Page 1

193


Q[\S193

M[\ď0


Iu bgt kÖxm~hŠ¨vq ci eªÞ‥Y bgt

Bgvi ‥mbvLqvZ

weòzwcÖqv gwYcyix Vvii cyivbv cvwÄ m~hŠwm×vť�i gvwnj Mbvwb A‥m MbvwbiKv gvaecyii cweÎ ivmi RvMv Anvb‥i †K›`ªM aivwb ABj AÿZzc: 24.31º Jqvs `ªvwNgvZzc: 91.84º gyO mgqi jqvM: 6º gyO

gvwi 193 DĂ‹g wmsn

‥cŠwi http://www.pouri.org

wbDBqKŠ, wZjcvivóª

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?1


9I[.9>^\C

\Q\OĆ‹^\Ă‘j[Q\GM^S]D[STM[\Ä?.X[L\L9[T[\LQbLj[„;T;[9HOWSK\Sj[XŇ[9bSg\SH[(QSW[KL[-X[LSNTX[L .\XT“M[\Ä?â€? L[=SWNC7j½[SX[LT(QS5bS“M[\Ä?â€? L[=S;L95X[LTȉĪ[X[\S\JL9[SL[;/M^S[OWS.X[S

M[\Ä?X[L;L[\L59bSS(M[\Ä?;L[\LS9[\J@[HSQ[\X.bWp(W^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźO[bS[q(\Oǜĭ\WÄ­[ÄźO[J`9\WÄ­[Äź(W^R­½

\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X5H[M^S[L[9[bTÄĄ>\Tj[.bXQ[\XÂ&#x201E;RH[TO[@[bS>bTSO[+T[Sj[QM[\Ä?;L[\L-S(\Qbjg/bQW^R­½\WÄ­[Äź Q[\X/Tj[M[\Ä?5X[LQ_\H­M[T9ST^(/+bS@]9½[bTÄš[SÂ&#x201E;>j[M^S[L[\JL.X[LX[SM[\LO[S/\HX[WS<CL[S\JL.X[L \OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LL^\=\9Ǣ.Q[SM[\Ä?5H[S\JLH[\S:O[bS[\H\I\L9[T[\L5X[LX[\OÄĄ\XL9[QX[L(-X[bL.\Q X[\Ç M^S[L[\JLH[\S:5H[/bQ/+bS\@TQ[\Hj[S(H[I9j[QS5bSČ&#x2030;S9[XĤ[5X[bLÂ&#x201E;R9^LM^S[L[H[\S:\H\I

\OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LO[SL[L[L;bOVL[S9[bQT[;H/-X[LÂ&#x2026;Ç&#x2C6;bLj(.Q[SP[SH1MQX[bJUSQ^+O[S[HÂ&#x201E;RÂ&#x201E;RWL-Ĺ&#x2022;O[ M[\Ä?O½[OX[S9S[\L-S-H[X[\Ç 5bM/HÂ&#x201E;>ĹŻS[\LHXĤ[.X[bLgI^/T^(

OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;SQ[\S5X[L9^ĹĄ[;[ÄĄ>[T^-bWX[L-X[LQ[H[\L\XL(9^L;/Q[ÄĄ[S[O[JU[X.9ObS\L9[T[bWX[LO[bS[ 9HH[/Q[ÄĄ[S[S[@[UU[+9/\L9[T[bWX[L(\Q-W[bJÂ&#x201E;9[L6\HX[\W9H9­HR[L[L[QL[1\S(5Q[\Spspx/bT

.\@9[ÄĄpspxOWS.b;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;-9S[\L-bW5W[bJÂ&#x201E;TM9\Sj[pOĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;ÄĄ-9\Sj[X[\SQ[\SSM[\Ä?.X[LU[H9ST^(

\X@\S\X@\SH[\S:;L[\LSL[L[LMÄ­\H>[T^-bW-H[X[\OH:[\LL[:[\LÂ&#x201E;RW[bJ1T[TS(-X[bLQSMÄ­\H 9^bjH O[bS[Q[/žWNCMÄ­\HS:[\LW+Ć&#x2019;[S9\Sj[ 5X[bHgp\JLÂ&#x201E;XTO[9Q/bHM[bS(\X@\SH[\S:Â&#x201E;TM9S[\LS>^ĹĄ[

MÄ­\HX[L/TH[/I[\>S\M?S\JbLÂ&#x201E;OT];O^S[\LSI[+L[H@^T[9X[LÂ&#x201E;J:bT-\JLS\M?S\JbLM/T[Q[W(Â&#x201E;J:[\L5X[bHg Â&#x201E;ObWM-/bHM[bSÂ&#x201E;Q<[T[/bTÂ&#x201E;R;Â&#x201E;>/H/-;S>[L[X[LÂ&#x201E;W+L[/bTO[Â&#x201E;9[L@[;[X[ÄĄÂ&#x201E;>/H[S[5W[bJ(-X[bL

O[+T[bJbU/bQWS9[\S@[H]j>[*JÂ&#x201E;J:[9\Q\CbjÂ&#x201E;RX[LÂ&#x201E;TM9SH[/-X[LS;b@I[Ĺ°\Jj[\X@\SH[\S:O[bS[MO­ Â&#x201E;TM9S[\L-S(

O[+T[bJUO[+T[bJUSO[+T[59[bEQ]bjÂ&#x201E;RO[+T[M[\Ä?SW+Ć&#x2019;[S9bS\W-X[L/bQâ&#x20AC;&#x153;O[+T[bJUâ&#x20AC;? O^\Tj[Â&#x201E;JL[-/T( Q[\XW^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X/Tj[\JLO[SMSOXO[WQjR[Ă&#x160;[\H\ILĂ­Ă&#x160;9SLÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă XƤ^C.\J;LbT1 Â&#x201E;OL]b@[T[9\L9^T[\LO^S[\LĂ XLO[bS[TĂś5H[Č&#x2030;ÄŞ[J`9\WÄ­[Äź/Tj[;L[\L-/T(

Â&#x201E;RH[S;bOVL[O[bS[9Q­ĥM[+T[9M[W^H[ 1. Shree Ajit Krishnan, MHora-v0.2.

2. Shree Michio Yano (http://www.cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp/~yanom/) articles, and Pancanga (version 3.13). 3. Shree Vinay Jha (http://jyotirvidya.wetpaint.com/), Shree Surya Siddhanta releted all articles. 4Ă&#x2DC;]W_R­½\WÄ­[ÄźÇ&#x2030;[Q]\OÄ&#x152;[L[LĹ prpuW[TÂ&#x201E;OT^hQD9\T9[H[(

5. Indian Astronomy: An Introduction By S. Balachandra Rao, Year 2000, Universities Press.

6. Indian Calendric System, by Commodore S.K. Chatterjee (Retd.), Year 1998, Publication Division, MOIB, Govt of India.

My special thanks for their tools:

1. Microsoft for Visual Studio 2010 & Hijri Calendar.

2. Swiss Ephemeris (http://www.astro.com/swisseph/) for swedll32.dll

T\QbH;[X[\Ç S[+Â&#x201E;X/>[.X[LQS5bSČ&#x2030;Çł9[Q5X[HÂ&#x201E;9[LT[TI[/bTHS[9QbSO[b;/O[+\QT;[T;Â&#x201E;RW[bJ1 >^Q9SH1(

1ĥQ\W+X\L1/j9­pspxWL

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?2


\L+bIg@^T[9QÄž]Ç?ÇłM[\LS-\KM\HbOT]O[bS[N[jNWTS-\KM\HO^K(

=========================================================

pÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pwQK^W^KLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qqQ[>­vwuO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpwU\@O^.W[QpOX[;

M[=[LQ^W\TQpuSQ@[Lpux W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/roÂ&#x2026;>HpxqQ[\S vwurqp Â&#x201E;T/M[9M[ J+qsrupqt <pttoS WQj 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottvqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<otrxptJ+txqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotoptp qq 

-L^S[K[9SGO\G@Q[J[L<ossusoJ+qvpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLottrpoÄĄovrorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqtrpqp pu qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoutprvÄĄoxpsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqoopwÄĄottwqv

O^Koprssps q pMJ

posxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprsprÄĄpqqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžouqtrt p qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowtttqÄĄpoqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqtxtoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqrs(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[S[\H<oxqpsrJ+rwrwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otqvqx qq (

otrxptJ+txqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<ovoxruJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oorsqq p pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxtusuÄĄpprsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvsxÄĄotptpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwvpqrv px rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqooqrÄĄorrvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpsroÄĄ

Ç?Çłwqopvto qo rMJ

posxsuÄĄpprvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptwrsÄĄopqxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopupruo qs rMJ

osqxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uprpst pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oprpst p sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ossuttJ+qvppsqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<oxqpruJ+rwrwqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ossuttJ+qvppsqtSI[+L[HO`V

\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxqpru J+rwrwqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxqpruJ+rwrwqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V S[\H<oxqpruJ+rwrwqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrxowJ+txqsttSI[+L[H Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<ossuttJ+qvppsqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqpruJ+rwrwqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otrxow J+txqsttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouprrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxrpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosoxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouqpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpotptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opotqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?3


q…OU[:pxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSr…OU[:>[ŃpxQK^W^KLQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qrQ[>­vwuO[+T[bJUx…>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTq…>Hvow…QcHpxU\@O^.W[QqOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpvSQ@[Lpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottuqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<otrwpoJ+txqqro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottprw qr 

ppqxttJ+ssptqt„Mj[I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<otrwpoJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovotrxJ+rrto„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<

„@[T[9vvrxso pv qMJ

orrssvQbXŃbR[;\JLottqovġovqxss„Mj[-X[ġpostooġ

O^Koptpwst q pMJ

oxpsqxġpooqop„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppvġosrqsw„Mj[(

Ƕ¾otswqu p qMJ

oprooo„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqtt(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ovotrxJ+rrto„Mj[I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊ-L^S[K[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louoqrv qs (

txqqro„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouqstxJ+rppxrqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

„OT]oprrp p pMJ

ovqsopJ+rrsvvt„Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;S[\Hoppqpoġ

QþTwvrssw px rMJ

opppqv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtuppġpostoo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzwqoqpu qo rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrqswġouosqo„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpqootqġ

U\Lpopuqopq qs rMJ S[ȉupqtwrs pt qMJ „9H^opqtwrs p sMJ Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QÊS[\H<ppqxsvJ+ssprqtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<ouqstpJ+rppxpqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[

H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHS[\H<ppqxsvJ+ssprqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S „O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/S[\H<ppqxsvJ+ssprqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ovottsJ+rsqvtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<ouqstpJ+rppxpqtS

I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppqxsvJ+ssprqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovottsJ+rsqvtSI[+L[H XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[bjbJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Louoxrv„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovspro„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxqvss„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprrqv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[optopx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[Losottp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Loupvso„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owrosw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hposwop„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opopqw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtwqo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osruso„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď4


rÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pxQK^W^KLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qsQ[>­vwuO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpxU\@O^.W[QrOX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQpw SQ@[Lpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotttpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovostwJ+rqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousppu qs 

opprtxJ+swqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovostwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owotqvJ+trtuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpxturu pw pMJ

ovqwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowpvsvÄĄpossroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppppsÄĄ

O^Koputpqx q qMJ

oxpsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrsopÄĄosqpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžotporr p qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowpvsvÄĄoxouspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrxrsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;upqttqs pt qMJ

poqupoÄĄpptvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqruÄĄporprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorpu(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<owotqvJ+trtuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourwpr qt (

rqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ovrwswJ+rsqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrprv p pMJ

ovqootJ+rrrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLottporÄĄ

QĂžTwvturx px rMJ

oqsxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqutqÄĄouosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovrxrsÄĄ

Ç?Çłwqoqspp qo rMJ

posxqpÄĄppruswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqpqvÄĄottuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopuquqo qs rMJ

owqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtsqwÄĄpoqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^opqttqs p sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<opprtpJ+swquuoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovostpJ+rptoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[\Oj[L<

opprtpJ+swquuoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp qsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opprtpJ+swquuoSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqp qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opprtpJ+swquuoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovostpJ+rptoS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owotsqJ+trurvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ovostpJ+rptoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opprtpJ+swquuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owotsqJ+trurvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouprsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpossotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?5


sÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qoQK^W^KLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qtQ[>­vwuO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqoU\@O^.W[QsOX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQpx SQ@[Lpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottspsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owotovJ+trtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrpot qt 

Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<oqqxptJ+tprwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+ruqqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owrtooJ+utqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqqstt px pMJ

oxttopÄĄopppopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvotÄĄposxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kopwqqpw q qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLourxooÄĄovqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouotoqÄĄ

ǜžosrqpq p qMJ

ottoooÄĄovqptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrroxÄĄouotoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louorrw(

\Oj[L<owrtooJ+utqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovpstx qu (

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owotovJ+trtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqspp

Â&#x201E;OT]orropp p qMJ

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<Q[J[L<outrtpJ+rqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwwpwpp px rMJ

pqqrtoÄĄoptwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsttrÄĄosqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwqoqvt qo rMJ

outqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxqsÄĄoroppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpopurqqt qs rMJ

ouotoqÄĄovrrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosquroÄĄotttpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upqtqpr pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opqtqpr p sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oqqxqxJ+tprwsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owotooJ+trstqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqqxqxJ+tprwsqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrtptJ+utrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

owotooJ+trstqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrtptJ+utrvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owotooJ+trstqt SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owrtpt

J+utrvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ .\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouopstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouoxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?6


tÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qpQK^W^KLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]quQ[>­vwuO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqpU\@O^.W[QtOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqoSQ@[Lpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottrpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<owrsrxJ+utprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqppv qu 

\Oj[L<orpsrvJ+trrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owrrpsJ+utosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wptusv qo pMJ

oxtsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovrxtsÄĄoxpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kopxtpq q qMJ

outqrxÄĄovrxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqrquÄĄorrqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžortrrv p qMJ

ospxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqtovÄĄpptvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louortx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<owrrpsJ+utosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtrrw qv (

owrsrxJ+utprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrvttJ+rutxsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]osqwsq p qMJ

Q[J[L<ouortoJ+rorsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLourworÄĄ

QĂžTwwrxqq px rMJ

otswtvÄĄourworÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopposxÄĄoptxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłwqoqxsw qo rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosqvpqÄĄotpupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorrqqvÄĄ

U\Lpopurwqu qs rMJ

pptvpoÄĄopqxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopqwqtÄĄoqtvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upqsxq pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opqsxq p sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<orpsrpJ+trrrttSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrstsJ+utqptSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

orpsrpJ+trrrttSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orpsrpJ+trrrttSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrstsJ+utqptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orpsrpJ+trrrttS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<owrrqwJ+utppvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrstsJ+ utqptSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrrqwJ+utppvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?

WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owrstsJ+utqptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orpsrpJ+trrrttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owrrqwJ+utppvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouottpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?7


uÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qqQK^W^KLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qvQ[>­vwuO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqqU\@O^.W[QuOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqpSQ@[Lpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottqovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owrrpuJ+utosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxpptw qv 

\Oj[L<orqxqtJ+tsprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owopprJ+trrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqwrsq qp pMJ

otsvtsÄĄovqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposroqÄĄopporuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Koqppvrr q rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwpoÄĄotpurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtxÄĄ

ǜžorptt p pMJ

oroppvÄĄosrrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovqoowÄĄowtqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosqo(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<owopprJ+trrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrssv qw (

owrrpuJ+utosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqpopJ+ruqopo

Â&#x201E;OT]otqvpq p qMJ

\WÄ­Q[J[L<ossxqoJ+qvrotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwxopr px rMJ

outqtsÄĄoxpsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprttqÄĄoqssrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwqorqqo qo rMJ

orrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptvqqÄĄoqssrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpopussqs qs sMJ

9[TS[\HporpoqÄĄpptxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upqsttq pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opqsttq p sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ossxprJ+qvrosoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<orqxsoJ+tspsqtSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrrox J+utoroSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ossxprJ+

qvrosoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orqxsoJ+tspsqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orqxsoJ+tspsqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<owrroxJ+utoroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orqxsoJ+tspsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<owrroxJ+utoroSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 

9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owopouJ+trrSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrroxJ+utoroSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;

Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orqxsoJ+tspsqtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owopouJ+trrSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pppvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[( H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqstssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?8


vÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qrQK^W^KLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qwQ[>­vwuO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqrU\@O^.W[QvOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqqSQ@[Lpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottporO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<owopptJ+trrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpooroq qw 

orpuqxJ+trsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owopptJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<ovooqtJ+rrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpppuqp qq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppoqsÄĄoqswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwptÄĄotpusx

O^Koqqspso q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptusuÄĄorrotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppoqsÄĄ

ǜžoqruto p pMJ

ovpxpuÄĄowtpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqwtrÄĄoroppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louossp(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ovooqtJ+rrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxpwtv qx (

trrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovrspsJ+rsqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ouqtrx p qMJ

orppouJ+qrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLowpssqÄĄposqrr

QĂžTwxqosr px rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouououÄĄoutrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsqqÄĄpprtrs

Ç?Çłwqorsso qo rMJ

optxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqqqrwÄĄopoxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpoputopx qs sMJ

9[TS[\HovrsqpÄĄoxoqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upqsqsp pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opqsqsp p sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<orpuqrJ+trsrtoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L

O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owopowJ+trrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orpuqrJ+ trsrtoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

owopowJ+trrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovoorwJ+rsqvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owopowJ+trrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<orpuqrJ+trsrtoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovoorwJ+rsqvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxowosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppprswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oprorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqspsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?9


wÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qsQK^W^KLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qxQ[>­vwuO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqsU\@O^.W[QwOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqrSQ@[Lpux Q^W\TQMSO.\@@[Q[H^T\OJ[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottoooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovoosxJ+rsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotspq qx 

oqrwooJ+tqpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG;S\Oj[L<ovoosx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<otrtowJ+txrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqsssrt qr pMJ

ovqsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtqsqÄĄpprpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwpxÄĄ

O^Koqsrpr q sMJ

ottporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxrsÄĄorrwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžoptxv p pMJ

9^\T9S[\HposwpvÄĄpprtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuowÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;upqrxrp pt qMJ

oqtstsÄĄosqqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotoq(

\Oj[L<otrtowJ+txrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoouqx ro (

J+rsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouqotpJ+rpqsuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]ovqss p rMJ

opppptJ+pwrouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotstsxÄĄ

QĂžTwxsoto px rMJ

otpvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrqtÄĄoxpsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptuppÄĄ

Ç?Çłwqorusw qo rMJ

oxpsqpÄĄposwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprpqvÄĄpqqosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpoputupo qs sMJ

opqwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowtotwÄĄpoqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^opqrxrp p sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ouqosrJ+rpqssoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqrvtsJ+tqpopqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovoporJ+

rtroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ouqosrJ+rpqssoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqrvtsJ+tqpopqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqrvtsJ+tqpopqtSI[+L[H

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovoporJ+rtroSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<otrtooJ+txrqtvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovoporJ+rtroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqrvtsJ+tqpopqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otrtooJ+txrqtvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxosowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppoxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?10


xÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;quQK^W^KLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]roQ[>­vwuO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHquU\@O^.W[QxOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqsSQ@[LpuxĂ&#x2DC;]OÇł\IL]59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotswtvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<otrtrpJ+txrsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppstor ro 

\Oj[L<oprwpvJ+sxsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<orswptJ+ttwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9powqvqv qs pMJ

upxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;S[\HopowsrÄĄorqxqq

O^Koqtqqp q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtqovÄĄposprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpspxÄĄ

ǜžopqqpp p pMJ

osrsorÄĄououswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptwqsÄĄopqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotqr(

59[JU]\Oj[L<orswptJ+ttwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpotvqv rp (

otrtrpJ+txrsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<osssqsJ+qvquqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]owqqqv p rMJ

ǜž\Oj[L<potqqoJ+pqsupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<owpuqwJ+

QĂžTwpooru px sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotsssvÄĄovqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposprtÄĄoppooo

Ç?Çłwqorwst qo rMJ

pooppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppwÄĄosrsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpopvptv qs sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;upqruqo pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opqruqo p sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oprwppJ+sxsrroSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potqprJ+pqsuSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oprwpp J+sxsrroSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oprwppJ+

sxsrroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L <oprwppJ+sxsrroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orswqxJ+ttxptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<orswqxJ+ttxptSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<potqprJ+pqsuSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oprwppJ+sxsrroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orswqxJ+ttxptSI[+L[H

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ 

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppottuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [oworpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?11


poÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qvQK^W^KLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rpQ[>­vwuO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqvU\@O^.W[QpoOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqtSQ@[Lpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsvtsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<opstppJ+torrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqrtot rp 

\Oj[L<ooqppvJ+surrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

torrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<owpvpsJ+uqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqqqrps qt pMJ

otsrstÄĄovqqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowpqquÄĄpospovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koqurvtp q sMJ

ovsossÄĄoxpspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqwruÄĄosptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoosupu p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowpqquÄĄoxoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsossÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;upqrrx pt qMJ

poqqrqÄĄppttqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqruÄĄporoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotss(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotsrst\Oj[LoxtprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpptpsr p (

MS<oqswtsJ+qqsopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<opstppJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oxqosw p rMJ

I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<otqwqrJ+txqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwpopxuo px sMJ

opoxswÄĄoqswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqwoqÄĄouovoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłwqosorp qo rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposvtqÄĄpprssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosptqrÄĄotswtv

U\Lpopvvso qs sMJ

owqvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsxruÄĄpoqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^opqrrx p sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ooqppoJ+surrrqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpvouJ+uqosvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ooqppoJ+surrrqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooqppoJ+

surrrqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooqppoJ+surrrqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ooqppoJ+surrrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opstorJ+torptSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opstorJ+torptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owpvouJ+uqosvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooqppoJ+surrrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opstorJ+torptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqroopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osotprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?12


ppÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qwQK^W^KLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqwU\@O^.W[QppOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQquSQ@[Lpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsutpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<ppqxrpJ+ssqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqrtv

9SG;S\Oj[L<pqrxooJ+pvpwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

txqrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<oqrotvJ+tqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppuqxrp qu pMJ

posvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqporÄĄoptsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqspowÄĄ

O^Koqvtoro r pMJ

ouovrpÄĄoutspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwprÄĄoroppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoopprs p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouovrpÄĄovrtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqoqpÄĄotsvts

O^SH/Q[J[Lououou(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJS[\H<potqotJ+sqtotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

p O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqswtq q (

ppqxrpJ+ssqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<otqxpoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opopxu p sMJ

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtotxÄĄopoxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvrtÄĄ

QĂžTwporxo px sMJ

ospsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourqqqÄĄovqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłwqosqs qo rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotsqsrÄĄovptsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrsqtÄĄouovrp

U\Lpopvprpx qs sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upqqxtx pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opqqxtx p sMJ

ǜžO\ž5S[\JH/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optuow J+qorotvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<potptwJ+sqtorqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqrwtqJ+pvpvsvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<potptwJ+

sqtorqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

potptwJ+sqtorqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ S[\H<ppqxqsJ+ssqsvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pqrwtqJ+pvpvsvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<potptwJ+sqtorqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<ppqxqsJ+ssqsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orroqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovttquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osoppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otropvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?13


pq…OU[:pxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSpr…OU[:>[ŃqxQK^W^KLQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]q5\ÑTvwuO[+T[bJUpx…>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTpq…>Hvow…QcHqxU\@O^.W[QpqOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqvSQ@[Lpux Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbO9JS

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotstsxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ S[\H<oxoupwJ+rwqwtvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpprp

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<popxooJ+pprosqt„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LS[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HL[;„R[;\Oƃ^ŦS[\H<ppqwovJ+ssqrro„Mj[I[+L[HÑ]\H

„@[T[9ppqosrqt qv qMJ

oxpspu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLotspsqġourpqu„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Koqwtxsu r pMJ

pqqosoġorqvos„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqwqrġotpwow„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppqxrwqo qv sMJ

pptssv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptssvġopqwor„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lououqv(

I[+L[HI[\>LíÊ„SOH]S[\H<oxpsttJ+rwtoro„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]

q O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[opswqv r (

oxoupwJ+rwqwtvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<ovtqroJ+tqv

„OT]opppvqr p sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLourpquġoxtoqt„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsposġ

QþTwpotvrv px sMJ

opoxqsġoptxox„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtsqwġovspos„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzwqosrqu qo rMJ

9^\T9S[\Horqvosġosprso„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqprpġ

U\Lpopvpwtt qs sMJ

opqsssġoqtqov„Mj[(

S[ȉupqqusw pt qMJ „9H^opqqusw p sMJ

Ƕ¾O\¾/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvsrvt

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊS[\H<oxpssxJ+rwtoptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼnS[\H<ppqwooJ+ssqrpqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­ „JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<popwtsJ+pproqvtS

I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ S[\H<ppqwooJ+ssqrpqtSI[+L[H„QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx qoqqqsquLíÊHS[\H<oxpssxJ+rwtoptSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<

oxpssxJ+rwtoptSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxouppJ+rwqwsoSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<popwtsJ+

pproqvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ S[\H<oxouppJ+rwqwsoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxpssxJ+rwtoptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V :[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovoqpo„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowswqu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpotsow„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[ opppoo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orqurr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotrwqo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovtpro„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hpoowsp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqqqow„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpxoo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortvqq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otquqq„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď14


prÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;roQK^W^KLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHroU\@O^.W[QprOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqwSQ@[Lpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsssvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<ourxsxJ+rqqtpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqtvtt

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<ovtrrvJ+tqxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

txqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqroxJ+rusrrvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9otprv p qMJ

porxsqÄĄopoxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutsssÄĄoxpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpotqs r qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtrÄĄorrwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptrpvÄĄ

ǜžppqxusq qv sMJ

ovpsovÄĄowsvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqxtoÄĄpptvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louousw(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Q[J[L<ovrsttJ+rssrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

r O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsxtx s (

ourxsxJ+rqqtpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<otquqsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opqptrv p sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotsospÄĄovqoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTwppptto px sMJ

pprrsuÄĄoqrxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwsrÄĄotpwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwqossrv qo rMJ

oqrxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoropqpÄĄosrssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpopvqsqu qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;upqqrrw pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opqqrrw p sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ovrssvJ+rssqsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovrssv J+rssqsqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ovrssvJ+rssqsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ousootJ+rqqttvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtrroJ+tqxroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ousoot J+rqqttvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovrssvJ+rssqsqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowssqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?15


psÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;p\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHp9[bTL.W[QpsOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqxSQ@[Lpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<osptpoJ+ququpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orsrru

9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<otqvrqJ+txqvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LQ[J[L<otpxrvJ+qxvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opxqorv q qMJ

oqswtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwswÄĄotpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouowruÄĄ

O^Kppvw r qMJ

orqtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxopÄĄoptwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžppqwrutr qv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqvstÄĄoropqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrtrvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louovox(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Q[J[L<ottusrJ+rosotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortrox t (

osptpoJ+ququpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<orospuJ+trrpro

Â&#x201E;OT]oprprsx p sMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLowoxqvÄĄporxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxopÄĄ

QĂžTwpprrrw px sMJ

outtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsptÄĄpprrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptqsrÄĄ

Ç?Çłwqostrt qo rMJ

pqpxtrÄĄopoupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovprpvÄĄowsutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopvqxts qs sMJ

oxoqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upqqoqv pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opqqoqv p sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ottutvJ+rososoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<orosrpJ+trrqvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<orosrp J+trrqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S

prsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ottutvJ+rososoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqo qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottutvJ+rososoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osptosJ+quqttvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottutvJ+

rososoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osptosJ+quqttvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Q[J[L<osptosJ+ quqttvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<

ottutvJ+rososoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oporowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotroqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqppowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?16


ptÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;q\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHq9[bTL.W[QptOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQroSQ@[Lpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqsrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optusoJ+qosqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osqxpq

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optusoJ+qosqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oqqptqJ+qpstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwsoÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9prrutt r rMJ

otpwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttpuÄĄoxpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptqoxÄĄ

O^Kpqsss r qMJ

oxpspsÄĄposutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwswÄĄpqpwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqwxo qv sMJ

opqvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsupsÄĄpoqoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louovrp(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L<osqtqoJ+qutspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

t O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostvsq u (

\Oj[L<ootosvJ+swopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;OT]opspptx q pMJ

ovpwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxswsuÄĄppqwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwtsÄĄ

QĂžTwpptpp px sMJ

otsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwtpÄĄorrwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłwqosuqq qo rMJ

9^\T9S[\HposutqÄĄpprrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrsxÄĄ

U\Lpopvrtpv qs sMJ

oqtoorÄĄosputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upqpvpu pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opqpvpu p sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osqtprJ+qutrtqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L

Â&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L< osqtprJ+qutrtqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optutsJ+qosrtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqtprJ+qutrtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optuts

J+qosrtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optutsJ+qosrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqtprJ+qutrtqt SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orstrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

puÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;r\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHr9[bTL.W[QpuOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpU[7j[Tpux>Ĺ LR[Ă&#x160;[Ă&#x2DC;]MSÇśS[Q@jÄź]-Ă­jH`H]j[ Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[S0J0Ç&#x161;T\NHS

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?17


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ppswtvJ+ptqtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otptrr

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotoxJ+qrrupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sqtwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxtupuJ+posuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppvsvr s rMJ

owttsuJ+wptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;S[\HopotqqÄĄ

O^Kpqtvts r qMJ

opowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxswprÄĄporwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžppqvsrpq qv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrtqqÄĄouoxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptuopÄĄopqqsq

O^SH/Q[J[Louovtq(

I[+L[H>H^I­]\Oj[L<oxtupuJ+posuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

u O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louorqp v (

\Oj[L<ppswtvJ+ptqtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<potoptJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]optpov q pMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<pprqssJ+psstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

QĂžTwpqvtx px sMJ

orqsoqQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrvsoÄĄovpvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporwqoÄĄ

Ç?Çłwqosutu qo rMJ

oxpspsÄĄpoooqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropqsÄĄosrtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopvsorv qs sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upqpsu pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opqpsu p sMJ ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotoqJ+qrrtttSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owttrxJ+wpstvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owttrxJ+

wpstvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprt uwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotoqJ+qrrtttSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqo

qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppsxpoJ+ptquptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotoqJ+qrrtttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxtuowJ+posupoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppsxpoJ+ptquptSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtuowJ+posupoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprqrvJ+pssstqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<ppsxpoJ+ptquptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotoqJ+qrrtttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oxtuowJ+posupoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orposwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqouqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqorpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otporxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?18


pv…OU[:pxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSpw…OU[:>[Ńs\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]v5\ÑTvwuO[+T[bJUqs…>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTpv…>Hvow…QcHs9[bTL.W[QpvOX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQ qU[7j[Tpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsospO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ \Oj[L<oxtusqJ+posvrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louorqu w 

MS<oqopoxJ+qotwsqt„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owqrsxJ+utvto„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;-\H;Ě

„@[T[9qpsvtv t rMJ

„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotruspġovpvot„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kprsuqr r rMJ

osqxpvġouoxsp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsptvġoxpspr„Mj[-X[ġ

Ƕ¾ppqvpxru qv sMJ

-X[ġosoxquġotspsq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowovpvġowtvqx

S[ȉupqpott pt qMJ

popxor„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopxorġpptrpp„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louowps(

MčQ]\Oj[L<owqrsxJ+utvto„Mj[I[+L[HVƊ]LíÊQ`;\US[„O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovoxrr w (

oxtusqJ+posvrt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxovqsJ+rwssqo„Mj[

„OT]opuwpr q pMJ

\Oj[L<owtupsJ+wpuqt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<ourtqxJ+qqv

QþTwpqqsro px sMJ

owovpvġporvtr„Mj[-X[ġopowqxġoqswtr„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzwqosvpx qo rMJ

orqrpwġosoxqu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hposuqxġpprqrv„Mj[

U\Lpopvsttq qs sMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovsptvġowqwot„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsstuġ

„9H^opqpott p sMJ

oxoqspġpoqxpp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾O\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

XSM;H[S[ÑbH½9„O\LSMS<oqopoqJ+qotwqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<

oqopoqJ+qotwqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<oxtutvJ+poswpqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqopoqJ+qotwqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owqrsqJ+utvrqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtutvJ+poswpqtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqrsqJ+utvrqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <owtuqxJ+wpvqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtutvJ+poswpqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„O\LSMS<oqopoqJ+qotwqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ \Oj[L<owqrsqJ+utvrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;M^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lousqro„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowqwsu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lporsqx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtpqo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oroutq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotpwso„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovrpsx„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxsxop„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqoqqx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optxqp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrvsr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otousq„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď19


pwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;t\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHt9[bTL.W[QpwOX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQ rU[7j[Tpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owqspwJ+utxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louorqu w 

oppvqoJ+pxpprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owqspw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovptpoJ+swsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qptrutv u rMJ

I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsvoxÄĄopowpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Howqwpp

O^Kpsqxtq r rMJ

osowruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqttxÄĄovpupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžppqutwpv qv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotrtspÄĄovoxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrtsuÄĄoupoor

S[Č&#x2030;upqvss pt qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowru(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<ovptpoJ+swsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovoxrr w (

J+utxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ovsuqxJ+rtqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opvupv q qMJ

ourtttJ+qqwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<osrspsJ+tvquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwpqsort px sMJ

ÄĄposupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwqrÄĄoptoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrurpÄĄ

Ç?Çłwqosvro qo rMJ

oupoorÄĄoutuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvpoÄĄoropqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopvtpq qs sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupoorÄĄovruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospsqpÄĄotsosp

Â&#x201E;9H^opqvss p sMJ

Ç?ÇłO\ž/H/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvpwJ+ qspprqt ǜžO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppvpqJ+pxpppvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovptorJ+swqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovptorJ+swqtS

I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt

quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppvpqJ+pxpppvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppvpqJ+pxpppvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

ovptorJ+swqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqspoJ+utwsqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovptorJ+swqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ourtsxJ+qqvtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owqspoJ+utwsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppvpqJ+pxpppvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovptorJ+swqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpororrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opttqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?20


pxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;u\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHu9[bTL.W[QpxOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQsU[7j[Tpux>Ĺ LVĆ&#x160;] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovptpuJ+swtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loutrqx x 

<pqtwooJ+pwqtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovptpu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ourrroJ+qqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqxpqp v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLouqtouÄĄoxsurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kptwu r rMJ

-X[ÄĄopowowÄĄoptwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutuqqÄĄovsqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžppqurxpw qv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqpsxÄĄosovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwouÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;upqsrs pt qMJ

opqppqÄĄoqsvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowtv(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<ourrroJ+qqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howptpx x (

J+swtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<outosvJ+rrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]opwspx q qMJ

osrsqoJ+tvqurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<oqtsrvJ+trpxst

QĂžTwpqtupr px sMJ

ovsqpxÄĄoxpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrssrÄĄouqtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłwqosvqx qo rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpwopÄĄorqpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqxsoÄĄotqoor

U\Lpopvtux qs sMJ

pptqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptqrsÄĄopqvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^opqsrs p sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovptroJ+sxrqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqtvtqJ+pwqtqvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovptroJ+sxrqtS

I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsqu qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqtvtqJ+pwqtqvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovptroJ+sxrqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ourrstJ+qqvrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovptroJ+sxrqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<pqtvtqJ+ pwqtqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourrstJ+qqvrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ovptroJ+sxrqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourrstJ+qqvrtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovptroJ+sxrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqtvtqJ+pwqtqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<ourrstJ+qqvrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoursrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?21


qo…OU[:pxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSqp…OU[:>[Ńv\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]po5\ÑTvwuO[+T[bJUqv…>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTqo…>Hvow…QcHv9[bTL.W[QqoOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQtU[7j[TpuxØ];þ[/Q[S@SQ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ \Oj[L<ourrrvJ+qqvpt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovsttw po 

<opouqqJ+pwsxvt„Mj[I[+L[H-bƂV[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ourrrv

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

<ouqqouJ+qotqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;;Ě\Oj[L<oprwqtJ+

„@[T[9rpqrptp w rMJ

-X[ġporursġopovtx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houturxġoxpsps„Mj[

O^Kptsosv r rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswttġorrxqr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopsxqrġ

Ƕ¾ppquqqss qv rMJ

ovowqrġowsrop„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpoqwstġpptsss„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxpx(

-ƆQ]\Oj[L<ouqqouJ+qotqt„Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LíÊM^V½[„O\LSMS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpxpw po (

J+qqvpt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<ouqrttJ+rqr„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

„OT]opxqpx q qMJ

toppso„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrstġovpssp„Mj[

QþTwprppqr px sMJ

-X[ġpprpswġoqrtps„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLorrxqrġotqoqo

Ǐdzwqosvpu qo rMJ

oqrtps„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroprqġosrupo„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpopwppo qs sMJ S[ȉupqpqr pt qMJ „9H^opqpqr p sMJ ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ„O\LSMS<opoupuJ+pwswtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ \QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<opoupuJ+

pwswtqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ \Oj[L<ourrtpJ+qqvtoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „O\LSMS<opoupuJ+pwswtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouqptwJ+qorqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS „íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourrtpJ+qqvtoSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourrtpJ+

qqvtoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouqptwJ+ qorqtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourrtpJ+qqvtoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS< opoupuJ+pwswtqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< ouqptwJ+qorqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lourosr„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowputw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqqso„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrxrr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqttos„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotouts„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovqooq„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxrvpt„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpptosp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsvrq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqttt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oststt„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď22


qpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;w\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHw9[bTL.W[QqpOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQuU[7j[TpuxĂ&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WO-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ouqptpJ+qoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowsorx pp 

MS<opsspwJ+qoquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGOO\Oj[L<ouqptp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouspsoJ+qtqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqtrtts x rMJ

poruoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovsxÄĄoqswtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxroÄĄ

O^Kpuvrx r rMJ

pprprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopswtoÄĄorqoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžppquwrv qv rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovovrtÄĄowsqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqusvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxsp(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ouspsoJ+qtqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoqoop pp (

J+qoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ouqvrvJ+rqpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqoopv q rMJ

oosvorJ+swtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLowosqwÄĄ

QĂžTwprqut qo pMJ

otqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupppoÄĄoututuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpspsÄĄ

Ç?Çłwqosutp qo rMJ

opovsxÄĄoptwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvpwÄĄoporosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopwuw qs sMJ

oroprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrutxÄĄoxoqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upptwpr pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opptwpr p sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsspoJ+qoquqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S 9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsspoJ+qoquqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV 99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsspoJ+qoquqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsspoJ+qoquqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouqpssJ+ptxtvt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousprqJ+qtptqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqpss

J+ptxtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< opsspoJ+qoquqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ousprqJ+ qtptqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowproqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotoqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?23


qqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;x\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHx9[bTL.W[QqqOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQvU[7j[TpuxĂ&#x2DC;]W]H[LOQ] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ouspotJ+qtostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxruss pq 

MS<oqtqtoJ+qrqovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovrpqxJ+stxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9swqsro po rMJ

ovprowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxstotÄĄppquqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxrvÄĄ

O^Kpuqwqw r rMJ

otruspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwpxÄĄorrxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžppqttutx qv rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpostruÄĄpprppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptpsqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;uppttq pt qMJ

oqstqsÄĄosppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoor(

JUQ]\Oj[L<ovrpqxJ+stxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppupx pq (

ouspotJ+qtostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovoqspJ+rrssst

Â&#x201E;OT]oqotwpr q rMJ

\Oj[L<oopxqwJ+sutxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrptoÄĄ

QĂžTwprsopw qo pMJ

otqotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvpsÄĄoxpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopswpwÄĄ

Ç?Çłwqosups qo rMJ

oxpsptÄĄpostruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppquqqÄĄpqpvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopwppp qs sMJ

opqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowspsuÄĄpopussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^oppttq p sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtrosJ+qrqosqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtrosJ+qrqosqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ousotwJ+qtoqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtrosJ+qrqosqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< ovrpsrJ+stxsqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousotwJ+qtoqvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< ovrpsrJ+stxsqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ousotwJ+qtoqvtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtrosJ+qrqosqtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovrpsrJ+stxsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowoxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?24


qrÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;po\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;>HpxqP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpo9[bTL.W[QqrOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQwU[7j[Tpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrssrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovrotrJ+stvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporrpq pr 

Q[J[L<osrorqJ+qvqustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owsxqqJ+wpwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqotwsv pp rMJ

orpwtuQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrotsÄĄovpqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportpxÄĄ

O^Kpusrp r sMJ

oxpspuÄĄoxtxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropsoÄĄosruswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqtsvsx qv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoqu(

59[JU]\Oj[L<owsxqqJ+wpwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqovsr pr (

ovrotrJ+stvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoutsJ+ruqvso

Â&#x201E;OT]oqptuv q rMJ

\Oj[L<oopstuJ+sutqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoqppÄĄ

QĂžTwprtsq qo pMJ

opovrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxssrtÄĄportpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłwqostqs qo rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosruswÄĄoupptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrsxÄĄoppxpv

U\Lpopwptsx qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;upptptp pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opptptp p sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<osrosvJ+qvqvqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oopsswJ+sutqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oopsswJ+ sutqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsu

vpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osrosvJ+qvqvqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrosvJ+stvqqtS I[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L< osrosvJ+qvqvqqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<osrosvJ+qvqvqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owsxrvJ+wpxvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovrosvJ+stvqqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsxrvJ+

wpxvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovrosvJ+stvqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osrosvJ+qvqvqqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owsxrvJ+wpxvtSI[+L[H 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowotppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?25


qs…OU[:pxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSqt…OU[:>[Ńpp\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]ps5\ÑTvwuO[+T[bJUp…OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTqs…>Hvow…QcHpp9[bTL.W[QqsOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQxU[7j[TpuxØ]bQ[\XL]59[JU]Ø]S[K[9^ĚSQbX[¢WOT\QH/ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ \Oj[L<owswqvJ+wpupqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqxop ps 

I[+L[HXƚ[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<owswqvJ+wpupqt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+svropo„Mj[I[+L[HOÅ-Q`HbR[;\JLotqxtwġovpprv„Mj[

„@[T[9trqorw pq rMJ

-X[ġosrosoġoupqpx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsrpwġoxpspv„Mj[

O^Kputpu r sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġosorssġotrssr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoqquġ

Ƕ¾ppqtspv qv rMJ

owsorrġpopttp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopttpġpptpox„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louposw(

I[+L[Hǚz[JU]LíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]Q[J[L<ourrsxJ+rqrxrvt„Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtsqp ps (

<oxruspJ+sopusvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;XV­G\Oj[L<ooqxov

„OT]oqqtrtx q rMJ

-X[ġowoqquġporsts„Mj[-X[ġopovqrġoqsxop„Mj[

QþTwpsvpt qo pMJ

-X[ġorpwpsġosorss„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hpostpvġpprosu

Ǐdzwqossqr qo rMJ

owtrpu„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovsrpwġowqwsw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpopwqorr qs sMJ

9[TS[\Hoxoqttġpoqwpr„Mj[(

S[ȉuppswsp pt qMJ „9H^oppswsp p sMJ ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ourrsoJ+rqrxptSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<ourrso J+rqrxptSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S „O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L<ourrsoJ+rqrxptSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz 9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<poqxtoJ+pqrptvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ

\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owswqoJ+wptttSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ourrsoJ+rqrxptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

poqxtoJ+pqrptvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owswqoJ+wptttSI[+L[HM_\H9[ :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqxtoJ+pqrptvtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[; \OVbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owswqoJ+wptttSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJ

LíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ourrso J+rqrxptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqxtoJ+pqrptvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louptoo„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowoppt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpooutu„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqrsw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqrxqp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lostppo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovospw„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxqprp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpprstw„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprpsx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpopo„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxpo„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď26


qtÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpq9[bTL.W[QqtOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpoU[7j[TpuxM^ÇłbV[ÄĄQÇł\ĂŤL]\M\MH9]Ç&#x161;z[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<poqwsoJ+pqqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqqrrq pt 

XĆ&#x161;[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owturqJ+rwrwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<ootvssJ+swsruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tptrqrr pr qMJ

postovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpttuÄĄopsussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrqowÄĄ

O^Kputqrx r sMJ

oupqsqÄĄoutwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquqoÄĄoropsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqtrutr qv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupqsqÄĄovrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosowrvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupppo(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqxor\Oj[LoxsrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprutq pt (

poqwsoJ+pqqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<ppqttuJ+sstqpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrtpsx q sMJ

\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrruÄĄopovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqwttÄĄ

QĂžTwpspxtw qo pMJ

osoqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupxtwÄĄovpotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłwqosrpo qo rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotqxorÄĄovosroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrvptÄĄoupqsq

U\Lpopwqtpp qs sMJ

otrrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uppstro pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oppstro p sMJ

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twpvpvt Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtusuJ+rwrxpvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owtusuJ+rwrxpvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poqwtuJ+pqqxsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

poqwtuJ+pqqxsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poqwtuJ+

pqqxsqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtusuJ+rwrxpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orouptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?27


quÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpr9[bTL.W[QquOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQppU[7j[Tpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrptoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<pqqssuJ+pvqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppuqx pu 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqqssuJ+pvqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<opqupxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLoupxowÄĄoxsrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqvrvrr ps qMJ

-X[ÄĄopovovÄĄoptwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutwqsÄĄovsrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpusvrt r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorputpÄĄosoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoptooÄĄ

ǜžppqtrtt qv rMJ

oppvtsÄĄoqsqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupprr(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[S[\H<pprpovJ+stvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqpuow pu (

sxtvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<oprsrvJ+topwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqssxrv q sMJ

ovsrsrÄĄoxpsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqwowÄĄoupxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwpsrqpo qo pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqptruÄĄorputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrpouÄĄotqqou

Ç?Çłwqospst qo rMJ

pptorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptorvÄĄopqupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lpopwqxst qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;uppsqqo pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oppsqqo p sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<pppxopJ+ psrvpqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pqqssoJ+pvqpqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<pprpooJ+stvpoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV 99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqqssoJ+pvqpqoSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H S[\H<pprpooJ+stvpoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 

Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqqssoJ+pvqpqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<pprpoo J+stvpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqqssoJ+pvqpqoSI[+L[H

W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pqqssoJ+pvqpqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouovovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxprrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?28


qv…OU[:pxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSqw…OU[:>[Ńps\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr

\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]pv5\ÑTvwuO[+T[bJUs…OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTqv…>Hvow…QcHps9[bTL.W[QqvOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpqU[7j[TpuxØ]LS\W+X>H^­JU] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrotsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ „O\LSMS<oqqutxJ+qqqxqo„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oqovtx pv 

9SGO\G@„O\LSMS<oqqutxJ+qqqxqo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

tpturqt„Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvptġovoxqs„Mj[

„@[T[9uxrwtx pt pMJ

-X[ġpproorġoqrotv„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLorsopsġotqqqs

O^Kpurttx r rMJ

oqrotv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoropttġosrvsq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupptu(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LíÊlj[H]\Oj[L<oqovrsJ+tpsrqt„Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqtrot pv (

orqwpqJ+ttsrvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<oqpqtwJ+

„OT]oqtsvqs q sMJ

-X[ġporrssġopoutx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtwsqġoxpsqr„Mj[

QþTwpssrtp qo pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxoxġorsops„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopstsrġ

Ǐdzwqosow qo rMJ

ovoropġowrwsw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpoqvtqġpptqso„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppqtrtsp qv rMJ U\Lpopwrspt qs sMJ S[ȉupprxx pt qMJ „9H^opprxx p sMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oqovquJ+tpsqsqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<oqovquJ+tpsqsqtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<oqqutqJ+qqqxqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

oqovquJ+tpsqsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oqovquJ+

tpsqsqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/„O\LSMS<oqqutq J+qqqxqtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(„O\LSMS<oqqutqJ+qqqxqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqovquJ+tpsqsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louorpp„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovsxqv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxttox„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpqoo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqqvrr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losrxqp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Loutqrp„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxoxsq„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppqrox„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqooq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtwqs„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvqs„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď29


qwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpt9[bTL.W[Qqw

OX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQprU[7j[TpuxĂ&#x2DC;]9^Q­@jÄź]Ă&#x2DC;]Q[KO]M_\G­Q[cOU[:]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O^Ä­M_\G­Q[ P;O[LO^Ä­S.\O­P[O\H\I  Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SN^TbJ[T;bĹ&#x201E;Ç&#x2C6;S]M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxtwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<osquooJ+qvqxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwqp pw 

9SGOOQ[J[L<osquooJ+qvqxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otqpsv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trpxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLovtxtqÄĄporrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqpsoqq pu pMJ

O[bS[S[\HouprtrÄĄoutxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsqtÄĄppqxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpupwo r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpstvÄĄopoootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoqpwÄĄ

ǜžppqtrwrw qv rMJ

ovrwroÄĄoxorowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqpx(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<osrusvJ+tvtwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqwrv pw (

J+txtostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<oqstpqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqustx r pMJ

-X[ÄĄopoutqÄĄoqsxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoqqÄĄotqqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwpststx qo pMJ

-X[ÄĄopstpsÄĄorptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoutqÄĄoptwoq

Ç?Çłwqorwpx qo rMJ

owrwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopquorÄĄoroqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lpopwrwrx qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;upprttw pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opprttw p sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqstotJ+trpwuoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<osrusoJ+tvtvtvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<osqttrJ+qvqwtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[ KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[\Oj[L<oqstotJ+trpwuoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osrusoJ+tvtvtvtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopq pspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osrusoJ+tvtvtvtSI[+L[H

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osrusoJ+tvtvtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<osqttrJ+qvqwtoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<osqttrJ+qvqwtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<osrusoJ+tvtvtvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqowosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouswruÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxotsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?30


qxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpu9[bTL.W[QqxOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpsU[7j[Tpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<oupqopJ+rptuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorswor px 

\Oj[L<ousxtoJ+rrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outwovJ+rtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vrstpt pv pMJ

otqtqxÄĄovovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxspstÄĄppqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpttrtu r rMJ

opssowÄĄotqxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwopÄĄorsorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžppqtsrts qv rMJ

pqptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpossppÄĄppqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;upprqsw pt qMJ

9[TS[\HoqsoqpÄĄosossqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqsq(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<osrtrrJ+tvttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osorrw px (

otqorrJ+txsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<oupqopJ+rptuqo

Â&#x201E;OT]oqvsqtp r pMJ

M\S<\Oj[L<orostoJ+tsporqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwpttrt qo pMJ

orsorpÄĄotqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutxpuÄĄoxpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwqorupw qo rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxpsprÄĄpossppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsptÄĄ

U\Lpopwsqtw qs sMJ

ppsxtrÄĄopqttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrvspÄĄpoprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^opprqsw p sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ousxsqJ+rrqsqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<ouppttJ+rptutSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousxsqJ+rrqsqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ousxsq J+rrqsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ouppttJ+rptutSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouppttJ+

rptutSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Q[J[L<ouppttJ+rptutSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ousxsq J+rrqsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqosowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxoptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?31


roÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;>HvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpv9[bTL.W[QroOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQptU[7j[Tpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovrvprJ+rtrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrvrq qo 

\Oj[L<owrxtqJ+wpoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owpospJ+utvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpttutw pv sMJ

ÄĄorprqvQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqsrvÄĄovovpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kptqspp r rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxpspuÄĄoxtxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqpoÄĄ

ǜžppqttpqu qv rMJ

pptpqtÄĄopptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprot(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ouswtwJ+rrotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrwtu qo (

outvptJ+rtprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovrvprJ+rtrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqwsorr r pMJ

\Oj[L<orovprJ+tspwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;S[\Hpqtwst

QĂžTwptptrv qo pMJ

porqrxÄĄopourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsppwÄĄporqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwqorst qo rMJ

osrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrwqtÄĄoupsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lpopwsvpq qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;uppqxrv pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oppqxrv p sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ouswtpJ+rrortSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owrxssJ+wxttSI[+L[HKL^S[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ouswtpJ+rrortSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L 9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<owrxssJ+wxttSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouswtpJ+

rrortSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrxssJ+wxttSI[+L[Hqrtvxpp

pqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< ouswtpJ+rrortSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L Q[J[L<ovrvqwJ+rtrqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owrxssJ+wxttSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovrvqwJ+rtrqvtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrvqwJ+rtrqvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouswtpJ+ rrortSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovrvqwJ+rtrqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owrxssJ+wxttSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqoopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opowprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?32


rpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qp5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHpw9[bTL.W[QrpOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpuU[7j[Tpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owruowJ+rwottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqvpr qp 

\Oj[L<owoxtoJ+uttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owruowJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<oqswooJ+trrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqwpwrs pw sMJ

opoursÄĄoqsxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrqptÄĄouptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kpssxqp r rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposrtvÄĄppqwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvrvÄĄ

ǜžppquppo qv rMJ

ovsssrÄĄowqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowruruÄĄpopropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uppququ pt qMJ

poqvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprqx(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<owrxooJ+wwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGO\G@

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otptpu qp (

rwottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owtsqxJ+wswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]oqxrwpq r pMJ

otqrsuÄĄovourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtwoqÄĄporqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTwptqtt qo pMJ

ovsssrÄĄoxpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpqsxÄĄortvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwqorpsp qo rMJ

otqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtwoqÄĄowsxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lpopwtpqp qs sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopropÄĄppsxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxorowÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^oppququ p sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owrxptJ+wwsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pooqoqJ+pprvstSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owpoosJ+uttstSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L

9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[\Oj[L<owrxptJ+wwsqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŌO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrxptJ+

wwsqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pooqoqJ+pprvstSI[+L[Hprsuv popqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owrxptJ+wwsqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pooqoqJ+pprvstSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owruop J+rworvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owpoosJ+uttstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owrxptJ+

wwsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owruop J+rworvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opospwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?33


pÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;px\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qq5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHpx9[bTL.W[QpÂ&#x201E;@D

M[=[LQ^W\TQpvU[7j[Tpux W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrQ[\S vwusqp /bS/ J+qqrptqt <psqwS WQj 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxosswJ+rxpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupvqr qq 

OO\Oj[L<owtsqpJ+wswrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxosswJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<oqotorJ+tpsvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpotqrr px sMJ

ovsstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqwrsÄĄopsqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpqppÄĄ

O^Kpspou r rMJ

oxsoqvÄĄpqpstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupsquÄĄovottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppquprq qv rMJ

oroqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqqtuÄĄoutxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrwtu

S[Č&#x2030;uppqrpu pt qMJ

ÄĄotquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprtr(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<poopsqJ+ppruttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottrqp qq (

rxpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxovsqJ+xqrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]portto r qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsotxÄĄouptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovooprÄĄ

QĂžTwptrrtx qo pMJ

otquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqqtuÄĄoupsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwqoqxt qo rMJ

9^\T9S[\HouptroÄĄovooprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtsvÄĄ

U\Lpopwttqt qs sMJ

ÄĄouptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouptroÄĄovrxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoqro

Â&#x201E;9H^oppqrpu p sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pooprsJ+pprurtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<potsowJ+prtoqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtsptJ+

wswpvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpp

pqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pooprsJ+pprurtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potsowJ+prtoqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potsowJ+prtoqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< potsowJ+prtoqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxotoqJ+rxptptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<owtsptJ+wswpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxotoqJ+rxptptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<potsowJ+prtoqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LospxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpporrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?34


q„@DpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSr„@D>[Ńqo\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qr5\ÑTvwuO[+T[bJUpo…OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTr…OU[:vow…QcHqo9[bTL.W[Qq„@D M[=[LQ^W\TQpwU[7j[Tpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxoqrrJ+rxppt„Mj[I[+L[HVƊ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovowov qr 

„9gTO\Oj[L<oxovruJ+xqrsqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<oxoqrr

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

O\G@„R[;ǶP\Oj[L<ootvptJ+swtxtqt„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾

„@[T[9wqrsoto qo sMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houptttġovstpp„Mj[-X[ġposrssġpqtvrx

O^Kprqvpx r rMJ

ġotqsqo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horpprsġortupq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾ppquqvo qv rMJ

9[TS[\Hoppsqsġoqrwot„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupspv(

LíÊM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<potrsvJ+prsxpo„Mj[I[+L[H1ġS[V[i[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourrsx qs (

J+rxppt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owsxrtJ+wsosqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]pprrqu r qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovotpvġoxsoor„Mj[-X[ġpqpsswġoqsxrs

QþTwptsqpw qo pMJ

„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosrqssġotqsqo„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrqss

Ǐdzwqoqupv qo rMJ

popqpvġppsxop„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxopġopqtss„Mj[(

U\Lpopwtxqs qs sMJ S[ȉuppqot pt qMJ „9H^oppqot p sMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L O[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<potsoqJ+prsxsvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxoqquJ+rxposvtSI[+L[HQ9S S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<ppptrvJ+psstsvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h] -ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[

<[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxovqvJ+xqrqoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ S[\H<oxoqquJ+rxposvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<potsoqJ+prsxsvtS I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ppptrvJ+psstsvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L< potsoqJ+prsxsvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ppptrvJ+

psstsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<potsoqJ+prsxsvtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

oxoqquJ+rxposvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxovqvJ+xqrqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<potsoqJ+prsxsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxoqquJ+rxposvtSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppptrvJ+

psstsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Q[\S193

M[\ď35


TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppswquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqortxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosptsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osorswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?36


r„@DpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSs„@D>[Ńqp\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qs5\ÑTvwuO[+T[bJUpp…OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTs…OU[:vow…QcHqp9[bTL.W[Qr„@D M[=[LQ^W\TQpxU[7j[Tpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsrvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ „Wń[<owqxsqJ+rvtp„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ](

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovtxpw qs 

pssuto„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SG;S\Oj[L<owsxtqJ+wspqt„Mj[

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+ussrqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;Ƕ¾S[\H<ppquotJ+stpptvt

„@[T[9xussrs qp sMJ

oxpsrqġpqpqst„Mj[-X[ġopsptpġorpotw„Mj[(

O^Kpqsptu r qMJ

orspqo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopsptpġoqquqt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾ppqusqtx qv sMJ

9[TS[\Hpoqutuġpptoqx„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupssp(

.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊ1ġS[V[i[\Oj[L<pppuoqJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovpvov qt (

I[+L[HO\G@„Wń[<owqxsqJ+rvtp„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<owoqqo

„OT]pqrouo r qMJ

„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ-Q`HbR[;\JLowsvtxġporppx„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QþTwpttop qo pMJ

QbXŃbR[;S[\Horttrpġossoos„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxrxġ

Ǐdzwqoqrpv qo rMJ

oroqrsġosrxqv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutwppġowrtos„Mj[(

U\Lpopxrpv qs sMJ S[ȉuppputs pt qMJ „9H^oppputs p sMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pppttsJ+pssuroSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<ppowspJ+psroqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½ OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9

„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owsxssJ+wsptS I[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<pppttsJ+pssuroSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<

ppowspJ+psroqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<pppttsJ+pssuroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppowspJ+psroqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pppttsJ+pssuroSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ„Wń[< owqxrtJ+rvtosqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[<owqxrtJ+rvtosqtSI[+L[HH[T

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owsxssJ+ wsptSI[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pppttsJ+ pssuroSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„Wń[<owqxrtJ+rvtosqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<ppowspJ+psroqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotrtso„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovqptt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxqvrv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppssqx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqoooq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lospptp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louqtoo„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owsqpp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpottrx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqtqro„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrotq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxtq„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď37


sÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qt5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHqq9[bTL.W[QsÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqoU[7j[Tpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrsuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovqwqtJ+rtpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtors qt 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owoqrvJ+ustptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovqwqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹS[\H<oxrqpuJ+soqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqost qq sMJ

orsproÄĄosrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupustÄĄovopprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppttq r qMJ

-X[ÄĄosrrptÄĄotqtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrooxÄĄoxtxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqvotu qv sMJ

pqtutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutvrrÄĄowrsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louptot(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ppoxouJ+psrpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loworrr qu (

J+rtpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouswovJ+rsotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]prqwrr r rMJ

\JLotqorpÄĄovttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxpuÄĄpqpsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTwpttvw qo pMJ

pqpqroÄĄoqqttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqsxstÄĄorsproÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłwqoqou qo rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopouptÄĄoptwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqroÄĄ

U\Lpopxvu qs sMJ

opqtsoÄĄoroqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsoowÄĄoxorroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uppprss pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oppprss p sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ppoxooJ+psrppqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ousvtxJ+rsorvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 \Oj[L<porttqJ+prpoqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owoqrpJ+ustSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+X S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousvtxJ+rsorvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppoxooJ+psrppqtSI[+L[Hqsu

vxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porttqJ+prpoqoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr qtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovqwsoJ+rtqoqqtS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovqwsoJ+rtqoqqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;Ig

Q[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owoqrpJ+ustSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppoxooJ+psrppqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqwsoJ+rtqoqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porttqJ+prpoqoSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ 

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S193

M[\Ä?38


tÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qu5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHqr9[bTL.W[QtÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqpU[7j[Tpux\Ă&#x160;bT[>L[Ć&#x2020;Q] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqtuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ouoqqoJ+rpsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxspqt qu 

<oxsoqxJ+potrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otpotpJ+txrxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9porrwtr qr sMJ

ovttprÄĄppqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptwoqÄĄotqtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kppvsp r qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqrqÄĄpqpsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrqxÄĄ

ǜžppqvqosu qv sMJ

owrsouÄĄpopppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqruroÄĄortxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptro(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<porupwJ+prppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowtrow qv (

ouswstJ+rsqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ouoqqoJ+rpsuro

Â&#x201E;OT]psqus r rMJ

/Ĺ&#x192;Q[J[L<ovpwrxJ+rstvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwpurrx qo pMJ

oupvppÄĄoxtxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqptÄĄopspopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwqopusr qo rMJ

ppqvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswqvÄĄopqtrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpopxposw qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;uppporr pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oppporr p sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<porupoJ+prpptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxsoqpJ+potrqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

O`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouswrwJ+rsqptS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porupoJ+prpptSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oxsoqpJ+potrqvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porupoJ+prpptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L <oxsoqpJ+potrqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ouoqrsJ+rpsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouswrwJ+rsqptSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porupo J+prpptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouoqrsJ+rpsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxsoqpJ+potrqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosortxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqssrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?39


u„@DpxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSv„@D>[Ńqs\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qv5\ÑTvwuO[+T[bJUps…OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTv…OU[:vow…QcHqs9[bTL.W[Qu„@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqqU[7j[Tpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ Q[J[L<osptopJ+qvqovt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hporppu qv 

\Oj[L<owqvooJ+vtptvt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSP[ÍMJ9SG…H\HT\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<orpsrqJ+tstosvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;

„@[T[9popvqvso qs sMJ

orsptrġoupvru„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovoptsġoxpssx„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kpoqpr r qMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotpwtwġoupotr„Mj[-X[ġoxrwrpġppqqqo

Ƕ¾ppqvsqqu qv sMJ

oxtxov„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqtvġossopv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupttt(

JUQ]LíÊUH\PV[\Oj[L<oxsppoJ+pottro„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxstrw qw (

<otpprpJ+txspqqt„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<osptopJ+qvqovt

„OT]ptqrrr r rMJ

…OK`\HQ[J[L<osswowJ+qwsqtt„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTwpuxrr qo pMJ

pqpqopġoqqstt„Mj[-X[ġortrrpġotqqov„Mj[

Ǐdzwqoprpo qo rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrwrpġporoqu„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpssxġ

U\Lpopxpsqu qs sMJ

ossopvġoupvru„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsxtqġoppqtt„Mj[(

S[ȉuppvqq pt qMJ „9H^oppvqq p sMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxspoqJ+pottpoSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orpsqtJ+tstoroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­

Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owqvpsJ+

vtqrqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L „;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[  \Oj[L<oxspoqJ+pottpoSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L <orpsqtJ+tstoroSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtv wpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<oxspoqJ+pottpoSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs

quqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owqvpsJ+vtqrqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ \Oj[L<oxspoqJ+pottpoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<

owqvpsJ+vtqrqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<

oxspoqJ+pottpoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osptpsJ+qvqosoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

oxspoqJ+pottpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<osptpsJ+qvqosoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owqvpsJ+ vtqrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotqrtr„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovpoow„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxptto„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprqsp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[opswpt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losoooq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louprpp„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owroqs„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hposrto„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqsosq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpxos„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswot„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď40


v„@DpxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSw„@D>[Ńqt\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qw5\ÑTvwuO[+T[bJUpt…OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTw…OU[:vow…QcHqt9[bTL.W[Qv„@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqrU[7j[Tpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqppwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ „O\LSMS<oqppowJ+qqpqpvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppxsp qw 

I[+L[H1ġSP[ÍMJ\Oj[L<ovoopqJ+spusvt„Mj[I[+L[H„SOH]9SG

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+sxqstvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;\Oƃ^Ŧ„O\LSMS<oqortvJ+

„@[T[9pppqwqu qt sMJ

S[\Houpwoqġowrosq„Mj[-X[ġpqtuooġorowrx„Mj[

O^Koqxrupq r pMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoxrwpoġporoox„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtsppġ

Ƕ¾ppqwttq qv sMJ

owrrppġpoporx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoporxġppswow„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuqo(

I[+L[H59[JU]LíÊM_O­P[ÍMJ\Oj[L<owqwosJ+vtsrvt„Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lposorv qx (

\O\Ɔ„O\LSMS<oqppowJ+qqpqpvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oporqw

„OT]puqpp r rMJ

qptsqo„Mj[I[+L[HÑ]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsowġoqtoot„Mj[O[bS[

QþTwpupsto qo pMJ

-X[ġortqtqġotqppw„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoupoprġovoqpq

Ǐdzwqoxqs qo rMJ

owsupo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovsuqxġowrosq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpopxpvtv qs sMJ

9[TS[\Hoxortpġpoqusu„Mj[(

S[ȉuppspq pt qMJ „9H^oppspq p sMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owqvtuJ+vtspvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<ovooouJ+spurqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L -bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqvtuJ+vtspvtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LíÊH\Oj[L<owqvtuJ+vtspvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ovooouJ+ spurqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owqvtuJ+vtspvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/

\Oj[L<ovooouJ+spurqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owqvtuJ+

vtspvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oqppooJ+qqpptvtSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owqvtuJ+vtspvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ„O\LSMS<oqppooJ+qqpptvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[; \OVbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovooouJ+spurqtS I[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovoupp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxppts„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppqwsu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[ opsspw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[ortuow„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louoxpv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owquqw„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hporxtt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqrusu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqptow„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orssow„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpuoo„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď41


wÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qx5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHqu9[bTL.W[QwÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqsU[7j[TpuxĂ&#x2DC;]-MS[@Tž]h[59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqorpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pptsqoJ+purqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqouqv qx 

otpvqx\Oj[LoxqwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pptsqoJ+purqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppptrwrq qu sMJ

J+poropqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<ppoxqoJ+psrxrvt

O^Koqwtspp r pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsqpvÄĄoupwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoqrvÄĄ

ǜžppqwrpp qv sMJ

otqorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpvqxÄĄouoxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;upppp pt qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoupwqxÄĄovoqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtruÄĄ

O^KO\ž

ÄĄoupwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupwqxÄĄovsppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvst

O^SH/Q[J[Loupust(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<oxqwtqJ+poropqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpprvrw ro (

ovoppuJ+spxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<otqsqvJ+opxpo

Â&#x201E;OT]pvpwqv r sMJ

Â&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<posqqoJ+srrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxqwtq

QĂžTwpupxqw qo pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<owovrqJ+vutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½

Ç?Çłwqotqw qo rMJ

ovsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvquÄĄoprxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorowouÄĄ

U\Lpopxqpqs qs sMJ

oxrvsxÄĄpqpsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoxrrÄĄovoprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^opppp p sMJ

ororpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpvqxÄĄouttovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossotp

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ÄĄotqorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovoppoJ+spxpqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otqsspJ+opxstSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<

owovsuJ+vvqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovoppoJ+spxpqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L <owovsuJ+vvqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovoppoJ+spxpqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otqsspJ+opxstSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovoppoJ+spxpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pptsrsJ+purqsqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pptsrsJ+ purqsqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqxovJ+porotoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovoppoJ+spxpqtSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pptsrsJ+ purqsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

otqsspJ+opxstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqxovJ+porotoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovoqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouotqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqrq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S193

M[\Ä?42


xÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ro5\Ă&#x2018;TvwuO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHqv9[bTL.W[QxÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqtU[7j[Tpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxssO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxqxtwJ+porqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqtpss ro 

ovoppvJ+sqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<otqtrpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

PSG]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxqxtwJ+porqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqxtstr qv sMJ

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<owowrvJ+vxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½

O^Koqwpttu r pMJ

ÄĄoxrvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprttÄĄoqtoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpwtt

ǜžppqwtvsw qv sMJ

osrsrwÄĄotqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrsrwÄĄotqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upotvtp pt qMJ

ppsvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvtpÄĄopqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvpp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpusv\Oj[LoxqxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqruqo p (

oqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<orssssJ+tupprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pwpttq r sMJ

owptswJ+rvqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovoppvJ+sqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwpuqrqw qo pMJ

\Oj[L<otorttJ+txqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLovopos

Ç?Çłwqopqp qo rMJ

ÄĄovsvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrptÄĄpqttqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

U\Lpopxqsss qs sMJ

9^\T9S[\HorovrsÄĄortprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopootÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^opotvtp p sMJ

oppptuÄĄoqrsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otqtqtJ+oqprtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orssruJ+tupppvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqtqtJ+oqprtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otqtqtJ+oqprtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<orssruJ+tupppvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otqtqtJ+oqprtS I[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orssruJ+tupppvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxropqJ+porrrqtSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxropqJ+porrrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovoprpJ+ sqrrtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqtqtJ+oqprtS

I[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxropqJ+porrrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orssruJ+tupppvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovoprpJ+sqrrtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxosoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opruquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orswpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouopqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqovpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otowoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?43


poÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHqw9[bTL.W[QpoÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQquU[7j[Tpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwtwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ovoqqsJ+sqtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprttw

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<orstsxJ+tupsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]\Oj[L<oqotstJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otswprJ+rpqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opspss q pMJ

otossoJ+txrpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<oqopotJ+

O^Koqvsqpv r pMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxptptÄĄpqppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxouÄĄorovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqxqupo qv sMJ

orsqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprxouÄĄoqqrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;upotsso pt qMJ

9[TS[\HpoqusrÄĄppsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvru(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<osrtoxJ+twpxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;

p O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprurs q (

tqttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovoqqsJ+sqtsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pxprpu r sMJ

osrtoxJ+twpxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<

QĂžTwpuqusx qo pMJ

tptspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLowsstvÄĄpoqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłwpxtvr qo qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HortpopÄĄosrtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtoqxÄĄ

U\Lpopxqvtx qs sMJ

ororrqÄĄosspqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutrtxÄĄowrptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^opotsso p sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oqotrwJ+tqtrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqotrwJ+tqtrtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqotrwJ+tqtrtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oqotrwJ+tqtrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovoqpuJ+sqtqvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/

\Oj[L<osrtopJ+twpxqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovoqpuJ+sqtqvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ \Oj[L<osrtopJ+twpxqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpssp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqorqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otospqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?44


pp„@DpxrQ[\S„T/M[9M[pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSpq„@D>[Ńro\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]q„QvwuO[+T[bJUpx…OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTpq…OU[:vow…QcHro9[bTL.W[Qpp„@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqvU[7j[Tpux.\@„Qg\L Q^SO^S\Jj[\XL[\L NT[X[S]9[\T9[M^@[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<osruptJ+twqqvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpxtp

9`\ġ9[\Oj[L<oorqppJ+swprrvt„Mj[I[+L[H„S[\XG]9SGU9^\L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+qtqrt„Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<oqptowJ+tqrouo„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9oqwrqrp r pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotptqsġovtqpv„Mj[-X[ġoxrutqġpqprst

O^Koqvprtr r pMJ

„Mj[-X[ġpqpotwġoqqqrx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoqtorwġ

Ƕ¾ppqxtur qv sMJ

oxtxpv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouoqġoptwqo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[ȉupotpqx pt qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqtrxġororsq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hovsqouġ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwoq(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<oqptowJ+tqrouo„Mj[I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊ

q O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqrwqo r (

\Oj[L<osruptJ+twqqvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J„O\LSMS<orqsrw

„OT]ppoporw s pMJ

\9Ǣö„R[;-\H;ĚS[\H<ppoqrrJ+ssqvtqt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[

QþTwpuqxrq qo pMJ

„Mj[-X[ġorsqttġosrtpr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpxswġovorsq

Ǐdzwpxtqrs qo qMJ

orsqtt„Mj[-X[ġosrtprġotqvrp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howrpqxġ

U\Lpopxrpx qs sMJ

pqpotwġpqtstp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutrqvġowrpro„Mj[(

„9H^opotpqx p sMJ

oxosqt„Mj[(

O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾/H/\Oj[L<owqooqJ+ vsprt

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

„R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<orqsrpJ+qtqqsvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oorqquJ+swpsptSI[+L[H O`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[ „íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<

orqsrpJ+qtqqsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqptoq J+tqrostSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sq

stvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oorqquJ+swpsptSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqp qrqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oorqquJ+swpsptS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oqptoqJ+tqrostSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<

orqsrpJ+qtqqsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oorqquJ+swpsptSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqptoqJ+tqrostSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Loutoqx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowtupo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppproq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opqwrt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orsoqr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lottrrq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owpost

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpoqspp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqqpor„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/optxqt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqwqt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoopv„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď45


pq„@DpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSpr„@D>[ŃpO[QLQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]r„QvwuO[+T[bJUqo…OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTpr…OU[:vow…QcHp/=[.W[Qpq„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQqw U[7j[Tpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ \Oj[L<oootrtJ+svwst„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orospv

9SG\9Ǣö„O\LSMS<opowtwJ+pxstrt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

rvqsto„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovtptoġppqppw„Mj[

„@[T[9ppqsusu s pMJ

-X[ġpqposvġoprwqt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqppwġpqprsp

O^Koqutppv r pMJ

opqtsp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrpovġpooxpw„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwqx(

\ƻH]j[LíÊ„S[\XG]S[\H<ppoxosJ+ssstto„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorspsr s (

oootrtJ+svwst„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;W^9Q­[„Wń[<owpqsoJ+

„OT]pppvtw s pMJ

-X[ġoptwqtġotqvtr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqoptġoxtxqo„Mj[

QþTwpurprs qo pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposroxġppqutw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvqxġ

Ǐdzwpxsvts qo qMJ

oqrrppġorttqo„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ooqvqt p pMJ

U\Lpopxrspq qs sMJ S[ȉuposwpx pt qMJ „9H^oposwpx p sMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twtrt

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

XSM;H[S[„íQ[S[\H<ppoxpxJ+sssuqvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ppotssJ+psrxvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍ

OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppotssJ+psrxvtS I[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHS[\H<ppoxpxJ+sssuqvtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv

LíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/S[\H<ppoxpxJ+sssuqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oootqwJ+svwqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L< oootqwJ+svwqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oootqwJ+svwqvtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(„O\LSMS<opoxpqJ+pxsupoSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<ppoxpxJ+sssuqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oootqwJ+svwqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lousurq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowtqpt„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppoxou„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opqsso„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orruqv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotsxru„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owousx

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpoqopt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqpvov„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opttqw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqsqw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostuqq„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď46


prÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHq/=[.W[QprÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQqx U[7j[Tpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpusvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<popppqJ+sqqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortopr

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ppourvJ+psspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HQ[J[L<otrsqpJ+rotosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqutrro t qMJ

oxptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqporvÄĄoqqpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxpwÄĄ

O^Koqurstq q sMJ

oxrupvÄĄppqppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrupvÄĄpoqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopopp p pMJ

ossqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossqqrÄĄouqosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwtt(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[S[\H<poopouJ+sptvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lossurw t (

popppqJ+sqqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxqoqtJ+popvqt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppqtpw s pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsrqrÄĄouqosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovosqvÄĄ

QĂžTwpurqtw qo pMJ

otpusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpsotÄĄouourpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpxsrs qo qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxptrxÄĄoxtxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorosorÄĄ

U\Lpopxrvpo qs sMJ

ppswssÄĄoppostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upostw pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opostw p sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ppourpJ+pssptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<poootxJ+sptvptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppourpJ+pssptSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poootxJ+sptvptSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

S[\H<poootxJ+sptvptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<poppotJ+sqqqroS I[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<poppotJ+sqqqroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poppotJ+sqqqroSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppourpJ+pssptSI[+L[H

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<poootxJ+

sptvptSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<poppotJ+sqqqroSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowswpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppotppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqtr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqprppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?47


psÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;rO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHr/=[.W[QpsÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQp \ĆľT9JpuxSĹŚ[H`H]j[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owruptJ+rwquuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrwrr

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxqppsJ+popxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owruptJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpprpJ+qsttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qposxsw u qMJ

pqtsovÄĄorotouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswstÄĄotpuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koquqsts q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtotxÄĄowsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovswqxÄĄ

ǜžoprspx p pMJ

poowtoÄĄppsvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxostrÄĄpoqustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxqq(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[S[\H<oxpqpsJ+rxtutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

t O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottqrq u (

rwquuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovtvooJ+utoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]pprqru s pMJ

pqprrsÄĄoqtpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqpoxÄĄowrqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTwpurrsp qo pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouottwÄĄoutwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruopÄĄpoqwrq

Ç?Çłwpxrws qo qMJ

owrqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowroqrÄĄpoowtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpopxsoq qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;uposptv pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oposptv p sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9S[\H<oxpqqwJ+rxtvrqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

oxpqqwJ+rxtvrqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orppqrJ+qststoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<

oxpqqwJ+rxtvrqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<oxpqqwJ+rxtvrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owruowJ+rwqusqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxqpovJ+popxpoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owruowJ+rwqusqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxpqqwJ+rxtvrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppopptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotspssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwtu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqoxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?48


ptÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;sO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHs/=[.W[QptÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQq \ĆľT9Jpux1Q[>H^I­]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovqssqJ+rtqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqxtq

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovtvqwJ+utprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovqssq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opovosJ+pxstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqsrrps v qMJ

ppqusrÄĄoprvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorosrwÄĄotptqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koquqprp q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouotqtÄĄoutwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqprvÄĄ

ǜžoqxst p pMJ

otpqtoÄĄoutpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossropÄĄouqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxsw(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvoxJ+rwttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

u O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loutwpv v (

J+rtqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<outwswJ+squqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]pprtxtq s qMJ

orsrtpÄĄouqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovotpqÄĄovswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTwpurrsr qo pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpqtoÄĄouotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtsuÄĄpqprrp

Ç?Çłwpxrqtr qo qMJ

ovotpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtsxÄĄorosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpopxsqsw qs sMJ

ouqprvÄĄovsrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrsoÄĄotptqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uporwsv pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oporwsv p sMJ

QÞTO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twtvto

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<otqvqxJ+ orurvt Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovqsruJ+rtqxqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvopJ+rwttqvtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovqsruJ+

rtqxqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpw qoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvopJ+rwttqvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsvopJ+rwttqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovqsruJ+rtqxqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtvqpJ+utppvtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqsruJ+

rtqxqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owsvopJ+rwttqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoursstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovttop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoowqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqotpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osssrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?49


pu„@DpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSpv„@D>[ŃtO[QLQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]v„QvwuO[+T[bJUqs…OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTpv…OU[:vow…QcHt/=[.W[Qpu„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQr \ƵT9Jpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsssO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ousopqJ+rrrxtt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqspw w 

\Oj[L<outwtsJ+squso„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ousopqJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

…H\HT„R[;O`\ĭ\Oj[L<ppqrroJ+ptqwpo„Mj[I[+L[HǝO-Q`HbR[;

„@[T[9rwqs w qMJ

S[\Houqqosġovsxot„Mj[-X[ġposrowġpqtrso„Mj[(

O^Koquqsst q sMJ

otqxqt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horospqġorsvsq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾oqsuqu p pMJ

9[TS[\Hopoxtxġoqrprs„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqopt(

VƊ]LíÊM^V½[„Wń[<owsxotJ+rxqvt„Mj[I[+L[H-bƂV[9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howoqpq w (

rrrxtt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<ouqxoqJ+rprqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]ppstvw s qMJ

\JLoutvrrġoxrtrp„Mj[-X[ġpqprqxġoqtpqv„Mj[O[bS[

QþTwpurru qo pMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLosrusuġotqxqt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrusuġ

Ǐdzwpxqvrr qo qMJ

poowqtġppsvox„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvoxġopqttr„Mj[(

U\Lpopxstqw qs sMJ S[ȉuportru pt qMJ „9H^oportru p sMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\QÊ„Wń[<owswtvJ+rxpsvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ \QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„Wń[<owswtvJ+

rxpsvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<ousoquJ+rrsoroSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„Wń[<owswtvJ+rxpsvtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ousoquJ+rrsoroSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outxoxJ+sqvpvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ LíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ousoquJ+

rrsoroSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„Wń[<owswtvJ+rxpsvtSI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[; „J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lourosx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowrurp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpotrqq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opowtu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orqoss„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotrrtr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtpot

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpoosrq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqopqs„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprxst„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orowsu„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossorw„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď50


pvÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[QpvÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQs \ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ouqtrtJ+rrssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqspw w 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqxpoJ+rprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ouqtrt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<poorqrJ+pqxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqpptqo x qMJ

poqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpupuÄĄpqpoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprutsÄĄ

O^Koqursrq q sMJ

\JLoqtprwÄĄorssqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprutsÄĄoqqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžorqsqo p qMJ

owqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqutqÄĄppswpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqosq(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[S[\H<oxqopoJ+soqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howoqpq w (

J+rrssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ouqxtrJ+rputvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ppttsqq s qMJ

oxovtuJ+xtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLowsqrrÄĄ

QĂžTwpurpsw qo pMJ

ororsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsvpqÄĄosrorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ç?Çłwpxqqr qo qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorossxÄĄossrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutorpÄĄ

U\Lpopxswq qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;uporqqt pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oporqqt p sMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<oxqoorJ+soqotvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S

9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<oxqoorJ+soqotvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­C O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

oxqoorJ+soqotvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ouqtqwJ+rrsro SI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxqoorJ+soqotvt

SI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ouqtqwJ+rrsroS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouqtqwJ+rrsroSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouqxosJ+rprroSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ouqtqwJ+rrsroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opotooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsvpo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoooruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osruspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?51


pwÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;vO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHv/=[.W[QpwÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQt \ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ousprtJ+rrsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovqpps x 

\Oj[L<ouqxsqJ+rpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ousprtJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<oxovssJ+xtprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sspqtq po qMJ

ovsxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtosÄĄpqprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssrvÄĄ

O^Koqutosu r pMJ

oqqoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtpsxÄĄorssrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžosrqr p qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopoupsÄĄoptxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxtsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;upoqxpt pt qMJ

opquoqÄĄorotopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsspwÄĄoxotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpox(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[S[\H<poqptsJ+sqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG;S

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxoqrq x (

rrsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovopssJ+srvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]pputprt s rMJ

owrusuJ+wrtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotppouÄĄ

QĂžTwpuqxsx qo pMJ

osrvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqtxÄĄovouqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtsÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpxpuqr qo qMJ

osrvqsÄĄotropqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrrotÄĄoxtxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopxtoro qs sMJ

pqtrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutootÄĄowqxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^opoqxpt p sMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<poqpsvJ+sqtusqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H S[\H<poqpsvJ+sqtusqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poqpsvJ+sqtusqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

ouspswJ+rrsustSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouspswJ+rrsustSI[+L[HL[\S9L

:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqxrsJ+rpupoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouspswJ+rrsustSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<poqpsvJ+sqtusqtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpostrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsrpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?52


pxÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;wO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHw/=[.W[QpxÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQu \ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqtoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ovqwrqJ+rtsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowpxqw po 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovopppJ+srurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<owrupsJ+wrspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sputtqo pp qMJ

ovsxowÄĄppqorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptxoxÄĄotrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Koqvprps r pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqorsÄĄpqprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrpqÄĄ

ǜžossrrr p qMJ

owqwsvÄĄpoovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqroqxÄĄortpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqprv(

I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]S[\H<pptroxJ+susuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtwop po (

ovqwrqJ+rtsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oworovJ+vpqsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppvswsv s rMJ

OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<owqxopJ+wpvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwpuqvx qo pMJ

ouqrqvÄĄoxtxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxsvÄĄopruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwpxpors qo qMJ

ppquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvooÄĄopquovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpopxtqtq qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;upoqus pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opoqus p sMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<pptropJ+susupoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oworooJ+vpqqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

oworooJ+vpqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pptropJ+susupoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupw qoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ovqwqtJ+rtsssoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pptropJ+susupoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<pptropJ+susupoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovqwqtJ+rtsssoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ovopotJ+sruqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqwqtJ+rtsssoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<pptropJ+susupoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpospruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orowtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?53


qoÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;xO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHx/=[.W[QqoÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQv \ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrptJ+rwtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxpvrt pp 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owoqpsJ+vporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<owqwowJ+wptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqxqspq pq pMJ

ÄĄouqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovowÄĄoxpuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxsp

O^Koqvspss r pMJ

otpooqÄĄouoqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrssoÄĄppqorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžotqssw p qMJ

poooopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorotquÄĄossssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqos(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<optposJ+tpsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hposwpu pp (

owsrptJ+rwtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxroosJ+potpqo

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwsttv s rMJ

\Oj[L<owspouJ+wswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLorstow

QĂžTwpuqrto qo pMJ

ÄĄoqpxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstswÄĄotpqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłwpxsru qo qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrssoÄĄpoqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpuswÄĄ

U\Lpopxttw qs sMJ

ossssoÄĄouqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppswosÄĄopoxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upoqqtr pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opoqqtr p sMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owoqouJ+vpopoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<optotvJ+tpsrrqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owoqouJ+

vpopoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstv

xppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<optotvJ+tpsrrqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqr

qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrowJ+rwtqstSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<optotvJ+tpsrrqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<optotvJ+tpsrrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrowJ+rwtqstSI[+L[H 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owoqouJ+vpopoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsrowJ+rwtqstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<optotv J+tpsrrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqtrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orotooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovrtqp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?54


qpÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;poO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/=[.W[QqpÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQ w\ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<poqporJ+sqtwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpopsqt pq 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxqxpqJ+posxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<poqporJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<oxowqoJ+xtwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tppsprx pr pMJ

owrrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqstÄĄoroqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstqpÄĄ

O^Koqwpup r pMJ

oxrsqxÄĄpoqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovswroÄĄowspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžouvs p qMJ

poovruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovruÄĄppsutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqrq(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<osoxtqJ+tvrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpprrrv pq (

sqtwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<owrxtqJ+wstto

Â&#x201E;OT]ppxsrv s rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprqvÄĄoqtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqsqqÄĄ

QĂžTwpupxsx qo pMJ

otppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouoqrpÄĄouttrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpwtwqx qo qMJ

9^\T9S[\HovtospÄĄowrrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwpsÄĄ

U\Lpopxtvpv qs sMJ

oxoupqÄĄpoqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upopxsr pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opopxsr p sMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ospoowJ+tvrqsqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ospoowJ+tvrqsqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poqottJ+sqtwqvtSI[+L[H <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ospoowJ+tvrqsqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[ Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poqottJ+sqtwqvt SI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owsoovJ+wsuqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<poqottJ+sqtwqvtS

I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ospoowJ+tvrqsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

pqsxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oropotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HoxsstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppspssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?55


qqÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[QqqÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQ x\ĆľT9JpuxM[Ä&#x161;O[\L@­T[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oopsspJ+svstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppoxqo pr 

ousqqsJ+rtsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ppptrxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<oxovqxJ+xtutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqrtoqs ps pMJ

ppquqtÄĄoprtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroptpÄĄotppouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koqwttsv r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoqouÄĄouttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqstoÄĄ

ǜžoutoqo p rMJ

otoxorÄĄouswrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosstqqÄĄouqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqtx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<osowspJ+tvqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqpstr pr (

ptpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oopsspJ+svstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]pqosopt s sMJ

orstsoÄĄouqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovttÄĄovtpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTwpuptx qo pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotoxorÄĄouoqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrspwÄĄpqprqw

Ç?Çłwpwtqpr qo qMJ

ovovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquqtÄĄorottrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpopxtxqp qs sMJ

ouqstoÄĄovstrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortopxÄĄotppouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upopurq pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opopurq p sMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oopsrrJ+svssttSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ousqrxJ+rttpoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV 99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oopsrrJ+svssttSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ousqrxJ+rttpoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oopsrrJ+svssttSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< oopsrrJ+svssttSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxovqpJ+xttstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oopsrrJ+svssttSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ousqrxJ+rttpoSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqstqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?56


qr„@DpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSqs„@D>[ŃpqO[QLQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]ps„QvwuO[+T[bJUrp…OU[:pxrP[SH]j\W\PTqs…OU[:vow…QcHpq/=[.W[Qqr„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQ po\ƵT9Jpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotporrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<oqptppJ+tqsvrvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqoqpv ps 

\>Ê[\Oj[L<ousppqJ+rtprqt„Mj[I[+L[Hlj[H]\Oj[L<oxpxpuJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oqptppJ+tqsvrvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;

„@[T[9uttrrx ps sMJ

outsswġoxrsox„Mj[-X[ġpqprroġoqtqto„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Koqxsosv r pMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLosrxosġotrqpp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrxosġ

Ƕ¾ovrsrq p rMJ

poovqpġppsutu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsutuġopqurq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrqv(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotowrt\Oj[Loxrsox„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtrou ps (

poqvto„Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGOO„O\LSMS<opprtxJ+qoprro

„OT]pqprvqr s sMJ

OS]j[L\Oj[L<oxssqvJ+ppqxso„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTwpuxsx qo pMJ

ouqtpwġovtpqo„Mj[-X[ġposrqsġpqtqqv„Mj[(

Ǐdzwpwstsx qo qMJ

otrqpp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horoproġorssrp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpoqoppw qt pMJ

9[TS[\Hopowrtġoqqxps„Mj[(

S[ȉupoprqp pt qMJ „9H^opoprqp p sMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

O[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ouspqwJ+rtqpqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxpxqxJ+poqwqqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍ

OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S „QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH \Oj[L<ouspqwJ+rtqpqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<oxpxqxJ+

poqwqqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouspqwJ+rtqpqtSI[+L[H„T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< oqptqtJ+tqswpqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxpxqxJ+poqwqqtSI[+L[HP[H H^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< oqptqtJ+tqswpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxpxqxJ+poqwqqtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqptqtJ+tqswpqtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VM^S[@^L[9L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouspqwJ+rtqpqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[

„J[VM^S[@^L[9L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqptqtJ+ tqswpqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxpxqxJ+ poqwqqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louorpv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowoxoo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqttp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqspqt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqtrpq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotouqq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovqrrr„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxrvop„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpprrtr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppqpr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqspps„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprov„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď57


qsÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;prO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/=[.W[QqsÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQpp\ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpooqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<osprpoJ+tvsrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqtrrs pt 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpsqxJ+qtpttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

prxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLowsotoÄĄpoqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upvtstp pt sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorssowÄĄosqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtrorÄĄ

O^Kpoross r qMJ

orouqpÄĄossuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousvtoÄĄowqvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrtt(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<oxpwouJ+poqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqxpv pt (

osprpoJ+tvsrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<poqrtwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqqrsqx s sMJ

S[\HoxpvrsÄĄpqoxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprtpuÄĄoropppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTwpursx qo pMJ

orsupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprtpuÄĄoqpwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłwpwrxpu qo qMJ

9[TS[\HpoqvqqÄĄppsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžowpxso p rMJ

U\Lpoqorx qt pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;upopopo pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opopopo p sMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxpwqoJ+poqtroSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ppoopqJ+psspptSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ppoopqJ+psspptSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9

Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxpwqoJ+

poqtroSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxpwqoJ+poqtroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqsprJ+prpopqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osprorJ+tvsrqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppoopqJ+psspptSI[+L[HTX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxpwqoJ+poqtroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osprorJ+tvsrqqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxpwqoJ+

poqtroSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<osprorJ+tvsrqqtS I[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowotosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opowpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?58


qtÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;psO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHps/=[.W[QqtÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQpq \ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<osppsoJ+tvrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsrso pu 

<ppsxtuJ+pustrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ottwrsJ+qwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqxtvrr pu rMJ

ovsvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrtrÄĄpqprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsurpÄĄ

O^Kppqtqo r qMJ

oqpvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtrpvÄĄorsurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžoxtso p rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopousxÄĄoqooorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxpxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;upouuo pt qMJ

opqusvÄĄorourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsurwÄĄoxovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsqq(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ottwrsJ+qwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqosqv pu (

osppsoJ+tvrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<otovqwJ+qxtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqrrprt t pMJ

potxpoJ+psrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotovsqÄĄ

QĂžTwpttvx qo pMJ

osrxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouquprÄĄovoxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpxÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpwrqru qo qMJ

osrxstÄĄotrqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrstrÄĄpooorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpoqosts qt pMJ

pqtqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousvrpÄĄowqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^opouuo p sMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<potxqtJ+psrxpvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ppsxtoJ+pustqoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<potxqtJ+psrxpvtSI[+L[HO`V

\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ppsxtoJ+pustqoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppsxtoJ+pustqoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ppsxtoJ+pustqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L< ottwqwJ+qvttSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<potxqtJ+psrxpvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppsxtoJ+pustqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ottwqwJ+qvttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotttquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowopoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqstqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oposqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osotpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?59


quÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;psO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHps/=[.W[QquÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQpr\ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ottvqwJ+qtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrrpr pv 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovqtJ+qqropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovqrtqJ+tsqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpqtps pv rMJ

ppqoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqooprÄĄotrrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouquspÄĄ

O^Kpqqspw r qMJ

ppqoqpÄĄpqprrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrrvÄĄppquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoxtqrp p rMJ

poovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqwqvÄĄorswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsto(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<ovqrtqJ+tsqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrxro pv (

ottvqwJ+qtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ousrtrJ+rspqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqsqwso t pMJ

<ppqrrvJ+ptsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvpoÄĄ

QĂžTwptsxtq qo pMJ

poooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpuÄĄoprsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłwpwqtsv qo qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsutxÄĄopquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqvoxÄĄ

U\Lpoqourq qt pMJ S[Č&#x2030;uporsx pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oporsx p sMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovsoJ+qqrottSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovqrssJ+tsqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovsoJ+qqrottSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottvsqJ+qtuoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovsoJ+qqrottSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqrssJ+tsqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX= >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ottvsqJ+qtuoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovqrssJ+ tsqqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ottvsqJ+qtuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovsoJ+qqrottSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< ovqrssJ+tsqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opooqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?60


qvÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ptO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/=[.W[QqvÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQps \ĆľT9Jpux@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SĆ&#x;[LR[Ă&#x160;[-Ç&#x192;^O[>]X\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovqrovJ+tsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorqqst pw 

Q[J[L<osorpxJ+qvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGOO\Oj[L<ovqrov

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owqqtqJ+wposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqsqpv pw rMJ

ouqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoxtsÄĄoxpwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpsÄĄ

O^Kprqvqr r rMJ

otouttÄĄouoopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrrxÄĄppqoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoposopp p sMJ

poootvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorovotÄĄossvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtpw(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<owqqtqJ+wposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orptqo pw (

J+tsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovturuJ+rvspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pqtqtsr t pMJ

<pprpoxJ+puortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLorsvouÄĄ

QĂžTwptsptu qo pMJ

oqpvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrorÄĄotowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłwpwpwtq qo qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrrxÄĄpoqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpwppÄĄ

U\Lpoqowt qt pMJ

ossvovÄĄouqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvtqÄĄopowoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;upoorw pt qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^opoorw p sMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<osorrqJ+qvqprqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovqrooJ+tsopqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L <osorrqJ+qvqprqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osorrqJ+qvqprqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L <ovqrooJ+tsopqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osorrqJ+qvqprqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<owqrouJ+wppqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; \Oj[L<owqrouJ+wppqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovqrooJ+

tsopqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqrouJ+wppqqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqrooJ+tsopqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<osorrqJ+qvqprqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owqrouJ+wppqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovovtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?61


qwÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;puO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/=[.W[QqwÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQpt \ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<owqqroJ+wxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lospqss px 

<otrqrtJ+rpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owqqro

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<owtqqrJ+xqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wusws px rMJ

oqtrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqvruÄĄowrtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtpttÄĄ

O^Kpsrsqo r rMJ

ottxtvÄĄoutrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrrsÄĄpoqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoppqwrw p sMJ

owrtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquswÄĄpooutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtst(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<owtqqrJ+xqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ortqsr px (

J+wxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owspprJ+rwtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pquqqsu t pMJ

pppvtoJ+ptqwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprsuÄĄ

QĂžTwptrrqr qo pMJ

orooopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqssÄĄotowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłwpwppsx qo qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsustÄĄowsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtrooÄĄ

U\Lpoqoxro qt pMJ

pooutuÄĄppsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxovssÄĄpoqvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uxtvqw pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oxtvqw p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<otrqqwJ+rpssvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqqqrJ+wxrtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrqqw J+rpssvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otrqqwJ+rpssvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtqpuJ+xqtpo SI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L< owqqqrJ+wxrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owqqqrJ+wxrtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtqpuJ+xqtpoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owqqqrJ+wxrtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owtqpuJ+xqtpoS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpooupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovorttÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?62


qxÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pvO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;OU[:vowÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/=[.W[QqxÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQpu \ĆľT9Jpux-Ç&#x192;^O[>]T\QT

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovsqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owtqoqJ+xqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotorqs qo 

<ourprvJ+rrrrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owtoruJ+xqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpxqwpx qo qMJ

ÄĄouqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovposqÄĄovtrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqurr

O^Kptsstr r rMJ

otoupqÄĄottxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqxÄĄpqprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopqpvto p sMJ

ovposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvqpÄĄorovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;uxtspv pt pMJ

ouqworÄĄovswopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvstÄĄotovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqupr(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<owtoruJ+xqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrqqs qo (

owtqoqJ+xqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owttpvJ+rxrqsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqvpxsw t qMJ

\Oj[L<posostJ+prtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLorsvsp

QĂžTwptqspr qo pMJ

ÄĄoprsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxsuÄĄotovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłwpwsrx qo qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLottxrxÄĄoutrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqworÄĄ

U\Lpoqopoto qt pMJ

otoupqÄĄousuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvsxÄĄouqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^oxtspv p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ourptqJ+rrrspoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owtoqxJ+xqprqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtpts J+xqsptSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtoqxJ+

xqprqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ourptqJ+rrrspoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ourptqJ+rrrspoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owtptsJ+xqsptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ourptqJ+rrrspoSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtptsJ+xqsptSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

owtoqxJ+xqprqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owtptsJ+xqsptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ourptqJ+rrrspoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owtoqxJ+xqprqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpooqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoutxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqswrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?63


ro„@DpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSrp„@D>[ŃpwO[QLQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qp„QvwuO[+T[bJUv„@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTrp…OU[:vow…QcHpw/=[.W[Qro„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQpv \ƵT9Jpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovpwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<owtorwJ+xqptt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottssu qp 

<ovooqwJ+rssuro„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<owtorwJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<owpwpsJ+wpso„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;ÓƬ\Oj[L<oxrxps

„@[T[9xqqrqw qp qMJ

…OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqtrġoxrrqt„Mj[-X[ġpqprtvġ

O^Kputwsw r sMJ

pqtpsv„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosspqxġotrtoo„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ƕ¾oprvsu p sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpooutqġppsvpp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvppġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqusp(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<owpwpsJ+wpso„Mj[I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊ1ġS[V[i[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpstu qp (

xqptt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„Wń[<owrwopJ+rwtoqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

„OT]pqwputo t qMJ

J+ppqrqt„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń\Oj[L<owprrrJ+vsxtvt„Mj[I[+L[H

QþTwptpsqw qo pMJ

oqtsqw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqwroġovtrsp„Mj[-X[ġpossopġ

Ǐdzwpvtvqr qo qMJ

osspqxġotrtoo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoqtxrqġorsqow„Mj[(

U\Lpoqopqq qt pMJ

opqvrp„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopovstġoqqvru„Mj[(

S[ȉuxtpu pt pMJ „9H^oxtpu p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovoosrJ+rssvvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtorpJ+xqprvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<ovoosr J+rssvvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L<ovoosrJ+rssvvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovoosrJ+rssvvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtorpJ+xqprvtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpwqwJ+wqptS

I[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<owtorpJ+xqprvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovoosrJ+rssvvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owpwqwJ+wqptSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotrtsu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovspqx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxtwqp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqprts„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqtsp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Losrwtp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Loutuoq„Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxoxqx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppouqo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqsssq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqprsr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orstrt„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď64


rp„@DpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSrq„@D>[ŃpxO[QLQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qq„QvwuO[+T[bJUw„@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTp„@Dvow…QcHpx/=[.W[Qrp„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQ pw\ƵT9Jpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ \Oj[L<owpwrxJ+wqsqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousurq qq 

ovoooxJ+rssuqvt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owpwrx

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

…H\HT\Oj[L<ovpvsxJ+trpqo„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;/Ń\Oj[L<

„@[T[9xptrsqo qq qMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxswġpoqutu„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kpwpttq r sMJ

QbXŃbR[;S[\Horsptpġosqsqr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtssrġ

Ƕ¾oprtwqr q pMJ

orowovġosswrq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousuooġowquqt„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvow(

MčQ]\Oj[L<ovpvsxJ+trpqo„Mj[I[+L[HVƊ]LíÊØOG[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louoosp qr (

J+wqsqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<ovtprxJ+ruttpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]pqxprto t qMJ

owprrvJ+vtovt„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H\Oj[L<ouqstqJ+rpwtvt

QþTwptsx qo pMJ

oxpxotġpqoxpq„Mj[-X[ġoprspuġoqtxpx„Mj[(

Ǐdzwpvtop qo qMJ

orswpv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoprspuġoqpusv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpoqoprx qt pMJ

9[TS[\Hpoqwpqġppsvtu„Mj[(

S[ȉuxsvtu pt pMJ „9H^oxsvtu p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[Q[J[L<ovoooqJ+rssupoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ovpwoqJ+trptqtSI[+L[H9^Ŧ

S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owprqxJ+ vsxsvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpwoqJ+

trptqtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpo

pqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<ovoooqJ+rssupoSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv LíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L

Q[J[L<ovoooqJ+rssupoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS

„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpwrqJ+wqqtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpwoqJ+ trptqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owprqxJ+vsxsvtSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owpwrqJ+wqqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<

ovoooqJ+rssupoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovpwoqJ+trptqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotrptp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovrvrr„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxtsqt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqoxtw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqpst„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Losrstt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Loutqou„Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxotrr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppoqqu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqsosu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoxsu„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orspso„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď65


rqÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qoO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/=[.W[QrqÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQ px\ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotourrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovpwpsJ+trqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrwow qr 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L<ourqtrJ+rrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<ourwpvJ+rrtqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ottqpqJ+ptvtvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqxotr qr qMJ

\Oj[L<osptssJ+tvtusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLototpv

O^Kpxrttr r sMJ

ossqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqxqtÄĄovpptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxprÄĄ

ǜžopssxsp q pMJ

ossqpqÄĄotrtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrutoÄĄpoopsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uxssst pt pMJ

pqtpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustswÄĄowqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvru(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<ottqpqJ+ptvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousxsr qs (

UH\PV[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovpwpsJ+trqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L

Â&#x201E;OT]qopoto t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ouqtpxJ+rqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ

QĂžTwpstrpu qo pMJ

ÄĄovsuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqoÄĄpqpsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswrtÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpvsqrq qo qMJ

oqpurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtstxÄĄorswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lpoqopsx qt pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopovsuÄĄoqopqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxprÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^oxssst p rMJ

opqvtqÄĄorowqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsxorÄĄoxowsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovpwovJ+trqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ourrowJ+rrrxrvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqtppJ+rpxstS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpwovJ+trqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ourrowJ+rrrxrvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ottqotJ+ptvsoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpwovJ+trqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottqotJ+ptvsoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouqtppJ+rpxstS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovpwovJ+trqtS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ourrowJ+ rrrxrvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ottqotJ+ptvsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqouopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Louswpp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxoprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqottpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?66


p.V[ipxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qsÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/=[.W[Qp.X[S

M[=[LQ^W\TQqo\ĆľT9Jpux W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x201E;@DpxrQ[\S vwutqq \L+bIg9[M[ J+sxtqsqt <psS WQj 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ottqsoJ+ptxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqwtp qs 

Q[J[L<otsqrsJ+rprrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<osotqqJ+tvrpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popqsqpv qs qMJ

tptoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLovsttxÄĄppqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppotwrv s pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqoxpsÄĄoprsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqorvÄĄpqpspu

ǜžoptsprw q pMJ

opqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqupsÄĄpooutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwor(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<osotqqJ+tvrpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovspsq qt (

ottqsoJ+ptxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otoprqJ+qxtppvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpvsx t rMJ

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ospupoJ+tvtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<opswtvJ+

QĂžTwpsspto qo pMJ

-X[ÄĄoqoprtÄĄotrupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqxtpÄĄpooptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłwpvrstw qo qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpossqsÄĄppqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvquÄĄ

U\Lpoqoptq qt pMJ

oqqvovÄĄorsurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uxsprs pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oxsprs p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<otsqqwJ+rprrrvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottqtsJ+ptxsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otsqqw J+rprrrvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otsqqwJ+

rprrrvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; \Oj[L<ottqtsJ+ptxsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otsqqwJ+rprrrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

osotptJ+tvrppoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottqtsJ+ptxsqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<osotptJ+tvrppoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 

9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ottqtsJ+ptxsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otsqqwJ+rprrrvtS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osotptJ+tvrppoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqoqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoussptÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?67


q.V[ipxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qrO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qtÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/=[.W[Qq.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqp\ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osottpJ+tvrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxpwoq qt 

Q[J[L<osrrprJ+qwsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oqoppvJ+tqqpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqurutr qt qMJ

\JLorsxpqÄĄouropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpqsoÄĄoxpxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppqqrtu s pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotossvÄĄottwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpvÄĄppqosp

ǜžopurspq q pMJ

pooqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorowttÄĄossxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwro(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oqoppvJ+tqqpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowruov qu (

osottpJ+tvrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotqrJ+qtpro

Â&#x201E;OT]qqssw t rMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LS[\H<ppovsvJ+stvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTwpsqxts qo pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqoxpuÄĄoqpuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspowÄĄotottqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłwpvqvpw qo qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrpvÄĄpoqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpxsvÄĄ

U\Lpoqoptsx qt pMJ

ossxrvÄĄouropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppswotÄĄopovrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uxrwqr pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oxrwqr p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotrvJ+qtqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<osrrotJ+qwsostSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotrvJ+qtqtSI[+L[H

O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osrrotJ+qwsostSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osrrotJ+qwsostSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osrrotJ+qwsostSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/

L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oqoppoJ+tqqproSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotrvJ+qtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

osrrotJ+qwsostSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<oqoppoJ+tqqproSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LousopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?68


r.V[ipxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qsO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]quÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/=[.W[Qr.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqq \ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototrsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<ppssrwJ+susopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpootpv qu 

Â&#x201E;SOH]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqtsqxJ+pxrssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rvtwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsrpÄĄoqttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppposqqq qu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsottÄĄototrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottwpwÄĄ

O^Kpprtprv s qMJ

ovstswÄĄowrxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovttqrÄĄowrvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopvqvqq q qMJ

ppsvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoxqvÄĄpoqwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwtw(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxouJ+qtppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrqpu qv (

ppssrwJ+susopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpttoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qrpsu t rMJ

O[bS[S[\HourossÄĄowrvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtprwÄĄoqtwru

QĂžTwpspvqx qo pMJ

outqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpvÄĄpoqvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłwpvpxrs qo qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowquouÄĄpooutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooutrÄĄ

U\Lpoqopuro qt pMJ S[Č&#x2030;uxrtpr pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oxrtpr p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxooJ+qtpptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqtssqJ+pxrtqoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxooJ+

qtpptSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxooJ+qtpptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/S[\H<ppssrpJ+surxtqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqtssqJ+pxrtqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxooJ+qtpptS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<ppssrpJ+ surxtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqouopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?69


s.V[ipxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qtO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qvÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/=[.W[Qs.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqr \ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxpxsrJ+sorwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotorr qv 

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<porroxJ+prspuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLQ[J[L<otpusrJ+rorottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqsttts qv rMJ

ovttsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvotÄĄoprrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwqwÄĄ

O^Kpptqprp s qMJ

oxrrpwÄĄpqpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwoxÄĄoutptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopwqpv q qMJ

oroxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotosqpÄĄoustprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostopx

S[Č&#x2030;uxrqq pt pMJ

ÄĄototpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxqt(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprstuJ+qppuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqxso qw (

oxpxsrJ+sorwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owotpqJ+vrqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qrtwss t sMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLorsxsxÄĄourppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovprqvÄĄ

QĂžTwpssrt qo pMJ

ototpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosqpÄĄottwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpvppss qo qMJ

9^\T9S[\HourppoÄĄovprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwrvÄĄ

U\Lpoqopvr qt pMJ

ÄĄourppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourppoÄĄovtoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsuop

Â&#x201E;9H^oxrqq p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprstoJ+qppupqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<otpuruJ+rororvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<porrqrJ+

prsqrtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<otpuruJ+rororvt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprstoJ+qppupqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprstoJ+qppupqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxpxruJ+sorwvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<

porrqrJ+prsqrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprstoJ+qppupqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxpxruJ+sorwvtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovpvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?70


t.V[ipxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;quO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qwÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/=[.W[Qt.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqs \ĆľT9JpuxĂ&#x2DC;]bR[\;L]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<outpprJ+rsqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprspq qw 

9SGOO\Oj[L<owouotJ+vrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<outppr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpsooJ+qqtsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oxpsps p rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourpruÄĄovtuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposstwÄĄpqtprx

O^Kpputrqx s rMJ

ÄĄotrvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwqoÄĄorsorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžopxptqu q qMJ

9[TS[\HopovqxÄĄoqqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxtp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<ppttsuJ+pvwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqwoq qx (

J+rsqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otruspJ+pqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qsttsp t sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutptoÄĄoxrrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsswÄĄoqtupv

QĂžTwprtppu qo pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossrtvÄĄotrvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossrtv

Ç?Çłwpvrtp qo qMJ

pooutwÄĄppsvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvtrÄĄopqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpoqopvrp qt pMJ S[Č&#x2030;uxqwtp pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oxqwtp p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ppttrxJ+pvwsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<poptpqJ+pqtvtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppttrxJ+pvwsoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<poptpqJ+pqtvtvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppttrxJ+pvwsoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poptpqJ+pqtvtvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<outpqwJ+rsqwpqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poptpqJ+pqtvtvtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outpqwJ+rsqwpqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owouqoJ+vrtqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppttrxJ+pvwsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;

Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<outpqwJ+rsqwpqtSI[+L[H\JL JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotowptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxroswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LppsuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Louqwrp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?71


u.V[ipxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qvO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qxÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/=[.W[Qu.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqt\ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotossvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osqspoJ+qwqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqputr qx 

PSG]\Oj[L<popttsJ+pqtxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<owsoov

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osqspoJ+qwqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqrrrtp q sMJ

ptpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<owppqoJ+vswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

O^Kppwqvqq s rMJ

pqoxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrtqÄĄoqtwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžoqopopv q rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprrtqÄĄoqpuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpoopÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;uxqtsp pt pMJ

poqxpxÄĄppswqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louropw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotosop\Oj[LoxrrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqvqr ro (

J+xortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrvtxJ+pqstt

Â&#x201E;OT]qttqrv t sMJ

orppswJ+ttpxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<ppppqoJ+

QĂžTwprrvrq qo pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxqxÄĄpoqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqosuÄĄ

Ç?Çłwputttr qo qMJ

orsoqtÄĄosqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqturrÄĄortoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpoqopvtp qt pMJ

ostpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustopÄĄowquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^oxqtsp p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<popuowJ+propvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osqsorJ+qwqotSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<owsoooJ+xopvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osqsorJ+qwqotSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<popuowJ+propvtS

I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsoooJ+xopvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt pvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<popuowJ+propvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<popuowJ+propvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqsorJ+qwqotSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owsooo J+xopvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqsorJ+qwqotSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrvtqJ+pqsrvt SI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqsorJ+

qwqotSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owsoooJ+xopvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovpooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/otooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?72


v.V[ipxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qwO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]roÂ&#x201E;QvwuO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/=[.W[Qv.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqu\ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoqrrJ+qqqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqtxqx ro 

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<ovprtvJ+tqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO\G@

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sxrwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<owpqpuJ+vtotvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pvtppr r sMJ

otortrÄĄovstruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqsÄĄpqptovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpqorp s sMJ

pqoxrsÄĄoqpuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtutoÄĄortossÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžoqptrx q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxopÄĄoqoqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxrsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;uxqqro pt pMJ

opqxpsÄĄorpopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtpqwÄĄoxpoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louross(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<owsosqJ+xqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvtv rp (

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoqrrJ+qqqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oottptJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qusxrr u pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<otqoppJ+ospqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwprqrqt qo pMJ

ortossÄĄosssrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourqqvÄĄovpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpusvtq qo qMJ

-X[ÄĄosssrwÄĄotrwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrwtqÄĄpoorox

U\Lpoqopwu qt pMJ

pqtpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousstvÄĄowquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^oxqqro p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owsotwJ+xqsqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovpsppJ+tquqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpqoxJ+vtosoS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsotwJ+xqsqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ovpsppJ+tquqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<ovpsppJ+tquqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owsotwJ+ xqsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoqswJ+qqqvpvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owpqoxJ+vtosoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;

\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owsotwJ+xqsqtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoqswJ+qqqvpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovpsppJ+tquqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosorqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrsou

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqoxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orpoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?73


w.V[ipxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSx.V[i>[ŃqxO[QLQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]rp„QvwuO[+T[bJUpv„@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpo„@Dvow…QcHqx/=[.W[Qw.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqv\ƵT9Jpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<pptpqrJ+putxqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opsroo

\Oj[L<ouoqppJ+qqupvt„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HL[;„R[;U_T\Oj[L<otqoswJ+osqrt„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě

„@[T[9pqqqtr s sMJ

ppqpqo„Mj[-X[ġoqorpoġotrwtt„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourqtpġ

O^Kpqpsoqp s sMJ

ppqpqoġpqptpv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpostqvġppqvrr„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqqprp q rMJ

poovpo„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqquqxġorstqt„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourppo(

I[+L[HI[\>LíÊ„S[\XG]\Oj[L<ovpstsJ+tqvto„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

rp O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqrooo p (

pptpqrJ+putxqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[JS[\H<potottJ+ssqvtqt

„OT]qvsuqx u pMJ

\Oj[L<oqrxtqJ+tsoro„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLovstrtġ

QþTwprwtw px sMJ

poorqp„Mj[-X[ġpqoxrxġoprrtp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzwpurxsv qo pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppswpxġopqxqv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowquoqġ

U\Lpoqopwpr qt pMJ S[ȉuxpxpx pt pMJ „9H^oxpxpx p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<ovpsswJ+tqvrtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<potosvJ+ssqvrqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍ OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

ouoqotJ+qquqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶL O[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń O`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqosoJ+osqptSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9

S[\USH[ S[\H<potosvJ+ssqvrqtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[  \Oj[L<oxtspvJ+pqurqtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[

S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ovpsswJ+tqvrtSI[+L[Hqsuvx ppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ouoqotJ+qquqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt

quLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ovpsswJ+tqvrtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< ouoqotJ+qquqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<oxtspvJ+pqurqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/W[:T:/ :[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pptprxJ+putxsqtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\L

I[bL/\Oj[L<oxtspvJ+pqurqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ LíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otqosoJ+

osqptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovpsswJ+tqvrtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pptprxJ+putxsqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouoqotJ+qquqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtspvJ+pqurqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Q[\S193

M[\ď74


TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owropo Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqotqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orouptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

x.V[ipxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;roO[QLQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p@^LvwuO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHro/=[.W[Qx.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqw\ĆľT9Jpux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxttopJ+pqwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqwqx

<ouoqtoJ+qqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[\Oj[L<otowqwJ+opqpqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\9ǢÜS[\H<oxorrqJ+rxtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owpvqvJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qutsp t sMJ

I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLortpqpÄĄourrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovptpx

O^Kpqrpxpq s sMJ

otosppÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorsoÄĄottvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžoqqtvtq q rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqproÄĄpoorrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpotqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;uxpuw pt pMJ

ppswsrÄĄopovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpru(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<owpvqvJ+wssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorrrrq q (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGL[;\Oj[L<oxttopJ+pqwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qwsrqt u pMJ

wssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<oopsqoJ+svtutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwpqtspr px sMJ

ÄĄoxqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxstÄĄoqpttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoorÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpurpso qo pMJ

oxrrrqÄĄppqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrrqÄĄpoqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpoqopwps qt pMJ

ostqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostqosÄĄourrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^oxpuw p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txqost

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?75


@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L XSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ouoqspJ+qqvrqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<otowsqJ+opqsvtSI[+L[H\QI^L

S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[ @^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouoqspJ+

qqvrqtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ouoqspJ+qqvrqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LíÊH\Oj[L<otowsqJ+opqsvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< ouoqspJ+qqvrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<oxttpuJ+pqwuoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owpvqoJ+wsqqtSI[+L[HP[H

H^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<otowsqJ+opqsvtSI[+L[H \ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owpvqoJ+wsqqtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxttpu J+pqwuoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpvqoJ+wsqqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[

\W\ĭbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ouoqspJ+qqvrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxttpuJ+pqwuoSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

\Oj[L<otowsqJ+opqsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owpvqoJ+wsqqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loutwpr„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxptou„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpprorx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH „OL^9[opsqqu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orttrt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Loupqsv„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owqupt

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpoqrou„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqopqv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oproqw„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oroqqo„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswrt„Mj[(

po.V[ipxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSpp.V[i>[ŃpØ]KSQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]q@^LvwuO[+T[bJUpx„@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpq„@Dvow…QcHp/b=L.W[Qpo.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqx \ƵT9JpuxǏ\Ĺ>[Q[@­L[Ø]@;Ň[I\;S9SLObRgOLJU­LO[bS[„LbÊ[¢WOM^S]

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ \Oj[L<owpvssJ+wtqqt„Mj[I[+L[H \ƻH]j[\Oj[L<ovorrsJ+tot„Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LíÊ.Í­[\Oj[L<

otoxovJ+oprto„Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L<osrvsvJ+twttrvt

„Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGOO\Oj[L<owpvssJ+wtqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO Q[J[L<ovrvqtJ+ruqsrt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<ovorrsJ+

tot„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;ǝOS[\H<poouqwJ+sqrvpqt„Mj[ I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqptrwġoqtvrw„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ourrsoġowrxss„Mj[-X[ġpqtptrġoqtvtv„Mj[-X[ġ

orrxtwġotosop„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottvruġoutpru„Mj[ -X[ġoxrrrvġpoqvrv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstruġ

owrxru„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtvsqġowrxss„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

owquouġpoovqq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovqqġppswrv„Mj[( 9[TS[\Hoxppptġporoor„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď76


„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosopO[bS[ O^SH/Q[J[Lourqoq(

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orputq

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losrwoq r ( ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ  „OT]qxsoqo u pMJ

„@[T[9qpxtutt u sMJ QþTwpqrxpp px sMJ O^Kpqstxqx t pMJ

Ǐdzwpuqrqx qo pMJ Ƕ¾oqrtssp q sMJ

U\Lpoqopwx qt pMJ S[ȉuxpqtw pt pMJ „9H^oxpqtw p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<otowtxJ+oprroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<osrvsoJ+twttqoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­

„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<osrvsoJ+twttqoSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LíÊH\Oj[L<otowtxJ+oprroSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<osrvsoJ+ twttqoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L< owpvtwJ+wttvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<osrvsoJ+

twttqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[ „L/\Oj[L<ovorqwJ+stxtoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ

„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<otowtxJ+oprroSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owpvtwJ+wttvtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< osrvsoJ+twttqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpvtwJ+wttvtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovorqwJ+stxtoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otowtxJ+oprroSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owpvtwJ+wttvtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osrvsoJ+twttqoSI[+L[H

\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovorqwJ+stxtoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loutspw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxpppo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppqusq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprwro„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[ortprx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Louowtp„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owqqpx „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpopxpo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpptvrq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqurq„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtwqt„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osssso„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď77


pp.V[ipxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]r@^LvwuO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHq/b=L.W[Qpp.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQro \ĆľT9Jpux.\@@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^S9[= SI  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovortrJ+totqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osowss

osrwotJ+twtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L<osrroqJ+twsrto

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<oururqJ+rrtqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oupuqqJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rrrsqu w pMJ

I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLortptvÄĄoursorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kpquspt t qMJ

oqtvttÄĄotortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorrqÄĄottvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžoqstptw q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoursorÄĄovpuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoproouÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;uxxsv pt pMJ

ÄĄoursorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoursorÄĄovtqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqqv(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<oupuqqJ+rqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotsqqo s (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovortrJ+totqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qporvpt u qMJ

rqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxqxJ+rwxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwpqqrtt px sMJ

ovpuoqÄĄovtwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvtwÄĄoprrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpuptpv qo pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrsqÄĄpqptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvrsÄĄoutpru

U\Lpoqopvtu qt pMJ

orppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotorrqÄĄousstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostqss

Â&#x201E;9H^oxxsv p rMJ

orstoxÄĄotortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<osrrpvJ+twssqvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osrrpvJ+

twssqvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovorsuJ+tortSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovorsuJ+ tortSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupuruJ+rqstSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovorsuJ+tort SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osrrpvJ+twssqvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oupuruJ+rqstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouosttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwqr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?78


pq.V[ipxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s@^LvwuO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qpq.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oupuspJ+rqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otosos

osrrqpJ+twssrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ostvroJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouosotJ+rqrpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rputusx x pMJ

rsrxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLoutprvÄĄoxrrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpqwqrts t qMJ

-X[ÄĄposupoÄĄpqtqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossupwÄĄotsoqq

ǜžoqtsxso q sMJ

orrxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovruÄĄppswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqtp(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ottxorJ+qpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lousssr t (

txstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG;S\Oj[L<oupuspJ+rqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpprsx u qMJ

ottxorJ+qpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L<outtprJ+

QĂžTwpqwqv px sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpuooÄĄoqtwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoursquÄĄovtwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłwpuvq qo pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossupwÄĄotsoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtvtsÄĄ

U\Lpoqopvrw qt pMJ

ppswtwÄĄoproqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovsuÄĄoqququÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uxuru pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oxuru p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ostvqqJ+txsssqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S 9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ostvqqJ+txsssqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV

99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ostvqqJ+txsssqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ostvqq

J+txsssqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottwtt J+qpwrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupurrJ+rqrvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottwttJ+

qpwrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

oupurrJ+rqrvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottwtt J+qpwrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxorpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouootxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpsqv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?79


pr.V[ipxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t@^LvwuO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qpr.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ottwspJ+qpvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoqor u 

ostvqxJ+txstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L<ottqpqJ+qpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<ouoprqJ+rqqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oupqqpJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sorqu po pMJ

I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxtoÄĄpoqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqovto t rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorrxsxÄĄosqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtwqvÄĄ

ǜžoqusvsw r pMJ

orpptwÄĄostrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousstrÄĄowqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrpu(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<oupqqpJ+qtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsrqv u (

I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ottwspJ+qpvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]qpqrps u qMJ

qtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<otttquJ+rqxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwpptqto px sMJ

oxqqroÄĄpqpopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprsorÄĄoqtvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwpttwsu qo pMJ

ortqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprsorÄĄoqpttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpoqopvpq qt pMJ

9[TS[\HpororvÄĄppsxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uxrqt pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oxrqt p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ottqotJ+qproSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ottqotJ+qproSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottwtsJ+qpwrqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottqotJ+qproSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oupqprJ+ qtptoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottwtsJ+qpwrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupqprJ+

qtptoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ottwtsJ+qpwrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< ottqotJ+qproSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oupqprJ+qtptoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owporp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppstsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?80


ps.V[ipxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;tĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u@^LvwuO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHt/b=L.W[Qps.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oupqooJ+qtppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoqor u 

ottptoJ+qotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ovpuswJ+trrpt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ouroqoJ+rrrvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spqtsro po sMJ

rospsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotorqxÄĄovstsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqptqsw t rMJ

O[bS[S[\HourtpoÄĄovpvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpopxÄĄoqpuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqvsuqo r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsotpÄĄpoosrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppoqxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;uxopt pt pMJ

ousstuÄĄowquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprosvÄĄorpqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrso(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<outupvJ+ssptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovsrqv u (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oupqooJ+qtppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qprqvtw u rMJ

outupvJ+ssptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<otqooxJ+

QĂžTwpprvu px sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrsoqÄĄpqpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqsxÄĄossutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłwpttoqx qo pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtwsrÄĄortqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossutuÄĄotspor

U\Lpoqopuso qt pMJ

oqosruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpopxÄĄpqtqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^oxopt p rMJ

9[TS[\HovtrsrÄĄoxpqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ottpsqJ+qorqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ovpvopJ+trrsvtSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq

rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottpsqJ+qorqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqp qqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpvopJ+trrsvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottpsqJ+qorqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outuroJ+ssqroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpvopJ+trrsvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupptqJ+qtotvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outuroJ+ssqroSI[+L[HH[T :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ottpsqJ+qorqtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oupptqJ+qtotvtS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<outuroJ+ ssqroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovpvopJ+trrsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owourt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoorqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppspsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opposwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqsqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?81


pt.V[ipxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v@^LvwuO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHu/b=L.W[Qpt.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQs\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<outtrtJ+ssopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovoppt v 

\Oj[L<ovpuouJ+trproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oxoxowJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovqwspJ+ruqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqtrpr pp sMJ

J+ropptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLovsttsÄĄppqqqu

O^Kqrrwss t sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoqvÄĄoprspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqquÄĄ

ǜžoqwstpu r pMJ

ppsxroÄĄoprpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowquroÄĄpoowooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursor(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<owowrxJ+vsqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrvqq v (

popruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outtrtJ+ssopqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpsqstq u rMJ

owowrxJ+vsqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<otowpv

QĂžTwppqppv px sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqostoÄĄotspqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtrpÄĄpoostp

Ç?Çłwptsqpp qo pMJ

pqpursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposusrÄĄppqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpoqopuq qt pMJ

9[TS[\HoqqurqÄĄorstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uwtvs pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^owtvs p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ovpupxJ+trqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otowpoJ+roppsoSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<oxoxooJ+poprsoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otowpoJ+roppsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpupxJ+ trqqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxoxooJ+poprsoSI[+L[Hprtuw popqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outtsxJ+ssosvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpupxJ+trqqt SI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxoxooJ+poprsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<outtsxJ+ssosvtSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpupxJ+trqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owowrpJ+vsqqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ \LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outtsxJ+ssosvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owowrpJ+vsqqvtSI[+L[H L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<outtsxJ+ssosvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovpupxJ+trqqt

SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owowrpJ+vsqqvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxoxooJ+poprsoS

I[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ Q[\S193

M[\Ä?82


Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loursrw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowtpqx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppovoq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH „OL^9[oppwtq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orrqoo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotsxpr„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owoqrx „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxtxrp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpprvtr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoutr„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrwst„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtoo„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď83


pu.V[ipxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;vĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w@^LvwuO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHv/b=L.W[Qpu.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<owovrvJ+vsopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowooou w 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owovrvJ+vsopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rorrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLortrqrÄĄourttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tvtstp pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄorrxsxÄĄotorroÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorrqÄĄottvsp

O^Kqtqtrp t sMJ

poqwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqrprÄĄpootosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžoqxssrt r pMJ

9[TS[\HppsxsoÄĄopowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursqu(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oxowquJ+popqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxqupp w (

owtrqoJ+rxrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LQ[J[L<otputvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qptqpsu u rMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpvsqÄĄoxqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqporuÄĄoqpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwpptqv px sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrspwÄĄppqqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrspwÄĄ

Ç?Çłwptrrtq qo pMJ

orpqsuÄĄostspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostspxÄĄourttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpoqoptpv qt pMJ S[Č&#x2030;uwtrtr pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^owtrtr p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxowqoJ+popqSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxowqo

J+popqSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L

<owovtpJ+vsosvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxowqo J+popqSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxssqoJ+

ppsptqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owovtpJ+vsosvtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxowqoJ+popqSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owovtpJ+vsosvtS

I[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxssqoJ+ppsptqt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owovtpJ+vsosvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxowqoJ+

popqSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxssqoJ+ppsptqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpporovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwsq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?84


pv.V[ipxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSpw.V[i>[ŃwØ]KSQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]x@^LvwuO[+T[bJUqu„@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpx„@Dvow…QcHw/b=L.W[Qpv.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQu \ƵTXĉpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<oxsrqtJ+pprxrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowtvqs x 

OO\Oj[L<oxsrqtJ+pprxrt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<porwroJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

rprvqvt„Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLpqputwġoqtxqx„Mj[

„@[T[9tqowqq pr sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġorrxtoġotorqx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottvsuġ

O^Kqvprv u pMJ

ovsuovġowsopv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtxsxġowsprw„Mj[(

Ƕ¾posspu r qMJ

ppsxtr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxprooġporpqt„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourssw(

LOQ]LíÊXƚ[\Oj[L<ppqqsuJ+ptsvtvt„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpopoqo x (

srtvpvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;M\S<Q[J[L<otsqrsJ+

„OT]qpupwso u rMJ

O[bS[S[\Houruppġowsprw„Mj[-X[ġpqtqrrġoqtwop

QþTwposxrv px sMJ

outptu„Mj[-X[ġoxrsqvġpoqwrw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzwptqtrs qo pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowqussġpoowpx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoowpxġ

U\Lpoqopsqu qt pMJ S[ȉuwtosq pt pMJ „9H^owtosq p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<ppqropJ+ptswrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<

ppqropJ+ptswrtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[

1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxsrpxJ+pprxqoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppqropJ+

ptswrtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS „íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

oxsrpxJ+pprxqoSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxsrpxJ+pprxqoSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ppqropJ+ptswrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Louqusv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowsrrx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpotxpo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH „OL^9[opppoo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orqsow„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotspqo„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtssv „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxtprx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpproop„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqtxoo„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrotr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvox„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď85


pw.V[ipxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;xĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]po@^LvwuO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHx/b=L.W[Qpw.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQv \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<pprtqwJ+pupxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxtqrs po 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pprtqwJ+pupxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rrvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLortrtuÄĄoururoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqpsrs ps rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtwotÄĄotorqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorsoÄĄottvtp

O^Kqxpqt u pMJ

outqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoururoÄĄovpwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžppsspx r qMJ

-X[ÄĄoststsÄĄoururoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoururoÄĄovtstq

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtpo(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optqtxJ+qqrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotosp po (

oortrtJ+swsxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOQ[J[L<oupwsoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpvptrs u sMJ

S[\HovpwpwÄĄowooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxotÄĄoprsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwporrtp px sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsrvÄĄpqpvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvtpÄĄ

Ç?Çłwptpvpu qo pMJ

oprpspÄĄorprpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotorsoÄĄoustpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lpoqoprqw qt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstouÄĄotorqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uwsvrq pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^owsvrq p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optqtqJ+qqrSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optqtqJ+qqrSI[+L[H

prtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprtqpJ+pupxpqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pprtqpJ+pupxpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optqtqJ+qqrSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpottpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtotp Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqttosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?86


px.V[ipxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;poĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^LvwuO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/b=L.W[Qpx.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQw\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux\NS[SI Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprtqtJ+qppxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpostru pp 

\OU[:[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprtqtJ+qppxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rssvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqpoÄĄoxrssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upspust pt rMJ

-X[ÄĄposvqxÄĄpqtqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosswqsÄĄotsqru

O^Kqpotoqr u qMJ

orrxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoowrxÄĄpptopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtrp(

I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Q[J[L<osqxspJ+qwrssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqwpv pp (

<oqrtrsJ+trsxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Q[J[L<outwsqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpwpqqw u sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpvqrÄĄorooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouruswÄĄowooqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwpopwpo px sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosswqsÄĄotsqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwoxÄĄ

Ç?Çłwptwtw qo pMJ

pptopvÄĄoprpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopowqxÄĄoqqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqsssq r qMJ

U\Lpoqopqqr qt pMJ S[Č&#x2030;uwssqp pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^owssqp p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<osqxttJ+qwrtqqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqxttJ+qwrtqqtS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprtpxJ+qppwtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osqxttJ+qwrtqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L< osqxttJ+qwrtqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprtpxJ+qppwtqtS I[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprtpxJ+qppwtqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqxttJ+qwrtqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oporowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsutt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?87


qo.V[ipxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^LvwuO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/b=L.W[Qqo.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;puxUjL59[JU]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SUjL>H^­Q[W½Ă&#x201C;H-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrpuJ+quprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppruts pq 

-L^S[K[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrpuJ+quprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rupxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLowsossÄĄpoqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqupwqv pu qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsoopÄĄosqpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroopsÄĄ

O^Kqpqrxtu u qMJ

orprsvÄĄosttqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustrpÄĄowqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourttp(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Q[J[L<ovorrpJ+rstxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqospo pq (

<osqxosJ+twrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Q[J[L<ovrtrqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpxxqq u sMJ

S[\HoxqsoxÄĄpqpppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprssrÄĄoqtwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTwpoqrw px sMJ

ortsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprssrÄĄoqpuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłwptosp qo pMJ

9[TS[\HporqopÄĄpptopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžprstqt r rMJ

U\Lpoqopppr qt pMJ S[Č&#x2030;uwsppo pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^owsppo p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrroxJ+quprpqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovorqrJ+rstwsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrroxJ+quprpqtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovorqrJ+rstwsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrroxJ+quprpqtSI[+L[HTX=

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovorqrJ+rstwsvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrroxJ+ quprpqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovorqrJ+rstwsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LS MS<orrroxJ+quprpqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrroxJ+quprpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovorqrJ+rstwsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqtx Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osotqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?88


qp.V[ipxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^LvwuO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/b=L.W[Qqp.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpo\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;9[SO[\LS0J0Ç&#x161;T.RX[O9S[0J Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<otpxruJ+rorwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqqvos pr 

-L^S[K[S[\H<oxqtovJ+sotqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ououqrJ+qrtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vwqrpr pv qMJ

otosooÄĄovsusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtovÄĄpqpvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqpsrop u rMJ

pqppqpÄĄoqpuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorooqxÄĄortssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžpssuqw r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqoqÄĄoqouptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqppqpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;uwrvtx pt pMJ

oprqqqÄĄorpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovttrxÄĄoxprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourupp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotosoo\Oj[LoxrtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqrxqq pr (

osqvstJ+twqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otpxruJ+rorwuo

Â&#x201E;OT]qqoupv v pMJ

ÇśPÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqspJ+rvqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwxsvpv px rMJ

ortssqÄĄosswtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvqrÄĄovpxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpstqqu qo pMJ

-X[ÄĄosswtuÄĄotsroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsqrvÄĄpoouovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpoqoxtt qt pMJ

pqtrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustsoÄĄowqvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^owrvtx p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<oxqtooJ+sotqroSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxqtooJ+sotqro SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxqtooJ+

sotqroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otpxqwJ+rorwsoSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otpxqwJ+rorwsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<otpxqwJ+rorwso

SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxqtoo J+sotqroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orowqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrxor

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqptoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?89


qq.V[ipxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;prĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^LvwuO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x201E;@DpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/b=L.W[Qqq.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ousuqxJ+rspttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppust ps 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouotqwJ+qrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ousuqx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ǜžÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpsqoJ+rvttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqorsqu pw qMJ

S[\HourvrxÄĄpooupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpprpÄĄoprstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqpuqorr u rMJ

ppqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptotsÄĄoprqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loururo(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[S[\H<ppqurtJ+sttutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oppsto ps (

J+rspttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovqospJ+tsotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqprpp v pMJ

\JLovsutpÄĄppqrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqouqxÄĄotsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTwxrqpo px rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrsvÄĄpqpwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposworÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpssspr qo pMJ

owqvrpÄĄpooxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqvpoÄĄorstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžptsvsx r rMJ

U\Lpoqowrq qt pMJ S[Č&#x2030;uwrssx pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^owrssx p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<ppquqwJ+stttsvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<ppquqwJ+stttsvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9 S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppquqwJ+

stttsvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ousuqqJ+

rsptrqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppquqwJ+stttsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ousuqqJ+rsptrqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouotqoJ+qrqtvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ousuqqJ+rsptrqtSI[+L[H

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H <ppquqwJ+stttsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouovovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orosqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrtov Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqppprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?90


qr.V[ipxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;psĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt@^LvwuO[+T[bJUp.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHps/b=L.W[Qqr.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovsvroJ+ruswÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqourq pt 

9SG;S\Oj[L<ovqooxJ+trxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotoxJ+rvrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqttpo px pMJ

oxqsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppspÄĄoqputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsopxÄĄ

O^Kqpwppqx u sMJ

oxrtroÄĄppqrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrtroÄĄpoqxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpusxqx r sMJ

ostupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostupqÄĄourvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourusw(

M_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<opopsuJ+sxtrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optpqv pt (

ovsvroJ+ruswÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owovpwJ+vrvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqou v pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorttppÄĄourvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxrvÄĄ

QĂžTwxpvpx px rMJ

otorsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotospwÄĄottwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpsrup qo pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqsswÄĄpoourpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpsroÄĄ

U\Lpoqovq qt pMJ

pptotoÄĄopoxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uwrprw pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^owrprw p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<opoqoqJ+sxtrtqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

opoqoqJ+sxtrtqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovsvqrJ+rusvsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opoqoqJ+sxtrtqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovsvqrJ+ rusvsqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovqoopJ+trxpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovsvqrJ+rusvsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouorppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LportruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrppp Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?91


qs.V[ipxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSqt.V[i>[ŃptØ]KSQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pu@^LvwuO[+T[bJUq.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTqu„@Dvow…QcHpt/b=L.W[Qqs.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQ pr\ƵTXĉpuxǏdzM_\G­Q[

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ „Wń[<owpwtxJ+rwupt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oqtutr pu 

1ġS[V[i[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<owoustJ+vrtso„Mj[I[+L[HOO„Wń[<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;/ŃQ[J[L<ovrqttJ+ruppt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9wptqws qo pMJ

owsrpv„Mj[-X[ġpqtrrtġoqtwsr„Mj[-X[ġorsoquġ

O^Kqqoqsu v pMJ

oxrtsqġpoqxtv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvprġowspqv„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pvtpqv r sMJ

pooxru„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooxruġpptppx„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvou(

Ñ\HMJLíÊM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<oqowpqJ+tqrwsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqroos pu (

owpwtxJ+rwupt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owqrpwJ+wpurqt

„OT]qqqtvo v pMJ

…OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpwquġoroppo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourwowġ

QþTwxqsv px rMJ

otortq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottwssġoutqtw„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzwpsqvtq qo pMJ

9^\T9S[\Howoprsġowsrpv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvtsġ

U\Lpoqotqt qt pMJ

oxpsrsġporqsv„Mj[(

S[ȉuwqwqv pt pMJ „9H^owqwqv p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<oqowotJ+tqrwroSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owqrpqJ+wpupvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U …OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ „Wń[<owpwtr J+rwuSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqrpqJ+

wpupvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oqowotJ+tqrwroSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„Wń[<owpwtrJ+rwuSI[+L[H

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oqowotJ+tqrwroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oqowotJ+tqrwroSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\L I[bL/„Wń[<owpwtrJ+rwuSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owourxJ+vrtqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owpwtrJ+rwuSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqowotJ+tqrwroSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lottxpt„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowpuov„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lporpso„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqsrqv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqturv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotprsw„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqvpt „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxqsov„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppoqqx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqrpro„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqorqp„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsxru„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď92


qt.V[ipxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pv@^LvwuO[+T[bJUr.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/b=L.W[Qqt.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQps\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxrrJ+rwvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorswop pv 

O[TO\Oj[L<owqroxJ+wpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxrrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HQ[J[L<oururuJ+rrsxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqwpts qp pMJ

-X[ÄĄppropxÄĄoprtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwtqÄĄotosooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqqptsqo v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwttÄĄoutrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourwqqÄĄ

ǜžpwtrsp r sMJ

otosspÄĄousuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosturxÄĄourwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvqr(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<oqsrspJ+tsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orppqu pv (

rwvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owowopJ+vrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]qqrtrtu v qMJ

\JLorttrvÄĄourwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoosÄĄowopsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwwswru px rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosspÄĄottwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrttsÄĄpqpwrx

Ç?Çłwpspxsu qo pMJ

ovqoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprrpsÄĄorpstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpoqorsr qt pMJ

ourwqqÄĄovtursÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstswÄĄotosooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uwqtpu pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^owqtpu p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owqropJ+wpttoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oqsrttJ+tsvrtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqropJ+

wpttoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqsrttJ+tsvrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqsrttJ+tsvrtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxqtJ+rwutoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<oqsrttJ+tsvrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxqtJ+rwutoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owqropJ+wpttoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxqtJ+rwutoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqsrttJ+tsvrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotoxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqrqo Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orstspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?93


qu.V[ipxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^LvwuO[+T[bJUs.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/b=L.W[Qqu.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosoxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovsxrqJ+rutprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrxtr pw 

K\LĆ&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owowpsJ+vrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚQ[J[L<otptqvJ+roquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpppvqv qq pMJ

oroprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwrsÄĄowoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposwswÄĄ

O^Kqqrsuw v qMJ

ostootÄĄotssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtxoqÄĄorsossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpxtupr r sMJ

oprrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopoxrrÄĄoqqvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvrx(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<oqsxrwJ+tsqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ortuot pw (

ovsxrqJ+rutprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovqrrvJ+tsupt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqstotp v qMJ

Ă&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoutrqrÄĄoxruovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwtpÄĄ

QĂžTwwrssw px rMJ

pqtrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLostootÄĄotssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłwpsppsr qo pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopoopÄĄpptpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptpssÄĄ

U\Lpoqopts qt pMJ S[Č&#x2030;uwqqt pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^owqqt p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oqsxtqJ+tsqptqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owowovJ+vrwtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqsxtq J+tsqptqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovsxqsJ+rutppvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqsxtqJ+tsqptqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovsxqsJ+rutppvtS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovsxqsJ+rutppvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L <owowovJ+vrwtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovsxqsJ+rutppvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqsxtqJ+tsqptqtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpxqs Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opttqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?94


qv.V[ipxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSqw.V[i>[ŃpwØ]KSQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]px@^LvwuO[+T[bJUt.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTqx„@Dvow…QcHpw/b=L.W[Qqv.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpu\ƵTXĉpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<outpotJ+rsqstt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotrqot px 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovqrtoJ+tsusvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO„R[;Ñ]\H„O\LSMS<orrppvJ+qutqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9xqsrtrw qr pMJ

pqpqqr„Mj[-X[ġoprtswġoqtxpq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

O^Kqqtrww v qMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoprtswġoqpvro„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorptqpġ

Ƕ¾ppotxp s pMJ

porrqpġpptprq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvts(

>H^I­]LíÊK\LƊ[\Oj[L<oqqwpuJ+trqvpt„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ossspw px (

outpotJ+rsqstt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oupptoJ+qsupo„Mj[

„OT]qqtsvsv v qMJ

.j^Ɛ[L-Q`HbR[;\JLowsqotġporort„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxqtrtġ

QþTwwqpqv px rMJ

orsotsġosqqru„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoropswġortuoq„Mj[(

Ǐdzwpsrss qo pMJ

ostvos„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoususxġowqwrq„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lpopxtxtx qs sMJ S[ȉuwpwtt pt pMJ „9H^owpwtt p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9„O\LSMS<orrpoxJ+quttSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oqqwrpJ+trqvtqtSI[+L[H9^Ŧ S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqrsrJ+

tsuroSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<orrpoxJ+qutt

SI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oqqwrpJ+trqvtqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH XO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oqqwrpJ+trqvtqtSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ

8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outotuJ+rsqsrqtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqrsrJ+tsuroSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

outotuJ+rsqsrqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqqwrpJ+trqvtqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotsvqw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowosqo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpopxtq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqrpso„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqsssx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotoqop„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovptqw

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxpqqo„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpotosp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqpxsp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optprs„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvsx„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď95


qw.V[ipxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo@^LvwuO[+T[bJUu.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x201E;@DvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/b=L.W[Qqw.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otqvotJ+rotspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louqrtr qo 

M_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGOO\Oj[L<oupqquJ+qsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twsvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqttqJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9powxpt qs pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrurrÄĄpqpxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortupsÄĄostoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqqvropt v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoroptxÄĄortupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostoqwÄĄ

ǜžppqqs s pMJ

opprrpÄĄoqovstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqrsÄĄpqtspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uwptss pt pMJ

orptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvowÄĄoxptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwow(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<opsqswJ+tprqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrttt qo (

otqvotJ+rotspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osrusoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqusssr v rMJ

qotpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLototqqÄĄovswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwwwrr px rMJ

O[bS[S[\HourwtvÄĄovqorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqrsÄĄoqpvso

Ç?Çłwprttsw qo pMJ

otsssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowssorÄĄpoovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lpopxtvtw qs sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLousvorÄĄowqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprrtpÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^owptss p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<opsroqJ+tprrrqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupqpxJ+qsvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opsroq

J+tprrrqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opsroqJ+tprrrqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqvpwJ+ rotstoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupqpxJ+qsvqqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otqvpwJ+rotstoSI[+L[H

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opsroq

J+tprrrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpprq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxowqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?96


qx.V[ipxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSro.V[i>[ŃqoØ]KSQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qp@^LvwuO[+T[bJUv.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTrp„@Dvow…QcHqo/b=L.W[Qqx.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpw\ƵTXĉpuxØ]L[;MčQ] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ „O\LSMS<orsptoJ+qurorqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovpsrq qp 

1ġSP[ÍMJ9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<osrvpwJ+twsxpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

oqspssJ+trtxrvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;„WgP[;½\Oj[L<ppoqqx

„@[T[9poqptvr qt pMJ

-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLovswpxġppqtpt„Mj[-X[ġoqovtvġ

O^Kqqxqqqv v rMJ

opruox„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqtptġpqpxqx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ƕ¾pprtqr s pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowqwtxġpoposp„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqqwpvġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqq(

I[+L[HVƊ]LíÊM_O­P[ÍMJ\Oj[L<oorvrpJ+swsxt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louroqr qq (

…H\HT„O\LSMS<orsptoJ+qurorqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

„OT]qqvspso v rMJ

J+pstqpo„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL\Oj[L<owqrqqJ+wprsqt„Mj[I[+L[H

QþTwvtupo px rMJ

otsstr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourxouġpoovrw„Mj[-X[ġpqpqstġ

Ǐdzwprsvtv qo pMJ

posxqoġpprpoq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqqqġoprsor„Mj[(

U\Lpopxtttp qs sMJ

orsuqx„Mj[(

S[ȉuwpqrr pt pMJ „9H^owpqrr p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oorvqsJ+swswsvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LS JU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppoqssJ+pstqsvtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^Ŧ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oorvqsJ+swswsvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oorvqsJ+

swswsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oorvqsJ+swswsvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/ QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oorvqsJ+swswsvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<

orspssJ+quropvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ppoqssJ+pstqsvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ

LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„O\LSMS<orspssJ+ quropvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oorvqsJ+swswsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotrxru„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovtuqw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpopqoo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqqrsw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqrutw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lostsox„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovovru

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxosqw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hposqsx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqppsx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsrsr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxtv„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď97


ro.V[ipxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^LvwuO[+T[bJUw.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTp.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/b=L.W[Qro.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprxooJ+qpqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howorqo qq 

pppuotJ+stqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprxoo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<owqsooJ+wptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppttvw qu pMJ

ourxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqotwÄĄoxquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqtuÄĄ

O^Krppssp v sMJ

otottrÄĄouooovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvopÄĄppqtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppswtu s qMJ

poovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorptttÄĄostvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrs(

I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJS[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovquts qr (

J+qpqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oorpspJ+swrrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwrwrv v rMJ

\Oj[L<otrrqpJ+pvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLorturtÄĄ

QĂžTwvsspw px rMJ

oqpworÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspqwÄĄotostrÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłwprsopo qo pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrvopÄĄporppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxquotÄĄ

U\Lpopxtrrv qs sMJ

ostvrtÄĄourxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptqosÄĄoppopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uwxqq pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^owxqq p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<pppupxJ+stqutSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqsptJ+wptttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pppupxJ+stqutSI[+L[H pqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

pppupxJ+stqutSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwtqJ+qpqqqvt SI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwtqJ+qpqqqvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JL JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owqsptJ+wptttSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[

Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwtqJ+qpqqqvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pppupxJ+stqutSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoowosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovorso Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxoorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orquoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?98


rp.V[ipxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSpX[7L>[ŃqqØ]KSQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qr@^LvwuO[+T[bJUx.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTq.V[ivow…QcHqq/b=L.W[Qrp.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqo\ƵTXĉpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ \Oj[L<ppqqtpJ+ptspsqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howsxtw qr 

oxssprJ+sprtvt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]9SGOO\Oj[L<ppqqtpJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„9gTO\Oj[L<owtvstJ+xrwpqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;-\H;Ě

„@[T[9ppqoutr qv qMJ

trsprqt„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpxtrġoroqrq„Mj[

O^Krruts v sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġorspspġototov„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLouooqrġ

Ƕ¾pptpqss s qMJ

ovswsxġowsroq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Howoqsxġowssrq„Mj[(

S[ȉuwupq pt pMJ

pptqsv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxptsxġporsoq„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsu(

-ƆQ]\Oj[L<owtvstJ+xrwpqt„Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LíÊ„SOH]S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowqsso qs (

ptspsqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<poppprJ+sqsqrvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]qqxrtrs v rMJ

\Oj[L<otrsooJ+pxrt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<oqrtotJ+

QþTwvrrp px rMJ

O[bS[S[\Hourxqrġowssrq„Mj[-X[ġpqtssxġoqtxtw

Ǐdzwprrqqw qo pMJ

outsru„Mj[-X[ġoxrvptġporpqw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lpopxtppw qs sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowqxqxġpoppow„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoppowġ

„9H^owupq p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊS[\H<oxssotJ+sprssvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼnS[\H<poppotJ+sqsqpvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\U í\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9

„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrrtrJ+pxpvt SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ S[\H<poppotJ+sqsqpvtSI[+L[H

„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpv

pxqoqqqsquLíÊHS[\H<oxssotJ+sprssvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L XO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxssotJ+sprssvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppqrotJ+ptsqpvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppqrotJ+ptsqpvt SI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owtvrxJ+

xrvtvtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrrtrJ+pxpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppqrotJ+ptsqpvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxssotJ+sprssvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owtvrxJ+xrvtvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotrpss„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovswrt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpoosow„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqpttu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqxot„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lossupv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutxst

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owturu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hporstw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqortw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprttp„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqqot„Mj[( Q[\S193

M[\ď99


pX[7LpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qrĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qs@^LvwuO[+T[bJUpo.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTr.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/b=L.W[QpU[7L

M[=[LQ^W\TQqp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rp.V[ipxrQ[\S vwuuqr /bS/ J+qtsssqt <ptqrS WQj 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<owtwswJ+xsotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrsrq qs 

owotroJ+rvqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owtwsw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<ouqxqsJ+rqurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;K`\HS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9osqrpu p qMJ

oppspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsssoÄĄposxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprpwÄĄ

O^Krstxr w pMJ

ouoosoÄĄoutstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxroÄĄovqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppupusu s qMJ

ouswouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvtqÄĄourxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxroÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtv(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ouqxqsJ+rqurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqrot qt (

J+xsotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovsspuJ+rursroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rorqrq v sMJ

pprqrpJ+sutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrvqxÄĄ

QĂžTwvqqqo px rMJ

oprussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqpwqwÄĄorspttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłwprqstp qo pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoprsrvÄĄorpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotouqwÄĄ

U\Lpopxswtr qs sMJ

ovtvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvowÄĄototqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uwrp pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^owrp p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotssJ+rvqwpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotssJ+ rvqwpoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owotssJ+rvqwpoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owtwsoJ+xsoroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<ouqxptJ+rqupoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owtwsoJ+xsoroSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotssJ+rvqwpoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< ouqxptJ+rqupoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpooopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louttsx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqoooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?100


qX[7LpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSrX[7L>[ŃqsØ]KSQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qt@^LvwuO[+T[bJUpp.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTs.V[ivow…QcHqs/b=L.W[QqU[7LM[=[LQ^W\TQ qq\ƵTXĉpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototrvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<ouroquJ+rqxvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopvro qt 

Q[J[L<ouqtstJ+rrpvqt„Mj[I[+L[H9`\ġ9[9SG;S\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<osoqouJ+tvpvqvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;U_T

„@[T[9opwsqts q qMJ

oxrvsr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howorosġoxqurq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

O^Krutpt w qMJ

ovqpqoġoworos„Mj[-X[ġpqprqwġorooqt„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppvqpp s rMJ

orsqox„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopprtġpptrpq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxou(

JUQ]\Oj[L<osoqouJ+tvpvqvt„Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LíÊPSG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqptu qu (

ouroquJ+rqxvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otpttsJ+roqqsvt

„OT]rpqxrp v sMJ

„Wń[<owqxrtJ+rwquuo„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLouootwġ

QþTwvpqpv px rMJ

otousvġouootw„Mj[-X[ġoppsqwġoqowso„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdzwprpvqo px sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostpprġotstqt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horooqtġ

U\Lpopxsuqq qs sMJ

pptrpqġoprssw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoppotqġoqqxov„Mj[(

S[ȉuvtxto pt pMJ „9H^ovtxto p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

.\ġ;H[S[Wš[HQ[J[L<ouqtrwJ+rrpvvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<osoptwJ+tvpvvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osoptw J+tvpvvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<ouqtrwJ+rrpvvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ouqtrwJ+

rrpvvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouqtrwJ+

rrpvvtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourorxJ+rqxsoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<osoptwJ+tvpvvtSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourorxJ+rqxsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osoptwJ+tvpvvtSI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotqrtr„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovsoss„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxtupv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqowos„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqpps„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losrwqt„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutptr

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owswst„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpoqvot„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpptuot„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqvtw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpsps„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď101


rX[7LpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;quĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qu@^LvwuO[+T[bJUpq.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTt.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/b=L.W[QrU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;puxĂ&#x2DC;]9[\Q9[59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osoroxJ+tvqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotxso qu 

Q[J[L<osswtpJ+qxpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<opsoprJ+tpqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9prqps r qMJ

otovovÄĄouttqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqowÄĄoppsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Krwsqtu w qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvpoÄĄotstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororooÄĄ

ǜžppwqtro s rMJ

orpurqÄĄostwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLouswspÄĄowroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpt(

59[JU]\Oj[L<opsoprJ+tpqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqppw qv (

osoroxJ+tvqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtoswJ+qspxpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqqurp v sMJ

;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<otqxrqJ+rotuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwvqtq px rMJ

ovqpquÄĄoxqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprpttÄĄoqpwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwprxtt px sMJ

ortvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprvoxÄĄoqpwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpopxsrst qs sMJ

9[TS[\HporsroÄĄpptqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uvturx pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ovturx p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ossxouJ+qxpstvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L Â&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtosoJ+qspwtqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+X

O`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L< ossxouJ+qxpstvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ossxouJ+qxpstvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<opsoou J+tpqprvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opsoouJ+tpqprvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqtosoJ+qspwtqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ossxouJ+qxpstvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opsoouJ+ tpqprvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqosowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousvtv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?102


sX[7LpxrQ[\S„T/M[9M[pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgStX[7L>[ŃqvØ]KSQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qv@^LvwuO[+T[bJUpr.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTu.V[ivow…QcHqv/b=L.W[QsU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqs\ƵTXĉpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ S[\H<ppqwosJ+sttprqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppsptw qv 

„S[\XG]„O\LSMS<orqorxJ+qtrr„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG„9gTO

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

sttprqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;O`\ĭ„O\LSMS<oqruqpJ+qrsqpt

„@[T[9ppvpvss s rMJ

oppssxġororow„Mj[-X[ġortvpvġotstrt„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Krporsrt w rMJ

oprvqqġorootr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppssxġoqowtx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppxropq s rMJ

owrorp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprtowġorpuso„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqr(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotovqv\Oj[Loxrwpr„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqpqw qw (

\Oj[L<pqrqtqJ+pwrrrqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<ppqwosJ+

„OT]rrqrrp w pMJ

„Mj[I[+L[HǝO-Q`HbR[;\JLovsxtsġporqqq„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTwutsw px rMJ

ourxssġovqpro„Mj[-X[ġoxqusvġpprqot„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzwprqrt px sMJ

9^\T9S[\Hpqprtoġpqttru„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLouswtxġ

U\Lpopxspr qs sMJ

ovtworġoxpuqp„Mj[(

S[ȉuvtrqw pt pMJ „9H^ovtrqw p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<orqorqJ+qtrqsqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<poqusuJ+prpvqtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9 @^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqrrowJ+

pwrspqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqusuJ+prpvqt

SI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqp qrqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<orqorqJ+qtrqsqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[

9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<orqorqJ+qtrqsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS „íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppqvtwJ+sttppvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppqvtwJ+

sttppvtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqrrowJ+pwrspqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<orqorqJ+qtrqsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppqvtwJ+sttppvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotpuoo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovrqtp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxswqt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqoops„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqprqr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losrort„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loussop „Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owsotr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpopxps„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppswpt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqoov„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orouqq„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď103


tX[7LpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qw@^LvwuO[+T[bJUps.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTv.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/b=L.W[QtU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouqwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<oxrosrJ+sotvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqtqu qw 

.Ă?­[9SG;S\Oj[L<poqvrtJ+prpxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<pptrrvJ+putsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpqut t rMJ

otovswÄĄoutuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrwqwÄĄppqussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krpqqttv w rMJ

oprvrtÄĄotouqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxovÄĄortvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžpqortu s sMJ

pqqotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotoqwÄĄpprqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;uvtopw pt pMJ

9[TS[\HoqqxswÄĄorswowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxro(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqotoqJ+qqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqqso qx (

oxrosrJ+sotvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owrwroJ+wstto

Â&#x201E;OT]rsqorp w pMJ

O½[<[H\Oj[L<oxqspsJ+posopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwusuv px rMJ

ortvqrÄĄotstrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqprsÄĄoxqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpqttqr px sMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqutsÄĄpotoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqussÄĄ

U\Lpopxrwpt qs sMJ

pptrswÄĄoprtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowroswÄĄpopqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^ovtopw p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqostsJ+qqqqstSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqvqwJ+prpxpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqosts J+qqqqstSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqostsJ+qqqqst

SI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxroruJ+sotuuoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L I[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(

\Oj[L<poqvqwJ+prpxpoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqostsJ+qqqqstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxroruJ+sotuuoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousoot Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?104


uX[7LpxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSvX[7L>[ŃqxØ]KSQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qx@^LvwuO[+T[bJUpt.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTw.V[ivow…QcHqx/b=L.W[QuU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqu\ƵTXĉpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotousvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ Q[J[L<ovtqotJ+rusxsvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opppot

M^LO­W^9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<owrwtqJ+wsust„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HL[;„R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<oxqstwJ+posq„Mj[I[+L[HXV­G

„@[T[9qptqspu u rMJ

oropqrQbXŃbR[;\JLotowpoġoutuqr„Mj[-X[ġporqsxġ

O^Krpspvp w sMJ

oxqvooġpoowsw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorputsġostwqp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pqpsopq s sMJ

„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxru(

I[+L[HI[\>LíÊ.Í­[„O\LSMS<opousqJ+pxtuqo„Mj[I[+L[H

qx O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqqsto ro (

ovtqotJ+rusxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<ovpospJ+ttqqt

„OT]rtpvrr w pMJ

\Oj[L<ovpqtoJ+tpost„Mj[I[+L[HOÅ-Q`HbR[;S[\Hpqtuooġ

QþTwurwsw px qMJ

opptox„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrwsrġporqsx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzwpqswpu px sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostwqpġourxsx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptrpwġopppso

U\Lpopxrtqp qs sMJ S[ȉuvsvv pt pMJ „9H^ovsvv p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9„O\LSMS<opourtJ+pxtuqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovpottJ+tttvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9

„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrxouJ+wsvqoS I[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpottJ+tttvtSI[+L[HO`V 99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH„O\LSMS<

opourtJ+pxtuqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<opourtJ+pxtuqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ„O\LSMS<opourtJ+pxtuqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovtptwJ+rusxroSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/

R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owrxouJ+wsvqoSI[+L[H M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„O\LSMS<opourtJ+pxtuqtSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovtptwJ+rusxroSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotowox„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovqtop„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxsorq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpptqqp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqotrp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losqqsr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourupo

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owrrop„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpoppqr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppsoqr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppqps„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqtwrp„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď105


vX[7LpxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;roĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ro@^LvwuO[+T[bJUpu.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTx.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHro/b=L.W[QvU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<oururoJ+rrrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optxsw

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<ovppqtJ+tvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<ovprpqJ+tppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqxxsw v rMJ

outusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtosvÄĄporrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptpwÄĄ

O^Krpuvsq w sMJ

oxqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroprxÄĄorsrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžpqqstrp s sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovtosvÄĄowsstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoworqvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;uvsrtu pt pMJ

popqsuÄĄpptsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpurwÄĄportorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsp(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<pqroooJ+pwqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorqvqu p (

oururoJ+rrrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ouoworJ+qqvto

Â&#x201E;OT]rupsrt w pMJ

\Oj[L<otqppsJ+orosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotowrqÄĄ

QĂžTwurqps px qMJ

ororqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostprxÄĄourxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworqvÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpqsppv px sMJ

potossÄĄpprqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrqwÄĄotovovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopxrqqq qs sMJ

owstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrpqpÄĄpopqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^ovsrtu p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovpppwJ+tuttSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqqxtrJ+pwqrqqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpppwJ+tuttSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ouruqqJ+rrrxrtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqqxtrJ+

pwqrqqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pqqxtrJ+pwqrqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouruqqJ+rrrxrtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqqxtrJ+pwqrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?

WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ouruqqJ+rrrxrtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovpppwJ+tuttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqqxtrJ+pwqrqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ouruqqJ+rrrxrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppswquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LourqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppruqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opowpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?106


wX[7LpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSxX[7L>[Ńp3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]p@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUpv.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTpo.V[ivow…QcHpX[z[L.W[QwU[7LM[=[LQ^W\TQ qw\ƵTXĉpux

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ Q[J[L<otsvpqJ+rprtsqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqtqoo

-bƂV[9SG\9Ǣö\Oj[L<ouowquJ+qqwsvt„Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;OÅ\Oj[L<otqprvJ+orpst„Mj[I[+L[H\W\ĭ

„@[T[9rpqsots w rMJ

oxrxprġopptqv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howstqoġpototq„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Krpvtvtw x pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouoqtwġoutvoq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hourxswġ

Ƕ¾pqrtpp t pMJ

otowttġoutopv„Mj[-X[ġostwqvġourxsw„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxss(

I[+L[H\ƻH]j[LíÊM^V½[\Oj[L<pqpwtqJ+pvtstqt„Mj[I[+L[H

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losqxpv q (

otsvpqJ+rprtsqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otrrroJ+poro

„OT]rvpprw w qMJ

\Oj[L<ortqsrJ+tuswrqt„Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTwuquqs px qMJ

pqpsrrġoprwps„Mj[-X[ġoqqootġorsrsu„Mj[(

Ǐdzwpqrsqu px sMJ

ovqprx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtsrġorpvot„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpopxqxpv qs sMJ

ourxswġovtwpu„Mj[-X[ġorsxooġotovqv„Mj[(

S[ȉuvsost pt pMJ „9H^ovsost p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<pqpxouJ+pvttqvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ \QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<pqpxouJ+

pvttqvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS

„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otsvquJ+rprupvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otsvquJ+ rprupvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otqproJ+orpqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< pqpxouJ+pvttqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L< otsvquJ+rprupvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovpvox„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxrqsp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lppssqx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[optvrx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lospstp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louqwpv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owqtox

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpoorrp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpprqrp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/oposqr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtorx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostuqp„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď107


xX[7LpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;q3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUpw.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTpp.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHqX[z[L.W[QxU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pux

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<otqvqsJ+rostptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orsvrq

O[TO\Oj[L<otrrrqJ+portÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otqvqsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ortqqrJ+tusvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqttuqv x rMJ

oxrxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworrpÄĄoxqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Krpxsvsu x pMJ

ovqprxÄĄoworrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpssrÄĄoroqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqstusq t pMJ

orssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoprpsÄĄpptsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsv(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<pqrupoJ+pwrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotqwtr r (

rostptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otqxrsJ+osxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]rwwsq w qMJ

oqsvtuJ+tstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLouorqoÄĄ

QĂžTwuqpqp px qMJ

otoxpwÄĄouorqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptrtÄĄoqoxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłwpqqvsp px sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostpsrÄĄotststÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroqpqÄĄ

U\Lpopxquw qs sMJ

pptsrqÄĄoprttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppqpvÄĄoqroswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uvrvrs pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ovrvrs p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqruqsJ+pwrvstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<pqruqsJ+pwrvstSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pqruqsJ+pwrvstSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqruqsJ+pwrvstSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otqvsoJ+rostttSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otqvsoJ+rostttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqvsoJ+rostttSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otrrsvJ+pppqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otqvsoJ+rostttSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovprpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqpps

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opooqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?108


poX[7LpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;r3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUpx.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTpq.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHrX[z[L.W[QpoU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowpoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<otrwruJ+rppqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osstqx

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otqxptJ+oswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<oqovrxJ+tqqrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9swtupr po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqprvÄĄoxqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrooÄĄoqqort

O^Krqprvp x qMJ

ororsrÄĄortvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprwspÄĄoqqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpquqrs t pMJ

owrqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportqrÄĄpptrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsx(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqrssJ+qorttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqssx s (

otrwruJ+rppqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ottuptJ+pttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rxtsu w qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotoxsqÄĄoutvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrsrÄĄopptsr

QĂžTwupvt px qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvsrÄĄotstsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłwpqqpt px sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpvprÄĄostwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutotvÄĄ

U\Lpopxqqtr qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;uvrsqs pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ovrsqs p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqrtwJ+qortsoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqrtwJ+qortsoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqrtwJ+qortsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otrwtpJ+rppqtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L< otrwtpJ+rppqtqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqxoxJ+oswrvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqrtwJ+qortsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otrwtpJ+rppqtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovoxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosoutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvpw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqturpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?109


ppX[7LpxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;s3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUqo.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTpr.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHsX[z[L.W[QppU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ouqosvJ+rqtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otssqt

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<otttruJ+ptrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

spurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<optpoxJ+tpsprqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqpsosw pp rMJ

oppttoÄĄororsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvstÄĄotstspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Krqrqtsq x rMJ

oprwtsÄĄoroqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppttoÄĄoqoxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqvwrv t qMJ

owrqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruotÄĄorpvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsx(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsprrJ+qrswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

s O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovpups t (

Q[J[L<ouqosvJ+rqtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<outrppJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpoqtq w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLovtqopÄĄporrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTwuprru px qMJ

ourxrxÄĄovqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvqpÄĄpprrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpqpsrv px sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqptorÄĄpqtutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutppwÄĄ

U\Lpopxpxrr qs sMJ

ovtwpuÄĄoxputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uvrppr pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ovrppr p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqspswJ+qrsxpqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<optpoqJ+tpspptSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

optpoqJ+tpspptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqspswJ+qrsxpqtSI[+L[Hqstvxpppr

pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqspswJ+qrsxpqtSI[+L[H 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqspswJ+qrsxpqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouqosoJ+rqtuqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottttoJ+ptspvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqspswJ+qrsxpqtSI[+L[H

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L

<ouqosoJ+rqtuqqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovotqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosoroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprqp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osssrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?110


pqX[7LpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;t3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUqp.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTps.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHtX[z[L.W[QpqU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQrQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovrpqsJ+rttqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousqtp u 

9SGOO\Oj[L<outqpoJ+spstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovrpqsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<optttqJ+tptqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tspprr pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvstÄĄotstrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqprpÄĄoxqvqr

O^Krqtprsr x rMJ

ortvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqvqrÄĄpotppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžpqwpsto t qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppttorÄĄopruppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrqsvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsw(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Q[J[L<osqvswJ+qwprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howoror u (

rttqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owpuqtJ+vsrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpotxtw w rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotporqÄĄoutwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsopqÄĄppqwot

QĂžTwupots px qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxowÄĄotowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxtrÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpqwpv px sMJ

ppqwotÄĄpqqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotppwÄĄpprrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopxpuv qs sMJ

poprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrprtÄĄortoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uvqwq pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ovqwq p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osqvsoJ+qwpqtoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqvso

J+qwpqtoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osqvsoJ+qwpqtoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovrppvJ+rttptqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqvsoJ+qwpqtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrppvJ+rttptqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outqqtJ+spssqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<osqvsoJ+

qwpqtoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovrppvJ+rttptqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxputwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxqt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqswrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?111


prX[7LpxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSpsX[7L>[Ńu3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]u@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUqq.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTpt.V[ivow…QcHuX[z[L.W[QprU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQsQ^XSSQpvo

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ S[\H<oxouoxJ+rxsw„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousqtp u 

\Oj[L<owptqrJ+vspt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<oxouoxJ+rxsw

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtvqqġororqoQbXŃbR[;\JLotpotvġ

„@[T[9tpurort pr qMJ

oxsoqvġporsqp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqvqtġpooxqs„Mj[(

O^Krqvpq x sMJ

ourxqv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptsqrġopprov„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsu(

LíÊXƚ[Q[J[L<ourvtoJ+rrrvpqt„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SG„9gTO

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howoror u (

„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;\Wĭ\Oj[L<oqpwptJ+tqsvpo„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

„OT]rpptvu w rMJ

outwst„Mj[-X[ġporsqpġoppuor„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

QþTwuxp px qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpvqoġostwqr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostwqrġ

Ǐdzwpqqu px sMJ

Ƕ¾pqxqpps t qMJ

U\Lpopxpqrv qs sMJ S[ȉuvqstp pt pMJ „9H^ovqstp p rMJ QþTO\¾ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „Q[V;H[S[„íQ[Q[J[L<ourvsrJ+rrruttSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<pooossJ+pqrqqtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9 @^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pooossJ+

pqrqqtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpx

qpqrqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<ourvsrJ+rrruttSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[<S W[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ourvsrJ+rrruttSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\LS[\H<oxouopJ+rxsvsoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L XO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚS[\H<oxouopJ+rxsvsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/S[\H<oxouopJ+rxsvsoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owptrvJ+vspsoS

I[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ourvsrJ+rrruttSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxouopJ+rxsvsoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loutvqx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxproq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lppqsto„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprvtx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[orttpp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louowrv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owotqx

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxsrto„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpppqtp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqssss„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrotw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrusp„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď112


psX[7LpxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;v3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]v@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUqr.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTpu.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHvX[z[L.W[QpsU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQtQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<potvswJ+ssquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrxss v 

\Oj[L<oxtxqxJ+pqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<potvswJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotppqrÄĄoutxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtqtwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqwsort ps qMJ

ourxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworqqÄĄoxqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄororrwÄĄ

O^Krqwsvrt x sMJ

orstrxÄĄotoxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtqtwÄĄowsutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqoqvsv t rMJ

popsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopsqqÄĄppttqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[S[\H<oxotoxJ+rxssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG;S

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howstst v (

ssquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<oqtqppJ+tspottÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpqtspt w rMJ

porsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuoxÄĄorortqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpruÄĄ

QĂžTwuvtu px qMJ

orstrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpqxÄĄpprrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpptur px sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoworqqÄĄowstqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrrqqÄĄ

U\Lpopxxq qs sMJ

oxputtÄĄportsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uvqpso pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ovqpso p rMJ QĂžTO\ž Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxtxssJ+pqotqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxotooJ+rxssqtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtxssJ+

pqotqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqo qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxotooJ+rxssqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxotooJ+

rxssqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<potvspJ+ssqtstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ M[JbJ[VS[\H<potvspJ+ssqtstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<potvspJ+ssqtstS I[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtxssJ+pqotqtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<

potvspJ+ssqtstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxoxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoprr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?113


ptX[7LpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;w3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUqs.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTpv.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHwX[z[L.W[QptU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQuQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ootwovJ+sxqsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrsru w 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pptutuJ+putqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ttsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsotuÄĄoppupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upossss pt qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqqptqÄĄorsttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouotrxÄĄoutxqw

O^Ksorrpv po pMJ

orpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotppsxÄĄoutqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwpt

ǜžqprsro t rMJ

ÄĄotpoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrx(

I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]S[\H<ppspotJ+suprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxqtpq w (

ootwovJ+sxqsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<orrptqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rprtpqs w sMJ

S[\HowstqqÄĄpotprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptsoÄĄoprxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwuvso px qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxpoÄĄovqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpptopo px sMJ

ÄĄourxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxpoÄĄovtwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortppt

U\Lpopxtqr qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;uvpwro pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ovpwro p rMJ

QĂžTO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txoqqt Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9S[\H<ppsotxJ+supqttSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppsotxJ+supqttSI[+L[Hqsuw

xppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppsotx

J+supqttSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ \Oj[L<ootwopJ+sxqsqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pptuswJ+putqqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[

XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<ppsotxJ+supqtt SI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ootwopJ+sxqsqqtS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxotpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oproowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouoosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtvrv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxruooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppostxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?114


puX[7LpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;x3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUqt.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTpw.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHxX[z[L.W[QpuU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQvQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotporqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oqtvopJ+tsqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxqvqx x 

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optvrvJ+qptrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tvqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLououorÄĄoxspppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqqsuqu pu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupwÄĄoqpootÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpouÄĄoworpq

O^Ksqpwt po pMJ

otstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorosprÄĄorsuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqqspqr t rMJ

9[TS[\HopprsqÄĄoqrqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrs(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<oqpuqoJ+tqrxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpooqqo x (

oqtvopJ+tsqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<osoxqrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpsswrt w sMJ

S[\HoworpqÄĄoxqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpqpuÄĄououor

QĂžTwuwpr px qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptsxÄĄorosprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostpquÄĄ

Ç?Çłwppssqt px sMJ

popssvÄĄppttrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttrwÄĄopruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopxprw qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;uvptpx pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ovptpx p rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqpuprJ+tqrwstSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<oqpuprJ+tqrwstSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqpuprJ+tqrwstSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspu pwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqpuprJ+tqrwstSI[+L[H\O ÇłX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqtutsJ+tsqoqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L< oqpuprJ+tqrwstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqtutsJ+tsqoqvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optvqxJ+qptrqtS

I[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqpuprJ+tqrwstSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b; Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqtutsJ+tsqoqvtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoustsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxoppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppproqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtrsp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppoporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?115


pvX[7LpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;po3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUqu.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTpx.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHpoX[z[L.W[QpvU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQwQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpotvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osstovJ+twsxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpopwsv po 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortqrrJ+qurxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tvpxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<osrwptJ+twrqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vssxpt pv pMJ

oppuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqotvÄĄoxqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrsxÄĄ

O^Ksspts po qMJ

orortpÄĄortvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsopsÄĄoqqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqrswqt t sMJ

owrspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporttqÄĄpptstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqv(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ossproJ+twsotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporwpo po (

osstovJ+twsxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<osowqsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rptstsv w sMJ

/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotpqsrÄĄovoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportoxÄĄ

QĂžTwuxrt px qMJ

oqqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvrtÄĄotstosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłwpprwtp px sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpvpvÄĄostworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutrqwÄĄ

U\Lpopwtvto qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;uvpqw pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ovpqw p rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<osspqsJ+twsortSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osspqsJ+twsort SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osspqsJ+twsortSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<osstooJ+twsxrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osstooJ+twsxrtSI[+L[H 1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortqqtJ+qurxptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osspqsJ+twsortSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osstooJ+twsxrtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouspsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppoxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsxst

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?116


pwX[7LpxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pp3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUqv.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTqo.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHppX[z[L.W[QpwU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQxQ^XSSQpvoĂ&#x2DC;]M\OĂ&#x160;[bS[ML]M^Ă&#x160;J[59[JU].\@9[ÄĄĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osssowJ+twsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppoxor pp 

\Oj[L<ossorpJ+twrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<ousvtvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otrqooJ+rosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vputuso pw pMJ

twropvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ostqqsJ+txutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Kstssso po qMJ

ororsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvrpÄĄotsstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwruÄĄ

ǜžqsttru t sMJ

orostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuqtÄĄoqpoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;uvwtv pt pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoprursÄĄorpvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvsqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpx(

59[JU]\Oj[L<oupsowJ+qrppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppprso pp (

rtttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG;S\Oj[L<osssowJ+twsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpusquo x pMJ

oupsowJ+qrppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<osrvpvJ+

QĂžTwuppst px qMJ

Â&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovtsptÄĄportqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpprrqu px sMJ

ovqosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvqoÄĄpprrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsoqvÄĄ

U\Lpopwtrtu qs sMJ

pqpuotÄĄpqtwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutrtpÄĄowrsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^ovwtv p rMJ

oxpuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ouswppJ+rtuqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ouswppJ+rtuqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouswppJ+ rtuqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupsqqJ+qrptqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupsqqJ+

qrptqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<otrptqJ+rosustSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oupsqqJ+qrptqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouswppJ+rtuqtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppotppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovstto

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

pxX[7LpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pp3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUqw.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTqp.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHppX[z[L.W[QpxU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpoQ^XSSQpvoĂ&#x2DC;]M\OĂ&#x160;[bS[ML]M^Ă&#x160;J[59[JU].\@9[ÄĄĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TL Q^W\TQMSO.\@QXSQ.ÇśS[ Q[\S193

M[\Ä?117


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppsxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ouprroJ+qqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpptwtt pq 

otprrv\Oj[LovpvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ouprroJ+qqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqxpptx pw sMJ

txrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ostpsuJ+txtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksvqupv po rMJ

\JLotprrvÄĄovoottÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsptqÄĄppqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžquqtu t sMJ

opsosoÄĄotppsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqpoovÄĄortvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

S[Č&#x2030;uvtsu pt pMJ

pqqqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotpstÄĄpprrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?ÇłO\ž

9[TS[\HoqrrqvÄĄortqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpo(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<ovpvtuJ+txrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppsxst pq (

ousvqoJ+rtspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<owqxtuJ+wxrvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvsops x pMJ

OOQ[J[L<ousxoxJ+rrtwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ovpvtuJ+

QĂžTwupsss px qMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ossvouJ+twtqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;

Ç?Çłwppqwpp px sMJ

ortvqtÄĄotsssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoruÄĄoxqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lpopwsxtx qs sMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqvpvÄĄpotpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxpoÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^ovtsu p rMJ

pptuooÄĄoprurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrssxÄĄpoptqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ousvpqJ+rtrtvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owqxswJ+wxpvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ousvpqJ+rtrtvtSI[+L[H\QI^L

99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousvpqJ+rtrtvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<owqxswJ+wxpvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<ouprqrJ+qqxqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ousvpqJ+rtrtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpvsxJ+txqoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqxswJ+wxpvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ouprqrJ+qqxqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<ouprqrJ+qqxqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpvsxJ+txqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouprqrJ+qqxqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ousvpqJ+rtrtvtS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< ovpvsxJ+txqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppopptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsptt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?118


qoX[7LpxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pq3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUqx.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTqq.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHpqX[z[L.W[QqoU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQppQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovpvpxJ+twtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqswtu pr 

J+ursptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<owqxqoJ+wwvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ovrwrrJ+ruppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovtqpt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpprwt px sMJ

I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ospxowJ+tvspqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;

O^Ksxusp po rMJ

-X[ÄĄportsqÄĄoppuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsqouÄĄportsq

ǜžqvpoqs u pMJ

ostvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostvruÄĄourwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxoo(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotpsot\Oj[LovpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<ovtqpt

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqvpx pr (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovpvpxJ+twtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwrvqx x pMJ

J+ursptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ossuqxJ+twtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwupwrp px qMJ

S[\HpqtwruÄĄorotquQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpsotÄĄovoppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłwppqrt px sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvprÄĄpooxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvouÄĄ

U\Lpopwsttv qs sMJ

ppttppÄĄoppsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uvqrt pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ovqrt p rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owqxppJ+wvstSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžS

JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxsrooJ+ppppvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L 99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspu

pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqxppJ+wvstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <oxsrooJ+ppppvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpvppJ+tvstSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqxppJ+wvstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovtqqxJ+urstoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsrooJ+ppppvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpvppJ+tvstSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxsrooJ+ppppvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpvppJ+tvstS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtqqxJ+urstoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L I[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovpvppJ+ tvstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

ovtqqxJ+urstoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxsrooJ+ppppvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowstrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotspouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrvtx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpostqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqorqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?119


qpX[7LpxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pr3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUro.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTqr.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHprX[z[L.W[QqpU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpqQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqsrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ovtqooJ+urrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxrp ps 

M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<oxsqroJ+ppxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rusvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovttruJ+uspqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqspvpw qo sMJ

orqupxJ+ttqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotpsrrÄĄ

O^Kspostsv po sMJ

ororrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostossÄĄourvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqqxÄĄ

ǜžqwpwp u pMJ

potpsvÄĄpprsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswosÄĄotpqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uutxqt pt pMJ

owsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrtqqÄĄpoptsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsw(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ovttruJ+uspqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opovpq ps (

\Oj[L<ovtqooJ+urrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovtvssJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxrssu x pMJ

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ospwroJ+tvrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

QĂžTwuqrt px qMJ

ovoprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovttprÄĄporttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppurpÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpppwpo px sMJ

oxqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorotssÄĄorswosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Lpopwsptq qs sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovttprÄĄowswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqqxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^outxqt p rMJ

poptsvÄĄpptupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpurrÄĄportttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxsqqrJ+ppxrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovtvrvJ+rusvsoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U

Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L <poqtrtJ+pqtuqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovtvrvJ+rusvsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[

O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxsqqrJ+ ppxrtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqtrtJ+pqtuqtSI[+L[Hprtuw

popqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovtptpJ+urrptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsqqrJ+ppxrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovtttoJ+usqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqtrtJ+pqtuqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxsqqrJ+ppxrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtptpJ+urrptSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

ovtttoJ+usqqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovtptpJ+urrptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxsqqrJ+ppxrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovtttoJ+usqqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqtrtJ+pqtuqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?120


TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouquoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opourpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrsoq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpospqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osotpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?121


qqX[7LpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;ps3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUrp.V[ipxrP[SH]j\W\PTqs.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHpsX[z[L.W[QqqU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQprQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprpoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovttsqJ+uspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqroto pt 

1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<poqtqvJ+pqtutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGO\G@\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovqwqpJ+trqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xvpppw qp sMJ

oxsqrqÄĄoppurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsssoÄĄpotpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kspqqrqw po sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouowrpÄĄovoqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourvrrÄĄ

ǜžqxqtsv u pMJ

otptopÄĄouttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvpsÄĄourvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwru(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[\Oj[L<ovqwqpJ+trqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optoow pt (

<ovttsqJ+uspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovsttxJ+rupvqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqorqs x qMJ

.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<oqoxqrJ+tqpssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwuqwqw px qMJ

pqpurrÄĄopsppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqrsoÄĄorswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwppprqu px sMJ

ovpxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruruÄĄorputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpopwrvsq qs sMJ

ourvrrÄĄovtvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrsrÄĄotprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uutups pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^outups p rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<poqtqoJ+pqttsvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<porvtvJ+prquvtSI[+L[HQ9S S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqwrsJ+

trqsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqtqoJ+pqttsvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porvtvJ+prquvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqtqoJ+pqttsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V \Oj[L<poqtqoJ+pqttsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/

\Oj[L<ovttrtJ+uspqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovqwrsJ+trqsoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovttrtJ+uspqt SI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqtqoJ+

pqttsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqwrsJ+trqsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<porvtvJ+

prquvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovroou

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxowqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqoxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?122


qrX[7LpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSqsX[7L>[Ńpt3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pu@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUpX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqt.V[ivow…QcHptX[z[L.W[QqrU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpsQ^XSSQpvoØ]Ø]S[K[9`ƋSA^TLT\QTØ[OL]M_\G­Q[S[:]M_\G­Q[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprrvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovqwqvJ+trqqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorqqsv pu 

<porwpoJ+prquso„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SGOO\Oj[L<ovqwqvJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„9gTO\Oj[L<ourqrwJ+rppso„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;„WgP[;½\Oj[L

„@[T[9xqoqotx qq sMJ

oxsqss„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howoqotġoxqutu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

O^Ksprtxrw pp pMJ

ovpxrxġowoqot„Mj[-X[ġpqpurwġorouqp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qporrso u qMJ

orswsu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopuoxġpptuqq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqq(

Ñ\HMJ\Oj[L<ourqrwJ+rppso„Mj[I[+L[H\ƻH]j[LíÊØOG[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrurx pu (

trqqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovortxJ+rsrppqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]rqpqxqr x qMJ

<ooqxorJ+swqsqt„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLouowtvġ

QþTwursrw px qMJ

otptroġouowtv„Mj[-X[ġoppurqġoqoxtx„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdzwppwtq px sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostoqoġotsrsv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horouqpġ

U\Lpopwrrqx qs sMJ

pptuqqġoprurt„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoppstxġoqrsrq„Mj[(

S[ȉuutrr pt pMJ „9H^outrr p rMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<porwoqJ+prquqoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ooqwtuJ+swqqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\U ǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L <poqqrtJ+pqsurqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J

ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń \W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqwsqJ+trquoSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+X S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ooqwtuJ+swqqtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<porwoqJ+prquqoSI[+L[Hqsuv

xppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<poqqrtJ+pqsurqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr qtquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ovqwsqJ+trquoSI[+L[HǏdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<porwoqJ+prquqoSI[+L[H>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<poqqrtJ+pqsurqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourqrpJ+rppqqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\L I[bL/\Oj[L<ovqwsqJ+trquoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourqrpJ+rppqqtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqwsqJ+trquoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

porwoqJ+prquqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ourqrpJ+rppqqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

Q[\S193

M[\ď123


TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpostrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqupo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxosrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?124


qsX[7LpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pu3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUqX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqu.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHpuX[z[L.W[QqsU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQptQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ourrowJ+rpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lospstu pv 

<poqroxJ+pqsvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otpporJ+txsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9porsuqr qr sMJ

otpttwÄĄovoqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuqpÄĄoppurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ksptrspp pp pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortusrÄĄotsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororpxÄĄ

ǜžqppspsp u qMJ

orpusoÄĄostusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutuotÄĄowrupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwov(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<otpporJ+txsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqutt pv (

ourrowJ+rpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ottstvJ+rprvqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqqqusr x qMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PLS[\H<poqvovJ+sqtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwusprs px rMJ

ovpxqrÄĄoxqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprsptÄĄoqqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwppsqx px sMJ

ortusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopspspÄĄoqqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lpopwqxpq qs sMJ

9[TS[\HporttpÄĄppttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uusxtq pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ousxtq p rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<poqroqJ+pqsvsoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxsqqpJ+ppsstSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourrooJ+

rpqrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poqroqJ+pqsvsoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxsqqpJ+ppsstSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ourrooJ+rpqrtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqroqJ+

pqsvsoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpotuJ+txsupqtSI[+L[H

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsqqpJ+ppsst SI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

ourrooJ+rpqrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxsqqpJ+ppsstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<ourrooJ+rpqrtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpotuJ+txsupqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

ourrooJ+rpqrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<poqroqJ+pqsvsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otpotuJ+txsupqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsqqpJ+ppsstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpospruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqqpt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxooruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqopqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S193

M[\Ä?125


qtX[7LpxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pw3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUrX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqv.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHpwX[z[L.W[QqtU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpuQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otpprpJ+txsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotourr pw 

\Oj[L<oxsqtwJ+ppupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<owspoqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osqqprJ+qvssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popvqust qs sMJ

rvspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLovtuqwÄĄporuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kspvvo pp qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoururrÄĄovpxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxquspÄĄpprspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqpqsxto u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpusxÄĄpqtxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutuqwÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;uususp pt pMJ

ovtupwÄĄoxpuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvto(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<orqvqxJ+ttquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqosq pw (

wroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<otpprpJ+txsvso

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrqst x rMJ

orqvqxJ+ttquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owouowJ+

QĂžTwusxpv px rMJ

-X[ÄĄoppuroÄĄororppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorturqÄĄotsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłwppopu px sMJ

-X[ÄĄopsptrÄĄoroutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuroÄĄoqoxtp

U\Lpopwqstp qs sMJ

owruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprurpÄĄorpurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^oususp p rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxsqtoJ+ppttvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orqvssJ+ttquuoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owsotuJ+ wqxuoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[  \Oj[L<oxsqtoJ+ppttvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L <orqvssJ+ttquuoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtv wpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxsqtoJ+ppttvtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs

quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsotuJ+wqxuoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsotuJ+wqxuoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<oxsqtoJ+ppttvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orqvssJ+ttquuoS

I[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxsqtoJ+ppttvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orqvss J+ttquuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owsotuJ+wqxuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orowooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpwpx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?126


quX[7LpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;px3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUsX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqw.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHpxX[z[L.W[QquU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpvQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<opqurwJ+toqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottutt px 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ovqrorJ+tpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

toqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<otroopJ+rorqsqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppqorp qt sMJ

oxsrqpÄĄppqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortupxÄĄotsqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kspwrvtw pp qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxstÄĄortupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqurqÄĄ

ǜžqprtwv u rMJ

potpsrÄĄpprspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppturrÄĄopruqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uusrrp pt pMJ

orttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvrr(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<owsptsJ+wrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpvpw px (

MS<oqqxpvJ+qrotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<opqurwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqsqpqx x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotputuÄĄovorroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTwutvsu px rMJ

ovpwsuÄĄoxqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqosÄĄotptopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwpotupt px sMJ

potpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxttÄĄpqqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lpopwqoqw qs sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrustÄĄpopurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrtpxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^ousrrp p rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<owspsuJ+wrqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovqqttJ+tprstSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owspsuJ+wrqtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owspsuJ+wrqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqqttJ+

tprstSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owspsuJ+wrqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< ovqqttJ+tprstSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owspsuJ+wrqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opqurqJ+toqqsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<owspsuJ+wrqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

opqurqJ+toqqsvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovqqttJ+ tprstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LououqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orososÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpsqr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?127


qvX[7LpxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qo3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUtX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqx.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHqoX[z[L.W[QqvU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpwQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ S[\H<pppqovJ+sssustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loustqu qo 

<ottqsxJ+pqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pqqpps

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;SÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsotuJ+qrqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppptqtqw qu sMJ

ovortqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporusuÄĄoppuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Ksqoutv pp rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpuppÄĄostttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostttxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvps(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ovqrtsJ+tpupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louptsx qp (

J+pvrxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<pppqovJ+sssustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rqtpwtr x rMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxrvÄĄorovrrQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpvqtÄĄ

QĂžTwvutx px rMJ

oxsrrqÄĄporusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxquqqÄĄpooxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwpotqqs px sMJ

ourtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttrwÄĄopptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpturp u rMJ

U\Lpopwpuo qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;uusoqo pt pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ousoqo p rMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovqrsuJ+tpttqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ottqsqJ+pqvSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pooossJ+ ppsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og 

Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[  \Oj[L<ovqrsuJ+tpttqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<

pooossJ+ppsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqrsuJ+tpttqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottqsqJ+pqvSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovqrsuJ+tpttqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<ottqsqJ+pqvSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/ S[\H<pppqopJ+sssuroSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovqrsuJ+tpttqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<pppqopJ+sssuroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ottqsqJ+pqvSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouoqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowpwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpoqv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpopvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppsxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?128


qwX[7LpxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qp3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUuX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTro.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHqpX[z[L.W[QqwU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpxQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpttwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owswtxJ+rwsvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrpts qp 

J+pqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<osptqrJ+tvqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

owswtxJ+rwsvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovrtpoJ+tsptvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqxrwss qv sMJ

\Oj[L<owsoqoJ+wqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotpvtsÄĄ

O^Ksqprrsx pp rMJ

oroqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxoqÄĄourtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoosvÄĄ

ǜžqpuptr u rMJ

potprvÄĄpprspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortorsÄĄotpttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uurvx ps sMJ

owsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrvpuÄĄpoputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louruts(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<ottrrx

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovptqs qq (

PSG]9SG;S\Oj[L<poopsqJ+ppsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;OT]rqupuqo x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<ppsrrtJ+puspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

QĂžTwvputw px rMJ

ovospsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtvqsÄĄporutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłwposwst px sMJ

oxqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorovtpÄĄortorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Lpopwppro qs sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovtvqsÄĄowtorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoosvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^ourvx p qMJ

poputvÄĄppturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxptrpÄĄportruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ottrtrJ+pqxtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<osptptJ+tvqqpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottrtrJ+pqxtvt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottrtrJ+pqxtvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osptptJ+tvqqpoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\L\Oj[L<ottrtrJ+pqxtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osptptJ+tvqqpoS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owswtpJ+rwsvqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owswtpJ+rwsvqqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ottrtrJ+pqxtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[ Q[X[\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owswtpJ+rwsvqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osptpt J+tvqqpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HL X[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowpsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotoxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovourp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppstssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?129


qxX[7LpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qq3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUvX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTrp.V[ivowÂ&#x2026;QcHqqX[z[L.W[QqxU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqoQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ouqproJ+rqrvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howpurp qq 

oqrtqtJ+trppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovruop

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<otovqoJ+txrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oprtvw q pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrtsÄĄoppupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ksqqtwqs pp rMJ

oqqtqrÄĄortottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouppqxÄĄovosruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpvqrsp u sMJ

orptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpwqrÄĄoutvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosttqq

S[Č&#x2030;uurrtw ps sMJ

ortupuÄĄotpuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loururr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<ospuprJ+tvqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowptqt qr (

J+tsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouqproJ+rqrvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]rqvprsv x sMJ

owsppoJ+wqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<otruoxJ+osrpqt

QĂžTwvqvso px rMJ

owsrpsÄĄpotprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvotÄĄopsqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpostpv px sMJ

9^\T9S[\HourstuÄĄovpvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprupsÄĄ

U\Lpopwutv qs sMJ

ÄĄourstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourstuÄĄovttowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^ourrtw p qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oqrtpwJ+trpptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqrtpwJ+trpptSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<oqrtpwJ+trpptSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouqpstJ+ rqrwqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqrtpwJ+trpptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ouqpstJ+rqrwqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ \JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrttrJ+tsrstS I[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouqpstJ+ rqrwqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowpoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LototsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovoqru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpooxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppsptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?130


roX[7LpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qr3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qr@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUwX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqrX[z[L.W[QroU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqpQ^XSSQpvoĂ&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;S@Ĺ&#x2030;[Ć&#x2020;Q]@Ĺ&#x2030; Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotputuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortsssJ+quqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtxsx qr 

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otowrrJ+txrspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trqwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<otrvooJ+ostqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqwpvpo r pMJ

\JLouppttÄĄoxssotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoooxÄĄoxqtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksqsqors pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvpxÄĄowoooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvovÄĄorowqv

ǜžqpwrqqv u sMJ

ortppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvpsÄĄpptuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourupo(

I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<ootvrvJ+sxtrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxptrw qs (

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortsssJ+quqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oqsqstJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqwpppv x sMJ

I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<oqrssxJ+trwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTwvrxt px rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpwtqÄĄouppttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupsÄĄoqoxpv

Ç?Çłwposqp px sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosswqsÄĄotspqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorowqvÄĄ

U\Lpopwqqp qs sMJ

pptuspÄĄopruowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppuopÄĄoqrupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uurosv ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ourosv p qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortstxJ+quropvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ootvroJ+sxtqoSI[+L[H O`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[ Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

ortstxJ+quropvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqst vxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ootvroJ+sxtqoSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqr

qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ootvroJ+

sxtqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LS MS<ortstxJ+quropvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrvpsJ+ostttSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortstxJ+quropvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ootvroJ+sxtqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowoupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotopsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutwso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoouopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?131


rpX[7LpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qs3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qs@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUxX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqsX[z[L.W[QrpU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqqQ^XSSQpvoÂ&#x201E;;[9^T[Ć&#x2020;Q]LbĹ [¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvqtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprrqrJ+qortqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxsqru qs 

9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprrqrJ+qortqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

stsxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotpxqqÄĄovotpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqrtpw s pMJ

-X[ÄĄpprspuÄĄoqqttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorttotÄĄotspoq

O^Ksqtsox pp sMJ

oqqttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorptqpÄĄostsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtsv(

I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]S[\H<ppqusoJ+stpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpopuos qt (

ooqtqqJ+svsrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HS[\H<pprxpvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqxwsv x sMJ

-X[ÄĄporvprÄĄoppuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovputtÄĄoxqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwvtppr px rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqovÄĄorttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsqtvÄĄ

Ç?Çłwporwtu px sMJ

outwspÄĄowrwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportpvÄĄppttsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpxsppx u sMJ

U\Lpopvtvsq qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;uuqvrv ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ouqvrv p qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<ppquttJ+stpwtqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprrpvJ+qorssvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppquttJ+

stpwtqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppquttJ+stpwtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprrpvJ+qorssvtSI[+L[H

9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprrpvJ+qorssvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJS[\H<ppquttJ+stpwtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowoqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutssr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpooqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?132


rqX[7LpxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qt3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qt@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUpoX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTrX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqtX[z[L.W[QrqU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqrQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvtsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ppqpqrJ+ptrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqtsw qt 

S[\H<poovtwJ+sqopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxqqtwJ+pourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pquswq t qMJ

ÄĄporvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuorÄĄoroptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsswÄĄ

O^Ksqututu pq pMJ

pprspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrovÄĄoroxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqqotopw v pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoutxorÄĄowrwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprttsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtqq(

59[JU]\Oj[L<oxqqtwJ+pourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppputq qu (

ppqpqrJ+ptrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<popxtpJ+sqqxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]souqo po pMJ

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtrquJ+rwtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLovtwrt

QĂžTwwsr px rMJ

otsorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrrqÄĄovpuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqtqqÄĄ

Ç?Çłwporuq px sMJ

oppuorÄĄoqowtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvpqÄĄopoooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopvtrp qs sMJ

orptovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtsotÄĄoxpsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uuqsqu ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ouqsqu p qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ppqppuJ+ptrrqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<poovtpJ+sptxuoSI[+L[H\QI^L

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppqppuJ+

ptrrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt

pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poovtpJ+sptxuoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqqtpJ+poupvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppqppuJ+ptrrqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqqtpJ+

poupvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppqppuJ+ptrrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<poovtpJ+sptxuoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqqtpJ+poupvtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutosv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpproopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?133


pP[JpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qu3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qu@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUppX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTsX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHquX[z[L.W[QpP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qsQ^XSSQpvo W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpX[7LpxrQ[\S vwuvqs \L+bIg9[M[ J+trqwtvt <qspSWQj  Ă&#x2DC;]-Ĺ&#x2021;J[-@59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxqrquJ+povstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppoqs qu 

otqoqo\Oj[LovssouÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[S[\H<oxotot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrppsJ+rvtvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpotqpo u qMJ

rqrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotqoqoÄĄovouoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqwposu pq pMJ

S[\HovpuorÄĄoxqtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrpuÄĄotpwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqptxqs v pMJ

potppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpproptÄĄpqqrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;uuqppt ps sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrwroÄĄpopvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrvorÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourstu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<ovssouJ+ttwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqpwos qv (

J+rxqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxqrquJ+povst

Â&#x201E;OT]sprts po pMJ

ovssouJ+ttwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<ouqorsJ+

QĂžTwwpvrs px rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxssrsÄĄpproptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsqxÄĄotsoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Ç?Çłwporrqp px sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowswÄĄortsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqtovÄĄ

U\Lpopvswpv qs sMJ

potppoÄĄpprspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuspÄĄoprtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^ouqppt p qMJ

ortvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9S[\H<oxotpxJ+rxqqqvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxqrspJ+powqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxotpxJ+

rxqqqvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxotpxJ+rxqqqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxqrspJ+powqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxotpxJ+rxqqqvtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovsrtxJ+ttvttSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqrspJ+powqqt

SI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsrtxJ+ttvttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxqrspJ+powqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxotpxJ+rxqqqvtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovsrtxJ+ ttvttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpooupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousutp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?134


qP[JpxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qv3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qv@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUpqX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTtX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqvX[z[L.W[QqP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qtQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwtqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovssrsJ+ttxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptvpv qv 

ouqvtrJ+qsuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrqw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ttxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovorppJ+rsptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqssstv v qMJ

J+quswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoopxÄĄ

O^Ksqxqpqu pq pMJ

oppttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsssrÄĄporvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqqrwrv v pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostrrqÄĄourqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttspÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loursqx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqosx\Oj[LovssrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxqq qw (

J+rvrurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovssrsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sqpro po pMJ

\Oj[L<ouqvtrJ+qsuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<osospu

QĂžTwwrpst px rMJ

oroxruQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqosxÄĄovouqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvroÄĄ

Ç?Çłwporotp px sMJ

oxqstqÄĄpoovtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpsrtÄĄostrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopvsrrp qs sMJ

oppuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uupws ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^oupws p qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ososqxJ+qusxpoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrqoJ+rvrupvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovssqwJ+ttxvtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ososqxJ+qusxpoSI[+L[HO`V 99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrqo

J+rvrupvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owqrqoJ+rvrupvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovssqwJ+ttxvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrqo J+rvrupvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovssqwJ+ttxvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqvsvJ+qsupoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ovssqwJ+ttxvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqrqoJ+rvrupvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

ouqvsvJ+qsupoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpooqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousqtt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opowqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?135


rP[JpxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSsP[J>[Ńqw3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qw@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUprX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTuX[7Lvow…QcHqwX[z[L.W[QrP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ quQ^XSSQpvo

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ouqwoqJ+qsusvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqsvor qw 

„Wń[<owoupxJ+rutqro„Mj[I[+L[H-bƂV[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<otrwqoJ+ospqo„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J„R[;

„@[T[9rwqspq w qMJ

\JLotqppxġovouss„Mj[-X[ġovtxquġporvrs„Mj[

O^Ktoqwss pq qMJ

O[bS[S[\Hovtwpvġoxqsru„Mj[-X[ġoroxtrġortroq

Ƕ¾qqspvtt v qMJ

otpxqq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtxquġowtqox„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[ȉuupstr ps sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopvswġppturw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxprswġ

O^SH/Q[J[Loursop(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<otrwqoJ+ospqo„Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LíÊM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqqoos qx (

ouqwoqJ+qsusvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<ottxrtJ+rprtso

„OT]sqtxv po pMJ

O½H]M[H„O\LSMS<oqovssJ+qptuqt„Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;

QþTwwsuru px rMJ

-X[ġopptsqġoropov„Mj[-X[ġossurqġourptv„Mj[

Ǐdzwpoqwrq px sMJ

„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hpotottġpprsot„Mj[-X[ġortroqġ

U\Lpopvrwsr qs sMJ

ovtwpvġowspqu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrwtwġpopvsw„Mj[(

„9H^oupstr p qMJ

porsss„Mj[(

ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\QÊ„Wń[<owouppJ+rutqpoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ \QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ouqwptJ+qsvqoSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[ „W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„Wń[<owouppJ+rutqpoSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„Wń[<owouppJ+rutqpoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ouqwptJ+qsvqoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otrwprJ+ ospqtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouqwptJ+qsvqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„Wń[<

owouppJ+rutqpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otrwprJ+ospqtSI[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lotrotx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovsurp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxtwqp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqppqx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[oqqwsq„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lossqov„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourwtx

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UH„WŁ[owpvqq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxsuqp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpppwpr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oposqw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpopp„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď136


sP[JpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qx3\Vb9UQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUpsX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTvX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqxX[z[L.W[QsP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qvQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxtpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otrwqvJ+osprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprxtt

-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owputpJ+rvpvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rourqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<otpvtuJ+txsxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqpswqq x qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstooÄĄopptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowspotÄĄ

O^Ktprqqu pq qMJ

ortrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupsquÄĄovovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqqtqvqo v qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotqpswÄĄovooroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostqsqÄĄourpqs

S[Č&#x2030;uuppsq ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrrq(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<otpvtuJ+txsxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorpxos ro (

otrwqvJ+osprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<otqsqtJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]srtusu po qMJ

\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<pqrrpqJ+pvtwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<

QĂžTwxqu px rMJ

potosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvpsÄĄopsrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqutuÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpoququ px sMJ

ourpqsÄĄovpsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtpwÄĄorpsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopvrrtr qs sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourpqsÄĄovtqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortwsvÄĄotpxtp

Â&#x201E;9H^ouppsq p qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpussJ+rvpvqoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otrwqoJ+ospqoSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owpussJ+rvpvqoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

otpvtoJ+txswtqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpussJ+rvpvqoSI[+L[Hqrtvx pppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpussJ+rvpvqoSI[+L[H 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L

I[bL/\Oj[L<otrwqoJ+ospqoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otpvtoJ+txswtqtSI[+L[H 9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otrwqoJ+

ospqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otpvto J+txswtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqovrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosrwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourtor

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orouptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?137


tP[JpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUptX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTwX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpT[+OL.W[QtP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qwQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqoqoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<otpvsqJ+txswrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrtqv

owtvpwJ+rwtvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGL[;\Oj[L<otpvsq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OO\Oj[L<otqwroJ+opsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sstusv po qMJ

oxstovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtvqtÄĄoxqsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Ktqrqpv pq qMJ

ovpsovÄĄovtvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvpsÄĄorpoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqurutp v qMJ

ortrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvtxÄĄppturrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrop(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<otqwroJ+opsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losptpq rp (

J+txswrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜQ[J[L<otpxoxJ+qxtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sstsqv po qMJ

ppqqoqJ+pstxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoupstpÄĄ

QĂžTwxpwps px rMJ

otqqpvÄĄoupstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptqsÄĄoqovtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłwpoqsrq px sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosstspÄĄotrwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpoquÄĄ

U\Lpopvqxq qs sMJ

ppturrÄĄoprtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppusuÄĄoqrvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uuwrq ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ouwrq p qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvrrJ+rwtwpoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvrrJ+rwtwpoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvrrJ+rwtwpoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< otqwsuJ+optSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqwsuJ+optSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

ppqqpvJ+pstxuoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owtvrrJ+rwtwpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otqwsuJ+optSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqorrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosrspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourpov Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqturvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?138


uP[JpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rp@^T[/vwuO[+T[bJUpuX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTxX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpT[+OL.W[QuP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qxQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqosxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<otqwpuJ+oprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrqsr

S[\H<poowqpJ+sptrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oupoqsJ+ptvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spvsxrs pp qMJ

ÄĄovovstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvstÄĄopptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovprrt

O^Ktrqwr pq rMJ

ortqssÄĄotrvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroopsÄĄortqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqvsuqx v rMJ

ostpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoppqÄĄowrxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqro(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<oupoqsJ+ptvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]

rp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotovrt p (

otqwpuJ+oprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otstrrJ+rotutvt

Â&#x201E;OT]sttqx po qMJ

\UO\Oj[L<portsqJ+prqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotqqsu

QĂžTwxrto px rMJ

ÄĄoxqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrtoÄĄoqqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłwpoqqsx px sMJ

9^\T9S[\HopsrtvÄĄoqqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorprqpÄĄ

U\Lpopvqsw qs sMJ

porspqÄĄppttrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uutqp ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^outqp p qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<poowruJ+sptsrtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oupopvJ+ptvrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupopvJ+ ptvrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsu

vpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poowruJ+sptsrtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqt

qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqwpoJ+oprroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poowruJ+sptsrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otqwpoJ+oprroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<poowruJ+sptsrtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupopvJ+ptvrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqwpoJ+oprroS I[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupopvJ+ptvrtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otqwpoJ+oprroSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJS[\H<poowruJ+sptsrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT

/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oupopvJ+ptvrtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owotrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppouquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqtqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?139


vP[JpxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]p.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUpvX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpoX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqT[+OL.W[QvP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ roQ^XSSQpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqppxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ouoxqvJ+pttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osroqv

S[\H<ppswrsJ+surpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovqosqJ+stqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9toqvsp pq qMJ

porvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptosÄĄoqtxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqqoÄĄ

O^Ktspxro pq rMJ

pprrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssosÄĄorpotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqqwtupq v rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovoprqÄĄowrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprssrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourptv(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ovqosqJ+stqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotttto q (

ouoxqvJ+pttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ousptpJ+rrpuro

Â&#x201E;OT]susxts po rMJ

\Oj[L<poprpoJ+pqssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLowoorpÄĄ

QĂžTwxtqqr px rMJ

otrvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqxruÄĄovprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqrqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpoqppx px sMJ

opptosÄĄoqovqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvppÄĄopoorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopvpxpr qs sMJ

orpropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtposÄĄoxpqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uuqpo ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ouqpo p qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<ppswqvJ+surSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppswqvJ+ surSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppswqv J+surSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<ouoxspJ+ptutSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<ppswqvJ+surSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouoxspJ+ptutS I[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqotvJ+strtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouoxspJ+ ptutSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<ppswqvJ+surSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqotvJ+strtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?140


wP[JpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;rMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]q.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUpwX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTppX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHrT[+OL.W[QwP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQp WNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ovpxstJ+stotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqvrq

optrruJ+tpprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<ovpxstJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owtttqJ+wsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<popqrr

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpqtqto pr pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxstqwÄĄppropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortpttÄĄotrurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kttuqp pq rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqovprÄĄortpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqrorÄĄ

ǜžroup v sMJ

potoouÄĄpprrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuqpÄĄoprsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uttwtx ps sMJ

osoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpqs(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<owtttqJ+wsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lousoow r (

stotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owotouJ+rusrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]svsvso po rMJ

J+pqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotqrsrÄĄovowqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwpopoqp px sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpqroÄĄoxqrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssppÄĄotqpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwpoqoo px sMJ

potoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppropoÄĄpqqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lpopvpspv qs sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsooqÄĄpopwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrwrtÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^ottwtx p qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<optrqwJ+tpprpoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< optrqwJ+tpprpoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S

W[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpxtxJ+stosoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<optrqwJ+tpprpoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owttstJ+

wswtqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpxtxJ+stosoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <owttstJ+wswtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovpxtxJ+ stosoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<optrqwJ+tpprpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owttstJ+wswtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?141


xP[JpxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSpoP[J>[ŃsMijL[PQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]r.;ƆvwuO[+T[bJUpxX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpqX[7Lvow…QcHsT[+OL.W[QxP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQq WNSpvoØ];bLU>H^I­]\W\ĭ\OL[bj9M_@[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqpvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ \Oj[L<owtsrrJ+wsttqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqrpq s 

\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<owtsrrJ+wsttqt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxsxtxJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoosqġorppqxQbXŃbR[;\JL

„@[T[9tqtvqu ps pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstrsġporvtp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqqsrġ

O^Kttswqo pq rMJ

ostopwġouqwpx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppttpwġoppvor„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourosx(

MčQ]LíÊ\>Ê[\Oj[L<ospvsqJ+tvpqrt„Mj[I[+L[Hlj[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovqpot s (

spsqvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;ǶP\Oj[L<poropwJ+pqstpt„Mj[

„OT]swstqw po rMJ

otqspqġovowst„Mj[-X[ġporvtpġoppsso„Mj[(

QþTwpoqwtt px sMJ

pooupw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpqpvġostopw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ǐdzwpopwtr px sMJ Ƕ¾rppttt v sMJ

U\Lpopvxqo qs sMJ S[ȉutttsw ps sMJ „9H^otttsw p qMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L O[9;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<oxsxtqJ+spspoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ospvrtJ+tvpqpvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍ

OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S

„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ S[\H<oxsxtqJ+spspoSI[+L[H

„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH \Oj[L<ospvrtJ+tvpqpvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[

„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owtsswJ+wsuroSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ  L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<poswrrJ+prqxsqtSI[+L[H<S

W[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L

XO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtsswJ+wsuroSI[+L[H„OT

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poswrrJ+prqxsqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owtsswJ+wsuroSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ospvrtJ+tvpqpvtSI[+L[H

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[bjbJ\Oj[L<poswrrJ+prqxsqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovqqtu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxrsss„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lppsvts„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

„OL^9[oqotou„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lospwrq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Louptqs„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovtrst„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxqqsu„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpotsrw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpqsotr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsuru„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otorqw„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď142


poP[JpxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;tMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]s.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUqoX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTprX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHtT[+OL.W[QpoP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ rWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<posvqoJ+prqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqrpq s 

outqpuJ+rrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<posvqoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<ppopoqJ+psottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uvpsqr pt pMJ

-X[ÄĄoppsqwÄĄoqtwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrpuÄĄouqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktuqtpp pq rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposxsqÄĄpprrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttqtÄĄotqqsu

ǜžrqqttu v sMJ

owrwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsoqtÄĄpopwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louropr(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<ospuqrJ+tvxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqpot s (

prqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<ppswppJ+sttwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sxsrpv po rMJ

\JLotqssoÄĄovoxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoppuÄĄporvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwposws px sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovttooÄĄoxqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorppssÄĄorttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwpopvtx px sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoppuÄĄowtrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovttooÄĄ

U\Lpopvsqq qs sMJ

popwpvÄĄpptupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxppquÄĄporrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;uttqrw ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ottqrw p qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<outqroJ+rrwqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outqroJ+rrwqtSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<posvpsJ+prquqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<outqroJ+rrwqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

outqroJ+rrwqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<posvpsJ+prquqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<posvpsJ+prquqt

SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<outqroJ+ rrwqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxroswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppsrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?143


ppP[JpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSpqP[J>[ŃuMijL[PQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]t.;ƆvwuO[+T[bJUqpX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpsX[7Lvow…QcHuT[+OL.W[QppP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ sWNSpvoØ]Ø]OTbJOJ[1S@bʼn[¢WO „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ \Oj[L<pqswsvJ+pwqxvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovpvow t 

<oxqwrvJ+povro„Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<pqswsv

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

O\G@„R[;ÓƬ\Oj[L<pprwrtJ+ptrrrvt„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń

„@[T[9upxputx pt sMJ

posxqx„Mj[-X[ġpqputxġopssqx„Mj[-X[ġoqqwpsġ

O^Ktutuso pq sMJ

ouqutwġovposs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprrsvġorpprp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rrruq w pMJ

„Mj[(9[TS[\Houqutwġovsxoo„Mj[-X[ġosopprġotqrpt

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxru(

WŌQ]LíÊlj[H]\Oj[L<outppvJ+rrtqqt„Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovtxqw t (

J+pwqxvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<optosqJ+tpqsqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]spospx po sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxststġoppsps„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howrwpsġ

QþTwppvsu px sMJ

orttss„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupvpuġovoxqr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzwpopvpv px sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotqtowġovoqtq„Mj[-X[ġossxptġouqutw

U\Lpoputxqr qs sMJ

„Mj[(

S[ȉutsxqv ps sMJ „9H^otsxqv p qMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<outppoJ+rrttSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxqwtqJ+powvtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­ „JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxqwtqJ+powvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9

Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<outppoJ+ rrttSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxqwtqJ+powvtSI[+L[Hprtvxpo pqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxqwtqJ+powvtSI[+L[H 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outppoJ+rrttSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

pqsxooJ+pwqxsoSI[+L[H\ÊM^ƃSbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqwtqJ+powvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<pqsxooJ+pwqxsoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<outppoJ+rrttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pqsxooJ+pwqxsoSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqwtqJ+powvtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovptot„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxquts„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lppsooq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

„OL^9[optvps„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Losposp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Louovrq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovstts„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxpsts„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hposusv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpqrrop„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrwst„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttru„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď144


pqP[JpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;vMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]u.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUqqX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTptX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHvT[+OL.W[QpqP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ tWNSpvoĂ&#x2DC;]T\TH[WĹ&#x152;Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrsrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxtoJ+qrrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowoxqv u 

9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxtoJ+qrrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pvupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoupvrxÄĄoxsttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vppwsu pu sMJ

oupvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsopÄĄoqouorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpoouÄĄ

O^Ktvqqro pq sMJ

ossqppÄĄotrspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpqpsÄĄortuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrssupr w pMJ

oprrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvppÄĄoqrxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwtw(

I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<oxqvrxJ+pottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howruox u (

orsvswJ+tttsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<pqpuowJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spprxr po sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovtrtuÄĄoxqpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqtrvÄĄ

QĂžTwppqwq px sMJ

ovtrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputtÄĄorpqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłwpopusu px sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopwqqÄĄpptttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptttvÄĄ

U\Lpoputsqr qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;utsupu ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^otsupu p qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxqvrpJ+posstSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxqvrpJ+posstSI[+L[Hp rtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxqvrpJ+posstS

I[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxsrJ+qrroptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqvrpJ+posstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxsrJ+qrroptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxsrJ+qrroptSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< oxqvrpJ+posstSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxsrJ+qrroptSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppruouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosoustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovsptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?145


prP[JpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;wMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUqrX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpuX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHwT[+OL.W[QprP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQuWNSpvoĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[Ć&#x2020;Q]Ă&#x2DC;]Q\HS[K[S[L]S@SQ\JL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqspqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ossoqwJ+qwuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxoorp v 

Q[J[L<ossoqwJ+qwuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otqxswJ+owpo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotquosÄĄovpoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvtqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vprqrpt pv sMJ

oqqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsxsoÄĄotrrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

O^Ktvsqqw pq sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpospÄĄosswovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovorrpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwpx(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ppttsqJ+pupstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpqoq v (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<pqsuovJ+pwqovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]spqrutw po sMJ

opprsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoxqwÄĄoxqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqttÄĄ

QĂžTwppswto px sMJ

\JLoqtvsqÄĄorsxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssrxÄĄoqqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwpopuqw px sMJ

owsotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporqrrÄĄpptstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrtturo w pMJ

U\Lpopusxqr qs sMJ S[Č&#x2030;utsrt ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^otsrt p qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pptttuJ+pupssoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pptttuJ+pupsso SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pptttuJ+pupssoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ossosrJ+qwurvtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ossosrJ+qwurvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pptttuJ+pupssoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ossosrJ+qwurvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovovpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosoqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovrwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxovoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?146


psP[JpxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;xMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUqsX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpvX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHxT[+OL.W[QpsP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ vWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqssoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<oupqsrJ+rpttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxtosv w 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otqwsxJ+otsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoqqtJ+pwtxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqtrrtr pw rMJ

oqtvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxpoÄĄotrqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqstoÄĄ

O^Ktvtuqq pq sMJ

orpqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopprrpÄĄoqotqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžrvutq w qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoprqtwÄĄorpoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsvpxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvrx(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovrtJ+qpsqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxsvtx w (

oupqsrJ+rpttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ousxsxJ+rqvqt

Â&#x201E;OT]sprrstt pp pMJ

Ă&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowoqpqÄĄporvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopprrpÄĄ

QĂžTwpqpox px sMJ

ovowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqosvÄĄpprqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsssrÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpopuqp px sMJ

pqpustÄĄopoossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovorsxÄĄowspovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopussqq qs sMJ

oxoxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;utrxts ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^otrxts p qMJ

Ç?ÇłO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ouopoxJ+ pqurqt U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovqvJ+qpsqpvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovqvJ+qpsqpvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqovqvJ+qpsqpvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oupqruJ+rpttpoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ( \Oj[L<otqxorJ+oupvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqovqvJ+qpsqpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<oupqruJ+rpttpoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovorpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovrsou

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxorovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?147


ptP[JpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;poMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUqtX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpwX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpoT[+OL.W[QptP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQwWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovpxqtJ+rsspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lposost x 

M_O­[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ousxppJ+rqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opooqpJ+pwtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wvtrsv px rMJ

oxsuopÄĄppqxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswsoÄĄotrqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ktwsr pq sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqotorÄĄorswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqoqqÄĄ

ǜžrwpvqo w qMJ

poswroÄĄpprqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttrqÄĄoprqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;utruss ps sMJ

osoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqutw(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orttrxJ+qupprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoqsto x (

<ovpxqtJ+rsspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovsqqwJ+trvrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]spsrqtt pp pMJ

I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvooÄĄovporuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTwpqrqo px sMJ

ovowoxÄĄoxqoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsssvÄĄotqtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwpopuqv px sMJ

poswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxrwÄĄpqqpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lpopurxqp qs rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsppuÄĄpopwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrxtrÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^otruss p qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orttrqJ+quppqoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV

\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LS MS<orttrqJ+quppqoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orttrqJ+quppqoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovpxsoJ+

rsspsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovpxsoJ+rsspsoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ousxorJ+rqtvtSI[+L[HM^S[ Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovpxsoJ+rsspsoS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?148


puP[JpxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ppMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUquX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpxX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHppT[+OL.W[QpuP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQxWNSpvoĂ&#x2DC;]M[cÇ&#x2C6;9­[JU]M\SO\H­L]59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtrvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovtvqoJ+rupssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpprotp po 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovsptpJ+truÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<pqruqoJ+pvtqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqoqtrt qo rMJ

otqvqvÄĄovpotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvswÄĄoppqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktwtqr pq sMJ

poosotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroxqpÄĄossuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqupv(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Q[J[L<otptsoJ+qxrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpporqu po (

ovtvqoJ+rupssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<owosrpJ+urprqt

Â&#x201E;OT]sptrotu pp pMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoosqÄĄorproxQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

QĂžTwpqtsqp px sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuosÄĄporvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpxtuÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpopust px sMJ

ossuqoÄĄouqrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptsqwÄĄoppvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrxqvtq w qMJ

U\Lpopursqo qs rMJ S[Č&#x2030;utrrrr ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^otrrrr p qMJ

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twqppvt U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<otptrrJ+qxroptSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owosqsJ+urpptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owosqsJ+

urpptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsu vpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otptrrJ+qxroptSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otptrrJ+qxroptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otptrrJ+qxroptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovtvprJ+rupsqtS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovtvprJ+rupsqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovsqotJ+trurtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otptrrJ+qxroptS I[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovtvprJ+rupsqtSI[+L[H :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouttquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqupt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqprqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?149


pvP[JpxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pqMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pp.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUqvX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqoX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpqT[+OL.W[QpvP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpoWNSpvoĂ&#x2DC;]O[QL@jÄź] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owortsJ+ruroÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqqpqs pp 

Q[J[L<ouotqwJ+rprrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovttrvJ+uwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xrppqp qp qMJ

ÄĄovppppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoqtoÄĄporvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppqspÄĄ

O^Ktwoqp pq sMJ

oxpxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorprqqÄĄortvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžrporwro w rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowoqtoÄĄowtsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtpopÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;utroqq ps sMJ

popwqsÄĄppttpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxowquÄĄporpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtrs(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotqvts\Oj[LoxsuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppssrq pp (

owospuJ+urottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owortsJ+ruroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]spuqwtx pp pMJ

\Oj[L<ppsvswJ+ptsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvts

QĂžTwprpvpq px sMJ

oqtttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrxpuÄĄouqqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtpopÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpopvps px sMJ

posvtwÄĄpprqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvruÄĄotquosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopuqxqo qs rMJ

owrtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsprsÄĄpopwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^otroqq p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ouotqoJ+rprrrtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L< ouotqoJ+rprrrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouotqoJ+rprrrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<oworsvJ+ruqxsqtSI[+L[HP[H

H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouotqoJ+ rprrrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<oworsvJ+ruqxsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

oworsvJ+ruqxsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owosowJ+urortSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouotqoJ+rprrrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[ <oworsvJ+ruqxsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxorpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqqpx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqoxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqptoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?150


pwP[JpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;prMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUqwX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqpX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHprT[+OL.W[QpwP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQppWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqurqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ovrxtpJ+rtqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqqx pq 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovttsrJ+uwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<porstoJ+pqsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpupqqs qq qMJ

oxsuoxÄĄoppqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrssrÄĄposvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktvswtv pq sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoupxttÄĄovppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqpsuÄĄ

ǜžrppsxpq w rMJ

otqwqpÄĄovotoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosstotÄĄouqpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsto(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Q[J[L<ouqstxJ+rqqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqwsx pq (

ovrxtpJ+rtqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovpuqwJ+sqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]spvqvt pp qMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owtvtwJ+wsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwprsorq qo pMJ

pqpupwÄĄopsstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqxpuÄĄortvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwpopvtu px sMJ

ovouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprpssÄĄorowqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpopuqspx qs rMJ

ouqpsuÄĄovsstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosorquÄĄotqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;utqvpp ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^otqvpp p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ouqstpJ+rqqpptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovpusrJ+sqxsvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpusrJ+

sqxsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouqstpJ+rqqpptSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpu pwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ Q[J[L<ovrxssJ+rtqwqvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

ovttrtJ+uwtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ouqstpJ+rqqpptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovrxssJ+rtqwqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovpwqr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqotroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqppprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?151


pxP[JpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;psMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pr.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUqxX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqqX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpsT[+OL.W[QpxP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpqWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvooO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<oususoJ+rrpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqortt pr 

UH\PV[9SG;S\Oj[L<ovputsJ+sroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owtwqtJ+wssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqxqxpt qr qMJ

ÄĄoxsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsxsuÄĄoxpwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Ktvrpqq pq sMJ

ovotqqÄĄovsxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuppÄĄorprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpqtxuo w rMJ

ortwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwqpÄĄpptstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsot(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L<oupuotJ+rptwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oppusr pr (

oususoJ+rrpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ouoxtvJ+pspsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]spwqtpq pp qMJ

W^9Q­[\Oj[L<outxpuJ+rsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouqopu

QĂžTwpssqp qo pMJ

otqwswÄĄouqopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppqouÄĄoqorrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłwpopwto px sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosrwooÄĄotqxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorprsvÄĄ

U\Lpopupxpx qs rMJ

pptstrÄĄoprpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvpsÄĄoqsoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;utqso ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^otqso p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovpuswJ+sroSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<oupttuJ+rptvtoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpuswJ+sroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpu pwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<oupttuJ+rptvtoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<oupttuJ+ rptvtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ousuttJ+rrptpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ousuttJ+

rrptpvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovpuswJ+sroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ousuttJ+rrptpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotruotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovpsqv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqoprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?152


qoP[JpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ptMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUroX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqrX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHptT[+OL.W[QqoP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQprWNSpvoĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]QÄ°[;OH@jÄź] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<otqvttJ+qxtusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqttpw ps 

M_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ouposuJ+psrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<outxsrJ+rsupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poprprs qs qMJ

ÄĄovpqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvruÄĄopppsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovosrw

O^Ktvvsw pq sMJ

orsttwÄĄotqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtsrsÄĄorsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpspotq w sMJ

ossrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovotruÄĄowsptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrpx(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Q[J[L<otspprJ+roqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqowqq ps (

otqvttJ+qxtusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<osrxspJ+tvtsuo

Â&#x201E;OT]spxqrqp pp qMJ

K`\H\Oj[L<osspovJ+tvtwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotqxps

QĂžTwpsqwrv qo pMJ

ÄĄoxpwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprprrÄĄoqqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłwpopxtt px sMJ

9^\T9S[\HopstopÄĄoqqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorovqtÄĄ

U\Lpopupsqo qs rMJ

poroqrÄĄpptrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;utqoto ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^otqoto p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<otspouJ+roqxsoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otqvsvJ+qxtuqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

otspouJ+roqxsoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otqvsvJ+qxtuqqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otspouJ+roqxsoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otspouJ+roqxsoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\L

I[bL/Q[J[L<otqvsvJ+qxtuqqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouporwJ+psrroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otqvsvJ+qxtuqqtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otspouJ+roqxsoS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpposrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovporp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoppqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqorqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?153


qpP[JpxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;puMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUrpX[7LpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqsX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpuT[+OL.W[QqpP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpsWNSpvoMjT[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;X\QT \MH`MĂ­  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvtsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsutoJ+qtsqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorsuos pt 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ossoovJ+tvtutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+trputqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<ossprqJ+tvtxrvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poquswpt qt rMJ

\JLoworruÄĄporvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopppqvÄĄoqtsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kturwrw pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxpvruÄĄpprppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstoqÄĄorpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrptqpto w sMJ

opooqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovottrÄĄowsqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqrr(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJQ[J[L<osssquJ+qwutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ororqx pt (

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsutoJ+qtsqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oqswtq

Â&#x201E;OT]sqoqprr pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<oqoustJ+tprprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTwpstrqp qo pMJ

-X[ÄĄorstqrÄĄotqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupxpxÄĄovortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłwpoqppq px sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopppqvÄĄoqoqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpttsÄĄ

U\Lpopuxqq qs rMJ

oprosqÄĄoroutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsqtrÄĄoxouqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;utpvrx ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^otpvrx p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsusrJ+qtsqrtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS

JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ossspxJ+qwurtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X

9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsusrJ+qtsqrtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ossspxJ+qwurtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ossspxJ+qwurtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LS

MS<orsusrJ+qtsqrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VQ[J[L<ossspxJ+qwurtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[ 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsusrJ+qtsqrtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsusrJ+

qtsqrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ossspxJ+qwurtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppoossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovourt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrtrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?154


qqP[JpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pvMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUpP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqtX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpvT[+OL.W[QqqP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQptWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvssJ+qossqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrtrw pu 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvssJ+qossqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pppxorJ+ssrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotroovÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppposvqr qu rMJ

otqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovorowÄĄoxpvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstorÄĄ

O^Ktusqp pq rMJ

oxpvouÄĄposuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwspÄĄpqpxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpurqtq w sMJ

oproqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsqpqÄĄpopwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpsu(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orroooJ+qstxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osopqt pu (

O\G@\Oj[L<oosqrtJ+swotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;S[\H<

Â&#x201E;OT]sqppxsu pp rMJ

ovpqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsupsÄĄppqwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssswÄĄ

QĂžTwptpwrp qo pMJ

otqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoqqpÄĄorssswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłwpoqqsp px sMJ

9^\T9S[\HposuqtÄĄpprpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptspvÄĄ

U\Lpopusqs qs rMJ

oqsotrÄĄososrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;utpsqw ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^otpsqw p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxtpJ+qstxqoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswooJ+qosssqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxtp J+qstxqoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxtpJ+qstxqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS

<opswooJ+qosssqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswooJ+qosssqtS

I[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ( Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswooJ+qosssqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqxtpJ+qstxqoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovoqrx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoorrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppsxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opttqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?155


qrP[JpxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\ÊM^S[ŕrwwv9T½[ŕ„WgSqsP[J>[ŃpwMijL[PQ[X[vowU9[ŕwsr\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pv.;ƆvwuO[+T[bJUqP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTquX[7Lvow…QcHpwT[+OL.W[QqrP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpuWNSpvo

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<pprtqpJ+ptpq„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqrrw pv 

MS<oqoqpsJ+qppxpqt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxpqsuJ+xpsqvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;O`\ĭ

„@[T[9ppqstuqw qv rMJ

orpsrsQbXŃbR[;\JLotrorrġovpqsx„Mj[-X[ġporvqqġ

O^Kttqtrt pq rMJ

oxpuruġpoopqp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorottpġosspss„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rpvsrtw x pMJ

„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqotv(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<oxpqsuJ+xpsqvt„Mj[I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊ„SOH]„O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otopqr pv (

pprtqpJ+ptpq„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<poqtoxJ+sqpuro„Mj[

„OT]sqqpwq pp rMJ

„Wń[<owqqopJ+rvwso„Mj[I[+L[HǝO-Q`HbR[;S[\Hopoopxġ

QþTwptssv qo pMJ

opposv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsupsġporvqq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzwpoqsqq px sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosspssġoupvrv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptrpqġoppvou

U\Lpopttxqw qs rMJ S[ȉutpppv ps sMJ „9H^otpppv p qMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ„O\LSMS<oqoqouJ+qppwtqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn„Wń[<owqptsJ+rvwqqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\U í\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9 „W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprtpsJ+

ptppsqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ „Wń[<owqptsJ+rvwqqtS I[+L[H„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<oqoqouJ+qppwtqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<oqoqouJ+qppwtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/

QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprtpsJ+ptppsqtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< oxproqJ+xptvtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprtpsJ+ptppsqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oqoqouJ+qppwtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[; „J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxproqJ+xptvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Louqvtr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowrxsq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpotqtq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH „OL^9[oppoor„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orqrqx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotqoqp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Loutwsq

„Mj[(Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owqvsr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxtxru„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hppsttp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optprs„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowqu„Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\ď156


qsP[JpxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pxMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pw.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUrP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqvX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpxT[+OL.W[QqsP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ pvWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxpsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxprtuJ+xpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupoop pw 

pqqupoJ+pvpvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxprtuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ousvoqJ+rxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oxpqqv p rMJ

ovprotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowosowÄĄporvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppoquÄĄ

O^Ktssrs pq rMJ

oxpuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpsssÄĄortxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžrpwttpo x pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowosowÄĄowttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsuqtÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;utwu ps sMJ

popwoxÄĄpptrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxostqÄĄpoqwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqoow(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<ousvoqJ+rxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louoqrr px (

xpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owootpJ+rupssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqrpuqo pp rMJ

otpxprJ+qxrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrotxÄĄ

QĂžTwpupow qo pMJ

oqtqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrsrxÄĄoupustÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsuqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpoqupt px sMJ

poststÄĄpprortÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortxrsÄĄotqxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpopttsrr qs rMJ

owrpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqqtÄĄpopwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^otwu p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pqquoqJ+pvpvrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<postpsJ+prsrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupw qoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqquoqJ+pvpvrvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<postpsJ+prsrtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqquoqJ+pvpvrvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<postpsJ+prsrtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<postpsJ+prsrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxprswJ+xpvqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousuttJ+rwsvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxprswJ+xpvqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L< pqquoqJ+pvpvrvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ousuttJ+ rwsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opouovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Loutssv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppspttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?157


qtP[JpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qoMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]px.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUsP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqwX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqoT[+OL.W[QqtP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ pwWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ouswppJ+rpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louttot px 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<posupoJ+pruttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<ouswppJ+rpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<otrsqsJ+rovro

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqrrpuo q sMJ

O½[<[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqprtqJ+qpsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Ktrtvso pq rMJ

pqptpsÄĄopstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroooÄĄortxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqouqu x qMJ

ovooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxpqÄĄorosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;utstt ps sMJ

oupttqÄĄovsoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosotqvÄĄotqxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxpx(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<osqpsoJ+tvtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovosqr qo (

9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<oxouquJ+wtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;OT]sqspsso pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osqpsoJ+tvtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;

QĂžTwpururt qo pMJ

oxsupsÄĄoppootÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrorwÄĄpostqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpoqwpx px sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouqqqqÄĄovprqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupttqÄĄ

U\Lpoptsxrx qs rMJ

otrpqsÄĄovoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossopxÄĄoupttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^otstt p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<posuorJ+prurvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otrsrxJ+rowvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<oxouqoJ+wtvqoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otrsrxJ+rowvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posuorJ+prurvtS I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxouqoJ+wtvqoSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt

pvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<posuorJ+prurvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<posuorJ+prurvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osqprrJ+

tvtqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<oxouqoJ+wtvqoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ouswotJ+rppsqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osqprrJ+tvtqqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouswotJ+rppsqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<osqprrJ+tvtqqtSI[+L[H\JL

JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxouqoJ+wtvqoSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpostooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotpqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoutotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?158


quP[JpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qqMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qo.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUtP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqxX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqqT[+OL.W[QquP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ pxWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotroovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<osqqsxJ+tvwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrxqt qo 

<oxovrtJ+xoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<ovrrrvJ+tsqvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orposxJ+qswrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqootw

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pvtprs r sMJ

I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<owpposJ+urwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Ktrpopx pq qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrptoÄĄouqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxsrÄĄoqooru

ǜžrqppvsu x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrrpsÄĄotqsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorptotÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;utpst ps sMJ

pptrqtÄĄopqwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopputuÄĄoqspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwqw(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<oqootwJ+tppqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowours qp (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osqqsxJ+tvwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqtprq pp sMJ

J+tppqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<pppoqoJ+psvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTwpvrqt qo qMJ

ouqqsqÄĄoxsuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovstooÄĄoxptopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwporort px sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovooooÄĄovstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptorÄĄorptot

U\Lpoptsssv qs rMJ

osooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwopÄĄpptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^otpst p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxovqvJ+xovtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovrrtpJ+ttqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxovqvJ+xovtSI[+L[H

O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxovqvJ+xovtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrrtpJ+

ttqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrrtpJ+ttqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<oxovqvJ+xovtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oqoppsJ+tpprroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqoppsJ+tpprroSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxovqvJ+xovtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqoppsJ+

tpprroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovrrtpJ+ttqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoupuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orppsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotowrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?159


qvP[JpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qrMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUuP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTroX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqrT[+OL.W[QqvP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqoWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrorrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ S[\H<pptoqpJ+stsupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqrsv qp 

<oupprvJ+prwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pqtsswJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<owpptoJ+usoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqqvrv s sMJ

ovprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporutxÄĄopoxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutxoxÄĄ

O^Ktqqqr pq qMJ

orspsrÄĄotqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtotuÄĄorspsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqqqxpp x qMJ

osrwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovovqxÄĄowsqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvrv(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<ovrsstJ+tvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxowtv qq (

pwqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<pptoqpJ+stsupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]squppqu pp sMJ

otqprrJ+txrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrqptÄĄ

QĂžTwpvroso qo qMJ

oxpsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxrsÄĄoqqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłwporrq px sMJ

9^\T9S[\HopsssuÄĄoqqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLororrwÄĄ

U\Lpoptrxtu qs rMJ

poqvruÄĄpptqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ustwrs ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ostwrs p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovrsrwJ+tvSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<pptopsJ+stsuSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oupproJ+ prwvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[  \Oj[L<ovrsrwJ+tvSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ S[\H<pptops J+stsuSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovrsrwJ+tvSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<oupproJ+prwvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrsrwJ+tvSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<pptopsJ+stsuSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ovrsrwJ+tvSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<pptopsJ+stsuSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oupproJ+prwvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoupqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotosrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpproowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?160


qwP[JpxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qsMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUvP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTrpX[7LvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqsT[+OL.W[QqwP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqpWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrotxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxtrqtJ+sotqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxoxoq qq 

<ototorJ+twtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxopruJ+wsqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qupusv t sMJ

tqtxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLowossvÄĄporutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktprrts pq qMJ

O[bS[S[\HouprppÄĄoutwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxprsxÄĄppqxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrqrsoso x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpsqvÄĄpqtxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovovssÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;usttqr ps sMJ

ovrvtpÄĄoxoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupust(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oupqqsJ+psoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoppqq qr (

potopxJ+prptpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<oxtrqtJ+sotqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sqvxtq pq pMJ

<otqqqoJ+txrtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<oqsspwJ+

QĂžTwpvtwpv qo qMJ

-X[ÄĄopowtxÄĄoqtoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspotÄĄotqqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłwportso px sMJ

-X[ÄĄopssstÄĄorptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopowtxÄĄoptxsp

U\Lpoptrtw qs rMJ

owsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqvtxÄĄorororÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^osttqr p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oupqptJ+psoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<otostuJ+twtosoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupqptJ+psoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupqptJ+psoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otostuJ+

twtosoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otostuJ+twtosoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtrsoJ+

sotrrqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oupqptJ+psoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<

oxtrsoJ+sotrrqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otostuJ+twtosoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouowptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH \Oj[LpqtoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orortpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotoosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lourxor

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?161


qxP[JpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qtMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qr.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUwP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTpP[JvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqtT[+OL.W[QqxP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqqWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptprJ+rusuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtttw qr 

<ospvtvJ+tutqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxoqoo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovrsrpJ+trrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqopur v pMJ

ovpspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsuoxÄĄppqvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoquÄĄ

O^Ktosuts pq qMJ

otrotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxpqÄĄorsoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžrqstqpr x rMJ

9^\T9S[\HposrstÄĄppqxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqspÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ustqpq ps sMJ

oqsppwÄĄosouowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupttq(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<ototroJ+twtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppprqu qs (

J+wsrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptprJ+rusuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]sqwwqp pq pMJ

ooqqtrJ+svsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrouÄĄ

QĂžTwpwqupw qo qMJ

otqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvrpÄĄoxprptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssssÄĄ

Ç?Çłwporwro px sMJ

oxprptÄĄposrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvqqÄĄpqpvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpoptroqp qs rMJ

opqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsqtrÄĄpopvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^ostqpq p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ooqqstJ+svsvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ospvtpJ+tutptqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxoqpsJ+wsrttSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ooqqstJ+svsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C 9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ospvtpJ+

tutptqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ospvtpJ+tutptqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ospvtpJ+tutptqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptqvJ+rusutvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxoqpsJ+wsrttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptqvJ+rusutvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ospvtpJ+tutptqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouospwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxruopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?162


roP[JpxrQ[\SW[9TbWLpxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;quMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qs.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUxP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTqP[JvowÂ&#x2026;QcHquT[+OL.W[QroP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqrWNSpvoĂ&#x2DC;]/\Ĺ S[59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrptoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovooopJ+rrrvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpostpp qs 

\Oj[L<ortstwJ+tttrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ourptuJ+qqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rsqtq w pMJ

pqtxqrÄĄorptqsQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrrroÄĄovpsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktoqr pq qMJ

porurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpqspÄĄoxtwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžrqurtp x rMJ

9[TS[\HpptpqqÄĄoppuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupstx(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<ospwqqJ+tutrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqpsrp qt (

ovrstuJ+tsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovooopJ+rrrvpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqxutq pq pMJ

M\S<S[\H<poqopoJ+sptvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QĂžTwpwtsso qo qMJ

-X[ÄĄporurwÄĄopowpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuovÄĄ

Ç?Çłwposprq px sMJ

oroptrÄĄosruruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosruruÄĄouppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpoptqtrv qs rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ussxp ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^ossxp p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ortstpJ+tttrqqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovrstoJ+tsqoSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ortstpJ+tttrqqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ortstpJ+tttrqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<outxtsJ+

rrrvSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outxtsJ+rrrvSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrstoJ+tsqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<outxtsJ+rrrvS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortstpJ+tttrqqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?163


rpP[JpxrQ[\S/bS/pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUpoP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTrP[JvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqvT[+OL.W[QrpP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qsWNSpvoĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]\OÇ&#x2C6;9Q­[M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ouppouJ+rprruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprutu qt 

-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ortxooJ+tuqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ottvquJ+otwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpvrtqq x pMJ

ovpssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowotprÄĄporurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovsxÄĄ

O^Ksqxqopw pq pMJ

oxpqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorptrrÄĄosootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžrqvptrr x sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowotprÄĄowttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovspptÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ussttp ps sMJ

popvruÄĄpptqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoosuÄĄpoqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsot(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrrtt\Oj[LoxsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprsq qu (

ourptxJ+qqupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ouppouJ+rprruo

Â&#x201E;OT]totqt pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrwsrJ+rvsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrttÄĄ

QĂžTwpxqrqs qo qMJ

oqswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqxrqÄĄoupoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovspptÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpossss px sMJ

posqtwÄĄppqwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosootwÄĄotrptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpoptqott qs rMJ

owquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsroqÄĄpopvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^ossttp p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ortwtrJ+tuqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ

\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ourqprJ+qqusvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L <ortwtrJ+tuqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ortwtrJ+tuqqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspu

pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ortwtrJ+tuqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouppooJ+rprrstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ouppooJ+rprrstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourqprJ+qqusvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;

Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouppooJ+rprrstSI[+L[H O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ortwtrJ+tuqqtS I[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowowpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?164


p.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxrQ[\SI[+>[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUppP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTsP[JvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqwT[+OL.W[Qp.\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQ qtWNSpvo W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/roP[JpxrQ[\S vwuwqs W[9TbWL J+tsrpro <rqoSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ottpqqJ+rosrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqrpoo qu 

\Oj[L<osrqrpJ+tvqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ottrrpJ+osvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sotqqr po pMJ

otrsqoÄĄouqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptopÄĄoxsuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqwsqqx pq pMJ

pqtxowÄĄoqropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqropoÄĄorptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqwqvqo x sMJ

outstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqupvÄĄoroospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ussqso ps sMJ

9[TS[\HouoxqvÄĄovrsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoutsÄĄotrqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprpp(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ortxorJ+tuqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpooo qv (

ottvroJ+otwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ottpqqJ+rosrrvt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpso pq qMJ

\WÄ­Q[J[L<ovqorwJ+rsqusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTwpxtqro qo qMJ

pqpvosÄĄorrwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqwsuÄĄouoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłwposww px sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouqssoÄĄovptopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouoxqvÄĄ

U\Lpoptpupu qs rMJ

otrsqoÄĄovowsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrtosÄĄouoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^ossqso p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<osrqsuJ+tvqutSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottvqqJ+otwrvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osrqsuJ+tvqutSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osrqsuJ+tvqutSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ottprvJ+rossptSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ottvqqJ+otwrvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ottprvJ+rossptSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<osrqsuJ+tvqutSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowosqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpopvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LossstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?165


q.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qv.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUpqP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTtP[JvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqxT[+OL.W[Qq.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQquWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ouoqtuJ+rppproÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opquss

\Oj[L<otrurxJ+ossvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<ouqorsJ+ptsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sprtrrt pp pMJ

ÄĄowttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpustÄĄorrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Howqtqo

O^Ksqwxpv pq pMJ

otrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosqwooÄĄotpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžrqxrxpo x sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopvqsÄĄpptprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptprvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqpu(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<osrqpqJ+tvqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

qv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loroqso qw (

ottrpqJ+osvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L<ouoqtuJ+rppproÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tqqrw pq qMJ

Q[J[L<ouqvorJ+rqppsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLouqstx

QĂžTwqoqptu qo rMJ

ÄĄoxtursÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqsÄĄopssrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqropsÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpotpsr px sMJ

osqwooÄĄotpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpttoÄĄosopqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpoptpprx qs rMJ

opqttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppuovÄĄoqsprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;usrxqx ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^osrxqx p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otrutrJ+otqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottrotJ+osutqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrutrJ+otqqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrutrJ+otqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otrutrJ+otqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ouoqsxJ+rppppqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ottrotJ+osutqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ouoqsxJ+rppppqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otrutrJ+ otqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotswrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosspoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovswqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

r.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;roMÄłL[PQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qw.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUprP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTuP[JvowÂ&#x2026;QcHroT[+OL.W[Qr.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQqvWNSpvoQX[Tj[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;T\QT

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?166


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<oustqwJ+rqtutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqrpp

\Oj[L<ovpopwJ+rtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ovpwrsJ+spwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9squrxrp pp sMJ

ovptqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowttsvÄĄppqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqsrxÄĄ

O^Ksqvsppx pq pMJ

oqsutsÄĄorrvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssrtÄĄoqropvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsotps po pMJ

owsrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqsrvÄĄpptopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louppqo(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<otruqoJ+oruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortpqt qx (

ouqoptJ+ptrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Q[J[L<oustqwJ+rqtuto

Â&#x201E;OT]trppw pq qMJ

Q[J[L<ottvrsJ+rotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtoxÄĄ

QĂžTwqotpsq qo rMJ

ppqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqropvÄĄorpttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłwpottqx px sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoqtxqvÄĄosrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoxpqÄĄ

U\Lpoptvt qs rMJ S[Č&#x2030;usrupw ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^osrupw p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otruprJ+orsqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ottvqwJ+rotutoSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<ovporqJ+rtwqvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otruprJ+orsqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ottvqwJ+rotutoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<oustsqJ+rqtvqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otruprJ+orsqt SI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovporqJ+rtwqvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopq psptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

otruprJ+orsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovporqJ+rtwqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otruprJ+orsqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<oustsqJ+rqtvqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otruprJ+ orsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<oustsqJ+rqtvqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovporqJ+ rtwqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotssrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpooxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqquswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouptqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppoqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opowpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?167


s.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pJbQ[JSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qx.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUpsP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTvP[JvowÂ&#x2026;QcHpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qs.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQqwWNSpvoÂ&#x201E;QS[Q[X[SMjT[\JL Q^W\TQMSO.b:\S>[X[SW^Ç&#x192;[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovtvroJ+rttttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orpxqt

XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<oxpopsJ+wtusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owsrrtJ+vtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9txppqv pq sMJ

ouqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovptspÄĄppquoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqrtwÄĄ

O^Ksqvpxq pq pMJ

orpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvsrÄĄotrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžsqrr po pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpqtuÄĄpqtwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoxquÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;usrrv ps sMJ

ovrqqvÄĄowtwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoqs(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ovoxrwJ+rtupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losruqr ro (

ovpvrqJ+spttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovtvroJ+rttttqt

Â&#x201E;OT]trtxuo pq rMJ

Q[J[L<ottoqtJ+rorwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtrrÄĄ

QĂžTwqpqpsw qo rMJ

oxoxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxttrrÄĄpqpqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssrqÄĄ

Ç?Çłwpotxqt px sMJ

ouourtÄĄowqrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoupoÄĄoptupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lpoptqrs qs rMJ

owsrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqstvÄĄoqtwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^osrrv p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovoxroJ+rtttqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxpoouJ+wtuqqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovoxroJ+rtttqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxpoouJ+wtuqqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovoxroJ+rtttqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<ovoxroJ+rtttqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovtvqsJ+rtttrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[ :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovtvqsJ+rtttrvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT

/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovoxroJ+rtttqt SI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovtvqsJ+rtttrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxpoouJ+

wtuqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpootsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovsorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oposqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S193

M[\Ä?168


t.\Ç&#x2C6;LpxrQ[\S/LW[/LW[pxu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwwv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qJbQ[JSQ[X[vowU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wsr\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ro.;Ć&#x2020;vwuO[+T[bJUptP[JpxrP[SH]j\W\PTwP[JvowÂ&#x2026;QcHqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qt.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQqxWNSpvo

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<oxrsopJ+rxtupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ospssq

O[TO\Oj[L<owsqrqJ+vsvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxrsopJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrttvÄĄouqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpttsÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqprpqv pr sMJ

ovrvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxoxoxÄĄorpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Ksqvqsu pq pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqtsvÄĄpqptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposotuÄĄ

ǜžsrptu po pMJ

owsrqqÄĄpopvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsptoÄĄosovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxqv(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<oxoxpqJ+wtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotpwor rp (

rxtupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹQ[J[L<ouoqsrJ+rpvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tstwss pq rMJ

owottrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportsxÄĄopotstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutpqxÄĄ

QĂžTwqptqps qo rMJ

ouqttuÄĄovpttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HopttsrÄĄosqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłwpprrr px sMJ

ppqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptosvÄĄopqsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lpopstwu qs rMJ S[Č&#x2030;usqxtv ps sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^osqxtv p qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxoxosJ+wtrsvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<poroosJ+pqptpvtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

\Oj[L<pprorrJ+pssuroSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<poroosJ+pqptpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxoxosJ+wtrsvtSI[+L[Hqsuv xppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pprorrJ+pssuroSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr

qtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxoxosJ+wtrsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxrrttJ+rxttttS I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pprorrJ+pssuroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxrrttJ+rxttttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/ S[\H<oxrrttJ+rxttttSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owsqqtJ+vsvpoS

I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V