Page 1

59


Q[\S59

M[\ď0


Iu bgt kÖxm~hŠ¨vq ci eªÞ‥Y bgt

Bgvi ‥mbvLqvZ

weòzwcÖqv gwYcyix Vvii cyivbv cvwÄ m~hŠwm×vť�i gvwnj Mbvwb A‥m MbvwbiKv gvaecyii cweÎ ivmi RvMv Anvb‥i †K›`ªM aivwb ABj AÿZzc: 24.31º Jqvs `ªvwNgvZzc: 91.84º gyO mgqi jqvM: 6º gyO

gvwi 59 DĂ‹g wmsn

‥cŠwi http://www.pouri.org

wbDBqKŠ, wZjcvivóª

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?1


9I[.9>^\C

\Q\OĆ‹^\Ă‘j[Q\GM^S]D[STM[\Ä?.X[L\L9[T[\LQbLj[„;T;[9HOWSK\Sj[XŇ[9bSg\SH[(QSW[KL[-X[LSNTX[L .\XT“M[\Ä?â€? L[=SWNC7j½[SX[LT(QS5bS“M[\Ä?â€? L[=S;L95X[LTȉĪ[X[\S\JL9[SL[;/M^S[OWS.X[S

M[\Ä?X[L;L[\L59bSS(M[\Ä?;L[\LS9[\J@[HSQ[\X.bWp(W^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźO[bS[q(\Oǜĭ\WÄ­[ÄźO[J`9\WÄ­[Äź(W^R­½

\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X5H[M^S[L[9[bTÄĄ>\Tj[.bXQ[\XÂ&#x201E;RH[TO[@[bS>bTSO[+T[Sj[QM[\Ä?;L[\L-S(\Qbjg/bQW^R­½\WÄ­[Äź Q[\X/Tj[M[\Ä?5X[LQ_\H­M[T9ST^(/+bS@]9½[bTÄš[SÂ&#x201E;>j[M^S[L[\JL.X[LX[SM[\LO[S/\HX[WS<CL[S\JL.X[L \OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LL^\=\9Ǣ.Q[SM[\Ä?5H[S\JLH[\S:O[bS[\H\I\L9[T[\L5X[LX[\OÄĄ\XL9[QX[L(-X[bL.\Q X[\Ç M^S[L[\JLH[\S:5H[/bQ/+bS\@TQ[\Hj[S(H[I9j[QS5bSČ&#x2030;S9[XĤ[5X[bLÂ&#x201E;R9^LM^S[L[H[\S:\H\I

\OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LO[SL[L[L;bOVL[S9[bQT[;H/-X[LÂ&#x2026;Ç&#x2C6;bLj(.Q[SP[SH1MQX[bJUSQ^+O[S[HÂ&#x201E;RÂ&#x201E;RWL-Ĺ&#x2022;O[ M[\Ä?O½[OX[S9S[\L-S-H[X[\Ç 5bM/HÂ&#x201E;>ĹŻS[\LHXĤ[.X[bLgI^/T^(

OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;SQ[\S5X[L9^ĹĄ[;[ÄĄ>[T^-bWX[L-X[LQ[H[\L\XL(9^L;/Q[ÄĄ[S[O[JU[X.9ObS\L9[T[bWX[LO[bS[ 9HH[/Q[ÄĄ[S[S[@[UU[+9/\L9[T[bWX[L(\Q-W[bJÂ&#x201E;9[L6\HX[\W9H9­HR[L[L[QL[1\S(5Q[\Spspx/bT

.\@9[ÄĄpspxOWS.b;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;-9S[\L-bW5W[bJÂ&#x201E;TM9\Sj[pOĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;ÄĄ-9\Sj[X[\SQ[\SSM[\Ä?.X[LU[H9ST^(

\X@\S\X@\SH[\S:;L[\LSL[L[LMÄ­\H>[T^-bW-H[X[\OH:[\LL[:[\LÂ&#x201E;RW[bJ1T[TS(-X[bLQSMÄ­\H 9^bjH O[bS[Q[/žWNCMÄ­\HS:[\LW+Ć&#x2019;[S9\Sj[ 5X[bHgp\JLÂ&#x201E;XTO[9Q/bHM[bS(\X@\SH[\S:Â&#x201E;TM9S[\LS>^ĹĄ[

MÄ­\HX[L/TH[/I[\>S\M?S\JbLÂ&#x201E;OT];O^S[\LSI[+L[H@^T[9X[LÂ&#x201E;J:bT-\JLS\M?S\JbLM/T[Q[W(Â&#x201E;J:[\L5X[bHg Â&#x201E;ObWM-/bHM[bSÂ&#x201E;Q<[T[/bTÂ&#x201E;R;Â&#x201E;>/H/-;S>[L[X[LÂ&#x201E;W+L[/bTO[Â&#x201E;9[L@[;[X[ÄĄÂ&#x201E;>/H[S[5W[bJ(-X[bL

O[+T[bJbU/bQWS9[\S@[H]j>[*JÂ&#x201E;J:[9\Q\CbjÂ&#x201E;RX[LÂ&#x201E;TM9SH[/-X[LS;b@I[Ĺ°\Jj[\X@\SH[\S:O[bS[MO­ Â&#x201E;TM9S[\L-S(

O[+T[bJUO[+T[bJUSO[+T[59[bEQ]bjÂ&#x201E;RO[+T[M[\Ä?SW+Ć&#x2019;[S9bS\W-X[L/bQâ&#x20AC;&#x153;O[+T[bJUâ&#x20AC;? O^\Tj[Â&#x201E;JL[-/T( Q[\XW^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X/Tj[\JLO[SMSOXO[WQjR[Ă&#x160;[\H\ILĂ­Ă&#x160;9SLÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă XƤ^C.\J;LbT1 Â&#x201E;OL]b@[T[9\L9^T[\LO^S[\LĂ XLO[bS[TĂś5H[Č&#x2030;ÄŞ[J`9\WÄ­[Äź/Tj[;L[\L-/T(

Â&#x201E;RH[S;bOVL[O[bS[9Q­ĥM[+T[9M[W^H[ 1. Shree Ajit Krishnan, MHora-v0.2.

2. Shree Michio Yano (http://www.cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp/~yanom/) articles, and Pancanga (version 3.13). 3. Shree Vinay Jha (http://jyotirvidya.wetpaint.com/), Shree Surya Siddhanta releted all articles. 4Ă&#x2DC;]W_R­½\WÄ­[ÄźÇ&#x2030;[Q]\OÄ&#x152;[L[LĹ prpuW[TÂ&#x201E;OT^hQD9\T9[H[(

5. Indian Astronomy: An Introduction By S. Balachandra Rao, Year 2000, Universities Press.

6. Indian Calendric System, by Commodore S.K. Chatterjee (Retd.), Year 1998, Publication Division, MOIB, Govt of India.

My special thanks for their tools:

1. Microsoft for Visual Studio 2010 & Hijri Calendar.

2. Swiss Ephemeris (http://www.astro.com/swisseph/) for swedll32.dll

T\QbH;[X[\Ç S[+Â&#x201E;X/>[.X[LQS5bSČ&#x2030;Çł9[Q5X[HÂ&#x201E;9[LT[TI[/bTHS[9QbSO[b;/O[+\QT;[T;Â&#x201E;RW[bJ1 >^Q9SH1(

1ĥQ\W+X\L1/j9­pspxWL

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?2


\L+bIgǜžQÄž]@^T[9M[\LS-\KM\HÇ?ÇłO[bS[N[jNWTS-\KM\HbOT](

=========================================================

pÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;tQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qoQ[>­utqO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTroN[ÇľLtvrÂ&#x2026;QcHtU\@O^.W[QpOX[;sU[ O[Lrp \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/roÂ&#x2026;>HtwQ[\S utqrpx \L+bIg9[M[ J+ssvpqt <qrsoSWQj  Ă&#x2DC;]L[;MÄ?Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LouooosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswstJ+qqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousrst qo 

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswstJ+qqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+strxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLowqppvÄĄposuss

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqtswu t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouorosÄĄoutotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpspuÄĄpprvso

O^Kppxsps qu qMJ

oqoorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqqtqwÄĄopprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpoptrsr qs rMJ

9[TS[\HovrqsqÄĄoxoqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoprx(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oqorstJ+topxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howoopp qo (

oqtrqtJ+tqqrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<ooppsu

Â&#x201E;OT]ooptpv p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppqpoÄĄoqsxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvrvÄĄotpsrt

QĂžTruqpx w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqoposÄĄorrusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqpoÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqqttpq pp rMJ

ovqussÄĄowtvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoproqpÄĄoropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsstsru po qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wquqstt qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qquqstt v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswrwJ+qqxqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqortwJ+toqoqoSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswrwJ+ qqxqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsu

vxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqortwJ+toqoqoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr qtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqswrwJ+qqxqqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswrwJ+qqxqqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oqortwJ+toqoqoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LoupwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovsxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxrsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpotrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?3


qÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;uQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qpQ[>­utqO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHuU\@O^.W[QqOX[;tU[ O[Lrp\X@S] -bU[9VĆ&#x160;]Ć&#x2019;Ĺ&#x201E;VĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottvtvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotsoJ+qqtsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovqvqo qp 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotsoJ+qqtsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<orqupr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

srtvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLottssuÄĄovrpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qwsrso u pMJ

O[bS[S[\HoutpovÄĄoxpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqooqxÄĄottxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpppostrs qu rMJ

posxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprsswÄĄpqqrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpopuspqt qs sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowtutuÄĄpoqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HorooovÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqqq(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<orprruJ+trpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxorrp qp (

J+trswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;S[\H<pprosuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opprtu p pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxtvrxÄĄpprsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvspÄĄotpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrusqsv w qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoorqÄĄorrvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpsptÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqqsxsv pp rMJ

posxrxÄĄpprvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptxouÄĄopropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsstqrx po qMJ

osqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wquqpst qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qquqpst v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<orprqxJ+trpusvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

orprqxJ+trpusvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotrsJ+qqtsqoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orprqxJ+trpusvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotrsJ+qqtsqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orprqxJ+trpusvtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotrsJ+qqtsqoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotrsJ+qqtsqoSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orprqxJ+trpusvtS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LoupopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovspqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpostrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?4


rÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;vQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qqQ[>­utqO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHvU\@O^.W[QrOX[;uU[ O[Lrp\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]O[W\ÄźM^@[S;HOX[\L WĹ&#x152;Q] 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottutrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrpsJ+qstupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowprso qq 

9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrpsJ+qstupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

srpusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;S[\HoppqpvÄĄorrtov

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqpqspw v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtvosÄĄpostssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpsprÄĄ

O^Kpppqqwpo qu rMJ

osrqrpÄĄouorsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpqootqÄĄoproowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqsr(

I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<ostqpuJ+tvquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpootpp qq (

osqwroJ+tuquuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[S[\H<ppprqxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqpqrr p pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottrsqÄĄovrporÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpostssÄĄopppst

QĂžTrvsst w qMJ

pooptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropptÄĄosrqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsqqssrq pp rMJ

ǜžpopvswtt qs sMJ U\Lsstosw po qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqupwrs qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqupwrs v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[S[\H<ppprqqJ+srpuroSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ostqroJ+tvquuoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ S[\H<ppprqqJ+srpuroSI[+L[HO`V 99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<ostqroJ+tvquuoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrqvJ+qstusqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< ostqroJ+tvquuoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrqvJ+qstusqtS I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ostqroJ+tvquuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrqvJ+

qstusqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrqvJ+ qstusqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<ppprqqJ+srpuroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostqroJ+tvquuoS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LououprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpospruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqttsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?5


sÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;wQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qrQ[>­utqO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHwU\@O^.W[QsOX[;vU[ O[Lrp\X@S] -Ĺ&#x2021;M_G­[M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottttoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<otoxrrJ+qwxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxoqtx qr 

<outuqxJ+qrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osqvswJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ottvotJ+opptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HS[\H<pppvow

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rrtprq w pMJ

-X[ÄĄowpwtuÄĄpostpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppprqÄĄoqsxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpppspptv qu sMJ

-X[ÄĄorrsqoÄĄosqptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposxpsÄĄpprust

ǜžpopwturr qs sMJ

oxovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrxoxÄĄowqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;wquptqr qo sMJ

9[TS[\HoxoqpxÄĄporpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoros(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<ostprrJ+tvqsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpportp qr (

tuqtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otoxrrJ+qwxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]orppw p pMJ

J+srqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLottqrxÄĄovroppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrvqvs w qMJ

-X[ÄĄosqurtÄĄouosovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovrxoxÄĄoxpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqqrxqu pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqptpÄĄottutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowpwtuÄĄ

U\Lsssxs po qMJ

owttrpÄĄpoqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoqutvÄĄpptwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^qquptqr v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<outuqqJ+qrxpvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outuqqJ+

qrxpvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otoxquJ+ qwxqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outuqqJ+

qrxpvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<

otoxquJ+qwxqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<otoxquJ+qwxqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< outuqqJ+qrxpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orttssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?6


tÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;xQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qsQ[>­utqO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHxU\@O^.W[QtOX[;wU[ O[Lrp\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[QLOQ]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottssuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ouswtvJ+rqqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxtstr qs 

oxpxsuJ+wsoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ottuoqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovsupoJ+ssuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpuvrv w sMJ

oppppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqussÄĄposxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqrtqÄĄ

O^Kpppttusx qu sMJ

ousoqvÄĄovqxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouosqwÄĄoutptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpoqospx qt pMJ

ovqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrqtpÄĄouosqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouosqwÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louorqt(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<outtquJ+qrutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptwpv qs (

owqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ouswtvJ+rqqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]osxso p qMJ

pprvsoJ+ssqqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtttrÄĄ

QĂžTrvsxsr w qMJ

optwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsuowÄĄosqotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsqqrsro pp rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqxrwÄĄoropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLottprtÄĄ

U\Lsssvqu po qMJ

ovrrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosquttÄĄottttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqupqpr qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqupqpr v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<outtsoJ+qrvrqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxqooqJ+wspvtSI[+L[H\W+X S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[

@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxqooqJ+wspvtSI[+L[H \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpo

pqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outtsoJ+qrvrqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxqooqJ+wspvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxqooqJ+wspvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ousxpoJ+rqqppvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottuptJ+

oxSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<outtsoJ+qrvrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ousxpoJ+rqqppvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxqooqJ+wspvtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pppxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouorstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?7


uÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;poQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qtQ[>­utqO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpoU\@O^.W[QuOX[;xU[ O[Lrp\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]O[W\ÄźM^@[T\QT KQ­S[@JUQ] 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottrsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owstpsJ+rvpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lposwqu qt 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovstowJ+ssrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oopoosJ+stswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqwptqo x sMJ

oxpsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottorqÄĄourxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpppvsqsr qv pMJ

pqqrqvÄĄorrqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqutsÄĄotpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpoqppqpr qt pMJ

pptvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptvsoÄĄopqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louorsu(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<oxpwssJ+wrvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsvss qt (

owstpsJ+rvpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxsvpoJ+xtprt

Â&#x201E;OT]otwpo p qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLourxqxÄĄoxttpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovrxqwÄĄ

QĂžTrwpqso w qMJ

opppouÄĄoqooorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqowÄĄovrxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqqqxss pp rMJ

9^\T9S[\HorrqsvÄĄosqoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqttrÄĄ

U\Lsssttt po qMJ

opqwrqÄĄoqtvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wquxq qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qquxq v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxpwtwJ+wrwqvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S

9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxpwtwJ+wrwqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­C O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< oxpwtwJ+wrwqvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxpwtwJ+wrwqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owstowJ+rvprtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owstowJ+rvprtqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovstooJ+ssrrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxpwtwJ+wrwqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owstowJ+rvprtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxposxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?8


vÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ppQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]quQ[>­utqO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHppU\@O^.W[QvOX[;poU[ O[Lrp \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9[QJ[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottqrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<poswstJ+sqqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsqrq qu 

M_O­N[ÇľL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxsuovJ+xswtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

svqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotsxqwÄĄovqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spopvts po sMJ

-X[ÄĄpprtsxÄĄoqsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwopÄĄotpuou

O^Kpppxqxrs qv pMJ

oqsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroppsÄĄosrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louosov(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<pptrrrJ+ptvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprqpq qu (

<poswstJ+sqqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<oosutoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ouurw p qMJ

-X[ÄĄposrstÄĄoppotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqqrÄĄoxpsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrwrttv w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtwÄĄorrwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptvrpÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqqqtw pp rMJ

ovqpquÄĄowtrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporotqÄĄpptxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpoqqqops qt pMJ U\Lssssro po qMJ S[Č&#x2030;wquttq qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qquttq v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pptrqtJ+ptvpqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<pptrqtJ+ptvpqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pptrqtJ+ptvpqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<poswtxJ+sqquvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poswtxJ+sqquvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxsttwJ+xswrtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pptrqtJ+ptvpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<poswtxJ+sqquvtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxoutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpppprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?9


w…OU[:txQ[\S„T/M[9M[uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSx…OU[:>[ŃpqQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qvQ[>­utqO[+T[bJUpr…>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTv…>Htvs…QcHpqU\@O^.W[QwOX[;ppU[ O[Lrp \X@S]Ø]O[QLǚz[JU]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottprtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<ootoouJ+svrspqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqruox qv 

M_O­N[ǵL]„O\LSMS<oqqxswJ+qpsoto„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSN[ǵL]9SG

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

svrspqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;ǝO\Oj[L<opqpsuJ+swtrqqt

„@[T[9sqqpwsv pp rMJ

opposoġoqswtv„Mj[-X[ġorrwotġotpuqq„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kppqppvpu qv qMJ

optutuġorrppr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopposoġoptxsw„Mj[(

Ƕ¾poqrqwqq qt qMJ

owtqsp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqxouġoropps„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louosqw(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotswqt\Oj[Loxtsov„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqpqpq qv (

OO\Oj[L<ppsxrvJ+ptoqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ootoouJ+

„OT]ovts p rMJ

„Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLowpttoġposrpt„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTrwtxrq w qMJ

ouotroġoutqrx„Mj[-X[ġoxpsosġpprtro„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzsqqqosq pp rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hpqqqrxġopoxsv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovqorrġ

U\Lsssrpq po qMJ

ovrrtsġoxoqpv„Mj[(

S[ȉwquqsp qo sMJ „9H^qquqsp v qMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

1ǚS;H[S[Wš[H„O\LSMS<oqqxspJ+qpsorqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ootoqoJ+svrssvtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ootoqoJ+svrssvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<oqqxspJ+qpsorqtSI[+L[Hqstvxpp

prpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqqxspJ+qpsorqtSI[+L[H 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<oqqxspJ+qpsorqtSI[+L[H\ÊM^ƃSbJ[V\Oj[L <ootoqoJ+svrssvtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ootoqoJ+svrssvtSI[+L[H „O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppsxtoJ+ptottSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oqqxspJ+qpsorqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ LíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ootoqoJ+svrssvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovpvtq„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxoqtw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lppovrt„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[ opqspq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orsoop„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lottptv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owostp„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hpoqptu„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqruoq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrsow„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osprqu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsqrw„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď10


xÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;prQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qwQ[>­utqO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHprU\@O^.W[QxOX[;pqU[ O[L rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottorqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oqrxrsJ+tqporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwsv qw 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsupvJ+pxtssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tootqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotsvqqÄĄovqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tsqprq pq rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoutqtsÄĄoxpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptuqoÄĄottprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kppqrtsv qv qMJ

poswowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprptxÄĄpqqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpoqsrurw qt qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowtptxÄĄpoqspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqttoxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louossw(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Q[J[L<ostwroJ+qvttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqswru qw (

oqrxrsJ+tqporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<opsvsrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]owrqw p rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxtrrpÄĄpprptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwoxÄĄotpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrxqrqt w qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxspÄĄorrwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpsoqÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqqpuqu pp rMJ

poswowÄĄpprtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppturuÄĄopqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lssspuo po qMJ

osqrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqttxro qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqttxro v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ostwstJ+qvtttoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ostwst

J+qvtttoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ostwstJ+qvtttoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqrxsvJ+

tqppqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ostwstJ+qvtttoSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqrxsvJ+tqppqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsurpJ+pxttptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ostwstJ+qvtttoSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqrxsvJ+tqppqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpporrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orruotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotswopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqropsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osoxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?11


poÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;psQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qxQ[>­utqO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpsU\@O^.W[QpoOX[;prU[ O[L rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsxqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<osoxpsJ+tttvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqopv qx 

9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqussJ+qswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

torortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;S[\HopowsvÄĄorqxso

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpuqxru pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtqtuÄĄposqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpsopÄĄ

O^Kppqsttq qv rMJ

osrrsqÄĄououppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptwqpÄĄopquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotox(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Q[J[L<ovppopJ+rrqxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqqqs qx (

osoxpsJ+tttvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<optwrrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oxpsx p rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotsupxÄĄovqstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqpuÄĄoppops

QĂžTrxsvrt w qMJ

poootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropprÄĄosrrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsqqpqqp pp rMJ

ǜžpoqtssuo qt qMJ U\Lsssott po qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqttuqo qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqttuqo v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ovpppuJ+rrqxstSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ovpppuJ+rrqxstSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L< ovpppuJ+rrqxstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<osoxovJ+tttvSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<osoxovJ+tttvSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?

WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqutxJ+qsxqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovpppuJ+

rrqxstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L< osoxovJ+tttvSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotssotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osotrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?12


ppÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ptQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]roQ[>­utqO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHptU\@O^.W[QppOX[;psU[ O[Lrp \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SOWÄźS[WTĂ­]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]OTS[QS[WR[Ă&#x160;[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotswqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<otpqrwJ+twrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorpotv ro 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<osssppJ+qvqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otpqrwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotstpuÄĄovqsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowprrpÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqwsupq ps qMJ

ouourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsopuÄĄoxprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqwtrÄĄ

O^Kppqusstw qv sMJ

osptstÄĄotsxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowprrpÄĄoxoqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpoqutrqx qt rMJ

poqrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoqrptÄĄpptttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louotro(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[S[\H<oxoooxJ+rwsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ortsrw ro (

twrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<opsxtvJ+toppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]opoow p sMJ

pospsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppooqÄĄoqswtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqvsqÄĄ

QĂžTrpopqr w rMJ

osptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposvsrÄĄpprsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqqwqv pp rMJ

9^\T9S[\HovsopuÄĄowqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtortÄĄ

U\Lssrxtv po qMJ

oxoqpuÄĄporoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqttrx qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqttrx v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<osssosJ+qvqsqqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxooqrJ+rwtpoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osssosJ+qvqsqqt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<otpqroJ+twrwtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V

\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxooqr

J+rwtpoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpqroJ+twrwtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otpqroJ+twrwtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<osssos

J+qvqsqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

otpqroJ+twrwtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovouosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpottsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osoprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?13


pqÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;puQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]rpQ[>­utqO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpuU\@O^.W[QpqOX[;ptU[ O[Lrp \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbOOS[H Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsvqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<otpptvJ+twrusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losoppx rp 

poqprrJ+sprosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGOO\Oj[L<otpptvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otsuoxJ+ostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upppst pt qMJ

opoxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvppÄĄposvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqpoqÄĄ

O^Kppqwrtro qv sMJ

ourrssÄĄovqrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HououtrÄĄoutrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpoqwqs qt rMJ

ovpvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrsorÄĄououtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HououtrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louottp(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<otsuoxJ+ostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqupx rp (

twrusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otrrppJ+qxqxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opotwqt p sMJ

oppwpvJ+swttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtpsvÄĄ

QĂžTrporusv w rMJ

optsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqspqoÄĄospstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsqqssr pp rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqwqrÄĄoropprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotssprÄĄ

U\Lssrxt po qMJ

ovrsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqosrÄĄotswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqtsxtx qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqtsxtx v qMJ

O^KO\ž/H/S[\H<pptxqvJ+ strtqvt Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9S[\H<poqpqsJ+sproqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<otrrosJ+qxqxroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spr tvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poqpqsJ+sproqoSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqq

qsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<poqpqsJ+sproqoSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otsuooJ+osqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otsuooJ+

osqvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Q[J[L<otrrosJ+qxqxroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<poqpqsJ+sproqoS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otsuooJ+osqvtS I[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovoqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoouprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?14


prÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;puQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpuU\@O^.W[QprOX[;puU[ O[L rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsupxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<otsttoJ+osqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lostqor p 

<pppqspJ+srsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otstto

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<otswqoJ+opqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqrttqw pu qMJ

oxtppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsortÄĄoxprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kooqurt p pMJ

outrtsÄĄovsortÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqorwÄĄorqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpoqxpost qt rMJ

ospsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqqpqÄĄppttprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lououpp(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<otswqoJ+opqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[S[\H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ostwqu p (

J+osqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ottppsJ+ropvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opptuso p sMJ

ooqqtrJ+surxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLourqsvÄĄ

QĂžTrpppsw w rMJ

otsrppÄĄourqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxrvÄĄoptxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłsqqppo pp rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosqwopÄĄotpvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqvqoÄĄ

U\Lssrwqo po qMJ

ppttprÄĄopqwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopqssxÄĄoqtqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqtsusw qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqtsusw v qMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvrxqqt Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ottpotJ+ropvpoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<pppqrsJ+srsotqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<otstsqJ+orsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[ KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[Q[J[L<ottpotJ+ropvpoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pppqrsJ+srsotqtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopq

pspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pppqrsJ+srsotqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otswrsJ+oprqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otstsqJ+orsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VS[\H<pppqrsJ+

srsotqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otswrsJ+oprqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

otstsqJ+orsqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otswrsJ+oprqvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otstsqJ+orsqtSI[+L[H \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<pppqrsJ+srsotqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;

Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otswrsJ+oprqvtS I[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oposrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpooqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?15


psÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pvQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpvU\@O^.W[QpsOX[;pvU[ O[L rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotstpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otswqrJ+opquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotsrsx q 

<pprrrwJ+ssruvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<otswqrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<otpxtuJ+txsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vutpto pv qMJ

ovqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposopxÄĄopoxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutspoÄĄ

O^Koqpwpo p pMJ

orrwroÄĄotpvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswswÄĄorrwro

ǜžppopxrr qt sMJ

osrsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovptqoÄĄowswrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louourq(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<otpxtuJ+txsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[S[\H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrqoq q (

opquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otrvtvJ+qxsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]opqtstr p sMJ

ppoqspJ+srpwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqoxÄĄ

QĂžTrppqvs w rMJ

oxprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrrxÄĄoqrxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsqptvsw pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptrqsÄĄoqrxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoropprÄĄ

U\Lssrvsq po qMJ

poqxruÄĄpptutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqtsrrv qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqtsrrv v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<pprrrpJ+ssrttoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otswpuJ+opqsqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pprrrpJ+ssrttoSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otswpuJ+opqsqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pprrrpJ+ssrttoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otswpuJ+opqsqtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otswpuJ+opqsqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< otqoppJ+txttSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otswpuJ+opqsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<pprrrpJ+ssrttoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqoppJ+txttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opoortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqporrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?16


ptÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pxQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpxU\@O^.W[QptOX[;pwU[ O[L rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotssprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<otpxtxJ+txsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lourvpt r 

ppqtqsJ+sspwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otpxtxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<osqrowJ+tustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<S[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqortv pw qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxprÄĄoqswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwrsÄĄotpwox

O^Kospopp p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptqsxÄĄorqtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxprÄĄ

ǜžpppqwqu qt sMJ

ovpsqxÄĄowsvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqvtrÄĄoroppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououtr(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<osqrowJ+tustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louowpr s (

txsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<osttoxJ+qwqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]oprtrs q pMJ

oxpxstJ+rxsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLowpoqxÄĄporxtp

QĂžTrpptqru w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouovtuÄĄoutsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprtrÄĄpprrqp

Ç?Çłsqptsrw pp rMJ

optxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpxtpÄĄopouqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lssrvpo po qMJ

9[TS[\HovrtouÄĄoxoqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqtsoqv qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqtsoqv v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<ppqtrxJ+sspwstSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<osttorJ+qwqptSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[S[\H<

ppqtrxJ+sspwstSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp qsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppqtrxJ+sspwstSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqp qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

osqropJ+tusssqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<osttorJ+qwqptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<

ppqtrxJ+sspwstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<osqropJ+tusssqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ 

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqowrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otptovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?17


puÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qoQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqoU\@O^.W[QpuOX[;pxU[ O[L rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<osqrrrJ+tusuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrqsr s 

potprwJ+sqtuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osqrrr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orooqrJ+trqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wrrpso px qMJ

ovpxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsxroÄĄppqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwrxÄĄ

O^Kouqru p qMJ

otssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwtrÄĄorrwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžppqrvqt qt sMJ

9^\T9S[\HposusoÄĄpprrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptspqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqtrvpu qo sMJ

oqtopsÄĄospvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovps(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<orooqrJ+trqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louswot t (

J+tusuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstoqJ+qtxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]opstppq q pMJ

Q[J[L<ovptpuJ+rrttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotsoouÄĄ

QĂžTrpqpwqs w rMJ

otpwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutsspÄĄoxprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptqptÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqptprw pp rMJ

oxprtqÄĄposusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxptÄĄpqpxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lssrusu po qMJ

opqvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsvoxÄĄpoqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qqtrvpu v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<potptqJ+sqtutoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsstrJ+qtxqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

potptqJ+sqtutoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<potptqJ+sqtutoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oroopt J+trqoqqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsstrJ+qtxqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orooptJ+trqoqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqosrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?18


pvÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qpQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqpU\@O^.W[QpvOX[;qoU[ O[L rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqoxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oppuqsJ+sxrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howroox t 

sorxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqppowJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Q[J[L<ostqqsJ+qwostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpvpss qo qMJ

porwttÄĄopowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxswtuÄĄporwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kovttqp p rMJ

osrstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrstvÄĄouowrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louovrt(

(.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H<oxtttsJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovrqrw u (

qppvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oppuqsJ+sxrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]optsxpx q pMJ

opotqqÄĄorqspvQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrxouÄĄovpxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrpqssqv w rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxprtpÄĄpooooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropptÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqpswsx pp rMJ

ppttttÄĄopqqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpprsuro qu pMJ U\Lssruqw po qMJ S[Č&#x2030;wqtrsu qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqtrsu v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<oxttsuJ+sorxpoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqppooJ+qppvptSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

oxttsuJ+sorxpoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxttsuJ+sorxpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<oxttsuJ+sorxpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oppupvJ+sxqtvt

SI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oppupvJ+sxqtvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqppooJ+qppvptS I[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxttsuJ+ sorxpoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oppupvJ+

sxqtvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orosrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqoosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?19


pwÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qqQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqqU\@O^.W[QpwOX[;qpU[ O[Lrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<pppssvJ+srtxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqwto u 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqpvswJ+purustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<pppssvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwotÄĄovpwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpxqu qp qMJ

osqwtqÄĄouoxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovspqtÄĄoxprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koxswqq p rMJ

-X[ÄĄosoxssÄĄotsqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowowpuÄĄowtwqo

ǜžppsttso qu pMJ

popxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopxspÄĄpptrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louovtu(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsqoxJ+rvrvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowqqrr v (

srtxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpsosJ+qpqvqt

Â&#x201E;OT]opusvqs q qMJ

owowpuÄĄporwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowrwÄĄoqswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrprposs w rMJ

orqrrpÄĄosoxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposupuÄĄpprqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqpsupq pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovspqtÄĄowqvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowstsxÄĄ

U\Lssrupv po qMJ

oxoqpvÄĄpoqwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqtrott qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqtrott v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsqoqJ+rvrvqoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqpvsoJ+puruqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsqoqJ+

rvrvqoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsqoqJ+rvrvqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsqoq J+rvrvqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<pppsspJ+srtwtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

pppsspJ+srtwtvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqpvsoJ+puruqtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsqoqJ+

rvrvqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pppsspJ+srtwtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otorpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?20


px…OU[:txQ[\SI[+>[uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSqo…OU[:>[ŃqrQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]v5\ÑTutqO[+T[bJUqs…>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTpw…>Htvs…QcHqrU\@O^.W[QpxOX[;qqU[ O[Lrp \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ S[\H<oxoopsJ+rwqtqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqvqs v 

O[TO\Oj[L<pooxqpJ+pppwpo„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOS[\H<oxoopsJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

;S„R[;ǶP\Oj[L<ppqrtqJ+psqsqvt„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾\Oj[L<

„@[T[9xptptqt qq qMJ

opowqv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howqvsrġposuos„Mj[-X[ġpqpwpwġ

O^Koppsprw p sMJ

ouqvpsġovpvqr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Houoxqpġouttqw„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppustt qu pMJ

ovppov„Mj[-X[ġosrtpxġouoxqp„Mj[(9[TS[\Houoxqpġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louowpv(

LOQ]LíÊØOG[Q[J[L<ovpssuJ+rspsqt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxpvsx w (

rwqtqqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<ovswtvJ+tqxso„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]opvstqu q qMJ

owqsptJ+utvtt„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsvtoġ

QþTrprrvpt w sMJ

optorq„Mj[-X[ġoqrurxġosowts„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzsqpsrsu pp rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqvptġoroppv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrvotġ

U\Lssrupq po qMJ

ovrtto„Mj[-X[ġospsrxġotspow„Mj[(

S[ȉwqtqvss qo sMJ „9H^qqtqvss v qMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾5S[\JH/\Oj[L<oxpqspJ+ wturo

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

O[JS;H[S[„íQ[Q[J[L<ovpsrxJ+rspqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ovsxppJ+troptSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­

S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S „QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pooxptJ+pppvttS

I[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsxppJ+troptSI[+L[H„QV O`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqs quLíÊHQ[J[L<ovpsrxJ+rspqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[

XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ  9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxooowJ+rwqtvtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pooxptJ+pppvttS I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpsrxJ+rspqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxooowJ+rwqtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Loursrv„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowpxsq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqsqo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsotu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqtusu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotowsp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovqprv„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxrwso„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpptqsv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optots„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orropp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxqs„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď21


qo…OU[:txQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSqp…OU[:>[ŃqsQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]w5\ÑTutqO[+T[bJUqt…>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTpx…>Htvs…QcHqsU\@O^.W[QqoOX[;qrU[ O[L rp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ Q[J[L<ourvqsJ+rqrosvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppqsou w 

…H\HT\Oj[L<ovtoowJ+trqrvt„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ourvqsJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\O\Ɔ„R[;Ƕ¾\Oj[L<owqtoqJ+utxtqt„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ\Oj[L<

„@[T[9xqxqxw qr qMJ

oxsvpw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovspsuġoxprsx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

O^Koprrtt q pMJ

outtstġovspsu„Mj[-X[ġpqpvtuġorqqoq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppvpspu qu qMJ

osowor„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwsqġpptqts„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louowrw(

JUQ]LíÊK\LƊ[Q[J[L<otrwsrJ+rost„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpopvrp x (

rqrosvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otqrrvJ+txqwsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]opwsrqv q qMJ

otqosrJ+txqprqt„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń-Q`HbR[;\JLouquqoġ

QþTrpssp w sMJ

otruouġouquqo„Mj[-X[ġopowpuġoptwrp„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdzsqpsprp pp rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosqxpsġotpxqx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horqqoqġ

U\Lssrupt po qMJ

pptqtsġopqvou„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopqpprġoqsvrp„Mj[(

S[ȉwqtqsrs qo sMJ „9H^qqtqsrs v qMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ovtoooJ+trqpvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9Q[J[L<otrwtwJ+rossqtSI[+L[H9^Ŧ S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtoooJ+

trqpvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxpp

prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<otrwtwJ+rossqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<otrwtwJ+rossqtS I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ourvpvJ+rqroroSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovtoooJ+trqpvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ourvpvJ+rqroroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lourosq„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowptsu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqoqr„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrvoo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqtqtp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotosst„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovpvsp„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxrsss„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppswtp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsutw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqupu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttqw„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď22


qpÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qtQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqtU\@O^.W[QqpOX[;qsU[ O[L rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ospotxJ+quqvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqpvqw x 

M_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO\G@\Oj[L<otqssvJ+txrpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<otqprqJ+txqrrt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poprsvpt qs rMJ

\JLotrtouÄĄovptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvouÄĄopowouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Koptqwrx q pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrxotÄĄotpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswstÄĄ

ǜžppwqrsp qu qMJ

oropqoÄĄosrtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoxqxÄĄowsrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxoo(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxotJ+qttvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqoot po (

Q[J[L<ospotxJ+quqvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqtvppJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opxspqt q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<oqpuowJ+tpsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTrpsrouo w sMJ

S[\HoutuopÄĄoxprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprprvÄĄoqrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqprxqw pp rMJ

orrxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsxqtÄĄoqrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lssruqs po qMJ

9[TS[\HpoqwqwÄĄpptsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqtqpqr qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqtqpqr v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwtxJ+qttvpqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwtxJ+qttvpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[

KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LS MS<ortwtxJ+qttvpqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwtxJ+qttvpqtSI[+L[H

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwtxJ+ qttvpqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ospotpJ+ququtqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< ortwtxJ+qttvpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ospotpJ+ququtqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?23


qqÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;quQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHquU\@O^.W[QqqOX[;qt U[ O[Lrp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]OÇł\IL]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opstpwJ+qoqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opoust

I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opstpwJ+qoqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;OK`\HS[\H<pppsotJ+ssvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqwupx qt rMJ

orrxppÄĄotqooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupoqvÄĄoutupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kopvqqpw q qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopovttÄĄoptwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvppÄĄ

ǜžppxrrpq qu qMJ

opqutoÄĄoropqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovruqsÄĄoxoqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxqp(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqoprJ+qptqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

po O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqrtp pp (

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oorrrxJ+svqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;OT]oqorxqq q rMJ

owotqsÄĄporusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovttÄĄoqswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrpstwpr w sMJ

oxprsxÄĄpprpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopswtqÄĄorqorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqprvru pp rMJ

oporoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovowsoÄĄowsrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lssruso po qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqtpwpq qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqtpwpq v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opstpoJ+qoqtpoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS

JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqoouJ+qptqroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V

\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opstpoJ+qoqtpoS I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqoouJ+qptqroSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqoouJ+qptqroSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opstpoJ+qoqtpoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqoouJ+qptqroSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppqsoqJ+psrsstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opstpoJ+

qoqtpoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppqsoqJ+psrsstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opstpoJ+qoqtpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqoouJ+qptqroS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<ppqsoqJ+psrsstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovoxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppspooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?24


qrÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qvQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqvU\@O^.W[QqrOX[;qu U[ O[Lrp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ppqstxJ+psrvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optqov

oxprtwJ+xpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

psrvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<popwoqJ+spsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppqqqsv qu rMJ

rutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrpoÄĄovpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kopxptuo q qMJ

outursÄĄoxprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopswqoÄĄotrvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppposqsv qu rMJ

postqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqussÄĄpqpvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;wqtptq qo sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsqrtÄĄpopvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqstrpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxsr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrrpo\Oj[LoxstsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

pp O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvrv pq (

pqsvosJ+pwqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ppqstxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqprvpu q rMJ

\Oj[L<oxprtwJ+xpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpwrqJ+

QĂžTrptqtrw w sMJ

oxstsrÄĄppqussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxpvÄĄotqopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłsqprttu pp rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwpuÄĄorrxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxprsxÄĄ

U\Lssrvq po qMJ

postqoÄĄpprpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqooÄĄopqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^qqtptq v qMJ

ospppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqsutwJ+pwqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS

JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppqrquJ+psrtsoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppqstqJ+psrutoSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqsutwJ+pwqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppqrquJ+

psrtsoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqsutwJ+pwqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppqrquJ+psrtsoSI[+L[H9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppqstqJ+psrutoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppqstqJ+psrutoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxpsppJ+xpqrqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/ :[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppqstqJ+psrutoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pqsutwJ+pwqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxpsppJ+xpqrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppqrquJ+psrtsoSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowortxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoowrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqspoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovottrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?25


qs…OU[:txQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSqt…OU[:>[ŃqwQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pq5\ÑTutqO[+T[bJUqx…>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTqr…>Htvs…QcHqwU\@O^.W[QqsOX[;qv U[ O[Lrp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oxptpoJ+xpsuo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrsqs

ppqsqrJ+psrwqt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxptpoJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovpwtqJ+squso„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J„R[;Ñ]\HQ[J[L<

„@[T[9ppqurrpq qv rMJ

orpxovQbXŃbR[;\JLotrqpqġovprqs„Mj[-X[ġportswġ

O^Koqpxso q rMJ

oxprtoġoxtxro„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropqvġosrupx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pppptqqu qu rMJ

„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoot(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ovpwtqJ+squso„Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LíÊ„SOH]\Oj[L<

pq O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqrott pr (

xpsuo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„Wń[<owpsspJ+rusrsvt„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L

„OT]oqqrtx q rMJ

otrqspJ+qxtwsvt„Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ɛ[L-Q`HbR[;S[\Hopoqowġ

QþTrpttrpv w sMJ

opovru„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstpqġportsw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzsqprsqv pp rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrupxġoupppq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptrrxġoppxpt

U\Lssrvrq po qMJ

S[ȉwqtpptp qo sMJ „9H^qqtpptp v qMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<ppqspvJ+psrvsvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<popttqJ+ppsxpoSI[+L[H„QVS[\U

í\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9

„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxptoqJ+xpssoS I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppqspvJ+psrvsvtSI[+L[H„QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ppqspvJ+psrvsvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L< popttqJ+ppsxpoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< ppqspvJ+psrvsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<popttqJ+ppsxpoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxptoqJ+xpssoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H

Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovpwsuJ+squqtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxptoqJ+xpssoSI[+L[HM[MbR[; „J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppqspvJ+psrvsvtS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovpwsuJ+squqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<popttqJ+ppsxpoSI[+L[HXO[ \W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Loupstv„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowooos„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpoosso„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqppu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqrvou„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lossxoq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovoptv„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxpxop„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpprrox„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprpps„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orporp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxss„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď26


qtÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qxQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pr5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;>HtwP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqxU\@O^.W[QqtOX[;qwU[ O[Lrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovpxsrJ+sqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orpsst

\Oj[L<popuroJ+pptostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]\Oj[L<oxqwpuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<ouqwruJ+rqqouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oporsro p sMJ

oroorpJ+qrsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotrppuÄĄ

O^Koqrrpv q rMJ

oqswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosropqÄĄoupprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqsrÄĄ

ǜžppprqpp qu rMJ

posstxÄĄpprorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosortwÄĄotrtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqtwsp qo sMJ

owqwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowspqoÄĄpopuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoqv(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<otsqtrJ+oqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

pr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorrrtr ps (

xtqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<ovpxsrJ+sqwsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrrquo q sMJ

otsqtrJ+oqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

QĂžTrpuqpw w sMJ

ovpqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoworpxÄĄportqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovqvÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqprrpo pp rMJ

oxprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpwqsÄĄosortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Lssrww po qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoworpxÄĄowtsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsqsrÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qqtwsp v qMJ

popuqrÄĄpptpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqqvÄĄpoqvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<popussJ+pptpqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxqwowJ+xtqpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<popussJ+pptpqoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oxqwowJ+xtqpoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<popussJ+pptpqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otsqsvJ+oqwsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxqwowJ+xtqpoSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovpxruJ+sqwroSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]

Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otsqsvJ+oqwsvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovpxruJ+sqwroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<popussJ+pptpqoSI[+L[H

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otsqsvJ+oqwsvtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?27


quÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;roQK^W^KLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ps5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHroU\@O^.W[QquOX[;qxU[ O[Lrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<otsrqsJ+oroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortsrp

\Oj[L<oxqwsuJ+xtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<oxorttJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\9ǢÜQ[J[L<otorquJ+qwtoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqsqrtx q sMJ

J+pwspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsspqÄĄopovpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqstusu q sMJ

-X[ÄĄoqrqprÄĄosorpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqpouÄĄovpptq

ǜžpppspptx qu sMJ

oroprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotropxÄĄovotrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrust

S[Č&#x2030;wqttro qo sMJ

ÄĄotrsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louposx(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<osqxtvJ+tvrpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]

ps O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losruts pt (

wtupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGL[;\Oj[L<otsrqsJ+oroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqsrosw q sMJ

osqxtvJ+tvrpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<pqsstv

QĂžTrpusxpp x pMJ

O[bS[S[\HowqwqrÄĄposssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptsvÄĄopsussÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqprqt pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupptvÄĄoutvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquqoÄĄ

U\Lssrwtp po qMJ

ÄĄoupptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupptvÄĄovrvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosowtq

Â&#x201E;9H^qqttro v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxqwrvJ+xtrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otorpxJ+qwtovtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<oxospoJ+wtuttSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otorpxJ+qwtovtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxqwrvJ+

xtrqqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxospoJ+wtuttSI[+L[Hprtuw popqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxqwrvJ+xtrqqtSI[+L[H 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqwrvJ+xtrqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

osqxtoJ+tvrptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<oxospoJ+wtuttSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otsrpuJ+oroSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osqxtoJ+tvrptSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <otsrpuJ+oroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< osqxtoJ+tvrptSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxospoJ+

wtuttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouovouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?28


qvÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;q\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHq9[bTL.W[QqvOX[;ro U[ O[Lrp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqpqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<osroovJ+tvrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrstx

9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<oxosorJ+wturvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tvrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<osorqwJ+quqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pvtxrt r sMJ

\Oj[L<poswtoJ+prpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oxptpsJ+

O^Koqutou r pMJ

O[bS[S[\HovsrovÄĄoxprtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqxqsÄĄ

ǜžppptqptq qu sMJ

ovsrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptqvÄĄorpvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;wqtqpx qo sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoptroÄĄpptotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptotqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupppq(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<orsrsoJ+ttrvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;

pt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotsopx pu (

oxoutuJ+xuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGOO\Oj[L<osroovJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqtqwru q sMJ

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<orsrsoJ+ttrvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL

QĂžTrpvpvqv x pMJ

xqutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLouqoptÄĄoxsrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqprppp pp rMJ

ouqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovoxÄĄoptwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvsrÄĄ

U\Lssrxsp po qMJ

osrorvÄĄotqpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpvooÄĄosoqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^qqtqpx v qMJ

opqupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvtpÄĄoqsqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxospwJ+wtvptSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxoutoJ+xttqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspu pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxospwJ+wtvptSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<oxoutoJ+xttqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orsrrrJ+ttrvsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxoutoJ+xttqtSI[+L[H P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<oxospwJ+wtvptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orsrrrJ+

ttrvsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orsrrrJ+ttrvsoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxospwJ+wtvptSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<orsrrrJ+ttrvsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxoutoJ+xttqtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouorpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqoxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?29


qw…OU[:txQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSqx…OU[:>[Ńr\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pu5\ÑTutqO[+T[bJUr…OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTqv…>Htvs…QcHr9[bTL.W[QqwOX[;p SQ@[Lrp\X@S]>ŁLR[Ê[Ø]MSǶS[Q@jļ]-íjH`H]j[ Q^W\TQMSO.\@„S[@[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrppuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<orquttJ+tstwqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otpvqs

Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oxrxowJ+poqwtt„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[9SG…H\HT„O\LS

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

tstwqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;-\H;Ě\Oj[L<oxptqrJ+xqvpt

„@[T[9pqppxtx s sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqwqxġovpoqr„Mj[-X[ġporspoġopovop

O^Koqwsrpr r pMJ

„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLorrxtqġotqpsu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtt

Ƕ¾pppurpsx qu sMJ

oropsoġosrvpp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovosooġowrxrq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupprs(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LíÊ„S[\XG]\Oj[L<oxoussJ+xtrvt„Mj[I[+L[H

pu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lousrtx pv (

MS<orrpruJ+qtvsvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<orquttJ+

„OT]oququqp q sMJ

„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<owotrrJ+urstvt„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

QþTrpvstts x pMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtwopġoxprtt„Mj[-X[ġppqxsxġoqrpop

Ǐdzsqproqw pp rMJ

ġorrxtq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopstsrġoqrpop„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lsssorv po qMJ

9[TS[\Hpoqvrqġpptqqw„Mj[(

S[ȉwqstxx qo sMJ „9H^qqstxx v qMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<oxovooJ+xupvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<orquswJ+tstwtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­ „JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

oxrxqrJ+poqxrqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J

ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń O`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<orquswJ+tstwtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[

<[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oxovooJ+xupvtS

I[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxrxqrJ+poqxrqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqps

pupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L< oxovooJ+xupvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orquswJ+tstwtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orquswJ+tstwt SI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxovooJ+xupvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[

XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orquswJ+tstwtS

I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< oxrxqrJ+poqxrqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lottxps„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovssqo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxswtv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqotrs„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqqpqr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losrrpx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lousupr„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxorpv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpppvqt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opptrp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtssv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsoo„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď30


qxÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;s\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHs9[bTL.W[QqxOX[;q SQ@[Lrp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotropxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<orspowJ+ttrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoqsp pw 

9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxtvJ+qtttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ursqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<ovqosrJ+sstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qsqsru t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoooÄĄotqqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouprovÄĄoutwpx

O^Kporur r qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoutsÄĄoptvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpssvÄĄ

ǜžpppvspto qv pMJ

opquoqÄĄoropsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrvtrÄĄoxoqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupptv(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oxrwtwJ+poqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsvow pw (

orspowJ+ttrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<owotqpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqvqss r pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowoospÄĄporrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoutsÄĄoqswtw

QĂžTrpwpsrq x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprtvÄĄppqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstprÄĄorptrw

Ç?Çłsqpqxtw pp rMJ

opooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovorpuÄĄowrwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lssspso po qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqstttw qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqstttw v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxrxprJ+poqxvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<posqpqJ+prwtoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrxprJ+poqxvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posqpqJ+prwtoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<posqpqJ+prwtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<orspopJ+ttrttqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owotptJ+urspqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrxprJ+poqxvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orspopJ+ttrttqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<posqpqJ+prwtoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotttpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqoprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppprqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?31


roÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;t\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHt9[bTL.W[QroOX[;r SQ@[Lrp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osqttvJ+tvroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoqsp pw 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxrxJ+quqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<osqttvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<outxsoJ+rtssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpvprst u sMJ

orsoowÄĄotqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutwrvÄĄoxprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpqqwrs r qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxprtxÄĄposspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsrqÄĄ

ǜžpppwtptt qv pMJ

pptootÄĄopqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrwqrÄĄpopspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqqo(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<pospswJ+prvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsvow pw (

tvroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<ovqoppJ+ssrsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqwqpsu r pMJ

\JLotqusoÄĄovowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsqpvÄĄppqsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrpwsrqr x pMJ

opsssrÄĄotropxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptvtsÄĄorsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqpqxrx pp rMJ

pqptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposspsÄĄppqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lsssqto po qMJ

9[TS[\HoqspovÄĄosotsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqstqsv qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqstqsv v qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pospsoJ+prvroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<outxrqJ+rtsqqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<outxrqJ+rtsqqtSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pospsoJ+prvroSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pospsoJ+prvroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pospsoJ+prvroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osquppJ+ tvrpSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

ovqoorJ+ssrqvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pospsoJ+ prvroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<osquppJ+

tvrpSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ 

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppoxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?32


rp…OU[:txQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSp„@D>[Ńu\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]px5\ÑTutqO[+T[bJUu…OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTro…>Htvs…QcHu9[bTL.W[QrpOX[;sSQ@[Lrp \X@S]>ŁLVƊ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osqtquJ+tvqxvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loutpqp px 

pqprsuJ+putxtvt„Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osqtquJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

…H\HT\Oj[L<otrxpsJ+ortsvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;U_T\Oj[L<

„@[T[9qqxswrq v rMJ

I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtwrxġorprrsQbXŃbR[;\JL

O^Kpsqosr r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsptoġporroq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxprsvġ

Ƕ¾ppqoqs qv qMJ

osrvtrġouprts„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptpppġopptrp„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqsr(

VƊ]\Oj[L<otrxpsJ+ortsvt„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ]LíÊM^LO­W^\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howswqo px (

tvqxvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<ostwtsJ+qwtqsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]oqxpxqu r pMJ

outxoxJ+rtrqt„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě\Oj[L<ovoorsJ+rtxvt„Mj[

QþTrpxpqqs x pMJ

otqtsvġovowpq„Mj[-X[ġporroqġopourx„Mj[(

Ǐdzsqpqxrp pp rMJ

oxtwst„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroptqġosrvtr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lssssu po qMJ

S[ȉwqssxrv qo sMJ „9H^qqssxrv v qMJ

ǏdzO\¾5S[\JH/\Oj[L<owtotrJ+ wrqst

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<outxoqJ+rtrvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqpsopJ+pvortSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­

„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QV

\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<outxoqJ+rtrvtSI[+L[HO`V 99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH

\Oj[L<pqpsopJ+pvortSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ  9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<pqpsopJ+pvortSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<otrxqwJ+ oruqqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ

\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqpsopJ+pvortSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<otrxqwJ+oruqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrxqwJ+oruqqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[V M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<outxoqJ+rtrvtS

I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pqpsopJ+pvortSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ LíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otrxqwJ+

oruqqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotsvqv„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovrqrp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxrvow„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptrst„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqoxru„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losqprp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Loursqt„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owtprp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppotru„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporsr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsrop„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqpq„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď33


pÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;u\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qo5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x2026;>HtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHu9[bTL.W[QpÂ&#x201E;@DtSQ@[Lrp\X@S]

W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x2026;OU[:txQ[\S utqspx W[9TbWL J+sqrsvt <qqpwSWQj  >Ĺ LVĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvrsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otrwqpJ+orrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovsrpq qo 

<oqpqqtJ+qptwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otrwqp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@\Oj[L<ovpupuJ+ssoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpqposw w rMJ

I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLpqptptÄĄoqsxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpspw

O^Kpupqqt r rMJ

otqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoupuprÄĄovovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžppqppqpv qv qMJ

9^\T9S[\HovssosÄĄowqwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrvpuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqssuqu qo sMJ

oxoqrvÄĄpoqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprov(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<ovpupuJ+ssoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxsttu qo (

J+orrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ouqssvJ+rqqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]popvs r qMJ

outxsrJ+rtuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<ovpxroJ+sswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpxspru x pMJ

ÄĄowqwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtwpuÄĄorpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvswÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqpqxrt pp rMJ

oxspqrÄĄporqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtwswÄĄowtootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lssstqx po qMJ

poprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoprquÄĄppsxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qqssuqu v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpqsoJ+qptxqqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpqsoJ+

qptxqqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrwprJ+

orrptSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpqso J+qptxqqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpupoJ+ssoptSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otrwprJ+orrptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrwprJ+

orrptSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpupoJ+ssoptSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otrwprJ+orrptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpqsoJ+qptxqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovpupoJ+ssoptSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LospvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppopsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?34


qÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;v\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qp5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHv9[bTL.W[QqÂ&#x201E;@DuSQ@[Lrp\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;];Ăž[/Q[S@SQ

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqusoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovptosJ+srvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrvqp qp 

<osrptxJ+qvsxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovptos

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxoxtsJ+xqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqsqrr x rMJ

I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLorsorsÄĄoupssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kpwrrw r sMJ

orpqpvÄĄotqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqsosÄĄouptquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžppqqqqrr qv qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupssqÄĄoutxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtsrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqssrpu qo sMJ

ÄĄoupssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupssqÄĄovrwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoqsp

O^SH/Q[J[Louprro(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oxoxtsJ+xqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporwso qp (

J+srvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpotpJ+rututvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]pppsso r qMJ

ovpwpvJ+sstrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<ovtporJ+uxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqopotw x qMJ

outxroÄĄovsspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqwpvÄĄopsqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqpqxtp pp rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxsotuÄĄpqptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouptquÄĄovousx

U\Lsssutx po qMJ

oroqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqsosÄĄovooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrwqq

Â&#x201E;9H^qqssrpu v qMJ

ÄĄotqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<osrqprJ+qvtoqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S 9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<osrqprJ+qvtoqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV 99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Q[J[L<osrqprJ+qvtoqqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osrqprJ+qvtoqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<ovptpvJ+srwqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovptpvJ+srwqtSI[+L[H L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxoxsuJ+xquqqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovptpvJ+srwqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxoxsuJ+xquqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqopssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?35


rÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;w\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHw9[bTL.W[QrÂ&#x201E;@DvSQ@[Lrp \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WO-9S[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<oxowspJ+xqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrqqw qq 

OO\Oj[L<oxowspJ+xqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<pooxrpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<owqxquJ+vsvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9suqwpu po qMJ

S[\HouptouÄĄovssrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrqrÄĄpqtvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpxtspv r sMJ

otqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpprxÄĄortuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžppqrrqtr qv rMJ

9[TS[\HoppspvÄĄoqrwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprts(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Q[J[L<ovostpJ+rspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppquoq qq (

spttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<ovtopqJ+uvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqpqpt r qMJ

\JLovouowÄĄoxsorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpstrÄĄoqsxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTrqosorp x qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrqppÄĄotqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrqppÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqpropw pp rMJ

popqsoÄĄppsxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxoxÄĄopqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lssswrt po qMJ S[Č&#x2030;wqssot qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqssot v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ovossrJ+rsprstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Q[J[L<ovossrJ+rsprstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxowrrJ+xqrqoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovossrJ+rsprstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ppppqoJ+psrqqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxowrrJ+xqrqo SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppppqoJ+psrqqqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtootJ+uvpoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxowrrJ+xqrqoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovossrJ+rsprstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ppppqoJ+psrqqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrtrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosoxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osooqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?36


s„@DtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSt„@D>[Ńx\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qr5\ÑTutqO[+T[bJUpo…OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTr…OU[:tvs…QcHx9[bTL.W[Qs„@DwSQ@[Lrp \X@S]Ø]W]H[LOQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<ppoxtsJ+psqwsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoqvps qr 

1ġSN[ǵL]9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<ppoxtsJ+psqwsvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

owqwpuJ+vsssqt„Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<oxovowJ+xqrtt„Mj[

„@[T[9spwqxsv pp qMJ

ġpqpqrq„Mj[-X[ġopspsvġorppoq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

O^Kpppssqo s pMJ

9^\T9S[\Hopspsvġoqquqt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroqpsġ

Ƕ¾ppqssrpu qv rMJ

poqurqġpptopr„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupspw(

JUQ]LíÊM_O­N[ǵL]S[\H<oxspsqJ+soswpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqowqp qr (

\Oj[L<ooppotJ+svrsvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<

„OT]prxsw r qMJ

I[+L[HOÅ-Q`HbR[;\JLowswrrġporprw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpsop

QþTrqppops x qMJ

orttsoġossopw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxqpġorsotr„Mj[(

Ǐdzsqprotv pp rMJ

osrwtq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutxopġowrtso„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lsstopw po qMJ

S[ȉwqsruts qo sMJ „9H^qqsruts v qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L 1ǚS;H[S[Wš[HS[\H<oxsprtJ+sosvuoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxovooJ+xqrrtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oxovooJ+xqrrtSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[ „W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHS[\H<oxsprtJ+sosvuoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu pwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<pppoovJ+psqxqoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<oxsprtJ+sosvuoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[9[SO[S

„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚS[\H<oxsprtJ+sosvuoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<pppoovJ+psqxqoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owqwqxJ+vstptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pppoovJ+psqxqoSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[b=bJS[\H<oxsprtJ+sosvuoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[98j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxovooJ+xqrrtSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotrpsr„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovpusx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxqpqt„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprwop„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[optrtq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losotsv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Loupwsr„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owrtsu„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hposxts„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqswoo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqvpv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortuqx„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď37


tÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;po\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpo9[bTL.W[QtÂ&#x201E;@DxSQ@[Lrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxsoJ+pxroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqoto qs 

XĆ&#x161;[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxsoJ+pxroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

xqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<oxrvpvJ+pospqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9torpx pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsporÄĄosrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouptttÄĄovooqw

O^Kpprrrsp s qMJ

orsporÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrqsoÄĄotqspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqxrrÄĄ

ǜžppqttrsr qv rMJ

pqpqpuÄĄpqtuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutwqpÄĄowrtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqsrrss qo sMJ

oxoqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupssq(

I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ooproxJ+svppÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsuqs qs (

oqoupqJ+tptrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<oxottwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]psvpx r rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqprsÄĄovtuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxspÄĄpqpsrr

QĂžTrqpsow x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqpuÄĄoqqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqsxquÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqprpsv pp rMJ

oxtwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouppÄĄoptvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lsstqv po qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqtrqÄĄoroqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrxquÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qqsrrss v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oopropJ+svposoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooprop J+svposoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< oopropJ+svposoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oopropJ+ svposoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxrsJ+pxroSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxoupqJ+xqprtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxrsJ+pxroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< oopropJ+svposoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosoptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqssorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?38


uÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qt5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpp9[bTL.W[QuÂ&#x201E;@DpoSQ@[L rp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bQ[\XL]59[JU]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WOT\QH/ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtvrtJ+qsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqproo qt 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtvrtJ+qsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<orstqv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLovtttqÄĄppqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpqrttr pr pMJ

pqpqooÄĄopsottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqsqÄĄpqpsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpptqqpw s qMJ

opqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrsrxÄĄpoppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louptou(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<oqqxtqJ+tqtsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqppu qt (

J+tursqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<oxruouJ+porwqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]ptssx r rMJ

optvsxÄĄotqsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupuqoÄĄoxtwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrqqpopp x qMJ

9^\T9S[\HposrotÄĄppqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswrrÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqprqsx pp rMJ

oqruroÄĄortxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqvspr qv sMJ U\Lsstsr po qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqsrorr qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqsrorr v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oqroouJ+tqttqoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqroouJ+tqttqoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[

1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtvsxJ+qsqsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqroouJ+tqttqoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LS MS<oqtvsxJ+qsqsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtvsxJ+qsqsoSI[+L[H

M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxruqoJ+porwtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtvsxJ+qsqsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqroouJ+tqttqoS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovowtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?39


v„@DtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSw„@D>[Ńpq\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qu5\ÑTutqO[+T[bJUpr…OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTu…OU[:tvs…QcHpq9[bTL.W[Qv„@DppSQ@[L rp\X@S]M^dzbV[ġQdz\ëL]\M\MH9]ǚz[JU] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ Q[J[L<osquqvJ+qvsupqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oportu qu 

\>Ê[\Oj[L<osqtooJ+tvssrqt„Mj[I[+L[Hlj[H]9SGOO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<otopsrJ+txpuqo„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;

„@[T[9tqssvqq ps pMJ

orspqsġoupust„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovopowġoxpspt„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kppvpot s rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotpxtwġouppst„Mj[-X[ġoxrwtsġppqqqw

Ƕ¾ppqwpssu qv sMJ

oxtwrw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqrrġosrxrx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louptrp(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpxtw\Oj[Loxrwts„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optsor qu (

orsspwJ+tuoto„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<osquqvJ+qvsupqt

„OT]puqpw r rMJ

\W\ĭ\Oj[L<oxtqruJ+ppqprt„Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTrqqsoqr x qMJ

pqppstġoqqstr„Mj[-X[ġortrrwġotqqqr„Mj[

Ǐdzsqprsq pp rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrwtsġporosp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpsptġ

U\Lsstut po qMJ

osrxrxġoupust„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsxrsġoppqsu„Mj[(

S[ȉwqsqvqq qo sMJ „9H^qqsqvqq v qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L O[9;H[S[ÑbH½9Q[J[L<osqupxJ+qvsttqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<osqstqJ+tvsspqtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osqupxJ+

qvsttqtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<osqstqJ+tvsspqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH

XO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osqupxJ+qvsttqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <S W[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L -9S[\L\Oj[L<osqstqJ+tvsspqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqupxJ+qvsttqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqupxJ+ qvsttqtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtqtpJ+ppqqpqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqupxJ+qvsttqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<osqstqJ+tvsspqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovotoo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxoxrw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppqupt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opsqos„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[ortsoo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lououtt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owqrtx

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hporwot„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqrupp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqptqw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsssp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpttx„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď40


wÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpr9[bTL.W[QwÂ&#x201E;@DpqSQ@[L rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqprsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otqxopJ+roqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optsps qv 

<ottqsvJ+pqtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otootu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otsxtrJ+ppwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uvwrv pt pMJ

popxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsovÄĄoqsxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppwtutx s rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqtxÄĄotqprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoupporÄĄ

ǜžppqxqtqq qv sMJ

ovtssvÄĄowsurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovstsuÄĄowroorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqsqspq qo sMJ

ppswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxorpuÄĄpoqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupttt(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<osqspsJ+tvsqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqttp qv (

J+txpsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otqxopJ+roqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]putxss r sMJ

\Oj[L<oxtoqrJ+pppvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<oxqupuJ+

QĂžTrqrpost x qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoupvppÄĄowroorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqttswÄĄorowsp

Ç?Çłsqprtqu pp rMJ

ovoqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrwrpÄĄporoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lsstwps po qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrrspÄĄpopotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopotuÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qqsqspq v qMJ

ǜžO\ž/H/Q[J[L<otosruJ+ qxqrrqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ottqsoJ+pqtrvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottqsoJ+pqtrvtSI[+L[Hqs

uwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L Q[J[L<otqxpuJ+roqtpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[

J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ottqsoJ+pqtrvtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxquowJ+popxpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

ottqsoJ+pqtrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqxpuJ+roqtpqtSI[+L[H

W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxtopuJ+pppvsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otqxpuJ+roqtpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ottqsoJ+pqtrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovopotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oprwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouoqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HporsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orsosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?41


xÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ps\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHps9[bTL.W[QxÂ&#x201E;@DprSQ@[L rp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]LS\W+X>H^­JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqostO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ouoqouJ+rpsxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqssru qw 

\Oj[L<outospJ+rtqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ouovowJ+qrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upxsqpp pt sMJ

wpwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLorspsuÄĄoupvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpqosqtt s sMJ

-X[ÄĄorowovÄĄotqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpwqtÄĄoupoqq

ǜžooruq p pMJ

ovoqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupvruÄĄovopsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;wqsqpp qo sMJ

-X[ÄĄossopqÄĄoupvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupvruÄĄovsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuqo(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ottqqrJ+pqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqtvst qw (

otsxoxJ+pputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouoqouJ+rpsxpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pvtvpo r sMJ

\Oj[L<oxqttpJ+popwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<owrvpuJ+

QĂžTrqrsppv x rMJ

O[bS[S[\HovopsxÄĄovsuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvosÄĄoprxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqprvq pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrwoxÄĄpqprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupoqqÄĄ

U\Lstoqx po qMJ

opqtqtÄĄoroqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpwqtÄĄouttsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^qqsqpp v qMJ

-X[ÄĄortvtqÄĄotqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twsrtqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ottqpuJ+pqsrvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ouovqqJ+qspqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

outotuJ+rtrvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<

ouovqqJ+qspqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpo

pqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottqpuJ+pqsrvtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outotuJ+rtrvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outotuJ+rtrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ottqpuJ+pqsrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L< ouoqqoJ+rpsxsvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otsxqqJ+ppvqqtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ottqpuJ+pqsrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ Q[J[L<ouoqqoJ+rpsxsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outotuJ+rtrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxopsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpuou

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqovrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?42


poÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpt9[bTL.W[QpoÂ&#x201E;@DpsSQ@[L

rp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9^Q­@jÄź]Ă&#x2DC;]Q[KO]M_\G­Q[cOU[:]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O^Ä­M_\G­Q[ P;O[LO^Ä­S.\O­P[O\H\I Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SN^TbJ[T;bĹ&#x201E;Ç&#x2C6;S]M^@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxtwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<ouosprJ+rptuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorrttq qx 

\Oj[L<ovpwqrJ+trrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ottrsvJ+prqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqqxuo pu sMJ

tpvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLovopsrÄĄoxrvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpqqqvsv s sMJ

-X[ÄĄposqswÄĄpqttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrrtxÄĄotquoo

ǜžopsust p pMJ

ortpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopopwÄĄppsvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupust(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<outosoJ+rtqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orroto qx (

ouovouJ+qrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouosprJ+rptuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pwtsrs r sMJ

\Oj[L<owrvpsJ+wpwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<ovqrswJ+

QĂžTrqspptv x rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqprtqÄĄoqsxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupwoqÄĄovsupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqprwsx pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrrtxÄĄotquooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorovrtÄĄ

U\Lstqto po qMJ

ppsvtpÄĄopqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopppssÄĄoqrsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqspvto qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqspvto v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<outorqJ+rtqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovpwpuJ+trpvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<ouosqwJ+rptutvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L

9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outorqJ+

rtqvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpwpuJ+trpvtSI[+L[Hpqsuw

poppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outorq J+rtqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouosqwJ+rptutvtS

I[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpwpuJ+trpvtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outorqJ+rtqvtSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ouosqwJ+rptutvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ououtxJ+qrptS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outorqJ+

rtqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouosqwJ+rptutvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovpwpuJ+trpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotttovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqpp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqorspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otosppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?43


ppÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ro5\Ă&#x2018;TutqO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpu9[bTL.W[QppÂ&#x201E;@DptSQ@[L rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<otrtsuJ+rosvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losqwsw ro 

<ovputuJ+tpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ottrsuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otportJ+txsttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vptrrps pv sMJ

I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLowstqpÄĄpoqxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpsrx

O^Kpqspprp t pMJ

ortpotÄĄosrtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtoorÄĄorsqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqtvro p pMJ

ossosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutsrwÄĄowrqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvpp(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ovpwqqJ+trrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osoupt ro (

prqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otrtsuJ+rosvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pxtptu r sMJ

ovqrsvJ+tpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<otsutuJ+ppustÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqssqsu x rMJ

ÄĄpqpotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwtvÄĄorovoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

Ç?Çłsqpsosv pp rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprwtvÄĄoqqrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLororotÄĄ

U\Lsttpv po qMJ

poqupsÄĄppswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqspsso qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqspsso v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovpwrvJ+tspoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovputoJ+tproSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ottrrxJ+prpstSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[

O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpwrvJ+tspo

SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovputoJ+tproSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspu pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpwrvJ+tspoSI[+L[H>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovqsoqJ+tpvsqtSI[+L[HTX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otrtsoJ+rosusvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovputoJ+tproSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otrtsoJ+rosusvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otrtsoJ+

rosusvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottrrxJ+prpstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

\Oj[L<ovpwrvJ+tspoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otrtsoJ+rosusvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovputoJ+tproSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowpu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otooptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?44


pqÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpv9[bTL.W[QpqÂ&#x201E;@DpuSQ@[Lrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwqtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osrwrqJ+qwqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqrtv p 

ouswroJ+rtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otport

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@\Oj[L<osoooqJ+tutpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqwtqpu pw sMJ

I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotpupsÄĄovtqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvovÄĄ

O^Kpqttso t pMJ

ovoqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqporxÄĄoqqqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžoswpw p qMJ

owroswÄĄoxtwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopottoÄĄoptwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqsppqx qo sMJ

owrptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtqsÄĄororpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvru(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<ovputuJ+tpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osstpq p (

J+txsttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<osrwrqJ+qwqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pposxpv s pMJ

otsvpwJ+ppvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<orswowJ+tuqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqtprss x rMJ

pqprrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqqqÄĄosrsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupwtsÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqpsqtv pp rMJ

oqtoppÄĄorsqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrsrqÄĄotqusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lstvtp po qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqporxÄĄpqtsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutsosÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qqsppqx v qMJ

ovspqoÄĄoxorsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovpvpoJ+tqqoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ouswstJ+rtrqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otsvpoJ+ppvqoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L 9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovpvpoJ+tqqoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpvpoJ+tqqo SI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouswstJ+rtrqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osrwqtJ+

qwqtqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osrwqtJ+qwqtqvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otsvpoJ+ppvqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT

/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovpvpoJ+tqqoS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<

osrwqtJ+qwqtqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoustqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotsvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opttsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?45


pr„@DtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSps„@D>[Ńpw\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]q„QutqO[+T[bJUpx…OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTpq…OU[:tvs…QcHpw9[bTL.W[Qpr„@DpvSQ@[Lrp \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ „O\LSMS<orptsuJ+qtort„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louqpqw q 

\Oj[L<ottvqtJ+psuqt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġS[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqqtssJ+tqtvpqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;

„@[T[9wpqquru px sMJ

torwrt„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;\JLovtqpwġppqppw„Mj[

O^Kpqvrtpo t qMJ

-X[ġpqpoqvġoprwps„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqppwġpqprrs

Ƕ¾otpxpo p qMJ

opqtqs„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrpqxġpooxqv„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwoq(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LíÊQ_T[\Oj[L<ousxpsJ+rtspt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otqwsw q (

osooqtJ+tutqpqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„O\LSMS<orptsuJ+qtort

„OT]pppsurv s pMJ

W[K½\Oj[L<orswrpJ+tuqqqvt„Mj[I[+L[HǶP\Oj[L<opropvJ+

QþTrqtsstp x rMJ

-X[ġoptwosġotqvot„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpxqoġoxtwsv„Mj[

Ǐdzsqpstpv pp rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposqsoġppqurs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvquġ

U\Lstporp po qMJ

oqrrotġorttqr„Mj[(

S[ȉwqswpw qo sMJ „9H^qqswpw v qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<ousxowJ+rtruoSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<ottvpwJ+psuvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­ Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9„W+S

\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousxowJ+rtruo SI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqrtvxpppqpspu pwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ousxowJ+rtruoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH \Oj[L<ottvpwJ+psuvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ousxowJ+rtruoSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ottvpwJ+psuvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ottvpwJ+psuvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<orptrxJ+qtopvtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VQX[Jó[„J[V

M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousxow

J+rtruoSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<orptrxJ+qtopvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottvpwJ+psuvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louspqu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowsuor„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppoqrx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oppwqx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orroqt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotsrpx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owooqs

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpopsrp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqpqrv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/optptr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqpot„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqqs„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď46


ps„@DtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSpt„@D>[Ńpx\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]r„QutqO[+T[bJUqo…OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTpr…OU[:tvs…QcHpx9[bTL.W[Qps„@DpwSQ@[Lrp \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotputvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ „O\LSMS<oprpqtJ+qospqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovqosw r 

1ġS[V[i[\Oj[L<ossvpsJ+twtqrvt„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SGO[TO

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

swprso„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;Ƕ¾S[\H<potttrJ+sspqrt„Mj[

„@[T[9wqupto qo sMJ

ġoxptop„Mj[-X[ġpqpopuġoqqpsq„Mj[-X[ġorsxpxġ

O^Kpqxpsts t qMJ

oxruqxġppqpox„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxruqxġpoqwsx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ouros p qMJ

ossprx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossprxġoupxsu„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwqw(

I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<ottwpoJ+pswpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loupvto s (

„O\LSMS<oprpqtJ+qospqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<oorprxJ+

„OT]ppqsrtt s pMJ

I[+L[HÓƬ-Q`HbR[;\JLorsqsvġoupxsu„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovorrt

QþTrqupuu x rMJ

otputv„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotpstpġouovpp„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzsqpsvsx pp rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoxptopġoxtwto„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLororrrġ

U\Lstprpw po qMJ

ppswqqġopporo„Mj[(

S[ȉwqstw qo sMJ „9H^qqstw v qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<ottworJ+psvuoSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<oprppvJ+qosptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U

…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L

<ossvowJ+twtqqqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[

<[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottworJ+psvuoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<oprppvJ+qosptSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ottworJ+psvuoS

I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ossvowJ+twtqqqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

ottworJ+psvuoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ossvowJ+twtqqqt SI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ottworJ+psvuoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oprppvJ+qosptSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottworJ+psvuoS

I[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LS MS<oprppvJ+qosptSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

ossvowJ+twtqqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lourvro„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowsqou„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpotwsq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oppsrq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orquqx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotrxqr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtuqw

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpoport„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqowsp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsvtv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpvox„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswqx„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď47


ptÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qo\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqo9[bTL.W[QptÂ&#x201E;@DpxSQ@[Lrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpupsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ppqxorJ+ptrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqoru s 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<osswopJ+twtsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ppqxorJ+ptrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<poqqqwJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpoptqv qq pMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoxptJ+rvpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Kqotrt t rMJ

pqtrtoÄĄorotoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswsuÄĄotpupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžovspp p rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtpqsÄĄowsrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsvspÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqsptv qo sMJ

poowtvÄĄppsvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxosprÄĄpoquprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwts(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<oxpqtwJ+xtwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovpqqw t (

I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<orqqsqJ+ttqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;OT]pprsppq s qMJ

sqtosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxpqtwJ+xtwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

QĂžTrqusvqx x sMJ

pqprqsÄĄoqtorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqoprÄĄowrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqptorp pp rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouourtÄĄoutwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrupqÄĄpoqwru

U\Lstpupo po qMJ

owrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrosqÄĄpoowtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qqsptv v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<orqqrtJ+ttqqrvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppqxpvJ+ptrvstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orqqrt J+ttqqrvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

orqqrtJ+ttqqrvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxpqtpJ+xtwpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppqxpvJ+ptrvstS I[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxpqtpJ+xtwpvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

ppqxpvJ+ptrvstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orqqrtJ+ttqqrvtSI[+L[H XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxpqtpJ+xtwpvt

SI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HL X[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opporvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtqrq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opssoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orprpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osssrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?48


puÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqp9[bTL.W[QpuÂ&#x201E;@DqoSQ@[Lrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptrqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxpsovJ+popqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxpwtu t 

opswqwJ+tpqwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxpsov

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ousxorJ+soqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Q[J[L<otpqtt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqsqtqo qr pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovospxÄĄovsvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqupuÄĄoprvpt

O^Kqqqxru t rMJ

ououopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtttÄĄpqprqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžowtpuo p rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqtroÄĄorortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotprrqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqrtwsu qo sMJ

ovsqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrsoÄĄotptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxqo(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<ousxorJ+soqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowppsx u (

J+popqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqroJ+rvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]ppsrwqw s qMJ

J+qxtwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLorsrpsÄĄouqoso

QĂžTrqvpxp x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorosrsÄĄotptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotprrqÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqptrqt pp rMJ

ououopÄĄoutwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqosoÄĄovospxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lstpxx po qMJ

outptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossqpuÄĄouqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqosoÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qqrtwsu v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otprpoJ+qxtxtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<opswqoJ+tpqwrqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxpsooJ+poppoS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otprpoJ+qxtxtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqt

qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opswqoJ+tpqwrqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxpsooJ+poppoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<oxpsooJ+poppoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousxpvJ+sottSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxpsooJ+poppoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ousxpvJ+sottSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpototqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opouspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovswru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpooqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqoosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?49


pvÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqq9[bTL.W[QpvÂ&#x201E;@DqpSQ@[Lrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpstpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<outoprJ+srptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoprtv u 

ooowtoJ+svqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGOO\Oj[L<outopr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osqprqJ+tvtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Â&#x201E;@[T[9powsprt qs pMJ

oxrtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprpvÄĄoqtotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqpovÄĄ

O^Kqssqp t sMJ

osruopÄĄotqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosruopÄĄotqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoporq p sMJ

ppsvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvopÄĄopqtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxsu(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<osqprqJ+tvtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxpspp v (

J+srptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otruosJ+rotvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pptrtsq s qMJ

MS<oqpppsJ+qqqtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLoutwooÄĄ

QĂžTrqvtoso x sMJ

ovswpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqrvÄĄpqtrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsqptuqx pp rMJ

9^\T9S[\HorosouÄĄorsvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoowqxÄĄ

U\Lstqqpr po qMJ

opoxsqÄĄoqrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqrttru qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrttru v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oooxorJ+svqptqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outoovJ+squoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oooxor J+svqptqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oooxorJ+svqptqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outoovJ+squoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L

<oooxorJ+svqptqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outoovJ+squoSI[+L[HL[\S9L :[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<osqpqtJ+tvtqsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

outoovJ+squoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<oooxorJ+svqptqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osqpqtJ+tvtqsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovssso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orotqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?50


pwÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qs\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqs9[bTL.W[QpwÂ&#x201E;@DqqSQ@[Lrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<osqqqqJ+tvttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpposrr v 

<poqxrtJ+srprpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qssxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<optsqsJ+tpsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqrosu qt pMJ

owostqJ+vpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLowsqsuÄĄ

O^Kqtrvpo t sMJ

ororsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsvpoÄĄosrospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžopppsv p sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorosptÄĄossqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutotwÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqopr(

LOQ]\Oj[L<optsqsJ+tpsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJS[\H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpopvrv w (

osqqqqJ+tvttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orowpqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ppurqtt s qMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ppovssJ+psswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

QĂžTrqwqqqw x sMJ

poqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxptruÄĄpqoxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprurxÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqptxsr pp rMJ

\JLoqtpouÄĄorsrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprurxÄĄoqqooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lstqtqs po qMJ

owqxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqupwÄĄppsvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqrtqqt qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrtqqt v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[S[\H<poqxqwJ+srpqttSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[

L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppovrvJ+psswpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ S[\H<poqxqwJ+srpqttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poqxqwJ+srpqttS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poqxqwJ+srpqttSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<poqxqwJ+srpqttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<optspvJ+tpsuqvtS I[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppovrvJ+psswpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<

poqxqwJ+srpqttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L <optspvJ+tpsuqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovsosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oropqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?51


pxÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqt9[bTL.W[QpxÂ&#x201E;@DqrSQ@[Lrp \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@@[Q[H^T\OJ[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprrqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<pprqsqJ+sttqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptosp w 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pqsrpuJ+pwswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

vptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<otowrtJ+txtrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppvpxqq qu qMJ

pqprprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrtwÄĄosrurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqopÄĄ

O^Kqvvtv u pMJ

oqtppuÄĄorsrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrurxÄĄotqxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžopqqtps p sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqoxroÄĄpqtqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutoroÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqrsxps qo sMJ

ovsrqwÄĄoxostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqoso(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtssoJ+rxpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqosp x (

pprqsqJ+sttqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<owotsqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ppvrov s rMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotppsqÄĄovsxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtoxÄĄ

QĂžTrqwtsqq x sMJ

ovotqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxroÄĄoqpxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsqqrx pp rMJ

owrqqoÄĄoxtxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopottsÄĄoptwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lstqwso po qMJ

owqxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtrxÄĄorosqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qqrsxps v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtsrqJ+rxpvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owottvJ+vptrvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtsrqJ+rxpvt SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtsrqJ+ rxpvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

pprqrtJ+sttqpqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owottvJ+vptrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtsrqJ+rxpvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H <pprqrtJ+sttqpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orouswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?52


qoÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqu9[bTL.W[QqoÂ&#x201E;@DqsSQ@[Lrp \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]-MS[@Tž]h[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<oxqpotJ+soqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqrrov x 

9SGOO\Oj[L<poqttrJ+prutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<otoxqvJ+txttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqprrtq qv qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovsxqsÄĄppqoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptwsqÄĄotqxsr

O^Kqwrurp u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoquÄĄpqprppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposqrxÄĄ

ǜžoprruqr q pMJ

owqwtwÄĄpoovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqropwÄĄortpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpov(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Q[J[L<ovqxowJ+rtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqqsx po (

oxqpotJ+soqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owpxtsJ+vtrpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwqvpw s rMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<oqqpqoJ+tqtutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL

QĂžTrqxquqt x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqqxÄĄoxtxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxqrÄĄopruou

Ç?Çłsqqust pp rMJ

ppquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsuswÄĄopqtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lstrqq po qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqrsus qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrsus v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovqxopJ+rtsssqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<oxqotvJ+soqsrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqtstJ+prurqt SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ S[\H<oxqotvJ+soqsrqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpv pxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovqxopJ+rtsssqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovqxopJ+rtsssqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<oxqotvJ+soqsrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxqotvJ+

soqsrqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poqtstJ+prurqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqxopJ+rtsssqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqotvJ+soqsrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouprtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LportowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqtotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotptsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovrqtr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?53


qp„@DtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSqq„@D>[Ńqv\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]po„QutqO[+T[bJUqv…OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTqo…OU[:tvs…QcHqv9[bTL.W[Qqp„@DqtSQ@[Lrp \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqpwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ Q[J[L<ovqrrqJ+rtrqqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opproo

-\LjL]Q[J[L<oupvsoJ+rqsvsqt„Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG„9gTO

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

rtrqqqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ourppxJ+rqrpo„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

„@[T[9otsotw p qMJ

\JLorssqwġouqqtu„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovoupsġoxpuou„Mj[

O^Kqpoqsr u qMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotportġouorqs„Mj[-X[ġoxrssqġppqoqp

Ƕ¾opssvrt q pMJ

oxtxqs„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorostpġossrts„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqprs(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotport\Oj[Loxrssq„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ

po O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[opqsov pp (

\Oj[L<owqoqtJ+vtsrt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<ovqrrqJ+

„OT]ppxqsqw s rMJ

„R[;„U[PLS[\H<ppsvosJ+surppqt„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;

QþTrqxtwrt x sMJ

-X[ġpqoxpuġoqpxow„Mj[-X[ġorstsrġotpqpw„Mj[

Ǐdzsqqporq pp rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrssqġpoqvrp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpuouġ

U\Lstrtro po qMJ

ossrtsġouqqtu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsvrvġopowsv„Mj[(

S[ȉwqrsqtr qo sMJ „9H^qqrsqtr v qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[@ʼnQ[J[L<oupvrqJ+rqsvqqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<oupvrq

J+rqsvqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L< oupvrqJ+rqsvqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovqrqsJ+rtrqqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ

8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovqrqsJ+rtrqqtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ

LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqosoJ+ vttpqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<oupvrqJ+rqsvqqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqrqsJ+rtrqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louoxtw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowpsrs„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lporppq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsvop„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqtwtw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotpptq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovqwtu„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxsroq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppspox„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqoqu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsxrw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqotu„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď54


qqÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqw9[bTL.W[QqqÂ&#x201E;@DquSQ@[Lrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppsqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otstotJ+rpqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optpss

9SG;S\Oj[L<ourptqJ+rqsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;S[\H<oxqxooJ+sosvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opxrvsq q qMJ

owrrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqqrÄĄoroqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstpuÄĄ

O^Kqppquqr u qMJ

oxrsroÄĄpoqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovswsrÄĄowspruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopttwsx q pMJ

poovrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovrrÄĄppsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqop(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Q[J[L<otqsrrJ+roruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

pp O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqtpp pq (

otstotJ+rpqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otorsoJ+txstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqoqprv s sMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprpoÄĄoqtptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqrqsÄĄ

QĂžTsorotq po pMJ

otppsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouoqtuÄĄoutttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqqpsqx pp rMJ

9^\T9S[\HovsxtoÄĄowrrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwqrÄĄ

U\Lstrxs po qMJ

oxotqxÄĄpoqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqrrxsq qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrrxsq v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<otqssvJ+rorutoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otortsJ+txstttSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otorts J+txstttSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otqssvJ+rorutoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otqssvJ+rorutoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otqssvJ+rorutoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otsstwJ+ rpqvpvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ourqovJ+rqtpoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otsstwJ+rpqvpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LououopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowporxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqttopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotovtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?55


qrÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qx\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqx9[bTL.W[QqrÂ&#x201E;@DqvSQ@[Lrp \X@S]W[\OĂ&#x160;]>H^­JU]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbO9JS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osqxqoJ+qwpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrosp

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otospsJ+txsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<ovqxspJ+rttoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9prqprx r rMJ

ovtopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqtttÄĄoprtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoropspÄĄ

O^Kqpqsvqo u qMJ

oxrspwÄĄpqprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoqqxÄĄouttquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopvpou q qMJ

orotpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotoxrqÄĄouswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosssrs

S[Č&#x2030;wqrrurq qo sMJ

ÄĄotppowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqqx(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L<ostsrpJ+qxqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

pq O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorqurs pr (

osqxqoJ+qwpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<osootqJ+tvxrt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqppwst s sMJ

K`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLorstooÄĄouqrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovopÄĄ

QĂžTsprpv po pMJ

otppowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotoxrqÄĄouoqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqqpwru pp rMJ

9^\T9S[\HouqrtqÄĄovovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqttxÄĄ

U\Lstsqss po qMJ

ÄĄouqrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqrtqÄĄovsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortops

Â&#x201E;9H^qqrrurq v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ostsstJ+qxqrqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Q[J[L<osqxpqJ+qwpxpoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ostsstJ+ qxqrqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ostsstJ+qxqrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<osqxpqJ+qwpxpoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Q[J[L<osqxpqJ+qwpxpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ostsstJ+qxqrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouoqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowousrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqrxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotosopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovqpot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqspsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?56


qsÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ro\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHro9[bTL.W[QqsÂ&#x201E;@DqwSQ@[Lrp \X@S].\@Â&#x201E;Qg\L Q^SO^S\Jj[\XL[\L NT[X[S]9[\T9[M^@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotportO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrxtqJ+qupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orppox

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<osopovJ+tvpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HQ[J[L<ottqqoJ+rpswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pputpr s rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqspxÄĄovtoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqtoÄĄpqtqot

O^Kqpstqr u rMJ

ÄĄotrppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoropqoÄĄorssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžopwqpqt q qMJ

9[TS[\HopowpsÄĄoqqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqtu(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Q[J[L<ostosuJ+qxpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

pr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losqwrv ps (

orrxtqJ+qupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<orquppJ+ttsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqqpttp s sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouttosÄĄoxrsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprppÄĄoqtqpt

QĂžTsprtsw po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrwpvÄĄotrppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrwpv

Ç?Çłsqqqqts pp rMJ

poovpuÄĄppsuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsuspÄĄopquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lstsuqx po qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqrrrqp qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrrrqp v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ostpopJ+qxpstvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ostpop J+qxpstvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsoouJ+qupvsoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ostpopJ+

qxpstvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsoouJ+qupvsoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ( Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsoouJ+qupvsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ostpopJ+qxpstvtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowoqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opowrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?57


qtÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:txP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHp/=[.W[QqtÂ&#x201E;@DqxSQ@[Lrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpxtuJ+qtqwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortspx

.Ă?­[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpxtuJ+qtqwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qwstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLowsotrÄĄpoqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qostr t rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorssopÄĄosqvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtqqvÄĄ

O^Kqptqopx u rMJ

orotssÄĄosstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLouswotÄĄowqvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrqs(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<otpuprJ+ropxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

ps O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotrpoo pt (

<orqpstJ+ttrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TQ[J[L<osrwsv

Â&#x201E;OT]pqrpqtv s sMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxputpÄĄpqowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprstvÄĄoropooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTsqwqv po pMJ

orstrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprstvÄĄoqpvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsqqqvqp pp rMJ

9[TS[\HpoqustÄĄppsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopxrqsu q qMJ U\Lsttoqo po qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqrropo qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrropo v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otpuouJ+ropwtqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

otpuouJ+ropwtqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqopqJ+qtqxvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otpuouJ+ropwtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqopqJ+qtqxvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqopq J+qtqxvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqopqJ+qtqxvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otpuouJ+ropwtqtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

pqrppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovprpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HoxqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osotprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?58


qu„@DtxQ[\S„T/M[9M[uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSqv„@D>[ŃqO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pt„QutqO[+T[bJUp„@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTqt…OU[:tvs…QcHq/=[.W[Qqu„@DpSQ@[Lrp\X@S] Q^W\TQMSO.\@„S[@[

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ „O\LSMS<orrpooJ+qttvpt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossotw

M^LO­W^9SG„9gTO„O\LSMS<orrpooJ+qttvpt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

orsxqqJ+qusrpo„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotowouġ

„@[T[9qprqtx u qMJ

osrwtw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqtptġovowpq„Mj[-X[ġpqowtqġ

O^Kqpurptt u rMJ

osrwtwġotrqou„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howrsouġpooooo„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqossx q rMJ

pqtpsx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousvssġowqvqr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrtq(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LíÊ.Í­[Q[J[L<ouppttJ+rqrxrqt„Mj[I[+L[H

pt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lourqsq pu (

\Oj[L<orswpvJ+tusprt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;;Ě„O\LSMS<

„OT]pqspoq t pMJ

ovsvrq„Mj[-X[ġoxrrsxġpqprpt„Mj[-X[ġorstsxġ

QþTsqsppq po pMJ

oqpvsr„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoqtqsoġorstsx„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzsqqrptx pp rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopouqrġoptxrq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqowtqġ

U\Lsttspv po qMJ

opqupxġorottw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hovstsvġoxoupx„Mj[(

S[ȉwqrquuo qo sMJ „9H^qqrquuo v qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ouppswJ+rqrxptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHQ[J[L<ouppswJ+ rqrxptSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS „íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<orrotsJ+qttuuoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouppswJ+rqrxptSI[+L[H

\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<orrotsJ+qttuuoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(„O\LSMS<orrotsJ+qttuuoS I[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouppswJ+

rqrxptSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lottopw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovtstu„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpopprr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqvqq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqrxpw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lostqpr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovoxpv„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxqrqs„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppqpro„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoosv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxtw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoppv„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď59


qvÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;rO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHr/=[.W[QqvÂ&#x201E;@DqU[7j[Trp\X@S] SĹŚ[H`H]j[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxoqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<ospqspJ+qvsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otrpqo

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orsvtoJ+tusoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsqvJ+qtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqtsttx v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqtsrÄĄpooooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowsxÄĄoprsrt

O^Kqpvrxtw u sMJ

ppqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsuspÄĄopququÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqspx(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Q[J[L<ovrvrqJ+rupssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

pu O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrqor pv (

ospqspJ+qvsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osssssJ+txrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqtvu t pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvpuÄĄppqootÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptxsqÄĄotrqro

QĂžTsrpss po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqootÄĄpqprpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposroqÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqqrusv pp rMJ

owqvpoÄĄpooutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqwpqÄĄorswrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqpttrt q rMJ U\Lsttwpx po qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqrqrsx qo sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrqrsx v qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqssqJ+qtsqrvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovrvqsJ+rupsqqtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqssqJ+ qtsqrvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpv

pwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovrvqsJ+rupsqqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ospqrsJ+

qvsqpvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovrvqsJ+rupsqqtS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovrvqsJ+rupsqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ospqrsJ+qvsqpvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqssqJ+qtsqrvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ospqrsJ+

qvsqpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L< ovrvqsJ+rupsqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoovrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqqrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosswpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovotqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxpxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqquorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?60


qw„@DtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSqx„@D>[ŃsO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pv„QutqO[+T[bJUr„@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTqv…OU[:tvs…QcHs/=[.W[Qqw„@DrU[7j[Trp\X@S] 1Q[>H^I­]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowrrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ Q[J[L<otqqtoJ+rorwuo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqstq pw 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ossrtuJ+txpst„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<otqqto

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

O[TO„R[;ǝO„O\LSMS<orqqpsJ+qtrvro„Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H

„@[T[9rwptpx w qMJ

oxpvqw„Mj[-X[ġpqowsvġoqpvpt„Mj[-X[ġorsqtsġ

O^Kqpwsspr u sMJ

oxrrrrġppqoos„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrrrġpoqusx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqrvq q rMJ

ossupw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossupwġouqupo„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqssv(

MčQ]LíÊM^V½[S[\H<oxrorpJ+sotwpqt„Mj[I[+L[H-bƂV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqvqs pw (

J+rorwuo„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ouovsxJ+qrqqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]pqusx t pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsuqrġouqupo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovoxooġ

QþTsrsvr po qMJ

otowrr„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotovpsġouooro„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzsqqspss pp rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoxpvqwġpooopw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorouquġ

U\Lsuqqu po qMJ

ppsvqqġopovso„Mj[(

S[ȉwqrqorw qo sMJ „9H^qqrqorw v qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\QÊS[\H<oxrossJ+sotwstSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ \QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHS[\H<oxrossJ+

sotwstSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<otqqsrJ+

rorwsqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<oxrossJ+sotwstSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqqsrJ+ rorwsqtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<orqqouJ+

qtrvpoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otqqsrJ+rorwsqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxrossJ+sotwstSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotsqqv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovsvos„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoorso„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpxrp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqrpqu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Losssqo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovopqs„Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\Hoxptrq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppprrv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqtqts„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqou„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortrqt„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď61


qxÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;tO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] pwÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHt/=[.W[QqxÂ&#x201E;@DsU[7j[Trp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<outvouJ+rsrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqstq pw 

\Oj[L<ouousqJ+qqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<outvouJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrwstJ+qupxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqorrx x qMJ

owrstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtprpÄĄoqtxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqrsÄĄ

O^Kqpxssqu u sMJ

oxrrquÄĄpoqustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsuswÄĄowsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqspwrq q sMJ

poousuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoousuÄĄppsussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtpt(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[S[\H<ppsttoJ+survroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqvqs pw (

rsrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovtptoJ+utrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pqvppp t qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprqsÄĄoqtrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqurwÄĄ

QĂžTssqow po qMJ

otowouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouoopoÄĄoutrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqqsutq pp rMJ

9^\T9S[\HovtqpoÄĄowrstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqusvÄĄ

U\Lsuurx po qMJ

oxovooÄĄpoqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqrpvqw qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrpvqw v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<ppsuotJ+surwvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<ppsuotJ+surwvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

ppsuotJ+surwvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<oututxJ+rsrtqqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppsuotJ+surwvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oututxJ+ rsrtqqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouourtJ+qqxqqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<oututxJ+rsrtqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<ppsuotJ+surwvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Loutvqx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppoxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?62


roÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] pxÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[QroÂ&#x201E;@DtU[7j[Trp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owswqoJ+rxpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovqopu px 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovtoqqJ+usxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qvrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLorsutwÄĄouqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqsqpq po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxrrÄĄotovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotouqwÄĄ

O^Kqqosopx v pMJ

ottxtoÄĄoutrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqvouÄĄovoxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqtros q sMJ

ousurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvopÄĄouqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqvouÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtsr(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<oqpurxJ+tqtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpvrw px (

owswqoJ+rxpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L<osoxspJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqvtwpr t qMJ

O[bS[S[\HovoxswÄĄovtqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquopÄĄoprsow

QĂžTsstrqo po qMJ

ottxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqoÄĄpqprqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsqqtqx pp rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqutpÄĄoroutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotouqwÄĄ

U\Lsupotv po qMJ

ovsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvrtÄĄotovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqrpspv qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrpspv v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oqpurpJ+tqtuqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oqpurpJ+tqtuqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqpurpJ+tqtuqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owswrtJ+rxptpvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owswrtJ+rxptpvtSI[+L[HH[T :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovtoruJ+ utoqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owswrtJ+ rxptpvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oqpurpJ+tqtuqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxttswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqpprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosruqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Loutrrr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqstorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orstrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?63


rpÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;vO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHv/=[.W[QrpÂ&#x201E;@DuU[7j[Trp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<poswprJ+ssptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowpuop qo 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<oxsvqqJ+ppsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qxptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqtwÄĄoxrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spsstrw pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄposrquÄĄpqtpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossospÄĄotrsov

O^Kqqprprv v pMJ

orsptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoourxÄĄppsutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqupo(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ostrptJ+txqwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpooqrs qo (

<poswprJ+ssptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<osswprJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqwttpr t qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqprrqÄĄoqtrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqvrrÄĄovtqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTstqurw po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossospÄĄotrsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtxpwÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqqtvrt pp rMJ

ppsutoÄĄopqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovqpÄĄoqqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqusprw r pMJ U\Lsuptqo po qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqrppu qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrppu v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ostrroJ+txqxqoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ostrroJ+txqxqoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poswqwJ+ssptttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ostrroJ+txqxqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<poswqwJ+ssptttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ostrroJ+txqxqoSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poswqwJ+ssptttSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxsvpuJ+ppsqttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poswqwJ+ssptttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostrroJ+txqxqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lousxrv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxorsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppoptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqspovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?64


rqÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;wO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvsÂ&#x2026;QcHw/=[.W[QrqÂ&#x201E;@DvU[7j[Trp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoutoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<oosvoqJ+sxprtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxpoto qp 

\Oj[L<ovqurxJ+ttquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ppsvrx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<otqvqwJ+rotsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9squsuts pq pMJ

pqowsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrtsÄĄoqtxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Kqqqpws v pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprrtsÄĄoqpuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorovqvÄĄ

ǜžoqvtrps r pMJ

poqvrsÄĄppsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqurw(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ostqpqJ+txqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hposqsr qp (

J+pusssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oosvoqJ+sxprtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pqxtqpr t qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxsqÄĄpoqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpwqqÄĄ

QĂžTsuoq po qMJ

orspsoÄĄosqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtsosÄĄorsvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqrrpp pp rMJ

ossvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousuorÄĄowqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lsupxsx po qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqrvtu qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrvtu v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ppsvtqJ+pustptSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovqutqJ+ttrrqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppsvtqJ+

pustptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstv xppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqutqJ+ttrrqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqr qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oosutsJ+sxprrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqutqJ+ttrrqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqutqJ+ttrrqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oosutsJ+ sxprrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppsvtqJ+pustptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<oosutsJ+sxprrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovqutqJ+ttrrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqorsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoustsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?65


p.V[itxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;xO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHx/=[.W[Qp.X[SwU[7j[Trp\X@S]

W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rqÂ&#x201E;@DtxQ[\S utqtqp \L+bIg9[M[ J+wvtt <wqqSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oqrssqJ+trsrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoosos qq 

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsqoxJ+qprpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ouoorxJ+rqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLototqvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9twsxrr pq sMJ

osspqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqwqvÄĄovpotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowssÄĄ

O^Kqqqtxqq v pMJ

osspqrÄĄotrsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowruosÄĄpoopowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqxstp r pMJ

pqtppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustsxÄĄowqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvou(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ovqtruJ+ttoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppxoq qq (

oqrssqJ+trsrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]qosxpr t rMJ

ovsuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrovÄĄpqprsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvtpÄĄ

QĂžTsurrrq po qMJ

oqpuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtspxÄĄorsvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqrwtv pp rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopovptÄĄoqoosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowssÄĄ

U\Lsuqsqr po qMJ

opqvqoÄĄorovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovswprÄĄoxovtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqrsst qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrsst v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovqttpJ+ttpSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxsvsoJ+ppsupvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqttpJ+ttpSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<oxsvsoJ+ppsupvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqttpJ+ttpSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

ovqttpJ+ttpSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqrstvJ+trssroSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(

\Oj[L<ovqttpJ+ttpSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqrstvJ+trssroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxsvsoJ+ ppsupvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxssooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouspsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?66


q.V[itxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;poO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/=[.W[Qq.X[SxU[7j[Trp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotououO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osorspJ+tvqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpottsp qr 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqprtJ+qtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osorsp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rrpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLovsttsÄĄppqopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqotvs pr sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqowstÄĄoprrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqopsÄĄpqprsx

O^Kqqrrtps v qMJ

opqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowquotÄĄpoourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvrr(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<oxsusvJ+ppsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptqrw qr (

J+tvqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LQ[J[L<ouqppsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpsupp t rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqootxÄĄotrtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqwtsÄĄpooppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsvvx po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrsvÄĄppqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvoqÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqrpstp pp rMJ

oqquswÄĄorsuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpopurp r qMJ U\Lsuqxq po qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqrprs qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrprs v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxsusoJ+ppsrsvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<osorrsJ+tvqustSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osorrsJ+

tvqustSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpx qpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxsusoJ+ppsrsvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

osorrsJ+tvqustSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< osorrsJ+tvqustSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxsusoJ+ppsrsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osorrsJ+tvqustSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqovtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?67


r.V[itxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qsÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[Qr.X[SpoU[7j[Trp \X@S]M[Ä&#x161;O[\L@­T[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osoqspJ+tvqsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsuow qs 

<ppsvqvJ+pusuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG;S\Oj[L<osoqspJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otovowJ+oupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9urpqsq ps rMJ

ouqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovppsvÄĄoxpxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowsuÄĄ

O^Kqqstqt v qMJ

otostqÄĄottwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrroqÄĄppqopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqwpr r qMJ

poopqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorowpsÄĄosswswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwoo(

59[JU]\Oj[L<otovowJ+oupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqsso qs (

tvqsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osrwqoJ+qwtrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqsrpo t rMJ

ouqrsxJ+rrpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLorswqvÄĄ

QĂžTsvsotp po rMJ

oqpuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsotsÄĄototsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsqrqott pp sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrroqÄĄpoqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpxosÄĄ

U\Lsurrst po qMJ

osswswÄĄouqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvrrÄĄopovovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqqtwqr qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqqtwqr v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ppsvqoJ+pusupoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsvqoJ+pusupoSI[+L[H prtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppsvqoJ+ pusupoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otovopJ+otuoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otovopJ+otuoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otovopJ+ otuoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppsvqoJ+pusupoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otovopJ+otuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovpxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqorttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?68


s.V[itxQ[\S/bS/uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSt.V[i>[ŃppO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qt„QutqO[+T[bJUpp„@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTs„@Dtvs…QcHpp/=[.W[Qs.X[SppU[7j[Trp\X@S] M[ĚO[\L@­T[59[JU]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ \Oj[L<otourpJ+osst„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqruow qt 

otosrv\Oj[Lotspot„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊlj[H]„O\LSMS<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

osst„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otqvstJ+rotvto„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

„@[T[9uptrxpw pt rMJ

ouostpJ+rqrort„Mj[I[+L[H\Wĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsorġ

O^Kqqsqxrx v qMJ

oqtwpx„Mj[-X[ġorsospġototqv„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ƕ¾pqrxtu r qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovstrxġowrxqo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtsrrġ

S[ȉwqqttpr qo rMJ

poourrġppsvpq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxowsrġpoqwpo„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwqv(

ǚz[JU]\Oj[L<otspotJ+prpsvt„Mj[ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtups qt (

opqptqJ+qosrvt„Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<otourpJ+

„OT]qrsov t sMJ

\Oj[L<otspotJ+prpsvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;\UOQ[J[L<

QþTswpsrx po rMJ

oqttot„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqxswġowrutu„Mj[-X[ġpqtpppġ

Ǐdzsqrqvw pp sMJ

ottwpvġoutptw„Mj[-X[ġoxrrooġpoqusp„Mj[(

U\Lsurwrs po qMJ

owrutu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqttsġpoourr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^qqqttpr v pMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[W[K9„O\LSMS<opqqowJ+qosrsvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH„O\LSMS<opqqowJ+qosrsvt

SI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otouqsJ+osqvtS

I[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<opqqowJ+qosrsvtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

Q[J[L<ouossrJ+rqroptSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<otspqoJ+prqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS „íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<otouqsJ+osqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<opqqowJ+qosrsvtSI[+L[H

\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otspqoJ+prqqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otouqsJ+osqvt SI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otspqoJ+prqqtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otouqsJ+osqvtSI[+L[H

M^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS< opqqowJ+qosrsvtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otspqoJ+prqqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotppoo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovptru„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxrqps„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppswos„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[optxtw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lospqtr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Louqxtw„Mj[( KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owssot„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hposqpo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqqpqv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optoso„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqptx„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď69


t.V[itxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pqO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]quÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/=[.W[Qt.X[SpqU[7j[Trp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototoxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otsotpJ+prppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqurs qu 

otssqvJ+psostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+prppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otsuruJ+rpstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqwpxx pu rMJ

otqpsuJ+rosrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLorsxosÄĄ

O^Kqqssvsr v qMJ

oprrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwpoÄĄototoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžprtpsq r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLottwouÄĄoutpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouropsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqqtqq qo rMJ

otosqqÄĄoustouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxroÄĄouropsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwts(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotosqq\Oj[LotsotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqwro qu (

oqqvoxJ+qrqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otsotp

Â&#x201E;OT]qsrvs t sMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otssqvJ+psostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Q[J[L<

QĂžTswswrr po rMJ

ouropsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpqrsÄĄovtstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqurqÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqrrrro pp sMJ

otosqqÄĄottwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrooÄĄpqpspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsusrqw po rMJ

ovpqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwoqÄĄorowsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qqqtqq v pMJ

ouropsÄĄovsxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstsvÄĄototoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqvoqJ+qrqusoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqvoqJ+qrqusoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqvoqJ+qrqusoSI[+L[Hprt vxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqvoqJ+qrqusoS I[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<otsossJ+prottSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqvoqJ+qrqusoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otsossJ+prottS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otssqoJ+psoqvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L

I[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[@^L[9Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otsossJ+prott SI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqvoqJ+qrqusoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<otssqoJ+psoqvtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovppspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppssovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosowtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?70


u.V[itxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;prO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qvÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/=[.W[Qu.X[SprU[7j[Trp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<otssprJ+psopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpwpx qv 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroptrJ+qstsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otputqJ+orqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½Q[J[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vppprtr pv rMJ

oxrrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpspwÄĄoqttruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourosoÄĄ

O^Kqqstxqs v qMJ

ÄĄotrutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossrowÄĄotrutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžptrqx r rMJ

ppsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvqtÄĄopqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxqp(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<otputqJ+orqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqoqrw qv (

otssprJ+psopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<otrsrpJ+rpptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qtrsp t sMJ

<osprtqJ+qvtspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpsqÄĄ

QĂžTsxqqrr po rMJ

ovttpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpossqpÄĄpqtpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossrow

Ç?Çłsqrsop pp sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtwoqÄĄorsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoouruÄĄ

U\Lsuswqv po rMJ

opovorÄĄoqqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqqswtp qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqqswtp v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropstJ+qstsSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropstJ+ qstsSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ >[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otssovJ+prxttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropstJ+qstsSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SG

O[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otpustJ+ orptvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< otssovJ+prxttSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otpustJ+

orptvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otssovJ+prxttSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropstJ+qstsSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otpustJ+

orptvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppsoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosotopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrupr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqprruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orpsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?71


v.V[itxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;psO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qwÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHps/=[.W[Qv.X[SpsU[7j[Trp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otpvopJ+orqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorpqpp qw 

Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orovosJ+qtvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<osqoroJ+twppsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqsqspw pw rMJ

owrxpqÄĄpoqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqooqÄĄpqowtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqqtsrs v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtttqÄĄorsxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprrquÄĄ

ǜžpuptpw r rMJ

ousstpÄĄowqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqwsoÄĄppsvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxsw(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[\Oj[L<osqoroJ+twppsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrxtr qw (

otpvopJ+orqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ostqpqJ+qxrort

Â&#x201E;OT]qurotv t sMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsqprJ+qstrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsxturw po rMJ

oprrquÄĄoqtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsooxÄĄosqqqr

Ç?Çłsqrsusp pp sMJ

oqptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroxpxÄĄostopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lsutrro po rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqqstsp qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqqstsp v pMJ

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<pptqrqJ+ pvpqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroutwJ+qtvroSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroutwJ+qtvroSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osqostJ+twpqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oroutwJ+qtvroSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otputsJ+orqqoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroutwJ+qtvroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osqostJ+ twpqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/

W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otputsJ+orqqoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;

9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<osqostJ+twpqqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otputsJ+orqqoSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroutwJ+qtvroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osqostJ+twpqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovorsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosopotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqoxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orpopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?72


w.V[itxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qxÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/=[.W[Qw.X[SptU[7j[Trp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<osqporJ+twprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losowsq qx 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsstuJ+qspqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oqtwrvJ+tssvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wvtoqt px rMJ

otorsvÄĄovstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrroqÄĄpqpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqqtrx v qMJ

pqoxorÄĄoqptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtuowÄĄorsxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžpvqvx r sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopowquÄĄoqoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxorÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqqsqro qo rMJ

opqwrvÄĄoroxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtorwÄĄoxoxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourops(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<oqtwrvJ+tssvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqprr qx (

osqporJ+twprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsqtrJ+qurvst

Â&#x201E;OT]qvqvtr u pMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<pqswpwJ+pxqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsporosx po sMJ

orsxtxÄĄossrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourprpÄĄovprsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqrtrqx pp sMJ

-X[ÄĄossrsxÄĄotrvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrwouÄĄpooqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsutwrw po rMJ

pqtppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoussstÄĄowqtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qqqsqro v pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsssxJ+qspqrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqswrrJ+pxqpttSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqsssxJ+qspqrtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqtwtqJ+tsswtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqtwtq J+tsswtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqswrrJ+pxqpttSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsssxJ+qspqrtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqtwtqJ+

tsswtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqotstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orouptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?73


x.V[itxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pvO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]roÂ&#x201E;QutqO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/=[.W[Qx.X[SpuU[7j[Trp \X@S]-Ç&#x192;^O[>]T\QT

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosoxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oppsswJ+toqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotovss ro 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxrpJ+qqsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

porsrtJ+prsvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<oworqrJ+vqxsqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqprpqt qo rMJ

oqoqroÄĄotrworÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourptuÄĄpooqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqqsttw v qMJ

9^\T9S[\HposstoÄĄppqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvsvÄĄ

ǜžpwrxq r sMJ

oqquouÄĄorstowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louroso(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optwsqJ+qqpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osowsv ro (

\Oj[L<oppsswJ+toqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]qwqssw u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovstpwÄĄppqotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTspptt po sMJ

pqoxovÄĄoprrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqotpÄĄpqpsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqsoqu pp sMJ

opqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqtsrÄĄpooustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lsvrtp po rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqqrxpx qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqqrxpx v pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optwrtJ+qqpvqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<opptoqJ+toqwtoSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<porsto J+prswSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<opptoqJ+

toqwtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optwrtJ+qqpvqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optwrtJ+qqpvqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optwrtJ+qqpvqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

opptoqJ+toqwtoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opptoqJ+toqwtoSI[+L[H MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ( \Oj[L<porstoJ+prswSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optwrtJ+qqpvqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<opptoqJ+toqwtoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqsqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqopsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oroqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?74


po.V[itxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSpp.V[i>[ŃpwO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]rp„QutqO[+T[bJUpv„@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTpo„@Dtvs…QcHpw/=[.W[Qpo.X[SpvU[7j[Trp \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<ppprpxJ+stqsrqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louowqp rp 

O\G@\Oj[L<pqpuqoJ+pwqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆS[\H<ppprpxJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H…OK`\H\Oj[L<otpxqvJ+osopo„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;\JL

„@[T[9xtqtsq qp rMJ

pqoxprġoqptrq„Mj[-X[ġorrxstġotortw„Mj[

O^Kqqssorw v qMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrovġpoqvoq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqosvġ

Ƕ¾pxtotu r sMJ

ostpptġourqqp„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppswoxġopovov„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpou(

>H^I­]LíÊ1ġS[V[i[\Oj[L<pqtqsqJ+pxrr„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otoqow rp (

stqsrqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;/Ń\Oj[L<owortxJ+vrppqt„Mj[

„OT]qxqpsr u pMJ

ortortġourqqp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovpsqwġoxqosv„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTspprxqv po sMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotorroġottvqt„Mj[-X[ġoxrrovġppqotw

Ǐdzsqsvrp pp sMJ

pooqtr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpoowġostppt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lsvxw po rMJ

S[ȉwqqruw qo rMJ „9H^qqqruw v pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pqtqrtJ+pxrqsqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owospqJ+vrpstSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<pqtqrt

J+pxrqsqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<pqtqrtJ+pxrqsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

pqtqrtJ+pxrqsqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppprpqJ+stqsptSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owospqJ+ vrpstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

pqtqrtJ+pxrqsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<ppprpqJ+stqsptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loutqoq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxowrv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppqsqv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[opruqr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orsxpw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lououqr„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owqoqw „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpopwru„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpptvtq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvos„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtwqr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrqx„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď75


pp.V[itxQ[\S/bS/uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSpq.V[i>[ŃpxO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]p@^LutqO[+T[bJUpw„@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTpp„@Dtvs…QcHpx/=[.W[Qpp.X[SpwU[7j[Trp \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ „Wń[<owtwpqJ+rxsvqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovowsp p 

OO\Oj[L<poovsqJ+pqsosvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„Wń[<owtwpqJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

…H\HT„R[;…OK`\H\Oj[L<otqoorJ+ospso„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ\Oj[L<

„@[T[9xpxrotv qq rMJ

oqtutu„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourqsuġowrwtw„Mj[-X[ġpqtpqrġ

O^Kqqspxtq v qMJ

ottvqpġoutppw„Mj[-X[ġoxrrppġpoqvow„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pppqtq s pMJ

owrwtw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqtssġpoouts„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourprp(

MčQ]LíÊØOG[\Oj[L<pprotqJ+puwsqt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louoppo q (

rxsvqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<ovsursJ+uswpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]qpopwrw u qMJ

oqqtotJ+trqsro„Mj[I[+L[HÑ]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqptorġ

QþTspqprts po sMJ

oqtvrt„Mj[-X[ġorrxrxġotorsv„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzsqspsss pp sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovstpuġowrxpr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtutsġ

U\Lsvpsro po rMJ

pooutsġppswos„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxporpġpoqxqs„Mj[(

S[ȉwqqrqtw qo rMJ „9H^qqqrqtw v pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<pprossJ+puwqqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oqqstwJ+trqspqtSI[+L[H9^Ŧ

S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9 \Oj[L<oxtvqxJ+pqptroSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h] .\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otpxtuJ+ospqqtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń

\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqqstwJ+trqspqtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<pprossJ+puwqqtSI[+L[Hqsuv xppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxtvqxJ+pqptroSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr qtquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pprossJ+puwqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxtvqxJ+pqptroSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ

8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[<owtwotJ+rxsustSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otpxtuJ+ospqqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJ

LíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pprossJ+

puwqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ „Wń[<owtwotJ+rxsustSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Louswou„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxossp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppqorq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprqqv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orstqr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Louoqqv„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owpurr „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpopsso„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpptrtu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqrow„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtsqu„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxrq„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď76


pq.V[itxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qoO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]q@^LutqO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/=[.W[Qpq.X[SpxU[7j[Trp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<oursowJ+rrsvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howouqw q 

<owpwtrJ+wxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otpxtvJ+osptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9porssqo qr sMJ

ortpppÄĄourrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovptppÄĄovtvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqqrtrpp v qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorpvÄĄottvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrptÄĄpqptpr

ǜžppqpsto s pMJ

ovptppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxqwÄĄorposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;wqqqxsv qo rMJ

ourrpoÄĄovtptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsssxÄĄotorrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourptu(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<oxtwrvJ+pqpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovospu r (

ovsvrrJ+utosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<oursowJ+rrsvvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qppptrq u qMJ

S[\H<ppqsrwJ+sttrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTspqswqu po sMJ

ppqvqrÄĄoprrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvrqÄĄotorrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqsqqu pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvpvÄĄoutppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourrpoÄĄ

U\Lsvpxtu po rMJ

otorpvÄĄoussrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostptuÄĄourrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qqqqxsv v pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxtwqxJ+pqpvuoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owpwsuJ+wwtqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U

ÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsvqvJ+utoqt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtwqxJ+pqpvuoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <owpwsuJ+wwtqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owpwsuJ+wwtqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

oursqpJ+rrsvsoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovsvqvJ+utoqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxtwqxJ+pqpvuoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<oursqpJ+rrsvsoSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owpwsuJ+

wwtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxoosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orspqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqrv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?77


pr.V[itxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r@^LutqO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/=[.W[Qpr.X[SqoU[7j[Trp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<osouotJ+qvrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtxtx r 

J+wppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ourxouJ+rtxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Q[J[L<osouotJ+qvrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqtprtJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popwqrw qs sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLoutppuÄĄoxrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqqrqpr v qMJ

postrqÄĄpqtprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosstroÄĄotrxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpprquto s qMJ

orrxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovouÄĄppswqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqqp(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<owpxts

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowoxov s (

I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<otqotwJ+ossqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpqpqqv u qMJ

tsrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqpsqJ+rwpupqt

QĂžTsprqrs pp pMJ

pqptqsÄĄoqtvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrrrÄĄovtvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqsqxru pp sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosstroÄĄotrxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtvroÄĄ

U\Lsvqtqv po rMJ

ppswqrÄĄopqxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovpuÄĄoqquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqqquru qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqqquru v pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owpxsuJ+wppqqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqtpqwJ+tsrostSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ourwtwJ+ rtxroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[  \Oj[L<otqotpJ+osstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oqtpqwJ+tsrostSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvw

popqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpxsuJ+wppqqtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsqu

qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ourwtwJ+rtxroSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpxsuJ+wppqqtSI[+L[H

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ourwtwJ+rtxroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owpxsuJ+wppqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

Q[J[L<osottxJ+qvruttSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<ourwtwJ+rtxroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/Q[J[L<osottxJ+qvruttSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otqotpJ+osstSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owpxsuJ+wppqqtS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<osottxJ+qvruttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourwtwJ+rtxroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowsp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoousvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S59

M[\Ä?78


ps.V[itxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSpt.V[i>[ŃqqO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]s@^LutqO[+T[bJUqp„@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTps„@Dtvs…QcHqq/=[.W[Qps.X[SqpU[7j[T rp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ „O\LSMS<oprwquJ+qpqwpo„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxswrv s 

1ġSP[ÍMJ\Oj[L<otoqrrJ+txtwrqt„Mj[I[+L[H„SOH]9SGOO

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

swquro„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;„WgP[;½Q[J[L<otpxqwJ+rosost

„@[T[9ppqqqqo qt sMJ

oxqpsvġpqoxrw„Mj[-X[ġoprrrsġoqtvro„Mj[(

O^Kqqqssv v pMJ

ortpsv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoprrrsġoqptrq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾ppsrwtp s qMJ

9[TS[\Hpoqxtxġppswso„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqsu(

I[+L[H-ƆQ]LíÊM_O­P[ÍMJ\Oj[L<ourxsuJ+spro„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxprsq t (

„O\LSMS<oprwquJ+qpqwpo„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ooqtssJ+

„OT]qprxqp u qMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxqqġpoqvqw„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QþTsprtvsv pp pMJ

QbXŃbR[;S[\Horrxqvġosqpqt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtvssġ

Ǐdzsqsrvps pp sMJ

orppptġostqrt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoussrpġowqttq„Mj[(

U\Lsvrpq po rMJ

S[ȉwqqqrqt qo rMJ „9H^qqqqrqt v pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ousoooJ+sqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[

L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<otoqqvJ+txtwpvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L -bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousoooJ+sqtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LíÊH\Oj[L<ousoooJ+sqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<otoqqvJ+

txtwpvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ousoooJ+sqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L <otoqqvJ+txtwpvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L

XO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ousoooJ+sqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<oprwqo J+qpqvttSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oprwqoJ+qpqvttSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[; „J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousoooJ+sqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oprwqoJ+qpqvttSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otoqqvJ+txtwpvtSI[+L[H L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lourupv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowtqtt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppowss„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[opqoso„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orrrrt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lottorw„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owosst

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpooqtq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppsqox„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opppqp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsqso„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvst„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď79


pt.V[itxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qrO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t@^LutqO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/=[.W[Qpt.X[SqqU[7j[T rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ppptqxJ+ptrotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hporqsu t 

\Oj[L<otorruJ+oppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<orrspxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<poovotJ+sqrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppurxtr qu sMJ

J+qrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotorowÄĄovstqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqqqrx v pMJ

O[bS[S[\HourspxÄĄovpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxsuÄĄoqptrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppttots s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsoouÄĄpoortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxtoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqqqopt qo rMJ

oussrqÄĄowqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoproovÄĄorpprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrpo(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oxoprtJ+xtupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoputs u (

tupvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ppptqxJ+ptrotqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpsupt u rMJ

oxoprtJ+xtupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqqo

QĂžTspsrqrs pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrrqÄĄpqptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqotÄĄossuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqssto pp sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtwooÄĄortqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossuoxÄĄotsops

U\Lsvrusp po rMJ

oqorttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxsuÄĄpqtpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qqqqopt v pMJ

9[TS[\HovtqtuÄĄoxpprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otorroJ+oottSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orrsrsJ+tupwrvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<

oxopqvJ+xtttoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otorroJ+oottSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L< oxopqvJ+xtttoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otorroJ+oottSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpv pxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orrsrsJ+tupwrvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otorroJ+oottSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

ppptssJ+ptrproSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxopqvJ+xtttoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otorroJ+oottSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppptssJ+ptrproS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< orrsrsJ+tupwrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxopqvJ+xtttoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpposswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owooto Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?80


pu.V[itxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qsO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u@^LutqO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/=[.W[Qpu.X[SqrU[7j[T rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxoqpuJ+xtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppprrt u 

<orrtqsJ+tuqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<oqpxquJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owooqpJ+rvqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ootpto p pMJ

puptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<owtupoJ+xsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

O^Kqqppxp v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoursspÄĄpoospqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtsÄĄoprrsq

ǜžppvqtw s rMJ

ppqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswtsÄĄoproqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrrr(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ovoqqsJ+stwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpppwrs v (

trpostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG;S\Oj[L<oxoqpuJ+xtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qptrx u rMJ

ovoqqsJ+stwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<pprrqxJ+

QĂžTsptvqv pp pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovstquÄĄppqptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqospoÄĄotsors

Ç?Çłsqstqts pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqptpÄĄpqpttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposuouÄĄ

U\Lsvsqqs po rMJ

owquopÄĄpoovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqquotÄĄorssrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqqpvs qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqqpvs v pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oqpxpwJ+trpoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqpxpwJ+ trpoqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oqpxpwJ+trpoqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxoqrpJ+xtwroS I[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovoqrwJ+stwstSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L <oxoqrpJ+xtwroSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqpxpwJ+trpoqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovoqrwJ+stwstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtuts Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxttooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?81


pv.V[itxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qtO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]v@^LutqO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/=[.W[Qpv.X[SqsU[7j[Trp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovorowJ+toÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptqqt v 

opqptpJ+tosusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovorow

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<otqptvJ+osutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opsttq q pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLortqrxÄĄourtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqqorqss v pMJ

orrxqtÄĄotorpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorowÄĄottvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžppwptt s rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqqrqÄĄpoosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpqosÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqqprtr qo rMJ

ppsxouÄĄopovrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrtu(

\Oj[L<otqptvJ+osutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqpxpp w (

J+toÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouoxtoJ+rqsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]qpuor u rMJ

owturpJ+xsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<oursspJ+rswsvt

QĂžTsptsqqt pp pMJ

ovputtÄĄoxqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpooqÄĄoqptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqtott pp sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrsuÄĄppqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrsuÄĄpoqvts

U\Lsvswpq po rMJ

ostrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostrrrÄĄourtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qqqprtr v pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<opqqouJ+tosvqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

opqqouJ+tosvqoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opqqouJ+

tosvqoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<opqqouJ+

tosvqoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otqptpJ+osusqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< ovorqpJ+torqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqptpJ+osusqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovorqpJ+torqtSI[+L[H

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqptpJ+osusqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowspouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opowtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtqtw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpproqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?82


pw.V[itxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;quO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w@^LutqO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/=[.W[Qpw.X[SqtU[7j[Trp \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bR[\;L]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otqqqpJ+osvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqrosr w 

\Oj[LoxrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<oosupsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ossopsJ+qxqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqwsusr r pMJ

rtorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<osrqpwJ+twsqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

O^Kqpxstqq u sMJ

owsotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqoqÄĄoqtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxquÄĄ

ǜžppxqvpr s rMJ

oxrrtsÄĄpoqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstruÄĄowrxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqqposq qo rMJ

poovstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovstÄĄppsxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourspx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<osortqJ+tvrpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorpo

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxqw x (

sxpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otqqqpJ+osvtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpututv u sMJ

osortqJ+tvrpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<ourtqtJ+

QĂžTspupvqw pp pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpuqpÄĄoqtwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqtxt pp sMJ

otorowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottvpwÄĄoutpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lsvtsr po rMJ

9^\T9S[\HovtxotÄĄowsotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquprÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qqqposq v pMJ

oxpqpxÄĄporosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ossoovJ+qxqqqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oosuqxJ+sxpwpqtSI[+L[HO`V

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ossoovJ+

qxqqqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oosuqxJ+sxpwpqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otqqrtJ+

oswrqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oosuqxJ+sxpwpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ososovJ+tvrqpvtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqqrtJ+oswrqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ososovJ+tvrqpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqqrtJ+oswrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oosuqxJ+sxpwpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ososovJ+

tvrqpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opostuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsxop Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqttrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?83


px.V[itxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qwO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]x@^LutqO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/=[.W[Qpx.X[SquU[7j[Trp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osospuJ+tvrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opoxto

orpqqvJ+ttqqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tvrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsstJ+qupwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqqsss s pMJ

\Oj[L<osrqqpJ+twsqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oqtotpJ+

O^Kqpwtwp u sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpvrrÄĄovtxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqwrpÄĄoprrtx

ǜžpqorxqq s sMJ

ottvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsorÄĄpqpurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;wqqvrq qo rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoprpoqÄĄorpqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotorpqÄĄ

O^KO\ž

ovtsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsssqÄĄotorovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourssp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorpq\Oj[LoxrsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

x O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxtx po (

oorursJ+swtrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osospu

Â&#x201E;OT]qpvtrtp u sMJ

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<orpqqvJ+ttqqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;U_T

QĂžTsputqrt pp qMJ

tsqwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLortrprÄĄourtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsqtpvqp pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvrxÄĄotorovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorpqÄĄ

U\Lsvtxtx po rMJ

ottvqqÄĄoutprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourtsrÄĄovpvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^qqqvrq v pMJ

ousssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostsoxÄĄourtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourtsrÄĄ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ooruquJ+swtqttSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtooJ+qupxroSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooruquJ+ swtqttSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ooruquJ+swtqttSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<orpqqoJ+ttqqsoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtooJ+qupxroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ooruquJ+swtqttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orpqqoJ+ttqqsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opopooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovstot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?84


qo.V[itxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSqp.V[i>[ŃqxO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]po@^LutqO[+T[bJUqv„@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTqo„@Dtvs…QcHqx/=[.W[Qqo.X[SqvU[7j[Trp \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<oqsxsxJ+tsqupo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optpor

\O\Ɔ„O\LSMS<oqtvqrJ+qsstpvt„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

tppsqvt„Mj[I[+L[HǝO-Q`HbR[;\JLoutprxġoxrspq„Mj[

„@[T[9pqtsvso t pMJ

-X[ġposutrġpqtqpw„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLossvspġotsptq

O^Kqpwppsx u sMJ

orrxrp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoowosġppsxso„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtoq(

I[\>LíÊQ`;\US[\Oj[L<oottooJ+sxrxvt„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[9SG

po O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorqotr pp (

oqsxsxJ+tsqupo„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J„R[;O`\ĭ\Oj[L<oprrowJ+

„OT]qpwtost u sMJ

-X[ġpqpustġoqtxpx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houruorġovtxso„Mj[

QþTspvqvsv pp qMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossvspġotsptq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoqtvsrġ

Ǐdzsqtqtst pp sMJ

ppsxsoġoprppu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopovtxġoqquqq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pqptprs s sMJ U\Lswttw po rMJ

S[ȉwqqsqp qo rMJ „9H^qqqsqp v pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

XSM;H[S[ÑbH½9„O\LSMS<oqtvptJ+qssstvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ootstqJ+sxrwsvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ „O\LSMS<oqtvptJ+ qssstvtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ootstqJ+sxrwsvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oqtoosJ+tsqusvtSI[+L[HƜ] „IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(„O\LSMS< oqtvptJ+qssstvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L< ootstqJ+sxrwsvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oqtoosJ+ tsqusvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loupqsr„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowqxpw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpostow„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqtvos„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oroxtx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotqvor„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovspox „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxrxpv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpppwrs„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqsvst„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpxor„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osospo„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď85


qp.V[itxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;roO[QLQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^LutqO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHro/=[.W[Qqp.X[SqwU[7j[T rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<oqtwpqJ+tssutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrtqr

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxtsJ+qsquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sxoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLowsopoÄĄpoqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qwtssx u pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorrxrtÄĄosqpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtxrsÄĄ

O^Kqpvqvsw u sMJ

orprovÄĄostsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousstxÄĄowqurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtqr(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<opsrspJ+tpsorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

pp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losqprx pq (

oqtwpqJ+tssutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<oorxruJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpxsvrx u sMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqrrpÄĄpqporxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprspsÄĄoqtvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTspwrs pp qMJ

ortrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprspsÄĄoqpuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsqtrspv pp sMJ

9[TS[\HporpqtÄĄppsxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqrrsu s sMJ U\Lswpqp po rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqqppo qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqqppo v pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<opsrrrJ+tpsopqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V

H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtooxJ+qsquuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opsrrrJ+

tpsopqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opsrrrJ+tpsopqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<opsrrrJ+tpsopqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/ \Oj[L<oqtwotJ+tssurqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtooxJ+qsquuoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opsrrrJ+tpsopqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqtwotJ+tssurqtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouowsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orouorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrvpt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqptovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osooprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?86


qq.V[itxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq@^LutqO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHp/b=L.W[Qqq.X[SqxU[7j[Trp \X@S]Ç?\Äš>[Q[@­L[Ă&#x2DC;]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[I\;S9SLObRgOLJU­LO[bS[Â&#x201E;LbĂ&#x160;[¢WOM^S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<orrvppJ+tuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqrqu

9SG\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orprsuJ+qtqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

svsvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotorqwÄĄovsuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqpsuqt v pMJ

O[bS[S[\HourusoÄĄovpwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqposxÄĄoqpuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqpusutv u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsptxÄĄpootrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopppqrÄĄ

ǜžpqspup t pMJ

oustovÄĄowqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprpsrÄĄorprqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtsr(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<oroqruJ+tstvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

pq O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotqpoq pr (

orrvppJ+tuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<ooporpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqossrr v pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrsrqÄĄpqpvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsoqÄĄosswpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTspwrwqu pp qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtxsxÄĄortsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosswpsÄĄotsqqv

Ç?Çłsqtsqtt pp sMJ

oqotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqposxÄĄpqtqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lswpwx po rMJ

9[TS[\HovtstxÄĄoxprpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqptvtx qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqptvtx v pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oopoqsJ+svsvqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oroqqxJ+tstvptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oopoqsJ+svsvqt

SI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oroqqxJ+tstvptSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oroqqxJ+tstvptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orrvqt

J+tuqsrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orrvqtJ+tuqsrtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orprsoJ+qtqtroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oroqqxJ+tstvptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<orrvqtJ+tuqsrtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouostpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrrpx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?87


qr.V[itxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pr@^LutqO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHq/b=L.W[Qqr.X[SroU[7j[Trp \X@S].\@@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^S9[= SI 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<orrurtJ+tuqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osptot

ossxrxJ+txqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGOO\Oj[L<orrurtJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osstqpJ+txpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rsqrqu w pMJ

ppqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqottoÄĄotsqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourutwÄĄ

O^Kqpupopp u rMJ

ppqroxÄĄpqpvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposvqxÄĄppqxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqtqwpv t pMJ

poowruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqusqÄĄorsstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louruor(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<osstqpJ+txpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<

pr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loupvqw ps (

tuqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<osovrqJ+qvrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqpspqw v pMJ

ooosppJ+svrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLovsuptÄĄ

QĂžTspxprtq pp qMJ

pootssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppooÄĄoprsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsqttpsp pp sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptopuÄĄoprptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqutuÄĄ

U\Lswqspx po rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqptssx qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqptssx v pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ossxtrJ+txqtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ossxtrJ+

txqtqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osstpqJ+txprsqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ossxtrJ+txqtqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<osstpqJ+txprsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osstpqJ+txprsqt SI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Q[J[L<osovqsJ+qvrxrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L< osstpqJ+txprsqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossxtrJ+txqtqtS I[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotptpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqxqr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppousuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqovpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?88


qs.V[itxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ps@^LutqO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x201E;@DtxP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qqs.X[Sp\ĆľT9Jrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osssqsJ+txppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otoxqx

ossxosJ+txqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ovootoJ+stqqqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otqwpwJ+rppqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oupvrvJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpusvso x pMJ

I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLortsrqÄĄourvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqptrwps u rMJ

orrxtrÄĄotorqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorsrÄĄottvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžpqusors t qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqspqÄĄpoottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorprtqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqptprw qo rMJ

pptopwÄĄopowrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louruqq(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<oupvrvJ+rsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<

ps O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovoxrt pt (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osssqsJ+txppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqrwqq v pMJ

rsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<oopwooJ+swtpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTspxsxqr pp qMJ

ovpwtxÄĄoxqspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpppoÄĄoqpuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsquorr pp sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrstsÄĄppqrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrstsÄĄpoqxow

U\Lswrors po rMJ

osttrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosttrrÄĄourvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qqptprw v pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovoosrJ+stqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ

\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovoosrJ+stqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovoosr J+stqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovoosrJ+stqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupvroJ+rsqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<otqwppJ+ rpppoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oupvroJ+rsqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L <ovoosrJ+stqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqspqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqtqv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqorqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?89


qt.V[itxQ[\S/bS/uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSqu.V[i>[ŃrØ]KSQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pt@^LutqO[+T[bJUp.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTqt„@Dtvs…QcHr/b=L.W[Qqt.X[Sq\ƵT9Jrp \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oupuqoJ+rpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louotox pu 

<outxrqJ+ssxvt„Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG;S\Oj[L<oupuqoJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<owovruJ+vrwtqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;\W\ĭ\Oj[L<

„@[T[9rqxprp x sMJ

oroorq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourvroġowsqsq„Mj[-X[ġpqtrotġ

O^Kqptppsq u rMJ

ottwovġoutqqq„Mj[-X[ġoxrtotġpoqxqo„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pqvtqts t qMJ

owsqsq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvpvġpoowtx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louruso(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<owovruJ+vrwtqt„Mj[I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊ-bƂV[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovtuso pu (

rpvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovpoqoJ+rtpuvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ

„OT]qqrrtpv v qMJ

oosuruJ+sxpuqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpvsxġ

QþTsqoqstw pp rMJ

oqtwpu„Mj[-X[ġorsoooġotorqw„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzsquxrr pp sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsuruġowsotp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Howootwġ

U\Lswrutq po rMJ

poowtxġpptosp„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxpsooġporqps„Mj[(

S[ȉwqpswqv qo rMJ „9H^qqpswqv v pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

„R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<outxswJ+ssxsvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<oxqwqxJ+ppptSI[+L[H \W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L1ǚS;H[S[ Wš[H@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<outxswJ+ssxsvtS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<outxswJ+ssxsvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr qtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxqwqxJ+ppptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<outxswJ+ssxsvtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owovtoJ+vrxqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 

„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oxqwqxJ+ppptSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupurtJ+ rpstSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owovtoJ+vrxqvtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[O[SLíÊbR[b;

Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupurtJ+rpstSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

outxswJ+ssxsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<owovtoJ+vrxqvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxqwqx J+ppptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lottroq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowoxso„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqtqx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqrvqt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqtoqo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotovqs„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqprp „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxpxru„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpotwtr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqqwot„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optxqt„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orssro„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď90


qu.V[itxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pu@^LutqO[+T[bJUq.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qqu.X[Sr\ĆľT9Jrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<owouqoJ+vrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louotox pu 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owouqoJ+vrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxouot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

totosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLorttopÄĄourvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sppvtt po sMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtwqtÄĄotorrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosorÄĄottwpw

O^Kqpstps u rMJ

outqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourvstÄĄovpxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpqxtps t qMJ

-X[ÄĄostuoqÄĄourvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourvstÄĄovtttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Lourutw(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<oxqvqoJ+potwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtuso pu (

J+sottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<opqsrrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqsrqpr v qMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpxqxÄĄowoppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxswÄĄoprstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqporw pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtpvÄĄpqpwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwpwÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqupwrx pp sMJ

oprqrvÄĄorpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotosorÄĄoustsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lswsrpr po rMJ

-X[ÄĄorstqpÄĄotorrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqpstpu qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqpstpu v pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxqvppJ+potvtoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oxqvppJ+potvtoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxqvppJ+potvtoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owourrJ+vruptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poovpoJ+pqrvqoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owourrJ+ vruptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxqvppJ+

potvtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

poovpoJ+pqrvqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowotssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotorqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpvrt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opttqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?91


qv.V[itxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;tĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pv@^LutqO[+T[bJUr.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHt/b=L.W[Qqv.X[Ss\ĆľT9Jrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<pootsoJ+pqrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovoorv pv 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pootsoJ+pqrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oqosqpJ+tqqxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqssÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqrpops pp rMJ

owopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposwpvÄĄpqtrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kqpsruso u rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtwrsÄĄorsopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooxqsÄĄ

ǜžqopvrv t rMJ

opoxosÄĄoqqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvps(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<pqorqrJ+pvqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrwto pv (

S[\H<ppourpJ+sttsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]qqtqxw v qMJ

oxrtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwpsÄĄorootxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvtxÄĄ

QĂžTsqpruqq pp rMJ

ossxqxÄĄotsrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossxqxÄĄotsrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsquqvtq pp sMJ

pptpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptpovÄĄoprqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lswsxrw po rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wqpsqu qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqpsqu v pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<pqorrwJ+pvqwroSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<ppouqsJ+sttqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ S[\H<ppouqsJ+ sttqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsu vpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqorrwJ+pvqwroSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pootttJ+pqrspqtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqorrwJ+

pvqwroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqorrw

J+pvqwroSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pootttJ+pqrspqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pootttJ+ pqrspqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

pqorrwJ+pvqwroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowopswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovprrw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?92


qw.V[itxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pw@^LutqO[+T[bJUs.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHu/b=L.W[Qqw.X[St\ĆľT9Jrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pqossoJ+pvrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtssw pw 

XĆ&#x161;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqossoJ+pvrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+trtuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLowspqvÄĄpoqxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ttpptu pq rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsoqvÄĄosqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroppqÄĄ

O^Kqpsqwsq u rMJ

orpssuÄĄostuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousupoÄĄowqvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvro(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwstJ+qrttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpusv pw (

opoprrJ+sxtqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<oqrxqw

Â&#x201E;OT]qququs v qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqtorÄĄpqpptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprtpxÄĄoqtwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTsqqpqpp pp rMJ

orttqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprtpxÄĄoqpvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsqurvpp pp sMJ

9[TS[\HporqtoÄĄpptporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqproo t rMJ

U\Lswtuu po rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqprwtt qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqprwtt v pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwrvJ+qrttqvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqrwrvJ+qrttqvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwrvJ+qrttqvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LTX=K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqrxqqJ+trtustSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L

<pqosrrJ+pvropvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwrvJ+qrttqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqosrrJ+pvropvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<pqosrrJ+pvropvtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwrvJ+qrttqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoprsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosttrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovoxsq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxovtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?93


qx.V[itxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;vĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]px@^LutqO[+T[bJUt.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHv/b=L.W[Qqx.X[Su\ĆľT9Jrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrrvJ+qqqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowsvpw px 

9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrrvJ+qqqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tsttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotossoÄĄovsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpvpuru pr rMJ

O[bS[S[\HourwqtÄĄovqoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqotÄĄoqpvpr

O^Kqpsqvpu u rMJ

otsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsrrrÄĄpooutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqqsqqu t rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLousuqrÄĄowqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprrpuÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvst(

I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Q[J[L<otorqoJ+qxtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtpqw px (

oqsqprJ+tsrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<ororotJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqvqrp v rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrtttÄĄpqpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttsoÄĄossxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqqsws pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoropqtÄĄorttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxttÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqusurv pq pMJ

oppqttÄĄoqovpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqotÄĄpqtrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsxqrw po rMJ

orpstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovturvÄĄoxpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqprtss qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqprtss v pMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txpwpt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<otorprJ+qxtuqqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

otorprJ+qxtuqqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrqxJ+qqqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< optrqxJ+qqqqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrqxJ+qqqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

otorprJ+qxtuqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpooxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovotsu Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxortsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?94


ro.V[itxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;wĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qo@^LutqO[+T[bJUu.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHw/b=L.W[Qro.X[Sv\ĆľT9Jrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsprJ+qtswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrwpu qo 

9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsprJ+qtswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ttposqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvrwÄĄppqsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqxqvrv ps qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpqpvÄĄoprtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsrwÄĄpqpwtr

O^Kqpsrqqq u rMJ

oprrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqwpxÄĄpopooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtx(

I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Q[J[L<ovoxprJ+rtposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoqsop qo (

osoottJ+tvpxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<oroxquJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwpxtw v rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqovqqÄĄotssqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwrvÄĄpoovoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqrqsq pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwtqÄĄpprorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptpstÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqutupo pq pMJ

oqqvtoÄĄorsuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqrtstr t sMJ U\Lsxxpr po rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqprqrr qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqprqrr v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsouJ+qtswSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovoxotJ+rtpoqvtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsouJ+

qtswSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq qsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovoxotJ+rtpoqvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsouJ+qtswSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovoxotJ+rtpoqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsouJ+qtswSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsouJ+qtswSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoottoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovoptp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?95


rp.V[itxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;xĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp@^LutqO[+T[bJUv.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x201E;@DtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHx/b=L.W[Qrp.X[Sw\ĆľT9Jrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osqxtxJ+qwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoqwps qp 

O[TO\Oj[L<osooouJ+tvpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<osqxtx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<oqtsrtJ+tsrqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uppswt pt qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpqqwÄĄoqpvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspopÄĄotosquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpssrts u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxruqpÄĄpororuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqtrvÄĄ

ǜžqtvqp t sMJ

ostvotÄĄourwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptprvÄĄopoxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpr(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxtsJ+rxqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpottro qp (

J+qwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ostqpwJ+txqvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqxputt v rMJ

\JLortuorÄĄourwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoroÄĄoxqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqsor pp sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototoxÄĄottxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruqpÄĄppqstp

Ç?Çłsqvtsw pq pMJ

poovqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorptqqÄĄostvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lsxpttp po rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqpqxqq qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqpqxqq v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtooxJ+rxqqroSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtooxJ+rxqqroSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osqxtpJ+qwrpstSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S

W[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtoox

J+rxqqroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtooxJ+rxqqroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqxtpJ+qwrpstSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Q[J[L<osqxtpJ+qwrpstSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtooxJ+rxqqroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpooptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutvtt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HportpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqosroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?96


pX[7LtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;poĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qq@^LutqO[+T[bJUw.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTp.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/b=L.W[QpU[7Lx\ĆľT9Jrp\X@S]

W[+ž[\ğX\QH/rp.V[itxQ[\S utquqp W[9TbWL J+stqrtt <qrpsSWQj  \NS[SI

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotossoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<otourvJ+roquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpppwop qq 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ostptpJ+txqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<otourv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<oqpttvJ+tqttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqsqorv pu qMJ

opprrqÄĄoroqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostoqwÄĄourwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqptpsr u rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposxpsÄĄpprotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsppsÄĄotosso

ǜžqupxtp t sMJ

owssotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwswÄĄpopoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqt(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[S[\H<pooqpoJ+sqqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqvoq qq (

J+roquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otprqvJ+opxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]roprtr v sMJ

ototqtÄĄoutrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovswovÄĄporosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTsqsrux pp sMJ

owoqqqÄĄoxqtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxrpÄĄorsppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqvptrr pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovswovÄĄowsqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqqqÄĄ

U\Lsxqqrq po rMJ

popoqxÄĄpptqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxptqqÄĄporrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqpqupq qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqpqupq v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otouqxJ+roqsoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<pooqorJ+sqqprtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<otouqxJ+roqsoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9

Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pooqorJ+ sqqprtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otouqxJ+roqsoSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pooqorJ+sqqprtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V S[\H<pooqorJ+sqqprtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otouqxJ+roqsoSI[+L[H 1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Q[J[L<otouqxJ+roqsoS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<pooqorJ+sqqprt SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqoxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutrtx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqoortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orputwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?97


qX[7LtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;ppĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qr@^LutqO[+T[bJUx.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTq.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/b=L.W[QqU[7Lpo\ĆľT9Jrp\X@S] UjL59[JU]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SUjL>H^­Q[W½Ă&#x201C;H-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<otpqpvJ+ropuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqowro qr 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<otprooJ+opwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<oppqtrJ+topvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vvvpr pv qMJ

posxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqtpÄĄoprupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqpwopÄĄ

O^Kqptqtrv u rMJ

ourxotÄĄovqoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprsosÄĄorptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqvrqqr u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxotÄĄovtvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsusoÄĄotosts

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrv(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[S[\H<posrtoJ+sstqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptxsv qr (

otpqpvJ+ropuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otorrwJ+txtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rppotp v sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrusxÄĄopprsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowssptÄĄ

QĂžTsqtpqpx pp sMJ

orspqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottxttÄĄoutsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłsqvqtqs pq pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLototspÄĄousvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvqsÄĄourxot

U\Lsxqxpu po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqpqrp qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqpqrp v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<posrsrJ+ssttSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<posrsrJ+ssttSI[+L[Hpq

suwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<posrsrJ+ssttSI[+L[H 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otpqoxJ+ropupoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otpqoxJ+ropupoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otprpsJ+opwtqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otpqoxJ+

ropupoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<posrsr J+ssttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutoor Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?98


rX[7LtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs@^LutqO[+T[bJUpo.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTr.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/b=L.W[QrU[7Lpp\ĆľT9Jrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototoxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ossvqrJ+qxprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opooru qs 

Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[S[\H<pottpwJ+ssrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osqrrvJ+twprqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqoxpo pw qMJ

ouoopqÄĄoxrvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqsoÄĄoxquovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqptttqr u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqotuÄĄowoqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqproqÄĄoqtxtv

ǜžqwsstu u pMJ

orspspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopotuÄĄpptqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsv(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotottx\Oj[LoxrvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqrstw qs (

otorrsJ+txtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ossvqrJ+qxprro

Â&#x201E;OT]rqvto v sMJ

Ă&#x201C;ĆŹS[\H<ppstqoJ+surwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsqtswrs pp sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotottxÄĄouoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopprttÄĄoqowow

Ç?Çłsqvrtqp pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostosvÄĄotstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtxtvÄĄ

U\Lsxrur po rMJ

pptqruÄĄoprsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppoqtÄĄoqqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqppxto qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqppxto v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<pottrqJ+ssrrtqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<pottrqJ+ssrrtqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

pottrqJ+ssrrtqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ossvpuJ+qxprpqtS I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H< pottrqJ+ssrrtqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ossvpuJ+qxprpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ossvpuJ+

qxprpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<ossvpuJ+qxprpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<pottrqJ+

ssrrtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqoqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousuov

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?99


sX[7LtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;prĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt@^LutqO[+T[bJUpp.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTs.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/b=L.W[QsU[7Lpq\ĆľT9Jrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrpwJ+qutvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opttor qt 

M_O­[V[i[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osqrttJ+twpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ttqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;S[\H<oxttqwJ+sqqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wrqutu px qMJ

ÄĄoppsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqporÄĄoxqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprpqx

O^Kqpuross u rMJ

\JLoroqroÄĄortusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprusrÄĄoqpwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqxtvro u pMJ

owqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporsouÄĄpptqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtu(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[S[\H<porxoqJ+srtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opprtt qt (

MS<ortrpwJ+qutvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<orpuptJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rrsto v sMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotoupvÄĄoutsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporpro

QĂžTsquqstq pp sMJ

ÄĄoqpwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortusqÄĄotstovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ç?Çłsqvstqs pq pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpuorÄĄostvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousvttÄĄ

U\Lsxsqtr po rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqppurx qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqppurx v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<porxpvJ+srtqroSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

porxpvJ+srtqroSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrrrJ+qutwpoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<porxpvJ+srtqroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrrrJ+

qutwpoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrrrJ+qutwpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovroqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqppooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousqpp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orotppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?100


tX[7LtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;psĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu@^LutqO[+T[bJUpq.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTt.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHps/b=L.W[QtU[7Lpr\ĆľT9Jrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrrsqJ+qrrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqps qu 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrrsqJ+qrrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovstouJ+ruruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLovsxpoÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpvow qo qMJ

otstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxqsÄĄovqpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxquqtÄĄ

O^Kqpvppqt u sMJ

oppspvÄĄoqowqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqprqtÄĄpqttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpppov u qMJ

orpupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvspÄĄoxpttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxot(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H<oxtwpwJ+sqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optvtx qu (

\Oj[L<opsssuJ+tprsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]rspto w pMJ

porpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppspvÄĄoroqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortutpÄĄ

QĂžTsqvppt pq pMJ

pprpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprutuÄĄorooquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsqvttrq pq pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLouswpqÄĄowqxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprsruÄĄ

U\Lsxsxsu po rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqpprqw qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqpprqw v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<oxtwppJ+sqwtvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

oxtwppJ+sqwtvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ S[\H<oxtwppJ+sqwtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxtwppJ+

sqwtvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrrru J+qrrvroSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrrruJ+qrrvroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtwppJ+sqwtvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotoxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourwpu Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?101


uX[7LtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;ptĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv@^LutqO[+T[bJUpr.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTu.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/b=L.W[QuU[7Lps\ĆľT9Jrp \X@S]Ç?ÇłM_\G­Q[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<pqtpquJ+pxqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lortpto qv 

9SGOO\Oj[L<pqtpquJ+pxqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<pptrov

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

roquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotoutuÄĄouttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xosvrt qp qMJ

O[bS[S[\HovqpptÄĄoxqurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvoxÄĄotottx

O^Kqpvtvx u sMJ

potootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppquovÄĄpqqopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqpqqqss u qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowroosÄĄpopprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqxqpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpq(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtuqpJ+rxrrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqswpr qv (

J+suttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚQ[J[L<otpvqxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rstwtq w pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrvsvÄĄppquovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortutwÄĄotstpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqvrvsp pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowrwÄĄortutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqurrÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqwtsu pq pMJ

potootÄĄpprptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrpqÄĄoprssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsxtusp po rMJ

orsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqppopw qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqppopw v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtuptJ+rxrrpvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqtpqoJ+pxqpSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtuptJ+ rxrrpvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pqtpqoJ+pxqpSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtuptJ+rxrrpvtS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<potoqpJ+pspvsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtuptJ+rxrrpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

potoqpJ+pspvsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pqtpqoJ+pxqpSI[+L[H 9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<potoqpJ+pspvsqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqtpqoJ+pxqpSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtuptJ+rxrrpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

potoqpJ+pspvsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpptopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoursqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqqu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoppsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?102


vX[7LtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;puĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw@^LutqO[+T[bJUps.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTv.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/b=L.W[QvU[7Lpt\ĆľT9Jrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<potppqJ+pspxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lostqrt qw 

<ovrvtpJ+rupuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owrurrJ+wsqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpssvqq qq qMJ

pqttrtÄĄorootuQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotovpuÄĄouttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqpwsvrw u sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqusoÄĄpoowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpuqwÄĄ

ǜžqprrtqr u rMJ

pptqtsÄĄopppptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpx(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<owrurrJ+wsqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsstx qw (

potppqJ+pspxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<oxstpwJ+sprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rttttr w pMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtqwJ+qrsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QĂžTsqwpspq pq pMJ

porqpoÄĄoppsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrwopÄĄporqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqwpuu pq pMJ

ostwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostwooÄĄourxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lsporso po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;wqpvv qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqpvv v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ovrvssJ+rupupoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owruqtJ+wsptvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potpqtJ+ psqoqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owruqtJ+

wsptvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpo

pqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovrvssJ+rupupoSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<potpqtJ+psqoqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovrvssJ+rupupoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L <owruqtJ+wsptvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<potpqtJ+psqoqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<potpqtJ+

psqoqqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owruqtJ+wsptvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

potpqtJ+psqoqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovrvssJ+rupupoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owruqtJ+wsptvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouroqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwro

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoovsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opowpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?103


wX[7LtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qx@^LutqO[+T[bJUpt.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTw.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/b=L.W[QwU[7Lpu\ĆľT9Jrp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owrvpuJ+wsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottqqt qx 

ouovoxJ+rqqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG;S\Oj[L<owrvpu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ouprptJ+qsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqwtutt qr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotovrvÄĄoutttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqpxsqrt u sMJ

ostppwÄĄourxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworpoÄĄoxqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqpssws u rMJ

-X[ÄĄorsrooÄĄotouruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtoopÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqprtu qo rMJ

owrorvÄĄpopqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopqouÄĄpptrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqs(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ouprptJ+qsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ossvqp qx (

J+wsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovqttxJ+rtsttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rutqtu w qMJ

ppsroqJ+puqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<owsqpwJ+wttsvt

QĂžTsqwtosv pq pMJ

ovtoopÄĄporqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppssvÄĄorororÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqwqurp pq pMJ

oroppqÄĄorsrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotoqrÄĄpprqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lspoposp po sMJ

owssoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoworpoÄĄowsstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qqprtu v pMJ

9[TS[\HoxpupxÄĄporssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owrvroJ+wsssoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ouovqrJ+rqqxqqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrvroJ+wsssoS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouovqrJ+rqqxqqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owrvroJ+wsssoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouovqrJ+rqqxqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L <owrvroJ+wsssoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrvroJ+wsssoSI[+L[H MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouproxJ+qsqttSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrvroJ+wsssoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouproxJ+qsqttSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxroqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opttpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqsrs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoortpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/oposqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?104


xX[7LtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^LutqO[+T[bJUpu.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTx.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/b=L.W[QxU[7Lpv\ĆľT9Jrp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoutuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oupsqpJ+qstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousxou ro 

<osqxrtJ+qwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oupsqp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TO\Oj[L<orstpwJ+turqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poprprpp qs qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrwrpÄĄoppstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqqospst v pMJ

oqpxrwÄĄorsrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoqouÄĄoutupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpuosu u rMJ

orpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotovtxÄĄousxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwow

S[Č&#x2030;wqpost qo rMJ

orswrpÄĄotoutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqx(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<orstpwJ+turqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottrpr ro (

J+qstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otoopoJ+qxsoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rvsxuo w qMJ

<owsroqJ+wtvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<otrxosJ+ppust

QĂžTsqxqvqu pq pMJ

owstorÄĄpotorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpspoÄĄoprvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqwrvq pq pMJ

9^\T9S[\HourxrtÄĄovqpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtpsÄĄ

U\Lspopvss po sMJ

ÄĄourxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxrtÄĄovtwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qqpost v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<osqxtoJ+qwqsrvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupsprJ+qstrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqxto

J+qwqsrvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqxtoJ+qwqsrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupsprJ+ qstrtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orstrrJ+turqtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupsprJ+qstrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqxtoJ+qwqsrvtS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orstrrJ+turqtvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosowqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqorw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opooquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqstrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?105


poX[7LtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qoĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]p@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUpv.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTpo.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/b=L.W[QpoU[7Lpw\ĆľT9J rp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]L[;MÄ?Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<orsuqsJ+turttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsppr p 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxrpJ+qspqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qrqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oppvsqJ+toqqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqvrqsx qt rMJ

oqrursJ+trrxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLouoqqvÄĄ

O^Kqqpsstq v pMJ

otowqqÄĄouoqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptouÄĄoqoxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqpvprro u sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostpqtÄĄotstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoropssÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqotvrs qo rMJ

pptrtwÄĄoprtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppptrÄĄoqroqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrq(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<oppvsqJ+toqqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovooor q (

\Oj[L<orsuqsJ+turttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrptrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rwsvs w qMJ

;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<otsopoJ+ppxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

QĂžTtosw pq qMJ

oxrwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworpuÄĄoxqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsqwsvrw pq pMJ

ovqpquÄĄoworpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsqpÄĄoropssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspoqsto po sMJ

orsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopqrsÄĄpptrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qqotvrs v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrpsuJ+qrqwroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxstJ+qsprqvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

O`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsoorJ+ppxpqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrpsuJ+qrqwroS

I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxstJ+qsprqvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxstJ+

qsprqvtSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxstJ+qsprqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oppvtvJ+toqquoS

I[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otsoorJ+ppxpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxst J+qsprqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oppvtvJ+toqquoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovoussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LososqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpusr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqspruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?106


ppX[7LtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qpĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]q@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUpw.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTpp.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/b=L.W[QppU[7Lpx\ĆľT9J rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovrvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<potssxJ+ssqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqwrr q 

oppptxJ+qowtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG;S\Oj[L<pqououJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[S[\H<pprvsoJ+supqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppptqpt qu rMJ

ovqpquÄĄoxqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqsoÄĄoqqooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqqqtprx v pMJ

ortvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprwpuÄĄoqqooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqpwqupt u sMJ

9[TS[\HportotÄĄpptrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrs(

(.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowottu r (

pvqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<potssxJ+ssqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]rxssx w qMJ

otowstÄĄoututqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrotÄĄopptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTtosott pq qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvqsÄĄotstrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororqpÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqwtwpx pq pMJ

orputqÄĄostwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutoouÄĄowrpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsporptw po sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqotsqs qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqotsqs v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppptqJ+qovsvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqottxJ+pvqrtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppptqJ+

qovsvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppptqJ+qovsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<potssqJ+ssqstqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<potssqJ+ssqstqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[

Q[X[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<pqottxJ+pvqrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppptqJ+qovsvtS I[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<potssqJ+

ssqstqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ .\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovoqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?107


pqX[7LtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUpx.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTpq.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/b=L.W[QpqU[7Lqo\ĆľT9J rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovtxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsotvJ+rwsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxppto r 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxsutoJ+pprspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsotv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsuspJ+rxrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppquvtv qv rMJ

-X[ÄĄortvqvÄĄotstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxrpÄĄovqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqqspts v qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopptqqÄĄoqoxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpssqÄĄ

ǜžqpxrxq u sMJ

oprtrwÄĄorputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtwotÄĄoxpurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrt(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<ppspsoJ+puqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxpoor s (

J+rwsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovrwrxJ+upqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rposppt w rMJ

\JLovtpprÄĄporrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptqqÄĄororqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtppvst pq qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxqvovÄĄpprqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwroÄĄoroqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqxxt pq pMJ

pqturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutoqvÄĄowrpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lsporxw po sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqotppr qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqotppr v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppsprrJ+puqouoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsppoJ+rwtoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L< poqqqpJ+prpuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ

O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxsvosJ+pprssvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[  Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsppoJ+rwtoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QV

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsprrJ+puqouoSI[+L[Hqrtv

xpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqqqpJ+prpuoSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqs quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppsprrJ+puqouoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsppoJ+rwtoqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owsppoJ+rwtoqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxsvosJ+pprssvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppsprrJ+puqouoSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsppoJ+rwtoqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqqqpJ+ prpuoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxswowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqswrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?108


prX[7LtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSpsX[7L>[ŃqrØ]KSQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]s@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUqo.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTpr.V[itvs…QcHqr/b=L.W[QprU[7Lqp\ƵT9J rp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ Q[J[L<ouspouJ+rrswtqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtqpx s 

\Oj[L<oxqortJ+poqurqt„Mj[I[+L[H9`\ġ9[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

rrswtqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<otsvqwJ+prrst„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9opopurs p sMJ

\JLotoxrrġoutvrq„Mj[-X[ġoxrxrpġppqvrp„Mj[

O^Kqqtptqp v qMJ

-X[ġoprwssġotowqq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoqoxroġortvqx

Ƕ¾qqotpto v pMJ

pqqpro„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpotpoqġpprqtv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[ȉwqoswq qo rMJ

9[TS[\Hoqrpowġorsxst„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrt(

I[+L[HLOQ]LíÊ-\LjL]\Oj[L<poqqtqJ+prrpvt„Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpopqqw t (

ovrxquJ+upssqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<ouspouJ+

„OT]rpprwqr w rMJ

;S„R[;U_TQ[J[L<ouovpuJ+rqqspvt„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě-Q`HbR[;

QþTtptsso pq qMJ

-X[ġortvqxġotstqw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovqpqsġoxqvpo„Mj[

Ǐdzsqxpxtu pq pMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxqvpoġpotpoq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvrpġ

U\Lsposuqp po sMJ

pptsrpġoprtst„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrqoqġpoprpu„Mj[(

„9H^qqoswq v pMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<poqrouJ+prrtqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<oxqoqwJ+poquptSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\Êj

OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 „W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqrtvxpppqps pupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<poqrouJ+prrtqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LíÊH\Oj[L<oxqoqwJ+poquptSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\L XO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<poqrouJ+prrtqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxqoqwJ+poquptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oxqoqwJ+poquptSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ousotxJ+rrswrt SI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrxpxJ+

upsqtSI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqrouJ+prrtqtSI[+L[H

XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ousotx J+rrswrtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxqoqwJ+poquptS I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loutstw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxposv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lppqqsq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprtrw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[ortqsq„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louousx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owostt

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxsspq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppprqr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqsssq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxsv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrsqs„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď109


psX[7LtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSptX[7L>[ŃqsØ]KSQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]t@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUqp.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTps.V[itvs…QcHqs/b=L.W[QpsU[7Lqq\ƵT9J rp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ Q[J[L<ostxpvJ+qxrrpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hporpqv t 

<owrxruJ+wsrqt„Mj[I[+L[H„S[\XG]9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ospuqvJ+tvstpo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;;Ě

„@[T[9oqsptv q sMJ

pqtvooġoroqtrQbXŃbR[;\JLotoxtwġoutvtr„Mj[

O^Kqqurpsw v qMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqvprġpooxpp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvoqġ

Ƕ¾qqqsso v pMJ

pptsosġoppqss„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrs(

JUQ]LíÊPSG]\Oj[L<oxqotxJ+poqvrqt„Mj[I[+L[H9`\ġ9[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppprss u (

otsvtqJ+prsst„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ostxpvJ+qxrrpvt„Mj[

„OT]rpqrtrp w rMJ

„O\LSMS<orsqpsJ+quqoso„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QþTtqrprw pq qMJ

-X[ġporrssġopptrv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrxsuġporrss

Ǐdzsqxrotq pq pMJ

ostwpr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostwprġourxqr„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lspotrru po sMJ S[ȉwqosstp qo rMJ „9H^qqosstp v pMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<oxqotrJ+poqvpvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<orsqovJ+quqoqqtSI[+L[H O`VS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[ \OM[H\Oj[L<owrxqxJ+wsqstSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<orsqovJ+quqoqqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oxqotrJ+poqvpvtS I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owrxqxJ+wsqstSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt pvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxqotrJ+poqvpvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oxqotrJ+poqvpvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/

Q[J[L<ostxoxJ+qxrqtvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otswowJ+prtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT

/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ostxoxJ+qxrqtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owrxqxJ+wsqstSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loutpop„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxoutq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpppwsv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprpsq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[orswsu„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louoqtr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owootx

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxsopu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppoxqv„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqsosu„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqttp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osroqx„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď110


ptX[7LtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]u@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUqq.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTpt.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/b=L.W[QptU[7Lqr\ĆľT9J rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxoxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrxsuJ+quprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppporu u 

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<owqrqvJ+wprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

quprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oroxrrJ+tstutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pwpu r sMJ

otpoqrÄĄoutwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtqpoÄĄporrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqqvtpr v rMJ

oworpuÄĄoxqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄororppÄĄorstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqrpvrp v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtqpoÄĄowsuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoworpuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqospso qo rMJ

poprssÄĄpptstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpustÄĄportqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrp(

I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<owsoopJ+wsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqpsro v (

osputpJ+tvsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrxsuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rprrqso w sMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprtpsJ+qpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtrwso pq qMJ

opptssÄĄororrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpquÄĄourxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłsqxsptr pq pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotppsÄĄpprrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstpoÄĄotoxox

U\Lsppotr po sMJ

owstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrqrvÄĄpoprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qqospso v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owrxtsJ+wsrsvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owqrqoJ+wppvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrxtsJ+wsrsvtS I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrxtsJ+wsrsvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< owqrqoJ+wppvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqrqoJ+wppvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L <owrxtsJ+wsrsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsoopJ+qupstSI[+L[H 1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrxtsJ+wsrsvt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsoopJ+qupstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owqrqoJ+wppvtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxoqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtvoq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppotrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?111


puX[7LtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;quĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]v@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUqr.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTpu.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/b=L.W[QpuU[7Lqs\ĆľT9J rp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9[\Q9[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsurtJ+qrtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptpou v 

Q`;\US[\Oj[L<owrtosJ+wqxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trpwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<ppsxouJ+purtsqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqprqso s sMJ

owstptÄĄpotpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptqrÄĄoprxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqqxpqts v rMJ

9^\T9S[\HourxppÄĄovqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruorÄĄ

ǜžqqsroqs v qMJ

ÄĄourxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxppÄĄovtvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortost

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqw(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<owqrrpJ+wpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opptot w (

MS<oqsurtJ+qrtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oqrossJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpsqxto w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsopuÄĄoppttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTtrstsu pq rMJ

oqqpqvÄĄorstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouossrÄĄoutwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqxtqtw pq pMJ

orpvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotposxÄĄoutptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwow

U\Lsppwpr po sMJ

ÄĄotoxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqorwro qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqorwro v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owqrqsJ+wpqvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqroruJ+trpwqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

owrtpwJ+wrovtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqrqsJ+wpqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqroruJ+trpwqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[  H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqrqsJ+wpqvtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrtpwJ+wrovtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqrqsJ+wpqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsuqwJ+qrtxvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqsuqwJ+qrtxvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqrqsJ+ wpqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsuqwJ+qrtxvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owrtpwJ+wrovtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotttopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtrou

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppopruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?112


pvX[7LtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]w@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUqs.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTpv.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/b=L.W[QpvU[7Lqt\ĆľT9J rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxtwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqppJ+qqtvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqrsos w 

Q`;\US[\Oj[L<owrtowJ+wqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[\Oj[L<oxputs

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qqtvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oqqpswJ+tqttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qsswsr t sMJ

oxqvqoJ+porxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLouotovÄĄ

O^Krorvpo v sMJ

otppptÄĄouotovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppttuÄĄoqoxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqqtsrpw v qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostpqoÄĄotstppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HororsvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqortpx qo rMJ

ppttoxÄĄopruovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopprqqÄĄoqrqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpppt\Oj[LoxsorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqptpx x (

J+poprÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqppJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rptqvq w sMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<poquooJ+prutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<

QĂžTtsqqtt pq rMJ

oxsorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworpoÄĄoxqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłtosx pq qMJ

ovqpouÄĄoworpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptrqÄĄororsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsppptrs po sMJ

orsttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopsppÄĄppttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qqortpx v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owrtooJ+wqxqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxpvowJ+poprrtSI[+L[H\QI^L

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrtooJ+

wqxqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrtooJ+wqxqqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxpvowJ+poprrtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owrtooJ+

wqxqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

oxpvowJ+poprrtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqoqJ+

qqtutvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxpvowJ+poprrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS <oqqqoqJ+qqtutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrtooJ+wqxqqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqoqJ+qqtutvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxpvowJ+poprrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowttorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsxpq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?113


pwX[7LtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]x@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUqt.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTpw.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/b=L.W[QpwU[7Lqu\ĆľT9J rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqwssJ+qrpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqopv

M^LO­W^9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqwssJ+qrpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+porwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<owtrpqJ+xpqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpvswtw u sMJ

oppuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqotxÄĄoxqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrrtÄĄ

O^Krqrsp v sMJ

ororrwÄĄortvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprxtrÄĄoqqptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqutups v rMJ

owrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportsqÄĄpptsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpw(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<oxpurvJ+popqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

x O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorpsqs po (

<oqsrtqJ+trsxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<oxqvor

Â&#x201E;OT]rpuqsps w sMJ

\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotppsqÄĄoutxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsrtÄĄ

QĂžTttox pq rMJ

oqqptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvqvÄĄotstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłtoptqr pq qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpvotÄĄostvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutqruÄĄ

U\Lsppqqtv po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;wqorqw qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqorqw v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxpuroJ+popqSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owtrqvJ+xprptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<poqxpq J+prpqrvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[ M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxpuroJ+popqSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L <owtrqvJ+xprptSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpx qpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxpuroJ+popqSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

poqxpqJ+prpqrvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxpuroJ+popqSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqxpqJ+prpqrvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxpuroJ+popqSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqqwrvJ+qrpqpvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxpuroJ+popqSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqwrvJ+qrpqpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<poqxpqJ+prpqrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpporosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovstpu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?114


pxX[7LtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]po@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUqu.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTpx.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/b=L.W[QpxU[7Lqv\ĆľT9J rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotposxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotttJ+qsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqoxtx

9SGU9^\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotttJ+qsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

xpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<owsqroJ+wssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rorruo v sMJ

ororrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqsÄĄotsstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwsrÄĄ

O^Krrrqpv w pMJ

orosqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuotÄĄoqoxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqqwxpq v rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopruptÄĄorpvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvssÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpp(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<poqwsqJ+prppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

po O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losppor pp (

orruoxJ+tttwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<owtqtvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvqpqw x pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovtrqwÄĄporssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuotÄĄ

QĂžTttrvqu pq rMJ

ovqotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvpuÄĄpprrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsoovÄĄ

Ç?Çłtoqusq pq qMJ

pqpttoÄĄpqtvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutqtwÄĄowrrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspproqq po sMJ

oxpussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqoqwtv qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqoqwtv v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<poqwrtJ+prpptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owtqtoJ+xppsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqwrtJ+prpptSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqr qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poqwrtJ+prpptSI[+L[H M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orouowJ+qssstvtS I[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owtqtoJ+xppsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<poqwrtJ+prpptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orouowJ+qssstvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovspqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqouprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?115


qoX[7LtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;roĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pp@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUqv.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTqo.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHro/b=L.W[QqoU[7Lqw\ĆľT9J rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<ospqruJ+qvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oroqsr

9SGL[;Q[J[L<ospqruJ+qvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ostupo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<owtptwJ+xvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rprtx w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqoÄĄotsssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqosqÄĄoxqvpt

O^Krtqsx w pMJ

ortvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqvptÄĄpotprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqqxqqpo v rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppttrsÄĄoprupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrsotÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxor(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<pqoxruJ+pvqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

pp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotosop pq (

J+txpvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<owsprpJ+wsqpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwpwsr x pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotpqruÄĄovooosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxspptÄĄppqwsq

QĂžTtupssv pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsoqpÄĄotppptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxtrÄĄ

Ç?Çłtorwu pq qMJ

ppqwsqÄĄpqqqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotprvÄĄpprrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspprvsx po sMJ

popssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrrosÄĄortqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqoqtsu qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqoqtsu v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqoxqxJ+pvqqpqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owspsuJ+wsqttSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqoxqxJ+pvqqpqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqoxqxJ+pvqqpqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ospqqwJ+qvqxsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\L I[bL/Q[J[L<ospqqwJ+qvqxsoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owspsuJ+wsqttS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqoxqxJ+pvqqpqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ospqqwJ+qvqxsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpottppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opowouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrvqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?116


qpX[7LtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;p3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUqw.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTqp.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpX[z[L.W[QqpU[7Lqx\ĆľT9J rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<otssoxJ+rppvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortvqp

Q<[9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<osttpoJ+txptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<owtotxJ+xssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqtqsrp x rMJ

S[\HpqtwqoÄĄorotopQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotprosÄĄovooquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krurtx w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvpqÄĄpooxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvooÄĄ

ǜžrortpp v sMJ

ppttooÄĄoppsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtr(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqptqpJ+qqrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

pq O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottqqt pr (

otssoxJ+rppvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ourvsvJ+rrorvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxpttx x pMJ

I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<oxpvrvJ+popopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTtutqpp pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄportpoÄĄoppuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxspqxÄĄportpo

Ç?Çłtosxrs pq qMJ

ostvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostvrxÄĄourwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lsppstpv po sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqoqqru qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqoqqru v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqptpsJ+qqrtqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S 9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqptpsJ+qqrtqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV 99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqptpsJ+qqrtqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqptpsJ+qqrtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otssopJ+rppvqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otssopJ+rppvqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L< otssopJ+rppvqqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owtotqJ+xsroSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L< otssopJ+rppvqqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrrqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqprptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?117


qqX[7LtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;q3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pr@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUqx.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTqq.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqX[z[L.W[QqqU[7Lro\ĆľT9J rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqoxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovrsoqJ+rttpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostqrq

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ouruswJ+rqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<oxpurxJ+povsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9svrssu po rMJ

portqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuptÄĄororrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostoswÄĄ

O^Krwxx w qMJ

orsvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpsqÄĄpprrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrpswpr v sMJ

9^\T9S[\HowoqrvÄĄowsstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrssoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqopxqt qo rMJ

oxpurtÄĄporttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsr(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Q[J[L<osrxswJ+qwrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

pr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louruot ps (

ovrsoqJ+rttpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owrrsxJ+wpxrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqoprpu x qMJ

M\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotprrqÄĄovooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtsqvÄĄ

QĂžTtvqxrx pq sMJ

ourwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqrvÄĄoxqvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorotqoÄĄ

Ç?Çłtppt pq qMJ

orsvruÄĄotpqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtsqvÄĄowswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspptqsv po sMJ

poptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoptpsÄĄppttswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qqopxqt v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<osrxspJ+qwrtqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Q[J[L<osrxspJ+qwrtqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osrxspJ+qwrtqqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovrrttJ+rttotvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovrrttJ+rttotvtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrrttJ+rttotvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ \JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouruspJ+

rqvtqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L< osrxspJ+qwrtqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovrrttJ+rttotvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqxrq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqoxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?118


qrX[7LtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;r3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ps@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUro.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTqr.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHrX[z[L.W[QqrU[7Lp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqruO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<oxrsoqJ+sototÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otsvop

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owrqtoJ+wpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pprttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsptuÄĄoppupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spxrxq pp qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqqrqoÄĄorsvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouovruÄĄovoppp

O^Krxsssp w qMJ

orputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpsooÄĄoutsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvqo

ǜžrrppu v sMJ

ÄĄotpqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrp(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Q[J[L<ovpssrJ+rtpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

ps O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovptqu pt (

oxrsoqJ+sototÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<oxtqqrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqpport x qMJ

O[bS[S[\HowsssuÄĄpotpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuqqÄĄopspopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtwvpp pq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourvsxÄĄovqoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłtppqsp pq qMJ

ÄĄourvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourvsxÄĄovtvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrpu

U\Lspqopx po sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqopups qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqopups v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ovpstwJ+rtqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<porqrtJ+prptptSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

porqrtJ+prptptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovpstwJ+rtqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupw

qoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovpstwJ+rtqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovpstwJ+rtqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H< oxrrttJ+sosxsvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrqssJ+wputoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpstwJ+rtqqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxrrttJ+sosxsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouptrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqtru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxostqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqotqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?119


qsX[7LtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;s3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pt@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUrp.V[itxP[SH]j\W\PTqs.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHsX[z[L.W[QqsU[7Lq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<pprsoqJ+stswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousoov pu 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<porrttJ+prpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<pprsoq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLouowopÄĄoxsqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpsosu pq qMJ

-X[ÄĄoppupxÄĄoqoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxtsÄĄowoqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krppqprx w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorottwÄĄorswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoptrwÄĄ

ǜžrspsqp w pMJ

oppsstÄĄoqrsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpw(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]S[\H<oxtpotJ+sprproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtppu pu (

J+stswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<porpsuJ+prprpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqqvtt x qMJ

owoqpuÄĄoxqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpsqxÄĄouowopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtwsssv pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpuqxÄĄorottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostoqwÄĄotssoo

Ç?Çłtpqsqp pq qMJ

pptuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptuooÄĄopruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lspqvtq po sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqoprr qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqoprr v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxtotvJ+sprppoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxtotvJ+ sprppoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxtotvJ+sprppoSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\O ÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<pprspvJ+

stsxroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxtotvJ+sprppoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pprspvJ+stsxroS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<porprxJ+prpqttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtotv

J+sprppoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pprspvJ+stsxroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouppsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqpso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxootuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqopqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?120


qtX[7LtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;t3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUpX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTqt.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHtX[z[L.W[QqtU[7Lr \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<opqtoqJ+toqruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousoov pu 

\Oj[L<pqrosoJ+pwxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<opqtoqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotpstwÄĄovoptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tprsrrp pr qMJ

pprsppÄĄoqqrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortusvÄĄotsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Krpqtxtu w rMJ

oqqrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpusoÄĄostutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwos(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<oopwsvJ+svrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtppu pu (

toqruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<ppovrpJ+psspqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrtpv x qMJ

porttqÄĄoppuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxrxÄĄoxquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtxqqqu pq sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLororpwÄĄortusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopspquÄĄ

Ç?Çłtprut pq qMJ

outtptÄĄowrtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporttpÄĄppttqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrtqvqw w pMJ

U\Lspqptqv po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;wqoxtq qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqoxtq v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oopwspJ+svrwvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oopwspJ+svrwvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S

W[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opqstsJ+toqrsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

opqstsJ+toqrsoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ppovqrJ+

psspqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oopwspJ+svrwvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opqstsJ+toqrsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LportrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqswqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orotrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpvss

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoquprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?121


quX[7LtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;u3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUqX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTqu.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHuX[z[L.W[QquU[7Ls \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsooO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oqtwoqJ+tsptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrpso pv 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqprsuJ+qqqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ptsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLovttssÄĄporuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqttosv ps pMJ

O[bS[S[\HouruttÄĄovpxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqusxÄĄpprspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krpsrxqu w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpusqÄĄpqtxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLouttrwÄĄ

ǜžrusoru w qMJ

ovturrÄĄoxpuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvsx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<oqqxrtJ+trspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqsrr pv (

oqtwoqJ+tsptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<pprqtoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqsqso x rMJ

-X[ÄĄoppuqoÄĄororppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorturvÄĄotsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtpoox pr pMJ

-X[ÄĄopsprxÄĄorourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuqoÄĄoqoxsu

Ç?Çłtpsvtr pq qMJ

owrtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruqqÄĄorpurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lspqqrr po sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wqousq qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqousq v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqprrvJ+qqqtqvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqqxqxJ+trrttSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqprrvJ+

qqqtqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqqxqxJ+trrttSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqtvttJ+tsptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqtvttJ+tsptSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<pprrotJ+ptssvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[; M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oqqxqxJ+

trrttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oqtvttJ+tsptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouortpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowpxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oropruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovprsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?122


qvX[7LtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;v3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUrX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTqv.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHvX[z[L.W[QqvU[7Lt \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osourrJ+tvtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqptv pw 

9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtptJ+qtswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

puttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotptttÄĄovoqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uwtto pt pMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpxouÄĄoxquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsptpÄĄotpsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Krpuqoq w sMJ

potpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxrsÄĄpqqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžrvtrsu w qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowruotÄĄpopupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrtooÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvrq(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ospurwJ+tvrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtupx pw (

osourrJ+tvtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<ppsqpwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqtos x rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxsqsxÄĄppqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortuqvÄĄotsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtporvtu pr pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxsqÄĄortuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxquspÄĄ

Ç?Çłtptxss pq qMJ

potpssÄĄpprspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuptÄĄopruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspqroso po sMJ

ortsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqorrp qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqorrp v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ospuroJ+tvropqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ospuroJ+tvropqtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<osouquJ+tvtqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< ospuroJ+tvropqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osouquJ+tvtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

ospuroJ+tvropqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osouquJ+tvtqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L :[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppsqppJ+putsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osouquJ+tvtqt

SI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< ospuroJ+tvropqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovoxtq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpopwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppsxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?123


qwX[7LtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;w3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUsX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTqw.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHwX[z[L.W[QqwU[7Lu \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpstwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osotruJ+tvqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxpprs px 

<ospuorJ+tvqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[\Oj[L<otrtruJ+osust

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<osqxsrJ+qwrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<osstttJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqorpru pu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxqwÄĄorovprQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Krpwpsp x pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsropÄĄporuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqurrÄĄ

ǜžrxutv w qMJ

ostuptÄĄouruprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttrtÄĄopptquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvps(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<osstttJ+twsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxqvrt px (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osotruJ+tvqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rqttvro x rMJ

twsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<pprppvJ+ptrvpo

QĂžTtppptsu pr pMJ

otpuqtÄĄovororÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuqoÄĄoppupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłtqpprx pq qMJ

pooxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpupuÄĄostuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lspqrwpw po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;wqooqo qo rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqooqo v pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ossupoJ+twsrpoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<otrtqxJ+osuqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ossupoJ+twsrpoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[ O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

otrtqxJ+osuqvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ossupoJ+twsrpoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< otrtqxJ+osuqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otrtqxJ+osuqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ossupoJ+twsrpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprppoJ+ptrutqtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossupoJ+ twsrpoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

otrtqxJ+osuqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowppswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotovtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovottu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpopsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppstsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oproswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?124


qxX[7LtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;x3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qo@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUtX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTqx.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHxX[z[L.W[QqxU[7Lv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<osstsqJ+twsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpooppw qo 

<otrtooJ+ostptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ouqrtxJ+qsuro

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<ostrtxJ+qxqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ostssqJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vrpoqt pu sMJ

I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotputsÄĄovorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtuspÄĄ

O^Krpxsspt x pMJ

ourttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowopovÄĄoxquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorovrpÄĄ

ǜžrpoqopo w rMJ

ortopoÄĄotptquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtuspÄĄowsxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpxtvx qo qMJ

popuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopuroÄĄpptuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourutt(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ostssqJ+txrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtxqt qo (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<osstsqJ+twsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]rqutstv x sMJ

txrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<potutoJ+psxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtpptrrx pr pMJ

poruqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupuÄĄoroqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxpxÄĄ

Ç?Çłtqqrrw pq qMJ

ortopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpspÄĄpprspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lspqsttw po sMJ

9^\T9S[\HowopovÄĄowsrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrurwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qpxtvx u sMJ

oxptstÄĄportsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<otrtpsJ+osttoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ouqsprJ+qsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrtpsJ+osttoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqsprJ+

qsvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrtpsJ+osttoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ostsrtJ+txquoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ouqsprJ+qsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otrtpsJ+osttoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ostsrtJ+txquoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otrtpsJ+osttoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ostsrtJ+txquoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ouqsprJ+ qsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotortsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovoqop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppspsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?125


roX[7LtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;po3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUuX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTro.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpoX[z[L.W[QroU[7Lw\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; rp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ostsqwJ+txqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotptx qp 

\Oj[L<ouqsouJ+qsusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<ousqqwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ossvpuJ+qwsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpurtx pv sMJ

ppspqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<owrssuJ+wpqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Krqpqvsp x qMJ

potprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvoqÄĄopsqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqtowÄĄ

ǜžrpprrqs w rMJ

ourtqvÄĄovpwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprupoÄĄorpttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpxtrtw qo qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourtqvÄĄovttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortttqÄĄotpttt

O^SH/Q[J[Loururt(

JUQ]\Oj[L<osrqroJ+twurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporqtu qp (

rrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ostsqwJ+txqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqvtqqu x sMJ

osrqroJ+twurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<oxtvtuJ+

QĂžTtpqrprv pr pMJ

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrqsÄĄoppuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsrrrÄĄ

Ç?Çłtqrtso pq qMJ

ortorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouportÄĄovorsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lspqtrrx po sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotpvqrÄĄoutvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosttspÄĄourtqv

Â&#x201E;9H^qpxtrtw u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ouqrtxJ+qsuroSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ousqqpJ+rrppqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030; \Oj[L<owrsrxJ+wpptvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[\Oj[L<owrsrxJ+wpptvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqrtxJ+qsuroS

I[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousqqpJ+rrppqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspu

pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqrtxJ+qsuroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osrqstJ+twvpqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<

ouqrtxJ+qsuroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osrqstJ+twvpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ousqqpJ+rrppqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotswovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowortvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutwos

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpooursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?126


rpX[7LtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pp3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUvX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTrp.V[itvsÂ&#x2026;QcHppX[z[L.W[QrpU[7Lx \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]M\OĂ&#x160;[bS[ML]M^Ă&#x160;J[59[JU].\@9[ÄĄĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osrqrvJ+twutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppssqq qq 

\Oj[L<ousqrtJ+rrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<ourqoxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osposoJ+qvppuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqxprpq pw sMJ

wpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ousvtxJ+rssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H

O^Krqrpptr x qMJ

oxquosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpvtqÄĄouppopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrpqsuso w rMJ

pqpvouÄĄorowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosswstÄĄotsptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpxtosw qo qMJ

pptuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptuqvÄĄopruouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourupr(

59[JU]\Oj[L<orsprpJ+tttvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppoxqr qq (

rsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<osrqrvJ+twutqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqwsxtu x sMJ

orsprpJ+tttvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<owrstsJ+

QĂžTtprxrv pr pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouppopÄĄoxsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoorrÄĄ

Ç?Çłtqsvst pq qMJ

oppupoÄĄoqoxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvsvÄĄowoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lsprpqp po sMJ

9^\T9S[\HorowowÄĄortotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopuswÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qpxtosw u sMJ

oppttrÄĄoqruosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ousqqwJ+rrproSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ourqqsJ+rttSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ousqqwJ+rrproSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[ KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqq qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousqqwJ+rrproSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ourqqsJ+rttSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ousqqwJ+rrproSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orspqsJ+tttvrtSI[+L[H

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ourqqsJ+rttS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orspqsJ+tttvrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

orspqsJ+tttvrtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousqqwJ+rrproSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orspqsJ+tttvrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourqqsJ+rttSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotssppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowoooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutsow

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpooqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?127


rqX[7LtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pq3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qr@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUwX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTpX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpqX[z[L.W[QrqU[7Lpo\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; rp\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;9[SO[\LS0J0Ç&#x161;T.RX[O9S[0J Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotputsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oqqspsJ+tqsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrxos qr 

Q_T[\Oj[L<ourqrvJ+rtrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<otturwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qsqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oqqspsJ+tqsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpqrwx px sMJ

ossospJ+twqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotpwqqÄĄ

O^Krqstusw x rMJ

oxqttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprsqoÄĄoqqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžrprtxtv w sMJ

9^\T9S[\HopsqswÄĄoqqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorptrqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wpxsvrv qo qMJ

portqvÄĄppttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourttp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpwqq\Oj[LoxsrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptooq qr (

prsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orottxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqxsvqw x sMJ

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ouswqxJ+rstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

QĂžTtprsvsq pr qMJ

ovosrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporutpÄĄoppuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłtqtxts pq qMJ

orttqpÄĄotsprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqpuÄĄorttqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsprxr po sMJ

osttosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutvtrÄĄowrvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qpxsvrv u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ourqroJ+rtqoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otturoJ+prsvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^

;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L 99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspu

pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ourqroJ+rtqoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <otturoJ+prsvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ourqroJ+rtqoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqqsouJ+tqsrvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[>[bLg9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otturoJ+prsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqqsouJ+tqsrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otturoJ+

prsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqqsouJ+tqsrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourqro J+rtqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<oqqsouJ+tqsrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L <otturoJ+prsvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoowooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutopr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpproopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?128


pP[JtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pr3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUxX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTqX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHprX[z[L.W[QpP[Ȣpp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rqX[7LtxQ[\S utqvqr \L+bIg9[M[ J+prvst <porqSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oosspuJ+swrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprupr qs 

1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<ostxpoJ+txxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

swrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<ossprpJ+twqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqupwv qo sMJ

\JLovtvtsÄĄporutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuopÄĄoroqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krqusqqp x sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxqtsoÄĄpprspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqtwÄĄorowssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrptprpu w sMJ

opoootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutwpuÄĄowrvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtqv(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<ottvowJ+prtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqruox qs (

MS<oprutoJ+qosstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oosspuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sostq po pMJ

I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<oqptqqJ+tqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTtpsqtto pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄorttotÄĄotspovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoursowÄĄovpvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłtrpqu pq qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuopÄĄoqoxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvpqÄĄ

U\Lsprpusv po sMJ

oprttsÄĄorptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtsrqÄĄoxpstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpxssqu qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpxssqu u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ottvopJ+prtqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprvosJ+qostrqtSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<ostxorJ+txxpvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h] -ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprvosJ+qostrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V 9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ottvopJ+prtqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ostxorJ+txxpvtS I[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottvopJ+ prtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ottvopJ+prtqtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oossoxJ+swrqqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ( \Oj[L<ottvopJ+prtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ \Oj[L<oossoxJ+swrqqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

ostxorJ+txxpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoososÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousupv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?129


qP[JtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ps3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUpoX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTrX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpsX[z[L.W[QqP[Ȣpq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvtqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<posttxJ+srrurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtpt qt 

Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<orssosJ+tuortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxsoswJ+potqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpopprp qq pMJ

otpxqoÄĄovotptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxssovÄĄpproopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krqwqwqv x sMJ

opsrowÄĄotpvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowtrÄĄortsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrpuqurv w sMJ

pqqqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotpqpÄĄpprspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;wpxsppt qo qMJ

9[TS[\HoqrusxÄĄortvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtoq(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<ostxsoJ+txpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqwrw qt (

ppsvrpJ+pupoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<posttxJ+srrurvt

Â&#x201E;OT]spsqrv po pMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½S[\H<pprtpvJ+strxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtptsp pr qMJ

ortsswÄĄotsosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpuruÄĄoxqtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłtrqsqp pq rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqtqvÄĄpotpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpproopÄĄ

U\Lsprqsrp pp pMJ

ppturoÄĄoprtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrvttÄĄpopvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^qpxsppt u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<orsrtuJ+tuoptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

orsrtuJ+tuoptSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<posttpJ+srrupvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orsrtuJ+tuoptSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<posttpJ+srrupvtS I[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ppsvqtJ+pupopqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<posttpJ+srrupvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orsrtuJ+tuoptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovswprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqprosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqroowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousqqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?130


rP[JtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pt3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUppX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTsX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHptX[z[L.W[QrP[Ȣpr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TLT\QTĂ&#x2DC;[OL]M_\G­Q[S[:]M_\G­Q[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrrwJ+rwsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorrssu qu 

<oqptrvJ+tqpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxspso

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovqrosJ+tutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqspupp qr pMJ

oroxpxQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpxtoÄĄovotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvpoÄĄ

O^Ksopts po pMJ

oxqtprÄĄpoowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpstoÄĄostsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpvrxtx x pMJ

oppuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursru(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<orssttJ+tuqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqvro qu (

J+potsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrrwJ+rwsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]sqsopr po pMJ

owsrsqJ+rwqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoopvÄĄ

QĂžTtptsqpu pr qMJ

oppttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsspuÄĄporvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłtrrurx pq rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostsooÄĄourrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttsuÄĄ

U\Lsprrqpu pp pMJ S[Č&#x2030;wpxrws qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpxrws u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrrpJ+rwspqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqpttqJ+tqpwtqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrrpJ+

rwspqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp

prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqpttqJ+tqpwtqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrrpJ+rwspqtS

I[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqpttqJ+tqpwtqtSI[+L[H

<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrrpJ+rwspqtSI[+L[H 9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxsprrJ+potspvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrrpJ+rwspqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqoxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourwqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oporpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?131


sP[JtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pu3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qv@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUpqX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTtX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpuX[z[L.W[QsP[Ȣps\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwtpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ouppttJ+rqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrqsw qv 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovqspvJ+txttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<otsspqJ+rotxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9powqxpu qs pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptsrÄĄoropqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvooÄĄourqrx

O^Ksqqv po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpowÄĄpprsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqspÄĄ

ǜžrpwtrqq x pMJ

ovtwsxÄĄowsptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrwqsÄĄpopvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpxrstr qo qMJ

porstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursow(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<oorxpuJ+swpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrprs qv (

ouppttJ+rqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ostwqxJ+txspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]srrvtq po qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqopxÄĄovottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtwsvÄĄporvpt

QĂžTtpuqors pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtwsxÄĄoxqstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroxrvÄĄortqsp

Ç?Çłtrswuo pq rMJ

otpwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtwsvÄĄowtpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lsprsoq pp pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopvqvÄĄpptuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpspqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qpxrstr u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oorxroJ+swpustSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqspoJ+txrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oorxro J+swpustSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouppsvJ+rqwsoS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oorxroJ+ swpustSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ouppsvJ+ rqwsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oorxroJ+swpustSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ouppsvJ+rqwsoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovqspoJ+txrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ouppsvJ+rqwsoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oorxroJ+swpustSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqotpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loursqw Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqtxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orosooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?132


tP[JtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pv3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qw@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUprX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTuX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpvX[z[L.W[QtP[Ȣpt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxqoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstpoJ+quottÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqvrp qw 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ostxqoJ+txuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tqtspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsosrJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqqsvrr qt pMJ

O[bS[S[\HowsprsÄĄpotpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvpwÄĄopsrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksrsxrs po qMJ

ovoupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourqovÄĄovptpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžrqousw x qMJ

-X[ÄĄostrpqÄĄourqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourqovÄĄovtrop

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrso(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJS[\H<potxqoJ+ssuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrwso qw (

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstpoJ+quottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oqrotxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ssrtrq po qMJ

qrpxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxssrtÄĄopptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtputwtu pr rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqqustÄĄortrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouprrsÄĄ

Ç?Çłtspqs pq rMJ

oprtqrÄĄorpspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqoswÄĄoutxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lsprsvsx pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortwquÄĄotpxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpxrpsr qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpxrpsr u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[S[\H<potxrsJ+ssuttSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[

L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsotwJ+qrqoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ S[\H<potxrsJ+ssuttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<potxrsJ+ssuttSI[+L[H prtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<potxrsJ+ssuttS I[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstqrJ+qupqvtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<potxrsJ+ssuttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstqrJ+ qupqvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsotwJ+qrqoqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT

/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstqrJ+qupqvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<potxrsJ+ssuttSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ 

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxswqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqoppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosrqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourorq Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orooosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?133


uP[JtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pw3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUpsX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTvX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpwX[z[L.W[QuP[Ȣpu\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxtoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppwqtJ+pxtqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupwoo qx 

Â&#x201E;SOH]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppwqtJ+pxtqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ptrwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<owrtouJ+wrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppvvru qu qMJ

oxqsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqppwÄĄouprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kstrvpx po qMJ

pqpvpwÄĄorpoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossupqÄĄotrwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqpqops x qMJ

pptuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptuquÄĄoprtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrpo(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJS[\H<oxqoswJ+rxtwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otsuqv qx (

<ooouorJ+sutosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<pprutsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]strrps po qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouprtxÄĄoxsssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtwooÄĄ

QĂžTtpvrvqq pr rMJ

opptqwÄĄoqowoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpssvÄĄovtwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłtsprto pq rMJ

9^\T9S[\HorpoppÄĄortrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvrxÄĄ

U\Lsprttru pp pMJ

oppussÄĄoqrvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpxqwrq qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpxqwrq u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<oxqospJ+rxtwqvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprusuJ+ptrwsoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxqospJ+

rxtwqvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxqospJ+rxtwqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppwpwJ+pxtqroSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pottooJ+prtrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprusuJ+

ptrwsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <oppwpwJ+pxtqroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqospJ+rxtwqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pottooJ+prtrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owottrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqtproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?134


vP[JtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;px3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUptX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTwX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpxX[z[L.W[QvP[Ȣpv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqopxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<potttwJ+prttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovosqo ro 

ovswqsJ+ruurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<potttw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owspsqJ+wpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqpqtto qv qMJ

I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotqpsvÄĄovovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvqwÄĄ

O^Ksvqtqp po rMJ

oqqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortroxÄĄotrwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžrqqrrsr x qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorprsqÄĄostqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovooquÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqrx(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<owspsqJ+wpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loutrqo rp (

J+prttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxsvrtJ+spsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]surotw po qMJ

owrttvJ+wtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<otspqpJ+osvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtpwpttp pr rMJ

opptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpspvÄĄoxqsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprsopÄĄ

Ç?Çłtsquqo pq rMJ

oroorrÄĄortroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrtrÄĄoqqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspsrqr pp pMJ

owrxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporsroÄĄppttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpxqtqp qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpxqtqp u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovswpvJ+ruuptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<oxsvqwJ+spspqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrupoJ+wttvtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ S[\H<oxsvqwJ+spspqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L

99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqq

qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovswpvJ+ruuptSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovswpvJ+

ruuptSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<potttp

J+prttpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsprtJ+wpwpvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrupoJ+wttvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potttpJ+prttpoSI[+L[H

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovswpvJ+ruupt

SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owsprtJ+wpwpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppoqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqsvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?135


wP[JtxQ[\S„T/M[9M[uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSxP[J>[Ńqo3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]rp@^T[/utqO[+T[bJUpuX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTxX[7Ltvs…QcHqoX[z[L.W[QwP[Ȣpw\ƵTXĉrp \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqoswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owsqrqJ+wqoso„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovsvqt rp 

W\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊ-\LjL]Q[J[L<ouqutoJ+rqspqt„Mj[I[+L[H

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

ovsopuJ+rtst„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ousptvJ+rpvuo„Mj[

„@[T[9otrwsu p qMJ

oqtwqrJ+trtxt„Mj[I[+L[HǝO-Q`HbR[;\JLovtxtsġ

O^Ksxprrt po rMJ

otrvtq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houroqtġovprsu„Mj[-X[ġoxqrtpġ

Ƕ¾rqrsvpr x rMJ

opptoxġoqovsq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqpvpvġopoorx„Mj[(

S[ȉwpxqqpo qo qMJ

orprqr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hovtpsrġoxprop„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqov(

VƊ]\Oj[L<ousptvJ+rpvuo„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtwsq p (

PSG]9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<owsqrqJ+wqoso„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

„OT]svqwsr po rMJ

I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;;Ě\Oj[L<otsqpoJ+osxst„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ\Oj[L<

QþTtpwtsqr pr rMJ

porvrq„Mj[-X[ġopptoxġoroopt„Mj[-X[ġortqsvġ

Ǐdztsrwtp pq rMJ

pprrtu„Mj[-X[ġopssopġorposs„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lspspppp pp pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovoosvġowrxpw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprstqġ

„9H^qpxqqpo u sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[@ʼnQ[J[L<ouqusrJ+rqspvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<ouqusr J+rqspvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L< ouqusrJ+rqspvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ousqpoJ+

rpwrqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsqsuJ+wqpptSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< ousqpoJ+rpwrqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otsqquJ+otoqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owsqsuJ+

wqpptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ouqusrJ+rqspvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ousqpoJ+rpwrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovqsrw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxrurr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lppsxqx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH „OL^9[oqourr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Losqoso„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loupwsu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovtwoq

„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxqvps„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpotwrq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpqsrrx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqswpt„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otostq„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď136


xP[JtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qp3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]p.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUpvX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTpoX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqpX[z[L.W[QxP[Ȣpx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqppwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ousqswJ+rqovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqwrp p 

otqosqJ+qxtstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ousqsw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<otooppJ+txqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opxsrpq q qMJ

ovovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxstouÄĄpproorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqqsÄĄ

O^Ksppptx po sMJ

otqppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqovqwÄĄortqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžrqtoss x rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotoqsÄĄpprrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptupvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wpxpwtx qo qMJ

oqrwquÄĄortxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourprs(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<otooppJ+txqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxoqrx q (

J+rqovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otsxoxJ+rpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]swqurp po rMJ

ooqxovJ+svsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqqstÄĄ

QĂžTtpxrqtx pr rMJ

otrvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovprptÄĄoxqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssowÄĄ

Ç?Çłtstpqu pq rMJ

oxqrrqÄĄpotoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpproorÄĄpqqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspspwtx pp pMJ

oprssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrxrpÄĄpopvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qpxpwtx u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<otqoruJ+qxtsrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ooqxqpJ+svstpvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ooqxqp J+svstpvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otqoruJ+qxtsrvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otqoruJ+qxtsrvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ousqsoJ+rpxsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otqoruJ+qxtsrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V \Oj[L<otooquJ+txrSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousqsoJ+rpxsvtSI[+L[HH[T :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otooquJ+txrSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 

9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ousqsoJ+ rpxsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

otqoruJ+qxtsrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otooquJ+txrSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppstrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otootuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?137


poP[JtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qr3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]q.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUpwX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTppX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqrX[z[L.W[QpoP[Ȣqo\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;S@Ĺ&#x2030;[Ć&#x2020;Q]@Ĺ&#x2030;

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpsvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otopoqJ+txsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxowtx q 

<osrsqsJ+qvtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGOO\Oj[L<otopoqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<orsostJ+ttsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9prruqp r rMJ

orpppuQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqrpsÄĄovowoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvrvÄĄ

O^Kspqtoqx po sMJ

oxqrprÄĄpoousrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpqsqÄĄostotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqupspw x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpoo(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<orsostJ+ttsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpootrt r (

txsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ospvtoJ+qvpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]sxqsqo po rMJ

popvqxJ+sqptrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoostÄĄ

QĂžTtqopprw pr sMJ

oppssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstprÄĄporvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłttsr pq rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostotvÄĄouqxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttqxÄĄoppvos

U\Lspsqusw pp pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpxptsx qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpxptsx u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osrspvJ+qvtvrvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L Â&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ospvsrJ+qvpupqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9 KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

osrspvJ+qvtvrvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osrspvJ+qvtvrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L

:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<orspooJ+ttsrpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L< ospvsrJ+qvpupqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osrspvJ+qvtvrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orspooJ+ttsrpqtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppsprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?138


ppP[JtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qs3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]r.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUpxX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTpqX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqsX[z[L.W[QppP[Ȣqp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S]Â&#x201E;;[9^T[Ć&#x2020;Q]LbĹ [¢WO

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oqsvpsJ+trqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtoox r 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orporvJ+qsqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rvrssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotqrsrÄĄovowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppvptuo s rMJ

-X[ÄĄossrttÄĄouqwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovttsrÄĄoxqqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kspsrxr pp pMJ

pprrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttouÄĄotqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžrqvqvtq x sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrxtuÄĄpopwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopwoqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louroqt(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Q[J[L<ospptoJ+qvopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppovsx s (

oqsvpsJ+trqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;XV­GÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtrwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spoqqpp po sMJ

-X[ÄĄowoospÄĄporvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsrvÄĄoqtxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtqotoqp pr sMJ

-X[ÄĄorpprqÄĄorttouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotooqÄĄ

Ç?Çłttpusq pq rMJ

owoospÄĄowtropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovttsrÄĄowrxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspsrsrv pp pMJ

pptuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpptxÄĄporrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpxpqrw qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpxpqrw u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ospqotJ+qvottSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpotqJ+qsqvtqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ospqotJ+ qvottSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ospqotJ+qvottSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqsvqwJ+trqwpoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpotqJ+

qsqvtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ospqotJ+qvottSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqsvqwJ+trqwpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosowtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LououtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovsupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?139


pqP[JtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qt3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]s.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUqoX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTprX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqtX[z[L.W[QpqP[Ȣqq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oqqqtrJ+tqqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hporrpo s 

9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrprpJ+qqswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rrtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstquÄĄoppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qosorv t rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqqwowÄĄorttquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupuqvÄĄ

O^Kspuqvrv pp pMJ

oprsopÄĄorpptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqspqÄĄovoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrqwspqx x sMJ

-X[ÄĄosootsÄĄotqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxsx(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<ospvooJ+qvppuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqoxps t (

oqqqtrJ+tqqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<outuqwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sppqos po sMJ

S[\HowrwtqÄĄposxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvoxÄĄopssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtqpqxw pr sMJ

ovowsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqvtsÄĄovpprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłttqxqs pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄossxtuÄĄouqvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqvtsÄĄovsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lspssqqt pp pMJ S[Č&#x2030;wpxxqv qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpxxqv u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<osputqJ+qvppsoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrpqsJ+qqswSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osputqJ+ qvppsoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqqqsuJ+tqqtpqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrpqsJ+

qqswSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<

osputqJ+qvppsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<

oqqqsuJ+tqqtpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LososttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouoropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovsqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?140


prP[JtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qu3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]t.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUqpX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTpsX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHquX[z[L.W[QprP[Ȣqr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]-Ĺ&#x2021;J[-@59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrpsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oqqxouJ+tqrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppwtp t 

M^LO­W^9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqptsJ+qqqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+rputqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLouputpÄĄoxstrq

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qprsxro u rMJ

ouputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsprÄĄoqouqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpotwÄĄ

O^Kspwpuw pp qMJ

ossqtrÄĄotrtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpqoqÄĄorttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqxttv x sMJ

oprrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvpsÄĄoqrxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxpq(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<ostpspJ+qwrvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxpq u (

<oqqxouJ+tqrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<ottpqu

Â&#x201E;OT]spqpvtx po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtssqÄĄoxqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqsspÄĄ

QĂžTtqqvtv pr sMJ

ovtssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvouÄĄorpqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłttsqw pq rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopwowÄĄpptttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptttvÄĄ

U\Lspstops pp pMJ S[Č&#x2030;wpxupu qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpxupu u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ostprsJ+qwrvpqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqpoJ+qqqrsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ostprs J+qwrvpqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ostprsJ+qwrvpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ostprsJ+qwrvpqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqqxqqJ+tqsorqtS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqqxqqJ+tqsorqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqpoJ+

qqqrsqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ Q[J[L<ostprsJ+qwrvpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqqxqqJ+tqsorqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovostwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosootxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovrwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osstpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?141


psP[JtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qv3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUqqX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTptX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqvX[z[L.W[QpsP[Ȣqs\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrsrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<orousoJ+tspqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqovrv u 

M^LO­W^Q[J[L<otturuJ+rppwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tspqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<otporpJ+qxqrqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqusqsr v rMJ

porvsrÄĄopprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpoqpÄĄoxqpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqosrs pp rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtwpoÄĄortopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsssoÄĄ

ǜžspwsu po pMJ

ovoqtoÄĄowsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporqtxÄĄppttowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwrr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqtox\Oj[LoxstrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqouso v (

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsrtxJ+qrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orousoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sprpttt po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotqtoxÄĄovoxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtqqsutp pr sMJ

pprrpsÄĄoqqwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortopuÄĄotrsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłtttstr pq rMJ

oqqwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpppqÄĄosswtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lspstwr pp pMJ S[Č&#x2030;wpxrt qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpxrt u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsrtqJ+qrpusvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ottutoJ+rppxpqtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsrtqJ+

qrpusvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ottutoJ+rppxpqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottutoJ+rppxpqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottutoJ+rppxpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orourrJ+ tspqpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orourrJ+tspqpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS <oqsrtqJ+qrpusvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottutoJ+rppxpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orourrJ+tspqpvtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovoporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovrsqv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxorrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?142


ptP[JtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qw3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]v.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUqrX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTpuX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqwX[z[L.W[QptP[Ȣqt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqspqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<osprstJ+tutxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqtxps v 

-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrupwJ+qtqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qwrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLowopsoÄĄporvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rxqppt w qMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqttpÄĄovoxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqpqsÄĄpprrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqptqtq pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqputwÄĄopootpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoroxÄĄ

ǜžsqqqqw po pMJ

ovswowÄĄoxpoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvts(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Q[J[L<ovrpqqJ+rtpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loroorq w (

<osprstJ+tutxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LQ[J[L<ostrqo

Â&#x201E;OT]spsprts pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄopprstÄĄoqtvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxswÄĄotrrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtqrqtsv ps pMJ

-X[ÄĄopssstÄĄorpqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopprstÄĄoqotsu

Ç?Çłtuvsp pq rMJ

owsospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprrpuÄĄorposvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lsptttq pp pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpwtxts qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpwtxts u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovrpptJ+rtpsqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrupoJ+qtquqoSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovrpptJ+rtpsqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<osprrvJ+tutwsvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrupoJ+qtquqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovrpptJ+rtpsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<osprrvJ+tutwsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovrorp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?143


puP[JtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qx3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]w.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUqsX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTpvX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqxX[z[L.W[QpuP[Ȣqu\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ospqsvJ+tutusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optqtr

-bĆ&#x201A;V[S[\H<oxrpsrJ+sopsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<otstrxJ+osvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqpsuss x qMJ

otquouÄĄovoxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxstsuÄĄppqxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqrsotv pp sMJ

opsstoÄĄotqsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqotqvÄĄorsxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžsrrupo po qMJ

pqqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwtvÄĄpprqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;wpwtuss qo qMJ

9[TS[\HoqrxsvÄĄosoqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvps(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<otstrxJ+osvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;

w O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorsxtw x (

ospqsvJ+tutusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ostuqoJ+qwstrt

Â&#x201E;OT]sptpptt pp pMJ

M\S<Q[J[L<ostvqsJ+qwswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtqsssv ps pMJ

orsxpxÄĄotrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoxouÄĄoxqpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłtuqorp pq rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqpooÄĄposwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxrxÄĄ

U\Lsptprsp pp pMJ

ppttrvÄĄoprqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsotpÄĄpopwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^qpwtuss u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<oxrptxJ+sopssqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S

9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<ostuprJ+qwstpvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ S[\H<oxrptxJ+sopssqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[  H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxrptxJ+sopssqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppq

pspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxrptxJ+sopssqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

otsttrJ+oswpvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Q[J[L<ostuprJ+qwstpvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otsttrJ+oswpvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxotovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqurt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?144


pvP[JtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qx3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]x.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUqtX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTpwX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqxX[z[L.W[QpvP[Ȣqv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtoxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otssspJ+ostpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsvqt

S[\H<pptqruJ+suttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<ovrvooJ+tqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sspru po qMJ

orprooQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqursÄĄovpopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvsqÄĄ

O^Ksqtqwsx pp sMJ

oxqoruÄĄpoosrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroxtuÄĄossvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsssxtt po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqurr(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<ovrvooJ+tqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[

x O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losrsst po (

otssspJ+ostpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<ourwsoJ+rropt

Â&#x201E;OT]spuxtw pp pMJ

Q[J[L<otpwqsJ+qxrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;S[\HopootpÄĄ

QĂžTtqssrtp ps pMJ

opprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsttpÄĄporvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłturrqr pq rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLossvpoÄĄouqsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptssuÄĄoppvqq

U\Lsptqpqx pp pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpwtrrr qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpwtrrr u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<pptqtpJ+sutsqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otssrrJ+osstvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pptqtpJ+sutsqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pptqtpJ+sutsqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrutqJ+tqsrtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otssrrJ+osstvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]

Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovrutqJ+tqsrtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otssrrJ+osstvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<pptqtpJ+sutsqtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovrutqJ+ tqsrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxopppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqowptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?145


pwP[JtxQ[\S/bS/uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSpxP[J>[Ńro3\Vb9UQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]po.;ƆutqO[+T[bJUquX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTpxX[7Ltvs…QcHroX[z[L.W[QpwP[Ȣqw\ƵTXĉ rp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtrwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovrtrxJ+tqprqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orspso

\Oj[L<oqququJ+tqqvqo„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSN[ǵL]9SGL[;\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxrwqtJ+poqvpvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;

„@[T[9spuwsr pp pMJ

otqvoqġovport„Mj[-X[ġowoqqpġporvsp„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Ksqvpuqq pq pMJ

ovtpttġoxqopp„Mj[-X[ġorprpsġortvqq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾sursp po qMJ

otqtrw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoqqpġowtsow„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[ȉwpwtoqq qo qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopwpuġppttqo„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxoxoxġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqttp(

Ñ\HMJ\Oj[L<oxrwqtJ+poqvpvt„Mj[I[+L[H\ƻH]j[LíÊM_O­N[ǵL]

po O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotptpq pp (

ovrtrxJ+tqprqt„Mj[I[+L[H\9Ǣö„Wń[<owruoxJ+rvtqsvt

„OT]spvwq pp qMJ

\WĭQ[J[L<ottottJ+rotxsqt„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTtqtqqtw ps pMJ

opprooġoqturr„Mj[-X[ġossoouġouqrrx„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdztusupv pq sMJ

QbXŃbR[;S[\Hposwquġpprqrs„Mj[-X[ġortvqqġ

U\Lsptqxpv pp pMJ

ovtpttġowruor„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowspppġpopwpu„Mj[(

„9H^qpwtoqq u sMJ

porptr„Mj[(

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L 1ǚS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<oqqupxJ+tqqvqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxrwpwJ+poquuoSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oxrwpwJ+poquuoSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[ „W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oqqupxJ+tqqvqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ovrtrq J+tqpptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oqqupxJ+tqqvqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[„L/\Oj[L<oxrwpwJ+poquuoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/

QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oqqupxJ+tqqvqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrwpwJ+poquuoSI[+L[H \ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovrtrqJ+tqpptSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

oxrwpwJ+poquuoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrtrqJ+tqpptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqqupxJ+

tqqvqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxrwpwJ+poquuoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ ʽQ`HbR[;\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loustpw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowtvps„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpppoox„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH „OL^9[opqvpr„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orspqp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotrxqu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovpwsr

„Mj[(Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owsvtu„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpopxpr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpqospx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqowtu„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtrr„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď146


pxP[JtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] pp.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUqvX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTqoX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpT[+OL.W[QpxP[Ȣqx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;rp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxrvouJ+poqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrstq

9SGOO\Oj[L<oxrvouJ+poqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<porxqpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsttvÄĄoppqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqwppqs pq pMJ

oqqxptÄĄortvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupxppÄĄovpotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksqxrrt pq pMJ

oroxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqvroÄĄovosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossttw

ǜžsvpvqx po rMJ

ÄĄotquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtow(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<otorowJ+twtvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

pp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottqop pq (

sqtxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Q[J[L<ouqwswJ+rqrrpt

Â&#x201E;OT]spwux pp qMJ

owrtrqÄĄposwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuruÄĄopstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtquqx ps pMJ

9^\T9S[\HouqqtrÄĄovovouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprqovÄĄ

Ç?Çłtutxpq pq sMJ

ÄĄouqqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqqtrÄĄovstsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosorpq

U\Lsptrvt pp pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpwsvpp qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpwsvpp u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxrutwJ+poqrsoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otorooJ+twtvrvtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oxrutwJ+poqrsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otorooJ+twtvrvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps

ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otorooJ+twtvrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrutwJ+poqrsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<

otorooJ+twtvrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrutwJ+poqrsoSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxrutwJ+poqrsoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otorooJ+twtvrvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouspqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppoupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovpssv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owssooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqooqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqotopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?147


qoP[JtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pq.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUqwX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTqpX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqT[+OL.W[QqoP[ȢpQ^XSSQrq \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqursO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pprxpsJ+ptqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqusr

\Oj[L<ovrrsqJ+tprpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPQ[J[L<ovospqJ+rsorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpoprx pr pMJ

oxpxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqvtvÄĄoupxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktotoqs pq qMJ

pqpuqxÄĄorprspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrwtrÄĄotroroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžswrppw po rMJ

ppttoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttoqÄĄoprpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsqs(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<otopswJ+twtsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

pq O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louquot pr (

pprxpsJ+ptqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oorwptJ+svtsrt

Â&#x201E;OT]spxspw pp qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoupxrsÄĄoxsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtosqÄĄ

QĂžTtquspqq ps qMJ

oppqqvÄĄoqosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovouqsÄĄovtosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłtvpqpo pq sMJ

9^\T9S[\HorprspÄĄortvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwpuÄĄ

U\Lsptsstr pp pMJ

oppvqsÄĄoqsoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpwsso qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpwsso u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovrrrtJ+tpqttSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrrrt

J+tpqttSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pprxqvJ+ptqwstSI[+L[HP[HH^bT Â&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovrrrtJ+tpqttSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pprxqvJ+ptqwstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

pprxqvJ+ptqwstSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pprxqvJ+ptqwstS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovrrrtJ+tpqttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppoqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovpotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoppqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqopotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?148


qpP[JtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;rMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pr.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUqxX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTqqX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHrT[+OL.W[QqpP[ȢqQ^XSSQrq \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvoqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqssJ+qoposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupvqo ps 

<oxswsxJ+posxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ǜžQ[J[L<ovrottJ+rtuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqqpvrp pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovotsqÄĄoxpwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprptxÄĄoqqxrp

O^Ktqrusu pq qMJ

ÄĄorsussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstowÄĄoqqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžsxstx po rMJ

9[TS[\HporotwÄĄpptsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrrx(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<ovrqqpJ+txtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loutwqq ps (

oprqssJ+qoposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oqqrtoJ+tqpvqt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqoqqx pp rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqwqtÄĄovppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvrsÄĄoppqox

QĂžTtqvqoso ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsussÄĄotqxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqttpr

Ç?Çłtvqtw pq sMJ

orowotÄĄossssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovotopÄĄowsprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspttqso pp pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpwsoto qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpwsoto u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovrqruJ+tpoqvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqqsotJ+tqpwqtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

\Oj[L<oxswsoJ+posxroSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqqsotJ+tqpwqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrqruJ+tpoqvtSI[+L[Hqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxswsoJ+posxroSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovrqruJ+tpoqvtSI[+L[HP[H

H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqtwJ+qoppqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxswsoJ+posxroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqtwJ+qoppqqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrqruJ+tpoqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqtwJ+qoppqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovoutu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owruowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?149


qqP[JtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;sMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ps.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUroX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTqrX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHsT[+OL.W[QqqP[ȢrQ^XSSQrq \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];bLU>H^I­]\W\Ä­\OL[bj9M_@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orowtuJ+qspopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupvqo ps 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orowtuJ+qspopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rtrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLoworpqÄĄporvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9usqvtt ps sMJ

S[\HouqorpÄĄovostxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpwqrÄĄpprpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktsqqrw pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpupsÄĄopoosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovotpxÄĄ

ǜžspotxp po sMJ

ovsrtrÄĄoxovpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqtr(

I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<oxsvswJ+posvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loutwqq ps (

orswrqJ+ttswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹQ[J[L<ovsqtrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sqposp pp rMJ

-X[ÄĄoppptpÄĄoqtsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsuppÄĄotqxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTtqwop ps qMJ

-X[ÄĄopstpoÄĄorpsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppptpÄĄoqorpw

Ç?Çłtvrww pq sMJ

owspsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprpoxÄĄorovruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lspuoqu pp pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpwrvrx qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpwrvrx u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxswosJ+poswSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;S JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxswosJ+poswSI[+L[Hprtvw

popqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[ 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orowswJ+qsxtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxswosJ+poswSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orowswJ+qsxtoS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opppqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovoroo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoorrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppswruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?150


qrP[JtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;tMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pt.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUrpX[7LtxP[SH]j\W\PTqsX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHtT[+OL.W[QqrP[ȢsQ^XSSQrq \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvtvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<osqopwJ+qvvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovovow pt 

O[TOQ[J[L<osqopwJ+qvvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ossttp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqxpxÄĄovpqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upusvqx pt sMJ

ovosptÄĄoxpvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstpqÄĄotqvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktuvtu pq rMJ

posvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwsxÄĄpqqoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžspqpqtu po sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsptsÄĄpopwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsotrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqov(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ppsotuJ+ptqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqxsw pt (

J+twpoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Q[J[L<ovrtorJ+rtpsqo

Â&#x201E;OT]sqptwtu pp rMJ

oxsuouÄĄppqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstrvÄĄotqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTtqwrxqt ps qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoqtsÄĄorstrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpvtsÄĄ

Ç?Çłtvtppo pq sMJ

posvooÄĄpprprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptsroÄĄoproswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspuwpq pp pMJ

ososqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpwrsqw qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpwrsqw u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ppsppoJ+ptqxrvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsppoJ+ptqxrvtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppsppoJ+ptqxrvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osqorqJ+qvwqtSI[+L[HL^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ppsppoJ+ptqxrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqorqJ+

qvwqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ( \Oj[L<ppsppoJ+ptqxrvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<

osqorqJ+qvwqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotpxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Loutxos

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osottrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?151


qsP[JtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;uMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pu.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUpP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTqtX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHuT[+OL.W[QqsP[ȢtQ^XSSQrq \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]OTbJOJ[1S@bĹ&#x2030;[¢WO

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<otorprJ+qwtrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtusr pu 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osstprJ+twwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HQ[J[L<ovosrqJ+rrtutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqxpwts pu rMJ

ovpqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvqsÄĄopppprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Ktvtqrv pq sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorourtÄĄossqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossqssÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqppx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opousqJ+pxqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howopqp pu (

otorprJ+qwtrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otprpxJ+txpvsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqqtvps pp rMJ

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;S[\HopooruÄĄorpsroQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqxstÄĄ

QĂžTtqxpwtq ps qMJ

oxsuowÄĄporvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpvqtÄĄpooqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłtwspr pq sMJ

oupwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrrwÄĄoppvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsprqutp pp pMJ U\Lspupttv pp pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpwrppv qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpwrppv u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoutuJ+pxqtvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoutuJ+pxqtvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoutuJ+pxqtvtSI[+L[Hpr tvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoutuJ+pxqtvtSI[+L[H <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otorovJ+qwtrqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoutuJ+pxqtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L< otorovJ+qwtrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otorovJ+qwtrqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoutuJ+

pxqtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<otorovJ+qwtrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oporrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Louttow

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppsosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opstqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?152


qtP[JtxQ[\S/bS/uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSquP[J>[ŃvMijL[PQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pv.;ƆutqO[+T[bJUqP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTquX[7Ltvs…QcHvT[+OL.W[QqtP[ȢuQ^XSSQrq \X@S]Ø]T\TH[WŌQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwtqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ Q[J[L<otptpqJ+qxqqro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowsusu pv 

9SG;S\Oj[L<otpqspJ+txpupqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HOO„R[;\Oƃ^ŦQ[J[L<ouoxrrJ+rprwqqt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ]\H

„@[T[9vpqsps pv rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoppotsġoqtrpu„Mj[-X[ġosrtrxġoupwop

O^Ktxruru pq sMJ

„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hposuqqġpprpot„Mj[-X[ġortxqtġ

Ƕ¾spssosx pp pMJ

ovsvqwġowrqpq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqoxġpopwow„Mj[(

S[ȉwpwqwu qo qMJ

poqxrt„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqorp(

-ƆQ]LíÊ-L^S[K[„O\LSMS<oqoqrtJ+qpqotvt„Mj[I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrsor pv (

otptpqJ+qxqqro„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<otoxquJ+txv„Mj[

„OT]sqrttrr pp sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotropqġovpqrt„Mj[-X[ġoworsuġporvqo

QþTtqxtwqs ps qMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsvqwġoxputt„Mj[-X[ġorpssqġortxqt

Ǐdztwpvpv pq sMJ

otqwtq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoworsuġowtstv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lspuqrsp pp pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopwowġpptsov„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxotssġ

„9H^qpwqwu u sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QÊ„O\LSMS<oqoqqxJ+qpqosqtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<oqoqqxJ+

qpqosqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqoqqxJ+qpqosqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<

otptotJ+qxqqpqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otptotJ+qxqqpqtSI[+L[H

„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otptotJ+qxqqpqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?

WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<oqoqqxJ+qpqosqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Q[J[L<otptotJ+qxqqpqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loupvsw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowqxsq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lposqrx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqtxsq„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orprsw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotpptt„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Loutppq„Mj[( Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owqoqr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxtpsr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpprusv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opspqu„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortwoq„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď153


quP[JtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;wMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pw.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUrP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTqvX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHwT[+OL.W[QquP[ȢvQ^XSSQrq \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[Ć&#x2020;Q]Ă&#x2DC;]Q\HS[K[S[L]S@SQ\JL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxpxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ostttoJ+qwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrvtx pw 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otoxoxJ+txupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ostttoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HQ[J[L<ostoqtJ+qwpxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqtssx pw rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqptrxÄĄopstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroosÄĄortxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktpppxtp pr pMJ

ovoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxsrÄĄorotrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžspttssw pp pMJ

oupvpoÄĄovspppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosotpwÄĄotqxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxsq(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqvtqJ+qqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxowtu pw (

qwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<osrtpwJ+tvsortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]sqstrts pp sMJ

\JLoxsuoxÄĄopporrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrpruÄĄposuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuorvtw ps rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouqpssÄĄovpqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupvpoÄĄ

Ç?Çłtwroqr pq sMJ

otrorwÄĄovouqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosspqpÄĄoupvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lspurpqt pp pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpwqstu qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpwqstu u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqwouJ+qqqrsoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqwouJ+qqqrsoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqqwouJ+qqqrsoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L< ostuotJ+qwrrrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqwouJ+qqqrsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ostuotJ+qwrrrvtS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?154


qvP[JtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;xMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]px.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUsP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTqwX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHxT[+OL.W[QqvP[ȢwQ^XSSQrq \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osovsoJ+qurproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporotr px 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osrtqrJ+tvsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orovrrJ+qsppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wwqppq px rMJ

ovsuouÄĄoxpttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrposÄĄouqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktprqpv pr pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqptqxÄĄorptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrspuÄĄotqtpv

ǜžspvwsx pp qMJ

pptrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptrspÄĄopqxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwtq(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqsqpJ+qqprpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxsvox px (

osovsoJ+qurproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orrrouJ+tttt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqttqpw pp sMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLouqqotÄĄoxsuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTuppvru ps rMJ

-X[ÄĄoppoprÄĄoqoppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoppqÄĄovsuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłtwsrqx pq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorptosÄĄortxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwoqÄĄ

U\Lspurxw pp pMJ

oppvprÄĄoqspqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpwqpst qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpwqpst u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqspsJ+qqpqttSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqqspsJ+qqpqttSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqspsJ+qqpqttSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osovrqJ+qurppoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osovrqJ+qurppoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LS MS<oqqspsJ+qqpqttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L< osovrqJ+qurppoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouoxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?155


qwP[JtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;poMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qo.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUtP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTqxX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpoT[+OL.W[QqwP[ȢxQ^XSSQrq \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotropqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtqtqJ+qrqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqtsu qo 

I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtqtqJ+qrqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

MS<oporquJ+pwtottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotrproÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqptrt qo rMJ

oxptqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppropxÄĄoqropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Ktpssrtp pr qMJ

9^\T9S[\HopstpuÄĄoqropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorosqvÄĄ

ǜžspwqqtp pp qMJ

poqwqwÄĄpptqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwop(

I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsrrJ+qotwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoqxtp qo (

O\G@\Oj[L<oqouqtJ+tpqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Â&#x201E;O\LS

Â&#x201E;OT]squtoss pq pMJ

ovprqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvosÄĄopoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovooqtÄĄ

QĂžTuptvpw ps rMJ

orsqrwÄĄotqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtpsrÄĄorsqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłtwturv pq sMJ

osrxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovovooÄĄowsqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lspususx pp qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpwpwrs qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpwpwrs u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsqtJ+qotwqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oqoupvJ+tpqutvtSI[+L[H

Q9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[ \OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oqoupvJ+tpqutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[  H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsqtJ+qotwqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxpp

prpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsqtJ+qotwqqt SI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtqssJ+qrqspoSI[+L[HK[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsqtJ+qotwqqtSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtqssJ+qrqspoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporso J+pwtproSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsqtJ+qotwqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtqssJ+qrqspoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b; Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouottxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?156


qxP[JtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ppMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUuP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTroX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHppT[+OL.W[QqxP[ȢpoQ^XSSQrq \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]M[cÇ&#x2C6;9­[JU]M\SO\H­L]59[JU] Q^W\TQMSO.\@QXSQ.ÇśS[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrorwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptqpJ+pxpxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqqqqs qp 

I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptqpJ+pxpxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

posotuJ+pqtrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owopsxJ+upssqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xtrxqp qp rMJ

opoxroÄĄoqtppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqopÄĄotqrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ktpuqsqv pr qMJ

opsstxÄĄorptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxroÄĄoqooqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspxrutt pp qMJ

owsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqwrsÄĄorortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvpo(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opopsqJ+pwstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppwoq qp (

\Oj[L<oopwtoJ+sutvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]sqvsxpq pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLowosqvÄĄporutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTuqrvq ps rMJ

oupsrqÄĄoutxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpssrÄĄppqxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłtxxst pq sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpstrÄĄpqtxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovovpuÄĄ

U\Lsputsro pp qMJ

ovrwtxÄĄoxorqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpwptqr qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpwptqr u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoprsJ+pwstpoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< opoprsJ+pwstpoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoprsJ+pwstpoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opoprsJ+pwstpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptpsJ+pxpxqoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[ 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptpsJ+pxpxqoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pppwptJ+psqtsvtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< pososwJ+pqtrptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoprsJ+pwstpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptpsJ+pxpxqoSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pppwptJ+psqtsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouoqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owossoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

roP[JtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pqMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUvP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTrpX[7LtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpqT[+OL.W[QroP[ȢppQ^XSSQrq \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]O[QL@jÄź]

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?157


„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrposO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<pppxpoJ+psqwt„Mj[ǚz[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oppxtv qq 

oxowouJ+wtxqo„Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊØOG[\Oj[L<pptoov

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOS[\H<poptotJ+spsvtqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L

„@[T[9xpxrwx qq rMJ

upurvt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<otppprJ+txvvt„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

O^Ktpwsp pr rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġorspqrġotqqtr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtwsuġoxpspo

Ƕ¾sqotpp pp rMJ

orspqr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpspoġpossqu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

S[ȉwpwpqpq qo qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptrooġopqwox„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsqspġ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupupw(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotrqqq\Oj[Loxsuov„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqpqpp qq (

J+ptstqvt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pppxpoJ+psqwt

„OT]sqwsvsq pq pMJ

<oxowouJ+wtxqo„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;-\H;Ě\Oj[L<owoqrtJ+

QþTurputp ps rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrqqqġovprtq„Mj[-X[ġoxsuovġppqvrv

Ǐdztxqqtt pq sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġopsstwġotrorw„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoptxtrġ

U\Lspvqpo pp qMJ

ppqvrvġpqpwqq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpossquġppqxrs„Mj[(

„9H^qpwpqpq u sMJ

popvto„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqspqrġosouop„Mj[(

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<pptoqpJ+ptsuqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<otppovJ+txutqtSI[+L[H9^Ŧ

S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9 \Oj[L<poqrtwJ+pqxSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J

ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń \W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otppovJ+txutqtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<pptoqpJ+

ptsuqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<poqrtwJ+pqxSI[+L[Hprtvwpo pqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

pppxqrJ+psqwrvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pptoqpJ+

ptsuqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[

„L/\Oj[L<oxovtxJ+wtxqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<poqrtwJ+pqxSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pppxqrJ+psqwrvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pppxqrJ+

psqwrvtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxovtxJ+wtxqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H

Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owoqqxJ+upuqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V Q^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< pppxqrJ+psqwrvtSI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pptoqpJ+ptsuqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxovtxJ+wtxqtSI[+L[H L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<poqrtwJ+pqxSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Q[\S59

M[\ď158


TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?159


rpP[JtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSp.\LjL>[ŃprMijL[PQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qr.;ƆutqO[+T[bJUwP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTpP[Jtvs…QcHprT[+OL.W[QrpP[ȢpqQ^XSSQrq \X@S]Ø]Ø]\OLj9Q­[M^@[

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrproO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oxowtsJ+xpqo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oqpvoo qr 

<poqstqJ+pqpppt„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[\Oj[L<owswstJ+wxtt

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

;SQ[J[L<ovtxqsJ+ruvrt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ousvsvJ+

„@[T[9porsutw qr sMJ

I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<oqpqopJ+tprwt„Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;S[\H

O^Ktpxsqqw pr rMJ

porusuġopowst„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuouġporusu„Mj[(

Ƕ¾sqqtw pp rMJ

osrvss„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrvssġoupqsr„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louptqt(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ousvsvJ+rvro„Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LíÊK\LƊ[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oppptw qr (

„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<oxowtsJ+xpqo„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]sqxsups pq pMJ

rvro„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<otpqopJ+txxvt„Mj[

QþTurtusq ps sMJ

pqtxssġorptqsQbXŃbR[;\JLotrqsvġovpsou„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdztxrut pq sMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoxprrvġoxtwto„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqssġ

U\Lspvxsw pp qMJ

pptptsġoppusp„Mj[(

S[ȉwpwxq qo qMJ „9H^qpwxq u sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<poqsssJ+pqpottSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owswtxJ+wporoSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\U

ǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S „QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<poqsssJ+pqpottSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LíÊH\Oj[L<owswtxJ+wporoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

oxowsuJ+xouoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<poqsssJ+pqpottSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ouswooJ+rwqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owswtxJ+wporoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<owswtxJ+wporoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxowsuJ+xouoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\L

I[bL/\Oj[L<ouswooJ+rwqtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxowsuJ+xouoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouswooJ+rwqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owswtxJ+wporoSI[+L[H XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lottspr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowouov„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpopxoq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqruou„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[oqtops„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Losswqo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Louqvru„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovtusw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxqwov„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hppprpq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppvsx„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrsqu„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď160


p.\LjLtxQ[\S/bS/uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSq.\LjL>[ŃpsMijL[PQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qs.;ƆutqO[+T[bJUxP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTqP[Jtvs…QcHpsT[+OL.W[Qp.\XȤprQ^XSSQrq \X@S] W[+¾[\ļX\QH/rpP[JtxQ[\S utqwqr W[9TbWL J+psxto <ppppSWQj  „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrptuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<ouswtsJ+rpopvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorpqoo qs 

UH\PV[\Oj[L<owsxtqJ+wpqsqt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

ouswtsJ+rpopvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<otrupqJ+rowrqt

„@[T[9popwqsw qs sMJ

S[\H<ppovsuJ+srtvqvt„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrpqġ

O^Ktqppxss pr sMJ

orsoot„Mj[-X[ġosrorxġouppsw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtvovġ

Ƕ¾sqrpxpv pp rMJ

otrpro„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowosttġowttro„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[ȉwpwttp qo qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopvspġpptqro„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxopssġ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsrq(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[\Oj[L<osqqstJ+tvrtqt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqpuot qs (

ovoxqvJ+sorvt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSP[ÍMJ9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

„OT]tosssx pq qMJ

„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<osqqstJ+tvrtqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;U_T

QþTusrurw ps sMJ

ouqrsv„Mj[-X[ġovpsqpġoxsuos„Mj[-X[ġpqpvsvġ

Ǐdztxsxpu pq sMJ

oxtwqq„Mj[-X[ġpqpspxġorptrs„Mj[-X[ġosootrġ

U\Lspvpvqt pp qMJ

ovsqquġowqvst„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqtpġpopvsp„Mj[(

„9H^qpwttp u sMJ

poqusp„Mj[(

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owsxstJ+wpqqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzS JU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<osqrooJ+tvsroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L -bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovoxpxJ+

sopvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[  \Oj[L<osqrooJ+tvsroSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spr tvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<owsxstJ+wpqqtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqq

qsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ovoxpxJ+sopvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[<SS9[Q -9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ouswswJ+rpoqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owsxstJ+wpqqtSI[+L[H <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ \OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<osqrooJ+tvsroS

I[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ovoxpxJ+sopvtS I[+L[H\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<

owsxstJ+wpqqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L< ouswswJ+rpoqtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<osqrooJ+tvsroSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

ouswswJ+rpoqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<owsxstJ+wpqqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osqrooJ+tvsroSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovoxpxJ+sopvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[; \OVbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Q[\S59

M[\ď161


TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowoqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppoxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orroroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

q.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;puMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUpoP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTrP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpuT[+OL.W[Qq.\XȤpsQ^XSSQrq \X@S]MjT[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;X\QT \MH`MĂ­  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<osqrtsJ+tvustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losorsu qt 

\Oj[L<ovpopqJ+sqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<otroowJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpoqvJ+qsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqqqpv qt sMJ

ruprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrrvÄĄouqsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktqqttsq pr sMJ

-X[ÄĄosqxtsÄĄoupotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtxrpÄĄoqropxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqsrrqw pp sMJ

ovpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupotqÄĄoutupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;wpwqso qo qMJ

-X[ÄĄosruprÄĄoupotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupotqÄĄovruooÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louprrw(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<optvsrJ+tpoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqqrx qt (

txtppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGOO\Oj[L<osqrtsJ+tvustÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tpsrqt pq qMJ

optvsrJ+tpoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqqtJ+

QĂžTutpuru ps sMJ

-X[ÄĄovpsrtÄĄoxsuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvqxÄĄorrxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłtpoqqw pr pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqropxÄĄorptsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqsouÄĄ

U\Lspvqtp pp qMJ

opqutsÄĄoroprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrrrvÄĄovowpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^qpwqso u sMJ

-X[ÄĄosouswÄĄotrptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovpoqwJ+srpoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otroopJ+txtpSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpoqwJ+srpoSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpoqwJ+srpoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otroopJ+ txtpSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ovpoqwJ+srpoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpoqwJ+srpoS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<optvrvJ+tpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<optvrvJ+tpoS I[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovpoqwJ+srpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<optvrvJ+tpoSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otroopJ+txtpSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpopppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LossoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovswtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppotqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?162


r.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qu.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUppP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTsP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpvT[+OL.W[Qr.\XȤptQ^XSSQrq \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqsvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<ppruspJ+stvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lostptw qu 

Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<ortttqJ+tttsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Q[J[L<ostxprJ+qwrruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppuspts qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowquqtÄĄoxtvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprtsÄĄopsstr

O^Ktqsropv ps pMJ

otpxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqxoxÄĄotpxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžsqtsvso pp sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpptptxÄĄopquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppuqvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqsr(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<otrotsJ+txtrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqxtt qu (

<pqsutrJ+pwrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppruspJ+stvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tqsqs pq qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouqsquÄĄowttruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvppÄĄorrwst

QĂžTutturw ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroqrÄĄotrqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosqxoxÄĄ

Ç?Çłtpoptso pr pMJ

orpttqÄĄosopqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvroÄĄpptptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspvrqru pp qMJ

oqspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpvtxqx qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpvtxqx u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orttstJ+tttspvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<poqwrpJ+pqpupqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqsustJ+pwqtoS I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqwrpJ+pqpupqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orttstJ+tttspvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<pprurrJ+stvqoSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orttstJ+

tttspvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<pprurrJ+stvqoSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pprurrJ+stvqoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqsustJ+

pwqtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJS[\H<pprurrJ+stvqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orttstJ+tttspvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoovptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovstopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppopqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opouoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?163


s.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pwMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qv.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUpqP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTtP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpwT[+OL.W[Qs.\XȤpu Q^XSSQrq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrpqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<oxqsruJ+rxruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotrvoq qv 

O\G@\Oj[L<poqxqsJ+pqpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxqsruJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?OÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoqpoJ+qppoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ootwu p pMJ

S[\HowqtstÄĄppqwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroquÄĄorpuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktqurqr ps pMJ

oqroquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorooqpÄĄosrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louppsw(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<oqrppxJ+tqqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrusx qv (

rxruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owqqsoJ+vorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]trsosu pq rMJ

\JLotrsqvÄĄovptorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowttsoÄĄppqursÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTuuruss ps sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsvsvÄĄorrwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsstpÄĄ

Ç?Çłtpoqwtr pr pMJ

ovowsuÄĄowsrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqtqtÄĄpptotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqvpts pq pMJ U\Lspvsox pp qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpvtupw qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpvtupw u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oqrpprJ+tqqpttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqrppr J+tqqpttSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oqrpprJ+tqqpttSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxqsqwJ+rxrutSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poqxrwJ+pqpwuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqsqwJ+rxrut SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqrpprJ+tqqpttSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotrwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoorqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovspotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?164


t.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pxMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qw.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUprP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTuP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpxT[+OL.W[Qt.\XȤpv Q^XSSQrq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrrvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovqttpJ+rsrwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupxtv qw 

9SGOO\Oj[L<owqrqvJ+vqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovqttpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<pppsswJ+pspotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9optvrp q pMJ

ouqtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptpvÄĄppquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqtosÄĄ

O^Ktqvrsts ps qMJ

orpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvrpÄĄotrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžsqwpux pq pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqprqvÄĄpqtxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoxooÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wpvtrw qo qMJ

ovrrspÄĄowtxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupotq(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<opqpppJ+sxqtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousqtw qx (

rsrwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ourqrsJ+qqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tsrxqx pq rMJ

<owsoooJ+vsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrstqÄĄ

QĂžTuvputr pt pMJ

oxpostÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtuqtÄĄpqprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsssxÄĄ

Ç?Çłtposqu pr pMJ

ouowoqÄĄowqtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopousuÄĄoptutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspvsvso pp qMJ

owsroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtruÄĄoqtxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qpvtrw u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<opqposJ+sxqtroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owrxtsJ+vsqrtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrxts J+vsqrtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr

ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opqposJ+sxqtroSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opqposJ+sxqtroSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opqposJ+sxqtroSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovqtsrJ+

rsrwpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <owqrspJ+vrtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ovqtsrJ+rsrwpoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opqposJ+ sxqtroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotrsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouovtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxowqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H pqtwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?165


u.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qoMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qx.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUpsP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTvP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqoT[+OL.W[Qu.\XȤpw Q^XSSQrq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsoqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<otstotJ+roqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovoptv qx 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ourrqoJ+qqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otstot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<owsoqtJ+vsrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqxvt r pMJ

ouqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptroÄĄowotrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporttxÄĄ

O^Ktqxssq ps qMJ

orpupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqtqrÄĄovptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžsqxroqu pq pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpospspÄĄppqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptppoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wpvsxtv qo qMJ

oqsptxÄĄosovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxtu(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<ooroouJ+svpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovswqu ro (

J+roqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otoqrvJ+twrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ttrwpt pq rMJ

\Oj[L<ouqqrqJ+ptwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtpuÄĄ

QĂžTuvtvt pt pMJ

opouqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqtoÄĄovrwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpooxÄĄ

Ç?Çłtpottqo pr pMJ

optuqwÄĄosqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppquovÄĄpqpupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspvttpp pp qMJ

opqtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrprÄĄpopvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qpvsxtv u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owsorxJ+vssqvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ooqxtxJ+svpusvtSI[+L[HO`V

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owsorxJ+

vssqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooqxtxJ+svpusvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ooqxtxJ+

svpusvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otstqoJ+roqupoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ourrprJ+qqttqtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otstqoJ+

roqupoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ooqxtxJ+svpusvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxttqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqpqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouosopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovrrpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxosrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?166


v.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qpMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ro.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUptP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTwP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqpT[+OL.W[Qv.\XȤpxQ^XSSQrq \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<osqusoJ+qvwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsspw ro 

J+sutuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG;S\Oj[L<otorqrJ+twsopvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ortvoxJ+tttrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<ouqqrtJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqtspx s pMJ

O½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtspÄĄovptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptttwÄĄ

O^Kuorqso ps rMJ

orpuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoqpxÄĄotrsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžtossst pq qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoqtwroÄĄosrqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrqpwÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louowtx(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<oooqot

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowtrpx rp (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osqusoJ+qvwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]turvr pq rMJ

ptwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<osqsoxJ+tvppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTuwrvqp pt pMJ

orruopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutptwÄĄoxttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprooÄĄ

Ç?Çłtppwrs pr pMJ

oxstsxÄĄporttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxoxrrÄĄoxttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspwqrx pp qMJ

ouououÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptoosÄĄoppuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpvsusu qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpvsusu u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oooptvJ+sutsoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqqsxJ+ptwtqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oooptvJ+

sutsoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oooptvJ+sutsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<osquttJ+qvxvtSI[+L[H M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osquttJ+qvxvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

ouqqsxJ+ptwtqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<osquttJ+qvxvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oooptvJ+sutso

SI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ .\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouoootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqxpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxooruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpostsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?167


w.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qqMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rp.;Ć&#x2020;utqO[+T[bJUpuP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTxP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqqT[+OL.W[Qw.\XȤqoQ^XSSQrq \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrstqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsrpJ+qstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqwpo rp 

OOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsrpJ+qstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<orpxoqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<oqswotJ+troÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pquqvps t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptrsÄĄorrtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqtptÄĄouotov

O^Kuptwso ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoqrqÄĄotrsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowottrÄĄ

ǜžtptxt pq qMJ

owsrqpÄĄpoputwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoputwÄĄpptoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowoq(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oooopxJ+suortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxtvqs p (

tspvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<osqsrsJ+tvqpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]tvrtts pq sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotruotÄĄouquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpttvÄĄoxstsu

QĂžTuxpvsp pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutpotÄĄoxtstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqsuÄĄorpurt

Ç?Çłtppqpsw pr pMJ

owtttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrvoqÄĄowqqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lspwpou pp qMJ

9[TS[\HowtvqvÄĄpoqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpvsrrt qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpvsrrt u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsqrJ+qstustSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oooorsJ+suppqtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsqrJ+ qstustSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oooorsJ+suppqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oooorsJ+suppqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsqrJ+qstustSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsqrJ+qstustSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?

WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsqrJ+qstustSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oooorsJ+suppqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqosrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqtqq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpospsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqsuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?168


x.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qrMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUpvP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTpoP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqrT[+OL.W[Qx.\XȤqpQ^XSSQrq \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpppoJ+qrtvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxpsqs p 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpppoJ+qrtvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sxtvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotruqxÄĄouquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qxsssr u pMJ

-X[ÄĄosqsqvÄĄouosowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtwrsÄĄoqrosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kurqqrs ps sMJ

ovpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouosowÄĄoutoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžtrprqv pq qMJ

-X[ÄĄosrospÄĄouosowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouosowÄĄovroqx

O^SH/Q[J[Louovos(

I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<ooqwosJ+svwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpotxtu q (

<orppoxJ+trtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<oprtqsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]twrssu pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄovpupoÄĄoxstsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptpsÄĄorrsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuxtwr pt pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrosoÄĄorpusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouquqoÄĄ

Ç?Çłtpprtq pr pMJ

opqrsuÄĄoqtvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotruqxÄĄovoxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lspwpvrp pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosowrpÄĄotrstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpvsoqs qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpvsoqs u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ooqwpxJ+svxrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orppoqJ+qrtvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooqwpxJ+

svxrtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ooqwpxJ+svxrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;

O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orppoqJ+qrtvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orppoqJ+qrtvqqtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ooqwpxJ+svxrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqoossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqsqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?169


po.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUpwP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTppP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqsT[+OL.W[Qpo.\XȤqq Q^XSSQrq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwqtJ+qspstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoorqw q 

9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwqtJ+qspstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

svtttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLouqurwÄĄowtttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqqsuqr v pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpqpvÄĄopssrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrosqÄĄotrtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kussspr ps sMJ

otprqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorputpÄĄosoqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžtsqvtp pq rMJ

9[TS[\HopptssÄĄoqsqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououou(

I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<opquqvJ+sxrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpptxsw r (

orrsptJ+tstrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<oosvprJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]txrrsp pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpstsÄĄorrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqprtÄĄoxtrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuporwro pt qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosqrrxÄĄotprqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqrrxÄĄ

Ç?Çłtppswpu pr pMJ

popussÄĄpptoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptoopÄĄopqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspwqsts pp qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpvrvps qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpvrvps u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oosvotJ+svttroSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<opqupxJ+sxrrrtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwrxJ+

qsptqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oosvotJ+svttroS I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

opqupxJ+sxrrrtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<opqupxJ+sxrrrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opqupxJ+sxrrrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwrxJ+ qsptqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwrxJ+qsptqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<opqupxJ+sxrrrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosoxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotswpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovpvro

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqttovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?170


pp.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUpxP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTpqP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqtT[+OL.W[Qpp.\XȤqr Q^XSSQrq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvqoJ+qttpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpottpp r 

-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvqoJ+qttpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sutrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvpwÄĄovpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rtrqss w pMJ

-X[ÄĄoqrossÄĄorputwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsrrqÄĄ

O^Kuurqv ps sMJ

oqtttvÄĄosqxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpoqsÄĄowsrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotov(

I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<oqtspxJ+trpqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqttsw s (

<osqwrxJ+tvwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<ooqqstJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tporqrx pr pMJ

-X[ÄĄowttttÄĄppqstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqotqÄĄppqtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupppwtx pt qMJ

orrrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssroÄĄoqrossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłtpqprp pr pMJ

9[TS[\HpoqqpsÄĄppswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžttsqpu pq rMJ

U\Lspwrqpt pp qMJ S[Č&#x2030;wpvrsr qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpvrsr u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oqtsrsJ+trprpoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvrrJ+qttpsoSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqtsrsJ+trprpoSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oqtsrsJ+trprpoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvrrJ+qttpsoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvrrJ+qttpsoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqtsrsJ+trprpoSI[+L[H \JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosotosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotssqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovprrr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?171


pq.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;quMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUqoP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTprP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHquT[+OL.W[Qpq.\XȤqs Q^XSSQrq\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]/\Ĺ S[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ototsuJ+qwsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppswto s 

OO\Oj[L<osqvrvJ+tvtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ototsuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<oopxttJ+sustrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpwtr x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqooxÄĄoxouqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtqswÄĄpqppsv

O^Kuvqou pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HouoppoÄĄowqooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžtutusr pq sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovporwÄĄowsrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqqqqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louosow(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ossxrsJ+tvtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsvot t (

qwsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ottoqsJ+orpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tpprprw pr pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvsqÄĄouqvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpusxÄĄppqsrx

QĂžTupptxrr pt qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssqvÄĄorpvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxstÄĄotruot

Ç?Çłtpqpsst pr pMJ

oporsvÄĄoptrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqppsvÄĄpqtwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspwrxrs pp qMJ

oqttpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovqwoqÄĄowtstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpvrotq qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpvrotq u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ossxqvJ+tvtxqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S

9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<otouopJ+qwspsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ossxqvJ+tvtxqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ossxqvJ+tvtxqqtSI[+L[Hqrt vxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ossxqvJ+tvtxqqtS I[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otouopJ+qwspsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otouopJ+qwspsvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<otouopJ+ qwspsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossxqvJ+tvtxqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppswtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosopoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovoxrv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otorouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?172


pr.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUqpP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTpsP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqvT[+OL.W[Qpr.\XȤqt Q^XSSQrq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrutrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ourxsuJ+rqrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqsrpx t 

-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<osswrpJ+tvtvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L<ovouqsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ourxsuJ+rqrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9soqtqq po pMJ

svqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwouÄĄouqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kuwrso pt pMJ

O[bS[S[\HousurtÄĄovrrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxottpÄĄorpvpr

ǜžtwpppq pq sMJ

osqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsqsÄĄpqprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;wpvqvsp qo qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsrrvÄĄpopuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsqqsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louorox(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrwou\Oj[LoxstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrrqs u (

rsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otsxsrJ+oroqt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpqroso pr pMJ

ovrtpqJ+stqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<oortqvJ+

QĂžTupqsox pt qMJ

-X[ÄĄovpvoqÄĄowourpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsttÄĄoporqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłtpqqvtx pr pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqvrsÄĄovpvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoptqswÄĄ

U\Lspwsutp pp qMJ

porwspÄĄppqtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxowÄĄopqptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^qpvqvsp u sMJ

osoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovoupvJ+rsoqvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsxruJ+oqxstSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovoupvJ+rsoqvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovoupvJ+rsoqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ousoopJ+rqrtsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ousoopJ+rqrtsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otsxruJ+oqxstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ousoopJ+rqrtsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovoupvJ+rsoqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovptopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ optxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotruroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovotspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?173


ps.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUqqP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTptP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqwT[+OL.W[Qps.\XȤqu Q^XSSQrq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvpwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrprJ+rvpvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprvrt

M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oxrvrxJ+xtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rvpvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxrssuJ+xtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spqrupw po sMJ

\JLotrwroÄĄovpvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptqpuÄĄorrpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Kuxsstv pt pMJ

osortqÄĄotrutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstqrÄĄporssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtxqtsq pq sMJ

osqursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosqursÄĄottxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqpo(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<ovotqqJ+rrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

u O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorptou v (

\Oj[L<ovrspoJ+stopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrprJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tprqxss pr qMJ

U9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<oportuJ+swrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTuprqoto pt rMJ

S[\HoustsoÄĄoxtpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpppvÄĄorpvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłtpqsppr pr pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxotprÄĄoxtpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqtrtxÄĄ

U\Lspwtsu pp qMJ

ppswopÄĄopptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpvqsro qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpvqsro u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovotpsJ+rrvtoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxrvtsJ+xtwroSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ovotpsJ+rrvtoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovotpsJ+rrvtoSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprpt pvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrvtsJ+xtwroSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovotpsJ+rrvtoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrvtsJ+xtwroSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxrvtsJ+xtwroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owrrotJ+rvpvqvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovotpsJ+rrvtoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrotJ+rvpvqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxrvtsJ+xtwroSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovppouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovopstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?174


pt.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUqrP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTpuP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqxT[+OL.W[Qpt.\XȤqvQ^XSSQ rq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvsqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<porusrJ+sqqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrotp

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxrrssJ+xswtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwtsÄĄouqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqssotv pp sMJ

-X[ÄĄospxrtÄĄottwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoussstÄĄoxtppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kupotqss pt qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowoustÄĄowtuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrpqqÄĄ

ǜžtposopr pr pMJ

popuovÄĄppswrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowtqtuÄĄpoqopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoppo(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oxrurvJ+xttpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

v O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortqtt w (

porusrJ+sqqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<oprxps

Â&#x201E;OT]tpsqwtp pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄovpvqwÄĄoxstpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprpoÄĄorropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupsprr pt rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqppopÄĄorpvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosososÄĄotrvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłtpqtsqu pr pMJ

owpvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsrsqÄĄpopuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lspxppx pp qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpvqpqo qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpvqpqo u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxruqxJ+xtstvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<porutxJ+sqqupqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oxrrrvJ+xsvsvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ S[\H<

porutxJ+sqqupqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsu vpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxruqxJ+xtstvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxruqxJ+xtstvt SI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxruqxJ+xtstvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<porutxJ+sqqupqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxrrrvJ+xsvsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxruqxJ+xtstvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJS[\H<porutxJ+sqqupqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovovpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutvsx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?175


pu.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;roMÄłL[PQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUqsP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTpvP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHroT[+OL.W[Qpu.\XȤqwQ^XSSQ rq\X@S]QX[Tj[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;T\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<oospsqJ+svruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqqto

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<pprxoqJ+ptoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tpquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxpwÄĄouqwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tusqss pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄospwstÄĄottvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtvqwÄĄoqrotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kupptvx pt qMJ

ovpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HottvowÄĄousrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžtpptssv pr pMJ

-X[ÄĄosqstsÄĄottvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HottvowÄĄovqssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louoopo(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<pqprrvJ+puqusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

w O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losqvst x (

oospsqJ+svruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<oqprtpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tptqvuo pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄovpvsoÄĄoxstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqswÄĄorqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupssqqo pt rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrotrÄĄorpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqwqxÄĄ

Ç?Çłtprvso pr pMJ

opqoquÄĄoqtqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrxpwÄĄovpprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lspxwro pp qMJ

-X[ÄĄospoovÄĄotrvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpvpwx qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpvpwx u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pqprqxJ+puquqvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprxpwJ+ptouoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqprqxJ+

puquqvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< pqprqxJ+puquqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqprqxJ+

puquqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oosprsJ+svrtsoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprxpwJ+ptouoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqprqxJ+puquqvtSI[+L[HXO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oosprsJ+svrtsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovorprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutrtt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?176


pv.\LjLtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSpw.\LjL>[ŃpJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]x„WbŋǃSutqO[+T[bJUqtP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTpwP[Jtvs…QcHp„QS[.W[Qpv.\XȤqxQ^XSSQrq \X@S]„QS[Q[X[SMjT[\JL

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ \Oj[L<oqrvrwJ+tqqsto„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osprrv

9SG\9Ǣö„O\LSMS<opsosuJ+qorso„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

tqrssvt„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouqwsvġowtuos„Mj[

„@[T[9tpwstpq pr rMJ

-X[ġpqporoġopssou„Mj[-X[ġoqrotsġotrwou„Mj[(

O^Kupqtvtx pt qMJ

otovop„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horpvsqġososro„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾tprxqq pr pMJ

9[TS[\Hoppstpġoqsqru„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottxox(

\ƻH]j[LíÊXƚ[„O\LSMS<oqsupwJ+qqsvro„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[

x O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotooru po (

oqrvrwJ+tqqsto„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;/Ń\Oj[L<oqsprvJ+

„OT]tpuqvpp pr qMJ

-X[ġpqpqqvġorqwto„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howpuroġoxtoou„Mj[

QþTuptqrpp pt rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLospvttġotovop„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLospvttġ

Ǐdztprqotq pr qMJ

popttpġppsvts„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvtsġoppxtv„Mj[(

U\Lspxptrw pp qMJ

S[ȉwpvpstw qo qMJ „9H^qpvpstw u sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „Q[V;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<oqsurqJ+qqswtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]L

O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS< oqsurqJ+qqswtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqsurqJ+qqswtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oqrvrqJ+

tqqsrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<oqrvrqJ+tqqsrtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqrvrqJ+tqqsrtS

I[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(„O\LSMS<opsorxJ+qorqqtSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ„O\LSMS<oqsurqJ+qqswtSI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqrvrqJ+tqqsrtSI[+L[HL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loutxpv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxpqpq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lppqxpu„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[ opsrqr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orspqx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotqosu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lousxtx„Mj[(„QV S[\UH„WŁ[owqppv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpoouqr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqppoo„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqvrv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrqv„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď177


pw.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUquP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTpxP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpw.\XȤro Q^XSSQrq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwtsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ospttwJ+tuqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otorrs

O[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwswJ+qsrqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotsoouÄĄovpwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uotptp ps rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqrottÄĄorpvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqrxotÄĄ

O^Kuprtstx pt rMJ

oqtpqoÄĄosqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpptwÄĄowsrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottwow(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Q[J[L<otouopJ+qwrtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

po O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotrqqq pp (

ospttwJ+tuqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<oqttspJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpvquqs pr rMJ

-X[ÄĄowtuouÄĄppqrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowptsuÄĄppqrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupust pt rMJ

orqwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssoqÄĄoqrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłtprrst pr qMJ

9[TS[\HpopwtqÄĄppsuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtpsqrtw pr qMJ U\Lspxqqss pp qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpvppsv qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpvppsv u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otottrJ+qwrtqvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[ O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otottrJ+qwrtqvtS

I[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otottrJ+qwrtqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ospttpJ+tuqxqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<ospttpJ+tuqxqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ospttpJ+tuqxqqt SI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxoqJ+qsrrqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ospttpJ+tuqxqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouttqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxowpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lousuoq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpooqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?178


px.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;rJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUqvP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTqoP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHrÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpx.\XȤpWNS rq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ospsttJ+tuqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ottrpt

<ovostpJ+rrrptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otqxsxJ+txrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upruq pt qMJ

otsoroÄĄouqxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwpwÄĄppqqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kupssvts pt rMJ

opsrtvÄĄorpvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostptsÄĄotrwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtptrwru pr qMJ

opsxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxtxÄĄpqtutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;wpvwru qo qMJ

9[TS[\HovqqpoÄĄowtopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottvow(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<otqxsxJ+txrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Q[J[L

pp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louosoq pq (

ospsttJ+tuqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ostttxJ+qwxsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpwqtso pr rMJ

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oqtpqtJ+tqtvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTupustr pt sMJ

owptoqÄĄoxoqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsxopÄĄpqoxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłtprsvpu pr qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HottsosÄĄowptoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoorwÄĄ

U\Lspxqxsw pp qMJ

ovpqpqÄĄowsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoppwtxÄĄoqtospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^qpvwru u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ovossrJ+rrrprqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovossrJ+rrrprqtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

Q[J[L<ovossrJ+rrrprqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otroorJ+txrrtqtS

I[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<ostttpJ+qwxqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ovossrJ+rrrprqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<otroorJ+txrrtqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoutpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxosqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oprtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LousqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqorowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?179


qo.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;sJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUqwP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTqpP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqo.\XȤqWNS rq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<otqxowJ+txrprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousrps pr 

owrvoqJ+rvqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG;S\Oj[L<otqxowJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oupstpJ+pqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqtrorx pu qMJ

ouqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwrpÄĄowovqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrstÄĄ

O^Kuptruro pt rMJ

orpworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqxsqÄĄovpwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžtputrpu pr rMJ

9^\T9S[\HportrrÄĄppqqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsutwÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wpvtqu qo qMJ

oqsqssÄĄosppopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottuov(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<oupstpJ+pqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loururp pr (

txrprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otttsvJ+rorwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tpxqstw pr rMJ

oqqtpoJ+tptosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotsotsÄĄ

QĂžTupvqus pt sMJ

opooppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousoowÄĄovqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxopqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłtpsoqv pr qMJ

opsxooÄĄosptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqrsÄĄpqppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspxrusx pp qMJ

oppwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrtuÄĄpoptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qpvtqu u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ottuopJ+rorwsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrutuJ+rvqptSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ottuopJ+rorwsvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L

9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owrutuJ+rvqptSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrutuJ+rvqptSI[+L[H

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< ouptouJ+pqtroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrutuJ+rvqptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<ouptouJ+pqtroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<ottuopJ+rorwsvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrutuJ+rvqptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouptouJ+pqtroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LousvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxooqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpppvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotowtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourwpo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpptxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?180


qp.\LjLtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSqq.\LjL>[ŃsJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pr„WbŋǃSutqO[+T[bJUqxP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTqqP[Jtvs…QcHs„QS[.W[Qqp.\XȤrWNS rq\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ \Oj[L<oupsrpJ+pqsqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousrps pr 

oxrxsrJ+rxtvqt„Mj[I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oupsrpJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

<ouqwttJ+ptxqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;.j^Ɛ[L\Oj[L<

„@[T[9vwww pv qMJ

ovpwss„Mj[-X[ġopswqvġorqttq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourxpqġ

O^Kupuqoro pt rMJ

otrxsq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsstqġporrrt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ƕ¾tpwvtv pr rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosqospġottqop„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsttpġoppspx

O^SH/Q[J[Lotttot(

MčQ]\Oj[L<ouqwttJ+ptxqt„Mj[I[+L[HVƊ]LíÊ-L^S[K[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loururp pr (

pqsqt„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouqtsqJ+rptq„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L

„OT]tqoqspw pr sMJ

oprsqvJ+sxsqtqt„Mj[I[+L[H„WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotsppwġ

QþTupwvx pt sMJ

oxsvtt„Mj[-X[ġpqoxqvġorpwpo„Mj[-X[ġosotqoġ

Ǐdztpsprrv pr qMJ

oxoossġoxsvtt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqsxqoġosqosp„Mj[(

U\Lspxsrsv pp qMJ

„Mj[(

S[ȉwpvqpt qo qMJ „9H^qpvqpt u sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QÊS[\H<oxrxruJ+rxtustSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHS[\H<oxrxruJ+rxtust SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oupsqtJ+pqrsvtS

I[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\L XO[TL[XO[„L/S[\H<oxrxruJ+rxtustSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ouqwsxJ+ptwsvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupsqtJ+pqrsvtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqwsx J+ptwsvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupsqtJ+pqrsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<

oxrxruJ+rxtustSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ouqwsxJ+ptwsvtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJ LíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lousrrr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lowtuqx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lppprrr„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[opqvrx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orqtst„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lototoq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loursps

„Mj[(„QVS[\UH„WŁ[owotrr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxtorw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hppttpu„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpptq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvsr„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď181


qq.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;tJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUroP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTqrP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHtÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqq.\XȤsWNSrq \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ouqwruJ+ptwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrsow ps 

J+sppuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ouqwruJ+ptwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ouppsqJ+pptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<oopxrvJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqpops pw qMJ

-X[ÄĄovpwtuÄĄoxssswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqporxÄĄorqtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kuputxrx pt sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqoxppÄĄorpwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosotrrÄĄotsoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtpxqqso pr rMJ

owpqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowssopÄĄpoptppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lottsos(

\Oj[L<ouppsqJ+pptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[S[\H<poppsw

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovposv ps (

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ouqspvJ+rpsvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]tqpqrsp pr sMJ

surssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotspsqÄĄouropxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupwswpv pt sMJ

-X[ÄĄosprstÄĄottpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwpuÄĄoxsvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłtpsqusu pr qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowovrrÄĄowtuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovqtrqÄĄ

U\Lspxtosr pp qMJ

poptppÄĄppsuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowswpuÄĄpoputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wputxs qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qputxs u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<popqorJ+spputqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<popqorJ+spputqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9 S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<popqorJ+

spputqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqwtpJ+ptwtqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[

N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<popqorJ+spputqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oupptuJ+pptrtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oupptuJ+pptrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ouqwtpJ+ptwtqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupptuJ+pptrtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

ouqwtpJ+ptwtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<popqorJ+spputqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oupptuJ+pptrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppoxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotopouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louropw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpptpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqovtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?182


qr.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;uJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUrpP[JtxP[SH]j\W\PTqsP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHuÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqr.\XȤtWNSrq \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]J_;­[M^@[SÂ&#x201E;OTVĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsotsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ouppssJ+ppttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowquqs pt 

popssrJ+spqqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otqtpwJ+txpvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wsvtv px qMJ

otsqouÄĄourorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxoxÄĄoxsssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kupvrrsq pt sMJ

pqtupvÄĄoqrpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrpopÄĄorpwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtqorvqs pr sMJ

ourvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoppvopÄĄoqswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;wputttr qo qMJ

otsxtwÄĄovpwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosppspÄĄotsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottror(

\Oj[L<otqtpwJ+txpvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsvto pt (

ouppssJ+ppttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ottqpvJ+roquqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tqqqru pr sMJ

S[\H<pospqrJ+sqqxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTupxqxqw pt sMJ

pqpopwÄĄorqsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospqttÄĄotsxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłtpsrxtt pr qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLourorwÄĄovpxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HotsxtwÄĄ

U\Lspxtvru pp qMJ

otsqouÄĄovprotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospwtxÄĄotsxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qputttr u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<popsruJ+spqqptSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

popsruJ+spqqptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupptxJ+pptsqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupptx

J+pptsqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqtpoJ+txpvsoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?

WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oupptxJ+pptsqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqtpoJ+txpvsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowswrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louquqr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovtvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqosopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?183


qs.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;wJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUp.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxP[SH]j\W\PTqtP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHwÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqs.\XȤuWNSrq \X@S]J_;­[Ć&#x2020;Q]QX[-Ć&#x2020;Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsppwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otqtsqJ+txpwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxqops pu 

<oxtopvJ+soqoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ospqptJ+tupsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpvrpqt qo qMJ

ourotuÄĄowtuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtuÄĄorqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kupwqqr pt sMJ

oqrpoqÄĄotsotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLospqotÄĄotoorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtqptqpo pr sMJ

osottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopsttÄĄppstsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lottqop(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ospqptJ+tupsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqwso pu (

otqtsqJ+txpwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ostqprJ+qvttpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]tqrqqrr ps pMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsotoJ+rvqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTuqoposr pu pMJ

owppqoÄĄoxsuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowrxÄĄopsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłtpstrq pr qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLospqotÄĄotoorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpwroÄĄ

U\Lsqosqu pp rMJ

ppstsrÄĄoppurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopprttÄĄoqsqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wputqsq qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qputqsq u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<oxtorqJ+soqptSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ospqroJ+tuptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ospqroJ+

tuptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsu vpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxtorqJ+soqptSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxtorqJ+soqptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ospqroJ+tuptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxtorqJ+soqptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ospqroJ+tuptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<ostqotJ+qvtstvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtorqJ+soqptSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ospqroJ+ tuptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowssspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppopsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LouqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHQ[J[LovtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?184


qt.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;xJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUq.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxP[SH]j\W\PTquP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqt.\XȤv WNSrq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<osproqJ+tupuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoptqx pv 

<oxoqqwJ+rwpxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGOO\Oj[L<osproqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oqrurrJ+tqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xppoo qp qMJ

ovpxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtuptÄĄppqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowportÄĄ

O^Kupwqtqw pt sMJ

oqrsrtÄĄorqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrroÄĄoqrposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtqrutv pr sMJ

owsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoptquÄĄppssruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottpoo(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oqrurrJ+tqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[S[\H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpsox pv (

tupuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqvpwJ+qsqpuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tqsqqr ps pMJ

ouqpppJ+rprusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqttÄĄ

QĂžTuqotqq pu pMJ

ppqotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrposÄĄorpwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłtptux pr qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoqsusoÄĄospvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovprrqÄĄ

U\Lsqopppr pp rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;wpusxrq qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpusxrq u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxoqqoJ+rwpxrtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxoqqoJ+ rwpxrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxoqqoJ+rwpxrtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqruqtJ+tqprstSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxoqqoJ+rwpxrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqruqtJ+tqprstSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqvrqJ+qsqqrtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<oxoqqoJ+rwpxrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

oqruqtJ+tqprstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpotvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LossxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loupwrp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpprxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?185


qu.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;poJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUr.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxP[SH]j\W\PTqvP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpoÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqu.\XȤw WNSrq\X@S]J_;­[M^@[T\QTÂ&#x201E;Jg.T[\LĂ&#x2DC;]S[Q>Ĺ&#x192;S\O@bj[¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oosqouJ+svqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppppqw pw 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsptqJ+pxtvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrpxÄĄourprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xptqpq qq qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxstoxÄĄpqowovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrquÄĄorpwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kupwsqsr pt sMJ

owoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpqtvqwÄĄopstsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžtqsqpsu ps pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopptrrÄĄoqsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovpupsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsxtw(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Q[J[L<ovtssxJ+rtqxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoossx pw (

oosqouJ+svqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;K`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstoo

Â&#x201E;OT]tqtqprt ps pMJ

-X[ÄĄovpxswÄĄppqotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoxtpÄĄowtvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuqprrqs pu pMJ

-X[ÄĄostsorÄĄotspsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HotsutrÄĄ

Ç?Çłtptpxps pr qMJ

pqowovÄĄpqttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovprsuÄĄowssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsqopvtw pp rMJ

owstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpusuqp qo qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpusuqp u sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ovttotJ+rtroqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pprwrvJ+psswptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprwrvJ+ psswptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovttotJ+rtroqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpu

pwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<oosqooJ+svqusqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opspssJ+pxtvqtS I[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovttotJ+rtroqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oosqooJ+svqusqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowrutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpotrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orououÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosstqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loupsru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovsttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpprtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?186


qv.\LjLtxQ[\S/LW[/LW[uq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSqw.\LjL>[ŃppJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]px„WbŋǃSutqO[+T[bJUs.\LjLtxP[SH]j\W\PTqwP[Jtvs…QcHpp„QS[.W[Qqv.\XȤx WNSrq\X@S]„9Sb9S[H[=[\L QľX[LJ[bQ[JS[jLP\WH^T[j[+„T[Tj[WX(ÑJ]MbļÑRĄ[\QLbQ[-Lļ[j„OKbW((  Ø]M[U[ù^U[59[JU]Ø]S[QPSH\QTL\LjQSM[\T\LjQbWO[9[M9SM[\T-9S[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ S[\H<porrpvJ+sqstt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqovos px 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pprxtqJ+pstpqqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆS[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

O[TO„R[;U_T\Oj[L<pqtttoJ+pwppvt„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě\Oj[L<

„@[T[9xqxttq qr qMJ

ourptq„Mj[-X[ġovqoopġowowox„Mj[-X[ġporqrtġ

O^Kupwtrtv pt sMJ

orpwtp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLourptqġovqoop„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ƕ¾tqtruru ps pMJ

9^\T9S[\Hporqqpġppqoou„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppssswġ

S[ȉwpusrpo qo qMJ

oqsroqġospqrs„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotswtu(

ǚz[JU]LíÊK\LƊ[Q[J[L<ourqqvJ+rqqto„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppoorr px (

porrpvJ+sqstt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxqsrpJ+xpq„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]tquqpx ps pMJ

oxturrJ+porqt„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrsrġ

QþTuqqpsto pu pMJ

pqtvoo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourrrvġovqpqq„Mj[-X[ġowtutqġ

Ǐdztptrqpw pr qMJ

opstoxġosoxrt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqosrġpqowtq„Mj[(

U\Lsqoqsrx pp rMJ

opptos„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsspuġpopsrq„Mj[(9[TS[\H

„9H^qpusrpo u sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<pprxsuJ+pstpvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9Q[J[L<ourqqoJ+rqqrqtSI[+L[H9^Ŧ S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprxsuJ+

pstpvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[

„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<ourqqoJ+rqqrqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspu pvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<ourqqoJ+rqqrqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/S[\H<porrrqJ+sqtrqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ S[\H<porrrqJ+sqtrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<porrrqJ+sqtrqtSI[+L[H M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprxsuJ+pstpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ourqqoJ+rqqrqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<porrrqJ+ sqtrqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loupxtw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lowrqts„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lposxtw„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[oposos„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[oroqpo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Losspqw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louposo

„Mj[(„QVS[\UHQ[J[Lovsptw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxqvor„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpprpso„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opswpv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososow„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď187


qw.\LjLtxQ[\SW[9TbWLuq\ÊM^S[ŕrvtr9T½[ŕ„WgSqx.\LjL>[ŃpqJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[ŕvox\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qo„WbŋǃSutqO[+T[bJUt.\LjLtxP[SH]j\W\PTqxP[Jtvs…QcHpq„QS[.W[Qqw.\XȤpo WNSrq\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ „Wń[<owptotJ+rupwqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[opootx qo 

UH\PV[Q[J[L<ostxptJ+qwwto„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ9SGOO\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<ovorouJ+rpvqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;

„@[T[9poprpwpu qs qMJ

qsxqvt„Mj[I[+L[HǝO-Q`HbR[;\JLotssowġovqops„Mj[

O^Kupwtxq pt sMJ

-X[ġpqovruġorpwtw„Mj[-X[ġosousxġotsqro„Mj[(

Ƕ¾tqutpqw ps qMJ

oxssos„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqsssoġospsst„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsvtt(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotssow\Oj[Loxssqq„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqooru qo (

<oxqtrxJ+xpsto„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„Wń[<owptotJ+rupwqt

„OT]tqvqost ps qMJ

;Ě\Oj[L<oxtvqoJ+porsqt„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ\Oj[L<outpttJ+

QþTuqqtupx pu pMJ

-X[ġopssruġorqosq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourqspġoxssos„Mj[

Ǐdztptstqp pr qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxssqqġporqqt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Howtuprġ

U\Lsqorppw pp rMJ

ospsstġotssto„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsrsoġopprqr„Mj[(

S[ȉwpurxtx qo pMJ „9H^qpurxtx u rMJ

O^KO\¾/H/„O\LSMS<oppuovJ+ pwtp

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ostxowJ+qwwrqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHQ[J[L<

ostxowJ+qwwrqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[ 1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<ostxowJ+qwwrqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[

1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„Wń[<owpstxJ+

rupwpoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ostxowJ+qwwrqtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V„Wń[<owpstxJ+rupwpoSI[+L[H

\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[<owpstxJ+rupwpoSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxqtrpJ+xpsroSI[+L[HL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ostxowJ+qwwrqtSI[+L[H

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ „Wń[<owpstxJ+rupwpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loupuor„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lowqwtw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lposuoq„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[opooow„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[oqtwps„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Losrvrq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louousr

„Mj[(„QVS[\UHQ[J[Lovrwop„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxqrov„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hppqvss„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opssqq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoopp„Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\ď188


qx.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\S/bS/uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;prJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUu.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxP[SH]j\W\PTroP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHprÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqx.\XȤppWNS rq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrpxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ottptqJ+ropxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqpr qp 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovosprJ+rqopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tvpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<outqsrJ+qtpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqvrupp qt rMJ

otssrrÄĄourqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqoqvÄĄoxsspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kupwtvtq pt sMJ

ourpstÄĄoxsrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqovqoÄĄorpxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžtqwuqp ps qMJ

9^\T9S[\HovpxsqÄĄowovrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowssqqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wpurusw qo pMJ

owsrrtÄĄpoprqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsutr(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqopxJ+qsoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oporso qp (

Q[J[L<ottptqJ+ropxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osrxoxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tqwqoqs ps qMJ

I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<orsssuJ+ttorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTuqrrvtq pu qMJ

pqowpoÄĄorpxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosovttÄĄotsrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłtpttwqq pr qMJ

osovoqÄĄotsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowowqsÄĄowtuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsqorvtr pp rMJ

popspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopspuÄĄppssppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qpurusw u rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqoppJ+qsovtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqoppJ+qsovtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L

99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <orqoppJ+qsovtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[

1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqoppJ+qsovtS

I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottpstJ+ropxqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqoppJ+qsovtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ottpstJ+ropxqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L I[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outqrtJ+qtpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqoppJ+

qsovtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ottpst J+ropxqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoupqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LposqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH\Oj[L pqtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosrrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LouoqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHQ[J[LovrsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxpxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppqrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S59

M[\Ä?189


ro.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxQ[\SI[+>[uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp9[\ĥ­9>[Ĺ&#x192;psJbQ[JSQ[X[tvsU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vox\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SutqO[+T[bJUv.\Ç&#x2C6;LtxP[SH]j\W\PTrpP[JtvsÂ&#x2026;QcHpsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qro.\XȤpqWNS rq\X@S]9[\H\OČ&#x2030;

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrsrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwpuJ+qspxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsoqp qq 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG;S\Oj[L<ossopvJ+tvpxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tpqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<oorxquJ+svpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppptupo qu rMJ

oxssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqovsxÄĄorpxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosovotÄĄ

O^Kupwtoqu pt sMJ

oqrpppÄĄorpxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourqsxÄĄovqospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtqxqppu ps qMJ

oqsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsstwÄĄovpssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospros

S[Č&#x2030;wpurrrw qo pMJ

ÄĄotsrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsttq(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsorxJ+pxtoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqowqp qq (

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwpuJ+qspxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqputxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tqxqot ps qMJ

I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotsstwÄĄourqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqospÄĄ

QĂžTuqspxqw pu qMJ

otsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqttovÄĄoqrpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

Ç?Çłtpuppqq pr qMJ

9^\T9S[\HotsqswÄĄourotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopprrvÄĄ

U\Lsqossqt pp rMJ

ÄĄotsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HotsqswÄĄovpqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosprpt

Â&#x201E;9H^qpurrrw u rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsoroJ+pxsxtqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L

99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <opsoroJ+pxsxtqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsoroJ+pxsxtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwpoJ+qspxqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsoroJ+

pxsxtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< orqwpoJ+qspxqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouowppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowqpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LporwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH\Oj[L pqtqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LottwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHQ[J[LovrooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxptpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpppxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opruroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

p9[\ĥ­9txQ[\ST[Q^/\W+uq\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvtr9T½[Ĺ&#x