Page 1

55


Q[\S55

M[\ď0


Iu bgt kÖxm~hŠ¨vq ci eªÞ‥Y bgt

Bgvi ‥mbvLqvZ

weòzwcÖqv gwYcyix Vvii cyivbv cvwÄ m~hŠwm×vť�i gvwnj Mbvwb A‥m MbvwbiKv gvaecyii cweÎ ivmi RvMv Anvb‥i †K›`ªM aivwb ABj AÿZzc: 24.31º Jqvs `ªvwNgvZzc: 91.84º gyO mgqi jqvM: 6º gyO

gvwi 55 DĂ‹g wmsn

‥cŠwi http://www.pouri.org

wbDBqKŠ, wZjcvivóª

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?1


9I[.9>^\C

\Q\OĆ‹^\Ă‘j[Q\GM^S]D[STM[\Ä?.X[L\L9[T[\LQbLj[„;T;[9HOWSK\Sj[XŇ[9bSg\SH[(QSW[KL[-X[LSNTX[L .\XT“M[\Ä?â€? L[=SWNC7j½[SX[LT(QS5bS“M[\Ä?â€? L[=S;L95X[LTȉĪ[X[\S\JL9[SL[;/M^S[OWS.X[S

M[\Ä?X[L;L[\L59bSS(M[\Ä?;L[\LS9[\J@[HSQ[\X.bWp(W^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźO[bS[q(\Oǜĭ\WÄ­[ÄźO[J`9\WÄ­[Äź(W^R­½

\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X5H[M^S[L[9[bTÄĄ>\Tj[.bXQ[\XÂ&#x201E;RH[TO[@[bS>bTSO[+T[Sj[QM[\Ä?;L[\L-S(\Qbjg/bQW^R­½\WÄ­[Äź Q[\X/Tj[M[\Ä?5X[LQ_\H­M[T9ST^(/+bS@]9½[bTÄš[SÂ&#x201E;>j[M^S[L[\JL.X[LX[SM[\LO[S/\HX[WS<CL[S\JL.X[L \OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LL^\=\9Ǣ.Q[SM[\Ä?5H[S\JLH[\S:O[bS[\H\I\L9[T[\L5X[LX[\OÄĄ\XL9[QX[L(-X[bL.\Q X[\Ç M^S[L[\JLH[\S:5H[/bQ/+bS\@TQ[\Hj[S(H[I9j[QS5bSČ&#x2030;S9[XĤ[5X[bLÂ&#x201E;R9^LM^S[L[H[\S:\H\I

\OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LO[SL[L[L;bOVL[S9[bQT[;H/-X[LÂ&#x2026;Ç&#x2C6;bLj(.Q[SP[SH1MQX[bJUSQ^+O[S[HÂ&#x201E;RÂ&#x201E;RWL-Ĺ&#x2022;O[ M[\Ä?O½[OX[S9S[\L-S-H[X[\Ç 5bM/HÂ&#x201E;>ĹŻS[\LHXĤ[.X[bLgI^/T^(

OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;SQ[\S5X[L9^ĹĄ[;[ÄĄ>[T^-bWX[L-X[LQ[H[\L\XL(9^L;/Q[ÄĄ[S[O[JU[X.9ObS\L9[T[bWX[LO[bS[ 9HH[/Q[ÄĄ[S[S[@[UU[+9/\L9[T[bWX[L(\Q-W[bJÂ&#x201E;9[L6\HX[\W9H9­HR[L[L[QL[1\S(5Q[\Spspx/bT

.\@9[ÄĄpspxOWS.b;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;-9S[\L-bW5W[bJÂ&#x201E;TM9\Sj[pOĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;ÄĄ-9\Sj[X[\SQ[\SSM[\Ä?.X[LU[H9ST^(

\X@\S\X@\SH[\S:;L[\LSL[L[LMÄ­\H>[T^-bW-H[X[\OH:[\LL[:[\LÂ&#x201E;RW[bJ1T[TS(-X[bLQSMÄ­\H 9^bjH O[bS[Q[/žWNCMÄ­\HS:[\LW+Ć&#x2019;[S9\Sj[ 5X[bHgp\JLÂ&#x201E;XTO[9Q/bHM[bS(\X@\SH[\S:Â&#x201E;TM9S[\LS>^ĹĄ[

MÄ­\HX[L/TH[/I[\>S\M?S\JbLÂ&#x201E;OT];O^S[\LSI[+L[H@^T[9X[LÂ&#x201E;J:bT-\JLS\M?S\JbLM/T[Q[W(Â&#x201E;J:[\L5X[bHg Â&#x201E;ObWM-/bHM[bSÂ&#x201E;Q<[T[/bTÂ&#x201E;R;Â&#x201E;>/H/-;S>[L[X[LÂ&#x201E;W+L[/bTO[Â&#x201E;9[L@[;[X[ÄĄÂ&#x201E;>/H[S[5W[bJ(-X[bL

O[+T[bJbU/bQWS9[\S@[H]j>[*JÂ&#x201E;J:[9\Q\CbjÂ&#x201E;RX[LÂ&#x201E;TM9SH[/-X[LS;b@I[Ĺ°\Jj[\X@\SH[\S:O[bS[MO­ Â&#x201E;TM9S[\L-S(

O[+T[bJUO[+T[bJUSO[+T[59[bEQ]bjÂ&#x201E;RO[+T[M[\Ä?SW+Ć&#x2019;[S9bS\W-X[L/bQâ&#x20AC;&#x153;O[+T[bJUâ&#x20AC;? O^\Tj[Â&#x201E;JL[-/T( Q[\XW^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X/Tj[\JLO[SMSOXO[WQjR[Ă&#x160;[\H\ILĂ­Ă&#x160;9SLÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă XƤ^C.\J;LbT1 Â&#x201E;OL]b@[T[9\L9^T[\LO^S[\LĂ XLO[bS[TĂś5H[Č&#x2030;ÄŞ[J`9\WÄ­[Äź/Tj[;L[\L-/T(

Â&#x201E;RH[S;bOVL[O[bS[9Q­ĥM[+T[9M[W^H[ 1. Shree Ajit Krishnan, MHora-v0.2.

2. Shree Michio Yano (http://www.cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp/~yanom/) articles, and Pancanga (version 3.13). 3. Shree Vinay Jha (http://jyotirvidya.wetpaint.com/), Shree Surya Siddhanta releted all articles. 4Ă&#x2DC;]W_R­½\WÄ­[ÄźÇ&#x2030;[Q]\OÄ&#x152;[L[LĹ prpuW[TÂ&#x201E;OT^hQD9\T9[H[(

5. Indian Astronomy: An Introduction By S. Balachandra Rao, Year 2000, Universities Press.

6. Indian Calendric System, by Commodore S.K. Chatterjee (Retd.), Year 1998, Publication Division, MOIB, Govt of India.

My special thanks for their tools:

1. Microsoft for Visual Studio 2010 & Hijri Calendar.

2. Swiss Ephemeris (http://www.astro.com/swisseph/) for swedll32.dll

T\QbH;[X[\Ç S[+Â&#x201E;X/>[.X[LQS5bSČ&#x2030;Çł9[Q5X[HÂ&#x201E;9[LT[TI[/bTHS[9QbSO[b;/O[+\QT;[T;Â&#x201E;RW[bJ1 >^Q9SH1(

1ĥQ\W+X\L1/j9­pspxWL

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?2


\L+bIgbOT]QÄž]O^KM[\LS-\KM\HU\LO[bS[N[jNWTS-\KM\HQĂžT(

=========================================================

pÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qpQK^W^KLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qoQ[>­uswO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTroN[ÇľLtuxÂ&#x2026;QcHqpU\@O^.W[QpOX[;pw

@Q[\J1WW[\Lqv\X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/roÂ&#x2026;>HtsQ[\S uswrpx /LW[/LW[ J+sqqvt <qqtoSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LouoootO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovtwqpJ+rtrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howsuoo qo 

rvpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<owovsqJ+tqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovtutsJ+tqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Q[J[L<ovpwqsJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wtpopp px qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottttpÄĄovrqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposusrÄĄoppqox

O^Koprtsqs q pMJ

pooqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropprÄĄosrqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louopru(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtorrJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtwso qp (

I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovtwqpJ+rtrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]oopvqp p pMJ

rrqrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;S[\HopprpuÄĄorruso

QĂžTqprvrx t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtwpsÄĄposusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpspsÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqrsrro q sMJ

osrqovÄĄouoropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpqoprrÄĄoprpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqsstt q sMJ U\Lqpoptt u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprsxrx qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprsxrx pr qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtoquJ+rvprtoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owovruJ+tqustSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtoquJ+ rvprtoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtoquJ+rvprtoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ovtwrtJ+rtspqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovtwrtJ+rtspqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owovruJ+tqustSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovtwrtJ+rtspqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LoupvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovsxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxrspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opttqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouqrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owruppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpotrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orotrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?3


qÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qqQK^W^KLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qpQ[>­uswO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqqU\@O^.W[QqOX[;px@Q[\J1WW[\L qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottvtwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<oworosJ+rtpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtpsu qp 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovtursJ+tpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<oworos

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOQ[J[L<ouputpJ+rotqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpwptpt qo qMJ

-X[ÄĄoppptuÄĄoqsxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosquprÄĄouorqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koptqvps q pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposxrwÄĄpprvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqrruÄĄ

ǜžoqttwpt q sMJ

ovrwsvÄĄowquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtutuÄĄpoqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprsuqw qu sMJ

porpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqpx(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H<oxrtttJ+rxpopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowsrst qq (

J+rtpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owpvqvJ+ttusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opptuo p pMJ

\JLottssvÄĄovrptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowqoroÄĄposuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqqprpx t rMJ

O[bS[S[\HovrwsvÄĄoxpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrttsÄĄosqrru

Ç?Çłoqrtvpw q sMJ

ottxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowqoroÄĄoxoxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lqpoupu u qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpoqwooÄĄpptxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqpvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tprsuqw pr qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<oxrtswJ+rxxtqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owpvqoJ+ttuqqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtusx J+tqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpvqoJ+

ttuqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr

ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxrtswJ+rxxtqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxrtswJ+rxxtqtSI[+L[HK[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqtuJ+rtpvsqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<oxrtswJ+rxxtqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqtuJ+rtpvsqt SI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtusxJ+tqqtSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqtuJ+ rtpvsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H< oxrtswJ+rxxtqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LoupoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosorqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouptqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpostqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?4


rÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qrQK^W^KLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qqQ[>­uswO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqrU\@O^.W[QrOX[;qo@Q[\J1WW[\L qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottutsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrwsrJ+rusxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoturt qq 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owpusuJ+ttstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Q[J[L<otrxqtJ+qxqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpssw qp qMJ

posxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqsrxÄĄoptxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsvroÄĄ

O^Koputwpo q qMJ

ouorsrÄĄoutpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxtwÄĄoropprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqvppqq r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouorsrÄĄovrrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqwspÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqso(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[S[\H<potprsJ+sqqptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrrqt qr (

owrwsrJ+rusxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxowrtJ+wvpo

Â&#x201E;OT]oqpsru p pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtvorÄĄopppsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqursÄĄ

QĂžTqqsxp t rMJ

osqqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLousqqrÄĄovrporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłoqsppx q sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLottrsrÄĄovqstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrqqwÄĄouorsr

U\Lqpoposr u qMJ

ottvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprsrpw qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprsrpw pr qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<potpquJ+sqqprvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owputxJ+tttroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<potpquJ+ sqqprvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H< potpquJ+sqqprvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<potpquJ+

sqqprvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrwtwJ+rutoqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owputxJ+tttroSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrwtwJ+rutoqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<potpquJ+sqqprvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LououpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpospqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqttruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?5


s…OU[:ttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\ÊM^S[ŕrvsx9T½[ŕ„WgSt…OU[:>[ŃqsQK^W^KLQ[X[tvoU9[ŕvot\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qrQ[>­uswO[+T[bJUx…>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTr…>Htvo…QcHqsU\@O^.W[QsOX[;qp@Q[\J1WW[\L qv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottttpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ S[\H<oxssptJ+rxruqo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptwro qr 

…H\HT\Oj[L<oxovrqJ+wsrqt„Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<oxssptJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HǶP-Q`HbR[;\JLouspqtġoxtuqw„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

„@[T[9xprrxtu qq qMJ

-X[ġoppproġoqoopu„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtprtġovrxov„Mj[

O^Kopwqvr q qMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horrsqoġosqptq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqutuġ

Ƕ¾oqwqsqu r pMJ

opqxrtġoqtwsq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorop(

JUQ]LíÊØOG[\Oj[L<oortrvJ+susvqt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqvpt qs (

rxruqo„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;W[K½Q[J[L<otqtqsJ+qwsxpqt

„OT]orprpp p pMJ

ovrxovġoxpsox„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottqrxġouspqt„Mj[

QþTqrqsst t sMJ

-X[ġpqqsptġorrsqo„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqurrġotptpw

Ǐdzoqsqtq q sMJ

pptwqq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptwqqġopqxsv„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqpoptpt u qMJ

S[ȉppprsov qu sMJ „9H^tprsov pr qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<oorttpJ+susvuoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxovsuJ+wtvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oorttp J+susvuoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oorttpJ+susvuoSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/S[\H< oxssowJ+rxruqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxovsuJ+wtvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJ LíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<oxssowJ+

rxruqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oorttpJ+susvuoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Louoqpt„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovrrrq„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxpwru„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqrpo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[oprxsu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orttrv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Louovrq„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owqoqw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hporvrq„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqtprx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsxsw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxov„Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\ď6


tÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qtQK^W^KLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qsQ[>­uswO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqtU\@O^.W[QtOX[;qq @Q[\J1WW[\Lqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottssvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<ppptqoJ+srqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqttqs qs 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<poquqrJ+ppqsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<ppptqo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLottpruÄĄovqxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposssrÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xquqqx qr pMJ

oqsuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrvtpÄĄotptrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

O^Kopxtrsr q qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoropprÄĄosrqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovqrpqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louorqq(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<oqssowJ+tqppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqrto qt (

J+srqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPQ[J[L<otrpttJ+qxwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]osppsr p qMJ

oppppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutptpÄĄoxpsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppruqtÄĄ

QĂžTqsorp t sMJ

\JLoqsxooÄĄorrvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptwsqÄĄoqsuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoqsrwtw q sMJ

owtsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporppqÄĄpqooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqxrvqv r pMJ U\Lqpopxtr u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprrutv qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprrutv pr qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otrqoxJ+qxwstSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqssoqJ+tqpptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqupvJ+ppqstSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otrqoxJ+qxwstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V

\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqssoqJ+tqpptSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqssoqJ+tqpptSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H

<ppptprJ+srquqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<poqupvJ+ppqstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<ppptprJ+srquqtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqssoqJ+tqpptSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pppxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?7


uÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;quQK^W^KLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qtQ[>­uswO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHquU\@O^.W[QuOX[;qr @Q[\J1WW[\Lqv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]OÇł\IL]59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottrsrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<opottrJ+swwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opsuoo

M_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGOO\Oj[L<pqowpwJ+ptspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rowqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLowpvqrÄĄposspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9powpsts qs pMJ

O[bS[S[\HouossuÄĄoutqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsouÄĄppruouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqppwo q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqqrquÄĄopposuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovqqpxÄĄ

ǜžpotoqu r qMJ

ovrrrpÄĄoxoqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorsr(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<otposqJ+twqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qt O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqpps qu (

opottrJ+swwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžQ[J[L<ottstxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]otpopr p qMJ

-X[ÄĄoppposÄĄoqswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvttÄĄotptsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqsrupw t sMJ

-X[ÄĄoptwouÄĄorrqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppposÄĄoqooop

Ç?Çłoqstqtt q sMJ

owtsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqxquÄĄoroppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqpoqsru u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprrrsu qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprrrsu pr qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<otportJ+twqovtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqowpoJ+ptspqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otport J+twqovtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opouovJ+swwtvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otportJ+twqovtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opouovJ+swwtvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqowpoJ+ptspqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opouovJ+swwtvtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otportJ+twqovtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?8


vÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qvQK^W^KLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]quQ[>­uswO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqvU\@O^.W[QvOX[;qs @Q[\J1WW[\Lqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottqrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<orovrtJ+trptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqroox

UH\PV[\Oj[L<otoxpvJ+twputqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oqotpxJ+qorutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orovrtJ+trptpt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqoqopq qt pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotsxqxÄĄovqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtssqÄĄpprqsv

O^Koqqrxst q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptvrpÄĄottrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxtsÄĄ

ǜžpqrqp r qMJ

pprqsvÄĄpqqpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwrrÄĄpprtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprrort qu sMJ

poqtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqtursÄĄosqtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosos(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotsxqx\Oj[LoxtssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

qu O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvss qv (

ovsupsJ+stptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;OT]ouwsp p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹQ[J[L<ouqwouJ+rprrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

QĂžTqtpqw t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvtxÄĄotpuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqqpÄĄoxpsos

Ç?Çłoqtutt q sMJ

orrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpsosÄĄposwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lqpoqxqt u qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptvpwÄĄopqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowtrqrÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tprrort pr qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orovtpJ+trptttSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovsuovJ+stprtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X

9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqotrsJ+qorvrtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<orovtpJ+trptttSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovsuovJ+stprtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovsuovJ+stprtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orovtpJ+trptttSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovsuov

J+stprtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orovtpJ+trptttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqotrsJ+qorvrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orovtpJ+

trptttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovsuovJ+stprtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxousvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?9


wÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qwQK^W^KLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qvQ[>­uswO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqwU\@O^.W[QwOX[;qt@Q[\J1WW[\L qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottpruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<otppovJ+twqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orowrv

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG;SQ[J[L<osoxpoJ+qtsxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovotrsJ+rrpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoxsvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqqpsp qt sMJ

opporxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtsouÄĄposrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

O^Koqrtwst q sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrrqoÄĄouotqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptxorÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louosqt(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ovstpoJ+ssxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qv O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqqp qw (

\Oj[L<otppovJ+twqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]ovvv p rMJ

orrpprQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotswquÄĄovqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrpsÄĄ

QĂžTqtsvuo t sMJ

oxpsorÄĄpooppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppqÄĄosrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoqtqotv q sMJ

opqvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžprpupr r qMJ

U\Lqporspx u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprqvqt qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprqvqt pr qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovstosJ+sswtvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<poqqoqJ+ppqruoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovstosJ+sswtvtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovstosJ+sswtvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqqoqJ+ ppqruoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovstosJ+sswtvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<poqqoqJ+ppqruoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovstosJ+

sswtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpotxJ+twquqqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovstosJ+sswtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<otpotxJ+twquqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<poqqoqJ+ppqruoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxoqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osprqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?10


xÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qxQK^W^KLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qwQ[>­uswO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqxU\@O^.W[QxOX[;qu@Q[\J1WW[\L qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottorqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<otoxsqJ+twqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orsqrw

\Oj[L<poqossJ+ppqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<ovoupxJ+rpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppsqqtr qu sMJ

otsvqrÄĄovqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowptosÄĄposqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koqtpssw q sMJ

ovrxttÄĄoxpsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorroquÄĄospvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpsqxr r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowptosÄĄoxospwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrxttÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprqsps qu sMJ

poqspvÄĄppturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqptÄĄporoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louossu(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ovoupxJ+rpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorostt qx (

otoxsqJ+twqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ouoxswJ+rotrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]owtrp p rMJ

Â&#x2026;OK`\HQ[J[L<ovrxquJ+rsrvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTquqrtr t sMJ

oppoquÄĄoqswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqvqpÄĄouotswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłoqtrtp q sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposwovÄĄpprtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospvroÄĄottpru

U\Lqporxpw u qMJ

owqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtptxÄĄpoqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tprqsps pr qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<poqotxJ+ppqpqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqotxJ+ppqpqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqotxJ+

ppqpqqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqotxJ+ppqpqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/

:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovoupqJ+rpvqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

poqotxJ+ppqpqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovoupqJ+rpvqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpporrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqroowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osoxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?11


poÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qxQK^W^KLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qxQ[>­uswO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqxU\@O^.W[QpoOX[;qv@Q[\J1WW[\L qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsxqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovotpuJ+rpssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osprqv

\Oj[L<pqsutuJ+pvqwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rtqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<owsspuJ+vqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppquqvqo qv rMJ

\JLoxtqtuÄĄoppopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvoqÄĄposvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koquqvsr q sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLourtrxÄĄovqstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HououoxÄĄ

ǜžptspsx r rMJ

otsuqoÄĄovpwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrrspÄĄououoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louotov(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<owsspuJ+vqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorttsx ro (

ovotpuJ+rpssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<ovtvqwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oxrtq p rMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<oworruJ+rtsorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTqutxsw u pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqqptoÄĄopttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsqsqÄĄospurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoqtsxv q sMJ

outrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwsrÄĄoroppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqpossqq u qMJ

ououoxÄĄovrspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqqqxÄĄottorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprqps qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprqps pr qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqsvpoJ+pvqxqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovotpoJ+rpsqvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqsvpoJ+pvqxqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqsvpoJ+ pvqxqvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pqsvpoJ+pvqxqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovotpoJ+rpsqvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

owssrpJ+vqtqvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovotpoJ+rpsqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqsvpoJ+pvqxqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<owssrpJ+vqtqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovoxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqquprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osotrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?12


ppÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;roQK^W^KLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]roQ[>­uswO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHroU\@O^.W[QppOX[;qw @Q[\J1WW[\Lqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotswquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<owsrrtJ+vqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossqpx

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttqwJ+qqtqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGL[;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxtwqxJ+porquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9owrwqr p rMJ

ÄĄoxtqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsopsÄĄoxprtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Koqvrvpt r pMJ

outrqqÄĄovsopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqpquÄĄorqwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžputsrr r sMJ

osptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqrptÄĄpptttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louotqw(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<oxtwqxJ+porquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losstsx rp (

owsrrtJ+vqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜS[\H<oxqspvJ+rxstqt

Â&#x201E;OT]opoqpp p sMJ

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpprrJ+rurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLourssq

QĂžTqvrtst u pMJ

otstpvÄĄourssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppoopÄĄoptxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłoqurps q sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosqvspÄĄotpvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqwtrÄĄ

U\Lqposxrq u qMJ

pptttsÄĄopqwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopqttqÄĄoqtrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprpvtr qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprpvtr pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttqpJ+qqtqrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqttqpJ+qqtqrqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttqpJ+qqtqrqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtwssJ+porrrvtS

I[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxtwssJ+porrrvtS

I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owsrqxJ+vqqtqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<oxtwssJ+porrrvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsrqx

J+vqqtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttqpJ+qqtqrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxtwssJ+porrrvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovouooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpottrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovtqtv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/osoprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otroswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?13


pqÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;p\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rpQ[>­uswO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHp9[bTL.W[QpqOX[;qx @Q[\J1WW[\Lqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsvqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxtvsvJ+porpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otpoqr

9SGOO\Oj[L<oxtvsvJ+porpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<poqssv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rtrutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotssptÄĄovqrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqotxw q rMJ

-X[ÄĄpprsptÄĄoqspqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwqoÄĄotpvqp

O^Koqwsrpo r pMJ

oqspqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroppqÄĄosrsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louotsw(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Q[J[L<osrxppJ+qvpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

rp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotrtto p (

J+sprwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LQ[J[L<ovtxsrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oppoqw p sMJ

-X[ÄĄposppvÄĄopoxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrrwÄĄoxprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqwppss u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtoÄĄorrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptsrsÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqupvqs q sMJ

ovpvosÄĄowsxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqxtvÄĄpptvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpwvpr r sMJ

U\Lqpotssu u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprpssq qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprpssq pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<osrxquJ+qvptqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<possovJ+pqqxsoSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<possov J+pqqxsoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp rsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osrxquJ+qvptqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqo qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtvsoJ+porotvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osrxquJ+qvptqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxtvsoJ+porotvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

osrxquJ+qvptqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<possovJ+pqqxsoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtvsoJ+porotvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<possovJ+pqqxsoSI[+L[H

MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxtvsoJ+porotvtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<possovJ+pqqxsoS I[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovoqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opowqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotruotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?14


prÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;q\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHq9[bTL.W[QprOX[;pS@Oqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsuqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<posrrrJ+pqqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otrwsw

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<posrrrJ+pqqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rsppqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLowpqopÄĄpososxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9prrqu r rMJ

O[bS[S[\HouovpqÄĄoutrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprttÄĄpprrtv

O^Koqxstps r pMJ

optxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqqorwÄĄopovpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpxpxtp r sMJ

9[TS[\HovrsssÄĄoxoqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououox(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L<ottstoJ+roquqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqusx q (

pottotJ+sqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Q[J[L<ovqstoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opptwsr p sMJ

-X[ÄĄopoxruÄĄoqswswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwqsÄĄotpvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqwsvst u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptrtxÄĄorqvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxruÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqurprt q sMJ

ovpuprÄĄowsxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqwpqÄĄoroppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqppot u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprpprq qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprpprq pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ottssrJ+roqupoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ottssrJ+roqupoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<posrqvJ+pqqwSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottssrJ+roqupoSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<posrqvJ+pqqwSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<potwrr J+prwqoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<posrqvJ+pqqwSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottssrJ+roqupoSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potwrrJ+prwqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oposqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpooqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?15


ps…OU[:ttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\ÊM^S[ŕrvsx9T½[ŕ„WgSpt…OU[:>[Ńr\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tvoU9[ŕvot\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]q5\ÑTuswO[+T[bJUpx…>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTpr…>Htvo…QcHr9[bTL.W[QpsOX[;qS@Oqv \X@S]>ŁLR[Ê[Ø]MSǶS[Q@jļ]-íjH`H]j[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotstpvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<potwqrJ+prvtt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louowsp r 

9SG;S\Oj[L<potwqrJ+prvtt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<potsor

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqppġovqprs„Mj[-X[ġ

„@[T[9ppupxpt s qMJ

outsoxġoxprts„Mj[-X[ġoptrqsġotsuqo„Mj[(

O^Kposrpo r qMJ

posvos„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpproopġpqpxsr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ƕ¾pporqqt s pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowswrpġpoqpsq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqtprwġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lououro(

>H^I­]LíÊ„S[\XG]Q[J[L<ourxtrJ+rqqpso„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovpxsp r (

J+sqtvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;„U[PLQ[J[L<ouqtroJ+rpstsqt

„OT]opqtutu p sMJ

oxtorwġpproop„Mj[-X[ġorrwqxġotpvtq„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QþTqxqrsv u pMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLoptxouġorrwqx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxprtsġ

Ǐdzoqustsv r pMJ

posvosġpprrrx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptstqġopqwoq„Mj[(

U\Lqpptqx u qMJ

ospwtx„Mj[(

S[ȉppprwqp qu rMJ „9H^tprwqp pr pMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

XSM;H[S[„íQ[Q[J[L<ourxsuJ+rqqpqqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<pospsqJ+pqqwsvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍ

OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S

O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pospsqJ+pqqwsvtS I[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<ourxsuJ+rqqpqqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv LíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<potwpuJ+

prvrvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L<ourxsuJ+rqqpqqtSI[+L[H L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<pospsqJ+pqqwsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<potwpuJ+

prvrvtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pospsqJ+pqqwsvtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<potwpuJ+prvrvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L< ourxsuJ+rqqpqqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pospsqJ+pqqwsvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Loutsps„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowrxpv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lposrtq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[ opooqv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orpupx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotqwpr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovspox„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxtwpq„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqpqqo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpoqx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsxsv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpxoo„Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\ď16


ptÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;s\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHs9[bTL.W[QptOX[;rS@Oqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotssptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<posptqJ+pqqxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louowsp r 

outssqJ+rrppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<posptqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxttsvJ+porurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqxqpsu t qMJ

orqtsxQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotspoxÄĄovqosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporxtpÄĄ

O^Kpprusr r qMJ

oxprtrÄĄpoooqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropprÄĄosrsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpppsstu s pMJ

opqrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououtp(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<oxttsvJ+porurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovpxsp r (

pqqxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<poqqqtJ+spsortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]oprttu q pMJ

otoqopJ+qwpxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;S[\HopouqoÄĄ

QĂžTqxtxtp u pMJ

opoxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtoosÄĄporxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłoqvop r pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrsrsÄĄouovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppturuÄĄ

U\Lqpppotw u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprtpo qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprtpo pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<posqouJ+pqqxsvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<outsruJ+rrpqtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<posqouJ+

pqqxsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsu vxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<outsruJ+rrpqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr

qtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<posqouJ+pqqxsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<outsruJ+rrpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxttrxJ+poruptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<posqouJ+pqqxsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxttrxJ+poruptSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<posqouJ+pqqxsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<outsruJ+rrpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxttrxJ+poruptSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[Q[X[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqturpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqowqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?17


puÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;t\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]s5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHt9[bTL.W[QpuOX[;sS@Oqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxtttoJ+porusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousppw s 

ouspqvJ+rqrostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxtttoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owsqstJ+vrurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Â&#x201E;O\LS

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpqsot u qMJ

ovpxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoxsuÄĄporxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxopÄĄ

O^Kpqqtrt r qMJ

oxprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqtorÄĄosppqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžppqtvqt s pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowoxsuÄĄowtxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsposÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprpuo qu rMJ

poqospÄĄpptspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqpuÄĄpoqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovpq(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<owsqstJ+vrurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howptov s (

porusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxqqqpJ+rxpquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opstrpt q pMJ

MS<orptrpJ+qrttttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotsoowÄĄ

QĂžTqporttv u qMJ

oqswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqwrpÄĄouowpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsposÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqvpspv r pMJ

posurxÄĄpprrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosppqvÄĄotssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpppurq u qMJ

owqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsvpoÄĄpoqospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tprpuo pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ouspqoJ+rqroqvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ouspqoJ+rqroqvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtuouJ+porvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[ TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owsqrxJ+

vrupvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ouspqoJ+rqroqvtS

I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owsqrxJ+vrupvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtuouJ+

porvqqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsqrxJ+vrupvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxtuouJ+porvqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ouspqoJ+rqroqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owsqrxJ+vrupvtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orowquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqosqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?18


pvÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;u\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]t5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHu9[bTL.W[QpvOX[;tS@Oqv \X@S]>Ĺ LVĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<owsrpqJ+vrvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovpwoq t 

ouorooJ+rotvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owsrpqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovouqpJ+rrwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;K`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qquprss v qMJ

opowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvrqÄĄposuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpxosÄĄ

O^Kprxrp r qMJ

ouqxotÄĄovpxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouowrvÄĄoutstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppsxto s qMJ

ovpqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrstuÄĄouowrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouowrvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louovrr(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<ovouqpJ+rrwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxprpv t (

vrvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovtvqwJ+rtsrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]opttpqp q pMJ

opowoxJ+pwsoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLoxswtvÄĄ

QĂžTqpppqs u qMJ

optpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrvtxÄĄosporuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłoqvqwrr r pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqvrrÄĄoropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrxovÄĄ

U\Lqppqqpp u qMJ

ovrtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospuqrÄĄotsrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqtwsx qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqtwsx pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowopJ+pwrxsqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ouoqtrJ+rotutqtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowopJ+ pwrxsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpv

pwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouoqtrJ+rotutqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owsrosJ+vrvqoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VQ[J[L <ouoqtrJ+rotutqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovouprJ+rrvstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsrosJ+vrvqoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovouprJ+rrvstSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owsrosJ+vrvqoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouoqtrJ+rotutqtSI[+L[H\JL JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovouprJ+rrvstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orosrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otovpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?19


pwÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;v\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHv9[bTL.W[QpwOX[;uS@Oqv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];Ăž[/Q[S@SQ

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspoxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovovowJ+rsoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowoopv u 

otoqtvJ+qwqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovovow

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OO\Oj[L<otppprJ+twtqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpopqx w rMJ

I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLouqwpoÄĄoxswqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovspqs

O^Kprswpq r rMJ

opowrwÄĄoptwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttppÄĄovspqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpptqqpq s qMJ

9^\T9S[\HorqrrqÄĄosoxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopxspÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqttrx qu rMJ

opqqpsÄĄoqswtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovtt(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<otppprJ+twtqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoprqx u (

J+rsoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ouppqoJ+rpqorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opusxqu q qMJ

posqsvJ+pqrxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owoprpJ+ttwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqppswpr u qMJ

ÄĄoxprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrwovÄĄouqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqvsqtq r pMJ

pqpwspÄĄorqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqwtqÄĄotpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqppqvts u qMJ

pptrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptrrrÄĄopqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tpqttrx pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otorpqJ+qwropqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otorpqJ+

qwropqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ovovopJ+rrxstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otorpqJ+qwropqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otppovJ+twtqroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovovopJ+rrxstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ovovopJ+rrxstSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

otppovJ+twtqroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovovopJ+rrxstS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otorpqJ+qwropqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otppovJ+twtqroSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

\Oj[LpqsssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovqtqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/orrsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otorpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?20


pxÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;x\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHx9[bTL.W[QpxOX[;vS@Oqv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]W]H[LOQ]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<otpqoqJ+twtssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowsxpo v 

MS<orsuqpJ+qtqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGOO\Oj[L<otpqoq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<orootxJ+trqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqspqp x rMJ

I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvovÄĄovpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporwooÄĄ

O^Kpsqpqq r rMJ

oqrusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwtrÄĄotpxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžppursro s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroppvÄĄosrtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovppowÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louowpu(

LOQ]\Oj[L<orootxJ+trqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppsoo v (

J+twtssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<osovtvJ+qupsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opvsvqw q qMJ

owoqpwJ+uoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<otoxtpJ+twtptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqpqqsqs u qMJ

opowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttqvÄĄoxprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqppÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqvtvpp r pMJ

\JLoqswstÄĄorrwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptorrÄĄoqruso

U\Lqpprrsp u qMJ

owstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqwsuÄĄppttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqtqqw qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqtqqw pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsupsJ+qtqopvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<osowpqJ+quptpqtS

I[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<osowpqJ+

quptpqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsupsJ+qtqopvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppq pspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsupsJ+

qtqopvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oroppsJ+trropvtSI[+L[H P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< oroppsJ+trropvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owoqrrJ+uptSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oropps J+trropvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoursrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orroowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?21


qoÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;po\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpo9[bTL.W[QqoOX[;wS@O qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oospopJ+svsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxstoo w 

M_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optqpxJ+qorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twtrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<oqpopwJ+tpqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9swposs po rMJ

oqswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwtxÄĄotpxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouoxsqÄĄ

O^Kpsswst r rMJ

orqqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopowpuÄĄoptwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžppvsusu s rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqvouÄĄoroppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovruooÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louowrv(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpuswJ+qprxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqpqqr w (

<oospopJ+svsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<otpospJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opwstqx q qMJ

O½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLowoutoÄĄporvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowpuÄĄ

QĂžTqproru u qMJ

outtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprsxÄĄpprptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsxtxÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqwpprp r pMJ

pqpvtuÄĄoportwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpopxÄĄowssrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpprxrr u qMJ

oxoqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqsxpv qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqsxpv pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpvopJ+qprxstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpvopJ+qprxstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpvopJ+qprxstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oosotsJ+svsptvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[

@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optqrsJ+qorwrvtSI[+L[H \JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpvopJ+

qprxstSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oosotsJ+svsptvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotosrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orquprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qpÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpp9[bTL.W[QqpOX[;xS@O qv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bQ[\XL]59[JU]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WOT\QH/

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?22


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<poptqoJ+sprwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lposusu x 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ppqxovJ+pssqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HS[\H<ppouqvJ+srsttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqqquru pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxosÄĄotpxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutuooÄĄoxprsx

O^Kptpot r rMJ

orrxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxprsxÄĄpostspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžppwtwtw s rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptqruÄĄopqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrtqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louowtx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<pqrxsqJ+pvrwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opouqw x (

<poptqoJ+sprwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxoppoJ+wrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]opxsrqv q qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtowÄĄovptsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsusuÄĄppqvqu

QĂžTqprruto u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsxquÄĄotrxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqwqttr r pMJ

ppqvquÄĄpqpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpostspÄĄpprprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqppstro u qMJ

popwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsutpÄĄospqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqsuv qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqsuv pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<pqrxtuJ+pvrxrqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<poptprJ+sprvstSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L< potwsuJ+prqxtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;

99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ S[\H<poptprJ+sprvstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqrxtuJ+

pvrxrqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potwsuJ+prqxtSI[+L[Hprtu wpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqrxtuJ+pvrxrqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potwsuJ+prqxt SI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pqrxtuJ+pvrxrqtSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<poptprJ+sprvstSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<potwsuJ+prqxtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poptprJ+sprvstSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppqxooJ+pssqpqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqrxtuJ+ pvrxrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<poptprJ+sprvstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potwsuJ+prqxtS

I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotoosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?23


qqÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpq9[bTL.W[QqqOX[;poS@O qv\X@S]M^ÇłbV[ÄĄQÇł\ĂŤL]\M\MH9]Ç&#x161;z[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovswrqJ+rtrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpptqpq po 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<potxsqJ+prrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<oxqosq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovswrqJ+rtrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tustrp pq sMJ

ruusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;S[\HoporoqÄĄorqort

O^Kptqtpp r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuptÄĄporusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxprswÄĄ

ǜžpqoppv s sMJ

osrttrÄĄoupoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptspuÄĄopqopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxqo(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrsox\Oj[LoxsuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opttpo po (

J+xquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<oxoqqoJ+wrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqospqr q rMJ

ourttoJ+qrspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoptpJ+

QĂžTqpsprt u rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrsoxÄĄovpstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporusoÄĄopovtt

Ç?Çłoqwsopt r pMJ

oxtxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropqpÄĄosrttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqpptprp u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqsqtu qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqsqtu pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<potxtuJ+prrpuoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxqoruJ+xquvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potxtuJ+prrpuoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oxqoruJ+xquvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potxtuJ+prrpuoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L Q[J[L<ovswquJ+rtrrptSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxqoruJ+xquvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<potxtuJ+prrpuoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovswquJ+

rtrrptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovswquJ+rtrrptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <oxoqpsJ+wrvstSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potxtuJ+prrpuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovswquJ+rtrrptSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxqoruJ+xquvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovoxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S55

M[\Ä?24


qrÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pp5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpr9[bTL.W[QqrOX[;ppS@Oqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otqtstJ+qxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqtwsw pp 

ovsxqqJ+tsoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ourvoqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ospurvJ+tuswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqprtx pr sMJ

ovpspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowossqÄĄporupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovstÄĄ

O^Kptrrto r rMJ

oxprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpxtpÄĄosotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžpqpqrpr s sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowossqÄĄowttprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsqpwÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqrxsu qu rMJ

popvpvÄĄpptptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqqqÄĄpoqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxsq(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<oxqprrJ+xqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrwss pp (

qrvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otqtstJ+qxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]oqprxpw q rMJ

otoorqJ+qwrttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrppÄĄ

QĂžTqpssxqp u rMJ

oqswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqxsvÄĄouposwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqpwÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqwtsrw r pMJ

postpxÄĄpprposÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosotruÄĄotrvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpptvru u qMJ

owqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqrtÄĄpopvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tpqrxsu pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxqpsuJ+xqxqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ospuroJ+tuswpvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ? OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

ovsxptJ+tsopoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[ Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`V

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ospuroJ+tuswpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxqpsuJ+xqxqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpu

pwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovsxptJ+tsopoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxqpsuJ+xqxqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L Q[J[L<otqtrwJ+qxrwsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovsxptJ+tsopoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqtrwJ+qxrwsqt SI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ourutrJ+qrutoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< oxqpsuJ+xqxqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<

otqtrwJ+qxrwsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoowqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovotstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S55

M[\Ä?25


qsÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ps\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHps9[bTL.W[QqsOX[;pqS@Oqv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]LS\W+X>H^­JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpppqJ+qstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqosto pq 

\Oj[L<ouqxprJ+qqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqovtqJ+tpqxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9utpwqv ps sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstpqÄĄopovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqwoxÄĄ

O^Kptrttv r rMJ

osossvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqqsxÄĄovprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpqqrtpt s sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotrqprÄĄovovouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrupwÄĄoupppo

S[Č&#x2030;pppqrurt qu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoos(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<ovtopqJ+tsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orpwpx pq (

ospvqwJ+tutosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpppqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqqrvpp q rMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqouqsJ+qpqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H

QĂžTqptqtso u rMJ

postoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuqwÄĄopsvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrrqwÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqxxr r pMJ

oupppoÄĄoututoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqursÄĄoropquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpqrst u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupppoÄĄovrusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosporoÄĄotruov

Â&#x201E;9H^tpqrurt pr pMJ

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twutvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovtootJ+tsqptSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ouqxqwJ+qqrvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <ovtootJ+tsqptSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqxqwJ+qqrvtS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<ouqxqwJ+qqrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orppouJ+qsssvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovtootJ+tsqptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orppou J+qsssvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouqxqwJ+qqrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovopsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxpwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?26


qtÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;>HtsP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpt9[bTL.W[QqtOX[;pr

S@Oqv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9^Q­@jÄź]Ă&#x2DC;]Q[KO]M_\G­Q[cOU[:]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O^Ä­M_\G­Q[ P;O[LO^Ä­S.\O­P[O\H\I Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SN^TbJ[T;bĹ&#x201E;Ç&#x2C6;S] M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsoxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxsoJ+pxrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loroxss pr 

\OU[:[\Oj[L<otqtpuJ+txstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ppqqqrJ+psrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upxqtrx pt sMJ

ouqptvÄĄoxsssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqspÄĄoxprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kptrpqw r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvovÄĄovsqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuovÄĄorpwqt

ǜžpqrsvps t pMJ

osortxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopuqqÄĄpptpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoqt(

I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ouroosJ+qqsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orttqw pr (

opoxsoJ+pxrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oopsruJ+suswqo

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrrtp q sMJ

I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<owtptsJ+wqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTqpuptx u rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrppuÄĄouqptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovquÄĄoptwov

Ç?Çłoqxqrqv r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosropoÄĄotqotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpwqtÄĄ

U\Lqpqxtx u qMJ

pptpqsÄĄopququÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppwsvÄĄoqsspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqrrqs qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqrrqs pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ouqxtuJ+qqspvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oopsqwJ+suswSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

otqtroJ+txstrtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ

O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opoxrrJ+pxrqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[\Oj[L<oopsqwJ+suswSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ouqxtuJ+qqspvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otqtroJ+txstrtS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxrrJ+pxrqoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqtroJ+txstrtSI[+L[H 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqxtuJ+qqspvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

ppqsqtJ+pssqtqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxrrJ+pxrqoS I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppqsqtJ+pssqtqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqxtuJ+qqspvtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxrrJ+ pxrqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otqtroJ+

txstrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ppqsqtJ+pssqtqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?27


TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxpstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

quÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpu9[bTL.W[QquOX[;ps S@Oqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ppqtoqJ+psssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losprtt ps 

\Oj[L<ossptpJ+twpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<owtqqtJ+wqqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vrqqrt pv pMJ

otroqoÄĄovpptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporstwÄĄopovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kptqoqv r rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrxruÄĄotqpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswsxÄĄ

ǜžpqstxpo t pMJ

oroprpÄĄosrusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovotrqÄĄowsossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louposw(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<otquowJ+txsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrptp ps (

ppqtoqJ+psssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<pososuJ+sqtrst

Â&#x201E;OT]oqsrqto q sMJ

M\S<\Oj[L<ourxprJ+qtsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTqpurwqp u rMJ

outvqsÄĄoxprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppropwÄĄoqrqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoqxrvtr r pMJ

orrxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsussÄĄoqrqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqpqpupu u qMJ

9[TS[\HpoqvstÄĄpptroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqrops qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqrops pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ossqouJ+twpstSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owtqpwJ+wqqrtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ossqouJ+twpstSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpv pxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ossqouJ+twpstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pooqowJ+ppqptoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ppqtpwJ+pssttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppqtpwJ+pssttSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pooqowJ+ppqptoS I[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

owtqpwJ+wqqrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

ppqtpwJ+pssttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ \Oj[L<ossqouJ+twpstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pooqowJ+ppqptoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouovoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosspoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxppopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?28


qvÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpv9[bTL.W[QqvOX[;pt S@Oqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pooqqrJ+ppqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotpwpt pt 

<ossqqqJ+twqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<osqqtsJ+tvpuqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@S[\H<oxroqpJ+soqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxotpoJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpvusx pw pMJ

I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<ossusoJ+twptqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Kptrp r rMJ

orrxsrÄĄotqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupqpwÄĄoutvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpquppr t pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopovowÄĄoptwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqptquÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqqvr qu rMJ

opquprÄĄoroprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrvqsÄĄoxoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupppo(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<oxotpoJ+xpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otoxov pt (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG;S\Oj[L<pooqqrJ+ppqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqtrorv q sMJ

xpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<ourxsrJ+qttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqpvpssr u sMJ

owoptxÄĄporsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovowÄĄoqswtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqxtqpx r pMJ

oxprtqÄĄpproorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsuprÄĄorpvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpqqqrw u qMJ

opootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovossuÄĄowsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tpqqvr pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<osqqsvJ+tvptstSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ossutsJ+twpuqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ourxruJ+qttroSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L

9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[\Oj[L<ossutsJ+twpuqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŌO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osqqsvJ+

tvptstSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pooqrxJ+ppqrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pooqrx J+ppqrvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxotoqJ+xpqqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourxruJ+qttroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pooqrxJ+ppqrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osqqsvJ+tvptstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxotoqJ+xpqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouorovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovswpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqoxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxovotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?29


qwÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpw9[bTL.W[QqwOX[;pu S@Oqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrppuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oxotpxJ+xqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louqrrr pu 

osqrotJ+tvpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<osrpqqJ+tvrxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

owsutvJ+rwpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owrurpJ+vtqqqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9worurr px pMJ

\WÄ­\Oj[L<orputoJ+tsrrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Kpsrxqw r rMJ

orrxtoÄĄotqpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvtxÄĄoxprtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpqvqqtq t qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxprtrÄĄpossroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqtouÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqqrtq qu rMJ

pptortÄĄopquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrxrqÄĄpoptorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupprq(

\Oj[L<owrurpJ+vtqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otswts pu (

I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxotpxJ+xqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;OT]oquqwqq q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<ossutpJ+twptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTqpvtpv u sMJ

otqwqxÄĄovpoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsrprÄĄppqtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpousu r qMJ

opstsrÄĄotrqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptvtvÄĄorrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lqpqqxs u qMJ

pqpuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpossroÄĄppqxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tpqqrtq pr pMJ

9[TS[\HoqsqqoÄĄosovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<osrprtJ+tvsoqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxotpqJ+xpsvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osrprt J+tvsoqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osrprtJ+tvsoqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxotpqJ+

xpsvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owruqrJ+vtqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[

JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

oxotpqJ+xpsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<owruqrJ+vtqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxoroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?30


qxÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;px\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpx9[bTL.W[QqxOX[;pv S@Oqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotroqoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<owruqoJ+vtpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovroor pv 

osrprpJ+tvrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<otpoorJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrqvJ+rvsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wprtosu qo pMJ

tptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxtxÄĄorptrwQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;

O^Kpspopr r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsqssÄĄporrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxprttÄĄ

ǜžpqwrsrv t qMJ

osrvqrÄĄouprosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptqpoÄĄopputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupptt(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<owrwqxJ+vtxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourqrw pw (

txpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owruqoJ+vtptt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqvqut r pMJ

<owrwqxJ+vtxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<oqppovJ+

QĂžTqpwqvrr u sMJ

\JLotqvrsÄĄovoxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrsuÄĄopoutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpoqppr r qMJ

oxtxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropspÄĄosrvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqpqrtrr u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqqosq qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqqosq pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otoxtuJ+txpwvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrupqJ+vtprtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^

9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< otoxtuJ+txpwvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otoxtuJ+txpwvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otoxtuJ+txpwvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <owrupqJ+vtprtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrwqpJ+vtxpoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

owrupqJ+vtprtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

\Oj[L<otoxtuJ+txpwvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L <owrwqpJ+vtxpoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqopqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppprqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?31


ro…OU[:ttQ[\S/bS/tw\ÊM^S[ŕrvsx9T½[ŕ„WgSrp…OU[:>[Ńqo\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tvoU9[ŕvot\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pw5\ÑTuswO[+T[bJUt…OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTqx…>Htvo…QcHqo9[bTL.W[QroOX[;pwS@Oqv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owrvtvJ+vtwpo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howrutu pw 

W\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<otoxroJ+txpvqt„Mj[I[+L[H

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

<owrvtvJ+vtwpo„Mj[I[+L[H;S„Wń[<owtottJ+rwrort„Mj[

„@[T[9wqusxps qp pMJ

opqxrrJ+toxqt„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;\JLotquspġ

O^Kprrtsv r rMJ

oqswtx„Mj[-X[ġosrpprġouprqv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsrsqġ

Ƕ¾pqxsupx t qMJ

posspqġppqxqo„Mj[-X[ġosoootġotroqo„Mj[(

S[ȉpppqpvrp qu rMJ

owqwto„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrwqqġpopspr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqpw(

VƊ]\Oj[L<oxppqtJ+xqst„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqppv px (

1ġS[V[i[\Oj[L<oupwrvJ+qpqt„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SG…H\HT\Oj[L

„OT]oqwqrsv r pMJ

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxppqtJ+xqst„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;ǶP\Oj[L<

QþTqpxrtx u sMJ

ovowtt„Mj[-X[ġowoooqġporrqr„Mj[-X[ġopoustġ

Ǐdzportso r qMJ

oxprtv„Mj[-X[ġorpstvġosooot„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

U\Lqpqsqu u qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowoooqġowtpox„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovsrsqġ

„9H^tpqpvrp pr pMJ

popsprġpptoos„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxoqsoġpoqvpv„Mj[(

O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

„:h/;H[S[\OM[H„Wń[<owtosvJ+rwroptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oupwtqJ+qpqsqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U

…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9 „W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrvtoJ+ vtvtqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ „Wń[<owtosvJ+

rwroptSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oupwtqJ+qpqsqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oupwtqJ+qpqsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupwtqJ+qpqsqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oxpppxJ+

xqrtoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrvtoJ+vtvtqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

oxpppxJ+xqrtoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L <owrvtoJ+vtvtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L< oupwtqJ+qpqsqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxpppxJ+xqrtoSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lottppw„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovruqp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxsotu„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptvrq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqprqr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losqtqo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lourwpr„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owttpw„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppoxqu„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovrs„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsuts„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospuou„Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\ď32


rp…OU[:ttQ[\SI[+>[tw\ÊM^S[ŕrvsx9T½[ŕ„WgSp„@D>[Ńqp\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tvoU9[ŕvot\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]px5\ÑTuswO[+T[bJUu…OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTro…>Htvo…QcHqp9[bTL.W[QrpOX[;pxS@Oqv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ \Oj[L<oxpotsJ+xqqsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxsqpr px 

oupwovJ+qpoto„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[\Oj[L<ovtustJ+upxrt„Mj[

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

S[\H<oxrwrvJ+sorqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;Ƕ¾\Oj[L<oppqov

„@[T[9xxrqrr qp sMJ

O[bS[S[\Howqwsvġposrsq„Mj[-X[ġpqprrxġopsrru

O^Kpqtutt r qMJ

ovowpq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Houprtpġoutwsx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾qotvtw t rMJ

-X[ġosrvtpġouprtp„Mj[(9[TS[\Houprtpġovrwpp„Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqsp(

WŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊ1ġS[V[i[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowpstp qo (

I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxpotsJ+xqqsvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ

„OT]oqxqpqv r pMJ

J+sxqvuo„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ-Q`HbR[;\JLoxspsxġopourw„Mj[

QþTqpxsoqw u sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoqqwrtġortwrq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupvooġ

Ǐdzpotow r qMJ

opqttoġoropto„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqtsvġovopsw„Mj[

U\Lqpqswsr u qMJ

-X[ġososoxġotqwqx„Mj[(

S[ȉpppqpsqp qu rMJ „9H^tpqpsqp pr pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oupwqoJ+qppqqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<ovturwJ+upxpvtSI[+L[HQ9S S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupwqoJ+

qppqqtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oupwqoJ+qppqqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LíÊH\Oj[L<ovturwJ+upxpvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\L XO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oupwqoJ+qppqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<oupwqoJ+qppqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxposuJ+xqqqvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxposuJ+xqqqvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<popsowJ+pqrqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oupwqoJ+qppqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxposuJ+xqqqvtS I[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovturwJ+upxpvtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<popsowJ+pqrqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotsvqq„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovrqqu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxrvoo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptrrv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqoxqv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losqpqs„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lourspw„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owtpqr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppotro„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporrw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsqtw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqpo„Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\ď33


pÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qo5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x2026;>HtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqq9[bTL.W[QpÂ&#x201E;@DqoS@Oqv \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttQ[\S uswspx I[+>[ J+rxtwsvt <qpqwSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvrsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<poproqJ+pqopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hposrpu qo 

OO\Oj[L<poproqJ+pqopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<potssvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLovovroÄĄoxspqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqqqx qq sMJ

posrrtÄĄpqtwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrpsoÄĄotqqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpqpsqs r qMJ

ortvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoprqtÄĄppsxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupros(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ovtttqJ+upvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxpqos qp (

srsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<oppupvJ+sxsorqt

Â&#x201E;OT]popxt r qMJ

pqptpsÄĄoqsxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupsptÄĄovssopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTqqoputv v pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosrpsoÄĄotqqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpqttÄĄ

Ç?Çłppsru r qMJ

ppsxrtÄĄopqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopptotÄĄoqrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqxrr t rMJ

U\Lqpqttqs u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqpppo qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqpppo pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovtuovJ+upvuoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<potssoJ+srssqqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 \Oj[L<pooopwJ+pprortSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtuovJ+upvuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;

\W+XS[\USH[ S[\H<potssoJ+srssqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovtuovJ+upvuoSI[+L[Hqsuvx ppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pooopwJ+pprortSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt

quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<ovtuovJ+upvuoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pooopwJ+pprortSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<popqtsJ+pptxtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

popqtsJ+pptxtvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtuovJ+upvuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<popqtsJ+pptxtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqotrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LospvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouroqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppoprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?34


qÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqr9[bTL.W[QqÂ&#x201E;@DqpS@Oqv \X@S]\Ă&#x160;bT[>L[Ć&#x2020;Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ppspouJ+ptsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprwoo qp 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ppspouJ+ptsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tortqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowsxrrÄĄporqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9posqox qr sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HortvosÄĄossptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxpoÄĄ

O^Kppqxpr r qMJ

oroqooÄĄosrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovooqrÄĄowrusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprqv(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<oxtxpqJ+ppqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoposv qq (

oorrrxJ+svtutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<oprvqrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pppusp r qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxprtpÄĄpqprosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqsoÄĄorpqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTqqotrqw v pMJ

orsorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsqsoÄĄoqqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpppxs r qMJ

9[TS[\HpoqusoÄĄpptosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqrqps t sMJ

U\Lqprqw u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqvtx qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqvtx pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxtxqvJ+ppqwqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^L

H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtxqvJ+ppqwqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[

KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <oxtxqvJ+ppqwqvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtxqvJ+ppqwqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ppspqoJ+ptsrpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

oxtxqvJ+ppqwqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<ppspqoJ+ptsrpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqttsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osospwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?35


r„@DttQ[\S„T/M[9M[tw\ÊM^S[ŕrvsx9T½[ŕ„WgSs„@D>[Ńqs\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tvoU9[ŕvot\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qq5\ÑTuswO[+T[bJUx…OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTq…OU[:tvo…QcHqs9[bTL.W[Qr„@DqqS@Oqv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtsvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ „O\LSMS<opqwtwJ+qopsqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqtso qq 

M_O­P[ÍMJ9SG;S„O\LSMS<opqwtwJ+qopsqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

oqposrJ+tqoto„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;\JLotqrprġ

„@[T[9popuqxpt qs rMJ

osrqox„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houptorġoutxsu„Mj[-X[ġpqpqsvġ

O^Kposqqs r qMJ

osrqoxġotqrru„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howqxpqġoxtwrw„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qsrqrq t sMJ

pqtvro„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutxsqġowrupo„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louprtp(

I[+L[HJUQ]LíÊUH\PV[\Oj[L<pqqqooJ+pvqutvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppowtp qr (

\Oj[L<oqqwssJ+tqsttqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;…OK`\H\Oj[L<

„OT]pqpspu r qMJ

ovtvrt„Mj[-X[ġoxsoroġpqpstq„Mj[-X[ġorsospġ

QþTqqproo v pMJ

oqqutu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoqsxpsġorsosp„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzpprrrr r qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopoupxġoptvsv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqpqsvġ

U\Lqprwtu u qMJ

opqtrvġoroqou„Mj[(9[TS[\Hovrwtsġoxoqss„Mj[(

S[ȉpppqssx qu rMJ „9H^tpqssx pr pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pqqqptJ+pvqvrtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqqqptJ+pvqvrtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^Ŧ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<pqqqpt J+pvqvrtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS

„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqqqptJ+pvqvrtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<opqxpqJ+ qopstvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqqqptJ+pvqvrtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ„O\LSMS<opqxpqJ+qopstvtSI[+L[H \JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotrtrt„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovqorw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxqtps„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppspto„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[optvso„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losoxru„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louqqrp„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owrxrs„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpotrsr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqtptq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrpox„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osooqr„Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\ď36


sÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qr5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqt9[bTL.W[QsÂ&#x201E;@DqrS@Oqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwqrJ+qtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opousx

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwqrJ+qtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+trrwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovtvooÄĄppqrox

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqwrqru qt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqroÄĄopspsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqroxÄĄ

O^Koqxttr r pMJ

ppswttÄĄopqtrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrtrxÄĄpopqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupspt(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtuqoJ+qrtstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qr O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqosts qs (

<osropvJ+tvtpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oqsxov

Â&#x201E;OT]prppsx r qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptvsuÄĄotqrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouptqwÄĄoxtwrv

QĂžTqqqurs v pMJ

pqpssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrptÄĄppqvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppswp r qMJ

9[TS[\HoqrvrrÄĄosoppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqtsrtu t sMJ

U\Lqprptsv u qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqprw qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqprw pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqturtJ+qrttroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqturtJ+qrttroSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqturtJ+

qrttroSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqturtJ+qrttroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqturtJ+qrttroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwrvJ+qtptrtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqturtJ+qrttroSI[+L[H 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwrvJ+qtptrtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrtrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?37


tÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqu9[bTL.W[QtÂ&#x201E;@DqsS@Oqv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]-MS[@Tž]h[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsosO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<otqxtwJ+roqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opsqso

9SGOO\Oj[L<osqxovJ+tvswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<orquovJ+ttprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppporrrx qu rMJ

oxpsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqptÄĄoqqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortstwÄĄ

O^Koqxwpw r pMJ

oxrxsoÄĄppqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrxsoÄĄporppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžquttpu u pMJ

osrxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrxotÄĄoupttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsrx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJQ[J[L<otrrpqJ+roqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

qs O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqtwro qt (

otqxtwJ+roqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqxooJ+qtorvt

Â&#x201E;OT]psxqo r rMJ

.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLorspopÄĄoupttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovooquÄĄ

QĂžTqqqsrw v pMJ

otqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqprsÄĄouprppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqqqx r qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxpsosÄĄoxtwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqpwÄĄ

U\Lqprqqsp u rMJ

ppsxtwÄĄopprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppptwqv qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpptwqv pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otrrotJ+roqwsvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<otqxtoJ+roqosoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrrotJ+

roqwsvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otrrotJ+roqwsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<

otqxtoJ+roqosoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqxtoJ+roqosoSI[+L[HM_\H9[

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<otqxtoJ+roqosoS I[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otrrotJ+roqwsvtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosopsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqssooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?38


uÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqv9[bTL.W[QuÂ&#x201E;@DqtS@Oqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovqrrvJ+rtvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpsrx

Â&#x201E;SOH]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqoxJ+rusrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owptouJ+vpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqqrttu qv qMJ

pqpsqrÄĄoqsxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupupwÄĄowqxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koqwqrpt r pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoupqqwÄĄovospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxpuÄĄporotw

ǜžqwurr u pMJ

owqxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrsrwÄĄpopprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louptor(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqost\Oj[LoxrxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

qt O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optooo qu (

<ouqvtoJ+qsvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovqrrvJ+rtvpo

Â&#x201E;OT]ptuto r rMJ

.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<ortssxJ+tuqvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTqqrpxst v pMJ

pqtuqvÄĄoroxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortspvÄĄotqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpqputv r qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtttqÄĄowsvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovstprÄĄ

U\Lqprqxrx u rMJ

popprtÄĄppswrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoroqÄĄpoquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppppttpv qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppttpv pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqopJ+rusrpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqvsrJ+qsvqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqopJ+rusrpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqopJ+ rusrpoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owoqopJ+rusrpoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovqrroJ+

rtutqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovqrroJ+rtutqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ouqvsrJ+qsvqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqrroJ+rtutqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqopJ+rusrpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovowtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpospttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?39


vÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqw9[bTL.W[QvÂ&#x201E;@DquS@Oqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<oxoosuJ+rxppuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsspo

9SG;S\Oj[L<owpsqoJ+vptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxoosu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

U9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<ortrsoJ+tuqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ossqtu p qMJ

oupusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovopouÄĄovstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvqqÄĄ

O^Koqvsotv r pMJ

otpxtwÄĄouppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrwtrÄĄpqpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqxpvsu u pMJ

ovopouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtquÄĄoroqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;pppptqu qu rMJ

oupusrÄĄovrxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortxpoÄĄotqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptqw(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]S[\H<poptpvJ+sqpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

qu O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsopr qv (

J+rxppuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxsposJ+potssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]puspw r rMJ

\Oj[L<osowqvJ+tvrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLorspqqÄĄ

QĂžTqqrtuqq v qMJ

opsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroxptÄĄotqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłpqrpqt r qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouppstÄĄovorrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupusrÄĄ

U\Lqprruso u rMJ

otpxtwÄĄoutvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrxrvÄĄoupusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tpptqu pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<poptoxJ+sqpvtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poptoxJ+ sqpvtvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

poptoxJ+sqpvtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ S[\H<oxoorxJ+rxppsqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owpsppJ+ vptrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxoorxJ+rxppsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<poptoxJ+sqpvtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxoxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouousvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqrtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqruovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqptquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orssrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?40


wÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qx\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqx9[bTL.W[QwÂ&#x201E;@DqvS@Oqv \X@S]W[\OĂ&#x160;]>H^­JU]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbObQS[@ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqprsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<popsoxJ+sqpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orpqqw

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxsopwJ+potqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tvppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<osoqrvJ+tutoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oputvtt q qMJ

oqsxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupvoxÄĄovstssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqttÄĄ

O^Koqvqpx r pMJ

osrrqtÄĄotqtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorowspÄĄortqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpoqwtt u qMJ

opqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppqqsÄĄoqrtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupttr(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<oootopJ+sutuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

qv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorroov qw (

popsoxJ+sqpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<osovrx

Â&#x201E;OT]pvpst r sMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLovoqttÄĄoxrwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsouÄĄ

QĂžTqqsrro v qMJ

pqttswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrrqtÄĄotqtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpqsttr r qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopottÄĄppswpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswpoÄĄ

U\Lqprsrss u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppswtt qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppswtt pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oootptJ+sutvqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<posorxJ+prqtrqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<posorx J+prqtrqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oootptJ+sutvqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oootptJ+

sutvqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oootptJ+ sutvqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<popsopJ+

sqpvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L <oxsopoJ+potqqvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<popsopJ+ sqpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxotrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouoqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpxtt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?41


xÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ro\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHro9[bTL.W[QxÂ&#x201E;@DqwS@Oqv \X@S].\@Â&#x201E;Qg\L Q^SO^S\Jj[\XL[\L NT[X[S]9[\T9[M^@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqostO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ S[\H<potxovJ+ssppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orsoss

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<posoopJ+prqrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tusxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<orrsroJ+ttsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqxqrst r pMJ

oxpsqtÄĄpqpppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxsqÄĄorowovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koquqwpq q sMJ

orspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprxsqÄĄoqqrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqppsoo u qMJ

9[TS[\HpoqupuÄĄppsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupupw(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<opqvqtJ+toqsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losqosu qx (

potxovJ+ssppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<osoqpr

Â&#x201E;OT]pvtxpo r sMJ

I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLowsupqÄĄporootÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTqqtxso v qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HortqqoÄĄosrurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxswÄĄ

Ç?Çłproqo r qMJ

oroqsvÄĄossoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLouttsxÄĄowrrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqprtotq u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppstst qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppstst pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<porxttJ+prqrsqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<opqvpwJ+toqsqtSI[+L[H O`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[

Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<porxtt J+prqrsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ S[\H<potwtxJ+

ssppqqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq stvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opqvpwJ+toqsqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpx

qpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<potwtxJ+ssppqqtSI[+L[H

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opqvpwJ+toqsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<potwtxJ+ssppqqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<porxttJ+prqrsqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<potwtxJ+ssppqqtS

I[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<opqvpwJ+toqsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ 

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxoprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpttx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otowosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?42


poÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHp/=[.W[QpoÂ&#x201E;@DqxS@Oqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxtwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ S[\H<ppprqwJ+sssxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ospopp

9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ppoxtqJ+pssoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trrqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpvspÄĄovtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqqst s pMJ

O[bS[S[\HoupwooÄĄovoqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpporÄĄoqqrqv

O^Koqttxpw q sMJ

otqttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowroqsÄĄoxtwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqpqtpq u qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLouttprÄĄowrqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtqrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupusr(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<oqpxptJ+tqrtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotprpq ro (

ppprqwJ+sssxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<oqsptuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pwturs r sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrvsvÄĄpqprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsptuÄĄosrrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqqtsuqp v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqsxttÄĄorsptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrrtwÄĄ

Ç?Çłprpssv r qMJ

opottrÄĄoptvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpporÄĄpqttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqprtwq u rMJ

oroqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsostÄĄoxorroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppppsqrs qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppsqrs pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oqpxovJ+tqrtqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqpxovJ+tqrtqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<oqpxovJ+tqrtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppprqpJ+ sssxpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppprqpJ+sssxpoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pppoouJ+psspqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<ppprqpJ+sssxpoSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqpxovJ+tqrtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oproowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotttooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqor

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqorrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otosoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?43


ppÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro5\Ă&#x2018;TuswO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHq/=[.W[QppÂ&#x201E;@DroS@Oqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<poturqJ+sswtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossqos

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ppowsvJ+psrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

toqprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLovtrptÄĄppqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqsturq t pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpotoÄĄoprwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqprxÄĄpqprst

O^Koqtrux q sMJ

opqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrqqoÄĄpopoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvox(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oqsosxJ+trrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louowpr p (

poturqJ+sswtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<opqstqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pxtrtv r sMJ

-X[ÄĄoptvtvÄĄotquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupwquÄĄoxtwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqquqrs v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposqssÄĄppqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvsqÄĄ

Ç?Çłprqxpr r rMJ

oqrsooÄĄorturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpsptx u rMJ U\Lqpstpt u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppprxqr qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpprxqr pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<potusvJ+ssxrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqspotJ+trrqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ S[\H<potusvJ+ssxrtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqspotJ+trrqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L S[\H<potusvJ+ssxrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<oqspotJ+trrqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LTX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<potusvJ+ssxrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<potusvJ+ssxrtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppowsoJ+psrxpvtSI[+L[H XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<potusvJ+

ssxrtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqspotJ+trrqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowov

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?44


pqÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;rO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHr/=[.W[QpqÂ&#x201E;@DpU[ O[Lqv\X@S] SĹŚ[H`H]j[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<popoovJ+sqpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otpvsu

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<porvouJ+prqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<popoovJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;U_TS[\H<ppssqvJ+suporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qwtuo u pMJ

pqporwÄĄoqqqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortoqxÄĄotpwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqtpxpo q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrvovÄĄpoqxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpsstÄĄ

ǜžqptpqtr u rMJ

ossporÄĄoupwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppswrxÄĄopppouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvrs(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<oqrrtxJ+trputÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

p O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovoupq q (

sqpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxrurxJ+potqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]ppotppw s pMJ

orsqqpÄĄoupwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoqtpÄĄoxpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTqqutxsv v rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpuptÄĄouowqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvovÄĄppqpqw

Ç?Çłprsrrx r rMJ

oxtwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLororprÄĄossporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqpspqrq u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppprupr qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpprupr pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oqrrtqJ+trptsvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqrrtqJ+trptsvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L

Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L S[\H<ppsspxJ+supopoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqrrtqJ+trptsvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oqrrtq J+trptsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<popoqqJ+sqptpvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<porvooJ+ prqptqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<

popoqqJ+sqptpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<oqrrtqJ+trptsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoustpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppouquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotsvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owospq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?45


prÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;sO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHs/=[.W[QprÂ&#x201E;@DqU[ O[Lqv\X@S]1Q[ >H^I­]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvorJ+rxprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ottwsr

O\G@\Oj[L<oxrvoqJ+potrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvorJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;S[\H<oxsqqtJ+spvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqprppo v pMJ

pqtsqoÄĄorouopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxtsÄĄotpvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koqtwru q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtqpwÄĄowssrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsvouÄĄ

ǜžqpuqrsq u rMJ

pooxqwÄĄppsvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxortsÄĄpoqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwoo(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<oqootsJ+tptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG

q O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howourw r (

rxprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owppqpJ+vqppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]pppswrv s pMJ

pqprrrÄĄoqtopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupxpxÄĄowrotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTqqvrurq v rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouovswÄĄovooorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruswÄĄpoqxor

Ç?Çłprtws r rMJ

owrotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrpqxÄĄpooxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqpspxtp u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppprrq qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpprrq pr pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtutvJ+rxprroSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqoosuJ+tptsstSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtutvJ+rxprroSI[+L[HO`V 99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oqoosuJ+tptsstSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[

1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtutvJ+rxprroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqoosuJ+tptsstSI[+L[HP[HH^bT

Â&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqoosuJ+tptsstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtutv

J+rxprroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxrutsJ+potrqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtutvJ+rxprroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqoosuJ+tptsstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotsrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoopu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?46


psÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;tO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] rÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHt/=[.W[QpsÂ&#x201E;@DrU[ O[Lqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotputvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovqorvJ+rtpsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousuov s 

OO\Oj[L<owppssJ+vqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovqorvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Q[J[L<ovqqosJ+rtpvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rtppps w pMJ

-X[ÄĄppquqvÄĄoprvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorotrpÄĄotputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koqtsrv q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouovpqÄĄoutxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupxsuÄĄ

ǜžqpvrsqv u sMJ

otpstqÄĄoutqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossprxÄĄoupxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwqu(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<opotqxJ+sxrwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxovts s (

rtpsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqsqwJ+qttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ppqsttt s pMJ

\JLorsqsvÄĄoupxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovorrsÄĄovsvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqqwprpw v rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpstqÄĄouovpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruroÄĄpqprqx

Ç?Çłpspqqw r rMJ

ovorrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtqtÄĄororrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqpsqvpq u rMJ

oupxsuÄĄovspttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsswÄĄotputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppppqxtq qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppqxtq pr pMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ovsoqsJ+ urto

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<opotqrJ+sxrvtvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opotqrJ+

sxrvtvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovqoqxJ+rtpsqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L< owpptxJ+vqqsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovqoqxJ+rtpsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<opotqrJ+ sxrvtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtuqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqowrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?47


ptÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[QptÂ&#x201E;@DsU[ O[Lqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<otqsstJ+roquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousuov s 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqtptJ+qtvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otqsst

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?OQ[J[L<ossttqJ+qwsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpxsso x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqopqÄĄovsvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqrvÄĄpqtrto

O^Koqtvpt q sMJ

ÄĄotqvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorotoqÄĄorswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqpwstw u sMJ

9[TS[\HoppopsÄĄoqrqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwtr(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[S[\H<pptqouJ+sursstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxovts s (

J+roquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osqosoJ+tvsvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pprsrpq s qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutxooÄĄoxrupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqsÄĄoqtoru

QĂžTqqwtot v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrtqsÄĄotqvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrtqs

Ç?Çłpsqutq r rMJ

poowtvÄĄppsvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvpqÄĄopqtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpsrsrv u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppqusp qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppqusp pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<pptqooJ+sursroSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<osqorrJ+tvsvroSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;

H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<osqorrJ+tvsvroS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu

wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pptqooJ+sursroSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otqtooJ+roquuoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<

pptqooJ+sursroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

otqtooJ+roquuoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqtooJ+roquuoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouqtov J+qtvpvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L< otqtooJ+roquuoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtqqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opssooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orprpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osssqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?48


puÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;vO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHv/=[.W[QpuÂ&#x201E;@DtU[ O[Lqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptrrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpsowJ+qtpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovsoqt t 

9SG;S\Oj[L<osqpqxJ+tvsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optvouJ+qpswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9srxpo po pMJ

ÄĄpqoxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvptÄĄorosrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Koqtpuqv q sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprvptÄĄoqqotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorortrÄĄ

ǜžqpxttst u sMJ

poqupsÄĄppswouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxpx(

I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[S[\H<poqtotJ+sqtwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoovqx t (

orpsowJ+qtpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqospxJ+tqwqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppssoqw s qMJ

I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLowsrqvÄĄpoqwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxptpv

QĂžTqqxqutr v rMJ

orswpsÄĄosrptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtosuÄĄorsrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpsspps r rMJ

ossqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutptvÄĄowroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqpssqs u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppqrro qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppqrro pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<poqtpxJ+sqtxqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H S[\H<poqtpxJ+sqtxqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poqtpxJ+sqtxqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpsqrJ+qtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpsqrJ+qtqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS <optvqoJ+qpsxqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpsqrJ+qtqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H< poqtpxJ+sqtxqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovswqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpooqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqoostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?49


pvÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;wO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHw/=[.W[QpvÂ&#x201E;@DuU[ O[Lqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpstqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<pqtrovJ+pxpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowsosu u 

9SGOO\Oj[L<pqtrovJ+pxpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<pprxso

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<ovtutpJ+utpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spvqptv pp qMJ

-X[ÄĄorsrqwÄĄosruopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqpouÄĄovosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqtrqu q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosruopÄĄotqwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrptpÄĄoxtxop

ǜžqqpupw v pMJ

pqtrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutpqvÄĄowqxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxsu(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxqsJ+rxppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppoqtq u (

J+suutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<ppooosJ+psqvto

Â&#x201E;OT]pptrvsq s qMJ

\JLotpqtuÄĄovtorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtrxÄĄpqprpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrorsr v sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqoxsvÄĄoqqorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtottÄĄorsrqw

Ç?Çłpsttru r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopottoÄĄoptwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxsvÄĄ

U\Lqpssxrr u rMJ

opqtrqÄĄorosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsqsxÄĄoxosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppppqoqo qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppqoqo pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxpvJ+rxotqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovtussJ+utpqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ovtussJ+utpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxpvJ+rxotqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxpvJ+rxotqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxpvJ+rxotqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pqtrqpJ+pxppqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqtqrJ+prqsoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<potxtvJ+psqvrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqtrqpJ+pxppqtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxpvJ+rxotqtS

I[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

poqtqrJ+prqsoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovssrq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opruovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orotqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osruruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?50


pwÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;xO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHx/=[.W[QpwÂ&#x201E;@DvU[ O[Lqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpspqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<poqusqJ+prttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxsstv v 

Q[J[L<ovoxsvJ+rstrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovtvsoJ+utstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tprxsv pq qMJ

txpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLovtopoÄĄppqorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqttsp q sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqoxrwÄĄoprurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqorwÄĄpqprpt

ǜžqqqpusu v pMJ

opqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqxrvÄĄpoowpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqopq(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ovtvsoJ+utstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptqrx v (

poqusqJ+prttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<oxpptoJ+rxtwsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppurstu s qMJ

\Oj[L<ovtvsoJ+utrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ostrqoJ+

QĂžTrosorr v sMJ

-X[ÄĄoptwqwÄĄotqwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqprrÄĄoxtxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłptxtu r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposqrvÄĄppquovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsutuÄĄ

U\Lqpstvt u rMJ

oqrpoqÄĄortqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppppvx qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpppvx pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovoxsoJ+rstrqqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ovoxsoJ+rstrqqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poquruJ+prtsqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ovoxsoJ+rstrqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovtvrqJ+utsrqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovoxsoJ+rstrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<poquruJ+prtsqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtvrqJ+utsrqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ( \Oj[L<ovtvtsJ+utrtvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<poquruJ+prtsqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovoxsoJ+rstrqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<

ovtvrqJ+utsrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orporvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovsoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oropqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?51


pxÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;poO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/=[.W[QpxÂ&#x201E;@DwU[ O[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprrrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovtwroJ+ututvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotoqo w 

Q[J[L<otrorrJ+rosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<ovtwro

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otrrquJ+ottsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpttxpo pr qMJ

tpsqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLorsrtvÄĄouqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koquqptw q sMJ

-X[ÄĄorsuspÄĄotprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotppsrÄĄouosqs

ǜžqqrqvpo v qMJ

poqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxptstÄĄoxtxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppppprtw qu rMJ

9[TS[\HppsvsvÄĄopoxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqorx(

59[JU]\Oj[L<otrrquJ+ottsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqrutp w (

J+ututvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<oustotJ+rrtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ppvrqw s rMJ

ostspqJ+txpupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<optqoqJ+

QĂžTrppvqt v sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovotqvÄĄoxptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxroÄĄoqpxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłptqspu r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtoxÄĄppqorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrtoxÄĄ

U\Lqptsso u rMJ

orosquÄĄossrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossrprÄĄouqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^tppprtw pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<otrosvJ+rosvsoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<otrrpwJ+ottqqtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrrpwJ+

ottqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpx qpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrosvJ+rosvsoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ovtwsuJ+utvrvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otrosv J+rosvsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otrrpwJ+ottqqtSI[+L[H<S

W[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otrrpwJ+ottqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtwsuJ+utvrvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrrpwJ+ottqqtS

I[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovtwsuJ+utvrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otrosvJ+ rosvsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

otrrpwJ+ottqqtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orouspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppswtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?52


qoÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] xÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[QqoÂ&#x201E;@DxU[ O[Lqv\X@S]M[Ä&#x161;O[ \L@­T[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otrspvJ+otvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpptstx x 

otppox\Oj[LoxrsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

otvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<osqsqvJ+qwrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uopurs ps rMJ

potutpJ+ssqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprppÄĄ

O^Koquttss r pMJ

oroqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsupqÄĄotpqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžqqsrvqx v qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsxqsÄĄowsqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsxppÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppposw qu rMJ

poovtrÄĄppsuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxototÄĄpoquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpou(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<orpvowJ+ttpuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oppurp x (

ortvotJ+qutstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otrspvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwqxpw s rMJ

\Oj[L<orpvowJ+ttpuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LS[\H<

QĂžTrptspw v sMJ

oqtpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqqwÄĄowrqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqssÄĄ

Ç?Çłptrwrs r rMJ

ouortsÄĄouturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsttÄĄpoqvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqptpqpu u rMJ

owrqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwtwÄĄpoovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tppposw pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvqoJ+quttqvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L 9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvqoJ+quttqvt

SI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

ortvqoJ+quttqvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SG O[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orpvopJ+ttputS

I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[ J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

otrspoJ+otvrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrspoJ+otvrqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orpvopJ+ttputSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrspoJ+otvrqtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orpvopJ+ttputS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouprswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LportooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqtotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovrqst

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppstopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?53


qpÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;prO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] poÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/=[.W[QqpÂ&#x201E;@DpoU[ O[Lqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqpxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<opprqwJ+towrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqtwpr po 

I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqprtuJ+qqrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

owppqtJ+rvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLorssqvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upsqwrq pt rMJ

oprttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroqquÄĄotpqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Koqvrtp r pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouorqtÄĄoutupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqqttÄĄ

ǜžqqtsvss v qMJ

otportÄĄousxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrtrÄĄouqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqprr(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsouJ+qrqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optrpp po (

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<opprqwJ+towrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;OT]ppxquqw s rMJ

ouqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovouprÄĄovsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqttwÄĄ

QĂžTrqrppp v sMJ

otportÄĄouorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrssqÄĄpqprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpttqtp r rMJ

ovouprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtswÄĄorostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqptpxtt u rMJ

ouqqttÄĄovssotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortpowÄĄotpqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppppvrv qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppvrv pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsqoJ+qrqxqqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsqoJ+qrqxqqt SI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsqoJ+qrqxqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opprqpJ+

towptSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqprtoJ+qqrwvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsqoJ+qrqxqqt SI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opprqpJ+towptSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppspotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?54


qqÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;psO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHps/=[.W[QqqÂ&#x201E;@DppU[ O[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppsrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<ppqvotJ+stsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqooqr pp 

9SG;S\Oj[L<pqpwprJ+pvtoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<ppqvot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLoutttoÄĄoxrsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqwrptr pu rMJ

posqsrÄĄpqtqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrvruÄĄotroqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koqwpxrs r pMJ

orstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovrrÄĄppsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqoo(

M_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opquptJ+qosoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqwro pp (

J+stsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\UOQ[J[L<otrxpxJ+rpprpo

Â&#x201E;OT]pqoqrrv s sMJ

pqproxÄĄoqtpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqrqqÄĄovsxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrrwu v sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosrvruÄĄotroqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroqorÄĄ

Ç?Çłpuvv r rMJ

ppsusrÄĄopqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopowrtÄĄoqqxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqutvtt v rMJ U\Lqptqvrv u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppsqu qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppsqu pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqpwotJ+pvtotSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opquowJ+qosopqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<pqpwotJ+pvtotSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[ O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< opquowJ+qosopqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opquowJ+qosopqtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppqutwJ+

stsqpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opquowJ+qosopqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H< ppqutwJ+stsqpvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<pqpwotJ+pvtotSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opquowJ+qosopqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<ppqutwJ+stsqpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouotttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowporpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?55


qrÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ptO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/=[.W[QqrÂ&#x201E;@DpqU[ O[Lqv \X@S]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SĆ&#x;[LR[Ă&#x160;[-Ç&#x192;^O[>]X\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppoxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ S[\H<poopruJ+sqpopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loroqqv pq 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<posprrJ+prtoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<poopru

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqrswJ+qtrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpqqrtp pv rMJ

pqoxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprtqqÄĄoropspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Koqxxs r pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprtqqÄĄoqpwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorotptÄĄ

ǜžqqwwo v rMJ

poqursÄĄppsvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqqw(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<pqrvqxJ+pwrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orosox pq (

J+sqpopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxqwowJ+posvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pqpqost s sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowspqpÄĄpoqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpuqvÄĄ

QĂžTrrstr w pMJ

orsstoÄĄosqvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtqopÄĄorsstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpuqpqq r rMJ

osssrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLouswsxÄĄowqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqptrtqo u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppppt qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppppt pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqrvqpJ+pwrxrqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<pooptpJ+sqposvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqrvqpJ+pwrxrqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopppr

ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqrvqpJ+pwrxrqtSI[+L[H <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pooptpJ+sqposvtSI[+L[HTX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<pooptpJ+

sqposvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pospswJ+prtosoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqrvqpJ+pwrxrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

S[\H<pooptpJ+sqposvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouoqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqrxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovqotu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osproqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?56


qsÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;puO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/=[.W[QqsÂ&#x201E;@DprU[ O[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotportO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ S[\H<oxopsrJ+rxspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losotqv pr 

O[TO\Oj[L<oxqwsqJ+posxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxopsrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqvssJ+qosustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vquqpt pw rMJ

-X[ÄĄorstpsÄĄosrwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqspwÄĄovovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kporpt r qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrwptÄĄotrppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrrrrÄĄoxtxsr

ǜžqqxpwp v rMJ

pqtqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLouswquÄĄowqvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqtt(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<pqpqowJ+pvrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orspsv pr (

rxspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owsqptJ+wtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]pqqpvtp s sMJ

\JLotoxoqÄĄovswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsovÄĄpqprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrsqpuo w pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqowtxÄĄoqpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtqprÄĄorstps

Ç?Çłpurtrs r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouppÄĄoptxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowtxÄĄ

U\Lqptsrt u rMJ

opquosÄĄorotqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovstotÄĄoxottqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppotwt qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpotwt pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqpqqqJ+pvrwqoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxqwrtJ+poswtqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[

\Oj[L<pqpqqqJ+pvrwqoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqpqqqJ+pvrwqoSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspu

pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxoprsJ+rxspqo

SI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxoprsJ+rxspqoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxqwrtJ+poswtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pqpqqqJ+pvrwqoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[; M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<oxoprsJ+

rxspqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowoqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?57


qtÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pvO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:ttP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/=[.W[QqtÂ&#x201E;@DpsU[ O[Lqv \X@S]-Ç&#x192;^O[>]T\QT

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxtsJ+rwqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotpoox ps 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owsqowJ+wtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<pptsoqJ+putrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wxqtru px rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqsstÄĄoxtxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowttÄĄoprstv

O^Kppptp r qMJ

ppqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsurxÄĄopquppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrqq(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<pqpspoJ+pvssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqroo ps (

owqxtsJ+rwqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owqtrtJ+wprst

Â&#x201E;OT]pqrpstv s sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvsvÄĄppqoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptxqpÄĄotrpso

QĂžTrstwtw w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoovÄĄpqprppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposqtqÄĄ

Ç?Çłpusxsu r sMJ

owqvruÄĄpoovovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqwsrÄĄorsxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžroqvtw v sMJ

U\Lqpttotr u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppotsts qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpotsts pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pqpsorJ+pvsrstSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owsqqqJ+wtsrqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pqpsorJ+pvsrstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqpsorJ+pvsrstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrooxJ+

rwqsSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owrooxJ+rwqsSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrooxJ+rwqsSI[+L[HMbC[T

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L< owsqqqJ+wtsrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrooxJ+rwqsSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovprosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oposrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osotpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?58


quÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pwO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/=[.W[QquÂ&#x201E;@DptU[ O[Lqv \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbOOS[H Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxrqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwsrJ+rwqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupuqs pt 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owqtqwJ+wprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<possosJ+prtxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqqrrps qo rMJ

oxpvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowtpÄĄoqpvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrrvÄĄ

O^Kpqsrt r qMJ

oxrrswÄĄppqootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrswÄĄpoqutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrprvsx v sMJ

osstrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosstrsÄĄouqtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrto(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<pqstqrJ+pxrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otoxox pt (

owqwsrJ+rwqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owrxtqJ+wtorqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqspqq t pMJ

Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLorstsvÄĄouqtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovowpoÄĄ

QĂžTrtrttw w pMJ

otoxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotowotÄĄouoppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpvrtt r sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxpvoqÄĄoxtxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorottuÄĄ

U\Lqpttwsq u rMJ

ppsvqqÄĄopovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppotpsr qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpotpsr pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<pqstpuJ+pxqtvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwrtJ+rwqpptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqtqpJ+ wprpoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwrtJ+

rwqpptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqstpuJ+pxqtvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqstpuJ+pxqtvtS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pqstpuJ+pxqtvtS I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwrtJ+rwqpptSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqtqpJ+

wprpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<pqstpuJ+pxqtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwrtJ+rwqpptSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovoxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osopprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?59


qv„@DttQ[\S/bS/tw\ÊM^S[ŕrvsx9T½[ŕ„WgSqw„@D>[ŃpxO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[ŕvot\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pu„QuswO[+T[bJUq„@DttP[SH]j\W\PTqu…OU[:tvo…QcHpx/=[.W[Qqv„@DpuU[ O[Lqv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxoqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ „Wń[<owtwrpJ+rxrvpo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovqqsv pu 

ØOG[9SGOO\Oj[L<owrxqvJ+wsxro„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„Wń[<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;ÓƬ\Oj[L<oxtwrxJ+pqvro„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń

„@[T[9xtqtpu qp rMJ

owrsqp„Mj[-X[ġpqtpspġorooqp„Mj[-X[ġorsrptġ

O^Kprpppp r qMJ

oxrrrxġpoqutp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvptġowsoqv„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rqsvrt v sMJ

poouts„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooutsġppsuso„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqspw(

MčQ]LíÊ1ġS[V[i[„O\LSMS<opsvpsJ+qprwtvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louoosw pv (

owtwrpJ+rxrvpo„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<oxqsswJ+posrtvt

„OT]pqtxu t pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprpuġoqtqtq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqtsoġ

QþTrupqtw w pMJ

otoxoq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLouootpġoutsor„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzpvpwr r sMJ

9^\T9S[\Hovtpqvġowrsqp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvoxġ

U\Lqpuurr u rMJ

oxourpġpoqutu„Mj[(

S[ȉppposwrr qu rMJ „9H^tposwrr pr pMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „:h/;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<opsvowJ+qprwsqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrxqoJ+wsxpqtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<

opsvowJ+qprwsqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S „O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<opsvowJ+qprwsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ

\ƻM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<opsvowJ+qprwsqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[<owtwqrJ+

rxrutoSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrxqoJ+wsxpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<opsvowJ+qprwsqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owtwqrJ+rxrutoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotsupu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovtotp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoovqv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqrpw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqrtpt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Losswox„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovotpr„Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxpxqo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpppvro„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqtusx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqquop„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvpw„Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\ď60


qwÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qoO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/=[.W[QqwÂ&#x201E;@DpvU[ O[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ S[\H<oxtvtpJ+squrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqusq pv 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxqsqrJ+posqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<oxtvtpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLorsuqpÄĄouquowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpwqsp qq rMJ

orooosÄĄotowrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotovprÄĄouooqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpsqpqu r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouquowÄĄovowtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqurrÄĄ

ǜžrrtvpu w pMJ

ÄĄouquowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouquowÄĄovsuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsst(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwrvJ+qtqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loutvqo pw (

squrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<oxrvqpJ+ppptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pquux t pMJ

ovowtwÄĄovtpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqttuÄĄoprsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrusxuo w qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrrqÄĄpqprpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouooqxÄĄoutrst

Ç?Çłpvrqpo r sMJ

orouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotovprÄĄousvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossupu

U\Lqpupsqu u rMJ

orswptÄĄotowrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppostqq qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpostqq pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwroJ+qtqwpqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxrxooJ+ppqoqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxqspuJ+ posqrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrxooJ+

ppqoqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpo pqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwroJ+qtqwpqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqs

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtvss J+squpvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxqspuJ+posqrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orpwroJ+qtqwpqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxtvssJ+squpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoorrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovoppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HoxptqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?61


qxÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qpO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/=[.W[QqxÂ&#x201E;@DpwU[ O[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<ppqroxJ+stsotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqtqs pw 

roqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG;S\Oj[L<porvosJ+prstrvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<oxrwooJ+pppvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pooqvpq qr rMJ

ouquruÄĄovtqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrppÄĄpqtpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kptrts r rMJ

otrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtxsvÄĄorsqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžrtutq w pMJ

9[TS[\HopovrqÄĄoqqvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtpr(

(.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L<otpupvJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtusr px (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<ppqroxJ+stsotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;OT]pqvrpp t qMJ

outrqwÄĄoxrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqqÄĄoqtrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTrvqvq w qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrxtvÄĄotrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrxtvÄĄ

Ç?Çłpvsups r sMJ

pooussÄĄppsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsusrÄĄopquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpuqqqo u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppposqpp qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tposqpp pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otpurqJ+roqspvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^L

H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrwpuJ+pppwrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[

KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L <otpurqJ+roqspvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otpurqJ+roqspvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppqrqqJ+stspqqtSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppqrqqJ+stspqqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxrwpuJ+pppwrvtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<otpurqJ+

roqspvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJS[\H<ppqrqqJ+stspqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Loutvqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppoxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqswtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?62


roÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qqO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/=[.W[QroÂ&#x201E;@DpxU[ O[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<opowtwJ+tovpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopvov px 

M_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqprrpJ+pvsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pqurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxtuÄĄpoquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popqspps qs qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsqpsÄĄosqstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Kputptq r sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoroutsÄĄossutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousurpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtso(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Q[J[L<ovrtruJ+rupqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowtuqs qo (

opowtwJ+tovpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oxtvosJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqwopq t qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxpvtrÄĄpqowsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprsovÄĄoqtxrq

QĂžTrwsu w qMJ

oqtrrrÄĄorsutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprsovÄĄoqpusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpwopu r sMJ

owquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqvpvÄĄppsvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrupuqr w pMJ

U\Lqpuropu u rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppporxp qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tporxp pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ovrtqwJ+rupqrqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtvpwJ+pqvvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovrtqw J+rupqrqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovrtqwJ+rupqrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovrtqwJ+rupqrqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<opowtoJ+toutqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opowtoJ+toutqtSI[+L[H

L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtvpwJ+pqvvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrtqwJ+rupqrqt

SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opowtoJ+toutqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoutrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxovrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppotspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?63


rpÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qrO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/=[.W[QrpÂ&#x201E;@DqoU[ O[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<orouspJ+ttqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppopsr qo 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoupqJ+qqropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

poqxqwJ+prqwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotouotÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqssvso qt qMJ

ossorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqvrpÄĄovpopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowsqÄĄ

O^Kpwpprw r sMJ

ossorxÄĄotrsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrtqvÄĄpooostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrvqtsx w qMJ

pqtpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousupuÄĄowququÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louquow(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJS[\H<poovtrJ+sqrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxtsqp qp (

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<orouspJ+ttqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]pqwtvpr t qMJ

ovsuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpsÄĄpqprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvpsÄĄ

QĂžTrwsppp w qMJ

oqpurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtrswÄĄorsvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpwpspv r sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopoutuÄĄoqooqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowsqÄĄ

U\Lqpurwps u rMJ

opqutxÄĄorovoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsvqxÄĄoxovquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppportto qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tportto pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[S[\H<poowouJ+sqrtqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[

L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqxsqJ+prqxqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ S[\H<poowouJ+sqrtqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poowouJ+sqrtqtS I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poowouJ+

sqrtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<poowouJ+sqrtqtSI[+L[H M[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oroursJ+ ttqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poqxsqJ+prqxqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<poowouJ+sqrtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oroursJ+ttqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lousxqx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxorrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppopstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqspotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?64


rqÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qsO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:tvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/=[.W[QrqÂ&#x201E;@DqpU[ O[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotousxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otoutuJ+orstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppsoox qp 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osouqwJ+qvrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ptvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLovsuppÄĄppqoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppusxto qu qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqowspÄĄoprrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoovÄĄpqprru

O^Kpxrsx r sMJ

opqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqupwÄĄpoourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louquru(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oosstqJ+sxwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lposxrv qq (

otoutuJ+orstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<ppowssJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqxtspr t qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqoorsÄĄotrsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqvtwÄĄpooottÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrxpwpu w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrrpÄĄppquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsutpÄĄ

Ç?Çłpwqwpt r sMJ

oqqvovÄĄorsutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrwrtx w qMJ

U\Lqpusupr u sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppporqrx qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tporqrx pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oossssJ+sxwptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppowrvJ+ptvpoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oossssJ+sxwptS

I[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L

<oossssJ+sxwptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< otouswJ+orqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppowrvJ+ptvpoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< oossssJ+sxwptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< otouswJ+orqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqorsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoustrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqouqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?65


p.V[ittQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qtO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/=[.W[Qp.X[SqqU[ O[Lqv\X@S]

W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rqÂ&#x201E;@DttQ[\S uswtqp /LW[/LW[ J+uoqvt <vrpSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ototrqJ+ooptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqprtr qq 

orpuqvJ+ttqwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG;S\Oj[L<ototrqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovoooqJ+ssvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppwtpps qv pMJ

ouqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpotvÄĄoxpwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowsqÄĄ

O^Kppotxpt s pMJ

ototquÄĄottwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrouÄĄppqooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrxssqs w qMJ

poopouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorovsoÄĄossworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvor(

\Oj[L<ovoooqJ+ssvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppsqpu qr (

ooptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouosprJ+rqqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]qotppq t rMJ

ppsvrxJ+pustrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLorsvsxÄĄ

QĂžTrxttqr w qMJ

oqpupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspqqÄĄotouqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłpwsqpp r sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrouÄĄpoqurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpwrsÄĄ

U\Lqputsps u sMJ

ossworÄĄouqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvquÄĄopovppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppoqxqx qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpoqxqx pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orpuspJ+ttqwtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppsvrrJ+pustpvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<orpuspJ+ttqwtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orpuspJ+ ttqwtqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

orpuspJ+ttqwtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<outxtrJ+ssutqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppsvrrJ+pustpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<orpuspJ+ttqwtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L

<outxtrJ+ssutqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LousprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?66


q.V[ittQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qtO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/=[.W[Qq.X[SqrU[ O[Lqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<outxopJ+ssssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqssqt qr 

<otrsoqJ+ppqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<outxopJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owrvpvJ+wtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oottqs p pMJ

oqtsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqwtrÄĄowrupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtppqÄĄ

O^Kppqqust s pMJ

ottwsrÄĄoutqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrorÄĄpoqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpotrrr w rMJ

owrupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquosÄĄpoourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvrp(

59[JU]\Oj[L<owrvpvJ+wtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqrroo qs (

ssssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovtoqwJ+rutrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]qpswpp t rMJ

pqpxqsJ+pwtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprswÄĄ

QĂžTrporqrp w rMJ

oqtwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspovÄĄotouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłpwtut r sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsttrÄĄowrxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtrtoÄĄ

U\Lqpvqpt u sMJ

poourqÄĄppsvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxowppÄĄpoqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppoqupw qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpoqupw pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<otrrttJ+ppqsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrrtt J+ppqsoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

otrrttJ+ppqsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owrvpoJ+wtosvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outwtqJ+sssqoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrvpoJ+wtosvtS I[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<outwtqJ+sssqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otrrttJ+ppqsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owrvpoJ+wtosvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppttsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?67


r.V[ittQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;quO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qsÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/=[.W[Qr.X[SqsU[ O[Lqv\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]bR[\;L]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<owrupwJ+wswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opprov

PSG]\Oj[L<ovqxsqJ+uqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<pqrvroJ+pwtprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oprtst p sMJ

ovppstÄĄovtsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqupxÄĄoprrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpprtuqw s qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrropÄĄpqprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwqxÄĄoutqov

ǜžrpqqru w rMJ

orowpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotostpÄĄoustqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosswsu

S[Č&#x2030;pppoqrv qu rMJ

ÄĄototstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvtw(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<otrroqJ+ppoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qs O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqqto qt (

owrupwJ+wswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxputvJ+soropt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqstx t rMJ

I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLorswquÄĄouqxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTrppxso w rMJ

oqtwqwÄĄototstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotostpÄĄottwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpxxtu r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqxpxÄĄovppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvrxÄĄ

U\Lqpvpopx u sMJ

ÄĄouqxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqxpxÄĄovswtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsupq

Â&#x201E;9H^tpoqrv pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<otrqttJ+ppopoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ovqxrrJ+uqqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrqttJ+ppopoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ovqxrrJ+uqqqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrqttJ+ppopoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

owrupoJ+wswpvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqxrrJ+uqqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<oxtpoqJ+

pptutSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrupoJ+wswpvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<oxtpoqJ+pptutSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrqttJ+ppopoS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owrupoJ+

wswpvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtpoqJ+pptutS I[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovpxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxruooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqorsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?68


s.V[ittQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qvO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qtÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/=[.W[Qs.X[SqtU[ O[Lqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxtorrJ+pptstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opsppu

PSG]\Oj[L<ovqwsrJ+uopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<owtwqpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pptstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<popvrrJ+srqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqtqtqs q sMJ

outptvÄĄoxrqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsopÄĄoqttorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kpptqwpv s qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossqqtÄĄotruouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossqqtÄĄ

ǜžrprpprs w rMJ

poourqÄĄppsvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvppÄĄopqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwqt(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotosru\Oj[LoxrqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

qt O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqtt qu (

xsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxtorrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qrsqv t sMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<pqrvpsJ+pwtprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrppsuto w rMJ

ouqxsuÄĄovtsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpossoqÄĄpqtppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpxqrsu r sMJ

otruouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwpwÄĄorsosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqpvpwqr u sMJ

9[TS[\HopovorÄĄoqqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppopxtu qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpopxtu pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ovqwtuJ+uotoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<popvquJ+srqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H \Oj[L<owtwpsJ+xsssoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]

-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ S[\H<popvquJ+srqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqwtuJ+uotoSI[+L[Hqstvx ppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtwpsJ+xsssoSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqs

quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovqwtu

J+uotoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqwtuJ+ uotoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<oxtoqtJ+pptsrqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtwpsJ+xsssoS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtoqtJ+pptsrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

porvpsJ+prtqpoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqwtuJ+uotoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtoqtJ+pptsrqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owtwpsJ+xsssoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< porvpsJ+prtqpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppsvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?69


t.V[ittQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qwO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]quÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/=[.W[Qt.X[SquU[ O[Lqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<porustJ+prtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpoow

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<porustJ+prtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pvtstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxptÄĄpoqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pvtutx r sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsoqwÄĄosqqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqttpxÄĄ

O^Kppvqp s rMJ

orowstÄĄossxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustouÄĄowqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwtr(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<owtvstJ+xsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorosqt qv (

poswrxJ+ssqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<pqpspwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qsrxs t sMJ

S[\HoxpxrpÄĄpqowtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrqxÄĄoqtwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTrpqqsp w rMJ

orsxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprrqxÄĄoqptsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpxrvrq r sMJ

9[TS[\HpoqwpwÄĄppsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpsqoqt w sMJ U\Lqpvquqx u sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppopusu qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpopusu pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owtwooJ+xsstSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxtvqrJ+pqprtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtwooJ+xsstSI[+L[H

O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtwooJ+xsstSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtvqrJ+

pqprtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtvqrJ+pqprtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtwooJ+xsstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< porurxJ+prtosqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<potqqxJ+

psrotoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L <owtwooJ+xsstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<porurxJ+prtosqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

oxtvqrJ+pqprtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<potqqxJ+psrotoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotoutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovpprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LppsrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Louqtts Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?70


u.V[ittQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qxO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qvÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/=[.W[Qu.X[SqvU[ O[Lqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<potqqrJ+psrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsotx

9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<potqqrJ+psrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pttwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotosoxÄĄovstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqosqrr s sMJ

O[bS[S[\HourorxÄĄovpqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowtsÄĄoqptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kppwrvrr s rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrvroÄĄpooqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoworÄĄ

ǜžrptqxpp w sMJ

ousstwÄĄowqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqwprÄĄoroxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxpx(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<oxtutvJ+pqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

qv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortwqr qw (

poswquJ+ssqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<ppqvrxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qtruo t sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrqtxÄĄpqpspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxqpÄĄossrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrprppr w rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqttrtÄĄorsxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrovÄĄotrutr

Ç?Çłpxtppu r sMJ

oqopsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowtsÄĄpqtppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqpvrsrt u sMJ

9[TS[\HovsxtuÄĄoxoxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppoprrt qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpoprrt pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxtvpoJ+pqpqrqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<poswpxJ+ssqoqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

poqtrvJ+prqspoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtvpoJ+pqpqrqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9 S[\USH[ S[\H<poswpxJ+ssqoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[  \Oj[L<porusuJ+prtqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtvpoJ+pqpqrqtSI[+L[Hqsu

vxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqtrvJ+prqspoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr

qtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtvpoJ+pqpqrqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<potqpuJ+

psropvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<porusuJ+prtqqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(

\Oj[L<oxtvpoJ+pqpqrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ \Oj[L<potqpuJ+psropvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqtrvJ+prqspoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porusuJ+prtqqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovovruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppsoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owruot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqprrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?71


v.V[ittQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;roO[QLQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qwÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHro/=[.W[Qv.X[SqwU[ O[Lqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<porusqJ+prtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orptpt

9SGL[;\Oj[L<porusqJ+prtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

prorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<owsosvJ+xqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qrsrqs t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourpotÄĄpooqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowtvÄĄoprrqu

O^Kpqopssu s sMJ

ppqusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvrpÄĄopqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxsu(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<poqttsJ+prqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losttro qx (

popwooJ+srtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<popupqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qurqtv t sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovstqrÄĄppqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqoqoqÄĄotrvpv

QĂžTrprrwqu w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqorvÄĄpqpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpossqxÄĄ

Ç?Çłppostw s pMJ

owqtssÄĄpoourwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqquprÄĄorstqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpurvto w sMJ U\Lqpvsqsr u sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppopoqs qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpopoqs pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<poqtsvJ+prqsrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<poqtosJ+prqrpqtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<popuotJ+

proqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpu pwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqtsvJ+prqsrtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<poqtosJ+prqrpqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poqtsv J+prqsrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

porutuJ+prtqqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtprtJ+pptxroSI[+L[H9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poqtosJ+prqrpqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxtprtJ+pptxroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poqtosJ+ prqrpqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<porutuJ+prtqqvtSI[+L[H

9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtprtJ+pptxroSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<popuotJ+proqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqtsvJ+prqsrtSI[+L[H

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porutuJ+prtqqvtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxtprtJ+pptxroSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<poqtosJ+prqrpqtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovorsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppruovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqpo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqoxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orpoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?72


w.V[ittQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qxÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHp/b=L.W[Qw.X[SqxU[ O[Lqv\X@S] Ç?\Äš>[Q[@­L[Ă&#x2DC;]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[I\;S9SLObRgOLJU­LO[bS[Â&#x201E;LbĂ&#x160;[¢WOM^S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxtptsJ+pqopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortsqw

poqtqqJ+prqrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGOO\Oj[L<oxtptsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owrxpoJ+wtwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpvos u sMJ

I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLorsxtwÄĄourprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kpqptrrp s sMJ

orrxtxÄĄotosqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorsvÄĄottvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrpvsuqr x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqopuÄĄpooqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroxrtÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppovps qu rMJ

ppsvtuÄĄopovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louropr(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<owrxpoJ+wtwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotttss ro (

pqopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxpwsvJ+sorvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qvqxtq u pMJ

owsotwJ+xqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<ousrruJ+sxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpsptrx w sMJ

ovprsqÄĄoxqopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxoqÄĄoqptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppopwru s pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrroqÄĄppqosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrroqÄĄpoqutq

U\Lqpvtotp u sMJ

ostorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostorrÄĄourprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tpovps pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<poqtpuJ+prqrsqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ousrroJ+sxsoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

oxtvrqJ+pqpsstSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ

O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousrroJ+sxsoSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S prtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqtpuJ+prqrsqtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpw

qoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtvrqJ+pqpsstSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtpsuJ+pptxtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<poqtpuJ+prqrsqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< owrxqtJ+wtxqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtvrqJ+pqpsstSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxtpsuJ+pptxtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poqtpuJ+

prqrsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrxqtJ+wtxqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< oxtpsuJ+pptxtvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrxqtJ+wtxqvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owsotpJ+xqsoSI[+L[H:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxtpsuJ+pptxtvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<poqtpuJ+prqrsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owrxqtJ+wtxqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oxtvrqJ+pqpsstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?73


TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opssovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwps

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orouppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

x.V[ittQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]roÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHq/b=L.W[Qx.X[SpSQ@[Lqv\X@S] .\@@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^S9[= SI  Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosoxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owrxssJ+xoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossoou

<oxtvtpJ+pqptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L<oxoussJ+powt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovtsqqJ+rvutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovorrvJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rorqpq v sMJ

I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<osqvoqJ+twqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;

O^Kpqrrrsq t pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqtppuÄĄoqtvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxtpÄĄotosoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpwtsto x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstpvÄĄowrxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtupsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppposr qu rMJ

pooustÄĄppsvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoxtxÄĄpoqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourorx(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ovorrvJ+topvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loutvtp rp (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owrxssJ+xoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qwqusw u pMJ

topvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<ousrtoJ+sporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpstqts w sMJ

\JLpqpsssÄĄoqtuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourptuÄĄowrwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpporqpq s pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottvrpÄĄoutpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrosÄĄpoqutv

U\Lqpvtxp u sMJ

owrwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqtsqÄĄpooustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tposr pr pMJ

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?74


@ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxtwouJ+pqpupoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<oxoutwJ+powsoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­

S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9

„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LíÊH\Oj[L<oxtwouJ+pqpupoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxoutwJ+ powsoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owrxrwJ+xoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxtwouJ+pqpupoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[ „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ovorroJ+toSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxoutwJ+powsoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrxrwJ+xoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<oxtwouJ+pqpupoSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrxrwJ+xoSI[+L[H MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovorroJ+toSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oussosJ+spptSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[V

M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owrxrwJ+xoS I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtwouJ+

pqpupoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovorroJ+toSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxoutwJ+powsoSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Louttsx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxpqqt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppqwpu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH „OL^9[opsopp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[ortrou„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Loupopp„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owqspw

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpoqqqv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqopsu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprotw„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oroqpt„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvpv„Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\ď75


po.V[ittQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rpÂ&#x201E;QuswO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qpo.X[SqSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ovospqJ+tpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otrqtx

oxovsqJ+poporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ovtvowJ+vpsqqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<ouowqsJ+rqsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otowpwJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpspwrx w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<optrtrJ+tquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;

O^Kpqtptpr t pMJ

-X[ÄĄppqvouÄĄoprrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvrwÄĄotortvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqorpo x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvqtÄĄoutpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourqqpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppootq qu rMJ

otorroÄĄoussruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpptÄĄourqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpot(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<otowpwJ+opqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<

rp O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtxqs p (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG;S\Oj[L<ovospqJ+tpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]qxqrsr u pMJ

opqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<osqvrvJ+twropvt

QĂžTrptropo w sMJ

\JLortortÄĄourqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpsqvÄĄovtursÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłppostst s pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorroÄĄottvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrovÄĄpqpstr

U\Lqpwvpp u sMJ

ovpsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxoqÄĄorpoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tpootq pr pMJ

ourqqpÄĄovtppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstooÄĄotortvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxovrtJ+popopqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovtvqrJ+vptSI[+L[H99­C

S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqr qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxovrtJ+popopqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ovtvqrJ+vptSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<ovtvqrJ+vptSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ovosouJ+tproSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otowppJ+opqSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <ovosouJ+tproSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxovrtJ+popopqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otowppJ+opqSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxowqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LououptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqoqq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?76


pp.V[ittQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]p@^LuswO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qpp.X[SrSQ@[Lqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otoxpuJ+opssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourqsq q 

ovtwouJ+vpusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L<ourroxJ+rssrvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OOQ[J[L<osotpoJ+qvrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oqtvtqJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqwpvrs x sMJ

I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLoutppwÄĄoxrrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptorÄĄ

O^Kpqutvtw t qMJ

pqtpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossstpÄĄotrwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžrqpppqr x qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpooutsÄĄppswosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswosÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourprp(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<oqtvtqJ+tssuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtvqt q (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otoxpuJ+opssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpoqorw u qMJ

tssuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;S[\H<ppowpoJ+stpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpuvqv w sMJ

oqtutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourqsuÄĄovtutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpostpoÄĄ

Ç?Çłppotxpt s pMJ

\JLossstpÄĄotrwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtvrtÄĄorrxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpwptqp u sMJ

opqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovoxÄĄoqquoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxtvsp qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txtvsp pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovtvtxJ+vpuroSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ourropJ+rsspvtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[ WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovtvtxJ+vpuroS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu

wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovtvtxJ+vpuroSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ourropJ+rsspvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

otoxoxJ+opsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovtvtxJ+vpuro SI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqtwotJ+

tssutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ourrop J+rsspvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otoxoxJ+opsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< oqtwotJ+tssutvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otoxoxJ+opsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǜT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqtwotJ+tssutvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ourropJ+rsspvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouoqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpuqu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?77


pq.V[ittQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]q@^LuswO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHu/b=L.W[Qpq.X[SsSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oorvopJ+swtsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourqsq q 

<ostwssJ+txswsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpqsvJ+rvtrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spqquqs po sMJ

pqoxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrqwÄĄoqtvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Kpqwsptp t qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprrqwÄĄoqptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorposqÄĄ

ǜžrqqpxqx x qMJ

poqxrtÄĄppswqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourptu(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<ourrsvJ+rsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtvqt q (

opsxooJ+qptsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oorvopJ+swtsro

Â&#x201E;OT]qpppvrq u qMJ

O½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxpuÄĄpoqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqppvÄĄ

QĂžTrpussst x pMJ

orrxrsÄĄosqpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtvpqÄĄortpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppppqsq s pMJ

ostptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoussrqÄĄowqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqpwqrrr u sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxtsrp qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txtsrp pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oursooJ+rsustSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ostwtxJ+txsxqtSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq

rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oursooJ+rsustSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqp qqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ostwtxJ+txsxqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oursooJ+rsustSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oorutrJ+swtspoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ostwtxJ+txsxqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oorutrJ+swtspoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ostwtxJ+txsxqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/ \LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oorutrJ+swtspoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oursooJ+rsustSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oorutrJ+swtspoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostwtxJ+ txsxqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoussoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxoorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqro

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoposoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?78


pr.V[ittQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;vĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r@^LuswO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHv/b=L.W[Qpr.X[StSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<popoosJ+sqsvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrvow r 

\Oj[L<orpxrxJ+ttsppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owttpoJ+xrxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9squsqw pq pMJ

otorprÄĄovstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqoÄĄpqptqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqoqusu t rMJ

pqoxrpÄĄoqptrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtvqwÄĄortpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrqrqvqw x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxqtÄĄoqorqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxrpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxtpqo qu qMJ

opqxspÄĄorpotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtqpwÄĄoxppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqqp(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ostxstJ+txtpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxsxsw r (

ppqsrtJ+pttrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<popoosJ+sqsvvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpqpsqu u qMJ

O½H]M[HQ[J[L<otppruJ+roqotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrpvqqs x pMJ

ortpqxÄĄosstrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrrrÄĄovptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppquu s pMJ

-X[ÄĄosstrpÄĄotrxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrxrrÄĄpoorrq

U\Lqpwrpst u sMJ

pqtprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoussrpÄĄowqtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^txtpqo pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ppqsqvJ+pttrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<orpxrqJ+ttsottSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppqsqvJ+

pttrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstv xppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orpxrqJ+ttsottSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqr

qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orpxrqJ+ttsottSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VS[\H<pooxtuJ+sqsusvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orpxrqJ+ttsottS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pooxtuJ+sqsusvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;Ig

Q[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppqsqvJ+pttrtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pooxtuJ+sqsusvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orpxrqJ+ttsottSI[+L[H

XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowrt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoousrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?79


ps.V[ittQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;wĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s@^LuswO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHw/b=L.W[Qps.X[SuSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ovspsoJ+ruruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowsrpw s 

\Oj[L<owtupqJ+xsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovspsoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqowqoJ+qqsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpppqs pr pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrtuÄĄpoorstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxrxÄĄoprrrs

O^Kqqpqso t rMJ

ppqvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswrrÄĄopqxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqsu(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<oprxtqJ+tprptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporuoq s (

ruruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouqvrpJ+rrotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qprppqp u qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovstpxÄĄppqprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqorspÄĄotrxtr

QĂžTrpvtxqs x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqprqÄĄpqptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpostsrÄĄ

Ç?Çłppprxqu s pMJ

owqttqÄĄpoovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqquopÄĄorsssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqsrtqp x rMJ U\Lqpwrxtw u sMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppxswx qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txswx pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<opsoovJ+tprqqvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

opsoovJ+tprqqvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[ 1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovsprrJ+rurttvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

opsoovJ+tprqqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L

I[bL/Q[J[L<ovsprrJ+rurttvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

owtuosJ+xsqptSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovsprrJ+rurttvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L <opsoovJ+tprqqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppowrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosrx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpooqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?80


pt.V[ittQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;xĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]t@^LuswO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHx/b=L.W[Qpt.X[SvSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otpuprJ+rorqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxswsp t 

O[TO\Oj[L<ouqwrsJ+rrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otpuprJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<ppoutqJ+ptxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqtqosp ps pMJ

ourspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpuptÄĄoxqqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxsuÄĄ

O^Kqrtxqu t sMJ

otorowÄĄottvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrrqÄĄppqpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqtsrt x rMJ

poortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpprpÄĄostqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrpo(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<ooosswJ+svrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppputw t (

rorqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osotrxJ+tvrupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpswpt u rMJ

owoxssJ+vsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLortqotÄĄ

QĂžTrpwrust x pMJ

oqptrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxquÄĄotorpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppptqsr s pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrrqÄĄpoqvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqqoqÄĄ

U\Lqpwswpp u sMJ

ostqttÄĄourspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppswswÄĄopovquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxsstw qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txsstw pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otpuotJ+rorqqqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oootorJ+svrssvtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otpuotJ+

rorqqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oootorJ+svrssvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otpuotJ+

rorqqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otpuotJ+rorqqqtS I[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouqwsxJ+rrspqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otpuotJ+rorqqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oootorJ+svrssvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppossoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoosr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?81


pu.V[ittQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;poĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u@^LuswO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/b=L.W[Qpu.X[SwSQ@[Lqv \X@S]\NS[SI

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwsoJ+qsswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotqov u 

\OU[:[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osousrJ+tvrwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tqutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<owposvJ+vsxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uxruqv pt pMJ

pqpttvÄĄoqtwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoursspÄĄowsoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqtsuuo t sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottvpsÄĄoutpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrrxÄĄpoqvst

ǜžrqutosr x sMJ

owsoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquopÄĄpoovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrrr(

I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]S[\H<porxovJ+srtxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptsot u (

MS<oqtwsoJ+qsswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<optrtrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpttx u rMJ

I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<otqqsoJ+oswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrpxpsv x pMJ

pqtpswÄĄoqtvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxqtÄĄotorprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppqttv s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstquÄĄowrxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtwqxÄĄ

U\Lqpwtuqs u sMJ

poovqvÄĄppswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxppsxÄĄporoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxspsw qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txspsw pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9S[\H<porwtxJ+srtxrvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L 9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<porwtxJ+srtxrvtS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwrrJ+qsswrqtSI[+L[H

<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<porwtxJ+srtxrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<porwtx

J+srtxrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwrrJ+qsswrqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owposoJ+

vswtoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwrrJ+ qsswrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ S[\H<porwtxJ+srtxrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppoossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtusv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?82


pv.V[ittQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]v@^LuswO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/b=L.W[Qpv.X[SxSQ@[Lqv \X@S]UjL59[JU]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SUjL>H^­Q[W½Ă&#x201C;H-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pqtrqsJ+pxrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpptrsr v 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqtrqsJ+pxrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppturqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<oqswptJ+tsqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqrstpx pu qMJ

ppqwpoÄĄoprrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvrrÄĄotorpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqvrtpw u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvptÄĄoutpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourtoqÄĄ

ǜžrqvtwpq x sMJ

otorowÄĄoussrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostrrrÄĄourtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxrwrv qu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrtu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[S[\H<oxqvovJ+sotxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqxou v (

svprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<otqrqtJ+otosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpuqr u rMJ

ortqrxÄĄourtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovputtÄĄovtwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrpxtpro x pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorowÄĄottvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrsuÄĄpqpuox

Ç?Çłppqpxw s pMJ

ovputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprorsÄĄorpqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqpxsrw u sMJ

9[TS[\HourtoqÄĄovtrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssrxÄĄotorpo

Â&#x201E;9H^txrwrv pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<oxqvopJ+sotxsqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H<oxqvopJ+sotxsqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxqvopJ+sotxsqtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopq

pspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxqvopJ+sotxsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqtrrxJ+pxrupvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VS[\H<oxqvop J+sotxsqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqtrrxJ+pxrupvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqrrxJ+ otppvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

pqtrrxJ+pxrupvtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H< oxqvopJ+sotxsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opowssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtqtp Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?83


pw.V[ittQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w@^LuswO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/b=L.W[Qpw.X[SpoSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ppotosJ+ptssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqtsqs w 

-L^S[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrrpJ+rwstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<ooqxspJ+swrupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vvsspv pv qMJ

oqtwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtqrÄĄovtxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposuqxÄĄ

O^Kqxqspt u pMJ

ossvotÄĄotsppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtvrtÄĄorrxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqxtrs x sMJ

oproswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovssÄĄoqqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourspx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorox\Oj[LoxrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oporsp w (

<ppotosJ+ptssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<popwpvJ+srvto

Â&#x201E;OT]qputwtu u sMJ

ǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpqvÄĄoxrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuqpÄĄ

QĂžTrqoqwts x qMJ

pqtqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossvotÄĄotsppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppqrqps s pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoovssÄĄppsxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxpuÄĄ

U\Lqpxpqtp u sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxrtqu qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txrtqu pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrstJ+rwsuroSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrstJ+rwsuro SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppostuJ+ptsqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ >[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrstJ+rwsuroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł

9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxrvouJ+ppqsstSI[+L[HÇ?Çł

9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppostuJ+ptsqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppostuJ+ptsqvt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrvouJ+ppqsstSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppostuJ+ptsqvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrstJ+rwsuroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxrvouJ+ppqsstS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oposswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovswtt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?84


px.V[ittQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\ÊM^S[ŕrvsx9T½[ŕ„WgSqo.V[i>[ŃprØ]KSQ[X[tvoU9[ŕvot\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]x@^LuswO[+T[bJUqu„@DttP[SH]j\W\PTpx„@Dtvo…QcHpr/b=L.W[Qpx.X[SppSQ@[L qv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oxrvrwJ+ppqut„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[opttqp x 

<owoqtwJ+rvqxqt„Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<oxrvrw

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

O\G@\Oj[L<owrtooJ+wsxqo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;Ƕ¾S[\H<

„@[T[9vqprosx pw qMJ

poqwpq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxqroqġpqpoqo„Mj[-X[ġoprrtxġ

O^Kqppprsx u qMJ

\JLoqtxorġortrpr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoprrtxġoqptsx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾sopqsv po pMJ

owquqo„Mj[(9[TS[\Hporpooġppsxqt„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourssp(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<owrtooJ+wsxqo„Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LíÊ„@½Ɗ[„Wń[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprxrp x (

J+ppqut„Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<oxoqsrJ+rxtwsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]qpvttto u sMJ

poropqJ+srrvro„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxtqġ

QþTrqpupw x qMJ

oqtvrx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Horrxqwġosqppw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ǐdzppqstpw s pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpqrtġostsox„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousssuġ

U\Lqpxqpu u sMJ

S[ȉppxrqpt qu qMJ „9H^txrqpt pq sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ„Wń[<owoqtoJ+rvqxtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼnS[\H<oxoqtwJ+rxtxqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

í\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9 „W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<oxoqtwJ+rxtxqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLíÊH„Wń[<owoqtoJ+rvqxtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[P[H H^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxrvrpJ+

ppqtsvtSI[+L[HTX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„Wń[< owoqtoJ+rvqxtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[

„L/\Oj[L<owrstqJ+wsxSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrvrpJ+ppqtsvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

owrstqJ+wsxSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxrvrpJ+ppqtsvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V Q^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„Wń[<owoqtoJ+ rvqxtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owrstqJ+

wsxSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loupuro„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowrrov„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lposwtv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH „OL^9[opootq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orprsw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotrotp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovstoo „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxsrov„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppqqqv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqtprw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqqtu„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovtw„Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\ď85


qo.V[ittQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;psĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po@^LuswO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHps/b=L.W[Qqo.X[SpqSQ@[L qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<owrtosJ+wsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvrv po 

ovtwqoJ+rvpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owrtos

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owooqxJ+vqqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtqqo

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wtrq px qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrsppÄĄpqpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrqxÄĄossvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqprrts u qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtxpwÄĄortrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvsoÄĄotsptp

ǜžsppxtr po pMJ

oqotovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpoqxÄĄpqtqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppxqxt qu qMJ

9[TS[\HovtsquÄĄoxpqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtoq(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<owooqxJ+vqqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqpwps po (

J+wsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpsppJ+rvtvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]qpwtqss u sMJ

J+rxrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotorpuÄĄovstsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqpsrss x qMJ

O[bS[S[\HouruorÄĄovpvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoqxÄĄoqpttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppqtwpv s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowspqwÄĄpootosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppotuÄĄ

U\Lqpxqxqo u sMJ

ousstqÄĄowquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprpptÄĄorpqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^txqxt pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ovtwpqJ+rvpvqoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owoossJ+vqrqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ovtwpqJ+rvpvqoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owrstuJ+wsxpo SI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owoossJ+vqrqvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owrstuJ+wsxpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owoossJ+vqrqvtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpostoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovspos

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?86


qp.V[ittQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ptĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^LuswO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/b=L.W[Qqp.X[SprSQ@[L qv\X@S]Ç?ÇłM_\G­Q[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoroxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<owoortJ+vqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losoprw pp 

<owqqrqJ+rwpvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovturvJ+vpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpwpxsv qo qMJ

ovsttvÄĄppqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqotqpÄĄotsqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqpstsqv u rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqstÄĄpqputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposvotÄĄ

ǜžsqqusx po pMJ

owquruÄĄpoowprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqquqvÄĄorssswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtqr(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<ovturvJ+vpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oropqp pp (

owoortJ+vqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovtsswJ+rvwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpxsxrx u sMJ

Q[J[L<ovrvtsJ+ruquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrqqqppp x qMJ

ouruqpÄĄpootpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqporxÄĄoprsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpprpppr s pMJ

ppqwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxtpÄĄoprpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqpxrvrs u sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxqtts qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txqtts pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqsvJ+rwpwrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovtutpJ+vprroSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owooqvJ+ vqqstSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtutpJ+

vprroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr

ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqsvJ+rwpwrtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owooqvJ+vqqstSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqsvJ+rwpwrtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqsvJ+rwpwrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovtutpJ+vprroSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/

Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owooqvJ+vqqstSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtutpJ+vprro SI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owooqvJ+vqqstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqsvJ+rwpwrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovtutpJ+vprroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpospouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orottuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrvow Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?87


qq.V[ittQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq@^LuswO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/b=L.W[Qqq.X[SpsSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovtuqqJ+vpqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotousw pq 

S[\H<oxpvqqJ+sorssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owqrsqJ+wqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpqost qp qMJ

oururxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwquÄĄoxqrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqposxÄĄ

O^Kqpustqt u sMJ

otorqvÄĄottvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsrpÄĄppqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsrrrrv po qMJ

pootroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorprqpÄĄosttooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtsr(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<owqrsqJ+wqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsxtv pq (

ovtuqqJ+vpqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owouotJ+rvrurt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqosurr v pMJ

Q[J[L<ouswpxJ+rsqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLortsopÄĄ

QĂžTrqqtwrx x qMJ

oqpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxsoÄĄotorpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłpprqss s qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrsrpÄĄpoqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqrssÄĄ

U\Lqpxstsw u sMJ

osttooÄĄoururxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsxtuÄĄopowptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxqqsr qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txqqsr pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxpvruJ+sortqqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtuptJ+vpqSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxpvruJ+

sortqqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxpvruJ+sortqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owqrtwJ+wqouoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovtuptJ+vpqSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxpvruJ+sortqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<owqrtwJ+wqouoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtuptJ+vpqSI[+L[H O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqrtwJ+wqouoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovtuptJ+vpqSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxpvruJ+sortqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owqrtwJ+wqouoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouossqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrrpq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppporxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqppowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?88


qr.V[ittQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pr@^LuswO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/b=L.W[Qqr.X[SptSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owqrouJ+wpwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupppo pr 

posqqtJ+ssvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<owqrouJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxqosqJ+posqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpsuqu qq qMJ

orooorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourutvÄĄowsqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqssÄĄ

O^Kqpwruss u sMJ

ottvsvÄĄoutqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsspÄĄpoqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsssopv po qMJ

owsqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqutsÄĄpoowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louruor(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<oxqosqJ+posqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osssov pr (

wpwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owswpxJ+rxqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]qqpsrqv v pMJ

ouqqtrJ+rrpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpvqqÄĄ

QĂžTrqrruv x rMJ

oqtwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxstÄĄotorpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłpprrutq s qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsupsÄĄowsoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowooqvÄĄ

U\Lqpxtsq u sMJ

poowrtÄĄpptoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxprrqÄĄporpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxpxrq qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txpxrq pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<posqpwJ+ssutoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqrqpJ+wpxqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<posqpwJ+ssuto SI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owqrqpJ+wpxqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L S[\H<posqpwJ+ssutoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owqrqpJ+wpxqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqrqp J+wpxqvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqotwJ+posrpoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owqrqpJ+wpxqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<posqpwJ+

ssutoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqotw J+posrpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouoosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqstowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotptowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqxpu Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppousrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?89


qs.V[ittQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ps@^LuswO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x201E;@DttP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/b=L.W[Qqs.X[SpuSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oxqoowJ+posptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovpptx ps 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxqoowJ+posptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxtxopJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLortsrpÄĄourvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqurwpo qr pMJ

oqtwovÄĄotorqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorsqÄĄottvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqqoqwqp v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourvprÄĄovpwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprqoxÄĄ

ǜžstsusv po qMJ

ÄĄourvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourvprÄĄovttqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louruqp(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<oorsrpJ+swsusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otsqqx ps (

sqpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HQ[J[L<oupxsvJ+rrpopqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqsoqq v pMJ

ovpwtwÄĄowoosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxqtÄĄoprsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrqsprrv x rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrstqÄĄpqpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvtuÄĄoutqpo

Ç?Çłpprsxrt s qMJ

orprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotorsqÄĄoustqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosttrq

U\Lqqoqpu v pMJ

orstotÄĄotorqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxpuqq qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txpuqq pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ouqoooJ+rrpostSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oorssuJ+swsvpvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxqoooJ+

posostSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ouqoooJ+rrpost

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oorssuJ+swsvpvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqoooJ+

posostSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<posspsJ+pspotvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxqoooJ+posostSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posspsJ+ pspotvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqtqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqorpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?90


qt.V[ittQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pt@^LuswO[+T[bJUp.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/b=L.W[Qqt.X[SpvSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<posrqvJ+psxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howouto pt 

O[TO\Oj[L<posrqvJ+psxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<pprrtpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqqoÄĄoxrtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9powtvtx qs pMJ

posvtqÄĄpqtrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossxooÄĄotsrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqqqqopr v pMJ

orrxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoowtwÄĄpptosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loururx(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<oqsxpxJ+tsqrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousqrv pu (

suptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LQ[J[L<ouruowJ+rrtosqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqrrvpv v qMJ

pqpvsvÄĄoroorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvqxÄĄowootvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrqstpw x rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLossxooÄĄotsrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwptÄĄ

Ç?Çłppsqpt s qMJ

pptosoÄĄoprqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopowsrÄĄoqqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsutrw po rMJ

U\Lqqopoqx v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxprpp qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txprpp pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oqsxrrJ+tsqrtoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<posrqoJ+pswsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqsxrr J+tsqrtoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqsxrrJ+tsqrtoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqsxrrJ+tsqrtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<posrqoJ+pswsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<posrqoJ+pswsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqsxrrJ+tsqrtoSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowoxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotovpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqpqs Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?91


qu.V[ittQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qoĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^LuswO[+T[bJUq.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/b=L.W[Qqu.X[Spw SQ@[Lqv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]L[;MÄ?Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<pqqvpwJ+pwqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtssq pu 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqqvpwJ+pwqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+rtupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLowspopÄĄpoqxro

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqpwrq qt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsoovÄĄosqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Kqqspqpu v qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpspwÄĄostuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustssÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourutv(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<otpxruJ+orwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovsqoo pv (

opqtpuJ+totqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Q[J[L<ovourq

Â&#x201E;OT]qqsrspq v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqsrvÄĄpqpprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprstvÄĄoqtwqs

QĂžTrqtqwrx x rMJ

oroostÄĄorttooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprstvÄĄoqpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppspsto s qMJ

owqvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporqqtÄĄpptorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsvtxpx po rMJ U\Lqqopwsq v pMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppxpoo qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txpoo pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<opqtovJ+totqpvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS

JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<otpxroJ+orwptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqqvpoJ+pwqvtqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<opqtovJ+totqpvtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otpxroJ+orwptSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpxroJ+orwptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otpxroJ+orwptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqqvpoJ+pwqvtqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

pqqvpoJ+pwqvtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otpxroJ+orwptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowotrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotorqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpvqw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opttqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?92


qv.V[ittQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv@^LuswO[+T[bJUr.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/b=L.W[Qqv.X[Spx SQ@[Lqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqsowJ+qrpxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrttu pv 

otpwqpJ+ortqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ovtuqsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<orqstvJ+tttpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pprpqtt qt sMJ

ÄĄovsutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtqwÄĄpqpwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttprÄĄ

O^Kqqusqv v qMJ

oqputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorootwÄĄorttprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžsxtqo po rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqqwÄĄoqousrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqppsqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxusx qu qMJ

oprqsxÄĄorpsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtuppÄĄoxpsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvpr(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrxoo pw (

vxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqsowJ+qrpxto

Â&#x201E;OT]qqtrpw v qMJ

Q[J[L<ovstpsJ+rusqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotospq

QĂžTrquupq x rMJ

ossxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvtwÄĄovpxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppsqÄĄ

Ç?Çłppsqvqp s qMJ

ossxqwÄĄotsrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsrovÄĄpoourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqoqutt v pMJ

pqtrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousttuÄĄowqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^txusx pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<otpwrtJ+orttvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovtupvJ+vxsoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otpwrtJ+orttvtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otpwrtJ+orttvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovtupvJ+ vxsoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

otpwrtJ+orttvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otpwrtJ+

orttvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqsooJ+qrpxroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqqsooJ+qrpxroSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otpwrtJ+orttvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqsoo J+qrpxroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovtupvJ+vxsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotstorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowopsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovprrq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?93


qw.V[ittQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^LuswO[+T[bJUs.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/b=L.W[Qqw.X[Sqo SQ@[Lqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osqsprJ+qwpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoppst pw 

9SGOOQ[J[L<osqsprJ+qwpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otqrpt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rwqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvpoÄĄppqsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppptpsrt qu sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpptrÄĄoprtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsppÄĄpqpwqu

O^Kqqvtusr v rMJ

oprroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqvtpÄĄpooxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvqx(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ovttpoJ+vutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrrow px (

J+osurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtorJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qquqws v qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqoutuÄĄotsrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwpqÄĄpooustÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqusrsu x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwqvÄĄppropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptppwÄĄ

Ç?Çłppsrxsv s qMJ

oqqvquÄĄorstrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspopppp po sMJ U\Lqqortw v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxrrw qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txrrw pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovttqtJ+vvroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<poropqJ+prrrttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovttqtJ+vvroSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poropqJ+prrrttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­C H^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovttqtJ+vvroSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poropqJ+

prrrttSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovttqtJ+vvroSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poropqJ+prrrttSI[+L[H9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqsquJ+qwqoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqsquJ+qwqoqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ovttqtJ+vvroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqsquJ+qwqoqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poropqJ+prrrttSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotspovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosttqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovoxru Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?94


qx.V[ittQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qrĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px@^LuswO[+T[bJUt.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/b=L.W[Qqx.X[Sqp SQ@[Lqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<oupwppJ+rrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hposrrw px 

O[TO\Oj[L<otqqopJ+osrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<oupwpp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwssJ+rxstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqvpvq qv sMJ

oxqtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqosÄĄoqpvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoruÄĄ

O^Kqqxsxq v rMJ

oxrttrÄĄppqsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrttrÄĄporoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsppputq po sMJ

ostuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostuspÄĄourwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvss(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<poqxouJ+prrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqssx qo (

J+rrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovpoqrJ+tprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqvqto v rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorttrxÄĄourwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoovÄĄ

QĂžTrqvqpqo x sMJ

otosopÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosrwÄĄottwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppstqx s qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqtpsÄĄpooutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpstwÄĄ

U\Lqqosrpx v pMJ

pptpprÄĄopoxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxoqw qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txoqw pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<poqwtxJ+prrotqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqptsJ+osrpoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqwtxJ+prrotqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqwtxJ+ prrotqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

poqwtxJ+prrotqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<oupwquJ+rrsroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

otqptsJ+osrpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqwtxJ+prrotqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<oupwquJ+rrsroS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpooxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovotso Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxorsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?95


ro.V[ittQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qsĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qo@^LuswO[+T[bJUu.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/b=L.W[Qro.X[SqqSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovtvorJ+rvpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppprop qo 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovoxrrJ+tppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovtvorJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;K`\HS[\H<oxpxtpJ+sorvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oxqrsx p rMJ

pqtrtwÄĄoqtxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsosvÄĄotospqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Krpspqo v sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvrvÄĄowsptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqopÄĄ

ǜžspqqqqq po sMJ

popoopÄĄpptpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxptooÄĄporrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtw(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<pqtoqwJ+pxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpppstt qp (

rvpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owrwsxJ+wtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwqptv v rMJ

pqpwtpÄĄoropruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwruÄĄowsrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrqvtwtu x sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottxovÄĄoutrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruovÄĄporoqp

Ç?Çłpptsqu s qMJ

owsrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwpwÄĄpopoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqotpro v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwtvpv qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twtvpv pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pqtoqpJ+pxqrsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqtoqpJ+ pxqrsqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pqtoqpJ+pxqrsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovtutvJ+

rvpopqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovoxqtJ+tppqqtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pqtoqpJ+pxqrsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovtutvJ+rvpopqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpootsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovopss Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqowqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?96


rp.V[ittQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp@^LuswO[+T[bJUv.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x201E;@DtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/b=L.W[Qrp.X[SqrSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@@[Q[H^T\OJ[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxpqttJ+sopxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppsppr qp 

9`\ÄĄ9[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owrvrwJ+wtppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sosssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLortuoqÄĄourwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqprwpr q rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtxpvÄĄotosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototovÄĄottxqq

O^Krrrrrs w pMJ

outrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourwsuÄĄovqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžsprqvsp pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄostvosÄĄourwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourwsuÄĄovtutx

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpq(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtpsoJ+qsquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqosrt qq (

oxpqttJ+sopxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TS[\H<oxqqtxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqxpwts v rMJ

S[\HovqoqxÄĄowoqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprossÄĄoprttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqwrurq x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruqoÄĄpqpxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottxqqÄĄ

Ç?Çłpptpurw s qMJ

oprrrxÄĄorptqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLototovÄĄoususxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lqqotxsp v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsupqÄĄotosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwtsu qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twtsu pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtptsJ+qsqutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxqrprJ+sostptSI[+L[H

O`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[ \OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ S[\H<oxqrpr J+sostptSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq

prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtptsJ+qsqutvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtptsJ+qsqutvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtptsJ+qsqutvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/ S[\H<oxprowJ+soqoqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrvtrJ+wtpttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxprowJ+soqoqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoopsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqprsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutvsw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HportptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqosqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?97


pX[7LttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;quĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq@^LuswO[+T[bJUw.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTp.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/b=L.W[QpU[7LqsSQ@[Lqv \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rp.V[ittQ[\S uswuqp I[+>[ J+srpwtvt <qqqsSWQj  Ă&#x2DC;]9[\Q9[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<poopqsJ+sqqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqoxrp qq 

9SGOO\Oj[L<oxsorqJ+ppqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<poopqs

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLottxrvÄĄoxrursÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9psrx r rMJ

-X[ÄĄopprrpÄĄoqovstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqorxÄĄowoqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krtqtsq w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtxqxÄĄorsppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopoqwÄĄ

ǜžspsrqsw pp pMJ

oppoooÄĄoqqwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqs(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L<osqvqoJ+qwqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqttop qr (

J+sqqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;S[\H<oxostsJ+rxtwsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]ropttq v sMJ

owoqqqÄĄoxqtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototqrÄĄottxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqxpspo x sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpqrwÄĄoqtxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostoqwÄĄotsssq

Ç?Çłpptqwsu s qMJ

pptqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptqoxÄĄoprrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqqpvtp v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwtott qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twtott pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osqvprJ+qwqsrtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxsoqsJ+ppqvrqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqvprJ+

qwqsrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqvprJ+qwqsrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<pooppvJ+sqpxstS I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pooppvJ+sqpxstSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxsoqsJ+

ppqvrqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Q[J[L<osqvprJ+qwqsrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<pooppvJ+sqpxstSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqoxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutrtq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?98


qX[7LttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qr@^LuswO[+T[bJUx.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTq.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/b=L.W[QqU[7LqtSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ S[\H<popxqoJ+srspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqrxpo qr 

Q[J[L<otrrroJ+rpxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqsqJ+rwpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppuspq s rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoswÄĄoxqttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprpovÄĄoqpvtx

O^Krvpvso w qMJ

ÄĄortuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprupuÄĄoqpvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžsptrvst pp pMJ

9[TS[\HporrstÄĄpptptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwru(

M[SL[\Oj[Lototso\Oj[LoxruswÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsvqr qs (

poprtuJ+pqtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<popxqoJ+srspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rppqtp v sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLototsoÄĄoutsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporpoqÄĄopprsr

QĂžTrqxtpsw x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortuqsÄĄotsstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqpo

Ç?Çłpptsosw s qMJ

orptsrÄĄostvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousvqoÄĄowqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqpptuo v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwsvst qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twsvst pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<otrrqrJ+rpxpvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<popusqJ+pqtutqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<popspoJ+pqtpptS I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<popusqJ+pqtutqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrrqrJ+rpxpvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otrrqrJ+rpxpvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<popxprJ+srrtqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<popxprJ+srrtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<popspoJ+pqtpptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

otrrqrJ+rpxpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<popxprJ+srrtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqottoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousxtu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?99


rX[7LttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs@^LuswO[+T[bJUpo.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTr.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/b=L.W[QrU[7LquSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<pooupxJ+sqrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oppprv

9SG;S\Oj[L<popustJ+pqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<pooupxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLovswruÄĄporpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopprts

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqxrrrs t qMJ

ÄĄovqotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxquovÄĄpprppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopruqxÄĄ

O^Krxxqt w qMJ

pqproqÄĄpqtsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousvrvÄĄowqxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspusqqx pp qMJ

oxptspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsu(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<ouoxosJ+rqrvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

qs O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqso qt (

sqrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?OQ[J[L<ovptsoJ+rtqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqxto v sMJ

ÄĄoroqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorturrÄĄotsstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourxpq

QĂžTsoqxqv po pMJ

oqtxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopprtsÄĄoqowovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłppttqsu s qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoprspsÄĄorpttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvqvÄĄ

U\Lqqpqsw v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwssrs qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twssrs pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<popurwJ+pqtusqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ouowtuJ+rqrvqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<popurwJ+

pqtusqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouowtuJ+rqrvqvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pooupqJ+ sqrorvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<popurwJ+pqtusqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ouowtuJ+rqrvqvtS

I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<pooupqJ+sqrorvtS I[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousuoo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owssoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?100


sX[7LttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt@^LuswO[+T[bJUpp.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTs.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/b=L.W[QsU[7LqvSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbO9JS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxqrqsJ+sosqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opswqr

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxswrvJ+ppsttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LS[\H<oxqrqsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

L[;Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HQ[J[L<otsstsJ+rprurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpqspst u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortusqÄĄotstovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqporÄĄoxqupu

O^Krppott w rMJ

ortusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqupuÄĄposxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžspvsvp pp qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptqsvÄĄoprsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqxrqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtu(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<oupssvJ+rqtppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

qt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorspqp qu (

sosqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<owtpqqJ+xqptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rruto v sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotoupuÄĄoutssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvpvÄĄppqtsp

QĂžTspvw po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprusqÄĄototqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowpwÄĄ

Ç?Çłppusrx s qMJ

ppqtspÄĄpqpxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposxstÄĄpprpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqprqpt v pMJ

popppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqwtqÄĄorsvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwspqr qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twspqr pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ouptopJ+rqtptqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxswroJ+ppstrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouptopJ+

rqtptqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ouptopJ+rqtptqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ouptopJ+rqtptqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxqrpvJ+sosqrqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxswroJ+ppstrtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ouptopJ+rqtptqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxqrpvJ+sosqrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovroppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousqot Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orototÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?101


tX[7LttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;roĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu@^LuswO[+T[bJUpq.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTt.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHro/b=L.W[QtU[7LqwSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owprrqJ+rvsvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrpow

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<owtpspJ+xqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortpqvJ+qutqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqutsp v qMJ

outstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporpsrÄĄoppspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Krpqtqu w rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpupqÄĄostvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostvsxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxot(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Q[J[L<ottrqxJ+rptvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

qu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lossqtu qv (

owprrqJ+rvsvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ovqwtrJ+ttstt

Â&#x201E;OT]rsrto w pMJ

OĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqttpoÄĄorooqtQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotourtÄĄ

QĂžTspsssx po pMJ

oxrvrqÄĄporpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxquqtÄĄpoowpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppupuqu s qMJ

ourxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptqrqÄĄopposxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspwtpqo pp qMJ U\Lqqpsoqp v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwrwpq qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twrwpq pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortpspJ+qutqstSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ottrqqJ+rptutvtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtptuJ+ xqrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortpspJ+

qutqstSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owprqtJ+rvsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[ H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ottrqqJ+rptutvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottrqqJ+rptutvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owprqtJ+rvsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottrqqJ+rptutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owprqtJ+rvsvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< owtptuJ+xqrqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottrqqJ+rptutvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owprqtJ+rvsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotoxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourwox Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oropowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?102


uX[7LttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;p3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv@^LuswO[+T[bJUpr.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTu.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpX[z[L.W[QuU[7LqxSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ourxrrJ+rrtprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqpps

9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ovqxrtJ+ttusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ourxrr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwpsJ+qppwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rxsssq w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsqwÄĄoroqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpoxÄĄourxqx

O^Krpssqtt w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotootÄĄpprptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqquÄĄ

ǜžspxttqu pp qMJ

oworopÄĄowsssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowroosÄĄpopprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwrtp qu qMJ

porsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpq(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Q[J[L<otowouJ+roqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

qv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotstrq qw (

J+rrtprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otssqxJ+prrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rtotp w pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotouttÄĄouttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovsxquÄĄporptv

QĂžTsqqqrp po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworopÄĄoxqurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroosoÄĄorsqqu

Ç?Çłppuqww s qMJ

otottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsxquÄĄowsrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lqqpswqu v pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopprwÄĄpptrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpuouÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^twrtp pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otovtxJ+roqsoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otovtxJ+

roqsoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ourxqtJ+rrtpptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ourxqtJ+rrtpptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ourxqtJ+rrtpptSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovqxqxJ+ ttuqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otovtxJ+roqsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ourxqtJ+rrtpptSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpptoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoursprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqqq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otopswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?103


vX[7LttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;q3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw@^LuswO[+T[bJUps.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTv.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqX[z[L.W[QvU[7LpSQ@[Lqv \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ossuoxJ+qxvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ospxos

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otstrqJ+prtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ppowotJ+ptqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqrrvpv x rMJ

oxrwopÄĄoppsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsstrÄĄpotopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krpurrqo w sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouopqtÄĄouttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxrrÄĄ

ǜžsqotxpx pp rMJ

otovpuÄĄouswswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwopÄĄourxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwrptp qu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpx(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Q[J[L<osoqprJ+qvpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lousupq qx (

ossuoxJ+qxvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orsqsuJ+tuqvtqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rttvtr w pMJ

O½H]M[H\Oj[L<owqrrtJ+wxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsropt po pMJ

pqprswÄĄoprvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqpxowÄĄorsqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppurxst s qMJ

ovqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprstuÄĄorpuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqpturo v pMJ

9[TS[\HourxrrÄĄovtvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvttÄĄotoupu

Â&#x201E;9H^twrptp pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<osoqqwJ+qvpwSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ossuooJ+qxutoSI[+L[H\W+X S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[

@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<ossuooJ+qxutoSI[+L[H \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpo ppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osoqqwJ+qvpwSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osoqqwJ+qvpwSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ossuooJ+qxutoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ossuooJ+qxutoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(

\Oj[L<otstqtJ+prtqqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ossuoo J+qxutoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouropvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwqt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opowprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?104


wX[7LttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;r3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx@^LuswO[+T[bJUpt.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTw.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHrX[z[L.W[QwU[7LqU[7j[Tqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotourtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrutsJ+qrsrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqrps

M_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orsrroJ+tuqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

toswrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<owqspwJ+wppsqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9svsppt po rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouopstÄĄoxrwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworppÄĄ

O^Krpwqrpu x pMJ

oppsswÄĄoqowtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqrÄĄoworppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžsqqqtw pp rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoropppÄĄorsqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopqouÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwqwso qu qMJ

opppqwÄĄoqqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqt(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsppqJ+qrtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qx O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsqos ro (

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrutsJ+qrsrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<opqvqsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rutstu w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<otqxsqJ+otspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<

QĂžTsrrvtx po qMJ

oxqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotovrvÄĄouopstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpputppu s rMJ

pqprtxÄĄoropppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostppxÄĄotstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqqsrq v pMJ

pptrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptrruÄĄoprtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^twqwso pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqspouJ+qrtrsqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqspouJ+qrtrsqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bT

Â&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrusuJ+ qrsqtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqspouJ+qrtrsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrusuJ+qrsqtqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqsrpJ+wpqptS

I[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrusuJ+qrsqtqtS

I[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqspouJ+qrtrsqtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqsqx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoorsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opospvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?105


xX[7LttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;s3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ro@^LuswO[+T[bJUpu.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTx.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHsX[z[L.W[QxU[7LrU[7j[Tqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<pqputqJ+pvtqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourosu p 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqputqJ+pvtqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+otuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<oqqwtxJ+trqprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqptrto pp rMJ

oppstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpquÄĄoxqutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqqpÄĄ

O^Krqopqsp x qMJ

ororpoÄĄortvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprvsxÄĄoqpxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqruqr pp rMJ

owrotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporstpÄĄpptrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqx(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxosJ+qoqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrpsr p (

<pporsvJ+sssxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<otroqu

Â&#x201E;OT]rvtptx w qMJ

\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotovtxÄĄoutupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqrwÄĄ

QĂžTssptss po qMJ

oqpxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvpvÄĄotstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppvqsp s rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpusqÄĄostwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousxquÄĄ

U\Lqqqpqrr v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwqtqx qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twqtqx pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowtuJ+qoqqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<pporsoJ+sssxpqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ S[\H<

pporsoJ+sssxpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowtuJ+qoqqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxpp

prpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pqpustJ+pvtpttSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowtuJ+qoqqqtSI[+L[H P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsxqxJ+ppsqsvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowtuJ+qoqqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqpustJ+pvtpttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxsxqxJ+ppsqsvtSI[+L[H \LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrorxJ+otusoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqpustJ+pvtpttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowtuJ+

qoqqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxsxqxJ+ppsqsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosowpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqorr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?106


poX[7LttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;t3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUpv.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTpo.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHtX[z[L.W[QpoU[7Ls U[7j[Tqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxtoqpJ+ppsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourosu p 

\Oj[L<pproqvJ+ptttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rwrwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovqppwJ+trpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tupptq pq rMJ

ovtorvÄĄporqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptovÄĄororpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krqqprp x qMJ

oxqutxÄĄpprqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprworÄĄoropssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqsxrr pp sMJ

pqtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousxsuÄĄowrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrr(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<ovqppwJ+trpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrpsr p (

oxtoqpJ+ppsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrttpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rwsxs w qMJ

;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOS[\H<ppqtsuJ+stsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsstrro po qMJ

ortvqpÄĄotstrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxruÄĄovqpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppvpsp s rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopptovÄĄoqoxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpsqpÄĄ

U\Lqqqqorr v pMJ

oprtqrÄĄorpuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtwosÄĄoxpurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwqqpw qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twqqpw pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ppropwJ+pttstoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxsxrpJ+ppspttSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppropwJ+pttstoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oxsxrpJ+ppspttSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppropwJ+pttstoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

ppropwJ+pttstoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqpppJ+trptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <oxtoruJ+ppstrtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqpppJ+trptSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

oxtoruJ+ppstrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppropwJ+pttstoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovqpppJ+ trptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsxrpJ+ppspttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovouruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LososqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpurw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ppX[7LttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;u3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUpw.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTpp.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHuX[z[L.W[QppU[7Lt U[7j[Tqv\X@S]

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?107


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovrvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovqqorJ+trrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrwqt q 

oxtoqrJ+ppsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<owpqsxJ+vrxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<ouowpuJ+rqqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osttttJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqorpto pr sMJ

I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotowstÄĄoututqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxoqÄĄ

O^Krqrsxsr x rMJ

oxqvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwpvÄĄotovrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžsqtpqqw pp sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvowÄĄpqqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotoswÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwpxv qu qMJ

owrpqwÄĄpopqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrorvÄĄorsxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrt(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<osttttJ+txquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxptqs q (

I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovqqorJ+trrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]rxsux w qMJ

txquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrpuJ+rwupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTstrppw po qMJ

ppqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqtÄĄotstrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqvÄĄ

Ç?Çłppvqtpt s rMJ

oqoxpxÄĄortvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqvosÄĄpotoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqqqwrq v pMJ

pprqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptspoÄĄoprtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^twpxv pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxtorwJ+ppsssqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<osttsvJ+txqurtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

\Oj[L<owprosJ+vrxsvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osttsvJ+txqurtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtorwJ+ppsssqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owprosJ+vrxsvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovqqpwJ+trrtqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxtorwJ+ ppsssqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<osttsvJ+txqurtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owprosJ+vrxsvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovqqpwJ+trrtqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqqpwJ+trrtqtS I[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osttsvJ+txqurtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovqqpwJ+trrtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtorwJ+ppsssqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osttsvJ+txqurtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovoqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpproqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosooqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?108


pqX[7LttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;w3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUpx.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTpq.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHwX[z[L.W[QpqU[7Lu U[7j[Tqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovtxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ostusoJ+txqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowssow r 

<owprtuJ+vsptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ousssoJ+rtvsvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsuouJ+qurqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ustopr ps sMJ

rospsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqturvÄĄoroqpw

O^Krqtrvpq x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrxpvÄĄporrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvowÄĄ

ǜžsquptv pp sMJ

ostwptÄĄourxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrsuÄĄoppqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxru(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oqrvsqJ+trsoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtsqt r (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ostusoJ+txqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rposrpt w rMJ

oqrvsqJ+trsoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Q[J[L<otqttoJ+

QĂžTsuxu po qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotoxoxÄĄoutvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrpwÄĄopptqr

Ç?Çłppvruqs s rMJ

pooxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorputvÄĄostwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqqqruqx v pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwpttv qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twpttv pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owprtoJ+vspsqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oussrqJ+rtvqvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<owprtoJ+vspsqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oussrqJ+

rtvqvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<owprtoJ+vspsqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqrvtuJ+trsotvtSI[+L[HL^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

oussrqJ+rtvqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oussrqJ+rtvqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oqrvtuJ+trsotvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owprtoJ+ vspsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqrvtuJ+trsotvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oussrqJ+rtvqvtSI[+L[HXO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouporwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?109


prX[7LttQ[\S/bS/tw\ÊM^S[ŕrvsx9T½[ŕ„WgSpsX[7L>[Ńx3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[ŕvot\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]s@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUqo.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTpr.V[itvo…QcHxX[z[L.W[QprU[7LvU[7j[Tqv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<oorqovJ+swqtqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxsvqu s 

otqxovJ+osvtqt„Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGO[TO„O\LSMS<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;ǶP„O\LSMS<oqrupwJ+qrrutqt„Mj[

„@[T[9upxrrp pt sMJ

porrrq„Mj[-X[ġopptrpġororrp„Mj[-X[ġostproġ

O^Krqvqrtu x sMJ

orssrp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hpotpoqġpprqtw„Mj[-X[ġ

Ƕ¾sqvpvrp pq pMJ

9^\T9S[\Howorqpġowstpu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrqoqġ

S[ȉppwpqsu qu qMJ

oxpusrġportpx„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxru(

JUQ]LíÊlj[H]\Oj[L<oustquJ+rtxsqt„Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporoqu s (

oprrsoJ+qpopvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<oorqovJ+swqtqqt

„OT]rppsoqr w rMJ

I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;\JLotoxrrġoutvrr„Mj[-X[ġovtprqġ

QþTsusutt po rMJ

ourxro„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howorqpġoxqvpq„Mj[-X[ġoroqrtġ

Ǐdzppvsvqu s rMJ

orssrpġotowqq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtprqġowstrq„Mj[(

U\Lqqqssqs v pMJ

poprpv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoprpvġpptsrp„Mj[(9[TS[\H

„9H^twpqsu pq sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oustpwJ+rtxqqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oorptxJ+swqtqtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑ OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

otqwtxJ+osvrqtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ƶ O[bS[M[\L „R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L<

oorptxJ+swqtqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtvwpo

pqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<oustpwJ+rtxqqtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LíÊH\Oj[L<otqwtxJ+osvrqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oustpwJ+ rtxqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oorptxJ+

swqtqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<otqwtxJ+osvrqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ

„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oustpwJ+rtxqqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oorptxJ+swqtqt SI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oustpwJ+rtxqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oorptxJ+swqtqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ \Oj[L<otqwtxJ+osvrqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loutssx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxporx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lppqqru„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprtro„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[ortqrs„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louousq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owostp

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxssox„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppprqp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqssrw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxsq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrspu„Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\ď110


psX[7LttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;po3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]t@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUqp.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTps.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpoX[z[L.W[QpsU[7LwU[7j[T qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<posqsrJ+srtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lposwtu t 

\Oj[L<osrpppJ+twqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<pptwsoJ+pvpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vrwro pu sMJ

potpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptosÄĄoprwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqotuÄĄ

O^Krqxxto x sMJ

ourxqtÄĄovqpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprttqÄĄorpvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqwpxrw pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxqtÄĄovtwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortootÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrt(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<otqxtqJ+osxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppotpq t (

pprtpvJ+purpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<posqsrJ+srtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpqrvrp w rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrxsvÄĄopptrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstpvÄĄ

QĂžTsvqsst po rMJ

orsstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouortuÄĄoutvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłppvtwqq s rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotoxtwÄĄoutpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwpsÄĄourxqt

U\Lqqqtqpw v pMJ

otowstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwxrt qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twxrt pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<otqxsuJ+osxroSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<osrpotJ+twqpstSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otqxsuJ+osxroSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osrpotJ+ twqpstSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

otqxsuJ+osxroSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otqxsuJ+osxro SI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<posqruJ+srtprtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otqxsuJ+osxroSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<posqruJ+srtprt SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

osrpotJ+twqpstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxousrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orswrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouoqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoott

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppoxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osroqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?111


ptX[7LttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pp3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUqq.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTpt.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHppX[z[L.W[QptU[7LxU[7j[T qv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]M\OĂ&#x160;[bS[ML]M^Ă&#x160;J[59[JU].\@9[ÄĄĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxoxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<oxprtpJ+sowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsxst u 

\Oj[L<ortstsJ+tutopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owrwrtJ+wrxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpvqqq pw pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouospxÄĄoxsooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ksotstp po pMJ

-X[ÄĄopptstÄĄoqoxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqppwÄĄoworpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžsqxqpqv pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HororppÄĄorstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoprssÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwuqs qu qMJ

oppqtwÄĄoqrpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<osrpruJ+twqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppsoqs u (

oxttrvJ+pptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxprtpJ+sowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rprrsso w sMJ

<oxrupoJ+ppsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ovrptwJ+ttqtqt

QĂžTswqru po rMJ

oworpwÄĄoxqvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpoqrÄĄouospxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłppwxpq s rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqptpsÄĄororppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostpqwÄĄotstqr

U\Lqqrox v pMJ

pptstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptstpÄĄoprttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^twuqs pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ortssuJ+tusxtqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovrptpJ+ttqrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovrptpJ+ttqrtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ortssuJ+tusxtqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxpsotJ+soxpt SI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<ortssuJ+tusxtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxpsotJ+soxptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/

S[\H<oxpsotJ+soxptSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxruorJ+ppspoSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxpsotJ+soxptSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortssuJ+tusxtqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxoqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orssspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtutx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppotqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?112


puX[7LttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pq3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUqr.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTpu.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpqX[z[L.W[QpuU[7Lpo U[7j[Tqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxrrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpoprJ+rvqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqtpor v 

Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<ortstvJ+tutoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<orsrsxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpoprJ+rvqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wosqtp px pMJ

ttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<otsxqvJ+prtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ

O^Ksqrwtr po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpprÄĄoxqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrqqÄĄoqqpqv

ǜžtoqqtx pq qMJ

ÄĄortvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprxquÄĄoqqpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppwrpr qu qMJ

9[TS[\HportrtÄĄpptsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxro(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotposx\Oj[LoxsopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqpvsp v (

tuqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L<owrxooJ+wsoqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpsrpto w sMJ

ovswpsJ+urqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ovrqqtJ+

QĂžTswsoqw po rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotposxÄĄoutwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporspoÄĄoppttp

Ç?Çłppwpxtu s rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvrpÄĄotstpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororrw

U\Lqqrvuo v pMJ

orpvouÄĄostwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutptqÄĄowrqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^twrpr pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orssorJ+tuqqSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9 S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orssor J+tuqqSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpootJ+rvqwpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orssorJ+tuqqSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpootJ+rvqwpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpoot

J+rvqwpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrqpvJ+ttrsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpootJ+rvqwpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppposvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtroq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppoprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?113


pvX[7LttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pr3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUqs.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTpv.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHprX[z[L.W[QpvU[7Lpp U[7j[Tqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxtwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ovrrttJ+rttusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optrrs w 

M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<osoprpJ+tvsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rttusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovqvqvJ+trxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpswqs qo pMJ

osqxtvJ+twptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovtqsxÄĄ

O^Kssqptq po qMJ

otstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxosÄĄovqpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvpwÄĄ

ǜžtpqspr pq qMJ

oppttuÄĄoqoxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqptrrÄĄpqtvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwor qu qMJ

orpvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvtuÄĄoxpusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqt(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<orssptJ+tuqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtwru w (

\Oj[L<ovswpxJ+urqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovrrttJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rptqxq w sMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<otsxrpJ+prtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<

QĂžTsxpwqq po rMJ

porsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppttuÄĄororrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvroÄĄ

Ç?Çłppwrorr s rMJ

pprrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxsoÄĄororsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lqqrptsw v pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoutqprÄĄowrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruowÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^twor pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<osopsuJ+tvtpqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

osopsuJ+tvtpqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<osopsuJ+tvtpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osopsuJ+ tvtpqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrsoxJ+rttvptSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otsxqrJ+prtqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovrsoxJ+rttvptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<osopsuJ+tvtpqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppoutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsxou

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?114


pwX[7LttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;ps3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUqt.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTpw.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpsX[z[L.W[QpwU[7Lpq U[7j[Tqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovqwpsJ+rtspqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvps x 

1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<ossxqxJ+txrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SG;S\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rtspqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovrvptJ+uqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqvpwpq qp pMJ

orrstvJ+tttvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotppspÄĄ

O^Ksursr po qMJ

otstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpooÄĄoxqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxtsÄĄ

ǜžtqqtw pq qMJ

oxqvpwÄĄpotproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwqrÄĄpqqqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvtutq qu qMJ

oprupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrrroÄĄpopsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpx(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<osopruJ+tvssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opssqu x (

<ovqvpoJ+trwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovqwpsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpuqups w sMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<osroorJ+twptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

QĂžTsxtupu po rMJ

outxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsosuÄĄppqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqwÄĄ

Ç?Çłppwsps s rMJ

otpoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxtoÄĄortvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lqqrqrrs v qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotproÄĄpprrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttpwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tvtutq pq sMJ

oqrqrpÄĄortpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovqwqwJ+rtsptvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ossxqpJ+txrqtSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovqwqw J+rtsptvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S qstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ossxqpJ+txrqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpx qpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovqwqwJ+rtsptvtS

I[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ossxqpJ+txrqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ossxqpJ+txrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovqwqwJ+rtsptvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovqvqtJ+trxqoS I[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovqwqwJ+rtsptvtSI[+L[H

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossxqpJ+txrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppoqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovstpo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?115


pxX[7LttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pt3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUqu.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTpx.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHptX[z[L.W[QpxU[7Lpr U[7j[Tqv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TLT\QTĂ&#x2DC;[OL]M_\G­Q[S[:]M_\G­Q[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotposxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovtrtsJ+russqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losoosw po 

\Oj[L<ouovspJ+qpvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owpwqrJ+vssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpopqqp qq pMJ

pqtvtxÄĄorosqsQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpqowÄĄoutxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksvssqq po rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqvpvÄĄpooxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvotÄĄ

ǜžtrqtss pq rMJ

pptssuÄĄopprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpq(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<ossxpqJ+txqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrtst po (

ovrutwJ+uqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovtrtsJ+russqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvqrqw x pMJ

\Oj[L<orosqvJ+tsrxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QĂžTsporspp po sMJ

porssuÄĄoppuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxspooÄĄporssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppwtpqw s rMJ

ostvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostvtsÄĄourwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqqrrppw v qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvtrsp qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvtrsp pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ouovrsJ+qpvqvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovtrsvJ+russvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouovrs

J+qpvqvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovtrsvJ+russvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouovrsJ+qpvqvtSI[+L[H >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<

ovtrsvJ+russvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrutpJ+upsvtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovtrsvJ+russvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ouovrsJ+qpvqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsppt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqououÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?116


qoX[7LttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pu3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pp@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUqv.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTqo.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpuX[z[L.W[QqoU[7LpsU[7j[T qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxorJ+rxppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotoqoo pp 

ovtrtwJ+usqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owpvqq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxqvtuJ+porvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqqtpsq qq sMJ

ovooorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtrsvÄĄporstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuoxÄĄ

O^Ksxqrsr po rMJ

oxqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorossqÄĄorsutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžtsqtuo pq rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovtrsvÄĄowsvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqtsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvtoro qu qMJ

popssxÄĄppttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpusrÄĄportswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxos(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ouovorJ+qpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrptv pp (

J+vsptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxorJ+rxppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwqosr x pMJ

<oqtutxJ+tspxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotpqrtÄĄ

QĂžTspppqv po sMJ

ororrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostposÄĄourwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqtsÄĄ

Ç?Çłppxpst s rMJ

potprvÄĄpprrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsutrÄĄotppptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqrrxp v qMJ

owstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrsotÄĄpopssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tvtoro pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ououtuJ+qpttqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxpwJ+rxpsvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 \Oj[L<ovtrtpJ+usqSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J

ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; \W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ououtuJ+qpttqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+X S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxpwJ+rxpsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ououtuJ+qpttqtSI[+L[Hqsuv

xppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovtrtpJ+usqSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ououtuJ+qpttqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovtrtpJ+ usqSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxpwJ+rxpsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxpwJ+

rxpsvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ououtuJ+ qpttqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owsxpwJ+rxpsvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpottorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrvqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?117


qpX[7LttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pv3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pq@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUqw.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTqp.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpvX[z[L.W[QqpU[7LptU[7j[T qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<poppruJ+sqquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottwqt pq 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxqutwJ+porssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tssxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxspqwÄĄoppupr

Â&#x201E;@[T[9potpvtu qr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqqsvÄĄorsvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLououssÄĄ

O^Kspppso po sMJ

opruqoÄĄorpvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotprorÄĄoutrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžttqtts pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqrpÄĄotppspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwts(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ovtrooJ+urxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrpot pq (

poppruJ+sqquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<oroxpx

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxpvtx x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsstxÄĄpotpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuovÄĄopsors

QĂžTspptos po sMJ

ovooqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourwpxÄĄovqorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppxpptu s rMJ

-X[ÄĄostvrxÄĄourwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourwpxÄĄovtvqx

U\Lqqrsusp v qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvsvpx qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvsvpx pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovtrpsJ+usoqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<poospuJ+pqutqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U

ÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtrpsJ+

usoqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp

prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovtrpsJ+usoqvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poospuJ+pqutqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<poppqwJ+sqquqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poospuJ+

pqutqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poppqwJ+sqquqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovtrpsJ+

usoqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<poppqwJ+

sqquqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poospu J+pqutqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oposoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrrqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqprppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?118


qqX[7LttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pw3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUqx.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTqq.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpwX[z[L.W[QqqU[7Lpu U[7j[Tqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<ppttqsJ+susssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louswqv pr 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ppoorxJ+psqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<ppttqs

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tttuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLouovoxÄĄoxspsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popvrrqp qs sMJ

ouovoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuptÄĄoqoxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoqpÄĄ

O^Kspqrwv po sMJ

ostoswÄĄotssquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorotpxÄĄorsvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtuqtqw pq rMJ

opruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppsqqÄĄoqrrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwss(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<poorosJ+pqrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrosp pr (

J+susssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<orrusvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqoptpv x qMJ

O[bS[S[\HowoqrvÄĄoxqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotprrpÄĄ

QĂžTspqqwq po sMJ

owoqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuptÄĄorotpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppxqpuo s rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoptprÄĄppttswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttswÄĄ

U\Lqqrtspx v qMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppvssx qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvssx pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<poorpxJ+pqsroSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<poorpxJ+pqsroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poorpxJ+

pqsroSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poorpxJ+pqsroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\O ÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poorpxJ+pqsroSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppttpuJ+sussqqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poorpxJ+pqsroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H <ppttpuJ+sussqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqxqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxowstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqoxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?119


qrX[7LttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;px3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUro.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTqr.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpxX[z[L.W[QqrU[7Lpv U[7j[Tqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqrtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<optqroJ+tprtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrptu ps 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGOO\Oj[L<pqtqooJ+pxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tvqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotprtxÄĄovoppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqxsotp qt rMJ

-X[ÄĄpprsorÄĄoqqrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvorÄĄotssps

O^Kspspqtw pp pMJ

oqqrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorputqÄĄostvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrq(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<pqroqtJ+pwpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louqwsp pt (

<optqroJ+tprtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<osprru

Â&#x201E;OT]rqppqru x qMJ

-X[ÄĄportrpÄĄoppupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoowÄĄoxqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsprup po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororqwÄĄortvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopspooÄĄ

Ç?Çłppxrptv s rMJ

outsqwÄĄowrstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporttqÄĄppttpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtvqsrx pq sMJ U\Lqqspts v qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvsotw qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvsotw pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqrorxJ+pwppsoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[

L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqrorxJ+pwppsoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqrorxJ+pwppsoS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqrorxJ+pwppsoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqrorxJ+pwppsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<optqqrJ+tprstoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqrorxJ+pwppsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<optqqrJ+tprstoSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqtrq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqotpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?120


qsX[7LttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qo3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUrp.V[ittP[SH]j\W\PTqs.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqoX[z[L.W[QqsU[7Lpw U[7j[Tqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ortrrsJ+tururtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howoxsp pt 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtqqpJ+qssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tvqsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<ostqrvJ+txspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppppsrsr qu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortutuÄĄotssooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvrrÄĄovpxtt

O^Ksptsuv pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppupwÄĄoqoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpuqxÄĄ

ǜžtwqrqv pq sMJ

opruqrÄĄorpusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtutxÄĄoxpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpx(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroustJ+qssostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqsot pu (

ortrrsJ+tururtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<ospqpwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqqxtu x qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovttosÄĄportspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupwÄĄororqr

QĂžTsprssq pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvopÄĄpprsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopspprÄĄorottv

Ç?Çłppxspsu s rMJ

pqtwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutstoÄĄowrtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqsxqv v qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvrvsv qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvrvsv pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orourxJ+qssoroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L

99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtqrvJ+qstqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orourxJ+qssoroSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orourxJ+qssoroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ortrswJ+turvpoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtqrvJ+qstqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orourxJ+qssoroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ortrswJ+turvpoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqpru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqopqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?121


qtX[7LttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qp3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUpX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTqt.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqpX[z[L.W[QqtU[7Lpx U[7j[Tqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprrpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ortqptJ+turrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howsqtx pu 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Q[J[L<otsqoqJ+rpvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<ostqqpJ+qxrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otsxpsJ+pqsrqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqrstqt qv rMJ

\Oj[L<otqvpvJ+oqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotpstuÄĄ

O^Kspvpvqs pp qMJ

otsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxsoÄĄoxquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopspqtÄĄ

ǜžtxqptp pq sMJ

oxquttÄĄpotpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxqpÄĄpqqqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvrsru qu qMJ

opruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrtrpÄĄpoptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwot(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<otsxpsJ+pqsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowputo pv (

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ortqptJ+turrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrvpv x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<ostprwJ+txpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

QĂžTspsqqr pp pMJ

ovoptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsqqqÄĄppqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortusvÄĄ

Ç?Çłppxtpqx s rMJ

otprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxswÄĄortusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lqqsputw v qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotpstÄĄpprspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuotÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tvrsru pq sMJ

oqrsqvÄĄortrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otspttJ+rpvqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ostqptJ+qxrpvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<otspttJ+rpvqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otspttJ+ rpvqvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<

otspttJ+rpvqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otsxqxJ+pqtpo SI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otsxqxJ+pqtpoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Q[J[L<ostqpt

J+qxrpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJQ[J[L<otspttJ+rpvqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otsxqxJ+

pqtpoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouovrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LportqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqswpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orotqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpvso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?122


quX[7LttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qp3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUqX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTqu.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqpX[z[L.W[QquU[7Lqo U[7j[Tqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprtxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otswpuJ+pqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxprps pv 

owoutrJ+rvwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<otswpuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovropoJ+trtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<otquqo

Â&#x201E;@[T[9otsxrq p qMJ

O`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxpoÄĄoroursQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotptqtÄĄ

O^Kspwsuss pp qMJ

oxsqrtÄĄporuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqusxÄĄpooxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtpopxtp pr pMJ

ourutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttqvÄĄopptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvsx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<ovropoJ+trtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxovrr pw (

pqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ousprrJ+rrrtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]rqssso x rMJ

J+oqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ottoqvJ+pquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTsptot pp pMJ

ovoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuopÄĄoppupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpqops s sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpurrÄĄostussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostussÄĄ

U\Lqqsqsqu v qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvrpqt qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvrpqt pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owousuJ+rvwqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owousuJ+ rvwqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owousuJ+rvwqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otswpoJ+pqptqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ \LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otswpoJ+pqptqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovroqtJ+trupvtSI[+L[H L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

otqupqJ+oqutvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otswpoJ+pqptqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owousu J+rvwqqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovroqtJ+ trupvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouorsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowpxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oropqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovprsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?123


qvX[7LttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qq3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pw@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUrX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTqv.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqqX[z[L.W[QqvU[7LqpU[7j[T qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovqxpqJ+trrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxspsr pw 

poprqpJ+sqqrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGOO\Oj[L<ovqxpqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owsxowJ+wtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opvtxro q qMJ

I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotpttsÄĄovoqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtuoqÄĄ

O^Ksqoprtw pp rMJ

oururuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoprwÄĄoxquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroutrÄĄ

ǜžtpppvqt pr pMJ

orsxqsÄĄotpsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtuoqÄĄowsxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvqwps qu qMJ

popuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopuoxÄĄpptuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvrr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<owsxowJ+wtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxtvpq px (

trrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpqqsJ+rvqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]rqtqt x rMJ

otsxroJ+pqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<ottusqJ+psosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsptrwx pp pMJ

porupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupxÄĄororosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxtoÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqoporp s sMJ

orsxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpssÄĄpprspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lqqsrptq v qMJ

9^\T9S[\HowoprwÄĄowsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowruosÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tvqwps pq sMJ

oxpuorÄĄportsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<poprruJ+sqqsptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ottutuJ+pspqqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottutu J+pspqqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poprruJ+sqqsptSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<poprruJ+sqqsptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqxqvJ+trrtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<poprruJ+sqqsptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqxqvJ+trrtqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owsxooJ+wtprqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otsxsrJ+pqsrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqxqvJ+trrtqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owsxooJ+wtprqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovoxsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpopwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppsxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?124


qwX[7LttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qr3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]px@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUsX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTqw.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqrX[z[L.W[QqwU[7LqqU[7j[T qv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;S@Ĺ&#x2030;[Ć&#x2020;Q]@Ĺ&#x2030;

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpstuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<owswppJ+wsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpooxsq px 

ppttopJ+sururtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owswpp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxsoqqJ+potwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popwqv r qMJ

I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrooÄĄoppupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ksqprwtu pp rMJ

oqqsrvÄĄorsxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoxsqÄĄovoroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtpqpsrr pr pMJ

orpupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpuqrÄĄoutuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostupt

S[Č&#x2030;ppvqts qu qMJ

ÄĄotpstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvpt(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oxsoqqJ+potwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lposutt qo (

J+wsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<oxpwoqJ+sosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]rqttxro x rMJ

ottuouJ+prxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<otsqosJ+pquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTspupupr pp pMJ

owsrtwÄĄpotpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputqÄĄopsqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqopxtp s sMJ

9^\T9S[\HourupsÄĄovpwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprupvÄĄ

U\Lqqsrxpt v qMJ

ÄĄourupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourupsÄĄovtuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttou

Â&#x201E;9H^tvqts pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<ppttptJ+survpoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottttxJ+prxSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppttptJ+

survpoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<ppttptJ+survpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owswqtJ+wtotSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxsopuJ+

potwroSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ottttxJ+prxSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

owswqtJ+wtotSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<ppttpt

J+survpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxsopuJ+potwroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowppsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotovsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovottp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpopsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?125


qxX[7LttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qs3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUtX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTqx.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqsX[z[L.W[QqxU[7Lqr U[7j[Tqv\X@S]Â&#x201E;;[9^T[Ć&#x2020;Q]LbĹ [¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptqtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxrxsuJ+potvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hporwqr qo 

9SG;S\Oj[L<oxrxsuJ+potvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxtsrq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<otosopJ+txqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqsxv s pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotputqÄĄoupoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupuÄĄoqoxrq

O^Ksqrpro pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossxqoÄĄotsqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorovroÄĄ

ǜžtprppps pr pMJ

pptuqqÄĄoprupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopptrtÄĄoqrtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourutu(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<opowprJ+sxrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpprvto qp (

J+sprspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<otsptoJ+pqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqututw x sMJ

oupoowÄĄoxsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowopowÄĄoxquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTsputspw pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwroÄĄowopowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputvÄĄorovro

Ç?Çłpqoqxs s sMJ

ortoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopuqxÄĄpptuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqssuru v qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvqptr qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvqptr pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<opowouJ+sxrutqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otspsqJ+pqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opowouJ+

sxrutqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opowouJ+sxrutqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrxsoJ+potuuoS I[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pooppuJ+ppsxsvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< otspsqJ+pqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxrxsoJ+potuuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<opowouJ+sxrutqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pooppuJ+ppsxsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotorsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovoptt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpopoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppspssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opquswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?126


roX[7LttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qt3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUuX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTro.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqtX[z[L.W[QroU[7Lqs U[7j[Tqv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpttsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<poopoxJ+ppsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppoxou qp 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<poopoxJ+ppsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<pooootJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<osopoxJ+tuswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqtrrrt t pMJ

S[\HovpwpoÄĄoxquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprsqoÄĄoqqtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksqsqpro pp sMJ

ortttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsqqtÄĄoqqtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžtpsvqu pr qMJ

9[TS[\HportrvÄĄppttspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loururu(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<optoqxJ+tpqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqrpop qq (

spsutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<otorquJ+txqtpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqvtsqu x sMJ

\JLotpvqpÄĄovorsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuruÄĄoppuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTspvrqqt pp qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortttpÄĄotsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqrwÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqorww s sMJ

orpttuÄĄosttsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutvovÄĄowrutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqstrtr v qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvpwsq qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvpwsq pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxtxtvJ+spsuroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<optosrJ+tpqqpoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poopoqJ+ppsxpqtS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ S[\H<oxtxtvJ+spsuroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<optosrJ+tpqqpoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxtppwJ+ ppqrrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poopoqJ+ppsxpqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtppwJ+ppqrrvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<poopoqJ+ppsxpqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<optosrJ+tpqqpoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtppwJ+ppqrrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqstssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutwoo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoourpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?127


rpX[7LttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qu3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUvX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTrp.V[itvoÂ&#x2026;QcHquX[z[L.W[QrpU[7Lqt U[7j[Tqv\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]-Ĺ&#x2021;J[-@59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxtppqJ+ppqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppsrpu qq 

otpvtp\Oj[LoxppptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<oqorpp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ppqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxrsrxJ+sosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qwrrpt u pMJ

osoottJ+tusvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<oqrrsvJ+trwrvt

O^Ksqtrwst pp sMJ

oppupoÄĄoroqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttrvÄĄotsptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžtptrx pr qMJ

opsqruÄĄorowovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppupoÄĄoqoxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvptrp qu qMJ

owrvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruouÄĄorptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourups(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<oxppptJ+xsqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvpv qr (

J+tptqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxtppqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqwtptv x sMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxppptJ+xsqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<

QĂžTspwporq pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLovtvpvÄĄporussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqosvt s sMJ

ourtorÄĄovpvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxquosÄĄpprsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lqqtpw v qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpvotÄĄpqtxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutvroÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tvptrp pq sMJ

ovttprÄĄoxptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oqorotJ+tptptqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtposJ+ppqrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqorotJ+ tptptqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxtposJ+ppqrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqorotJ+tptptqtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<oxppowJ+xsqSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtposJ+ppqrqtS I[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxppowJ+xsqSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtposJ+ppqrqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqorotJ+tptptqtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oxppowJ+xsqSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ 

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotssorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoppswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqspswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutsos

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpooqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?128


rqX[7LttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qv3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qr@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUwX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTpX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqvX[z[L.W[QrqU[7LquU[7j[T qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotputqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxppqrJ+xsqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqqrr qr 

oworsqJ+utqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<opsvtp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

xsqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsosvJ+rwquvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqpswsq v pMJ

oossovJ+swrrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpwqoÄĄ

O^Ksqutrr pq pMJ

otsprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvquÄĄoxqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqsvÄĄ

ǜžtpttwqq pr qMJ

oxqttrÄĄpotprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxtuÄĄpqqropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvpqqo qu qMJ

opruopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrvqtÄĄpoputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourttq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpwqo\Oj[LoxppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqusr qs (

J+tppqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxppqrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqxsxqx x sMJ

\Oj[L<oworsqJ+utqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<

QĂžTspwswsp pp qMJ

ovosrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsrsuÄĄppqxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttqqÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqottts s sMJ

otputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxppÄĄorttqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lqqtwqo v qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotprpÄĄpprsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuqxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tvpqqo pq sMJ

oqrupwÄĄorturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsosoJ+rwqttoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<opsvsrJ+tppqpqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxpppuJ+xsqqoSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsosoJ+rwqttoSI[+L[HO`V99­C 9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opsvsrJ+

tppqpqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

opsvsrJ+tppqpqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxpppuJ+xsqqoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opsvsr

J+tppqpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxpppuJ+xsqqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<oworrtJ+utptqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxpppuJ+xsqqoS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opsvsrJ+ tppqpqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oworrtJ+utptqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoovtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutoox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opptooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?129


pP[JttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qw3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUxX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTqX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqwX[z[L.W[QpP[ȢqvU[7j[Tqv \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rqX[7LttQ[\S uswvqr /LW[/LW[ J+ppoqo <xspSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<owospqJ+utrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opowrq

opovpwJ+sxqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owospqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ourqopJ+rpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rtpxsq w pMJ

orowsrQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpwtoÄĄovostrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporutwÄĄ

O^Ksqwsps pq pMJ

oxqtspÄĄpoowrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorptqoÄĄostsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtputrr pr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtqw(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ourqopJ+rpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<

qs O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorqwqo qt (

utrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovqpooJ+rttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L

Â&#x201E;OT]sosvq po pMJ

porrtvJ+srvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoootÄĄ

QĂžTspxquto pp qMJ

oppuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsrtvÄĄporutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpqpsrs s sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostsstÄĄourspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttsuÄĄoppuox

U\Lqqtptqw v qMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppvxpo qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvxpo pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<opovpqJ+sxqxsoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owosorJ+utrqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opovpqJ+sxqxsoSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opovpqJ+sxqxsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<owosorJ+utrqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ourqptJ+ rqpvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owosorJ+

utrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<opovpqJ+sxqxsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ourqptJ+rqpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosswosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousupr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orptrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?130


qP[JttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qx3\Vb9UQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qt@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUpoX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTrX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqxX[z[L.W[QqP[ȢqwU[7j[Tqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvtpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ourqtqJ+rrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqoqqq

<ooottqJ+suttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<ourqtq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

L[;\Oj[L<ossorrJ+twqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpxtpq x pMJ

ovotpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtwpqÄĄporvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppttvÄĄ

O^Ksqxpqr pq pMJ

oxqtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroxopÄĄortptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžtpvsvpp pr rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovtwpqÄĄowtpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtxrtÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvttx qu qMJ

popvprÄĄppturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpsssÄĄportptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtor(

I[\>\Oj[L<ossorrJ+twqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L

qt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losqxto qu (

J+rrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<otrwtqJ+roswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]spssrw po pMJ

owouowJ+rutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotpxqoÄĄ

QĂžTsqotp pp rMJ

oroptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvsuÄĄourrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtxrtÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqpprv s sMJ

potpqpÄĄpprspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortptwÄĄotpvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqtqqrs v qMJ

owsqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrvttÄĄpopvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tvttx pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ooouowJ+suttsvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ossoqvJ+twqprtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W; H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ourqsuJ+rrrtS

I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ossoqvJ+twqprtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooouowJ+suttsvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< ooouowJ+suttsvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ossoqvJ+twqprt

SI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ourqsuJ+rrrtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ossoqvJ+twqprtS I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ourqsuJ+rrrtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooouowJ+suttsvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossoqvJ+twqprtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovswouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpooooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqroooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosssowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousqpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opovovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orppsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?131


rP[JttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qu@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUppX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTsX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpT[+OL.W[QrP[ȢqxU[7j[Tqv\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwqoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<osspqtJ+twqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJ

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ororsv

posvtsJ+srsopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGL[;\Oj[L<osspqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqrrptJ+trqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Q[J[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9srrqo po pMJ

oppttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsqpsÄĄpotpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvpuÄĄ

O^Ktopupw pq qMJ

oupqsrÄĄovotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourrpqÄĄovpupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtpwsosu pr rMJ

outxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostsoqÄĄourrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourrpqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loursrv(

\Oj[L<oqrrptJ+trqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[S[\H<

qu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotqwpv qv (

J+twqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrxowJ+qtswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sqsqps po pMJ

<otqrtsJ+ropopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsspvÄĄ

QĂžTsqosrpr pp rMJ

opsrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqupwÄĄortqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpqpqprp s sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoprtspÄĄorpstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpxsxÄĄ

U\Lqqtqxrv v qMJ

ovtrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvsqÄĄotpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvqsw qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvqsw pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<posvsvJ+srrxttSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H S[\H<posvsvJ+srrxttSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<posvsvJ+srrxttSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< oqrrovJ+trqSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqrrovJ+trqSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< orrxooJ+qtsvtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H< posvsvJ+srrxttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqrrovJ+trqSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqoxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqquosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourwqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oporpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?132


sP[JttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUpqX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTtX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqT[+OL.W[QsP[ȢroU[7j[Tqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwtoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oopsswJ+svptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osposs

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqtsqJ+qoprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oqrotqJ+qqtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLouprowÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spvppsp pp qMJ

otqopxÄĄouprowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptssÄĄoqowrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ktppust pq qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLossvoqÄĄotrxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroxruÄĄ

ǜžtpxrrst pr rMJ

ppturoÄĄoprtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppurqÄĄoqrvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourspo(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]S[\H<oxpvsoJ+rxtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqpqt qw (

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oopsswJ+svptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;OT]srrxtr po qMJ

oxssquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtwtoÄĄoxqtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

QĂžTsqpqpqu pp rMJ

ovptsuÄĄovtwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvpwÄĄoroxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpqpqxsv s sMJ

ortqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvqvÄĄppturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqtruru v qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pputxrv qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tutxrv pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<oxpvttJ+rxtsSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ppoptvJ+pspqtqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppoptvJ+

pspqtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprs uvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxpvttJ+rxtsSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxpvttJ+rxtsSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oopsrxJ+svpsrvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxpvttJ+rxtsSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<

oopsrxJ+svpsrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oopsrxJ+svpsrvtS

I[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< opqtrtJ+qoprpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<

oxpvttJ+rxtsSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oopsrxJ+svpsrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqotosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosrupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loursqs Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqtxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?133


tP[JttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;rMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUprX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTuX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHrT[+OL.W[QtP[Ȣp\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<oxsxqwJ+spppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otpxts

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pporpvJ+pspupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<pprorxJ+ptqsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpqvpr pq qMJ

ovoupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvqpÄĄopptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovptpwÄĄ

O^Ktqprw pq qMJ

ortrtrÄĄotrxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoropowÄĄortrtr

ǜžtqoquw pr sMJ

ostrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutxsrÄĄowrwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrsp(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Q[J[L<ovsoptJ+rtswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

qw O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovowrt qx (

oxsxqwJ+spppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owrtqoJ+wttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ssrvrr po qMJ

\Oj[L<owqtrtJ+vsosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotqoswÄĄ

QĂžTsqptxso pp rMJ

oxqsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprspoÄĄoqqustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłpqprvts s sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrruÄĄoqqustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpspxÄĄ

U\Lqqtsrrq v qMJ

porstpÄĄppttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pputuqu qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tutuqu pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovsoowJ+rtswqoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovsoow

J+rtswqoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovsoowJ+rtswqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxsxqpJ+spppqqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

ovsoowJ+rtswqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxsxqpJ+spppqqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pporpoJ+psptttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovsoowJ+rtswqoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxsxqpJ+spppqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxswpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqopoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Louroqw Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqttpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqtxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?134


uP[JttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;sMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUpsX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTvX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHsT[+OL.W[QuP[Ȣq\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];bLU>H^I­]\W\Ä­\OL[bj9M_@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxsxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovqqqrJ+rtqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqwqr ro 

O\G@\Oj[L<owrupoJ+wvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovqqqrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<owquswJ+vsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<otqqov

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tptsurw pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄopptqxÄĄorootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrrrÄĄotrwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktrtps pq qMJ

-X[ÄĄopsrstÄĄorpoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopptqxÄĄoqowpo

ǜžtqppvtr pr sMJ

owrwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprtptÄĄorpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrpq(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Q[J[L<ouoopvJ+rprvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtoqx ro (

rtqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ouowrtJ+ptuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]strtpt po qMJ

J+ootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLovtxqqÄĄporvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqqrvtt pp rMJ

O[bS[S[\HourprvÄĄovpssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqsqwÄĄpprsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpqpsttq s sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvpxÄĄopoorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoootÄĄ

U\Lqqttoqt v qMJ

ovtqrwÄĄoxprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pputrpu qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tutrpu pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ouoopoJ+rprvpoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<otqqooJ+oorqtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqqooJ+

oorqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpx qpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouoopoJ+rprvpoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovqqptJ+rtqqqtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqusqJ+vsrroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouoopoJ+

rprvpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L< ovqqptJ+rtqqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owottpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppouqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqtpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?135


vP[JttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;tMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUptX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTwX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHtT[+OL.W[QvP[Ȣr\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqopxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ostvqtJ+qwtxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqwqr ro 

\Oj[L<ouoxsvJ+qoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ostvqtJ+qwtxt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ÇśP\Oj[L<otqqtwJ+oqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<oqqqptJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uouqq ps rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxsstqÄĄpproouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrppÄĄotrwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktrtqsu pq rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqovtvÄĄortrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqsppÄĄ

ǜžtqqwtw pr sMJ

potostÄĄpprsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuqtÄĄoprtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pputot qu qMJ

ortxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqsp(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Q[J[L<osqqroJ+qvrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtoqx ro (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<orsvpsJ+tuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;OT]surqtx po qMJ

tqqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotqpsvÄĄovovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqrpupp pp rMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpsqoÄĄoxqsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrtrÄĄotqopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpqptrsq s sMJ

potostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpproouÄĄpqqqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lqqttvps v qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrxouÄĄpopvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrwooÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tutot pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<osqqqrJ+qvrproSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqqqrJ+qvrproSI[+L[H prtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ostvsoJ+qwtxsqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ostvsoJ+qwtxsqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otqqtpJ+oqsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ostvsoJ+qwtxsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqsvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?136


wP[JttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;uMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rp@^T[/uswO[+T[bJUpuX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTxX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHuT[+OL.W[QwP[Ȣs\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]OTbJOJ[1S@bĹ&#x2030;[¢WO

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqoswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsoopJ+qrpsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrssq rp 

\OU[:[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<orsworJ+tusqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

torppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹS[\H<ppqxruJ+stpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upsqqtt pt rMJ

otqqpuÄĄovovqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvrrÄĄopptppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktsrtqw pq rMJ

poovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorprqtÄĄostptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqox(

I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtptsJ+qrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqwrx rp (

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsoopJ+qrpsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oprtpsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]svrost po rMJ

I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoosoÄĄorpossQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

QĂžTsqrtsqw pp sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstooÄĄporvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqrtrÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqqpqr s sMJ

ostptuÄĄouroqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttrwÄĄopputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtqqtxqr pr sMJ U\Lqquso v qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppusuts qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tusuts pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtpsvJ+qrsrsvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtpsvJ+qrsrsvt

SI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrxttJ+ qrpsvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtpsvJ+qrsrsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrxttJ+qrpsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtpsv J+qrsrsvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrxttJ+qrpsvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrxttJ+qrpsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtpsvJ+qrsrsvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppsxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqsrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqswovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?137


xP[JttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;vMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] p.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUpvX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTpoX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHvT[+OL.W[QxP[Ȣt\ĆľT9Jqv\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]T\TH[WĹ&#x152;Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqppwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pqrsrpJ+pvtxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrwtp p 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pqrsrpJ+pvtxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rwrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqqsuÄĄovovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqwrqtr pu rMJ

-X[ÄĄosssttÄĄouqxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtusrÄĄoxqrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kttprt pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsquÄĄotqppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowooppÄĄ

ǜžtqrsxt ps pMJ

owrxrqÄĄpopvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvttÄĄpptupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourprv(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqtoJ+qoqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxossv p (

ppruttJ+strtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owswquJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]swqwrq po rMJ

-X[ÄĄowooppÄĄporvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptopÄĄoqtxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqsrqsv pp sMJ

-X[ÄĄorppooÄĄortsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotoquÄĄpprrtq

Ç?Çłpqqwtt s sMJ

owtqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtusrÄĄowsooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqquposr v qMJ

9[TS[\HoxpqsrÄĄporsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppusrsr qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tusrsr pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqrsqrJ+pvtxqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqsqJ+qoqstoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<pqrsqrJ+pvtxqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[

O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oprqsqJ+qoqstoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqrsqrJ+pvtxqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqsq J+qoqstoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<possprJ+prqqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

pqrsqrJ+pvtxqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqsqJ+qoqstoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqrsqrJ+pvtxqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 

9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<possprJ+prqqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqrsqrJ+pvtxqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqsqJ+qoqstoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<possprJ+prqqqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?138


poP[JttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;wMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] q.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUpwX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTppX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHwT[+OL.W[QpoP[Ȣu\ĆľT9Jqv\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[Ć&#x2020;Q]Ă&#x2DC;]Q\HS[K[S[L]S@SQ\JL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<postpqJ+prqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxsprw q 

<pqropwJ+pvsvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<postpq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxpttsJ+xsoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HQ[J[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpqrrpo pv rMJ

oppstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrxstÄĄpotoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvpuÄĄ

O^Kttstqo pq rMJ

ouptrwÄĄovowoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqxpsÄĄovpqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtqsrwr ps pMJ

ovopqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostotxÄĄouqxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqxpsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpor(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oxpttsJ+xsoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxsoru q (

J+prqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxtvsoJ+spquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sxquqp po rMJ

<ouqpspJ+rqqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstpsÄĄ

QĂžTsqtppu pp sMJ

opsspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqvsuÄĄortssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpqqpupw s sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoprsqxÄĄorpqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqrptÄĄ

U\Lqqupvqp v qMJ

ovtoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosooprÄĄotqpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppusorq qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tusorq pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqropqJ+pvsvqqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqropqJ+

pvsvqqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< pqropqJ+pvsvqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<postosJ+prqsrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxptswJ+xsopqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<postosJ+prqsrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pqropqJ+pvsvqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

oxptswJ+xsopqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?139


ppP[JttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;xMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]r.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUpxX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTpqX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHxT[+OL.W[QppP[Ȣv\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxpuqsJ+xspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpossow r 

<ppswpxJ+puproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxpuqsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<owpptwJ+utxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vquqppr pw rMJ

oxstqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovttstÄĄoxqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Ktupptx pq rMJ

ovpqppÄĄovttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvprÄĄorpprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtqtqups ps pMJ

orttovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopworÄĄpptupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louroqv(

JUQ]\Oj[L<owpptwJ+utxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpopvsu r (

xspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsosuJ+rwpqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]spoqspq po sMJ

ospqrrJ+qvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoupuorÄĄ

QĂžTsqtsxqv pp sMJ

otqrsrÄĄoupuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsrxÄĄoqoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpqqqrrp s sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLossrtvÄĄotrupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpprqÄĄ

U\Lqquqrtu v qMJ

pptupoÄĄoprspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvoxÄĄoqrwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppurvqp qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^turvqp pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppswrsJ+puqvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ppswrsJ+puqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppswrsJ+ puqvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\L\Oj[L<oxpupvJ+xspqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ppswrsJ+puqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpptoJ+utxtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxpupvJ+xspqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpptoJ+utxtSI[+L[H1Çł:/ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxpupvJ+xspqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ppswrsJ+puqvtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owpptoJ+utxtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosowssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LououtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxptqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?140


pqP[JttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;poMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUqoX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTprX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpoT[+OL.W[QpqP[Ȣw\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owpqosJ+utxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsvpp s 

\Oj[L<pprppoJ+ptpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovrtsqJ+tqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wxttt px rMJ

ÄĄovowsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvsqÄĄoppsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovppru

O^Kturqsw pq rMJ

ortppqÄĄotrtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtwtvÄĄortppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtquprrx ps pMJ

ossxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoqpoÄĄowsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxtp(

59[JU]\Oj[L<ovrtsqJ+tqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotvtp s (

owpqosJ+utxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovtoouJ+russtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sppqqt po sMJ

MS<oqqspxJ+qqropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotqspq

QĂžTsquqvsx pp sMJ

ÄĄoxqqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrrpÄĄoqqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłpqqroru s sMJ

9^\T9S[\HopssqxÄĄoqqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpqooÄĄ

U\Lqquroqw v qMJ

porrroÄĄppttqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppurspp qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^turspp pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pprpqsJ+ptpvuoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pprpqsJ+ptpvuoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<owpptwJ+utxqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pprpqsJ+ptpvuoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrtrtJ+tqvptSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovrtrtJ+tqvptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpptwJ+utxqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovrtrtJ+tqvptSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L <owpptwJ+utxqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovrtrtJ+tqvptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovowsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LososswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouoqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?141


prP[JttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ppMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]t.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUqpX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTpsX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHppT[+OL.W[QprP[Ȣx\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]M[cÇ&#x2C6;9­[JU]M\SO\H­L]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovrtqxJ+tqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqtots t 

\Oj[LovqxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<ppsqosJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovqwrvJ+rtxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqrprrr qo rMJ

pwtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLowoppqÄĄporvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktusvrs pq sMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqvpuÄĄovppooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqqpqÄĄpprrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžtqvopr ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvovÄĄopootpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoqroÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppurouo qu pMJ

ovsxpuÄĄoxpppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxps(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<ovqxsrJ+tppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqssp

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppsqpq t (

ptsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovrtqxJ+tqv

Â&#x201E;OT]spqqoo po sMJ

ovqxsrJ+tppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<pqtwqrJ+

QĂžTsqvupp pq pMJ

-X[ÄĄoppspsÄĄoqtwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortostÄĄotrtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpqqrvro s sMJ

-X[ÄĄopssrtÄĄorpqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppspsÄĄoqouqs

U\Lqqurutt v qMJ

owsoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprrswÄĄorpprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^turouo pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ppsptvJ+ptsrpoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovqwtqJ+rtpoqvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovqwtq J+rtpoqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S prsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsptvJ+ptsrpoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqo qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppsptvJ+ptsrpoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovrtsqJ+tqvrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppsptvJ+ptsrpo

SI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqxtuJ+tpptvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovrtsq J+tqvrqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqxtuJ+tpptvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrtsqJ+ tqvrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppsptvJ+ptsrpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqxtuJ+tpptvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovostpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxovrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?142


psP[JttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pqMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]u.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUqqX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTptX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpqT[+OL.W[QpsP[Ȣpo\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]O[QL@jÄź]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrsrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovqxqwJ+tposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optsqv u 

ovttqrJ+upsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ovrwqwJ+rtrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xupupq qp rMJ

pptutvJ+pupxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotqtoxÄĄ

O^Ktutuv pq sMJ

otrsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpoqsÄĄoxqpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssspÄĄ

ǜžtqvsttu ps qMJ

oxqpsxÄĄposxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxsxÄĄpqqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppuqvsx qu pMJ

oprrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsorpÄĄpopwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwru(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqtox\Oj[LovqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqrprt u (

pqqqrpJ+pvqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovqxqwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sprpvtv po sMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovttqrJ+upsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<

QĂžTsqvssru pq pMJ

ovoxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxstrwÄĄppqxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortopwÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqqsspu s sMJ

otqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqououÄĄortopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lqqusrpx v rMJ

9^\T9S[\HposxquÄĄpprrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptttqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tuqvsx pq rMJ

oqrxquÄĄosoprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pqqqssJ+pvqrtvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pqqqssJ+pvqrtvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqxsrJ+tppqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqqqssJ+pvqrtvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovttpuJ+upsvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqxsrJ+tppqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqqqssJ+pvqrtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqxsrJ+tppqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovttpuJ+upsvtS I[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqxsrJ+tppqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pqqqssJ+pvqrtvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

ovttpuJ+upsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovrsqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osspoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?143


ptP[JttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;prMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]v.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUqrX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTpuX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHprT[+OL.W[QptP[Ȣpp\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqspqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ovtssvJ+upqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtuoo v 

MS<oprrtsJ+qoqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owtotvJ+wrqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpxrqw qq rMJ

opootqÄĄorpqrqQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqtrvÄĄovoxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktutwqo pq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqpquÄĄpootpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorposxÄĄ

ǜžtqwrost ps qMJ

ppttorÄĄoppvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvtv(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<owtotvJ+wrqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqtto v (

ovtssvJ+upqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxpuJ+rvpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]spspttu pp pMJ

\Oj[L<pppxtwJ+pssttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QĂžTsqwqrp pq pMJ

-X[ÄĄporvssÄĄopprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstsrÄĄporvss

Ç?Çłpqqtotq s sMJ

osswqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosswqpÄĄouqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqqusxrw v rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppuqsrw qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tuqsrw pq rMJ

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twqttqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprrsvJ+qoqoqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owtppoJ+wrqsqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtppoJ+

wrqsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprrsvJ+qoqoqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt

pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovtssoJ+

upqrvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprrsvJ+qoqoqtSI[+L[H <SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtppoJ+wrqsqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtssoJ+upqrvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owtppoJ+wrqsqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovtssoJ+upqrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprrsvJ+qoqoqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owtppoJ+wrqsqtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoututxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxowtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovroqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S55

M[\Ä?144


puP[JttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;psMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]w.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUqsX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTpvX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpsT[+OL.W[QpuP[Ȣpq\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<owtoqoJ+wrorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lortrpx w 

UH\PV[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owtoqoJ+wrorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

psxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotquotÄĄovoxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poprurv qr rMJ

-X[ÄĄossppvÄĄouqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtrouÄĄoxqpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktutspo pq sMJ

pprqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortustÄĄotqsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžtqxpsrx ps qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowsotpÄĄpopwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopwptÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvpu(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orprssJ+qsqxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqrrq w (

oxqwtoJ+soutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ppouoqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sptprtv pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄowoptsÄĄporvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopprrqÄĄoqtvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqxpqv pq pMJ

-X[ÄĄorpqsuÄĄortustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposwtwÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqqtvpw s sMJ

owoptsÄĄowtrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtrouÄĄowrvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqquttts v rMJ

ppttrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpoorÄĄporqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppuqpqv qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tuqpqv pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orprrvJ+qsqwtoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^L

H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<popsosJ+pptwsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[

KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LS MS<orprrvJ+qsqwtoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[

1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtopr J+wroqoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orprrvJ+

qsqwtoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<popsosJ+pptwsvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owtoprJ+wroqoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<popsosJ+

pptwsvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owtoprJ+wroqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<popsosJ+pptwsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxostwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqurq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?145


pvP[JttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ptMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]x.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUqtX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTpwX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHptT[+OL.W[QpvP[Ȣpr\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]QÄ°[;OH@jÄź]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtoxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<popqtpJ+ppttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losssst x 

9SGOO\Oj[L<popqtpJ+ppttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<pporrw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

psquvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsttpÄĄopprpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poprtvru qs rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqqwtwÄĄortvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupwqtÄĄ

O^Ktusrrx pq sMJ

oprqssÄĄoroxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqurrÄĄovorsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžtqxtvrs ps qMJ

-X[ÄĄosoqrsÄĄotqtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqurt(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Q[J[L<otpwstJ+qxsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqqro x (

J+ssqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<ppprooJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spupptx pp pMJ

S[\HowrursÄĄposwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpusxÄĄopssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqxrxtt pq pMJ

ovpopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqsquÄĄovowqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpqrrrs s sMJ

-X[ÄĄossvpqÄĄouqsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqsquÄĄovsvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lqqvqt v rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppupwpv qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tupwpv pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<otpwtxJ+qxsptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<poprouJ+pptuqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otpwtx J+qxsptSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otpwtxJ+qxsptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

poprouJ+pptuqqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poprouJ+pptuqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otpwtxJ+qxsptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppprtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqqru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqowoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?146


pwP[JttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;puMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]po.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUquX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTpxX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpuT[+OL.W[QpwP[Ȣps\ĆľT9J qv\X@S]MjT[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;X\QT \MH`MĂ­  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtrvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<pptvqqJ+pupttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqxsv po 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pptvqqJ+pupttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ppruovJ+ptqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLoupwswÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poquxq qt qMJ

otqvopÄĄoupwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppropÄĄoqosswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ktuqutr pq rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLossoovÄĄotrptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorprpsÄĄ

ǜžuorxqx ps rMJ

ppttqpÄĄoprqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvqsÄĄoqsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqttr(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJQ[J[L<ovsqtpJ+rtrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqorw po (

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ootuorJ+swspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]spvpos pp qMJ

oxsttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtptuÄĄoxqopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

QĂžTtopwqs pq qMJ

ovovsxÄĄovtptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpusrÄĄorprpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpqrxso s sMJ

ortvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwpuÄĄppttqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqvwpq v rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppuptu qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tuptu pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovsrotJ+rtsopoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppruooJ+ptqqqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovsrotJ+rtsopoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovsrotJ+rtsopoS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<pptvrvJ+pupuroSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovsrotJ+

rtsopoSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<pptvrvJ+pupuroSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VQ[J[L<ovsrotJ+rtsopoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pptvrvJ+pupuroSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppruooJ+

ptqqqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pptvrvJ+pupuroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovsrotJ+rtsopoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoustppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqospsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?147


pxP[JttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pvMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pp.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUqvX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTqoX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpvT[+OL.W[QpxP[Ȣpt\ĆľT9J qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optttsJ+qpppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louowtx pp 

Â&#x201E;SOH]9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optttsJ+qpppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pusuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvqxÄĄovpotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppwpso qu qMJ

-X[ÄĄpprqqsÄĄoqqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsvtoÄĄotrppr

O^Ktusv pq rMJ

oqqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroxorÄĄossttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtpo(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJS[\H<popvstJ+sqtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpurx pp (

<oqtwpqJ+trstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<pqpoosJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spwwpp pp qMJ

-X[ÄĄporvrxÄĄoppqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovowÄĄoxpxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtotuts pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtuowÄĄorsvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstoqÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqrptru s sMJ

ovosqsÄĄowspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporpruÄĄpptsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžupqoqp ps rMJ U\Lqqvpspt v rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppupptt qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tupptt pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<popwooJ+squpvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqoxtvJ+pusupoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<popwooJ+

squpvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<popwooJ+squpvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttsvJ+qppostSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttsvJ+qppostSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<

pqoxtvJ+pusupoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttsvJ+qppostSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<popwooJ+squpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovpsst

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqoopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqostrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?148


qoP[JttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pwMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUqwX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTqpX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpwT[+OL.W[QqoP[Ȣpu\ĆľT9J qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqurrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxovJ+qupvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousrqw pq 

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxovJ+qupvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pwpxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLowoqsuÄĄporvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqopttr qv qMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqqowÄĄovouquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpxpxÄĄpprqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kttrtsp pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpuroÄĄopoosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovossrÄĄ

ǜžuqow ps rMJ

ovstppÄĄoxowptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsqu(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<ootsouJ+swrspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loupoox pr (

<ostxtvJ+twswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<pqsvrvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spxuqo pp qMJ

-X[ÄĄoppqqvÄĄoqttspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvpwÄĄotrorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtprtqt pq qMJ

-X[ÄĄopstotÄĄorprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqqvÄĄoqosos

Ç?Çłpqrqpqq t pMJ

owspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprpsxÄĄorowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqqvqops v rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppuwss qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tuwss pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ootsqoJ+swrstqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqsvqxJ+pwpwtqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ootsqoJ+swrstqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ootsqoJ+ swrstqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ootsqoJ+swrstqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxooJ+qupvsoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqsvqxJ+pwpwtqt

SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxooJ+qupvsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ootsqoJ+swrstqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovposxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqootuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?149


qpP[JttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pxMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pr.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUqxX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTqqX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpxT[+OL.W[QqpP[Ȣpv\ĆľT9J qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ottvpvJ+rppqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovpsrq pr 

OO\Oj[L<ostwtxJ+twsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ottvpvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqqpuJ+pxsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqpwps p pMJ

orsustÄĄotqxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovotssÄĄoxpwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kttqs pq rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxpwtqÄĄposvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxouÄĄ

ǜžuqrwsu ps rMJ

pptstqÄĄoprpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsprwÄĄpopwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrsp(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<orqqroJ+tssspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovopro ps (

rppqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<outqoqJ+rqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;OT]sqosrp pp rMJ

otqwqrÄĄovppqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsuoqÄĄppqxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtqprtv pq qMJ

opstowÄĄotqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqorsqÄĄorsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpqrqutw t pMJ

pqqorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposvrvÄĄpprqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqqvquw v rMJ

9[TS[\HoqsoruÄĄosorsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pputrr qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tutrr pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orqqqrJ+tssrtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orqqqr J+tssrtqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< orqqqrJ+tssrtqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ottvpoJ+

rppptvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqqroJ+pxstpvtSI[+L[H O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottvpoJ+rppptvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orqqqrJ+ tssrtqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovoutr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owruotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?150


qqP[JttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qoMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ps.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUroX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTqrX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqoT[+OL.W[QqqP[Ȣpw\ĆľT9J qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovspotJ+rtrorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsrqw ps 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<outpopJ+rqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovspot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?OÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvpqJ+qostttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opsqsrt q pMJ

ovppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvrpÄĄoppptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Ktsqrtq pq rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorovrvÄĄosssotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosssotÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqtt(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<otrrrvJ+opotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtpqv pt (

J+rtrorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owqtsqJ+vqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqpqss pp rMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoosqÄĄorpsotQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqwtoÄĄ

QĂžTtqtqrp pq qMJ

oxsuosÄĄporvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpwqsÄĄpooqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpqrrqqr t pMJ

ouqorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptsopÄĄoppvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžurpups ps rMJ

U\Lqqvrptw v rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppuqqr qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tuqqr pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otrrtqJ+oppqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

otrrtqJ+oppqvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otrrtqJ+

oppqvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otrrtqJ+ oppqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovsotvJ+rtropvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outotsJ+rqtpoSI[+L[H

XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovsotvJ+rtropvtSI[+L[H\JL JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otrrtqJ+oppqvtS I[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowspqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opppqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovoqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoorqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?151


qrP[JttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qpMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pt.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUrpX[7LttP[SH]j\W\PTqsX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqpT[+OL.W[QqrP[Ȣpx\ĆľT9J qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvtuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<oxoqtrJ+rwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howppqu pt 

oxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<ovqpsrJ+srxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oxoqtrJ+rwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxrspqJ+popppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqurwpt q sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqxpvÄĄovpqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoworqqÄĄporvqw

O^Ktrspsx pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovswsxÄĄoxpvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpspvÄĄortwto

ǜžurtqqw ps sMJ

otqvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoworqqÄĄowtsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;ppttxpq qu pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopwpqÄĄpptsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxousvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqow(

.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<otrqtxJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowsotv pu (

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG;S\Oj[L<owqsssJ+vpwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Â&#x201E;OT]sqqotx pp rMJ

I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optupvJ+qpvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G

QĂžTtrrpu pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppprrÄĄoqtspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrvooÄĄoupxss

Ç?Çłpqrrvrw t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposvooÄĄpprprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortwtoÄĄ

U\Lqqvrvsr v rMJ

ovswsxÄĄowrrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsptsÄĄpopwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^tttxpq pq rMJ

poropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otrqtqJ+owtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optupoJ+qpvpqtSI[+L[H

O`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<ovqprtJ+srxrvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optupoJ+qpvpqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrqtqJ+owtvtS I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqprtJ+srxrvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otrqtqJ+owtvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otrqtqJ+owtvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxoqsuJ+rwtrsqt SI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqprtJ+srxrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxoqsuJ+

rwtrsqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(

\Oj[L<otrqtqJ+owtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H< oxoqsuJ+rwtrsqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<ovqprtJ+srxrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotpxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Loutxop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppssrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osotstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?152


qsP[JttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qqMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pu.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUpP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTqtX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqqT[+OL.W[QqsP[Ȣqo\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<oxtvqoJ+spwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howrxru pu 

\Oj[L<owspqpJ+vtvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opstpqJ+qorwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pxqpq r sMJ

posuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpttvÄĄopstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqxtpÄĄ

O^Ktqtust pq qMJ

oupwtsÄĄovorrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoproqvÄĄorouruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžusqvqt ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupwtsÄĄovsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosossqÄĄotqwqr

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpqp(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<ovqosrJ+srvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrpos pv (

oxrrrsJ+poxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxtvqoJ+spwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sqqtxpu pp rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsuovÄĄoppppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrqswÄĄ

QĂžTtsxsq pq rMJ

ortxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqpooÄĄovpqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpqrsqsq t pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotqxssÄĄovottrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossqstÄĄoupwts

U\Lqqvsrqs v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppttup qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tttup pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovqotvJ+srwqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owspptJ+vtvsqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqotvJ+srwqtS I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqotvJ+srwqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

owspptJ+vtvsqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<owspptJ+vtvsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqotv J+srwqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxtvprJ+spwsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

oxtvprJ+spwsqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ \JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqotvJ+srwqtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtvprJ+spwsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<owspptJ+vtvsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oporrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotptsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Louttot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppsorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opstpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?153


qtP[JttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\ÊM^S[ŕrvsx9T½[ŕ„WgSquP[J>[ŃqrMijL[PQ[X[tvoU9[ŕvot\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pv.;ƆuswO[+T[bJUqP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTquX[7Ltvo…QcHqrT[+OL.W[QqtP[Ȣqp\ƵT9Jqv \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwtoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ S[\H<poqprqJ+sqwqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxoxow pv 

\Oj[L<oxrosuJ+pooqqt„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;OÅ„O\LSMS<opposrJ+pxppqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9pqprwtr s sMJ

oxputu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLotropoġouqpqq„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Ktqxrv pq qMJ

pqptswġorpssp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrtsoġotqutq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾utpr ps sMJ

pptsov„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptsovġoproou„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqorr(

LOQ]LíÊ„S[\XG]\Oj[L<owsosrJ+vtuqqt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqqsv pw (

poprpsJ+ppsvso„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOS[\H<poqprqJ+sqwqt„Mj[

„OT]sqrtvrt pp sMJ

\W\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLouqpqqġoxsuow„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsvqxġ

QþTtsswqo pq rMJ

oppotsġoqoqou„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovoqsuġovsvqx„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzpqrsvru t pMJ

9^\T9S[\Horpsspġortxqs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwowġ

U\Lqqvswuo v rMJ

oppvpwġoqspow„Mj[(

S[ȉppttqto qu pMJ „9H^tttqto pq rMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<owsotwJ+vtvSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTS JU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<poqpqsJ+sqwtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L -bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oxrorxJ+

pootSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L <owsotwJ+vtvSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ S[\H<poqpqsJ+ sqwtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpspt

pvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<owsotwJ+vtvSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L <oxrorxJ+pootSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S „O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owsotwJ+vtvSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxrorxJ+pootSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„Ig Q[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<poqpqsJ+sqwtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsotwJ+vtvSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<poqpqsJ+sqwtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT

/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxrorxJ+pootSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loupvrx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowqxrt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lposqro„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqtxrs„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orprsq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotpptp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Loutppo„Mj[( Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owqoqp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxtprx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpprusq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsppv„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvts„Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\ď154


quP[JttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qsMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pw.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUrP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTqvX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqsT[+OL.W[QquP[Ȣqq\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<popsqsJ+spsxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxspqo pw 

oxsxtuJ+posvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<poqprv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<pqpqovJ+pusrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qsrov t sMJ

S[\HovoqooÄĄoxpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprotoÄĄoqroosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktpqpqt pq qMJ

orsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstptÄĄoqroosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžutrrpw ps sMJ

9[TS[\HpoqxpsÄĄpptrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxss(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oxroqxJ+xtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppputt px (

J+pqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<popsqsJ+spsxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]sqstttv pp sMJ

\JLotrorvÄĄovpqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvptÄĄopporsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTttqutw pq rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsrtrÄĄotquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtqsvÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqrtqpx t pMJ

orotrrÄĄosspqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovouquÄĄowsqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqvtsrp v rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pptsxrx qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttsxrx pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxrossJ+poopvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxtopoJ+posvsvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrossJ+

poopvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrossJ+poopvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtopoJ+posvsvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxtopoJ+posvsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxtopoJ+posvsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/S[\H<popspvJ+spsxpoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxrossJ+poopvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<popspvJ+spsxpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxtopoJ+posvsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?155


qvP[JttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qtMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]px.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUsP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTqwX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqtT[+OL.W[QqvP[Ȣqr\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxssO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxrvqsJ+sopttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopvrx px 

\Oj[L<oxsorxJ+poqruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxovtrJ+xqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpvruts u sMJ

wsxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLowosouÄĄporvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktorrpq pq qMJ

S[\HoupuqoÄĄovoppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpttsÄĄpprortÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžuusu ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqptqxÄĄopooqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovousrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pptsuqx qu pMJ

ovsoroÄĄoxosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwts(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<oxtoooJ+posvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqprtq qo (

oxtxsrJ+ppppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxrvqsJ+sopttqt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqttsqo pp sMJ

\Oj[L<posxqsJ+prpttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<oxoqtoJ+

QĂžTtutrw pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄoppoprÄĄoqtqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrpvÄĄotqtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Ç?Çłpqrtutp t pMJ

-X[ÄĄopstpuÄĄorptorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppoprÄĄoqopps

U\Lqqvtxtw v rMJ

owsqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqxqpÄĄorotopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^ttsuqx pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxtoptJ+posvuoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxoqssJ+wsxpqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxsorp J+poqrsoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L  Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[  \Oj[L<oxtoptJ+posvuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oxoqssJ+wsxpqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpx

qpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtoptJ+posvuoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oxsorpJ+poqrsoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxtoptJ+posvuoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

oxrvpvJ+soptrtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxtoptJ+posvuoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxrvpvJ+soptrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsorpJ+poqrsoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouoxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orottpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotortxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?156


qwP[JttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;quMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qo.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUtP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTqxX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHquT[+OL.W[QqwP[Ȣqs\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]/\Ĺ S[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotropoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrqspJ+rvrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotxrw qo 

<oxotswJ+wttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGOO\Oj[L<oxowpw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovtorrJ+tsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rotxqw v sMJ

I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotrpqxÄĄovprqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsuowÄĄ

O^Ksqxsup pq pMJ

oxptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstpuÄĄotropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžuurrqt ps sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwooÄĄpqpwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpostqpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pptsrpw qu pMJ

owsqqxÄĄpopvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsproÄĄosottoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwor(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<oxsposJ+poqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprpr qp (

J+xrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrqspJ+rvrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]squtqsu pq pMJ

<oxorpvJ+wtortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<outtqxJ+rroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtusspx pq sMJ

ppqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqsoÄĄotqsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovooquÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqsppq t pMJ

oqooswÄĄorsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxptqrÄĄpostqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqwtqo v rMJ

ppropxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrqwÄĄopqwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^ttsrpw pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxsotwJ+poqssvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxotsoJ+wttqvtSI[+L[H99­C

S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ

\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxorpoJ+wtopvtSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oxsotwJ+poqssvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxotsoJ+wttqvtS I[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsotwJ+

poqssvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxotsoJ+wttqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxsotwJ+poqssvtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrqrsJ+rvrrsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrqrsJ+

rvrrsvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxorpoJ+wtopvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsotwJ+poqssvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrqrsJ+rvrrsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxotsoJ+wttqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouottqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oropttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotooosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?157


qxP[JttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qvMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUuP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTroX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqvT[+OL.W[QqxP[Ȣqt\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrorvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovorqwJ+rrsxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppswrw qp 

M^V½[\Oj[L<oxoupsJ+wtutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<owowrv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovorqwJ+rrsxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpsrvpq w sMJ

rrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<osroovJ+tvqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­

O^Ksqxotp pq pMJ

ovprruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporutxÄĄopoxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžuvppo pt pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorortsÄĄosrxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrxpsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvpq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrptt\Oj[LoxsuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqprqx qq (

J+urpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovtotxJ+tswst

Â&#x201E;OT]sqvtpps pq pMJ

ouporqJ+prurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<outupvJ+

QĂžTtvqrq pq sMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxtuÄĄorptorQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrpttÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqstqq t pMJ

oxsuowÄĄporutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpsssÄĄoxtxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqwporu v rMJ

oupsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptqqqÄĄoppusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptsov qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttsov pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxououJ+wturqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owowroJ+urpqvtSI[+L[H

99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[ @Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<outuoxJ+rrpsoSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oxououJ+wturqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owowroJ+urpqvtS I[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxououJ+wturqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owowroJ+

urpqvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovorqoJ+ rrsxrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovorqoJ+rrsxrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outuoxJ+rrpsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< oxououJ+wturqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ovorqoJ+rrsxrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouoptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?158


roP[JttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qwMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUvP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTrpX[7LtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqwT[+OL.W[QroP[Ȣqu\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrporO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otpsotJ+qxptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqstps qq 

<outspoJ+rqsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<ouppqp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ospqtrJ+tuspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqwqwso x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotrqqpÄĄovprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqwpwso pq pMJ

osrqpoÄĄouprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsrtuÄĄoxpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžuvqvpx pt pMJ

-X[ÄĄosooqpÄĄotrorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowosrvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pptrutu qu pMJ

owsqspÄĄpopvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvtoÄĄpptrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuqo(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<owoxqtJ+urrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorpqpv qr (

J+prwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otpsotJ+qxptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqwsxst pq pMJ

osrotrJ+tvqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<opsxrwJ+tosrpqt

QĂžTtwpsu pq sMJ

owosrvÄĄporutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxowÄĄoqtorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqsxqp t pMJ

orptprÄĄosooqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpossqvÄĄppqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lqqwptsw v rMJ

owttqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsrtuÄĄowqxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^ttrutu pq rMJ

9[TS[\HoxoqtsÄĄpoqvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owoxpwJ+urrqvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<outsosJ+rqspvtS

I[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;

H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oupprsJ+prxvtS

I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<owoxpwJ+urrqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< owoxpwJ+urrqvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outsosJ+rqspvtS I[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owoxpwJ+urrqvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outsosJ+rqspvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otprtxJ+qxptpoS I[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oupprsJ+prxvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owoxpwJ+urrqvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otprtxJ+qxptpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<outsosJ+rqspvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowoxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?159


rpP[JttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qr.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUwP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTpP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqxT[+OL.W[QrpP[Ȣqv\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]\OÇ&#x2C6;9Q­[M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orowtqJ+qsppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opswrr

M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<otquorJ+txsrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qsppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<oqopprJ+tpppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spqrpss po sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsuouÄĄopowsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqwqtÄĄ

O^Ksqvsopx pq pMJ

osoorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqrquÄĄovpsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžuvtpsw pt pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotrqsuÄĄovovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrvsuÄĄoupqsu

S[Č&#x2030;pptrrst qu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptqv(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<outstwJ+rqurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losovpr qs (

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osprspJ+tusrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orowtq

Â&#x201E;OT]sqxswpv pq pMJ

I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½S[\H<potvruJ+srrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

QĂžTtwsorp pq sMJ

possotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsrpÄĄopsstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqropoÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqsprw t pMJ

oupqsuÄĄoutvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvsuÄĄoroqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqwqott v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupqsuÄĄovrvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoupuÄĄotrpor

Â&#x201E;9H^ttrrst pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<outstpJ+rquptSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otqupvJ+txsrsvtSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

outstpJ+rquptSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outstpJ+rquptSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpv pxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otqupvJ+txsrsvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outstpJ+rquptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otqupvJ+txsrsvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orowstJ+qsouoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<outstpJ+rquptSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orowstJ+qsouoSI[+L[HM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqupvJ+

txsrsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowouooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpopwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosswpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?160


p.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;roMÄłL[PQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qs.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUxP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTqP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHroT[+OL.W[Qp.\XȤqw\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpP[JttQ[\S uswwqr I[+>[ J+pqqqqt <poqoSWQj  QX[Tj[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;T\QT

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<pqtqowJ+pwpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqtupo

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ortoooJ+ttspuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGL[;\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPQ[J[L<ovtvpwJ+rupqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9squsrsq pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvsuÄĄoxtwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpspxÄĄopsstu

O^Ksqvurp pq pMJ

otqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrospÄĄotqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžuwpsrq pt pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpptqrpÄĄopqvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppurvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsrs(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<otqvppJ+txsuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qs O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostutu qt (

<pqtqowJ+pwpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜS[\H<ppsorpJ+stpxqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]tosutq pq qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouqrsuÄĄowttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvswÄĄorsoov

QĂžTtxpxpw pq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroptÄĄotrpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrospÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqspust t pMJ

orptrrÄĄosootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvspÄĄpptqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqwqttv v rMJ

oqsprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptrors qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttrors pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pqtqoqJ+pwpwpoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<orsxtqJ+ttspsoSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

pqtqoqJ+pwpwpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orsxtqJ+ttspsoSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt

pvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orsxtqJ+ttspsoSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqvsoJ+pqpupoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL \OÇłX[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orsxtq

J+ttspsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poqvsoJ+pqpupoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/ \Oj[L<pqtqoqJ+pwpwpoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqvsoJ+pqpupoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqtqoqJ+pwpwpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

orsxtqJ+ttspsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<poqvsoJ+pqpupoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowoqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpopstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opprsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orroqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S55

M[\Ä?161


q.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qt.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUpoP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTrP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qq.\XȤqx\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]Â&#x201E;QS[Q[X[SMjT[\JL

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqqpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<poqwrtJ+pqpwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osotpp

\Oj[L<oqoxtwJ+tprotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owopsqJ+upopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpppqr pr pMJ

otrrrvÄĄovpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowttrsÄĄppqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ksqurvtq pp sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtwÄĄorrxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssttÄĄ

ǜžuwrtqx pt pMJ

ovowpvÄĄowsqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqupvÄĄpptpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprso(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<owopsqJ+upopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[

qt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotspqx qu (

poqwrtJ+pqpwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxptowJ+rxpsto

Â&#x201E;OT]tpstqx pq qMJ

ǜžQ[J[L<ostqsqJ+qwpwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtxtwt pq sMJ

owqvovÄĄppqwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqropxÄĄorptsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpqsqopo t pMJ

oqropxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroprtÄĄosruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqwrotr v rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pptqvqs qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttqvqs pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oqpopqJ+tprpqvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< oqpopqJ+tprpqvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqwswJ+pqpwuoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqpopqJ+tprpqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owoptuJ+uposvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L <poqwswJ+pqpwuoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqwswJ+pqpwuoSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owoptuJ+uposvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< poqwswJ+pqpwuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqpopqJ+tprpqvtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owoptuJ+ uposvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LossoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppotpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?162


r.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qu.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUppP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTsP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qr.\XȤp\ĆľT9Jqv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owoqtoJ+uprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otprqt

oorpqsJ+svqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owoqtoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<otrwqvJ+oppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqtqpqp ps pMJ

ouqsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpstoÄĄppquswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowquqvÄĄ

O^Ksqupstp pp sMJ

orpttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossutpÄĄotrqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžuwtsrs pt pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqprtsÄĄpqtxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovowrqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pptqspr qu pMJ

ovrtpuÄĄoxoorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqsu(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<otrwqvJ+oppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<

qu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqpts qv (

uprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<outoouJ+rrpppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tqssw pq qMJ

opsvqoJ+qorspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrsoqÄĄ

QĂžTtporutt pr pMJ

oxpptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtvquÄĄpqprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsstrÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqsqrqr t pMJ

ouoxtxÄĄowquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovruÄĄoptwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqwrtss v rMJ

owsropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopquroÄĄoropooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^ttqspr pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvpsJ+qorsqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oorppuJ+svqrtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvpsJ+

qorsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqo qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oorppuJ+svqrtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oworosJ+uprrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oworosJ+uprrvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrwsqJ+oppsoS I[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oworosJ+uprrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oorppuJ+svqrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otrwsqJ+ oppsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouptsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovsstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppoppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opottrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?163


s.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;rJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qv.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUpqP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTtP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHrÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qs.\XȤq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrpqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<otrxrvJ+oprtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqoor qw 

potwrrJ+srrppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG;S\Oj[L<otrxrvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<orqqquJ+tsqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uxsoq pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrsqvÄĄouqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqttvto pp sMJ

outsrvÄĄovsopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxppqqÄĄorpuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžuxppsr pt pMJ

osqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqurtÄĄpqputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;pptqpq qu pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsrouÄĄpopvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsptoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupptp(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<orqqquJ+tsqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loutxsu qw (

oprtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osqxsuJ+qvpxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]trsqsx pq rMJ

posstqJ+pqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ovswowJ+trspqt

QĂžTtppptst pr pMJ

ovptosÄĄowotqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporupvÄĄopovpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpqsquqt t pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqsstÄĄovptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoptvroÄĄ

U\Lqqwsoro v rMJ

posqrqÄĄppqwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptpssÄĄopquosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^ttqpq pq rMJ

osovpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9S[\H<potwswJ+srrpttSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<potwswJ+srrpttSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otrxqxJ+oprrvtS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L S[\H<potwswJ+srrpttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orqqspJ+tsrortSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<potwswJ+srrpttSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrxqxJ+oprrvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orqqspJ+

tsrortSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrxqxJ+oprrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<potwswJ+srrpttSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orqqspJ+tsrortSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoorpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovspoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?164


t.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;tJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qw.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUprP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTuP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHtÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qt.\XȤr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrrvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oppwpvJ+sxpwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqoor qw 

OOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpxowJ+qptpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oppwpv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<otoqrsJ+twrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqrtrtv pu qMJ

S[\HoutrstÄĄoxtuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqwÄĄorpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqtsvo pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxposvÄĄoxtuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqtxsvÄĄ

ǜžuxqutr pt pMJ

pptorwÄĄoppupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupott(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[S[\H<oxrurrJ+sotptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loutxsu qw (

J+sxpwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ovswtrJ+trut

Â&#x201E;OT]tssprr pq rMJ

\JLotrstqÄĄovptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptvooÄĄorrvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTtpptsrv pr pMJ

-X[ÄĄosoptpÄĄotrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsttuÄĄporuox

Ç?Çłpqsqxpt t pMJ

osrrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrrtuÄĄouowotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqqwstpp v rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pptpvtp qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttpvtp pq rMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<oxruqsJ+sostqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H<oxruqsJ+sostqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxruqsJ+sostqtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspu

pwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxruqsJ+sostqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppwppJ+

sxpwpvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxruqsJ+sostqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oppwppJ+sxpwpvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovswsvJ+trttoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxruqsJ+sostqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oppwppJ+ sxpwpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotrsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqroqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxowqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H pqtworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?165


u.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;uJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUpsP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTvP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHuÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qu.\XȤs\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]J_;­[M^@[SÂ&#x201E;OTVĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsoqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<pproooJ+sssvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovqtqr qx 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pqqqpqJ+putwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<oqrosrJ+tqpwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vvtxsx pv qMJ

oxsttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuptÄĄorrustÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqutqÄĄ

O^Ksqtsqqx pp sMJ

orpupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoqotÄĄotrrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžuxrxuo pt pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowsrpsÄĄpopvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvprÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxtx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owroooJ+rvpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrusu qx (

pproooJ+sssvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<otorqoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ttsopx pq rMJ

.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtpuÄĄouqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptrpÄĄ

QĂžTtpqrrrp pr pMJ

ouovovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqtrÄĄoxtttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprptÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqsrpts t pMJ

owotrxÄĄowttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrwrxÄĄowqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqwsxsu v rMJ

pptppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowtwstÄĄpoqsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptpsso qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttpsso pq rMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<porwqtJ+ pqrwtqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxtpJ+rvpvqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxtpJ+

rvpvqvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[ <owqxtpJ+rvpvqvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppqxtpJ+sssvqvtSI[+L[H<S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<ppqxtpJ+sssvqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppqxtpJ+ sssvqvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<pqqqosJ+putwSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxtpJ+

rvpvqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<ppqxtpJ+sssvqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqpqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouortxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovrrpp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxosqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?166


v.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;vJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro.;Ć&#x2020;uswO[+T[bJUptP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTwP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHvÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qv.\XȤt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv \X@S];HOX[\LOS

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<pooqrsJ+spwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowropt ro 

;S\Oj[L<posrrtJ+pqtosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<pooqrsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<ooptstJ+susopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqptssw pw qMJ

pqpttuÄĄorruorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosquotÄĄououoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ksqtsspx pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqtsrÄĄovptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HououoxÄĄ

ǜžuxtpo pt pMJ

otrtspÄĄovoxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrqqoÄĄououoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxoq(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Q[J[L<ovsqtqJ+rtpwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howpsrs ro (

spwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxqvrxJ+xrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]turxv pq rMJ

\JLotrtspÄĄouqtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptstÄĄoxsttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtprpqqt pr pMJ

pqtwtrÄĄoqroruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqroruÄĄorpuqv

Ç?Çłpqsrsqo t pMJ

outqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqssrÄĄoqtwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqwtspt v rMJ

ououoxÄĄovrqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoworÄĄotrsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptppro qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttppro pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovsrouJ+rtpxrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<ovsrouJ+rtpxrtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9 S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovsrou J+rtpxrtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<pooqqvJ+spvtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pooqqvJ+

spvtvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<posrtoJ+pqtpqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovsrouJ+rtpxrtS I[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<

pooqqvJ+spvtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouoooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqxpt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxoorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpostruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orousuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?167


w.\LjLttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\ÊM^S[ŕrvsx9T½[ŕ„WgSx.\LjL>[ŃwJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[ŕvot\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]rp.;ƆuswO[+T[bJUpuP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTxP[Jtvo…QcHw„QS[.W[Qw.\XȤu\ƵTXĉqv \X@S]J_;­[ƆQ]QX[-ƆQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrstqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ „Wń[<owtxruJ+rwqxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrtqs rp 

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oxqwoqJ+xsotqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„Wń[<owtxru

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„9gTO„R[;„WgP[;½S[\H<poqoruJ+sptqpvt„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL

„@[T[9wtrurt px qMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howqroqġoxtstu„Mj[-X[ġpqpqsvġopsssp

O^Ksqttqqt pp sMJ

otptps„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqtpwġotptps„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ƕ¾uxtxto pt pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpptorwġopqspu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoppttwġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louowot(

LOQ]LíÊQ_T[Q[J[L<ovpxtqJ+rsqoqvt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtssu rp (

J+rwqxsvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owrwqpJ+vrtso„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]tvrvtv pq sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouquoqġowtttp„Mj[-X[ġpqptruġorrtqp

QþTtprtpqp pr qMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoqrorxġotrsqv„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosqtpwġ

Ǐdzpqsrurt t pMJ

orpuruġosoqrr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvooġpptorw„Mj[(

U\Lqqwtwso v rMJ

oqsqow„Mj[(

S[ȉpptwpx qu pMJ „9H^ttwpx pq rMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[@ʼnQ[J[L<ovqoovJ+rsqptSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<

ovqoovJ+rsqptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<ovqoovJ+rsqptSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„Wń[<

owtxqwJ+rwqxqvtSI[+L[H\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/„Wń[<owtxqwJ+

rwqxqvtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxqvttJ+xsortSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqoovJ+rsqptSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owtxqwJ+rwqxqvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovrsrq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxsvqv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpqosrp„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[oqpwso„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lospusw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lottuou„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqtpx

„Mj[(„QVS[\UH„WŁ[owturu„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpospso„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqsupt„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroqto„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpwsp„Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\ď168


x.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;xJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUpvP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTpoP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qx.\XȤv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqssrJ+rvprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpospor p 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owrwqsJ+vrtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvsuJ+rvtxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpxrrp qo qMJ

ppqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqqpxÄĄppquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrospÄĄ

O^Ksquurx pp sMJ

opssrwÄĄoqrospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqtvpuÄĄosrossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžupouqt pt qMJ

ppsxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovov(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Q[J[L<ovqspsJ+rsroqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxrwsw p (

owqssrJ+rvprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owpwrvJ+ustpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]twruto pq sMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotruroÄĄovpuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtttrÄĄ

QĂžTtpsropx pr qMJ

orpussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqssswÄĄorrsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpqsrwrw t pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLovoxtvÄĄowsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqrpqÄĄ

U\Lqqxqtw v rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppttw qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tttw pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ovqsovJ+rsrotSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owpwroJ+ustSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpwroJ+ustS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovqsovJ+rsrotSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovqsovJ+rsrotSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsruJ+rvppvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ovqsovJ+rsrotSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owqsruJ+rvppvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrwpwJ+vrtrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovqsovJ+rsrotSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsruJ+rvppvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqoortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovqpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqsqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?169


po.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;poJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUpwP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTppP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpoÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpo.\XȤw \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv\X@S]J_;­[M^@[T\QTÂ&#x201E;Jg.T[\LĂ&#x2DC;]S[Q>Ĺ&#x192;S\O@bj[¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqootJ+ruswtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsuqw q 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owpwpwJ+ussroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqoot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<ovrxoqJ+rtuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqpssu qp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqprvÄĄoxovstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtrtsÄĄpqpqpw

O^Ksququtq pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HouorpqÄĄowqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžupoposs pt qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovpoppÄĄowsrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqrqoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lououox(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[Q[J[L<ovtvstJ+rttrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoqvrr q (

J+ruswtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owqxswJ+vpqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]txrtst pq sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrutsÄĄouqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpuqsÄĄppqtpo

QĂžTtptxpw pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssrtÄĄorputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxowÄĄotrtpu

Ç?Çłpqssoqx t pMJ

oposspÄĄoptsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqpwÄĄpqtwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqxvpp v rMJ

oqturvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovqxsrÄĄowtuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptptv qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttptv pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovtwooJ+rttrstSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ovtwooJ+rttrstSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

Q[J[L<ovtwooJ+rttrstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovtwoo J+rttrstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxtwJ+ruswsoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owpwpoJ+

usspoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovtwooJ+

rttrstSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxtwJ+ruswsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqposvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosowtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovpvqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?170


pp.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;ppJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUpxP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTpqP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHppÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpp.\XȤx \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv\X@S]Â&#x201E;9Sb9S[H[=[\L QÄžX[LJ[bQ[JS[jLP\WH^T[j[+Â&#x201E;T[Tj[WX(Ă&#x2018;J]MbÄźĂ&#x2018;RÄ&#x201E;[\QLbQ[-LÄź[jÂ&#x201E;OKbW((  Ă&#x2DC;]M[U[Ăš^U[59[JU]Ă&#x2DC;]S[QPSH\QTL\LjQSM[\T\LjQbWO[9[M9SM[\T-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsusvJ+rvtssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqsxtr r 

K\LĆ&#x160;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owqxovJ+vporqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<outsotJ+rrpqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xptpopw qq qMJ

owoupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportpuÄĄoposptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouswquÄĄ

O^Ksqutqsx pq pMJ

ouqutvÄĄovpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoptrtsÄĄosqqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžupopqsq pt qMJ

ppqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxstÄĄopqqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louotpo(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[S[\H<oxoqptJ+rwrrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqpoq r (

owsusvJ+rvtssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxpptxJ+wtusqt

Â&#x201E;OT]tporssq pr pMJ

K`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvpwÄĄouqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpurvÄĄ

QĂžTtptswpw pr qMJ

ovrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxovowÄĄorputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłpqssqw t pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsttÄĄpqpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HporxruÄĄ

U\Lqqxpppw v rMJ

owsrrpÄĄpopurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsqpxÄĄosoxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppstwsu qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tstwsu pq rMJ

ǜžO\ž/H/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqqtvJ+ pxqtvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<oxoqowJ+rwrrtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[

O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxoqowJ+ rwrrtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[

N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsurwJ+rvtsqoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LS[\H<oxoqowJ+rwrrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsurwJ+rvtsqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsurwJ+rvtsqoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

owqxqqJ+vpppoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsurwJ+rvtsqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<

oxoqowJ+rwrrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosotooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovprrp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?171


pq.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pqJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUqoP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTprP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpq.\XȤpo \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;9[SO[\LS0J0Ç&#x161;T.RX[O9S[0J Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ S[\H<oxssorJ+soputqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxou s 

K\LĆ&#x160;[S[\H<porttrJ+sqquqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HQ[J[L<ourrptJ+rqpxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqvtott qr qMJ

orrqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousvrqÄĄoxtqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppsxÄĄ

O^Ksqvqspw pq pMJ

oxstrqÄĄportouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxourpÄĄoxtqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžupopqpv pt qMJ

ouoppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppswrxÄĄopptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louospp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrvsq\Oj[LoxstrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqpwou s (

oxpppwJ+wtsuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxssorJ+soputqt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpprrsq pr pMJ

U_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvsqÄĄovputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptrqqÄĄ

QĂžTtpuqvqo pr qMJ

orpvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosorquÄĄotruotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpqssrrt t pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoqttqoÄĄosqwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosqwpuÄĄ

U\Lqqxptpx v rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppsttru qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tsttru pq rMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ourrowJ+rqpxrtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<portstJ+sqquvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ourrowJ+ rqpxrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<portstJ+sqquvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspu pvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxsrttJ+sopurqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<portstJ+

sqquvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H< oxsrttJ+sopurqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxsrttJ+sopurqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

oxpprpJ+wttrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ S[\H<oxsrttJ+sopurqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosopotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovoxru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqroroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?172


pr.\LjLttQ[\S/bS/tw\ÊM^S[ŕrvsx9T½[ŕ„WgSps.\LjL>[ŃprJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[ŕvot\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]t„WbŋǃSuswO[+T[bJUqpP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTpsP[Jtvo…QcHpr„QS[.W[Qpr.\XȤpp\ƵTXĉ qv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrutsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<ppowspJ+srsvqvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oqsqqp t 

M_O­P[ÍMJ9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<poqqtwJ+pptrpo„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

ourrrxJ+rqpxtqt„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwouġ

„@[T[9popopwps qs qMJ

orrpsv„Mj[-X[ġosqpptġouoopq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Housurvġ

O^Ksqwpp pq pMJ

otruro„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowourpġowtttx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ƕ¾upoxqw pt qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopuqrġppsxox„Mj[(9[TS[\Howtspuġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louorpq(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊUH\PV[\Oj[L<oortsxJ+svqspvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oppuss t (

S[\H<ppowspJ+srsvqvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;U_TQ[J[L<

„OT]tpqrqss pr pMJ

ouqvrs„Mj[-X[ġovpvoqġoxstqw„Mj[-X[ġpqprtrġ

QþTtpvuqs pr rMJ

oxtqpw„Mj[-X[ġpqpprrġorpvps„Mj[-X[ġosorrxġ

Ǐdzpqsssto t pMJ

ovrroqġowpxqw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsrrvġpopuqr„Mj[(

U\Lqqxpxpt v rMJ

poqppx„Mj[(

S[ȉppstqqt qu pMJ „9H^tstqqt pq rMJ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oortsqJ+svqruoSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<

oortsqJ+svqruoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <S

W[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<ppowttJ+srswqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oortsqJ+svqruoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L< oortsqJ+svqruoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppowttJ+srswqtSI[+L[H

W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT

/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<poqqtpJ+pptqtqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT

/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<ppowttJ+srswqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oortsqJ+svqruoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovpstr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxqvsw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lppsstq„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[optxoo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[ortvow„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotruqw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovotso

„Mj[(„QVS[\UH„WŁ[owrutv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpoqqoo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqqurt„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsrpq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxoq„Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\ď173


ps.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;psJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUqqP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTptP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qps.\XȤpq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oottrwJ+swpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorqxop u 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<pptxovJ+pttqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

outpqoJ+rrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwqxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqqrsqx qt pMJ

orrporÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqoquÄĄottxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtvsxÄĄ

O^Ksqwsqsr pq pMJ

\JLouqvtqÄĄovpvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HottxpqÄĄoustsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžupospp pt qMJ

ovppotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosquruÄĄottxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HottxpqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqpq(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oqtuptJ+trpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqpsts u (

\Oj[L<oottrwJ+swpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]tprrpsw pr qMJ

ouqvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpvptÄĄoxstqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprrqÄĄ

QĂžTtpvstqx pr rMJ

oqrotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrotoÄĄorpvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ç?Çłpqssttq t pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqpquÄĄoqtsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrwqxÄĄ

U\Lqqxqrs v rMJ

ovquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoxspÄĄotrutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppssxps qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tssxps pq rMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oottrpJ+swpqrtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqtuowJ+trpsvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X

9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oottrpJ+swpqrtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqo qqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqtuowJ+trpsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqtuowJ+trpsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqtuowJ+trpsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oottrpJ+swpqrtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

pptxqpJ+pttrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oottrpJ+swpqrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqtuow J+trpsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opttosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovopsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?174


pt.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;ptJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUqrP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTpuP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHptÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpt.\XȤpr \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv\X@S]TĂ­]M_\G­Q[U[SJM_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O[\Ĺť9]@jÄź]Â&#x201E;9[@[;S]Ă&#x201C;H9[\ĥ­9Ć&#x;[L-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<oqtupvJ+trprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losoxrs v 

Â&#x201E;SOH]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsooJ+qorwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rsputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLouqwpoÄĄowtuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppssqrr qu pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpporÄĄopssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrotqÄĄotrvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksqxqxv pq pMJ

otowtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpvqwÄĄososotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžuxtuqv pt pMJ

9[TS[\HopptowÄĄoqsqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoppq(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<otqxpuJ+txrttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orpppq v (

<oqtupvJ+trprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Q[J[L<ovqpptJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpsrott pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqprppÄĄorropxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpwooÄĄoxtpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtpwqsrt pr rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLospxruÄĄotowtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLospxruÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqssusq t pMJ

popuovÄĄppswrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswrqÄĄopqotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqxqusw v rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppssur qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tssur pq rMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otqxpoJ+txrtsqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqtupoJ+trprpqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otqxpoJ+

txrtsqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqtupoJ+trprpqtSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqxpoJ+txrtsqtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/ \Oj[L<oqtupoJ+trprpqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrtqJ+qorwqvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< oqtupoJ+trprpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otqxpoJ+txrtsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutvsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?175


pu.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;puJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUqsP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTpvP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpuÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpu.\XȤps \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<otoptvJ+twqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losstov w 

Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<owoupuJ+uvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OQ[J[L<ovturrJ+rtsspo

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppustrx qv pMJ

owtuorÄĄppqrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpvpuÄĄppqsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktopxtw pq qMJ

9^\T9S[\HopssppÄĄoqrotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqtqsqÄĄ

ǜžuxsups pt pMJ

popxtqÄĄppsvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoopq(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<otqwpsJ+txrrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osotov w (

MS<ortwrtJ+qtsxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otoptvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tptros pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxpvÄĄovpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtpxrsr pr rMJ

oqrotrÄĄorpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsoqsÄĄorqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpqssvqo t pMJ

osqstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpprpÄĄowsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqqxroqt v rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppssqtq qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tssqtq pq rMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owoupoJ+uvpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwqxJ+qtswuoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owoupoJ+uvpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owoupo J+uvpqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LK[L9[M[\LS

\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otoptpJ+twquqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owoupoJ+uvpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otoptpJ+twquqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

otoptpJ+twquqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwqxJ+qtswuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otoptpJ+twquqtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owoupoJ+uvpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovorouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutrtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?176


pv.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUqtP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTpwP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpvÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpv.\XȤpt \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<otoorrJ+twqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotputv x 

<owostqJ+urtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otoorr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovoqrtJ+rqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqwsvpv qv sMJ

ouqwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpvtrÄĄppqrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpurqÄĄ

O^Ktppstw pq qMJ

orpvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostppwÄĄotrwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžuxrrrr pt pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqporpÄĄpqtvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovppssÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppsrxsq qu pMJ

ovqrtrÄĄowtprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottxpq(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<ovoqrtJ+rqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ostutq x (

J+twqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ouoqtoJ+rotwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tpuqxpt pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrosvJ+rvwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxspÄĄ

QĂžTtpxsqtq pr rMJ

oxorqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtoowÄĄpqporpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssovÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqssvsu t pMJ

ottuoxÄĄowpurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoprsÄĄoptorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqxrrtv v rMJ

owsrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoppxtwÄĄoqtqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tsrxsq pq rMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owotovJ+usrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<porvoqJ+pqqrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owotovJ+usrtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owotovJ+usrtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<porvoqJ+pqqrqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owotovJ+usrtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

ovoqqxJ+rqvSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovoqqxJ+rqvSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owotovJ+usrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovoqqxJ+rqvSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porvoqJ+pqqrqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoutxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LousxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpooupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?177


pw.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUquP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTpxP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpvÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpw.\XȤpu \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwtrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovopppJ+rqrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotsuqo po 

<portssJ+pqqovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG;S\Oj[L<ovopppJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owswtoJ+vtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opototx p sMJ

ouqxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwotÄĄowovotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsouÄĄ

O^Ktqprts pq qMJ

orpvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqxotÄĄovpwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžuxpwqs pt pMJ

9^\T9S[\HporuqwÄĄppqrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvruÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppsrurp qu pMJ

oqsqrxÄĄosporsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottwpp(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<owswtoJ+vtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otsvou po (

rqrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovtvqoJ+rtssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]tpvqwqx pr rMJ

owtussJ+rwpqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotsootÄĄ

QĂžTtqoqqr pr sMJ

opopouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousqopÄĄovqwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxoqspÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqssvuo t pMJ

optoouÄĄospvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrouÄĄpqpqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqxrvqq v rMJ

oppxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrtoÄĄpoptsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tsrurp pq rMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<porttxJ+pqqostSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porttx J+pqqostSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

porttxJ+pqqostSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovopquJ+rqsqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovopquJ+rqsqqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owswsqJ+vtprqt SI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovopquJ+rqsqqtSI[+L[HXO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porttxJ+pqqostSI[+L[HXO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< owswsqJ+vtprqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouttpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lousttx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpooqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqoutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?178


px.\LjLttQ[\SW[9TbWLtw\ÊM^S[ŕrvsx9T½[ŕ„WgSqo.\LjL>[ŃpwJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[ŕvot\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pp„WbŋǃSuswO[+T[bJUqvP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTqoP[Jtvo…QcHpw„QS[.W[Qpx.\XȤpv \ƵTXĉqv\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<owsvswJ+vsxpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupsqx pp 

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<owsvswJ+vsxpvt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxrrrp

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H\W\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotsoqwġovpwpv„Mj[-X[ġ

„@[T[9oqrops q rMJ

pqoxtxġorpvtu„Mj[-X[ġososttġotrwtr„Mj[(

O^Ktrpuqx pq qMJ

oxsxoq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqtosqġosqqqs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lottvpo(

>H^I­]LíÊPSG]\Oj[L<pqtptqJ+pvtxqvt„Mj[I[+L[H9`\ġ9[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourusp pq (

J+rxsrrt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;OÅS[\H<oxowpwJ+rwsorqt

„OT]tpwqvss pr rMJ

opsxrrġorqvqq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houspotġoxsxoq„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTtqpppu pr sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstopġporrtt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxoqorġ

Ǐdzpqsswp t pMJ

osqqqsġottsou„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsuroġoppsru„Mj[(

Ƕ¾uxosx pt pMJ

U\Lqqxsosp v rMJ

S[ȉppsrrqo qu pMJ „9H^tsrrqo pq rMJ

ǏdzO\¾/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvsxsqt Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<pqtpssJ+pvtxvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxowpqJ+rwsopvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ S[\H<oxowpq

J+rwsopvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<pqtpssJ+pvtxvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqtpssJ+pvtxvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS

„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<pqtpssJ+pvtxvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsvrxJ+ vswttSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poprooJ+ppqpqoSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsvrxJ+vswttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;

„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxowpqJ+rwsopvtSI[+L[HM^S[ @^L[9M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poprooJ+ppqpqo SI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loutppw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxospq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lppqppu„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[ oprtqt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orrrrs„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotpqtp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lousqor„Mj[(„QV S[\UH„WŁ[owprqp„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxtwqs„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqoroo„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpxrt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtqv„Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\ď179


qo.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\S/bS/tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pxJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUqwP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTqpP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHpxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqo.\XȤpw\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; qv\X@S]99­>H^I­]9SO[>[J

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<popqorJ+pppwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousqqw pq 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<popqorJ+pppwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rwqosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotsotqÄĄouqxsp

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ptpwpp r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosptqvÄĄottrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousooxÄĄoxswqx

O^Ktsqqqx pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowovpxÄĄowtuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovqvpsÄĄ

ǜžuwsotq pt pMJ

poptqvÄĄppsutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowsxrwÄĄpopvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottuox(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqstrxJ+qqsqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqurr pr (

possqwJ+sqrxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­S[\H<oxoosvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpxqvr pr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwroÄĄoxsstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppqrÄĄorqurw

QĂžTtqpsoro pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxsrÄĄorpworÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosotovÄĄotrxpv

Ç?Çłpqssvsx t pMJ

owpspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsrttÄĄpoptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqqxsrts v rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppsrox qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tsrox pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsttsJ+qqsrrtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L

Â&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<popptvJ+pppwsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqsttsJ+qqsrrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsttsJ+qqsrrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<popptvJ+pppwsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppoxrrJ+prspsqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

popptvJ+pppwsqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsttsJ+ qqsrrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ppoxrrJ+prspsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LousvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpppvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourwov

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpptxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?180


qp.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\SI[+>[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qoJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUqxP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTqqP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqoÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqp.\XȤpx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsootO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ppoxooJ+prsoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovppqt pr 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ppoxooJ+prsoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppqurw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotsppuÄĄouqxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppvsvrw s rMJ

ospsrvÄĄottqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqturwÄĄoqrotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kttrpsq pq rMJ

ovpwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HottqorÄĄourxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžuwpwrt pt pMJ

-X[ÄĄosqosqÄĄottqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HottqorÄĄovqoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Lotttov(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Q[J[L<ospqqwJ+qupwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowpvru ps (

J+ssqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrotuJ+rvtpo

Â&#x201E;OT]tqoquqr pr sMJ

ovpwsrÄĄoxsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppopÄĄorqttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtqqpxsu pr sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrotxÄĄorpwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqxtxÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqssvqu t pMJ

oppwooÄĄoqsxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsppuÄĄovpqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lqqxsvp v rMJ

-X[ÄĄospppsÄĄotrxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppsqutw qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tsqutw pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ospqqoJ+qupwsoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pprttqJ+pssuroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppoxpsJ+prsottS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprttqJ+pssuroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ospqqoJ+qupwsoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ospqqoJ+qupwsoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L <pprttqJ+pssuroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppoxpsJ+prsottSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprttqJ+pssuroSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ( \Oj[L<ppoxpsJ+prsottSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ospqqoJ+qupwsoSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pprttqJ+

pssuroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ .\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LousrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotostxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourspr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owotqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppttowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?181


qq.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qpJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUroP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTqrP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqq.\XȤqo \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoqwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pprtsoJ+psstuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsqro ps 

J+qwrxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pprtsoJ+psstuo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<ovrurwJ+rsswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLouropw

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qorosq t rMJ

ÄĄoxsvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxppÄĄopsrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrpooÄĄ

O^Ktusrtr pq sMJ

osprsuÄĄotoqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpwpuÄĄosotrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžuvtst pt pMJ

oppvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppsppÄĄoqsqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottsou(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<otoxop

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxporv pt (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<pprvouJ+sssxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L

Â&#x201E;OT]tqpqtsu pr sMJ

ÄĄowtupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqporxÄĄorqtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Howpqto

QĂžTtqqtxr pr sMJ

otsootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosprsuÄĄotoqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpqssuto t pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoptppÄĄppsuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsuqpÄĄ

U\Lqqxtop v rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppsqrsw qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tsqrsw pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otoxptJ+qwrxtvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprtrrJ+psstsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otoxptJ+ qwrxtvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\O

ÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otoxptJ+qwrxtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pprtrrJ+ psstsqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprtrrJ+psstsqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<pprotqJ+psrquoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<pprtrrJ+

psstsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L< otoxptJ+qwrxtvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< pprotqJ+psrquoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppoxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotoporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louropv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpptppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?182


qr.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qqJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUrpP[JttP[SH]j\W\PTqsP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqr.\XȤqp \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsotqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pprorxJ+psrqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howputx pt 

OO\Oj[L<pprorxJ+psrqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<pppvooJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqosÄĄovpxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qprqwtr u rMJ

oqrpopÄĄorpwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqrttrÄĄorqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktvtwtp pq sMJ

ospxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovprosÄĄowssorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lottros(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<otrtqoJ+qxsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoottx pu (

srtwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Q[J[L<oupwpqJ+rprpqo

Â&#x201E;OT]tqqqtpp pr sMJ

owtuppÄĄppqpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpqotÄĄppqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtqrrwqq ps pMJ

9^\T9S[\HopsrrxÄĄoqrpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqswopÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqssup t pMJ

popuqtÄĄppstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžuvqvqw pt pMJ U\Lqqxtqtt v rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppsqorv qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tsqorv pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<otrtprJ+qxsrtqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V

H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprotsJ+psrrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrtprJ+

qxsrtqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otrtprJ+qxsrtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pprotsJ+psrrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otrtprJ+qxsrtqtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprotsJ+psrrtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pottrvJ+prrtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprotsJ+psrrtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otrtprJ+qxsrtqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pottrvJ+prrtqtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourtrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppotrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louquqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovtvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqortqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?183


qs.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qrJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUp.\Ç&#x2C6;LttP[SH]j\W\PTqtP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqrÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqs.\XȤqq \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsppuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<pottsvJ+prspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtups pu 

otrqrpJ+qxruvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pottsvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxtqqtJ+poqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\UOQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqusqto v rMJ

ourottÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxqpÄĄppqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowppqpÄĄ

O^Ktxpuqs pq sMJ

orpwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostrqtÄĄotsotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžuutwto pt pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqowrxÄĄpqtuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovprpvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppspvqu qu pMJ

ovpvtvÄĄowsutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottqor(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oxtqqtJ+poqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpporrp pv (

prspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<poqvsrJ+sptsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]tqrqsrw ps pMJ

osruqqJ+qvptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqqxÄĄ

QĂžTtqspvsq ps pMJ

owtwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsupuÄĄpqowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrrsÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqssto t pMJ

otswtwÄĄowppqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpqtwqqÄĄopsuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqxttsr v rMJ

owssouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoppurqÄĄoqsvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tspvqu pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<osrupsJ+qvptqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otrqqsJ+qxrttoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pottsoJ+prruoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Q[J[L<osrupsJ+qvptqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[

H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrqqsJ+qxrtto SI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otrqqsJ+qxrttoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pottsoJ+prruoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtqsoJ+poqtqvt SI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pottsoJ+prruoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otrqqsJ+qxrttoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxtqso J+poqtqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowssrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppoprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqqqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovtrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S55

M[\Ä?184


qt.\Ç&#x2C6;LttQ[\S/LW[/LW[tw\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsJbQ[JSQ[X[tvoU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vot\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SuswO[+T[bJUq.\Ç&#x2C6;LttP[SH]j\W\PTquP[JtvoÂ&#x2026;QcHqsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqt.\XȤqr \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;qv\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxtrpqJ+poqusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxspro pv 

otorqsJ+qwqqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG;S\Oj[L<oxtrpqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owqtqpJ+usupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpopqqr w rMJ

ourpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxrsÄĄowovtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqtsÄĄ

O^Ktporuqq pr pMJ

orpwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLourpprÄĄovpxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžuuqwqp ps sMJ

9^\T9S[\HporrpuÄĄppqotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppstqtÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppspspt qu pMJ

oqsqtuÄĄospqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottpop(

JUQ]\Oj[L<owqtqpJ+usupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqoqov pw (

poqusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxpqoxJ+rwsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]tqsqsw ps pMJ

oqrqtsJ+qquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqtrÄĄ

QĂžTtqstvs ps pMJ

pqtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtroÄĄovqrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtwpoÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqssrsv t pMJ

opsuptÄĄospppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpptÄĄpqoxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqqxtwqs v rMJ

oppuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowssoxÄĄpopssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tspspt pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otorpvJ+qwqpuoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxtrosJ+poquqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otorpvJ+qwqpuoSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otorpvJ+qwqpuoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<oxtrosJ+poquqvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqtpsJ+usttqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxtrosJ+poquqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otorpvJ+qwqpuoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owqtps