Page 1

53


Q[\S53

M[\ď0


Iu bgt kÖxm~hŠ¨vq ci eªÞ‥Y bgt

Bgvi ‥mbvLqvZ

weòzwcÖqv gwYcyix Vvii cyivbv cvwÄ m~hŠwm×vť�i gvwnj Mbvwb A‥m MbvwbiKv gvaecyii cweÎ ivmi RvMv Anvb‥i †K›`ªM aivwb ABj AÿZzc: 24.31º Jqvs `ªvwNgvZzc: 91.84º gyO mgqi jqvM: 6º gyO

gvwi 53 DĂ‹g wmsn

‥cŠwi http://www.pouri.org

wbDBqKŠ, wZjcvivóª

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?1


9I[.9>^\C

\Q\OĆ‹^\Ă‘j[Q\GM^S]D[STM[\Ä?.X[L\L9[T[\LQbLj[„;T;[9HOWSK\Sj[XŇ[9bSg\SH[(QSW[KL[-X[LSNTX[L .\XT“M[\Ä?â€? L[=SWNC7j½[SX[LT(QS5bS“M[\Ä?â€? L[=S;L95X[LTȉĪ[X[\S\JL9[SL[;/M^S[OWS.X[S

M[\Ä?X[L;L[\L59bSS(M[\Ä?;L[\LS9[\J@[HSQ[\X.bWp(W^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźO[bS[q(\Oǜĭ\WÄ­[ÄźO[J`9\WÄ­[Äź(W^R­½

\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X5H[M^S[L[9[bTÄĄ>\Tj[.bXQ[\XÂ&#x201E;RH[TO[@[bS>bTSO[+T[Sj[QM[\Ä?;L[\L-S(\Qbjg/bQW^R­½\WÄ­[Äź Q[\X/Tj[M[\Ä?5X[LQ_\H­M[T9ST^(/+bS@]9½[bTÄš[SÂ&#x201E;>j[M^S[L[\JL.X[LX[SM[\LO[S/\HX[WS<CL[S\JL.X[L \OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LL^\=\9Ǣ.Q[SM[\Ä?5H[S\JLH[\S:O[bS[\H\I\L9[T[\L5X[LX[\OÄĄ\XL9[QX[L(-X[bL.\Q X[\Ç M^S[L[\JLH[\S:5H[/bQ/+bS\@TQ[\Hj[S(H[I9j[QS5bSČ&#x2030;S9[XĤ[5X[bLÂ&#x201E;R9^LM^S[L[H[\S:\H\I

\OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LO[SL[L[L;bOVL[S9[bQT[;H/-X[LÂ&#x2026;Ç&#x2C6;bLj(.Q[SP[SH1MQX[bJUSQ^+O[S[HÂ&#x201E;RÂ&#x201E;RWL-Ĺ&#x2022;O[ M[\Ä?O½[OX[S9S[\L-S-H[X[\Ç 5bM/HÂ&#x201E;>ĹŻS[\LHXĤ[.X[bLgI^/T^(

OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;SQ[\S5X[L9^ĹĄ[;[ÄĄ>[T^-bWX[L-X[LQ[H[\L\XL(9^L;/Q[ÄĄ[S[O[JU[X.9ObS\L9[T[bWX[LO[bS[ 9HH[/Q[ÄĄ[S[S[@[UU[+9/\L9[T[bWX[L(\Q-W[bJÂ&#x201E;9[L6\HX[\W9H9­HR[L[L[QL[1\S(5Q[\Spspx/bT

.\@9[ÄĄpspxOWS.b;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;-9S[\L-bW5W[bJÂ&#x201E;TM9\Sj[pOĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;ÄĄ-9\Sj[X[\SQ[\SSM[\Ä?.X[LU[H9ST^(

\X@\S\X@\SH[\S:;L[\LSL[L[LMÄ­\H>[T^-bW-H[X[\OH:[\LL[:[\LÂ&#x201E;RW[bJ1T[TS(-X[bLQSMÄ­\H 9^bjH O[bS[Q[/žWNCMÄ­\HS:[\LW+Ć&#x2019;[S9\Sj[ 5X[bHgp\JLÂ&#x201E;XTO[9Q/bHM[bS(\X@\SH[\S:Â&#x201E;TM9S[\LS>^ĹĄ[

MÄ­\HX[L/TH[/I[\>S\M?S\JbLÂ&#x201E;OT];O^S[\LSI[+L[H@^T[9X[LÂ&#x201E;J:bT-\JLS\M?S\JbLM/T[Q[W(Â&#x201E;J:[\L5X[bHg Â&#x201E;ObWM-/bHM[bSÂ&#x201E;Q<[T[/bTÂ&#x201E;R;Â&#x201E;>/H/-;S>[L[X[LÂ&#x201E;W+L[/bTO[Â&#x201E;9[L@[;[X[ÄĄÂ&#x201E;>/H[S[5W[bJ(-X[bL

O[+T[bJbU/bQWS9[\S@[H]j>[*JÂ&#x201E;J:[9\Q\CbjÂ&#x201E;RX[LÂ&#x201E;TM9SH[/-X[LS;b@I[Ĺ°\Jj[\X@\SH[\S:O[bS[MO­ Â&#x201E;TM9S[\L-S(

O[+T[bJUO[+T[bJUSO[+T[59[bEQ]bjÂ&#x201E;RO[+T[M[\Ä?SW+Ć&#x2019;[S9bS\W-X[L/bQâ&#x20AC;&#x153;O[+T[bJUâ&#x20AC;? O^\Tj[Â&#x201E;JL[-/T( Q[\XW^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X/Tj[\JLO[SMSOXO[WQjR[Ă&#x160;[\H\ILĂ­Ă&#x160;9SLÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă XƤ^C.\J;LbT1 Â&#x201E;OL]b@[T[9\L9^T[\LO^S[\LĂ XLO[bS[TĂś5H[Č&#x2030;ÄŞ[J`9\WÄ­[Äź/Tj[;L[\L-/T(

Â&#x201E;RH[S;bOVL[O[bS[9Q­ĥM[+T[9M[W^H[ 1. Shree Ajit Krishnan, MHora-v0.2.

2. Shree Michio Yano (http://www.cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp/~yanom/) articles, and Pancanga (version 3.13). 3. Shree Vinay Jha (http://jyotirvidya.wetpaint.com/), Shree Surya Siddhanta releted all articles. 4Ă&#x2DC;]W_R­½\WÄ­[ÄźÇ&#x2030;[Q]\OÄ&#x152;[L[LĹ prpuW[TÂ&#x201E;OT^hQD9\T9[H[(

5. Indian Astronomy: An Introduction By S. Balachandra Rao, Year 2000, Universities Press.

6. Indian Calendric System, by Commodore S.K. Chatterjee (Retd.), Year 1998, Publication Division, MOIB, Govt of India.

My special thanks for their tools:

1. Microsoft for Visual Studio 2010 & Hijri Calendar.

2. Swiss Ephemeris (http://www.astro.com/swisseph/) for swedll32.dll

T\QbH;[X[\Ç S[+Â&#x201E;X/>[.X[LQS5bSČ&#x2030;Çł9[Q5X[HÂ&#x201E;9[LT[TI[/bTHS[9QbSO[b;/O[+\QT;[T;Â&#x201E;RW[bJ1 >^Q9SH1(

1ĥQ\W+X\L1/j9­pspxWL

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?2


\L+bIg@^T[9QÄž]Ç?ÇłM[\LS-\KM\HbOT]O[bS[N[jNWTS-\KM\HO^K(

=========================================================

pÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qwQK^W^KLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qpQ[>­usuO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTroN[ÇľLtuvÂ&#x2026;QcHqwU\@O^.W[QpOX[;qv

@Q[\J1T.1j[Tqt\X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/roÂ&#x2026;>HtqQ[\S usurqo \L+bIg9[M[ J+ppotqt <poqtSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottwrqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<outtruJ+qqvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orsost

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oososxJ+sutrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO\G@

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rpsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<ouptrvJ+otosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppupvpq qu pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowqotuÄĄposuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppqotÄĄoqsxow

O^Kpppvrssr qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsptÄĄpprvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqooswÄĄorrupx

ǜžpppwpt qv pMJ

opprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovquqoÄĄowtvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqpo(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ouptrvJ+otosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;

qp O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrxqr qq (

\Oj[L<outtruJ+qqvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ourxopJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oosvsq p pMJ

>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;S[\H<poosprJ+sopxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

QĂžTppvppru s rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvrxÄĄotpssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouorpsÄĄoutotx

Ç?Çłpoqwrupr qt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqotÄĄoqooruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqqtpvÄĄ

U\Lpprsuq s qMJ

opropuÄĄoroppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrqsuÄĄoxoqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqqroqu q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqqroqu pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oososqJ+sutrqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<outtqxJ+qqvsoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oososqJ+

sutrqqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oososqJ+sutrqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<outtqxJ+qqvsoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouptroJ+ otoqqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outtqxJ+qqvsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oososqJ+sutrqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouptroJ+otoqqt

SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ 

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LoupqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosotqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LoupvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owroprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?3


q…OU[:trQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSr…OU[:>[ŃqxQK^W^KLQ[X[tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qqQ[>­usuO[+T[bJUw…>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTp…>Htuw…QcHqxU\@O^.W[QqOX[;qw @Q[\J1T.1j[Tqt\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottvqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<ouptrwJ+otosqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ospxsx

\Oj[L<ooqpsuJ+suwso„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<otowqoJ+twtt„Mj[I[+L[H\9Ǣö„R[;…OK`\H

„@[T[9pppxrtps qv pMJ

ovrprq„Mj[-X[ġoxtvqrġpprsrw„Mj[-X[ġorrvsrġ

O^Kpppxqtu qv pMJ

ottwrq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoqooqxġorrvsr„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ƕ¾pppxptqt qv pMJ

9^\T9S[\Hposxrsġpprvps„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptwtuġ

S[ȉoqqqvpt q rMJ

oqtxswġosqxpo„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqrp(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<otowqoJ+twtt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊ„SOH]

qq O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorrvtp qr (

ouptrwJ+otosqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[JQ[J[L<otstqsJ+qxrtvt

„OT]opsuqo p pMJ

„Wń[<owpqrxJ+rtsrpt„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;\JLottspwġ

QþTppvtort s rMJ

otpstv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtppsġoxpsps„Mj[-X[ġoqooprġ

Ǐdzpoqwsxst qt rMJ

oxpspsġposxrs„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprsrwġpqqrpt„Mj[(

U\Lpprtqsr s qMJ

oproou„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowturvġpoqvsv„Mj[(9[TS[\H

„9H^uqqqvpt pu pMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<ooqprwJ+suwqoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<otowprJ+twssvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­ „JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupttrJ+otpqoSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otowprJ+twssvtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L 99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqq

qsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ooqprwJ+suwqoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ooqprwJ+suwqoSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ

8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oupttrJ+otpqoSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[? WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otowprJ+twssvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oupttrJ+otpqoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooqprwJ+suwqoSI[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[; L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otowprJ+twssvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Louowow„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovrxqt„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxqsqv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqxoo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[opstrv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[Losopqw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Louprqq„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owqupv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hposrqp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqtvqx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqttrx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrstx„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď4


rÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;p\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qrQ[>­usuO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHp9[bTL.W[QrOX[;qx @Q[\J1T.1j[Tqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottuqtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<otowsrJ+twuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostttw

S[\H<pprwprJ+sspxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGL[;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<orruttJ+tspxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9orwrv p pMJ

oppqorÄĄorrssuQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottrpsÄĄovrosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppqpptuo qv qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpspqÄĄpoopsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropptÄĄ

ǜžppqoqxss qv qMJ

pqoosqÄĄopqxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqtq(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<orruttJ+tspxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

qr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losrupq qs (

otowsrJ+twuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜQ[J[L<osqtrpJ+qupwqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqsstu p pMJ

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚQ[J[L<ouoottJ+ropurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QĂžTppwqxrs s rMJ

-X[ÄĄpostrpÄĄoppprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtuswÄĄpostrp

Ç?Çłpoqxrps qt rMJ

osrqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrqrtÄĄouortuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lpprtxqv s qMJ S[Č&#x2030;oqqqss q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqqqss pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<pprwouJ+sspxroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pprwouJ+ sspxroSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H< pprwouJ+sspxroSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

orrusvJ+tspwtqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<orrusvJ+tspwtqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <orrusvJ+tspwtqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Q[J[L<osqtqsJ+qupvstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<pprwouJ+ sspxroSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<orrusvJ+tspwtqtS I[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouosppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouoxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?5


sÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;q\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qsQ[>­usuO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHq9[bTL.W[QsOX[;ro @Q[\J1T.1j[Tqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotttqpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<opstsqJ+sxsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otroqo

O[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsrrxJ+qquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<opstsq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qststÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLottqpoÄĄovqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oputuv q qMJ

-X[ÄĄosqusoÄĄouospvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovrxpsÄĄoxpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppqrvqq qv qMJ

pprurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqpqwÄĄottuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžppqpssq qv qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowttpqÄĄpoqusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoqusrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louorps(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]S[\H<porsrqJ+spsrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG

qs O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotrssu qt (

J+sxsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrprqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]orsrqx p qMJ

-X[ÄĄowpwruÄĄpostopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopppquÄĄoqsxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTppxwrp s rMJ

-X[ÄĄorrrtxÄĄosqpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposxowÄĄ

Ç?Çłpoqxpuso qt rMJ

owpwruÄĄoxovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrxpsÄĄowqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppsupt s qMJ

pptwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqpxÄĄporpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqqqots q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqqqots pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<porsqsJ+spsqttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

porsqsJ+spsqttSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<porsqsJ+spsqttSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opstrrJ+sxsrqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H< porsqsJ+spsqttSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opstrrJ+sxsrqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opstrrJ+sxsrqvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;

Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsrtsJ+qqusoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<opstrrJ+sxsrqvtS I[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouoopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouotroÂ&#x201E;Mj[( H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HportqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?6


tÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;r\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qtQ[>­usuO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHr9[bTL.W[QtOX[;p@Q[\J1WW[\L qt\X@S]>Ĺ LR[Ă&#x160;[Ă&#x2DC;]MSÇśS[Q@jÄź]-Ă­jH`H]j[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottspwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<pprwrvJ+ssquvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louospo qu 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqssowJ+pvxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<pprwrvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pvpxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<oxtrowJ+potqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pottsv r qMJ

poswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqrspÄĄoptwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsttoÄĄ

O^Kppqstxx qv rMJ

ouosrvÄĄoutqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxrrÄĄoropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqqtwqo qv qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouosrvÄĄovrrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqurpÄĄotttqp

O^SH/Q[J[Louorrt(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[S[\H<oxpspuJ+rwqtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loursqo qu (

ssquvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<pqswovJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ossqo p qMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLoxttrvÄĄopppprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqusuÄĄ

QĂžTppxsvqw s rMJ

osqoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLousoopÄĄovqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpoqxror qt rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLottpovÄĄovqqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrqtuÄĄouosrv

U\Lppspru s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqqpvsr q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqqpvsr pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxpsrpJ+rwqttqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxpsrp J+rwqttqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxpsrpJ+rwqttqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pprwtpJ+

ssqusqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< pqssqrJ+pvporqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxpsrp J+rwqttqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<pprwtpJ+ssqusqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pppvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouopruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqstsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?7


uÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;s\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]quQ[>­usuO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHs9[bTL.W[QuOX[;q@Q[\J1WW[\L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottrpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxqosuJ+rwssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louospo qu 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<porpqoJ+ppsorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<oxtrtsJ+poutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pptto s qMJ

ourxorÄĄoxttoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovrxrrÄĄoxpsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kppqutppv qv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqpuÄĄovrxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqrpvÄĄorrqqu

ǜžppqspqru qv rMJ

ospxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqtrxÄĄpptvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louortu(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Q[J[L<ovsqtpJ+rsrxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loursqo qu (

oxqosuJ+rwssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owowsuJ+tsusvt

Â&#x201E;OT]otsoqx p qMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<outpqqJ+qrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTpqoquqs s sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottoorÄĄourxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopppooÄĄoqoooo

Ç?Çłpoqxsrqq qt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqutxÄĄotpttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorrqquÄĄ

U\Lppsqop s qMJ

pptvrpÄĄopqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopqwpwÄĄoqtutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqqpsrr q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqqpsrr pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ovsrotJ+rsrxttSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owowrxJ+tsuroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owowrxJ+tsuroS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovsrotJ+rsrxttSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovsrotJ+

rsrxttSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LS[\H<oxqpopJ+rwssstSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxqpopJ+rwssstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtrsuJ+pourvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovsrotJ+rsrxtt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqpopJ+ rwssstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxowsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owporsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqspsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otswqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?8


vÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;t\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qvQ[>­usuO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHt9[bTL.W[QvOX[;r@Q[\J1WW[\L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottqpoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<outuqtJ+rqstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourwtr qv 

9SGOO\Oj[L<owoxtqJ+tsxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<outqqxJ+qrutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqxqost t qMJ

otsxooÄĄovqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrrqÄĄopposwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kppqwsrss qv sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrworÄĄotpupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtwÄĄ

ǜžppqtqutp qv rMJ

oroppsÄĄosrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovqpoqÄĄowtrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louospv(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<ouostwJ+rorvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrtsw qv (

outuqtJ+rqstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otsrooJ+txstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ourwtu p qMJ

\Oj[L<orsusrJ+tstspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTpqptqo s sMJ

outqrpÄĄoxpsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprtspÄĄoqssqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpoqxturw qt rMJ

orrworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptvpuÄĄoqssqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppsqutx s qMJ

9[TS[\HporosvÄĄpptxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqqppqq q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqqppqq pu pMJ

O^KO\ž/H/S[\H<pooqtwJ+ sorqpvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owoxsuJ+tsxpvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ouostoJ+rorutvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owoxsuJ+

tsxpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsu

vxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouostoJ+rorutvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqp qrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouostoJ+

rorutvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<outusoJ+rqsurqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/

Q[J[L<outusoJ+rqsurqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outqqqJ+qrtsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ouostoJ+

rorutvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<outusoJ+ rqsurqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxossuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppoxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orspswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owourwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqruopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otssrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?9


wÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;u\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qwQ[>­usuO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHu9[bTL.W[QwOX[;s@Q[\J1WW[\L qt\X@S]>Ĺ LVĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottpovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<osrosoJ+qusspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovpuoq qw 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otssouJ+txsvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<oosqorJ+svptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qprrxru u rMJ

oqswtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwovÄĄotpuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouotsoÄĄ

O^Kooruqv p pMJ

orrotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopportÄĄoptxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžppquspt qv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqxopÄĄoroppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrrtxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louosrv(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<osqstrJ+quqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrxtt qw (

osrosoJ+qusspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<orpvtuJ+trsstvt

Â&#x201E;OT]ovrvqp p rMJ

K`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowptqxÄĄposroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopportÄĄ

QĂžTpqpssps s sMJ

outqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsosÄĄpprtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptusoÄĄ

Ç?Çłppoxto qt sMJ

pqqqqwÄĄopoxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovqopoÄĄowtqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppsrsp s qMJ

oxoqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqqwpp q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqqwpp pu pMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvqvqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<osqssuJ+quqxqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqssuJ+ quqxqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqssuJ+quqxqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osrorqJ+qusrtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V 8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osrorqJ+qusrtoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Q[J[L<osqssuJ+quqxqtSI[+L[H

M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<osrorq J+qusrtoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osppqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?10


xÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;v\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qxQ[>­usuO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHv9[bTL.W[QxOX[;t @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];Ăž[/Q[S@SQ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottoorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovqtJ+qoswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtvpt qx 

M^V½[9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovqtJ+qoswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rxsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotsutsÄĄovqtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqvtwr v rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoutropÄĄoxpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptuotÄĄottpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koqqxqp p pMJ

posworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprpsxÄĄpqqpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžppqvttpx qv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowtpspÄĄpoqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqtstoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louostw(

I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvssJ+qqqxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxsusu qx (

<ootvttJ+svtvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HS[\H<oxspopJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]owrtsr p rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxtrpuÄĄpprpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwppÄĄotpussÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpqqqrw s sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxrwÄĄorrwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpsoqÄĄ

Ç?Çłppoqqtw qt sMJ

posworÄĄpprtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuqvÄĄopqwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppsspu s qMJ

osqqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqqtp q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqqtp pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovpwJ+qoswqqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvrvJ+qqqxpoSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovpwJ+ qoswqqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpv pwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvrvJ+qqqxpoSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvrvJ+qqqxpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <oqovpwJ+qoswqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvrvJ+qqqxpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[ 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovpwJ+qoswqqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovpwJ+qoswqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvrvJ+qqqxpoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppopqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?11


poÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;w\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]roQ[>­usuO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHw9[bTL.W[QpoOX[;u @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WO-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsxooO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<pptpsrJ+ptpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowsspo ro 

oppwqxJ+pwswtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGOO\Oj[L<pptpsrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxsvrpJ+pospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpqpqrt w rMJ

orqxpxQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotsttpÄĄovqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqorÄĄ

O^Kosqqqt p qMJ

oxpsopÄĄpooottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppsÄĄosrrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqxxrp qv sMJ

opqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotpx(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oxsvrpJ+pospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpottpo ro (

ptpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<posvrxJ+sqrptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oxrsr p rMJ

ousvtrJ+rqrqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;S[\HopowrtÄĄ

QĂžTpqrqo s sMJ

oppooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtqspÄĄposqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpporur qt sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrrswÄĄououqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptwpqÄĄ

U\Lppsswpr s qMJ S[Č&#x2030;oqqpto q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqqpto pu pMJ

ǜžO\ž/H/S[\H<poostoJ+ sossto

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppwqpJ+pwswrvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppwqpJ+

pwswrvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pptprvJ+ ptppsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppwqpJ+ pwswrvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

oxsvqtJ+porttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L

I[bL/\Oj[L<pptprvJ+ptppsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxsvqtJ+porttSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pptprvJ+ptppsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppwqpJ+pwswrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxsvqtJ+porttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovovtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orroooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotspttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqquorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osorrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?12


pp…OU[:trQ[\S/bS/tu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSpq…OU[:>[Ńx\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]rpQ[>­usuO[+T[bJUpv…>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTpo…>Htuw…QcHx9[bTL.W[QppOX[;v@Q[\J1WW[\L qt\X@S]Ø]W]H[LOQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsvtvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<oxswpvJ+pout„Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrvsw rp 

pqopqxJ+ptrxt„Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<oxswpvJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<owoorxJ+trxrvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;;ĚQ[J[L<

„@[T[9rqupxtp x rMJ

ovqrss„Mj[-X[ġowprppġposprs„Mj[-X[ġopoxtvġ

O^Kouptru p qMJ

oxprtx„Mj[-X[ġorqwrrġosptqq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

Ƕ¾ooqrsr p pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowprppġoxoqrx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovsoqpġ

S[ȉoqptwrx q rMJ

poqropġppttst„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxoqpvġporoos„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotso(

\Oj[L<owoorxJ+trxrvt„Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LíÊ-bƂV[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqoqqv rp (

pout„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„Wń[<owtqowJ+rvstsqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S

„OT]oporqqp p sMJ

osotrrJ+qtsxpt„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotssswġ

QþTpqrsotq t pMJ

oqswtq„Mj[-X[ġosqvsvġouousq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsoqpġ

Ǐdzpposxs qt sMJ

posvrvġpprsqv„Mj[-X[ġosptqqġotsxoo„Mj[(

U\Lppsttqs s qMJ

owqvpo„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtopvġpoqrop„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^uqptwrx pu pMJ

Ƕ¾O\¾5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvrtpvt

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

„R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<pqopqqJ+ptrwsvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<ppootqJ+prpopoSI[+L[H \W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L1ǚS;H[S[

Wš[H@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<pqopqqJ+ptrwsvtS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsu

wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<pqopqqJ+ptrwsvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr qtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ppootqJ+prpopoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxswpoJ+potsvtSI[+L[H „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<pqopqqJ+ ptrwsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<

owoorpJ+trxpvtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L< ppootqJ+prpopoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxswpoJ+potsvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owoorpJ+trxpvtSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[; \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxswpoJ+potsvtSI[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;

Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pqopqqJ+ptrwsvtSI[+L[HM^S[ @^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owoorpJ+trxpvtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\ĭbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppootqJ+prpopoSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Q[\S53

M[\ď13


TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovosopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orquosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovtott

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoovtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/ortxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

pqÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;po\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]p5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpo9[bTL.W[QpqOX[;w @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsutsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owoporJ+tsorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporvts p 

ppopqsJ+prpproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<owoporJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oursrwJ+qvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spoputt po sMJ

opoxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvpsÄĄposvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqotqÄĄ

O^Kowwto p rMJ

ourrpxÄĄovqqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouovorÄĄoutrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoprvtr p pMJ

ovpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrsoxÄĄouovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouovorÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lououop(

59[JU]\Oj[L<oursrwJ+qvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opotpw p (

tsorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovpstwJ+rrstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opprorv p sMJ

oprvtxJ+pxsqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtprqÄĄ

QĂžTpqspxss t pMJ

optspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsporÄĄospsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpppqq qt sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqwpxÄĄoroppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsrsuÄĄ

U\Lpptqrw s qMJ

ovrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqoqoÄĄotsvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqpttqx q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqpttqx pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ppoppvJ+prpppqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<poqqqrJ+pprurqtSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppoppvJ+prpppqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpx qpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqqqrJ+pprurqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppoppvJ+prpppqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oursrpJ+qutqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poqqqrJ+pprurqtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owoppvJ+tsppqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

oursrpJ+qutqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owoppvJ+tsppqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppoppvJ+prpppqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oursrpJ+qutqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqqqrJ+pprurqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowstowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opoupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoosoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?14


prÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpp9[bTL.W[QprOX[;x @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bQ[\XL]59[JU]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WOT\QH/ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsttpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ourtoqJ+qwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsqqu q 

otsqss\Oj[LoxtotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouootpJ+rosqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqsppx pp sMJ

ppqwqvJ+psqpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<oxrxooJ+xtoso

O^Kopoqs p sMJ

ovsosoÄĄoxprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotsqssÄĄourqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžoqtqr p pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqqoqwÄĄorqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqwovÄĄotpvst

S[Č&#x2030;oqptqpw q rMJ

ppttosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttosÄĄopqwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lououqp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<otrrroJ+txruttÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqoppu q (

poqqrsJ+pprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ourtoqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opqqwtp p sMJ

\Oj[L<otrrroJ+txruttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<

QĂžTpqstwrs t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLourqqrÄĄoxtotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłppppstt qt sMJ

-X[ÄĄopoxrqÄĄoptxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutsoqÄĄovsosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lpptxtt s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqvooÄĄosprrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqptxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqptqpw pu pMJ

opqsrtÄĄoqtqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<poqqswJ+pprvrtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ouopotJ+rosrpvtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H \Oj[L<pooxowJ+pptuoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]

.\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ouopotJ+rosrpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqqswJ+ pprvrtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pooxowJ+pptuoSI[+L[Hprtuw popqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqqswJ+pprvrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<otrrqpJ+txrurqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pooxowJ+pptuoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oursttJ+qvtqtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poqqswJ+pprvrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<otrrqpJ+txrurqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V 8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oursttJ+qvtqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrrqpJ+

txrurqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oursttJ+qvtqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqqswJ+pprvrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[

Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L <otrrqpJ+txrurqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pooxowJ+pptuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?15


TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpostsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opoqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotroowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?16


psÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpr9[bTL.W[QpsOX[;po @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotssswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otrrtrJ+txrvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqswpu r 

otooqtJ+twpusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

txrvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otprqqJ+qwsurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tvrppt pq sMJ

<oxrxosJ+xtotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<owprooJ+upwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koppttpu p sMJ

opoxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutspvÄĄoxprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrrqÄĄ

ǜžosupq p qMJ

oqswswÄĄorrwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptroxÄĄoqrxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqpsxw q rMJ

owswprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqxrqÄĄpptuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louousq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotspsq\Oj[LoxtoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqsxst r (

pooxpwJ+ppuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otrrtrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oprqvq q pMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otooqtJ+twpusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L

QĂžTpqtrvqs t pMJ

I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotspsqÄĄovqppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposoovÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqvss qt sMJ

oqrxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwrqÄĄotpwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lpptpvps s qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoroppsÄĄosrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpstvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqpsxw pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pooxpoJ+pputSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<poqrtuJ+ppstrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pooxpoJ+pputSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<poqrtuJ+ppstrtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pooxpoJ+pputSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otoorxJ+twpvqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poqrtuJ+

ppstrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pooxpoJ+pputSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otoorxJ+twpvqqt SI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxrxpwJ+xtpqtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pooxpoJ+pputSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<otoorxJ+twpvqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<poqrtuJ+ppstrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqowqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?17


ptÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ps\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHps9[bTL.W[QptOX[;pp @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]LS\W+X>H^­JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<otooqxJ+twputvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqrx s 

\Oj[L<poqrssJ+ppsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ostvtvJ+twprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqostso pr sMJ

rsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLowpopoÄĄporxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koprswqr q pMJ

O[bS[S[\HouowouÄĄoutsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprtrÄĄpprrps

ǜžotqopx p qMJ

optwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpxspÄĄopouovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;oqpsttv q rMJ

9[TS[\HovrtppÄĄoxoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovor(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ostvtvJ+twprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrpru s (

otooqxJ+twputvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<osttotJ+qwrqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]opsqtpq q pMJ

XV­G\Oj[L<owpqsqJ+upvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<ovppoxJ+

QĂžTpqupupr t pMJ

-X[ÄĄopoxowÄĄoqswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwrvÄĄotpwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpppsoqx qt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptqrsÄĄorqtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxowÄĄ

U\Lpptqsrv s qMJ

ovpsouÄĄowsvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqvsxÄĄoropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^uqpsttv pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<poqrrvJ+ppsssvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ostvtoJ+twpqtqtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

\Oj[L<ppoxooJ+prsosvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ostvtoJ+twpqtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqrrvJ+ppsssvtSI[+L[Hqsuv

xppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppoxooJ+prsosvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr

qtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ostvtoJ+twpqtqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

owpqtuJ+upwtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<poqrrvJ+ppsssvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ostvtoJ+twpqtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppoxooJ+prsosvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouswpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqouqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqosrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?18


puÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpt9[bTL.W[QpuOX[;pq

@Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9^Q­@jÄź]Ă&#x2DC;]Q[KO]M_\G­Q[cOU[:]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O^Ä­M_\G­Q[ P;O[LO^Ä­S.\O­P[O\H\I Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SN^TbJ[T ;bĹ&#x201E;Ç&#x2C6;S]M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqssO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ostvpwJ+twpprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtsov t 

\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<ppowquJ+prrxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otquouJ+txquvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ursspx ps sMJ

qptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxrxÄĄovpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koptspqp q pMJ

O[bS[S[\HoutsswÄĄoxprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptqooÄĄotsrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoursqu p qMJ

posurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxouÄĄpqpxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;oqpsqsu q rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsutpÄĄpoqoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsxtuÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louovqs(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[\Oj[L<otquouJ+txquvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osowqr t (

ostvpwJ+twpprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otovsrJ+qwrvrt

Â&#x201E;OT]optqrpx q pMJ

\Oj[L<ovpotpJ+rstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ourrsvJ+

QĂžTpquttp t qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxsxptÄĄppqxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwsqÄĄotpwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłppptrpo qt sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwtpÄĄorrwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxprtqÄĄ

U\Lpptrqq s qMJ

posurtÄĄpprqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptsorÄĄopqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^uqpsqsu pu pMJ

osputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ppowspJ+prrxuoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[ O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<otquqoJ+txqusqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppowspJ+prrxuoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspu

pvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< otquqoJ+txqusqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otquqoJ+

txqusqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovpossJ+rstvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otquqoJ+txqusqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoussqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxswpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqoqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?19


pvÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpu9[bTL.W[QpvOX[;pr @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<otqtqvJ+txqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lortqrp u 

pqqrstJ+putoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGOO\Oj[L<otqtqvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqstpJ+pttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upuqvsx pt rMJ

psqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;S[\HopotpoÄĄorqrtv

O^Kopvrsw q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxswsqÄĄporwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxprtpÄĄ

ǜžovswrq p rMJ

osrtoqÄĄouowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttsuÄĄopqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovst(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<ouqstpJ+pttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osspsu u (

txqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ottpqqJ+roqxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opuqpqt q pMJ

ourrowJ+qprsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<oupxswJ+

QĂžTpqvrrsw t qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrwrxÄĄovpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporwsrÄĄopowst

Ç?Çłppqtsu qt sMJ

poooovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppuÄĄosrtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpptrxro s qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;oqprxru q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqprxru pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pqqrrxJ+pusxuoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ourrqpJ+qpsptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprt

vwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqqrrxJ+pusxuoSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqqrrxJ+pusxuoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pqqrrxJ+pusxuoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqsssJ+pttpqtSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqsssJ+pttpqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourrqpJ+

qpsptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L <pqqrrxJ+pusxuoSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ouqsssJ+ pttpqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orruopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ototprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?20


pwÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]v5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpu9[bTL.W[QpwOX[;ps @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsospO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ouqrtoJ+ptqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losswqx v 

MS<oqovrpJ+qppqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovsxtqJ+trortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqwtvrs pu rMJ

ouqusrJ+qqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvrwÄĄ

O^Kopxquso q qMJ

oqswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqwtwÄĄouoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsproÄĄ

ǜžoxqru p rMJ

posuppÄĄpprqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoxqqÄĄotspsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqpruqt q rMJ

owqvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowstrpÄĄpopxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louowou(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<ovsxtqJ+trortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otprpu v (

ouqrtoJ+ptqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovorsvJ+rrrqto

Â&#x201E;OT]opvpxqw q qMJ

O½H]M[H\Oj[L<oupxpoJ+psppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<

QĂžTpqwpqrt t qMJ

ovpvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowovtvÄĄporwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowrrÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqpwpw qt sMJ

oxprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqrpqÄĄosoxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Lpptsvo s qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowovtvÄĄowtworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsproÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqpruqt pu pMJ

popxqwÄĄpptrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqpwÄĄpoqwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovqrJ+qppptoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<oupxopJ+psottSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS <oqovqrJ+qppptoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpw

qoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovqrJ+qppptoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovqrJ+qppptoSI[+L[H L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovsxstJ+tropvtSI[+L[HL^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqrsrJ+ptqsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovqrJ+qppptoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ovsxstJ+tropvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqrsrJ+ptqsoSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsxstJ+tropvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oupxopJ+psottSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ouqrsrJ+ptqsoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovqrJ+qppptoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L< ovsxstJ+tropvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoururoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?21


pxÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpv9[bTL.W[QpxOX[;pt @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovswtqJ+tqwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotsqtv w 

Q[J[L<osptqsJ+qursqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxrtswJ+xtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vppptso pv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsvruÄĄopowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Koqppwts q rMJ

oqruqqÄĄosowrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqutoÄĄovpvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopopuso p sMJ

oroppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrurxÄĄovpostÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrtqt

S[Č&#x2030;oqprrpt q rMJ

ÄĄotsospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowqv(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<oxrtswJ+xtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otsspr w (

ovswtqJ+tqwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsoooJ+rvrtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]opwpvro q qMJ

\Oj[L<ouqtsrJ+qopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<ousxtpJ+rr

QĂžTpqwtpqp t qMJ

owqvstÄĄposttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwowÄĄoptopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqrost qt sMJ

9^\T9S[\HouoxrpÄĄouttruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvpqÄĄ

U\Lppttsrr s qMJ

ÄĄouoxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouoxrpÄĄovrtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospspv

Â&#x201E;9H^uqprrpt pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<osptrxJ+qurtqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ouqtruJ+ptxttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osptrxJ+qurtqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osptrxJ+qurtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovswstJ+tqvsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovswstJ+tqvsvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxruoqJ+xtwqvt SI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L< ouqtruJ+ptxttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<

ovswstJ+tqvsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Q[J[L<osptrxJ+qurtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxruoqJ+xtwqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?22


qo…OU[:trQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSqp…OU[:>[Ńpw\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]x5\ÑTusuO[+T[bJUqu…>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTpx…>Htuw…QcHpw9[bTL.W[QqoOX[;pu @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oxrsswJ+xttqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louruts x 

\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oxrsswJ+xttqqt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<porrtpJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<ovqrsuJ+sropvt„Mj[I[+L[H\Wĭ-Q`HbR[;\JL

„@[T[9vqrqssx pw rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotrtrxġouqttu„Mj[-X[ġopowppġoptwqw

O^Koqrposv q rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqxpxġotpxru„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horqpsqġ

Ƕ¾opprosr p sMJ

pptqsuġopqvor„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopqpooġoqsvpr„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowsw(

>H^I­]LíÊ„@½Ɗ[Q[J[L<ousprxJ+rqsqro„Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loupttq po (

sqqquo„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;M\S<\Oj[L<ouswtpJ+roro„Mj[

„OT]opxptqx q qMJ

ouqttuġoxsvos„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsptpġoxprsx„Mj[(

QþTpqxrou t qMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtttqġovsptp„Mj[-X[ġpqpvsuġorqpsq

Ǐdzppqsrw qt sMJ

osovsp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwqxġpptqsu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppuqw s qMJ

S[ȉoqpros q rMJ

„9H^uqpros pu pMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊQ[J[L<ousprqJ+rqsqpqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ouswssJ+ropqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[Q[J[L <ousprqJ+rqsqpqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[

„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<ousprqJ+rqsqpqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspu pwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L

Q[J[L<ousprqJ+rqsqpqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrssoJ+xttqtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprstuJ+pstwpqtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouswssJ+ropqtSI[+L[H L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<oxrssoJ+xttqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ousprqJ+rqsqpqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pprstuJ+pstwpqtS

I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ 

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louqwrx„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowprso„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpopwps„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrsto„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqtoso„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotoqrv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovptrp„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxrqrt„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppsusr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsstr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqsps„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostrqt„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď23


qpÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;px\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpx9[bTL.W[QqpOX[;pv @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvrwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<pprrsqJ+psttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrpov po 

O[TO\Oj[L<pprrsqJ+psttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oortrv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sqvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<owoqopJ+uwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wtqwpo px qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutuowÄĄoxprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprproÄĄoqrtos

O^Koqtqpt q sMJ

ÄĄorrxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsxppÄĄoqrtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžopqssst p sMJ

9[TS[\HpoqwqsÄĄpptsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxpo(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[S[\H<oxpvpuJ+rxpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousxqq pp (

J+svrqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<ovqqsuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqoprqu q rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrssoÄĄovptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporutsÄĄopowop

QĂžTqowto t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrxowÄĄotpxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswsu

Ç?Çłppqttqu qt sMJ

oropqpÄĄosrtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoxovÄĄowsrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppuxsu s qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;oqpqutr q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqpqutr pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<oxpvoxJ+rxprstSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqqrxJ+sqvroSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxpvoxJ+ rxprstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxpvoxJ+rxprstSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprrrtJ+pststo

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <ovqqrxJ+sqvroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<pprrrtJ+pststoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowoxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?24


qqÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qo\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqo9[bTL.W[QqqOX[;pw @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrurxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprupqJ+qortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howquoq pp 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprupqJ+qortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

uttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<owrvoqJ+vrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpvqxx qo qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxpsÄĄotqooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouporvÄĄoutuqt

O^Koqutrpu r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovtpÄĄoptwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvoqÄĄ

ǜžoprtwsu q pMJ

opqusuÄĄoropqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovruroÄĄoxoqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxrp(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H<pptqtsJ+ststrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqtsv pq (

oqrusqJ+tqrvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<owoosqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqpppqq q rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowototÄĄporuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovtpÄĄoqswsu

QĂžTqosvrs t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprsxÄĄpprppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopswrwÄĄorqops

Ç?Çłpprvso qt sMJ

opoqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovowpxÄĄowsqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppupvqu s qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;oqpqrsr q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqpqrsr pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<pptrovJ+stsuvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owrutuJ+vrwtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owootuJ+

utsoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrutuJ+vrwt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqprptpvpx qpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pptrovJ+stsuvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pptrovJ+stsuvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ M[JbJ[VS[\H<pptrovJ+stsuvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opruquJ+qosqt SI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

owootuJ+utsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< opruquJ+qosqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJS[\H<pptrovJ+stsuvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowotsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osstrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?25


qrÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqp9[bTL.W[QqrOX[;px @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrqtwJ+qstwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqpru pq 

oqpxrpJ+tptutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<owruosJ+vrtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqxrppw qp pMJ

ovprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxstqxÄĄppqurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxqoÄĄ

O^Koqwsrst r pMJ

otrurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwpsÄĄorrxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžoptpqsu q pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpostptÄĄpprotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptptpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;oqpqorq q rMJ

oqstpsÄĄospotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxtr(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowouos pr (

orrqtwJ+qstwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osqurvJ+tvpssqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqqxpt q rMJ

\Oj[L<oxoqqpJ+wssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotrqssÄĄ

QĂžTqpqupv t rMJ

otqoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutusqÄĄoxprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopswotÄĄ

Ç?Çłpprpxsw qt sMJ

oxprtoÄĄpostptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqurtÄĄpqpvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppuqtw s qMJ

opqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsqpwÄĄpopvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^uqpqorq pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owrttwJ+vrtsoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oqpxqsJ+tptusoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrttwJ+

vrtsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqpxqsJ+tptusoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqpxqsJ+tptusoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrqtoJ+qstvtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqpxqsJ+tptusoS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrqtoJ+qstvtoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owrttwJ+vrtsoSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrqtoJ+qstvtoSI[+L[H XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqpxqsJ+tptuso SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowoptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoouquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovorsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?26


qsÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;>HtqP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqq9[bTL.W[QqsOX[;qo @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrssoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<otpsptJ+qxprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopvpo pr 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osqtrxJ+tvpqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otpsptJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<oxopqtJ+wspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpprwv qq pMJ

orpwswQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrpsvÄĄovprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportrvÄĄ

O^Kporrrw r qMJ

oxprtoÄĄoxtxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropqwÄĄosruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopuqust q pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupopt(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<osqvsxJ+tvqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowtosx ps (

qxprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ottvqvJ+pspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrvv q rMJ

oxpqpqJ+xppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoptuÄĄ

QĂžTqqstx t rMJ

opovrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsstwÄĄportrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpprrptp qu pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosruqtÄĄouppqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrroÄĄoppxoq

U\Lppurqtq s qMJ S[Č&#x2030;oqppvqp q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqppvqp pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<osqworJ+tvqosoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxoprxJ+wsqpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osqwor J+tvqosoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

osqworJ+tvqosoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otpsroJ+qxpsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otpsroJ+qxpsqtS I[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxoprx J+wsqpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otpsroJ+qxpsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osqworJ+tvqoso SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orowqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?27


qtÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ps5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqr9[bTL.W[QqtOX[;qp @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]\Ă&#x160;bT[>L[Ć&#x2020;Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrsqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ourrprJ+rqrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppprp ps 

oupptxJ+pstpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otturo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovoqstJ+rtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqrtqtp qr pMJ

I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrotoÄĄovpqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoworopÄĄ

O^Kpqqqtq r qMJ

ouppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqswÄĄoxprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpwotÄĄ

ǜžopvsosr q qMJ

osorrvÄĄotrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoworopÄĄowtrss

S[Č&#x2030;oqppspp q rMJ

popupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopupoÄĄpptppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louporv(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<osqutpJ+tvpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxsooq pt (

J+ppsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ourrprJ+rqrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqsstv q sMJ

oxpppuJ+xwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<oxopttJ+wtoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqqsrsp t rMJ

portpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovqqÄĄoqswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosropvÄĄ

Ç?Çłpprsrto qu pMJ

osorrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpossttÄĄpproquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lppusorx s rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsqswÄĄowqwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsporÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqppspp pu pMJ

oxoqqwÄĄpoqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ourrovJ+rqrrqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oupqprJ+pstsvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottuqrJ+

pproSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ourrovJ+rqrrqoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupqprJ+pstsvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oupqprJ+pstsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L< ourrovJ+rqrrqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottuqrJ+pproSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ourrovJ+rqrrqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouowtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqptpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orosrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?28


quÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qs\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pt5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqs9[bTL.W[QquOX[;qq @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqssO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovqsovJ+rsstrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqorpu pt 

<ovqvssJ+stuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovrwrpJ+tqrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poupwqq qr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrtwÄĄopovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kpsppqr r rMJ

oqrptuÄĄosoqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqosrÄĄovpprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopwtssp q qMJ

oroprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqxtsÄĄovotpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosruto

S[Č&#x2030;oqpppo q rMJ

ÄĄotrrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupotx(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ouppqtJ+psrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lporrou pu (

ovoqpoJ+rtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovqsovJ+rsstrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqtqst q sMJ

\Oj[L<oxopqoJ+wswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<owqwpqJ+vqwt

QĂžTqrqqqq t sMJ

owqwquÄĄpossstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptrvÄĄopsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpprttsr qu pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoupqovÄĄoutvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqupvÄĄ

U\Lppuswqv s rMJ

ÄĄoupqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupqovÄĄovrvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosowro

Â&#x201E;9H^uqpppo pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oupprxJ+pssqqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovqvtxJ+stvrqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U

ÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupprxJ+

pssqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp

prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupprxJ+pssqqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqvtxJ+stvrqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqvtxJ+stvrqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/ Q[J[L<ovqsqqJ+rssupoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oupprxJ+pssqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovqsqqJ+rssupoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovqvtxJ+stvrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouotoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqppptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxowtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?29


qvÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqt9[bTL.W[QqvOX[;qr @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpsvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovssqvJ+rtrwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqtppv pu 

M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<owprpsJ+utqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rtrwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovsropJ+trvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popwtvp qs sMJ

ovrosuJ+tusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLoupxtqÄĄ

O^Kpttxu r rMJ

otqwtwÄĄoupxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovotÄĄoptvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžoqowrv q rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosrosqÄĄotqpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpuspÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;oqpvto q rMJ

pptossÄĄopquppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvrxÄĄoqsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louppqp(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<ovqvrpJ+stuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqwsw pv (

O\G@\Oj[L<ovrvtwJ+tqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovssqvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oquorp q sMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<owqwooJ+vqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<

QĂžTqspq t sMJ

oxsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsrpqÄĄoxprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppsvrp qu pMJ

outvtpÄĄovsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptpvÄĄorpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpputupw s rMJ

osoqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoptpwÄĄpptossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^uqpvto pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovqvqtJ+stuvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovrorwJ+tuqvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owprowJ+ utqsqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[  \Oj[L<ovqvqtJ+stuvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L <ovrorwJ+tuqvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtv wpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqvqtJ+stuvtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs

quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owprowJ+utqsqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqvqtJ+stuvtSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owprowJ+utqsqtSI[+L[HK[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqvqtJ+stuvtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovssspJ+rtrxpvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovqvqtJ+stuvt SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovssspJ+rtrxpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owprowJ+utqsqtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouopovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqovpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxotorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?30


qwÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqu9[bTL.W[QqwOX[;qs @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]-MS[@Tž]h[59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrotoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovrrsxJ+rtpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprtov

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<owqwrpJ+vrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGOO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovputrJ+srsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppptoqt qt sMJ

psrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqworÄĄovpooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpvsttw r sMJ

-X[ÄĄppqxsqÄĄoqrossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrxttÄĄotqpts

ǜžoqpqqrq q rMJ

oqrossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoropspÄĄosrvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louppss(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<owproqJ+utqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

pv O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqtto pw (

<ovsrpoJ+trvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovrrsxJ+rtpsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqutwpt r pMJ

Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ovrorsJ+tupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ouowroJ+

QĂžTqsrxsq t sMJ

-X[ÄĄporrtxÄĄopoutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutwoxÄĄoxprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłppspxpr qu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtuÄĄorrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstqxÄĄ

U\Lppvspo s rMJ

ovorsoÄĄowrxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqvqwÄĄpptqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqpsrx q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqpsrx pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owpqttJ+utqpoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owqwqtJ+vrrpoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovroqvJ+ttuoSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpqttJ+utqpoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqwqtJ+

vrrpoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpqttJ+utqpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< owqwqtJ+vrrpoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owpqttJ+utqpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ovrrsqJ+

rtpsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrrsqJ+rtpsvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovroqvJ+ttuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<owpqttJ+utqpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrrsqJ+rtpsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owqwqtJ+vrrpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqorqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoussosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxopovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?31


qxÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqv9[bTL.W[QqxOX[;qt @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxtsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<outqtvJ+rrrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpstw

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<owqwsqJ+vrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

srstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<outqtvJ+rrrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppstxqx qu sMJ

ouowspJ+psrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<osqrrrJ+tvqrpqt

O^Kpxrptq r sMJ

opoutoÄĄoqswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoorÄĄotqqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžoqqruqv q rMJ

opsstxÄĄorptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoutoÄĄoptvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqppqw q rMJ

owrwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqttxÄĄoropstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqov(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqvox\Oj[LoxsqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

pw O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrpt px (

owptqrJ+vqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovpvotJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqvtttv r pMJ

\Oj[L<ouqptxJ+qpxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<

QĂžTqtpwqo t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLowooqrÄĄporrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppsroto qu pMJ

ouprpvÄĄoutwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprtvÄĄppqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lppvpqs s rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpsrwÄĄpqtxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoqttÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqppqw pu pMJ

ovrvtwÄĄoxoqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owqwrtJ+vrrrtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owptpuJ+vqroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L 9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouowrrJ+psrroSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqwrtJ+vrrrtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owptpuJ+ vqroSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

owqwrtJ+vrrrtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<outrpqJ+

rrrtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outrpqJ+rrrtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(

\Oj[L<ouowrrJ+psrroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owqwrtJ+vrrrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<outrpqJ+rrrtvtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owptpuJ+vqroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?32


roÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqw9[bTL.W[QroOX[;qu @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwtwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otssstJ+rosupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqtprv

\Oj[L<ovrvosJ+tqxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otoppoJ+twtxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqwqspu qv sMJ

J+tqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotqupuÄĄovowrt

O^Kppppust s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutwspÄĄoxprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrtqÄĄotqwtw

ǜžoqrtoqo q sMJ

posrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsqrÄĄpqptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;oqotwpw q rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrwovÄĄpopsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsooxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqro(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<owpttuJ+vspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

px O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqosq qo (

ouqqrqJ+qqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otssstJ+rosupqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqwtrrw r pMJ

Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<osqrstJ+tvqrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<oqpvqq

QĂžTqttutx t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsqosÄĄppqsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoppÄĄotqqrp

Ç?Çłppssqqq qu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptvtqÄĄorsoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxprstÄĄ

U\Lppvpxuo s rMJ

posrsvÄĄppqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxtwÄĄopqttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^uqotwpw pu pMJ

ososrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owpttoJ+vrttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovrvpwJ+tqxsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqqqtJ+qqoqqt SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpttoJ+vrttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpttoJ+vrttSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ovrvpwJ+tqxsvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L <owpttoJ+vrttSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrvpwJ+tqxsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otsstxJ+rosusvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouqqqtJ+qqoqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owpttoJ+vrttSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<

otsstxJ+rosusvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovrvpwJ+tqxsvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqppqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opotrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?33


rpÂ&#x2026;OU[:trQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qx\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qo5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;>HtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqx9[bTL.W[QrpOX[;qv @Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S]W[\OĂ&#x160;]>H^­JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqworO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ospqsvJ+qutwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orquow

\Oj[L<ourvroJ+rqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<orpwqtJ+tsssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opqrtw p sMJ

pqtwqwÄĄorprpuQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqtqrÄĄovovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpprorp s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxprswÄĄoxtwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroptsÄĄ

ǜžoqtspr q sMJ

pptposÄĄopptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqtr(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<ovrvrwJ+trorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

qo O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorpwqw qp (

otopstJ+txottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L<ospqsvJ+qutwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqxtppv r pMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½S[\H<pptrprJ+suxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QĂžTqurtru t sMJ

-X[ÄĄporqtqÄĄopouruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsprvÄĄporqtq

Ç?Çłppstrsv qu pMJ

osrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrvtxÄĄoupsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lppvqvtv s rMJ S[Č&#x2030;oqottv q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqottv pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovrvtqJ+trppqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ourvstJ+rrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupw

qoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrvtqJ+trppqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <ourvstJ+rrtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<ovrvtqJ+trppqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ourvstJ+rrtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ourvstJ+rrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ospqsoJ+qutwpqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovrvtqJ+trppqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ospqsoJ+qutwpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotstqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqovqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LospxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpporqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?34


p„@DtrQ[\S/bS/tu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSq„@D>[Ńro\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qp5\ÑTusuO[+T[bJUw…OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTp…OU[:tuw…QcHro9[bTL.W[Qp„@Dqw

@Q[\J1WW[\Lqt\X@S] W[+¾[\ļX\QH/rp…OU[:trQ[\S ususqo W[9TbWL J+wtvqqt <xrSWQj  .\@„Qg\L Q^SO^S\Jj[\XL[\L NT[X[S]9[\T9[M^@[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvoxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ „O\LSMS<oqqopxJ+qqpxro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortxsv

<otqpoqJ+txtrqt„Mj[I[+L[H„S[\XG]9SGL[;„O\LSMS<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HOO„R[;„U[PLS[\H<oxprtvJ+rxrrrt„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě

„@[T[9oqttvr q sMJ

owqxoo„Mj[-X[ġpqtwotġorpqrv„Mj[-X[ġortvqwġ

O^Kppssrt s qMJ

oxsppoġporqro„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtwrpġowsxto„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqupwt q sMJ

poprpt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoprptġppsxro„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louprpv(

Ñ\HMJLíÊPSG]\Oj[L<ourwquJ+rssvt„Mj[I[+L[H9`\ġ9[\Oj[L

qp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lospvpv qq (

oqqopxJ+qqpxro„Mj[I[+L[H\9Ǣö\Oj[L<oppvsoJ+sxst„Mj[

„OT]poswts r qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqptpoġoqsxox„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpsqwġ

QþTqvpspr u pMJ

otqvox„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoupttpġovovpp„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzppttv qu pMJ

9^\T9S[\Hovsspoġowqxoo„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrvopġ

U\Lppvrttu s rMJ

oxoqrwġpoquss„Mj[(

S[ȉoqotptu q rMJ

„9H^uqotptu pu pMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<ourwpwJ+rsqvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<oqqorsJ+qqqovtSI[+L[H

O`VS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[ \OM[H\Oj[L<otqotsJ+txtrtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<oqqorsJ+qqqovtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<

ourwpwJ+rsqvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<otqotsJ+txtrtS

I[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ourwpwJ+rsqvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqqorsJ+qqqovtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/

QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ourwpwJ+rsqvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/„O\LS MS<oqqorsJ+qqqovtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourwpwJ+rsqvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oqqorsJ+qqqovtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otqotsJ+txtrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotspqw„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovquro„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxrpos„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsvrx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqorrp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losptqt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louqwqo„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owstqs„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpotxrq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqtvsq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvor„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoups„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď35


qÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHp/=[.W[QqÂ&#x201E;@Dqx@Q[\J1WW[\L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqupuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<pqpqssJ+pvqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrrtw

\Oj[L<ortprvJ+tupptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<ouqrpoJ+rqqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppoppt s pMJ

ovssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqwppÄĄopsqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpptxÄĄ

O^Kppuqsqo s qMJ

oxsossÄĄpqpstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouptotÄĄovouroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqvrptu r pMJ

oroqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqrsoÄĄovooosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;oqoswsu q rMJ

osoqqoÄĄotqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprso(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<otqprvJ+txtstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

qq O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotpwpo qr (

pqpqssJ+pvqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<pporrwJ+ssxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppsuqx r qMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLorsorwÄĄoupstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutxrwÄĄ

QĂžTqvtqsx u pMJ

otqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqrsoÄĄouptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpptpuqp qu pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoupstqÄĄoutxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtsoÄĄ

U\Lppvsrtv s rMJ

osrwqwÄĄoupstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupstqÄĄovrwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqoswsu pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ortprpJ+tuppsqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ortprpJ+tuppsqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<ortprpJ+tuppsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqpqrvJ+ pvqqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqpqrvJ+pvqqqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtqrtJ+pppsqqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

pqpqrvJ+pvqqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ortprpJ+tuppsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxtqrtJ+pppsqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosppqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owspqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpottrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?36


rÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qr5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHq/=[.W[QrÂ&#x201E;@DpS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxtrrxJ+pppvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otpopr

<ortqrtJ+tupsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[\Oj[L<oqpssoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsotvJ+rwptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqsprsv t pMJ

orqsowJ+qtrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovotsxÄĄ

O^Kppwspq s rMJ

ovssrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrpxÄĄpqtvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžoqwstsu r pMJ

9^\T9S[\HorppqqÄĄortuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopqroÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;oqostrt q rMJ

oppsouÄĄoqrvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsos(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ovqvoxJ+tpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L

qr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqqox qs (

tqppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxtrrxJ+pppvqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqssr r qMJ

ovqvoxJ+tpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

QĂžTqwrpqt u pMJ

oxsopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsswÄĄoqsxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouptpvÄĄ

Ç?Çłpptqvqx qu pMJ

osrqpvÄĄotqrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrqpvÄĄotqrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppvtptx s rMJ

ppsxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxorÄĄopqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^uqostrt pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsqrJ+qtrtqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqpsrrJ+tqppqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsqrJ+ qtrtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsu vxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqpsrrJ+tqppqqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqp qrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxtrrrJ+

pppusvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqpsrrJ+tqppqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SG O[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxtrrrJ+pppusvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

oxtrrrJ+pppusvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqvoqJ+tpqrtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxtrrrJ+pppusvtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqpsrrJ+tqppqqtS I[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqvoqJ+tpqrtSI[+L[H \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosovrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?37


s„@DtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSt„@D>[ŃrO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qs5\ÑTusuO[+T[bJUpp…OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTs…OU[:tuw…QcHr/=[.W[Qs„@DqS@Oqt \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsrpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ovqwovJ+tptpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ottopv

oorsqxJ+swrpt„Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG;S\Oj[L<ovqwovJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<ostxqvJ+txtso„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;K`\H\Oj[L<

„@[T[9qwrpqt u pMJ

I[+L[H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLowswpxġporpqx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpsor

O^Kppxsqrq s rMJ

orttqpġosrxtu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxqrġorsotv„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqxtxrt r pMJ

osrwtx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutwsrġowrtqu„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsqw(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ostxqvJ+txtso„Mj[I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊ.Í­[\Oj[L<

qs O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovqxso qt (

tptpvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouprrtJ+rqwtvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]prsprt r rMJ

pqqppoJ+pvqvtt„Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<oxpuovJ+xsvqo„Mj[

QþTqxpoo u pMJ

ġpqpqqs„Mj[-X[ġopsprtġorpost„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

Ǐdzpptrwrp qu pMJ

9^\T9S[\Hopsprtġoqqupo„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroqpuġ

U\Lppwoq s rMJ

poquroġpptoou„Mj[(

S[ȉoqosqqt q rMJ

„9H^uqosqqt pu pMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oorssqJ+swrsvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<

oorssqJ+swrsvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oorssqJ+ swrsvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ostxspJ+txuptS I[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oorssqJ+

swrsvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqwooJ+tptSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< ostxspJ+txuptSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqwooJ+tptSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<oorssqJ+swrsvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostxspJ+txuptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotqxso„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovpssq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxpxpu„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprttq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[optpsq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losorrx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Loupurq„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owrrru„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hposvst„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqstts„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqtpt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortsqv„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď38


tÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;tO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qt5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHt/=[.W[QtÂ&#x201E;@DrS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otooquJ+txwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourttu qu 

potuqwJ+srtwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otooquJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oqrsrvJ+trtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqqtoso v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotqpppÄĄovtupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpqppxpt s sMJ

oupuouÄĄovoorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqowÄĄoqqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppprqr r qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqxrvÄĄoxtwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouowÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;oqorxps q rMJ

outworÄĄowrsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtrpÄĄoroqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupstq(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<oqrsrvJ+trtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrxtv qu (

txwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsutxJ+qusroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]psrxu r rMJ

oxpvouJ+xsxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ouptpwJ+qpvpvt

QĂžTqxswrt u pMJ

oxrxroÄĄpqpsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspovÄĄosrqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpptsxqv qu pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqsxqwÄĄorspovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrqsvÄĄotqsqv

U\Lppwwv s rMJ

optvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqowÄĄpqturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^uqorxps pu pMJ

9[TS[\HovrxrrÄĄoxorooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[S[\H<potuqoJ+srtvtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ S[\H<potuqoJ+srtvtqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<potuqoJ+

srtvtqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<potuqoJ+srtvtqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqrstpJ+

trupoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(

\Oj[L<oxpvqoJ+xtoqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ S[\H<potuqoJ+srtvtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqrstpJ+trupoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovposuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?39


u„@DtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSv„@D>[ŃuO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qu5\ÑTusuO[+T[bJUpr…OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTu…OU[:tuw…QcHu/=[.W[Qu„@DsS@Oqt \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqtoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ \Oj[L<oopvqqJ+svqsqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourttu qu 

„9gTO„O\LSMS<opqtqtJ+qopqrt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

qpxsvt„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ\Oj[L<orqpqpJ+ttsqqt„Mj[I[+L[HǝO

„@[T[9rvwp w qMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpurqġoxtwrw„Mj[-X[ġpqpptrġopsoss

O^Kpqqtspq s sMJ

ppqvqw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswqwġopqtqx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louptpv(

WŌQ]LíÊM^V½[S[\H<oxqstuJ+soppqqt„Mj[I[+L[H-bƂV[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrxtv qu (

oopvqqJ+svqsqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;;Ě\Oj[L<oupupwJ+

„OT]ptrurt r rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovttrvġppqqrt„Mj[-X[ġoptvsxġotqssv

QþTqpoqvw u qMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqrtġpqpsqo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposrorġ

Ǐdzppuopu qu pMJ

owrsqtġpoppqv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqruptġortxrq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pqqvpp r qMJ

U\Lppwpupr s rMJ S[ȉoqorur q rMJ

„9H^uqorur pu pMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„Ph[;H[S[\QÊS[\H<oxqssxJ+sopptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^L O`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHS[\H<oxqssxJ+sopptS

I[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<oxqssxJ+sopptSI[+L[H<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oopvptJ+svqsvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oopvptJ+

svqsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oopvptJ+svqsvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oupupoJ+qpxqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxqssxJ+sopptSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oopvptJ+svqsvtSI[+L[H XO[\W\ĭbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovouto„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxppqr„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppqwoo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opsrto„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orttsu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louowso„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owqtst

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hporxtr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqrwor„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpvqq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsurt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpvtq„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď40


vÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;vO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qv5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHv/=[.W[QvÂ&#x201E;@DtS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqooO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<poppsoJ+sqpopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovqwrt qv 

;S\Oj[L<ppprpsJ+pssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<poppsoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<oorvtpJ+swpvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqppxtx x qMJ

pqpprxÄĄoqqsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrqoÄĄotqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpqsqvpu t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrwsrÄĄpororrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpspwÄĄ

ǜžprsotv r rMJ

osrxsvÄĄouputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsxqwÄĄoppqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptsq(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owosruJ+rutqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtoqt qv (

sqpopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxpsquJ+xswuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]pursq r rMJ

orspqxÄĄouputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoppvÄĄoxpspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTqpptsq u qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpxruÄĄouppquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrwsrÄĄppqqqq

Ç?Çłppupotx qu pMJ

oxtwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqrvÄĄosrxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppwqsqo s rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;oqorqtr q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqorqtr pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owosqwJ+rutqpoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<poppttJ+sqposvtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;

H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<poppttJ+sqposvtS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owosqwJ+rutqpoSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owosqwJ+rutqpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

poppttJ+sqposvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<poppttJ+sqposvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poppttJ+

sqposvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppprowJ+pssrtoSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poppttJ+sqposvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovoqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouosssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqpsx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?41


wÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;wO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qw5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHw/=[.W[QwÂ&#x201E;@DuS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqrqJ+rvrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqwqs qw 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxptouJ+xtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqrqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HS[\H<poowopJ+sqqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9stqrqs po qMJ

pqttsoÄĄorowquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqspÄĄotqpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpqttwpx t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtsrrÄĄowsuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsttrÄĄ

ǜžpstssr r rMJ

poposvÄĄppswouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxorqoÄĄpoqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuou(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Q[J[L<ovooqwJ+rspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotvpr qw (

rvrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovrtqrJ+tsrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]pvrpqw r sMJ

pqpsorÄĄoqsxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupvqqÄĄowroowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTqppssps u qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoupossÄĄovoqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrwqpÄĄporopt

Ç?Çłppuqpru qu pMJ

owroowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrrqwÄĄpoposvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppwrqqw s rMJ S[Č&#x2030;oqoqxsq q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqoqxsq pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ovooqoJ+rsprstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Q[J[L<ovooqoJ+rsprstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovooqoJ+rsprstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqsvJ+rvrxtqtS

I[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;

O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqsvJ+rvrxtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxptqpJ+xtppvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovooqoJ+rsprstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqsvJ+rvrxtqtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ 

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxorrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvtr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqroppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?42


xÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;xO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qx5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHx/=[.W[QxÂ&#x201E;@DvS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqoqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<outspwJ+rsorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrrrq qx 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovrtsqJ+tssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L<ovttoxJ+rurqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spxptqw pp qMJ

ÄĄovsuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvooÄĄoprxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorovtqÄĄ

O^Kpqvqvpq t qMJ

oxrvtxÄĄpqprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupoosÄĄovoqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpuwqw r rMJ

oroqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpwotÄĄouttrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossoqo

S[Č&#x2030;oqoqurp q rMJ

ortvrsÄĄotqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupurq(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Q[J[L<oupuroJ+rqquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptvoo qx (

Q[J[L<outspwJ+rsorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oupwsoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pwqwtr r sMJ

I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLorsptpÄĄoupvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovoptw

QĂžTqpqqqsu u qMJ

otqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpwotÄĄoupoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppurqu qu pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoupvswÄĄovoptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtqsÄĄ

U\Lppwsorv s rMJ

ÄĄoupvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupvswÄĄovsorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqoqurp pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<oupuqsJ+rqqtsvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oupwtsJ+qrrtqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oupwtsJ+qrrtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<oupuqsJ+rqqtsvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<oupuqsJ+rqqtsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<oupuqsJ+rqqtsvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/Q[J[L<outsppJ+rsoptSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovrttvJ+tsssoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<oupuqsJ+rqqtsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<outsppJ+rsopt SI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oupwtsJ+qrrtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouttoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprtu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqotrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otouosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?43


poÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;poO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ro5\Ă&#x2018;TusuO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/=[.W[QpoÂ&#x201E;@DwS@O qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxruO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ottoprJ+rpqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lposort ro 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oupxooJ+qrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<ouoqsxJ+rptrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqtsq pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupwpsÄĄovsuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqsvÄĄpqttor

O^Kpqwtrst t qMJ

ÄĄotqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorovqoÄĄortpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpvqqpq r sMJ

9[TS[\HoppprtÄĄoqrspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louputv(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Q[J[L<ottvorJ+rprxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqswqw ro (

ottoprJ+rpqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otqwruJ+oqxtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pxqupu r sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovopqwÄĄoxrvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprsxÄĄoqsxtx

QĂžTqprppw u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrsovÄĄotqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrsov

Ç?Çłppusqqx qu qMJ

popopoÄĄppsvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvsvÄĄopqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppwswsw s rMJ S[Č&#x2030;oqoqrqp q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqoqrqp pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ottutvJ+rprxSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ottutv J+rprxSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottootJ+rpqptoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottutvJ+rprxSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottutvJ+rprxSI[+L[H M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ottootJ+rpqptoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oupwtrJ+qrrtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ottootJ+rpqptoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottutvJ+rprxSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orrotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?44


ppÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[QppÂ&#x201E;@DxS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwtoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<otpsprJ+qxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsupr p 

O\G@\Oj[L<otqwruJ+oqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otpsprJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<osrqqwJ+qwxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpupvrs pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄoprwsvÄĄorouswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HortosxÄĄ

O^Kqopvsv t rMJ

oprwsvÄĄoqqqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLororoxÄĄossotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpwrttu r sMJ

ppswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvqq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Q[J[L<ouostxJ+rqottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprqpx p (

qxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otovqqJ+txrwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]ppoqrrw s pMJ

\JLowstpoÄĄpoqxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpssqÄĄpqpostÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqprrxsx u rMJ

osrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtoovÄĄorsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpputqst qu qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoutsqqÄĄowrqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqupsÄĄ

U\Lppwtutx s rMJ S[Č&#x2030;oqoqopo q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqoqopo pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ouostpJ+rqortSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouostp J+rqortSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L< otpsotJ+qxtrsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LTX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ouostpJ+rqortSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[TX= .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<

otpsotJ+qxtrsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otpsotJ+qxtrsoSI[+L[HM_\H9[ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqwroJ+oqxsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otpsotJ+qxtrsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L< ouostpJ+rqortSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppowqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orruouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotsxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owouot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?45


pqÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pqO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/=[.W[QpqÂ&#x201E;@DpoS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<otowqwJ+qxspqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqswrt q 

\>Ă&#x160;[Q[J[L<ousqsvJ+rrrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otpvovJ+osstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqxqtqr ps qMJ

\JLotptttÄĄovtqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrutwÄĄpqprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqprxx t rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqporrÄĄoqqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtoptÄĄorsqqw

ǜžpxsxrw r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopotsxÄĄoptwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqporrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;oqoputx q rMJ

opqtqsÄĄororpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovspqwÄĄoxortpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvsw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpttt\Oj[LoxrutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqpopt q (

otovqrJ+txrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otowqwJ+qxspqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pppqotw s pMJ

O½H]M[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orquruJ+qtqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTqpspwpx u rMJ

-X[ÄĄorsqqwÄĄosrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupxouÄĄovoroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłppvqtt qu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrssoÄĄotqutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrotsÄĄoxtwst

U\Lppxtpp s rMJ

pqtsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutrsxÄĄowrpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^uqoputx pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orquqvJ+qtquqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ousqsoJ+rrrutqtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orquqvJ+

qtquqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqo qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ousqsoJ+rrrutqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otowqoJ+qxspqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otowqoJ+qxspqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orquqvJ+qtquqoSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L< otowqoJ+qxspqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJQ[J[L<ousqsoJ+rrrutqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpposqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqpo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?46


prÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;prO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/=[.W[QprÂ&#x201E;@DppS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvqpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otrrqoJ+rostpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsvqp r 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otpusvJ+orttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqstpqJ+qrsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upqpvrt pt qMJ

otqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupxrqÄĄoxtwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoqqÄĄ

O^Kqqtvrx t rMJ

posqrxÄĄppqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvqrÄĄopqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppprqo s pMJ

orttovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwps(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Q[J[L<ovtpprJ+ruroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqssov r (

otrrqoJ+rostpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ottvsxJ+pswpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppqpwpv s pMJ

M\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLovtqotÄĄppqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptwouÄĄ

QĂžTqpstusx u rMJ

oprwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqppsÄĄpqprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłppvpqtv qu qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrppwÄĄpooxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrqtrÄĄ

U\Lppxprqs s rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;oqoprsx q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqoprsx pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ovtpotJ+ruqxsoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovtpotJ+ruqxsoSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otrrrtJ+rostttS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L <ovtpotJ+ruqxsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ovtpotJ+ruqxsoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otrrrtJ+rostttSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otpurxJ+ orrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<

otrrrtJ+rostttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L< ovtpotJ+ruqxsoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppooqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotspoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqporpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?47


psÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;psO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHps/=[.W[QpsÂ&#x201E;@DpqS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpurvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ouqwsxJ+rrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrpr s 

9SG;S\Oj[L<ottvoxJ+psuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouqwsx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqvrvJ+qrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqsttpo pu qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpoppÄĄoqqprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxosÄĄotpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqsprs t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxruqpÄĄpoqwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxptotÄĄ

ǜžppqpvp s pMJ

osspswÄĄoupxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppswpwÄĄoppoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwso(

M_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[S[\H<oxqwqvJ+sorsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orptrs s (

J+rrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovoutwJ+ssqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]pprptrs s pMJ

\JLorsqtrÄĄoupxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovorstÄĄoxptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqptrtpw u rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpsrrÄĄououtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruqpÄĄppqpot

Ç?Çłppvqqtq qu qMJ

oxtwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLororrvÄĄosspswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppxqprv s rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;oqoporw q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqoporw pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ouqwspJ+rrtqoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<oxqwspJ+sortqoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ouqwspJ+rrtqoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9

Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxqwspJ+ sortqoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqvqxJ+ qrqqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouqwspJ+rrtqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxqwspJ+sortqoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<

oxqwspJ+sortqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<

ouqwspJ+rrtqoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ottvoqJ+psupqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ouqwspJ+rrtqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqwspJ+sortqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoturrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtspv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoowqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orptowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?48


ptÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ptO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/=[.W[QptÂ&#x201E;@DprS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovtotvJ+rurqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorrvpr t 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovoupxJ+ssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovtotvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrppvJ+qrprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vvpxsv pv qMJ

owrprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtrsrÄĄorossxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswrpÄĄ

O^Kqtqtpp t sMJ

oxruosÄĄpoqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtppqÄĄowsrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpprrosp s qMJ

poowtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoowtoÄĄppsvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxou(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[S[\H<pprprwJ+stssqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsuot t (

rurqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owsorxJ+wrwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ppspqto s qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprqqÄĄoqtospÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqoqtÄĄ

QĂžTqpuprsv u rMJ

otptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLououpxÄĄoutwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppvrqso qu qMJ

9^\T9S[\HovsvsxÄĄowrprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrorpÄĄ

U\Lppxqxtp s rMJ

oxospwÄĄpoqupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqovqv q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqovqv pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<pprprqJ+stssvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<ovtotpJ+rurqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pprprqJ+stssvtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovtotpJ+rurqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pprprqJ+stssvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[TX=

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L< ovtotpJ+rurqqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovoupqJ+ssosvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovtotpJ+rurqqtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<pprprqJ+stssvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowruooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtoqp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoosrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqoqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?49


puÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;puO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/=[.W[QpuÂ&#x201E;@DpsS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ S[\H<oxrsopJ+sotpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losroqw u 

O[TO\Oj[L<owrxrxJ+wrtuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxrsopJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLorsrqpÄĄouqotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpxrrtq pw pMJ

orosqpÄĄotptprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotprptÄĄouotstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqurrsv t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqotqÄĄovosqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtrpÄĄ

ǜžppsssqp s qMJ

ÄĄouqotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqotqÄĄovsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrqu

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxrq(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<optspuJ+tpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osputu u (

sotpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtqtwJ+qsxpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pptpot s qMJ

ovosqxÄĄovswovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqupsÄĄoprvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTqputqpt u sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrtsvÄĄpqprpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouotstÄĄoutwpu

Ç?Çłppvsqqp qu qMJ

orortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotprptÄĄoutpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossqqt

U\Lppxrwu s rMJ

ÄĄotptprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oqospv q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqospv pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<optsoxJ+tpsrsvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owrxrpJ+wrtsoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L <optsoxJ+tpsrsvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<optsoxJ+tpsrsvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspu pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxrspsJ+

sotqqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxrspsJ+sotqqvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrxrpJ+wrtsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<oxrspsJ+sotqqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L< optsoxJ+tpsrsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oposrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsuqt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpooortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orovpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?50


pvÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pvO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/=[.W[QpvÂ&#x201E;@DptS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<pprpotJ+stsuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqrtt v 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pororvJ+prpstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qtrssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLoutvsvÄĄoxrtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpsopx px pMJ

-X[ÄĄposqruÄĄpqtrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosruoxÄĄotqwss

O^Kqvrwrv u pMJ

orsvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoowqrÄĄppsutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxtx(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<osqwqwJ+twppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ossxqo v (

pprpotJ+stsuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqurr

Â&#x201E;OT]ppuvpx s qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqprpuÄĄoqtpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqppxÄĄovswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqpvrosr u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosruoxÄĄotqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorortsÄĄ

Ç?Çłppvtpts qu qMJ

ppsutwÄĄopqtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopoxrtÄĄoqrppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppttvuo s qMJ U\Lppxsuqp s rMJ S[Č&#x2030;oqopu q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uqopu pu pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<osqwsqJ+twppsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<porotqJ+prptrtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osqwsq J+twppsqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pprotxJ+ststtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osqwsqJ+twppsqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<pprotxJ+ststtqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pprotxJ+ststtqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<porotqJ+prptrtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<pprotxJ+ ststtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osqwsqJ+twppsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpossssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqqx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ororqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?51


pwÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pwO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/=[.W[QpwÂ&#x201E;@DpuS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprtrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oprpswJ+totottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupwpo w 

<ovotpoJ+sssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPQ[J[L<osottrJ+qvpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wprsqqs qo pMJ

pqoxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprurpÄĄororqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Kqwrxqv u pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprurpÄĄoqpxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorosqoÄĄ

ǜžppvpprw s rMJ

poqupxÄĄppsvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqoqt(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<osqvroJ+twwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otqsqt w (

pqrotwJ+pwpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oprpswJ+totott

Â&#x201E;OT]ppvsrq s rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowsqrvÄĄpoqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxptsoÄĄ

QĂžTqpwxpo u sMJ

orsutuÄĄosroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtppoÄĄorsrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppwppx qu qMJ

ossrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutossÄĄowqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lppxtsru s rMJ S[Č&#x2030;opxtvtt q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upxtvtt pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ovotorJ+sssqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqrotqJ+pwpvvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ovotorJ+sssqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovotorJ+sssqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovotorJ+sssqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <oprqorJ+totprqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqrotqJ+pwpvvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oprqorJ+totprqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovotorJ+sssqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[; Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpososwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opropqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?52


pxÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pxO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/=[.W[QpxÂ&#x201E;@DpvS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<orqvrpJ+ttsprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovprqq x 

\Oj[L<oxrsqoJ+potwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžQ[J[L<ossrqwJ+qwtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqtsrrw qo sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssosÄĄosrusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqprÄĄovotrv

O^Kqxruo u pMJ

orssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrusvÄĄotqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrqquÄĄ

ǜžppwqtpt s rMJ

pqoxquÄĄpqtqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutopvÄĄowqxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opxtsst q qMJ

oxostxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqotq(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<ovortqJ+ssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louorox po (

oqropuJ+qrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<orqvrpJ+ttsprvt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwpsr s rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotppquÄĄovsxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtoqÄĄpqprpp

QĂžTqpwsvrv u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxquÄĄoqpxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtpqpÄĄ

Ç?Çłppwporv qu qMJ

oxtxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopottsÄĄoptwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lpqoqtq s sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqtspÄĄorosrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsrruÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^upxtsst pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ovosovJ+sspsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrorpJ+qrpvsqtSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H \Oj[L<oxrsrtJ+potxpvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[

L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9 S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovosovJ+sspsqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrorpJ+qrpvsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovosovJ+

sspsqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrsrtJ+potxpvtSI[+L[Hprt uwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovosovJ+sspsqtS I[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovosovJ+sspsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V 8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orqvqsJ+ttspqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovosovJ+sspsqtSI[+L[HM^S[

Q[X[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orqvqsJ+ttspqoSI[+L[H

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxrsrtJ+potxpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouptsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orosrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqttqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?53


qoÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qoO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/=[.W[QqoÂ&#x201E;@DpwS@O qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqrwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<otowovJ+txtsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howoxoq po 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ospxrpJ+qvtprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rossvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLovsxpsÄĄppqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xvsvrs qp sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqoxpxÄĄoprttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoqrÄĄpqprpo

O^Kqpoqwo u qMJ

opqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqwsxÄĄpoovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqppx(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<oxrrquJ+potuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousupt pp (

otowovJ+txtsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹQ[J[L<otpqsvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwtwts s rMJ

-X[ÄĄoptwssÄĄotqxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqsoÄĄoxtxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqpxqur u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposqrxÄĄppqttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsusuÄĄ

Ç?Çłppwpxsv qu qMJ

oqroowÄĄortpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppxrwtq s rMJ U\Lpqoppw s sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;opxtprs q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upxtprs pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxrrpxJ+potuvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrrpxJ+potuvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrrpx J+potuvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrrpxJ+potuvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oxrrpxJ+potuvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otovtwJ+txtsvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxrrpxJ+potuvtSI[+L[H

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L

<otovtwJ+txtsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouppswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqswswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotprrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?54


qpÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qpO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/=[.W[QqpÂ&#x201E;@DpxS@O qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<otovppJ+txtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxosoo pp 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ppsuswJ+purppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ottooqJ+rprxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ouqusuJ+rpqqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpxtvrv qq rMJ

Â&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLorssrsÄĄouqrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovouqrÄĄ

O^Kqppptpp u qMJ

otpqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpopxÄĄouorppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpqotqqw s sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxpupoÄĄoxtxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorostuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;opxswqr q qMJ

ppsvrtÄĄopowspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpsu(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<ouqusuJ+rpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovrrtr pq (

K\LĆ&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otovppJ+txtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]ppxtur s rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Q[J[L<otqvsrJ+rosrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTqqosqx v pMJ

oxpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpqÄĄoqpwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstroÄĄ

Ç?Çłppwqwsx qu qMJ

oxrsruÄĄppqopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrsruÄĄpoqvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqopxqs s sMJ

osssoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosssoqÄĄouqrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^upxswqr pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ppsusoJ+purotqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ouqurxJ+rpqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppsusoJ+ purotqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqurxJ+

rpqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopq psptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsusoJ+purotqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppsusoJ+purotqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ouqurxJ+rpqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqurxJ+rpqvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ppsusoJ+purotqtS I[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouqurxJ+

rpqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L \H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouovtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?55


qqÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qpO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/=[.W[QqqÂ&#x201E;@DqoS@O qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ouqttpJ+rpovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtusu pq 

MS<oprvowJ+qpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovpvsqJ+tqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqputs qr rMJ

ÄĄoqtpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqrrtÄĄowrrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqpw

O^Kqpptvpt u qMJ

ouoqsrÄĄouttrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsqsÄĄpoqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqqur s sMJ

owrrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwptÄĄpoovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqpr(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<ovpvsqJ+tqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowqtrq pr (

ouqttpJ+rpovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<outtstJ+rsqstqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqotrpp s sMJ

Q[J[L<otqrprJ+rorrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprox

QĂžTqqosqts v pMJ

ÄĄoroptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstorÄĄotppquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppwrvsr qu qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovswrrÄĄowspqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsxtwÄĄ

U\Lpqoqvsp s sMJ

poovqwÄĄppsusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxotrrÄĄpoqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opxstpr q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upxstpr pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprvqrJ+qpwtvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^L

H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouquovJ+rposvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^ O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <oprvqrJ+qpwtvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprvqrJ+qpwtvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; \Oj[L<ouquovJ+rposvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouquovJ+rposvtSI[+L[H H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpvtuJ+tqprvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ( \Oj[L<ouquovJ+rposvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovpvtuJ+tqprvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouorttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowowqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqsotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LototsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovqqtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?56


qrÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qqO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/=[.W[QqrÂ&#x201E;@DqpS@O qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpotqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovpvppJ+tpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hposuoo pr 

MS<oqtxsvJ+qsruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovrwquJ+upstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popsswr qs rMJ

ouqsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovpoÄĄovtopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqttsÄĄ

O^Kqpqrrtu u qMJ

otoxpvÄĄouoqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrspqÄĄpqprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqrpxrw s sMJ

ovovpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquopÄĄorotqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;opxsqq q qMJ

ouqsorÄĄovsstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortoopÄĄotpotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqso(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ovrwquJ+upstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqoop ps (

ovpvppJ+tpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovrptvJ+rttusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqptopw s sMJ

Q[J[L<ostuotJ+qxquuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLorstouÄĄ

QĂžTqqpqppx v pMJ

oprtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroproÄĄotpotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppwsuqx qu qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouoqpuÄĄouttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqsorÄĄ

U\Lpqorttv s sMJ

otoxpvÄĄouswrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossssqÄĄouqsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^upxsqq pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroooqJ+qsrutqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpvqvJ+tqoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oroooqJ+qsrutqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpvqvJ+tqoqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroooqJ+qsrutqtS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpvqvJ+tqoqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;Ig Q[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovrwsoJ+upssoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovpvqvJ+tqoqt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroooqJ+ qsrutqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovrwsoJ+upssoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqrvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovpwtt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opporrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?57


qsÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qrO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:trP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/=[.W[QqsÂ&#x201E;@DqqS@O qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpopxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ovrwpwJ+uprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprott ps 

MS<ortqruJ+qusxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovqwprJ+tsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqvrrw qt rMJ

ÄĄoxrsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprppÄĄoqtqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqsrp

O^Kqprstv u qMJ

osrwqtÄĄotrpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrwqtÄĄotrpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqsrrpq t pMJ

ppsurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsurxÄĄopquovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrow(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ovqwprJ+tsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpopttu pt (

ovrwpwJ+uprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovrvprJ+ruppqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqqsvqs s sMJ

Q[J[L<osostoJ+qvqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLoutstr

QĂžTqqptxss v pMJ

ÄĄovtorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqtoÄĄpqtqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppwttv qu qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoroppoÄĄorssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovppÄĄ

U\Lpqossps s sMJ

opowoxÄĄoqqwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opxrwtp q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upxrwtp pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortqqvJ+qusxvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrwppJ+uprqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortqqvJ+qusxvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortqqvJ+ qusxvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortqqvJ+qusxvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortqqvJ+qusxvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ

Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovrwppJ+uprqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ovqwovJ+tsxroSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrwppJ+uprqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortqqv J+qusxvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

ovqwovJ+tsxroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowoorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?58


qtÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qsO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/=[.W[QqtÂ&#x201E;@Dqr S@Oqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovqwovJ+tsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqpprq pt 

Q[J[L<ospssvJ+qvsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ousvswJ+sxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppporrqx qu rMJ

ÄĄpoqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxputuÄĄpqowtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprstp

O^Kqprroq u rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtqrqÄĄorstrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprstpÄĄ

ǜžpqtsust t pMJ

ousvtsÄĄowqvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqusvÄĄppsvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrrt(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ousvswJ+sxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpppqpo pu (

ovqwovJ+tsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovpprrJ+rtwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqrssqx t pMJ

MS<oqswsuJ+qsppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLowsosu

QĂžTqqqrww v pMJ

ÄĄorootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsrsxÄĄosquswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppxrru qu qMJ

oqpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorotsxÄĄosstqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpqotqro s sMJ S[Č&#x2030;opxrtsp q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upxrtsp pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ospsspJ+qvstttSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqwooJ+tsxpqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ospsspJ+

qvstttSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ospsspJ+qvstttSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqwooJ+tsxpqt

SI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousvsoJ+sxroSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovqwooJ+tsxpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ospsspJ+qvstttS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ousvsoJ+ sxroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoprpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osorpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?59


quÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qtO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/=[.W[QquÂ&#x201E;@DqsS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ousworJ+spoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqswrp pu 

Q[J[L<osowprJ+qvrotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otsooqJ+pqpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqrsxrv qv rMJ

\JLotovtqÄĄovsvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrssÄĄpqprpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqprswtw u rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqowsxÄĄoqpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtqstÄĄorsttt

ǜžpqvopw t qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouqtÄĄoptxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowsxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;opxrqro q qMJ

opquqpÄĄorouorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovstttÄĄoxouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsor(

59[JU]\Oj[L<otsooqJ+pqpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqowps pv (

ousworJ+spoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<oupvqwJ+rqtruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqssprs t pMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxpxJ+qorrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTqqrpurp v pMJ

-X[ÄĄorstttÄĄosrxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqtquÄĄovowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłppxpptv qu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrxouÄĄotrqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrspqÄĄpoooor

U\Lpqposu s sMJ

pqtpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousvrsÄĄowqvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^upxrqro pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<osowouJ+qvrortSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousvtuJ+spopoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<osowouJ+qvrortSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osowouJ+ qvrortSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

osowouJ+qvrortSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otrxttJ+pqppo SI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousvtuJ+spopoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< otrxttJ+pqppoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ousvtuJ+spopoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L <osowouJ+qvrortSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otrxttJ+pqppoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpooxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovovouÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?60


qvÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;quO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/=[.W[QqvÂ&#x201E;@Dqt S@Oqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otsopxJ+pqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqqts

otovqu\Oj[LoxrrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ostvouJ+qxrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ovqppt p rMJ

<ppowrxJ+ptquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owswptJ+xprqt

O^Kqpsprq u rMJ

optxstÄĄotrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqttsÄĄpooopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpqwprto t qMJ

9^\T9S[\HposrorÄĄppqtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsusoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;opxqxpx q qMJ

oqqwosÄĄorswquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsrp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<osovsvJ+tvrptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

pv O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opospu pw (

orrtqrJ+quxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otsopxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqtrwrv t pMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osovsvJ+tvrptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L

QĂžTqqrtsts v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvowÄĄppqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppxqox qu qMJ

pqowsvÄĄoprsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoorÄĄpqprpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqpxr s sMJ

opquqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqvorÄĄpooutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^upxqxpx pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtrxJ+quporoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< orrtrxJ+quporoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtrxJ+quporoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otsorrJ+pqqstSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otsorrJ+pqqstSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osoworJ+

tvrqrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otsorrJ+

pqqstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtrxJ+quporoSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osoworJ+tvrqrqtS I[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpootqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovorppÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orttpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?61


qwÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qwO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/=[.W[QqwÂ&#x201E;@DquS@Oqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osowqwJ+tvrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opttts

oqptsvJ+tqtqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

osowqwJ+tvrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpsqvJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqpvpt q rMJ

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owswrrJ+xprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L

O^Kqpsvru u rMJ

ouquqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoxpoÄĄoxpvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowssÄĄ

ǜžpqxqvqp t qMJ

otovoqÄĄouoopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqwÄĄppqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opxqux q qMJ

poooqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorourqÄĄossuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqstw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotovoq\Oj[LoxrrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

pw O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqopoo px (

oqsorvJ+qrtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]pqurtso t pMJ

qtpwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oqptsvJ+tqtqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTqqsrrpv v qMJ

<oupqpxJ+qsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLorsuroÄĄ

Ç?Çłppxqwpq qu qMJ

oqpvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqssÄĄotowpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

U\Lpqppvpw s sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrqwÄĄpoqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpvrrÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^upxqux pt sMJ

ossuqvÄĄouquqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvqoÄĄopovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž/H/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orowqoJ+ qtrpt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsoroJ+qrtrsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oqptrxJ+tqtqroSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqptrx J+tqtqroSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq

prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsoroJ+qrtrsoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsoroJ+qrtrsoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsoroJ+qrtrsoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

oqptrxJ+tqtqroSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owswswJ+xpsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqptrxJ+tqtqroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpooproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoutxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HoxprqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?62


qxÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qxO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/=[.W[QqxÂ&#x201E;@DqvS@Oqt \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbObQS[@ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovtqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ooovruJ+svrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqwtr

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprtoJ+qopvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ouprqqJ+qsusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<orqsroJ+ttstrt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pttss r rMJ

ouqusxÄĄowrtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtpqvÄĄoqtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqpsvr u rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrqqÄĄpoqusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsuspÄĄowsoop

ǜžqosotq t rMJ

poousrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoousrÄĄppsussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtqu(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqvroJ+qotqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

px O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxrq qo (

\Oj[L<ooovruJ+svrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]pqvrqsq t qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprqsÄĄoqtrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTqqtppso v qMJ

orsqqsÄĄotovtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottxtxÄĄoutrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłppxruv qu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtqpwÄĄowrtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquspÄĄ

U\Lpqpqtrs s sMJ

oxovotÄĄpoqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opxqqtw q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upxqqtw pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqvqrJ+qotptoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L

Â&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouprpsJ+qsuqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opqvqrJ+qotptoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqvqrJ+qotptoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/ :[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ooovtoJ+svrrttSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\L

I[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouprpsJ+qsuqvt SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqvqrJ+

qotptoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ooovtoJ+svrrttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Louttpx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppovrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?63


ro„@DtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSrp„@D>[ŃroO[QLQ[X[ QTQ[W tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qo„QusuO[+T[bJUu„@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTro…OU[:tuw…QcHro/=[.W[Qro„@DqwS@Oqt \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ S[\H<oxswpuJ+spst„Mj[I[+L[HÑ\HMJ

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ororqq

>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<potxrqJ+pssrpo„Mj[I[+L[HL[;S[\H<oxswpuJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„R[;U_T\Oj[L<ooqvstJ+swqsrt„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JL

„@[T[9ppxpspq s rMJ

ppquopġoprsor„Mj[-X[ġoqtxqtġotovqu„Mj[(

O^Kqprtxtt u rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottxsoġoutros„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Houqvpvġ

Ƕ¾qptsqq t rMJ

otoupuġousuqs„Mj[-X[ġossvoxġouqvpv„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtts(

LíÊ„S[\XG]\Oj[L<pqoossJ+pvpupo„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG

qo O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losopou qp (

spst„Mj[I[+L[H\9Ǣö\Oj[L<owrtpqJ+wsrpqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO

„OT]pqwqxsr t qMJ

orsvotġouqvpv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovoxtwġovtqrw„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTqqttop v qMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotoupuġottxso„Mj[-X[ġoxrrpvġpqprqx

Ǐdzppxsrtr qu qMJ

ovoxtw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqutsġorovoq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpqprrsx s sMJ

ouqvpvġovsvpw„Mj[-X[ġorsvqtġotovqu„Mj[(

S[ȉopxpxsv q qMJ

„9H^upxpxsv pt sMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<pqoorvJ+pvpttqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ooqvrvJ+swqsptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍ OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

poqsowJ+prptrqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J

ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń O`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<potxsvJ+pssrsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ooqvrvJ+swqsptSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń

9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<pqoorvJ+pvpttqtSI[+L[Hq suvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<poqsowJ+prptrqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpx qpqrqtquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<pqoorvJ+pvpttqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxswrpJ+spstrvtS

I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<potxsvJ+

pssrsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqoorvJ+pvpttqtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<

oxswrpJ+spstrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<poqsowJ+prptrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotrqqw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovrvor„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxtrrv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[Lpqoxqx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqpqs„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Losrsqo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Loutpqr

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxotrq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpporsq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqsrop„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpqps„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsrrp„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď64


rpÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:tuwÂ&#x2026;QcHp/=[.W[QrpÂ&#x201E;@DqxS@Oqt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovoqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovqqouJ+rtsoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orspot

.Ă?­[\Oj[L<owssrrJ+xvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouovrtJ+qrstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qrqxrw t sMJ

ÄĄoxrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprrsÄĄoqtrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqvss

O^Kqprsupt u rMJ

ossotoÄĄotrspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossotoÄĄotrspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqrvtq t rMJ

ppsutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsutoÄĄopqvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louquqq(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<poqtqpJ+prpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotoust qq (

owrupuJ+wsttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovqqouJ+rtsoqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqxqusr t qMJ

;Ä&#x161;S[\H<oxqttwJ+sotovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqto

QĂžTqquqwqr v qMJ

ÄĄovtqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrqvÄĄpqtppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppxtpqx qu qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtxpoÄĄorspswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoouruÄĄ

U\Lpqpsqr s sMJ

opovpwÄĄoqqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opxpuru q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upxpuru pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<poqtpsJ+prpwpvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owssquJ+xvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqtpsJ+prpwpvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<owssquJ+xvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovqqooJ+rtsopqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owssquJ+

xvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovqqooJ+ rtsopqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owssquJ+xvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ovqqooJ+rtsopqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrurpJ+wsuroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<poqtpsJ+prpwpvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovqqooJ+rtsopqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owssquJ+xvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqotrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosroqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lousvqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxopruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqowpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

p.V[itrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHq/=[.W[Qp.X[SpS@Oqt\X@S]

W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x201E;@DtrQ[\S usutqp T[Q^/\W+ J+rstvqt <pxuSWQj 

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?65


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotourxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ostrsxJ+qxrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osqrtx

\Oj[L<ovotrtJ+tostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ouowqp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orrxsoJ+tuqttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpvswsr u sMJ

poqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpwqvÄĄpqowsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrtoÄĄ

O^Kqprqupu u rMJ

\JLoqtspoÄĄorsvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprrtoÄĄoqpuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqsqpqq t sMJ

owquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqvrvÄĄppsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqusx(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<owstpwJ+xxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

qq O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loupuru qr (

J+qrutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ostrsxJ+qxrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qoqrsr t rMJ

Q[J[L<ouqqqsJ+rrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxrvÄĄ

QĂžTqqvuss v rMJ

oqtwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsprpÄĄosqsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ç?Çłppxtwtv qu qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorovrrÄĄossvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustttÄĄ

U\Lpqptopv s sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;opxprqu q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upxprqu pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owstrrJ+xxtqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orrxrqJ+tuqtrvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

ovotqxJ+toroSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ

O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<orrxrqJ+tuqtrvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owstrrJ+xxtqtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpv

pwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovotqxJ+toroSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owstrrJ+xxtqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ostrsrJ+qxropvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovotqxJ+toroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

owstrrJ+xxtqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ostrsrJ+qxropvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovotqxJ+ toroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ostrsrJ+qxropvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouowruJ+qrvro SI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owstrrJ+xxtqtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ostrsrJ+ qxropvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ovotqxJ+toroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqoprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LousrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqosqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?66


q.V[itrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHr/=[.W[Qq.X[SqU[ O[Lqt\X@S] SĹŚ[H`H]j[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqvsrJ+qrqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otprtw

\Oj[L<otrqoqJ+pvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oppuswJ+toqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqvtq v sMJ

ototpvÄĄovsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrosÄĄpqprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqpropx u qMJ

pqowsrÄĄoqpupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtsqtÄĄorsvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqtrsto t sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopovpwÄĄoqootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowsrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;opxpopt q qMJ

opqvqrÄĄorovsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovswqpÄĄoxoworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvpv(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<ovouqpJ+tqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

qr O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqwtx qs (

orsosvJ+tuqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqvsrJ+qrqut

Â&#x201E;OT]qpqosq t rMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqpsrJ+qtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTqqvstt v rMJ

orsvtxÄĄossprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqwrxÄĄovppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppoupt qu rMJ

-X[ÄĄossprqÄĄotrtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrupoÄĄpoopppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqptwro s sMJ

pqtpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustsqÄĄowquowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^upxpopt pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovourtJ+trptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otrpttJ+pvpvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovourtJ+trptSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrpttJ+ pvpvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovourtJ+trptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqvtwJ+

qrqusqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovourtJ+trptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqvtwJ+qrqusqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otrpttJ+pvpvtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqooqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

r.V[itrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qsÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHs/=[.W[Qr.X[SrU[ O[Lqt\X@S] 1Q[>H^I­]

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?67


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<pqowsxJ+pvrxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupqou qt 

osowruJ+tvrxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqowsxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<pqquqxJ+pwqrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpuqrrt w sMJ

S[\HouqxouÄĄpoopqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowssÄĄoprrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqpqqwtp u qMJ

ppqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvorÄĄopqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvss(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<otrqtoJ+pxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howsoot qt (

pvrxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppoqtwJ+sststtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]qqpvso t rMJ

\JLovstsxÄĄppqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqoposÄĄotrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTqqwqrqt v rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoptÄĄpqprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrtoÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppoprqs qu rMJ

owquopÄĄpoourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqusrÄĄorsupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžquswpx u pMJ U\Lpqqusr s sMJ S[Č&#x2030;opxvs q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upxvs pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otrqsrJ+pxpvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<osowtoJ+tvsoptSI[+L[H

99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[ @Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxsoqrJ+ppqxvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^S JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxsoqrJ+ppqxvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrqsrJ+

pxpvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osowtoJ+tvsoptSI[+L[Hqrtvx pppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrqsrJ+pxpvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<pqowsqJ+pvrxptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< osowtoJ+tvsoptSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pooorrJ+

pqpxrqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqowsqJ+pvrxptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pooorrJ+pqpxrqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrqsrJ+pxpvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqowsqJ+pvrxptSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pooorrJ+pqpxrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?68


s.V[itrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;tO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qtÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHt/=[.W[Qs.X[SsU[ O[Lqt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototruO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<pooproJ+pqqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupqou qt 

osoxqtJ+tvspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L<oroopvJ+tssxro

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxoroxJ+rxtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owoxrp

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sorqro po pMJ

I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<ovowqoJ+txrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Kqpptqqx u qMJ

pqowsuÄĄoqpttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsosvÄĄototruÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqwpsu u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrooÄĄpoqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpxpoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;opxrts q qMJ

osswtvÄĄouqxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvrsÄĄopovotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwpq(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<owoxrpJ+vsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howsoot qt (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pooproJ+pqqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qrpsrw t rMJ

J+vsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<oxspqoJ+pprproÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqqxpsu v rMJ

orswrtÄĄouqxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpptvÄĄoxpxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppoqoqr qu rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosssÄĄottwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrooÄĄppqopx

U\Lpqqpstt s sMJ

pooprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorowqpÄĄosswtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^upxrts pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oroorqJ+tstovtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oroorqJ+tstovtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poopqqJ+pqqprtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oroorqJ+tstovtSI[+L[H<S

W[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owoxqtJ+ vsqqoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owoxqtJ+vsqqoS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poopqqJ+pqqprtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owoxqtJ+ vsqqoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L <oxsppqJ+pprppoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< poopqqJ+pqqprtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

oroorqJ+tstovtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owoxqtJ+vsqqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovpvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

ppsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqopsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpossorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?69


t.V[itrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]quÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[Qt.X[StU[ O[Lqt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<owpoqpJ+vsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovpvqu qu 

oqppquJ+tqsvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ourwttJ+rturvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spsrprt pp pMJ

txrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsotÄĄoqttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpppptw u qMJ

-X[ÄĄorsortÄĄototpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottwppÄĄoutptr

ǜžqxptpr u pMJ

owrxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtssqÄĄowrvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;opxosr q qMJ

9[TS[\HoxowsxÄĄpoqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwrx(

\Oj[L<ourwttJ+rturvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxstqq qu (

owpoqpJ+vsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovqpsuJ+rtsrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qspprt t sMJ

\Oj[L<ovowswJ+tposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ostqssJ+

QĂžTqqxsot v rMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqxtxÄĄowrvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtppoÄĄoqtwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpppoqvpr qu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrqtxÄĄpoquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstrtÄĄ

U\Lpqqqru s sMJ

owqttqÄĄpoourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoourrÄĄppsvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^upxosr pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oqppsoJ+tqswroSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oqppsoJ+tqswroSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpopsJ+vssqqtSI[+L[H <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqppsoJ+tqswroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ourwsvJ+rtupvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owpopsJ+vssqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqppsoJ+tqswroSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<ourwsvJ+rtupvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpopsJ+vssqqtSI[+L[H H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourwsvJ+rtupvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovoxorJ+tppqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owpopsJ+vssqqtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqppsoJ+tqswroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< ourwsvJ+rtupvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotowtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LppsttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Louqvsv Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opswrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?70


u.V[itrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;vO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qvÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHv/=[.W[Qu.X[SuU[ O[Lqt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototooO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ourxqtJ+rtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowquru qv 

\Oj[L<opsuooJ+tpsstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otrqqwJ+pppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqwpwpw pq pMJ

tssqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLorsxpqÄĄouroquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpoqwpq u qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtwotÄĄototooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotospuÄĄottwoo

ǜžqpoqwso u qMJ

outpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouroquÄĄovpqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;opwtvrq q qMJ

-X[ÄĄossxrxÄĄouroquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouroquÄĄovsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxou(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<otrqqwJ+pppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hposqor qv (

ourxqtJ+rtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ouoqqoJ+rqqtpo

Â&#x201E;OT]qtwrq t sMJ

\Oj[L<ostrpqJ+txrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<oqtutuJ+

QĂžTropwqt v sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpqssÄĄovttoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqursÄĄoprrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłppporrtr qu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrqtxÄĄpqpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwooÄĄ

U\Lpqqrppu s sMJ

opqwovÄĄorowtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotospuÄĄoustoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^upwtvrq pt sMJ

-X[ÄĄorstspÄĄototooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ouoqrtJ+rqqtsvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<opsuptJ+tpstroSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<

ouoqrtJ+rqqtsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opsuptJ+tpstroSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps

ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opsuptJ+tpstroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<ourxpwJ+rtvrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opsuptJ+

tpstroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourxpwJ+rtvrtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otrqpxJ+pposoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JL

JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ourxpwJ+rtvrtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opsuptJ+tpstroSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<otrqpxJ+pposoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovoxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppsptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosousvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orpttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/otopooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?71


v.V[itrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;wO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qwÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHw/=[.W[Qv.X[SvU[ O[Lqt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosssO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<otrqruJ+pppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrtqo qw 

opsvruJ+tpsxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<otrqruJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ostrsrJ+txrsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpptoss pr pMJ

oxrqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsqpÄĄoqttsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourotqÄĄ

O^Kqxsqx u pMJ

ossrpvÄĄotrvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossrpvÄĄotrvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqppsqu u qMJ

ppsvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvqvÄĄopqwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxrr(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ostrsrJ+txrsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqxtv qw (

pppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otoxprJ+ropqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qutqw t sMJ

\Oj[L<opqqsuJ+tosvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLoutprwÄĄ

QĂžTrotuss v sMJ

ovttqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpossqtÄĄpqtpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppposoqr qu rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtvtvÄĄorsoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoouruÄĄ

U\Lpqqrxqt s sMJ

opovoqÄĄoqqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opwtsqp q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwtsqp pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<opsvtoJ+tpsxttSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

opsvtoJ+tpsxttSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otrqroJ+pppvtSI[+L[H K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opsvtoJ+tpsxttSI[+L[H

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ostrruJ+txrsqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otrqroJ+pppvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ostrruJ+txrsqoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

otrqroJ+pppvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<opsvtoJ+tpsxttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ostrruJ+txrsqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovotrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosoqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrsot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orpqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?72


w.V[itrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;poO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qxÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/=[.W[Qw.X[SwU[ O[Lqt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ostrrqJ+txrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpososq qx 

\Oj[L<oqpwstJ+trvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ossstrJ+txpqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqtvss ps pMJ

owrxppÄĄpoqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqoowÄĄpqoxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqwtstt u pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtttwÄĄorsxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprrqtÄĄ

ǜžqpqttrq u qMJ

oussswÄĄowqtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqwssÄĄppsvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxtx(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ossstrJ+txpqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqporw qx (

ostrrqJ+txrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osstpuJ+qxprro

Â&#x201E;OT]qvqqs u pMJ

M\S<\Oj[L<oopqstJ+svtqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrprtr v sMJ

oprrqtÄĄoqtvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsoosÄĄosqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppposusr qu rMJ

oqptrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroxquÄĄostoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpqqsvrr s sMJ S[Č&#x2030;opwtppp q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwtppp pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<osstoxJ+qxprpqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqpwrvJ+trvpvtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osstoxJ+

qxprpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqpwrvJ+trvpvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ossssvJ+txpqsqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[

K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ossssvJ+txpqsqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Q[J[L<osstoxJ+qxprpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ossssvJ+txpqsqtSI[+L[H\JL JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovoprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owroox Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orowovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?73


x.V[itrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]roÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[Qx.X[SxU[ O[Lqt\X@S] M[Ä&#x161;O[\L@­T[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osssqrJ+txppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppspst ro 

orqoowJ+ttspqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG;S\Oj[L<osssqrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otovorJ+owstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOS[\H<ppqvpr

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uwwtw pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrroqÄĄpqpsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortoouÄĄossrtw

O^Kqwvru u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtupsÄĄortoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrtwÄĄ

ǜžqpswtw u rMJ

opowroÄĄoqoqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxosÄĄpqtppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opwswo q qMJ

oroxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtosvÄĄoxoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louroqu(

59[JU]\Oj[L<otovorJ+owstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsuox ro (

txppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ostptuJ+qxrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qvtxqo u pMJ

J+sttwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotorsqÄĄovstpw

QĂžTrqprqp v sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourpsrÄĄovprtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxosÄĄoqptrt

Ç?Çłpppotqtr qu rMJ

otrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrwprÄĄpooqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lpqqttso s sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLousssqÄĄowqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqwsqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwswo pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<orqoopJ+ttsppoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orqoopJ+ttsppoSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

orqoopJ+ttsppoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otouttJ+owqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<otouttJ+owqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<ostpsxJ+

qxropvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orqoopJ+ttsppoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otouttJ+owqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orttooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqupr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqorsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orospqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

po.V[itrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rpÂ&#x201E;QusuO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[Qpo.X[SpoU[ O[L qt\X@S]M[Ä&#x161;O[\L@­T[59[JU]

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?74


„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ \Oj[L<otourqJ+ovqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrwtw rp 

\Oj[Lottxqx„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ\OU[:[\Oj[L<ostposJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otqxprJ+rpspo„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ottxqx

„@[T[9uqotsts pu pMJ

I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLovstpuġppqotr„Mj[-X[ġoqoqruġ

O^Kqvqppw u pMJ

oprrqt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqotrġpqpssw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ƕ¾qptqqqr u rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowqtsqġpoousu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqquosġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourotq(

ǚz[JU]\Oj[L<ottxqxJ+qqovt„Mj[ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorrr

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oppwqt rp (

txqxt„Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<otourqJ+ovqvt„Mj[

„OT]qwtupt u pMJ

J+qqovt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;\WĭS[\H<ppotsxJ+sttso„Mj[

QþTrqtprx v sMJ

otrwpr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourqovġpooqsu„Mj[-X[ġpqoxoxġ

Ǐdzpppotwtr qu rMJ

posstsġppqvop„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvtoġopqwtt„Mj[(

U\Lpqrrsu s sMJ

orstos„Mj[(

S[ȉopwsssx q qMJ

„9H^upwsssx pt sMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<ppouotJ+stuqoSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ostppwJ+txqxsoSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­ „JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QV

O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[S[\H<ppouotJ+stuqoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S 9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ostppwJ+ txqxsoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<otouqtJ+ovpoSI[+L[HL^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

ostppwJ+txqxsoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ottxqpJ+qpxsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otouqtJ+ovpo

SI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ostppwJ+txqxsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ottxqpJ+qpxsvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ

8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otouqtJ+ovpoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottxqpJ+qpxsvtS

I[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<otouqtJ+ovpoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;M^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppouotJ+stuqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostppwJ+txqxsoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottxqpJ+qpxsvtS

I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ 

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loutrsv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxpoqr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppqupt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprwox„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[ortpos„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Louowox„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owqqpv „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpoqoqu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpptxsv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqwtx„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oroopt„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osstpv„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď75


pp.V[itrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSpq.V[i>[ŃpqO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]p@^LusuO[+T[bJUpw„@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTpp„@Dtuw…QcHpq/=[.W[Qpp.X[SppU[ O[Lqt \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<ottwrvJ+qpvtvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oprrrp p 

ovpxptJ+trxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊ\OU[:[\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

sqrpvt„Mj[I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ottwrvJ+qpvtvt

„@[T[9vrquto pv pMJ

<ovpxptJ+trxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;W[K½S[\H<ppouquJ+

O^Kqurvu t sMJ

S[\Hovpsrvġoxqotr„Mj[-X[ġpqoxptġoqptrp„Mj[

Ƕ¾qpurtsv u rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoxrrowġppqpop„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrowġ

S[ȉopwsprx q qMJ

orpoptġostpqs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostpqsġourqrq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourppv(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorqu\Oj[Lottwrw„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opsxot p (

ostoprJ+txqutvt„Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ouswrxJ+

„OT]qxtrpo u pMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<ourtsqJ+rrtoso„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L

QþTrrqxtv w pMJ

stvro„Mj[I[+L[HǶP-Q`HbR[;\JLortosrġourqrq„Mj[O[bS[

Ǐdzppppssq qu rMJ

-X[ġorrxspġotortq„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotorquġottvqq

U\Lpqrppto s sMJ

poqvos„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqotrġpooqtx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^upwsprx pt sMJ

9[TS[\Hppswpqġopovov„Mj[(

O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<ouswtsJ+sqrttSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ouswtsJ+sqrtt

SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ottwtpJ+qpwrqtS

I[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S

„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ouswtsJ+sqrttSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpxoxJ+trxrqtSI[+L[H

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ottwtpJ+qpwrqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< ottwtpJ+qpwrqtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpxoxJ+trxrqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottwtpJ+qpwrqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ouswtsJ+sqrttSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovpxoxJ+trxrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lousxtp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxouqv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppqqpx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprsps„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orsvow„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Louospr„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owpwqo

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpopuro„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpptttp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqtoq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtuqo„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osspqq„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď76


pq.V[itrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;prO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]q@^LusuO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/=[.W[Qpq.X[SpqU[ O[Lqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ovpwotJ+trutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqquso q 

-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ousvtpJ+sqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<oxovrq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owovoqJ+rvrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vptsusw pv sMJ

sttutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLpqptovÄĄoqtvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Kqttup t sMJ

-X[ÄĄorrxruÄĄotorsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottvpwÄĄoutppu

ǜžqpvsxpp u sMJ

owrxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtvoqÄĄowrxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;opwrwqw q qMJ

9[TS[\HoxporwÄĄpoqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpsr(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<oxooqoJ+xtqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqpxrs q (

J+popostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovpwotJ+trutqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpotot u qMJ

oxooqoJ+xtqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśPS[\H<ppqtsuJ+

QĂžTrswpt w pMJ

S[\HourqtuÄĄowrxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtpqsÄĄoqtvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpppppoqq qu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpqÄĄpoqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstptÄĄ

U\Lpqrpxtr s sMJ

owqtssÄĄpooutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooutuÄĄppswowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^upwrwqw pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ousvssJ+sqpSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxovsuJ+poppqoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxovsuJ+poppqoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[ KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqr qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousvssJ+sqpSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxovsu J+poppqoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ousvssJ+sqpS I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[TX=9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpvtvJ+trurqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L <oxoorrJ+xtrpvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<oxovsuJ+poppqoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpvtvJ+trurqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

oxoorrJ+xtrpvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ousvssJ+sqpSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovpvtvJ+trurqtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxoorrJ+xtrpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxovsuJ+poppqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?77


TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoustttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouoopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpsqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

pr.V[itrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;psO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r@^LusuO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHps/=[.W[Qpr.X[SprU[ O[Lqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<owtxoxJ+xsxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorpxrr r 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owtxoxJ+xsxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

svpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLortppxÄĄourrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqvtvqt pw sMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtvrpÄĄotorrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorpsÄĄottvpt

O^Kqtpwtu t sMJ

outpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourrqoÄĄovptqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqpxqrt u sMJ

-X[ÄĄostqosÄĄourrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourrqoÄĄovtqov

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqov(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<oxousqJ+powsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqtppo r (

oxtuqsJ+sqpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžS[\H<pptwosJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qppsutx u qMJ

S[\HovptqpÄĄovtvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvquÄĄoprrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrssurq w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpuÄĄpqptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvptÄĄ

Ç?Çłppppptto qu rMJ

opqxrrÄĄorposwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotorpsÄĄoussroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lpqrqvtt t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsssvÄĄotorrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opwrtpv q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwrtpv pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxourtJ+powqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxourtJ+powqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9 S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pottsoJ+pssppqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxourt

J+powqqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owtxqrJ+xtoqqtS

I[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pottsoJ+pssppqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L< owtxqrJ+xtoqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxourtJ+powqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pottsoJ+pssppqtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpoqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqswqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?78


ps.V[itrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ptO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s@^LusuO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/=[.W[Qps.X[SpsU[ O[Lqt \X@S]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SĆ&#x;[LR[Ă&#x160;[-Ç&#x192;^O[>]X\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<potsrxJ+psrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lospror s 

9SGOO\Oj[L<potsrxJ+psrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<ppttow

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

swtupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpptÄĄoxrrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpopsw px sMJ

-X[ÄĄpostruÄĄpqtprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosstrxÄĄotrxsp

O^Kqssurv t sMJ

orrxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovowÄĄppswqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqrq(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<pprwtuJ+puqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqtor s (

J+svxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<oorvrvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpqsrtr u qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqptqwÄĄoqtvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrsrÄĄovtvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrtqssx w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosstrxÄĄotrxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtvqxÄĄ

Ç?Çłppppqpx qu rMJ

ppswqvÄĄopqxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovpvÄĄoqquooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqopttx v pMJ

U\Lpqrrttt t pMJ S[Č&#x2030;opwrqu q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwrqu pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pprwswJ+puqxqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potsrpJ+psrwqoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pprwsw J+puqxqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< potsrpJ+psrwqoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pprwswJ+

puqxqtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\L I[bL/\Oj[L<potsrpJ+psrwqoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<potsrpJ+psrwqoS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pprwswJ+puqxqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owours Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppssorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqssrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?79


pt.V[itrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t@^LusuO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/=[.W[Qpt.X[SptU[ O[Lqt \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbOOS[H Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<pqtstoJ+pxrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotovrr t 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pqtstoJ+pxrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

torrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxqrÄĄpoqvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqqrqq qo rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorrxquÄĄosqpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtvtoÄĄ

O^Kqspxsq t sMJ

orppqpÄĄostqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoussroÄĄowqttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqtu(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpttoJ+qrpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osoqqp t (

optspsJ+tqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<oppuquJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qprsosv u rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqptrÄĄpqoxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrrtÄĄoqtvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTruru w pMJ

ortptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprrrtÄĄoqptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppppqupu qu rMJ

9[TS[\HporoorÄĄppswsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqpqxqq v pMJ

U\Lpqrsrts t pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;opwqwtu q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwqwtu pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqptssJ+qrproSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oppuspJ+torrtvtSI[+L[H

Q9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[ \OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L< pqtsssJ+pxrxSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oppuspJ+torrtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spr suvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqptssJ+qrproSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqo

qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqtsssJ+pxrxSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqptssJ+qrproSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pqtsssJ+pxrxSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqptssJ+qrproSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqtsssJ+pxrxSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqtsssJ+pxrxSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqptssJ+qrproSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoursowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotswqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqrw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpooosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqsortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?80


pu.V[itrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pvO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u@^LusuO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/=[.W[Qpu.X[SpuU[ O[L qt\X@S]-Ç&#x192;^O[>]T\QT

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtoqrJ+qsqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louoqtq u 

Ă&#x2DC;OG[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtoqrJ+qsqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotorouÄĄovstqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xstrv qp rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoursqwÄĄovpuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxsxÄĄoqptrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqrtwsp t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsoprÄĄpoosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxttÄĄ

ǜžqqqsqss v pMJ

oussrqÄĄowqttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopropqÄĄorpprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrqo(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[Q[J[L<ossvstJ+qxqprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ossrtr u (

<orssoqJ+tusqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<opswqwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpsrvsp u rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrrsÄĄpqpttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqpqÄĄossupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTruspqr w qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtwouÄĄortqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossupvÄĄotsoqr

Ç?Çłpppprppr qu rMJ

oqosopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxsxÄĄpqtpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpqrtptp t pMJ

9[TS[\HovtrosÄĄoxppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opwqtst q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwqtst pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ossvrwJ+qxqpqoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtopuJ+qsqvttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9 Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ossvrwJ+qxqpqoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Q[J[L<ossvrwJ+qxqpqoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqtopuJ+qsqvttSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ossvrwJ+qxqpqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtopuJ+qsqvttSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtopuJ+qsqvttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ossvrwJ+qxqpqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouroppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppoqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotssrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwsp Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppruppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opotqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqruspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?81


pv.V[itrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pwO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v@^LusuO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/=[.W[Qpv.X[SpvU[ O[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<osrptrJ+qwsptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loutwos v 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<orsqtvJ+turxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oqovppJ+tqsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpupqv qq qMJ

otsosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourstoÄĄpoospvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtvÄĄ

O^Kqrsrtr t sMJ

posupoÄĄppqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswtwÄĄoproquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqrtuv v qMJ

orssrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrsr(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Q[J[L<ovotptJ+rttqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otroor v (

osrptrJ+qwsptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otptqwJ+orotqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qptrsrt u rMJ

Ă&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovstqvÄĄppqptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqosptÄĄ

QĂžTrvpxrx w qMJ

oprrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqptsÄĄpqpuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpppprttw qu rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowquoqÄĄpoovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqquotÄĄ

U\Lpqrtxsu t pMJ S[Č&#x2030;opwqqrs q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwqqrs pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ovotqxJ+rtttvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L

O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osrpsvJ+qwspsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovotqx J+rtttvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<

ovotqxJ+rtttvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osrpsvJ+qwspsqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;

\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<osrpsvJ+qwspsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovotqxJ+rtttvtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opporxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtsst Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opopqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?82


pw.V[itrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pxO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w@^LusuO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/=[.W[Qpw.X[SpwU[ O[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ottptoJ+rqpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtpso w 

9SGOO\Oj[L<otpsqsJ+oqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ottpto

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<oqovpqJ+tqsovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqwqux qr qMJ

oxqqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpootÄĄoqptspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxqsÄĄ

O^Kqrrtrr t sMJ

oxrrswÄĄppqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrswÄĄpoqvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqtxqx v qMJ

ostrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostrsoÄĄourtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loursou(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[S[\H<oxoprqJ+rxtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louqorq x (

J+rqpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqqqtJ+rpwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpurpqx u rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLortqsuÄĄourtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvorÄĄ

QĂžTrvtvtt w qMJ

otorowÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorovÄĄottvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppppsorr qu rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqqrwÄĄpoosroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpqpoÄĄ

U\Lpqsvso t pMJ

ppsxoxÄĄopovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opwpxqr q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwpxqr pt sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ottqotJ+rqqqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxopqtJ+rxttstSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otpsrvJ+oqwstSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ottqotJ+rqqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V

\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxopqtJ+rxttstSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxopqtJ+rxttstSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ottqotJ+rqqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otpsrvJ+oqwstSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottqotJ+ rqqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opousqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotruspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtosx Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?83


px.V[itrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qoO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]x@^LusuO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/=[.W[Qpx.X[SpxU[ O[Lqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ousssvJ+rspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howsqov x 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqpssJ+rpuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ousssv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<opsstsJ+tpssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popotorx qs qMJ

owspoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqosÄĄoqtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxquÄĄ

O^Kqrrrst t sMJ

oxrrtuÄĄpoqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstrwÄĄowrxsv

ǜžqquqqtp v qMJ

poovsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovsvÄĄppsxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loursqw(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[S[\H<porotpJ+srrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovpsps po (

J+rspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovooptJ+stqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpvqwqr u sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpuqtÄĄoqtwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtrpÄĄ

QĂžTrwrupp w qMJ

otorouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottvpxÄĄoutpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppppsstv qu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtxpqÄĄowspoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquptÄĄ

U\Lpqsptrq t pMJ

oxpqqtÄĄporotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opwpupr q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwpupr pt sMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txqqqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9S[\H<porossJ+srrwtvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqprvJ+rpupoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poross J+srrwtvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<porossJ+

srrwtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H <porossJ+srrwtvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ousssoJ+rsprsvtSI[+L[H

\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouqprvJ+ rpupoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ousssoJ+

rsprsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<

porossJ+srrwtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpototqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsutr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxstosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?84


qo.V[itrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]po@^LusuO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/=[.W[Qqo.X[SqoU[ O[Lqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovovrqJ+rtpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqwqp po 

pproqoJ+suvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<outxtv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovovpoJ+txsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqrqwq qt qMJ

ourttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvsoÄĄovtxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqwrsÄĄ

O^Kqrrwrp t sMJ

otorpqÄĄottvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsotÄĄpqpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqvrupq v rMJ

ovpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprpovÄĄorpqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;opwprq q qMJ

ourttpÄĄovtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsssqÄĄotorouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursto(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJS[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowoxrw pp (

J+stptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovovrqJ+rtpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpwqtpv u sMJ

ootwrpJ+sxswtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLortrpxÄĄ

QĂžTrxpsqu w qMJ

oprsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvrxÄĄotorouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppppsxx qu rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLottvqrÄĄoutprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourttpÄĄ

U\Lpqsqrqq t pMJ

otorpqÄĄousssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostspuÄĄourttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^upwprq pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovovqsJ+rtporoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[S[\H<ppropqJ+suvroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outxtpJ+stprvtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovovqsJ+rtporoSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppropqJ+suvroSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppropqJ+suvroSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L< ovovqsJ+rtporoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VS[\H<ppropqJ+suvroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/ Q[J[L<ovovqsJ+rtporoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<outxtpJ+stprvtSI[+L[H

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovovqsJ+rtporoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppropqJ+suvroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqtw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxspowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?85


qp.V[itrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qqO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pp@^LusuO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/=[.W[Qqp.X[SqpU[ O[Lqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<outxpxJ+rstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopoos pp 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovovprJ+txtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<outxpx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLS[\H<ppsvpxJ+sutotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppuqor qu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourupoÄĄovtxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposutvÄĄpqtqqo

O^Kqrsxsu t sMJ

ÄĄotsptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtvssÄĄorrxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqqwsxrr v rMJ

9[TS[\HopowopÄĄoqquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtpp(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJS[\H<pptxrqJ+svqorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxotqq pq (

J+rstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ousrqxJ+spopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpxqqpp u sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpsoÄĄoxrsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpusxÄĄoqtxqs

QĂžTrxtqsq w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossvsvÄĄotsptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossvsv

Ç?Çłpppptrpo qu rMJ

poowovÄĄppsxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxsrÄĄoprpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqsrppo t pMJ S[Č&#x2030;opwxtp q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwxtp pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<pptxquJ+svqoqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovovouJ+txrqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pptxquJ+

svqoqqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pptxquJ+svqoqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<outxpqJ+rssxsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outxpqJ+rssxsvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovovouJ+txrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<outxpqJ+rssxsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<pptxquJ+svqoqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrxop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqstssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?86


qq.V[itrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qrO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^LusuO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/=[.W[Qqq.X[SqqU[ O[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoroxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ouqotqJ+rrprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hposvsq pq 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ousrrrJ+spoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;S[\H<popqsrJ+sqtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppxqvrx qv pMJ

pqposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprspuÄĄoqtvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Kqsvqo t sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprspuÄĄoqpuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorprpqÄĄ

ǜžroqts v sMJ

porpqxÄĄppsxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtrp(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]S[\H<pptxpvJ+svpxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpooorx pr (

ouqotqJ+rrprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ottpooJ+ptwsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqopxt v pMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLowsopqÄĄpoqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqrruÄĄ

QĂžTrporotv w rMJ

orrxruÄĄosqpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtxrxÄĄortrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpppptuuo qu rMJ

oststpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustooÄĄowqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lpqsrwtu t pMJ S[Č&#x2030;opwuso q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwuso pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<pptxoxJ+svpxqvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ottotqJ+ptwqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousrswJ+spptS I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottotqJ+ptwqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pptxoxJ+svpxqvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<

pptxoxJ+svpxqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ouqostJ+rrprqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousrswJ+spptS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouqostJ+

rrprqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<pptxoxJ+

svpxqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LououruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orortsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrtot Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqspsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqprotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?87


qr.V[itrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qsO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^LusuO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/=[.W[Qqr.X[SqrU[ O[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otpsstJ+roqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppqqpq pr 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ottpouJ+ptxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<otpsstJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpttoJ+rwotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqtpr p pMJ

ortsovÄĄosswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourusvÄĄovpwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqsrpq t sMJ

-X[ÄĄosswqoÄĄotsqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsqosÄĄpootrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrppupt v sMJ

pqtqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustowÄĄowquswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourttp(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]S[\H<pprqopJ+suppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpottqt ps (

roqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osrptsJ+twsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]qqpptuo v pMJ

otorqxÄĄovsuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsrtÄĄpqpvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrppxpq w rMJ

pqpotqÄĄoqpuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtxtsÄĄortsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpppqorw qu rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopppqvÄĄoqotspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpotqÄĄ

U\Lpqssurx t pMJ

oprpsvÄĄorprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovttotÄĄoxprqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opwrro q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwrro pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<pprqpvJ+suppuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pprqpvJ+ suppuoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

pprqpvJ+suppuoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/

Q[J[L<otpsrwJ+roqvtqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottpqoJ+ptxrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L< otpsrwJ+roqvtqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<pprqpvJ+suppuoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouoqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LportowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrpox Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?88


qs.V[itrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qtO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^LusuO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x201E;@DtrP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/=[.W[Qqs.X[SqsU[ O[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orssoxJ+quspqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptssr ps 

9`\ÄĄ9[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osrqsuJ+twsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tsqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HQ[J[L<ottxrqJ+rqpxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opuqxrp q pMJ

otsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvosÄĄpootswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpporÄĄ

O^Kqtorw t sMJ

posvrrÄĄppqxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptoqoÄĄoprqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqqxrt v sMJ

orstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourupo(

I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]S[\H<posqovJ+ssupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpptopq pt (

MS<orssoxJ+quspqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqtotrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqpqts v pMJ

I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLovsupwÄĄppqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqotttÄĄ

QĂžTrppsvqv w rMJ

oprsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrprÄĄpqpvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpppqst qu rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowqutwÄĄpoowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqusrÄĄ

U\Lpqstsqp t pMJ S[Č&#x2030;opwopx q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upwopx pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<posptxJ+ssttvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

posptxJ+ssttvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<posptxJ+

ssttvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<posptxJ+

ssttvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orssqrJ+qusptvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orssqrJ+qusptvtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<posptxJ+

ssttvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowptqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotprotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqvps Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqotprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?89


qt.V[itrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;quO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt@^LusuO[+T[bJUp.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/=[.W[Qqt.X[SqtU[ O[L qt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bR[\;L]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrqtJ+qqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqurq pt 

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrqtJ+qqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

orqvopJ+qttwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLortsrvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqprw r qMJ

oqpuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxtsÄĄotorqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kqtrttr t sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrstvÄĄpoqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqspvÄĄ

ǜžrrsqtt w pMJ

osttrwÄĄourvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptoqpÄĄopowruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louruqx(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[S[\H<oxrqquJ+spppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqsuoq pu (

\Oj[L<ootpowJ+sxqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;OT]qqrxsx v pMJ

ourvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxosÄĄoxqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppprÄĄ

QĂžTrpqqtsq w rMJ

otorstÄĄottvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrstvÄĄppqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpppqvqo qu rMJ

poouopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorprtuÄĄosttrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpqtqo t pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;opvtvw q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upvtvw pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxrqsoJ+sppqpvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrpwJ+qqrtqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxrqsoJ+

sppqpvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrpwJ+qqrtqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxrqsoJ+

sppqpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrpwJ+qqrtqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrpwJ+qqrtqtS I[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxrqsoJ+sppqpvtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotoxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqrpw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqroopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?90


qu.V[itrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qvO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pu@^LusuO[+T[bJUq.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/=[.W[Qqu.X[SquU[ O[Lqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ppsuoxJ+pustrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqtxov pu 

oxquqvJ+potttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+pustrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<porvssJ+srtsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppsqtpr s qMJ

pqsppsJ+pxrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpvtrÄĄ

O^Kqupuro t sMJ

oqtwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsooqÄĄotorqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžrstupt w pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsurxÄĄowsotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoporÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;opvtrtv q qMJ

pooxorÄĄpptostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpsosÄĄporqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourusv(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotortt\Oj[LoxrtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsspp pv (

owowsrJ+rvspuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ppsuox

Â&#x201E;OT]qqsuss v qMJ

O\G@\Oj[L<oxquqvJ+potttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

QĂžTrprrtu w rMJ

oroorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvruÄĄowsqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtrovÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqpoqr qu rMJ

ottwpoÄĄoutqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtowÄĄpoqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqtxrv t pMJ

owsqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvqoÄĄpooxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^upvtrtv pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowruJ+rvspsqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxquqpJ+pottrvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppsuqsJ+pusupqtS I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxquqpJ+pottrvtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowruJ+rvspsqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowruJ+rvspsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ppsuqsJ+pusupqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppsuqsJ+pusupqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxquqpJ+pottrvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppsuqsJ+pusupqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowruJ+rvspsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxquqpJ+pottrvtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowovqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LototprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpxqq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?91


qv.V[itrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qwO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pv@^LusuO[+T[bJUr.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/=[.W[Qqv.X[SqvU[ O[Lqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oxqvqpJ+potwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprsor

Q`;\US[Q[J[L<oursrrJ+rrsuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGO\G@\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<ovooroJ+storqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqwrvro t qMJ

spoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLorttotÄĄourvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Kqvqpq u pMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtwqvÄĄotorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosouÄĄottwqp

ǜžruxrt w pMJ

outqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourvtoÄĄovpxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;opvtosu q qMJ

-X[ÄĄostuovÄĄourvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourvtoÄĄovtuos

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvos(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ovooroJ+storqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;

pv O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsuoo pw (

<oxqvqpJ+potwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpsrxJ+rvtuqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqtrso v qMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<oxsuouJ+ppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<ousspvJ+

QĂžTrprsqpo w sMJ

S[\HovpxrsÄĄowoppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxtqÄĄoprtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpppqprpt qu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtqpÄĄpqpwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwqpÄĄ

U\Lpqtpvpq t pMJ

oprqspÄĄorpsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotosouÄĄoustsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^upvtosu pt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstqrÄĄotorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxqvrvJ+potwsvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<oursqvJ+rrsttqtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxqvrvJ+

potwsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<oursqvJ+rrsttqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqvrvJ+

potwsvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovooqqJ+stopqtSI[+L[H Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L< oxqvrvJ+potwsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJQ[J[L<oursqvJ+rrsttqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovooqqJ+stopqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoworrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotoppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovptqv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxprruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?92


qw.V[itrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qxO[QLQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pw@^LusuO[+T[bJUs.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/=[.W[Qqw.X[SqwU[ O[Lqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovopqtJ+stqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqprpt

osttqsJ+qxrvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<ovopqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<osrqooJ+twrwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpqttpv u qMJ

turottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqswÄĄoxrtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqvtqsq u pMJ

-X[ÄĄposwqpÄĄpqtrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossxrsÄĄotsrsx

ǜžrvqqtt w qMJ

orsoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooxqwÄĄpptpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvqo(

I[\>\Oj[L<osrqooJ+twrwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<

pw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortqqs px (

J+stqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<otsutqJ+rpsuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qquoru v qMJ

\Oj[L<oustpqJ+spqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<orsotqJ+

QĂžTrpsqoqt w sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpwpwÄĄoroposÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwosÄĄowoproÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpppqptts qu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossxrsÄĄotsrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwrvÄĄ

U\Lpqtqsss t pMJ

pptpppÄĄoprqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopoxovÄĄoqqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opvsvru q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upvsvru pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<osttpvJ+qxrvroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V

H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oustotJ+sppuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osttpvJ+

qxrvroSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osttpvJ+qxrvroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osttpvJ+qxrvroSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovoprwJ+strqqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<osrptqJ+ twrwqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L< oustotJ+sppuoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovoprwJ+

strqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

osttpvJ+qxrvroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osrptqJ+twrwqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpprp Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxoxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?93


qx.V[itrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]px@^LusuO[+T[bJUt.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHp/b=L.W[Qqx.X[SqxU[ O[Lqt \X@S]Ç?\Äš>[Q[@­L[Ă&#x2DC;]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[I\;S9SLObRgOLJU­LO[bS[Â&#x201E;LbĂ&#x160;[¢WOM^S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<osrqtuJ+twsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqtwsw

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpttsJ+qtqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGL[;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qtrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqotsqJ+tqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqvptx v rMJ

oorxpwJ+swtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLowsprpÄĄ

O^Kqwsvss u pMJ

oqtwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsoroÄĄosqqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžrwrups w qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpstpÄĄostursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousupsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvru(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<oqotsqJ+tqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^

px O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotoror qo (

osrqtuJ+twsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwsvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqutvrq v rMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<orspsxJ+turrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<

QĂžTrpstwrx w sMJ

poroopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqtovÄĄpqpptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprtqqÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqpwqq qu rMJ

\JLoroppvÄĄorttrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprtqqÄĄoqpvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqtrqps t pMJ

owqvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporqtsÄĄpptpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opvssqt q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upvssqt pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orptsuJ+qtqwpoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V

H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orptsuJ+qtqwpoSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orptsuJ+ qtqwpoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oqotrtJ+tqrqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orptsuJ+qtqwpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oqotrtJ+tqrqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqotrtJ+tqrqvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orptsuJ+qtqwpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqotrtJ+ tqrqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovttsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovovrt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxotssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpostotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opstrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?94


ro.V[itrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qo@^LusuO[+T[bJUu.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHq/b=L.W[Qro.X[SroU[ O[Lqt \X@S].\@@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^S9[= SI 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<ppsttqJ+susqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortqrt

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pqttooJ+pxrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sprttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotosssÄĄovsvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpprrrq w rMJ

O[bS[S[\HourwqxÄĄovqopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqoxÄĄoqpvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqxsvo u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsrrvÄĄpoovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqtxÄĄ

ǜžrxsxrr w qMJ

ousuqvÄĄowqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprrqoÄĄorptorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvto(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsoqpJ+qpqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

qo O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louptqu qp (

ppsttqJ+susqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;S[\H<oxsrovJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqvtsqw v rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrttxÄĄpqpwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttssÄĄossxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrptrutr w sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoropqxÄĄorttssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxtxÄĄotssps

Ç?Çłpppqqorv qu rMJ

oqovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqoxÄĄpqtrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpqtrxsp t pMJ

9[TS[\HovtuspÄĄoxpstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opvspps q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upvspps pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsorvJ+qpqxsqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsorvJ+

qpqxsqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppsuovJ+susrqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppsuov J+susrqvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT

/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqttpsJ+pxruptS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsorvJ+qpqxsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<ppsuovJ+susrqvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ 

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoovrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovorrx Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxopswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpospoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?95


rp.V[itrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qp@^LusuO[+T[bJUv.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x201E;@DtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qrp.X[SpSQ@[Lqt \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<oxrvruJ+spqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osttow

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<posorvJ+prtxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<oxrvruJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<outtrvJ+rsrurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqtsutt x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwsoÄĄpoovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqqoÄĄoprtst

O^Kqpotopt u qMJ

pprorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptpsxÄĄoprrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwos(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<pqpsrrJ+pvtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

qp O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqtot qq (

spqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owrwrtJ+wtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwtpqu v rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvsrÄĄppqssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqovquÄĄotssqu

QĂžTrpuptu w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqssqÄĄpqpwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwttÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqqqsp qu rMJ

owqwqsÄĄpopoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqvtrÄĄorsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrppqtq w rMJ U\Lpqtsvu t pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;opvrwr q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upvrwr pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqpsquJ+pvtrsoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<outtroJ+rsruqoSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;

H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ppopqrJ+pstoqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<outtroJ+rsruqoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqpsquJ+

pvtrsoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppopqrJ+pstoqqtSI[+L[Hprsu vpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqpsquJ+

pvtrsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxrvroJ+ spqpqoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppopqrJ+pstoqqtSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[

8L[bL/S[\H<oxrvroJ+spqpqoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<posoqxJ+prtwsvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;

Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxrvroJ+spqpqoSI[+L[H

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppopqrJ+pstoqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoorsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutxsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqouqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?96


rq.V[itrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq@^LusuO[+T[bJUw.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTp.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qrq.X[SqSQ@[Lqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovsstoJ+rurwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louosqp qr 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owrxpqJ+wtsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovssto

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<osqosqJ+qwwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sxtqv po rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpqrqÄĄoqpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspotÄĄotosroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpptvps u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxruquÄĄporospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqtspÄĄ

ǜžrpqpupp w rMJ

ostvoxÄĄourwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptpsoÄĄopoxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpv(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<ppoqouJ+pstqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqvrt qr (

J+rurwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<outtroJ+srsuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]qqxswqr v rMJ

\JLortuovÄĄourwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqorrÄĄoxqtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrputrqo x pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototpsÄĄottxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruquÄĄppqstt

Ç?Çłpppqqsrq qu rMJ

poovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorptquÄĄostvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpqttsqv t pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;opvrstr q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upvrstr pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ppoqqoJ+pstqstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<poovtxJ+pqrupqtSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq

rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppoqqoJ+pstqstSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqp qqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poovtxJ+pqrupqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppoqqoJ+pstqstSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovstosJ+

rurxrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poovtxJ+pqrupqt SI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<poovtxJ+pqrupqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovstosJ+rurxrt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrxqtJ+wttqvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppoqqoJ+pstqstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovstosJ+rurxrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<poovtxJ+pqrupqtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louttsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqoqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?97


pX[7LtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;tĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qr@^LusuO[+T[bJUx.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTq.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHt/b=L.W[QpU[7LrSQ@[Lqt\X@S]

W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rq.V[itrQ[\S usuuqq W[9TbWL J+pqprst <xtwSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosssO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<oupqprJ+rqsusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louosqp qr 

9SGOO\Oj[L<outuoxJ+srurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqopsoJ+qqqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqrsupt pp sMJ

ÄĄporotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopprruÄĄoroqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostorqÄĄ

O^Kqprvsq u qMJ

orsppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposxpvÄĄpprpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrprqxro w sMJ

9^\T9S[\HowoqquÄĄowssoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwtrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;opvrpsq q qMJ

oxptquÄĄporrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqx(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<poowqqJ+pqrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqvrt qr (

oupqprJ+rqsusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrssuJ+ppqqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rostqp v sMJ

I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLototroÄĄoutrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovswpq

QĂžTrpvrprs x pMJ

ourxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqquÄĄoxqttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxrtÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqqupp qu rMJ

orsppwÄĄotosssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovswpqÄĄowsqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqupsu t pMJ

poporsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoporsÄĄpptqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^upvrpsq pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<poowpuJ+pqruttSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<oupqqwJ+rqsvqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<oxrutuJ+pppvtqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<oupqqwJ+rqsvqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poowpuJ+ pqruttSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrutuJ+pppvtqtSI[+L[Hprtu

wpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< poowpuJ+pqruttSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<oupqqwJ+rqsvqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< oxrutuJ+pppvtqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<poowpuJ+pqruttSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oupqqw

J+rqsvqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outuopJ+srupvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<poowpuJ+pqruttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<oupqqwJ+

rqsvqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxrutuJ+pppvtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?98


TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxttswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutptp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qX[7LtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;uĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qs@^LusuO[+T[bJUpo.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTr.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHu/b=L.W[QqU[7LsSQ@[Lqt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<otorstJ+qxtsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovpttp qs 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrtorJ+pprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<pqopqpJ+pvpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tvqvs pq sMJ

posxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqttÄĄopruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqpwotÄĄ

O^Kqpsqpqs u rMJ

ourxowÄĄovqotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprsowÄĄorptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpssqsw w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxowÄĄovtvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsustÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwso(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oxrutwJ+pppvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxqpop qs (

otorstJ+qxtsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osrxrwJ+twtrtqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpsqqo v sMJ

\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrutsÄĄopprswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsspwÄĄ

QĂžTrpwxsv x pMJ

orsprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouooopÄĄoutspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpppqqvrw qu rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLototsvÄĄousvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvqwÄĄourxow

U\Lpquxq t pMJ

otostwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opvqwrp q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upvqwrp pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxrvpsJ+pppwrvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxrptoJ+ppsqqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxpppr pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrvpsJ+pppwrvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrptoJ+ppsqqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrvpsJ+pppwrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V \Oj[L<oxrvpsJ+pppwrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otorrwJ+qxtsrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otorrwJ+qxtsrvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otrstuJ+ppqtqtSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

\Oj[L<oxrvpsJ+pppwrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<otorrwJ+qxtsrvtS

I[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrptoJ+ppsqqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovruopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqorsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousvtu Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?99


rX[7LtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;vĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt@^LusuO[+T[bJUpp.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTs.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHv/b=L.W[QrU[7LtSQ@[Lqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osqqrxJ+qwppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqtpv qt 

\Oj[L<osrxrsJ+twtrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osqqrxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<poqrooJ+prpqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqotqtx pr sMJ

oxrvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqsrÄĄoxquppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kqptrwx u rMJ

ovqotxÄĄowoqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprouÄĄoroooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpttuv w sMJ

orspsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoppopÄĄpptqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtp(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<oxrptrJ+ppsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG;S

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoouos qt (

qwppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osprpuJ+tvsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrxqo v sMJ

oxowovJ+pospvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLouoopwÄĄ

QĂžTrpwswo x pMJ

otouotÄĄouoopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopprtxÄĄoqowpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpppqqwtq qu rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostotoÄĄotstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroooqÄĄ

U\Lpqupupt t pMJ

pptqsoÄĄoprspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppoqxÄĄoqqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opvqtqo q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upvqtqo pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxrqowJ+pptvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<osprrpJ+tvsvsvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ? OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

oxtttqJ+pqrsoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[ Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`V

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<osprrpJ+tvsvsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrqowJ+pptvtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpu pwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtttqJ+pqrsoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<oxrqowJ+pptvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osqqtrJ+qwppuo SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxtttqJ+pqrsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqqtrJ+qwppuoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T

:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqqtrJ+qwppuoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxrqowJ+pptvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqqtrJ+qwppuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loussoo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orovooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?100


sX[7LtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;wĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu@^LusuO[+T[bJUpq.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTt.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHw/b=L.W[QsU[7LuSQ@[Lqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<osppqtJ+qvsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxropx qu 

\Oj[L<osprprJ+tvsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<osppqtJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<oxowosJ+pospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9usrpq ps sMJ

outsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporprtÄĄoppspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpouÄĄ

O^Kqputvsr u sMJ

ortusuÄĄotstoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqrsÄĄortusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpvxqt x pMJ

ostvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLouswopÄĄowqxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxoo(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<oxtttwJ+pqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpossso qu (

qvsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ospvtsJ+tvtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rrruqo w pMJ

owpwoqJ+vtwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotouqsÄĄ

QĂžTrpxqupr x pMJ

oxqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprprrÄĄoqpwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłpppqqxtt qu rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprusvÄĄoqpwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpuovÄĄ

U\Lpquqrqt t pMJ

porsoxÄĄpptqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opvqqx q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upvqqx pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxttsxJ+pqrrqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<potorsJ+pspxrtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <oxttsxJ+pqrrqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potorsJ+pspxrtS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxttsxJ+pqrrqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osppsoJ+qvsrpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<potorsJ+pspxrtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<potorsJ+pspxrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<osppsoJ+qvsrpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxovtwJ+porttS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osppsoJ+

qvsrpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<potorsJ+ pspxrtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxssooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqowtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousoos

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orororÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?101


tX[7LtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;xĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv@^LusuO[+T[bJUpr.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTu.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHx/b=L.W[QtU[7LvSQ@[Lqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osrprrJ+qwrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoross qv 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ospvrpJ+tvtutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

txqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<owpvrxJ+vtvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uputvss pt sMJ

ovsxpuÄĄporpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsqpÄĄoroqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqpwpxtt u sMJ

oxquqwÄĄpprpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvooÄĄoroorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpwqqss x pMJ

pqttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLouswpxÄĄowqxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxow(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<potopvJ+pspwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppwtt qv (

osrprrJ+qwrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ostroxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rsrrqo w pMJ

I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<ovtqotJ+utqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrqosqv x qMJ

ortutrÄĄotstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxquÄĄovqpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqross qu rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoppsqpÄĄoqowrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqprqxÄĄ

U\Lpqurorq t pMJ

oprssoÄĄorpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvssÄĄoxpuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opvpwtx q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upvpwtx pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<potopoJ+pspwrtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovtptvJ+utqpqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovtptvJ+utqpqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[ O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

potopoJ+pspwrtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<potopoJ+pspwrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osrpqu J+qwrpstSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owpvrpJ+vtutvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<potopoJ+pspwrtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<osrpquJ+qwrpstSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotovrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louruow

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoprruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqtxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?102


uX[7LtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;poĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw@^LusuO[+T[bJUps.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTv.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/b=L.W[QuU[7LwSQ@[Lqt \X@S]\NS[SI

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<otqprtJ+rorupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqvqx qw 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ostqqtJ+txqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<ovtpqoJ+utosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqxrvqv pu rMJ

outtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvtqÄĄppqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvopÄĄ

O^Kqpxssrs u sMJ

otouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowspÄĄortvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžrpxruq x pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotoowÄĄpprptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrpvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;opvptsw q qMJ

oqqxquÄĄorsvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpt(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<pqpsqxJ+pvswrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptosp qw (

otqprtJ+rorupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ottvtvJ+quqo

Â&#x201E;OT]rtroqq w pMJ

\Oj[L<ovswqwJ+usqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotovosÄĄ

QĂžTrqosqso x qMJ

otstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqppuÄĄoxqurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvpsÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqrpqp qu rMJ

oxqurtÄĄpotoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqupqÄĄpqqoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqurvru t pMJ

oprstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowropoÄĄpoppsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^upvptsw pt sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovtprsJ+utpptSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqpsqqJ+pvswptSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovtprsJ+utpptSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9

Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqpsqqJ+ pvswptSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqpsqqJ+pvswptSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otqpsxJ+rorutqtS

I[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqpsqqJ+pvswptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L <otqpsxJ+rorutqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovtprsJ+utpptSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L <pqpsqqJ+pvswptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otqpsxJ+rorutqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxruowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqopooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LourqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owroqp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpooxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?103


vX[7LtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSwX[7L>[ŃppØ]KSQ[X[tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qx@^LusuO[+T[bJUpt.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTw.V[ituw…QcHpp/b=L.W[QvU[7LxSQ@[Lqt \X@S]UjL59[JU]@;Ň[IÑP^SUjL>H^­Q[W½ÓH-9S[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ Q[J[L<ourxsoJ+rrtorvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqqptr qx 

I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ottutpJ+qrrt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;Ƕ¾\Oj[L<ovsvssJ+usosvt„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ

„@[T[9vpqrtw pv rMJ

oropoqQbXŃbR[;\JLotovqtġouttsq„Mj[-X[ġporqpuġ

O^Kqqpppro v pMJ

oxqusqġpoowro„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpurpġostwoq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rqosxqo x qMJ

opppqo„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqp(

I[+L[Hǚz[JU]LíÊ-L^S[K[„O\LSMS<oqouosJ+qqqurvt„Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqprs qx (

<ourxsoJ+rrtorvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovqvttJ+ttoqqt

„OT]ruqvqs w pMJ

\Oj[L<owospuJ+vqppt„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń-Q`HbR[;S[\Hpqttrxġ

QþTrqpqotr x qMJ

oppssp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrwovġporqpu„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzpppqrpsu qu rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostwoqġourxrr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptqtwġ

U\Lpqussru t qMJ S[ȉopvpqrv q qMJ

„9H^upvpqrv pt sMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QÊ„O\LSMS<oqouqoJ+qqqvpvtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<oqouqoJ+

qqqvpvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<

oqouqoJ+qqqvpvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ourxrrJ+rrtoqoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS „íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚQ[J[L<ourxrrJ+rrtoqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ourxrrJ+

rrtoqoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottvotJ+qspoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oqouqoJ+qqqvpvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V Q^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ourxrrJ+rrtoqoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovpuqr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxrqps„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lppssow„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[optvor„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lospsow„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louqwpt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owquqt

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpootst„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpprstw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoupt„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtppu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostttp„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď104


wX[7LtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] ro@^LusuO[+T[bJUpu.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTx.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/b=L.W[QwU[7LpoSQ@[Lqt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoussO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxstJ+rvtxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opptpu ro 

Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Q[J[L<osqosrJ+qwqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxpupvJ+poqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqspxrv pw rMJ

J+wrttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotovsuÄĄoutuoo

O^Kqqqsorq v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpqoÄĄourxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworppÄĄoxqusx

ǜžrqqqrw x qMJ

pprqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrouÄĄotoussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;opvxqu q qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrosrÄĄpopqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopqpqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotovsu\Oj[LoxrwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtqtv ro (

ovqutpJ+tsvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxstJ+rvtxtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rvqsqv w qMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<oworrsJ+vpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<owrsrp

QĂžTrqptxu x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtoowÄĄporqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppstpÄĄororot

Ç?Çłpppqrptw qu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroppwÄĄorsrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotoquÄĄ

U\Lpqutprr t qMJ

ovtoowÄĄowssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoworppÄĄowstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^upvxqu pt sMJ

pptrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpuqqÄĄporsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž/H/Q[J[L<ospuswJ+ qvtqrt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<osqoruJ+qwqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<osqoruJ+qwqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqoru J+qwqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L< osqoruJ+qwqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxrxJ+rvtxsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxrxJ+rvtxsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxrxJ+rvtxsqtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqussJ+tsvqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L< osqoruJ+qwqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxrxJ+rvtxsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqro

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoopsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?105


xX[7LtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;prĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]p@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUpv.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTpo.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/b=L.W[QxU[7LppSQ@[Lqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<popsruJ+sqsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqowsp p 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxptpqJ+popvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

wrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<oxpqspJ+popoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wuqvpt px qMJ

potorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpspsÄĄoprvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqpxssÄĄ

O^Kqqspprq v qMJ

ourxrtÄĄovqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtpvÄĄorpusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqrpttt x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxrtÄĄovtwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswrwÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxro(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Q[J[L<outoqxJ+rspttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opquov p (

popsruJ+sqsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<owrrqvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rwqprp w qMJ

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrwrvÄĄopptooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstotÄĄ

QĂžTrqqrvpw x qMJ

orsrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoqpsÄĄoutuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpppqrptw qu rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotowowÄĄousxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwoxÄĄourxrt

U\Lpqutwqv t qMJ

otovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opvupt q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upvupt pt sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<outosrJ+rspuqvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

outosrJ+rspuqvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<popsroJ+sqstttSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L <owrrqoJ+wrrSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<

popsroJ+sqstttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovowroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosoupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwrs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?106


poX[7LtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSppX[7L>[ŃpsØ]KSQ[X[tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]q@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUpw.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTpp.V[ituw…QcHps/b=L.W[QpoU[7LpqSQ@[L qt\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<ooptprJ+svstsvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loroqsx q 

1ġS[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<pppsopJ+ptprst„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

povsvt„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;\JLouoqrtġoxrwtq„Mj[

„@[T[9wpwrox qo qMJ

ouoqrt„Mj[-X[ġopptoxġoqoxpr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovqpquġ

O^Kqqtssqq v qMJ

ostpquġotstro„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horoptoġorsrsq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rqsqxpr x rMJ

oprtqt„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoppptwġoqroqv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrr(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LíÊM_O­[V[i[S[\H<oxqvqwJ+sosvqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqoqpt q (

ooptprJ+svstsvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;…OK`\H\Oj[L<oxpprwJ+

„OT]rxpwru w qMJ

O[bS[S[\Howorpvġoxqvoo„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLotowrpġ

QþTrqrptrp x qMJ

oworpv„Mj[-X[ġpqpsqtġoropto„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzpppqrpst qu rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopqsoġpptsor„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptsorġ

U\Lpqvtpv t qMJ S[ȉopvrt q qMJ

„9H^upvrt pt sMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Wš[HS[\H<oxqvqoJ+sosvqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxtqpqJ+ppswptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtqpqJ+

ppswptSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprs

uvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHS[\H<oxqvqoJ+sosvqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr qtqvLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<oxqvqoJ+sosvqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ooptovJ+svstrqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/

QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxqvqoJ+sosvqtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H

Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ooptovJ+svstrqtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxpprpJ+povroSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxqvqoJ+sosvqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[

XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ooptovJ+svstrqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovosrs„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxqoqt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpprqqp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[opstpu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losoqqo„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loupuqw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owpsrw

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxtrtw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppqrox„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqtsqu„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrxqw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osssor„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď107


ppX[7LtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;ptĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUpx.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTpq.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/b=L.W[QppU[7LprSQ@[L qt\X@S]Ç?ÇłM_\G­Q[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<oqpptrJ+tqruqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lortvsu r 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprtuJ+qopqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotowtsÄĄoututxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xorpsw qp qMJ

pprqsrÄĄoqqopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvqtÄĄotstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqqvpwtr v rMJ

oqqopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorputrÄĄostwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrs(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<oooppsJ+svxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqsqqp r (

oqpptrJ+tqruqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oxtotsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpoptsq w rMJ

porrpoÄĄopptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqtÄĄoxqvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrqrtrss x rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLororqqÄĄortvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprwqqÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqrppx qu rMJ

outopsÄĄowrprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportowÄĄpptrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqtsqrp x rMJ U\Lpqvpqs t qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;oputxts q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uputxts pt sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ooopouJ+svxroSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqppsuJ+tqrupoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooopouJ+ svxroSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ooopouJ+svxroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqppsuJ+tqrupoSI[+L[HK[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ooopouJ+

svxroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oqppsuJ+tqrupoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtpowJ+ppstrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooopouJ+svxroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqppsuJ+tqrupoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovoorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owposq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?108


pqX[7LtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;puĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUqo.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTpr.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/b=L.W[QpqU[7LpsSQ@[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<orttptJ+tutrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lostqtv s 

O[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotprJ+qssxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

prwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLovtpqoÄĄporrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpqrtst qq pMJ

O[bS[S[\HourxroÄĄovqpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvowÄĄpprqtq

O^Kqqwtstv v rMJ

oqoxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpssuÄĄpqtuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžrquttsx x sMJ

9[TS[\HovtwosÄĄoxpurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrt(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<oqqqstJ+trqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqvos s (

orttptJ+tutrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<poqssuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpppqsx w rMJ

-X[ÄĄopptqtÄĄororqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqvÄĄotstqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqsrptv x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwrtÄĄoroqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopptqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqrosp qu rMJ

outortÄĄowrptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprtsoÄĄorputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqvpwsv t qMJ S[Č&#x2030;oputusr q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uputusr pt sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oqqqtwJ+trrvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqssoJ+prwqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqqqtw J+trrvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orttowJ+tutrrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orttowJ+ tutrrqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<poqssoJ+prwqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

oqqqtwJ+trrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<orttowJ+tutrrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouowruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owousu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?109


prX[7LtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]t@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUqp.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTps.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/b=L.W[QprU[7LptSQ@[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowrpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ortspsJ+tutppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotsvov t 

\Oj[L<osqsqwJ+twttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otpvqqJ+opwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqsstqv qr pMJ

otoxsrÄĄoutvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxrvÄĄppqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krorqqx v sMJ

oprwsxÄĄotowrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxrpÄĄortvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrqwxu x sMJ

pqqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotposÄĄpprrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;oputrrq q qMJ

9[TS[\HoqrpptÄĄorsxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrs(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<otpvqqJ+opwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ospuqp t (

ortspsJ+tutppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osrwtpJ+qwsqto

Â&#x201E;OT]rpqxtu w rMJ

\Oj[L<postsqJ+prtxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrqtpox x rMJ

ortvqxÄĄotstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqqÄĄoxqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqqxto qu rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqvppÄĄpotposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvrtÄĄ

U\Lpqvqtqv t qMJ

pptsrsÄĄoprtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrqowÄĄpoprqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^uputrrq pt sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<osrwssJ+qwsqrqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<osqsqpJ+twtrqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<posttuJ+ psorqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osrwssJ+

qwsqrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp

prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osqsqpJ+twtrqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osqsqpJ+twtrqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpvrvJ+opwsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otpvrvJ+opwsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpvrv J+opwsqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<posttuJ+psorqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osqsqpJ+twtrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[; \OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otpvrvJ+

opwsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxowrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouossoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?110


psX[7LtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUqq.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTpt.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/b=L.W[QpsU[7LpuSQ@[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowtsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otpussJ+opuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lourwsq u 

<osqrswJ+twspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[\Oj[L<ouoopuJ+qspvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Q[J[L<otswqsJ+rprtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oupqtqJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9povss qs pMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtvotÄĄororooQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Krqppqp v sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrxtqÄĄporrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvprÄĄ

ǜžrqxqqqs x sMJ

ostwppÄĄourxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptsovÄĄoppqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrq(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<oupqtqJ+qrtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otoxqq u (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<otpussJ+opuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rprvt w rMJ

qrtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<posxqpJ+pswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqtswqq x rMJ

otpoowÄĄoutwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrsxÄĄopptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpppqqwsv qu rMJ

pooxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvoqÄĄostwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpqvrqr t qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;oputoqp q qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uputoqp pt sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ouoopoJ+qsqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otpurtJ+opuvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouoopo J+qsqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpurtJ+opuvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouoopoJ+ qsqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< otpurtJ+opuvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ouoopoJ+qsqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpurtJ+opuvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouprowJ+qruqvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otpurtJ+opuvt SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ouoopoJ+qsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouprowJ+qruqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouswtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouoossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtwts

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ptX[7LtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]v@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUqr.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTpu.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/b=L.W[QptU[7LpvSQ@[L qt\X@S]

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?111


„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxpwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oupqprJ+qrspo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovquqq v 

\Oj[L<ottxrvJ+qqso„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ\Oj[L<ovoursJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouqxrpJ+rrpvqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

„@[T[9popxrspw qs sMJ

J+prqqpqt„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLotporrġoutwqq

O^Krrtpqv w pMJ

„Mj[-X[ġostpqsġourxps„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howorpsġoxqvpt

Ƕ¾sortsp po pMJ

pprrpu„Mj[-X[ġorstpwġotoxpw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

S[ȉopusvpp q qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrqsrġpoprsw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoprswġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxro(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ourwroJ+rrwsvt„Mj[I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louosrx w (

sswtvt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSP[ÍMJ9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oupqprJ+qrspo

„OT]rpsspt w sMJ

ourwroJ+rrwsvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;„U[PL\Oj[L<porpqu

QþTrququrt x rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġovtqpvġporsop„Mj[-X[ġopptsuġororrt

Ǐdzpppqqvrp qu rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġororpvġorstpw„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hpotppuġ

U\Lpqvrwrt t qMJ

ovtqpvġowsupq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Howorpsġowstpt„Mj[(

„9H^upusvpp pt sMJ

pptstr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxpustġportro„Mj[(

ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ottxroJ+qqqqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ourwqqJ+rrwqvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­

Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovouqvJ+ sswsoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[  \Oj[L<ottxroJ+qqqqtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L <ourwqqJ+rrwqvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprt

vwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<ottxroJ+qqqqtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs quqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ovouqvJ+sswsoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

\Oj[L<ottxroJ+qqqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L

XO[„L/\Oj[L<ovouqvJ+sswsoSI[+L[H\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/ QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ottxroJ+qqqqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupqqw J+qrssvtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourwqqJ+rrwqvtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottxroJ+qqqqtSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oupqqwJ+qrssvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V :[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ourwqqJ+rrwqvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovouqvJ+sswsoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loussts„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxoosu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpppqsp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[opqtrt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[orsqrx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lottusw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtstx

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxrspv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpporrp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqrssv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpxsw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsqr„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď112


puX[7LtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]w@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUqs.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTpv.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/b=L.W[QpuU[7LpwSQ@[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxsrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ourwpqJ+rrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howoxrp w 

<ovoupvJ+sswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ovsqsoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ourxpvJ+rrsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqpwpw qt sMJ

pprttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<owsqsuJ+wswqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Krtrqsp w pMJ

potpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptquÄĄoprxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqprrÄĄ

ǜžspswtx po pMJ

ourxouÄĄovqpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruosÄĄorpvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opusruo q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxouÄĄovtvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortotrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqt(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<ourqsxJ+rqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovoort x (

upwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ourwpqJ+rrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rptpqu w sMJ

ourqsxJ+rqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oxsxqqJ+

QĂžTrqvssw x sMJ

K`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsoqpÄĄoppttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstpsÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqqur qu rMJ

orstrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouostpÄĄoutwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lpqvstr t qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotpotxÄĄoutqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwotÄĄourxou

Â&#x201E;9H^upusruo pt sMJ

otoxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovoupoJ+ssvtvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovsqrqJ+upvsvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourwotJ+rrvstSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovoupoJ+ssvtvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovsqrqJ+ upvsvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< ovoupoJ+ssvtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovoupoJ+

ssvtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourwotJ+rrvstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< ourqspJ+rqrpoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourwotJ+rrvstSI[+L[HM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

\Oj[L<ovoupoJ+ssvtvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L <ourqspJ+rqrpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

\Oj[L<ovsqrqJ+upvsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppowstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtpor

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxroqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?113


pvX[7LtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qoĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]x@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUqt.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTpw.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/b=L.W[QpvU[7LpxSQ@[L qt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]L[;MÄ?Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ourqtrJ+rqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howswpx x 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ovsqqrJ+upvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ourqtrJ+rqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<oupwroJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppptpvqw qu sMJ

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<owsqtpJ+wswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<

O^Krvpstv w qMJ

oxsoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworovÄĄoxqvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžsrqpu po pMJ

ovqpoqÄĄoworovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptrtÄĄorortsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opusosx q qMJ

orsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopsptÄĄppttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqo(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<ottvptJ+ptrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtuot po (

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<ovswtpJ+urqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG

Â&#x201E;OT]rpttwrw w sMJ

rqsvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ottvptJ+ptrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTrqvsro x sMJ

ovppsvJ+stxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLouotptÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqqsqq qu rMJ

otppqtÄĄouotptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppttvÄĄoqoxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lpqvtpqv t qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostppvÄĄotstovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorortsÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^upusosx pt sMJ

ppttppÄĄopruowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopprquÄĄoqrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovsqrvJ+upvuoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovswssJ+urqpoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourqsvJ+rqrqtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovsqrvJ+upvuoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovswssJ+

urqpoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovsqrvJ+upvuoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovswssJ+urqpoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ottvowJ+ptrpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourqsvJ+

rqrqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottvowJ+ptrpoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ourqsvJ+rqrqtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

ovsqrvJ+upvuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ottvowJ+ptrpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovswssJ+urqpoSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotswtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsvov

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpottrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?114


pwX[7LtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qpĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]po@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUqu.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTpx.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/b=L.W[QpwU[7LqoSQ@[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotporrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ottvqpJ+ptrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqrro po 

ovswtuJ+urqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<ovqvsqJ+trwqvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otqwrqJ+rospsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ostrptJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqwrqqt qv sMJ

I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<otpwtoJ+opupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Krwtwpp w qMJ

ovqottÄĄoxqvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrrvÄĄoqqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžssptrs po qMJ

ortvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprxtwÄĄoqqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;opurvrw q pMJ

9[TS[\HportsqÄĄpptssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxps(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<ostrptJ+txpqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowtosr pp (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ottvqpJ+ptrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rputttp x pMJ

txpqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<ovpqprJ+totqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqwqppr x sMJ

otpptqÄĄoutxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsrwÄĄoppuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpppqqqqw qu rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvqsÄĄotstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororrvÄĄ

U\Lpqvtvsv t qMJ

orpvosÄĄostvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutqssÄĄowrrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^upurvrw pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovswtoJ+urqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<otqwsuJ+rosqptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovqvrs

J+trwvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[  \Oj[L<ottvprJ+ptrqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<

otqwsuJ+rosqptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovswtoJ+urqqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqvrsJ+trwvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

ovswtoJ+urqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqvrsJ+trwvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ottvprJ+

ptrqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottvprJ+ptrqqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <ostrroJ+txpqtvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ottvprJ+ptrqqt SI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ovswtoJ+urqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostrroJ+txpqtvtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqvrsJ+trwvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?115


TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotstopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsrpo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqowoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

pxX[7LtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qrĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pp@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUqv.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTqo.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/b=L.W[QpxU[7LqpSQ@[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpotxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ostrsqJ+txprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtupo pp 

\Oj[L<ovqwoxJ+trxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]\Oj[L<ousqquJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ospqpwJ+qvqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opqqtu p sMJ

J+opuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<orotqpJ+tsspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Krposqpw w rMJ

ororruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqpÄĄotsstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwruÄĄ

ǜžstqwtp po qMJ

orosroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuouÄĄoqoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;opursqv q pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopruptÄĄorpvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvrxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxou(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<orqtowJ+ttrotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxsssv pq (

rssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGOO\Oj[L<ostrsqJ+txprqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvtrt x pMJ

<orqtowJ+ttrotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<otpwts

QĂžTrqwtxqu x sMJ

O`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLovtrrtÄĄporstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuouÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqqoqq qu rMJ

ovqosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvpsÄĄpprrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsoppÄĄ

U\Lpqwsr t qMJ

pqpttqÄĄpqtwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutrouÄĄowrrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^upursqv pt rMJ

oxpusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovqwoqJ+trxpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ousqpxJ+rsrtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqwoqJ+trxpvtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousqpxJ+rsrtoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqwoqJ+trxpvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ousqpxJ+rsrtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 

9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<orqtopJ+ttrortSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otpxoxJ+ opvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqwoqJ+trxpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orqtopJ+ttrortSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ousqpxJ+rsrtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotspotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrxps

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqosouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S53

M[\Ä?116


qoX[7LtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUqw.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTqp.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/b=L.W[QqoU[7LqqSQ@[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppqtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<opruppJ+totvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqvrp pq 

otrvopJ+otxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<oortqoJ+swqtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqtsvtx q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvpvÄĄotsssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoruÄĄoxqvpq

O^Krpqqvpq w rMJ

ortvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqvpqÄĄpotprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžsusqx po rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppttrtÄĄoprupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrsppÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtw(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<ousqtrJ+rstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lporxos pr (

oqrrqtJ+qrqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<opruppJ+totvqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwtoqp x pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotpqsvÄĄovoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsppxÄĄppqwss

QĂžTrqxrvrw x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsoqtÄĄotppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxtqÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqpws qu rMJ

ppqwssÄĄpqqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotprvÄĄpprrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqwpopt t qMJ

popstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrrpoÄĄortqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opurppv q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upurppv pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ousqsvJ+rstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrrpwJ+qrqppvtSI[+L[H O`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[ \OM[H\Oj[L<otrutrJ+otxvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrrpwJ+qrqppvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousqsvJ+rstS

I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrutrJ+otxvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt pvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ousqsvJ+rstSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ousqsvJ+rstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

opruoqJ+totuuoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ousqsvJ+rstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<opruoqJ+totuuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otrutrJ+otxvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowspouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrtpw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqptowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?117


qpX[7LtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pr@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUqx.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTqq.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/b=L.W[QqpU[7LqrSQ@[L qt\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@@[Q[H^T\OJ[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpptqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<pprorvJ+stsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotwtq pr 

<osptsuJ+tvrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pqrtqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OS[\H<oxtppvJ+sprtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pxstsu r sMJ

-X[ÄĄportprÄĄoppupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsprrÄĄportpr

O^Krpspqsx w sMJ

ostvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostvrsÄĄourwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsw(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<otrvtoJ+pproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpprssr ps (

J+pwqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<pprorvJ+stsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxsvrw x pMJ

S[\HpqtwqrÄĄorotowQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotprpsÄĄovoorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsopttp po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvpoÄĄpooxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorputvÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqptrr qu rMJ

ppttopÄĄoppspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsvttqu po rMJ U\Lpqwpuqr t qMJ S[Č&#x2030;opuqwu q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upuqwu pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otrvsrJ+pppqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ospttxJ+tvrtsqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrvsrJ+pppqtS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrvsrJ+pppqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ospttxJ+tvrtsqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ospttxJ+tvrtsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otrvsrJ+

pppqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pprorpJ+stsrpqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otrvsrJ+pppqtSI[+L[H XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJS[\H<pprorpJ+stsrpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ospttxJ+tvrtsqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrpqq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqppppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?118


qqX[7LtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;quĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ps@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUro.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTqr.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/b=L.W[QqqU[7LqsSQ@[L qt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9[\Q9[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<oxpqtpJ+rxtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprpsq ps 

Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oqsrsqJ+trsrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owooqxJ+uttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqrtrsx t pMJ

otprsqÄĄovootuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtsrrÄĄportqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krpttxt w sMJ

owoqrpÄĄoxqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorotquÄĄorsvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsxwsr po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtsrrÄĄowswpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqrpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;opuqstt q pMJ

poptpwÄĄppttsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpurqÄĄporttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwru(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<ospursJ+tvrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqrros pt (

poqrqtJ+pqtspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxpqtpJ+rxtvtqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqosstu x qMJ

O½[<[HQ[J[L<outvoxJ+rspwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsotss po pMJ

oppuptÄĄororqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostosqÄĄourvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpppqpqto qu rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpspÄĄpprrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvssÄĄotpqpx

U\Lpqwqqqu t qMJ

owsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrssuÄĄpoptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^upuqstt pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<outvopJ+rspwpvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqsrrtJ+trsrroSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqrpwJ+

pqtruoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Q[J[L<outvopJ+rspwpvt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqo qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqsrrtJ+trsrroSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqsrrtJ+trsrroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<oxprotJ+rxtwqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxprotJ+rxtwqvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poqrpwJ+pqtruoSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxprotJ+

rxtwqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<oqsrrtJ+trsrroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpostpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqvqu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxousvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqovptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?119


qrX[7LtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pt@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUrp.V[itrP[SH]j\W\PTqs.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/b=L.W[QqrU[7LqtSQ@[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqsvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ousvtsJ+rrtspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqovsq pt 

.Ă?­[\Oj[L<opotpoJ+sxrupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rrtspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otrrssJ+osvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qwxpp u pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsqopÄĄoppupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowssspÄĄ

O^Krpvsttv x pMJ

orswouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouovstÄĄovoppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžspoqqp po sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotpsppÄĄoutsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvpsÄĄourvso

S[Č&#x2030;opuqpss q pMJ

otpqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqs(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpspp\Oj[LoxsqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprtpv pu (

<owopsqJ+utwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ousvtsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqpsqpu x qMJ

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;XV­GÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orturpJ+qusttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

QĂžTsprqpv po pMJ

potpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuqsÄĄopsposÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqrqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqxtt qu rMJ

ourvsoÄĄovqoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruqqÄĄorpuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqwqwqt t qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourvsoÄĄovtvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrqrÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^upuqpss pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<opotqsJ+sxrutqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V

H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owoprtJ+utwroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opotqsJ+

sxrutqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouswowJ+rrtstqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opotqsJ+sxrutqtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouswowJ+rrtstqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owoprtJ+utwroSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouswowJ+rrtstqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opotqsJ+sxrutqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouprqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpospptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqrrq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxoqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqorqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opswqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?120


qsX[7LtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pu@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUpX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTqt.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/b=L.W[QqsU[7LquSQ@[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprpsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<osqooqJ+qvsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqswto pu 

9SG;S\Oj[L<otrsrsJ+osxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<pqtqsqJ+pxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqqqwro v pMJ

oxqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpsrxÄĄouowpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krpxrrpx x pMJ

pqpuroÄĄorouosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostoqpÄĄotsrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspprtpw po sMJ

pptuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptuopÄĄopruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpp(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^S[\H<ppqtprJ+stquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqspts pv (

osqooqJ+qvsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<orouptJ+tsrvsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqqrxru x qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouowpoÄĄoxsqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqpoÄĄ

QĂžTsqporo po pMJ

oppupwÄĄoqoxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxsuÄĄowoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppqusw qu rMJ

9^\T9S[\HorouosÄĄorswqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoptspÄĄ

U\Lpqwrsqo t qMJ

oppsswÄĄoqrspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opupwrr q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upupwrr pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[S[\H<ppqtqvJ+stqvSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrssxJ+otoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ S[\H<ppqtqvJ+stqvSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqs uwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppqtqvJ+stqvSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppqtqvJ+stqvSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<ppqtqvJ+stqvSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqopvJ+qvsstSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otrssxJ+otoqtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<osqopvJ+qvsstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<ppqtqvJ+stqvSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouoxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpxru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opssquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?121


qtX[7LtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pv@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUqX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTqu.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/b=L.W[QqtU[7LqvSQ@[L qt\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbO9JS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprsqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsqrJ+qprwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprvpo

9SGU9^\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsqrJ+qprwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ppquuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<outorwJ+rtvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ruswpw w qMJ

oppupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxrpÄĄoxqutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprspoÄĄ

O^Krqpqpx x qMJ

ororpsÄĄortuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsproÄĄoqqrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspqswru po sMJ

owrtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportsxÄĄppttqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtu(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[S[\H<oxswroJ+spqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

pv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortptq pw (

oosqssJ+swrvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<oxsxtuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrrutx x rMJ

OS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotptowÄĄovoqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportttÄĄ

QĂžTsqswsr po pMJ

oqqrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortuspÄĄotsrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpppqrqx qu rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpuruÄĄostutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLouttqrÄĄ

U\Lpqwsopo t qMJ S[Č&#x2030;opuptqr q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upuptqr pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<oxswsrJ+spqrtvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ

\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxsxswJ+ppqusoSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxswsrJ+spqrtvtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxswsrJ+ spqrtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsptJ+qprvsvt SI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxsxswJ+ppqusoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsptJ+qprvsvtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxswsrJ+spqrtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouotrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ororqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovptso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppttqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?122


quX[7LtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;roĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pw@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUrX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTqv.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHro/b=L.W[QquU[7LqwSQ@[L qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<pprsqvJ+ptsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrspr

<owqoorJ+rvsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGL[;\Oj[L<pprsqvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxqtpqJ+poqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqpstx x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLovtttpÄĄporuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krqrxqq x qMJ

ourustÄĄovpxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqussÄĄpprsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžspsptr pp pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpusrÄĄpqtxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLouttsuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;opupqpq q pMJ

ovtuquÄĄoxpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvso(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<oxqtpqJ+poqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[

pw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotoqoq px (

ptsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜS[\H<poqwpqJ+srpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]rqsrsqq x rMJ

outproJ+rtxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<osooroJ+tutp

QĂžTsrqutu po qMJ

oppupwÄĄororovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorturqÄĄotsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpppptxtw qu rMJ

opspsqÄĄorousqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppupwÄĄoqoxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqwsttu t qMJ

owrttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruqoÄĄorpuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^upupqpq pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxttJ+rvsostSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<poqwotJ+srppoSI[+L[H\W+X S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[

@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<outpsrJ+soptSI[+L[H

O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H<poqwotJ+srppoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV

99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[ <owpxttJ+rvsostSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxttJ+rvsostSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqtot J+poqqqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pprsspJ+ptsvsoSI[+L[H

9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqtotJ+poqqqvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outpsrJ+soptSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pprsspJ+

ptsvsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxttJ+rvsostSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxqtotJ+poqqqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouoprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowpvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovppsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orspoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?123


qvX[7LtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;p3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUsX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTqw.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHpX[z[L.W[QqvU[7Lqx SQ@[Lqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxquosJ+poqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrxsr

<ovosprJ+rsropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovrqpvJ+trxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9stptpp po qMJ

topsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotpuouÄĄovoqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krqstvtt x rMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpwtvÄĄoxquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsptsÄĄotpsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsptptpo pp pMJ

potpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxrtÄĄpqqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;opuxp q pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowruppÄĄpopuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrtouÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvqr(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<ovrqpvJ+trxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Q[J[L

px O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louovtv qo (

oxquosJ+poqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqusoJ+rvtuqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqtrpsv x rMJ

OS]j[L\Oj[L<osopqoJ+tutrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<opqqprJ+

QĂžTsstx po qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxsqtqÄĄppqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortuqpÄĄotsrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpppptups qu rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxrwÄĄortuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxquruÄĄ

U\Lpqwtprv t qMJ

potpsqÄĄpprsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuptÄĄoprupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^upuxp pt rMJ

ortstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ovosqwJ+rsrottSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Q[J[L<ovosqwJ+rsrottSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxqttuJ+poqsrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovosqwJ+rsrottSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrqpoJ+

trwttSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; \Oj[L<oxqttuJ+poqsrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqttuJ+poqsrtSI[+L[H O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovrqpoJ+trwttSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxqttuJ+poqsrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovosqwJ+rsrottSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovrqpoJ+trwttSI[+L[H\JL JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqttqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotoxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovovsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpopupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppsvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?124


qwX[7LtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;q3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUtX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTqx.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHqX[z[L.W[QqwU[7Lp SQ@[Lqt\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovrqswJ+tsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostorw

<ououopJ+rqrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ottxppJ+pstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spxptsx pp qMJ

orovpxQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpuruÄĄovorppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuqqÄĄ

O^Krqusust x sMJ

oxquqwÄĄpooxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpuppÄĄostuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspuqwqw pp pMJ

opptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvot(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ottxppJ+pstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Q[J[L

qo O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovoupq qp (

ovrqswJ+tsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ousrouJ+rrrupt

Â&#x201E;OT]rquqxps x rMJ

S[\H<potxosJ+sspupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxroÄĄ

QĂžTsssrqq po qMJ

oppupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsrotÄĄporuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpppptqqo qu rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostuovÄĄouruorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttrtÄĄ

U\Lpqwtvpr t qMJ S[Č&#x2030;oputto q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uputto pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ouotttJ+rqrpvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ottxosJ+psstvtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ottxosJ+psstvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouotttJ+rqrpvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrqrxJ+tsovtSI[+L[H<S

W[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouotttJ+ rqrpvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ottxosJ+psstvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L <ovrqrxJ+tsovtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ouotttJ+rqrpvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovrqrxJ+tsovtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottxosJ+psstvtS I[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<

ovrqrxJ+tsovtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouotttJ+rqrpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottxosJ+psstvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowoxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LototspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovortp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpopqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppsrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?125


qxX[7LtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;r3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUuX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTro.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHrX[z[L.W[QqxU[7LqU[7j[T qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptrvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ottxspJ+psuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoqqr qq 

Q[J[L<otqxotJ+roroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SG;S\Oj[L<ottxsp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ossxtpJ+twtosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9trspv pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtuswÄĄporurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupsÄĄoroqsq

O^Krqwrtsx x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorovrwÄĄortopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotprxÄĄ

ǜžspvspst pp qMJ

ovtuswÄĄowtooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowootxÄĄowsrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opuqrx q pMJ

pptuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxptrxÄĄportrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourust(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ossxtpJ+twtosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtttu qq (

J+psuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otqprpJ+ropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]rqvqusq x sMJ

owtspvJ+rxrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotpvotÄĄovorrs

QĂžTstqprt po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxppÄĄourtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowootxÄĄoxqupx

Ç?Çłppppswpr qu rMJ

pprspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortopwÄĄotptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lpqxqss t qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrussÄĄpopurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopurrÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^upuqrx pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otqxpxJ+rorortSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otqxpx J+rorortSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottxrrJ+psupoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otqxpxJ+rorortSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SG O[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ossxsqJ+twtoqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otqxpxJ+

rorortSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottxrrJ+psupoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <ossxsqJ+twtoqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottxrrJ+psupoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otqxpxJ+rorortSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossxsqJ+

twtoqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowotssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotopstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutxtt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoowqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?126


roX[7LtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;t3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUvX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTrp.V[ituwÂ&#x2026;QcHtX[z[L.W[QroU[7LrU[7j[T qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ossxtvJ+twtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoqqr qq 

otpvsqJ+rooqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ossxtvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<osovtpJ+tvsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpurwru pr qMJ

oppuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsrqtÄĄpotpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvoqÄĄ

O^Ksoqtr po pMJ

oupostÄĄovortuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourtptÄĄovpvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspwttq pp qMJ

outvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosttrrÄĄourtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourtptÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louruqs(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<osovtpJ+tvsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtttu qq (

twtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<osqtowJ+qvswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]rqwqspq x sMJ

ovposrJ+rssqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrqwÄĄ

QĂžTsttxsx po qMJ

opsqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqtprÄĄortosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppppsrtt qu rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopruovÄĄorpttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpvrsÄĄ

U\Lpqxwpp t qMJ

ovttqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortuooÄĄotpuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opttxqx q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upttxqx pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<otpvtuJ+roottSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otpvtu J+roottSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osovsrJ+tvsvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[; M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Q[J[L<osqtqqJ+qvsxroSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b; Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJQ[J[L<otpvtuJ+roottSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<osovsrJ+tvsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowopswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutuoo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoosrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?127


rpX[7LtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;u3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qr@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUwX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTpX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHuX[z[L.W[QrpU[7LsU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuruO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osovtwJ+tvsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovpppp qr 

otrtotJ+rosqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osovtwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orttstJ+turrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPQ[J[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqxtvrr ps qMJ

oxsrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowooqsÄĄoxqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Ksqpsqt po pMJ

ovpvrvÄĄowooqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvouÄĄorowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqowqo pp rMJ

ortpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoputpÄĄpptuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louruor(

\Oj[L<orttstJ+turrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrwqo qr (

tvsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvtrJ+qurxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqxqpsr x sMJ

<ottoprJ+rpqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLouppppÄĄ

QĂžTsurwq po qMJ

otpwosÄĄouppppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuovÄĄoqoxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpppprxqu qu rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosswruÄĄotspsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorowpsÄĄ

U\Lpqxprrr t qMJ

pptuqvÄĄopruoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppttuÄĄoqruoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opttupw q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upttupw pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvsuJ+qurxptSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otrstxJ+rosqpvtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvsuJ+

qurxptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqo qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrstxJ+rosqpvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L <otrstxJ+rosqpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ortttwJ+turrrqtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ortttwJ+

turrrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ortttwJ+turrrqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

ortvsuJ+qurxptSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ortttwJ+turrrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpooxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutqos

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoooruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?128


pP[JtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;v3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qs@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUxX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTqX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHvX[z[L.W[QpP[ȢtU[7j[Tqt \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpX[7LtrQ[\S usuvqr T[Q^/\W+ J+rxtwro <qppuSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<orttroJ+turqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowptrp qs 

<ouqqopJ+rqrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ospstuJ+tvpxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uprosp pt qMJ

otpwrrÄĄovossoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporutrÄĄoppuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kssrto po qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorttprÄĄotspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqpoÄĄ

ǜžsqpqprv pp rMJ

orptquÄĄoststsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutwoqÄĄowrvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtrx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<ospstuJ+tvpxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxptqq qs (

orttroJ+turqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<osoppvJ+qusuto

Â&#x201E;OT]sopxpu po pMJ

ǜžQ[J[L<ostrsxJ+qwtwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsvpupu po rMJ

ovpvpsÄĄoxqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprspxÄĄoqqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpppprssu qu rMJ

orttprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsqtpÄĄoqqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpqxpwsx t qMJ

9[TS[\HportqsÄĄppttssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opttrv q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upttrv pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ouqqpvJ+rqrxqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouqqpvJ+rqrxqoSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQ[J[L<ouqqpvJ+rqrxqoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ospstoJ+tvpxqvtS I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

ouqqpvJ+rqrxqoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ospstoJ+tvpxqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ospstoJ+tvpxqvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ( Q[J[L<osopoxJ+qusuroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouqqpvJ+rqrxqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ospstoJ+tvpxqvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoottqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Louswow

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?129


qP[JtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;w3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUpoX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTrX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHwX[z[L.W[QqP[ȢuU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvrsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ospsqqJ+tvpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxptru qt 

<ovrxttJ+rttqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ospsqq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OO\Oj[L<otosstJ+txqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqtswqu pu qMJ

porvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppttwÄĄoroptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortstvÄĄ

O^Ksttrpv po qMJ

pprspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsropÄĄorowtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžsqqrstt pp rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoutwqsÄĄowrvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprttoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtpt(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<otosstJ+txqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxsxop qt (

J+tvpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<osrttvJ+qwpqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]spputo po pMJ

osqptuJ+qvrvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLovtwopÄĄ

QĂžTsvtsro po rMJ

otsotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrttÄĄovputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqtrsÄĄ

Ç?Çłppppqxts qu rMJ

oppttwÄĄoqowtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvpqÄĄopooovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqxqsp t qMJ

orptpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtsqqÄĄoxpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;optsxtu q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uptsxtu pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<osqqoxJ+qvrvstSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovrxsvJ+rttptoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<osqqoxJ+qvrvstSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9

Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovrxsv J+rttptoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L< ovrxsvJ+rttptoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovrxsvJ+

rttptoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/

\Oj[L<otosrwJ+txqqstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<osqqoxJ+qvrvstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrxsvJ+rttptoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otosrwJ+txqqstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpooptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousspr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orprruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?130


rP[JtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;x3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUppX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTsX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHxX[z[L.W[QrP[ȢvU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<otorsxJ+txqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpopqrq qu 

<oxqtrqJ+soptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<otorsxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqqpvJ+qrtrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vwqptx pv qMJ

ovotqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsspoÄĄpproopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsrxÄĄ

O^Ksvsqsq po rMJ

otpwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowswÄĄortsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžsqrswpq pp sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotppvÄĄpprspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuqxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;optsust q pMJ

oqrutsÄĄortvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursto(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ouqqpvJ+qrtrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[S[\H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoqotx qu (

txqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otrxswJ+rotosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqpsqu po pMJ

osprorJ+qvprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpxrqÄĄ

QĂžTswrqss po rMJ

otsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpuqtÄĄoxqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrppÄĄ

Ç?Çłppppqstq qu rMJ

oxqtqoÄĄpotppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpproopÄĄpqqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqxqxw t qMJ

oprtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrwopÄĄpopvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^uptsust pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<oxqtsvJ+soptrvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxqtsvJ+

soptrvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxqtsvJ+soptrvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouqqpoJ+qrtqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S

W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqqpoJ+qrtqoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Q[J[L<ospqttJ+qvprqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<oxqtsvJ+soptrvt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ouqqpoJ+qrtqoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotropqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousopv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opotovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?131


sP[JtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;x3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUpqX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTtX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHxX[z[L.W[QsP[ȢwU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwrrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ouqpqoJ+qrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppovru qv 

pprtrvJ+strwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqpqo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<owoqrpJ+ustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqosrpx pw qMJ

oroxquQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqooqÄĄovotstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvppÄĄ

O^Ksxrqq po rMJ

oxqtouÄĄpoowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpssqÄĄostrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqtpqx pp sMJ

oppuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursqr(

JUQ]\Oj[L<owoqrpJ+ustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotqsv qv (

J+qrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovoxrsJ+rsrrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]srpqs po pMJ

osqrtxJ+qvrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoopwÄĄ

QĂžTsxpotw po rMJ

opptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxssqoÄĄporvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpppppxrx qu rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostrsxÄĄourqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttstÄĄ

U\Lpqxrsx t qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;optsrrs q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uptsrrs pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<pprtroJ+strwsoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<pprtroJ+strwsoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pprtroJ+ strwsoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouqpprJ+qrqtvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pprtroJ+strwsoSI[+L[H 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owoqssJ+ustrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ouqpprJ+qrqtvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owoqssJ+ustrqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouqpprJ+qrqtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<pprtroJ+strwsoSI[+L[H

XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owoqssJ+ ustrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Louruqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?132


tP[JtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;po3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUprX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTuX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpoX[z[L.W[QtP[ȢxU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owoprsJ+usqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqoqop qw 

9SG;S\Oj[L<owoprsJ+usqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qwstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqorpÄĄovououÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqttp px pMJ

-X[ÄĄossusxÄĄourqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtwrwÄĄoxqstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksppqpps po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqtoÄĄotpxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtwtsÄĄ

ǜžsqupssv pp sMJ

owrwroÄĄpopvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvqxÄĄpptuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrtt(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<oqoqrvJ+tpsruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqtsu qw (

owtwqtJ+rxsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚQ[J[L<ostostJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ssxsr po qMJ

-X[ÄĄovtwtsÄĄporvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptrxÄĄoroppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsxsxpq po rMJ

-X[ÄĄoroxsrÄĄortqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotposÄĄpprspo

Ç?Çłpppppspt qu rMJ

owtpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtwrwÄĄowspssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpqxrxt t qMJ

9[TS[\HoxpsosÄĄporstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;optsoqs q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uptsoqs pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oqoqroJ+tpsrsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqoqroJ+tpsrsqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owopquJ+usqpvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqoqroJ+tpsrsqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxtwqtJ+pprrroS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owopquJ+usqpvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< oxtwqtJ+pprrroSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owopquJ+usqpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtwqtJ+pprrroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqoroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosrspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourqqt Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owppsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqtvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oropsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?133


uP[JtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pp3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qx@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUpsX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTvX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHppX[z[L.W[QuP[ȢpoU[7j[Tqt\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]M\OĂ&#x160;[bS[ML]M^Ă&#x160;J[59[JU].\@9[ÄĄĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxtvpsJ+pprorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqturt qx 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxtvpsJ+pprorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

roprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLoxssrwÄĄopptrq

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wptox qo pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqutoÄĄortrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouprssÄĄ

O^Ksprpopu po sMJ

oprtpwÄĄorpsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqpopÄĄoutxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžsqvqws pq pMJ

-X[ÄĄortwrtÄĄotpxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrqu(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<osrwrwJ+twpqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqoppo qx (

potwquJ+ssrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HQ[J[L<otqurqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]stvqt po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowspqsÄĄpototuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvpwÄĄopsrrx

QĂžTspoqvqu po sMJ

ovouqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourptqÄĄovptorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppppwsq qu rMJ

-X[ÄĄostropÄĄourptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourptqÄĄovtqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lpqxsrtu t qMJ S[Č&#x2030;optrvpr q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uptrvpr pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<osrwtqJ+twprqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

osrwtqJ+twprqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<osrwtqJ+twprqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxtvovJ+ pproptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osrwtqJ+twprqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

oxtvovJ+pproptSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtvovJ+pproptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osrwtqJ+twprqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owovsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppowpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqtrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?134


vP[JtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pq3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUptX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTwX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpqX[z[L.W[QvP[ȢppU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqooqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pptxoqJ+purrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optpsq ro 

M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<osrvsqJ+twporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

purrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<opoopsJ+sxtrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqvqt qp pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoupsoxÄĄoxsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtvswÄĄ

O^Kspstxr pp pMJ

opptqrÄĄoqowoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpsrsÄĄovtvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžsqwspqp pq pMJ

9^\T9S[\HorpopvÄĄortrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvspÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;optrsq q pMJ

oppusuÄĄoqrvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqtu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqpro\Oj[LoxsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsoov ro (

ovprttJ+srxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pptxoqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sutw po qMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LQ[J[L<ouotpoJ+rpsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½

QĂžTspptsp po sMJ

oxqspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqproÄĄoupsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppppqtw qu rMJ

pqpvpwÄĄorpopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossuooÄĄotrwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqxswsq t qMJ

pptuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptuqsÄĄoprtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^uptrsq pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pptxpvJ+pursqvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovpspoJ+ssoqvtSI[+L[HQ9S S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pptxpv J+pursqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S

qstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpspoJ+ssoqvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpx qpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pptxpvJ+pursqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpspoJ+ssoqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<pptxpvJ+

pursqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpspoJ+ssoqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

pptxpvJ+pursqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pptxpvJ+pursqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovpspoJ+ssoqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovroqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpposqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqsxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otporrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?135


wP[JtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pr3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rp@^T[/usuO[+T[bJUpuX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTxX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHprX[z[L.W[QwP[ȢpqU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqorpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optvtwJ+qpqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvos rp 

Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<oxrxowJ+pospsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trsvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Q[J[L<ourxowJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xxsqr qp sMJ

-X[ÄĄporvqxÄĄopptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpsorÄĄoxqsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kspusvrs pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLorooqsÄĄortqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrtuÄĄ

ǜžsqxtsrw pq pMJ

ovoortÄĄowrxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporsqsÄĄppttrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqqt(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<ovpqtxJ+srvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqrqt rp (

MS<optvtwJ+qpqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oqtrqtJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]svqtq po rMJ

rrpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotqptxÄĄovovoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsppsrtt po sMJ

-X[ÄĄpprrtwÄĄoqqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortqtxÄĄotrwox

Ç?Çłpppotvs qu rMJ

oqqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorprrrÄĄostqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpqxtrqq t qMJ S[Č&#x2030;optrotp q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uptrotp pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovpqtpJ+srvpoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxrxqrJ+posqpvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxpp prpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpqtpJ+srvpoSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrxqrJ+posqpvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpqtpJ+srvpoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optvtpJ+qpqxsoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxrxqrJ+posqpvtSI[+L[H<SS

9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<ovpqtpJ+srvpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optvtpJ+qpqxsoS

I[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovpqtpJ+srvpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optvtpJ+

qpqxsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxrxqrJ+posqpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqowpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppooqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?136


xP[JtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ps3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]p.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUpvX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTpoX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpsX[z[L.W[QxP[ȢprU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpopO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrtuJ+qttrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorspst p 

9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrtuJ+qttrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rsxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLowooooÄĄporvrq

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqpport qq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouroowÄĄovprrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqrsqÄĄpprrtr

O^Kspwrtsu pp qMJ

oqovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvpuÄĄopoosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžtpvtu pq qMJ

9[TS[\HovtproÄĄoxpqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourptq(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<oxrwpoJ+porxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqppqp p (

osrooqJ+tvsvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLQ[J[L<ovoqpxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sworx po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptosÄĄorooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqruÄĄotrvrw

QĂžTspqqqpo po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssorÄĄorpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopptosÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppotpp qu rMJ

ovootuÄĄowrxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprssuÄĄorprprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpqxtvtu t qMJ S[Č&#x2030;optqvso q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uptqvso pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxrworJ+porwtvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<osqxtsJ+tvsvqqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osqxtsJ+

tvsvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrworJ+porwtvtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrtoJ+qttrqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ( \Oj[L<oxrworJ+porwtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrtoJ+qttrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppsvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqosqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqsprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?137


poP[JtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pt3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]q.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUpwX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTppX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHptX[z[L.W[QpoP[ȢpsU[7j[Tqt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TLT\QTĂ&#x2DC;[OL]M_\G­Q[S[:]M_\G­Q[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqproO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<otoxopJ+qxqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrspx q 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osqxosJ+tvstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<ovowrqJ+rsqrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9porqruo qr sMJ

pproopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqprÄĄotrvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovprooÄĄ

O^Ksqoqrrs pp rMJ

oqovqoÄĄortqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqrqrÄĄpotopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtqqppr pq qMJ

pprrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptupsÄĄoprsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourppx(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ppstoqJ+ptttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ororqu q (

otoxopJ+qxqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otsqroJ+osvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]swtwqv po rMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotqqtvÄĄovovtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxstoxÄĄ

QĂžTsproqt po sMJ

oxqrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsspoÄĄotqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppposssw qu rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLpproopÄĄpqqqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotopxÄĄ

U\Lqoqqt t rMJ

owrxruÄĄpopvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrwroÄĄosooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;optqsro q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uptqsro pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ppstpuJ+ptttsvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^L

H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otowttJ+qxqsttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^ O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< ppstpuJ+ptttsvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppstpuJ+ptttsvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otowttJ+qxqsttSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otowttJ+qxqsttSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppstpuJ+ptttsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otowttJ+qxqsttS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxroqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqooqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?138


ppP[JtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pu3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]r.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUpxX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTpqX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpuX[z[L.W[QppP[ȢptU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqptxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ouovtoJ+rptouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqrqs r 

M_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otsprqJ+ostptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<outrttJ+rrsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poptsvrv qs rMJ

ovowpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvrvÄĄoppssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Ksqqpotu pp rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpqrqÄĄostosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostosrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louross(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqvqrJ+qoxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ortwqs r (

<ouovtoJ+rptouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouquppJ+qrtso

Â&#x201E;OT]sxtupv po rMJ

K`\H-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoostÄĄorppqqQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqrquÄĄ

QĂžTsprrwso pp pMJ

oxstptÄĄporvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqrorÄĄpoouruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppporwqu qu rMJ

ouqwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttquÄĄoppvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtrrsro pq rMJ U\Lqousx t rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;optqppx q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uptqppx pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqvptJ+qoxrqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otspswJ+ostttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opqvptJ+qoxrqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqvpt J+qoxrqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouovsrJ+

rptosqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqvptJ+qoxrqtS

I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouovsrJ+rptosqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouovsrJ+ rptosqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otspswJ+ostttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqvptJ+qoxrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ouovsrJ+rptosqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opturpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosposoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovswoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/oststoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?139


pqP[JtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pv3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]s.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUqoX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTprX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpvX[z[L.W[QpqP[ȢpuU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqqwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ourustJ+rrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louowow s 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouqttvJ+qrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;K`\HQ[J[L<oupttpJ+rqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqwqrtt qt rMJ

porvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsrpÄĄoqtxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrspÄĄ

O^Ksqrtvsx pp sMJ

orttpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposxtuÄĄpprrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžtssvsv pq rMJ

9^\T9S[\HovttqxÄĄowrxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsoooÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;optpww q pMJ

oxppswÄĄporrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louroow(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsotuJ+qrpqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ostsso s (

<ourustJ+rrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ourxpuJ+rvpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]spotsx po sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqrttÄĄovowqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoosvÄĄ

QĂžTspsputu pp pMJ

ouqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovttqxÄĄoxqqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpprwÄĄ

Ç?Çłppporptt qu rMJ

orttpsÄĄotqqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoosvÄĄowtrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqoppv t rMJ

popwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopwoqÄĄpptuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^uptpww pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsosxJ+qrpqptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqttoJ+qrssvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsosxJ+qrpqptSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsosxJ+

qrpqptSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsosxJ+qrpqptSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsosxJ+qrpqptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<oururwJ+rrpsvtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oururwJ+rrpsvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouqttoJ+qrssvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsosxJ+qrpqptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L< oururwJ+rrpsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosousrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?140


prP[JtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pw3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]t.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUqpX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTpsX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpwX[z[L.W[QprP[ȢpvU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqtvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<oursqoJ+rqtstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louswqv t 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ourxqrJ+rvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TQ[J[L<otpqtxJ+qxrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppppssp qu rMJ

ÄĄposxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvovÄĄopssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqwppÄĄ

O^Ksqtssx pp sMJ

ouqvruÄĄovpppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprrtrÄĄorppsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtups pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqvruÄĄovsxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosopoqÄĄotqqtv

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxrq(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqrtsJ+qstwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottotr t (

Q[J[L<oursqoJ+rqtstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ouqpssJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spptqr po sMJ

I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstqvÄĄoppspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Howrwso

QĂžTspsttpp pp pMJ

orttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupuruÄĄovowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpppoqtpt qu rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotqsqrÄĄovoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxsqÄĄouqvru

U\Lqoptpx t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;optpstv q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uptpstv pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsowJ+qstxqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L 99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourxpuJ+rvpqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orqsowJ+qstxqqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsowJ+qstxqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oursprJ+rqtsrtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourxpuJ+rvpqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsowJ+qstxqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<oursprJ+rqtsrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovoussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosoqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovsopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxoxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpososuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqroqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?141


psP[JtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;px3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]u.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUqqX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTptX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpxX[z[L.W[QpsP[ȢpwU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ouopspJ+rprqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqstr u 

9SGOO\Oj[L<ouqproJ+qqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ouopsp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsuqpJ+qttrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqsqpq qv rMJ

oxqptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqstqÄĄoupvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqvqxtr pq pMJ

pqpvorÄĄorpqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossqrwÄĄotrssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtvpsqp pq sMJ

pptttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptttrÄĄoprrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwts(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrutwJ+qtroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousupx v (

J+rprqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrsqoJ+oqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]spqsxtx po sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoupvooÄĄoxstrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtsqvÄĄ

QĂžTsptrrqv pp pMJ

oppsouÄĄoqoupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpospÄĄovtsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppopwqv qu rMJ

9^\T9S[\HorpqowÄĄortttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwowÄĄ

U\Lqopxqt t rMJ

oppvpsÄĄoqrxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;optppsu q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uptppsu pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrvprJ+qtrotqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqpssJ+qqqpoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrvprJ+qtrotqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orrvprJ+qtrotqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrvprJ+qtrotqtS

I[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouoprsJ+rprpst SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqpssJ+qqqpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrvprJ+qtrotqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouoprs J+rprpstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovoqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovruqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxotrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?142


ptP[JtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qo3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]v.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUqrX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTpuX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqoX[z[L.W[QptP[ȢpxU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<otootxJ+qwtxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtwqr v 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrssxJ+oqrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opturxJ+qppwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ovsrx p rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpoosÄĄoxqpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprroxÄĄoqqwrq

O^Ksqxpstv pq pMJ

ÄĄortoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssspÄĄoqqwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžtwqvrw pq sMJ

9[TS[\HporqtpÄĄppttosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwpt(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqqqoJ+qstqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovsott w (

otootxJ+qwtxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osqorwJ+tvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sprsvtv pp pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqtqoÄĄovoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvspÄĄopprtq

QĂžTspuppsr pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortoorÄĄotrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtvtx

Ç?Çłpppopprp qu rMJ

orppooÄĄosswrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoqtvÄĄowsorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqoqrqt t rMJ S[Č&#x2030;optwrt q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uptwrt pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqqprJ+qstqpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orqqprJ+qstqpqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqqprJ+qstqpqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otootpJ+qwtwsvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otrsspJ+oqrqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqqprJ+qstqpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otootpJ+qwtwsvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxposwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovrqqt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxoprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?143


puP[JtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qp3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUqsX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTpvX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqpX[z[L.W[QpuP[ȢqoU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtoqJ+qtqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howroos w 

oqsqovJ+qrposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG;S\Oj[L<osqpovJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqsrtuJ+trpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqpqoqv q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLowopstÄĄporvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktotxpv pq qMJ

ouqtrpÄĄovoxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqpprÄĄpprqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžtxsots pq sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqputtÄĄopootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovorpuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;opttqt q pMJ

ovsvtqÄĄoxpopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvru(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrtpr x (

tvpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtoqJ+qtqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]spssttv pp pMJ

ppsuqvJ+pttprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<oxpvsuJ+xrwsqt

QĂžTspusxuo pp qMJ

opprrwÄĄoqtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxrsÄĄotrrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłppposqv qu rMJ

opsssuÄĄorpqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopprrwÄĄoqotrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqoqvqo t rMJ

owsossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprrovÄĄorportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^upttqt pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsqqpJ+qrppqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oqsrsvJ+trprstSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqsrsv J+trprstSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq

prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsqqpJ+qrppqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsqqpJ+qrppqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsqqpJ+qrppqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtpvJ+

qtqrsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtpvJ+qtqrsqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ppsuqoJ+

pttpqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsqqpJ+ qrppqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtpvJ+qtqrsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqwqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?144


pvP[JtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qq3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]x.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUqtX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTpwX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqqX[z[L.W[QpvP[ȢqpU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqstqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswruJ+qottsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxoppp x 

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswruJ+qottsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oxpwruJ+xsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<ourtroJ+qtpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ptpprs r rMJ

ppqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxotÄĄotrqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovowsvÄĄ

O^Ktqsqto pq qMJ

oqotpvÄĄorsxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqoswÄĄposwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtpotspp pr pMJ

pprqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttrqÄĄoprqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqutt(

I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opspqrJ+qorvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxropo po (

\Oj[L<ooswovJ+swqrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]sptsrtx pp pMJ

I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotqupvÄĄovpootÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxstsvÄĄ

QĂžTspvqwpu pp qMJ

oxqoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsstoÄĄotqstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppxtvpt qu qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxrtÄĄpqqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwsxÄĄ

U\Lqorpw t rMJ

owsotsÄĄpopwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrxtpÄĄosoqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;optqps q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uptqps pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsppvJ+qorvroSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L

Â&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxpwqxJ+xsoroSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opsppvJ+qorvroSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsppvJ+qorvroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opswqxJ+qottroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswqxJ+qottroSI[+L[HL[\S9L :[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;

\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxpwqxJ+xsoroS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsppvJ+qorvroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswqxJ+qottroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqsrr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

pwP[JtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qr3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]po.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUquX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTpxX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqrX[z[L.W[QpwP[ȢqqU[7j[T qt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;S@Ĺ&#x2030;[Ć&#x2020;Q]@Ĺ&#x2030;

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?145


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtqoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ppsstpJ+ptstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrrot po 

pqqrqqJ+pvqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ppsstp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<oxqwqtJ+porqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppxpsqp s rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoosxÄĄorprotQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Ktsqtrq pq rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsttpÄĄporvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqoqrÄĄ

ǜžtpqvqw pr pMJ

ossutrÄĄouqsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptsspÄĄoppvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqupr(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oxqwqtJ+porqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqutt pp (

J+ptstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<porvtsJ+sqtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]spusqq pp qMJ

ourupxJ+qtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<orsqouJ+ttrvpt

QĂžTspwurr pp qMJ

otqussÄĄovpoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvsoÄĄopprovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppxsxtv qu qMJ

poosqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroxsrÄĄossutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lqorstp t rMJ S[Č&#x2030;opstxr q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upstxr pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<pqqrpuJ+pvqpqoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<orsptxJ+ttrutvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

potqrrJ+prrrqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J

ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourupqJ+qtrsoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<orsptxJ+ttrutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[  H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqqrpuJ+pvqpqoSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potqrrJ+prrrqqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqqrpuJ+pvqpqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

potqrrJ+prrrqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L< ppstouJ+ptstttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqwpwJ+poqstSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourupqJ+qtrsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppstouJ+ptsttt

SI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pqqrpuJ+pvqpqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxqwpwJ+poqstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;

Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<potqrrJ+prrrqqt SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqorv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqouoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?146


pxP[JtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qs3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pp.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUqvX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTqoX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqsX[z[L.W[QpxP[ȢqrU[7j[T qt\X@S]Â&#x201E;;[9^T[Ć&#x2020;Q]LbĹ [¢WO

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxqxpsJ+pottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoovpt pp 

potrqwJ+prrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[\Oj[L<oxptpqJ+xqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<owpvruJ+rvtuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovostqJ+squoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qrquv t sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvpqÄĄovpospÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoqqtÄĄporvrw

O^Ktuvpw pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtprwÄĄoxpxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorprpwÄĄortvqw

ǜžtprqoss pr qMJ

otqtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoqqtÄĄowtspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;opstttq q pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopwpsÄĄppttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxowttÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtrp(

\Oj[L<ovostqJ+squoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqurt pq (

I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG;S\Oj[L<oxqxpsJ+pottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[

Â&#x201E;OT]spvsow pp qMJ

I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<oospqxJ+swsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H

QĂžTspwssto pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppqtpÄĄoqtuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrxsxÄĄouqrpv

Ç?Çłppxsqrp qu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposwpwÄĄpprqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqwÄĄ

U\Lqorwqv t rMJ

ovtprwÄĄowrtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsppsÄĄpopwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^upstttq pt rMJ

porpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<potrqpJ+prrtqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxptosJ+xqwroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxqxouJ+posstS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq qsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potrqpJ+prrtqqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oxptosJ+xqwroSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

potrqpJ+prrtqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<oxptosJ+xqwroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxptosJ+ xqwroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqxouJ+posstSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ovosstJ+sqsqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxqxouJ+posstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<potrqpJ+prrtqqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovosstJ+sqsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxptosJ+xqwroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqoqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqousuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?147


qoP[JtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qt3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pq.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUqwX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTqpX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqtX[z[L.W[QqoP[ȢqsU[7j[T qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqupvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovotspJ+stqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpostqu pq 

\Oj[L<oxpuoqJ+xrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L<ovrtprJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ottqpuJ+rpproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<osrwqv

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpvsrsq u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsttvÄĄoppqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ktvsws pq sMJ

oqqxpvÄĄortvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupxpxÄĄovpotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtpsrso pr qMJ

orowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqvsoÄĄovosrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosstso

S[Č&#x2030;opstqsp q pMJ

ÄĄotqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqssv(

59[JU]\Oj[L<osrwqvJ+tvtttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqxtr pr (

tpvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovotspJ+stqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]spwrwpu pp qMJ

J+tvtttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HS[\H<oxrutsJ+soqrt

QĂžTspxqrw pp qMJ

owrtpuÄĄposwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpurpÄĄopstopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppxrstw qu qMJ

9^\T9S[\HouqqrpÄĄovousuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprptvÄĄ

U\Lqosptv t rMJ

ÄĄouqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqqrpÄĄovstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosorpw

Â&#x201E;9H^upstqsp pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxpupuJ+xrproSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<osrwqoJ+tvttrqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

ovrtotJ+tpvqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ

O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovottuJ+stsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L <osrwqoJ+tvttrqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspupv

pxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxpupuJ+xrproSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< ovrtotJ+tpvqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxpupuJ+xrproSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osrwqoJ+tvttrqtSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<ovrtotJ+tpvqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovottuJ+

stsoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osrwqoJ+tvttrqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovottuJ+stsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxpupuJ+xrproSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osrwqoJ+ tvttrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ovrtotJ+tpvqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpposorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovpqst

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoprpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?148


qpP[JtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qv3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pr.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUqxX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTqqX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqvX[z[L.W[QqpP[ȢqtU[7j[T qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqussO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<osrxpvJ+tvtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppqxrq pr 

\Oj[LoxsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<ovruoqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osrxpvJ+tvtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqrso v sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LQ[J[L<ourqpxJ+rqsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Ktxqvst pq sMJ

oxpxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqwovÄĄoupxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžtptsvpu pr qMJ

pqpuqsÄĄorprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrwruÄĄotropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opssxrp q pMJ

pptstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptstuÄĄoprprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsor(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<oqprqxJ+tptqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqwov

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprurt ps (

tpxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L<ottvqsJ+ppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

Â&#x201E;OT]spxruqu pp qMJ

orqttoJ+qstspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oqprqxJ+tptqpt

QĂžTsqopqt pp rMJ

M\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLoupxsqÄĄoxsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtoqsÄĄ

Ç?Çłppxqvqo qu qMJ

oppqpwÄĄoqortqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovouosÄĄovtoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lqostqq t rMJ

9^\T9S[\HorprssÄĄortwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwpsÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^upssxrp pt rMJ

oppvqqÄĄoqsoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovrttsJ+tpxqvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ottvpuJ+pppsqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U

\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovrttsJ+tpxqvtSI[+L[HO`V 99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrtts

J+tpxqvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottvpuJ+pppsqtSI[+L[Hpqs uwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrttsJ+tpxqvtS

I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottvpuJ+pppsqtSI[+L[H

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L< ovrttsJ+tpxqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqprqqJ+tptptvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqprqqJ+tptptvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrttsJ+tpxqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqprqqJ+tptptvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ottvpuJ+pppsqtSI[+L[H \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpooxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?149


qqP[JtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qw3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUroX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTqrX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqwX[z[L.W[QqqP[Ȣqu U[7j[Tqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvpqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<pptstxJ+suuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqppv ps 

<osquqtJ+tvqrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporss

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrpsqJ+qtvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpuqqqx w sMJ

S[\HovotqqÄĄoxpwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprptqÄĄoqqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktppupu pr pMJ

orsuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstovÄĄoqqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžtpvorq pr rMJ

9[TS[\HporoswÄĄpptsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrpv(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<ottwpqJ+ppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsssq pt (

J+pwtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<pptstxJ+suuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]sqorsrw pp rMJ

\JLotqwrtÄĄovpprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvrqÄĄoppqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTsqorxsr pp rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsuqwÄĄotqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtstxÄĄ

Ç?Çłppxpxrt qu qMJ

orovtpÄĄosssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovotovÄĄowspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqoswrx t rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;opssuqo q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upssuqo pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ottwouJ+pprsvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<osqupwJ+tvqrpoSI[+L[H

99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[ @Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<poswtxJ+prpxtqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^S JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ottwouJ+pprsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[\Oj[L<poswtxJ+

prpxtqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtv xpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottwouJ+pprsvtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqq

qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osqupwJ+tvqrpoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottwouJ+pprsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<osqupwJ+tvqrpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pptstpJ+

sutsoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ottwouJ+pprsvtSI[+L[H

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<pptstpJ+sutsoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovosts

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpootqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?150


qrP[JtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qx3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pt.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUrpX[7LtrP[SH]j\W\PTqsX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqxX[z[L.W[QqrP[ȢqvU[7j[T qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxsvpuJ+sostrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqpqr

orovpwJ+tssrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<posxts

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<owswpsJ+wputqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9soruru po pMJ

porvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopppsqÄĄoqtsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstttÄĄ

O^Ktpqsrrr pr pMJ

pprprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstoxÄĄorpspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžtpwprsw pr rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovotqtÄĄowspswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprotwÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqrp(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<osqvprJ+tvqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L<

pt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortost pu (

J+prqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LS[\H<oxsvpuJ+sostrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqprqtq pp rMJ

pqrwpuJ+pvtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLoworptÄĄ

QĂžTsqppwq pp rMJ

otqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqoowÄĄovosrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpwoxÄĄ

Ç?Çłppxppst qu qMJ

opppsqÄĄoqorouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpuoxÄĄopoorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqotptp t rMJ

orovqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsrrtÄĄoxovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opssrx q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upssrx pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orovppJ+tssptSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<posxsuJ+prqptoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orovppJ+tssptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orovppJ+tssptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxsvoxJ+sostpvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<posxsuJ+prqptoS

I[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxsvoxJ+sostpvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orovppJ+tssptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovootw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoopquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppsuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?151


qsP[JtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ro3\Vb9UQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pu.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUpP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTqtX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHroX[z[L.W[QqsP[ȢqwU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovtssoJ+ruqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqwqv

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<owsxopJ+wpwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rtwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<oxttrvJ+pptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spssqsv pp pMJ

otqxqxÄĄovpqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsuotÄĄppqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktpspxqw pr qMJ

opstppÄĄotqwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoqsqÄĄorstqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžtpxqvr pr rMJ

pqqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposutoÄĄpprpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;opsrxtw q pMJ

9[TS[\HoqsottÄĄososrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpss(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oqosqsJ+tpqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

pu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostpov pv (

Q[J[L<ovtssoJ+ruqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ovotqpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sqqrpw pp rMJ

I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<ovqvpxJ+strqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsqptuqo pp rMJ

orstqpÄĄotqvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovortsÄĄoxpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppxrsx qu qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxpvsoÄĄposutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwssÄĄ

U\Lqotstu t rMJ

pptsqsÄĄoprorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsptuÄĄpopwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^upsrxtw pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oqosrwJ+tpqustSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owswttJ+wpwrtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqosrwJ+tpqustSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovtsrrJ+ruqsoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqosrwJ+tpqustSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

oqosrwJ+tpqustSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovtsrrJ+ruqsoS

I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<owswttJ+wpwrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovtsrrJ+ruqsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqosrwJ+tpqustSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opotqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotpvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Loutvop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppsqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osorsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?152


qtP[JtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pv.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUqP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTquX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpT[+OL.W[QqtP[ȢqxU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ouqqptJ+rqposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrwtt

XĆ&#x161;[9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ovotswJ+rtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<ovqvsuJ+stsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqwrwx pq pMJ

orpsrsQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqxtuÄĄovpqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvqpÄĄ

O^Ktpttrtv pr qMJ

oxpvpoÄĄpooptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorouqoÄĄossqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtqosopw pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqotv(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<opqqqqJ+sxrxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

pv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotsrtt pw (

ouqqptJ+rqposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otssqvJ+ortpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqrqxqv pp sMJ

\Oj[L<otpussJ+txqtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoorqÄĄ

QĂžTsqqrsrx pp rMJ

oppporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuovÄĄporvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłppwttsx qu qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLossqqtÄĄoupwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrrqÄĄoppvpv

U\Lqotvtt t rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;opsrusv q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upsrusv pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ouqqowJ+rqporoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<opqqruJ+sxsortSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<

ouqqowJ+rqporoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opqqruJ+sxsortSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt

pvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouqqowJ+rqporoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opqqruJ+sxsortSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouqqowJ+rqporoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opqqruJ+sxsortSI[+L[H M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouqqowJ+rqporoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovouoqJ+sopt SI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L< ouqqowJ+rqporoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<opqqruJ+sxsortSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoupxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpossqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opopqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotprsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Loutrot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?153


quP[JtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pw.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUrP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTqvX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqT[+OL.W[QquP[ȢpU[7j[Tqt \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[S0J0Ç&#x161;T\NHS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxoqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<otprpqJ+qxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osswsw

O[TO\Oj[L<otssrpJ+ortqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otprpq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<otpvpoJ+txqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpqqoqq pr pMJ

ovpqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoworsxÄĄporvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppossÄĄ

O^Ktpvqutr pr rMJ

oxpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpsstÄĄortxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžtqptrrr pr sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoworsxÄĄowtstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsvoxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;opsrrrv q pMJ

popwouÄĄpptsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxotqxÄĄpoqxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqoow(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<opotoxJ+swtttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

pw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqxqo px (

J+qxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osswssJ+twpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqsqvsv pp sMJ

orqurxJ+tssxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotroqqÄĄ

QĂžTsqrpqtw pp rMJ

oqtroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrtqoÄĄoupvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsvoxÄĄ

Ç?Çłppwsvss qu qMJ

posuppÄĄpprotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortxrpÄĄotqxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqposw t rMJ

owrpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqppÄĄpopwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^upsrrrv pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<opotoqJ+swttrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< opotoqJ+swttrtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otprquJ+qxpvsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opotoqJ+swttrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otprquJ+qxpvsoSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otprquJ+qxpvsoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[

Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otsssuJ+ortuoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT

/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otprquJ+qxpvsoS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opotoqJ+swttrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouptrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotoxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?154


qvP[JtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;rMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]px.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUsP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTqwX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHrT[+OL.W[QqvP[Ȣq\ĆľT9Jqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<osrptqJ+qvrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otttro

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ossxpoJ+twptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<osrptqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<optxruJ+tppotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqtsvsu ps pMJ

pqptrrÄĄopstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrootÄĄortxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktpwtwx pr rMJ

ovoprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxrqÄĄorotpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžtqrusw pr sMJ

oupusuÄĄovsotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosotqrÄĄotqxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxpx(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<opptspJ+sxqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

px O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovowtr qo (

qvrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osqqpoJ+tvvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]sqtqupo pp sMJ

oxsuowÄĄoppoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrppxÄĄposttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTsqrtppw pp sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouqptqÄĄovpqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupusuÄĄ

Ç?Çłppwrxrt qu qMJ

otroswÄĄovourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosspoqÄĄoupusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lqprrs t rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;opsroqu q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upsroqu pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<osrpstJ+qvrqqqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<opptrrJ+sxqostSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osrpstJ+

qvrqqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opptrrJ+sxqostSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osrpstJ+qvrqqqtS I[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L< osrpstJ+qvrqqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opptrrJ+sxqostSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouppsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LototttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoustprÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxstsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?155


qwP[JtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;sMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qo.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUtP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTqxX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHsT[+OL.W[QqwP[Ȣr\ĆľT9Jqt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];bLU>H^I­]\W\Ä­\OL[bj9M_@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osqoosJ+qvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loutwqo qp 

O\G@\Oj[L<osqqpsJ+tvvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<osqoosJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ootupxJ+swrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uwtxrp pt pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrpptÄĄouqqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppooqÄĄoqopop

O^Ktqoqvrw pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrrtvÄĄotqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorptovÄĄ

ǜžtqsqor ps pMJ

pptrrsÄĄopqxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvpoÄĄoqspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwqx(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<opttsqJ+tppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovssqr qp (

qvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<osquppJ+tvpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]squqsrs pp sMJ

ouqqprÄĄoxsuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovstsuÄĄoxptrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTsqsqxrw pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovootoÄĄovstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptqrÄĄorptov

Ç?Çłppwrpqq qu qMJ

osooorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvtxÄĄpptrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqpupr t rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;opsqvpt q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upsqvpt pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<optttvJ+tppstSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<optttvJ+tppstSI[+L[Hqsuw xppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osqopwJ+qvqrvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<optttvJ+

tppstSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqopwJ+qvqrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<osqopwJ+qvqrvtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<optttvJ+ tppstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ororsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owporpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxspsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?156


qxP[JtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;tMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qp.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUuP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTroX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHtT[+OL.W[QqxP[Ȣs\ĆľT9Jqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotroqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<osrxtuJ+qvtpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loutwqo qp 

9SGOO\Oj[L<osqtttJ+tvpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<osrxtu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<oopvroJ+sutsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqpttrp pu pMJ

opoxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoooqÄĄoxptovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpproppÄĄ

O^Ktqpttps pr sMJ

oqtpqwÄĄorsqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstptÄĄoqropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžtqtrrpv ps pMJ

owsqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqwpuÄĄpptqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvrw(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<orousrJ+trtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovssqr qp (

J+qvtpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otoprqJ+twssrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sqvqrp pq pMJ

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrpspÄĄovprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvopÄĄ

QĂžTsqtvtw pp sMJ

oqropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsqqpÄĄotqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppwqrt qu qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorosppÄĄosrxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovovouÄĄ

U\Lqpwsu t rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;opsqss q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upsqss pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oopvqrJ+sutsptSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orourtJ+trtvptSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<oopvqrJ+sutsptSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9

Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orourt

J+trtvptSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osrxsxJ+qvtpqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orourtJ+trtvptSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orourtJ+trtvptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<osrxsxJ+qvtpqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Q[J[L<osrxsxJ+qvtpqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orourtJ+trtvptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouortpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqstssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?157


roP[JtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;uMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qq.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUvP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTrpX[7LtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHuT[+OL.W[QroP[Ȣt\ĆľT9Jqt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]OTbJOJ[1S@bĹ&#x2030;[¢WO

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotroswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<otroqtJ+qxtutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtvsw qq 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otootrJ+twsquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otroqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oooqotJ+supstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vsrurt pv pMJ

orspsrÄĄotqrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupsovÄĄoutxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktqrqosu ps pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxpxÄĄoqooovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpssvÄĄ

ǜžtqusuro ps qMJ

opqwqqÄĄororrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrwrxÄĄoxorppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupusu(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ossuroJ+twuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howpvru qq (

J+qxtutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ouousuJ+pqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]sqwqprp pq pMJ

\JLowosrpÄĄporuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxpxÄĄoqtottÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTsqtsupx pp sMJ

oxpsqvÄĄppqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsstvÄĄorptovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppwpssu qu qMJ

pqtxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovovqqÄĄowsqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqppppq t rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;opsqotr q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upsqotr pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ossuqrJ+twtsqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ossuqrJ+

twtsqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< ossuqrJ+twtsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otropvJ+

qxturoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otropvJ+qxturoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Q[J[L<otropvJ+ qxturoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossuqrJ+twtsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqspswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?158


rpP[JtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSp.\LjL>[ŃvMijL[PQ[X[tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qr.;ƆusuO[+T[bJUwP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTpP[Jtuw…QcHvT[+OL.W[QrpP[Ȣu\ƵT9Jqt \X@S]Ø]Ø]\OLj9Q­[M^@[Ø]T\TH[WŌQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ Q[J[L<ouswtwJ+rrpqpo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowtstx qr 

<outpovJ+rpuqvt„Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG;S\Oj[L<ououovJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovrvtuJ+tprro„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;Ñ]\H\Oj[L<ooovpr

„@[T[9vpvspu pw pMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoxsuouġppqvrp„Mj[-X[ġorspotġotqqro

O^Ktqsssw ps pMJ

„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoptxrxġorspot„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxprttġ

Ƕ¾tqvtxss ps qMJ

possptġppqxqu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqtrġopqvtw„Mj[(

S[ȉopspvsr q pMJ

osouov„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptts(

-ƆQ]LíÊ-L^S[K[\Oj[L<osstroJ+twrro„Mj[I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtoos qr (

pqtqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouswtwJ+rrpqpo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ

„OT]sqxqoq pq pMJ

J+suqusqt„Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ɛ[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotrqrqġovprtv

QþTsquqsso pp sMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtwqsġoxprtt„Mj[-X[ġopsstvġotrosw

Ǐdzppwuqr qu qMJ

posspt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvrpġpqpwps„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lqpprrq t rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsqsqġpopvsv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqspqtġ

„9H^upspvsr pt rMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<outpqpJ+rpvqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<outpqpJ+rpvqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9

S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<outpqpJ+

rpvqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ouswtpJ+rrpptqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

outpqpJ+rpvqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L

XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouswtpJ+rrpptqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ouswtpJ+rrpptqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[ XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ououooJ+pqsstSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouswtpJ+

rrpptqtSI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outpqpJ+rpvqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lottttx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowovtt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpoqosx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqrvtr„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[oqtqoq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lostopo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Louqxrp„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovtwsq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxrooo„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hppptop„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppxru„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrupq„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď159


p.\LjLtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSq.\LjL>[ŃwMijL[PQ[X[tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qs.;ƆusuO[+T[bJUxP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTqP[Jtuw…QcHwT[+OL.W[Qp.\XȤv\ƵT9Jqt \X@S] W[+¾[\ļX\QH/rpP[JtrQ[\S usuwqr /LW[/LW[ J+sotxqqt <qpttSWQj  Ø]Ø]S[K[ƆQ]Ø]Q\HS[K[S[L]S@SQ\JL „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ „Wń[<owrorqJ+rvqsuo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxtotx qs 

oxptpqJ+xptrvt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<ovrutsJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxqwrpJ+xswtt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;.j^Ɛ[L\Oj[L<

„@[T[9vqxqoto pw sMJ

ovpspq„Mj[-X[ġoptxppġorsoqu„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtvrsġ

O^Ktqutpo ps pMJ

otrppt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuosġporusq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ƕ¾tqxpqtv ps qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrvqrġoupqpw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptpsuġoppurx

O^SH/Q[J[Louptop(

LOQ]LíÊ„@½Ɗ[\Oj[L<outoovJ+rprtvt„Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxqrpo qs (

tpott„Mj[I[+L[HOO„Wń[<owrorqJ+rvqsuo„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

„OT]topwrt pq qMJ

ooqwtrJ+svpxto„Mj[I[+L[H„WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotrqtvġ

QþTsqvrp pq pMJ

oxtwrv„Mj[-X[ġpqpsqsġorptqv„Mj[-X[ġosoosrġ

Ǐdzppvtvtx qu qMJ

oxprqpġoxtwrv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqqwġosrvqr„Mj[(

U\Lqpptst t rMJ

„Mj[(

S[ȉopspsrq q pMJ

„9H^upspsrq pt rMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<outoqoJ+rpsroSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<oxptosJ+xptpvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

í\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9

„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<outoqoJ+rpsroSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<outoqoJ+rpsroSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<

oxptosJ+xptpvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

outoqoJ+rpsroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L

XO[„L/„Wń[<owrosvJ+rvqtrvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L< oxptosJ+xptpvtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/„Wń[<owrosvJ+rvqtrvtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outoqoJ+rpsroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owrosvJ+rvqtrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxptosJ+xptpvtSI[+L[HXO[ ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lottqor„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowortx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpoputr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqrrtv„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[oqswou„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lossupt„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Louqtrt„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovtssu„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxquos„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hppppot„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opptrx„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqpt„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď160


q.\LjLtrQ[\S/bS/tu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSr.\LjL>[ŃxMijL[PQ[X[tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qt.;ƆusuO[+T[bJUpoP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTrP[Jtuw…QcHxT[+OL.W[Qq.\XȤw\ƵT9Jqt \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ S[\H<poqwpxJ+sqpwqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lposuss qt 

O[TO\Oj[L<oxqvqxJ+xsuqo„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOS[\H<poqwpxJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrqrġouqrtt„Mj[-X[ġ

„@[T[9wppqxv px sMJ

osropxġouppqr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtussġoxtwox„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Ktqvqrsp ps qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowostxġowttrp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovsqotġ

Ƕ¾uoqux ps rMJ

popvrwġpptqqr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxopqvġpoquro„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsov(

JUQ]LíÊQ_T[\Oj[L<oxpspoJ+xprqt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtwpo qt (

sqpwqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;„WgP[;½\Oj[L<opoppxJ+swrxto

„OT]tppvpp pq qMJ

ovpsqvġoxsuor„Mj[-X[ġpqpvrxġorrxsv„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTsqvspqr pq pMJ

pqpspqġorptrv„Mj[-X[ġosootwġotrpsp„Mj[(

Ǐdzppvsxrq qu qMJ

owqvqu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqtrġpopvrw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lqppvtp t rMJ

S[ȉopsppqp q pMJ

„9H^upsppqp pt rMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<oxpsoqJ+xpqsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<

oxpsoqJ+xpqsqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxpsoqJ+xpqsqtSI[+L[H\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

S[\H<poqwpqJ+sqpwvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ \OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poqwpqJ+sqpwvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxpsoqJ+

xpqsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H< poqwpqJ+sqpwvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lotswov„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowoooq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpopqtu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqrooo„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[oqssox„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lossqqo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Louqprx„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovtotp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxqqow„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hppovox„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opppsr„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqwqo„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď161


r.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;poMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUppP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTsP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpoT[+OL.W[Qr.\XȤx\ĆľT9Jqt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oorqruJ+svquuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsqsp qu 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ppqxrtJ+pstoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

toposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrswÄĄouqsps

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqrrqqo qo sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqxrsÄĄoupoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtxqvÄĄoqroqo

O^Ktqwrxrq ps qMJ

ouqspsÄĄovpsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupoqvÄĄoutttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžuprxqq ps rMJ

ovowqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrttqÄĄoupoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupoqvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louprpr(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<ppsxopJ+ptrxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporupr qu (

oorqruJ+svquuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<oprwovJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tqptsx pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpsspÄĄoxsuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvqpÄĄorrxov

QĂžTsqwpxst pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqroqoÄĄorptsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppvsps qu qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqusqÄĄoroppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrrswÄĄ

U\Lqppxto t rMJ

ovrtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoutsÄĄotrqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;opswpo q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upswpo pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ppswttJ+ptrwtoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oorqqwJ+svqusoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oorqqwJ+

svqusoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprs uvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppswttJ+ptrwtoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppswttJ+ptrwtoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppswttJ+ptrwtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< oorqqwJ+svqusoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppqxqvJ+pstopoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ppswttJ+ptrwtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oorqqwJ+svqusoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpooxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqquosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpporprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?162


s.\LjLtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSt.\LjL>[ŃppMijL[PQ[X[tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qv.;ƆusuO[+T[bJUpqP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTtP[Jtuw…QcHppT[+OL.W[Qs.\XȤpo\ƵT9Jqt \X@S]Ø]M[cLj9­[JU]M\SO\H­L]59[JU]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqtvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ \Oj[L<oqrrruJ+tqqwqvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrwst qv 

I[+L[HØOG[9SGO\G@„O\LSMS<oprrqxJ+pxtxpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

oqpqqqJ+tprtqqt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLouqsrsġ

„@[T[9xtrrtv qp rMJ

oxtvpp„Mj[-X[ġpqprsvġopsstp„Mj[-X[ġoqroqsġ

O^Ktqxtqrp ps qMJ

osqwswġotpxox„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horpttuġosopqw„Mj[(

Ƕ¾uqtqrr ps rMJ

opqupu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoppuqsġoqspsv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqpw(

I[+L[Hǚz[JU]LíÊ1ġS[V[i[„O\LSMS<oqqtqoJ+qqwto„Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppwpt qv (

\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oqrrruJ+tqqwqvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;-\H;Ě\Oj[L<

„OT]trpsro pq qMJ

owttrv„Mj[-X[ġpqpvoqġorrwqv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howquovġ

QþTsqwtww pq pMJ

otrqrq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosqwswġotpxox„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzppvrqrs qu qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopvqvġpptptp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptptpġ

U\Lqpqpsr t rMJ S[ȉopsstx q pMJ

„9H^upsstx pt rMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „:h/;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<oqqtpqJ+qqwroSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS< oqqtpqJ+qqwroSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqqtpqJ+qqwroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS

\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqrrqwJ+tqqwvtS

I[+L[HǏdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<oqqtpqJ+qqwroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqrrqwJ+ tqqwvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqrrqwJ+tqqwvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(

„O\LSMS<oprrqpJ+pxtwtqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oqqtpqJ+qqwroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqrrqwJ+

tqqwvtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lotsopt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovtqpp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpootou„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqqqpo„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[oqrupw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Losrsqw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Louprsu„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovsqtx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxpspv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpotxpv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oportr„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqoqx„Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\ď163


t.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pqMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qw.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUprP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTuP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpqT[+OL.W[Qt.\XȤpp \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]O[QL@jÄź]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osqqooJ+tutwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprspq qw 

Ă&#x2DC;OG[Q[J[L<ostrspJ+qwpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<oqrurrJ+tqrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpvrvrr qq rMJ

ppquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqtquÄĄppqvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroqvÄĄ

O^Kupqqv ps rMJ

opsssxÄĄoqroqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorooosÄĄosrspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžustss ps sMJ

pptostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louppqr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrsrv\Oj[LoxsttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqosss qw (

orqxqvJ+qsswtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<osqqooJ+tutwqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]tsprpq pq rMJ

K`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrsrvÄĄovptoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowttsoÄĄ

QĂžTsqxrurp pq pMJ

orpuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsvroÄĄorrvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłppvqss qu qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLovowtqÄĄowsrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqtpqÄĄ

U\Lqpqrqx t rMJ S[Č&#x2030;opspsx q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^upspsx pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ostrrtJ+qwpwqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ostrrtJ+qwpwqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[

1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L< ostrrtJ+qwpwqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osqqptJ+tutxtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[

1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osqqptJ+tutxtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osqqptJ+tutxtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxqoJ+qssvsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ostrrtJ+ qwpwqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osqqptJ+tutxtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotrupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovswpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpooppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouoxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpottqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H pqtxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?164


u.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;prMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qx.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUpsP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTvP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHprT[+OL.W[Qu.\XȤpq \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osqotxJ+tuttttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvto qx 

ottoptJ+orwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L<ovotro

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tuttttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otowroJ+qwtssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqxsurt qr qMJ

oqstrtJ+tqtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtoqÄĄ

O^Kuqxv ps rMJ

oxpoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtuppÄĄpqprqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsssvÄĄ

ǜžutpwtt ps sMJ

ouovruÄĄowqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoursÄĄoptustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oprtwrw q pMJ

owsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtqrÄĄoqtxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoqv(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrtoq\Oj[LoxsttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqttrp qx (

J+rrsvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osqotxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ttpptv pq rMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ottoptJ+orwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<

QĂžTtopsts pq qMJ

ouqtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptqqÄĄppqupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqsstÄĄ

Ç?Çłppvptrs qu qMJ

orpuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvrxÄĄotrrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Lqpqtw t rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqprqpÄĄpqtxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoxouÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^uprtwrw pt rMJ

ovrrpxÄĄowtxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otowssJ+qwttpvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovotqrJ+rrsuttSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otowssJ+

qwttpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovotqrJ+rrsuttSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspu pvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<ottooxJ+orvsvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Q[J[L<otowssJ+qwttpvtSI[+L[H XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovotqrJ+

rrsuttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ottooxJ+orvsvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqpspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oqqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouotttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHS[\HoxouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orpqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?165


v.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;prMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ro.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUptP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTwP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHprT[+OL.W[Qv.\XȤpr \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<otsxprJ+ortqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorpwpu ro 

UH\PV[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrrrJ+rwpupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<outproJ+rpopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popqspt qs qMJ

otrtquÄĄouqtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptruÄĄowotspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kurpqpw ps rMJ

oxoxtqÄĄorpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqtrpÄĄovptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžuurqt ps sMJ

pqpuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposproÄĄppqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;oprttqv q pMJ

9[TS[\HoqsqooÄĄosovtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxro(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<outproJ+rpopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opsxso ro (

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otsxprJ+ortqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ouqsoxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tuposs pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<oqrsqwJ+tqqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtotrpw pq qMJ

portttÄĄopouoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqqvÄĄovrwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppvvr qu qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoptupsÄĄosquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppquooÄĄ

U\Lqpquso t rMJ

pptpoqÄĄopqstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrpsÄĄpopvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^uprttqv pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrsvJ+rwputqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owtrsvJ+rwputqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otsxovJ+ortpqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrsvJ+

rwputqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<outpqrJ+rxtqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owtrsvJ+rwputqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otsxovJ+ortpqtSI[+L[H W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<outpqrJ+rxtqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;

9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otsxovJ+ortpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrsvJ+rwputqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<outpqrJ+rxtqtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqpoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouoqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxoqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?166


w.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;psMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rp.;Ć&#x2020;usuO[+T[bJUpuP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTxP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpsT[+OL.W[Qw.\XȤps \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsrvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<outotpJ+rwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lososrt rp 

S[\H<poprtqJ+sprutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovqqtqJ+sqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqsrrqo qt qMJ

ovptsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopttsrÄĄorrtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutprsÄĄ

O^Kusppsu ps sMJ

otrsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstsvÄĄportsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžuvstpt pt pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrptuÄĄouotrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsxtuÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louowrr(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<ovqqtqJ+sqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqstsu rp (

outotpJ+rwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovppooJ+rrtwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tvxrr pq sMJ

<oqoopxJ+tpppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrttpÄĄ

QĂžTtprpsq pq qMJ

oxttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqtrÄĄorpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoqqsÄĄ

Ç?Çłpputwrr qu qMJ

oxoxpuÄĄoxttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqtwpqÄĄosrptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqpqwt t rMJ

oppuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oprtqpu q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uprtqpu pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovpotrJ+rrtwrvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS

JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[S[\H<popsowJ+sprustSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X

9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovpotrJ+rrtwrvtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqqstJ+sqvptS

I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<popsowJ+sprustSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< outposJ+rxtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<popsowJ+

sprustSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqqstJ+sqvptS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<popsowJ+sprustS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<outposJ+rxtSI[+L[H Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovqqstJ+sqvptSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

outposJ+rxtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<popsowJ+sprustSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqqstJ+sqvptSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqouqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqvpt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqswowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?167


x.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;ptMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUpvP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTpoP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHptT[+OL.W[Qx.\XȤpt\ĆľT9Jqt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]QÄ°[;OH@jÄź]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtoqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovqqrrJ+squstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lossuqx p 

S[\H<pportwJ+srsopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovqrpvJ+sqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppvpttw qu qMJ

otruptÄĄouquoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpuoqÄĄoxstssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kutvpv ps sMJ

outosoÄĄoxtssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqrxÄĄorpurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžuwtwqs pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrusoÄĄowqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsrqpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;oprsxt q pMJ

owtvpoÄĄpoqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovru(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<ovqrpvJ+sqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsqqs p (

ovqqrrJ+squstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovqutqJ+rsrvrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]twwqt pq sMJ

O`\Ä­\Oj[L<opopsoJ+swrrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtqpov pq qMJ

pqptqtÄĄorrtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqstrÄĄouosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpputor qu qMJ

osoqrwÄĄotrsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowottuÄĄowttto

U\Lqpqxqr t rMJ

poputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoputtÄĄpptoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^uprsxt pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<pportpJ+srrxuoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqqquJ+squqvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pportpJ+srrxuo SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqqquJ+squqvtSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pportpJ+srrxuoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L <ovqrpoJ+sqvpvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovqrpoJ+sqvpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovqqquJ+squqvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqrpoJ+sqvpvtS I[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqqquJ+squqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<pportpJ+srrxuoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovqrpoJ+sqvpvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[ @^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqoqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqrqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqsspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?168


po.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;puMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUpwP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTppP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpuT[+OL.W[Qpo.\XȤpu\ĆľT9J qt\X@S]MjT[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;X\QT \MH`MĂ­  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovqqtvJ+squstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqsqq q 

<ppqrswJ+ssqwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<outqssJ+rpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqoprsp qv qMJ

ouquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpuptÄĄoxstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptosÄĄ

O^Kuttwru ps sMJ

oqrosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrosoÄĄorpusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžupopprq pt qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqrrrÄĄoqtutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrurxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;oprsttt q pMJ

ovroovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosowrvÄĄotrtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louourw(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<outqssJ+rpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]S[\H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrwrw q (

ovqqtvJ+squstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovppswJ+rrtwtqt

Â&#x201E;OT]txvpx pq sMJ

S[\H<pprwttJ+stusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrurxÄĄ

QĂžTtqswrq pq qMJ

orrspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqsotÄĄouorsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtwroÄĄ

Ç?Çłppusprt qu qMJ

\JLouquqvÄĄovpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouorsqÄĄousxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqprors t rMJ

ovpooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosropxÄĄouorsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouorsqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^uprsttt pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<ppqrspJ+ssqwrtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<pprxoxJ+stvptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L 9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqrprJ+sqvqtSI[+L[HO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ S[\H<pprxoxJ+stvptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­C

H^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppqrspJ+ssqwrtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppqrspJ+ssqwrtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ovqrprJ+sqvqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqrprJ+sqvqtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outqtwJ+rposvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovqrprJ+sqvqtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9 L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<ppqrspJ+ssqwrtSI[+L[HM^S[

@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

S[\H<pprxoxJ+stvptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<outqtwJ+rposvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovpxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HportsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqsopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?169


pp.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUpxP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTpqP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpvT[+OL.W[Qpp.\XȤpv \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrttpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<outrovJ+rpppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottxoq r 

<pppstpJ+sstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG;S\Oj[L<outrovJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ottsouJ+osqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9orqvpo p qMJ

owtttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsssÄĄorrrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqpptÄĄ

O^Kuustqv pt pMJ

otrtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosqrpvÄĄotpqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžuppqsso pt qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopusoÄĄppsxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxtrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louotrx(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ottsouJ+osqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]S[\H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrspq r (

rpppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouqvprJ+rquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]tpoupt pr pMJ

oxtrovJ+sosppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLouqusuÄĄ

QĂžTtrqutw pq rMJ

oxtrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqpoÄĄopssrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrosrÄĄ

Ç?Çłppurrx qu pMJ

osqrpvÄĄotpqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorputsÄĄosorosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqprprw t rMJ

opqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopptsoÄĄoqsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oprsqss q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uprsqss pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<ppptotJ+ssutSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppptotJ+

ssutSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppptot

J+ssutSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outrooJ+rpotqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outrooJ+

rpotqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottsqoJ+osrpqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<outrooJ+ rpotqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<ppptotJ+ssutSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottsqoJ+osrpqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqowsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosoutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovptqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqruqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?170


pq.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pwMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUqoP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTprP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpwT[+OL.W[Qpq.\XȤpw \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ottsroJ+osrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lourprs s 

<posoqoJ+sqrwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ottsro

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TO\Oj[L<osroruJ+tvpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oputupu q qMJ

ovpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowttttÄĄppqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqorqÄĄ

O^Kuvqvrt pt pMJ

oqsrpsÄĄorrqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssqwÄĄoqrossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžupqrvsu pt qMJ

owsrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqqooÄĄppswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louossp(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<osroruJ+tvpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]S[\H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louqxqr t (

J+osrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otptruJ+qxuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tpptps pr pMJ

<ovsuotJ+rtqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvqvÄĄ

QĂžTtstqs pq rMJ

ppqtrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrossÄĄorpvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppuqsss qu pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoqttrwÄĄosqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpoqxÄĄ

U\Lqprqru t rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;oprrxrr q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uprrxrr pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<posorsJ+sqrwsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<osroroJ+tvpqrvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osroro J+tvpqrvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<posorsJ+sqrwsvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<posorsJ+

sqrwsvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<posorsJ+ sqrwsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottsssJ+osspqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<osroroJ+tvpqrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottsssJ+osspqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osroroJ+tvpqrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosoropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovpprq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otostpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?171


pr.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qoMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUqpP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTpsP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqoT[+OL.W[Qpr.\XȤpx \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrurxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<osrpqqJ+tvpssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovorox t 

oxsrtoJ+sopttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osrpqq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oqsttsJ+tqtovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9posop r qMJ

ouqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovputsÄĄppqsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpxsxÄĄ

O^Kuwsss pt pMJ

orpvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxtrÄĄotruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžuprtotq pt rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqppsoÄĄpqtwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovposrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;oprruqq q pMJ

ovqvrxÄĄowtsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorsq(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<oqsttsJ+tqtovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqstu u (

J+tvpssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsotwJ+qtwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tpqspt pr pMJ

Q[J[L<otqospJ+qxpwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvtpÄĄ

QĂžTtssrtp pq rMJ

oxouppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtqrrÄĄpqppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssqsÄĄ

Ç?Çłppupuqq qu pMJ

ouoosqÄĄowpxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoporrsÄĄoptrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqprrqu t rMJ

owsrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqqowÄĄoqtstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^uprruqq pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxsrsrJ+soptsoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsotoJ+qtwqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxsrsrJ+ soptsoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxsrsrJ+soptsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqstsuJ+ tqsxsvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsotoJ+qtwqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxsrsrJ+soptsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqstsuJ+tqsxsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovovru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?172


ps.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qpMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUqqP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTptP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqpT[+OL.W[Qps.\XȤqo \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oosspsJ+svsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrtor u 

J+rvwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvpsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsooxJ+qqrtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppsrusp s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporstoÄĄoporovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousupoÄĄovrqrv

O^Kuwrurw pt pMJ

ovpvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoptqrrÄĄosqotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžuptrtw pt rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppswtwÄĄopqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrrvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqsq(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxqq

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowqpsx v (

qoqrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oosspsJ+svsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tprrpw pr pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwptÄĄouqvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpvovÄĄowourr

QĂžTttqqpw pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxotrrÄĄorpvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqvspÄĄ

Ç?Çłppuwq qu pMJ

ppqspuÄĄpqprspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HporwqxÄĄppqstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqprsx t rMJ

popupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsqqtÄĄosoxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oprrrpp q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uprrrpp pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxruJ+rvxqqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pprvtsJ+pstxvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvqxJ+qoqstS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprvtsJ+pstxvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxruJ+rvxqqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxruJ+rvxqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

oossovJ+svsssoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oossovJ+svsssoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvqxJ+qoqstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxruJ+rvxqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oossovJ+svsssoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ optutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orttowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovorsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?173


pt.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qqMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUqrP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTpuP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqqT[+OL.W[Qpt.\XȤqp \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<poroqpJ+sqpoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howowso v 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pprxowJ+ptqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<poroqp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ppswowJ+ptqssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqwsrtq t qMJ

ovpvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptqopÄĄorrospÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoustptÄĄ

O^Kuxrr pt pMJ

otrvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstqoÄĄporssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžupupvq pt rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosquppÄĄottwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvtqÄĄopptpo

O^SH/Q[J[Louopsq(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<ovopttJ+rrqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqpor w (

J+sqpoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxpxqvJ+xpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]tpsqqr pr qMJ

owsuqoJ+vsxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwrxÄĄ

QĂžTtuosu pq rMJ

oxtpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppoxÄĄorpvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosortuÄĄ

Ç?Çłppttxst qu pMJ

oxosttÄĄoxtpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqtrspÄĄosquppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqprsst t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oprrop q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uprrop pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pprxooJ+ptptqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovopswJ+rrqwtqtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprxooJ+

ptptqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovopswJ+rrqwtqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovopswJ+rrqwtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<poropsJ+sqxtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[ 8L[bL/S[\H<poropsJ+sqxtvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprxooJ+ptptqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovopswJ+rrqwtqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poropsJ+sqxtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovowtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutxst

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?174


pu.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qrMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUqsP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTpvP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqrT[+OL.W[Qpu.\XȤqq\ĆľT9J qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvtpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowrrJ+rupsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howstrs w 

O[TO\Oj[L<oxqorsJ+xpssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowrr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<owsvqvJ+vtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<otspqo

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpqtwrx u qMJ

-X[ÄĄovpvrqÄĄoxstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqtxÄĄorqxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kuxqrst pt pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpotrÄĄorpvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄososoxÄĄotrvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžupvrou pt sMJ

owpvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsrsqÄĄpopuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louoosq(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<otqttpJ+qxqvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqrqo x (

J+rupsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outttpJ+rpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]tptprp pr qMJ

J+otsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxorÄĄouqwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTturxps pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄospxppÄĄottvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoussqoÄĄoxtotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłppttprq qu pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowousvÄĄowtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrotxÄĄ

U\Lqprtps t rMJ

popuoqÄĄppswqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowtqrvÄĄpoqootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oprquto q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uprquto pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<otqtsrJ+qxqvsoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owsvqoJ+vtpsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otqtsrJ+

qxqvsoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otqtsrJ+qxqvsoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otqtsrJ+qxqvsoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;Ig

Q[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowquJ+rupsqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsvqoJ+vtpsqtSI[+L[HM^S[

Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otqtsrJ+qxqvsoSI[+L[HM^S[ Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowquJ+

rupsqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovostxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louttsx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?175


pv.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUqtP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTpwP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqsT[+OL.W[Qpv.\XȤqr\ĆľT9J qt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otsrtqJ+ropqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqvqw x 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oututwJ+rpssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<otsqotJ+ovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqvpvsr v rMJ

ÄĄouqwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpvstÄĄoxstppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqrwÄĄ

O^Kuxrwro pt pMJ

oqrotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrotqÄĄorpvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžupwsrw pt sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqopqÄĄoqtqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrxqvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;oprqrrx q pMJ

ovqspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospopqÄĄotrvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottxsq(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstswJ+qtputqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqwrt po (

otsrtqJ+ropqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osrppoJ+tvxpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpuosp pr qMJ

\Oj[L<oqrstqJ+tqpwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxqv

QĂžTtvpvsr pq sMJ

orqxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospwqqÄĄotturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtvqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłpptsrqr qu pMJ

\JLouqwruÄĄovpvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HotturxÄĄousrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqprtru t rMJ

ovppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqsroÄĄotturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HotturxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^uprqrrx pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsuorJ+qtpvroSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V

H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsptwJ+ovpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsuorJ+qtpvroSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsuorJ+qtpvroSI[+L[Hprtvxpo pqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orsuorJ+qtpvroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otsrstJ+roppstSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

otsptwJ+ovpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsuorJ+qtpvroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otsrstJ+roppstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovoposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutptr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoowpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osstpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?176


pw.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUquP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTpxP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqtT[+OL.W[Qpw.\XȤqs \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqorxJ+qsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopuoo po 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osrqpuJ+tvpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­S[\H<pprpsoJ+sssorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpprvrs w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpupoÄĄoxsxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoqqÄĄopssor

O^Kuxsvpo pt pMJ

otourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLospvrqÄĄotourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžupxtupo pt sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLppsvstÄĄoppxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppssuÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lottwsp(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovprJ+qpxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqrtqo pp (

orqorxJ+qsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqpoquJ+tppuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tputxts pr rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouqwtsÄĄowtuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqpuÄĄorqwqx

QĂžTtvtupr pq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrotrÄĄotrwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLospvrqÄĄ

Ç?Çłpptrtpw qu pMJ

orpvssÄĄososrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoptsuÄĄppsvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lqprttp t rMJ

oqsqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oprqoqw q pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uprqoqw pt rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovosJ+qpxqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovosJ+qpxqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovosJ+qpxqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqovosJ+qpxqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqorqJ+qspqsqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovosJ+qpxqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqorqJ+qspqsqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[; M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoutvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lousvtv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoospuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqowtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

px.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;quMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUqvP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTqoP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHquT[+OL.W[Qpx.\XȤqt \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]/\Ĺ S[59[JU]

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?177


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporrqJ+pwqxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppqov pp 

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporrqJ+pwqxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rvputqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotsoptÄĄovpwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqttsrw x rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqrottÄĄorpvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqrwsvÄĄ

O^Kuxsxrv pt pMJ

oqtpoqÄĄosqqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpqorÄĄowsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottvso(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<pqrsqpJ+pvpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsoss pq (

pptwqpJ+stsuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrsruJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpvtxw pr rMJ

-X[ÄĄowtuotÄĄppqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowptqtÄĄppqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtwrssq pq sMJ

orqvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrtwÄĄoqrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpptqvpw qu pMJ

9[TS[\HpopwrwÄĄppsurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžuqpxpp pu pMJ U\Lqprttx t rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;oprpvpv p sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^uprpvpv pt qMJ

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvtopvt Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqrspsJ+pvpttvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporqtJ+pwqwttSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;

H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pppposJ+prsvqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<pqrspsJ+pvpttvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporqt J+pwqwttSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqrspsJ+pvpttvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pppposJ+prsvqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqrspsJ+pvpttvtSI[+L[HK[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pppposJ+prsvqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporqtJ+pwqwttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporqtJ+pwqwttSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<potusoJ+ prppqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqrspsJ+pvpttvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporqtJ+pwqwttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potusoJ+prppqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pppposJ+prsvqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoutrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxououÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loussop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoooqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?178


qo.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUqwP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTqpP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqvT[+OL.W[Qqo.\XȤqu \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<potvpqJ+prpqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqptpp pq 

oxottwJ+wrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<pppptw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<potvpqJ+prpqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spotrp po sMJ

wrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśPQ[J[L<otsvrvJ+ropwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kuxstsu pt pMJ

ppqqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpsspÄĄoxopsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxswstÄĄ

ǜžuqqqqpo pu pMJ

otrxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HottrruÄĄowpsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

S[Č&#x2030;oprpsv p sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovpqpuÄĄowsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoppwssÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lotturx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotsorx\Oj[LoxsstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqspqw pr (

J+prsxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<poospuJ+potxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tpwtwqt pr rMJ

;SS[\H<oxtxptJ+sosvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxottwJ+

QĂžTtxprpr pq sMJ

I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotsorxÄĄouqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłpptpxqq qu pMJ

pqoxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrtsÄĄorpvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostqopÄĄ

U\Lqprttx t rMJ

\JLopooqtÄĄopsxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxtoÄĄpqtutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^uprpsv pt qMJ

oqtoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovqpsvÄĄowsxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvsxpvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pppptoJ+prswtvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<poospoJ+potwsvtSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

potvquJ+prpqtvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pppptoJ+prswtvtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprpt pvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poospoJ+potwsvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pppptoJ+prswtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<potvquJ+prpqtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poospoJ+potwsvtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<potvquJ+prpqtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxottp J+wrrSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<potvquJ+prpqtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pppptoJ+prswtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxottpJ+wrrSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<poospoJ+potwsvtSI[+L[H 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LousxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpppxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oprrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LousootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owppqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?179


qp.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\S/LW[/LW[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUqxP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTqqP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqwT[+OL.W[Qqp.\XȤqv \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxtpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oxousrJ+wrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqqso

\Oj[L<pootoqJ+ppotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oxpvpoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpwowJ+rurrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqsvt pp sMJ

J+qrtrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotsporÄĄouqxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kuxrtrx pt pMJ

O[bS[S[\HourxsqÄĄovqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxoposÄĄorpwos

ǜžuqrrtx pu qMJ

osptoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqquÄĄpqpppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;oprpotu p sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsrtuÄĄpoptqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsqssÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lotttrw(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ovrsttJ+ssssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]

pr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorrtqu ps (

xopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxousrJ+wrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tpxtvst pr rMJ

ovrsttJ+ssssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orprtu

QĂžTtxtpss pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄovpwrtÄĄowovqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrsoÄĄpqtxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpptpprq qu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqxsxÄĄovpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HopswssÄĄ

U\Lqprttr t rMJ

portpxÄĄppqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsusxÄĄoppwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^uprpotu pt qMJ

osppotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<poostuJ+pposqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpwopJ+rurrqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<oxpvoqJ+wtxtvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxourvJ+wrsttSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpwopJ+rurrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poostuJ+pposqtS

I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxpvoqJ+wtxtvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

poostuJ+pposqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxpvoqJ+wtxtvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<poostuJ+pposqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxourvJ+wrsttSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

ovrtpoJ+sstpvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxourvJ+wrsttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<poostuJ+pposqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovrtpoJ+sstpvtSI[+L[H

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L <oxpvoqJ+wtxtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?180


TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoustqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotoutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LouruoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owovqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpptvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?181


qq.\LjLtrQ[\SW[9TbWLtu\ÊM^S[ŕrvsv9T½[ŕ„WgSqr.\LjL>[ŃqxMijL[PQ[X[tuwU9[ŕvor\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]ps„WbŋǃSusuO[+T[bJUroP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTqrP[Jtuw…QcHqxT[+OL.W[Qqq.\XȤqw \ƵT9Jqt\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<ovrtspJ+ssurt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrpor

\Oj[L<oxpvrrJ+xppt„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[\Oj[L<owtrswJ+wotqt

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

>H^ƌ[JQ[J[L<outwruJ+rrprtqt„Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<ouqwqq

„@[T[9tvtusr pq sMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń-Q`HbR[;\JLotspqvġovpwsw„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kuxpxqq pt pMJ

pqoxpwġorpwpp„Mj[-X[ġosotqtġotrxtp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾uqsswu pu qMJ

oxsvrx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqsxopġosqopv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lottsrv(

I[\>\Oj[L<ouqwqqJ+ptvpvt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]

ps O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losqqpw pt (

„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<ovrtspJ+ssurt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]tqotvu pr sMJ

J+ptvpvt„Mj[I[+L[H\9Ǣö„R[;ÓƬ\Oj[L<pqtvoxJ+pwpopt

QþTtporopu pr pMJ

opswppġorqtrq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourwsuġoxsvrx„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzpptrsw qu pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsssxġporrqx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxooquġ

U\Lqprtrx t rMJ

osqopvġottprr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppstsqġoppsps„Mj[(

S[ȉoprvst p sMJ

„9H^uprvst pt qMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxpvqvJ+xpSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<owtrspJ+wortSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­ S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S

„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrtrrJ+ssuptSI[+L[H „QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv LíÊH\Oj[L<oxpvqvJ+xpSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<owtrspJ+ wortSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<

oxpvqvJ+xpSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouqwpsJ+ptutvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxpvqvJ+xpSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ 8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovrtrrJ+ssuptSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[? WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouqwpsJ+ptutvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovrtrrJ+ssuptS I[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxpvqvJ+xpSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouqwpsJ+ptutvtSI[+L[H

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L <owtrspJ+wortSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Louspqt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lowtspx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lppppqr„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[ opqtrp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orqrsp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotorop„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourqpr„Mj[(„QV S[\UH„WŁ[oworro„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxswrq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpptrot„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoxsp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtrq„Mj[( Q[\S53

M[\ď182


qr.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\S/bS/tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;roMÄłL[PQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUrpP[JtrP[SH]j\W\PTqsP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHroT[+OL.W[Qqr.\XȤqx\ĆľT9J qt\X@S]QX[Tj[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;T\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsorxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<ouqwqtJ+ptvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrvru

owtsprJ+wpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<owtvswJ+wxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<ouotooJ+rotwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otswsxJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqprqqq pr sMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<oxqsswJ+xpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;

O^Kuwtvw pt pMJ

pqpoqxÄĄorqssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosprqqÄĄottorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžuqupq pu qMJ

osotrvÄĄotsoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowovrtÄĄowtupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;oprsrs p sMJ

poptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoptouÄĄppsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lottrru(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<otswsxJ+opvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<

pt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotorpp pu (

I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGL[;\Oj[L<ouqwqtJ+ptvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ

Â&#x201E;OT]tqpturo pr sMJ

opvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<potxtoJ+prpttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtppwsw pr pMJ

\JLotsptpÄĄouroquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxopÄĄoxssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppstux qu pMJ

ourvtoÄĄoxsvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxorÄĄorpwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lqprtpx t rMJ

9^\T9S[\HovqtoxÄĄowpqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowssopÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^uprsrs pt qMJ

owsvtvÄĄpopusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owtsouJ+wprvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<otswspJ+opvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U

ÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L< owtvspJ+wxrtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[ Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`V

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otswspJ+opvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp

rtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtsouJ+wprvtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq

qsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtvspJ+wxrtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouqwpwJ+ptvvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtsouJ+wprvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otswspJ+opvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owtvspJ+wxrtSI[+L[HP[H H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otswspJ+opvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouqwpwJ+ptvvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otswspJ+opvtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqwpwJ+ptvvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owtsouJ+

wprvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

otswspJ+opvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ Q[\S53

M[\Ä?183


TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqwpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovtxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxssruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?184


qs.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\SI[+>[tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pJbQ[JSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUp.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrP[SH]j\W\PTqtP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqs.\XȤro\ĆľT9J qt\X@S]Â&#x201E;QS[Q[X[SMjT[\JL

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsporO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<otswtpJ+opvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osspor

owtvtpJ+wxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<oxrotwJ+xrpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<otsoprJ+qxttttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrxroJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ustqsr ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<owprrtJ+upwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H

O^Kuwqxps pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoovÄĄorqsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospqrqÄĄotsxro

ǜžuqvprtv pu rMJ

orpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourostÄĄovpxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;oprpqr p sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotsqpuÄĄovprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospwrtÄĄotsxro

O^KO\ž

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottqrs(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<otrxroJ+txtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<

pu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotrxsr pv (

I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGOO\Oj[L<otswtpJ+opvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]tqqtttv pr sMJ

txtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<oxqstqJ+xpvrqt

QĂžTtppsvqp pr pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqpuÄĄourostÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxpsÄĄoxssso

Ç?Çłppsswrv qu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtuppÄĄoqrpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrpooÄĄ

U\Lqprstp t rMJ

otsxroÄĄourutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoppusvÄĄoqsvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^uprpqr pt qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HotsxroÄĄovpwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosppstÄĄotsorx

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owtvssJ+wxsqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxrpprJ+xrqqqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<owtvssJ+wxsqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrpprJ+

xrqqqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otswstJ+opvptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrpprJ+xrqqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V 8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otswstJ+opvptSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrxqrJ+

txtqsvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otswstJ+opvptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owtvssJ+wxsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otrxqrJ+txtqsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrpprJ+xrqqqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowsuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpporrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqsqp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovttrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S53

M[\Ä?185


qt.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+tu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;rJbQ[JSQ[X[tuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SusuO[+T[bJUq.\Ç&#x2C6;LtrP[SH]j\W\PTquP[JtuwÂ&#x2026;QcHrÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqt.\XȤp \ĆľT9Jqt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otrxpoJ+txtqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otspro

oxrpoqJ+xrpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrxpoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ouoproJ+osvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upvtvpu pt sMJ

I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLourporÄĄowtuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kuvtux pt pMJ

pqowrpÄĄopsrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrpoqÄĄotsporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžuqwquto pu rMJ

otoootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpwrqÄĄosouoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;opqtwpr p sMJ

9[TS[\HopprtoÄĄoqsqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottprr(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ouoproJ+osvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<

pv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louprrt pw (

txtqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otsuqqJ+ropoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]tqrttqt ps pMJ

owprpuJ+upvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<ovqutoJ+sqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtpqqttt pr pMJ

pqoxsuÄĄorqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpotxÄĄoxsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppssppp qu pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosppsqÄĄotoootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosppsqÄĄ

U\Lqprspu t rMJ

popstpÄĄppstrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppstrsÄĄoppupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^upqtwpr pt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxrotsJ+xrprtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ouopqrJ+osusvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

porstwJ+pqpostSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<

ouopqrJ+osusvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ō99­CH^T[O[bS[