Page 1

204


Q[\S204

M[\ď0


Iu bgt kÖxm~hŠ¨vq ci eªÞ‥Y bgt

Bgvi ‥mbvLqvZ

weòzwcÖqv gwYcyix Vvii cyivbv cvwÄ m~hŠwm×vť�i gvwnj Mbvwb A‥m MbvwbiKv gvaecyii cweÎ ivmi RvMv Anvb‥i †K›`ªM aivwb ABj AÿZzc: 24.31º Jqvs `ªvwNgvZzc: 91.84º gyO mgqi jqvM: 6º gyO

gvwi 204 DĂ‹g wmsn

‥cŠwi http://www.pouri.org

wbDBqKŠ, wZjcvivóª

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?1


9I[.9>^\C

\Q\OĆ‹^\Ă‘j[Q\GM^S]D[STM[\Ä?.X[L\L9[T[\LQbLj[„;T;[9HOWSK\Sj[XŇ[9bSg\SH[(QSW[KL[-X[LSNTX[L .\XT“M[\Ä?â€? L[=SWNC7j½[SX[LT(QS5bS“M[\Ä?â€? L[=S;L95X[LTȉĪ[X[\S\JL9[SL[;/M^S[OWS.X[S

M[\Ä?X[L;L[\L59bSS(M[\Ä?;L[\LS9[\J@[HSQ[\X.bWp(W^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźO[bS[q(\Oǜĭ\WÄ­[ÄźO[J`9\WÄ­[Äź(W^R­½

\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X5H[M^S[L[9[bTÄĄ>\Tj[.bXQ[\XÂ&#x201E;RH[TO[@[bS>bTSO[+T[Sj[QM[\Ä?;L[\L-S(\Qbjg/bQW^R­½\WÄ­[Äź Q[\X/Tj[M[\Ä?5X[LQ_\H­M[T9ST^(/+bS@]9½[bTÄš[SÂ&#x201E;>j[M^S[L[\JL.X[LX[SM[\LO[S/\HX[WS<CL[S\JL.X[L \OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LL^\=\9Ǣ.Q[SM[\Ä?5H[S\JLH[\S:O[bS[\H\I\L9[T[\L5X[LX[\OÄĄ\XL9[QX[L(-X[bL.\Q X[\Ç M^S[L[\JLH[\S:5H[/bQ/+bS\@TQ[\Hj[S(H[I9j[QS5bSČ&#x2030;S9[XĤ[5X[bLÂ&#x201E;R9^LM^S[L[H[\S:\H\I

\OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LO[SL[L[L;bOVL[S9[bQT[;H/-X[LÂ&#x2026;Ç&#x2C6;bLj(.Q[SP[SH1MQX[bJUSQ^+O[S[HÂ&#x201E;RÂ&#x201E;RWL-Ĺ&#x2022;O[ M[\Ä?O½[OX[S9S[\L-S-H[X[\Ç 5bM/HÂ&#x201E;>ĹŻS[\LHXĤ[.X[bLgI^/T^(

OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;SQ[\S5X[L9^ĹĄ[;[ÄĄ>[T^-bWX[L-X[LQ[H[\L\XL(9^L;/Q[ÄĄ[S[O[JU[X.9ObS\L9[T[bWX[LO[bS[ 9HH[/Q[ÄĄ[S[S[@[UU[+9/\L9[T[bWX[L(\Q-W[bJÂ&#x201E;9[L6\HX[\W9H9­HR[L[L[QL[1\S(5Q[\Spspx/bT

.\@9[ÄĄpspxOWS.b;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;-9S[\L-bW5W[bJÂ&#x201E;TM9\Sj[pOĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;ÄĄ-9\Sj[X[\SQ[\SSM[\Ä?.X[LU[H9ST^(

\X@\S\X@\SH[\S:;L[\LSL[L[LMÄ­\H>[T^-bW-H[X[\OH:[\LL[:[\LÂ&#x201E;RW[bJ1T[TS(-X[bLQSMÄ­\H 9^bjH O[bS[Q[/žWNCMÄ­\HS:[\LW+Ć&#x2019;[S9\Sj[ 5X[bHgp\JLÂ&#x201E;XTO[9Q/bHM[bS(\X@\SH[\S:Â&#x201E;TM9S[\LS>^ĹĄ[

MÄ­\HX[L/TH[/I[\>S\M?S\JbLÂ&#x201E;OT];O^S[\LSI[+L[H@^T[9X[LÂ&#x201E;J:bT-\JLS\M?S\JbLM/T[Q[W(Â&#x201E;J:[\L5X[bHg Â&#x201E;ObWM-/bHM[bSÂ&#x201E;Q<[T[/bTÂ&#x201E;R;Â&#x201E;>/H/-;S>[L[X[LÂ&#x201E;W+L[/bTO[Â&#x201E;9[L@[;[X[ÄĄÂ&#x201E;>/H[S[5W[bJ(-X[bL

O[+T[bJbU/bQWS9[\S@[H]j>[*JÂ&#x201E;J:[9\Q\CbjÂ&#x201E;RX[LÂ&#x201E;TM9SH[/-X[LS;b@I[Ĺ°\Jj[\X@\SH[\S:O[bS[MO­ Â&#x201E;TM9S[\L-S(

O[+T[bJUO[+T[bJUSO[+T[59[bEQ]bjÂ&#x201E;RO[+T[M[\Ä?SW+Ć&#x2019;[S9bS\W-X[L/bQâ&#x20AC;&#x153;O[+T[bJUâ&#x20AC;? O^\Tj[Â&#x201E;JL[-/T( Q[\XW^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X/Tj[\JLO[SMSOXO[WQjR[Ă&#x160;[\H\ILĂ­Ă&#x160;9SLÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă XƤ^C.\J;LbT1 Â&#x201E;OL]b@[T[9\L9^T[\LO^S[\LĂ XLO[bS[TĂś5H[Č&#x2030;ÄŞ[J`9\WÄ­[Äź/Tj[;L[\L-/T(

Â&#x201E;RH[S;bOVL[O[bS[9Q­ĥM[+T[9M[W^H[ 1. Shree Ajit Krishnan, MHora-v0.2.

2. Shree Michio Yano (http://www.cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp/~yanom/) articles, and Pancanga (version 3.13). 3. Shree Vinay Jha (http://jyotirvidya.wetpaint.com/), Shree Surya Siddhanta releted all articles. 4Ă&#x2DC;]W_R­½\WÄ­[ÄźÇ&#x2030;[Q]\OÄ&#x152;[L[LĹ prpuW[TÂ&#x201E;OT^hQD9\T9[H[(

5. Indian Astronomy: An Introduction By S. Balachandra Rao, Year 2000, Universities Press.

6. Indian Calendric System, by Commodore S.K. Chatterjee (Retd.), Year 1998, Publication Division, MOIB, Govt of India.

My special thanks for their tools:

1. Microsoft for Visual Studio 2010 & Hijri Calendar.

2. Swiss Ephemeris (http://www.astro.com/swisseph/) for swedll32.dll

T\QbH;[X[\Ç S[+Â&#x201E;X/>[.X[LQS5bSČ&#x2030;Çł9[Q5X[HÂ&#x201E;9[LT[TI[/bTHS[9QbSO[b;/O[+\QT;[T;Â&#x201E;RW[bJ1 >^Q9SH1(

1ĥQ\W+X\L1/j9­pspxWL

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?2


\L+bIgU\LQľ]QþTM[\LS-\KM\HǶ¾O[bS[N[jNWTS-\KM\H@^T[9(

=========================================================

p…OU[:qosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSq…OU[:>[ŃqoQK^W^KLQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qqQ[>­vxvO[+T[bJUw…>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTp…>Hvpx…QcHqoU\@O^.W[QpOX[;pvQ^XSSQ pwp\X@S] W[+¾[\ļX\QH/ro…>HqorQ[\S vxvrqp „T/M[9M[ J+ptqqvt <pqwSWQj  „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottvorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxqqotJ+rwsorqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louttro qq 

„9gTO\Oj[L<owrvqvJ+uswtvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<oxqqot

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

O\G@„R[;OS]j[LQ[J[L<osqvpsJ+quqrqt„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<

„@[T[9vqrqtro pw rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġorrvtpġotptqp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtpsqġoxpsro

O^Kpppsquqo qu sMJ

orrvtp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpsroġposxsq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ƕ¾ppurtpv s qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptwqvġopqxtq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowttrwġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqsp(

VƊ]LíÊ„@½Ɗ[Q[J[L<ousqtwJ+rqqst„Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousrpp qr (

J+rwsorqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<popqqxJ+posxpo„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]oosrqr p pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLottqsxġovropx„Mj[-X[ġoxturtġpprsot

QþTspuoqv pp pMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoqooouġottwou„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoqooqoġ

Ǐdzvqqsxtw pw qMJ

pprsotġpqqqto„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposxsqġpprvpw„Mj[(

U\Lrqpxrp v sMJ

poqvor„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqtxruġosqwtp„Mj[(

S[ȉpppovtv qu rMJ „9H^tpovtv pr pMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊQ[J[L<ousqtpJ+rqqqvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owrvsqJ+usxrtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[Q[J[L <ousqtpJ+rqqqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[

„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<ousqtpJ+rqqqvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspu pwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ousqtpJ+rqqqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxqqqoJ+ rwsppoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owrvsqJ+usxrtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ousqtpJ+rqqqvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxqqqoJ+rwsppoSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Loupqsp„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovssrt„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxrotu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppruss„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[optrrv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[Losoxow„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Louqotu„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owrsou„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hpotpqo„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opossr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oropqx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxsu„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď3


qÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qpQK^W^KLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qrQ[>­vxvO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqpU\@O^.W[QqOX[;pwQ^XSSQ pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottttxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<ppourpJ+srsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtrrt qr 

rvstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<poppqtJ+posuro

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<osssrsJ+qvxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;S[\HoppqooÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wtsouo px qMJ

opppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtttxÄĄposstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

O^Kpppupsqq qu sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrqtqÄĄouosqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpqoostÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoroq(

.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtxotJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovpwou qs (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<ppourpJ+srsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<

Â&#x201E;OT]opsqp p pMJ

orrsrqQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottpstÄĄovqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposstoÄĄ

QĂžTsptturt pp pMJ

oxpsqxÄĄpooptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppvÄĄosrqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvqqsvru pw qMJ

opqxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppvrsq s rMJ U\Lrqqpqs v sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppossu qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpossu pr pMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtxpxJ+rvsuptSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<popppxJ+posuptSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtxpxJ+ rvsuptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtxpxJ+rvsuptSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<ppouqsJ+srrtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ \LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppouqsJ+srrtvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<popppxJ+posuptSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<ppouqsJ+srrtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouowstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovsosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosotprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LoupvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?4


rÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qqQK^W^KLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qsQ[>­vxvO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqqU\@O^.W[QrOX[;pxQ^XSSQpwp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottstuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<opotqoJ+swurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtptr qs 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqorsvJ+ptrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<opotqoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLottosqÄĄovqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowpvrpÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpvswpx qo qMJ

ouosswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovrxrwÄĄoxpsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrrstÄĄ

O^Kpppwrx qv pMJ

osqppoÄĄottttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowpvrpÄĄoxouqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppwrqpx s rMJ

poquooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoquooÄĄpptvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louorqs(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H<ppropvJ+ssuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovttrw qt (

swurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOQ[J[L<otpsqwJ+qwqusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqsoru p pMJ

possqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppppoÄĄoqsxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqutuÄĄ

QĂžTspttrqx pp pMJ

osqppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposxpvÄĄppruspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqqstq pw qMJ

9^\T9S[\HovrxrwÄĄowqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtspsÄĄ

U\Lrqqrqs v sMJ

oxoqruÄĄporproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppopru qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpopru pr pMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<ppropoJ+ssuqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqosooJ+ptrorvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

ppropoJ+ssuqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppropoJ+ssuqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppropoJ+ssuqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opotpqJ+swuptSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opotpqJ+swuptSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqosooJ+ptrorvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppropoJ+ssuqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opotpqJ+swuptSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouossxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosoppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouprosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?5


sÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qrQK^W^KLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qtQ[>­vxvO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqrU\@O^.W[QsOX[;qoQ^XSSQpwp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottrtqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<oroxrsJ+trpxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtoqo qt 

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqourrJ+qorxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+rooqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtssxÄĄoppotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqxtosp qp pMJ

-X[ÄĄoqstrxÄĄosqopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourwspÄĄovqvsr

O^Kpppxtqrw qv pMJ

oroppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsxrxÄĄovqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrrpr

ǜžppxrox s rMJ

ÄĄottstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorst(

I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<oqovpvJ+tosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrusw qu (

oroxrsJ+trpxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Q[J[L<ottotp

Â&#x201E;OT]orrxpo p qMJ

O[bS[S[\HowqvovÄĄposxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqrsqÄĄoptwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTspttpu pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouotpoÄĄoutqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxqpÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqqsqpw pw qMJ

ÄĄouotpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouotpoÄĄovrrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqupq

U\Lrqqtro v sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxtwqt qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txtwqt pq sMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqouswJ+qosoptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oqovpoJ+tosrsvtSI[+L[H

Q9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[

Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqouswJ+qosoptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqst vxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqovpoJ+tosrsvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqp

qrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqovpoJ+tosrsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqovpoJ+tosrsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oroxquJ+trpxqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqouswJ+qosoptSI[+L[H Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqovpoJ+tosrsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<oroxquJ+trpxqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouoxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?6


tÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qsQK^W^KLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]quQ[>­vxvO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqsU\@O^.W[QtOX[;qpQ^XSSQ pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottqsxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otoxovJ+twqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hposwps qu 

Â&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osoxsqJ+qttovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otoxovJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLourvssÄĄoxtspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpptprt qq pMJ

-X[ÄĄoppostÄĄoptxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqssÄĄovrxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppqpsqss qv qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorrqpqÄĄospxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqstvÄĄ

ǜžpqoqvro s sMJ

opqwpsÄĄoqtusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosou(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ossopxJ+tvxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqqox qv (

twqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½Q[J[L<ouqurpJ+rprqpo

Â&#x201E;OT]osrvsp p qMJ

ovrxtwÄĄoxpsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotswruÄĄourvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsptsxqv pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqqrpwÄĄorrqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqvptÄĄotpuqr

Ç?Çłvqqrxqp pw qMJ

pptvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptvorÄĄopqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lrqqvsr v sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxttpt qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txttpt pq sMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ossoppJ+tvwtvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osoxtvJ+qttostSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ossopp J+tvwtvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ossoppJ+tvwtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

otoxqqJ+twqpttSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Q[J[L<osoxtvJ+qttostSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ossoppJ+

tvwtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otoxqqJ+ twqpttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxptpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouotprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HportruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?7


uÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qtQK^W^KLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qvQ[>­vxvO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqtU\@O^.W[QuOX[;qqQ^XSSQ pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottpstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otowotJ+twpwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppsspv qv 

<osrwtsJ+tvtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ovooqsJ+rqvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Q[J[L<ouortrJ+rorwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<outtoo

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqrtsrs qr pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotsvrrÄĄovquooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppqrrrqs qv rMJ

pprtsuÄĄoqsspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwpqÄĄotpurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqpqsqp s sMJ

oqsspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroppvÄĄosrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louosqv(

JUQ]\Oj[L<outtooJ+qswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoppso qw (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG;S\Oj[L<otowotJ+twpwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]otrupp p qMJ

J+qswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPQ[J[L<outsrvJ+rqstqt

QĂžTsptswrq pp pMJ

posqtrÄĄopporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrooÄĄoxpsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqqrups pw qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtxÄĄorrwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptvpoÄĄ

U\Lrqror v sMJ

ovpxtpÄĄowtqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporotwÄĄpptxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxtqs qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txtqs pq sMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ouorstJ+rorvtqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovoopuJ+rpsvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ouorstJ+

rorvtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovoopuJ+rpsvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovoopuJ+rpsvtSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outtpsJ+qsxpqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Q[J[L<ouorstJ+

rorvtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<outtpsJ+qsxpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovoopuJ+rpsvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pppvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouoppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqstorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?8


vÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qtQK^W^KLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qwQ[>­vxvO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqtU\@O^.W[QvOX[;qrQ^XSSQ pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottosqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<outrtuJ+qsttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqrvop qw 

<outxqpJ+qtxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[\Oj[L<owtxrtJ+wqso

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovsoopJ+rssppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pours qr sMJ

rrqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLowpsqvÄĄposqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppqtqsrt qv rMJ

O[bS[S[\HououprÄĄoutrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsqqÄĄpprtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžpqqqosq s sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqqqroÄĄopoxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpwtxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxswtr qu qMJ

ovrsqtÄĄoxoqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louossw(

59[JU]\Oj[L<owpxrvJ+uqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpposrr qx (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<outrtuJ+qsttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oursrw p qMJ

owpxrvJ+uqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžQ[J[L<ovoxqtJ+

QĂžTsptswqp pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄoppoqoÄĄoqswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwpvÄĄotputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvqqrqtt pw qMJ

-X[ÄĄopturtÄĄorrorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppoqoÄĄoptxrx

U\Lrqrqqx v sMJ

owtpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqwtoÄĄoroppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^txswtr pq sMJ

QĂžTO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvrpqt Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<outxprJ+qtxpoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owtxqvJ+wqqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V \W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outspqJ+qsurvtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outxprJ+qtxpoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< owtxqvJ+wqqoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owpxrpJ+uqqroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtxqvJ+wqqoSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outspqJ+qsurvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

owpxrpJ+uqqroSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<outspqJ+qsurvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outxprJ+qtxpoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;

Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L <owpxrpJ+uqqroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owtxqvJ+wqqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxovqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppprowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oprooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqspovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?9


w…OU[:qosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSx…OU[:>[ŃquQK^W^KLQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qxQ[>­vxvO[+T[bJUpt…>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTw…>Hvpx…QcHquU\@O^.W[QwOX[;qsQ^XSSQ pwp\X@S]Ø]Odz\IL]59[JU]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsxrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ \Oj[L<owpwruJ+uqopqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqtqo

otstqw\Oj[Loxpurr„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊUH\PV[\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+uqopqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„Wń[<owtpqoJ+rvsqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9popwqopt qs sMJ

ovotoxJ+rrpurt„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń-Q`HbR[;\JLotstqwġ

O^Kppqvpupr qv sMJ

otpvpo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtrrpġoxpsqp„Mj[-X[ġoptuooġ

Ƕ¾pqrpurp s sMJ

oxpsqpġposwps„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprppxġpqqoss„Mj[(

S[ȉppxstsr qu qMJ

opqwso„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowtostġpoqrqr„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louotpo(

I[+L[Hǚz[JU]\Oj[L<oxpurrJ+wsvsqt„Mj[ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

qx O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpptxrp ro (

owtwtsJ+wotvt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owpwru

„OT]ovrrq p rMJ

…H\HT\Oj[L<oxpurrJ+wsvsqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;ÓƬQ[J[L<

QþTsptswtr pp pMJ

ovqspv„Mj[-X[ġoxtqroġpprppx„Mj[-X[ġorrwqpġ

Ǐdzvqqqxqt pw qMJ

ottosq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoptxrqġorrwqp„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lrqrtq v sMJ

9^\T9S[\Hposwpsġpprtpo„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuopġ

„9H^txstsr pq sMJ

oqtssoġosqqsp„Mj[(

ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owtwswJ+wosqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxpuswJ+wswqoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^ ;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<porqssJ+

pptwpoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ 

\Oj[L<owpwtoJ+uqosvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L <oxpuswJ+wswqoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtvw popqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<owtwswJ+wosqtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsqu qvLíÊH\Oj[L<porqssJ+pptwpoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ \Oj[L<owtwswJ+wosqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

porqssJ+pptwpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L< owpwtoJ+uqosvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtwswJ+wosqtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxpuswJ+

wswqoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpwtoJ+uqosvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<oxpuswJ+wswqoSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owpwtoJ+uqosvtSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owtwswJ+wosqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxpuswJ+wswqoSI[+L[H M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<porqssJ+pptwpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Q[\S204

M[\ď10


TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppoxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owouruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?11


xÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qvQK^W^KLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]roQ[>­vxvO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqvU\@O^.W[QxOX[;qtQ^XSSQ pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotswruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxpupsJ+wsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqowtp

oxsrrtJ+xtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oxpupsJ+wsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<oxrrtrJ+rxrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pposwtr qt sMJ

Q[J[L<ourwttJ+rqprrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;S[\H

O^Kppqxwpt qv sMJ

-X[ÄĄpospquÄĄopoxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtptuÄĄpospqu

ǜžpqsppsu t pMJ

osrsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrsovÄĄououtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louotrp(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotssqu\Oj[LoxpupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

ro O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqttpo rp (

porqpqJ+pptutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]owrpqt p rMJ

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxsrrtJ+xtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;

QĂžTspttov pp pMJ

opowrsÄĄorqxouQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotssquÄĄovqrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvqqqtss pw qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpspxÄĄpooppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppwÄĄ

U\Lrqrvsp v sMJ

pptwpvÄĄopquowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxsqrq qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txsqrq pq sMJ

O^KO\ž/H/Q[J[L<ossvrqJ+ qvrtpo Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<porqosJ+ppturoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppruowJ+psrxptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxpuovJ+wsurvtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porqosJ+ppturoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppruowJ+ psrxptSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porqosJ+ppturoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<ppruowJ+psrxptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxpuovJ+

wsurvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<porqosJ+ppturoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

oxpuovJ+wsurvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxsrqxJ+xtvrvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxpuovJ+wsurvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<porqosJ+ ppturoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxsrqxJ+ xtvrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppruowJ+ psrxptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovproxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppotpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osowpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S204

M[\Ä?12


poÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qwQK^W^KLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rpQ[>­vxvO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqwU\@O^.W[QpoOX[;qu Q^XSSQpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsvrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oxsrpuJ+xtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsvtq

\Oj[L<pprttwJ+psrwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<oxrwtwJ+xswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppprrpw qu sMJ

ÄĄovqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowpqppÄĄposotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxssÄĄ

O^Koporw p pMJ

oxpspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqwqoÄĄosptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžpqtuqw t pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowpqppÄĄoxopsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsoswÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxrxqq qu qMJ

poqqqqÄĄppttqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqrvÄĄporopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louottq(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<oxrwtwJ+xswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

rp O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optors p (

oxsrpuJ+xtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxstotJ+soprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oxqxst p rMJ

Q[J[L<otswttJ+ropppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrqs

QĂžTspttqs pp pMJ

oqswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqwouÄĄouovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsoswÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqqqptq pw qMJ

posvsxÄĄpprsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosptouÄĄotswruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrqsoqu v sMJ

owqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsxqrÄĄpoqqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^txrxqq pq sMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvrwto Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pprttpJ+psrwrqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxsrpoJ+xtutoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pprttpJ+

psrwrqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pprttpJ+psrwrqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxsrpoJ+xtutoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

oxrwtoJ+xswrtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxsrpoJ+xtutoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pprttpJ+psrwrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxrwtoJ+xswrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovoxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowttrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppopqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotstrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqquovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ososqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?13


pp…OU[:qosQ[\SI[+>[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSpq…OU[:>[ŃqxQK^W^KLQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]p5\ÑTvxvO[+T[bJUpw…>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTpp…>Hvpx…QcHqxU\@O^.W[QppOX[;qv Q^XSSQpwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsurpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<oxrxooJ+xsx„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqrps

<pqoxowJ+pusqo„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<oxrxoo

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxosouJ+wqspvt„Mj[I[+L[H\9Ǣö„R[;\Oƃ^ŦQ[J[L<

„@[T[9ppquqwqv qv rMJ

opoxrq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howqvrwġposvrv„Mj[-X[ġpqqotuġ

O^Koqtrpx p pMJ

ourqosġovqpst„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Houovrxġoutspw„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pquort t pMJ

ovptrq„Mj[-X[ġosrsqxġouovrx„Mj[(9[TS[\Houovrxġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lououpr(

I[\>\Oj[L<oxosouJ+wqspvt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊ„SOH]\Oj[L

p O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqstpx q (

J+xsx„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[JS[\H<oxqtqoJ+rxpsto„Mj[I[+L[HL[;

„OT]opoqwr p sMJ

osrsotJ+qvusqt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtoswġ

QþTspttssr pp pMJ

optspt„Mj[-X[ġoqsottġospsps„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzvqqpvsx pw qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqwpoġoropqo„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsqqrġ

U\Lrqsrpw v sMJ

ovrtow„Mj[-X[ġosqoosġotsvrr„Mj[(

S[ȉppxrupp qu qMJ „9H^txrupp pq sMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<pqoxqrJ+pustvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrwtsJ+xswstSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqoxqrJ+pustvtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<pqoxqrJ+ pustvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

pqoxqrJ+pustvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxrwtsJ+xswstSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

oxortxJ+wqsSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxrwtsJ+xswstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqoxqrJ+pustvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ

LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxortx J+wqsSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovotpu„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowtprv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpotvqt„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[ oppspw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orqxsx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotsprw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovtssv„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hpopqop„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqqtqt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqqpp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osooqv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqxqu„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď14


pqÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;roQK^W^KLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHroU\@O^.W[QpqOX[;qw Q^XSSQpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotstqwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxospoJ+wqsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortuoq

<pqprpoJ+puputvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGL[;\Oj[L<oxospo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OO\Oj[L<owoppoJ+tsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oxspro p rMJ

oxtopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovspowÄĄoxpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kossupt p qMJ

outsrsÄĄovspowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqorqÄĄorqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqutss t qMJ

osprqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqpqpÄĄpptsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louours(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<owoppoJ+tsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorrxso r (

J+wqsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owruotJ+rvpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oppquqo p sMJ

oqtttqJ+qrrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLourpowÄĄ

QĂžTspttws pp pMJ

otspqqÄĄourpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxqpÄĄoptxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłvqqprrt pw qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosqwqvÄĄotpwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqusxÄĄ

U\Lrqsupu v sMJ

pptsspÄĄopqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopqsrsÄĄoqtptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxrro qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txrro pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pqproqJ+pupurvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqproqJ+ pupurvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pqproqJ+pupurvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owopqsJ+ttotSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owopqsJ+ttotSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxosqrJ+wqsuoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owopqsJ+ttotS I[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxosqrJ+wqsuoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< pqproqJ+pupurvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< owopqsJ+ttotSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovopqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoowotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orturpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?15


prÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;p\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHp9[bTL.W[QprOX[;qx Q^XSSQpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotssquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<owoprtJ+ttorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osqvqt

ppsxqvJ+ptqopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGOO\Oj[L<owoprtJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ourrstJ+qprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqrpov q rMJ

ovqootÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporxrrÄĄopoxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutstoÄĄ

O^Kourxqr p qMJ

orrwsuÄĄotpwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtsÄĄorrwsu

ǜžpqvsutu t qMJ

osrstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovprtpÄĄowsvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lououtu(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<ourrstJ+qprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losrspv s (

ttorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovqorqJ+rsvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opqqsrr p sMJ

<pqtuosJ+pwustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotsoqpÄĄ

QĂžTspuqt pp pMJ

oxpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrspÄĄoqrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvqqxpp pw qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptrouÄĄoqrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoropqqÄĄ

U\Lrqsxqo v sMJ

poqxsvÄĄpptuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxqxto qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txqxto pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ppsxspJ+ptqosvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovqoqsJ+rsvrtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<ppopsxJ+prqrsoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovqoqsJ+rsvrtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsxspJ+

ptqosvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppopsxJ+prqrsoSI[+L[Hprtu wpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owopsxJ+ttpvtSI[+L[H

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppsxspJ+ptqosvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owopsxJ+ttpvtSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppsxspJ+ptqosvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourrruJ+qprvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owopsxJ+ttpvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourrruJ+qprvtS

I[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owopsxJ+ttpvt SI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ourrruJ+qprvtS I[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppopsxJ+prqrsoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opouquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovsutt Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoosoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/ortqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?16


psÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;q\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHq9[bTL.W[QpsOX[;pWNS pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ourspoJ+qpsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostwrv

\Oj[L<ppoqqqJ+prqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<oxtssqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otsqqoJ+rostvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9putrqo r sMJ

J+pqqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<owootuJ+ttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Kowrqso p rMJ

oqswtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwtpÄĄotpwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouowssÄĄ

ǜžpqwrxw t qMJ

orqtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopowtwÄĄoptwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;ppxqurx qu qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqvsqÄĄoropqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrtspÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louovpv(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<osstqvJ+tvstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotroou t (

porwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ourspoJ+qpsrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oprqqst q pMJ

osstqvJ+tvstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<porusw

QĂžTspuusv pp pMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLowoxprÄĄporxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowtwÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqqsrv pw qMJ

outtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsptÄĄpprrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptqrqÄĄ

U\Lrqtqrp v sMJ

pqpxsuÄĄopouoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpropÄĄowsuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^txqurx pq sMJ

oxoqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ppoqpsJ+prqssqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxtsrtJ+porwvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppoqpsJ+prqssqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<oxtsrtJ+porwvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtsrtJ+porwvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<

oursqsJ+qptvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppoqpsJ+prqssqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oursqsJ+qptvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osstpxJ+tvsstvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ( \Oj[L<oursqsJ+qptvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppoqpsJ+prqssqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< osstpxJ+tvsstvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtsrtJ+porwvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpostrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovsroo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoooprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/orswrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?17


ptÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;s\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHs9[bTL.W[QptOX[;qWNS pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ossupsJ+tvsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otrotw

<oxttqxJ+posoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[\Oj[L<owrqqoJ+vpt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstoqJ+qtpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqsoruJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqosxqt s sMJ

I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<otpqtrJ+twtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[

O^Kopoquq p sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwtuÄĄotpxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttqrÄĄoxpsps

ǜžpqxroso t qMJ

orrwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpspsÄĄposusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppxqrqw qu qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptrsrÄĄopqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsuopÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louovrx(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<oqsoruJ+tqrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L

t O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqwox u (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG;S\Oj[L<ossupsJ+tvsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]opsqott q pMJ

tqrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<owopssJ+ttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTspupqpo pp pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwqoÄĄovpwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxswrtÄĄppqwsp

Ç?Çłvqptxtq pw qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptptwÄĄotsrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwtoÄĄ

U\Lrqttsw v sMJ

ppqwspÄĄpqpwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposusxÄĄpprrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^txqrqw pq sMJ

popxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsxtoÄĄospurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxttqpJ+posoqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqsoqxJ+tqrtqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

owrqpqJ+vpssoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqsoqxJ+tqrtqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxttqpJ+posoqtS

I[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrqpqJ+vpssoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspu

pvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxttqpJ+posoqtS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\L\Oj[L<oqsoqxJ+tqrtqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owrqpqJ+vpssoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqsoqxJ+tqrtqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owoprvJ+tttsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oxttqpJ+posoqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<oqsoqxJ+tqrtqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ \Oj[L<owrqpqJ+vpssoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpospsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqoxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqouquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orssssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otprsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?18


pu…OU[:qosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSpv…OU[:>[Ńt\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]u5\ÑTvxvO[+T[bJUqr…>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTpu…>Hvpx…QcHt9[bTL.W[QpuOX[;rWNS pwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ooqrtsJ+sutuqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louottu v 

outxrpJ+rqtqvt„Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGOO„O\LSMS<oprsou

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„9gTO„R[;-\H;Ě\Oj[L<otprsqJ+twtwqt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L

„@[T[9qstttv t sMJ

orqrswQbXŃbR[;\JLotrvqoġovpvrv„Mj[-X[ġporwppġ

O^Kopqpxqw p sMJ

oxpspsġpoooqu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropquġosrtqu„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qoqpqx t rMJ

opqqrq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowoo(

VƊ]LíÊQ`;\US[\Oj[L<owrrowJ+vpv„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovqxqo v (

J+pxsxqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ooqrtsJ+sutuqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]optpxr q pMJ

<oqptqxJ+tprtqqt„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;S[\Hopotprġ

QþTspupwpq pp pMJ

opowru„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsworġporwpp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzvqptstv pw qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrtquġouoxqv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppttttġ

U\Lrqtxpo v sMJ

S[ȉppxqopw qu qMJ „9H^txqopw pq sMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L XSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<owrrqrJ+vpvrvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<outxqtJ+rqtpqtSI[+L[H\QI^L

S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[

@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owrrqrJ+vpvrvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LíÊH\Oj[L<outxqtJ+rqtpqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owrrqrJ+

vpvrvtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ooqsowJ+sutvSI[+L[H

„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS „íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<outxqtJ+rqtpqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ooqsowJ+ sutvSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owrrqrJ+vpvrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ooqsowJ+sutvSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM^S[Q[X[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<outxqtJ+rqtpqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VM^S[ Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Loustru„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowrptw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lporvsu„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtsrx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orpopo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotqptx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovrtox„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxtqqp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqotst„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoqro„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsosv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoxsv„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď19


pvÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;u\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]v5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHu9[bTL.W[QpvOX[;sWNSpwp \X@S]>Ĺ LVĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoqpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<oxtxtxJ+soturvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louottu v 

<otqorvJ+txqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pppros

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<owsuppJ+vtsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;K`\HS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpxpop u sMJ

ovpusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowovorÄĄporvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowquÄĄ

O^Kopspqtr q pMJ

oxpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqrorÄĄosoxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžqppprs t rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowovorÄĄowtvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsqoqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxpvv qu qMJ

popwtsÄĄpptrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqsqÄĄpoqxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowqq(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<ovooqpJ+rqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqxqo v (

J+prtxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<oxtxtxJ+soturvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opupvw q pMJ

pppqsrJ+srtwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotruqpÄĄ

QĂžTspuqstr pp pMJ

oqswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqxqqÄĄouoxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqoqÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqpsxtq pw qMJ

posuquÄĄpprqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoxoxÄĄotspqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrrqrx v sMJ

owqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsssrÄĄpopwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^txpvv pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovooprJ+rqvpqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<otqoroJ+txqoqqtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqoroJ+

txqoqqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspu

pvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovooprJ+rqvpqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<otqoroJ+txqoqqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<ovooprJ+rqvpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poooprJ+ sotvpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqoroJ+txqoqqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovooprJ+rqvpqtS

I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<poooprJ+sotvpqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otqoroJ+txqoqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poooprJ+sotvpqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovooprJ+rqvpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<poooprJ+sotvpqtSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqoro J+txqoqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouspspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxswquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqopsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otottpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?20


pwÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;v\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHv9[bTL.W[QpwOX[;tWNSpwp \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];Ăž[/Q[S@SQ

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovrrrsJ+rstrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loustpo w 

orsorwJ+ttprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG;S\Oj[L<owsvqpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ouqoowJ+ptpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owowov

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rrqwpw w pMJ

O[bS[S[\HowqwprÄĄposuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwpuÄĄoptopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kopuupu q pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupoppÄĄoutupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvowÄĄ

ǜžqqots t rMJ

ÄĄoupoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupoppÄĄovruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospsot

O^SH/Q[J[Louowss(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<otqpsvJ+txqrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrrtv w (

vtvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovrrrsJ+rstrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]opvptpq q qMJ

J+rupxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsutxÄĄopowpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTspurqpr pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄoqrupwÄĄosowpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqtspÄĄovpuop

Ç?Çłvqpssrv pw qMJ

oropqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrtqqÄĄovoxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrtto

U\Lrrups v sMJ

ÄĄotsoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxprtv qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txprtv pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orsotqJ+ttprstSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orsotqJ+

ttprstSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovrrqvJ+rstqstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrrqvJ+

rstqstSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsvpsJ+vtvpqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrrqvJ+rstqstS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orsotqJ+ttprstSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?21


pxÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;w\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHw9[bTL.W[QpxOX[;uWNS pwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WO-9S[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<otowtuJ+qwtrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovropx x 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ouqotuJ+ptrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otowtuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<otostxJ+qwssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpvsvpx x pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrsqsÄĄouqsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowouÄĄoptwro

O^Kopvtxrq q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqxssÄĄotqooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqprtÄĄ

ǜžqqsxqu t rMJ

pptqqxÄĄopqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopqporÄĄoqsvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxot(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<oqosrwJ+tpptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxspos x (

qwtrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ortwoqJ+tttxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]opwprps q qMJ

ouqsswÄĄoxsuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqqsÄĄoxpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTspusopp pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutuqxÄĄovsqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvtsÄĄorqprt

Ç?Çłvqprxpr pw qMJ

osovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvtvÄĄpptqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lrrxtt v sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxposu qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txposu pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oqostqJ+tppupoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ortwptJ+tttxrvtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;

H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ortwptJ+tttxrvtS I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqostqJ+tppupoSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQ[J[L<otowsxJ+qwtrrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqostq

J+tppupoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otowsxJ+qwtrrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqpppJ+ptsrqtS I[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otowsxJ+qwtrrvtS I[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?22


qoÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;x\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHx9[bTL.W[QqoOX[;vWNS pwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]W]H[LOQ]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtotoJ+qrpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqqsr po 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ortxpsJ+tuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovpuJ+qpqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqrrp po pMJ

opovtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutusuÄĄoxpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprpsrÄĄ

O^Kopxtqso q qMJ

oqswtuÄĄorrxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsxpqÄĄoqrtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqrrvx t sMJ

owsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqwsrÄĄpptsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxqv(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<oorvpuJ+svrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hposwpr po (

oqtotoJ+qrpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<opsstvJ+toqwsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]opxpppr q qMJ

Ç?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrquÄĄovpsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuquÄĄ

QĂžTspuswsu pp qMJ

oqrtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrxquÄĄotqoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvqprrrx pw qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoroprsÄĄosruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovowovÄĄ

U\Lrrprsp v sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxvrt qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txvrt pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oorvowJ+svrxptSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oorvowJ+svrxptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtosqJ+qrpostSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oorvowJ+svrxptSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtosqJ+qrpostSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovrpJ+qpqqsvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtosqJ+qrpostSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oorvowJ+svrxptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotouptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?23


qpÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;po\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpo9[bTL.W[QqpOX[;w WNSpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruqpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<pqsrtqJ+pvtutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxqqqt pp 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<pqsrtqJ+pvtutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

psqrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<owsqrxJ+vttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spuprqx pp pMJ

oqswtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxrrÄĄotqosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupppxÄĄ

O^Koqpstrt q rMJ

orqoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovsvÄĄoptwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqsqso t sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqustÄĄoropruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrvosÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxsx(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]S[\H<ppqqtpJ+ssrrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptptu pp (

ppstrqJ+stroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<pppwttJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqoxpp q rMJ

XV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLowosptÄĄporuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovsvÄĄ

QĂžTsputvtw pp qMJ

outvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsptÄĄpprpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopswsoÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqpqvtu pw qMJ

pqpvpqÄĄopoqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovovqoÄĄowsqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrrpvrs v sMJ

oxoqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxsqt qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txsqt pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<ppqqssJ+ssrrptSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owsqrqJ+vttpoSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

owsqrqJ+vttpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppqqssJ+ssrrptSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupw

qoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppqqssJ+ssrrptSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppqqssJ+ssrrptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<potpsvJ+prpwpvt

SI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqsrssJ+pvttstSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< potpsvJ+prpwpvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pppxowJ+psqsptSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pqsrssJ+pvttstSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<ppqqssJ+ ssrrptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potpsvJ+prpwpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotoqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovptqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?24


qq…OU[:qosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSqr…OU[:>[Ńpp\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts

\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]pq5\ÑTvxvO[+T[bJUqx…>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTqq…>Hvpx…QcHpp9[bTL.W[QqqOX[; xWNSpwp\X@S]Ø]bQ[\XL]59[JU]Ø]S[K[9^ĚSQbX[¢WOT\QH/ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ \Oj[L<potqqrJ+prpxsvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoqvrw pq 

otrprq\Oj[Loxqoru„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]S[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

prpxsvt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<poorsvJ+sppwpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9topsx pq qMJ

owsrpoJ+vtust„Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<ouqqstJ+qwqt„Mj[

O^Koqrrwpt q sMJ

ppqupu„Mj[-X[ġorrxrxġotqpop„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtvqoġ

Ƕ¾qtxtx t sMJ

optwpwġorrxrx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpspuġpostrr„Mj[(

S[ȉppxpps qu qMJ

pprppq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptprvġopqurw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupopp(

I[+L[Hǚz[JU]\Oj[L<oxqoruJ+xrqso„Mj[ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsxpx pq (

poquowJ+sqpspo„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<potqqrJ+

„OT]oqpvu q rMJ

O[TO\Oj[L<oxqoruJ+xrqso„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<

QþTspvvsu pp qMJ

I[+L[HOÅ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrprqġovpqtr„Mj[-X[ġoxssttġ

Ǐdzvqpqqs pw qMJ

oxpspu„Mj[-X[ġopswowġotruqp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

U\Lrrqprq w pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqupuġpqputv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpostrrġ

„9H^txpps pq sMJ

owsprsġpopurt„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqstppġosposu„Mj[(

ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<poquqpJ+sqpssqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHS[\H<poquqpJ+

sqpssqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/S[\H <poquqpJ+sqpssqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxqoqxJ+xrqqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT „JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<potqpvJ+prpxrqtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[VS[\H<poquqpJ+

sqpssqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqoqxJ+xrqqqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< potqpvJ+prpxrqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqoqxJ+xrqqqtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsroqJ+vtuqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potqpvJ+prpxrqtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\ĭbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poquqpJ+sqpssqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqoqxJ+xrqqqtS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louqqop„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowowqq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpopspo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrpos„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqsurt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lostwqq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovpprq„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxqwst„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppsqox„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwtt„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpvpp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossupo„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď25


qr…OU[:qosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSqs…OU[:>[Ńpq\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pr5\ÑTvxvO[+T[bJUro…>HqorP[SH]j\W\PTqr…>Hvpx…QcHpq9[bTL.W[QqrOX[;po WNSpwp\X@S]M^dzbV[ġQdz\ëL]\M\MH9]ǚz[JU] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<oxqpouJ+xrrtt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpprtow pr 

owprqtJ+usxqqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊXƚ[S[\H<oxtpsrJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„Wń[<owssopJ+rwppqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<

„@[T[9tpsqto pr qMJ

qxqo„Mj[I[+L[HOÅ\Oj[L<osqqpwJ+tvpprt„Mj[I[+L[H\W\ĭ

O^Koqtrorv q sMJ

ovpqov„Mj[-X[ġportppġopovqx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ƕ¾qtttq t sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoropsqġosrutr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrutrġ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupors(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrort\Oj[Loxqpov„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprxpw pr (

sotoqvt„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxqpouJ+xrrtt

„OT]oqqto q rMJ

owprqtJ+usxqqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;XV­G\Oj[L<ouqrpuJ+

QþTspvpwpo pp qMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoqorġorpwsrQbXŃbR[;\JLotrortġ

Ǐdzvqppur pw qMJ

oxssqtġportpp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpspvġoxtxto„Mj[(

U\Lrrqtru w pMJ

oupqos„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptrsrġoppxow„Mj[(

S[ȉppwtws qu qMJ „9H^twtws pq sMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[S[\H<oxtptvJ+sotpqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHS[\H<oxtptvJ+ sotpqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

oxqotxJ+xrrrvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxtptvJ+sotpqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owprsoJ+usxuoSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oxqotxJ+xrrrvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqotxJ+xrrrvtSI[+L[H„O/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owprsoJ+usxuoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ouqrroJ+qxttSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqotxJ+xrrrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxtptvJ+ sotpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

owprsoJ+usxuoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ 

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Loupwou„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowosqv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpopops„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqvov„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqsqrx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lostsqu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovovru„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxqssx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpprwpr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprtoo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orprpu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossqpt„Mj[( Q[\S204

M[\ď26


qsÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpr9[bTL.W[QqsOX[;pp WNSpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<owprtuJ+utosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqspsv ps 

oxsrpqJ+sorrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owprtuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovrrtwJ+tprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<osqqqv

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqvrvrt ps qMJ

O½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqxsoÄĄovppqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoqprÄĄ

O^Koqvqqrv r pMJ

oupqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsrqrÄĄoxpspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpwooÄĄ

ǜžqurxw t sMJ

osorqwÄĄotrsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoqprÄĄowtrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwtstr qu qMJ

poptsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoptsrÄĄpptposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupotu(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ovrrtwJ+tprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqqrr ps (

utosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovtopoJ+rttpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrqtq q rMJ

J+tvpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<oqsrqwJ+trusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTspvqxx pp qMJ

porssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovqoÄĄoqsxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrostÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqpxts pw qMJ

osorqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpostpsÄĄpprosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lrrqxsu w pMJ

9^\T9S[\HovsrqrÄĄowqwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsoqqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^twtstr pq sMJ

oxoqtuÄĄpoqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovtoorJ+rttotvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxsrotJ+sorrrqtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovtoorJ+

rttotvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxsrotJ+sorrrqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owprswJ+utoqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxsrotJ+ sorrrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovrrtpJ+tpqstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owprswJ+utoqoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L I[bL/\Oj[L<ovrrtpJ+tpqstSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owprswJ+utoqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovrrtpJ+tpqstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowoorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovorsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?27


qtÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ps\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHps9[bTL.W[QqtOX[;pq WNSpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]LS\W+X>H^­JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovrrsvJ+tpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opstto pt 

<pooqtoJ+spqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovqsosJ+storqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upotvq pt qMJ

ÄĄopovpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqwtwÄĄpostotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptsx

O^Koqxpspq r pMJ

oupxspÄĄovporwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupqtpÄĄoutwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqvqqps u pMJ

ovospuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrvqoÄĄoupqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupqtpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupppx(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<ovqsosJ+storqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]S[\H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oroorx pt (

ovrrsvJ+tpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovqtoxJ+rstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqsosq q sMJ

\Oj[L<opqwoqJ+tooqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrqv

QĂžTspvsosr pp qMJ

ÄĄopsursÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrptuÄĄosoqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvqprru pw qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqupwÄĄoropsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqwstÄĄ

U\Lrrrsp w pMJ

ovrvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosowqpÄĄotrrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwtpsq qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twtpsq pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9S[\H<poorosJ+spqtsvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L 9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovqspwJ+stpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poorosJ+spqtsvtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpv pwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<poorosJ+

spqtsvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovrsopJ+ tprpoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovqspwJ+stpvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovrsopJ+tprpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poorosJ+spqtsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqspwJ+stpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpproqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?28


quÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpt9[bTL.W[QquOX[;pr

WNSpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9^Q­@jÄź]Ă&#x2DC;]Q[KO]M_\G­Q[cOU[:]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O^Ä­M_\G­Q[ P;O[LO^Ä­S.\O­P[O\H\I Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SN^TbJ[T;bĹ&#x201E;Ç&#x2C6;S] M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrprqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovqrtrJ+stotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsutv pu 

<potroqJ+srrqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGOO\Oj[L<ovqrtr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovstqxJ+tsuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqsoss pu qMJ

oxsqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsrswÄĄoxpsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kpptpw r qMJ

outwrpÄĄovsrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptroÄĄorpurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqwspx u pMJ

osopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopstqÄĄpptorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louppsp(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<ovstqxJ+tsuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[S[\H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrtqq pu (

J+stotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovrosrJ+rtvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqstwro q sMJ

<oorvquJ+svtupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLoupwtqÄĄ

QĂžTspvtqto pp qMJ

otqvtpÄĄoupwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovotÄĄoptwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłvqotvpo pw qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosrpppÄĄotqqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpurwÄĄ

U\Lrrrwqq w pMJ

pptorqÄĄopquprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvsuÄĄoqsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwswrq qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twswrq pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovroruJ+rtutqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<potrpvJ+srrrrtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovqrsuJ+ssxsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV

O`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[Q[J[L<ovroruJ+rtutqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<potrpvJ+srrrrtSI[+L[Hprt vxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ovqrsuJ+ssxsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<potrpvJ+srrrrtSI[+L[H9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<potrpvJ+srrrrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovstsrJ+ tsuttSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovqrsuJ+ssxsvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovstsrJ+tsuttSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqrsuJ+ssxsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<potrpvJ+srrrrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b; Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovstsrJ+tsuttS I[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LououpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxproqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oropqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osroqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?29


qvÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpu9[bTL.W[QqvOX[; psWNSpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrortO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovsstuJ+tsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorstsw pv 

\Oj[L<ooprrpJ+sutwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owrvrpJ+vtwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vuswtx pv qMJ

otqutvÄĄovoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrrvÄĄopoutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kpqtttq r qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsopwÄĄotqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxppÄĄ

ǜžqwstpw u pMJ

oroptwÄĄosrvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoqsvÄĄowrwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqos(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<owrvrpJ+vtwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osowqp pv (

ovsstuJ+tsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owovpuJ+rusosvt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqttupu q sMJ

M\S<\Oj[L<oopotwJ+sutqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTspwtrp pp qMJ

outwsxÄĄoxpsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxtxÄĄoqrostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvqotoru pw qMJ

orsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstrsÄĄoqrostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrrsqsw w pMJ

9[TS[\HpoqvtoÄĄpptqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwstqp qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twstqp pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ooprqqJ+sutwptSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovstpoJ+tstrqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooprqqJ+sutwptSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooprqqJ+sutwptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owrvqrJ+vtwpvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovstpoJ+tstrqtSI[+L[H M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovstpoJ+tstrqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

owrvqrJ+vtwpvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovstpoJ+tstrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ooprqqJ+sutwptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owrvqrJ+vtwpvtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouoqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovswsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxoxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?30


qwÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpv9[bTL.W[Qqw OX[;ptWNSpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owrurvJ+vtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lossrqr pw 

;S\Oj[L<owrurvJ+vtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxprqoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLovtxsoÄĄporrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoutpÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpxqqtw pw pMJ

outxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsqvÄĄppqxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstosÄĄ

O^Kpsstto r rMJ

pqpstqÄĄpqtxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoqosÄĄowrworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqxqtpp u pMJ

oxorpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqqv(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<oqoqosJ+tprqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osspou pw (

rxqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<oooutqJ+susspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqutsp r pMJ

oqsxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoquÄĄotqqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupsoqÄĄ

QĂžTspwpwss pp qMJ

orptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoutpÄĄoptwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłvqosrtt pw qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopquorÄĄoroqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrwruÄĄ

U\Lrrsvqo w pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwsqpo qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twsqpo pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oqoptuJ+tprptoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owruqxJ+vtuqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[\Oj[L

<oqoptuJ+tprptoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S pqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqoptuJ+tprptoSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqo qpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owruqxJ+vtuqtS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owruqxJ+vtuqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

oxtusuJ+pppwttSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owruqxJ+vtuqtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqoptuJ+tprptoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtusuJ+pppwttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxotpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?31


qxÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpw9[bTL.W[QqxOX[; puWNSpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oxttsoJ+pppupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotsosr px 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxttsoJ+pppupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<possrwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotqtpqÄĄovovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpssrs px pMJ

outxqrÄĄoxpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrtwÄĄotqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpurtw r rMJ

possoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqspoÄĄpqptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqportr u qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrvroÄĄpoprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsopoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqtp(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<osprspJ+tvrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpstv px (

srpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<ooqpsxJ+svqrsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqvtpsr r pMJ

oxspruÄĄppqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsortÄĄotqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTspwrqro pp qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwopÄĄorsortÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpsptÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqorvu pw qMJ

possoxÄĄppqxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxsxÄĄopqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrrtptv w pMJ

ososqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwrwuo qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twrwuo pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<osprtsJ+tvrttSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxttrqJ+pppttoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osprtsJ+ tvrttSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osprtsJ+tvrttSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxttrqJ+pppttoS

I[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxttrqJ+pppttoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqorrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoussopÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxoppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?32


roÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;px\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;>HvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpx9[bTL.W[QroOX[;pv WNSpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvtpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<pprvosJ+ptrptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lourwro qo 

<ousqpqJ+rpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pprvos

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<ootpprJ+swrxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wprtupw qo pMJ

ovovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqrqÄĄopourwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Kpwqrsq r sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoroqprÄĄosrwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrwrpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louprps(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<ospqsxJ+tvppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottppp qo (

J+ptrptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oorsrxJ+svtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqwsxqs r pMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtwrwÄĄorprpsQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqsqoÄĄ

QĂžTspwsusv pp qMJ

oxsppoÄĄporqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpspwÄĄoxtxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvqoropo pw qMJ

oupstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptpqoÄĄopptqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpospqs u qMJ U\Lrrtuso w pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwrtsx qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twrtsx pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ousqouJ+rpuroSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+ O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprutuJ+ptrproSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ousqouJ+rpuroSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ousqouJ+rpuroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ousqouJ+rpuroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< pprutuJ+ptrproSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprutuJ+ptrproSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ousqouJ+rpuroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqptowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqststÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?33


rp…OU[:qosQ[\S/bS/qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSp„@D>[Ńqo\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qp5\ÑTvxvO[+T[bJUw…OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTp…OU[:vpx…QcHqo9[bTL.W[QrpOX[;pwWNS pwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqutvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ „O\LSMS<oprrprJ+qoqspvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovrutv qp 

1ġS[V[i[\Oj[L<oxpwsqJ+xtot„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SG…H\HT„O\LS

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

tropt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;ǶP\Oj[L<opqwrqJ+topsso„Mj[

„@[T[9wquppq qo sMJ

porqpq„Mj[-X[ġopourrġoqsxqv„Mj[-X[ġosrqqpġ

O^Kppoppqw s pMJ

ortvqr„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hposrtuġppqwsq„Mj[-X[ġ

Ƕ¾qpppvrw u qMJ

9^\T9S[\Hovssswġowqxrt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowruquġ

S[ȉppwrqrw qu qMJ

oxorpoġpoqvow„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprrw(

I[+L[HVƊ]LíÊM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<ouspopJ+rprsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourotr qq (

MS<oprrprJ+qoqspvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oqrssuJ+

„OT]oqxsvr r pMJ

I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;\JLotqrroġovouqs„Mj[-X[ġovtvtpġ

QþTspxpru pp qMJ

ouptpt„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovssswġoxpsqq„Mj[-X[ġorpqruġ

Ǐdzvqoqrv pw qMJ

ortvqrġotqutv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtvtpġowsxpw„Mj[(

U\Lrspqv w pMJ

popqts„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopqtsġppsxqq„Mj[(9[TS[\H

„9H^twrqrw pq sMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L O[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<ousotrJ+rprqvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<oprrqvJ+qoqstqtSI[+L[H Q9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<oxpwrtJ+xsxsvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9 S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousotrJ+rprqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<oprrqvJ+qoqstqtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ousotrJ+

rprqvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxpwrtJ+xsxsvtSI[+L[Hprtu

wpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L <ousotrJ+rprqvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oxpwrtJ+

xsxsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ousotrJ+rprqvtSI[+L[H

\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oprrqvJ+qoqstqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ousotrJ+rprqvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„O\LSMS<oprrqvJ+qoqstqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxpwrtJ+xsxsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[; \OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotsurw„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovrqtw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxrwsv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppttso„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqpppq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losqqtx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lourupo„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owtrqq„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppousv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporrr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqspsx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osposw„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď34


p„@DqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSq„@D>[Ńqp\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qq5\ÑTvxvO[+T[bJUx…OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTq…OU[:vpx…QcHqp9[bTL.W[Qp„@DpxWNS pwp\X@S] W[+¾[\ļX\QH/rp…OU[:qosQ[\S vxvsqp /bS/ J+prpvrvt <posuSWQj  „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquosO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ „O\LSMS<orrtoxJ+qtrppqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howrtrp qq 

oxpvqxJ+xsvqt„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SGO\G@„O\LSMS<orrtox

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

OO„R[;Ƕ¾\Oj[L<oqourtJ+tptpto„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ-Q`HbR[;\JL

„@[T[9xwqrv qp sMJ

ppqwrpġopsqru„Mj[-X[ġorpptxġotquos„Mj[(

O^Kppptwqq s pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupspqġovotss„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Houptrxġ

Ƕ¾qpptqrt u qMJ

otqqsoġoutxpv„Mj[-X[ġosrxoqġouptrx„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsoq(

I[+L[HWŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊ1ġS[V[i[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovpssv qr (

J+qtrppqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<osrttwJ+twtpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]posssp r qMJ

orsporġouptrx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovooqpġovstor„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTspxputs pp qMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotqqsoġoupspq„Mj[-X[ġoxsoqoġpqpstu

Ǐdzvqopttw pw qMJ

ovooqp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtsvġoroqqs„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lrsuqo w pMJ

ouptrxġovrxqv„Mj[-X[ġosoqpuġotquos„Mj[(

S[ȉppwqxqw qu qMJ „9H^twqxqw pq sMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxpvqqJ+xsustSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxpvqqJ+xsustSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxpvqqJ+ xsustSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<

oxpvqqJ+xsustSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxpvqqJ+xsust SI[+L[HM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<orrtqrJ+qtrpsvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<

orrtqrJ+qtrpsvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxpvqqJ+xsustSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„O\LSMS<orrtqrJ+qtrpsvtSI[+L[H\JLJó[ „J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotsqsr„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovqxos„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxrstq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptpss„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqovpu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lospxor„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lourqps„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owsxqv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppoqtp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqtxrv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvtr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoutp„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď35


qÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qr5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqq9[bTL.W[QqÂ&#x201E;@DqoWNS pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtpqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<otrrowJ+roqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrqtu qr 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osrssxJ+twqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otrrowJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<oqrwtrJ+trpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqost qq sMJ

S[\HoupuosÄĄovstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrsrÄĄpqtvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpprsspw s qMJ

otqsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorppqqÄĄortttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqpqqux u qMJ

9[TS[\HoppspuÄĄoqrvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsqu(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<pptqprJ+puptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loworoq qs (

roqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouqwpqJ+qsvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ppsqpu r qMJ

\JLovototÄĄoxrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpssuÄĄoqsxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTspxrqsr pp qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrqtpÄĄotqsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrqtpÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqowsq pw qMJ

popqppÄĄppswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswtwÄĄopqtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrspppw w pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwqupv qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twqupv pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<pptqosJ+puptrqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqrxovJ+trptpoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pptqosJ+ puptrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqrxovJ+

trptpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpo

pqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pptqosJ+puptrqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<pptqosJ+puptrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otrrqpJ+roqwstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otrrqpJ+

roqwstSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

pptqosJ+puptrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ Q[J[L<otrrqpJ+roqwstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqorqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosptowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owstrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?36


r„@DqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSs„@D>[Ńqr\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qs5\ÑTvxvO[+T[bJUpp…OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTs…OU[:vpx…QcHqr9[bTL.W[Qr„@Dqp WNSpwp\X@S]\ÊbT[>L[ƆQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsqoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ Q[J[L<ovpvswJ+rstptqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqvrs qs 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ouqvorJ+qst„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

usvpvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;/Ń\Oj[L<oqtwtwJ+tsusvt„Mj[

„@[T[9poqxw qr rMJ

oxpsrtġpqpqsp„Mj[-X[ġopspsrġorposu„Mj[(

O^Kpptqxpp s qMJ

orspqs„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopspsrġoqqupt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾qpqtwpx u qMJ

9[TS[\Hpoqutuġpptoqt„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsto(

LOQ]LíÊK\LƊ[„O\LSMS<oqpuowJ+qqpvsqt„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowttop qt (

ovpvswJ+rstptqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<oworpoJ+

„OT]pqrxto r qMJ

I[+L[H…OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowsvtoġporppr„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QþTspxsxo pp qMJ

QbXŃbR[;S[\Horttpwġosrxsx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxsqġ

Ǐdzvqopqp pw qMJ

oroqrwġosrxrs„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutvtxġowrsts„Mj[(

U\Lrspuqp w pMJ

S[ȉppwqrv qu qMJ „9H^twqrv pq sMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9„O\LSMS<oqpuooJ+qqpvqqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^L

H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqvpvJ+qstrtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^

O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS <oqpuooJ+qqpvqqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqpuooJ+qqpvqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġ Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovpvspJ+rstprtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[ LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ouqvpvJ+qstrtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oqpuooJ+qqpvqqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT

/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpvspJ+rstprtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotrstp„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovqppp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxqutx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsrtq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[optxqr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lospppq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louqsqq„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owsprt„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpotstx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqtpss„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrooq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxoo„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď37


s„@DqosQ[\S„T/M[9M[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSt„@D>[Ńqs\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qt5\ÑTvxvO[+T[bJUpq…OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTt…OU[:vpx…QcHqs9[bTL.W[Qs„@DqqWNS pwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ „Wń[<owspptJ+rwqqro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppvtw qt 

9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<owoqooJ+ussqqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„Wń[<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;…OK`\H\Oj[L<oroposJ+tsprtvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9popsqpu qs rMJ

pqpsqx„Mj[-X[ġorsprtġosrrqq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houputtġ

O^Kppvpqtv s rMJ

oqsxswġorsprt„Mj[-X[ġosrrqqġotqtow„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ƕ¾qprqxp u rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hpqpqquġpqtutq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutvqoġ

S[ȉppwpxtu qu qMJ

ovsopsġoxorrs„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptpt(

JUQ]LíÊUH\PV[Q[J[L<osqotxJ+qvrpto„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxsxqt qu (

owspptJ+rwqqro„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxprpwJ+xssrqt

„OT]prrvqr r rMJ

\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;\JLotqoptġovttrt„Mj[-X[ġoxrxoxġ

QþTsqotsv pp rMJ

ovopqp„Mj[-X[ġpqpqquġoqqtss„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzvpxtrtr pw pMJ

owropsġoxtxov„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouptġoptwoq„Mj[(

U\Lrsqpqx w pMJ

owrsqt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtsoġoroqst„Mj[(9[TS[\H

„9H^twpxtu pq sMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<osqotpJ+qvrproSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owoqpsJ+usstvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^Ŧ S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHQ[J[L<osqotp J+qvrproSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS „íļ[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqotpJ+qvrproSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[<owspowJ+ rwqqpqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owoqpsJ+usstvtSI[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<osqotpJ+qvrproSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ„Wń[<owspowJ+ rwqqpqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotrots„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovpvpt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxqror„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprxtv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[opttqw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losovpu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louqoqu„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owrvso„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpotpor„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqsvsx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqquou„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orttos„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď38


tÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qu5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqt9[bTL.W[QtÂ&#x201E;@DqrWNS pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxrvsrJ+sostrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqorqr qu 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxpqrpJ+xsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovttorÄĄppqqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqusrp qt rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpqppÄĄopsotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqqxÄĄpqpsqp

O^Kppwttrp s rMJ

opqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrrtvÄĄpoppppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louptrx(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJQ[J[L<ouoorxJ+rpsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lposssu qv (

<oxrvsrJ+sostrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oqsppqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]psrsts r rMJ

-X[ÄĄoptworÄĄotqtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupvqpÄĄoxtxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqoqrp pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrqwÄĄppqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpxsuqp pw pMJ

oqruqoÄĄortxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqprtwpp u rMJ U\Lrsqusq w pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwpust qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twpust pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ouoorqJ+rpsqrvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxpqstJ+xsrpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ouoorqJ+rpsqrvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouoorqJ+rpsqrvtS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouoorqJ+rpsqrvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouoorqJ+rpsqrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxrvru J+sostpvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxpqstJ+xsrpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ouoorqJ+

rpsqrvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxrvruJ+sostpvt SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovprqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppruooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosorqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?39


uÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qv5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqu9[bTL.W[QuÂ&#x201E;@DqsWNS pwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]-MS[@Tž]h[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqptpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<poortwJ+sptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqsrtu qv 

9SGOO\Oj[L<oxtsruJ+ppqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<poortw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLorsptwÄĄoupvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppxpvqs qu qMJ

ortrpwÄĄotqptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpwssÄĄouposoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpqorust s sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpstqÄĄoxtxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLororopÄĄ

ǜžqpsqtsv u rMJ

ppsxsxÄĄoppqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuos(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJQ[J[L<ovppoxJ+rsspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpprxtq qw (

J+sptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<optvtwJ+tprxtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]ptrqqr r rMJ

ovoqorÄĄoxpstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpptvÄĄoqqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTsqososr pp rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrwqtÄĄppqqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrwqtÄĄporoqp

Ç?Çłvpxrwsr pw pMJ

ossoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossoqsÄĄoupvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lrsrpuo w pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwprrt qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twprrt pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovppoqJ+rssostSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtsqxJ+ppqxqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovppoqJ+

rssostSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovppoqJ+rssostSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<poortpJ+

sptqsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poortpJ+sptqsvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtsqxJ+ppqxqqtSI[+L[H :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovppoqJ+rssostSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<poortpJ+sptqsvtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovoxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxptpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?40


vÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqv9[bTL.W[QvÂ&#x201E;@DqtWNS pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqporO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ S[\H<oxtxpuJ+spsrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqoqp

Â&#x201E;SOH]Q[J[L<ovtpqwJ+ruqrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

spsrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<oosxtrJ+swtprqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqquu qv qMJ

oupwprÄĄowrosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqttttÄĄorowqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpqqpurs s sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrwosÄĄporootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtsoqÄĄ

ǜžqpstpsr u rMJ

owrroqÄĄpoporsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoporsÄĄppswouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuro(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpvtx\Oj[LoxrwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

qw O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqrspr qx (

\Oj[L<pootqrJ+pptwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<oxtxpuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]puqxto r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsouÄĄoqtooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTsqotwtq pp rMJ

ortqsoÄĄotqporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoupoooÄĄovoqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvpxrpp pw pMJ

owsuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsurtÄĄowrosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrsrvqq w pMJ

9[TS[\HoxorttÄĄpoqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwpoqs qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twpoqs pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovtpqoJ+ruqrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pootpuJ+pptwpqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovtpqoJ+ruqrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovtpqoJ+ ruqrqqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L< ovtpqoJ+ruqrqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxtxoxJ+

spsqttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtxoxJ+spsqttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pootpu J+pptwpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovtpqoJ+ruqrqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtxoxJ+ spsqttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovotqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orttqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqttp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqruooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otptppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?41


wÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqw9[bTL.W[QwÂ&#x201E;@DquWNS pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqoptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<oxqrtxJ+sopusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optrsq

PSG]9SG;S\Oj[L<oxstpqJ+ppxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½S[\H<pppwotJ+stqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9otpopv p qMJ

ovsutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvqsÄĄoprxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorovtuÄĄ

O^Kpqrtstq t pMJ

oxrvsrÄĄpqpsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoxqpÄĄovopqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqptpttv u rMJ

ororpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpvpuÄĄoutstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossotw

S[Č&#x2030;ppwvpr qu qMJ

ÄĄotqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louputt(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoptrJ+rutprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qx O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvtu ro (

oxqrtxJ+sopusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owttrpJ+xvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pvqvpv r sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsqqqÄĄoupwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoqstÄĄ

QĂžTsqppvqw pp rMJ

otqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpvpuÄĄouoxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpxqrps pw pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoupwrxÄĄovoqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtrwÄĄ

U\Lrssqto w pMJ

ÄĄoupwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupwrxÄĄovspqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvrr

Â&#x201E;9H^twvpr pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owopsvJ+rutppvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owopsvJ+ rutppvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owopsvJ+rutppvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ S[\H<oxqrtpJ+sopuqvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxstouJ+ ppxrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owopsvJ+rutppvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ S[\H<oxqrtpJ+sopuqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovoprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxovqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqptu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HportpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?42


xÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qx\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ro5\Ă&#x2018;TvxvO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqx9[bTL.W[QxÂ&#x201E;@DqvWNS pwp\X@S]W[\OĂ&#x160;]>H^­JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqorvJ+rvsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqtpq

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owtttsJ+xwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqorvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

L[;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLS[\H<oxqrtxJ+sopwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opwropt q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupxotÄĄovsvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrptÄĄpqttqo

O^Kpqtrprq t pMJ

ÄĄotquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorovqsÄĄortpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqptrwqu u rMJ

9[TS[\HoppptoÄĄoqrsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvqp(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Q[J[L<ovsspuJ+ruxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG

ro O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqprx p (

rvsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<ovrxpsJ+ttwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pwqssp r sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovootrÄĄoxrvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprtsÄĄoqtoqt

QĂžTsqpruqx pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrsstÄĄotquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrsst

Ç?Çłvpxptqr pw pMJ

popoooÄĄppsvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvsxÄĄopqtrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrsswqq w pMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppwsr qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twsr pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ovssoxJ+ruxSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovrxqwJ+ttxqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrxqw J+ttxqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovssoxJ+ruxSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovssoxJ+ruxS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovssoxJ+ruxSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqotpJ+rvsostSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owttsuJ+

xwqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqotpJ+rvsostSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxorqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouoosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwoo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqouqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otovpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?43


poÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ro\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHro9[bTL.W[QpoÂ&#x201E;@DqwWNS pwp\X@S].\@Â&#x201E;Qg\L Q^SO^S\Jj[\XL[\L NT[X[S]9[\T9[M^@[ Q^W\TQMSO.b:\S>[X[SW^Ç&#x192;[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwssO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<outqswJ+rsqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqtuot

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<ovrxtxJ+uoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<ovpootJ+rsstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqtqw r qMJ

pqppouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxooÄĄoroutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Kpqvuqt t qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprxooÄĄoqqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLororrvÄĄ

ǜžqpttxs u rMJ

poqussÄĄppsxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvsv(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L<ovoqppJ+rsqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorpuqq q (

outqswJ+rsqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ouooruJ+ptrrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pxqqt r sMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLowsstoÄĄpoqxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxptpxÄĄ

QĂžTsqptttu pp rMJ

ortotoÄĄosrssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtorrÄĄorsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpxvqw pw pMJ

ossprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutrsxÄĄowrpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lrstrtw w pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwotq qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twotq pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovoqorJ+rsqtroSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrxtpJ+uoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovoqorJ+

rsqtroSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<outqsqJ+rsqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

ovoqorJ+rsqtroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<outqsqJ+rsqvtS

I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ovrxtpJ+uoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<outqsqJ+rsqvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Q[J[L<ovoqorJ+rsqtroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpsos

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otorqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?44


ppÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHp/=[.W[QppÂ&#x201E;@DqxWNSpwp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvtxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<otosowJ+qxrqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqvsr

Q`;\US[9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ouopooJ+ptsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<osrxpvJ+qwroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppttsrx s qMJ

pqprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsropÄĄosrtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupxtxÄĄ

O^Kpqwrxqt t qMJ

oqtosqÄĄorsropÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrtqoÄĄotqvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqpupvsx u rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpottÄĄpqtssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutrpvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvtvsp qu qMJ

ovsqpsÄĄoxosqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwpr(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Q[J[L<ottxprJ+rptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losprps r (

otosowJ+qxrqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<osoqrsJ+tvovt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppopxqu s pMJ

K`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotptppÄĄovtqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrusvÄĄ

QĂžTsqqptsw pp rMJ

ovortpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpottÄĄoqqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvpwtxro pw pMJ

owrprtÄĄoxtxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouosÄĄoptwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrstxrx w pMJ

owrpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtspÄĄororsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tvtvsp pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ottxqwJ+rptosqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ottxqwJ+rptosqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottxqwJ+rptosqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L< otosopJ+qxrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otosopJ+qxrqtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouopptJ+pttpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otosopJ+ qxrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ottxqwJ+rptosqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowttrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpoow

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?45


pqÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHq/=[.W[QpqÂ&#x201E;@DpS\O1T.1j[T pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwrrJ+qsqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osoprr

.Ă?­[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osorsqJ+tvqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tprqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttppJ+qpspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqxttst t qMJ

otqwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqoquÄĄoxtxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpossÄĄ

O^Kqopoqq t rMJ

posrpoÄĄppqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvqwÄĄopqtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpursrv u rMJ

orttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwrx(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<ossootJ+qwrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotprqr s (

MS<oqtwrrJ+qsqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<optotrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ppppusv s pMJ

I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLovtpsqÄĄppqppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptwqwÄĄ

QĂžTsqqrus pp rMJ

oprwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqppvÄĄpqprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłvpwtpqx pw pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrpooÄĄpooxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrrorÄĄ

U\Lrttqt w pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvtsrp qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvtsrp pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttosJ+qpspqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ossopxJ+qwrsroSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttosJ+ qpspqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsu

vxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ossopxJ+qwrsroSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr qtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwswJ+qsqosqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ossopxJ+qwrsroSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LTX= .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<potxstJ+

psqssoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwswJ+qsqosqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwswJ+qsqosqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttosJ+qpspqqtSI[+L[H XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtwswJ+

qsqosqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ossopxJ+qwrsroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoustsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppowqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoupq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?46


pr„@DqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSps„@D>[ŃrO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]s„QvxvO[+T[bJUqp…OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTps…OU[:vpx…QcHr/=[.W[Qpr„@DqS\O1T.1j[T pwp\X@S]SŦ[H`H]j[

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpurrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<pqspouJ+pwrwqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrxpv

9SG;S\Oj[L<pqspouJ+pwrwqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<ppqxov

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě\Oj[L<ovtwtqJ+utsqt„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;

„@[T[9qpsuv u rMJ

-X[ġpqporsġoqqpsq„Mj[-X[ġorsxowġotpurr„Mj[

O^Kqprxx t rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxruprġpoqwsp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxptssġ

Ƕ¾qpusxqr u sMJ

ossqroġouqotr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppswsrġopposo„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxot(

>H^I­]LíÊ.Í­[„O\LSMS<oroxqtJ+qsswto„Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loupvrt t (

J+strwt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;U_T\Oj[L<ppoosoJ+psqutvt

„OT]ppqpsu s pMJ

\JLorsrqxġouqotr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovosruġoxptss„Mj[

QþTsqqtust pp rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotprtrġououqp„Mj[-X[ġoxruprġppqpox

Ǐdzvpwsrqt pw pMJ

oxtxqu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorosowġossqro„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrtppps w pMJ

S[ȉppvtpqo qu qMJ „9H^tvtpqo pq sMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9„O\LSMS<oroxpxJ+qsswrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovtxovJ+utssoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9

„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtxovJ+utssoS I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt

quLíÊH„O\LSMS<oroxpxJ+qsswrtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[<SS9[Q -9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppoorrJ+psqusoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ  .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<oroxpxJ+ qsswrtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

poptpqJ+pqrstqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ„O\LSMS<oroxpxJ+qsswrtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

pqspqpJ+pwrwsoSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poptpqJ+pqrstqtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppoorrJ+psqusoS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqspqpJ+

pwrwsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<

oroxpxJ+qsswrtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poptpqJ+pqrstqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lousptq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowsvso„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpposrr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opqoos„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orrptr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotstos„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owoqpu

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpoptso„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqpqqu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/optosr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpxso„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostprt„Mj[( Q[\S204

M[\ď47


psÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;sO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHs/=[.W[QpsÂ&#x201E;@DrS\O1T.1j[T pwp\X@S]1Q[>H^I­]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpttpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<popuqxJ+pqrwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqqst

<oprprvJ+qostttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<popuqxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovsvqvJ+uqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqwqqrv v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprrsÄĄoqtpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqrtrs t rMJ

orswrtÄĄotpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouotsvÄĄoutwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqpvqs u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovswruÄĄowrqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowropuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvswx qu qMJ

oxostwÄĄpoqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxrq(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<ovsvqvJ+uqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

t O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqtqv u (

pqrwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxoptvJ+rxrpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]pprppqs s pMJ

owoooqJ+ututvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<osttqqJ+txputo

QĂžTsqrpvsw pp rMJ

ouqpqoÄĄowrqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtsorÄĄorostvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpwrtpx pw pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrttvÄĄpoqwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtotqÄĄowsrqs

U\Lrtpvx w pMJ

poowsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoowsvÄĄppsvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tvswx pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovtxttJ+utusoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprpqxJ+qostrtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtxttJ+utusoSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprpqxJ+qostrtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<popuqqJ+pqrvsvtSI[+L[H

P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprpqxJ+qostrtS I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovsvpxJ+uqusqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <oprpqxJ+qostrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<popuqqJ+pqrvsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsvpxJ+uqusqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtxttJ+utusoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<popuqqJ+pqrvsvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprpqxJ+qostrtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ \Oj[L<ovsvpxJ+uqusqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppoorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotspowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoppsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqowroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S204

M[\Ä?48


ptÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;tO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHt/=[.W[QptÂ&#x201E;@DsS\O1T.1j[T pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptppO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovswpuJ+uqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louprrt v 

pptppuJ+pururtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovswpuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otqpqrJ+oqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpqsptq w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLorsrtwÄĄouqpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqsqxqx t sMJ

orosroÄĄotptppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpqrwÄĄouotptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqpvpqru u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqpsvÄĄovotqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqttqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvsstx qu qMJ

ÄĄouqpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqpsvÄĄovsrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrro

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxtx(

\Oj[L<otqpqrJ+oqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrstr v (

uqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<oursqwJ+rrqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ppswso s qMJ

ostuppJ+txpwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<optqruJ+tpspqqt

QĂžTsqrrxpt pp sMJ

ovotqpÄĄovswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqusqÄĄoprvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpwqvpo pw pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrtspÄĄpqprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouotptÄĄoutvtq

U\Lrtqrv w pMJ

orosroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpqrwÄĄoutppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrox

Â&#x201E;9H^tvsstx pq sMJ

ÄĄotptppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pptprpJ+purvpqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<poprpsJ+pqrqtvtSI[+L[H

99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[ @Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpx

qpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pptprpJ+purvpqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< poprpsJ+pqrqtvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poprpsJ+pqrqtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

otqppuJ+oqrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovswroJ+uqxsoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqppuJ+oqrqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovswroJ+uqxsoSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pptprpJ+purvpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otqppuJ+oqrqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poprpsJ+pqrqtvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoursooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtsqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoovsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqosrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orppsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?49


puÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[QpuÂ&#x201E;@DtS\O1T.1j[T pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsrpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otqqpsJ+oqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louprrt v 

\Oj[L<poprtoJ+pqrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L<owsrowJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ospotwJ+qvqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqvopx x sMJ

potstqJ+sspvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLoutvqtÄĄ

O^Kqttosq t sMJ

ovsxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposroxÄĄpqtrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžqpvqotv u sMJ

9^\T9S[\HorososÄĄorsvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoowqrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvspsw qu qMJ

opoxttÄĄoqrpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqoqu(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<oropqwJ+tsrstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrstr v (

wsxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otqqpsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pptttt s qMJ

O\G@\Oj[L<oropqwJ+tsrstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HS[\H<

QĂžTsqsps pp sMJ

oxrtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqxÄĄoqtprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqptÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpwpxo pw pMJ

osrutrÄĄotqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrutrÄĄotqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrtqxpo w pMJ

ppsvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvoxÄĄopqtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tvspsw pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<popsosJ+pqrtqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owsrooJ+wswsvtS

I[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;

H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<popsosJ+pqrtqt

SI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spq suwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<popsosJ+pqrtqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqp

qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsrooJ+wswsvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< otqqovJ+oqtpoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<popsosJ+pqrtqtS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oropqqJ+tsrssqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsrooJ+wswsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

otqqovJ+oqtpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqqovJ+oqtpoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oropqqJ+tsrssqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L< otqqovJ+oqtpoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oropqqJ+tsrssqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

owsrooJ+wswsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ 

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opowpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtoqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoortpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqoorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orovtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?50


pvÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;wO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHw/=[.W[QpvÂ&#x201E;@DuS\O1T.1j[T pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprtrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ootqstJ+sxpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovpqqu w 

ovqtroJ+truqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotouJ+rvpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spppsqx po sMJ

pqpoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprusxÄĄororrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Kqvxq u pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprusxÄĄoqqopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorostsÄĄ

ǜžqpvqvp u sMJ

poqutsÄĄppswpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqotr(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<owsrtxJ+wtpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxsqov w (

opttstJ+qptosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ootqstJ+sxpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppurx s qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowsqqwÄĄpoqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpuqpÄĄ

QĂžTsqsqrpu pp sMJ

orsvorÄĄosroqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtpsrÄĄorssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpwposx pw pMJ

ossrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutoqrÄĄowqxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lrtrtpu w pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvrwrv qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvrwrv pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owsrtqJ+wtotvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ovqtqsJ+trupqtSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsrtqJ+wtotvtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpx

qpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqtqsJ+trupqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsrtqJ+wtotvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ootqrvJ+sxpsptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqtqsJ+trupqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

ovqtqsJ+trupqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ootqrvJ+sxpsptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsrtqJ+wtotvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ootqrvJ+sxpsptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovqtqsJ+trupqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouquoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oposqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsurq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orortvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?51


pwÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;xO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHx/=[.W[QpwÂ&#x201E;@DvS\O1T.1j[T pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<potxoxJ+ssrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowpvtr x 

\Oj[L<ouqsqxJ+rtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pptspt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<otqvruJ+rospsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqtqpp pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsssrÄĄosrvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqrpoÄĄovouro

O^Kqwqspu u pMJ

orsssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrvrqÄĄotroqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrrppÄĄ

ǜžqpvrosv u sMJ

pqoxtrÄĄpqtrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousxtvÄĄowqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvrtqv qu qMJ

oxotspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpqo(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ovquorJ+trvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hposrqq x (

J+puswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<potxoxJ+ssrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ppvoqq s rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotpottÄĄovsxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtooÄĄpqprqv

QĂžTsqsstsx pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtrÄĄoqpxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtptsÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpwqru pw pMJ

oxtxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoupuÄĄoptxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lrtspqv w pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopquotÄĄorotouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovssquÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tvrtqv pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ovqupvJ+trwqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otqvqwJ+rospqqtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<ouqsqqJ+rstvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otqvqwJ+rospqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqupv

J+trwqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqsqqJ+rstvtSI[+L[Hprtu wpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqupvJ+trwqtSI[+L[H 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqupvJ+trwqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^ :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<potxorJ+ssroqoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovqupvJ+trwqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<potxorJ+ssroqoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<

ouqsqqJ+rstvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opooqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?52


pxÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;poO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/=[.W[QpxÂ&#x201E;@Dw S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqrwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxqtqrJ+sorvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxqurs po 

\Oj[L<otsssrJ+pqvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owsvpsJ+xrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LS

Â&#x201E;@[T[9txpvr pq sMJ

ÄĄppqorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptxprÄĄotrostÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqrrw

O^Kqxrupr u pMJ

ppqorsÄĄpqprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrpsÄĄppquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpvrqpp u sMJ

poovtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqroqrÄĄortprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpsv(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ouqtoqJ+rurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpprurx po (

popoopJ+pqqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<oxqtqrJ+sorvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppvtvrs s rMJ

MS<orotpsJ+qssvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLovsxoq

QĂžTsqtwsr pp sMJ

ÄĄoxtxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxsuÄĄoprupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvpvtsqr pw pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsvooÄĄopqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqwsqÄĄ

U\Lrtsvsq w pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvrqpu qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvrqpu pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ovovppJ+stq

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ouqsttJ+ruqoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<otssrsJ+pqustSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupw

qoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqsttJ+ruqoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

otssrsJ+pqustSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqsttJ+ruqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxqtrwJ+sorwvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otssrsJ+pqustSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqsttJ+ruqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxqtrwJ+ sorwvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouqsttJ+ruqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxqtrwJ+sorwvtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otssrsJ+pqustSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orowpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S204

M[\Ä?53


qoÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[QqoÂ&#x201E;@Dx S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]M[Ä&#x161;O[\L@­T[59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptssJ+rvsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporsso pp 

otqxswJ+otptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owsvqtJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovtorqJ+usqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqropp pr sMJ

ouqsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovpvÄĄoxputrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxsoÄĄ

O^Kqpossru u qMJ

otoxtqÄĄouoqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsrvÄĄppqoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpvrppp u sMJ

pooootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorotrqÄĄossssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqpt(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<otsstsJ+pqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqqpt pp (

xrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptssJ+rvsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwtsss s rMJ

opoppsJ+pxrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLorstptÄĄ

QĂžTsqtrptw pp sMJ

oqpxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstrxÄĄotpqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvpvsupo pw pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrsrvÄĄpoqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxputrÄĄ

U\Lrttsp w pMJ

ossssxÄĄouqsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppswosÄĄopoxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvqxt qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvqxt pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<otstoxJ+pqwpqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptrvJ+rvssqqtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

\Oj[L<otqxsoJ+otostSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptrvJ+rvssqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otstoxJ+pqwpqtSI[+L[Hqsuvx ppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otqxsoJ+otostSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt

quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otstoxJ+pqwpqtS

I[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptrvJ+rvssqqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otqxsoJ+otostSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owptrvJ+rvssqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptrvJ+rvssqqtSI[+L[H

M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otstoxJ+pqwpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptrvJ+rvssqqtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqxsoJ+otostSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[ @^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?54


TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orosqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxswoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qpÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pqO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/=[.W[QqpÂ&#x201E;@Dpo S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovrrowJ+rttxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpprxsx pq 

\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<otroopJ+otprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<otsqtwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovrrowJ+rttxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uuqwsp ps sMJ

J+ptqqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprqwÄĄoqtqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqppsxps u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstprÄĄotppqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouoqqrÄĄ

ǜžqpvqvst u sMJ

ovswqtÄĄowspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtoswÄĄowrrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvqttt qu qMJ

ppsutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoupvÄĄpoqvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqsq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotoxqq\Oj[LoxrsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opopss pq (

pqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGOO\Oj[L<ovtostJ+usrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppxtpts s rMJ

ovqqspJ+trsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<pppwro

QĂžTsqtttrr pp sMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqsrrÄĄowrrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqsqÄĄoroqou

Ç?Çłvpvrvtv pw pMJ

outtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsquÄĄpoqvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lruoqr w pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowqwpoÄĄpoovrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovrsÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tvqttt pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?55


@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

O[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<otqxtrJ+otppvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<otsqtpJ+pqstqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­ S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L <otqxtrJ+otppvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<otsqtpJ+pqstqtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otqxtr

J+otppvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[

K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovrropJ+rttxvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT „JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otsqtpJ+pqstqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L< oxtxoxJ+pqtrvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovrropJ+rttxvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L< otsqtpJ+pqstqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrropJ+rttxvtSI[+L[H

„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqxtrJ+otppvtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrropJ+rttxvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<otsqtpJ+pqstqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Loupoqu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowpups„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lporrov„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqswrw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orooqt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotprrt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovrosw„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxsspr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppsotx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxpt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqswps„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqoox„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď56


qqÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;prO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/=[.W[QqqÂ&#x201E;@Dpp S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpottO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ovqooqJ+rtqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqspqu pr 

<ouquorJ+rpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovqtqvJ+tsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upxsprt pt sMJ

xtoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLorstsvÄĄouqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Kqpqsxto u qMJ

-X[ÄĄoropssÄĄotpottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotowtsÄĄouoptw

ǜžqpvqptp u sMJ

outtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqtopÄĄovowosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppvqqss qu qMJ

-X[ÄĄosstroÄĄouqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqtopÄĄovststÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrpo(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<otsqtpJ+pqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprvoq pr (

ovqqrrJ+trsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovqooqJ+rtqvto

Â&#x201E;OT]pqosxq s sMJ

M\S<\Oj[L<oxtxoxJ+pqtrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<oxosqvJ+

QĂžTsqupxqw pp sMJ

S[\HovowosÄĄovtpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppququÄĄoprtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvpvqxss pw pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrspuÄĄpqprqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoptwÄĄ

U\Lruuto w pMJ

opquqwÄĄorottxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotowtsÄĄouswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^tvqqss pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄortoppÄĄotpottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<otsqssJ+pqsrtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ouqupwJ+rpssoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ouqupwJ+rpssoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9

Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otsqssJ+ pqsrtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqupwJ+rpssoSI[+L[Hprtvx popqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqupwJ+rpssoSI[+L[H 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otsqssJ+pqsrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovpxttJ+rtqvrqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otsqss J+pqsrtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovpxttJ+rtqvrqtS

I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouqupwJ+rpssoSI[+L[H XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LououroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqssspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?57


qrÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;psO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:qosP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHps/=[.W[QqrÂ&#x201E;@Dpq S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@QX[L\OS@SQ\JL 0bJ\QT[Ç&#x161;Ĺ&#x2021;\O Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovrvtvJ+ruprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsoot ps 

-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ovrxstJ+upxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovtwtoJ+vvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqrwst pu sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLoutssqÄĄoxrsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqprsuw u rMJ

posrquÄĄpqtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrxpqÄĄotrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpvprqv u sMJ

orssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovpxÄĄppsutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrrw(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<ouqttvJ+rprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqoxtw ps (

ovqtooJ+tspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovrvtvJ+ruprsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqpsux s sMJ

<oxosqoJ+xsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<owrsqxJ+wrupqt

QĂžTsqusrsr pq pMJ

pqprrpÄĄoqtqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqtqwÄĄovtpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpvqprq pw pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosrxpqÄĄotrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoropqsÄĄ

U\Lruprqo w pMJ

ppsutvÄĄopqurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopowrrÄĄoqqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvpxrr qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvpxrr pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ouqttoJ+rprroSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovrxrwJ+upxtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqttoJ+rprroSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrxrwJ+ upxtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqttoJ+rprroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovrwpqJ+rupsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrxrwJ+upxtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqttoJ+rprroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovrwpqJ+rupsqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouqttoJ+rprroSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovrwpqJ+rupsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ovrxrwJ+upxtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouoqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowowqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LototssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?58


qs„@DqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSqt„@D>[ŃptO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]pt„QvxvO[+T[bJUp„@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTqt…OU[:vpx…QcHpt/=[.W[Qqs„@Dpr S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]@;Ň[IÑP^SƟ[LR[Ê[-ǃ^O[>]X\QT „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxtqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ „Wń[<owquqwJ+rwpupo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oqrutv pt 

\Oj[L<oxqqpvJ+porust„Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxoqouJ+xsupvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;\Wĭ

„@[T[9vptqots pv sMJ

„Mj[I[+L[HǶP-Q`HbR[;\JLowsosvġpoqvpo„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqpsrvtq u rMJ

QbXŃbR[;S[\Horssopġosqutv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtroxġ

Ƕ¾qpvqrs u sMJ

orouqvġossupq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousvssġowqvqx„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsot(

Ñ\HMJLíÊ-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ovrxpxJ+upwpvt„Mj[I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqsqov pt (

ovtwqsJ+vtuo„Mj[I[+L[HOO„Wń[<owquqwJ+rwpupo„Mj[

„OT]pqqsrpu s sMJ

\Oj[L<owrrsoJ+wrspo„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<owqvppJ+wpx

QþTsqvwpv pq pMJ

oxpvrxġpqoxqq„Mj[-X[ġoprtpsġoropot„Mj[(

Ǐdzvpvprqp pw pMJ

orsuqp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoprtpsġoqpwox„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrupxtr w pMJ

9[TS[\Hpoqvqtġppsvts„Mj[(

S[ȉppvpuqr qu qMJ „9H^tvpuqr pq sMJ ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<ovrxpqJ+upvuoSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<oxqqowJ+poruqqtSI[+L[HKL^ S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn

@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[„Wń[<owqusrJ+rwpusvtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxqqowJ+poruqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ovrxpqJ+ upvuoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oxqqowJ+poruqqtSI[+L[Hqrtv

xpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ovrxpqJ+upvuoS

I[+L[H<SW[ù[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„Wń[<owqusrJ+rwpusvtSI[+L[HTX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxqqowJ+poruqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/„Wń[<owqusrJ+rwpusvtS I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrxpqJ+upvuoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owqusrJ+rwpusvtS I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

\Oj[L<oxqqowJ+poruqqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lottwrv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowosqt„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqppw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqruto„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqswrw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotopsw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovpxop„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxrqqt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppqxpp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovqw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqruqt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowqp„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď59


qt„@DqosQ[\S„T/M[9M[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSqu„@D>[ŃpuO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]pu„QvxvO[+T[bJUq„@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTqu…OU[:vpx…QcHpu/=[.W[Qqt„@Dps S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ S[\H<oxsqsrJ+spqvto„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorrrpp pu 

O[TO\Oj[L<oxootwJ+xsrqvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOS[\H<oxsqsrJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HǶP\Oj[L<owrxssJ+wtpqqt„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;\JL

„@[T[9vqvsxqx pw sMJ

orsurwġosrxtr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houquqsġovoxpu„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kqptqssu u rMJ

-X[ġosrxtrġotrrox„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howrtooġpooosr

Ƕ¾qpusxpq u sMJ

pqtqpp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousvquġowqvpv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsrr(

\ƻH]j[LíÊ„@½Ɗ[\Oj[L<oxqpovJ+porrto„Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orpstu pu (

spqvto„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;W[K½\Oj[L<owquqtJ+wpvt„Mj[

„OT]pqrsoqp t pMJ

otovrtġovsvqo„Mj[-X[ġoxrrtpġpqprrv„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTsqvrrpo pq pMJ

pqoxpxġoqpvtt„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoqtrqrġorsurw„Mj[

Ǐdzvpvtpq pw pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoutqġoqooov„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqoxpxġ

U\Lruquro w pMJ

opqutoġorousp„Mj[(9[TS[\Hovsusuġoxovow„Mj[(

S[ȉppvprpq qu qMJ „9H^tvprpq pq sMJ ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<oxqpqqJ+porsqvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owqupwJ+wpusvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L <oxqpqqJ+porsqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[

„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oxqpqqJ+porsqvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspu pwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxsqtxJ+spqwro

SI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxsqtxJ+spqwroSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[

M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owqupwJ+wpusvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxqpqqJ+porsqvtSI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[; M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<oxsqtxJ+

spqwroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lottssq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowooqx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpopvqq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrqts„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqsssq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lostvtq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovptot„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxqwqw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppqtpt„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporrq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrqro„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososqs„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď60


quÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pvO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/=[.W[QquÂ&#x201E;@Dpt S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]-Ç&#x192;^O[>]T\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowtsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<ppqpsqJ+strupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losqxst pv 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<poqxqxJ+prqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppqpsq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<oxovsuJ+poqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpousq px sMJ

S[\HouqutpÄĄpoootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpvÄĄoprstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqpuurq u rMJ

ppquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvopÄĄopqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtop(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<ppqwpoJ+pttqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsxss pv (

J+strupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<owrwtwJ+wsxqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqsrvqu t pMJ

\JLovsvovÄĄppqoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqoopwÄĄotrrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTsqvtwqp pq pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoqqÄĄpqprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrsoÄĄ

Ç?Çłvputvs pw pMJ

owqvouÄĄpoovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqwqrÄĄorswrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpurrqp u rMJ U\Lrurrpp w pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvpop qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvpop pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ppqwoqJ+pttqvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrwtoJ+wsxvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppqwoqJ+ pttqvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppqwoqJ+pttqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppqptuJ+strutqtS

I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppqptuJ+ strutqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppqptuJ+strutqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<

owrwtoJ+wsxvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJS[\H<ppqptuJ+strutqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovturrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osooqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?61


qvÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pwO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/=[.W[QqvÂ&#x201E;@Dpu S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oppuowJ+toqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqvpo pw 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pqpustJ+pvtstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

xtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLorsvprÄĄouqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqqptpx qo rMJ

-X[ÄĄorsqtvÄĄotowquÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotouswÄĄouoopo

O^Kqpusqts u sMJ

poqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpwpvÄĄpoopopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžqpupts u rMJ

9[TS[\HppsvtrÄĄopowopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtqw(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrpsJ+qptutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqvsr pw (

oppuowJ+toqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<oxousoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqtrsqx t pMJ

S[\HovpoorÄĄoxpwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxptÄĄoqpvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqwqrto pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrrwÄĄppqoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrrwÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpuswtx pw pMJ

orovppÄĄossvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossvptÄĄouqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrurxtt w pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvuto qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvuto pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrqwJ+qptusoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oppuoqJ+toqruoSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxouts J+pooptSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oppuoqJ+

toqruoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrqwJ+qptusoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrqwJ+qptusoS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrqwJ+qptuso SI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oppuoqJ+toqruoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxoutsJ+

pooptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrqwJ+qptusoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oppuoqJ+toqruoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpooxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?62


qwÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pxO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/=[.W[QqwÂ&#x201E;@Dpv S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<orpuqsJ+ttqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louqtpt px 

9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqptrrJ+qqtqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pprspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprsxÄĄoqtsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xspwrp qp rMJ

-X[ÄĄorsqrwÄĄotowooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottxtqÄĄoutrpv

O^Kqpvprru u sMJ

owsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtrowÄĄowrtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqpttsqr u rMJ

9[TS[\HoxovtoÄĄpoqvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqttu(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[Q[J[L<osqwssJ+qwqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otoxsw px (

orpuqsJ+ttqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<oxssouJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqurprq t pMJ

S[\HouqvsuÄĄowrtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtptsÄĄoqtxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqwsxru pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrrrÄĄpoqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsusqÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpusotu pw pMJ

owqusuÄĄpooutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooutuÄĄppsvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrususr w qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppvrso qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvrso pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osqwrvJ+qwqtqvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxsrtxJ+pprrtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqwrv J+qwqtqvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osqwrvJ+qwqtqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L< osqwrvJ+qwqtqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orpurvJ+ttqupvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< oxsrtxJ+pprrtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqwrvJ+qwqtqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<orpurvJ+ttqupvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovswspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpootrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovorpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?63


qxÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qoO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;OU[:vpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/=[.W[QqxÂ&#x201E;@Dpw S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovrtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<otprqtJ+opxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqroo qo 

Â&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<osptqvJ+qvtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

prpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLorsvswÄĄouqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpupxsu qq qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtxsqÄĄotovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotououÄĄottxrs

O^Kqpvrwqp u sMJ

outrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqwpsÄĄovpotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqptrpqq u rMJ

-X[ÄĄossvtwÄĄouqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqwpsÄĄovswoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louquqs(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Q[J[L<ovosrxJ+rstuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottuqt qo (

otprqtJ+opxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<poqrsrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqvqwrs t qMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpotpÄĄovtrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquruÄĄoprsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqxptsp pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqxÄĄpqprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottxrsÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpurqtu pv sMJ

opqvquÄĄorovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotououÄĄousuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lrutrrr w qMJ

-X[ÄĄorsvrxÄĄotovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppvoqx qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tvoqx pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ovostsJ+rstvSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<potxtwJ+psstqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ? OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqrtwJ+prpsso

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potxtwJ+psstqvtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqr qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovostsJ+rstvSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otprsoJ+opxsqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<poqrtwJ+prpssoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovostsJ+rstvSI[+L[HXO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<otprsoJ+ opxsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpooprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoutxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxpqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppoxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?64


ro„@DqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSrp„@D>[ŃqoO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qp„QvxvO[+T[bJUv„@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTrp…OU[:vpx…QcHqo/=[.W[Qro„@Dpx S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<otpqqrJ+opuro„Mj[I[+L[HVƊ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howpwsw qp 

ʽXơU­ LíÊK\LƊ[S[\H<oxrpttJ+sptqo„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+rqrspqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<outvtpJ+ssott„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9xqwqqrv qr qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqtoġoxrrqt„Mj[-X[ġpqpsooġoqtsrt

O^Kqpvtutu u sMJ

„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLossprwġotrtpo„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossprw

Ƕ¾qptuu u rMJ

pooutqġppsvps„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvpsġopqvru„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqutp(

\Oj[L<outvtpJ+ssott„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousvpq qq (

9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<otpqqrJ+opuro„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ouovqw

„OT]pqwqtrt t qMJ

\O\Ɔ„R[;…OK`\H\Oj[L<potxorJ+pssrpo„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ

QþTsqxsqq pq pMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqwspġovtrsx„Mj[-X[ġpossotġpqtpsv

Ǐdzvpuqstx pv sMJ

ġotrtpo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoqtxqxġorsqor„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrvoqv w qMJ

9[TS[\Hopovstġoqqvrr„Mj[(

S[ȉpputvpw qu qMJ „9H^tutvpw pq sMJ ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<potwtuJ+pssqtqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<oxrpswJ+sptqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\U ǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9

„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otpqptJ+opupoS I[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potwtuJ+pssqtqtSI[+L[H

„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqs qtqvLíÊHS[\H<oxrpswJ+sptqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<oxrpswJ+sptqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outvssJ+

ssorvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpqptJ+opupoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< outvssJ+ssorvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otpqptJ+opupoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxrpswJ+sptqtSI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<outvssJ+ssorvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotrtoq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovsotp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxtvsr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqprps„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqtoq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Losrwpr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Louttqu„Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxowsx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppotru„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqsrtq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpqtp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsssu„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď65


rpÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/=[.W[QrpÂ&#x201E;@Dqo S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oututpJ+srwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxpotu qq 

ppspruJ+suropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owqpquJ+wportÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popororq qs qMJ

poqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpxppÄĄpqoxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprsptÄĄ

O^Kqpwxx u sMJ

oqtstoÄĄorswqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprsptÄĄoqpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpsrwsp u rMJ

owquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqwpuÄĄppsvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvpx(

\Oj[L<owqpquJ+wportÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovsotv qr (

oututpJ+srwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovsqppJ+rurpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqxqqru t qMJ

<ppqqtrJ+ptsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxsvÄĄ

QĂžTtowrx pq qMJ

oqtxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorspsuÄĄosqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvpupvu pv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorowprÄĄosswspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousttuÄĄ

U\Lrvvqs w qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pputsw qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tutsw pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9S[\H<ppsptpJ+surottSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outusrJ+srwtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppsptpJ+

surottSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppsptpJ+surottSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<outusrJ+srwtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<

ppsptpJ+surottSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owqppwJ+wpoptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<outusrJ+srwtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqppwJ+wpoptSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<outusrJ+srwtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppsptpJ+surottSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owqppwJ+wpoptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqoxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Loutpro

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppopsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?66


p.V[iqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qqO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/=[.W[Qp.X[Sqp

S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x201E;@DqosQ[\S vxvtqq \L+bIg9[M[ J+rxpw <qotoSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owqoqvJ+wwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtwps qr 

\Oj[L<opqvrqJ+totuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxpwqrJ+porrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqqsuss qt pMJ

ÄĄovsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqoÄĄpqpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswsrÄĄ

O^Kqpwpstq u sMJ

oqpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqttotÄĄorswsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqpsxpt u rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopovtoÄĄoqopqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxpsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pputotv qu qMJ

opqvtvÄĄorowroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsxpqÄĄoxowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvsu(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oxpwqrJ+porrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowruot qs (

owqoqvJ+wwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrpqJ+rxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qopxru t rMJ

\Oj[L<ppropoJ+puqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLototpq

QĂžTtortrr pq qMJ

ossqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqxrtÄĄovpqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpsÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpuxpv pv sMJ

ossqqoÄĄotrttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrutvÄĄpooptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrvpsqt w qMJ

pqtpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLouststÄĄowqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tutotv pq sMJ

O^KO\ž/H/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsxsoJ+ qptppo Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrotJ+rxqxsqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<opqvqrJ+totutSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqosoJ+wwsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrotJ+rxqxsqtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opqvqrJ+totutSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opqvqrJ+totutSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L <owqosoJ+wwsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opqvqrJ+totutSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<owqosoJ+wwsoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ \Oj[L<oxpwrxJ+porsptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqosoJ+

wwsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opqvqrJ+totutSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;

\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxpwrxJ+porsptS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqotqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LousvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqruooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqostxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S204

M[\Ä?67


q.V[iqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qrO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qsÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/=[.W[Qq.X[Sqq S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotououO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<oxpvsuJ+porqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hposoqu qs 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxpvsuJ+porqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ptqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLovsttwÄĄppqorx

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pptpss qu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpuÄĄoprsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqorxÄĄ

O^Kqpwprtw u sMJ

ppsvroÄĄopqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowquprÄĄpooutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwps(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oqstoqJ+tsposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrpov qt (

oxrtsuJ+sppvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<pppupsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qppurt t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqopsoÄĄotruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourooqÄĄpooqor

QĂžTtpqss pq qMJ

pqpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpossqwÄĄppqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvpuprp pv sMJ

9[TS[\HoqqvotÄĄorsurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqprrvtt u rMJ U\Lrvqpqw w qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppusvsu qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tusvsu pq sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oqssttJ+tsporoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxpwoqJ+porqsqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqssttJ+

tsporoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqssttJ+tsporoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxpwoqJ+porqsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxstssJ+ppsqrqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxpwoqJ+porqsqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqssttJ+tsporoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxstssJ+ppsqrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqopqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqprpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LousrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?68


r.V[iqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qsO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qtÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/=[.W[Qr.X[Sqr S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototsvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxstpuJ+ppspqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppwoq qt 

;S\Oj[L<oxstpuJ+ppspqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxsvquJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

prttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLorsxpxÄĄouroqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppvtssu qv pMJ

-X[ÄĄorsposÄĄototsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotossrÄĄottwqu

O^Kqpwuqx u sMJ

poqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpxtrÄĄpooqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžqprsto u qMJ

9[TS[\HppswowÄĄopovrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwsp(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<orrptuJ+tuwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqtps qu (

spsusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<porwtsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqprrr t rMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpqtoÄĄoxpxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpwÄĄoqpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtprox pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpwÄĄppqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrpwÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpttrtp pv sMJ

oroxoqÄĄossxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossxstÄĄouroqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrvqwrs w qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppussrt qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tussrt pq sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orrqppJ+tuxpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxstrpJ+ppsqSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<orrqppJ+tuxpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orrqppJ+ tuxpqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

orrqppJ+tuxpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<oxstrpJ+ppsqSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxsptsJ+pprrroSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxstrp J+ppsqSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<

orrqppJ+tuxpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxsptsJ+pprrroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?69


s.V[iqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qtO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]quÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/=[.W[Qs.X[SqsS\O1T.1j[T pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxspswJ+pprrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptqoq qu 

\Oj[L<orrqotJ+tuwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<orsxooJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxqwqxJ+sotxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ootoqt p pMJ

J+ppqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owpoqqJ+vstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Kqpvtqqx u sMJ

owrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtprxÄĄoqtwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsotqÄĄ

ǜžqpqropq u qMJ

oxrrpwÄĄpoqvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstsvÄĄowrxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppuspqt qu qMJ

pooutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooutsÄĄppsvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxow(

59[JU]\Oj[L<oxovrvJ+powpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpppwqo qv (

tutpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxspswJ+pprrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qrporp t rMJ

oxovrvJ+powpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<oxrusu

QĂžTtptvtp pq qMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsrtÄĄoqtttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourottÄĄ

Ç?Çłvptsupt pv sMJ

ototqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottwpuÄĄoutqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lrvrtsr w qMJ

9^\T9S[\HovttrpÄĄowrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquouÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tuspqt pq sMJ

oxoxrrÄĄpoqwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orswtrJ+tutpqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orswtr J+tutpqvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< orswtrJ+tutpqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxovroJ+povuoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxspsqJ+pprrSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxovroJ+povuo SI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxrurxJ+ppqoqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L <oxspsqJ+pprrSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orswtrJ+tutpqvt SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxovroJ+ povuoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqotqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpostttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?70


t.V[iqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;quO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qvÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/=[.W[Qt.X[SqtS\O1T.1j[T pwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bR[\;L]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxovsuJ+powsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqrru qv 

otospw\Oj[LowotoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxovsuJ+powsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opspsv q pMJ

J+vrqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owporqJ+vstrt

O^Kqpvrqpp u sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsxtuÄĄourpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovprruÄĄ

ǜžqpptspq u qMJ

ototpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotospwÄĄottwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppurwps qu pMJ

9^\T9S[\HourpqpÄĄovprruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwsqÄĄ

O^KO\ž

ÄĄourpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourpqpÄĄovtortÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsttw

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxrt(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<owotoxJ+vrqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqpott qw (

orsxpoJ+tutqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]\Oj[L<orrvrxJ+tuqrsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qsvqx t sMJ

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsoosJ+rwtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owotox

QĂžTtqqtsv pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<ouqpotJ+rpqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

Ç?Çłvptrwst pv sMJ

ovtttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvoxÄĄoprrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwquÄĄ

U\Lrvsqtt w qMJ

oxrrpxÄĄpqpsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwovÄĄoutpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^turwps pq rMJ

oroxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotospwÄĄoustppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostoqw

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ÄĄototpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<orrvrrJ+tuqrrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

orrvrrJ+tuqrrqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orrvrrJ+tuqrrqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oxovsoJ+powqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orrvrrJ+tuqrrqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<owotqrJ+ vrrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxovsoJ+powqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<owotqrJ+vrrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owpoqtJ+vstpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxovsoJ+powqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owotqrJ+vrrvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotppqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovpvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppsxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqopqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?71


u.V[iqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qvO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qwÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/=[.W[Qu.X[SquS\O1T.1j[T pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owotsqJ+vrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqtrtx qw 

ourwpqJ+rttrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<orrvtp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owotsqJ+vrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqvqwsx r pMJ

rttrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<ouqprwJ+rprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpvttt u sMJ

outpsxÄĄoxrrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpstrÄĄoqtuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqpppvq u qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosssotÄĄotrvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosssotÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppurtr qu pMJ

poovooÄĄppsvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvtvÄĄopqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourooq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotosow\Oj[LowotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oports qx (

J+tuqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<oroosuJ+tstptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qtsqu t sMJ

Q[J[L<ovqsrwJ+rttpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ourwpqJ+

QĂžTtqtrtw pq qMJ

I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<osppsqJ+tvsxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvptrpqo pv sMJ

ourpsvÄĄovtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpostorÄĄpqtpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrvtox w qMJ

otrvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwpxÄĄorsorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^turtr pq rMJ

9[TS[\HopovrpÄĄoqqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovqstrJ+rttptqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oroorwJ+tstprvtS

I[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM; H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<

ovqstrJ+rttptqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqst vxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oroorwJ+tstprvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqp

qrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<owotrt J+vrrrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oroorwJ+tstprvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <owotrtJ+vrrrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourwotJ+rttptSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqprpJ+rprqvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owotrtJ+vrrrvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ\Oj[L<oroorwJ+tstprvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ourwotJ+rttptSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovprpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxropqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppstssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opstpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?72


v.V[iqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qwO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qxÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/=[.W[Qv.X[Sqv S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotossrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ourwsuJ+rtutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqsro

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<oqoqpvJ+tqqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO\G@\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rpsuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<ossxspJ+txqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppposo s pMJ

opsspvJ+tpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxroÄĄ

O^Kqpurspp u rMJ

oqtwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsoqrÄĄosqqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžqporwtt u qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpooxÄĄostppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustopÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louroqx(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ossxspJ+txqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;

qx O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optwqx ro (

<ourwsuJ+rtutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otsursJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qupqq t sMJ

>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<ospptrJ+tvsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<

QĂžTtrqqqs pq rMJ

poqvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqotqÄĄpqoxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrtrÄĄ

Ç?Çłvptqsp pv sMJ

\JLoqtusoÄĄortorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprrtrÄĄoqpuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrvtvqu w qMJ

owquoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqxqsÄĄppswqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppurptr qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^turptr pq rMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oqoqpoJ+tqqtsvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourwrxJ+rtusoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqoqpoJ+

tqqtsvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqoqpoJ+tqqtsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourwrxJ+rtusoSI[+L[HW[:T:/ :[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ossxrsJ+txqspvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\L

I[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ourwrxJ+rtusoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oqoqpoJ+

tqqtsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

\Oj[L<ossxrsJ+txqspvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovoxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppspswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosousuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrvqr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opspqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orprpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?73


w.V[iqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;roO[QLQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]roÂ&#x201E;QvxvO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHro/=[.W[Qw.X[Sqw S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ostorwJ+txqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opturu

Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oosursJ+sxpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<oqssrwJ+tspqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqttrx t pMJ

otortpÄĄovstruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrquÄĄpqptpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqpttvrt u rMJ

pqoxrvÄĄoqpuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtutvÄĄortotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqpoou u qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxovÄĄoqoroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxrvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppuqwsq qu pMJ

opqxqoÄĄorpoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtpruÄĄoxportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourott(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<oqssrwJ+tspqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;

ro O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtuoo rp (

<ostorwJ+txqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsxqvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qutwpw u pMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;S[\H<pporptJ+sstwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtrtps pq rMJ

ortotqÄĄossssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourqrvÄĄovpsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvptpusv pv sMJ

-X[ÄĄossssvÄĄotrwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrxooÄĄpoorptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrwssu w qMJ

pqtpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousstvÄĄowquorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tuqwsq pq rMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsxqoJ+qutrsqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oosuqvJ+sxpustSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsxqoJ+ qutrsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqssrqJ+

tspptvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsu

vxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oosuqvJ+sxpustSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr qtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/

\Oj[L<oqssrqJ+tspptvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsxqoJ+qutrsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oosuqvJ+sxpustSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqssrqJ+tspptvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovotqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosoqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrqv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqowqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oroxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?74


x.V[iqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSpo.V[i>[ŃpØ]KSQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]rp„QvxvO[+T[bJUpv„@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTpo„@Dvpx…QcHp/b=L.W[Qx.X[Sqx S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]Ǐ\Ĺ>[Q[@­L[Ø]@;Ň[I\;S9SLObRgOLJU­LO[bS[„LbÊ[¢WOM^S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ \Oj[L<ooqvooJ+swqwqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrpts

M^LO­W^9SG\9Ǣö„O\LSMS<oprvrtJ+qpqsrt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

rvswpvt„Mj[I[+L[HǝO-Q`HbR[;\JLovstruġppqpqs„Mj[

„@[T[9qxppqx u pMJ

-X[ġpqoxsrġoprrtr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpqsġpqptqq

O^Kqptputr u rMJ

opqxrr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowquosġpoovpr„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpqp(

I[+L[H\ƻH]j[LíÊ.Í­[S[\H<pppvtsJ+strtqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

rp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortvrw p (

<ooqvooJ+swqwqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;O`\ĭ„Wń[<owpposJ+

„OT]qvttps u pMJ

-X[ġoqorpuġotrxos„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourropġpoorqv„Mj[

QþTtspxtx pq rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpostrqġppqvrv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswqrġ

Ǐdzvptxsp pv sMJ

oqquqxġorstqs„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qxqosw u pMJ U\Lrwpqw w qMJ

S[ȉppuqtrp qu pMJ „9H^tuqtrp pq rMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9S[\H<pppvsvJ+strttSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHS[\H<pppvsvJ+ strttSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

ooqvptJ+swqwuoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ

S[\H<pppvsvJ+strttSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ooqvptJ+swqwuoSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ooqvptJ+swqwuoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(„O\LSMS<oprvswJ+qpqtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<pppvsvJ+strttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ooqvptJ+swqwuoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[; L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovoprp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxpwqt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpprrtu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH „OL^9[opstss„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[ortwts„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Loupuou„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owqxrp

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpoqupv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqosrq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprrrq„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orotqu„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostpsv„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď75


po.V[iqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p@^LvxvO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHq/b=L.W[Qpo.X[Sro S\O1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S].\@@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^S9[= SI  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<pooptpJ+sqqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orpqpx

O[TO\Oj[L<ppptrxJ+ptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<pooptpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?OQ[J[L<otppsoJ+roqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqrqtpu v qMJ

pqoxswÄĄoqpttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsooqÄĄotosowÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpsrqtw u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrrtÄĄpoqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqprvÄĄ

ǜžqwsppv u pMJ

ostqpqÄĄourrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppswsvÄĄopovrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpsv(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^S[\H<oxspqoJ+sprspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotortq q (

sqqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owsvqoJ+xpxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]qwtqpo u pMJ

ortpqwÄĄourrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovptqwÄĄoxqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtssxv pq rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorrxÄĄottvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrrtÄĄppqprr

Ç?Çłvptqsp pv sMJ

poorsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpotxÄĄostqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrwpxrr w qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppuqqqo qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tuqqqo pq rMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otpprrJ+ropxstSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[S[\H<oxspprJ+sprrttSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Q[J[L<otpprrJ+ropxstS I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsqu

qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxspprJ+sprrttSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxspprJ+sprrttSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pooqotJ+sqqutSI[+L[HP[HH^bT

Â&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxspprJ+sprrttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

S[\H<pooqotJ+sqqutSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pooqotJ+sqqutSI[+L[H MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pppttqJ+ptrorqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxspprJ+sprrttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<pooqotJ+

sqqutSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpproooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opspswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtrt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqoorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oroproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S204

M[\Ä?76


pp.V[iqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]q@^LvxvO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qpp.X[SpS\O1WW[\L pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<ovrrqwJ+rupssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortxtr

-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owswqoJ+xqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqowsrJ+qqsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rvsrss w qMJ

ÄĄowrxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtpttÄĄoqtvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxtwÄĄ

O^Kqprsusx u rMJ

oxrrsoÄĄpoqvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstrwÄĄowrxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqwpsv u pMJ

poovqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovqtÄĄppswsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqpq(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoppoJ+rvqrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louprrw r (

ovrrqwJ+rupssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oupwttJ+rwqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qxsxt u pMJ

I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLpqptsrÄĄoqtvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourrsx

QĂžTttpwqw pq rMJ

otortxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottvruÄĄoutprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpsttsv pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HovtvtpÄĄowrxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquowÄĄ

U\Lrwquuo w qMJ

oxppqqÄĄporoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppupxpo qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tupxpo pq rMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoporJ+rvqrsoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoporJ+

rvqrsoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovrrsqJ+ruptpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoporJ+rvqrsoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrrsq J+ruptpvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owswprJ+xqprtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrrsqJ+

ruptpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoporJ+rvqrsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b; Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppquosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqprx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?77


pq.V[iqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r@^LvxvO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qpq.X[SqS\O1WW[\L pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otourqJ+rovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostuor

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oupxtvJ+rppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<ppoupoJ+pturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqqrqs x qMJ

ourspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpuppÄĄovtwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqworÄĄ

O^Kqpqtxrq u qMJ

otorrqÄĄottvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrstÄĄpqpttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqvqqrs u pMJ

ovpuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopropqÄĄorpprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppupttx qu pMJ

ourspqÄĄovtqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstoxÄĄotortpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqrv(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Q[J[L<ouqqtpJ+rrpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

r O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqrsv s (

otourqJ+rovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ortsrpJ+tvvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qposttx u qMJ

<owourpJ+vrvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLortqosÄĄ

QĂžTttswr pq rMJ

oprrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvttÄĄotortpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvpssxq pv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLottvrsÄĄoutprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourspqÄĄ

U\Lrwrsqx w qMJ

otorrqÄĄousstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostqtqÄĄourspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tupttx pq rMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ouqqsrJ+rrpvtvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ortsqtJ+tvvpvtS

I[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ortsqtJ+

tvvpvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouqqsrJ+rrpvtvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouqqsrJ+rrpvtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otouqsJ+rovpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqopqJ+ rppsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otouqsJ+ rovpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouospwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?78


pr.V[iqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;tĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s@^LvxvO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHt/b=L.W[Qpr.X[Sr S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqstqrJ+qspssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoort t 

9SGOO\Oj[L<orttrtJ+tvpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tpqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<owovrtJ+vsopqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9suqosr po qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutprxÄĄoxrrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuotÄĄoqtwpw

O^Kqpqpqpq u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossuquÄĄotsorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossuqu

ǜžqusrtp u pMJ

poovrxÄĄppsxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxoqÄĄoproquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrop(

I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Q[J[L<ostorwJ+qxqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqxsx t (

oqstqrJ+qspssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oprwqsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qppsqts u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<otptroJ+oroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H

QĂžTtupvtp pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoursrtÄĄovtwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposuptÄĄpqtqot

Ç?Çłvpssqqr pv sMJ

ÄĄotsorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtvttÄĄorrxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrwsqp w qMJ

9[TS[\HopovswÄĄoqquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppupqsw qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tupqsw pq rMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ostorqJ+qxqvrtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

Q[J[L<ostorqJ+qxqvrtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqstrvJ+qsptpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ostorqJ+qxqvrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[ 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqstrvJ+qsptpvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owovqvJ+vrxtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqstrvJ+qsptpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ostorqJ+qxqvrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoustswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxoqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oproooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouooqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprsu Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqsxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osruorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ps.V[iqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t@^LvxvO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHu/b=L.W[Qps.X[Ss S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?79


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pqrtoqJ+pwswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoort t 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqrtoqJ+pwswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

otpuppJ+orpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<oqrtrxJ+trtoqqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqorqps pp rMJ

oxqqruÄĄpqpoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprsotÄĄoqtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqppqttv u qMJ

ortqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprsotÄĄoqpuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžquttt t sMJ

9[TS[\HporosrÄĄppsxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrqu(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxrwJ+qutqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqxsx t (

S[\H<pprsttJ+supwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]qpqrxsw u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxtrÄĄpoqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTtusvtq pq sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorrxsxÄĄosqpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtwrsÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpsrttq pv sMJ

orpqotÄĄostrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoussttÄĄowquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrwsxrt w qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppuxrv qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tuxrv pq rMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxrpJ+quttSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<pprssvJ+supwptSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ S[\H<pprssvJ+

supwptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsu vpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxrpJ+quttSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqrtpvJ+

pwsxroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxrpJ+quttSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pqrtpvJ+pwsxroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxrp J+quttSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<porxooJ+prtwstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

pqrtpvJ+pwsxroSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<porxooJ+prtwstSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ

Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otpuqvJ+orqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pqrtpvJ+pwsxroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< orqxrpJ+quttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porxooJ+prtwstSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opquosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxto Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?80


pt.V[iqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;vĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u@^LvxvO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHv/b=L.W[Qpt.X[St S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<porxtoJ+psotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovporv u 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqsqxJ+qrqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxorqpJ+xtxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tsrssx pq rMJ

ÄĄovsttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsouÄĄpqpuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqtvÄĄ

O^Kqpospto u qMJ

oqpuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtwsxÄĄortqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqtqwtv t sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopportÄĄoqossqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpoqrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppuuqv qu pMJ

oprotrÄĄorpqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtrtpÄĄoxpqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrsx(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oxorqpJ+xtxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxqwps u (

porxtoJ+psotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxswsrJ+sptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qprrusr u rMJ

\Oj[L<ooporrJ+svsvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotorro

QĂžTtvpwt pq sMJ

ossvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtpxÄĄovpvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpsqxro pv sMJ

ossvosÄĄotspppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsotwÄĄpoosssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrwtvpp w qMJ

pqtqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousstwÄĄowquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tuuqv pq rMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqsqpJ+qrqqvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqqsqpJ+qrqqvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqsqpJ+qrqqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<

porxssJ+psortSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqsqpJ+qrqqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<porxssJ+psortSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L I[bL/\Oj[L<oxorptJ+xtxqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<porxssJ+psortS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqsqpJ+qrqqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< oxorptJ+xtxqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owottt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpooqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqsptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

pu.V[iqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;wĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v@^LvxvO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHw/b=L.W[Qpu.X[Su S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S] Q[\S204

M[\Ä?81


„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<oxorstJ+poort„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqpsp v 

<oprxowJ+qpqxqt„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SGOO\Oj[L<oxorstJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„9gTO\Oj[L<ovtpopJ+utwrvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;M\S<S[\H

„@[T[9tpwqtss pr rMJ

ppqqrp„Mj[-X[ġoqostvġotsprp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourtrxġ

O^Kqpootq u qMJ

ppqqrpġpqpurx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposuswġppqwso„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qstrpq t sMJ

poowos„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqqursġorstor„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourspq(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ovtpopJ+utwrvt„Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LíÊXƚ[„O\LSMS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpopwox v (

poort„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„Wń[<owqsowJ+rwqprqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]qpsrrrv u rMJ

<poorrpJ+sqro„Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLovsttvġ

QþTtvswrp pq sMJ

poostv„Mj[-X[ġpqporpġoprsps„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzvpsqrpt pv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsxrtġoprpou„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqurrġ

U\Lrxssw w qMJ

S[ȉppurpu qu pMJ „9H^turpu pq rMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<oprxoqJ+qpqwsvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ovtppuJ+utxptSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U ǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9 „W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtppuJ+utxptS I[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LíÊH„O\LSMS<oprxoqJ+qpqwsvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[

<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxortxJ+poppoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[ 1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L „O\LSMS<oprxoqJ+qpqwsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovtppuJ+utxptSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[? WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxortxJ+poppoSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtppuJ+ utxptSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxortxJ+poppoS

I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ„O\LSMS<oprxoqJ+qpqwsvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovtppuJ+utxptSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lourrtx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowtotr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppouqs„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[oppwpr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orrpqr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotswru„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owoqoo „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxtwss„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpprvop„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opouop„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrvtu„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqspu„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď82


pv.V[iqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;xĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w@^LvxvO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHx/b=L.W[Qpv.X[Sv S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovtpquJ+utxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxroox w 

<oppvtwJ+qoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovtpquJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<ovouosJ+tuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\UOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqqts ps rMJ

ourttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvsxÄĄoxqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqposoÄĄ

O^Kqxqrtt u pMJ

otorrsÄĄottvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsqqÄĄppqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqspwtq t sMJ

pootpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpqtrÄĄostsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loursrt(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ovouosJ+tuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppoost w (

utxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovqtoxJ+rttrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qptrorp u rMJ

owpvooJ+rwrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLortrroÄĄ

QĂžTtwpxx pq sMJ

oqpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxtoÄĄotorroÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvpspvx pv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrsqqÄĄpoqwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqrqoÄĄ

U\Lrxpqqw w qMJ

ostsquÄĄourttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsxstÄĄopowppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppuot qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tuot pq rMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppwpqJ+qorurtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppwpqJ+qorurtS I[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovtppwJ+utxqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovottvJ+tttoS I[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtppwJ+utxqoS I[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovottvJ+tttoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovtppwJ+utxqoSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppwpqJ+qorurt SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovottvJ+tttoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouroosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppoqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwor Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?83


pw.V[iqosQ[\S/bS/qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSpx.V[i>[ŃpoØ]KSQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]x@^LvxvO[+T[bJUqu„@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTpx„@Dvpx…QcHpo/b=L.W[Qpw.X[SwS\O1WW[\L pwp\X@S]\NS[SI

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovouoxJ+tuqo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporsqx x 

„O\LSMS<opqsqxJ+qotqpo„Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG;S\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<outopvJ+squqvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;\WĭQ[J[L

„@[T[9uptqstr pt rMJ

oqtxru„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourupxġowspst„Mj[-X[ġpqtqrvġ

O^Kqwtpsu u pMJ

ottvswġoutptx„Mj[-X[ġoxrsrpġpoqwsq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qrsuv t sMJ

owspst„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquswġpoowqr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourstv(

59[JU]\Oj[L<outopvJ+squqvt„Mj[I[+L[Hǚz[JU]LíÊlj[H]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpprwop x (

ovouoxJ+tuqo„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<outsptJ+rsrurt„Mj[

„OT]qpuqvqt u rMJ

<outrrqJ+rsrssvt„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpvosġ

QþTtwsxtx pq sMJ

oqtwor„Mj[-X[ġorrxtqġotorqx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzvpspppp pv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsupoġowsoqp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtxtuġ

U\Lrxqopo w qMJ

poowqrġppsxtw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxprouġporpro„Mj[(

S[ȉppttuts qu pMJ „9H^tttuts pq rMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „Q[V;H[S[W[K9„O\LSMS<opqsqrJ+qotpttSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH„O\LSMS<opqsqrJ+qotpttS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ  L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ovouooJ+tttvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[ „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<opqsqrJ+qotpttSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<outorqJ+sqvtSI[+L[H„T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ„O\LSMS<opqsqrJ+qotpttSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outorqJ+

sqvtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovouooJ+tttvtSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<outorqJ+sqvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovouooJ+tttvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<opqsqrJ+qotpttSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outorqJ+sqvtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Louquox„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowsroq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpotwrr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[oppoqo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orqrro„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotsosr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtsov „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxtotq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppqxox„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqtwow„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqroos„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospuqs„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď84


px.V[iqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]po@^LvxvO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/b=L.W[Qpx.X[SxS\O1WW[\L pwp\X@S]UjL59[JU]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SUjL>H^­Q[W½Ă&#x201C;H-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<outoopJ+sqtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpprstu po 

otorsq\Oj[LovottqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+sqtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<outrtxJ+rsrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqwrpu pu rMJ

ottsprJ+rqupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLortsorÄĄ

O^Kqwqtq u pMJ

oprsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwovÄĄotorroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžqrptx t rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLottvtsÄĄoutqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoururwÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppttrss qu pMJ

otorsqÄĄoustpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosttopÄĄoururwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtpx(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<ovottpJ+ttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqpptw po (

oqoortJ+qqqqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<outoop

Â&#x201E;OT]qpvqspx u sMJ

O[TO\Oj[L<ovottpJ+ttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Q[J[L<

QĂžTtxqpp pq sMJ

oururwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwqtÄĄowooprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxpoÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpstqr pv sMJ

otorsqÄĄottvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsspÄĄpqpvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrxqvtr w qMJ

ovpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprpsvÄĄorprqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tttrss pq rMJ

oururwÄĄovtstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstowÄĄotorroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqooqvJ+qqqptqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L 9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqooqvJ+qqqptqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqooqvJ+qqqptqtSI[+L[H prtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqooqvJ+

qqqptqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outoptJ+squqqtSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqooqvJ+qqqptqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovotssJ+tstoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outoptJ+squqqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovotssJ+tstoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(

\Oj[L<outoptJ+squqqtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqooqvJ+qqqptqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovotssJ+tstoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtopp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqquowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?85


qo.V[iqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^LvxvO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/b=L.W[Qqo.X[Spo S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovotpsJ+trrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrqrw pp 

ovtpsoJ+utxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ovqssoJ+rttqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vppqpsv pv rMJ

J+rorxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqprÄĄoxrstp

O^Kqwspq u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposvrsÄĄpqtqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosswrpÄĄ

ǜžqqsuu t rMJ

oqtwpqÄĄorrxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoowssÄĄpptoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppttorr qu pMJ

oqqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtrx(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotorsw\Oj[LovotptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqssqr pp (

oroutsJ+qtvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovotpsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpwqppr u sMJ

\Oj[L<ovtpsoJ+utxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPQ[J[L<otpxst

QĂžTtxtqps pq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvqwÄĄorooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourutuÄĄowooqw

Ç?Çłvprtxsr pv sMJ

otsqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosswrpÄĄotsqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lrxrtrx w qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpptoqqÄĄoprqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopowrrÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tttorr pq rMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orovpoJ+qtwqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orovpoJ+

qtwqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovotovJ+trpvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 

Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ >[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orovpoJ+qtwqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovtprrJ+utxtS I[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovotovJ+trpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovotov J+trpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtprrJ+utxtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovotovJ+trpvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orovpoJ+qtwqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovtprrJ+utxt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsupt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?86


qp.V[iqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;prĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^LvxvO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/b=L.W[Qqp.X[Spp S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@N[bHX[//j[@J[XQ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ovtposJ+utvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwtr pq 

Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Q[J[L<ossqsvJ+qxvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxotruJ+portqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqrtvtx pw rMJ

poqxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqsptÄĄpqpppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprssvÄĄ

O^Kqvsxru u pMJ

\JLorooqoÄĄortsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprssvÄĄoqpurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqpxv t rMJ

owqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporqouÄĄpptoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourttx(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<oxotruJ+portqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oppusx pq (

ovtposJ+utvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsttJ+rwqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpxpwv u sMJ

Q[J[L<otowqpJ+ropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLowsoswÄĄ

QĂžTtpoqrrx pr pMJ

oqtwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsoorÄĄosqpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ç?Çłvprtspr pv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorprtsÄĄosttrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustrtÄĄ

U\Lrxsrqu w qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pptsvqq qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttsvqq pq rMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ossqsoJ+qxutqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<ossqsoJ+qxutqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ossqsoJ+ qxutqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[TX=>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovtotvJ+utvrtSI[+L[HTX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ossqsoJ+qxutqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxottoJ+posqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtotvJ+utvrtSI[+L[H W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxottoJ+posqvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovtotvJ+utvrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ossqsoJ+qxutqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxottoJ+posqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?87


qq.V[iqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;psĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^LvxvO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHps/b=L.W[Qqq.X[Spq S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxosrxJ+poproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqstr pr 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxosrxJ+poproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxtpot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotosorÄĄovsussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtpqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wuqprp px qMJ

ovpxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppquÄĄoqpurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kqvspqu u pMJ

owsqsrÄĄpooupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqovÄĄoqouqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqptspx t rMJ

owqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprqqvÄĄorpsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourupx(

M_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Q[J[L<oussruJ+rsppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optosp pr (

J+sptvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹQ[J[L<otpvtpJ+rorsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqoptp v pMJ

pqpvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsswÄĄossxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvroÄĄ

QĂžTtpottpt pr pMJ

oroortÄĄortsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxoqÄĄotsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłvprswtr pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqppquÄĄpqtrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustssÄĄ

U\Lrxtpps w qMJ

ovttsuÄĄoxpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptsspp qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttsspp pq rMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<oussroJ+rsppvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<posqswJ+psuroSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<oussro J+rsppvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxosrpJ+poppoS

I[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<posqswJ+psuroSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxosrpJ+poppoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posqswJ+psuroSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrwqs Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?88


qr.V[iqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ptĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^LvxvO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x201E;@DqosP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/b=L.W[Qqr.X[Spr S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]Ç?ÇłM_\G­Q[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<posprxJ+psrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorqpqt ps 

9SGOO\Oj[L<posprxJ+psrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<pprvot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rprwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovsuttÄĄppqrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpwrsto qo qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqppruÄĄoprtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrtqÄĄpqpwou

O^Kqvrxto u pMJ

oprqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqvruÄĄpooxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loururw(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H<oxouptJ+sotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqvpt ps (

J+suqqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Q[J[L<otsrrrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqppptu v pMJ

-X[ÄĄoqoursÄĄotsrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvstÄĄpoouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtppqvq pr pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwowÄĄppqxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptotxÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprsrsq pv sMJ

oqqvprÄĄorstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqprpsu t rMJ U\Lrxtxs w qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pptspp qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttspp pq rMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txpxqt Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<oxouovJ+sossvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<posprpJ+psrpvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

oxouovJ+sossvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<posprpJ+psrpvtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxouovJ+sossvt SI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<oxouovJ+sossvt

SI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<posprpJ+psrpvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<posprpJ+

psrpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H< oxouovJ+sossvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LououqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orortqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrsqw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?89


qs.V[iqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt@^LvxvO[+T[bJUp.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/b=L.W[Qqs.X[Sps S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<pqrsqxJ+pwstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lospwso pt 

Ă&#x2DC;OG[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pqrsqxJ+pwstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ouqootJ+rrxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLorttpvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xosots qp qMJ

oqputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoqqÄĄotorswÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kqvsssu u pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrtrtÄĄpoqxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqstrÄĄ

ǜžqppprt t rMJ

ostupwÄĄourwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptotsÄĄopoxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourutu(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[S[\H<ppsoowJ+suqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orovru pt (

\Oj[L<oprstwJ+tppuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqwto v pMJ

ourwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxsrÄĄoxqstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppsuÄĄ

QĂžTtpptwuo pr pMJ

otosqqÄĄottwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtrtÄĄppqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvprrwsp pv sMJ

poouruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpsruÄĄostupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrpoutu w rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pptrvto qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttrvto pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<ppsoopJ+suqxvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqrsqpJ+pwsstvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppsoopJ+

suqxvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppsoopJ+suqxvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqrsqpJ+pwsstvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H <ppsoopJ+suqxvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqrsqpJ+pwsstvtSI[+L[H O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqrsqpJ+

pwsstvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<ppsoopJ+suqxvtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ 

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouoqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrorq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppotrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqouqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?90


qt.V[iqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pu@^LvxvO[+T[bJUq.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/b=L.W[Qqt.X[Spt S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsrrJ+qrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotpuor pu 

;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsrrJ+qrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<orrssoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpwrpÄĄoropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpqsrs qq pMJ

orsoroÄĄotorttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottwswÄĄoutrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqvtux u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowopsoÄĄowsrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvtxÄĄ

ǜžqotrsw t rMJ

oxpsrxÄĄporqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvpr(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<oqputtJ+troqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ortqqu pu (

tupssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚQ[J[L<ovooprJ+rssxpo

Â&#x201E;OT]qqrtst v pMJ

ourwpsÄĄowsrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtrrxÄĄoqtwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtpqrpw pr pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrtsvÄĄporooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvpwÄĄowsprq

Ç?Çłvprrrto pv sMJ

pooxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooxspÄĄpptpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lrpopssx w rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pptrsrx qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttrsrx pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oqpusvJ+trotSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsqtJ+qrsssoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqpusvJ+ trotSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsqtJ+qrsssoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqpusvJ+trotSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsqtJ+qrsssoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsqtJ+qrsssoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LS

MS<oqrsqtJ+qrsssoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqpusvJ+trotSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotprpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovquru Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?91


qu.V[iqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pv@^LvxvO[+T[bJUr.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/b=L.W[Qqu.X[Spu S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<osrqovJ+qwrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupqpr pv 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<orrrqtJ+tuppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HQ[J[L<ovrusvJ+ruqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqssstp qr pMJ

owoptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpproqsÄĄoprtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwtuÄĄ

O^Kqwprtq u pMJ

oxrttxÄĄpqpwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottxooÄĄoutrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqorwqw t rMJ

orptoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotosstÄĄousuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostust

S[Č&#x2030;pptrpqw qu pMJ

orsttpÄĄotosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvro(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ossutqJ+txpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osspsr pv (

osrqovJ+qwrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otqvppJ+ottrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqsqsp v qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorttsrÄĄourwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqopoÄĄ

QĂžTtprrqv pr pMJ

otosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosstÄĄottxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprqxx pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HourwqvÄĄovqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprrpxÄĄ

U\Lrpoqqsr w rMJ

ÄĄourwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourwqvÄĄovturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^ttrpqw pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<osrqooJ+qwrwvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ossustJ+txpsqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osrqooJ+

qwrwvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ossustJ+txpsqvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt

quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osrqoo J+qwrwvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<osrqooJ+qwrwvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotoxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqqso Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?92


qv.V[iqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^LvxvO[+T[bJUs.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/b=L.W[Qqv.X[Spv S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<oupvqvJ+rrppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovotqw pw 

<ovopooJ+ssxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGOO\Oj[L<otquqo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovorrpJ+sttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pousxsw qs pMJ

outrqwÄĄoxrupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwtuÄĄoropspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqwrvsp u pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLostopoÄĄotssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostopoÄĄ

ǜžqoqtrv t rMJ

popoouÄĄpptpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptpsxÄĄoprrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvst(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<osstrwJ+txppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrsrr pw (

J+otrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<oupvqvJ+rrppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqstxru v qMJ

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<oworrxJ+rvqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtprrttv pr qMJ

ourwsoÄĄowoqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposwtrÄĄpqtrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvprqsrw pv sMJ

otssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtxouÄĄorsoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrpororx w rMJ

9[TS[\HopoxrwÄĄoqqvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptqwpv qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttqwpv pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovoppsJ+stotSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqupqJ+otrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovoppsJ+

stotSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovoppsJ+stotSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovoppsJ+stotSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[ :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oupvqoJ+rrottSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqupqJ+otrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<oupvqoJ+rrottSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovoppsJ+stotSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowovrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LototqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpwst Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orspopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?93


qw.V[iqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSqx.V[i>[ŃqoØ]KSQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]px@^LvxvO[+T[bJUt.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTqx„@Dvpx…QcHqo/b=L.W[Qqw.X[Spw S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]Ø]L[;MčQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovsqrxJ+rurrrvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovtspx px 

\Oj[L<owtqtpJ+xqwro„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSP[ÍMJ9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owpuqxJ+vtvrt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;

„@[T[9popxppw qs sMJ

owsqppġporoso„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxqtrxġpqpqqw„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kqxvqr u pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoroptrġortuov„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoprttqġ

Ƕ¾qoptpu t rMJ

ousuttġowqwrv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hporrqtġpptprv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwoo(

VƊ]LíÊUH\PV[\Oj[L<ovoopoJ+ssvqt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louqxqq qo (

ovoqsoJ+strso„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<ovsqrxJ+rurrrvt

„OT]qqtturq v qMJ

„WgP[;½„Wń[<owpsqoJ+rvtqto„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTtpswru pr qMJ

oprttqġoqtxpu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Horsotwġosqqso„Mj[(

Ǐdzvprqopw pv sMJ

oqpvrs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorptquġostvox„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lrporwrt w rMJ S[ȉpptqtv qu pMJ „9H^ttqtv pq rMJ ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovooqsJ+ssvuoSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzS JU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owpuqqJ+vtvpvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^ ;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owtqssJ+

xqwpqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L „;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ 

\Oj[L<ovooqsJ+ssvuoSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L< owpuqqJ+vtvpvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtvw popqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<ovooqsJ+ssvuoSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsqu qvLíÊH\Oj[L<owtqssJ+xqwpqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ovooqsJ+ssvuoSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owtqssJ+xqwpqtSI[+L[HK[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ovooqsJ+ssvuoSI[+L[H

\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovsqtqJ+rurspoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovooqsJ+ssvuoSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovsqtqJ+rurspoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owtqssJ+ xqwpqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotsuto„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loworsq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpopxps„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqrpoq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqsspp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotopqs„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpssx

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxpprr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hposxtp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqpwsx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optost„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvot„Mj[( Q[\S204

M[\ď94


qx.V[iqosQ[\S„T/M[9M[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSro.V[i>[ŃqpØ]KSQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qo@^LvxvO[+T[bJUu.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTro„@Dvpx…QcHqp/b=L.W[Qqx.X[Spx S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ „Wń[<owspttJ+rxppo„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howrwov qo 

xqvpt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSP[ÍMJ9SG;S\Oj[L<owptrxJ+vttro

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

oxopooJ+xswpqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;„U[PL„Wń[<owostpJ+

„@[T[9pppqqqt qt sMJ

-X[ġoxrurxġpqpxqq„Mj[-X[ġortupxġostorr„Mj[

O^Kqxsqsr u pMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLoroqosġortupx„Mj[-X[ġostorrġotsssv

Ƕ¾qovqt t rMJ

oqovto„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqpqrxġpqtsqp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[ȉpptqptu qu pMJ

9[TS[\Hovtvprġoxptqt„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwps(

(.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊM_O­P[ÍMJ\Oj[L<owtqqpJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqsrr qp (

„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„Wń[<owspttJ+rxppo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<

„OT]qqutrqw v rMJ

rvqwro„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLototqvġovswpo„Mj[

QþTtpsspqu pr qMJ

O[bS[S[\Hourxoqġovqoss„Mj[-X[ġpqpqrxġoqpvst„Mj[(

Ǐdzvprpux pv rMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howssowġpoovrq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopprruġ

U\Lrposurr w rMJ

ousvoxġowqwtp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprrtuġorptrw„Mj[(

„9H^ttqptu pq rMJ ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owtqptJ+xqvSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[

L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<popvpqJ+pqtwsqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L -bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owptrpJ+vttpoSI[+L[H

O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LíÊH\Oj[L<owtqptJ+xqvSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<popvpqJ+

pqtwsqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

owtqptJ+xqvSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtqptJ+xqvS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V„Wń[<owsqoxJ+rxpstSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[<owsqoxJ+rxpst

SI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owptrpJ+vttpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owtqptJ+

xqvSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„Wń[ <owsqoxJ+rxpstSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<popvpqJ+pqtwsqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

ʽXơU­bJ[V

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotsqtr„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovtxsv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpoptpw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqqvot„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqsopu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lostvqw„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpotr „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxovrx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hposttt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqpsts„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsusw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrox„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď95


ro.V[iqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp@^LvxvO[+T[bJUv.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x201E;@DvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/b=L.W[Qro.X[Sqo S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<oxppsrJ+soptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxpvos qp 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxoorrJ+xsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxppsrJ+sopt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<ovrqooJ+rutsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppprttss qu sMJ

ourxppÄĄpoovsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqsxÄĄoprupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqpoqrqs u qMJ

pprpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqqvÄĄoprsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqv(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<popurpJ+pqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowpwtr qq (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxpstuJ+poqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;OT]qqvtoqt v rMJ

ovswqtÄĄppqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqowoqÄĄotsstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTtptpsqu pr qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqtqoÄĄpqpxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposxqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprpqpo pv rMJ

owqxotÄĄpoposuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqwqqÄĄorsursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqoqq t rMJ

U\Lrpotsrq w rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pptpwst qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttpwst pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<popustJ+pqtvrtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxooqtJ+xsustSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<popustJ+

pqtvrtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<popustJ+pqtvrtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxppruJ+ sopssqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxppruJ+sopssqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxooqtJ+xsustSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<popustJ+pqtvrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxppruJ+sopssqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoppqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovoutv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxorsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?96


rp.V[iqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qrĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^LvxvO[+T[bJUw.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTp.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/b=L.W[Qrp.X[Sqp S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ S[\H<oxpopqJ+soporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtptw qq 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxpstpJ+poqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<ourssoJ+rrspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqusrps qv sMJ

oxqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprooÄĄoqpwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsprrÄĄ

O^Kqppxx u qMJ

oxrvouÄĄppqtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrvouÄĄporpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqxtxv t qMJ

ostvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostvsoÄĄourxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwso(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<ppposvJ+ptpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxpptu qr (

oxpopqJ+soporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owtvtuJ+xrxvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwsvqq v rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLortusoÄĄourxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpoqÄĄ

QĂžTtptsvrt pr qMJ

otostwÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotouooÄĄouooprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprwqq pv rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqupoÄĄpoovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpuooÄĄ

U\Lrppqrq w rMJ

pptqoxÄĄoppoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptptrs qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttptrs pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppppoqJ+ptpqrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxpsssJ+poqptoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppppoqJ+ptpqrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppppoqJ+ ptpqrtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

ppppoqJ+ptpqrtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxpoquJ+sopptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxpsss J+poqptoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppppoqJ+ptpqrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxpoquJ+sopptSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoovqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovorop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?97


rq.V[iqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qr@^LvxvO[+T[bJUx.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTq.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/b=L.W[Qrq.X[Sqq S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrwquJ+rwtoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqrtr qr 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owtwpsJ+xrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;K`\HQ[J[L<otpqtqJ+ropuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oxsuu p rMJ

owssruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtstsÄĄorooorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspsuÄĄ

O^Kqpptxsp u qMJ

oxrvqoÄĄporprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovswttÄĄowsrow

ǜžpqxtwrw t qMJ

poppprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoppprÄĄpptqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtp(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<pprstoJ+puppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoortu qs (

owrwquJ+rwtoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owppqvJ+vsqpo

Â&#x201E;OT]qqxssqo v rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpxtwÄĄoroqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxqvÄĄ

QĂžTtpuqots pr qMJ

ototpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouooroÄĄoutssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprsst pv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqtrÄĄowssruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqxrtÄĄ

U\Lrppporr w rMJ

oxpttrÄĄporsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptpqqs qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttpqqs pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txpspqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pprtosJ+pupptvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pprtosJ+ pupptvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pprtosJ+pupptvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrwpwJ+

rwtoqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owtwouJ+xrxrqtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pprtosJ+pupptvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrwpwJ+rwtoqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoorrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosstsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutxot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqorouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?98


pX[7LqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qs@^LvxvO[+T[bJUpo.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTr.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/b=L.W[QpU[7Lqr S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rq.V[iqosQ[\S vxvuqr /bS/ J+purq <ppsqSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovrwpuJ+rupxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotsoq qs 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owppssJ+vsqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwosJ+qttrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqrssw q rMJ

ÄĄposxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqqÄĄoprusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqpwrrÄĄ

O^Kqpqtssr u qMJ

ourxrsÄĄovqppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprssqÄĄorpupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqoorr t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxrsÄĄovtvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvprÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxoq(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<pproouJ+pttwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpottrx qt (

ovrwpuJ+rupxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<outwpvJ+srwqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rosppw v sMJ

I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrvrtÄĄoppsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Howssss

QĂžTtputsqq pr rMJ

orsqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoosvÄĄoutstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłvprppx pv rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotourtÄĄouswprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvtuÄĄourxrs

U\Lrpppwrs w rMJ

ototqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptxpr qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttxpr pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ppqxtwJ+pttwqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovrwqxJ+rupxstSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<potwpwJ+psrwroSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovrwqxJ+rupxstSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppqxtwJ+pttwqvtS I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potwpwJ+psrwroSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt pvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppqxtwJ+pttwqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppqxtwJ+pttwqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrwqxJ+rupxstSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owpptxJ+vsrroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovrwqxJ+rupxstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potwpwJ+psrwroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ 

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovssorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqppqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosspsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louttox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?99


qX[7LqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;quĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qt@^LvxvO[+T[bJUpp.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTs.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/b=L.W[QqU[7Lqs S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9[\Q9[59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototsrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<oupqtrJ+rqsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppqrsp qt 

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGOO\Oj[L<outwtxJ+ssopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqqoqJ+qorvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9purwtr r rMJ

oxquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotoutsÄĄouopotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqprtrtx u rMJ

pqprrrÄĄorooroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostppvÄĄotstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqossx t rMJ

pptrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptrpvÄĄoprstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpp(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<potwssJ+psrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppswox qu (

oupqtrJ+rqsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otqpsuJ+oruqo

Â&#x201E;OT]rprwpv v sMJ

O`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLouopotÄĄoxrvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworowÄĄ

QĂžTtpvqwo pr rMJ

oppsrrÄĄoqowssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqrÄĄoworowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqtwt pv rMJ

9^\T9S[\HorooroÄĄorsqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoppspÄĄ

U\Lrppqurv w rMJ

oppotvÄĄoqqxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pptuq qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ttuq pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<potwtxJ+pssopqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<poospuJ+pqqqrtSI[+L[HO`V

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<outwtpJ+

srxtqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potwtxJ+pssopqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poospuJ+pqqqrtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poospuJ+pqqqrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\O ÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<potwtxJ+

pssopqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouprowJ+rqstrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ouprowJ+rqstrtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outwtpJ+srxtqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potwtxJ+pssopqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouprowJ+rqstrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< poospuJ+pqqqrtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutppr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppttpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?100


rX[7LqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qu@^LvxvO[+T[bJUpq.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTt.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/b=L.W[QrU[7Lqt S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osqupxJ+qwpvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptsov qu 

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<pootosJ+pqqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[\Oj[L<owtqoo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osqupxJ+qwpvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqoqvw s sMJ

psruttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<owpwrpJ+vtvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H

O^Kqpstvpr u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqxÄĄoxqussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprptxÄĄoqpwtx

ǜžqoppqr t rMJ

ÄĄortvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprvpsÄĄoqpwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;pptqtp qu pMJ

9[TS[\HporsrtÄĄpptqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqo(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotovps\Oj[LoxrwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqsqst qv (

J+xqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otqqqwJ+orwt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrtpu v sMJ

orqtsxJ+ttstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<potwooJ+

QĂžTtpwpsv pr rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotovpsÄĄouttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqpsÄĄoppsss

Ç?Çłvpqttp pv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvpsÄĄotstrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororos

U\Lrpprsso w rMJ

orpuruÄĄostwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLouswswÄĄowroqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^ttqtp pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<poostuJ+pqqsptSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<orquotJ+ttsuptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

owtqpsJ+xqprvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqqqoJ+orvstSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<orquotJ+ttsuptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poostuJ+pqqsptSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtqpsJ+xqprvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poostuJ+pqqsptSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqurqJ+

qwpwptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqurqJ+qwpwptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqqqoJ+orvstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<poostuJ+pqqsptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqurqJ+qwpwptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owtqpsJ+xqprvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqorrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousvpv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owssorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?101


sX[7LqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qv@^LvxvO[+T[bJUpr.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTu.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/b=L.W[QsU[7Lqu S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqqvJ+qrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqutr qv 

.Ă?­[\Oj[L<ovqttuJ+tstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<owpxpqJ+vtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qsqvrt t sMJ

ovtoopÄĄporqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppstsÄĄororpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqpuspo u rMJ

oxqutpÄĄpprqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvqvÄĄorootxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqoqopq t rMJ

pqttspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousxouÄĄowrorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqv(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<owtroqJ+xqrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsost qw (

oqqqqvJ+qrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<opptovJ+topvtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rrrqpu w pMJ

O½[<[H\Oj[L<otqvtpJ+osxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtpwrtsr pr rMJ

ortvqpÄĄotstrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxsvÄĄovqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqtqx pv rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoppstsÄĄoqoxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqprttÄĄ

U\Lrppsqsr w rMJ

oprtpqÄĄorpussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtwouÄĄoxpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppstxso qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tstxso pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owtqtuJ+xqrqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovqupoJ+tstrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpxouJ+vtwsvt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqo

qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtqtuJ+xqrqqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ovqupoJ+tstrtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqupoJ+tstrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqqqsqJ+qrvsvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owpxouJ+vtwsvtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owtqtuJ+xqrqqt SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqsqJ+

qrvsvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovqupoJ+tstrtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotptqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousrqp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orotrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

tX[7LqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qw@^LvxvO[+T[bJUps.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTv.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/b=L.W[QtU[7Lqv S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?102


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotourtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<pqouooJ+pvqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oporst

ottotqJ+psuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<pqouooJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<otqwttJ+otqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpwrvrv u sMJ

outuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrwrsÄĄppqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqvÄĄ

O^Kqpvpsrs u sMJ

otourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxpqÄĄortvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqorppq t rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotorqÄĄpprqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrtrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppsturo qu pMJ

oqqxtsÄĄorswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrs(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<ovqvopJ+tsvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L<

qw O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrpr qx (

pvqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JS[\H<potsooJ+ssqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;

Â&#x201E;OT]rsqxpv w pMJ

oqqxrwJ+trqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotovtuÄĄ

QĂžTtpxxsw pr rMJ

otstsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpruÄĄoxqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvsoÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqsxqx pv rMJ

oxqutwÄĄpotorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqusxÄĄpqqotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpptosw w rMJ

oprtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrotsÄĄpopqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tsturo pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovqutqJ+tsvqoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqqxrqJ+trqrtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ottost J+psuvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L  Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[  \Oj[L<otqwsxJ+otqpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oqqxrqJ+trqrtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxsoquJ+ppqoqoSI[+L[HO`V 99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<ovqutqJ+tsvqoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottostJ+psuvt SI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovqutqJ+tsvqoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ottostJ+psuvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsoquJ+ppqoqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovqutqJ+tsvqoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pqoupsJ+pvqtstSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L< oxsoquJ+ppqoqoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otqwsxJ+otqpqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L< ovqutqJ+tsvqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L< pqoupsJ+pvqtstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottostJ+psuvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsoquJ+ppqoqoSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotppquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LppttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourxqt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owruppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opptqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oropspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?103


uX[7LqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;roĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qx@^LvxvO[+T[bJUpt.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTw.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHro/b=L.W[QuU[7Lqw S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoutsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxsprxJ+ppqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opsust

ottpruJ+pswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L<ospppoJ+tvruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqvovJ+rwpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovpqpsJ+twtt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqtspp v sMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtuotÄĄoroproQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotowpwÄĄ

O^Kqpwqwpr u sMJ

oxrwsxÄĄporqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvosÄĄpoowtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqossqo t rMJ

ourxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrqqÄĄopppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrx(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<ovpqpsJ+twttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortopr ro (

I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGL[;\Oj[L<oxsprxJ+ppqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ

Â&#x201E;OT]rtqupx w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;S[\H<ppqusvJ+stsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

QĂžTtpxssq pr rMJ

outuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqttÄĄopptprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvpqsuuo pv rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorputvÄĄostwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostwqsÄĄ

U\Lrpptwtq w rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppstrpx qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tstrpx pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ottptpJ+pswtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ospporJ+tvrttvtSI[+L[H99­C

S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ \QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ottptpJ+pswtqtSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ottptpJ+pswtqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ospporJ+tvrttvtS I[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottptpJ+

pswtqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsprpJ+ppqrqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<ovpqowJ+twsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ottptpJ+pswtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovpqowJ+twsoS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxsprpJ+ppqrqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<ovpqowJ+twsoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottptpJ+pswtqtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsprpJ+ppqrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ \Oj[L<ospporJ+tvrttvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovpqow J+twsoSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqostqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourtqx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opppquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqtvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?104


vX[7LqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;p3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ro@^LvxvO[+T[bJUpu.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTx.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpX[z[L.W[QvU[7Lqx S\O1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovprqpJ+tppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrvtt

<ospqptJ+tvrwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<oqrpsxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ottwsxJ+rqtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpvprts x pMJ

J+rwwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotowsoÄĄoututo

O^Kqpxsstr u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpspÄĄourxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworroÄĄoxqvox

ǜžqotxrq t rMJ

pprqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrrtÄĄotovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppstow qu pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrpqwÄĄpopqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopqtqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxss(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<osstoqJ+twtxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotooop p (

trquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGOO\Oj[L<ovprqpJ+tppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ruqrqp w pMJ

osstoqJ+twtxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrtt

QĂžTtqopwqt pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtotsÄĄporrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptqqÄĄororrq

Ç?Çłvpqsssq pv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoropstÄĄorsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotoswÄĄ

U\Lrpqutw w rMJ

ovtotsÄĄowsstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoworroÄĄowstpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^tstow pq rMJ

pptsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpuspÄĄportovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oqrqosJ+trqvrqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<osstptJ+txoroSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;

H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<osstptJ+txoroS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqrqosJ+trqvrqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqp qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovprprJ+ tppqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

oqrqosJ+trqvrqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L

<osstptJ+txoroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovprprJ+tppqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ovprprJ+tppqqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osstptJ+txoroSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< ovprprJ+tppqqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqrqosJ+trqvrqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osstptJ+txoroSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqootuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LourprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwpw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoouruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprtrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?105


wX[7LqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;r3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]p@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUpv.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTpo.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHrX[z[L.W[QwU[7Lp @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ossuowJ+txqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrwqp

ootvtrJ+sxrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ossuow

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oqqrtuJ+trupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sprrpq po pMJ

ÄĄopptrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstqqÄĄpotottÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsrw

O^Kqqpsqp v pMJ

ouorouÄĄoutvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxsxÄĄovqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqppuss t rMJ

outoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwqxÄĄourxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxsxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsv(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<oqqrtuJ+trupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louowsu q (

J+txqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsowJ+quqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rvqoqs w qMJ

Q[J[L<otqrttJ+rorvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrxpx

QĂžTtqotqtu pr sMJ

ÄĄoprwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqoppÄĄorsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvpqsqru pv rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoprtsvÄĄorpvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotoxorÄĄ

U\Lrpqptr w rMJ

ovtwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxouÄĄotovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppssutv qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tssutv pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ootwovJ+sxrpsoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ootwovJ+sxrpsoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ootwovJ+sxrpsoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqqrswJ+trttqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsooJ+quqqqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ootwovJ+sxrpsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqqrswJ+trttqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqsqr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpooqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?106


xX[7LqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;s3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUpw.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTpp.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHsX[z[L.W[QxU[7Lq @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oopqtuJ+svrvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossutp

9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppvooJ+qopwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oqroswJ+qrqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLouorqwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sptswrs pp pMJ

otoxqvÄĄouorqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptrxÄĄoqoxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqqqquqv v pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostpssÄĄotstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroqpwÄĄ

ǜžqprttq t rMJ

pptsrvÄĄoprtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppqqrÄĄoqrotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsx(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]S[\H<pprsoqJ+supqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

q O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovpqoq r (

oopqtuJ+svrvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;OT]rwpvqw w qMJ

oxrxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworrqÄĄoxqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

QĂžTtqpqvru pr sMJ

ovqpsoÄĄoworrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsswÄĄoroqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpqsosq pv rMJ

orssppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoprpxÄĄpptsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lrpqqrx w rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppssrsu qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tssrsu pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<pprrttJ+suppoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­C O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

pprrttJ+suppoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pprrttJ+suppoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oopqswJ+svrvqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<pprrttJ+suppoSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oopqswJ+svrvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppvpsJ+qopxqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pprrttJ+suppoSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oopqswJ+svrvqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqoqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?107


poX[7LqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;t3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUpx.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTpq.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHtX[z[L.W[QpoU[7Lr @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ S[\H<popupxJ+sqsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ottxqx

\Oj[L<pppqtoJ+ptvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<popupxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<ppswroJ+pururvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqxtuso pq pMJ

outvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrswÄĄopptsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqprwÄĄ

O^Kqqrtotw v qMJ

ortvstÄĄotstssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororsuÄĄortvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqptutr t rMJ

ostwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutpotÄĄowrqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxto(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]S[\H<poqsruJ+srutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGOO

r O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howovpr s (

sqsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxqstoJ+poruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rxpsrr w qMJ

oxpxqvJ+poqqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotoxtpÄĄ

QĂžTtqqqqs pr sMJ

oxqvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrosÄĄoqqospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvpqrwtx pv rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprwsuÄĄoqqospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpvptÄĄ

U\Lrpqrppt w rMJ

portquÄĄpptsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppssoru qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tssoru pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pppqsrJ+ptvpoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<poqstoJ+srvqvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pppqsrJ+

ptvpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstv xppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poqstoJ+srvqvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqr

qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<popurrJ+sqsustS I[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poqstoJ+srvqvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V

S[\H<poqstoJ+srvqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<popurrJ+sqsustSI[+L[H\LQ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pppqsrJ+ptvpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<popurrJ+

sqsustSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<poqstoJ+srvqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosouqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpurq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqttsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?108


ppX[7LqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;u3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUqo.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTpr.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHuX[z[L.W[QppU[7Ls @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxrqJ+rwsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovppru t 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxqtrvJ+porwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<oxpxtqJ+poqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tprtsrr pr qMJ

porsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppttsÄĄororsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvsuÄĄ

O^Kqqtpvsu v qMJ

pprrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxooÄĄoroqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqqpxsr t rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoutpquÄĄowrqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruowÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxtp(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[S[\H<oxrsruJ+spotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtspx t (

owrxrqJ+rwsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovtxpqJ+vppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpopprx w rMJ

ovowouJ+strrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLovtqowÄĄ

QĂžTtqqrvqp pr sMJ

otstspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxrxÄĄovqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqrvqx pv rMJ

oppttsÄĄoqoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqptowÄĄpqtvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpqrxqp w rMJ

orpvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtwpvÄĄoxputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppsrvqt qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tsrvqt pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<oxrsqxJ+sporqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

oxrsqxJ+sporqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxqsJ+rwsqtoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxqs J+rwsqtoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxpxssJ+poqrsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrxqsJ+rwsqtoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxrsqxJ+sporqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosoqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?109


pqX[7LqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;v3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUqp.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTps.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHvX[z[L.W[QpqU[7Lt @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovqtquJ+rtrutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovppru t 

;S\Oj[L<ovtxrvJ+vqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovqtquJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<ovowroJ+stsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqvrxsr ps qMJ

outwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsopwÄĄppqwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvsvÄĄ

O^Kqqusurx v rMJ

otoxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxtuÄĄortvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqqsspw t rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotpqpÄĄpprrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttovÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppsrsps qu pMJ

oqrpspÄĄortoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsx(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[S[\H<oxovsoJ+rxtqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtspx t (

rtrutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<outwquJ+sqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]rppwst w rMJ

otpvpuJ+optqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotpospÄĄ

QĂžTtqrpqqt pr sMJ

otstrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqprpÄĄoxqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxprÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqrupo pv rMJ

oxqvqtÄĄpotpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwoxÄĄpqqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpqsvqv w rMJ

opruprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrqtsÄĄpopsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tsrsps pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovqtspJ+rtrvroSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxovrsJ+rxtqpqtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovqtspJ+

rtrvroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqo

qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxovrsJ+rxtqpqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovqtspJ+

rtrvroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxovrsJ+rxtqpqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

ovqtspJ+rtrvroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovqtspJ+rtrvroSI[+L[HL[\S9L :[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovowsuJ+sttpqtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqtspJ+ rtrvroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?110


prX[7LqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSpsX[7L>[Ńw3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]u@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUqq.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTpt.V[ivpx…QcHwX[z[L.W[QprU[7Lu @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ Q[J[L<ourwqoJ+rrrwt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqoov u 

\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<outwroJ+sqwro„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ourwqoJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„R[;W[K½\Oj[L<otpvspJ+opuqvt„Mj[I[+L[HǶP\Oj[L<orsxow

„@[T[9upppoqq pt qMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotppouġoutwtr„Mj[-X[ġporsquġoppuou

O^Kqqwpvro v rMJ

pooxqu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvqpġostwqr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsv(

LOQ]LíÊlj[H]S[\H<oxovqrJ+rxtosqt„Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxrstu u (

rrrwt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouquouJ+ruqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO

„OT]rpqttr w rMJ

J+turruo„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;S[\Hpqtvqvġororqv

QþTtqrsvrw ps pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsorrġporsqu„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqvquġ

Ǐdzvpqrtq pv rMJ

ostwqrġourxqu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptsquġopprpq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qrporr t rMJ

U\Lrpqttrs w rMJ S[ȉppsrpr qu pMJ „9H^tsrpr pq rMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[W[K9S[\H<oxovrwJ+rxtpqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHS[\H<oxovrwJ+rxtpqoSI[+L[Hqsu

wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ourwrtJ+rrrwsqtSI[+L[H

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H< oxovrwJ+rxtpqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS

„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚS[\H<oxovrwJ+rxtpqoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[; O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ourwrtJ+rrrwsqtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

otpvrsJ+opupoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ourwrtJ+rrrwsqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<oxovrwJ+rxtpqoSI[+L[HXO[ ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loututp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxpqqr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lppqspq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprvqp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[ortsrt„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louovtw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owossr

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxsroo„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpppptx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqsrtr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqropt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osruoq„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď111


psX[7LqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;x3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]v@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUqr.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTpu.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHxX[z[L.W[QpsU[7Lv @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxtpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ouqosuJ+rqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxqspt v 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ouqtsxJ+rtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<orswtoJ+turrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqsqtqw pu qMJ

outxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtrotÄĄporsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuppÄĄ

O^Kqqxtopo v rMJ

oxqvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄororssÄĄorstsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžqrrwqv t sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovtrotÄĄowsutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoworqqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppsqvtq qu pMJ

popsqvÄĄppttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxputuÄĄportstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxss(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[S[\H<oxrurvJ+spqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoppox v (

ouqosuJ+rqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouqsopJ+rotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rprrq w rMJ

<oqsssuJ+trtptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotpprqÄĄ

QĂžTtqsqqtx ps pMJ

orortsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpruÄĄourxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworqqÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqrsv pv rMJ

potprpÄĄpprrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstsvÄĄotoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrprrso w rMJ

owstqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrrqxÄĄpopsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tsqvtq pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ouqpopJ+rqtrsqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<oxrutqJ+sprqoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ouqpopJ+rqtrsqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L

9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

oxrutqJ+sprqoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouqpopJ+rqtrsqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxrutqJ+sprqoSI[+L[H P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxrutqJ+sprqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^

:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouqpopJ+rqtrsqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouqtsqJ+rtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ouqpopJ+rqtrsqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxrutqJ+sprqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouosoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoosv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppoworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?112


ptX[7LqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;po3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUqs.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTpv.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpoX[z[L.W[QptU[7Lw @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpopuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ourspoJ+rrqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoqssr w 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouqrssJ+qtxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<oqotptJ+tqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vvqssw pv qMJ

potprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptssÄĄoprxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqptwÄĄ

O^Krpqsro v sMJ

ourxowÄĄovqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruqvÄĄorpvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqsvts t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxowÄĄovtwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortpqqÄĄotpopu

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrx(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[S[\H<poruqvJ+srrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hposstt w (

ourspoJ+rrqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<outqtsJ+spppqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpsopq w sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxspoqÄĄoppupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstqqÄĄ

QĂžTtqstwqw ps pMJ

orsuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouotsvÄĄoutxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłvpqrrqr pv rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotpptxÄĄoutqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwpsÄĄourxow

U\Lrprppsu w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppsqssq qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tsqssq pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<poruqoJ+srrotqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poruqoJ+

srrotqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

poruqoJ+srrotqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<oursqsJ+rrquqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouqrrvJ+qtxtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<oursqsJ+rrquqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<poruqoJ+srrotqtSI[+L[H

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxosrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtutp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpposowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqruoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?113


puX[7LqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pp3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUqt.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTpw.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHppX[z[L.W[QpuU[7Lx @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]M\OĂ&#x160;[bS[ML]M^Ă&#x160;J[59[JU].\@9[ÄĄĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpospO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovpwrqJ+rtptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqqsv x 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<outqpuJ+sxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<opsxovJ+tprorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqowtv pw qMJ

oxqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpqqtÄĄououppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krroqs v sMJ

pqpttrÄĄorosqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostpqtÄĄotstppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqsrwtq t sMJ

ppttspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttspÄĄopruroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrr(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<oootswJ+svpqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppvtu x (

ovpwrqJ+rtptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovtqopJ+urvtqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpstvqq w sMJ

Â&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLououppÄĄoxsppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworppÄĄ

QĂžTtqtrss ps pMJ

oppuqoÄĄoqpoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqposÄĄoworppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqrqtp pv rMJ

9^\T9S[\HorosqoÄĄorsuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopstqÄĄ

U\Lrprpxtq w rMJ

opprsvÄĄoqrqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppsqprp qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tsqprp pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oootsqJ+svpqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oootsqJ+svpqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oootsqJ+ svpqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovpwqsJ+rtpstvtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oootsqJ+svpqtS

I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V Q[J[L<ovpwqsJ+rtpstvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovpwqsJ+rtpstvtS I[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outqroJ+spopqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ovpwqsJ+rtpstvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oootsqJ+svpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoustotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxoortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtqtt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?114


pvX[7LqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pq3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUqu.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTpx.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpqX[z[L.W[QpvU[7Lpo @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrotxJ+rwptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqpxss po 

Q_T[\Oj[L<oqopsxJ+tqppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxpvosJ+poxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqrxqo px pMJ

otpqtqÄĄovoopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportprÄĄoppuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Krsrvsr w pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvrtÄĄotstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLorortpÄĄ

ǜžqtpppu t sMJ

orpvpvÄĄostwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutrruÄĄowrsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpqtq\Oj[LoxsproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptpsq po (

ovtpopJ+urtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrotxJ+rwptpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpttsrs w sMJ

Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<optsptJ+tpsqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtquxsw ps pMJ

ovqottÄĄoxqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrtpÄĄoqqqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpqrqrp pv rMJ

ortvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsopxÄĄoqqqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrprqvtv w sMJ

9[TS[\HporttrÄĄpptstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppspwqo qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tspwqo pq rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oqoqosJ+tqptoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqoqosJ+tqptoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpprJ+rwpttqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqoqosJ+tqptoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpprJ+rwpttqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpprJ+rwpttqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtotsJ+urttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpprJ+rwpttqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouspoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovswtx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?115


pwX[7LqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pr3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUqv.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTqo.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHprX[z[L.W[QpwU[7Lpp @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpprqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<poovpqJ+sqpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppurr pp 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxpuotJ+poutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tqrvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovtsqqÄĄportqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpstws qo pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwrqÄĄovqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvqoÄĄpprrtu

O^Krupuqr w pMJ

oqpoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpuowÄĄpqtwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqtstt t sMJ

9[TS[\HovtvsoÄĄoxpusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpw(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<ospxswJ+tvstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqvrs pp (

S[\H<poovpqJ+sqpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oqpuso

Â&#x201E;OT]rputpsw x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqvÄĄororsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvroÄĄotsstp

QĂžTtqustso ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsorqÄĄorostuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuqvÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqrqqr pv rMJ

outrtxÄĄowrsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprurtÄĄorpvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrprruq w sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppsptx qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tsptx pq rMJ

Ç?ÇłO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<pootqpJ+ pqpoqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ospxsoJ+tvsssqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ppoqtqJ+psrqsqtSI[+L[H

Q9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[ \OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ppoqtqJ+psrqsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[  H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ospxsoJ+tvsssqtSI[+L[Hqstvxpppr pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ospxsoJ+tvsssqtSI[+L[H

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ospxsoJ+tvsssqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poovqvJ+sqptpvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxpttwJ+ pourtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<

poovqvJ+sqptpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L< ospxsoJ+tvsssqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpposrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotswpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovstot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?116


pxX[7LqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;ps3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUqw.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTqp.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpsX[z[L.W[QpxU[7Lpq @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpptxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<pptxtxJ+suttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqprss pq 

\Oj[L<outpqwJ+srqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SG;S\Oj[L<ppopso

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<oqtotxJ+tsptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqvvtq qp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqsÄĄotsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqorrÄĄoxqvpv

O^Krvtupu w qMJ

ortvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqvpvÄĄpotpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžquqops t sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptuoqÄĄopruruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrsttÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxow(

M_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<ospwsxJ+tvsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opouss pq (

J+psqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<pptxtxJ+suttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvsxq x pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotprsvÄĄovoporÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsptvÄĄppqxpr

QĂžTtqvqprx ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsostÄĄotpptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqpoowÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqrqqu pv rMJ

ppqxprÄĄpqqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotpsuÄĄpprsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrprssv w sMJ

poptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrrrrÄĄortqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppspptw qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tspptw pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ppoprrJ+psqxqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<outpspJ+srrtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppoprrJ+

psqxqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqst vxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outpspJ+srrtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqr qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oooopqJ+sutstqtSI[+L[H

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outpspJ+srrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outpspJ+srrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/

W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oooopqJ+sutstqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ppoprrJ+psqxqtS I[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oooopqJ+sutstqtSI[+L[H

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outpspJ+srrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowswswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppoortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovspox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqousoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?117


qoX[7LqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pt3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUqx.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTqq.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHptX[z[L.W[QqoU[7Lpr @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TLT\QTĂ&#x2DC;[OL]M_\G­Q[S[:]M_\G­Q[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<oqoospJ+tptsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorppop pr 

<oxqwrpJ+porsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqtxqwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<orropxJ+ttrwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xxppts qp sMJ

-X[ÄĄportsuÄĄoppurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsqppÄĄportsu

O^Krxrvpv w qMJ

ostvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostvrsÄĄourwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtv(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<outoqxJ+sortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optoot pr (

pxqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqoospJ+tptsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwsupv x pMJ

S[\HpqtwsoÄĄorotrrQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpsptÄĄovopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtqvtvsu ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvpqÄĄpooxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvotÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqrqsp pv rMJ

ppttpsÄĄoppsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqutuso u pMJ

U\Lrprtqpq w sMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppswsw qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tswsw pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<outoqpJ+soptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxqwqrJ+porspoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqootuJ+

tpttrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxpppr

pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outoqpJ+soptSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oxqwqrJ+porspoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outoqpJ+soptSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqootuJ+tpttrqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxqwqrJ+porspoSI[+L[H>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outoqpJ+soptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oqootuJ+tpttrqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outoqpJ+soptSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<oqootuJ+tpttrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxqwqrJ+porspoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrvpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxptqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpossqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?118


qpX[7LqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pu3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ps@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUro.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTqr.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpuX[z[L.W[QqpU[7Lps @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqtqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ortxrtJ+tutouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losovqs ps 

O[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroorrJ+qsqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tvposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotpssrÄĄovopsv

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqpprrt qq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostospÄĄourvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqquÄĄoxqvov

O^Krpppxqo w rMJ

pprsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswppÄĄotpqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqvrsqp u pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrtqxÄĄpopttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopttpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwst(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<oxqvppJ+porppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrvtq ps (

ortxrtJ+tutouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<osovro

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxsrrs x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovttpxÄĄporttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppurqÄĄororrv

QĂžTtqwrsp ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorottpÄĄorswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpswÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqrrw pv rMJ

ovttpxÄĄowswtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqquÄĄowsssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpsopt w sMJ

pptupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpurqÄĄportttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppstrv qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tstrv pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxqvqtJ+porpstSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ortxqxJ+tutostSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxqvqtJ+

porpstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ortxqxJ+tutost

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxqvqtJ+porpstSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxqvqtJ+porpstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L <ortxqxJ+tutostSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ortxqxJ+tutostSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxqvqtJ+porpstSI[+L[H

XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ortxqxJ+tutost SI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opotttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrrpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?119


qqX[7LqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pv3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pt@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUrp.V[iqosP[SH]j\W\PTqs.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpvX[z[L.W[QqqU[7Lpt @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprqoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ortwptJ+tusvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotopqs pt 

pptxrsJ+putotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otsutwJ+ppwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9porpuro qr rMJ

osruorJ+twqotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsqrvÄĄ

O^Krprqpx w rMJ

opspqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqrsuÄĄorswrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqwprps u pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopruruÄĄorputrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotptppÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppsqqu qu pMJ

ovtutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrtoÄĄotprqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrq(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<otsutwJ+ppwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqxrs pt (

ortwptJ+tusvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ostssuJ+qxwtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqosotq x qMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<osourqJ+tvwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<

QĂžTtqxpoqq ps qMJ

oppurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowssrwÄĄpotpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpurtÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqrrsv pv rMJ

ouowsoÄĄovoqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourvqvÄĄovpxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpswpx w sMJ

outtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvpoÄĄourvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourvqvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tsqqu pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pptxsxJ+putprtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^L

H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pptxsxJ+putprtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^ O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pptxsxJ+putprtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otsutpJ+ppvtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< otsutpJ+ppvtvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pptxsxJ+putprtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otsutpJ+ppvtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqxqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxovrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqowroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?120


qrX[7LqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pv3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUpX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqt.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpvX[z[L.W[QqrU[7Lpu @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprsvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otsuooJ+ppttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottpqx pu 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpwsoJ+qqrvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovpsttJ+stutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poptqsw qs rMJ

ossxroJ+twtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLouoxouÄĄ

O^Krpssupp w sMJ

otptsoÄĄouoxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppurrÄĄoqoxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqwtrpt u pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostopuÄĄotsrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorouqvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pprtxpt qu pMJ

pptuqsÄĄoprurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopptoqÄĄoqrsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpw(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ovpsttJ+stutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqrtr pu (

otsuooJ+ppttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ourrppJ+rrprsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqprwpq x qMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<osrtotJ+twpwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

QĂžTtqxsutp ps qMJ

oxsqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqopÄĄoxquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvpqrsrv pv rMJ

ovpxrtÄĄowoqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuspÄĄorouqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpspuqp w sMJ

orswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopuprÄĄpptuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^trtxpt pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpwrqJ+qqrvpoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsttrJ+pptrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqpwrqJ+qqrvpoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otsttrJ+pptrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpwrqJ+qqrvpoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\O ÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otsttrJ+pptrqtSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpwrqJ+qqrvpoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otsttrJ+ pptrqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpssxJ+stusqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otsttrJ+pptrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpwrqJ+qqrvpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<ovpssxJ+stusqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqtqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxorsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqosrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?121


qsX[7LqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pw3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUqX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqu.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpwX[z[L.W[QqsU[7Lpv @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ovprtxJ+stsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lourust pv 

Q[J[L<ospuovJ+qvqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owputxJ+vrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqvrxst qt rMJ

twrvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpuowÄĄovoqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krpuroto w sMJ

-X[ÄĄpprspuÄĄoqqspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortusoÄĄotsrqt

ǜžqxrsqr u pMJ

oqqspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpurwÄĄostusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwoq(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<owputxJ+vrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpxov pv (

ovprtxJ+stsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovswtsJ+ruqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqqrtrq x qMJ

\Oj[L<osswrpJ+twtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<ossrroJ+

QĂžTuoqrqv ps rMJ

-X[ÄĄporuqsÄĄoppurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxpwÄĄoxqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvpqrtso pv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororpvÄĄortusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopspsuÄĄ

U\Lrpsqsqr w sMJ

outuprÄĄowrupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporttoÄĄppttrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprtus qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^trtus pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ospuooJ+qvqxsoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovprtpJ+stspvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ospuooJ+qvqxsoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ospuooJ+qvqxsoS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ospuooJ+qvqxsoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ospuooJ+qvqxsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovprtpJ+stspvt SI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owputpJ+vrortSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <ovprtpJ+stspvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ospuooJ+qvqxsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owputpJ+vrortSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouprruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqpqx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqoorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?122


qtX[7LqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;px3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUrX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqv.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpxX[z[L.W[QqtU[7Lpw @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpssrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<owpuqrJ+vqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovpvov pw 

Q[J[L<otsutxJ+rpptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owsxqxJ+wtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppoupr qu rMJ

tvqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLovturtÄĄporurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krpwpupp x pMJ

O[bS[S[\HouruquÄĄovpwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqurxÄĄpprspw

ǜžqpopurs u qMJ

oqoxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqputpÄĄpqtxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;pprtqtr qu pMJ

9[TS[\HovtuprÄĄoxpuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvst(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<owsxqxJ+wtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louprts px (

owpuqrJ+vqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrutsJ+rwqosqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrrqtt x rMJ

W^9Q­[\Oj[L<ossqtrJ+twrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<ospsqvJ+

QĂžTupopo ps rMJ

-X[ÄĄoppurpÄĄororoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortuqwÄĄotsrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvpqrutr pv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsptvÄĄorovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppurpÄĄ

U\Lrpsrqqs w sMJ

outuruÄĄowrursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruroÄĄorpuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^trtqtr pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otsvprJ+rppuroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpuptJ+vqxtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otsvprJ+

rppuroSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

otsvprJ+rppuroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<owpuptJ+vqxtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsxqqJ+wtosoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owpuptJ+

vqxtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otsvpr J+rppuroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ\Oj[L<owsxqqJ+wtosoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouoxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpvrr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?123


quX[7LqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qo3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUsX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqw.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqoX[z[L.W[QquU[7Lpx @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owswtsJ+wsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtrpo px 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Q[J[L<ouswpvJ+rrsvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrttJ+rxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owtporJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqqsttq qv qMJ

I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<orqotuJ+ttwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Krqoqpq x qMJ

ortupuÄĄotsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwsoÄĄoxquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqpotxsu u qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxquroÄĄpotpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxtvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pprsxsr qu pMJ

ppturtÄĄopruqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrutoÄĄpopusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvqv(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<owtporJ+wtrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovovqv qo (

I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owswtsJ+wsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]rqsropw x rMJ

wtrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<osprtpJ+tvqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupruuo ps rMJ

otpvouÄĄovorrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsrqtÄĄppqxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqrwpw pv rMJ

opsqoxÄĄotptppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxssÄĄortupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lrpssoqs w sMJ

pqqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotpsrÄĄpprspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^trsxsr pq rMJ

9[TS[\HoqrtqsÄĄorttpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ouswrqJ+rrswrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owsxowJ+wtotSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ouswrqJ+rrswrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouswrqJ+ rrswrtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L< ouswrqJ+rrswrtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owtotuJ+

wtrqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsxowJ+wtotSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

owtotuJ+wtrqqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owsxowJ+wtotSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ouswrqJ+rrswrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owtotuJ+wtrqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@ \HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouotstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ororqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovprru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?124


qvX[7LqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qp3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUtX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqx.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqpX[z[L.W[QqvU[7Lqo @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<owtosxJ+wtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqtto qo 

ovpxqqJ+rtsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owtosxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<owqqooJ+vrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oqorpvJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9otsoqp p qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpvrtÄĄovosooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporusxÄĄoppuqu

O^Krqpswsv x qMJ

pooxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpuowÄĄostttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvow(

\Oj[L<owqqooJ+vrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtxsq qp (

wtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsoopJ+rwqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;OT]rqtqvsr x rMJ

tptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxsoÄĄorovso

QĂžTuqprtv ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsrruÄĄporusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxquqoÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqrxtt pv rMJ

ostttsÄĄourtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttsoÄĄopptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqppsrtw u qMJ

U\Lrpsswqr w sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pprsurq qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^trsurq pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ovpxpuJ+rtspqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovpxpu J+rtspqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ovpxpuJ+rtspqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owtosqJ+wtqsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ \LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtosqJ+wtqsvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqptsJ+vrxrtSI[+L[H L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

owtosqJ+wtqsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpxpuJ+rtspqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owqptsJ+vrxrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouoptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovoxso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppswtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orspopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?125


qwX[7LqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qq3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUuX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTro.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqqX[z[L.W[QqwU[7Lqp @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owqqowJ+vsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtupu qp 

ovqorsJ+rtuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGOO\Oj[L<owqqowJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovqsrrJ+tptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opwtoro q qMJ

ovosqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtvroÄĄporutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqqÄĄ

O^Krqrrttq x rMJ

oxquoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorovtvÄĄortospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžqpqqxt u qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovtvroÄĄowtorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoosqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pprsrqp qu pMJ

popvooÄĄppturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxptqwÄĄportrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourusw(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ovqsrrJ+tptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowtpow qq (

vsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovturtJ+rurupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rquqtpo x rMJ

ooqptrJ+svrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotpwosÄĄ

QĂžTuqtpp ps rMJ

oroqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosswtvÄĄourtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoosqÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqspsr pv rMJ

potpruÄĄpprsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortospÄĄotpuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpstuqp w sMJ

owsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrvqqÄĄpopvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^trsrqp pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ovqosxJ+rtutqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovqsquJ+tpssqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqsqu J+tpssqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovqosxJ+rtutqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovqosxJ+rtutqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owqqoqJ+vrxttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ovqosxJ+rtutqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqqoqJ+vrxttSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovqsquJ+tpssqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqqoqJ+vrxttSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqsquJ+tpssqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotowtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovotst

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owssopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoprooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?126


qxX[7LqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qr3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUvX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTrp.V[ivpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqrX[z[L.W[QqxU[7Lqq @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;S@Ĺ&#x2030;[Ć&#x2020;Q]@Ĺ&#x2030; Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpurvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ovqssoJ+tptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqtrv qq 

outtoxJ+rsproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovqssoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ouoproJ+psupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?OS[\H<popxpu

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqpuqq r qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsrpoÄĄpotprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvouÄĄopsqsp

O^Krqtqrqs x rMJ

ovossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoursswÄĄovpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqprptw u qMJ

-X[ÄĄosttpuÄĄoursswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoursswÄĄovttoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louruqu(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ouoproJ+psupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxsqso qr (

tptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ousuoxJ+rrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]rqvqqrw x sMJ

J+sqrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrtwÄĄoppupw

QĂžTurqwpq ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqtqwÄĄortporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupprwÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqsrsr pv rMJ

opruprÄĄorptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpwrrÄĄoutwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lrptspw w sMJ

-X[ÄĄortuqrÄĄotpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprsopo qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^trsopo pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<outtopJ+rsppoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqsttJ+tptttSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<outtopJ+

rsppoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<outtopJ+rsppoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovqsttJ+tptttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouopqsJ+pstttS I[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< ovqsttJ+tptttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<

outtopJ+rsppoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ouopqsJ+pstttSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowoxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LototorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovopsx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpooxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppspooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?127


roX[7LqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qs3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qr@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUwX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTpX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqsX[z[L.W[QroU[7Lqr @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]Â&#x201E;;[9^T[Ć&#x2020;Q]LbĹ [¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ouoptxJ+psvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxttow qr 

Q[J[L<ououpxJ+rptwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osputqJ+tvqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppttvpo s qMJ

ÄĄoxssoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowooorÄĄoxqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Krqvppqo x sMJ

ovpvpqÄĄowooorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvoxÄĄorowrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpsqq u rMJ

ortpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvpvÄĄpptusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louruor(

JUQ]\Oj[L<osputqJ+tvqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lportqt qs (

ouoptxJ+psvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otpptwJ+qxsqqo

Â&#x201E;OT]rqwqov x sMJ

Q[J[L<ovtvttJ+rurvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLoupqos

QĂžTustqx ps sMJ

otpxoqÄĄoupqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuprÄĄoqoxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłvpqstts pv rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosswpwÄĄotspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorowrrÄĄ

U\Lrptpqpr w sMJ

pptusqÄĄopruouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppuosÄĄoqruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprrutx qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^trrutx pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ououpqJ+rptvttSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouoqprJ+psvtvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ououpqJ+

rptvttSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ououpqJ+rptvttSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouoqprJ+psvtvtS

I[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ospusuJ+tvqrtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< ouoqprJ+psvtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ououpqJ+rptvttSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ospusuJ+tvqrt SI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowotrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotopovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutvtr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpootoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?128


rpX[7LqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qu3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qs@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUxX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHquX[z[L.W[QrpU[7Lqs @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]-Ĺ&#x2021;J[-@59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvrtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ospvssJ+tvqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoquow qs 

Q[J[L<ostwoqJ+qxuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oqpstvJ+tqpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqxtpqo t qMJ

otpxrqÄĄovotquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvpuÄĄoppuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Krqwtxru x sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorttooÄĄotsottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqorÄĄ

ǜžqpssxsv u rMJ

orptpvÄĄostsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutwsxÄĄowrwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtso(

59[JU]\Oj[L<oqpstvJ+tqpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpprorv qt (

ospvssJ+tvqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwqoJ+qstuuo

Â&#x201E;OT]rqxpvrw x sMJ

XV­GQ[J[L<otqpotJ+rortqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTussqtr ps sMJ

ovpusvÄĄoxqtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprspuÄĄoqqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpqswpu pv rMJ

orttooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsropÄĄoqqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrptqow w sMJ

9[TS[\HportpuÄĄppttssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprrrsx qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^trrrsx pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwpqJ+qstusoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ostvttJ+qxttvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwpqJ+ qstusoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ostvttJ+qxttvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oqpstpJ+tqpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqpstpJ+tqpvtS

I[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwpqJ+qstusoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ostvttJ+qxttvtSI[+L[H

\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqpstpJ+tqpvtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowoprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutrtw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoopprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?129


pP[JqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qv3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qt@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUpoX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTrX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqvX[z[L.W[QpP[Ȣqt

@Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S] W[+ž[\ğX\QH/rpX[7LqosQ[\S vxvvqs \L+bIg9[M[ J+sspuqt <qroS WQj 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwosO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ooooouJ+surwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppoopp qt 

.Ă?­[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsrxJ+qtrurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

surwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrprxJ+qqtxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qprturs u rMJ

oropsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortssqÄĄotsoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrqrÄĄ

O^Ksosww po pMJ

oroxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuoqÄĄoqowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqptrwqo u rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoprttqÄĄorptoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtrtwÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtps(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqoop\Oj[LoxssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqxqs qu (

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxprJ+pxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ooooouJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]soptpp po pMJ

I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLovtwspÄĄporvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuoqÄĄ

QĂžTutqoqs ps sMJ

ovpuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqtpwÄĄpprspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrpoÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpqtoto pv rMJ

pqpvprÄĄopooppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutxppÄĄowrwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrptqwp w sMJ

oxpsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprrorw qu pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^trrorw pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsrpJ+qtruptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<poswsqJ+prsoroSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxqvJ+

pxrrrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poswsqJ+prsoro

SI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LS

MS<orrsrpJ+qtruptSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsrpJ+qtruptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VS[\H<pptxtxJ+surxttS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pptxtxJ+surxttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxqvJ+pxrrrt

SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsrp J+qtruptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pptxtxJ+surxttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpooxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutoop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?130


qP[JqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qw3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qu@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUppX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTsX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqwX[z[L.W[QqP[Ȣqu @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<oxrurtJ+sosopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprxov qu 

I[+L[HM^V½[9SG;S\Oj[L<posxrxJ+prsqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

vrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<pprrtvJ+ptrrrvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqwpor v rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqoroÄĄovouoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxssrvÄĄppropu

O^Ksqrutr po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrpxÄĄotpwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowstÄĄ

ǜžqpuqvso u rMJ

ppropuÄĄpqqrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotpowÄĄpprsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprqvqv qu pMJ

popvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrvowÄĄortvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourssw(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqopppJ+qpspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqqt qv (

S[\H<oxrurtJ+sosopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owqqsuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sppqst po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<owroqpJ+vtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L

QĂžTuttwp ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsqsÄĄotsooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovptttÄĄoxqtor

Ç?Çłvpqtrrs pv rMJ

ortsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqtorÄĄpotpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lrptrttr w sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptuspÄĄoprtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrwruÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^trqvqv pq rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<posxrrJ+prsqrvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoposJ+qpspqtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<posxrrJ+

prsqrvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoposJ+qpspqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoposJ+qpspqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoposJ+qpspqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxrusxJ+sososvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<posxrrJ+prsqrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoposJ+qpspqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxrusxJ+

sososvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpootrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousuot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?131


rP[JqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSsP[J>[Ńqx3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qv@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUpqX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTtX[7Lvpx…QcHqxX[z[L.W[QrP[Ȣqv @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxoqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ Q[J[L<ovoxqvJ+rsrppo„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqstt qv 

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<owqrrvJ+vrurt„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HL[;„R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<owrpppJ+vttro„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9rpqqwrr w rMJ

opooqpġoroxsqQbXŃbR[;\JLotqotxġovouro„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kssqtsw po qMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoxqssvġpoovts„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpsroġ

Ƕ¾qpvpvst u sMJ

ppttspġoppurq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursqp(

I[+L[HI[\>LíÊM^V½[\Oj[L<pqqptuJ+pvrqqqt„Mj[I[+L[H-bƂV[

O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqrxos qw (

ovoxqvJ+rsrppo„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<otttpxJ+pqsrt

„OT]sqpoqp po pMJ

OS]j[L\Oj[L<otquoxJ+oppso„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QþTuurtst ps sMJ

porvrqġopptsw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsssuġporvrq„Mj[(

Ǐdzvpqturo pv rMJ

ostrqt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostrqtġourqqo„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lrptsrsr w sMJ

S[ȉpprqspu qu pMJ „9H^trqspu pq rMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<pqqqppJ+pvrquoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<pospqrJ+prpxstSI[+L[H

99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.W;H[S[ @ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owqrtqJ+vrvpqtS

I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L< pqqqppJ+pvrquoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<pospqrJ+prpxstS

I[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<pqqqppJ+pvrquoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pospqrJ+

prpxstSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovoxqoJ+rsrotqtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owqrtqJ+vrvpqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L< pqqqppJ+pvrquoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<

ovoxqoJ+rsrotqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lotrspv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovsxto„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpooprw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqpssv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[oqrqoo„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Losstqs„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousqox

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UH„WŁ[owqoqu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxsxqs„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hppqpqo„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opovsp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orprqx„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď132


sP[JqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ro3\Vb9UQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qw@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUprX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTuX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHroX[z[L.W[QsP[Ȣqw @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxrqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<ossrosJ+qwqrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oppxqp

<oxottrJ+xpxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<orrpotJ+ttqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rquswrt x sMJ

J+tqruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotqpqxÄĄovoutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksupsto po qMJ

-X[ÄĄossuqtÄĄourpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtwoxÄĄoxqsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqpwwrs u sMJ

pprsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrpoÄĄotpxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;pprqpt qu pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrxorÄĄpopvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvtpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrtq(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<posqqoJ+prqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorsutu qx (

otturoJ+pqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Q[J[L<ossrosJ+qwqrtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]srvtx po pMJ

OS]j[L\Oj[L<otqvooJ+oprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<oqqsqw

QĂžTuvprru pt pMJ

-X[ÄĄovtxrqÄĄporvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptsoÄĄoropoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvpqtxrv pv rMJ

-X[ÄĄoroxtxÄĄortrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpototrÄĄ

U\Lrpttprq w sMJ

ovtxrqÄĄowtqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtwoxÄĄowspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^trqpt pq rMJ

ppturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxprsrÄĄporsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<posqprJ+prqptoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ossrpwJ+qwqsrqtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;

H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxotssJ+xpxqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžS

JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otqutqJ+oprqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ossrpwJ+ qwqsrqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posqprJ+prqptoSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxotssJ+xpxqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<posqprJ+prqptoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ossrpw J+qwqsrqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxotssJ+xpxqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ossrpwJ+qwqsrqtSI[+L[H

9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<otqutqJ+oprqvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posqprJ+prqptoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ossrpwJ+qwqsrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxotssJ+xpxqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotroqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosspqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourwpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxstqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oporstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?133


tP[JqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qx@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUpsX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTvX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpT[+OL.W[QtP[Ȣqx@Q[\J1T.1j[T pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqoopO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqosJ+qqroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqqsu

\Oj[L<ovrxptJ+tsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOS[\H<ppqwtsJ+stpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sppurt po sMJ

potossÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvptÄĄopsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqvooÄĄ

O^Kswrtu po rMJ

ourpprÄĄovpsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtptÄĄorprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpxos u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourpprÄĄovtqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortwttÄĄotqoop

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrqr(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<oxousqJ+xqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostqow ro (

oqqqosJ+qqroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oppssuJ+sxsosvt

Â&#x201E;OT]sstrw po qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstorÄĄopptrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsotxÄĄ

QĂžTuvtprq pt pMJ

ortrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupsrtÄĄovovpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłvprqts pv rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotqptwÄĄovoorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostqrsÄĄourppr

U\Lrpttxpx w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprpvtt qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^trpvtt pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxourtJ+xqprqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ovrxovJ+tspsoSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxourtJ+xqprqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpx qpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrxovJ+tspsoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxourtJ+xqprqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqpxJ+qqrotqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovrxovJ+tspsoSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqpxJ+qqrotqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxourtJ+xqprqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqpxJ+

qqrotqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovrxovJ+

tspsoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqoutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosrvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourspv Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppprqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqtxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orotrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

uP[JqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ro@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUptX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTwX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqT[+OL.W[QuP[Ȣp @Q[\J1T.1j[Tpwp\X@S]

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?134


„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqoroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ \Oj[L<pqpprpJ+pvqso„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrrop

\Oj[L<ouqttuJ+qrvro„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H;S„R[;\Wĭ„Wń[<owsrosJ+rwqprqt„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

„@[T[9sqtpxu pp sMJ

oxqrtu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLotqqqvġoupstx„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Ksxtrr po rMJ

pqpvpsġorporq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosstrqġotrwot„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qpxtqps u sMJ

ppturq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppturqġoprtos„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqtq(

H`H]j[LíÊM_O­N[ǵL]\Oj[L<ovsootJ+tsst„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSN[ǵL]

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottpou rp (

pqpprpJ+pvqso„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<pppospJ+ssrort„Mj[

„OT]strpx po qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoupstxġoxstpo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovtvpvġ

QþTuwqxru pt pMJ

opptqpġoqovts„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovprtvġovtvpv„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzvpruqr pv rMJ

9^\T9S[\Horporqġortrtp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwopġ

U\Lrpuvt w sMJ

oppuswġoqrwoq„Mj[(

S[ȉpprpsss qt sMJ „9H^trpsss pq qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L 1ǚS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<ovrxtwJ+tsrsvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H„Wń[<owsqtwJ+rwqppvtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<ouqupoJ+qrwtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J

ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń 99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ „Wń[<owsqtwJ+rwqppvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ovrxtwJ+

tsrsvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ouqupoJ+qrwtSI[+L[Hprtuw

popqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ovrxtwJ+tsrsvtSI[+L[H P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<pqppqrJ+pvqqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ouqupoJ+qrwtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<popsqrJ+pqwrvtSI[+L[HǏdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L -9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovrxtwJ+tsrsvtSI[+L[H\ÊM^ƃSbJ[V\Oj[L<pqppqrJ+pvqqoS I[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqupoJ+qrwtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqppqrJ+ pvqqoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<popsqrJ+pqwrvtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovrxtwJ+tsrsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L< pqppqrJ+pvqqoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouqupoJ+qrwtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V 8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

popsqrJ+pqwrvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lotqqro„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovrwop„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxsxto„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqoroo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[oqqopr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Losrrru„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Louroqp „Mj[(9^ŦS[\UH„WŁ[owowrx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxrvrw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hppoxrq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqtttr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oropsp„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď135


vP[JqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSwP[J>[ŃrMijL[PQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]rp@^T[/vxvO[+T[bJUpuX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTxX[7Lvpx…QcHrT[+OL.W[QvP[Ȣq @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqotxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<poptooJ+pqpopo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossttu

<ouqusuJ+qrxrt„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[\Oj[L<otrppxJ+opxsvt

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

S[\H<oxqrrqJ+sopro„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<owrvosJ+wspo

„@[T[9txqqtv pq sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqqtuġovovtq„Mj[-X[ġporvsuġopptpp

O^Ksppsqw po sMJ

„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLortqruġotrvrr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ƕ¾qqostr v pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorprptġostprw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoppxġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqqo(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<owrvosJ+wspo„Mj[I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]\Oj[L

rp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lousqqt p (

„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SG;S\Oj[L<poptooJ+pqpopo„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

„OT]supq po qMJ

„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;W[K½Q[J[L<ouporsJ+rptxt„Mj[I[+L[HǶP

QþTuxvst pt pMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovprqtġoxqrrv„Mj[-X[ġpprrsxġoqqvqs

Ǐdzvprpoq pv rMJ

orooowġortqru„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopssooġoqqvqs„Mj[(

U\Lrpupssx w sMJ

owrxsq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hporsowġppttrp„Mj[(

S[ȉpprpprr qt sMJ „9H^trpprr pq qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ouqurxJ+qrxpvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<otrpppJ+opxqvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½ OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9

„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ouqurxJ+qrxpvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LíÊH\Oj[L<otrpppJ+opxqvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ouqurxJ+qrxpvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL  <SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<popstqJ+pqxtoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otrpppJ+

opxqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< owrvqoJ+wstoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ

\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqurxJ+qrxpvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<popstqJ+pqxtoS I[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrvqoJ+wstoSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJ

LíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqurx

J+qrxpvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<popstqJ+pqxtoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<otrpppJ+opxqvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owrvqoJ+wstoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovrsou„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxstts„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpptxos„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

„OL^9[oqpupv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Losqxsp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Louquqv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UH„WŁ[owossr„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxrrsq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hppotru„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpqtptv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtvsu„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpsrw„Mj[( Q[\S204

M[\ď136


wP[JqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;sMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]p.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUpvX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTpoX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHsT[+OL.W[QwP[Ȣr@Q[\J1WW[\L pwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];bLU>H^I­]\W\Ä­\OL[bj9M_@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<owrvrsJ+wtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ottvqs

otrpswJ+oqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<ostwspJ+twtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovtvpsJ+ruqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovqrorJ+stvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqrptqo pr sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowooruÄĄporvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptooÄĄoqtxsw

O^Ksprrpv pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqrpvÄĄpprrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssovÄĄorppos

ǜžqqprwqx v pMJ

opoorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoprxÄĄowrxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpsv(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<ovqrorJ+stvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<

p O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqust q (

I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owrvrsJ+wtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]sutwsu po rMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortsruJ+qupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž

QĂžTuxsup pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqpqÄĄotrvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqxqsÄĄovpqtr

Ç?Çłvprprtq pv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopptooÄĄoqovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvppÄĄ

U\Lrpuqqrp w sMJ

oprsrxÄĄorpqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtottÄĄoxpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pprwqq qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^trwqq pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<otrpsoJ+oqosoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovtvovJ+ruqspvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ? OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

ostwrrJ+twtusoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\L

O[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`V S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovtvovJ+ruqspvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrpsoJ+oqosoSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ostwrrJ+twtusoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrvswJ+wtuoS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqrpvJ+stwroSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrpsoJ+ oqosoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

owrvswJ+wtuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

ostwrrJ+twtusoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovqrpvJ+stwroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppttowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppopsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqswopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?137


xP[JqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;tMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]q.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUpwX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTppX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHtT[+OL.W[QxP[Ȣs@Q[\J1WW[\L pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqptwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovqrroJ+stxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovotpv r 

ostxpoJ+twtwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ostqpxJ+twrxtt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<outuoxJ+rrtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ourtrw

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uutsw pt pMJ

qpqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotqrtrÄĄovowrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksptpxtx pp pMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpqpxÄĄoxqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsspsÄĄotqptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqqrqrp v pMJ

potoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppropoÄĄpqqqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;pprtpp qt sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsoouÄĄpopwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrwsoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourppr(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<ourtrwJ+qtwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howottp r (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovqrroJ+stxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]svturr po rMJ

J+qtwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optwosJ+

QĂžTupoqsqr pt qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxstrpÄĄppropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortpsvÄĄotruquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvprpvtr pv rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqovowÄĄortpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqqtvÄĄ

U\Lrpuropp w sMJ

potoorÄĄpprrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptupxÄĄoprsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^trtpp pq qMJ

osoopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ostqpqJ+twrxrvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ostqpqJ+twrxrvtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqrqsJ+stwsvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ostqpqJ+

twrxrvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ourttqJ+qtwsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ostqpqJ+twrxrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourttqJ+qtwsvt SI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqrqsJ+stwsvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ourttqJ+qtwsvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovqrqsJ+stwsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ostqpqJ+twrxrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ourttqJ+qtwsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqowqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqssouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otousuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?138


poP[JqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSppP[J>[ŃuMijL[PQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]r.;ƆvxvO[+T[bJUpxX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTpqX[7Lvpx…QcHuT[+OL.W[QpoP[Ȣt @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]Ø]Ø]OTbJOJ[1S@bʼn[¢WO „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ \Oj[L<ourtstJ+qtwro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovotpv r 

ostqquJ+twsopqt„Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[\Oj[L<otpsqsJ+txrrtt

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

;SQ[J[L<ouqroxJ+rqqv„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oupvsuJ+

„@[T[9uqopvsx pu pMJ

I[+L[H/Ń-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoosrġorpprtQbXŃbR[;\JL

O^Kspvwrx pp qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstrvġporvtq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqqruġ

Ƕ¾qqrqvw v qMJ

ostoowġouqwov„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppttpvġoppvos„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourorw(

WŌQ]\Oj[L<oupvsuJ+qpqqo„Mj[I[+L[H-ƆQ]LíÊlj[H]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howottp r (

„Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<ourtstJ+qtwro„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]swtsqp po rMJ

qpqqo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;ÓƬ\Oj[L<pqqrtqJ+pvqwsvt„Mj[

QþTuppqtp pt qMJ

otqsqpġovowtq„Mj[-X[ġporvtqġoppsrv„Mj[(

Ǐdzvprqqs pv sMJ

pooupr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpqpoġostoow„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrpurvto w sMJ S[ȉpprqo qt sMJ „9H^trqo pq qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<otpsrvJ+txrsqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L<otpsrvJ+txrsqvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<otpsrvJ+txrsqvtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopq

pspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ourttxJ+qtxtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<otpsrvJ+txrsqvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oupvtxJ+qpqtqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ „L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourttxJ+qtxtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otpsrvJ+txrsqvtS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupvtxJ+qpqtqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourttxJ+qtxt SI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupvtxJ+qpqtqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

ourttxJ+qtxtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otpsrv J+txrsqvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oupvtxJ+qpqtqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovqqpw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxrsou„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lppsvpu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

„OL^9[oqosqx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lospvtr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loupsrx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovtqtt„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxqpts„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpotrsw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpqsoox„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsttv„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqtp„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď139


ppP[JqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;vMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUqoX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTprX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHvT[+OL.W[QppP[Ȣu @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]T\TH[WĹ&#x152;Q] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oupvtpJ+qpqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowoxpw s 

otpsroJ+txrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ouovorJ+pssqqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ouqoqqJ+rqpwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ourppoJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vrqtsu pv pMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqstoÄĄovoxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowopqp

O^Kspwtvt pp qMJ

ouqvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtstoÄĄoxqqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpptoÄĄ

ǜžqqsqqpx v qMJ

orttrqÄĄotqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowopqpÄĄowtrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppqtwto qt sMJ

popwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopwpwÄĄpptuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourooq(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ourppoJ+qsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howsprw s (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oupvtpJ+qpqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sxtqpp po rMJ

qsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ppprosJ+psrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuppspqt pt qMJ

ÄĄporvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsqsÄĄoqtwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrotÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprququ pv sMJ

orttrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposxrwÄĄpprrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lrpustqu x pMJ

9^\T9S[\HovtstoÄĄowrwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsoqxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tqtwto pq qMJ

oxpppxÄĄporrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ouovpwJ+pstSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouovpwJ+pstSI[+L[Hpq suwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oupvstJ+qpqpvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L <ouovpwJ+pstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ourposJ+qssqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupvstJ+qpqpvtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupvstJ+qpqpvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;Ig Q[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ourposJ+qssqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupvstJ+qpqpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouovpwJ+pstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourposJ+

qssqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?140


pqP[JqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;wMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]t.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUqpX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTpsX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHwT[+OL.W[QpqP[Ȣv @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[Ć&#x2020;Q]Ă&#x2DC;]Q\HS[K[S[L]S@SQ\JL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ourorsJ+qsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxpoqp t 

ououswJ+psrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<ovqxtwJ+tporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<ousxpvJ+rrqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovptpqJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpupwt pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstsvÄĄoppspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ksqostps pp rMJ

oqqwpwÄĄortttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupvqsÄĄovoxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqtpwq v qMJ

orppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqtpwÄĄovoqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxos

S[Č&#x2030;ppqttrx qt sMJ

ÄĄotqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxqs(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ovptpqJ+srrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpttu t (

I[+L[HQ_T[9SGOO\Oj[L<ourorsJ+qsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L

Â&#x201E;OT]spotor po sMJ

srrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<poqvotJ+pqrsqvt

QĂžTupqqot pt qMJ

owrwotÄĄposxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputwÄĄopssrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprrotw pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HouqustÄĄovporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprrsqÄĄ

U\Lrputro x pMJ

ÄĄouqustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqustÄĄovswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoppx

Â&#x201E;9H^tqttrx pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ououspJ+psrqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovqxtpJ+tpopqtSI[+L[HKL^

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovqxtpJ+tpopqtSI[+L[H\QI^L 99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspu

pwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ououspJ+psrqvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<ovqxtpJ+tpopqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ououspJ+psrqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ourosxJ+qsrsvtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovptouJ+srrqoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ououspJ+psrqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourosx J+qsrsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovptouJ+srrqoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovqxtpJ+

tpopqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouousvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovstosÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/oststxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?141


prP[JqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;xMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUqqX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTptX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHxT[+OL.W[QprP[Ȣw @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrtrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovpsrtJ+srqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpooxru u 

<ovqxqqJ+txÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<oxqoruJ+xstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovsvssJ+rttsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owqwoqJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqwttsu pw sMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoupvsvÄĄoxsttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovtrst

O^Ksqqrrr pp rMJ

opprtuÄĄoqottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoxtsÄĄovtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqqupspu v qMJ

9^\T9S[\HorpqpxÄĄortupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwqqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppqtqqw qt sMJ

oppvpqÄĄoqrxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwsu(

JUQ]\Oj[L<owqwoqJ+vrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtopx u (

I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovpsrtJ+srqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sppsvtv po sMJ

vrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<poostqJ+pprvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupqtwtp pt qMJ

ÄĄoxqpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqtsuÄĄoupvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprrtso pv sMJ

pqputsÄĄorpqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossqooÄĄotrsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpvorq x pMJ

pptttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptttsÄĄoprrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tqtqqw pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovqxpsJ+twsoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxqoqxJ+xstrvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovqxpsJ+twsoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqxpsJ+twsoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oxqoqxJ+xstrvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpsqxJ+srpsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqxpsJ+twsoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqvttJ+vrspqtSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxqoqxJ+

xstrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpsqxJ+srpsvtSI[+L[H

9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqvttJ+vrspqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovpsqxJ+srpsvtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovqxpsJ+twsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owqvttJ+vrspqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqoqxJ+xstrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouoqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovspowÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?142


psP[JqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;poMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUqrX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTpuX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpoT[+OL.W[QpsP[Ȣx @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsqpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owqvorJ+vrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppowot v 

9SG;S\Oj[L<owqvorJ+vrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxprqx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotqupsÄĄovpoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wppqorr px sMJ

pprqtqÄĄoqqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsxroÄĄotrrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksqsqoqx pp sMJ

oqqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorporrÄĄossvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwov(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<oxpxrvJ+xsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoqupr v (

J+rxqwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<poosrvJ+pprttvt

Â&#x201E;OT]spqsttr po sMJ

porvtqÄĄopprspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoxpuÄĄoxqposÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTuprrvsr pt rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtvrsÄĄorsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssspÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprsorq pv sMJ

ovorrvÄĄowspooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporqqwÄĄpptstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqvppo v rMJ U\Lrpvwq x pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppqsxpv qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tqsxpv pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxpxqxJ+xsrvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oxpxqxJ+xsrvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<owqutvJ+vrpsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxpxqxJ+xsrvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poostqJ+pprtqvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<poostqJ+pprtqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqutvJ+vrpsvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poostqJ+pprtqvtSI[+L[H M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owqutvJ+vrpsvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poostqJ+pprtqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovoursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovrvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxouppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?143


ptP[JqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ppMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUqsX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTpvX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHppT[+OL.W[QptP[Ȣpo @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]M[cÇ&#x2C6;9­[JU]M\SO\H­L]59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqstoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<poorrxJ+pprqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqouqu w 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<poorrxJ+pprqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pqpxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLowoqpuÄĄporvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqrrstq qo sMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqsrtÄĄovowruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqorxÄĄpprqsq

O^Ksquvqw pp sMJ

oqotpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpusrÄĄopoossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqqwwps v rMJ

9[TS[\HovsvovÄĄoxoxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvqu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<pprqtuJ+ptptrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppostr w (

potxsvJ+srtqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<poqqqpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sprsrto pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄopprquÄĄoqtvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxooÄĄotrqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupspusp pt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssstÄĄorpqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopprquÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprstrt pv sMJ

ovortuÄĄowsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprqtqÄĄorpoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpvptro x pMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppqsuu qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tqsuu pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<pprqswJ+ptptpvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<potxspJ+srtqroSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ S[\H<potxsp

J+srtqroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp rsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pprqswJ+ptptpvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqo

qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pprqswJ+ptptpvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poortrJ+pprquoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pprqswJ+ptptpvt SI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poortrJ+pprquoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poortr J+pprquoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pprqswJ+ptptpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovoqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxoqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?144


puP[JqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pqMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUqtX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTpwX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpqT[+OL.W[QpuP[Ȣpp @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]O[QL@jÄź] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pptvtpJ+pupustÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oposrv x 

1ÄĄS[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoqosJ+qpqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGO[TO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

swswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<potrorJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xtsprw qp rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxsuoqÄĄppqxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswroÄĄotrqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqvtrtv pq pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqostuÄĄorswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqopsÄĄ

ǜžqqxttu v rMJ

poswqtÄĄpprqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttqxÄĄoprqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppqsqtu qt sMJ

osoqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqust(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqvox\Oj[LoxsuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppsvpw x (

\Oj[L<pptvtpJ+pupustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ootxorJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spsspto pp pMJ

prrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvoxÄĄovposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupsttst pt rMJ

O[bS[S[\HovovtuÄĄoxqopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsssxÄĄotqtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvprtosv pv sMJ

poswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxruÄĄpqqpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lrpvqqtt x pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsppxÄĄpopwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrxtuÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tqsqtu pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoqpwJ+qpqvtqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqoqpwJ+qpqvtqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pptvssJ+pupuqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoqpwJ+qpqvtqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pptvssJ+pupuqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoqpwJ+ qpqvtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pptvssJ+pupuqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<potqtvJ+ prrsroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

pptvssJ+pupuqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <oqoqpwJ+qpqvtqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqxqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?145


pvP[JqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSpwP[J>[ŃprMijL[PQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]po.;ƆvxvO[+T[bJUquX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTpxX[7Lvpx…QcHprT[+OL.W[QpvP[Ȣpq @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ „O\LSMS<oqooooJ+qpqouo„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oqoptr po 

K\LƊ[9SG…H\HT„O\LSMS<oqooooJ+qpqouo„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+pturt„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;S[\Hopoospġorprps

„@[T[9xpvssx qq rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuotġporvsv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpxsvġ

O^Ksqxrxts pq pMJ

ossuowġouqros„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptsqtġoppvpt„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louquor(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊØOG[Q[J[L<osrwssJ+qvtvto„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqrrtv po (

<oropttJ+trtsso„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;„U[PL\Oj[L<pprops

„OT]sptrxtp pp pMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotqvruġovppoo„Mj[-X[ġporvsvġoppqtr

QþTuptrstt pt rMJ

poortw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroxpqġossuow„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ǐdzvprtupo pv sMJ Ƕ¾rost v sMJ

U\Lrpvropw x pMJ

S[ȉppqrxst qt sMJ „9H^tqrxst pq qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[Q[J[L<osrwtxJ+qvtwqvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<

osrwtxJ+qvtwqvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <S W[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<optxtqJ+qpqosoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osrwtxJ+qvtwqvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/„O\LSMS<optxtqJ+qpqosoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pproouJ+ptuptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„O\LSMS<optxtqJ+qpqosoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L< osrwtxJ+qvtwqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loutssv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxourt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpppxst„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH „OL^9[oprutw„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[ortoqp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotsvow„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovqtqs

„Mj[(Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owtsqq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpoqupv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpqpqrx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpwqu„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtpx„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď146


pwP[JqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;psMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pp.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUqvX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqoX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpsT[+OL.W[QpwP[Ȣpr @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqupsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osopoqJ+quqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtutu pp 

UH\PV[9SGO\G@Q[J[L<osopoqJ+quqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+purvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotqworÄĄovpppv

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqxsttu qr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrxorÄĄouqqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtosxÄĄoxpxqo

O^Ktpqtpr pq qMJ

pprqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvsqÄĄotqupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžrpqso v sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowsprvÄĄpopwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopwqrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtpx(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L<ovpqttJ+rsqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqsru pp (

<ostwrxJ+twstqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<pqovoq

Â&#x201E;OT]spurvtt pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoqtsÄĄporvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppqruÄĄoqttsx

QĂžTupupspp pt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorprquÄĄortvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposvtqÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpspsq pv sMJ

owoqtsÄĄowtsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtosxÄĄowrtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpvrvrw x pMJ

ppttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxowpuÄĄporppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppqrurs qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tqrurs pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pqoutuJ+purvpqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovproxJ+rsqqstSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqoutuJ+

purvpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovproxJ+rsqqstSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspu pvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osoottJ+quqqpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovproxJ+rsqqstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<osoottJ+quqqpoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<pqoutuJ+

purvpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L< osoottJ+quqqpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqpqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqowsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?147


pxP[JqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ptMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUqwX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqpX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHptT[+OL.W[QpxP[Ȣps @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]QÄ°[;OH@jÄź] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<ottottJ+rotuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorswqo pq 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ostvpwJ+twspuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ottott

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<pqrurxJ+pvtoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popptors qs qMJ

posvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpupuÄĄopsstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqxpwÄĄ

O^Ktrxtq pq qMJ

ouqproÄĄovottoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprprvÄĄorowptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqpsp v sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqproÄĄovssrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosorrqÄĄotqusp

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsrt(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[S[\H<oxrtrsJ+sopvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqpwps pq (

J+rotuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ourxtsJ+qtvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]spvrup pp qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsupoÄĄoppqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrsrqÄĄ

QĂžTuputrrq pt sMJ

ortwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqooqÄĄovpprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłvpsvqr pv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotqwroÄĄovotovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossstqÄĄouqpro

U\Lrpvsstu x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppqrrqr qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tqrrqr pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9S[\H<oxrtswJ+sopwptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ottpppJ+rotusqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxrtsw J+sopwptSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxrtswJ+sopwptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<

ottpppJ+rotusqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqrurpJ+pvtoqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottpppJ+rotusqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<oxrtswJ+sopwptS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovpvrq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqossuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?148


qoP[JqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;puMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pr.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUqxX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqqX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpuT[+OL.W[QqoP[Ȣpt @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]MjT[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;X\QT \MH`MĂ­  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvoxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovqpsrJ+rssptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrtou pr 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ourwtrJ+qtstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

upqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<pqtqrtJ+pwqxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqspqt qt qMJ

ÄĄoxpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqwtuÄĄouqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktstrsw pq rMJ

pqpuowÄĄorprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrvsvÄĄotqxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrrpv v sMJ

pptssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptssxÄĄoprppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrto(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJS[\H<pprwsvJ+stqsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orprqp pr (

Q[J[L<ovqpsrJ+rssptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovtwqwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spwrsw pp qMJ

I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLouqoqrÄĄoxsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsxrr

QĂžTupvrqtx pt sMJ

oppptxÄĄoqorquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovotovÄĄovsxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpsprpt pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HorprtpÄĄortwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwqpÄĄ

U\Lrpvtqpp x pMJ

oppvprÄĄoqsorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppqropq qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tqropq pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovqptxJ+rssqrvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS

JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[S[\H<pprwsoJ+stqsqoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X

9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourwsuJ+qtsrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovqptxJ+rssqrvtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pprwsoJ+stqsqoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovqptxJ+rssqrvtSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pprwsoJ+stqsqoSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovqptxJ+rssqrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VS[\H<pprwsoJ+stqsqo SI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovqptxJ+rssqrvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourwsuJ+qtsrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovqptxJ+rssqrvtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H< pprwsoJ+stqsqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppovtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovprrt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqootpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?149


qpP[JqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pvMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUroX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqrX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpvT[+OL.W[QqpP[Ȣpu @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqutxJ+rvqruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotputv ps 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovtvqwJ+upopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<pqsxqsJ+pwqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppuqprw qu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovosqrÄĄoxpvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprpqwÄĄoqqxrq

O^Kturutt pq rMJ

ÄĄorstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstopÄĄoqqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžrsotu w pMJ

9[TS[\HporopuÄĄpptrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqros(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oppuorJ+sxqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osowqw ps (

owqutxJ+rvqruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owswtvJ+wpvto

Â&#x201E;OT]spxrqpw pp qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqxqrÄĄovpqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvrtÄĄopppso

QĂžTupwpqrq pt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorstsuÄĄotqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtsqs

Ç?Çłvpspxpu pv sMJ

orovptÄĄossrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovotsqÄĄowsqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpvtxqr x pMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppqqvq qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tqqvq pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oppttvJ+sxqtqoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtvsqJ+uposvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oppttvJ+

sxqtqoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppttvJ+sxqtqoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqvprJ+rvqsrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqvprJ+rvqsrtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovtvsqJ+

uposvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqvprJ+rvqsrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oppttvJ+sxqtqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpposopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovoxso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoporsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?150


qqP[JqosQ[\S„T/M[9M[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSqrP[J>[ŃpwMijL[PQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pt.;ƆvxvO[+T[bJUrpX[7LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqsX[7Lvpx…QcHpwT[+OL.W[QqqP[Ȣpv @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqworO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<oxoqsqJ+rwtqpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottspw pt 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owswsoJ+wpvvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆS[\H<oxoqsq

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

O[TO„R[;;Ě\Oj[L<pqqssoJ+pvpvvt„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;

„@[T[9pppwtrsx qv pMJ

-X[ġorstppġotqvst„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpxoqġovorrw„Mj[

O^Ktwpxpo pq sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopppqpġoqoqrw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqpttoġ

Ƕ¾rtpx w pMJ

oprortġorouss„Mj[(9[TS[\Hovsqsoġoxoupv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqpv(

>H^I­]LíÊ„SOH]\Oj[L<oqqspoJ+tqpssvt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otoqrx pt (

J+rwtqpqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxoxpoJ+xvpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]sqororo pp rMJ

\JLoworsoġporvro„Mj[-X[ġopppqpġoqtrtt„Mj[

QþTupwtqpo pt sMJ

-X[ġoxpvquġpprpps„Mj[-X[ġopstorġorpspt„Mj[(

Ǐdzvpsqtqu pv sMJ

opooqv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovottwġowsqov„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lrpwurr x pMJ

S[ȉppqqrtp qt sMJ „9H^tqqrtp pq qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<oqqsqtJ+tqptqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owswrqJ+wpusvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqqsqtJ+tqptqtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oqqsqtJ+ tqptqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

oqqsqtJ+tqptqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H <oxoqtuJ+rwtqsvtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owswrqJ+wpusvtS

I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxoqtuJ+rwtqsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqqsqtJ+tqptqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lourtow„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowsutu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lppooou„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH „OL^9[oppvpw„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orrosq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotqvqw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovotss

„Mj[(Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owrssr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpoourw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpptqtx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optwsv„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osptrx„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď151


qrP[JqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pxMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUpP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTqtX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpxT[+OL.W[QqrP[Ȣpw @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxovqvJ+rxrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louqwoq pu 

\Oj[L<oxowtsJ+xurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxovqvJ+rxr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O`\Ä­\Oj[L<pprtqtJ+ptpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotropt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opsop p pMJ

otqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoqtqÄĄoxputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstosÄĄ

O^Ktpooqx pr pMJ

oxputuÄĄposupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwrvÄĄpqpxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrupss w pMJ

oproprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsqpsÄĄpopwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpro(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<oroqorJ+trswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otttrt pu (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owtwqvJ+wrxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;OT]sqpqwss pp rMJ

ÄĄovpqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsupsÄĄppqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssruÄĄ

QĂžTupxrpts pt sMJ

otqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoqprÄĄorssruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłvpsrpst pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HposupxÄĄpprpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptsprÄĄ

U\Lrpwprso x pMJ

oqsottÄĄosossqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppqqoso qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tqqoso pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oroptuJ+trswvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oroptu J+trswvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oroptuJ+trswvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxovsqJ+rxrrvtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxoxowJ+xvpqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxovsqJ+rxrrvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oroptuJ+trswvtS I[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovopsw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpooqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppsxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?152


qsP[JqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qoMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUqP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTquX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqoT[+OL.W[QqsP[Ȣpx @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwtuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspruJ+rvtvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loutxpp pv 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owtwpoJ+wrwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspru

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<poqpsoJ+pqvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opssprq q pMJ

orpsrvQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrospÄĄovpqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvqpÄĄ

O^Ktppsosw pr pMJ

oxpuquÄĄpooppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorotsoÄĄossproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrvqsq w qMJ

oppvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqosp(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<orpooqJ+tsvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousvrr pw (

J+rvtvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owpvqxJ+uttttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqqquuo pp rMJ

owssovJ+wqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoopwÄĄ

QĂžTuqoppss pu pMJ

opposoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsupsÄĄporvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłvpsrwps pv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLossproÄĄoupvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrowÄĄ

U\Lrpwqoss x pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppqpvqx qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tqpvqx pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oroxtuJ+tsvqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oroxtuJ+tsvqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oroxtuJ+tsvqt

SI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oroxtuJ+tsvqtS I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspqwJ+rvtutvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owtwqrJ+wrxptSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspqwJ+rvtutvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oroxtuJ+tsvqtSI[+L[H \JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotpxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Loutvtq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?153


qtP[JqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qpMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pw.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUrP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTqvX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqpT[+OL.W[QqtP[Ȣqo @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovsutuJ+rtrxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqwtq pw 

J+trpvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG;S\Oj[L<owpvtsJ+ututvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovoxroJ+sttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<owssppJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqvtwto r pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrpovÄĄovprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowosppÄĄporvpt

O^Ktprqoo pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsuppÄĄoxpttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpsswÄĄortxso

ǜžrwruo w qMJ

otqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowosppÄĄowttprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;ppqpspw qt sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopwovÄĄpptrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxosspÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxtq(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<oqtopx

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovrxpq px (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovsutuJ+rtrxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]sqrqtpw pp sMJ

wqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<oussspJ+rrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

QĂžTuqotprx pu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppopxÄĄoqtqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrsqtÄĄoupuqw

Ç?Çłvpssstq pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpostrwÄĄpproqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortxsoÄĄ

U\Lrpwqvst x pMJ

ovsuppÄĄowrporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqqvÄĄpopwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^tqpspw pq qMJ

poqwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovsusxJ+rtrxptSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oqtopqJ+trpvsqtSI[+L[HO`V

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovsusxJ+

rtrxptSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqtopqJ+trpvsqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovsusxJ+

rtrxptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqtopqJ+trpvsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L< ovsusxJ+rtrxptSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owpvswJ+utusqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovsusxJ+rtrxptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqtopqJ+trpvsqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opotrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Loutrtu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osortqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?154


quP[JqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSqvP[J>[ŃqqMijL[PQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]px.;ƆvxvO[+T[bJUsP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTqwX[7Lvpx…QcHqqT[+OL.W[QquP[Ȣqp @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxsxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ Q[J[L<ouqussJ+rqpxqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovtwps px 

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<ovoxtvJ+svt„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouqussJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„9gTO„R[;XV­G\Oj[L<oustouJ+rstvt„Mj[I[+L[HOÅ\Oj[L<

„@[T[9ppprprv s pMJ

opoxtw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howroquġpostpv„Mj[-X[ġpqptpoġ

O^Ktpstwq pr qMJ

ouqqqxġovprqt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Houptrtġovoorq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rxtrw w qMJ

ovovor„Mj[-X[ġossootġouptrt„Mj[(9[TS[\Houptrtġ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxoq(

-ƆQ]LíÊ„S[\XG]\Oj[L<oqouqvJ+tpqvpt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrprq qo (

rqpxqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otrvsvJ+optrt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]sqsqrrw pp sMJ

osqtsvJ+tvptrt„Mj[I[+L[H\W\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsuprġ

QþTuqprpso pu pMJ

opstos„Mj[-X[ġoqroopġortxtt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzvpstprx pv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqxosġorosrs„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrprrġ

U\Lrpwrssr x pMJ

ovrxtq„Mj[-X[ġosotrqġotqxsx„Mj[(

S[ȉppqppw qt sMJ „9H^tqppw pq qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<oqouqpJ+tpquuoSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousstxJ+rssoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oqouqpJ+ tpquuoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L< oqouqpJ+tpquuoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouquruJ+

rqpwsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouquruJ+rqpwsqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ousstxJ+rssoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouquruJ+rqpwsqtSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqouqpJ+tpquuoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loupxqr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowrppq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpossqp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

„OL^9[opoprt„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orpstw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotppsr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Loutooo„Mj[( Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owpwtx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxtott„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpprvpu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsros„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxtu„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď155


qvP[JqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qrMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qo.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUtP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTqxX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqrT[+OL.W[QqvP[Ȣqq @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotroptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<osssrsJ+qwqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqwrp qo 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otrwpqJ+opurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ttrssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<osqurrJ+tvpvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqtpwsp t pMJ

\JLouqqsxÄĄoxsuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsssuÄĄoxpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktpurssw pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutxssÄĄovsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpstxÄĄorptox

ǜžrpovrv w rMJ

osooppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvtxÄĄpptrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwpp(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<opoqotJ+swstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqtrs qp (

osssrsJ+qwqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orsttrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sqtqqo pp sMJ

I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<optospJ+tosusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTuqqppsu pu pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrptwÄĄouqqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxruÄĄoqooqv

Ç?Çłvpstwrs pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrrooÄĄotqrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorptoxÄĄ

U\Lrpwsprv x pMJ

pptrqoÄĄopqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopputtÄĄoqspqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppqvtv qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tqvtv pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<osssqvJ+qwqptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<opoptwJ+swstSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­

Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrwquJ+opvpqtS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Q[J[L<osssqvJ+qwqptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opoptwJ+swstSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opoptwJ+swstS

I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<osssqvJ+qwqptS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<otrwquJ+opvpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osssqvJ+qwqptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<opoptwJ+swstSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouptqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?156


qwP[JqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qsMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUuP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTroX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqsT[+OL.W[QqwP[Ȣqr @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrospO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssqqJ+qrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxopou qp 

;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssqqJ+qrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oprwtqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotrqqrÄĄovprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qxpwx u pMJ

ppqxqwÄĄoqqxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsprpÄĄotqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktpwpopr pr rMJ

oqqxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLororquÄĄosrwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvqo(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[S[\H<ppsptpJ+stqssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqqqq qq (

topupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HS[\H<ppoqrwJ+srsuso

Â&#x201E;OT]squqoqt pp sMJ

porutvÄĄopoxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutwtrÄĄoxpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTuqqtptv pu pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtostÄĄorsprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsssuÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpttrw pv sMJ

ovovrsÄĄowsqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqvqwÄĄpptqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrppxtt w rMJ

U\Lrpwswqx x pMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppqssu qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tqssu pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9S[\H<ppspssJ+stqsqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssrvJ+qrprvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppspssJ+

stqsqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppspssJ+stqsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<ppspssJ+stqsqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssrvJ+

qrprvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqssrvJ+qrprvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H< ppspssJ+stqsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoupprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH \Oj[LpqtrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lousqox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owppowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?157


qxP[JqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qtMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUvP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTrpX[7LvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqtT[+OL.W[QqxP[Ȣqs @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<pqrprvJ+pvqwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrvrp qq 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqrprvJ+pvqwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppqporJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLowossxÄĄporutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowtpÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqrqvqw v qMJ

outwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprrwÄĄppqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssstÄĄ

O^Ktpxsspo pr rMJ

pqpsqrÄĄpqtxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovovsxÄĄowsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpqpqrp w rMJ

oxoqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuqw(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^S[\H<popoowJ+sprsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqqrw qr (

ssrpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotprJ+ruqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sqvpwtq pq pMJ

oqtopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsotqÄĄotqqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupqtrÄĄ

QĂžTuqrrqps pu qMJ

orptowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopowtpÄĄoptxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłvptpqtp pv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqvtpÄĄoroqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrvruÄĄ

U\Lrpwttpv x pMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppqprt qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tqprt pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotquJ+ruqqrvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[S[\H<popoopJ+sprstSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqrpqxJ+pvqvstS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotquJ+ruqqrvtSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

popoopJ+sprstSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<popoopJ+sprstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poowtuJ+ppropvtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqrpqxJ+pvqvstSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poowtu J+ppropvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqrpqxJ+pvqvstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<popoopJ+sprstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poowtuJ+ppropvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouovruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ororppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owovpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?158


roP[JqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;quMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qr.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUwP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTpP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHquT[+OL.W[QroP[Ȣqt @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]/\Ĺ S[59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrprrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pooxtoJ+pprqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopxrt qr 

otrrps\Oj[LovsrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrptr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pprqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtussJ+rwqxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rvsrrv w qMJ

otoqopJ+qwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrpsÄĄovpsqs

O^Ktqppurr pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvpsÄĄoxprosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssssÄĄotrpov

ǜžrprptqu w rMJ

posrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvpwÄĄpqpvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;ppptwqs qt sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsqttÄĄpopvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqspqoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louptrt(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<ovsrpxJ+tqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqupr qs (

J+rvqvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pooxtoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sqwpvqp pq pMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovsrpxJ+tqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Q[J[L<

QĂžTuqspqru pu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsuowÄĄppqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoprÄĄotqpqq

Ç?Çłvptqopr pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxorÄĄorsoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxprosÄĄ

U\Lrpxqq x pMJ

posrrvÄĄppqwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqruÄĄopqvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^tptwqs pq qMJ

osouprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpsvJ+rvqvqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<popoorJ+pprrtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpsvJ+rvqvqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpsvJ+rvqvqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<popoorJ+pprrt SI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<popoorJ+pprrtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ovsrpoJ+tqstoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<popoorJ+pprrtS

I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpsvJ+rvqvqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovsrpoJ+tqstoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouorsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [oworpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?159


rpP[JqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qs.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUxP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTqP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqvT[+OL.W[QrpP[Ȣqu @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]\OÇ&#x2C6;9Q­[M^@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrptwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovssqvJ+tqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppowtx qs 

otpwpuJ+txqprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ourotxJ+rqqsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqqrpq x qMJ

<optusoJ+qotwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxqoÄĄ

O^Ktqqsvpt pr sMJ

opowosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuouÄĄporuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžrpspwrw w sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosruqpÄĄouppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptppvÄĄoppuqp

O^SH/Q[J[Loupssp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrrrx\Oj[LovssqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprpso qt (

outptrJ+rrpurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovssqv

Â&#x201E;OT]sqxpttq pq pMJ

O\G@\Oj[L<otpwpuJ+txqprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\UOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS

QĂžTuqstrs pu qMJ

orptquQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrrrxÄĄovpsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuruÄĄ

Ç?Çłvptqvsr pv sMJ

oxpqroÄĄoxtvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropspÄĄosruqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpxwss x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppttps qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpttps pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<outpsuJ+rrpuqoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<otpwpoJ+txqppvtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;

H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovsspwJ+tqvsoS

I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[\Oj[L<otpwpoJ+txqppvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž9

9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L <outpsuJ+rrpuqoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<outpsuJ+

rrpuqoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovsspwJ+

tqvsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsspwJ+tqvsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <otpwpoJ+txqppvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovsspwJ+tqvsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<otpwpoJ+txqppvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqttpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?160


p.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qt.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUpoP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTrP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqxT[+OL.W[Qp.\XȤqv

@Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpP[JqosQ[\S vxvwqs W[9TbWL J+stpwrvt <qrrxSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<otpxqsJ+txqsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqousq qt 

Q[J[L<otptotJ+qxprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<oqtwrxJ+trrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9suqqsq po qMJ

tswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotrsorÄĄouqsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktqspux ps pMJ

-X[ÄĄosqxpvÄĄoupootÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttrrÄĄoxtvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrptqqw w sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowotpuÄĄowttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovspooÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppptqr qt sMJ

popvrsÄĄpptqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoorrÄĄpoqtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprsv(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<oqtwrxJ+trrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqruor qu (

otpxqsJ+txqsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<osowovJ+ququpo

Â&#x201E;OT]topsqt pq qMJ

\WÄ­\Oj[L<potqsuJ+prpvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<ovtrroJ+

QĂžTuqtrrrv pu qMJ

-X[ÄĄovpstqÄĄoxsuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvpuÄĄorrwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvptrtqp pv sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqprstÄĄorptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoporÄĄotrptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpxptqq x pMJ

owquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsrosÄĄpopvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tptqr pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<otpstxJ+qxprqoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potrooJ+prpwqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otpstxJ+qxprqoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otpstxJ+qxprqoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L I[bL/\Oj[L<oqtwrqJ+trrppqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<potrooJ+prpwqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<otpstxJ+qxprqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oqtwrqJ+

trrppqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotttsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowovrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosswoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovttqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orruqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?161


q.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;roMÄłL[PQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qu.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUppP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTsP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHroT[+OL.W[Qq.\XȤqw @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]QX[Tj[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;T\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqsxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<oosxouJ+swurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oppptx

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optqtoJ+qosutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovtspuJ+ttorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<otorrvJ+twsqtqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqorwru pp rMJ

ovptotÄĄoxsuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputwÄĄorrwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktqtsrw ps pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqroppÄĄorptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqssvÄĄ

ǜžrpuqtts w sMJ

opquowÄĄorooqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrsqwÄĄovowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

S[Č&#x2030;pppswtq qt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoutxÄĄotrqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqtr(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsttqJ+qtqxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorruoq qv (

L[;\Oj[L<oosxouJ+swurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]tpprp pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotrsqwÄĄouqssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTuqupspt pu qMJ

osqwrpÄĄouoxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtxotÄĄoqroppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvptsrw pv sMJ

ovptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouoxowÄĄoutsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrpxqptv x pMJ

-X[ÄĄosrsswÄĄouoxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouoxowÄĄovrsrr

Â&#x201E;9H^tpswtq pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstssJ+qtqxpqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ooswtxJ+swupvtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ovtsoxJ+ttoptSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ooswtxJ+swupvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstssJ+qtqxpqtSI[+L[Hqstvxpppr

pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstssJ+qtqxpqtSI[+L[H 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orstssJ+qtqxpqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ooswtxJ+swupvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtsoxJ+ttoptS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orstssJ+qtqxpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooswtxJ+swupvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoworsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppoxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?162


r.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUpqP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTtP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qr.\XȤqx@Q[\J1WW[\L pwp\X@S]Â&#x201E;QS[Q[X[SMjT[\JL

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ S[\H<potrtuJ+srpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqptx

XĆ&#x161;[9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ppsxssJ+ptrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twsssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<oqqusrJ+tqxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tssvro pq rMJ

orrvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqtovÄĄoxtuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprpxÄĄ

O^Ktqvwq ps qMJ

osqvstÄĄotpvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqvstÄĄotpvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpvqxtu x pMJ

pptprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptprqÄĄopqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupptv(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqxprJ+qqputqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losqxrq qw (

potrtuJ+srpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<otosqrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tqpprx pq qMJ

Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLouqtouÄĄowttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpurwÄĄ

QĂžTuqutstw pu rMJ

opssruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroptÄĄotrqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvpttpr pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HorpttrÄĄosoprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvqqÄĄ

U\Lrpxqwqw x pMJ

oppuotÄĄoqsprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppstsp qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpstsp pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqxouJ+qqpurtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqqxouJ+qqpurtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqxouJ+qqpurtSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<potrsxJ+

srpwqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqxouJ+qqpurtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<potrsxJ+

srpwqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<potrsxJ+srpwqqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppsxrvJ+ptrvtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqqxouJ+qqpurtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<potrsxJ+srpwqqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpopqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqroowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LossopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovsvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppotsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?163


s.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qw.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUprP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTuP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qs.\XȤro @Q[\J1WW[\Lpwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<oxpvrpJ+rxpurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrqtw

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<poorruJ+pppptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

vrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<ooosttJ+supstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpwsuqt pr rMJ

ppquppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqsqtÄĄppqvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqropwÄĄ

O^Ktqwross ps qMJ

opssrsÄĄoqropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqtxpsÄĄosrrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpwrsps x pMJ

pptoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louppoq(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqxroJ+pxsurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotpuqp qx (

oxpvrpJ+rxpurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owrvrsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]trpopx pq qMJ

I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtpvÄĄovptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowttswÄĄ

QĂžTuqvrtsv pu rMJ

orpuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsusqÄĄorrutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłvpttxu pv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLovoxpuÄĄowsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqsqwÄĄ

U\Lrpxrstt x pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppsqro qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpsqro pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqxqrJ+pxsupvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owrvswJ+vrupvtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrvswJ+

vrupvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpx qpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqxqrJ+pxsupvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< opqxqrJ+pxsupvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L S[\H<oxpvsuJ+rxpvptSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxpvsuJ+rxpvptSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxpvsuJ+rxpvptSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<poorqxJ+pppprqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <opqxqrJ+pxsupvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJS[\H<oxpvsuJ+rxpvptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotssopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovttsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoowtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovsrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppoptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opovspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?164


t.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;rJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qx.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUpsP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTvP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHrÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qt.\XȤpS@Opwp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owosqwJ+rupqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossqot

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owrwpwJ+vrvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;S[\H<pooqrsJ+spwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqrqto ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqrssÄĄoxoxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxttqrÄĄpqpqtq

O^Ktqxtps ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HououptÄĄowqrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžrpxrwsw x pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovoxroÄĄowsrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqssvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoot(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<pqtpqrJ+pwpoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottvso ro (

owosqwJ+rupqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovrvqxJ+tsro

Â&#x201E;OT]tsxp pq rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtspÄĄouqtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptstÄĄppqttv

QĂžTuqwpuso pu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssrpÄĄorpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvsxÄĄotrrrx

Ç?Çłvpuvpu pv sMJ

opouopÄĄoptuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqtqÄĄpqtwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpxsppx x pMJ

oqtwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrqpoÄĄowtwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprxqo qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprxqo pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pqtppuJ+pwxtvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqtppuJ+pwxtvtSI[+L[H

prtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owosqpJ+rupqsoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrwpqJ+vrvpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqtppuJ+pwxtvtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owosqpJ+rupqsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpootoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oporstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?165


u.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;sJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ro.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUptP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTwP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qu.\XȤqS@O pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovpwotJ+rsptuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otswpp

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovrvtrJ+ttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovpwot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqpotJ+rutrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upustq pt rMJ

portsuÄĄopotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutpppÄĄovrvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kupwtr ps rMJ

O[bS[S[\HopttrrÄĄosqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqtsqÄĄ

ǜžrqosrru x qMJ

pptospÄĄopqsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrqrÄĄpopvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxow(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<pqrwqwJ+pvrutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lourtpp rp (

J+rsptuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovottpJ+rssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]ttvsu pq rMJ

otruotÄĄouquoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpttxÄĄowotttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTuqwtvrx pu rMJ

oxowtvÄĄorpupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouquoqÄĄovpttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvpuptrt pv sMJ

pqptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpososvÄĄppqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrpxsvrx x pMJ

9[TS[\HoqsptqÄĄosovtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprux qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprux pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pqrwqpJ+pvrusoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovotsqJ+rssqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovotsqJ+rssqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9

Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqrwqpJ+ pvrusoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqrwqpJ+pvrusoSI[+L[HL^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ovpvtwJ+rsptsqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pqrwqpJ+pvrusoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/ Q[J[L<ovpvtwJ+rsptsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrvsuJ+ttpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqrwqpJ+pvrusoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpvtwJ+rsptsqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotruoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoopowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouousuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H pqtxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?166


v.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;tJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rp.;Ć&#x2020;vxvO[+T[bJUpuP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTxP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHtÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qv.\XȤrS@Opwp \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrstqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovopppJ+rrrqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loutpro p 

OO\Oj[L<ovottqJ+rssqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovopppJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚQ[J[L<ovorqpJ+rrrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqxqpqs pu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutopwÄĄoxtsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqqrÄĄorpuqu

O^Kuqqrtw ps rMJ

portruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxowqoÄĄoxtsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžrqpswrx x qMJ

9[TS[\HppsxqrÄĄopptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowpp(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<pqtrrxJ+pwprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovporx p (

rrrqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovosswJ+rsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tuurr pq rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotruqxÄĄovpuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopttopÄĄorrsss

QĂžTuqxrwsr pu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoqqvÄĄotrsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxststÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpuqsp pv sMJ

oqtvqoÄĄosrosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrosxÄĄouospvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrpxtrtt x pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprqtw qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprqtw pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovotstJ+rsspoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqtrtqJ+pwpsqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovotstJ+rsspoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9 Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqtrtqJ+ pwpsqvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqtrtqJ+pwpsqvtS

I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovopotJ+rrrqroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L <pqtrtqJ+pwpsqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovopotJ+rrrqroSI[+L[H\LQ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovotstJ+ rsspoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pqtrtqJ+

pwpsqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovopotJ+rrrqroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovssopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqpsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oqqvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouoqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHS[\HoxorsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orpqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?167


w.\LjLqosQ[\S/bS/qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSx.\LjL>[ŃuJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]p„WbŋǃSvxvO[+T[bJUpvP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTpoP[Jvpx…QcHu„QS[.W[Qw.\XȤsS@Opwp \X@S]Ø]J_;­[M^@[S„OTVƊ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtpvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ Q[J[L<ovptrvJ+rsvto„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loutpro p 

9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<ovosqxJ+rrxuo„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@„R[;Ñ]\HQ[J[L<ouoxstJ+rpqrpo„Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ɛ[L

„@[T[9vpqqqx pv rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġpqpstwġorrsop„Mj[-X[ġosqrsuġouorpw

O^Kurrupo ps sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġosoqsoġotrstq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoupoġ

Ƕ¾rqqtrtu x qMJ

owsrqxġpopusv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopusvġpptoot„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovpr(

WŌQ]LíÊ-L^S[K[„O\LSMS<oprxqrJ+qovpt„Mj[I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovporx p (

ovptrvJ+rsvto„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovrssqJ+stsrqt„Mj[

„OT]tvtqq pq sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrutrġouqurx„Mj[-X[ġovpuqsġoxstsp

QþTvopxtq pu sMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Housxqsġoxtrsx„Mj[-X[ġpqpqowġorpurr

Ǐdzvpurqrt pv sMJ

owtttu„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovrtroġowqprv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrqoov x qMJ

9[TS[\Howtuppġpoqqrw„Mj[(

S[ȉpppqxsv qt sMJ „9H^tpqxsv pq qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QÊ„O\LSMS<oprxpvJ+qouuoSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<oprxpvJ+

qouuoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LS MS<oprxpvJ+qouuoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovptrpJ+rsvrtSI[+L[H<S W[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚQ[J[L<ovptrpJ+rsvrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovptrpJ+

rsvrtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovosqpJ+rrxsoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„O\LSMS<oprxpv J+qouuoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovptrpJ+rsvrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovsoot„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxtrpu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpqpoqw„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[oqqrtq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Losqorv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lottwtr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqvtq

„Mj[(„QVS[\UH„WŁ[owtxsv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hposuox„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqtptv„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orowsx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqsqq„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď168


x.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;vJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUpwP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTppP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHvÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qx.\XȤtS@Opwp \X@S];HOX[\LOS

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owopopJ+ruoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtqtu q 

9SG;S\Oj[L<ovrsopJ+stqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owopop

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LQ[J[L<otsopvJ+rowroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqtvrv pw rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpsrvÄĄorrrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqqtwÄĄouoqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kusstpv ps sMJ

orpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqutvÄĄovpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžrqrtxqv x rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotrvpvÄĄovpoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqxpoÄĄouoqpw

S[Č&#x2030;pppquru qt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououpt(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttopJ+qrptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovstsr q (

J+ruoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owrtpsJ+vqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]twsps pq sMJ

\JLotrvpvÄĄouqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpurvÄĄoxstrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTvppu pu sMJ

O[bS[S[\HpqtwotÄĄoqroqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqroqxÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpusppu pw pMJ

ouoqpwÄĄouswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqqttÄĄoqtuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrqoupt x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouoqpwÄĄovqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosowrxÄĄotrtpv

Â&#x201E;9H^tpquru pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtsttJ+qrpttSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtsttJ+qrpttSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqtsttJ+qrpttSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoottJ+ruotSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoottJ+

ruotSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(

\Oj[L<ovrspuJ+strqvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtsttJ+qrpttSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoottJ+ruotSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovqrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqswopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?169


po.\LjLqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSpp.\LjL>[ŃwJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]r„WbŋǃSvxvO[+T[bJUpxP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTpqP[Jvpx…QcHw„QS[.W[Qpo.\XȤuS@O pwp\X@S]J_;­[ƆQ]QX[-ƆQ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ S[\H<oxptprJ+rxsto„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowtrqt r 

\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<owrspoJ+vqqpqt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxptprJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLouqvptġowtttw„Mj[-X[ġ

„@[T[9wvrxx px rMJ

pqpprwġopsspr„Mj[-X[ġoqrorpġotrtsp„Mj[(

O^Kuttpt ps sMJ

otppsr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horpuswġosorou„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾rqttpq x rMJ

9[TS[\Hopptpvġoqsqot„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotpu(

LOQ]LíÊQ_T[Q[J[L<osrxqvJ+qvrtqt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqptp r (

rxsto„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;„WgP[;½Q[J[L<otrrovJ+qxsxrt

„OT]txrv pq sMJ

pqpspuġorrqrs„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howqoppġoxtqsu„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTvpsqqt pu sMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLosqqoxġotppsr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqqoxġ

Ǐdzvputot pw pMJ

popurqġppsxqx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxqxġopqqqu„Mj[(

U\Lrqopqpx x qMJ

S[ȉpppqrqu qt sMJ „9H^tpqrqu pq qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[@ʼnQ[J[L<osrxqoJ+qvrtvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<

osrxqoJ+qvrtvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<osrxqoJ+qvrtvtSI[+L[H„T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H< oxptqwJ+rxtqvtSI[+L[H\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxptqwJ+rxtqvt SI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrsqtJ+vqqtoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osrxqoJ+qvrtvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxptqwJ+rxtqvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovrqpr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxstqr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpqoqrv„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[oqpuoo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lospqst„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lottpop„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqooo„Mj[( „QVS[\UH„WŁ[owtptu„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hporwpv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqssos„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orootv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpuro„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď170


pp.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;xJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUqoP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTprP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpp.\XȤvS@O pwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<potrtsJ+srportÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxtrru s 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<poopqpJ+potxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+ropwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwosÄĄovpvoq

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpxtwto qo qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrorqÄĄorputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsqqqÄĄ

O^Kuutrqp pt pMJ

oqtsssÄĄosqvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpotpÄĄowsrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louospv(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Q[J[L<ouswopJ+rqtttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxoopx s (

potrtsJ+srportÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLQ[J[L<otstop

Â&#x201E;OT]tpoqr pr pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtttxÄĄppqsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpxqvÄĄppqtoo

QĂžTvqqrsx pu sMJ

orrptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssoxÄĄoqrorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvputxp pw pMJ

9[TS[\HpoqpprÄĄppswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrquppx x rMJ

U\Lrqopwpx x qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqopt qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqopt pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ousvtsJ+rqttrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L< ousvtsJ+rqttrtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ousvtsJ+rqttrtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<potsow J+srpppoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<

ousvtsJ+rqttrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<potsowJ+srpppoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pooprtJ+

potxsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ousvtsJ+

rqttrtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<potsowJ+ srpppoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxspqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovpuot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?171


pq.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;poJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUqpP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTpsP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpoÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpq.\XȤwS@O pwp\X@S]J_;­[M^@[T\QTÂ&#x201E;Jg.T[\LĂ&#x2DC;]S[Q>Ĺ&#x192;S\O@bj[¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrutrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oosxtpJ+svtwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotrrr t 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ppsxsrJ+ptqxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+rpqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwqvÄĄouqvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqxpv qp qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxtpspÄĄpqppovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssotÄĄorpvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kuvtptq pt pMJ

owpwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoqtvÄĄoptqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžrqvpvqo x sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqpqwÄĄoqtsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovququÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louorpw(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[S[\H<oxpsrtJ+rxppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxsqpq t (

oosxtpJ+svtwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<ouppqo

Â&#x201E;OT]tpppq pr pMJ

-X[ÄĄovpvpsÄĄppqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpwsrÄĄoxotpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTvrtpw pu sMJ

-X[ÄĄostoooÄĄotruqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HottxpvÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpvws pw pMJ

pqppovÄĄpqtvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpposÄĄowsrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrqoqspt x qMJ

owtrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppppvs qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppvs pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxpsqvJ+rxotvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxpsqvJ+ rxotvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H< oxpsqvJ+rxotvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxpsqvJ+

rxotvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ootoouJ+svtxvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppsxrvJ+

ptqwtqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxpsqvJ+

rxotvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ootoouJ+svtxvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovpqox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otowrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?172


pr.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;ppJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUqqP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTptP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHppÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpr.\XȤxS@O pwp\X@S]Â&#x201E;9Sb9S[H[=[\L QÄžX[LJ[bQ[JS[jLP\WH^T[j[+Â&#x201E;T[Tj[WX(Ă&#x2018;J]MbÄźĂ&#x2018;RÄ&#x201E;[\QLbQ[-LÄź[jÂ&#x201E;OKbW(( Ă&#x2DC;]M[U[Ăš^U[ 59[JU]Ă&#x2DC;]S[QPSH\QTL\LjQSM[\T\LjQbWO[9[M9SM[\T-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvpvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oqtssvJ+trxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpptqrv u 

O\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optposJ+qorprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rqswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwtpÄĄouqwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpsprso qq qMJ

O[bS[S[\HousstoÄĄovrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxosrsÄĄorpvox

O^Kuwsuqr pt pMJ

ospxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrttÄĄpqprpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžrqwqrsr x sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsrsqÄĄpopuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsqpsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqpw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[S[\H<pptoovJ+stqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoqwov u (

oqtssvJ+trxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<oustttJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpqoq pr pMJ

-X[ÄĄovpvquÄĄowoussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsrvÄĄopoqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTvrsutq pv pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqwoxÄĄovpvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoptpswÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpvpvpt pw pMJ

porvsrÄĄppqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswrrÄĄopqotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrqorou x qMJ

osoxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppprtr qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpprtr pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<ppsxtxJ+stqwtoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

ppsxtxJ+stqwtoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[

1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppsxtxJ+stqwtoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqtssoJ+trxrqtSI[+L[H<S W[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oqtssoJ+trxrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqtssoJ+trxrqt

SI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optpqoJ+qorqpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<ppsxtxJ+stqwtoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqtssoJ+trxrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqospqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovowpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?173


ps.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pqJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUqrP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTpuP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qps.\XȤpo S@Opwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ostvtwJ+twputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqsxrq v 

K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<oqqtsoJ+tptutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HQ[J[L<ovqpruJ+rsputqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xquptqr qr pMJ

orqxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousrttÄĄoxtortÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqporuÄĄ

O^Kuxrurx pt pMJ

oxstpsÄĄporsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxorttÄĄoxtortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqxropv x sMJ

ottvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvpuÄĄoppssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoppw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrxps\Oj[LoxstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppwop v (

<ortuqrJ+qtsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ostvtwJ+twputo

Â&#x201E;OT]tpqtxt pr pMJ

U_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxpsÄĄovpvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptpptÄĄ

QĂžTvsqwrp pv pMJ

orpvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosortuÄĄotrvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvpvqurq pw pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoqtqstÄĄosqtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosqtooÄĄ

U\Lrqorttr x qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppposq qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpposq pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orturwJ+qtssqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqqtttJ+tptusqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orturwJ+ qtssqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqqtttJ+tptusqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqps pupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqqtttJ+tptusqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ostwppJ+twpvqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ostwppJ+twpvqqtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ostwppJ+twpvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orturwJ+qtssqvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostwppJ+

twpvqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovospv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?174


pt.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;prJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUqsP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTpvP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHprÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpt.\XȤpp S@Opwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ostutsJ+twpspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsqtq w 

outorxJ+qtvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ostutsJ+twpspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otttrtJ+rosotqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9powpwo qs pMJ

U_TQ[J[L<ovtprpJ+rtrosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Kupoqqqt pt qMJ

pqpqqxÄĄorqwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospwopÄĄottuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžsorvs po pMJ

ososoxÄĄotrvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoutvÄĄowtuor

S[Č&#x2030;pppvrq qt sMJ

popttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopttpÄĄppsvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louoopw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrxrw\Oj[LoxstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqppou w (

ostptpJ+tworqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]tprtwpp pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outorxJ+qtvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;

QĂžTvtpopt pv pMJ

otrxrwÄĄouqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpvtoÄĄoxstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpvrttu pw pMJ

ousqtxÄĄoxtooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoqoÄĄorpvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lrqospru x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovqxstÄĄowpurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsrsvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvrq pq qMJ

owtprtÄĄpopxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ostpssJ+twoptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ostpss J+twoptSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ostpssJ+twoptSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \O ÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outorqJ+qtvptSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L

Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ostpssJ+twoptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outorqJ+

qtvptSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Q[J[L<ottttoJ+rosproSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ostpssJ+twoptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<outorqJ+

qtvptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovooqp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?175


pu.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;prJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUqtP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTpwP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHprÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpu.\XȤpq S@Opwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ousxruJ+qtsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrpro x 

\Oj[L<ostosxJ+tvtvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ovooosJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qtsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovrxsoJ+rtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqoqtp qt pMJ

owoxrpJ+rupssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotsoopÄĄ

O^Kupprqs pt qMJ

orqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospvppÄĄotttpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtuttÄĄ

ǜžspssr po pMJ

\JLouqxoqÄĄovpworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HotttpqÄĄousqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppsqp qt sMJ

ovppttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqrpwÄĄotttpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HotttpqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lottxpv(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<owqrtuJ+usxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opottx x (

rqovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ousxruJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpstvpw pr qMJ

\Oj[L<owqrtuJ+usxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

QĂžTvttqr pv pMJ

ouqxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpworÄĄoxstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqovÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpvstqv pw pMJ

oqrorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrorwÄĄorpvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

U\Lrqosvps x qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoppxroÄĄoqtpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsoopÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpsqp pq qMJ

ovqrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospopqÄĄotrwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<outxttJ+rpxstSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[

L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outxttJ+rpxstSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outxttJ+ rpxstSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

outxttJ+rpxstSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outxttJ+rpxst SI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousxroJ+qtssoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owqrswJ+usxqvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

ousxroJ+qtssoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<outxttJ+rpxstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owqrswJ+usxqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovowrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutuqt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?176


pv.\LjLqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSpw.\LjL>[ŃpsJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]po„WbŋǃSvxvO[+T[bJUquP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTpxP[Jvpx…QcHps„QS[.W[Qpv.\XȤpr S@Opwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwtpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<owqqtrJ+usvpo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorptos po 

\Oj[L<outxopJ+rpvro„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSP[ÍMJ\Oj[L<owsrqtJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\ƆS[\H<oxoosoJ+rwqprvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

„@[T[9ppqrxss qt sMJ

rupsst„Mj[I[+L[HǝO-Q`HbR[;\JLouqxqoġowtuot„Mj[

O^Kupprxqp pt qMJ

-X[ġpqoxsvġopsrsq„Mj[-X[ġoqrorxġotrwqv„Mj[(

Ƕ¾sqtppr po pMJ

ototpt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horpvruġososrr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[ȉpppppo qt sMJ

9[TS[\Hoppsqpġoqsqqr„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottwpu(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<oxrprxJ+xrwt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊM_O­P[ÍMJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqopps po (

vrvro„Mj[I[+L[H„SOH]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owqqtrJ+usvpo„Mj[

„OT]tpttuqw pr qMJ

oxrprxJ+xrwt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;O`\ĭ„Wń[<owoxttJ+

QþTvurrtv pv pMJ

-X[ġpqppstġorqvqt„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howptoqġoxswtu„Mj[

Ǐdzvpvttt pw pMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLospuqoġototpt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLospuqoġ

U\Lrqotqsv x qMJ

poptrsġppsvpv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvpvġoppxop„Mj[(

„9H^tpppo pq qMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<outwtqJ+rpvvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<owsrrxJ+vrwtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L

-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrprqJ+xrvsvtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LíÊH\Oj[L<outwtqJ+rpvvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owsrrxJ+ vrwtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

„OT[\LS\JLTL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<outwtqJ+rpvvtSI[+L[H„T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ \OdzX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owqrovJ+usvst SI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ \OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owsrrxJ+vrwtS

I[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxrprqJ+xrvsvtSI[+L[HǏdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L9[M[\LS

\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outwtqJ+rpvvt SI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owqrovJ+usvstS

I[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxrprqJ+xrvsvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V :[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<outwtqJ+

rpvvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owqrov J+usvstSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owsrrxJ+vrwtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrprqJ+xrvsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovossp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxpvtq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpprtou„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[opswqx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orstps„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotqrro„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutqro

„Mj[(„QVS[\UH„WŁ[owqsqs„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpoposu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqpurr„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrrqu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswtw„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď177


pw.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;ptJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUqvP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTqoP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHptÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpw.\XȤps S@Opwp\X@S]TĂ­]M_\G­Q[U[SJM_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O[\Ĺť9]@jÄź]Â&#x201E;9[@[;S]Ă&#x201C;H9[\ĥ­9Ć&#x;[L-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxrotwJ+xruqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lortrts pp 

Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<oxtwsoJ+posssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OQ[J[L<ovswsrJ+rtqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppttq qu sMJ

ppqqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpspvÄĄppqqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrosoÄĄ

O^Kupqpop pt qMJ

opsrrvÄĄoqrosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqtoorÄĄosqpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsrtwrr po qMJ

ppsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottvpt(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<owsqsqJ+vrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqttto pp (

oxrotwJ+xruqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxtsqpJ+sorsto

Â&#x201E;OT]tputtso pr rMJ

O½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotsoswÄĄovpwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtuouÄĄ

QĂžTvvpttt pv qMJ

orpvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqrvtpÄĄorquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłvpwssx pw pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLovpqqpÄĄowsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpopvsvÄĄ

U\Lrqotwpu x qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppotvtx qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^totvtx pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owsqtwJ+vruqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxtwrrJ+possqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrotoJ+xruqt SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtwrrJ+possqqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupw

pxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsqtwJ+vruqqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <oxtwrrJ+possqqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsqtwJ+vruqqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrotoJ+ xruqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxtwrrJ+possqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L< pooxsqJ+pppqptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxrotoJ+xruqtS

I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pooxsqJ+pppqptSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsqtwJ+vruqqt

SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< oxrotoJ+xruqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

oxtwrrJ+possqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pooxsqJ+pppqptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovoosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opssrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louswrs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpooutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osstorÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S204

M[\Ä?178


px.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;puJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUqwP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTqpP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpuÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpx.\XȤpt S@Opwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxrwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<pooxowJ+pppotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losqwto pq 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pooxowJ+pppotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<popvosJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotsppqÄĄouqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqvsrqp qv sMJ

oxsvsxÄĄpqoxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrrqÄĄorpvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kupqrtx pt qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLpqtxstÄĄopswqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxptÄĄ

ǜžstut po qMJ

oppwopÄĄoqsxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovqoroÄĄowswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottupr(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<oxtwooJ+posrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsxqo pq (

sprosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HQ[J[L<ovorstJ+rrqvqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpvtstt pr rMJ

ovpwrxÄĄppqqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowprrqÄĄoxoospÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTvvtvtw pv qMJ

ostqouÄĄotrxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HottqovÄĄowprrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpwpsso pw pMJ

pqtuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpqrrÄĄowsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lrqprsp x qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppotssw qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^totssw pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oxtwpsJ+posrrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<posrpsJ+pqrttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtwpsJ+posrrt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtwpsJ+posrrtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posrpsJ+pqrttSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtwpsJ+posrrtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< pooxqrJ+ppppqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pooxqrJ+ppppqvtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<popuruJ+ppqwroSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxtwps J+posrrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pooxqrJ+ppppqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<popuruJ+

ppqwroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posrpsJ+pqrttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoututpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loussrw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpooqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqowspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osspovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?179


qo.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUqxP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTqqP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpvÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqo.\XȤpu S@Opwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<popuqrJ+ppqvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotoots pr 

\Oj[L<posroqJ+pqrsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxtqrwJ+poqvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oporuqp p sMJ

otsprtÄĄouroprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwtpÄĄowovqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kupqtsrp pt qMJ

oxoooqÄĄorpvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouroprÄĄovpwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžsuprsv po qMJ

pqporxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HporsroÄĄppqpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppotprw qt sMJ

9[TS[\HoqsqroÄĄospposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotttpq(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<oxtqrwJ+poqvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ossptr pr (

popuqrJ+ppqvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<poowqwJ+spwpo

Â&#x201E;OT]tpwtspq pr rMJ

XV­GQ[J[L<ottssoJ+rorrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTvwsot pv qMJ

porrqrÄĄpqtxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwpxÄĄovqtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpwqsrv pw pMJ

O[bS[S[\HopsvttÄĄosprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqopÄĄ

U\Lrqpxo x qMJ

ppsuqoÄĄoppvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrtwÄĄpoptoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^totprw pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<posqtrJ+pqrspqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<potvrxJ+prpopoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posqtrJ+pqrspqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potvrxJ+prpopoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<posqtrJ+pqrspqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<potvrxJ+prpopoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<popupuJ+ppqvsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L

<potvrxJ+prpopoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<popupuJ+ppqvsoSI[+L[H

MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtqroJ+poqvpvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(

\Oj[L<popupuJ+ppqvsoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

posqtrJ+pqrspqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtqroJ+poqvpvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potvrxJ+prpopoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoutqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxouosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotppsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lousosq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqossuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?180


qp.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pwJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUroP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTqrP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpwÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqp.\XȤpv S@Opwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoqtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oxtqsoJ+poqvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotrppr ps 

\Oj[L<potvswJ+prporqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owtxsrJ+wpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqrsstx q sMJ

ÄĄovpxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsvqqÄĄorqsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourvqr

O^Kuprvtt pt qMJ

otsoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsssoÄĄporrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžsvqpso po rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLospxorÄĄottoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppstoqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lottspo(

I[+L[H>H^I­]\Oj[L<owtxsrJ+wpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrsot ps (

oxtqsoJ+poqvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxqxtxJ+rxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tpxtrrp pr rMJ

Q[J[L<osqpqwJ+qurxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotsptx

QĂžTvxqqpv pv qMJ

ÄĄoxsusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowsqÄĄorpwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosotqpÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpwrsso pw pMJ

owtxqrÄĄoxsusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqswoqÄĄospxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrqppspt x qMJ

opprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pposwqv qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^toswqv pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<potwosJ+prpppqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxqxtpJ+rxrosoSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<possooJ+pqrtqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ S[\H<oxqxtpJ+rxrosoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potwosJ+prpppqtS I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<possooJ+pqrtqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps

ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<potwosJ+prpppqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<potwosJ+prpppqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtqtsJ+poqwpvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtxtwJ+wpstvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtqtsJ+

poqwpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqxtp J+rxrosoSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<owtxtwJ+wpstvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L

<possooJ+pqrtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpppxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotovsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourusu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxttopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqoosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?181


qq.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pxJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUrpP[JqosP[SH]j\W\PTqsP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHpxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqq.\XȤpw S@Opwp\X@S]99­>H^I­]9SO[>[J

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxooowJ+wptqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louoott pt 

possrpJ+pqruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<pootpwJ+potvpvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrsvJ+russroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovsppw

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pvxqr r sMJ

qpsxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqqrÄĄourosx

O^Kuprptpq pt qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospqowÄĄotsxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouruqvÄĄoxsuox

ǜžswqxsq po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowovsqÄĄowtuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovqrtqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppostpu qt sMJ

popstqÄĄppstsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowsutqÄĄpoptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottrox(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<ovsppwJ+stvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louqusr pu (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxooowJ+wptqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tqotqtq pr sMJ

J+stvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqttuJ+

QĂžTvposrs pv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxpuÄĄoxssrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxttÄĄorqrsq

Ç?Çłvpwssto pw pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowquÄĄorpwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosotrrÄĄotsoqt

U\Lrqppxqt x qMJ

owpppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowssoqÄĄpopstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tostpu pq qMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<possqsJ+pqruqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<pootrqJ+potvtqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxooqrJ+wptuoS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<possqsJ+pqruqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pootrqJ+potvtqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pootrqJ+potvtqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L <possqsJ+pqruqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxooqrJ+wptuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsprpJ+stvtoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxooqrJ+wptuoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<possqsJ+pqruqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovsprpJ+stvtoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L< pootrqJ+potvtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoustorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotortpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourqto

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpptuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?182


qr.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\SI[+>[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qoJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUp.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqtP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqoÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqr.\XȤpx S@Opwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsppqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovsqorJ+stxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lourppp pu 

Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<poouoqJ+potxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovsqorJ+stxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<outsoxJ+rqtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqoswsw s sMJ

\Oj[L<pqporvJ+puportÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<oxrvptJ+

O^Kuprpupt pt qMJ

-X[ÄĄovpxqwÄĄoxssrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxrrÄĄorqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžsxrvtt po rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrosrÄĄorpwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourpovÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pposqt qt sMJ

oppuoqÄĄoqsuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsqsuÄĄovprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+

-X[ÄĄosppsqÄĄotsoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottqov(

\Oj[L<ouootrJ+ostpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqosw pv (

\Oj[L<oxotprJ+wquvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]tqptqpu pr sMJ

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ouootrJ+ostpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H

QĂžTvposutu pv rMJ

xsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqsuÄĄourpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvpwttu pw pMJ

-X[ÄĄospppwÄĄotsvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqttspÄĄoqrosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrqpqsro x qMJ

ovpxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HotsvtxÄĄourtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tosqt pq qMJ

-X[ÄĄospvqoÄĄotsvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HotsvtxÄĄovpvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

tvsrtvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<poottuJ+potwtqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ouopowJ+ostttSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

oxotqvJ+wqusqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsptuJ+stwtqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouopowJ+ostttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poottuJ+potwtqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxotqvJ+wqusqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poottuJ+potwtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouopowJ+ostttSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsptuJ+ stwtqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouopowJ+ostttSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovsptuJ+stwtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

poottuJ+potwtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouopowJ+ostttSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxotqvJ+wqusqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouspovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppppqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LouqwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpptqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S204

M[\Ä?183


qs.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\ST[Q^/\W+qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qpJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUq.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosP[SH]j\W\PTquP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqs.\XȤqo S@Opwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsprtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ouoprwJ+osvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovorpv pv 

oxottwJ+wqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[\Oj[L<ovswpqJ+tpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<otosqsJ+qwqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<osoqtpJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qsspst t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<outoruJ+qswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;

O^Kuprppp pt qMJ

S[\HowoxsxÄĄoxstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqovtrÄĄopsrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžsposupv po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLospoqvÄĄostwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpwqpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pporwts qt sMJ

ppstosÄĄopptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopprqpÄĄoqsqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottpot(

\Oj[L<osoqtpJ+ttsxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowpvpt pw (

I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ouoprwJ+osvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]tqqtpsq pr sMJ

ttsxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<oxrwooJ+xswt

QĂžTvppqxqq pv rMJ

\JLourpquÄĄowtuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpqÄĄorqqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Ç?Çłvpxtqv pw pMJ

-X[ÄĄoqrossÄĄotsppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLospoqvÄĄostwsr

U\Lrqpqxro x qMJ

osottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopsruÄĄppstosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^torwts pq qMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxoupqJ+wqwrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovswqvJ+tprpqtSI[+L[H\QI^L

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouoptrJ+

osvsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt

pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxoupqJ+wqwrtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ovswqvJ+tprpqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxoupqJ+wqwrtS I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovswqvJ+

tprpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouoptrJ+osvsvtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovswqvJ+tprpqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouoptrJ+osvsvt SI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osoqssJ+ttswttSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouoptrJ+osvsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxoupqJ+wqwrtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osoqssJ+ttswttSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovswqvJ+tprpqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppovrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqstx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovtutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqottuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?184


qt.\LjLqosQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[qov\ÊM^S[ŕrwxw9T½[ŕ„WgSqu.\LjL>[ŃqrJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[ŕwts

\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]pw„WbŋǃSvxvO[+T[bJUr.\LjLqosP[SH]j\W\PTqvP[Jvpx…QcHqr„QS[.W[Qqt .\XȤqpS@Opwp\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsptxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<optproJ+topxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovrwso pw 

oupwtwJ+pqwqvt„Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGO[TO„O\LSMS<oqtwsw

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

…H\HT„R[;M\S<\Oj[L<outpqqJ+qtoro„Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<

„@[T[9qpwsup u sMJ

ovpxts„Mj[-X[ġowtupqġppqosp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howoxosġ

O^Kupqtxrq pt qMJ

oqrrpwġorqpqw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopsroqġoqrost„Mj[(

Ƕ¾spptssx po sMJ

owsspo„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpopspwġppsrsu„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottoor(

LOQ]LíÊ.Í­[\Oj[L<ovswtwJ+tpsro„Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxpusr px (

J+qrxt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<optproJ+topxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]tqrtppp ps pMJ

ortrtsJ+ttqtsvt„Mj[I[+L[H\Wĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrrtġ

QþTvpqpptr pv rMJ

pppxts„Mj[-X[ġoqrostġorpwqv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzvpxpttt pw pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoqstqpġosptrw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovprtqġ

U\Lrqprsqt x qMJ

S[ȉpportss qt sMJ „9H^tortss pq qMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovsxpqJ+tpttSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<optpqrJ+topxroSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­

„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oupwtp J+pqwpoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L  „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[  \Oj[L<outpruJ+qtptSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<

optpqrJ+topxroSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqp qrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<ovsxpqJ+tpttSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<

oupwtpJ+pqwpoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovsxpqJ+tpttSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/\Oj[L<oupwtpJ+pqwpoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ovsxpqJ+tpttSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?

WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<optpqrJ+topxroSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outpruJ+qtptSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovsxpqJ+tpttSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<optpqrJ+topxroSI[+L[H L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oupwtpJ+pqwpoSI[+L[HL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lourrps„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lowsuqt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpporrw„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[oppvop„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orprsu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lostqos„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqpor

„Mj[(„QVS[\UHQ[J[Lovtqtw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxrxpw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hppstou„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoptx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvro„Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\ď185


qu.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUs.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqwP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqu.\XȤqq S@Opwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<pprpqxJ+ssqxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howpwts px 

osspsxJ+tvqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqsqsu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<ootoqpJ+svstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqtwsx v sMJ

S[\HowowpxÄĄowtuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsrtuÄĄpqovqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kupqsptt pt qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HotssttÄĄowowpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpqturqÄĄ

ǜžsprrro po sMJ

ovpsouÄĄowssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoppsrsÄĄoqssspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsxop(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<oupxssJ+proqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpopxpp qo (

J+pvqvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<pprpqxJ+ssqxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tqstosp ps pMJ

\JLotsrtxÄĄourqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqoouÄĄppqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTvpqtsqw pv rMJ

-X[ÄĄopsqtvÄĄorpwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostsppÄĄotsptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpxquqw pw pMJ

opssruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqovqpÄĄpqttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrqprxpt x qMJ

9[TS[\HovpsrrÄĄowssppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pporqrr qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^torqrr pq qMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oupxruJ+proqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<osspsqJ+tvqspvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oupxruJ+proqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C 9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupxruJ+

proqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osspsqJ+tvqspvtSI[+L[Hpqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oupxruJ+proqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pprpqqJ+ssqxqvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oupxruJ+

proqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<pprpqqJ+ssqxqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L< osspsqJ+tvqspvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowsqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpotxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosswowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loupvov

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovsxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?186


qv.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\S/LW[/LW[qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUt.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosP[SH]j\W\PTqxP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqtÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqv .\XȤqrS@Opwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqsuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxovrqJ+rwqwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxotrq qo 

<oropsvJ+trprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<poqopu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OO\Oj[L<ovttppJ+tqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½S[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpvputw x pMJ

ourqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqoqoÄĄowowpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqppÄĄ

O^Kupqpwqt pt qMJ

orpwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLourqqqÄĄovqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžspspqpx pp pMJ

9^\T9S[\HporppvÄĄpppxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppssowÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppoqxqq qt sMJ

oqsqstÄĄospqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsvtx(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<ossqrtJ+tvquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqrqu qp (

J+pprosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxovrqJ+rwqwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tqttops ps pMJ

oxsrtsJ+rxtxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotssqsÄĄ

QĂžTvprrvw pv sMJ

pqtuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourpsvÄĄovpxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowttqxÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpxrvv pw pMJ

opssorÄĄosovtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqooxÄĄpqowovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lrqpsrtx x qMJ

oppsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsspuÄĄpopspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^toqxqq pq qMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oroprxJ+trprvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovttosJ+tqusoSI[+L[H\W+X S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[

@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<poqooxJ+pproqtSI[+L[H

O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovttosJ+tqusoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŌO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oroprx J+trprvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oroprxJ+trprvtS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H <oxovqtJ+rwqwrtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<poqooxJ+pproqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H <oxovqtJ+rwqwrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowrwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpottsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orottuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LossspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louprpo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpprvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?187


qw.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\SW[9TbWLqov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;quJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUu.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosP[SH]j\W\PTroP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHquÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqw.\XȤqs S@Opwp\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]SQ[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ousspxJ+rqqxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtxru qp 

M_O­N[ÇľL]9SGOO\Oj[L<ovtttwJ+tqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

txrqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPQ[J[L<ourvtpJ+rqprrvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sprutv po pMJ

opsrrpÄĄorpxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourotqÄĄoxsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kuppsxqp pt qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsspoÄĄporqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowtstpÄĄ

ǜžsptqppw pp pMJ

osprovÄĄotsqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsqsxÄĄoppqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsutw(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<opqrrrJ+sxutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqvoq qq (

ousspxJ+rqqxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrrstJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tqusxto ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotssswÄĄovqorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTvpspxtq pv sMJ

pqousxÄĄorpwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosousvÄĄotsqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpxsvtq pw pMJ

oxsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqsrqpÄĄosprovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lrqpswrx x qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppoqupp qt sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^toqupp pq qMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<opqrqvJ+sxurvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtuppJ+tqxqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opqrqvJ+sxurvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opqrqvJ+sxurvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ousspqJ+rqqxroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ousspqJ+rqqxroSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtuppJ+tqxqvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ousspqJ+rqqxroSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opqrqvJ+sxurvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowrsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpotptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opotpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LossopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louoxps

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovspoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpprrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osotsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S204

M[\Ä?188


qx.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosQ[\S/bS/qov\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxw9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvJbQ[JSQ[X[vpxU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wts\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvxvO[+T[bJUv.\Ç&#x2C6;LqosP[SH]j\W\PTrpP[JvpxÂ&#x2026;QcHqvÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqx.\XȤqt S@Opwp\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrrtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osquqxJ+qusspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppooto qq 

M_O­N[ÇľL]S[\H<pptqppJ+stpwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

osquqxJ+qusspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<orqorvJ+trtwro

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sptttpt pp pMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotstprÄĄourrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqosuÄĄ

O^Kuppptpq pt qMJ

otsptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqxtuÄĄoxsqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqourrÄĄ

ǜžspuroqu pp pMJ

owowrrÄĄowtupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovpwoqÄĄowouovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppoqro qt sMJ

ppsrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowsqppÄĄpopqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsttu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotstpr\Oj[LoxssouÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqutw qr (

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrstrJ+txrtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]tqvsxqv ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ǜžÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orruotJ+qsrwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTvptqsp pv sMJ

oxssouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqovqtÄĄorpwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoupwÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpxtwsq pw pMJ

orpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosovooÄĄotsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lrqptrpr x qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowssqrÄĄpoprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoprtvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^toqro pq qMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<pptqosJ+stpwpoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrttxJ+qsrvtvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+X

H^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pptqosJ+stpwpoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pptqosJ+stpwpoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&a