Issuu on Google+

153


Q[\S153

M[\ď0


Iu bgt kÖxm~hŠ¨vq ci eªÞ‥Y bgt

Bgvi ‥mbvLqvZ

weòzwcÖqv gwYcyix Vvii cyivbv cvwÄ m~hŠwm×vť�i gvwnj Mbvwb A‥m MbvwbiKv gvaecyii cweÎ ivmi RvMv Anvb‥i †K›`ªM aivwb ABj AÿZzc: 24.31º Jqvs `ªvwNgvZzc: 91.84º gyO mgqi jqvM: 6º gyO

gvwi 153 DĂ‹g wmsn

‥cŠwi http://www.pouri.org

wbDBqKŠ, wZjcvivóª

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?1


9I[.9>^\C

\Q\OĆ‹^\Ă‘j[Q\GM^S]D[STM[\Ä?.X[L\L9[T[\LQbLj[„;T;[9HOWSK\Sj[XŇ[9bSg\SH[(QSW[KL[-X[LSNTX[L .\XT“M[\Ä?â€? L[=SWNC7j½[SX[LT(QS5bS“M[\Ä?â€? L[=S;L95X[LTȉĪ[X[\S\JL9[SL[;/M^S[OWS.X[S

M[\Ä?X[L;L[\L59bSS(M[\Ä?;L[\LS9[\J@[HSQ[\X.bWp(W^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźO[bS[q(\Oǜĭ\WÄ­[ÄźO[J`9\WÄ­[Äź(W^R­½

\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X5H[M^S[L[9[bTÄĄ>\Tj[.bXQ[\XÂ&#x201E;RH[TO[@[bS>bTSO[+T[Sj[QM[\Ä?;L[\L-S(\Qbjg/bQW^R­½\WÄ­[Äź Q[\X/Tj[M[\Ä?5X[LQ_\H­M[T9ST^(/+bS@]9½[bTÄš[SÂ&#x201E;>j[M^S[L[\JL.X[LX[SM[\LO[S/\HX[WS<CL[S\JL.X[L \OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LL^\=\9Ǣ.Q[SM[\Ä?5H[S\JLH[\S:O[bS[\H\I\L9[T[\L5X[LX[\OÄĄ\XL9[QX[L(-X[bL.\Q X[\Ç M^S[L[\JLH[\S:5H[/bQ/+bS\@TQ[\Hj[S(H[I9j[QS5bSČ&#x2030;S9[XĤ[5X[bLÂ&#x201E;R9^LM^S[L[H[\S:\H\I

\OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LO[SL[L[L;bOVL[S9[bQT[;H/-X[LÂ&#x2026;Ç&#x2C6;bLj(.Q[SP[SH1MQX[bJUSQ^+O[S[HÂ&#x201E;RÂ&#x201E;RWL-Ĺ&#x2022;O[ M[\Ä?O½[OX[S9S[\L-S-H[X[\Ç 5bM/HÂ&#x201E;>ĹŻS[\LHXĤ[.X[bLgI^/T^(

OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;SQ[\S5X[L9^ĹĄ[;[ÄĄ>[T^-bWX[L-X[LQ[H[\L\XL(9^L;/Q[ÄĄ[S[O[JU[X.9ObS\L9[T[bWX[LO[bS[ 9HH[/Q[ÄĄ[S[S[@[UU[+9/\L9[T[bWX[L(\Q-W[bJÂ&#x201E;9[L6\HX[\W9H9­HR[L[L[QL[1\S(5Q[\Spspx/bT

.\@9[ÄĄpspxOWS.b;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;-9S[\L-bW5W[bJÂ&#x201E;TM9\Sj[pOĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;ÄĄ-9\Sj[X[\SQ[\SSM[\Ä?.X[LU[H9ST^(

\X@\S\X@\SH[\S:;L[\LSL[L[LMÄ­\H>[T^-bW-H[X[\OH:[\LL[:[\LÂ&#x201E;RW[bJ1T[TS(-X[bLQSMÄ­\H 9^bjH O[bS[Q[/žWNCMÄ­\HS:[\LW+Ć&#x2019;[S9\Sj[ 5X[bHgp\JLÂ&#x201E;XTO[9Q/bHM[bS(\X@\SH[\S:Â&#x201E;TM9S[\LS>^ĹĄ[

MÄ­\HX[L/TH[/I[\>S\M?S\JbLÂ&#x201E;OT];O^S[\LSI[+L[H@^T[9X[LÂ&#x201E;J:bT-\JLS\M?S\JbLM/T[Q[W(Â&#x201E;J:[\L5X[bHg Â&#x201E;ObWM-/bHM[bSÂ&#x201E;Q<[T[/bTÂ&#x201E;R;Â&#x201E;>/H/-;S>[L[X[LÂ&#x201E;W+L[/bTO[Â&#x201E;9[L@[;[X[ÄĄÂ&#x201E;>/H[S[5W[bJ(-X[bL

O[+T[bJbU/bQWS9[\S@[H]j>[*JÂ&#x201E;J:[9\Q\CbjÂ&#x201E;RX[LÂ&#x201E;TM9SH[/-X[LS;b@I[Ĺ°\Jj[\X@\SH[\S:O[bS[MO­ Â&#x201E;TM9S[\L-S(

O[+T[bJUO[+T[bJUSO[+T[59[bEQ]bjÂ&#x201E;RO[+T[M[\Ä?SW+Ć&#x2019;[S9bS\W-X[L/bQâ&#x20AC;&#x153;O[+T[bJUâ&#x20AC;? O^\Tj[Â&#x201E;JL[-/T( Q[\XW^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X/Tj[\JLO[SMSOXO[WQjR[Ă&#x160;[\H\ILĂ­Ă&#x160;9SLÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă XƤ^C.\J;LbT1 Â&#x201E;OL]b@[T[9\L9^T[\LO^S[\LĂ XLO[bS[TĂś5H[Č&#x2030;ÄŞ[J`9\WÄ­[Äź/Tj[;L[\L-/T(

Â&#x201E;RH[S;bOVL[O[bS[9Q­ĥM[+T[9M[W^H[ 1. Shree Ajit Krishnan, MHora-v0.2.

2. Shree Michio Yano (http://www.cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp/~yanom/) articles, and Pancanga (version 3.13). 3. Shree Vinay Jha (http://jyotirvidya.wetpaint.com/), Shree Surya Siddhanta releted all articles. 4Ă&#x2DC;]W_R­½\WÄ­[ÄźÇ&#x2030;[Q]\OÄ&#x152;[L[LĹ prpuW[TÂ&#x201E;OT^hQD9\T9[H[(

5. Indian Astronomy: An Introduction By S. Balachandra Rao, Year 2000, Universities Press.

6. Indian Calendric System, by Commodore S.K. Chatterjee (Retd.), Year 1998, Publication Division, MOIB, Govt of India.

My special thanks for their tools:

1. Microsoft for Visual Studio 2010 & Hijri Calendar.

2. Swiss Ephemeris (http://www.astro.com/swisseph/) for swedll32.dll

T\QbH;[X[\Ç S[+Â&#x201E;X/>[.X[LQS5bSČ&#x2030;Çł9[Q5X[HÂ&#x201E;9[LT[TI[/bTHS[9QbSO[b;/O[+\QT;[T;Â&#x201E;RW[bJ1 >^Q9SH1(

1ĥQ\W+X\L1/j9­pspxWL

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?2


\L+bIgbOT]QÄž]O^KM[\LS-\KM\HU\LO[bS[N[jNWTS-\KM\HQĂžT(

=========================================================

pÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;quQK^W^KLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qqQ[>­vsuO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHquU\@O^.W[QpOX[;qs

@Q[\J1WW[\Lpqw\X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x2026;>HptqQ[\S vsurqp \L+bIg9[M[ J+rrtqvt <vquSWQj  Ă&#x2DC;]OÇł\IL]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottvsqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<poovssJ+sorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqruqu qq 

9SGOO\Oj[L<oxrusvJ+xptrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<poovss

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<outoovJ+qqprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9potvqo qr sMJ

orrvsvÄĄotptpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouortpÄĄoutprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kovtrpw p rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopppsqÄĄoqooqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqqtowÄĄ

ǜžoqsxpo q sMJ

opqxtwÄĄoropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrrprÄĄoxoqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqqu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<owtosqJ+vqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpprtss qr (

J+sorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<ovoorqJ+qstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ootstu p pMJ

owpxrrÄĄpostrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopppsqÄĄoqsxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTqqxqtsx v rMJ

oxpsroÄĄpprvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqooqwÄĄorrtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłrqsvsu x rMJ

oppqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovqssuÄĄowtuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupwqotv pt sMJ S[Č&#x2030;wvxq px rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qvxq u pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owtoruJ+vqopoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<portqpJ+ppsssqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

O`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovooquJ+qssstS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtoruJ+vqopoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <portqpJ+ppsssqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<poovtxJ+sorrrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<portqpJ+ppsssqtS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poovtxJ+sorrrvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovooqu

J+qssstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<owtoruJ+vqopoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<poovtxJ+sorrrvtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<portqpJ+ppsssqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?3


TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouprovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxrosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppruouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosowrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouqoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpotoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opospuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?4


qÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qvQK^W^KLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qrQ[>­vsuO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqvU\@O^.W[QqOX[;qt @Q[\J1WW[\Lpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotturxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ S[\H<ppqxtpJ+ssotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqttr

UH\PV[\Oj[L<porsqsJ+ppsqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ssotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<ousxoqJ+qpwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popvrstw qs sMJ

ottqqtÄĄovqxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtuqpÄĄpprrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koxrxuo p rMJ

optxtqÄĄottvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoopuÄĄorrvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžoqrtsto q sMJ

pqqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposxruÄĄpprvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;wvttp px rMJ

9[TS[\HoqtxqoÄĄosqwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqsv(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lottqqt\Oj[LoxtuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

qr O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqrqqw qs (

\Oj[L<postpqJ+pqxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<ppqxtpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]optrrs p pMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<outwsvJ+qstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTqqxtprp v rMJ

orrvtpÄĄotptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutpsuÄĄoxpsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqsvrv x rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxpsqwÄĄposxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprrttÄĄ

U\Lupwpuro pt sMJ

pptwpxÄĄopqxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowttqqÄĄpoqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^qvttp u pMJ

Ç?ÇłO\ž5S[\JH/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprvpv J+pxpxrqt ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<porsrxJ+ppsqtvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<outxopJ+qsuroSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V \W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousxpvJ+qpxrqtS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outxopJ+qsuroSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porsrxJ+ppsqtvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<porsrxJ+ppsqtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<porsrxJ+ppsqtvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<ppqxsrJ+ssorvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppqxsrJ+ssorvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ousxpvJ+qpxrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porsrxJ+ppsqtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ S[\H<ppqxsrJ+ssorvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouoxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovsotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LososruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LoupuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/opooqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osruppÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S153

M[\Ä?5


r…OU[:ptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSs…OU[:>[ŃqwQK^W^KLQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qsQ[>­vsuO[+T[bJUpo…>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTr…>Huuw…QcHqwU\@O^.W[QrOX[;qu @Q[\J1WW[\Lpqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotttrtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<opprttJ+swquqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpoor

1ġSP[ÍMJ9SG;S\Oj[L<pqpwtoJ+puuqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

qsspo„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń\Oj[L<ovqrpvJ+rsxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H

„@[T[9poqxtpqq qt rMJ

ovqxov„Mj[-X[ġpossrwġoppppv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Koppqttq p sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoropptġosrqts„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrqtsġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louorox(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊM_O­P[ÍMJ\Oj[L<pqsqtwJ+pvuqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

qs O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[opqvsq qt (

<opprttJ+swquqqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;ÓƬ\Oj[L<outwotJ+

„OT]oqtqx p pMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HopppsxġorrspsQbXŃbR[;\JLottpqqġ

QþTropvqw v sMJ

oxttsuġpossrw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpsqvġpooptt„Mj[(

Ǐdzrqsvrx x rMJ

ouosrr„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpqooruġopqxrv„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqrrwr q sMJ

U\Lupwppuo pt sMJ S[ȉwvqsp px rMJ „9H^qvqsp u pMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<outvtwJ+qsrtqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[ L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqsqsxJ+pvuSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]

Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^ 9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outvtwJ+qsrtqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L 9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH

\Oj[L<pqsqsxJ+pvuSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<pqsqsxJ+pvuSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqsqsxJ+pvuSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< opprswJ+swqutSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

outvtwJ+qsrtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pqsqsxJ+pvuSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opprswJ+swqutSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Louotpt„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovrutv„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxqqtq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqwps„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[opstoq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[Losooso„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Loupqro„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owqtru„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hposqst„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqtuqs„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtrrw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqpt„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď6


s…OU[:ptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSt…OU[:>[ŃqxQK^W^KLQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qtQ[>­vsuO[+T[bJUpp…>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTs…>Huuw…QcHqxU\@O^.W[QsOX[;qv@Q[\J1WW[\L pqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottsrqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ \Oj[L<orpqstJ+trquvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsxst

I[+L[H„SOH]9SG\O\Ɔ„O\LSMS<oqpppoJ+qosxro„Mj[I[+L[H

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

ovqqrsJ+rsvuo„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H\Oj[L<ovtvroJ+tpvuo„Mj[

„@[T[9pppptxpv qu rMJ

possox„Mj[-X[ġoppposġoqsxop„Mj[-X[ġosqutwġ

O^Koprposx p sMJ

osqoto„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\Hposxppġpprurs„Mj[-X[ġ

Ƕ¾oqrpwtp q rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hovrxsoġowqvor„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtrtvġ

S[ȉwutxro px rMJ

oxoqrtġporpqt„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorro(

I[+L[HI[\>LíÊ1ġSP[ÍMJ„O\LSMS<oroxowJ+qrpsqt„Mj[

qt O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqqpov qu (

U9^\L\Oj[L<orpqstJ+trquvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J„R[;/Ń\Oj[L<

„OT]ortosq p qMJ

I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;\JLottopwġovqwpt„Mj[-X[ġowpvpsġ

QþTrosrrx v sMJ

ouosts„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovrxsoġoxpsqt„Mj[-X[ġorrrqvġ

Ǐdzrqsvtr x rMJ

osqotoġotttrt„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowpvpsġoxoupq„Mj[(

U\Lupwvqv pt sMJ

poqtsv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoqtsvġpptvru„Mj[(9[TS[\H

„9H^qutxro u pMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ„O\LSMS<oroxoqJ+qrpspoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqqqvJ+rsvsqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[

Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<oroxoqJ+ qrpspoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[„L/„O\LSMS<oroxoqJ+qrpspoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS

\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/W[:T:/

:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<orpqrwJ+trqttoSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<

ovqqqvJ+rsvsqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„O\LSMS<oroxoqJ+qrpspoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orpqrwJ+trqttoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Louoppx„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovrrop„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxpwtu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqspx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[opspou„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[ortuss„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Louowrt„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owqpso„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hporwsx„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqtqqx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsxsq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwqp„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď7


tÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;roQK^W^KLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]quQ[>­vsuO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHroU\@O^.W[QtOX[;qw @Q[\J1WW[\Lpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottrqwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<otpuruJ+twrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orquoq

>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<osprtvJ+qttxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<otpuru

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tptqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<owrsrvJ+utrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqsptw qv rMJ

poswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqrrqÄĄoptwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqstqsÄĄ

O^Kopstssw q pMJ

ouotpuÄĄoutqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxptÄĄoroppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqqtvpv q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouotpuÄĄovrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqttqÄĄottsrq

O^SH/Q[J[Louortp(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Q[J[L<otsssqJ+qxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG

qu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorpqtq qv (

J+twrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ovtuqvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ossxpr p qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtsrtÄĄoppotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvovÄĄ

QĂžTrppos v sMJ

ospxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourwpxÄĄovqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłrqswpw x rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotsxptÄĄovqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrrpuÄĄouotpu

U\Lupwqtr pt sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wutuqo px rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qutuqo u pMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<otssrsJ+qxstsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtusqJ+tptuoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Q[J[L<otssrsJ+qxstsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otssrsJ+ qxstsoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

otssrsJ+qxstsoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;

9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otputpJ+twrwuoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtusqJ+tptuoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otssrsJ+qxstsoSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otputpJ+twrwuoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxptooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouosrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqswrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?8


uÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;p\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qvQ[>­vsuO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHp9[bTL.W[QuOX[;qx @Q[\J1WW[\Lpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottqqtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<otptrrJ+twrtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osoooo

<owqopsJ+rupvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGL[;\Oj[L<otptrr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OO\Oj[L<ovpupoJ+rrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ouqtq p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLourvqqÄĄoxtsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kopurvsq q pMJ

-X[ÄĄopporxÄĄoptxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqswÄĄovsoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžoqqrrqt q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorrptsÄĄospxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqsssÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wutrx px rMJ

opqwoqÄĄoqturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louospq(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<ovpupoJ+rrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[

qv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losorqq qw (

J+twrtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜQ[J[L<oupvowJ+rpxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]otsvsq p qMJ

owrrrsJ+utosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<oxovqrJ+wpvtvt

QĂžTrprusr v sMJ

ovsoooÄĄoxpsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotswpqÄĄourvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłrqswtt x rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqqrowÄĄorrptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqvpvÄĄotpuqv

U\Lupvtwpu pt sMJ

pptuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptuttÄĄopqxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qutrx u pMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqoqwJ+rupwqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqoqwJ+ rupwqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owqoqwJ+rupwqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpuqsJ+rsoroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpuqsJ+rsoroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpuqsJ+rsoroSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owrrqvJ+ utoroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqoqwJ+rupwqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovpuqsJ+rsoroSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pppuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oprrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orswtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouoosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqssrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?9


vÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;p\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qwQ[>­vsuO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHp9[bTL.W[QvOX[;ro @Q[\J1WW[\Lpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottpqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovptovJ+rrvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrqso

posusvJ+sqquqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGOO\Oj[L<ovptovJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxoqopJ+wvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opwtro q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotsvpoÄĄovqtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kopwpxqt q qMJ

pprtrwÄĄoqssoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwpqÄĄotpusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqqvqq q rMJ

oqssoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroppuÄĄosrrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louosrr(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<oxoqopJ+wvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]S[\H<

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostrpq qx (

rrvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpottJ+rttusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ousuw p rMJ

oxouqpJ+wptqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<oxqxqrJ+xptrqt

QĂžTrqrru v sMJ

posqspÄĄoppoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrosÄĄoxpsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqsxss x rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtvÄĄorrwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptutuÄĄ

U\Lupvtrrv pt sMJ

ovpxrpÄĄowtptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporotrÄĄpptxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wusxtw px rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qusxtw u pMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<posusoJ+sqqupoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxoqpuJ+wvstSI[+L[HO`VS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxoqpuJ+

wvstSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprs

uvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<posusoJ+sqqupoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovptooJ+rrvSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<posusoJ+sqqupoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovptooJ+rrvSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<posusoJ+sqqupoS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxoqpuJ+wvstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovptooJ+

rrvSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxoqpuJ+wvstSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovptooJ+rrvSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxoqpuJ+wvstSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpppqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?10


w…OU[:ptrQ[\S„T/M[9M[ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSx…OU[:>[Ńq\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qxQ[>­vsuO[+T[bJUpt…>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTw…>Huuw…QcHq9[bTL.W[QwOX[;pS@Opqw \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottopwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ \Oj[L<oxopooJ+wsrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otostx

9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<oxopooJ+wsrt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+xprto„Mj[I[+L[H„WgP[;½\Oj[L<oxrtpqJ+xrqsqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9poprqq r qMJ

oqswtu„Mj[-X[ġorrwpvġotputw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hououpxġ

O^Kopxtxtr q qMJ

orroqp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppopsġoptxrt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ƕ¾oqprxps q rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqwssġoroppu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hovrsqvġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louosts(

H`H]j[LíÊ9`\ġ9[\Oj[L<oottooJ+svtqpqt„Mj[I[+L[H„S[\XG]

qx O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotsqtu ro (

oxsvotJ+rxtxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;.j^Ɛ[L\Oj[L<oxqwsq

„OT]ovssrr p rMJ

„U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLowpsoxġposqpq„Mj[-X[ġoppopsġ

QþTrqrosp v sMJ

outrpx„Mj[-X[ġoxpsqoġpprtqo„Mj[-X[ġoptuqpġ

Ǐdzrqsposs x rMJ

pqqqqoġopoxqp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpwrwġowtppo„Mj[(

U\Lupvswtu pt sMJ

oxoqrt„Mj[(

S[ȉwususw px rMJ „9H^qususw u pMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oottpsJ+svtqsvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L

„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L< oottpsJ+svtqsvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ „L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM^ƃSbJ[V\Oj[L<oxoppsJ+wtpoSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oottpsJ+svtqsvtS I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxoppsJ+wtpoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

poqurrJ+ppsptSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxoppsJ+wtpoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[; „J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oottpsJ+svtqsvtSI[+L[H XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqurrJ+ppsptSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovpvpv„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxorpq„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lppowrt„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[ opqtqq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orspoo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lottqtp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owottt„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hpoqrot„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqruss„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrrtw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospqrv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otspso„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď11


xÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;r\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]roQ[>­vsuO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHr9[bTL.W[QxOX[;qS@Opqw \X@S]>Ĺ LR[Ă&#x160;[Ă&#x2DC;]MSÇśS[Q@jÄź]-Ă­jH`H]j[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsxptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<poqtrvJ+pprwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otrvtr

;S\Oj[L<poqtrvJ+pprwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<potwqrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<oxqoovJ+wtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqqxrx s pMJ

orrwqpÄĄotpvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrrtÄĄoxpspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koqprwtx q rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxpspwÄĄposwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprpoxÄĄ

ǜžoqpxx q rMJ

pptttqÄĄopqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowtoqwÄĄpoqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotpu(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<oqrxotJ+tqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG

ro O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lourrox rp (

srosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<oxrsrpJ+xrouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]owsqtt p rMJ

\JLotstotÄĄovqrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtqpuÄĄpprpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrqtvuo v sMJ

opttsuÄĄottopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxqwÄĄorrwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłrqspptu x rMJ

pqqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwovÄĄpprtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupvsspr pt sMJ

9[TS[\HoqtsqsÄĄosqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wusrrv px rMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qusrrv u pMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oqrwtuJ+tqpsrvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oqrwtuJ+tqpsrvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poqtroJ+pprwqvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqrwtuJ+tqpsrvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppqrqwJ+psttvtS

I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqtroJ+pprwqvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< ppqrqwJ+psttvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(

\Oj[L<oxrsqrJ+xrosoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqtroJ+

pprwqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqrwtuJ+tqpsrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppqrqwJ+psttvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovprqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpposrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqroorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osowspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?12


po…OU[:ptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSpp…OU[:>[Ńs\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]rpQ[>­vsuO[+T[bJUpv…>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTpo…>Huuw…QcHs9[bTL.W[QpoOX[;rS@O pqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotswpqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ \Oj[L<ppqqttJ+pssrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupqpt p 

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<ppqqttJ+pssrt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppsorsJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě\Oj[L<owsprwJ+vqruo„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[

„@[T[9pqstvw t pMJ

ovqrou„Mj[-X[ġposppsġopoxto„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Koqrpurv q rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoroppvġosrsox„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrsoxġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louotrv(

MčQ]LíÊQ`;\US[\Oj[L<ortssrJ+ttqusqt„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovqspo p (

ssswsqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;„U[PL\Oj[L<oxpxqtJ+wttto

„OT]oxsppt p rMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HopowqqġorqwswQbXŃbR[;\JLotssoqġ

QþTrrqtrp w pMJ

oxtpsqġpospps„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpspvġpoopou„Mj[(

Ǐdzrqsprqo x rMJ

ouovop„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptwowġopqttt„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqorvpu q rMJ

U\Lupvrxqx pt sMJ S[ȉwusoqv px rMJ „9H^qusoqv u pMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

XSM;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<ppsosvJ+sssxptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ortsrtJ+ttquqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍ OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ S[\H<ppsosvJ+sssxptS

I[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ortsrtJ+ttquqqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppqroxJ+pstpoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ortsrtJ+ttquqqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S

TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppqroxJ+pstpoSI[+L[H„OT :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxpxpwJ+wttrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppqroxJ+pstpoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[; O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ortsrtJ+ ttquqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovoxqu„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowttqo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lppooss„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[ oppvrp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orrrox„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotstoo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovtwor„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hpoptpr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqqwtr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqquov„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ososss„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrrsw„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď13


ppÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;t\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]p5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHt9[bTL.W[QppOX[;sS@Opqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsvpoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ppsxtwJ+ptpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupqpt p 

O[TO\Oj[L<ppsxtwJ+ptpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<pptpsuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<ovrwsoJ+ssxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qvrwt u pMJ

opoxrwÄĄoqswtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqwowÄĄouovqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Koqstqrw q sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposvsqÄĄpprsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospssuÄĄotswpq

ǜžoqorsu q rMJ

owqvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsxouÄĄpoqqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louottw(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<osrxsuJ+tvqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqspo p (

stpxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owspqoJ+vqrpt

Â&#x201E;OT]oporxrr p sMJ

\JLotsropÄĄovqqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowpptrÄĄposostÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrrtrps w pMJ

ovsosxÄĄoxpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqwoqÄĄospssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłrqspsts x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowpptrÄĄoxoproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsosxÄĄ

U\Lupvrssr pt sMJ

poqqoxÄĄppttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqrtÄĄporoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wurvpu px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qurvpu t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ossoopJ+tvqqroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ossoopJ+ tvqqroSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pptoprJ+ptptqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ossoopJ+ tvqqroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pptoprJ+ptptqvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owsppqJ+vqqttSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pptoprJ+ptptqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ossoopJ+tvqqroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovotroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovtsov Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/osoosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?14


pqÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;u\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]q5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHu9[bTL.W[QpqOX[;tS@Opqw \X@S]>Ĺ LVĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsuovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ppstsqJ+ptusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louswtv q 

oststvJ+twqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ppstsqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<ovrwssJ+ssxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqorrtw v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqvrvÄĄposvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqostÄĄoptsop

O^Koququtv q sMJ

ovqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouovssÄĄoutsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžopxqwsx q qMJ

-X[ÄĄosrsrpÄĄouovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouovssÄĄovrtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Lououpx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<osrxsxJ+tvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howpupo q (

ptusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<pprqopJ+ssrqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]opprvsw p sMJ

oupptxJ+pptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtorsÄĄopoxqu

QĂžTrsqppo w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqsorxÄĄosprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourpsqÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqspusp x rMJ

opqwosÄĄoroppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsptxÄĄovptpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Lupvqxtu pt sMJ

-X[ÄĄospxssÄĄotsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wurst px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qurst t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[S[\H<pprqpuJ+ssrrvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ostssxJ+twqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ S[\H<pprqpuJ+ssrrvtSI[+L[HO`V 99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<ostssxJ+twqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppsttuJ+ptvpvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<ostssxJ+twqtS I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppppooJ+prsqrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppsttuJ+

ptvpvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppppooJ+prsqrqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovrwruJ+sswtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppsttuJ+ptvpvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostssxJ+twqtSI[+L[H \JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppppooJ+prsqrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovoprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opoxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoovqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?15


prÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;v\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHv9[bTL.W[QprOX[;uS@O pqw\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];Ăž[/Q[S@SQ

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotstotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pppppqJ+prsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovqwst r 

<osspspJ+tvrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pppppq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<oupqoqJ+pptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rrstrt w pMJ

oxtoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovspoxÄĄoxpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Koqvtxqt r pMJ

outsrvÄĄovspoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqoqqÄĄorqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopwtqrw q qMJ

osprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqpowÄĄpptsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lououso(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<osttooJ+twqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxowtu r (

J+prsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<posrouJ+sqrqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opqruq p sMJ

osqqprJ+tusrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLourosuÄĄ

QĂžTrssxpv w pMJ

otsotwÄĄourosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxpsÄĄoptxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłrqspwrw x rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosqwqwÄĄotpwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqurpÄĄ

U\Lupvqtv pt sMJ

pptsrpÄĄopqvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopqsqpÄĄoqtpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wurott px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qurott t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ossptsJ+tvrqqoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ossptsJ+

tvrqqoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

pppposJ+prsqsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ossptsJ+tvrqqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poowosJ+ppvstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pppposJ+prsqsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

pppposJ+prsqsqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L

<poowosJ+ppvstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupptsJ+ppssvtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pppposJ+prsqsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osspts J+tvrqqoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poowosJ+ ppvstSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovsupv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoorqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/ortqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?16


psÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;w\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHw9[bTL.W[QpsOX[;vS@O pqw\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WO-9S[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotssoqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<poowrvJ+ppxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowpqqp s 

ossqouJ+tvrqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<osorrsJ+tttxqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

S[\H<oxqvprJ+rxqtrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owsoqsJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpvpqsx x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oqpptwJ+tpqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;

O^Koqxqxtr r pMJ

S[\HoutstrÄĄoxpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrrqÄĄoqrxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopwptqv q qMJ

orrwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptqtqÄĄoqrxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;wuqvss px qMJ

9[TS[\HpoqxspÄĄpptusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovop(

LOQ]\Oj[L<owsoqsJ+vrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpooptu s (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGOO\Oj[L<poowrvJ+ppxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]oprrspr q pMJ

vrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<osqqrxJ+tusspqt

QĂžTrtpvru w pMJ

\JLotrxtvÄĄovpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporxqpÄĄopoxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Ç?Çłrqsqosv x rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwstÄĄotpwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtpÄĄ

U\Lupvqopw pt sMJ

oroppxÄĄosrstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovprroÄĄowsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^quqvss t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<osorqwJ+tttwsvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owsopwJ+vrotqtS

I[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owsopwJ+

vrotqtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osorqwJ+tttwsvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<poowqxJ+ppwsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<osorqwJ+

tttwsvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsopwJ+vrotqtSI[+L[H

P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<poowqxJ+ppwsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< owsopwJ+vrotqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<poowqxJ+ppwsvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ \Oj[L<owsopwJ+vrotqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpostooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opopswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovsqqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqproxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/orsxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?17


ptÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;x\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHx9[bTL.W[QptOX[;wS@O pqw\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]W]H[LOQ]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsropO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<owsppqJ+vrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxooos t 

ososooJ+tuovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L<ororrpJ+trrpqvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ovsxopJ+rtqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sotssv po pMJ

stppptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLowowtsÄĄporwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpotwpq r qMJ

O[bS[S[\HouowswÄĄouttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpspqÄĄpprrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžopvrvqx q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpxruÄĄopottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpqsoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wuqsrs px qMJ

ovrtsqÄĄoxoqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovqq(

JUQ]\Oj[L<outqowJ+rquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotsqo t (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<owsppqJ+vrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]opsrqqq q pMJ

outqowJ+rquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­S[\H<ppssqvJ+

QĂžTrtsuu w pMJ

-X[ÄĄopowtpÄĄoqswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwtoÄĄotpwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłrqsqrv x rMJ

-X[ÄĄoptqpwÄĄorqtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopowtpÄĄoptwtp

U\Lupvptqw pt sMJ

owsuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqvruÄĄoropqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^quqsrs t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ororsuJ+trrqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ororsuJ+trrqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ororsuJ+trrqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^ :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owspouJ+vrqtqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outqopJ+rqsqtSI[+L[H

1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owspouJ+vrqtqt

SI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ororsuJ+ trrqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<outqopJ+rqsqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqoxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqouqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?18


puÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;po\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpo9[bTL.W[QpuOX[;x S@Opqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsptxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<outqtuJ+rtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxtptt u 

<opsuttJ+toqqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ossvpvJ+tvtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OS[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spssxsv pp pMJ

ovpwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxswqoÄĄppqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwttÄĄ

O^Kpqqsps r qMJ

otsropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwstÄĄorrwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžoputwtw q qMJ

9^\T9S[\HposusqÄĄpprqtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrrrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wuqpqr px qMJ

oqsxrrÄĄospupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovss(

\Oj[L<ossvpvJ+tvtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppstps u (

outqtuJ+rtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ottqotJ+rorqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]optroro q pMJ

<oxoqpoJ+rwqwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrvtuÄĄ

QĂžTrupssv w pMJ

otpxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouttqtÄĄoxpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptpssÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqsqtrw x rMJ

oxpsppÄĄposusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwroÄĄpqpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupvporv pt sMJ

opqvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowstssÄĄpopxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^quqpqr t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<opsuswJ+toqqpoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<opsuswJ+toqqpoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outqsxJ+rssqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opsuswJ+toqqpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<opsuswJ+toqqpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ossvpoJ+tvtrtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/ 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outqsxJ+rssqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ossvpoJ+tvtrtS I[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<outqsxJ+rssqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opsuswJ+toqqpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossvpoJ+

tvtrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqotpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?19


pv…OU[:ptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSpw…OU[:>[Ńpq\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]v5\ÑTvsuO[+T[bJUqs…>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTpv…>Huuw…QcHpq9[bTL.W[QpvOX[;poS@O pqw\X@S]M^dzbV[ġQdz\ëL]\M\MH9]ǚz[JU] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsotwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ \Oj[L<osswouJ+tvttqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lposvqq v 

otrutu\Oj[Loxsvsw„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

tvttqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„O\LSMS<orsosuJ+qtvt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

„@[T[9sqwttqx pq pMJ

ouoxotJ+rppvtqt„Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;S[\Hopotooġ

O^Kprsvsv r rMJ

opowqx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsvswġporvtw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ƕ¾opuqopo q pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrtqvġouoxrp„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppttstġopqqpx

O^SH/Q[J[Louowot(

ǚz[JU]\Oj[L<oqrortJ+tqpsvt„Mj[ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqrrtu v (

oopvssJ+suspuo„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<osswouJ+

„OT]opuqwrt q pMJ

\Oj[L<oqrortJ+tqpsvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;O½[<[HQ[J[L<

QþTrusrrx w qMJ

orqrqxQbXŃbR[;\JLotrutuġovpvpv„Mj[-X[ġporvtwġ

Ǐdzrqsqwqp x rMJ

oxpsppġpoooqp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoropqrġosrtqv„Mj[(

U\Lupvtst pt sMJ

„Mj[(

S[ȉwupwpq px qMJ „9H^qupwpq t sMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „;[dz;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<orsorxJ+qtusvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oopvrvJ+suspsqtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[ @^L[9„W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ „O\LSMS< orsorxJ+qtusvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oopvrvJ+suspsqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopq psptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<

oopvrvJ+suspsqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqroswJ+tqpssoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT „JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ „J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oopvrvJ+suspsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqroswJ+

tqpssoSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqroswJ+tqpssoSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ê[8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(

„O\LSMS<orsorxJ+qtusvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oopvrvJ+suspsqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqroswJ+tqpsso

SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louspts„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowqvsw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lporrpq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtooo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orotrw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lotpvqw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovrorq„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxsvsr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqopqq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optwru„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrvps„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoupu„Mj[( Q[\S153

M[\ď20


pwÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pr\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpr9[bTL.W[QpwOX[;ppS@O pqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxtvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ooousoJ+supusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppstrw w 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxssJ+pxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qrsxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrttvÄĄovpuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tprwuo pr pMJ

-X[ÄĄosqxqqÄĄouoxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqoqÄĄoxpspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kptwsq r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosowsxÄĄotsotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoussÄĄ

ǜžoptspqo q pMJ

owssquÄĄpopwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopwsoÄĄpptqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowqv(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[S[\H<posorwJ+sqrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqopp w (

ooousoJ+supusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orowsx

Â&#x201E;OT]opvqurw q qMJ

-X[ÄĄowoussÄĄporvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowpxÄĄoqswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrvpqsq w qMJ

-X[ÄĄorqqstÄĄosowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposupxÄĄpprqqr

Ç?Çłrqsrpps x rMJ

owtvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsqoqÄĄowqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupvotr pt sMJ

9[TS[\HoxoqrxÄĄpoqxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wuptq px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^quptq t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<posoroJ+sqrwttSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<potqssJ+prpptvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ? OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potqssJ+prpptvt SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqs

quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<posoroJ+sqrwttSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<posoroJ+sqrwttSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ooourrJ+

supuroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ooourr J+supuroSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT

/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxtwJ+pxpvrt

SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJS[\H<posoroJ+sqrwttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ooourrJ+supuroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oropsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?21


pxÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ps\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHps9[bTL.W[QpxOX[;pqS@O pqw\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]LS\W+X>H^­JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxrxtqJ+soxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqsttr x 

\Oj[L<potsoqJ+prptpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxrxtqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<pqosrtJ+pupprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<owtxpp

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqvqvq ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqwppÄĄposuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwotÄĄoptoor

O^Kpuqust r rMJ

ovptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupoptÄĄoutupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžoptqsr q pMJ

-X[ÄĄosrttoÄĄoupoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupoptÄĄovruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louowsw(

M_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[S[\H<oxoorxJ+rwrpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG;S

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqospq x (

soxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owquqvJ+vwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]opwqsrx q qMJ

J+wrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsussÄĄopowow

QĂžTrvsptt w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqruoqÄĄosovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqtpxÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqsrspw x rMJ

opqvopÄĄoropquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrstwÄĄovoxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Luputup pt sMJ

-X[ÄĄosprssÄĄotrxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wupptp px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qupptp t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<potrtuJ+prpstvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxoorqJ+rwrpqvtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potrtuJ+

prpstvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxoorqJ+rwrpqvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L

I[bL/S[\H<oxsoowJ+sopoqvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<potrtuJ+prpstvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxoorqJ+rwrpqvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJS[\H<oxsoowJ+sopoqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoursoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotoxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?22


qoÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpt9[bTL.W[QqoOX[;pr

S@Opqw\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9^Q­@jÄź]Ă&#x2DC;]Q[KO]M_\G­Q[cOU[:]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O^Ä­M_\G­Q[ P;O[LO^Ä­S.\O­P[O\H\I Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SN^TbJ[T;bĹ&#x201E;Ç&#x2C6;S] M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovptpuJ+rspostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsvrp po 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owqvrvJ+vpprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovptpu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<oxoooqJ+wrqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uppsuw pt qMJ

oxsupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqqsÄĄoxpspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kpvspsu r sMJ

outurpÄĄovsqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvsrÄĄorqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopsqsrs q pMJ

osovpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvssÄĄpptqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxpo(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Q[J[L<ovqqqwJ+rsqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqsurx po (

J+rspostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouosqoJ+ppttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]opxqqrx q qMJ

<ottwrtJ+ppqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLouqsquÄĄ

QĂžTrwpppw w qMJ

otrsooÄĄouqsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovtwÄĄoptwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłrqsrvrs x rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosqxssÄĄotqoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqppuÄĄ

U\Luputpx pt sMJ

pptqpwÄĄopqutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopqosxÄĄoqsutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wuwso px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^quwso t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ovqqqoJ+rsqwqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<ovptoxJ+rspoqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp rtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovqqqoJ+rsqwqtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqo

qqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovptoxJ+rspoqvtS I[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovqqqo J+rsqwqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovqqqoJ+rsqwqtS

I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovptoxJ+rspoqvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

owqvroJ+vppqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovptoxJ+rspoqvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovqqqoJ+rsqwqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouroovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LototsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?23


qpÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpu9[bTL.W[QqpOX[; psS@Opqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrutuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ostvoxJ+qwqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtoqo pp 

-L^S[K[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ouotrqJ+ppwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ttstrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<ottxquJ+prrt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uquqss pu qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrroqÄĄovpsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuprÄĄopovsw

O^Kpwtrro r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrxqsÄĄotqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtq

ǜžoprsvw q pMJ

oroproÄĄosruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovovsuÄĄowsqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxrp(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Q[J[L<ottosuJ+rospttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqwro pp (

ostvoxJ+qwqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ortpptJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqoqoru q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<orotrrJ+trtppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<

QĂžTrwsotp w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutusvÄĄoxpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprprsÄĄoqrsst

Ç?Çłrqssouo x rMJ

ÄĄorrxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopswtvÄĄoqrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupusupv pt sMJ

9[TS[\HpoqwruÄĄpptsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wutro px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qutro t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ostvopJ+qwqvrqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ottpopJ+rosqrqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ottxsoJ+pspoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V

\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[Q[J[L<ostvopJ+qwqvrqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ottpopJ+rosqrqtSI[+L[Hpr tvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottpopJ+rosqrqtS I[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ostvopJ+qwqvrqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V Q[J[L<ottpopJ+rosqrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ostvopJ+qwqvrqtS

I[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottxsoJ+

pspoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ostvopJ+qwqvrqtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ottpopJ+rosqrqtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotopssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppstrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?24


qqÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpv9[bTL.W[QqqOX[; ptS@Opqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrttvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxtoJ+qrppuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lortsqs pq 

Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsxtoJ+qrppuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+svvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLowortuÄĄportsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpoprqs pv rMJ

O[bS[S[\HouppqqÄĄoutvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsppÄĄpprppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppopss s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvooÄĄopoqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoutxÄĄ

ǜžoprporw p sMJ

ovrvosÄĄoxoqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxtr(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[Q[J[L<osrorvJ+qvqrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ospott pq (

<optprpJ+toswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<ooqqtu

Â&#x201E;OT]oqppwrp q rMJ

-X[ÄĄopovrxÄĄoqswtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxroÄĄotqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrxpors w qMJ

-X[ÄĄopswqtÄĄorpxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovrxÄĄoptwpu

Ç?Çłrqsssru x rMJ

owsptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqurwÄĄoroprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lupuspqt pt sMJ S[Č&#x2030;wuqpx px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^quqpx t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<osrotpJ+qvqsrqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtoosJ+qrpqrtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osrotpJ+qvqsrqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osrotpJ+qvqsrqtSI[+L[H

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtoosJ+qrpqrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtoosJ+qrpqrtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtoosJ+qrpqrtSI[+L[H

XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osrotpJ+ qvqsrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppspsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?25


qrÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;>HptqP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpw9[bTL.W[QqrOX[; puS@Opqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrstwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<pqtwqpJ+pwrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lostxtv pr 

Q_T[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqtwqpJ+pwrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sotvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrpowÄĄovpqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqsptp pw rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoutvqpÄĄoxpspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsvtrÄĄotrttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpppups s pMJ

postquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppquotÄĄpqpusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžopqrtpx p sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsppvÄĄpopuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsstsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupopt(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqusoJ+qssuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osttox pr (

oooxstJ+sururqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOS[\H<oxttowJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqqpuqs q rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxsssoÄĄppquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxrvÄĄotqpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrxsoqv w qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwpqÄĄorrxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpspqÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqsswqr x rMJ

postquÄĄpprpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptpquÄĄopqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupururr pt rMJ

ospoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wttxx px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qttxx t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqurrJ+qssupqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<oxttopJ+sotvqqtSI[+L[HKL^

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<pqtwrtJ+pwrupvtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H<oxttopJ+sotvqqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orqurrJ+qssupqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqurrJ+

qssupqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqtwrtJ+pwrupvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ppquqvJ+psswpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< pqtwrtJ+pwrupvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqurrJ+qssupqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppquqvJ+psswpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowospsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?26


qs…OU[:ptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSqt…OU[:>[Ńpx\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]ps5\ÑTvsuO[+T[bJUp…OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTqs…>Huuw…QcHpx9[bTL.W[QqsOX[;pv S@Opqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsooO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ \Oj[L<ppqvorJ+pssxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lououtv ps 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ppqvorJ+pssxsvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOS[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

rtrsrqt„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;S[\Hopoptoġorpwqs

„@[T[9wwstt px rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsspoġporstw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpsprġ

O^Kppquss s pMJ

osrutrġoupqow„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptrrrġoppwts„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louporv(

MčQ]LíÊQ_T[„O\LSMS<oqsqtsJ+qqtxqt„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otsqpx ps (

posxtxJ+srpvvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;\WĭQ[J[L<ovsstvJ+

„OT]oqrpspu q rMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotropqġovppsv„Mj[-X[ġporstwġopovqp

QþTrpopoqx w rMJ

oxtxss„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroprxġosrutr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ǐdzrqstqqp x rMJ Ƕ¾opqpqr p sMJ

U\Lupurpsq pt rMJ S[ȉwttttw px qMJ „9H^qttttw t sMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[@ʼn„O\LSMS<oqsqsvJ+qqtxvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV \W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppqutvJ+pssxrqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^

9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LS

MS<oqsqsvJ+qqtxvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqsqsvJ+qqtxvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ppqutvJ+pssxrqtSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<popxpuJ+pqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[; „J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppqutvJ+

pssxrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

popxpuJ+pqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Loupsqs„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lowoopw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lpootso„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqqqx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqrwou„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lossxtu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovorop„Mj[( O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxqopp„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpprrtp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprpos„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroxsr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwst„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď27


qtÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qo\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqo9[bTL.W[QqtOX[;pw S@Opqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrroqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<popxrrJ+pqtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovpssu pt 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqrpuJ+qqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<oxttsvJ+spupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxrxrtJ+poqwt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqpsotw qo rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqxpuÄĄovppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowopttÄĄporsrs

O^Kpprqtw s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsrqqÄĄoxpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpvsqÄĄosorow

ǜžoppqxp p sMJ

otrsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowopttÄĄowtqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;wttqsv px qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpoptqxÄĄpptotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqtrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louppoo(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<oxrxrtJ+poqwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourrpt pu (

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<popxrrJ+pqtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqspqt q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½Q[J[L<ottstuJ+rpspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

QĂžTrpososo w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovprÄĄoqswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrostÄĄoupqrp

Ç?Çłrqstuqx x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpostouÄĄpprorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosorowÄĄ

U\Lupuqutp pt rMJ

ovsrqqÄĄowqwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsootÄĄpoptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^qttqsv t sMJ

poqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqrroJ+qqptrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxtuopJ+sputqtSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<popxsu J+pquptSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ S[\H<oxtuopJ+

sputqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqrroJ+qqptrtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqrroJ+qqptrtS

I[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqrroJ+qqptrt SI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrxqvJ+poqvstSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<popxsuJ+ pquptSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrxqvJ+poqvstSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<popxsuJ+pquptSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqrroJ+qqptrtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxrxqvJ+poqvstSI[+L[HM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoopstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LossuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?28


qu…OU[:ptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSqv…OU[:>[Ńqp\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pu5\ÑTvsuO[+T[bJUr…OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTqu…>Huuw…QcHqp9[bTL.W[QquOX[;px S@Opqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqosO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ \Oj[L<oxrxssJ+poqwqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqpts pu 

„O\LSMS<oqrpsrJ+qqrwqt„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxqxsoJ+potrqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;ǶP

„@[T[9xtptp qp rMJ

opovot„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howqwttġposstv„Mj[-X[ġpqptrwġ

O^Kpprtssp s qMJ

oupxpxġovpopw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Houpqtsġoutwps„Mj[(

Ƕ¾opotwqs p sMJ

ovortt„Mj[-X[ġosrvqoġoupqts„Mj[(9[TS[\Houpqtsġ

O^SH/Q[J[Louppqq(

WŌQ]\Oj[L<oxqxsoJ+potrqt„Mj[I[+L[H-ƆQ]LíÊ1ġS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovqwor pv (

oxrxssJ+poqwqvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆS[\H<oxrossJ+sottvt

„OT]oqtxtr q sMJ

Q[J[L<osqvtxJ+qvqxt„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrpqġ

QþTrpppouo w rMJ

opsupx„Mj[-X[ġoqrpsoġosoqqp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzrqtosw x rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLopqupqġoropsu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqwqpġ

U\Lupuqqp pt rMJ

ovrvtt„Mj[-X[ġosowopġotrroq„Mj[(

S[ȉwtsxrv px qMJ „9H^qtsxrv t sMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „:h/;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<oqrpruJ+qqrwvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrxrwJ+poqwpqtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<

oqrpruJ+qqrwvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/ „O\LSMS<oqrpruJ+qqrwvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oxrxrwJ+poqwpqtSI[+L[H\ÊM^ƃSbJ[V„O\LSMS<oqrpruJ+qqrwvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqxrq J+potpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrxrwJ+poqwpqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<oxqxrqJ+potpqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\L I[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxrxrwJ+

poqwpqtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<

oqrpruJ+qqrwvtSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxqxrqJ+potpqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJ LíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louourp„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovtqqu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxtvsw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpsru„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqrops„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lossqot„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louttox„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxpqqo„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppqttx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqrpq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oropto„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrotr„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď29


qv…OU[:ptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSqw…OU[:>[Ńqq\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pv5\ÑTvsuO[+T[bJUs…OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTqv…>Huuw…QcHqq9[bTL.W[QqvOX[;qo S@Opqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ \Oj[L<oxqxqxJ+pott„Mj[I[+L[H-ƆQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqupq pv 

oroxsqJ+qsptrvt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SGOO\Oj[L<oxqxqxJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxtpotJ+ppppvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;Ƕ¾„O\LSMS<

„@[T[9xpwutx qq rMJ

oxsqss„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovsrswġoxpspw„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

O^Kppssprs s qMJ

outwrrġovsrsw„Mj[-X[ġpqptpwġorpupx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾opoqxsp p sMJ

osoprs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopsrxġpptoqq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louppst(

\Oj[L<oxtpotJ+ppppvt„Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LíÊØOG[„O\LSMS<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowqttp pw (

pott„Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxruqoJ+soqqpqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO

„OT]oquvrx q sMJ

orqtoxJ+qstspt„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ-Q`HbR[;\JLoupwrpġ

QþTrppspqx w rMJ

otqvqvġoupwrp„Mj[-X[ġopoutvġoptwop„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdzrqttpv x rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosrpppġotqqps„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horpupxġ

U\Lupupvpq pt rMJ

pptoqqġopquou„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoppvrqġoqsqqr„Mj[(

S[ȉwtsuqu px qMJ „9H^qtsuqu t sMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<oroxrsJ+qsptpvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oxtotwJ+pppSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\U ǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9

@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxqxqpJ+

posstSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtotwJ+pppS

I[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpx qpqrqsquLíÊH„O\LSMS<oroxrsJ+qsptpvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH

XO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS< oroxrsJ+qsptpvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ \ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxqxqpJ+posstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxqxqpJ+posstS

I[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxtotwJ+pppS

I[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxqxqpJ+posstSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oroxrsJ+qsptpvtS I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtotwJ+ pppSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louoqrt„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovswro„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxtrtq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqposo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqqupx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losrwox„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Loutpps„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxowqs„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppqqoq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxpv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvtt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqutw„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď30


qw…OU[:ptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSqx…OU[:>[Ńqr\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor \O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]pw5\ÑTvsuO[+T[bJUt…OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTqw…>Huuw…QcHqr9[bTL.W[Qqw OX[;qpS@Opqw\X@S]\ÊbT[>L[ƆQ] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotropqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<oxtopqJ+potxt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqtrx pw 

9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<oxtopqJ+potxt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

qrqosqt„Mj[I[+L[H/Ń-Q`HbR[;\JLotqursġovowtp„Mj[

„@[T[9pooturv qr rMJ

-X[ġppqxtoġoqroqx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLorsopuġotqqrr

O^Kpptqrqq s qMJ

oqroqx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroptsġosrvsw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqow(

LOQ]LíÊK\LƊ[Q[J[L<ospwpvJ+qvxpvt„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqtos px (

popqtqJ+spttst„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;ÓƬ„O\LSMS<oqsutpJ+

„OT]oqvtqr r pMJ

-X[ġporrqtġopouto„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houtwtpġoxpsqo„Mj[

QþTrpqpqu w rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxovġorsopu„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopstpxġ

Ǐdzrqtxtu x rMJ

ovoqqvġowrwqp„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpoqvssġpptqqs„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oporp p sMJ

U\Lupupqqt pt rMJ S[ȉwtsrpt px qMJ „9H^qtsrpt t sMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9Q[J[L<ospwoxJ+qvwtvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^L

H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtoqvJ+potxsqtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[

KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHQ[J[L <ospwoxJ+qvwtvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/Q[J[L<ospwoxJ+qvwtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]

„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxtoqvJ+potxsqtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< posqrxJ+prpqqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtoqvJ+potxsqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ospwoxJ+qvwtvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<posqrxJ+prpqqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lottwso„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovssrr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxsxtu„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqouss„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqqqqr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losrspr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lousvpw„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxosqw„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpppwov„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opptqp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrtw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqroq„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď31


qxÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qs\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqs9[bTL.W[Qqx OX[;qqS@Opqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<posptqJ+prpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppxot px 

9SG;S\Oj[L<posptqJ+prpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qqsuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovtxqqÄĄporror

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poprrpsx qs rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupsotÄĄoutxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsqrÄĄppqxru

O^Kppttxsu s qMJ

optvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpsspÄĄpqtxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžoxrwro p rMJ

9[TS[\HovrwruÄĄoxorovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqrp(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Q[J[L<otttspJ+rpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqrtt qo (

pppwruJ+sssqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrqpu

Â&#x201E;OT]oqwrt r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoussÄĄoqsxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoqsÄĄotqqtq

QĂžTrpqsqtq w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsssxÄĄorpstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoussÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqtpsst x rMJ

ovopssÄĄowrvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqttuÄĄoroptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupuvrw pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wtsot px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qtsot t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ottttuJ+rpptrvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pospsuJ+prpopqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ottttu

J+rpptrvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottttuJ+rpptrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pospsuJ+ prpopqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pospsuJ+prpopqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ottttuJ+rpptrvtSI[+L[H \JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqoqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosropvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxoorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opppqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?32


roÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;>HuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqt9[bTL.W[Qro OX[;qrS@Opqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<pqoortJ+puqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqouqt qo 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqoortJ+puqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oqrwrvJ+qrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotqssxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqttsqv qt qMJ

otqrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutxqtÄĄoxpsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrssÄĄ

O^Kppurorp s qMJ

oxpsppÄĄpossoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsooÄĄpqptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoxpupt p rMJ

opqttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrvpsÄĄpoprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqts(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJQ[J[L<ovtxopJ+ruqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqpot qp (

<oosxrpJ+swrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;OT]oqxost r pMJ

ovovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxspqrÄĄppqsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsorrÄĄ

QĂžTrprprsv w rMJ

otqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptvtuÄĄorsorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłrqtpxss x rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpossoqÄĄppqwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxrxÄĄ

U\Lupuqtr pt rMJ

oqrxtrÄĄososovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wtruts px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qtruts t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwqxJ+qrspoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS

JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ovtwtrJ+ruqtpoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqooswJ+puqxtvtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwqxJ+qrspoSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovtwtrJ+ruqtpoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovtwtrJ+ruqtpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovtwtrJ+ruqtpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqooswJ+puqxtvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqooswJ+ puqxtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovtwtrJ+ruqtpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovruspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osptpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?33


rp…OU[:ptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSp„@D>[Ńqu\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qp5\ÑTvsuO[+T[bJUw…OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTp…OU[:uuw…QcHqu9[bTL.W[QrpOX[;qs S@Opqw\X@S]Ø]-MS[@T¾]h[59[JU] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ „O\LSMS<opsptwJ+qost„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqswqu qp 

„SOH]9SGO[TO„O\LSMS<opsptwJ+qost„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

oroprqJ+qsrtt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ]\H-Q`HbR[;S[\Hpqtwquġ

„@[T[9ppwutw qu qMJ

opourp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsotvġporqqo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

O^Kpputtqp s rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrwrqġoupsts„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptppoġopptpt

O^SH/Q[J[Louprpv(

ǚz[JU]LíÊ1ġSP[ÍMJS[\H<poqpsvJ+sqqsrqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqpttw qq (

<oqrxpqJ+trpopo„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;\Oƃ^Ŧ„O\LSMS<

„OT]oqxtwqs r pMJ

orpqtuQbXŃbR[;\JLotqrtwġovoust„Mj[-X[ġporqqoġ

QþTrprssto w sMJ

oxpsptġoxtxot„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqpoġosrwrq„Mj[(

Ǐdzrqtqstr x rMJ

„Mj[(

Ƕ¾owtuqo p rMJ

U\Lupttwpo pt rMJ S[ȉwtrrss px qMJ „9H^qtrrss t sMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\QÊS[\H<poqpspJ+sqqspvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ „O\LSMS<opsptoJ+qosssoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHS[\H<poqpspJ+

sqqspvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[„L/S[\H<poqpspJ+sqqspvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ„O\LSMS<

opsptoJ+qosssoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<opsptoJ+qosssoSI[+L[HM_\H9[ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<opsptoJ+

qosssoSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poqpspJ+sqqspvt SI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotsutp„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovrqsu„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxrwox„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptstv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqport„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losqqqt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lourtqx„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owtqso„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppoupx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporrr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsqpp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospppr„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď34


p„@DptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSq„@D>[Ńqv\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qq5\ÑTvsuO[+T[bJUx…OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTq…OU[:uuw…QcHqv9[bTL.W[Qp„@DqtS@O pqw\X@S] W[+¾[\ļX\QH/rp…OU[:ptrQ[\S vsusqp W[9TbWL J+pqwtqt <urSWQj  „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqursO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ „O\LSMS<orrwovJ+qtrvqvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqupu

„SOH]\Oj[L<ootuovJ+swtsrqt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]9SG…H\HT

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

twprqvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;Ñ]\H„O\LSMS<orrttwJ+qtrqt

„@[T[9ppqopqqp qv qMJ

ouptpwġowqxrr„Mj[-X[ġpqtwosġorpqpx„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kppvpsq s rMJ

-X[ġoxsorpġporqoo„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtvrsġ

Ƕ¾owrwsw p rMJ

owrupoġpopqsq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopqsqġppsxpr„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprsp(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqrow\Oj[Loxsorp„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ

qq O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[opowrx qr (

„O\LSMS<orrwovJ+qtrvqvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osrxspJ+

„OT]potup r qMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ɛ[L-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpstvġoqsxqr„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QþTrpspuo w sMJ

ortvosġotqurs„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLoupsruġovouot„Mj[

Ǐdzrqtropq x rMJ

owsxor„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovssswġowqxrr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupttrqw pt rMJ

9[TS[\Hoxorovġpoqvoq„Mj[(

S[ȉwtrorr px qMJ „9H^qtrorr t sMJ Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<ootuooJ+swtsptSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ „O\LSMS<orrttpJ+qtrpsvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ootuooJ+swtsptSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+X KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<

ootuooJ+swtsptSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L <ootuooJ+swtsptSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<orrvtxJ+ qtrvvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<orrvtxJ+qtrvvtSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS <orrttpJ+qtrpsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<orrvtxJ+qtrvvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ootuooJ+swtsptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotsqtt„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovqwto„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxrsps„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptpoo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqourx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lospwro„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lourprs„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owswsr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppoqqs„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqtxrv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrwpt„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovpw„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď35


qÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qr5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqw9[bTL.W[QqÂ&#x201E;@DquS@O pqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<otsoosJ+rossqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqopox

9SG;S\Oj[L<osrwowJ+twxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otsoos

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

U9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LQ[J[L<ospsqrJ+qvpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqprtv p pMJ

ovstorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqwqqÄĄopsqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorppsqÄĄ

O^Kppvquqp s rMJ

oxsoouÄĄpqpssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouprtqÄĄovotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžowqrsr p rMJ

oroqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqqpwÄĄoutwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrxor

S[Č&#x2030;wtqvqq px qMJ

ÄĄotqtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsot(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<orrqruJ+ttqvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

qr O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optxrv qs (

J+rossqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ousorqJ+rpvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pptrrv r qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorspoqÄĄouptsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovooqrÄĄ

QĂžTrpssvpx w sMJ

otqtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqqpwÄĄouprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqtrtso x rMJ

9^\T9S[\HouptsrÄĄovooqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtspÄĄ

U\Luptswsw pt rMJ

ÄĄouptsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouptsrÄĄovrxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoptu

Â&#x201E;9H^qtqvqq t sMJ ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orrqqxJ+ttqvroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orrqqx J+ttqvroSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

orrqqxJ+ttqvroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ Q[J[L<otrxtuJ+rosstSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Q[J[L<ospsruJ+ qvpostSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<otrxtuJ+rosstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orrqqxJ+ttqvroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqoqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LospsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqttsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osorqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?36


r„@DptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSs„@D>[Ńqx\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qs5\ÑTvsuO[+T[bJUpp…OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTs…OU[:uuw…QcHqx9[bTL.W[Qr„@DqvS@O pqw\X@S]W[\OÊ]>H^­JU]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbObQS[@ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqssxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ Q[J[L<ovrwoqJ+rtspqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrspt

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<ourxqqJ+rpssqt„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HL[;„R[;„WgP[;½Q[J[L<ostorwJ+qwsqtqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9opsptpu q pMJ

oqsxrs„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpuowġovstpw„Mj[-X[ġposrrvġ

O^Kppvrqx s rMJ

osrqtpġotqsro„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horppotġorttso„Mj[(

Ƕ¾owppv p rMJ

opqtrx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoppsosġoqrvrx„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsqx(

I[+L[HI[\>LíÊPSG]\Oj[L<ouopttJ+psrqt„Mj[I[+L[H9`\ġ9[

qs O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqsxrr qt (

ovrwoqJ+rtspqqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<owrqsuJ+wopo

„OT]pqtppo r qMJ

„U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLovossvġoxrxsq„Mj[-X[ġpqpsrwġ

QþTrptpwst w sMJ

pqtvqp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosrqtpġotqsro„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzrqtsppw x rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopptxġppswsx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswsxġ

U\Luptsspo pt rMJ S[ȉwtqspq px qMJ „9H^qtqspq t sMJ

O^KO\¾/H/„O\LSMS<oqqwrrJ+ qqsvso Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<ouopsxJ+psqsvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<

ouopsxJ+psqsvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ouopsxJ+psqsvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouopsxJ+psqsvtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovrvttJ+rtsptSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;

9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ourxrvJ+rptqoSI[+L[H \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovrvttJ+rtsptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotrtos„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovqotw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxquqp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsrpo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[optwsw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losporw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louqrsr„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owsotr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpotsrp„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqtpst„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqroqr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxqu„Mj[(

s„@DptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSt„@D>[Ńro\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qt5\ÑTvsuO[+T[bJUpq…OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTt…OU[:uuw…QcHro9[bTL.W[Qs„@Dqw S@Opqw\X@S].\@„Qg\L Q^SO^S\Jj[\XL[\L NT[X[S]9[\T9[M^@[

Q[\S153

M[\ď37


„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrtwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ S[\H<oxqqqpJ+sosvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orourw

<owptoqJ+vpvsvt„Mj[I[+L[H„S[\XG]9SG>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H\9Ǣö„R[;„U[PLQ[J[L<otpvrsJ+qxtqpo„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9oqupxtp q sMJ

pqpqrp„Mj[-X[ġopsproġorpoqx„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

O^Kppvrpqq s rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hopsproġoqqttx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroqruġ

Ƕ¾owotx p rMJ

poqutoġpptopu„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsts(

Ñ\HMJLíÊPSG]\Oj[L<ouoosuJ+psopo„Mj[I[+L[H9`\ġ9[\Oj[L

qt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorrxpo qu (

owrprvJ+vtvpvt„Mj[I[+L[HL[;S[\H<oxqqqpJ+sosvt„Mj[

„OT]prswsq r rMJ

-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLowsvrtġporpoq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpsrqġ

QþTrpttopx w sMJ

ortstxġosrxqw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxsoġorspqr„Mj[(

Ǐdzrqtsvu x rMJ

osrxrt„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutvspġowrsso„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Luptrxrs pt rMJ S[ȉwtqpp px qMJ „9H^qtqpp t sMJ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<ouoorwJ+prxtoSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otpvqvJ+qxtptqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<owpsttJ+vpvroSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otpvqvJ+qxtptqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ S[\H<oxqqptJ+sortqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ouoorwJ+

prxtoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owpsttJ+vpvroSI[+L[Hprtuw

popqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L -9S[\L\Oj[L<ouoorwJ+prxtoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/S[\H<oxqqpt

J+sortqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ouoorwJ+prxtoSI[+L[H \ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxqqptJ+sortqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouoorwJ+prxtoS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqqptJ+

sortqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owpsttJ+vpvroSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotrpox„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovpvor„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxqqqt„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprxps„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[optstq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losousq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Loupxsv„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owrutv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpotoru„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqsvsx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqquqw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orttro„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď38


tÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHp/=[.W[QtÂ&#x201E;@DqxS@Opqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ S[\H<posttoJ+srrssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrxpx

9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<poourtJ+pptusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<postto

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

roqqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotpxttÄĄovttpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pwrpt r sMJ

O[bS[S[\HouputxÄĄovopqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqpuÄĄoqqtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kppvqrtw s rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowroprÄĄoxtxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouoxÄĄ

ǜžovtrqo p rMJ

outvorÄĄowrsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtrtÄĄoroqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptpw(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<owprtsJ+vpstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

qu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losqxov qv (

J+srrssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<otqxopJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pssupr r rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrwtuÄĄpqpsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsprsÄĄosrrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpuqqo w sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqsxsuÄĄorsprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrrqqÄĄotqtpp

Ç?Çłrqttrr x rMJ

optvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqpuÄĄpqtusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Luptrtp pt rMJ

9[TS[\HovsoptÄĄoxorrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wtpvto px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qtpvto t sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owpsowJ+vptrqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<pootoqJ+pptsstSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspu

pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpsowJ+vptrqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<pootoqJ+pptsstSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pootoqJ+pptsstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

owpsowJ+vptrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<postsrJ+srrsroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/ S[\H<postsrJ+srrsroSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;

Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owpsowJ+vptrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ S[\H<postsrJ+srrsroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pootoqJ+pptsstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovprovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosoqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?39


uÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHq/=[.W[QuÂ&#x201E;@DroS@Opqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<ppsqpvJ+sttvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osprps

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pppvqvJ+psttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+roqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovtsswÄĄppqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqotptw s sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpqopÄĄopsosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqqoÄĄpqpspr

O^Kppvpot s rMJ

opqtrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrrsqÄĄpoppooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louptsr(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<poosqqJ+pptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

qv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotpxtt qw (

ppsqpvJ+sttvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<otqopx

Â&#x201E;OT]ptsrsq r rMJ

-X[ÄĄoptvtxÄĄotqtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupvqtÄĄoxtxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrputrsx x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrqqÄĄppqvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswpvÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqttxx x rMJ

oqruotÄĄortxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžovswx p rMJ

U\Luptroro pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wtpsso px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qtpsso t sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<poospuJ+pptqtoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<ppsqpoJ+sttvrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ S[\H<ppsqpoJ+sttvrtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv

pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poospuJ+pptqtoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poospuJ+pptqtoSI[+L[H

P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L S[\H<ppsqpoJ+sttvrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppsqpoJ+sttvrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H< ppsqpoJ+sttvrtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L< poospuJ+pptqtoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJS[\H<ppsqpoJ+sttvrtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouppttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?40


v„@DptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSw„@D>[ŃrO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qw5\ÑTvsuO[+T[bJUpt…OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTw…OU[:uuw…QcHr/=[.W[Qv„@DpU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]SŦ[H`H]j[

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ooowrqJ+svvpqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ossxpv

9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<pptxpoJ+pusptvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

qwsuro„Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLorsptvġoupvtp„Mj[O[bS[

„@[T[9qrqtw t sMJ

-X[ġortrooġotqpqx„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotpwqrġoupoqp

O^Kppusxtq s rMJ

poropo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpssxġoxtxor„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾ovstqt p rMJ

9[TS[\Hppsxsoġoppqrv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuow(

>H^I­]LíÊQ`;\US[\Oj[L<ppqusuJ+ptqotvt„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louppsv qx (

ooowrqJ+svvpqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;K`\HQ[J[L<osswtxJ+

„OT]puspx r sMJ

S[\Hovoqotġoxpssx„Mj[-X[ġpqppsvġoqqsrp„Mj[

QþTrpvqtst x pMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoxrwpqġppqqow„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrwpqġ

Ǐdzrqutqs x rMJ

oroqtxġossoqt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossoqtġoupvtp„Mj[(

U\Luptqup pt rMJ S[ȉwtppqx px qMJ „9H^qtppqx t sMJ O^KO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L XSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ppqusoJ+ptqosqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<

ppqusoJ+ptqosqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <S

W[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppqusoJ+ptqosqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\L

„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ooowsvJ+svvtoSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<ppqusoJ+ptqosqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooowsvJ+svvtoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovotps„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxporv„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppqvqt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opsros„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[ortsts„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Louovtx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owqtox

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hporwsv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqruop„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpsso„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsrsr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otptqt„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď41


wÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;sO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@] qx5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHs/=[.W[QwÂ&#x201E;@DqU[ O[Lpqw\X@S] 1Q[>H^I­]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqosqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ooortoJ+sutvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqwqo

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pqoxtwJ+pvposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

quqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprtxÄĄoqtoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpupqqx u rMJ

-X[ÄĄortqqqÄĄotqosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouoxspÄĄovopss

O^Kppuqrsq s qMJ

owstsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsuruÄĄowrosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžovstu p rMJ

9[TS[\HoxortrÄĄpoquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupurs(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<pqpxqoJ+pvrspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

qx O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovosrw ro (

ooortoJ+sutvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortroxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pvrwrt r sMJ

S[\HoupwpvÄĄowrosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqttssÄĄorowprÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpvtvsv x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvtpÄĄpoqxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtrsuÄĄ

Ç?Çłrquppsx x rMJ

owrqswÄĄpopoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopoqrÄĄppsvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luptqprt pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wtwpw px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qtwpw t sMJ O^KO\ž

ǜžO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twstsvt U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pqpxpqJ+pvrrtqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pqpxpqJ+pvrrtqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqpxpqJ+pvrrtqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooorssJ+sutuuoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<pqpxpqJ+pvrrtqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ooorssJ+sutuuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqoxtoJ+pvpoqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqpxpqJ+pvrrtqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooorssJ+ sutuuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovoppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxousqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouosoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqppr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqposrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otppqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?42


xÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;tO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro5\Ă&#x2018;TvsuO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHt/=[.W[QxÂ&#x201E;@DrU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ S[\H<ppqwrrJ+stqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louppoq p 

OO\Oj[L<ppsxswJ+puqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<ppqwrrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLorsqqpÄĄoupwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqxptps v rMJ

orovsoÄĄotpxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotputuÄĄouoxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppttqr s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupwsrÄĄovoqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtrrÄĄ

ǜžovsvpo p rMJ

ÄĄoupwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupwsrÄĄovspqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvpu

O^SH/Q[J[Louputx(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<pqsppvJ+pwrotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtvtt p (

stqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrqtqJ+qrxto

Â&#x201E;OT]pwrttx r sMJ

ovoqswÄĄovsutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvpuÄĄoprxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrpwqxtv x pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrvrpÄĄpqprtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoxorÄĄovoppo

Ç?Çłrqupwqq x rMJ

ororpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotputuÄĄoutsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossotx

U\Luptpvpq pt rMJ

ÄĄotpxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wttw px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qttw t sMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pptooqJ+puqqstSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqsppoJ+pwrortSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pptooqJ+puqqstSI[+L[HO`V 99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<pqsppoJ+pwrortSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqsppoJ+pwrortSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/S[\H< ppqwsvJ+stqxrvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pptooqJ+puqqstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pqsppoJ+pwrortSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<ppqwsvJ+

stqxrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxoqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprtpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouooouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqousvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otovrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?43


poÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[QpoÂ&#x201E;@DsU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<poqtrtJ+sqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louppoq p 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ppooqxJ+psqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<poqtrtJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLovoorvÄĄoxrvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprsvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpqrrsu w rMJ

pqttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrssuÄĄotqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Kpptptrp s qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpooxsxÄĄppsvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvspÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvqt(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<pqrsqvJ+pwptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtvtt p (

sqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<pqsxrtJ+pwtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pxrrqq r sMJ

oqtoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupxoxÄĄovsvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposroxÄĄ

QĂžTrpxqps x pMJ

osrssuÄĄotqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorovoxÄĄortpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłrquqts x rMJ

opqtrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppprxÄĄoqrsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžovtprr p rMJ

U\Luptpqtq pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wtptv px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qtptv t sMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqrsspJ+pwpupoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqrsspJ+

pwpupoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqrsspJ+pwpupoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<poqtqwJ+

sqtrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<poqtqwJ+

sqtrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poqtqwJ+sqtrvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ppoossJ+psqppvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

pqrsspJ+pwpupoSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ S[\H<poqtqwJ+sqtrvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?44


ppÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;vO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHv/=[.W[QppÂ&#x201E;@DtU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvstJ+rxptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loutvsv q 

;S\Oj[L<oxssrrJ+pppqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvstJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<postqtJ+prsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rquvso x rMJ

poqxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxptpuÄĄpqpotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwsvÄĄ

O^Kppsrstr s qMJ

\JLoqtorpÄĄorsqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprwsvÄĄoqqqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžovtwps p rMJ

owrprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqurwÄĄppswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvtp(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<pqopssJ+puttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtoss q (

rxptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owotprJ+vtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]ppoross s pMJ

owqpstJ+vsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLowssrvÄĄ

QĂžTrpxrsrv x pMJ

orourwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HortorrÄĄosrsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ç?Çłrqurptt x rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLororrtÄĄossprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutrrqÄĄ

U\Luptwrt pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wstwsu px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qstwsu t sMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqoptwJ+pututSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ppoupoJ+psrwpvtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[

WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<pqoptwJ+pututSI[+L[H \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpo

ppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqoptwJ+pututSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppoupoJ+psrwpvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqoptwJ+pututSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppoupoJ+psrwpvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvrxJ+rxptpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvrxJ+rxptpvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<oxssswJ+ppprpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvrxJ+rxptpvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppoupoJ+psrwpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppppsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[

opqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HpoqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?45


pqÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;wO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHw/=[.W[QpqÂ&#x201E;@DuU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ovowsrJ+rssssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovswrp r 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owottxJ+vvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovowsrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<owqqrqJ+vsxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sxttrx po rMJ

ovtptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrurtÄĄpqprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsrooÄĄ

O^Kpprtpr s qMJ

oqqqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtorxÄĄorsrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžowvx p rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopottwÄĄoptwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqposuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wsttru px qMJ

opqtruÄĄororstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsqpsÄĄoxosquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwpv(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<ppouspJ+psrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxsqor r (

rssssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouovrpJ+qprpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pppqws s pMJ

<otsrsvJ+pprtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotpstpÄĄ

QĂžTrqovv x qMJ

osrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqooqÄĄovortrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqposuÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqurwtt x rMJ

osrtqpÄĄotqvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrprsÄĄoxtxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luptsqp pt rMJ

pqtsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutrooÄĄowrpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qsttru t sMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ppourtJ+psrxqoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxtqsuJ+ppruqtSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq

rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppourtJ+psrxqoSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqp

qqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtqsuJ+ppruqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppourtJ+psrxqoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxtqsuJ+ppruqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovowtxJ+rsstqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owottpJ+vvroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppourtJ+psrxqoSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovowtxJ+ rsstqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxtqsuJ+ ppruqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoustrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owotqx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?46


prÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;xO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHx/=[.W[QprÂ&#x201E;@DvU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotputuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otorrpJ+qxrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowsqsq s 

\Oj[L<owqtsxJ+worvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orttqwJ+tussstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqrttsu pp sMJ

tsxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLovtpqvÄĄppqpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpprstx s pMJ

pqportÄĄoprwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpowÄĄpqprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžowpwpr p rMJ

opqtrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrosuÄĄpooxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwsr(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oxtrsoJ+pprwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporpoq s (

ouowpxJ+qptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otorrpJ+qxrrpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppqqtqr s pMJ

XV­G\Oj[L<otssrrJ+ppttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<oqtrrsJ+

QĂžTrqorxsr x qMJ

optwqrÄĄotqwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqoqxÄĄoxtxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqusur x sMJ

9^\T9S[\HposrosÄĄppqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvqpÄĄ

U\Luptopp pt rMJ

oqrqsxÄĄortstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wstqqt px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qstqqt t sMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxtrrrJ+pprwqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otorqsJ+qxrrSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L< owqtsqJ+woqoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; 99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<otorqsJ+qxrrSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9S S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtrrrJ+

pprwqqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqtsqJ+woqoSI[+L[Hprtuw

popqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxtrrrJ+pprwqqtSI[+L[H 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otorqsJ+qxrrSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owqtsqJ+woqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxtrrrJ+pprwqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otorqsJ+qxrrSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<otssquJ+pptrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxtrrrJ+pprwqqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otorqsJ+qxrrSI[+L[H 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L< owqtsqJ+woqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpportpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoprr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoptprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqpqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S153

M[\Ä?47


ps„@DptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSpt„@D>[ŃpoO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]t„QvsuO[+T[bJUqq…OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTpt…OU[:uuw…QcHpo/=[.W[Qps„@DwU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuprO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ „O\LSMS<oqsuotJ+qrtppvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrxqv t 

Xƚ[\Oj[L<outopoJ+srt„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oprrsrJ+totptvt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;

„@[T[9twtqt pq sMJ

orsrqwġouqotu„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovosrvġoxptsp„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kppqpvsv s pMJ

QbXŃbR[;\JLotprrsġououor„Mj[-X[ġoxruopġppqpoo

Ƕ¾owrpqs p rMJ

oxtxqq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorosotġossqrp„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxox(

I[+L[H59[JU]LíÊ1ġSN[ǵL]\Oj[L<owqurwJ+wqso„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpppvpt t (

orturwJ+tusvso„Mj[I[+L[H;S„O\LSMS<oqsuotJ+qrtppvt

„OT]pprqqso s qMJ

\W\ĭS[\H<ppttquJ+sussso„Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QþTrqppqqu x qMJ

pqpoqtġoqqpqx„Mj[-X[ġorswtpġotpupr„Mj[

Ǐdzrqutrqo x sMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxruopġpoqwrp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxptspġ

U\Lupstus pt rMJ

ossqrpġouqotu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppswrtġoppoqx„Mj[(

S[ȉwssxps px qMJ „9H^qssxps t sMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owqutqJ+wrptSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<outoopJ+sqsqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½ OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9

„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owqutqJ+wrptSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH

\Oj[L<outoopJ+sqsqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL  <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owqutqJ+wrptSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[

-ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqsttwJ+

qrtpSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<outoopJ+sqsqtS

I[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owqutqJ+wrptSI[+L[H „J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oqsttwJ+qrtpSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[

\W\ĭbR[;8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L< owqutqJ+wrptSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ„O\LSMS<oqsttwJ+qrtpSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<outoopJ+ sqsqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lourvss„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowsrou„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpotxts„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opptrr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orqvqq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotsoqw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtvrv

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpopppv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqowro„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsvow„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpupq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvtr„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď48


ptÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[QptÂ&#x201E;@DxU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]M[Ä&#x161;O[\L@­T[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pqqpotJ+pvtoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporvto u 

<otporpJ+txttqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pqqpot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtropJ+rxpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqqqpro pr sMJ

owrqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtrtqÄĄorossqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswpxÄĄ

O^Kppprort s pMJ

oxrtstÄĄpoqwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtorwÄĄowsrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžowsurx p rMJ

poowruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoowruÄĄppsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxru(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<outotwJ+sttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqooto u (

J+pvtoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppourtJ+ssssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]ppspxtu s qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprqvÄĄoqtpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqpqrÄĄ

QĂžTrqpstpt x qMJ

otptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouotroÄĄoutwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqvost x sMJ

9^\T9S[\HovswruÄĄowrqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowroorÄĄ

U\Lupstqp pt rMJ

oxosttÄĄpoquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wssus px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qssus t sMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?49


@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<outppqJ+stsoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9„Wń[<owtqtsJ+rxxttSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­ S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

otpoqtJ+txttpqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\L

O[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`V S[\USH[ „Wń[<owtqtsJ+rxxttSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sp rtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<outppqJ+stsoSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqq

qsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<otpoqtJ+txttpqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[<S

W[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<outppqJ+stsoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqqotxJ+pvtovtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otpoqtJ+ txttpqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[

K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxtptuJ+pprwuoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT „JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<pqqotxJ+

pvtovtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqqotxJ+pvtovtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<oxtptuJ+pprwuoSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<outppqJ+stsoS I[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

pqqotxJ+pvtovtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owtqtsJ+rxxttSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtptuJ+pprwuoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lourrsw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowrxpo„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpotttw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[oppprv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orqrqu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotrurq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtrsp

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpoovqo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqosrt„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsrpr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpqpt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrtw„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď50


puÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pqO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/=[.W[QpuÂ&#x201E;@DpoU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpstpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oxtrpsJ+ppsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpprvpq v 

ovquopJ+trtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<otppqqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\OU[:[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxtrpsJ+ppsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uusorx pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[LQ[J[L<otsxoxJ+rprqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O^Kppossqw s pMJ

ovswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqurtÄĄoprvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorosptÄĄ

ǜžoxrtq p rMJ

oxrtroÄĄpqprqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouostwÄĄoutvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wssqtr px qMJ

orosqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpqqoÄĄoutpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrox

O^KO\ž

ÄĄotpstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqooq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpqqo\Oj[LoxrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsqqr v (

txtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<orrppuJ+ttswsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]pptpvpp s qMJ

owrxosJ+rwrutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovquopJ+trtso

QĂžTrqqpwpo x qMJ

M\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLorsrtuÄĄouqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovotqqÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqvwpw x sMJ

otpstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpqqoÄĄouostwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Lupsswp pt rMJ

9^\T9S[\HouqptoÄĄovotqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtsuÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qssqtr t sMJ

ÄĄouqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqptoÄĄovsrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortrps

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<orrprpJ+ttsxqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orrprpJ+ttsxqtSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< oxtrovJ+ppsptvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orrprpJ+ttsxqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtrovJ+ppsptvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqttqJ+trtpvtSI[+L[H

W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtrovJ+ppsptvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orrprpJ+ttsxqtS

I[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovqttqJ+trtpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsxst

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoorqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqoorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orowpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?51


pvÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;prO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/=[.W[QpvÂ&#x201E;@DppU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpspqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ovqutpJ+trvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrvqq w 

\Oj[L<optvswJ+tpturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otouotJ+txsvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqotxqo pu pMJ

oxrtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqqÄĄoqtpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqpwÄĄ

O^Kppoorr s pMJ

osrutrÄĄotqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrutrÄĄotqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoxqro p rMJ

ppsvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvopÄĄopqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqoqx(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<otouotJ+txsvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqqtp w (

ovqutpJ+trvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ouptrtJ+rqrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]ppupsqt s qMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqswrtJ+qsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoutvoxÄĄ

QĂžTrqqtppp x qMJ

ovsxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrorÄĄpqtrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłrqvpttx x sMJ

9^\T9S[\HororsxÄĄorsvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoowpqÄĄ

U\Lupsssu pt rMJ

opoxssÄĄoqrpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wsrxsq px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qsrxsq t sMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<optwosJ+tptvptSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<optwosJ+tptvptSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<optwosJ+tptvptSI[+L[Hprtvxpopqpspu

pwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<ovqvouJ+trwqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<optwosJ+tptvptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otottwJ+txsuuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<optwosJ+tptvptSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<ovqvouJ+trwqqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otottwJ+ txsuuoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(

\Oj[L<ovqvouJ+trwqqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<optwos J+tptvptSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

\Oj[L<otottwJ+txsuuoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oporstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovstto

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orosqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osruotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?52


pwÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ptO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/=[.W[QpwÂ&#x201E;@DpqU[ O[L pqw\X@S]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SĆ&#x;[LR[Ă&#x160;[-Ç&#x192;^O[>]X\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprrsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otoutvJ+txsxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprwro x 

\Oj[L<oorssxJ+swroroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqtvopJ+tsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vtpso pv pMJ

xtwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLowsqpuÄĄpoqvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Kpxpxsx r sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsusvÄĄosropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtpsoÄĄ

ǜžoxsso p rMJ

orostpÄĄossrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutoovÄĄowqxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqotu(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[\Oj[L<oqtvopJ+tsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqorqr x (

otoutvJ+txsxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<osooqrJ+qvrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppvpprv s rMJ

\Oj[L<pptsqxJ+puswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<oxoxtxJ+

QĂžTrqrqspw x rMJ

S[\HoxpupwÄĄpqoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprurvÄĄororqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłrqvqrsw x sMJ

orssquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprurvÄĄoqqoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupssops pt rMJ

9[TS[\HpoquswÄĄppswoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wsrurq px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qsrurq t sMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<oorssqJ+swropqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oqtvptJ+tsqurtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oorssqJ+swropqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopppr

ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oorssqJ+swropqtSI[+L[H <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqtvptJ+tsqurtSI[+L[HTX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oqtvptJ+

tsqurtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pptsqrJ+puswqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oorssqJ+swropqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<oqtvptJ+tsqurtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovsptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxttrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orooqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?53


pxÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;puO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/=[.W[QpxÂ&#x201E;@DprU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqtuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<oporqtJ+sxsrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqspos po 

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optwqxJ+qptxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

xtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<ourxsoJ+rsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpxqpqr pw pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssspÄĄosrvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqrpqÄĄovourp

O^Kpwsrpo r sMJ

orssspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrvrqÄĄotroqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrroxÄĄ

ǜžopousw p sMJ

pqoxssÄĄpqtrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousxsqÄĄowqwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wsrrqp px qMJ

oxotrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpqr(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[S[\H<ppqurtJ+strxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqstpt po (

oporqtJ+sxsrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<oxpoqxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwwsx s rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotporvÄĄovsxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrssxÄĄpqprqo

QĂžTrqrtvrp x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxssÄĄoqpxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtptpÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqvrpsu x sMJ

oxtxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoupoÄĄoptxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Lupsruqu pt rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqttxÄĄorotosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovssqtÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qsrrqp t sMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<ppquqwJ+strxrvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oporsoJ+sxsrttSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxpoqqJ+xtxqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L 9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<oporsoJ+sxsrttSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppquqwJ+

strxrvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oporsoJ+sxsrttSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oporsoJ+

sxsrttSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxpoqqJ+xtxqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H< ppquqwJ+strxrvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oporsoJ+sxsrttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppswtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqturqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?54


qoÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pvO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/=[.W[QqoÂ&#x201E;@DpsU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]-Ç&#x192;^O[>]T\QT

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqqoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<ppqxrxJ+stswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorstqw pp 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqpspvJ+pvsoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppqxrxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<osqurxJ+twpqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wrpwqx px pMJ

S[\HouqrsoÄĄoxtxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxrvÄĄopruovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpwppqp r sMJ

ppquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsutrÄĄopquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpto(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[S[\H<porvswJ+srrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqxsw pp (

stswtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<ousoprJ+rstpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppxttx s rMJ

\JLovswswÄĄppqoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptxoxÄĄotrosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTrqsroto x rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoquÄĄpqprqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrowÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqvrxtp x sMJ

owqwqxÄĄpoovspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqropoÄĄortpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoporppx p sMJ

U\Lupsrqsq pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wsropo px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qsropo t sMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<porvsqJ+srrwuoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousoouJ+rstSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<porvsqJ+ srrwuoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<porvsqJ+srrwuoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppqxtsJ+stsxroS

I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppqxtsJ+ stsxroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppqxtsJ+stsxroSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L< ousoouJ+rstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJS[\H<ppqxtsJ+stsxroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ororswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?55


qpÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pwO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/=[.W[QqpÂ&#x201E;@DptU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbOOS[H Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<popxsoJ+sqttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lostpsq pq 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<potpspJ+psptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<popxso

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<oqrrqvJ+trrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpvqtq qo qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqoxrpÄĄoqpxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstqsÄĄotppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpvstp r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrsquÄĄpoqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpusxÄĄ

ǜžopotvro p sMJ

ossssxÄĄouqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsvtuÄĄopowtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqpw(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H<popqqwJ+sqrvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ospwpo pq (

J+sqttpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<osqutpJ+twprpo

Â&#x201E;OT]pqorw s sMJ

\JLorstprÄĄouqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovpwÄĄoxpusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqtsps x rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotoxrtÄĄouoqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsquÄĄppqoqq

Ç?Çłrqvswr x sMJ

poooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorotqxÄĄossssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Lupsqxr pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wsquuo px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qsquuo t sMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<popqspJ+sqrvstSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxtssqJ+pptsqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<potptuJ+ pspttqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtssqJ+

pptsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<popqspJ+sqrvstSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<popqspJ+sqrvstSI[+L[HK[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<popqspJ+sqrvstSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<popxtsJ+sqttsvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<potptuJ+pspttqtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<

popqspJ+sqrvstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

S[\H<popxtsJ+sqttsvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppspooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?56


qqÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pxO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/=[.W[QqqÂ&#x201E;@DpuU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpppoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxrvoqJ+spxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottwtu pr 

9SGOO\Oj[L<oxtssoJ+pptrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<opoqrvJ+sxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xorqst qp qMJ

owrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqrqÄĄoroptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsstwÄĄ

O^Kpvqsrx r sMJ

oxrsptÄĄpoqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovswppÄĄowspprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoppqtpw p sMJ

poovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovqsÄĄppsutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqst(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[S[\H<popsowJ+sqsqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otppop pr (

oxrvoqJ+spxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxqurvJ+postÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]pqpopu s sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprqpÄĄoqtqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqsrtÄĄ

QĂžTrqtrvss x rMJ

otpppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouoqovÄĄouttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqvtuqs x sMJ

9^\T9S[\HovtoswÄĄowrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvtwÄĄ

U\Lupsqtqw pt rMJ

oxoupsÄĄpoqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wsqrsx px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qsqrsx t sMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<popsqqJ+sqsrpqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtstuJ+pptsrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<popsqqJ+ sqsrpqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<popsqqJ+sqsrpqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<popsqqJ+ sqsrpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxrutuJ+spxrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtstuJ+

pptsrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H <oxrutuJ+spxrvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<popsqqJ+

sqsrpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LououpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqssotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opptspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?57


qrÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qoO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:ptrP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/=[.W[QqrÂ&#x201E;@DpvU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotporvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ S[\H<oxqrtxJ+sorwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovotpw ps 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxquqxJ+posssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<oxqrtx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;S[\H<pptttsJ+sutwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xprsvt qq qMJ

ppqupxÄĄoprtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroprpÄĄotporvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kpvpors r sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouopsrÄĄoutsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqtorÄĄ

ǜžopptsrx p sMJ

otowrvÄĄouswpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosstroÄĄouqtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrpq(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[S[\H<postqoJ+sspsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louowov pt (

J+sorwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oxqxooJ+potqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]pqptvqr s sMJ

orstsuÄĄouqtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovowotÄĄovtpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrqupppx x rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotowrvÄĄouopsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsouÄĄpqprqr

Ç?Çłrqwstq x sMJ

ovowotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquqrÄĄorottvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Lupsqptw pt rMJ

9[TS[\HouqtorÄĄovststÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxtuÄĄotporvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wsqorw px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qsqorw t sMJ O^KO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<postrtJ+ssqqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxquqrJ+possqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<postrtJ+ssqqt SI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxqrtpJ+sorwtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

oxquqrJ+possqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxqrtpJ+sorwtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<postrtJ+ssqqtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouoqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoqsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LototosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpprrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsoswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?58


qs„@DptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSqt„@D>[ŃqpO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]pt„QvsuO[+T[bJUp„@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTqt…OU[:uuw…QcHqp/=[.W[Qqs„@DpwU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVƊ] LŁ[ S[\H<oxsptqJ+spqspt„Mj[I[+L[HWŌQ]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howowqu pt 

survro„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG;S\Oj[L<oxqwrrJ+pototvt

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

S[\H<ppprsoJ+stprst„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ-Q`HbR[;\JLoutsqxġ

„@[T[9xqustsp qr qMJ

ovtpqv„Mj[-X[ġposrqpġpqtqpu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

O^Kpvqtx r sMJ

9^\T9S[\Horopppġorssox„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovpoġ

Ƕ¾opqqtqx p sMJ

opowqrġoqqwtv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrso(

(.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­ LíÊK\LƊ[S[\H<ppsvpoJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovowow pu (

„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxsptqJ+spqspt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;…OK`\H

„OT]pqqtsqx s sMJ

oxrrtv„Mj[-X[ġpqprqtġoqtqtr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqtrpġ

QþTrqusto x sMJ

osrxpqġotrqqp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrxpqġotrqqp„Mj[(

Ǐdzrqwprqv x sMJ

ppsuto„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsutoġopquro„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lupspwrq pt rMJ S[ȉwspvqw px qMJ „9H^qspvqw t sMJ O^KO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<oxspsuJ+spqruoSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<ppsvorJ+survpqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍ

OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S „QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxqwswJ+potprtS

I[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ S[\H<oxspsuJ+spqruoSI[+L[H„QV O`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqt qvLíÊHS[\H<ppsvorJ+survpqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/S[\H<ppsvorJ+survpqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ „OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxspsuJ+

spqruoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxspsuJ+spqruoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[

M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxqwswJ+potprt SI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxspsuJ+

spqruoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L \H\IW\9bW ʽXơU­bJ[V

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lottwqt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loworsw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqoru„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[Lpqrups„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqswos„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotopox„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovpwpx

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxrptv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppqxpq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovsx„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrutr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowrt„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď59


qtÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qqO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/=[.W[QqtÂ&#x201E;@DpxU[ O[L pqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxrtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<porooqJ+srqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxoups pu 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pooptwJ+pqptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<porooq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowsoruÄĄpoqvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poxqxw qs pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsrsuÄĄosqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtrovÄĄ

O^Kpvqp r sMJ

orouqtÄĄossupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousvrpÄĄowqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsow(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<oppwpoJ+toqvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowoxoo pv (

J+srqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚS[\H<pottrvJ+ssqxsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqrtprt t pMJ

oxpvruÄĄpqoxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprtorÄĄorootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTrqvpwsu x sMJ

orsuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprtorÄĄoqpvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłrqwqqx x sMJ

9[TS[\HpoqvqoÄĄppsvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopqtvst p sMJ

U\Lupsptpp pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wspspv px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qspspv t sMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txport U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oppwqtJ+toqvstSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pooptpJ+pqptpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oppwqt J+toqvstSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppwqtJ+toqvstSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<poqxttJ+srqtqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

\Oj[L<oppwqtJ+toqvstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poqxttJ+srqtqvtSI[+L[H

L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pooptpJ+pqptpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poqxttJ+srqtqvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oppwqtJ+

toqvstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqssovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oportrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?60


quÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qrO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/=[.W[QquÂ&#x201E;@DqoU[ O[L pqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ S[\H<ppsupwJ+survqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtvsu pv 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pposrrJ+pstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

potwsvJ+ssrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotovpxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqptwtq qt pMJ

osrxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouququÄĄovoxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxppÄĄ

O^Kpvvrw r sMJ

osrxtrÄĄotrrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrstwÄĄpooorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoprrpqs q pMJ

pqtqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousvpqÄĄowqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsrt(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<orpupqJ+ttqrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxowst pw (

S[\H<ppsupwJ+survqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HS[\H<

Â&#x201E;OT]pqsswrx t pMJ

ovsvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrspÄĄpqprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsurvÄĄ

QĂžTrqvtqrw x sMJ

oqpvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtrqoÄĄorsurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqwrotx x sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopousvÄĄoqooosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxppÄĄ

U\Lupspptt pt rMJ

opqusuÄĄorourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsusuÄĄoxovouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wsppu px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qsppu t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[S[\H<potxopJ+ssrxptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[ L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orpuotJ+ttqqttSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pposqtJ+pstqstSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ S[\H<potxopJ+ssrxptSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orpuotJ+ttqqttSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orpuotJ+ttqqttSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L <orpuotJ+ttqqttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<ppsuppJ+survpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pposqtJ+

pstqstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<ppsuppJ+survpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<orpuotJ+ttqqttSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

pqqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LostrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HoxqsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?61


qvÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qsO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUsÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/=[.W[QqvÂ&#x201E;@DqpU[ O[L pqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowrvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<opqstsJ+tosttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hposrpt pw 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqrqsqJ+pwrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+strqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLovsuttÄĄppqopt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppspvp qu pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxoxÄĄoprssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoptÄĄ

O^Kpvpxsu r sMJ

ppsuttÄĄopquttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowquttÄĄpoouttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtor(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<otrtovJ+pppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpooupo px (

opqstsJ+tosttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LS[\H<pppxtx

Â&#x201E;OT]pqtstsq t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqoopsÄĄotrrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqutsÄĄpooosw

QĂžTrqwqurs x sMJ

pqprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposrrtÄĄppquqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłrqwrxtt x sMJ

9[TS[\HoqqwppÄĄorswqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopsuqr q pMJ

U\Lupswss pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wsvtu px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qsvtu t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otrstxJ+ppptSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqrqrtJ+pwrspoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrstxJ+ppptS I[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L <otrstxJ+ppptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

opqsswJ+tostrvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqrqrtJ+pwrspoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

opqsswJ+tostrvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otrstx J+ppptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoowsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovourpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxqooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?62


qwÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qtO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/=[.W[QqwÂ&#x201E;@DqqU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<orpxopJ+ttrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppqrso px 

\Oj[L<owovqrJ+vrqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½S[\H<pptrsxJ+sutwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppuqupw qu sMJ

oxpwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxovÄĄoqpvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqsrÄĄ

O^Kpvrwpt r sMJ

oxrrqxÄĄppqopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrqxÄĄpoqutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopssqrw q pMJ

ossvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossvpuÄĄouqvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtrp(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<otrsopJ+pwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppootu qo (

oqqoooJ+qrrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<orpxopJ+ttrqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqusqst t qMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLorsvpqÄĄouqvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpootÄĄ

QĂžTrqxoru x sMJ

otowpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotourrÄĄottxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqwswtx x sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxpwpsÄĄpoootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorovoxÄĄ

U\Lupstrv pt rMJ

ppsvsuÄĄopovtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wssst px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qssst t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otrrtsJ+pwqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owovrwJ+vrrrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrrtsJ+pwqqtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owovrwJ+vrrrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L

99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqr qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrrtsJ+pwqqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

owovrwJ+vrrrtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrrtsJ+pwqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owovrwJ+

vrrrtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

orpxptJ+ttrqrvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otrrtsJ+pwqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<orpxptJ+ttrqrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owovrwJ+vrrrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoostqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosstqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovoqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxpuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?63


qx„@DptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSro„@D>[ŃquO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qo„QvsuO[+T[bJUu„@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTro…OU[:uuw…QcHqu/=[.W[Qqx„@DqrU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]Ø]bR[\;L]59[JU]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovssO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ \Oj[L<otpxrvJ+orsqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqoopw qo 

-\LjL]9SGOOQ[J[L<ospwquJ+qwort„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+swrwqt„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprssġoqtsor

„@[T[9ppqwqxtq qv sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġorsqqsġotovss„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottxrxġ

O^Kpwqts r sMJ

ovsurpġowrxtw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtrowġowrtsw„Mj[(

Ƕ¾optqou q pMJ

ppsvop„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxovswġpoqvsv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqttx(

I[+L[Hǚz[JU]LíÊ„SOH]\Oj[L<owoupwJ+vropt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpptrqp qp (

otpxrvJ+orsqqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;„U[PL\Oj[L<oorrot

„OT]pqvrxsv t qMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqvsxġowrtsw„Mj[-X[ġpqtpsuġoqtxst

QþTrqxrssr x sMJ

outrot„Mj[-X[ġoxrrqsġpoqutp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzrqwtwpo x sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowquruġpoousw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoouswġ

U\Lupsqru pt rMJ S[ȉwsprs px qMJ „9H^qsprs t sMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<owoupqJ+vroSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<possprJ+psttqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­

Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owoupqJ+vroSI[+L[H„QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx qoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<owoupqJ+vroSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<

possprJ+psttqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L <owoupqJ+vroSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<possprJ+psttqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS „íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<otpxroJ+orstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpxroJ+

orstSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owoupqJ+vroSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

\Oj[L<otpxroJ+orstSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<possprJ+psttqtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotrwss„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovssox„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoootu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpurs„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqwqt„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Losspqw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Loutwrw„Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxpqpv„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppoxrp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqswpo„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpvpr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswts„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď64


roÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;quO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:uuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/=[.W[QroÂ&#x201E;@DqsU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bR[\;L]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otpwprJ+orotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqrsqt qp 

otottq\Oj[LovpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

orotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<oupwqoJ+rrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oporpx p sMJ

<oppprwJ+toptpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLorsvswÄĄ

O^Kpwrrqx r sMJ

oprspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxrpÄĄotovpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžopttwsu q pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLottxqqÄĄoutqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqwpvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wrtwqr px qMJ

otottqÄĄousupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvtxÄĄouqwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louququ(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<ovpurxJ+tqvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqssou qq (

posrpxJ+psrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otpwprJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqwrusw t qMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovpurxJ+tqvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L

QĂžTsowtt po pMJ

ouqwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpotrÄĄovtrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquroÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqxvqv x sMJ

otottqÄĄottxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqoÄĄpqprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprtxso pt rMJ

ovpotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvqqÄĄorovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qrtwqr t sMJ

ouqwpvÄĄovswoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvquÄĄotovpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L <h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<posrpoJ+psrptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posrpoJ+ psrptSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

posrpoJ+psrptSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otpwqwJ+orpro SI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpwqwJ+orproSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ovpurqJ+tqvqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otpwqwJ+orproSI[+L[H

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<posrpoJ+psrptSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< ovpurqJ+tqvqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoutssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxowqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?65


rpÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qvO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/=[.W[QrpÂ&#x201E;@DqtU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovptpuJ+tqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]S

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opovps

oxopovJ+xsxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpoqqJ+rvspuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqqrrsq q rMJ

opsptsJ+tprprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqrxÄĄ

O^Kpxxss r sMJ

ovtrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpossopÄĄpqtprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžopurwrr q pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtxpvÄĄorsptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooustÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wrttpr px qMJ

opovruÄĄoqqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louquts(

M[SL[\Oj[Lototrs\Oj[LovptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

qq O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprsoo qr (

oppstsJ+qoqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovptpu

Â&#x201E;OT]pqxrrsw t qMJ

\Oj[L<oxopovJ+xsxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<

QĂžTsosrpp po pMJ

oxrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprttÄĄoqtsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqwssÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqxputp x sMJ

ossprxÄĄotrtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossprxÄĄotrtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprtusx pt rMJ

ppsvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvoxÄĄopqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qrttpr t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptpoJ+qoqruoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpopsJ+rvspsoSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpops J+rvspsoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq

prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptpoJ+qoqruoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptpoJ+ qoqruoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovptroJ+ tqstoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opptpoJ+qoqruoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ovptroJ+tqstoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxopooJ+xsxqoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(

\Oj[L<ovptroJ+tqstoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxopooJ+ xsxqoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqowspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Loutosu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxosqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppopsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?66


p.V[iptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qwO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/=[.W[Qp.X[SquU[ O[L pqw\X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpÂ&#x201E;@DptrQ[\S vsutqq T[Q^/\W+ J+qvropqt <puvSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotourrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<owtxssJ+xsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprxto

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owtxssJ+xsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxstqw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxrxÄĄpoqutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9psspp r rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsprsÄĄosqsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtsswÄĄ

O^Kpxtpqq r sMJ

orowpqÄĄosswsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustsuÄĄowquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvqq(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrqrpJ+quwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

qr O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqrto qs (

J+spsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<optvqwJ+tqpppo

Â&#x201E;OT]qorosw t rMJ

oxpxoxÄĄpqoxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprsouÄĄoqtxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTsppvrr po pMJ

orswqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprsouÄĄoqpurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłrqxquqp x sMJ

9[TS[\HpoqwpqÄĄppsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopvpxqt q qMJ

U\Luprtsr pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wrtqq px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qrtqq t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrqssJ+quwsoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L

Â&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtxtwJ+xsustSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orrqssJ+quwsoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrqssJ+quwsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtxtwJ+xsustSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

poqsruJ+prpxSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owtxtwJ+xsustSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< orrqssJ+quwsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<poqsruJ+prpxSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqossuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lousutp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxoorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqruqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?67


q.V[iptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qxO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qsÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/=[.W[Qq.X[SqvU[ O[L pqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<poqrsqJ+prpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqprpu

9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<poqrsqJ+prpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tqrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLototooÄĄovsttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pputuqq s rMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqxrwÄĄovpqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxowÄĄoqpuqv

O^Kpporwv s pMJ

otrttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrutvÄĄpoopsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžopwpqp q qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoustrtÄĄowqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqvtsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvsx(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Q[J[L<otqwroJ+rotwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

qs O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorpspv qt (

potuqwJ+ssrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<optspwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpqvsv t rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrprÄĄpqpsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswsqÄĄossqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsptptx po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqttosÄĄorswsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossqqpÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqxrttw x sMJ

opovsvÄĄoqopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxowÄĄpqtprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprtpqq pt rMJ

orowqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsxpqÄĄoxowsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wrswtp px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qrswtp t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<otqwstJ+rotxqqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqrtwJ+prpvqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otqwstJ+

rotxqqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L< otqwstJ+rotxqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<poqrtwJ+prpvqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<poqrtwJ+prpvqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otqwstJ+rotxqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxstpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LousqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqopqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?68


r.V[iptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;roO[QLQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qtÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHro/=[.W[Qr.X[SqwU[ O[L pqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<ppqposJ+ptsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqswrq

9SGL[;\Oj[L<ppqposJ+ptsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

totxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLovstsxÄĄppqorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqxqqrt t qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqoxpoÄĄoprrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqorsÄĄpqpspu

O^Kpppqxsp s pMJ

opqwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowquotÄĄpooustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwpv(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<outvttJ+rssqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

qt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losotsw qu (

pprxosJ+suqtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<opqwrpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqsst t rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqoprwÄĄotruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourootÄĄpooqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqquro po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpossqsÄĄppqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłrqxstsp x sMJ

oqquttÄĄorsuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopwsspu q qMJ

U\Luprswsw pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wrstsp px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qrstsp t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ppqppwJ+ptspqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<outvsvJ+rssqrtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppqppwJ+

ptspqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsu

vxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<outvsvJ+rssqrtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr

qtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppqppwJ+ptspqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<outvsvJ+rssqrtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ppqppwJ+ptspqqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppqppwJ+ptspqqtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<outvsv J+rssqrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqowssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?69


s.V[iptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]quÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHp/b=L.W[Qs.X[SqxU[ O[Lpqw \X@S]Ç?\Äš>[Q[@­L[Ă&#x2DC;]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[I\;S9SLObRgOLJU­LO[bS[Â&#x201E;LbĂ&#x160;[¢WOM^S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototrsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ppswtuJ+putouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqurs

9SGOO\Oj[L<ppswtuJ+putouoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<pptpot

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLorsxpxÄĄourorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpqqp u qMJ

orsotrÄĄototrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosrqÄĄottwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppqqtsv s pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpxtqÄĄpooqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroxopÄĄ

ǜžopxqwpo q qMJ

ppswoqÄĄopovqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwss(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<ovtvotJ+rvppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

qu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostwrq qv (

J+sutuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<oorwptJ+swtsto

Â&#x201E;OT]qrqpsr t sMJ

ovpqtpÄĄoxpxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxprÄĄoqpuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTsrpt po pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrppÄĄppqorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrppÄĄpoqutt

Ç?Çłrqxttrp x sMJ

ossxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLossxsuÄĄourorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Luprsupw pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wrsqro px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qrsqro t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ovtutwJ+rvpptSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovtutwJ+ rvpptSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ppswswJ+putosoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovtutwJ+rvpptS I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ppswswJ+

putosoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovtutwJ+rvpptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ppswswJ+putosoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppswswJ+putosoSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L< ovtutwJ+rvpptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotptpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqosswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourtorÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optrrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?70


t.V[iptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qvÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHq/b=L.W[Qt.X[SpSQ@[Lpqw \X@S].\@@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^S9[= SI  Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ppstouJ+pusptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osowpr

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ppstouJ+pusptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<pprpsv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsrqÄĄoqtttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqstupt v qMJ

orsosqÄĄototpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottwouÄĄoutptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kpprqupo s qMJ

owrxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovttrqÄĄowrvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžoqopquo q rMJ

9[TS[\HoxoxrqÄĄpoqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxpp(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owquopJ+rwqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG

qv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottqov qw (

J+suwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OS[\H<ppqrroJ+stsvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qspwso t sMJ

ourotvÄĄowrvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtprrÄĄoqtwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTsrrtst po qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrpqÄĄpoqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstrxÄĄ

Ç?Çłsotqu po pMJ

owqttxÄĄpoousxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoousxÄĄppsvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprsrts pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wrrxpx px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qrrxpx t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtttJ+rwqsSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtttJ+rwqsSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtttJ+rwqsSI[+L[Hpr tvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ppstqpJ+pusqrtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtttJ+rwqsSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppstqpJ+pusqrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtttJ+rwqsSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppstqpJ+pusqrtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppstqpJ+

pusqrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqttt J+rwqsSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotppprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovpuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppsxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?71


u.V[iptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qwÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qu.X[SqSQ@[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototooO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ppppqvJ+ptpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostsop

;S\Oj[L<ppppqvJ+ptpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<posrsrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLorsxtuÄĄourpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rwupp w qMJ

oqtwpvÄĄototooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosowÄĄottvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppsrorq s qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourpqrÄĄovprrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwsoÄĄ

ǜžoqotwsr q rMJ

ÄĄourpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourpqrÄĄovtortÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxrw(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtroJ+rwqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG

qw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loustss qx (

sswtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HS[\H<oxstqsJ+spsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qtptrv t sMJ

ovprrwÄĄovtttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvosÄĄoprrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTssporo po qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrprÄĄpqpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvtvÄĄoutpsu

Ç?Çłsoptqw po pMJ

oroxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotosowÄĄoustoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostoqx

U\Luprspru pt rMJ

orstswÄĄototooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wrruw px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qrruw t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtsrJ+rwqrtvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtsrJ+

rwqrtvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppppqoJ+ptpwSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pooxoqJ+ pqsqsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppppqoJ+ptpwSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtsrJ+ rwqrtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< pooxoqJ+pqsqsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovpqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opststÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?72


v.V[iptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qxÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qv.X[SrSQ@[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<pooxqpJ+pqsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otssos

ovtwpxJ+rvpttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pooxqpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owsptqJ+xtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqprpto x qMJ

oxrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpssxÄĄoqtuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourpsxÄĄ

O^Kpptrwso s qMJ

osssouÄĄotrvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosssouÄĄotrvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqpstpv q rMJ

ppsvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvtrÄĄopqwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louroot(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<owsptqJ+xtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Q[J[L<

qx O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrwpu ro (

pqsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxqwsoJ+sppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]qupqrs t sMJ

ovstqpJ+rusrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpspÄĄ

QĂžTssstpx po qMJ

ovtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposstxÄĄpqtprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsoqtrt po pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtwpoÄĄorsoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoouttÄĄ

U\Luprrxqs pt rMJ

opovqsÄĄoqqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wrrqtw px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qrrqtw t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ovtwrrJ+rvpuqvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<oxqwrrJ+sppqvtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;

H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<oxqwrrJ+sppqvtS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovtwrrJ+rvpuqvtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqp qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pooxptJ+pqsrpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Q[J[L<ovtwrrJ+rvpuqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owspsuJ+xstqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pooxptJ+pqsrpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<owspsuJ+xstqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pooxptJ+pqsrpqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owspsuJ+xstqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovowsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosouotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrutt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opspsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orprrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?73


w.V[iptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;tĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]roÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHt/b=L.W[Qw.X[SsSQ@[Lpqw \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<owsqqvJ+xurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourvtt rp 

ovowoxJ+rtpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owsqqv

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outrqqJ+srspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9stpqqs po qMJ

poqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqotpÄĄpqoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrsuÄĄ

O^Kpputopv s rMJ

\JLoqturxÄĄortorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprrsuÄĄoqptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqqrqsq q rMJ

owqtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqxqpÄĄppswqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourorp(

\Oj[L<outrqqJ+srspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqwrv rp (

J+xurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<ovtoptJ+rututÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qvxro u pMJ

otquruJ+rotutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxqsÄĄ

QĂžTstqopr po qMJ

oqtwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsoprÄĄosqqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

Ç?Çłsortsx po pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorpoowÄĄostpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousstqÄĄ

U\Luprrvpv pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wrqxsv px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qrqxsv t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ovowopJ+rtporoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Q[J[L<ovowopJ+rtporoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsqqoJ+xupvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovowopJ+rtporoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outrruJ+srsstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<outrruJ+srsstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owsqqoJ+xupvtS

I[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outrruJ+srsstSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owsqqoJ+xupvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovowopJ+rtporoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<outrruJ+srsstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosoqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqtx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqowtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oroxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?74


x.V[iptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rpÂ&#x201E;QvsuO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHu/b=L.W[Qx.X[StSQ@[L pqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<outsqoJ+srurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lourvtt rp 

Q[J[L<ottwrpJ+rqpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osswpxJ+txqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spxupw pp qMJ

\JLotorsqÄĄovstqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqpÄĄpqptowÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppwtpp s rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqoxrqÄĄoqpttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtutuÄĄortotp

ǜžoqrqots q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxosÄĄoqorooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxrqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wrquru px qMJ

opqxpvÄĄorpoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtpruÄĄoxporsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourotv(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<osswpxJ+txqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqwrv rp (

<outsqoJ+srurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ottrovJ+rqrrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qwuqt u pMJ

\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtpspJ+qsqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTstttpo po qMJ

-X[ÄĄortotpÄĄossssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourqrxÄĄovpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsosuw po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossssvÄĄotrwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrwtxÄĄpoorpq

U\Luprrtpu pt rMJ

pqtprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousssxÄĄowqttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qrquru t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ottwsuJ+rqpvsoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<osswrsJ+txqqqvtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

osswrsJ+txqqqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ottwsuJ+rqpvsoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottwsuJ+rqpvsoSI[+L[H9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<outsprJ+srupvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottwsuJ+ rqpvsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<osswrsJ+txqqqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

outsprJ+srupvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osswrsJ+txqqqvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<outsprJ+srupvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottwsuJ+rqpvsoSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osswrsJ+txqqqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovootrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouptqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqxor

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqosttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?75


po.V[iptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;wĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p@^LvsuO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHw/b=L.W[Qpo.X[SuSQ@[L pqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ossxpwJ+txqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrsrr p 

Q[J[L<osrsrqJ+qwsvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qurtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oqrposJ+trrwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9trpppt pq qMJ

oxovqtJ+poxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLovstqxÄĄ

O^Kppxqrw s rMJ

poorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxrwÄĄoprrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžoqsxtp q sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppswpxÄĄopqxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqttvÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpqr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oqrposJ+trrwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpuos p (

ossxpwJ+txqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsprwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qxrqo u pMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<pqosrrJ+pvrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<

QĂžTsuropr po qMJ

ppqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqorpsÄĄotrxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrorÄĄ

Ç?Çłsoturq po pMJ

ppqpqoÄĄpqptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpostqxÄĄppqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprrrqp pt rMJ

poovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqquqqÄĄorstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wrqrqu px qMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qrqrqu t sMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osrsqtJ+qwsvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osrsqt J+qwsvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Q[J[L<osrsqtJ+qwsvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< oqrotuJ+trrwrtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL

TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osrsqtJ+qwsvtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

oqrotuJ+trrwrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqosqtJ+pvrqtSI[+L[H

M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osrsqtJ+qwsvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqrotuJ+

trrwrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoututwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouppqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqtow

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqootxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oropssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?76


pp.V[iptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSpq.V[i>[ŃxØ]KSQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]q@^LvsuO[+T[bJUpx„@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTpq„@Duuw…QcHx/b=L.W[Qpp.X[SvSQ@[L pqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \Sã[ \Oj[L<ooottrJ+svruvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrqtp q 

9SGO[TO„O\LSMS<oppxspJ+qosoqvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+popqpt„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<ouottrJ+qruvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9tpvqsqu pr rMJ

oxqprt„Mj[-X[ġpqoxssġoqptto„Mj[-X[ġorrxtsġ

O^Kpqosrtv s sMJ

oxrrqxġppqpqx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrqxġpoqvqx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqstxrs q sMJ

ostqpq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostqpqġourrqv„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpsx(

JUQ]LíÊXƚ[„O\LSMS<orooqxJ+qstqqvt„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoooqx q (

ooottrJ+svruvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<oxowqs

„OT]qpoopt u qMJ

\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLortpqwġourrqv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovptqxġ

QþTsvtpx po rMJ

otortw„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotorroġottvro„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzspvr po pMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoxqprtġpoorrv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpotwġ

U\Luprrprq pt rMJ

ppswsqġopovrp„Mj[(

S[ȉwrqopt px qMJ „9H^qrqopt t sMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[„O\LSMS<orooqrJ+qstqpqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<ouotsuJ+qrttoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U ǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9 „W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouotsuJ+qrttoS I[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu LíÊH„O\LSMS<orooqrJ+qstqpqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[<SS9[Q -9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<orooqrJ+qstqpqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oootsuJ+svrttoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ 8L[bL/„TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oootsuJ+svrttoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L< oxowpwJ+poppuoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ„O\LSMS<orooqrJ+qstqpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oootsuJ+svrttoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚ LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loutrop„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxoxto„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppqtqv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprvpw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[ortoqr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Louovrq„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owqppq „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpopwqu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpptvoq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opquov„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqtvsx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrsr„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď77


pq.V[iptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;poĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]r@^LvsuO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/b=L.W[Qpq.X[SwSQ@[Lpqw \X@S]\NS[SI

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<oxrvrpJ+spqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrpto r 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<potqqrJ+psrqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<ouourqJ+qrvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upsqrw ps rMJ

oqtvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrtoÄĄowrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtptoÄĄ

O^Kpqqvqs s sMJ

ottvqwÄĄoutpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrrsÄĄpoqvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqtsxtw q sMJ

owrxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquoqÄĄpoovqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqps(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqpqtJ+qosstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hposqpv r (

oxrvrpJ+spqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owqqtxJ+wpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpotvpo u qMJ

<oroqrtJ+tstvuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLpqptrxÄĄ

QĂžTsvsoro po rMJ

oqtvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxsxÄĄotorsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsppvrw po pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovstrpÄĄowrxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtvtoÄĄ

U\Luprqxsx pt rMJ

poovqoÄĄppswrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxppqoÄĄporootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wrpvs px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qrpvs t rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqppwJ+qosssoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L 9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqppwJ+qosssoS I[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxrvqsJ+spqsttSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[ Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxrvqsJ+spqsttSI[+L[H1Çł:/ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouousvJ+

qrwqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxrvqsJ+ spqsttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxottsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpvpu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?78


pr.V[iptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSps.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]s@^LvsuO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/b=L.W[Qpr.X[SxSQ@[Lpqw \X@S]UjL59[JU]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SUjL>H^­Q[W½Ă&#x201C;H-9S[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovpopsJ+rtpvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporpor s 

\OU[:[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owqsoqJ+wqprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<ooopqvJ+svqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upuqqp pt rMJ

ovtwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvtwÄĄoprrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvswÄĄ

O^Kpqrrrqo t pMJ

oxrrsoÄĄpqpttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvqvÄĄoutproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqusps r pMJ

orpprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotorqrÄĄoussstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostqtq

S[Č&#x2030;wrprtr px pMJ

ÄĄotorsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqrx(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<ppspsoJ+purtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqqqo s (

ovpopsJ+rtpvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ottwprJ+qpvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpptst u qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLortqorÄĄoursprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpuppÄĄ

QĂžTswptss po rMJ

otorsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorqrÄĄottvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłspqwpx po pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoursprÄĄovpuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprooxÄĄ

U\Luprqwpq pt rMJ

ÄĄoursprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoursprÄĄovtqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstop

Â&#x201E;9H^qrprtr t rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ppsprrJ+purtqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ottwqwJ+qpvstSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

pootqtJ+pqrtvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<

ottwqwJ+qpvstSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpo

pqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppsprrJ+purtqtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pootqtJ+pqrtvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pootqtJ+pqrtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ppsprrJ+purtqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovpoqwJ+rtpvsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<pootqtJ+ pqrtvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovpoqwJ+rtpvsqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owqrtsJ+wqppvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppsprrJ+purtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpoqwJ+rtpvsqtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9 Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottwqwJ+qpvstSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pootqtJ+pqrtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoustpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxoptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owprpx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoporsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?79


ps.V[iptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t@^LvsuO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/b=L.W[Qps.X[SpoSQ@[L pqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ossxqvJ+qxqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpprors t 

\OU[:[\Oj[L<poourtJ+pqrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ossxqvJ+qxqtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9voqop pu sMJ

oxouqxJ+sovsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLoutprqÄĄ

O^Kpqtprs t pMJ

ovtwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposuppÄĄpqtptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžoqvrqsx r pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtvsvÄĄorrxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovrsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wrposr px pMJ

opovsrÄĄoqquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourror(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorqq\Oj[LoxrrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqopsr t (

owrxtoJ+xppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGOO\Oj[L<ottxpuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qpqtotx u qMJ

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<orsqovJ+turuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½S[\H<

QĂžTswtpr po rMJ

oxrrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuopÄĄoqtwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoursrtÄĄ

Ç?Çłsprxu po pMJ

ossuquÄĄotsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossuquÄĄotsoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprqusp pt rMJ

ppswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppswtxÄĄoproqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qrposr t rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<poouqxJ+pqrvsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owrxsqJ+xotqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poouqxJ+pqrvsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrxsq

J+xotqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poouqxJ+pqrvsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ossxpwJ+qxqstoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT

Â&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ >[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owrxsqJ+xotqtSI[+L[H

P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<poouqxJ+pqrvsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ossxpwJ+qxqstoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ossxpwJ+qxqstoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottxpoJ+qpxroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poouqxJ+pqrvsvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L< ossxpwJ+qxqstoSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owrxsqJ+xotqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotttstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoxqr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoourwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppstpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?80


pt.V[iptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSpu.V[i>[ŃprØ]KSQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]u@^LvsuO[+T[bJUqr„@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTpu„@Duuw…QcHpr/b=L.W[Qpt.X[SppSQ@[L pqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorroO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ „O\LSMS<oqrwssJ+qrtwqvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrosx u 

„@½Ɗ[\Oj[L<ovqvtoJ+uppo„Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

qrtwqvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oprwrwJ+tpqwpo„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9vpsrqpq pv sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxsvġpoqwoo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxqqrsġ

O^Kpqurptv t pMJ

orrxsqġosqpru„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtwrqġortqrw

Ƕ¾oqwqtpr r pMJ

ostrro„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoussswġowqupt„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrqv(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊ-L^S[K[\Oj[L<owsorqJ+xqtvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqspso u (

orsqtoJ+turwsqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„O\LSMS<oqrwssJ+

„OT]qprsvtr u rMJ

O\G@„R[;ǶPQ[J[L<ouqoroJ+rrpqtqt„Mj[I[+L[HǶ¾

QþTsxququ po rMJ

pqpopp„Mj[-X[ġoprrtxġoqtvsw„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

Ǐdzspsxtv po pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoprrtxġoqpttr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpqorġ

U\Luprqtpu pt rMJ

porosoġppsxps„Mj[(

S[ȉwrvrq px pMJ „9H^qrvrq t rMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<owsoqtJ+xqsoSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<ovqvsrJ+uotqtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑ

OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9„W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqv

LíÊH\Oj[L<owsoqtJ+xqsoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ovqvsrJ+ uotqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[>[bLg

9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owsoqtJ+xqsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[TX=>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<oqrxooJ+qrtxvtSI[+L[HTX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ovqvsrJ+uotqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[

O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[ 8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oqrxooJ+qrtxvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[ L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owsoqtJ+xqsoSI[+L[HL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ„O\LSMS< oqrxooJ+qrtxvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovqvsrJ+uotqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lourvpw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowtsou„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lppoxss„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[opqprr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orrsrx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lottpsx„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owotqw

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpooqsq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppspqo„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppoqr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsqot„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvtx„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď81


pu.V[iptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;psĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v@^LvsuO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHps/b=L.W[Qpu.X[SpqSQ@[L pqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<pqsrrrJ+pxpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqqq v 

\Oj[L<oursppJ+rsutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvtqJ+qutpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqwrtsr pw sMJ

pqpuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqttÄĄossvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtpwÄĄ

O^Kpqwspx t qMJ

oqtwsvÄĄortqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossvorÄĄotspppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžoqxpwpq r pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpopxÄĄpqtqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousstqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wrsqp px pMJ

ovtrsxÄĄoxpqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrto(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<ovqwppJ+uqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqrrq v (

pqsrrrJ+pxpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<pptqqvJ+svqsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpssssv u rMJ

Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotorqqÄĄovststÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsopÄĄ

QĂžTspoptr po sMJ

ovpvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpopxÄĄoqpttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsqots po pMJ

owsotuÄĄpoosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopporqÄĄoqossoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprqrtv pt rMJ

owquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprotoÄĄorpqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qrsqp t rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovqwqvJ+uqsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oursosJ+rsusoSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovqwqvJ+uqsqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovqwqvJ+uqsqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oursosJ+rsusoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pqsrqvJ+

pxpopqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovqwqvJ+uqsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<pqsrqvJ+pxpopqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppotswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoprq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opouqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?82


pv.V[iptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ptĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w@^LvsuO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/b=L.W[Qpv.X[Spr SQ@[Lpqw\X@S]Ç?ÇłM_\G­Q[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ppovqxJ+ptpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtso w 

\Oj[L<ouorpuJ+qqxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprpqxJ+qppopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpqqvsw px sMJ

otsproÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourtrxÄĄpoostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoqvÄĄ

O^Kpqxrwrq t qMJ

posustÄĄppqwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxrpÄĄoprporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpoppsw r qMJ

orssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourspr(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<oursrtJ+rsvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqowrv w (

ppovqxJ+ptpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<poqvtqJ+srrppo

Â&#x201E;OT]qptspsp u rMJ

I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLovsttpÄĄppqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqostsÄĄ

QĂžTsporvqs po sMJ

oprsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqqvÄĄpqpuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłsqpptt po pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowquqwÄĄpoovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqquqvÄĄ

U\Luprqqst pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wrppo px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qrppo t rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oursqxJ+rsvsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ouoroxJ+qqxptSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S \QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppovqpJ+

ptxtqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpp

pqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oursqxJ+rsvsqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouoroxJ+qqxptSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oursqxJ+rsvsqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppovqpJ+ ptxtqtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouoroxJ+qqxptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ouoroxJ+qqxptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oxtsrwJ+pqvtvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ppovqpJ+ptxtqtS I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtsrwJ+pqvtvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oursqxJ+rsvsqtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ppovqpJ+

ptxtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L

<ouoroxJ+qqxptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< oxtsrwJ+pqvtvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppoptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtvru Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?83


pw.V[iptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSpx.V[i>[ŃpuØ]KSQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]x@^LvsuO[+T[bJUqu„@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTpx„@Duuw…QcHpu/b=L.W[Qpw.X[SpsSQ@[L pqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ \Oj[L<oxtsswJ+pqwqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorsorq x 

\Oj[L<ouorpxJ+qqxso„Mj[I[+L[H1ġS[V[i[\Oj[L<ottwrxJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<oxqwrpJ+spqso„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

„@[T[9wquupv qo sMJ

pupvso„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLortrqwġourttx„Mj[

O^Kqppsqx t rMJ

-X[ġorrxsrġotorqq„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotorqvġottvrv

Ƕ¾ppttv r qMJ

poqwqw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqrpvġpootou„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[ȉwqtvuo px pMJ

9[TS[\Hppsxsoġopowou„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursrt(

\ƻH]j[\Oj[L<oxoxqvJ+popsto„Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LíÊM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqtvtx x (

qpvto„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<oxtsswJ+pqwqqt

„OT]qpurwrt u rMJ

oxoxqvJ+popsto„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;/Ń\Oj[L<pprsrpJ+

QþTspppqtx po sMJ

O[bS[S[\Hovpvswġoxqrpv„Mj[-X[ġpqportġoqpuos„Mj[

Ǐdzsqqrp po pMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoxrspvġppqqrw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrspvġ

U\Luprqprw pt rMJ

orpqtpġostsqt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostsqtġourttx„Mj[(

„9H^qqtvuo t rMJ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<ouorrrJ+qroptSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxqwqrJ+spqqoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½ OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<

ottwrpJ+qpvroSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\L O[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[ O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouorrrJ+qroptSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[

9^ŦS[\USH[ S[\H<oxqwqrJ+spqqoSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[  H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ouorrrJ+qroptSI[+L[Hqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ottwrpJ+qpvroSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH XO[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ouorrrJ+qroptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\L XO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ottwrpJ+qpvroSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxoxqoJ+popsrqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ouorrrJ+qroptSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxttoqJ+pqwtvtSI[+L[H

\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ottwrpJ+qpvroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxttoqJ+pqwtvt

SI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxoxqoJ+popsrqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouorrrJ+qroptSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxttoqJ+pqwtvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ottwrpJ+qpvroSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxoxqoJ+popsrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Q[\S153

M[\ď84


TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtrso Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?85


px.V[iptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSqo.V[i>[ŃpvØ]KSQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]po@^LvsuO[+T[bJUqv„@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTqo„@Duuw…QcHpv/b=L.W[Qpx.X[SptSQ@[L pqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ \Oj[L<oxoxrpJ+popt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lossttx po 

\Oj[L<ottwsrJ+qpvuo„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[\Oj[L<ouqqsxJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@„Wń[<owtvrvJ+rxstpt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<

„@[T[9xxqxsp qp sMJ

pqqoqt„Mj[I[+L[H\Oƃ^Ŧ\Oj[L<owswrwJ+xqqrt„Mj[I[+L[HÑ]\H

O^Kqqtqp t rMJ

owspsr„Mj[-X[ġpqtqrqġoqtvtv„Mj[-X[ġorrxstġ

Ƕ¾pqorx r qMJ

oxrsqvġpoqwrw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsuosġowsopt„Mj[(

S[ȉwqtssx px pMJ

poowpx„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoowpxġppsxts„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourstv(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<owtrsoJ+xrtpo„Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LíÊ1ġS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ortqos po (

rpwqt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SG;S\Oj[L<oxoxrpJ+popt„Mj[

„OT]qpvrtqx u sMJ

owtrsoJ+xrtpo„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;…OK`\H\Oj[L<oxtxrqJ+

QþTsppswrw po sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpvooġoqtxrr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourupwġ

Ǐdzsqrspq po pMJ

otorqp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottvsqġoutptr„Mj[-X[ġ

U\Luprqorw pt rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hovtxtsġowspsr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqusrġ

„9H^qqtssx t rMJ

oxprosġporpqv„Mj[(

U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ottwrtJ+qpvsoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<ouqqsqJ+rpvstSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½ OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9

„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ottwrtJ+qpvso

SI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqo qqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ottwrtJ+qpvsoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L< ouqqsqJ+rpvstSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ottwrtJ+qpvsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxoxqrJ+popssoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L \Oj[L<ouqqsqJ+rpvstSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS

„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ottwrtJ+qpvsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxoxqrJ+popssoSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ 8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxoxqrJ+popssoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtrrrJ+ xrstqtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottwrtJ+qpvsoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L< oxoxqrJ+popssoSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouqqsqJ+rpvstSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owtrrrJ+xrstqtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Louqprs„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowrwqp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpotsoo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[opottp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orpwtt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotruot„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsxsr „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxsutv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppqtru„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqtsrx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqquqp„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqpt„Mj[( Q[\S153

M[\ď86


qo.V[iptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pp@^LvsuO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/b=L.W[Qqo.X[SpuSQ@[L pqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<owtrqrJ+xrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottoor pp 

ouqqrrJ+rpvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ovpvpuJ+trrtt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtutxJ+rxsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxowtqJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqqrvqo qq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<owoqpuJ+vquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L

O^Kqsrpp t sMJ

owooppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxouÄĄoprsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwopÄĄ

ǜžpqtttr r qMJ

oxrsruÄĄpqpvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvswÄĄoutqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqtprw px pMJ

orprqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotorruÄĄoustpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoststx

U\LO\ž

orstopÄĄotorqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtpw(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<oxowtqJ+popqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ostopx pp (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owtrqrJ+xrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpwrqqr u sMJ

popqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<owswqpJ+xqptqt

QĂžTspqqsqo po sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLortsooÄĄoururvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwqsÄĄ

Ç?Çłsqstqw po pMJ

otorqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorruÄĄottvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Luprpxss pt qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoururvÄĄovpwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprpssÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qqtprw t rMJ

ÄĄoururvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoururvÄĄovtstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ouqqqtJ+rpvqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvprJ+rxssqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 \Oj[L<ovpvroJ+trsroSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]

.\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouqqqtJ+rpvqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;

\W+XS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtvprJ+rxssqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqqqtJ+rpvqtSI[+L[Hqsuvx ppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpvroJ+trsroSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt

quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owtrpu J+xrspoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxowstJ+popqrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ouqqqtJ+rpvqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L <owtrpuJ+xrspoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxowstJ+popqrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orptooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovstsv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?87


qp.V[iptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^LvsuO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/b=L.W[Qqp.X[Spv SQ@[Lpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxowpuJ+poppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loutoqv pq 

\Oj[L<owsptxJ+xtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<owopsoJ+vqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9potqxqs qr sMJ

outqowÄĄoxrssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvqtÄĄorooorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kquppqs t sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosswqxÄĄotsqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosswqxÄĄ

ǜžprtprv r rMJ

poowrxÄĄpptopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptopwÄĄoprptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtrx(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<ovpvopJ+trrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottpou pq (

oxowpuJ+poppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxqvspJ+sotxtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]qpxqxpv u sMJ

.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<ovrxsqJ+uqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsprov po sMJ

ourutsÄĄowooquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposvroÄĄpqtqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsqtusw po pMJ

otsqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwouÄĄorrxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Luprpwtu pt qMJ

9[TS[\HopowqwÄĄoqqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqswqv px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqswqv t rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovputrJ+trqtvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owsqprJ+xttvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U

ÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovputrJ+

trqtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp

prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovputrJ+trqtvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsqprJ+xttvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovputrJ+trqtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owsqprJ+

xttvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxowqxJ+popptvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <oxtsrtJ+pqutqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovputrJ+trqtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxowqxJ+popptvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owsqprJ+xttvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxtsrtJ+ pqutqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouprsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsptq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?88


qq.V[iptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qoĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^LvsuO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/b=L.W[Qqq.X[Spw SQ@[Lpqw\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]L[;MÄ?Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxtrssJ+pqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovstqw pr 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxtrssJ+pqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<poqvtuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<ovrxtoJ+uqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popwutq qs sMJ

pqpppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprssqÄĄoqtwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Kqvtrq u pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprssqÄĄoqpuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorprtpÄĄ

ǜžpssvtp r rMJ

porqoqÄĄpptopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourttx(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<owspqrJ+xrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loutqps ps (

srroptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<ovrxovJ+uqwpqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqoqupq v pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowsossÄĄpoqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqspqÄĄ

QĂžTsprrttv pp pMJ

orrxtvÄĄosqpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroopwÄĄortsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsrwpr po pMJ

osttrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustroÄĄowqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Luprpwps pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;wqstpv px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqstpv t rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owsppuJ+xrrtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovrxsrJ+uqxqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<porspwJ+

prsttoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ 

\Oj[L<ovrxqpJ+uqwsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L <ovrxsrJ+uqxqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtv wpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsppuJ+xrrtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsqu

qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porspwJ+prsttoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsppuJ+xrrtSI[+L[H

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porspwJ+prsttoSI[+L[HK[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owsppuJ+xrrtSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxtrtwJ+pqtqoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovrxqpJ+uqwsvtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owsppuJ+xrrtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxtrtwJ+pqtqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<porspwJ+ prsttoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouoxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orovowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrvtv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppprsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osooqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S153

M[\Ä?89


qr.V[iptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^LvsuO[+T[bJUrpÂ&#x201E;@DptrP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/b=L.W[Qqr.X[Spx SQ@[Lpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ppovsoJ+ptxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howrsro ps 

prsrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ppovsoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<ovrwtqJ+uqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pporpqv qt sMJ

ovsusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtowÄĄpqpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortssuÄĄ

O^Kqxrtto u pMJ

oqpursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoroorqÄĄortssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžptssrs r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoppqosÄĄoqoupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqppqqÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqsqu px pMJ

oprqqsÄĄorpsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovttsrÄĄoxprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourupw(

(.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<porrqxJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtptr pt (

ptxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<pptsovJ+svtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]qqpqru v pMJ

ovtwqoJ+vptroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotortwÄĄ

QĂžTspspptp pp pMJ

ossxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvqwÄĄovpxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppqqÄĄ

Ç?Çłsrpxsq po pMJ

ossxooÄĄotsrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsqspÄĄpoouoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprpvrx pt qMJ

pqtrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustrxÄĄowqvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qqsqu t rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<porrqpJ+prsrqvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LS

JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrxowJ+uqvttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porrqpJ+prsrqvtSI[+L[Hp

rtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porrqpJ+prsrqvtS I[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<porrqpJ+prsrqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<ppovrsJ+ptxSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppovrsJ+ptxSI[+L[HH[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovrxowJ+uqvttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW��&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<porrqpJ+prsrqvtS I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

ppovrsJ+ptxSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouottpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ororpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrsop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqporvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orturqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?90


qs.V[iptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt@^LvsuO[+T[bJUp.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/b=L.W[Qqs.X[Sqo SQ@[Lpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pqssqoJ+pxporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxpvtx pt 

9SGOO\Oj[L<pqssqoJ+pxporoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<opsoov

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

vprpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owropoJ+wrssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppqstrt qu rMJ

otsrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvssÄĄpoouqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpprqÄĄ

O^Kqpppxsr u qMJ

poswotÄĄppqxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptotuÄĄoprqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpuspss r sMJ

orstqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loururv(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<pqsvtuJ+pxpxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowsxoq pu (

J+tpqxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<ovtvqtJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqqop v pMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLovsutpÄĄppqrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqourqÄĄ

QĂžTspssvsx pp pMJ

oprstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrswÄĄpqpworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłsrrppu po qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowqvrqÄĄpooxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqvowÄĄ

U\Luprpvpo pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;wqrwtt px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrwtt t rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqsvswJ+pxpxpoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtvpuJ+vpqtoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqsvswJ+

pxpxpoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqsvswJ+pxpxpoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqssrrJ+ pxppqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqssrrJ+pxppqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovtvpuJ+vpqtoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqssrrJ+pxppqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqsvswJ+pxpxpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouoptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovroot Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppottuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqousqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?91


qt.V[iptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qrĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^LvsuO[+T[bJUq.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/b=L.W[Qqt.X[Sqp SQ@[Lpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrvppJ+qrtqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtutx pu 

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrvppJ+qrtqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

owqxptJ+wrqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<oxoxrtJ+popqsqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqstqpo qv rMJ

ovpxspÄĄoxqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppsqÄĄoqputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqprsrt u qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrtrqÄĄppqsopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrtrqÄĄpoqxsu

ǜžpvrxqp r sMJ

ostupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostupuÄĄourvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louruts(

I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpvtqJ+qtrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxsrrq pv (

\Oj[L<orrvrxJ+tuqqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]qqrputu v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLorttpsÄĄourvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTsptqrto pp pMJ

orsopvÄĄotorsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotospwÄĄottwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsrsqts po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqstoÄĄpoourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpsrrÄĄ

U\Luprpusv pt qMJ

pptotoÄĄopoxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqrtss px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrtss t rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwouJ+qtrsroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqxowJ+wrqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwouJ+qtrsroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orpwouJ+qtrsroSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LS MS<orpwouJ+qtrsroSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrvqtJ+qrtqsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<owqxowJ+wrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrvqtJ+qrtqsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpwouJ+qtrsroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotpqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovquox Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?92


qu.V[iptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qsĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pv@^LvsuO[+T[bJUr.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTqvÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/b=L.W[Qqu.X[SqqSQ@[L pqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osrvptJ+qwtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hporqst pv 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orruqtJ+tupxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<osrvpt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<oxowqoJ+poxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9outsrs p rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqtrrtÄĄoqtwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsoqtÄĄotortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqpstoqp u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsvpsÄĄowspqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoprvÄĄ

ǜžpwrvqr r sMJ

pooxrwÄĄpptpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpsrvÄĄporqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvpq(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Q[J[L<ottsrwJ+rqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lportsx pw (

J+qwtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otrvssJ+pqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqsprtp v qMJ

\JLpqpwqwÄĄoropprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwpqÄĄowsrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTspttxtt pp pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottwstÄĄoutqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtssÄĄpoqxtx

Ç?Çłsrtsrt po qMJ

owsrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvttÄĄpooxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Luprpurp pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;wqrqrr px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqrqrr t rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ottstrJ+rqttvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ottstr J+rqttvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ottstrJ+rqttvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osrvroJ+qwtqro

SI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxowpqJ+poxptSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<osrvroJ+qwtqroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ottstrJ+ rqttvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoquqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotowrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqqpr Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orssssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?93


qv.V[iptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qtĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pw@^LvsuO[+T[bJUs.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/b=L.W[Qqv.X[SqrSQ@[L pqw\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@@[Q[H^T\OJ[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ourstoJ+rrstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppouqx pw 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<otruroJ+ppxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<oursto

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<oxsvsuJ+ppsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opwtups q qMJ

-X[ÄĄpproqpÄĄoprtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtwtqÄĄotortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqpurutu u rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwtvÄĄoutrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourwqtÄĄ

ǜžpxrtto r sMJ

otossqÄĄousuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostusqÄĄourwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvqw(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwrsJ+rwqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppquru px (

J+rrstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovroptJ+urpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqtposu v qMJ

\JLorttspÄĄourwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoovÄĄowoptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTspurus pp pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotossqÄĄottwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrttvÄĄpqpwsp

Ç?Çłssuqp po qMJ

ovqoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprrpvÄĄorptooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Luprpuqp pt qMJ

ourwqtÄĄovturvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstsvÄĄotortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqqxqr px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqqxqr t rMJ U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwqvJ+rwqxqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ovrooxJ+urqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovroox J+urqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqpr ptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwqvJ+rwqxqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwqvJ+rwqxqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwqvJ+rwqxqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

oursspJ+rrsstvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otruqqJ+ppxpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<oursspJ+rrsstvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowoutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotosrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpwpv Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxptrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?94


qw.V[iptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;quĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px@^LvsuO[+T[bJUt.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/b=L.W[Qqw.X[Sqs SQ@[Lpqw\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9[\Q9[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqooxJ+rwwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprxqr px 

9SGOO\Oj[L<ovqxorJ+uopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqoox

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<poqooqJ+prvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pposu r qMJ

S[\HourwrvÄĄowoqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposwtoÄĄpqtrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqpwqspu u sMJ

otssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtxoqÄĄorsossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpporssq s pMJ

9[TS[\HopoxrsÄĄoqqvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvss(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[S[\H<potopvJ+ssqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqpuss qo (

J+rwwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxourvJ+porrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qquvsq v qMJ

\JLoutrqtÄĄoxrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwtsÄĄoroprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTspvpqpu pp qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLostoowÄĄotssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostoowÄĄ

Ç?Çłsspwpp po qMJ

popoosÄĄpptpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptpsvÄĄoprrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprpupv pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;wqqupq px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqqupq t rMJ

U\LO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<outxrtJ+ ssurvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<potooxJ+ssqrqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqwttJ+ttxtvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<potooxJ+

ssqrqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqoqsJ+rwwsoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VS[\H<potooxJ+ssqrqtS I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqoqsJ+rwwsoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovqwttJ+

ttxtvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqoqsJ+rwwsoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<potooxJ+ssqrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowoqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqroqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotoosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpsqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?95


qx.V[iptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSro.V[i>[ŃqvØ]KSQ[X[uuwU9[ŕwor\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qo@^LvsuO[+T[bJUu.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTro„@Duuw…QcHqv/b=L.W[Qqx.X[Sqt SQ@[Lpqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ S[\H<oxstsrJ+spspqqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqpqrq qo 

„S[\XG]\Oj[L<ootpqxJ+sxqtvt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG„9gTO

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

spspqqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;;Ě\Oj[L<porxqpJ+prttqvt„Mj[

„@[T[9pprpprq s pMJ

ġpqpqqs„Mj[-X[ġoprtswġoqtxpq„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

O^Kqqopqpw v pMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoprtswġoqpvro„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorptqsġ

Ƕ¾ppprrtu s pMJ

porrqqġpptprr„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtw(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lototpo\Oj[Loxruqr„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LíÊ

O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[opoutw qp (

\Oj[L<oxotqtJ+poorvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTS[\H<oxstsrJ+

„OT]qqvsrx v rMJ

I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLowsqowġpororw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxqtrv

QþTspvswrq pp qMJ

orsotsġosqqru„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroptoġortuot„Mj[(

Ǐdzssrot po qMJ

ostvou„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousutrġowqwrt„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Luprpuqo pt qMJ S[ȉwqqrp px pMJ „9H^qqqrp t rMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<ootpssJ+sxqtstSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxotrxJ+poppqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ootpssJ+

sxqtstSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[„L/\Oj[L<ootpssJ+sxqtstSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxstruJ+spsptSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H <oxstruJ+spsptSI[+L[H„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ

LíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxotrxJ+ poppqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxstruJ+spsptSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ

\Oj[L<ootpssJ+sxqtstSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotsqpt„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovtxor„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpopsso„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqqurp„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqrxru„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lostusu„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpoqs „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxovrx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hposupv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqptpx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsvop„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqtu„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď96


ro.V[iptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp@^LvsuO[+T[bJUv.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x201E;@DuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/b=L.W[Qro.X[Squ SQ@[Lpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<postqrJ+ssxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqsutx qp 

9SG;S\Oj[L<popwstJ+prrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<postqr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLototquÄĄovswowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqtrpso t pMJ

ourwtxÄĄovqospÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqrtÄĄoqpvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqqqott v pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowssotÄĄpoovqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopprrsÄĄ

ǜžppqrrrr s pMJ

ousvovÄĄowqwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprrtsÄĄorptruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpq(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oqqvoxJ+trqrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optvtx qq (

J+ssxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<posoqoJ+prtvpt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwpru v rMJ

oxrurvÄĄpqpxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortupuÄĄostoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTspwqstp pp qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoroqoqÄĄortupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostoroÄĄotssst

Ç?Çłsssqq po qMJ

oqovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqrtÄĄpqtspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Luprpuqx pt qMJ

9[TS[\HovtvpoÄĄoxptqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqpxto px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqpxto t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<postpuJ+ssxrtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqqvoqJ+trqrqoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<popwrwJ+prquoS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ S[\H<postpuJ+ssxrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqqvoqJ+trqrqoSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<postpuJ+ssxrtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[ 8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<popwrwJ+prquoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<postpuJ+ssxrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oqqvoqJ+trqrqoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovttovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovouqx Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxorsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqppqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?97


rp.V[iptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^LvsuO[+T[bJUw.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTp.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/b=L.W[Qrp.X[Sqv SQ@[Lpqw\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbO9JS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotossqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<pppssxJ+stqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqrsu

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<pporrxJ+pststqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

prrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLovswqrÄĄppqtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qwrsw u pMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpqsuÄĄopruppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqtpwÄĄpqpxrq

O^Kqqrtou v qMJ

oprsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqxorÄĄpopossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqt(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<orrrpvJ+tuwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

qq O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtoow qr (

pppssxJ+stqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<popxooJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwtwrr v rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqovtxÄĄotsstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxowÄĄpoovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTspxpps pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposxqqÄĄpprposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptqqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłsstsr po qMJ

oqqwpxÄĄorsurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpprrrrq s qMJ

U\Luprpuss pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;wqpuso px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqpuso t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<orrrrpJ+tuwtoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<popwtsJ+prquoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orrrrpJ+tuwtoS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orrrrpJ+tuwtoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<orrrrpJ+tuwtoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L I[bL/S[\H<ppptoqJ+stqrqoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<popwtsJ+prquoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<ppptoqJ+stqrqoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orrrrpJ+tuwtoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpooutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovoqrs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqovqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqtotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?98


rq.V[iptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;roĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qr@^LvsuO[+T[bJUx.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTq.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHro/b=L.W[Qrq.X[Sqw SQ@[Lpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotostuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ S[\H<ppprsoJ+stpxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqorto

<osoxprJ+tvrvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<pppvtw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<oxrrrtJ+ppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqosxtu v pMJ

ourxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqotxÄĄoxquovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqtwÄĄ

O^Kqqtrxst v qMJ

otottxÄĄouoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvotÄĄppqtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppsrrtq s qMJ

poovtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpttvÄĄostvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrv(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<orrrpqJ+tuwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^\Oj[L

qr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorsrqt qs (

J+ptqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;S[\H<ppprsoJ+stpxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqxttrp v rMJ

owqrsrJ+wprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLorturvÄĄ

QĂžTspxrvso pp qMJ

oqpwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsprpÄĄotostuÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłstuw po qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrvotÄĄporppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxquovÄĄ

U\Luprpvu pt qMJ

ostvrvÄĄourxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptqouÄĄoppopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqprqx px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqprqx t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[S[\H<ppprrpJ+stpwtoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<osoxouJ+tvrvqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV

\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrrsxJ+ppxrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV \QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ S[\H<ppprrpJ+stpwtoSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[ H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

osoxouJ+tvrvqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<osoxouJ+tvrvqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osoxouJ+tvrvqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/S[\H <ppprrpJ+stpwtoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxrrsxJ+ppxrtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<ppprrpJ+stpwtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<osoxouJ+tvrvqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotroqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpooqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqpssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutwrv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqorrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?99


pX[7LptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;p3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qs@^LvsuO[+T[bJUpo.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTr.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpX[z[L.W[QpU[7Lqx SQ@[Lpqw\X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rq.V[iptrQ[\S vsuuqr W[9TbWL J+sstpo <utxSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ S[\H<pospttJ+srtxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqsvtx

<osptpuJ+tvtpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<owqrsoJ+wprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rrtpqs w pMJ

outssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovswtsÄĄporprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsoxÄĄ

O^Kqqvqxto v rMJ

oxqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorooopÄĄorspssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžpptrsrr s qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovswtsÄĄowsrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqtoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wqpopw px pMJ

popppqÄĄpptqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpttoÄĄporsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsx(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<osoxoxJ+tvrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L

qs O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losrvpw qt (

ppopsrJ+psswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<pospttJ+srtxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rotqqx v sMJ

\Oj[L<ousxsqJ+spvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotoupvÄĄ

QĂžTsqopspo pp rMJ

oroqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostotxÄĄourxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqtoÄĄ

Ç?Çłstpwpu po qMJ

posxsqÄĄpprpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspssÄĄototpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprpvrs pt qMJ

owssrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqxrrÄĄpopppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qqpopw t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<osptoxJ+tvtpqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<osptoxJ+

tvtpqtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<posqoxJ+srtxsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osptoxJ+tvtpqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<posqoxJ+srtxsoS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<posqoxJ+srtxsoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owqrtsJ+wpsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<posqoxJ+srtxsoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ \Oj[L<osptoxJ+tvtpqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqposvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosspoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutssp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpororqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?100


qX[7LptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;q3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qt@^LvsuO[+T[bJUpp.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTs.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqX[z[L.W[QqU[7Lro SQ@[Lpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<oxsqotJ+spqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrurx

<ortrtwJ+tutvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<poptrt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oxoqowJ+xswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpvwso x pMJ

I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrvrsÄĄoppsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Kqqxqopv v rMJ

oqpwrpÄĄorsptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoosvÄĄoutstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppurtrr s qMJ

orpupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotourtÄĄouswpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvtr

S[Č&#x2030;wqvv px pMJ

orsvppÄĄototquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtx(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<osptrsJ+tvtqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L

qt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotroto qu (

J+pqtqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<oxsqotJ+spqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpsxqw v sMJ

outoopJ+spwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­\Oj[L<ostrssJ+txqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqotosr pp rMJ

owssspÄĄposxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqoÄĄoprusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłstroqw po qMJ

9^\T9S[\HourxroÄĄovqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprssoÄĄ

U\Luprpww pt qMJ

ÄĄourxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxroÄĄovtvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qqvv t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ortrtqJ+tutvqqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ostrrvJ+txqustS

I[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ostrrvJ+

txqustSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ortrtqJ+tutvqqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ortrtqJ+tutvqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxsptxJ+spqwroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxsptxJ+spqwroSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ousxtrJ+spwptSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<oxsptxJ+spqwroSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxttopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqoutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutost

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppttspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?101


rX[7LptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;r3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qu@^LvsuO[+T[bJUpq.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTt.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHrX[z[L.W[QrU[7Lp U[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[S0J0Ç&#x161;T\NHS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpussJ+rvtsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osqxsp

\Oj[L<orowrtJ+ttrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovqtrwJ+tsttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sospqt po pMJ

trsusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLouopotÄĄoxrvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krpppq v sMJ

ouopotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsrpÄĄoqowsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqoÄĄ

ǜžppvrutr s rMJ

ostppsÄĄotstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorooqwÄĄorsqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wqrtu px pMJ

oprstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppotsÄĄoqqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxow(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ortspwJ+tutwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

qu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqqto qv (

oxoqqvJ+xswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpussJ+rvtsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqsuqv v sMJ

\Oj[L<ostsosJ+txqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H\Oj[L<oqrvtwJ+

QĂžTsqpqvpx pp rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoworosÄĄoxqurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotouttÄĄ

Ç?Çłstsqsr po qMJ

oworosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprrpÄĄorooqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Luprpwsx pt qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoppsoÄĄpptrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptrptÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qqrtu t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orowqvJ+ttrSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<orowqvJ+ttrSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 

Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owputxJ+rvttpoSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orowqvJ+ttrSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V 8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owputxJ+rvttpoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxoqsqJ+xsxqvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owputxJ+rvttpoSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orowqvJ+ttrSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrtqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqoqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loususx Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oroxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?102


sX[7LptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;s3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qv@^LvsuO[+T[bJUpr.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTu.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHsX[z[L.W[QsU[7Lq U[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ourooxJ+rrqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqupv

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovqupxJ+tsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<ooouorJ+svqupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spsqwqv pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqtÄĄoxquspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprptuÄĄoqpwtw

O^Krrqr v sMJ

ÄĄortvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprvpqÄĄoqpwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžppwrwrp s rMJ

9[TS[\HporsrqÄĄpptqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpv(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oqoroqJ+tqpwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qv O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovpqpu qw (

<ourooxJ+rrqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otroorJ+otupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rrsrqw w pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotovptÄĄouttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqprÄĄoppssq

QĂžTsqqrtx pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvppÄĄotstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororop

Ç?Çłstttp po qMJ

orpurrÄĄostwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLouswswÄĄowroqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprpxru pt qMJ S[Č&#x2030;wqosu px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qqosu t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oqoqttJ+tqpwqoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oqoqttJ+tqpwqoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ouroqsJ+rrqvtqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqoqttJ+tqpwqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oqoqttJ+tqpwqoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ouroqsJ+rrqvtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovquppJ+tsvqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouroqsJ+rrqvtqtS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ \Oj[L<oqoqttJ+tqpwqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousqtr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?103


tX[7LptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;t3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qw@^LvsuO[+T[bJUps.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTv.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHtX[z[L.W[QtU[7Lr U[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<osqusoJ+qwpvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqtpq qx 

9SGOO\Oj[L<otrostJ+otvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<osquso

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<S[\H<oxqosuJ+sorqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqwqvtr pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvpvÄĄotstrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxsqÄĄovqpqx

O^Krstrpt w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppstqÄĄoqoxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqprtrÄĄ

ǜžppxsoqv s rMJ

oprtpoÄĄorpuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtwoqÄĄoxpuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqs(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<oosqopJ+swttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtwrw qx (

J+qwpvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<orpxqoJ+ttqwqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rssoqw w pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovtoopÄĄporqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppstqÄĄororox

QĂžTsqqsosr pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxquswÄĄpprqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvqtÄĄorootw

Ç?Çłsuvqq po qMJ

pqttrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousxouÄĄowrorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Luprqoqx pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wptvrt px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qptvrt t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osqurqJ+qwpvqqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oosptsJ+swtstqtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<

osqurqJ+qwpvqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oosptsJ+swtstqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopq

psptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oosptsJ+swtstqtSI[+L[H9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oosptsJ+swtstqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[ 8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqurqJ+qwpvqqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otrorvJ+otvrtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<osqurqJ+

qwpvqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oosptsJ+swtstqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotposxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LppttosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourwtw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opptrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oropqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?104


uX[7LptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;u3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qx@^LvsuO[+T[bJUpt.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTw.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHuX[z[L.W[QuU[7Ls U[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotourtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpopsJ+qqrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqtpq qx 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpopsJ+qqrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rrpssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotovtvÄĄoutuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpqrvpp pr pMJ

O[bS[S[\HovqprqÄĄoxqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvrwÄĄotourt

O^Krussrv w qMJ

potoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqusvÄĄpqqotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpqosqsp s sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrotsÄĄpopqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqxtqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxro(

I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[S[\H<ppoxqxJ+strtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtwrw qx (

ootwpsJ+sxrssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\UOQ[J[L<ouqttoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rtrvro w pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrwrrÄĄppqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqrÄĄotstrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqrpvqx pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxoxÄĄortvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqutsÄĄ

Ç?Çłsupxsu po qMJ

potoqxÄĄpprqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrtpÄĄoprtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprqpqw pt rMJ

orswpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wptsqs px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qptsqs t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<ppoxssJ+stsqvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppoxssJ+ stsqvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpootJ+qqrtqoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppoxssJ+stsqvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpootJ+

qqrtqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpootJ+qqrtqoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpootJ+qqrtqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppoxssJ+ stsqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotoutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqospqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourtop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqtvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?105


vX[7LptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;v3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor

\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ro@^LvsuO[+T[bJUpu.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTx.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHvX[z[L.W[QvU[7Lt U[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouttO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ppstrpJ+purrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovqtpo ro 

oxrpprJ+sotvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ppstrpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<oxpuqxJ+popxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqutrpw ps qMJ

oropqxQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotowpxÄĄouturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqtrÄĄ

O^Krwrus w qMJ

oxqvooÄĄpoowswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorputsÄĄostwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqpstpp s sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrt(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oxpuqxJ+popxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howsqor ro (

purrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<porpqoJ+srqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]rursrr w pMJ

orqsssJ+qtspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtuorÄĄ

QĂžTsqrtspx pp sMJ

opptppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrwswÄĄporqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłsurqps po qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostwpxÄĄourxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrqoÄĄopppss

U\Luprqqrs pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wptppr px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qptppr t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ppstssJ+purrrqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<oxrpouJ+sotutvtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppstssJ+

purrrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw

qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxrpouJ+sotutvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppstssJ+ purrrqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<oxrpouJ+sotutvtSI[+L[H<S

W[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxpuqpJ+popxvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppstssJ+purrrqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppstssJ+purrrqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;Ig Q[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxpuqpJ+popxvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppstssJ+purrrqtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<

oxrpouJ+sotutvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxpuqpJ+popxvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LourpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwpx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpooutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppruopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?106


wX[7LptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;w3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUpv.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTpo.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHwX[z[L.W[QwU[7Lu U[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovptO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<oxpvrrJ+poqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqtpx p 

ovtppoJ+rusupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGOO\Oj[L<oxpvrrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ousxpsJ+spoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upppqtr pt qMJ

I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotowsqÄĄoututoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtotsÄĄ

O^Krpoqvrr w rMJ

ourxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworqtÄĄoxqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoropstÄĄ

ǜžpqqsvtx s sMJ

orsrrtÄĄotovptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtotsÄĄowsstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpswq px pMJ

popqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopqtoÄĄpptsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrx(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ousxpsJ+spoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxqrow p (

poqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<oworoqJ+rvpttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rvrpru w qMJ

pqqppoJ+pwppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP\Oj[L<oxpwpwJ+poqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqsrppq pp sMJ

porrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptpxÄĄororqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpruÄĄ

Ç?Çłsussss po rMJ

orsrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotostÄĄpprqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Luprqrsu pt rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoworqtÄĄowstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrpqvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qpswq t rMJ

oxpurvÄĄportorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ovtpqsJ+rusustSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovtpqsJ+rusustSI[+L[Hqsu

wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxpvqvJ+poqptqtSI[+L[HL^7j[

N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovtpqs J+rusustSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ousxroJ+

sppqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ovtpqsJ+rusustSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxpvqvJ+poqptqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ousxroJ+sppqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxpvqvJ+poqptqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovtpqsJ+rusustSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ousxroJ+sppqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqsqr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpooropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?107


xX[7LptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;x3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUpw.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTpp.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHxX[z[L.W[QxU[7Lv U[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<outoqpJ+sprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxqtpw q 

Q[J[L<oupssrJ+rqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osqwpoJ+twpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqtrqqq pu qMJ

ropqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrxpwÄĄopptqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Krpqpxr w rMJ

-X[ÄĄoqqooxÄĄorsrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouorovÄĄ

ǜžpqrtpq t pMJ

oprtssÄĄorpvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotoxotÄĄoutoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

S[Č&#x2030;wpsstq px pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxouÄĄotovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsq(

JUQ]\Oj[L<osqwpoJ+twpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpooqtp q (

outoqpJ+sprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<otrwqpJ+rpprpo

Â&#x201E;OT]rwqwso w qMJ

\Oj[L<oxpxqrJ+poqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<ouqprrJ+

QĂžTsqtwx pp sMJ

S[\HowstpwÄĄpototqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsrtÄĄoprwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłsutvpv po rMJ

outvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxsrÄĄovqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Luprqts pt rMJ

-X[ÄĄostwqrÄĄourxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxsrÄĄovtwpq

Â&#x201E;9H^qpsstq t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otrwprJ+rppqtoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<oupsruJ+rqsrsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<otrwprJ+rppqtoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[ O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

oupsruJ+rqsrsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<oupsruJ+rqsrsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

oupsruJ+rqsrsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<outortJ+sprstSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osqwoqJ+twpuqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<outortJ+sprstSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<oupsruJ+rqsrsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osqwoqJ+twpuqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosoxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqoqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?108


poX[7LptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pp3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUpx.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTpq.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHppX[z[L.W[Qpo U[7LwU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovtvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<osqwtsJ+twpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoqtpx r 

Q[J[L<ossuppJ+qxpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqpusvJ+tqsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vxswps pv qMJ

tttwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLouorqxÄĄoxrxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krpspoqx w sMJ

ouorqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptruÄĄoqoxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqprrÄĄ

ǜžpqstsqp t pMJ

ostprxÄĄotstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroqpwÄĄorssppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpspsp px pMJ

oprttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppqqpÄĄoqrotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxss(

59[JU]\Oj[L<oqpusvJ+tqsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hposqqq r (

osqwtsJ+twpwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqppsJ+qtqxqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rxqtst w qMJ

\Oj[L<ouqqpwJ+rqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<orrrqwJ+

QĂžTsqtstw pp sMJ

O[bS[S[\HoworqvÄĄoxqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotoxqwÄĄ

Ç?Çłsvxtr po rMJ

oworqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsstÄĄoroqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Luprquqw pt rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoprpwÄĄpptsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptsrsÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qpspsp t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ossuorJ+qxpqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ossuorJ+

qxpqvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ossuorJ+qxpqvtSI[+L[H .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqpvopJ+

tqsvtoSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqpvopJ+tqsvtoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< oqpvopJ+tqsvtoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqqrqJ+rqsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ossuorJ+qxpqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqpvopJ+tqsvtoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovovtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpurq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqttttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?109


ppX[7LptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pq3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUqo.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTpr.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpqX[z[L.W[Qpp U[7LxU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowpxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ooqorrJ+svttrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqttq s 

Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orropuJ+qttotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

svttrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<orrsprJ+tuoto

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqrtvw pw rMJ

\JLotoxtrÄĄoutvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrsuÄĄopptsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Krpupto w sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortvsoÄĄotstrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororspÄĄ

ǜžpqttvtt t pMJ

orpvppÄĄostwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutpouÄĄowrqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxst(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotoxtr\Oj[LoxrxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqqtv s (

MS<oppvosJ+qopvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ooqorrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpoqqtp w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ootwooJ+sxqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTsquqqpp pp sMJ

S[\HovqprpÄĄoxqvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrooÄĄoqqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsvqqrq po rMJ

ortvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprwstÄĄoqqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Luprqvtw pt rMJ

9[TS[\HportqqÄĄpptrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wprwro px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qprwro t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrorpJ+qttprtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ooqosvJ+svtupqtSI[+L[HKL^ S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ooqosvJ+svtupqtSI[+L[H

\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpopp

prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrorpJ+qttprtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orrorpJ+qttprtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooqosvJ+svtupqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ooqosvJ+svtupqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ooqosvJ+

svtupqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opputwJ+qopvsqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrorpJ+qttprtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooqosvJ+svtupqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovosooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opssrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosopsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouptqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?110


pqX[7LptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pr3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUqp.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTps.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHprX[z[L.W[Qpq U[7LpoU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<posrqsJ+srtqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqqvqt t 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ppqxtoJ+ptswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

srrxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLovtqowÄĄporrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wvtuq px rMJ

O[bS[S[\HourxrpÄĄovqpqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvpwÄĄpprrow

O^Krpvtrp x pMJ

oqoxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqptotÄĄpqtvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpqvpsr t qMJ

9[TS[\HovtwpoÄĄoxpusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxst(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrqooJ+qrqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqottq t (

posrqsJ+srtqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HS[\H<porwopJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpppxtw w rMJ

-X[ÄĄoppttoÄĄororssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvspÄĄotstrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqutxpv pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwtwÄĄoroqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppttoÄĄ

Ç?Çłsvrtpr po rMJ

outpqvÄĄowrqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruosÄĄorpvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprqxrs pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wprtpx px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qprtpx t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrqpsJ+qrqstoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV

\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LS MS<oqrqpsJ+qrqstoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<posrrwJ+srtrqoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ppqxsrJ+ptswrqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<posrrwJ+srtrqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovoootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxptsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouppqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?111


prX[7LptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;ps3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUqq.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTpt.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpsX[z[L.W[Qpr U[7LppU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxqxsoJ+sosvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opropo u 

I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG;S\Oj[L<poorrpJ+pqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

xrvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrustJ+rwrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqpsqqu qo rMJ

ppqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvspÄĄotstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqsÄĄ

O^Krpxsruo x pMJ

oqoxtpÄĄortvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqvqoÄĄpotppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqwtsu t qMJ

pprrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttosÄĄopruoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsr(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttqoJ+qptprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtqpv u (

S[\H<oxqxsoJ+sosvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxoqpwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpqpvu w rMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotposrÄĄoutwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsopvÄĄ

QĂžTsqvruqv pq pMJ

oxqvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxpqÄĄotoxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłsvsvtu po rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwouÄĄpqqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotppvÄĄ

U\Luprrppv pt rMJ

owrqtrÄĄpoprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrpsoÄĄortoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wprqw px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qprqw t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttrtJ+qptqpoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrurwJ+rwrssvtSI[+L[H

Q9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[ \OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owrurwJ+rwrssvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[  H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttrtJ+qptqpoSI[+L[Hqstvxpppr pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opttrtJ+qptqpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxqxrqJ+sosvqtS I[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opttrtJ+qptqpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxqxrqJ+sosvqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?

WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<poorst J+pqpqrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opttrtJ+qptqpoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxqxrqJ+ sosvqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opruspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouovrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosss

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqssovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?112


psX[7LptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSptX[7L>[Ńpt3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[ŕ

wor\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]v@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUqr.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTpu.V[iuuw…QcHptX[z[L.W[Qps U[7LpqU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ „Wń[<owsqrsJ+rwswrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[oqrrrx v 

ØOG[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oxoqssJ+xrx„Mj[I[+L[HOO„Wń[<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;Ñ]\HQ[J[L<outvotJ+rsqstqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9xtpsqv qp rMJ

outwts„Mj[-X[ġporsqsġoppuoq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Krqprsss x qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpvptġostwpu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostwpuġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxso(

Ñ\HMJLíÊ1ġS[V[i[„O\LSMS<opssptJ+qpqqsvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opsroo v (

owsqrsJ+rwswrt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owqxtwJ+wptuo

„OT]rprpsps w rMJ

.j^Ɛ[L-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtvqsġororquQbXŃbR[;\JLotppowġ

QþTsqwprrx pq pMJ

oxsorpġporsqs„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqvqoġpooxqp„Mj[(

Ǐdzswosq po rMJ

ourxpw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptsqrġopprox„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pqxpor t qMJ

U\Luprrru pt rMJ S[ȉwpqwtw px pMJ „9H^qpqwtw t rMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „:h/;H[S[\OM[H„O\LSMS<opssqxJ+qpqrqqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ „Wń[<owsqqwJ+rwswqoSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<

opssqxJ+qpqrqqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 

9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<opssqxJ+qpqrqqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„Wń[<owsqqwJ+rwswqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<opssqx

J+qpqrqqtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/„Wń[<owsqqwJ+rwswqoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

oxoqrvJ+xrwsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

„O\LSMS<opssqxJ+qpqrqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owsqqwJ+rwswqoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V Q^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loutqpr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxovtp„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lpppxso„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[oprqsu„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[orsxtu„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Louorrt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owoosw

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxrxqu„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppowqx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqsopp„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqquou„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrpro„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď113


ptX[7LptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pu3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUqs.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTpv.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpuX[z[L.W[Qpt U[7LprU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxtrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsrwJ+rwqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorrurx w 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<owqxspJ+wptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LQ[J[L<otsotpJ+rpprpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpwrouo qq rMJ

porsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuovÄĄororswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpqwÄĄ

O^Krqrqtx x rMJ

orstsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpquÄĄpprrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqopsrr t rMJ

9^\T9S[\HoworptÄĄowstpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrrqwÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wpqtsv px pMJ

oxputoÄĄportsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxru(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoprvJ+qqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqrwot w (

owqsrwJ+rwqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<owqvtrJ+wxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rpsppqs w sMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLotpprsÄĄoutxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtrotÄĄ

QĂžTsqwtott pq pMJ

ourxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworptÄĄoxqvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄororssÄĄ

Ç?Çłswprrp po rMJ

orstsvÄĄotoxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtrotÄĄowsutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprrto pt rMJ

popsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopsqtÄĄppttqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^qpqtsv t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoproJ+qqstoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owqvstJ+wxqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqxttJ+

wpttqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqvstJ+wxqoS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpvpx qpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoproJ+qqstoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoproJ+qqstoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqstrJ+rwrpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqstrJ+rwrpvtSI[+L[H O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owqxttJ+wpttqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoproJ+qqstoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqstrJ+rwrpvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouswpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxorttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtutq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpposrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?114


puX[7LptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSpvX[7L>[Ńpv3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[ŕwor \O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]x@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUqt.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTpw.V[iuuw…QcHpvX[z[L.W[Qpu U[7LpsU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpopwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ „Wń[<owrwoqJ+rwrtqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losrvpx x 

9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<owqvpsJ+wwqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„Wń[<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;„WgP[;½Q[J[L<ossxotJ+qxqso„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9poprpst qr rMJ

potpro„Mj[-X[ġpqptspġoprxtp„Mj[-X[ġoqqptvġ

O^Krqtptps x rMJ

ourwtxġovqpos„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruqqġorpvps„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qppxpv t rMJ

„Mj[(9[TS[\Hourwtxġovtvts„Mj[-X[ġortpqrġotpopw

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrp(

H`H]j[LíÊK\LƊ[„O\LSMS<oqsxpqJ+qsqtvt„Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrurw x (

owrwoqJ+rwrtqt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owtusuJ+xqost

„OT]rptwru w sMJ

„U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLoxspooġoppupq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howstptġ

QþTsqxqwps pq pMJ

orsuov„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouotsxġoutxrv„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzswquqp po rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotpqopġoutqtr„Mj[-X[ġostwovġourwtx

U\Luprrvp pt rMJ

„Mj[(

S[ȉwpqqru px pMJ „9H^qpqqru t rMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L L+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9„O\LSMS<oqsxouJ+qsqsqtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^L

H^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owqvqxJ+wwsoSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^

O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS <oqsxouJ+qsqsqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[

„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V„Wń[<owrwpvJ+rwrtsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/„Wń[ <owrwpvJ+rwrtsoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owqvqxJ+wwsoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ„Wń[<owrwpvJ+rwrtsoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loussqp„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lowtxtw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lppppto„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

„OL^9[opqsts„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[orsqor„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lotttsr„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtqtv

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hoxrprs„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppoorv„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpqrqpx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpwps„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrrw„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď115


pvX[7LptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pw3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUqu.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTpx.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpwX[z[L.W[Qpv U[7LptU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotposrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<oxqqqsJ+soqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotrrto po 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owtuowJ+xpxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxqqqs

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLououprÄĄoxsppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popspvpr qs rMJ

-X[ÄĄoppupuÄĄoqpoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqotuÄĄowororÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krqvsts x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorosqoÄĄorsuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopstoÄĄ

ǜžqqqspr t rMJ

opprstÄĄoqrqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqt(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Q[J[L<osousqJ+qvptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrutu po (

J+soqstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLQ[J[L<osqpqwJ+qvtqro

Â&#x201E;OT]rputsw w sMJ

owororÄĄoxqvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpqqwÄĄououprÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtotru pq qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqptsxÄĄorosqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostppvÄĄotstor

Ç?Çłswrxps po rMJ

ppttrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttrwÄĄopruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Luprrxv pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wppxqt px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qppxqt t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<osoutvJ+qvpupqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtuooJ+xpwtoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osoutv J+qvpupqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osoutvJ+qvpupqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osoutvJ+qvpupqtS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxqqpvJ+soqsrqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owtuooJ+xpwtoSI[+L[H

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osoutvJ+qvpupqtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqqpvJ+soqsrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppovtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsxop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?116


pwX[7LptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;px3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUqv.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTqo.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHpxX[z[L.W[Q pwU[7LpuU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<porstqJ+srqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louqtow pp 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGOO\Oj[L<oxtsttJ+ppssuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ospuroJ+qvrwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotpqttÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poquswsu qt rMJ

oxqvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrsvÄĄoqqqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Krqwtsv x sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsopvÄĄoqqqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpvpoÄĄ

ǜžqrqxqq t sMJ

portswÄĄpptstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpw(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJQ[J[L<ottqtxJ+rpsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otrvor pp (

<porstqJ+srqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvrp x pMJ

ovooqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportppÄĄoppupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqosuÄĄ

QĂžTtosrp pq qMJ

ortvqwÄĄotsstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororstÄĄortvqw

Ç?Çłswtqx po rMJ

ostvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutrrwÄĄowrsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Luprspqo pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wppups px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qppups t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ospussJ+qvrxrqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS

JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ottqtrJ+rprxttSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X 9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtsswJ+ppsssqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ospussJ+qvrxrqtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ottqtrJ+rprxttSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottqtrJ+rprxttSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottqtrJ+rprxttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[ :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<porsssJ+srqsrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

oxtsswJ+ppsssqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottqtrJ+rprxttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[ XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<porsssJ+srqsrqtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoururoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpportwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovstot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?117


pxX[7LptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qo3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUqw.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTqp.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqoX[z[L.W[Q pxU[7LpvU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpprsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ooppotJ+svqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovppos pq 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pppxrvJ+ptptrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qwpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovtsqqÄĄportqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppxwqv qu qMJ

ourwqqÄĄovqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvprÄĄpprrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksosqsx po pMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqpuotÄĄpqtwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutsooÄĄ

ǜžqsrssr t sMJ

ovtvrpÄĄoxpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxox(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqsqJ+rvrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourtrq pr (

ooppotJ+svqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<osrpooJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwopu x pMJ

oppuqqÄĄororsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqqÄĄotsssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTtpqoqx pq qMJ

opsoroÄĄorostuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuqqÄĄoqpooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłsxtu po rMJ

owrsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruroÄĄorpvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Luprsrrw pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wpprs px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpprs t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqtuJ+rvrttSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pppxtoJ+ptpupoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqtuJ+rvrtt SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqtuJ+

rvrttSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oopotv J+svqqsvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pppxtoJ+ptpupoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqtuJ+rvrttSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oopotvJ+svqqsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowswpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppoooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovspox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqouquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?118


qoX[7LptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qp3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUqx.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTqq.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqpX[z[L.W[Q qoU[7LpwU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqopO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oqortqJ+tqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtqpv pr 

srpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opotpqJ+pxrwqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<otoopvJ+qxquvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotprtoÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqppwtv qv qMJ

otssroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqoqrÄĄoxqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsosrÄĄ

O^Ksqrotv po pMJ

oxqvpoÄĄpotpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxpoÄĄpqqqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqtsopu t sMJ

oprurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrsttÄĄpoptqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtx(

(.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]S[\H<poroopJ+

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovrpso ps (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oqortqJ+tqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;K`\H

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwtvrp x pMJ

ovopotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsptuÄĄppqxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvpuÄĄ

QĂžTtptwo pq qMJ

otpqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqpooqÄĄortvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłsxpws po rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpotpspÄĄpprrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptttxÄĄ

U\Luprsuq pt rMJ

oqrrrrÄĄortqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wpxtr px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpxtr t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<poqxttJ+srpopqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opotosJ+pxrwtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ S[\H<poqxttJ+srpopqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poqxttJ+ srpopqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<

poqxttJ+srpopqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oqorstJ+

tqrrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqorstJ+tqrrvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opotosJ+pxrwtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<poqxttJ+srpopqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

oqorstJ+tqrrvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrvpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpossttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?119


qpX[7LptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qq3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUro.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTqr.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqqX[z[L.W[Q qpU[7LpxU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqqwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ososrsJ+tvsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqxsw ps 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ororoqJ+qsrptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rotwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtwrvÄĄorotrr

Â&#x201E;@[T[9orqrqp p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsqoxÄĄportssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvotÄĄ

O^Ksspwqv po qMJ

ostvqtÄĄourvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttpoÄĄoppsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsw(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<opouoqJ+sxrwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowqtro pt (

ososrsJ+tvsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TQ[J[L<otrvtoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxtssw x pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpspwÄĄovopqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportssÄĄoppuqu

QĂžTtqrtrt pq qMJ

pooxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorputwÄĄostvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłsxrpt po rMJ ǜžqusuo u pMJ

U\Luprswrq pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wpusq px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qpusq t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<opoupuJ+sxrwsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opoupuJ+ sxrwsqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

opoupuJ+sxrwsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ososqwJ+tvspqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ososqwJ+tvspqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ororpuJ+qsrqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opoupuJ+

sxrwsqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ososqwJ+ tvspqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opotptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotruosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrrpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxppttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osortvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?120


qqX[7LptrQ[\S/bS/ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qr3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUrp.V[iptrP[SH]j\W\PTqs.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqrX[z[L.W[Qqq U[7LqoU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqttO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osorpsJ+tvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxossv pt 

orsppwJ+tutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGOO\Oj[L<osorpsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouorroJ+qorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9optqtv q pMJ

ovopsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovttqoÄĄporttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqvÄĄ

O^Ksutpu po qMJ

oxqvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorottpÄĄorswpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžqvtptu u pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovttqoÄĄowswtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoqpvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;wprrp px pMJ

popttoÄĄpptuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpuqtÄĄporttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwru(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<ouorroJ+qorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxpvqx pu (

tvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<otosotJ+qxrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rqotqv x qMJ

oupuswJ+rqrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotpssvÄĄ

QĂžTtrprpq pq qMJ

ororroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostorqÄĄourvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqpvÄĄ

Ç?Çłsxssw po rMJ

potpsrÄĄpprsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswpqÄĄotpqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Luprtpw pt rMJ

owssrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrtqxÄĄpopttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^qprrp t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<orsprqJ+tutsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

orsprqJ+tutsqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orsprqJ+

tutsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<orsprqJ+ tutsqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ \Oj[L<ouorqqJ+qopvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<otosqoJ+qxrrtqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouorqqJ+qopvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowruqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqxqq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqowstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osooorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?121


qrX[7LptrQ[\SI[+>[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qr3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUpX[7LptrP[SH]j\W\PTqt.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqrX[z[L.W[Qqr U[7LqpU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<ouoqpoJ+ptvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrwqo pu 

orsopxJ+tuqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<ououroJ+quttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<outwspJ+rspwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ovtotrJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqvqvsv r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsqruÄĄoppuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ksvtpqo po rMJ

oqqrstÄĄorswrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouowsrÄĄovoqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqwtwr u pMJ

orpusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotptptÄĄouttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvop

S[Č&#x2030;wpoqo px pMJ

ortrtqÄĄotprqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqq(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ovtotrJ+uqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoowpw pv (

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouoqpoJ+ptvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rqpsxqu x qMJ

uqvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Q[J[L<outoqsJ+rrtvtqt

QĂžTtrtotr pq rMJ

owssroÄĄpotpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpurqÄĄopspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłsxtvpq po rMJ

9^\T9S[\HourvpuÄĄovpxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprurpÄĄ

U\Luprtrsx pt rMJ

ÄĄourvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourvpuÄĄovtusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^qpoqo t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<outorwJ+rrtwqvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ououqpJ+qurqtSI[+L[H O`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[

Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<outorw

J+rrtwqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxpppr pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ououqpJ+qurqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ououqpJ+qurqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouoqqtJ+ptvttS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtpovJ+uqwqvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouoqqtJ+ptvttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ououqpJ+qurqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;

\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovtpovJ+uqwqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqtqu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqosswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?122


qsX[7LptrQ[\ST[Q^/\W+ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qs3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;wor \OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUqX[7LptrP[SH]j\W\PTqu.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqsX[z[L.W[Qqs U[7LqqU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprtoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovsxttJ+uqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopprr pv 

<ouotrpJ+qsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<owprqoJ+vqqsvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrvqvJ+rwqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oxpwtpJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pxrstp r sMJ

I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLouoxoxÄĄoxsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ksxrurt po rMJ

-X[ÄĄoppuqwÄĄoqoxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxqtÄĄowoptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqposqo u qMJ

otsrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorouqwÄĄorswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;wotvx px pMJ

9[TS[\HopptooÄĄoqrsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwow(

JUQ]\Oj[L<oxpwtpJ+pourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpotwsp pw (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG;S\Oj[L<ovsxttJ+uqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rqqsusv x qMJ

pourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OQ[J[L<ovpqovJ+rstotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtsqwrv pq rMJ

owoptqÄĄoxqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotptssÄĄouoxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłspopopv po sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpurvÄĄorouqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostoovÄĄ

U\Luprturu pt rMJ

popuppÄĄpptuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptuqoÄĄopruroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^qotvx t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ouotqsJ+qspoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owprpqJ+vqqqvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouotqsJ+qspoS

I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouotqsJ+qspoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

owprpqJ+vqqqvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owprpqJ+vqqqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouotqsJ+qspoSI[+L[H

M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsxsxJ+uqtpqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxpxouJ+ povpqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<

ouotqsJ+qspoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ovsxsxJ+uqtpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owprpqJ+vqqqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxpxouJ+povpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orporvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqpro

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxooowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqootrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?123


qtX[7LptrQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[ptu\ÊM^S[ŕrwsv9T½[ŕ„WgSquX[7L>[Ńqt3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[ŕ

wor\O¾QW[ǃ¢/+bS@]pw@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUrX[7LptrP[SH]j\W\PTqv.V[iuuw…QcHqtX[z[L.W[Qqt U[7LqrU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpspwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxpvtsJ+pospqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpostqw pw 

9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oxpvtsJ+pospqt„Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<oxtrox

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotpuprġovoqtu„Mj[-X[ġ

„@[T[9pqpsxrv s sMJ

pprspqġoqqspt„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLorturqġotsrpt„Mj[(

O^Ksppqotv po sMJ

oqqspt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpuroġosturr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtq(

59[JU]LíÊ„S[\XG]\Oj[L<owpqqpJ+vqoqo„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppsxqo px (

J+sprqqo„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;O½[<[HQ[J[L<ovpttpJ+rstxt

„OT]rqrsspo x rMJ

poruqqġoppuqv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovpxovġoxquso„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTttuqr pq rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLororpoġorturq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hopspssġ

Ǐdzspoqrqt po sMJ

outupuġowrupx„Mj[(9[TS[\Hportstġppttqv„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qppposw u qMJ

U\Luprtxqx pt rMJ S[ȉwotrtx px pMJ „9H^qotrtx t rMJ

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<owpqpsJ+vqoqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9S[\H<oxtroqJ+sprqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍ OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

oxtstoJ+pprtqoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶL O[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń O`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpqpsJ+vqoqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9

S[\USH[ S[\H<oxtroqJ+sprqqtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ 

H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<owpqpsJ+vqoqtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxtstoJ+pprtqoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owpqpsJ+vqoqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<poqpovJ+

pqspqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxpwowJ+possvtSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<poqpovJ+pqspqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owpqpsJ+ vqoqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oxpwowJ+possvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtstoJ+pprtqoSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqpovJ+pqspqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[; „J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö99­CS[\UH\Oj[Louowtw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lowqsru„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lporuqu„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqsxrp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„OL^9[orouso„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lotqopx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovpvrs

„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UH„WŁ[owtupq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpoqtpt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpptutv„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsqto„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswpt„Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\ď124


quX[7LptrQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qu3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUsX[7LptrP[SH]j\W\PTqw.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHquX[z[L.W[Qqu U[7LqsU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpssvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<poqosoJ+pqrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppqpou px 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<poqosoJ+pqrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLovturuÄĄporurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qsptp t sMJ

O[bS[S[\HouruptÄĄovpwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqurpÄĄpprspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksprsqq po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpuswÄĄpqtxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLouturxÄĄ

ǜžqpqpvqu u qMJ

ovtuosÄĄoxpttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvrt(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oxtsqrJ+pprspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqsost qo (

posppoJ+srrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L<outwpxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqssprs x rMJ

-X[ÄĄoppuqtÄĄororoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortuqoÄĄotsqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTttsspr pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄopsptuÄĄorovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuqtÄĄoqoxss

Ç?Çłsporurr po sMJ

owrurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopruqtÄĄorpuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Lupsqqv pt rMJ S[Č&#x2030;wotosw px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qotosw t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxtspuJ+pprrttSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ppoworJ+psrvpoSI[+L[H\QI^L

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtspuJ+

pprrttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt

pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxtspuJ+pprrttSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ppoworJ+psrvpoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poqorqJ+pqrxrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppoworJ+psrvpoS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poqorqJ+pqrxrtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

potsooJ+psqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtspuJ+pprrttSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<poqorqJ+pqrxrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<potsooJ+psqqtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ppoworJ+psrvpoSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouotopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovprrv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?125


qvX[7LptrQ[\S/LW[/LW[ptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qv3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUtX[7LptrP[SH]j\W\PTqx.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqvX[z[L.W[Qqv U[7LqtU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<potrrrJ+psottÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptxqu qo 

.Ă?­[\Oj[L<ppovrtJ+psruÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<oupvosJ+rqqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qputrqr u sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortuovÄĄotsqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpwqxÄĄoxquqq

O^Kspssuss pp pMJ

ortuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxquqqÄĄpotprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqprqsps u rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppturpÄĄopruqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrutpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvpu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpvpp\Oj[LoxsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprrpo qp (

potrrrJ+psottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<potwrsJ+ssprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqtrwtx x rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotpvppÄĄovorspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsrqtÄĄppqxts

QĂžTtuqqu pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqovÄĄotptptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxrwÄĄ

Ç?Çłsposxsr po sMJ

ppqxtsÄĄpqqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotprvÄĄpprsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Lupstrp pt rMJ

popuspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrtqsÄĄorttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;wosvrv px pMJ Â&#x201E;9H^qosvrv t rMJ

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<ppovtoJ+psrurvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pottrtJ+psssvtSI[+L[H99­C

S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<potrqtJ+

psortSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pottrtJ+psssvtS I[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ppovtoJ+psrurvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ppovtoJ+psrurvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<potrqtJ+psortSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ppovtoJ+psrurvtS I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<potrqtJ+psortSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

pottrtJ+psssvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<potrqtJ+psortSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ppovtoJ+psrurvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pottrtJ+psssvtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouopouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowpussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovoxsp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpopvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppsxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S153

M[\Ä?126


qwX[7LptrQ[\SW[9TbWLptu\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwsv9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qw3\Vb9UQ[X[ QTQ[W uuwU9[Ĺ&#x2022;

wor\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp@^T[/vsuO[+T[bJUuX[7LptrP[SH]j\W\PTro.V[iuuwÂ&#x2026;QcHqwX[z[L.W[Qqw U[7LquU[7j[Tpqw\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptssO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<pottqvJ+pssqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqspqt qp 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<pottqvJ+pssqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<postop

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qxssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxrvÄĄorovsp

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqxsuqw v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsrruÄĄporusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqupqÄĄ

O^Kspuqwp pp pMJ

osttssÄĄourtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttruÄĄopptrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourutv(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<pptorrJ+puqqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqququ qq (

J+srrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<otpppxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rquruqu x rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpvsoÄĄovosorÂ&