Page 1

185


Q[\S185

M[\ď0


Iu bgt kÖxm~hŠ¨vq ci eªÞ‥Y bgt

Bgvi ‥mbvLqvZ

weòzwcÖqv gwYcyix Vvii cyivbv cvwÄ m~hŠwm×vť�i gvwnj Mbvwb A‥m MbvwbiKv gvaecyii cweÎ ivmi RvMv Anvb‥i †K›`ªM aivwb ABj AÿZzc: 24.31º Jqvs `ªvwNgvZzc: 91.84º gyO mgqi jqvM: 6º gyO

gvwi 185 DĂ‹g wmsn

‥cŠwi http://www.pouri.org

wbDBqKŠ, wZjcvivóª

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?1


9I[.9>^\C

\Q\OĆ‹^\Ă‘j[Q\GM^S]D[STM[\Ä?.X[L\L9[T[\LQbLj[„;T;[9HOWSK\Sj[XŇ[9bSg\SH[(QSW[KL[-X[LSNTX[L .\XT“M[\Ä?â€? L[=SWNC7j½[SX[LT(QS5bS“M[\Ä?â€? L[=S;L95X[LTȉĪ[X[\S\JL9[SL[;/M^S[OWS.X[S

M[\Ä?X[L;L[\L59bSS(M[\Ä?;L[\LS9[\J@[HSQ[\X.bWp(W^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźO[bS[q(\Oǜĭ\WÄ­[ÄźO[J`9\WÄ­[Äź(W^R­½

\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X5H[M^S[L[9[bTÄĄ>\Tj[.bXQ[\XÂ&#x201E;RH[TO[@[bS>bTSO[+T[Sj[QM[\Ä?;L[\L-S(\Qbjg/bQW^R­½\WÄ­[Äź Q[\X/Tj[M[\Ä?5X[LQ_\H­M[T9ST^(/+bS@]9½[bTÄš[SÂ&#x201E;>j[M^S[L[\JL.X[LX[SM[\LO[S/\HX[WS<CL[S\JL.X[L \OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LL^\=\9Ǣ.Q[SM[\Ä?5H[S\JLH[\S:O[bS[\H\I\L9[T[\L5X[LX[\OÄĄ\XL9[QX[L(-X[bL.\Q X[\Ç M^S[L[\JLH[\S:5H[/bQ/+bS\@TQ[\Hj[S(H[I9j[QS5bSČ&#x2030;S9[XĤ[5X[bLÂ&#x201E;R9^LM^S[L[H[\S:\H\I

\OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LO[SL[L[L;bOVL[S9[bQT[;H/-X[LÂ&#x2026;Ç&#x2C6;bLj(.Q[SP[SH1MQX[bJUSQ^+O[S[HÂ&#x201E;RÂ&#x201E;RWL-Ĺ&#x2022;O[ M[\Ä?O½[OX[S9S[\L-S-H[X[\Ç 5bM/HÂ&#x201E;>ĹŻS[\LHXĤ[.X[bLgI^/T^(

OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;SQ[\S5X[L9^ĹĄ[;[ÄĄ>[T^-bWX[L-X[LQ[H[\L\XL(9^L;/Q[ÄĄ[S[O[JU[X.9ObS\L9[T[bWX[LO[bS[ 9HH[/Q[ÄĄ[S[S[@[UU[+9/\L9[T[bWX[L(\Q-W[bJÂ&#x201E;9[L6\HX[\W9H9­HR[L[L[QL[1\S(5Q[\Spspx/bT

.\@9[ÄĄpspxOWS.b;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;-9S[\L-bW5W[bJÂ&#x201E;TM9\Sj[pOĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;ÄĄ-9\Sj[X[\SQ[\SSM[\Ä?.X[LU[H9ST^(

\X@\S\X@\SH[\S:;L[\LSL[L[LMÄ­\H>[T^-bW-H[X[\OH:[\LL[:[\LÂ&#x201E;RW[bJ1T[TS(-X[bLQSMÄ­\H 9^bjH O[bS[Q[/žWNCMÄ­\HS:[\LW+Ć&#x2019;[S9\Sj[ 5X[bHgp\JLÂ&#x201E;XTO[9Q/bHM[bS(\X@\SH[\S:Â&#x201E;TM9S[\LS>^ĹĄ[

MÄ­\HX[L/TH[/I[\>S\M?S\JbLÂ&#x201E;OT];O^S[\LSI[+L[H@^T[9X[LÂ&#x201E;J:bT-\JLS\M?S\JbLM/T[Q[W(Â&#x201E;J:[\L5X[bHg Â&#x201E;ObWM-/bHM[bSÂ&#x201E;Q<[T[/bTÂ&#x201E;R;Â&#x201E;>/H/-;S>[L[X[LÂ&#x201E;W+L[/bTO[Â&#x201E;9[L@[;[X[ÄĄÂ&#x201E;>/H[S[5W[bJ(-X[bL

O[+T[bJbU/bQWS9[\S@[H]j>[*JÂ&#x201E;J:[9\Q\CbjÂ&#x201E;RX[LÂ&#x201E;TM9SH[/-X[LS;b@I[Ĺ°\Jj[\X@\SH[\S:O[bS[MO­ Â&#x201E;TM9S[\L-S(

O[+T[bJUO[+T[bJUSO[+T[59[bEQ]bjÂ&#x201E;RO[+T[M[\Ä?SW+Ć&#x2019;[S9bS\W-X[L/bQâ&#x20AC;&#x153;O[+T[bJUâ&#x20AC;? O^\Tj[Â&#x201E;JL[-/T( Q[\XW^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X/Tj[\JLO[SMSOXO[WQjR[Ă&#x160;[\H\ILĂ­Ă&#x160;9SLÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă XƤ^C.\J;LbT1 Â&#x201E;OL]b@[T[9\L9^T[\LO^S[\LĂ XLO[bS[TĂś5H[Č&#x2030;ÄŞ[J`9\WÄ­[Äź/Tj[;L[\L-/T(

Â&#x201E;RH[S;bOVL[O[bS[9Q­ĥM[+T[9M[W^H[ 1. Shree Ajit Krishnan, MHora-v0.2.

2. Shree Michio Yano (http://www.cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp/~yanom/) articles, and Pancanga (version 3.13). 3. Shree Vinay Jha (http://jyotirvidya.wetpaint.com/), Shree Surya Siddhanta releted all articles. 4Ă&#x2DC;]W_R­½\WÄ­[ÄźÇ&#x2030;[Q]\OÄ&#x152;[L[LĹ prpuW[TÂ&#x201E;OT^hQD9\T9[H[(

5. Indian Astronomy: An Introduction By S. Balachandra Rao, Year 2000, Universities Press.

6. Indian Calendric System, by Commodore S.K. Chatterjee (Retd.), Year 1998, Publication Division, MOIB, Govt of India.

My special thanks for their tools:

1. Microsoft for Visual Studio 2010 & Hijri Calendar.

2. Swiss Ephemeris (http://www.astro.com/swisseph/) for swedll32.dll

T\QbH;[X[\Ç S[+Â&#x201E;X/>[.X[LQS5bSČ&#x2030;Çł9[Q5X[HÂ&#x201E;9[LT[TI[/bTHS[9QbSO[b;/O[+\QT;[T;Â&#x201E;RW[bJ1 >^Q9SH1(

1ĥQ\W+X\L1/j9­pspxWL

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?2


\L+bIgǶ¾Qľ]@^T[9M[\LS-\KM\HǏdzO[bS[N[jNWTS-\KM\HbOT](

=========================================================

p…OU[:pwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSq…OU[:>[ŃpxQK^W^KLQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qqQ[>­vvwO[+T[bJUw…>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTp…>Hvoo…QcHpxU\@O^.W[QpOX[;

M[=[LQ^W\TQpv@Q[\J1WW[\Lpup W[+¾[\ļX\QH/ro…>HpwsQ[\S vvwrqp I[+>[ J+qoqrrt <psxS WQj 

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottvqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ \Oj[L<pqrptpJ+purrtvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louqxps qq 

O[TO\Oj[L<pqrptpJ+purrtvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<oprrqt

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<ovpvpqJ+rqxtvt„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<

„@[T[9vptrtv pv sMJ

oxpsqx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottrprġousptu„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kppqssttw qv rMJ

pqqtoqġorrtrt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosquroġotptpr„Mj[(

Ƕ¾opoqpps p sMJ

pptwrt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptwrtġopqxtt„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqrp(

MčQ]LíÊ-L^S[K[\Oj[L<owoqtuJ+tqpso„Mj[I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louqwqq qr (

J+sxporo„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ousqpwJ+qot

„OT]oorwqx p pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLousptuġoxtusv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovrxprġ

QþTrrrqpr w pMJ

oppprxġoqooqq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtprsġovrxpr„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzopostts p sMJ

9^\T9S[\Horrtrtġosqrps„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqvpsġ

U\Lvpwputo pw pMJ

oprorqġoqtxtq„Mj[(

S[ȉpppvtppq qv pMJ

„9H^tpvtppq pr rMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<owoqswJ+tqpqoSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<porvptJ+pptotSI[+L[HKL^

S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn @^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ousqpoJ+ptxstSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[\Oj[L<porvptJ+pptotSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owoqsw

J+tqpqoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<porvptJ+pptotSI[+L[Hqrtvx

pppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L< owoqswJ+tqpqoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<porvptJ+pptotSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqrqouJ+pursrtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ê[O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< ousqpoJ+ptxstSI[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owoqswJ+tqpqoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqrqouJ+pursrtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[bjbJ\Oj[L<porvptJ+pptotSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Q[\S185

M[\ď3


TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouprqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxrpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosoxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpotpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opotpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qoQK^W^KLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qrQ[>­vvwO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqoU\@O^.W[QqOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpw@Q[\J1WW[\Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottuqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrosoJ+qprrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqotv qr 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrosoJ+qprrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rqvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<ovspsrJ+srrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqvrvpv pw sMJ

opppquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutptoÄĄoxpsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprvouÄĄ

O^Kppqurwru qv rMJ

oqsxorÄĄorrvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptxssÄĄoqsvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoxsusu p rMJ

owttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporpsrÄĄpqootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqtq(

I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<porttwJ+ppsutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loutwqs qs (

orqtsuJ+trtruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<ovpupoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oprvv p pMJ

\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLottqpoÄĄovqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpostopÄĄ

QĂžTrrttrx w pMJ

oqsvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrvtqÄĄotptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłoppoqp p sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoropptÄĄosrqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovqrspÄĄ

U\Lvpwpsqw pw pMJ S[Č&#x2030;pppvswq qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvswq pr rMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<porupqJ+ppsvqvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovpuqsJ+rqvtvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L <porupqJ+ppsvqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porupqJ+ppsvqvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspu pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<porupqJ+ppsvqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrotsJ+qprspqtSI[+L[H\LQ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovpuqsJ+rqvtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<porupqJ+ppsvqvtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrots J+qprspqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouoxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovspqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LoupvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opoppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?4


rÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qpQK^W^KLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qsQ[>­vvwO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqpU\@O^.W[QrOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpx@Q[\J1WW[\Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotttqoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ospsqrJ+qtttrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howprps qs 

pvrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGO\G@Q[J[L<ospsqrJ+qtttrqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

M\S<\Oj[L<ovspopJ+srqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<ovtpotJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wxssx px rMJ

-X[ÄĄoppppsÄĄoqsxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrvtuÄĄotptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Kppqwrppx qv sMJ

-X[ÄĄoptxowÄĄorrsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppppsÄĄoqooow

ǜžoxppq p rMJ

owtsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqxrsÄĄoropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louorps(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<pqtuooJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovroqs qt (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ostxopJ+tvsxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrtsr p pMJ

stxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLowpvsxÄĄpossrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrspxqr w pMJ

S[\HouosrwÄĄoutqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsquÄĄpprusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłopppssw p sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqqspsÄĄopppspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovqqswÄĄ

U\Lvpwpptx pw pMJ

ovrrruÄĄoxoqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppvsstp qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvsstp pr rMJ

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<oosrotJ+ svxtvt ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<pqtupuJ+pvsoptSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovsotrJ+srpsvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pqtupuJ+pvsoptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ospsruJ+qttutSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ospsruJ+ qttutSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovsotrJ+srpsvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pqtupuJ+pvsoptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ospsruJ+qttutSI[+L[H

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L \H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouotrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosopsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouprqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?5


sÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qqQK^W^KLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qtQ[>­vvwO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqqU\@O^.W[QsOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqo@Q[\J1WW[\Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottspuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<otrtstJ+qxqprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxouso qt 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ostvtwJ+tvsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<ovtoqsJ+stwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqptxo qo rMJ

ovqworÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxttoqÄĄpprropÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwooÄĄ

O^Kooqsr p pMJ

otttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqooopÄĄorrwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžowrsps p rMJ

9^\T9S[\HposxowÄĄppruqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptvrpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppvspsp qv pMJ

oqtvstÄĄosqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorrt(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttrrJ+qqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowotrp qu (

otrtstJ+qxqprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouousrJ+ospso

Â&#x201E;OT]orrspv p qMJ

\Oj[L<ovsospJ+srurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLottoorÄĄ

QĂžTrssrqs w pMJ

otpuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqqpÄĄoxpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptwrrÄĄ

Ç?Çłoppqxpu p sMJ

oxpsqtÄĄposxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprropÄĄpqqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpwxqu pw pMJ

opqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowtrsvÄĄpoqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvspsp pr rMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ tvqqpo ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttquJ+qqsotoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ououruJ+ospqqtSI[+L[HQ9S S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtopu J+stvttSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ououruJ+

ospqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttquJ+qqsotoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttquJ+qqsotoS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttquJ+qqsoto

SI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otruopJ+qxqqpvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otruopJ+ qxqqpvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtopuJ+stvtt SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LS MS<oqttquJ+qqsotoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otruopJ+qxqqpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouoprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouoxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?6


tÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qrQK^W^KLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]quQ[>­vvwO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqrU\@O^.W[QtOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqp@Q[\J1WW[\Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottrprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ouqxquJ+rprwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoopqq qu 

Ă&#x2DC;OG[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ououopJ+orxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<ovsoooJ+srstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xsqssp qp rMJ

orrqqxQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotsxooÄĄovqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrrqÄĄ

O^Koqpusu p pMJ

oxpsqsÄĄpooprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropptÄĄosrrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžovturv p rMJ

opqwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louortu(

I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[Q[J[L<osqwqwJ+quruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowsssv qv (

ouqxquJ+rprwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ousstsJ+qpxst

Â&#x201E;OT]osrqsw p qMJ

\Oj[L<ovovprJ+rptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;S[\HopposqÄĄ

QĂžTrtvsq w pMJ

opposwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtsqvÄĄposrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłoppsrsu p sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrrpwÄĄouotqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptxsxÄĄ

U\Lvpwusv pw pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppvrwro qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvrwro pr rMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osqwqpJ+qurtstSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouottsJ+orxrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osqwqp J+qurtstSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osqwqpJ+qurtstSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

osqwqpJ+qurtstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ouqxpxJ+rprwpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouottsJ+orxrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqwqpJ+qurtstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Q[J[L<ouqxpxJ+rprwpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouotrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?7


u…OU[:pwtQ[\S/bS/pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSv…OU[:>[ŃqsQK^W^KLQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qvQ[>­vvwO[+T[bJUpr…>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTu…>Hvoo…QcHqsU\@O^.W[QuOX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQqq @Q[\J1WW[\Lpup

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottqpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ Q[J[L<outqoxJ+rqrvtqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpotusx qv 

…H\HT\Oj[L<oussrsJ+qpwtt„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<outqoxJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\O\Ɔ„R[;W[K½\Oj[L<ovoutsJ+rpsst„Mj[I[+L[HǶP\Oj[L<

„@[T[9xpvrrq qq rMJ

ovqupx„Mj[-X[ġowptroġposror„Mj[-X[ġopporuġ

O^Kosxqs p qMJ

oxpsqq„Mj[-X[ġorrpsrġospwtr„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

Ƕ¾ovpwqs p rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowptroġoxossp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovsooqġ

S[ȉpppvrtpx qv pMJ

poqsruġpptusx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxoqrtġporpop„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louospv(

JUQ]LíÊØOG[Q[J[L<otrqpsJ+qxpwt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqxot qw (

rqrvtqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<outqoxJ+qsoro„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]otrppw p qMJ

ouoxsoJ+otspvt„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;\JLotsvtvġ

QþTrtrqpv w pMJ

oqswtw„Mj[-X[ġosqvqoġouotsq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsooqġ

Ǐdzopptwpu p sMJ

poswsqġpprttq„Mj[-X[ġospwtrġottrpr„Mj[(

U\Lvpwsr pw pMJ

owqvpq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtqqrġpoqsru„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^tpvrtpx pr rMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[Q[J[L<otrqovJ+qxpvsvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ouoxrrJ+otsSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\U ǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9

@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oussqwJ+

qpwsoSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouoxrrJ+otsS

I[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpx qpqrqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<otrqovJ+qxpvsvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L

XO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otrqovJ+qxpvsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outqqrJ+rqrwqvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oussqwJ+qpwsoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otrqovJ+qxpvsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<outqqrJ+rqrwqvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Lottrsv„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovqtrw„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxppsw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pppvqv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[oprspw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orsxtq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Louopsp„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owpsto„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hporqop„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqstro„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsqqw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqotp„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď8


vÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qtQK^W^KLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qwQ[>­vvwO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqtU\@O^.W[QvOX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQqr @Q[\J1WW[\Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottpouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ousrtrJ+rqpxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptptu qw 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<outptoJ+qrxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<ouoxsqJ+otsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqxtvx qr qMJ

ÄĄoppoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvpuÄĄposwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqqrw

O^Koupts p qMJ

ouruppÄĄovqtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HououorÄĄoutrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžourxtp p qMJ

ovpxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrrrxÄĄououorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HououorÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louosrw(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L<ouotopJ+rosqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpopwss qx (

ousrtrJ+rqpxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ouqwosJ+psqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ouqxst p qMJ

\Oj[L<ossvrvJ+tvrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtrpv

QĂžTrttvx w pMJ

ÄĄoptusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsrtqÄĄospwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłopqpqsv p sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqwtqÄĄoroppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsutsÄĄ

U\Lvpwpps pw pMJ

ovrspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqrtsÄĄottqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppvrqx qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvrqx pr rMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ouoxrtJ+otstSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ouotptJ+rosrptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouoxrtJ+otstSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqs qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouotptJ+rosrptSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ousrsuJ+rqpxrqtS

I[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouoxrtJ+otstSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ouotptJ+rosrptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ousrsuJ+rqpxrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oproqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?9


wÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;quQK^W^KLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qxQ[>­vvwO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHquU\@O^.W[QwOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqs@Q[\J1WW[\LpupĂ&#x2DC;]OÇł\IL]59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottoorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ouotqsJ+rosuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqstpo qx 

9SGOO\Oj[L<ouqwqwJ+psrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ouotqs

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<osswooJ+tvrqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popruqu qs qMJ

oxtqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsoqqÄĄoxpspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kovtspt p rMJ

outrqrÄĄovsoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqqptÄĄorropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžouppq p qMJ

ospvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqrrsÄĄpptuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louostx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Q[J[L<ouowsoJ+rotsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppprpt ro (

J+rosuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrtrqJ+txrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ovqwpo p rMJ

oroqtsJ+trpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLourtpsÄĄ

QĂžTruqqpv w pMJ

otsttqÄĄourtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppoppÄĄoptxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłopqqvpx p sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosqvsoÄĄotpvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorropoÄĄ

U\Lvpvtwpx pw pMJ

pptuowÄĄopqwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopqutoÄĄoqtstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppvqwtw qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvqwtw pr rMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ouowrqJ+rotstSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqwqpJ+psrrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouowrq J+rotstSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouowrqJ+rotstSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouotpvJ+rosttvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L <ouowrqJ+rotstSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouotpvJ+rosttvtSI[+L[H

M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqwqpJ+psrrvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouotpvJ+rosttvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouowrqJ+rotstSI[+L[H

\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxortvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppoxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osprooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otsqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?10


xÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qvQK^W^KLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]roQ[>­vvwO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqvU\@O^.W[QxOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqt@Q[\J1WW[\Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsxooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ostxprJ+qwrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprtov

M_O­P[Ă?MJQ[J[L<otsstvJ+qxtvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qwrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ospuqrJ+tupwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqurpqs qt qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotsstoÄĄovqrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpospruÄĄopoxtx

O^Koxsuqp p rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwqqÄĄotpvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtt

ǜžotqqss p qMJ

oroppvÄĄosrsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpvrsÄĄowtopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotqp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotssto\Oj[LoxtqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

ro O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqppqu rp (

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otrtrsJ+txrsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ostxpr

Â&#x201E;OT]owqurr p rMJ

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ootutvJ+swopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

QĂžTrusvso w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrrxÄĄoxpspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprstwÄĄoqsqro

Ç?Çłopqsptp p sMJ

ÄĄorrwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopttrvÄĄoqsqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvpvttqo pw pMJ

9[TS[\HpororoÄĄpptwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppvqtsv qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvqtsv pr rMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ostxotJ+qwrqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otstpoJ+qxtwptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X

9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ostxotJ+qwrqtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otstpoJ+qxtwptSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otstpoJ+qxtwptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ostxotJ+qwrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

otstpoJ+qxtwptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ostxotJ+qwrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<ostxotJ+qwrqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otstpoJ+qxtwptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [oworopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osoxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?11


poÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qwQK^W^KLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rpQ[>­vvwO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqwU\@O^.W[QpoOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqu@Q[\J1WW[\Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsvtvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwtsJ+qsqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqotw

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG;S\Oj[L<ospvoxJ+tuqosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tqxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HS[\H<porqrwJ+sptxro

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppopppu qu rMJ

opoxsvÄĄoqswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwqvÄĄotpvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kopprwpp p sMJ

opttoqÄĄorqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxsvÄĄoptxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžossssp p qMJ

owsxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqwqqÄĄoroppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louotsq(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJQ[J[L<ostvsxJ+qwqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

rp O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opppsp p (

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwtsJ+qsqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqrtrvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oxqstr p rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLowpqqvÄĄpospovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrvprpx w qMJ

ouovovÄĄoutrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpspvÄĄpprssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłopqtuqs p sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqqpqvÄĄopowptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpusqÄĄ

U\Lvpvtqpt pw pMJ

ovrstpÄĄoxoqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppvqqrv qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvqqrv pr rMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ostvsrJ+qwqpqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwswJ+qspxttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ostvsrJ+ qwqpqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ostvsrJ+qwqpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqwswJ+qspxttSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LS MS<orqwswJ+qspxttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ostvsrJ+qwqpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovoxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppopssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osotoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?12


ppÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qxQK^W^KLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqxU\@O^.W[QppOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqv@Q[\J1WW[\Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsutsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwquJ+pxsurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oroqss

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGU9^\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwquJ+pxsurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovtrpqJ+rtqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqsuÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqssqw qv rMJ

otpvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutspoÄĄoxpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptsqvÄĄ

O^Koprqxso q pMJ

oxpspuÄĄposvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppropwÄĄpqpxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžosvpw p qMJ

opqwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowswtuÄĄpoqqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lououor(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortorsJ+qtputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

p O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqsr q (

\Oj[L<ooruroJ+svpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]opoqrpq p sMJ

ovqqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtpooÄĄppropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwrqÄĄ

QĂžTrvrxpr w qMJ

otsvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxpsÄĄorrwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłoprpotv p sMJ

9^\T9S[\HposvsoÄĄpprsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttovÄĄ

U\Lvpvsxu pw pMJ

oqtqtoÄĄosqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppvpxqu qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvpxqu pr rMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortoqvJ+qtpurvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ovtrotJ+rtqrpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwpwJ+

pxsuptSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovtrotJ+rtqrpqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortoqvJ+qtpurvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortoqvJ+qtpurvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwpwJ+

pxsuptSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pprotqJ+psroptSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwpwJ+pxsuptSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortoqvJ+

qtpurvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pprotqJ+psroptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orropqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovttox Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/osoppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otropqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?13


pqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;roQK^W^KLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHroU\@O^.W[QpqOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqw@Q[\J1WW[\Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsttqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<pprqowJ+psrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orspov

MS<oqqwpoJ+qptrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGL[;\Oj[L<pprqow

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OO\Oj[L<oxprpoJ+wswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9owwss p rMJ

orqvotQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotspssÄĄovqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposoppÄĄ

O^Koptqosu q pMJ

oxpsptÄĄpoootpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppwÄĄosrsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžorrosx p qMJ

opqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououqs(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<oxprpoJ+wswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;O\LS

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorprtr r (

J+psrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜS[\H<poqrsrJ+spsqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oppqpqw p sMJ

otoptrJ+qwpvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;S[\HopovpuÄĄ

QĂžTrwtqp w qMJ

opoxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtoquÄĄposoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłoprqtrp q pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrsrsÄĄouovtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptvqqÄĄ

U\Lvpvsttp pw pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppvpupu qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvpupu pr rMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqwqtJ+qptsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqqwqtJ+qptsvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqwqtJ+qptsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<oxprqtJ+wsxpqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxprqtJ+wsxpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\L I[bL/\Oj[L<pprqooJ+psrrtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxprqtJ+wsxpqtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprqooJ+psrrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqwqtJ+

qptsvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxprqtJ+wsxpqtSI[+L[H :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovoqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowswprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovtpps

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoowqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/ortvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?14


pr…OU[:pwtQ[\S/bS/pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSps…OU[:>[Ńp\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]r5\ÑTvvwO[+T[bJUqo…>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTpr…>Hvoo…QcHp9[bTL.W[QprOX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQ qx@Q[\J1WW[\Lpup

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsstoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ \Oj[L<oxpspwJ+wtpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ospvpu

<pqttqpJ+pwsqt„Mj[I[+L[H9`\ġ9[9SGOO\Oj[L<oxpspwJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„9gTO\Oj[L<ouswtqJ+qtoqqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;.j^Ɛ[L

„@[T[9oqqqppv q rMJ

otsosrġovqoqr„Mj[-X[ġowpoprġporxsr„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kopvppqt q qMJ

ovspprġoxpsps„Mj[-X[ġorquqoġospqto„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqttqw p pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowpoprġoxooor„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovspprġ

S[ȉpppvprt qv pMJ

poqpopġpptsqv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxoqruġpoqxsx„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lououst(

\ƻH]j[\Oj[L<ouswtqJ+qtoqqt„Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LíÊPSG]\Oj[L

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losptqp s (

wtpqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„Wń[<owoqpxJ+rttpqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]opqpxsq p sMJ

„O\LSMS<oqoqpwJ+qotpqt„Mj[I[+L[H„WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTrwrpss w qMJ

opoxpqġoqswtq„Mj[-X[ġosqwrqġouowpp„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdzoprsou q pMJ

QbXŃbR[;S[\Hposvpuġpprrsu„Mj[-X[ġospqtoġotsttq

U\Lvpvsqrq pw pMJ

owqvsr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsvrtġpoqpop„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

„9H^tpvprt pr rMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<pqttpsJ+pwrstSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H„Wń[<owoqpqJ+rttppoSI[+L[HO`V S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[ \OM[H\Oj[L<ppptrpJ+prtvSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[

L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ „Wń[<owoqpqJ+rttppoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<pqttpsJ+

pwrstSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ppptrpJ+prtvSI[+L[Hprtuwpo

pqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L< oxpsppJ+wtpvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<pqttpsJ+pwrstSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/

\Oj[L<ouswstJ+qtotSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S „O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oxpsppJ+wtpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqttpsJ+ pwrstSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouswstJ+qtotSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

oxpsppJ+wtpvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouswstJ+qtotSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxpsppJ+wtpvtSI[+L[H

\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ouswstJ+qtotS I[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppptrpJ+prtvSI[+L[HL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Loutwov„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowsspv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lposxtu„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[ opousu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orqqqp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotrsox„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovsvpx„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hpoosqx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqpwoo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpstu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortrqp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqqqo„Mj[( Q[\S185

M[\ď15


psÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;q\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHq9[bTL.W[QpsOX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQp S@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<outoopJ+qtrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostqrq

<pppuquJ+prtxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<oxrtrwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otrupsJ+qxswsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9purwtq r rMJ

J+prpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<ovtqsoJ+trqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Kopxprs q qMJ

posvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpxtsÄĄoptqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrxoxÄĄ

ǜžoqqpqw p pMJ

ouowrrÄĄoutstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvssÄĄoropqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppvxts qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouowrrÄĄovrtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospvswÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louovov(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<osqqqtJ+tusustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotpvsw t (

xsxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<outoopJ+qtrpt

Â&#x201E;OT]oprpvts p sMJ

osqqqtJ+tusustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<potwqt

QĂžTrwtwqp w qMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsxpxÄĄopoxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvswÄĄ

Ç?Çłoprtsso q pMJ

ospptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqxrwÄĄovpxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lvpvrxx pw pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotrxsrÄĄovprpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrstvÄĄouowrr

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvxts pr rMJ

otsstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pppusoJ+prtxtqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxrttqJ+xtoqqtSI[+L[HO`V

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxpp prpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pppusoJ+prtxtqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqs quLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrttqJ+xtoqqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrttqJ+xtoqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<ousxtsJ+qtqtvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pppusoJ+prtxtqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousxtsJ+qtqtvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osqqrxJ+

tusvqoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ousxts J+qtqtvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pppusoJ+

prtxtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osqqrxJ+tusvqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[; \OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrttqJ+xtoqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opoqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotroprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpooorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqppooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?16


ptÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;s\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHs9[bTL.W[QptOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQqS@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<osqrrtJ+tusxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqwqw

<oxrusuJ+xtqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[\Oj[L<ovtxrsJ+ttqpo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpoqxJ+qrsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<optwro

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqotwo s sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ostorsJ+tvtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[

O^Koqotpw q rMJ

oxpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrwsqÄĄouqwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžopsxp p pMJ

pqpxrpÄĄorqssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqwtrÄĄotpwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppvuss qv pMJ

pptrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptrsxÄĄopqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louovqw(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<optwroJ+tosxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L

t O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqqps u (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG;S\Oj[L<osqrrtJ+tusxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opspus q pMJ

J+tosxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<ovtrsxJ+trtpt

QĂžTrxqtpp w qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouqwsrÄĄoxswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsprsÄĄ

Ç?Çłopsxpt q pMJ

opowtoÄĄoptwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttpsÄĄovsprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lvpvrtsp pw pMJ

9^\T9S[\HorqssxÄĄosppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqooqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvuss pr rMJ

opqrprÄĄoqtoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oxrurxJ+xtqqoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<optwstJ+totovtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

ovtxtoJ+ttqtoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<optwstJ+totovtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrurxJ+xtqqoS

I[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovtxtoJ+ttqtoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspu pvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oxrurxJ+xtqqoSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<optwstJ+totovtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<ovtxtoJ+ttqtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<optwstJ+totovtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtrspJ+trsttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrurxJ+xtqqoSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<optwstJ+totovtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovtxtoJ+ ttqtoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqovotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S185

M[\Ä?17


puÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;t\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHt9[bTL.W[QpuOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQrS@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspssO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ S[\H<ppsqoxJ+stwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lououst v 

ourqpoJ+qpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGOO\Oj[L<pqsxtoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ostpssJ+twqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qtptpo t sMJ

ovpvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporwqoÄĄopowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttrpÄĄ

O^Koqqsor q rMJ

orrwtwÄĄotpxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtpÄĄorrwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoppwpu p pMJ

osrtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpprxÄĄowstruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louovto(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<owoossJ+ttttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqxqt v (

pvtvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<ppsqoxJ+stwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]optpspq q pMJ

<opttqoJ+tosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvsqÄĄ

QĂžTrxtqpt w qMJ

oxpspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqtsÄĄoqrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłopsqrto q pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoptpruÄĄoqrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoropqrÄĄ

U\Lvpvrqw pw pMJ

poqxqoÄĄpptuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppvrrr qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpvrrr pr rMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owoorvJ+ttssvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ourqosJ+qptttSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owoorvJ+ttssvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ourqosJ+qptttSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owoorvJ+ttssvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppsqopJ+stwpvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ourqosJ+qptttSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/

S[\H<ppsqopJ+stwpvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owoorvJ+ttssvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<ppsqopJ+stwpvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ourqosJ+qptttSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orporrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqoupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqorowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otporrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?18


pv…OU[:pwtQ[\S„T/M[9M[pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSpw…OU[:>[Ńu\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]v5\ÑTvvwO[+T[bJUqs…>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTpv…>Hvoo…QcHu9[bTL.W[QpvOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQsS@Opup>ŁLVƊ]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsosrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ S[\H<oxrvpxJ+rxtxqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lououst v 

<otpwovJ+txprro„Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<porwro

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<owsoqtJ+vrxpt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;K`\HS[\H<

„@[T[9qpxquts u sMJ

porvtr„Mj[-X[ġopowqwġoqswtq„Mj[-X[ġorrxorġ

O^Koqsqwpv q sMJ

pprqrv„Mj[-X[ġoptpoqġorqrpx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ƕ¾oosxqs p pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovpotoġowsstv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqvpwġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louowpp(

WŌQ]LíÊ.Í­[\Oj[L<ourqtxJ+qpwpqt„Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovqxqt v (

J+pqrpuo„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<oxrvpxJ+rxtxqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]opupqpw q pMJ

ppoxsxJ+srtopvt„Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLowovpwġ

QþTrpopxrq w rMJ

otpxqv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houoxrxġouttsv„Mj[-X[ġoxpspqġ

Ǐdzopsrwqt q pMJ

opowqwġoptwso„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqpwsuġoposts„Mj[(

U\Lvpvqwrq pw pMJ

oropqt„Mj[(9[TS[\Hovruoxġoxoqso„Mj[(

S[ȉpppvoqr qv pMJ

„9H^tpvoqr pr rMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ourqtpJ+qpvtqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<otpvtxJ+txprpoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9

„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otpvtxJ+txprpoS I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt

quLíÊH\Oj[L<ourqtpJ+qpvtqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<otpvtx J+txprpoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS

„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ourqtpJ+qpvtqtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxrvpqJ+rxtwstSI[+L[H\ÊM^ƃSbJ[V \Oj[L<otpvtxJ+txprpoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxrvpqJ+rxtwstSI[+L[H H[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ourqtpJ+qpvtqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxrvpqJ+rxtwstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otpvtxJ+txprpoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lousqqr„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowqwrr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lporspq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtpor„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orourv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotpwqv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovrprs„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxswsv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqoqpt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optxpq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrvru„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otourv„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď19


pwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;v\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHv9[bTL.W[QpwOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQtS@OpupĂ&#x2DC;];Ăž[/Q[S@SQ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxsrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovsxoqJ+rtrosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousxow w 

osqpsoJ+tutstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG;S\Oj[L<owspptJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovoptqJ+rrtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrwqp

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rrrop w pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxsvoxÄĄppqvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxoxÄĄotpxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koquptss q sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwrtÄĄorrxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpspqÄĄ

ǜžooqqrs p pMJ

posupwÄĄpprqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqtqÄĄopqvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppputvpq qv pMJ

ospsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowrr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<otpwrrJ+txpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrxpw w (

vspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovsxoqJ+rtrosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]opvpoqp q qMJ

J+rvrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtssÄĄovpupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrposvq w rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoutuorÄĄoxpspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptoqxÄĄotsosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłopstqtx q pMJ

posupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvssÄĄpqpwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lvpvqstp pw pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsspwÄĄpopwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsworÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tputvpq pr rMJ

ǜžO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<orqstwJ+ tsrrt U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<osqprrJ+tutsrqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osqprrJ+

tutsrqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovswttJ+rtroroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osqprrJ+tutsrqtSI[+L[H L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovswttJ+rtroroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ovswttJ+rtroroSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owspowJ+vspqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovswttJ+

rtroroSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osqprrJ+tutsrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?20


pxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;w\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHw9[bTL.W[QpxOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQuS@OpupĂ&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WO-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ouqotuJ+rptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrvpw x 

orsvpsJ+ttrppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovoqqoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<otsuopJ+oqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<ouqrqwJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpvqpst x pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrsstÄĄovptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvooÄĄopowow

O^Koqwqpx r pMJ

pooooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropqwÄĄosrttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louowtt(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<osqqowJ+tuttuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtoqq x (

rruroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ouqotuJ+rptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;OT]opwwqr q qMJ

rptxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;S[\HoportxÄĄorqptp

QĂžTrpppsst w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsurwÄĄporvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpspqÄĄ

Ç?Çłoptvrs q pMJ

osrttuÄĄoupoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttorÄĄopqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqxtvtq qv sMJ U\Lvpvqpt pw pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppputsp qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^tputsp pr rMJ

ǜžO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twort U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orsvqvJ+ttrpstSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<otsttsJ+oqvtqtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;

H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otsttsJ+oqvtqtS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orsvqvJ+ttrpstSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ouqppqJ+rptrsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orsvqvJ+ttrpstSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ouqppqJ+rptrsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovoqprJ+rrupqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouqppqJ+rptrsoS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<orsvqvJ+ttrpstSI[+L[H XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoursroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?21


qoÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;x\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]po5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHx9[bTL.W[QqoOX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQ vS@OpupĂ&#x2DC;]W]H[LOQ]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otpvsqJ+qxpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrqox po 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otsuoxJ+oqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Q[J[L<osqwqqJ+qvpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sotxtu po pMJ

porursÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovtwÄĄoqswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqxsxÄĄ

O^Koqxsvtx r pMJ

osoutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposttuÄĄpprpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžppqxrtqs qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HovsqqxÄĄowqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsroqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppputotp qv pMJ

oxoqssÄĄpoqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxpv(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<orrwsqJ+ttpqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotxqt po (

otpvsqJ+qxpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ostuqwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opxuqr q qMJ

I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrsvÄĄovpssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowotppÄĄ

QĂžTrppsqso w rMJ

oupostÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqqxÄĄoxpspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqpovÄĄ

Ç?Çłoptqqx q pMJ

osoutxÄĄotrwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowotppÄĄowttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpvpvpu pw pMJ

popvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvrxÄĄpptqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tputotp pr rMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orrwtuJ+ttpqtqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<orrwtuJ+ttpqtqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otpvtvJ+qxpwSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orrwtuJ+ttpqtqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otpvtvJ+qxpwSI[+L[H 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

otsuqrJ+oqxtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L< otpvtvJ+qxpwSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<

orrwtuJ+ttpqtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oststoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?22


qpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;po\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpo9[bTL.W[QqpOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQwS@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrusrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ossqpoJ+qvtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrros pp 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ostursJ+twqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tvrwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?OÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtttwJ+qrqtqvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spsqrs pp pMJ

owqwqvÄĄpostsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvpwÄĄopswtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpprqrx r qMJ

9^\T9S[\HouppowÄĄoututsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqusuÄĄ

ǜžppqxptpu qv sMJ

osruqoÄĄouppowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouppowÄĄovrutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxrx(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ortwtxJ+tutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqoqsx pp (

Q[J[L<ossqpoJ+qvtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osruorJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqosqp q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstruÄĄopovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTrpqposu w rMJ

oqrsrvÄĄosoupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqrqrÄĄovprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoptrusr q pMJ

oroprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrqsxÄĄovovrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lvpvprqr pw pMJ

ospptrÄĄotrvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppusvso qv pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpusvso pr rMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ortwtqJ+tutvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ortwtqJ+tutvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ortwtqJ+tutvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

ortwtqJ+tutvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ossqqsJ+qvtprqtSI[+L[H 1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtttpJ+qrqtpoSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ossqqsJ+qvtprqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortwtqJ+tutvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotoqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?23


qqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpp9[bTL.W[QqqOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQxS@OpupĂ&#x2DC;]bQ[\XL]59[JU]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WOT\QH/ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtssO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<osrvpuJ+qvspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporvrs pq 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ossxroJ+twpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qvspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ossuptJ+twttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqvroro pq pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouqqrpÄĄoxstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqtqÄĄ

O^Kprpupq r qMJ

opovrxÄĄoptwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvppÄĄovsqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžppqwtvrp qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HorpxsoÄĄosotqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopussÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppussqx qv pMJ

oppxsuÄĄoqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoop(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ortwstJ+tustoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtwpt pq (

<osrttoJ+tvrvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<osrvpuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqpqpu q rMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvqoJ+qorupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G

QĂžTrpqrxt w rMJ

oxpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrptqÄĄouqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłopttppv q pMJ

pqputvÄĄorpxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosroprÄĄotqotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpvxqu pw pMJ

pptpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptpspÄĄopqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tpussqx pr rMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvpsJ+qoruqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ossxqrJ+twprsvtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opsvpsJ+qoruqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ossxqrJ+twprsvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ossxqrJ+

twprsvtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osrvoxJ+qvsotoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L< ossxqrJ+twprsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osrvoxJ+qvsotoSI[+L[H

M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsvpsJ+qoruqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osrvoxJ+qvsotoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossxqrJ+

twprsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowowtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovppttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?24


qrÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;>HpwsP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpq9[bTL.W[QqrOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpoS@OpupM^ÇłbV[ÄĄQÇł\ĂŤL]\M\MH9]Ç&#x161;z[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<otoqtwJ+qwsvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsqqo pr 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<osswttJ+twpqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otoqtwJ+qwsvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpoqqqo pr pMJ

MS<oporprJ+pwswqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrotuÄĄ

O^Kpstwrs r rMJ

oxpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprpopÄĄoqrrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžppqwsqpp qv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HopsvsvÄĄoqrrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroprxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppusppx qv pMJ

poqwqoÄĄpptrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoqr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrotu\Oj[LoxssrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opstqw pr (

ouoxtuJ+prxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<ossuorJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqqopo q rMJ

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otqvsxJ+txtsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GÂ&#x201E;O\LS

QĂžTrprvrt w rMJ

ovpqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportpxÄĄopovroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvqwÄĄ

Ç?Çłoputtp q pMJ

orrxsqÄĄotqpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtwÄĄorrxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpvtqu pw pMJ

osrusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovouorÄĄowsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tpusppx pr rMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oupopoJ+psoqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupopoJ+ psoqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otoqtpJ+qwsvqvtSI[+L[HP[H

H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oupopoJ+ psoqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otoqtpJ+qwsvqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otoqtpJ+

qwsvqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporouJ+

pwswtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otoqtpJ+qwsvqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oupopoJ+psoqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowostwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoporvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LoststoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?25


qs…OU[:pwtQ[\S„T/M[9M[pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSqt…OU[:>[Ńpr\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt

\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]ps5\ÑTvvwO[+T[bJUp…OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTqs…>Hvoo…QcHpr9[bTL.W[QqsOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQppS@Opup

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ottwtsJ+rppqpt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqsssv ps 

ovtwswJ+upspvt„Mj[I[+L[Hlj[H]9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<otqutqJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<ourvswJ+qtpsvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;OÅ\Oj[L<

„@[T[9tqqtxrr pr sMJ

porsts„Mj[-X[ġopovqqġoqsxoo„Mj[-X[ġorrxsxġ

O^Kpurxrx r rMJ

pprosu„Mj[-X[ġopsvptġorpwpt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ƕ¾ppqwqxqo qv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovotpvġowsors„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopquqtġ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupost(

>H^SJU]LíÊXƚ[\Oj[L<ouoxqqJ+prwqt„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqtsr ps (

txtqpo„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<ottwtsJ+rppqpt„Mj[I[+L[H;S

„OT]oqqtwq q rMJ

pqsqtoJ+pwqt„Mj[I[+L[H\W\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLowoqqvġ

QþTrprrupv w sMJ

otqpqv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpqpuġoutvsu„Mj[-X[ġoxpspuġ

Ǐdzopuqoqs q pMJ

opovqqġoptwpp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqpupuġopopsu„Mj[(

U\Lvpvpqq pw pMJ

oropsq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hovrvrtġoxoqtr„Mj[(

S[ȉpppurww qu sMJ „9H^tpurww pr qMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<ouoxpsJ+prwtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ourwoqJ+qtqqqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍ OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

ovtwspJ+upsSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[ Q[\C „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`V S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourwoqJ+qtqqqtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[

„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ouoxpsJ+prwtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ovtwspJ+upsSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ottxoxJ+rppqtqt

SI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouoxpsJ+prwtS

I[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ottxoxJ+

rppqtqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovtwspJ+ upsSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Loupstp„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowopor„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpoousp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqrrr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqrxou„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lostott„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovosor„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxqppu„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpprsss„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprpsp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpoot„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxou„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď26


qtÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ps\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHps9[bTL.W[QqtOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpqS@OpupĂ&#x2DC;]LS\W+X>H^­JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqsxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovqptrJ+rssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsrsv pt 

;S\Oj[L<ourutqJ+qsxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovqptrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<pqssqtJ+pwwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9utqrtq ps sMJ

orrxtuÄĄotqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutwosÄĄoxpspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpwpxqp r sMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxpspvÄĄpostouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqtqtÄĄ

ǜžppqwpwtv qv sMJ

pptotqÄĄopqupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrxtwÄĄpoptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louppow(

M_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<ovtvtqJ+upptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oroosu pt (

rssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owpqrvJ+utpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrtttq q sMJ

otqxotÄĄovpotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsrruÄĄppqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrpstx w sMJ

opsussÄĄotrrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwowÄĄorrxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłopurstv q pMJ

pqpupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpostouÄĄpprorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvputvps pw pMJ

9[TS[\HoqsrroÄĄosowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppurstw qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpurstw pr qMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovtvsuJ+uppsqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<poportJ+ppsuqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <ovtvsuJ+uppsqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poportJ+ppsuqtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovtvsuJ+uppsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovqqouJ+

rssqrqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poport J+ppsuqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; \Oj[L<poportJ+ppsuqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/

Q[J[L<ovqqouJ+rssqrqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ourvovJ+qtotSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovqqouJ+rssqrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poportJ+ppsuqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpproswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?27


quÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpt9[bTL.W[QquOX[;

M[=[LQ^W\TQprS@OpupĂ&#x2DC;]9^Q­@jÄź]Ă&#x2DC;]Q[KO]M_\G­Q[cOU[:]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O^Ä­M_\G­Q[ P;O[LO^Ä­S.\O­P[O\H\I Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;S N^TbJ[T;bĹ&#x201E;Ç&#x2C6;S]M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrptqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ S[\H<oxouqvJ+rxtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrxqv pu 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owppqpJ+usvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxouqv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pwtwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoottÄĄorputq

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upvrvso pt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsrowÄĄporsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpspxÄĄ

O^Kpxtvrq r sMJ

osrvquÄĄouprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptqtuÄĄoppvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louppro(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<pooxqvJ+ppsrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrqpx pu (

J+rxtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oporsoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqstrsp q sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqwpoÄĄovpooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsovÄĄopovou

QĂžTrpsrspr w sMJ

oxtxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropsxÄĄosrvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłopusxqx q qMJ

ǜžppqwppq qv sMJ U\Lvputrr pw pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppurpsv qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpurpsv pr qMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pooxsoJ+ppsrstSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pootooJ+pprsqoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H<oxouqoJ+rxtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[\Oj[L<pootooJ+pprsqoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S prtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pooxsoJ+ppsrstSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqo qqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pooxsoJ+ppsrstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxouqoJ+rxtqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pooxsoJ+ppsrstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxouqoJ+rxtqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;

\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owppptJ+ usvsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pooxsoJ+ppsrstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxouqoJ+rxtqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LououtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxprqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?28


qvÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpu9[bTL.W[QqvOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpsS@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrotuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ S[\H<pposqoJ+ssqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorrqrt pv 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<poorrpJ+pprorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qoqprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvpuÄĄovoxqu

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqxsrtq pu rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrppvÄĄouprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsrtsÄĄoxpsqp

O^Kppprsv s pMJ

pprooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosopqtÄĄotrptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžppqwtru qv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrwsxÄĄpopsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopsrtÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupptr(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<pqrvtvJ+pvtusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osoptt pv (

pposqoJ+ssqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprttt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqttpqv q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowooroÄĄporrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoutwÄĄoqsxov

QĂžTrptrqv w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpuppÄĄosopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposssxÄĄ

Ç?Çłopvsp q qMJ

owooroÄĄowtprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsrtsÄĄowqxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpuswsx pw pMJ

pptoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxororÄĄpoqvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppuqwru qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpuqwru pr qMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<poorstJ+pprppqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqrwpqJ+pvtvqoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<poorstJ+pprppqtSI[+L[HO`V

\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqrwpq J+pvtvqoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqrwpqJ+pvtvqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqrwpqJ+pvtvqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<pposprJ+ ssqqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pposprJ+ssqqqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<poorstJ+pprppqt SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pqrwpqJ+pvtvqoS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<pposprJ+ssqqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouororÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?29


qwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpv9[bTL.W[QqwOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQptS@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotroooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<opourtJ+sxpqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losqsps pw 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqotooJ+pururqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qptwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsqpqÄĄopoutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vppstsv pv rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqroqqÄĄosoorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupvrrÄĄ

O^Kpprwtv s pMJ

opquoqÄĄoroptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotquqrÄĄovoqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžppqwqrv qv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoupwÄĄotrotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqpu(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpsqqJ+qsqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osroto pw (

opourtJ+sxpqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqprts

Â&#x201E;OT]oqusxpp r pMJ

O[bS[S[\HowqxptÄĄposssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpstvÄĄopstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrptrqtp w sMJ

ovowsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouprtoÄĄoutwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłopvpwrp q qMJ

-X[ÄĄosrvtsÄĄouprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouprtoÄĄovrwqw

U\Lvpussrq pw pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppuqtqu qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpuqtqu pr qMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpsptJ+qsqxsoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<pqostsJ+purupvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpsptJ+qsqxsoSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpsptJ+qsqxsoSI[+L[H

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opouswJ+sxprpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opouswJ+sxprpqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqostsJ+purupvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpsptJ+qsqxsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<opouswJ+

sxprpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovstpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxotrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?30


qxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpw9[bTL.W[QqxOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpuS@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ororqtJ+tsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotptqx px 

O\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqottoJ+qpsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qrrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLoupustÄĄoxspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqrsutr pw rMJ

oupustÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoustÄĄoptvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutxpvÄĄ

O^Kppssptu s qMJ

osrpssÄĄotqqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpstpÄĄortxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqwqr qv sMJ

opqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppurtÄĄoqsposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqrx(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Q[J[L<otsxopJ+rotwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otoopw px (

ororqtJ+tsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtotoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqvsuts r pMJ

O[bS[S[\HovssqoÄĄoxpsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqtrpÄĄ

QĂžTrpuqqu w sMJ

ovssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsrwÄĄorpstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłopvrrp q qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoprsvÄĄppsxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxtqÄĄ

U\Lvpusopq pw pMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppuqqpt qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpuqqpt pr qMJ

ǜžO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twquvt U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otsxpuJ+rotxqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqotsqJ+qpsoqvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otsxpuJ+rotxqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otsxpuJ+rotxqqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppq pspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQ[J[L<otsxpuJ+rotxqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ororpwJ+tsurvtSI[+L[H Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqotsqJ+qpsoqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otsxpuJ+rotxqqtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ororpwJ+tsurvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovspqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoussqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxopruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?31


roÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;px\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;>HvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpx9[bTL.W[Qro OX[;M[=[LQ^W\TQpvS@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<osstrpJ+twqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louovpq qo 

OOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortupqJ+qupwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<osstrp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qsswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotqsrxÄĄovovpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wttoss px qMJ

-X[ÄĄppqwtvÄĄoqqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsorwÄĄotqrpw

O^Kppupqtr s qMJ

oqqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroqowÄĄosrwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupror(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpqtqJ+rvorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrpqt qo (

J+twqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqopqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqwssrt r pMJ

-X[ÄĄporqrwÄĄopourwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutxrqÄĄoxpsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpurqpp w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxpwÄĄorsorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrsoÄĄ

Ç?Çłopvsvro q qMJ

ovootsÄĄowrvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqvprÄĄpptpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqwrtp qv sMJ

U\Lvpurtto pv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;pppupxs qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpupxs pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owprovJ+rvppoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqoosJ+qsswrqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owprovJ+rvppoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owprovJ+rvppoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osstsu J+twqsttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqoosJ+qsswrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osstsuJ+twqsttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqptrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opowouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?32


rpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qo\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHqo9[bTL.W[QrpOX[; M[=[LQ^W\TQpwS@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<osssspJ+twqqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovooot qp 

popvspJ+sqpssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouotsoJ+psustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpwost qo qMJ

ovtworÄĄporqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopourrÄĄoqsxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppvspsp s rMJ

oxpspwÄĄppqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrpqÄĄorpqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqwvuo qv sMJ

pqtwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoopqÄĄowruruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louprqu(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<ouotsoJ+psustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louotqo qq (

osssspJ+twqqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otqwprJ+roppqt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqxsqps r pMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtpqJ+qtqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrpvqt x pMJ

orsoswÄĄotqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouptoqÄĄoutxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłopwptw q qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopourrÄĄoptvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqprrsÄĄ

U\Lvpurpqs pv sMJ

opqtsxÄĄoroqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrxosÄĄoxorouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppuptts qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpuptts pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<popvrrJ+sqpsqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ouotrqJ+psuqtSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orrtqtJ+qtqxqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ouotrqJ+psuqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsu vpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<popvrrJ+sqpsqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<popvrrJ+sqpsqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<popvrrJ+sqpsqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ouotrqJ+psuqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrtqtJ+qtqxqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<popvrrJ+sqpsqqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ\Oj[L<ouotrqJ+psuqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoururqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oposoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?33


pÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qo\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHqo9[bTL.W[QpÂ&#x201E;@D

M[=[LQ^W\TQpxS@Opup W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtQ[\S vvwsqp Â&#x201E;T/M[9M[ J+pwpxqo <pqsvS WQj 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ouostoJ+psssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtsqo qq 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[S[\H<pptuttJ+suqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<ourtosJ+rroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<outwovJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xoqop qp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLovtvqwÄĄppqrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kppxwpo s rMJ

pqprpvÄĄopsqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrqvÄĄpqpstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqwpsqu qv sMJ

opqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowruotÄĄpopqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louprto(

\Oj[L<outwovJ+rtxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousrov qr (

I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouostoJ+psssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]porxtq r qMJ

rtxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśPÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrpqxJ+qtqppvt

QĂžTrpvrqx x pMJ

optvtvÄĄotqrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouptqvÄĄoxtxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłopwpuqt q qMJ

9^\T9S[\HposrsxÄĄppqwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxpqÄĄ

U\Lvpuqutu pv sMJ

oqrwrxÄĄosoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppupqsr qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpupqsr pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<pptvoxJ+suqtqvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouossqJ+pssqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pptvoxJ+ suqtqvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pptvoxJ+suqtqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<pptvoxJ+ suqtqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<outwooJ+rtxsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ouossqJ+pssqoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outwooJ+rtxsoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouossqJ+pssqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<pptvoxJ+suqtqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

outwooJ+rtxsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrtpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LospxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpporpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opooprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?34


q„@DpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSr„@D>[Ńqp\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qr5\ÑTvvwO[+T[bJUpo…OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTr…OU[:voo…QcHqp9[bTL.W[Qq„@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqoS@Opup

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtrpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ \Oj[L<outvpwJ+rtvtt„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howsxrs qr 

opovqrJ+sxqtvt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<outvpwJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovpxtwJ+sturt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;Ƕ¾„O\LSMS<

„@[T[9xpqtppp qq pMJ

oupttq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovoorpġoxpsqu„Mj[-X[ġpqpropġ

O^Kpqorqpo s sMJ

otqqowġouprsr„Mj[-X[ġoxsoorġppqrpr„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppqwqrt qv sMJ

oxtxot„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqquġosrxox„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsps(

\Oj[L<ovpxtwJ+sturt„Mj[I[+L[H-ƆQ]LíÊØOG[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqtru qs (

rtvtt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<ovpqsvJ+rsrurvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO

„OT]pprvqw r qMJ

orotouJ+qspvqt„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ-Q`HbR[;\JLorspovġ

QþTrpwqqq x pMJ

oqqutu„Mj[-X[ġortuprġotqtrp„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzopwrotp q qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsoorġporprw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpsquġ

U\Lvpuqqqu pv sMJ

osrxoxġoupttq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptospġoppsqs„Mj[(

S[ȉpppuxrr qu sMJ „9H^tpuxrr pr qMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<opovpuJ+sxqstoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outvrpJ+rtwqvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<opovpu J+sxqstoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

opovpuJ+sxqstoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ

„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<outvrpJ+rtwqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outvrpJ+rtwqvtS I[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpxtpJ+stupvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<outvrpJ+rtwqvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bW

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opovpuJ+sxqsto SI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovpxtpJ+ stupvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotrxqx„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovqtso„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxrppw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppswox„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqorss„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losptrq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louqwso„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owsttp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpotxqq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqtupw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrssq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osorsq„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď35


rÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qs5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHqq9[bTL.W[QrÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqpS@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovpxrpJ+sttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxsssu qs 

opsvpsJ+tpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGOO\Oj[L<ovpxrpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovporpJ+srstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqtrupw qr pMJ

oqsxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupupvÄĄowqxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtvpwÄĄ

O^Kpqptrro s sMJ

ouprooÄĄovosrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxrxÄĄporppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqwrrtu qv sMJ

owqxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrtosÄĄpopptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsrw(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ovporpJ+srstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowprpp qt (

sttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovpxoxJ+rstsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pqrtq r qMJ

MS<oqpstvJ+qqpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsrwÄĄ

QĂžTrpwrqst x pMJ

orpotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttrqÄĄotqsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłopwstpt q qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovtupxÄĄowsvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovstqsÄĄ

U\Lvpupvtr pv sMJ

popptuÄĄppswswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxorqrÄĄpoquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppuuqq qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpuuqq pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpstoJ+qqprstSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<opsvqwJ+tpvqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpxstJ+stuqt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpstoJ+qqprstS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opsvqwJ+tpvqoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opsvqwJ+tpvqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpxstJ+stuqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpxstJ+

stuqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovposuJ+ srtrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovpxstJ+stuqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovposuJ+srtrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owspttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpottquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?36


sÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qt5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHqr9[bTL.W[QsÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqqS@Opup\Ă&#x160;bT[>L[Ć&#x2020;Q] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ovposxJ+srtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hporwqs qt 

<optvrvJ+tprssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ourprsJ+qtxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9powrusq qs pMJ

orspqwÄĄoupusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovopppÄĄovstrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpqrpptw s sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqorqÄĄoupqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxpuÄĄpqpsro

ǜžppqwsutr qv sMJ

ovopppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtrxÄĄoroqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;pppurpp qu sMJ

oupusqÄĄovsoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosooqtÄĄotqrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptoq(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ourprsJ+qtxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxotrr qu (

ovposxJ+srtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<outsruJ+rrttpo

Â&#x201E;OT]prrqrs r rMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opooooJ+pxwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrpxrpv x pMJ

ppqwopÄĄopspquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpoqrÄĄotqrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłopwtxrx q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupqpvÄĄovosoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupusqÄĄ

U\Lvpuprpw pv sMJ

otqorqÄĄoutvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrxspÄĄoupusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tpurpp pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<optvqxJ+tprsqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovposqJ+srtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<optvqx J+tprsqoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<optvqxJ+tprsqoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ovposqJ+srtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourpqvJ+ qtxptSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovposqJ+srtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<optvqxJ+tprsqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ourpqvJ+qtxptSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqswqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?37


tÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qs\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qu5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHqs9[bTL.W[QtÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqrS@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqtwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ourproJ+qtxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppqwtu qu 

\Oj[L<oprxtsJ+totqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otqsrrJ+oprtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqptqtq qt pMJ

potpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovorqsÄĄoxrwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpqsqvqq t pMJ

-X[ÄĄposrqwÄĄpqturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrrqxÄĄotqtpx

ǜžppqxptr qv sMJ

ortsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopppuÄĄppswqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louptqv(

JUQ]\Oj[L<otqsrrJ+oprtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoopru qv (

ourproJ+qtxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouoppvJ+rpsrto

Â&#x201E;OT]psrot r rMJ

Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ppqpsoJ+ptssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oxqposJ+

QĂžTrpxrrtv x pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpsqpÄĄoqsxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupvowÄĄovstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłopxpsp q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrrqxÄĄotqtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroxswÄĄ

U\Lvpuwsp pv sMJ

ppswqvÄĄopqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopprpvÄĄoqruroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppuop qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpuop pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oprxsvJ+totptvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourpstJ+roSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oprxsvJ+totptvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oprxsvJ+totptvtS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oprxsvJ+totptvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oprxsvJ+totptvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourpstJ+roS

I[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqsquJ+oprrtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourpstJ+roS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oprxsvJ+totptvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otqsquJ+oprrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppruqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosorstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?38


uÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qv5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHqt9[bTL.W[QuÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqsS@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<otqstpJ+opsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqptqr qv 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ootvqrJ+sxvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qwqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ortrqtJ+tuqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pptqsro qu pMJ

ovoqosJ+spxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLowsurvÄĄ

O^Kpqtrxqx t pMJ

oroxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HortrrqÄĄosrvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžppqxpwtr qv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoroqttÄĄossoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutupxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupttq(

59[JU]\Oj[L<ortrqtJ+tuqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpotxsx qw (

\Oj[L<otqstpJ+opsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ossqopJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ptqvrt r rMJ

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oxqpssJ+poutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

QĂžTrqossv x qMJ

poroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpssvÄĄpqpqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsorvÄĄ

Ç?Çłopxqwqp q qMJ

\JLoqsxtvÄĄorsptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsorvÄĄoqqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpusr pv sMJ

owrrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqusvÄĄppsxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppttuto qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpttuto pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ootvptJ+sxvroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqtovJ+optpvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ootvptJ+sxvro SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<ootvptJ+sxvroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ortrpwJ+tuqvrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqtovJ+optpvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ortrpwJ+tuqvrvtSI[+L[H M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otqtovJ+optpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ootvptJ+sxvroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortrpwJ+tuqvrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovoxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?39


vÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qw5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHqv9[bTL.W[QvÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqtS@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpqoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ortsouJ+tuqxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqtvrt qw 

otpwpt\Oj[LoxrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tuqxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orooqxJ+qsptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppxpoqx qv pMJ

\Oj[L<ovoqsuJ+sqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<osqutqJ+

O^Kpquswt t qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrwpoÄĄpqpsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqorÄĄosrsoq

ǜžppqxrvsw qv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtoosÄĄorsqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrsoqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppttrrx qu sMJ

opououÄĄoptwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqppsuÄĄpqtuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\LO\ž

ororosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsottÄĄoxortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupupv(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<oqoqoxJ+tptprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpptwts qx (

pptsqpJ+suroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ortsouJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]puqtr r rMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oqoqoxJ+tptprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H

QĂžTrqortss x qMJ

tvtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotpwptÄĄovtspq

Ç?Çłopxsqso q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupwooÄĄovoqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppsuÄĄoqqsqu

U\Lvpttxqq pv sMJ

otquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrosoÄĄoxtxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tpttrrx pr qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLouttsrÄĄowrrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtrtÄĄ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<pptsruJ+surotqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oqoqorJ+tptpqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovoqrwJ+sqotvt

SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqoqorJ+tptpqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pptsruJ+surotqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pptsruJ+surotqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqoqorJ+tptpqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqoqorJ+

tptpqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovoqrwJ+sqotvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pptsruJ+ surotqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqoqorJ+tptpqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovottxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opssorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouoxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqupr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqptorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?40


wÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qx5\Ă&#x2018;TvvwO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHqw9[bTL.W[QwÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQquS@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqorqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<pptssqJ+surqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opruow

9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoortJ+pxpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tvttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<oprxovJ+tottsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9orwts p pMJ

ÄĄotquqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupwquÄĄoxtxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpprr

O^Kpqvtqtv t qMJ

posrpuÄĄppqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvtwÄĄopqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppqxtwrt qv sMJ

ortvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupusq(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]S[\H<portoxJ+srpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

qx O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqtwox ro (

pptssqJ+surqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<osqvrs

Â&#x201E;OT]pvqqqx r sMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLovtrsqÄĄppqptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptwow

QĂžTrqputp x qMJ

ÄĄoprxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqptuÄĄpqpsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłopxtutw q qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrqssÄĄpopoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrtopÄĄ

U\Lvpttsso pv sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppttoqx qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpttoqx pr qMJ

ǜžO\ž/H/\Oj[L<outospJ+ rtqtt U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<portqqJ+srpsrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<portqqJ+ srpsrvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

portqqJ+srpsrvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pptsrsJ+ surqrvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opooqvJ+pxpvqoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H <portqqJ+srpsrvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<pptsrsJ+surqrvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ 

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovoqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouotosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HportsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqppouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?41


x„@DpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSpo„@D>[Ńqx\Ê\O¾QQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]ro5\ÑTvvwO[+T[bJUpv…OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTpo…OU[:voo…QcHqx9[bTL.W[Qx„@D M[=[LQ^W\TQqvS@OpupW[\OÊ]>H^­JU] Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbObQS[@ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ S[\H<oxruovJ+soswpvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpqor

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<posvopJ+prstrqt„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LS[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

vswpqt„Mj[I[+L[HL[;„R[;„U[PLS[\H<posqqoJ+srrrto„Mj[

„@[T[9opvpvpv q qMJ

ovoqtuġoxptov„Mj[-X[ġpqppqpġoqqrrp„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kpqwtrsw t qMJ

-X[ġoxrvqxġppqpsu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrvqxġpoqxrw

Ƕ¾ooqppo p pMJ

osspov„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosspovġoupwtq„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvow(

I[+L[HI[\>LíÊPSG]S[\H<oxosqtJ+rxqxqt„Mj[I[+L[H9`\ġ9[

ro O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[optvru p (

oxruovJ+soswpvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<owqrqrJ+

„OT]pwpxts r sMJ

I[+L[H-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLorsqqvġoupwtq„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QþTrqprwt x qMJ

ortprwġotpxst„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotpuswġouowtu„Mj[

Ǐdzoqoppps q rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxptovġoxtxpo„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLororqpġ

U\Lvptsxtv pv sMJ

ppsxpxġoppptu„Mj[(

S[ȉppptsvpw qu sMJ „9H^tptsvpw pr qMJ

Ƕ¾O\¾5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twsvtt U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[Wš[HS[\H<oxospwJ+rxqwstSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owqrpuJ+vsvttSI[+L[HO`V S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqrpu J+vsvttSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprsuvpopqpr

ptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHS[\H<oxospwJ+rxqwstSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L -9S[\LS[\H<oxospwJ+rxqwstSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ

„J[VL[\ƚS[\H<oxospwJ+rxqwstSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\L I[bL/S[\H<oxruooJ+soswSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<posuttJ+prstpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxruooJ+soswSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Loutwow„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxorsv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppqorw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oprupq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orswoo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louopox„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owpwqo

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hporptp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqqwsu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqovpq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrupq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otowoq„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď42


poÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ro\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHro9[bTL.W[QpoÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQ qwS@Opup.\@Â&#x201E;Qg\L Q^SO^S\Jj[\XL[\L NT[X[S]9[\T9[M^@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovposqJ+rssuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsurx

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<owqsqxJ+vtotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<ovsoprJ+ruopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pprqrt r qMJ

owrpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqttovÄĄorovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortpoqÄĄ

O^Kpqxtoqr t qMJ

oxrvpoÄĄpoqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtqssÄĄowsstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoostro p pMJ

pooxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooxswÄĄppsvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvrs(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L<ovqurqJ+rtqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

p O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvtu q (

ovposqJ+rssuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ottupoJ+psptqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pxpvpv r sMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprsxÄĄoqtoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupxpxÄĄ

QĂžTrqqxqw x qMJ

otpxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouowpwÄĄovoorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqoqtqw q rMJ

9^\T9S[\HovsvpuÄĄowrpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrptsÄĄ

U\Lvptstpr pv sMJ

oxospsÄĄpoqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppptssv qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tptssv pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovquqsJ+rtqtstSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqsqpJ+vtorvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovquqsJ+

rtqtstSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovporsJ+rssupoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

ovquqsJ+rtqtstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovporsJ+rssupoS I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

owqsqpJ+vtorvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ovporsJ+rssupoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<

ovquqsJ+rtqtstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oprqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HpoqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqorptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orrqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otosouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?43


ppÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHp/=[.W[QppÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQqx S@Opup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ossqstJ+qwrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqpqu

9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ottvpuJ+pssrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<osrupvJ+qwqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppttpqv s qMJ

ovsvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvorÄĄoprwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorourrÄĄ

O^Kqosqqu t rMJ

oxrutqÄĄpqprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouovsqÄĄoutxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopppqx p pMJ

ororsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotptqtÄĄoutrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosspsr

S[Č&#x2030;ppptsotv qu sMJ

ÄĄotpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwoo(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Q[J[L<otsuqwJ+rppvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losoopu r (

ossqstJ+qwrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<orqwtvJ+ttrtro

Â&#x201E;OT]ppopsrx s pMJ

K`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLorsqtsÄĄoupxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovorsoÄĄ

QĂžTrqqsotw x qMJ

otpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotptqtÄĄouovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqorxso q rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoupxsuÄĄovorsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtrwÄĄ

U\Lvptsoqv pv sMJ

ÄĄoupxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupxsuÄĄovsqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortttu

Â&#x201E;9H^tptsotv pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<otsuqpJ+rppvqoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

otsuqpJ+rppvqoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

Q[J[L<otsuqpJ+rppvqoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ossqrxJ+ qwrwtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ossqrxJ+qwrwtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottvpoJ+pssqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ossqrxJ+qwrwtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otsuqpJ+rppvqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?44


pq„@DpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSpr„@D>[ŃqO[QLQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]r„QvvwO[+T[bJUqo…OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTpr…OU[:voo…QcHq/=[.W[Qpq„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQro S@Opup

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvrpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ „O\LSMS<oqpvqqJ+qqrurqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ortwor

.Í­[9SG„9gTO„O\LSMS<oqpvqqJ+qqrurqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

oprsrrJ+qosxro„Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLoutxqwġ

„@[T[9qopoqr t rMJ

ovsvtp„Mj[-X[ġposrowġpqtsrt„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

O^Kqpqxrx t rMJ

9^\T9S[\Horouorġorsxtq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooxpwġ

Ƕ¾oprxu p pMJ

opppopġoqrrpp„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwqu(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LíÊQ`;\US[Q[J[L<osowtxJ+qvptrt„Mj[I[+L[H

r O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lototss s (

\Oj[L<opouqwJ+sxsott„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;K`\H„O\LSMS<

„OT]pppppuo s pMJ

oxrurs„Mj[-X[ġpqprsoġoqtost„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqoprġ

QþTrqrpqru x qMJ

osrtqxġotqvtp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrtqxġotqvtp„Mj[(

Ǐdzoqotrto q rMJ

ppsvqx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvqxġopqtso„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lvptrtso pv sMJ

S[ȉppptrvsu qu sMJ „9H^tptrvsu pr qMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L XSM;H[S[ÑbH½9Q[J[L<osowtpJ+qvptptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L<

osowtpJ+qvptptSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 9[SO[S

TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<oqpvpuJ+qqrupvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL Ǐdz9SG O[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<

osowtpJ+qvptptSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<oqpvpuJ+qqrupvtS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oqpvpuJ+qqrupvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(„O\LSMS<oprsqsJ+qosxvtS I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ„O\LSMS<oqpvpuJ+qqrupvt SI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osowtpJ+ qvptptSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lousuqo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowtptw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppowsx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opqsqt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orrupq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotsxqp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owourr

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpoqooq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqputx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opttqr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqsqs„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostups„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď45


prÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;rO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHr/=[.W[QprÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQp U[ O[LpupSĹŚ[H`H]j[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<pptwtoJ+putptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrwqp

9SG;S\Oj[L<pptwtoJ+putptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<potrqo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ovtosxJ+urrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpsqtsx u rMJ

oprwotÄĄorotrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsxpxÄĄosrror

O^Kqqppsu t rMJ

oqqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorosopÄĄossqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwtq(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrxoqJ+qrrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

s O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loupstv t (

J+sswtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<porwrrJ+prrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppqxpx s pMJ

owsrtpÄĄpoqwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxptrwÄĄpqporuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrqrssqq x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtottÄĄorsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprwotÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqpvtx q rMJ

outqqtÄĄowrossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqusrÄĄppswssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqwpt p pMJ

U\Lvptrotr pv sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppptrsrt qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tptrsrt pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwtuJ+qrrqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovtpoqJ+urrttSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtpoqJ+urrttS I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwtuJ+qrrqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LTX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L <porwquJ+prrotoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwtuJ+qrrqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtppwJ+pprsrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwtuJ+qrrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

pptxotJ+putqqvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtppwJ+pprsrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<porwquJ+prrotoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pptxotJ+putqqvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwtuJ+qrrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtppwJ+pprsrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowswosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqrw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqprosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?46


psÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;sO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHs/=[.W[QpsÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQq U[ O[Lpup1Q[>H^I­]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxtqprJ+pprutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqspu

<opqpqqJ+qopxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxtqprJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TO\Oj[L<owoorvJ+utxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqwrsqu v rMJ

I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotprqwÄĄovtotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruopÄĄ

O^Kqqswro t rMJ

ovossvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoquÄĄoqqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžoqrwts p pMJ

owrqovÄĄoxtxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouorÄĄoptwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppptrpqt qu sMJ

owroqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtstÄĄorospqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxpx(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<owoorvJ+utxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

t O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqvpt u (

pprutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtsptJ+rxpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pprurv s pMJ

ovtpruJ+urtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<otpvpoJ+oposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqspupu x rMJ

pqprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrrtÄĄosruouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqpovÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqpqqt q rMJ

oqtposÄĄorsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosruouÄĄotqwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Lvptqus pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpoquÄĄpqtsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutpttÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tptrpqt pr qMJ

ovsqtxÄĄoxostqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovtproJ+urttSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqppuJ+qopxroSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtproJ+urttSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqppuJ+qopxroSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqppuJ+qopxroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtqouJ+pprurtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owootqJ+voqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtpro J+urttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

oxtqouJ+pprurtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <opqppuJ+qopxroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owootqJ+voqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowssovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwsp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqoxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?47


ptÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;tO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHt/=[.W[QptÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQr U[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owopqvJ+vproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupvqo v 

pqqopvJ+pvswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owopqvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ourosrJ+rpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<otpvrw

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpqrrpp w rMJ

O½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLovtortÄĄppqottÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptwsoÄĄ

O^Kqrpxrs t rMJ

oprvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqottÄĄpqprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžorpouo p pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowroopÄĄpoowrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrptvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxsu(

\Oj[L<ourosrJ+rpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrxtp v (

vproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ovprppJ+rtotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;OT]ppsrtr s qMJ

J+opptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<oqtxsuJ+tsqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTrqsswpv x rMJ

otqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqprsÄĄoxtxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpopvÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqprux q rMJ

posrouÄĄppqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvpqÄĄopqtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvptqppu pv sMJ

ortrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppptqwps qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tptqwps pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqqorpJ+pvsxpoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqqorpJ+

pvsxpoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owoppxJ+vppoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqqorp J+pvsxpoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ourortJ+rpttoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[ 1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

\Oj[L<ourortJ+rpttoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owoppxJ+vppoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourortJ+rpttoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otpvtqJ+opqrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

owoppxJ+vppoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pqqorpJ+pvsxpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ourortJ+rpttoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoursrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtsst

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqotppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osssquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?48


puÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[QpuÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQs U[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ourotpJ+rpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupvqo v 

ppsoquJ+pupoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ourotpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<otqsruJ+orqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqupxrq x rMJ

ouqqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovotrqÄĄoxpuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoowÄĄ

O^Kqrsssq t sMJ

otpqptÄĄouostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtroÄĄppqosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžorssqw p qMJ

oxtxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorosrtÄĄossrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqopr(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<otqsruJ+orqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrxtp v (

rpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ottsqwJ+rpstrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]pptpw s qMJ

opopqvJ+sxrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLorssosÄĄ

QĂžTrqtqoqt x rMJ

oqqospÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvsrÄĄotpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłoqptopp q rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrtroÄĄpoqwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpuotÄĄ

U\Lvptpuqv pv sMJ

ossrpwÄĄouqqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppswqrÄĄopoxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppptqtr qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tptqtr pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppsosoJ+puppqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ppsosoJ+puppqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ppsosoJ+puppqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L

Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ourpotJ+rpvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppsosoJ+puppqtSI[+L[HK[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqsqxJ+orqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ourpotJ+rpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourpotJ+rpvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqsqxJ+orqqtS

I[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ourpotJ+rpvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqsqxJ+orqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouroruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtosx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoospwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqopptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?49


pvÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;vO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHv/=[.W[QpvÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQt U[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otqsstJ+orqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovpvsu w 

ppqtqvJ+ptrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ossursJ+twtwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GS[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sxtpru po rMJ

oqtpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqqxÄĄowrqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtrqvÄĄ

O^Kqsrsq t sMJ

ouosqrÄĄoutvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtpuÄĄpoqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžospxpv p qMJ

owrqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqxqqÄĄpoowprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqoso(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ossursJ+twtwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxswro w (

otqsstJ+orqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otoqosJ+qxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppttwqq s qMJ

<ppqtotJ+strrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprquÄĄ

QĂžTrqttqso x rMJ

ororsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvprÄĄotpsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłoqqspp q rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsxtoÄĄowsqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsxqqÄĄ

U\Lvptpprv pv sMJ

poowprÄĄppsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxotqrÄĄpoqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppptqptr qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tptqptr pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ppqtspJ+ptrtqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ppqtspJ+ptrtqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqstxJ+orrpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppqtspJ+ptrtqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ossuqwJ+twtwqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otqstxJ+orrpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<otqstxJ+orrpvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L I[bL/\Oj[L<ossuqwJ+twtwqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqstxJ+orrpvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppqtspJ+ptrtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossuqwJ+twtwqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oposssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsutr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoooqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?50


pwÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;xO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHx/=[.W[QpwÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQu U[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ossuqrJ+twtwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqrrp x 

M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<pprwtuJ+puxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGOO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qwrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osrwotJ+twrwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqrwps pp rMJ

\JLorssrsÄĄouqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoupxÄĄovsxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqspupx t sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotppouÄĄouortsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtorÄĄpqprqt

ǜžosttqq p qMJ

ovoupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquooÄĄorostxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppptpwsq qu sMJ

ouqqtvÄĄovssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqoxÄĄotprqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpov(

I[+L[HLOQ]\Oj[L<osrwotJ+twrwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hposxqt x (

\Oj[L<ossuqrJ+twtwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<osrwqwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pputtrt s rMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;S[\H<popqrqJ+sqrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTrquqtq x rMJ

-X[ÄĄppqurpÄĄoprurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄororqpÄĄotprqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoqqpwx q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouortsÄĄoutuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqqtvÄĄ

U\Lvptusw pv sMJ

otppouÄĄoutootÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrtwÄĄouqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tptpwsq pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<pprwswJ+puxptSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<popqsvJ+sqrspqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ S[\H<

popqsvJ+sqrspqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pprwswJ+puxptSI[+L[Hqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pprwswJ+puxptSI[+L[H9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pprwswJ+puxptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<osrwqoJ+twrxqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pprwswJ+puxptSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<osrwqoJ+twrxqtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpostpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqtw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?51


px„@DpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSqo„@D>[ŃpoO[QLQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]po„QvvwO[+T[bJUqv…OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTqo…OU[:voo…QcHpo/=[.W[Qpx„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQ vU[ O[Lpup

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqtpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<osrvttJ+twrwqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxroto po 

1ġSN[ǵL]\Oj[L<pqqptwJ+pvtwro„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[9SG„9gTO

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

qwtvpt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otootvJ+txrvpvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9tuxu pq rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutupuġoxrsto„Mj[-X[ġpqprqtġoqtptx

O^Kqsqqqu t sMJ

„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosrvspġotrorr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrvsp

Ƕ¾otrqsp p qMJ

poovtrġppsutx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsutxġopquot„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqprs(

JUQ]\Oj[L<otootvJ+txrvpvt„Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LíÊ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppspps po (

\Oj[L<osrvttJ+twrwqqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<osstqwJ+

„OT]ppvtqsv s rMJ

O\G@„R[;\W\ĭS[\H<oxqsqwJ+sorsst„Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H

QþTrqutvrp x sMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqrqsġovtooo„Mj[-X[ġposrppġpqtros

Ǐdzoqqrqs q rMJ

ġotrorr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horoqtvġorsupt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvptptx pv sMJ

9[TS[\Hopoxpwġoqroqx„Mj[(

S[ȉppptptrp qu sMJ „9H^tptptrp pr qMJ

O^KO\¾/H/„O\LSMS<orqqpxJ+ qtqxqqt U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pqqqpqJ+pvtxtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<pqqqpqJ+ pvtxtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<pqqqpqJ+pvtxtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 9[SO[STL[

XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<otopppJ+txrvtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqqqpqJ+pvtxtSI[+L[H M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otopppJ+txrvtqtSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqqqpqJ+pvtxtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otoppp J+txrvtqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Loupwsx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowqsqv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lposppx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtutq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orowsp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotqpto„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovrxop„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxtqrq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppsxqw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvtq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtutr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwsr„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď52


qoÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[QqoÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQwU[ O[LpupM[Ä&#x161;O[\L@­T[59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<otooquJ+txruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporuox pp 

MS<oprtruJ+qprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<otooquJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ottsotJ+ptpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpwtssp pr rMJ

poqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpusuÄĄpqoxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopruovÄĄ

O^Kqsqptu t sMJ

\JLoqtqppÄĄorstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopruovÄĄoqpxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoupppp p qMJ

owqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqvooÄĄppsworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqoq(

59[JU]\Oj[L<ottsotJ+ptpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqssx pp (

txruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otqrqwJ+rorrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwsxtw s rMJ

oxoottJ+rxrvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLowspsrÄĄ

QĂžTrqvrov x sMJ

oroqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorstswÄĄosqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ç?Çłoqqsttu q rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorotqsÄĄosssrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousxpuÄĄ

U\Lvpstvx pv sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppptpqqp qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tptpqqp pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprttoJ+qpsroSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ottrtuJ+ptouoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U ÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottrtuJ+ptouoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprttoJ+qpsroSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS

9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprttoJ+qpsroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ottrtuJ+ptouoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ottrtuJ+ptouoSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottrtuJ+ptouoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprttoJ+qpsroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottrtuJ+ptouoSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqtqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovrtot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxswruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppstrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?53


qpÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[QqpÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQx U[ O[LpupM[Ä&#x161;O[\L@­T[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ottrpqJ+psxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpprvrs pq 

otoxrq\Oj[LovpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

psxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ourorxJ+rrqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upqupw ps rMJ

owtxqoJ+rxrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotoxrqÄĄ

O^Kqspsto t sMJ

osrwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqsqoÄĄovovqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxrsÄĄ

ǜžoutosx p rMJ

osrwqpÄĄotrpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrrswÄĄpoooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppptxpo qu sMJ

pqtqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLouswtrÄĄowqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqqx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<ovpspqJ+tpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opoqoq pq (

orpwoqJ+qtqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ottrpqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ppxsvv s rMJ

\Oj[L<ovpspqJ+tpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

QĂžTrqwqto x sMJ

ovswqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsqwÄĄpqprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstqqÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqqtxsu q rMJ

oqpxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtqqrÄĄorstqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lvpstqqp pv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopouqsÄĄoptxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxrsÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tptxpo pr qMJ

opqupvÄĄorotrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovstptÄĄoxoupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvtuJ+qtqouoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L 9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvtuJ+qtqouo SI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ottrquJ+psxstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottrquJ+psxstS

I[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpsqvJ+tprroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottrquJ+psxstS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvtuJ+qtqouoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovpsqvJ+tprroS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqsxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovrpox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppspruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?54


qqÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pqO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/=[.W[QqqÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQpoU[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovprqqJ+tposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrsts pr 

owtttwJ+xqwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Q[J[L<otqtoo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqpxJ+rvprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uprsttw pt rMJ

oxputpJ+sopxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLovswpqÄĄ

O^Kqsppr t sMJ

pooopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxqxÄĄoprtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžovrprr p rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsuttÄĄopquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqvtxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqtv(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotoxor\Oj[LovprqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprstq pr (

J+rorxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ovprqqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqosspu s sMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owtttwJ+xqwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<S[\H<

QĂžTrqwrtrx x sMJ

ppqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptxrqÄĄotrpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqssvÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqrprrr q rMJ

ppqoqrÄĄpqprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrpxÄĄppquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpssvrq pv sMJ

poovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqxrpÄĄortopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppptttx qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tptttx pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<otqstqJ+rorxrqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otqstqJ+rorxrqtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovprpsJ+tpoqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otqstqJ+rorxrqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxpusrJ+sopxpoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtupqJ+xqxqtSI[+L[HL^7j[

N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovprpsJ+tpoqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otqstqJ+rorxrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovprpsJ+tpoqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtupqJ+xqxqtS

I[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovprpsJ+tpoqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otqstqJ+rorxrqtS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owtupqJ+xqxqtS I[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?55


qrÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;prO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pwtP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/=[.W[QqrÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQ ppU[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotporsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<owtssuJ+xqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwtv ps 

-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owtssuJ+xqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sprvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLorstttÄĄouqtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqttuqo pu qMJ

-X[ÄĄorssrpÄĄotporsÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotowrtÄĄouopsp

O^Kqrsppu t sMJ

poqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpvqoÄĄpoooqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžowprpx p rMJ

9[TS[\HppsvtsÄĄopowrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrqs(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Q[J[L<ovtopxJ+russqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqotoq ps (

oxtqqrJ+spsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\UOS[\H<oxsvsqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqpspqr s sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovowpuÄĄoxpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxqtÄĄoqpwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqxwrs x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsowÄĄppqoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrsowÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqrqvpw q sMJ

orouotÄĄosstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosstsoÄĄouqtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpssqst pv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppptqsx qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tptqsx pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovtoprJ+russtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ovtoprJ+russtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovtoprJ+russtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspu

pwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owttooJ+xquqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovtoprJ+ russtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potqooJ+pspxsoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovtoprJ+russtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owttooJ+xquqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<potqooJ+pspxsoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owttooJ+xquqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[; M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovtoprJ+russtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<potqooJ+pspxsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouorouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowowssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotouovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovqrpw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqspoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?56


qsÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;psO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHps/=[.W[QqsÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQpq U[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpooqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<potoruJ+pspupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqotq pt 

O\G@\Oj[L<potoruJ+pspupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<pptpsvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprroÄĄoqtropÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqtsr

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vwoqx pv qMJ

otpooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouoppwÄĄoutsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqrptqo t rMJ

9^\T9S[\HovtprvÄĄowrsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvrpÄĄ

ǜžowtuv p rMJ

oxouswÄĄpoqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrtq(

M_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[S[\H<poqtsuJ+srpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrsoq pt (

susxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­S[\H<poquqwJ+srpttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqqrwqx s sMJ

ÄĄowrsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqpwÄĄoroppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssowÄĄ

QĂžTrqxspru x sMJ

oxrrtxÄĄpoqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvrxÄĄowsosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoqrsotx q sMJ

poovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovprÄĄppsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lvpsrvtw pv sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppstxrw qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpstxrw pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<poqtrxJ+srprsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poqtrxJ+

srprsvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pototpJ+

pspusvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poqtrxJ+srprsvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pototpJ+

pspusvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<pototpJ+pspusvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poqtrxJ+srprsvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowosswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

pqrvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HoxrqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opowpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?57


qtÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ptO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/=[.W[QqtÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQpr U[ O[Lpup@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SĆ&#x;[LR[Ă&#x160;[-Ç&#x192;^O[>]X\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<pqtpqxJ+pxpxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorpptr pu 

OO\Oj[L<pqtpqxJ+pxpxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<optppuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLorsuqxÄĄouqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovoxos

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqopto pw qMJ

otoxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotovsqÄĄouootuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqqsrts t rMJ

9^\T9S[\HouqupoÄĄovoxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqustÄĄ

ǜžoxrxtq p rMJ

ÄĄouqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqupoÄĄovsuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxov

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsqo(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<opoprsJ+sxstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ororow pu (

tpsxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½S[\H<ppotsoJ+sststtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqrrtrt t pMJ

ÄĄovtptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquqsÄĄoprtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorootqÄĄ

QĂžTsopsss po pMJ

oxrrtpÄĄpqprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouootuÄĄoutspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoqrtsrw q sMJ

orourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotovsqÄĄousvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossuqq

U\Lvpsrrpq pv sMJ

ÄĄotoxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppstuqv qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpstuqv pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<opopswJ+sxsuptSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<pqtpqqJ+pxpxpoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[\Oj[L

<opopswJ+sxsuptSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S pqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opopswJ+sxsuptSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqo qpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\L

I[bL/\Oj[L<pqtpqqJ+pxpxpoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqtpqqJ+pxpxpoS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<opopswJ+sxsuptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotttpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opospvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osotovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?58


quÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;puO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/=[.W[QquÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQps U[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxorO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvqpJ+qspovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losoros pv 

M_O­[V[i[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvqpJ+qspovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+supusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLoutrtqÄĄoxrrss

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqrtu px pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrruÄĄpqtqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossoorÄĄ

O^Kqqvrr t rMJ

oroorsÄĄorsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovorÄĄppsutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopoqsrr p sMJ

oqqwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqssv(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<orqwsuJ+tttssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrrrr pv (

\Oj[L<orspqqJ+tuqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPS[\H<pprwop

Â&#x201E;OT]pqsrqrx t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprruÄĄoqtrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqurwÄĄovtqpv

QĂžTsosvtx po pMJ

otrrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossoorÄĄotrrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłoqswpr q sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLppsutwÄĄopqutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopowowÄĄ

U\Lvpsqwqw pv sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppstrpu qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpstrpu pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orqwrxJ+tttsqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvrvJ+qsposvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

orqwrxJ+tttsqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvrvJ+qsposvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orqwrxJ+tttsqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvrvJ+qsposvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvrvJ+

qsposvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvrvJ+qsposvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<orqwrxJ+tttsqqt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoprswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HoxqtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opooqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?59


qvÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pvO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/=[.W[QqvÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQptU[ O[Lpup-Ç&#x192;^O[>]T\QT Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbOOS[H Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowrtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osqxrtJ+qwqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losttpv pw 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orsoptJ+tuqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

opurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ǜžS[\H<pptvsvJ+svvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpspopu qo pMJ

ÄĄpqoxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprsstÄĄoroopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Kqpqvr t rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprsstÄĄoqpvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorovorÄĄ

ǜžopppox p sMJ

poqvrxÄĄppsvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtpt(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<otrwqoJ+ppxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osouqv pw (

Q[J[L<osqxrtJ+qwqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otproxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqtqxsr t pMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLowsopvÄĄpoqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpwox

QĂžTspqppx po pMJ

orsrorÄĄosqtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtrsrÄĄorsvor

Ç?Çłoqsqpsu q sMJ

ossvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousutuÄĄowqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lvpsqrss pv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;pppstou qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpstou pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otrwrsJ+pqotSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osqxqwJ+qwquqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

otrwrsJ+pqotSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Q[J[L<osqxqwJ+qwquqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< otrwrsJ+pqotSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

osqxqwJ+qwquqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otrwrsJ+pqotSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqxqwJ+qwquqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Q[J[L<osqxqwJ+qwquqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otrwrsJ+pqotSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpooxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?60


qwÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pwO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/=[.W[QqwÂ&#x201E;@D M[=[LQ^W\TQpuU[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<otsxqxJ+rpsvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotswtv px 

1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<ovqrsxJ+tsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ouqootJ+rsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wquqspp qo sMJ

ovsussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrrrÄĄpqprstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvqpÄĄ

O^Kqosrpw t rMJ

oqpvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtrtvÄĄorsvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžoppturu p sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopovoxÄĄoqoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxpqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppssutt qu sMJ

opqvpoÄĄorovpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsvrwÄĄoxovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtsr(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<otrvrvJ+ppvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ossqtu px (

otpqorJ+oprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otsxqxJ+rpsvqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pququsu t pMJ

S[\H<pptxprJ+svppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotourqÄĄ

QĂžTsptsst po pMJ

ossostÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqvrrÄĄovpopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpqÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqsrtpt q sMJ

ossostÄĄotrsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrtsoÄĄpoopotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpspxq pv sMJ

pqtptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoususoÄĄowqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tpssutt pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otrvroJ+ppvqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otsxsrJ+rpsvtvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U

Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L <ovqsorJ+tsssoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otpqpwJ+opsqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otsxsrJ+rpsvtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrvroJ+ppvqtS

I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqsorJ+tsssoSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt

pvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrvroJ+ppvqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otrvroJ+ppvqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/

Q[J[L<otsxsrJ+rpsvtvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otpqpwJ+opsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otrvroJ+ppvqtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otsxsrJ+rpsvtvtS

I[+L[HM^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqsorJ+tsssoS I[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoottuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovorrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxpvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?61


qx„@DpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSro„@D>[ŃpxO[QLQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qo„QvvwO[+T[bJUu„@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTro…OU[:voo…QcHpx/=[.W[Qqx„@D M[=[LQ^W\TQpvU[ O[Lpup

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovsqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ Q[J[L<ousqsvJ+rspro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousrts qo 

\Oj[L<owsppsJ+wtwqt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SGOO\Oj[L<oupxqq

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„9gTO\Oj[L<outwptJ+ssotvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;/ŃS[\H<

„@[T[9xwswrs qp sMJ

ppqoqq„Mj[-X[ġoqoossġotrsrr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqwopġ

O^Kpqxtvpv t qMJ

ppqoqqġpqprto„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposrtrġppqurq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾opqsrtq p sMJ

pooutq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqqvsvġorsvss„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqupo(

MčQ]LíÊ1ġS[V[i[\Oj[L<ovqrqwJ+tsrpqt„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otqrtw qo (

J+rqtvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ousqsvJ+rspro„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]pqvqrsw t qMJ

pprwqoJ+suqoqqt„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovsurrġ

QþTsqqwpv po pMJ

poopps„Mj[-X[ġpqoxppġoprsqw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzoqsswsq q sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsvouġopqvqo„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqurxġ

U\Lvpspsqq pv sMJ

S[ȉpppssrss qu sMJ „9H^tpssrss pr qMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovqrqpJ+tsqttSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<owspouJ+wtwtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½ OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9

„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupxrvJ+rrrtS I[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ovqrqpJ+tsqttSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<

owspouJ+wtwtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\L XO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ovqrqpJ+tsqttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owspouJ+wtwtS

I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovqrqp J+tsqttSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ousqsoJ+rsppqtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[

M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupxrvJ+rrrtSI[+L[H M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovqrqpJ+tsqttSI[+L[H M^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ousqsoJ+rsppqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owspouJ+wtwtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotrxro„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovstox„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpooptx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpvrr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqxqq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lossqro„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Loutxsr„Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxprpq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpppoox„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqswrr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpvrs„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsxqr„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď62


roÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qoO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:vooÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/=[.W[QroÂ&#x201E;@DM[=[LQ^W\TQpw U[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovpwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovotqxJ+rstxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrxpv qp 

oxqwosJ+potupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovotroJ+stxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqpqttp qq sMJ

orsvtvÄĄouqwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpporÄĄoxpwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpqxpot t qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotottqÄĄottxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqsÄĄppqoqt

ǜžoprrptv q pMJ

poopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorovsxÄĄosswowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqurw(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<owsotrJ+wtvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loupoot qq (

outvtvJ+ssopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovotqxJ+rstxqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqwqosx t qMJ

Â&#x2026;OK`\HS[\H<potsotJ+ssrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsrptt po pMJ

pqoxpoÄĄoqputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqovÄĄotovpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłoqtqs q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrqsÄĄpoqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpwsxÄĄ

U\Lvpsxsr pv sMJ

osswowÄĄouqwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvtrÄĄopovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppssors qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpssors pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owsosuJ+wtvptSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<potrtxJ+ssropvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

\Oj[L<oxqvtuJ+potttvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outvsxJ+srxtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;

\W+XS[\USH[ S[\H<potrtxJ+ssropvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsosuJ+wtvptSI[+L[Hqsuvx ppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxqvtuJ+potttvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr qtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owsosuJ+wtvptSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxqvtuJ+potttvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovotssJ+rstxsoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outvsxJ+ srxtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owsosuJ+wtvptSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovotssJ+rstxsoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouttsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxoxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppouprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqssrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S185

M[\Ä?63


rp„@DpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSp.V[i>[ŃqpO[QLQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qq„QvvwO[+T[bJUw„@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTp„@Dvoo…QcHqp/=[.W[Qrp„@DM[=[LQ^W\TQpx U[ O[Lpup

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoutsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ Q[J[L<outvpvJ+rsrxqo„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howrrrs qq 

J+potuqqt„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG;S\Oj[L<ovotppJ+stxt

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

ouspswJ+spqo„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;\Oƃ^ŦS[\H<oxstopJ+

„@[T[9pospvst qr sMJ

S[\Houqwttġowrurp„Mj[-X[ġpqtpsrġoqtxpw„Mj[

O^Kpqwqqsx t qMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoxrrqpġpoquts„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsupsġ

Ƕ¾opsqosw q pMJ

owquqsġpoousx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoousxġppsvps„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvou(

WŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊK\LƊ[\Oj[L<oxqwou

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovopou qr (

„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<outvpvJ+rsrxqo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<

„OT]pqxpvto t qMJ

sprwso„Mj[I[+L[HÑ]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsopġoqtssp„Mj[O[bS[

QþTsrrtrx po qMJ

-X[ġorsptoġotouts„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottxovġoutqso

Ǐdzoqtptqs q sMJ

owrxsv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtrtxġowrurp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvpstu pv sMJ

9[TS[\Hoxowqtġpoqwpo„Mj[(

S[ȉpppsrvqr qu sMJ „9H^tpsrvqr pr qMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oxqwooJ+potuvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxsstsJ+pprxtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\U

ǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S „QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovotqtJ+stxso

SI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxqwooJ+potuvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L <oxsstsJ+pprxtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oxqwooJ+potuvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚQ[J[L <outvroJ+rsrxtqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxsstsJ+pprxtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<outvroJ+rsrxtqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovotqtJ+stxsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<outvroJ+rsrxtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsstsJ+pprxtSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotrprv„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovrvpv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxtsow„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[Lpqoxsq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqprp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Losrsrx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Loutptp

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxotqo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppoqpv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqsosq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoxsp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsprq„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď64


p.V[ipwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qqO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/=[.W[Qp.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqo U[ O[Lpup W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x201E;@DpwtQ[\S vvwtqq /bS/ J+sspvst <qqtoSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotourqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<oupxpqJ+rrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqtot qr 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ousptpJ+spqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<oupxpqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpptpJ+rvsuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popvqtpu qs sMJ

-X[ÄĄppqusrÄĄoprsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxouÄĄotourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpqvrurt t qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwtrÄĄoutqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqxqqÄĄ

ǜžoptpoqr q pMJ

ototpuÄĄoustsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosswtqÄĄouqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvrr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<oxstouJ+pprxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtttx qs (

rrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otsxpwJ+ptostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]qopsto t rMJ

\JLorswrrÄĄouqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpptpÄĄovtsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTssxqw po qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototpuÄĄottwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpwÄĄpqpsov

Ç?Çłoqtqwso q sMJ

ovpptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvtoÄĄorowqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lvpsorp pv sMJ

ouqxqqÄĄovsxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsutrÄĄotourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppsrspq qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpsrspq pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oxstooJ+pprxqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<otsxppJ+ptoqvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxrrovJ+ pppopvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousqovJ+sqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[  \Oj[L<otsxppJ+ptoqvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp rtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxstooJ+pprxqoSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqo

qqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrrovJ+pppopvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrrovJ+pppopvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxstooJ+pprxqoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VQ[J[L<oupxorJ+rrsqvtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrrovJ+pppopvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oupxorJ+rrsqvt SI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousqovJ+sqvtSI[+L[H

\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxstooJ+ pprxqoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<oupxorJ+rrsqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrrovJ+ pppopvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?65


TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lousvtt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxopqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?66


q.V[ipwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qrO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qsÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/=[.W[Qq.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqp U[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<otproqJ+roqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopqrq qs 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<owtuptJ+xrwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO[TO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

roqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osrorrJ+twrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pposwrr qt sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqpxÄĄoxrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpspsÄĄoqttpq

O^Kpqutqqw t qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossqrpÄĄotrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossqrp

ǜžopuoso q pMJ

poousxÄĄppsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvqtÄĄopqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwop(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oxrrsoJ+ppppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowtrpo qt (

\Oj[L<otsxstJ+ptptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otproqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpppsx t rMJ

;SÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LQ[J[L<oupustJ+rqtxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½

QĂžTsssrqr po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqxsxÄĄovtssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpossqqÄĄpqtprw

Ç?Çłoqtsptq q sMJ

ÄĄotrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwttÄĄorspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvprtttx pv sMJ

9[TS[\HopovrrÄĄoqqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppsrpq qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpsrpq pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxrrrsJ+ppppqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owtuowJ+xrwqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsxrwJ+ptprtSI[+L[H

O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrrrsJ+ppppqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtuowJ+

xrwqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrrrsJ+ppppqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L <owtuowJ+xrwqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrrrsJ+ppppqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otprpuJ+roqosoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otsxrwJ+ptprtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxrrrsJ+ppppqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otprpuJ+roqosoSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owtuowJ+xrwqtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqoptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqprrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoussooÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqopsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?67


r.V[ipwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qsO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qtÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/=[.W[Qr.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqqU[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsqsvJ+qurtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpottrp qt 

Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<ovtvqoJ+vpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qurtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oqsxoxJ+tsqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppsquts qu sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxrsÄĄpoqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpxstÄĄ

O^Kpquppro t pMJ

orspovÄĄosqrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqttqwÄĄorsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoputprx q qMJ

ossxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustqvÄĄowquowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwqw(

I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<owtussJ+xrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxtpow qu (

<osrporJ+twrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsqsvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwsw t rMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Q[J[L<osoqptJ+qvqrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL

QĂžTstpvqr po qMJ

pqoxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprsooÄĄoqtwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

Ç?Çłoqtttp q sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprsooÄĄoqpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorowtrÄĄ

U\Lvprtpqw pv sMJ

poqwrvÄĄppswosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppsqvtp qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpsqvtp pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owturuJ+xrxrtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovtvrrJ+vpqroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owturuJ+xrxrtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owturuJ+xrxrtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovtvrrJ+ vpqroSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owturuJ+xrxrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovtvrrJ+vpqroSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsqsoJ+qursstSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owturuJ+xrxrtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsqsoJ+qursstSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovtvrrJ+

vpqroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

pptvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LousoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?68


s.V[ipwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qtO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]quÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/=[.W[Qs.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqrU[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optpspJ+qptvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprsqt qu 

<ousproJ+sqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optpspJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oproswJ+qptrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqwpwtq qv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxqwÄĄossrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourosqÄĄovproq

O^Kpqtrsrr t pMJ

orsxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrprÄĄotrutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrvsoÄĄ

ǜžopvsrpv q qMJ

pqoxpwÄĄpqtprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustpxÄĄowquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppsqsso qu sMJ

oxoxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwtt(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<ovtwpoJ+vpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lposwtv qv (

qptvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oosxqsJ+sxqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]qrtsu t rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotosrrÄĄovstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpuÄĄpqpsro

QĂžTsttpqx po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpwÄĄoqpupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqttssÄĄ

Ç?Çłoquwt q sMJ

pooqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopowpsÄĄoqoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lvprsvo pv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqwqsÄĄoroxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtoosÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpsqsso pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovtwosJ+vprsvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprosqJ+qptqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L <ouspqrJ+sqrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ

O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtwosJ+vprsvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[  Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprosqJ+qptqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QV

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovtwosJ+vprsvtSI[+L[Hqrtv

xpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouspqrJ+sqrvtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqs quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovtwosJ+vprsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optptuJ+qptwqvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovtwosJ+vprsvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optptuJ+qptwqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouspqrJ+sqrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqotswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouruowÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?69


t.V[ipwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;quO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qvÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/=[.W[Qt.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqsU[ O[LpupĂ&#x2DC;]bR[\;L]59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ppsssuJ+pusptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqpoox qv 

otosqo\Oj[LoxqtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ppsssuJ+pusptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opqqqpv p sMJ

potqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<postssJ+psprro

O^Kpqtqqr t pMJ

\JLovstsqÄĄppqotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqoqpqÄĄotrvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

ǜžopwrtrs q qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqotpÄĄpqpsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpossswÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppsqpqx qu sMJ

owquoqÄĄpooutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqussÄĄorsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxqq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<oxqtotJ+potqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppsuro qw (

ousqqrJ+stvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]\Oj[L<otpqstJ+oqpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qsqsr t sMJ

S[\H<poruopJ+srsxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxqtotJ+

QĂžTsuqtso po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<ovtoqsJ+uttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;

Ç?Çłoquqpu q sMJ

S[\HourpowÄĄpooqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxqpÄĄoprrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvprsqrt pv sMJ

ppqvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvssÄĄopqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tpsqpqx pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ousqptJ+sssvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otpqtxJ+oqqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousqptJ+sssvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<otpqtxJ+oqqqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ousqptJ+sssvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otpqtxJ+oqqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ppssrxJ+pusosvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< otpqtxJ+oqqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqstxJ+potqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppssrxJ+pusosvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqstxJ+potqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousqptJ+sssvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppssrxJ+pusosvtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otpqtxJ+oqqqtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqstxJ+potqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovpvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

pptooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosptooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S185

M[\Ä?70


u.V[ipwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qvO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qwÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/=[.W[Qu.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqtU[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxquooJ+potsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqssoo qw 

outxovJ+ssvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<otprrv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxquooJ+potsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqursqs q sMJ

ssvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<ovtppwJ+utvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpqsrtso t pMJ

ortootÄĄourprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovprswÄĄoxqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžopxqwqv q qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotospoÄĄottvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpwÄĄppqotv

S[Č&#x2030;pppspwpx qu sMJ

pooqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroxsrÄĄostorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxsx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotospo\Oj[LoxquooÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqssqo qx (

J+oqrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<orruotJ+tuqopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qstxso t sMJ

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpqttJ+rvtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<outxovJ+

QĂžTsutxtu po rMJ

I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<ossxtqJ+txqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JL

Ç?Çłoqursr q sMJ

pqoxqsÄĄoqpuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsorrÄĄototopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lvprrwpq pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrpwÄĄpoqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqoqxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpspwpx pr qMJ

ostorxÄĄourprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppswpvÄĄopovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otprtqJ+oqsptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owproxJ+rvtqqvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<orrttwJ+tupxttSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owproxJ+rvtqqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otprtqJ+oqsptS

I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orrttwJ+tupxttSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpspt pvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otprtqJ+oqsptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otprtqJ+oqsptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqttqJ+potsptS

I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orrttwJ+tupxttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqttqJ+ potsptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outxooJ+ssvroSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otprtqJ+

oqsptSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqttqJ+potsptS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orrttwJ+tupxttS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<outxooJ+ssvroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotoworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovprsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LppsuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Louqwpt Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owspsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S185

M[\Ä?71


v.V[ipwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qwO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qxÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/=[.W[Qv.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqu U[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotossuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ovoooqJ+stotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oppvqr

\Oj[L<orrvooJ+tuqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<optupqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otstoxJ+rpsqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppotpuo s pMJ

J+txqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<opsuqwJ+tpsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Kpqspstp t pMJ

owrwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtprxÄĄoqtwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoqsÄĄ

ǜžoqoqptu q rMJ

oxrrqoÄĄpoqvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstruÄĄowrxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppsptw qu sMJ

poovooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovooÄĄppswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louropu(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<osrorvJ+twrutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[

qx O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsrrq ro (

tqpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovoooqJ+stotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qtturv t sMJ

osrorvJ+twrutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<ostosv

QĂžTsvrspw po rMJ

;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpstuÄĄoqturqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourqooÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqusutu r pMJ

otossuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottvtqÄĄoutpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lvprrrtq pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HovtuqqÄĄowrwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquooÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpsptw pr qMJ

oxpoppÄĄpoqxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<optuotJ+tqporqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<outxtsJ+ssxstSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<optuotJ+

tqporqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<optuotJ+tqporqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< outxtsJ+ssxstSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<osroroJ+

twrurtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outxtsJ+ssxstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

optuotJ+tqporqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<osroroJ+twrurtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovoxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppsqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrvto

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqproxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orpsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?72


w.V[ipwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;roO[QLQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]roÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHro/=[.W[Qw.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqv U[ O[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<osrprsJ+twrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optpto

Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oopvsuJ+swtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qtrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<oqortwJ+tqrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqtpprx t pMJ

\JLortosqÄĄourqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpsrrÄĄovtusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpqsopw t pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotortqÄĄottvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqrÄĄpqptot

ǜžoqppttx q rMJ

ovpsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxpqÄĄorpopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;pppspptv qu sMJ

ourqqtÄĄovtpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstrqÄĄotosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourosq(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<oqortwJ+tqrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;

ro O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqstqt rp (

osrprsJ+twrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvqtJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qutrrr u pMJ

\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;S[\H<possrqJ+ssppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTswwss po rMJ

-X[ÄĄppqvqsÄĄoprrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwovÄĄotosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoqutxst r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvsuÄĄoutpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourqqtÄĄ

U\Lvprqxrs pv sMJ

otortqÄĄousstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpqpÄĄourqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tpspptv pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvpwJ+qtrrrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oopvsoJ+swssvtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvpwJ+

qtrrrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqosprJ+tqrppoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oopvsoJ+swssvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L< oqosprJ+tqrppoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvpwJ+qtrrrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oopvsoJ+swssvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqosprJ+tqrppoSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovottoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosorpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrts

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqoxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orpootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?73


x.V[ipwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]rpÂ&#x201E;QvvwO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHp/b=L.W[Qx.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQqw U[ O[LpupÇ?\Äš>[Q[@­L[Ă&#x2DC;]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[I\;S9SLObRgOLJU­LO[bS[Â&#x201E;LbĂ&#x160;[¢WOM^S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ S[\H<ppssrqJ+susptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqxox

\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<pqtrrxJ+pxrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppssrqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLoutprvÄĄoxrrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qxqxsx u pMJ

postquÄĄpqtpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossstvÄĄotrwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpqrtqpr t pMJ

orsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovoxÄĄppswpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpow(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[S[\H<posttpJ+ssptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

rp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortpox p (

susptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Q[J[L<ovsvsoJ+rusxsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qvtoqw u pMJ

pqptptÄĄoqtvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourqtoÄĄovtvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTswsrpu po rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLossstvÄĄotrwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwoqÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqvpqro r pMJ

ppswpvÄĄopqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovrpÄĄoqquqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqqpors q rMJ

U\Lvprqtqo pv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;pppswsu qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpswsu pr qMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9S[\H<postssJ+sspstvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

postssJ+sspstvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppssqsJ+susprvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ M[JbJ[VS[\H<postssJ+sspstvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<ppssqsJ+susprvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V

8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppssqsJ+susprvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqtrrrJ+pxrsroSI[+L[HXO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<postssJ+sspstvtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<ppssqsJ+ susprvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovoptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxtw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqotpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orouoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?74


po.V[ipwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSpp.V[i>[ŃqØ]KSQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]p@^LvvwO[+T[bJUpw„@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpp„@Dvoo…QcHq/b=L.W[Qpo.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqxU[ O[Lpup.\@@;Ň[IÑP^S9[= SI  „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ S[\H<oxrtttJ+spqoso„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orppqp

O[TO\Oj[L<porwtsJ+prtwvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOS[\H<oxrtttJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„R[;ǝOQ[J[L<ostxqvJ+qxsxro„Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

„@[T[9qqrsqtx v qMJ

oprrtpġoqtvtx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Horsooqġosqqou„Mj[(

O^Kpqrtosr t pMJ

oqpttt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpotoġostqoq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourprs(

H`H]j[LíÊM^LO­W^S[\H<oxqsstJ+sotqst„Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotopov q (

spqoso„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<owrvptJ+wtspqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S

„OT]qwsvqs u pMJ

owrxrqġpoqvqx„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxqpqxġpqoxss„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTsxpvtq po rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtvqpġortppx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoprrtpġ

Ǐdzoqvqtpo r pMJ

ousstpġowquor„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpoqxtoġppswsq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqrtsq q rMJ

U\Lvprqpx pv sMJ

S[ȉpppstru qu sMJ „9H^tpstru pr qMJ

O^KO\¾5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txqosvt U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ostxpxJ+qxsxpoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[S[\H<oxqsrwJ+sotqqvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­ „JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QV

\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ostxpxJ+qxsxpoSI[+L[HO`V 99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH S[\H<oxqsrwJ+sotqqvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<oxqsrwJ+sotqqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<oxrupoJ+spqppvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxqsrwJ+

sotqqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxrupoJ+spqppvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H

<oxrupoJ+spqppvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<porxpoJ+prtwsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxqsrwJ+sotqqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ LíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxrupoJ+

spqppvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loutvtw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxpssw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpproqr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH „OL^9[opsqpp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orttqo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Loupqrq„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owquop

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpoqqtw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqopqr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oproqr„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oroqpr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswqr„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď75


pp.V[ipwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q@^LvvwO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qpp.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpSQ@[Lpup Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosooO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<ovsrrpJ+rurxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osooqt

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owrvtrJ+wttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqrovJ+qrpwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rvsvtt w qMJ

pqptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortprvÄĄosstrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrrwÄĄ

O^Kpqrttsv t pMJ

oqtvrvÄĄortprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosstrvÄĄotrxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžoqspqo q sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqoxtoÄĄpqtptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousssxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppsqqt qu sMJ

ovtqquÄĄoxppprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqoo(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxrqJ+rwxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

q O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louprtu r (

ovsrrpJ+rurxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<outspqJ+srust

Â&#x201E;OT]qxsspx u pMJ

I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotorrsÄĄovstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrrtÄĄ

QĂžTsxtqrr po rMJ

ovptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtoÄĄoqpttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłoqvrvsu r pMJ

owrxsqÄĄpoorstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxruÄĄoqorrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvprpvq pv rMJ

owquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqxtpÄĄorppovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tpsqqt pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxstJ+rwpoqvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxstJ+

rwpoqvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovsrqrJ+rurxrqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrvsuJ+wttroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovsrqrJ+rurxrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owpxstJ+rwpoqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouowruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqqot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?76


pq.V[ipwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r@^LvvwO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qpq.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<oupotvJ+rqswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostvrw

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<outstpJ+srwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<pqoqrxJ+pvqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqpspsx x qMJ

otrxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoursopÄĄpoortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtuÄĄ

O^Kpqsvqo t pMJ

posttvÄĄppqvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswsuÄĄoprootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqstvqw q sMJ

orstowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqqt(

I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Q[J[L<ovrsqwJ+rupvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

r O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqttt s (

oupotvJ+rqswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otrroxJ+ppspqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpospps u qMJ

OĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLovstrvÄĄppqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqortpÄĄ

QĂžTspoqvqo po sMJ

oprrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpstÄĄpqptsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłoqvtopw r pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowquowÄĄpoovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqquqsÄĄ

U\Lvprpqtw pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprtxps qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprtxps pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovrsspJ+rupvtvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S 9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<ovrsspJ+rupvtvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV 99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

Q[J[L<ovrsspJ+rupvtvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[ 1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<oupotoJ+rqswqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovrsspJ+rupvtvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oupotoJ+rqswqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outsstJ+srwvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<oupotoJ+rqswqoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouossoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpwox Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?77


pr.V[ipwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;tĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s@^LvvwO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHt/b=L.W[Qpr.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQrSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<otoqroJ+qxtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoqqp t 

OO\Oj[L<otrrqwJ+pptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otoqroJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<poootuJ+pqqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9stqqqt po qMJ

oursqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpuqpÄĄoxqqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoorÄĄ

O^Kpqsqtpt t pMJ

otorqwÄĄottvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrsvÄĄppqptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqttss q sMJ

poosppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorppsoÄĄostroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqto(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Q[J[L<ovprtrJ+rtquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrqqq t (

qxtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osrwopJ+twtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpprww u qMJ

owqoroJ+wpqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLortqprÄĄ

QĂžTsppqpp po sMJ

oqptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxtoÄĄotorstÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłoqwqst r pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrsvÄĄpoqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqqpsÄĄ

U\Lvprwtv pv rMJ

ostroqÄĄoursqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsxosÄĄopovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprtus qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprtus pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ovprsuJ+rtqtstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Q[J[L<ovprsuJ+rtqtstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otoqqrJ+qxtvpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovprsuJ+rtqtstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otoqqrJ+qxtvpvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otrrspJ+pptrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otoqqrJ+qxtvpvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovprsuJ+rtqtstSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxoroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oproqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouoossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpspr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?78


ps.V[ipwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]t@^LvvwO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHu/b=L.W[Qps.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQs SQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<osqpotJ+qwpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louoqqp t 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osrwqpJ+twtvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<owqotpJ+wprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spwswu pp qMJ

ÄĄoqtwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourssuÄĄowsorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqou

O^Kpqssxpw t pMJ

ottvrqÄĄoutprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrtrÄĄpoqvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqutpw r pMJ

owsorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqupvÄĄpoovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrps(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Q[J[L<ovqoqpJ+rtsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrqqq t (

osqpotJ+qwpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osppssJ+tvtosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpqrtr u qMJ

\Oj[L<ovorswJ+totqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpuox

QĂžTspprvu po sMJ

ÄĄoqtvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxswÄĄotorrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłoqwptv r pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovstsrÄĄowrxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtwrvÄĄ

U\Lvprto pv rMJ

poovsqÄĄppsxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpptxÄĄpororuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprtqtr qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprtqtr pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ovqopsJ+rtsptvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ospptwJ+tvtppvtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ospptwJ+tvtppvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovqopsJ+rtsptvtSI[+L[Hqstvxpppr

pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osqpqoJ+qwpssqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ovqopsJ+rtsptvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<osqpqo

J+qwpssqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovqopsJ+rtsptvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L< osqpqoJ+qwpssqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owqossJ+wprpqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJQ[J[L<osqpqoJ+qwpssqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqopsJ+rtsptvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opquqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpopw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoovptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppstrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqsuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?79


pt.V[ipwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;vĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]u@^LvvwO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHv/b=L.W[Qpt.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQt SQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osoxttJ+qvsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovpppv u 

9SG;S\Oj[L<osppssJ+tvtosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ovorswJ+totqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tptwt pq qMJ

ourtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvoqÄĄovtwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqwqsÄĄ

O^Kpqtpxpu t pMJ

otorqvÄĄottvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsopÄĄpqpuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqvswrw r pMJ

ovpvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprostÄĄorpqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppprsxsq qu sMJ

ourtowÄĄovtrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstopÄĄotorrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrrw(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Q[J[L<ovtusrJ+rvprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxroos u (

osoxttJ+qvsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ospuqsJ+twqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qprrptv u rMJ

\Oj[L<oupptwJ+qtpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLortqswÄĄ

QĂžTspqpqv po sMJ

oprsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvtrÄĄotorrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłoqwqvqs r pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLottvrsÄĄoutpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourtowÄĄ

U\Lvprpv pv rMJ

otorqvÄĄousstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostrsoÄĄourtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tprsxsq pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovturuJ+rvpqtqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ovturuJ+rvpqtqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovturuJ+rvpqtqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VQ[J[L< ospooxJ+qvsustSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovturuJ+rvpqtqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<ospooxJ+qvsustSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovorsoJ+torqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ospooxJ+qvsustSI[+L[HM^S[ Q[X[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Q[J[L<ovturuJ+rvpqtqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owouqq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoorpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppspsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?80


pu.V[ipwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;wĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v@^LvvwO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHw/b=L.W[Qpu.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQuSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<osqxstJ+qwrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqooq v 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osptsqJ+twortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<osqxstJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<oupppuJ+qsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpstqqt pr qMJ

oxrsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpurrÄĄoqtwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtqxÄĄ

O^Kpqttsts t pMJ

ossvprÄĄotspqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossvprÄĄotspqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqwsurt r pMJ

ppsxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxqxÄĄoprotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loursop(

I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[S[\H<oxorqoJ+rxtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpopwru v (

qwrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ostpspJ+txroqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpsqwtp u rMJ

otsrtrJ+psotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpssÄĄ

QĂžTspqsvpq po sMJ

ovtxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposusqÄĄpqtqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłoqwrxrv r pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtvtsÄĄorrxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovtwÄĄ

U\Lvpqtvpw pv rMJ

opowooÄĄoqquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprsurp qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprsurp pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<oxorrtJ+soopvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

oxorrtJ+soopvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osqxtxJ+qwrupvtS I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxorrtJ+soopvtS

I[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<osqxtxJ+qwrupvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupproJ+qtotSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqxtxJ+qwrupvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<oxorrtJ+soopvtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoursqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppousvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotswtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqqv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opouswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?81


pv.V[ipwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;xĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w@^LvvwO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHx/b=L.W[Qpv.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQvSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otpxswJ+rosostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxqtpx w 

O[TO\Oj[L<ostpooJ+txqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otpxswJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<otsrrsJ+psopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqvrptt ps qMJ

poqwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqrpqÄĄpqporsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprsptÄĄ

O^Kpqurttt t pMJ

\JLoqtxpqÄĄortrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprsptÄĄoqpuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqxsstu r pMJ

owqurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporppqÄĄppsxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursqs(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[S[\H<porxqxJ+srtxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotxqw w (

rosostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ottupoJ+qpprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]qptqtst u rMJ

otrwtrJ+pqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLowsoovÄĄ

QĂžTsprqqqp pp pMJ

oqtvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorrxsvÄĄosqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ç?Çłoqwtpst r pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpqstÄĄostspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustorÄĄ

U\Lvpqtrrr pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprsrqp qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprsrqp pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otqoorJ+rospqqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<porxqqJ+srtxsoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otqoorJ+rospqqt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqt

qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<porxqqJ+srtxsoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otqoorJ+rospqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqoorJ+rospqqtS I[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< otsrqwJ+prxttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<

otqoorJ+rospqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouroqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppoqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotstopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwro Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxttqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?82


pw.V[ipwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;poĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x@^LvvwO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/b=L.W[Qpw.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQwSQ@[Lpup\NS[SI

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ourvrwJ+rrttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoqttx x 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otttoxJ+qwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ourvrwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<otrwprJ+pqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<ottrsq

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uxtwpu pt pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrsqtÄĄpqputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrrwÄĄossvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpqvqqp t qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtxqwÄĄortrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvsxÄĄotsptx

ǜžposrsp r qMJ

oqotpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqposrÄĄpqtqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppprsopo qu sMJ

9[TS[\HovtsrsÄĄoxpqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourssu(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<oosppsJ+sxruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpprsss x (

rrttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovqtroJ+ttssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]qpuqqrx u rMJ

J+qtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotorrrÄĄovsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsprtvrt pp pMJ

O[bS[S[\HouruoxÄĄovpvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqposrÄĄoqpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłoqxrsv r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsprvÄĄpootptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopppovÄĄ

U\Lvpqsxtq pv rMJ

oustowÄĄowqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprpquÄĄorprooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^tprsopo pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oospqxJ+sxsrvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oospqxJ+sxsrvtSI[+L[Hqs uwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oospqxJ+sxsrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ourvrpJ+rrtsttSI[+L[H

1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otrwouJ+pquqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ourvrpJ+rrtsttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oospqxJ+sxsrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotspotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtsrs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?83


px.V[ipwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po@^LvvwO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/b=L.W[Qpx.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQxSQ@[LpupUjL59[JU]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SUjL>H^­Q[W½Ă&#x201C;H-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpvquJ+rwsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqqqv po 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovqsroJ+ttqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpvqu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<ottqsrJ+qqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqqprst pu pMJ

ppqqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqotrqÄĄotsqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouruqwÄĄ

O^Kpqwpqtu t qMJ

ppqqtvÄĄpqpvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposvpuÄĄppqxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppsqsx r qMJ

poowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqusqÄĄorstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtow(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<ororowJ+tstwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqouqs po (

J+rwsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxprtuJ+poqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpvpxrr u sMJ

ouqqtuJ+rpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLovsupqÄĄ

QĂžTspsrqts pp pMJ

pootqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpotqÄĄoprsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłoqxptst r pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptoorÄĄoprpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqutpÄĄ

U\Lvpqsupt pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprrutx qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprrutx pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ororqrJ+tstxpoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ororqrJ+tstxpoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ororqrJ+tstxpoSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspu

pwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpvpxJ+rwspqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ororqrJ+tstxpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpvpxJ+rwspqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ororqrJ+tstxpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/ :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpvpxJ+rwspqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottqrtJ+qqqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpvpxJ+rwspqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; M^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ororqrJ+tstxpoS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opouswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtorw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqttooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?84


qo.V[ipwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^LvvwO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/b=L.W[Qqo.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpoSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ S[\H<popptxJ+sqtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqpttq pp 

-L^S[K[\Oj[L<otrvpxJ+pqrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<ouqptvJ+rptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vsqpps pv pMJ

ourusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwrsÄĄoxqrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppopÄĄ

O^Kpqxwqr t qMJ

otorsrÄĄottvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsstÄĄppqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqsqqo r qMJ

pootspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorprrpÄĄosttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtqx(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorsr\Oj[LoxrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqruow pp (

oxpqrtJ+poqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<popptxJ+sqtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpwpuqv u sMJ

\Oj[L<ovopppJ+strqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLortspoÄĄ

QĂžTsptwpv pp pMJ

oqpuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxtsÄĄotorqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłoqxqvrv r pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrsstÄĄpoqwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqrtsÄĄ

U\Lvpqsqsq pv rMJ

osttoxÄĄourusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptoovÄĄopowqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprrrsw qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprrrsw pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otrvpqJ+pqrqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrvpqJ+pqrqt

SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<popptqJ+sqtoqqtS

I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrvpqJ+pqrqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<popptqJ+

sqtoqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<popptqJ+sqtoqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< ouqptpJ+rptqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<popptqJ+sqtoqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<otrvpqJ+pqrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsusr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?85


qp.V[ipwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;prĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq@^LvvwO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/b=L.W[Qqp.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQ ppSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oopqqoJ+svtottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opovrt pq 

\Oj[L<owprsoJ+vtsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<outxtpJ+stoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpuqruo pv sMJ

orooprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvosÄĄowsqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqtuÄĄ

O^Kqowu t rMJ

ottworÄĄoutqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsttÄĄpoqxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžprsqpr r rMJ

owsqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvoxÄĄpoowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtto(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<otrttxJ+pqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opotqq pq (

pppprpJ+ptpxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oopqqoJ+svtott

Â&#x201E;OT]qpxprqp u sMJ

\Oj[L<ovsottJ+urqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpvrsÄĄ

QĂžTsptsrss pp pMJ

oqtwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxtxÄĄotorroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłoqxrxqs r pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsuqxÄĄowsosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowooruÄĄ

U\Lvpqrxps pv rMJ

poowswÄĄpptoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxprspÄĄporptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprrorv qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprrorv pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otrttpJ+pqoqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owprtsJ+vtstoSI[+L[HKL^

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owprtsJ+vtstoSI[+L[H\QI^L 99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspu pwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrttpJ+pqoqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<owprtsJ+vtstoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

otrttpJ+pqoqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[ J]Ă­[TL[TX=9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oopqpsJ+svtosoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owprtsJ+vtstoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oopqpsJ+svtosoS I[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otrttpJ+pqoqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oopqpsJ+

svtosoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<owprtsJ+vtstoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqsv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osotoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?86


qq.V[ipwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;psĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pr@^LvvwO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHps/b=L.W[Qqq.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQ pqSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oqowqsJ+tqsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optwto pr 

9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opposvJ+qopvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

uroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<owptrtJ+vtwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqwqtrp pw sMJ

owootpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxrtÄĄoprssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwpxÄĄ

O^Kqpppsw t rMJ

oxrtouÄĄpqpvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwppÄĄoutqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpssqqv r rMJ

orpsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotortwÄĄoustrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosttsp

S[Č&#x2030;ppprqvqv qu sMJ

ÄĄotorrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louruox(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<owpqsqJ+vtptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprtqr pr (

oqowqsJ+tqsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<ovrxtwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqopopu v pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLortsspÄĄourvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxouÄĄ

QĂžTspupxpu pp pMJ

otorrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotortwÄĄottwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłoqxtpu r pMJ

9^\T9S[\HourvqpÄĄovpxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprqqoÄĄ

U\Lvpqrttp pv rMJ

ÄĄourvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourvqpÄĄovttrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstpv

Â&#x201E;9H^tprqvqv pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owpqrtJ+vtprqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<posrswJ+psxptSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owpqrtJ+vtprqtSI[+L[H\QI^L

99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpqrtJ+vtprqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<posrswJ+psxptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oqowpuJ+

tqsoqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovrxtoJ+uqxsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

owpqrtJ+vtprqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ \Oj[L<oqowpuJ+tqsoqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouposwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqttooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orowoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrwtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqptoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?87


qr.V[ipwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ptĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^LvvwO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x201E;@DpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/b=L.W[Qqr.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQprSQ@[LpupÇ?ÇłM_\G­Q[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ortpoxJ+tutvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtosp ps 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropqwJ+qstrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

vtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<owrwqsJ+wttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpoqxqo px sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvrvÄĄowopotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposwoqÄĄpqtrps

O^Kqqpxps t rMJ

ÄĄotsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwquÄĄorsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžptsrp r rMJ

9[TS[\HopowtrÄĄoqqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louruqw(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<posqrvJ+psupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqovqv ps (

ortpoxJ+tutvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<owpsrxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqpvpo v pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqrsÄĄoxrtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvtxÄĄoroosp

QĂžTsputstq pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossxoxÄĄotsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossxox

Ç?Çłpoqsp r qMJ

pooxpoÄĄpptotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptotqÄĄoprqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpqrqrq pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprqspu qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprqspu pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<posqqxJ+psttvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ortpqrJ+tutvsvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

posqqxJ+psttvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<posqqxJ+psttvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ortpqrJ+ tutvsvtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\L

I[bL/\Oj[L<ortpqrJ+tutvsvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owpsrqJ+vtutSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posqqxJ+psttvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortpqrJ+tutvsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LououtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orospsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrstt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqppotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?88


qs.V[ipwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt@^LvvwO[+T[bJUp.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/b=L.W[Qqs.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpsSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ortopsJ+tutsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorsrsw pt 

\Oj[L<pqtvorJ+pxsptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otproqJ+oqpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqqrwtu qo rMJ

xwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLowsppsÄĄpoqxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Kqrrox t sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsopvÄĄosqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroottÄĄ

ǜžpusrtt r sMJ

orpsqwÄĄostuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousttwÄĄowqvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourusv(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<otproqJ+oqpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqsqst pt (

ortopsJ+tutsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<osrsqxJ+qwstrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqst v pMJ

/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<owrvroJ+wtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<owsrtxJ+

QĂžTspvrorq pp qMJ

S[\HoxqssuÄĄpqppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprtouÄĄoqtwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpopspq r qMJ

orttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprtouÄĄoqputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvpqqxpw pv rMJ

9[TS[\HporqrsÄĄpptoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprqpt qu sMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprqpt pr qMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<pqtutvJ+pxspsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otpqtrJ+oqptSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owrvqr J+wtqsvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otpqtrJ+

oqptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqprpt pvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqtutvJ+pxspsqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqtutvJ+pxspsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pqtutvJ+pxspsqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otpqtr J+oqptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpqtrJ+oqptSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrvqrJ+wtqsvt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pqtutvJ+pxspsqtS

I[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otpqtrJ+oqptS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouoqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LportqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrotx Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppouqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqovpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?89


qt.V[ipwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^LvvwO[+T[bJUq.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/b=L.W[Qqt.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQptSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<otpqovJ+opxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrwqo pu 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswtpJ+qsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ouovtsJ+qrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xstvqu qp rMJ

wqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotosqvÄĄovsvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqsssqp t sMJ

O[bS[S[\HourwovÄĄovpxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpptoÄĄoqputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpvstx r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsrpuÄĄpoouspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqrxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprpvts qu rMJ

ousuoxÄĄowqvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprqtxÄĄorpssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvos(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<ouovtsJ+qrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqqqq pu (

otpqovJ+opxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otsrsvJ+rprwqo

Â&#x201E;OT]qqrotx v pMJ

\Oj[L<owsrosJ+xurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<owqvtwJ+

QĂžTspwupu pp qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrtsoÄĄpqpwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttqrÄĄossxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpoqtru r qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoropowÄĄorttqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxrwÄĄotsrtq

U\Lvpqquw pv rMJ

oqoutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpptoÄĄpqtrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tprpvts pr pMJ

9[TS[\HovtuqoÄĄoxpsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswsqJ+qsqorvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otpqooJ+opwtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqswsqJ+qsqorvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswsqJ+qsqorvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

otpqooJ+opwtqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswsqJ+qsqorvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouovsv J+qrvtqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpqooJ+opwtqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouovsvJ+qrvtqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otpqooJ+opwtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswsqJ+qsqorvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ouovsv J+qrvtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqvoq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqorprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?90


qu.V[ipwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv@^LvvwO[+T[bJUr.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/b=L.W[Qqu.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpuSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ouovqrJ+qrutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotrrss pv 

ospqttJ+qvtosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<ouovqrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ourqrtJ+rrxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpvqvrr qq rMJ

I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvqrÄĄppqsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqovov

O^Kquprt t sMJ

ÄĄoprtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsqqÄĄpqpwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpwsuso r sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowqwosÄĄpooxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqvrrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvqp(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ourqrtJ+rrxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osovor pv (

qrutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouqrtwJ+rrpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqrtvtt v qMJ

owqvqtJ+wqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<ovswppJ+uswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTspwsqt pp qMJ

ÄĄotssouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwqpÄĄpooutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqoo

Ç?Çłporutt r qMJ

poswrtÄĄppropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptproÄĄoprrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpqqrs pv rMJ

orststÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprpsss qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprpsss pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ospqsvJ+qvtoqqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ourqtoJ+rrxtvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouovpuJ+

qrurtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourqtoJ+rrxtvt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ospqsvJ+qvtoqqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< ouovpuJ+qrurtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ospqsvJ+qvtoqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouovpuJ+qrurtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouovpuJ+qrurtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourqto J+rrxtvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouovpuJ+qrurtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ospqsvJ+qvtoqqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourqtoJ+rrxtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotttosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotoxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqrov Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?91


qv.V[ipwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^LvvwO[+T[bJUs.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/b=L.W[Qqv.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpvSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ourqqvJ+rrwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louqwso pw 

otovowJ+rotsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ourqqv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TO\Oj[L<ouquspJ+rqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pooppqv qr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLorttsxÄĄourwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqvqprx u pMJ

orsosqÄĄotosouÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotostpÄĄottxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžpxswro r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqtqqÄĄpoovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorptowÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprpprr qu rMJ

pptpqoÄĄopoxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvrv(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ouquspJ+rqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ostutt pw (

J+rrwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ourrrqJ+rrspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqststo v qMJ

ovsvsoJ+usvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<ousrruJ+supvt

QĂžTspxpvtw pp qMJ

ovqopuÄĄoxqtqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqppÄĄoqpvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłposww r qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxruotÄĄppqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxruotÄĄporoqo

U\Lvpqqot pv rMJ

ostutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostutpÄĄourwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tprpprr pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<otovopJ+rotqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourqpxJ+rrwsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otovop

J+rotqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otovopJ+rotqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourqpxJ+rrwsoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouqurrJ+rqrsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <ourqpxJ+rrwsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouqurrJ+rqrsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LototspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpxpq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opttqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?92


qw.V[ipwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]px@^LvvwO[+T[bJUt.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/b=L.W[Qqw.X[SM[=[LQ^W\TQ pwSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ouqurqJ+rqrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqpqs px 

otrossJ+rpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ouqurq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ottoppJ+ptqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poprporp qs qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpxoqÄĄoropsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqwssqp u pMJ

orsotqÄĄotospuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottxpxÄĄoutrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžppotorw s pMJ

owsqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqoxÄĄowsrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppprwqq qu rMJ

9[TS[\HoxptowÄĄporrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtr(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<ottoppJ+ptqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottpow px (

J+rqrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<oupqoxJ+rqsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqttpsu v qMJ

ousrtoJ+sutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<otptpuJ+oqstqt

QĂžTspxtrts pp qMJ

ourwstÄĄowsrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtsosÄĄoqtxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpotxpt r qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrupwÄĄpororrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvsxÄĄ

U\Lvpqpvpo pv rMJ

owqwroÄĄpopopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopopqÄĄpptpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^tprwqq pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<otrorvJ+rprtoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouququJ+rqrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrorv J+rprtoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otrorvJ+rprto SI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<

otrorvJ+rprtoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ouququJ+rqrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottoqtJ+ptqstSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouququJ+rqrqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otrorvJ+rprtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

ottoqtJ+ptqstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowosoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqssrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotopstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovptpu Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?93


qx.V[ipwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qoĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qo@^LvvwO[+T[bJUu.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/b=L.W[Qqx.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQpxSQ@[LpupĂ&#x2DC;]L[;MÄ?Q] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ottoqtJ+ptqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howpoqs qo 

Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJQ[J[L<otqtruJ+rotosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<otqprwJ+rososvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ossuooJ+txppt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poquqtqp qt qMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<orqspuJ+ttsustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Kqpoxrp u qMJ

-X[ÄĄpprotoÄĄoprttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxqpÄĄotosqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppptrq s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottxrsÄĄoutrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourwtuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppprtpp qu rMJ

ototpxÄĄousvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvpsÄĄourwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwov(

\Oj[L<ossuooJ+txpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louswow qp (

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ottoqtJ+ptqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L

Â&#x201E;OT]qquswsq v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<otptroJ+oqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTsqoqxtt pp rMJ

ortuprÄĄourwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqorwÄĄowoqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpppopt r qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototpxÄĄottxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrurpÄĄpqpxpt

U\Lvpqpsqp pv rMJ

ovqorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprrtoÄĄorptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tprtpp pr pMJ

ourwtuÄĄovtvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsuptÄĄotosqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otqptrJ+rospqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otqtqwJ+rotoqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otptqsJ+oqtpqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otqptrJ+rospqtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otqtqwJ+rotoqqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otqtqwJ+rotoqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V Q[J[L<otqtqwJ+rotoqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ossuprJ+txpprvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ottosoJ+ptrqqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ossuprJ+txpprvtSI[+L[HH[T :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otptqsJ+oqtpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ottosoJ+ptrqqtSI[+L[H

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJQ[J[L<otqtqwJ+rotoqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ossuprJ+txpprvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovppqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxowpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqptspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?94


ro.V[ipwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp@^LvvwO[+T[bJUv.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x201E;@DvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/b=L.W[Qro.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqoSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ossuruJ+txpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtssx qp 

Q[J[L<ostsoxJ+qxrpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<orpvpxJ+ttqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppxttsu qu qMJ

outsorÄĄoxrustÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpxqvÄĄoroqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqpprutw u qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLostorwÄĄotsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostorwÄĄ

ǜžppqttsr s pMJ

poporxÄĄpptqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptqqoÄĄoprsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqp(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<orpvpxJ+ttqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovsupo qq (

ossuruJ+txpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<osostpJ+qvqwpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqvstrx v rMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<opprowJ+topwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsqptuo pp rMJ

ourxouÄĄowoqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposxpxÄĄpqtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłppqppo r qMJ

otsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtxrqÄĄorsppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvpqpprv pv rMJ

9[TS[\HoppoosÄĄoqqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppprqp qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tprqp pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ostsqsJ+qxrqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<osossrJ+qvqvtqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ostsqsJ+qxrqt SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

Q[J[L<ostsqsJ+qxrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orpvprJ+ttqwqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<orpvprJ+ttqwqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 

9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L< osossrJ+qvqvtqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ostsqsJ+qxrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orpvprJ+ttqwqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovovqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxosqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?95


rp.V[ipwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qrĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^LvvwO[+T[bJUw.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTp.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/b=L.W[Qrp.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqpSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<opqvswJ+totspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrssv qq 

O[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtoqJ+qrpvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ssupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowsqstÄĄporppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqrsosr qv rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorspquÄĄosqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqqpÄĄ

O^Kqprurr u qMJ

orpttsÄĄostvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousvrpÄĄowqxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrr(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Q[J[L<osooqvJ+qvpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowsrtu qr (

opqvswJ+totspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[S[\H<possqqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwsqru v rMJ

S[\HoxquotÄĄpqpqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprupxÄĄoqtxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTsqpsqw pp rMJ

ortursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprupxÄĄoqpwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpprptw r qMJ

9[TS[\HporrtpÄĄpptqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpprtwso s qMJ

U\Lvpqwtw pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqtwto qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqtwto pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<osooqoJ+qvpupqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<possruJ+ssutqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtpuJ+

qrpwrqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ S[\H<possruJ+ssutqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osooqoJ+qvpupqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

Q[J[L<osooqoJ+qvpupqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<opqvsoJ+totrtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtpu J+qrpwrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L< osooqoJ+qvpupqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opqvsoJ+totrtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoovtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovorqw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxooqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?96


rq.V[ipwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qr@^LvvwO[+T[bJUx.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTq.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/b=L.W[Qrq.X[S M[=[LQ^W\TQqqSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotototO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<ppqpsrJ+strwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoppot qr 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqqutqJ+pwqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppqpsr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rvpxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotouowÄĄovswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ovrwqs p rMJ

O[bS[S[\HourxqrÄĄovqpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprotÄĄoqpwpr

O^Kqpsrwu u rMJ

otstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowssrpÄĄpoovtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžpptptq s qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLousvsvÄĄowqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprsqtÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwst(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswooJ+qspssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxsotv qs (

J+strwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;K`\HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owopttJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqxrxrs v rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrvprÄĄpqpxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortussÄĄostotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqqpwqp pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoroqrpÄĄortussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostotvÄĄ

Ç?Çłppsqso r qMJ

oppsotÄĄoqowpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqprotÄĄpqtsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpquqt pv rMJ

orpuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvruÄĄoxptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqttrx qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqttrx pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvtqJ+qspsqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqsvtqJ+qspsqoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsvtqJ+qspsqoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[

8L[bL/S[\H<ppqprvJ+strwsqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqqusuJ+pwqprtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <oqsvtqJ+qspsqoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<ppqprvJ+ strwsqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovswpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoortsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutxrq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?97


pX[7LpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs@^LvvwO[+T[bJUpo.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTr.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/b=L.W[QpU[7LM[=[LQ^W\TQ qrSQ@[Lpup W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rq.V[ipwtQ[\S vvwuqr Â&#x201E;T/M[9M[ J+qprqpvt <prsqSWQj  Q^W\TQMSO.\@@[Q[H^T\OJ[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxorsvJ+rxtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hposstp qs 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<popsqoJ+pqsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxorsv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TQ[J[L<otoxorJ+rourqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqpsuqp q rMJ

-X[ÄĄortutrÄĄotstpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpprÄĄoxquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpuppqx u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxquqrÄĄposxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqttqÄĄ

ǜžpputpx s qMJ

pptqtwÄĄoprsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqxsqÄĄpoppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtu(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqptsJ+qorwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lporvrr qt (

J+rxtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovtporJ+utostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rorurq v sMJ

\JLotouquÄĄoutstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvqvÄĄppqttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqqtsrw pp rMJ

-X[ÄĄoprusrÄĄototpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowqxÄĄortutr

Ç?Çłpptrpt r qMJ

pqqoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposxtoÄĄpprprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvpqrtv pv rMJ

9[TS[\HoqqwtqÄĄorsvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqtqqw qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqtqqw pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqpsuJ+qorwqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxorsoJ+rxtrtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ S[\H<oxorsoJ+

rxtrtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqprpt pvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqpsuJ+qorwqoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqpsuJ+qorwqoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqpsuJ+qorwqoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxorso J+rxtrtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L< popsprJ+pqsxqvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opqpsuJ+qorwqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ S[\H<oxorsoJ+rxtrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louttru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?98


qX[7LpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;quĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt@^LvvwO[+T[bJUpp.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTs.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/b=L.W[QqU[7LM[=[LQ^W\TQ qsSQ@[LpupĂ&#x2DC;]9[\Q9[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototrsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ourvtvJ+rrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppvqu qt 

9SGOO\Oj[L<ovtqouJ+utrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxooJ+qqrtrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9puprv r rMJ

otoustÄĄouttovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporptrÄĄoppsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqpvsurs u sMJ

poowptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpuqrÄĄostwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxou(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<ppsusxJ+pusopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpprsrw qu (

ourvtvJ+rrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otqrqtJ+osotqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rprrrp v sMJ

I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqttppÄĄorooqrQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

QĂžTsqrrotw pp sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrvsqÄĄporptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqurqÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqrsr r qMJ

ostwooÄĄourxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptqrtÄĄoppotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppvxp s rMJ

U\Lvpqprt pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqsxpv qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqsxpv pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ppsusqJ+purxtqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<poottsJ+pqqvtSI[+L[HO`V

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtptwJ+

utrqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspu pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsusqJ+purxtqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<poottsJ+pqqvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poottsJ+pqqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppsusq

J+purxtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ourwpoJ+rrswrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L <ourwpoJ+rrswrqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtptwJ+utrqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppsusqJ+purxtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ourwpoJ+rrswrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< poottsJ+pqqvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqovtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutpso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?99


rX[7LpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qu@^LvvwO[+T[bJUpq.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTt.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/b=L.W[QrU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqtSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<osoxrsJ+qvruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptopx qu 

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<poovosJ+pqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[\Oj[L<owqutxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osoxrsJ+qvruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqoqotq s sMJ

pstvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O\Oj[L<owoqrpJ+vpvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Kqpxqrps u sMJ

porqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsrwÄĄoroqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpqoÄĄ

ǜžppwpqtv s rMJ

orsqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotooxÄĄpprptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqsuv qu rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoworpoÄĄowssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowroprÄĄ

U\LO\ž

oxpuprÄĄporsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpt(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotovos\Oj[LoxrvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqrrqv qv (

wpwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otqsqwJ+osrro

Â&#x201E;OT]rqroro v sMJ

oqttqtJ+tsroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<ppououJ+

QĂžTsqsvqq pp sMJ

O½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotovosÄĄouttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovsxruÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqpst r qMJ

ourxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworpoÄĄoxqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroorvÄĄ

U\Lvpptxpw pv rMJ

orsqqpÄĄotottpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsxruÄĄowsrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^tpqsuv pr pMJ

poppswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoppswÄĄpptrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<pooutuJ+pqqxsoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqttpwJ+tsqxstSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

owqutqJ+wpwsoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqsqpJ+osrpqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqttpwJ+tsqxstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pooutuJ+pqqxsoSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt

pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqutqJ+wpwsoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pooutuJ+pqqxsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<owqutqJ+wpwsoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osoxsxJ+qvrutqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L <osoxsxJ+qvrutqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqsqpJ+osrpqtS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pooutuJ+pqqxsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osoxsxJ+qvrutqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owqutqJ+wpwsoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqorttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousvss

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owssspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpootÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S185

M[\Ä?100


sX[7LpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qv@^LvvwO[+T[bJUpr.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTu.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/b=L.W[QsU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQquSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsroqJ+qpqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqtov qv 

.Ă?­[\Oj[L<outqtxJ+sqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<oworrsJ+vqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qssors t sMJ

ÄĄoppssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstopÄĄpotopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprsx

O^Kqqppqp v pMJ

ouoprsÄĄouttsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxstÄĄovqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppxpvv s rMJ

ouswtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwpqÄĄourxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxstÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqr(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<owqvsoJ+wqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprtpw qw (

opsroqJ+qpqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oorpqsJ+swqxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rrqvro w pMJ

\Oj[L<otospuJ+txtppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrwpp

QĂžTsqssrto pp sMJ

ÄĄoprvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqpxouÄĄorsqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpqqsqo r qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoprtovÄĄorpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotovqsÄĄ

U\Lvpptvu pv rMJ

ovtworÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvtoÄĄotouowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqsqtu qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqsqtu pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owqvttJ+wqppvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<outqtrJ+sqqtoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oworqvJ+vqovtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq qsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqvttJ+wqppvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

outqtrJ+sqqtoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outqtrJ+sqqtoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opsrpuJ+qpqxsoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oworqvJ+vqovtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owqvttJ+wqppvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsrpuJ+qpqxsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<outqtrJ+sqqtoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxswpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousrsw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppswoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

tX[7LpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qw@^LvvwO[+T[bJUps.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTv.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/b=L.W[QtU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqvSQ@[Lpup Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbO9JS

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?101


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ppqqtxJ+ptrwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oporsp

<outrsqJ+sqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L<otqxovJ+otqro

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

>H^Ć&#x152;[JS[\H<popuopJ+sqtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<oxpqsoJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpwtvpo u sMJ

txtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<oqpsooJ+tqsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Kqqqsosx v pMJ

oxqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotovstÄĄouoptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpqoqprp s sMJ

pqpsooÄĄoropouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostprpÄĄotstrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqrxst qu rMJ

pptrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptrsuÄĄoprtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxro(

I[\>\Oj[L<oxpqsoJ+poppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L

qw O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqspox qx (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<ppqqtxJ+ptrwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rsqsrp w pMJ

poppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<ototqoJ+

QĂžTsqtqoqq pp sMJ

OĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLouoptsÄĄoxrwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworqpÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqrsqw r qMJ

oppstxÄĄoqoxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqprsÄĄoworqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lvppttp pv rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoropouÄĄorsqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopqpuÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpqrxst pr pMJ

opppquÄĄoqqxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<outrtuJ+sqtqvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqpspsJ+tqstpvtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[

\Oj[L<otqxooJ+otqpqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h] QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<outrtuJ+sqtqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;

9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqpspsJ+tqstpvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxpqrq J+poppqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspu pvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outrtuJ+sqtqvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<otqxooJ+otqpqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<outrtuJ+sqtqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqxooJ+otqpqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outrtuJ+sqtqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ppqqtrJ+ptrvtoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

oxpqrqJ+poppqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ( \Oj[L<outrtuJ+sqtqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ \Oj[L<ppqqtrJ+ptrvtoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqxooJ+otqpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<oxpqrqJ+poppqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotppsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourxtq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoptprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?102


uX[7LpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;roĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qx@^LvvwO[+T[bJUpt.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTw.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHro/b=L.W[QuU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqwSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoustO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxprqrJ+poprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opswos

<otqxtoJ+otspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L<ospxtxJ+tvtwst

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpsooJ+rvsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovpwtsJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rrvpw v sMJ

I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotowovÄĄoutuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqswÄĄ

O^Kqqsqprp v qMJ

oqpxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvqxÄĄotstsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžpqpquv s sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorputsÄĄostwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousxrtÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxru(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<ovpwtsJ+tquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortoto ro (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGL[;\Oj[L<oxprqrJ+poprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rtqprq w pMJ

tquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;S[\H<pprtprJ+suvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqttutw pp sMJ

opptowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqprvÄĄoxqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłpqssqw r qMJ

\JLororqqÄĄortvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprvsuÄĄoqpxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpptrp pv rMJ

owrporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporsttÄĄpptrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqrurs qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqrurs pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<otqxsrJ+otruoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ospxtqJ+tvtwqvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otqxsrJ+otruoSI[+L[HO`V

99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otqxsr

J+otruoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ospxtqJ+tvtwqvtSI[+L[Hpqs

uwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqxsrJ+otruoSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpwswJ+tqtsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otqxsrJ+otruoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L <ovpwswJ+tqtsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxprrvJ+poprstS I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpwswJ+tqtsvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otqxsrJ+otruoS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxprrvJ+poprstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ospxtqJ+tvtwqvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovpwswJ+tqtsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotovtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqotptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourttu Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqtwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?103


vX[7LpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;p3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ro@^LvvwO[+T[bJUpu.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTx.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHpX[z[L.W[QvU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqxSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovpxrwJ+tqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsoow

<osqosrJ+twortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<orqxtvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ouqxruJ+rrqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpvvtq x pMJ

sovsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLovtostÄĄporrop

O^Kqqurqr v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxtoÄĄovqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvotÄĄpprqrq

ǜžpqqrotv s sMJ

oqoxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpsqpÄĄpqtupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;pppqrrqr qu rMJ

9[TS[\HovtwpsÄĄoxpurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsp(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<otsstvJ+propqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotoqps p (

tttqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGOO\Oj[L<ovpxrwJ+tqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rupwrs w pMJ

otsstvJ+propqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­S[\H<oxppruJ+

QĂžTsqurrrv pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptpwÄĄororqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvrsÄĄotstss

Ç?Çłpqtsqq r qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvtxÄĄoroprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopptpwÄĄ

U\Lvpptpv pv rMJ

ousxtsÄĄowrppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprtrtÄĄorpvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^tpqrrqr pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orqxtpJ+tttqqvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<otsstpJ+pqxtvtS

I[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otsstpJ+

pqxtvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orqxtpJ+tttqqvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspu pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orqxtpJ+tttqqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpxrpJ+tqvrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpxrpJ+tqvrtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otsstpJ+pqxtvtSI[+L[H

MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovpxrpJ+tqvrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<orqxtpJ+tttqqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otsstpJ+pqxtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxruqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LourqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwtu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoovqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppruqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opowpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otooopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?104


wX[7LpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;q3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUpv.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTpo.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHqX[z[L.W[QwU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQroSQ@[Lpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otstqpJ+prppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orsort

ororqoJ+tsstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otstqp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<osrssuJ+twrrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sotupv po pMJ

outvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxppÄĄppqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvrwÄĄ

O^Kqqvsupv v rMJ

otovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxroÄĄortvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžpqrrttw t pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpototpÄĄpprqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptsqpÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqropr qu rMJ

oqrorpÄĄorswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxst(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<osrssuJ+twrrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<

p O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loupppq q (

J+prppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otoutoJ+qxtsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rvptrv w qMJ

ovotrvJ+rstptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotowtqÄĄ

QĂžTsqvpoqo pq pMJ

otststÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqprxÄĄoxqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwprÄĄ

Ç?Çłprsw r qMJ

oxqvpoÄĄpototpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvpxÄĄpqqpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvppsxpx pv rMJ

oprtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrpruÄĄpopqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tpqropr pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ororprJ+tssstqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ororprJ+tssstqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ororprJ+tssstqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osrsrxJ+twrrqvtSI[+L[H

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otstrsJ+

prpstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otstrsJ+prpstSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<osrsrxJ+twrrqvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otstrsJ+prpstSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ororprJ+tssstqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osrsrxJ+ twrrqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoorquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opospuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?105


xX[7LpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;s3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUpw.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTpp.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHsX[z[L.W[QxU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpU[7j[Tpup

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[S0J0Ç&#x161;T\NHS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<osrtpoJ+twrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossvsv

\Oj[L<ororqqJ+tsssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ortptxJ+tustsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spsrors pp pMJ

pqtursÄĄoroqpoQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotoxpuÄĄoutvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqqxropo v rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqvptÄĄpooxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvoxÄĄ

ǜžpqssppq t pMJ

pptrsuÄĄoppqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsv(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ortptxJ+tustsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]

q O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovprrq r (

osrtpoJ+twrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osoxtxJ+qvrpsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rwpqsp w qMJ

OS]j[LQ[J[L<otqotrJ+roqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QĂžTsqvsvv pq pMJ

porrqwÄĄopptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrxquÄĄporrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłprprsv r qMJ

ostwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostwqwÄĄourxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lvppsvrv pv rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pppqqvq qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqqvq pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ororptJ+tssrtvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ororptJ+tssrtvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ororptJ+tssrtvtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ortptqJ+tustroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ororpt J+tssrtvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ortptqJ+tustroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<osoxtp J+qvrpqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ororptJ+tssrtvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortptqJ+tustroSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosporxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqpot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?106


poX[7LpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;t3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUpx.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTpq.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHtX[z[L.W[QpoU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ortqopJ+tusttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ottvsu

\Oj[L<orrqtuJ+tttvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qupxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<orrwsqJ+tupprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqvsxqx pq pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotoxsoÄĄoutvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtpspÄĄporrsp

O^Krppstt v sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworrpÄĄoxqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroqqvÄĄorssqo

ǜžpqtsurw t pMJ

otowovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtpspÄĄowstspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;pppqqrtp qu rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpoprquÄĄpptssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxputoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsx(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<orrwsqJ+tupprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

r O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howovot s (

ortqopJ+tusttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsprtJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rxxsu w qMJ

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortxpqJ+qvrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO

QĂžTsqwqrtw pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptsqÄĄororsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpssÄĄourxss

Ç?Çłprqrpx r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpotÄĄpprqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssqoÄĄ

U\Lvppsuo pv rMJ

oworrpÄĄowstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrqppÄĄpoprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^tpqqrtp pr pMJ

portqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orspqvJ+qupxqvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<orrqswJ+tttutoSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orspqvJ+qupxqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orrqswJ+tttutoSI[+L[Hprtuwpopq

psptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orrqswJ+tttutoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orrwtuJ+tupqpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orrqswJ+tttutoS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orrwtuJ+tupqpoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

<orspqvJ+qupxqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orrqswJ+tttutoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orrwtuJ+tupqpoSI[+L[H XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovoxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosousrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osswprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?107


ppX[7LpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;u3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUqo.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTpr.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHuX[z[L.W[QppU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQrU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<orrwstJ+tuppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovoups t 

osrqstJ+twqtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<orrwstJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ortustJ+tuttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpotqrt pr pMJ

oxrxtuÄĄoppttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstquÄĄpotppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krroqx v sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouosorÄĄoutwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxsoÄĄ

ǜžpqutqpt t qMJ

otpoosÄĄoutppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwqwÄĄourxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxto(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<ortustJ+tuttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtqpu t (

tuppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrsuJ+quqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpoutq w rMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroqopJ+qsrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsqxotq pq pMJ

pqptoqÄĄoprwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqoswÄĄorssrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłprrqsq r rMJ

ovqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruosÄĄorpvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lvppssro pv rMJ

ourxsoÄĄovtwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxtrÄĄotowqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqqoso qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqqoso pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<osrqrvJ+twqtqoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

osrqrvJ+twqtqoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orturwJ+tuttqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

orturwJ+tuttqqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oropttJ+qsrxrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orturwJ+tuttqqtSI[+L[H\JL

JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osrqrvJ+twqtqoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovotosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosoqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprpq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?108


pqX[7LpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;v3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUqp.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTps.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHvX[z[L.W[QpqU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQsU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowtqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ortuqvJ+tutsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovoups t 

osrqotJ+twqruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<ouoqqvJ+qwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<osputvJ+qvsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osstqsJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqrsopv ps pMJ

qrpupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLouosqtÄĄoxsoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krssusv w pMJ

ouosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppttuÄĄoqoxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqprqÄĄ

ǜžpqvtwr t qMJ

ostpsqÄĄotstrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HororopÄĄorsstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqpvqx qu rMJ

oprupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppqtrÄĄoqrprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<osstqsJ+twtupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtqpu t (

I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ortuqvJ+tutsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]rpprtw w rMJ

twtupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqwtwJ+

QĂžTsqxrvsx pq pMJ

O[bS[S[\HoworqxÄĄoxqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpoqxÄĄ

Ç?Çłprsptx r rMJ

oworqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptpqÄĄororopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lvppsrt pv rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoprtsÄĄppttoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttoqÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpqpvqx pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<osstpuJ+twtttqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ouoqpxJ+qwroSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osstpuJ+twtttqt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqt

qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouoqpxJ+qwroSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<osstpuJ+twtttqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouoqpxJ+qwroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<osstpuJ+twtttqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osstpuJ+twtttqtSI[+L[H L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqxppJ+qrpustSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osstpuJ+twtttqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovopoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqswrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?109


prX[7LpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;w3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUqq.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTpt.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHwX[z[L.W[QprU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQtU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osssqrJ+twtrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowposo u 

ouopquJ+qupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ovtwsvJ+utwrvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otpxsoJ+roqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ouopquJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uuprto ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotpottÄĄoutwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krurrss w pMJ

pprrqqÄĄoqqppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvstÄĄotstrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqxsq t qMJ

oqqppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpvqoÄĄostwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsv(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ouopquJ+qtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxrosw u (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osssqrJ+twtrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpqpu w rMJ

qtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpxpwJ+qqtotvt

QĂžTtopsto pq qMJ

porsqoÄĄoppuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqvÄĄoxqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłprtpv r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLorortpÄĄortvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprxqoÄĄ

U\Lvppspsv pv rMJ

outptxÄĄowrrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportrwÄĄpptsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqpspx qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqpspx pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ouoprxJ+qutoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;S JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovtwsoJ+utwqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <ouoprxJ+qutoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovtwsoJ+utwqoS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouoprxJ+qutoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouoprxJ+qtsvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovtwsoJ+utwqoSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovtwsoJ+utwqoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouoprxJ+qtsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouoprxJ+qutoS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouoprxJ+

qtsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovtwsoJ+ utwqoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouowqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owotqp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqssrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?110


psX[7LpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;w3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUqr.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTpu.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHwX[z[L.W[QpsU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQuU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ouooqtJ+qqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxporo v 

ovtvsvJ+utuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGOO\Oj[L<ouooqtJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<ovsoroJ+uppsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upwrtw pt sMJ

porsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuowÄĄorortqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvssÄĄ

O^Krwqppu w qMJ

pprrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxrrÄĄororruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqopopq t rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoutqqoÄĄowrrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruqoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxss(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ovsoroJ+uppsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoossq v (

qqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ousvtuJ+rsproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]rpqtwpt w rMJ

oqqxswJ+qrpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLovtqtuÄĄ

QĂžTtotptt pq qMJ

otstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxqoÄĄovqpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłpsov r rMJ

oppuowÄĄoqpoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqptrpÄĄpqtvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvppsors pv rMJ

orpvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtwowÄĄoxputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqppw qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqppw pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovtvsoJ+utttoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovsossJ+upqqqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

popurvJ+pqsqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<

ovsossJ+upqqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpo pqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovtvsoJ+utttoSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<popurvJ+pqsqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<popurvJ+pqsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ovtvsoJ+utttoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouoorxJ+qrpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsossJ+upqqqtSI[+L[H

9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouoorxJ+qrpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovtvsoJ+utttoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovsossJ+upqqqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<popurvJ+pqsqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxowtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouosqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owopqt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?111


ptX[7LpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;x3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUqs.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTpv.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHxX[z[L.W[QptU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQvU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovrxroJ+uxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoourq w 

\Oj[L<poptssJ+pqrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oxrtoqJ+potvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vosusx pu sMJ

ÄĄoutxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsottÄĄppqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvsqÄĄ

O^Krpoxqp w rMJ

otpoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqpoorÄĄortvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqppurq t rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotprqÄĄpprrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttqxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppqvtv qu rMJ

oqrqqpÄĄortpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxso(

JUQ]\Oj[L<oxrtoqJ+potvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hportto w (

ovrxroJ+uxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrtrwJ+rwqxrvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rprttqs w sMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqturpJ+qsqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotppsv

QĂžTtpqxs pq qMJ

otstqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpptÄĄoxqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxsvÄĄ

Ç?Çłpswtx r rMJ

oxqvqtÄĄpotprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwrsÄĄpqqqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpprxqw pv rMJ

opruqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrrrwÄĄpopsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tpqvtv pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<poptrvJ+pqrxrtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poptrvJ+pqrxrtSI[+L[H prtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovrxqrJ+uwuoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poptrvJ+pqrxrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrstuJ+potusvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poptrvJ+pqrxrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovrxqrJ+

uwuoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrstuJ+potusvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovrxqrJ+uwuoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<poptrvJ+pqrxrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxrstuJ+potusvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtvqx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpposttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?112


puX[7LpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;po3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUqt.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTpw.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHpoX[z[L.W[QpuU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQwU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxrrsqJ+potrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotxtx x 

9SG;S\Oj[L<oxrrsqJ+potrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtvtsÄĄorospp

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpqtptt pv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxspoxÄĄporstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvqtÄĄ

O^Krpptvtr w rMJ

ostwpoÄĄourxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptsstÄĄopprspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrt(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<pqsvqqJ+pwtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppotss x (

porsrqJ+srqtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrqrv

Â&#x201E;OT]rpstqrt w sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpqprÄĄoutxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporstuÄĄoppupw

QĂžTtqupt pq qMJ

pooxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvpxÄĄostwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpspvsr r rMJ ǜžqqqrq t rMJ

U\Lvpprwqw pv rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pppqssu qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqssu pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqsvrvJ+pwtwroSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqsvrvJ+pwtwro SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxrrtuJ+potspvtS

I[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqsvrvJ+pwtwroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrrtuJ+potspvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<

oxrrtuJ+potspvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqsvrvJ+pwtwroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoustqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtrrr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppootxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?113


pvX[7LpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pp3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUqu.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTpx.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHppX[z[L.W[QpvU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQxU[7j[TpupĂ&#x2DC;]M\OĂ&#x160;[bS[ML]M^Ă&#x160;J[59[JU].\@9[ÄĄĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpottO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pprsssJ+ptttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpptqpq po 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pprsssJ+ptttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oorstq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpqsoÄĄovoooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqstrtp pw rMJ

ostpqoÄĄourwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworouÄĄoxqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krprsusx w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsurwÄĄotpottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtrtsÄĄ

ǜžqrqxsq t sMJ

owrspqÄĄpopstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopstxÄĄppttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsqtJ+qtqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpprtsw po (

J+swqsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Q[J[L<ospqpvJ+qvqxqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rptsxsv w sMJ

ovtrtsÄĄportowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqqÄĄorortpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtqsrrp pq qMJ

orosroÄĄorsurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpsoÄĄpprrsw

Ç?Çłpsqupx r rMJ

owsvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoworouÄĄowstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvpprvrs pv rMJ

9[TS[\HoxputpÄĄporttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppqprt qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpqprt pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqspwJ+qtqxtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqspwJ+qtqxtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orqspwJ+qtqxtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pprsrv J+pttstqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqspwJ+qtqxtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<

pprsrvJ+pttstqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pprsrvJ+pttstqtSI[+L[H

M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprsrvJ+pttstqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< orqspwJ+qtqxtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppowtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsxrv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqptorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?114


pwX[7LpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pq3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUqv.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTqo.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHpqX[z[L.W[QpwU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpoU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqpqJ+qosvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqssqo pp 

Q_T[Q[J[L<ottusvJ+rpsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HQ[J[L<osswopJ+qwtvpt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wutuw px rMJ

owstpoÄĄpotpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuosÄĄopsoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krptruu w sMJ

9^\T9S[\HourwrvÄĄovqoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprurrÄĄ

ǜžqsrurp t sMJ

ÄĄourwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourwrvÄĄovtvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqo(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotprov\Oj[LoxsprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqovqo pp (

MS<oprqpqJ+qosvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oqqvpvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpusuuo x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsprvÄĄoppuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTtrqoto pq rMJ

oqqqrvÄĄorsutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouousxÄĄovoorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpsrssv r rMJ

orpvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotprovÄĄoutrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvtu

U\Lvpprusu pv rMJ

ortqptÄĄotppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppptwqt qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpptwqt pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ottusoJ+rpswtqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ottusoJ+rpswtqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqosJ+qosvqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LS MS<oprqosJ+qosvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprqosJ+qosvqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppostuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotswsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovstsq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqppovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?115


pxX[7LpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pr3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUqw.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTqp.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHprX[z[L.W[QpxU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQppU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvoqJ+qtwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvpu pq 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvoqJ+qtwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

otpqtxJ+qxtwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouovpsÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpxqpw qo qMJ

otprrtÄĄouovpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqwÄĄoqpoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Krpvqtso x pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLostpotÄĄotssssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorotouÄĄ

ǜžqtsrro t sMJ

pptttxÄĄoprurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppsptÄĄoqrrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpp(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptqxJ+rvrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsprs pq (

\Oj[L<osoqsvJ+tvptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvssps x pMJ

oxsptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqtoÄĄoxqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

QĂžTtrtwpq pq rMJ

ovqorvÄĄowoqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpupqÄĄorotouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpssrt r rMJ

orsvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoptqrÄĄpptttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lvpprus pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppttps qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppttps pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptqrJ+rvrsroSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<osoqrxJ+tvprqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osoqrx J+tvprqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp

rsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptqrJ+rvrsroSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< orputuJ+qtwqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptqrJ+rvrsroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptqrJ+rvrsroSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/

Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orputuJ+qtwqqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L I[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orputuJ+

qtwqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owptqrJ+ rvrsroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppopooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovspsu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqovpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?116


qoX[7LpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;ps3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUqx.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTqq.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHpsX[z[L.W[QqoU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpqU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osspqsJ+qwrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrpqv pr 

Ă&#x2DC;OG[9SG;S\Oj[L<osopswJ+tutxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HQ[J[L<otqpsrJ+ropxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpptsp qp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoqsÄĄoxqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprsoqÄĄoqqrow

O^Krpxptqw x pMJ

ÄĄortvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsotpÄĄoqqrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqutorx u pMJ

9[TS[\HportttÄĄppttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxop(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[S[\H<popqruJ+sqquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oppxsp pr (

osspqsJ+qwrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otpspoJ+txtxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwspro x pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotpsoqÄĄovopptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportspÄĄoppuro

QĂžTtsrtrw pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvpxÄĄotssrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororsr

Ç?Çłpstppu r rMJ

orpvovÄĄostvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutsrrÄĄowrtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpprtqx pv rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pppptqr qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpptqr pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<popqsxJ+sqqutvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

popqsxJ+sqqutvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ossppvJ+qwrwvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<popqsxJ+ sqqutvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<popqsxJ+

sqqutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ossppvJ+ qwrwvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Q[J[L<ossppvJ+qwrwvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<popqsxJ+sqqutvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrvto

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpostpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqorptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?117


qpX[7LpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pt3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUro.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTqr.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHptX[z[L.W[QqpU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQprU[7j[TpupĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TLT\QTĂ&#x2DC;[OL]M_\G­Q[S[:]M_\G­Q[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<otrxqvJ+rpqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorqusp ps 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otprrqJ+txtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otrxqv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LQ[J[L<otoxrsJ+qxsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xprrxpw qq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvppÄĄotsspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvtqÄĄovqopp

O^Krqptqw x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppurpÄĄoqpootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpuqtÄĄ

ǜžqvtvtu u pMJ

opruruÄĄorpvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvprÄĄoxpursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwto(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[S[\H<ppsrqtJ+supqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqoqso ps (

J+rpqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ottvqwJ+psupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxrwsu x pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovttppÄĄporttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppurpÄĄororrw

QĂžTttprv pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvoxÄĄpprsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsposÄĄorotsq

Ç?Çłpstxpv r rMJ

pqtwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutstuÄĄowrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lvpprstx pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppswtq qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppswtq pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<ppsrpvJ+supptvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L

O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otrxqoJ+rpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppsrpvJ+

supptvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otrxqoJ+rpqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<otoxqvJ+qxsvqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otrxqoJ+rpqtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<ppsrpvJ+supptvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrrts

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqproxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osostwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?118


qqX[7LpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pu3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUrp.V[ipwtP[SH]j\W\PTqs.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHpuX[z[L.W[QqqU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpsU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprovO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ouovpvJ+rqpostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losqqoo pt 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ottutpJ+psssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Q[J[L<osrsoqJ+qwpvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xquptrs qr pMJ

ppqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvorÄĄotssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxtuÄĄ

O^Krqqttrt x qMJ

oqpooqÄĄortvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqvorÄĄpotpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqxtqq u pMJ

pprspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptupuÄĄopruruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrv(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<oossqqJ+swsqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqtotx pt (

ouovpvJ+rqpostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouoxsxJ+qpttt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqorus x qMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotpstxÄĄovoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsqrpÄĄ

QĂžTtttoso pq rMJ

oxqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsppuÄĄotprovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłptvpo r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxrpÄĄpqqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotpsvÄĄ

U\Lvpprsru pv rMJ

owrtrwÄĄpopttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrspsÄĄortrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppppstsp qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppstsp pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<osrspvJ+qwpwptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oossrvJ+swsqttSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottvouJ+

pstpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osrspvJ+qwpwpt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oossrvJ+swsqttSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouovrqJ+rqppqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L <oossrvJ+swsqttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ouovrqJ+rqppqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L

<ouovrqJ+rqppqqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottvouJ+pstpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ouovrqJ+rqppqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oossrvJ+swsqttSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqxtx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxowqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqoxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opttqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?119


qrX[7LpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pv3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUpX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqt.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHpvX[z[L.W[QqrU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQptU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprrtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ouosrqJ+rqqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotptsx pu 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ouoxrsJ+qptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsoqJ+qtsuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poxuqo qs pMJ

otptqvÄĄovoqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporupoÄĄoppurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Krqsstsu x rMJ

pooxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpuswÄĄostvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqr(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<opptosJ+sxtvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsspq pu (

ouosrqJ+rqqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ottppqJ+pqwpo

Â&#x201E;OT]rqprrqr x qMJ

I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxorÄĄoroupxQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

QĂžTtuqwpu pq rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsqsrÄĄporupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqutvÄĄ

Ç?Çłptpsts r rMJ

ostvoqÄĄourvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttqtÄĄoppstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpopqtu u qMJ

U\Lvpprsqo pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppsqrp qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppsqrp pr pMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oppstwJ+sxtvrtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouoxsxJ+qptttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oppstw

J+sxtvrtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouosqsJ+rqqqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppstwJ+

sxtvrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L< ouosqsJ+rqqqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oppstwJ+sxtvrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[ 8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouosqsJ+rqqqqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouoxsxJ+qptttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ouosqsJ+rqqqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oppstwJ+sxtvrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpostpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovquoq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxosqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqotpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?120


qsX[7LpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSqtX[7L>[Ńpw3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pv@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUqX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqu.V[ivoo…QcHpwX[z[L.W[QqsU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpuU[7j[Tpup

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsoqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Q[J[L<otrpoxJ+rorwqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lououqv pv 

1ġSP[ÍMJ9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ottppxJ+pqwqvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

txqvrvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;-\H;Ě„O\LSMS<oqoxtuJ+

„@[T[9poqqpqrx qt pMJ

ovtuowġporuqo„Mj[-X[ġoppurqġororqo„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Krqurtuo x rMJ

orourvġorsxou„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hpotpsuġpprspt„Mj[

Ƕ¾qppqorx u qMJ

owsxrq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Howoptrġowssqp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[ȉpppprxqo qu rMJ

9[TS[\Hoxpupqġporttp„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwow(

>H^I­]LíÊM_O­P[ÍMJ\Oj[L<oppupvJ+sxtxsqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ossotx pv (

Q[J[L<otrpoxJ+rorwqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otorqvJ+

„OT]rqqross x qMJ

qqpt„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotpttuġovoqss„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTtvttt pq sMJ

ostoowġourutu„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howoptrġoxqusx„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzptqqqx r rMJ

-X[ġorsxouġotpsoq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtuowġ

U\Lvpprsx pv rMJ

owruppġpopupw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopupwġpptuqu„Mj[(

„9H^tpprxqo pr pMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oppuoxJ+sxtxqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LS JU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottprrJ+pqxqtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^Ŧ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oppuoxJ+sxtxqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oppuoxJ+

sxtxqqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[\O

dzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oppuoxJ+sxtxqqtSI[+L[H\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oppuoxJ+sxtxqqtSI[+L[H

„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otrpoqJ+rorvstSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottprrJ+pqxqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otrpoqJ+rorvstSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oppuoxJ+sxtxqqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Louprtv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lowqxrp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpospqp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqtsqx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[orppso„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lotqtpp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqqou

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxoorp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpoqxrp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqopqo„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsvrp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortrpp„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď121


qtX[7LpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;px3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUrX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqv.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHpxX[z[L.W[QqtU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpvU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osqxsrJ+qwrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loutqsv pw 

9SGOO\Oj[L<otorttJ+txqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tuqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<pqqqqrJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pptrsst qu pMJ

O[bS[S[\HowsspoÄĄpotpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuswÄĄopsptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krqwqupq x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoururtÄĄovpxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprurpÄĄ

ǜžqpqqwrp u qMJ

ÄĄoururtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoururtÄĄovtupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtq(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ootoqxJ+swtruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrxrr pw (

osqxsrJ+qwrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<orsxoqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrqwu x rMJ

pvsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrowÄĄoppuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtvsrrw pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄoqqsqsÄĄorsxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoxstÄĄovorou

Ç?Çłptqxts r rMJ

orpurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpuqsÄĄoutuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosturr

U\Lvpprst pv rMJ

ortssuÄĄotpsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppprux qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpprux pr pMJ

U\LO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<poorqxJ+ pptvsqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ootossJ+swtsrvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqqqrxJ+pvstrvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ootossJ+

swtsrvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ootossJ+swtsrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/ Q[J[L<osqxruJ+qwrSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqqqrxJ+pvstrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osqxruJ+qwrSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ootossJ+swtsrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpwpp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?122


quX[7LpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qo3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUsX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqw.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHqoX[z[L.W[QquU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpwU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpstxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ororqvJ+qsquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrsrq px 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<orsxrpJ+tuqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<popsqpJ+pqqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppxpqr qv pMJ

oxsrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowopqqÄĄoxqurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Ksopupx po pMJ

ovpwsvÄĄowopqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputrÄĄorovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqprruro u rMJ

orsxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopurwÄĄppturrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvrs(

I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<oooppuJ+susxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourwpr qo (

ororqvJ+qsquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oqppruJ+tqptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqsqtro x rMJ

<ovsvtpJ+upupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLoupoppÄĄ

QĂžTtwqpqt pq sMJ

otputrÄĄoupoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqxÄĄoqoxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłptrvpo r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLossxrwÄĄotsqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorovprÄĄ

U\Lvpprsu pv rMJ

ppturrÄĄopruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopptquÄĄoqrtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppprqtw qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpprqtw pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oooprpJ+sutoqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oqppqwJ+tqptptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<popsruJ+

pqqspvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqppqwJ+tqptptS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oooprpJ+sutoqqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<oooprpJ+sutoqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ororqoJ+qsquvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<popsruJ+pqqspvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LS MS<ororqoJ+qsquvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oooprpJ+sutoqqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LououotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ororsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpspt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orstpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?123


qvX[7LpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qp3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUtX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqx.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHqpX[z[L.W[QqvU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQpxU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppttuJ+pxtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howpqpr qo 

J+srtxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppttuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<ovswspJ+upwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<otovqs

Â&#x201E;@[T[9orrx p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporustÄĄoppuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwqvÄĄoxquqr

O^Ksquqo po pMJ

otsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqtsÄĄortuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqpsssrv u rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoutvppÄĄowrutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportspÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvpu(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]S[\H<potrop

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovruov qp (

pxtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ooptotJ+svqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]rqtqqts x rMJ

J+txrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotpvqqÄĄovorto

QĂžTtwtxps pq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprspxÄĄoqqstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortuowÄĄ

Ç?Çłptsspv r rMJ

opsqpsÄĄoqqstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpupqÄĄostuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpprspt pv rMJ

ppttrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppppqxsv qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppqxsv pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<potqtsJ+srtwtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<potqtsJ+ srtwtoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

potqtsJ+srtwtoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptswJ+pxtutSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opptswJ+pxtutSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pppotrJ+pssqrtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovswrrJ+upvtvtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptswJ+pxtutSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ S[\H<potqtsJ+srtwtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pppotrJ+pssqrtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowpvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotprqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpopx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpopvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppsxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orspqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?124


qwX[7LpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qq3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUuX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTro.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHqqX[z[L.W[QqwU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqoU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpttuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ppppqxJ+pssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howsutp qp 

oxqxruJ+soqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGOO\Oj[L<ppppqxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owtrtwJ+wtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opvttu q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLovtvqqÄĄporutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksrtupo po qMJ

ourtqsÄĄovpwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxquprÄĄpprspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqpttqtq u rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpvopÄĄpqtxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutvrrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppquru qu rMJ

ovttqwÄĄoxptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourutu(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<owtrtwJ+wtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowrrpp qq (

pssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<poospoJ+spttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;OT]rquqoqp x rMJ

otovtrJ+txrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<oqptquJ+tqqqsqt

QĂžTtxrvv pq sMJ

oppuqrÄĄoroqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortttsÄĄotsqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpttppt r rMJ

opsqqtÄĄorovsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuqrÄĄoqoxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpprsqx pv rMJ

owrvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprupxÄĄorpuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tppquru pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<oxqxroJ+soqxvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owtsprJ+wtxsoSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtspr J+wtxsoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr

ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxqxroJ+soqxvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxqxroJ+soqxvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppppssJ+pssssqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxqxroJ+soqxvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V 8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppppssJ+pssssqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owtsprJ+wtxsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppppssJ+pssssqtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqxroJ+soqxvtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owtsprJ+wtxsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowprswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotoxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovouqr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppstrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?125


qxX[7LpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qr3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUvX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTrp.V[ivooÂ&#x2026;QcHqrX[z[L.W[QqxU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqpU[7j[TpupĂ&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;S@Ĺ&#x2030;[Ć&#x2020;Q]@Ĺ&#x2030; Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<owttpoJ+xqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxpxsp qq 

<ovtuoxJ+rursroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ouqxstJ+qtvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?OS[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppvsr r qMJ

ovosrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsrtrÄĄpproouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttrxÄĄ

O^Kststsv po qMJ

otpuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxquÄĄorttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqpvpps u sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotprrÄĄpprspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptusoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppqrqu qu rMJ

oqruorÄĄortupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loururt(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ouqxstJ+qtvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrooq qr (

owttpoJ+xqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovsrpoJ+ruqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqvpvsx x sMJ

<pppttuJ+sstrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpwqpÄĄ

QĂžTtpopts pr pMJ

otsptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvssÄĄoxquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqruÄĄ

Ç?Çłpttwq r rMJ

oxquopÄĄpotprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpproouÄĄpqqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpprssx pv rMJ

oprupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrvroÄĄpopvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tppqrqu pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovtuopJ+rurspoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owttorJ+xpstSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovtuopJ+

rurspoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovtuopJ+rurspoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owttorJ+xpstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ouqxruJ+qtuttSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owttorJ+xpstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovtuopJ+rurspoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ouqxruJ+qtuttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowoxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LototroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovoqqv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpooxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppspsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?126


roX[7LpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qs3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qr@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUwX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqsX[z[L.W[QroU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqqU[7j[TpupÂ&#x201E;;[9^T[Ć&#x2020;Q]LbĹ [¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotputrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ourotuJ+roptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtqow qr 

Q[J[L<ouputtJ+rqqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osoqptJ+tusvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pptrtpx s qMJ

orowqtQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpwtoÄĄovosttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvovÄĄ

O^Ksvrtw po rMJ

oxqtsxÄĄpoowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorptruÄĄosttosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpwxss u sMJ

oppuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourupq(

JUQ]\Oj[L<osoqptJ+tusvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqvsq qs (

ourotuJ+roptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otpusvJ+qxtstqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqwptpw x sMJ

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpqqwJ+rvpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxtvÄĄ

QĂžTtpotrs pr pMJ

oppuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxssosÄĄporvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpusso r rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosttosÄĄoursrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttsqÄĄ

U\Lvpprtpu pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppqopt qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppqopt pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<oupusvJ+rqqstqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourotoJ+roSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<oupusvJ+

rqqstqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<oupusvJ+rqqstqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ourotoJ+roSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osoqoxJ+tusvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourotoJ+roSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<oupusvJ+rqqstqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osoqoxJ+ tusvtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotoprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutwro

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpootttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?127


rpX[7LpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qu3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qs@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUxX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHquX[z[L.W[QrpU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqrU[7j[TpupĂ&#x2DC;]-Ĺ&#x2021;J[-@59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osorovJ+tusxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqtrx qs 

Q[J[L<osrvpxJ+qwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<osorov

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oprupsJ+tospqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqxttpw t qMJ

ovotpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtwpuÄĄporvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppupoÄĄ

O^Ksxqsx po rMJ

oxqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorowsrÄĄortpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžqpxpwqp u sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovtwpuÄĄowtpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtxtoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppppvs qu rMJ

popvqpÄĄpptuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpstrÄĄportpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtsx(

59[JU]\Oj[L<oprupsJ+tospqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqvqu qt (

J+tusxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxpwJ+qrsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqxpqsx x sMJ

Q[J[L<otowrvJ+qxrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotpxpxÄĄ

QĂžTtpprpv pr pMJ

oroqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosswouÄĄoursosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtxtoÄĄ

Ç?Çłpuppx r rMJ

potpqrÄĄpprspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortpruÄĄotpvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpprtsx pv rMJ

owsqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrwooÄĄpopvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^tpppvs pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxpqJ+qrsssqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<osrvpqJ+qwpssqtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxpqJ+ qrsssqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osrvpqJ+qwpssqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osrvpqJ+qwpssqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<opruovJ+tosostSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opruovJ+tosostSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxpqJ+qrsssqt SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

osrvpqJ+qwpssqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<opruovJ+tosostSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowoqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqssoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutsrs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpooqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?128


rqX[7LpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qv3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qt@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUpoX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTrX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqvX[z[L.W[QrqU[7L M[=[LQ^W\TQqsU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvtpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ S[\H<pppupxJ+sstpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppoptv qt 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropsoJ+qspsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqowstJ+qqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpspsw u rMJ

potppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvpqÄĄopsrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqquorÄĄ

O^Kspppqsw po sMJ

ourrrsÄĄovpurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtttÄĄorptowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqoqvt v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourrrsÄĄovtsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvpxÄĄotpvtp

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtqs(

M[SL[\Oj[Lotpxsx\Oj[LoxssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqropu qu (

<pqqtswJ+pvsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<pppupxJ+sstppt

Â&#x201E;OT]sopoqq po pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxssqsÄĄoppuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsqquÄĄ

QĂžTtpqxpr pr pMJ

ortptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupqssÄĄovotrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłpupvqv r rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotpxsxÄĄoutxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostsqpÄĄourrrs

U\Lvppruqx pv rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppppprtr qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppprtr pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroprsJ+qspsqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pooxrvJ+pqrpvtSI[+L[H99­C

S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqqtsoJ+ pvssrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pooxrvJ+

pqrpvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroprsJ+qspsqqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroprsJ+qspsqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VS[\H<

pppuprJ+sstpSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pppuprJ+sstpSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqqtsoJ+pvssrvtS I[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroprsJ+qspsqqtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<pppuprJ+sstpS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpooxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutoso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?129


pP[JpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qw3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUppX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTsX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqwX[z[L.W[QpP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qtU[7j[Tpup W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpX[7LpwtQ[\S vvwvqs /bS/ J+sxqurt <psSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<oxovprJ+rxqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppsqtq qu 

M^V½[9SG;S\Oj[L<poportJ+pqtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ppptssJ+psswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqwqwpv v rMJ

ouproxÄĄoxssrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtxouÄĄoxqtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksprpq po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpuotÄĄovtxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvprÄĄoroxpv

ǜžqqprttu v pMJ

ortqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvrtÄĄpptuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourstx(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprtoqJ+qorutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opruru qv (

oxovprJ+rxqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owovqvJ+utuso

Â&#x201E;OT]spvtu po pMJ

O½H]M[H\Oj[L<owrqrxJ+vtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtpqsvqr pr pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqopwÄĄouproxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppttwÄĄoqowsx

Ç?Çłpuqrrt r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossvqqÄĄotsoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroxpvÄĄ

U\Lvpprvps pv rMJ

pptuspÄĄoprtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppuqqÄĄoqrvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppppposq qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppposq pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<popoquJ+pqtqoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprstuJ+qorurtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<popoquJ+pqtqoSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oprstuJ+qorurtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprstuJ+qorurtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprstuJ+qorurtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

oxovotJ+rxqutvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<popoquJ+pqtqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprstuJ+qorurtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<

oxovotJ+rxqutvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loususr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?130


qP[JpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qx3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qv@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUpqX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTtX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqxX[z[L.W[QqP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQquU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwtoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovprprJ+rssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqropx qv 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owowpwJ+utwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L<ovprpr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

L[;Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<owrroxJ+wottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpqrsqx w rMJ

ovouqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvqxÄĄoppttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovptrwÄĄ

O^Kspsswsv pp pMJ

ortspqÄĄotrxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoropqtÄĄortspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqqssts v pMJ

ostrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutxstÄĄowrwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loursrq(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<pqqqouJ+pvrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqstqq qw (

J+rssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<ouqqsxJ+qrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqtrq po pMJ

ouostoJ+pswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotqosvÄĄ

QĂžTtprqtru pr qMJ

oxqstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprsoxÄĄoqquqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłpuqxrr r rMJ

9^\T9S[\HopsrqsÄĄoqquqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpsruÄĄ

U\Lvpprwu pv rMJ

porstsÄĄppttspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppppvrq qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppvrq pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqqptwJ+pvrqtvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owowpoJ+utwqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqqptwJ+pvrqtvtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pqqptwJ+pvrqtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovprotJ+

rssostSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owowpoJ+utwqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pqqptwJ+

pvrqtvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovprotJ+rssostS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpooqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqptpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousqsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opowpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?131


rP[JpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ro3\Vb9UQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qw@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUprX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTuX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHroX[z[L.W[QrP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqvU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Q[J[L<otrwsoJ+rosrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqtrv

>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<ouqrsoJ+qruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Q[J[L<otrwsoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<ouotpwJ+ptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<ortspt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rquqxtr x rMJ

-X[ÄĄopptsrÄĄoropoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrtpÄĄotrxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kspurtuo pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄopsrrrÄĄoroxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopptsrÄĄoqowqu

ǜžqqrtrtx v qMJ

owrwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprtqxÄĄorpspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loursos(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ppqvowJ+ptpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortrsp qx (

rosrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ostxswJ+txttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]srrx po pMJ

J+tuqppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLovtxqtÄĄporvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtpsrtq pr qMJ

O[bS[S[\HourqooÄĄovptpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqsrvÄĄpprsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpurtqp r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvpsÄĄopooqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovooovÄĄ

U\Lvpprxr pv rMJ

ovtqttÄĄoxprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppppsqp qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tppsqp pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppqvopJ+ptpsqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<potspuJ+prtpptSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[ WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ouotppJ+psxsvtS

I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ppqvopJ+ptpsqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otrwttJ+rossvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝9

9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqs

quLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppqvopJ+ptpsqqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potspu J+prtpptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ppqvopJ+ptpsqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;

9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otrwttJ+rossvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouotppJ+psxsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[

XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppqvopJ+ptpsqqtSI[+L[H 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otrwttJ+rossvtSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<potspuJ+prtpptSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosspttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourwtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opospvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?132


sP[JpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUpsX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTvX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpT[+OL.W[QsP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qwU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxsxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<osqvtqJ+qvstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqwro

9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<otoopuJ+txuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<osqvtq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<ortssuJ+tuqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spopqx po sMJ

ovovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsstxÄĄppropvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrroÄĄ

O^Kspwqqrv pp qMJ

otpxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowprÄĄortrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžqqtrpo v qMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotosvÄĄpprsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppturuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppppppo qu rMJ

oqrvsrÄĄortwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrrs(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<potsrpJ+prtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostvso ro (

J+qvstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<osoqpwJ+tusovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ssosw po qMJ

oqospsJ+tpsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotqpsuÄĄ

QĂžTtpssqpq pr qMJ

otrwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpssoÄĄoxqsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrspÄĄ

Ç?Çłpusotx r sMJ

oxqsqoÄĄpotosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppropvÄĄpqqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvppsov pv rMJ

oprtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrxppÄĄpopvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tppppo pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<potsqrJ+prtprqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<posvtsJ+prrsvtSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq

rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<potsqrJ+prtprqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpx qpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posvtsJ+prrsvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<potsqrJ+prtprqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

osqwouJ+qvsttoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<posvtsJ+prrsvtSI[+L[H P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<osqwouJ+

qvsttoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<posvtsJ+prrsvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L< osqwouJ+qvsttoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<potsqrJ+prtprqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<osqwouJ+qvsttoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<posvtsJ+prrsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqovpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourstt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opooqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orouooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?133


tP[JpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUptX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTwX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqT[+OL.W[QtP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qxU[7j[Tpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqopwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orssquJ+qtttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orruqs

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osoqswJ+tuspqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+ttqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<oorurpJ+swsqvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqrrxru pp sMJ

otqqptÄĄovovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvsqÄĄopptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksqowru pp rMJ

poovqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorprsrÄĄostqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourros(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<poswpoJ+prrssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottsqo rp (

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orssquJ+qtttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orrrrw

Â&#x201E;OT]sstwqx po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoorqÄĄorpoqtQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

QĂžTtptqors pr qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstovÄĄporvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqsorÄĄ

Ç?Çłpusuqu r sMJ

ostqpvÄĄourotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttrtÄĄoppusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqupqqw v qMJ

U\Lvppsppv pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppotvtx qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpotvtx pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<poswoqJ+prrsqvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oorustJ+swtqtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<ppposrJ+psqxtvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oorustJ+swtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poswoqJ+

prrsqvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppposrJ+psqxtvtSI[+L[Hprt uwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poswoqJ+

prrsqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orssqoJ+

qtttpqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< ppposrJ+psqxtvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poswoqJ+prrsqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orssqoJ+

qtttpqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppposrJ+psqxtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orssqoJ+qtttpqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<poswoqJ+prrsqvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orssqoJ+qtttpqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppposrJ+psqxtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqorqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosrsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourotx Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqtuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S185

M[\Ä?134


uP[JpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;rMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rp@^T[/vvwO[+T[bJUpuX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTxX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHrT[+OL.W[QuP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ p\ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqosvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrorpJ+qtpxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osstpv

XĆ&#x161;[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrorpJ+qtpxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

stquqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotqqssÄĄovovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tutpqr pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄosstpuÄĄouropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtvooÄĄoxqrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqptrtp pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsorÄĄotqosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoopsÄĄ

ǜžqqvqptq v rMJ

owrxrvÄĄpopworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopworÄĄppturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqrr(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<pppopsJ+psqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

rp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lousqtt p (

<orrtprJ+ttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½S[\H<pprrpvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sttupq po qMJ

-X[ÄĄowoopsÄĄporvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptptÄĄoroopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtpttxp pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄorpospÄĄortsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotoqxÄĄpprrtp

Ç?Çłputpsq r sMJ

owtqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtvooÄĄowsoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvppsqrr pv rMJ

9[TS[\HoxpqtsÄĄporsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppotssw qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpotssw pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pppoqwJ+psqxqoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pppoqw J+psqxqoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pppoqwJ+psqxqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orroqrJ+qtpxvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[ TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pppoqwJ+psqxqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LS MS<orroqrJ+qtpxvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pppoqwJ+psqxqoSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orroqrJ+qtpxvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosroowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owotqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppoupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqtqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otptooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?135


vP[JpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;sMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]p.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUpvX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpoX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHsT[+OL.W[QvP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQq \ĆľT9JpupĂ&#x2DC;];bLU>H^I­]\W\Ä­\OL[bj9M_@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqppuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvrrJ+quotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ottpsv

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvrrJ+quotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

srswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstqpÄĄopptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpxsvqu pr rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqqvrpÄĄortsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouptrwÄĄ

O^Ksqrrwqo pp sMJ

oprsssÄĄorprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqrprÄĄovoprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqqwrpqr v rMJ

-X[ÄĄortxsxÄĄotqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqoo(

I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<pqoqtuJ+purxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

p O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqsqu q (

osowqvJ+tutpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPS[\H<potsrpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sutrtu po rMJ

S[\HowrxtxÄĄpotopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvppÄĄopssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtpurvro pr qMJ

ovowosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqxrxÄĄovprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłputusw r sMJ

-X[ÄĄostpqpÄĄouqxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqxrxÄĄovtpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lvppsrtu pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppotprv qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpotprv pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<pqorpoJ+purxtqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<osowqoJ+tutprvtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osowqoJ+

tutprvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqorpoJ+purxtqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvswJ+

qupqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqorpoJ+

purxtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvswJ+qupqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppoqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqswrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?136


wP[JpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;tMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]q.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUpwX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTppX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHtT[+OL.W[QwP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQr \ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpsuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<osrtttJ+qwortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loutsqo r 

OO\Oj[L<osovtpJ+tutoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<osrtttJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžS[\H<porwsvJ+srvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqqwrp ps rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqrspÄĄoupuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppstrÄĄoqovpt

O^Ksqtqptx pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossspxÄĄotrusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorppprÄĄ

ǜžqqxsotx v rMJ

pptuqpÄĄoprsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopputxÄĄoqrwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpqv(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqttoJ+qotqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howoorx r (

qwortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otpotpJ+txqusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]svtpsq po rMJ

\JLoupuorÄĄoxstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtuorÄĄoxqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTtpvpur pr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpqrqÄĄovtuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvoxÄĄorpppr

Ç?Çłpvpsr r sMJ

ortsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwppÄĄpptuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lvppstqs pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppposwqv qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tposwqv pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqtsrJ+qottSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqtsrJ+qottSI[+L[H prtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osrtsvJ+qwoptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<osrtsvJ+qwoptSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqtsrJ+qottSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<osrtsvJ+qwoptSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[; M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqowsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqssrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otovovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?137


xP[JpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;uMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUpxX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpqX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHuT[+OL.W[QxP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQs \ĆľT9JpupĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]OTbJOJ[1S@bĹ&#x2030;[¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ottqooJ+rpxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loutsqo r 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otpoptJ+txqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹS[\H<posspxJ+srqoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upstupt pt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpptwÄĄoxqqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrrpÄĄoqqvtr

O^Ksqvssr pq pMJ

ÄĄortprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsspvÄĄoqqvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžrotosq v sMJ

9[TS[\HporrrtÄĄppttpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourotq(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpuqxJ+qssosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howoorx r (

ottqooJ+rpxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ourxroJ+rvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]swsxro po rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqspoÄĄovowssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvtpÄĄoppssp

QĂžTtpvtsrx pr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortprqÄĄotruouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtxpt

Ç?Çłpvuqv r sMJ

orpqpxÄĄostoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoqppÄĄowsoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvppsutw pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppostpu qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpostpu pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpuqqJ+qssoroSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpuqqJ+qssoroS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpuqqJ+qssoroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottptrJ+rpxpvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpuqqJ+qssoroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottptrJ+rpxpvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ottptrJ+rpxpvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpuqqJ+qssoroSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ottptrJ+rpxpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppsvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouptpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqsosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otorppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?138


poP[JpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;vMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUqoX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTprX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHvT[+OL.W[QpoP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ t\ĆľT9JpupĂ&#x2DC;]T\TH[WĹ&#x152;Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqssO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovrpqwJ+rtpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtqtt s 

9SG;S\Oj[L<ourwrqJ+rsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ovrpqw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;S[\H<ppoustJ+ssptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqvpqtp pu rMJ

ortpouÄĄotrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqvsrÄĄovppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqwsuqw pq pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoppsqxÄĄoqouspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvorÄĄ

ǜžrqoro v sMJ

oprsorÄĄorpptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsxrtÄĄoxppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louropu(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Q[J[L<otqxsvJ+ropqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrrqq s (

J+rtpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owqwooJ+vrvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]sxsvqo po rMJ

owopptÄĄporvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsqxÄĄoqtwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtpwrrpw pr rMJ

oxqqqrÄĄpprrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssqrÄĄorppsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpvppo r sMJ

opoosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoqrpÄĄowsoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lvppswrx pv rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppposqt qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tposqt pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otqxspJ+ropqrvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<otqxspJ+ropqrvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otqxspJ+ropqrvtSI[+L[Hprtvxpopq pspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otqxspJ+ropqrvtSI[+L[H

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VQ[J[L<otqxspJ+ropqrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L< ovrpqoJ+rtpustSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrpqoJ+rtpustSI[+L[HL[\S9L

:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourwqtJ+rsqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otqxspJ+ropqrvtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovrpqo J+rtpustSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppsrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovsxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?139


ppP[JpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;wMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]t.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUqpX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpsX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHwT[+OL.W[QppP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ u\ĆľT9JpupĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[Ć&#x2020;Q]Ă&#x2DC;]Q\HS[K[S[L]S@SQ\JL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ S[\H<oxqusvJ+sospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowswqw t 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owqvopJ+vrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxqusvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotqtovÄĄovoxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxststÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vxqppo pv qMJ

oxqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssqxÄĄotqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Ktoqvx pq qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLpproooÄĄpqqqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposxroÄĄ

ǜžrrpoqt v sMJ

owsortÄĄpopwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrxpoÄĄosopppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxrx(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[Q[J[L<ovtxpxJ+ruqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxosps t (

sospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HS[\H<ppsoqoJ+strwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]spostpq po sMJ

pproooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortorxÄĄotrstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovposuÄĄ

QĂžTtpxpqp pr rMJ

oqouqrÄĄortorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqqopÄĄposxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpvptqq r sMJ

pprrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptuosÄĄoprrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lvpptoqt pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppporwts qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tporwts pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovtxppJ+ruqtpoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovtxppJ+ruqtpo

SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovtxppJ+ruqtpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LS[\H<oxqusoJ+sortqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxqusoJ+sortqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqutsJ+

vrsqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovtxppJ+ruqtpoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<

oxqusoJ+sortqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovstswÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?140


pqP[JpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;xMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUqqX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTptX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHxT[+OL.W[QpqP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ v\ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<ppqxpvJ+stxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxsqpo u 

\Oj[L<poqvooJ+pqrrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<ppqxpvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoostÄĄorpqprQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqpqsqs pw qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsttoÄĄporvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqprwÄĄ

O^Ktqusp pq qMJ

osswssÄĄouquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttopÄĄoppvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxop(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[S[\H<poruopJ+sqtutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGO[TO

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxrsrx u (

stxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oopwrvJ+svppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sppsru po sMJ

otqtrtÄĄovoxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvtrÄĄoppsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTtpxtosu pr rMJ

pootqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorppoxÄĄosswssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpvpxrr r sMJ

ǜžrsqoqt w pMJ

U\Lvpptqpv pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppportsr qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tportsr pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<porttrJ+sqttstSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<porttrJ+sqttstSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<porttrJ+ sqttstSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<porttrJ+sqttstSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppqxppJ+stxSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppqxppJ+stxSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

poqutsJ+pqrrpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<porttrJ+sqttstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<ppqxppJ+stxSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouorqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovsptq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?141


prP[JpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;poMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]v.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUqrX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpuX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpoT[+OL.W[QprP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQw\ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqspoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<opqwttJ+touqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lportpo v 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqqxoxJ+pvrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

swrwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotquorÄĄovoxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wrqur px qMJ

-X[ÄĄosspsoÄĄouqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtrqtÄĄoxqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktrsto pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortuqpÄĄotqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoptvÄĄ

ǜžrtroro w pMJ

owsotuÄĄpopwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopwqrÄĄpptttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwqr(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<oppopqJ+sxpxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoottt v (

opqwttJ+touqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<ootsooJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spqspp po sMJ

-X[ÄĄowoptvÄĄporvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopprsvÄĄoqtvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtqoqxru pr sMJ

-X[ÄĄorpqqvÄĄortuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposxoqÄĄpprqtu

Ç?Çłpvqrrr r sMJ

owtrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtrqtÄĄowrvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvpptspt pv rMJ

9[TS[\HoxpoptÄĄporqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppporqrr qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tporqrr pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oppootJ+sxpwtvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oppootJ+sxpwtvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppootJ+sxpwtvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opqwswJ+totstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< opqwswJ+totstSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqqxqrJ+pvrwqoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<opqwswJ+totstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovoutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosoqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovrvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxoutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqroruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?142


psP[JpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ppMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]w.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUqsX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpvX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHppT[+OL.W[QpsP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ x\ĆľT9JpupĂ&#x2DC;]M[cÇ&#x2C6;9­[JU]M\SO\H­L]59[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsrwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<orpupvJ+tsrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqwqu w 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqsouJ+qqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+sxsrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsttwÄĄopprrq

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wptqxso qo pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqwsqÄĄortusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupwqsÄĄ

O^Kttqpuo pq rMJ

oprrooÄĄorpopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotquroÄĄovorswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrusosq w qMJ

-X[ÄĄosoqpoÄĄotqsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvsr(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<orrqqxJ+ttprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporxpw w (

<orpupvJ+tsrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<opqoqr

Â&#x201E;OT]sprrwtx pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrutoÄĄposwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpustÄĄopsssr

QĂžTtqpwqw pr sMJ

ovpopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqstrÄĄovowtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpvqvqp r sMJ

-X[ÄĄossvrtÄĄouqstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqstrÄĄovsvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lvpptupx pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppoqxqq qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpoqxqq pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<orrqqqJ+ttprroSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

orrqqqJ+ttprroSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<orrqqqJ+ttprroSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orpupoJ+ tsrrSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orrqqqJ+ttprroSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

orpupoJ+tsrrSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqrtwJ+qqqrsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orpupoJ+tsrrSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orrqqqJ+ttprroSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovoropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotttrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovrsop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxoropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?143


ptP[JpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pqMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]x.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUqtX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpwX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpqT[+OL.W[QptP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpo\ĆľT9JpupĂ&#x2DC;]O[QL@jÄź] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ossrroJ+twpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqqqrs x 

1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<otrtqpJ+opxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<oprprwJ+toporqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqvrwss qp pMJ

ovtqpuÄĄoxqoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqutwÄĄoupwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktutvrs pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpurxÄĄorpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossorpÄĄotrqqo

ǜžrvtotw w qMJ

ppttrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttrrÄĄoprqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvoq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqutw\Oj[LoxsuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppuoo x (

osoqovJ+quqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ossrroJ+twpopqt

Â&#x201E;OT]spsrutw pp pMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLoupwsuÄĄoxsuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTtqpsvqr pr sMJ

-X[ÄĄopprpuÄĄoqototÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovowpqÄĄovtqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpvrotw r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpqttÄĄortutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwqsÄĄ

U\Lvpptwqx pv rMJ

oppvptÄĄoqrxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppoqupp qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpoqupp pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osoqqqJ+quqwroSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otrtpsJ+opxrqtSI[+L[HQ9S S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osoqqq J+quqwroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq stvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrtpsJ+opxrqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpx qpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ossrqsJ+twxtvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrtpsJ+opxrqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<ossrqsJ+

twxtvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otrtpsJ+opxrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ossrqsJ+twxtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<osoqqqJ+quqwroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossrqsJ+twxtvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<otrtpsJ+opxrqtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovrootÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?144


puP[JpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;prMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUquX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpxX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHprT[+OL.W[QpuP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpp\ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ossqrpJ+twvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvrw po 

otssouJ+osortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ossqrpJ+twvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xxtuqt qp sMJ

osortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<opqqsrJ+sxsvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktwrprv pq sMJ

ÄĄopprooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovrqÄĄoxpxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqqs

ǜžrxpqo w qMJ

\JLoqtuqvÄĄorswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsstpÄĄoqqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;pppoqro qu rMJ

owspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporpsqÄĄpptsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louquqo(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqvqt\Oj[LoxsuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptvou po (

otrsqqJ+opvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ovpqpwJ+sqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sptrsuo pp pMJ

Q[J[L<otpvouJ+qxrspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otssouJ+

QĂžTtqqquqq pr sMJ

I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvqtÄĄovpotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvsw

Ç?Çłpvrsqr r sMJ

ÄĄoqqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorswppÄĄotrprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

U\Lvpqost pv rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoroxqrÄĄossuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovosqtÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^tpoqro pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otrsruJ+opvtvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovpqrpJ+sqprvtSI[+L[HQ9S S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxpp

prpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrsruJ+opvtvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpqrpJ+sqprvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrsruJ+opvtvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<otssqoJ+osppoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpqrpJ+sqprvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L <otrsruJ+opvtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otssqoJ+osppoSI[+L[H

W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otrsruJ+opvtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<otssqoJ+osppo SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovpqrpJ+sqprvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovquox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqproxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?145


pvP[JpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;prMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUqvX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqoX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHprT[+OL.W[QpvP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpq\ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<otsrqwJ+orwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqproq pp 

\Oj[L<ovpqoqJ+sqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<owqoqtJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ouorpuJ+rpqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqqqtro qq sMJ

swqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLowoqsxÄĄporvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktposr pr pMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqqruÄĄovoutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpxrpÄĄpprqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrpoppsw w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpuquÄĄopoosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovossrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;pppopxsx qu rMJ

ovstrqÄĄoxowqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtrv(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ouptroJ+ptvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsrqo pp (

vpoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otsrqwJ+orwuo

Â&#x201E;OT]spurrr pp pMJ

ouptroJ+ptvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ootpowJ+

QĂžTtqrtqs pr sMJ

-X[ÄĄoppqsrÄĄoqtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvsoÄĄotrotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpvrvrv r sMJ

-X[ÄĄopsstsÄĄorprqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqsrÄĄoqosqq

U\Lvpqru pv rMJ

owsprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprqotÄĄorowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^tpopxsx pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ovpptsJ+sqotSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ootpopJ+swqustSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

owqopxJ+vpoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[ Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+X

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ootpopJ+swqustSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; \QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpptsJ+sqotS

I[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqopxJ+vpoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupv

pxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <otsrsrJ+orxrvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouptqrJ+

ptvsoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otsrsrJ+orxrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovpptsJ+ sqotSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ouptqrJ+ ptvsoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< owqopxJ+vpoSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqqpr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqoxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?146


pwP[JpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSpxP[J>[ŃpsMijL[PQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pq.;ƆvvwO[+T[bJUqwX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqpX[7Lvoo…QcHpsT[+OL.W[QpwP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpr\ƵT9Jpup

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<oupstqJ+ptuqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorovrp pq 

\Oj[L<owqopoJ+vxrvt„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[\Oj[L<owtvtwJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<oupxpqJ+rqvpqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

„@[T[9potwpo qr sMJ

suutt„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqwpxġovppqv„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Ktpprsss pr pMJ

ovouowġoxpxos„Mj[-X[ġopsstvġotquro„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rppqqqo w rMJ

posvsq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxpvġpqqotp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[ȉpppopurx qu rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowspsqġpopwqr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqsoqoġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqstr(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[\Oj[L<ouptprJ+ptuvt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ\HMJLíÊK\LƊ[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oprssr pq (

wsr„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[ÍMJ9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oupstqJ+ptuqqt

„OT]spvrpx pp qMJ

ouptprJ+ptuvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;W^9Q­[S[\H<ppttotJ+

QþTtqrssro ps pMJ

oxsuoxġppqxpv„Mj[-X[ġorsvovġotropt„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdzpvsorx r sMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLoqortxġorsvov„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpxosġ

U\Lvpqtrs pv rMJ

posvsqġpprqoo„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttosġoprpst„Mj[(

„9H^tpopurx pr pMJ

osorqt„Mj[(

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<owqooqJ+vxpvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owtvsxJ+wsqrvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\U

ǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S „QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouptovJ+

ptttqtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxpp

prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owqooqJ+vxpvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LíÊH\Oj[L<owtvsxJ+wsqrvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ouptovJ+ptvS

I[+L[H<SW[ù[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owqooqJ+vxpvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ouptovJ+ptttqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<owtvsxJ+

wsqrvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L< owtvsxJ+wsqrvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L< ouptovJ+ptvSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouptovJ+ptttqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouptovJ+ ptvSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

owqooqJ+vxpvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouptovJ+ptttqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owtvsxJ+wsqrvtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lousvpw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowtxov„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpppqpt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH „OL^9[opqxqv„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orsqtu„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotrxtq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovpwpv

„Mj[(Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owsvpw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpopxow„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpqotpw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpotv„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvsx„Mj[( Q[\S185

M[\ď147


pxP[JpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ptMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUqxX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqqX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHptT[+OL.W[QpxP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQps\ĆľT9JpupĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]QÄ°[;OH@jÄź] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqutwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ouptpxJ+ptuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lortxqw pr 

\Oj[L<owtvsoJ+wsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oxotruJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ouorsvJ+rpqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popwtts qs sMJ

sqssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoortÄĄorprsu

O^Ktprrrr pr pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuppÄĄporvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpwruÄĄ

ǜžrpqrqtw w rMJ

osssqxÄĄouqpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrtxÄĄoppvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsow(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<otssssJ+orwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqroqr pr (

xotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGOO\Oj[L<ouptpxJ+ptuqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]spwqxpu pp qMJ

<otssssJ+orwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HS[\H<porsrqJ+

QĂžTtqsqrrw ps pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqwsuÄĄovppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvsoÄĄoppqov

Ç?Çłpvsrro r sMJ

poorooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorovtvÄĄosssqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvpqwu pv rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;pppoprqw qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpoprqw pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owtvttJ+wsqtqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<otssrtJ+orwqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxotqxJ+

xosoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ 

\Oj[L<ouptppJ+ptuqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L< otssrtJ+orwqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvw

popqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtvttJ+wsqtqtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsqu qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxotqxJ+xosoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouptppJ+ptuqt

SI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owtvttJ+wsqtqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otssrtJ+orwqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxotqxJ+xosoSI[+L[HK[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owtvttJ+wsqtqtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otssrtJ+orwqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxotqxJ+xosoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]

Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouptppJ+ptuqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otssrtJ+orwqtS I[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouptppJ+ptuqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owtvttJ+wsqtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otssrtJ+orwqtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxotqxJ+ xosoSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?148


TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppowqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovpsqq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoptpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqopqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqovoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qoP[JpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;puMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ps.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUroX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqrX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpuT[+OL.W[QqoP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpt\ĆľT9JpupMjT[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;X\QT \MH`MĂ­  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvqtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<otsssxJ+orxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lossvrt ps 

\Oj[L<oxotsoJ+xpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<owsttqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otpwtrJ+qxrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppppxqs qt sMJ

rwqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotqxprÄĄovpqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktpsroqp pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄosrvqsÄĄouqopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsxpoÄĄoxpwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžrprsrsp w sMJ

pprprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortwqvÄĄotqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;pppopopv qu rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowsptvÄĄpopwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopwqoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrqr(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<ossuowJ+twpppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqwsu ps (

wporqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otsssxJ+orxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]spxqvqu pp qMJ

ossuowJ+twpppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtottJ+

QĂžTtqtqto ps pMJ

-X[ÄĄoworqsÄĄporvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopppswÄĄoqtsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpvsuw r sMJ

-X[ÄĄorprtxÄĄortwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposvotÄĄ

U\Lvpqpost pv rMJ

oworqsÄĄowtsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsxpoÄĄowrrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^tpopopv pr pMJ

pptssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxovooÄĄporoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?149


@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxottuJ+xpsvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<owstsuJ+wpopvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L -bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otstorJ+orxrtSI[+L[H

O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LíÊH\Oj[L<oxottuJ+xpsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owstsuJ+ wpopvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L\OdzX[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<otstorJ+orxrtSI[+L[H\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L

XO[„L/\Oj[L<oxottuJ+xpsvtSI[+L[H\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/ \Oj[L<owstsuJ+wpopvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otstorJ+

orxrtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxottuJ+xpsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ossuooJ+twpotqtSI[+L[H „J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otstorJ+orxrtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ossuooJ+twpotqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< otstorJ+orxrtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;\JLJó[„J[VM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L< oxottuJ+xpsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;\JLJó[„J[VM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ossuooJ+twpotqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owstsuJ+wpopvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lourxqv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowtppu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpposqr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH „OL^9[opqprt„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orrtos„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotrqop„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovpoqu

„Mj[(Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owrxqt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpopppu„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpptvqu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqorot„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxtu„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď150


qpP[JpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pwMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pt.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUrpX[7LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqsX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpwT[+OL.W[QqpP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpu\ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvtqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ossupqJ+twppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotrppw pt 

\Oj[L<owsuqoJ+wppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<owopsoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osoutwJ+qurrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppsswro qu sMJ

rrpopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsuprÄĄopppqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Ktptttq pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqqxruÄĄortwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqotwÄĄovpqpv

ǜžrpstsqx w sMJ

oroutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqxrxÄĄovottqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrpo

S[Č&#x2030;pppovu qu rMJ

ÄĄotqvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqru(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<orqptvJ+tsrxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osqwow pt (

upwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG;S\Oj[L<ossupqJ+twppqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqoqtrv pp rMJ

orqptvJ+tsrxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<oustsrJ+

QĂžTtqtsqt ps pMJ

S[\HowrrosÄĄposusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpttsÄĄopstoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpvswrt r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupxqqÄĄovortuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprossÄĄ

U\Lvpqprqx pv rMJ

ÄĄoupxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupxqqÄĄovsqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosospx

Â&#x201E;9H^tpovu pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owsuprJ+wppqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owoprsJ+upwsqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owsuprJ+wppqtSI[+L[H

O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsuprJ+wppqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owoprsJ+ upwsqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

owsuprJ+wppqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<orqptpJ+tsrxqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsuprJ+wppqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orqptpJ+tsrxqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owoprsJ+upwsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppooqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovouro

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoovqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?151


qqP[JpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pxMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pu.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUpP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqtX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpxT[+OL.W[QqqP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ pv\ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oprutuJ+topuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louposx pu 

<outvqoJ+rrvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrptx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Q[J[L<osqqrqJ+qvppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqwrqpu qv sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrootÄĄouqppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopppoxÄĄoqoqqr

O^Ktpvpvqt pr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosruosÄĄotqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpsqqÄĄ

ǜžrputqq w sMJ

pptspxÄĄoproqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvoxÄĄoqsotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpsx(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<owoqowJ+uqovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otqvpt pu (

J+qqrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oprutuJ+topuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqpqrtp pp rMJ

\JLouqppxÄĄoxsupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsvtoÄĄoxpvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTtquqpqs ps pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovorppÄĄovsvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptstÄĄorpsqq

Ç?Çłpvtoto r sMJ

ortxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwptÄĄpptspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lvpqpupx pv rMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppportt qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tportt pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owoqqpJ+uqosoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<outvppJ+rrusoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owoqqpJ+uqosoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owoqqpJ+uqosoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<outvppJ+rrusoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owoqqpJ+uqosoSI[+L[H

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outvppJ+rrusoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opruswJ+toptsqt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owoqqpJ+uqosoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opruswJ+toptsqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ\Oj[L<outvppJ+rrusoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoturpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovoqrs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoorqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppsxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opttprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?152


qrP[JpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qoMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUqP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTquX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqoT[+OL.W[QqrP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpw\ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwsuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ S[\H<pprsruJ+stpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousutv pv 

otrustJ+opsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pqrvtwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsrqxJ+qorqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opqqwtv p sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoqqtÄĄoxpurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprotpÄĄoqqxsx

O^Ktpwrvqp pr rMJ

ÄĄorssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstosÄĄoqqxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžrpvpupx x pMJ

9[TS[\HpoqxqoÄĄpptrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpop(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<outvsuJ+rrwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louqtso pw (

pvswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<pprsruJ+stpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sqqqqv pp rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrorpÄĄovpqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvqrÄĄopposx

QĂžTtqvost ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorssptÄĄotqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtrou

Ç?Çłpvtqtq r sMJ

orottrÄĄosspsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovouqtÄĄowsqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpqpxps pv rMJ S[Č&#x2030;pppoost qu rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^tpoost pr pMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<outwooJ+rrwsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otrurwJ+opspqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outwooJ+rrwsqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrurwJ+opspqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outwooJ+rrwsqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otrurwJ+opspqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otrurwJ+opspqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pprsqw

J+stxtqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<outwooJ+rrwsqtSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<pprsqwJ+stxtqtSI[+L[H Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Loutwrv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppstrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?153


qsP[JpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qpMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUrP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqvX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqpT[+OL.W[QqsP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQpx\ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<oxpxsoJ+rxrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqotq pw 

J+opuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<osotopJ+tuqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oxpxsoJ+rxrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owowssJ+urrqqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqurux q sMJ

XV­G\Oj[L<ovtqrrJ+ttqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLowosow

O^Ktpxtsrx pr rMJ

otqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupusxÄĄovoprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpuovÄĄ

ǜžrpwqvqq x pMJ

oppoqwÄĄoqoprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqptquÄĄopooptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxtvrs qu qMJ

orotqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsotqÄĄoxosttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqopq(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<otrvrr

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqrrw px (

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG;S\Oj[L<poqwswJ+pqqsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Â&#x201E;OT]sqrqoqt pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<potqrrJ+prqruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTtqvsopo ps qMJ

ÄĄporvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppoqwÄĄoqtqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrrxÄĄ

Ç?Çłpvtssr r sMJ

pproruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstotÄĄorpsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Lvpqqqps pv rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovouspÄĄowsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqxrvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^txtvrs pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<otrvswJ+opvvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxpxttJ+rxrqqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<osostsJ+tuqrsvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ S[\H<oxpxttJ+rxrqqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrvswJ+opvvtS

I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osostsJ+tuqrsvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrvswJ+opvvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otrvswJ+opvvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxpxttJ+ rxrqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<osostsJ+tuqrsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H< oxpxttJ+rxrqqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otrvswJ+opvvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxpxttJ+rxrqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osostsJ+tuqrsvt SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opottqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotpupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoutsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxttrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppspsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osospqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?154


qtP[JpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qqMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUsP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqwX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqqT[+OL.W[QqtP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqo\ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<outvpoJ+rrrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtrtp px 

\Oj[L<oqqusxJ+tqpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otsrstJ+orottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppototv s pMJ

twprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrpqrÄĄovprpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktqpxpo pr sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovootpÄĄoxptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstotÄĄotqxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpxrwqx x pMJ

postqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwppÄĄpqpxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;ppxtsqr qu qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsqrpÄĄpopwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqspprÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxqq(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<osoupoJ+tuqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowqptx qo (

owoxrrJ+urtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<outvpoJ+rrrsqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqspwst pp sMJ

XV­G\Oj[L<ovtrqoJ+ttstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<osswrxJ+

QĂžTtqwpxrw ps qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxsupsÄĄppqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsroqÄĄotqstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpvtuqp r sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqopotÄĄorsroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxptruÄĄ

U\Lvpqqtqo pv rMJ

postqtÄĄpproqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrsoÄĄopqxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^txtsqr pq sMJ

osotquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oqqusqJ+tqpwpvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtrrsJ+tttqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqqusqJ+

tqpwpvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqqusqJ+tqpwpvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<outvorJ+rrrspoSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<outvorJ+rrrspoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtrrsJ+ tttqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<outvorJ+rrrspoSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqqusqJ+tqpwpvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoupxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotpqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoutostÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?155


quP[JpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSqvP[J>[ŃqrMijL[PQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qo.;ƆvvwO[+T[bJUtP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqxX[7Lvoo…QcHqrT[+OL.W[QquP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqp\ƵT9Jpup

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrootO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ Q[J[L<osrpotJ+qvqxpt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqvqp qo 

O[TO\Oj[L<otssrpJ+orqto„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<osrpotJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

;S„R[;OÅ\Oj[L<ossxqvJ+twptpo„Mj[I[+L[H\W\ĭ\Oj[L<

„@[T[9pqtpoq t pMJ

orptotQbXŃbR[;\JLotrpsxġovprrt„Mj[-X[ġporvouġ

O^Ktqqqosp pr sMJ

oxptosġpoooos„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorosptġosrxrx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rqosxsp x qMJ

opputv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwrq(

LOQ]LíÊQ`;\US[\Oj[L<oosusxJ+swvro„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqpss qp (

qvqxpt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<orpvrwJ+tsqsrqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]sqtpvv pp sMJ

opsrqoJ+toqwsvt„Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;S[\Hopooosġ

QþTtqwtxpo ps qMJ

opoxst„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuprġporvou„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzpvtvsv r sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrxrxġouptor„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptqrsġ

U\Lvpqqwrq pv rMJ S[ȉppxtppq qu qMJ „9H^txtppq pq sMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L XSM;H[S[ÑbH½9Q[J[L<osrotwJ+qvqwtvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oosuspJ+swvpoSI[+L[H\QI^L

S[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsssuJ+ orrqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ Q[J[L<osrotwJ+

qvqwtvtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprpt

pupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oosuspJ+swvpoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L -9S[\L\Oj[L<oosuspJ+swvpoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 

9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<osrotwJ+qvqwtvtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otsssuJ+orrqvtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osrotwJ+qvqwtvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oosuspJ+swvpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loupttp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowqvrx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpososw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqtwoo„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[orppqx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lotowqt„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Loususx„Mj[( Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owpttp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxsvsp„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpprrtp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprxro„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortuqq„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď156


qvP[JpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qsMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qp.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUuP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTroX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqsT[+OL.W[QqvP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qq\ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrorpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqouqtJ+qpquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxoqts qp 

9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqouqtJ+qpquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sqtqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotrqpsÄĄovprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qxqxts u pMJ

-X[ÄĄosrqrsÄĄoupspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsspvÄĄoxpsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktqrqwuo ps pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortxtwÄĄotrootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowosrvÄĄ

ǜžrqqotw x qMJ

owsqsrÄĄpopvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvtvÄĄpptrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvsp(

I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[S[\H<pppoopJ+sstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqrtr qq (

oottroJ+swqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HS[\H<posotpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]squptrp pp sMJ

-X[ÄĄowosrvÄĄporvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxqrÄĄoqtotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtqxrwss ps qMJ

-X[ÄĄorpstsÄĄortxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpossrqÄĄppqxru

Ç?Çłpvtxp r sMJ

owttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsspvÄĄowqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvpqrpsx pv rMJ

9[TS[\HoxorowÄĄpoqvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxswp qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txswp pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9S[\H<ppoxttJ+sstptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoupwJ+qpqupqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppoxttJ+sstpt SI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppoxttJ+sstptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<ppoxttJ+sstptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoupwJ+qpqupqt

SI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LS MS<oqoupwJ+qpqupqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<ppoxtt J+sstptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoupptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotosqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owppttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?157


qwP[JpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qtMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUvP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTrpX[7LvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqtT[+OL.W[QqwP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qr\ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrotvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ppsvrpJ+ptrwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxsqpq qq 

S[\H<oxsosxJ+soqpqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxrwpwJ+popsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqrsutx v qMJ

oxsuppÄĄopoxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqwsqÄĄposspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktqsrrts ps pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouqrqqÄĄovpsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouprptÄĄ

ǜžrqrpqpx x qMJ

otrqrxÄĄovovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrwppÄĄouprptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupusx(

59[JU]\Oj[L<oxrwpwJ+popsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqwtr qr (

ppsvrpJ+ptrwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<posppvJ+sqtqrvt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqvprtw pq pMJ

OS]j[LQ[J[L<ovssrqJ+rtrostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTuopwqq ps rMJ

pqpsqwÄĄopsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqxttÄĄosooprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłpwor r sMJ

outwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwoqÄĄororouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lvpqrtpp pv rMJ

ouprptÄĄovrvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosottqÄĄotrorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxsstp qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txsstp pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovsssuJ+rtrpqoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[S[\H<oxsosqJ+soqppoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppsvqtJ+ptrvtvt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovsssuJ+rtrpqoSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

oxsosqJ+soqppoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxsosqJ+soqppoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrwrpJ+popssoSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppsvqtJ+ptrvtvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

oxrwrpJ+popssoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppsvqtJ+ptrvtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxsosqJ+soqppoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L <oxrwrpJ+popssoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouowooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH \Oj[LpqtooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ororrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lourwtx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppquooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?158


qxP[JpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;quMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qr.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUwP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHquT[+OL.W[QqxP[ȢM[=[LQ^W\TQ qs\ĆľT9JpupĂ&#x2DC;]/\Ĺ S[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxrxqtJ+poputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqvop qr 

\Oj[LovstpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsppJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owsoopJ+rvswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rvtvtq w qMJ

qwrruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLouqrspÄĄoxsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Ktqtrtpo ps pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowrwÄĄoptxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvrtÄĄovsqsx

ǜžrqsqrss x rMJ

otqpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorptpsÄĄosooqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppxspso qu qMJ

9[TS[\HoppuqwÄĄoqsppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupttu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<ovstpwJ+trortÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrros

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqruow qs (

rvwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxrxqtJ+poputt

Â&#x201E;OT]sqwpqqv pq pMJ

ovstpwJ+trortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Q[J[L<ostwptJ+

QĂžTuotws ps rMJ

S[\HovsqsxÄĄoxprpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrrosÄĄouqrsp

Ç?Çłpwotq r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpspuÄĄorptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrpouÄĄ

U\Lvpqrwrw pv rMJ

popvswÄĄpptqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptqsqÄĄopqvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^txspso pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsorJ+rvwroSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ

\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxrxpxJ+popusoSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsorJ+rvwroSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpv pxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsorJ+

rvwroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrxpxJ+popusoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrxpxJ+popuso SI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovstrqJ+trppoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxrxpxJ+popusoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsorJ+ rvwroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovstrq J+trppoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orssrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?159


roP[JpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qvMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qs.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUxP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqvT[+OL.W[QroP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqt\ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpsxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovsuotJ+trqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppwst qs 

oupqowJ+prurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<outuqsJ+rrqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqptxqw x qMJ

oqqtqoJ+qqposoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrqxÄĄ

O^Ktqurqrs ps pMJ

oxpqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqwssÄĄoqroorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžrqtrtps x rMJ

9^\T9S[\HopsssrÄĄoqroorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroptuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxrwqx qu qMJ

poquqsÄĄpptpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptor(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrrqx\Oj[LovsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsrqu qt (

ovqstoJ+rsrxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovsuotJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sqxpotw pq pMJ

\Oj[L<oupqowJ+prurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\UOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

QĂžTuprvsw ps rMJ

ovpsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporurxÄĄopowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutussÄĄ

Ç?Çłpwpqx r sMJ

orrxtoÄĄotqotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxpwÄĄorrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpqsqpo pv rMJ

osrusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovowpsÄĄowsqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^txrwqx pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovqssrJ+rsrxvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oupqopJ+pruqoSI[+L[H\W+X S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[

@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovsupxJ+trrvtSI[+L[H

O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[\Oj[L<oupqopJ+pruqoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŌO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovqssr J+rsrxvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovqssrJ+rsrxvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovsupxJ+trrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsupxJ+trrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupqopJ+pruqoSI[+L[HW[:T:/

:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovsupxJ+trrvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ \Oj[L<oupqopJ+pruqoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?160


rpP[JpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qt.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUpoP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTrP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqwT[+OL.W[QrpP[Ȣ M[=[LQ^W\TQqu\ĆľT9JpupĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]\OÇ&#x2C6;9Q­[M^@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqpsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<oupqrqJ+prvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqpvsr qt 

Q[J[L<ousussJ+rrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<otoqqoJ+twsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9stsxu po qMJ

ÄĄporurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovtpÄĄoqswsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxpoÄĄ

O^Ktqvqtto ps qMJ

ppqwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsssqÄĄorptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžrqususx x sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovowqxÄĄowsrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqusuÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupspo(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<otoqqoJ+twsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvro qu (

oupqrqJ+prvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<otrsopJ+ropqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]toxrp pq qMJ

\Oj[L<pqoxpwJ+puqxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLowotpr

QĂžTuqpvru ps rMJ

otqooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupoqwÄĄoutttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpqpoÄĄ

Ç?Çłpwptr r sMJ

opovtpÄĄoptwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqprtpÄĄpqtxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpqstsw pv rMJ

oropqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrtrwÄĄoxooswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxrtpw qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txrtpw pq sMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ousutxJ+rrrstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oupqqtJ+prvqoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ousutxJ+rrrstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ousutxJ+rrrstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupqqtJ+prvqoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/

\Oj[L<otoqpqJ+twsostSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oupqqtJ+prvqoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ousutxJ+rrrstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otoqpqJ+twsostSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowowooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?161


p.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;roMÄłL[PQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qu.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUppP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTsP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHroT[+OL.W[Qp.\XȤ

M[=[LQ^W\TQqv\ƾT9Jpup W[+ž[\ğX\QH/roP[JpwtQ[\S vvwwqs \L+bIg9[M[ J+topxqt <prxS WQj 

QX[Tj[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;T\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otoqqsJ+twspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqqqo

Q[J[L<ourspqJ+rqrostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<ospxrqJ+tutrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spxqsst pp qMJ

vrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotrspxÄĄouqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktqwpsss ps qMJ

outtorÄĄovsorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpprtÄĄorptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqvtwqv x sMJ

osqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqustÄĄpqpvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;ppxrqv qu qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsrovÄĄpopvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsprrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louprpt(

I[\>\Oj[L<ospxrqJ+tutrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]

qu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorstqp qv (

otoqqsJ+twspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<osrvrqJ+qvrxt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpwu pq qMJ

W[K½\Oj[L<popqsqJ+pprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<owrwopJ+

QĂžTuqtvqv ps rMJ

ovptopÄĄowotqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuqsÄĄopovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpwqt r sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqssoÄĄovptopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoptvswÄĄ

U\Lvpqsxro pv rMJ

posqrvÄĄppqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptpttÄĄopquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^txrqv pq sMJ

osoutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž/H/Q[J[L<ossqrqJ+ qvtprt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<oursotJ+rqroqvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ospxquJ+tutqsvtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

popqrtJ+pprusqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L< ospxquJ+tutqsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<oursotJ+rqroqvtSI[+L[Hqstvxpppr pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L< oursotJ+rqroqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<oursotJ+

rqroqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ospxquJ+tutqsvtSI[+L[H

9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L <popqrtJ+pprusqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<oursotJ+rqroqvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ospxquJ+tutqsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowososÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpopvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LossstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?162


q.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qv.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUpqP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTtP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qq.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQqw\ĆľT9JpupÂ&#x201E;QS[Q[X[SMjT[\JL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrosO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<ospxrtJ+tutrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqqxqs

Q[J[L<ousxsrJ+rrwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGL[;\Oj[L<ospxrt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<osourwJ+tupxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqstv pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrsssÄĄovptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktqwtwuo ps qMJ

pqprqtÄĄorpttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosopqvÄĄotrqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqxpopp x sMJ

oxturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorooovÄĄosrsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqqo(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<osourwJ+tupxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

qv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losrtsr qw (

J+tutrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜQ[J[L<osoxoxJ+quqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]tquss pq qMJ

owrwosJ+vrxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<ovqvrpJ+ssptvt

QĂžTurrvqp ps sMJ

optvpwÄĄorrvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutsppÄĄoxturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpwqt r sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuopÄĄporupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxppooÄĄ

U\Lvpqtrpw pv rMJ

osrsqpÄĄouowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptorvÄĄoppuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxqwtv qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txqwtv pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ousxtwJ+rrxvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ousxtw J+rrxvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L< ousxtwJ+rrxvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

osoutqJ+tuqoqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ousxtwJ+rrxvtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<osoutqJ+tuqoqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osoutqJ+

tuqoqoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrwqoJ+vsoqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ousxtwJ+rrxvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<osoutq J+tuqoqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotswpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqroqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LossottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovswpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppouqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?163


r.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUprP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTuP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qr.\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQqx \ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<osouspJ+tupxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrtrv

Q[J[L<ovrtqxJ+rtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osqtqtJ+tvtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tptsxso pr qMJ

qstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtowÄĄouqtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktqxrwqp ps qMJ

osqvpvÄĄouovrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrpxÄĄoxtuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžsoqptw po pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowotrwÄĄowttswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrxopÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppxqtsu qu qMJ

popvpxÄĄpptpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowtwtxÄĄpoqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louppqt(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<osqtqtJ+tvtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotpxor qx (

osouspJ+tupxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<osppsrJ+qurqqvt

Â&#x201E;OT]trtqs pq qMJ

ǜž\Oj[L<ovqvpqJ+ssppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<ousproJ+

QĂžTuspvpx ps sMJ

ovptqwÄĄoxsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuqwÄĄorrvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpwptq r sMJ

pqprpqÄĄorpttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosopspÄĄotrrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpqtvpp pv rMJ

owqssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsrptÄĄpopvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^txqtsu pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ovrtqpJ+rtprqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ovrtqpJ+rtprqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovrtqpJ+rtprqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<osqtpwJ+tvtqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osqtpwJ+tvtqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osqtpwJ+tvtqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[

Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovqvqvJ+sspsvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT

/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovrtqpJ+rtprqtS I[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L< osqtpwJ+tvtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpooxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppoqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opowoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?164


s.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;rJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUpsP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTvP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHrÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qs.\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQro \ĆľT9Jpup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrtsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osqsssJ+tvruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrwts

owtproJ+rwpottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osqsssJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<otpssvJ+txwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqwrwss ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtrqÄĄouqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kuopqrr ps rMJ

osquroÄĄouourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtwstÄĄoqroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsprrsx po pMJ

ovptspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouourxÄĄoutqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppxqqrt qu qMJ

-X[ÄĄosrqsuÄĄouourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouourxÄĄovrqro

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoqw(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<otpssvJ+txwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottusw ro (

tvruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ossttxJ+qvtvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]tssu pq rMJ

ousosxJ+qsspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<oupwtpJ+pswpvt

QĂžTustvqo ps sMJ

ovptspÄĄoxstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuowÄĄorruquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpwpqv r sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqroqoÄĄorpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqtrvÄĄ

U\Lvprpw pv rMJ

opqstxÄĄoqtwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrtrqÄĄovoxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^txqqrt pq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosovrwÄĄotrrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ossttpJ+qvtusvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtpsrJ+rwppqvtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ossttpJ+

qvtusvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtpsrJ+rwppqvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpsrwJ+txvstS

I[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ousporJ+qsssvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[ <owtpsrJ+rwppqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otpsrwJ+txvstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpootqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqruouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouppqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovsoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oposovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?165


t.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;sJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ro.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUptP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTwP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qt.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrspxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<otprssJ+txtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otrwsq

portttJ+sqrotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG;S\Oj[L<otprssJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ourqpqJ+qqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uppprro pt qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLouqtttÄĄowtttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kuospqp ps rMJ

pqpqssÄĄopssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroqrÄĄotrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqstst po pMJ

otptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpupuÄĄosoqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppxpxqs qu qMJ

9[TS[\HopptsxÄĄoqsptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxrq(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ourqpqJ+qqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]S[\H<

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lourosp rp (

txtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otsxsrJ+rortqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ttqtp pq rMJ

oupwrpJ+psvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<oupwpoJ+pstrt

QĂžTutrvqs ps sMJ

pqptswÄĄorrtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqrpxÄĄoxttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpwosx r sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosqtsrÄĄotptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqtsrÄĄ

U\Lvprtpo pv rMJ

popvotÄĄpptosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptosxÄĄopqsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^txpxqs pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9S[\H<poruppJ+sqrprvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L 9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poruppJ+sqrprvtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<poruppJ+sqrprvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ourqqwJ+

qqpqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[VS[\H<poruppJ+sqrprvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ourqqwJ+qqpqoS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L

<oupwqtJ+psvpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ S[\H<poruppJ+sqrprvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< ourqqwJ+qqpqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotrurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpooproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouovrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxowqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?166


u.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;sJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rp.;Ć&#x2020;vvwO[+T[bJUpuP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTxP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qu.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsssO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ourprpJ+qpwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourtro p 

oosstqJ+svtpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ourprpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TO\Oj[L<owprqtJ+urqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqrrtsx pu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotruqoÄĄovpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kupsqx ps rMJ

oqroqtÄĄorpuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqstowÄĄorrtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsrtvst po qMJ

osrpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoxtrÄĄowsrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louowrt(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<owprqtJ+urqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovoqpu p (

qpwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovpxsvJ+rspxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tuprv pq rMJ

<oupvroJ+psrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ourtoxJ+qqvqt

QĂžTuupvrq ps sMJ

owtttsÄĄppqtrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqqrvÄĄppqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłpvtxtw r sMJ

9^\T9S[\HopssqvÄĄoqroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqtvruÄĄ

U\Lvprxpv pv rMJ

poqrpwÄĄppsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxpupr qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txpupr pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovqoooJ+rsqopoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oossssJ+svtpSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ovqoooJ+rsqopoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9

Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oossssJ+ svtpSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ourpqtJ+qpwsqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oossssJ+svtpSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<owprsoJ+urrqoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oossssJ+svtpSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ourpqtJ+qpwsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owprsoJ+urrqoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupvqqJ+psrrtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ourpqtJ+qpwsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oossssJ+svtpSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owprsoJ+urrqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouorrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovrqru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?167


v.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;tJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUpvP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpoP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHtÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qv.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owpqqqJ+urotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourtro p 

O[TO\Oj[L<owpqqqJ+urotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxpoqoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<ovosspJ+rrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vtswps pv pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqpttÄĄoxovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtsorÄĄpqpqpt

O^Kupqpst ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HouorsqÄĄowqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžstxsw po qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovpoovÄĄowsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqrruÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louovrv(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<orppqsJ+trtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovoqpu p (

rwtsuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<oursouJ+qqsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]tvoqu pq sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrussÄĄouqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpuqoÄĄppqtpx

QĂžTuutvsr pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssqrÄĄorpurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosswrxÄĄotrsss

Ç?Çłpvtwtu r sMJ

oposttÄĄoptssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqptÄĄpqtwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvprprqx pv rMJ

oqtutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrootÄĄowtuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxprq qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txprq pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orpppvJ+trtuqqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orpppvJ+

trtuqqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< orpppvJ+trtuqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<popposJ+

ppqttoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpqptJ+uqxsvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <popposJ+ppqttoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ourspxJ+qqstvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owpqptJ+uqxsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orpppvJ+trtuqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<popposJ+ppqttoSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqposxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxooqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oroxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?168


w.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;uJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUpwP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTppP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHuÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qw.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQs\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pupĂ&#x2DC;]J_;­[M^@[SÂ&#x201E;OTVĆ&#x160;] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pooxsuJ+ppqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovropv q 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pooxsuJ+ppqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<pppqqsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<ovsossJ+txÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpvtrsv pw pMJ

portqqÄĄoposqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouswtqÄĄovrtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kuprqtv ps rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoptsppÄĄosqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqtosÄĄ

ǜžsuqptu po qMJ

ppsxtuÄĄopqrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrrqÄĄpopussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louourx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<otsvpxJ+oqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrqtv q (

srtxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<ovorrwJ+rrvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tvtxpw pq sMJ

otrvowÄĄouqutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpurrÄĄowouptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTuvrvtv pt pMJ

oxovqpÄĄorpurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqutpÄĄovpurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłpvtvso r sMJ

pqpssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HporxspÄĄppqttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lvprpvsu pv rMJ

9[TS[\HoqsqoqÄĄosowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxxtq qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txxtq pq sMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otsvpqJ+oqtpoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otsvpqJ+oqtpoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otsvpqJ+ oqtpoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pooxrxJ+

ppqqpvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<otsvpqJ+oqtpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

\Oj[L<pooxrxJ+ppqqpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pooxrxJ+ppqqpvtSI[+L[H H[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovortrJ+rrvtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pooxrxJ+

ppqqpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otsvpqJ+oqtpoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqoutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotttsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqssr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owturrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqswqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orotptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?169


x.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;vJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUpxP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpqP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHvÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qx.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pup;HOX[\LOS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrttuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pqpsqpJ+purrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqsos r 

owqqtsJ+utrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pqpsqpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<ovrxsqJ+tuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqxttto pw sMJ

ovpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptrrxÄĄorrqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousvtwÄĄ

O^Kuprvtv ps rMJ

otrtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstruÄĄportpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžsvrsw po rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosqwspÄĄouopsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppswrwÄĄopptqp

O^SH/Q[J[Louotsp(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<otstttJ+oqptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howosor r (

purrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oppvooJ+sxwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]twtwpp pq sMJ

owptsqJ+urtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvrqÄĄ

QĂžTuwpwps pt pMJ

oxtqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppstÄĄorpusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoroqÄĄ

Ç?Çłpvtupq r sMJ

oxoussÄĄoxtqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqttsoÄĄosqwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvprqqv pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxusp qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txusp pq sMJ

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<pqsrsqJ+ pvsuqt Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otsupoJ+oqqrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owqqsuJ+utrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otsupoJ+oqqrtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otsupoJ+oqqrtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< owqqsuJ+utrtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otsupoJ+oqqrtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqpsruJ+purrsoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqqsuJ+utrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

pqpsruJ+purrsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqpsruJ+purrsoSI[+L[HL[\S9L

:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otsupoJ+oqqrtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqpsruJ+ purrsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqoqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosprqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqosv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqssqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S185

M[\Ä?170


po.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;wJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUqoP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTprP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHwÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpo.\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQ u\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pupJ_;­[Ć&#x2020;Q]QX[-Ć&#x2020;Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpuswJ+qprwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxpvsw s 

9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpuswJ+qprwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

urqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<owsrosJ+vsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpptvts px sMJ

oxstrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsotÄĄorrqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqpsoÄĄ

O^Kupruso ps rMJ

orputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosorptÄĄotrttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžswsuqr po rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowsrrvÄĄpopuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopuqwÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louossq(

I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<owqptoJ+utostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrusu s (

orpsqsJ+tsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<owpsrwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]txtvv pq sMJ

-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvtuÄĄouqvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovputwÄĄ

QĂžTuwtwrt pt pMJ

ouoosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousvorÄĄoxtqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpproÄĄ

Ç?Çłpvtsrq r sMJ

owouqxÄĄowtuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrrqsÄĄowpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvprqurr pv sMJ

ppsxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowtsrpÄĄpoqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppxrro qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^txrro pq sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owqpsrJ+utoqvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<poswruJ+pqtusoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpp

pqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqpsrJ+utoqvtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poswruJ+pqtusoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqpsrJ+utoqvtSI[+L[H<S W[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpusoJ+qprvtoSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poswruJ+

pqtusoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<poswruJ+ pqtusoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpusoJ+qprvtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owpsrpJ+urqqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpusoJ+qprvtoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<poswruJ+pqtusoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oqpqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqsorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?171


pp.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;xJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUqpP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpsP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpp.\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQ v\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrussO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osourwJ+quppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpopqov t 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<osourwJ+quppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

vsopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owtuqtJ+wptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqsrrq qo sMJ

oxstqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprsrÄĄorrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqotpÄĄ

O^Kupqxt ps rMJ

oqrorsÄĄorpvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqvstÄĄovpvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsxtwsr po rMJ

oqtsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrwpxÄĄovppooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqvoq

S[Č&#x2030;ppxopx qu qMJ

ÄĄotruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorsq(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<posvsoJ+pqtsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpqpt t (

osttpsJ+twpqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<owsqopJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpotut pr pMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwpxÄĄouqvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpvpoÄĄ

QĂžTuxrwtx pt pMJ

ottxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtvspÄĄoqrorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

Ç?Çłpvtqso r sMJ

9^\T9S[\HottxsqÄĄousuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqpspÄĄ

U\Lvprrpr pv sMJ

ÄĄottxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HottxsqÄĄovqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoxpu

Â&#x201E;9H^txopx pq sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<posvrrJ+pqtsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<osttovJ+twpqSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osttovJ+

twpqSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsu vpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posvrrJ+pqtsqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<posvrrJ+pqtsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<posvrrJ+pqtsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

osoutrJ+qupqqqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owsptsJ+vrxttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<posvrrJ+pqtsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<osoutrJ+qupqqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosotrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovpqtt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqruruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?172


pq.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;poJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUqqP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTptP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpoÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpq.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQw\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pupJ_;­[M^@[T\QTÂ&#x201E;Jg.T[\LĂ&#x2DC;]S[Q>Ĺ&#x192;S\O@bj[¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<otrusoJ+qxtttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppovpq u 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ostspqJ+twxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owttssJ+wprrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xupuu qp rMJ

owtuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqqÄĄorrospÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpwpwÄĄ

O^Kupptpt ps rMJ

otrussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosqoopÄĄotoxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžsppppu po sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopupqÄĄppswsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswsqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqsr(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<pqtttpJ+pwprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxtpru u (

otrusoJ+qxtttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oupqpxJ+pqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tppttu pr pMJ

\Oj[L<owtporJ+wotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouqworÄĄ

QĂžTupopxqv pt qMJ

oxtpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpotxÄĄopssorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroruÄĄ

Ç?Çłpvtort r sMJ

osqoopÄĄotoxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpvowÄĄosorsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvprrtrw pv sMJ

opqppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppstwÄĄoqsqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwtvw qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twtvw pq sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pqttssJ+pwprrqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L< pqttssJ+pwprrqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqttssJ+pwprrqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otrurrJ+qxttrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

pqttssJ+pwprrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otrurrJ+qxttrtSI[+L[H 1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owttrvJ+wprptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pqttssJ+pwprrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otrurrJ+qxttrtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqosrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosopruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovowtx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ototosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?173


pr.\LjLpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSps.\LjL>[ŃppJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt

\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]v„WbŋǃSvvwO[+T[bJUqrP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpuP[Jvoo…QcHpp„QS[.W[Qpr.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQx\ƵTXĉpup„9Sb9S[H[=[\L QľX[LJ[bQ[JS[jLP\WH^T[j[+„T[Tj[WX(ÑJ]MbļÑRĄ[\QLbQ[-Lļ[j „OKbW(( Ø]M[U[ù^U[59[JU]Ø]S[QPSH\QTL\LjQSM[\T\LjQbWO[9[M9SM[\T-9S[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ Q[J[L<ousoquJ+rqrspvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqoqso v 

K\LƊ[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oupprwJ+pqqpvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<owtoqrJ+vtxpo„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

„@[T[9xpwrwrv qq rMJ

ovpvrt„Mj[-X[ġowtuorġppqrsu„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howpvrsġ

O^Kuottqp ps rMJ

oqsosrġorqxtv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopsrtxġoqrorv„Mj[(

Ƕ¾spqqrrr po sMJ

owsrst„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpopxtwġppsvqs„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louopsr(

I[+L[Hǚz[JU]LíÊØOG[„O\LSMS<oqrxpsJ+qqrppvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hportrw v (

ousoquJ+rqrspvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovoppvJ+rqtqvt

„OT]tpqtsx pr pMJ

\Oj[L<owqrqqJ+utoso„Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxouġ

QþTupotxtv pt qMJ

ppqsot„Mj[-X[ġoqrorvġorpvpt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzpvswpv r sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoqtroqġosqtqp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovppquġ

U\Lvprsopv pv sMJ S[ȉppwtrtw qu qMJ „9H^twtrtw pq sMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<oqrxqvJ+qqrptoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ovoprqJ+rqutSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\U ǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9

@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovoprqJ+

rqutSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+S

prtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<oqrxqvJ+qqrptoSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<oqrxqvJ+qqrptoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS

9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<ousopwJ+ rqrrtvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L

XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚQ[J[L<ousopwJ+rqrrtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L

<ousopwJ+rqrrtvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJ LíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupptpJ+

pqqtoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oqrxqvJ+qqrptoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ \JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ousopwJ+ rqrrtvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Q[\S185

M[\ď174


TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovputrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotruosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovotor

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ps.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pqJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUqsP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpvP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qps.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQpo\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pup

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;9[SO[\LS0J0Ç&#x161;T.RX[O9S[0J Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovpspvJ+rrtvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqtvqw w 

K\LĆ&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortsqxJ+qtrwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGOO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rrtvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ovpxpxJ+sxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popprru qr rMJ

ovrprsJ+ssopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxroÄĄ

O^Kuoqxrx ps rMJ

oxorrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtopvÄĄpqpoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrtsÄĄ

ǜžsprrus pp pMJ

otturxÄĄowputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopopsvÄĄoptotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwtosv qu qMJ

owsrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqoprÄĄoqtqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louoosr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrxro\Oj[LoxstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqsso w (

\Oj[L<ovootwJ+rqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovpspvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tprtrps pr qMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<owqroqJ+usxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<

QĂžTuppsorp pt qMJ

ouqwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpvsvÄĄppqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowputoÄĄ

Ç?Çłpvstsw r sMJ

orpvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostoswÄĄotrvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Lvprsto pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpoqvÄĄpqtvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpprwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^twtosv pq sMJ

ovqspuÄĄowtptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortsqrJ+qtrwpqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^L H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortsqrJ+qtrwpqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovpsppJ+rrtvsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovpsppJ+rrtvsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovootpJ+rqsqqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

ortsqrJ+qtrwpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpsppJ+rrtvsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b; Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovopox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?175


pt.\LjLpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSpu.\LjL>[ŃprJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt

\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]x„WbŋǃSvvwO[+T[bJUqtP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpwP[Jvoo…QcHpr„QS[.W[Qpt.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQpp\ƵTXĉpup

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwpxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ovpuqwJ+rsqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[optops x 

M_O­P[ÍMJ9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<ovpxqpJ+sxrvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;U_T\Oj[L<ovrprtJ+ssopqt„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě

„@[T[9popsqtt qs rMJ

ouqwtu„Mj[-X[ġovpvtxġowovoq„Mj[-X[ġporsppġ

O^Ktqxtwrr ps qMJ

orpvqw„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLouqwtuġovpvtx„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ƕ¾spsswrx pp pMJ

9^\T9S[\Hporurrġppqrqq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvstġ

S[ȉppwsvru qu qMJ

oqsqqpġospoow„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottxsq(

>H^SJU]LíÊUH\PV[Q[J[L<osrxoxJ+qvqxvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqpwps x (

Q[J[L<ovpuqwJ+rsqqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovouqrJ+rrupt

„OT]tpstqqp pr qMJ

\Oj[L<ouptrwJ+pqxqqt„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxtrġ

QþTupqqpx pt qMJ

opopqo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Housqqvġovqxpu„Mj[-X[ġoxoqtsġ

Ǐdzpvsru r sMJ

optoqrġospvrq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrpsġpqpqpv„Mj[(

U\Lvprsxsw pv sMJ

oppxsr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrsxġpoptsv„Mj[(9[TS[\H

„9H^twsvru pq sMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<osrxoqJ+qvqwtoSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHQ[J[L<

osrxoqJ+qvqwtoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <S W[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<osrxoqJ+qvqwtoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<ovpusrJ+rsrqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚQ[J[L<osrxoqJ+qvqwtoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovpusrJ+rsrqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/

R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ( \Oj[L<ovpxpsJ+sxqoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<osrxoqJ+qvqwtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ

LíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovpusrJ+

rsrqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovoxoq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxqqpp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpprxqp„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[ optqtq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orsxsw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotqwpp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutvpr„Mj[(„QV S[\UH„WŁ[owqxor„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpoptpr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqqotq„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvss„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostrpv„Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\ď176


pu.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;psJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUquP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTpxP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpu.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQpq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwsrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ouswquJ+rqtpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrxrv po 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<ovouqtJ+rruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<ouptspJ+pqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqvvss qt rMJ

ovpwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsxtoÄĄorqvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousprpÄĄ

O^Ktqxqqrt ps qMJ

otrwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstorÄĄporsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžspuppv pp pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosqqsxÄĄottsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsuqwÄĄoppsqu

O^SH/Q[J[Lottwsp(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJQ[J[L<ostrruJ+qwspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opptpo po (

<ouswquJ+rqtpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ouqrruJ+pswpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpttprp pr qMJ

\Oj[L<osrtrtJ+tvpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotsopvÄĄ

QĂžTuprpto pt qMJ

oxsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxttÄĄorpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄososqxÄĄ

Ç?Çłpvsopq r sMJ

oxoqptÄĄoxsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqtpopÄĄosqqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvprtsso pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;ppwssqt qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twssqt pq sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ostrqwJ+qwrtvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS

JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ostrqwJ+qwrtvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ostrqwJ+qwrtvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ostrqwJ+

qwrtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouswsoJ+

rqtptvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L< ostrqwJ+qwrtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<

ouswsoJ+rqtptvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouptrrJ+pqxpoSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJQ[J[L<ostrqwJ+qwrtvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ouswsoJ+rqtptvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovototÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutrpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqputuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?177


pv.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;ptJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUqvP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqoP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHptÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpv.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQpr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pupTĂ­]M_\G­Q[U[SJM_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O[\Ĺť9]@jÄź]Â&#x201E;9[@[;S]Ă&#x201C;H9[\ĥ­9Ć&#x;[L-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxouO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<ottptvJ+roqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorqstp pp 

Â&#x201E;SOH]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ouqrtxJ+psxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<osrttwJ+tvpxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppoqwqp qu rMJ

otsosoÄĄouqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwqrÄĄoxsstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktqwsqqq ps qMJ

ousortÄĄoxswrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxrxÄĄorpvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžspvprtx pp qMJ

9^\T9S[\HovqvrtÄĄowpsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsrtsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwspps qu qMJ

owsxtpÄĄpopwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottvso(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJQ[J[L<osrxtuJ+qvqxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqprtt pp (

ottptvJ+roqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otprsvJ+twtqsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]tputosr pr rMJ

Ç?O\Oj[L<oqrspwJ+tqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTuprsqrs pt rMJ

pqpprrÄĄorqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospttpÄĄottrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpvrvv r sMJ

osossqÄĄotrwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowovptÄĄowtuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvprtxru pv sMJ

poptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoptroÄĄppsvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^twspps pq sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ossoppJ+qvqxstSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<ottqppJ+roqxstSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ossoppJ+

qvqxstSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ossoppJ+qvqxstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottqppJ+roqxstSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[

N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ottqppJ+roqxstSI[+L[H

9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ouqrtqJ+pswtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ossoppJ+qvqxstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottqppJ+roqxstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovoppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LousxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoovqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqprooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osstquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?178


pw.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;puJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUqwP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqpP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpuÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpw.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQps\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<osropuJ+qvruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losottv pq 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otpspoJ+twtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<ooprrtJ+suqppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqsspt qv rMJ

oxsstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppppÄĄorquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosptopÄĄ

O^Ktqvtwsp ps qMJ

oqrospÄĄorpvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqxtoÄĄovpwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspwqust pp qMJ

oqsxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsposÄĄovpqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqpou

S[Č&#x2030;ppwrws qu qMJ

ÄĄotrxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotturx(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Q[J[L<osopotJ+qttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orprpp pq (

osropuJ+qvruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orsortJ+tstwsvt

Â&#x201E;OT]tpvsxtv pr rMJ

XV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotsposÄĄouqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwruÄĄ

QĂžTupsqrqp pt rMJ

ottqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtuqxÄĄoqrospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

Ç?Çłpvrrsx r sMJ

9^\T9S[\HottqrrÄĄourxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoppwpsÄĄ

U\Lvpssru pv sMJ

ÄĄottqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HottqrrÄĄovqotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosposv

Â&#x201E;9H^twrws pq sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<osopqoJ+qttpsoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<osrooxJ+qvrsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<osopqoJ+qttpso SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<osrooxJ+qvrsqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpv

pxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osopqoJ+qttpsoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osopqoJ+qttpsoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osrooxJ+qvrsqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osrooxJ+

qvrsqtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Q[J[L<osopqoJ+qttpsoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<osrooxJ+qvrsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoutvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opsposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LoustqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoorquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqoxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?179


px.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUqxP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqqP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpvÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qpx.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQpt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxtrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsutxJ+qqsssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lossrrp pr 

I[+L[HPSG]9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsutxJ+qqsssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oxrvopJ+rxsxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLouroowÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ovtst p rMJ

oxsvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxouÄĄopsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrosqÄĄ

O^Ktqvpqqs ps qMJ

ospspoÄĄotoqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpvtsÄĄosotouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžspxrxrs pp qMJ

oppvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppsooÄĄoqsqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotttrv(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropqrJ+qrqosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ospqpu pr (

O\G@\Oj[L<opswpvJ+topvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;XV­GS[\H<

Â&#x201E;OT]tpwsxps pr rMJ

owtuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqposxÄĄorqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowprovÄĄ

QĂžTuptspq pt rMJ

otrxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLospspoÄĄotoqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłpvropx r sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoptpsÄĄppsuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsuqxÄĄ

U\Lvpsxso pv sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwrstr qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twrstr pq sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropptJ+qrqoqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oropptJ+qrqoqvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropptJ+qrqoqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsutpJ+qqssqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsutpJ+qqssqvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsutpJ+

qqssqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropptJ+qrqoqvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoutrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxouquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louspqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqotowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?180


qo.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pwJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUroP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqrP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpwÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqo.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQpu\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsopvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<pqsusuJ+pvsrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotpwru ps 

9`\ÄĄ9[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqsusuJ+pvsrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rqsspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotsptpÄĄovpxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqptttp q rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqrosrÄĄorpwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqruppÄĄorqsst

O^Ktquqsqv ps pMJ

ospxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovpqtuÄĄowssooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lottsru(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opssooJ+qouqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpppq ps (

ppsotrJ+sstwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<ousvowJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpxswrr pr rMJ

-X[ÄĄowtuoxÄĄppqptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpqqqÄĄppqprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuptstv pt rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrqtÄĄoqrosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqswpxÄĄ

Ç?Çłpvqurw r sMJ

popurpÄĄppstppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqotqqv pp rMJ U\Lvpspssw pv sMJ S[Č&#x2030;ppwrpsq qu qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^twrpsq pq sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsspsJ+qoutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<ppspowJ+sstxpqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ S[\H<ppspow

J+sstxpqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq

prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsspsJ+qoutvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsspsJ+ qoutvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opssps J+qoutvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqsurxJ+pvsquoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<porqssJ+pqvpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqsurxJ+pvsquoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppspowJ+sstxpqtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porqssJ+pqvpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LousxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpppxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oprrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orroowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotowrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LourvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqoppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?181


qp.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pxJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUrpP[JpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqsP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHpxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqp.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQpv\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pup99­>H^I­]9SO[>[J Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsosoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<porrruJ+pqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottqqu pt 

pqpsstJ+puqqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<porrruJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owppsuJ+uprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

Â&#x201E;@[T[9puutq r rMJ

ourossÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxpqÄĄppqpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpprvÄĄ

O^Ktqtrttq ps pMJ

orpwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostqtrÄĄotsopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžsqqtqr pp rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqowrsÄĄpqtttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovproxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwqwrp qu qMJ

ovpwpwÄĄowsvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottrrs(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<owppsuJ+uprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loupors pu (

pqxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxqrqsJ+rxprtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tqosvts pr sMJ

<orswptJ+qtptuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqptÄĄ

QĂžTupuqus pt rMJ

owtxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsuqsÄĄpqowrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrqoÄĄ

Ç?Çłpvqqst r sMJ

otsxqvÄĄowpprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpqtwrsÄĄopsvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpsqoo pv sMJ

owssorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoppustÄĄoqsvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^twqwrp pq sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pqpsrwJ+puqptvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<porusrJ+pqpupoSI[+L[HO`V

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<porrtpJ+

pqxuoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqpsrwJ+puqptvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<porusrJ+pqpupoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porusrJ+pqpupoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

pqpsrwJ+puqptvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<porrtpJ+pqxuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpprxJ+uprroSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<porrtpJ+pqxuoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pqpsrwJ+puqptvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owpprx J+uprroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<porusrJ+pqpupoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoustqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotosruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourrru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owotquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpptvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?182


qq.\LjLpwtQ[\S/LW[/LW[pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSqr.\LjL>[ŃqoJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt \O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]pu„WbŋǃSvvwO[+T[bJUp.\LjLpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqtP[Jvoo…QcHqo„QS[.W[Qqq .\XȤM[=[LQ^W\TQpw\ƵTXĉpup „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsposO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owpqroJ+uptrvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louquqs pu 

ʽXơU­ LíÊ„S[\XG]\Oj[L<porvruJ+pqpwqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

owpqroJ+uptrvt„Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovoooxJ+rrpsst„Mj[

„@[T[9pqoqsp s sMJ

\Oj[L<pqsrrtJ+pvrrqo„Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<oxruoqJ+

O^Ktqssvrx ps pMJ

-X[ġovpxqtġowovsw„Mj[-X[ġporqtvġpqtwov„Mj[

Ƕ¾sqrpwqq pp rMJ

„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLourpoqġovpxqt„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hopsuroġ

S[ȉppwqtqo qu qMJ

porrpxġppqosw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppstrqġoppupt„Mj[(

O^KO\¾

ospprw„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottqrr(

VƊ]\Oj[L<otsvqvJ+opq„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovpppu pv (

Q`;\US[\Oj[L<owtuqvJ+wsro„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<

„OT]tqpsvpw pr sMJ

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otsvqvJ+opq„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;O½H]M[H

QþTupvvt pt sMJ

xsrqvt„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqrxġourpoq„Mj[

Ǐdzpvpwso r sMJ

O[bS[S[\Hourttsġovqrqr„Mj[-X[ġowtwqpġorpwpr

U\Lvpsqtpu pv sMJ

ospprx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpqoġpqoxsr„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

„9H^twqtqo pq sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowssotġpopssx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqsqruġ

ǏdzO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<porvqxJ+pqpwtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<otsvpwJ+opprvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍ OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

owtusoJ+wtqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶL O[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń O`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpqstJ+upuptSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsvpwJ+opprvtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[  H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<porvqxJ+pqpwtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt

pupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owtusoJ+wtqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH XO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<porvqxJ+pqpwtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owtuso J+wtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS

„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<otsvpwJ+opprvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owpqstJ+

upuptSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otsvpwJ+opprvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[

XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(

\Oj[L<owpqstJ+upuptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<porvqxJ+pqpwtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otsvpwJ+ opprvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owtusoJ+wtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

Q[\S185

M[\ď183


TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LousproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpppptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotoosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqxsp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpptrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S185

M[\Ä?184


qr.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\SW[9TbWLpww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qpJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUq.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTquP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqr.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQpx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otswppJ+oprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovoqoo pv 

owtvrrJ+wvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[\Oj[L<ovpwrrJ+rtwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<osrttpJ+qvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<orqsppJ+tspqto

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qssrtr t sMJ

M\S<\Oj[L<ourpqsJ+qotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Ktqsoto ps pMJ

ourstwÄĄoxstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowopÄĄorpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžsqsrpqu pp sMJ

9^\T9S[\HowtvsqÄĄoxstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqsupwÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;ppwqqpo qu qMJ

ppsspsÄĄopprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottprp(

\Oj[L<orqsppJ+tspqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowpsps pw (

I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGO\G@\Oj[L<otswppJ+oprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]tqqsuss pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<oxrvpoJ+xsupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTupvswpo pt sMJ

otsrorÄĄovpxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsttvÄĄorqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpvpsqs r sMJ

osottsÄĄotsposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxssroÄĄporqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lvpsrort pv sMJ

osputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosputpÄĄotsvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^twqqpo pq sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owtvquJ+wutvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovpwqvJ+rtwroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otswqvJ+opsroS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq qsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtvquJ+wutvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ovpwqvJ+rtwroSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owtvquJ+wutvt SI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpwqvJ+

rtwroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otswqvJ+opsroSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpwqvJ+rtwroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otswqvJ+opsroS I[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orqsotJ+tspqrtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otswqvJ+opsroSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owtvquJ+wutvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orqsotJ+tspqrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[ :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovpwqvJ+rtwroSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqtst

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovtvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqouptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S185

M[\Ä?185


qs.\LjLpwtQ[\S/bS/pww\ÊM^S[ŕrwvx9T½[ŕ„WgSqt.\LjL>[ŃqrJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[ŕwrt\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pw„WbŋǃSvvwO[+T[bJUr.\LjLpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqvP[Jvoo…QcHqr„QS[.W[Qqs.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQqo\ƵTXĉpup

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsptpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<opovotJ+swqxt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„WŁ[ovsotq pw 

otsvpoJ+oxpvt„Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGO[TO„O\LSMS<oqptow

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

…H\HT„R[;M\S<\Oj[L<ourqpoJ+qqsvt„Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<

„@[T[9qpxqts u sMJ

ourprx„Mj[-X[ġovpxtoġoxssqt„Mj[-X[ġpqoxooġ

O^Ktqrpuqq pr sMJ

oxssss„Mj[-X[ġpqovstġorpwqu„Mj[-X[ġosouovġ

Ƕ¾sqtssrq pp sMJ

ovqpsrġowoxqr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowssppġpopsrq„Mj[(

S[ȉppwpwtx qu qMJ

popsrp„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottoqx(

LOQ]LíÊ.Í­[\Oj[L<ovpxpxJ+soso„Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxpxtv px (

J+qpqopqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<opovotJ+swqxt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]tqrsupq ps pMJ

orrpquJ+tsqxtvt„Mj[I[+L[H\Wĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrqvġ

QþTupwqxpv pt sMJ

orqpsv„Mj[-X[ġosoxtxġotsuqq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoursoqġ

Ǐdzpvxtv r sMJ

otspqv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowowoqġowtups„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lvpsrttx pv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopsrqġppssts„Mj[(9[TS[\Howstowġ

„9H^twpwtx pq sMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ovpxrrJ+spptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<opovqoJ+swqxsqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑ OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

otsvqsJ+oxtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ƶ

O[bS[M[\L „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[ S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourqoqJ+qqqvtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ 

\Oj[L<opovqoJ+swqxsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtvwpopqps

pupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L<ovpxrrJ+spptSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH \Oj[L<otsvqsJ+oxtqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovpxrrJ+spptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<otsvqsJ+oxtqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ovpxrrJ+spptSI[+L[H

\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<opovqoJ+ swqxsqtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ourqoqJ+qqqvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovpxrrJ+spptSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opovqoJ+swqxsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<otsvqsJ+oxtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lourrrw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lowsusv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lpportx„Mj[(KL^S[\UH

„OL^9[oppvqx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„OL^9[orpsqs„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lostqsw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqpto

„Mj[(„QVS[\UHQ[J[Lovtrrx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hoxrxsx„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hppstqw„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoqqo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvts„Mj[( Q[\S185

M[\ď186


qt.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtQ[\SI[+>[pww\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwvx9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsJbQ[JSQ[X[vooU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wrt\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvvwO[+T[bJUs.\Ç&#x2C6;LpwtP[SH]j\W\PTqwP[JvooÂ&#x2026;QcHqsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqt.\XȤ M[=[LQ^W\TQqp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;pup

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<ppoosuJ+srprpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqssq px 

osqvpwJ+tuswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<pooqswJ+posvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rrpvrt v sMJ

otsrtpÄĄourptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqoorÄĄoxssqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktqqrtpo pr sMJ

pqttptÄĄoqrosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrosvÄĄorpwrr

ǜžsqutvsq pq pMJ

ourrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoppssvÄĄoqsstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;ppwptsw qu qMJ

otstqoÄĄovpstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospqpvÄĄotsptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsxqv(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<otswpvJ+opqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqvtu qo (

pqoroqJ+ptswtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppoosuJ+srprpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]tqsstsq ps pMJ

\WÄ­\Oj[L<oosotoJ+svqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTupxpoqx pt sMJ

pqowrxÄĄorqpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoxowÄĄotstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłpvtpx r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourptvÄĄovqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HotstqoÄĄ

U\Lvpsspqu pv sMJ

otsrtpÄĄovpsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosptoxÄĄotstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^twptsw pq sMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<otswpoJ+oppsvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<osqvrpJ+tusxpoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U

\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<otswpoJ+oppsvtSI[+L[HO`V

99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otswpo J+oppsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osqvrpJ+tusxpoSI[+L[Hpqs uwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

otswpoJ+oppsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppopooJ+srprtqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

otswpoJ+oppsvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<ppopooJ+srprtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osqvrpJ+ tusxpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowsqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppooosÂ&