Issuu on Google+

33


Q[\S33

M[\ď0


Iu bgt kÖxm~hŠ¨vq ci eªÞ‥Y bgt

Bgvi ‥mbvLqvZ

weòzwcÖqv gwYcyix Vvii cyivbv cvwÄ m~hŠwm×vť�i gvwnj Mbvwb A‥m MbvwbiKv gvaecyii cweÎ ivmi RvMv Anvb‥i †K›`ªM aivwb ABj AÿZzc: 24.31º Jqvs `ªvwNgvZzc: 91.84º gyO mgqi jqvM: 6º gyO

gvwi 33 DĂ‹g wmsn

‥cŠwi http://www.pouri.org

wbDBqKŠ, wZjcvivóª

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?1


9I[.9>^\C

\Q\OĆ‹^\Ă‘j[Q\GM^S]D[STM[\Ä?.X[L\L9[T[\LQbLj[„;T;[9HOWSK\Sj[XŇ[9bSg\SH[(QSW[KL[-X[LSNTX[L .\XT“M[\Ä?â€? L[=SWNC7j½[SX[LT(QS5bS“M[\Ä?â€? L[=S;L95X[LTȉĪ[X[\S\JL9[SL[;/M^S[OWS.X[S

M[\Ä?X[L;L[\L59bSS(M[\Ä?;L[\LS9[\J@[HSQ[\X.bWp(W^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźO[bS[q(\Oǜĭ\WÄ­[ÄźO[J`9\WÄ­[Äź(W^R­½

\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X5H[M^S[L[9[bTÄĄ>\Tj[.bXQ[\XÂ&#x201E;RH[TO[@[bS>bTSO[+T[Sj[QM[\Ä?;L[\L-S(\Qbjg/bQW^R­½\WÄ­[Äź Q[\X/Tj[M[\Ä?5X[LQ_\H­M[T9ST^(/+bS@]9½[bTÄš[SÂ&#x201E;>j[M^S[L[\JL.X[LX[SM[\LO[S/\HX[WS<CL[S\JL.X[L \OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LL^\=\9Ǣ.Q[SM[\Ä?5H[S\JLH[\S:O[bS[\H\I\L9[T[\L5X[LX[\OÄĄ\XL9[QX[L(-X[bL.\Q X[\Ç M^S[L[\JLH[\S:5H[/bQ/+bS\@TQ[\Hj[S(H[I9j[QS5bSČ&#x2030;S9[XĤ[5X[bLÂ&#x201E;R9^LM^S[L[H[\S:\H\I

\OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LO[SL[L[L;bOVL[S9[bQT[;H/-X[LÂ&#x2026;Ç&#x2C6;bLj(.Q[SP[SH1MQX[bJUSQ^+O[S[HÂ&#x201E;RÂ&#x201E;RWL-Ĺ&#x2022;O[ M[\Ä?O½[OX[S9S[\L-S-H[X[\Ç 5bM/HÂ&#x201E;>ĹŻS[\LHXĤ[.X[bLgI^/T^(

OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;SQ[\S5X[L9^ĹĄ[;[ÄĄ>[T^-bWX[L-X[LQ[H[\L\XL(9^L;/Q[ÄĄ[S[O[JU[X.9ObS\L9[T[bWX[LO[bS[ 9HH[/Q[ÄĄ[S[S[@[UU[+9/\L9[T[bWX[L(\Q-W[bJÂ&#x201E;9[L6\HX[\W9H9­HR[L[L[QL[1\S(5Q[\Spspx/bT

.\@9[ÄĄpspxOWS.b;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;-9S[\L-bW5W[bJÂ&#x201E;TM9\Sj[pOĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;ÄĄ-9\Sj[X[\SQ[\SSM[\Ä?.X[LU[H9ST^(

\X@\S\X@\SH[\S:;L[\LSL[L[LMÄ­\H>[T^-bW-H[X[\OH:[\LL[:[\LÂ&#x201E;RW[bJ1T[TS(-X[bLQSMÄ­\H 9^bjH O[bS[Q[/žWNCMÄ­\HS:[\LW+Ć&#x2019;[S9\Sj[ 5X[bHgp\JLÂ&#x201E;XTO[9Q/bHM[bS(\X@\SH[\S:Â&#x201E;TM9S[\LS>^ĹĄ[

MÄ­\HX[L/TH[/I[\>S\M?S\JbLÂ&#x201E;OT];O^S[\LSI[+L[H@^T[9X[LÂ&#x201E;J:bT-\JLS\M?S\JbLM/T[Q[W(Â&#x201E;J:[\L5X[bHg Â&#x201E;ObWM-/bHM[bSÂ&#x201E;Q<[T[/bTÂ&#x201E;R;Â&#x201E;>/H/-;S>[L[X[LÂ&#x201E;W+L[/bTO[Â&#x201E;9[L@[;[X[ÄĄÂ&#x201E;>/H[S[5W[bJ(-X[bL

O[+T[bJbU/bQWS9[\S@[H]j>[*JÂ&#x201E;J:[9\Q\CbjÂ&#x201E;RX[LÂ&#x201E;TM9SH[/-X[LS;b@I[Ĺ°\Jj[\X@\SH[\S:O[bS[MO­ Â&#x201E;TM9S[\L-S(

O[+T[bJUO[+T[bJUSO[+T[59[bEQ]bjÂ&#x201E;RO[+T[M[\Ä?SW+Ć&#x2019;[S9bS\W-X[L/bQâ&#x20AC;&#x153;O[+T[bJUâ&#x20AC;? O^\Tj[Â&#x201E;JL[-/T( Q[\XW^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X/Tj[\JLO[SMSOXO[WQjR[Ă&#x160;[\H\ILĂ­Ă&#x160;9SLÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă XƤ^C.\J;LbT1 Â&#x201E;OL]b@[T[9\L9^T[\LO^S[\LĂ XLO[bS[TĂś5H[Č&#x2030;ÄŞ[J`9\WÄ­[Äź/Tj[;L[\L-/T(

Â&#x201E;RH[S;bOVL[O[bS[9Q­ĥM[+T[9M[W^H[ 1. Shree Ajit Krishnan, MHora-v0.2.

2. Shree Michio Yano (http://www.cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp/~yanom/) articles, and Pancanga (version 3.13). 3. Shree Vinay Jha (http://jyotirvidya.wetpaint.com/), Shree Surya Siddhanta releted all articles. 4Ă&#x2DC;]W_R­½\WÄ­[ÄźÇ&#x2030;[Q]\OÄ&#x152;[L[LĹ prpuW[TÂ&#x201E;OT^hQD9\T9[H[(

5. Indian Astronomy: An Introduction By S. Balachandra Rao, Year 2000, Universities Press.

6. Indian Calendric System, by Commodore S.K. Chatterjee (Retd.), Year 1998, Publication Division, MOIB, Govt of India.

My special thanks for their tools:

1. Microsoft for Visual Studio 2010 & Hijri Calendar.

2. Swiss Ephemeris (http://www.astro.com/swisseph/) for swedll32.dll

T\QbH;[X[\Ç S[+Â&#x201E;X/>[.X[LQS5bSČ&#x2030;Çł9[Q5X[HÂ&#x201E;9[LT[TI[/bTHS[9QbSO[b;/O[+\QT;[T;Â&#x201E;RW[bJ1 >^Q9SH1(

1ĥQ\W+X\L1/j9­pspxWL

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?2


\L+bIgǏdzQľ]bOT]M[\LS-\KM\HO^KO[bS[N[jNWTS-\KM\HU\L(

=========================================================

p…OU[:rrQ[\S/bS/ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSq…OU[:>[ŃpvQK^W^KLQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qpQ[>­uquO[+T[bJUv…>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTroN[ǵLtsv…QcHpvU\@O^.W[QpOX[;puU[7j[Ts \X@S] W[+¾[\ļX\QH/rp…>HrqQ[\S uqurqo W[9TbWL J+oroqvt <uprSWQj  „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottwspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ \Oj[L<ovrqsxJ+sorvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotspsw qp 

ppqvrqJ+srsvqt„Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG;S\Oj[L<ovrqsxJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<owqspwJ+upq„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;\W\ĭ„Wń[<owqwtxJ+

„@[T[9uqsppso pu qMJ

„Mj[-X[ġowqpoqġposurr„Mj[-X[ġoppqotġoqsxou

O^Kpppssu qu sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġorruquġosqspq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hposxsvġ

Ƕ¾pptspss s qMJ

owqpoqġoxoxrq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovrwspġowquqw„Mj[(

S[ȉppxrss s rMJ

pptxpx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxoqpwġporptq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqot(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<owqspwJ+upq„Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LíÊ\OU[:[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louputu qq (

sorvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„Wń[<owoqqoJ+rtpsqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ

„OT]ootvtx p pMJ

ruqpqt„Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotttroġovrqrp

QþTupwsqp pt sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġosquovġouorow„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovrwspġoxpsps

Ǐdzqpqpxtq u qMJ

pprvrr„Mj[-X[ġosqspqġottxst„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Ltqpsotw pr sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowtvqtġpoqwqq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoqwqqġ

„9H^vpxrss pw pMJ QþTO\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[„Wń[<owoqprJ+rtpsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<ppqvqsJ+srsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­

„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovrqspJ+sopvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[„Wń[<owoqprJ+rtpsvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[

„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHS[\H<ppqvqsJ+srsvtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspupw

pxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ovrqspJ+ sopvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/S[\H<ppqvqsJ+srsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovrqspJ+sopvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[VS[\H<

ppqvqsJ+srsvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovrqspJ+sopvtSI[+L[H MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqspoJ+uppsoSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovrqspJ+sopvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<ppqvqsJ+srsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owqspoJ+uppsoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Loupptp„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovsros„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxqvts„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprqpw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[opswtq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[Lososst„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Loupusp„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owqxrt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hposuru„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opootq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtxpr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwso„Mj[( Q[\S33

M[\ď3


qÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pwQK^W^KLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qqQ[>­uquO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpwU\@O^.W[QqOX[;pvU[7j[Ts \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottvrwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<owqrrtJ+upopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lourptq qq 

oorupxJ+susssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owqrrtJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owssouJ+vspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vusrtw pv qMJ

oppptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqurqÄĄposxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqstuÄĄ

O^Kpppttprq qu sMJ

ousroqÄĄovrprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouorqxÄĄoutppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppuqxtr s qMJ

ovqtrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrqqpÄĄouorqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouorqxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqqu(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<owssouJ+vspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousuqv qr (

upopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrvtxJ+rusupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]opturv p pMJ

ovtsosJ+rstuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtvqvÄĄ

QĂžTupvsurv pt sMJ

oqoopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsvtwÄĄosqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłqpqqvts u qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoproouÄĄoropprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLottsquÄĄ

U\Ltqprut pr sMJ

ovrqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqxpvÄĄottwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxrots s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpxrots pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ooruppJ+sussqqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owqrsxJ+uposvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooruppJ+sussqqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooruppJ+sussqqtSI[+L[H

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqrsxJ+uposvtS I[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owssqoJ+vsstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqrsxJ+uposvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooruppJ+sussqqtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owssqoJ+vsstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LoupqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?4


r…OU[:rrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSs…OU[:>[ŃpxQK^W^KLQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qrQ[>­uquO[+T[bJUx…>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTq…>Htsw…QcHpxU\@O^.W[QrOX[;pwU[7j[Ts \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottursO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ \Oj[L<owssovJ+vspqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovqqqq qr 

oppstpJ+swqrsqt„Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owssovJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

…H\HT\Oj[L<owrqtwJ+urx„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;OS]j[LQ[J[L<

„@[T[9vpxroqq pw pMJ

oxtutq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovrxooġoxpspp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

O^Kpppvrxsu qv pMJ

outpqtġovrxoo„Mj[-X[ġpqqsrpġorrstq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppvpvpq s rMJ

osqqqv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqvpwġpptwru„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqsv(

MčQ]\Oj[L<owrqtwJ+urx„Mj[I[+L[HVƊ]LíÊ„@½Ɗ[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovpust qs (

vspqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„Wń[<owsqqoJ+rutxst„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]oqttpq p pMJ

outtorJ+rqrprqt„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLousqosġ

QþTupvqwqt pt sMJ

ottrqqġousqos„Mj[-X[ġoppprxġoqooqp„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdzqpqrus u qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosququġotptow„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horrstqġ

U\Ltqprppr pr sMJ

pptwruġopqxtt„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopqxtvġoqtxpp„Mj[(

S[ȉppxqvsr s rMJ

„9H^vpxqvsr pw pMJ QþTO\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<oppssrJ+swqrqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owssooJ+vrttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L<

oppssrJ+swqrqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+S pqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oppssrJ+swqrqqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupw

qoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< oppssrJ+swqrqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owssooJ+vrttSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< owrqtoJ+urwsoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owssooJ+vrttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

oppssrJ+swqrqqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owrqtoJ+urwsoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Louortx„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovrtpp„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxqooq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqsqv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[opspoo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[ortuts„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Louowtp„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owqpsr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hporwss„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqtroo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtpqp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrosx„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď5


s…OU[:rrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSt…OU[:>[ŃqoQK^W^KLQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qsQ[>­uquO[+T[bJUpo…>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTr…>Htsw…QcHqoU\@O^.W[QsOX[;pxU[7j[T s\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotttroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owrqtwJ+urx„Mj[I[+L[HVƊ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howpsov qs 

ʽXơU­ LíÊQ_T[\Oj[L<opqrroJ+swsvtvt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+rttusqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovtprsJ+stwvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9wqrqu px pMJ

\JLottqpxġovqxts„Mj[-X[ġpostorġopppqu„Mj[O[bS[

O^Kpppxqwss qv pMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLorrvswġotptqr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxopġ

Ƕ¾ppwrrw s rMJ

oropprġosrqsq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovqrswġowttpv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorow(

\Oj[L<ovtprsJ+stwvt„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovswtu qt (

9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<owrqtwJ+urx„Mj[I[+L[H;S„Wń[<owpuor

„OT]ortrst p qMJ

\O\Ɔ„R[;M\S<Q[J[L<otrpttJ+qxuqqt„Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;

QþTupvxst pt sMJ

S[\Houtpsoġoxpsox„Mj[-X[ġpprurwġoqsuru„Mj[(

Ǐdzqpqssqq u qMJ

orrvsw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoptxouġoqsuru„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltqpquqq pr sMJ

9[TS[\Hporppxġpqooqq„Mj[(

S[ȉppxqsrq s rMJ

„9H^vpxqsrq pw pMJ QþTO\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<opqrqrJ+swsvsoSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrqtqJ+urwstSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<opqrqr J+swsvsoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<opqrqrJ+swsvsoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ovtptoJ+stwsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrqtqJ+urwstSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtptoJ+stwsvtS

I[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ( \Oj[L<owrqtqJ+urwstSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L <ovtptoJ+stwsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Louooos„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovrppt„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxpuov„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqorp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[oprvos„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[ortqtw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Louostt„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owpvsv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hporsto„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqsxor„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsvqt„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqutq„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď6


tÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qpQK^W^KLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qtQ[>­uquO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqpU\@O^.W[QtOX[;qoU[7j[Ts \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottsquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovtptvJ+stxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxovtq qt 

oposqvJ+swrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovtptvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<ousrpqJ+qxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstss

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wptsxrv qo pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopppprÄĄoqswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvtqÄĄotptrw

O^Kppqppwqr qv qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptwrpÄĄorrrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopppprÄĄ

ǜžppwsxpo s rMJ

ovqqttÄĄowtsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqxrrÄĄoroppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorqx(

\Oj[L<ousrpqJ+qxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowqspv qu (

stxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovqpopJ+rrspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;OT]ostqpu p qMJ

J+qssrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLowpvtsÄĄpossrs

QĂžTuputosp pt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouosrpÄĄoutpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsovÄĄpprupx

Ç?Çłqpqtqsw u qMJ

oqooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqqrsrÄĄopppovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltqpqprr pr sMJ

9[TS[\HovrrqsÄĄoxoqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxqpqq s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpxqpqq pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<opospxJ+swqsoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtptpJ+stwtoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

opospxJ+swqsoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<opospxJ+swqsoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovtptpJ+

stwtoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opospxJ+swqsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<ousrotJ+qxrtSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtptpJ+stwtoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousrotJ+

qxrtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovtptpJ+stwtoSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opospx J+swqsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< ousrotJ+qxrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pppurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouootxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqstovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?7


uÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qqQK^W^KLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]quQ[>­uquO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqqU\@O^.W[QuOX[;qpU[7j[Ts \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottrqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ousrrsJ+qposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoosot qu 

\Oj[L<ooqotsJ+supusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otposrJ+twqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqxqqro qp pMJ

ottoppÄĄovqwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxttotÄĄpprroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppqrwrx qv qMJ

optvttÄĄottsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxtxÄĄorrvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžppxrrss s rMJ

pqqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwsqÄĄppruooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppxpwpp s rMJ

9[TS[\HoqtvorÄĄosqtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorto(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<otposrJ+twqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxosow qv (

ousrrsJ+qposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ouooopJ+roqptt

Â&#x201E;OT]ottoss p qMJ

\WÄ­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwrxJ+pxqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTupurpps pt rMJ

orrvtuÄĄotpttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqpoÄĄoxpsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłqprpqq u qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxpsotÄĄposwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprroqÄĄ

U\Ltqppust pr sMJ

pptvrqÄĄopqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowtrtqÄĄpoqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^vpxpwpp pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwrrJ+pxqwptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ooqpowJ+supvqqtSI[+L[H

Q9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[ Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ousrqwJ+qporqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< oprwrrJ+pxqwptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqst vxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooqpowJ+supvqqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqp qrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooqpowJ+supvqqtSI[+L[H

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ousrqwJ+qporqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

ooqpowJ+supvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousrqwJ+qporqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L :[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otportJ+twqouoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< ousrqwJ+qporqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooqpowJ+supvqqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otportJ+

twqouoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpppqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqspppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?8


vÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qsQK^W^KLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qvQ[>­uquO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqsU\@O^.W[QvOX[;qqU[7j[T s\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottqpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<otppqvJ+twqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppoqsp qv 

pppvprJ+srrvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otppqvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<orpwsuJ+trsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xprxrs qq pMJ

I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;S[\HoppoovÄĄorrpstQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kppqstxqw qv rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtsroÄĄposrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpsorÄĄ

ǜžpqopvpx s sMJ

osrrpqÄĄouotprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptxpwÄĄopqvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louospp(

LOQ]\Oj[L<orpwsuJ+trsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxsxsv qw (

twqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ospvqvJ+quwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]ousxpp p rMJ

ppprpsJ+prqvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<owrqqoJ+uswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupuppqu pt rMJ

otsxowÄĄovqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrrsÄĄopposvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłqprpos u qMJ

pooppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppqÄĄosrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltqpppuo pr sMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppxptp s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpxptp pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<pppvouJ+srrvpvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppprqxJ+prqwptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pppvouJ+ srrvpvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<

pppvouJ+srrvpvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orpwrwJ+trsrstSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< ppprqxJ+prqwptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<pppvouJ+srrvpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<orpwrwJ+trsrstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxospwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppowsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owottxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?9


wÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\S/bS/ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qtQK^W^KLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qwQ[>­uquO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqtU\@O^.W[QwOX[;qrU[7j[Ts \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottpptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<opppooJ+swqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqoqst qw 

9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqputrJ+qpxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

usxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<otsopvJ+txsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqvwtq qr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopporsÄĄoqswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqvpsÄĄouotrs

O^Kppqutosv qv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposwpuÄĄpprtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospwotÄĄ

ǜžpqotxtq s sMJ

ovrxswÄĄowquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtqqvÄĄpoqsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxppto s rMJ

pororuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosrp(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[S[\H<oxtvpwJ+soqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lposqot qx (

opppooJ+swqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<owrrotJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ovsvrt p rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotswotÄĄovquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowptrtÄĄposros

QĂžTupttpqp pt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovrxswÄĄoxpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrotwÄĄospwot

Ç?Çłqprpwtr u qMJ

ottqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowptrtÄĄoxosssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Ltqpvpu pr sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpoqsrwÄĄpptusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqptÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpxppto pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpvouJ+qpxttSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxtvppJ+soqovtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrqtwJ+ usxrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpvouJ+

qpxttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxtvppJ+soqovtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxtvppJ+soqovtS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opppprJ+swqvtoSI[+L[H1Çł:/ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrqtwJ+ usxrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<opppprJ+

swqvtoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovptrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppossuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?10


xÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;quQK^W^KLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qxQ[>­uquO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHquU\@O^.W[QxOX[;qsU[7j[Ts \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]OÇł\IL]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottoppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<potqsvJ+sqspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opoqro

M_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGOO\Oj[L<pqorqpJ+ptrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<otspqrJ+txsrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popppvto qs qMJ

oxtrpxÄĄoppoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqutxÄĄposworÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppqwsqrr qv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLourupvÄĄovqtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouotttÄĄ

ǜžpqpspqp s sMJ

otsvoqÄĄovpxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrrrrÄĄouotttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louostq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqttsJ+rursrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qx O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppsotv ro (

potqsvJ+sqspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxsoqtJ+xsrqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]owsttv p rMJ

Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<oqsopvJ+tqprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTuptrotx pt rMJ

pqqqotÄĄoptuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsrpoÄĄospvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłqprqvto u rMJ

outqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwtoÄĄoropppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltqpqrs pr sMJ

9[TS[\HouotttÄĄovrsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqrotÄĄottpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxwrx s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpxwrx pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž

O^KO\ž/H/S[\H<poqpovJ+ spqqrt U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtsvJ+rursptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqorrtJ+ptrwstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtsv J+rursptSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtsvJ+rursptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<potqsoJ+sqspqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V 8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<potqsoJ+sqspqvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqorrtJ+ptrwstSI[+L[H

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtsvJ+

rursptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<potqsoJ+sqspqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoptoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otruqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?11


poÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qvQK^W^KLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]roQ[>­uquO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqvU\@O^.W[QpoOX[;qtU[7j[T s\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsxowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwotJ+rusqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optxsq

M_O­P[Ă?MJQ[J[L<ousvsoJ+rqrprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+rusqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovpspvJ+rsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqtrrqs qt qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLourtqoÄĄoxtqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsoovÄĄ

O^Koorssr p pMJ

oppooxÄĄoptxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrppÄĄovsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpqqqpss s sMJ

9^\T9S[\HorqxqsÄĄospuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqrrtÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxtqx s rMJ

opquprÄĄoqtspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotpr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotsttx\Oj[LoxtqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

ro O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqstop rp (

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxsprpJ+xsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwot

Â&#x201E;OT]oxsspu p rMJ

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;S[\H<ppruqrJ+ssrrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

QĂžTuptpoqs pt rMJ

oxprtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotsttxÄĄourtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłqprruts u rMJ

pqqpspÄĄorqxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqvrrÄĄotputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqotvtt pr sMJ

pptuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptuovÄĄopqwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^vpxtqx pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvrqqo U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ousvrqJ+rqrpptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxspqtJ+xsttvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ousvrqJ+rqrpptSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ousvrqJ+rqrpptS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ousvrqJ+rqrpptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VQ[J[L<ousvrqJ+rqrpptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqvtxJ+rusqqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqvtxJ+rusqqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<oxspqtJ+xsttvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ousvrqJ+rqrpptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqvtxJ+rusqqqt SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovtspp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoppprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/osorpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?12


ppÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qwQK^W^KLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rpQ[>­uquO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqwU\@O^.W[QppOX[;quU[7j[T s\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotswotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ouoptxJ+rosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqtqrx

Â&#x201E;SOH]9SG;S\Oj[L<ovptqtJ+rsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpqqJ+rutrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppxtqpr qu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrquÄĄoxprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprsqvÄĄoqspsw

O^Koqqvpr p pMJ

ÄĄorrwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptstvÄĄoqspswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpqrotv s sMJ

9[TS[\HporoorÄĄpptvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotrs(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJQ[J[L<otovruJ+qwqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

rp O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optptv p (

ouoptxJ+rosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ossxpsJ+tvsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oposqrs p sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotsstuÄĄovqrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpospruÄĄopoxtu

QĂžTupssxrx pt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwpuÄĄotpvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswto

Ç?Çłqprsut u rMJ

oropppÄĄosrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpvrxÄĄowtoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqotrpw pr sMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppxqpw s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpxqpw pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otovtpJ+qwqssoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovptrwJ+rssvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otovtpJ+

qwqssoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otovtpJ+qwqssoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouoptpJ+

rorxsoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovptrwJ+rssvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otovtpJ+qwqssoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ouoptpJ+rorxsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovorstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowswruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovtopt Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/ortxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?13


pqÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qxQK^W^KLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqxU\@O^.W[QpqOX[;qv U[7j[Ts\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsvoqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrwsrJ+qsssqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orsosr

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ostoqqJ+tvsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tptrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚQ[J[L<otqxptJ+qxqosvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqspost qv rMJ

opoxssÄĄoqswswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwqpÄĄotpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kospxuo p qMJ

optsqqÄĄorqvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxssÄĄoptxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqrrwtx t pMJ

owsxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqwpwÄĄoropppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louottt(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orroqvJ+qsqrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

p O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxrq q (

MS<orrwsrJ+qsssqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<oqqxptJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oppsoto p sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowpqroÄĄpospovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTupsqwst pt rMJ

ououtvÄĄoutrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprttÄĄpprsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłqprttqr u rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqqotrÄĄopovrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpusvÄĄ

U\Ltqoswsr pr sMJ

ovrsruÄĄoxoqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwtxv s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwtxv pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrosqJ+qsqsqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrwtwJ+qssttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrosqJ+

qsqsqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrwtwJ+qssttS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrosqJ+qsqsqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrosqJ+qsqsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrwtwJ+ qssttSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrosqJ+qsqsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrwtwJ+qssttS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowssrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opotrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoorqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?14


prÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;roQK^W^KLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHroU\@O^.W[QprOX[;qw U[7j[Ts\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsttxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqrqsJ+pxwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osqsqs

9SGL[;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqrqsJ+pxwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqtqÄĄovqqov

Â&#x201E;@[T[9owqtqw p rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrtvÄĄoxprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptrsvÄĄotsvoq

O^Kouprp p qMJ

posvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppropuÄĄpqpxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpqsptst t pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowswtwÄĄpoqqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqtqouÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lououpt(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqopprJ+qosrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losouqq r (

oopxqpJ+surppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrrtx

Â&#x201E;OT]opqrxr p sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtpopÄĄppropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwqtÄĄotpvso

QĂžTupsvsu pt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxoxÄĄorrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxprtsÄĄ

Ç?Çłqpsssx u rMJ

posvpqÄĄpprrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttotÄĄopqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqosspp pr sMJ

ospxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwtttv s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwtttv pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqopouJ+qosrSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqopouJ+qosrSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqopouJ+qosrSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pppxqvJ+pspqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pppxqvJ+pspqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LS MS<opqrpwJ+pxwroSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pppxqvJ+pspqvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqrpwJ+pxwroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqopouJ+qosrSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pppxqvJ+pspqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpostowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opopsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqprspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?15


psÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;p\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHp9[bTL.W[QpsOX[;qx U[7j[Ts\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsstuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ppqoooJ+psqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otostr

pqssprJ+pvrrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGOO\Oj[L<ppqoooJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxrrosJ+xrwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqqrrq q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;S[\HopourxÄĄorqupxQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kowups p rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtoquÄĄposopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxprtqÄĄ

ǜžpqstpps t pMJ

osrsquÄĄouovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptusxÄĄopqsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououru(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<oxrrosJ+xrwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotpqov s (

psqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<poqsppJ+spsrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]oprrvps q pMJ

ppsxowJ+ptptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<oxpvrtJ+wtxqqt

QĂžTuprsuss pt rMJ

otsptoÄĄovqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposopoÄĄopoxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłqpspsqp u rMJ

poooquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppqÄĄosrsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltqorxsq pr sMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppwtqsu s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwtqsu pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<pqssouJ+pvrrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<poqsorJ+spsqtvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ S[\H<poqsor

J+spsqtvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S prsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqssouJ+pvrrtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqo qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppqopsJ+ psrqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

pqssouJ+pvrrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oxrqtuJ+xrvstSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ppqopsJ+psrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqssouJ+pvrrt

SI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrqtuJ+xrvstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppqopsJ+ psrqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrqtuJ+xrvstSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppqopsJ+psrqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxrqtuJ+xrvstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxttrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqoxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqowotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?16


ptÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\S/bS/ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;q\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHq9[bTL.W[QptOX[;p\ĆľT9Js \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrtsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxrrqxJ+xrxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otsrrx

ppssoxJ+pttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxrrqx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<owovswJ+uvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9puroqx r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotsoswÄĄovqoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koxtxrt p rMJ

osqwqrÄĄouowooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsotuÄĄoxprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpqtqtqq t pMJ

-X[ÄĄospqopÄĄotsstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowpoptÄĄoxooos

S[Č&#x2030;ppwsxru s rMJ

poqpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoqpooÄĄpptsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lououtv(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<owovswJ+uvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loupvox t (

J+xrxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvsuJ+rvsstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opsrtqr q pMJ

oxpwooJ+xoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<ovorsrJ+rqvpvt

QĂžTuprqtsp pt rMJ

owpoptÄĄporxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxowÄĄoqswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłqpsqsp u rMJ

orqtrrÄĄospqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposusvÄĄpprrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Ltqortpu pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsotuÄĄowqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsvruÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwsxru pw pMJ

oxoqpsÄĄpoqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QÞTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ppssoqJ+pttroSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ppotpoJ+prrottSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspu pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppssoqJ+pttroSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<ppotpoJ+prrottSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrrssJ+xrxstSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owovsoJ+uvpoSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppotpoJ+prrottSI[+L[H L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrrssJ+xrxstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ppssoqJ+pttroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrrssJ+xrxstSI[+L[H MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owovsoJ+uvpoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxpvtqJ+xotSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxrrssJ+xrxstSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppssoqJ+pttroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owovsoJ+uvpo SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppotpoJ+prrottSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?17


TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqotswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

puÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;r\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]t5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHr9[bTL.W[QpuOX[;q\ĆľT9Js \X@S]>Ĺ LR[Ă&#x160;[Ă&#x2DC;]MSÇśS[Q@jÄź]-Ă­jH`H]j[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqtqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<owowpsJ+uwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqqpt u 

<ppotqpJ+prrpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG;S\Oj[L<owowps

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovovqqJ+rrwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqoptqp s sMJ

twsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsxpxÄĄopowtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kopptrp p sMJ

-X[ÄĄoqrwqtÄĄospppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqxsqÄĄovpxru

ǜžpqttwt t pMJ

oropprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrxsvÄĄovprqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrssv

S[Č&#x2030;ppwsuqt s rMJ

ÄĄotsrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovpw(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ovovqqJ+rrwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqqor u (

J+uwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovrsqqJ+rssrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]optrrrp q pMJ

ovosoxJ+rqwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<otoxsoJ+

QĂžTuprssp pt qMJ

O[bS[S[\HowqvqwÄĄposurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpxpxÄĄoptqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłqpsrrsv u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouowqqÄĄoutsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvrxÄĄ

U\Ltqorotr pr sMJ

ÄĄouowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouowqqÄĄovrtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosputv

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwsuqt pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?18


@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<ppotpsJ+prrptSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<otoxrrJ+twssqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍ OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

potprrJ+pqtxqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶL O[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń O`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otoxrrJ+twssqtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[

<[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ppotpsJ+prrptS

I[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<potprrJ+pqtxqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspu

pvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ppotpsJ+prrptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owowouJ+uwptSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovovptJ+rrwsoSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ

LíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovosopJ+ rqwqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owowouJ+uwptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[; \OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppotpsJ+prrptSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovovptJ+rrwsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<potprrJ+pqtxqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Loussot„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowqwtu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lporrqo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsxts„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orotsu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotpvss„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovroru„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxsvrx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqoptr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoops„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrxsr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otowtv„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď19


pvÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;s\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHs9[bTL.W[QpvOX[;r\ĆľT9J s\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsptoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovovquJ+rrxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqqpt u 

<potpsrJ+pqtxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovovquJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ourtoqJ+qqorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qrstsw t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouqwsuÄĄoxswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Koprsuqx q pMJ

-X[ÄĄopowssÄĄoptwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttooÄĄovsppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžpquqxqq t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqsoqÄĄospopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqoooÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwsrps s rMJ

opqqrrÄĄoqsxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovrx(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<ourtoqJ+qqorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqqor u (

rrxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ousvrxJ+rqsxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]opurpru q pMJ

otoxssJ+twsstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<orrwpvJ+tstwst

QĂžTupqsrsu pt qMJ

ovsppuÄĄoxprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrwsvÄĄouqwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłqpssrrx u rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpwtuÄĄorqsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqwsrÄĄotpwsr

U\Ltqoqurr pr sMJ

pptrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptrstÄĄopqvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwsrps pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH��˝9\Oj[L<potptwJ+proqvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ppousrJ+prrxtoSI[+L[H\QI^L

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potptwJ+proqvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppousrJ+prrxtoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[ J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovovpxJ+

rrwtoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potptwJ+proqvtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oursttJ+qqoqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppousrJ+prrxtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovovpx J+rrwtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oursttJ+qqoqoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovovpxJ+rrwtoSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<potptwJ+proqvt

SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oursttJ+qqoqoS I[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

ppousrJ+prrxtoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ototooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?20


pw…OU[:rrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSpx…OU[:>[Ńt\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]v5\ÑTuquO[+T[bJUqs…>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTpv…>Htsw…QcHt9[bTL.W[QpwOX[;s\ƵT9J s\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ourtowJ+qqotqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovoqox v 

ppourrJ+prrxqt„Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ourtowJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

…H\HT\Oj[L<ourrpxJ+qpwtqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;K`\H\Oj[L<

„@[T[9qpvoss u sMJ

ovpvtv„Mj[-X[ġporwpvġopowrr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houttptġ

O^Koptrxtv q pMJ

orrwsxġotpwtx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswssġorrwsx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pqutxv t qMJ

osrtpo„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovppspġowstru„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louowoo(

VƊ]\Oj[L<ourrpxJ+qpwtqt„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ]LíÊ.Í­[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqvou v (

qqotqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<ourootJ+rqwpt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]opvqxrx q qMJ

oqrospJ+tqpqpvt„Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvsuġ

QþTupqqqtw pt qMJ

oxprsx„Mj[-X[ġpprqqqġoqrvou„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzqpstrrx u rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoptottġoqrvou„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoropptġ

U\Ltqoqqpu pr sMJ

poqwtpġppttqv„Mj[(

S[ȉppwsos s rMJ

„9H^vpwsos pw pMJ QþTO\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ppouquJ+prrxvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ourrpqJ+qpwrtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9

„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourrpqJ+qpwrtS I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt

quLíÊH\Oj[L<ppouquJ+prrxvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ourtooJ+qqorqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ppouquJ+prrxvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

ourrpqJ+qpwrtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourtooJ+qqorqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourrpqJ+qpwrtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ourtooJ+qqorqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppouquJ+prrxvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ourrpqJ+qpwrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lourupq„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowqpos„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqtqv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsqop„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqtvts„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotoxtp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovqqss„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxrxsu„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpptsoo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optqqq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrpto„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otopot„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď21


pxÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;u\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHu9[bTL.W[QpxOX[;t\ĆľT9J s\X@S]>Ĺ LVĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ourroqJ+qpwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovssso w 

<pptppuJ+ptrrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ourroq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovoqrrJ+rrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqxtxtt v rMJ

porvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowqqÄĄoqswsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwtsÄĄ

O^Kopvrrqq q qMJ

pprqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptoqpÄĄorqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžpqvqvpx t qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovpotpÄĄowsstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqvppÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louowqq(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<ovoqrrJ+rrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxrptu w (

J+qpwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ousrtoJ+rqstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]opwqvso q qMJ

opsvttJ+toqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLowovpwÄĄ

QĂžTupqqqo pt qMJ

otpxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouoxquÄĄouttrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprswÄĄ

Ç?Çłqptrss u rMJ

opowqqÄĄoptwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpwpoÄĄoposptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqopwr pr sMJ

oroppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrttpÄĄoxoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwrutr s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwrutr pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ourqttJ+qpvtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pptppoJ+ptrrroSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourqttJ+qpvtqt

SI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pptppoJ+ptrrroSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourqttJ+qpvtqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<

pptppoJ+ptrrroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovoqqvJ+rrspqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ourqttJ+qpvtqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovoqqvJ+rrspqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ourqttJ+qpvtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pptppoJ+ptrrroS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovoqqvJ+rrspqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LototttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opswqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?22


qoÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;v\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHv9[bTL.W[QqoOX[;u\ĆľT9J s\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];Ăž[/Q[S@SQ

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovopttJ+rrqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrosu x 

<opoupuJ+pwsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovoptt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OO\Oj[L<owopsqJ+ussvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpqsrtt w rMJ

ovpupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsvovÄĄppqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwtxÄĄ

O^Kopxqurx q qMJ

otrxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwqvÄĄorrwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžpqvtrtq t qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpostsvÄĄpprpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqsvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwrrsr s rMJ

oqsvpvÄĄosprrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowsr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<owopsqJ+ussvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hportqq x (

J+rrqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovqwpqJ+rsrwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opxqtrx q qMJ

opqwrtJ+sxspuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtsvÄĄ

QĂžTuppsptu pt qMJ

otpxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttswÄĄoxprswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsxsvÄĄ

Ç?Çłqptprtu u rMJ

oxprswÄĄpostsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvrxÄĄpqpvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqoprts pr sMJ

opqvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsspvÄĄpopwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwrrsr pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opouovJ+pwsrqqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opouovJ+

pwsrqqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovopsxJ+rrqrvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opouovJ+pwsrqqtS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\L\Oj[L<owoptuJ+utqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovopsxJ+rrqrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ovopsxJ+rrqrvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L

I[bL/\Oj[L<owoptuJ+utqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovopsxJ+

rrqrvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opouovJ+pwsrqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owoptuJ+utqqtSI[+L[H 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowprpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotoqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opssrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?23


qp…OU[:rrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSqq…OU[:>[Ńw\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]po5\ÑTuquO[+T[bJUqv…>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTqo…>Htsw…QcHw9[bTL.W[QqpOX[;v \ƵT9Js\X@S]Ø]S[K[9^ĚSQbX[¢WO-9S[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<owoposJ+urpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxqosu po 

<oqtooqJ+qrtrvt„Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGOO\Oj[L<owoposJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxqvqwJ+xspso„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;O`\ĭ\Oj[L<

„@[T[9rqtpsv x rMJ

orqporQbXŃbR[;\JLotrsswġovptrp„Mj[-X[ġporutuġ

O^Koqppxsv q rMJ

oxprsvġoxtxsq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppxġosrtss„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pqwpwst t qMJ

opqorr„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxos(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oxqvqwJ+xspso„Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LíÊ-bƂV[„O\LSMS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpprtrv po (

urpqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„Wń[<owspopJ+rvsrt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO

„OT]oqoqrru q rMJ

oprppqJ+sxtp„Mj[I[+L[HǝO-Q`HbR[;S[\Hoporqoġ

QþTuppqpsu pt qMJ

opowop„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsurtġporutu„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzqptqsps u rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrtssġoupoox„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptsqwġ

U\Ltqoxsw pr sMJ S[ȉppwrorq s rMJ

„9H^vpwrorq pw pMJ QþTO\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

„R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ„O\LSMS<oqsxtsJ+qrtpvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S 9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[„O\LSMS<oqsxtsJ+qrtpvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV 99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH „O\LSMS<oqsxtsJ+qrtpvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owootuJ+uqtqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L

XO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<oqsxtsJ+qrtpvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ „L/\Oj[L<oxqvsqJ+xsqptSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/ \Oj[L<owootuJ+uqtqtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqvsqJ+xsqptSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owootuJ+

uqtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ„O\LSMS<oqsxtsJ+ qrtpvtSI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

oxqvsqJ+xsqptSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;M^S[@^L[9:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louqsqu„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowoxpv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpoprso„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrops„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqsuow„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lostwor„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovpotv„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxqvtx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppsqpr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsors„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqoor„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossxpv„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď24


qqÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\S/bS/ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;x\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pp5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHx9[bTL.W[QqqOX[;w\ĆľT9Js \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]W]H[LOQ]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrusuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxquqxJ+xrxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpopsow pp 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxquqxJ+xrxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tosrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrsxÄĄovpssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9svrqrs po rMJ

-X[ÄĄosqxrwÄĄouporpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqoxÄĄoxprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqrpqsr q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosouowÄĄotrvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowotpoÄĄ

ǜžpqwsptq t qMJ

owsrooÄĄpopvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvrtÄĄpptqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxqu(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Q[J[L<ostvttJ+qwqvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqrpop pp (

popvtxJ+spsvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<optpouJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqpqprp q rMJ

-X[ÄĄowotpoÄĄporuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovtoÄĄoqswssÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupppts pt qMJ

-X[ÄĄorqopxÄĄosouowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpostqtÄĄpprpps

Ç?Çłqptrsrx u rMJ

owttruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsqoxÄĄowqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltqotsu pr sMJ

9[TS[\HoxoqqoÄĄpoqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwqvqp s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwqvqp pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ostwpoJ+qwqwqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Q[J[L<ostwpoJ+qwqwqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxquqrJ+xrwtvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ostwpoJ+qwqwqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pppsooJ+pspoqvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

oxquqrJ+xrwtvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pppsooJ+pspoqvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxquqrJ+xrwtvtS

I[+L[HM^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ostwpoJ+qwqwqtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L< pppsooJ+pspoqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowotqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osstqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?25


qrÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;po\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpo9[bTL.W[QqrOX[;x\ĆľT9Js \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<pppqswJ+psvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppoxrv pq 

9SG;S\Oj[L<pppqswJ+psvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tquÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstrqÄĄopovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spxsptx pp qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqrrtqÄĄosotpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqrqrÄĄovprtt

O^Koqttqq q sMJ

oropqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrqtpÄĄovovruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpqxrpo t qMJ

-X[ÄĄosppoqÄĄotrusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxsw(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Q[J[L<ovqsprJ+rsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqort pq (

oopptoJ+survqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<oqqrpt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqqpxqs q rMJ

S[\HowqwosÄĄpostptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpusqÄĄopswoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuposqqq pt qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupotrÄĄouturvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqurwÄĄ

Ç?Çłqptstx u rMJ

osruowÄĄoupotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupotrÄĄovrurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Ltqopsw pr sMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppwqspp s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwqspp pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ovqsotJ+rsrtsoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oqqrqxJ+tqurtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oqqrqxJ+tqurtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovqsotJ+rsrtsoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovqsotJ+rsrtsoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovqsotJ+rsrtsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<pppqspJ+psvpoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pppqspJ+psvpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqsotJ+rsrtsoSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpootsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovorotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osspquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?26


qsÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;>HrqP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpp9[bTL.W[QqsOX[;po \ĆľT9Js\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bQ[\XL]59[JU]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WOT\QH/ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opppssJ+pxvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqotrt pr 

XĆ&#x161;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opppssJ+pxvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLouqqrpÄĄoxstopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpstqx pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovrpÄĄoptwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoututsÄĄovsqrq

O^Koqutvsr r pMJ

otqorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpwtrÄĄososrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpqxqqrt t qMJ

9[TS[\HoppxotÄĄoqssrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoox(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]S[\H<oxtxtpJ+spvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqosqo pr (

oqpsopJ+tpstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<oroprpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrpvpt q rMJ

S[\HovsqrqÄĄoxprswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrptsÄĄouqqrp

QĂžTupoqrpq pt qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuqoÄĄorpwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosroopÄĄ

Ç?Çłqptttst u rMJ

popurxÄĄpptprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptprtÄĄopquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpxtvts pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppwqpo s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwqpo pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxtxsrJ+spvpoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[��&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxtxsrJ+

spvpoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxtxsrJ+spvpoSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppptwJ+pxvsvt

SI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VS[\H<oxtxsrJ+spvpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppptw J+pxvsvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppptwJ+pxvsvtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtxsrJ+spvpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ 

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxpuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpproqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orowptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?27


qt…OU[:rrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSqu…OU[:>[Ńpq\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]ps5\ÑTuquO[+T[bJUp…OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTqs…>Htsw…QcHpq9[bTL.W[QqtOX[;pp \ƵT9Js\X@S]M^dzbV[ġQdz\ëL]\M\MH9]ǚz[JU] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrsxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ „O\LSMS<orpsptJ+qspttqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[opoosr ps 

Xƚ[\Oj[L<oortroJ+svsrst„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SGO[TO„O\LSMS<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

tutotvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;OÅ\Oj[L<orrwoqJ+ttqot

„@[T[9tprsuro pr qMJ

portprġopovqp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtvppġoxprsx„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Koqwsxsp r pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswsvġorrxro„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopsvosġ

Ƕ¾pqxsos t qMJ

ovouoqġowspov„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpoqvsxġpptrpr„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louporp(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrotv\Oj[Loxssro„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqsqtw ps (

orpsptJ+qspttqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<ospsqrJ+

„OT]oqsptt q sMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H\W\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrotvġovpqqq„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTuposqv pt qMJ

pproqvġoqrqrv„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLorrxroġotqott„Mj[(

Ǐdzqpuuqv u rMJ

oqrqrv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoropqwġosrurr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltpxtst pr rMJ S[ȉppwpvsx s rMJ

„9H^vpwpvsx pw pMJ QþTO\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<oortqqJ+svsrqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L< oortqqJ+svsrqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<orpsowJ+

qsptrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<oortqqJ+svsrqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<orpsowJ+qsptrtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/„O\LSMS<orpsowJ+qsptrtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(

„O\LSMS<orpsowJ+qsptrtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oortqqJ+svsrqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louowsq„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovtrrq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxtvtu„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpsqx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqroqr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lossqqo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louttpr„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxpqpt„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppquqx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqsto„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orospx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrrr„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď28


quÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpr9[bTL.W[QquOX[;pq \ĆľT9Js\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqtpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otpoqoJ+qxpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optspw pt 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osprotJ+tusvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<osourtJ+turrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqtswrr ps pMJ

oqswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxrvÄĄotqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupqopÄĄ

O^Kposppr r qMJ

orpvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovprÄĄoptwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpqxttrr t qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqupuÄĄoroprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrvpsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupotr(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<oropsvJ+trtpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orpvrs pt (

otpoqoJ+qxpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ouorrtJ+pquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqtpqtq q sMJ

O½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLowoqqsÄĄporsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovprÄĄ

QĂžTuxsuw pt pMJ

outvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprtoÄĄpproppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsurrÄĄ

Ç?Çłqpupvpt u rMJ

pqptrwÄĄopopouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovotptÄĄowsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpxtoqo pr rMJ

oxoqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwpsrx s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwpsrx pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otpopqJ+qxporoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oroqorJ+trtqqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV 99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otpopqJ+qxporoSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<oroqorJ+trtqqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otpopqJ+qxporoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Q[J[L<otpopqJ+qxporoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oroqorJ+trtqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxowqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?29


qvÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ps\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHps9[bTL.W[QqvOX[;pr \ĆľT9Js\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]LS\W+X>H^­JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrptsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<outorqJ+rrqrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsupt pu 

\OU[:[9SG;S\Oj[L<ouoqpwJ+pqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<osotpwJ+turorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uvttpp pt pMJ

otqxotÄĄovpotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsrrpÄĄppqtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpqrqpu r qMJ

opsuoqÄĄotrqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptvtvÄĄorrxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqowtv t rMJ

pqpuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpossrsÄĄppqxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppwppqw s rMJ

9[TS[\HoqsqssÄĄosovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupppu(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<otpoqxJ+txptsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsxqo pu (

outorqJ+rrqrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovrrqrJ+tprqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oquporw q sMJ

O½H]M[H\Oj[L<osqoqtJ+tvporvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTuxqwpw pt pMJ

orrxssÄĄotqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvstÄĄoxprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłqpuqww u rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxprtpÄĄpossrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqtpvÄĄ

U\Ltpxsurx pr rMJ

pptossÄĄopquoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrxtsÄĄpoptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwppqw pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<otpoqpJ+txptqvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otpoqpJ+txptqvtS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<outosvJ+rrqsptSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpoqpJ+txptqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otpoqpJ+txptqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<outosvJ+rrqsptSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?

WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouoqpp J+pqqstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<outosvJ+ rrqsptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< otpoqpJ+txptqvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovstspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxosqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opputwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?30


qwÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpt9[bTL.W[QqwOX[;ps

\ĆľT9Js\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9^Q­@jÄź]Ă&#x2DC;]Q[KO]M_\G­Q[cOU[:]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O^Ä­M_\G­Q[ P;O[LO^Ä­S.\O­P[O\H\I Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SN^TbJ[T;bĹ&#x201E;Ç&#x2C6;S] M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrotvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowqwJ+rusostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorrutx pv 

<outsspJ+rrwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovrqqx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TO\Oj[L<owrvpvJ+vtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqoxrv pu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;S[\HopooptÄĄorpuosQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kpsqqsu r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsroqÄĄporsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxprtqÄĄ

ǜžqoqops t rMJ

osrvpqÄĄoupqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptqqoÄĄoppvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupprw(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<otoxrsJ+txprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ospxqs pv (

J+tposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowqwJ+rusostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqvwqq r pMJ

ospxtqJ+tvxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<osptppJ+tutxto

QĂžTuxpotx pt pMJ

otqwpoÄĄovpoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsooÄĄopoutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłqpurxv u rMJ

oxtxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroprvÄĄosrvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltpxsrq pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppwwpw s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwwpw pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<osptquJ+tvoqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<outsrsJ+rrwpvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowqpJ+rusoqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X H^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[\Oj[L<osptquJ+tvoqvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outsrsJ+rrwpvtSI[+L[Hprtv xpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowqpJ+rusoqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outsrsJ+rrwpvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outsrsJ+rrwpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;

9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowqpJ+rusoqvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrqqpJ+tpoqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowqpJ+rusoqvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<outsrsJ+rrwpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovspsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqoqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxooqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?31


qxÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\S/bS/ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pw5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpu9[bTL.W[QqxOX[;pt\ĆľT9J s\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotroooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwpxJ+rwsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losqvpo pw 

\Oj[L<owpoquJ+utopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxpqooJ+xqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqrsst pu sMJ

tttrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvptÄĄovoxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpupqrx r rMJ

-X[ÄĄosrpoqÄĄouproxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsrrqÄĄoxprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqoqxqo t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoorsÄĄotrotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowooquÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwtv s rMJ

owrwssÄĄpopsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopsqwÄĄpptopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqop(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<outsowJ+rrvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osswtr pw (

owrusrJ+vtrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwpxJ+rwsvso

Â&#x201E;OT]oqwus r pMJ

\Oj[L<ospsrwJ+tutwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<orsvrwJ+

QĂžTuwtspq pt pMJ

-X[ÄĄowooquÄĄporrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopouswÄĄoqswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłqputopp u sMJ

-X[ÄĄorptqrÄĄosoorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposspuÄĄppqxqw

U\Ltpxrxrp pr rMJ

owtproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsrrqÄĄowqwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwtv pw pMJ

9[TS[\HoxoqruÄĄpoqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QÞTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<outsopJ+rruttSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owpoqoJ+usxttSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<outsopJ+rruttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[

O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outsopJ+rrutt SI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpoqoJ+usxttSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

outsopJ+rruttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpoqo J+usxttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outsopJ+rruttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwpqJ+rwsvqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwpqJ+rwsvqqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<outsopJ+rruttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owtwpqJ+rwsvqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owpoqoJ+usxttSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owturqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppposuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?32


roÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]px5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpv9[bTL.W[QroOX[;pu\ĆľT9J s\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<oxpvpsJ+rxrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotpvrw px 

\Oj[L<owtuooJ+wsupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxptqtJ+xrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vptpqtv pv sMJ

opousoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqwtoÄĄpossowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsqoÄĄ

O^Kpwptp r sMJ

oupvroÄĄovowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouprrrÄĄoutwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqorupp t rMJ

ovoqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrvrxÄĄouprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouprrrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqqr(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<owoxttJ+uswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpwtq px (

oxppqxJ+xqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<oxpvpsJ+rxrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqxrss r pMJ

<oqtuooJ+trsupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsqotÄĄ

QĂžTuwrvtx pt pMJ

opssrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqxrvÄĄortxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłqpvpqp u sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqttpÄĄoropstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotquqqÄĄ

U\Ltpxrus pr rMJ

ovrwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosotqvÄĄotroooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwptu s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpwptu pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owpooxJ+usxqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owtttqJ+wsttvtSI[+L[HKL^

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owpooxJ+usxqvtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<owtttqJ+wsttvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpoox

J+usxqvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtttqJ+wsttvtSI[+L[Hqr tvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpooxJ+usxqvtS I[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxpvqxJ+rxrvsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxpvqxJ+rxrvsvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owpooxJ+usxqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxpvqxJ+ rxrvsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owtttqJ+wsttvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppoutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opotpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?33


rpÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qo5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;>HtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpw9[bTL.W[QrpOX[;pv\ĆľT9J s\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<oxotppJ+rxxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louoxpu qo 

oxpotuJ+xqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxptpuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owsvtsJ+wqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqwttr pw sMJ

oxsprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsrtoÄĄoxprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kpxtopx r sMJ

outwtrÄĄovsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprrpÄĄorprpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqososs t rMJ

ortwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoprrxÄĄppsxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqsu(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<owttsxJ+wsttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottoqx qo (

xrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxotppJ+rxxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]popqr r qMJ

oprxroJ+torvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLoupusqÄĄ

QĂžTuwqqqq pt pMJ

otqtqxÄĄoupusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopourrÄĄoptvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłqpvpqrt u sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosrpqxÄĄotqqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorprpxÄĄ

U\Ltpxrqsq pr rMJ

ppsxsrÄĄopqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopptqoÄĄoqrxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvtwsu s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvtwsu pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owttsqJ+wstrqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxpppqJ+xquroSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owttsqJ+wstrqtSI[+L[H\QI^L

99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owttsqJ+wstrqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxpppqJ+

xquroSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owttsqJ+wstrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxpppqJ+xquroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxotqtJ+rxxto SI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owttsqJ+wstrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxotqtJ+rxxtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxpppqJ+ xquroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotstovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqouswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LospwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppoqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opopptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?34


p„@DrrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSq„@D>[Ńpx\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qp5\ÑTuquO[+T[bJUw…OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTp…OU[:tsw…QcHpx9[bTL.W[Qp„@Dpw\ƵT9Js \X@S] W[+¾[\ļX\QH/ro…OU[:rrQ[\S uquspx I[+>[ J+twqssvt <stpSWQj  „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ „Wń[<owqrpvJ+rvqusqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovoqtp qp 

owtwpqJ+wtuvt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġS[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L<owswowJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„9gTO\Oj[L<ovtptvJ+uporo„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;W[K½\Oj[L<

„@[T[9wpppsqu px sMJ

porqro„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxprsvġpqprps„Mj[-X[ġopsqtvġ

O^Kppprvtw s pMJ

\JLoqsxotġorsoqs„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopsqtvġoqqvsx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qosqtu t rMJ

owrvoq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpoquspġpptosw„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprox(

MčQ]LíÊQ_T[\Oj[L<oxpppoJ+xquqt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louqstv qq (

wqwto„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„Wń[<owqrpvJ+rvqusqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]potwuo r qMJ

ooooooJ+surorvt„Mj[I[+L[HǶP-Q`HbR[;\JLowsxtqġ

QþTuwvqq pt pMJ

orpqso„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hortvrqġossqqs„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ǐdzqpvqrtt u sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoroptsġosrwov„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoosxġ

U\Ltpxqxqt pr rMJ S[ȉppvttrt s rMJ

„9H^vpvttrt pw pMJ QþTO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾/H/„O\LSMS<orqptqJ+ qstrpo U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<oxppqrJ+xqutvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<owtwosJ+wttsvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\Êj OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owswooJ+

wqwroSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqrtvxpppq pspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxppqrJ+xqutvtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LíÊH\Oj[L<owtwosJ+wttsvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxppqrJ+xqutvtSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owtwosJ+wttsvtSI[+L[HK[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<owtwosJ+wttsvtSI[+L[H \ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[<owqrrqJ+rvqvqoSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owswooJ+wqwroSI[+L[H M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owqrrqJ+

rvqvqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< owtwosJ+wttsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotsppo„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovquoq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxroqt„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsutx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqoqtq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lospsto„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louqvsp„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owsssr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpotwtx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqtvpx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrusv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osouoq„Mj[( Q[\S33

M[\ď35


qÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qo\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHqo9[bTL.W[QqÂ&#x201E;@Dpx\ĆľT9Js \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovpsqrJ+rsrurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtwtq qq 

\Oj[L<owpxtsJ+vqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ouroovJ+qswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśPS[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqsrwss qo sMJ

ovtvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsostÄĄpqpstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsorqÄĄ

O^Kpprqsss s qMJ

oqqvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqsxoxÄĄorsorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqosqss t rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopouqpÄĄoptvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqtuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvtqqs s rMJ

opqtrvÄĄoroqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrwsqÄĄoxoqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprrr(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<owtwqtJ+wtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovorrr qr (

ovtqppJ+upptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovpsqrJ+rsrurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppturt r qMJ

<oxtwrqJ+spqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotqrstÄĄ

QĂžTuvtrp pt pMJ

osrptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupsssÄĄoutxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqtuÄĄ

Ç?Çłqpvrtqo u sMJ

osrptuÄĄotqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqxosÄĄoxtwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpxqupr pr rMJ

pqtvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovooovÄĄowruroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvtqqs pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<owtwsoJ+wtvpvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovpspuJ+rsrupvtSI[+L[H

Q9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<owpxsuJ+vqqpoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9 S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtqosJ+uposvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovpspuJ+rsrupvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtwsoJ+

wtvpvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpxsuJ+vqqpoSI[+L[Hprtuw popqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtwsoJ+wtvpvtSI[+L[H

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtwsoJ+wtvpvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovpspuJ+rsrupvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovtqosJ+uposvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owtwsoJ+wtvpvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovpspuJ+rsrupvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owpxsuJ+vqqpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxquqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LospotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpottorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?36


rÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qr5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHqp9[bTL.W[QrÂ&#x201E;@Dqo\ĆľT9J s\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<otspopJ+rostpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtvpx qr 

owqoroJ+vqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ovqoqqJ+sttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<otspopJ+rostpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ossurxJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xwpvtx qp sMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLovtvqpÄĄppqrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptvssÄĄ

O^Kpptporp s qMJ

opsqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrpvÄĄpqpssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqosov t rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrttwÄĄpopqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrvtsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louprtu(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovsvrq qs (

I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<ourosqJ+qsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]pqtsw r qMJ

twrpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžQ[J[L<ovrwqqJ+rtrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuvrxqo pt pMJ

otqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouptoxÄĄoxtwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqrxÄĄ

Ç?Çłqpvsuto u sMJ

posrpvÄĄppqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxopÄĄopqtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpxqru pr rMJ

osopspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvsxps s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvsxps pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owqoqrJ+vqrsqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovqoptJ+sttqvtSI[+L[HQ9S S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourorsJ+

qsxpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqoqrJ+vqrsqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqoptJ+sttqvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqoqrJ+vqrsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

ovqoptJ+sttqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owqoqrJ+vqrsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otsppuJ+rostttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ \LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otsppuJ+rostttSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ourorsJ+qsxpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owqoqrJ+vqrsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<otsppuJ+ rostttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqoptJ+sttqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opttooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S33

M[\Ä?37


s„@DrrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSt„@D>[Ńqq\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qs5\ÑTuquO[+T[bJUpp…OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTs…OU[:tsw…QcHqq9[bTL.W[Qs„@Dqp\ƵT9Js \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ „O\LSMS<orswpsJ+qutqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtvqo qs 

ouorrtJ+pstsvt„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<ossvpt

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

O[TO\Oj[L<oqstpsJ+trqxtt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;ÓƬQ[J[L<

„@[T[9xqqposo qq sMJ

ouptrr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovoooxġoxprtw„Mj[-X[ġpqpqqrġ

O^Kpputtpt s rMJ

otqqosġouprrw„Mj[-X[ġoxrxtsġppqroq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qortq t rMJ

oxtwrs„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqppġosrwtq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsqo(

-ƆQ]LíÊØOG[\Oj[L<ovqotxJ+stvpvt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrvsu qt (

J+twrqtvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„O\LSMS<orswpsJ+qutqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]prtpso r rMJ

otoqstJ+qxppsqt„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń-Q`HbR[;\JLorsotpġ

QþTuvqupx pt pMJ

oqqupq„Mj[-X[ġorttqsġotqsru„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzqpvtwqt u sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrxtsġporpqw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxprtwġ

U\Ltpxqos pr rMJ

osrwtqġouptrr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptootġopprsr„Mj[(

S[ȉppvsur s rMJ

„9H^vpvsur pw pMJ QþTO\¾ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<ovqpprJ+stvtqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oqstouJ+trqxrtSI[+L[H9^Ŧ

S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9 \Oj[L<ouortoJ+psuqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]

.\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqpprJ+stvtqtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń

\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqstouJ+trqxrtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ovqpprJ+stvtqtSI[+L[Hqsuv

xppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ouortoJ+psuqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt quLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovqpprJ+stvtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ouortoJ+psuqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<

orswovJ+qutvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<orswovJ+qutvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L :[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqpprJ+stvtqtS

I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<orswovJ+

qutvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ 

Q[\S33

M[\ď38


TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosoropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqstrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

tÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\S/bS/ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHqr9[bTL.W[QtÂ&#x201E;@Dqq\ĆľT9Js \X@S]\Ă&#x160;bT[>L[Ć&#x2020;Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprxrvJ+qosttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotvpp qt 

\Oj[L<osrsrsJ+twtpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

svttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpspoJ+qqpqpt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poupsrt qr sMJ

oupttwÄĄowqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqturwÄĄorpopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppwrwto s rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrxroÄĄporpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtupqÄĄowsvtp

ǜžqoqvqx t rMJ

poppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoppsuÄĄppswrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsss(

I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ouosrsJ+pswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrsps qu (

MS<oprxrvJ+qosttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oororoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pssxpo r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsquÄĄoqsxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTuvpsp pt pMJ

ortssrÄĄotqrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoupqtsÄĄovosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłqpwpos u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovstooÄĄowqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrstuÄĄ

U\Ltpxpvv pr rMJ

oxoqttÄĄpoquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvsqtq s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvsqtq pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?39


@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ouosqwJ+psvuoSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<osrsqwJ+twtqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­

Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QV

O`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouosqwJ+psvuoS I[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ouosqwJ+psvuoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L< osrsqwJ+twtqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ouosqwJ+psvuoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L

<osrsqwJ+twtqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ  9S[\LI[bL/„O\LSMS<oprxtqJ+qosuroSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pppxqvJ+pstvroSI[+L[H

9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <ouosqwJ+psvuoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

„O\LSMS<oprxtqJ+qosuroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<osrsqwJ+twtqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pppxqvJ+

pstvroSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotqtqv„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovpopw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxpssp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprppu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[opsvow„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[ortxot„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Loupptw„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owqxop„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hposrps„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqspru„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqpos„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortopx„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď40


uÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qs\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHqs9[bTL.W[QuÂ&#x201E;@Dqr\ĆľT9J s\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqtsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ppqoprJ+pstxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptsrw qu 

\Oj[L<osrtpqJ+twutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oqtvpwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<poovroJ+sptvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqoquts qt pMJ

pstpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<owprssJ+vptpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H

O^Kpqoqppp s sMJ

ovstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvquÄĄopsossÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroxruÄĄ

ǜžqopvqu t rMJ

oxrxouÄĄpqpspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupqppÄĄovorttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvrxsq s rMJ

oroqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqoqvÄĄoutvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrxqs

QÞTO\ž

ÄĄotqqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptox(

JUQ]\Oj[L<owtrqoJ+wtspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lportsw qv (

tsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<ppqoprJ+pstxqt

Â&#x201E;OT]ptsurx r rMJ

owtrqoJ+wtspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ppputxJ+

QĂžTuvqqu pt pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsppqÄĄoupuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoosxÄĄ

Ç?Çłqpwqpsw u sMJ

otqqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqoqvÄĄoupqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Ltpxpspu pr rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoupuqrÄĄovoosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtqtÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvrxsq pw pMJ

ÄĄoupuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupuqrÄĄovrxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortxrt

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[S[\H<poovqrJ+sptvqoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqtvrqJ+tsssoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pppvpqJ+pstptqtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ S[\H<poovqrJ+sptvqoSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqtvrqJ+tsssoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqtvrqJ+tsssoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L< oqtvrqJ+tsssoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppqoqvJ+ptoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtrrtJ+wtssvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pppvpqJ+pstptqtS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ppqoqvJ+ptoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqtvrqJ+tsssoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owtrrtJ+wtssvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovouqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouowopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HporxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orsuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?41


vÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHqt9[bTL.W[QvÂ&#x201E;@Dqs\ĆľT9Js \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqosO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owtsqpJ+wtusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqsvtp qv 

\Oj[L<oppvroJ+sxturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouqtsoJ+qsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppsssqv qu pMJ

txrvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLovorpvÄĄoxrwsr

O^Kpqqqpr s sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqttÄĄpqtttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrrppÄĄ

ǜžqostr t rMJ

oroxopÄĄortrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoppouÄĄppswpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvrurp s rMJ

oqrtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptrr(

59[JU]\Oj[L<ouqtsoJ+qsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppsoqo qw (

owtsqpJ+wtusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovsoppJ+rttppvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pussu r sMJ

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<owpsssJ+vpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<otoxsrJ+

QĂžTuutprs pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsowÄĄoqsxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupuswÄĄovstro

Ç?Çłqpwrrru u sMJ

otqtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrrppÄĄotqtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Ltpxpprp pr rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLppswpsÄĄopqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppqruÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvrurp pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oppvqqJ+sxtupoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpsrvJ+vpvqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oppvqqJ+

sxtupoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppvqqJ+sxtupoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqtttJ+qsvrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtsrtJ+wtvpvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqtttJ+qsvrqtS I[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owpsrvJ+vpvqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owtsrtJ+wtvpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oppvqqJ+sxtupoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouqtttJ+qsvrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovoqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxoutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouosouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqpox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HportqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqprprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otprrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?42


w„@DrrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSx„@D>[Ńqu\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qw5\ÑTuquO[+T[bJUpt…OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTw…OU[:tsw…QcHqu9[bTL.W[Qw„@Dqt\ƵT9J s\X@S]Ø]-MS[@T¾]h[59[JU]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqppuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ \Oj[L<ouqvorJ+qtoqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opruot

otpwts\Oj[Loxrwqo„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ„SOH]S[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

qtoqqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<otprpsJ+qxstto„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9pppxrss qv pMJ

otpossJ+txrxrt„Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ɛ[L\Oj[L<oqowprJ+tqtpqt

O^Kpqrspsx t pMJ

oxpspwġpqppqr„Mj[-X[ġoprxttġorowqv„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pqxsxtq t qMJ

orsprs„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoprxttġoqqspp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[ȉppvrrqp s rMJ

9[TS[\Hpoqupsġppsxpt„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupttw(

I[+L[Hǚz[JU]\Oj[L<osoppsJ+tusvst„Mj[ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

qw O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqstsq qx (

pprxpoJ+sttoso„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ouqvorJ+

„OT]pvsprq r sMJ

…H\HT\Oj[L<osoppsJ+tusvst„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;Ñ]\H\Oj[L<

QþTuuspqv pt pMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H„WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLowsuqvġporops„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdzqpwstqx u sMJ

QbXŃbR[;S[\Hortqsrġosrutx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxsoġ

U\Ltpxwtp pr rMJ

oroqrxġosrxtu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutuppġowrrqx„Mj[(

„9H^vpvrrqp pw pMJ QþTO\¾ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊS[\H<pprxqsJ+sttpptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<oqowotJ+tqstqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­ „JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqutuJ+qtotSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqowotJ+tqstqtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L99­C H^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsqu

LíÊHS[\H<pprxqsJ+sttpptSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<pprxqsJ+sttpptS

I[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ouqutuJ+qtotSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqutuJ+qtotSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osopowJ+tusvroSI[+L[H

„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ouqutuJ+qtotSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pprxqsJ+sttpptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ

LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osopowJ+ tusvroSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Loutwro„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxoqts„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpppxqv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oprtqp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orsvpw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louoopo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owpvpr

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hporpqu„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqqxsw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoxpu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrwro„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoxsr„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď43


xÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qx5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHqw9[bTL.W[QxÂ&#x201E;@Dqu\ĆľT9J s\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqoqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osopttJ+tusxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpxso

opsrsqJ+tptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]S[\H<poovsqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtpsrJ+qrtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9orqppr p qMJ

sssstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotpwowÄĄovtsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpqtpxtp t pMJ

O[bS[S[\HoupvrxÄĄovoptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppoxÄĄoqqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqxrqqr t qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowroprÄĄoxtwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopottpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvropo s rMJ

outtrtÄĄowrropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtqoÄĄoroqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuqr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpwow\Oj[LoxrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

qx O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optorr ro (

sqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osopttJ+tusxqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pwrwtu r sMJ

<opsrsqJ+tptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½S[\H<pppqovJ+

QĂžTuurqs ps sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrvtxÄĄpqprtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspstÄĄosrrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłqpwtvqv u sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqsxsvÄĄorspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrrsrÄĄotqtsp

U\Ltpxupu pr rMJ

optvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqppoxÄĄpqttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvropo pw pMJ

9[TS[\HovsoroÄĄoxorqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QÞTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<poovrtJ+sqrrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poovrtJ+ sqrrvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

poovrtJ+sqrrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<opsrtuJ+tpuqoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS <oqtprvJ+qrtrsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<poovrtJ+sqrrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opsrtuJ+tpuqoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppptrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprpu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqotqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ototsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?44


poÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qx\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ro5\Ă&#x2018;TuquO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHqx9[bTL.W[QpoÂ&#x201E;@Dqv \ĆľT9Js\X@S]W[\OĂ&#x160;]>H^­JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<pprwstJ+sttrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqtxss

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqrxtwJ+pwquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LS[\H<pprwst

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rvtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLovtrrqÄĄppqpsr

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opvrrqv q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpotuÄĄoprxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpsrÄĄ

O^Kpqutups t qMJ

ppsvstÄĄopqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrqrsÄĄpopooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupusw(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvqsJ+rwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

ro O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtsqx p (

J+sttrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owquoxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pxrupx r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptvtqÄĄotquorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupwotÄĄoxtwrv

QĂžTuuqrqw ps sMJ

pqprsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposqsrÄĄppqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłqpxxqw u sMJ

9[TS[\HoqrspuÄĄortutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqxpqro t qMJ

U\Ltpxrsv pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppvqutx s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvqutx pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvpvJ+rwsssqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pospsuJ+prrqsqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pospsu J+prrqsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvpvJ+rwsssqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvpvJ+rwsssqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvpvJ+rwsssqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<pprwrvJ+sttrqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<pqrxtoJ+pwqutSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvpvJ+rwsssqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<pprwrvJ+sttrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowttoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?45


ppÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ro\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHro9[bTL.W[QppÂ&#x201E;@Dqw\ĆľT9Js \X@S].\@Â&#x201E;Qg\L Q^SO^S\Jj[\XL[\L NT[X[S]9[\T9[M^@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwtsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ S[\H<oxtoopJ+spqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrvss

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<posqprJ+prrrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<ottqsvJ+rproptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pprvpr r qMJ

oxpsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqposrÄĄoqqqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortotpÄĄ

O^Kpqwroto t qMJ

oxrvpvÄĄppqprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrvpvÄĄpoqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqwtopu t qMJ

ossoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossoswÄĄoupwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvps(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L<ovsqtuJ+rutrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortvtt q (

oxtoopJ+spqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<oxoqtqJ+xqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pporrso s pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsqoxÄĄoupwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoqrrÄĄ

QĂžTuuptrv ps sMJ

otpwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpuspÄĄouowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłqpxqprs u sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxpsrvÄĄoxtwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLororosÄĄ

U\Ltpxpqs pr rMJ

ppswsrÄĄopppptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvqrsx s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvqrsx pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovsrppJ+ruuptSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<posqqwJ+prrsqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovsrppJ+

ruuptSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxsxttJ+spqrtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovsrpp

J+ruuptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxsxttJ+spqrtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<posqqwJ+ prrsqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ovsrppJ+ruuptSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxsxttJ+spqrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoususrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotswqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owotqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?46


pq„@DrrQ[\S/bS/ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSpr„@D>[ŃpO[QLQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@] q„QuquO[+T[bJUpx…OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTpq…OU[:tsw…QcHp/=[.W[Qpq„@Dqx\ƵT9Js\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ „Wń[<owqqpqJ+rvstrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osptpp

9SG\9Ǣö\Oj[L<oxorruJ+xqxt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„Wń[<owqqpqJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„9gTO„R[;W^9Q­[„O\LSMS<orrttxJ+qttoqt„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

„@[T[9pptqxsr s qMJ

owrosw„Mj[-X[ġpqtsqwġoroupw„Mj[-X[ġortoptġ

O^Kqorrp t rMJ

oxrutwġpoqxpo„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtqrsġowsssu„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pqwqtsu t qMJ

pooxrt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooxrtġppsvqw„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvrx(

\ƻH]j[LíÊ„S[\XG]Q[J[L<outxorJ+rspvsqt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotoprs r (

rvstrt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovsuttJ+upxvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]ppprpo s pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprrsġoqtopo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpwtwġ

QþTuuwrr ps sMJ

otpwow„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLouowpoġovooqq„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzqpxrrss u sMJ

9^\T9S[\Hovsutpġowrosw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrpsrġ

U\Ltpwtxv pr rMJ

oxorstġpoquox„Mj[(

S[ȉppvqorw s rMJ

„9H^vpvqorw pw pMJ QþTO\¾ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

XSM;H[S[„íQ[Q[J[L<outxpvJ+rspwpvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ovsvpoJ+upxstSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­

„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+SO`V 99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsvpoJ+upxstSI[+L[H „QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv pxqpqrqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<outxpvJ+rspwpvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH

XO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L<outxpvJ+rspwpvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„Wń[<owqqotJ+rvstpvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ„Wń[<owqqot J+rvstpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[<owqqotJ+rvstpvtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxorqxJ+xqwsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ LíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<outxpvJ+

rspwpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ„Wń[<

owqqotJ+rvstpvtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lousqsv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowsvpo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpporss„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oppxrv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orrprt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotssqv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owopqw

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpoptsr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqpsot„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/optrrr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqqsv„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostsoo„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď47


prÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] rÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHq/=[.W[QprÂ&#x201E;@Dro\ĆľT9Js\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovpwtpJ+rtwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostrrw

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovsvpwJ+uqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ovpwtp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;SÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwrxJ+qotwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqxwsu t qMJ

ovsvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquqwÄĄoprwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorotswÄĄ

O^Kqprsw t rMJ

oxrurxÄĄpqprqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouovrrÄĄoutxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqvtxs t qMJ

ororqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotptpuÄĄoutrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosspqr

S[Č&#x2030;ppvpvqv s rMJ

ÄĄotpvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwot(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<ourxrvJ+rrrotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lououor s (

J+rtwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outvrwJ+spvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ppqqwpx s pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsqrtÄĄoupxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovorpuÄĄ

QĂžTuuqpt ps sMJ

otpvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotptpuÄĄouovrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłqpxsttw u sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoupxqsÄĄovorpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtqpÄĄ

U\Ltpwtutu pr rMJ

ÄĄoupxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupxqsÄĄovsprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttox

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvpvqv pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovsvppJ+upxsvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ourxroJ+rrrortSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsvppJ+

upxsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsu vxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ourxroJ+rrrortSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqp qrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovpwstJ+rtwsqtS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovpwstJ+rtwsqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovsvppJ+upxsvtSI[+L[H

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ourxroJ+rrrortSI[+L[H

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovpwstJ+rtwsqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotsorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtvrr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoppsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?48


psÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;rO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHr/=[.W[QpsÂ&#x201E;@Dp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s\X@S] SĹŚ[H`H]j[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<ousrrvJ+rrsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otrsrr

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outvspJ+spvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<pqorpxJ+pvpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpqrqto u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupxtpÄĄovsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqrtÄĄpqtrtv

O^Kqrqrq t rMJ

ÄĄotqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorotpxÄĄorsxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpqvropx t qMJ

9[TS[\HoppoqqÄĄoqrqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwrp(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<ousvruJ+rrtqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

s O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovppqr t (

ousrrvJ+rrsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ourvpoJ+rqwt

Â&#x201E;OT]pprqtru s qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutxpwÄĄoxruqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqsÄĄoqtoqv

QĂžTuttuss ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrtoxÄĄotqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrtox

Ç?Çłqpxtwpu u sMJ

pooxosÄĄppsvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvprÄĄopqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpwtsto pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppvpspv s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvpspv pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ousvtoJ+rrtrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ousvtoJ+

rrtrtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[ TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ousvtoJ+

rrtrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ousvto J+rrtrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ousrroJ+rrsqptSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outvrrJ+spvqqtSI[+L[H

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ousrroJ+rrsqptSI[+L[H\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ousvtoJ+rrtrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtrrv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoovtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqouprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opstspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?49


ptÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;sO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHs/=[.W[QptÂ&#x201E;@Dq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s\X@S] 1Q[>H^I­]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpttwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ourwsoJ+rrrptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupxow u 

O\G@\Oj[L<ourvprJ+rqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ourwsoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<potpsrJ+pssqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqtsppp v qMJ

oprvqsÄĄorostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorswrrÄĄosrqpt

O^Kqsqwrs t sMJ

oqqpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLororsqÄĄossqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwtw(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Q[J[L<ovqtqwJ+rtqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howpuso u (

rrrptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ouswooJ+rtustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]ppsqqtq s qMJ

owsrrwÄĄpoqwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxptowÄĄpqoxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTuttpuo ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtoruÄĄorsropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprvqsÄĄ

Ç?Çłqqoporw v pMJ

outqpsÄĄowrorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqupoÄĄppswowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqutxrw t qMJ

U\Ltpwtqtp pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppvppu s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvppu pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ourwrqJ+rrrproSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovqtqoJ+rtqwroSI[+L[H99­C

S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ourwrqJ+

rrrproSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpw

qoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovqtqoJ+rtqwroSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ <SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ourwrqJ+rrrproSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovqtqoJ+rtqwroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovqtqoJ+rtqwroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/

Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ourwrqJ+rrrproSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourvouJ+rqvttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ourwrqJ+rrrproSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovqtqoJ+rtqwroSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opovtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsxsp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoorttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?50


puÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;tO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHt/=[.W[QpuÂ&#x201E;@Dr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovosrxJ+rsrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupxow u 

OO\Oj[L<ousvqqJ+rttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovosrxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<poosrxJ+pqwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rwrrtt w qMJ

orsrptÄĄosrtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqossÄĄovosqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqttqr t sMJ

-X[ÄĄosrtstÄĄotqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrprxÄĄoxtwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpquqvpo t pMJ

pqtrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutpssÄĄowrooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxqs(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrrtJ+rwqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howpuso u (

rsrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovqxroJ+tsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pptqov s qMJ

\JLotprpwÄĄovtosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtsvÄĄpqprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTutswq ps sMJ

pqoxsxÄĄoqqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtostÄĄorsrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłqqoqrr v pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopotsuÄĄoptwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxsxÄĄ

U\Ltpwtotv pr rMJ

opqtqvÄĄorortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsqrrÄĄoxosqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvvtt s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvvtt pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrsxJ+rwqppvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrsxJ+

rwqppvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovosrqJ+rsrwtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ousvruJ+rttstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovosrqJ+rsrwtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrsxJ+rwqppvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oportsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovstsu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?51


pvÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[QpvÂ&#x201E;@Ds\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsruO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoorqJ+rutxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovowot v 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovqwroJ+trxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoorq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<oxspsqJ+pppqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqppptw x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqpppÄĄoxtxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxsoÄĄoprusw

O^Kqvpqsx u pMJ

ppquovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsutuÄĄopqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxtp(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[S[\H<poppprJ+sqquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxqoot v (

J+rutxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owrxqtJ+wrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ppupvqp s qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovtoqrÄĄppqorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptwqpÄĄotqwrv

QĂžTutsstp ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqorxÄĄpqprprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposqrrÄĄ

Ç?Çłqqortrq v pMJ

owqxswÄĄpoowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrpptÄĄortqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqttrt t pMJ

U\Ltpwsxpo pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppvsst s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpvsst pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<poppouJ+sqqutSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ

\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<poppouJ+sqqutSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poppou J+sqqutSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owooqtJ+rutxqqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<poppouJ+sqqutSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owooqtJ+rutxqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owooqtJ+rutxqqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovqwstJ+tsopqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owooqtJ+rutxqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpossosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqtxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovspto

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ororovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?52


pw„@DrrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSpx„@D>[ŃvO[QLQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]w„QuquO[+T[bJUqt…OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTpw…OU[:tsw…QcHv/=[.W[Qpw„@Dt\ƵTXĉs\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ S[\H<oxqrqwJ+soqwro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowopps w 

9SG;S\Oj[L<owrwqvJ+wrttvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

pppqrt„Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLorsrssġouqprw„Mj[O[bS[

„@[T[9srrvp po qMJ

-X[ġorsutwġotprtu„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotpqosġouossq

O^Kqwroso u pMJ

poqvts„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxptrtġoxtxos„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾pqtpvrs t pMJ

9[TS[\Hppsvsvġopoxqo„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqopv(

-ƆQ]LíÊQ<[\Oj[L<oopsouJ+svrurqt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ǵL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpopxqr w (

oxqrqwJ+soqwro„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<oxspouJ+

„OT]ppvpsrr s rMJ

S[\Hovotowġoxptrt„Mj[-X[ġpqoxrqġoqqooo„Mj[

QþTutsqqv ps sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoxrtpuġppqorq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrtpuġ

Ǐdzqqoswt v pMJ

orosptġossqtv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossqtvġouqprw„Mj[(

U\Ltpwsvqw pr rMJ S[ȉppvprs s rMJ

„9H^vpvprs pw pMJ QþTO\¾ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

„R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<oopsqoJ+svrvvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L1ǚS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L

„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH \Oj[L<oopsqoJ+svrvvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/S[\H<oxqrqoJ+soqwpoSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oopsqoJ+svrvvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\L O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxqrqoJ+soqwpoS

I[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxqrqoJ+soqwpoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[? WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<owrwqoJ+wrtsoSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<

oxqrqoJ+soqwpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<oopsqoJ+svrvvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Loupxpp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowqrrt„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lposoow„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtuoq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orovtx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotqotp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovrvts„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxtqow„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpptoqw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqxtw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtxpq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osroqs„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď53


pxÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\S/bS/ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;wO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] xÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHw/=[.W[QpxÂ&#x201E;@Du\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ S[\H<ppouttJ+ssswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowtvqr x 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<popqrrJ+pqrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppoutt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprowÄĄoqtppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spttpqt pp pMJ

orsuqwÄĄotprpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouosppÄĄoututsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqxstqr u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovswttÄĄowrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqxowÄĄ

ǜžpqssoto t pMJ

oxostsÄĄpoqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqoss(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oqrusvJ+trrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppqtp x (

J+ssswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<oxtwtqJ+pptwqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwppss s rMJ

ouqqouÄĄowrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqsxÄĄorororÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTutsosx ps sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrtopÄĄpoqvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsxruÄĄowsqpx

Ç?Çłqqposp v pMJ

poovtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovtwÄĄppsusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltpwsttr pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pputwqr s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vputwqr pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oqruspJ+trrsqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<porprpJ+prqproSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

porprpJ+prqproSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqruspJ+trrsqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppovoxJ+sssxpoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqruspJ+trrsqt SI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oqruspJ+trrsqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<ppovoxJ+sssxpoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtwsuJ+pptwpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<ppovoxJ+sssxpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqruspJ+trrsqtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orosoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxswpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opquoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?54


qoÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;xO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] poÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHx/=[.W[QqoÂ&#x201E;@Dv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oposorJ+sxssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxtsso po 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pqortvJ+pvpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

prpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLorssprÄĄouqqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqvtwt pq pMJ

-X[ÄĄoroqrxÄĄotpqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpottÄĄouorsp

O^Kqpotusu u qMJ

outuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqqrrÄĄovottrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpqsrt t pMJ

-X[ÄĄossrruÄĄouqqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqqrrÄĄovsrsx

O^SH/Q[J[Louqppp(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<otppoqJ+opsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptxtt po (

oposorJ+sxssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<poroqpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ppxwts s rMJ

O[bS[S[\HovottrÄĄovsxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqttuÄĄoprttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTutrxtv ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrssvÄĄpqprovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouorspÄĄ

Ç?Çłqqpprqo v pMJ

opqtspÄĄorosrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpottÄĄousxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Ltpwssqs pr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortpqsÄĄotpqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pputtpr s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vputtpr pw pMJ QĂžTO\ž ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<poropsJ+prpwpvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otpppuJ+oqpvtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

poropsJ+prpwpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otpppuJ+oqpvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps

ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpppuJ+oqpvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otpppuJ+oqpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<oportvJ+sxsruoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<poropsJ+prpwpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oportvJ+ sxsruoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otpppuJ+oqpvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovroopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?55


qpÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;poO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/=[.W[QqpÂ&#x201E;@Dw\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<orostoJ+tssvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotpqo pp 

\Oj[L<ovsvswJ+urstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ppoxoqJ+pstusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpoopv pr pMJ

oqtprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqrooÄĄovsxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqrwÄĄ

O^Kqpqsrs u qMJ

osrvpxÄĄotropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroqptÄĄorstrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqrqsrs t pMJ

opqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopowsoÄĄoqqxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqprw(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<otpoovJ+txtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqspos pp (

oqortxJ+qqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<orostoJ+tssvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqour s sMJ

O½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLoutuorÄĄoxrsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprouÄĄ

QĂžTutrxtp ps sMJ

pqtqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrvpxÄĄotropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłqqpqur v pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoovruÄĄppsuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsuspÄĄ

U\Ltpwsrq pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pputqq s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vputqq pw pMJ

QÞTO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txsqt ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovsvsoJ+ursrvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< ovsvsoJ+ursrvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orossrJ+tssvptSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovsvsoJ+ursrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@��&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orossrJ+tssvptSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppowtsJ+pstuqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ \Oj[L<orossrJ+tssvptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovsvsoJ+ursrvt SI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowppswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?56


qqÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[QqqÂ&#x201E;@Dx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]M[Ä&#x161;O[\L@­T[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ostxtpJ+txruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsupt pq 

O\G@Q[J[L<osoqtxJ+qvpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ostxtpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLowspqwÄĄpoqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqqprp pr sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorstotÄĄosqwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtptoÄĄ

O^Kqprwrr u qMJ

orotorÄĄosssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousxoqÄĄowqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqou(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<ovsurqJ+urpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oppvqs pq (

txruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ppsvssJ+purssvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqprpp s sMJ

oxpupuÄĄpqoxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprtqwÄĄoroptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTutsorp ps sMJ

orssssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprtqwÄĄoqpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłqqprwsx v pMJ

9[TS[\HpoquqwÄĄppsvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqqstro s sMJ

U\Ltpwspst pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppuswtp s rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpuswtp pw pMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovsuqtJ+urproSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ostxstJ+txrutSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

poputsJ+pqswtvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\L

O[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`V S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ostxstJ+txrutSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S prtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovsuqtJ+urproSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqo qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poputsJ+pqswtvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovsuqtJ+urproSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ostxstJ+txrutSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poputsJ+pqswtvtSI[+L[H<S

W[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ostxst J+txrutSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ostxstJ+txrutSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovsuqtJ+urproSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostxstJ+txrutSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9 M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouorqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowovtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LototovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovqqox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxruqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S33

M[\Ä?57


qrÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pqO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/=[.W[QqrÂ&#x201E;@Dpo\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;9[SO[\LS0J0Ç&#x161;T.RX[O9S[0J Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpottO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ostwrvJ+txrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrxox pr 

\Oj[LourxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<poptsuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ottprrJ+rpstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ustqp ps sMJ

pvturvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotoxpxÄĄovswpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpswqw u rMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqrttÄĄovovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowtxÄĄoqpwqr

ǜžpqquw s sMJ

otrotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrrpxÄĄoxtxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppustsp s rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLouswrwÄĄowqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqttvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqrr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<ourxsvJ+rsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotoxpx

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optopq pr (

pqsuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ostwrvJ+txrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqqopw s sMJ

ourxsvJ+rsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<pqpxtwJ+

QĂžTutsptu ps sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrsppÄĄpqprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstooÄĄosrvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłqqptprw v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtqopÄĄorstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrvtwÄĄ

U\Ltpwsort pr rMJ

opouotÄĄoptxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowtxÄĄpqtqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^vpustsp pw pMJ

orotpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovssswÄĄoxotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<popuoqJ+pqsusvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<popuoqJ+pqsusvtSI[+L[H prtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ousooqJ+rswqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousooqJ+rswqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<popuoqJ+pqsusvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ousooqJ+rswqtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowortuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

pqruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotopppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HoxrqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?58


qs„@DrrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSqt„@D>[ŃpqO[QLQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]ps„QuquO[+T[bJUrp…OU[:rrP[SH]j\W\PTqs…OU[:tsw…QcHpq/=[.W[Qqs„@Dpp\ƵTXĉs \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoqpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<ourwttJ+rstpt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oproqp ps 

ovtvqtJ+vqsqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊlj[H]\Oj[L<pqqxpqJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<ovqpqsJ+rtrpqvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L

„@[T[9upuptpo pt rMJ

pwssqt„Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvtuġppqoot„Mj[

O^Kqptsr u rMJ

-X[ġpqowtsġoprtoq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqootġpqprov

Ƕ¾pqpquss s sMJ

opquor„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqvsqġpoovox„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqroo(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotowsx\Oj[Lourwtu„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqoss ps (

pwqotvt„Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ourwttJ+rstpt

„OT]pqqtvqs s sMJ

<ovtvqtJ+vqsqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;M\S<\Oj[L<pqrwrtJ+

QþTutssu ps sMJ

-X[ġoptxppġotrpqp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqsqrġoxtxsq„Mj[

Ǐdzqqqsro v pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposqsuġppqtto„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsuruġ

U\Ltpwrxrp pr rMJ

oqqwtqġorsxrv„Mj[(

S[ȉppusqro s rMJ

„9H^vpusqro pw pMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pqqxquJ+pwqprqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovtvrxJ+vrpvtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9

S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[ @^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovtvrxJ+vrpvtSI[+L[HO`V

\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH \Oj[L<pqqxquJ+pwqprqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ourwswJ+

rsstvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqqxquJ+pwqprqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<pqrwswJ+pwsstvtS I[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

ovtvrxJ+vrpvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourwswJ+rsstvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<pqqxquJ+ pwqprqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourwswJ+rsstvtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtvrxJ+vrpvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[ \W\ĭbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ourwswJ+rsstvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pqqxquJ+pwqprqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovtvrxJ+vrpvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotttru„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowoooo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpopurr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[Lpqrqqv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqssqr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lostvpt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovpspx

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxqwrq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppquts„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opouqq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrtrv„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osousw„Mj[( Q[\S33

M[\ď59


qt„@DrrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSqu„@D>[ŃprO[QLQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]pt„QuquO[+T[bJUp„@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTqt…OU[:tsw…QcHpr/=[.W[Qqt„@Dpq\ƵTXĉs \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxsxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ovtursJ+vort„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oqqoru pt 

MS<oqpxtwJ+qqtxt„Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owsvspJ+xxro„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;\UO\Oj[L<

„@[T[9uqwrsv pu rMJ

ouqsto„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovovtoġoxputo„Mj[-X[ġpqowtoġ

O^Kqptttq u rMJ

otowqoġouopqu„Mj[-X[ġoxrrtoġppqooq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pqosvrr s sMJ

oxtxto„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorotsrġosstpv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrqw(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<owsvspJ+xxro„Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LíÊ\OU[:[„O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqtops pt (

ovtursJ+vort„Mj[I[+L[H;S„Wń[<owqtsrJ+rwprqvt„Mj[

„OT]pqrtsqx t pMJ

pqrxpoJ+pwsvt„Mj[I[+L[H\Wĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLorstrqġ

QþTutsuuo ps sMJ

oqpvto„Mj[-X[ġorsrtoġotoxsx„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzqqqpvqt v pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrtoġpoqutu„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxputoġ

U\Ltpwrwrs pr rMJ

osstpvġouqsto„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsvqoġopovtv„Mj[(

S[ȉppurxpx s qMJ

„9H^vpurxpx pv sMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovtusxJ+vppqtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[„O\LSMS<oqpxtqJ+qqtwtoSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑ OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S „QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovtusxJ+vppqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[

O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<

oqpxtqJ+qqtwtoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ovtusxJ+

vppqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<pqrxosJ+pwsutoSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqpxtqJ+

qqtwtoSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owsvrtJ+xxptSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<oqpxtqJ+qqtwto SI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtusxJ+vppqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġ MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owsvrtJ+xxptSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovtusxJ+vppqtSI[+L[HXO[

ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„O\LSMS<oqpxtqJ+qqtwto

SI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owsvrtJ+xxptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Q[\S33

M[\ď60


TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?61


qu„@DrrQ[\S/bS/ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSqv„@D>[ŃpsO[QLQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pu„QuquO[+T[bJUq„@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTqu…OU[:tsw…QcHps/=[.W[Qqu„@Dpr\ƵTXĉs \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxpxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<owsutrJ+xvro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorposx pu 

MS<orsqsoJ+ququtvt„Mj[I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxovqrJ+xtxto„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;\Wĭ\Oj[L

„@[T[9vppstr pv rMJ

oqtqrx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqtpwġowrsou„Mj[-X[ġpqtpsqġ

O^Kqpuspv u sMJ

ouoporġoutspq„Mj[-X[ġoxrrspġpoqutp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pqowsw s sMJ

owrsou„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvpsġpooutt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrtt(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<oxovqrJ+xtxto„Mj[I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊ-L^S[K[„O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orpxtp pu (

owsutrJ+xvro„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆS[\H<oxoottJ+rxsqrt„Mj[

„OT]pqstprr t pMJ

<pqpvqxJ+pvts„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprpoġ

QþTuttorw ps sMJ

orooro„Mj[-X[ġorsrquġotoxpx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzqqqroqr v pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvqqġowsorq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtppoġ

U\Ltpwrvsr pr rMJ

poouttġppsurt„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxoupwġpoqusw„Mj[(

S[ȉppurux s qMJ

„9H^vpurux pv sMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QÊ„O\LSMS<orsqrrJ+ququsoSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxovpvJ+xtxrtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[

„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<orsqrrJ+ququsoSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owsvouJ+xwqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<orsqrrJ+ququsoS

I[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxovpvJ+xtxrtS I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[TX=9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owsvou J+xwqtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxovpvJ+xtxrtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L <owsvouJ+xwqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<orsqrrJ+ququsoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxovpvJ+xtxrtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ 

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotsvss„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovtqow„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoowsp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqsrt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqrurp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lossxqs„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovouqv„Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxqoso„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpppxop„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqtwro„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqvst„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortwtu„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď62


qvÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ptO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/=[.W[QqvÂ&#x201E;@Dps\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SĆ&#x;[LR[Ă&#x160;[-Ç&#x192;^O[>]X\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowsxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxoutwJ+xtwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losoptx pv 

Q[J[L<osrtoxJ+qwrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owttsvJ+xrptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqrsxrq pw rMJ

orsuouÄĄouqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovowrwÄĄovtproÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqpvqqr u sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotovqvÄĄouoosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrrrÄĄpqprpr

ǜžppxrost s rMJ

ovowrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquqrÄĄorouppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppurqtw s qMJ

ouqtstÄĄovsuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswquÄĄotowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsqr(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<owttsvJ+xrptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ortosu pv (

oxoutwJ+xtwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxotoxJ+rxtspt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqtswrv t pMJ

W[K½\Oj[L<pprqoqJ+pupqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTuttsuo ps sMJ

ppqttpÄĄoprsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroopqÄĄotowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłqqqsrqs v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoosoÄĄoutrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqtstÄĄ

U\Ltpwrutw pr rMJ

otovqvÄĄousvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossttwÄĄouqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^vpurqtw pv sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<osrtoqJ+qwrwtvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxoutoJ+xtwqvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L <osrtoqJ+qwrwtvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osrtoqJ+qwrwtvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqps pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owttsoJ+

xrprtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxoutoJ+xtwqvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owttsoJ+xrprtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxouto J+xtwqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<osrtoqJ+qwrwtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owttsoJ+xrprtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxpussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orttooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?63


qwÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;puO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/=[.W[QqwÂ&#x201E;@Dpt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowqoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<owttssJ+xrpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losttop pw 

ostvqtJ+qxrttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owpsqoJ+vsxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wusxqt px rMJ

xpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLoutrrtÄĄoxrrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpvtvrp u sMJ

-X[ÄĄposrosÄĄpqtpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrxrxÄĄotrqtu

ǜžppwtrrw s rMJ

orsqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooussÄĄppsurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsto(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<owpsqoJ+vsxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqsps pw (

owttssJ+xrpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrwsxJ+rwsxqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqustrx t qMJ

\Oj[L<poqpsuJ+prutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<owsvqvJ+

QĂžTuuos ps sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqprpuÄĄoqtrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouquprÄĄovtptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłqqqtuqv v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrxrxÄĄotrqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtxttÄĄ

U\Ltpwruqo pr rMJ

ppsurvÄĄopqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovrrÄĄoqqvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppuqxsv s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpuqxsv pv sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ostvpwJ+qxrtsoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owttrvJ+xrpqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ostvpwJ+qxrtsoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owttrvJ+xrpqvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ostvpwJ+qxrtsoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpsrtJ+vsxtqtS

I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owttrv J+xrpqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owttrvJ+xrpqvtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpsrtJ+vsxtqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owttrvJ+ xrpqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ Q[J[L<ostvpwJ+qxrtsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ \Oj[L<owpsrtJ+vsxtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoutwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxpqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?64


qxÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pvO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/=[.W[QqxÂ&#x201E;@Dpu\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]-Ç&#x192;^O[>]T\QT

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovtrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owpssoJ+vtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottoso px 

<ostottJ+qxqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovotrqJ+stwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqott qo rMJ

I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxtxÄĄpoqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpvso

O^Kqpwqvpu u sMJ

orsqqrÄĄosqtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtrqoÄĄorsusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppwpvso s rMJ

ossusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousurwÄĄowqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtpw(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ovotrqJ+stwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otoprv px (

owpssoJ+vtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovsrqoJ+rurpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqvsqsp t qMJ

owsvswJ+xpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<outpoxJ+sqqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuuttp ps sMJ

ÄĄpqowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprsoxÄĄoqtxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

Ç?Çłqqrxrr v pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprsoxÄĄoqputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorousoÄĄ

U\Ltpwrtsw pr rMJ

poqvowÄĄppsvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppuquru s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpuquru pv sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ostosvJ+qxqoqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<outpopJ+sqptqtSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpsrq J+vsxstSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outpopJ+

sqptqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ostosvJ+qxqoqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpsrqJ+vsxstSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ostosvJ+qxqoqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owpsrqJ+vsxstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ostosvJ+qxqoqqtS

I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpsrqJ+vsxstSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ovotswJ+stwtoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owpsrqJ+vsxstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ostosvJ+qxqoqqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovotswJ+stwtoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoutsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxowtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppovptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?65


roÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pwO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/=[.W[QroÂ&#x201E;@Dpv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ovouptJ+stxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousxow qo 

<ospwowJ+qvtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovouptJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<otrrooJ+pvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xrrupu qp rMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotoupuÄĄovsuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpr

O^Kqpwtpr u sMJ

ÄĄovoxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowrwÄĄoqpusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžppvsrr s rMJ

owrtpqÄĄpooorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopousvÄĄoqoopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppuqrqu s qMJ

owquqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopquswÄĄorouttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtst(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<otrrooJ+pvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otssps qo (

stxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouqqqoJ+rrpopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]pqwrxsq t qMJ

outproJ+sqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<osrtqsJ+twsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuupqqo ps sMJ

ÄĄpqprqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsutvÄĄossoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqvow

Ç?Çłqqrqqsq v qMJ

oqtrrsÄĄorsutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossoqpÄĄotrrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Ltpwrtqr pr rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqowrwÄĄpqtppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousuqqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpuqrqu pv sMJ

ovsvpoÄĄoxovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ospwqrJ+qwopvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outpsrJ+sqrrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ospwqr J+qwopvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L< ospwqrJ+qwopvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ospwqrJ+

qwopvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovouovJ+stxrvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<otrqtrJ+pvqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outpsrJ+sqrrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovouovJ+stxrvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ospwqrJ+qwopvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

otrqtrJ+pvqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovruqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqowtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Loutosq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxostwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpporpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?66


rpÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pxO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:tswÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/=[.W[QrpÂ&#x201E;@Dpw\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovoqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otrrstJ+pxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsxsv qp 

<orqrqtJ+qtsrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orsoqoJ+tuquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpvqptp qq rMJ

tqqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLovsuptÄĄppqoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpxwrw u sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqowrvÄĄoprrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoopÄĄpqprqw

ǜžppvpoo s rMJ

opqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowquqoÄĄpoourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqupr(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<orsoqoJ+tuquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourrow qq (

otrrstJ+pxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<osrxopJ+qwtqsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqxrusq t qMJ

\Oj[L<osruoxJ+twstrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<oqorowJ+

QĂžTuupxro ps sMJ

-X[ÄĄoqooqqÄĄotrsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqvrtÄĄpooossÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłqqrrttr v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrqqÄĄppquooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsustÄĄ

U\Ltpwrts pr rMJ

oqqvpoÄĄorsvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppuqopt s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpuqopt pv sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqrpwJ+qtsrroSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<orsopsJ+tuqusoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrrrvJ+

pxpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<orsopsJ+tuquso

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqrpwJ+qtsrroSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqrpwJ+qtsrroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrrrvJ+pxpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orsopsJ+tuqusoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrrrvJ+pxpvt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqrpwJ+qtsrroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orsopsJ+tuqusoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqostuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqputrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoususvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxopopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqowotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?67


p.V[irrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/=[.W[Qp.X[Spx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s\X@S]

W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x201E;@DrrQ[\S uqutqp /LW[/LW[ J+qsqvqt <pstsSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotourwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<orspotJ+tuqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtotu qq 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpoqpJ+qqsptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwosJ+qrtpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oprpqx

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popqoo qr rMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLorsvrrÄĄouqwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqpxpxsx u sMJ

orspqxÄĄotourwÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototrsÄĄottxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžppurwsp s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpwqoÄĄpoootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorovqtÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppupvs s qMJ

ppsvqoÄĄopovpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louquso(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<oprpqxJ+tptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqwrr qr (

I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orspotJ+tuqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qorrsp t rMJ

J+tptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚS[\H<pppvtuJ+strottÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuuqvqp ps sMJ

ovporvÄĄoxpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowrvÄĄoqpuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłqqrsxv v qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrosÄĄppqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrosÄĄpoqurs

U\Ltpwrstp pr rMJ

ossvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossvssÄĄouqwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^vpupvs pv sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpopsJ+qqspsoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^L

H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpopsJ+qqspsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[ KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LS

MS<oqpopsJ+qqspsoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpopsJ+qqspsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; \Oj[L<oprpsrJ+tpupoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oprpsrJ+tpupoSI[+L[HH[T

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqpopsJ+qqspsoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ \Oj[L<oprpsrJ+tpupoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqopooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lousqtp Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpottqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?68


q.V[irrQ[\S/bS/ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSr.V[i>[ŃqqO[QLQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qr„QuquO[+T[bJUx„@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTq„@Dtsw…QcHqq/=[.W[Qq.X[Sqo\ƵTXĉs\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ S[\H<pppptpJ+stpuro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtoow qr 

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<pqqrqxJ+pwptrt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<pppptpJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H.j^Ɛ[L-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprrxġoqtspw„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

„@[T[9poptqwps qs rMJ

orspprġotoupu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottwswġoutqqp„Mj[

O^Kqpxqsqx u sMJ

owrxqv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtrrqġowruor„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾ppuxpt s qMJ

9[TS[\Hoxovtuġpoqvrx„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvow(

-ƆQ]LíÊUH\PV[\Oj[L<pqsrrxJ+pxtuo„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowqxqr qs (

stpuro„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;Ñ]\H„Wń[<owqropJ+rwpsqt„Mj[

„OT]qproso t rMJ

ouqwroġowruor„Mj[-X[ġpqtpoxġoqtwsq„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTuurttq ps sMJ

-X[ġoxrrooġpoqurr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsttsġ

Ǐdzqqsqqr v qMJ

owquosġpoouqw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoouqwġppsutr„Mj[(

U\Ltpwrsst pr rMJ S[ȉppuprts s qMJ

„9H^vpuprts pv sMJ

O^KO\¾/H/\Oj[L<pooosuJ+ pqpwsvt Ƕ¾O\¾

U\LO\¾5S[\JH/„O\LSMS<orptos J+qtqsrqt

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pqsrrpJ+pxtsoSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzS JU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxtwsoJ+pqpsptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L -bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqqrqqJ+pwptpvtSI[+L[H „QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtwsoJ+pqpsptSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LíÊH\Oj[L<pqsrrpJ+pxtsoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L< pqsrrpJ+pxtsoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqsrrpJ+pxtsoSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[VS[\H<pppqotJ+stpvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pppqotJ+stpvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 

9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<pqqrqqJ+pwptpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqsrrpJ+pxtsoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pppqotJ+stpvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotqopq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovqsrv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxsppo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptvor„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqoxoo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Losqptr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lourwtt„Mj[( KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owtrox„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpotprp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqrotx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoops„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrpqt„Mj[( Q[\S33

M[\ď69


r.V[irrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qrO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qsÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/=[.W[Qr.X[Sqp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owstqsJ+rxpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpostou qs 

\Oj[L<oxqvoxJ+potuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovrotqJ+utqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqxsrrr qt rMJ

orswoxÄĄouqwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovppqsÄĄovtrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqpxqqrq u sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotostwÄĄottwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrqtwÄĄpqprst

ǜžpptspto s qMJ

ovppqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvqvÄĄorovtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppuposr s qMJ

ouqwtvÄĄovswrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsupvÄĄotottsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvrt(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ppovtwJ+ptvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrrqv qt (

oxtxttJ+pqpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owstqsJ+rxppt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqvrx t rMJ

.j^Ć?[LQ[J[L<otqqooJ+rosqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTuustq pt pMJ

ppqupqÄĄoprrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwrpÄĄotottsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłqqsptsp v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwrsÄĄoutqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqwtvÄĄ

U\Ltpwrssu pr rMJ

otostwÄĄoustqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosswqvÄĄouqwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^vpuposr pv sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxtxsvJ+pqpvqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ppovtpJ+ptvpqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxqvqrJ+

potusqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtxsvJ+pqpvqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[  H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppovtpJ+ptvpqtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqps pupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxqvqrJ+potusqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppovtpJ+ptvpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppovtpJ+ptvpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;Ig Q[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owstrxJ+rxppsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(

\Oj[L<oxtxsvJ+pqpvqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppovtpJ+ptvpqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owstrxJ+rxppsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxqvqrJ+potusqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqotosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?70


s.V[irrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSt.V[i>[ŃqsO[QLQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qt„QuquO[+T[bJUpp„@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTs„@Dtsw…QcHqs/=[.W[Qs.X[Sqq\ƵTXĉs\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototrsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ Q[J[L<oupvpoJ+rrppo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprssp qt 

\Oj[L<ovswpsJ+usxqvt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otorooJ+txtuqqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;

„@[T[9pppsqrt qu sMJ

outptxġoxrqtu„Mj[-X[ġpqprtqġoqtssw„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqpxpso u sMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLossqouġotrtst„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossqouġ

Ƕ¾pptpurt s qMJ

poouqvġppsvor„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvorġopqvrw„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwoq(

JUQ]LíÊ1ġSP[ÍMJ\Oj[L<oxqwqoJ+potxt„Mj[I[+L[H„SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lporwqo qu (

ovrpspJ+uvqvt„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<oupvpoJ+rrppo„Mj[

„OT]qrqsru t sMJ

„WgP[;½„O\LSMS<oqpwroJ+qrsro„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTuutstq pt pMJ

ouqxqrġovtspr„Mj[-X[ġposrtqġpqtpou„Mj[(

Ǐdzqqsqxp v qMJ

otrtst„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoqtwqoġorsost„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltpwrstr pr rMJ

9[TS[\Hopovooġoqqurq„Mj[(

S[ȉppuvrq s qMJ

„9H^vpuvrq pv sMJ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<oxqwpqJ+potwstSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<ovswowJ+usxpqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑ

OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrpttJ+uwqtSI[+L[H

O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqv

LíÊH\Oj[L<oxqwpqJ+potwstSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ovswowJ+

usxpqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[„L/\Oj[L<oxqwpqJ+potwstSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovswowJ+usxpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS „íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oupvorJ+rrotqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovrpttJ+uwqtSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxqwpqJ+potwstS I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<

oupvorJ+rrotqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovswowJ+usxpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotpqqp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovpust„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxrrpx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

ppsxpq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqopox„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lospsop„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lourpor„Mj[(KL^ S[\UH„WŁ[owstpv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hposrrw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqqrov„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optqqq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqrrs„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď71


t.V[irrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSu.V[i>[ŃqtO[QLQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qu„QuquO[+T[bJUpq„@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTt„@Dtsw…QcHqt/=[.W[Qt.X[Sqr\ƵTXĉs\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ „O\LSMS<ortpouJ+quturvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqpxop qu 

-\LjL]\Oj[L<oupssuJ+qtuqqt„Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

quturvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqsoppJ+trtxtt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

„@[T[9ppqwqpto qv sMJ

owpxpwJ+wvsqt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxprġ

O^Kqpwtwtx u sMJ

oqtwpo„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Horsorqġosqqts„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ƕ¾ppstrrs s qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorowqxġossxpo„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustovġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwro(

I[+L[H59[JU]LíÊ„SOH]\Oj[L<ovsxosJ+utprqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppsqqo qv (

otosppJ+txtxqo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„O\LSMS<ortpouJ+

„OT]qsqprs t sMJ

„R[;„U[PL\Oj[L<pppuswJ+ptrotqt„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě\Oj[L<

QþTuvtqo pt pMJ

poquru„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpxpvġpqowss„Mj[-X[ġoprrqvġ

Ǐdzqqssqqr v qMJ

\JLoqttosġorswst„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoprrqvġoqptsx„Mj[(

U\Ltpwrtu pr rMJ

owqtsv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpoqwovġppsvrr„Mj[(

S[ȉppusqq s qMJ

„9H^vpusqq pv sMJ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<ovsxpwJ+utqvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<oupsrwJ+qtuqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\U

í\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9 „W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsxpwJ+utqvt

SI[+L[H„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ovsxpwJ+utqvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LíÊH\Oj[L<oupsrwJ+qtuqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovsxpwJ+utqvtS I[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oupsrwJ+qtuqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<

ortpqpJ+qutvptSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovsxpwJ+utqvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ„O\LSMS< ortpqpJ+qutvptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oupsrwJ+qtuqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[ „J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotowqt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovpqsx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxqxqq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

ppstpu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[optvpq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lospoot„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Louqvov„Mj[(KL^ S[\UH„WŁ[owspqp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hporxsq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqpxpo„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opswqu„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpxrv„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď72


u.V[irrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;quO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qvÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/=[.W[Qu.X[Sqs\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bR[\;L]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqrxJ+qppptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqtxox qv 

PSG]\Oj[L<ostpqpJ+txqwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

swqutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owqopoJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opqrvst p sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotosprÄĄovstquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrqtsÄĄpqpsov

O^Kqpwrvsr u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowsvÄĄoqptsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqttqoÄĄ

ǜžppsrqts s qMJ

pooptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovtpÄĄoqoprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;ppuppp s qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqwooÄĄorowsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsxrvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwtv(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<ouptruJ+qtwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqsstw qw (

MS<oprqrxJ+qppptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ooqustJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qtpwro t sMJ

wxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<otrpspJ+pxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

QĂžTuvpuqt pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxosÄĄossqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouropuÄĄovpqrt

Ç?Çłqqsttsv v qMJ

orsxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossqswÄĄotrurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrvprÄĄ

U\Ltpwrtqu pr rMJ

pqowsvÄĄpqtpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousstwÄĄowqtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^vpuppp pv sMJ

oxowtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ouptroJ+qtwpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ostpruJ+txqwuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouptroJ+qtwpqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ostpruJ+txqwuoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouptroJ+qtwpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqrpJ+qppostSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ostpruJ+txqwuoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/

1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqrpJ+qppostSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ouptroJ+qtwpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqrpJ+qppostSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostpruJ+txqwuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovowtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosoupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrvqt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HportsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?73


v.V[irrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qvO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qwÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/=[.W[Qv.X[Sqt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotossqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ppqtsrJ+pttspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprurs

PSG]\Oj[L<ostqptJ+txrorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<orsrov

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pttspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<poqvqsJ+srqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqusutw r pMJ

oqtttvJ+tssoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLovstqpÄĄ

O^Kqpwpors u sMJ

pooqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowtoÄĄoprrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžppspsrv s qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsvqqÄĄopqwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqtspÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxqr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotosoo\Oj[LoxrqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

qw O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsurt qx (

J+turwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ppqtsrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]quptqu t sMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<otrqppJ+ppoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<

QĂžTuvqww pt pMJ

ppqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqopsxÄĄotrutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourosrÄĄ

Ç?Çłqqtxps v qMJ

ppqoqwÄĄpqpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposspwÄĄppqursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpwrttr pr rMJ

poourpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqupqÄĄorstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppttwo s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpttwo pv sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ppqtrtJ+pttrtvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<orsrqqJ+turwtqtSI[+L[HO`V

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppqtrtJ+

pttrtvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orsrqqJ+turwtqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppqtrtJ+

pttrtvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orsrqqJ+turwtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< ppqtrtJ+pttrtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrrtxJ+ppptqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrqotJ+ppopqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppqtrtJ+

pttrtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ \Oj[L<orsrqqJ+turwtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxrrtxJ+ppptqtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovostvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosoqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrro

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?74


w.V[irrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qwO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qxÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/=[.W[Qw.X[Squ\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oxrsrxJ+pppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpqto

\Oj[L<orssopJ+tusoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<oqtspxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsuqsJ+rxpuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pposuqu s pMJ

swtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLorsxspÄĄourpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Kqpvrwp u sMJ

-X[ÄĄorsoooÄĄotosqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorsxÄĄottvrw

ǜžpprtwsv s qMJ

poqustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqoopÄĄpooqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppttssx s qMJ

9[TS[\HppsvswÄĄopoutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxto(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<owortuJ+vrosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[

qx O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqswos ro (

tsrusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxrsrxJ+pppvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qvpqqq u pMJ

owortuJ+vrosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<ooruqwJ+

QĂžTuvsoqv pt pMJ

S[\HovprqqÄĄoxqoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowtsÄĄoqptrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłqqtqqsq v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrqtuÄĄppqorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrqtuÄĄ

U\Ltpwruqt pr rMJ

oroxpxÄĄostopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostopsÄĄourpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^vpttssx pv sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oqtsprJ+tsruqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrstsJ+pppvsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqtsprJ+

tsruqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqtsprJ+tsruqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< oxrstsJ+pppvsqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owospoJ+

vrppvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxrstsJ+pppvsqtSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oqtsprJ+tsruqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owospoJ+vrppvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovopoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxrs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orovsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?75


x.V[irrQ[\S/bS/ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qxO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]roÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/=[.W[Qx.X[Sqv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<owosqxJ+vrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsxrp

oqqwtvJ+trrrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<owosqx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<outwpsJ+ssutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;S[\H<portsp

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqsrrru t pMJ

O[bS[S[\HourprsÄĄowrwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtpoxÄĄoqtvsp

O^Kqpvosr u sMJ

outpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrqtvÄĄpoqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžpprstqt s qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowqtrwÄĄpoourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoourvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louropu(

I[\>\Oj[L<outwpsJ+ssutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortopw rp (

J+vrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<ovqwovJ+ruppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;

Â&#x201E;OT]qwxpw u pMJ

J+srtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsrqÄĄoqtuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuvtrqr pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxtqÄĄotosprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottvrpÄĄ

Ç?Çłqqtrupp v qMJ

ovstpsÄĄowrxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovttttÄĄowrwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpwrvt pr rMJ

ppsvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoxssÄĄpoqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppttprx s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpttprx pv sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovqwooJ+ruotqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqqwtpJ+trrrqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owosqpJ+

vrpstSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovqwooJ+ruotqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<outwroJ+ssvroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV

\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq

qsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqqwtpJ+trrrqqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<oqqwtpJ+trrrqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\L\Oj[L<outwroJ+ssvroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owosqpJ+vrpstSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;

9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<outwroJ+ssvroSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owosqpJ+vrpstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqqwtpJ+trrrqqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outwroJ+ssvroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxprrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouppqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtrx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqorqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orortsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?76


po.V[irrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;roO[QLQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]rpÂ&#x201E;QuquO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHro/=[.W[Qpo.X[Sqw\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<outwqwJ+ssvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqwox

oqroptJ+trrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGL[;\Oj[L<outwqwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ouqopvJ+rpqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owturq

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qwurq u pMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpsovÄĄovtuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqutuÄĄoprrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpupxqu u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrooÄĄpqpssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvqsÄĄ

ǜžpprrsrq s qMJ

opqwswÄĄoroxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotorroÄĄoussrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

S[Č&#x2030;pptswqw s qMJ

-X[ÄĄorstooÄĄotosooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourosr(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<ouqopvJ+rpqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<

rp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostrto p (

ssvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜQ[J[L<ourtsuJ+rrtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]qxupr u pMJ

J+rxsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLortopvÄĄourptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuwutr pt pMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtvruÄĄotosooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorroÄĄottvqs

Ç?Çłqqtsxsr v qMJ

outppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourptxÄĄovpsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltpwrvto pr rMJ

-X[ÄĄostotuÄĄourptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourptxÄĄovtotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^vptswqw pv sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oqroroJ+trrvsvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqroroJ+trrvsvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqroroJ+trrvsvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqorqJ+rpqtqtS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<outwsqJ+ssvuoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ouqorqJ+rpqtqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outwsqJ+ssvuoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqroroJ+trrvsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ouqorqJ+rpqtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxoxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqpsr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?77


pp.V[irrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]p@^LuquO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHp/b=L.W[Qpp.X[Sqx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;s \X@S]Ç?\Äš>[Q[@­L[Ă&#x2DC;]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[I\;S9SLObRgOLJU­LO[bS[Â&#x201E;LbĂ&#x160;[¢WOM^S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ouqopoJ+rpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ospopo

\Oj[L<oropqvJ+tsttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oupqrvJ+qtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqpqst v pMJ

outpptÄĄoxrrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpstpÄĄoqtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqptrtu u rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosssrqÄĄotrwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosssrqÄĄ

ǜžpprqupo s qMJ

poousuÄĄppsvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvtrÄĄopqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpox(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<oupqrvJ+qtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottwqt q (

ouqopoJ+rpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<oupqruJ+rqtrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qporw u qMJ

Ç?OQ[J[L<ovsosxJ+rurrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTuwqotx pt pMJ

ourqqsÄĄovturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposstwÄĄpqtpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłqqurpu v qMJ

otrwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtvrqÄĄorrxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltpwrwsq pr rMJ

9[TS[\HopovoqÄĄoqqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptstpv s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vptstpv pv sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oroppxJ+tsttvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oroppxJ+tsttvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oroppxJ+

tsttvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ouqoqsJ+rpqrqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oupqroJ+qtrt SI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqoqsJ+rpqrqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<oroppxJ+ tsttvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupqroJ+qtrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ouqoqsJ+rpqrqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupqroJ+qtrtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouqoqsJ+

rpqrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oroppxJ+

tsttvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oupqroJ+qtrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouorrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvsv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppttruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?78


pq.V[irrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSpr.V[i>[ŃqØ]KSQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]q@^LuquO[+T[bJUpx„@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTpq„@Dtsw…QcHq/b=L.W[Qpq.X[SpQ^XSSQt\X@S] .\@@;Ň[IÑP^S9[= SI 

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ \Oj[L<oupqoxJ+qtqpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osturw

<osoqrqJ+tvqwqqt„Mj[I[+L[H-bƂV[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

rrpptvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ourtrqJ+rtotqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9rsqtsx w pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxoxġpoqvot„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxqpoqġ

O^Kqpsswsq u rMJ

orrxrqġosqpru„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtutuġortots„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pprqopu s qMJ

ostprv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoussqwġowqtrx„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourprs(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ourtrqJ+rtotqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LíÊM^V½[\Oj[L

q O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovoqsq r (

oupqoxJ+qtqpqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<ouqoorJ+

„OT]qppoq u qMJ

O\G@„R[;O½[<[HQ[J[L<ousxruJ+rsqtto„Mj[I[+L[HXV­G

QþTuwrtrx pt pMJ

pqoxpt„Mj[-X[ġoprrqqġoqtvqx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

Ǐdzqquputo v qMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoprrqqġoqptqu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpoqtġ

U\Ltpwrxsp pr rMJ

poqxqqġppswps„Mj[(

S[ȉpptsqu s qMJ

„9H^vptsqu pv sMJ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<osoqswJ+tvqxqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ \QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<osoqswJ+

tvqxqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oupqoqJ+qtpttSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<osoqswJ+tvqxqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[ 1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupqoqJ+qtpttSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupqoqJ+

qtpttSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourtsvJ+rtproSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L< oupqoqJ+qtpttSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osoqswJ+tvqxqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourtsvJ+rtproSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loustpv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxoptp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpppvss„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[opqxsp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orsqrr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lottxru„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owprto

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpopqpp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpptpso„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqots„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtqou„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrutv„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď79


pr.V[irrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r@^LuquO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qpr.X[SqQ^XSSQt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ourtovJ+rsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otsvtu

osoqovJ+tvqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<otrrrqJ+ppuqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<outwroJ+rsswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovqxovJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpvpqpt x pMJ

I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotorppÄĄovstpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpqÄĄ

O^Kqpspqo u rMJ

ovptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxqqÄĄoqptquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžpprputo s pMJ

owrxpuÄĄpoorpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxpqÄĄoqorpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptrwtu s qMJ

owqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqxqvÄĄorposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourptx(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ovqxovJ+usuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<

r O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howosqv s (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG;S\Oj[L<ourtovJ+rsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]qpptutv u qMJ

usuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L<ouqqtpJ+rrpxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuwtotq pt pMJ

pqptpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortppqÄĄosstpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrpqÄĄ

Ç?Çłqquroqu v qMJ

oqtvpqÄĄortppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosstpqÄĄotrxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Ltpwsosu pr rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqoxqqÄĄpqtpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoussquÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^vptrwtu pv sMJ

ovtqooÄĄoxposvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otrrsvJ+ppusoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otrrsvJ+ppusoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

otrrsvJ+ppusoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<otrrsvJ+ppusoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourstwJ+rsxqvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqwtxJ+ussoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourstwJ+rsxqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otrrsvJ+ppusoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqwtxJ+ussoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouspqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppprswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotttspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxtt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoowpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opputwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqswpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?80


ps.V[irrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s@^LuquO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qps.X[SrQ^XSSQt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovqwpxJ+uquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousrqq t 

otrrovJ+pptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L<ovrpppJ+upoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<owotqrJ+rvrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owsxpwJ+xqtrqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqxssrw x sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovstprÄĄppqpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqorquÄĄotrxrs

O^Kqprpst u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpqpÄĄpqptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpostrpÄĄ

ǜžpprptto s pMJ

owqtstÄĄpoovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqttuÄĄorssrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqqs(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<owsxpwJ+xqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxopqo t (

I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovqwpxJ+uquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpqtrtp u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<oupwtpJ+rrxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

QĂžTuxurw pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrruÄĄpoorrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxqxÄĄoprrqv

Ç?Çłqqusss v rMJ

ppqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswqqÄĄopqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltpwsptv pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pptrtst s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vptrtst pv sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txqqvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otrqtxJ+ppssoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovrpqvJ+upottSI[+L[H\W+X S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otrqtxJ+ppssoSI[+L[H\QI^L \W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopppr

ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrqtxJ+ppssoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ovrpqvJ+upottSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[

1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otrqtxJ+ppssoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ovqwppJ+uqsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrpqvJ+upottS I[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsxpqJ+xqtpvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqwpp J+uqsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsxpqJ+xqtpvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrqtxJ+ppssoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqwppJ+uqsoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovrpqvJ+upottSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owsxpqJ+xqtpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppoxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owottx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoosqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?81


pt.V[irrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;tĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]t@^LuquO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHt/b=L.W[Qpt.X[SsQ^XSSQt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owswpqJ+xqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousrqq t 

O[TO\Oj[L<owswpqJ+xqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxrvrpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLortpswÄĄourrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spqstw po sMJ

orrxqqÄĄotorpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorotÄĄottvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpqqwt u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqpswÄĄpoorstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorppptÄĄ

ǜžpprpvpt s pMJ

ppswrwÄĄopovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqsw(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<ovroquJ+uwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxopqo t (

spqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<ourrttJ+rrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qprtost u rMJ

ovpttuÄĄoxqpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxruÄĄoqptqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTuxqqtv pt pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrqrÄĄppqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrqrÄĄpoqvqu

Ç?Çłqqutvsq v rMJ

ostqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostqrvÄĄourrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltpwsrps pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pptrqrs s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vptrqrs pv sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovropwJ+uwqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxtoqpJ+pptwptSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovropwJ+uwqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqp qqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtoqpJ+pptwptSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[H

H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovropwJ+uwqtSI[+L[H<S W[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owswotJ+xqqroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtoqpJ+pptwptS I[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porpoqJ+prrxtvtSI[+L[H<S

W[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxtoqpJ+pptwptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

porpoqJ+prrxtvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owswotJ+xqqroSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<porpoqJ+prrxtvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovropwJ+uwqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owswotJ+xqqroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxtoqpJ+pptwptSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT

/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<porpoqJ+prrxtvtS

I[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqor Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoooqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?82


pu.V[irrQ[\S/bS/ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]u@^LuquO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHu/b=L.W[Qpu.X[StQ^XSSQt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<porooqJ+prrvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovspox u 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<porooqJ+prrvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovosowJ+rtqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLpqptstÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqspttq pp sMJ

oqtvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxqpÄĄotorppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kqppssqs u qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovstpxÄĄowrxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtwpqÄĄ

ǜžpprqpp s qMJ

poovpvÄĄppswsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpprsÄĄporopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrpq(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oxsxooJ+pptstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtptx u (

S[\H<ppqvpvJ+suortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]qpssvrx u rMJ

oqtwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoursqpÄĄowsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtprxÄĄ

QĂžTuxrxsv pt pMJ

ottvowÄĄoutppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqxÄĄpoqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłqqvppqq v rMJ

owsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqttrÄĄpoovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltpwssrw pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pptqxqr s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vptqxqr pv sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxsxpsJ+ppttqvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovosopJ+rtqqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<

ovosopJ+rtqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxsxpsJ+ppttqvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsxpsJ+ppttqvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqxttJ+prrvpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L< oxsxpsJ+ppttqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poqxttJ+prrvpoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqxttJ+prrvpoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxsxpsJ+ppttqvtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<poqxttJ+prrvpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[; M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppoqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwou Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opotpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?83


pv.V[irrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;vĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]v@^LuquO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHv/b=L.W[Qpv.X[SuQ^XSSQt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pqqtrtJ+pwquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrxpo v 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pqqtrtJ+pwquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rurwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLortqqrÄĄourssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tuqoqu pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvqvÄĄotorovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotororÄĄ

O^Kqpprtx u qMJ

ottvoxÄĄoutppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourssrÄĄovpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpprqvt s qMJ

oussroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostrpuÄĄourssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourssrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrru(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<pqqppuJ+pwptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporupt v (

opquqvJ+totwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LQ[J[L<ovsqpvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qptssrr u rMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpurvÄĄovtwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvtwÄĄoprrrx

QĂžTuxtvx pt pMJ

ottvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrruÄĄpqpttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłqqvqtr v rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoproqoÄĄorppswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotororÄĄ

U\Ltpwsuw pr rMJ

ovtrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssrsÄĄotorovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptqupr s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vptqupr pv sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pqqprpJ+pwpupoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqqprpJ+ pwpupoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pqqprpJ+pwpupoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<pqqprpJ+ pwpupoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqqtqwJ+pwquqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

pqqtqwJ+pwquqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ \JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqqprpJ+pwpupoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

pqqtqwJ+pwquqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtspo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?84


pw.V[irrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;wĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]w@^LuquO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHw/b=L.W[Qpw.X[SvQ^XSSQt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqttoJ+qrqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrtsr w 

\>Ă&#x160;[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqttoJ+qrqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+rwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpqoÄĄoxrrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpwqqq pr rMJ

-X[ÄĄposupuÄĄpqtptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossuswÄĄotsotu

O^Kqpoqvsr u qMJ

orrxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovrsÄĄppsxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrtx(

I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwpsJ+qssvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppstu w (

<orqtptJ+ttttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqpt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpuspqv u sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpuowÄĄoqtwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtosÄĄovtwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupoptp pt qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossuswÄĄotsotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtvqxÄĄ

Ç?Çłqqvrwst v rMJ

ppsxosÄĄoprorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovrtÄĄoqquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpprrtqs s qMJ

U\Ltpwsvst pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pptqrq s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vptqrq pv sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwqxJ+qsswrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L

O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqtwqxJ+qsswrtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtsrJ+qrqusoS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwqxJ+qsswrtS

I[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtsrJ+qrqusoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtsrJ+qrqusoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <oqtwqxJ+qsswrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotruopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtops Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxswruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?85


px.V[irrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;xĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x@^LuquO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHx/b=L.W[Qpx.X[SwQ^XSSQt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotororO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osqpotJ+qwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporoop x 

Q[J[L<osqpotJ+qwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otpsqqJ+oqwt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxsrÄĄpoqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqqsvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uoqspu ps rMJ

orrxqqÄĄosqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtwswÄĄortqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqxtuqq u pMJ

ostrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoussrwÄĄowqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loursqp(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Q[J[L<otroprJ+rpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppsxpx x (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtuqwJ+rxsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;OT]qpvrwqp u sMJ

pqpooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrtoÄĄoqtvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

QĂžTuporrqs pt qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprrtoÄĄoqptspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpqqoÄĄ

Ç?Çłqqvtqqw v rMJ

porosvÄĄppsxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpprsttu s qMJ

U\Ltpwsxqv pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pptpxtp s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vptpxtp pv sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otrootJ+rpvroSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrootJ+rpvroSI[+L[Hp rtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<

osqotvJ+qwpssoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqotvJ+qwpssoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Q[J[L<osqotvJ+qwpssoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsupx Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxssspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?86


qo.V[irrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;poĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po@^LuquO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/b=L.W[Qqo.X[SxQ^XSSQ t\X@S]\NS[SI

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotororO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ouopttJ+rqqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqqox po 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otprqoJ+oqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ouoptt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­S[\H<oxpwroJ+sorwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upqroru pt qMJ

-X[ÄĄortrpsÄĄossvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtstÄĄovpvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqxroro u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvqsÄĄotsprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsppqÄĄpoostp

ǜžpprtwrt s qMJ

pqtqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousssrÄĄowqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourssr(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Q[J[L<ovswowJ+rutqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqosr po (

J+rqqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oustowJ+spstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpwrtpt u sMJ

\JLotorowÄĄovstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsopÄĄpqpurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupotqpu pt qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpopwÄĄoqptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtxorÄĄortrps

Ç?Çłqqwupq v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopposqÄĄoqostrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpopwÄĄ

U\Ltpwtppu pr rMJ

oprpopÄĄorpqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtspoÄĄoxpqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptpuso s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vptpuso pv sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ovswopJ+rutqpqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovswopJ+rutqpqtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

Q[J[L<ovswopJ+rutqpqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouoqppJ+rqqvrvt

SI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otprpqJ+oqtpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ouoqppJ+rqqvrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovswopJ+rutqpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowroqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orppouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqqs Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osotroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?87


qp.V[irrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^LuquO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/b=L.W[Qqp.X[SpoQ^XSSQ t\X@S]UjL59[JU]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SUjL>H^­Q[W½Ă&#x201C;H-9S[ Q^W\TQMSO.\@QXSQ.ÇśS[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotororO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovqppqJ+rtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqpqsr pp 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oussowJ+spqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovqppq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½S[\H<oxqrpsJ+sototÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqsssqr pu qMJ

ouruosÄĄpootosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoqwÄĄoprsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqxport u pMJ

ppqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxrwÄĄoprpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtos(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[S[\H<oxssowJ+spsqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtoqv pp (

J+rtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovtpquJ+voqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]qpxrqx u sMJ

ovstsvÄĄppqqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqotovÄĄotsptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTupppprv pt qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqrrÄĄpqpussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposutqÄĄ

Ç?Çłqqwpxtv v rMJ

owquqtÄĄpoowoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqupxÄĄorssspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppsprpx s qMJ

U\Ltpwtrpp pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pptprro s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vptprro pv sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovqpotJ+rtsssqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<oxssooJ+spspuoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ovqpotJ+rtsssqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L

9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

oxssooJ+spspuoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovqpotJ+rtsssqtS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ S[\H<oxssooJ+spspuoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovqpotJ+rtsssqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H <oxssooJ+spspuoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovqpotJ+rtsssqtSI[+L[H

M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <oussqqJ+spqttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqpotJ+rtsssqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxssooJ+spspuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouoxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrwqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqstrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?88


qq.V[irrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^LuquO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/b=L.W[Qqq.X[Spp Q^XSSQt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owprovJ+rvtsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqso pq 

-L^S[K[S[\H<ppprqxJ+stqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owqwpsJ+wrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vvwrr pv qMJ

ÄĄouruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwpoÄĄoxqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqporv

O^Kqwtutu u pMJ

otorpwÄĄottvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrspxÄĄppqqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppsros s qMJ

pootpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorprovÄĄostsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtqt(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorpw\Oj[LoxrspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oppxst pq (

ovtoqvJ+utvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owprovJ+rvtsrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqoqxr v pMJ

ÇśPS[\H<oxouqsJ+sovstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLortrsu

QĂžTupprpqv pt qMJ

ÄĄoqpttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxrqÄĄotorotÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłqqwrrsq v rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrspxÄĄpoqwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqrroÄĄ

U\Ltpwttpq pr rMJ

ostsstÄĄouruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsxssÄĄopowosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptpopx s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vptpopx pv sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<ppprqqJ+stqtpoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppprqqJ+stqtpoSI[+L[Hp

qsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owprqqJ+rvttpoSI[+L[HP[H

H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppprqqJ+stqtpoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owprqqJ+rvttpo SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owprqqJ+rvttpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ovtospJ+utwqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owprqqJ+rvttpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<ppprqqJ+stqtpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ororptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrsrq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqspruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?89


qr.V[irrQ[\S/bS/ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSqs.V[i>[ŃprØ]KSQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pr@^LuquO[+T[bJUro„@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTqr„@Dtsw…QcHpr/b=L.W[Qqr.X[SpqQ^XSSQt \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ „Wń[<owrtppJ+rwsxqvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[optroq pr 

Q_T[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<owqwooJ+wrpro„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„Wń[<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@„R[;Ƕ¾„Wń[<owqtqwJ+rwqtpo„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ

„@[T[9vpxstrp pw pMJ

owsptw„Mj[-X[ġpqtqrrġoqtvtp„Mj[-X[ġorrxrvġ

O^Kqwsxsu u pMJ

oxrsroġpoqwsr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsuorġowsopu„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppsswst s qMJ

poowqr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoowqrġpptooq„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtst(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊ„@½Ɗ[\Oj[L<ooprooJ+svtrsqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opsxto pr (

owrtppJ+rwsxqvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owrsqxJ+wsvqt„Mj[

„OT]qqpqttv v pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpvoxġoqtxsw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houruspġ

QþTupptpst pt qMJ

otorow„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottvrvġoutpto„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzqqwsvqx v rMJ

9^\T9S[\Howoopqġowsptw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqusrġ

U\Ltpwtvpx pr rMJ

oxprpwġporpru„Mj[(

S[ȉpptvw s qMJ

„9H^vptvw pv sMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<oopqtrJ+svtrqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oopqtrJ+svtrqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9

S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oopqtrJ+ svtrqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[TX=9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„Wń[<

owrtosJ+rwsxpoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oopqtrJ+svtrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[ 8L[bL/„Wń[<owrtosJ+rwsxpoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

owqvtqJ+wrppoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„Wń[<owrtosJ+rwsxpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oopqtrJ+svtrqtSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Louoqor„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowpwrv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lporsqx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqsuqv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqtxpw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotpuqp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovroru „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxqwtu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppowqs„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqrvrx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqowtq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortrsr„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď90


qs.V[irrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;psĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ps@^LuquO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x201E;@DrrP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHps/b=L.W[Qqs.X[SprQ^XSSQt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqttwJ+rwquvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsstu ps 

9SG;S\Oj[L<owrspsJ+wsusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹQ[J[L<ovqoosJ+rtspqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqrvt px pMJ

owooqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxprÄĄoprsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvtwÄĄ

O^Kqwsxw u pMJ

oxrssoÄĄpqpvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvstÄĄoutptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpptxqo s qMJ

orprruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotorrpÄĄoustpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosttpv

S[Č&#x2030;pptrtv s qMJ

orsstuÄĄotorpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louruos(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<oosptsJ+sxtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqptw ps (

owqttwJ+rwquvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owoxsuJ+vstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqqqtq v pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLortspuÄĄourutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwsrÄĄ

QĂžTupqpqro pt qMJ

otorpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorrpÄĄottvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłqqxppt v rMJ

9^\T9S[\HourutwÄĄovpwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprpttÄĄ

U\Ltpwtxrr pr rMJ

ÄĄourutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourutwÄĄovttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^vptrtv pv sMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txqpvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oosqoxJ+sxupqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oosqoxJ+sxupqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqttpJ+

rwqttoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owrsouJ+wsuqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqttpJ+rwqttoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpororrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqttqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovquso Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpposqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqostuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?91


qt.V[irrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSqu.V[i>[ŃptØ]KSQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]pt@^LuquO[+T[bJUp.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTqt„@Dtsw…QcHpt/b=L.W[Qqt.X[SpsQ^XSSQt \X@S]ǏdzM_\G­Q[

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovsuqxJ+rusvqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorrxpx pt 

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<owoxtsJ+vstrt„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovsuqx

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„9gTO„R[;/ŃQ[J[L<ottorsJ+rptvpt„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H

„@[T[9wptsspt qo pMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourvpsġowoosr„Mj[-X[ġposvsoġpqtqtq

O^Kqwttr u pMJ

ġotsroo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoqtwotġorrxsx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾pptrpss s qMJ

9[TS[\Hopowrpġoqqusv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louruqr(

Ñ\HMJLíÊM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<oospsqJ+sxssqt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqtvrt pt (

J+rusvqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovpuptJ+trpt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]qqrpxsv v pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqowġoxrstp„Mj[-X[ġpqpvrsġoroopv

QþTupqrrsq pt qMJ

„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosswstġotsroo„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosswst

Ǐdzqqxptr v rMJ

poowstġpptoqv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptoqvġoprqox„Mj[(

U\Ltpxptq pr rMJ S[ȉpptosv s qMJ

„9H^vptosv pv sMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<oosptvJ+sxtqoSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovpuroJ+trpsqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U …OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovsuss J+rusvsoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpuroJ+

trpsqtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oosptvJ+sxtqoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH XO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<ovsussJ+rusvsoSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oosptvJ+sxtqoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/

QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oosptvJ+sxtqoSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<

ovsussJ+rusvsoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owoxsuJ+vstptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovsussJ+rusvsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oosptvJ+sxtqoSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lottspo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowposs„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqurw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqrwrt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqtpqu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotowqx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqqsr „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxqpot„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppoorq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqqxsv„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqootx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsttq„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď92


qu.V[irrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^LuquO[+T[bJUq.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/b=L.W[Qqu.X[Spt Q^XSSQt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ourxspJ+rrtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrusw pu 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovpusvJ+trqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwsuJ+qvpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqxvpo qp pMJ

oxqsqsÄĄpqpppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprssuÄĄoqtwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqxvqr u pMJ

ortssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprssuÄĄoqpuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžppttttr s qMJ

9[TS[\HporqpqÄĄpptoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourusp(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<oopstqJ+svtvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrwox pu (

ourxspJ+rrtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ottutpJ+qpqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqspusq v qMJ

I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLowsoswÄĄpoqxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTupqttqp pt qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorrxtvÄĄosqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroorpÄĄ

Ç?Çłqqxqwto v rMJ

orpsotÄĄosttsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustrqÄĄowqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpxspv pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppstvru s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpstvru pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovpurxJ+trqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ooptotJ+svtvsqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U

Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpurxJ+

trqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooptotJ+svtvsqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooptotJ+svtvsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ourxttJ+rsoptSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ooptotJ+svtvsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ourxttJ+rsopt SI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovpurxJ+trqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ourxttJ+rsoptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ooptotJ+svtvsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowouswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpwsv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?93


qv.V[irrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv@^LuquO[+T[bJUr.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/b=L.W[Qqv.X[Spu Q^XSSQt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<otowsvJ+ropptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotrvpt pv 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ottvqsJ+qprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tvturqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsutoJ+qpsvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpqstps qq pMJ

oxrtptÄĄpqpvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortstxÄĄossxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqxqup u pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoroossÄĄortstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxpsÄĄotsrqx

ǜžppuqpss s qMJ

oqouqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqppqxÄĄpqtrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppstsqt s qMJ

9[TS[\HovtttwÄĄoxpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourutw(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[S[\H<ppqsrvJ+sttprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqtor pv (

otowsvJ+ropptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ospsswJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqtprrv v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotosooÄĄovsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTuprpvqt pt qMJ

ourvssÄĄovpxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppqxÄĄoqpurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłqqxsqrx v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsqtsÄĄpoouqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqpsÄĄ

U\Ltpxusw pr rMJ

oustsrÄĄowqvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprqrtÄĄorpspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^vpstsqt pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<ppqstqJ+sttqpoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottvpuJ+qprpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppqstqJ+

sttqpoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otowsoJ+roppsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otowso J+roppsoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottvpuJ+qprpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ Q[J[L<otowsoJ+roppsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<ppqstqJ+sttqpoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowoqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotoorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpstp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxprpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?94


qw.V[irrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^LuquO[+T[bJUs.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/b=L.W[Qqw.X[Spv Q^XSSQt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvqqJ+qtrqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lourxqs pw 

UH\PV[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osptsqJ+tvtwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tqtttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<pppvrvJ+ptrrrt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqurutx qr pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovsutvÄĄppqrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqousrÄĄotsrsr

O^Kqxtosr u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrtvÄĄpqpwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwptÄĄ

ǜžppusxpr s rMJ

owqvrwÄĄpooxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqvpsÄĄorstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvps(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[S[\H<poptqoJ+sqtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpxoo pw (

MS<orpvqqJ+qtrqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqpsstJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qquporr v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<owrrtoJ+wsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½

QĂžTuprrxtu pt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvtwÄĄpoourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppsoÄĄoprtou

Ç?Çłqqxtuqv v rMJ

ppqxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptpotÄĄoprqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltpxxqt pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppstpps s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpstpps pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pppvqxJ+ptrrptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<poptprJ+sqtvrtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pppvqxJ+ptrrpt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poptprJ+sqtvrtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poptprJ+sqtvrtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvpuJ+qtrqsqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<pppvqxJ+ptrrptSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvpuJ+qtrqsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poptprJ+sqtvrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpotu Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxoxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?95


qx.V[irrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px@^LuquO[+T[bJUt.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/b=L.W[Qqx.X[Spw Q^XSSQt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxswJ+qoprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsotq px 

M_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxswJ+qoprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

owrsssJ+wsttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<otsoroJ+pqxsqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poposopv qs qMJ

ovpxtsÄĄoxqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpptpÄĄoqputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqpoqppu u qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrtrxÄĄppqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrtrxÄĄpoqxtt

ǜžppvpwpv s rMJ

ostuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostuqwÄĄourwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvro(

I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtppxJ+rxqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loupxqs qo (

\Oj[L<ooopopJ+svqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]qqvvro v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLorttquÄĄourwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTupsqtp pt rMJ

orsoqsÄĄotorsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosqsÄĄottwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłropopu v sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqtopÄĄpooussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpsssÄĄ

U\Ltpxpqw pr rMJ

pptpooÄĄopoxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppssws s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpssws pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;S��&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtprrJ+rxqvtqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrsrvJ+wstrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtprr J+rxqvtqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtprrJ+

rxqvtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[ <owtprrJ+rxqvtqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxsoJ+qoprpoSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<posxrvJ+psqqroSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrsrvJ+wstrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxsoJ+qoprpoS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtprrJ+

rxqvtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<posxrvJ+psqqroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovttopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovovop Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxotqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orroovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?96


ro.V[irrQ[\S/bS/ru\ÊM^S[ŕrvqv9T½[ŕ„WgSrp.V[i>[ŃqoØ]KSQ[X[tswU9[ŕuwr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qo@^LuquO[+T[bJUu.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTro„@Dtsw…QcHqo/b=L.W[Qro.X[SpxQ^XSSQt \X@S]Ø]L[;MčQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<potosqJ+psqtpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howrwtp qo 

W\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊM_O­P[ÍMJQ[J[L<ovpvrtJ+rtrqqt„Mj[

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H;SS[\H<oxrvruJ+spqqqvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

„@[T[9poqstqqp qt qMJ

J+prqt„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL\Oj[L<oqsoqqJ+trtwsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O^Kqpotvqs u qMJ

owsrrp„Mj[-X[ġpqtrstġoqtwtq„Mj[-X[ġorsortġ

Ƕ¾ppvswtp s rMJ

oxrttqġporoow„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvqqġowsprv„Mj[(

S[ȉppssstr s qMJ

pooxsv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooxsvġpptpro„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvss(

VƊ]\Oj[L<owqrquJ+wpuqvt„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqsow qp (

I[+L[H1ġSP[ÍMJ9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<potosqJ+psqtpqt„Mj[

„OT]qqwsqu v rMJ

owqrquJ+wpuqvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;„WgP[;½\Oj[L<otspqv

QþTupsqupp pt rMJ

-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpwrwġoropqr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourwqrġ

Ǐdzroqst v sMJ

otosoo„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottwtqġoutrov„Mj[-X[ġ

U\Ltpxpstv pr rMJ

9^\T9S[\Howopswġowsrrp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwosġ

„9H^vpssstr pv sMJ

oxpssvġporqtx„Mj[(

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovpvqvJ+rtrqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[

L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otspqoJ+prpsvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[

<[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovpvqvJ+rtrqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHQ[J[L<ovpvqvJ+rtrqtS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L XO[„L/Q[J[L<ovpvqvJ+rtrqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ

\ƻM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovpvqvJ+rtrqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<owqrspJ+wpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<potortJ+psqsttSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqrspJ+wpvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otspqoJ+prpsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<potortJ+

psqsttSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovpvqvJ+rtrqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owqrspJ+

wpvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotrsrp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovtpos„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpooutw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqpwtu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqrpsw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losswto„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovorot

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxopqt„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hposots„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqpoox„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opspqp„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqupq„Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\ď97


rp.V[irrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp@^LuquO[+T[bJUv.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x201E;@DtswÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/b=L.W[Qrp.X[SqoQ^XSSQt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<owqssuJ+wpxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrpqs qp 

Q[J[L<otrwotJ+rpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otttopJ+qsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppxpor qu qMJ

ourwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqopvÄĄowoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprorqÄĄ

O^Kqpprwto u qMJ

otostpÄĄottxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruouÄĄpqpwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppwqotq s rMJ

ovqopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprrquÄĄorptoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppsspsq s qMJ

ourwrtÄĄovtusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsttxÄĄotosppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtw(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<otttopJ+qsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowroqp qq (

owqssuJ+wpxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovoxtrJ+rtpqrt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqxpqr v rMJ

S[\H<pprvqrJ+suqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLortttoÄĄ

QĂžTupssxtt pt rMJ

oprtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxosÄĄotosppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłrorvts v sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLottxouÄĄoutrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourwrtÄĄ

U\Ltpxpvtq pr rMJ

otostpÄĄousursÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostutqÄĄourwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^vpsspsq pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otrwqoJ+rpqrsqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqsrxJ+wpxroSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrwqoJ+

rpqrsqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L< otrwqoJ+rpqrsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owqsrxJ+

wpxroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqsrxJ+wpxroSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

otttptJ+qtqoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owqsrxJ+wpxroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otrwqoJ+rpqrsqtSI[+L[H

\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otttptJ+ qtqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpooroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqptooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutxox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqouprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?98


rq.V[irrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq@^LuquO[+T[bJUw.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTp.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/b=L.W[Qrq.X[SqpQ^XSSQt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ottuqpJ+qwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopwov qq 

ortwrvJ+qvprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGOO\Oj[L<ottuqpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<orqxouJ+tttxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqrqxtv qv rMJ

oxrupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpxorÄĄoropsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwstÄĄ

O^Kqpqqtpv u qMJ

ostopuÄĄotssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostopuÄĄotssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppwtspw s rMJ

pptptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptptuÄĄoprrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpp(

\Oj[L<orqxouJ+tttxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrtsq qr (

qwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ossqppJ+qxqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]qqxtwqp v rMJ

owrtouJ+rwsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoutrruÄĄ

QĂžTuptpsq pt rMJ

owoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposxooÄĄpqtsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłrotpsr v sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtxpuÄĄorsotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopopsÄĄ

U\Ltpxqotq pr rMJ

opoxsvÄĄoqqvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppsrwrp s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpsrwrp pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwrpJ+qvprroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ossqorJ+qxqqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottupsJ+qvsvt

SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ossqorJ+qxqqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwrpJ+qvprroSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< ortwrpJ+qvprroSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ottupsJ+

qvsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottupsJ+qvsvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<orqxooJ+tttxqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< ottupsJ+qvsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwrpJ+qvprroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orqxooJ+tttxqtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louttpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?99


pX[7LrrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qr@^LuquO[+T[bJUx.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTq.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/b=L.W[QpU[7LqqQ^XSSQt \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rp.V[irrQ[\S uquuqp I[+>[ J+pssrqt <tsuSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<orrootJ+tupstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotxsu qr 

MS<oqqrqxJ+qrptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qrqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<opoxspJ+topoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ovswqu p rMJ

ototqrÄĄoutrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporosvÄĄopprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqprpuqx u qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortupqÄĄotsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroptwÄĄ

ǜžppxqxt s rMJ

orptrpÄĄostvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousvosÄĄowqwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqr(

LOQ]\Oj[L<opoxspJ+topoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lporxou qs (

orrootJ+tupstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpwqwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rottqo v sMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;K`\HQ[J[L<otrvppJ+rppxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTuptrwrr pt rMJ

ovqorvÄĄoxqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprotsÄĄoqpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłrptrq v sMJ

ortupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopruorÄĄoqpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltpxqrtw pr rMJ

9[TS[\HporrrrÄĄpptpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppsrtqo s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpsrtqo pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqrqqJ+qrpstvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqqrqqJ+qrpstvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqrqqJ+qrpstvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opoxrsJ+toxstSI[+L[H9T\QU[9

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpwsqJ+qrrpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqrqqJ+ qrpstvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<opoxrsJ+toxstSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutppv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?100


qX[7LrrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs@^LuquO[+T[bJUpo.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTr.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/b=L.W[QqU[7LqrQ^XSSQt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<ppopsxJ+sstoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprvto qs 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pqosqvJ+pvqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qsprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLovswqoÄĄporpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqqqs q rMJ

O[bS[S[\HourxorÄĄovqosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqttuÄĄpprpot

O^Kqpspqw u rMJ

oqovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqsxÄĄpqtsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpqotx s sMJ

9[TS[\HovtvpuÄĄoxptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrt(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<pqtvqqJ+pxrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppsosp qt (

ppopsxJ+sstoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvpoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rptqpw v sMJ

-X[ÄĄopprsqÄĄoroqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortuqqÄĄotsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupurqu pt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopruptÄĄoqtxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopprsqÄĄ

Ç?Çłrppxqo v sMJ

ousvqoÄĄowqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprsoqÄĄorptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpxqvx pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppsrqpo s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpsrqpo pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<pqtvptJ+pxrwtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<ppopspJ+sstoqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ S[\H<ppopsp J+sstoqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq

prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqtvptJ+pxrwtvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqtvptJ+pxrwtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqtvptJ+pxrwtvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

ppopspJ+sstoqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqosqoJ+pvqusoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pqtvptJ+pxrwtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<ppopspJ+sstoqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqorpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousvqo Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owstsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?101


rX[7LrrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;quĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt@^LuquO[+T[bJUpp.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTs.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/b=L.W[QrU[7LqsQ^XSSQt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9[\Q9[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<oxoxquJ+sowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqprtu qt 

9SGOO\Oj[L<poorswJ+pqqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxoxqu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<pqoxosJ+pvrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9puvrs r rMJ

-X[ÄĄorturqÄĄotsstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqotsÄĄoxquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqptpptx u rMJ

orturqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxquotÄĄposxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžpqosqqw s sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptqrsÄĄoprsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqxpuÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwst(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<ppsstvJ+purvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqsppu qu (

J+sowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owqoqxJ+wtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rqsxpw v sMJ

\JLotottwÄĄoutsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvoqÄĄppqtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupuqwsq pt rMJ

-X[ÄĄopruqwÄĄototovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowouÄĄ

Ç?Çłrprrx v sMJ

ppqtqvÄĄpqpxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposxrrÄĄpprppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpxroqu pr rMJ

popottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqwrwÄĄorsutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppsqwtx s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpsqwtx pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ppsstoJ+purvpoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<potoqxJ+psqoroSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poorsoJ+pqqsptS I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsstoJ+purvpoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

potoqxJ+psqoroSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potoqxJ+psqoroSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppsstoJ+ purvpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<oxoxsoJ+soxptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

oxoxsoJ+soxptSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poorsoJ+pqqsptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppsstoJ+purvpoS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxoxsoJ+soxptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potoqxJ+psqoroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousrqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owspsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?102


sX[7LrrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu@^LuquO[+T[bJUpq.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTt.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/b=L.W[QsU[7LqtQ^XSSQt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovrvruJ+rupwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqsxsp qu 

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<potppuJ+psqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rupwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovooroJ+sssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqoqv s sMJ

ovsotoJ+uqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtstuÄĄ

O^Kqpuptst u rMJ

oppsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrvpuÄĄporpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpqpqotx s sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostvrxÄĄourxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptqqoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwts(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotoupv\Oj[LoxrvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opspts qv (

\Oj[L<owqpowJ+wvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovrvruJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rrsupw w pMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<oxsuovJ+pprxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<

QĂžTuputsqo pt sMJ

oroopoQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotoupvÄĄoutssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporpqwÄĄ

Ç?Çłrpsutv v sMJ

oxqupsÄĄpoovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpuopÄĄostvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpxrrsx pr rMJ

opportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppsqtsw s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpsqtsw pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<potpowJ+psqqvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovooqsJ+sssroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

popxqxJ+prqpqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqpopJ+wutoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[  \Oj[L<ovooqsJ+sssroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S

prtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potpowJ+psqqvtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqo

qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<popxqxJ+prqpqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potpowJ+psqqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<popxqxJ+

prqpqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovrvtoJ+rupwtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrvtoJ+

rupwtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqpopJ+wutoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potpowJ+ psqqvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrvtoJ+rupwtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<popxqxJ+prqpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LppttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqowpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourxqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?103


tX[7LrrQ[\S/bS/ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv@^LuquO[+T[bJUpr.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTu.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/b=L.W[QtU[7LquQ^XSSQt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ouroprJ+rrqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqurx

.Ă?­[9SG;S\Oj[L<ovootoJ+sstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<ovsppoJ+uquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qrsrqr t sMJ

otouruÄĄoutstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovsxoxÄĄporpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqpvqrpp u sMJ

owoqtqÄĄoxquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorooqsÄĄorsqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqqoso s sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsxoxÄĄowsrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqtqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppsqqrv s qMJ

poppqrÄĄpptqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpttuÄĄporsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxor(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<popxtsJ+prrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qv O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrqu qw (

ouroprJ+rrqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ououqxJ+qqwtqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rssrpx w pMJ

O½[<[H\Oj[L<ottvovJ+qtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTupvqoqo pt sMJ

oppsptÄĄoroqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpooÄĄourxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłrqost v sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposxtrÄĄpprprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqpoÄĄototso

U\Ltpxrvpv pr rMJ

owssrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqxsvÄĄpoppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^vpsqqrv pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<popxswJ+prquoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<popsstJ+pqsxrqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovoosrJ+sstpvtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq qsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<popxswJ+prquoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

popsstJ+pqsxrqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< popxswJ+prquoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<popsstJ+pqsxrqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<popsst J+pqsxrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouroouJ+rrqwstSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovoosrJ+sstpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ\Oj[L<popxswJ+prquoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<

ouroouJ+rrqwstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

popsstJ+pqsxrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotovooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqospuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourtrq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoprqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqtwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?104


uX[7LrrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw@^LuquO[+T[bJUps.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTv.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/b=L.W[QuU[7LqvQ^XSSQt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otsxtsJ+rpsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqouqo

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ououquJ+qqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L<otsxtsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<ottvqvJ+qupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpvxsv u sMJ

oppsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowssssÄĄpotoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprrtÄĄ

O^Kqpwrsq u sMJ

ouopouÄĄouttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxquÄĄovqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqqspqu s sMJ

ouswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvtqÄĄourxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxquÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpo(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<popstoJ+pqsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorsuox qx (

rpsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<otspptJ+pqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;

Â&#x201E;OT]rtsoqp w pMJ

osruswJ+twsrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrvsuÄĄ

QĂžTupvsuso pt sMJ

oprvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqpwtrÄĄorsqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłrqpsrr v sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoprsstÄĄorpupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotoutuÄĄ

U\Ltpxsoto pr rMJ

ovtvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvrxÄĄotottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppspxqu s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpspxqu pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<popssrJ+pqsxqvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<osrvorJ+twssqtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[

\Oj[L<porwtoJ+prswtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h] QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottvqoJ+qtuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[ S[\USH[ \Oj[L<osrvorJ+twssqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpo pqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<popssrJ+pqsxqvtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsqu

qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porwtoJ+prswtqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<popssrJ+pqsxqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ottoovJ+rpsvtvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ottvqoJ+qtuoSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<popssrJ+pqsxqvtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ottoovJ+rpsvtvtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

porwtoJ+prswtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqooqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LourpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxtx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpooxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?105


vX[7LrrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;roĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx@^LuquO[+T[bJUpt.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTw.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHro/b=L.W[QvU[7LqwQ^XSSQt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<otrxsvJ+rpqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqtooq

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<otsotqJ+pqrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<osrusvJ+twsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9roqoro v sMJ

ÄĄoxrwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowororÄĄoxqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kqpxswu u sMJ

ovqppuÄĄowororÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprsuÄĄoroottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqrqrpv t pMJ

orsqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopptqÄĄpptrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpu(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<porwrtJ+prswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lossxqq ro (

otrxsvJ+rpqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<otsurwJ+prvqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rurvqr w pMJ

\Oj[L<orspooJ+tuqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLouopqu

QĂžTupwprqq pt sMJ

otovpvÄĄouopquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsruÄĄoqowstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłrqqwqo v sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostpppÄĄotstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroottÄĄ

U\Ltpxssqx pr rMJ

pptrqrÄĄoprsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppppsÄĄoqqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppspupu s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpspupu pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<porwqwJ+prsvtvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^L

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otspowJ+pqsrvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S qsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porwqwJ+prsvtvtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspupw

pxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porwqwJ+prsvtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<porwqwJ+prsvtvtS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otrxsoJ+rpqotvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

otspowJ+pqsrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porwqwJ+prsvtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

otrxsoJ+rpqotvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owquoq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpootroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opottuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?106


wX[7LrrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;p3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ro@^LuquO[+T[bJUpu.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTx.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHpX[z[L.W[QwU[7LqxQ^XSSQt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouruO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ouoosoJ+rqpqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrwrs

9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<otsupuJ+prurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<orsorwJ+tuqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rprptrq w rMJ

otovrxÄĄoutttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqqsÄĄoppssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqqptx v pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvoxÄĄotstqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororopÄĄ

ǜžpqsux t pMJ

orpurrÄĄostwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousxowÄĄowrorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqq(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<pprqrtJ+puqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottpqr p (

ouoosoJ+rqpqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouqrooJ+rvqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rvrsqu w qMJ

\W\Ä­\Oj[L<oroxpxJ+ttrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTupwsoqs pt sMJ

ovqppxÄĄoxqussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqoxÄĄoqpxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłrqsqu v sMJ

ortvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprvrsÄĄoqpxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltpxswps pr rMJ

9[TS[\HporssoÄĄpptrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppsprt s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpsprt pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pprqtoJ+puqtvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pprqtoJ+

puqtvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L< ouoottJ+rqprpoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L< ouoottJ+rqprpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouoottJ+rqprpoSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otsupoJ+prupvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pprqtoJ+puqtvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ouoottJ+rqprpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosoxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqou

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpooprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?107


xX[7LrrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;q3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]p@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUpv.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTpo.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHqX[z[L.W[QxU[7LroQ^XSSQt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoutuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<outqppJ+rsqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrptp

O[TO\Oj[L<ouqqpvJ+rtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<outqppJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<oroosqJ+tssostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqtttsp x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvpsÄĄotstquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxrqÄĄovqpqq

O^Kqqqqstx v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppstuÄĄoqoxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpsoxÄĄ

ǜžpqssxuo t pMJ

oprtprÄĄorpurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvtwÄĄoxpuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqu(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<pqtutoJ+pxrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lousxtv q (

rsqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovqwrpJ+ttopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rwrpro w qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovtopxÄĄporqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppstuÄĄororow

QĂžTupxvsu pt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqutoÄĄpprqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvswÄĄoropqv

Ç?Çłrqtttq v sMJ

pqtttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousxqvÄĄowrotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltpxtqr pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppsxts s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpsxts pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqtvotJ+pxrqsoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<pqtvotJ+pxrqsoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pqtvotJ+pxrqsoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<pqtvotJ+pxrqsoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<outqoqJ+ rsqoqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outqoqJ+rsqoqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(

\Oj[L<ouqqrpJ+ruptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pqtvotJ+pxrqsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<outqoqJ+rsqoqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovovsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwpp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?108


poX[7LrrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;r3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUpw.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTpp.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHrX[z[L.W[QpoU[7LpWNS t\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovpvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpospJ+rvrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqwrv

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovqvtoJ+tswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owposp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<orpqrtJ+ttxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9swqqru po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvpwÄĄotstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqrÄĄoxqutu

O^Kqqrsvqr v qMJ

ortvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqutuÄĄpotorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžpqtrssw t pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptrtwÄĄoprtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrpppÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqx(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswtoJ+qspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

q O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsrow r (

J+rvrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owtxpuJ+xrupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rxqwru w qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotowqsÄĄouturrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrwsvÄĄppqutu

QĂžTupxrtqv pt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwoqÄĄotovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxoxÄĄ

Ç?Çłrrxrv v sMJ

ppqutuÄĄpqqpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotorwÄĄpprqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpxtttw pr rMJ

popqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqroqpÄĄorswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppsusr s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpsusr pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswsqJ+qspostSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswsqJ+qspostSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswsqJ+qspostSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owporsJ+rvrtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owporsJ+rvrtqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqvsrJ+tswpvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswsqJ+qspostSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owporsJ+ rvrtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opssruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosopsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpspt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?109


ppX[7LrrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;s3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUpx.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTpq.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHsX[z[L.W[QppU[7LqWNS t\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxtprpJ+spsutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqutp s 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owtwpsJ+xrrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tuputÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtuqrÄĄoroqop

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqorwrr pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrxoqÄĄporrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvopÄĄ

O^Kqqtpqpr v qMJ

ostwpoÄĄourxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrrtÄĄoppqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrp(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Q[J[L<otoroxJ+qxstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howroou s (

S[\H<oxtprpJ+spsutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<orrxrv

Â&#x201E;OT]rpoqtsp w rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotowsvÄĄoututrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrotÄĄopptpr

QĂžTuqorqw pu pMJ

poowtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorputoÄĄostwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłrrqrqp w pMJ

ǜžpquqoro t pMJ

U\Ltpxtxtv pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppsrrq s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpsrrq pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<otoropJ+qxstrtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<orrxtpJ+tupusoSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

orrxtpJ+tupusoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otoropJ+qxstrtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otoropJ+qxstrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxtpqr

J+spsuroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otoropJ+qxstrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtpqrJ+

spsuroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owtwouJ+xrrpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otoropJ+qxstrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtpqrJ+

spsuroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpopx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?110


pqX[7LrrQ[\S/bS/ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;t3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUqo.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTpr.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHtX[z[L.W[QpqU[7LrWNSt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowopO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ S[\H<ppsussJ+surrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqutp s 

OO\Oj[L<posvqoJ+pstqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<ppsussJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<ospuqrJ+tvsutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqsuqs pq qMJ

opptqpÄĄororqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpquÄĄourxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqqurxpu v qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpototrÄĄpprqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssprÄĄotowop

ǜžpqvvt t qMJ

owstppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrpsuÄĄpoprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrq(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Q[J[L<ovrrpxJ+ruoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howroou s (

surrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<orrwrtJ+tuprro

Â&#x201E;OT]rppqqsw w rMJ

\JLotoxppÄĄoutvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtpptÄĄporrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTuqorpsw pu pMJ

oworpuÄĄoxqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroqpwÄĄorssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłrrrvs w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtpptÄĄowstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoworpuÄĄ

U\Ltqosq pr sMJ

poprorÄĄpptsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpuruÄĄportpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppsoqq s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vpsoqq pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovrrppJ+ruoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovrrpp J+ruoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovrrppJ+ruoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppsutxJ+

sursroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovrrppJ+ruoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppsutxJ+sursroS

I[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<posvpsJ+pstvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovrrppJ+ruoSI[+L[H

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H <ppsutxJ+sursroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouowopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owouqr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?111


prX[7LrrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;u3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]t@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUqp.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTps.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHuX[z[L.W[QprU[7LsWNSt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<opsvstJ+tprsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovqsqv t 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pqsursJ+pxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<opsvstJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<ostuoqJ+txqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpssxqt pr qMJ

pqpstqÄĄoprwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqosoÄĄorssrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqqwwqs v rMJ

ovqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtssÄĄorputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžpqvtsro t qMJ

ourxqsÄĄovtwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxsuÄĄotowqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrq(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[S[\H<pooxtvJ+sqrotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpppp t (

tprsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<osptqqJ+tvssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpqpxtu w rMJ

oxrxrqÄĄopptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstpqÄĄpotpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTuqpoqu pu pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouorrtÄĄoutvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxqsÄĄ

Ç?Çłrrtosu w pMJ

otoxruÄĄoutosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwppÄĄourxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltqowpq pr sMJ S[Č&#x2030;pprtvpp s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vprtvpp pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<pooxsxJ+sqrorqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

pooxsxJ+sqrorqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opsvrvJ+tprruoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

opsvrvJ+tprruoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<pqsuquJ+pxqt SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<pooxsxJ+sqrorqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<opsvrvJ+tprruoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouosotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqqv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxspttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?112


psX[7LrrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;v3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUqq.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTpt.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHvX[z[L.W[QpsU[7LtWNSt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<orssotJ+tuqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqoov u 

;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsuroJ+qsppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<orssot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<otrpssJ+otrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqutps ps qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpoopÄĄouortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptruÄĄoqoxrr

O^Kqqxrxqw v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostpqtÄĄotstqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroqtsÄĄ

ǜžpqwsqss t qMJ

pptssoÄĄoprttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppqssÄĄoqrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxro(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<oosrssJ+swtrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxsvqq u (

J+tuqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<osttopJ+txqqro

Â&#x201E;OT]rprpvt w rMJ

\JLouortwÄĄoxrxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworptÄĄoxqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTuqpqxqr pu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqppvÄĄoworptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptoqÄĄoroqts

Ç?Çłrssqv w pMJ

orsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoprroÄĄpptssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltqopqqv pr sMJ S[Č&#x2030;pprtso s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vprtso pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsuqrJ+qsottSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oosrrvJ+swtqtvtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsuqrJ+ qsottSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqo

qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oosrrvJ+swtqtvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oosrrvJ+swtqtvtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orssqoJ+tuqsstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

orssqoJ+tuqsstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orssqoJ+tuqsstSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsuqrJ+qsottSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orssqoJ+tuqsstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouswpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouoooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtwro

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?113


ptX[7LrrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;w3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUqr.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTpu.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHwX[z[L.W[QptU[7LuWNS t\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<orsrotJ+tuqprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxprqs v 

orotpuJ+tssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<orsrotJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OO\Oj[L<otqvovJ+osorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uwtsts pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotpoquÄĄoutwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krppqqo v sMJ

pprrpqÄĄoqqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvqwÄĄotstpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqxrpst t qMJ

oqqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpvopÄĄostwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqw(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<otqvovJ+osorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpopxtv v (

tuqprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<osrvqtJ+qwrvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpspspt w sMJ

otrosrJ+otosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<otttttJ+ptqrvt

QĂžTuqptwrv pu pMJ

porrtvÄĄopptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpprÄĄoxqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłrspww w pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLororrrÄĄortvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprxpqÄĄ

U\Ltqopusv pr sMJ

outprqÄĄowrqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportqvÄĄpptspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprtosx s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vprtosx pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<orotrpJ+tssurvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orotrpJ+tssurvtS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orotrpJ+tssurvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqvooJ+osoqoSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<orotrpJ+tssurvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otqvooJ+osoqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrortJ+otoqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orotrpJ+tssurvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqvooJ+osoqoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtsrs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpporpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?114


puX[7LrrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;w3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUqs.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTpv.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHwX[z[L.W[QpuU[7LvWNS t\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxruO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<otquovJ+orwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoosrx w 

otovopJ+txsxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGOO\Oj[L<otquovJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouswrqJ+srqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqpsqr pu pMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLovtqrpÄĄporspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptswÄĄ

O^Krqsuto v sMJ

ovqpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvpsÄĄpprrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxquÄĄ

ǜžqoqprp t rMJ

pqptqqÄĄpqtvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutptsÄĄowrqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprsvrw s qMJ

oxpusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqs(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ouswrqJ+srqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotops w (

orwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<oupoqsJ+rqqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rptppqu w sMJ

otttpuJ+ptouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<ouortsJ+qppqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuqqqwpo pu pMJ

ororrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqvÄĄotstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxouÄĄ

Ç?Çłrsrpsv w pMJ

ororroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopptswÄĄoqoxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Ltqoqppq pr sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopruopÄĄorpvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvttÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^vprsvrw pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<otoutsJ+txswtvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<otoutsJ+txswtvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otoutsJ+txswtvtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopq pspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otoutsJ+txswtvtSI[+L[H

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otoutsJ+txswtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otquooJ+orvtoSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouswswJ+srsqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otquooJ+orvtoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otoutsJ+txswtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ouswswJ+srsqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtoso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxroowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?115


pvX[7LrrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;x3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUqt.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTpw.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHxX[z[L.W[QpvU[7LwWNS t\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoopO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ousvtsJ+spqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotsrw x 

otouqqJ+txsvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ousqtpJ+rsvst

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovpxprJ+rtpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovsrqpJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vrqqsq pv pMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<ottorxJ+prvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Krsqqtr w pMJ

ortvquÄĄotstovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpopÄĄoxqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqppqo t rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqvpsÄĄpotpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwprÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pprssqw s qMJ

ppttowÄĄopruotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrrprÄĄpopsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpx(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ovsrqpJ+upxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppxqu x (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ousvtsJ+spqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpuwrw w sMJ

upxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<ouoqtsJ+qwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuqqtvtx pu pMJ

otpppxÄĄoutxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsorqÄĄppqwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłrsstqs w pMJ

oprxsoÄĄotpoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxssÄĄortvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Ltqoqtsp pr sMJ

pqqqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotpqrÄĄpprrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^vprssqw pv sMJ

9[TS[\HoqrqptÄĄortpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ousqstJ+rsvroSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousqstJ+rsvro SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ousvsvJ+sppoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ousqstJ+rsvroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S

W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovsrrsJ+upxrqtSI[+L[H <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousvsvJ+sppoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsrrsJ+upxrqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouoroxJ+qxrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[

XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ousvsvJ+sppoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ousqst

J+rsvroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovsrrsJ+upxrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppospsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotswqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsusr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpottquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqppqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

pwX[7LrrQ[\SW[9TbWLru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;po3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUqu.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTpx.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHpoX[z[L.W[QpwU[7Lx WNSt\X@S]

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?116


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovsqsrJ+upvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppssqr po 

\Oj[L<ousqprJ+rsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<ovsxppJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovtxpvJ+rutwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpttqrs pv sMJ

prtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<otpsoqJ+osrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

O^Kruoqp w pMJ

outxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsrsÄĄoppttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqqrpp t rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpvoqÄĄostvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostvttÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpr(

59[JU]\Oj[L<owovttJ+vpxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppswsv po (

urqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG;S\Oj[L<ovsqsrJ+upvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvttq x pMJ

owovttJ+vpxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<ottoopJ+

QĂžTuqrqwu pu qMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtvsvÄĄorosovQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotppstÄĄ

Ç?Çłrstxp w pMJ

oxsosuÄĄporsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvpsÄĄpooxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqoropt pr sMJ

ourwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptsrvÄĄopprrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprsppv s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vprsppv pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ousqovJ+rstttSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovsxosJ+urqpoSI[+L[HKL^

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovsxosJ+urqpoSI[+L[H\QI^L 99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspu pwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousqovJ+rstttSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<ovsxosJ+urqpoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ousqovJ+rstttSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovsqtvJ+upvuoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovsxosJ+urqpoSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owowowJ+ vpxtoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owowowJ+vpxtoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsqtvJ+ upvuoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owowowJ+vpxtoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L< ottopuJ+prupvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ousqovJ+rstttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovsqtvJ+

upvuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovsxosJ+urqpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owowowJ+vpxtoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowswqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppoopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orropqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotssqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsqsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqovrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?117


pxX[7LrrQ[\S/bS/ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pp3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pp@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUqv.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTqo.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHppX[z[L.W[QpxU[7LpoWNSt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]M\OĂ&#x160;[bS[ML]M^Ă&#x160;J[59[JU].\@9[ÄĄĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpotqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<owovrxJ+vpwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrstx pp 

otpqpq\Oj[LowoprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owovrxJ+vpwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqwruw pw sMJ

vqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<otprsuJ+orttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krvrxw w qMJ

\JLotpqpqÄĄoutxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtrqxÄĄporssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqqttr t rMJ

owoqttÄĄoxqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorosqtÄĄorsursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprrwu s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtrqxÄĄowsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqttÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxou(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<owoprqJ+vqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqpxrq pp (

ovswttJ+urpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<owqtpuJ+wproÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwru x pMJ

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowsrJ+rvqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owoprqJ+

QĂžTuqrtwqx pu qMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ospqttJ+tvrorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;

Ç?Çłrtpqru w pMJ

oppuorÄĄororrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpotÄĄourwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Ltqorsts pr sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotprpÄĄpprrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsursÄĄotpotq

Â&#x201E;9H^vprrwu pv sMJ

owstosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrrswÄĄpopsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL popsruÄĄppttqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpusoÄĄportsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovswswJ+urproSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owqtoxJ+wppqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovswswJ+urproSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovswswJ+urproSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< owqtoxJ+wppqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovswsw

J+urproSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< owopsuJ+vqstSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqtoxJ+wppqtS I[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

\Oj[L<owovtrJ+vpxpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owovtrJ+vpxpqtSI[+L[H M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owopsuJ+vqstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otprrxJ+ orrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovswswJ+urproSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owovtrJ+vpxpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owopsuJ+vqstSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrwtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqorrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?118


qoX[7LrrQ[\SI[+>[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pq3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pq@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUqw.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTqp.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHpqX[z[L.W[QqoU[7LppWNSt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpppxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owoprvJ+vqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvrq pq 

ovqstsJ+tqxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<owqtoo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owoprvJ+vqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpprsto px sMJ

tqxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ospqsoJ+tvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krxpxv w qMJ

\JLoxspptÄĄoppuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsstxÄĄpotprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqrsvrr t sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLououqrÄĄovooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourwqsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pprrstt s qMJ

otpqsoÄĄoutrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvspÄĄourwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtv(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpqso\Oj[LowoprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtros pq (

J+wotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<owrproJ+wpttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxoqq x pMJ

Q[J[L<ovsutpJ+ruqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovqstsJ+

QĂžTuqsqxx pu qMJ

I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oqsvqoJ+trttrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;

Ç?Çłrtqux w pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpttvÄĄopsoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqqrqÄĄorsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqorxrw pr sMJ

ovqoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruptÄĄorputwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^vprrstt pv sMJ

ourwqsÄĄovtvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqpqÄĄotpppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owqtpuJ+wproSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<owrpqrJ+wptsoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^

;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L 99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspu

pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqtpuJ+wproSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L

<owrpqrJ+wptsoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<owrpqrJ+wptsoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owoproJ+

vqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrpqrJ+wptsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owopro J+vqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqtoxJ+trotSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< owoproJ+vqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

ovqtoxJ+trotSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ \Oj[L<owrpqrJ+wptsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opotpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrstt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?119


qpX[7LrrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pr3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUqx.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTqq.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHprX[z[L.W[QqpU[7Lpq WNSt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ovqtqqJ+trorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqqtu pr 

M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<owrpruJ+wpupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<outupqJ+rspvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqssxpx qo sMJ

ootxosJ+sxqrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLououswÄĄ

O^Krppopr w rMJ

otprovÄĄououswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupoÄĄoqoxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqssoso t sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostotoÄĄotssrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorotoqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pprrpss s qMJ

ppttrxÄĄoprupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppspoÄĄoqrrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsw(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ouqorrJ+qsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprotq pr (

owpoqpJ+vqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovqtqqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxtvrx x pMJ

O\G@\Oj[L<ouqorrJ+qsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

QĂžTuqtot pu qMJ

oxspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqsoÄĄoxqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłrtrxsp w pMJ

ovqoqtÄĄowoqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuotÄĄorotoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqossqu pr sMJ

orsvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoptopÄĄppttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^vprrpss pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<owrptpJ+wputoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<outuqvJ+rspwqoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L< owpopsJ+vqprvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<outuqvJ+rspwqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrptpJ+

wputoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpopsJ+vqprvtSI[+L[Hprtuw popqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqtptJ+troqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owrptpJ+wputoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqoswJ+qswqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpopsJ+vqprvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<owrptpJ+wputoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqtptJ+troqoSI[+L[H W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouqoswJ+qswqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovqtptJ+

troqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owrptpJ+

wputoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouqosw J+qswqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owpopsJ+vqprvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opopqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrotx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S33

M[\Ä?120


qqX[7LrrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;ps3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUro.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTqr.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHpsX[z[L.W[QqqU[7Lpr WNSt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqpqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ouqpopJ+qswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorqpru ps 

\Oj[L<owposxJ+vqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ovqtovJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otrxptJ+rpspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xwpxqr qp sMJ

ssotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotprrtÄĄovootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krpqsqqp w rMJ

-X[ÄĄpprrtuÄĄoqqrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvosÄĄotsspx

ǜžqtrsqs t sMJ

oqqrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorputpÄĄostvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrv(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<ostpssJ+txspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqpsrr ps (

tqvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ouqpopJ+qswrt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqotstw x qMJ

ostpssJ+txspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LS[\H<posxtuJ+

QĂžTuqtrppv pu qMJ

-X[ÄĄportqoÄĄoppupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoprÄĄoxqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłrttrpp w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororqvÄĄortvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsosvÄĄ

U\Ltqosxpw pr sMJ

outsowÄĄowrsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportsvÄĄppttosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprqwrs s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vprqwrs pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owposqJ+vqqsvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovqstxJ+tqvpvtSI[+L[HQ9S S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ostprvJ+

txrtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owposqJ+vqqsvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqstxJ+tqvpvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqpptJ+qsxpoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

owposqJ+vqqsvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ostprvJ+txrtqtSI[+L[H K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovqstxJ+tqvpvtSI[+L[H >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owposqJ+vqqsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouqpptJ+qsxpoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ostprvJ+txrtqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouqpptJ+qsxpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owposqJ+

vqqsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostprvJ+txrtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ \Oj[L<ovqstxJ+tqvpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpossrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqvor

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HportsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqoutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?121


qrX[7LrrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pu3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUrp.V[irrP[SH]j\W\PTqs.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHpuX[z[L.W[QqrU[7Lps WNSt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ostqprJ+txtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losqrop pt 

<ovqtrtJ+tqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<oupxspJ+qsqtqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxrxJ+qutrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqqsq qq sMJ

J+rvtrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLovtssvÄĄportro

O^Krpsqtqs w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvspÄĄovqoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvooÄĄpprsoo

ǜžquqwsq t sMJ

oqoxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpuqoÄĄpqtwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;pprqtqr s qMJ

9[TS[\HovtvorÄĄoxpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqs(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<oroqosJ+tsqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orotqr pt (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGOO\Oj[L<ostqprJ+txtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rqptqpv x qMJ

oroqosJ+tsqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrrq

QĂžTuquqss pu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupsÄĄororqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortutvÄĄotssou

Ç?Çłruuso w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopspooÄĄorotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppupsÄĄ

U\Ltqotspt pr sMJ

outsrpÄĄowrstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprupxÄĄorpusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^vprqtqr pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovqtsxJ+tqxqqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrqsJ+rvtrqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

\Oj[L<oupxrsJ+qsqrtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J

ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; \W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqtsxJ+tqxqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+X S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrqsJ+rvtrqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqtsxJ+tqxqqtSI[+L[Hqsuv

xppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupxrsJ+qsqrtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oroqpvJ+tsqxqqtSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oroqpvJ+tsqxqqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovqtsxJ+tqxqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oroqpvJ+tsqxqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oupxrsJ+qsqrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b; Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqrov

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxoqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqororÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S33

M[\Ä?122


qsX[7LrrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ru\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pv3\Vb9UQ[X[tswU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^T[/uquO[+T[bJUpX[7LrrP[SH]j\W\PTqt.V[itswÂ&#x2026;QcHpvX[z[L.W[QqsU[7Lpt WNSt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ooturpJ+sxprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqtqt pu 

\Oj[L<ostwsxJ+txpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLQ[J[L<otsqqpJ+rpxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poupqw qr sMJ

ppqxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortusxÄĄotsrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxsuÄĄ

O^Krpuxpw w sMJ

oqoxsuÄĄortusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxquttÄĄpotpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqvqrrs u pMJ

pprsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptttwÄĄoprupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpp(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ouqorpJ+qsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osorrx pu (

<oqopqoJ+qptuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ooturpJ+sxprst

Â&#x201E;OT]rqqsxrx x qMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotpsrqÄĄovoprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsqoxÄĄ

QĂžTuqursqv pu qMJ

oxquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopspprÄĄotprovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłruqou w pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxpqÄĄpqqqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotpspÄĄ

U\Ltqotxpv pr sMJ

owrtptÄĄpoptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrsppÄĄortrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprqqpq s qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^vprqqpq pv sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ouqoqsJ+qsssoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ostwsqJ+txpxpqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

O`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqoqsJ+qsssoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqoqsJ+qsssoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< ostwsqJ+txpxpqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqoqsJ+qsssoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ootuqsJ+sxprqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ostwsqJ+txpxpqtSI[+L[H

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ootuqsJ+

sxprqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ostwsqJ+txpxpqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ootuqsJ+sxprqvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouqoqsJ+qsssoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[; \OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ootuqsJ+

sxprqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostwsqJ+txpxpqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;