Page 1

196


Q[\S196

M[\ď0


Iu bgt kÖxm~hŠ¨vq ci eªÞ‥Y bgt

Bgvi ‥mbvLqvZ

weòzwcÖqv gwYcyix Vvii cyivbv cvwÄ m~hŠwm×vť�i gvwnj Mbvwb A‥m MbvwbiKv gvaecyii cweÎ ivmi RvMv Anvb‥i †K›`ªM aivwb ABj AÿZzc: 24.31º Jqvs `ªvwNgvZzc: 91.84º gyO mgqi jqvM: 6º gyO

gvwi 196 DĂ‹g wmsn

‥cŠwi http://www.pouri.org

wbDBqKŠ, wZjcvivóª

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?1


9I[.9>^\C

\Q\OĆ‹^\Ă‘j[Q\GM^S]D[STM[\Ä?.X[L\L9[T[\LQbLj[„;T;[9HOWSK\Sj[XŇ[9bSg\SH[(QSW[KL[-X[LSNTX[L .\XT“M[\Ä?â€? L[=SWNC7j½[SX[LT(QS5bS“M[\Ä?â€? L[=S;L95X[LTȉĪ[X[\S\JL9[SL[;/M^S[OWS.X[S

M[\Ä?X[L;L[\L59bSS(M[\Ä?;L[\LS9[\J@[HSQ[\X.bWp(W^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźO[bS[q(\Oǜĭ\WÄ­[ÄźO[J`9\WÄ­[Äź(W^R­½

\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X5H[M^S[L[9[bTÄĄ>\Tj[.bXQ[\XÂ&#x201E;RH[TO[@[bS>bTSO[+T[Sj[QM[\Ä?;L[\L-S(\Qbjg/bQW^R­½\WÄ­[Äź Q[\X/Tj[M[\Ä?5X[LQ_\H­M[T9ST^(/+bS@]9½[bTÄš[SÂ&#x201E;>j[M^S[L[\JL.X[LX[SM[\LO[S/\HX[WS<CL[S\JL.X[L \OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LL^\=\9Ǣ.Q[SM[\Ä?5H[S\JLH[\S:O[bS[\H\I\L9[T[\L5X[LX[\OÄĄ\XL9[QX[L(-X[bL.\Q X[\Ç M^S[L[\JLH[\S:5H[/bQ/+bS\@TQ[\Hj[S(H[I9j[QS5bSČ&#x2030;S9[XĤ[5X[bLÂ&#x201E;R9^LM^S[L[H[\S:\H\I

\OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LO[SL[L[L;bOVL[S9[bQT[;H/-X[LÂ&#x2026;Ç&#x2C6;bLj(.Q[SP[SH1MQX[bJUSQ^+O[S[HÂ&#x201E;RÂ&#x201E;RWL-Ĺ&#x2022;O[ M[\Ä?O½[OX[S9S[\L-S-H[X[\Ç 5bM/HÂ&#x201E;>ĹŻS[\LHXĤ[.X[bLgI^/T^(

OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;SQ[\S5X[L9^ĹĄ[;[ÄĄ>[T^-bWX[L-X[LQ[H[\L\XL(9^L;/Q[ÄĄ[S[O[JU[X.9ObS\L9[T[bWX[LO[bS[ 9HH[/Q[ÄĄ[S[S[@[UU[+9/\L9[T[bWX[L(\Q-W[bJÂ&#x201E;9[L6\HX[\W9H9­HR[L[L[QL[1\S(5Q[\Spspx/bT

.\@9[ÄĄpspxOWS.b;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;-9S[\L-bW5W[bJÂ&#x201E;TM9\Sj[pOĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;ÄĄ-9\Sj[X[\SQ[\SSM[\Ä?.X[LU[H9ST^(

\X@\S\X@\SH[\S:;L[\LSL[L[LMÄ­\H>[T^-bW-H[X[\OH:[\LL[:[\LÂ&#x201E;RW[bJ1T[TS(-X[bLQSMÄ­\H 9^bjH O[bS[Q[/žWNCMÄ­\HS:[\LW+Ć&#x2019;[S9\Sj[ 5X[bHgp\JLÂ&#x201E;XTO[9Q/bHM[bS(\X@\SH[\S:Â&#x201E;TM9S[\LS>^ĹĄ[

MÄ­\HX[L/TH[/I[\>S\M?S\JbLÂ&#x201E;OT];O^S[\LSI[+L[H@^T[9X[LÂ&#x201E;J:bT-\JLS\M?S\JbLM/T[Q[W(Â&#x201E;J:[\L5X[bHg Â&#x201E;ObWM-/bHM[bSÂ&#x201E;Q<[T[/bTÂ&#x201E;R;Â&#x201E;>/H/-;S>[L[X[LÂ&#x201E;W+L[/bTO[Â&#x201E;9[L@[;[X[ÄĄÂ&#x201E;>/H[S[5W[bJ(-X[bL

O[+T[bJbU/bQWS9[\S@[H]j>[*JÂ&#x201E;J:[9\Q\CbjÂ&#x201E;RX[LÂ&#x201E;TM9SH[/-X[LS;b@I[Ĺ°\Jj[\X@\SH[\S:O[bS[MO­ Â&#x201E;TM9S[\L-S(

O[+T[bJUO[+T[bJUSO[+T[59[bEQ]bjÂ&#x201E;RO[+T[M[\Ä?SW+Ć&#x2019;[S9bS\W-X[L/bQâ&#x20AC;&#x153;O[+T[bJUâ&#x20AC;? O^\Tj[Â&#x201E;JL[-/T( Q[\XW^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X/Tj[\JLO[SMSOXO[WQjR[Ă&#x160;[\H\ILĂ­Ă&#x160;9SLÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă XƤ^C.\J;LbT1 Â&#x201E;OL]b@[T[9\L9^T[\LO^S[\LĂ XLO[bS[TĂś5H[Č&#x2030;ÄŞ[J`9\WÄ­[Äź/Tj[;L[\L-/T(

Â&#x201E;RH[S;bOVL[O[bS[9Q­ĥM[+T[9M[W^H[ 1. Shree Ajit Krishnan, MHora-v0.2.

2. Shree Michio Yano (http://www.cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp/~yanom/) articles, and Pancanga (version 3.13). 3. Shree Vinay Jha (http://jyotirvidya.wetpaint.com/), Shree Surya Siddhanta releted all articles. 4Ă&#x2DC;]W_R­½\WÄ­[ÄźÇ&#x2030;[Q]\OÄ&#x152;[L[LĹ prpuW[TÂ&#x201E;OT^hQD9\T9[H[(

5. Indian Astronomy: An Introduction By S. Balachandra Rao, Year 2000, Universities Press.

6. Indian Calendric System, by Commodore S.K. Chatterjee (Retd.), Year 1998, Publication Division, MOIB, Govt of India.

My special thanks for their tools:

1. Microsoft for Visual Studio 2010 & Hijri Calendar.

2. Swiss Ephemeris (http://www.astro.com/swisseph/) for swedll32.dll

T\QbH;[X[\Ç S[+Â&#x201E;X/>[.X[LQS5bSČ&#x2030;Çł9[Q5X[HÂ&#x201E;9[LT[TI[/bTHS[9QbSO[b;/O[+\QT;[T;Â&#x201E;RW[bJ1 >^Q9SH1(

1ĥQ\W+X\L1/j9­pspxWL

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?2


\L+bIgO^KQĞ]U\LM[\LS-\KM\HQÞTO[bS[N[jNWTS-\KM\Hǜž(

=========================================================

pÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qqQK^W^KLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qqQ[>­vwxO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqqU\@O^.W[QpOX[;

M[=[LQ^W\TQpxU[7j[Tpvq W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/roÂ&#x2026;>HpxtQ[\S vwxrqp I[+>[ J+pppptvt <poqwSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottvovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otqxtvJ+txoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqrts qq 

ourrsoJ+prxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<owproqJ+ttoqqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ottvpwJ+rowqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ourpro

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpqtwrt px sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<ostpsvJ+tvqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;

O^Kpprsppp qu pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottqtrÄĄousprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopppruÄĄoqooqp

ǜžppurus s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqurtÄĄotptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorrtqpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spstvqs pp pMJ

pptwqxÄĄopqxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoproqrÄĄoqtxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqrx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<ourproJ+prurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowpqtw qr (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<otqxtvJ+txoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oosvqx p pMJ

J+prurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<otoutsJ+twqqt

QĂžTpqrtvps t pMJ

\JLousprwÄĄoxturvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovrxpvÄĄoxpsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpppvstv qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutpspÄĄovrxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqsttÄĄorrtqp

U\Lppqopvrq qv qMJ

osqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqvotÄĄpptwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popstvqs qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ourrtsJ+prxttSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<owpqtsJ+ttoqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourrtsJ+prxtt SI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspu pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ourrtsJ+prxttSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<owpqtsJ+ttoqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ourrtsJ+prxttSI[+L[H.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpqtsJ+ttoqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourpqsJ+prupvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

owpqtsJ+ttoqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourpqsJ+prupvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L :[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourrtsJ+prxttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourpqsJ+prupvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owpqtsJ+ ttoqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LoupqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovssqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxrosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppruqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosowtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouqospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpotposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/oposqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?3


qÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qqQK^W^KLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qrQ[>­vwxO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqqU\@O^.W[QqOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqoU[7j[Tpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottuorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ouroqwJ+prrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqrot qr 

owpptxJ+tsvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L<ouroqwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovtwsoJ+tpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqtqvsu qo sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLottptoÄĄovqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppsrtps qu pMJ

pprvopÄĄoqsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrvtsÄĄotptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppvrtsu s rMJ

oqsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroppvÄĄosrqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louorop(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ovtwsoJ+tpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowtutr qs (

prrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovppqxJ+rrpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opsuv p pMJ

ostpotJ+tvqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<ostvprJ+tvsrqvt

QĂžTpqsrssx t pMJ

posstqÄĄopppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutptuÄĄoxpsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppvpxqu qv pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxosÄĄorrvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptxrrÄĄ

U\Lppqoqtqr qv qMJ

ovqrqsÄĄowtstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporpspÄĄpqoosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spstsps pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popstsps qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<owpqprJ+tswqoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovppssJ+rrpvvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U

Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L <popusvJ+ppqqqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourosqJ+prsrqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovppssJ+rrpvvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpqprJ+tswqoS

I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<popusvJ+ppqqqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt pvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpqpr J+tswqoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<popusvJ+ppqqqtSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourosqJ+prsrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owpqprJ+tswqoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourosqJ+prsrqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovtwtrJ+tpvrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourosqJ+prsrqtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owpqprJ+

tswqoSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ovtwtrJ+tpvrvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L <popusvJ+ppqqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovsorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosostwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LoupustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S196

M[\Ä?4


rÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qrQK^W^KLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qsQ[>­vwxO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqrU\@O^.W[QrOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqpU[7j[Tpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotttooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ovtvrvJ+tpsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqoqw qs 

<popttoJ+ppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovtvrvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<oxsusqJ+xsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xvstqr qp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLowpvrsÄĄpossqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpptrrso qu pMJ

ouossvÄĄoutqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsqvÄĄpprusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžppwrts s rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqqsowÄĄoppprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovqqrpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spstpr pp pMJ

ovrrspÄĄoxoqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorqq(

LOQ]\Oj[L<oxsusqJ+xsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxsqoq qt (

tpsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtooxJ+rvqtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqsssr p pMJ

ostupoJ+tvsotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<otpwtpJ+twsopqt

QĂžTpqtpqqs t pMJ

opppppÄĄoqsxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvtxÄĄotpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpppvrrtr qv pMJ

optwtwÄĄorrrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopppppÄĄoqooovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqorrps qv qMJ

owtspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqxrqÄĄoroppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popstpr qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<poptssJ+potxstSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtvtpJ+tptqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poptssJ+

potxstSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< poptssJ+potxstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poptssJ+

potxstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/

\Oj[L<ovtvtpJ+tptqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxsutuJ+xtoqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtvtpJ+

tptqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<poptssJ+potxstS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxsutuJ+xtoqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovruruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opstqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosopopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LoupqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owquooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqturvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?5


s…OU[:pxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSt…OU[:>[ŃqsQK^W^KLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qtQ[>­vwxO[+T[bJUpp…>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTs…>Hvpp…QcHqsU\@O^.W[QsOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqqU[7j[Tpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottrtuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<oxstrvJ+xsvvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppptss qt 

;S\Oj[L<oxstrvJ+xsvvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<postqsJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HǶP\Oj[L<ottprvJ+osst„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;\JL

„@[T[9xpxtspp qq rMJ

orrworġotpuou„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtqqwġoxpsqu„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kppurupp qu pMJ

O[bS[S[\Hoxpsquġposxot„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprqttġ

Ƕ¾ppxrrtt s rMJ

pptvquġopqxqp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowtrrsġpoqtro„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorsr(

JUQ]LíÊØOG[\Oj[L<pqrwsvJ+pvoqt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqwrw qu (

sqpurt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;W[K½\Oj[L<otpvswJ+twrvrt„Mj[

„OT]orsrpu p qMJ

otsxsrġovqvsv„Mj[-X[ġoxtstqġpprqtt„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTpqtsxuo t pMJ

optwqqġotttoo„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoqooooġorrwor„Mj[

Ǐdzpppvswqo qv pMJ

pqqptv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposxotġppruqs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppqospt qv qMJ

9[TS[\Hoqtvrqġosqupu„Mj[(

S[ȉspssvtr pp pMJ

„9H^popssvtr qs rMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

O[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<pqrxoqJ+pvosoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ottproJ+osqvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­ S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S „QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxstrpJ+xsutqtS I[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottproJ+osqvtSI[+L[H

„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqr qsquLíÊH\Oj[L<pqrxoqJ+pvosoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqrxoqJ+pvosoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[

„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxstrpJ+xsutqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ppsvrrJ+pstsrtSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxstrpJ+xsutqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

Q^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pqrxoq J+pvosoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ppsvrr J+pstsrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Louoosx„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovrqsp„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxpwtw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqssq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[opsprr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[ortvot„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Louowts„Mj[( H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owqqos„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hporxpt„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqtqsq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsxrp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvtq„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď6


tÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qtQK^W^KLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]quQ[>­vwxO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqtU\@O^.W[QtOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqrU[7j[Tpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottqtrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ppsupuJ+pstpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqowqw qu 

UH\PV[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ppsupuJ+pstpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<ouqwqsJ+prxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poptvqo qr rMJ

ovquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrqsÄĄopposuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Kppvsqrs qu qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoroppvÄĄosrrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrrqrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louosos(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orprpuJ+qrqwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpppurx qv (

oosxptJ+svrpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<ottortJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]osspsw p qMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HopporrÄĄorrqptQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotswsoÄĄ

QĂžTpquqvrt t pMJ

oxtspvÄĄposrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpsqtÄĄpooprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpppwqss qv pMJ

ouotqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptxsrÄĄopqwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqorqqo s sMJ

U\Lppqoswts qv qMJ S[Č&#x2030;spssssq pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popssssq qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orprrpJ+qrqxroSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^L

H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottoqwJ+optqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS

<orprrpJ+qrqxroSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orprrpJ+qrqxroSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppsuoxJ+pstptSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottoqwJ+optqtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ppsuoxJ+pstptS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxptoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouostxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HportpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?7


u…OU[:pxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSv…OU[:>[ŃquQK^W^KLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qvQ[>­vwxO[+T[bJUpr…>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTu…>Hvpp…QcHquU\@O^.W[QuOX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQqs U[7j[TpvqØ]Odz\IL]59[JU]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottptoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ „O\LSMS<optooxJ+qorsqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqtwpx qv 

M_O­P[ÍMJ9SGO[TO„O\LSMS<optooxJ+qorsqt„Mj[I[+L[H

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

<ouqvqpJ+prusqt„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ\Oj[L<ovoqtwJ+rwqo„Mj[

„@[T[9poprtwpt qs rMJ

posqtt„Mj[-X[ġopporrġoqswtx„Mj[-X[ġosqvqtġ

O^Kppwtqrr qu qMJ

ospwrv„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hposwrxġpprtsw„Mj[-X[ġ

Ƕ¾pqpropw s sMJ

9^\T9S[\Hovsoovġowqvpt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtqppġ

S[ȉspssprp pp pMJ

oxoqruġporotx„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosqu(

I[+L[Hǚz[JU]LíÊUH\PV[Q[J[L<otsxtsJ+rort„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqottp qw (

„9gTO\Oj[L<oqtotxJ+tqrwqqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;Ƕ¾\Oj[L

„OT]otsopv p qMJ

I[+L[H/Ń-Q`HbR[;\JLotsvrwġovquor„Mj[-X[ġowptpuġ

QþTpqvtpp t qMJ

ouottp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsoovġoxpsqr„Mj[-X[ġorrpqwġ

Ǐdzpppwpvw qv pMJ

ospwrvġottqtr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowptpuġoxosqx„Mj[(

U\Lppqotusr qv qMJ

poqsqv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoqsqvġpptuss„Mj[(9[TS[\H

„9H^popssprp qs rMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<otsxsvJ+roqsvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqvrsJ+prvptSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^Ŧ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHQ[J[L<otsxsv J+roqsvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<otsxsvJ+

roqsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ„O\LS

MS<optoqrJ+qospvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otsxsvJ+roqsvtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[

8L[bL/„O\LSMS<optoqrJ+qospvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqvrsJ+prvptSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<optoqrJ+qospvtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

otsxsvJ+roqsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Lottqtv„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovqsto„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxppou„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppputo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[oprrsq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orsxps„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Louopoq„Mj[( H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owpspq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hporpqs„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqsssx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqspsp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqooo„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď8


vÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qvQK^W^KLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qwQ[>­vwxO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqvU\@O^.W[QvOX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQqt U[7j[Tpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottosuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvrrJ+qstxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opstou

M_O­P[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpwtxJ+rupwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ossprqJ+tvpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<ovoptuJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poquoqx qt qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtrovÄĄoppoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvpxÄĄ

O^Kpppottu qu rMJ

ospvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourttrÄĄovqtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpqqqvsv s sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotsurtÄĄovpxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrrstÄĄououpq

S[Č&#x2030;spsrwqp pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louossv(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotsurt\Oj[LoxtrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

qw O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqtttp qx (

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvrrJ+qstxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]ourwsr p qMJ

rtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ovqvroJ+spqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

QĂžTpqvsqsw t qMJ

poswqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqqrqÄĄopturvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsrrxÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppwrpqx qv pMJ

ououpqÄĄoutrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwtoÄĄoroppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqpsrp qv qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HououpqÄĄovrsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqrrvÄĄottpto

Â&#x201E;9H^popsrwqp qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvsuJ+qtoqoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS

JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpwtpJ+rupwqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovopsxJ+rtqvtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvsuJ+qtoqoSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpwtpJ+rupwqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpwtpJ+rupwqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LS MS<orsvsuJ+qtoqoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpwtpJ+rupwqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvsuJ+qtoqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovopsxJ+rtqvtSI[+L[H

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvsuJ+qtoqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpwtpJ+rupwqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxovpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpppqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?9


wÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qwQK^W^KLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qxQ[>­vwxO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqwU\@O^.W[QwOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQquU[7j[Tpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsxsrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otqxqwJ+qxpvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqwtq

Â&#x201E;SOH]9SG;S\Oj[L<ossoroJ+tvpssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ovqusxJ+sportÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppwvrq qu qMJ

ourstvÄĄoxtqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsoqvÄĄoxpsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kppppqqqw qu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrroÄĄovsoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqqowÄĄorqxtu

ǜžpqrqssv t pMJ

osputrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqrqtÄĄpptuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louotow(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJS[\H<porpqxJ+sptqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qx O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsuqo ro (

otqxqwJ+qxpvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oupqsoJ+pvsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]ovrvw p rMJ

Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ovrutrJ+srwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTpqwqoqs t qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotstrrÄĄourstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppooxÄĄoptxrr

Ç?Çłpppwstto qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqvstÄĄotpvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqxtuÄĄ

U\Lppqppqpv qv qMJ

pptuorÄĄopqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopquspÄĄoqtssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spsrtpo pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsrtpo qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<porpqqJ+sptptvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqusqJ+spopvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<porpqqJ+

sptptvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<porpqqJ+sptptvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqxsqJ+

qxpvsvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovqusqJ+spopvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otqxsqJ+qxpvsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<porpqqJ+sptptvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxorpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppowtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orspqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owouqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otspoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?10


xÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qxQK^W^KLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]roQ[>­vwxO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqxU\@O^.W[QxOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqvU[7j[Tpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotswsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ouswsrJ+rqrvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oroxts

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oupptxJ+putÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L<ouswsr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

L[;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ovruprJ+srusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqoqqrw qv qMJ

ovqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpospqwÄĄopoxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrsuÄĄ

O^Kpppqsptx qu rMJ

orrwquÄĄotpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtuÄĄorrwqu

ǜžpqsqppu t pMJ

osrsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpvpxÄĄowtoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louotqx(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<ooqotxJ+surppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

ro O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrvoo rp (

J+rqrvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<ovpwprJ+rtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]owrtro p rMJ

ovquoxJ+spstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotssrpÄĄ

QĂžTpqwtwp t qMJ

oxpspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprstrÄĄoqsqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłpppxow qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopttqvÄĄoqsqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroppwÄĄ

U\Lppqpqor qv qMJ

poroqwÄĄpptwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spsrpuo pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsrpuo qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ooqotpJ+surotoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupptpJ+ptstSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ooqotpJ+surotoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooqotpJ+ surotoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ooqotpJ+surotoSI[+L[H9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L <ouswrtJ+rqrvrtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oupptpJ+ptstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ouswrtJ+rqrvrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooqotpJ+surotoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovproqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppotoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osowprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?11


poÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;roQK^W^KLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rpQ[>­vwxO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHroU\@O^.W[QpoOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqwU[7j[Tpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsvrwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovrxroJ+rssvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orswsp

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<ovpvrqJ+rtqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ovqttoJ+sprpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqswrv p pMJ

pospooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxstÄĄoqswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwroÄĄ

O^Kpppsspu qu sMJ

pprsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptstqÄĄorqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžpqtpvpt t pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovpuqvÄĄowsxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqwqpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louottp(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<opsqssJ+sxtwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

rp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorqvsv p (

ovrxroJ+rssvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ovtrrqJ+tqtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]oxrrtp p rMJ

\Oj[L<outqsrJ+qtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLowpqpsÄĄ

QĂžTpqxrtrw t qMJ

otpvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouovpuÄĄoutsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpspwÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppxpsqt qv pMJ

opoxstÄĄoptxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqqpqpÄĄopowovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqpqvsv qv qMJ

oroppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrstuÄĄoxoqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spsqwsx pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsqwsx qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<opsqrwJ+sxtvtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opsqrw J+sxtvtqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

opsqrwJ+sxtvtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;

9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovrxqrJ+rssvpoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovpvquJ+rtqpvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrxqrJ+rssvpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<opsqrwJ+sxtvtqtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovoxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowttqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppopouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotstpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osospuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?12


ppÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;p\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHp9[bTL.W[QppOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqxU[7j[Tpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsurtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovtxsrJ+rtsortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osqtto

9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ovtrpsJ+tqsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<outqqtJ+qtqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9optqvsx q pMJ

otsqqvÄĄovqpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtotpÄĄppropqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppptqxx qu sMJ

optspvÄĄotsvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxpsÄĄorrwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžpqupqso t pMJ

pqpxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposvrvÄĄpprspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;spsqtrw pp pMJ

9[TS[\HoqtqrvÄĄosqoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououpq(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<oqrrtuJ+tqwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lospwsv q (

ovtxsrJ+rtsortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovtvttJ+trwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oporqx p sMJ

\Oj[L<otttpoJ+orpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTqoprpt t rMJ

orrwrtÄĄotpvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutspvÄĄoxpspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpppxqwso qv pMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxpspvÄĄposvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppropqÄĄ

U\Lppqprtro qv qMJ

ppttoqÄĄopqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowswstÄĄpoqptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popsqtrw qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oqrsoxJ+tqxptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqrsoxJ+tqxptSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovtxruJ+rtsopvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqrsoxJ+tqxptSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ovtxruJ+rtsopvtSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqrsoxJ+tqxptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovtxruJ+rtsopvt

SI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ( \Oj[L<outqpwJ+qtqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ Q[J[L<ovtxruJ+rtsopvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqrsoxJ+tqxptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovotpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotspqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osooqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?13


pqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;q\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHq9[bTL.W[QpqOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQp\ĆľT9Jpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotstrrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovswrwJ+rtptqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otoqoq

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovtvtxJ+trwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<ottstpJ+orpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqwqpto r pMJ

opovoxÄĄorqutqQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotspquÄĄovqotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppputuqv qv pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxpspuÄĄpoootpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropqpÄĄ

ǜžpqvvrq t qMJ

pptvpvÄĄopqsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louourr(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<oqttpsJ+trsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotpopq r (

ovswrwJ+rtptqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovrpqoJ+srsst

Â&#x201E;OT]opproqt p sMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<osrqsvJ+tvwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QĂžTqototq t rMJ

posoorÄĄopoxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtopvÄĄposoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpppxsqtr qv pMJ

osrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrssoÄĄouovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lppqpsrpq qv qMJ S[Č&#x2030;spsqqqw pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsqqqw qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovswrpJ+rtptpoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oqttouJ+trspoSI[+L[HO`V

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovswrpJ+

rtptpoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqs tvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqttouJ+trspoSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqp

qrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovswrp

J+rtptpoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovswrpJ+rtptpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqttouJ+trspoS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovswrpJ+rtptpoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottsstJ+orostSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovswrpJ+rtptpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqttouJ+trspoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovopprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?14


prÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;r\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHr9[bTL.W[QprOX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQ q\ĆľT9Jpvq>Ĺ LR[Ă&#x160;[Ă&#x2DC;]MSÇśS[Q@jÄź]-Ă­jH`H]j[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotssrpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<ovovpvJ+rrrsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otrwoq

Q`;\US[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovrpsvJ+srttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<osrrpqJ+tvxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppprprp s pMJ

otsoqtÄĄovqoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowpoooÄĄporxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpppwqup qv pMJ

ovsppwÄĄoxpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorquouÄĄospqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqwpsx t qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowpoooÄĄowtxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsppwÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spspxpv pp pMJ

poqotrÄĄpptsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqrwÄĄpoqxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououts(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<oqsvssJ+tqswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louoqqr s (

<ovovpvJ+rrrsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ourupxJ+qpxst

Â&#x201E;OT]opqqwrw p sMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<oqsvssJ+tqswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTqpqwro t rMJ

opoxpoÄĄoqswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqwrvÄĄouowqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpppxtvs qv pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposvprÄĄpprrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospqrtÄĄotstrr

U\Lppqptotr qv qMJ

owqvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsvqsÄĄpoqotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popspxpv qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oqsvruJ+tqsvtvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqsvruJ+tqsvtvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 

Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovovrqJ+rrrtptSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqsvruJ+tqsvtvtS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovovrqJ+

rrrtptSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrprwJ+srtroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovovrqJ+rrrtptS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqsvruJ+tqsvtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opoupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?15


psÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;s\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHs9[bTL.W[QpsOX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQr \ĆľT9Jpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ottwtvJ+rosuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupsrx t 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ourustJ+qqotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ottwtv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oospsvJ+svrttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqstutq t pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpxswÄĄoptqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrwtwÄĄosppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpppxtvsq qv pMJ

outtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvsrÄĄoropqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžpqwttro t qMJ

ouowsqÄĄovrtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospvrqÄĄotssrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovpu(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oqpsqoJ+tpqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louttsr t (

J+rosuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otptqsJ+txoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]oprquto q pMJ

\JLoxsxpoÄĄopowtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvtqÄĄposvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqquv t rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouqxqqÄĄovpxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouowsqÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqopppr qv qMJ

otrxqsÄĄovprosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrtoqÄĄouowsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lppqptwrq qv qMJ S[Č&#x2030;spspuv pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popspuv qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ottxpqJ+rosutvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqpspqJ+tpqvSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ottxpqJ+

rosutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsu vxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqpspqJ+tpqvSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ottxpqJ+ rosutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oururwJ+qqorqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottxpqJ+rosutvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqpspqJ+tpqvSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpostqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqss

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqprqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/orswrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?16


ptÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;t\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHt9[bTL.W[QptOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQs\ĆľT9Jpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<osqutqJ+qutwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupsrx t 

OO\Oj[L<otpttpJ+txpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<osqutqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[S[\H<popvrpJ+sprtpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qwrvv u pMJ

oxpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrwqsÄĄouqwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppqprpqp qv qMJ

pqpxqtÄĄorqsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqwtxÄĄotpxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqxswrs t qMJ

pptrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptrssÄĄopqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louovrv(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<oppwruJ+sxporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louttsr t (

qutwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<orrqroJ+tsstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opsqsuo q pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouqwqvÄĄoxswrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsprxÄĄ

QĂžTqqsrst t rMJ

opowswÄĄoptwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttqqÄĄovsprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqoqtqo qv qMJ

9^\T9S[\HorqsruÄĄospotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopxtsÄĄ

U\Lppqqupo qv qMJ

opqrosÄĄoqsxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spspqtu pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popspqtu qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oppwqwJ+sxpopoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oppwqwJ+ sxpopoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osqusuJ+qutwqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oppwqwJ+

sxpopoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqusuJ+qutwqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Q[J[L<osqusuJ+qutwqtSI[+L[H

XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oppwqwJ+ sxpopoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpospqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqoxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orssrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?17


puÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;u\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHu9[bTL.W[QpuOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQt\ĆľT9Jpvq>Ĺ LVĆ&#x160;] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsrxJ+qqqorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loutqsu u 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsrxJ+qqqorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rstwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvqsÄĄovpvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqqrorw v pMJ

-X[ÄĄpprqtoÄĄoqrvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrxoqÄĄotpxpw

O^Kppqrutp qv qMJ

oqrvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoropqtÄĄosrtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louovtx(

I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<ooostqJ+suwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtoqw u (

oprptxJ+sxsuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;K`\HQ[J[L<ovrvsuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]optqrv q pMJ

-X[ÄĄporwprÄĄopowrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttrwÄĄoxpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqrqpqs t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtrÄĄorrxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptpqvÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqorxqt qv qMJ

ovppqtÄĄowstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqxpxÄĄpptttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqosotw t rMJ

U\Lppqqprsu qv qMJ S[Č&#x2030;spsxst pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsxst qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovrvtxJ+rstwtvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ooossuJ+suwqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovrvtxJ+rstwtvt SI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs

quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooossuJ+suwqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooossuJ+suwqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsrpJ+qqqopvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ooossuJ+suwqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsrpJ+qqqopvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrsrpJ+qqqopvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooossuJ+suwqtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoustroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqotroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?18


pvÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;v\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHv9[bTL.W[QpvOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQu\ĆľT9JpvqĂ&#x2DC;];Ăž[/Q[S@SQ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pqqutuJ+pvrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrrpt v 

O\G@\Oj[L<pqqutuJ+pvrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<pppwppJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLowovouÄĄporvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowqvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rurtpp w pMJ

outttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpspsÄĄpprqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptotrÄĄ

O^Kppqssss qv rMJ

pqpwsoÄĄopossvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovportÄĄowsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqprqsr t rMJ

oxoqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowqo(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[S[\H<porvtpJ+sqrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howsusv v (

sspptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TQ[J[L<ossutpJ+qvtrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]opuqppr q pMJ

oqswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxovÄĄotpxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouoxswÄĄ

QĂžTqrtxq t sMJ

orqrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopowqvÄĄoptwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłppqotrqv qv qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqvpvÄĄoropqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovruptÄĄ

U\Lppqqqpqo qv qMJ S[Č&#x2030;spsurt pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsurt qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<porvsrJ+sqrosvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<porvsrJ+

sqrosvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqquswJ+pvrroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqquswJ+

pvrroSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<poovowJ+ pppusvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqquswJ+

pvrroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<porvsrJ+sqrosvtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poovowJ+pppusvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orottxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxswoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqoprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ototstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?19


pwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;w\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHw9[bTL.W[QpwOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQv\ĆľT9JpvqĂ&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WO-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<poowqtJ+pppxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowputw w 

oxopsxJ+rwrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGOO\Oj[L<poowqtJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovsqpuJ+tpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqosvts x qMJ

ovpuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsvopÄĄppqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxprÄĄ

O^Kppquqqtr qv rMJ

otsoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwrtÄĄorrxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqqqrst t rMJ

9^\T9S[\HposupuÄĄpprqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqswÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spsrqs pp pMJ

oqsvtpÄĄospsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowsq(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ovsqpuJ+tpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxssqt w (

pppxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owttsrJ+rwpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opvpxpu q qMJ

opsvpwJ+qoqvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtquÄĄ

QĂžTqsrusp t sMJ

otpxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutuppÄĄoxpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptoqoÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqpvqv qv qMJ

oxpspsÄĄposupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvrxÄĄpqpvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqqqwtr qv qMJ

opqvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowssovÄĄpopwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popsrqs qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<oxopsrJ+rwrrptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovsqoxJ+tpusvtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;

H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovsqoxJ+tpusvtS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxopsrJ+rwrrptSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poowpwJ+pppxsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxopsrJ+rwrrptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovsqoxJ+tpusvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<poowpwJ+ pppxsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsqoxJ+tpusvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poowpwJ+pppxsqtS

I[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovsqoxJ+tpusvtSI[+L[HM^S[ @^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?20


pxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;x\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHx9[bTL.W[QpxOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQw\ĆľT9JpvqĂ&#x2DC;]W]H[LOQ] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovsrqwJ+tqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxosrx x 

ovqqprJ+rsqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otptroJ+txpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sttru po qMJ

twtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;S[\HoportpÄĄorqprw

O^Kppqwrpp qv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuqxÄĄporutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpspsÄĄ

ǜžqrpst t rMJ

osruoqÄĄouporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptstwÄĄopqpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxos(

JUQ]\Oj[L<otptroJ+txpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hposqss x (

ovsrqwJ+tqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ouqxpvJ+rqpsrvt

Â&#x201E;OT]opwpvpw q qMJ

\Oj[L<posrswJ+pqtottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<ovrworJ+

QĂžTqtpspx t sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrsqwÄĄovptpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporutrÄĄopowou

Ç?Çłppqpqpqt qv qMJ

pooopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroprpÄĄosruoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppqqruqs qv qMJ S[Č&#x2030;spsopr pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popsopr qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ovqqotJ+rsqurvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Q[J[L<ovqqotJ+rsqurvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovsrqpJ+tpxsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovqqotJ+rsqurvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otptstJ+txprpqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ovsrqpJ+tpxsvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otptstJ+txprpqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovsrqpJ+ tpxsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<

ovqqotJ+rsqurvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otptstJ+txprpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotoxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?21


qoÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpp9[bTL.W[QqoOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQx\ĆľT9JpvqĂ&#x2DC;]bQ[\XL]59[JU]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WOT\QH/ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<otpuspJ+txptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxtuso po 

M_O­N[ÇľL]Q[J[L<otsqtxJ+roqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qupqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqtptxJ+trpupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spxqsst pp qMJ

osrusrJ+tvrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrroÄĄ

O^Kppqxsstr qv sMJ

oqswtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqxttÄĄoupottÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqrtÄĄ

ǜžqsrrx t sMJ

posttsÄĄpprpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoussÄĄotrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sprtvr pp pMJ

owqwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqtpÄĄpopvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxqu(

59[JU]\Oj[L<oqtptxJ+trpupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppsosr po (

\Oj[L<otpuspJ+txptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osorruJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opxptpv q qMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<ovrxptJ+tpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<

QĂžTqttptw t sMJ

ovpsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowostxÄĄporuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovtvÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqprtqo qv qMJ

oxpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqotsÄĄosoussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Lppqqsrtr qv qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowostxÄĄowttqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsqrtÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprtvr qs rMJ

popvrqÄĄpptqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqsvÄĄpoqwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<oxottoJ+ wswqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<otsrpqJ+roqptoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oqtptpJ+trpttqtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oqtptpJ+trpttqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otsrpqJ+roqptoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otsrpqJ+roqptoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otsrpqJ+roqptoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqtptpJ+trpttqtS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqtptpJ+trpttqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrxowJ+tppsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otsrpqJ+roqptoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqtptpJ+trpttqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotouooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?22


qpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpq9[bTL.W[QqpOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpo\ĆľT9JpvqM^ÇłbV[ÄĄQÇł\ĂŤL]\M\MH9]Ç&#x161;z[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oortrxJ+svrvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotqts pp 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Q[J[L<osoxtpJ+qurotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

svrvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<osrvrtJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9trspto pq rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstqvÄĄopovsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqwrpÄĄ

O^Kopqvtq p pMJ

osotttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqrovÄĄovprsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqstqqu t sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotrqrqÄĄovovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosruquÄĄoupppv

S[Č&#x2030;sprtrtq pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxsw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrqrq\Oj[LoxstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqrvov pp (

MS<opsqtwJ+qoqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oortrxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqoprpt q rMJ

tvsopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<opsprqJ+toqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

QĂžTquqxrv t sMJ

postssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvprÄĄopswsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrsquÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqpsxpq qv qMJ

oupppvÄĄoutvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqustÄĄoropruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqqtpqo qv qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupppvÄĄovrvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospprwÄĄotrvqs

Â&#x201E;9H^poprtrtq qs rMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twupo

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osoxsrJ+qurorqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

osoxsrJ+qurorqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osoxsrJ+qurorqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VQ[J[L< osoxsrJ+qurorqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oorttsJ+svrwqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oorttsJ+svrwqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsrpqJ+qoqsptSI[+L[H8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osoxsr J+qurorqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oorttsJ+svrwqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotoqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovptprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?23


qq…OU[:pxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSqr…OU[:>[Ńpr\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pq5\ÑTvwxO[+T[bJUqx…>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTqq…>Hvpp…QcHpr9[bTL.W[QqqOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpp\ƵT9Jpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<porpruJ+sqqvso„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpptqru pq 

9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<pprqqtJ+pstxsqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@„R[;OÅS[\H<potusvJ+srrorvt„Mj[I[+L[H\W\ĭ

„@[T[9tpvtrqt pr rMJ

oxpspu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLotrpruġouqqpu„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Korpqs p pMJ

pqputqġorpxqw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosropxġotqotx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qtsoqt t sMJ

pptprw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptprwġopqurw„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupopo(

>H^SJU]LíÊXƚ[„O\LSMS<oqsutoJ+qrtst„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprott pq (

porpruJ+sqqvso„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oxrtqtJ+poxrqt„Mj[

„OT]oqppppo q rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouqqpuġoxsstv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsqtwġ

QþTqvvpv u pMJ

opovrwġoptwpw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtvpxġovsqtw„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzppqqrq qv qMJ

9^\T9S[\Horpxqwġosotov„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopurvġ

U\Lppqqtwst qv qMJ

oppxrwġoqstps„Mj[(

S[ȉsprtosq pp pMJ

„9H^poprtosq qs rMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „Q[V;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<oqsvosJ+qruqoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oxrtpxJ+poxpvtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrtpxJ+

poxpvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpx qpqrqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<oqsvosJ+qruqoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[ P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L

„O\LSMS<oqsvosJ+qruqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/„J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<porpsxJ+sqqwpqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

porpsxJ+sqqwpqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(

\Oj[L<pprqpwJ+pstxqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„O\LSMS<oqsvosJ+qruqoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<porpsxJ+sqqwpqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louqpts„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowowpq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpoprtu„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrosw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqsuqo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lostwov„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovpppv„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxqwqx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppsptt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwst„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpvot„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossuou„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď24


qrÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ps\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;>HpxtP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHps9[bTL.W[QqrOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpq\ĆľT9JpvqĂ&#x2DC;]LS\W+X>H^­JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owssqvJ+rwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqtsrt pr 

9SG;S\Oj[L<oxrttuJ+popotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owssqv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtqqJ+rvpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uptupw ps rMJ

S[\HoutvruÄĄoxpspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprotwÄĄoqrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kostvqq p qMJ

orrxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsvrwÄĄoqrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžquqvrs t sMJ

9[TS[\HpoqwpxÄĄpptrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louporq(

M_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprxpwJ+qopxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqpru pr (

J+rwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovtwopJ+uposqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]oqqxs q rMJ

\JLotrorxÄĄovpqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportprÄĄopovqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTqvsstu u pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrxsuÄĄotqppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxooÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqqpusx qv qMJ

oropsqÄĄosrutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovottoÄĄowspooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqruw qv qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sprsvrp pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprsvrp qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprxpoJ+qopwttSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprxpoJ+qopwttS I[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprxpoJ+qopwttSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owssqoJ+rwptoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owssqoJ+rwptoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L< oxrupoJ+poppqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owssqoJ+rwptoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowospuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovovqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orprppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?25


qsÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpt9[bTL.W[QqsOX[;

M[=[LQ^W\TQpr\ĆľT9JpvqĂ&#x2DC;]9^Q­@jÄź]Ă&#x2DC;]Q[KO]M_\G­Q[cOU[:]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O^Ä­M_\G­Q[ P;O[LO^Ä­S.\O­P[O\H\I Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;S N^TbJ[T;bĹ&#x201E;Ç&#x2C6;S]M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovpvtpJ+rsropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optvru ps 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovtwrpJ+upptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovpvtp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<ouppptJ+rpsrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uptsvsu pt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxtrÄĄotqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupqquÄĄoutvts

O^Kousrsq p rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovqpÄĄoptwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpuppÄĄ

ǜžqvprto u pMJ

opquqtÄĄoropstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrvspÄĄoxoqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupott(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<pqtotpJ+pwqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oroxpt ps (

J+rsropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ousrrxJ+rvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrutt q rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowoqpuÄĄporsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovqpÄĄoqsxoq

QĂžTqwqqru u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpspwÄĄpprosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsvovÄĄorpwor

Ç?Çłppqqrorr qv qMJ

opoprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovotosÄĄowsoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppqrprqx qv qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sprssqo pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprssqo qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pqtposJ+pwqrqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ousrrpJ+rustSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ovpvssJ+rsroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[\Oj[L<ousrrpJ+rustSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp rtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqtposJ+pwqrqoSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqo qqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqtposJ+pwqrqoS

I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovpvssJ+rsroSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< ovtwqsJ+uppsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqtposJ+pwqrqoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpvssJ+rsroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowooqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoouorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovorquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?26


qtÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpu9[bTL.W[QqtOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQps\ĆľT9Jpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqrqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<oupuotJ+rptwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loroorx pt 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ousrsxJ+rvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LQ[J[L<ospvpvJ+qvppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqxqtrv pu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoopÄĄotqptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutwpqÄĄoxpsqo

O^Kowrouo p rMJ

orsoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpsqoÄĄpostotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqvtxpq u pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptosxÄĄopqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrxsxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupppv(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<pqqupoJ+pvqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ortsqq pt (

oupuotJ+rptwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otttrrJ+pxvt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqssst q sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqwsxÄĄovpospÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsrqxÄĄppqtqp

QĂžTqxopu u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsuruÄĄotrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwoxÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqqssps qv qMJ

ppqtqpÄĄpqpupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpostotÄĄpproqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqrqosw qv rMJ

poptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsrqoÄĄosowqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sprsppo pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprsppo qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ousrspJ+rvpoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqquoqJ+pvqrqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ousrspJ+rvpoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9 Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqquoqJ+pvqrqtS I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqquoqJ+pvqrqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqquoqJ+pvqrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<oupupxJ+rptwstS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oupupxJ+rptwstSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ousrspJ+rvpoSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pqquoqJ+pvqrqtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Q[J[L<oupupxJ+rptwstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpproowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orotpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?27


quÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpv9[bTL.W[QquOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpt\ĆľT9Jpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<otsqqsJ+roruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losorpp pu 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otttstJ+pxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqstpwJ+qrprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpqswqs pv rMJ

ovoxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsopÄĄopovotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Kopopxpo p sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoroptrÄĄosrvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrvrrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louppso(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<pqqwqxJ+pvrpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrvsw pu (

otsqqsJ+roruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otrvopJ+oqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqtqrr q sMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HopooswÄĄorpusoQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqvtsÄĄ

QĂžTqxrvtu u pMJ

oxsrooÄĄporsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpsqqÄĄoxtxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppqqtvtq qv qMJ

ouprpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptqtqÄĄoppvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqwsrrv u pMJ

U\Lppqrqwt qv rMJ S[Č&#x2030;sprrvtx pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprrvtx qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqqwqrJ+pvrppqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otttrvJ+pxpvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqqwqrJ+pvrppqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqqwqr J+pvrppqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<

otsqsoJ+roruttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otsqsoJ+roruttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otsqsoJ+roruttSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otttrvJ+pxpvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pqqwqrJ+ pvrppqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otsqsoJ+roruttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LououppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxpqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oropqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osroqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?28


qv…OU[:pxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSqw…OU[:>[Ńpw\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pv5\ÑTvwxO[+T[bJUs…OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTqv…>Hvpp…QcHpw9[bTL.W[QqvOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpu\ƵT9Jpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrorxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<otrxooJ+roqxtvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lototoo pv 

Q_T[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<otrutpJ+oqsrt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;\UO„O\LSMS<oprvqvJ+qoqut„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9vqtttqw pw rMJ

porrrx„Mj[-X[ġopoutwġoqsxpp„Mj[-X[ġosrpqrġ

O^Kopqww p sMJ

osoppq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hpossswġpprooo„Mj[-X[ġ

Ƕ¾qxqvr u pMJ

9^\T9S[\Hovssooġowqxpq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrwrxġ

S[ȉsprrssw pp pMJ

oxorouġpoqvtp„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqor(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LíÊ„@½Ɗ[„O\LSMS<opooqpJ+pwtrqo„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otqoqx pv (

otrxooJ+roqxtvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otsxqvJ+otwpvt

„OT]oquopx q sMJ

\Wĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvopġovoxpr„Mj[-X[ġowooqoġ

QþTqpoptru u qMJ

ouprru„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovssooġoxpsqs„Mj[-X[ġorpuooġ

Ǐdzppqrppqv qv qMJ

osoppqġotrpru„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowooqoġowtpqu„Mj[(

U\Lppqrrtpx qv rMJ

popsqx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopsqxġpptopw„Mj[(9[TS[\H

„9H^poprrssw qs rMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ„O\LSMS<opoopsJ+pwtrqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otrusrJ+oqsptSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[„O\LS

MS<opoopsJ+pwtrqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[

„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<opoopsJ+pwtrqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqps pupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<opoopsJ+pwtrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L< otrxpsJ+rororqtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrusrJ+oqsptSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

Q^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<

opoopsJ+pwtrqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Q[J[L<otrxpsJ+rororqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louoqpt„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovswrp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxtspu„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqppow„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqquso„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losrwqw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Loutprw„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxowsx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppqqpu„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxov„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvqv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osquqv„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď29


qw…OU[:pxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSqx…OU[:>[Ńpx\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pw5\ÑTvwxO[+T[bJUt…OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTqw…>Hvpp…QcHpx9[bTL.W[QqwOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpv\ƵT9Jpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxssO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ Q[J[L<ououtuJ+rpsq„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lououoq pw 

9SGOO\Oj[L<otswttJ+otutvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;\Wĭ\Oj[L<pqtsqvJ+pwsosvt„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

„@[T[9wwsutv px rMJ

possso„Mj[-X[ġpqpstrġopstou„Mj[-X[ġoqroprġ

O^Koprtvtp q pMJ

oupsooġoutxov„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquorġoroqoq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qpoxqw u qMJ

„Mj[(9[TS[\Houpsooġovrwrt„Mj[-X[ġosouosġ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqqu(

MčQ]LíÊQ_T[„O\LSMS<oqoqqxJ+qprotqt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louorpv px (

ououtuJ+rpsq„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<ourqqxJ+qswt„Mj[

„OT]oqutwr r pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsqotġopoutp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howqxqoġ

QþTqpotrpv u qMJ

osooqu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupvpxġovowrp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzppqrqstx qv rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotquowġovoqov„Mj[-X[ġosrwopġoupsoo

U\Lppqrsqrp qv rMJ

otrorx„Mj[(

S[ȉsprrprw pp pMJ

„9H^poprrprw qs rMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

.W;H[S[@ʼn„O\LSMS<oqoqssJ+qprproSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otswswJ+otusoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<

oqoqssJ+qprproSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouousvJ+rpsprvtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[ \W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otswswJ+

otusoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L <ouousvJ+rpsprvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[bjbJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lottwqo„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovssrt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxtoqo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqovpq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqqqss„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losrsrq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lousvsq„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxosts„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpppwqo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opptpp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrro„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqro„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď30


qxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qo\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;>HvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqo9[bTL.W[QqxOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpw\ĆľT9Jpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwsxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovossrJ+rswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovoupt px 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ourptwJ+qsusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<pqrstoJ+pvtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqpqrto qo rMJ

oxpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqtptÄĄoupurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koptswpt q pMJ

pqpsotÄĄorprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrptpÄĄotqrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpotosx u qMJ

ppsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxtoÄĄopqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqsx(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsqxJ+qtqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousutw qo (

ovossrJ+rswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovssqoJ+tsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqvttsu r pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoupurqÄĄoxsprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsspxÄĄ

QĂžTqpprotv u qMJ

opoustÄĄoptwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutxqqÄĄovsspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqrrwqv qv rMJ

9^\T9S[\HorprtuÄĄortwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoprspÄĄ

U\Lppqrsxso qv rMJ

oppttsÄĄoqsopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sprqwqv pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprqwqv qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsqqJ+qtqqsvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovsspqJ+tsxroSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourptp J+qsuroSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsspqJ+

tsxroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr

ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsqqJ+qtqqsvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsqqJ+qtqqsvtS I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsqqJ+

qtqqsvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovosruJ+rswqqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ourptpJ+

qsuroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS

<orrsqqJ+qtqqsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovosruJ+rswqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqorpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosroruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opppptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?31


ro…OU[:pxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSrp…OU[:>[Ńqp\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qo5\ÑTvwxO[+T[bJUv…OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTro…>Hvpp…QcHqp9[bTL.W[QroOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpx\ƵT9Jpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvtsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ „Wń[<owqxpqJ+rvsq„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ](

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howotqo qo 

roqouo„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SG;S\Oj[L<ovsrqxJ+tsvsqt„Mj[

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+xtpqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;ǶP\Oj[L<pqrvpsJ+pwqt„Mj[

„@[T[9xrsvts qp rMJ

opourx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtxspġoxpspw„Mj[-X[ġppqwttġ

O^Kopvrxpt q qMJ

\JLoqsxqqġorsosr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopsrrqġoqqwqt„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qpprpt u qMJ

owrvoo„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpoqvprġpptpqp„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprpq(

.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊ1ġS[V[i[Q[J[L<otrqswJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovrqou qp (

I[+L[HO\G@„Wń[<owqxpqJ+rvsq„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oxpxtw

„OT]oqwtrqv r pMJ

I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;\JLotqsqsġovovov„Mj[-X[ġporqrsġ

QþTqpqwrw u qMJ

oqqwqt„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLorsosrġotqrqv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ǐdzppqrtptq qv rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoroqpqġosrwro„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoosqġ

U\Lppqrtusv qv rMJ S[ȉsprqtpv pp pMJ

„9H^poprqtpv qs rMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otrqspJ+roqosqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsrqqJ+tsvqtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<otrqsp

J+roqosqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L<otrqspJ+roqosqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otrqspJ+roqosqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ

„Wń[<owqxotJ+rvspsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[<owqxotJ+rvspsqtSI[+L[H H[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

ovsrqqJ+tsvqtSI[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L< otrqspJ+roqosqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„Wń[<owqxotJ+rvspsqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lottoqw„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovruss„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxsqqv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptxqo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqpstq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losquso„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lourxsx„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owtvoq„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpppoqw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovpw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqstrw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospsrw„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď32


rpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHqq9[bTL.W[QrpOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqo\ĆľT9Jpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<popspqJ+squrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxoqsw qp 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxpxouJ+xswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<popspqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLovtvtrÄĄporqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpupro qq qMJ

ouptprÄĄovooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsqqÄĄppqwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kopxrosw q qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqprroÄĄpqtwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovooopÄĄ

ǜžqpqpopp u qMJ

ovrxppÄĄoxorpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprru(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Q[J[L<ovtqooJ+ruppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowpwtt qq (

squrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<pqtvpuJ+pwtspvt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqxtpu r pMJ

opourrÄĄoqsxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsotrÄĄotqrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTqpqsupx u qMJ

opsrotÄĄorpqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopourrÄĄoptwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppqstps qv rMJ

owruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqttpÄĄoroqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lppqsrtp qv rMJ S[Č&#x2030;sprqqu pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprqqu qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ovtqprJ+ruppsoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ppprouJ+psrttvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxpwtxJ+

xswrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppprouJ+psrttvt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovtqprJ+ruppsoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<popsquJ+sqvpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<popsquJ+sqvpqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxpwtxJ+xswrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ovtqprJ+ruppsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<popsquJ+sqvpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppttqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqspsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?33


p„@DpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSq„@D>[Ńqr\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qq5\ÑTvwxO[+T[bJUx…OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTq…OU[:vpp…QcHqr9[bTL.W[Qp„@D

M[=[LQ^W\TQqp\ƵT9Jpvq W[+¾[\ļX\QH/rp…OU[:pxuQ[\S vwxsqp „T/M[9M[ J+xstvt <xtSWQj  \ÊbT[>L[ƆQ] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<oopqrpJ+svurqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtwoo qq 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ppppsoJ+psrqqqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+qopvt„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń-Q`HbR[;\JLovtvpwġppqrqt„Mj[

„@[T[9xqwvrt qr qMJ

-X[ġpqprpsġopsqrw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrqtġpqpstu

O^Koqpqqtp q rMJ

opqtsv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrttvġpopqrs„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsoo(

LOQ]LíÊK\LƊ[S[\H<poqstqJ+sqrtqqt„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxovqp qr (

oopqrpJ+svurqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;ÓƬ„O\LSMS<opqxrr

„OT]poswsr r qMJ

-X[ġoptwooġotqsou„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houptrwġoxtxow„Mj[

QþTqprqruo u rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposrtoġppqwrq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxppġ

Ǐdzppqspwrq qv rMJ

oqrwroġosoqpx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qpqswu u qMJ

U\Lppqspotr qv rMJ S[ȉsprpwtt po sMJ

„9H^poprpwtt qs qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<pppprrJ+psrqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<poqsstJ+sqrttSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­

S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV 99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pppprrJ+psrqtSI[+L[H

„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqs qtqvLíÊHS[\H<poqsstJ+sqrttSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<poqsstJ+sqrttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS „íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

oopqqsJ+svuptSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pppprrJ+psrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<poqsstJ+sqrttSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< oopqqsJ+svuptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotsqrt„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovqwtq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxrsrv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptpqx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqovoo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lospwsx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lourptx„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owsxpo„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppoqrv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqtxqu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvsu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osousu„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď34


q„@DpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSr„@D>[Ńqs\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qr5\ÑTvwxO[+T[bJUpo…OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTr…OU[:vpp…QcHqs9[bTL.W[Qq„@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqq\ƵT9Jpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<oqpsqvJ+tqprqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotopw qr 

9SG…H\HT„O\LSMS<oppqtrJ+pxrvqvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+qpttpqt„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLorspprġoupuor

„@[T[9popoxqw qs qMJ

„Mj[-X[ġortuoqġotqtpt„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotqptsġ

O^Koqrptqp q rMJ

oxrxtvġporprs„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpsroġoxtxov„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qprqssv u rMJ

oupuor„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptorxġoppspw„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsqs(

JUQ]LíÊUH\PV[\Oj[L<opopssJ+sxpprt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxtvot qs (

oqpsqvJ+tqprqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;/Ń„O\LSMS<oqovtx

„OT]ppsupw r qMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovoorxġoxpsro„Mj[-X[ġpqpqtvġoqqusw

QþTqpspsp u rMJ

ouprrp„Mj[-X[ġoxrxtvġppqrpo„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzppqsrpsu qv rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoroqrpġosrxpv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrxpvġ

U\Lppqspvtq qv rMJ S[ȉsprptst po sMJ

„9H^poprptst qs qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<opoprwJ+sxppqoSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<opprowJ+pxrwtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[ 9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<

opoprwJ+sxppqoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<opoprwJ+

sxppqoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L< opoprwJ+sxppqoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqpsqpJ+tqprvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(„O\LSMS<

opprowJ+pxrwtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ \Oj[L<opoprwJ+sxppqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqpsqpJ+tqprvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotrwrx„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovqstv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxroso„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsvrr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqorot„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lospstr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louqwoq„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owstps„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpotwso„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqttro„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrtp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoqtp„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď35


rÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qs5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHqt9[bTL.W[QrÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqr\ĆľT9Jpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osoxtvJ+tvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprxpt qs 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orprosJ+qsrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oqstqpJ+qrrorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsrwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqqporw qt pMJ

orposxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttqpÄĄotqsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Koqtwpr q sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovtuppÄĄowsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovstrpÄĄ

ǜžqpsopo u rMJ

popptqÄĄppswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxorqvÄĄpoqutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupssw(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<orrrpsJ+ttrqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lposvru qt (

\Oj[L<osoxtvJ+tvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;OT]pqsrtq r qMJ

oqsxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupuqwÄĄowroorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtvpsÄĄ

QĂžTqpsrxqr u rMJ

oupqswÄĄovosqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxrrÄĄporpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppqssstv qv rMJ

owroorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrstvÄĄpopptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppqsqssw qv rMJ S[Č&#x2030;sprpqrs po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprpqrs qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orrrotJ+ttrpttSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqstpsJ+qrroqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<orrrotJ+ttrpttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orrrotJ+ttrpttS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orrrotJ+ttrpttSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orrrotJ+ttrpttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ospopoJ+

tvsrvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqstpsJ+qrroqoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<orrrotJ+ttrpttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ospopoJ+tvsrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LospotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?36


sÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qt5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHqu9[bTL.W[QsÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqs\ĆľT9JpvqĂ&#x2DC;]-MS[@Tž]h[59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osowswJ+tvppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqssu qt 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ottopwJ+pputqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qxpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ottosoJ+ppvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppspsrw qu pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsprsÄĄouputrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovopqoÄĄ

O^Koqvpqt r pMJ

otqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqopxÄĄoupqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqpsrspr u rMJ

9^\T9S[\HouputrÄĄovopqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtsoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sprxqr po sMJ

ÄĄouputrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouputrÄĄovsoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoopr

O^SH/Q[J[Louptpr(

59[JU]\Oj[L<ottosoJ+ppvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpprwqv qu (

\Oj[L<osowswJ+tvppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otoqotJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]prspqt r rMJ

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpsqtJ+qsstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H

QĂžTqptpvs u rMJ

ovstsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqwooÄĄopspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpoprÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqstws qv rMJ

oxrxpoÄĄpqpsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupqotÄĄovortqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqsrpsp qv rMJ

oroqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqopxÄĄoutvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrxsx

Â&#x201E;9H^poprxqr qs qMJ

ÄĄotqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ottoppJ+ppurtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpspwJ+qssstvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottoppJ+ppurt SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottoppJ+

ppurtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ottorqJ+ppvqvtSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottorqJ+ppvqvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpspwJ+qssstvtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottoppJ+ppurt SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ottorqJ+ppvqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opttpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqquooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?37


tÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qu5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHqu9[bTL.W[QtÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqt\ĆľT9JpvqĂ&#x2DC;]-MS[@Tž]h[59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqsrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otsxrqJ+ppstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opovos

\Oj[LovowqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<otsxpo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otsxrqJ+ppstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppuqstr qu sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxqxJ+qtqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Koqwtstr r pMJ

oqsxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupvpxÄĄovsuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrqxÄĄ

ǜžqptutq u rMJ

osrrrvÄĄotqtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroxrxÄĄortsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sprupr po sMJ

opqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopprpqÄĄoqruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptrw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<ovowqrJ+srruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpxrr

qu O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqxpw qv (

J+ppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<ovstqwJ+uusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]psrwtt r rMJ

<ourqqrJ+rrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovowqrJ+srruo

QĂžTqpttssu u rMJ

.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLovorptÄĄoxrwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsqpÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqtppv qv rMJ

pqtursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrrrvÄĄotqtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lppqsrwrp qv rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoppprÄĄppswquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswquÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poprupr qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otsxqsJ+ppsrvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovstsqJ+uvpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsxqsJ+ppsrvt

SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovstsqJ+uvpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpx

qpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otsxqsJ+ppsrvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< ovstsqJ+uvpvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otsxqsJ+ppsrvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovstsqJ+uvpvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otsxqsJ+ppsrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

otsxqsJ+ppsrvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovowrvJ+srsrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

otsxqsJ+ppsrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovowrvJ+srsrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovstsqJ+uvpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovproxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosorotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?38


uÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qv5\Ă&#x2018;TvwxO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHqv9[bTL.W[QuÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqu\ĆľT9Jpvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqptsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovovrvJ+srqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opsurx

ovtwqrJ+usotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<ovsssq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

PSG]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovovrvJ+srqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqwssqw qv sMJ

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtqxJ+qtpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Kposwru r qMJ

pqpptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsorpÄĄoroxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžqptrwt u rMJ

9^\T9S[\HopsorpÄĄoqqsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLororooÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sprrq po sMJ

poquswÄĄppsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuor(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotpwsv\Oj[LovovrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

qv O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqoor qw (

J+ussvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<oxprrvJ+xswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ptruqt r rMJ

ovrusvJ+rtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovtwqrJ+usotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqpurqqw u rMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLowsurpÄĄporoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpstpÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqtqsv qv rMJ

ortrqpÄĄosrvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtoopÄĄorsptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqsstpw qv rMJ

ossoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutuoxÄĄowrrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poprrq qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovsstuJ+utqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxprtqJ+xsxrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovovroJ+srpsvt SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsstuJ+utqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovsstuJ+utqqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oxprtqJ+xsxrqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovsstuJ+utqqtSI[+L[H

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxprtqJ+xsxrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovovroJ+srpsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovovroJ+srpsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtwrvJ+uspqt SI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovovroJ+srpsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovsstuJ+utqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

ovtwrvJ+uspqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxprtqJ+xsxrqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovoxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?39


v„@DpxuQ[\S„T/M[9M[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSw„@D>[Ńqw\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qw5\ÑTvwxO[+T[bJUpt…OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTw…OU[:vpp…QcHqw9[bTL.W[Qv„@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqv\ƵT9Jpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ovtwooJ+urxtqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqspq

-\LjL]\Oj[L<oxprpsJ+xsvtvt„Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<owpwpoJ+vrqvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J„R[;

„@[T[9opppup p sMJ

\JLotpworġovtsos„Mj[-X[ġoxrwotġpqpsov„Mj[

O^Kpqsqqw r qMJ

-X[ġpqppssġoqqsqo„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoqtooxġorsqox

Ƕ¾qpuvsv u rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouowġoptwow„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqppssġ

S[ȉspqtxtp po sMJ

opqtrwġororox„Mj[(9[TS[\Hovsporġoxortt„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuqw(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<owpwpoJ+vrqvt„Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LíÊ

qw O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqpoto qx (

ovtwooJ+urxtqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„Wń[<owpqoqJ+rvpstvt

„OT]purrtq r rMJ

„WgP[;½„O\LSMS<oqtwtoJ+qspptvt„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL-Q`HbR[;

QþTqpvpopo u sMJ

-X[ġorsqoxġosrspo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpwppġovoqqr„Mj[

Ǐdzppqtrvq qv rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġosrspoġotqupo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howrosuġoxtxox

U\Lppqstqq qv rMJ

pqtttu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLouttrsġowrrot„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^popqtxtp qs qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<oxprouJ+xsvrvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<popqoxJ+pqpvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­ S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9„W+S „QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupw

qoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxprouJ+xsvrvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L <popqoxJ+pqpvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/

\Oj[L<oxprouJ+xsvrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<popqoxJ+

pqpvtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtvtqJ+urxrqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owpwoqJ+vrpsvtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[ \W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovtvtqJ+urxrqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxprouJ+xsvrvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owpwoqJ+vrpsvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<popqoxJ+pqpvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovotpu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxppoo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppqvtq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[ opsrqt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orttps„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louowqq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owqtrt„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hporxoo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqrttq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpspq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orsrpq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otptot„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď40


w„@DpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSx„@D>[Ńqx\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qx5\ÑTvwxO[+T[bJUpu…OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTx…OU[:vpp…QcHqx9[bTL.W[Qw„@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqw\ƵT9JpvqW[\OÊ]>H^­JU] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqopxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<owpvswJ+vrppqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orooqw

\Oj[L<popptsJ+pqpuqvt„Mj[I[+L[H9`\ġ9[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<owoupuJ+vspo„Mj[I[+L[H\9Ǣö„R[;„U[PL

„@[T[9oqsprr q sMJ

ovtrrtġppqptt„Mj[-X[ġoptwppġotqurq„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kpsruqw r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpttġpqpsop„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposrpwġ

Ƕ¾qpurttt u rMJ

owrqrxġpopopw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqrstsġortvru„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louputr(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<owoupuJ+vspo„Mj[I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊPSG]

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loroptu ro (

owpvswJ+vrppqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J„Wń[<owpttxJ+rvquso

„OT]pvrppw r sMJ

„O\LSMS<oqowosJ+qqutqt„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTqpvsvtr u sMJ

oupwrvġoxtxpp„Mj[-X[ġpqpprqġoprxst„Mj[(

Ǐdzppqtsxtr qv rMJ

ppqvqt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvtwġopqtrw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppqstwsr qv rMJ S[ȉspqtusp po sMJ

„9H^popqtusp qs qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<poppswJ+pqpupqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H„Wń[<owpttqJ+rvquqqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<posopsJ+prqxtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ „Wń[<owpttqJ+rvquqqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owourpJ+vssvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<poppswJ+

pqpupqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<posopsJ+prqxtSI[+L[Hprtuw popqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poppswJ+pqpupqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owourpJ+vssvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ \Oj[L<poppswJ+pqpupqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/

\Oj[L<owpvsoJ+vrotqtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owourpJ+vssvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owpvsoJ+vrotqtS I[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poppswJ+pqpupqtS I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

owourpJ+vssvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<posopsJ+prqxtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ LíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovopqo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxovos„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppqrtu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oprxqx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[ortppw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louosqv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owqprx

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hportos„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqrptu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpopt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrxpt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otppox„Mj[( Q[\S196

M[\ď41


x„@DpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSpo„@D>[Ńro\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]ro5\ÑTvwxO[+T[bJUpv…OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTpo…OU[:vpp…QcHro9[bTL.W[Qx„@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqx\ƵT9Jpvq.\@„Qg\L Q^SO^S\Jj[\XL[\L NT[X[S]9[\T9[M^@[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<owoupuJ+vspo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrupv

\Oj[L<porxtxJ+prqwqvt„Mj[I[+L[H„S[\XG]9SGL[;\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovqstqJ+tqqqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;

„@[T[9pvqqr r sMJ

orsqrsġoupxos„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovorouġoxptpp„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kpurorr r rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotpuruġouowsu„Mj[-X[ġoxrvqtġppqpst

Ƕ¾qpvqqu u sMJ

oxtxpr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLororqvġossppt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvpx(

Ñ\HMJ\Oj[L<ovqstqJ+tqqqqt„Mj[I[+L[H\ƻH]j[LíÊ9`\ġ9[

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortrto p (

owoupuJ+vspo„Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢöQ[J[L<ovsxqpJ+ruqptqt

„OT]pwqwsr r sMJ

-\H;Ě\Oj[L<pqtqtpJ+pxorvt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTqpwqtrt u sMJ

pqpppxġoqqrqt„Mj[-X[ġortpqxġotpxrr„Mj[

Ǐdzppquqrx qv rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrvqtġpoqxrt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxptppġ

U\Lppqttqp qv rMJ

osspptġoupxos„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsxpwġoppptq„Mj[(

S[ȉspqtrro po sMJ

„9H^popqtrro qs qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<posopsJ+prqxtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<porwsvJ+prqvpoSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½

OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprpspu pwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<posopsJ+prqxtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH

\Oj[L<porwsvJ+prqvpoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owourpJ+vssvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<

ovqssuJ+tqqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L< porwsvJ+prqvpoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<posopsJ+prqxtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L< ovqssuJ+tqqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owourpJ+vssvtS

I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqssuJ+tqqvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owourpJ+vssvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<posopsJ+prqxtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovqssuJ+tqqvtSI[+L[H

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L <porwsvJ+prqvpoSI[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Loutvqu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxorox„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppqooo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oprtrs„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orsvqp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louoorp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owpvss

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hporpox„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqqwoo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqouqo„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrtqo„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otovpq„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď42


po„@DpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSpp„@D>[ŃpO[QLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]p„QvwxO[+T[bJUpw…OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTpp…OU[:vpp…QcHp/=[.W[Qpo„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQro \ƵT9Jpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ \Oj[L<ovqtpuJ+tqrqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ospqrq

\Oj[L<porxpxJ+prqwro„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGOO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<oupuoxJ+qrqpvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;

„@[T[9pqopxp s sMJ

xttt„Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprtoġoqtorr„Mj[O[bS[

O^Kpwqsrx r sMJ

-X[ġortotrġotpwsv„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLouowoxġ

Ƕ¾qpvqvpu u sMJ

ovtqrwġowsstq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovsvqtġowrpqq„Mj[(

S[ȉspqtopx po sMJ

ppsvsq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxospxġpoquss„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvst(

\ƻH]j[\Oj[L<oupuoxJ+qrqpvt„Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LíÊ„S[\XG]

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lossutx q (

ovqtpuJ+tqrqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<outrtuJ+rstqt

„OT]pxquu r sMJ

W^9Q­[\Oj[L<pppsprJ+psttst„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<oxprpuJ+

QþTqpxrpw u sMJ

S[\Houpxroġowrpqq„Mj[-X[ġpqttosġoroutu„Mj[

Ǐdzppquptqq qv rMJ

ovooqr„Mj[-X[ġoxrvovġpoqxqp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lppqtpptt qv rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrpsxġpooxsu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooxsuġ

„9H^popqtopx qs qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<porxpoJ+prqwvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oupuoqJ+qrqSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­ „JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

poppouJ+pqpxsoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶL O[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń

O`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupuoqJ+qrqSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń 9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<porxpoJ+prqwvtSI[+L[Hq

suvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<poppouJ+pqpxsoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqp qrqtquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ovqtoxJ+tqrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 

K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<porxpoJ+prqwvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL  <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oupuoqJ+

qrqSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz 9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< poppouJ+pqpxsoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[TX=

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L< ovqtoxJ+tqrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqtoxJ+tqrtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupuoqJ+qrqSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovqtoxJ+ tqrtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<porxpoJ+prqwvtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oupuoqJ+qrqSI[+L[HL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poppouJ+pqpxsoSI[+L[H \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Q[\S196

M[\ď43


TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otorpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ppÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHq/=[.W[QppÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQp \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpworO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oupurqJ+qrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostoox

\Oj[L<popprwJ+pqqouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[\Oj[L<oxqooxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otrqrwJ+rosrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qrtpt t sMJ

xtutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<outsooJ+swrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

O^Kppopwss s pMJ

ovsvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvosÄĄoprwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorouqtÄĄ

ǜžqpvtoqq u sMJ

oxruswÄĄpqprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouovrrÄĄoutxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spqsvx po sMJ

ororsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotptpsÄĄoutrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossptq

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwpp(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ossrpxJ+twsptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotspsx r (

poprtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oupurqJ+qrrpt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppoqrqw s pMJ

ossrpxJ+twsptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<oxprsoJ+

QĂžTqpxspp u sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsrooÄĄoupxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovorsxÄĄ

Ç?Çłppquqvuo qv rMJ

otpworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotptpsÄĄouovrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lppqtpwqu qv rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoupxtvÄĄovorsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtspÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popqsvx qs qMJ

ÄĄoupxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupxtvÄĄovsqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttsv ÄĄotpworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<popprpJ+pqqosqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxqooqJ+poprsoSI[+L[H\QI^L

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<popprpJ+pqqosqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxqooqJ+poprsoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupuquJ+qrquoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqooqJ+

poprsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupuquJ+qrquoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ossrppJ+twsprqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oupuquJ+qrquoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<popprpJ+pqqosqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossrppJ+twsprqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqooqJ+poprsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowttpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?44


pqÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;sO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHs/=[.W[QpqÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQq \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq1Q[>H^I­]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvpxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ossrssJ+twsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otroor

oxqorsJ+poptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L<owpoooJ+vqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsxqpJ+ququtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqtoqoJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpvrvqv u sMJ

I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ospwrpJ+tvspqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Kppqpqst s pMJ

ouqoqsÄĄovsvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrpoÄĄpqtsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpwpprx u sMJ

otqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorottuÄĄorsxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;spqsrtw po sMJ

9[TS[\HoppotwÄĄoqrrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwrv(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<oqtoqoJ+tsouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrr s (

I[+L[HM^V½[9SG;S\Oj[L<ossrssJ+twsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]pppqosw s pMJ

tsouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<outsqtJ+sxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqqopwss v pMJ

outxqpÄĄoxrurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprspÄĄoqtotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłppqusorr qv sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrtrvÄĄotqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrtrvÄĄ

U\Lppqtqsts qv rMJ

pooxptÄĄppsvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvqxÄĄopqtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popqsrtw qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxqosxJ+poptrvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqtoprJ+tsosqtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[

\Oj[L<owoxtqJ+vpxtoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h] QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqtoprJ+tsosqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxqosxJ+poptrvtSI[+L[Hqsuw xppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owoxtqJ+vpxtoSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxqosxJ+poptrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqtoprJ+tsosqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqosxJ+poptrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqtoprJ+tsosqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outsrxJ+spopqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqosxJ+poptrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqtoprJ+tsosqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owoxtqJ+vpxtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoustrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotswsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owottt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?45


prÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;tO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHt/=[.W[QprÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQr \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuruO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oosptqJ+swspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louprpp t 

oustqxJ+rtoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswow

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ospxpxJ+tvsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rprups v sMJ

poqwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxptsrÄĄpqportÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwopÄĄ

O^Kppsurw s qMJ

\JLoqtpooÄĄorsrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprwopÄĄoqqpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpwrpr u sMJ

owrorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqusuÄĄppswssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxos(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<owposvJ+vqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrvop t (

J+qpqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oosptqJ+swspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ppqpwv s pMJ

oprotpJ+tosrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLowsrsuÄĄ

QĂžTqqotuqv v pMJ

orotqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsxpoÄĄosrqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ç?Çłppqutrq qv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorosovÄĄossqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutqpwÄĄ

U\Lppqtrppw qv rMJ S[Č&#x2030;spqsosv po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popqsosv qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owposoJ+vqptoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oustssJ+rtptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owposoJ+vqptoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oustssJ+

rtptSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owposoJ+vqptoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L <oosqovJ+swsqqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<oustssJ+rtptSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owposoJ+vqptoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oosqovJ+swsqqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owposoJ+vqptoSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oosqovJ+swsqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oustssJ+rtptSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouspsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppospwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotsssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HpoptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orpxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?46


psÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[QpsÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQs \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<poqqsoJ+sqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louprpp t 

<otpppuJ+txtuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pprrtu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<oxoxrtJ+xtqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?OS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rptsstq w sMJ

ovtotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrttwÄĄpqprrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrsqÄĄ

O^Kppuoqo s qMJ

oqqpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtppoÄĄorsrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqpwswrq u sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopououÄĄoptwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpoquÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spqrvrv po sMJ

opqtswÄĄorospwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsrowÄĄoxostvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxro(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<ousupvJ+rtqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrvop t (

J+pttprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<poqqsoJ+sqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pprptqt s pMJ

porrsxJ+srqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotprpwÄĄ

QĂžTqqprspp v pMJ

osrupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqppwÄĄovostvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoquÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqvtqu qv sMJ

osrupsÄĄotqwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrqpsÄĄoxtxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqtrvrx qv rMJ

pqtsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutpswÄĄowropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popqrvrv qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ousurpJ+rtrqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otppowJ+txtuvtSI[+L[H

99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[ @Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxoxqvJ+xtpttSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[\Oj[L<oxoxqvJ+xtpttSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;

99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousurpJ+rtrqtS

I[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otppowJ+txtuvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspu

pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otppowJ+txtuvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<poqqrqJ+sqtrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H <poqqrqJ+sqtrtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ousurpJ+

rtrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<poqqrqJ+sqtrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otppowJ+txtuvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppooqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotsotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwor

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoppqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqowqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orptspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?47


ptÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;vO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHv/=[.W[QptÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQt \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovturuJ+rusxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovoopw u 

orrqooJ+ttsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<oxpoqsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ousqotJ+rsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sooqp po pMJ

ppqottÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptwssÄĄotqxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqpsuÄĄ

O^Kppvtrsx s rMJ

ppqottÄĄpqprrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposroxÄĄppqusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpxsp u sMJ

poowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrptqÄĄortrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxtv(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<otpqotJ+txtwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrurr u (

xtspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovturuJ+rusxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ppspqsp s qMJ

ovrpstJ+rtsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLovtoroÄĄ

QĂžTqqqpptt v pMJ

oxtxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpopvÄĄoprvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłppqvpvst qv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsvprÄĄopqttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqxtvÄĄ

U\Lppqtsrtt qv rMJ S[Č&#x2030;spqrsqu po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popqrsqu qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orrptqJ+ttsxqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<orrptqJ+ttsxqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orrptqJ+ttsxqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovtuqwJ+rusxqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovtuqwJ+rusxqvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<oxporxJ+xtsttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovtuqwJ+rusxqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orrptqJ+ttsxqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtsov

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoovrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqosqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?48


pu„@DpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSpv„@D>[ŃwO[QLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]v„QvwxO[+T[bJUqs…OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTpv…OU[:vpp…QcHw/=[.W[Qpu„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQu \ƵTXĉpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsrsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ Q[J[L<otqwqsJ+rosost„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtptp v 

1ġSN[ǵL]9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<ousqttJ+rsvqt„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;XV­GQ[J[L<osqwpvJ+qwpoqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9spspxqo pp pMJ

oxpupp„Mj[-X[ġpqpoowġoqqorv„Mj[-X[ġorsvrtġ

O^Kppxsvq s rMJ

oxrtqwġppqosx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrtqwġpoqwox„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qpxpvqu u sMJ

ossrqv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossrqvġouqqpr„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqoqs(

LOQ]LíÊM_O­N[ǵL]\Oj[L<optqqsJ+tpsqpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxrttv v (

otqwqsJ+rosost„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ospsruJ+tvrvsqt

„OT]pptxtu s qMJ

OÅ-Q`HbR[;\JLorssppġouqqpr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovotsqġ

QþTqqqsxrw v pMJ

otpsrs„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotpqouġouossu„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzppqvqxuo qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoxpuppġoxtxso„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorosspġ

U\Lppqttox qv rMJ

ppswqsġopoxtu„Mj[(

S[ȉspqrppt po sMJ

„9H^popqrppt qs qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L 1ǚS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<optqpvJ+tpspttSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L

„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH \Oj[L<optqpvJ+tpspttSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<otqwrwJ+rospqoSI[+L[H

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<optqpvJ+tpspttSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ „J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<optqpvJ+tpspttSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otqwrwJ+rospqoSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousqsxJ+rsusvtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

otqwrwJ+rospqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ \Oj[L<optqpvJ+tpspttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louqxtr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowrtrw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpotqro„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opowoq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orpxto„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotrroo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtopp „Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpoorrw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqooqx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwsw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UH S[\HLb=/orovsw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxsq„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď49


pv„@DpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSpw„@D>[ŃxO[QLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]w„QvwxO[+T[bJUqt…OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTpw…OU[:vpp…QcHx/=[.W[Qpv„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQv \ƵTXĉpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ „O\LSMS<ororovJ+qsrx„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowsvrx w 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ospttpJ+tvsoto„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„O\LSMS<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;OÅ„O\LSMS<opqurxJ+qorvto„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9sqwrwpu pq pMJ

owrqtt„Mj[-X[ġpqtrqtġororsp„Mj[-X[ġorsvouġ

O^Kpqprxtt s sMJ

oxrtpsġpoqvtx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsxstġowsqro„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qpxqwss u sMJ

poowpq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoowpqġppsvou„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqotp(

JUQ]LíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]\Oj[L<oopvroJ+svsuqo„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporrsr w (

ororovJ+qsrx„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<optqrrJ+tpsrtvt

„OT]ppuvpo s qMJ

\W\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprqwġoqtpsq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqqsoġ

QþTqqrqvqr v qMJ

otprtu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLouospuġoutvop„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzppqvsqx qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\Hovsxroġowrqtt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqxpxġ

U\Lppqttupw qv rMJ

oxotqxġpoquts„Mj[(

S[ȉspqqwt po sMJ

„9H^popqqwt qs qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „;[dz;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<opqurpJ+qorvroSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oopvqrJ+svsuqtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[ @^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<

opqurpJ+qorvroSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[ „W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oopvqrJ+svsuqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt pvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<ororqpJ+qsrxrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT „JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oopvqrJ+svsuqtS

I[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS „íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oopvqrJ+svsuqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<ororqpJ+ qsrxrtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(„O\LSMS<opqurpJ+qorvroSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ„O\LSMS<ororqpJ+qsrxrtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oopvqrJ+svsuqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louqttw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowrpsq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lposwrs„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oposou„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orptts„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotqxos„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsupt

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxtxsq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppturq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprstr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orortq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtst„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď50


pwÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;poO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/=[.W[QpwÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQw \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<pqstqrJ+pwtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxsutq x 

;S\Oj[L<pqstqrJ+pwtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<ppsoptJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<ovsrssJ+uqrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpqtrrw pr pMJ

ovsxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqurrÄĄoprurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄororpuÄĄ

O^Kpqrrqqt t pMJ

oxrtopÄĄpqprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouorsvÄĄouturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpxrvto u sMJ

orototÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpotwÄĄousxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosssov

S[Č&#x2030;spqqsts po sMJ

ortqoqÄĄotprpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqppw(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[S[\H<potprxJ+ssppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqwrt x (

suprpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<porosuJ+prpxro

Â&#x201E;OT]ppvsqr s rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsssqÄĄouqrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovouqxÄĄ

QĂžTqqstv v qMJ

otprpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpotwÄĄouorsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłppqvtspr qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HouqrowÄĄovouqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquosÄĄ

U\Lppquqqs qv rMJ

ÄĄouqrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqrowÄĄovssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popqqsts qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<potptrJ+sspqpvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<porwrrJ+prsopvtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<porwrrJ+

prsopvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv

pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<potptrJ+sspqpvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<porwrrJ+prsopvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqstpuJ+pwttstSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<porwrrJ+prsopvtS

I[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<porpooJ+prqotSI[+L[H

XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pqstpuJ+pwttstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b; Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<potptrJ+sspqpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porwrrJ+prsopvtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpossrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?51


pxÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[QpxÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQx \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvqM[Ä&#x161;O[\L@­T[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<porxpsJ+prsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lposwpq po 

\Oj[LowsxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[S[\H<oxsoppJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxsprwJ+sppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owsxorJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqvqt ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<otporqJ+oprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<

O^Kpqtqsqx t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqrrtÄĄovtoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrpsÄĄpqtror

ǜžqpxsssr u sMJ

ÄĄotrosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroqtqÄĄorsuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;spqqpsr po sMJ

9[TS[\HopoxpvÄĄoqroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpsu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<owsxorJ+xvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpoqu

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqpxtp po (

sppsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<porxpsJ+prsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwprs s rMJ

xvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ovssrvJ+uqtqvt

QĂžTqqssqtp v qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutuppÄĄoxrssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqvÄĄoqtqot

Ç?Çłppqwupq qv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrvtoÄĄotrosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrvto

U\Lppquwqt qv rMJ

poovtqÄĄppsvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvopÄĄopquoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popqqpsr qs qMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<porxqvJ+prsqrqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxsoosJ+sppstSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<porxqvJ+prsqrqt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxsoosJ+sppstSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<porxqv J+prsqrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxsoosJ+sppstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owswtvJ+xvrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<porxqvJ+prsqrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <porxqvJ+prsqrqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owswtvJ+xvrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ovssroJ+uqtpoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porxqvJ+prsqrqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owswtvJ+xvrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orowoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?52


qo„@DpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSqp„@D>[ŃpqO[QLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]pp„QvwxO[+T[bJUqw…OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTqp…OU[:vpp…QcHpq/=[.W[Qqo„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQ po\ƵTXĉpvq

Q^W\TQMSO.\@„9[SO[\LS0J0ǚT.RX[O9S[0J „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<owsxrvJ+xxpt„Mj[ǚz[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpptopv pp 

ovpxtwJ+tquqqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊlj[H]„Wń[<owsvov

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„Wń[<owoqovJ+rvporo„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<

„@[T[9upport pt qMJ

oquo„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<oqtrrtJ+tsqoqt„Mj[I[+L[H\UO

O^Kpqvpur t qMJ

pqoxsp„Mj[-X[ġopruotġoroqqx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

Ƕ¾qpxsxpw u sMJ

9^\T9S[\Hopruotġoqpxpv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorotrpġ

S[ȉspqpwrr po sMJ

poqvosġppswos„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqpr(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotoxtt\Oj[Lowsxrw„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opovro pp (

J+rxquo„Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owsxrvJ+xxpt

„OT]ppwtwst s rMJ

ovpxtwJ+tquqqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<otppovJ+

QþTqqtqoru v qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowspspġpoqvrs„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxputqġ

Ǐdzppqwpwu qv sMJ

orstspġosqwts„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtqpvġorstpr„Mj[(

U\Lppqupsqr qv rMJ

ossssv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousxppġowqwqv„Mj[(9[TS[\H

„9H^popqpwrr qs qMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[W[K9„Wń[<owsutxJ+rxqsoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH„Wń[<owsutxJ+rxqsoSI[+L[Hqsuw xppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<owsxrpJ+xwuoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„Wń[<owsutxJ+rxqsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL TX=>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oqtrsxJ+tsqouoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL >[bLg9[SO[STL[

XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ovqoprJ+tquuoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L

XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owsxrpJ+xwuoSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ„Wń[<owsutxJ+rxqsoSI[+L[H \ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsxrpJ+xwuoSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqoprJ+ tquuoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[M^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otppqpJ+orrtSI[+L[HM^S[ @^L[9M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

owsxrpJ+xwuoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„Wń[<

owsutxJ+rxqsoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovqoprJ+tquuo SI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Loupspo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowpxts„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lporust„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtqpx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orosou„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotpvpu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovrsqw„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxsvtt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppssst„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqros„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtqot„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrtw„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď53


qpÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;prO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/=[.W[QqpÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQ pp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpprpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ovqorrJ+tqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqtqou pq 

owpusrJ+rvswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovqorr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ouptsuJ+qsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<ootuot

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqssurw pu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsqvÄĄpqprqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstroÄĄosrwro

O^Kpqxvr t qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtqqxÄĄorstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrwroÄĄ

ǜžqpxtprq u sMJ

opouqwÄĄoptxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxrtÄĄpqtqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spqptqq po sMJ

orotssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovstqrÄĄoxoupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqso(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ouptsuJ+qsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optqox pq (

J+tqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<oussttJ+rrtwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]ppxttts s rMJ

J+sxqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotoxqtÄĄovswqu

QĂžTqqttwqp v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqsrpÄĄovovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxrtÄĄoqpwtx

Ç?Çłppqwqxtt qv sMJ

otrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrrttÄĄpoooppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lppquqopu qv rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLouswswÄĄowqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopquqpÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popqptqq qs qMJ

ǜžO\ž/H/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwosJ+ qtsurvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ousssxJ+rrtwroSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpuruJ+rvsvtvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ousssxJ+rrtwroSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[ O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owpuruJ+rvsvtvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpuruJ+rvsvtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owpuruJ+rvsvtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqoquJ+tqvrqtSI[+L[H

W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouptrwJ+qsustSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;

9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovqoquJ+

tqvrqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpuruJ+rvsvtvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouptrwJ+qsustS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqswqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotprqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqswowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?54


qq„@DpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSqr„@D>[ŃpsO[QLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]pr„QvwxO[+T[bJUro…OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTqr…OU[:vpp…QcHps/=[.W[Qqq„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQ pq\ƵTXĉpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpotwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<oupuooJ+qsvso„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[optrpq pr 

<owpqrxJ+rvrxpvt„Mj[I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otrxpvJ+ppvqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;\WĭS[\H<

„@[T[9vwpwqq pv qMJ

ppqoqt„Mj[-X[ġoptxrwġotrpts„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqstwġ

O^Kqotvqv t rMJ

ppqoqtġpqprqx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposrqqġppququ„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qpxtpqq u sMJ

poovqv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqqxqwġortopr„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrow(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<otrxpvJ+ppvqt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊ-L^S[K[„Wń[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrssq pr (

oupuooJ+qsvso„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<ottsoqJ+rptqst„Mj[

„OT]pqotrq s sMJ

ppqorrJ+stqxqt„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLovswowġ

QþTqquruu v qMJ

pooopw„Mj[-X[ġpqoxroġoprtrw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzppqwsprw qv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsutvġopquqv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqvtuġ

U\Lppququu qv rMJ S[ȉspqpqpp po sMJ

„9H^popqpqpp qs qMJ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QÊ„Wń[<owpqrqJ+rvrwuoSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otrxpoJ+ppustSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[ „W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„Wń[<owpqrqJ+rvrwuoSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\L XO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oupttqJ+qsvqoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\L XO[TL[XO[„L/„Wń[<owpqrqJ+rvrwuoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<otrxpoJ+ppustSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[S

TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ  9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oupttqJ+qsvqoSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otrxpoJ+ppustS

I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oupttqJ+qsvqoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owpqrqJ+rvrwuoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otrxpoJ+

ppustSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lououpw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowpqoq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqwts„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqssqu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqtupt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotoxqs„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovquru„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxsoor„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpprutr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opptpr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsspr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospuou„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď55


qrÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ptO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxuP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/=[.W[QqrÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQ pr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SĆ&#x;[LR[Ă&#x160;[-Ç&#x192;^O[>]X\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<otrxpoJ+ppustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtrrp ps 

<owrvqrJ+rwsqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGOO\Oj[L<otrxpoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrrorJ+pqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½S[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqprsrw pw qMJ

ouqtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovowquÄĄoxpvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxquÄĄ

O^Kqqsvpo t rMJ

otowqwÄĄouopruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsowÄĄppqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpxswsv u sMJ

poooquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroupqÄĄosstsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrrt(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<otrrorJ+pqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orpupo ps (

ppustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otrptxJ+rotwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pqptopo s sMJ

poowsxJ+sqrotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLorsuorÄĄ

QĂžTqqvprtp v rMJ

oqpwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssquÄĄotpoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppqwtrpt qv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrsowÄĄpoqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpvquÄĄ

U\Lppqurptp qv rMJ

osstsxÄĄouqtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvtuÄĄopowrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spqxp po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popqxp qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrvrwJ+rwsqttSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otrxosJ+ppuroSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owrvrwJ+rwsqttSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S pqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrvrwJ+rwsqttSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqo qpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

otrxosJ+ppuroSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrvrwJ+rwsqttSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<otrqtuJ+pqptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

\Oj[L<otrqtuJ+pqptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otrxosJ+ppuroS I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrqtuJ+pqptSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<otrxosJ+ppuroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrvrwJ+rwsqttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otrqtuJ+pqptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouoqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowowouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LototqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxruovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?56


qsÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;puO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/=[.W[QqsÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQps \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<otrqrvJ+ppqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lortrps pt 

oxrqstJ+sppsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrqrv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ottvqwJ+qssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśPS[\H<oxqptv

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wsrtw px qMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqttsÄĄowrssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqpwÄĄoropouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqsrux t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrtxÄĄpoqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvruÄĄ

ǜžqpxsrst u sMJ

owqvroÄĄpoovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovpsÄĄppsutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsor(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<ottvqwJ+qssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ortvrs pt (

J+ppqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otsppuJ+rpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]pqqsvpu s sMJ

J+sorssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprrsÄĄoqtrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqqvtprv v rMJ

-X[ÄĄorssorÄĄotoxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouopprÄĄoutsqt

Ç?Çłppqxssv qv sMJ

owsoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtpsuÄĄowrssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppqurvrq qv rMJ

9[TS[\HoxoutsÄĄpoqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spqtto po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popqtto qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<oxrqtxJ+spqqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrqroJ+pppoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxrqtxJ+ spqqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxrqtxJ+spqqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottvsrJ+qtpvtS

I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otrqro

J+pppoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrqroJ+pppoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ottvsrJ+qtpvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otrqroJ+pppoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ottvsrJ+qtpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?57


qtÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pvO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/=[.W[QqtÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQpt \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq-Ç&#x192;^O[>]T\QT

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxqtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ottvorJ+qrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lostqrr pu 

<potwqpJ+ssrutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<outqqxJ+sqrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpvqoqr qo qMJ

ouquqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoxpsÄĄovtqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquqvÄĄ

O^Kquqspx t sMJ

otovruÄĄouootpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrtpÄĄpqprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpxrups u sMJ

ovoxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqutoÄĄorousoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;spqqrx po sMJ

ouquqqÄĄovsussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxoqÄĄotoxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsrp(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<outqqxJ+sqrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrxto pu (

ottvorJ+qrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouqppoJ+rrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqrssqp t pMJ

<owtwtoJ+rxrwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLorsurvÄĄ

QĂžTqqwqxqq v rMJ

oprtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorooswÄĄotoxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłppqxpupr qv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouootpÄĄoutsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouquqqÄĄ

U\Lppqusrx qv sMJ

otovruÄĄousvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossurpÄĄouquqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popqqrx qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<potwpsJ+ssrurtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<outqqqJ+sqqttSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottutuJ+ qrqoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outqqqJ+

sqqttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr

ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<potwpsJ+ssrurtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<potwpsJ+ssrurtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ottutuJ+qrqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<potwpsJ+ssrurtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V 8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottutuJ+qrqoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outqqqJ+

sqqttSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(

\Oj[L<ottutuJ+qrqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ S[\H<potwpsJ+ssrurtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< outqqqJ+sqqttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowoopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqssqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osospwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?58


qu„@DpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSqv„@D>[ŃpwO[QLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pv„QvwxO[+T[bJUr„@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqv…OU[:vpp…QcHpw/=[.W[Qqu„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQpu \ƵTXĉpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowtuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<outpsrJ+sqppvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottpqt pv 

\Oj[L<ootpooJ+sxqoqt„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owpsoxJ+vswpvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;ÓƬ

„@[T[9wqxtpsq qp pMJ

oxrrst„Mj[-X[ġpqprsoġoqtrrt„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqusxġ

O^Kqwpprt u pMJ

ossopqġotrrrp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossopqġotrrrp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qpxqupr u sMJ

ppsvop„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvopġopqutw„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqstw(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<owpsoxJ+vswpvt„Mj[I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊ1ġS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otqrso pv (

outpsrJ+sqppvt„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovqxrqJ+rtttto„Mj[

„OT]pqsspqu t pMJ

„Wń[<owtwosJ+rxrvpo„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń-Q`HbR[;\JLoutrsxġ

QþTqqxvw v rMJ

ovtqqu„Mj[-X[ġposrsoġpqtqot„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzppqxqvrr qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\Horooroġorsrpx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovosġ

U\Lppquswsp qv sMJ

opowowġoqqwqs„Mj[(

S[ȉspptxqx po sMJ

„9H^popptxqx qs qMJ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<outprtJ+sqotvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oototqJ+sxqotSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[

@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outprt J+sqotvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxpppr pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oototqJ+sxqotSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oototqJ+sxqotSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<oototqJ+sxqotSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outprtJ+sqotvtSI[+L[H Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpsoqJ+vswSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outprtJ+sqotvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[ Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oototqJ+sxqotSI[+L[HM^S[ Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owpsoqJ+vswSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lottors„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovtupx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoprpo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqwss„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqsorp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lostrso„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovpotr„Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxqspw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppqppo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqtxqx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqwro„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osooqr„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď59


qv„@DpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSqw„@D>[ŃpxO[QLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]pw„QvwxO[+T[bJUs„@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqw…OU[:vpp…QcHpx/=[.W[Qqv„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQpv \ƵTXĉpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowqwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ \Oj[L<owprosJ+vstrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousxqw pw 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owprosJ+vstrt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOS[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

soqrqt„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowsopvġpoqvoo„Mj[

„@[T[9xpqppx qq pMJ

QbXŃbR[;S[\Horsqtxġosqtsr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtrtoġ

O^Kqxtvts u pMJ

orovpoġossvpr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousutrġowqutu„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtqu(

MčQ]LíÊØOG[\Oj[L<orottxJ+tstwsvt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louoxrp px (

oxoqstJ+rxsxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;/ŃS[\H<oxpuorJ+

„OT]pqtrwqx t pMJ

O[bS[S[\Hoxpwpuġpqoxpt„Mj[-X[ġoprsssġoroops„Mj[(

QþTqqxsstt v rMJ

orsvpp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoprsssġoqpvqx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ǐdzppqxrwsv qv sMJ

9[TS[\Hpoqvssġppsvtq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qpxprsq u sMJ

U\Lppqutsx qv sMJ S[ȉspptupw po sMJ

„9H^popptupw qs qMJ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<oroupsJ+tstxqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpqtuJ+vstptSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oroups J+tstxqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oroupsJ+tstxqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

owpqtuJ+vstptSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtutxJ+pqupvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owpqtuJ+vstptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

oroupsJ+tstxqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxtutxJ+pqupvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotsurw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovtqqr„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpooxpt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqssw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqrurt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lossxss„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovoutv„Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxqoqq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpppvps„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqttrr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqsrs„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortuqv„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď60


qwÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qoO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/=[.W[QqwÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQpw \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowoqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxttrxJ+pqqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsuor px 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxttrxJ+pqqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<potrpuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotouqwÄĄovsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqsqpqp qr pMJ

ouqvssÄĄovpoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpsÄĄoqpvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqppsrpp u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrtswÄĄpooppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovpsÄĄ

ǜžqpwtwsr u sMJ

ousurvÄĄowqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqvpuÄĄorovqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtts(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<otruqwJ+ppttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loutvqu qo (

ssquuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HS[\H<oxsvqrJ+spsqpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqurtrq t pMJ

oxrrrrÄĄpqprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvqxÄĄossotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTroqqsp v sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtsosÄĄorsvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossotsÄĄotrspx

Ç?Çłppqxsxtt qv sMJ

oqoorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxpsÄĄpqtpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppqutxrq qv sMJ

9[TS[\HovsvsuÄĄoxovsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spptrv po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popptrv qs qMJ

Ç?ÇłO\ž/H/\Oj[L<oroosxJ+ tssusqt ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxsvrwJ+spsqttSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<otruspJ+ppuqqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxttrqJ+pqqsoSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ S[\H<oxsvrwJ+spsqttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V

\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otruspJ+ppuqqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxttrqJ+pqqsoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxttrqJ+

pqqsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

otruspJ+ppuqqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovswqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpootpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosstswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovoropÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxpuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppprpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?61


qxÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qpO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/=[.W[QqxÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQpx \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pptptwJ+putsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howsopv qo 

J+pprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[\Oj[L<owprqvJ+vsxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<ootqsvJ+sxqvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚS[\H<poqupvJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pouqtqu qr sMJ

-X[ÄĄoqootoÄĄotrssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqwpqÄĄpoopqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqprqvqo u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrtwÄĄppqurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvpoÄĄ

ǜžqpwsppv u sMJ

oqqvstÄĄorsvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louquqq(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<otrtqr

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovsvov qp (

M_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pptptwJ+putsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;OT]pqvrqrs t qMJ

srqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovsurqÄĄppqoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpoqw v sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqoxprÄĄoprsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoquÄĄpqprts

Ç?Çłoootv p pMJ

opqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqurxÄĄpooutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lppqvstp qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;sppsxtu po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poppsxtu qs qMJ

Ç?ÇłO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txpsrt ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<otrtpuJ+ppqtoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owprqoJ+vswtoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V

\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrtpuJ+ppqtoSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqs qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrtpuJ+ppqtoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

owprqoJ+vswtoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrtpuJ+ppqtoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L <pptptoJ+putsptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owprqoJ+vswtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<pptptoJ+putsptSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otrtpuJ+ppqtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pptptoJ+putsptSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owprqoJ+vswtoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovssrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoopqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

pqputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoutxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HoxpqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppoxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?62


roÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qqO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:vppÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/=[.W[QroÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQqo \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovpqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optqruJ+qptuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrpqv qp 

M_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optqruJ+qptuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ppotrrJ+sstxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLorswotÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popwqusw qs sMJ

oqputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqosÄĄotovpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kqptpopv u rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrqtÄĄpoqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpwtuÄĄ

ǜžqpwqpqu u sMJ

osswpwÄĄouqwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvtuÄĄopovstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqusx(

I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<owpqoqJ+vstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrvtx qq (

\Oj[L<oqtqooJ+tsqupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HS[\H<

Â&#x201E;OT]pqwqxrt t qMJ

ouqwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovppprÄĄoxpwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxprÄĄ

QĂžTrprwps v sMJ

ototswÄĄottxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqtÄĄppqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoopptr p pMJ

pooproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorovtuÄĄosswpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppqvpot qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;sppsusu po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poppsusu qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owpqpuJ+vsupoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS

JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<posussJ+psprqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X

9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpqpuJ+vsupoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<posussJ+psprqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L

9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <owpqpuJ+vsupoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posussJ+psprqtS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpqpuJ+vsupoSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<posussJ+psprqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owpqpuJ+vsupoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <optqqxJ+qptusqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<posussJ+psprqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[ 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optqqxJ+qptusqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <owpqpuJ+vsupoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optqqxJ+qptusqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

posussJ+psprqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ 

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqprooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxowruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orssrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?63


rp„@DpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSp.V[i>[ŃqrO[QLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qq„QvwxO[+T[bJUw„@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTp„@Dvpp…QcHqr/=[.W[Qrp„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQqp \ƵTXĉpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoutoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ „O\LSMS<orsvrpJ+qust„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopxos qq 

1ġSP[ÍMJ9SG„9gTO„O\LSMS<orsvrpJ+qust„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

pprwopJ+suqppt„Mj[I[+L[H„WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsouġ

„@[T[9ppoqxq qt sMJ

oqtxpv„Mj[-X[ġorspswġotouto„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

O^Kqputptt u sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsupsġowrxsw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtsowġ

Ƕ¾qpvtxpr u sMJ

pooutpġppsvpw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxowrqġpoqwpt„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvpv(

LOQ]LíÊM_O­P[ÍMJ\Oj[L<posttoJ+psposvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqxqo qr (

\Oj[L<ossosvJ+twtwtqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;.j^Ɛ[LS[\H<

„OT]pqxquru t qMJ

oqtssx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqxouġowrurx„Mj[-X[ġpqtpssġ

QþTrqpuq v sMJ

ottxotġoutqrx„Mj[-X[ġoxrrqqġpoqutv„Mj[(

Ǐdzooqqsq p pMJ

owrurx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquqsġpooutp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppqvptps qv sMJ S[ȉsppsrrt po sMJ

„9H^poppsrrt qs qMJ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<postsqJ+pspoqvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LS

JU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^Ŧ S[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<postsqJ+pspoqvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<postsqJ+pspoqvtS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L XO[„L/\Oj[L<postsqJ+pspoqvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ \ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<postsqJ+pspoqvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/„O\LSMS<orsvssJ+qustrqtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<postsqJ+pspoqvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<orsvssJ+qustrqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotrott„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovrurx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxtrrp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[Lpqoxos„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqotq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Losrsop„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Loutpps

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxosso„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppopqx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqrxsx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqowsx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsosq„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď64


p.V[ipxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qsO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/=[.W[Qp.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqq \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x201E;@DpxuQ[\S vwxtqq /bS/ J+rttqt <pxxSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouqwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otqwopJ+rotutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpporou qr 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osrxsvJ+twtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½S[\H<pptvppJ+svxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppqrtru qu rMJ

ovtsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqusvÄĄoprspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxotÄĄ

O^Kqpwrqw u sMJ

oxrrqoÄĄpqpspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwtpÄĄoutqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpvrsss u sMJ

orowqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLototpsÄĄoustsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxop

S[Č&#x2030;sppsoqs po sMJ

ÄĄotouqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvss(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opovoqJ+qosroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqorw qs (

otqwopJ+rotutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oupotpJ+qssso

Â&#x201E;OT]qoqrrt t rMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLorswspÄĄouqxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpqopÄĄ

QĂžTrqtrsx v sMJ

otouqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototpsÄĄottwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłoorrqt p pMJ

9^\T9S[\HouqxrrÄĄovpqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvtuÄĄ

U\Lppqvqopx qv sMJ

ÄĄouqxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqxrrÄĄovsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsutp

Â&#x201E;9H^poppsoqs qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoutsJ+qospoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoutsJ+qospoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoutsJ+ qospoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opoutsJ+qospoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L <otqwptJ+rotvrqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoutsJ+qospoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otqwptJ+rotvrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqotowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lousvpw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxoosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?65


q.V[ipxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSr.V[i>[ŃqtO[QLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qs„QvwxO[+T[bJUpo„@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTr„@Dvpp…QcHqt/=[.W[Qq.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqr \ƵTXĉpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ousuruJ+rspsqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppsrtu qs 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oupoptJ+qsrpo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO„R[;„U[PLS[\H<pptwooJ+svpqrqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9ppqssxsw qv rMJ

oqttqo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houroooġovtssx„Mj[-X[ġpossqvġ

O^Kqqopotq v pMJ

ossqsoġotruqo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoqtwtsġorsppx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qpvwr u sMJ

opqwov„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopovrtġoqqvou„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwpq(

59[JU]LíÊ„SOH]„O\LSMS<orovssJ+qtutqt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpppprt qt (

ousuruJ+rspsqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovpuowJ+tqwro„Mj[

„OT]qpqors t rMJ

-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqpxġoxrrpx„Mj[-X[ġpqpspxġ

QþTrrrpru w pMJ

pqtpsp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLossqsoġotruqo„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzoossp p pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpooutqġppsvqx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvqxġ

U\Lppqvqtpw qv sMJ S[ȉspprvps po sMJ

„9H^popprvps qs qMJ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ„O\LSMS<orovtxJ+qtvroSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupoowJ+qsqtqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ „O\LSMS<orovtxJ+qtvroSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<

orovtxJ+qtvroSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<orovtxJ+qtvroSI[+L[H

9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ousuqxJ+rsprstS I[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oupoowJ+qsqtqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ„O\LSMS<orovtxJ+qtvroSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ousuqxJ+rsprstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotqros„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovqwsw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxstrx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[Lpqoppq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqproo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Losquox„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lousrqp „Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owtusv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpotrrv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqrptx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqootv„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqtp„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď66


r.V[ipxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;quO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qtÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/=[.W[Qr.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQ qs\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvqĂ&#x2DC;]bR[\;L]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovrvtpJ+ruqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqqpp qt 

PSG]9SGOO\Oj[L<ovptrpJ+tqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;S[\H<pprutsJ+suqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ovpsrt p rMJ

pqoxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprsopÄĄoqtwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Kqqpsvtw v pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprsopÄĄoqpuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroxopÄĄ

ǜžqpurxpw u rMJ

poqwsqÄĄppswovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwrx(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Q[J[L<ossqtrJ+qxtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqoqpr qu (

ovrvtpJ+ruqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovtqpuJ+utxqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqpvrr t rMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxruÄĄpoqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpxtqÄĄ

QĂžTrsxqs w pMJ

orspouÄĄosqrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqttrtÄĄorsxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłootsro p pMJ

ossxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustqvÄĄowqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lppqvropr qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;spprsr po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popprsr qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ossqsvJ+qxtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ossqsv J+qxtvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ossqsvJ+qxtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ovrvsrJ+ruqqqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ovrvsrJ+ruqqqvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovptqtJ+ tqusqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ossqsvJ+qxtvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrvsrJ+ruqqqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxspssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?67


s.V[ipxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qvO[QLQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]quÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/=[.W[Qs.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQ qt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvq

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototrpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovtwroJ+rvpstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqtwrv qu 

PSG]Q[J[L<otswrsJ+rptovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rvpstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovtvotJ+vpptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opxtqpw q qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotosrpÄĄovstswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpxÄĄpqpsrt

O^Kqqrqrpx v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxqpÄĄoqpupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtttpÄĄ

ǜžqpuwru u rMJ

pooqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopowqoÄĄoqoqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;spprotq po sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqwroÄĄoroxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtoprÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxou(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotosrp\Oj[LoxrrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqtqsw qv (

<ovtpsoJ+utvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovtwroJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qrpsrp t rMJ

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[S[\H<potqoqJ+ssqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

QĂžTrssvpq w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxrvÄĄossrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourotrÄĄovprpp

Ç?Çłopstr p pMJ

orsxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrqqÄĄotrvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrvswÄĄ

U\Lppqvrtr qv sMJ

pqoxqpÄĄpqtprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustpxÄĄowquovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popprotq qs qMJ

oxoxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<otswqvJ+rpsxtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovtvpxJ+vpqqvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtvpx J+vpqqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otswqvJ+rpsxtoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otswqvJ+rpsxtoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otswqvJ+rpsxtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VQ[J[L<ovtwqrJ+rvpssoSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovtwqrJ+rvpssoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtptsJ+utwqvtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otswqvJ+ rpsxtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovtwqrJ+rvpssoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotptppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqotoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpostsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?68


t.V[ipxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSu.V[i>[ŃqwO[QLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qv„QvwxO[+T[bJUpr„@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTu„@Dvpp…QcHqw/=[.W[Qt.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqu\ƵTXĉpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ovswptJ+rusxsvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprsov

„S[\XG]9SG;S\Oj[L<ovtvptJ+vpqpvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L„R[;K`\HS[\H<oxsqqpJ+sprtqt„Mj[I[+L[HU_T

„@[T[9pqsssp r qMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourppxġpooqrv„Mj[-X[ġpqoxqsġoprrtu

O^Kqqstusx v qMJ

ppqvox„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvsxġopqwsq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxrr(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊ9`\ġ9[Q[J[L<ouqrrxJ+rrpwpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

qv O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[opsrtp qw (

ovswptJ+rusxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<ovrpsoJ+uwsvt

„OT]qsppqw t sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovstssġppqott„Mj[-X[ġoqoqpxġotrvrp

QþTrtqtp w pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqottġpqpssr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposstrġ

Ǐdzopptx p pMJ

owquotġpooutv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqqustġorsuoo„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qptruv u rMJ

U\Lppqvrxsw qv sMJ S[ȉsppqvsp po sMJ

„9H^poppqvsp qs qMJ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ouqrrqJ+rrpwSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtvowJ+vpqSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<ouqrrqJ+

rrpwSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ „L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouqrrqJ+rrpwSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ovswowJ+rusxroSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovtvowJ+vpqSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ouqrrqJ+ rrpwSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovswowJ+rusxroSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotpppu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovputx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxrrtq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

ppsxqs„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqoppr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lospsqq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lourprr„Mj[(KL^ S[\UH„WŁ[owstoo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hposptp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqqopo„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsxpp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqpos„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď69


u.V[ipxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSv.V[i>[ŃqxO[QLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qw„QvwxO[+T[bJUps„@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTv„@Dvpp…QcHqx/=[.W[Qu.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqv \ƵTXĉpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ Q[J[L<ovovssJ+rtwtvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqoxrw

Q`;\US[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<ovrptqJ+uxpvt„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

rtqtqt„Mj[I[+L[HL[;„R[;U_T„Wń[<owowruJ+rvspvt„Mj[

„@[T[9ppttqsp s qMJ

ġoxqoru„Mj[-X[ġpqoxqwġoqpuov„Mj[-X[ġorsorrġ

O^Kqquqwpw v qMJ

oxrrqpġppqpoq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrqpġpoqvpp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qptqo u rMJ

ostosw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostoswġourpst„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourooo(

I[+L[HI[\>LíÊ„S[\XG]Q[J[L<ouqwtqJ+rrrpsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

qw O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqrttv qx (

ovovssJ+rtwtvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<ourvoxJ+

„OT]qtwqt t sMJ

I[+L[H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLortopsġourpst„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovprtw

QþTruqsx w pMJ

otostw„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotosoxġottwoo„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzopqtpv p pMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoxqoruġpooqsx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroxtpġ

U\Lppqvssqv qv sMJ

ppswqqġopovrp„Mj[(

S[ȉsppqsrp po sMJ

„9H^poppqsrp qs qMJ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

XSM;H[S[„íQ[Q[J[L<ouqwssJ+rrrpqvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ourvoqJ+rtqrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­ „JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+SO`V 99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrpstJ+uxSI[+L[HO`V

99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourvoqJ+rtqrtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X 9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<

ouqwssJ+rrrpqvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L<ouqwssJ+rrrpqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovovtxJ+rtxrtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[ M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovrpstJ+uxSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ouqwssJ+rrrpqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V

O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovovtxJ+ rtxrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotovpx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovpros„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxqxtt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

ppstqx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[optvpu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lospoqu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Louqvrv„Mj[(KL^ S[\UH„WŁ[owspos„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hporvtt„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqpupt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opstpt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvov„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď70


v.V[ipxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSw.V[i>[ŃroO[QLQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qx„QvwxO[+T[bJUpt„@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTw„@Dvpp…QcHro/=[.W[Qv.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqw \ƵTXĉpvq

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosssO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<ottxttJ+rqpxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsuox

9SG>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<ourvqqJ+rtrqt„Mj[I[+L[HL[;Q[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;;ĚQ[J[L<ouprpsJ+rqtrt„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ

„@[T[9pqxpuqw t qMJ

owrwsp„Mj[-X[ġpqtpsrġoqtwpr„Mj[-X[ġorsoqsġ

O^Kqqvtvrx v rMJ

oxrrqrġpoqvpu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstrwġowrxrp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qpsquqv u rMJ

poovos„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovosġppswot„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louroqv(

Ñ\HMJLíÊQ`;\US[Q[J[L<ouovouJ+rqrvst„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorqxst ro (

ottxttJ+rqpxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H\9Ǣö\Oj[L<otpusrJ+orqvt

„OT]qutqq t sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqptopġoqturx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourqpoġ

QþTrusorw w qMJ

otosss„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottvtrġoutpsu„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzoprtpx p pMJ

9^\T9S[\Hovturpġowrwsp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquorġ

U\Lppqvsxq qv sMJ

oxpopxġpoqxqr„Mj[(

S[ȉsppqpqo po sMJ

„9H^poppqpqo qs qMJ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

XSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ourvptJ+rtrvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9Q[J[L<ouovooJ+rqrvroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍ

OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourvptJ+rtrvtS

I[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ouoooxJ+rqqoqqtSI[+L[H

„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<ouovooJ+rqrvroSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\LQ[J[L<ouoooxJ+rqqoqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/Q[J[L<ouovooJ+rqrvroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Ɯ]

„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ouoooxJ+rqqoqqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourvptJ+rtrvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouoooxJ+rqqoqqtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ouovooJ+rqrvroS I[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovoxow„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxquoo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppsprr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH „OL^9[optrqo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Losouro„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Louqrsp„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owrvow

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hporrtx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqpqpw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsppw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orprpq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxqx„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď71


w.V[ipxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]roÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHp/b=L.W[Qw.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqx \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pvqÇ?\Äš>[Q[@­L[Ă&#x2DC;]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[I\;S9SLObRgOLJU­LO[bS[Â&#x201E;LbĂ&#x160;[¢WOM^S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<osqvtxJ+qwropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqssr

9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<otpvpwJ+orrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tuptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvssJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpqttpv u qMJ

S[\HovpssrÄĄovtutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvqxÄĄoprrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqqxqssq v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrquÄĄpqptppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvsvÄĄ

ǜžqprsxrx u rMJ

opqxpxÄĄorpoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotortqÄĄousstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

S[Č&#x2030;spppwx po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstrqÄĄotosrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourotr(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<otqppuJ+rosrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losqtss rp (

osqvtxJ+qwropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<orrrtwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qvqpw u pMJ

qvpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLortotoÄĄourqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTrvpwqv w qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtwowÄĄotosrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotortqÄĄottvsv

Ç?Çłopstpr p pMJ

outpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourqrtÄĄovpssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppqvtrrp qv sMJ

-X[ÄĄostproÄĄourqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourqrtÄĄovtprt

Â&#x201E;9H^popppwx qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<otqpoxJ+rosrpqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

otqpoxJ+rosrpqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqwprJ+qwrotqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otqpoxJ+rosrpqtS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqwprJ+qwrotqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otpvpoJ+orrptSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<osqwprJ+qwrotqtSI[+L[H

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otqpoxJ+rosrpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovotpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosoqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oroxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?72


x.V[ipxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]rpÂ&#x201E;QvwxO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHq/b=L.W[Qx.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQp Q^XSSQpvr.\@@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^S9[= SI  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtttJ+qrtoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osouqr

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<orrsrtJ+tupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opquosJ+qottsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqusvso v rMJ

oqtvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrooÄĄovtvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpostrqÄĄ

O^Krosxpv v sMJ

osstouÄĄotrxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwosÄĄorsooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqprpptp u qMJ

opqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovrtÄĄoqquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourppx(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Q[J[L<osptpvJ+qvtwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

rp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotqsor p (

oqrtttJ+qrtoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oprrpvJ+tppsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qvtxpr u pMJ

O½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLoutprxÄĄoxrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptqpÄĄ

QĂžTrvtupv w qMJ

pqtpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosstouÄĄotrxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłoptto p pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoovprÄĄppswqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswqrÄĄ

U\Lppqvtvtt qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;spppstx po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popppstx qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqttwJ+qottrqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<osptoxJ+qvtwroSI[+L[H99­C

S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqttwJ+ qottrqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpv

pwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osptoxJ+qvtwroSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtswJ+qrtovtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT

Â&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osptoxJ+qvtwroSI[+L[HP[H

H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtswJ+qrtovtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osptoxJ+qvtwroS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtswJ+qrtovtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqttwJ+qottrqtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtswJ+qrtovt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osptoxJ+

qvtwroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovoppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opstqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqosquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orotqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?73


po.V[ipxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p@^LvwxO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qpo.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosoxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<pqqwoqJ+pwrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostqpo

9SG;S\Oj[L<pqqwoqJ+pwrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<pppwts

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<ovstquJ+ussrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpotpqu w rMJ

-X[ÄĄoprrtsÄĄoqtwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsoorÄĄ

O^Krqpppt v sMJ

oprrtsÄĄoqpttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpotwÄĄostqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpqrrps u qMJ

ppswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpst(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtrsxJ+qsrtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqsqp q (

J+strwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<pospouJ+psrrt

Â&#x201E;OT]qwtux u pMJ

\JLowrxruÄĄpoqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqpruÄĄpqoxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrwrsu w qMJ

osqqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtvqwÄĄortpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłoqsso p pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLousstrÄĄowquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqxtuÄĄ

U\Lppqwqps qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;sppppsw po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poppppsw qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtrspJ+qsrtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtrspJ+

qsrtqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqqvtrJ+pwrorqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtrspJ+qsrtqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q -9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

poovroJ+pqrxstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<pqqvtrJ+pwrorqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poovroJ+pqrxstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<posotwJ+psrptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqqvtrJ+pwrorqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqtrspJ+qsrtqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poovro J+pqrxstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouppttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtqo Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqooroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oropqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?74


pp.V[ipxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q@^LvwxO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qpp.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQrQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosooO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<poowrvJ+pqsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otsqsu

<opqppsJ+qosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<poowrvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovspoqJ+urrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqtrsw x rMJ

I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotorruÄĄovstrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrsoÄĄ

O^Krrroqr w pMJ

ovptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtsÄĄoqpttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžqpptss u qMJ

owrxtoÄĄpoortqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxsrÄĄoqorsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sppwrv po sMJ

owquoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqxtwÄĄorpppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqpo(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<ovspoqJ+urrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

q O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqtro r (

pqsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owttrqJ+rxrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]qxtrs u pMJ

ovsuquJ+usvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<osssrvJ+txpqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrxpptu w qMJ

pqptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortpstÄĄosstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrsvÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqpspp p pMJ

oqtvssÄĄortpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosstsuÄĄotrxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lppqwuqv qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqoxtsÄĄpqtpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousstqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poppwrv qs qMJ

ovtqrsÄĄoxppqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqpqvJ+qossrvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owttquJ+rxrxrtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;

H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owttquJ+rxrxrtS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu

wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqpqvJ+qossrvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqp

qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqpqvJ+qossrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poowroJ+pqsqptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<ovspptJ+urspvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovsupwJ+usustSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poowroJ+pqsqptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqpqvJ+qossrvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovspptJ+urspvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqpqs Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?75


pq.V[ipxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;tĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r@^LvwxO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHt/b=L.W[Qpq.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQsQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovsqosJ+uruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourwpv s 

ppsqtrJ+purwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otpqsoJ+oqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sxqprs po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLovstsoÄĄppqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krssurp w pMJ

pqpoopÄĄoprrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqptoÄĄpqpttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpppsrt u qMJ

oproppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqupqÄĄpoovrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqrt(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<otpqsoJ+oqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqtsx s (

ovsqosJ+uruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ouqvrqJ+rrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qposxtx u qMJ

<osstrxJ+txptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<opspqoJ+tprsrt

QĂžTrxsxsu w qMJ

oqortwÄĄotsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourspoÄĄpoososÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqqrru p pMJ

9^\T9S[\HposuorÄĄppqwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswtpÄĄ

U\Lppqwport qv sMJ

oqquqvÄĄorstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spptqu po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popptqu qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ppsqsuJ+purwtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<pooptxJ+pqqupqtSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsqsuJ+purwtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqp

qqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pooptxJ+pqqupqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[H H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovsqpwJ+uruttSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppsqsuJ+purwtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpqrpJ+oqqrqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L <pooptxJ+pqqupqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otpqrp J+oqqrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pooptxJ+pqqupqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< ovsqpwJ+uruttSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpqrpJ+oqqrqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovsqpwJ+uruttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppsqsuJ+purwtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otpqrpJ+oqqrqtSI[+L[H

XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pooptx J+pqqupqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxouqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouosoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvqx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?76


pr.V[ipxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s@^LvwxO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHu/b=L.W[Qpr.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQtQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otprsqJ+oqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourwpv s 

pooqsuJ+pqqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<owqtrtJ+wqtpt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxrqJ+qvqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oqsuqvJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqrsppw pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLortqqpÄĄoursrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Krttxqt w pMJ

orrxtqÄĄotorstÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorroÄĄottvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqportr u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqqqoÄĄpoospvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorppsvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sppqpu po sMJ

ppsxoxÄĄopovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourroo(

\Oj[L<oqsuqvJ+tspvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqtsx s (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otprsqJ+oqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]qppsutr u qMJ

tspvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HS[\H<porxtpJ+ssotqt

QĂžTrpoqvrv w rMJ

ovpuroÄĄoxqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoowÄĄoqpttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqrqtq p pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrtpÄĄppqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrtpÄĄpoqvtt

U\Lppqwpsrv qv sMJ

ostrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostrpoÄĄoursrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poppqpu qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<pooroqJ+pqqwtoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxqtJ+qvpxsvtSI[+L[H 9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<owqtqvJ+wqsttSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxqtJ+qvpxsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< pooroqJ+pqqwtoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqtqvJ+wqsttS I[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otprrsJ+oqtpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pooroqJ+pqqwtoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqsusqJ+

tspwqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqtqvJ+wqsttS

I[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otprrs J+oqtpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pooroqJ+pqqwtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqsusqJ+tspwqtS

I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otprrsJ+oqtpoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqsusqJ+ tspwqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otprrsJ+oqtpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pooroqJ+pqqwtoS

I[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<oqsusqJ+tspwqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owqtqvJ+wqsttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?77


TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoustrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprrq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppswsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqsxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?78


ps.V[ipxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSpt.V[i>[ŃwØ]KSQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]t@^LvwxO[+T[bJUqq„@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpt„@Dvpp…QcHw/b=L.W[Qps.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQu Q^XSSQpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<ooqvroJ+swro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrvtx t 

outvqqJ+sssso„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SG\O\Ɔ„O\LSMS<oprupsJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„R[;OS]j[LQ[J[L<ovsrotJ+rurwuo„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;

„@[T[9tvtxqt pq sMJ

-X[ġpqtqpoġoqtvtt„Mj[-X[ġorrxtoġotorso„Mj[(

O^Krvwtr w qMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstsvġowrxtq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtwstġ

Ƕ¾qxttsp u pMJ

poovsvġppsxpq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxpqouġporosq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrqs(

LOQ]LíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]\Oj[L<owqupvJ+wqv„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxqrro t (

qpqptqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ooqvroJ+swro„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

„OT]qpqsrsv u qMJ

\JLpqpuptġoqtwrq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoursttġowsoso„Mj[

QþTrpptqw w rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLottvrtġoutpsp„Mj[-X[ġoxrrtwġpoqwos

Ǐdzoqsqp p pMJ

owsoso„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquqpġpoovsv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppqwpwrr qv sMJ S[ȉspotxt po sMJ

„9H^popotxt qs qMJ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owqurpJ+wqvrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<outvptJ+sssqqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½ OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9

„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owqurpJ+wqvrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH \Oj[L<outvptJ+sssqqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owqurpJ+wqvrtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L XO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ooqvqqJ+swqxsoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<outvptJ+sssqqtS I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<owqurpJ+wqvrtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H

Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ooqvqqJ+swqxsoSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[

8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< owqurpJ+wqvrtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooqvqqJ+swqxsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< outvptJ+sssqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lousprv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowtwqx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpppsoo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[opqtsx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orrwtw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lottupo„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owoxru „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpoouqv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppsssv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opprsw„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqstsp„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrptu„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď79


pt.V[ipxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;xĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]u@^LvwxO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHx/b=L.W[Qpt.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQv Q^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorruO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<poqooqJ+srppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowsoqp u 

otsqowJ+prurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ppqqqoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxqpqqJ+possrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqqpqqw pr sMJ

ourtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvpoÄĄovtxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqwqxÄĄ

O^Krwpsso w qMJ

otorroÄĄottvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsotÄĄpqpuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqxpusu u pMJ

ovpvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprotqÄĄorpqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;spottts po sMJ

9[TS[\HourtpvÄĄovtrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstorÄĄotorru

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrsv(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<outwouJ+ssuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpopvpx u (

ptsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<poqooqJ+srppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;OT]qprsosq u rMJ

oststxJ+qxrwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLortqttÄĄ

QĂžTrppsrpx w rMJ

oprsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvtuÄĄotorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłoqtpp p pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLottvrvÄĄoutpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourtpvÄĄ

U\Lppqwqqqs qv sMJ

otorroÄĄousstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostrswÄĄourtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popottts qs qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<outvtxJ+ssupqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<popxttJ+srppqtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 \Oj[L<otsqopJ+pruptSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ S[\H<popxttJ+srppqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outvtxJ+ssupqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otsqopJ+pruptSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<popxttJ+srppqtS I[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<outvtxJ+ssupqtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<popxttJ+srppqtS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otsqopJ+

pruptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owotso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpooqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?80


pu.V[ipxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;poĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v@^LvwxO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/b=L.W[Qpu.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQwQ^XSSQpvr\NS[SI

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwqwJ+rwrqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxsrru v 

<osssrrJ+txpqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovrxtqJ+urostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uupvpp ps sMJ

ÄĄoxrsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpurwÄĄoqtxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourtrv

O^Krxpurr w qMJ

ossvqpÄĄotspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossvqpÄĄotspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqwrwrp u pMJ

ppsxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxrsÄĄoprpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourspo(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<otsqtqJ+prwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppoutq v (

oxqqouJ+posuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwqwJ+rwrqqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpsrvru u rMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpxqxJ+qrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpsw

QĂžTrpqqppo w rMJ

ÄĄovtxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposusvÄĄpqtqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłoqtxtr p pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtvtvÄĄorrxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoowosÄĄ

U\Lppqwqux qv sMJ

opowosÄĄoqqursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spotqsr po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popotqsr qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<otsqsuJ+prwvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<osssquJ+txpqpoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <otsqsuJ+prwvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osssquJ+txpqpoS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwqpJ+rwrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<osssquJ+txpqpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osssquJ+

txpqpoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwqpJ+rwrqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otsqsuJ+ prwvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owqwqpJ+rwrqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osssquJ+txpqpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppoupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotswpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owopss

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opotttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?81


pv.V[ipxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w@^LvwxO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/b=L.W[Qpv.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQxQ^XSSQpvrUjL59[JU]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SUjL>H^­Q[W½Ă&#x201C;H-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<outvotJ+rssrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lposupv w 

\OU[:[\Oj[L<osowruJ+tvsqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGO\G@

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rssrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ouqoqpJ+rpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqoposw pu pMJ

owsopqÄĄpoqwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqrpwÄĄpqporxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krpopspt w rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtxpxÄĄortrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprspxÄĄ

ǜžqwppo u pMJ

oustovÄĄowqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporppvÄĄppsxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursrr(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ossstvJ+txprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptqru w (

\Oj[L<ovsopvJ+urpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<outvotJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qptrsro u rMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<pptxqwJ+pvpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrpqtxq w rMJ

oprspxÄĄoqtwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorrxtoÄĄosqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłorwrv p pMJ

oqpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpqtqÄĄostsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppqwqxsx qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;sposxrr po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poposxrr qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<osowqxJ+tvsqpoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<osowqxJ+tvsqpoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osowqxJ+tvsqpoSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspu pwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

outvpwJ+rsssqoSI[+L[HTX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

osowqxJ+tvsqpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<outvpwJ+rsssqoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osowqxJ+tvsqpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outvpwJ+rsssqoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovsopoJ+urproSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<outvpwJ+rsssqoSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osowqxJ+tvsqpoS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppoqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtvsw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?82


pw.V[ipxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x@^LvwxO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/b=L.W[Qpw.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpoQ^XSSQpvr Q^W\TQMSO.\@QXSQ.ÇśS[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ottopoJ+rptuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsvso x 

\OU[:[\Oj[L<osoxopJ+tvsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ortwpr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ottopoJ+rptuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vrtpq pv pMJ

J+pqpuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<owpwroJ+wvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž

O^Krppvro w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrstÄĄossvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourupvÄĄovpwou

ǜžqvqstw u pMJ

ortrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvtuÄĄotsqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowspssÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sposuqq po sMJ

pqposwÄĄpqtqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustpqÄĄowqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž

oxprotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourstt(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorrv\Oj[LoxrsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqrtqu x (

J+tvpupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<ouqosuJ+rpqtqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpurpqs u rMJ

<otqvoxJ+otwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<oxtwpq

QĂžTrprrutr w sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotorrvÄĄovsuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsrpÄĄpqpvor

Ç?Çłorpvpr p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqposwÄĄoqpupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtxrsÄĄ

U\Lppqwrrqr qv sMJ

pootqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopppprÄĄoqotqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poposuqq qs qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoprprqÄĄorprovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtsspÄĄ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ortwotJ+tvpttvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ortwotJ+

tvpttvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ortwotJ+tvpttvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottoqsJ+ rptutvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ottoqsJ+rptutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(

\Oj[L<ouqorxJ+rpqrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottoqsJ+rptutvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ortwotJ+tvpttvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtrts Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?83


px.V[ipxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;prĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po@^LvwxO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/b=L.W[Qpx.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQppQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otppopJ+ropwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqsvso po 

Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<ospupvJ+twppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otoqstJ+txtvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpvpuqo pw pMJ

stvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLovsupvÄĄppqrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krpptus w rMJ

pqpotvÄĄoprsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrorÄĄpqpvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqutot u pMJ

oprpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqutuÄĄpoowrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtpv(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ortwpvJ+tvpuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oppuqx po (

otqvpqJ+otwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otppopJ+ropwpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpvqwpw u sMJ

ÇśP\Oj[L<owpwrtJ+wvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<ovoqruJ+

QĂžTrpspssu w sMJ

oqotrwÄĄotsqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoururuÄĄpootrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłorqtsp p qMJ

9^\T9S[\HposvqpÄĄppqxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptooxÄĄ

U\Lppqwruto qv sMJ

oqqusuÄĄorstowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sposrpp po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poposrpp qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ospupoJ+twottSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ospupoJ+twottSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ospupoJ+ twottSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otpotsJ+ropwS I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ospupoJ+twottSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otpotsJ+ropwSI[+L[H W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otqvouJ+

otwroSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otpotsJ+ropwSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ospupoJ+twottSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsxtw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?84


qo.V[ipxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;psĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^LvwxO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHps/b=L.W[Qqo.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpqQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otopstJ+qxtstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsurr pp 

\Oj[L<otosrvJ+opstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otowtwJ+opqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9woqttu px pMJ

qsvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLortspvÄĄourutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Krpqrxrw w rMJ

-X[ÄĄorrxtwÄĄotorrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorswÄĄottwoo

ǜžqupust t sMJ

poqxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqsooÄĄpootsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;sposoo po sMJ

9[TS[\HpptoprÄĄopowrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtrv(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<ospuoqJ+twortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optutr pp (

otoqqxJ+txtusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otopstJ+qxtstqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpwqtpq u sMJ

\Oj[L<ovoqqpJ+stuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<oupotqJ+

QĂžTrpstqrw w sMJ

S[\HovpwsoÄĄoxqsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppouÄĄoqpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłorrrtx p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrstoÄĄppqrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrstoÄĄ

U\Lppqwsopq qv sMJ

orprrvÄĄosttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosttpuÄĄourutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poposoo qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<otostqJ+oqqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

otostqJ+oqqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otoqooJ+qxttroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otostqJ+oqqqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otoqooJ+ qxttroSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovoqprJ+stuqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<otoqooJ+qxttroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsuop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?85


qp.V[ipxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ptĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pq@^LvwxO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/b=L.W[Qqp.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQ prQ^XSSQpvrÇ?ÇłM_\G­Q[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<otqrqwJ+roswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqssss pq 

ouqrpsJ+rpvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otowsr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TO\Oj[L<otsuoxJ+pstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wprpxtq px sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpvsoÄĄoroopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Krprpvtu w rMJ

orsoorÄĄotorrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottwowÄĄoutqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqtstw t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoosqÄĄowsqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvpsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sporuto po sMJ

oxprsvÄĄporqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourttw(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<otosqrJ+oppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrvsq pq (

J+oppuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otqrqwJ+roswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpxqqu u sMJ

ouporwJ+qsusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<otssooJ+prxtqt

QĂžTrptrorp w sMJ

ourvppÄĄowsqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtropÄĄoqtwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłorsqx p qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrtooÄĄpoqxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsursÄĄowsosv

U\Lppqwsrqw qv sMJ

poowtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoowtrÄĄpptorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poporuto qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<otosptJ+ootoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ouqrqwJ+rpwrqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­

Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S \QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otqrsrJ+

rosxroSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpp pqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otosptJ+ootoSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqrqwJ+rpwrqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otosptJ+ootoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<ouqrqwJ+rpwrqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; \Oj[L<ouqrqwJ+rpwrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otqrsrJ+ rosxroSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otosptJ+ootoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otqrsrJ+rosxroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ouqrqwJ+rpwrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orppqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqot Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?86


qq.V[ipxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pr@^LvwxO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/b=L.W[Qqq.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQ psQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ouptsvJ+rqtxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorsqro pr 

\Oj[L<owpopuJ+vstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outqrqJ+srotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqttxp qo sMJ

pqwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLortssvÄĄourvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krprtosr w sMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtwqrÄĄotorrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosorÄĄottwpu

ǜžqtptqr t sMJ

outqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourvqwÄĄovpxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;sporrrx po sMJ

-X[ÄĄosttsvÄĄourvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourvqwÄĄovttss

O^SH/Q[J[Lourupv(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<ouqqrwJ+rpuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orpxsx pr (

otstrrJ+psrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ouptsvJ+rqtxqo

Â&#x201E;OT]qqopxo v pMJ

\Oj[L<otsrqsJ+prwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<otrxqvJ+

QĂžTrpuwqs w sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpxpqÄĄowootvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxsoÄĄoprstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłortopo p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtppÄĄpqpvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwpuÄĄ

U\Lppqwsurw qv sMJ

oprqquÄĄorpsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotosorÄĄoustsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^poporrrx qs qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstqpÄĄotorrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ouqqtqJ+rpvqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ouptsoJ+rqtxqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U

Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L <owpooxJ+vsstqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsrpuJ+prwqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ouptsoJ+rqtxqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqqtqJ+rpvqtS

I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpooxJ+vsstqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqqtqJ+rpvqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqqtqJ+rpvqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouptsoJ+

rqtxqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<owpooxJ+vsstqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ouptsoJ+rqtxqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otsrpuJ+prwqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ouqqtqJ+rpvqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ouptsoJ+rqtxqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owpooxJ+vsstqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrwox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppprqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osooroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?87


qr.V[ipxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^LvwxO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x201E;@DpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/b=L.W[Qqr.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQptQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovrssvJ+rupuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrxsx ps 

Ă&#x2DC;OG[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outprtJ+sqwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<otrwtqJ+pqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xwqts qp sMJ

outqsoÄĄoxrtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwotÄĄoroosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Krpspvsq w sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossxptÄĄotsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossxptÄĄ

ǜžqssvrw t sMJ

pooxpuÄĄpptotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptotwÄĄoprqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loururu(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<owoxqpJ+vsqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osortt ps (

ovrssvJ+rupuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owqrssJ+wpwqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqppttt v pMJ

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ottssrJ+qttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrpusupw x pMJ

ourvssÄĄowopppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposwovÄĄpqtrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłortwr p qMJ

otsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwroÄĄorsopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppqwsxsq qv sMJ

9[TS[\HopowtwÄĄoqqvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sporoqw po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poporoqw qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owoxpsJ+vsqrtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<poqotxJ+prpprqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrwssJ+

pquqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owoxpsJ+vsqrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<poqotxJ+prpprqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owoxpsJ+vsqrtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovrtopJ+rupvqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poqotxJ+prpprqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<owoxpsJ+vsqrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

Q[J[L<ovrtopJ+rupvqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrtopJ+rupvqtS I[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ( \Oj[L<otrwssJ+pquqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owoxpsJ+vsqrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovrtopJ+rupvqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqotxJ+prpprqt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LououprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ororruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrspr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?88


qs.V[ipxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSqt.V[i>[ŃpwØ]KSQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pt@^LvwxO[+T[bJUp.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTqt„@Dvpp…QcHpw/b=L.W[Qqs.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpuQ^XSSQpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<oxptsuJ+soqwro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotrupv pt 

O\G@\Oj[L<owqqqxJ+wptpvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆS[\H<oxptsuJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HÑ]\H\Oj[L<ouqsqsJ+rpxrvt„Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ɛ[L-Q`HbR[;

„@[T[9xqosopx qq sMJ

-X[ġoprtppġoqtwrw„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Horsoqpġ

O^Krpsrwrw w sMJ

oprtppġoqputt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpsrsġostupu„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qsqqq t sMJ

pptotr„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louruts(

>H^I­]LíÊØOG[\Oj[L<popxtoJ+prwso„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ostoqo pt (

soqwro„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;\Oƃ^Ŧ\Oj[L<ottrsvJ+qrrqt„Mj[

„OT]qqqpqto v pMJ

\JLowspqoġpoqxsw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxqstqġpqppst„Mj[

QþTrpvqspq x pMJ

osqqot„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoropopġorttpt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzostsu p qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLousuosġowqvsu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hporqsoġ

U\Lppqwtqso qv sMJ S[ȉspoqvpv po sMJ

„9H^popoqvpv qs qMJ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

O[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<popxsqJ+prwqoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ouqspvJ+rpxqoSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­ S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S

„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottrsoJ+qrptSI[+L[H „QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqspvJ+rpxqoSI[+L[H„QVO`V

\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LíÊH\Oj[L<popxsqJ+prwqoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<popxsqJ+prwqoS

I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/S[\H<oxpttxJ+soqxqtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJ

LíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottrsoJ+

qrptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<popxsqJ+prwqoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxpttxJ+soqxqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Louoqpv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowpxpo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lporssp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqsurp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqtxrx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotputp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovropv „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxqvov„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppotqw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqrsqx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqouqq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqrv„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď89


qt.V[ipxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^LvwxO[+T[bJUq.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/b=L.W[Qqt.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpvQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<ppppoxJ+stpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lourppo pu 

9SGOO\Oj[L<poppssJ+pqsvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<ppppox

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<ovoqstJ+sttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqsvso qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttqxÄĄossxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwprÄĄovpxtt

O^Krpstrqp w sMJ

orttqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxsrÄĄotsrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsrqpÄĄ

ǜžqrtwsp t sMJ

pqppttÄĄpqtrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousuptÄĄowqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spoqsu po sMJ

oxpsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvpp(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<pqsvpuJ+pxpusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrwtw pu (

J+stpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<ouqroxJ+rpuro

Â&#x201E;OT]qqrxst v pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotosrrÄĄovsvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtsuÄĄpqpwro

QĂžTrpwqu x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppttÄĄoqpvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoroppsÄĄ

Ç?Çłosprqo p qMJ

poousvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqstÄĄoqoutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lppqwttrp qv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoprrotÄĄorpsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtuqtÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popoqsu qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pqsvqxJ+pxpvqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^L

H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqrqrJ+rpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pqsvqxJ+pxpvqoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppppopJ+stpupoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqrqrJ+rpvtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqsvqxJ+pxpvqoS

I[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H <ppppopJ+stpupoSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqttsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovquqp Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?90


qu.V[ipxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qoĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv@^LvwxO[+T[bJUr.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/b=L.W[Qqu.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpwQ^XSSQpvrĂ&#x2DC;]L[;MÄ?Q] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oppprsJ+topuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqrrv pv 

M_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pqpossJ+pvsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovoproJ+stptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<ovsqrqJ+urrtt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popstoqr qs rMJ

oqovpqÄĄotssppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwquÄĄpooutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krptprw w sMJ

9^\T9S[\HposwspÄĄpproqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptprtÄĄ

ǜžqrrvrw t sMJ

oqqvrxÄĄorsttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvqw(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqrqoJ+qtsuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louqxqp pw (

\Oj[L<oppprsJ+topuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]qqsuso v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvqxÄĄppqsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrpwsoo x pMJ

pqpqouÄĄoprtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsqwÄĄpqpwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłosqost p qMJ

oprrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqwpoÄĄpooxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lppqwtwpu qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;spoqotu po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popoqotu qs qMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqrrtJ+qtsvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovopqrJ+stprtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orqrrtJ+qtsvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqrrtJ+ qtsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LS

MS<orqrrtJ+qtsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opppqwJ+topuptSI[+L[H\LQ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(

\Oj[L<ovopqrJ+stprtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqrrtJ+qtsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opppqwJ+topuptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotowtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqqqt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?91


qv.V[ipxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^LvwxO[+T[bJUs.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/b=L.W[Qqv.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpxQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<orovooJ+ttsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howpqtt pw 

ottwsqJ+rqpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<ovsppxJ+urotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqutptw qt rMJ

ÄĄourwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoqoÄĄoxqtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqpu

O^Krptrqs w sMJ

otostwÄĄottxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruppÄĄppqsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqrpwtx t rMJ

poovoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorptprÄĄostutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvss(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJQ[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqosr px (

oqoxsuJ+qqspuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<orovooJ+ttsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqtrrt v qMJ

\Oj[L<owpuruJ+vtwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLorttts

QĂžTrpxpvtt x pMJ

ÄĄoqpvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsosvÄĄotospqÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłosqwo p qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxruppÄĄporoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqtqvÄĄ

U\Lppqxott qv sMJ

ostutuÄĄourwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptpqtÄĄopoxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spopvst po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popopvst qs qMJ

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txpvro ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxtxJ+qqsqrqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ottwrtJ+rqpsqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^

;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V \W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovspppJ+urorqtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxtxJ+qqsqrqtS I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs

quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ottwrtJ+rqpsqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottwrtJ+rqpsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottwrtJ+rqpsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L< orovptJ+tttvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orovptJ+tttvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovspppJ+urorqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ottwrtJ+rqpsqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orovptJ+tttvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowovqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LototorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpwro Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?92


qw.V[ipxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSqx.V[i>[ŃqqØ]KSQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]px@^LvwxO[+T[bJUt.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTqx„@Dvpp…QcHqq/b=L.W[Qqw.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQ qoQ^XSSQpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ \Oj[L<osswstJ+txpwpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtwsp px 

9SG\O\Ɔ„O\LSMS<ortxsvJ+qvpuqvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+vtuqo„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě\Oj[L<owrxowJ+wtspt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9ppwtttw qu qMJ

owsrtu„Mj[-X[ġpqtsoxġoqtxpt„Mj[-X[ġorsotwġ

O^Krpstwrv w sMJ

oxruqsġpororx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvttġowsqpo„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qrqsu t rMJ

popopw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopopwġpptqop„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtw(

-ƆQ]LíÊ1ġSP[ÍMJ„Wń[<owqrpwJ+rwptpt„Mj[I[+L[H„SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowpqqp qo (

osswstJ+txpwpvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;„U[PL\Oj[L<owptss

„OT]qquorp v qMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpxowġoroptq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourwtoġ

QþTrpxttto x pMJ

otosqq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottxquġoutrsp„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzosrtu p qMJ

9^\T9S[\Howoqpsġowsrtu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwruġ

U\Lppqxrqw qv sMJ

oxptprġporrqs„Mj[(

S[ȉspopsrs po sMJ

„9H^popopsrs qs qMJ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ„Wń[<owqrrqJ+rwpttoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owptrvJ+vtuqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„Wń[<owqrrqJ+

rwpttoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[„L/„Wń[<owqrrqJ+rwpttoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osswtxJ+

txpwtqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osswtxJ+txpwtqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owptrvJ+vtuqtSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owqrrqJ+rwpttoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osswtxJ+txpwtqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotsurs„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loworqu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpopwtx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqrosu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqsrtu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotopox„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpsrt

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxppqs„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hposxss„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqpwst„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optorw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrutt„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď93


qx.V[ipxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qrĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qo@^LvwxO[+T[bJUu.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x201E;@DvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/b=L.W[Qqx.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQ qpQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ossvtsJ+txpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxspoo qo 

poqxrsJ+srroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGOO\Oj[L<ossvtsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ouowttJ+qrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqptsw qv qMJ

I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLortupwÄĄourxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovqosq

O^Krpssvpx w sMJ

otosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototquÄĄottxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqqsxq t rMJ

9^\T9S[\HourxooÄĄovqosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprrttÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spoppqr po sMJ

ÄĄourxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxooÄĄovtvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsuqp

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ouowttJ+qrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxorrx qp (

txpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otrpqwJ+rpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]qqutvqv v rMJ

owrwpwJ+wtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<owsrsqJ+xtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqorrsu x qMJ

ÄĄowoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprottÄĄopruoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxquÄĄ

Ç?Çłossqr p qMJ

oxrurwÄĄpqpxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottxspÄĄoutrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqxtts qv sMJ

orptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLototquÄĄousvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvpx

Â&#x201E;9H^popoppqr qs qMJ

ÄĄotosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<poqxquJ+srroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrwpqJ+wtpttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ S[\H<poqxquJ+srroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poqxquJ+srroS I[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poqxquJ+

srroSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouoxpoJ+qrwsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrwpqJ+wtpttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<poqxquJ+srroSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouoxpoJ+qrwsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoptoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovporx Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpostswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?94


ro.V[ipxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSrp.V[i>[ŃqrØ]KSQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qp@^LvwxO[+T[bJUv.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTrp„@Dvpp…QcHqr/b=L.W[Qro.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqqQ^XSSQpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<ouowouJ+qru„Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqopw qp 

oopotwJ+svsqqvt„Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<ouowou

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<ovoqouJ+stopvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<

„@[T[9orqsrx p qMJ

I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLoutspoġoxrutp„Mj[-X[ġpqpxrrġ

O^Krpsqxrx w sMJ

pqtsrp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLostosqġotsstu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ƕ¾qqrvsv t rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopostġpptqqu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptqquġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqu(

\Oj[L<ovoqouJ+stopvt„Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LíÊ-\LjL]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxtsqs qq (

J+qru„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<ourxorJ+rrtrqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]qqvtsqs v rMJ

owsrpuJ+xrtt„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<owqvorJ+wqqso„Mj[

QþTrqpppsq x qMJ

oroqps„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourxpoġowoqrt„Mj[-X[ġposxqsġ

Ǐdzosswsx p qMJ

ostosqġotsstu„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoqtxrwġorspqo„Mj[(

U\Lppqxwps qv sMJ

oprsov„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoppooxġoqqwqp„Mj[(

S[ȉspowpr po sMJ

„9H^popowpr qs qMJ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<oopotqJ+svsqpqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oopotq J+svsqpqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<

oopotqJ+svsqpqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L< ouowqpJ+qrurvtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovoqqoJ+stotqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouowqpJ+qrurvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oopotqJ+svsqpqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovoqqoJ+stotqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotrwsq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovttrt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpoppou„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqqqtt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqruos„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lostrpv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovousr „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxorrq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hposptq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqpotq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsqst„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxor„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď95


rp.V[ipxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qsĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^LvwxO[+T[bJUw.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTp.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/b=L.W[Qrp.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqrQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovoprxJ+ssxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotvpu qq 

opqrptJ+tosqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG;S\Oj[L<ovoprxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovqtosJ+tsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<owqurvJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9optttpq q pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowsqtqÄĄporppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxquoxÄĄ

O^Krpsttt w sMJ

orsprrÄĄosqrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqqtÄĄorturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqqxq t rMJ

ostvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousvrxÄĄowqxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrw(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ovqtosJ+tsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lposssr qr (

ssxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovpvroJ+rtqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwtpqp v rMJ

wqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<ovsurxJ+usotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

QĂžTrqpsxrw x qMJ

pqpqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopruqtÄĄoqtxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

Ç?Çłosttqu p qMJ

9^\T9S[\HopruqtÄĄoqpwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpttxÄĄ

U\Lppqxpoqw qv sMJ

porrtuÄĄpptqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spotq po sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popotq qs qMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<opqrovJ+tosqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovsurpJ+usorvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsurp J+usorvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opqrovJ+tosqvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opqrovJ+

tosqvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<opqrovJ+ tosqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovoprpJ+sswtoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ovqtpwJ+tsvrtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovoprpJ+sswtoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovqtpwJ+tsvrtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoovppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovoqsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqoutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?96


rq.V[ipxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qr@^LvwxO[+T[bJUx.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTq.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/b=L.W[Qrq.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqsQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovqstxJ+tsusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprqss qr 

\Oj[L<oqotpxJ+tqqutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovpvosJ+tquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqwrxrs r pMJ

rtvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotoupuÄĄovswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krprruqx w sMJ

ourxquÄĄovqpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprpoÄĄoqpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqqqsu t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowssrtÄĄpoowopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppspoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spoptp po sMJ

ousvttÄĄowqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprsroÄĄorpuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwto(

59[JU]\Oj[L<ovpvosJ+tquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpprstx qs (

ovqstxJ+tsusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovqstxJ+rtsusvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqxswpx v rMJ

\Oj[L<ovsuprJ+urxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ouspquJ+

QĂžTrqqqvrs x qMJ

oxrvqoÄĄpqpxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortuswÄĄostpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłotptr p qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoroqrtÄĄortuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpopÄĄotstpr

U\Lppqxpqrt qv sMJ

oqowqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqprpoÄĄpqtstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popoptp qs qMJ

9[TS[\HovtvrxÄĄoxpttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovsuqwJ+usoroSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oqotppJ+tqqurqtSI[+L[HO`V

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsuqwJ+

usoroSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqotppJ+tqqurqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqotppJ+tqqurqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ovputuJ+tqtttSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqstpJ+tsuqvtSI[+L[H

1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovputuJ+tqtttSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovqstpJ+tsuqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oqotppJ+tqqurqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovputuJ+tqtttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ 

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoorptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosstqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutwto

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqoropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?97


pX[7LpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSqX[7L>[ŃquØ]KSQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qs@^LvwxO[+T[bJUpo.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTr.V[ivpp…QcHqu/b=L.W[QpU[7LM[=[LQ^W\TQ qtQ^XSSQpvr W[+¾[\ļX\QH/rq.V[ipxuQ[\S vwxuqr „T/M[9M[ J+pqpxro <popSWQj  Ø]9[\Q9[59[JU]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ \Oj[L<ovpvooJ+tqut„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqovrv qs 

otours\Oj[Lourwtp„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ„S[\XG]\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+tqut„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<ovoptrJ+rsswpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9ppprxv s pMJ

ouspqqJ+rtv„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ\Oj[L<otpqqvJ+oprtt„Mj[

O^Krprptt w rMJ

ppqttw„Mj[-X[ġortutvġotstqp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovqppuġ

Ƕ¾qqpwtx t rMJ

oqowrrġortutv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxquqvġposxts„Mj[(

S[ȉsxtwso po rMJ

pprprw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrosġoprssp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxoo(

ǚz[JU]\Oj[L<ourwtoJ+rsxtqt„Mj[ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqtsv qt (

oqpvovJ+tqttrt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovpvoo

„OT]rostpv v sMJ

…H\HT\Oj[L<ourwtoJ+rsxtqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;;Ě\Oj[L<

QþTrqrtrp x qMJ

I[+L[HǝO-Q`HbR[;\JLotoursġoutstw„Mj[-X[ġoxrvrsġ

Ǐdzotwpo p qMJ

oxquqv„Mj[-X[ġoprusxġototqu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

U\Lppqxpsrt qv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqttwġpqqopo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposxtsġ

„9H^poxtwso qs pMJ

owqxsxġpoppqu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqqwtwġorsvpq„Mj[(

O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<oqpvqpJ+tqtupoSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousprvJ+rtvrvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oqpvqpJ+

tqtupoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[„L/\Oj[L<oqpvqpJ+tqtupoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ovpvpsJ+tqusoSI[+L[H M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpvpsJ+tqusoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourxouJ+

rtorqtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousprvJ+

rtvrvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovpvpsJ+tqusoSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqpvqpJ+tqtupoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourxouJ+rtorqtS I[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotquts„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovsrsv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxtxpw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqppow„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqspv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losspqw„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutstt

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owtpst„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hporoot„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpptxot„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprotw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvpt„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď98


qX[7LpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSrX[7L>[ŃqvØ]KSQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qt@^LvwxO[+T[bJUpp.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTs.V[ivpp…QcHqv/b=L.W[QqU[7LM[=[LQ^W\TQ quQ^XSSQpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototsqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<ourxpoJ+rtosqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqsqtt qt 

otrrpuJ+ptvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊQ`;\US[\Oj[L<oqoppt

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ouoxrwJ+rqrutqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

„@[T[9pqstsqx t pMJ

oprto„Mj[I[+L[HǝO\Oj[L<orqoquJ+ttrrqt„Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H

O^Krpqqqts w rMJ

outtpt„Mj[-X[ġporptxġoppsrq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ƕ¾qqpvrw t rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpuqvġostwor„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostworġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpo(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotoutr\Oj[Lourxpo„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oppvtp qu (

J+tqptt„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<ourxpoJ+rtosqt

„OT]rpsqpu v sMJ

otrrpuJ+ptvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;O`\ĭ\Oj[L<otpqqtJ+

QþTrqrsrqx x rMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqttpvġorooqxQbXŃbR[;\JLotoutrġ

Ǐdzotpspv p qMJ

oxrvswġporptx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqurtġpoowqo„Mj[(

U\Lppqxpuqx qv sMJ

ourxrw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptqsoġoppotu„Mj[(

S[ȉsxttqx po rMJ

„9H^poxttqx qs pMJ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ouqpsqJ+ rvqt

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L XSM;H[S[ÑbH½9Q[J[L<ouoxrpJ+rqrurtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oqopqwJ+tqptrvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otpqrxJ+

opsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ouoxrpJ+rqrurtS I[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq

qsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oqopqwJ+tqptrvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<oqopqwJ+tqptrvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourxorJ+rtoqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ourxorJ+rtoqtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrrpoJ+pstqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġ MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otpqrxJ+opsqtSI[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourxorJ+rtoqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b; Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqopqwJ+tqptrvtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<otrrpoJ+pstqtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotqqtw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovrxtp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxttqq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqovpq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqoqp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losrvrq„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutotx „Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owsvsx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpoquox„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppttox„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqvoq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orprpx„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď99


rX[7LpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu@^LvwxO[+T[bJUpq.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTt.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/b=L.W[QrU[7LM[=[LQ^W\TQ qvQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<otrrruJ+pttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oppxsp

\Oj[L<opqorpJ+torqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<osoqtrJ+tvpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qwqtqr u pMJ

otovprÄĄouttrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovsxsrÄĄporqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krppsopt w rMJ

oworprÄĄoxqusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroossÄĄorsqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqpwsq t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsxsrÄĄowsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoworprÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sxtqpx po rMJ

popptsÄĄpptrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpupvÄĄporsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpx(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<osoqtrJ+tvpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[

qu O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpptp qv (

otrrruJ+pttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ostpowJ+qxpxsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrxpu v sMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<opowrxJ+toqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrqsqpqu x rMJ

oppssrÄĄorororÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpqrÄĄourxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłotqopr p qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotoprÄĄpprptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqqxÄĄotottx

U\Lppqxpwpv qv sMJ

owsstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowroqpÄĄpopptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poxtqpx qs pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<opqoqsJ+torqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrrroJ+ptsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opqoqsJ+torqtS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opqoqsJ+torqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<opqoqsJ+torqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrrroJ+ptsqtS I[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<osoqsvJ+tvpwqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otrrroJ+ptsqtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<opqoqsJ+torqtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<osoqsvJ+ tvpwqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqorpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousvor Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?100


sX[7LpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgStX[7L>[ŃroØ]KSQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qv@^LvwxO[+T[bJUpr.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTu.V[ivpp…QcHro/b=L.W[QsU[7LM[=[LQ^W\TQ qwQ^XSSQpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<osorrtJ+tvqoqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optxos

\Oj[L<oopwtwJ+svtvrvt„Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

qtuto„Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<oqpqqqJ+tqspvt„Mj[I[+L[H\9Ǣö

„@[T[9qqqposv v pMJ

oxrwpwġoppstr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howstosġpotoqq„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Krpotstr w rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouopsrġoutttp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hourxsuġ

Ƕ¾qqqqw t rMJ

otovrsġousxot„Mj[-X[ġostwptġourxsu„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqu(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<oqpqqqJ+tqspvt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊM^LO­W^

qv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorowqo qw (

osorrtJ+tvqoqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J„O\LSMS<orpopwJ+

„OT]rrrupu w pMJ

„R[;XV­GS[\H<porxruJ+srtot„Mj[I[+L[HOÅ-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTrqstxqs x rMJ

pqprtsġoprvqu„Mj[-X[ġoqpxpqġorsqss„Mj[(

Ǐdzotqttx p qMJ

ovqprq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtpqġorpusr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppqxpxtw qv sMJ

ourxsuġovtwot„Mj[-X[ġorsvtvġotoupu„Mj[(

S[ȉsxsxw po rMJ

„9H^poxsxw qs pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „Q9^S;H[S[O[K[S[\H<porxsxJ+srtorvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oopwsxJ+svtvptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9 „W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ „O\LSMS<orpoppJ+

qturqtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ S[\H<porxsxJ+srtorvt SI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L<oqpqpsJ+tqsosvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[

Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oopwsx J+svtvptSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS „íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oopwsxJ+svtvptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

oqpqpsJ+tqsosvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<orpoppJ+qturqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oopwsxJ+svtvptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqpqpsJ+tqsosvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotptov„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovrptw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxsvrp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpptxqo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqpqqw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losqxsp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousrou

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owrxtv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpopwpv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppsvpw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppxpp„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orotqu„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď101


tX[7LpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;p3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qw@^LvwxO[+T[bJUps.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTv.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHpX[z[L.W[QtU[7LM[=[LQ^W\TQ qxQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoursO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<oootptJ+svqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsqps

9SG\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opppowJ+qowqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rvqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLouoqoqÄĄoxrwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ruwto w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptorÄĄoqoxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpruÄĄoworqr

O^Krpovto w rMJ

otstspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoropprÄĄorsrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqqqvtr t rMJ

9[TS[\HoppprqÄĄoqqxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrr(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[S[\H<ppooqwJ+ssspqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losovqt qx (

oootptJ+svqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<ovtutpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rsrrpv w pMJ

S[\HoworqrÄĄoxqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotovttÄĄouoqoq

QĂžTrqtrvqr x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsotÄĄoropprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostprsÄĄ

Ç?Çłotrprt p qMJ

popqqrÄĄpptrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptrtqÄĄoprtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqxqprq qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;sxsttv po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poxsttv qs pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<ppoosrJ+ssspuoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppoosrJ+

ssspuoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oootroJ+svqrqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< oootroJ+svqrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oootroJ+svqrqtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opppoqJ+qovsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<ppoosrJ+ssspuoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oootroJ+svqrqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LppttqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqowrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourxpo Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owruopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?102


uX[7LpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;q3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qx@^LvwxO[+T[bJUpt.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTw.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHqX[z[L.W[QuU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQroQ^XSSQpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoutrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<oxsusoJ+sprttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orropt

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<potvrtJ+psrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<otorsrJ+qxswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqopvu x qMJ

opptprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqprwÄĄoxqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqqwÄĄ

O^Krxqox w qMJ

ororqtÄĄortvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprvtqÄĄoqpxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqrtts t rMJ

owrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporstxÄĄpptrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrw(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[S[\H<oxroouJ+sotsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotowrr ro (

oxsusoJ+sprttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owrrtvJ+wrrpt

Â&#x201E;OT]rtropw w pMJ

O½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotowpvÄĄoutuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqtsÄĄ

QĂžTrquptqq x rMJ

oqpxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvrpÄĄotstssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłotruuo p qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorputvÄĄostwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousxsrÄĄ

U\Lppqxqqtx qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;sxsqsu po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poxsqsu qs pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<oxroqoJ+sottvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<oxsuttJ+sprurtSI[+L[H\W+X S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[

@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<oxsuttJ+sprurtSI[+L[H \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpo

ppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxroqoJ+sottvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxroqoJ+sottvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxsuttJ+sprurtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxsuttJ+sprurtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<potvsxJ+psrrtoSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxsuttJ+sprurtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotovptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqosrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourtpt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?103


vX[7LpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;r3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ro@^LvwxO[+T[bJUpu.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTx.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHrX[z[L.W[QvU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<ovqotqJ+rtrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osqrsu

M_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owrtoqJ+wrttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qqrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqorqpJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ssrqrr po qMJ

-X[ÄĄopptqqÄĄororrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvruÄĄotststÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krwrqtw w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwotÄĄoropstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopptqqÄĄ

ǜžqqsuw t rMJ

outoorÄĄowrpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprtrwÄĄorpvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsr(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Q[J[L<ovtqrsJ+rusxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loupoqr p (

Q[J[L<ovqotqJ+rtrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ououqpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ruqvqp w pMJ

qqpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLovtotrÄĄporrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqutrqp x sMJ

O[bS[S[\HourxtoÄĄovqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvowÄĄpprqrv

Ç?Çłotsqps p qMJ

oqoxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpsquÄĄpqtupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppqxqsqo qv sMJ

9[TS[\HovtwptÄĄoxpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sxrxrt po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poxrxrt qs pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ovtqswJ+rutoqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Q[J[L<ovtqswJ+rutoqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovtqswJ+rutoqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovqpowJ+rtrppqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrstuJ+wrtsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqpowJ+rtrppqtSI[+L[H

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovtqswJ+rutoqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LourppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoouroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?104


wX[7LpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;s3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUpv.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTpo.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHsX[z[L.W[QwU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovrsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ostqruJ+qxpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqqrx

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ouovqvJ+qquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<ppooowJ+psrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spwtpts pp qMJ

otoxoqÄĄoutvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxpwÄĄppqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krvsvqo w qMJ

oprwpxÄĄotovrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxrrÄĄortvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqqtwro t rMJ

pqqpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotottÄĄpprqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;sxruqt po rMJ

9[TS[\HoqrorvÄĄorsxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsu(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Q[J[L<oupqroJ+rqrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

p O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovpott q (

<ostqruJ+qxpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<orrwqtJ+tupqqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rvqsqs w qMJ

M\S<\Oj[L<ovtutsJ+utwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrqvrpqp x sMJ

ortvsoÄĄotstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpsoÄĄoxqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłotsvpw p qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqvprÄĄpotottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvqsÄĄ

U\Lppqxqtrs qv sMJ

pptsqtÄĄoprtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrpssÄĄpoprotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poxruqt qs pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<oupqssJ+rqrxptSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<orrwrxJ+tuprqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

orrwrxJ+tuprqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<oupqssJ+rqrxptSI[+L[Hqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ostqtoJ+qxpxroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<oupqssJ+rqrxptSI[+L[HP[H H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<oupqssJ+rqrxptS I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ostqtoJ+qxpxroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouovqoJ+qqtstS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ostqtoJ+

qxpxroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<oupqssJ+ rqrxptSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqspr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpooqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?105


xX[7LpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSpoX[7L>[Ńt3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]q@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUpw.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTpp.V[ivpp…QcHtX[z[L.W[QxU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQrWNSpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ „O\LSMS<oqquqvJ+qrpqrqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqtrx r 

Xƚ[9SGOO\Oj[L<orrxrqJ+tuptpt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„O\LSMS<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

toprqqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;M\S<\Oj[L<ovtvsoJ+vort

„@[T[9trppru pq qMJ

S[\HpqtusoġoroqpvQbXŃbR[;\JLotoxquġoutvqw„Mj[

O^Krvspv w qMJ

porrrs„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqvpvġpooxox„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾qrpqtw t rMJ

9[TS[\Hpptrtpġoppqqq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsx(

I[+L[HVƊ]LíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]Q[J[L<osrstxJ+qwrrtqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howowpv r (

oqquqvJ+qrpqrqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<opptppJ+

„OT]rwqpqw w qMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<ostwstJ+txrqpvt„Mj[I[+L[H\Wĭ-Q`HbR[;

QþTrqwxqp x sMJ

-X[ġporrrsġopptrw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrxrrġ

Ǐdzottqpp p qMJ

orpvppġostwqx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostwqxġourxsv„Mj[(

U\Lppqxqusq qv sMJ S[ȉsxrrps po rMJ

„9H^poxrrps qs pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „;[dz;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osrstpJ+qwrrrqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<

osrstpJ+qwrrrqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <S W[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqquqpJ+qrpqpvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[

„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L<osrstpJ+qwrrrqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osrstpJ+qwrrrqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„OT:[L[

8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oqquqpJ+qrpqpvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovtvtrJ+vpvtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\ĭbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„O\LSMS <oqquqpJ+qrpqpvtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<osrstpJ+qwrrrqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJ LíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovpqqo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxqvtp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpprxso„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[optqto„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lospoop„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louqrqw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owqopv

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxtwrv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppqvrv„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqtxro„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstsv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostprp„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď106


poX[7LpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;u3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUpx.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTpq.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHuX[z[L.W[QpoU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQsWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowpvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pqoutoJ+pvqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqtrx r 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqoutoJ+pvqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppoortJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<oqowqxJ+tqqtrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpvqwu pr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptsuÄĄororstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpssÄĄourxsr

O^Kruqsst w pMJ

orssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpoxÄĄpprrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqrqxqw t sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoworrqÄĄowstquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrqpwÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sxror po rMJ

oxputqÄĄportquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxto(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orospwJ+qssupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howowpv r (

ssrutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<ostxroJ+txrspo

Â&#x201E;OT]rxpwrr w qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotoxtoÄĄoutvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtpswÄĄporrsv

QĂžTrqwsvqp x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworrqÄĄoxqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroqrsÄĄ

Ç?Çłottutq p qMJ

orssqwÄĄotowpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtpswÄĄowstswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqxqvsq qv sMJ

poprrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoprrqÄĄpptssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poxror qs pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orosrrJ+qssusvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxtvsxJ+pptwtvtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtvsxJ+

pptwtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpx qpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orosrrJ+qssusvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\O

ÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqovosJ+pvqrtS

I[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orosrrJ+qssusvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxtvsxJ+pptwtvtSI[+L[H

<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pqovosJ+pvqrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ \LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqovosJ+pvqrtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtvsxJ+pptwtvtSI[+L[H L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<pqovos J+pvqrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orosrrJ+qssusvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtvsxJ+pptwtvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovowqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpuqp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S196

M[\Ä?107


ppX[7LpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;v3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUqo.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTpr.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHvX[z[L.W[QppU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQtWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxtwsqJ+pqppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrosu s 

<opstrpJ+qpqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxtwsq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owotpxJ+vpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½S[\H<ppqxsv

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uprwo ps rMJ

O[bS[S[\HowstqvÄĄpotpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptovÄĄoprwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krtsxrs w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxrxÄĄovqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruovÄĄ

ǜžqrsvtu t sMJ

ÄĄourxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxrxÄĄovtwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxto(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<owotpxJ+vpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxopqo s (

J+pqppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtxspJ+rxrrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]rpoptrx w rMJ

J+stswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsooqÄĄoppttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqxqtqq x sMJ

-X[ÄĄoqqottÄĄorsssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouospqÄĄoutwox

Ç?Çłoupqr p qMJ

orpvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpopsÄĄoutpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwqw

U\Lppqxqwru qv sMJ

ortoopÄĄotowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sxqutq po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poxqutq qs pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opstssJ+qpqwstSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L 9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opstssJ+qpqwstS I[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<oxtwrtJ+pqotqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtwrtJ+pqotqtSI[+L[H L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owotpqJ+vpuqqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtwrtJ+pqotqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opstssJ+qpqwstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owotpqJ+vpuqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovosqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqqt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?108


pqX[7LpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSprX[7L>[Ńw3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]t@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUqp.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTps.V[ivpp…QcHwX[z[L.W[QpqU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQuWNSpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxoqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<owouotJ+vpwrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrttt t 

pqsrpwJ+pwtprvt„Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGOO\Oj[L<owouotJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<ourqtpJ+rqsqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;ǶPS[\H<

„@[T[9uptrwpu pt rMJ

oxsopv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howorqxġoxqvqt„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

O^Krtpxqs w pMJ

ovqprpġoworqx„Mj[-X[ġpqptpuġororow„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qswpv t sMJ

orstou„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoprtxġppttou„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsx(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ourqtpJ+rqsqt„Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LíÊlj[H]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtooo t (

vpwrt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovpustJ+rtptpt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO

„OT]rpppqst w rMJ

oxoursJ+rxsxsvt„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;\JLouosrtġ

QþTsorqr po pMJ

otporxġouosrt„Mj[-X[ġoppttxġoqoxtt„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdzoutsq p qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostpsqġotstrv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hororowġ

U\Lppqxqxqr qv sMJ

ppttouġoprupr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoppqtxġoqrpso„Mj[(

S[ȉsxqrsp po rMJ

„9H^poxqrsp qs pMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pqsrrpJ+pwtqpoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ourrouJ+rqtqtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­

S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L<ourrouJ+rqtqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9

Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<pqsrrpJ+ pwtqpoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owottwJ+vpwpvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqsrrpJ+pwtqpoSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ourrouJ+rqtqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqsrrpJ+pwtqpoSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owottwJ+vpwpvtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourrouJ+rqtqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owottwJ+vpwpvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pqsrrpJ+pwtqpoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ourrouJ+rqtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovoorp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxpuot„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lppqvtq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[opspoq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[ortwps„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louppso„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owowqx

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxsutp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpppttp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqsvss„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrtx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxss„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď109


prX[7LpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;x3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUqq.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTpt.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHxX[z[L.W[QprU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQvWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ourrpuJ+rqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrxsp u 

\Oj[L<pqoptwJ+pvvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rptptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otqsroJ+orqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqxqupx pu rMJ

\JLotppotÄĄoutwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsqtÄĄoppuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Krstssx w pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvsuÄĄotstrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLorortqÄĄ

ǜžqsroqx t sMJ

orpvqoÄĄostwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutqovÄĄowrrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsv(

JUQ]\Oj[L<otqsroJ+orqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporstt u (

ourrpuJ+rqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ottttoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpqxtr w rMJ

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ǜžQ[J[L<ovopqpJ+rsrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTsospqt po pMJ

S[\HovqpquÄĄoxqvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrquÄĄoqqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłouxto p qMJ

ortvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprxquÄĄoqqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppqxror qv sMJ

9[TS[\HportspÄĄpptsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sxqorp po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poxqorp qs pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ourrroJ+rquqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqoqpqJ+pvvsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ourrroJ+rquqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9

Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqoqpqJ+

pvvsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< ourrroJ+rquqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqoqpqJ+

pvvsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqssuJ+orrvtS

I[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L <pqoqpqJ+pvvsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourrroJ+rquqtSI[+L[H

9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqssuJ+orrvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourrroJ+rquqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pqoqpqJ+pvvsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otqssuJ+orrvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouovsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosrr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppppttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqroosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?110


psX[7LpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;po3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUqr.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTpu.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHpoX[z[L.W[QpsU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQwWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxtoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<otqstvJ+orrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpospqx v 

\Oj[L<ppstqvJ+puqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ossrtsJ+twsxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpropo pv rMJ

porsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuppÄĄorortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvssÄĄ

O^Krsrups w pMJ

pprrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxrxÄĄororsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqstsqv t sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoutqqxÄĄowrrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruqqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsr(

59[JU]\Oj[L<ossrtsJ+twsxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppvpp v (

otqstvJ+orrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otootoJ+qxrrpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rprvq w rMJ

Q[J[L<otpvopJ+roprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLovtrosÄĄ

QĂžTsppxqv po pMJ

otstquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxpwÄĄovqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvquÄĄ

Ç?Çłouprsv p qMJ

oppuppÄĄoqpooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqptrtÄĄpqtvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqxroru qv sMJ

orpvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtwovÄĄoxputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sxpvqo po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poxpvqo qs pMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppstqpJ+puqsrtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppstqpJ+puqsrt SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppstqpJ+

puqsrtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ossrsvJ+twsxrtSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqstoJ+orrpvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ossrsvJ+twsxrtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otqstoJ+orrpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppstqpJ+puqsrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossrsvJ+twsxrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxowpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouorsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoorx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqquowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?111


ptX[7LpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pq3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUqs.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTpv.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHpqX[z[L.W[QptU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQxWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpopsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ossrrvJ+twsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppspqv w 

otpptv\Oj[LoxspopÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<osrspuJ+qwqtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqupwrw pw rMJ

orttssJ+qusxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpptvÄĄ

O^Krsqrts w pMJ

otstpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqppqÄĄoxqvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxtqÄĄ

ǜžqtqov t sMJ

oxqvquÄĄpotprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwrwÄĄpqqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sxpsx po rMJ

opruquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrrstÄĄpopsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<osrqtoJ+twqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptvtx w (

pptusqJ+putptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ossrrvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpsspq w sMJ

\Oj[L<osrqtoJ+twqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

QĂžTsptvro po pMJ

outxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxspopÄĄppqwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvsqÄĄ

Ç?Çłoupvrr p qMJ

otpopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqpoosÄĄortvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lppqxrpr qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotprtÄĄpprrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttrqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poxpsx qs pMJ

oqrqqwÄĄortpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppturtJ+putprtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ppturtJ+putprtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppturtJ+ putprtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppturtJ+putprt SI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osrror J+twqpsoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

osrrorJ+twqpsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osrrorJ+twqpsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppturtJ+putprtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osrrorJ+twqpsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouswssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxospuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtusr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpposoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?112


puX[7LpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSpvX[7L>[Ńpr3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]x@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUqt.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTpw.V[ivpp…QcHprX[z[L.W[QpuU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpoWNSpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotporxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<osrqrqJ+twqoqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrxtw x 

ostrorJ+txporqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊQ_T[\Oj[L<pqrvto

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

twqoqqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<osrxopJ+qwrurt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9wxqppu px rMJ

MS<oqtwtuJ+qsquqqt„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;S[\Hpqtvtw

O^Krspwo w pMJ

ġoppuqo„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxspptġportop„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ƕ¾qtsvqv t sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostwowġourwtv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptsswġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrr(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpqqr\Oj[Loxsppt„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqrwqw x (

J+pwrrrvt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osrqrqJ+

„OT]rptpqr w sMJ

…H\HT\Oj[L<ostrorJ+txporqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;…OK`\H„O\LS

QþTsqrtrr po pMJ

ġorospxQbXŃbR[;\JLotpqqrġoutxtu„Mj[-X[ġportop

Ǐdzouqpu p qMJ

oxqvqtġpooxrp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvpxġostwow„Mj[(

U\Lppqxrpqq qv sMJ

opprsu„Mj[(

S[ȉsxpotw po rMJ

„9H^poxpotw qs pMJ

O^KO\¾5S[\JH/„O\LSMS<oropqrJ+ qsrqro

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

.W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<pqrvsqJ+pwrrpvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<

pqrvsqJ+pwrrpvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<pqrvsqJ+pwrrpvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ >[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ostqtvJ+txpopvtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ostqtvJ+txpopvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pqrvsqJ+pwrrpvtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ostqtvJ+txpopvt SI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lousssw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxooqp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpppqow„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[opqtpw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[orsqro„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lottttv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtqsv

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxrpou„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppooou„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqrqoo„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpwpu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsop„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď113


pvX[7LpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;ps3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]po@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUqu.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTpx.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHpsX[z[L.W[QpvU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQppWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ostqquJ+txxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvro po 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsxrrJ+qprpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otsrrrJ+pptrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqqwrr qo rMJ

otpqtoÄĄovoopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtsopÄĄportpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krspwrt w pMJ

oworosÄĄoxqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorosrvÄĄorsusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqupuqp t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtsopÄĄowsvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoworosÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sxvsv po rMJ

poptosÄĄppttswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxputoÄĄporttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqu(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<otsrrrJ+pptrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oppxso po (

\Oj[L<ostqquJ+txxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<otpsqsJ+rortt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpttwrt w sMJ

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqurwJ+qrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsrprru po pMJ

oppuqrÄĄorortpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostppwÄĄourwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłouqsqw p qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpspÄĄpprrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsusuÄĄotppot

U\Lppqxrprt qv sMJ

owstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrspxÄĄpoptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poxvsv qs pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsxqtJ+qprpqvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otsrswJ+ppuptSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsrsw J+ppuptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spr suvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsxqtJ+qprpqvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupw

qoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsxqtJ+qprpqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otsrswJ+ppuptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsxqtJ+qprpqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otsrswJ+ppuptSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsxqtJ+

qprpqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otsrswJ+ ppuptSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppowpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovswtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?114


pwX[7LpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;ps3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pp@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUqv.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTqo.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHpsX[z[L.W[QpwU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpqWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpprpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otsqttJ+ppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrspw pp 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orroouJ+qtspuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovopsuJ+sroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xsspsr qp rMJ

oxspsrÄĄoppuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstowÄĄpotpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krsqtrv w pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLououtxÄĄovoosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourwrqÄĄ

ǜžqususw u pMJ

otprpwÄĄoutrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvtrÄĄourwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpw(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<ovopsuJ+sroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqoqqs pp (

otsqttJ+ppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<oupxpvJ+rqsstvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rputtsw x pMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpvqpJ+qqsovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsrtpso po qMJ

pqpuovÄĄopsorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqqsrÄĄorsvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłouqvrx p qMJ

ovqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprursÄĄorpvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppqxrpsp qv sMJ

9[TS[\HourwrqÄĄovtvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqqrÄĄotpprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sxsrv po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poxsrv qs pMJ

U\LO\ž/H/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsttuJ+ qpqprt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxtvJ+qtsprvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovoqooJ+srorvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orqxtvJ+qtsprvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxtvJ+qtsprvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <orqxtvJ+qtsprvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L< otsqsxJ+pprsvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovoqooJ+srorvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otsqsxJ+pprsvtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxtvJ+

qtsprvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovoqooJ+srorvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppospuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsstt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?115


pxX[7LpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pt3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUqw.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTqp.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHptX[z[L.W[QpxU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQprWNSpvrĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TLT\QTĂ&#x2DC;[OL]M_\G­Q[S[:]M_\G­Q[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpptvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovooswJ+sqvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorropu pq 

Q[J[L<otrtqwJ+rotspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owsqpwJ+wsopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpvqsq qq rMJ

\JLouovqrÄĄoxsptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqsvÄĄoxqvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Krsrwtw w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqorrÄĄowoqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuptÄĄorotpr

ǜžqvpwsq u pMJ

orsvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoptqvÄĄpptuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxow(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<owsqpwJ+wsopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqsvpt pq (

ovooswJ+sqvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovsxqsJ+ruqxvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvtrq x pMJ

.j^Ć?[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqwpuJ+qrupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTssqxst po qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotprstÄĄouovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqxÄĄoqpoov

Ç?Çłourorv p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostpoqÄĄotsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorotprÄĄ

U\Lppqxrpso qv sMJ

pptuoqÄĄopruruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppsqoÄĄoqrrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sxpqu po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poxpqu qs pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<otrtqoJ+rotrtvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owsqrqJ+wsosvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovopoqJ+ sqwpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owsqrqJ+

wsosvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpo

pqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrtqoJ+rotrtvtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovopoqJ+sqwpqtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otrtqoJ+rotrtvtSI[+L[H>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owsqrqJ+wsosvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovopoqJ+sqwpqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsqrqJ+

wsosvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovopoqJ+sqwpqtSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otrtqoJ+rotrtvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owsqrqJ+wsosvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowswrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppooqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotssoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsotx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqouqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?116


qoX[7LpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pu3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUqx.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTqq.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHpuX[z[L.W[QqoU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpsWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<owspqoJ+wrvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losqstx pr 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owspqoJ+wrvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotpsprÄĄovopqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqxpsx qr qMJ

-X[ÄĄpprsosÄĄoqqrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvpvÄĄotssqv

O^Krstwro w pMJ

oqqrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpvotÄĄostvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtv(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L<ovtxttJ+rutsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrsqr pr (

oxrwprJ+spoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtsrxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwtopw x pMJ

-X[ÄĄportstÄĄoppurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoqoÄĄoxqvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTstvto po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororspÄĄortvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsotuÄĄ

Ç?Çłourrqs p qMJ

outssqÄĄowrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportttÄĄppttprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqvtqq u pMJ

U\Lppqxrprq qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;swtwpt po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^powtwpt qs pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owsppqJ+wrvqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovtxsxJ+rutruoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owsppqJ+

wrvqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp

prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovtxsxJ+rutruoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsppqJ+wrvqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovtxsxJ+rutruoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porvtp

J+prqvttSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owsppqJ+wrvqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsppqJ+ wrvqvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<porvtpJ+prqvttSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owsppqJ+ wrvqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovtxsxJ+rutruoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<porvtpJ+prqvttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowssruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrvoq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpossqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?117


qpX[7LpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pv3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUro.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTqr.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHpvX[z[L.W[QqpU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQptWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqtoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<porurxJ+prqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotpvsu ps 

9SG;S\Oj[L<porurxJ+prqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<pprvtp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLovttpwÄĄportttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popppxw qs qMJ

ourvsuÄĄovqoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvovÄĄpprsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krtqrtx w pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpuqwÄĄpqtwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLouttosÄĄ

ǜžqwqusr u pMJ

ovtvoxÄĄoxpurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwst(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[S[\H<porstpJ+srqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqrru ps (

J+sttvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrpovJ+qtspt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxsvrt x pMJ

oppurqÄĄororrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvoxÄĄotsspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTststtt po qMJ

opspoxÄĄorotsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppurqÄĄoqpoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłourttx p qMJ

owrtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprurvÄĄorpvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lppqxrppv qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;swtts po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^powtts qs pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9S[\H<porssrJ+srqotSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<porurpJ+prqsrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<porssr J+srqotSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<porurpJ+prqsrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<porssrJ+srqotSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<porurpJ+prqsrtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<porurp J+prqsrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<porssrJ+srqotSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opotrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrrov

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?118


qqX[7LpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pw3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUrp.V[ipxuP[SH]j\W\PTqs.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHpwX[z[L.W[QqqU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpuWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprpwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<pqrvsqJ+pwquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louovts pt 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqrvsqJ+pwquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ospoqwJ+qvpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotptoxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqrqpp qt qMJ

otsrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxtpÄĄoxqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopspqpÄĄ

O^Krtttpp w pMJ

oxqvopÄĄpotpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxrsÄĄpqqrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqxqsr u pMJ

opruruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrtssÄĄpopuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrq(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oppppqJ+sxswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpspw pt (

\Oj[L<oprwpqJ+totuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]rqosstr x qMJ

ovoqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsqrtÄĄppqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvooÄĄ

QĂžTsuqsp po qMJ

otprpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqpooqÄĄortvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłourwqq p qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotpswÄĄpprsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptupxÄĄ

U\Lppqxrotu qv sMJ

oqrsqoÄĄortrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;swtptr po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^powtptr qs pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oppporJ+sxswrqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqrvruJ+pwquvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oppporJ+sxswrqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oppporJ+

sxswrqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppporJ+sxswrqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oppporJ+sxswrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

pqrvruJ+pwquvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqrvruJ+

pwquvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oppporJ+sxswrqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opopsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqxpp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxovrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqowqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osooqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?119


qrX[7LpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;px3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUpX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqt.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHpxX[z[L.W[QqrU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpvWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrstoJ+qrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loutstp pu 

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrstoJ+qrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qwstrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxovÄĄorouqu

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pptqrqr qu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsqswÄĄporupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxquttÄĄ

O^Krurpsx w pMJ

ostutvÄĄourvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttqvÄĄopptoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpw(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<orrwttJ+tttvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louotst pv (

orqxttJ+ttrsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<ossttp

Â&#x201E;OT]rqpsqpq x qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotptrwÄĄovoqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporupsÄĄoppurq

QĂžTsvqv po rMJ

pooxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpusuÄĄostutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłousorq p rMJ

ǜžqxrxtx u pMJ

U\Lppqxroqv qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;swswsr po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^powswsr qs pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orrxowJ+tttvrtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtosJ+qrpwrtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orrxowJ+

tttvrtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orrxowJ+tttvrtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtosJ+qrpwrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtosJ+qrpwrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orrxowJ+tttvrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpossrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqtpt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqosqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?120


qsX[7LpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qo3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pv@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUqX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqu.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHqoX[z[L.W[QqsU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpwWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ospwtxJ+qvrvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrwqu pv 

Â&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ospwtxJ+qvrvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otortw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qxsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotpuouÄĄovoqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppvqxss qv pMJ

-X[ÄĄostoorÄĄourusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowopswÄĄoxqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krvprrx w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxpsÄĄotpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtuptÄĄ

ǜžqpopwqv u qMJ

owrupvÄĄpopuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopuqqÄĄpptuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwor(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<ottoorJ+pqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loutvpq pw (

J+txqwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;K`\HQ[J[L<otpootJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqqrxrr x qMJ

-X[ÄĄovtuptÄĄporuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppurqÄĄororpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsvsops po rMJ

-X[ÄĄoroussÄĄorsxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpsuÄĄpprspu

Ç?Çłousqrp p rMJ

owsxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowopswÄĄowsspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppqxqxtq qv sMJ

9[TS[\HoxpupoÄĄporttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;swstrq po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^powstrq qs pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otsxtuJ+pqrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ospwtpJ+qvrutqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsxtuJ+pqrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otsxtuJ+ pqrqqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

otsxtuJ+pqrqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/

Q[J[L<ospwtpJ+qvrutqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Q[J[L<ospwtpJ+qvrutqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otsxtuJ+pqrqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[; M^S[Q[X[\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouprqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqpqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?121


qtX[7LpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qp3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pw@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUrX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqv.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHqpX[z[L.W[QqtU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpxWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<otsptsJ+rprpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howpwtq pw 

J+pqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<ovrvqwJ+ttouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

otsptsJ+rprpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ouprtuJ+qqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqxsrqs qv sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrpqÄĄoppuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowssouÄĄ

O^Krwoqp w qMJ

orsxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoxttÄĄovorpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqpotwt u qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotpurtÄĄoutursÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostuqwÄĄouruqv

S[Č&#x2030;swsqqp po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvsu(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<otsxou

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovswpq px (

PSG]9SG;S\Oj[L<otoropJ+txqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrrutu x rMJ

I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TQ[J[L<otpwoxJ+rorttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

QĂžTswpwqp po rMJ

potpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputoÄĄopsptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqsqxÄĄ

Ç?Çłousspv p rMJ

ouruqvÄĄovpxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruroÄĄorpuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqxqxpo qv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouruqvÄĄovtupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortstsÄĄotpssp

Â&#x201E;9H^powsqqp qs pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otswtwJ+pqotvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovrvqpJ+ttosqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otswtwJ+pqotvt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otswtwJ+pqotvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrvqpJ+ttosqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otswtwJ+pqotvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L< otsqoxJ+rprttSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otsqoxJ+rprttSI[+L[HH[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L <otswtwJ+pqotvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<otsqoxJ+rprttSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<ovrvqpJ+ttosqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouoxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpvqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?122


quX[7LpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qq3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUsX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqw.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHqqX[z[L.W[QquU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqoWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptoxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ourwpoJ+rrqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtuso px 

<owtuqtJ+xvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ouprqpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<outtqwJ+sssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opqvqp p sMJ

oxsrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoppvÄĄoxquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Krwtpsp w qMJ

ovpwspÄĄowoppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputtÄĄorovqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpprwto u qMJ

orsxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopusqÄĄpptursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvqw(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<ovrutpJ+tsxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrwru qo (

qqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ourwpoJ+rrqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]rqsrspx x rMJ

ototpvJ+qxrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLoupoqoÄĄ

QĂžTswtuqx po rMJ

otpvosÄĄoupoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqwÄĄoqoxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłousttp p rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLossxrqÄĄotsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorovqoÄĄ

U\Lppqxqwqp qv sMJ

pptursÄĄopruqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopptroÄĄoqrtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;swrxpo po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^powrxpo qs pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ovrussJ+tsxpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<owtusoJ+xvsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrussJ+tsxpoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<owtusoJ+xvsvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrussJ+tsxpoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owtusoJ+xvsvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ourworJ+rrqqqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtusoJ+xvsvtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ourworJ+rrqqqvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?

WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouprprJ+qqoqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovruss J+tsxpoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ourworJ+ rrqqqvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouotqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ororpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovprqv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?123


qvX[7LpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qr3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUtX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqx.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHqrX[z[L.W[QqvU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqpWNSpvrĂ&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;S@Ĺ&#x2030;[Ć&#x2020;Q]@Ĺ&#x2030; Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptrwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ovosprJ+rsqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrqrp qo 

O[TO\Oj[L<outstpJ+srptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ovosprJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Q[J[L<osqxosJ+qvtwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqsssr q sMJ

ovpwqoÄĄoxquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprspxÄĄoqqstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Krxsvqq w qMJ

ortuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsqpxÄĄoqqstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqpqqoso u qMJ

9[TS[\HportrxÄĄppttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvox(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<owtupqJ+xurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqwru qp (

rsqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovouopJ+sqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]rqtrpss x rMJ

otpvrrÄĄovortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuswÄĄoppuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTsxrsrv po rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortuorÄĄotsqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqtpÄĄ

Ç?Çłousvpq p rMJ

orpuoxÄĄosttttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutvpxÄĄowrvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqxqvqu qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;swrttx po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^powrttx qs pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<owtuosJ+xupvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osqwtuJ+qvtwqvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<oxstqrJ+ppwqqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osqwtuJ+qvtwqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtuosJ+xupvtS I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxstqrJ+ppwqqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps

ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<owtuosJ+xupvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; \Oj[L<owtuosJ+xupvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovosqwJ+rsqvpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outtovJ+srttSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovosqwJ+rsqvpvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxstqrJ+ppwqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouoprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowpvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovoxrp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?124


qwX[7LpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qs3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUuX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTro.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHqsX[z[L.W[QqwU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqqWNSpvrÂ&#x201E;;[9^T[Ć&#x2020;Q]LbĹ [¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<outxspJ+rspsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoovpt qp 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovotswJ+sqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<outxspJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?OÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwooJ+qtqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pvrtpv r sMJ

-X[ÄĄorttsxÄĄotsqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtpuÄĄovpvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krposvu w rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuqqÄĄoqoxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvorÄĄ

ǜžqprrrp u qMJ

oprupwÄĄorpttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovttqqÄĄoxptqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourusx(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<oxstpuJ+ppwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpopwru qq (

rspsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oustrvJ+rrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]rquqxpp x rMJ

\JLovtvqxÄĄporutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqqÄĄoroqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTspopqsu po sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxquoxÄĄpprspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqqxÄĄorovtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłouswqq p rMJ

pqtxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutvspÄĄowrvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppqxquqr qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;swrqsx po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^powrqsx qs pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxstrpJ+ppwsqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<poospsJ+pptspvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovotsoJ+sqxtS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxstrpJ+ppwsqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

poospsJ+pptspvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<poospsJ+pptspvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxstrp J+ppwsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outxrqJ+rsprstSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovotsoJ+ sqxtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxstrp J+ppwsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<outxrqJ+rsprstSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<poospsJ+pptspvtSI[+L[H \JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotowstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovotru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpopqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?125


qxX[7LpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qt3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUvX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTrp.V[ivppÂ&#x2026;QcHqtX[z[L.W[QqxU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqrWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpurtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ouqsroJ+rqsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpospsu qq 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oustsuJ+rrwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqorpoJ+qptprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqosqt s sMJ

pproowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttrsÄĄotspssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvrvÄĄ

O^Krpptorx w rMJ

oqoxqrÄĄorttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqttwÄĄpotprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqprsvqr u rMJ

pprspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptusoÄĄopruprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louruqv(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<poosqxJ+pptsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppoxps qr (

ouqsroJ+rqsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ottuotJ+prqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqvqurx x sMJ

XV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotpwrpÄĄovossqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsrtvÄĄ

QĂžTspototu po sMJ

oxqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqsoÄĄotpurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłousxpw p rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLpproowÄĄpqqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotprqÄĄ

U\Lppqxqtps qv sMJ

owrvruÄĄpopvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqruoxÄĄortuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;swqxrw po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^powqxrw qs pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<poosqpJ+pptsrtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ottttwJ+prqqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

oxtspvJ+ppqwpoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oustrwJ+rrvsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottttwJ+prqqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poosqpJ+pptsrtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt

pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtspvJ+ppqwpoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poosqpJ+pptsrtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxtspv J+ppqwpoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouqsqrJ+rqsssoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oustrwJ+rrvsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT

/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<poosqpJ+pptsrtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ouqsqrJ+rqsssoS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oxtspvJ+ppqwpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ 

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowoxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovopso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoowtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppsotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S196

M[\Ä?126


roX[7LpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qu3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qr@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUwX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHquX[z[L.W[QroU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqsWNSpvrĂ&#x2DC;]-Ĺ&#x2021;J[-@59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvosO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<otqppwJ+rotsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppvot qr 

.Ă?­[\Oj[L<oxpwtsJ+xtwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ossoptJ+twqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qssso t sMJ

pqtxtxÄĄorowrqQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpxopÄĄovotosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krpqtvsu w rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqtstÄĄpoowruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorptrqÄĄ

ǜžqpsrqpq u rMJ

ppttsrÄĄoppuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louruos(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oxtstsJ+ppqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqoppp qs (

otturrJ+prrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otqppwJ+rotsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqwqsx x sMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<pqpsttJ+pvpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QĂžTsppqxt po sMJ

porvoxÄĄoppupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxssowÄĄporvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoutor p rMJ

oststvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoststvÄĄoursqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lppqxqrtw qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;swquqv po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^powquqv qs pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxtssuJ+ppqxqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxpxowJ+xtxtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottuqvJ+prrrtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq qsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtssuJ+ppqxqqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oxpxowJ+xtxtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxtssuJ+

ppqxqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

oxpxowJ+xtxtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otqprqJ+roupvt SI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxpxowJ+xtxtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqprqJ+ roupvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottuqvJ+prrrtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtssuJ+ppqxqqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otqprqJ+roupvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxpxowJ+xtxtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowotpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutvsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owruosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpootorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?127


rpX[7LpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qv3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qs@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUxX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqvX[z[L.W[QrpU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqtWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrtuJ+ququtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptspt qs 

.Ă?­[\Oj[L<oxpxqqJ+xtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L<owqpsuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrtuJ+ququtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpvsqqt u sMJ

pptusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ovrxpwJ+tswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Krpswpr w sMJ

porvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuowÄĄoroqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvtxÄĄ

ǜžqptpvtu u rMJ

ortpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpqqÄĄpprspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;swqrpu po rMJ

9^\T9S[\HovtxsrÄĄowsqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrwouÄĄ

U\LO\ž

oxpssxÄĄportpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtsp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpxro\Oj[LoxsspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqttov qt (

vrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ossossJ+twqrt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqxqpso x sMJ

oropqrJ+tsprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<pooupoJ+

QĂžTspqvpu po sMJ

O½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpxroÄĄovotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtwqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłoutort p rMJ

ourrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtxsrÄĄoxqtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorowsxÄĄ

U\Lppqxqqru qv sMJ

ortpssÄĄotpvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtwqrÄĄowtpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^powqrpu qs pMJ

popvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvqsÄĄpptusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxpxrvJ+poopvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oropruJ+tspsqtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[

\Oj[L<owqprxJ+vrspoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h] QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxpxrvJ+poopvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;

9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oropruJ+tspsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtv wpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxpxrvJ+poopvtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqprxJ+vrspoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxpxrvJ+poopvtSI[+L[H

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqprxJ+vrspoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxpxrvJ+poopvtS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrswJ+quqtstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owqprxJ+vrspoSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrswJ+quqtstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxpxrvJ+poopvtSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrsw J+quqtstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owqprxJ+ vrspoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowopqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutrsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoopovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?128


pP[JpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSqP[J>[Ńqw3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qt@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUpoX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTrX[7Lvpp…QcHqwX[z[L.W[QpP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ quWNSpvr W[+¾[\ļX\QH/rpX[7LpxuQ[\S vwxvqs /bS/ J+sorrvt <qppxSWQj  „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwoqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ „O\LSMS<oqotqpJ+qptrqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqrsqv qt 

M^V½[\Oj[L<ovourxJ+sqtqt„Mj[I[+L[H-bƂV[9SGO\G@„O\LSMS

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L„R[;\W\ĭ\Oj[L<ovrxsvJ+tsxro„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9rprrts v sMJ

oxssqwġoppuoq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howsqqoġpotppt„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Krptqpsu w sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoupqtrġovotsv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hourrqsġ

Ƕ¾qpusrr u rMJ

otpxtxġoutxpo„Mj[-X[ġostspsġourrqs„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtpu(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊM^LO­W^\Oj[L<owqqpuJ+vrtsqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[optprp qu (

<oqotqpJ+qptrqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oposowJ+sxpxvt

„OT]sopxpr po pMJ

O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ostvsvJ+txrpt„Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTspqstqv po sMJ

pqpvprġopsrpo„Mj[-X[ġoqquowġortqot„Mj[(

Ǐdzoutots p rMJ

ovpuqr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprttqġorptor„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppqxqpv qv sMJ

ourrqsġovtrtx„Mj[-X[ġortvqwġotpwoq„Mj[(

S[ȉswqot po rMJ

„9H^powqot qs pMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owqqrpJ+vruqoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<ovourqJ+sqtvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­

S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9

„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovrxsoJ+tsxpqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C 9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owqqrpJ+

vruqoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ovourqJ+sqtvtSI[+L[Hpqsuw poppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

owqqrpJ+vruqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oqotpsJ+qptrvtSI[+L[H

W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovrxsoJ+tsxpqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owqqrpJ+vruqoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„O\LSMS<oqotpsJ+qptrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L< ovourqJ+sqtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lotsptr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovtvqv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpooxpt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqqqqr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[oqrxru„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lostrop„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousxtp

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UH„WŁ[owqwpq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxtvpp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hppqxot„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opptqq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqpot„Mj[(

qP[JpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSrP[J>[Ńqx3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qu@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUppX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTsX[7Lvpp…QcHqxX[z[L.W[QqP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qvWNSpvr

Q[\S196

M[\ď129


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwrpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<pqoopqJ+purxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oppwtr

\Oj[L<ovovroJ+sqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<otrwrtJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JS[\H<potqrpJ+srtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rptrvo w sMJ

J+txtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<oqotqxJ+tptppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Krpurwpr w sMJ

oxqtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqoqxÄĄouprpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqputqq u sMJ

pqpvpsÄĄoroxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossvpsÄĄotsoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;swputs po rMJ

pptuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptuspÄĄoprtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourssx(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<oxsqpwJ+potrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[

qu O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtoqs qv (

ossqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<pqoopqJ+purxpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]sppusv po pMJ

oxsqpwJ+potrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ostwrv

QĂžTsprqrrw pp pMJ

M\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLouprpwÄĄoxssrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtwtxÄĄ

Ç?Çłoutpp p rMJ

oppttuÄĄoqowstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpttuÄĄovtwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lppqxpxrp qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoroxqsÄĄortqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvrwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^powputs qs pMJ

oppuqtÄĄoqrvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ouovqrJ+ ptvpt U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovovqrJ+sqvptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otrwsxJ+ossrvtSI[+L[H

99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[ @Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oxsqppJ+potrqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^S JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovovqrJ+sqvptSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxsqppJ+

potrqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovovqrJ+sqvptSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpv

pxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrwsxJ+ossrvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovovqrJ+sqvptSI[+L[H.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otrwsxJ+ossrvtSI[+L[HK[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsqppJ+potrqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pqooqtJ+

purxtoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxsqppJ+potrqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovovqrJ+sqvptSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ \Oj[L<pqooqtJ+purxtoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsqppJ+potrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpootpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousttt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opppquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?130


rP[JpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ro3\Vb9UQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qv@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUpqX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTtX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHroX[z[L.W[QrP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qwWNSpvr

Q^W\TQMSO.b:\S>[X[SW^Ç&#x192;[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxsrpoJ+pottroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqowrt

\Oj[L<otrxswJ+osvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L<osoqpsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrpoxJ+rvttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqxsxo x sMJ

ssqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotqotwÄĄovouqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krpvtvqp x pMJ

-X[ÄĄpprsowÄĄoqqursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortsotÄĄotrxru

ǜžqpvsopx u sMJ

oqqursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpsrpÄĄostrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loursqq(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<ovpvsqJ+storvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[

qv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortpov qw (

tusptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGL[;\Oj[L<oxsrpoJ+pottro

Â&#x201E;OT]sqpsqr po pMJ

ovpvsqJ+storvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<S[\H<ppottvJ+

QĂžTspsptp pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄporvrpÄĄopptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovptqwÄĄoxqsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłoutott p rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroppxÄĄortsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrqwÄĄ

U\Lppqxpvsx qv sMJ

outxtrÄĄowrwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporstpÄĄppttspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;swprss po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^powprss qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otrxspJ+osusvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<osoqqxJ+tusqrtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[ WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otrxspJ+osusvtS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxsrqrJ+potuqtS I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrxspJ+osusvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osoqqxJ+tusqrtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otrxspJ+osusvtSI[+L[HK[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsrqrJ+potuqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osoqqxJ+tusqrtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpvrtJ+stoqoSI[+L[H <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovpvrtJ+stoqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxsrqrJ+potuqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpvrt

J+stoqoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrxspJ+osusvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsrqrJ+potuqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<osoqqxJ+tusqrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovpvrtJ+stoqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?131


TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoopqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosstoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousqop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orprpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

sP[JpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUprX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTuX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpT[+OL.W[QsP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qxWNSpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovpwttJ+strsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orosow

osorqvJ+tustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oqqqrwJ+tqrpst

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TOQ[J[L<ouosstJ+rpswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ostoruJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spsusr pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLovtxrpÄĄporvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krpxpwtx x pMJ

ourpsxÄĄovptooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqsrqÄĄpprsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqpwqxqs u sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpvptÄĄopooquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovooptÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;swporr po rMJ

ovtqsvÄĄoxprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrts(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<ostoruJ+twspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostqpq qx (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGOO\Oj[L<ovpwttJ+strsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]srpqp po pMJ

twspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqowJ+ruspsqt

QĂžTspssor pp pMJ

opptsoÄĄoroporÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrstÄĄotrxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłoutoru p rMJ

opsrruÄĄoroxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopptsoÄĄoqowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqxptuo qv sMJ

owrxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprtquÄĄorpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^powporr qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oqqqrqJ+tqrproSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oqqqrqJ+tqrproSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqqqrqJ+tqrproSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

ovpwsxJ+strqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqqqrqJ+tqrproSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<ostoqxJ+

twspqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpwsxJ+strqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ostoqxJ+twspqqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovpwsxJ+strqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqqqrqJ+tqrproSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ \Oj[L<ostoqxJ+twspqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotroouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovstrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosspprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourwot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxstqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oporrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?132


tP[JpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSuP[J>[ŃrMijL[PQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qx@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUpsX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTvX[7Lvpp…QcHrT[+OL.W[QtP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQp S\O1T.1j[Tpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxtxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ \Oj[L<ostpquJ+twsrst„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osotox

\Oj[L<oosrsvJ+swqrqt„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

qtrxpvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oqqstuJ+tqrupvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9sqwqusr pq pMJ

\JLotqptuġovovpp„Mj[-X[ġoxstoqġppropv„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Krqosqtw x qMJ

opsrstġotpxtx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoqowoxġortrqr„Mj[

Ƕ¾qpxpxpt u sMJ

pqqqts„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpotostġpprsoo„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[ȉswvqq po rMJ

9[TS[\Hoqrvswġortwts„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrqs(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<oqqstuJ+tqrupvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottpsu ro (

ostpquJ+twsrst„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„O\LSMS<orrvrxJ+

„OT]ssxso po qMJ

O\G@„R[;\WĭQ[J[L<ostwpvJ+qxotqt„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;

QþTsptpwpu pp pMJ

ortrqrġotrwrw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovpsroġoxqspt„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzoutot p rMJ

O[bS[S[\Hoxqsptġpotost„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppropvġ

U\Lppqxpst qv sMJ

ppturuġoprtpt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrxpuġpopvtu„Mj[(

„9H^powvqq qs pMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „;[dz;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<orrvrqJ+qtrwuoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oosrrxJ+swqrtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[ @^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<

orrvrqJ+qtrwuoSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[ „W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oosrrxJ+swqrtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt

pvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oosrrxJ+

swqrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< oqqsswJ+tqrttvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ

\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oosrrxJ+swqrtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqqsswJ+tqrttvt SI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<orrvrqJ+qtrwuoSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[V M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oosrrxJ+swqrtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqqsswJ+

tqrttvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lotqupo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovspsr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxtrro„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqourx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[oqqrtq„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Losrvpx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loursox „Mj[(9^ŦS[\UH„WŁ[owpqqw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxspqw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hppprqp„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqtxrw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orotqr„Mj[( Q[\S196

M[\ď133


uP[JpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;sMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUptX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTwX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHsT[+OL.W[QuP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qS\O1T.1j[TpvrĂ&#x2DC;];bLU>H^I­]\W\Ä­\OL[bj9M_@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqoqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oootsrJ+susvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otpopq

O\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppstoJ+pxspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oootsr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoorrÄĄorporpQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpqstqv pr pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstpoÄĄporvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqrtvÄĄ

O^Krqqxu x qMJ

ostqowÄĄourosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttrsÄĄoppuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqts(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[S[\H<ppppqrJ+ssrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louswot rp (

J+susvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optwoqJ+qpqxqt

Â&#x201E;OT]stvqp po qMJ

otqqqtÄĄovovrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvsrÄĄopptqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTsptturo pp pMJ

poovpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorprruÄĄostqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłousxqq p rMJ

ǜžqqoxsx v pMJ

U\Lppqxpqr qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;swspp po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^powspp qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<ppppptJ+ssrqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<potxsrJ+psqqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potxsrJ+psqqtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppppptJ+ssrqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppppptJ+ssrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<ooottwJ+susvsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< ooottwJ+susvsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppssrJ+pxsostS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppppptJ+ssrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooottwJ+susvsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqoqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosrrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Louropr Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppoxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqttsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oropquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?134


vP[JpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSwP[J>[ŃtMijL[PQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@] rp@^T[/vwxO[+T[bJUpuX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTxX[7Lvpp…QcHtT[+OL.W[QvP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQr S\O1T.1j[Tpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqotwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxtvspJ+spqutvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupvos p 

\Oj[L<ppoosqJ+pssro„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxtvspJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

…H\HT„R[;ǶP\Oj[L<ppotooJ+psptpt„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾\Oj[L<

„@[T[9tqutxqs ps qMJ

ovovtp„Mj[-X[ġowooqoġporvsu„Mj[-X[ġopptpqġ

O^Krqrrvpt x rMJ

oxqrrw„Mj[-X[ġorposvġortspp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

Ƕ¾qqppu v pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowooqoġowtqsx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtutpġ

S[ȉswpo po rMJ

popwotġpptuqx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxpqsvġporsox„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqqq(

VƊ]LíÊ\>Ê[S[\H<oxsxqsJ+spupt„Mj[I[+L[Hlj[H]9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovsopv p (

spqutvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<owtxooJ+wtxqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]suts po qMJ

owqqpwJ+vqvpvt„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ-Q`HbR[;\JLotqqtsġ

QþTspursst pp pMJ

orooox„Mj[-X[ġosstouġouroos„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovtutpġ

Ǐdzouswqt p rMJ

potoqtġpprrsx„Mj[-X[ġortsppġotqotw„Mj[(

U\Lppqxxtt qv sMJ

owsopt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrxspġpopwot„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^powpo qs pMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L O[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ppoortJ+psspqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<oxsxpvJ+spttvtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppoortJ+

psspqtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqo

qqqsqtqvLíÊHS[\H<oxsxpvJ+spttvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[P[H

H^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/S[\H<oxtvttJ+spqvrqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ

8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtvttJ+spqvrqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ppoortJ+psspqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxtvttJ+spqvrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovrrtp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxstrx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpptwsw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

„OL^9[oqpuoo„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Losqxqv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Louqupv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UH„WŁ[owosru„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxrrru„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hppotqx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpqtpsu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtvrp„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpsqr„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď135


wP[JpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;uMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] p.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUpvX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpoX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHuT[+OL.W[QwP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQs S\O1T.1j[TpvrĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]OTbJOJ[1S@bĹ&#x2030;[¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotqxJ+rustptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupvos p 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owtxtpJ+xppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotqxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<owqqsuJ+vqwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upptqo pt qMJ

opptopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrxtpÄĄpotoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvppÄĄ

O^Krqtvpt x rMJ

ouptsvÄĄovowppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqxquÄĄovpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqptrr v pMJ

ovoprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpppÄĄouqxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqxquÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpsx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsqttJ+rwpwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsopv p (

rustptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovpupoJ+ssosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]svqsx po rMJ

ottsqwJ+ppurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstqsÄĄ

QĂžTspvpquo pp qMJ

opssovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqvrtÄĄortsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłousvpu p rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoprssoÄĄorpqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqrqrÄĄ

U\Lppqxvso qv sMJ

ovtotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortxtvÄĄotqpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;svtvto po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povtvto qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrpoJ+rwpxqvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrpoJ+rwpxqvtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotqqJ+russtvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrpoJ+rwpxqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotqqJ+russtvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owqrooJ+vqxqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owotqqJ+russtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrpoJ+rwpxqvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxspsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppoprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqsvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?136


xP[JpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;vMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]q.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUpwX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTppX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHvT[+OL.W[QxP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQt S\O1T.1j[TpvrĂ&#x2DC;]T\TH[WĹ&#x152;Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqptuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ourqssJ+rqtqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovqrrx q 

9SG;S\Oj[L<ovpurwJ+ssptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<ottstuJ+ppvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqtoqp pu qMJ

ÄĄoxstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtttrÄĄoxqqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Krqurwtx x rMJ

ovpqqpÄĄovtttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvowÄĄorpppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqqstso v pMJ

ortstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwprÄĄpptuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourppt(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Q[J[L<ovturuJ+ruqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqwqv q (

ourqssJ+rqtqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ottstuJ+ppuro

Â&#x201E;OT]swort po rMJ

\Oj[L<orssptJ+ttsxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoupupp

QĂžTspvtppt pp qMJ

otqrtpÄĄoupuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppssxÄĄoqovoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłousttt p rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosssoxÄĄotruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpppxÄĄ

U\Lppqxtqo qv sMJ

pptuqoÄĄoprsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvopÄĄoqrwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;svtsrx po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povtsrx qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ourqrvJ+rqtpttSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovtuqxJ+ruqprtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ourqrvJ+rqtpttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9

Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovtuqxJ+ ruqprtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ourqrvJ+rqtpttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovtuqxJ+ruqprtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\O ÇłX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VQ[J[L<ourqrvJ+rqtpttS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovtuqxJ+ruqprtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ourqrvJ+

rqtpttSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottssxJ+ppvqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ourqrvJ+rqtpttSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovtuqxJ+ruqprtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtussÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqsrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otouroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?137


poP[JpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;wMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUpxX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpqX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHwT[+OL.W[QpoP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ uS\O1T.1j[TpvrĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[Ć&#x2020;Q]Ă&#x2DC;]Q\HS[K[S[L]S@SQ\JL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<otqsosJ+qxtxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqwrw r 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otttqtJ+ppvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otqsos

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<optspqJ+tpprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vwsqpp pv qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovppsuÄĄoxqqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrqwÄĄoqqvtv

O^Krqwpqpx x sMJ

ÄĄortpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssqoÄĄoqqvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqqrrwtt v qMJ

9[TS[\HporrroÄĄppttpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louroso(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[Q[J[L<ovrsoqJ+rtqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxprqo r (

J+qxtxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ostxruJ+twtuuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]swtwqs po rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqsqoÄĄovowtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvtpÄĄoppsrv

QĂžTspwqxrp pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortpqrÄĄotrttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtxow

Ç?Çłoussqp p rMJ

orpqpqÄĄostopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoqpwÄĄowsopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqxqtr qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;svtpqw po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povtpqw qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovrrttJ+rtqrtvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovrrttJ+

rtqrtvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otqrtwJ+qxtxtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L <ovrrttJ+rtqrtvtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otqrtwJ+qxtxtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <otttpvJ+ppvqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Q[J[L<otqrtwJ+qxtxtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L< ovrrttJ+rtqrtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppsvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqospqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?138


ppP[JpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;xMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUqoX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTprX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHxT[+OL.W[QppP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ vS\O1T.1j[Tpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqtsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ossqsvJ+qwpstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrpqx s 

O[TO\Oj[L<ostxsrJ+twtvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ossqsv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ooqvpqJ+svrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqqxpo pw qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortotvÄĄotrtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqvqxÄĄovpppo

O^Krqxsvw x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppsqsÄĄoqourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvoqÄĄ

ǜžqqsrqsu v qMJ

oprrtwÄĄorppsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsxqsÄĄoxppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louroos(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Q[J[L<ovrwqwJ+rtrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtuoo s (

J+qwpstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osrrotJ+tvsxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sxtups po rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowopqoÄĄporvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsqsÄĄoqtwsu

QĂžTspxvsw pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqqptÄĄpprrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssquÄĄorppsx

Ç?Çłousqrs p rMJ

opoossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoqrwÄĄowsoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppqxoqo qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;svswpv po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povswpv qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovrwsrJ+rtrssvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<ovrwsrJ+rtrssvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ovrwsrJ+rtrssvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ossqsoJ+qwpssoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ( Q[J[L<ossqsoJ+qwpssoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovrwsrJ+rtrssvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppsrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosprsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqruoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqspsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?139


pqP[JpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;poMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUqpX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpsX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpoT[+OL.W[QpqP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQwS\O1T.1j[Tpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<osrpqqJ+qvstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporqqo t 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osrrpoJ+tvsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HS[\H<ppqrtuJ+sstusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wtqoqv px qMJ

ppqxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortoqxÄĄotrsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovporsÄĄ

O^Kspqrpx po pMJ

oqoupvÄĄortoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqptrÄĄposxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqtqvpq v qMJ

pprrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuoqÄĄoprrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxqu(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpqsvJ+rutwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporvrw t (

osrpqqJ+qvstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osrvroJ+tvtxqt

Â&#x201E;OT]spotsu po sMJ

.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotqtpuÄĄovoxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxstsvÄĄ

QĂžTspxsuu pp qMJ

oxqptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssrpÄĄotqrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłousort p rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxtxÄĄpqqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposxquÄĄ

U\Lppqwtvsp qv sMJ

owsorxÄĄpopwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrxpsÄĄosoppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;svstu po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povstu qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpropJ+rutxqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owpropJ+rutxqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osrpptJ+qvsstvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpropJ+rutxqqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osrpptJ+

qvsstvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Q[J[L<osrpptJ+qvsstvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxquooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosoxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovsstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?140


prP[JpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ppMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUqqX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTptX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHppT[+OL.W[QprP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ xS\O1T.1j[TpvrĂ&#x2DC;]M[cÇ&#x2C6;9­[JU]M\SO\H­L]59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrtpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ostppwJ+qwrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpprpro u 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osrvptJ+tvtwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LS[\H<postrqJ+srpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpwpup qo qMJ

ovoxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvtrÄĄopprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Ksrost po pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorppooÄĄosswrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosswrqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwsw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H<oxpvsqJ+rxrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppxpv u (

ostppwJ+qwrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otpqtrJ+txqusqt

Â&#x201E;OT]spptpuo po sMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoostÄĄorpqpwQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqtssÄĄ

QĂžTsqoqsqs pp rMJ

oxsttpÄĄporvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqpqxÄĄpootqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłourwqs p qMJ

ouquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptstwÄĄoppvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqquqqpq v qMJ

U\Lppqwtstu qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;svsptu po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povsptu qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<oxpvrtJ+rxrxrvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otprowJ+txqvqoSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otprow J+txqvqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp rsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxpvrtJ+rxrxrvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqo qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ostpppJ+qwrrrvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxpvrtJ+rxrxrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ostpppJ+qwrrrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

S[\H<oxpvrtJ+rxrxrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ostpppJ+qwrrrvtS

I[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L <ostpppJ+qwrrrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ S[\H<oxpvrtJ+rxrxrvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosottpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouoqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovspopÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpospttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?141


psP[JpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pqMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]v.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUqrX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpuX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpqT[+OL.W[QpsP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ poS\O1T.1j[TpvrĂ&#x2DC;]O[QL@jÄź]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<otspsvJ+rorwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqqxpw v 

1ÄĄS[V[i[S[\H<potpsuJ+srrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oupwpoJ+qwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xotusp qp qMJ

otqupqÄĄovpootÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoqoqÄĄporvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kssrxqp po qMJ

ovtrpsÄĄoxqpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpqrqÄĄortuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqvpvsu v rMJ

otqsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoqoqÄĄowtrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;svrwst po rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopwqrÄĄppttsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpoouÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwox(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqupq\Oj[LoxstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqoptq v (

otpqpvJ+txqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otspsvJ+rorwtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]spqsxtu po sMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½S[\H<porooxJ+sqrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsqpqsq pp rMJ

opprsqÄĄoqtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosspqxÄĄouqtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłouruo p qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposwtvÄĄpprqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortuqwÄĄ

U\Lppqwtqt qv sMJ

ovtrpsÄĄowrvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsotxÄĄpopwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^povrwst qs pMJ

porqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<potprwJ+srrrrtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<potprwJ+

srrrrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otspsoJ+rorwsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<potprwJ+srrrrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otspsoJ+

rorwsoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<potprwJ+srrrrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

otspsoJ+rorwsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<otspsoJ+rorwsoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJS[\H<potprwJ+srrrrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovoupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovrvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqroooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?142


ptP[JpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;prMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]w.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUqsX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpvX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHprT[+OL.W[QptP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ ppS\O1T.1j[Tpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ovooopJ+rrtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqtsx w 

K\LĆ&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oupvpoJ+quptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLS[\H<poruopJ+sqtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xprqsq qq qMJ

poswsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpusrÄĄopssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqwstÄĄ

O^Ksupxp po qMJ

ouqsrwÄĄovowrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprqtrÄĄorpoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqwprtp v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqsrwÄĄovsvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoqpvÄĄotqssw

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvqx(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ootqouJ+swrqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsuos w (

ovooopJ+rrtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovswruJ+ttrsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]sprsvts pp pMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsttxÄĄopprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrusoÄĄ

QĂžTsqpspq pp rMJ

ortusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupwrpÄĄovpoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłourrqs p qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotqusoÄĄovortsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvqrÄĄouqsrw

U\Lppqwsxx qv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;svrtrs po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povrtrs qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ootptxJ+swrqpoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ootptxJ+swrqpoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outxtsJ+rrtrtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oupvosJ+qtuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<outxtsJ+rrtrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

ootptxJ+swrqpoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ 

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovoqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opssrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovrrox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqquosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?143


puP[JpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;psMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]x.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUqtX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpwX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpsT[+OL.W[QpuP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ pqS\O1T.1j[Tpvr

Q^W\TQMSO.\@QX[L\OS@SQ\JL 0bJ\QT[Ç&#x161;Ĺ&#x2021;\O Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsppvJ+rwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqotp x 

9SG;S\Oj[L<ovsvrvJ+ttpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsppv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;S[\H<potwosJ+srsvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqtsoqo qr pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqvovÄĄoupwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopprpoÄĄoqostw

O^Ksvtxso po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossopxÄĄotrqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorprooÄĄ

ǜžqqxpoqu v rMJ

ppttroÄĄoprqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvptÄĄoqrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqusv(

M_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<orpqtuJ+tsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprqpt x (

J+rwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxrwtqJ+poqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]spssttr pp pMJ

\JLoupwtsÄĄoxsuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtqosÄĄoxqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTsqqpxqq pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovtwÄĄovtqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpurvÄĄorproo

Ç?Çłouroru p qMJ

ortvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwqsÄĄppttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppqwsuu qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;svrqqr po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povrqqr qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspoxJ+rwttSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<orpqtoJ+tsqrpoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspoxJ+rwttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpu pwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orpqtoJ+tsqrpoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspoxJ+ rwttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/

:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspoxJ+rwttSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovsvroJ+ttotvtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspoxJ+rwttSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqxpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?144


pvP[JpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ptMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUquX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpxX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHptT[+OL.W[QpvP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQprS\O1T.1j[TpvrĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]QÄ°[;OH@jÄź] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtssO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ S[\H<porwopJ+sqtuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorprtv po 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxrvrqJ+poqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<porwop

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvrsÄĄovpotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9povswqt qs pMJ

pprqqoÄĄoqqxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorswooÄĄotrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksxsppq po rMJ

oqqxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroxpsÄĄossupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louquot(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<otsuqtJ+osuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqoqu po (

J+sqtuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[S[\H<pprprwJ+stpopo

Â&#x201E;OT]sptsrtt pp pMJ

porvsvÄĄoppqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovpvÄĄoxpxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTsqqtvsr pp rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtupwÄĄorswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsstqÄĄ

Ç?Çłouqvrt p qMJ

ovosrpÄĄowspqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporpruÄĄpptsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrovrp v sMJ

U\Lppqwsqtw qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;svqxpq po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povqxpq qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<otsupuJ+ostrvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ S[\H<porvtrJ+sqttsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otsupu J+ostrvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ S[\H<porvtrJ+sqttsvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otsupuJ+ostrvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otsupuJ+ostrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\L

I[bL/S[\H<porvtrJ+sqttsvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxrvqtJ+poqsrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<porvtrJ+sqttsvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otsupuJ+ostrvtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxouqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opruspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqtpw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?145


pwP[JpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;puMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUqvX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqoX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpuT[+OL.W[QpwP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpsS\O1T.1j[TpvrMjT[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;X\QT \MH`MĂ­  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqupqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<oosotqJ+swouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lososrs pp 

\Oj[L<owqrotJ+vpurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<oooxrpJ+susqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popxtprr qs sMJ

oqtttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvqwÄĄotrosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqqoÄĄ

O^Ksppqrrr po sMJ

orprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqrvÄĄoqospsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžrptt v sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoprptwÄĄorowstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovstpxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtqq(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<otstosJ+osqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orpopu pp (

pprwrtJ+ptquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oosotqJ+swouo

Â&#x201E;OT]spusptx pp qMJ

U_T-Q`HbR[;\JLowoqtrÄĄporvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppqrvÄĄ

QĂžTsqrrus pp sMJ

ovouruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpxqqÄĄpprqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssttÄĄ

Ç?Çłouqsqq p qMJ

pqpuqsÄĄopoorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovossxÄĄowspruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqwrxss qv sMJ

oxowpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;svqup po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povqup qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<otssttJ+osqptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owqqtxJ+vpupvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^

;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V

\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otssttJ+osqptSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqqtxJ+vpupvtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otssttJ+osqptSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqqtxJ+ vpupvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

owqqtxJ+vpupvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otssttJ+osqpt SI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oosossJ+swosoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<owqqtxJ+vpupvtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oosossJ+swosoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otssttJ+osqptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oosossJ+swosoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

\Oj[L<owqqtxJ+vpupvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovqpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqowrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?146


pxP[JpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pvMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUqwX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqpX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpvT[+OL.W[QpxP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQptS\O1T.1j[Tpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqusoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oqsootJ+tqtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lostqpq pq 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsposJ+qorproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oossrqJ+swxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotqwqwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppptrpq qt sMJ

otroooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovottrÄĄoxpwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsstvÄĄ

O^Ksprurw po sMJ

oxpwtsÄĄposvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxpsÄĄpqqosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqru v sMJ

oprprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowspssÄĄpopwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsrw(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<owqpssJ+vprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osopow pq (

\Oj[L<oqsootJ+tqtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]spvsot pp qMJ

ovpprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsupoÄĄppqxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsutuÄĄ

QĂžTsqspsqu pp sMJ

otqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqortpÄĄorsutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłouqotv p qMJ

9^\T9S[\HposvrtÄĄpprptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttooÄĄ

U\Lppqwruqt qv sMJ

oqsoqrÄĄosorrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;svqqtp po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povqqtp qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owqptwJ+vprstSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<potrrrJ+prrprtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqptwJ+vprstSI[+L[H

O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqptwJ+vprstSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potrrrJ+ prrprtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

owqptwJ+vprstSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potrrrJ+prrprtS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owqptwJ+vprstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oqsoqoJ+tqtwrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqsoqoJ+tqtwrqtS

I[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owqptwJ+vprstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqsoqoJ+tqtwrqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potrrrJ+

prrprtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovpvqu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqosrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?147


qoP[JpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pwMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pr.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUqxX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqqX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpwT[+OL.W[QqoP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpuS\O1T.1j[Tpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<osqustJ+tvqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotrurx pr 

9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtpuJ+qtpttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sxpquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoorsÄĄorprto

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppprtutu qu sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuppÄĄporvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpwquÄĄ

O^Kspstoqr pp pMJ

ossspuÄĄouqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrtuÄĄoppvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrtr(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<potqsoJ+prqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ostqqs pr (

osqustJ+tvqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<opporrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spwrwpq pp qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqwttÄĄovppsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvrxÄĄoppqoo

QĂžTsqstqsx pp sMJ

pooqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorovsvÄĄossspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłoupvqp p qMJ ǜžrrprs v sMJ

U\Lppqwrrp qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;svpxso po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povpxso qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<potqrrJ+prqxtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<potqrrJ+prqxtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potqrrJ+prqxt SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<potqrrJ+prqxtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<osqvooJ+tvqsvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<potqrrJ+prqxtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osqvooJ+tvqsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovprqx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqoosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?148


qpP[JpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pxMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ps.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUroX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqrX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpxT[+OL.W[QqpP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpvS\O1T.1j[Tpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvrsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<osqtstJ+tvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupwop ps 

MS<opowouJ+pxutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ottqroJ+otustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppquupq qv rMJ

ovpqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoworqwÄĄporvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopppsqÄĄ

O^Kspursss pp pMJ

oxpvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpsoqÄĄortwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžrsoqw w pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoworqwÄĄowtstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovswtuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;svpuqx po rMJ

popwpxÄĄpptsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoutoÄĄporopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrov(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ottqroJ+otustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otsrro ps (

osqtstJ+tvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otpqppJ+qxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]spxruqq pp qMJ

\Oj[L<opqpotJ+sxrwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotqxqpÄĄ

QĂžTsqtrppq pp sMJ

oqtsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrvppÄĄoupxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovswtuÄĄ

Ç?Çłouprrq p qMJ

posutxÄĄpprpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortwrrÄĄotqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqwqxrp qv sMJ

owrrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqooÄĄpopwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^povpuqx qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowqoJ+pxvqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowqoJ+pxvqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝9

9^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LS MS<opowqoJ+pxvqvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowqoJ+pxvqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottqstJ+otvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opowqoJ+pxvqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottqstJ+otvqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpporsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovoxrs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?149


qqP[JpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pxMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pt.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUrpX[7LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqsX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpxT[+OL.W[QqqP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpwS\O1T.1j[Tpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ottptpJ+ottvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louturw pt 

<oropruJ+qrsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ottptp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outqooJ+rqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9owqspp p rMJ

opppqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrqtqÄĄposusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpttpÄĄ

O^Kspwpxru pp qMJ

ouqpotÄĄovpqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupxotÄĄovorspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrstxsv w pMJ

ovottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossqttÄĄoupxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupxotÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqqo(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<outqooJ+rqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loursow pu (

J+ottvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ouqtqoJ+rqpwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqorsrs pp rMJ

opppquJ+sxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsuprÄĄ

QĂžTsquxrv pp sMJ

opstorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqxrwÄĄortwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłouxrq p qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoproruÄĄorousuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqxswÄĄ

U\Lppqwqttu qv sMJ

ovsqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄososqsÄĄotqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;svprpw po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povprpw qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroptoJ+qrtotSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oroptoJ+qrtotSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroptoJ+qrtotSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottpssJ+otstoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outptpJ+rqsqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottpssJ+otstoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroptoJ+qrtotSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<outptpJ+rqsqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orroqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovotrw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osptqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?150


qrP[JpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qoMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pu.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUpP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqtX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqoT[+OL.W[QqrP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ pxS\O1T.1j[Tpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwqwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<outpqoJ+rqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrrou pu 

Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Q[J[L<osqvsrJ+qvqrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovpoosJ+rsxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovqotpJ+srtqvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqotrrw q rMJ

XV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLouqpquÄĄoxsupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsvruÄĄ

O^Ksqostv pp rMJ

opppoqÄĄoqoqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoqttÄĄovsvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrttxro w pMJ

9^\T9S[\HorpsqtÄĄortxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwpsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;svpov po rMJ

oppvowÄĄoqsottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqprr(

\Oj[L<ovqotpJ+srtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqspu pv (

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outpqoJ+rqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]sqprqsw pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<oorwssJ+svtopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTsquswq pq pMJ

oxputwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotropsÄĄouqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłoutqp p qMJ

pqptsqÄĄorpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrttoÄĄotqvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqwqqpu qv sMJ

pptspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptspsÄĄopropsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^povpov qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<osqvtuJ+qvqsptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oorwtxJ+svtosvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oorwtx J+svtosvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqvtuJ+qvqsptSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osqvtuJ+ qvqsptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqvtuJ+ qvqsptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqpouJ+srutSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

outpprJ+rqqqvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqpouJ+srutSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outpprJ+rqqqvtSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<osqvtuJ+qvqsptSI[+L[HXO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovqpouJ+srutS

I[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovopsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpooqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppswtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?151


qsP[JpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qpMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUqP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTquX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqpT[+OL.W[QqsP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqoS\O1T.1j[Tpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovqorsJ+srsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howowow pv 

otqrtuJ+qxsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovqors

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovpxoxJ+srovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GS[\H<ppsptv

Â&#x201E;@[T[9prruss r rMJ

-X[ÄĄporvqpÄĄopposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoqoxÄĄoxpuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqptosr pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtqtuÄĄorssoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstosÄĄ

ǜžrutxrv w qMJ

ovouroÄĄowsqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqxpqÄĄpptroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqoss(

\Oj[L<ovpxoxJ+srovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowpspo pw (

J+srsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovqrswJ+rssqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]sqqrps pp rMJ

J+stqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrosoÄĄovpqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqvquqv pq pMJ

-X[ÄĄpprosuÄĄoqqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorssoqÄĄotqupu

Ç?Çłouotv p qMJ

oqqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorotsqÄĄossprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppqwpwrp qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;svutv po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povutv qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otqrswJ+qxsqtoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqosxJ+srtqqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otqrswJ+

qxsqtoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqosxJ+srtqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otqrswJ+qxsqtoS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpxooJ+sqxstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqosxJ+

srtqqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpxooJ+sqxstSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

ovqosxJ+srtqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Q[J[L<otqrswJ+qxsqtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovpxooJ+sqxstSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotpxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Loutvsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?152


qtP[JpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qqMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUrP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqvX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqqT[+OL.W[QqtP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqpS\O1T.1j[Tpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovpwtpJ+sqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howsqrp pw 

otsxrrJ+rosuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGOO\Oj[L<ovpwtpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oususxJ+rxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;S[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppurstt s qMJ

porvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppoqpÄĄoqtqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrquÄĄ

O^Ksqrrusx pp sMJ

pproroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstotÄĄorpssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžrwou w qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovousuÄĄowsqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqxqxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxtt(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oususxJ+rxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxospt px (

sqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovourvJ+rrtwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqrqxqr pp sMJ

poqorwJ+sqrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLowosppÄĄ

QĂžTsqwsts pq pMJ

otqtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupurpÄĄovopqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpttuÄĄ

Ç?Çłottuqr p qMJ

oppoqpÄĄoqopqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqptqqÄĄopooprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqwpssq qv sMJ

orotpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsorvÄĄoxosssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;svrsu po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^povrsu qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<otsxswJ+rosustSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oususqJ+rwuoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpxouJ+sroSI[+L[HO`V 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oususqJ+rwuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X

9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

otsxswJ+rosustSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Q[J[L<otsxswJ+rosustSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpxou

J+sroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpxouJ+sroSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oususqJ+rwuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovpxouJ+sroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otsxswJ+rosustS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< oususqJ+rwuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opotptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotptrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoutrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppspopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?153


quP[JpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qrMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUsP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqwX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqrT[+OL.W[QquP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqqS\O1T.1j[Tpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ousutqJ+rxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxpvow px 

otsuqsJ+rorwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ousutqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<otsuorJ+oruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqxswtr t qMJ

ovprqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsupsÄĄppqwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqsxÄĄ

O^Ksqtqrpr pp sMJ

otqxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqootuÄĄorsqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžrxotw w qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpostpwÄĄpproptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrrtÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;svort po rMJ

oqspptÄĄosotrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxot(

LOQ]\Oj[L<otsuorJ+oruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxttot qo (

rxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<oupxtqJ+rqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]sqsqvsr pp sMJ

owrupxJ+rvsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrprpÄĄ

QĂžTsqwsrqp pq pMJ

otqssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoortÄĄoxptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstotÄĄ

Ç?Çłottprw p qMJ

oxptqtÄĄpostpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwovÄĄpqpxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqwposv qv sMJ

opqxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsqrrÄĄpopwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^povort qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oususuJ+rxpoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otsupvJ+rorvtvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oususuJ+rxpoS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq

qsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otsupvJ+rorvtvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

Q[J[L<otsupvJ+rorvtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L

I[bL/\Oj[L<oususuJ+rxpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otsupuJ+orutqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oususuJ+rxpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otsupvJ+rorvtvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otsupuJ+orutqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoupxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpossouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotpprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?154


qvP[JpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qsMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUtP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqxX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqsT[+OL.W[QqvP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqrS\O1T.1j[Tpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotropsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otsuqwJ+orvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtqtv qo 

<otpursJ+qxqqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG;S\Oj[L<otsuqw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osqosuJ+tvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qprpwqv u qMJ

opoooqÄĄorptowQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrptvÄĄovprrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqvxtp pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpstrÄĄoxtxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorosorÄĄ

ǜžrpoqpp w rMJ

pptqqxÄĄopputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwps(

JUQ]\Oj[L<osqosuJ+tvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lposvpt qp (

J+orvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otouroJ+qwtvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sqtquu pp sMJ

Q[J[L<ourossJ+rqqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QĂžTsqxqpsx pq pMJ

-X[ÄĄporvosÄĄopoxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuprÄĄporvos

Ç?Çłotsusp p qMJ

osrxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrxqsÄĄoupsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lppqwusw qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;sutvqs po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poutvqs qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<otpusxJ+qxqrptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsusqJ+orvtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otpusxJ+qxqrptS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otpusxJ+qxqrptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otpusxJ+qxqrptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otsusqJ+orvtvtS I[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osqpopJ+tvqsoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otsusqJ+orvtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otpusxJ+qxqrptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osqpop J+tvqsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouptpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orposwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?155


qwP[JpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;quMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUuP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTroX[7LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHquT[+OL.W[QqwP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qsS\O1T.1j[TpvrĂ&#x2DC;]/\Ĺ S[59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrosoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osqprrJ+tvruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hporotx qp 

Q[J[L<osqsosJ+qvpopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oqrsrwJ+tqrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqvqrv v rMJ

otrqqqÄĄovprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowossoÄĄporutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqwtuso pq pMJ

ovssoqÄĄoxpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpstvÄĄosooorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpprss w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowossoÄĄowttquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovssoqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sutspr po rMJ

popvtuÄĄpptrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqtvÄĄpoqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvqr(

59[JU]\Oj[L<oqrsrwJ+tqrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppsppt qq (

osqprrJ+tvruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orroqvJ+qstupt

Â&#x201E;OT]squqsro pp sMJ

OS]j[LQ[J[L<osouqvJ+ququptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtoopw pq qMJ

opoxptÄĄoqtosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrqpxÄĄouprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłotsprs p qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpossqsÄĄppqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosooorÄĄotrops

U\Lppqwqst qv sMJ

owqxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqssÄĄpopvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poutspr qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orroqoJ+qstttvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<osqspxJ+qvpottSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orroqoJ+

qstttvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqspxJ+qvpottSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osqspxJ+qvpottSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqspxJ+qvpottSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oqrsrpJ+tqrtqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqrsrpJ+

tqrtqqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orroqoJ+qstttvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqspxJ+qvpottSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oqrsrpJ+tqrtqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoupppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotorsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?156


qxP[JpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSroP[J>[ŃqvMijL[PQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qq.;ƆvwxO[+T[bJUvP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTrpX[7Lvpp…QcHqvT[+OL.W[QqxP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qtS\O1T.1j[Tpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<oorprtJ+svquuo„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppqqp qq 

M^V½[„O\LSMS<orpqtpJ+qspppqt„Mj[I[+L[H-bƂV[9SG„9gTO

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

svquuo„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;M\S<„O\LSMS<opqvopJ+pxsurvt

„@[T[9rpotxrw w rMJ

owqwqxġpossoq„Mj[-X[ġpqpsqsġopssst„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Ktosrru pq qMJ

9^\T9S[\Houpqtuġoutwov„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvtrġ

Ƕ¾rpqtrw w rMJ

ġoupqtu„Mj[(9[TS[\Houpqtuġovrvrx„Mj[-X[ġosottv

O^SH/Q[J[Loupurp(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrqsv\Oj[Loxsupo„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqrvqp qr (

„O\LSMS<oprtpxJ+qovqqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<oorprtJ+

„OT]sqvqqtv pq pMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsupoġopowtr„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QþTtorwsv pq qMJ

oqqxtuġosoopw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqrqwġovpsox„Mj[(

Ǐdzotrupu p qMJ

oroqts„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrqsvġovovsx„Mj[-X[ġosrvtt

U\Lppqvtwrv qv sMJ

ġotroso„Mj[(

S[ȉsutpr po rMJ

„9H^poutpr qs pMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ„O\LSMS<orprouJ+qspptoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ

\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[„O\LSMS<opqvptJ+pxsvpqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<orprouJ+qspptoSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oorpqwJ+ svqusqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oorpqwJ+svqusqtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<opqvptJ+pxsvpqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<orprouJ+qspptoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oorpqwJ+svqusqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Louovqo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowpxpo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lporqpw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqsxrp„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[oroqtu„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lostxsv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lourwou„Mj[( Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owovou„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxrwtx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hppqtpv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprpoo„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvtq„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď157


roP[JpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qwMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qr.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUwP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqwT[+OL.W[QroP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ quS\O1T.1j[Tpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrprpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<popupvJ+spswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptwox qr 

9SG;S\Oj[L<ppqtstJ+pssqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<popupv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

U9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<portssJ+pqrvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqtvv x rMJ

oxsuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqrsÄĄoxprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Ktqrorw pq qMJ

outvpvÄĄovsqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpspqÄĄorptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrprvtp w rMJ

osoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvsuÄĄpptqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louptrw(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvrvJ+qorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprtqs qs (

J+spswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxotooJ+wsxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqwqpqv pq pMJ

ovrtqpJ+ttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLouqrswÄĄ

QĂžTtppvpv pq qMJ

otrrprÄĄouqrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowroÄĄoptxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłotrosw p qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosrotpÄĄotqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorptpvÄĄ

U\Lppqvtsqt qv sMJ

pptqrvÄĄopqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppuquÄĄoqspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;susvtq po rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^pousvtq qs pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvqxJ+qorustSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<popuoxJ+spswqtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;

H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<porttwJ+pqrvtvtS I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H<popuoxJ+spswqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS

<opsvqxJ+qorustSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvqxJ+qorustSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<popuoxJ+spswqtS I[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<porttwJ+pqrvtvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ S[\H<popuoxJ+spswqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [oworppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?158


rpP[JpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSp.\LjL>[ŃqxMijL[PQ[X[vppU9[ŕwsu\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qs.;ƆvwxO[+T[bJUxP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqP[Jvpp…QcHqxT[+OL.W[QrpP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqvS\O1T.1j[TpvrØ]Ø]\OLj9Q­[M^@[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrptvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ Q[J[L<ovtrqsJ+rttoqvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqsxpt qs 

M_O­N[ǵL]9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oxouowJ+wtqpvt„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

qsttt„Mj[I[+L[HL[;„R[;\Wĭ\Oj[L<ovruoxJ+tvqo„Mj[

„@[T[9sxqqs po rMJ

otrrrvġovpsrv„Mj[-X[ġporurvġopowou„Mj[O[bS[

O^Ktspvsp pq rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLorrxruġotqoru„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxouġ

Ƕ¾rpspoqr w sMJ

oropsrġosruqs„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovowpwġowsqtx„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsst(

I[+L[HI[\>LíÊQ<[\Oj[L<pqpqtwJ+purxqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqrsrt qt (

<ovtrqsJ+rttoqvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<ourxtxJ+

„OT]sqxpxtw pq pMJ

I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<osrpouJ+tvqrsqt„Mj[I[+L[HǶP-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTtpttsw pq qMJ

S[\Houtuqvġoxpqrq„Mj[-X[ġppqwrwġoqroos„Mj[(

Ǐdzotqtx p qMJ

orrxru„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopsssrġoqroos„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppqvtow qv sMJ

9[TS[\Hpoquptġpptppw„Mj[(

S[ȉsusssp po rMJ

„9H^pousssp qs pMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<pqpqtpJ+purxtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L1ǚS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<porqqtJ+pqquuoSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ovruqqJ+tvtqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[

„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<pqpqtpJ+purxtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpv pxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<porqqtJ+pqquuoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHXO[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<pqpqtpJ+purxtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<porqqtJ+pqquuoSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/

QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<porqqtJ+pqquuoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H

Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovtrpvJ+rttopoSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovruqqJ+tvtqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pqpqtpJ+purxtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovtrpvJ+rttopoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porqqtJ+pqquuoS I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lottxro„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowpppw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpoqsqv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqsprx„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[oqttos„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lostptt„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Louropu„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovtxpt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxrpox„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpppvqt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqrow„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsooo„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď159


p.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;roMÄłL[PQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qt.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUpoP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTrP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHroT[+OL.W[Qp.\XȤ

M[=[LQ^W\TQqwS\O1T.1j[Tpvr W[+ž[\ğX\QH/rpP[JpxuQ[\S vwxwqs \L+bIg9[M[ J+spupqt < qptwSWQj 

QX[Tj[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;T\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<otqvsoJ+qxstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opsttx

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<owtqtrJ+wpvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qxstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ospsrtJ+tuspqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqrspps pp sMJ

opqtstJ+sxrxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotrsoqÄĄ

O^Ktussr pq rMJ

oxpptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtvqtÄĄpqprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssspÄĄ

ǜžrptprps w sMJ

oupooxÄĄowqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovsqÄĄoptwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;suspro po rMJ

owsrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqurvÄĄoropovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louprtp(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<porrpxJ+pqqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorrrrq qu (

\Oj[L<ouspovJ+qswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Q[J[L<otqvsoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]topwrp pq qMJ

OOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<osrptqJ+tvqtrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<

QĂžTtqrsqo pq qMJ

ouqsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpstpÄĄppqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqurpÄĄ

Ç?Çłotpxqp p qMJ

orptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossuroÄĄotrptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Lppqvstsw qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqprsvÄĄpqtxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovowrrÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^pouspro qs pMJ

ovrtqrÄĄoxooruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<porrrrJ+pqqxtoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otqvrqJ+qxsssvtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<owtrouJ+wpvsoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouspqpJ+qsxqoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otqvrqJ+qxsssvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porrrr

J+pqqxtoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtrouJ+wpvsoSI[+L[Hprtu

wpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porrrrJ+pqqxtoSI[+L[H 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<porrrrJ+pqqxtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otqvrqJ+qxsssvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouspqpJ+qsxqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porrrrJ+pqqxtoSI[+L[H

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L <otqvrqJ+qxsssvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owtrouJ+wpvsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?160


TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotttrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowovqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LossvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppprqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orruotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?161


q.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qu.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUppP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTsP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qq.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQqxS\O1T.1j[Tpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ororqpJ+qrsrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsvsx

XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<ovpwruJ+sqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<optroxJ+tosustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9twpr pq sMJ

ÄĄouqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptotÄĄowotqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuqpÄĄ

O^Ktvtpsp pq sMJ

orptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqssuÄĄovptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžrpupuqq w sMJ

9^\T9S[\HposqqwÄĄppqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptptoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;surwpx po qMJ

oqsprtÄĄosoutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqtu(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<owtsooJ+wpxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losrosr qv (

osptssJ+tussptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ororqpJ+qrsrpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]tppvv pq qMJ

ǜžS[\H<poqqttJ+sqqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrsqv

QĂžTtrpqtr pq qMJ

opovpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutsstÄĄovsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxppqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłotprqq p qMJ

optvrvÄĄosqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqusoÄĄpqputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqvspqs qv sMJ

opqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrowÄĄpopvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^pourwpx qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owtrtqJ+wpxrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovpwqxJ+sqotSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupw

qoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtrtqJ+wpxrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <ovpwqxJ+sqotSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<owtrtqJ+wpxrtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS <ororrvJ+qrsrtvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpwqxJ+sqotSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtrtqJ+wpxrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ororrvJ+qrsrtvtSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ororrvJ+qrsrtvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ( \Oj[L<owtrtqJ+wpxrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ororrvJ+qrsrtvtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovpwqxJ+sqotSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoworquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpopurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppoxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?162


r.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qv.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUpqP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTtP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qr.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQroS\O1T.1j[Tpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pqstrpJ+pvtvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortrpv

ottsorJ+osvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pqstrpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹQ[J[L<ovqurtJ+rssoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqqpvtx pr sMJ

outrtrÄĄoxtuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqoÄĄorpttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktxrwrp pq sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxposwÄĄoxtuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqtxtsÄĄ

ǜžrpvpxsw x pMJ

pptorpÄĄoppuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqop(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<ovpxqqJ+sqqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<

qv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotqstq qw (

pvtvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<ppsoopJ+stprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]tqptst pq qMJ

otrstpÄĄovptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptvovÄĄorrvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTtrtpqv pq rMJ

osoprpÄĄotrqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsttxÄĄporuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłotvpt p qMJ

osrsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrsotÄĄouowptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lppqvrutu qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;surtx po qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^pourtx qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovpxruJ+sqqtqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovquswJ+rssotqtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

\Oj[L<ottrttJ+osvsoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovquswJ+rssotqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpxruJ+sqqtqtSI[+L[Hqsuv

xppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottrttJ+osvsoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpxruJ+sqqtqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqstsuJ+pvtwpvt SI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ottrttJ+osvsoSI[+L[H P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<porvtxJ+pqrvtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqstsuJ+pvtwpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

pqstsuJ+pvtwpvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<porvtxJ+pqrvtoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(

\Oj[L<ovpxruJ+sqqtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ \Oj[L<pqstsuJ+pvtwpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottrttJ+osvsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porvtxJ+pqrvtoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ Q[\S196

M[\Ä?163


TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpopqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LossoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovsvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opppqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

s.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;rJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qw.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUprP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTuP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHrÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qs.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQpS\O1WW[\Lpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrrvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<porwtqJ+pqsoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otooqs

ottssxJ+osxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ossrrqJ+tvtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

S[\H<oxsorqJ+sopspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owsurrJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uuqwrx ps sMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtpuÄĄouqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptrq

O^Ktppqtpq pr pMJ

ouovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutropÄĄoxtttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprovÄĄ

ǜžrpwqrrp x pMJ

owotsoÄĄowttswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrwstÄĄowqsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;surptw po qMJ

pptppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowtwsuÄĄpoqsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louppot(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<owsurrJ+vtwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louptrp qx (

I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG;S\Oj[L<porwtqJ+pqsoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]trpsqt pq qMJ

vtwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Q[J[L<ossopwJ+qvsrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtsrop pq rMJ

ÄĄoxsttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuqpÄĄorrutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqvopÄĄ

Ç?Çłototv p qMJ

orpuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosopstÄĄotrrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lppqvrqqt qv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowsrpuÄĄpopvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvpuÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^pourptw qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?164


@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

O[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ottssqJ+osxrvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ossrsvJ+tvtppvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍ

OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S „QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH \Oj[L<ottssqJ+osxrvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<ossrsvJ+

tvtppvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ottssqJ+osxrvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<porwssJ+pqrxsqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ossrsv J+tvtppvtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owsusvJ+vtwsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<

ossrsvJ+tvtppvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<porwssJ+pqrxsqtSI[+L[HQ^ż[ :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsusvJ+vtwsvtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottssqJ+osxrvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porwssJ+pqrxsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossrsvJ+tvtppvtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owsusvJ+ vtwsvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lotsrsu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovttrr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpoowsq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqqttu„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[oqrxqp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Losrupq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Loupsrq„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovsrrp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxptqs„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hppopsp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opovqu„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqspv„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď165


t.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;sJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qx.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUpsP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTvP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qt.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQqS\O1WW[\Lpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsoqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<owsvpwJ+wotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louovqq ro 

ossspvJ+tvtqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[\Oj[L<ortqotJ+ttspqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<ovtwqoJ+rttvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovptoxJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqoqxts pu pMJ

qpqopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtsoÄĄouqtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktprpprw pr pMJ

-X[ÄĄosqupsÄĄououpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtwsqÄĄoqroqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpxqvro x pMJ

ovptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HououpxÄĄoutqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;suqwsv po qMJ

-X[ÄĄosrqqxÄĄououpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HououpxÄĄovrqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoox(

\Oj[L<ovptoxJ+swsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovoqtu ro (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owsvpwJ+wotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]tsprw pq rMJ

swsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovqpJ+

QĂžTttwru pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄovptstÄĄoxsttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuopÄĄorruppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłostsrp p qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqroqpÄĄorpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqtsrÄĄ

U\Lppqvqvto qv sMJ

opqssxÄĄoqtwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrtsoÄĄovoxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^pouqwsv qr sMJ

-X[ÄĄosovsrÄĄotrrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ortqqpJ+ttspsqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ortqqpJ+ttspsqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ortqqpJ+ttspsqtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopq pspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ortqqpJ+ttspsqtSI[+L[H

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ortqqpJ+ttspsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsvpoJ+vtxstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovptqrJ+sxpvtSI[+L[H\LQ

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsvpoJ+ vtxstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ortqqpJ+

ttspsqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< ovptqrJ+sxpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoosswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouporuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oporroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?166


u.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;tJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ro.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUptP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTwP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHtÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qu.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQrS\O1WW[\Lpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovpttrJ+sporqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louovqq ro 

orqsosJ+tsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovpttrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouovtpJ+ppxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vspxx pv pMJ

I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLouquopÄĄowtttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptsp

O^Ktpstvsw pr qMJ

ÄĄopssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroqrÄĄotrsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžrqorpst x qMJ

9^\T9S[\HorpupwÄĄosoqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvorÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;suqtru po qMJ

opptsvÄĄoqsptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxpq(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<ouovtpJ+ppxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovoqtu ro (

sporqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ourwqwJ+rqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ttpptr pq rMJ

pptppwJ+ptrxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<oxtspwJ+postrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTttsvpr pq rMJ

ÄĄorrtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqrotÄĄoxtstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqrx

Ç?Çłossvtu p qMJ

osqtquÄĄotptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqtquÄĄotptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqvqrpq qv sMJ

pptosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptosqÄĄopqsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^pouqtru qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orqrtuJ+tsqxsoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orqrtuJ+tsqxso SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \O ÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovptsvJ+spopvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orqrtuJ+

tsqxsoSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouovssJ+ppxpoSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouovssJ+ppxpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ovptsvJ+spopvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouovssJ+ppxpoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L< ovptsvJ+spopvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orqrtuJ+tsqxsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouovssJ+ppxpoSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotrttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouousoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxovrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H pqtxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?167


v.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;uJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rp.;Ć&#x2020;vwxO[+T[bJUpuP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTxP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHuÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qv.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQsS\O1WW[\Lpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrstpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ouovtrJ+ppxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovpror rp 

orqqpvJ+tsqsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouovtr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@\Oj[L<otqvrsJ+txrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpvtsqp pw pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotruqwÄĄovpuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktpusrrx pr rMJ

oqroqtÄĄorpuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqssttÄĄorrssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqprupt x qMJ

osrotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoxtvÄĄowsrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louowpt(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<otqvrsJ+txrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsvts rp (

J+ppxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<otssoxJ+roqopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tuposo pq rMJ

oxtssqJ+posurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<owqoqrJ+usxsvt

QĂžTtuqtto pq rMJ

owtttsÄĄppqtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqqqrÄĄppquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłossppq p qMJ

9^\T9S[\HopssqtÄĄoqroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqtvqrÄĄ

U\Lppqvpwrp qv sMJ

poqroxÄĄppsxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;suqqqt po qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^pouqqqt qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orqqppJ+tsqspvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<orqqppJ+tsqspvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

orqqppJ+tsqspvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouowoxJ+pqopqtSI[+L[H<S

W[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orqqppJ+tsqspvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqvtoJ+txrwqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ouowoxJ+pqopqtS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouowoxJ+pqopqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqvto J+txrwqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

ouowoxJ+pqopqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orqqppJ+tsqspvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqvtoJ+txrwqtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqpsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouoqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovrpsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqttrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?168


w.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;wJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUpvP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpoP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHwÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qw.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQtS\O1WW[\Lpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otqvrvJ+txrvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowputw p 

orsxspJ+ttrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<otqvrv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OO\Oj[L<otpvrqJ+txppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wppsps px pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotrutqÄĄouqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktpwqxv pr rMJ

oxtrtqÄĄpqpqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssqqÄĄorpursÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrqqspp x qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopossuÄĄoptsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqpoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;supxpt po qMJ

opqrquÄĄoqtustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovqxswÄĄowtupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovpv(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<otpvrqJ+txppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrpqt p (

J+txrvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otpwruJ+qxptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tvxqx pq sMJ

owqoosJ+usxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<ovoxtpJ+rtqqvt

QĂžTtvsqw pq sMJ

ovpuqsÄĄppqtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqpsoÄĄoxovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłosrsqp p qMJ

osswstÄĄotrstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HouorqqÄĄowqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqvprsv qv sMJ

pqtwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpoppÄĄowsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poupxpt qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orsxrsJ+ttrpstSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

orsxrsJ+ttrpstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

otpvsvJ+txpqpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqopwJ+usxrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otpvsvJ+txpqpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqpoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oqqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovqvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orowrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?169


x.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;xJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUpwP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTppP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qx.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQuS\O1WW[\Lpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<otpvrsJ+txppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxpxov q 

ossvpxJ+tvttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L<otpvrs

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrxpoJ+osstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpspwpw qo pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvpuÄĄouqutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktqopsx pr sMJ

ouswrsÄĄovrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxovoxÄĄorpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqrsup x rMJ

osqropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqstxÄĄpqpsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;supus po qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsrrqÄĄpopuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsqoqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lououpx(

LOQ]\Oj[L<otrxpoJ+osstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpsro q (

J+txppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otqsorJ+qxqvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]twwqp pq sMJ

ovoxrpJ+rtprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<ouqrsxJ+ptuqqt

QĂžTtvsru pq sMJ

ovpuruÄĄowoupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportpwÄĄoposqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłosqvqp p qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqutuÄĄovpuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoptsooÄĄ

U\Lppqvxo qv sMJ

porxrqÄĄppqtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxsxÄĄopqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poupus qr sMJ

osowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ossvpqJ+tvtstoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ossvpqJ+tvtstoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ossvpqJ+tvtstoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrxosJ+ osroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ossvpqJ+ tvtstoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrxosJ+osroSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovoxqtJ+rtpqqtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ossvpqJ+tvtstoS I[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otrxosJ+osroSI[+L[H8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqoupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovqrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqsvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orosrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?170


po.\LjLpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSpp.\LjL>[ŃxJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[ŕwsu \O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]r„WbŋǃSvwxO[+T[bJUpxP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpqP[Jvpp…QcHx„QS[.W[Qpo.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQvS\O1WW[\Lpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<otrwroJ+ort„Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpopxrr r 

ossvooJ+tvtsqo„Mj[I[+L[H1ġS[V[i[\Oj[L<ouptpqJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<ouopoxJ+rotxsqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

„@[T[9wqvutt qp pMJ

ptsso„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě\Oj[L<ouoppoJ+otwsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O^Ktqptwsp pr sMJ

orrqrw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Housvrxġoxtqsw„Mj[-X[ġpqppsoġ

Ƕ¾rqstppu x rMJ

oxstrsġportow„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxourpġoxtqsw„Mj[(

S[ȉsupqtr po qMJ

ouopqq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppswrpġopptpw„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotqp(

\Oj[L<ourporJ+qprro„Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LíÊM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtwor r (

prrtqt„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<otrwroJ+ort„Mj[

„OT]txvpt pq sMJ

ourporJ+qprro„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;„U[PL\Oj[L<ouqrowJ+

QþTtwqpsu pq sMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvrxġovpusx„Mj[-X[ġoptrqwġ

Ǐdzosqopr p qMJ

orpusw„Mj[-X[ġosorouġotrtso„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lppqvspp qv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoqttquġosqwqs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosqwqsġ

„9H^poupqtr qr sMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ouopoqJ+rotxqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ouptouJ+prrrvtSI[+L[HQ9S S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[

@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ouopoq J+rotxqtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sq stvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ouptouJ+prrrvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpx

qpqrqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<otrwqpJ+oqsqtSI[+L[H P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ouptouJ+prrrvtS

I[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

ourppvJ+qpstSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ

\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouptouJ+prrrvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrwqpJ+oqsqtS I[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourppvJ+qpstSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;

„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otrwqpJ+oqsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[; :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ouptouJ+prrrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L< ourppvJ+qpstSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovrptw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxstow„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpqoqqo„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[oqptsu„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lospqru„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lottotu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovpxtt„Mj[( „QVS[\UH„WŁ[owtpsx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hporwot„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqsrsx„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oroosq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpups„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď171


pp.\LjLpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSpq.\LjL>[ŃpoJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[ŕwsu

\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]s„WbŋǃSvwxO[+T[bJUqoP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTprP[Jvpp…QcHpo„QS[.W[Qpp.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQwS\O1WW[\Lpvr

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ouroqqJ+qppsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpppwpv s 

\Oj[L<oupspoJ+prppvt„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[\Oj[L<owoxssJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovovqvJ+rrssro„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<

„@[T[9xxsppu qp sMJ

otvt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<ouooqxJ+otut„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

O^Ktqrsqsp ps pMJ

„Mj[-X[ġpqprtvġorrpts„Mj[-X[ġosqpqrġouooqq

Ƕ¾rqttust x rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġosorpwġotruos„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowourpġ

S[ȉsuxsq po qMJ

owsrrwġpopuqt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopuqtġppsxpq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosqp(

59[JU]\Oj[L<ovtpqpJ+trrpt„Mj[I[+L[Hǚz[JU]LíÊ1ġS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hposqsv s (

upxpqt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SG;S\Oj[L<ouroqqJ+qppsvt„Mj[

„OT]tpoupp pr pMJ

ovtpqpJ+trrpt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;-\H;Ě\Oj[L<ouooqxJ+

QþTtxoqv pq sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrworġouqvrq„Mj[-X[ġovpvopġoxstqx

Ǐdzospqtw p qMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Housustġoxtqpu„Mj[-X[ġpqppqsġorputu

U\Lppqutxpx qv sMJ

owtuoo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovrrovġowpxro„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

„9H^pouxsq qr sMJ

9[TS[\Howtspvġpoqppt„Mj[(

ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oupsqsJ+prptqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<owoxtwJ+upxsvtSI[+L[HQ9S S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxpp

prpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oupsqsJ+prptqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LíÊH\Oj[L<owoxtwJ+upxsvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oupsqsJ+prptqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT „JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ouropsJ+ qppqvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovtppsJ+trqtvtS I[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owoxtwJ+

upxsvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupsqsJ+prptqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L< ovtppsJ+trqtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouropsJ+qppqvtSI[+L[H

1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtppsJ+trqtvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouoossJ+otvsqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oupsqsJ+prptqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bW

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ouropsJ+qppqvtSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovtppsJ+trqtvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owoxtwJ+upxsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ Q[\S196

M[\ď172


TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovpttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?173


pq.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;ppJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUqpP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpsP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHppÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpq.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQxS\O1WW[\Lpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrutqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovtopwJ+trorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqptou t 

otrwqu\Oj[LoxrssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsoooJ+rvrstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqqrpt qq sMJ

ottxquJ+otrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<oupvquJ+prvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktqtqut ps pMJ

oxstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprruÄĄorrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqorsÄĄ

ǜžrqvqqv x sMJ

oqrorsÄĄorpvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqvtoÄĄovpvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;suurp po qMJ

oqtsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrwquÄĄovpporÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosquss

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ÄĄotruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorqq(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<oxrssqJ+xtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqxov t (

owoxoqJ+upvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovtopwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpptx pr pMJ

O[TO\Oj[L<oxrssqJ+xtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<

QĂžTtxrxw pq sMJ

I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwquÄĄouqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpvpsÄĄ

Ç?Çłostru p qMJ

ottxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtvrvÄĄoqrorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Lppqutsqt qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HottxqpÄĄousttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqprpÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^pouurp qr sMJ

ÄĄottxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HottxqpÄĄovquqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoxqo

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owowtsJ+upvvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oupvpwJ+prvpoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L <poquqtJ+pptxtvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J

ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; \W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupvpwJ+prvpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; \QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owowtsJ+upvvtS

I[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poquqtJ+pptxtvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqps pupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovtorrJ+

trpptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtorrJ+trpptSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<oxrsrtJ+xtoqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottxspJ+otstS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovtorrJ+trpptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owowtsJ+upvvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrsrtJ+xtoqqtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqovtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LososssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovpqot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otowqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?174


pr.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pqJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUqqP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTptP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpr.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQpoS\O1WW[\Lpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxrrpxJ+xsvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxrv u 

K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<poqtroJ+pptvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGO[TO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sqprtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<oupuqrJ+prstqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9posptqt qr sMJ

\JLouqwowÄĄowtuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprpsÄĄorroquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Ktqvwsw ps qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqrortÄĄotrutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLospxssÄĄotoxoq

ǜžrqwwqq x sMJ

osorssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopuoxÄĄppswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqqq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrwto\Oj[LoxrrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqpvox u (

<oxrrpxJ+xsvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<porptxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpqspo pr pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<ousurvJ+qsxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTtpopvtp pr pMJ

S[\HowpworÄĄoxtpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpotrÄĄopssopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłortwv p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLospxssÄĄotoxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpvoxÄĄ

U\Lppqusxqw qv sMJ

ppswrtÄĄopqpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppsttÄĄoqsqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;surqp po qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^pourqp qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<poqtqqJ+pptvqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^L H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<poqtqqJ+pptvqoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrrrrJ+xsvsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT

Â&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqtqqJ+pptvqoSI[+L[H P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< pprrquJ+pssuroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrrrrJ+xsvsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrrrrJ+xsvsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprrquJ+pssuroS

I[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupuptJ+prsrqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrrrrJ+xsvsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pprrquJ+pssuroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovowox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqswtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otosqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?175


ps.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;prJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022; wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUqrP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpuP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHprÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qps .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQppS\O1WW[\Lpvr Q^W\TQMSO.\@N[bHX[//j[@J[XQ

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<pprqowJ+pssrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqopqq v 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pprqowJ+pssrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qsutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ovqqpvJ+spvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popuqosw qs rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpvpwÄĄppqrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroruÄĄorpvpu

O^Ktqwtosw ps qMJ

oqroruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqtqswÄĄosqtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louopqq(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<pqtussJ+pwpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opouso v (

oortowJ+svpxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<oustrsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tprrpr pr pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxprÄĄovpvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtuorÄĄppqrso

QĂžTtpoturt pr pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsoroÄĄorqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrtvÄĄ

Ç?Çłortorp p qMJ

ovppqxÄĄowsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpopxswÄĄppsvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqxpsrp x sMJ

U\Lppqussqx qv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;suopo po qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^pouopo qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pqturvJ+pwpsqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pqturvJ+pwpsqvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pprqqqJ+

pssrtoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqturvJ+pwpsqvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pqturvJ+pwpsqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprqqqJ+pssrtoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L

I[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oustsxJ+qsvqvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pprqqqJ+pssrtoS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pqturvJ+pwpsqvtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovospr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owruotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otooroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?176


pt.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;psJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022; wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUqsP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpvP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpt .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQpqS\O1WW[\Lpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrworO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprvqvJ+pxttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsxtx w 

I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprvqvJ+pxttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovqppsJ+sptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<ovtutqJ+tsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqwqqsw qt rMJ

ppqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpursÄĄoxorpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtootÄĄ

O^Kuorpuo ps rMJ

otrvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HottupwÄĄowpursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžsoqotq po pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovppsqÄĄowsrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqooqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louooqq(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrqpJ+qsstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optvps w (

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqsootJ+tqrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]tpsqpx pr qMJ

I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxrvÄĄouqwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpvtoÄĄ

QĂžTtpprtpx pr pMJ

pqpoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrtqÄĄorpvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostotsÄĄ

Ç?Çłorsqto p qMJ

\JLopoprvÄĄoptossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpoqpÄĄpqtvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqurxqx qv rMJ

oqtqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovqrtwÄĄowtprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sttutx po qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^pottutx qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprvsoJ+pxtuvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrrvJ+qssuSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^

;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V

\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprvsoJ+pxtuvtS

I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprpt pvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrrvJ+qssuSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrrvJ+qssuSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrrvJ+qssuSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprvsoJ+pxtuvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovqpov

J+spsstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprvsoJ+pxtuvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrrvJ+qssuSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ optuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovoopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?177


pu.\LjLpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSpv.\LjL>[ŃptJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[ŕ wsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]x„WbŋǃSvwxO[+T[bJUqtP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpwP[Jvpp…QcHpt„QS[.W[Qpu .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQprS\O1WW[\Lpvr „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ „O\LSMS<orrxrpJ+qstxst„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorrtpw x 

I[+L[H„SOH]9SGOO„O\LSMS<orrxrpJ+qstxst„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

ovtttoJ+tsorqt„Mj[I[+L[HǝO\Oj[L<owqrrrJ+uswtqt

„@[T[9pppoqstt qu rMJ

ovpwoqġowovor„Mj[-X[ġporsovġopoppo„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kuqpqpx ps rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLouqxopġovpwoq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoptoppġ

Ƕ¾spqvqt po pMJ

poruqrġppqrps„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvrwġoppxrr„Mj[(

S[ȉsttrsw po qMJ

ospopq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottxqp(

I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊ1ġSP[ÍMJQ[J[L<ououqsJ+rputvt„Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqswpv x (

\Oj[L<osrustJ+tvqptqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;O`\ĭ\Oj[L<

„OT]tptpqv pr qMJ

„Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotsoooġouqxop„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTtpqpst pr pMJ

ousqovġovqwtw„Mj[-X[ġoxoqspġorpvqx„Mj[(

Ǐdzorrtr p qMJ

ospvps„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrowġpqpqox„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lppqursqv qv rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsrsxġpoptss„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqsqqpġ

„9H^pottrsw qr sMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\QÊQ[J[L<ououpvJ+rpusoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9

O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ „O\LSMS<orrxqrJ+qstxqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<ououpvJ+rpuso SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<

orrxqrJ+qstxqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L<ououpvJ+rpusoS I[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/„O\LSMS<orrxqr J+qstxqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovttsrJ+tsoptSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<orrxqrJ+qstxqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ououpvJ+rpusoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovowqr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxqprr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpprwss„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[optqpp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orsxoo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotqvqo„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutuqo

„Mj[(„QVS[\UH„WŁ[owqwpr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpopsrp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqqops„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrvou„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqrx„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď178


pv.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;puJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUquP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTpxP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpuÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpv .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQpsS\O1WW[\Lpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwtoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<otqwrvJ+qxrprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lospvqu po 

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osrtsqJ+tvpxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<owqqrpJ+usupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqqrosr qv qMJ

otsoqsÄĄovpwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsxrwÄĄorqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kurtpsr ps sMJ

ososrrÄĄotrwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstopÄĄporrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqrspp po pMJ

osqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosqqrpÄĄottsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lottwqo(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owquouJ+ruttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrxpx po (

otqwrvJ+qxrprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oupuroJ+propt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpuorv pr qMJ

O½[<[H\Oj[L<owrurrJ+vqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtpqtqtp pr pMJ

ouspppÄĄoxswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxsxÄĄorpvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłorqvpo p qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxoqoqÄĄoxswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqtosvÄĄ

U\Lppquqxqr qv rMJ

ppsuqpÄĄoppsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sttorv po qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^pottorv qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owquqoJ+rutttoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqqssJ+usutoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owquqoJ+rutttoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owquqoJ+

rutttoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otqwtpJ+

qxrqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owquqoJ+rutttoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L< otqwtpJ+qxrqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqwtpJ+qxrqvtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

owqqssJ+usutoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<

otqwtpJ+qxrqvtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owquqoJ+rutttoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovosqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutqqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?179


pw.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUqvP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqoP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpvÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpw.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQptS\O1WW[\Lpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<outvprJ+rrpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lostusu pp 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouptqwJ+pqvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<outvprJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<owrtroJ+vpvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ossrrq p qMJ

ouqxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwquÄĄoxsstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppqtÄĄ

O^Kutrot ps sMJ

oxswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxrrÄĄorpvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄososstÄĄ

ǜžsrspw po qMJ

ovqvpwÄĄowpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsrtsÄĄpoptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;stsvqv po qMJ

popvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottvpx(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]S[\H<poqtpwJ+sptqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osroos pp (

rrpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovrqoxJ+srwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]tputxsx pr rMJ

owroqvJ+vspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotsosvÄĄ

QĂžTtprrprx pr qMJ

orqussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosptrsÄĄottrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousoptÄĄ

Ç?Çłorpxpq p pMJ

otrwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowovpuÄĄowtuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lppquqspw qv rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpoptqvÄĄppsvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowsxrvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^potsvqv qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<poqtppJ+sptptvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poqtppJ+ sptptvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

poqtppJ+sptptvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<outvotJ+rrppsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outvotJ+rrppsqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouptsqJ+pqwptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V

QX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<outvotJ+rrppsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<poqtppJ+ sptptvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovoorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orspowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louswqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?180


px.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pwJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUqwP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqpP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpwÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpx.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQpuS\O1WW[\Lpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxrvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<ovtxppJ+rtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotrrsx pq 

O\G@\Oj[L<ovrpqvJ+srusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovtxppJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<owqxsuJ+vqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<owoqoq

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opvuqs q qMJ

-X[ÄĄovpwrxÄĄoxsstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpporÄĄorqttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kuvvqp pt pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrospÄĄorpvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqxttÄĄ

ǜžssswpu po qMJ

oppworÄĄoqsxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotspppÄĄovpqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

S[Č&#x2030;stsspu po qMJ

-X[ÄĄospotoÄĄotrxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottupw(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]S[\H<pptvtpJ+stsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otqoqv pq (

rtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owpwtxJ+ursroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]tpvtxs pr rMJ

J+ttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotspppÄĄouqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtpspoqv pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄospssrÄĄottqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtuqsÄĄoqrospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłorppx p pMJ

ovpwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HottqppÄĄourxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lppqupxpq qv rMJ

-X[ÄĄosqosxÄĄottqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HottqppÄĄovqorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^potsspu qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<pptvsrJ+stsqqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owoptuJ+ttptqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owoptu J+ttptqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pptvsrJ+stsqqoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pptvsrJ+stsqqoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<pptvsrJ+stsqqoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovtxor

J+rtstsoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ovrppxJ+sruqoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovtxorJ+ rtstsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owoptu J+ttptqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loussrq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpooqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?181


qo.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pxJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUqxP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqqP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqo.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQpvS\O1WW[\Lpvr

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrorqJ+rvrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louoxpv pr 

9SGOO\Oj[L<owpwrxJ+urrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrorq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<owopssJ+ttpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqxspsu r pMJ

owtuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpospÄĄorqtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpqtpÄĄ

O^Kuwsrqt pt pMJ

otrxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosprtrÄĄotoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžstttru po qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoptpoÄĄppsuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsuqqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lotttpu(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<opootrJ+swpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louporu ps (

J+rvrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owrstoJ+vprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tpwtwqp pr rMJ

ovoxrpJ+rrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLouroprÄĄ

QĂžTtpssxpv pr qMJ

oxsvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxooÄĄopsrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrospÄĄ

Ç?Çłorrq p pMJ

osprtrÄĄotoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpvttÄĄosotoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqupst qv rMJ

oppvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopprtuÄĄoqsqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;stspt po qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^potspt qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owoprvJ+ttptSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<opopovJ+swpwtqtSI[+L[HO`V

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owoprvJ+

ttptSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opopovJ+swpwtqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opopovJ+swpwtqtS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrosuJ+rvrtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owoprvJ+ttptSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrosuJ+rvrtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opopovJ+swpwtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoutqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxotsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opruquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lousorv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqosroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osruttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?182


qp.\LjLpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSqq.\LjL>[ŃqoJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[ŕ

wsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]ps„WbŋǃSvwxO[+T[bJUroP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqrP[Jvpp…QcHqo„QS[.W[Qqp .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQpwS\O1WW[\Lpvr „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ „Wń[<owrottJ+rvrqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousrtr ps 

9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<owrsrpJ+vpqqqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„Wń[<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;\W\ĭ\Oj[L<ovoxrsJ+rrxuo„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9ppqrprr s pMJ

otsptwġovpxor„Mj[-X[ġowtuowġppqpsu„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kupopwpr pt qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqrttvġorqsro„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopsrqrġ

Ƕ¾svru po rMJ

ovpqtxġowssoo„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpopuqoġppstos„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottspt(

VƊ]LíÊ„S[\XG]\Oj[L<oprrspJ+sxrxpvt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovoosx pt (

owrottJ+rvrqqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owpxstJ+ursqvt

„OT]tpxtvso pr rMJ

O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ottqtrJ+oqvpvt„Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTtptqwv pr qMJ

owpqouġppqpqs„Mj[-X[ġoqrosqġorpwoq„Mj[(

Ǐdzoqtstp p pMJ

oqrosq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqswotġospxou„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lppquwtv qv rMJ S[ȉstrvts po qMJ

„9H^potrvts qr sMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<oprrrrJ+sxrwtvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovoxqvJ+rrxsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oprrrrJ+

sxrwtvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[„L/\Oj[L<oprrrrJ+sxrwtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[<owrpoxJ+rvrtvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovoxqvJ+rrxsqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[bjbJ„Wń[<owrpoxJ+rvrtvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oprrrrJ+sxrwtvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Louswss„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxoptr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpppxos„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[ oprqrp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orqxqo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotovsq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourusp„Mj[(„QV S[\UH„WŁ[owowrt„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxtsto„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqoort„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpvqu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqtx„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď183


qq.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qpJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUrpP[JpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqsP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqq .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQpxS\O1WW[\Lpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsosvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owopotJ+rtsvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovpwqt pt 

J+sxstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG;S\Oj[L<owpxswJ+ursrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovrsswJ+ssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ottqttJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqtrutp t pMJ

M\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqqqÄĄourosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxpuÄĄ

O^Kupptprx pt qMJ

pqowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrpwÄĄorpwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostqtwÄĄ

ǜžswposw po rMJ

pqtwqsÄĄopsutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqowqvÄĄpqtttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;strssr po qMJ

oqsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovpwopÄĄowsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottrpr(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<opruru

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtprq pu (

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owopotJ+rtsvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]tqotvq pr sMJ

oqvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<ospqqxJ+tuptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTtpuutx pr qMJ

ppqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowppqpÄĄowtwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsupqÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqsuru p pMJ

otsoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HotsxouÄĄowppqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lppqursw qv rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovprpqÄĄowssorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoppursÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^potrssr qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owootwJ+rtsvroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oprutoJ+sxsupoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottqswJ+oqvtS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owootwJ+rtsvroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oprutoJ+sxsupoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owootwJ+rtsvroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owootwJ+rtsvroSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ottqswJ+oqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owootwJ+rtsvroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oprutoJ+sxsupoSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoussswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppptowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotorsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourqsu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?184


qr.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qqJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUp.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqtP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqr .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQqoS\O1WW[\Lpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovoqquJ+rrqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtrst pu 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovrtppJ+ssqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovoqqu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<ospqtqJ+tupuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qwtvtu u pMJ

ourpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxqwÄĄowovsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqtrÄĄ

O^Kuprqrrt pt rMJ

orpwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLourpovÄĄovpxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžsxpwrx po rMJ

9^\T9S[\HporroxÄĄppqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppstqtÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;strprr po qMJ

oqsqruÄĄosppsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottqpp(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<oppqtrJ+swstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowsrpq pv (

J+rrqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouqrrsJ+psqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]tqptuqu pr sMJ

oqpoqwJ+tpxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqsuÄĄ

QĂžTtpusttq pr rMJ

pqtvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtrtÄĄovqrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtwowÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqrwpw p pMJ

opsupwÄĄosppqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqppsÄĄpqoxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqttwrx qv rMJ

oppuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowssotÄĄpopsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^potrprr qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oppqstJ+swsstvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrtqtJ+ssqrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oppqstJ+

swsstvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oppqstJ+swsstvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovoqspJ+rrqosvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oppqstJ+swsstvtSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovoqspJ+rrqosvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrtqtJ+ssqrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovoqspJ+rrqosvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oppqstJ+swsstvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LousotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpppppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LouqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpptqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?185


qs.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qrJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUq.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTquP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqrÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqs .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQqpS\O1WW[\Lpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsprsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<otrxpwJ+qxtpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howrosv pv 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ouqrtwJ+psquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOS[\H<ppsxqsJ+stpurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqqrspu v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoursrxÄĄoxstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqovttÄĄorpwqp

O^Kupstrtu pt rMJ

porqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowtvqxÄĄoxstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžspoqusp po sMJ

9[TS[\HppssouÄĄopprqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottpox(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<ooqtopJ+sussrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrups pw (

otrxpwJ+qxtpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osswtsJ+tvssqo

Â&#x201E;OT]tqqtttq pr sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrpoÄĄovpxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopststÄĄorqqpu

QĂžTtpvqsst pr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosottvÄĄotspppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxssqvÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqqxtv p pMJ

oqsuosÄĄospurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLospurrÄĄotsvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqttrqx qv rMJ S[Č&#x2030;stqwqq po qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^potqwqq qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[S[\H<ppsxpvJ+stpupvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ooqsttJ+sussqqtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqsppJ+

psrrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ S[\H<ppsxpvJ+stpupvt

SI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <ooqsttJ+sussqqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooqsttJ+sussqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ooqsttJ+sussqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otrxppJ+qxtpqt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqsppJ+psrrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

otrxppJ+qxtpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ooqsttJ+sussqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouruttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppovpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqstr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovtusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?186


qt.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUr.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqvP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqt .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQqqS\O1WW[\Lpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsptwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortsruJ+qtqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxpoqw pw 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ossxsoJ+tvsuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­S[\H<oxpqovJ+rwsqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ruqsrp w pMJ

oxssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowtqÄĄorqprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoxspÄĄ

O^Kupuqqrt pt rMJ

orpwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoupoÄĄotsprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžspprstr po sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowssppÄĄpopsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopsqxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lottoow(

I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[S[\H<pppvsuJ+srturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lporotp px (

ortsruJ+qtqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oqttrrJ+tqtxtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]tqrttqp ps pMJ

W[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrrsÄĄourpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxtrÄĄ

QĂžTtpwrso pr rMJ

otsuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrsrÄĄoxssrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqovrxÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqqprr p pMJ

owoworÄĄowtuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovqpqtÄĄowoxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqtswpx qv rMJ

ppsssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowsstsÄĄpopsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;stqtpp po qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^potqtpp qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<pppvrxJ+srtupqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortstoJ+qtqxpoSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pppvrxJ+srtupqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopp

prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pppvrxJ+srtupqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortstoJ+qtqxpoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortstoJ+qtqxpoS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJS[\H<pppvrxJ+srtupqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpporqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqotv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovtqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqopssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?187


qu.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUs.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqwP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqtÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqu .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQqrS\O1WW[\Lpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrqoJ+qoqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtrst px 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrqoJ+qoqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rprtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrtwÄĄourqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqoqurt x qMJ

-X[ÄĄosowtpÄĄotsstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqttpoÄĄoqrosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kupvsxqs pt sMJ

ovqoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HotsstxÄĄourqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžspqsrpt po sMJ

-X[ÄĄospstqÄĄotsstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HotsstxÄĄovpsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsxou(

I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[S[\H<oxttqqJ+soqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqutv qo (

oosvquJ+svrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Q[J[L<ouqptrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tqststp ps pMJ

-X[ÄĄovqoouÄĄoxsspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowrpÄĄorqosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtpwsqru pr rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrosuÄĄorpwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourqoqÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqprv p pMJ

oppsruÄĄoqssssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsrtwÄĄovpsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lppqtsrpo qv rMJ

-X[ÄĄospqqpÄĄotsptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;stqqo po qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^potqqo qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<oxttptJ+soqxpqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oosvsoJ+svrxptSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W; H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrrrJ+

qoqstvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[\Oj[L<oosvsoJ+svrxptSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+X

H^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxttptJ+soqxpqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxttptJ+soqxpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< pprwtuJ+pssvqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrrrJ+qoqstvtS

I[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprwtuJ+pssvqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrrrJ+qoqstvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pprwtuJ+pssvqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowsqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpotxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosswopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loupvop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?188


qv.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;quJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUt.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTqxP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHquÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqv .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQqsS\O1WW[\Lpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqsuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ppsopoJ+pstoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpospro qo 

otssqr\Oj[LoxpvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqpp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pstoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<poqxruJ+sptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ssrvtp po qMJ

orqqsoJ+qsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLourqqpÄĄ

O^Kupxpspt pt sMJ

oxsrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqovovÄĄopsqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrosvÄĄ

ǜžsprtpsu pp pMJ

osowopÄĄostuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpwspÄĄosourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;stpwsx po qMJ

oppsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppqtwÄĄoqsqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotswos(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<oxpvtwJ+wtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqsoq qp (

J+rurtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ppsopoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tqttsqt ps pMJ

\Oj[L<oxpvtwJ+wtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

QĂžTtpxqprs pr rMJ

owtupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowpoÄĄorqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowovrxÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqsso p pMJ

otsqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosowopÄĄostuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lppqtrvuo qv rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopspsÄĄppsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsspoÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^potpwsx qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqosJ+rurtptSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppsoorJ+pstopqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqosJ+rurtptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqosJ+rurtptSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppsoorJ+pstopqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppsoorJ+pstopqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxpvtqJ+wtrsqtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <ppsoorJ+pstopqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqqosJ+rurtptSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxpvtqJ+wtrsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowrwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpottqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opowtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosssotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louprot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovsstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpprvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?189


qw.\LjLpxuQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSqx.\LjL>[ŃqvJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[ŕ

wsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]qp„WbŋǃSvwxO[+T[bJUu.\LjLpxuP[SH]j\W\PTroP[Jvpp…QcHqv„QS[.W[Qqw .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQqtS\O1WW[\Lpvr „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<oxpwstJ+wtttt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprspr qp 

outrrxJ+qtqvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊM_O­N[ǵL]Q[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

oxpwstJ+wtttt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„Wń[<owouqsJ+rtttqt„Mj[

„@[T[9spwttw pp qMJ

\Oj[L<pqpwoqJ+puqsvt„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ\Oj[L<oxpoouJ+

O^Kuqorutx pu pMJ

owtupwġpppxtu„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howouttġpppwtq„Mj[-X[ġ

Ƕ¾sptoqu pp pMJ

9^\T9S[\Hopsqsxġoqrosx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqsrqtġ

S[ȉstptrx po qMJ

popqtrġppsqtp„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsvoq(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotsssw\Oj[Loxpwst„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[opqpow qq (

ousrprJ+rqqvt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSN[ǵL]9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<

„OT]tqutso ps qMJ

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<outrrxJ+qtqvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;Ƕ¾

QþTtqoorq pr sMJ

wrrpt„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń-Q`HbR[;\JLotssswġovqorr„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzoptupp p pMJ

oqrosxġorpwsw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqrpquġorpxpx„Mj[(

U\Lppqtrqtp qv rMJ

osprpp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpsrsġowssqo„Mj[(9[TS[\H

„9H^potptrx qr sMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L 1ǚS;H[S[Wš[HQ[J[L<ousrqvJ+rqqvsoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<outrrqJ+qtptoSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oxpwtxJ+wturoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

outrrqJ+qtptoSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprsuv

popqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<ousrqvJ+rqqvsoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqt qvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<ousrqvJ+rqqvsoS

I[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxpwtxJ+wturoSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚQ[J[L< ousrqvJ+rqqvsoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxpwtxJ+wturoSI[+L[H„O/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outrrqJ+qtptoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxpwtxJ+wturoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ousrqvJ+rqqvsoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<outrrqJ+qtptoSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Louqppq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lowrsqp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpotprr„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[opotoo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[oropto„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lossoox„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louoxox

„Mj[(„QVS[\UHQ[J[Lovspoq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxqvqo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpprros„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsxtt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osotqw„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď190


qx.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUv.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTrpP[JvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqwÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqx .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQquS\O1WW[\Lpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrrsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<outssxJ+qttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqrptp qq 

Q[J[L<otorrsJ+qwputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<osrppoJ+tutstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9trptq pq qMJ

oswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotstprÄĄourqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kuqptvqw pu pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxsqqoÄĄpqourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqstÄĄorpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžspuxpu pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpqttptÄĄopsropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqourtÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;stpqqw po qMJ

opprpoÄĄoqsqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovpqotÄĄowsqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsuop(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<osrppoJ+tutstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpvot qr (

outssxJ+qttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otsqquJ+qxtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tqvtrrw ps qMJ

Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<oxpotqJ+wrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ouosstJ+

QĂžTtqorxrp pr sMJ

-X[ÄĄovqosuÄĄpppxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowouppÄĄowtspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłopsvsp p pMJ

-X[ÄĄosttotÄĄotsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HotsptuÄĄowoupp

U\Lppqtqvsq qv rMJ

pqtssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpsswÄĄowssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^potpqqw qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otorqvJ+qwpurvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outsspJ+qtssqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otorqvJ+

qwpurvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

otorqvJ+qwpurvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otorqvJ+ qwpurvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outsspJ+qtssqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<osrpqtJ+tuttroSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outsspJ+qtssqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<otorqvJ+qwpurvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<osrpqtJ+tuttroS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoupvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LposvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosrupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louotpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovrvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppqxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?191


ro.\LjLpxuQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxx\ÊM^S[ŕrwxo9T½[ŕ„WgSrp.\LjL>[ŃroJbQ[JSQ[X[ QTQ[W vppU9[ŕ

wsu\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]qr„WbŋǃSvwxO[+T[bJUw.\LjLpxuP[SH]j\W\PTp.\LjLvpp…QcHro„QS[.W[Q ro.\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQqvS\O1WW[\Lpvr „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrtwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<osrqpvJ+tutvso„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprrrt

„O\LSMS<orqvqxJ+qsptso„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

qssqt„Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<oqptqxJ+tppsrvt„Mj[I[+L[H\9Ǣö

„@[T[9tpvrrtx pr rMJ

orotppJ+trpwtqt„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;\JLotstrwġ

O^Kuqrptrp pu pMJ

pqtssw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqxouġovpvpu„Mj[-X[ġowtrrvġ

Ƕ¾spvpwps pp qMJ

opsqqxġosotrr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpppxquġpqovov„Mj[(

S[ȉstxpv po qMJ

oppqsp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowssqvġpoprtq„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsstx(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<oqptqxJ+tppsrvt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊXƚ[

qr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorposv qs (

osrqpvJ+tutvso„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J„O\LSMS<orqqtoJ+

„OT]tqwtrpw ps qMJ

„R[;/Ń\Oj[L<ouottrJ+otpso„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H\Oj[L<

QþTtqppwrq pr sMJ

ourrpx„Mj[-X[ġovqpooġowowsp„Mj[-X[ġporpstġ

Ǐdzoprxpo p pMJ

orpxoq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLourrpxġovqpoo„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lppqtqqrs qv rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hpoqxtxġpppwox„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsrpuġ

„9H^potxpv qr sMJ

oqsqtsġosprps„Mj[(

ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<orqvqqJ+qsptqqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<orotosJ+trpwrtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouotsuJ+

otpqqtSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<orotosJ+trpwrtS I[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LíÊH„O\LSMS<orqvqqJ+qsptqqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<orqvqqJ+qsptqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqptqrJ+tppsqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\L

I[bL/\Oj[L<oqptqrJ+tppsqqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouotsuJ+otpqqtS I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<orqvqqJ+qsptqqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqptqrJ+tppsqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Louprqp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lowquqx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lposrsq„Mj[(KL^S[\UH\Oj[L pqtvov„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[oqtrtw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Losrqpx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louoppv„Mj[(„QV S[\UHQ[J[Lovrrpp„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxpxqw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hppqtpq„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsqor„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvrv„Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\ď192


rp.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\SW[9TbWLpxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp9[\ĥ­9>[Ĺ&#x192;pJbQ[JSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qsÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUx.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTq.\Ç&#x2C6;LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qrp.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQqwS\O1WW[\Lpvr9[\H\OČ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;QS[Q[X[SMjT[\JL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotssqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<oopopuJ+suorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrwov

9SG\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opppqxJ+pwrsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

suporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotsuorÄĄovqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upswro ps rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqouotÄĄorpxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosovquÄĄotsrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kuqsrotx pu qMJ

oxsppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqspqvÄĄospospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsrtw(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqooosJ+qorutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]

qs O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losopsp qt (

oopopuJ+suorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oopsptJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tqxtquo ps qMJ

-X[ÄĄopsptvÄĄorpvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqwppÄĄoxsppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtqptvrs pr sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxssooÄĄporpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowtrooÄĄ

Ç?Çłoprorx p pMJ

ospospÄĄotrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsptuÄĄoppqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspwqvqp pp qMJ

U\Lppqtpvqv qv rMJ S[Č&#x2030;stuu po qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^potuu qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxtvJ+qortsvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L 9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optxtvJ+qortsvt SI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooporpJ+suppoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L< ooporpJ+suppoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ooporpJ+suppoSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opppssJ+pwrtptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< optxtvJ+qortsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ooporpJ+suppoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouoxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowqqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LporxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH\Oj[L pqtrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosqwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LottvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHQ[J[LovqxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?193


p9[\ĥ­9pxuQ[\S/bS/pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq9[\ĥ­9>[Ĺ&#x192;qJbQ[JSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qtÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUpo.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTr.\Ç&#x2C6;LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qp9[\H

M[=[LQ^W\TQqxS\O1WW[\Lpvr W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rp.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuQ[\S vwxxqs W[9TbWL J+vtt <wrsS WQj 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotssswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<poqottJ+spqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orsrtt

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ppprtoJ+prrxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HS[\H<oxrtttJ+rxrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uptttpu pt rMJ

oxsrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqouquÄĄorpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosorttÄĄ

O^Kuqtsrsp pu qMJ

orpxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosovrxÄĄotssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžspxrurv pp qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowssrtÄĄpoprrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoprrwÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsqtv(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<pqsuooJ+pvqxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

qt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lossxsx qu (

poqottJ+spqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxrrqrJ+xqvpt

Â&#x201E;OT]uotqss ps rMJ

.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotsuqxÄĄourrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqpqwÄĄ

QĂžTtqqrurv pr sMJ

otrwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqvpuÄĄoxsossÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqottoÄĄ

Ç?Çłopqqx p pMJ

owowtwÄĄowtuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovptrwÄĄowosooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lppqtpqqo qv rMJ

ppsqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowsopvÄĄpopotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;stqtt po qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^potqtt qr sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pqsttqJ+pvqxrqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxrrpvJ+xquuoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxrrpvJ+xquuoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[ O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pqsttqJ+pvqxrqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S

W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< pqsttqJ+pvqxrqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poqpoxJ+spqvstSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<pqsttqJ+pvqxrqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<poqpoxJ+spqvstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poqpoxJ+spqvstSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppprsqJ+prrxvtSI[+L[H \JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<

pqsttqJ+pvqxrqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJS[\H<poqpoxJ+spqvstSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouotqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowpwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LporttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosqsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LottrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpppvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S196

M[\Ä?194


q9[\ĥ­9pxuQ[\SI[+>[pxx\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwxo9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr9[\ĥ­9>[Ĺ&#x192;rJbQ[JSQ[X[vppU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsu\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]quÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvwxO[+T[bJUpp.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxuP[SH]j\W\PTs.\Ç&#x2C6;LvppÂ&#x2026;QcHrÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qq9[\H M[=[LQ^W\TQp@Q[\J1T.1j[Tpvr Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotstprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtpsqJ+rvs