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsrtqÄĄ

QĂžTxptsspt qq qMJ

opousqÄĄoptvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutwtrÄĄovsrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłuqqotw ps rMJ

9^\T9S[\HorprrwÄĄortwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoprtsÄĄ

U\Lqusqru u pMJ

opptrsÄĄoqrxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqpotp pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpotp qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osqtqsJ+qvqwsvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

osqtqsJ+qvqwsvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osqtqsJ+qvqwsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovoopqJ+rrttsvtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SG

O[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqtqsJ+qvqwsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovoopqJ+rrttsvtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovoopqJ+rrttsvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovoxttJ+sqotSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqtqsJ+qvqwsvtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovoopqJ+rrttsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JL JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotswswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqppqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouruprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opotpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?33


rpÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;>HtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpq9[bTL.W[QrpOX[;pp @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]M^ÇłbV[ÄĄQÇł\ĂŤL]\M\MH9]Ç&#x161;z[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<oupwoqJ+rqpqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrrqw qo 

XĆ&#x161;[Q[J[L<osqxqoJ+qvsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otsussJ+otuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpvpot pr rMJ

wopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqtopÄĄovovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kopupqpw q pMJ

-X[ÄĄppqwrqÄĄoqqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsoqvÄĄotqrop

ǜžqptptq u rMJ

oqqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroptxÄĄosrwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louprov(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqtop\Oj[LoxspquÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optrsp qo (

ousqtqJ+rpsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<oupwoqJ+rqpqrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqxtoq r pMJ

OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<poqvoxJ+pqrtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<owrupuJ+

QĂžTxpupuqr qq qMJ

-X[ÄĄporqssÄĄopourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutxpqÄĄoxprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłuqpspu ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxpoÄĄorsoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrprÄĄ

U\Lqusxso u pMJ

ovoppoÄĄowrvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqusxÄĄpptotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqotvsp pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqotvsp qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<osqxprJ+qvsoroSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<otsuruJ+otuvtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsuruJ+

otuvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpx

qpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqxprJ+qvsoroSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<S W[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L< osqxprJ+qvsoroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LQ[J[L<oupwpvJ+rqprpoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<oupwpvJ+rqprpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/ Q[J[L<oupwpvJ+rqprpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< ousqsuJ+rpsqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqxprJ+qvsoroSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<oupwpvJ+ rqprpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqovqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LospxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpporqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?34


pÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qp5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHpr9[bTL.W[QpÂ&#x201E;@Dpq

@Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsQ[\S uvvsqo \L+bIg9[M[ J+poptto <xrsSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqusuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otowsvJ+qxqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvrq qp 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otsutuJ+otutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otowsv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<owrutqJ+wpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uortst ps rMJ

ovtwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxspooÄĄpqptovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoruÄĄ

O^Kopwqo q qMJ

oqqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqsxprÄĄorsoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqpuptsv u rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopouqxÄĄoptvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqprowÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqotsro pp rMJ

opqtstÄĄoroqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrwsrÄĄoxoqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprrp(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Q[J[L<osouoxJ+qustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrtot qp (

J+qxqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osqstpJ+tvrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]posvrx r qMJ

<ouqtqwJ+qrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotqsoxÄĄ

QĂžTxpuswqo qq rMJ

osrptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupssqÄĄoutxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprowÄĄ

Ç?Çłuqvsq ps rMJ

osrptwÄĄotqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqxovÄĄoxtwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqutusu u pMJ

pqtvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovooqwÄĄowrusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poqotsro qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<osouopJ+qusssoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osouopJ+qusssoSI[+L[H

prtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otoxopJ+qxqqpoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otsutoJ+

otusqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L< osouopJ+qusssoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otoxopJ+qxqqpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqorroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosptqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osotrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?35


qÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ps\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qq5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHps9[bTL.W[QqÂ&#x201E;@Dpr @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]LS\W+X>H^­JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqttrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtsuJ+qtrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqrov qq 

\OU[:[9SG;S\Oj[L<osqtqwJ+tvrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ouquosJ+qruttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upspupw pt rMJ

ovtvsoÄĄppqrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptvtoÄĄotqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kopxtqqr q qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrqxÄĄpqpstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrqtÄĄ

ǜžqpvpupp u sMJ

owruptÄĄpopqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrwppÄĄosoqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprts(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwtqJ+qsswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orptsv qq (

<orrtsuJ+qtrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqsposJ+trpuro

Â&#x201E;OT]ppstps r qMJ

OS]j[L\Oj[L<ortvopJ+tuquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTxpvqou qq rMJ

ouptovÄĄoxtwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqtpÄĄopsqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłuqppt ps rMJ

ppqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxpqÄĄopqtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqvrtu u pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqotppx pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqotppx qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpxouJ+qssxroSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpxouJ+qssxroS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpxouJ+qssxroSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtsoJ+qtrott SI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orpxouJ+qssxroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< orrtsoJ+qtrottSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouqttuJ+qrurtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpxouJ+qssxroSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtsoJ+qtrottSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpottrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?36


r„@DwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSs„@D>[Ńpt\Ê\O¾QQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qr5\ÑTuvvO[+T[bJUpo…OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTr…OU[:txx…QcHpt9[bTL.W[Qr„@Dps

@Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]Ø]9^Q­@jļ]Ø]Q[KO]M_\G­Q[cOU[:]M_\G­Q[Ø]O^ĭM_\G­Q[ P;O[LO^ĭS.\O­P[O\H\I Ø]9`ƋS N^TbJ[T;bńLjS]M^@[

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtopO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ „O\LSMS<opsqtwJ+qotppt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorqopv qr 

-L^S[K[9SGOO„O\LSMS<opsqtwJ+qotppt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

ortvrwJ+tuqvtt„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<oppsrrJ+sxsqpt

„@[T[9uqwpov pu rMJ

ovoooxġoxpsor„Mj[-X[ġpqpqrtġoqquqx„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Koqpsrqr q rMJ

-X[ġoxsooxġppqrpr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsooxġporpsp

Ƕ¾qpwpupq u sMJ

osrwtr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrwtrġouptrp„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupspw(

I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊ\OU[:[„O\LSMS<oqpqowJ+qqspo„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orturt qr (

<oorxtxJ+swptto„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<

„OT]pqsqsw r qMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLorsotsġouptrp„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QþTxpvtpsq qq rMJ

orttstġotqtop„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotqqqwġoupsoo„Mj[

Ǐdzuptstu ps rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpsorġoxtwsp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqptġ

U\Lqvppw u pMJ

pptopuġopprtv„Mj[(

S[ȉsqoswx pp rMJ

„9H^poqoswx qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[„O\LSMS<opsqtpJ+qototvtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[„O\LSMS<oqpqqqJ+qqsstSI[+L[HO`\Ž9 S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QÊ

@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[„O\LSMS<opsqtpJ+qototvtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<

oqpqqqJ+qqsstSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<opsqtpJ+qototvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqpqqqJ+qqsstSI[+L[HL^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<oqpqqqJ+ qqsstSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/„O\LSMS<opsqtpJ+qototvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<

opsqtpJ+qototvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ„O\LSMS<oqpqqqJ+ qqsstSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotrrot„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovpwqq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxqrpq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprxto„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[opttrv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losovrq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louqoqx„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owrvrt„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpotprt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqsxqw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqwrs„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvss„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď37


s„@DwsQ[\S/bS/wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSt„@D>[Ńpu\Ê\O¾QQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qs5\ÑTuvvO[+T[bJUpp…OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTs…OU[:txx…QcHpu9[bTL.W[Qs„@Dpt @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsoxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ \Oj[L<pprsqpJ+ptrpst„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lospxpu qs 

<pqsxtwJ+pwsosvt„Mj[I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oxprtwJ+xsqto„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;\UO

„@[T[9vpqpsts pv rMJ

oqsxqv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpttuġowqxrs„Mj[-X[ġpqtutqġ

O^Koqrrstu q sMJ

ouprpuġovostr„Mj[-X[ġoxrxssġporpqq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qpxpttp u sMJ

owqxrs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrtprġpopqoo„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupssq(

\ƻH]j[\Oj[L<oxprtwJ+xsqto„Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LíÊ-L^S[K[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrwqq qs (

pprsqpJ+ptrpst„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<poqtptJ+sqrwuo

„OT]prsoqp r rMJ

S[\H<poqppvJ+sqqxt„Mj[I[+L[H\Wĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsruġ

QþTxpwqru qq rMJ

orporo„Mj[-X[ġorttorġotqsox„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzupswst ps rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovturoġowswov„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovstopġ

U\Lqvpwqs u pMJ

popqooġppswsv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxoqtxġpoqurp„Mj[(

S[ȉsqosstw pp rMJ

„9H^poqosstw qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<pqtopqJ+pwspqqtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<pppuptJ+psswrqtSI[+L[H

O`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[

@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<pprsrtJ+ptrqqoSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<

pqtopqJ+pwspqqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<pppuptJ+psswrqtS I[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<pqtopqJ+pwspqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxpsppJ+xsrqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pppuptJ+psswrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L< pprsrtJ+ptrqqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprsrtJ+ptrqqoSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxpsppJ+xsrqqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pprsrtJ+ ptrqqoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pqtopqJ+pwspqqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

Q^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxpsppJ+ xsrqqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pppuptJ+psswrqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotqxox„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovpsqv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxpxpu„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprttt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[optpsp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losorru„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Loupurr„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owrrrx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hposvrx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqstrp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqsrw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortrsv„Mj[( Q[\S84

M[\ď38


tÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qt5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHpv9[bTL.W[QtÂ&#x201E;@Dpu @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrpwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxpstvJ+xstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqopu qt 

pppvqpJ+pstppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<oxrvrwJ+posrtvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqpsJ+rusrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ouswotJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vquqvto pw rMJ

W[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLorspptÄĄoupuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovooswÄĄ

O^Koqtqutx q sMJ

otqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqotoÄĄoupqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqqoptu v pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoupuqpÄĄovooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtrqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqospsv pp rMJ

ÄĄoupuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupuqpÄĄovrxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortxtu

O^SH/Q[J[Louptov(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ouswotJ+rsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otqqot qt (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<oxpstvJ+xstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]psrvtp r rMJ

rsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Q[J[L<ovqppqJ+rtottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTxpwtspw qq rMJ

ovstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvrtÄĄopsotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroxttÄĄ

Ç?Çłupsqsq ps rMJ

oxrxqoÄĄpqpsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupqrqÄĄovospsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqvqtsq u pMJ

oroqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqotoÄĄoutvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrxqs

Â&#x201E;9H^poqospsv qt pMJ

ÄĄotqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pppvpsJ+pstpSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ovqpotJ+rtorvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L< oxrvrpJ+posrsoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ

O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L< oxptpqJ+xstttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ovqpotJ+rtorvtSI[+L[H

\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqq qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pppvpsJ+pstpSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrvrp J+posrsoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxptpqJ+xstttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxptpqJ+ xstttSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouswpwJ+rsorvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxptpqJ+ xstttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pppvpsJ+pstpSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouswpwJ+rsorvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqspruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?39


uÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qu5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHpw9[bTL.W[QuÂ&#x201E;@Dpv @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqqwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ousxqvJ+rsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louqrpx qu 

<oxrwrxJ+posuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<ovtvtpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otrsttJ+rorvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpostsp px sMJ

J+qvqrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLovorrvÄĄoxrwtv

O^Koqvpxqx r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrorÄĄpqtuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrrpqÄĄ

ǜžqqpprtu v pMJ

oroxqoÄĄortrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopppxÄĄppswqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqorwrv pp rMJ

oqruoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptrp(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<osqostJ+tvrrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louowst qv (

uruqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ousxqvJ+rsrro

Â&#x201E;OT]ptrtqo r rMJ

osqostJ+tvrrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Q[J[L<ospvrq

QĂžTxpxqtpw qq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpspwÄĄoqsxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupusuÄĄovstrp

Ç?Çłuprusw ps rMJ

otqstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrrpqÄĄotqstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lqvrrr u pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLppswqsÄĄopqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppqtoÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqorwrv qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxrwrpJ+posupoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ovtvssJ+urupoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousxpxJ+rsrpo SI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspu

pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrwrpJ+posupoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ovtvssJ+urupoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrwrpJ+posupoSI[+L[H

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovtvssJ+urupoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovtvssJ+urupoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousxpxJ+rsrpoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osqorwJ+tvrrqtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousxpxJ+rsrpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrwrpJ+posupoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osqorwJ+tvrrqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovtvssJ+urupoS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovoursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orttssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouowspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?40


v„@DwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSw„@D>[Ńqo\Ê\O¾QQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qv5\ÑTuvvO[+T[bJUps…OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTv…OU[:txx…QcHqo9[bTL.W[Qv„@Dpw @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqprxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ \Oj[L<osqpsuJ+tvrupt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovqwor qv 

\Oj[L<ovtwroJ+urwt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġS[V[i[\Oj[L<ouqprxJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H„9gTO„O\LSMS<orowqoJ+qsrqso„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<

„@[T[9wqtstv qo sMJ

pxsvqqt„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;\JLowsusrġporoqu„Mj[

O^Koqxpqqp r pMJ

QbXŃbR[;S[\Hortrorġosrvqp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxssġ

Ƕ¾qqqpqqq v pMJ

oroqsqġosrxtv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLouturpġowrrst„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupttu(

MčQ]\Oj[L<optttwJ+tprrrvt„Mj[I[+L[HVƊ]LíÊM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loutxot qw (

qrvto„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osqpsuJ+tvrupt„Mj[

„OT]purqsw r rMJ

optttwJ+tprrrvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;ǶP„O\LSMS<oppsprJ+

QþTxpxtut qq rMJ

O[bS[S[\Hoxpsqqġpqpprs„Mj[-X[ġopsopoġorowst„Mj[(

Ǐdzuprpq ps rMJ

orspru„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopsopoġoqqsqv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqvsoqv u pMJ

9[TS[\Hpoquqpġppsxqt„Mj[(

S[ȉsqortqu pp rMJ

„9H^poqortqu qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L O[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<ovtwstJ+urwsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<orowpsJ+qsrqqtSI[+L[H Q9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<ouqprqJ+qrvrqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9

S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtwstJ+urwsqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<orowpsJ+qsrqqtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ovtwstJ+

urwsqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ouqprqJ+qrvrqtSI[+L[Hprtu

wpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L <ovtwstJ+urwsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ouqprqJ+

qrvrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ovtwstJ+urwsqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< optttpJ+tprrqoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovtwstJ+urwsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<optttpJ+tprrqoSI[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouqprqJ+qrvrqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovoqrw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxovqv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppqsow„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oprxtt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[ortpsw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louosst„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owqptq

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hporttp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqrrss„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpqtp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsqop„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otprqt„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď41


wÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qw5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHqp9[bTL.W[QwÂ&#x201E;@Dpx @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqotoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<pprwsvJ+sttosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howrrqu qw 

qrxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ostrsuJ+txoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pprwsvJ+sttosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<popstsJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xxqqu qp sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotpwrpÄĄovtsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrwprÄĄpqpsoq

O^Kpptrs r qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppqoÄĄoqqrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqsxtpÄĄ

ǜžqqrpoqp v pMJ

oxtwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopottwÄĄoptvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;sqorqpt pp rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqtqvÄĄoroqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsorpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuqp(

(.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<ouqqqoJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtrqt qx (

9SG;S\Oj[L<pqsutoJ+pwsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Â&#x201E;OT]pvrops r sMJ

pqqotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<ovqqouJ+tpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

QĂžTxqoquso qq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspsvÄĄosrrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupvrvÄĄovopto

Ç?Çłupqtqt ps rMJ

orspsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrrssÄĄotqtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowroptÄĄ

U\Lqvsvtr u pMJ

pqppqoÄĄpqttrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutttsÄĄowrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poqorqpt qt pMJ

oxorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ouqqrsJ+qsovtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ostsoqJ+txosoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqqrsJ+qsovt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqo qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqqrsJ+qsovtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< ostsoqJ+txosoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<ouqqrsJ+qsovtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqqrs J+qsovtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<pprxopJ+sttpptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

pprxopJ+sttpptSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouqqrsJ+qsovtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<pprxopJ+sttpptSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostsoqJ+txosoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxorrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvtu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?42


xÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qx5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHqq9[bTL.W[QxÂ&#x201E;@Dqo @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqoorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<oxrrtpJ+sosopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrvsu qx 

orrxrtJ+tttuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<portoq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TO\Oj[L<owrutwJ+wpxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqrrrsp qr pMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovtrsxÄĄppqptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptvtv

O^Kpqtxq r qMJ

ÄĄoprxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqptsÄĄpqprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqqsvts v qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrqtoÄĄpopoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrsrrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupusu(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<oststpJ+txqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowtppx ro (

J+prprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxrrtpJ+sosopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pwqvrw r sMJ

ovqrpoJ+tprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ossptqJ+twrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTxqotvq qq sMJ

ÄĄotquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupwoqÄĄoxtwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppov

Ç?Çłuppxtv ps rMJ

posqtpÄĄppqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvtsÄĄopqtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqvttqq u pMJ

ortvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqoqxt pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqoqxt qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxrrsrJ+sorxtqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<orrxqwJ+tttutSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqrorJ+ tprpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ S[\H<oxrrsrJ+

sorxtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orrxqwJ+tttutSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orrxqwJ+tttutSI[+L[H L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxrrsrJ+sorxtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H< oxrrsrJ+sorxtqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ovqrorJ+tprpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxrrsrJ+sorxtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orrxqwJ+tttutSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpsoo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqostxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ototrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?43


poÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ro5\Ă&#x2018;TuvvO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHqr9[bTL.W[QpoÂ&#x201E;@Dqp @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]\Ă&#x160;bT[>L[Ć&#x2020;Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ovstouJ+rupopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hporxpp ro 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owrvsoJ+wqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ossqrtJ+twrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9povrurp qs pMJ

oupwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoqrqÄĄoxpsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpotsÄĄ

O^Kpstqst r rMJ

otpvoqÄĄouoxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvrpÄĄppqpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqtstw v qMJ

oxtwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLororovÄĄossoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvpp(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<oqsqsrJ+trruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxtprv p (

ovstouJ+rupopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outwpxJ+sptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pxqtq r sMJ

\Oj[L<oqpuqtJ+tqroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLorsqppÄĄ

QĂžTxqpqvpp qq sMJ

oqqrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortppoÄĄotpxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłuppsrx ps rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrvrpÄĄpoqxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpsspÄĄ

U\Lqwqts u pMJ

ossoswÄĄoupwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppswtqÄĄopppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqoqtts pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqoqtts qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oqsqtvJ+trrurtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrvrrJ+wqppvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqsqtv J+trrurtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqsqtvJ+

trrurtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L <oqsqtvJ+trrurtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovstqoJ+rupostSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrvrrJ+wqppvtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovstqoJ+ rupostSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

oqsqtvJ+trrurtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orroprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?44


pp„@DwsQ[\S/bS/wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSpq„@D>[Ńqs\Ê\O¾QQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]p„QuvvO[+T[bJUpw…OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTpp…OU[:txx…QcHqs9[bTL.W[Qpp„@Dqq @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwrpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ Q[J[L<oupvpvJ+rqrqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprupp p 

1ġSP[ÍMJ9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<outwspJ+spttt„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;\Oƃ^Ŧ\Oj[L<ooowrwJ+svpqrqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9poqpqvtr qt pMJ

owroto„Mj[-X[ġpqtssoġorourt„Mj[-X[ġortorsġ

O^Kpusurw r sMJ

oxrvppġpoqxqp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtqtoġowstop„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qquprs v qMJ

pooxsw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooxswġppsvrv„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvrv(

JUQ]LíÊM_O­P[ÍMJ\Oj[L<oqowoxJ+tqppqo„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpotqsq q (

<oupvpvJ+rqrqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otsqqqJ+putqt

„OT]ppoqqqr s pMJ

Ñ]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprsqġoqtopr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpwttġ

QþTxqptvu qq sMJ

otpwrp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLouowroġovooso„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzupxro ps rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hovsutpġowroto„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrptwġ

U\Lqwpoqw u pMJ

oxorsxġpoqupu„Mj[(

S[ȉsqoqqss pp rMJ

„9H^poqoqqss qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ooowroJ+svpqpqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzS

JU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqowoqJ+tqppqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L -bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X

9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outwrrJ+sptrtSI[+L[H„QV O`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ooowroJ+svpqpqtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LíÊH\Oj[L<oqowoqJ+tqppqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oqowoqJ+tqppqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqowoqJ+tqppqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„TO^ :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oupvrpJ+rqrrSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< outwrrJ+sptrtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<oupvrpJ+rqrrSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ \Oj[L<oqowoqJ+tqppqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lousutt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowtpss„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppowqr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opqspo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orruos„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotsxoq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owouow

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpoqoov„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqpwoo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/optvov„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqupv„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvsq„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď45


pqÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHqt9[bTL.W[QpqÂ&#x201E;@Dqr @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvsuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<otpspvJ+qxtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqwou q 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<otsqstJ+pvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otpspv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HS[\H<poqpstJ+sqstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppttrv qu pMJ

ppqurvÄĄoprwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorouotÄĄotpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpwsorx r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouovtqÄĄovooovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupxqpÄĄ

ǜžqqutvso v rMJ

otptrvÄĄoutrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosspqrÄĄoupxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwoq(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<optxppJ+tptortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpptrov r (

J+qxtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ostrorJ+txtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]ppppxsr s pMJ

orsqruÄĄoupxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovorptÄĄovsvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTxqqqusv qq sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotptrvÄĄouovtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrutqÄĄpqprrv

Ç?Çłupsrp ps rMJ

ovorptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtqvÄĄororqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqwpws u pMJ

oupxqpÄĄovsprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttqwÄĄotpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqopxrr pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqopxrr qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<optxosJ+tptopvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsqrvJ+pvroSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<optxosJ+

tptopvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

optxosJ+tptopvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<otpsrqJ+qxtvpvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otsqrvJ+pvroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otpsrqJ+qxtvpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<optxosJ+tptopvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpposqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqpq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?46


pr„@DwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSps„@D>[Ńqu\Ê\O¾QQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]r„QuvvO[+T[bJUqo…OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTpr…OU[:txx…QcHqu9[bTL.W[Qpr„@Dqs @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]Ø]-MS[@T¾]h[59[JU] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvoqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ Q[J[L<osrxqsJ+qwrpvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opptpp

-\LjL]9SGOO\Oj[L<ostrotJ+txtqo„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

twpurvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;.j^Ɛ[L„Wń[<owtvtrJ+

„@[T[9pppwqwpu qv pMJ

-X[ġpqprrqġoqtoro„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpxswġovsvqu„Mj[

O^Kpporsss s pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrtoxġotqvqw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horotrtġ

Ƕ¾qqvtrpu v rMJ

ppsvqqġopqtqx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopporsġoqrqsr„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwqw(

I[+L[Hǚz[JU]LíÊ„SOH]\Oj[L<oqpxooJ+tqspsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

r O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqtptu s (

osrxqsJ+qwrpvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<osrqtuJ+

„OT]ppqpvq s pMJ

rxpvqo„Mj[I[+L[H„WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLoutxrtġoxrurs„Mj[

QþTxqqtupr qq sMJ

-X[ġposqspġpqtsow„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosrtoxġotqvqw

Ǐdzuotxsq ps rMJ

orsxqs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooxpuġppsvqq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqwqtsr u pMJ

S[ȉsqopuqq pp rMJ

„9H^poqopuqq qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<oqpwtrJ+tqsproSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<osrxpvJ+qwrotoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqpwtrJ+tqsproSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oqpwtrJ+ tqsproSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqpwtrJ+tqsproSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\L XO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osrxpvJ+qwrotoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/ Q[J[L<osrxpvJ+qwrotoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<osrxpvJ+qwrotoS I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqpwtrJ+tqsproSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lourxos„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowsrtq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppoorp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oppupx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orqwpq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotsppo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwpt

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpopqpt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqpoox„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsxpt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpwqt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossxto„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď47


psÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHqv9[bTL.W[QpsÂ&#x201E;@Dqt @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpupxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osrsqtJ+qwqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optwpp

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<orowsuJ+tssvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ossrswJ+twstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oprtpp p pMJ

owsrtqÄĄpoqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxptpqÄĄpqpooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppqqwtp s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtorxÄĄorsrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprvrwÄĄ

ǜžqqwswpx v rMJ

outqrqÄĄowrosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqupuÄĄppswpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwtt(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpspv\Oj[LoxrupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

s O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswto t (

<osrqtxJ+twpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osrsqtJ+qwqoqo

Â&#x201E;OT]pprpsqo s pMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Q[J[L<ovtwppJ+rusxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTxqrqtqs qr pMJ

oprvrwÄĄorotouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorswtpÄĄosrqrt

Ç?Çłuottq ps rMJ

oqqpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLororstÄĄossqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqwrrqs u pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqoprpq pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqoprpq qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orowtxJ+tsswqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orowtx J+tsswqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

orowtxJ+tsswqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osrspwJ+qwqoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

osrspwJ+qwqoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<osrspwJ+ qwqoqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orowtxJ+tsswqqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoturvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtspx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoowqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqouprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opstpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?48


ptÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHqw9[bTL.W[QptÂ&#x201E;@Dqu @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptrvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otooqtJ+qxqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrwox

9`\ÄĄ9[9SG;S\Oj[L<ossrroJ+twsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLQ[J[L<ovqrqoJ+rtqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opsqurq q pMJ

pqprqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrpvÄĄosrtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqospÄĄ

O^Kppsqqtu s qMJ

oqtosxÄĄorsrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrtstÄĄotqwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqqxsqsx v rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqoxtxÄĄpqtrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutqopÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqopop pp rMJ

ovsqrrÄĄoxosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxqp(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<osqxovJ+twpopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

t O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrtx u (

otooqtJ+qxqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otqtpvJ+orosqt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppsppru s qMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotprrwÄĄovtporÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrttxÄĄ

QĂžTxqrtsqp qr pMJ

ovosqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtxÄĄoqqotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłuotorr ps rMJ

owrpspÄĄoxtxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopottqÄĄoptwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqwspv u pMJ

owroqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtrrÄĄorortuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poqopop qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<osqxooJ+twxuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

osqxooJ+twxuoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<osqxooJ+twxuoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osqxooJ+

twxuoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otoosoJ+qxqvrtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ( Q[J[L<otoosoJ+qxqvrtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

osqxooJ+twxuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowruooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtoqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoosqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opspqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?49


puÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qx\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHqx9[bTL.W[QpuÂ&#x201E;@Dqv @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S]W[\OĂ&#x160;]>H^­JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpstvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ottusoJ+rpsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orpuov

oupvppJ+qsptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otqsrxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<ourtrrJ+rqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqvrpx r pMJ

ovtorwÄĄppqoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptwquÄĄotqwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kppuputv s qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoswÄĄpqprqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposqsoÄĄ

ǜžrorust v sMJ

owrooqÄĄpoowrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrproÄĄortrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxsw(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<osqwqxJ+twwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<

u O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorrvst v (

oqxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L<ottusoJ+rpsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pptwtp s qMJ

Q[J[L<ovpprrJ+rstuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTxqsqrp qr pMJ

ouqpoxÄĄoxtxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtoÄĄoprvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłuosups ps rMJ

ppquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvotÄĄopqtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqwswtq u pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqouto pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqouto qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otturrJ+rpswtqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oupvqvJ+qsqrvtSI[+L[H O`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[

Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otturr J+rpswtqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxpppr pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupvqvJ+qsqrvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupvqvJ+

qsqrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otturrJ+ rpswtqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otqsrpJ+oqwsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<otturrJ+rpswtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oupvqvJ+qsqrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oposrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsuqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoooqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?50


pv„@DwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSpw„@D>[Ńro\Ê\O¾QQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]v„QuvvO[+T[bJUqs…OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTpv…OU[:txx…QcHro9[bTL.W[Qpv„@Dqw @Q[\J1WW[\Ltv\X@S].\@„Qg\L Q^SO^S\Jj[\XL[\L NT[X[S]9[\T9[M^@[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpspvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovpxruJ+rtpvuo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortrov

\Oj[L<owqxosJ+wprpo„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H\9Ǣö\Oj[L<owoxtxJ+vqtqvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;

„@[T[9pxqvpv r sMJ

orsrstġouqpru„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovotouġoxptrx„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kppwpotp s rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotpqqsġouotop„Mj[-X[ġoxrtqwġppqosp

Ƕ¾rprot v sMJ

oxtxox„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorospwġossqtv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqops(

Ñ\HMJLíÊ9`\ġ9[\Oj[L<oupuprJ+qrxrqt„Mj[I[+L[H„S[\XG]

v O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losroru w (

oursrtJ+rqtqvt„Mj[I[+L[HL[;Q[J[L<ovpxruJ+rtpvuo

„OT]ppuut s qMJ

W^9Q­[Q[J[L<ovqopwJ+rtpxst„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTxqstpqu qr pMJ

pqoxsqġoqqops„Mj[-X[ġorsvptġotpspv„Mj[

Ǐdzuosqt ps rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrtqwġpoqwot„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxptrxġ

U\Lqwturx u pMJ

ossqtvġouqpru„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsvtuġopoxrp„Mj[(

S[ȉsqorso pp rMJ

„9H^poqorso qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oupuqxJ+qsopqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<owqwtwJ+wpqttSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½

OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupuqxJ+qsopqtS I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oupuqxJ+qsopqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L< owqwtwJ+wpqttSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L<ovpxqwJ+rtpvsoSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owqwtwJ+ wpqttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<oupuqxJ+qsopqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovpxqwJ+ rtpvsoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupuqxJ+qsopqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpxqwJ+rtpvsoS

I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

\Oj[L<owqwtwJ+wpqttSI[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louqrqo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowqwow„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lposssw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opoort„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orpqqx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotqtqv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqrq

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxturq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpptsqs„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprrrq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroqsp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrsou„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď51


pw„@DwsQ[\S/bS/wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSpx„@D>[ŃpO[QLQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@] w„QuvvO[+T[bJUqt…OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTpw…OU[:txx…QcHp/=[.W[Qpw„@Dqx@Q[\J1WW[\Ltv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprrwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ S[\H<oxorqsJ+rxrx„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrooq

9SG\9Ǣö\Oj[L<owowsoJ+vqqpo„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxorqs

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprpuġoqtppx„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

„@[T[9pqpsotp s sMJ

orsustġotprrw„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLouosqxġoutvpo„Mj[

O^Kpqosrs s sMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovswtuġowrqqq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqxqqġ

Ƕ¾rqqqsx v sMJ

oxostvġpoquqs„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqosp(

\ƻH]j[LíÊ„S[\XG]\Oj[L<owqvstJ+wxtqt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

w O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotqqts x (

J+rxrx„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;K`\HQ[J[L<ovstrxJ+ruqsrvt

„OT]ppvrpw s rMJ

ouqqorġowrqqq„Mj[-X[ġpqtrooġororpx„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTxqtpxrs qr pMJ

-X[ġoxrtprġpoqvts„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsxtpġowsqrq

Ǐdzuorwv ps rMJ

poowox„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoowoxġppsutu„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqxsqw u pMJ

S[ȉsqooqx pp rMJ

„9H^poqooqx qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<owqwooJ+wporoSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<poopruJ+pqtttSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­ „JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

potvqrJ+psqtqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J

ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń O`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poopruJ+pqtttSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[

<[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<owqwooJ+wporoS

I[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<potvqrJ+psqtqqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqps pupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owqwooJ+wporoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<oxorrxJ+rxrxrvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

potvqrJ+psqtqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚS[\H< oxorrxJ+rxrxrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxorrxJ+rxrxrvtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owowtuJ+vqqtoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ LíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owqwooJ+

wporoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<

oxorrxJ+rxrxrvtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT

/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<potvqrJ+psqtqqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Loupxqr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowqspr„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lposotq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtuso„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orowrr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotqprp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovrwru„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxtqru„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpptoqw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqxru„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtwsu„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osropo„Mj[( Q[\S84

M[\ď52


pxÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] xÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHq/=[.W[QpxÂ&#x201E;@Dro@Q[\J1WW[\Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprooO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<ppoorqJ+ssrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otovsp

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<poooqtJ+pqqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rvttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLorssptÄĄouqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qrsutw t sMJ

-X[ÄĄoroqtsÄĄotprooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpppsÄĄouortx

O^Kpqptws s sMJ

outussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqqrpÄĄovottrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžrrpsts v sMJ

-X[ÄĄossrruÄĄouqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqqrpÄĄovsrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpox(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<potupsJ+psqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

x O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loupstq po (

ppoorqJ+ssrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqpquJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwoqx s rMJ

S[\HovottrÄĄovsxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquotÄĄopruppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTxqtsvqu qr pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrstxÄĄpqprptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouortxÄĄ

Ç?Çłuorspx ps rMJ

opqtsvÄĄorosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpppsÄĄoutooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lqxpqpx u pMJ

-X[ÄĄortpsqÄĄotprooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spxtvpw pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxtvpw qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<potuouJ+psqqpoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

potuouJ+psqqpoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppooqtJ+ssrqtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

ppooqtJ+ssrqtvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pooopwJ+pqqsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<potuouJ+psqqpoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ S[\H<ppooqtJ+ssrqtvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouptqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orosrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osquprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?53


qoÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;rO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHr/=[.W[QqoÂ&#x201E;@DpS@Otv\X@S] SĹŚ[H`H]j[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<opoppwJ+sxrvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otsuss

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqooqxJ+pvsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<opoppw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLoutupxÄĄoxrssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qptswtu u rMJ

posqssÄĄpqtqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrvqoÄĄotrooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpqrtppw t pMJ

orstswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovsvÄĄppsusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpru(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqrvJ+qotstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

po O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovouqx pp (

J+sxrvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;S[\H<oxopppJ+rxrupt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwtvso s rMJ

pqprpsÄĄoqtpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqtwÄĄovsxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTxqupsuo qr pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosrvqoÄĄotrooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroqrpÄĄ

Ç?Çłuorosr ps rMJ

ppsusxÄĄopqttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopowtqÄĄoqrooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrsuqo w pMJ

U\Lqxqopq u pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spxtsw pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxtsw qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqrpJ+qotsrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oprqrpJ+qotsrtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł

9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <oprqrpJ+qotsrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<opoprrJ+sxrwrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqrpJ+qotsrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opoprrJ+

sxrwrqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< pqooqpJ+pvspoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oprqrpJ+qotsrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<opoprrJ+sxrwrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqswswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotprrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?54


qpÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;sO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHs/=[.W[QqpÂ&#x201E;@DqS@Otv\X@S] 1Q[>H^I­]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oqtuqoJ+tsqusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqvsq pq 

O\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxqvJ+qqrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqtuqo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLowspspÄĄpoqvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpuqo

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqvtopt v rMJ

orstqpÄĄosqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtptrÄĄorsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpqtsspp t pMJ

ossspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousxpwÄĄowqwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqor(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Q[J[L<osovpuJ+qvqqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtvrq pq (

J+tsqusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­S[\H<oxrvqrJ+spwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppxtssx s rMJ

ÄĄpqoxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprtspÄĄoroqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

QĂžTxqusqpu qr qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprtspÄĄoqpwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorotouÄĄ

Ç?Çłuoqvpv ps rMJ

poqursÄĄppsvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrstvs w pMJ U\Lqxqwv u pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spxtotv pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxtotv qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxspJ+qqrtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<osovroJ+qvqrqtSI[+L[H99­C

S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxspJ+

qqrtqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpw

qoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osovroJ+qvqrqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ <SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osovroJ+qvqrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqtuprJ+tsquroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osovroJ+qvqrqtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqtuprJ+tsquroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxspJ+qqrtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osovroJ+qvqrqtSI[+L[H

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<oqtuprJ+tsquroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouovruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovquswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?55


qqÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;tO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHt/=[.W[QqqÂ&#x201E;@DrS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpppsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osruptJ+twrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqvsq pq 

OOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswqrJ+quruttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<osrupt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotoxrvÄĄovswqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rxtsqx w qMJ

ouqrtrÄĄovovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxowÄĄoqpwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpqvrusq t qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrrqpÄĄoxtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouppÄĄ

ǜžrtsvt w pMJ

ouswtsÄĄowqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopquoqÄĄorotpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqrp(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Q[J[L<ourpqwJ+rrqsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtvrq pq (

J+twrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OS[\H<poorroJ+sqpssqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqotptv s sMJ

oxrsqrÄĄpqprpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstoqÄĄosrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTxqvxps qr qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtqotÄĄorstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrvtxÄĄotrotu

Ç?Çłuoqsq ps rMJ

optxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxowÄĄpqtqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqxrur u pMJ

9[TS[\HovssswÄĄoxotsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spxsvsu pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxsvsu qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ourpqoJ+rrqspvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ourpqoJ+

rrqspvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osruroJ+twrwqvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswpuJ+qururvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ourpqoJ+ rrqspvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

osruroJ+twrwqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouorsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowowqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqsotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LototsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovqqtr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?56


qrÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[QqrÂ&#x201E;@DsS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpospO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osrtqrJ+twrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovpots pr 

owruptJ+rwrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osrtqrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ottrtqJ+ptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqqtp x qMJ

ppqopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptxpuÄĄotrpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqsqpÄĄ

O^Kpqxqwsv t qMJ

ppqopsÄĄpqprptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposqtrÄĄppqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžruruqr w pMJ

poovqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqxouÄĄorsxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqtw(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<ottrtqJ+ptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howsvrt pr (

twrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otpvtrJ+roqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pqpsxs s sMJ

poprsvJ+sqspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLovswpoÄĄ

QĂžTxqvrttr qr qMJ

oxtxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxorÄĄoprtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłuoqotw ps rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsussÄĄopquowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqvtuÄĄ

U\Lqxssp u pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spxssru pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxssru qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owruqxJ+rwrwqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owruqxJ+rwrwqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owruqxJ+rwrwqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owruqxJ+rwrwqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ottsovJ+ptrsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottsovJ+ptrsoS

I[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Q[J[L<

otpwovJ+roqqroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L< ottsovJ+ptrsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?57


qsÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:wsP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[QqsÂ&#x201E;@DtS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ottrqrJ+ptptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtuqu ps 

popuppJ+sqswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ottrqr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@\Oj[L<ousspoJ+rtxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;XV­GS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ssqstu po qMJ

ouqssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovtoÄĄoxputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowtxÄĄ

O^Kqpqoqr t rMJ

otowrxÄĄouopsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsoqÄĄppqoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrvqsts w qMJ

oxtxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorotsuÄĄosstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrqu(

\Oj[L<ousspoJ+rtxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxruox ps (

J+ptptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ouqqpqJ+rrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pqqsupp s sMJ

poortwJ+sqpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLorstrtÄĄ

QĂžTxqwqpr qr qMJ

oqpworÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssouÄĄotpoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłuopwt ps rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrsoqÄĄpoqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxputsÄĄ

U\Lqxtqo u pMJ

osstpvÄĄouqssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvqxÄĄopowoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spxspqt pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxspqt qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<popuotJ+sqswrtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H S[\H<popuotJ+sqswrtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottrpuJ+ptprqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<popuotJ+sqswrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< oussorJ+rtxsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ottrpuJ+ptprqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<ottrpuJ+ptprqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oussorJ+rtxsoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ottrpuJ+ptprqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<popuotJ+sqswrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oussorJ+rtxsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotttsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowoorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovptopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opouooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?58


qtÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;vO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] ptÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHv/=[.W[QqtÂ&#x201E;@DuS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxrvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ousrqpJ+rtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowsspo pt 

S[\H<ppqvopJ+stsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovorroJ+ssxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spututr pp qMJ

ÄĄoqtqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqtpuÄĄowrsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtptr

O^Kqrppqt t rMJ

ouoppxÄĄoutsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrtrÄĄpoqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrwpqrv w qMJ

owrsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvqvÄĄpoovouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrtr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ovorroJ+ssxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoqqto pt (

ousrqpJ+rtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<outvqqJ+rsrqtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqrsrpu t pMJ

S[\H<oxrossJ+sotuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprpw

QĂžTxqwqwpr qr qMJ

ÄĄoroostÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrsrÄĄotoxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłuoptqs ps rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvruÄĄowsossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtpppÄĄ

U\Lqpoop u qMJ

poovouÄĄppsussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxouqqÄĄpoqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spxrwps pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxrwps qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<ppqutsJ+stsusvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovorstJ+ssxuoSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ovorstJ+ssxuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppqutsJ+stsusvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ousrrsJ+rtwqvtSI[+L[H<S W[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppqutsJ+

stsusvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovorstJ+ssxuoS

I[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ousrrsJ+rtwqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<

ppqutsJ+stsusvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousrrsJ+rtwqvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L :[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovorstJ+ssxuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousrrsJ+rtwqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<ppqutsJ+stsusvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<ovorstJ+ssxuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoprqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqspoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovppotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?59


quÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;wO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] puÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHw/=[.W[QquÂ&#x201E;@DvS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ovorqtJ+ssxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrrsw pu 

<ooovruJ+svrosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGOO\Oj[L<ovorqtJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<outptrJ+sqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqxsqtq pq pMJ

ouqtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovowrwÄĄovtprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqttxÄĄ

O^Kqtpto t sMJ

otovstÄĄouootvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrssÄĄpqprqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrwtxro w qMJ

ovowrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquqxÄĄoroupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;spxrtr pp qMJ

ouqtssÄĄovsuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswsqÄĄotoxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsqp(

LOQ]\Oj[L<outptrJ+sqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppovqu pu (

ssxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovopruJ+rsssrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pqssoqo t pMJ

owrqsqJ+rwrqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLorsuowÄĄ

QĂžTxqwtrts qr qMJ

oprssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorooqvÄĄotoxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłuopqtr ps rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouootvÄĄoutsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqtssÄĄ

U\Lqpows u qMJ

otovstÄĄousvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossttxÄĄouqtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popxrtr qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovorpvJ+sswtoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ooovroJ+svroqvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovorpvJ+

sswtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstv xppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooovroJ+svroqvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqp qrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooovroJ+svroqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ooovroJ+svroqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovorpvJ+sswtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<outqoxJ+sqqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovorpvJ+sswtoSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

ooovroJ+svroqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<outqoxJ+sqqtSI[+L[HXO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpooxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovovoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?60


qv„@DwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSqw„@D>[ŃxO[QLQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pv„QuvvO[+T[bJUr„@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTqv…OU[:txx…QcHx/=[.W[Qqv„@DwS@Otv\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<outqpqJ+sqqpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoqstx pv 

<oopwooJ+svtvsqt„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<outqpq

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<ouposwJ+qrxsqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<

„@[T[9tpqsspo pr pMJ

oxrrrv„Mj[-X[ġpqprqrġoqtrpo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqupqġ

O^Kqutprt u pMJ

osrxspġotrqtu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrxspġotrqtu„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rxstrq w qMJ

ppsust„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsustġopqurv„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqssx(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ouposwJ+qrxsqt„Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LíÊXƚ[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptooq pv (

J+sqqpqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<oursttJ+rrrx„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]pqtrvqs t pMJ

ovporsJ+rtwvt„Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLoutrtoġ

QþTxqxpxpr qr qMJ

ovtptp„Mj[-X[ġposrpoġpqtpso„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzuopors ps rMJ

9^\T9S[\Horoooxġorsqtx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooutsġ

U\Lqpopuv u qMJ

opovssġoqqwoq„Mj[(

S[ȉspxrptr pp qMJ

„9H^popxrptr qs sMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<oopvtqJ+svtvqqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<

oopvtqJ+svtvqqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<outqotJ+sqpttSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oopvtqJ+svtvqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oupospJ+qrxqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^ :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outqotJ+sqpttSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupospJ+qrxqtSI[+L[H

1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<outqotJ+sqpttSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oopvtqJ+svtvqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oupospJ+qrxqtSI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotssop„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovswto„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpootro„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqppu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqrrpp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lossuov„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovorpr„Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxpvpr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppptot„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqtspr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqrqr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortssu„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď61


qwÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;poO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/=[.W[QqwÂ&#x201E;@DxS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ouposuJ+qrxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpppvqv pw 

\Oj[L<oooospJ+svptqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otoptxJ+txswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tquppu ps pMJ

owsoppÄĄpoqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpvssÄĄpqowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqwsoru u pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtrqrÄĄorsusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprsqoÄĄ

ǜžrporoso w rMJ

ousutrÄĄowqutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqvpsÄĄppsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtpu(

59[JU]\Oj[L<otoptxJ+txswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqrotu pw (

ouposuJ+qrxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otrxsvJ+rpqqpo

Â&#x201E;OT]pqursqu t pMJ

OS]j[LQ[J[L<otqtsuJ+rosvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTxqxsspp qr qMJ

oprsqoÄĄoqtxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsqrxÄĄosqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłuowqu ps rMJ

oqpvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorousrÄĄossuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqpoqspq u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spxqwsq pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxqwsq qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otqtrwJ+rosusvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oooorsJ+svpttSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otqtrwJ+

rosusvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oooorsJ+svpttSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouppooJ+qsopqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oooorsJ+svptt SI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otoptqJ+ txswqoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otoptqJ+txswqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouppooJ+ qsopqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otoptqJ+txswqoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouppooJ+qsopqt SI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

otoptqJ+txswqoSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpooprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoutxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HoxprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?62


qxÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pqO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/=[.W[QqxÂ&#x201E;@DpoS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otoqpxJ+txsxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqppov px 

otourq\Oj[LoxrrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]S[\H<pppwrq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ospwqsJ+qvtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uxrrsw pt pMJ

J+qtrqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotourqÄĄovsurx

O^Kqpoqwsw u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqvovÄĄovoxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowsvÄĄoqputs

ǜžrpppstq w rMJ

otrrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrtpsÄĄpooorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;spxqtrp pp qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLousurvÄĄowquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqutsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtss(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<orqxotJ+tttvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opposs px (

J+stroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otoqpxJ+txsxqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqvrpqw t qMJ

orqxotJ+tttvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpxsr

QĂžTpoowsw qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqsÄĄpqprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvooÄĄossoqq

Ç?Çłuouro ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtrrvÄĄorsvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossoqqÄĄ

U\Lqporqpw u qMJ

opoutrÄĄoqooptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowsvÄĄpqtpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popxqtrp qs sMJ

oroutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsvppÄĄoxovpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9S[\H<pppwsvJ+strorvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L 9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pppwsvJ+strorvtS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V

S[\H<pppwsvJ+strorvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<orqwtxJ+tttuuoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[ :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orqwtxJ+tttuuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpxrv J+qtrqsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pppwsvJ+strorvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orqwtxJ+tttuuoSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotruoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Louttqq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxoxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqptrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?63


roÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;prO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;OU[:txxÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/=[.W[QroÂ&#x201E;@DppS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovpxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<opruosJ+tpptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opouov qo 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtouJ+qrsqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pxrqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLovsuqvÄĄppqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqrqorv pu qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqowsuÄĄoprsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqopoÄĄpqprrt

O^Kqpqpuv u qMJ

opqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqurqÄĄpoousqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqupq(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[S[\H<popttsJ+sqtspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optopq qo (

opruosJ+tpptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<pqttqqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqwqwqx t qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqooquÄĄotrsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqvrsÄĄpooosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpoorrq qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrqwÄĄppquovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsutqÄĄ

Ç?Çłuossu ps rMJ

oqqvqrÄĄorsvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpptwu w rMJ

U\Lqposoqt u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spxqqqp pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxqqqp qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<popuovJ+sqtstoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H<popuovJ+sqtstoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<popuovJ+sqtstoSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspu

pwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqttrvJ+pxrrrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<popuovJ+sqtstoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oprupvJ+tppuvtSI[+L[H L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<popuovJ+sqtstoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oprupvJ+

tppuvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pqttrvJ+pxrrrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<popuovJ+sqtstoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oprupvJ+tppuvtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqoxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Loutpqu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpporpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?64


rp„@DwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSp.V[i>[ŃpsO[QLQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qp„QuvvO[+T[bJUv„@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTrp…OU[:txx…QcHps/=[.W[Qrp„@DpqS@Otv\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ S[\H<ppqvrqJ+sttspt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oqoqsv qp 

9SG;S\Oj[L<pqrsowJ+pwsost„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<ppqvrq

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<ovqsttJ+tswro„Mj[I[+L[HǶP-Q`HbR[;

„@[T[9vvpxsv pv qMJ

-X[ġpqowsuġoqpurr„Mj[-X[ġorspssġotoutt„Mj[

O^Kqpsqqx u rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrpsġpoqusr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpwqsġ

Ƕ¾rpqsopx w rMJ

ossvstġouqwop„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsvqwġopovqo„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqurx(

M_\G­Q[LíÊ-L^S[K[„Wń[<owtvotJ+rxrwvt„Mj[I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqropv qp (

J+sttspt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;\Wĭ\Oj[L<popupvJ+pqtuvt

„OT]pqxqtro t qMJ

\JLorsvrtġouqwop„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovporvġoxpwqs„Mj[

QþTpootutr qr rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotottoġottxpx„Mj[-X[ġoxrrpsġppqopp

Ǐdzuorpq ps rMJ

poootx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorovqwġossvst„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqposwrr u qMJ

S[ȉspxpxpo pp qMJ

„9H^popxpxpo qs sMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QÊ„Wń[<owtutvJ+rxrvsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„Wń[<owtutvJ+

rxrvsvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„Wń[<owtutvJ+

rxrvsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppqvsvJ+sttstqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\L I[bL/S[\H<ppqvsvJ+sttstqtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<popurpJ+ pqtusqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„Wń[<owtutvJ+rxrvsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<ppqvsvJ+sttstqtSI[+L[H XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotqwpw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovrrov„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxsxst„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[Lpqotrr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqpvqv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Losroqs„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lousvro

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxopqx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpotxqq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqrwqx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqovrw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrxos„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď65


p.V[iwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ptO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/=[.W[Qp.X[SprS@Otv\X@S]

W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x201E;@DwsQ[\S uvvtqp W[9TbWL J+ruptpqt <pxrvSWQj  @;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SĆ&#x;[LR[Ă&#x160;[-Ç&#x192;^O[>]X\QT

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotourqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ S[\H<oxovttJ+souÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJ

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loroprs qq 

\Oj[L<popxrrJ+prttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxovttJ+souÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovquoqJ+ttppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<osqustJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqpqwsv pw qMJ

S[\HouqwqwÄĄowruotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtppxÄĄoqtwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqptsvto u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpoÄĄpoqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsuouÄĄ

ǜžrprqpqx w sMJ

owquptÄĄpoourwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoourwÄĄppsvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvov(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Q[J[L<ovquopJ+rttpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orpqop qq (

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovtstoJ+vsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½

Â&#x201E;OT]qoqqqx t rMJ

twqrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprsuÄĄoqtsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTpopqoqp qr rMJ

-X[ÄĄorspqwÄĄotourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottxorÄĄoutqrt

Ç?Çłuoptp ps rMJ

owrxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtrrrÄĄowruotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqpotusr u qMJ

9[TS[\HoxovtxÄĄpoqvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spxpttx pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxpttx qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovqupvJ+rttpttSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<oxovsvJ+sotsoSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<oxovsvJ+sotsoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovqupvJ+rttpttSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[

N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovqupvJ+rttpttSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxovsvJ+sotsoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxovsvJ+sotsoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqtttJ+ttpSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqupvJ+rttpttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxovsvJ+sotsoSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqoprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LousrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpottqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqorsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?66


q.V[iwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/=[.W[Qq.X[SpsS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ouspqvJ+rsortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losoqtr qr 

O[TO\Oj[L<ovttrvJ+vuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ouspqvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<osqvrpJ+twqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<opqrtt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wtssrs px qMJ

O[bS[S[\HovppqsÄĄovtrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqupwÄĄoprrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpvrqr u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrovÄĄpqprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwswÄĄ

ǜžrpsprs w sMJ

opqvrqÄĄorowooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLototprÄĄoustspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

S[Č&#x2030;spxpqsx pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsurpÄĄotouppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvrs(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Q[J[L<otswppJ+rpsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orturs qr (

rsortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otqutuJ+ottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]qppxqw t rMJ

J+tosvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLorswppÄĄouqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpopsrqs qr rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtwssÄĄotouppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototprÄĄottwsw

Ç?Çłuooso ps rMJ

outqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqwttÄĄovppqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqppstr u qMJ

-X[ÄĄosswqvÄĄouqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqwttÄĄovswrt

Â&#x201E;9H^popxpqsx qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<otswqsJ+rpsvtvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtttpJ+vurtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otswqs

J+rpsvtvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouspsqJ+rsppqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouspsqJ+

rsppqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovtttpJ+vurtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ouspsqJ+rsppqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?67


r.V[iwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pvO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qsÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/=[.W[Qr.X[SptS@Otv\X@S] -Ç&#x192;^O[>]T\QT

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osprpqJ+qvtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotouto qs 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otqvssJ+otvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<osprpqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹS[\H<poqpowJ+srporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqorsu qo rMJ

ouqxqqÄĄovtspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrtvÄĄpqtpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqpxpts u sMJ

otrtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwrrÄĄorsotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžrpssorp w sMJ

9[TS[\HopovpoÄĄoqqusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwop(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Q[J[L<osowpoJ+qvrwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ossstx qs (

qvtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oqtxorJ+tsstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]qqpuqv t rMJ

outqpqÄĄoxrrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprtwÄĄoqtstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTpoqur qr rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossqovÄĄotrtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossqovÄĄ

Ç?Çłtqxtxsq ps qMJ

poouruÄĄppsvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvoxÄĄopqvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqppprs u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spxxrw pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxxrw qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<osowqsJ+qvrwsoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<poqpopJ+srpopqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqvtx J+otvrvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ S[\H<poqpopJ+

srpopqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osowqsJ+qvrwsoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osowqsJ+qvrwsoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osowqsJ+qvrwsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VQ[J[L<osprot J+qvtoqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osprotJ+qvtoqqtSI[+L[HMbC[T :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otqvtxJ+

otvrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<osowqsJ+ qvrwsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L< osprotJ+qvtoqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqotrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?68


s.V[iwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSt.V[i>[ŃpwO[QLQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qt„QuvvO[+T[bJUpp„@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTs„@Dtxx…QcHpw/=[.W[Qs.X[SpuS@Otv\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototrpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ „O\LSMS<opsvpoJ+qpsupqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupqts qt 

I[+L[HØOG[9SG\O\Ɔ„O\LSMS<opsvpoJ+qpsupqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

ovqppsJ+rtspqqt„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxqrġ

„@[T[9xsqqtp qp rMJ

oqtwqr„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Horsostġosqrow„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

O^Kqqotusv v pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorowrqġossxpo„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustpxġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwqw(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LíÊ1ġS[V[i[„O\LSMS<oqrosqJ+qrrtqt„Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrwor qt (

\Oj[L<oorupsJ+swsxqvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;/ŃQ[J[L<

„OT]qrprqt t rMJ

poquss„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpxqoġpqowtp„Mj[-X[ġoprrrvġ

QþTpoqqwpu qr rMJ

\JLoqttouġorswsv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoprrrvġoqpuoo„Mj[(

Ǐdztqxtwtt ps qMJ

owqttw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpoqwpqġppsvso„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rptpwpv w sMJ U\Lqppqppt u qMJ S[ȉspxuqv pp qMJ

„9H^popxuqv qs sMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „:h/;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<oqrotwJ+qrrtsqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<opsvqrJ+qpsustSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9

Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<

oqrotwJ+qrrtsqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S „O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqrotwJ+qrrtsqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<oqrotwJ+

qrrtsqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<opsvqrJ+qpsustSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ê[O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<opsvqrJ+

qpsustSI[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS< oqrotwJ+qrrtsqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotpqrr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovpvqq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxrsoq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppsxto„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqopsr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lospssp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lourpsv„Mj[(KL^ S[\UH„WŁ[owstsu„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hposrrw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqqqst„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optptt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqrpx„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď69


t.V[iwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pxO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]quÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/=[.W[Qt.X[SpvS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ppqwsoJ+puorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovpxrw qu 

MS<opootoJ+pxtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxqotrJ+posprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpwrwpw qq rMJ

otosqvÄĄovstruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrorÄĄpqpspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqqqrvu v pMJ

pqowtsÄĄoqpttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqttqqÄĄorsxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrpttssx w sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopovtuÄĄoqoprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowtsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spxrpu pp qMJ

opqwosÄĄorowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsxrvÄĄoxowtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwtt(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<oxqotrJ+posprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourtsw qv (

ppqwsoJ+puorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<poqroxJ+srpust

Â&#x201E;OT]qspoqq t sMJ

Â&#x2026;OK`\HQ[J[L<osqwrrJ+qwroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTpoqtos qr rMJ

orsxotÄĄossqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouroptÄĄovpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłtqxtwpx ps qMJ

-X[ÄĄossqswÄĄotrurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrvptÄĄpooptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqppqxqw u qMJ

pqtppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustpoÄĄowqttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popxrpu qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoosqJ+pxtorvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxqpouJ+posqpoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppqwrrJ+

puoptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxqpouJ+posqpoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpx qpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoosqJ+pxtorvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppqwrrJ+puoptS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqpouJ+posqpoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppqwrrJ+

puoptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoosqJ+pxtorvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxqpouJ+posqpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotowrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxroouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LppsttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Louqvtp Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?70


u.V[iwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qoO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qvÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/=[.W[Qu.X[SpwS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxqpssJ+posrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqsto qv 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ppsqtpJ+pururqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

owqrsvJ+rwpwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovroroJ+uupo

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqsuss qr rMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovstrpÄĄppqorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqoptqÄĄ

O^Kqqspttu v qMJ

oprrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqorsÄĄpqpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžrpurot w sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowqttoÄĄpoourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqquqqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxqq(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<ovroroJ+uupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovrvpt qw (

UH\PV[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxqpssJ+posrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;OT]qtvpx t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsuqpJ+qpstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTporppqt qr rMJ

otruttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourospÄĄpooqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowtvÄĄ

Ç?Çłtqxtvtt ps qMJ

possqrÄĄppqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvqvÄĄopqwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpprvsp u qMJ

orstrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spxou pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxou qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ppsqssJ+puruptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<posppoJ+psqtoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxqprvJ+

posrqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp

prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsqssJ+puruptSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posppoJ+psqtoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppsqssJ+puruptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovroqrJ+uttqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<posppoJ+psqtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqprvJ+posrqvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovroqrJ+uttqtSI[+L[HH[T :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxqprvJ+ posrqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

\Oj[L<ppsqssJ+puruptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovroqrJ+uttqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;

\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posppo J+psqtoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovoxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppsptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosousxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrvts

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HportsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?71


v.V[iwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qwÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/=[.W[Qv.X[SpxS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovrpoqJ+uvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqupr qw 

pospqvJ+psrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ouoopwJ+qqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popustpp qs sMJ

povpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLorsxsqÄĄourpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqqttrx v qMJ

-X[ÄĄorsopqÄĄotosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosoqÄĄottvto

ǜžrpvso x pMJ

poqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqoosÄĄpooqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;spwtutt pp qMJ

9[TS[\HppsvtsÄĄopovouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxsx(

\Oj[L<ouoopwJ+qqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowsorq qx (

ovrpoqJ+uvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ousqsvJ+rsutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]quspt t sMJ

<pppvtoJ+ptrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<oxousuJ+

QĂžTporrqpw qr sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovprqpÄĄoxqoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxopÄĄoqptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłtqxtvsr ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrorÄĄppqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrorÄĄ

U\Lqppstts u qMJ

oroxqpÄĄostopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostopsÄĄourpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popwtutt qs sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pospsqJ+psspoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ouoorqJ+qqpsqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<poopoqJ+ pqqqtvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrotsJ+uvpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[  \Oj[L<ouoorqJ+qqpsqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp rtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pospsqJ+psspoSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqq

qsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poopoqJ+pqqqtvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pospsqJ+psspoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< poopoqJ+pqqqtvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L< ovrotsJ+uvpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pospsqJ+psspoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouoorqJ+qqpsqt

SI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovrotsJ+uvpoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouoorq J+qqpsqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovrotsJ+uvpoSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pospsqJ+psspoS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouoorqJ+qqpsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poopoqJ+pqqqtvtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovotrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosoqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrtw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S84

M[\Ä?72


w.V[iwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qqO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qxÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/=[.W[Qw.X[SqoS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ouootpJ+qqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqqpw qx 

\Oj[L<poopqoJ+pqqrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oststxJ+txrwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pporpv qt sMJ

ovpuouJ+trpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsrvÄĄ

O^Kqqvqwrx v rMJ

oqtvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoorÄĄotosqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžrpvrurr x pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovstqsÄĄowrxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtttuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spwtrss pp qMJ

pooussÄĄppsvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoxsuÄĄpoqwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louropt(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oststxJ+txrwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxsrrt ro (

ouootpJ+qqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otqsqxJ+rotprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qvppp u pMJ

.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<oxoutwJ+povsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<

QĂžTportqss qr sMJ

oqtuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourprqÄĄowrwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtppvÄĄ

Ç?Çłtqxtvsq ps qMJ

ottvsqÄĄoutprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrotÄĄpoqutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpptsw u qMJ

owrwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqtsvÄĄpooussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popwtrss qs sMJ

Ç?ÇłO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txqopvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<poopprJ+pqqrqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxsuouJ+ppsuSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouoossJ+qqqpqtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poopprJ+pqqrqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxsuouJ+

ppsuSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poopprJ+pqqrqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L <oxsuouJ+ppsuSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouoossJ+qqqpqtS I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poopprJ+pqqrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouoossJ+

qqqpqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oststpJ+ txrvtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouooss J+qqqpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poopprJ+pqqrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oststpJ+txrvtqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxsuouJ+ ppsuSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovoprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owroop Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?73


x.V[iwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qsO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]roÂ&#x201E;QuvvO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/=[.W[Qx.X[SqpS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<osttpoJ+txrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppqss ro 

\Oj[L<oxsuosJ+ppstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ospvooJ+twrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppsqsq qu sMJ

otswqwJ+ptqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLortopxÄĄ

O^Kqqxqpv v rMJ

oprrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvsuÄĄotospsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžrpwvso x pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLottvrtÄĄoutpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourptwÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spwtorr pp qMJ

otorsqÄĄoussssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostotuÄĄourptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourosp(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ospvooJ+twrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpossto rp (

osttpoJ+txrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osrqowJ+qwspt

Â&#x201E;OT]qvtwv u pMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<ovpupvJ+trpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<

QĂžTpospqsp qr sMJ

ourptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpsovÄĄovtupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvopÄĄ

Ç?Çłtqxtvtr ps qMJ

otorsqÄĄottvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrovÄĄpqpssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpqqqr u qMJ

ovpsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwtqÄĄoroxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popwtorr qs sMJ

ourptwÄĄovtpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstpqÄĄotospsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxsttuJ+ppstrtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxtwtsJ+pqpwqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpurpJ+trqqt

SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtwtsJ+pqpwqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpx

qpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxsttuJ+ppstrtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oxtwtsJ+pqpwqoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<oxsttuJ+ppstrtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<osputrJ+twrpvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovpurpJ+trqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxsttuJ+ppstrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<osputrJ+twrpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxtwtsJ+pqpwqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orttooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owquou Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqorouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/ororsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?74


po.V[iwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSpp.V[i>[ŃqtO[QLQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]rp„QuvvO[+T[bJUpv„@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTpo„@Dtxx…QcHqt/=[.W[Qpo.X[SqqS@Otv\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosoqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<osputqJ+twrpt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptwou rp 

\Oj[L<oxtwtqJ+pqpwpt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]9SG;S\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<osoxqoJ+tvsssqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;

„@[T[9ppqvpwsw qv sMJ

J+txpqtqt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpqtġoxrrpo

O^Krorrtv v sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġpostoqġpqtpqq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosssrqġ

Ƕ¾rpwrvpv x pMJ

oqtvsqġorrxsx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooutqġppsvtw„Mj[(

S[ȉspwsvqr pp qMJ

oqquov„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpov(

JUQ]\Oj[L<osoxqoJ+tvsssqt„Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LíÊ„SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppsrrv p (

osputqJ+twrpt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osoxpxJ+qvssqqt

„OT]qwttq u pMJ

„U[PL\Oj[L<otswpxJ+ptptqt„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě\Oj[L<osssru

QþTposrqw qr sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġpqpstuġoqtusq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourqqrġovturu

Ǐdztqxtwpt ps qMJ

otrwqv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosssrqġotrwqv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lqpqporv u qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLppsvtwġopqxos„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopovpoġ

„9H^popwsvqr qs sMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<oxtwsuJ+pqpvuoSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<posptwJ+psupvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\U

í\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9 „W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otswppJ+ptprqt

SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtwsuJ+pqpvuoSI[+L[H„QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oxtwsuJ+pqpvuoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L< posptwJ+psupvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxtwsuJ+pqpvuoSI[+L[H

9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<posptwJ+psupvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osoxprJ+

tvssqtSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otswppJ+ptprqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxtwsuJ+pqpvuo SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT

/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osoxprJ+tvssqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posptwJ+psupvtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loutrsv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxpoqu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppqups„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprwov„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[ortpot„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Louowpo„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owqqpp „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpoqooq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpptxox„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqwqo„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtxst„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osstor„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď75


pp.V[iwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;quO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p@^LuvvO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/=[.W[Qpp.X[SqrS@Otv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bR[\;L]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osowtpJ+tvsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqrxro p 

\Oj[L<posprvJ+pstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<osrqruJ+twsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opopxv p sMJ

tvrtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxpvÄĄpoqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Krqrqx v sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorrxsrÄĄosqpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtutwÄĄ

ǜžrpxtqp x pMJ

orpoqvÄĄostprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoussrvÄĄowqtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourprq(

59[JU]\Oj[L<osrqruJ+twsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqrxtt q (

osowtpJ+tvsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ospusvJ+qwrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qxtptv u pMJ

\Oj[L<osssroJ+txpqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<osotruJ+

QĂžTpostpu qr sMJ

S[\HoxqposÄĄpqoxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrroÄĄoqtvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłtqxtwsx ps qMJ

ortottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprrroÄĄoqptrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqpqpwtq u qMJ

9[TS[\HpoqxquÄĄppswpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spwsspq pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwsspq qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pospqxJ+psttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pospqxJ+

psttSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pospqx J+psttSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<osrqroJ+twsqtoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osrqroJ+twsqto

SI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pospqxJ+psttSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osrqroJ+twsqtoSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxourpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouospsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwpt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppttpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqttswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osspovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?76


pq.V[iwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qvO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q@^LuvvO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/=[.W[Qpq.X[SqsS@Otv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<osrqpoJ+twsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oppwow

\Oj[LotqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<pptstwJ+pvx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<osttpqJ+qxrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otqupo

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqrspq q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<ortoqsJ+tutvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;

O^Krrrost w pMJ

-X[ÄĄortpprÄĄosstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrppÄĄovptprÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrpxrpsx x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosstprÄĄotrxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrxpvÄĄpoorqp

S[Č&#x2030;spwspp pp qMJ

pqtproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoussrtÄĄowqtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourptw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<otqupoJ+otvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorqq

q O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprspr r (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osrqpoJ+twsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qposwtq u qMJ

J+otvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<osotpoJ+tvrsro

QĂžTpotxrr qr sMJ

\JLotorqqÄĄovstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpwÄĄpqptpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłtqxtxrt ps qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqoxqwÄĄoqptrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtvpsÄĄortppr

U\Lqpqqvw u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxptÄĄoqorptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxqwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwspp qs sMJ

opqxroÄĄorpossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtqooÄĄoxposxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<pptstoJ+pvwsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ortopuJ+tutvqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ortopu J+tutvqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pptstoJ+pvwsoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pptstoJ+pvwsoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pptstoJ+pvwsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<otquorJ+otutqtSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otquorJ+otutqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pptstoJ+pvwsoS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<otquorJ+otutqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoustttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxoqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouoopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpspx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?77


pr.V[iwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qvO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r@^LuvvO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/=[.W[Qpr.X[SqtS@Otv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otqtqqJ+ottpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opttpo

ousuqqJ+spvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

otqtqqJ+ottpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ouoqsxJ+rqqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ptrtqs r rMJ

<orsxruJ+tuttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<ortuouJ+tvpqpo

O^Krsttrs w pMJ

oqorqxÄĄotrxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrrtÄĄpoorrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrpxturu x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpostrsÄĄppqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswquÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spwrvtp pp qMJ

oqquosÄĄorsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqqr(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotorpw\Oj[LotqtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

r O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvov s (

oprustJ+qpqrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]qppstsu u qMJ

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ousuqqJ+spvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L

QĂžTpotqvqw qr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLovstqpÄĄppqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłuoorp ps rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqoxrsÄĄoprrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpquÄĄpqptqv

U\Lqpqrtqr u qMJ

opqxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqttqÄĄpoovoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popwrvtp qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprurxJ+qpqrqqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L

Â&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqtptJ+otstqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oprurxJ+qpqrqqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otqtptJ+otstqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oprurxJ+qpqrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqtptJ+otstqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousuruJ+spwqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqtptJ+otstqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprurxJ+qpqrqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ \Oj[L<ousuruJ+spwqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpoqr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoowpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?78


ps.V[iwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSpt.V[i>[ŃqwO[QLQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]s@^LuvvO[+T[bJUqp„@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTps„@Dtxx…QcHqw/=[.W[Qps.X[SquS@Otv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oustprJ+spstvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrpso

„O\LSMS<orsrqtJ+qusoqvt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO\G@\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<owqwpqJ+wrqqvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J

„@[T[9ppvtsst s rMJ

J+twporqt„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLortpsxġourrtw„Mj[

O^Krupvsv w pMJ

-X[ġorrxrpġotorqv„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotorpsġottvpv

Ƕ¾rqopxrx x qMJ

poqvrq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqptoġpoorsw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[ȉspwrsso pp qMJ

9[TS[\Hppswsrġopovqs„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqsv(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<owqwpqJ+wrqqvt„Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LíÊ„S[\XG]

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorpxpo t (

<oustprJ+spstvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<ovrsrrJ+rupwpvt

„OT]qpqsqso u qMJ

„R[;U_T\Oj[L<orttpwJ+tvpopo„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě\Oj[L<ospxqu

QþTpotsstp qr sMJ

O[bS[S[\Hovpttuġoxqpto„Mj[-X[ġpqoxsqġoqptrt„Mj[

Ǐdzuopso ps rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoxrrqxġppqprt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrqxġ

U\Lqpqsrrx u qMJ

orpppvġostqrv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostqrvġourrtw„Mj[(

„9H^popwrsso qs sMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<orsrpxJ+qusopqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<owqwqtJ+wrrSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\U ǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9 „W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oustqxJ+

sptrvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqwqtJ+wrrS I[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqp

qrqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<orsrpxJ+qusopqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<orsrpxJ+qusopqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oustqxJ+sptrvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġ

MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owqwqtJ+wrrSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L< oustqxJ+sptrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„O\LSMS<orsrpxJ+qusopqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VO[SLíÊbR[b;

Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owqwqtJ+wrrSI[+L[H XO[\W\ĭbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lourwor„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowtsss„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppporo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH „OL^9[opqqqr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orrtqp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lottqqw„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owouqv „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpoosqo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppsrqu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppqrt„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqssop„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxpw„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď79


pt.V[iwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qxO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]t@^LuvvO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/=[.W[Qpt.X[SqvS@Otv\X@S] Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbObQS[@ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<owqvosJ+wqxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orowrr

9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<owqvosJ+wqxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<ostsqoJ+txrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qostv t rMJ

owsooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtpstÄĄoqtvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxroÄĄ

O^Krvrvpr w qMJ

oxrrrtÄĄpoqvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstquÄĄowrxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqosots x qMJ

poovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovqrÄĄppswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrpp(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<ouowqwJ+rqsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

t O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losposx u (

oxqspxJ+sotqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ospwpxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qprrxrt u rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqptsxÄĄoqtwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoursqoÄĄ

QĂžTpoupsp qr sMJ

otorqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottvpvÄĄoutpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłuoqtx ps rMJ

9^\T9S[\HovtwprÄĄowsooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquooÄĄ

U\Lqpqtpts u qMJ

oxppruÄĄporoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spwrpqx pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwrpqx qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ouowqpJ+rqsqtoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqvqoJ+wropvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouowqpJ+ rqsqtoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ouowqpJ+rqsqtoS I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poqrtwJ+

prqpttSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owqvqoJ+wropvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

poqrtwJ+prqpttSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owqvqoJ+wropvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouowqpJ+rqsqtoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqrtwJ+prqpttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoursowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotswrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqrp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoooqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqsootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?80


pu.V[iwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;roO[QLQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]u@^LuvvO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHro/=[.W[Qpu.X[SqwS@Otv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<poqqrwJ+prpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orsurw

L[;\Oj[L<poqqrwJ+prpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜS[\H<ppqrqwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<otrspuJ+ppvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpqxt u qMJ

ppqworÄĄoprrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvrtÄĄotorpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Krwtrso w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvpwÄĄoutpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourssrÄĄ

ǜžrqpopw x qMJ

otorpqÄĄoussrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostrpuÄĄourssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrrt(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owssooJ+rxppuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

u O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotoqpr v (

sttosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<ostrprJ+txrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpsruqx u rMJ

ortqqsÄĄourssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpurvÄĄovtwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTpoupvtw qr sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorpqÄĄottvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrsqÄĄpqpuoo

Ç?Çłuosro ps rMJ

ovpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoproqsÄĄorpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqprox u qMJ

ourssrÄĄovtrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsssrÄĄotorpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spwqwpw pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwqwpw qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrtqJ+rxppsoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrtqJ+ rxppsoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrtqJ+rxppsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

poqqtrJ+prpxpqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poqqtrJ+prpxpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrtqJ+rxppsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouroppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppoqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotssruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwrs Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprtrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oposssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqruoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?81


pv.V[iwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]v@^LuvvO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHp/b=L.W[Qpv.X[SqxS@Otv\X@S] Ç?\Äš>[Q[@­L[Ă&#x2DC;]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[I\;S9SLObRgOLJU­LO[bS[Â&#x201E;LbĂ&#x160;[¢WOM^S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<pqqqtrJ+pwpxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osqurq

9SGOO\Oj[L<pqqqtrJ+pwpxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ppstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<oupqotJ+qtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqsporu v qMJ

oqtwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtosÄĄovtwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposuqoÄĄ

O^Krpoutt w rMJ

ossusxÄĄotsotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtvruÄĄorrxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqppvsu x qMJ

oprorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovspÄĄoqqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrtw(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^S[\H<pppxtqJ+stspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

v O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottrpx w (

opqqrwJ+toswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<otrrppJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qptrrqq u rMJ

XV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpqvÄĄoxrrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpupqÄĄ

QĂžTpourrso qr sMJ

pqtptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossusxÄĄotsotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłuoupq ps rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoovrxÄĄppsxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxowÄĄ

U\Lqprwqt u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spwqtw pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwqtw qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[S[\H<pppxstJ+stspqqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ S[\H<pppxstJ+stspqqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pppxstJ+

stspqqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pqqrouJ+pwpxstSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<pqqrouJ+pwpxstSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VS[\H<pppxstJ+stspqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqqrouJ+pwpxstSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otrrotJ+ppssqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pqqrouJ+pwpxstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<pppxstJ+stspqqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opporvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtsrw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?82


pw.V[iwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSpx.V[i>[ŃqØ]KSQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]w@^LuvvO[+T[bJUqt„@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTpw„@Dtxx…QcHq/b=L.W[Qpw.X[SpS@Otv\X@S] .\@@;Ň[IÑP^S9[= SI 

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ „O\LSMS<oqpwovJ+qrvpqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otowsr

-bƂV[9SG„9gTO„O\LSMS<oqpwovJ+qrvpqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

ouppoqJ+qsxro„Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<ouspptJ+sstt„Mj[

„@[T[9ruprr w pMJ

ġpqpops„Mj[-X[ġoprrtvġoqtvrx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

O^Krpppusu w rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoprrtvġoqptsw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpqqqġ

Ƕ¾rqprrpt x qMJ

porotoġppsxpx„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursqo(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LíÊM^V½[\Oj[L<opsvowJ+tpsxrvt„Mj[I[+L[H

w O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lousrst x (

\Oj[L<orppssJ+ttqpvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<

„OT]qpuropu u rMJ

I[+L[HOÅ-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxsxġpoqwou„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxqqto

QþTpouswsu qs pMJ

orrxroġosqpqp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtwtoġortqtx„Mj[(

Ǐdzuowt ps rMJ

ostrts„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoussstġowqupv„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqprpuso u qMJ

S[ȉspwqptv pp qMJ

„9H^popwqptv qs sMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<opsvopJ+tpsxqoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ \QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<opsvopJ+

tpsxqoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqpwqpJ+qrvsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<opsvopJ+tpsxqoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[ 1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ

M[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<oqpwqpJ+qrvsvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oqpwqp J+qrvsvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oupottJ+qsxpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ„O\LSMS< oqpwqpJ+qrvsvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opsvopJ+tpsxqoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Louqqqo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowrxoo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpotssu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[opouso„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orpxrv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotrusr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtosq „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxswru„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppqvsr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqtutq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqwpu„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprrs„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď83


px.V[iwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]x@^LuvvO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qpx.X[SqU[ O[Ltv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxpwJ+qvqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ottrqq

9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxpwJ+qvqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<outtqpJ+ssoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpwpxtu x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrpuÄĄossvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtstÄĄovpvrt

O^Krpqqqtw w rMJ

ortrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvqtÄĄotsprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowspptÄĄ

ǜžrqpsuso x qMJ

pqpoqrÄĄpqtqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousstoÄĄowquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spwpwsu pp qMJ

oxpqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourssr(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ortvoxJ+tvpsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

x O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrroo po (

ossqroJ+txvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<ousopsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpvqvpo u sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotorpvÄĄovstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsouÄĄpqpuru

QĂžTpovrpv qs pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoqrÄĄoqpttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtxouÄĄ

Ç?Çłuopopo ps rMJ

poostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopposuÄĄoqostuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lqprqstt u rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoprpotÄĄorpqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtsppÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwpwsu qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ortvoqJ+tvpsptSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ortvoqJ+tvpsptSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ortvoqJ+tvpsptSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<ortvoqJ+tvpsptSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxppJ+qvpxstSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[; Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousoovJ+sqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxppJ+qvpxstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortvoqJ+tvpsptSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpototpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsusv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?84


qo.V[iwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]po@^LuvvO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qqo.X[SrU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otpwprJ+rorvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousoqq pp 

otsrosJ+prxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osspro

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OO\Oj[L<otswouJ+ptpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sorsrq po pMJ

I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLovsttrÄĄppqqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krprqtpw w sMJ

pqporrÄĄoprspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqrvÄĄpqpuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqptvtx x qMJ

oprppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqurqÄĄpoowovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtos(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ortuowJ+tvppuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqorp pp (

J+txtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otpwprJ+rorvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpwqss u sMJ

outssqJ+srwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ousxrxJ+sqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpovpvpp qs pMJ

oqotpoÄĄotsptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouruotÄĄpootovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłuopqqt ps rMJ

9^\T9S[\HposutuÄĄppqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxsrÄĄ

U\Lqprrrx u rMJ

oqquqtÄĄorsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spwptrt pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwptrt qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<otsqttJ+prwstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<otsqttJ+prwstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otpwqwJ+rorvtoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otsqttJ+prwstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otpwqwJ+rorvtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outsrtJ+srwvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otpwqwJ+rorvtoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<otsqttJ+prwstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osotsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?85


qp.V[iwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;tĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pp@^LuvvO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHt/b=L.W[Qqp.X[SsU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<oupooxJ+rqsutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousoqq pp 

ovoorqJ+stqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGOO\Oj[L<otsvqw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqtpuJ+rqsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spqtxsu po sMJ

rpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLortrswÄĄouruqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krpsqrro w sMJ

-X[ÄĄorrxrxÄĄotorpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorqtÄĄottvrv

ǜžrqqvv x qMJ

poqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqrrrÄĄpootqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;spwpqqt pp qMJ

9[TS[\HppsxsxÄĄopowpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtqt(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<otsqqtJ+prvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqorp pp (

J+ptovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<oupooxJ+rqsutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpxqotw u sMJ

<ousxooJ+sqrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<ouqppvJ+

QĂžTpovroqv qs pMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpwppÄĄoxqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqposqÄĄoqpuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłuopstq ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsqtÄĄppqqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrsqtÄĄ

U\Lqprspqr u rMJ

orproxÄĄostssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostssuÄĄouruqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popwpqqt qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<otsqpwJ+prvpqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ovoosvJ+strpoSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otsqpwJ+prvpqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpx

qpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovoosvJ+strpoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[H H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otsqpwJ+prvpqtSI[+L[H <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<oupoqrJ+rqsvqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[ Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovoosvJ+

strpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

ovoosvJ+strpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oupoqrJ+rqsvqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otsqpwJ+prvpqt

SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<oupoqrJ+ rqsvqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

ovoosvJ+strpoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrwtt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osopswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qq.V[iwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq@^LuvvO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHu/b=L.W[Qqq.X[StU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?86


„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ Q[J[L<ourptpJ+rrsoto„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovqxqr pq 

1ġSN[ǵL]\Oj[L<ovswpoJ+utpqo„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ourpovJ+rrwsqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;

„@[T[9sqtrvuo pp sMJ

otqwqxJ+pqvt„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpvprġ

O^Krptpvpw w sMJ

oqtvtw„Mj[-X[ġorrxssġotorpv„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ƕ¾rqqpsp x qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsupoġowsoqq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Howooptġ

S[ȉspwxps pp qMJ

poowqwġpptoov„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxprqpġporpso„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtst(

WŌQ]LíÊM_O­N[ǵL]\Oj[L<ovoopuJ+stptqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxottr pq (

<ouqsrxJ+rqqto„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<ourptpJ+rrsoto

„OT]qqopvtr v pMJ

O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ouqpoqJ+rprsvt„Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<

QþTpovsrt qs pMJ

oqtxtp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourusqġowsqop„Mj[-X[ġpqtqrxġ

Ǐdzuopvro ps rMJ

ottvssġoutptv„Mj[-X[ġoxrsrtġpoqwsw„Mj[(

U\Lqprsxru u rMJ

owsqop„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqusxġpoowqw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^popwxps qs sMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L 1ǚS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<ovoopoJ+stprvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ourpsrJ+rrsoroSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<ovswoqJ+utpSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J

ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń 99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ourpsrJ+rrsoroSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ovoopoJ+

stprvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ovswoqJ+utpSI[+L[Hprtuwpo pqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ovoopoJ+stprvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L<ourpsrJ+rrsoroSI[+L[H<SW[ù[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ovswoqJ+ utpSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[

TX=K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ovoopo J+stprvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ourpsrJ+rrsoroSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovswoqJ+utpS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ourpsrJ+rrsoroSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L< ouqotsJ+rprqvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovoopoJ+stprvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;

\OVbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L <ourpsrJ+rrsoroSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovswoqJ+utpSI[+L[H M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lououru„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowqrpu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lporxoq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqtotv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orortt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotqpoo„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrstx

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxrqtr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpppptx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqspow„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpqrs„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvtq„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď87


qr.V[iwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;vĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pr@^LuvvO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHv/b=L.W[Qqr.X[SuU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ouqqruJ+rrpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowpxtv pr 

<owotpqJ+vrrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<ourotqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ououqrJ+qruroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9twrotu pq sMJ

I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLortspxÄĄourutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovpwst

O^Krpuuqv w sMJ

otorqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorrwÄĄottvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrqqpwrv x qMJ

9^\T9S[\HourutxÄĄovpwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprptxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spwur pp qMJ

ÄĄourutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourutxÄĄovttpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louruot(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ovsvtsJ+utosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxsxoo pr (

rrwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouqqruJ+rrpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]qqppssv v pMJ

otqwprJ+ppqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<osppppJ+tvswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpovtts qs pMJ

ÄĄowooroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxpvÄĄoprsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwosÄĄ

Ç?Çłuoqopw ps rMJ

oxrsstÄĄpqpvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvtqÄĄoutqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqprtvsx u rMJ

orprrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotorrwÄĄoustpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosttpx

Â&#x201E;9H^popwur qs sMJ

orstorÄĄotorqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovsvswJ+utoqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owotosJ+vrrpqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovsvswJ+utoqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<owotosJ+vrrpqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovsvswJ+utoqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<

ovsvswJ+utoqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouqqqwJ+rrpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/

Q[J[L<ouqqqwJ+rrpvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqwqxJ+pqvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovsvswJ+utoqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouqqqwJ+rrpvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< owotosJ+vrrpqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouoqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LportovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrpor Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppowoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqowrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qs.V[iwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;wĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ps@^LuvvO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x201E;@DwsP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHw/b=L.W[Qqs.X[SvU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?88


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<otsrovJ+rprwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxpprv ps 

ovtspoJ+vtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ouourpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<otpqtrJ+oqqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqprxrq pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqptÄĄoxrstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krputorx x pMJ

posvssÄĄpqtqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosswswÄĄotsroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqqqotr x qMJ

orrxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoowtoÄĄpptorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louruqs(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<owotqoJ+vrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporooq ps (

qrutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otsrovJ+rprwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqppsq v pMJ

osppqoJ+tvswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<oqrorqJ+trruro

QĂžTpowuqr qs pMJ

pqpvrwÄĄorooqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvpuÄĄowoostÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłuoqrpv ps rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosswswÄĄotsroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwppÄĄ

U\Lqpsuq u rMJ

pptorpÄĄoprqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopowrvÄĄoqqutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spwqtq pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwqtq qs sMJ

ǜžO\ž/H/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsuptJ+ qusupo

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owotprJ+vrrrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqroqtJ+trrupqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ? OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

ovtsorJ+vtpvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\L

O[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`V S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqroqtJ+trrupqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owotprJ+vrrrtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpu pwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovtsorJ+vtpvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<owotprJ+vrrrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otsrooJ+rprwqtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovtsorJ+vtpvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otsrooJ+rprwqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ououqsJ+qrurqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< owotprJ+vrrrtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otsrooJ+rprwqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotprowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqvov Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpposouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqossqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?89


qt.V[iwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;xĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pt@^LuvvO[+T[bJUp.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHx/b=L.W[Qqt.X[SwU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osruqoJ+qwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoosov pt 

ovpvpsJ+trqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otprorJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ortrovJ+tvqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9utrtq ps sMJ

poqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqsqwÄĄpqppqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprstqÄĄ

O^Krpvqxrw x pMJ

\JLoroorsÄĄortssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprstqÄĄoqpurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqqqosu x qMJ

owqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporqpvÄĄpptorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourusq(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<ovtsqoJ+vtuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppoxqu pt (

oqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<osruqoJ+qwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqrwrv v pMJ

ooqwpvJ+swroqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLowsotrÄĄ

QĂžTpowpvp qs pMJ

oqtwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsoorÄĄosqpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ç?Çłuoquqv ps rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpsowÄĄostttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustrwÄĄ

U\Lqpspspr u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spvtxsp pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvtxsp qs sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovtsprJ+vtsqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovpvqxJ+trrqvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ovtsprJ+vtsqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpvqxJ+

trrqvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\L\Oj[L<ovtsprJ+vtsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQ[J[L<osruprJ+qwtosqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<ovpvqxJ+trrqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovpvqxJ+trrqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osruprJ+qwtosqt SI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< otprpuJ+oqrqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<

osruprJ+qwtosqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovpvqxJ+trrqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowppqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotoxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqrpq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?90


qu.V[iwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;poĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^LuvvO[+T[bJUq.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/b=L.W[Qqu.X[SxU[ O[L tv\X@S]\NS[SI

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotoqJ+qtqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotvqv pu 

<oupxouJ+rvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ortrrw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@\Oj[L<oqppoqJ+tqsutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½S[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upwsrps pt sMJ

ovsutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtpxÄĄpqpwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttorÄĄ

O^Krpwrw x pMJ

oqpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorooswÄĄorttorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrqqpwps x qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqpwÄĄoqourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpprsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spvturp pp qMJ

oprqrxÄĄorpsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtuopÄĄoxpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourutx(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ovpvsvJ+trspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppsvtu pu (

J+tvrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotoqJ+qtqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqstrq v qMJ

poovsqJ+sqrwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotosouÄĄ

QĂžTpowqutw qs pMJ

ossxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvsvÄĄovpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpprsÄĄ

Ç?Çłuoqxsw ps rMJ

ossxpvÄĄotsrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsqtvÄĄpoouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpsqqqs u rMJ

pqtrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustswÄĄowqvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popvturp qs sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovpwooJ+trsstSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqpppvJ+tqsvroSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

oupwtwJ+rusqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<

oqpppvJ+tqsvroSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpo pqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpwooJ+trsstSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupwtwJ+rusqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oupwtwJ+rusqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ovpwooJ+trsstSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orostuJ+qtqtSI[+L[H

1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovpwooJ+trsstSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orostuJ+qtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oupwtwJ+rusqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowovrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LototpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpxpu Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?91


qv.V[iwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv@^LuvvO[+T[bJUr.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/b=L.W[Qqv.X[Spo U[ O[Ltv\X@S]UjL59[JU]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SUjL>H^­Q[W½Ă&#x201C;H-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprrxJ+qoqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpptptp pv 

-L^S[K[\Oj[L<otorpwJ+txtvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

svsupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPQ[J[L<ovrppvJ+ruvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqruw pu sMJ

otsrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwopÄĄpoouruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppstÄĄ

O^Krpwrots x pMJ

poswpxÄĄpprooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptpoxÄĄoprqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqqprps x qMJ

orstrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvpu(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<oupxrwJ+rwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqquqq pv (

MS<opprrxJ+qoqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ooppooJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqtqqv v qMJ

I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvoqÄĄppqsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqousuÄĄ

QĂžTpowrupr qs pMJ

oprtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsopÄĄpqpwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłuorrqo ps rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowqvsrÄĄpooxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqvqoÄĄ

U\Lqpsrors u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spvtrqo pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvtrqo qs sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oupxtqJ+rwtvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otorppJ+txtustSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupxtqJ+rwtvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otorppJ+ txtustSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oupxtqJ+rwtvtSI[+L[H<S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprrpJ+qoqrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otorppJ+txtustSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupxtqJ+rwtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprrpJ+qoqrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprrpJ+qoqrtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupxtqJ+rwtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opprrpJ+qoqrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otorppJ+txtustSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoworrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotopqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovptqo Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxprpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?92


qw.V[iwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^LuvvO[+T[bJUs.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/b=L.W[Qqw.X[Spp U[ O[Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ppouoqJ+ptrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqsvtp pw 

owstrxJ+xpqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tupssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ppouoqJ+ptrtqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpusoqo pw pMJ

owstrxJ+xpqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžQ[J[L<ossqrxJ+

O^Krpwtqso x pMJ

S[\HovpxtvÄĄoxqtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpptuÄĄoqpvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrqqtst x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtssÄĄppqspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrtssÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spvtox pp qMJ

orpsswÄĄosturpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosturpÄĄourwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvrq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotosqx\Oj[LoxrtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opotsx pw (

otospsJ+txtxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<orrsrtJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqttxqr v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxtuttJ+sqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

QĂžTpowsssu qs pMJ

qxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLorttqxÄĄourwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Ç?Çłuorvp ps rMJ

-X[ÄĄorsoroÄĄotortuÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosqxÄĄottwss

U\Lqpsrwsr u rMJ

poqxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqtotÄĄpoouswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popvtox qs sMJ

9[TS[\HpptpotÄĄopoxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orrstoJ+tuptqoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owsttqJ+xpqttSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owsttqJ+xpqttSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orrstoJ+tuptqoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppotttJ+ptrrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orrstoJ+tuptqoSI[+L[HK[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsttqJ+xpqttSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppotttJ+

ptrrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppotttJ+ptrrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <owsttqJ+xpqttSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppotttJ+ ptrrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orrstoJ+tuptqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owsttqJ+xpqttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovppqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxoxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?93


qx.V[iwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;prĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]px@^LuvvO[+T[bJUt.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/b=L.W[Qqx.X[SpqU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<owsutuJ+xptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsuop px 

<orrtrqJ+tupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<optvtwJ+tqpqrt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;SQ[J[L<ovrrtpJ+rupqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oupxspJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wotrr px pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpwsqÄĄoropquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Krpxwpr x pMJ

orsospÄĄotosouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottwtvÄĄoutrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrqpttsv x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoptqÄĄowsrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwowÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spvsutw pp qMJ

oxpstpÄĄporrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvsv(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<oupxspJ+rutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opsvqt px (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owsutuJ+xptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqutupx v rMJ

rutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opstssJ+qpsqrt

QĂžTpowtqrs qs pMJ

ourwquÄĄowsrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtrtoÄĄoqtwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłuosots ps rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrttvÄĄporopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvqvÄĄowspsq

U\Lqpssutq u rMJ

pooxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooxtpÄĄpptprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popvsutw qs sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<optwprJ+tqprpqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

optwprJ+tqprpqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsusxJ+xptpvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<optwprJ+tqprpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oupxrsJ+rurtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsusxJ+

xptpvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oupxrsJ+rurtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

owsusxJ+xptpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oupxrsJ+rurtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovovqw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxotqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpossqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqprrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orroqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?94


ro.V[iwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;psĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qo@^LuvvO[+T[bJUu.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHps/b=L.W[Qro.X[SprU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ouqorwJ+rxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsuts qo 

\Oj[L<oopwovJ+swqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ortpptJ+tuttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wptppu qo pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLortttrÄĄourwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Krpxpvqs x pMJ

oqtxoxÄĄotospvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotostuÄĄottxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrqpsrpx x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourwrwÄĄovqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprrqxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spvsrsw pp qMJ

ÄĄourwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourwrwÄĄovtutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwop(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<ortpptJ+tuttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrqqt qo (

ouqorwJ+rxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otouowJ+rorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqvtrpu v rMJ

<posrswJ+psvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ovrxroJ+uqtsvt

QĂžTpowtxrx qs pMJ

ovqoqoÄĄowoqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpproruÄĄoprtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłuosstu ps rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrupoÄĄpqpwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottxppÄĄoutrqu

U\Lqpststx u rMJ

orptpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotostuÄĄousurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostutt

Â&#x201E;9H^popvsrsw qs sMJ

orsuotÄĄotospvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oopwooJ+swqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovrxssJ+uquqqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ortpov J+tutstoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrxssJ+

uquqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr

ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oopwooJ+swqqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oopwooJ+swqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oopwooJ+swqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouqotrJ+rxtqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ortpovJ+tutstoS

I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(

\Oj[L<ouqotrJ+rxtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oopwooJ+swqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortpovJ+tutstoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoovruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovorrq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxopqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqoxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opspovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?95


rp.V[iwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qp@^LuvvO[+T[bJUv.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x201E;@DtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/b=L.W[Qrp.X[SpsU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ortqprJ+tutvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lortorw qp 

S[\H<porxsrJ+srtuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qrtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<opqstwJ+toswsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqxrouo qp pMJ

<osrxopJ+twtrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoutrsoÄĄ

O^Krpxqou x pMJ

owoqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposxosÄĄpqtsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžrqpqwqp x qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtxqpÄĄorsposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopopvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spvsorv pp qMJ

opoxtpÄĄoqqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwps(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<opqstwJ+toswsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqqoo qp (

ortqprJ+tutvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrworJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwtopr v rMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ovsoqwJ+uqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L

QĂžTpoxttx qs pMJ

oxruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpxovÄĄoroptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwswÄĄ

Ç?Çłuosxx ps rMJ

ostopxÄĄotssrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostopxÄĄotssrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqptrt u rMJ

pptptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptptxÄĄoprrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popvsorv qs sMJ

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txputvt ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovsoqoJ+uqvtqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<porxruJ+srtuqtSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsoqo J+uqvtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxpppr pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<porxruJ+srtuqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<porxruJ+srtuqtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[ J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opqstpJ+toswroS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<porxru J+srtuqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opqstpJ+toswroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

opqstpJ+toswroSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovsoqoJ+uqvtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<porxruJ+srtuqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

opqstpJ+toswroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoorsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosstruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutxru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?96


rq.V[iwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq@^LuvvO[+T[bJUw.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTp.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/b=L.W[Qrq.X[SptU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbOOS[H Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotossqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<ppotrrJ+stoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losturt qq 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqpssoJ+pvtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppotrrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<opssspJ+tprvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xprsxpp qq qMJ

pqpqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopruovÄĄoqtxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Krpxpups x pMJ

9^\T9S[\HopruovÄĄoqpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorptrtÄĄ

ǜžrqppotv x qMJ

porrrvÄĄpptptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqu(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[S[\H<oxovqwJ+sotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osputr qq (

stoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ossoooJ+twtuqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqxsvpp v rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowsqqrÄĄporotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqtsxÄĄ

QĂžTpoxpprr qs pMJ

orsppuÄĄosqqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqopÄĄortuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłuotrrr ps rMJ

ostvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousvowÄĄowqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqptppx u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spvrvqu pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvrvqu qs sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<oxovqpJ+sosstSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxtxrrJ+pqpsrtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqpsrrJ+pvtqstS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtxrrJ+pqpsrtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqr qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxovqpJ+sosstSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxovqpJ+sosstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppotsvJ+stotoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppotsvJ+stotoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

ppotsvJ+stotoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqpsrrJ+

pvtqstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxovqpJ+sosstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<ppotsvJ+stotoS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louttsp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqopsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?97


pX[7LwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qr@^LuvvO[+T[bJUx.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTq.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/b=L.W[QpU[7LpuU[ O[Ltv \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rq.V[iwsQ[\S uvvuqq \L+bIg9[M[ J+prrost <poqxSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvsoJ+rxrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louorow qr 

UH\PV[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pooopwJ+pqpuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LS[\H<ppoootJ+ssstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqwqpq qr qMJ

oroqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortuqtÄĄotsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxouÄĄ

O^Krpxttp x pMJ

oqtxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopprstÄĄoqovtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžrqotpv x qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoprsotÄĄorptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvqoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrw(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L<ovsuqsJ+ruspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otputt qr (

<owtvsoJ+rxrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovtxooJ+vpqqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rossx v sMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLovswqsÄĄporposÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopprstÄĄ

QĂžTpoxpuqq qs pMJ

ovqosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqttxÄĄpprpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprupxÄĄ

Ç?Çłuotwu ps rMJ

pqpqtrÄĄpqtsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousvqrÄĄowqxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqptpxpr u rMJ

oxptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvrspt pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvrspt qs sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pooorrJ+pqpvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovsupvJ+ruspqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pooorrJ+pqpvtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqs qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovsupvJ+ruspqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvrrJ+rxrxrtSI[+L[H Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pooorrJ+pqpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovsupvJ+ruspqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvrrJ+rxrxrtS

I[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxttsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutpst

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?98


qX[7LwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs@^LuvvO[+T[bJUpo.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTr.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/b=L.W[QqU[7LpvU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovotrwJ+rstxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovovtp qs 

9SGOO\Oj[L<owooooJ+vpstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwswJ+rwqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popqusx qs qMJ

ÄĄppqtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorturtÄĄotstopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovqotv

O^Krpwsxu x pMJ

oqowoxÄĄorturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxquoxÄĄposxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqoqwtu x qMJ

pprpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqrvÄĄoprspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsw(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Q[J[L<ousosxJ+rrtuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louqosr qt (

ovotrwJ+rstxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oupusoJ+qtttqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpspw v sMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotouopÄĄoutsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvot

QĂžTpoxqoqs qs pMJ

ÄĄoxquoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprurqÄĄototppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłupqsx ps rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqtrpÄĄpqpxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposxruÄĄ

U\Lqptqvpt u rMJ

owqxpxÄĄpopotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqwspÄĄorsutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvrps pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvrps qs sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ouspoqJ+rrtvrqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtxtqJ+vpsrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouspoq J+rrtvrqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouspoqJ+

rrtvrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

Q[J[L<ouspoqJ+rrtvrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovottqJ+rstxrvtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtxtqJ+vpsrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouspoqJ+rrtvrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L< ovottqJ+rstxrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovruotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqorsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousvsx Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owstsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orposoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?99


rX[7LwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSsX[7L>[ŃqoØ]KSQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qt@^LuvvO[+T[bJUpp.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTs.V[itxx…QcHqo/b=L.W[QrU[7LpwU[ O[Ltv \X@S]Ø]L[;MčQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<otrrsvJ+rpwso„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howowqs qt 

9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<oupvqoJ+qtvrqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@„R[;„U[PLQ[J[L<oupsqwJ+rqtoqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9poquops qt qMJ

outssr„Mj[-X[ġporprpġoppsow„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Krpwqupr x pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpuotġostvsq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostvsqġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtv(

VƊ]LíÊM_O­P[ÍMJQ[J[L<otttstJ+rqrrt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSP[ÍMJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovquoo qu (

otrrsvJ+rpwso„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ostusrJ+txrtpqt„Mj[

„OT]rqrwv v sMJ

-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqttooġorooprQbXŃbR[;\JLotoupxġ

QþTpoxqrrx qs pMJ

oxrvpxġporprp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqupwġpoowoq„Mj[(

Ǐdzupvsq ps rMJ

ourxqo„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptqqrġopporx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rqosqw x qMJ

U\Lqptrtpu u rMJ

S[ȉspvqvts pp qMJ

„9H^popvqvts qs sMJ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otrsopJ+rpxptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[ L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otttrwJ+rqrpvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L

-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X

9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupvprJ+qtvptSI[+L[H„QV O`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otrsopJ+rpxptSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L 9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH

Q[J[L<otttrwJ+rqrpvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<otttrwJ+rqrpvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S „O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otttrwJ+rqrpvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„OT:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<otrsopJ+rpxptSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oupvprJ+qtvptSI[+L[HXO[ \W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[bjbJQ[J[L<otrsopJ+rpxptSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<otttrwJ+rqrpvtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[V M^S[Q[X[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotptro„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovrqpo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxsvtu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpptxto„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqpqsv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losqxts„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousrtq

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owspsu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpoqotq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpptoop„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqpqv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroust„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď100


sX[7LwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qpĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qu@^LuvvO[+T[bJUpq.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTt.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/b=L.W[QsU[7LpxU[ O[Ltv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototsrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<osquqtJ+qwpxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxorqs qu 

otrsqwJ+rpxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG;S\Oj[L<ostvoqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<osoqrxJ+tvpxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppxsopr qu qMJ

outtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovsxppÄĄporpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppspwÄĄ

O^Krpvtvru x pMJ

oxququÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorooqwÄĄorsqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžrpxrvsw x pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsxppÄĄowsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqtuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spvqssr pp qMJ

poppquÄĄpptroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpuooÄĄporspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxou(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJQ[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowroqw qv (

txruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osquqtJ+qwpxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]rrrtv w pMJ

ospxrtJ+qwqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotourwÄĄ

QĂžTpoxquv qs pMJ

oroqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostporÄĄourxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqtuÄĄ

Ç?Çłuppqst ps rMJ

posxtvÄĄpprpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqprÄĄototsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqptsrpt u rMJ

owssspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqxtoÄĄpoppquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popvqssr qs sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otrsqoJ+rpxptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ospxqwJ+qwqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrsqoJ+rpxptS

I[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otrsqoJ+rpxptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<

osqupxJ+qwpxpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqupxJ+qwpxpqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Q[J[L<ospxqwJ+qwqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<osqupxJ+qwpxpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otrsqoJ+ rpxptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ .\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxssooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqowtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourxtu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?101


tX[7LwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qv@^LuvvO[+T[bJUpr.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTu.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/b=L.W[QtU[7LqoU[ O[Ltv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsuquJ+qurwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtqsr qv 

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osoqrvJ+tvpxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tuptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvopJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqrtpr qv qMJ

S[\HowssswÄĄpotoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprrwÄĄoprvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krpvqrst x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxroÄĄovqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprsswÄĄ

ǜžrpxxs x pMJ

ÄĄourxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxroÄĄovtvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpr(

I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Q[J[L<otsorsJ+rpqruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrqrq qw (

<orsuquJ+qurwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<orrvqtJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rsrqw w pMJ

qspovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrvswÄĄoppsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTpoxqvsv qs pMJ

-X[ÄĄoqpwtuÄĄorsqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouopowÄĄouttpw

Ç?Çłuppvtw ps rMJ

orpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotoutwÄĄouswrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvtu

U\Lqpttppr u rMJ

orsvsqÄĄotouopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvqprq pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvqprq qs sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otsoquJ+rpqrsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsuttJ+qsxtqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<otsoquJ+rpqrsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otsoqu J+rpqrsoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L< otsoquJ+rpqrsoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsupxJ+

qurwqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsupxJ+qurwqqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsuttJ+qsxtqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsupxJ+qurwqqtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otsoquJ+

rpqrsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotovrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqostuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louruop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoprooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqtwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?102


uX[7LwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSvX[7L>[ŃqrØ]KSQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qw@^LuvvO[+T[bJUps.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTv.V[itxx…QcHqr/b=L.W[QuU[7LqpU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ „O\LSMS<orruqoJ+qupqrt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hporvow qw 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<orrvqtJ+tuptpvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„O\LSMS<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;K`\H„O\LSMS<oprwpuJ+qppvqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9oupsqx p qMJ

oxqusp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLotovpwġouopqv„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Krpustqp x pMJ

pqprtoġorootw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostpptġotstqs„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rpwrwqr x pMJ

pptrqu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptrquġoprstw„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqo(

I[+L[HLOQ]LíÊ-\LjL]Q[J[L<oupupoJ+rqtqpo„Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lporpsp qx (

orruqoJ+qupqrt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<orsrppJ+tuqwto

„OT]rtqxx w pMJ

U_T-Q`HbR[;\JLouopqvġoxrwor„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howorovġ

QþTpoxqwrx qs pMJ

oppsrxġoqowsw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovqpqoġoworov„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzupqrqo ps rMJ

9^\T9S[\Horootwġorsqst„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopptsġ

U\Lqpttxx u rMJ

oppppvġoqqxrv„Mj[(

S[ȉspvpwqp pp qMJ

„9H^popvpwqp qs sMJ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[@ʼnQ[J[L<oupuqsJ+rqtqstSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<oupuqs J+rqtqstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L<

oupuqsJ+rqtqstSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/„O\LSMS <orrupqJ+qupqptSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<oprwqxJ+qppvtvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ „O\LSMS<orrupqJ+qupqptSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<oupuqsJ+rqtqstSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovqoqp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxruow„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lppswoq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[oqopoo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lospwot„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourqot„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owqxtw

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpooxos„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpprwps„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoxrw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtstu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxsv„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď103


vX[7LwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx@^LuvvO[+T[bJUpt.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTw.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/b=L.W[QvU[7LqqU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotourwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvpqJ+qvrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppvtp qx 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orsqsxJ+tuqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<pqtsqoJ+pxqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opxwu q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqsÄĄoxquswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqprÄĄoqpxqt

O^Krpurpp w sMJ

ÄĄortvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprvrvÄĄoqpxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžrpwtts x pMJ

9[TS[\HporsssÄĄpptrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqt(

I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Q[J[L<ovqqsvJ+rtrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqwov ro (

ortvpqJ+qvrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ospxrpJ+tvtwst

Â&#x201E;OT]ruqupq w pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotovrxÄĄouttttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqquÄĄoppssx

QĂžTpoxqwsr qs pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvpqÄĄotstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororot

Ç?Çłupqwtq ps rMJ

orpuruÄĄostwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousxoxÄĄowrorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpuvs u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spvptpp pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvptpp qs sMJ

QÞTO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txposvt O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ovqqrxJ+rtrvroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ospxsvJ+tvtxqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ospxsv J+tvtxqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovqqrxJ+rtrvroSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovqqrxJ+

rtrvroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ovqqrxJ+ rtrvroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvquJ+qvsqvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqtsprJ+pxquqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvquJ+qvsqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppssouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owquop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpootoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opotsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?104


wX[7LwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^LuvvO[+T[bJUpu.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTx.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/b=L.W[QwU[7LqrU[ O[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoutwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<osswsqJ+qxppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptuov ro 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ospwsxJ+tvtuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<pqrspoJ+pwrtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppsutx r qMJ

ororppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvpwÄĄotstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxrvÄĄ

O^Krptpww w sMJ

oropqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppstxÄĄoqoxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžrpvrpsw x pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoprtpuÄĄorpusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtwoqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxro(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwpoJ+rxrtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqqqq p (

osswsqJ+qxppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otqtqtJ+osqrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rvqrpt w qMJ

O`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLovtoqoÄĄporqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppstxÄĄ

QĂžTpoxqvtx qs pMJ

ovqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqutsÄĄpprqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvtpÄĄ

Ç?Çłuprsrr ps rMJ

pqpspqÄĄpqtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousxqwÄĄowrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpupstu u rMJ

oxpuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvppuo pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvppuo qs sMJ QĂžTO\ž O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwqsJ+rxrttvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L

Â&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqrsorJ+pwrttSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwqs J+rxrttvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwqsJ+rxrttvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osswrt J+qxppqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqrsorJ+pwrttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<osswrtJ+qxppqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwqsJ+ rxrttvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoopprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpproqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opopswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?105


xX[7LwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSpoX[7L>[ŃquØ]KSQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]p@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUpv.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTpo.V[itxx…QcHqu/b=L.W[QxU[7LqsU[ O[Ltv \X@S]Ø]9[\Q9[59[JU]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovpwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ Q[J[L<ouovrqJ+rqqvto„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqrrow p 

9SGOO\Oj[L<otqsqpJ+orxtqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;O`\ĭ\Oj[L<pqrttxJ+pwrwtvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9ppspqsw s qMJ

ppqutw„Mj[-X[ġortvqqġotstrq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovqpqwġ

O^Krpsrpps w sMJ

oqoxpqġortvqq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxqvooġpotosp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rputupu x pMJ

pprqrq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptsooġoprtqs„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrr(

ǚz[JU]LíÊ„S[\XG]S[\H<potxtrJ+ssrwsqt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[opptox q (

ouovrqJ+rqqvto„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<outuoxJ+sqwqt

„OT]rwqopx w qMJ

ǝO-Q`HbR[;\JLotowqsġouturs„Mj[-X[ġoxrwswġ

QþTpoxquqv qs pMJ

oxqvoo„Mj[-X[ġoprwosġotovpw„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzupsoqs ps rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqutwġpqqpor„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpotospġ

U\Lqpuqqsv u rMJ

owrppqġpopqru„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqroqrġorswto„Mj[(

S[ȉspvwsx pp qMJ

„9H^popvwsx qs sMJ QþTO\¾ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

XSM;H[S[„íQ[S[\H<potxstJ+ssrwqqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqsruJ+osoroSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHS[\H<potxstJ+

ssrwqqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[„L/S[\H<potxstJ+ssrwqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚQ[J[L<ouovqtJ+rqqvrqtS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouovqtJ+rqqvrqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqsruJ+osoroSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouovqtJ+rqqvrqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<potxstJ+ssrwqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovowrs„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxqsqp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpprups„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[opsxpq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losoupw„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louqopv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owpwox

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxtvpv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppquqv„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqtvtq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsrpo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvtw„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď106


poX[7LwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]q@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUpw.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTpp.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/b=L.W[QpoU[7LqtU[ O[L tv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovswqrJ+rurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opoxtu

\Oj[L<opqpqrJ+tororoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owstpuJ+xopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pquqvts t pMJ

oroqorQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotowsvÄĄoututsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrovÄĄ

O^Krprsrrr w sMJ

oxqvotÄĄpoowtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorputsÄĄostwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpupxqx w sMJ

oppqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxru(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotowsv\Oj[LoxrxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[

q O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqovoq r (

outsstJ+sqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovswqrJ+rurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rxpvqs w qMJ

<pqttswJ+pxqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtuquÄĄ

QĂžTpoxqsu qs pMJ

opptpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrxorÄĄporrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłupsuqs ps rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostwptÄĄourxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrrwÄĄ

U\Lqpuroru u rMJ S[Č&#x2030;spvtrw pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvtrw qs sMJ QĂžTO\ž O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pqttspJ+pxqvptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<opqppuJ+toropqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<outstxJ+sqtroS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqttspJ+pxqvptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opqppuJ+toropqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

opqppuJ+toropqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovswpuJ+rurwsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ovswpuJ+rurwsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outstxJ+sqtroSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovswpuJ+rurwsqtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ \Oj[L<opqppuJ+toropqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovosrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosoqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpspt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osssorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?107


ppX[7LwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]r@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUpx.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTpq.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/b=L.W[QppU[7LquU[ O[L tv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<oxsrruJ+spquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opsvqx

9SG;S\Oj[L<owsrtqJ+wtusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxsrru

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qosvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotoxppÄĄoutvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qwrtpp u pMJ

-X[ÄĄostprpÄĄourxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworqpÄĄoxqvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krpqtux w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsspsÄĄotowopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtpptÄĄ

ǜžrptspsq w sMJ

owrpsuÄĄpoprosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoprosÄĄpptsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrv(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<orttovJ+tutrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

r O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwqv s (

J+spquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqwpuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpopsqx w rMJ

-X[ÄĄovtpptÄĄporrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptqsÄĄororqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpoxqotv qs pMJ

-X[ÄĄoroqqoÄĄorsspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpototvÄĄpprqto

Ç?Çłuptqrq ps rMJ

owstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoworqpÄĄowstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqpurwqs u rMJ

9[TS[\HoxpusoÄĄportpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvqqv pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvqqv qs sMJ QĂžTO\ž O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<orttqqJ+tutsqvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V

H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owssotJ+wtvptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orttqqJ+

tutsqvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orttqqJ+tutsqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<orttqqJ+tutsqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

oxsrqxJ+spqtstSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owssotJ+wtvptSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxsrqxJ+spqtstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orttqqJ+tutsqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovoosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opspqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpopx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?108


pqX[7LwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]s@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUqo.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTpr.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/b=L.W[QpqU[7LqvU[ O[L tv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<ppsspuJ+suqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqurq

\Oj[L<ourpsvJ+rqsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovrrJ+qqqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqorvts v pMJ

ÄĄpotposÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsttÄĄoprwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqosqÄĄ

O^Krpqpow w rMJ

ourxroÄĄovqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtsvÄĄorpvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrptrw w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxroÄĄovtwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxsvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrv(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<ortsotJ+tutpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorsxrp t (

posrqtJ+prtsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LS[\H<ppsspuJ+suqusqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rppppru w rMJ

I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrxrrÄĄopptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Howstpv

QĂžTpoxpvp qs pMJ

orssrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouorrtÄĄoutvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłuptwto ps rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotoxrtÄĄoutosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwpuÄĄourxro

U\Lqpusux u sMJ

otowqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sputxpv pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poputxpv qs sMJ QĂžTO\ž O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ourqopJ+rqtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<posrpwJ+prtspvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourqopJ+rqtqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ourqopJ+rqtqtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspu pwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourqopJ+

rqtqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<ppssroJ+

suqvpvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<posrpwJ+prtspvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<ppssroJ+suqvpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourqopJ+rqtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouowqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owouqr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?109


prX[7LwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;roĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]t@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUqp.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTps.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHro/b=L.W[QprU[7LqwU[ O[L tv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowsvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<opsortJ+tpptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orovsq

oxoptwJ+xrwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<pqsroo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsuovJ+qsopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqrxru v sMJ

oxqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpoooÄĄouortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krppqurq w rMJ

pqptotÄĄoroqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostproÄĄotstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpsqsp w sMJ

pptssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptssrÄĄoprttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxru(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<ourosuJ+rqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L<

t O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lossoou u (

J+pwtqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<opsortJ+tpptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpqwss w rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouortwÄĄoxrxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworqpÄĄ

QĂžTpoxpqpu qs pMJ

opptrxÄĄoqoxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqrÄĄoworqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłuqtpv ps rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoroqttÄĄorsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoprrqÄĄ

U\Lqputrtq u sMJ

oppqsvÄĄoqrpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sputuu pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poputuu qs sMJ QĂžTO\ž O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ourorvJ+rqprqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxoptoJ+xrwrqtSI[+L[H99­C

S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ \QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ourorvJ+rqprqtS

I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< ourorvJ+rqprqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxoptoJ+xrwrqtS I[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ourorvJ+

rqprqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V \Oj[L<ourorvJ+rqprqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<opsosxJ+

tpptuoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourorvJ+rqprqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<opsosxJ+tpptuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxoptoJ+xrwrqtSI[+L[HXO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxowrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqqv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?110


psX[7LwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;p3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUqq.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTpt.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpX[z[L.W[QpsU[7Lqx U[ O[Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<orqrruJ+ttrptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortpqo

-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrrtuJ+qrqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

orpvowJ+qtpusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpoqtÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpssrsx w sMJ

oxqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrpuÄĄoqqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Krposupv w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprxpsÄĄoqqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpvouÄĄ

ǜžrprssru w sMJ

portrqÄĄpptsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrs(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<oxootuJ+xrupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

u O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotqxsw v (

\Oj[L<orqrruJ+ttrptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;OT]rprttq w rMJ

outwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrtxÄĄopptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqppxÄĄ

QĂžTpoxust qs pMJ

ortvrrÄĄotstqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororrvÄĄortvrr

Ç?Çłuqpptr ps rMJ

ostwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutprqÄĄowrqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqpvprq u sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sputqtt pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poputqtt qs sMJ QĂžTO\ž O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxooswJ+xrttvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxooswJ+

xrttvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< orqrqxJ+ttrprtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L< orqrqxJ+ttrprtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orqrqxJ+ttrprtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxooswJ+xrttvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<orqrqxJ+ttrprtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouoorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtwro

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppousvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?111


ptX[7LwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;q3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUqr.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTpu.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqX[z[L.W[QptU[7Lro U[ O[Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osstorJ+twtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrvrp

O[TOQ[J[L<osoutrJ+qvqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osstorJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qttwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLovtqrpÄĄporspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqutrtx x sMJ

O[bS[S[\HourxprÄĄovqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvpxÄĄpprrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krpopops w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqptqtÄĄpqtvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutptsÄĄ

ǜžrprtw w rMJ

ovtwopÄĄoxpusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxro(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ppptrxJ+ptppuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

v O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loupwou w (

twtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsowJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpsrq w sMJ

-X[ÄĄoppttqÄĄororrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvrrÄĄotstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpoxoqw qs pMJ

-X[ÄĄoprxqwÄĄororrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppttqÄĄoqoxsu

Ç?Çłuqpwrv ps rMJ

owrqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruotÄĄorpvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqpvxpp u sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spusxss pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popusxss qs sMJ QĂžTO\ž O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppptrpJ+ptppsoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ppptrpJ+ptppsoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ppptrpJ+ptppsoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<ppptrpJ+ptppsoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osssttJ+

twtstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osssttJ+twtstSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<

ppptrpJ+ptppsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L

<osssttJ+twtstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxoosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtsrs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppoqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?112


puX[7LwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;r3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUqs.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTpv.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHrX[z[L.W[QpuU[7Lp SQ@[Ltv\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoooO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osssorJ+twtpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otquoo

<opovsoJ+pxtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otrxqxJ+pxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sxprps po rMJ

otpppvÄĄoutxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsorrÄĄppqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krxrxu w qMJ

oprxsqÄĄotpoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxsxÄĄortvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrpqqttq w rMJ

pqqqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotpqvÄĄpprrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;spusurr pp qMJ

9[TS[\HoqrqpuÄĄortpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqu(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<otrxqxJ+pxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

w O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovosqv x (

osssorJ+twtpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otptsrJ+roppt

Â&#x201E;OT]rptopr w sMJ

OS]j[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrqoqJ+qttptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTpowtrqt qs pMJ

ortvrpÄĄotstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpoxÄĄoxqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłuqqtrp ps rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqvqoÄĄpotpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwptÄĄ

U\Lqpvpusv u sMJ

ppttppÄĄoprupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrrpsÄĄpopsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popusurr qs sMJ QĂžTO\ž O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opovrsJ+pxtosqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opovrsJ+pxtosqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bT

Â&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opovrsJ+pxtosqtSI[+L[H<S

W[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrxssJ+ppoSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

otrxssJ+ppoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opovrsJ+pxtosqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otrxssJ+ppoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppowsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtorw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqropxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?113


pvX[7LwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSpwX[7L>[Ńr3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]x@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUqt.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTpw.V[itxx…QcHrX[z[L.W[QpvU[7Lq SQ@[Ltv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<otrwtoJ+pvst„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupupw po 

„O\LSMS<oqrqqpJ+qrqprqt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSN[ǵL]9SG;S\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<ouosoqJ+qxrvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;M\S<

„@[T[9sqpsspt pp rMJ

pqtvsxġorosovQbXŃbR[;\JLotppssġoutxqp„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Krxprqu w qMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoxqvqoġpooxqu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvowġ

Ƕ¾rppsvr w rMJ

pptssoġopprrv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqo(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ouosoqJ+qxrvt„Mj[I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊM_O­N[ǵL]

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovswrt po (

<otrwtoJ+pvst„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otttqsJ+rpsxpo

„OT]rpttvqt w sMJ

„O\LSMS<orowooJ+qstoso„Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QþTpowstrw qs pMJ

porsrvġoppuor„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsoswġporsrv„Mj[(

Ǐdzuqrqrq ps rMJ

ostwoq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostwoqġourwtu„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqpvqsqp u sMJ

S[ȉspusrqq pp qMJ

„9H^popusrqq qs sMJ QþTO\¾ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L 1ǚS;H[S[Wš[H„O\LSMS<oqrqpsJ+qrqpptSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ouorttJ+qxqoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U …OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouorttJ+ qxqoSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprsuv

popqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<oqrqpsJ+qrqpptSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr

qtqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ \Oj[L<otrxotJ+pwqqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqrqpsJ+qrqpptSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/

\Oj[L<ouorttJ+qxqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ„O\LSMS<oqrqpsJ+qrqpptSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<otrxotJ+pwqqtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouorttJ+qxqoSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrxotJ+ pwqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

„O\LSMS<oqrqpsJ+qrqpptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouorttJ+qxqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lourvov„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lowtqts„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lppossw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[oppvsu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[orrsto„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lotswtp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsusr

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxqtto„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpottoo„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqquqr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqppsq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospurp„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď114


pwX[7LwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;s3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]po@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUqu.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTpx.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHsX[z[L.W[QpwU[7LrSQ@[L tv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpotpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ouorsvJ+qxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupupw po 

orquswJ+qtrurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ouorsvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ottvpwJ+ptpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpxqxJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tsqxw pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄovtrroÄĄporsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuovÄĄororsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krwtrsq w qMJ

-X[ÄĄorosquÄĄorsursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotprtÄĄ

ǜžrppwtu w rMJ

ovtrroÄĄowsvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoworoqÄĄowstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spusopq pp qMJ

ppttqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpusvÄĄportsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpr(

\Oj[L<ottvpwJ+ptpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovswrt po (

qxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouosqxJ+rqpostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]rputsrw x pMJ

qqswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotpqppÄĄoutxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpowrvv qs pMJ

-X[ÄĄostpprÄĄourwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworoqÄĄoxqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłuqrxsq ps rMJ

pprrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsursÄĄotpotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lqpvrptq u sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrrsxÄĄpopsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopsrxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popusopq qs sMJ QĂžTO\ž O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqvoqJ+qtrvvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< orqvoqJ+qtrvvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouorrwJ+qwrvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqvoqJ+qtrvvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ottvrpJ+ptqpqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqvoqJ+qtrvvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouorrwJ+ qwrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottvrpJ+ptqpqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouorrwJ+qwrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqvoqJ+qtrvvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< ottvrpJ+ptqpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsqsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?115


pxX[7LwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;t3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pp@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUqv.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTqo.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHtX[z[L.W[QpxU[7LsSQ@[L tv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpppvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ottvqsJ+ptpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovovtp pp 

ortpopJ+qurttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ottvqsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otqorxJ+opwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpvqxpt pr rMJ

oppuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstouÄĄpotprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuopÄĄ

O^Krwsopo w qMJ

ououqqÄĄovoootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourwrrÄĄovqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrporpsr w rMJ

outrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvsxÄĄourwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourwrrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxot(

\Oj[L<otqorxJ+opwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howroqu pp (

ptpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otsqrvJ+rppstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvtptr x pMJ

opourpJ+pxsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsppuÄĄ

QĂžTpowqvtr qs pMJ

opsoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqqrrÄĄorsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłuqsvo ps rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopruqoÄĄorpvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpqrwÄĄ

U\Lqpvrxqp u sMJ

ovtvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqpqÄĄotpppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spurvp pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popurvp qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortppuJ+qururtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<otqorqJ+opwrvtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqorqJ+

opwrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpx

qpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortppuJ+qururtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otqorqJ+opwrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottvptJ+ptprqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqorqJ+opwrvtSI[+L[H

H[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ottvptJ+ptprqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortppuJ+qururtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otqorqJ+opwrvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrwtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?116


qoX[7LwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;u3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUqw.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTqp.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHuX[z[L.W[QqoU[7LtSQ@[L tv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppssO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otqostJ+opxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowoopo pq 

orsuqvJ+quqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otqostJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ospupxJ+tvruttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uostpo ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLouousuÄĄoxsproÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Krwrrr w qMJ

-X[ÄĄoppupsÄĄoqoxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqorsÄĄowoqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrxttso w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorotorÄĄorsvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoptosÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spurrto pp pMJ

oppspqÄĄoqrrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtu(

\Oj[L<ospupxJ+tvruttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpopx pq (

opxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ostptwJ+qxvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwsxw x pMJ

ppqxstJ+ptspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<oxrotwJ+posrrqt

QĂžTpowpvtx qs pMJ

owoqswÄĄoxqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotprotÄĄouousuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłuqtsqv ps rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpuoxÄĄorotorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostotwÄĄotssrx

U\Lqpvsusv u sMJ

ppttsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttsrÄĄopruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popurrto qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsuqoJ+quqrvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L 9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsuqoJ+quqrvt

SI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otqpooJ+opxsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsuqoJ+quqrvtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ospupqJ+tvrurvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

otqpooJ+opxsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqpooJ+opxsvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ospupqJ+tvrurvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otqpooJ+opxsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ospupqJ+tvrurvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowspouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrstt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?117


qpX[7LwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;w3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUqx.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTqq.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHwX[z[L.W[QqpU[7Lu SQ@[Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ospuswJ+tvrwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowtroo pr 

MS<orptpsJ+qtspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqsvowJ+trtqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upspuru pt rMJ

stvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotprrrÄĄovootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krwrqqr w qMJ

-X[ÄĄpprsooÄĄoqqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvpqÄĄotssqw

ǜžrxqotw w qMJ

oqqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorputwÄĄostvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwst(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oqsvowJ+trtqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxswsu pr (

ospuswJ+tvrwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsrxJ+qttqst

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxsuqt x pMJ

ÇśP\Oj[L<oxrpquJ+posssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<ovpqtoJ+

QĂžTpowvqs qs pMJ

-X[ÄĄportqqÄĄoppupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoqqÄĄoxqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłurqp ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororrrÄĄortvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsosxÄĄ

U\Lqpvtspp u sMJ

outsovÄĄowrssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporttrÄĄppttowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spurorx pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popurorx qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twtuqt ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orptqvJ+qtsstSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orptqvJ+qtsstS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orptqvJ+qtsstSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqsvopJ+trtqroSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orptqvJ+qtsstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oqsvopJ+trtqroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxrppxJ+possqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orptqvJ+qtsstSI[+L[HQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqsvopJ+trtqroSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrotx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?118


qqX[7LwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;x3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUro.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTqr.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHxX[z[L.W[QqqU[7Lv SQ@[Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqrwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ootvqvJ+sxpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxsuqs ps 

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttorJ+qpsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+stxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<osrwtpJ+twrotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqwqqx pu rMJ

ororroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvotÄĄotssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvtpÄĄ

O^Krwrwx w qMJ

orotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppupxÄĄoqoxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžrwsvsw w qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopruqtÄĄorputrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvpqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrr(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqpspJ+qqsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoqurr ps (

ootvqvJ+sxpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<ovprso

Â&#x201E;OT]rqosrsr x qMJ

/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLovtssvÄĄportrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupxÄĄ

QĂžTpovtupq qs pMJ

ovqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvovÄĄpprsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopspoqÄĄ

Ç?Çłurxss ps rMJ

pqpuqsÄĄpqtwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutsroÄĄowrstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpwprq u sMJ

oxpurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spuqvqw pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popuqvqw qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optstvJ+qpsqqoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqprtJ+qqswttSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optstvJ+qpsqqoSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqprtJ+qqswttSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqprtJ+qqswttSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqprtJ+qqswttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ootvqpJ+sxpvvtSI[+L[H 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovprrqJ+

stwsvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqprtJ+qqswttS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ootvqpJ+sxpvvtS I[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpostowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqvor

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxoupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HportpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqoustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?119


qrX[7LwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;po3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUrp.V[iwsP[SH]j\W\PTqs.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpoX[z[L.W[QqrU[7Lw SQ@[Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<potprsJ+ssqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpososq pt 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pptussJ+pustrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<optptuJ+tprqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpqotw pv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortutvÄĄotssoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxtuÄĄoxqvoq

O^Krwtopv w qMJ

ortutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqvoqÄĄpotpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžrwpuqq w qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptuoqÄĄopruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrtpuÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqo(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxswJ+pxswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpposrt pt (

potprsJ+ssqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<osrxqoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqpspr x qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotpsroÄĄovoprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsqppÄĄppqxpu

QĂžTpovssqs qs pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopspptÄĄotprotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxtrÄĄ

Ç?Çłurpvrt ps rMJ

ppqxpuÄĄpqqqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotpsvÄĄpprsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpwwto u sMJ

poptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrsprÄĄortrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spuqspw pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popuqspw qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxsqJ+pxswSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxsqJ+

pxswSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxsqJ+pxswSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<potpqvJ+

ssqqqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<potpqvJ+

ssqqqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppturvJ+pustpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxsqJ+pxswSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<potpqvJ+ ssqqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqrov

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxoqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqoqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opswovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qsX[7LwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pp3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUpX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqt.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHppX[z[L.W[QqsU[7Lx SQ@[Ltv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]M\OĂ&#x160;[bS[ML]M^Ă&#x160;J[59[JU].\@9[ÄĄĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TL

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?120


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprrrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrsxJ+rwpvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppruqu pu 

O\G@\Oj[L<oxssqpJ+ppprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrsxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HS[\H<pottrxJ+ssppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vquxrr pw rMJ

-X[ÄĄporttrÄĄoppuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsqqsÄĄporttr

O^Krxwrt w qMJ

ostutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostutxÄĄourvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwou(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<ppsrtqJ+pupqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppsrtu pu (

rwpvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovqpquJ+tpstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]rqqrwqs x qMJ

S[\HpqtxoqÄĄoroupwQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpstwÄĄovoptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpovrqq qs pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqutvÄĄpooxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpusqÄĄ

Ç?Çłurqtrr ps sMJ

ppttqtÄĄoppstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrvsusx w qMJ U\Lqpwput u sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spuqpv pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popuqpv qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppsrsuJ+puppuoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrsoJ+rwpustSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L< poovrxJ+pqporoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ

O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owrrsoJ+rwpustSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsrsuJ+puppuoSI[+L[Hqrtvx pppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poovrxJ+pqporoSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqs quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppsrsuJ+puppuoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrsoJ+rwpustSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poovrxJ+pqporoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[ Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrsoJ+rwpustSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrsoJ+rwpustSI[+L[H

M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxsspsJ+ppprpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppsrsuJ+puppuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrsoJ+rwpustSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouoxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpxpq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opssppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?121


qtX[7LwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pq3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pv@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUqX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqu.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpqX[z[L.W[QqtU[7LpoSQ@[L tv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsopO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ouowqwJ+rqpqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrspq pv 

Q_T[\Oj[L<poowrtJ+pqpqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<owqwpoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ouowqwJ+rqpqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpoqtpu px sMJ

rurtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotptqvÄĄovoqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krxrqtr w qMJ

-X[ÄĄostootÄĄourutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoptsÄĄoxqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrvpxpv w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxotÄĄotpsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovttstÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spupvtu pp pMJ

owrtsxÄĄpopuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopuopÄĄpptupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotptqv\Oj[LoxsqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqtsx pv (

wortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L<ovqqpuJ+tpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrrtsu x rMJ

ostsqoJ+txtuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚQ[J[L<ovtrruJ+

QĂžTpovpxv qs pMJ

-X[ÄĄovttstÄĄporuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqpÄĄororprÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłurrrrx ps sMJ

-X[ÄĄorouruÄĄorsxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpsvÄĄpprspt

U\Lqpwqrpv u sMJ

owsxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoptsÄĄowssqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popupvtu qs rMJ

9[TS[\HoxpuprÄĄporttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QÞTO\ž ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<poowqwJ+pqpqrqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<owqwoqJ+woptSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S \QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppq

pspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poowqwJ+pqpqrqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqwoqJ+woptSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poowqwJ+pqpqrqtSI[+L[H<S

W[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Q[J[L<ouowsrJ+rqprpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqwoqJ+woptSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouowsrJ+rqprpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

owqwoqJ+woptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouowsrJ+rqprpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ovqqpoJ+tpusvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouowsrJ+rqprpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owqwoqJ+woptSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouotrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ororqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovptpu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?122


quX[7LwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSqvX[7L>[Ńpr3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pw@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUrX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqv.V[itxx…QcHprX[z[L.W[QquU[7LppSQ@[L tv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ „O\LSMS<orspooJ+quqso„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oprsqv pw 

1ġS[V[i[\Oj[L<ouswttJ+rtppvt„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SG„9gTO

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

quqso„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oqqutpJ+tqtuvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

„@[T[9wqsssss qo sMJ

\JLoxsqsxġoppuqo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howssppġpotpsu„Mj[

O^Krpoqtu w rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouoxpwġovoqsp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoururvġ

Ƕ¾rutrts w qMJ

otpttuġoutuop„Mj[-X[ġosturqġoururv„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvrs(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<owqwtxJ+wqrvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opppqv pw (

\Oj[L<osttrpJ+txwtvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„O\LSMS<orspooJ+

„OT]rqsrrx x rMJ

„R[;Ñ]\HQ[J[L<ossxstJ+qwtsrqt„Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ɛ[L-Q`HbR[;

QþTpovtsr qs pMJ

-X[ġpqpusxġopsptq„Mj[-X[ġoqqsqsġorsxqv„Mj[(

Ǐdzursptq ps sMJ

ovpxow„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruqpġorpuqu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqpwroqv u sMJ

oururvġovtuqp„Mj[-X[ġortssuġotpsro„Mj[(

S[ȉspupsst pp pMJ

„9H^popupsst qs rMJ QþTO\¾ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<owqwtqJ+wqqoSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<orsotqJ+quqqoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U

…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L

<ouswswJ+rtpSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\L

O[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[ O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<orsotqJ+quqqoSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^

S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<owqwtqJ+wqqo SI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ouswswJ+rtpSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt pvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owqwtqJ+wqqoSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owqwtqJ+wqqoSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ „O\LSMS<orsotqJ+quqqoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owqwtqJ+wqqoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„O\LSMS<orsotqJ+quqqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouswswJ+rtpSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJ LíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Louopss„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lowpvrp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpoqxqs„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqsqqp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[oqtxqv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lotprqv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovppqo

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UH„WŁ[owtoqu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpopxru„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpptpop„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprupx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orspox„Mj[(

qvX[7LwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSqwX[7L>[Ńps3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]px@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUsX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqw.V[itxx…QcHpsX[z[L.W[QqvU[7Lpq SQ@[Ltv\X@S] Q[\S84

M[\ď123


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpstwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppstvJ+pxtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrvps px 

Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<otpsssJ+txtsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sutvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvssJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xxsqt qp sMJ

O[bS[S[\HowopqtÄĄoxqurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpuqsÄĄ

O^Krporwqv w rMJ

owopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputsÄĄorovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžrurosu w pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopuqpÄĄpptuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptuqoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvpu(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<ousxstJ+rtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqoptu px (

<oppstvJ+pxtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ooosorJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqtrors x rMJ

qppwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLouoxssÄĄoxsropÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpoutptp qs pMJ

ouoxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupxÄĄoqoxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwtoÄĄ

Ç?Çłurtopr ps sMJ

ossxruÄĄotsqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorovpsÄĄorsxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpwrvrr u sMJ

oprupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopptqvÄĄoqrtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spupprs pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popupprs qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ousxrwJ+rtrtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<otpstvJ+txttvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potsswJ+pssstS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousxrwJ+rtrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

otpstvJ+txttvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ousxrwJ+rtrtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opptpqJ+pxtvSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpstvJ+txttvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potsswJ+pssstSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ousxrwJ+rtrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptpqJ+pxtvSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<potsswJ+

pssstSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ousxrwJ+rtrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptpqJ+pxtvSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otpstv J+txttvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potsswJ+pssstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqttrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotoxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovovqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppsvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?124


qwX[7LwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pt3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUtX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqx.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHptX[z[L.W[QqwU[7Lpr SQ@[Ltv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TLT\QTĂ&#x2DC;[OL]M_\G­Q[S[:]M_\G­Q[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<pottstJ+psvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorspsx qo 

\Oj[L<otptrrJ+txturvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ortorvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxsxtsJ+spqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqrqosx qr pMJ

J+prttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<owoqrvJ+utrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Krpppxpq w rMJ

oppupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwrpÄĄoxququÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprsqoÄĄ

ǜžruxtv w pMJ

oroqsxÄĄortuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsqptÄĄoqqstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spuwqs pp pMJ

owrurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportsrÄĄppttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourutv(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<owsutsJ+wsrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqtvtr qo (

tuqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGOO\Oj[L<pottstJ+psvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rquqwp x rMJ

owsutsJ+wsrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<potpot

QĂžTpourvrs qr sMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotputsÄĄovorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuqxÄĄ

Ç?Çłurtwsq ps sMJ

oqqstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortuotÄĄotsqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lqpwssru u sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpuowÄĄostuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutusuÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popuwqs qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxsxstJ+spqqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ortotpJ+tuqrsoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potuooJ+

psvstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ S[\H<oxsxstJ+spqqvtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ortotpJ+tuqrsoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potuooJ+psvstSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<ortotpJ+tuqrsoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsvow

J+wssqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owsvow J+wssqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<potuooJ+psvstSI[+L[H9^Q[h[ :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsvowJ+wssqqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pototwJ+ prttpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potuooJ+psvstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ortotpJ+tuqrsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owsvowJ+wssqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowoxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LototruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovorqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppsroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S84

M[\Ä?125


qxX[7LwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pu3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUuX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTro.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpuX[z[L.W[QqxU[7Lps SQ@[Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpttuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<owsvssJ+wsttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lossurq qp 

ortpquJ+tuqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[\Oj[L<oqspptJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

wsttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovsxoqJ+rupxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9povrorp qs pMJ

oworqvJ+uttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<otqvttJ+oqtvt

O^Krpqstr w rMJ

oppupsÄĄoroqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortttpÄĄotsqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžrttprp w pMJ

opsqqvÄĄorovtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppupsÄĄoqoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sputpr pp pMJ

owrutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruppÄĄorpttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loururv(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<outssqJ+sqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ortwtv qp (

trqwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owsvssJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqvqtqx x sMJ

;S\Oj[L<outssqJ+sqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<

QĂžTpouqqtt qr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLovtvooÄĄporurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłusvpv ps sMJ

ourtqxÄĄovpwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqupuÄĄpprsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lqpwtprt u sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpvorÄĄpqtxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutvowÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poputpr qs rMJ

ovttrqÄĄoxptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QÞTO\ž ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oqsproJ+trqxtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oworqoJ+utstqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqspro J+trqxtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owsvtwJ+wsuqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqsproJ+trqxtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V \Oj[L<outsrtJ+spsvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsvtwJ+wsuqvtS

I[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outsrtJ+spsvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

oworqoJ+utstqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owsvtwJ+wsuqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;

Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqsproJ+trqxt

SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<outsrtJ+spsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotopsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutxrq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?126


roX[7LwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pv3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUvX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTrp.V[itxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpvX[z[L.W[QroU[7Lpt SQ@[Ltv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<outtrqJ+sspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotsxou qq 

<optotxJ+tpqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otqqpvJ+oxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqproqx qt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpvtqÄĄovosoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krpqttpr w rMJ

ovpvsxÄĄoxquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqrwÄĄotpuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrtrtrq w pMJ

potpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxtrÄĄpqqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;spuqq pp pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrvpoÄĄpopusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqruosÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourupt(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<otqqpvJ+oxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otorrr qq (

outtrqJ+sspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ououpsJ+rqottÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqwqqtx x sMJ

<otqwqtJ+oquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<oroxotJ+tsruto

QĂžTpouvtu qr sMJ

oxsrruÄĄppqxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttrvÄĄotspttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłuspuo ps sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxqoÄĄorttrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxquotÄĄ

U\Lqpwtwrq u sMJ

potpruÄĄpprsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuqwÄĄopruovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popuqq qs rMJ

ortupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QÞTO\ž ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<optotqJ+tpqppvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqwsoJ+oqvSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<optotqJ+tpqppvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<optotqJ+tpqppvtS I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outtqtJ+

srtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<optotqJ+tpqppvt SI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outtqtJ+srtqt SI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<optotqJ+tpqppvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

outtqtJ+srtqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqqrqJ+opoqvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otqwsoJ+oqvSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<outtqtJ+srtqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<optotqJ+tpqppvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqqrqJ+opoqvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowopsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Louttrv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?127


rpX[7LwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pw3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qr@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUwX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTpX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpwX[z[L.W[QrpU[7LpuSQ@[L tv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotputsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<otqqsvJ+opptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousvrp qr 

\Oj[L<opqsovJ+toprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ospsqsJ+tvpwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pptpwx qu pMJ

orowquQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpwqpÄĄovosrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporutqÄĄ

O^Krprsxtv w sMJ

oxqttsÄĄpoowsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorptrrÄĄosttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrtqqq w pMJ

oppuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourttq(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ospsqsJ+tvpwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louoxqp qs (

otqqsvJ+opptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<osstqoJ+qwrvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqxqoro x sMJ

\Oj[L<opoxsrJ+sxrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxtxÄĄ

QĂžTpottqso qr sMJ

oppuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsrsvÄĄporutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłusqsto ps sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosttotÄĄoursrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttstÄĄ

U\Lqpxtqt u sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spttwtp pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popttwtp qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<opqrtxJ+topqtoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqroqJ+oppsqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opqrtxJ+

topqtoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opqrtxJ+topqtoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqroqJ+oppsqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ospsptJ+tvpwroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqroqJ+

oppsqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opqrtx J+topqtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<ospsptJ+tvpwroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpooxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutpsp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?128


pP[JwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qo3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUxX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqoX[z[L.W[QpP[ȢpvSQ@[Ltv \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpX[7LwsQ[\S uvvvqr W[9TbWL J+spptpt <qpsvSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ospsroJ+tvpxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsosr qs 

opqrroJ+topoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ospsroJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orrrqwJ+ttrtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TS[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppwtprs qv pMJ

ovostrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtvtsÄĄporutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuoqÄĄ

O^Krpsswsv w sMJ

oxqtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorowssÄĄortprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžrtppp w pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovtvtsÄĄowtotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtxtuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sptttso pp pMJ

popvotÄĄppturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpstwÄĄportqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtqx(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<orrrqwJ+ttrtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovpsow qt (

tvpxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortoqrJ+qupwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sopwr po pMJ

<pprprrJ+strpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotpwtpÄĄ

QĂžTpotrvpo qr sMJ

oroqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosswovÄĄourspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtxtuÄĄ

Ç?Çłusrrsv ps sMJ

potpqvÄĄpprsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortprvÄĄotpvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpxpqpt u sMJ

owsqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrvsoÄĄpopvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poptttso qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<opqrstJ+toppqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortopvJ+qupwrtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<opqrstJ+toppqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opqrstJ+ toppqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

opqrstJ+toppqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<orrrqpJ+ttrtqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortopvJ+qupwrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opqrstJ+toppqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orrrqpJ+ttrtqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoottoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousvst

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?129


qP[JwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSrP[J>[Ńqp3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@] qt@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUpoX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTrX[7Ltxx…QcHqpX[z[L.W[QqP[ȢpwSQ@[Ltv\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvtqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ \Oj[L<orqqswJ+ttvqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqwsu qt 

J+tpqprt„Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG;S„O\LSMS<orqsptJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\O\Ɔ„R[;;ĚS[\H<popvpoJ+sqqsrt„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JL

„@[T[9oqxrs p pMJ

pqpvptġopsrow„Mj[-X[ġoqquotġortptx„Mj[(

O^Krpttpqv w sMJ

ovpurw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtswġorptou„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾rtqro w pMJ

ourrsqġovtspr„Mj[-X[ġortvqpġotpvtq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtos(

WŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊ-\LjL]\Oj[L<optqqv

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowpuro qu (

qtpqpvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<orqqswJ+ttvqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]spptrv po pMJ

oxssovġoppttv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howsqrqġpotpqq„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTpotqpro qr sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoupqpvġovotpt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hourrsqġ

Ǐdzussqto ps sMJ

otpxqoġoutwrw„Mj[-X[ġostsqsġourrsq„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqpxpxp u sMJ

S[ȉspttqro pp pMJ

„9H^popttqro qs rMJ QþTO\¾ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<optqsqJ+tpqqpqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<optqsqJ+ tpqqpqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L< optqsqJ+tpqqpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orqqsqJ+

ttvpqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orqqsqJ+ttvpqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(„O\LSMS<orqsowJ+qtppuoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<optqsqJ+tpqqpqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orqqsqJ+ttvpqtSI[+L[H\JL

Jó[„J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lotrspq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovsxtx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpoopts„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqpsto„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[oqrptv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lossttt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousrsw

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UH„WŁ[owqqtt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxtqot„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hppqrqx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opowsw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orprru„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď130


rP[JwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qq3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUppX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTsX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqqX[z[L.W[QrP[ȢpxSQ@[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<orsrotJ+tttuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxpqqw qu 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwsqJ+qtqqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<orsrot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLoupqsrÄĄoxsspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9optppst q pMJ

-X[ÄĄoppttpÄĄoqowssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpuprÄĄovtxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krputvss x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroxpxÄĄortqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvqoÄĄ

ǜžrstuqw w pMJ

oppuqtÄĄoqrvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursrv(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<oqtptxJ+trsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxpttx qv (

J+tttuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­S[\H<oxqvptJ+sopwrt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqprpr po pMJ

ovtxprÄĄoxqtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpxsxÄĄoupqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpottsq qr sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpvpvÄĄoroxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossvqtÄĄotsopw

Ç?Çłustqp ps sMJ

ppturpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppturpÄĄoprtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqpxqtsr u sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sptsxpx pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poptsxpx qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oqtptqJ+trswtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqtptqJ+trswtqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqtptqJ+trswtqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqtptqJ+trswtqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L< orsqtxJ+tttusoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orsqtxJ+tttusoSI[+L[HL[\S9L

:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwtuJ+qtqqsvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orsqtxJ+tttusoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourxtq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxswoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opostqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?131


sP[JwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qr3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUpqX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTtX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqrX[z[L.W[QsP[ȢqoSQ@[Ltv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;S@Ĺ&#x2030;[Ć&#x2020;Q]@Ĺ&#x2030;

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwtpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<osrrtxJ+twqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtqtx qv 

9SGO[TOQ[J[L<ososqwJ+qutoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rxpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqopxÄĄovottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqvtwrt r pMJ

-X[ÄĄpprspsÄĄoqqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortsprÄĄotrxtq

O^Krpwvqr x pMJ

oqqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpsruÄĄostrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourspo(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<osqpopJ+tvrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpopqsx qw (

osrrtxJ+twqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OS[\H<oxopqwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]srpotp po pMJ

-X[ÄĄporvpuÄĄopptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovptsuÄĄoxqtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpossxsx qr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoropqrÄĄortsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrqvÄĄ

Ç?Çłutppw ps sMJ

outxqqÄĄowrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportooÄĄppttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrstqtt w pMJ

U\Lqpxrqqq u sMJ S[Č&#x2030;sptsuw pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poptsuw qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ososqoJ+qutoqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<osqpptJ+tvrpvtSI[+L[HO`V

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ososqoJ+

qutoqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osqpptJ+tvrpvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osqpptJ+

tvrpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ \Oj[L<osrrtpJ+twqrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<ososqoJ+qutoqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osqpptJ+tvrpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osrrtpJ+twqrvt SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosrworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourttu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?132


tP[JwsQ[\S„T/M[9M[wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSuP[J>[Ńqs3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qw@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUprX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTuX[7Ltxx…QcHqsX[z[L.W[QtP[ȢqpSQ@[Ltv \X@S]„;[9^T[ƆQ]LbŁ[¢WO

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxqoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<osrropJ+tworqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hporpro qw 

<osqoqtJ+tvqxqt„Mj[I[+L[H„S[\XG]\Oj[L<oupvotJ+qpxro

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<otoxstJ+qxrqqqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

„@[T[9pporpqp s pMJ

rxqqt„Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLovtxosġporvqp„Mj[

O^Krpxqopo x pMJ

O[bS[S[\Hourqoxġovptpw„Mj[-X[ġoxqsssġpprspo„Mj[

Ƕ¾rstpsw w pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqpvpxġopooqw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutxsrġ

S[ȉsptsqtv pp pMJ

ovtrorġoxprtv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrsq(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ottqruJ+ppwpvt„Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LíÊ9`\ġ9[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppovrq qx (

„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<osrropJ+tworqt„Mj[

„OT]sswro po qMJ

ottqruJ+ppwpvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;O½[<[H„Wń[<owtvrvJ+

QþTposrrts qr sMJ

-X[ġopptrvġoropow„Mj[-X[ġortrtrġotrxqs„Mj[

Ǐdzutposp ps sMJ

-X[ġopsrruġoroxts„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopptrvġoqowqq

U\Lqpxrwtv u sMJ

owrwrw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprtqsġorpspx„Mj[(9[TS[\H

„9H^poptsqtv qs rMJ QþTO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twrvtt

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<oupvpwJ+qqoqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ Q[J[L<otoxrvJ+qxrqqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oupvpwJ+ qqoqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<

oupvpwJ+qqoqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<ottqqxJ+ppvuoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Q[J[L<otoxrvJ+qxrqqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

ottqqxJ+ppvuoSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oupvpwJ+qqoqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lotqqqs„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovrwpp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxtoou„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqoroq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[oqqoox„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Losrsox„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourqop „Mj[(9^ŦS[\UH„WŁ[owppow„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxsopw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hppppsq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqtvoo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oropsx„Mj[(

uP[JwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSvP[J>[Ńqs3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qx@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUpsX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTvX[7Ltxx…QcHqsX[z[L.W[QuP[ȢqqSQ@[Ltv \X@S]„;[9^T[ƆQ]LbŁ[¢WO

Q[\S84

M[\ď133


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxsxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ottprwJ+ppttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppoxox qx 

\Oj[L<oupuqxJ+qpvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[\Oj[L<owrtosJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ousoptJ+rrpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqqtqp s sMJ

rxrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotqppvÄĄovousoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krqorttr x qMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpssxÄĄoxqsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrstÄĄotpxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrstru w pMJ

pototsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpproouÄĄpqqqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;sptrxsu pp pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrwtqÄĄpopvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrvsuÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrpq(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ovrrtqJ+tropqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqooss ro (

wrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG;S\Oj[L<ottprwJ+ppttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]stupp po qMJ

ovrrtqJ+tropqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GS[\H<oxprpsJ+

QĂžTpospwp qr sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxssssÄĄpproouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrrrÄĄotrwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłutqopp ps sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowpoÄĄortrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqsqwÄĄ

U\Lqpxstqx u sMJ

pototsÄĄpprsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuqvÄĄoprtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poptrxsu qs rMJ

ortwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QÞTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oupuqqJ+qpvsqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxprovJ+rxrxrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

owrstwJ+wqtvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottprpJ+pptrtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ S[\H<oxprovJ+rxrxrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupuqqJ+qpvsqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt

pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrstwJ+wqtvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oupuqqJ+qpvsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

owrstwJ+wqtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottprpJ+pptrtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< ovrrstJ+tqxttSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottprpJ+pptrtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oupuqqJ+qpvsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovrrstJ+tqxttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owrstwJ+wqtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosroprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owovpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqtrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?134


vP[JwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qt3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUptX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTwX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqtX[z[L.W[QvP[ȢqrSQ@[Ltv \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@@[Q[H^T\OJ[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqopxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovrqrsJ+tqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppsutt ro 

\Oj[L<owrrsvJ+vtxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxqxttJ+popxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qtrps t sMJ

ÄĄorpoqvQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqpsvÄĄovovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvqx

O^Krqptspx x qMJ

oxqsppÄĄpoovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorprssÄĄostqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrstusu w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqsp(

59[JU]\Oj[L<oxqxttJ+popxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqtqtu rp (

ovrqrsJ+tqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxsxJ+rvtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]surts po qMJ

S[\H<oxsqrqJ+sotptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;S[\Hopooru

QĂžTposqpr qr sMJ

ÄĄopptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsstqÄĄporvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłutqxsw ps sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostqqrÄĄourporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttspÄĄopputo

U\Lqpxtptu u sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sptrurt pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poptrurt qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owrrsoJ+vtxsqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ppourxJ+psqotvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrqqwJ+

tqusqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrrsoJ+vtxsqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppourxJ+psqotvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< owrrsoJ+vtxsqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<ppourxJ+psqotvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxropo

J+popxstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppourxJ+psqotvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <ovrqqwJ+tqusqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxropoJ+popxstSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(

\Oj[L<ovrqqwJ+tqusqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owrrsoJ+vtxsqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxropoJ+popxstSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppourxJ+psqotvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovropxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [oworpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpportpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqsxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otporvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?135


wP[JwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qu3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rp@^T[/uvvO[+T[bJUpuX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTxX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHquX[z[L.W[QwP[ȢqsSQ@[Ltv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]-Ĺ&#x2021;J[-@59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqoswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxqwrvJ+popttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqtsp rp 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxqwrvJ+popttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sqqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqqpuÄĄovovqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpvws u sMJ

-X[ÄĄosstqqÄĄouroqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtvpoÄĄoxqrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krqrptpv x qMJ

pprrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsotÄĄotqoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžrtqsu w pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrxpxÄĄpopvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvtoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqox(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<ppotqwJ+pspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opssqv p (

pororqJ+sqtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­S[\H<popxssJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]svprx po rMJ

-X[ÄĄovtxtsÄĄporvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptppÄĄoroopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTporsurq qr sMJ

-X[ÄĄorpossÄĄortsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotoruÄĄ

Ç?Çłutrxrp ps sMJ

ovtxtsÄĄowtqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtvpoÄĄowsorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpxtwqo u sMJ

pptuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxprorÄĄporsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sptrrqt pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poptrrqt qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ppotsqJ+pspwrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxqwtqJ+popuroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppotsqJ+pspwrtS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppotsqJ+pspwrtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxqwtqJ+popuroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppotsqJ+pspwrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqwtqJ+popuroSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxqwtqJ+popuroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppotsqJ+pspwrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqowqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otouspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?136


xP[JwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSpoP[J>[Ńqv3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]p.;ƆuvvO[+T[bJUpvX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTpoX[7Ltxx…QcHqvX[z[L.W[QxP[ȢqtSQ@[Ltv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqppvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<pprpoxJ+ptqouo„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opoupo

M^LO­W^„O\LSMS<opsqrqJ+qosxqvt„Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG…H\HT

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

svtptt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;O½H]M[HS[\H<potvsoJ+srtvpvt

„@[T[9qqxxtt v rMJ

owsooxġpotoqu„Mj[-X[ġpqpvpvġopssox„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Krqsrwru x rMJ

9^\T9S[\Houqxtpġovprpv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprssqġ

Ƕ¾rtppp w pMJ

ġouqxtp„Mj[(9[TS[\Houqxtpġovtppv„Mj[-X[ġortxtq

O^SH/Q[J[Lourprv(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqqst\Oj[Loxstov„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ

p O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqrtqo q (

\Oj[L<pprpoxJ+ptqouo„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oorqooJ+

„OT]svtxqt po rMJ

„Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstovġopptop„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QþTporrpq qr sMJ

oqqvrtġortsqu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouptpsġovovsq„Mj[(

Ǐdzutsxpx ps sMJ

orprot„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqqstġovopow„Mj[-X[ġostpqw

U\Lqqosrx v pMJ

ġotqppv„Mj[(

S[ȉsptrops pp pMJ

„9H^poptrops qs rMJ QþTO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pprpoqJ+ptqosqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[„O\LSMS<opsqqtJ+qosxpoSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ @^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprpoqJ+

ptqosqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LíÊH„O\LSMS<opsqqtJ+qosxpoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM^ƃSbJ[V\Oj[L<pprpoqJ+ptqosqtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<

opsqqtJ+qosxpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprpoqJ+ptqosqtSI[+L[H„O/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprpoq

J+ptqosqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„O\LSMS<opsqqt J+qosxpoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovqqqv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxrsqp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lppsvqo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

„OL^9[oqosqs„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lospwqs„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loupupv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovttqs„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxqsrr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpotttx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpqsppu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsuot„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqsu„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď137


poP[JwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qw3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]q.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUpwX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTppX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqwX[z[L.W[QpoP[ȢquSQ@[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpsvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqxsqJ+qopupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opswtr

-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqxsqJ+qopupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ppqxqwJ+stptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLouptrwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpppqqp w rMJ

otqrpsÄĄouptrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppstoÄĄoqovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Krqusv x rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosssquÄĄotrutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpppuÄĄ

ǜžrtqpro w pMJ

pptupsÄĄoprsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvotÄĄoqrwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpor(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Q[J[L<ospstvJ+qvxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorqtqr r (

<oqqtowJ+tqrrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LS[\H<

Â&#x201E;OT]swtvps po rMJ

oxstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtuptÄĄoxqrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

QĂžTporptsu qr rMJ

ovpqstÄĄovtuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvpuÄĄorpppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłuttxps ps sMJ

ortssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvtxÄĄpptupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqopott v pMJ S[Č&#x2030;sptqvr pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poptqvr qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ospstoJ+qvxSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^L

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqxrtJ+qopttqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ospstoJ+qvxSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpv

pxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ospstoJ+ qvxSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqxrtJ+qopttqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqxrtJ+qopttqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L< ospstoJ+qvxSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqooqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?138


ppP[JwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qx3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUpxX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTpqX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqxX[z[L.W[QppP[ȢqvSQ@[Ltv \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbO9JS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpstuJ+qsrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrsow

9SGU9^\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpstuJ+qsrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

suqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotqrsrÄĄovowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqrpwtr x qMJ

-X[ÄĄpprrrxÄĄoqqvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortprwÄĄotrupv

O^Krqvrprx x sMJ

oqqvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpqqrÄĄostoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louroqw(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Q[J[L<ourrsoJ+rqtstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lospsps s (

osoospJ+turppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<S[\H<ppswsoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sxtts po rMJ

-X[ÄĄporvsoÄĄoppsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpqppÄĄoxqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTporosw qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtxpwÄĄortprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłuuxpt ps sMJ

ovoptoÄĄowrxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporrssÄĄppttquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrtrsv w pMJ

U\Lqqopvu v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sptqrtq pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poptqrtq qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ourrttJ+rqttroSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S 9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orptpqJ+qsrwsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[Q[J[L<ourrttJ+rqttroSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ourrttJ+rqttroSI[+L[Hqrtv xpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ourrttJ+rqttroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orptpqJ+qsrwsqt SI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< orptpqJ+qsrwsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opturrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouowqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovsvrq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/oststsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?139


pqP[JwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ro3\Vb9UQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUqoX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTprX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHroX[z[L.W[QpqP[ȢqwSQ@[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<osrxsoJ+qwwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqptp

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<ortxsrJ+tuqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOS[\H<ppsxtqJ+suspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9strqto po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortppqÄĄotrtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqvtvÄĄovppru

O^Krqxpt x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppsqvÄĄoqousqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvppÄĄ

ǜžrtswtp w pMJ

oprsorÄĄorpqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsxswÄĄoxpprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxtp(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrproJ+rvswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotopqu t (

osrxsoJ+qwwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<otpqquJ+txqxqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]spotqtu po sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowootvÄĄporvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsqvÄĄoqtwtv

QĂžTpoqsuw qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqqrsÄĄpprrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssqxÄĄorppsv

Ç?Çłuupxqq ps sMJ

opootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoqpoÄĄowsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqoqrps v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sptqosp pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poptqosp qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpssJ+rvswtoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpssJ+rvswtoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpssJ+rvswtoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<osrxrqJ+qwwqoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<osrxrqJ+qwwqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpssJ+rvswtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouosqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovsrrt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpossppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?140


prP[JwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]t.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUqpX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTpsX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpT[+OL.W[QprP[ȢqxSQ@[Ltv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<otrvqsJ+rorpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osppsr

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<otpptoJ+txqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pptrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­S[\H<ppqxovJ+stpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spvtvpo pp qMJ

ppqxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortosuÄĄotrtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovppopÄĄ

O^Ksorqpu po pMJ

oqouqtÄĄortosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqqpqÄĄposxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrutru w pMJ

pprrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptttxÄĄoprrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxps(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]S[\H<pooqsrJ+sprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

t O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotsuru u (

Q[J[L<otrvqsJ+rorpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otttqsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spptoto po sMJ

I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotqsspÄĄovoxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxstrrÄĄ

QĂžTpoqrptq qr rMJ

oxqqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssrtÄĄotqrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłuuqxrs ps sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxtsÄĄpqqqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposxsoÄĄ

U\Lqqoqxpu v pMJ

owsoqoÄĄpopwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrxptÄĄosoppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sptpvrp pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poptpvrp qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<pooqruJ+sprssvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otttpvJ+pptqoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otttpvJ+ pptqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsu

vpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pooqruJ+sprssvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otrvpvJ+rorproSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pooqruJ+sprssvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otrvpvJ+rorproSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<pooqruJ+sprssvtSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otrvpvJ+rorproSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Q[J[L<otrvpvJ+

rorproSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H< pooqruJ+sprssvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovoussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosoqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovrxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqroqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?141


psP[JwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUqqX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTptX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqT[+OL.W[QpsP[ȢpSQ@[Ltv \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrsrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ouotprJ+rpsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otorpr

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ottssvJ+ppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ouotpr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½S[\H<possrtJ+srpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9torspv pq qMJ

-X[ÄĄporvssÄĄoppsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstrwÄĄporvss

O^Ksqtr po pMJ

osswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosswttÄĄouquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwru(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]S[\H<pposqqJ+sswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

u O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqxrt v (

J+rpsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouovqqJ+pssqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]spqswsu po sMJ

S[\HopootqÄĄorpqpwQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqtoxÄĄovoxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpoqpvuo qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqptoÄĄpootrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpppsÄĄ

Ç?Çłuurxtq ps sMJ

ppttoxÄĄoppvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžruqspx w pMJ

U\Lqqortpt v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sptpsqo pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poptpsqo qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<ppospuJ+ssvsvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppospuJ+ ssvsvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouotouJ+rprxtqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppospuJ+ssvsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS 9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouotouJ+rprxtqtS

I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppospuJ+ssvsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouotou J+rprxtqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otttoqJ+ppssqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ouotouJ+rprxtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<

ppospuJ+ssvsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovoqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovrtss Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?142


ptP[JwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;rMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]v.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUqrX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTpuX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHrT[+OL.W[QptP[ȢqU[7j[Ttv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqspqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<ouopssJ+rpropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otttsu

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouovowJ+psrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśPS[\H<oxrtrsJ+soqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tprqttx pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopprsvÄĄoqtvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossptqÄĄouqtts

O^Ksrrxqp po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposxprÄĄpprrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortuqtÄĄ

ǜžrusstu w qMJ

ovtrsoÄĄowrvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsospÄĄpopwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sptppx pp pMJ

porqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvtv(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[S[\H<pprtqwJ+stqsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

v O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovporo w (

ouopssJ+rpropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otswqtJ+ottsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]sprsusr pp pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqtrvÄĄovoxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowopspÄĄporvss

QĂžTpoqsru qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtrsoÄĄoxqpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpqrqÄĄortuqt

Ç?Çłuutopu pt pMJ

otqspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowopspÄĄowtrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lqqospx v pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopwpsÄĄppttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpoqwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poptppx qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<pprtqoJ+stqspvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

pprtqoJ+stqspvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<

ouopruJ+rpqxtvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[

J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<pprtqoJ+stqspvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouopruJ+rpqxtvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouovqqJ+

pssqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouopruJ+rpqxtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pprtqoJ+ stqspvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxposuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovrpsw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxootxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?143


puP[JwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;sMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]w.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUqsX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTpvX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHsT[+OL.W[QpuP[ȢrU[7j[Ttv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];bLU>H^I­]\W\Ä­\OL[bj9M_@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otqwooJ+rosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louswtw x 

O\G@\Oj[L<otswrpJ+otuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otqwooJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;ǜžÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqqvJ+rurotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqurrpu ps pMJ

pqputtÄĄopsstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqwsxÄĄortustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kstptp po qMJ

ovoxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprropÄĄorpoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžrvvqs w qMJ

ouqtppÄĄovsvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoqpsÄĄotqsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvpv(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[S[\H<pprvopJ+stqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsxst x (

rosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otoopvJ+twtspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]spssssr pp pMJ

oxstsvÄĄopprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrvotÄĄposwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTpoptpsq qr rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoupwoqÄĄovoxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqtppÄĄ

Ç?Çłuvost pt pMJ

otquouÄĄovorqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvswÄĄouqtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqqosutx v pMJ S[Č&#x2030;sptvtw pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poptvtw qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otqwpsJ+rotqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<pprutsJ+stqvSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otqwpsJ+rotqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H

<pprutsJ+stqvSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqwpsJ+rotqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otswstJ+

oturvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Q[J[L<otqwpsJ+rotqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJS[\H<pprutsJ+stqvSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqvtq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?144


pvP[JwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;tMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]x.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUqtX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTpwX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHtT[+OL.W[QpvP[ȢsU[7j[Ttv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtoxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<osqurrJ+qvqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louswtw x 

OO\Oj[L<otoosuJ+twttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<osqurrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹQ[J[L<ouovqpJ+rpsptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uxtuqo pt pMJ

oxqorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqursÄĄoupwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksutptw po rMJ

pqpusxÄĄorpropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossossÄĄotrqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrvrprw w qMJ

ppttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttroÄĄoprqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louquru(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]S[\H<pppprrJ+ssqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsxst x (

qvqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<orsttrJ+ttsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sptsqst pp pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoupwqtÄĄoxsttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtqrqÄĄ

QĂžTpoprxqp qr rMJ

opprpvÄĄoqotoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovowroÄĄovtqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłuvpppx pt pMJ

9^\T9S[\HorpropÄĄortvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwpuÄĄ

U\Lqqotqss v pMJ

oppvqrÄĄoqrxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sptssv pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poptssv qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9S[\H<ppppsvJ+ssqrqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppppsvJ+ssqrqtSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osquqtJ+qvqxrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppppsvJ+ssqrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<

ppppsvJ+ssqrqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osquqtJ+qvqxrvtSI[+L[H\LQ

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Q[J[L< osquqtJ+qvqxrvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<ppppsvJ+ssqrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqrtu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqoxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?145


pwP[JwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;uMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]po.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUquX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTpxX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHuT[+OL.W[QpwP[ȢtU[7j[Ttv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]OTbJOJ[1S@bĹ&#x2030;[¢WO

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtrvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtxtrJ+qrtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovsqrv po 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtxtrJ+qrtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+quqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvopÄĄovport

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqrrsro pu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqruÄĄoqqxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorswqqÄĄ

O^Kswrot po rMJ

opsstxÄĄoqqxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroxrqÄĄossurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrvtvru w qMJ

pptssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtts(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[S[\H<poqqsqJ+sqpxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqvtt po (

oqowqtJ+tpsqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortqou

Â&#x201E;OT]spusosx pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvsqÄĄopproqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovtoÄĄoxqopr

QĂžTpopqvrt qr rMJ

otrpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqturtÄĄorswqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłuvqptx pt pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLovosouÄĄowspppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporpttÄĄ

U\Lqqotwqs v pMJ S[Č&#x2030;sptprv pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poptprv qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<poqqtvJ+sqpxtoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H<poqqtvJ+sqpxtoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poqqtvJ+sqpxtoSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspu

pwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< orooowJ+qrtqsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poqqtvJ+sqpxtoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orooowJ+qrtqsvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H

<poqqtvJ+sqpxtoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orooowJ+qrtqsvtSI[+L[HH[T :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orooowJ+qrtqsvtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poqqtvJ+

sqpxtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqooo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqottrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?146


pxP[JwsQ[\S„T/M[9M[wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSqoP[J>[ŃvMijL[PQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pp.;ƆuvvO[+T[bJUqvX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqoX[7Ltxx…QcHvT[+OL.W[QpxP[ȢuU[7j[Ttv \X@S]Ø]T\TH[WŌQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ „O\LSMS<oppqsqJ+pxqrqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrusv pp 

„@½Ɗ[9SGO\G@„O\LSMS<oppqsqJ+pxqrqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+pxspuo„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;\JLowoqrsġporvso„Mj[

„@[T[9vvquqr pv qMJ

S[\Houqqtuġovovox„Mj[-X[ġoxpxsvġpprqqt„Mj[

O^Kspoxpw po sMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqpurvġopooto„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovosqtġ

Ƕ¾rwqtpq w qMJ

ovsttoġoxowss„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtpp(

I[+L[H-ƆQ]LíÊ-L^S[K[S[\H<oxpssuJ+rxqwpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxotsx pp (

<oopqpsJ+sutost„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;…OK`\H„O\LSMS<opqopv

„OT]spvrwts pp qMJ

-X[ġoppqstġoqtuox„Mj[-X[ġorsvtpġotrpps„Mj[O[bS[

QþTpoppuqt qr rMJ

-X[ġopstoqġorprqw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqstġoqosqv

Ǐdzuvrqss pt pMJ

owspqp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprqowġoroxos„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqqpso v pMJ

S[ȉspstwqu pp pMJ

„9H^popstwqu qs rMJ QþTO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QÊS[\H<oxpsrwJ+rxqvtqtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHS[\H<oxpsrwJ+

rxqvtqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/S[\H<

oxpsrwJ+rxqvtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<oppqrtJ+ pxqqstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oppqrtJ+pxqqstSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ppowoqJ+pspoptSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS <oppqrtJ+pxqqstSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxpsrwJ+rxqvtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppowoqJ+pspoptS I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lousrox„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowttoq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lppowoo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH „OL^9[opqtou„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orrxou„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotrutx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovpuot

„Mj[(Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owstps„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpopuso„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpqoptw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqousu„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrqv„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď147


qoP[JwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSqpP[J>[ŃwMijL[PQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pq.;ƆuvvO[+T[bJUqwX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqpX[7Ltxx…QcHwT[+OL.W[QqoP[ȢvU[7j[Ttv \X@S]Ø]Ø]S[K[ƆQ]Ø]Q\HS[K[S[L]S@SQ\JL „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqursO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<ppowtwJ+pspqrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrpsx pq 

ovtpqoJ+rttwro„Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGOO\Oj[L<ppowtwJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<owtpswJ+wqwrqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;\Oƃ^Ŧ\Oj[L<

„@[T[9vqpqxsv pw qMJ

I[+L[H.j^Ɛ[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvtuġovpppo„Mj[-X[ġoxsuop

O^Ksppsxqx po sMJ

ġoxpxqo„Mj[-X[ġopstouġotqurs„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ƕ¾rwtsqs w qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxpsġpqqotp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposvttġ

S[ȉspsttpt pp pMJ

owsproġpopwpu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqsoqwġosorrp„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsqv(

LOQ]\Oj[L<owtpswJ+wqwrqt„Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LíÊ„@½Ɗ[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxssqq pq (

pspqrt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<pooprwJ+spqspt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO

„OT]spwrvq pp qMJ

porssuJ+pqsvt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ]\H\Oj[L<ovrwooJ+tqsqt„Mj[

QþTpopttr qr rMJ

ġppqxps„Mj[-X[ġorsvpxġotrorr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovouqv

Ǐdzuvsrrs pt pMJ

oqosotġorsvpx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpxqoġposvtt„Mj[(

U\Lqqpxrp v pMJ

pprqpr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttorġoprpto„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^popsttpt qs rMJ QþTO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊQ[J[L<ovtprtJ+rttxvtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼnS[\H<pooprqJ+spqruoSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

í\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9 „W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<pooprqJ+spqruoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<ovtprtJ+rttxvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[<S W[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppowtoJ+pspqptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovtprtJ+rttxvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owtpspJ+wqwptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ

8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ppowtoJ+pspqpt SI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtpspJ+wqwptSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[; „J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<porsrxJ+pqsusvtSI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppowtoJ+

pspqptSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovtprtJ+rttxvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owtpspJ+wqwptSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lourxpr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowtpou„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpposos„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH „OL^9[opqppo„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orrtpo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotrroq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovpqox

„Mj[(Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owsppx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpopqsr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpptwop„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoqto„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxro„Mj[( Q[\S84

M[\ď148


qpP[JwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSqqP[J>[ŃxMijL[PQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pr.;ƆuvvO[+T[bJUqxX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqqX[7Ltxx…QcHxT[+OL.W[QqpP[ȢwU[7j[Ttv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvopO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<owtqtxJ+wrpro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoqwox pr 

<oupvtoJ+rqrrvt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ouqwptJ+qqwrqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;

„@[T[9wtsptx px qMJ

tvsvst„Mj[I[+L[H„WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;S[\Hopoosuġorprtr

O^Ksprrort pp pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuorġporvrt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpwtrġ

Ƕ¾rxqtx w qMJ

osssstġouqpqq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptspqġoppvqs„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrsq(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ouqwptJ+qqwrqt„Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LíÊQ_T[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoqsru pr (

owtqtxJ+wrpro„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<ovspqoJ+rtrqqqt

„OT]spxrtpq pp qMJ

Ñ]\H\Oj[L<ovrwsxJ+tqut„Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ɛ[L\Oj[L<osrttuJ+

QþTpootuq qr rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotqwqrġovppqv„Mj[-X[ġporvrtġoppqpp

Ǐdzuvtsqw pt pMJ

poorpt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorowovġosssst„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqqppstw v pMJ S[ȉspstqs pp pMJ

„9H^popstqs qs rMJ QþTO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[@ʼnQ[J[L<oupwosJ+rqspqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<

oupwosJ+rqspqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owtqtqJ+wrppqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<

oupwosJ+rqspqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ouqwox J+qqwpvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtqtqJ+wrppqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqwoxJ+qqwpvtSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovrxosJ+tqusqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owtqtqJ+wrppqtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\ĭbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ouqwoxJ+ qqwpvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lourtpv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowsvpq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lppooow„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

„OL^9[oppvps„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orrpps„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotqxov„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovowpr„Mj[( Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owrvqr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpoowsv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpptsot„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optwtt„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osptrs„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď149


qqP[JwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;poMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ps.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUroX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqrX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpoT[+OL.W[QqqP[ȢxU[7j[Ttv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ouqxquJ+qrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqupt ps 

Q[J[L<osrwttJ+qvttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osoptoJ+tuqpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpxtxsx qo qMJ

oprotxJ+tosptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotqwtoÄĄ

O^Ksptpqrp pp pMJ

oqtssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrvsoÄĄouqorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsxqxÄĄ

ǜžrxtvqq w qMJ

posvqoÄĄpprpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortwrsÄĄotqvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spsswtr pp pMJ

owrrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowspsuÄĄpopwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqtu(

59[JU]\Oj[L<osoptoJ+tuqpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppovso ps (

ouqxquJ+qrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otptrvJ+qxqutvt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqorrqs pp rMJ

.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<osrustJ+tvsxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<

QĂžTpoosutq qr rMJ

ovppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoworppÄĄporvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppptqÄĄ

Ç?Çłuwtqw pt pMJ

oxpwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpsouÄĄortwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Lqqpqopx v pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoworppÄĄowtsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsxqxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsswtr qs rMJ

popwpsÄĄpptssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxovpwÄĄpororxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QÞTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<osrwsvJ+qvtstqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oprpprJ+tostoSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oprppr J+tostoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spr suvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osrwsvJ+qvtstqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqo

qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ouqxpwJ+qrppoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osrwsvJ+qvtstqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<osrwsvJ+qvtstqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L <osopsrJ+tuqptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqxpwJ+qrppoSI[+L[H

1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osopsrJ+tuqptSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouqxpwJ+qrppoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osrwsvJ+qvtstqtS

I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osopsrJ+tuqptS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovospvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoostpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?150


qrP[JwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pqMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pt.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUrpX[7LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqsX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpqT[+OL.W[QqrP[ȢpoU[7j[T tv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]O[QL@jÄź]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<osoqtxJ+tuqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqqupw pt 

\Oj[LoxsuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtxpu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxrrJ+qrqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xspxsw qp rMJ

sqqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsuouÄĄoppprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksputtpp pp qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqqxstÄĄortwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqorxÄĄovpqop

ǜžrporouo w rMJ

orovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqxpvÄĄovotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spsstsq pp pMJ

ososqtÄĄotqvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqpo(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<oprvpqJ+topwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqxpv

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptsrw pt (

J+qrsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osoqtxJ+tuqspt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqprprw pp rMJ

oprvpqJ+topwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLS[\H<poqvovJ+

QĂžTpoorwqt qr rMJ

O[bS[S[\HowrrqrÄĄposvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuovÄĄopstpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłuwpurr pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupxstÄĄovospvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprosxÄĄ

U\Lqqpqtrt v pMJ

ossrquÄĄoupxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupxstÄĄovsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsstsq qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtxoxJ+qrsssoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqtxoxJ+qrsssoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtxoxJ+qrsssoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqtxoxJ+qrsssoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oprvqvJ+topxpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oprvqvJ+topxpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxqvJ+qrqoqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtxoxJ+qrsssoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oprvqvJ+topxpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovooqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpooottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppsuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?151


qsP[JwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSqtP[J>[ŃprMijL[PQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pu.;ƆuvvO[+T[bJUpP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTqtX[7Ltxx…QcHprT[+OL.W[QqsP[ȢppU[7j[Ttv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<pppxoqJ+ssrrpt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[opqwos pu 

9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<pqqvquJ+pvqspt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

rsttqvt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLouqpooġoxsuov„Mj[

„@[T[9xpwrwqt qq rMJ

ouqpoo„Mj[-X[ġoppppsġoqoqrp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovorrrġ

O^Kspwrwrq pp qMJ

osruqpġotqvrw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horpsroġortxow„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rppuo w rMJ

oproqw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoppvqoġoqspop„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpqq(

>H^SJU]LíÊØOG[„O\LSMS<opqrrvJ+pxsssqt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsuqr pu (

pppxoqJ+ssrrpt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;-\H;ĚQ[J[L<ovqvttJ+

„OT]sqqqxts pp rMJ

O[bS[S[\Hovswppġoxpvqu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLotqxssġ

QþTpoorosr qr rMJ

ovswpp„Mj[-X[ġpqpttwġorpsro„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzuwqvsq pt pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopwpoġpptspx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptspxġ

U\Lqqprosv v pMJ

S[ȉspssqrq pp pMJ

„9H^popssqrq qs rMJ QþTO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<opqrqwJ+pxssqoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<poprqtJ+ppswvtSI[+L[H9^Ŧ

S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<poprqtJ+

ppswvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[

„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<opqrqwJ+pxssqoSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt

pupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<opqrqwJ+pxssqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<pppxpvJ+ssrrtqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„O/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pppxpvJ+ssrrtqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L< pqqvsoJ+pvqstoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„O\LSMS<opqrqwJ+pxssqoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<pppxpvJ+ssrrtqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Louqrro„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowrtqr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lposwqp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

„OL^9[opotqv„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orpxqt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotpvpx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Loutuqt„Mj[( Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owqtrt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxtutx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hppsqpv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsvov„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osorsv„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď152


qtP[JwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;psMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pv.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUqP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTquX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpsT[+OL.W[QqtP[ȢpqU[7j[Ttv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwtoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxpqoqJ+rxpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrort pv 

9SG;S\Oj[L<popsqoJ+pptoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxpqoq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<osrurxJ+qvsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqtqx qr rMJ

ovoqsvÄĄoxputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprpouÄĄoqqxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksqoqqro pp rMJ

orssqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstptÄĄoqqxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžrppsqqo w rMJ

9[TS[\HpoqxruÄĄpptrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqors(

M_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ppturrJ+puttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opsrpp pv (

J+rxpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owprssJ+usvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]sqrqwpq pp sMJ

otropoÄĄovpqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvqoÄĄoppottÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTpooqrsu qr rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorssqxÄĄotqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtrpwÄĄ

Ç?Çłuwrwtu pt pMJ

orououÄĄossqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovouoxÄĄowsqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqprttr v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spsrxqp pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsrxqp qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pptuswJ+puurtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<posqrxJ+provtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V

\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pptuswJ+puurtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< posqrxJ+provtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pptuswJ+puurtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q -9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

oxppttJ+rxpsqqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<posqrx J+provtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxppttJ+

rxpsqqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<popspqJ+pptotSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pptuswJ+puurtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxppttJ+rxpsqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posqrxJ+provtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoupxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpossqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotprqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoutqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?153


quP[JwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ptMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pw.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUrP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTqvX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHptT[+OL.W[QquP[ȢprU[7j[Ttv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]QÄ°[;OH@jÄź]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxpvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovqorqJ+rsrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorrqpu pw 

M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oxsvsuJ+posptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rsrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ourprrJ+qrppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poputvst qs sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowortuÄĄporvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopporsÄĄoqtqsv

O^Ksqqvo pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpuquÄĄpprotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstpuÄĄorpstq

ǜžrpqpxtt w rMJ

opooqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovouquÄĄowsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxst(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<posrrrJ+prqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqssqr pw (

\Oj[L<owpsrpJ+usxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovqorqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sqsqurr pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optvrtJ+qpvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

QĂžTpoopvru qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrtrÄĄotquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupvprÄĄovoqop

Ç?Çłuwtops pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopporsÄĄoqopspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqptrxÄĄ

U\Lqqpsots v pMJ

opqxssÄĄorotrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovspprÄĄoxotpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spsrupo pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsrupo qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<posrqvJ+prqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ourpqvJ+qrpqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxsvrxJ+ posprqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovqoqrJ+rsrsqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourpqvJ+qrpqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posrqvJ+prqvtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpv

pwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxsvrxJ+posprqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsvrxJ+posprqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<posrqvJ+prqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<

ovqoqrJ+rsrsqvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owpsqrJ+usxqvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posrqvJ+prqvt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqoqrJ+rsrsqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxsvrxJ+posprqtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotoxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouswrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orttttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?154


qvP[JwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;puMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]px.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUsP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTqwX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpuT[+OL.W[QqvP[ȢpsU[7j[Ttv \X@S]MjT[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;X\QT \MH`MĂ­  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxssO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<otswsvJ+rossqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrppv px 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oxptosJ+xqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO[TO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rossqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otppqqJ+txpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppotqqq qt sMJ

oxqvsoJ+xtprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrpoqÄĄ

O^Ksqrtptx pp sMJ

otqtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoppsÄĄoxptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstpuÄĄ

ǜžrpqtwss w rMJ

oxptttÄĄpostsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwppÄĄpqpxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spsrqtx pp pMJ

opqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsqqqÄĄpopwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwtt(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oxswpqJ+posqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orswqs px (

<ourptxJ+qrqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otswsvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sqtqstt pp sMJ

;SÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<pprrsoJ+pturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

QĂžTpoopqpq qr rMJ

ovprotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsuowÄĄppqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrpvÄĄ

Ç?Çłuxprv pt pMJ

otqxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqopptÄĄorsrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lqqpstto v pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpostsqÄĄpprortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrspÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsrqtx qs rMJ

oqspqrÄĄosotrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QÞTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxswotJ+posqrvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS

JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxpstvJ+xpxsvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourqprJ+qrqtvtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxswotJ+posqrvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxpstv

J+xpxsvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxswotJ+posqrvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<oxpstvJ+xpxsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxswotJ+posqrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L< otswsoJ+rosstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otswsoJ+rosstSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourqprJ+qrqtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxswot J+posqrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<

otswsoJ+rosstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ \Oj[L<oxpstvJ+xpxsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouppsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH \Oj[LpqtrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LototroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Loussrw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxstpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?155


qwP[JwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSqxP[J>[ŃpvMijL[PQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qo.;ƆuvvO[+T[bJUtP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTqxX[7Ltxx…QcHpvT[+OL.W[QqwP[ȢptU[7j[Ttv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotropoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ Q[J[L<ossppoJ+qvttqo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqupt qo 

\Oj[L<oxowpwJ+xqt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ospvosJ+tutruo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;;Ě

„@[T[9pppsrrss qu sMJ

tqxsqt„Mj[I[+L[HǝO-Q`HbR[;S[\Hopoopvġorptps

O^Ksqtrvqq pp sMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuowġporvos„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxptqrġ

Ƕ¾rprrwsq w sMJ

osrxtwġouptqw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptqsxġoppvox„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwos(

H`H]j[LíÊ1ġSP[ÍMJ\Oj[L<oxptowJ+xqopt„Mj[I[+L[H„SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ostrpo qo (

otppsvJ+txpptqt„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ossppoJ+qvttqo

„OT]squqrqo pp sMJ

\Oj[L<oxqvssJ+xtpst„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ\Oj[L<ovsrqpJ+

QþTpoovrv qr rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotrpqwġovprqo„Mj[-X[ġporvosġopoxtq

Ǐdzuxprt pt pMJ

poooqq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorosqwġosrxtw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqqptosp v pMJ

S[ȉspsqxsw pp pMJ

„9H^popsqxsw qs rMJ QþTO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<oxptqrJ+xqotqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<oxowpoJ+xpstSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­ „JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxptqrJ+xqotqtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqv

LíÊH\Oj[L<oxptqrJ+xqotqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oxowpoJ+

xpstSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ „L/\Oj[L<oxptqrJ+xqotqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ossposJ+qvtttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

oxowpoJ+xpstSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ossposJ+qvtttS

I[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ossposJ+qvtttSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M^S[

@^L[9:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxptqrJ+xqotqtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9 L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ossposJ+qvtttSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxowpoJ+

xpstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Louovst„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowpxrx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lporqrv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqsxsq„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[ororsq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotoprs„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lousosq„Mj[( Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owoxtp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxsppv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hppqurt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprpqr„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswor„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď156


qxP[JwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pwMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUuP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTroX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpwT[+OL.W[QqxP[ȢpuU[7j[Ttv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotroruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<osoortJ+qupqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupurx qp 

\Oj[L<oxroqoJ+xtutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ortptuJ+tttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqwopr qv sMJ

qsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrptsÄĄovprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqvqrw pq pMJ

-X[ÄĄosrqtrÄĄoupsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovssrxÄĄoxpsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrpspxsx w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoootÄĄotropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowosquÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spsqurw pp pMJ

owsqrsÄĄpopvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvtsÄĄpptrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvpr(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<oxowqqJ+xqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottuts qp (

ospvroJ+tutttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<osoortJ+qupqsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqvqpsv pq pMJ

\Oj[L<ovsrqtJ+tqxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<ouqpspJ+

QĂžTpoorsx qr rMJ

-X[ÄĄowosquÄĄporutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxroÄĄoqtppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłuxqsru pt pMJ

-X[ÄĄorptorÄĄosoootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposssxÄĄppqxtp

U\Lqqpttqu v pMJ

owttpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovssrxÄĄowqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popsqurw qs rMJ

9[TS[\HoxorqwÄĄpoqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QÞTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxowpsJ+xpttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxrortJ+xtusqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsrpvJ+tqxrqt SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxowpsJ+xpttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxowpsJ+xpttSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oxrortJ+xtusqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L <oxowpsJ+xpttSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrortJ+xtusqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osooswJ+quprqoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovsrpvJ+tqxrqtSI[+L[H

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxowpsJ+xpttSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osooswJ+quprqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oxrortJ+xtusqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqstswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owotttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orssovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?157


roP[JwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pxMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUvP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTrpX[7LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpxT[+OL.W[QroP[ȢpvU[7j[Ttv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpoqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortorsJ+qtsusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovoqsv qq 

PSG]9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortorsJ+qtsusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ouqpstJ+qsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<otqstqJ+txspqqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opppotx p sMJ

owqxosÄĄpossqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpssqÄĄopsstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqxxpp pq pMJ

9^\T9S[\HouprspÄĄoutwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwpoÄĄ

ǜžrptpuo w sMJ

osrwroÄĄouprspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouprspÄĄovrwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuqp(

I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<oxroqrJ+xtupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loutwrt qr (

\Oj[L<ortvqsJ+tuqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]sqwqopu pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsuouÄĄopoxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTpoootp qr rMJ

oqrootÄĄosooqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqrotÄĄovprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłuxrupq pt pMJ

ororqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrqpxÄĄovovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lqqqou v pMJ

osottxÄĄotroruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spsqrqv pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsqrqv qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxropuJ+xttttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<poqqtpJ+pquqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupw

qoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxropuJ+xttttSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< poqqtpJ+pquqoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<oxropuJ+xttttSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poqqtpJ+

pquqoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortoqvJ+qtsuqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqprwJ+qsqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxropuJ+xttttSI[+L[H

XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortoqvJ+qtsuqqtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowppswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?158


rpP[JwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qoMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qr.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUwP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTpP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqoT[+OL.W[QrpP[ȢpwU[7j[Ttv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]\OÇ&#x2C6;9Q­[M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpqwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<osppqxJ+qurvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovstqx qr 

Â&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osppqxJ+qurvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osrspoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<ostqppJ+twpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqsur q sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrqstÄĄouqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowstÄĄoptxqu

O^Ktottqx pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrpquÄĄotqqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorptqrÄĄ

ǜžrptstps w sMJ

pptqstÄĄopqvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppuspÄĄoqspqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptqw(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<poqqsoJ+pqttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtvtp qs (

tvrrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<otqsrtJ+txsoso

Â&#x201E;OT]sqxpwsv pq pMJ

\JLouqrqtÄĄoxsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsrpqÄĄoxprrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTxqxtwsq qr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvtxÄĄovsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsrpÄĄorptqr

Ç?Çłuxsvtp pt pMJ

osooruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvstÄĄpptqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqqssp v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spsqopu pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsqopu qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<poqqrrJ+pqtrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<osrsorJ+tvrrptSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osrsor J+tvrrptSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqqrrJ+pqtrtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poqqrrJ+ pqtrtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poqqrrJ+

pqtrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osppqrJ+qurvsoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<poqqrrJ+pqtrtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<osppqrJ+qurvsoSI[+L[HXO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LossxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?159


p.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qpMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qs.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUxP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTqP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqpT[+OL.W[Qp.\XȤpxU[7j[T tv\X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpP[JwsQ[\S uvvwqr T[Q^/\W+ J+sqpvqt <qqquSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrptsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<otorqsJ+qwsurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqtsu qs 

J+ptrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG;S\Oj[L<osrrrpJ+tvrptt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

otsoqxJ+opwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<ostprpJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pusupt r sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrpoÄĄovpspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowttqxÄĄppqvpr

O^Ktqsptx pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxrqÄĄorsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsstuÄĄ

ǜžrpuqxqw w sMJ

ovowooÄĄowsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqusqÄĄpptprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsrt(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<ppsssv

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowtstr qt (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otorqsJ+qwsurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]topvqp pq qMJ

twputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<ossqpoJ+tvtqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

QĂžTxqxtvqp qr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvsuÄĄppqxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqropsÄĄorptrr

Ç?Çłuxtxrt pt pMJ

oqropsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroqppÄĄosrvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqqxpo v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spspvt pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popspvt qs rMJ QĂžTO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ppsssoJ+ptqxsvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppsssoJ+ptqxsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsssoJ+

ptqxsvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppsssoJ+ptqxsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otorpvJ+qwsuqoS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otorpvJ+qwsuqoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ppsssoJ+ptqxsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<

otorpvJ+qwsuqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowortvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LossttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?160


q.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qqMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qt.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUpoP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTrP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqqT[+OL.W[Qq.\XȤqo U[7j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ouqropJ+rqsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxossp qt 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otrxqwJ+optstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouqropJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<osspoxJ+tvsxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppxprpq s rMJ

ouqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpsrsÄĄppqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvovÄĄ

O^Ktsqwru pq rMJ

orptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossuroÄĄotrptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžrpvpsso x pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpsouÄĄpqtxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovowptÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spsprts pp pMJ

ovruoqÄĄoxoppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprsp(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprtooJ+qosrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxtoou qu (

rqsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovpqsqJ+svsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tppttv pq qMJ

ostprsJ+twpstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrrtÄĄ

QĂžTxqxtutp qr qMJ

oxpqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtvttÄĄpqpsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsstsÄĄ

Ç?Çłupoppqr pt qMJ

oupottÄĄowqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovtxÄĄoptwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqqprrr v pMJ

owsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopquttÄĄoroprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popsprts qs rMJ

QÞTO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<owqqqxJ+ vrpvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprstsJ+qosqoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ostpswJ+twptrqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrxsqJ+opuqoS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ostpswJ+twptrqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprstsJ+qosqoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprstsJ+qosqoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V Q[J[L<ouqrpuJ+rqtptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouqrpuJ+rqtptSI[+L[H

L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< otrxsqJ+opuqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprstsJ+qosqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouqrpuJ+rqtpt SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotswovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpopqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqroosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqssoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosspttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqporÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppouttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?161


r.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qrMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qu.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUppP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTsP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqrT[+OL.W[Qr.\XȤqp U[7j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotsoJ+ruqopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxsrpt qu 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovpppxJ+ssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotso

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ostotsJ+twprpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpqxpp t rMJ

ouqsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpsswÄĄowotpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuqsÄĄ

O^Ktuptqo pq rMJ

orpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqsqsÄĄovpsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžrpwosv x pMJ

9^\T9S[\HposqttÄĄppqwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptptxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spsposs pp pMJ

oqspssÄĄosovoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqsu(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswpvJ+qtrustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lposrtr qv (

J+ruqopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxortxJ+wsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tqpsrt pq qMJ

\Oj[L<otputoJ+txpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotrsooÄĄ

QĂžTxqxtvx qr qMJ

opovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttqwÄĄovsotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpptuÄĄ

Ç?Çłupoqrps pt qMJ

optvtxÄĄosqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqusvÄĄpqpvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqqpvtp v pMJ

opquqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrooÄĄpopvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popsposs qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswpoJ+qtruqvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpprrJ+ssttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswpoJ+ qtruqvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswpoJ+

qtruqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owotttJ+ruqotoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovpprrJ+ssttSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[; M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LS

MS<orswpoJ+qtruqvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotttJ+ruqotoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ 

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpooxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqquowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovsuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppoqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?162


s.\LjLwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSt.\LjL>[ŃqsMijL[PQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qv.;ƆuvvO[+T[bJUpqP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTtP[Jtxx…QcHqsT[+OL.W[Qs.\XȤqqU[7j[Ttv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ S[\H<poorsxJ+sppsrqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqqpw qv 

…H\HT\Oj[L<oxoqtwJ+wsqqt„Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<poorsxJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

txpsrqt„Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<ottosrJ+osost„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9qprrvr u rMJ

orrwov„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtsrvġoxtutu„Mj[-X[ġpqprspġ

O^Ktwqt pq sMJ

oxsttvġporupu„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxppqpġoxtutu„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rpwsvsw x pMJ

ouoxoq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptotrġoppuqp„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupptp(

JUQ]LíÊ.Í­[Q[J[L<oupvqqJ+rpswqt„Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpprurt qw (

sppsrqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<otptsxJ+

„OT]trprpt pq qMJ

M\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotrsqtġovptoq„Mj[-X[ġoptvroġ

QþTxqxtwpv qr qMJ

orpuoo„Mj[-X[ġosoprtġotrqst„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzuportx pt qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorooqrġosrssq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrssqġ

U\Lqqqqqr v pMJ

S[ȉspsvrr pp pMJ

„9H^popsvrr qs rMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<oupvptJ+rpswvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V

H^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxoqtoJ+wsqtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHQ[J[L<oupvptJ+

rpswvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<oupvptJ+rpswvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚQ[J[L<oupvptJ+rpswvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poosoq J+sppttSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxoqtoJ+wsqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ Q[J[L<oupvptJ+rpswvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<poosoqJ+sppttSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lotsopt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovtqox„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpootou„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqqqpq„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[oqrupq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Losrsor„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Louprpo„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovsqqo„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxprss„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpotxor„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oportr„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqorq„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď163


t.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUprP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTuP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqtT[+OL.W[Qt.\XȤqrU[7j[Ttv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrrtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ooowquJ+suqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppoqrv qw 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ppotqtJ+prsvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

orwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<ouqvroJ+qppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqtsos v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpursÄĄorrvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqvrxÄĄouowot

O^Ktxswsx pq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosopsxÄĄotrrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowotqxÄĄ

ǜžrpxrtsp x pMJ

owsrowÄĄpopvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvpwÄĄpptpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupott(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtsopJ+rwpwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqwpx qx (

ooowquJ+suqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<otsxspJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tspptv pq rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrstoÄĄouqtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptpuÄĄoxsttt

QĂžTpooopr qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrstÄĄoxtuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqwÄĄorpuox

Ç?Çłuposvw pt qMJ

owttsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrxquÄĄowqtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqqqqux v pMJ

9[TS[\HowtxqpÄĄpoqstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spssqq pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popssqq qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrtsJ+rwpwsqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsxrsJ+orvtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrtsJ+rwpwsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrtsJ+rwpwsqtSI[+L[Hprtv xpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrtsJ+rwpwsqtS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrtsJ+rwpwsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ooowpwJ+suqrsoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otsxrsJ+orvtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrtsJ+rwpwsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ooowpwJ+suqrsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotrupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovswpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoopppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosroowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouoxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxoxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpottovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H pqtxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?164


u.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;quMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUpsP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTvP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHquT[+OL.W[Qu.\XȤqsU[7j[Ttv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]/\Ĺ S[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oqoxqtJ+tpqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppsssv qx 

9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxpxJ+pwtupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<outxprJ+rqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rvspsq w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpupsÄĄorrustÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqutqÄĄouovov

O^Ktpprtro pr pMJ

orpupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqtqqÄĄovptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžrqoqsqr x qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotrtpsÄĄovoxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrrowÄĄouovov

S[Č&#x2030;spsppp pp pMJ

otrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxtx(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[S[\H<ppqwowJ+sssrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxop ro (

oqoxqtJ+tpqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<ouquqx

Â&#x201E;OT]ttposq pq rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtpsÄĄouqtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptqxÄĄoxsttq

QĂžTpooqtw qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtxooÄĄoqrorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrorqÄĄ

Ç?Çłupotxpo pt qMJ

ouovovÄĄoutqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtpoÄĄoqtxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqqropo v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouovovÄĄovrqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosovsvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsppp qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<ppqwqrJ+sssrtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ouquqpJ+qwsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppqwqrJ+sssrtqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqoxpwJ+tpqtpo SI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqoxpwJ+tpqtpoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouquqpJ+qwsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<ppqwqrJ+sssrtqtSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqoxpwJ+tpqtpoS I[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oqqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouotpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHS[\HoxottqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orpqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?165


v.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ro.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUptP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTwP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqvT[+OL.W[Qv.\XȤqtU[7j[Ttv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsqtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ortvqxJ+tttsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqxpq ro 

-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<optpovJ+torwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tttsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<outwrrJ+rqwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpxstrq x pMJ

ouqtspÄĄowttsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptttÄĄorruorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ktprqqs pr qMJ

oqrorsÄĄotrsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosquotÄĄotpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqpprtr x qMJ

osoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvotÄĄpptotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxoq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrtrx\Oj[LoxstsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqowqu rp (

MS<orostsJ+qrsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ortvqxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tuxqx pq rMJ

I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<ovqopoJ+sqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTpoourq qr rMJ

owqrsrÄĄoxttquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprooÄĄopsssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłupppppu pt qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosquotÄĄotpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpuquÄĄ

U\Lqqqrst v pMJ

pptotsÄĄopqssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppuorÄĄoqsqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sprtwo pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprtwo qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<optpooJ+torwqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S 9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<outwqvJ+rqwqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<optpooJ+torwqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<optpooJ+torwqqtSI[+L[Hqrt vxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<optpooJ+torwqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ortvqqJ+tttspvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ortvqqJ+ tttspvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outwqvJ+rqwqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<optpooJ+torwqqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortvqqJ+tttspvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqpoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouopqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovrorq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxoptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orowstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?166


w.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rp.;Ć&#x2020;uvvO[+T[bJUpuP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTxP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqwT[+OL.W[Qw.\XȤqu U[7j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrstoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<otqsrxJ+txrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oppuoo

9SG;SQ[J[L<ossrruJ+qvsxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

spxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<ovqspoJ+sropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sptto po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqroqÄĄppqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrorvÄĄorpurs

O^Ktptwqw pr qMJ

oqrorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqtvtsÄĄosrprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louowot(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<ortrtuJ+ttsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

rp O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtupt p (

otqsrxJ+txrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<ovpxqxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tvwpw pq sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotruorÄĄovpttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowttsxÄĄppqtrx

QĂžTpoopotr qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqstqtÄĄorrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsssoÄĄ

Ç?Çłuppqrqt pt qMJ

ovoxsqÄĄowsrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqrrwÄĄppsxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqqsx x qMJ

U\Lqqqrvtr v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sprtsto pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprtsto qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ortsoxJ+ttstptSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpxqpJ+spxptSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ortsoxJ+ttstptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ortsoxJ+ttstptSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqsrpJ+txrppoS

I[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovpxqpJ+spxptSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< ortsoxJ+ttstptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<otqsrpJ+txrppoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovruqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqouqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovquru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqswowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orossxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?167


x.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUpvP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTpoP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqxT[+OL.W[Qx.\XȤqv U[7j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtpsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<otqrrvJ+txqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqotos

\Oj[L<otrprpJ+txsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<ouqtpoJ+qpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spsprpv pp pMJ

rsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotruqvÄĄouqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktputsrw pr rMJ

oxtsqsÄĄpqpqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssrvÄĄorpusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrqqttx x qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopotouÄĄoptstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqrqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sprtprx pp pMJ

opqrswÄĄoqtvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrorqÄĄowtutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovov(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ouqtpoJ+qpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorsqpp q (

otqrrvJ+txqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ottwpoJ+rottpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]twvpo pq sMJ

W[K½\Oj[L<ovqrroJ+sqwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<ovovpvJ+

QĂžTpoopuq qr rMJ

ovpuoxÄĄppqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqqpxÄĄoxowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłupprtrv pt qMJ

osswsvÄĄotrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HouospqÄĄowqqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqqspru v pMJ

pqtwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoxttÄĄowsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poprtprx qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otrpsvJ+txswqoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqrqrJ+sqwqoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrpsvJ+txswqoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrpsvJ+txswqoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< otrpsvJ+txswqoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L< ouqtorJ+qproSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovqrqrJ+sqwqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otrpsvJ+txswqoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouqtorJ+qproSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqoqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqqso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqsspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orootrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?168


po.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUpwP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTppP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqxT[+OL.W[Qpo.\XȤqw U[7j[Ttv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ouqsroJ+qovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqtuoq

<otrppqJ+txsutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ourxtxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<ousrttJ+rqswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9squsrv pq pMJ

rsupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<ouqvopJ+qtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ

O^Ktpwsorr pr rMJ

owouowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportqsÄĄopossoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousxqpÄĄ

ǜžrqrsutq x rMJ

ouqurvÄĄovpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoptsquÄĄosqrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sprswqw pp pMJ

ppquoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptooqÄĄopqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lououox(

I[\>\Oj[L<outtqwJ+rpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losquos r (

qrvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<ouqsroJ+qovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]txus pq sMJ

outtqwJ+rpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<ovoutwJ+

QĂžTpooqptw qr rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrutqÄĄouqurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpuqqÄĄ

Ç?Çłuppsvtr pt qMJ

ovrtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxovstÄĄorputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

U\Lqqqstpr v pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqtoxÄĄpqpsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposoopÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprswqw qs rMJ

owsrqvÄĄpopussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsqpsÄĄosowssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ousrswJ+rqswqqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ousoprJ+qrwqqtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ouqsqrJ+ptxtoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<

ousrswJ+rqswqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outtqo J+rpupoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqst vxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousoprJ+qrwqqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqp

qrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ousoprJ+qrwqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<outtqoJ+rpupoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ousoprJ+qrwqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouqsqrJ+ptxtoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<outtqoJ+

rpupoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouqsqrJ+ptxtoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ousoprJ+qrwqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outtqoJ+rpupoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovpwst

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HportqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqsopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?169


pp.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;roMÄłL[PQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUpxP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTpqP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHroT[+OL.W[Qpp.\XȤqx U[7j[Ttv\X@S]QX[Tj[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;T\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<outtoxJ+rptsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orswqw

\Oj[L<ourxsoJ+qrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<ovpwpoJ+spqpt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\9ǢÜQ[J[L<outwssJ+rrqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<outsqtJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9txqurw pq sMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<otqqptJ+txqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Ktqoqux pr sMJ

ouswqvÄĄoxtrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqorÄĄorputwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrqsrxpv x rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxovowÄĄoxtrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqtttxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sprstpv pp pMJ

ppswtuÄĄopptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotpp(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<outsqtJ+rpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotovtw s (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGL[;\Oj[L<outtoxJ+rptsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tpoto pr pMJ

rpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<ouqusqJ+qsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpooqwsp qr rMJ

otrvpuÄĄovpurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptrtsÄĄorrrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłupqopq pt qMJ

osorppÄĄotrtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstrtÄĄportptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqqswsr v pMJ

osqxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosqxouÄĄouoqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poprstpv qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ourxtsJ+qrvrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovpworJ+spptvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqursJ+qsptS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ourxtsJ+qrvrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ovpworJ+spptvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<ourxtsJ+qrvrtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<outtopJ+rptqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outspwJ+rpqrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpworJ+spptvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourxtsJ+qrvrtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<outspwJ+rpqrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<outtopJ+ rptqqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outspwJ+rpqrtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqursJ+qsptSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourxtsJ+qrvrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outtopJ+rptqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<outspwJ+rpqrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovpwor J+spptvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?170


TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotstrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovpssx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqruqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

pq.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUqoP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTprP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpq.\XȤroU[7j[Ttv \X@S]Â&#x201E;QS[Q[X[SMjT[\JL

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<outsqwJ+rpquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossptt

<ovpvtpJ+sppqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<ovquoxJ+srppqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<ousqrsJ+rqsrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqroxJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqqqtpv pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ortrooJ+ttrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

O^Ktqqppqr pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpspsÄĄorrqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqqotÄĄouoppr

ǜžrqtrqqo x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosorqsÄĄotruorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowouqrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sprsqu pp pMJ

owsrrrÄĄpopuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopuroÄĄppsxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louospq(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<ouqroxJ+ptrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotswpp t (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGOO\Oj[L<outsqwJ+rpquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]tpprtx pr pMJ

ptrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<otqptuJ+txqpso

QĂžTpoorux qr rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvsoÄĄouqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpuswÄĄoxstrp

Ç?Çłupqpqrs pt qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousvrqÄĄoxtqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppswÄĄorpvot

U\Lqqqtqv v pMJ

owtttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrrtqÄĄowqoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poprsqu qs rMJ

9[TS[\HowtstuÄĄpoqpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?171


@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<ovpwouJ+spqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ortrptJ+ttrwtvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍ OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

ovquopJ+srotqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\L

O[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`V S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ortrptJ+ttrwtvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[

„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ovpwouJ+spqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ovquopJ+srotqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<outsqpJ+

rpqsqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpwouJ+spqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

ouqropJ+ptrqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovquop

J+srotqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ

\Oj[L<outsqpJ+rpqsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outsqpJ+rpqsqtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqropJ+ptrqqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V 8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<outsqp

J+rpqsqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovpwouJ+spqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ouqropJ+ptrqqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovqosp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxrrrx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpptoss„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[oqossr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Losoqrv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotspsr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovpotr

„Mj[(„QVS[\UH„WŁ[owsqpv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpoqvru„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqrqqu„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxos„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otostp„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď172


pr.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUqpP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTpsP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpr.\XȤp\ĆľT9Jtv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrutqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ouqrppJ+ptrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otruov

<ovqurqJ+srqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ovoussJ+rspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ottutsJ+roswtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otqrsvJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9utrxsr ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwosÄĄouqvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktqrtupp ps pMJ

osqppuÄĄouooprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtvtwÄĄoqroswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrququr x rMJ

ovpvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouooprÄĄousurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;sprrwtu pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄosqvqvÄĄouooprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouooprÄĄovqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louorpr(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<otqrsvJ+txqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L

t O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqvps u (

I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqrppJ+ptrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tpqqtx pr pMJ

txqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<oqopqvJ+totwqvt

QĂžTpoossqq qr rMJ

ovpvopÄĄoxstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprtrÄĄorrpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłupqqstw pt qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqroswÄĄorpvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqvrqÄĄ

U\Lqqqttqu v pMJ

opqpttÄĄoqtsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrwosÄĄovpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^poprrwtu qs rMJ

-X[ÄĄosoxquÄĄotruqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovquqtJ+srptqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovouruJ+rspqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <ovquqtJ+srptqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovouruJ+rspqoS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<ouqrqtJ+ptsqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovouruJ+rspqoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqrqtJ+ptsqqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqrsoJ+txqsS I[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<

ouqrqtJ+ptsqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<ovquqtJ+srptqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqrsoJ+txqsSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovouruJ+rspqoS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oqooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovoutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?173


ps.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;sJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUqqP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTptP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qps.\XȤq\ĆľT9Jtv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<otqspoJ+txqtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourotx v 

<ovovowJ+rsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[\Oj[L<ouqqtpJ+ptotvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Q[J[L<osssrtJ+qvsupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ortxprJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upxxss pt sMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouqvtpÄĄowtuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprrqÄĄ

O^Ktqtsoro ps pMJ

opsspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrosxÄĄotrutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžrqvqoqq x sMJ

9^\T9S[\HorpvqoÄĄosortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopuptÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sprrtst pp pMJ

opptpsÄĄoqsqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqpr(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ortxprJ+tttptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovotst v (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG;S\Oj[L<otqspoJ+txqtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tprqr pr pMJ

tttptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚS[\H<ppsxqqJ+stqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpootrpx qr rMJ

orrposÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpwssÄĄoxtpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpppvÄĄ

Ç?Çłupqrvqu pt qMJ

osqoqvÄĄotoxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqoqvÄĄotoxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqqtwrw v pMJ

ppswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswtoÄĄopqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poprrtst qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovovooJ+rsqqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ortxotJ+tttprqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

ouqqssJ+ptosoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<

ortxotJ+tttprqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvw

popqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovovooJ+rsqqoSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsqu

qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqqssJ+ptosoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< ovovooJ+rsqqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ortxotJ+tttprqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqqssJ+ptosoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \O ÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovovooJ+rsqqoSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ortxotJ+tttprqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovovooJ+rsqqoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortxotJ+tttprqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ouqqssJ+ptosoSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ optutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovoropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqspprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?174


pt.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;tJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUqrP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTpuP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHtÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpt.\XȤr\ĆľT9J tv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oqprsuJ+tpqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourotx v 

<otpwsxJ+txxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxpr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HS[\H<oxqoooJ+rxprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqtspx pu sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpwopÄĄppqsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrotpÄĄorpvqv

O^Ktqvqspu ps qMJ

oqrotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqtrqqÄĄosqtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louoppr(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<ouqrrvJ+ptqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovotst v (

J+qrsutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oqprsuJ+tpqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tpspw pr qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwtqÄĄovpvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtuopÄĄppqrtr

QĂžTpopro qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqspoqÄĄorroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsspsÄĄ

Ç?Çłupqsxtv pt qMJ

ovpppvÄĄowsrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqoqpÄĄppsvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqwptpu x sMJ U\Lqqrpsr v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sprrqrs pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprrqrs qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ouqrroJ+ptqrtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otpwspJ+txxrqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqrroJ+ptqrtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otpwspJ+ txxrqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqrroJ+ptqrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqprsoJ+tpqvSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpwspJ+txxrqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqrroJ+ptqrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqprsoJ+tpqvSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouqrroJ+ptqrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqprsoJ+tpqvSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otpwspJ+txxrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovowtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutxot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owroqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoptsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?175


pu.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;uJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUqsP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTpvP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHuÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpu.\XȤs\ĆľT9J tv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]J_;­[M^@[SÂ&#x201E;OTVĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ooppsuJ+suqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovqurw w 

<ortwrtJ+ttswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LQ[J[L<ourttrJ+rqqqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vputpsp pw pMJ

ppqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpvpvÄĄoxortxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtospÄĄ

O^Ktqxvqv ps qMJ

otrvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HottvppÄĄowpvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžrqxposu x sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovpproÄĄowsrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqoqwÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoopr(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<otpxrsJ+txppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovssru w (

opptowJ+pxosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ooppsuJ+suqppt

Â&#x201E;OT]tptopu pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxpuÄĄouqwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpvrxÄĄ

QĂžTpopprqt qr rMJ

pqposuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsspoÄĄorpvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostotwÄĄ

Ç?Çłuprqro pt qMJ

\JLopoqopÄĄoptpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqposuÄĄpqtvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqrssr v pMJ

oqtqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovqsstÄĄowtqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sprqxqr pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprqxqr qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ortwqwJ+ttswSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ppotqtJ+prrtqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ppotqtJ+prrtqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L

99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ortwqwJ+ttswSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oopprxJ+suqotvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ \LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oopprxJ+suqotvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptooJ+ pxoqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oopprxJ+suqotvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortwqwJ+ ttswSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovostvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotquooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louttox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?176


pv.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;vJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUqtP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTpwP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHvÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpv.\XȤt\ĆľT9J tv\X@S];HOX[\LOS

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<oxtvrqJ+sostsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqrpx x 

;S\Oj[L<ppoupwJ+prrvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxtvrqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsotwJ+qtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wotxqt px pMJ

-X[ÄĄporspuÄĄopoprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousqtvÄĄovqxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kuosxtw ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoptosoÄĄospvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrqqÄĄ

ǜžsousw po pMJ

ppsvttÄĄoppxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrsvÄĄpopttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottxpr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<oqqusxJ+tptvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqsrx x (

sostsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owsurvJ+vsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]tpttxqu pr qMJ

\JLotrxrxÄĄouqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpvtqÄĄowoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpopqsrp qr rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxorqoÄĄorpvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqwstÄĄovpvtq

Ç?Çłuprptu pt qMJ

pqpqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HporuttÄĄppqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqqrvrt v pMJ

9[TS[\HoqsqrtÄĄospoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sprqupq pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprqupq qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oqqvorJ+tptwroSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqqvorJ+tptwroSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxtvqsJ+sostqoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqqvorJ+tptwroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxtvqsJ+sostqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtvqsJ+sostqoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppoupoJ+prrvptSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtvqsJ+sostqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovopoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opstosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutpps

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoovtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osstppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?177


pw.\LjLwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSpx.\LjL>[ŃwJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]po„WbŋǃSuvvO[+T[bJUquP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTpxP[Jtxx…QcHw„QS[.W[Qpw.\XȤu \ƵT9Jtv\X@S]J_;­[ƆQ]QX[-ƆQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwtqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ Q[J[L<ovrtsrJ+rstopo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxqpqo po 

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<owsvssJ+vtopqt„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;„U[PL\Oj[L<pqrwtoJ+pvqvtvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9wptpsrr qo pMJ

otsoorġovpwos„Mj[-X[ġoptoovġorqwow„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kuqrpsu ps rMJ

ososspġotrwqw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstotġporsot„Mj[(

Ƕ¾sprqq po pMJ

osqrpt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosqrptġotttox„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lottwpq(

LOQ]LíÊM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<ooswtuJ+svtqpqt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxoutu po (

ovrtsrJ+rstopo„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouqropJ+psvqt„Mj[

„OT]tputwrw pr rMJ

-\H;Ě\Oj[L<oxrqooJ+xrxtqt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTpoprupx qr rMJ

ousqoqġoxsxrt„Mj[-X[ġpqpoptġorpvsw„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzuprqvss pt rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoxoqsqġoxsxrt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqtpqqġ

U\Lqqrpoqq v pMJ

ppsuswġoppssr„Mj[(

S[ȉsprqrq pp pMJ

„9H^poprqrq qs rMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<ooswsxJ+svtpttSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxrptsJ+xrxrvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U …OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrpts J+xrxrvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sp

rsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ooswsxJ+svtpttSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<ovrtruJ+rssxtqtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ooswsxJ+ svtpttSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ooswsxJ+ svtpttSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/ Q[J[L<ovrtruJ+rssxtqtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsvrvJ+vsxttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrtruJ+rssxtqtS

I[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

ooswsxJ+svtpttSI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ 

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loutvou„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxpoor„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lppqvox„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[opspow„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orrxoq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotpwow„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lousvpw

„Mj[(„QVS[\UH„WŁ[owpwsr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpoosop„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqowto„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqtqx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossppv„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď178


px.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;xJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUqvP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTqoP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpx.\XȤv\ĆľT9Jtv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otppoqJ+qwsvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoqosv pp 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ouqsowJ+ptopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ttsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oxrqsuJ+xspsvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqxrrsu qp pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotsoqvÄĄouqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwpuÄĄoxstoo

O^Kuspqsu ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouspouÄĄoxsxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtxÄĄorpvtt

ǜžsqoqw po pMJ

owtuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovqwotÄĄowptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;sprpxtp po sMJ

9[TS[\HowtopwÄĄpopwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottvpp(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[S[\H<ppowtsJ+srsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtqqr pp (

otppoqJ+qwsvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ortwqoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpvtvtr pr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<ouqttuJ+ptrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

QĂžTpopswsw qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppssÄĄorqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospupwÄĄottsov

Ç?Çłuprsoqt pt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosostsÄĄotrwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowovppÄĄ

U\Lqqrprq v pMJ

owsrtqÄĄpoptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoptrtÄĄppsvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poprpxtp qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxrrooJ+xsqqqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<ppowstJ+srspstSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrroo J+xsqqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq stvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppowstJ+srspstSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqp qrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otpotuJ+qwsvpqtSI[+L[H P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppowstJ+srspstS

I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppowstJ+srspstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otpotuJ+

qwsvpqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouqsopJ+psxttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otpotuJ+qwsvpqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H< ppowstJ+srspstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoutroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxouovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lousrqp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpooootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?179


qo.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;poJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUqwP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTqpP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpoÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqo.\XȤw\ĆľT9J tv\X@S]J_;­[M^@[T\QTÂ&#x201E;Jg.T[\LĂ&#x2DC;]S[Q>Ĺ&#x192;S\O@bj[¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswpoJ+qqsxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqpqw pq 

9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswpoJ+qqsxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<orqrswJ+tspvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xprtrrq qq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppqrÄĄorqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosptqwÄĄottrou

O^Kuttqtt ps sMJ

orpwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqxsoÄĄovpwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžsqtwr po pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotsotpÄĄovpqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqprsÄĄottrou

S[Č&#x2030;sprpuso po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottupo(

I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[S[\H<oxrpsrJ+rxrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpospsx pq (

oprwpxJ+sxtrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<ouqvorJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpwtvpo pr rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotsotpÄĄouqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwqxÄĄoxsstu

QĂžTpoqptu qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtuswÄĄoqrotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrotvÄĄ

Ç?Çłuprtrw pt rMJ

ottrouÄĄousopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoppwroÄĄoqtooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqrptrt v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HottrouÄĄovqpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospotxÄĄotrxpu

Â&#x201E;9H^poprpuso qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<oxrpruJ+rxrvtqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

oxrpruJ+rxrvtqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswoqJ+qqswtvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouqutuJ+ptupqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswoqJ+qqswtvtSI[+L[H

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxrpruJ+rxrvtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LousxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpppxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oprrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LourxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?180


qp.\LjLwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSqq.\LjL>[ŃppJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pr„WbŋǃSuvvO[+T[bJUqxP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTqqP[Jtxx…QcHpp„QS[.W[Qqp.\XȤx \ƵT9Jtv\X@S]„9Sb9S[H[=[\L QľX[LJ[bQ[JS[jLP\WH^T[j[+„T[Tj[WX(ÑJ]MbļÑRĄ[\QLbQ[-Lļ[j„OKbW((  Ø]M[U[ù^U[59[JU]Ø]S[QPSH\QTL\LjQSM[\T\LjQbWO[9[M9SM[\T-9S[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ \Oj[L<pqrpqsJ+pvuqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqqqrv pr 

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<pqrpqsJ+pvuqqt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppquru

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLouqxtwġowtuow„Mj[-X[ġ

„@[T[9xqwpoqo qr qMJ

pqoxqvġopsrsw„Mj[-X[ġoqrotwġotrxrx„Mj[(

O^Kuvrqv pt pMJ

otorqp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horpwowġosotpx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾srtuv po qMJ

9[TS[\Hoppspxġoqsqsu„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotttox(

ǚz[JU]LíÊK\LƊ[„Wń[<owoqqxJ+rttst„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpprtrx pr (

J+ssqsqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;U_T\Oj[L<ooqwtrJ+sutxt

„OT]tpxtuqx pr rMJ

pqppopġorqtts„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howprrtġoxsvtu„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTpoqptss qr rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLospsrvġotorqp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLospsrvġ

Ǐdzupsttr pt rMJ

poptpwġppsurx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsurxġoppwop„Mj[(

U\Lqqrpwq v pMJ

S[ȉsprprqx po sMJ

„9H^poprprqx qs qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<pqrprxJ+pvuuoSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9„Wń[<owoqqqJ+rttrsvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍ

OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S „QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqrprxJ+pvuuoS

I[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvx ppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH„Wń[<owoqqqJ+rttrsvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr

qtquLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ \Oj[L<pqrprxJ+pvuuoSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/„Wń[<owoqqqJ+rttrsvtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<poqtpuJ+pptoqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL  „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

pqrprxJ+pvuuoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqrprxJ+pvuuoSI[+L[HM_\H9[ :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqtpuJ+pptoqtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqrprxJ+pvuuoSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqtpuJ+pptoqtSI[+L[H L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loustpw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lowtwpu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lppptqp„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[ opqxqo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orqvpr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotouqo„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourtqx„Mj[(„QV S[\UH„WŁ[owoutt„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxtqpr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpptvop„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqprsq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxqx„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď181


qq.\LjLwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\ÊM^S[ŕrvvw9T½[ŕ„WgSqr.\LjL>[ŃpqJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[ŕvrs\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]ps„WbŋǃSuvvO[+T[bJUroP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTqrP[Jtxx…QcHpq„QS[.W[Qqq.\XȤpo \ƵT9Jtv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<poqtsvJ+pptpqo„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[opqroo ps 

owrtpvJ+vpst„Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊUH\PV[Q[J[L<ousttp

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

pptpqo„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOS[\H<oxqwrrJ+rxqwpt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9popqqoss qs qMJ

oxsssuJ+sowsvt„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotsprxġ

O^Kuxpopx pt pMJ

ppqptt„Mj[-X[ġoqrotxġorpwpt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ƕ¾sstsso po qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoqswspġospxtq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpqsxġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lottsov(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotsprx\Oj[Loxsssv„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqrrru ps (

J+rqspro„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<poqtsvJ+

„OT]tqotttp pr sMJ

…H\HT\Oj[L<owrtpvJ+vpst„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;;ĚS[\H<

QþTpoqropo qr rMJ

ovpwts„Mj[-X[ġowtuoxġppqqoq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howpqtoġ

Ǐdzupspwsp pt rMJ

oqrurqġorqtpo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopsrsrġoqrotx„Mj[(

U\Lqqrqoqq v qMJ

owssoo„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpoputtġppstrr„Mj[(

S[ȉsprpopw po sMJ

„9H^poprpopw qs qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<oustsrJ+rqsppoSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHQ[J[L<

oustsrJ+rqsppoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[ 1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<poquoqJ+

pptptvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<oustsrJ+rqsppoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owrtrqJ+vpssqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poquoqJ+pptptvtSI[+L[H „J[VL[\ƚQ[J[L<oustsrJ+rqsppoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poquoqJ+

pptptvtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrtrqJ+vpssqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H

Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poquoqJ+pptptvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<oustsrJ+rqsppoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owrtrqJ+vpssqtSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Louspqr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lowtsqo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lppppqt„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[ opqtqs„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orqrpw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotoqqt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourprr„Mj[(„QV S[\UH„WŁ[owoqtx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxswpv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpptrou„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoxsu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtrq„Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\ď182


qr.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;prJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUrpP[JwsP[SH]j\W\PTqsP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHprÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqr.\XȤpp \ĆľT9Jtv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsotpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<owruoqJ+vpttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqppq pt 

M_O­P[Ă?MJQ[J[L<otsuovJ+ropppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rtpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovotsoJ+rqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poquqpso qt qMJ

otsqorÄĄourortÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxouÄĄppqpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kuposvqt pt qMJ

opsrrwÄĄorpwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostrotÄĄotsoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsttrrx po qMJ

opsvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowttÄĄpqtupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;sprvw po sMJ

9[TS[\HovpwsxÄĄowsvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottrou(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ovotsoJ+rqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprsrx pt (

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owruoqJ+vpttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovswoxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tqpttpt pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Q[J[L<ovptoqJ+rrtrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTpoqstps qr rMJ

owpqouÄĄowtxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsusxÄĄpqowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłupsrprp pt rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HottoopÄĄowpqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpqtwsxÄĄ

U\Lqqrqqru v qMJ

ovproqÄĄowssoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoppvopÄĄoqswopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poprvw qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otsttxJ+ropotoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otsttxJ+ropotoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otsttxJ+ ropotoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L< otsttxJ+ropotoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otsttxJ+

ropotoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrttuJ+vptsqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovotrrJ+rqwstSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owrttuJ+vptsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<otsttxJ+ropotoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovotrrJ+rqwstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqvrv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovtxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqottoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?183


qs.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;psJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUp.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqtP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqs.\XȤpq \ĆľT9Jtv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovouosJ+rroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorpttx pu 

Q[J[L<otovrxJ+qwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ottxtpJ+osrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppoporo qu rMJ

ourotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxpxÄĄowovstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrosÄĄ

O^Kupqqrqo pt qMJ

orpwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLourotrÄĄovpxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžsutrt po rMJ

9^\T9S[\HporrssÄĄppqpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppstsrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sprrtv po sMJ

oqsqtrÄĄospptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottqos(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<ottxtpJ+osrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrvpv pu (

ovouosJ+rroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ouqxsrJ+rptxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tqqtssp pr sMJ

otoqtwJ+qwqqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqqvÄĄ

QĂžTporott qr rMJ

pqtwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouruquÄĄovqrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtwsxÄĄ

Ç?Çłupsssqr pt rMJ

opsuswÄĄospqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqproÄĄpqoxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqrqssr v qMJ

oppurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowssotÄĄpopstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poprrtv qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otovtrJ+qwrsrtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottxssJ+osrpqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otovtrJ+

qwrsrtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovottvJ+rqxstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otovtrJ+

qwrsrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottxssJ+ osrpqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovottvJ+rqxstSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ottxssJ+

osrpqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L< ovottvJ+rqxstSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L< otovtrJ+qwrsrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottxssJ+osrpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowsuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpporrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqrsp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovttovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?184


qt.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\SW[9TbWLwv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;ptJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUq.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsP[SH]j\W\PTquP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHptÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqt.\XȤpr \ĆľT9Jtv\X@S]TĂ­]M_\G­Q[U[SJM_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O[\Ĺť9]@jÄź]Â&#x201E;9[@[;S]Ă&#x201C;H9[\ĥ­9Ć&#x;[L-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsprxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ouoopsJ+ossqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losousu pv 

<ostssrJ+qwosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGOO\Oj[L<ouoopsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otqpsrJ+txvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqrstpt qv rMJ

ovpxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsuptÄĄorqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtroÄĄ

O^Kuprtvtx pt rMJ

otspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxssrrÄĄporqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžsvtqtu po rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLospvpxÄĄotsvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppssruÄĄopprsu

O^SH/Q[J[Lottpoq(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<otqpsrJ+txvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrxtv pv (

ossqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otrvprJ+qxsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tqrtsx ps pMJ

MS<orppoqJ+qrspqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqtpÄĄ

QĂžTporpvpp qr rMJ

oxstsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowqrÄĄorpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosouowÄĄ

Ç?Çłupstvpv pt rMJ

owtwpoÄĄoxstsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqsuspÄĄospvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqrqusr v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sprosu po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprosu qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ostsruJ+qwoqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouooowJ+osspqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ostsruJ+qwoqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ostsru

J+qwoqqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouooowJ+osspqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<

ostsruJ+qwoqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otqpruJ+

txutqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouooowJ+osspqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[ :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqpruJ+txutqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouooowJ+osspqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ostsruJ+qwoqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

otqpruJ+txutqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowsqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpotxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orppqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loupxsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovtpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxruqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?185


qu.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\S/bS/wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUr.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqvP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpvÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqu.\XȤps\ĆľT9J tv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<otqpstJ+txvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lostrrw pw 

<otoxtrJ+qwrvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otqpst

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<otprtpJ+twsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;XV­GÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ovsso p rMJ

ourproÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxstÄĄoxssqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxprÄĄ

O^Kuptrppu pt rMJ

oxstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowovÄĄorpwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosouqpÄĄ

ǜžswtrpp po rMJ

ovqqprÄĄowoxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsspoÄĄpopsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spqtvrt po sMJ

popstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottoop(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<otprtpJ+twsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ossprr pw (

J+txvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otprtoJ+qwsvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tqstrso ps pMJ

opspswJ+pxtvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrptÄĄ

QĂžTporrsr qr sMJ

orqqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospoquÄĄotsutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoursrsÄĄ

Ç?Çłuptpopr pt rMJ

otsprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowovtxÄĄowtupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lqqrqwru v qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopsrwÄĄppstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowstruÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popqtvrt qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<otoxstJ+qwrvptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otoxst J+qwrvptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

otoxstJ+qwrvptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<otprssJ+twsupqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otprssJ+twsupqtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otprssJ+twsupqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opspsqJ+pxtvvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otoxstJ+qwrvptSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otprssJ+twsupqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowrwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpottspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LossusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loupttp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpprvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?186


qv.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\SI[+>[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pwJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUs.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqwP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpwÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqv.\XȤpt\ĆľT9J tv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otprrpJ+twstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotrvpr px 

ottsttJ+roqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG;S\Oj[L<otprrpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<otrvpwJ+txsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<pqruqo

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqowpu q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxtwÄĄoxssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowtpÄĄorqpqv

O^Kupvrs pt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrposÄĄorpwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžsxtrtp po rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopptosÄĄoqstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsrsoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spqtsqs po sMJ

ovptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospqrqÄĄotsqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotswtx(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<otrvpwJ+txsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otspqx px (

twstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otqpqwJ+qxtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]tqttrpr ps pMJ

J+pvpqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrsoÄĄourpsx

QĂžTportpqx qr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoxruÄĄotsttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqttrtÄĄoqrpos

Ç?Çłuptqrpp pt rMJ

ourpsxÄĄovpxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HotsttsÄĄourrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqrroqr v qMJ

ovprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosptrvÄĄotsttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HotsttsÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popqtsqs qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<otttppJ+roqxtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otrvppJ+txsrsvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrvpp J+txsrsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otttppJ+roqxtoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otttppJ+roqxtoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otttppJ+roqxtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrvpp J+txsrsvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <pqrupqJ+pvpqqqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< otrvppJ+txsrsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpotpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ororrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LossqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loupptt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovsrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpprrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osottqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?187


qw.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\ST[Q^/\W+wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pxJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUt.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsP[SH]j\W\PTqxP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqw.\XȤpu \ĆľT9Jtv\X@S]99­>H^I­]9SO[>[J Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqtpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<otrurvJ+txsqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupwqp qo 

Q[J[L<ovportJ+rrrvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ourpsrJ+ptxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqtuqu r qMJ

ourqovÄĄowtupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowroÄĄorqosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kupwrrpv pt sMJ

oqrpouÄĄotsqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosowsuÄĄostusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspotstr po sMJ

osousuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopsqqÄĄppssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsvtv(

I[+L[H>H^I­]\Oj[L<ourpsrJ+ptxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourxsp qp (

otrurvJ+txsqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouooqrJ+rospsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]tqutqsx ps qMJ

\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ppttqoJ+ptqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTposxqx qr sMJ

owowqsÄĄoxssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqovrtÄĄopsrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłuptrupo pt rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosowsuÄĄostusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpwtuÄĄ

U\Lqqrrqr v qMJ

ppssqwÄĄoppsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopprqpÄĄoqsrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spqtpps po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popqtpps qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovpotoJ+rrrvttSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppttpsJ+ptqwttSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovpotoJ+

rrrvttSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovpotoJ+rrrvttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ourprsJ+ptwstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppttpsJ+ptqwttSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpotoJ+rrrvttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourprs

J+ptwstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoupvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowrossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LposvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosrwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louovtx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovrxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxqsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?188


qx.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pxJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUu.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsP[SH]j\W\PTroP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHpxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqx.\XȤpv \ĆľT9Jtv\X@S]99­>H^I­]9SO[>[J Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ourporJ+ptvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loutwop qp 

owtssoJ+rvturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ourpor

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovtspqJ+tqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pptroqr s qMJ

otssqxÄĄovqoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtupxÄĄppqoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kuqopsw pu pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqrqopÄĄorpxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrppÄĄ

ǜžspptupw po sMJ

ovpsqsÄĄowssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoprqxÄĄppsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsutu(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<ovtspqJ+tqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovrupx qq (

J+ptvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ovoxppJ+rrrqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tqvtqqu ps qMJ

\Oj[L<pprvqrJ+pssrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTposqwq qr sMJ

owovrxÄĄpppxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrpovÄĄorpxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłuptsxpq pt rMJ

oqrpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqssopÄĄosprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqrrrru v qMJ S[Č&#x2030;spqswr po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popqswr qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtsttJ+rvtvvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ppspptJ+pstpttSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourotsJ+ptvtSI[+L[H

O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppspptJ+pstpttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L \W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtsttJ+rvtvvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtsttJ+rvtvvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourotsJ+ptvt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtsotJ+tqruoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[ @^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourotsJ+ptvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtsttJ+

rvtvvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovtsotJ+tqruoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowquswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LposrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH\Oj[L pqtvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosrstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LouosoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHQ[J[LovrtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?189


ro.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qoJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUv.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsP[SH]j\W\PTrpP[JtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqoÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qro.\XȤpw \ĆľT9Jtv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovtrpoJ+tqpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrvov qq 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[S[\H<pporpuJ+srputvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

owsrttJ+rvqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxrxqrJ+xsupqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqvtqq t qMJ

M\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotsstsÄĄourqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqorvÄĄ

O^Kuqpqwro pu pMJ

pqovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrovÄĄorpxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosttpsÄĄ

ǜžspqtwt po sMJ

\JLpqttsoÄĄopsrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqovosÄĄpqttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spqsstq po sMJ

oqsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovpqtsÄĄowsqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotstts(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<oxrxqrJ+xsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrprv qr (

.Ă?­[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovtrpoJ+tqpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;OT]tqwtqu ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<ppsoqoJ+pssxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTpossvu qr sMJ

pppxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowouttÄĄowtstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsqtxÄĄ

Ç?Çłupuqps pt rMJ

otsrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HotsqtoÄĄowouttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

U\Lqqrrtq v qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovpsrwÄĄowssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopprrvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popqsstq qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ppsopqJ+pssxpvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<pporowJ+srpurvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtrorJ+

tqpqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppsopqJ+pssxpvtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq qsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pporowJ+srpurvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrxrvJ+xsusvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtrorJ+tqpqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrxrvJ+xsusvtSI[+L[HH[T :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovtrorJ+ tqpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<

pporowJ+srpurvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxrxrvJ+xsusvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouoxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowqqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LporxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosrotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louooou

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovrprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxpusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?190


rp.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsQ[\S/LW[/LW[wv\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvvw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp9[\ĥ­9>[Ĺ&#x192;qpJbQ[JSQ[X[txxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vrs\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuvvO[+T[bJUw.\Ç&#x2C6;LwsP[SH]j\W\PTp.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxxÂ&#x2026;QcHqpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qrp.\XȤpx \ĆľT9Jtv\X@S]9[\H\OČ&#x2030;

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotssosO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxrwqoJ+xsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howpuqx qr 

sxqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxrwqoJ+xsrrt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<pptxqwJ+ptruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotstpxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qportw u qMJ

pqttprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqxtvÄĄovpwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtspxÄĄ

O^Kuqqtrps pu pMJ

opsqtxÄĄosoupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpppxspÄĄpqovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspsopq pp pMJ

opprowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowssqvÄĄpopsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsstr(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<opqxqxJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqtsu qs (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<porvssJ+sqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<

Â&#x201E;OT]tqxtpsw ps qMJ

ourrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqotpÄĄowowrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporpttÄĄ

QĂžTpotusr qr sMJ

orpxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLourrotÄĄovqotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłupuptpx pt rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpororsÄĄpppwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsrrsÄĄ

U\Lqqrruqp v qMJ

oqsrpqÄĄosprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spqspsp po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popqspsp qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<opqxqpJ+sxqotSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrwpsJ+xsrqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opqxqpJ+sxqotS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opqxqpJ+sxqotSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxrwpsJ+xsrqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opqxqpJ+sxqotSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

ppsopuJ+pssvqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrwpsJ+xsrqoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppsopuJ+pssvqqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 

9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxrwpsJ+ xsrqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

opqxqpJ+sxqotSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppsopuJ+pssvqqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouottxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowpwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LporuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LottupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovqvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxpqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpppvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S84

M[\Ä?191


p9[\ĥ­9wsQ[\SW[9TbWL