Issuu on Google+

30


Q[\S30

M[\ď0


Iu bgt kÖxm~hŠ¨vq ci eªÞ‥Y bgt

Bgvi ‥mbvLqvZ

weòzwcÖqv gwYcyix Vvii cyivbv cvwÄ m~hŠwm×vť�i gvwnj Mbvwb A‥m MbvwbiKv gvaecyii cweÎ ivmi RvMv Anvb‥i †K›`ªM aivwb ABj AÿZzc: 24.31º Jqvs `ªvwNgvZzc: 91.84º gyO mgqi jqvM: 6º gyO

gvwi 30 DĂ‹g wmsn

‥cŠwi http://www.pouri.org

wbDBqKŠ, wZjcvivóª

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?1


9I[.9>^\C

\Q\OĆ‹^\Ă‘j[Q\GM^S]D[STM[\Ä?.X[L\L9[T[\LQbLj[„;T;[9HOWSK\Sj[XŇ[9bSg\SH[(QSW[KL[-X[LSNTX[L .\XT“M[\Ä?â€? L[=SWNC7j½[SX[LT(QS5bS“M[\Ä?â€? L[=S;L95X[LTȉĪ[X[\S\JL9[SL[;/M^S[OWS.X[S

M[\Ä?X[L;L[\L59bSS(M[\Ä?;L[\LS9[\J@[HSQ[\X.bWp(W^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźO[bS[q(\Oǜĭ\WÄ­[ÄźO[J`9\WÄ­[Äź(W^R­½

\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X5H[M^S[L[9[bTÄĄ>\Tj[.bXQ[\XÂ&#x201E;RH[TO[@[bS>bTSO[+T[Sj[QM[\Ä?;L[\L-S(\Qbjg/bQW^R­½\WÄ­[Äź Q[\X/Tj[M[\Ä?5X[LQ_\H­M[T9ST^(/+bS@]9½[bTÄš[SÂ&#x201E;>j[M^S[L[\JL.X[LX[SM[\LO[S/\HX[WS<CL[S\JL.X[L \OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LL^\=\9Ǣ.Q[SM[\Ä?5H[S\JLH[\S:O[bS[\H\I\L9[T[\L5X[LX[\OÄĄ\XL9[QX[L(-X[bL.\Q X[\Ç M^S[L[\JLH[\S:5H[/bQ/+bS\@TQ[\Hj[S(H[I9j[QS5bSČ&#x2030;S9[XĤ[5X[bLÂ&#x201E;R9^LM^S[L[H[\S:\H\I

\OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LO[SL[L[L;bOVL[S9[bQT[;H/-X[LÂ&#x2026;Ç&#x2C6;bLj(.Q[SP[SH1MQX[bJUSQ^+O[S[HÂ&#x201E;RÂ&#x201E;RWL-Ĺ&#x2022;O[ M[\Ä?O½[OX[S9S[\L-S-H[X[\Ç 5bM/HÂ&#x201E;>ĹŻS[\LHXĤ[.X[bLgI^/T^(

OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;SQ[\S5X[L9^ĹĄ[;[ÄĄ>[T^-bWX[L-X[LQ[H[\L\XL(9^L;/Q[ÄĄ[S[O[JU[X.9ObS\L9[T[bWX[LO[bS[ 9HH[/Q[ÄĄ[S[S[@[UU[+9/\L9[T[bWX[L(\Q-W[bJÂ&#x201E;9[L6\HX[\W9H9­HR[L[L[QL[1\S(5Q[\Spspx/bT

.\@9[ÄĄpspxOWS.b;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;-9S[\L-bW5W[bJÂ&#x201E;TM9\Sj[pOĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;ÄĄ-9\Sj[X[\SQ[\SSM[\Ä?.X[LU[H9ST^(

\X@\S\X@\SH[\S:;L[\LSL[L[LMÄ­\H>[T^-bW-H[X[\OH:[\LL[:[\LÂ&#x201E;RW[bJ1T[TS(-X[bLQSMÄ­\H 9^bjH O[bS[Q[/žWNCMÄ­\HS:[\LW+Ć&#x2019;[S9\Sj[ 5X[bHgp\JLÂ&#x201E;XTO[9Q/bHM[bS(\X@\SH[\S:Â&#x201E;TM9S[\LS>^ĹĄ[

MÄ­\HX[L/TH[/I[\>S\M?S\JbLÂ&#x201E;OT];O^S[\LSI[+L[H@^T[9X[LÂ&#x201E;J:bT-\JLS\M?S\JbLM/T[Q[W(Â&#x201E;J:[\L5X[bHg Â&#x201E;ObWM-/bHM[bSÂ&#x201E;Q<[T[/bTÂ&#x201E;R;Â&#x201E;>/H/-;S>[L[X[LÂ&#x201E;W+L[/bTO[Â&#x201E;9[L@[;[X[ÄĄÂ&#x201E;>/H[S[5W[bJ(-X[bL

O[+T[bJbU/bQWS9[\S@[H]j>[*JÂ&#x201E;J:[9\Q\CbjÂ&#x201E;RX[LÂ&#x201E;TM9SH[/-X[LS;b@I[Ĺ°\Jj[\X@\SH[\S:O[bS[MO­ Â&#x201E;TM9S[\L-S(

O[+T[bJUO[+T[bJUSO[+T[59[bEQ]bjÂ&#x201E;RO[+T[M[\Ä?SW+Ć&#x2019;[S9bS\W-X[L/bQâ&#x20AC;&#x153;O[+T[bJUâ&#x20AC;? O^\Tj[Â&#x201E;JL[-/T( Q[\XW^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X/Tj[\JLO[SMSOXO[WQjR[Ă&#x160;[\H\ILĂ­Ă&#x160;9SLÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă XƤ^C.\J;LbT1 Â&#x201E;OL]b@[T[9\L9^T[\LO^S[\LĂ XLO[bS[TĂś5H[Č&#x2030;ÄŞ[J`9\WÄ­[Äź/Tj[;L[\L-/T(

Â&#x201E;RH[S;bOVL[O[bS[9Q­ĥM[+T[9M[W^H[ 1. Shree Ajit Krishnan, MHora-v0.2.

2. Shree Michio Yano (http://www.cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp/~yanom/) articles, and Pancanga (version 3.13). 3. Shree Vinay Jha (http://jyotirvidya.wetpaint.com/), Shree Surya Siddhanta releted all articles. 4Ă&#x2DC;]W_R­½\WÄ­[ÄźÇ&#x2030;[Q]\OÄ&#x152;[L[LĹ prpuW[TÂ&#x201E;OT^hQD9\T9[H[(

5. Indian Astronomy: An Introduction By S. Balachandra Rao, Year 2000, Universities Press.

6. Indian Calendric System, by Commodore S.K. Chatterjee (Retd.), Year 1998, Publication Division, MOIB, Govt of India.

My special thanks for their tools:

1. Microsoft for Visual Studio 2010 & Hijri Calendar.

2. Swiss Ephemeris (http://www.astro.com/swisseph/) for swedll32.dll

T\QbH;[X[\Ç S[+Â&#x201E;X/>[.X[LQS5bSČ&#x2030;Çł9[Q5X[HÂ&#x201E;9[LT[TI[/bTHS[9QbSO[b;/O[+\QT;[T;Â&#x201E;RW[bJ1 >^Q9SH1(

1ĥQ\W+X\L1/j9­pspxWL

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?2


\L+bIgQĂžTQÄž]ǜžM[\LS-\KM\H@^T[9O[bS[N[jNWTS-\KM\HÇ?Çł(

=========================================================

pÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;psQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qpQ[>­uqrO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTroN[ÇľLtssÂ&#x2026;QcHpsU\@O^.W[QpOX[;prSQ@[L p\X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/roÂ&#x2026;>HqxQ[\S uqrrqo T[Q^/\W+ J+prtsst <pprtSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LouooorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osqxtpJ+quqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqootv qp 

9SG;S\Oj[L<otqtsoJ+twsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HS[\H<oxptooJ+rwptqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tprppu pr pMJ

oppqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutotpÄĄoxpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprvrxÄĄ

O^Koposprs p sMJ

oqsxovÄĄorrvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqoporÄĄoqswtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpptqxss qu pMJ

owtvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporpttÄĄpqoprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoprw(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[S[\H<pprtqrJ+ssuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsprs qp (

osqxtpJ+quqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<orqxstJ+trtstqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oosstq p pMJ

XV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotttswÄĄovrqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposusqÄĄ

QĂžTppqrrpsr qv rMJ

oqswtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrvruÄĄotpsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpppwrwtx qv pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoroppsÄĄosrqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovqusqÄĄ

U\Lsppqrtp po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpvrwqt x pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpvrwqt qq rMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<pprtptJ+ssuSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pprtptJ+ ssuSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osqxstJ+quqqptSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L< osqxstJ+quqqptSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Q[J[L<osqxstJ+

quqqptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pprtptJ+ssuSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LoupustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovsvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxrqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosoxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouqprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpotpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orososÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?3


qÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ptQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qqQ[>­uqrO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHptU\@O^.W[QqOX[;psSQ@[Lp \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SOWÄźS[WTĂ­]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]OTS[QS[WR[Ă&#x160;[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottvttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqusuJ+qppvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loroppp qq 

9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqusuJ+qppvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rppttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLowqoqwÄĄposupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqvqrt ps qMJ

O[bS[S[\HouorqsÄĄoutpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsprÄĄpprvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koporosr p sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqqtoqÄĄoppqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovqtsxÄĄ

ǜžpptqprp qu pMJ

ovrqtpÄĄoxoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqqp(

I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[S[\H<popqruJ+sospuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqwow qq (

oppxswJ+swrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L<ouquoxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opsrro p pMJ

-X[ÄĄoppptuÄĄoqsxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvsoÄĄotpssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTppqspvto qv rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqooqvÄĄorrttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppptuÄĄoqooro

Ç?Çłpppwtrro qv pMJ

owtutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprooxÄĄoroppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lsppqppw po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpvrtps x pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpvrtps qq rMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqurxJ+qppvvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<popqqwJ+sospsoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqurxJ+

qppvvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<popqqwJ+sospsoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqurxJ+qppvvt SI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqurxJ+qppvvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<popqqwJ+sospsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouowtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovsoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opstswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosopsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?4


rÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;puQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qrQ[>­uqrO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpuU\@O^.W[QrOX[;ptSQ@[Lp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottutpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<pqppqtJ+ptspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losorpx qr 

owrxqqJ+rutprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pqppqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oxsvqtJ+xssqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Â&#x201E;O\LS

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uppprq pt qMJ

ovrpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtvopÄĄpprsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvsrÄĄ

O^Kopoprro p sMJ

ottvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqooqrÄĄorrvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžpptptst qu pMJ

9^\T9S[\HposxqtÄĄpprvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptwsqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;rpvrqr x pMJ

oqtxqrÄĄosqwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqsq(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<oxsvqtJ+xssqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpqsp qr (

J+ptspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<ppoooxJ+sqsrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqsqu p pMJ

MS<orqvtwJ+qrtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLottrsoÄĄ

QĂžTppqtrtu qv rMJ

otptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutpqpÄĄoxpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptxtqÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppxwo qv pMJ

oxpsppÄĄposxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprsqqÄĄpqqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspppwto po sMJ

opqxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowtuppÄĄpoqvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^xpvrqr qq rMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxrvJ+rutqpqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L 9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<pqpppwJ+ptspqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxrvJ+rutqpqtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpv pwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxrvJ+rutqpqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsvrxJ+xsstvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pqpppwJ+ptspqtSI[+L[H M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxrvJ+rutqpqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxsvrxJ+xsstvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqpppwJ+ptspqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxsvrxJ+

xsstvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqpppwJ+ptspqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxrvJ+rutqpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxsvrxJ+xsstvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouostuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovruovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouoxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?5


s…OU[:roQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\ÊM^S[ŕrvqs9T½[ŕ„WgSt…OU[:>[ŃpvQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[ŕuwo\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qsQ[>­uqrO[+T[bJUpo…>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTr…>Htst…QcHpvU\@O^.W[QsOX[;puSQ@[Lp\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotttswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ \Oj[L<oxswrpJ+xsvvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotouru qs 

ovooqsJ+rqsuto„Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG;S\Oj[L<oxswrpJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovqprwJ+rsqrt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;\W\ĭ\Oj[L<pqqsqr

„@[T[9uqtqxqw pu qMJ

I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;S[\HopppstġorrspwQbXŃbR[;\JL

O^Koxtopp p rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtuquġpostpq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpsoxġ

Ƕ¾pptpqqu qu pMJ

osrqrxġouosot„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpqooqwġopqxrs„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoror(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ovqprwJ+rsqrt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LíÊ\OU[:[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottttp qs (

xsvvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„Wń[<owrtosJ+rusrro„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ

„OT]orsorx p qMJ

J+pupusvt„Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<oxpwpvJ+wrspqt„Mj[

QþTppqtsxtx qv rMJ

ottqruġovroow„Mj[-X[ġpostpqġopppro„Mj[(

Ǐdzpppxqqqx qv pMJ

poopsp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropprġosrqrx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lspppuqx po sMJ S[ȉrpvqwtr x pMJ

„9H^xpvqwtr qq rMJ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovoorxJ+rqsvqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxswqrJ+xsusvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[Q[J[L<

ovoorxJ+rqsvqvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpw qoqqqsquqvLíÊHQ[J[L<ovoorxJ+rqsvqvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxswqrJ+xsusvtSI[+L[H L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<

ovoorxJ+rqsvqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxswqrJ+xsusvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovoorx J+rqsvqvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxswqrJ+xsusvtSI[+L[HMbC[T

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqproJ+rsqptSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxswqrJ+xsusvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovoorxJ+rqsvqvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqproJ+rsqptSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Louopoo„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovrqpq„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxpvop„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqpqs„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[oprvtv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[ortrto„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Louotsv„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owpwso„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hportsp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqsxtv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqswpx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvto„Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\ď6


tÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pwQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qtQ[>­uqrO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpwU\@O^.W[QtOX[;pvSQ@[Lp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottsssO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ovqqsrJ+rstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louporu qt 

<otqospJ+qwsopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovqqsr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TO\Oj[L<ostvsoJ+tvstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vxswro pv qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLottprqÄĄovqxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koxqppo p rMJ

osqusrÄĄouosquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovrxpvÄĄoxpsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpptpprr qu pMJ

-X[ÄĄosqotvÄĄotttswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowpwovÄĄoxoutx

S[Č&#x2030;rpvqtsq x pMJ

poquqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoquqqÄĄpptvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louorqs(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ostvsoJ+tvstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourwrp qu (

J+rstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouoxsoJ+rosqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]osrxpo p qMJ

<oxpxooJ+wrtuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<oupssqJ+otvtt

QĂžTppqurttx qv rMJ

owpwovÄĄposssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppppuÄĄoqsxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppxrutv qv pMJ

orrrrpÄĄosqotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposwtxÄĄppruqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lspppsps po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrxpvÄĄowqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtssuÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpvqtsq qq rMJ

oxoqpuÄĄporpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvpwqt U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otqorsJ+qwrxttSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovqqruJ+rstSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otqorsJ+qwrxttSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otqorsJ+qwrxttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<ovqqruJ+rstSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ostvrpJ+tvsstvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ovqqruJ+rstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otqorsJ+qwrxttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostvrpJ+ tvsstvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pppvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouoptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?7


uÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qoQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]quQ[>­uqrO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqoU\@O^.W[QuOX[;pwSQ@[Lp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottrsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ostwqsJ+tvsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovptps qu 

<orsstvJ+qssrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ostwqs

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oqrxsvJ+tqrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqsurs pw rMJ

trrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoxttptÄĄoppporÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Kowsutx p rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqstqsÄĄosqoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourxquÄĄovqwqr

ǜžpptprq qu pMJ

oroppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLottoqxÄĄovqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrqtx

S[Č&#x2030;rpvqqrq x pMJ

ÄĄottsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorss(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<oqrxsvJ+tqrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqpss qv (

J+tvsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswpqJ+qstpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]otrvso p qMJ

\Oj[L<ouptquJ+otxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<orpuroJ+

QĂžTppqvqptw qv sMJ

S[\HowqusuÄĄposwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqrqtÄĄoptwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpppxtpqr qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouossvÄĄoutqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxqtÄĄ

U\Lspppqt po sMJ

ÄĄouossvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouossvÄĄovrrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqttx

Â&#x201E;9H^xpvqqrq qq rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsssxJ+qssrpqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswotJ+qstpqqtSI[+L[H KL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[

@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ouptpwJ+otxqtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswotJ+qstpqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚ

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< orsssxJ+qssrpqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqrxsoJ+tqqtvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouptpwJ+otxqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsssxJ+qssrpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqrxsoJ+tqqtvtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oproouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owposvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqsoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?8


v…OU[:roQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\ÊM^S[ŕrvqs9T½[ŕ„WgSw…OU[:>[ŃqpQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[ŕuwo\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qvQ[>­uqrO[+T[bJUpr…>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTu…>Htst…QcHqpU\@O^.W[QvOX[;pxSQ@[Lp\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottqruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ \Oj[L<oorrouJ+susxpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqoqu qv 

J+qpvro„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG;S„O\LSMS<oprtooJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\O\Ɔ„R[;\UO\Oj[L<ooqvspJ+surtso„Mj[I[+L[H\Wĭ-Q`HbR[;

„@[T[9wwqox px rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotsxqtġourwqw„Mj[-X[ġoppotoġoptxtr

O^Kowwpx p rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqvoqġotpuos„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horrptvġ

Ƕ¾pptputq qu pMJ

pptvpuġopqxps„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopqvtwġoqturq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosot(

WŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊQ_T[„O\LSMS<oqpvqx

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowourw qw (

pxqppvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oorrouJ+susxpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]ouruu p qMJ

\JLourwqwġoxtsrx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovrxruġoxpsos„Mj[(

QþTppqwvtr qv sMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtqqpġovrxru„Mj[-X[ġpqqropġorrptv

Ǐdzppqotsw qv qMJ

ospxpq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqtpxġpptvpu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lspppoq po sMJ S[ȉrpvpxqp x pMJ

„9H^xpvpxqp qq rMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

.W;H[S[@ʼn„O\LSMS<oqpvssJ+qpwvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<oprtpuJ+pxqptvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^Ŧ

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS< oqpvssJ+qpwvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqpvssJ+qpwvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oorqtxJ+suswttSI[+L[H \ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oorqtxJ+suswttSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[

XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(„O\LSMS<

oprtpuJ+pxqptvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„O\LSMS<oqpvssJ+qpwvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oorqtxJ+suswttSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovqoqs„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxotpt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lppoxrv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[ opqupo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orsqoq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lottsoo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owoutr„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hpoqrtt„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqrwox„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrurq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospuoq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otstpu„Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\ď9


wÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qqQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qwQ[>­uqrO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqqU\@O^.W[QwOX[;qoSQ@[Lp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottprqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<posprqJ+sqpopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxquoo qw 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pprtrqJ+psqtpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­S[\H<oxtpowJ+sospvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqqquq qo rMJ

opporwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqruÄĄoxpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprtqwÄĄ

O^Kovqttx p rMJ

oqswtsÄĄorrworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptutrÄĄoqssoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpptqqtx qu pMJ

owtqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpororwÄĄpptxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosqu(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporssJ+pwtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowtsow qx (

posprqJ+sqpopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxtqtuJ+poppqt

Â&#x201E;OT]ovrsrp p rMJ

W[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotswqqÄĄovqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrpqÄĄ

QĂžTppqwtrsu qv sMJ

oqssoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrworÄĄotpuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppqoqopq qv qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoropppÄĄosrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovqoroÄĄ

U\Lsppwu po sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;rpvpupo x pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpvpupo qq rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporruJ+pwtqvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxtpqqJ+sostqtSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprtqr J+psqsttSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ S[\H<oxtpqqJ+

sostqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporruJ+pwtqvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporruJ+pwtqvtS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporruJ+pwtqvt SI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<pospsuJ+sqpotqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pospsuJ+

sqpotqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprtqrJ+psqsttS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< oporruJ+pwtqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pospsuJ+sqpotqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxoppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otspqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?10


xÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qrQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qxQ[>­uqrO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqrU\@O^.W[QxOX[;qpSQ@[Lp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottoqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ S[\H<oxpoovJ+rwqsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hporppo qx 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxtrrxJ+poprpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

utspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Q[J[L<ovrpouJ+rsputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xuqppu qp rMJ

oqswtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwovÄĄotpurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouotsxÄĄ

O^Kousots p rMJ

orroqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppoqtÄĄoptxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpptrpqo qu pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqwtqÄĄoropppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrsoqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louossv(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<pqovtvJ+ptswtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxsssx ro (

oxpoovJ+rwqsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owrroqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]owrqtr p rMJ

I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLowptopÄĄposqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppoqtÄĄ

QĂžTppqxrxrv qv sMJ

outqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsooÄĄpprtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptupwÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqorsrs qv qMJ

pqqqpqÄĄopoxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpxrwÄĄowtptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsppupu po sMJ

oxoqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpvpquo x pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpvpquo qq rMJ

QÞTO\ž/H/Q[J[L<osqvrvJ+ qurwvt O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pqovtoJ+ptswsoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<pprrrwJ+psqtsvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtrrrJ+

popqtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxpppr pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqovtoJ+ptswsoSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pprrrwJ+psqtsvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqovtoJ+ptswsoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V \Oj[L<pqovtoJ+ptswsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxpoqoJ+rwqsttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtrrrJ+popqtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqovtoJ+ptswsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxpoqoJ+rwqsttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pprrrwJ+psqtsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppopstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osowpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?11


poÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qsQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]roQ[>­uqrO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqsU\@O^.W[QpoOX[;qqSQ@[L p\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsxqtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqqwJ+rtrvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprssq ro 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owrrquJ+uttpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqqwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśPQ[J[L<otqxtoJ+qxpupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqorro qq sMJ

orrwppÄĄotputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrovÄĄoxprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kottsu p qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxprtxÄĄposvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprprrÄĄ

ǜžpptsptr qu pMJ

pptuprÄĄopqwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowtppsÄĄpoqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotov(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<pprsowJ+psqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lporwsq rp (

rtrvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovrwspJ+sspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oxrpps p rMJ

\JLotsupuÄĄovqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtqtsÄĄpprprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTooqtqt p pMJ

opttsqÄĄottoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxrqÄĄorrwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłppqoswtt qv qMJ

pqqotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposvtrÄĄpprstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lsppsrq po sMJ

9[TS[\HoqtsqsÄĄosqqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpvxsx x pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpvxsx qq rMJ

QÞTO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvrprvt O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<pprsopJ+psqustSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovrwtuJ+sspsoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L

<ppquouJ+psxrtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL

O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+X S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrrpwJ+utstvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[  \Oj[L<ovrwtuJ+sspsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pprsopJ+psqustSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpu

pwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppquouJ+psxrtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pprsopJ+psqustSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppquouJ+psxrtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owoqsqJ+rtrwqvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrrpwJ+utstvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pprsopJ+ psqustSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqsqJ+

rtrwqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ppquou J+psxrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?12


TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovowrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovttot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqquqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/ososprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ppÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qtQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rpQ[>­uqrO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqtU\@O^.W[QppOX[;qrSQ@[L p\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@@[Q[H^T\OJ[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotswqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovqqppJ+rrtxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqrtor rp 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovrxouJ+ssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovqqpp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortoroJ+qtportÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9porrpr qr sMJ

ovqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpospssÄĄopoxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Kotuso p qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoropppÄĄosrrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrrtpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louotqw(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ppqupuJ+psxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpprtot p (

J+rrtxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovprpoJ+rrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opoqxrq p sMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HopowptÄĄorqwtoQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotstprÄĄ

QĂžToppppo p pMJ

oxtqpxÄĄpospssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxprtvÄĄpooosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppqprps qv qMJ

ououroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptvtwÄĄopqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppttsrq qu pMJ U\Lsppqtt po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpvurx x pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpvurx qq rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ppquowJ+psxsoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrwtwJ+sspstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppquow J+psxsoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppquowJ+psxsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovqqqsJ+rsoqoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovrwtwJ+sspstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovqqqsJ+rsoqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovossoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoowpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osoopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?13


pqÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;quQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]p5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHquU\@O^.W[QpqOX[;qsSQ@[Lp \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]OÇł\IL]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsvpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovppsvJ+rrruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprots

9SGOO\Oj[L<ovprpqJ+rrxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovppsv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsrtJ+qqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popusro qs sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxsvÄĄoqswswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqvtoÄĄououtp

O^Kospxsr p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposvqwÄĄpprspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospstoÄĄ

ǜžppuxpu qu pMJ

ovsoqrÄĄowqvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsxtpÄĄpoqqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpvrqw x pMJ

poqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotsx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<ppsusxJ+ptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

p O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqrqsp q (

J+rrruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovpwruJ+rtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oppqvsw p sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotssppÄĄovqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowpqsrÄĄposppt

QĂžToptutr p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsoqrÄĄoxprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqwosÄĄospsto

Ç?Çłppqppvrp qv qMJ

otswqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowpqsrÄĄoxoqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lspppqs po sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpoqqspÄĄppttrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqpsÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpvrqw qq rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ppsusqJ+ptrsqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovpwroJ+rttsvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

O`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovprouJ+rrxsqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpwroJ+rttsvtS

I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr

qtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsusqJ+ptrsqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<ppsusqJ+ptrsqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ppsusqJ+ptrsqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovpqopJ+rrrvSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovpqopJ+rrrvSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovprouJ+rrxsqtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppsusqJ+

ptrsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpqopJ+rrrvSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovoostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opouqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoospsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqtrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?14


prÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qvQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]q5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqvU\@O^.W[QprOX[;qtSQ@[Lp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsupuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovrqsqJ+rsrppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqprs

M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<pqrvtxJ+pvpsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rsrppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovttopJ+tqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqxrxps qt rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtppoÄĄopoxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvpsÄĄ

O^Korrsqp p qMJ

osprtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourqstÄĄovqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžppuqttx qu pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotsroxÄĄovpuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrspqÄĄouovpq

S[Č&#x2030;rpvopv x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououox(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotsrox\Oj[LoxtppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

q O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opropp r (

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovpwpvJ+rttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovrqsqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opqquq p sMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsrowJ+pxtvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

QĂžToqsqrr p pMJ

posvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqoruÄĄoptrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsorvÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqprpsu qv qMJ

ouovpqÄĄoutrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwppÄĄoropppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspotxtx po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouovpqÄĄovrssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospxswÄĄotsvpx

Â&#x201E;9H^xpvopv qq rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovpwpoJ+rtstvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqrvtqJ+pvpspqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpwpoJ+rtstvtSI[+L[H

O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqrvtqJ+pvpspqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqrvtqJ+pvpspqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V \Oj[L<pqrvtqJ+pvpspqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovrqrtJ+rsrouoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[ :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrqrtJ+rsrouoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovpwpoJ+rtstvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqrvtqJ+pvpspqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrqrtJ+rsrouoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opoqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotroqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpooopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?15


psÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qwQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqwU\@O^.W[QpsOX[;qu SQ@[Lp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotstprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrtpJ+ruspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orovpo

Â&#x201E;SOH]9SG;S\Oj[L<ovtsqpJ+tqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppttoJ+pwtpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppqqoqx qu rMJ

oxprtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotsqovÄĄourpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koqtprv p pMJ

pqqopqÄĄorqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqwpoÄĄotpvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppussrw qu qMJ

pptstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptstoÄĄopqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lououro(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxopJ+qorxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

r O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqurq s (

owqrtpJ+ruspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxoortJ+wpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oprqspr q pMJ

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLourpsxÄĄoxtoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsosrÄĄ

QĂžTorqwpo p qMJ

opoxqrÄĄoptxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutsowÄĄovsosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqpstuo qv qMJ

9^\T9S[\HorqurpÄĄosprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqprxÄĄ

U\Lspotwsp po sMJ

opqsptÄĄoqtprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rputvv x pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xputvv qq rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxptJ+qosoptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtspsJ+tqvsqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxptJ+ qosoptSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxptJ+qosoptSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrssJ+

ruspqvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovtspsJ+tqvsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxptJ+qosoptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrssJ+ruspqvtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqporvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?16


ptÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qxQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqxU\@O^.W[QptOX[;qvSQ@[L p\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbO9JS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotssppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxsqstJ+soprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orswqo

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owtxttJ+wpsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LS[\H<oxsqst

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pwsqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotspotÄĄovqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqsswpt qv rMJ

-X[ÄĄpprrpxÄĄoqrxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwrrÄĄotpwov

O^Koqpqqv p pMJ

oqrxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroppqÄĄosrsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lououtp(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswpoJ+qtptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorqpps t (

J+soprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppppqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opsqqqr q pMJ

-X[ÄĄporxsxÄĄopoxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutsqsÄĄoxprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTosprss p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswstÄĄorrwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptqsvÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqqopp qv qMJ

ovpsquÄĄowsvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqxqsÄĄpptursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppvtpo qu qMJ

U\Lspotvro po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rputrtu x pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xputrtu qq rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswqrJ+qtptsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtxsvJ+wpspoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswqrJ+qtptsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orswqrJ+qtptsoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswqrJ+qtptsoSI[+L[H 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L

I[bL/S[\H<oxsqtxJ+soqpoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owtxsvJ+wpspoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswqrJ+qtptsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxsqtxJ+soqpoS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouswtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqousqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqototÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orssrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?17


puÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;roQK^W^KLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHroU\@O^.W[QpuOX[;qwSQ@[L p\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsroxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ S[\H<ppqsspJ+sspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJ

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osquoo

>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<porosqJ+pqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;S[\H<ppqsspJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLowoxsqÄĄporxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ovssu p rMJ

ouowpuÄĄoutsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprtoÄĄpprropÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koprvsp p pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpxqtÄĄopotsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovprrtÄĄ

ǜžppvqvro qu qMJ

ovrtptÄĄoxoqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovpq(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Q[J[L<ouoosqJ+rosxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG

t O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lospspt u (

sspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqtpwJ+pxqorqt

Â&#x201E;OT]optqorp q pMJ

opowtxÄĄoqswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwrvÄĄotpwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTostxpu p qMJ

optqpqÄĄorqtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopowtxÄĄoptwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppqqpsqp qv qMJ

owsvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqvspÄĄoropprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lspotuqt po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rputost x pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xputost qq rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ouoortJ+roswstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouoort J+roswstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ouoortJ+roswstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;

9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<ppqsrsJ+sspwsqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<porotuJ+pqsrvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouoortJ+roswstSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<ppqsrsJ+sspwsqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoustoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxswrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqoqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqopowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?18


pvÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;p\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHp9[bTL.W[QpvOX[;qxSQ@[L p\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<opqpqtJ+sxptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otoppp

9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<pqqotuJ+pusqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<opqpqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qorsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxorÄĄovpxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opxpqsv q qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoutsttÄĄoxprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptprwÄĄotsroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kopwr p pMJ

posuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwtpÄĄpqpwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžppvtprs qu qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsuqvÄĄpoqoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsxrpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louovrr(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxqvJ+rvrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

u O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotottp v (

J+sxptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrswJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opupwru q pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxswtsÄĄppqwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwsqÄĄotpwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTotssst p qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwsuÄĄorrwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxprsxÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqqqwqw qv qMJ

posuquÄĄpprqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrtoÄĄopqvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspottqv po sMJ

ospuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpusvrt x pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpusvrt qq rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxsqJ+rvstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owqxsqJ+rvstSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxsqJ+rvstSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

opqppvJ+sxptrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxsqJ+rvstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opqppvJ+sxptrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opqppvJ+sxptrtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqqppoJ+pusqstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxsqJ+rvstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<opqppvJ+sxptrtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ 

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouspouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxssruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?19


pwÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;q\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHq9[bTL.W[QpwOX[;roSQ@[L p\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<orqsptJ+tsqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otrstr

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqptwJ+qpsvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oqropsJ+qqvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;S[\HopostpÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppptrp r qMJ

opowruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxswqpÄĄporwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

O^Koosst p pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrtouÄĄouowtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttrrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louovts(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[S[\H<ppouowJ+srrvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

v O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotturr w (

orqsptJ+tsqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;OT]opvpuso q qMJ

orqrqxQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrworÄĄovpwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporwqtÄĄ

QĂžTouropp p qMJ

oxprsxÄĄpoooopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropptÄĄosrtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppqqsqrr qv qMJ

opqqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppwpvqo qu qMJ U\Lspotsru po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpussqs x pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpussqs qq rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<ppouooJ+srrvqqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppouoo

J+srrvqqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orqsqwJ+tsquqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<ppouooJ+

srrvqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orqsqwJ+tsquqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<orqsqwJ+tsquqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqpqJ+qpsvtqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

S[\H<ppouooJ+srrvqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<orqsqwJ+tsquqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotposuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?20


pxÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;r\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHr9[bTL.W[QpxOX[;pU[7j[Tp \X@S]>Ĺ LR[Ă&#x160;[Ă&#x2DC;]MSÇśS[Q@jÄź]-Ă­jH`H]j[ Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[S0J0Ç&#x161;T\NHS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<otqrqxJ+txqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louowor x 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osqsquJ+qutttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qrsspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvorÄĄovpvqp

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pprpuqu s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqxoqÄĄouoxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsprsÄĄoxprsw

O^Kooqupr p pMJ

pprqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosowtpÄĄotspotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžppwsssq qu qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowstovÄĄpopxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopxoxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louowpu(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<opsorwJ+towtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lousuto x (

otqrqxJ+txqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orovsu

Â&#x201E;OT]opwpssp q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowovroÄĄporvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowqtÄĄoqswsr

QĂžTovptrt p rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqqssÄĄosowtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposuoqÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqqturu qv qMJ

owovroÄĄowtvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsprsÄĄowqvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspotrtp po sMJ

pptrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqpuÄĄpoqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpuspps x pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpuspps qq rMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<opsorpJ+towsoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opsorp J+towsoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opsorpJ+towsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otqrssJ+txqusqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqrssJ+txqusqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orovrxJ+qrsruoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opsorpJ+towsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqrssJ+txqusqtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotoutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?21


qoÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;s\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]x5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHs9[bTL.W[QqoOX[;qU[7j[Tp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<otqqroJ+txqrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louowor x 

Q`;\US[\Oj[L<ososooJ+tuxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovoxsuJ+rtspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqtpxs t pMJ

oxsvpuÄĄopowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvsuÄĄposttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koopsss p pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouqupwÄĄovpurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouoxsqÄĄ

ǜžppxprrx qu qMJ

otruorÄĄovpopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrtqxÄĄouoxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louowrv(

I[+L[H>H^I­]\Oj[L<ovoxsuJ+rtspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lousuto x (

otqqroJ+txqrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<oupwpvJ+rpsrt

Â&#x201E;OT]opxpqsp q qMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrxpoJ+qttpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTowott p rMJ

pqpvtsÄĄopsxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrttwÄĄosowopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppqrporu qv qMJ

outtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvotÄĄoroppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lspotrpr po sMJ

ouoxsqÄĄovrttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosprsuÄĄotsoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpurwr w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpurwr qq qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrxqtJ+qttttSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<osortrJ+tuxrtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrxqtJ+ qttttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuv

xppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osortrJ+tuxrtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovoxrxJ+

rtruoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrxqtJ+qttttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osortrJ+tuxrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovoxrxJ+rtruoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotoqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opstquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?22


qpÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;s\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHs9[bTL.W[QqpOX[;r U[7j[Tp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrworO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovowsvJ+rtptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousprr po 

osoropJ+tuvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[\Oj[L<ouovtuJ+pqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<ovtstpJ+rtsuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owrstoJ+vqxqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qvqutr u pMJ

I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouqtqsÄĄoxsussÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsptt

O^Kooxsw p pMJ

opowosÄĄoptwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutuooÄĄovspttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžppxsst qu qMJ

9^\T9S[\HorqpptÄĄosovppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwppÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;rpurstq w sMJ

opqospÄĄoqsuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowtw(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<owrstoJ+vqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrvps po (

I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovowsvJ+rtptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L

Â&#x201E;OT]oqoporw q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwqpJ+qtttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTowsupr p rMJ

ÄĄoxprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrtosÄĄouqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqrqsrs qv rMJ

pqpvrpÄĄorqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqxqsÄĄotpxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspotqsp po sMJ

pptqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptqrsÄĄopqutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^xpurstq qq qMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<pproqxJ+ pssut U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ouovsxJ+pqptqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ouovsxJ+pqptqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł 9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

ovowsoJ+rtprqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouovsxJ+

pqptqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouovsxJ+pqptqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovowsoJ+rtprqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrtosJ+vroSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovowsoJ+rtprqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ouovsxJ+pqptqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owrtosJ+vroSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?23


qqÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;t\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHt9[bTL.W[QqqOX[;sU[7j[T p\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owrspqJ+vqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovpupv pp 

ououtvJ+ppxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L<ovsupxJ+trort

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxovqoJ+rwtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxrrpt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpxsru u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotrsotÄĄovpstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kooppqw p pMJ

pprppxÄĄoqrsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrxpoÄĄotqoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpppopttw qu rMJ

oqrsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoropqpÄĄosrttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxqo(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<oxrrptJ+xtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqwos pp (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owrspqJ+vqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqpwrs q rMJ

J+xtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxtqJ+qupuo

QĂžToxrpqv p rMJ

porurvÄĄopovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutupuÄĄoxprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqrrwro qv rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswssÄĄorrxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopswtoÄĄ

U\Lspotqpv po sMJ

ovowrwÄĄowsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqwpvÄĄpptspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpurpsq w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpurpsq qq qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ouovpqJ+pqoqoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovsurrJ+trppoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsurrJ+trppoSI[+L[HO`V 99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<ouovpqJ+pqoqoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovsurrJ+trppo SI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouovpqJ+

pqoqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovsurrJ+trppoSI[+L[H<S W[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrrqxJ+xtwroSI[+L[H<S

W[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ouovpqJ+pqoqoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< oxrrqxJ+xtwroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrsosJ+vqvroSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrrqxJ+xtwroSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouovpqJ+pqoqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owrsosJ+vqvroSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovsurrJ+trppoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxrrqxJ+xtwro SI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowoupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoporvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosttopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovovtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?24


qrÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;u\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHu9[bTL.W[QqrOX[;t U[7j[Tp\X@S]>Ĺ LVĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxrqrxJ+xtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtror pq 

owtttsJ+wqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxrqrx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrxqxJ+qtprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqporo v sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxpuÄĄotqopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouposwÄĄouturr

O^Koopxsp p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovssÄĄoptwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpuswÄĄ

ǜžppposxpt qu rMJ

opqusoÄĄoropqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrurtÄĄoxoqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxsq(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<ovstsrJ+tqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpxrp pq (

J+xtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<oxtpooJ+sosqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqquqv q rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowosrxÄĄporuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovssÄĄoqswst

QĂžTopopurx p sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprswÄĄpprporÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopswpwÄĄorpxsw

Ç?Çłppqrtqqq qv rMJ

opoqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovovtoÄĄowsqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lspotptx po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpuqwrp w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpuqwrp qq qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovsttvJ+tqxsoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owtupoJ+wqvrvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovsttvJ+tqxsoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtupoJ+ wqvrvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovsttvJ+tqxsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrqtqJ+xtutvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrqtqJ+xtutvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poopsoJ+ppppqqtS

I[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovsttvJ+tqxsoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxrqtqJ+xtutvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owtupoJ+wqvrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poopsoJ+ppppqqtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowoqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoousqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orprowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?25


qsÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;v\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;>HqxP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHv9[bTL.W[QqsOX[;u U[7j[Tp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];Ăž[/Q[S@SQ

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pooppqJ+pppopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrqrx pr 

<oxrstsJ+poutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pooppqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttsoJ+qrquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpstpqo w sMJ

orrxqqÄĄotqorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutusxÄĄoxprswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koorsqq p pMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxprswÄĄpostovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppquqqÄĄ

ǜžppppqrtq qu rMJ

pptpsoÄĄopqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowspttÄĄpopusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoos(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<owttsoJ+wquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoppqu pr (

pppopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<poosotJ+sppvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrspx q rMJ

\JLotrqpoÄĄovprqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxstpoÄĄppquqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTopppsw p sMJ

opsvstÄĄotruorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwpoÄĄorrxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłppqsupr qv rMJ

pqputwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpostovÄĄpprosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lspotpsv po sMJ

9[TS[\HoqsstoÄĄospoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpuqtqp w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpuqtqp qq qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owttrrJ+wqutSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxrtpoJ+povroSI[+L[H\W+X S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[

@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxrtpoJ+povroSI[+L[H \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpo pqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owttrrJ+wqutSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrtpoJ+povroSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owttrrJ+wqutSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poopqvJ+pppotoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< oxrtpoJ+povroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

poopqvJ+pppotoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poopqvJ+pppotoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxtwrrJ+ppttvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owttrrJ+wqutSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poopqvJ+pppotoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtwrrJ+ppttvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovooopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxpvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?26


qtÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;w\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHw9[bTL.W[QqtOX[;v U[7j[Tp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WO-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<oxtwqvJ+pptsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxptsq ps 

<oxrtoqJ+povpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L<oxssqsJ+porqtvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TOS[\H<oxstqxJ+sorrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxqtqo

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqvsvw x sMJ

qorvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoprxÄĄorpwqq

O^Koottqo p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxssrxÄĄportqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxprsxÄĄ

ǜžpppptxsu qu rMJ

osruroÄĄoupprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrpwÄĄoppwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoqu(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oxqtqoJ+xstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpporqu ps (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGOO\Oj[L<oxtwqvJ+pptsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqsqx q sMJ

J+xstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvoqJ+

QĂžToppsutr p sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrpprÄĄovpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportqpÄĄopovqs

Ç?Çłppqspxuo qv rMJ

oxtxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropqvÄĄosruroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lspotpsr po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpuqqpo w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpuqqpo qq qMJ

U\LO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<oxssqoJ+ poroqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxrstuJ+pouttSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxsspvJ+porqsoSI[+L[H

\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[ WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxrstuJ+pouttS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu

wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrstuJ+pouttSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqt

qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxsspvJ+porqsoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxrstuJ+pouttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtwsqJ+ppuqoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oxqtpqJ+xsstvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<oxsspvJ+porqsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

oxtwsqJ+ppuqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqtpqJ+xsstvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxrstuJ+pouttS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtwsqJ+ ppuqoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

oxqtpqJ+xsstvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ \Oj[L<oxsspvJ+porqsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?27


TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouoxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxprovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orotptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?28


quÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;x\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pt5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHx9[bTL.W[QquOX[;wU[7j[Tp \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]W]H[LOQ]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxqtqvJ+xstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpooqrv pt 

<oxssrqJ+porrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oxqtsxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

xstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvssJ+rwrupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spotwrv po sMJ

pqpsrxJ+puswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotropuÄĄ

O^Kopqqqr p pMJ

oqswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosroqqÄĄouppttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqtqÄĄ

ǜžpppqrutt qu rMJ

posssvÄĄppropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosorowÄĄotrsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpupwtx w sMJ

owqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsospÄĄpopttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louposw(

JUQ]\Oj[L<owqrrrJ+vptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptstq pt (

xtppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxqtqvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqstxtv q sMJ

\Oj[L<owqrrrJ+vptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<

QĂžTopqrptu p sMJ

ovppsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoqruÄĄporstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovptÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqsrrss qv rMJ

oxprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpvrxÄĄosorowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Lspotpst po sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowoqruÄĄowtrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsqtqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpupwtx qq qMJ

popttrÄĄpptpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqqwÄĄpoqvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxssqtJ+porquoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxqtsqJ+xtottSI[+L[H\W+XS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtv xpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxssqtJ+porquoSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqq

qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxqtsqJ+xtottSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxqtqoJ+xstpvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxssqtJ+porquoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqrsvJ+vpuvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxqtsqJ+xtottSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[

Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxqtsqJ+xtottSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqtqoJ+xstpvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqrsv J+vpuvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxqtqoJ+xstpvtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ \Oj[L<oxssqtJ+porquoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owqrsvJ+vpuvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqtsqJ+xtottS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqppqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxoxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?29


qvÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;po\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pu5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpo9[bTL.W[QqvOX[;xU[7j[Tp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqpoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owqsosJ+vputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotrqx pu 

\Oj[L<oxquqoJ+xtqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<owsqsuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovsrqqJ+rtrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqsqtst pp sMJ

pqurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<owotqoJ+urqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

O^Kopttpu p pMJ

possrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptqsÄĄopsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrprsÄĄ

ǜžppprptps qu rMJ

oupqpwÄĄoutvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquppÄĄoroprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpuptsx w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupqpwÄĄovrvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosowopÄĄotrrov

O^SH/Q[J[Loupppo(

59[JU]\Oj[L<outvpwJ+rsqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsstx pu (

wttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SG;S\Oj[L<owqsosJ+vputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqttvsr q sMJ

outvpwJ+rsqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<popxtwJ+

QĂžToprputu p sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrsoÄĄopovovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqwqwÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqssvqu qv rMJ

osoqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqopqÄĄovpposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lspotpts po sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotqxqoÄĄovossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrutuÄĄoupqpw

Â&#x201E;9H^xpuptsx qq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxqupqJ+xtqpoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovsrruJ+rtrtsoSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<owsqrxJ+wtrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J

ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; 99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovsrruJ+rtrtsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxqupqJ+xtqpo SI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsqrxJ+wtrtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxqupqJ+xtqpoSI[+L[H9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqupqJ+xtqpoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outvpoJ+

rsptqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<owsqrxJ+wtrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< owqrtuJ+vpuroSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outvpoJ+rsptqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ M^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owqrtu

J+vpuroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<oxqupqJ+xtqpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outvpoJ+rsptqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owsqrxJ+wtrtSI[+L[H O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouopsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqovrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxotpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?30


qwÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpp9[bTL.W[QqwOX[;po U[7j[Tp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bQ[\XL]59[JU]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WOT\QH/ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<outvsxJ+rsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsvtv pv 

otqwqt\Oj[LoxsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<outvsxJ+rsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9twvrw pq sMJ

txpstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<owottqJ+urrrvt

O^Koqrrsq p pMJ

oupxqqÄĄoxsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsrpuÄĄoxprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppprtssr qu sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvtxÄĄovsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptosÄĄorpupu

S[Č&#x2030;rpupqrw w sMJ

osoprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoptopÄĄpptorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupprq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<otoxqwJ+txpstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprrpr pv (

owsrpwJ+wvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<ovrxprJ+tqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oquttqv r pMJ

<ouottxJ+rprrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otoxqwJ+

QĂžTopsptq q pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<otrrttJ+opuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppqtpt qv rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqwqtÄĄoupxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoutwÄĄoptvtt

U\Lspotqx po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrosvÄĄotqpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpupuÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpupqrw qq qMJ

pptorrÄĄopquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvqpÄĄoqsqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owsrrpJ+wvstSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovrxqwJ+tqxtqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsrrpJ+wvstSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ovrxqwJ+tqxtqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsrrpJ+wvstSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otoxsqJ+

txptqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovrxqwJ+tqxtqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outvsqJ+rsrpqtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<owsrrpJ+wvstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otoxsqJ+txptqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outvsqJ+rsrpqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otoxsqJ+txptqvtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outvsqJ+rsrpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owsrrpJ+wvstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otoxsq J+txptqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovrxqwJ+tqxtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?31


Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lottvtp„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovsqsp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxsvoq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqorru„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqpxqx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losrpqu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lousspx„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxopqo„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppptru„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opprtx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrqv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqsr„Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\ď32


qxÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpr9[bTL.W[QqxOX[;pp U[7j[Tp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotropuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otpoqpJ+txpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqstqr pw 

orotqtJ+tsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<ovsoovJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otpoqpJ+txpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqqqrt pr sMJ

I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<otrsqwJ+opvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L

O^Korpvqv p pMJ

ovoxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrssÄĄopoutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutwpuÄĄ

ǜžpppsrtpv qu sMJ

orrxtvÄĄotqqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswttÄĄorrxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpuxqv w sMJ

osrvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovorpqÄĄowrwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupptt(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotqvrp\Oj[LoxsqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqpxpv pw (

trproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<oupxqwJ+qpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]

Â&#x201E;OT]oqvtrpo r pMJ

osoxtpJ+qusttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orotqtJ+tsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTopssusu q pMJ

<oqswtpJ+trqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvrpÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqtpsso qv rMJ

oxprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxrqÄĄoqroqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

U\Lspotqrq po sMJ

9^\T9S[\HopstpoÄĄoqroqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoropsoÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpuxqv qq qMJ

poqvqqÄĄpptqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovrxtxJ+trppoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqswstJ+trqtqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

oupxsqJ+qpqsqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\L

O[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`V S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqswstJ+trqtqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S prtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrxtxJ+trppoSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqo

qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupxsqJ+qpqsqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[H H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovrxtxJ+ trppoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orotpx J+tsustSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

oupxsqJ+qpqsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orotpxJ+tsustSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otrsqoJ+opvqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< ovrxtxJ+trppoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< orotpxJ+tsustSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?33


roÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ps\Ă&#x160;\OÂ��QQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHps9[bTL.W[QroOX[;pq U[7j[Tp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]LS\W+X>H^­JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ooswsxJ+swqvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opstos px 

\Oj[L<osswrrJ+twqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HS[\H<pptsotJ+suwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uuwpt ps sMJ

oqswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsootÄĄotqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouprqvÄĄ

O^Kosupq p qMJ

orpstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopousrÄĄoptvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžppptputs qu sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqttrÄĄoropssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrworÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqpw(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<ouqoqpJ+qpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ororqr px (

optwrxJ+qpqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ooswsxJ+swqvsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqwtoto r pMJ

OS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLovtxtxÄĄporrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopousrÄĄ

QĂžToptrpru q pMJ

outwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprtuÄĄppqxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsssoÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqtqwpq qv rMJ

pqpsqtÄĄpqtxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoqqwÄĄowrwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspotrp po sMJ

oxoqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpuupv w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpuupv qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ouqoruJ+qpstvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<osswqvJ+twqusvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ouqoruJ+qpstvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osswqvJ+

twqusvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osswqvJ+twqusvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ooswsqJ+swqvqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouqoruJ+qpstvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ooswsqJ+swqvqtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<osswqvJ+twqusvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppttsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouruqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppovsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opouovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?34


rpÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;>HtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpt9[bTL.W[QrpOX[;pr

U[7j[Tp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9^Q­@jÄź]Ă&#x2DC;]Q[KO]M_\G­Q[cOU[:]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O^Ä­M_\G­Q[ P;O[LO^Ä­S.\O­P[O\H\I Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SN^TbJ[T;bĹ&#x201E;Ç&#x2C6;S] M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ S[\H<poqsrwJ+sqqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsuqs qo 

\Oj[L<orpoqwJ+tsqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxpoqwJ+xqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqoqpst pu pMJ

ovowoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxspsuÄĄppqsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoprÄĄ

O^Kostxsp p qMJ

otqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptvswÄĄorsoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžpppttxrr qu sMJ

9^\T9S[\HposrsoÄĄppqwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxsvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;rpuru w sMJ

oqrxsvÄĄososouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqsp(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ossxqxJ+twqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsuos qo (

pprvssJ+ptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<poqsrwJ+sqqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqxswqx r pMJ

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtqqwJ+rwrutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotqtssÄĄ

QĂžTopupuqs q pMJ

otqqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutwsxÄĄoxprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrrsÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqtspsp qv rMJ

oxprssÄĄposrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsppÄĄpqptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspotrrv po sMJ

opqtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrvstÄĄpoprsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^xpuru qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<poqsrpJ+sqqutvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orpoqpJ+tsqrstSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H<poqsrpJ+sqqutvtSI[+L[HO`V

\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orpoqp J+tsqrstSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orpoqpJ+tsqrstSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orpoqpJ+tsqrstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?

WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<poqsrpJ+sqqutvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprvtwJ+ptrortSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poqsrpJ+sqqutvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<orpoqpJ+tsqrstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LospxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpporsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqspspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?35


pÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHpu9[bTL.W[QpÂ&#x201E;@DpsU[7j[Tp \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x2026;OU[:roQ[\S uqrsqo /LW[/LW[ J+pptpqvt <poprSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvrpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovtvpsJ+ruqotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorsxou qp 

Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxppqtJ+xquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rpwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Q[J[L<otswsrJ+rotxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vsrxto pv pMJ

ÄĄoxprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprpxÄĄoqqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvstÄĄ

O^Kottvrv p qMJ

oxsppxÄĄppqrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsppxÄĄporqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpppusrx qv pMJ

osrwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrwosÄĄoupspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupros(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<oproptJ+toptrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqwpq qp (

ovtvpsJ+ruqotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ousrqvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]posuu r qMJ

I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLorsoqqÄĄoupspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtxov

QĂžTopvpw q qMJ

otqvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqstpÄĄoupuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqtttv qv rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxprsvÄĄoxtwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroptsÄĄ

U\Lspotspx po sMJ

pptotrÄĄopptoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpttxtt w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpttxtt qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oproroJ+topuptSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxpprxJ+xquuoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oproroJ+topuptSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L< ovtvovJ+ruqosoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oproroJ+topuptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ovtvovJ+ruqosoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovtvov J+ruqosoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxpprxJ+xquuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovtvovJ+ruqosoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oproroJ+topuptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqorsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosptsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owstruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?36


qÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHpv9[bTL.W[QqÂ&#x201E;@DptU[7j[Tp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqurvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<otrpsoJ+ropxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lostrox qq 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oussqsJ+rqouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<otrpsoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\UOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqstqpJ+qrqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpwtxo pw pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqtvsxÄĄorpqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvopÄĄotqurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koutxst p rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtwovÄĄowsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsspsÄĄ

ǜžpppvqvsq qv pMJ

popqtxÄĄppsxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqrwÄĄpoqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprqv(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[S[\H<pptrpuJ+suprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpotq qq (

ropxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osqoopJ+tvqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]ppsrsq r qMJ

\JLpqptooÄĄoqsxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupsrwÄĄowqxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTopvstsx q qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouptqqÄĄovoustÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsotqÄĄporqpt

Ç?Çłppquwqx qv rMJ

owqxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrurxÄĄpopqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lspottw po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpttust w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpttust qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<pptroxJ+supqtqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<osqoptJ+tvqqstSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oussptJ+rqorvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L 9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<osqoptJ+tvqqstSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pptroxJ+

supqtqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otrprqJ+ropwtoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<pptroxJ+

supqtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otrprqJ+ropwtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otrprq J+ropwtoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oussptJ+rqorvtSI[+L[H\JL

JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otrprqJ+ropwtoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<pptroxJ+supqtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosppsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osororÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?37


rÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qr5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHpw9[bTL.W[QrÂ&#x201E;@DpuU[7j[T p\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtssO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpptqJ+qsrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottwsp qr 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osqotwJ+tvqsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<ppsvooJ+pttxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wrptsr px pMJ

orsosoÄĄouptoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutxstÄĄovssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kowtsx p rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqroxÄĄoupsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsoqvÄĄpqpssx

ǜžpppwprx qv pMJ

outxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtrtÄĄoroqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;rpttrrs w sMJ

9[TS[\HouptoqÄĄovrwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoptsÄĄotqtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprtp(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[S[\H<poqrqxJ+sqrotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otttpr qr (

orpptqJ+qsrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqotptJ+tpsvqo

Â&#x201E;OT]pqsppu r qMJ

W[K½\Oj[L<owtuooJ+wtspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTopwroqv q qMJ

ppqwoqÄĄopsqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpprtÄĄotqtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppquqpsw qv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupsruÄĄovouosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouptoqÄĄ

U\Lspotus po sMJ

otqroxÄĄoutxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrwrrÄĄouptoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^xpttrrs qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<poqrqqJ+sqrorqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppsutsJ+pttxqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

poqrqqJ+sqrorqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpqotJ+qsrqqoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppsutsJ+pttxqqt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpqotJ+ qsrqqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosovtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?38


s„@DroQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\ÊM^S[ŕrvqs9T½[ŕ„WgSt„@D>[Ńpx\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tstU9[ŕuwo\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qs5\ÑTuqrO[+T[bJUpp…OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTs…OU[:tst…QcHpx9[bTL.W[Qs„@DpvU[7j[Tp \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqstpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ „O\LSMS<oporpsJ+pxpqpvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovotrv qs 

1ġS[V[i[9SGO[TO„O\LSMS<oporpsJ+pxpqpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

owtutxJ+wtuso„Mj[I[+L[HǶP\Oj[L<oupvtpJ+qqott„Mj[

„@[T[9wpvqurp qo qMJ

oqsxpv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houptqvġovsssq„Mj[-X[ġposrprġ

O^Koxptrs p rMJ

osrqqqġotqrts„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horpotwġorttru„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pppwtxqx qv pMJ

opqtrp„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopprtoġoqrvro„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsps(

I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊM_O­[V[i[S[\H<oxouqoJ+rxqoqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousqqr qt (

„9gTO\Oj[L<ooorsxJ+sustto„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;W[K½\Oj[L<

„OT]prrwsw r rMJ

I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;\JLovotqsġoxsoop„Mj[-X[ġpqpsrxġ

QþTopxptp q qMJ

pqtvot„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosrqqqġotqrts„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzppqurtr qv rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopqpsġppswtr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswtrġ

U\Lspotvv po sMJ S[ȉrpttoqs w sMJ

„9H^xpttoqs qq qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L O[JS;H[S[Wš[HS[\H<oxoupsJ+rxpxsvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oupwovJ+qqprtSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtutq J+wtuqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupwovJ+ qqprtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHS[\H<oxoupsJ+rxpxsvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<oxoupsJ+rxpxsvtS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxoupsJ+rxpxsvtS I[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oporovJ+pxppuoSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ppowtwJ+psqwsqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT

/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owtutqJ+wtuqqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oporovJ+pxppuoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxoupsJ+rxpxsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ppowtwJ+psqwsqtS I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotropx„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovptox„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxpxrp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppruor„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[optptw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losortt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Loupusv„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owrrsx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hposwos„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqsuqv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqttu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orttpp„Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\ď39


tÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qo\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHqo9[bTL.W[QtÂ&#x201E;@DpwU[7j[Tp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ppoxqpJ+psqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howprpw qt 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotstJ+rutosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

S[\H<popxsoJ+sqqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxrtoqJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpqwpw qp qMJ

I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<orttprJ+tuquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Kopoqwst p sMJ

opsppvÄĄorpoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HortstsÄĄosrxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpppxsurw qv pMJ

oqqtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroqpuÄĄosrxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsrw(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<oxrtoqJ+porttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovrrpo qu (

I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ppoxqpJ+psqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]psrupx r rMJ

porttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<oupwqxJ+qqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTopxtxrr q qMJ

owsvtxÄĄporppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpsoqÄĄpqpqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppquswps qv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxqqÄĄorsotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsppvÄĄ

U\Lspotwpu po sMJ

outwpvÄĄowrtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoquqtÄĄppsxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rptsvpr w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xptsvpr qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotrwJ+rutoqqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupwsrJ+qqrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotrwJ+

rutoqqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotrwJ+rutoqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotrwJ+rutoqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L <oxrstuJ+portrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppoxrvJ+psroqoSI[+L[H\LQ

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrstuJ+portrvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[; Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oupwsrJ+qqrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ppoxrvJ+psroqoS I[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotrwJ+

rutoqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxrstuJ+portrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ .\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovppprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opswoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpossowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?40


uÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qp\Ă&#x160;\OÂ��QQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHqp9[bTL.W[QuÂ&#x201E;@DpxU[7j[Tp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqroxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxrtsoJ+porvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqoqp qu 

ovqusvJ+rtptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxrtsoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owqtouJ+vsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<orttto

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xptpwqr qq qMJ

/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotqospÄĄovttswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxprÄĄ

O^Koppstpo p sMJ

ovoossÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpptuÄĄoqqtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžppqorsrt qv qMJ

owqxrxÄĄoxtwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouoqÄĄoptvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rptssq w sMJ

owrsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtquÄĄoroqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louptoq(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<owqtouJ+vsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowqvst qv (

porvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvoxJ+rxppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]ptrrsw r rMJ

J+tuqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<optottJ+tppvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžToqossp q rMJ

pqpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspoxÄĄosrqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupupuÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqvpqq qv sMJ

oqsxqvÄĄorspoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrqtqÄĄotqsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lspotxrp po sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpptuÄĄpqtuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutvrwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^xptssq qq qMJ

ovrxrwÄĄoxorooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ovqusoJ+rtpstvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owqstxJ+vsqsqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrtrsJ+ porvpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqstxJ+

vsqsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpo

pqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovqusoJ+rtpstvtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrtrsJ+porvpqtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrtrsJ+porvpqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqstxJ+

vsqsqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L <oxrtrsJ+porvpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqusoJ+rtpstvtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owqstx J+vsqsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opssotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HposoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orsvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?41


vÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHqq9[bTL.W[QvÂ&#x201E;@DqoU[7j[Tp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owqtqsJ+vsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqssu qv 

ovpqspJ+rssptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGOO\Oj[L<owqtqs

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovsqpqJ+ttvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqwtsso qr qMJ

ppqqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptvsuÄĄotqstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupusqÄĄ

O^Koprsru p sMJ

ppqqqsÄĄpqpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposqtuÄĄppqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqpqrpw qv qMJ

popppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrttsÄĄortxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptqv(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ovsqpqJ+ttvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqtqs qw (

J+vsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owooprJ+rusosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]purppt r rMJ

ooovtrJ+svpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovttptÄĄ

QĂžToqpqwqu q rMJ

oxtwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppspÄĄopsoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppqvpsqu qv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppswpwÄĄopqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrsouÄĄ

U\Lsppots po sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;rptsotq w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xptsotq qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owqtpwJ+vsrroSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovpqrrJ+rssprvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqtpwJ+vsrroS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovpqrrJ+rssprvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovpqrrJ+rssprvtSI[+L[H

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owqtpwJ+vsrroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

owqtpwJ+vsrroSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L< ovsqouJ+ttvqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqtpwJ+vsrroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpqrrJ+rssprvtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovsqouJ+ttvqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovorqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouostxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?42


w„@DroQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\ÊM^S[ŕrvqs9T½[ŕ„WgSx„@D>[Ńqr\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tstU9[ŕuwo\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qw5\ÑTuqrO[+T[bJUpt…OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTw…OU[:tst…QcHqr9[bTL.W[Qw„@DqpU[7j[T p\X@S]\ÊbT[>L[ƆQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<ovsqoxJ+ttvrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppqsrs qw 

<ovqusoJ+rtpwtqt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovqwtoJ+tqupqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;

„@[T[9popqptsu qs qMJ

ġoupvov„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovopqsġoxpspv„Mj[-X[ġpqppqv

O^Kopsqutp q pMJ

otpxovġoupotx„Mj[-X[ġoxrwqvġppqqpp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppqqpqsu qv qMJ

oxtwrs„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqrvġosrxtq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupttq(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ovqwtoJ+tqupqt„Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LíÊUH\PV[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqsso qx (

ovsqoxJ+ttvrt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<ovrpsrJ+rtrpro

„OT]pvqwsp r sMJ

…OK`\HS[\H<posvttJ+srsq„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;\JLorsprp

QþToqqpqsw q rMJ

ġoqqspx„Mj[-X[ġortqtsġotqpqx„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzppqvqvqt qv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrwqvġporopx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpspvġ

U\Lsppqqr po sMJ

osrxtqġoupvov„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsxpwġoppqqp„Mj[(

S[ȉrptrvsp w sMJ

„9H^xptrvsp qq qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ovqurqJ+rtpwrqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsqoqJ+ttvpvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^Ŧ S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHQ[J[L<ovqurq J+rtpwrqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<ovqurqJ+

rtpwrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ

Q[J[L<ovqurqJ+rtpwrqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H

Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovsqoqJ+ttvpvtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqwsrJ+tqtttSI[+L[H 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovsqoqJ+ttvpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovqurqJ+rtpwrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovqwsrJ+tqtttSI[+L[HXO[ \W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Loutxqu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxorsw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppqoqp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oprups„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orswpq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louopor„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owpwot

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hporqqo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqross„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpopq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrxqw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otposo„Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\ď43


xÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qs\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHqs9[bTL.W[QxÂ&#x201E;@DqqU[7j[Tp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqospO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovqwquJ+tqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqpwrt qx 

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpottJ+rvppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovsuquJ+upqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqtqpu qt qMJ

oqsxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupvrrÄĄowropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqttquÄĄ

O^Kopttpsr q pMJ

oupopwÄĄovoqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrwotÄĄporooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqrqtv qv qMJ

owropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrroxÄĄpoporrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupupu(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ovsuquJ+upqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqrtp ro (

ovqwquJ+tqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovrrqwJ+rtrvsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pwquu r sMJ

S[\H<oxtqqtJ+spqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprttÄĄ

QĂžToqqtvu q rMJ

oroworÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqpuÄĄotqospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppqvsoqp qv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovtspqÄĄowsuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsttwÄĄ

U\Lspprtw po sMJ

poporrÄĄppsvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxorqoÄĄpoquprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rptrsro w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xptrsro qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovrrsrJ+rtrwqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owposvJ+rvpptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqwsoJ+tqtsvtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovrrsrJ+rtrwqtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owposvJ+rvpptSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owposvJ+rvpptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owposvJ+rvpptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqwsoJ+tqtsvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsusoJ+upqrvtSI[+L[H

1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovqwsoJ+tqtsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owposvJ+rvpptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovsusoJ+upqrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpsox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqquswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otousrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?44


poÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ro5\Ă&#x2018;TuqrO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHqt9[bTL.W[QpoÂ&#x201E;@Dqr U[7j[Tp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxtsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovsuorJ+upptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opouso

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJS[\H<oxqtqsJ+sopxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owrtooJ+wptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppwpotu qu qMJ

orsptsÄĄoupvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoqouÄĄovsupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kopvpxr q qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpvrvÄĄouoxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvssÄĄpqprsw

ǜžppqrtrsx qv rMJ

ovoqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtqoÄĄoroqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;rptrpqo w sMJ

oupvtwÄĄovsosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvoxÄĄotpxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupusq(

59[JU]\Oj[L<owrtooJ+wptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

ro O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqprt p (

\Oj[L<ovsuorJ+upptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoursJ+rvqqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pxqrqx r sMJ

Ă&#x2018;]\HS[\H<oxqpqvJ+soxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžToqrspqq q sMJ

ppqutqÄĄoprxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorovroÄĄotpxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppqvtrpr qv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoxrwÄĄovoprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupvtwÄĄ

U\Lspptso po sMJ

otpvrvÄĄouttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossoquÄĄoupvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^xptrpqo qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<oxqtpvJ+sopxpoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovstttJ+upostSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxqtpvJ+sopxpoS I[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxqtpvJ+

sopxpoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrstqJ+wpstvtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovstttJ+upostSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrstq J+wpstvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovstttJ+upostSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqtpvJ+sopxpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owrstqJ+wpstvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpops

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?45


ppÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHqu9[bTL.W[QppÂ&#x201E;@DqsU[7j[Tp \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]-MS[@Tž]h[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<owrspuJ+wprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opsxqw

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owrspuJ+wprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+rxtprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLovopotÄĄoxrvqr

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqosuqp qv qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqspÄĄpqtstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrspqÄĄ

O^Kopwswso q qMJ

oroutwÄĄortpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooxtvÄĄppsvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqsstqp qv rMJ

oqrrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvov(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]S[\H<ppowqpJ+ssrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

p O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvps q (

<oxoxppJ+rxsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LS[\H<oxprro

Â&#x201E;OT]ppoqotp s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprsqÄĄoqtoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupwqsÄĄovsuro

QĂžToqsqtrr q sMJ

otqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrspqÄĄotqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłppqwtuo qv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLppsvrxÄĄopqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopppqpÄĄ

U\Lsppvqw po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rptqwx w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xptqwx qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<ppowprJ+ssrwqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrspoJ+wprpqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ S[\H<ppowprJ+ssrwqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppowprJ+ ssrwqoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppowprJ+ssrwqoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrspoJ+wprpqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<owrspoJ+wprpqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtppqJ+ppqvrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrspoJ+wprpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppowprJ+ssrwqoSI[+L[H

\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtppqJ+ppqvrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppowrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotsxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoupw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?46


pqÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHqv9[bTL.W[QpqÂ&#x201E;@Dqt U[7j[Tp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxsxtqJ+ppqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqwos

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<oppuoxJ+topsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½S[\H<oxqtsuJ+soqruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9orxx p pMJ

pqportÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwrpÄĄorouqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Koqoqoqt q rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprwrpÄĄoqqqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLororpoÄĄ

ǜžppqtrvrp qv rMJ

poqupoÄĄppswruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvrr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpupo\Oj[LoxrvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

q O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqposs r (

<oxsxtqJ+ppqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<porvqsJ+srqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppppwpp s pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowsstrÄĄpoqxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpssrÄĄ

QĂžToqtxsq q sMJ

ortoqtÄĄosrsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtoowÄĄorsqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppqwpwsr qv sMJ

osspopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutsooÄĄowrptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lsppxqr po sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;rptqstw w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xptqstw qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oppuoqJ+topqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oppuoqJ+ topqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oppuoqJ+topqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxtoowJ+ppqsttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtoow J+ppqsttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtoowJ+ppqsttS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oppuoqJ+topqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpposrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqqq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqptooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/oststuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?47


prÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHqw9[bTL.W[QprÂ&#x201E;@Dqu U[7j[Tp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvrvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ppqwtsJ+ptrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ororrx

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ppqwtsJ+ptrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+sprspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotptqwÄĄovtqps

Â&#x201E;@[T[9optqpsx q pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupxpvÄĄovorpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoqrÄĄoqqqor

O^Koqptsx q rMJ

otqvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrotvÄĄoxtwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžppquropv qv rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoutrqvÄĄowrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtqpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvtw(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<orsptxJ+tuvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loroqro s (

ooqtquJ+svturvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLS[\H<oxtrox

Â&#x201E;OT]ppqptro s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrussÄĄpqprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqrpÄĄosrssu

QĂžToqttrsv q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtopuÄĄorsqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrssuÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqwrpqp qv sMJ

opotstÄĄoptwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpoqrÄĄpqtspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsppppqs po sMJ

ororqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsprsÄĄoxortqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rptqpsw w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xptqpsw qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<orsptqJ+tuvsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

orsptqJ+tuvsqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<orsptqJ+tuvsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orsptqJ+ tuvsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppqwsuJ+ptrrptSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ppqwsuJ+ptrrptSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

orsptqJ+tuvsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowssowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppoosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotspqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwqt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?48


ps„@DroQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\ÊM^S[ŕrvqs9T½[ŕ„WgSpt„@D>[Ńqx\Ê\O¾QQ[X[tstU9[ŕuwo\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]s„QuqrO[+T[bJUqp…OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTps…OU[:tst…QcHqx9[bTL.W[Qps„@DqvU[7j[Tp \X@S]W[\OÊ]>H^­JU]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotputrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ „O\LSMS<opqrqtJ+qoqprt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrvqo

\Oj[L<oupvrqJ+qrwro„Mj[I[+L[H„S[\XG]9SGU9^\L„O\LSMS<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HL[;„R[;-\H;ĚS[\H<poqxttJ+srvto„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9oqvqvpx r pMJ

otqvqs„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpxssġoxtwsv„Mj[-X[ġpqpopqġ

O^Koqrqxss q sMJ

posqrtġppquqs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvptġopqtqr„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppqvqrso qv sMJ

ortsss„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwqs(

I[+L[HI[\>LíÊPSG]\Oj[L<orsortJ+tusro„Mj[I[+L[H9`\ġ9[

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortrou t (

opqrqtJ+qoqprt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<oqqsptJ+tqttpvt

„OT]pprpqsw s pMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLovtpsvġppqpou„Mj[-X[ġoptwotġ

QþToqurvsx q sMJ

oprvto„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpouġpqprqt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzppqwsrtt qv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrpopġpooxow„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqrqrtġ

U\Lsppprrq po sMJ S[ȉrptpwrv w sMJ

„9H^xptpwrv qq qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

„R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<opqrpwJ+qoqppvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oupvquJ+qrwptSI[+L[H O`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[ „íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<

opqrpwJ+qoqppvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqst vxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oupvquJ+qrwptSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqr qsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupvquJ+ qrwptSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/„O\LSMS<opqrpwJ+ qoqppvtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(„O\LSMS<opqrpwJ+qoqppvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oupvquJ+qrwptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lourtto„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowsopq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpotuss„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oppqrx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orqsru„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotrvqw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtsqx

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpoowss„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqovow„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsurv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpttr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvot„Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\ď49


ptÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ro\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHro9[bTL.W[QptÂ&#x201E;@DqwU[7j[Tp \X@S].\@Â&#x201E;Qg\L Q^SO^S\Jj[\XL[\L NT[X[S]9[\T9[M^@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpupoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsqvJ+qtqtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ospopq

\Oj[L<owtrovJ+xxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGL[;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tvtwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[S[\H<ppoxppJ+sssvrvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pxqxp r sMJ

ovortsÄĄoxptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpooqÄĄoqqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koqtvq q sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxruoxÄĄppqotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxruoxÄĄ

ǜžppqwpvru qv sMJ

ororsoÄĄosspttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosspttÄĄouqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwtp(

I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<oupupoJ+qrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

t O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lossrpp u (

orqsqvJ+qtqtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<osqstuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ppspos s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLorsqtwÄĄouqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžToqvqpsw r pMJ

orswsqÄĄotpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpsowÄĄouourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłppqwtuqt qv sMJ

poqwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxptouÄĄoxtwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lsppptsu po sMJ

9[TS[\HppswpoÄĄoppopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rptptqu w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xptptqu qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oupuorJ+qrssvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owtrqpJ+xxsoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupuorJ+qrssvtS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupuorJ+qrssvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

owtrqpJ+xxsoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsqoJ+qtqtroSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtrqpJ+

xxsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L

<oupuorJ+qrssvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsqoJ+qtqtro SI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<oupuorJ+qrssvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsqoJ+qtqtroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

owtrqpJ+xxsoSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opowsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtors

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoosswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqorpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?50


puÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] uÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHp/=[.W[QpuÂ&#x201E;@DqxU[7j[Tp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<otqqptJ+roqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossrpp

9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<osqrrsJ+tvttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HS[\H<ppsspqJ+supusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqproqt s sMJ

owrprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtrrqÄĄorosroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswoxÄĄ

O^Koqusttv r pMJ

oxrttqÄĄpoqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtottÄĄowsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqxpqu qv sMJ

poowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoowsoÄĄppsvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxpv(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<owtqouJ+xurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

u O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotrrqo v (

otqqptJ+roqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oupvsoJ+qsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pptvpx s qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprpvÄĄoqtosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqorvÄĄ

QĂžToqwtsr r pMJ

otptqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouottvÄĄoutwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqxwto qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HovsvtuÄĄowrprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowropuÄĄ

U\Lspppwu po sMJ

oxosqoÄĄpoquppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rptpqpu w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xptpqpu qq qMJ

ǜžO\ž/H/\Oj[L<oqovqsJ+ tqpuqqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owtqooJ+xupvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<ppssotJ+supuroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ S[\H<ppssotJ+supuroSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv

pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtqooJ+xupvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtqooJ+xupvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otqqouJ+roqprqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otqqouJ+

roqprqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqqouJ+roqprqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owtqooJ+xupvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otqqouJ+roqprqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opossuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsurw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orowopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?51


pvÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] vÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHq/=[.W[QpvÂ&#x201E;@DroU[7j[Tp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpssvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovovqvJ+rssuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otpvpq

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oupupxJ+qrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<ooovspJ+svpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qrrtr t sMJ

ovswpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquowÄĄoprutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorosorÄĄ

O^Koqwquqo r pMJ

oxrtruÄĄpqprpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouotqsÄĄoutvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoovv p pMJ

orosopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpqtpÄĄoutpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossqrr

S[Č&#x2030;rptxt w sMJ

ÄĄotpssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxss(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<pppwssJ+ptpssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

v O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqsoo w (

ovovqvJ+rssuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovtrrpJ+usrpo

Â&#x201E;OT]ppusrr s qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsrquÄĄouqposÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovosrxÄĄ

QĂžToqwsxrs r pMJ

otpssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpqtpÄĄouotqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqxqppo qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HouqposÄĄovosrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtqxÄĄ

U\Lsppqorr po sMJ

ÄĄouqposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqposÄĄovsqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrot

Â&#x201E;9H^xptxt qq qMJ

ǜžO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twtvsvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pppwtwJ+ptptpvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pppwtwJ+ptptpvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovovsqJ+rssvvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/

Q[J[L<ovovsqJ+rssvvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oupurrJ+qrxptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pppwtwJ+ptptpvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ Q[J[L<ovovsqJ+rssvvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orosotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?52


pw„@DroQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\ÊM^S[ŕrvqs9T½[ŕ„WgSpx„@D>[ŃrO[QLQ[X[tstU9[ŕuwo\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]w„QuqrO[+T[bJUqt…OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTpw…OU[:tst…QcHr/=[.W[Qpw„@Dp\ƵT9Jp\X@S] SŦ[H`H]j[

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ „Wń[<owrqrpJ+rwqoso„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ottrot

9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<ovtqrsJ+usosvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„Wń[<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;;Ě\Oj[L<oopspuJ+svrurqt„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ

„@[T[9qptsupv u rMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqprpġovswrq„Mj[-X[ġposqrsġpqtrot

O^Kpowv r qMJ

ġotqwts„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hororruġorsvov„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾opqrx p pMJ

9[TS[\Hopoxqsġoqrotx„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqopo(

>H^I­]LíÊ.Í­[„O\LSMS<opqwosJ+qorxrqt„Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

w O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovptqq x (

owrqrpJ+rwqoso„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxotrxJ+xst„Mj[

„OT]ppvpst s rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutvqxġoxrtqo„Mj[-X[ġpqprpqġoqtpor

QþToqxrrqr r pMJ

„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosrupvġotqwts„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrupv

Ǐdzppqxrrqt qv sMJ

poowprġppsutr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsutrġopqtrr„Mj[(

U\Lsppqrt po sMJ S[ȉrpttts w sMJ

„9H^xpttts qq qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9„O\LSMS<opqvtwJ+qorxpvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxotrpJ+xsssoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9

„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxotrpJ+xsssoS I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt

quLíÊH„O\LSMS<opqvtwJ+qorxpvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[„T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<opqvtwJ+qorxpvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„Wń[<owrqqsJ+rwqoqqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[

„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<opqvtwJ+qorxpvtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[ <owrqqsJ+rwqoqqtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtqqvJ+usoroSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<opqvtwJ+qorxpvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owrqqsJ+rwqoqqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louqoov„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowqsqx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpospoq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtutu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orowtq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotqpst„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovrwsv„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxtrop„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpptpqs„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprotr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orooox„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrpqo„Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\ď53


pxÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;sO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHs/=[.W[QpxÂ&#x201E;@Dq\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] 1Q[>H^I­]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxrotwJ+soswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourprw po 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxotoqJ+xsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

svrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLowsqqsÄĄpoqvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqwvpq v rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsurvÄĄosroorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtpprÄĄ

O^Kpptppp r qMJ

orosqsÄĄossrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutoqvÄĄowqxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqorv(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpqtwJ+qtrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howovqp po (

oxrotwJ+soswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<ooooqqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ppvtwtv s rMJ

S[\HoxptsrÄĄpqoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprupxÄĄororppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTpopvw r qMJ

orsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprupxÄĄoqpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppqxstrt qv sMJ

9[TS[\HpoqupwÄĄppsvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoptwsp p pMJ

U\Lsppqtss po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rptqss w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xptqss qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxostuJ+xsrpqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpqtoJ+qtqtvtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxostuJ+

xsrpqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpw qoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpqtoJ+qtqtvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpqtoJ+qtqtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxrotpJ+sosvuoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpqtoJ+qtqtvtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxrotpJ+sosvuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxostuJ+xsrpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpqtoJ+qtqtvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxrotpJ+sosvuoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqtqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orostuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovrstp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?54


qoÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;tO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHt/=[.W[QqoÂ&#x201E;@Dr\ĆľT9Jp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqtpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ S[\H<oxtxrqJ+sqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourprw po 

\Oj[L<oxswstJ+pprspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxtxrqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotppotÄĄovsxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrstq

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rposoqp w rMJ

ÄĄovotswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpxÄĄoqpxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kprrtqu r rMJ

owrqrpÄĄoxtxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopottrÄĄoptwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqttpp p pMJ

owqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtspÄĄorosruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpos(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Q[J[L<osqxquJ+qwpttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howovqp po (

sqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OS[\H<ppqqqoJ+stqwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwtuv s rMJ

ÄĄpqprowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsspoÄĄosruttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqqqu

QĂžTpposx r qMJ

oqtpqsÄĄorsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosruttÄĄotqxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłppqxtvso qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqoxpxÄĄpqtqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutoooÄĄ

U\Lsppqwqx po sMJ

ovsrssÄĄoxotoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpstxrr w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpstxrr qq qMJ

Ç?ÇłO\ž/H/\Oj[L<oxtoosJ+ pprvqvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<osqxspJ+qwpuroSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqxspJ+

qwpuroSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtxquJ+sqotqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxswtxJ+pprsstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<osqxspJ+qwpuroSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxtxquJ+sqotqtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ 

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oropooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxstoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?55


qpÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[QqpÂ&#x201E;@Ds\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<oxtvppJ+sptusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovprqw pp 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pooqpsJ+pqxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<oxtvpp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLovsxooÄĄppqopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqrqvsp x rMJ

pqoxprÄĄoprtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqopwÄĄpqprovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kptqosv r rMJ

opqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqwrvÄĄpoovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqprp(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Q[J[L<otptsoJ+ropqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtxrp pp (

J+sptusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HS[\H<poqoprJ+sqtspt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppxtrpu s rMJ

optwsuÄĄotroosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqtsÄĄoxtxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTppssqv r qMJ

9^\T9S[\HposqrwÄĄppqtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsusqÄĄ

Ç?Çłooxso p pMJ

oqqxtsÄĄortposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžortqx p qMJ

U\Lspprpqo po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpstuqq w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpstuqq qq qMJ

Ç?ÇłO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txrrvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otptttJ+roprroSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<otptttJ+roprroSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

otptttJ+roprroSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LQ[J[L<otptttJ+roprroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<oxtvotJ+sptuqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtvotJ+sptuqtS

I[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

pooqouJ+pqwtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<

oxtvotJ+sptuqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ 

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouowpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqstowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxspprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqswqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?56


qqÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;vO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHv/=[.W[QqqÂ&#x201E;@Dt\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpprxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<oxqsptJ+sortsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtwtx pq 

9SG;S\Oj[L<oxssqsJ+ppquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxqspt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;XV­GÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrsoJ+rxpxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9suroqt po qMJ

pqoxovÄĄoqpwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstprÄĄotpprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpvvx r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrsquÄĄpoqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpupsÄĄ

ǜžossxrr p qMJ

osssppÄĄouqrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvroÄĄopowrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqptx(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Q[J[L<otrqosJ+rottpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtpow pq (

J+sortsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owtutsJ+xqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]pqotoqt s sMJ

orssspÄĄouqrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoursÄĄoxpupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTpqqwq r qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotoxtxÄĄouoqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsquÄĄppqopr

Ç?Çłooqprt p pMJ

oxtxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorotopÄĄosssppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lspprspw po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpstrpq w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpstrpq qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<otrptuJ+rotstqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Q[J[L<otrptuJ+rotstqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otrptuJ+rotstqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H <oxqsowJ+sortqqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxqsowJ+sortqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[

8L[bL/S[\H<oxqsowJ+sortqqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 

9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxsspvJ+ppqtst SI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otrptuJ+rotstqtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqsowJ+ sortqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouosqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowowstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotouopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opptppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?57


qrÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;wO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] prÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHw/=[.W[QqrÂ&#x201E;@Du\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqtsJ+rwrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowswpr pr 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owtvotJ+xqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqts

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<ovosqtJ+rssvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spxswtv pp qMJ

pqtqpoÄĄoroprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsssuÄĄotppotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpwtsqu r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovswqoÄĄowsppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtoovÄĄ

ǜžotsvqr p qMJ

poovqpÄĄppsurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxotrwÄĄpoqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqqu(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Q[J[L<otpxsoJ+roqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpospqp pr (

J+rwrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovsqrsJ+uqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]pqpsvrq s sMJ

pqprovÄĄoqtptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqrsxÄĄowrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTprpprr r qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouoqqtÄĄouttqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsptÄĄpoqvpq

Ç?Çłoorrqs p pMJ

owrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqworÄĄpoovqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lspprvqp po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpstop w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpstop qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<otpxtsJ+roqutSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovsqqwJ+uqrstSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ovsqqwJ+uqrstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otpxtsJ+roqutSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupw qoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otpxtsJ+roqutSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqsvJ+rwrpvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otpxtsJ+ roqutSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqsvJ+rwrpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owtutxJ+xqwsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otpxtsJ+roqutS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqsvJ+rwrpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouooqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opppptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osppsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?58


qsÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;xO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] psÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:roP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHx/=[.W[QqsÂ&#x201E;@Dv\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotporpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<outusrJ+rsqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxsoto ps 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovsrpoJ+uqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qqotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<osttorJ+qxqtpqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9trqqtp pq rMJ

ovovqpÄĄovtoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqttpÄĄoprtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpposqrt s pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrsosÄĄpqprowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoptxÄĄouttoo

ǜžoustrw p rMJ

orotqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotowtwÄĄouswqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossstp

S[Č&#x2030;rpssuto w sMJ

ÄĄotporpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqts(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Q[J[L<ossqotJ+qwtqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqxqx ps (

outusrJ+rsqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouostqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqqssrw s sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLorstpqÄĄouqspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTprttp r rMJ

oroppuÄĄotporpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotowtwÄĄouoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłoostw p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqspuÄĄovovqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquoqÄĄ

U\Lsppsoro po sMJ

ÄĄouqspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqspuÄĄovstorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxss

Â&#x201E;9H^xpssuto qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ossqqoJ+qwtrqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ossqqo J+qwtrqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L< ossqqoJ+qwtrqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ossqqoJ+

qwtrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outuruJ+rsqxtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(

\Oj[L<ovsrorJ+uqtpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ossqqoJ+qwtrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<

outuruJ+rsqxtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovptpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?59


qtÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;poO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/=[.W[QqtÂ&#x201E;@Dw\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxtxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<otoxpxJ+roqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporuox pt 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouottpJ+qqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<otoxpx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqwoqJ+qrpwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpvpotp pr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqsssÄĄovtosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqtoÄĄpqtptr

O^Kppqrprp s pMJ

osrwrsÄĄotrprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorootuÄĄorsrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžovsspv p rMJ

opquowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopowopÄĄoqqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrqp(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrpuJ+ququtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqptpp pt (

J+roqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osowqxJ+tvrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]pqrspsr t pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutsrxÄĄoxrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqproxÄĄoqtqqs

QĂžTpsrwqt r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrwrsÄĄotrprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłootusu p pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoovotÄĄppsuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsuruÄĄ

U\Lsppsrst po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpssrso w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpssrso qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrpoJ+ququsqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<osowqqJ+tvrotqtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osowqqJ+

tvrotqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv

pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrpoJ+ququsqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrpoJ+ququsqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT

Â&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otoxppJ+ropstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otoxppJ+ropstSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouotsrJ+qqrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LS MS<orsrpoJ+ququsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otoxppJ+ropstSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqspqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HoxqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?60


quÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[QquÂ&#x201E;@Dx\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] M[Ä&#x161;O[\L@­T[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotooJ+qstqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpprrqx pu 

Ç&#x2030;[H]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osoxqwJ+tvrrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<ppsusoJ+pururvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upppo ps rMJ

owsoruÄĄpoqutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpvooÄĄpqowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppsqppo s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtqrvÄĄorststÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprssqÄĄ

ǜžowsrpx p rMJ

ousvsoÄĄowqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoquswÄĄppsvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrsx(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqutqJ+qrpvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtwrt pu (

MS<orotooJ+qstqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<optvqpJ+tqsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqsrwsv t pMJ

M\S<\Oj[L<owtrqxJ+xqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTptqpst r rMJ

oprssqÄĄoroorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsrrsÄĄosqurp

Ç?Çłopwpw p pMJ

oqpvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorottsÄĄosstrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lsppsvu po sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;rpssoqx w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpssoqx qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqussJ+qrpusvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L 9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqussJ+qrpusvt SI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqussJ+qrpusvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orostsJ+qstqpqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orostsJ+

qstqpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orostsJ+qstqpqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< ppsurrJ+puruqoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orostsJ+qstqpqtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotswrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpooxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqqtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovovqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?61


qvÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pqO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/=[.W[QqvÂ&#x201E;@Dpo\ĆľT9Jp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowtwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pqswoxJ+pxppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrqpt pv 

Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<pqtvtpJ+pxrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<owtsowJ+xquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uptqosr pt rMJ

ÄĄovsvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrruÄĄpqprprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsuoqÄĄ

O^Kppuppqv s qMJ

oqpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtqtoÄĄorsuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžoxsqss p rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopouqtÄĄoptxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowstÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;rpsrvpw w sMJ

opquqqÄĄorouowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsuosÄĄoxouqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqspu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotovrt\Oj[LoxrrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opsopq pv (

pqswoxJ+pxppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<pprtsuJ+supoqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqtrttp t pMJ

\UO\Oj[L<ottrsuJ+pturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotovrt

QĂžTputr r rMJ

osrxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqtrxÄĄovowrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowstÄĄ

Ç?Çłoppxst p pMJ

osrxpsÄĄotrqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrspxÄĄpooootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspptorq po sMJ

pqtprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousvqoÄĄowqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^xpsrvpw qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pqtwouJ+pxrupvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ottsopJ+ptvvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9

S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ottsopJ+ptvvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L 9L½[O`\��˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< pqtwouJ+pxrupvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqswooJ+pxppqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqtwouJ+pxrupvtS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqswooJ+pxppqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

poqqprJ+prvrvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <owtsqrJ+xqvSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqswooJ+pxppqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pqtwou

J+pxrupvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<poqqpr J+prvrvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotssssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpootrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovorqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxpvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qwÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;prO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/=[.W[QqwÂ&#x201E;@Dpp\ĆľT9Jp \X@S]

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?62


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<poqrqpJ+prpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqpu pw 

\OU[:[\Oj[L<ppqotwJ+ptrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sospqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovtrtvJ+utvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqxruts pu rMJ

oqtotpJ+tsqopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLovsutvÄĄ

O^Kppwqqo s rMJ

pooopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowsrÄĄoprsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžoposqro p sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsurwÄĄopquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqutsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsss(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ovtrtvJ+utvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqotr pw (

\Oj[L<poqrqpJ+prpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<oxowtpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqurqts t pMJ

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<ottsswJ+ptxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<

QĂžTpuswpu r sMJ

ppqoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptxsvÄĄotrqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouquouÄĄ

Ç?Çłoprpu p pMJ

ppqoooÄĄpqprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrorÄĄppqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspptss po sMJ

poousuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqvtrÄĄorswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpsrsw w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpsrsw qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ottsspJ+ptwsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ppqppqJ+ptrttSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxsooq

J+ppqrpoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og  Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ottssp

J+ptwsvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpv pwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppqppqJ+ptrttSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<oxsooqJ+ppqrpoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottsspJ+ptwsvtSI[+L[H P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

poqrpsJ+prpopoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppqppqJ+ptrttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovtrtoJ+utvsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsooqJ+ppqrpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppqppqJ+ptrttSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqrpsJ+prpopoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovtrtoJ+utvsoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ottsspJ+ptwsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<poqrpsJ+prpopoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppqppqJ+ptrttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovtrtoJ+utvsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsooqJ+

ppqrpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoopsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoutxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxprsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?63


qxÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;psO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHps/=[.W[QqxÂ&#x201E;@Dpq\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowopO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovttooJ+vortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrrso px 

\Oj[L<oxsppqJ+ppqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<owoptoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ousoqwJ+rrtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otqvoq

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vprtupo pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLorsuruÄĄouqursÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kppxtrsr s rMJ

orsqroÄĄotowopÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotousuÄĄouoootÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžoppsqrv p sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpvrvÄĄpoooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorourvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;rpsrotv w sMJ

ppsvpwÄĄopovqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtpp(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<otqvoqJ+otprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oropss px (

vpwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovttooJ+vortÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqvqxtt t qMJ

J+otprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½S[\H<ppsvttJ+susqtqt

QĂžTpvrpqv r sMJ

ovoxqoÄĄoxpvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowspÄĄoqputwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłopsqqp p pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrqqÄĄppqoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrqqÄĄpoqusp

U\Lspptvsr po sMJ

ossurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossurtÄĄouqursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^xpsrotv qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxsposJ+ppqtstSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owopsrJ+vpwqoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otqutsJ+otppvtSI[+L[HO`V

\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxspos J+ppqtstSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owopsrJ+vpwqoSI[+L[Hqrtv

xpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovtstqJ+voptSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsposJ+ppqtstSI[+L[H <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqutsJ+otppvtS I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

owopsrJ+vpwqoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovtstqJ+voptSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otqutsJ+otppvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovtstqJ+ voptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsposJ+ppqtstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqutsJ+

otppvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owopsrJ+vpwqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouttrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxoxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppowoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?64


roÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ptO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/=[.W[QroÂ&#x201E;@Dpr\ĆľT9Jp \X@S]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SĆ&#x;[LR[Ă&#x160;[-Ç&#x192;^O[>]X\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<otqwouJ+otspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorruto qo 

\Oj[L<owoqtsJ+vqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<ouroopJ+rro

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TOQ[J[L<ospuotJ+qvtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<orottsJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqwpstx pw sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprqrÄĄoqtrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kpqpstrt s sMJ

orsqppÄĄotovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottxstÄĄoutrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžopqsrt p sMJ

owrxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtqquÄĄowrtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;rpsqvsu w sMJ

9[TS[\HoxovpoÄĄpoqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtrx(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<orottsJ+tstxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsrtx qo (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L<otqwouJ+otspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pqwqutv t qMJ

tstxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsxqoJ+rxpvqqt

QĂžTpwpsrr r sMJ

ouqvopÄĄowrtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtpqqÄĄoqtxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłoptrro p pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrpuÄĄpoqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsuroÄĄ

U\Lspqpqu po sMJ

owqurqÄĄpoourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoourvÄĄppsusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^xpsqvsu qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owoqsuJ+vqotvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ouroptJ+rrortSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otqvtxJ+otsSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[ O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<owoqsuJ+vqotvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owoqsuJ+

vqotvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouroptJ+rrortSI[+L[Hprsuv popqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqvtxJ+otsSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[TX=9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owoqsuJ+vqotvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouroptJ+rrortSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L

<orouovJ+ttoptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otqvtxJ+otsSI[+L[H

9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orouovJ+ttoptSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqvtxJ+

otsSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owoqsuJ+vqotvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<orouovJ+ttoptSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqoxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Loutpru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxottpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpposprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?65


rpÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pvO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:tstÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/=[.W[QrpÂ&#x201E;@Dps\ĆľT9Jp \X@S]-Ç&#x192;^O[>]T\QT

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oottrsJ+sxrssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lossqov qp 

<otoxssJ+opovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ǜžQ[J[L<ottvtxJ+rqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpqqxsx px sMJ

ovtqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquooÄĄoprrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxpsÄĄ

O^Kpqrrvto t pMJ

oxrrpoÄĄpqprqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottxqvÄĄoutqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoprsrtq q pMJ

orovovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotouopÄĄousupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvpw

S[Č&#x2030;rpsqsru w sMJ

ÄĄotovpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louquou(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<ourpouJ+rrqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqwtu qp (

optxrxJ+qqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oottrsJ+sxrssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqxqrtv t qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsvppÄĄouqvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpoovÄĄ

QĂžTpwtvru r sMJ

otovpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotouopÄĄottxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqsrr p pMJ

9^\T9S[\HouqvqxÄĄovpoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqutuÄĄ

U\Lspqtpt po sMJ

ÄĄouqvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqvqxÄĄovsvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvpq

Â&#x201E;9H^xpsqsru qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ourotwJ+rrqqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otoxrvJ+oxtoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S \QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourotwJ+

rrqqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpp

pqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ourotwJ+rrqqqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otoxrvJ+oxtoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otoxrvJ+oxtoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< oottqvJ+sxrsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otoxrvJ+oxtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oottqvJ+sxrsqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourotwJ+rrqqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oottqvJ+sxrsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otoxrvJ+oxtoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqotsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LousvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppoopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?66


p.V[iroQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pwO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/=[.W[Qp.X[Spt\ĆľT9Jp\X@S]

W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x201E;@DroQ[\S uqrtqp I[+>[ J+rvtqt <qopuSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotousuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<ppooopJ+sssttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotsxqw qq 

<osostvJ+tvqwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ppttsx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvswJ+qtropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqurvqq qo sMJ

S[\HouqvtuÄĄovtrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrqwÄĄpqtppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpqtroqv t pMJ

otrsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtxooÄĄorsprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžopssstx q pMJ

9[TS[\HopovpqÄĄoqqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqurs(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<otpoqxJ+opqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpvsu qq (

J+pvtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<ppooopJ+sssttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]qoqotv t rMJ

\JLoutqrxÄĄoxrrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprrrÄĄoqtsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTpxsoru r sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossotwÄĄotrsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossotwÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqptqx p pMJ

poourpÄĄppsuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsuswÄĄopqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspqxpo po sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;rpsqpqt w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpsqpqt qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otpoqqJ+oppsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pptuosJ+pvttvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L< osostoJ+tvqwsoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otpoqqJ+oppsqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pptuosJ+pvttvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otpoqqJ+oppsqtS

I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osostoJ+tvqwsoSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt pvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpoqq J+oppsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osostoJ+tvqwsoSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otpoqqJ+oppsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<potxttJ+ ssstrtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otpoqqJ+oppsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<potxttJ+ssstrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osostoJ+tvqwsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqoptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LousrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqotovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?67


q.V[iroQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pxO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/=[.W[Qq.X[Spu\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxqrtwJ+sosuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loutvtw qr 

\Oj[L<orqosrJ+ttrxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owsrtxJ+xvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xporsrx qq pMJ

owrxroÄĄpoqursÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpwrpÄĄpqowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpqvqrqp t qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtsptÄĄorsvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprrsrÄĄ

ǜžoptsuqr q pMJ

oustssÄĄowquovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqvrwÄĄppsvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvop(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<osotsqJ+tvrotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loupppp qs (

pooxsoJ+pqsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxqrtwJ+sosuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qppvtu t rMJ

\Oj[L<pqtqqrJ+pxqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTppoqrrq s pMJ

oprrsrÄĄoqtwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsppxÄĄosqrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoqquqo p pMJ

oqpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorovrwÄĄosswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lspqprpo po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpspwps w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpspwps qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<orqortJ+ttrwsvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pooxrsJ+pqsoroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orqort

J+ttrwsvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orqortJ+ttrwsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

oxqrsxJ+sosuvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pooxrsJ+pqsoroSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqrsxJ+sosuvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orqortJ+

ttrwsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?68


r.V[iroQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qoO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qsÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/=[.W[Qr.X[Spv\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpotuJ+rvsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howotso qs 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owssqsJ+xwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<possrxJ+pswtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqspxps qr pMJ

ovstsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrqtxÄĄpqprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswotÄĄ

O^Kpqxpuqx t qMJ

oqpuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtsroÄĄorswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžopuswu q qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopovpxÄĄoqootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowsoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;rpsptr w sMJ

opqvqtÄĄorovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovswqxÄĄoxowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvqx(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<orooruJ+tssxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovowtv qt (

owpotuJ+rvsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovsspvJ+urwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqpsts t rMJ

\Oj[L<owtvsrJ+xsqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLototosÄĄ

QĂžTpppuqt s pMJ

osspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqwtoÄĄovpppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowsoÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqrvr p pMJ

osspsoÄĄotrtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrupuÄĄpooppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspqpvpu po sMJ

pqtpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustrqÄĄowquooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^xpsptr qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owposxJ+rvssqqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<orooqxJ+tssxptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owsspvJ+

xwqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owposxJ+rvssqqt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orooqxJ+tssxptSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owposxJ+rvssqqtS I[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

owsspvJ+xwqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owposxJ+rvssqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orooqxJ+tssxptSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?69


s.V[iroQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qtÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/=[.W[Qs.X[Spw\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovqstuJ+rttoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxpoor qt 

J+ttwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<ovssqrJ+urwuo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovprosJ+tqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<owtvswJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9povsxpx qs pMJ

.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLovstspÄĄppqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqopovÄĄ

O^Kqpxsx t rMJ

oprrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoprÄĄpqprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžopvtou q qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowqttsÄĄpoouqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqurtÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvtu(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<orovts

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowoxsq qu (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovqstuJ+rttoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]qrpptq t rMJ

xsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<ovrrtuJ+uprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTpppsxps s pMJ

otrtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqxpvÄĄpoopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowsqÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqsvso p pMJ

posrtoÄĄppqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvoqÄĄopqvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspqqpqv po sMJ

orsuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpspptr w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpspptr qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<orovsuJ+ttwtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovssruJ+urxrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orovsu J+ttwtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orovsuJ+ttwtS I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ovqtpp

J+rttpSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orovsuJ+ttwtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovqtpp J+rttpSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovssruJ+urxrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovqtppJ+

rttpSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orovsuJ+ttwtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L \H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovpvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpossrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?70


t.V[iroQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qqO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]quÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/=[.W[Qt.X[Spx\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovowqwJ+rtxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoowtt qu 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovprpoJ+tqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<ovrsoqJ+uprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqprtq qt pMJ

orswspÄĄouqxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpqouÄĄoxpxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqrrpv t rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosrqÄĄottwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrqtuÄĄppqopv

ǜžopwtqqr q qMJ

poopruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorowqtÄĄossxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwqr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<orstotJ+tuspuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxpppx qv (

ovowqwJ+rtxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovpqotJ+tpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qswsx t sMJ

\Oj[L<oursrwJ+rsttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTppqrptx s pMJ

pqowssÄĄoqpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoruÄĄototqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłoqtwpp p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrqtuÄĄpoquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpxpsÄĄ

U\Lspqqtsr po sMJ

ossxosÄĄouqxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvrqÄĄopovooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpswsq w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpswsq qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orstpxJ+tusqrtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovprorJ+tqppvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<orstpxJ+tusqrtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orstpxJ+tusqrtS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orstpxJ+tusqrtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovowsrJ+rtpoqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orstpxJ+tusqrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovowsrJ+rtpoqvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovprorJ+tqppvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovowsrJ+

rtpoqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orstpxJ+tusqrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotoxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovprsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppsuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?71


u.V[iroQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qrO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qvÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/=[.W[Qu.X[Sqo\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototosO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ovqrqpJ+rtsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppoppv qv 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ostqtrJ+txrpuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO[TO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rtsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovsqqvJ+urtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppsqrx qu pMJ

ottxtpJ+qpxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsotÄĄ

O^Kqstuto t sMJ

oqtwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoqsÄĄototosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžopxtstu q qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovstqwÄĄowrxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtssxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;rpstrp w sMJ

poouroÄĄppsvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxowtrÄĄpoqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwto(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<orsstpJ+tuspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoppsv qw (

\Oj[L<ovpptpJ+tpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ovqrqpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qttsu t sMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<oursqsJ+rstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<

QĂžTpprpssp s pMJ

oqttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouropoÄĄowrvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtpouÄĄ

Ç?Çłorwrs p pMJ

ottwopÄĄoutpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrqttÄĄpoqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspqrot po sMJ

owrvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqtsuÄĄpoouroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^xpstrp qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ostqsuJ+txrpsqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourspuJ+rsstvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ostqsuJ+

txrpsqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ostqsuJ+txrpsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovqrpsJ+rtsvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< ourspuJ+rsstvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqrpsJ+rtsvqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ostqsuJ+txrpsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LototqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovoxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppsqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosovoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?72


v.V[iroQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qsO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qwÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/=[.W[Qv.X[Sqp\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotossvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowroJ+rvspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppsvqs qw 

\Oj[L<ouqxtqJ+rrstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owsptxJ+xtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppusupw qv pMJ

ptortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLorsxpwÄĄouroruÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqutoqu u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvtvÄĄotossvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosotÄĄ

ǜžoqotvsu q rMJ

ottvtpÄĄoutprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouroruÄĄovpqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpsqqp w sMJ

ousstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxsvÄĄouroruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouroruÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxpv(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ostqpxJ+txrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppoxtr qx (

ovsptqJ+ursqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowroJ+rvspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]quqsq t sMJ

\Oj[L<ottxpuJ+qpvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<otswovJ+

QĂžTpprtvpx s qMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpqtrÄĄovttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqurrÄĄoprrqr

Ç?Çłorpwtp p pMJ

ottvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrqttÄĄpqpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lspqrsrq po sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqwoxÄĄorowtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotosotÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpsqqp qq qMJ

ovsxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstrpÄĄotossvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ouqxstJ+rrssoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottxoxJ+qpvsoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqxstJ+rrssoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqxstJ+ rrssoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ouqxstJ+rrssoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owowqsJ+rvsosvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottxoxJ+qpvsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowqsJ+rvsosvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ouqxstJ+rrssoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovottpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosorovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrsqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?73


w.V[iroQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\ÊM^S[ŕrvqs9T½[ŕ„WgSx.V[i>[ŃqtO[QLQ[X[tstU9[ŕuwo\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qx„QuqrO[+T[bJUpt„@DroP[SH]j\W\PTw„@Dtst…QcHqt/=[.W[Qw.X[Sqq\ƵT9Jp\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxqpsuJ+sosssqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqwpw qx 

<owrqqvJ+wspto„Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owspqvJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„R[;„U[PL\Oj[L<otsvrrJ+psxpo„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě\Oj[L<

„@[T[9ppqxpupr qv sMJ

oxrqtu„Mj[-X[ġpqpsqqġoqttsv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourpoqġ

O^Kqwssp u pMJ

ossrqtġotrvpr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossrqtġotrvpr„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqqoto q rMJ

ppsvqv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvqvġopqwqp„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxsr(

59[JU]LíÊ„SOH]\Oj[L<ouqwtvJ+rrqso„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqotps ro (

xrtt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆS[\H<oxqpsuJ+sosssqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO

„OT]qutxrw u pMJ

ottvrxJ+qpsto„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLoutproġ

QþTppsrxts s qMJ

ovttro„Mj[-X[ġpossquġpqtpow„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzorqxo p qMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoqtvtoġorsoos„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooursġ

U\Lspqrxr po sMJ

opoutwġoqquox„Mj[(

S[ȉrprtxpo w sMJ

„9H^xprtxpo qq qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<ouqwtpJ+rrqqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<owrqpwJ+wspqvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\U

í\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9

„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsvqvJ+pswttS I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqwtpJ+rrqqtSI[+L[H„QV

\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ouqwtpJ+rrqqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<

owrqpwJ+wspqvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouqwtpJ+rrqqtSI[+L[H

9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owrqpwJ+wspqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxqprxJ+

sossqtSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otsvqvJ+pswttSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ouqwtpJ+rrqqt SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT

/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxqprxJ+sossqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owrqpwJ+wspqvtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovopts„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxpwqw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpprsqp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[opsupx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[ortxpo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Loupupr„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owroqw

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpoqwto„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqowqo„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprvru„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orowsu„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostrru„Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\ď74


x.V[iroQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;quO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]roÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/=[.W[Qx.X[Sqr\ĆľT9Jp\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]bR[\;L]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<potworJ+sssttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opotpv

OO\Oj[L<pooutuJ+pqrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<potworJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<ouqroqJ+rpwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opprsrq p sMJ

pqowtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrqpÄĄoqtvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Kqporvrq u qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprrqpÄĄoqptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroxrpÄĄ

ǜžoqrsx q rMJ

poqwsuÄĄppsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louropo(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<owrpppJ+wrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG

ro O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqtwpp rp (

sssttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ottustJ+qpqrt

Â&#x201E;OT]qvturs u pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxovÄĄpoqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqoprÄĄ

QĂžTpptqqqt s qMJ

orrxttÄĄosqqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtuorÄĄorsxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłorrxr p qMJ

ostoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoussspÄĄowqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lspqsrso po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rprtttx w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xprtttx qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owrpquJ+wrxpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<potssqJ+psrvtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrpquJ+wrxpvtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potssqJ+psrvtqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owrpquJ+wrxpvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<potssqJ+psrvtqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<potwpwJ+sssuqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<potssqJ+psrvtqtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<potwpwJ+sssuqvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otturwJ+qpqpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

owrpquJ+wrxpvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H

<potwpwJ+sssuqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpproqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orttpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqurq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqosqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orostpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?75


po.V[iroQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qvO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rpÂ&#x201E;QuqrO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/=[.W[Qpo.X[Sqs\ĆľT9J p\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oototvJ+sxqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprxsp

PSG]\Oj[L<potrrtJ+psrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<ouqqowJ+rpuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqrsrtu q sMJ

otorrrÄĄovstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrooÄĄpqpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqpqrotu u qMJ

pqoxorÄĄoqptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtuqoÄĄortoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžoqsvsr q sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopowrrÄĄoqoqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxorÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;rprtqsw w sMJ

opqwstÄĄoroxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtotsÄĄoxoxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louroru(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorrr\Oj[LoxrrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

rp O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxqq p (

pptqpvJ+pvptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oototvJ+sxqwsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qwtrqx u pMJ

K`\H\Oj[L<outxprJ+ssxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTppustr s qMJ

ortoprÄĄosssouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourptrÄĄovpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłorswtw p qMJ

-X[ÄĄosssouÄĄotrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrwpxÄĄpooqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspqswqq po sMJ

pqtppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoussruÄĄowqtrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^xprtqsw qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<potrqwJ+psrssvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oototoJ+sxqwroSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oototo J+sxqwroSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq

prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potrqwJ+psrssvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potrqwJ+psrssvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<potrqwJ+psrssvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<oototoJ+sxqwroSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oototoJ+sxqwroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqqopJ+rpupoS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potrqwJ+ psrssvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oototoJ+sxqwroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppquqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouowqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqru Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqooqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oroottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osststÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?76


pp.V[iroQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\ÊM^S[ŕrvqs9T½[ŕ„WgSpq.V[i>[ŃqwO[QLQ[X[tstU9[ŕuwo\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]p@^LuqrO[+T[bJUpw„@DroP[SH]j\W\PTpp„@Dtst…QcHqw/=[.W[Qpp.X[Sqt\ƵT9Jp \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oqtposJ+tsqxqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpqsp

„S[\XG]9SG;S„O\LSMS<opsxtqJ+qptut„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

ssvqqt„Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<ovrxquJ+uropvt„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě

„@[T[9ptsvrw r rMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourqpwġpooqsx„Mj[-X[ġpqoxowġoprrqp

O^Kqpsqspp u rMJ

ppqvoq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvtqġopqwtw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpoq(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊ9`\ġ9[„O\LSMS<opqvrqJ+qpopt„Mj[I[+L[H

p O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqrxrs q (

oqtposJ+tsqxqqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;K`\H\Oj[L<outwqrJ+

„OT]qxtoqs u pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovstpqġppqots„Mj[-X[ġoqoqsoġotrwqq

QþTppusvpv s rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqotsġpqpssx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposstuġ

Ǐdzortwsu p qMJ

owqtrxġpooust„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqqttxġorsstu„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqtpprp q sMJ U\Lspqtrx po sMJ

S[ȉrprsxrw w sMJ

„9H^xprsxrw qq qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<opqvqtJ+qotxtvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L

„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<outwptJ+ssvqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<

opqvqtJ+qotxtvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<opqvqtJ+qotxtvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqtotuJ+tsqxqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outwptJ+ ssvqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

„O\LSMS<opqvqtJ+qotxtvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqtotuJ+tsqxqtS

I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loutoow„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxourx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppqqrs„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH „OL^9[oprsrp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orsvqq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Louosqs„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owpwso „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpopvor„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppturq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqtsw„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtutx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osspsx„Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\ď77


pq.V[iroQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qxO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q@^LuqrO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/=[.W[Qpq.X[Squ\ĆľT9Jp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<osswpwJ+txqqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqstqr

Q`;\US[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortoooJ+qutusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovrwprJ+uqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owpuqsJ+wqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppvsxq s rMJ

ÄĄoxqotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpsÄĄoqptquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxrtÄĄ

O^Kqpupvpr u rMJ

oxrrovÄĄppqpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrovÄĄpoqvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoquptrq q sMJ

ostprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostprqÄĄourqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpqv(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Q[J[L<ososqsJ+qvrqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorqxrr r (

\Oj[L<osswpwJ+txqqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]qposvpw u qMJ

I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLortotoÄĄourqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovpssu

QĂžTppvqxrv s rMJ

otorsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorpxÄĄottvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłoswqv p qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqotwÄĄpooroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpoqpÄĄ

U\Lspqtwp po sMJ

ppswpqÄĄopovotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rprsuqv w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xprsuqv qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<osospuJ+qvrqqqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owpupuJ+wqrvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrwqvJ+uqvtoS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpupuJ+wqrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osospuJ+qvrqqqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osospuJ+qvrqqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<osswrqJ+txqrpvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovrwqvJ+uqvtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<osospuJ+qvrqqqtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

\Oj[L<osswrqJ+txqrpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxoqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouooqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpssr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?78


pr.V[iroQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;roO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r@^LuqrO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHro/=[.W[Qpr.X[Sqv\ĆľT9Jp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ossvoxJ+txpxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orpwsu

<ourrsqJ+rrsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<ossvox

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<oursorJ+rsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqxtpsp t qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLpqptpoÄĄoqtvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqpwxtx u sMJ

orrxroÄĄotorrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottvprÄĄoutppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžoqvpxsv r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtvpoÄĄowrxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqtsqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;rprsrpu w sMJ

oxposrÄĄpoqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourptr(

I[\>\Oj[L<oursorJ+rsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lospxtu s (

J+txpxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<otsqtuJ+rprxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qppsspr u qMJ

<owptpqJ+vtxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<owsrpwJ+xpoqqt

QĂžTppwppts s rMJ

ourrouÄĄowrxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtpqrÄĄoqtvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłospvuo p qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrppÄĄpoqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstpqÄĄowrxpq

U\Lsprqtv po sMJ

pooutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooutuÄĄppswpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^xprsrpu qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owptqvJ+wortSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ourrtvJ+rrsutoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owptqvJ+wortS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourspvJ+rsvtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV

\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq qsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ourrtvJ+rrsutoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

Q[J[L<ourrtvJ+rrsutoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<ourspvJ+rsvtoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ourspvJ+rsvtoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owptqvJ+wortSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ourrtvJ+rrsutoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourspvJ+rsvtoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotturqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owposv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpooxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?79


ps.V[iroQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;roO[QLQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s@^LuqrO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHro/=[.W[Qps.X[Sqw\ĆľT9Jp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<ourrptJ+rstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortrsw

owsvrrJ+rxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGL[;\Oj[L<ourrptJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owoooqJ+vqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpptxt u qMJ

I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLortpquÄĄourrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqqoqqv v pMJ

oqtvquÄĄotorquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotoroxÄĄottvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžoqwqsps r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourrroÄĄovptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxrvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;rprsot w sMJ

ÄĄourrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourrroÄĄovtqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqpw(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<owoooqJ+vqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotppou t (

rstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜQ[J[L<ovpxsrJ+rtspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]qpqspv u qMJ

owsqowJ+xvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<owtsoqJ+xrvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTppwtsv s rMJ

ovptroÄĄovtvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvqwÄĄoprrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłosqvqt p qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrpuÄĄpqptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvppÄĄoutppq

U\Lsprvtw po sMJ

orpottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotoroxÄĄoussqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostqpq

Â&#x201E;9H^xprsot qq qMJ

orssspÄĄotorquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvswJ+rxqprvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owsvswJ+rxqprvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvswJ+rxqprvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovtxtsJ+vqpuoS

I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ourroxJ+rstSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <ovtxtsJ+vqpuoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourroxJ+rstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvswJ+rxqprvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovtxtsJ+vqpuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoutq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpootpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqstpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?80


pt.V[iroQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]t@^LuqrO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHp/b=L.W[Qpt.X[Sqx\ĆľT9Jp \X@S]Ç?\Äš>[Q[@­L[Ă&#x2DC;]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[I\;S9SLObRgOLJU­LO[bS[Â&#x201E;LbĂ&#x160;[¢WOM^S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovtxptJ+vqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrpqo

porwssJ+srtxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGOO\Oj[L<ovtxptJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owtxssJ+xtpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqspsrp v qMJ

I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLoutppqÄĄoxrrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptrpÄĄ

O^Kqqptsrr v pMJ

pqtprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosstsvÄĄotrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžoqxqwts r pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoovoxÄĄppswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswroÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqsq(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<owtxssJ+xtpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^S[\H<

t O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louorou u (

vqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrotJ+rwsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qprrwp u rMJ

owtrpuJ+xrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<owssruJ+xprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTppxrupv s rMJ

oqtvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrtrÄĄovtvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpostrxÄĄ

Ç?Çłosrusq p qMJ

\JLosstsvÄĄotrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtvquÄĄorrxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsprprs po sMJ

opqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovpvÄĄoqqttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rprrutt w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xprrutt qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrqtxJ+rwsssqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[S[\H<porwruJ+srtwstSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrqtxJ+rwsssqt SI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<porwruJ+srtwstSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovtxoxJ+vqovtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtxtwJ+xtqptSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovtxoxJ+vqovtS

I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VS[\H<porwruJ+srtwstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtxtwJ+xtqptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtxoxJ+vqovtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtxtwJ+ xtqptSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovtxoxJ+vqovtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<porwruJ+srtwstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owtxtwJ+xtqptSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoursqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppoutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotswsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqtv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpooppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?81


pu.V[iroQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]u@^LuqrO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHq/b=L.W[Qpu.X[Sp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p\X@S] .\@@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^S9[= SI 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owtxqoJ+xtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otpqov

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owtxqoJ+xtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<oxpwquJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<owpqppJ+vtqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rusosw w qMJ

oprrrsÄĄoqtvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorrxqqÄĄosqppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqqrsups v qMJ

oqptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorppqwÄĄostqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrou(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<oooptqJ+svquuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG

u O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louttrv v (

sorwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<owssprJ+xpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpsrstt u rMJ

owrxqrÄĄpoqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqptxÄĄpqoxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTpqopwqr s sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtvtvÄĄortqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprrrsÄĄ

Ç?Çłossttq p qMJ

oussqwÄĄowqttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporoovÄĄppswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžporrsv r qMJ

U\Lsprpwpt po sMJ S[Č&#x2030;rprrrss w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xprrrss qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ooopstJ+svqusqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooopstJ+

svqusqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtxprJ+xtoqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooopstJ+svqusqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[ 1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtxprJ+xtoqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtxprJ+

xtoqqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqxsxJ+pputqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L <owssouJ+xpqrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owtxprJ+xtoqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooopstJ+svqusqtS I[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqxsxJ+pputqtSI[+L[H Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouroqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppoqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtxop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opouovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?82


pv.V[iroQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]v@^LuqrO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qpv.X[Sq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoroxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oxqxrsJ+ppuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otturv

;S\Oj[L<oxqxrsJ+ppuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxrrppJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<ovpstuJ+tqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpxqopw x pMJ

ortqpxÄĄossuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoursrwÄĄovpurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqqtrvqu v qMJ

-X[ÄĄossuqtÄĄotsorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsoqoÄĄpoosowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpprwtp r qMJ

pqtpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoussroÄĄowqttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrro(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<oottowJ+sxsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

v O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsvtr w (

spptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<owppswJ+vtptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qptrpsx u rMJ

otorosÄĄovstqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrrtÄĄpqpttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTpqpoqt s sMJ

pqoxtpÄĄoqptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtwprÄĄortqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłoststs p qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoppoooÄĄoqosouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxtpÄĄ

U\Lsprqrro pp pMJ

opropvÄĄorppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtrpqÄĄoxppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rprrorr w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xprrorr qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oottooJ+sxrxtoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oottooJ+sxrxtoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oottooJ+sxrxtoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<oottooJ+sxrxtoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqxqvJ+ppttvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqxotJ+pptqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owppsqJ+vtprtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqxqvJ+ppttvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oottooJ+sxrxtoSI[+L[H

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqxotJ+pptqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovttot Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?83


pw.V[iroQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w@^LuqrO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qpw.X[Sr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxqwtqJ+ppsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousstu x 

oppvsxJ+torusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxqwtq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owtvtsJ+xsuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqpsru po pMJ

I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLovstqvÄĄppqptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqqvqwv v rMJ

pqoxtxÄĄoprrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqptwÄĄpqpuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqssu r qMJ

oprorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowquorÄĄpoovrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrtr(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<owtvtsJ+xsuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrwtx x (

J+ppsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxpvqoJ+sortsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]qpuqwsr u rMJ

ovpsrsJ+tqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ottrprJ+qtpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTpqpsqqs s sMJ

oqosqpÄĄotsotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourstxÄĄpoosqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłotrsv p qMJ

9^\T9S[\HposupsÄĄppqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxoqÄĄ

U\Lsprqwsx pp pMJ

oqquosÄĄorssrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rprqvqq w sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xprqvqq qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oppworJ+torvqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oppworJ+torvqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxqxouJ+ppttSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppworJ+torvqqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtvsuJ+ xsusoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqxouJ+ppttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtvsuJ+xsuso SI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< ovpstoJ+tqxqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oxqxouJ+ppttSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oppworJ+

torvqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owtvsu J+xsusoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpottoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opovooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtpox Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?84


px.V[iroQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;tĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]x@^LuqrO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHt/b=L.W[Qpx.X[Ss\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owtvttJ+xsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousstu x 

<oppqotJ+toqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovtwpoJ+vpvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sptqsru pp pMJ

tvsrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLortqtrÄĄourtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqqxpwpq v rMJ

-X[ÄĄorrxqqÄĄotorosÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorouÄĄottvpt

ǜžprsxrr r rMJ

poqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqqssÄĄpoosrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;rprqspq w sMJ

9[TS[\HppsxpqÄĄopovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourspu(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<ovtwpoJ+vpvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrwtx x (

owtvttJ+xsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrprwJ+rwspqo

Â&#x201E;OT]qpvqtrv u sMJ

\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ottrpsJ+qtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<osowroJ+

QĂžTpqqqspx s sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpvppÄĄoxqqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoowÄĄoqptspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłotpqrq p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrtpÄĄppqqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrtpÄĄ

U\Lsprrspr pp pMJ

orpqpvÄĄostrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostrswÄĄourtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^xprqspq qq qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oppptwJ+toqqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovtworJ+vpvptSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ovtworJ+vpvptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oppptwJ+toqqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtwpoJ+

xsvsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<oppptwJ+toqqqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ovtworJ+vpvptSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oppptwJ+ toqqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovtworJ+vpvptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

owtwpoJ+xsvsoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtworJ+vpvptSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ottrroJ+qtuoS

I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owtwpoJ+ xsvsoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

oppptwJ+toqqqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovtworJ+vpvptSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oporosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsvpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxstruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qo.V[iroQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]po@^LuqrO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHu/b=L.W[Qqo.X[St\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?85


„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ \Oj[L<ovtwrsJ+vpwrqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovruss po 

\Oj[L<oorxstJ+sxpqqt„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ourrptJ+rstvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;

„@[T[9sqwtopx pq pMJ

oqorptJ+tqrovt„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpuqxġ

O^Krpvrx v sMJ

oqtvrt„Mj[-X[ġorrxqtġotoros„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ƕ¾psttpp r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovstrxġowrxsx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtxpxġ

S[ȉrprqpp w sMJ

poovtoġppsxqs„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxpqrpġporotv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursrw(

WŌQ]\Oj[L<ourrptJ+rstvt„Mj[I[+L[H-ƆQ]LíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxqvtw po (

ovtwrsJ+vpwrqt„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovpwtxJ+rtrxrt

„OT]qpwqqrp u sMJ

O½H]M[H\Oj[L<osowtsJ+tvssqqt„Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<

QþTpqrupp s sMJ

oqtxoo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourtsoġowspox„Mj[-X[ġpqtqouġ

Ǐdzotqpx p qMJ

ottvpxġoutpqx„Mj[-X[ġoxrrtxġpoqwox„Mj[(

U\Lsprrxsp pp pMJ

owspox„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqupvġpoovto„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^xprqpp qq qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovtwqwJ+vpwpvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oorxtxJ+sxptvtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[ @^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ovtwqwJ+vpwpvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[ „W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oorxtxJ+sxptvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt pvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ovtwqwJ+

vpwpvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oorxtxJ+sxptvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q -9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqorowJ+tqqxtoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[TX=K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<ourroxJ+rsstqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovtwqwJ+vpwpvtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oorxtxJ+sxptvtSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourroxJ+rsstqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtwqwJ+vpwpvtS I[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourroxJ+rsstqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovtwqwJ+vpwpvtSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oorxtxJ+sxptvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< ourroxJ+rsstqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loupsss„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowrppv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lposvpo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqtxov„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orpptx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotqxop„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsrpu

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxspso„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppqppo„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqtoqs„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqprt„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osouqt„Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\ď86


qp.V[iroQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;vĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pp@^LuqrO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHv/b=L.W[Qqp.X[Su\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ourrsoJ+rsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrpps pp 

ppstqvJ+sustrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ourrsoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ossusuJ+txpwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<S[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpqrotv pr pMJ

ouruooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvswÄĄovtxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqwrwÄĄ

O^Krqtuqr v sMJ

otorpqÄĄottvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsowÄĄpqpusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpuouo r rMJ

ovpvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprppqÄĄorpqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;rprpvto w rMJ

ouruooÄĄovtsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssspÄĄotorosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourstx(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ossusuJ+txpwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpopspu pp (

rsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otsqttJ+rprxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]qpxpxqt u sMJ

pprxpxJ+suropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLortrquÄĄ

QĂžTpqrsvtx t pMJ

oprsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvrxÄĄotorosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłotqxrw p qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLottvqsÄĄoutprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouruooÄĄ

U\Lsprstps pp pMJ

otorpqÄĄoussswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostsqsÄĄouruooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^xprpvto qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<ppstqoJ+sustqoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppstqoJ+ sustqoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourrttJ+rsusvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourrttJ+

rsusvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ossutx J+txpxptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourrttJ+

rsusvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<ppstqoJ+sustqoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossutxJ+txpxptSI[+L[H XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouposxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrxqo Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?87


qq.V[iroQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;xĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq@^LuqrO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHx/b=L.W[Qqq.X[Sv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ossvrrJ+txqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxqvrr pq 

porqqvJ+srsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGOO\Oj[L<ossvrrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oqsrqqJ+tsxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tquqstu ps pMJ

oxrspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputsÄĄoqtxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourupxÄĄ

O^Krsssqp w pMJ

ossvtsÄĄotsqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossvtsÄĄotsqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpvutw r sMJ

ppsxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxswÄĄoprpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtqo(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oqsrqqJ+tsxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotvto pq (

txqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvqvJ+qutoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqopupx v pMJ

oxoorxJ+rxtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpsqÄĄ

QĂžTpqsqxsr t pMJ

ovtxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposvoqÄĄpqtqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłotrvtw p qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtvssÄĄorrxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoowpoÄĄ

U\Lsprtotp pp pMJ

opoworÄĄoqquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rprpsrx w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xprpsrx qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvqoJ+qutovtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<porqspJ+srsrroSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvqoJ+

qutovtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqo qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<porqspJ+srsrroSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<porqspJ+srsrroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqsrptJ+tsxsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

oqsrptJ+tsxsoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvqoJ+qutovtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqsrptJ+tsxsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LououtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orosowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrtqs Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppprpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?88


qr.V[iroQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;poĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^LuqrO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/b=L.W[Qqr.X[Sw \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p\X@S]\NS[SI

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoroxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ooqusoJ+swqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoqstt pr 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprutqJ+qpqrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rqsvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLowsoptÄĄpoqwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upoqxtx pt qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorrxruÄĄosqpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtxstÄĄ

O^Krurpqw w pMJ

orprpwÄĄoststwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustorÄĄowqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtso(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]S[\H<oxouoxJ+souttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpprxor pr (

ooqusoJ+swqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Q[J[L<oupoqwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqpprpr v pMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqrspÄĄpqposuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprspwÄĄoqtvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTpqtppqs t pMJ

ortrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprspwÄĄoqpuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłotsux p qMJ

9[TS[\HporprsÄĄppsxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpwprv r sMJ

U\Lsprturq pp pMJ S[Č&#x2030;rprppqx w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xprppqx qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9S[\H<oxouopJ+sourtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxouopJ+sourtSI[+L[Hqsuw

xppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H< oxouopJ+sourtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooquttJ+

swqwroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; S[\H<oxouopJ+sourtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ooquttJ+swqwroS

I[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprussJ+qpqrqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxouopJ+sourtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ooquttJ+swqwroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouoqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LportqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrpqw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?89


qs.V[iroQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^LuqrO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x201E;@DroP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/b=L.W[Qqs.X[Sx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; p\X@S]UjL59[JU]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SUjL>H^­Q[W½Ă&#x201C;H-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<pooqosJ+sqquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqrop ps 

-L^S[K[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pppttqJ+ptrotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpqqqJ+qtqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqssrpw pu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsprÄĄosswqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourutsÄĄovpwrx

O^Krwpvsp w qMJ

ortsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosswqvÄĄotsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsqpoÄĄ

ǜžpxpxqu r sMJ

pqpotuÄĄpqtqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustppÄĄowqutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rprwpw w rMJ

oxprqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louruoo(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Q[J[L<ovrotpJ+ruwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqpwsr ps (

pooqosJ+sqquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owsvrrJ+xpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqpow v pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotorrpÄĄovsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsrwÄĄpqpvpx

QĂžTpqttrp t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpotuÄĄoqpupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorooooÄĄ

Ç?Çłottspp p qMJ

pootsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppprrÄĄoqotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lspsqpv pp pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoprptrÄĄorprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovttppÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^xprwpw qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpqptJ+qtqptoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovrossJ+ruwqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpqptJ+qtqptoSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

Q[J[L<ovrossJ+ruwqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovrossJ+ruwqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

ovrossJ+ruwqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<pooqpxJ+sqquuoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/

S[\H<pooqpxJ+sqquuoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppptssJ+ptrorqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrossJ+ruwqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<pooqpxJ+sqquuoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotprpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqvrq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqottrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?90


qt.V[iroQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt@^LuqrO[+T[bJUp.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/b=L.W[Qqt.X[Spo \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;9[SO[\LS0J0Ç&#x161;T.RX[O9S[0J Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovrrtrJ+ruptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqqpts pt 

-L^S[K[Q[J[L<ottottJ+rptwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oupxqpJ+rwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vxpru pv qMJ

potrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLovsuqpÄĄppqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krpoqts w rMJ

pqppouÄĄoprsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrpwÄĄpqpvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppoqttt s pMJ

oprqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqvoqÄĄpoowsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourupx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorrx\Oj[LoxrssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtvtr pt (

owswsuJ+xqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovrrtrJ+ruptrt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqrvr v pMJ

ÇśP\Oj[L<pqoxrxJ+pvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<oxouoqJ+

QĂžTpqursrs t pMJ

oqouooÄĄotsqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvppÄĄpoottrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłouqt p qMJ

9^\T9S[\HposvrvÄĄppqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptoqtÄĄ

U\Lspswu pp pMJ

oqqusuÄĄorstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rprtv w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xprtv qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ottppoJ+rptwsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ottppoJ+

rptwsvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottppoJ+rptwsvtSI[+L[H<S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovrrsuJ+ruptpvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovrrsu J+ruptpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrrsuJ+ruptpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owswrxJ+xqqroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottppoJ+rptwsvt SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrrsuJ+ruptpvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotoxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqrrv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppopqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?91


qu.V[iroQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;prĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^LuqrO[+T[bJUq.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/b=L.W[Qqu.X[Spp \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otouquJ+rourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqqos pu 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqoprJ+rppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<oxoutsJ+povstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqrqpqu pw rMJ

ourvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxpoÄĄoxqsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpppvÄĄ

O^Krppsvr w rMJ

otorswÄĄottwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtopÄĄppqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppprqrq s pMJ

poouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpsoqÄĄosttssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loururv(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Q[J[L<ospqotJ+qvtosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprvsu pu (

otouquJ+rourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ortsotJ+tvtpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqsrtw v qMJ

<ououppJ+qrtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLortssrÄĄ

QĂžTpqvpus t qMJ

oqpuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxtuÄĄotorqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłouxsx p qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrtopÄĄpoqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqsqqÄĄ

U\Lspsprtx pp pMJ

osttssÄĄourvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptoqtÄĄopowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rprptu w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xprptu qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ospptwJ+qvtoqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<otoupxJ+roupvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<otoupxJ+roupvtSI[+L[H\QI^L

99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ospptwJ+qvtoqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ospptwJ+qvtoqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Q[J[L<otoupxJ+roupvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otoupxJ+roupvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/ :[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouqoovJ+rposvtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJQ[J[L<ospptwJ+qvtoqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otoupxJ+roupvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LototquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpxsp Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?92


qv.V[iroQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;psĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pv@^LuqrO[+T[bJUr.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHps/b=L.W[Qqv.X[Spq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssstJ+qspptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsou pv 

M_O­[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<ortstvJ+tvvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tpqpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<ouovosJ+qrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wvrxps px rMJ

pqpvtvÄĄoroosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvspÄĄowsqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krprros w sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottwprÄĄoutqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtpqÄĄpoqxqv

ǜžppqrxpx s pMJ

owsqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvqsÄĄpooxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louruts(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwpuJ+qrttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqpxsr pv (

MS<oqssstJ+qspptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oprussJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqtotr v qMJ

I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<orprprJ+ttqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTpqvtvro t qMJ

pqtrppÄĄoqtwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoosÄĄotorrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoupvqt p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsusrÄĄowsotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowopowÄĄ

U\Lspspxtu pp pMJ

pooxovÄĄpptotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpsoxÄĄporqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpqtwsu w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqtwsu qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwoxJ+qrttqvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV

\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LS MS<oqrwoxJ+qrttqvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwoxJ+qrttqvtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssrwJ+

qsppsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssrwJ+qsppsoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

ououtvJ+qrvqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssrwJ+qsppsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoworsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotoproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovptsu Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?93


qw.V[iroQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ptĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pw@^LuqrO[+T[bJUs.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/b=L.W[Qqw.X[Spr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]Ç?ÇłM_\G­Q[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<pqrqtoJ+pwspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorqwqv pw 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L<pqrqtoJ+pwspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+swrusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLorttpoÄĄourvtt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqptprq qo rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwroÄĄotorrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosoxÄĄ

O^Krptpptp w sMJ

ottwqsÄĄoutqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourvttÄĄovpxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpprsupt s qMJ

ousttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostupqÄĄourvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourvttÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvpp(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppsrtJ+qoqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orotov pw (

<pprqooJ+suxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<oorpoq

Â&#x201E;OT]qqttvsx v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxrwÄĄowopqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxtuÄĄoprtos

QĂžTpqwrwtr t qMJ

ottwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtqtÄĄpqpwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłouqstp p qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoprqsuÄĄorpsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotosoxÄĄ

U\Lspsqttv pp pMJ

ovtuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstquÄĄotorrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpqttrt w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqttrt qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppsqvJ+qoqtstSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<pprptpJ+suxptSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqrros J+pwsqpvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ S[\H<pprptpJ+ suxptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppsqvJ+qoqtstSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppsqvJ+qoqtstSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppsqvJ+qoqtstSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<portqpJ+prsvroS

I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pqrrosJ+pwsqpvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<portqpJ+prsvroSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqrrosJ+pwsqpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppsqvJ+qoqtstSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<portqpJ+prsvroSI[+L[HQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovppto Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?94


qx.V[iroQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]px@^LuqrO[+T[bJUt.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/b=L.W[Qqx.X[Sps\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<poruopJ+prsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrtoq px 

<pqotsoJ+pvrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owtvqrJ+xsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xtttpp qp rMJ

oxrtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwqrÄĄoropowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourwow

O^Krputqpw x pMJ

ossxrwÄĄotsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossxrwÄĄotsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppstrqo s qMJ

pptpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptpptÄĄoprqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvqu(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<owtvqrJ+xsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orttow px (

poruopJ+prsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<oxsrsxJ+sprwso

Â&#x201E;OT]qqutsst v rMJ

S[\H<pooqrrJ+sqqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqtqÄĄ

QĂžTpqxqopq t qMJ

ÄĄowoprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposwqsÄĄpqtrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłourqw p qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtwsoÄĄorsoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooxrqÄĄ

U\Lspsrqp pp pMJ

opoxppÄĄoqqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpqtqqs w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqtqqs qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pqotttJ+pvrrttSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<portttJ+prswttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqotttJ+

pvrrttSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqotttJ+pvrrttSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<owtvpuJ+xspsqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<portttJ+prswttSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<

pqotttJ+pvrrttSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtvpuJ+xspsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<portttJ+prswttSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtvpuJ+xspsqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< portttJ+prswttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

\Oj[L<pqotttJ+pvrrttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owtvpuJ+xspsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoppswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovovts

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxoupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpostsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqptopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ro.V[iroQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo@^LuqrO[+T[bJUu.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/b=L.W[Qro.X[Spt \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p\X@S]

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?95


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owtvtwJ+xsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotsqss qo 

<pppuprJ+ptqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<owtvtwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovsqssJ+urssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpxsvqs qq rMJ

porootÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqtppÄĄpqpqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprtquÄĄ

O^Krpwrpqo x pMJ

\JLoropqoÄĄorttruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprtquÄĄoqpvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppuorr s qMJ

owqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporqtvÄĄpptpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvsp(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ovsqssJ+urssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ostopx qo (

xsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owputtJ+rwotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]qqvtpsq v rMJ

ovtpqrJ+rutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLowsprtÄĄ

QĂžTqopqv t rMJ

oqtwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsorrÄĄosqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ç?Çłourxpt p qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpstsÄĄosturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousupwÄĄ

U\Lspsrwx pp pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;rpqsxpr w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqsxpr qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<pppuouJ+ptqwsvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovsqrvJ+ursroSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

\Oj[L<posxswJ+psqqqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtvtoJ+xsrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;

\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsqrvJ+ursroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pppuouJ+ptqwsvtSI[+L[Hqsu vxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posxswJ+psqqqvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqp qrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owtvtoJ+

xsrvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<pppuouJ+ptqwsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<posxswJ+psqqqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtvtoJ+xsrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtvtoJ+xsrvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsqrvJ+ursroSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owtvtoJ+xsrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

pppuouJ+ptqwsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovsqrvJ+ursroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posxswJ+psqqqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoovtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovortw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxoqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqppotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?96


rp.V[iroQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp@^LuqrO[+T[bJUv.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x201E;@DtstÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/b=L.W[Qrp.X[Spu \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosoxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ovsqtwJ+urtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousxqp qp 

potopoJ+psqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovsqtw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TO\Oj[L<outsssJ+srspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9porqtuo qr sMJ

ovsvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruorÄĄpqpwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttsvÄĄ

O^Krqowto x qMJ

oqpvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoroprrÄĄorttsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžppvvts s rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopprorÄĄoqovpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqpqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;rpqsuq w rMJ

oprrqrÄĄorptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtussÄĄoxpstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtt(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<outsssJ+srspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottoot qp (

J+urtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovptpsJ+rtquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwswrx v rMJ

ouooqpJ+rqpwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotossxÄĄ

QĂžTqosqrx t rMJ

ostooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwrqÄĄovqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqpqÄĄ

Ç?Çłousupr p rMJ

ostooqÄĄotsspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsrsoÄĄpoovotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspsssqp pp pMJ

pqtrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousurqÄĄowqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqsuq qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<potooqJ+psqrqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<potosuJ+psqsptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U

ÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsqtpJ+urtt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potooqJ+psqrqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <potosuJ+psqsptSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<potosuJ+psqsptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ovsqtpJ+urttSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outsrvJ+srrtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovsqtpJ+ urttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

potooqJ+psqrqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outsrvJ+srrtqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<potosuJ+psqsptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovswopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoortuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosstsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovooop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqovpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?97


rq.V[iroQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq@^LuqrO[+T[bJUw.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTp.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/b=L.W[Qrq.X[Spv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<outsrvJ+srrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtqpp qq 

potosuJ+psqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<outsrv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ourttrJ+rsuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popusxrq qs sMJ

ÄĄppqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqovroÄĄotssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourwsr

O^Krqpsssr x qMJ

ppqssuÄĄpqpxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwtwÄĄpprospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppwptqs s rMJ

popoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqvtvÄĄorsuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwow(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<ourttrJ+rsuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loutqrw qr (

J+srrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ousppvJ+rsorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqxstrv v rMJ

Q[J[L<osrqosJ+qwrvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvsv

QĂžTqpqrsv t rMJ

ÄĄpoovpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqqrÄĄoprtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłoutrp p rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptptrÄĄoprrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqwqwÄĄ

U\Lspstoru pp pMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpqsqtq w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqsqtq qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<potosoJ+psqruoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ouruovJ+rsvSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V \W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outsroJ+srrrtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouruovJ+rsvSI[+L[H

O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potosoJ+psqruoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< potosoJ+psqruoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<potosoJ+psqruoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outsroJ+srrrtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouruovJ+rsvSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outsroJ+srrrtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

potosoJ+psqruoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ouruovJ+rsvSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovssouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutuot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqorpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?98


pX[7LroQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qoĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qr@^LuqrO[+T[bJUx.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTq.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/b=L.W[QpU[7Lpw\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rq.V[iroQ[\S uqruqq /LW[/LW[ J+ptxvt <ppwSWQj  Ă&#x2DC;]L[;MÄ?Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ourtsvJ+rsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howsxpp qr 

Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ppqottJ+ptrwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<ourvtwJ+rrtprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ouswqrJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqxtvpw qt rMJ

qttuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtspwÄĄoqtxqu

O^Krqrpwto x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxruroÄĄporostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqtssÄĄ

ǜžppxqrp s rMJ

ostvppÄĄourwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptpsrÄĄopoxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqp(

\Oj[L<ouswqrJ+sputvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovttqw qs (

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ourtsvJ+rsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]rosqrt v sMJ

sputvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqvtqJ+

QĂžTqqstq t rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototpxÄĄoutrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporostÄĄopprqv

Ç?Çłoutxrx p rMJ

poovquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorptqxÄĄostvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lspstutt pp pMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpqrxsp w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqrxsp qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ourtsoJ+rsttqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ppqoswJ+ptrwsqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourtsoJ+rsttqtSI[+L[H

O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppqoswJ+ptrwsqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppqoswJ+ptrwsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppqoswJ+ptrwsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L< ouswpuJ+spusoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourtsoJ+rsttqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouswpuJ+spusoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ourtsoJ+rsttqtSI[+L[H \JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppqoswJ+ptrwsqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[Q[X[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouswpuJ+spusoSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqowooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutqox Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oproroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?99


qX[7LroQ[\S/bS/rr\ÊM^S[ŕrvqs9T½[ŕ„WgSrX[7L>[ŃqpØ]KSQ[X[tstU9[ŕuwo\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@] qs@^LuqrO[+T[bJUpo.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTr.V[itst…QcHqp/b=L.W[QqU[7Lpx\ƵTXĉp\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotossxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ \Oj[L<ousvtvJ+spttqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrxrv qs 

\Oj[L<pqqppwJ+pwxpt„Mj[I[+L[H„SOH]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovrppoJ+urpo„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;-\H;Ě

„@[T[9pppqsxqw qu rMJ

ototruġoutsor„Mj[-X[ġovswpvġporotw„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Krqstps x rMJ

owoqqvġoxqtts„Mj[-X[ġoqtxrxġorspqq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pqorosu s sMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovswpvġowsqrp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Howoqqvġ

S[ȉrpqruro w rMJ

poporwġpptqpx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxptqwġporrsp„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrq(

WŌQ]\Oj[L<ovrppoJ+urpo„Mj[I[+L[H-ƆQ]LíÊ1ġSP[ÍMJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowturr qt (

ousvtvJ+spttqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<ovotruJ+rstxuo

„OT]rprxrr v sMJ

„O\LSMS<oqswpqJ+qspuro„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTqqsttq t rMJ

opprrxġoroqou„Mj[-X[ġostorsġourxop„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdzovuv p rMJ

QbXŃbR[;S[\Hposxqoġpprpor„Mj[-X[ġorspqqġotossx

U\Lsptrpv pp pMJ

owsspo„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwtvġpoporw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^xpqruro qq pMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<pqqprrJ+pwxtqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousvtpJ+sptrvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<pqqprrJ+ pwxtqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<pqqprrJ+pwxtqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ousvtpJ+sptrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousvtpJ+

sptrvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovrpqsJ+urstSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[; O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;M^S[Q[X[\OVbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ousvtpJ+sptrvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[; M[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqqprrJ+pwxtqtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ovrpqsJ+urstSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotpxsp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovrups„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxtqow„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqosos„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqputv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losrrtx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louswpr

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owsuru„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpoquou„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppttqq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqurr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orppqr„Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\ď100


rX[7LroQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qt@^LuqrO[+T[bJUpp.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTs.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/b=L.W[QrU[7Lqo\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototosO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovrossJ+uqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqsoq qt 

optprvJ+qptspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGOO\Oj[L<ovrossJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owsqsrJ+xppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqtqvq qv rMJ

opprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsspxÄĄposxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqtwÄĄ

O^Krquqppx x rMJ

ouooovÄĄoutsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxowÄĄovqotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqprwrx s sMJ

ousvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvqxÄĄourxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxowÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsr(

\Oj[L<owsqsrJ+xppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxtssv qu (

uqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<oworowJ+rvqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrurr v sMJ

oqrqpwJ+qrrtuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrutxÄĄ

QĂžTqrquto t sMJ

opruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqpwoxÄĄorspruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłovpqqu p rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoprspoÄĄorpttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotottsÄĄ

U\Lsptxsr pp pMJ

ovtvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsusxÄĄototosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpqrrpx w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqrrpx qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optpqxJ+qptrtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovroruJ+upstSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optpqxJ+qptrtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

optpqxJ+qptrtvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optpqxJ+qptrtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ovroruJ+upstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovroruJ+upstSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owsqrvJ+xpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ovroruJ+upstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LS MS<optpqxJ+qptrtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owsqrvJ+xpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxswprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqoopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqproqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosroosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousspx Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?101


sX[7LroQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qrĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu@^LuqrO[+T[bJUpq.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTt.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/b=L.W[QsU[7Lqp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<owsptwJ+wtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpporrs qu 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owsptwJ+wtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qrswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLouooqsÄĄoxrvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ovtpsr p rMJ

ouooqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsoqÄĄoqowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqotxÄĄ

O^Krqvsxqs x sMJ

ostotpÄĄotstorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorooovÄĄorsptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqqsurx s sMJ

oprsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopporrÄĄoqqwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtq(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswrsJ+qustttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpotoor qv (

oxqvpwJ+sotqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrvrxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rrrrrr w pMJ

O[bS[S[\HowoqssÄĄoxqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotoupqÄĄ

QĂžTqsvsr t sMJ

owoqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqproxÄĄorooovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłovpwrs p rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoppouÄĄpptqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptqssÄĄ

U\Lsptpupq pp pMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpqrox w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqrox qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswqvJ+qustrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< orswqvJ+qustrvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswqvJ+qustrvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 

9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owsptoJ+wtxtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<popvtwJ+pqtwrvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsptoJ+wtxtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswqvJ+qustrvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<popvtwJ+pqtwrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosquowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousoqr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ororrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?102


tX[7LroQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv@^LuqrO[+T[bJUpr.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTu.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/b=L.W[QtU[7Lqq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<poputwJ+pqtuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprxrw qv 

9SG;S\Oj[L<poputwJ+pqtuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<ppppso

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qsssqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotourpÄĄoutstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqottu q rMJ

-X[ÄĄpprpruÄĄoqpwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortusvÄĄotstox

O^Krqxptpp x sMJ

oqpwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpuowÄĄostvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxop(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Q[J[L<ouousuJ+rqrorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppsqtp qw (

J+stpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroopuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rsrors w pMJ

-X[ÄĄporprxÄĄoppsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpouÄĄoxquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqsswrr t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqrtÄĄortusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprutpÄĄ

Ç?Çłovqsrq p rMJ

ouswowÄĄowqxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporsppÄĄpptqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqrtssu t pMJ

U\Lsptqqss pp pMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpqqutw w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqqutw qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ouovooJ+rqrppqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ouovooJ+rqrppqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ouovooJ+rqrppqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ouovooJ+rqrppqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poputpJ+pqtttoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<poputpJ+pqtttoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqotpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louruqv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqtxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?103


uX[7LroQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw@^LuqrO[+T[bJUps.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTv.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/b=L.W[QuU[7Lqr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<pqowtsJ+pvrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqprrr qw 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqowtsJ+pvrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<opoxoo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLovsxqqÄĄporptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqpqrv r qMJ

ourxqtÄĄovqpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxquqxÄĄpprpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksorwrp po pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqprrqÄĄpqttpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLouswquÄĄ

ǜžpqtrp t pMJ

ovtvssÄĄoxpuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxow(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxooJ+rwtoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqrrtx qx (

J+tosroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsswJ+quxtqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rtqvrt w pMJ

oppsqsÄĄoroqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortutsÄĄotstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTqtqxpx t sMJ

oprvosÄĄorooruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppsqsÄĄoqowrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłovropx p rMJ

owroooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprssqÄĄorpupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lsptqxpx pp pMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpqqrsv w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqqrsv qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrwtsJ+rwtovtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqowsuJ+pvrssvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrwtsJ+

rwtovtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrwtsJ+rwtovtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqowsuJ+ pvrssvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqowsuJ+pvrssvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrwtsJ+rwtovtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxruqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppswqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LourqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrots

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?104


vX[7LroQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;quĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx@^LuqrO[+T[bJUpt.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTw.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/b=L.W[QvU[7Lqs\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9[\Q9[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqowstJ+qqrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqsurp qx 

Q`;\US[9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqowstJ+qqrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ospsqsJ+qvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotovpqÄĄouttro

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppsptt s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpptÄĄoxquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvpwÄĄotoupq

O^Ksptxps po pMJ

potopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqupuÄĄpqqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpquppqr t pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowropuÄĄpoppswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqxrpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpt(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]S[\H<pppttwJ+stqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqspx ro (

\Oj[L<oroxrtJ+tttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]ruqsrv w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvtwÄĄppqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvopÄĄotstpx

QĂžTqupoq t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowsrÄĄortvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxquruÄĄ

Ç?Çłovrttu p rMJ

potopoÄĄpprptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrqoÄĄoprstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsptrttv pp pMJ

orsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpqqoru w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqqoru qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<pppttpJ+stqprvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxooJ+qqrsroSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pppttpJ+

stqprvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pppttpJ+stqprvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxooJ+qqrsroS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxooJ+qqrsroSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxooJ+qqrsroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pppttpJ+stqprvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqutw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoouqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?105


wX[7LroQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^LuqrO[+T[bJUpu.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTx.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/b=L.W[QwU[7Lqt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotourpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osovpqJ+qvqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oppxrx

Q`;\US[\Oj[L<opsvtqJ+tprxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?OQ[J[L<ostqpqJ+qxqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pquputo t pMJ

outtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqqoÄĄoppsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Ksrpvv po pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpurpÄĄostwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostwopÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqo(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotovrs\Oj[LoxrwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

ro O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpsru p (

<osovpqJ+qvqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otorqpJ+txswrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rvqpso w qMJ

O½[<[H-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqttsrÄĄoropovQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotovrsÄĄ

QĂžTqutosp u pMJ

oxrwprÄĄporqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqusrÄĄpoowrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłovspqr p rMJ

ourxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptropÄĄopppqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqvpxtp t qMJ

U\Lsptsqrw pp pMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpqpvqt w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqpvqt qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<osovqtJ+qvqxrvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<opswovJ+tpsoqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Q[J[L<osovqtJ+

qvqxrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opswovJ+tpsoqvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opswovJ+tpsoqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osovqtJ+qvqxrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[

:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osovqtJ+qvqxrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<osovqtJ+qvqxrvtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< opswovJ+tpsoqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqrop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpooqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?106


xX[7LroQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]p@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUpv.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTpo.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/b=L.W[QxU[7Lqu\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoutpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ottsqwJ+rptuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optrtx

9SG;S\Oj[L<otoqpuJ+txsttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ottsqw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

U9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HQ[J[L<otqpqqJ+rorrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qwqpqu u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppstrÄĄororouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostppxÄĄourxrq

O^Kssrqo po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotoqwÄĄpprqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrprÄĄ

ǜžpqwqwqu t qMJ

oworppÄĄowstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrotoÄĄpopqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpqpspt w rMJ

porssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqt(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<osouovJ+tvqsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorotqw q (

J+rptuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ousqooJ+rtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rwpwss w qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotovtuÄĄoutuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtoptÄĄporqrs

QĂžTqvrppv u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworppÄĄoxqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoropqsÄĄorsrpr

Ç?Çłovsurx p rMJ

otoutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtoptÄĄowssqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lsptsxqq pp pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopqpvÄĄpptrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpuqqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqpspt qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<osottxJ+tvqspqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Q[J[L<otqpptJ+rorrpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osottxJ+

tvqspqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<osottxJ+tvqspqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<osottxJ+tvqspqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ottssrJ+rptutvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Q[J[L<otqpptJ+rorrpvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ottssrJ+rptutvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<osottxJ+tvqspqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovowsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosouqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpxot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?107


poX[7LroQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]q@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUpw.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTpp.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/b=L.W[QpoU[7Lqv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; p\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovpqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovqqsqJ+rtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqroqx

<ouoqsvJ+qptpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ousotvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<ovtvtxJ+vrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqorqpu v pMJ

opptorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstosÄĄpotoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpspvÄĄ

O^Kstsrsp po qMJ

ouoqqrÄĄoutuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxrqÄĄovqpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqxrvv t qMJ

ousxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwowÄĄourxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxrqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqw(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<osotorJ+tvqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortvpr r (

rtprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L<ovqqsqJ+rtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rxptsx w qMJ

otrtqtJ+rpvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrwsrÄĄ

QĂžTqwppsw u pMJ

oprvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqpxsxÄĄorsrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłovtpss p rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoprtpxÄĄorpussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotowpwÄĄ

U\Lspttux pp pMJ

ovtwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswstÄĄotovpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpqpps w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqpps qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ouoqrxJ+qpstqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V

H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousppoJ+rtqpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouoqrxJ+qpstqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouoqrxJ+qpstqtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopq

pspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouoqrxJ+ qpstqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovqqrtJ+

rtrtsqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ousppoJ+rtqpoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovqqrtJ+rtrtsqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouoqrxJ+qpstqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovossvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opstqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosoqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owptox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqttouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?108


ppX[7LroQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;roĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]r@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUpx.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTpq.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHro/b=L.W[QppU[7Lqw\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; p\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovrsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtopJ+rwposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orpooq

ovrqsxJ+ttxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<ovtutu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<owsttsJ+xpuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqtqqw v sMJ

oxrwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworptÄĄoxqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Ksutptv po rMJ

ovqpqrÄĄoworptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsqwÄĄoroptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqosttt t rMJ

orsrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopqstÄĄpptsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrp(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<ouoqouJ+qprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L<

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lossxss s (

J+vortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtopJ+rwposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpopqtt w rMJ

otrooqJ+rotrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLouoqstÄĄ

QĂžTqwtqpu u pMJ

otowsqÄĄouoqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptppÄĄoqoxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłovturw p rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostpqsÄĄotstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroptvÄĄ

U\Lspuqtx pp pMJ

pptsouÄĄoprtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppqorÄĄoqrorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpqvtr w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqvtr qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ouoptvJ+qprvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovrqspJ+ttwtvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ouoptvJ+qprvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C 9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouoptvJ+

qprvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrqspJ+ttwtvtSI[+L[Hpqsuw poppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouoptvJ+qprvtSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouoptvJ+

qprvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtptJ+rwppqqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ouoptvJ+qprvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtptJ+

rwppqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovrqspJ+ttwtvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovootpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpppr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqruopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?109


pqX[7LroQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;p3\Vb9UQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUqo.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTpr.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHpX[z[L.W[QpqU[7Lqx \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;p\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwoxJ+rxrqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortrpw

\Oj[L<owrqtwJ+wqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxorprJ+xsspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rptqsso w sMJ

otoxouÄĄoutvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrptÄĄopptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ksvturr po rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvqsÄĄotstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororqrÄĄ

ǜžqptsto t rMJ

orputrÄĄostwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutoqrÄĄowrpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrq(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<ovrqowJ+ttvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotsqrp t (

owstpqJ+xoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwoxJ+rxrqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpppoq w rMJ

Q[J[L<otoprwJ+qxspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTqxrqsp u pMJ

ovqpqrÄĄoxqvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqstÄĄoqqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłowpqp p rMJ

ortvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprwqvÄĄoqqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lspuxtq pp pMJ

9[TS[\HportoxÄĄpptrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpqssq w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpqssq qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovrqooJ+ttvptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owrqtoJ+wqwqoSI[+L[H\W+X S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[

@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owrqtoJ+wqwqoSI[+L[H \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpo

pqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrqooJ+ttvptSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrqtoJ+wqwqoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwqsJ+rxrrptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

owrqtoJ+wqwqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwqsJ+rxrrptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwqsJ+

rxrrptSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovrqooJ+ttvptSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtwqsJ+rxrrptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoututuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owovpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osruquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?110


prX[7LroQ[\S„T/M[9M[rr\ÊM^S[ŕrvqs9T½[ŕ„WgSpsX[7L>[Ńq3\Vb9UQ[X[tstU9[ŕuwo\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]t@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUqp.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTps.V[itst…QcHqX[z[L.W[QprU[7Lro \ƵTXĉp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ S[\H<oxooqrJ+rxrvpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossorw

<oxoqrpJ+xspro„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ǵL]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxoqts

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

…H\HT\Oj[L<owsxtuJ+xpoqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<

„@[T[9rqwpotq x sMJ

porrqw„Mj[-X[ġopptqvġororqv„Mj[-X[ġortvquġ

O^Kswtvpv po rMJ

pprqts„Mj[-X[ġoprwspġoroqrq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ƕ¾qrrto t rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoutossġowrptx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprtsqġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrq(

H`H]j[LíÊ-bƂV[\Oj[L<owrqrxJ+wqvtqt„Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L

t O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loursrw u (

J+xsrro„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOS[\H<oxooqrJ+rxrvpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]rpqvx w rMJ

osoxovJ+qvqxqt„Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLovtpqxġ

QþTqpoprq u qMJ

otstqu„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourxquġovqpqp„Mj[-X[ġoxqvowġ

Ǐdzowtts p rMJ

opptqvġoqoxqv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqpstoġpqtust„Mj[(

U\Lspupusv pp pMJ

orputv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hovtwoqġoxpurx„Mj[(

S[ȉrpqprp w rMJ

„9H^xpqprp qq pMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

„R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<owrqrpJ+wqvrqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<oxoqqtJ+xspptSI[+L[H \W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L1ǚS;H[S[

Wš[H@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owrqrpJ+wqvrqtS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<owrqrpJ+wqvrqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr

qtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxoqqtJ+xspptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owrqrpJ+wqvrqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V S[\H<oxoopuJ+rxruttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxoopuJ+rxruttS

I[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrqrpJ+wqvrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxoopuJ+rxruttSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxoqqtJ+xspptSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loutqtx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxowts„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lppqotp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprrsq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[ortoss„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louostx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[oworqp

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxsqtp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpppqou„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqsrpx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqwox„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqro„Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\ď111


psX[7LroQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\ÊM^S[ŕrvqs9T½[ŕ„WgSptX[7L>[Ńr3\Vb9UQ[X[tstU9[ŕuwo\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]u@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUqq.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTpt.V[itst…QcHrX[z[L.W[QpsU[7Lp Q^XSSQq\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ „Wń[<owrqooJ+rwqtpqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otrpto

\Oj[L<oxoqtuJ+xspro„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSN[ǵL]9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owouqtJ+vqopqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;

„@[T[9spppqqs po sMJ

otoxttġoutvto„Mj[-X[ġoxrxssġppqvrx„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Ksxtrtp po rMJ

oprwttġotowsq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoqoxrqġortvqw„Mj[

Ƕ¾qspqtu t sMJ

pqqprv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpotpotġpprror„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[ȉrpptwqp w rMJ

9[TS[\Hoqrpqpġortooq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrp(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LíÊQ<[\Oj[L<oxoqrtJ+xspso„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ǵL]

u O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovqtop v (

owtoooJ+xpopqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„Wń[<owrqooJ+rwqtpqt

„OT]rprspw w rMJ

OS]j[L„O\LSMS<oqtpsvJ+qspsso„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTqpotrpx u qMJ

ortvqwġotstqr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovqppwġoxqvpp„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzowpopt p rMJ

O[bS[S[\Hoxqvppġpotpot„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvrxġ

U\Lspuqrst pp pMJ

pptsrwġoprtsx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrqpuġpoprqv„Mj[(

„9H^xpptwqp qq pMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<oxoqqvJ+xspqoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L1ǚS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<oxoqtoJ+xspptSI[+L[H\W+XS[\U í\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 „W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqrtv

xpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxoqqvJ+xspqoSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqs quLíÊH\Oj[L<oxoqtoJ+xspptSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oxoqqvJ+xspqoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„Wń[<owrptpJ+rwqstoSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxoqtoJ+xspptSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oxoqtoJ+xspptSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[

<owrptpJ+rwqstoSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsxtqJ+xxtqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxoqqvJ+xspqoSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[; „J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owrptpJ+

rwqstoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oxoqtoJ+xspptSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lousxor„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxostw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lppputt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[opqxsu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[orsusx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louopor„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtxqu

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxrwtt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppowpo„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqrxqq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqspr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwrs„Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\ď112


ptX[7LroQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;s3\Vb9UQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUqr.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTpu.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHsX[z[L.W[QptU[7Lq Q^XSSQq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovrsswJ+ruppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqupp w 

\Oj[L<owruqqJ+wrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owouto

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<outupwJ+sqrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqsqxss pp sMJ

ororovQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpoqoÄĄoutwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrtsÄĄ

O^Ksposuq po sMJ

oxqvprÄĄpooxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvoqÄĄostwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqtqqx t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqx(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oxorooJ+xspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howpqsx w (

J+vqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovrsswJ+ruppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]rpspqw w sMJ

opppqtJ+qoqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtvoxÄĄ

QĂžTqpprrrr u qMJ

opptspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrxtxÄĄporrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłowpsqs p rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostwowÄĄourxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptspoÄĄoppqts

U\Lspurost pp pMJ S[Č&#x2030;rppttpo w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xppttpo qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxorptJ+xsqpvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovrsspJ+ruotqtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<owrupsJ+wrrsoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovrsspJ+ruotqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxorpt

J+xsqpvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrupsJ+wrrsoSI[+L[Hprt uwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxorptJ+xsqpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovrsspJ+ruotqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owrupsJ+wrrsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxorptJ+xsqpvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrsspJ+ruotqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owousrJ+vqotvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxorptJ+xsqpvt SI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrsspJ+ruotqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owrupsJ+wrrsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoustowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxopoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovttrp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppospsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?113


puX[7LroQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;t3\Vb9UQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]w@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUqs.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTpv.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHtX[z[L.W[QpuU[7LrQ^XSSQq \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<oupqotJ+rqrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqupp w 

ovsusuJ+uqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<outussJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otqqoqJ+oqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9twqrq pq sMJ

I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotposuÄĄoutwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtqqvÄĄ

O^Kspprrrr po sMJ

ourxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworppÄĄoxqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄororquÄĄ

ǜžqurpqv t sMJ

orstqvÄĄotoxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtqqvÄĄowsuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpptptx w rMJ

poprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoprtsÄĄpptstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqu(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<owruswJ+wrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howpqsx w (

sqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<oupqotJ+rqrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpstwrw w sMJ

ppoxqvJ+pstusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<owsvtwJ+xpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqpqprsr u qMJ

porsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptsvÄĄororrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpqpÄĄ

Ç?Çłowpwqr p rMJ

orstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotppvÄĄpprrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lspurvsw pp pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoworppÄĄowstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrqtqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpptptx qq pMJ

oxpussÄĄportrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owrvoqJ+wrtsoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovsurwJ+uqwrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrvoqJ+wrtsoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<ovsurwJ+uqwrtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owrvoqJ+wrtsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

oupqqoJ+rqrrttSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

ovsurwJ+uqwrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrvoqJ+

wrtsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oupqqoJ+rqrrttSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outurvJ+sqsrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owrvoqJ+wrtsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<oupqqoJ+

rqrrttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovsurwJ+uqwrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouspppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppoxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtprt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppoopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?114


pvX[7LroQ[\SI[+>[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;u3\Vb9UQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]x@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUqt.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTpw.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHuX[z[L.W[QpvU[7LsQ^XSSQq \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<osqvstJ+qwppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovqqrw x 

ourvssJ+rrtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otqqtpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<orqwqqJ+ttspsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqpsxrw pr sMJ

I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsoqwÄĄoppttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Howstpp

O^Kspqpuw po sMJ

orstswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouotosÄĄoutwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqvsotp u pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotpppqÄĄoutqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwoqÄĄourxoo

S[Č&#x2030;rppswsw w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqp(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<ovsvppJ+uqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtvrx x (

oqxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osqvstJ+qwppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rptttto w sMJ

owswqrJ+xqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<ouppqvJ+qqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqpqtrsx u qMJ

ÄĄpotpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptqxÄĄoprxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqpsoÄĄ

Ç?Çłowqqpo p rMJ

ourxooÄĄovqposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruotÄĄorpvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lspusstr pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxooÄĄovtvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortporÄĄotoxtt

Â&#x201E;9H^xppswsw qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovsvqvJ+urorvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<orqwrtJ+ttsqqoSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

\Oj[L<ourvruJ+rrstqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<orqwrtJ+ttsqqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovsvqvJ+urorvtSI[+L[Hqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ourvruJ+rrstqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqvtxJ+qwpptvtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqvtxJ+qwpptvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otqqsrJ+oqwsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovsvqv

J+urorvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L <osqvtxJ+qwpptvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourvruJ+rrstqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppotovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsvrx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?115


pwX[7LroQ[\ST[Q^/\W+rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;v3\Vb9UQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]po@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUqu.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTpx.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHvX[z[L.W[QpwU[7LtQ^XSSQq \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtswJ+qrtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqoox po 

\Oj[L<otprttJ+osrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<oupqpsJ+qrpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9utsxw ps sMJ

oxsosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowororÄĄoxqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kspqtrrp po sMJ

ovqotvÄĄowororÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptrxÄĄorosoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqwtoqo u pMJ

orsuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopsqpÄĄppttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpt(

I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<ourwrpJ+rrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxrxsq po (

oqqtswJ+qrtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oppxpqJ+topvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rputrs x pMJ

<orqqspJ+ttquqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLouotqwÄĄ

QĂžTqprrrtq u rMJ

otpprxÄĄouotqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppttwÄĄoqoxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłowqtst p rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostpprÄĄotstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorosoqÄĄ

U\Lsputqo pp qMJ

ppttptÄĄopruoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopprrqÄĄoqrqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rppstrv w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xppstrv qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ourwqsJ+rrutqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<otprsxJ+ospvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <ourwqsJ+rrutqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otprsxJ+ospvtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

ourwqsJ+rrutqtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqquoqJ+qrttvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otprsxJ+ospvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqquoqJ+qrttvtS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otprsxJ+ospvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqquoqJ+

qrttvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupqowJ+qrppqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqquoqJ+qrttvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otprsxJ+ ospvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppopppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsrsq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqowqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?116


pxX[7LroQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;w3\Vb9UQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUqv.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTqo.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHwX[z[L.W[QpxU[7Lu Q^XSSQq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotposuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<pqpotrJ+pvqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxpwor pp 

orsoosJ+tuwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGOO\Oj[L<pqpotrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<ooqtpwJ+swptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upxtwro pt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqosxÄĄoxqvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrrxÄĄoqqqpr

O^Ksprqtqt pp pMJ

ÄĄortvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsoosÄĄoqqqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqxtxtt u pMJ

9[TS[\HportsqÄĄpptssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxow(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<otpsssJ+ourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpopxrt pp (

pvqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<potxpuJ+ssqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvtopw x pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotpqouÄĄoutxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsssÄĄoppuor

QĂžTqpsprtp u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvqpÄĄotsstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororrt

Ç?Çłowqxx p rMJ

orpvoqÄĄostvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutqttÄĄowrrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lsputxpo pp qMJ S[Č&#x2030;rppsqqv w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xppsqqv qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<otpstwJ+ovpoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<potxroJ+ssqwroSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

orrxtuJ+tuwqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H<

potxroJ+ssqwroSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpo pqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otpstwJ+ovpoSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orrxtuJ+tuwqvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otpstwJ+ovpoSI[+L[H.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqposuJ+pvqusoSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orrxtuJ+tuwqvtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oxsuqtJ+ppqssoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otpstwJ+ovpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pqposuJ+pvqusoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxsuqtJ+ppqsso SI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otpstwJ+ovpoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqposuJ+pvqusoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

\Oj[L<orrxtuJ+tuwqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L <oxsuqtJ+ppqssoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowstpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotspqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrxsu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?117


qoX[7LroQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;x3\Vb9UQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUqw.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTqp.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHxX[z[L.W[QqoU[7Lv Q^XSSQq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpppqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxsvqoJ+ppqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpopupo pq 

<orsotqJ+tuposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[\Oj[L<oqoosvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrpqJ+rwqprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vspsso pv pMJ

soqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLovtrssÄĄporsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksprtpru pp pMJ

O[bS[S[\HourwqwÄĄovqorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvpqÄĄpprrst

ǜžqppxru u qMJ

oqoxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpttuÄĄpqtwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;rpprxpu w rMJ

9[TS[\HovtvrsÄĄoxpurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxoo(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ovpwsoJ+tpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotwpt pq (

tptxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxsvqoJ+ppqutvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwsvrr x pMJ

ovpwsoJ+tpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹS[\H<oxqqtrJ+

QĂžTqpstrsu u rMJ

-X[ÄĄoppuouÄĄororrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvpvÄĄotssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłowrqqp p rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsopwÄĄorossoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuouÄĄ

U\Lspvuqq pp qMJ

outrpwÄĄowrsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruptÄĄorpvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^xpprxpu qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oqopoqJ+tqoqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqopoqJ+tqoqt SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqopoqJ+

tqoqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxsvps J+ppqusqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpwrqJ+tprsvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxsvpsJ+ppqusqtSI[+L[H\JL

JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqopoqJ+tqoqt SI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovpwrqJ+tprsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowspqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrttp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpossruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqooruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osostxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?118


qpX[7LroQ[\S/LW[/LW[rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;po3\Vb9UQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUqx.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTqq.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHpoX[z[L.W[QqpU[7Lw Q^XSSQq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpprxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovpxroJ+tpupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpppssv pr 

<ooqppoJ+svsxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG;S\Oj[L<ovpxroJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ostprpJ+txttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Q[J[L<oupxqqJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpwrspv pw pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxspquÄĄppqwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvpqÄĄotssrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kspspptp pp pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxtpÄĄortvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqvpoÄĄ

ǜžqpqpxqq u qMJ

potprvÄĄpprrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttrwÄĄoprupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;rpprut w rMJ

ortqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtp(

59[JU]\Oj[L<ostprpJ+txttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpprutp pr (

tpupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouotpxJ+rqpostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxssto x pMJ

rqsttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpropÄĄovooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqptrrrw u rMJ

O[bS[S[\HovqoqxÄĄoxqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsorpÄĄotpprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłowrtqp p rMJ

potprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwswÄĄpqqqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lspvprru pp qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrsqoÄĄpopstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrrpwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpprut qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ooqpqsJ+svsxsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ostpsuJ+txtsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ostpsuJ+txtsqtSI[+L[H\QI^L

99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooqpqsJ+svsxsvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ovpxsrJ+tpustSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ooqpqsJ+svsxsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ostpsuJ+txtsqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

ostpsuJ+txtsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpxsrJ+tpustSI[+L[H1Çł:/

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ostpsuJ+txtsqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovpxsrJ+tpustSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooqpqsJ+svsxsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostpsuJ+txtsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrptt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxppqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpososoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?119


qqX[7LroQ[\SW[9TbWLrr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pq3\Vb9UQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUro.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTqr.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHpqX[z[L.W[QqqU[7Lx Q^XSSQq\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ostqsrJ+txwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqpsqw ps 

\Oj[LoxspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[S[\H<posttqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsoqpJ+quvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqtrto px pMJ

J+qtppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtwqwÄĄorotpv

O^Kspsqttt pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxspsoÄĄportpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvouÄĄ

ǜžqprqxpr u rMJ

ostvqvÄĄourwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttosÄĄoppspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwso(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<oqqxsvJ+trxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotprqx

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqpurx ps (

srtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ostqsrJ+txwt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqosqw x qMJ

oqqxsvJ+trxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwoq

QĂžTqpuprqu u rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotprqxÄĄovoostÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportpwÄĄoppupq

Ç?Çłowrwpo p rMJ

pooxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorputrÄĄostvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lspvqotp pp qMJ S[Č&#x2030;rpprqts w rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^xpprqts qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<postsuJ+srtosqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

postsuJ+srtosqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<postsuJ+srtosqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqrooqJ+trpopqt SI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oqrooqJ+trpopqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqrooqJ+trpopqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< orpvtsJ+qtppqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<oqrooqJ+trpopqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpostqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqvtx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S30

M[\Ä?120


qrX[7LroQ[\S/bS/rr\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rvqs9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pr3\Vb9UQ[X[tstU9[Ĺ&#x2022;uwo\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pt@^T[/uqrO[+T[bJUrp.V[iroP[SH]j\W\PTqs.V[itstÂ&#x2026;QcHprX[z[L.W[QqrU[7LpoQ^XSSQ q\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@QXSQ.ÇśS[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqrrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oopwowJ+svrxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppttq pt 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqqtvJ+qoqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pqqqtoJ+pvtqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<oxrutqJ+potuvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpvxss qo qMJ

ovtssrÄĄportqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupsÄĄororqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kspsrrso pp pMJ

orotruÄĄorsvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpspÄĄpprsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqpsrxx u rMJ

owswpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqqsÄĄowsssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;rppqxsr w rMJ

9[TS[\HoxpuqwÄĄportswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqw(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H<oxpxrtJ+sopstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtxop pt (

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oopwowJ+svrxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]rqprxqw x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotprtvÄĄovopovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTqputrpo u sMJ

ostortÄĄourvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqqsÄĄoxqvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłowsosu p rMJ

-X[ÄĄorsvttÄĄotpqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtssrÄĄ

U\Lspvqwx pp qMJ

owrstsÄĄpoptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoptqrÄĄpptttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^xppqxsr qq pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<oxpxqwJ+soprsvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxrussJ+pottsvtSI[+L[H

Q9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[ \OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oxrussJ+pottsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[  H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxpxqwJ+soprsvtSI[+L[Hqstvxpppr

pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxpxqwJ+soprsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[