Page 1

121


Q[\S121

M[\ď0


Iu bgt kÖxm~hŠ¨vq ci eªÞ‥Y bgt

Bgvi ‥mbvLqvZ

weòzwcÖqv gwYcyix Vvii cyivbv cvwÄ m~hŠwm×vť�i gvwnj Mbvwb A‥m MbvwbiKv gvaecyii cweÎ ivmi RvMv Anvb‥i †K›`ªM aivwb ABj AÿZzc: 24.31º Jqvs `ªvwNgvZzc: 91.84º gyO mgqi jqvM: 6º gyO

gvwi 121 DĂ‹g wmsn

‥cŠwi http://www.pouri.org

wbDBqKŠ, wZjcvivóª

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?1


9I[.9>^\C

\Q\OĆ‹^\Ă‘j[Q\GM^S]D[STM[\Ä?.X[L\L9[T[\LQbLj[„;T;[9HOWSK\Sj[XŇ[9bSg\SH[(QSW[KL[-X[LSNTX[L .\XT“M[\Ä?â€? L[=SWNC7j½[SX[LT(QS5bS“M[\Ä?â€? L[=S;L95X[LTȉĪ[X[\S\JL9[SL[;/M^S[OWS.X[S

M[\Ä?X[L;L[\L59bSS(M[\Ä?;L[\LS9[\J@[HSQ[\X.bWp(W^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźO[bS[q(\Oǜĭ\WÄ­[ÄźO[J`9\WÄ­[Äź(W^R­½

\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X5H[M^S[L[9[bTÄĄ>\Tj[.bXQ[\XÂ&#x201E;RH[TO[@[bS>bTSO[+T[Sj[QM[\Ä?;L[\L-S(\Qbjg/bQW^R­½\WÄ­[Äź Q[\X/Tj[M[\Ä?5X[LQ_\H­M[T9ST^(/+bS@]9½[bTÄš[SÂ&#x201E;>j[M^S[L[\JL.X[LX[SM[\LO[S/\HX[WS<CL[S\JL.X[L \OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LL^\=\9Ǣ.Q[SM[\Ä?5H[S\JLH[\S:O[bS[\H\I\L9[T[\L5X[LX[\OÄĄ\XL9[QX[L(-X[bL.\Q X[\Ç M^S[L[\JLH[\S:5H[/bQ/+bS\@TQ[\Hj[S(H[I9j[QS5bSČ&#x2030;S9[XĤ[5X[bLÂ&#x201E;R9^LM^S[L[H[\S:\H\I

\OW[\Sj[\L9[T[\LO[SL[L[L;bOVL[S9[bQT[;H/-X[LÂ&#x2026;Ç&#x2C6;bLj(.Q[SP[SH1MQX[bJUSQ^+O[S[HÂ&#x201E;RÂ&#x201E;RWL-Ĺ&#x2022;O[ M[\Ä?O½[OX[S9S[\L-S-H[X[\Ç 5bM/HÂ&#x201E;>ĹŻS[\LHXĤ[.X[bLgI^/T^(

OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;SQ[\S5X[L9^ĹĄ[;[ÄĄ>[T^-bWX[L-X[LQ[H[\L\XL(9^L;/Q[ÄĄ[S[O[JU[X.9ObS\L9[T[bWX[LO[bS[ 9HH[/Q[ÄĄ[S[S[@[UU[+9/\L9[T[bWX[L(\Q-W[bJÂ&#x201E;9[L6\HX[\W9H9­HR[L[L[QL[1\S(5Q[\Spspx/bT

.\@9[ÄĄpspxOWS.b;OĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;-9S[\L-bW5W[bJÂ&#x201E;TM9\Sj[pOĂž[Ĺ&#x2022;ÄĄ-9\Sj[X[\SQ[\SSM[\Ä?.X[LU[H9ST^(

\X@\S\X@\SH[\S:;L[\LSL[L[LMÄ­\H>[T^-bW-H[X[\OH:[\LL[:[\LÂ&#x201E;RW[bJ1T[TS(-X[bLQSMÄ­\H 9^bjH O[bS[Q[/žWNCMÄ­\HS:[\LW+Ć&#x2019;[S9\Sj[ 5X[bHgp\JLÂ&#x201E;XTO[9Q/bHM[bS(\X@\SH[\S:Â&#x201E;TM9S[\LS>^ĹĄ[

MÄ­\HX[L/TH[/I[\>S\M?S\JbLÂ&#x201E;OT];O^S[\LSI[+L[H@^T[9X[LÂ&#x201E;J:bT-\JLS\M?S\JbLM/T[Q[W(Â&#x201E;J:[\L5X[bHg Â&#x201E;ObWM-/bHM[bSÂ&#x201E;Q<[T[/bTÂ&#x201E;R;Â&#x201E;>/H/-;S>[L[X[LÂ&#x201E;W+L[/bTO[Â&#x201E;9[L@[;[X[ÄĄÂ&#x201E;>/H[S[5W[bJ(-X[bL

O[+T[bJbU/bQWS9[\S@[H]j>[*JÂ&#x201E;J:[9\Q\CbjÂ&#x201E;RX[LÂ&#x201E;TM9SH[/-X[LS;b@I[Ĺ°\Jj[\X@\SH[\S:O[bS[MO­ Â&#x201E;TM9S[\L-S(

O[+T[bJUO[+T[bJUSO[+T[59[bEQ]bjÂ&#x201E;RO[+T[M[\Ä?SW+Ć&#x2019;[S9bS\W-X[L/bQâ&#x20AC;&#x153;O[+T[bJUâ&#x20AC;? O^\Tj[Â&#x201E;JL[-/T( Q[\XW^R­½\WÄ­[ÄźQ[\X/Tj[\JLO[SMSOXO[WQjR[Ă&#x160;[\H\ILĂ­Ă&#x160;9SLÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă XƤ^C.\J;LbT1 Â&#x201E;OL]b@[T[9\L9^T[\LO^S[\LĂ XLO[bS[TĂś5H[Č&#x2030;ÄŞ[J`9\WÄ­[Äź/Tj[;L[\L-/T(

Â&#x201E;RH[S;bOVL[O[bS[9Q­ĥM[+T[9M[W^H[ 1. Shree Ajit Krishnan, MHora-v0.2.

2. Shree Michio Yano (http://www.cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp/~yanom/) articles, and Pancanga (version 3.13). 3. Shree Vinay Jha (http://jyotirvidya.wetpaint.com/), Shree Surya Siddhanta releted all articles. 4Ă&#x2DC;]W_R­½\WÄ­[ÄźÇ&#x2030;[Q]\OÄ&#x152;[L[LĹ prpuW[TÂ&#x201E;OT^hQD9\T9[H[(

5. Indian Astronomy: An Introduction By S. Balachandra Rao, Year 2000, Universities Press.

6. Indian Calendric System, by Commodore S.K. Chatterjee (Retd.), Year 1998, Publication Division, MOIB, Govt of India.

My special thanks for their tools:

1. Microsoft for Visual Studio 2010 & Hijri Calendar.

2. Swiss Ephemeris (http://www.astro.com/swisseph/) for swedll32.dll

T\QbH;[X[\Ç S[+Â&#x201E;X/>[.X[LQS5bSČ&#x2030;Çł9[Q5X[HÂ&#x201E;9[LT[TI[/bTHS[9QbSO[b;/O[+\QT;[T;Â&#x201E;RW[bJ1 >^Q9SH1(

1ĥQ\W+X\L1/j9­pspxWL

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?2


\L+bIgQĂžTQÄž]ǜžM[\LS-\KM\H@^T[9O[bS[N[jNWTS-\KM\HÇ?Çł(

=========================================================

pÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qqQ[>­vpsO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqU\@O^.W[QpOX[;pS@Oxt \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/roÂ&#x2026;>HpqoQ[\S vpsrqo Â&#x201E;T/M[9M[ J+svrvvt <psSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottvtxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrpuJ+qstuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostrqx

9`\ÄĄ9[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osrvppJ+tustttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropsvJ+qqsvqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opxtqqs q qMJ

ottrstÄĄovrpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpostsuÄĄopppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kopvxpp q qMJ

pooqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppuÄĄosrqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqqp(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Q[J[L<otsttuJ+qxrvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qq O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostpqt qr (

MS<ortrpuJ+qstuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orptqvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opppqr p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;S[\HoppqtuÄĄorrttxQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

QĂžTqqtrqtw v qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtvouÄĄpostsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpsrpÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqrsstx pw rMJ

osrqrpÄĄouorsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpqopqtÄĄoprosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpsuss r rMJ

U\Ltpuprss pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sququtq pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poququtq qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<otsttoJ+qxrvrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<orptqpJ+trqruoSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<orptqp

J+trqruoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp rsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otsttoJ+qxrvrqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqo qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LS

MS<ortrowJ+qsttsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otsttoJ+qxrvrqtSI[+L[HP[H H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrowJ+qsttsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<otsttoJ+qxrvrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrowJ+qsttsvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropsoJ+qqsvvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrowJ+qsttsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LoupqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovssqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxqxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosovrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LoupxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HposxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HLb=/oporqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?3


qÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;rQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qrQ[>­vpsO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHrU\@O^.W[QqOX[;qS@Oxt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottutuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssoxJ+qqtuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otsooq

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssoxJ+qqtuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pvsrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLottqsqÄĄovropr

Â&#x201E;@[T[9prrqqt r rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosquruÄĄouosowÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovrxpwÄĄoxpsqx

O^Kopwqxqp q qMJ

pprvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqqswÄĄottvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžpsptrx r rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowttrrÄĄpoqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoqutxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqsr(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L<otqptpJ+qwsoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotttsv qs (

oqpxspJ+tpvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<pqtxoqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqpoo p pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowpwtxÄĄpostpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppprrÄĄoqsxot

QĂžTqquorv v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrtprÄĄosqqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposxsoÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqrsqsr pw rMJ

owpwtxÄĄoxovstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrxpwÄĄowqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpuwtw pr qMJ

pptwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqruÄĄporpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;squqrsp pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poquqrsp qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<otqqotJ+qwsotoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

otqqotJ+qwsotoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssqsJ+qqurvtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

otqqotJ+qwsotoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssqsJ+qqurvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[

:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqtxpvJ+pvsrtoS

I[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssqsJ+qqurvtSI[+L[H XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otqqotJ+qwsotoS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouowtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovsoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxquoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pprppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHQ[J[LosorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouptqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpostruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?4


r…OU[:pqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSs…OU[:>[ŃsQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qsQ[>­vpsO[+T[bJUpo…>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTr…>Huru…QcHsU\@O^.W[QrOX[;rS@Oxt\X@S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottttqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \Sã[ „O\LSMS<oqoqqtJ+qoqspvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqtot qt 

Q`;\US[9SG\O\Ɔ„O\LSMS<oqoqqtJ+qoqspvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

pppwpvJ+prrrtvt„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL\Oj[L<pooppsJ+poqs

„@[T[9pputvrr s rMJ

owqutwġposxqv„Mj[-X[ġpqqsqvġoptxqv„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Kopxsusp q qMJ

9^\T9S[\Houosqxġoutptw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxsoġ

Ƕ¾psqqpw r rMJ

ġouosqx„Mj[(9[TS[\Houosqxġovrrrq„Mj[-X[ġosqvtq

O^SH/Q[J[Louoros(

I[+L[HMčQ]LíÊ„S[\XG]Q[J[L<otqtqwJ+qwtptt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loutxov qt (

\Oj[L<optqsrJ+toqsqt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;„WgP[;½\Oj[L<

„OT]orwrt p pMJ

„Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLoxttttġopppqo„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QþTqquqwqx v qMJ

oqsutuġosqptu„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLousoroġovqxqp„Mj[(

Ǐdzvqrsops pw rMJ

oroppu„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLottprwġovqrps„Mj[-X[ġosrqtq

U\Ltpusps pr qMJ

ġottutu„Mj[(

S[ȉsquqorp pp sMJ

„9H^poquqorp qt qMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[Q[J[L<otqtqoJ+qwtprtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<poopovJ+poqrsqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍ

OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S

O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poopovJ+poqrsqtS I[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<otqtqoJ+qwtprtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqv

LíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/Q[J[L<otqtqoJ+qwtprtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/ QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^ż[:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oqoqsoJ+qoqsttSI[+L[H„OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[

LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pppwrpJ+prrsrqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oqoqsoJ+qoqsttSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<

otqtqoJ+qwtprtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ 

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Louostt„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovruqx„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxqqou„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqvpr„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[opsrtw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[ortxrx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Loupprq„Mj[( H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owqsrq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hpospso„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqttqx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtroq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrptq„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď5


sÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;tQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qtQ[>­vpsO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHtU\@O^.W[QsOX[;sS@Oxt\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]L[;MÄ?Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottssxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optortJ+pxtvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqtot qt 

.Ă?­[9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optortJ+pxtvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

poootsJ+poqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oxowspJ+wptpt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qovo t rMJ

ovrxrwÄĄoxpsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottortÄĄourxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqpotw q rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqqsorÄĄorrrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqutuÄĄotpttr

ǜžpsqurx r rMJ

pptvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptvsqÄĄopqxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louorqt(

I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<ottwptJ+ropurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loutxov qt (

\Oj[L<optuqoJ+topsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]osvv p qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLourxrqÄĄoxttqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTqquturq v rMJ

-X[ÄĄopppowÄĄoqoootÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqpsÄĄovrxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvqrrvrs pw rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorrrsoÄĄosqposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqtttÄĄ

U\Ltpttxrq pr qMJ

opqxpsÄĄoqtwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;squpvqo pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqupvqo qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ottwovJ+ropupqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ottwovJ+ropupqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optoqwJ+pxtvtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ottwovJ+ropupqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optoqwJ+pxtvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<poopowJ+

poqrstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <optoqwJ+pxtvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ottwovJ+ropupqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LouootxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovrqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orttsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouovruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqtprsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?6


tÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;uQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]quQ[>­vpsO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHuU\@O^.W[QtOX[;tS@Oxt \X@S]-bU[9VĆ&#x160;]Ć&#x2019;Ĺ&#x201E;VĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottrstO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxqoJ+qosutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovoxqw qu 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxqoJ+qosutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+wprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<owrxtuJ+vtuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qprosw u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutqqxÄĄoxpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppruqoÄĄoqstrs

O^Koqqpqo q rMJ

oqsxooÄĄorrworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptwpuÄĄoqstrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpsqwrw r rMJ

owtrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporppvÄĄpqooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louorsv(

I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<ovoppvJ+rqtustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howopow qu (

oqrotuJ+tpsrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oxovtx

Â&#x201E;OT]ottrw p qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotsxrqÄĄovqvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrsvÄĄoppott

QĂžTqqvqssv v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrworÄĄotpuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvqrrssr pw rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoroppuÄĄosrrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovqpqxÄĄ

U\Ltpttstq pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;squpsx pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqupsx qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž/H/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprortJ+ pxpo

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ovoprqJ+rqtvqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

ovoprqJ+rqtvqqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxrsJ+qosvqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovoprqJ+rqtvqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxrsJ+qosvqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovoprqJ+rqtvqqtSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxrsJ+qosvqvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<oxowpsJ+wpsvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxrsJ+qosvqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovoprqJ+rqtvqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśQ]LS[\UH\Oj[LottvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L pppxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opruotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LouorsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HporrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqsvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?7


u…OU[:pqpQ[\S„T/M[9M[pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSv…OU[:>[ŃvQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]qvQ[>­vpsO[+T[bJUpr…>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTu…>Huru…QcHvU\@O^.W[QuOX[;uS@Oxt \X@S]Ø]Ø]O[W\ļM^@[S;HOX[\L WŌQ]  „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottqsqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ „O\LSMS<oqtxopJ+qqtrsqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtrtw qv 

9SGO\G@„O\LSMS<oqtxopJ+qqtrsqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

vtpo„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<owrspqJ+utsqo„Mj[I[+L[HU_T

„@[T[9qqtrxsw v qMJ

„Mj[-X[ġorrwovġotpuqr„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houotrqġoutqss

O^Koqrpxrr q rMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopposqġoptxto„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqqrptġ

Ƕ¾psqwpr r rMJ

opqxowġoroppu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hovrsorġoxoqrt„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosow(

I[+L[H-ƆQ]LíÊM^LO­W^„Wń[<owrspqJ+rutpso„Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxoprw qv (

orrtqsJ+tsqvqo„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<owrxruJ+

„OT]ousu p qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowpttrġposrpw„Mj[-X[ġopposqġoqswtx

QþTqqvtrpr v rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoxpsqrġppruoq„Mj[-X[ġoptvspġorrqou

Ǐdzvqrrpsp pw rMJ

oppoqw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovqoruġowtqss„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltpttopt pr qMJ S[ȉsqupotx pp sMJ

„9H^poqupotx qt qMJ ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[„O\LSMS<oqtxptJ+qqtspvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[„Wń[<owrsorJ+rutppvtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ

@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ „O\LSMS<oqtxptJ+ qqtspvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sqsuwxppprptpv

pwqoqqqsquqvLíÊH„Wń[<owrsorJ+rutppvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH

XO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM^ƃSbJ[V„O\LSMS<oqtxptJ+qqtspvtSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V „Wń[<owrsorJ+rutppvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oqtxptJ+qqtspvtS I[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrxqvJ+vssvtS

I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ„O\LS MS<oqtxptJ+qqtspvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ„Wń[<owrsorJ+rutppvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[V L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TöQ]LS[\UH\Oj[Lottrov„Mj[(„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lovqssq„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Loxpopw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[L ppptqt„Mj[(99­CS[\UH„OL^9[oprqpo„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[orsvtq„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Lottxsr„Mj[(

H^T[S[\UH„WŁ[owpqst„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hpoqxtr„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpqsrsq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqspps„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqoot„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď8


vÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;wQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qwQ[>­vpsO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHwU\@O^.W[QvOX[;vS@Oxt \X@S]-Ĺ&#x2021;M_G­[M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottprwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<ospuswJ+qupotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowrxpq qw 

OOQ[J[L<ospuswJ+qupotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ototqsJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<owsvrrJ+vroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rwtrv w qMJ

-X[ÄĄorrwppÄĄotpurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutrooÄĄoxpsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqsqrqq q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpsqqÄĄposwruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpprqoqÄĄ

ǜžpsqtqp r rMJ

ppturxÄĄopqwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowtqoqÄĄpoqsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosqx(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[S[\H<porrqrJ+sptqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpooopu qw (

twpstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<owrrroJ+utqrt

Â&#x201E;OT]ovqrq p rMJ

\JLotsvqtÄĄovqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtrrsÄĄpprqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqqwqpto v rMJ

-X[ÄĄoptvotÄĄottqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxsrÄĄorrwpp

Ç?Çłvqrqwqv pw rMJ

pqqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwruÄĄpprtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltptstsp pr qMJ

9[TS[\HoqtttxÄĄosqsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;squvsw pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poquvsw qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<porrpuJ+sptqSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^L O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<porrpuJ+sptqS

I[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ospvosJ+qupproSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<porrpuJ+sptqSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ospvosJ+qupproSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrrqrJ+utqpvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ospvosJ+qupproSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<porrpuJ+sptqSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxouqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppppqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotttsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?9


wÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;xQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qxQ[>­vpsO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHxU\@O^.W[QwOX[;wS@Oxt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[QLOQ]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LottortO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ottwooJ+roquqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxqtru qx 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otosqqJ+twpqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<owsuroJ+vqvsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqoqort x qMJ

orrorrQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotsuqrÄĄovqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqpxÄĄ

O^Koqtqrpp q sMJ

oxpsqoÄĄpoopqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppuÄĄosrrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpsqop r rMJ

opqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louosto(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ootrquJ+svsvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoturr qx (

ottwooJ+roquqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outtptJ+qtqpo

Â&#x201E;OT]owott p rMJ

\Oj[L<oxpsttJ+wspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;S[\HopoxqwÄĄ

QĂžTqqwtorv v rMJ

oppopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxtrooÄĄposqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłvqrqtq pw rMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrrstÄĄououprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptwtuÄĄ

U\Ltptspx pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;squsrw pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqusrw qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ootrpxJ+svsvqoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ootrpxJ+svsvqoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ootrpxJ+svsvqoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ottvtrJ+roqupoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ootrpxJ+svsvqoS I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ottvtrJ+roqupoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owsuqrJ+vqvqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ottvtrJ+roqupoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ootrpxJ+svsvqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoxoqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LppovrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LottptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpoqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqrrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ospqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otspqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?10


xÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;poQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]roQ[>­vpsO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpoU\@O^.W[QxOX[;xS@Oxt\X@S] Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]O[W\ÄźM^@[T\QT KQ­S[@JUQ] 

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsxrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovtsspJ+rtqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoprpv ro 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<outsprJ+qsxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ovtssp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<oxprtsJ+wrwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqqvrr po pMJ

ovqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowprrtÄĄposptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppootÄĄ

O^Koqupwst q sMJ

oxpspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqxsvÄĄospusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžpspqpq r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowprrtÄĄoxorooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsoquÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;squpqv pp sMJ

poqrpwÄĄpptttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqrsÄĄpororsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotpp(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<orquroJ+tspqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptoop ro (

J+rtqostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owturvJ+vtwpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]owtxpv p rMJ

oxtorvJ+poprpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLotstqoÄĄ

QĂžTqqxpxrt v rMJ

oqswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqvssÄĄouoursÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsoquÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqrqpqu pw rMJ

poswppÄĄpprtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospusrÄĄottortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltptruso pr qMJ

owqvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowtorxÄĄpoqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poqupqv qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orquqqJ+tspqrtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<orquqqJ+tspqrtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovtsrrJ+rtqoqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orquqqJ+tspqrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovtsrrJ+rtqoqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<outsouJ+qsxpvtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ovtsrrJ+rtqoqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orquqqJ+tspqrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[; \OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovpqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpporrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orruosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owootwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqrptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osowpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?11


poÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ppQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]rpQ[>­vpsO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHppU\@O^.W[QpoOX[;poS@Oxt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9[QJ[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotswqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ S[\H<oxtwpqJ+sorqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppoqpo rp 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<owttrrJ+vttrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

poporqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLoxtptoÄĄopoxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spsqxst pp pMJ

-X[ÄĄoqsqpoÄĄospttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourrswÄĄovqrpx

O^Koqvxsw r pMJ

oroppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsspwÄĄovpvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrsou

ǜžpsptr r rMJ

ÄĄotsxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotrq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ouorowJ+osvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsopx rp (

oxtwpqJ+sorqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<oxsxrrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oxtvru p rMJ

O[bS[S[\HowqvqvÄĄposvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqprxÄĄopttpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTqqxswss v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HououttÄĄoutrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqwquÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqrpvrw pw qMJ

ÄĄououttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HououttÄĄovrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqpsq

U\Ltptrqps pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqttwpu pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqttwpu qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ouorqpJ+osvrvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<ouorqpJ+osvrvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouorqpJ+osvrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<

oxtwotJ+sorptqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouorqpJ+osvrvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/S[\H<oxtwotJ+sorptqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owttquJ+vttptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtwotJ+sorptqtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouorqpJ+osvrvtS I[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovowtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotssopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovtvop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/ososqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otrrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ppÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pqQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]p5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpqU\@O^.W[QppOX[;ppS@O xt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]O[QLÇ&#x161;z[JU]

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?12


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsvqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ S[\H<pptwqxJ+strtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpptptt p 

M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ouoqouJ+ossroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<pptwqxJ+strtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9squrosp pp sMJ

ÄĄoxtppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsosuÄĄoxpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Koqvtuq r pMJ

outsopÄĄovsosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqqpptÄĄorqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžprsxt r rMJ

ospstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoqqpuÄĄppttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louottq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotsrpu\Oj[LoxtppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqvpw p (

owrsqqJ+vvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[9SGOO\Oj[L<potwssJ+prut

Â&#x201E;OT]opotttr p sMJ

Ç?O\Oj[L<poqusqJ+ppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLourqtq

QĂžTropwq v sMJ

otsrpuÄĄourqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxsoÄĄoptxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłvqrprso pw qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosqwosÄĄotpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqwpsÄĄ

U\Ltptqvtp pr qMJ

ppttpuÄĄopqwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopqtrpÄĄoqtrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqtttu pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtttu qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ouoptwJ+osspoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<pptwqqJ+strtpoSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H

\Oj[L<owrspuJ+vvroSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J

ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; 99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ S[\H<pptwqqJ+strtpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9S

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouoptwJ+osspo SI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrspuJ+vvroSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps

ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouoptwJ+osspoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

pptwqqJ+strtpoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L <owrspuJ+vvroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouoptwJ+osspoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VS[\H<

pptwqqJ+strtpoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrspuJ+vvroSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/ S[\H<pptwqqJ+strtpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouoptwJ+osspoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<

pptwqqJ+strtpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owrspuJ+vvroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovotopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowtorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpottsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oppqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotsootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovtrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpopopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/osooquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?13


pqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;prQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHprU\@O^.W[QpqOX[;pqS@O xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsuqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<opsurrJ+toposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqsqpp q 

XĆ&#x161;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pqtrtwJ+pvtustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

prvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqpsÄĄovqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9twrrtr pq sMJ

pprspqÄĄoqsosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrwrrÄĄotpvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koqwrvpp r pMJ

oqsosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroppuÄĄosrsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lououpr(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<owrrqpJ+vtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqppos q (

opsurrJ+toposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<potwosJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opptsw p sMJ

posoqrÄĄopoxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutspvÄĄoxpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrosvrp v sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtpÄĄorrwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptsoxÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqrxrq pw qMJ

ovptqsÄĄowswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporoorÄĄpptvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžprrrsv r rMJ

U\Ltptqrrq pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqttptt pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqttptt qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owrrpsJ+vsttSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<potossJ+pqtpptSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owrrpsJ+vsttSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<potossJ+pqtpptSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owrrpsJ+vsttSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opsuqtJ+topoqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<potossJ+

pqtpptSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owrrpsJ+vsttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opsuqtJ+topoqvt SI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owrrpsJ+vsttSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opsuqtJ+topoqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<potossJ+pqtpptSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LovopouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpotptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotruoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovsxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpooupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqqoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orturoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?14


prÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;psQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpsU\@O^.W[QprOX[;prS@O xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotstqoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<orprsrJ+trtppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqru r 

9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrqsoJ+qqutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

prtwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLowporrÄĄporxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqosqsv pr sMJ

O[bS[S[\HouovtxÄĄoutsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsprÄĄpprrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqxpqtv r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqqoqvÄĄopovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovpsrrÄĄ

ǜžprpur r qMJ

ovrtpvÄĄoxoqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louours(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<posxtoJ+pqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqtqop r (

orprsrJ+trtppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<pppvrrJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opqtqqp p sMJ

-X[ÄĄopoxpuÄĄoqswtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwrvÄĄotpwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrppvw v sMJ

-X[ÄĄoptrrtÄĄorqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxpuÄĄoptxor

Ç?Çłvqrtpq pw qMJ

owsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqvtuÄĄoroppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltptpxpu pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqtswss pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtswss qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<posxsqJ+pqswsoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<orprtvJ+trtptqtSI[+L[HH^T[

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<orprtvJ+

trtptqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv

pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posxsqJ+pqswsoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L

I[bL/\Oj[L<orprtvJ+trtptqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT

/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<posxsqJ+pqswsoS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<orprtvJ+trtptqtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowsqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oposrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotrqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovstprÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HpooqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqprsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ortqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?15


psÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;ptQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHptU\@O^.W[QpsOX[;psS@O xt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SOWÄźS[WTĂ­]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]OTS[QS[WR[Ă&#x160;[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsspwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ospstwJ+tuqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqroo s 

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvrvJ+qtpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ospstwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotsoppÄĄovpxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9urors ps rMJ

outsswÄĄoxpspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptrooÄĄotstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koqxsrs r pMJ

posvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxpxÄĄpqpxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžpqtttt r qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsvprÄĄpoqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqtpotÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lououtt(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<pqssqqJ+pvrvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orrorx s (

tuqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<pppxorJ+pssrvt

Â&#x201E;OT]oprtorq q pMJ

oxsxrsÄĄppqxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrwsqÄĄotpwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTrpsutu v sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwtvÄĄorrwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpspqÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqrosq pw qMJ

posvowÄĄpprrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptsptÄĄopqvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltptptr pr qMJ

ospwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqtstrs pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtstrs qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pqssruJ+pvrwroSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ospstpJ+tuqusoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S qsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqssruJ+pvrwroSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpx qpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ospstpJ+tuqusoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ospstpJ+tuqusoS I[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pppxpwJ+pstptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ospstpJ+tuqusoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoutrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lovsppv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqpqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UH S[\HLb=/orswrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?16


ptÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;puQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpuU\@O^.W[QptOX[;ptS@O xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<ospsqoJ+tuqtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorprqo t 

MS<oqpptuJ+qppxqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<osstrwJ+tvsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uptqxtu pt rMJ

opouorÄĄorqtpoQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrxpoÄĄovpxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpovpv r qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxpsppÄĄpooorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroppwÄĄ

ǜžpqrrqv r qMJ

pptuqxÄĄopqrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovpu(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<osstrwJ+tvsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osovrw t (

ospsqoJ+tuqtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<osrrsuJ+qvprtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]opsswsp q pMJ

\W\Ä­\Oj[L<potxqoJ+prpvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QĂžTrqputq v sMJ

porwtxÄĄopowtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsxopÄĄporwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvqqtuq pw qMJ

osrtooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrtooÄĄouowspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltptpots pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqtsqqr pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtsqqr qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqppswJ+qppxqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<popuqqJ+pprquoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9

S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<potxrrJ+prpwqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V \W+XH^T[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[S[\USH[\Oj[L<popuqqJ+pprquoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqppswJ+qppxqtSI[+L[Hqsu

wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqppswJ+qppxqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqppswJ+qppxqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ossttqJ+tvsustSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ossttqJ+tvsustSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<potxrrJ+prpwqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqppswJ+qppxqtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ossttqJ+tvsustSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LousxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LposooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqowpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqottpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?17


puÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pvQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]u5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpvU\@O^.W[QpuOX[;puS@Oxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqpsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<osstqqJ+tvstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losorss u 

MS<oroxruJ+qrsutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osstqqJ+tvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqwpquo pu rMJ

oxowroJ+wsttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwpoÄĄ

O^Kpoqtqp r qMJ

oqswsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqwtuÄĄouoxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovspruÄĄ

ǜžpqwsr r qMJ

posussÄĄpprropÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosposqÄĄotsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqtrxpr pp sMJ

owqvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsttrÄĄpopxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louovrv(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<osstqqJ+tvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ossrsp u (

osstqqJ+tvstroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ossxpwJ+qvttqo

Â&#x201E;OT]optsusw q pMJ

O½H]M[H\Oj[L<popupqJ+pprqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L\Oj[L<

QĂžTrqsutw v sMJ

ovpwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowowqoÄĄporwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowspÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqqtppp pw qMJ

oxpspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorqsqtÄĄosposqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Ltptusx pr qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowowqoÄĄowtwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovspruÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtrxpr qt qMJ

popxstÄĄpptrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqruÄĄpoqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<popuotJ+pprqpvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxqxJ+qrstsvtSI[+L[H

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160; @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<popuotJ+pprqpvtSI[+L[HO`V \QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oroxqxJ+qrstsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxqxJ+qrstsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS

\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osstpsJ+tvsvsoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxqxJ+

qrstsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osstpsJ+tvsvsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <osstpsJ+tvsvsoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<popuotJ+pprqpvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxqxJ+qrstsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<osstpsJ+ tvsvsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoustqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowrpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqtqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orowrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotqoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovrrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxtorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqosqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?18


pvÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pwQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]v5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpwU\@O^.W[QpvOX[;pvS@Oxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsppqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osstqvJ+tvswpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lostsqx v 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrusoJ+qstuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ospsqxJ+turrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpppppq pv rMJ

stwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsvttÄĄopowroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Kporvt r qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqrvqwÄĄosoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqvpxÄĄovpvqw

ǜžppspto r qMJ

oropqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrvpoÄĄovpppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrtqq

S[Č&#x2030;sqtruq pp sMJ

ÄĄotsqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louovtx(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ospsqxJ+turrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpxrq v (

osstqvJ+tvswpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osrrrsJ+qvpwro

Â&#x201E;OT]opusstq q qMJ

OS]j[L\Oj[L<oxowpsJ+wstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<ovruquJ+

QĂžTrrpvpr v sMJ

S[\HowqvtwÄĄposurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwttÄĄoptppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvqqsupp pw qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouoxqsÄĄouttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqvpxÄĄ

U\Ltptqsw pr qMJ

ÄĄouoxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouoxqsÄĄovruooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosptrw

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtruq qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrutuJ+qstuttSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxowqwJ+wststSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrutuJ+qstuttSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopppr

ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrutuJ+qstuttSI[+L[H9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ospsqqJ+turrSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxowqw J+wststSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orrutuJ+qstuttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ospsqqJ+turrSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouspqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LporqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orosrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpqooquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otottuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?19


pwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;pxQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpxU\@O^.W[QpwOX[;pwS@O xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ospsrrJ+turrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotsttu w 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrsrvJ+qstrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<orptoxJ+tsvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqsqtw pw rMJ

optrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLouquqtÄĄoxsvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kposqpx r qMJ

ouquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowqoÄĄoptwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutttqÄĄ

ǜžpppqts r qMJ

osqxpvÄĄotpxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorqqttÄĄosoxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqtrqtp pp sMJ

opqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopqpttÄĄoqswqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowqo(

I[+L[H>H^I­]\Oj[L<orptoxJ+tsvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottttx w (

ospsrrJ+turrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orswpwJ+qtqvto

Â&#x201E;OT]opvsqtt q qMJ

M\S<\Oj[L<ovrurpJ+stwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<otsqqtJ+

QĂžTrrsvru w pMJ

O[bS[S[\HovsptvÄĄoxpsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrupoÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqqspo pw qMJ

ovsptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpwrqÄĄorqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Ltpstwtp pr qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopwsuÄĄpptqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptqtwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtrqtp qt qMJ

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<pqsqquJ+ pvsrpo Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrstoJ+qstspoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovrustJ+stwtvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[9^ŌS[\USH[

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrstoJ+qstspoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrstoJ+qstspoSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppq pspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrstoJ+qstspoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orptorJ+tsvpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrustJ+stwtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrstoJ+qstspoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

orptorJ+tsvpqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowqrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqsstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotpqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxsqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppturpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?20


pxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qoQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqoU\@O^.W[QpxOX[;pxS@O xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<optosoJ+torwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lourwqt x 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqruopJ+qqqxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

opttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<orqwpsJ+tssqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wvtsrw px rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutuowÄĄoxpsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqoxÄĄoqrupo

O^Kposotx r qMJ

ÄĄorrxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoptopoÄĄoqrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžposqs r qMJ

9[TS[\HpoqwtsÄĄppttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowsp(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroupuJ+qrstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourrtp po (

optosoJ+torwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<otsqroJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]opwsott q qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtppÄĄovpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvpoÄĄopowox

QĂžTrspww w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrxoxÄĄotpxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswsx

Ç?Çłvqqrtso pw qMJ

oropqsÄĄosrtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoxrrÄĄowsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpststw pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqtqxsp pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtqxsp qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orouowJ+qrssttSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV \W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otsqstJ+opuqvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^

9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LS

MS<orouowJ+qrssttSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orouowJ+qrssttSI[+L[H.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< optorrJ+torwqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otsqstJ+opuqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<optorrJ+torwqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LourrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowpxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqspoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotowrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovqprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpptqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/optoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?21


qoÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qpQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqpU\@O^.W[QqoOX[;qo S@Oxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ooosrsJ+supttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovrqpt po 

oqpsrpJ+qprwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<ootvovJ+swqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqprwso qo rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxptÄĄotqootÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouporoÄĄoutuqt

O^Kporrs r qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovtxÄĄoptwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvsvÄĄ

ǜžpoxro r qMJ

opqutsÄĄoropquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrurtÄĄoxoqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxor(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovprtx pp (

opooqpJ+pwrqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ooosrsJ+supttqt

Â&#x201E;OT]opxrwts q qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowotqwÄĄporussÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovtxÄĄoqswsx

QĂžTrsswsw w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsoxÄĄpprptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsxrvÄĄorqpqu

Ç?Çłvqqropp pw qMJ

oporsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovowstÄĄowsrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltpstppo pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqtquro pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtquro qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpsstJ+qprwttSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ooosswJ+supuqvtSI[+L[H

Q9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< opoopsJ+pwrqrvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

ooosswJ+supuqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spr suvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpsstJ+qprwttSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqo qqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpsstJ+qprwttSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpsstJ+qprwttSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ooosswJ+

supuqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ooosswJ+supuqvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoops J+pwrqrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpsstJ+qprwttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ooosswJ+supuqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowptpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoqoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovpvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?22


qpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qqQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqqU\@O^.W[QqpOX[;qpS@O xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<poopttJ+spxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howqvro pp 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ppotrxJ+prswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<poopttJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPS[\H<popqqpJ+sprtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xtrtqt qp rMJ

orrxqpÄĄotqoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutuspÄĄoxpsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kpopwsp r qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxpsoxÄĄpostsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppquswÄĄ

ǜžoqxrtqq r pMJ

pptqosÄĄopqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsqrxÄĄpopvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxqs(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oposqvJ+pwstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtvpq pq (

spxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<owtstwJ+wqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]oqorutp q rMJ

\JLotrrptÄĄovpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxstsvÄĄppquswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrtpxrv w pMJ

opsxosÄĄotrwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptwqoÄĄorrxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvqqqsrq pw qMJ

pqpvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpostsvÄĄpprpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltpssvqt pr qMJ

9[TS[\HoqsuqoÄĄospqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqtqrqo pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtqrqo qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oposqoJ+pwstpvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppotrqJ+prswpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oposqoJ+pwstpvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oposqoJ+pwstpvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oposqoJ+pwstpvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[VS[\H<poopswJ+spwtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poopswJ+spwtvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppotrqJ+prswpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oposqoJ+pwstpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<

poopswJ+spwtvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqtsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqswtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LotoosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovprsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?23


qq…OU[:pqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSqr…OU[:>[ŃqrQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pq5\ÑTvpsO[+T[bJUqx…>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTqq…>Huru…QcHqrU\@O^.W[QqqOX[;qq S@Oxt\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrupoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ Q[J[L<ovsupxJ+rtrqso„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqsoo pq 

O[TO\Oj[L<owttswJ+wquqqt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOQ[J[L<ovsupx

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

;S„R[;Ƕ¾Q[J[L<ovpvrqJ+rsqosqt„Mj[I[+L[HÓƬ-Q`HbR[;

„@[T[9xpxsqqx qq rMJ

-X[ġporttqġopovso„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstpvġporttq

O^Koqxtwq r pMJ

osruqr„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosruqrġoupppt„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxsu(

LOQ]LíÊØOG[\Oj[L<pprxrvJ+ptpttt„Mj[I[+L[HK\LƊ[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowssox pr (

J+rtrqso„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<ourssoJ+qrttvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]oqprsst q rMJ

S[\HopoqswġorpxtxQbXŃbR[;\JLotrqpvġovprqx„Mj[

QþTrttorr w pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpsoxġoxtxtr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroproġ

Ǐdzvqqpwss pw qMJ

pptspqġoppxtv„Mj[(

Ƕ¾oqwtxtp r pMJ

U\Ltpssrsu pr qMJ S[ȉsqtqox pp sMJ

„9H^poqtqox qt qMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[JS;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<pprxqxJ+ptptrtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oursttJ+qrurtSI[+L[H9^Ŧ

S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LL+U[;H[S[ÑbH½9

\Oj[L<poososJ+pppxqvtSI[+L[H9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h] .\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ń\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owttsoJ+wquqtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń

\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oursttJ+qrurtSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<pprxqxJ+ptptrtSI[+L[Hqsuvx ppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<poososJ+pppxqvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr qtquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pprxqxJ+ptptrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<poososJ+pppxqvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ

8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<ovsuprJ+rtrqqt

SI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owttsoJ+wquqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<pprxqxJ+ptptrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovsuprJ+rtrqqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@ :[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Q[\S121

M[\ď24


TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouqpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LowovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpopqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovoxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppsosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?25


qrÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qsQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x2026;>HpqoP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqsU\@O^.W[QqrOX[;qr S@Oxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<otqqswJ+qxrupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqppp pr 

\Oj[L<owqsrvJ+vprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osoxopJ+turspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9portuts qr sMJ

ovpqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoworqsÄĄportqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovrpÄĄ

O^Koqxrpqv r pMJ

oxpspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpxpuÄĄosostsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžoqwqrpo r pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoworqsÄĄowtsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsqtsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqtputw pp sMJ

popuqvÄĄpptpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqsuÄĄpoqwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupoow(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<pootosJ+ppqptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxrtps ps (

ourttrJ+qrwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<otqqswJ+qxrupvt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqqrqrw q rMJ

Q[J[L<ospuprJ+qusxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrpqpÄĄ

QĂžTruqprw w pMJ

oqswtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosroptÄĄoupprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqtsÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqqpqsu pw qMJ

postqvÄĄpprpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosostsÄĄotrupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpssopo pr qMJ

owqwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowspqtÄĄpopuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtputw qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<poostuJ+ppqprvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owqstqJ+vprsvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U

ÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ourtsuJ+

qrwsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp

prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poostuJ+ppqprvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt quLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqstqJ+vprsvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poostuJ+ppqprvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owqstqJ+vprsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otqqsqJ+

qxruqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourtsuJ+qrwsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<otqqsqJ+qxruqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owqstqJ+vprsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LoworqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqspoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LostqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovotttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orprptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?26


qsÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qtQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ps5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTqsÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqtU\@O^.W[QqsOX[;qsS@Oxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtuosJ+qrrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpppwov ps 

M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<oustqsJ+rxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+qrrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<opsqpuJ+torptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popwptqp qs sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsspuÄĄopovqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqwrwÄĄ

O^Koqwtxqu r pMJ

ososouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqpppÄĄovpptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžoqvstrq r pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotroqsÄĄovotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosruswÄĄoupqoo

S[Č&#x2030;sqtprsw pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louporo(

I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<owqttoJ+vpupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lporoqq pt (

O\G@\Oj[L<ospoptJ+turvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtuos

Â&#x201E;OT]oqrroqx q sMJ

O[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opppsoJ+pxposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

QĂžTrutqto w qMJ

postpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuqqÄĄopsvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrrooÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqqusp pw qMJ

oupqooÄĄoutvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquqsÄĄoropruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpsruso pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupqooÄĄovrvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoxsvÄĄotrtpp

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtprsw qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owqtsrJ+vptttSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<opsqoxJ+torpsoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oustpuJ+

rxqvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ 

\Oj[L<owqtsrJ+vptttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L< opsqoxJ+torpsoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvw popqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owqtsrJ+vptttSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsqu qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oustpuJ+rxqvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oustpuJ+rxqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<owqtsrJ+vptttSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtttwJ+qrrprqt SI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owqtsrJ+vptttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtttwJ+qrrprqtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oustpuJ+rxqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LouprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpoosrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqqpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LovoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxpxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpprqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oproqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oroxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S121

M[\Ä?27


qtÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;quQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHquU\@O^.W[QqtOX[;qt S@Oxt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]OÇł\IL]59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrptO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pqroqtJ+pvrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqprst pt 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<otporoJ+txpstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGO[TO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ssrrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<poowpsJ+pprutqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqrspx qt sMJ

\JLouqoqoÄĄoxsrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsrpwÄĄoxpsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koqwqqrv r pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutvtpÄĄovsrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuoqÄĄorpvtp

ǜžoqvvpq r pMJ

osorpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoptrsÄĄpptotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupotq(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ousupuJ+rpptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqwtw pu (

\Oj[L<pqroqtJ+pvrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<pppwsvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]oqsqwpw q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ovowpsJ+sxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTrvqspo w qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqxqxÄĄouqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopovpsÄĄoptwot

Ç?Çłvqqoqv pw qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrosoÄĄotqprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpvtpÄĄ

U\Ltpsrrps pr qMJ

pptotuÄĄopqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppwrqÄĄoqsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqtporv pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtporv qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ousupoJ+rppsqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otpoqsJ+txpsrtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousupoJ+rppsqtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ousupoJ+rppsqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otpoqsJ+ txpsrtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ousupoJ+rppsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<otpoqsJ+txpsrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ousupoJ+rppsqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

pqropwJ+pvrqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqropwJ+pvrqqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[ :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pooxrsJ+ppsqroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousupoJ+ rppsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqropwJ+pvrqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otpoqsJ+txpsrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pooxrsJ+ppsqro SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?28


TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LoupoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovttrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LpooossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqpvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosstopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxptpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orotqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?29


quÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qvQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUrÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqvU\@O^.W[QquOX[;qu S@Oxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<poporrJ+ppsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opovox

owoortJ+uqqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<poporrJ+ppsstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppputopv qv pMJ

uqqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<ovoxovJ+sppqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqvspst r pMJ

otqwrsÄĄovpoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsptÄĄopovouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžoquqwqr q sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorrxtuÄĄotqptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqswtxÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqtvqu pp sMJ

oropsrÄĄosrvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovosotÄĄowrxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupppt(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqwrs\Oj[LoxsrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

pu O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqroop pv (

otppqsJ+txpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<orstqqJ+ttssptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]oqtqut q sMJ

S[\H<oxortwJ+rwtwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<owoortJ+

QĂžTrvttrv w qMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<ospvqsJ+tvsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvqptss pw qMJ

outwowÄĄoxpspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpproqoÄĄoqrpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpsqxts pr qMJ

orrxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsuqtÄĄoqrpsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtvqu qt qMJ

9[TS[\HpoqvtvÄĄpptropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<orstptJ+ttsrtvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ospvrwJ+tvsttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovoxqqJ+spqS I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ospvrwJ+tvsttSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV

\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orstptJ+ttsrtvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< orstptJ+ttsrtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poposvJ+

ppstrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poposvJ+ppstrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<owooqxJ+uqqqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovoxqqJ+spqS I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

poposvJ+ppstrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<

orstptJ+ttsrtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<owooqxJ+uqqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LououorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovtpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxtuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosspotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoutsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxppptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppqtosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oropqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S121

M[\Ä?30


qv…OU[:pqpQ[\S„T/M[9M[pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSqw…OU[:>[ŃqwQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pv5\ÑTvpsO[+T[bJUs…OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTqv…>Huru…QcHqwU\@O^.W[QqvOX[;qv S@Oxt\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbObQS[@ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<owoproJ+uqsrt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/optvto

\Oj[L<oqrsptJ+tqswsqt„Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<ououpvJ+prwsvt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J„R[;

„@[T[9ootxto p pMJ

J+toqxpt„Mj[I[+L[H„WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLowoosuġporrtq

O^Koqutvss r pMJ

„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houprpoġoutwqv„Mj[-X[ġoxpspuġpproou

Ƕ¾oqtsxqq q sMJ

optwoo„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hpqptqqġopoorx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[ȉsqtspu pp sMJ

9[TS[\Hovrworġoxoqtv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupprv(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<ououpvJ+prwsvt„Mj[I[+L[HI[\>LíÊ-\LjL]

pv O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oprqqv pw (

owoproJ+uqsrt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<ovopsrJ+rrttvt„Mj[

„OT]oquqrto q sMJ

Ñ]\H\Oj[L<ospwpvJ+tvurqt„Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ɛ[L\Oj[L<oprwqw

QþTrwqvpq w qMJ

„Mj[-X[ġopoutwġoqsxoq„Mj[-X[ġorsoosġotqqow

Ǐdzvqpsvrs pw qMJ

„Mj[-X[ġopstttġorpuqw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoutwġ

U\Ltpsqurw pr qMJ

ovorqpġowrxoq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopquouġoropsv„Mj[(

„9H^poqtspu qt qMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<oqrsovJ+tqswqqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oqrsov J+tqswqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L< oqrsovJ+tqswqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<owopqrJ+uqspvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<

ououpoJ+prwroSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<owopqrJ+uqspvtS

I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oqrsovJ+tqswqqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L< ououpoJ+prwroSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Louoqow„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovsvst„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxtqtq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqoxru„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqqtpw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losrvox„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Loutopp„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UHS[\Hoxovqo„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppqpow„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppwso„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvrq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqurw„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď31


qwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;qxQK^W^KLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqxU\@O^.W[QqwOX[;qw S@Oxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotroqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ouovppJ+pspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqstsx

opsptrJ+torxuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGU9^\L\Oj[L<ouovppJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<osrpqvJ+tvsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½S[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opstxtt q pMJ

ovoxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsqqqÄĄppqsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsopqÄĄ

O^Koqupprs q sMJ

otrpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptvtwÄĄorsopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžoqtpoqr q sMJ

9^\T9S[\HpossspÄĄppqxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptopoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqtpt pp sMJ

oqsptsÄĄosourvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqoo(

I[\>\Oj[L<osrpqvJ+tvsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<

pw O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtqo px (

pspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<otpuquJ+qxrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;

Â&#x201E;OT]oqvqprs r pMJ

pppsrxJ+ssqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotqusuÄĄ

QĂžTrwtwtr w qMJ

otqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutwstÄĄoxpspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstqtÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqpsott pw qMJ

oxpspwÄĄpossspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsruÄĄpqptsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpsqrqv pr qMJ

opquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrwqwÄĄpopspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poqtpt qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<opspstJ+torxsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

opspstJ+torxsoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opspstJ+torxso

SI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osrpsoJ+tvssqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<opspstJ+torxsoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[

8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ouovosJ+psostSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L <osrpsoJ+tvssqvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouovosJ+psostSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<opspstJ+torxsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osrpsoJ+tvssqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovsrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxswtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosrrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHS[\HoxorqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpppvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?32


qxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x2026;OU[:>[Ĺ&#x192;p\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHp9[bTL.W[QqxOX[;qx S@Oxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<osrptxJ+tvstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrprt

\Oj[L<oppqpqJ+sxqvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGL[;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<orqoqqJ+tsswqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqwsvts r pMJ

pqtxtoÄĄorptovQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqttrÄĄovowpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koqtqsqo q sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxpsqpÄĄoxtxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroptvÄĄ

ǜžoqsrpsp q sMJ

pptqppÄĄoppussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqqr(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<orqoqqJ+tsswqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[

px O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorrwov qo (

osrptxJ+tvstptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrovJ+quwt

Â&#x201E;OT]oqwpxpu r pMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PLS[\H<oxowtpJ+rxpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QĂžTrxrosq w qMJ

porrovÄĄopoussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxspttÄĄporrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvqprspo pw qMJ

osrvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrvtvÄĄouprtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltpsqoqq pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqstvtt pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqstvtt qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortqtxJ+quvstSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oppqosJ+sxqvrvtS

I[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM; H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< ortqtxJ+quvstSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oppqosJ+sxqvrvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopq psptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orqoptJ+tsswtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT Â&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oppqosJ+ sxqvrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<orqoptJ+tsswtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

orqoptJ+tsswtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortqtxJ+quvstSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

oppqosJ+sxqvrvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<orqoptJ+tsswtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pqopssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LousqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppprptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opposwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?33


roÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;q\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qo5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;>HuruÂ&#x2026;QcHq9[bTL.W[QroOX[;roS@Oxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwrsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oqrttuJ+tqtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ospttr

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtsrxJ+qrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+rstwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotqtopÄĄovovruÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqqpto s pMJ

-X[ÄĄosrpsvÄĄoupsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovssptÄĄoxpsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqsrvw q sMJ

ppqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortwsoÄĄotqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžoqrtrrp q sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowrvqpÄĄpoprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoprrpÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqsv(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<opoxpoJ+sxqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

qo O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lossorr qp (

oqrttuJ+tqtxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<ovqspv

Â&#x201E;OT]oqxputu r pMJ

-X[ÄĄovtwtrÄĄporqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopourvÄĄoqsxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpoqrw w rMJ

-X[ÄĄorprsrÄĄortwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpossorÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqpqvpv pw qMJ

ovtwtrÄĄowtoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovssptÄĄowqxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpspvqq pr qMJ

ppsxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxoqttÄĄpoqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqstsss pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqstsss qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<opoxoqJ+sxqqpoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

opoxoqJ+sxqqpoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opoxoqJ+sxqqpoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqrtsxJ+

tqtxvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oqrtsxJ+tqtxvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqrtsxJ+tqtxvtSI[+L[H MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtsrpJ+qrsrstSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L

<opoxoqJ+sxqqpoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqrtsxJ+tqtxvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LottopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovrttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxsposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqprrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppoxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqstssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?34


p„@DpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSq„@D>[Ńr\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qp5\ÑTvpsO[+T[bJUw…OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTp…OU[:uru…QcHr9[bTL.W[Qp„@DpU[ O[Lxt \X@S] W[+¾[\ļX\QH/ro…OU[:pqpQ[\S vpssqo /bS/ J+ssrwrt <qrqoSWQj  >ŁLR[Ê[Ø]MSǶS[Q@jļ]-íjH`H]j[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<oqqpoqJ+tqqspvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostxrs

.Í­[9SG…H\HT„O\LSMS<oqqsrwJ+qqrppo„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

J+rprvqvt„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLorsorxġoupssu„Mj[

„@[T[9pqtsoqv t pMJ

-X[ġorprotġotqvso„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLotqspoġouptrq

O^Koqrtpv q sMJ

ovoutt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Houpssuġoutxrw„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾oqrpuw q rMJ

-X[ġosrwquġoupssu„Mj[(9[TS[\Houpssuġovrwtr„Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louprpo(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LíÊQ`;\US[\Oj[L<oprstwJ+toqxvt„Mj[I[+L[H

qp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotsqro qq (

<oqqpoqJ+tqqspvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<ouorox

„OT]popsrs r qMJ

O[bS[S[\Houtxrwġovssqx„Mj[-X[ġppqwsvġopsrqq„Mj[

QþTrporssp w rMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoxspoqġpqptox„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouptrqġ

Ǐdzvqpqopv pw qMJ

opqtsvġoroqov„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqspoġovooqx„Mj[

U\Ltpspsqv pr qMJ

-X[ġosorrrġotqvso„Mj[(

S[ȉsqstprr pp sMJ

„9H^poqstprr qt qMJ O^KO\¾

ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

XSM;H[S[ÑbH½9„O\LSMS<oqqsrpJ+qqrotqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oprtpqJ+toqxsqtSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ „O\LSMS<oqqsrpJ+ qqrotqtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsu vxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oprtpqJ+toqxsqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqp qrqtquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< oqqppuJ+tqqstqtSI[+L[HQ^ż[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(„O\LSMS<oqqsrpJ+qqrotqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oprtpqJ+toqxsqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqqppuJ+tqqstqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö„QVS[\UH\Oj[Lotsuqs„Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[Lovrqoo„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loxrvow„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pptrtq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH„OL^9[oqoxrt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[Losqpqv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Loursqw„Mj[(

O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owtpru„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hppotqs„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqtv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqspsw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospotr„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď35


qÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;s\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qq5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHs9[bTL.W[QqÂ&#x201E;@DqU[ O[Lxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqusuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oqrvqxJ+trvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otsrrp

O\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtpsJ+qqrssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLovoupsÄĄoxsoruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qwsrpv u pMJ

posrsxÄĄpqtwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrqpuÄĄotqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koqrvqo q rMJ

ortvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopqsuÄĄppsxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louprrs(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<oqrpqoJ+tqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SG

qq O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lousrsv qr (

oqrvqxJ+trvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\HQ[J[L<otouoxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pppqpo r qMJ

pqpstwÄĄoqsxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouptppÄĄovsssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrpputo w rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosrqpuÄĄotqrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpqqvÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqpprpo pw qMJ

ppsxptÄĄopqtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppsttÄĄoqrwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqqrxst q rMJ

U\Ltpspprw pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqsswqr pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqsswqr qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oqrprtJ+tqtqstSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqrprtJ+

tqtqstSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[ TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oqrprtJ+

tqtqstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqrvqpJ+trvpoSI[+L[H P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

oqrprtJ+tqtqstSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqrvqpJ+trvpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtouJ+qqrsqvt

SI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqrprtJ+tqtqstSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqrvqpJ+trvpoS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotsqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxrrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqotrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LospvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LourorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HppopqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?36


rÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;t\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qr5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHt9[bTL.W[QrÂ&#x201E;@DrU[ O[Lxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqttrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<orqsoxJ+ttupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqwqu qs 

OOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtuswJ+qrttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<orqsox

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLowswrxÄĄporpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqprosr v pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorturpÄĄossppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsxquÄĄ

O^Koqqqusv q rMJ

oroqpxÄĄosrwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutxovÄĄowrtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louprtw(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<ortvrxJ+tuqxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovssoq qs (

J+ttupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_TQ[J[L<osrrrxJ+qvtvtt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqxst r qMJ

oxpsqoÄĄpqprotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqqvÄĄorpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTrpprxu w rMJ

orsotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsqqvÄĄoqqvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvqpttv pw qMJ

9[TS[\HpoqutvÄĄpptossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqqsru q rMJ

U\Ltpswts pr qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqsstpq pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqsstpq qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orqsqsJ+ttutoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ortvtrJ+turorqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<orqsqsJ+ttutoSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ortvtrJ+turorqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orqsqsJ+ttutoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ortvtrJ+turorqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ortvtrJ+turorqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orqsqsJ+ttutoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtusoJ+qrttqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orqsqsJ+ttutoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ortvtrJ+turorqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqopsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosprrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqttosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?37


sÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;u\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHu9[bTL.W[QsÂ&#x201E;@DsU[ O[Lxt \X@S]>Ĺ LVĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtopO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<osrxpxJ+twpuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louqwqu qs 

<ottppwJ+pputÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<osqspoJ+qvruptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rsrtw w pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspowÄĄosrqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupuooÄĄovooru

O^Koqptoqp q rMJ

orspowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrqstÄĄotqsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqxswÄĄ

ǜžoqprotr q rMJ

pqpqsxÄĄpqtvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutwqwÄĄowrtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqssqp pp sMJ

oxorptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsqq(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<ortvppJ+tuqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovssoq qs (

ortvtsJ+qurortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osrxpxJ+twpuvt

Â&#x201E;OT]prvpw r qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqpsoÄĄovturqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxsvÄĄpqpsrx

QĂžTrpqppqw w rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqsxÄĄoqqurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqsxrpÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqotwrw pw qMJ

oxtxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopoupuÄĄoptvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Ltpsupu pr qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqtrwÄĄoroqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrxrwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqssqp qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ottprqJ+ppusoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ

\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottprqJ+ppuso

SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<osrxpoJ+twptstSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osrxpoJ+twptstSI[+L[H

H[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortwowJ+qurppoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[

XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<osrxpoJ+twptstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

ottprqJ+ppusoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppsqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosoxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpotrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqtpowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqroooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?38


tÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;v\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHv9[bTL.W[QtÂ&#x201E;@DtU[ O[Lxt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];Ăž[/Q[S@SQ

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqspoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<osrwowJ+twprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovpssw qt 

ottoroJ+ppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<owovpwJ+utwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<otqtpwJ+ropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oupvroJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpuqstw w sMJ

I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLovtttxÄĄppqqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptvtsÄĄ

O^Koqppwsx q rMJ

opsprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqsvÄĄpqpsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžoqotwsw q rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrsstÄĄpoppsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrvpsÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupssu(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<oupvroJ+qqrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howsqru qt (

I[+L[HQ<[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osrwowJ+twprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]pssto r rMJ

qqrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­Q[J[L<osrstsJ+qwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpqsrtu w rMJ

otqssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupuqtÄĄoxtxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqrrÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqotppr pw qMJ

posrrpÄĄppqwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppswrxÄĄopqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpsrsr pr qMJ

osoosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqsrwtp pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqsrwtp qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ottoqqJ+pprstSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owovppJ+utvstSI[+L[H\W+X S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[

@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owovppJ+utvstSI[+L[H \QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpo pqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottoqqJ+pprstSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owovppJ+utvstSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottoqqJ+pprstSI[+L[H<SS9[Q

-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

oupvqqJ+qqrpqtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owovppJ+utvstSI[+L[HK[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupvqqJ+qqrpqtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupvqqJ+qqrpqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottoqqJ+pprstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oupvqqJ+qqrpqtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?39


TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotrospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxqpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HposxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqquosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orttpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

uÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;v\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHv9[bTL.W[QuÂ&#x201E;@DuU[ O[Lxt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];Ăž[/Q[S@SQ

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrpxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oupuqoJ+qqorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowoqsw qu 

<owouowJ+uttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oupuqoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owpprrJ+vporvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqwrupu x sMJ

ouputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoppuÄĄoxpsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqpwÄĄ

O^Koqotqsv q rMJ

otqootÄĄoupptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrxooÄĄppqqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqoqwqx q rMJ

oxtxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqrxÄĄosrxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louptpp(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<owpprrJ+vporvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxrwss qu (

qqorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ovpqroJ+rsspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]ptqqo r rMJ

otopqwJ+qxprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLorspqxÄĄ

QĂžTrprpurp w rMJ

oqqtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsqvÄĄotqrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvqosrsr pw qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrxooÄĄporosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpsrsÄĄ

U\Ltpsppv pr qMJ

osrxstÄĄouputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptootÄĄopprqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqsrtso pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqsrtso qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?40


@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<owouopJ+utstoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[ O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<porvtvJ+prpurvtSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[ WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<owouopJ+utstoS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu

wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owouopJ+utstoSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqt qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porvtvJ+prpurvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q -9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

oupuprJ+qqoqoSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owouopJ+

utstoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owppswJ+ vppptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porvtvJ+prpurvtSI[+L[H

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oupuprJ+qqoqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oupuprJ+qqoqoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owppswJ+vppptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oupuprJ+qqoqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owppswJ+vppptSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<porvtvJ+prpurvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovpqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxpvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L pprspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHQ[J[LosopsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpostssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?41


vÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;w\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHw9[bTL.W[QvÂ&#x201E;@DvU[ O[Lxt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WO-9S[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<owpoqsJ+vvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowtqpv qv 

OO\Oj[L<owpoqsJ+vvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxppruJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpsprÄĄoqsxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sposott po sMJ

ortrsvÄĄotqqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoupppoÄĄovoroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqorqss q rMJ

owsusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsttwÄĄowropxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžoqoow q rMJ

9[TS[\HoxorrsÄĄpoqusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptrt(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<porutuJ+prpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporpss qv (

rxsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HQ[J[L<otrvqsJ+rostpt

Â&#x201E;OT]pttxsw r rMJ

oupvpuÄĄowropxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtuqsÄĄoroxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrprsxpq w sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrwrvÄĄporoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtstsÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqoruv pw qMJ

owrrswÄĄpoppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoppoqÄĄppswpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltprtwtu pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqsrqqx pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqsrqqx qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<poruswJ+prprstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<poruswJ+prprstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpopwJ+vvroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poruswJ+prprstSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poprosJ+ pqpupvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<owpopwJ+vvroS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<poprosJ+pqpupvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owpopwJ+vvroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<poruswJ+prprstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<poprosJ+pqpupvtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UH\Oj[LotqqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UH\Oj[LovowquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[L ppropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[opsttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LoupotrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpospswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?42


wÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;x\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHx9[bTL.W[QwÂ&#x201E;@DwU[ O[Lxt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]W]H[LOQ]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<poppsqJ+pqpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxsqsw qw 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<poppsqJ+pqpqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+rqqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLorsptqÄĄoupvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqqsqpv pp rMJ

-X[ÄĄorowtqÄĄotqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpwrrÄĄoupoqx

O^Koqopwtx q rMJ

ovoqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupvspÄĄovoptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžopxrrtp q qMJ

-X[ÄĄossopwÄĄoupvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupvspÄĄovsospÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuoo(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprqxJ+pxsvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppqpow qw (

S[\H<pppqtrJ+sssttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L<oupuru

Â&#x201E;OT]putvpt r sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovoptvÄĄovsuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvrrÄĄopsoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpsqptx w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrwptÄĄpqpsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupoqxÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqoqwqv pw qMJ

opqtrpÄĄoroqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpwrrÄĄoutttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Ltprtuso pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄortwsoÄĄotqpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqsqxpx pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqsqxpx qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprssJ+pxsvtvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<pppqsvJ+ssstrtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ S[\H<pppqsvJ+

ssstrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsu vpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprssJ+pxsvtvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqq

qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprssJ+pxsvtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprssJ+pxsvtvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<popptvJ+pqprroSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<popptvJ+pqprroSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opprssJ+pxsvtvtSI[+L[HM^S[@^L[9

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H <pppqsvJ+ssstrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovosroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxoxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppquqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LououtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqsos

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orsrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?43


xÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;po\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHpo9[bTL.W[QxÂ&#x201E;@DxU[ O[Lxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqotqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<pqpoqwJ+pvppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporrto qx 

XĆ&#x161;[9SG;S\Oj[L<pqpoqwJ+pvppsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rrtspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLovoptoÄĄoxrvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tssrtr pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄposrprÄĄpqttsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosrsotÄĄotquou

O^Koqoppst q rMJ

ortqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopoqtÄĄppsvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuqt(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsutoJ+qupqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqoutr qx (

opourwJ+sxrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<outprpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pvtssp r sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqprtwÄĄoqtooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupwovÄĄovsuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpststq w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrsotÄĄotquouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorowpxÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqoqosq pw qMJ

ppsvtwÄĄopqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppqqoÄĄoqrtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopxxst q qMJ

U\Ltprtsrp pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqsquw pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqsquw qt qMJ O^KO\ž

Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvosJ+quprpoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orsvosJ+quprpoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqposqJ+pvpqptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvosJ+quprpoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvos J+quprpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqposqJ+pvpqptSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqposqJ+pvpqptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< orsvosJ+quprpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LovoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LouoropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqoox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqpoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otppopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?44


poÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ro5\Ă&#x2018;TvpsO[+T[bJUpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTpoÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHpp9[bTL.W[QpoÂ&#x201E;@Dpo U[ O[Lxt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]bQ[\XL]59[JU]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9^Ä&#x161;SQbX[¢WOT\QH/ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqootO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optvqqJ+qpsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqstr ro 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optvqqJ+qpsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rsttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLowstqwÄĄpoqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpusxpv pr rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HortptqÄĄosrttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtooxÄĄ

O^Koqoppw q rMJ

ororppÄĄossotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutsstÄĄowrqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louputo(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Q[J[L<ouovrtJ+rqupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsxpu ro (

oqssppJ+trrxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<ovptpuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pwtqt r sMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxpstwÄĄpqppqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxrsÄĄorovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTrptqvto w sMJ

orsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprxrsÄĄoqqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvqopqtr pw qMJ

9[TS[\HpoqurwÄĄppsxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopwsvtu q qMJ

U\Ltprtqqw pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqsqqtv pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqsqqtv qt qMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twsvpt Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ouovqwJ+rquSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouovqw

J+rquSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

optvptJ+qpsoqvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LTX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L 9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ouovqwJ+rquSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[TX=

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< optvptJ+qpsoqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optvptJ+qpsoqvtSI[+L[H M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optvptJ+qpsoqvtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouovqwJ+rquSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouturwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoxopsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LottxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpupr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HporoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqouqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?45


ppÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHpq9[bTL.W[QppÂ&#x201E;@DppU[ O[L xt\X@S]M^ÇłbV[ÄĄQÇł\ĂŤL]\M\MH9]Ç&#x161;z[JU] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsowJ+qtpxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqptso p 

\>Ă&#x160;[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owovtoJ+rvwsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tusustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<ovqqtoJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqxpsv ps qMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrvpsÄĄpqprsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqqwÄĄosrsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqopvv q rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtopvÄĄorsqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrsrwÄĄotqusx

ǜžopwqwqw q qMJ

optwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqppoxÄĄpqttppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;sqspxsv pp sMJ

9[TS[\HovsprqÄĄoxososÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvpu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotpuqp\Oj[LoxrvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqwto p (

<orqsowJ+qtpxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ortwqpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pxsxqv r sMJ

rtpupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotpuqpÄĄovtqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrpuott w sMJ

O[bS[S[\HoupwtxÄĄovoropÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppoxÄĄoqqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvqostx pw qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrporÄĄoxtxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopottuÄĄ

U\Ltprtorp pr qMJ

outsppÄĄowrqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqtroÄĄororqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poqspxsv qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsoqJ+qtpxpqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owovsrJ+rvwqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsoqJ+

qtpxpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqo qqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owovsrJ+rvwqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsoqJ+qtpxpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsoqJ+qtpxpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsoqJ+

qtpxpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owovsrJ+rvwqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoutqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowtvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpppsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opropuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoquotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oqoqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orrprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?46


pq„@DpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSpr„@D>[Ńpr\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]q„QvpsO[+T[bJUpx…OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTpq…OU[:uru…QcHpr9[bTL.W[Qpq„@Dpq U[ O[Lxt\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwrrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<osqsrwJ+qvtqqvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/„OL^9[opouou q 

\OU[:[9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<ortvrxJ+tust„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HTQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;OS]j[LQ[J[L<ovoxrpJ+rsssso„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9uppqsqr pt qMJ

otqvpp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houpxquġoxtxow„Mj[-X[ġpqpotvġ

O^Koqoqxrv q rMJ

posrosġppqvop„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvrrġopqtrp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾opwppqt q qMJ

ortuox„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvsp(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊlj[H]S[\H<oxspswJ+sptqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqoupw q (

osqsrwJ+qvtqqvt„Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osssouJ+twsqsvt

„OT]pposusw s pMJ

M\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLovtqqtġppqpqt„Mj[-X[ġoptwpoġ

QþTrpurst w sMJ

oprwto„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqpqtġpqprso„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzvpxtvr pw pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrpruġpooxrs„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoqrrsuġ

U\Ltprswso pr qMJ S[ȉsqspuru pp sMJ

„9H^poqspuru qt qMJ ǏdzO\¾

Ƕ¾O\¾ U\LO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[W[K9S[\H<oxspsqJ+sptvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHS[\H<oxspsqJ+sptvtSI[+L[Hqsuw xppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osqsrpJ+qvtqpoSI[+L[H L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<

oxspsqJ+sptvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚS[\H<oxspsqJ+sptvtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqsrpJ+qvtqpoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[; „J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Q[J[L<osqsrpJ+qvtqpoS I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxspsqJ+sptvtS I[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louswst„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowtrts„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lppporv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

„OL^9[opquqo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[orrwpq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lottppr„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH„WŁ[owowqo

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hpoqqox„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpqpxsp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/optwrr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orqvso„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxpq„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď47


prÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;ps\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHps9[bTL.W[QprÂ&#x201E;@Dpr U[ O[Lxt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]LS\W+X>H^­JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<osttpwJ+qxposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optuqs r 

-L^S[K[9SG;S\Oj[L<ossrqtJ+twsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Q[J[L<ourqtpJ+rrpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqrtxrt pu qMJ

oxptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqposuÄĄoqqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortoosÄĄ

O^Koqoswqw q rMJ

oxrurvÄĄppqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrurvÄĄpoqwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopvtuto q qMJ

osspsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosspsuÄĄoupxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwov(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[S[\H<posupvJ+srswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqsqqu r (

osttpwJ+qxposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ostxpsJ+txqqpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pppssw s pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorsqtsÄĄoupxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovorssÄĄ

QĂžTrpvvqo x pMJ

otpvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpstxÄĄouovpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpxsxr pw pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxptpxÄĄoxtxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLororrxÄĄ

U\Ltprsutt pr qMJ

ppswtoÄĄoppposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqsprqt pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqsprqt qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<osttrqJ+qxppqqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<posupoJ+srsvtvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Q[J[L<osttrqJ+qxppqqtSI[+L[HO`V

\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H S[\H<posupoJ+srsvtvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osttrqJ+qxppqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<posupoJ+srsvtvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<posupoJ+srsvtvtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<osttrqJ+qxppqqtSI[+L[H Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ(Q[J[L<osttrqJ+qxppqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<posupoJ+srsvtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppouspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opqqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotsvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HpopwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orqrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?48


psÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pt\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTpsÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHpt9[bTL.W[QpsÂ&#x201E;@DpsU[ O[Lxt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9^Q­@jÄź]Ă&#x2DC;]Q[KO]M_\G­Q[cOU[:]M_\G­Q[Ă&#x2DC;]O^Ä­M_\G­Q[ P;O[LO^Ä­S.\O­P[O\H\I Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;SN^TbJ[T;bĹ&#x201E;Ç&#x2C6;S]M^@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<osttooJ+qxppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqsutr s 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ostwtuJ+txqprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UOQ[J[L<otrpqoJ+rosqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vusxpp pv qMJ

owrpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtsqqÄĄorotsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxroÄĄ

O^Koqpprro q rMJ

oxrupxÄĄpoqwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtprpÄĄowsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopvsssq q qMJ

pooxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooxosÄĄppsvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwrr(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[S[\H<ppqoppJ+stpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orpwou s (

osttooJ+qxppsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ossrqwJ+twssro

Â&#x201E;OT]ppqspqu s pMJ

\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprrpÄĄoqtosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqopxÄĄ

QĂžTrpvsosp x pMJ

otpvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouousrÄĄoutxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpxsouo pw pMJ

9^\T9S[\HovsvtrÄĄowrpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrosxÄĄ

U\Ltprstpu pr qMJ

oxosroÄĄpoquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqspopt pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqspopt qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<ppqoqtJ+stptptSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<oststpJ+qxppqoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spr

tvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppqoqtJ+stptptSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqq qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[

Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<oststpJ+qxppqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H <ppqoqtJ+stptptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[TX=9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<oststpJ+

qxppqoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Q[J[L<oststpJ+qxppqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;

Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<ppqoqtJ+stptptSI[+L[H XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LousottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LppoqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotsrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owooqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqppsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/optospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?49


ptÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pu\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHpu9[bTL.W[QptÂ&#x201E;@DptU[ O[Lxt \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbOOS[H Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<osqsotJ+qvtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorrwop t 

O[TO\Oj[L<ossrpoJ+twsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<osqsotJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Q[J[L<osouotJ+qvppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpxtspx pw pMJ

ppqusqÄĄoprvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorotpsÄĄotpuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Koqpssqv q rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLououowÄĄoutwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqosuÄĄ

ǜžopvrts q qMJ

otprsoÄĄoutqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossqqrÄĄouqosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwtx(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[S[\H<ppqstuJ+stqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ortsow t (

qvtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ortvtoJ+tutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Â&#x201E;OT]pprrwsr s qMJ

orsrqpÄĄouqosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovosqwÄĄovswpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTrpwpsv x pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotprsoÄĄououowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruoqÄĄpqprqv

Ç?Çłvpxrqts pw pMJ

ovosqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqtruÄĄorortxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltprsrsr pr qMJ

ouqosuÄĄovsqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsqsÄĄotpuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqsvs pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqsvs qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<ppqssxJ+stqvtqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Q[J[L<osottxJ+qvposvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[S[\H <ppqssxJ+stqvtqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppqssxJ+stqvtqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspu

pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osqsqoJ+qvtuso SI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqsqoJ+qvtusoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(Q[J[L<osottxJ+qvposvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<osqsqoJ+qvtusoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<ppqssxJ+ stqvtqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowsqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovturq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpopoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?50


puÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]uÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHpv9[bTL.W[QpuÂ&#x201E;@DpuU[ O[Lxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsswJ+qtqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losropu u 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ortvttJ+tutqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpvtoJ+qqspuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wrptpr px pMJ

oqtpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqpprÄĄovswqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposqtxÄĄ

O^Koqqqps q rMJ

osruovÄĄotqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorossuÄĄorswqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopvqvtt q qMJ

opqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppopsÄĄoqrqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxqu(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[S[\H<ppoqooJ+ssrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrpqw u (

orqsswJ+qtqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oqstpqJ+trtptt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppsrttx s qMJ

ÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLoutwowÄĄoxrtsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprqsÄĄ

QĂžTrpwsvrx x pMJ

pqtrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosruovÄĄotqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvpxqssv pw pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoowruÄĄppsvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsvowÄĄ

U\Ltprsqpv pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqsrtr pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqsrtr qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<ppoptqJ+ssrqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžS JU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9 S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpvsqJ+qqspsoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppoptqJ+

ssrqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtopJ+qtqxtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppoptqJ+ssrqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtopJ+qtqxtvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtopJ+qtqxtvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpvsqJ+qqspsoSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtop J+qtqxtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<ppoptqJ+ssrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LourroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpotstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opportÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovtqru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpoouquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?51


pvÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pw\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHpw9[bTL.W[QpvÂ&#x201E;@Dpv U[ O[Lxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpstxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoopwJ+qptxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqsos v 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoopwJ+qptxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pvqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLowsqtsÄĄpoqwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wputpqo qo qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsvtqÄĄosrpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtppqÄĄ

O^Koqrrs q rMJ

orosqpÄĄossropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutpotÄĄowqxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxtq(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[S[\H<poptpwJ+sqrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otpotw v (

<opoxpoJ+sxtrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<pqoxosJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pptrrps s qMJ

S[\HoxpttrÄĄpqpoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvpqÄĄorospxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTrpxqppu x pMJ

orsrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprvpqÄĄoqqosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvpxpurv pw pMJ

9[TS[\HpoqurxÄĄppswpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopvqrps q qMJ

U\Ltprsotv pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqsosr pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqsosr qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<poptpoJ+sqrutoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxsqorJ+ppptrqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqowtu J+pvqpptSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxsqorJ+

ppptrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poptpoJ+sqrutoSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poptpoJ+sqrutoSI[+L[H K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;S[\H<poptpoJ+sqrutoSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoopoJ+qptxqoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqowtuJ+pvqpptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoopoJ+qptxqoS

I[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poptpoJ+

sqrutoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowrspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpototwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opourxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotrprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovswsq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HpooqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpqoooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orovtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?52


pwÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;px\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHpx9[bTL.W[QpwÂ&#x201E;@Dpw U[ O[Lxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpspxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<pqpsprJ+pvrttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Loupxrx w 

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<pqpsprJ+pvrttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<ovopoqJ+srsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xosppw qp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorssosÄĄosrustÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqovÄĄovotru

O^Koqrtopp q sMJ

orssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrustÄĄotqxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrqrrÄĄ

ǜžopvqouo q qMJ

pqoxtvÄĄpqtrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutorvÄĄowqxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqrtvrq pp sMJ

oxotpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqopx(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[S[\H<oxowsxJ+rxtqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottrrr w (

pppsovJ+sttsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<oxsqsoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ppuroqv s qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotpptoÄĄovsxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtpuÄĄpqprpx

QĂžTrpxtstw x pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtvÄĄoqqoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtpqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpxwqu pw pMJ

oxtxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouooÄĄoptwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Ltprrxsr pr qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopqtsuÄĄorosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsrrxÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqrtvrq qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

ǜžO\ž5S[\JH/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orptsq J+qtxso U\LO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxowsrJ+rxtqpqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxsqrqJ+pppustSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxowsr J+rxtqpqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H< oxowsrJ+rxtqpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxowsrJ+

rxtqpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqpsouJ+pvrtsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <pooxttJ+pqqurvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxsqrqJ+pppustSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqpsouJ+pvrtsoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<oxowsrJ+rxtqpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pooxttJ+pqqurvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lovsssu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orososÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?53


pxÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qo\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHqo9[bTL.W[QpxÂ&#x201E;@Dpx U[ O[Lxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<popotrJ+pqqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovputq x 

W\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Q[J[L<ovsutrJ+ruqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oxorrtJ+rxsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ovtrssJ+usvrqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpssrs qq qMJ

\Oj[L<osowstJ+tvqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovsxrqÄĄ

O^Koqssqw q sMJ

oxtxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxsxÄĄoprurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžopvqppo q qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsuttÄĄopqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqxotÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqosu(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<ovtrssJ+usvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\I

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lourxtu po (

K\LĆ&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<popotrJ+pqqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<

Â&#x201E;OT]ppvqvrx s rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<ovoprqJ+srtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;

QĂžTrqoqwst x qMJ

ppqorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptwswÄĄotqxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqqrsÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpxops pw pMJ

ppqorrÄĄpqprpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposropÄĄppquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltprrwrt pr qMJ

poowooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrotsÄĄortqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqrtsqp pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqrtsqp qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ovsusvJ+ruqwsvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovtrtwJ+uswvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovopsvJ+

srupvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtrtwJ+uswvt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtuwpopqpsptpv pxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ovsusvJ+ruqwsvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ovsusvJ+ruqwsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovtrtwJ+uswvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<poposuJ+pqqwstSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtrtwJ+uswvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovopsvJ+srupvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<poposuJ+pqqwstSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L< ovsusvJ+ruqwsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovtrtwJ+uswvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LposrouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orposoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotqrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovsotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpptqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ orooovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?54


qoÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qp\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUqvÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTqoÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHqp9[bTL.W[QqoÂ&#x201E;@Dqo U[ O[Lxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotproqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ovtstxJ+utosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howptow po 

oupsppJ+rqrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ovtstx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<otqxrqJ+oswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqwtrtt qr qMJ

sxtwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLorssrsÄĄouqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Koqtrwrv q sMJ

-X[ÄĄorsuqqÄĄotproqÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotposrÄĄouorrq

ǜžopvqrsr q qMJ

poqvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpuqqÄĄoxtxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;sqrtppp pp sMJ

9[TS[\HppswoqÄĄopoxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqppr(

\Oj[L<otqxrqJ+oswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovrorq pp (

J+utosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<ousqtxJ+rrtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]ppwqsto s rMJ

osoxrwJ+tvqvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<opoxrvJ+

QĂžTrqpqru x qMJ

O[bS[S[\HovouqqÄĄoxpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxsqÄĄoqpxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvpwtqp pw pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrssxÄĄppqoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrssxÄĄ

U\Ltprrvrs pr qMJ

orostvÄĄosssooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosssooÄĄouqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poqrtppp qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovtstpJ+utoqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<oupsquJ+rqrxpvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?

OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovtstpJ+utoqoS

I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<oupsquJ+rqrxpvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H XO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<oupsquJ+rqrxpvtSI[+L[H

L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ovtstpJ+utoqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ovtstpJ+utoqoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqxquJ+oswpoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;] Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovtstpJ+utoqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqxquJ+oswpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LoupvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxtosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?55


qpÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qq\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHqq9[bTL.W[QqpÂ&#x201E;@DqpU[ O[Lxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqquO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<otroqvJ+otosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxprqt pp 

Q[J[L<osrtsrJ+qwrrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oropsuJ+tssopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poprposr qs qMJ

pqprpvÄĄoqtptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqrroÄĄowrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Koqurxqr q sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouorosÄĄoutttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsrvÄĄpoqvro

ǜžopvqwru q qMJ

owrrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwroÄĄpoovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpso(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oropsuJ+tssopvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowqtpv pq (

otroqvJ+otosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ospupvJ+qvstpvt

Â&#x201E;OT]ppxqqo s rMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚS[\H<poouprJ+sqqovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTrqprurr x qMJ

pqtqtpÄĄoroqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsttsÄĄotpqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpwsrsv pw pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovswtoÄĄowspssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtoopÄĄ

U\Ltprruso pr qMJ

poovsoÄĄppsutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxotssÄĄpoqutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqrswo pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqrswo qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<osrtruJ+qwrrrtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrosqJ+otpqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osrtru J+qwrrrtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<osrtruJ+

qwrrrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< otrosqJ+otpqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<osrtruJ+qwrrrtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<otrosqJ+otpqoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/ \Oj[L<oroprwJ+tsrxtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otrosqJ+otpqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osrtruJ+qwrrrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oroprwJ+tsrxtvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouprqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LportptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqtotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovrqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxsusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsspxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?56


qqÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qs\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHqs9[bTL.W[QqqÂ&#x201E;@DqqU[ O[Lxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpptoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oorsssJ+swrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopoqr pq 

1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswppJ+qpruqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovorppJ+rssrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLorstouÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqvrot qt rMJ

oprttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoroqpuÄĄotpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Koqvssx r pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouoqrvÄĄouttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqrtvÄĄ

ǜžopvrtst q qMJ

otoxrxÄĄouswtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossssoÄĄouqrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqov(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtttoJ+qsqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxqrqx pr (

\Oj[L<oorsssJ+swrrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]pqopxx s sMJ

ouqrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovovoxÄĄovtoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqupwÄĄ

QĂžTrqqport x qMJ

otoxrxÄĄouoqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsqtÄĄpqprpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpwrtrs pw pMJ

ovovoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopquouÄĄorotqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltprrttp pr qMJ

ouqrtvÄĄovsstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortotpÄĄotpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqrsssx pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqrsssx qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswqtJ+qpruttSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS

JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttsrJ+qsqtpoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^ ;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V

\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswqtJ+qpruttS I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs quqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttsrJ+qsqtpoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttsrJ+qsqtpoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqttsrJ+qsqtpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oorsrvJ+ swrrrvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opswqtJ+qpruttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< oqttsrJ+qsqtpoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< oorsrvJ+swrrrvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LouoxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowpsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LporppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L

pqsvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotpptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovqxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHS[\HoxsqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppsoqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqswpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?57


qr„@DpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSqs„@D>[Ńqt\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pr„QvpsO[+T[bJUro…OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTqr…OU[:uru…QcHqt9[bTL.W[Qqr„@Dqr U[ O[Lxt\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpppuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<poprqwJ+sqsost„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpposto pr 

„SOH]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<ppqrsoJ+ptrupt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆS[\H<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO„R[;.j^Ɛ[LQ[J[L<ososouJ+qvpvqo„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9ppppswqv qu rMJ

oqtqqp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqsqtġovtoso„Mj[-X[ġposroxġ

O^Koqwtqsp r pMJ

osrwqrġotrpqs„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Horoptsġorstop„Mj[(

Ƕ¾opvstv q qMJ

opqupq„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopowsqġoqqxrr„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqrs(

59[JU]LíÊ1ġSP[ÍMJ„O\LSMS<oppxpsJ+qoqtpo„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqrtw ps (

poprqwJ+sqsost„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<oxotswJ+xtqsvt„Mj[

„OT]pqppupv s sMJ

„WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLouttpqġoxrspt„Mj[-X[ġpqprpwġ

QþTrqqsssp x qMJ

pqtqrp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLosrwqrġotrpqs„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ǐdzvpwqvqp pw pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoovqrġppsusv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsusvġ

U\Ltprrtpo pr qMJ S[ȉsqrsprx pp sMJ

„9H^poqrsprx qt qMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L „;[dz;H[S[\QÊ„O\LSMS<oppxqxJ+qoqtsvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L

99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppqrrrJ+ptrttvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<oppxqx J+qoqtsvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[ TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<oppxqxJ+qoqtsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<

poprqpJ+sqsoqvtSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ppqrrrJ+ptrttvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ„O\LSMS<oppxqxJ+qoqtsvtSI[+L[H LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H <poprqpJ+sqsoqvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louotrp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowporx„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqvqq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqsros„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqtstv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotovtw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovqtot„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxrwtt„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppruqv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opptpv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqssqt„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospttv„Mj[(

qs„@DpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSqt„@D>[Ńqu\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]ps„QvpsO[+T[bJUrp…OU[:pqpP[SH]j\W\PTqs…OU[:uru…QcHqu9[bTL.W[Qqs„@Dqs U[ O[Lxt\X@S]Ø]-MS[@T¾]h[59[JU]

Q[\S121

M[\ď58


„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotposrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ „Wń[<owoqpxJ+rvpst„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpptuot ps 

9SGOO\Oj[L<oxoustJ+xttpo„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„Wń[<owoqpxJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„R[;„WgP[;½„O\LSMS<oppptsJ+qowqt„Mj[I[+L[H„U[PL

„@[T[9ppquqpw qv rMJ

pqoxpx„Mj[-X[ġoprtquġoroprr„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

O^Kpossr r qMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoprtquġoqpwqx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorottoġ

Ƕ¾opvturw q qMJ

poqvosġppsvsw„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqroq(

ǚz[JU]LíÊ„SOH]\Oj[L<pptprxJ+pusvqt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqtrp pt (

rvpst„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO\Oj[L<ovoptpJ+sssqt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT

„OT]pqqprqs s sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowspooġpoqvpo„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxpvouġ

QþTrqrpwtq x qMJ

orssruġosqvrx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtqrsġorstrw„Mj[(

Ǐdzvpwpxw pw pMJ

osstqp„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLouswpqġowqvss„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltprrsrs pr qMJ S[ȉsqrrwqw pp sMJ

„9H^poqrrwqw qt qMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

.\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<pptprpJ+pusvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn„O\LSMS<oppqoxJ+qowsoSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\Êj OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<

portttJ+prrxpqtSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \Ƶ O[bS[M[\L „R[\L.\ġ;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxourxJ+xtsttSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[  „O\LSMS<oppqoxJ+qowsoSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QV

S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<pptprpJ+pusvtSI[+L[Hqrtvx pppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<portttJ+prrxpqtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqq qsquLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<pptprpJ+pusvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<portttJ+prrxpqtS

I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ „Wń[<owoqpqJ+rvprsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/„Wń[<owoqpqJ+rvprsvtS I[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxourxJ+xtsttSI[+L[H\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pptprpJ+pusvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJó[„J[VL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„Wń[ <owoqpqJ+rvprsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<portttJ+prrxpqtS I[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Louoprt„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lowousq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqrqu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[Lpqrxow„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqtpoo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lotosop„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovqppo

„Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxrstx„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpprqrp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/opppqq„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsoqw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospqor„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď59


qtÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qv\Ă&#x160;\OžQQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUpÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHqv9[bTL.W[QqtÂ&#x201E;@DqtU[ O[L xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpopoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ouottuJ+rqqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqssot pt 

-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<porurxJ+prspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otpsqwJ+opusqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opowqq p sMJ

J+vqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotowpsÄĄovsvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kppqor r qMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqtqpÄĄovowqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxptÄĄoqpwprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžopwpopu q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrspxÄĄpooopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopouroÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqrrtpv pp sMJ

ousvtqÄĄowqvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopquqtÄĄorouosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrro(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotowps\Oj[LoxrrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqvpo pu (

<ovoqqwJ+sstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ouottuJ+rqqspt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqrporo s sMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<porotsJ+prqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<owosop

QĂžTrqrtrv x rMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrrtuÄĄpqprqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstttÄĄosrxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvpwpotv pw pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtqsvÄĄorstttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrxosÄĄotrqpq

U\Ltprrst pr qMJ

optxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxptÄĄpqtqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poqrrtpv qt qMJ

9[TS[\HovsttvÄĄoxourrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<porurrJ+prsosvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxrwtuJ+pppvtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porurrJ+prsosvtSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrwtuJ+pppvtqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porurrJ+prsosvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V

Q[J[L<ououppJ+rqqstqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrwtuJ+pppvtqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[ :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ououppJ+rqqstqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

ovoqqoJ+sstptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porurrJ+prsosvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ououppJ+rqqstqtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxrwtuJ+pppvtqtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LottvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LowoqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpopxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LotoootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovpvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\HoxrpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?60


qu„@DpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSqv„@D>[Ńqw\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pu„QvpsO[+T[bJUq„@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqu…OU[:uru…QcHqw9[bTL.W[Qqu„@Dqu U[ O[Lxt\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<osqwsoJ+qwqqpqt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opqxpx

9`\ġ9[\Oj[L<oxorsqJ+xtoto„Mj[I[+L[H„S[\XG]9SG;S\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<orswqoJ+tusqqt„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L„R[;

„@[T[9oqsrsu q sMJ

J+qopo„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvqsġppqopq„Mj[

O^Kpqrwqv r qMJ

-X[ġpqoxpqġoprtoq„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqopqġpqprqs

Ƕ¾opwqttu q qMJ

opqurr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqvpwġpoovor„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrtv(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊPSG]\Oj[L<oxrxqpJ+pppwtt„Mj[I[+L[H

pu O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[opqwqt pv (

otptovJ+opwqo„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<osqwsoJ+qwqqpqt

„OT]pqsvrs t pMJ

-\H;Ě\Oj[L<owosrxJ+vqqpo„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<otttqu

QþTrqsqvqv x rMJ

-X[ġoptxswġotrqru„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqtswġpoooqt„Mj[

Ǐdzvpwqsu pw pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hposrqpġppqupu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsuswġ

U\Ltprrrsr pr qMJ

oqqwsqġorsxpp„Mj[(

S[ȉsqrrqv pp sMJ

„9H^poqrrqv qt qMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<oxrxrtJ+pppxroSI[+L[H„QVS[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osqwtsJ+qwqqsvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<oxortvJ+xtpqvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osqwtsJ+qwqqsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<oxrxrtJ+pppxroS I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxortvJ+xtpqvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps ptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxrxrtJ+pppxroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\L XO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<oxrxrtJ+pppxroSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[

8L[bL/Q[J[L<osqwtsJ+qwqqsvtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[

ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<otpstwJ+opvtvt

SI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxrxrt J+pppxroSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

:[bjbJQ[J[L<osqwtsJ+qwqqsvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxortvJ+xtpqvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lottrsr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovtwtp„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpoptrt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqrppv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqsrow„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lostupo„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovprpv„Mj[(

KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxqvou„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppqsrw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporrp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrqru„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osospo„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď61


qv„@DpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSqw„@D>[Ńqx\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]pv„QvpsO[+T[bJUr„@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqv…OU[:uru…QcHqx9[bTL.W[Qqv„@Dqv U[ O[Lxt\X@S]W[\OÊ]>H^­JU]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxpoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \Sã[ „O\LSMS<orpsswJ+qtpwrt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpqrw

„S[\XG]\Oj[L<owtsrxJ+xqxpqt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

qtpwrt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^ƌ[J\Oj[L<oqsvquJ+tspppo„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9pvsux r sMJ

osovqpJ+tvrotvt„Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLorsuqxġ

O^Kprtxsq r rMJ

oqpvsr„Mj[-X[ġorsrqvġotoxpo„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ƕ¾opwsrrt q qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrsoġpoqutu„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxpvsqġ

S[ȉsqrqwtu pp sMJ

ossuqsġouqupu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsvsrġopowot„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsqt(

I[+L[HI[\>LíÊ9`\ġ9[\Oj[L<oxosqpJ+xtqqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

pv O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[oqqxpo pw (

<orswrwJ+tusrpo„Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L„O\LSMS<orpsswJ+

„OT]pqtsrw t pMJ

L[;„R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<otttssJ+qott„Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<

QþTrqtptq x rMJ

ouqupu„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovoxowġoxpvsq„Mj[-X[ġpqoxoxġ

Ǐdzvpvtsrw pw pMJ

otovqqġouoorw„Mj[-X[ġoxrrsoġppqopp„Mj[(

U\Ltprrrqv pr qMJ

pooors„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorourrġossuqs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

„9H^poqrqwtu qt qMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L „Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oxospsJ+xtqpoSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LXSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<owtsrpJ+xqwtqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½

OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otttrvJ+qorvtS I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxospsJ+xtqpoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<

owtsrpJ+xqwtqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owtsrpJ+xqwtqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxospsJ+

xtqpoSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/„O\LSMS<orpsspJ+ qtpwpvtSI[+L[HƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otttrvJ+qorvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oxospsJ+xtqpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ„O\LSMS<orpsspJ+qtpwpvtSI[+L[HXO[

\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owtsrpJ+xqwtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TöO`VS[\UH\Oj[Lotsxsw„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lovtstt„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lpopprx„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqvqo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH„OL^9[oqrxpr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[Lostqpt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lovoxqq„Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\Hoxqrpo„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hppqosq„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqtxrs„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqwsp„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoops„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď62


qw„@DpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSqx„@D>[Ńro\Ê\O¾QQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]pw„QvpsO[+T[bJUs„@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqw…OU[:uru…QcHro9[bTL.W[Qqw„@DqwU[ O[Lxt \X@S].\@„Qg\L Q^SO^S\Jj[\XL[\L NT[X[S]9[\T9[M^@[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ „O\LSMS<oqqvpsJ+qrqoso„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqtstx

\Oj[L<oxprsqJ+popvst„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[9SGL[;„O\LSMS<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HOO„R[;K`\H\Oj[L<osovspJ+tvrpsvt„Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L

„@[T[9pqpprsw s sMJ

oqtrqw„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houqussġowrtov„Mj[-X[ġpqtptsġ

O^Kptqrrw r rMJ

ouoopwġoutrrv„Mj[-X[ġoxrrrsġpoqutr„Mj[(

Ƕ¾opxrv q qMJ

owrtov„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowquttġpooutr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqstr(

Ñ\HMJLíÊ„S[\XG]\Oj[L<owtsrvJ+xqxvt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

pw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorqxrr px (

oqqvpsJ+qrqoso„Mj[I[+L[H\9Ǣö\Oj[L<oqpsrwJ+tqtot„Mj[

„OT]pqupsq t pMJ

<oqsqqqJ+trtxqt„Mj[I[+L[H;Ě-Q`HbR[;\JLpqprrpġ

QþTrqtruqp x rMJ

oroopw„Mj[-X[ġorsrotġotowsp„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzvpvsurp pw pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovsutuġowsopt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hovtqqoġ

U\Ltprrrpw pr qMJ

pooutrġppsutp„Mj[(9[TS[\Hoxovprġpoqvqw„Mj[(

S[ȉsqrqtst pp sMJ

„9H^poqrqtst qt qMJ ǏdzO\¾

U\LO\¾ @ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L

XSM;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<owtsqxJ+xqwsvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oqpsrqJ+tqsxtoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍ OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

oxprrtJ+popvqvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J

ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń O`\Ž9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtsqxJ+xqwsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqpsrqJ+tqsxtoSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń

9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<owtsqxJ+xqwsvtSI[+L[Hq

suvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oxprrtJ+popvqvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpx

qpqrqtquLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<owtsqxJ+xqwsvtSI[+L[H L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\L„O\LSMS<oqqvqxJ+qrqppvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L

XO[„L/\Oj[L<oxprrtJ+popvqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/ Ɯ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;9S[\LI[bL/„O\LSMS<oqqvqxJ+qrqppvtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

owtsqxJ+xqwsvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ „O\LSMS<oqqvqxJ+qrqppvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxprrtJ+popvqvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Q[\S121

M[\ď63


TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovtotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqqrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosswpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovotquÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxpxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqttrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

qxÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;pO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUtÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHp/=[.W[QqxÂ&#x201E;@DqxU[ O[Lxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxpsJ+qqrurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orrvqs

.Ă?­[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxpsJ+qqrurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tpqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLorsvosÄĄouqvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qsqttp t sMJ

-X[ÄĄorooopÄĄotowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotouruÄĄottxtw

O^Kputor r sMJ

outrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqvpqÄĄovoxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžopxqsrp q qMJ

-X[ÄĄossvovÄĄouqvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqvpqÄĄovsvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtqp(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oxprsoJ+popvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

px O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losqxsp qo (

oqpqovJ+tqsssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<opspowJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqutwss t qMJ

S[\HovoxtuÄĄovtqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquqpÄĄoprsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTrqupots x rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrqwÄĄpqprrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottxtwÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpvrwqv pw pMJ

opqutwÄĄorovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotouruÄĄoususoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Ltprrrpt pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄorswouÄĄotowpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqrqqrt pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqrqqrt qt qMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

U\LO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ txprqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oxprrrJ+popvqqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<poorpsJ+pqqqroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxprrrJ+popvqqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poorpsJ+pqqqroSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxqxJ+qqrvpqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poorpsJ+ pqqqroSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxqxJ+qqrvpqtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ( \Oj[L<oxprrrJ+popvqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqoxqxJ+qqrvpqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L< poorpsJ+pqqqroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotsptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LpoorsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqpxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosssqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LovoproÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHS[\HoxptpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpppqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqtpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortqqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?64


roÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;qO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUuÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHq/=[.W[QroÂ&#x201E;@DpSQ@[Lxt\X@S] Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovsvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqpqJ+qrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osqosr

M^LO­W^9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqpqJ+qrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

opotoxJ+sxtwvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLoutrouÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpvqqpo u sMJ

ovtrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄposrsqÄĄpqtpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

O^Kpwpwsv r sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoqtxsuÄĄorsqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoousuÄĄ

ǜžopxsvsq q qMJ

opovssÄĄoqqvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtsw(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<pooqrvJ+pqqotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

qo O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotqxqw qp (

\Oj[L<oqsorrJ+trturvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]pqvttsu t qMJ

oxrrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprsoÄĄoqtrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqvrxÄĄ

QĂžTrqustrq x sMJ

ossoswÄĄotrspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossoswÄĄotrspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpvroqu pw pMJ

ppsutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsutvÄĄopqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltprrrpw pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqrpxqs pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqrpxqs qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pooqrpJ+pqqosqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

pooqrpJ+pqqosqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pooqrpJ+pqqosqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqqtJ+qrpoqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pooqrpJ+pqqosqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqqtJ+ qrpoqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqqtJ+qrpoqvtSI[+L[HMbC[T :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pooqrpJ+pqqosqtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqqqtJ+qrpoqvt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovsrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LossoqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Loutvrs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxppqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqputqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orswquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?65


rpÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrqÂ&#x201E;@D>[Ĺ&#x192;rO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUvÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x2026;OU[:uruÂ&#x2026;QcHr/=[.W[QrpÂ&#x201E;@DqSQ@[Lxt\X@S] SĹŚ[H`H]j[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovqqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotsuJ+qstxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ototso

9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orotsuJ+qstxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sxqurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxtoÄĄpoqusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rorrp v sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsqowÄĄosqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtsppÄĄ

O^Kpxsxsp r sMJ

orovrsÄĄossvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousuppÄĄowquqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqupu(

I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<ppqqprJ+ptsosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

qp O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqwqx qq (

orrwtsJ+tuqrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<ootqprJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]pqwtqsu t qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxpwrtÄĄpqoxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprspvÄĄoqtxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTrqvqops x sMJ

orsvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprspvÄĄoqputsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvpvqqqv pw pMJ

9[TS[\HpoqvtoÄĄppsvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqopqru q rMJ

U\Ltprrrqw pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqrpupr pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqrpupr qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ppqqouJ+ptsoroSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppqqouJ+ptsoroSI[+L[H

prtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppqqouJ+ptsoroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orouooJ+qtoptSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppqqouJ+ptsoroS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orouooJ+qtoptSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppqqouJ+ptsoroSI[+L[H

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orouooJ+qtoptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotrsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqpprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Loutrrx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppostxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqsrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orssrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?66


rqÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUwÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHs/=[.W[QrqÂ&#x201E;@DrSQ@[Lxt\X@S] 1Q[>H^I­]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoutwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ospvtoJ+qworvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ottqrw

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<orrwpsJ+tuqprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<opooppJ+sxsvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpqrpqu w rMJ

pqprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsvtwÄĄossproÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqwrsÄĄ

O^Kpppqqrt s pMJ

oqtsquÄĄorsvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossproÄĄotrtoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžoqorxx q rMJ

9^\T9S[\HpqoxorÄĄpqtprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousttwÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqrprr pp rMJ

ovswqqÄĄoxowpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louquss(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxrrJ+qoxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

qq O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqttv qr (

ospvtoJ+qworvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<otorrqJ+txttrvt

Â&#x201E;OT]pqxsxsv t qMJ

XV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLototrtÄĄovsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrptÄĄ

QĂžTrqvtsuo x sMJ

ovppowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxorÄĄoqpussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvpvpsrq pw pMJ

owruptÄĄpoopqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopovqqÄĄoqootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltprrrst pr qMJ

owquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqvqvÄĄorovsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poqrprr qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxsuJ+qopoqvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxsuJ+

qopoqvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ospvsqJ+qwopvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxsuJ+qopoqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ospvsqJ+qwopvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotroowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrtptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxtqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH

\Oj[LpqovsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosrqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[Lousxsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHS[\HoxorrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HppoporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?67


p.V[ipqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;tO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUxÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHt/=[.W[Qp.X[SsSQ@[Lxt\X@S]

W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rqÂ&#x201E;@DpqpQ[\S vpstqq Â&#x201E;T/M[9M[ J+posot <xqrSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouruO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<ottrpvJ+rqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louspru qs 

\Oj[L<otoqrpJ+txtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ottrpvJ+rqo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

XV­G\Oj[L<opqtouJ+totopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqsswv x rMJ

ouqxopÄĄpooprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxosÄĄoprsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kppqtvqq s pMJ

ppqurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvoxÄĄopqvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvpq(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqorxJ+qtrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqotw qs (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouswssJ+spxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;OT]qosusu t rMJ

ovsuoqÄĄppqoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqopovÄĄotrtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTrqwqxto x sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqoqqÄĄpqprtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpossorÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpvusp pw pMJ

owquprÄĄpoouspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqvpqÄĄorsutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqpvpw q rMJ

U\Ltprrsw pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqrxtq pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqrxtq qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqotrJ+qtrwuoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S 9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqotrJ+qtrwuoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV 99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqotrJ+qtrwuoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqotrJ+qtrwuoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottrrqJ+rqorvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ottrrqJ+rqorvtSI[+L[H\LQ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqotrJ+qtrwuoS I[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ottrrqJ+rqorvtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovrppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxswosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pqorsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoustsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqototÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?68


q.V[ipqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;uO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qsÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUpoÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTrÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHu/=[.W[Qq.X[StSQ@[Lxt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoupsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ovstsqJ+ruspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Louspru qs 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ousvqqJ+spttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<oqooswJ+tqqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sutuqr po rMJ

oxpxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxotÄĄoqpuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspqoÄĄ

O^Kppsrrtr s qMJ

oxrrpoÄĄppqoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrpoÄĄpoquswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqprutx q rMJ

osswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosswttÄĄouqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvrx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[Q[J[L<otswsqJ+rpsxpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqotw qs (

ovstsqJ+ruspsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<owstswJ+xpqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpsrst t rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLorswrtÄĄouqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovppttÄĄ

QĂžTrqxsss x sMJ

otoupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototopÄĄottwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvputwts pw pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxpxpuÄĄpoopsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorowqpÄĄ

U\Ltprrsrw pr qMJ

ppsvtpÄĄopovqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqrusp pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqrusp qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<otswttJ+rpsxstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Q[J[L<otswttJ+rpsxstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otswttJ+rpsxstSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ovstrtJ+ruspqtSI[+L[H <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ovstrtJ+ruspqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovstrtJ+ruspqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\L

XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ousvpsJ+sptrqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ .\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<otswttJ+rpsxstSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ovstrtJ+ruspqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotqqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxssovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqppsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LousptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^ S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpotrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqrqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqopoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?69


r.V[ipqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;vO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qtÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUppÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTsÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHv/=[.W[Qr.X[SuSQ@[Lxt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ S[\H<oxstsoJ+spsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrqpp qt 

1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<owssqwJ+xxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

trtxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpspoÄĄoqttpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spwtxqu pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspouÄĄotottsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottwquÄĄ

O^Kppupqp s qMJ

ovstsvÄĄowrxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtssrÄĄowrvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqqwpo q rMJ

ppsvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxowttÄĄpoqwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwov(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtopJ+rwqorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpqsr qt (

oxstsoJ+spsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<oqsoroJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqsosr t rMJ

O[bS[S[\HouqxttÄĄowrvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtproÄĄoqtwsq

QĂžTrqxrxsr x sMJ

outqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrroxÄĄpoqusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvputppp pw pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowquorÄĄpoousqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoousqÄĄ

U\Ltprrtps pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqrrro pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqrrro qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsttJ+rwqoqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<posuoqJ+psprstSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

posuoqJ+psprstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsttJ+rwqoqqtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsttJ+rwqoqqtSI[+L[H<S W[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxstrrJ+spsptvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsttJ+rwqoqqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<

oxstrrJ+spsptvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxstrrJ+spsptvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L :[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsssq J+xxtoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqsttJ+rwqoqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[; M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<oxstrrJ+spsptvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovqrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxsoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosqosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HposxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?70


s.V[ipqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;wO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]quÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUpqÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTtÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHw/=[.W[Qs.X[SvSQ@[Lxt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ S[\H<ppsrrpJ+survqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqrsr qu 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<posstoJ+pspostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppsrrpJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ttrrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLorsxppÄĄouroqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tposs pq qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtwrqÄĄototrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotosrqÄĄottwpt

O^Kppvtprx s rMJ

outptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouroqpÄĄovpqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžoqqsost q rMJ

-X[ÄĄossxrvÄĄouroqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouroqpÄĄovsxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwrs(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]S[\H<potxtwJ+ssswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpooosu qu (

survqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<orpvssJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qrrvsp t sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpqsqÄĄovttorÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppquswÄĄoprrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsopsst po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrowÄĄpqpspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwptÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpusrrr pw pMJ

opqwpoÄĄorowtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotosrqÄĄoustptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Ltprrttu pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄorsuppÄĄototrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqroqo pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqroqo qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<ppoopqJ+sssxpoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppoopqJ+ sssxpoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H< ppoopqJ+sssxpoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<ppoopqJ+

sssxpoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H <ppsrstJ+surwqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M^S[Q[X[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<posssrJ+pspoqvtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[

8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H< ppoopqJ+sssxpoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<ppsrstJ+surwqtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovpxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L pptptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosputpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LourrtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpostqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqspqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?71


t.V[ipqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;xO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qvÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUprÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTuÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHx/=[.W[Qt.X[SwSQ@[Lxt\X@S] Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oprorsJ+tpuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxptro qv 

O[TO\Oj[L<pqrwqqJ+pwttvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oprors

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tusqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLoutptoÄĄoxrrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tprrto pr pMJ

-X[ÄĄpossrtÄĄpqtpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLossrptÄĄotrvop

O^Kppxrqso s rMJ

orsospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooussÄĄppsvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxop(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<opqsqwJ+tototqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpostou qv (

J+tpuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<orstpsJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qsrsrw t sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpsquÄĄoqttssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourosvÄĄovttqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsosxtp po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossrptÄĄotrvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtwqrÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpuruo pv sMJ

ppsvrrÄĄopqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovqpÄĄoqqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqrpssr q rMJ

U\Ltprrust pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqqtvx pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqtvx qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<opqsqoJ+totorqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

opqsqoJ+totorqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opqsqoJ+totorqtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oproqwJ+tpttqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oproqwJ+tpttqtS I[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqrwrvJ+pwttstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[

XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ \Oj[L<opqsqoJ+totorqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ \Oj[L<oproqwJ+tpttqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotpoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppswoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LospqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouroosÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpospqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqqoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?72


u.V[ipqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;poO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qwÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUpsÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTvÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/=[.W[Qu.X[SxSQ@[Lxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototopO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oqtvrpJ+tssrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpooutv qw 

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpuqxJ+qrottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oqtvrp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tusoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<\Oj[L<ortvpuJ+tvprpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqtpqpq ps pMJ

pqoxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprrstÄĄoqtwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

O^Kpqppstw s sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprrstÄĄoqpuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoroxquÄĄ

ǜžoqrsxuo q sMJ

poqwtrÄĄppswovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxqw(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<orqxrrJ+turuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppquot qw (

J+tssrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<orsspwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qtrprs t sMJ

\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxqpÄĄpoqutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqopsÄĄ

QĂžTspqtp po pMJ

orsorpÄĄosqqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtttxÄĄorsxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpuqwrr pv sMJ

ostoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustooÄĄowqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltprrvsp pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqqtrtw pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqtrtw qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqtvstJ+tsssroSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<orqxsvJ+tusrtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­

Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV 99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oqtvstJ+tsssroSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<orqxsvJ+tusrtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqtvstJ+tsssroSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orqxsvJ+tusrtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqtvstJ+tsssroSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpuqpJ+qrortSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oqtvstJ+tsssroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂśO`VS[\UH\Oj[LotourqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovppspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[L ppssouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[optttwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosowtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouquowÂ&#x201E;Mj[( KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opstquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/orputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?73


v.V[ipqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ppO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qxÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUptÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTwÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpp/=[.W[Qv.X[SpoSQ@[Lxt \X@S]M[Ä&#x161;O[\L@­T[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotossuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ortxptJ+tvpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotvto qx 

otoxsxJ+opttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrprr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<ortuqrJ+tvpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<orswsw

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uvqxr pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrppÄĄpqpssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortoouÄĄossrtv

O^Kpqqtwqw s sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtuptÄĄortoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrtvÄĄ

ǜžoqsqurr q sMJ

opowrsÄĄoqoqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxpwÄĄpqtprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqqtosv pp rMJ

oroxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtosvÄĄoxoxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxtt(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<orqxopJ+tuqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqosqs qx (

J+quwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ortxptJ+tvpwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]quqwrp t sMJ

J+tutqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotortvÄĄovstqx

QĂžTsqopt po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourprwÄĄovprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpwÄĄoqpttu

Ç?Çłvpuqppp pv sMJ

otrvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrwpuÄĄpooqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

U\Ltprrwsr pr qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLousstsÄĄowqttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqwstÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqtosv qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<otpoosJ+optsqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otpoosJ+optsqtSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

ortxowJ+tvpwqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otpoosJ+optsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<ortxowJ+tvpwqqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[; M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orrpqtJ+quwsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortxowJ+tvpwqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< otpoosJ+optsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovovssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppsopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[optqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosotorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouqqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owruoo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HporrrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqpqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opsproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orprosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

w.V[ipqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pqO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]roÂ&#x201E;QvpsO[+T[bJUpuÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTxÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/=[.W[Qw.X[SppSQ@[L xt\X@S]

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?74


Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ortwqrJ+tvpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppswpp ro 

otorsv\Oj[LoxrrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ortwqrJ+tvpuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upxtvx pt sMJ

twrwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<orswpwJ+tutppvt

O^Kpqssrr t pMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLovstqvÄĄppqotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqoqrwÄĄotrwpp

ǜžoqtspw q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqotxÄĄpqpstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpostorÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqqsvrv pp rMJ

owqttpÄĄpooutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqquqtÄĄorstqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louroqp(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<osrpoxJ+twrwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqsotp ro (

otoxpxJ+oprtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[\Oj[L<ouqppwJ+rpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qvqtqv u pMJ

Q[J[L<ospwrqJ+qwutqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<osrpoxJ+

QĂžTsqrtrr po pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<orpvqoJ+ttrspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

Ç?Çłvpuprtt pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourqosÄĄpooqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxqqÄĄoprrsq

U\Ltprrxtp pr qMJ

ppqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsvttÄĄopqwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqsvrv qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<otoxrrJ+opsqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orpvrtJ+ttrstoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­ S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<

ouqppoJ+rprsvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<

orpvrtJ+ttrstoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvwpo pqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otoxrrJ+opsqtSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqppoJ+rprsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[

N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<otoxrr J+opsqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osrpoqJ+twrwqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouqppoJ+rprsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

otoxrrJ+opsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osrpoqJ+twrwqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqppoJ+ rprsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osrpoqJ+twrwqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otoxrrJ+opsqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[@^L[98j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orpvrtJ+ttrstoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<osrpoqJ+twrwqvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ouqppoJ+rprsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LovorsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxqorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpprupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opswovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHQ[J[LosopovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqowqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oroxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?75


x.V[ipqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSpo.V[i>[ŃprO[QLQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]rp„QvpsO[+T[bJUpv„@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpo„@Duru…QcHpr/=[.W[Qx.X[SpqSQ@[L xt\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\Iǚz[JU] PÍ[ \Oj[L<osrorwJ+twrvqvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrwpx rp 

osrqouJ+twspqqt„Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LíÊ\OU[:[\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[H„@½Ɗ[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<osrorwJ+twrvqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9vqrwst pu sMJ

J+twspqqt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;W[K½\Oj[L<oqqpsuJ+trptrqt

O^Kpquqwrx t pMJ

ovpsruġoxqotw„Mj[-X[ġpqoxqvġoqptsx„Mj[-X[ġ

Ƕ¾oqtsrps q sMJ

-X[ġoxrrpuġppqpou„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrpuġpoqvpp

S[ȉsqqssqu pp rMJ

ostpqq„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostpqqġourqqw„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourosv(

ǚz[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotorrx\Oj[Loxrrpu„Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oppupw rp (

ouqppoJ+rprsvt„Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ovoqpqJ+sturvt

„OT]qwqqqq u pMJ

„9gTOQ[J[L<osrtpxJ+qwsxpo„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<osrqou

QþTsrpots po pMJ

„Mj[I[+L[HǶP-Q`HbR[;\JLortosrġourqqw„Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ǐdzvpuust pv sMJ

orsoosġotospx„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotorrxġottvrt„Mj[

U\Ltprspt pr qMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqotwġpoorot„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpopuġ

„9H^poqqssqu qt pMJ

ppswqrġopovqq„Mj[(

ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ouqpoqJ+rprqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QÊ\Oj[L<ovoqqvJ+stvptSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­

S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+S O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LíÊH\Oj[L<ouqpoqJ+rprqvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<ovoqqvJ+ stvptSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL „T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ouqpoqJ+

rprqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<osrptwJ+twspqtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<ovoqqvJ+ stvptSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouqpoqJ+rprqvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/

„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<osrptwJ+twspqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/ R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouqpoqJ+rprqvtS

I[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ \Oj[L<osrptwJ+twspqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ovoqqvJ+stvptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V Q^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loutxtq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxpurv„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpprqpw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH „OL^9[opsspo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[ortvpp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Loupsqo„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owqwow

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpoqtsp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpqosrp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oprrrw„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/orotpq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostosx„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď76


po.V[ipqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;psO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]p@^LvpsO[+T[bJUpwÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTppÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHps/=[.W[Qpo.X[SprSQ@[Lxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<osrptwJ+twspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqwst p 

-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ovoqouJ+stuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<ovprpt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<osqoswJ+qwprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vptrtqq pv sMJ

sxtstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLpqptppÄĄoqtvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

O^Kpqwptpo t qMJ

-X[ÄĄorrxtvÄĄotosovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottvroÄĄoutpqv

ǜžoquqrpw q sMJ

owrxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtvorÄĄowrxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;sqqsppt pp rMJ

9[TS[\HoxpospÄĄpoqxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourppr(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]\Oj[L<osoqqwJ+tvqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/optpsp p (

J+tqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osrptwJ+twspqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qxpxpv u pMJ

osoqqwJ+tvqvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<opopqrJ+

QĂžTsrsuqo po qMJ

S[\HourqtrÄĄowrxowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtprvÄĄoqtvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvpttxsq pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrpxÄĄpoqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovstqtÄĄ

U\Ltprsqqu pr qMJ

owqttrÄĄpoovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovorÄĄppswprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqsppt qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovoqqoJ+stutvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovprroJ+tqtvtSI[+L[HKL^

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovprroJ+tqtvtSI[+L[H\QI^L 99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspu

pwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovoqqoJ+stutvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<ovprroJ+tqtvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ovoqqoJ+stutvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[TX=.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<osoqqoJ+tvqvpqtSI[+L[H<S

W[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovprroJ+tqtvtSI[+L[H

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L I[bL/\Oj[L<osoqqoJ+tvqvpqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovoqqoJ+stutvt SI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<osoqqoJ+tvqvpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovprroJ+tqtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxpqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LoupoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqspr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpqooruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oropptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?77


pp.V[ipqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;ptO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]q@^LvpsO[+T[bJUpxÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpqÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/=[.W[Qpp.X[SpsSQ@[Lxt \X@S]@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^SĆ&#x;[LR[Ă&#x160;[-Ç&#x192;^O[>]X\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<osoqqpJ+tvqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqoos q 

<ovprrpJ+tqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<outurvJ+ssrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orruswJ+quqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<orosqtJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqwsvsr pw sMJ

I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLortppxÄĄourrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovptpx

O^Kqoqrr t rMJ

otortvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorqvÄĄottvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžoqvsqu r pMJ

9^\T9S[\HourrpvÄĄovptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxrtÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqqrwt pp rMJ

ÄĄourrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourrpvÄĄovtqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourprw(

M_\G­Q[\Oj[L<orosqtJ+ttqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqvtw q (

I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osoqqpJ+tvqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]qpopupq u qMJ

ttqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜžS[\H<pppvtwJ+strupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTssqpsx po qMJ

ÄĄovtvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqvrtÄĄoprrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvsxÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpttqsu pv sMJ

oxrrqrÄĄpqptqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvquÄĄoutpquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltprsrts pr qMJ

orposxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotorqvÄĄoussspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostqor

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqrwt qt pMJ

orstovÄĄotortvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ovprqtJ+tqsttSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<outuqxJ+ssqstSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ovprqtJ+tqsttSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<orospvJ+ttqptSI[+L[H

\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqq qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovprqtJ+tqsttSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

outuqxJ+ssqstSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<orospvJ+ttqptSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovprqtJ+tqsttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orospvJ+ttqptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoutqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxowssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LououqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqopv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpopvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?78


pq.V[ipqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;puO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r@^LvpsO[+T[bJUqoÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTprÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/=[.W[Qpq.X[SptSQ@[L xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorsvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<opsoswJ+tprrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorpqtr r 

\Oj[L<ouptowJ+qtxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tprrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹS[\H<oxprpxJ+soqsto

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpqptss px sMJ

pqptrqÄĄoqtvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrsoÄĄovtvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqptosq t rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLosstrwÄĄotrxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoqtvsuÄĄ

ǜžoqvsurv r pMJ

ppswrpÄĄopqxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopovroÄĄoqquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqos(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<oututrJ+ssrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orouox r (

<oqqtswJ+qrquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<opsoswJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qppprv u qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpqtÄĄoxrrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTsstvqp po qMJ

postsrÄĄpqtpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosstrwÄĄotrxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvptsttv pv sMJ

orrxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoovpsÄĄppswrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltprstqv pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqqrsts pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqrsts qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<outusvJ+ssrroSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ouptopJ+qtxptSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­ Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<outusvJ+ssrro SI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspu pwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<outusvJ+ssrroSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

\Oj[L<ouptopJ+qtxptSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<outusvJ+ssrroSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

opsospJ+tprrqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouptopJ+qtxptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opsospJ+tprrqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< ouptopJ+qtxptSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opsospJ+tprrqtSI[+L[H

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<outusvJ+ssrroSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<opsospJ+tprrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ouptopJ+qtxptSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoxosswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppqorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LouoqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpuqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpptqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opqptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtrqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?79


pr.V[ipqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSps.V[i>[ŃpvO[QLQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]s@^LvpsO[+T[bJUqp„@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTps„@Duru…QcHpv/=[.W[Qpr.X[SpuSQ@[L xt\X@S]-ǃ^O[>]T\QT

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ S[\H<ppttpvJ+svxtt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losovsp s 

\Oj[L<otpqqvJ+oqqtt„Mj[I[+L[HØOG[9SG…H\HT\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@„R[;/ŃQ[J[L<outosqJ+rsqwqvt„Mj[I[+L[H…OK`\H

„@[T[9wqttwqv qo sMJ

pqoxto„Mj[-X[ġoprrsvġoqtvss„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;S[\H

O^Kqrrxrr t sMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoprrsvġoqptsu„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorppqqġ

Ƕ¾oqwqxsv r pMJ

porooxġppswtp„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqqw(

H`H]j[LíÊM_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<ouptqvJ+roqo„Mj[I[+L[H1ġS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsvpt s (

pqtosqJ+pxqwqvt„Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppttpvJ+svxtt„Mj[

„OT]qpqpop u qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowrxrpġpoqvrv„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hoxqptvġ

QþTstrqtv po qMJ

orrxsqġosqpsp„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtvtpġortpts„Mj[(

Ǐdzvptrxpt pv sMJ

ostqsq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousssoġowquoo„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltprsvv pr qMJ

S[ȉsqqrpsr pp rMJ

„9H^poqqrpsr qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Wš[H\Oj[L<ouptspJ+rottSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] „OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pqtotwJ+pxqxvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U

…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L <otpqspJ+oqrroSI[+L[HQ9SS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\LO[JS;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[

<[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouptspJ+rottSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ŦO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń H^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqtotwJ+pxqxvtSI[+L[H„QV99­C\W+XO`\Ž9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń

\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ouptspJ+rottSI[+L[Hqst vxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<otpqspJ+oqrroSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqr

qsquLíÊHXO[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<ouptspJ+rottSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S

„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<otpqspJ+oqrroSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouptspJ+rottSI[+L[H\ÊM[JbJ[V S[\H<ppttrpJ+svporoSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otpqspJ+oqrroSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<ppttrpJ+svporoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouptspJ+rottSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V

O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<ppttrpJ+svporoS

I[+L[HO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otpqspJ+ oqrroSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Loussox„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Loxootq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpppurt„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[opqwqv„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orspqv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lottwrt„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„WŁ[owpqqs „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hpooxtu„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppswsv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppvts„Mj[(„QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqsxqw„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtot„Mj[( Q[\S121

M[\ď80


ps.V[ipqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pwO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t@^LvpsO[+T[bJUqqÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTptÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpw/=[.W[Qps.X[SpvSQ@[L xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ S[\H<oxtqqwJ+sqqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotosrx t 

<ortrtuJ+tvurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<potupq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

OO\Oj[L<owstrpJ+xptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\HQ[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xxtspr qp sMJ

ovstrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrsoÄĄpqpttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqpqÄĄ

O^Kqtqxq t sMJ

oqptsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtwovÄĄortqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžoqxprtu r pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopoxtwÄĄoqosorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxtvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqqqwrq pp rMJ

oproptÄĄorpprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtrosÄĄoxppsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqtr(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<otprqxJ+oqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrqps t (

J+pssqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<oxtqqwJ+sqqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qprutt u qMJ

ospqrxJ+qvtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotorpvÄĄ

QĂžTsuwrv po qMJ

ossupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoursqtÄĄovpuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxtvÄĄ

Ç?Çłvptrqsp pv sMJ

ossupuÄĄotsoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsoptÄĄpoosowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltprswtr pr qMJ

pqtptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoussspÄĄowquosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqqwrq qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otprqqJ+oqtpqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ortrswJ+tvupvtSI[+L[HQ9S S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otprqqJ+

oqtpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otprqqJ+oqtpqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ortrswJ+tvupvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otprqqJ+oqtpqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<otprqqJ+oqtpqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxtqsrJ+sqrrtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

otprqqJ+oqtpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<oxtqsrJ+sqrrtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortrswJ+ tvupvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LousoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtutvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpppqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpoouopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opprtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqstrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?81


pt.V[ipqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;pxO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u@^LvpsO[+T[bJUqrÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpuÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/=[.W[Qpt.X[SpwSQ@[L xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ovrustJ+ruqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louorro u 

oqqrpqJ+trpxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[9SGOO\Oj[L<owsuru

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqsstJ+rqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqsoso qr pMJ

ppqptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqospvÄĄotsospÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourssvÄĄ

O^Kqvpxt u pMJ

ppqptxÄĄpqpuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposuptÄĄppqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžoqxtwtx r pMJ

poovruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqupvÄĄorsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrpv(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ortsrvJ+tvwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otqpsv u (

J+xpwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ovrustJ+ruqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qpsrsx u rMJ

MS<opqrosJ+qosxqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLovstrtÄĄ

QĂžTsussqo po rMJ

poosqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpoosÄĄoprrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvptqups pv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLppsxoqÄĄoproqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowquoxÄĄ

U\Ltprtosu pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqqqtqq pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqqtqq qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ovrurwJ+ruqrqqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqqrotJ+trpxroSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9 @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owsuqxJ+ xpvuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovrurwJ+

ruqrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp

prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqqrotJ+trpxroSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqqrotJ+trpxroS

I[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovrurwJ+ruqrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[ 8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsuqx J+xpvuoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<

ovrurwJ+ruqrqqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L

<oqqrotJ+trpxroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowtrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppowsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LottossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosrq Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HpooqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppsotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/oppooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqsprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?82


pu.V[ipqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qoO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v@^LvpsO[+T[bJUqsÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpvÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/=[.W[Qpu.X[SpxSQ@[L xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<otpqqsJ+roqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovorpv v 

9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<ouqttpJ+rquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<poqtpsJ+prqstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9powpstq qs pMJ

ortqsuÄĄourtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvoqÄĄoxqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kqxxrx u pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorpvÄĄottvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrrtsÄĄppqqox

ǜžposstu r qMJ

poosrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpqppÄĄostrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrso(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L<oostpuJ+sxpstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loupuou w (

otpqqsJ+roqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<ortvtrJ+tvpuqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qptosr u rMJ

.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<ovqptxJ+tsusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsvqov po rMJ

pqpopqÄĄoqpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorrxrvÄĄotorqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvptpxtu pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrrtsÄĄpoqwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqqsoÄĄ

U\Ltprtqss pr qMJ

ostrsoÄĄourtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsxpuÄĄopovsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqqqqpp pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqqqpp qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oostroJ+sxptqvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouquotJ+rquuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oostro J+sxptqvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oostroJ+

sxptqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L <oostroJ+sxptqvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<otpqpvJ+roqqroSI[+L[H\LQ :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

ouquotJ+rquuoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ Q[J[L<otpqpvJ+roqqroSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oostroJ+sxptqvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LourqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpposswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppurxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owooru Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtwowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opouovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?83


pv.V[ipqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qpO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]w@^LvpsO[+T[bJUqtÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpwÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/=[.W[Qpv.X[SqoSQ@[Lxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssouJ+qspptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howoqrq w 

ppotprJ+stsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<ortwtx

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<opqxrtJ+tptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqqrrrs qt pMJ

twwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpuqwÄĄoqtwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqpposo u qMJ

-X[ÄĄorrxrvÄĄotorpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottvqvÄĄoutpru

ǜžpprpss r qMJ

owrxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtxpqÄĄowsporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;sqqpxo pp rMJ

9[TS[\HoxpqqvÄĄporotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursor(

I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJS[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovpsrv x (

J+tvpxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssouJ+qspptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpttvrv u rMJ

\Oj[L<ovqqssJ+tswrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<ospwsvJ+

QĂžTsvtttv po rMJ

O[bS[S[\HourtqxÄĄowsporÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtqppÄĄoqtvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvptprsu pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrsoqÄĄpoqwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovststÄĄ

U\Ltprtssx pr qMJ

owquqpÄĄpoovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoovtrÄĄppsxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqpxo qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[S[\H<ppotqwJ+sttqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[

L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovqqtwJ+tsxvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ S[\H<ppotqwJ+sttqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppotqwJ+sttqqtS

I[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppotqwJ+sttqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ \ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssqoJ+qspqrqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<ppotqwJ+sttqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqssqoJ+qspqrqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[

XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ovqqtwJ+tsxvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqssqoJ+qspqrqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppotqwJ+sttqqt SI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowstowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LppootqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotsqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtuso Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpprrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HLb=/opoqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UH S[\HLb=/oqrrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?84


pw.V[ipqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qqO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]x@^LvpsO[+T[bJUquÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpxÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/=[.W[Qpw.X[SqpSQ@[Lxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<pqpurrJ+pwquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtxrv x 

9SGOO\Oj[L<pqpurrJ+pwquoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<ppospqJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<oppwsxJ+torwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pputrpt qu qMJ

ovtxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqwrxÄĄoprsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtvswÄĄ

O^Kqpqtqs u qMJ

oxrsppÄĄpqpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottvrpÄĄoutpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqpxqq r qMJ

orpqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotorqpÄĄoussttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostspu

S[Č&#x2030;sqqptsx pp rMJ

ÄĄotorpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursqt(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJS[\H<oxqvsrJ+spottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowpuoq po (

stqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<ospxtsJ+twppqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qputsrp u sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLortrqoÄĄourttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvrxÄĄ

QĂžTswrpto po rMJ

otorpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotorqpÄĄottvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvptvst pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HourttoÄĄovpvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprpoxÄĄ

U\Ltprtutx pr qMJ

ÄĄourttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourttoÄĄovtspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsstp

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqptsx qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<oxqvtuJ+sppqvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqpuswJ+pwrrvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L

S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxqvtuJ+sppqvt SI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxqvtuJ+

sppqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqpuswJ+pwrrvtSI[+L[H M[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqpuswJ+pwrrvtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[; O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxtrroJ+pqtpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqpuswJ+pwrrvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqvtuJ+sppqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxtrroJ+pqtpqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouqsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowsppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpotutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opowsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovtqsu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxtopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osptquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?85


px.V[ipqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSqo.V[i>[ŃqrO[QLQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]po@^LvpsO[+T[bJUqv„@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqo„@Duru…QcHqr/=[.W[Qpx.X[SqqSQ@[L xt\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ \Oj[L<oxtsqtJ+pqvro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxtrqo po 

ovtvsvJ+rvpttt„Mj[I[+L[H-\LjL]9SG„9gTO\Oj[L<oxtsqt

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<ovsppqJ+urspt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@„R[;-\H;ĚS[\H<

„@[T[9ppqppoqq qv qMJ

oxrsqo„Mj[-X[ġpqputrġoqtxqt„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houruoxġ

O^Kqpssrsw u rMJ

ossvsvġotsptw„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossvsvġotsptw„Mj[(

Ƕ¾prvsv r qMJ

ppsxsv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsxsvġoprpqr„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourssv(

LOQ]\Oj[L<ovsppqJ+urspt„Mj[I[+L[HJUQ]LíÊ„SOH]Q[J[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxpwsq pp (

J+pqvro„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT„Wń[<owsuooJ+rxpuqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]qpvtpqt u sMJ

poqtsrJ+srqtst„Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLoutpsvġ

QþTsxvsv po rMJ

ovtxsu„Mj[-X[ġposvooġpqtqqu„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JL

Ǐdzvptptq pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoqtvtpġorrxso„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpoowpqġ

U\Ltprtxpu pr qMJ

opowouġoqquro„Mj[(

S[ȉsqqpqrx pp rMJ

„9H^poqqpqrx qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L .\ġ;H[S[MSQ\QÊQ[J[L<ovtvsoJ+rvptrvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn„Wń[<owsuptJ+rxpvtSI[+L[H„QVS[\U

í\ÊjOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L<h[;H[S[@ʼn@^L[9

„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ž9O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxtspwJ+pqvpqt SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ „Wń[<owsuptJ+rxpvtSI[+L[H„QV \QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ž99^Ŧ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ń„QVS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<ovtvsoJ+rvptrvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<

ovtvsoJ+rvptrvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/ -X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oxtspwJ+pqvpqtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ovspouJ+ursSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxtspwJ+pqvpqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ovtvsoJ+rvptrvtSI[+L[H

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L< ovspouJ+ursSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Louqorr„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowrvpw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpotqtx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

„OL^9[opostq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[orpvtq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotrtoo„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovswto

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxsuqp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppqtpr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqtspx„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqttq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osppro„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď86


qo.V[ipqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qsO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^LvpsO[+T[bJUqwÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqpÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/=[.W[Qqo.X[SqrSQ@[L xt\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@@[Q[H^T\OJ[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovsqopJ+urupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hposrpr pp 

<ourxqqJ+rrtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG;S\Oj[L<ovsqopJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<otsrpqJ+prwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Q[J[L<ovsqss

Â&#x201E;@[T[9otqpro p qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqrrvÄĄpqposuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprsqpÄĄoqtvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kqpurtsw u rMJ

ortrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprsqpÄĄoqpuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžprtutv r rMJ

9[TS[\HporprpÄĄppsxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtox(

JUQ]\Oj[L<otsrpqJ+prwuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Q[J[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoqppt pq (

urupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ousoqwJ+rsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]qpwswpx u sMJ

J+rurwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowsopwÄĄpoqwspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsxsrsw po rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorrxsrÄĄosqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtxspÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpstux pv sMJ

orprpsÄĄoststpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoustovÄĄowqustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpsprx pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqqxqw pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqxqw qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<ourxptJ+rrtxqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ourxpt

J+rrtxqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ourxptJ+rrtxqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovsptrJ+urttvtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <otsrouJ+prwstSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovsptrJ+urttvtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ourxptJ+rrtxqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<otsrouJ+prwstSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowrrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opootuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotrpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovssts

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppqppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqtoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osovrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?87


qp.V[ipqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qtO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^LvpsO[+T[bJUqxÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqqÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/=[.W[Qqp.X[SqsSQ@[L xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<otssorJ+pspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppqxrt pq 

Q[J[L<otrvttJ+rpqtsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<osortvJ+tvrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opxqrro q qMJ

ovsupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrssoÄĄpqpvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortsowÄĄ

O^Kqpwqwq u sMJ

oqpupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqtxtuÄĄortsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpssutq r rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoppproÄĄoqotsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpottÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqqupv pp rMJ

oprptoÄĄorprqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovttotÄĄoxprqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtqx(

59[JU]\Oj[L<osortvJ+tvrorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppqqtr pr (

otssorJ+pspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ostpqxJ+qxqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qpxstps u sMJ

Q[J[L<otprquJ+roqsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotorruÄĄ

QĂžTspopxtp po sMJ

osswqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourusuÄĄovpwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpottÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpstort pv sMJ

osswqpÄĄotsqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsqotÄĄpootrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpssw pr qMJ

pqtqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoustptÄĄowqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqupv qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<otrvsvJ+rpqtqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ososppJ+tvrpvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<osospp J+tvrpvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq

prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrvsvJ+rpqtqvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<otrvsvJ+rpqtqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otrvsvJ+rpqtqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ososppJ+tvrpvtSI[+L[H \Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otsrttJ+psosvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ososppJ+tvrpvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<otsrttJ+psosvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otrvsvJ+rpqtqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ososppJ+tvrpvtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LoupqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpostowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqtutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovsotw Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpppvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/osorrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?88


qq.V[ipqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qvO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr@^LvpsO[+T[bJUroÂ&#x201E;@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqrÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/=[.W[Qqq.X[SqtSQ@[L xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ososqvJ+tvrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqprps pr 

otorss\Oj[LoxrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tvrpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqroqJ+qtswptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9prprsr r qMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropqvJ+qstspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Kqqoqoqv v pMJ

ourvosÄĄpoottoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqppotÄĄoprsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžptrvqw r rMJ

ppqxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptoqsÄĄoprqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtto(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]\Oj[L<oqsvsuJ+tspxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqqrqq ps (

ostvqpJ+qxssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ososqvJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqosqw v pMJ

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oqsvsuJ+tspxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T

QĂžTspotttw po sMJ

ovsuqsÄĄppqrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqottvÄĄotsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłvpsstpo pv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppqrpvÄĄpqpvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposvrtÄĄ

U\Ltpsusr pr qMJ

owqvosÄĄpoowssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqusvÄĄorstosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqqru pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqqru qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ostvpsJ+qxsrstSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropqoJ+qstsSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ostvpsJ+

qxsrstSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ostvpsJ+qxsrstSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqsvtxJ+tsqopvtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqsvtxJ+tsqopvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ( Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oropqoJ+qstsSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ostvpsJ+qxsrstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqsvtxJ+tsqopvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouowsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowqtqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LposppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orouosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrvop Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxrsrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppprqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqsqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?89


qr.V[ipqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSqs.V[i>[ŃqwO[QLQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q

W[ǃ¢/+bS@]ps@^LvpsO[+T[bJUrp„@DpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqs„@Duru…QcHqw/=[.W[Qqr.X[SquSQ@[L xt\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorqtO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<optwprJ+tqptro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqttpp ps 

9SG;S„O\LSMS<oqpxqvJ+qrwtvt„Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

qoprro„Mj[I[+L[HO`\ĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLortsrxġourvqo„Mj[O[bS[

„@[T[9pputor s rMJ

-X[ġorrxtvġotorqt„Mj[QbXŃbR[;\JLotortqġottwou

O^Kqqqpqtw v pMJ

poqxpt„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqspwġpoouoq„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Ƕ¾puqwsu r rMJ

9[TS[\Hpptoqrġopowrw„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louruox(

>H^SJU]LíÊ„S[\XG]Q[J[L<ossppvJ+qxrrqt„Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[

O[bS[O^SH/„OL^9[opqqtt pt (

optwprJ+tqptro„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;;Ě„O\LSMS<opoxpuJ+

„OT]qqprxq v pMJ

S[\Hovpxotġoxqspw„Mj[-X[ġpqppptġoqpuqw„Mj[

QþTspprqw po sMJ

„Mj[-X[ġoxrtopġppqrqx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxrtopġ

Ǐdzvpsrxtt pv sMJ

orprtwġosttrx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosttrxġourvqo„Mj[(

U\Ltpsxqr pr qMJ

S[ȉsqptxtu pp rMJ

„9H^poqptxtu qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`VS[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L XSM;H[S[„íQ[Q[J[L<ossprqJ+qxspoSI[+L[HO`VS[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LXSM;H[S[ÑbH½9@^L[9„W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^Q]L„QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ „O\LSMS<opoxqxJ+qopsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ž9KL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`\Ž9S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊHQ[J[L<ossprqJ+

qxspoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊHXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ „L/Q[J[L<ossprqJ+qxspoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/„O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<optwou J+tqptpqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġMS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ(„O\LSMS<opoxqx J+qopsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ossprqJ+qxspoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<optwouJ+tqptpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[; „J[VO[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Louosto„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowqprr„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lporvpu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqsxow„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oroqow„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotpxpv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovrrot „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxrorv„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hppoxqw„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqrwru„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpoox„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orttsu„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď90


qs.V[ipqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qxO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pt@^LvpsO[+T[bJUp.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTqtÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/=[.W[Qqs.X[SqvSQ@[Lxt \X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@UbO9JS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oprvtqJ+tpqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oprurr

\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsrtxJ+qprxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<oprvtq

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpvtuÄĄoroorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qoppx t rMJ

orsoorÄĄotorroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLottwpuÄĄoutqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kqqstrs v qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowoporÄĄowsqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqvqtÄĄ

ǜžpvqosr r sMJ

oxpsotÄĄporqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louruqw(

I[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<ostrspJ+qxrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SG

pt O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqptq pu (

J+tpqspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<pprxsuJ+puqxqqt

Â&#x201E;OT]qqqrttv v pMJ

ourvruÄĄowsqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqtroxÄĄoqtwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTspqwqq po sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrtprÄĄpoqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovsussÄĄowsotx

Ç?Çłvpsrssx pv sMJ

pooxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpooxovÄĄpptosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltpspqpo pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqptust pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqptust qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ostrrtJ+qxrrttSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprxsoJ+puqxvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ostrrtJ+ qxrrttSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ostrrtJ+qxrrttS I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<oprvsrJ+tpqrsvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[? WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(

\Oj[L<pprxsoJ+puqxvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJQ[J[L<ostrrtJ+qxrrttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oprvsrJ+tpqrsvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LouootrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowpvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LporrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqstpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotptqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqxox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppotrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?91


qt.V[ipqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;roO[QLQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pu@^LvpsO[+T[bJUq.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTquÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHro/=[.W[Qqt.X[SqwSQ@[Lxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorruO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<opswovJ+tpsxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqpwqq

9SG>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprwssJ+qpquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

prssrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLorttovÄĄourvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qprpuqx u qMJ

-X[ÄĄoqtwqvÄĄotorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotospqÄĄottwqu

O^Kqqttwpp v qMJ

outqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourvtpÄĄovpxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžpwprpv r sMJ

-X[ÄĄostuoxÄĄourvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourvtpÄĄovtuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Lourusu(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[Q[J[L<otruooJ+rppxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

pu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorqoqt pv (

opswovJ+tpsxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<porsorJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqrrqtq v qMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpxrsÄĄowoppvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄppqxtqÄĄoprtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTspqssrw po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrtqtÄĄpqpwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLottwquÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpsqxts pv sMJ

oprqssÄĄorpsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotospqÄĄousttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Ltpsptq pr qMJ

-X[ÄĄorstqrÄĄotorruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqptrrs pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqptrrs qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<otrttpJ+rppxvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<porspwJ+prstptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrttpJ+ rppxvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otrttpJ+rppxvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L< opswqpJ+tpsxttSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<porspwJ+prstptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otrttpJ+rppxvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opswqpJ+tpsxttSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LottutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowprsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqsppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqtps

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxqqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HppoprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqrossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?92


qu.V[ipqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSqv.V[i>[ŃpØ]KSQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]pv@^LvpsO[+T[bJUr.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTqv„@Duru…QcHp/b=L.W[Qqu.X[SqxSQ@[Lxt \X@S]Ǐ\Ĺ>[Q[@­L[Ø]@;Ň[I\;S9SLObRgOLJU­LO[bS[„LbÊ[¢WOM^S] „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotorssO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÑ\HMJ LŁ[ \Oj[L<oqqxqpJ+trrptt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oropro

9SG\9Ǣö„O\LSMS<oqostqJ+qqrppqt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

pqqqt„Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;\JLoutqtrġoxrtrv„Mj[

„@[T[9qquupw v qMJ

-X[ġposwqpġpqtrqw„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLossxruġotsrtp

O^Kqqvtosu v rMJ

orsopx„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpooxrpġpptpps„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvos(

\ƻH]j[LíÊM^LO­W^Q[J[L<ouswrqJ+rsqoqqt„Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

pv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lospwrq pw (

oqqxqpJ+trrptt„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<oxtrpqJ+

„OT]qqsqxsv v qMJ

-X[ġpqpwqqġoropou„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourwotġowoprp„Mj[

QþTsprqotw pp pMJ

„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossxruġotsrtp„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoqtwruġ

Ǐdzvpsqtw pv sMJ

pptppsġoprqtv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hopoxovġoqqvpx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pxuqw r sMJ

U\Ltpspwp pr qMJ

S[ȉsqptoqr pp rMJ

„9H^poqptoqr qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L „Q9^S;H[S[O[K[„O\LSMS<oqossrJ+qqrotoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<ouswqsJ+rsqoqtSI[+L[H99­C S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„Ph[;H[S[\QÊ

@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ „O\LSMS<oqossrJ+

qqrotoSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^Ŧ\QI^LO`\Ž9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpw

qoqqqsquqvLíÊHQ[J[L<ouswqsJ+rsqoqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[ 9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L<oqqxrtJ+trrqroSI[+L[HP[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ouswqsJ+rsqoqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqqxrtJ+

trrqroSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqqxrtJ+trrqroSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[

8L[bL/R[Ê[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxtrqv J+pqqsoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<

ouswqsJ+rsqoqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oqqxrtJ+trrqroSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJLíÊǶT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lottroq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lowoxsu„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpoqtqw„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqrvqo„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqtoqp„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lotovro„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovqppw „Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\Hoxpwto„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpotvsp„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqqusw„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optwqq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsrtx„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď93


qv.V[ipqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;qĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^LvpsO[+T[bJUs.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTqwÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHq/b=L.W[Qqv.X[Sro SQ@[Lxt\X@S].\@@;Ĺ&#x2021;[IĂ&#x2018;P^S9[= SI  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotortqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<orrxqqJ+tuquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orsuru

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orooqxJ+qssxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pppwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLowsprtÄĄporootÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rwspsr w qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HorsoqvÄĄosqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroppxÄĄ

O^Kqqxsrpu v rMJ

orpstrÄĄosturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLousupwÄĄowqwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvqo(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqxtsJ+rwrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

pw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotptst px (

orrxqqJ+tuquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<oxruowJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qqtqusr v qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqtowÄĄpqpptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprtqpÄĄoqtwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTsprtvqp pp pMJ

orttrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprtqpÄĄoqpvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvpsqorr pv sMJ

9[TS[\HporqtsÄĄpptpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppoopt s pMJ

U\Ltpsqps pr qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqpsvpq pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpsvpq qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrooxJ+rwrrttSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrooxJ+

rwrrttSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrooxJ+rwrrttSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< orrxptJ+tuquvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orrxptJ+tuquvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orrxptJ+tuquvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<

oxruopJ+pppwrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrooxJ+rwrrttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<orrxptJ+tuquvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotsxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowottoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoqprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LotorrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovpvqq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpotrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqqqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?94


qw.V[ipqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px@^LvpsO[+T[bJUt.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTqxÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qqw.X[Sp U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;S[@[S0J0Ç&#x161;T\NHS Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosopO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<orrwoxJ+tuqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrrtv

S[\H<poruowJ+srswqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qwpttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<otprppJ+oqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqpsru x qMJ

otosswÄĄovsvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruorÄĄpqpwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krprtrx v sMJ

pqpqovÄĄoqpvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoroprqÄĄorttsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžppotsrt s pMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopproqÄĄoqovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpqovÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqpssq pp rMJ

oprrqrÄĄorptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtusqÄĄoxpstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvru(

I[+L[HH`H]j[\Oj[L<otprppJ+oqoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[

px O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loupppx qo (

orrwoxJ+tuqrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osqroxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]qquqrrx v qMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;\Oj[L<oxsosoJ+ppqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTspsrrsv pp pMJ

orttsvÄĄostooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwrpÄĄovqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpspuw pv sMJ

-X[ÄĄostooqÄĄotsspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowsrrvÄĄpoovopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpsqsps pr qMJ

pqtrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLousurpÄĄowqwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpssq qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<poruqqJ+srswttSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[S[\H<poruqqJ+srswttSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[ KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

poruqqJ+srswttSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ S[\H<poruqqJ+srswttSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<otprotJ+oqotSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxsorrJ+ppqxqqtSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ S[\H<poruqqJ+srswttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otprotJ+oqotSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LowopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpopvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovprqu Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxpotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpwtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orruouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?95


qx.V[ipqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;rĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qo@^LvpsO[+T[bJUu.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTroÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHr/b=L.W[Qqx.X[Sq U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotospqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<otpqooJ+opvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqrqu

opoposJ+sxsxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<otpqooJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<ovospwJ+stvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9srpvqu po pMJ

ppqsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqovqxÄĄotssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwsrÄĄ

O^Krrqvtp w pMJ

ppqsstÄĄpqpxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HposwtsÄĄpproruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpppsxqv s pMJ

popopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqvsxÄĄorsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtp(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<ovospwJ+stvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<

qo O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovosqp qp (

opvqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ououqqJ+rqrrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]qqvqort v rMJ

pooqrpJ+pqqrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLovsvsvÄĄ

QĂžTsptpopv pp pMJ

poovpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqpwÄĄoprtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvpsppts pv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptptrÄĄoprrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowqwqwÄĄ

U\Ltpsqvqx pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqpsotp pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpsotp qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<opoppwJ+sxtoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<opoppwJ+sxtoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL  K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpptqJ+opvqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<opoppwJ+sxtoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovosppJ+stvpqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpptqJ+opvqtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovosppJ+

stvpqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<otpptqJ+opvqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opoppwJ+sxtoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ovosppJ+stvpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotspptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpoprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosttsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovoxro Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxovoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqptooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?96


ro.V[ipqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrp.V[i>[Ĺ&#x192;sĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qp@^LvpsO[+T[bJUv.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTrpÂ&#x201E;@DuruÂ&#x2026;QcHs/b=L.W[Qro.X[Sr U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosqrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ovorowJ+stsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupsro qq 

orruroJ+tupvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxorssJ+xttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sptqrpr pp pMJ

ortupoÄĄourwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqortÄĄoxqtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Krtpxsx w pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLototpwÄĄottxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxruqxÄĄppqstw

ǜžppqsstq s pMJ

poovqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorptqxÄĄostvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwot(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<oxorssJ+xttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtsov qq (

ovorowJ+stsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoqtsJ+rvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]qqwpvrq v rMJ

\Oj[L<porurvJ+prswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTsptsusx pp pMJ

pqpqqxÄĄoqpvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsotxÄĄotosqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvpsvtp pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxruqxÄĄporossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqtspÄĄ

U\Ltpsroto pr qMJ

ostvppÄĄourwtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptprwÄĄopoxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqprvso pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqprvso qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<orruqqJ+tupvSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­C O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

orruqqJ+tupvSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovorooJ+stsptSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9

-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orruqqJ+tupvSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <S W[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxortwJ+xtuSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<orruqqJ+tupvSI[+L[H

\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovorooJ+stsptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxortwJ+

xtuSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovorooJ+stsptSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orruqqJ+tupvSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oxortwJ+xtuSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotrvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovtsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpooxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LostpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovotrs Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHS[\HoxorovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HposptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqpporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opsqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?97


rp.V[ipqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSrq.V[i>[ŃtØ]KSQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qq@^LvpsO[+T[bJUw.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTp.V[iuru…QcHt/b=L.W[Qrp.X[SsU[7j[Txt \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosrtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMčQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oxoqrrJ+xtqqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupsro qq 

\Oj[L<oupqrwJ+qsv„Mj[I[+L[HXƚ[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxoqrr

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

…H\HT„R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<pppuqxJ+ptqvpvt„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<

„@[T[9sqvqtpw pq pMJ

owssox„Mj[-X[ġpqtsqqġoqtxqx„Mj[-X[ġorspppġ

O^Krvpprp w qMJ

oxrusrġporotv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovswptġowsqqx„Mj[(

Ƕ¾pprsosv s qMJ

poporv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoporvġpptqpw„Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwpx(

VƊ]LíÊM_O­N[ǵL]\Oj[L<orrtpxJ+tupsqqt„Mj[I[+L[H1ġSN[ǵL]

O[bS[O^SH/„WŁ[ovtsov qq (

J+xtqqvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTOS[\H<poorqsJ+sqqsrt„Mj[I[+L[H

„OT]qqxpsro v rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLpqpxqtġoroqov„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hourxorġ

QþTspuqrqs pp pMJ

otosrt„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLottxsvġoutsop„Mj[-X[ġ

Ǐdzvpsrtw pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\Howoqqvġowssox„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowqwtuġ

U\Ltpsrspu pr qMJ

oxptquġporrrv„Mj[(

S[ȉsqprsqx pp rMJ

„9H^poqprsqx qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\W+XS[\Uí\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<pppuqqJ+ptqvSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]QþTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]

„OL]SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<oupqroJ+qsusoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­

„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[@^L[9„W+S\QI^L \W+XH^T[O`\Ž99^ŦQ]L„QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ń99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pppuqqJ+ptqvS

I[+L[H„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`VS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqstvxppprps

pupwqoqqqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<oupqroJ+qsusoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH XO[P[HH^bT„JL[ -ŇÑ[UL <SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oxoqswJ+ xtrtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ 9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/\Oj[L<oupqroJ+qsusoS I[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[TX=

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

ppoqpwJ+pstppoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ê[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ǐdz9SG O[bS[J]í[TL[TX=K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<oupqroJ+qsusoSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<ppoqpwJ+pstppoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/„OT:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxoqswJ+xtrtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppoqpwJ+pstppoSI[+L[HH[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW „R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<oxoqswJ+xtrtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\ĭbR[;\OVbR[;„J[V8j[b=bJ

LíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oupqroJ+

qsusoSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppoqpwJ+pstppoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotrrqq„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovtoov„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lpootsx„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqpvso„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqrosq„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Lossvto„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lovoprw

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owtxpp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hporwop„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpqovow„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprwsq„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqspx„Mj[( Q[\S121

M[\ď98


rq.V[ipqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;uĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qr@^LvpsO[+T[bJUx.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTq.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHu/b=L.W[Qrq.X[StU[7j[Txt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotosswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<ppoppvJ+psswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovouqr qr 

<owsoowJ+wtsuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ppoppvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<pptsrrJ+pvpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9txqvpr pq sMJ

pprpoxÄĄoprupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqtxspÄĄotosswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Krxqtr w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouooosÄĄoutspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxppÄĄ

ǜžppsrvpp s qMJ

otottoÄĄousvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvrpÄĄourxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrp(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<ouppqxJ+qssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howsopt qr (

psswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<pptvsvJ+svxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Â&#x201E;OT]roppqw v sMJ

orturpÄĄourxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqotsÄĄowoqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTspvor pp qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotottoÄĄouooosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrutvÄĄpqpxrv

Ç?Çłvpsopv pv sMJ

ovqotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprsppÄĄorpttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltpsrvsw pr qMJ

ourxppÄĄovtvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsuruÄĄotosswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqprppx pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqprppx qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ouppqpJ+qsrsvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owsoopJ+wtssqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½ OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprps pupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouppqpJ+qsrsvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsoopJ+wtssqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\L XO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouppqpJ+qsrsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V

\Oj[L<ouppqpJ+qsrsvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ppopoxJ+psswpvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<ppopoxJ+psswpvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouppqpJ+qsrsvtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ppopoxJ+psswpvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owsoopJ+wtssqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LpooptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LossrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutvsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HporsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpqorprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?99


pX[7LpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSqX[7L>[ŃvØ]KSQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾QW[ǃ¢

/+bS@]qs@^LvpsO[+T[bJUpo.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTr.V[iuru…QcHv/b=L.W[QpU[7LuU[7j[Txt \X@S] W[+¾[\ļX\QH/rp.V[ipqpQ[\S vpsuqq /bS/ J+sxtwrqt <psSWQj  „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototorO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWŌQ] PÍ[ \Oj[L<pqsxpqJ+pxpvso„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtwpv qs 

O\G@\Oj[L<pqsxpqJ+pxpvso„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oprvotJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[H\Wĭ-Q`HbR[;\JLouooqoġoxrvpp„Mj[O[bS[S[\Howoqst

„@[T[9tqprqro pr sMJ

oppsoqġoqowpt„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovqpoqġowoqst„Mj[-X[ġ

O^Krpotrtq w rMJ

9^\T9S[\Hoqtxtsġorsprv„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopposġ

Ƕ¾pptrsr s qMJ

oppoqsġoqqwrv„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsr(

-ƆQ]LíÊXƚ[\Oj[L<owrxooJ+wtqpo„Mj[I[+L[H\>Ê[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxqqtq qs (

tppurvt„Mj[I[+L[HOO„R[;\UO\Oj[L<pqqsssJ+pwpuro„Mj[

„OT]rpwqu v sMJ

ġoxqupo„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLotouowġouooqo„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTspvruss pp qMJ

pqproqġoqtxts„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostotrġotstou„Mj[(

Ǐdzvprtusu pv sMJ

pptqsr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptqsrġoprsqq„Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltpsspqt pr qMJ S[ȉsqpqww pp rMJ

„9H^poqpqww qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L

„Q[V;H[S[„íQ[\Oj[L<owrwtqJ+wtptoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U…OU½OL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<oprutwJ+tppuqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­ S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<

potopvJ+pspxrvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\L

O[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QV99­C9L½[O`\Ž9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>ŃO`V S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oprutwJ+tppuqoSI[+L[H„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+S prtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<owrwtqJ+wtptoSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupwqo qqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<potopvJ+pspxrvtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[

Ǐdz9SGO[bS[J]í[TL[\OdzX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< owrwtqJ+wtptoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqsxosJ+pxpvqoS I[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L

-9S[\L\Oj[L<potopvJ+pspxrvtSI[+L[H„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ „O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ƻM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqsxosJ+pxpvqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T

:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqsxosJ+pxpvqoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ  9S[\LI[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V8j[b=bJLíÊǶT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owrwtqJ+wtptoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqsxosJ+pxpvqoSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotqtro„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovsqpt„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxtvtu„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqoxsw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqqqto„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losrxtv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Loutrsv „Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owtppx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hporoox„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hpptxpv„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oprotp„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpuqv„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď100


qX[7LpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSrX[7L>[ŃwØ]KSQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qt@^LvpsO[+T[bJUpp.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTs.V[iuru…QcHw/b=L.W[QqU[7LvU[7j[Txt \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototpwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ „O\LSMS<oqpwquJ+qro„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowsxsp qt 

„O\LSMS<oqpwquJ+qro„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oqtsosJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotouquġoutsto„Mj[-X[ġ

„@[T[9urssrq ps sMJ

pprproġoqpwqs„Mj[(QbXŃbR[;\JLortusxġotstpr„Mj[(

O^Krpqssqt w rMJ

oqpwqs„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpupoġostvsw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtr(

LOQ]LíÊ\>Ê[\Oj[L<posxpuJ+pspvt„Mj[I[+L[Hlj[H]9SGOO

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpooqqr qt (

tsqwpvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;\Wĭ\Oj[L<pqrxswJ+pwtrqt

„OT]rqtqt v sMJ

porprwġoppsps„Mj[O[bS[S[\Hovqpoxġoxqupx„Mj[-X[ġ

QþTspwprqx pp qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoroqrvġortusx„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoprusoġ

Ǐdzvprtrqv pv sMJ

ousworġowqxsp„Mj[(9[TS[\Hporsovġpptqqp„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppurpqr s qMJ U\Ltpsstw pr qMJ

S[ȉsqpqstv pp rMJ

„9H^poqpqstv qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

O[9;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<posxrpJ+pspvsqtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS] S[ȉSJU[L[h]-ļ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C „R[\L„Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[

O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[H[S[„W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<posxrpJ+pspvsqtSI[+L[H prtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[ XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<posxrpJ+pspvsqtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L„O\LSMS<oqpwpxJ+qqtxsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]

„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/„O\LSMS<oqpwpxJ+qqtxsqtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[

L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<posxrpJ+pspvsqtS I[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oqpwpxJ+ qqtxsqtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotqprs„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovrwpw„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxtsoo„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpqottr„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqpwtt„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losruor„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousxtp „Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owsvqr„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpoqupr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppttqo„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opquts„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpqrq„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď101


rX[7LpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;xĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qu@^LvpsO[+T[bJUpq.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTt.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHx/b=L.W[QrU[7LwU[7j[Txt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LototrsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqqouJ+qtrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxsoqq qu 

\OU[:[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqqouJ+qtrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pqrtswJ+pwsqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLovsxpwÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upuuqp pt rMJ

otstqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxrpÄĄovqpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxquqvÄĄ

O^Krpsrsqx w sMJ

oppsqsÄĄoqowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqprqsÄĄpqttowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppvqxpo s rMJ

orpupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvsuÄĄoxpuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxor(

I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<pqruowJ+pwsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hporxrp qu (

\Oj[L<orsrsrJ+turprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]rrqqt v sMJ

porptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsqsÄĄoroqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortutwÄĄ

QĂžTspwtopu pp qMJ

pprpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprutrÄĄorooqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvprtopw pv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLouswqpÄĄowqxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprsssÄĄ

U\Ltpsswtu pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqpqpsu pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpqpsu qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<pqruopJ+pwsrpoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqruopJ+pwsrpoSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< pqruopJ+pwsrpoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqqqpJ+qtrxSI[+L[H

9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqrtsoJ+pwsqpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<pqruopJ+pwsrpoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqqqpJ+qtrxSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotpvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovrsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxtoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpqoptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosrqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousttt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoqqpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpptpqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opqqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orowrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?102


sX[7LpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;poĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv@^LvpsO[+T[bJUpr.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTu.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpo/b=L.W[QsU[7LxU[7j[Txt \X@S]\NS[SI

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotottoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortutxJ+qvsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporoqu qv 

-L^S[K[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orsqtwJ+tuqxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tvpwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<pqoxouJ+pvrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqwsorp pu rMJ

ppquptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvotÄĄotstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqpqoÄĄ

O^Krpuqso w sMJ

oqowstÄĄortvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqurtÄĄpotootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžppwqvqq s rMJ

pprptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptrqoÄĄoprstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpp(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsruJ+qptwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppptot qv (

MS<ortutxJ+qvsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osoqsuJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rrtxqt w pMJ

I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotovotÄĄouttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxrvttÄĄ

QĂžTspxqvv pp qMJ

oxqurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprvotÄĄotottoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvprsvqq pv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLppquptÄĄpqqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotootÄĄ

U\Ltpstqsx pr qMJ

owropqÄĄpoppsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqqxpuÄĄorsvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqppwrt pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqppwrt qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqoxooJ+pvrssvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsqxJ+qptwroSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<pqoxooJ+pvrssvtSI[+L[HO`V

\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsqxJ+qptwroSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsqxJ+qptwroS

I[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS <ortutqJ+qvsqvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ >[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsqxJ+qptwroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortutqJ+qvsqvtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pqoxooJ+pvrssvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<optsqxJ+qptwroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortutqJ+qvsqvtSI[+L[H LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[LotprssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovroqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxsupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[LpptwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqppoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lousptx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpopwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppsvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oppxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orossoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?103


tX[7LpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSuX[7L>[ŃppØ]KSQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qw@^LvpsO[+T[bJUps.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTv.V[iuru…QcHpp/b=L.W[QtU[7LpoU[7j[T xt\X@S]UjL59[JU]@;Ň[IÑP^SUjL>H^­Q[W½ÓH-9S[ „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouowO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LŁ[ Q[J[L<osoortJ+qvpqtt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqopw qw 

„@½Ɗ[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<osoqqqJ+tvpvqqt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\ƆQ[J[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO„R[;Ƕ¾\Oj[L<pppvtwJ+ptquqqt„Mj[I[+L[H

„@[T[9vppqwtv pv rMJ

outtsr„Mj[-X[ġporqpwġoppsst„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Krpwpqtt x pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpurtġostwov„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostwovġ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpx(

ǚz[JU]LíÊ-L^S[K[„O\LSMS<oqsqswJ+qrtwqvt„Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpptooo qw (

osoortJ+qvpqtt„Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ortotqJ+tusvsqt

„OT]rstuqu w pMJ

ÓƬ-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqttrqġorootoQbXŃbR[;\JLotovqtġ

QþTsqoso pp rMJ

oxrwpoġporqpw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxqusqġpoowqw„Mj[(

Ǐdzvprssru pv sMJ

ourxrw„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptqtrġoppppq„Mj[(

Ƕ¾ppxqttx s rMJ

U\Ltpstusv pr qMJ S[ȉsqpptqt pp rMJ

„9H^poqpptqt qt pMJ ǏdzO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QÊ„O\LSMS<oqsqspJ+qrtwpoSI[+L[HO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ@^L[9„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[„W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<oqsqspJ+

qrtwpoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[„T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SŦ L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[TL[XO[„L/„O\LSMS<

oqsqspJ+qrtwpoSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osooqwJ+qvpqrvtSI[+L[H<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS „íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚQ[J[L<osooqwJ+qvpqrvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1dz:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osooqwJ+ qvpqrvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[LíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pppvtqJ+ptquvtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<oqsqspJ+qrtwpoSI[+L[HL[\ƚ

LíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L <osooqwJ+qvpqrvtSI[+L[HL[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

Tö\QI^LS[\UH\Oj[Lotoxsw„Mj[(99­CS[\UH\Oj[Lovquro„Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loxsqpr„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH \Oj[Lpptsou„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH„OL^9[oqovou„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UHQ[J[Losqsps„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Lourwoq

„Mj[(Q9SS[\UH„WŁ[owrtru„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHS[\Hpopsqv„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\Hppsrrq„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opptov„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/orooss„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď104


uX[7LpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx@^LvpsO[+T[bJUpt.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTw.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpq/b=L.W[QuU[7LppU[7j[T xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotouquO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrrtJ+qusroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqporq qx 

Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orooswJ+qssqrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGOO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qusroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oroxotJ+ttqqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqsrqto pw rMJ

owqqrxJ+wupvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotovsvÄĄ

O^Krqoppo x qMJ

ororpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostpqtÄĄourxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworpsÄĄ

ǜžpqoqto s sMJ

potoqrÄĄpprqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqtqÄĄotouquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqppqps pp rMJ

owstopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrostÄĄpopqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqt(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotovsv\Oj[LoxrwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqtpq qx (

<ortotpJ+tusvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrrtJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rttrqw w pMJ

Â&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<pooqooJ+pqptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<

QĂžTsqosotv pp rMJ

outuoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtooxÄĄporqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsttÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprsqq pv sMJ

oxquswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoropotÄĄorsqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

U\Ltptotp pr qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLovtooxÄĄowsspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoworpsÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqppqps qt pMJ

popqpsÄĄpptrsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpuqqÄĄporssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroosqJ+qssqpvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroosqJ+qssqpvtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oroosqJ+qssqpvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L

-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroosqJ+qssqpvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrqvJ+quspoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrqvJ+quspoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS <orrrqvJ+quspoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pooqpsJ+pqpuvtS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroosqJ+qssqpvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrrqvJ+quspoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovqqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpptopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqorppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosqopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoursowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrpso

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoporpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opppppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/otopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?105


vX[7LpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;prĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^LvpsO[+T[bJUpu.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTx.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpr/b=L.W[QvU[7LpqU[7j[T xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoustO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrvsuJ+qrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opopsx ro 

M_O­[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrvsuJ+qrsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

wvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ouqpspJ+rqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wvtqro px rMJ

potorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsovÄĄoprvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqpxrqÄĄ

O^Krqpswsq x qMJ

ourxspÄĄovqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtqpÄĄorpuswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqpqsqs s sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourxspÄĄovtwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorswqqÄĄotoust

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrp(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtoooJ+qspssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opopss ro (

<optxtxJ+tqwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<owqrooJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rutorp w qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoxrwrxÄĄopptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstouÄĄ

QĂžTsqppvtu pp rMJ

orsroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouoqpsÄĄoutuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ç?Çłvprrxso pv sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotowowÄĄousxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwptÄĄourxsp

U\Ltptstx pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqpxr pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpxr qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqtopuJ+qsptqoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqtopuJ+qsptqoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwooJ+qrsssoSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L <owqqtsJ+wuttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqrwooJ+qrsssoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ 

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpwrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxrsqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsupsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouropqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqvsr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpoourtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/opovptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostwooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?106


wX[7LpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;psĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]p@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUpv.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTpo.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHps/b=L.W[QwU[7LprU[7j[T xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovotO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppuquJ+qopxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[optssw p 

1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppuquJ+qopxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ouqqorJ+rrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<osoqopJ+tvpqsvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqpqvrq qo rMJ

oworqoÄĄoxqutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotowrpÄĄouoqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krqrrtqv x rMJ

-X[ÄĄpqpspwÄĄoropruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostprqÄĄotstru

ǜžpqqqspp s sMJ

pptsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptsouÄĄoprtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrt(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpsopJ+qqsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opsoso p (

\Oj[L<ooqustJ+swpsrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]rvsvrs w qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouoqrtÄĄoxrwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTsqptstw pp rMJ

-X[ÄĄopptprÄĄoqoxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqprpÄĄoworqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvprrvqx pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoropruÄĄorsrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopqsqÄĄ

U\Ltptxpr pr qMJ

opppswÄĄoqropsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqpttq pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpttq qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqprtsJ+qqsrqvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ooqvooJ+swptptSI[+L[HQ9S

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ooqvoo J+swptptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sp

rsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqprtsJ+qqsrqvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupw

qoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppupxJ+qopxroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqprtsJ+qqsrqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqprtsJ+qqsrqvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/

-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppupxJ+qopxroSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<ouqqpwJ+rsqvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppupxJ+qopxroSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqprts J+qqsrqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovpsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxroqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppsqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opttpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LospqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqrsv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HpooqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpprpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HLb=/oporpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqswtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?107


xX[7LpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;ptĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]q@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUpw.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTpp.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpt/b=L.W[QxU[7Lps U[7j[Txt\X@S]Ç?ÇłM_\G­Q[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ \Oj[L<pprrowJ+puortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtoop q 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppuouJ+qopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SGOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxrpouJ+potsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xtpurv qp rMJ

opquppJ+tosqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotowtsÄĄ

O^Krqtqpqp x rMJ

oxqvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprqrvÄĄoqqoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

ǜžpqrqspx t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoprwpoÄĄoqqoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorputwÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqpqsp pp rMJ

portosÄĄpptrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrw(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJ\Oj[L<oxrpouJ+potsrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqrov q (

pprrowJ+puortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<porsotJ+srrqtvt

Â&#x201E;OT]rwssrx w qMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<osoqqtJ+tvprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

QĂžTsqqrqr pp rMJ

outvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrpqÄĄopptqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqprpÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprrtqx pv sMJ

ortvrpÄĄotstrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororqvÄĄortvrp

U\Ltptprrp pr qMJ

ostwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutopsÄĄowrprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poqpqsp qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppuqoJ+qopwrtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprrooJ+puoptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9S O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oppuqoJ+qopwrtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<pprrooJ+puoptSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppuqoJ+ qopwrtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxrotwJ+

potspqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppuqoJ+qopwrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oxrotwJ+potspqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]

Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<pprrooJ+puoptSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrotwJ+potspqt SI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pprrooJ+puoptSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppuqoJ+qopwrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oxrotwJ+ potspqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovposwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxquqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optpqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosowroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouqqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpxtp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?108


poX[7LpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;puĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]r@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUpx.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTpq.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpu/b=L.W[QpoU[7Lpt U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotovsvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<oxrptpJ+potuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorsvrv r 

pqootqJ+pvwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<oxrptp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;S\Oj[L<ovpuowJ+tpuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[LS[\H<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpxpvss qq rMJ

porrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptqxÄĄororrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvrrÄĄ

O^Krqvupw x sMJ

pprqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwqrÄĄoroqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžpqsqssx t pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoutortÄĄowrptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprtstÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxso(

\ĆťH]j[\Oj[L<ovpuowJ+tpuvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orpoou r (

J+potuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqtptJ+rwxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rxspss w qMJ

porwquJ+srsqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLovtpqpÄĄ

QĂžTsqrxpp pp rMJ

otstruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxrvÄĄovqproÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvowÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprrrsq pv sMJ

opptqxÄĄoqoxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpsrwÄĄpqturpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltptpvtt pr qMJ

orpvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtwowÄĄoxpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqotxrp pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqotxrp qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<pqoosuJ+pvwsqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovpuqqJ+tpusqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚ

S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9 \Oj[L<porptpJ+prqtqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h] .\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxrpssJ+potuvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;

\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpuqqJ+tpusqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqoosuJ+pvwsqtSI[+L[Hqsuv xppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porptpJ+prqtqtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqr

qtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrpssJ+potuvtSI[+L[H \ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxrpssJ+potuvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

ovpuqqJ+tpusqtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxrpssJ+potuvtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<pqoosuJ+pvwsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ovpuqqJ+tpusqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<porptpJ+prqtqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b; Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovoutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxqqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpprsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LososrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupwqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpttt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppqrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqttquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqspotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?109


ppX[7LpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]s@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUqo.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTpr.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpv/b=L.W[QppU[7Lpu U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowowO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ovpvpsJ+tpwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lossvpp s 

porqssJ+prqvrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[\Oj[L<owttoxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ouotruJ+rqpxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9porqwpw qr sMJ

rupxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotoxspÄĄoutvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Krqwtopu x sMJ

O[bS[S[\HovqpqwÄĄoxqvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprwrvÄĄotowow

ǜžpqtqtrx t pMJ

potpooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvrwÄĄpqqprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;sqotuqo pp rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrqoxÄĄpoprqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrpooÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsp(

H`H]j[\Oj[L<ostqrqJ+txputÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osoqpw s (

xqqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SG;S\Oj[L<ovpvpsJ+tpwtqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rporwto w rMJ

ostqrqJ+txputÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½Q[J[L<ovspqpJ+

QĂžTsqrsuqq pp sMJ

-X[ÄĄoxrxrxÄĄppqvrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvrtÄĄotstrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvprrqu pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxruÄĄortvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqvppÄĄ

U\Ltptqqqr pr qMJ

potpooÄĄpprqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptsrwÄĄoprttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poqotuqo qt pMJ

orsxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<porqrvJ+prqvqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owttoqJ+xqqqoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U

ÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpvowJ+

tpwrvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp

prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<porqrvJ+prqvqoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owttoqJ+xqqqoSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpvowJ+tpwrvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<porqrvJ+prqvqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpvowJ+tpwrvtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owttoqJ+xqqqoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovpvowJ+

tpwrvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ostqsuJ+txpusoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ovpvowJ+tpwrvtS

I[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<porqrvJ+prqvqoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ostqsuJ+txpusoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;

R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owttoqJ+

xqqqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LovoqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpwrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpproqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHQ[J[LosoorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LoupsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpptx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxtotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqtprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?110


pqX[7LpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;pxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]t@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUqp.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTps.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpx/b=L.W[QpqU[7Lpv U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowrpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ostrrxJ+txpwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotsvrt t 

UH\PV[\Oj[L<owtupwJ+xqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ostrrxJ+txpwtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrxqxJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9popvstpq qs sMJ

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLQ[J[L<osrxruJ+qwsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;

O^Ksorrpo po pMJ

outwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrtpÄĄopptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžpququsw t pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpvowÄĄostwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostwpxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxsp(

I[+L[H>H^I­]\Oj[L<oqqstwJ+truvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ostxsr t (

ovptowJ+tpprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]rpprttv w rMJ

quprqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oqqstwJ+truvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTsqsqrru pp sMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtutsÄĄoroqsqQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpoouÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprrosq pv sMJ

oxrxtsÄĄporrtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvprÄĄpooxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltptqutu pr qMJ

ourxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptsooÄĄoppqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqotrx pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqotrx qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owtupoJ+xqtpoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłS JU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqqstpJ+trttoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L -bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovptqrJ+

tpqpoSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ 

\Oj[L<owtupoJ+xqtpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L< oqqstpJ+trttoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvw

popqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owtupoJ+xqtpoSI[+L[Hqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsqu qvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovptqrJ+tpqpoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ \Oj[L<owtupoJ+xqtpoSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ovptqrJ+tpqpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L< owtupoJ+xqtpoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqqstpJ+trttoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L< owtupoJ+xqtpoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[

.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqqstpJ+trttoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovptqrJ+ tpqpoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutxooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpsspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouporqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowor

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?111


prX[7LpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qoĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]u@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUqq.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTpt.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqo/b=L.W[QprU[7LpwU[7j[T xt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]L[;MÄ?Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotowtsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ S[\H<pptvqtJ+sutvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lousvov u 

\Oj[L<otrurrJ+psÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opruosJ+qprtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqto qt sMJ

ÄĄporsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppttoÄĄororspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostprqÄĄ

O^Ksqpsts po pMJ

orsstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpppÄĄpprroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpqvqwpv t qMJ

9^\T9S[\HoworpxÄĄowstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrqssÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqosxtw pp rMJ

oxpusuÄĄportqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxso(

LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­P[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<ovpupuJ+tpsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Louopqr v (

oppppsJ+qopsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<pptvqtJ+sutvpt

Â&#x201E;OT]rpqrrt w rMJ

I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotporpÄĄoutwqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtqpw

QĂžTsqtotq pp sMJ

ourxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworpxÄĄoxqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄororooÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprqxro pv sMJ

orsstwÄĄotowtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtqpwÄĄowsuprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltptrprs pr qMJ

poprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoprtpÄĄpptstvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poqosxtw qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ovpupoJ+tpsvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[ L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otrusvJ+psrtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L

-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V

\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovpupoJ+tpsvtSI[+L[H O`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ovpupoJ+tpsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrusvJ+

psrtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovpupoJ+tpsvtSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrusvJ+psrtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\L O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ovpupoJ+tpsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pptvpwJ+sututvtS I[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovpupoJ+tpsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<pptvpwJ+sututvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otrusvJ+psrt SI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouttosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxpostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppqqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LououruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosow

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxsqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpppqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqsrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?112


psX[7LpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qpĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]v@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUqr.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTpu.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqp/b=L.W[QpsU[7LpxU[7j[T xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ S[\H<oxrstuJ+sotxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovssos v 

otrvsqJ+putqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<ososqwJ+tvpqsqt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@S[\H<oxrstuJ+sotxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owqurrJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppuqspq qu sMJ

I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<ovrwrxJ+uwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Ksrttqr po qMJ

pqptpvÄĄoprxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqppvÄĄorstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžpqwros t qMJ

ovqppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruoxÄĄorpvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;sqosusv pp rMJ

ourxpuÄĄovtwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortorqÄĄotoxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrv(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovotrt w (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SG;S\Oj[L<posttqJ+prtvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rprropt w sMJ

wvttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<porsspJ+prqxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqtrwpq pp sMJ

oxsoqrÄĄoppttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowstpuÄĄpotppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprqwqx pv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouostoÄĄoutwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourxpuÄĄ

U\Ltptrupv pr qMJ

otpotvÄĄoutptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostwpsÄĄourxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poqosusv qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<otrvrtJ+purtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KS JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ososqoJ+tvpqqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018; OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<

ovrwrqJ+uvtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<otrvrtJ+purtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L< ovrwrqJ+uvtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otrvrtJ+purtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ososqoJ+tvpqqqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrvrtJ+purtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<oxrtpoJ+sporqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<oxrtpoJ+

sporqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otrvrtJ+purtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxrtpoJ+sporqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ososqoJ+tvpqqqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ .\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoutpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxoutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprpssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orswtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LouoqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoopq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrxorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppowoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrxssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osroqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?113


ptX[7LpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qqĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]w@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUqs.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTpv.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqq/b=L.W[QptU[7LqoU[7j[T xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotoxspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ovqqppJ+rtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howrvpw w 

<oqsrppJ+trswqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owqvspJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

<ouqoruJ+qtptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;K`\H\Oj[L<ovrxqw

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oorxps p pMJ

;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLouotpsÄĄoxsorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoworpqÄĄ

O^Kstrsrq po qMJ

oppuoqÄĄoqoxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqppoÄĄoworpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžpqxrqpo t qMJ

9^\T9S[\HororrtÄĄorstrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopspvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqosrrv pp rMJ

opprpsÄĄoqrqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxrs(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<osotptJ+tvpssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowpoqs x (

wpostÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovqqppJ+rtqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;OT]rpsqvqt w sMJ

J+upopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<ostrowJ+txprpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

QĂžTsquptrs pp sMJ

oxqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotppqrÄĄouotpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprqvso pv sMJ

pqptquÄĄororrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLostpquÄĄotstpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltptsps pr qMJ

ppttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttptÄĄopruprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poqosrrv qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<oqsrosJ+trswvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqsros J+trswvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

oqsrosJ+trswvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ovqqqsJ+rtqvrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ovqqqsJ+rtqvrqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrxqpJ+uxttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovqqqsJ+rtqvrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<oqsrosJ+trswvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoxoqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orssttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtupv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpposprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrtsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?114


puX[7LpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qrĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]x@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUqt.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTpw.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqr/b=L.W[QpuU[7Lqp U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpoouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ Q[J[L<otqrqwJ+roqxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxqurs x 

O[TO\Oj[L<ouqpqsJ+qtrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otqrqw

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

;SÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<ostrrsJ+txpsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opssusx q pMJ

outxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsspÄĄoppuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovqporÄĄ

O^Ksvpqpt po rMJ

ortvrqÄĄotstpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororssÄĄortvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqorsrr t rMJ

ostwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutqsrÄĄowrrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqx(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<oprvqrJ+tpqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxpsqp po (

J+roqxvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osrorqJ+twptsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]rptqsru w sMJ

oqqortJ+tqtosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotppsxÄĄ

QĂžTsqutqtx pq pMJ

oxqvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrroÄĄoqqpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvprqvr pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HoprxsrÄĄoqqpswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpvppÄĄ

U\Ltptsttu pr qMJ

portrxÄĄpptsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqosoqu pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqosoqu qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oprvpuJ+tpqroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ \W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oprvpuJ+tpqroSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oprvpuJ+tpqroSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oprvpuJ+tpqroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/

L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<otqrspJ+roqxsoSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouqppvJ+

qtrsoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<otqrspJ+roqxso SI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LousrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpppotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orspooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovtqqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxrpppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HppoopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqrptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpvqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?115


pvX[7LpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]po@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUqu.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTpx.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqs/b=L.W[QpvU[7Lqq U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotporpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrqvJ+qupvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopqqp po 

Â&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<osrpqoJ+twpvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tsrproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­\Oj[L<ooosrtJ+svxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqwsruo r pMJ

ororsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqxÄĄotstopÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwswÄĄ

O^Kswswqu po rMJ

orospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuppÄĄoqoxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqprvpr t rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLopruqpÄĄorpvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtvsuÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxqr(

I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<ootpqrJ+sxurvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpopust pp (

MS<orsrqvJ+qupvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oropqoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpuqpsx w sMJ

I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JLovtrrtÄĄporstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuppÄĄ

QĂžTsqvroqv pq pMJ

ovqotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqvptÄĄpprrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoprxtvÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprqurw pv sMJ

pqptsrÄĄpqtvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutrotÄĄowrrtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpttotq pr qMJ

oxpusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqorvpt pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqorvpt qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrqpJ+qupvsqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<ootprvJ+sxvpqtSI[+L[H O`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[ Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

orsrqpJ+qupvsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqst vxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ootprvJ+sxvpqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqp qrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ootprvJ+sxvpqtS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrqpJ+qupvsqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsrqpJ+

qupvsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ootprvJ+sxvpqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowttoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppoutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LottotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovswqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqprrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?116


pwX[7LpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pp@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUqv.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTqo.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqt/b=L.W[QpwU[7Lqr U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpotvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtsvJ+qrqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpottrv pp 

Q`;\US[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtsvJ+qrqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sqpwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpqssÄĄovooppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqqwqp s pMJ

O[bS[S[\HovqostÄĄoxqvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsopoÄĄotpotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Kspoqqtw po sMJ

potprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwswÄĄpqqqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqqsox t rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrspqÄĄpopstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrqtqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxpu(

I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<ooqxtrJ+swppstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpppvrp pq (

<opturwJ+tpswrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?OS[\H<poowoqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpvpxq x pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxspqpÄĄppqwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortvqtÄĄotsstqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTsqwvtv pq pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxtwÄĄortvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqvprÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprquqt pv sMJ

potprqÄĄpprrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttsoÄĄopruqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpttttq pr qMJ

ortptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqorss pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqorss qt pMJ Ç?ÇłO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ooqxstJ+swppqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtsoJ+qrqqoSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ooqxstJ+

swppqtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ooqxstJ+swppqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS <oqqtsoJ+qrqqoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtsoJ+qrqqoS

I[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ooqxstJ+swppqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowtpouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LppoqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsutuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovssqw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpotqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?117


pxX[7LpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;quĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pq@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUqw.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTqp.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqu/b=L.W[QpxU[7Lqs U[7j[Txt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9[\Q9[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppqrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprsqtJ+qotrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpprvqw pq 

.Ă?­[9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprsqtJ+qotrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rwqosqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtwppÄĄorossv

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqttwt t pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsprtÄĄportpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqvppÄĄ

O^Ksppttss po sMJ

ostvssÄĄourwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptstrÄĄoppsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourxow(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[\Oj[L<oortqqJ+swqspvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqputu pr (

<oppxrxJ+toptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrrqwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rpwpupv x pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotprppÄĄovoorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄportpuÄĄoppupw

QĂžTsqwstrp pq pMJ

pooxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpvotÄĄostvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvprquqs pv sMJ ǜžqrsrqq t sMJ

U\Ltpuotv pr qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqorotr pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqorotr qt pMJ

Ç?ÇłO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twtutvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprsrxJ+qotrsoSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oortrvJ+swqsttSI[+L[H\QI^L S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprsrxJ+ qotrsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxppprpt pupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oortrvJ+swqsttSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/

Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oortrvJ+swqsttSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprsrxJ+qotrsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[ 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprsrxJ+qotrsoSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprsrxJ+qotrsoSI[+L[H

O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< oortrvJ+swqsttSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LourpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotxoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppqorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotsrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovsorq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqqoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osposxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?118


qoX[7LpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pr@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUqx.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTqq.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqv/b=L.W[QqoU[7Lqt U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotppsxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppqrrJ+pxtvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqpxop pr 

.Ă?­[\Oj[L<opposuJ+sxtprvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L<ovqqrxJ+rtqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qxpqpt u pMJ

portqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqpÄĄororrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostotrÄĄ

O^Ksprqurw pp pMJ

orsvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotprvÄĄpprrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžqssuto t sMJ

9^\T9S[\HowoqrwÄĄowsstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowrssuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;sqoqvsr pp rMJ

oxpursÄĄportsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwtw(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotprrx\Oj[LoxspsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opptqq ps (

MS<oppqrrJ+pxtvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<oppqttJ+sxtv

Â&#x201E;OT]rpxprrr x pMJ

OĂ&#x2026;-Q`HbR[;\JLotprrxÄĄovoottÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovtsrrÄĄ

QĂžTsqxqrv pq pMJ

ourwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqrwÄĄoxqvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorototÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprqurs pv sMJ

orsvqoÄĄotppsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtsrrÄĄowswppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpuuv pr qMJ

poptqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoptqoÄĄpptttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^poqoqvsr qt pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<opporwJ+sxtppvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppqquJ+pxtutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<opporw J+sxtppvtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<opporwJ+sxtppvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppqquJ+pxtutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<opporwJ+sxtppvtS I[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppqquJ+pxtutvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppqquJ+pxtutvt SI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<opporwJ+sxtppvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowsrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpottouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opowovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrurv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxptqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpossrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqopsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?119


qpX[7LpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ps@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUro.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTqr.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqw/b=L.W[QqpU[7Lqu U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqppwJ+qopvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opoppt

M^V½[9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqppwJ+qopvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rrqtroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsqoqÄĄoppuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqqporw v pMJ

-X[ÄĄoqqrouÄĄorsvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouovsqÄĄovoppv

O^Kspsttro pp pMJ

orputvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpsovÄĄoutsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostvqt

ǜžqttorr t sMJ

ortqtwÄĄotpqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwsw(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^\Oj[L<oqpuqsJ+tqrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

ps O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqtx pt (

<oprvroJ+totvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<ourupxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqopotp x qMJ

O[bS[S[\HowsssuÄĄpotprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuprÄĄopsosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtoosu pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourvtrÄĄovqoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopruqwÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprqutu pv sMJ

ÄĄourvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourvtrÄĄovtvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Ltpuppqo pr qMJ

S[Č&#x2030;sqoqsrq pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqoqsrq qt pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oprvstJ+totvtqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oqpurvJ+tqrtqtSI[+L[H99­C

S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqppqJ+ qopvsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oprvstJ+

totvtqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqpurvJ+tqrtqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqpurvJ+tqrtqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqppqJ+qopvsqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqppqJ+qopvsqtSI[+L[HXO[ \W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oqpurvJ+tqrtqtS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrxpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpotppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opospqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrtoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovrqsp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxpprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HposorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqpqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?120


qqX[7LpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pt@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUrp.V[ipqpP[SH]j\W\PTqs.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqx/b=L.W[QqqU[7Lqv U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpqssO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqopoqJ+qptutÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opsstw

9SGU9^\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqopoqJ+qptutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rqqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;\JLouowowÄĄoxsqpu

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rstrtt w pMJ

ouowowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqsÄĄoqoxtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxtvÄĄ

O^Kspuqqpq pp pMJ

ostorqÄĄotssosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorotsqÄĄorsworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqutsrp u pMJ

opruqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppsrrÄĄoqrrtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwru(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<ortprrJ+turppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

pt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Loroxsq pu (

oqrqqoJ+trprpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Q[J[L<oupsovJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqpwpo x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowoqpvÄĄoxqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpsruÄĄ

QĂžTtorwqv pq qMJ

owoqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuqoÄĄorotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvprqvro pv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpoptsrÄĄpptuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptuouÄĄ

U\Ltpupurw pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqoqpqp pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqoqpqp qt pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ortpsvJ+turpsvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqootsJ+qpttstSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ortpsvJ+turpsvtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopp prptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ortpsvJ+turpsvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqootsJ+

qpttstSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqootsJ+qpttstSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ortpsvJ+turpsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\L XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LoupxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opoopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotrpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqwss

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxovruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqowpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortxopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?121


qrX[7LpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;roĂ&#x2DC;]KSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pu@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUpX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqt.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHro/b=L.W[QqrU[7Lqw U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprppO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxrrJ+qssupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrosq

-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ottqrwJ+prqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[9SGL[;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tururqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[HQ[J[L<ouprtpJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rpvqrrp x pMJ

-X[ÄĄporttwÄĄoppuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxsqÄĄoxqutrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Kspvsuru pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLororqrÄĄortutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsppsÄĄ

ǜžqvtwss u pMJ

outtqpÄĄowrtrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportsuÄĄppttptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwqr(

I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<ortotuJ+tuqxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

pu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losotop pv (

<oroxrrJ+qssupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<ortspoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqqtro x qMJ

rqqutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotptosÄĄovoqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtppupq pq qMJ

-X[ÄĄpprsorÄĄoqqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortutqÄĄotsrto

Ç?Çłvprqwpt pv sMJ

oqqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorpustÄĄostvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltpuqpuo pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqopwpo pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqopwpo qt pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ottqtqJ+prrpvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S 9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ottqtqJ+prrpvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­C O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ottqtqJ+prrpvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxsuJ+qssustSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottqtqJ+prrpvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; 8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxsuJ+qssustSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroxsuJ+qssustS I[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowrpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LposrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtuqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqssw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHS[\HoxorsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HporqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqosqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?122


qsX[7LpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;p3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pv@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUqX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqu.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpX[z[L.W[QqsU[7Lqx U[7j[Txt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotprrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<ossqttJ+qwrwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orpwrv

owpsprJ+vqtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otrvpuJ+otrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqxsprx x sMJ

ovtttoÄĄporuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqtÄĄororpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Kspxwrq pp qMJ

oxqusuÄĄpprsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopspquÄĄoroupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqxrpo u pMJ

pqtwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLouttssÄĄowrtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lourwox(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[\Oj[L<ottprxJ+proptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[\Oj[L<

pv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lostwpw pw (

ortqtqJ+turrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ossqttJ+qwrwqt

Â&#x201E;OT]rqrqtp x qMJ

OS]j[LQ[J[L<ourptxJ+rrpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTtptrtx pq qMJ

ortusqÄĄotsrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourvooÄĄovpxquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprqxpq pv sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuqtÄĄoqoxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpurrÄĄ

U\Ltpuqvqt pr qMJ

opruqvÄĄorpurwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovturtÄĄoxpuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqopstx pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqopstx qt pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ottptsJ+protqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owpsouJ+vqtpoSI[+L[H \W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[ WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ottptsJ+protqtS

I[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsu wpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottptsJ+protqtSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpsouJ+vqtpoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottptsJ+protqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

Q[J[L<ossqsvJ+qwrwtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ossqsvJ+qwrwtSI[+L[H O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ottptsJ+protqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ossqsvJ+qwrwtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owpsouJ+vqtpoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouppsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotqrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovqotq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpqooqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?123


qtX[7LpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;q3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pw@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUrX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqv.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqX[z[L.W[QqtU[7Lp \ĆľT9Jxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ourrttJ+rrpssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osowqw

9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otrttuJ+osxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;M\S<Q[J[L<ovorquJ+rsqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9spptpo po sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorturqÄĄotsrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpxoxÄĄoxqurx

O^Ksqoqvsx pp rMJ

orturqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqurxÄĄpotprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqpovto u qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpptuqpÄĄopruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowruppÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvtr(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[\Oj[L<owpqtsJ+vqqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]

pw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotswto px (

ourrttJ+rrpssqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovrsqrJ+tssso

Â&#x201E;OT]rqsops x rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotpuoqÄĄovoqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsqtsÄĄppqxrx

QĂžTtqrpsx pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsprwÄĄotpsovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoxsvÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprroqp pv sMJ

ppqxrxÄĄpqqroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotprwÄĄpprsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpurqtt pr qMJ

popupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrsstÄĄortsquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqoppsw pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqoppsw qt pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C  Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<owprowJ+vqqstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<posvrtJ+prsvsoSI[+L[H\W+X

S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sq

rtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owprowJ+vqqstSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqp qqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posvrtJ+prsvsoSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[H H^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owprowJ+vqqstSI[+L[H<S

W[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<oursoxJ+rrptpvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<posvrtJ+prsvsoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<oursoxJ+rrptpvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L< posvrtJ+prsvsoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<oursoxJ+rrptpvtS

I[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<

otruppJ+otoqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L< owprowJ+vqqstSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJQ[J[L<oursoxJ+rrptpvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posvrtJ+prsvsoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouovtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowqrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LportqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqswqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orotrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovputv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?124


quX[7LpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;r3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]px@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUsX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqw.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHrX[z[L.W[QquU[7Lp \ĆľT9Jxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpsruO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrspvJ+rwpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ostxrv

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovrrotJ+tspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;\UOQ[J[L<ovspsrJ+rurÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqrtssw pp sMJ

ovoroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuquÄĄoppuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Ksqpsspv pp rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLorpuqpÄĄostuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostuqoÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvru(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<posustJ+prstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]

px O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louruou qo (

owrspvJ+rwpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxrttoJ+posvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqstvrw x rMJ

-Q`HbR[;S[\HpqtxpuÄĄoroutuQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpurpÄĄ

QĂžTtrxsp pq qMJ

oxsrovÄĄporuquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxqurpÄĄpooxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvprrpsp pv sMJ

ourupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppttqvÄĄopptpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqpppqsr u qMJ

U\Ltpurwqx pr qMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqowrw pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqowrw qt pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<posurwJ+prstpvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<ovsptvJ+rurrtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Q[J[L<

ovsptvJ+rurrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posurwJ+prstpvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspu pwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<posurwJ+prstpvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrsrpJ+rwptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<posurwJ+prstpvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owrsrpJ+rwptSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrqtuJ+tspqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<posurwJ+prstpvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owrsrpJ+rwptSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouortvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowpxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LporprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqssrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oropsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotptqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovprop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoqotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpptqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsrpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?125


qvX[7LpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;s3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qo@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUtX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqx.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHsX[z[L.W[QqvU[7Lq\ĆľT9J xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<porsrxJ+srpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ottpqo

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxrsrpJ+posrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;S[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rvrvqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotpvooÄĄovorrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tttuqw pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄossxqsÄĄourtttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowopowÄĄoxquqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqqtvst pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxtpÄĄotptosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtusvÄĄ

ǜžqpqpvsx u qMJ

owrussÄĄpopuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopuruÄĄpptuqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvpx(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqrqwJ+qopupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

qo O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovpxtx qp (

porsrxJ+srpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpxtxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqttts x rMJ

-X[ÄĄovtusvÄĄporursÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuqpÄĄoroqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtrsvru pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄorovpsÄĄorsxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotprtÄĄpprspp

Ç?Çłvprrrpr pv sMJ

owtoorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HowopowÄĄowsrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltpussu pr rMJ

9[TS[\HoxptsqÄĄportruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sqotqv pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqotqv qt pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqrqpJ+qopttqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< opqrqpJ+qopttqtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqrqpJ+qopttqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł 9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<porsrpJ+srprsvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opqrqp J+qopttqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<porsrpJ+srprsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxrsqrJ+posrqvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[; 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <opqrqpJ+qopttqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<porsrpJ+srprsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LouoooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowptssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotpprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovoxot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpopvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppswruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?126


qwX[7LpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;t3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qp@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUuX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTro.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHtX[z[L.W[QqwU[7Lr\ĆľT9J xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotptrrO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ooqsrrJ+svsuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousqtt qq 

OO\Oj[L<pprotuJ+ptrrrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ooqsrrJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsrroÄĄoppupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpvtxrt pr rMJ

oqqstrÄĄortoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouposqÄĄovortsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksqsvtx pp sMJ

orpuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotpvqxÄĄoutvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosttsu

ǜžqprqrv u rMJ

orttrrÄĄotptrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourvoo(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrsrJ+qurortÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howoosp qq (

svsuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owtpotJ+rwtruo

Â&#x201E;OT]rqutqrp x sMJ

owsrrqÄĄpotprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputqÄĄopsqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtsqtrs pq rMJ

9^\T9S[\HourtrpÄĄovpwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprupuÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprrstv pv sMJ

ÄĄourtrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourtrpÄĄovttrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Ltpusxsw pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;sqoqpu pp rMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poqoqpu qt pMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrrvJ+quroqoSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L

O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

ortrrvJ+quroqoSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ooqsqvJ+svsupoSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[ Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<pproswJ+ptrrpvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortrrvJ+quroqoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ooqsqvJ+svsupoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowppswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtrswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotovrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovotox

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owssopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpoprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppssspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?127


qxX[7LpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;u3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qq@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUvX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTrp.V[iuruÂ&#x2026;QcHuX[z[L.W[QqxU[7Ls \ĆľT9Jxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpuoqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<optuovJ+tprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lousqtt qq 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppqrsJ+pxsuqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rxrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLouppovÄĄoxsrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uovrv ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppuptÄĄoqoxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvtoÄĄowoors

O^Ksqtpssv pp sMJ

otsptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorovtpÄĄortorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžqpsqwrw u rMJ

9[TS[\HopptspÄĄoqrtswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loururx(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[Q[J[L<ouowtpJ+rqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howoosp qq (

optuovJ+tprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśPS[\H<oxowtpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqvsxuo x sMJ

S[\HowoorsÄĄoxquopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpvtxÄĄouppov

QĂžTttrrt pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputuÄĄorovtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosswsxÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprrutq pv sMJ

poputsÄĄppturqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppturqÄĄopruppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltputtrr pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;spxtxt pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxtxt qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ouowsrJ+rqutoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[

O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ouowsrJ+rqutoSI[+L[Hp rtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ouowsrJ+rqutoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł 9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<optuqrJ+ tprssvtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<optuqrJ+tprssvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<optuqr J+tprssvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppqswJ+pxsvqtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<optuqrJ+tprssvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LottqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowovtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsxtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LotorsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lovoppr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpooxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opquqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?128


roX[7LpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrpX[7L>[Ĺ&#x192;v3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qr@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUwX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHvX[z[L.W[QroU[7Lt \ĆľT9Jxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpurpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oroqtpJ+tspxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrrts qr 

;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrqrvJ+qrtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oroqtp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotpwqwÄĄovosrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporutvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upqqrto pt qMJ

oqqtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorttquÄĄotsprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

O^Ksqupvtu pp sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLorptrvÄĄosttoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoutwooÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourupw(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoppvJ+rusvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howrwsr qr (

J+tspxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ǜžS[\H<oxovtsJ+rxrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]rqwsvro x sMJ

oppuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpvqvÄĄoxqttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprspqÄĄ

QĂžTttsprx pq rMJ

\JLoroqqpÄĄorttquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsqrsÄĄoqqtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvprrwtw pv sMJ

owrvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HportqqÄĄppttruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqptrsqo u rMJ U\Ltpvpqp pr rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spxttts pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxttts qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoppoJ+rusustSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[ 9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoppoJ+rusustSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L -9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoppoJ+rusustSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ororotJ+tsqoqoS I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owoppoJ+rusustSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ororotJ+tsqoqoSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<ororotJ+tsqoqoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L

I[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS <oqrqqxJ+qrtqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owoppoJ+rusustSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ororotJ+tsqoqoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotswprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowortuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoptswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsttuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutvpv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owruoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpootpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprusxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqqqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?129


rpX[7LpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;w3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qs@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUxX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHwX[z[L.W[QrpU[7Lu \ĆľT9Jxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvooO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-Ć&#x2020;Q] @j[ \Oj[L<orsoqtJ+tttqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowqspp qs 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtpwJ+qtpttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rwrspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLovtwooÄĄporvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqstpr pu qMJ

O[bS[S[\HoursprÄĄovpvosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqtrvÄĄpprsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqvpvpp pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvoqÄĄpqtxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoutwqqÄĄ

ǜžqpusops u sMJ

ovtsrsÄĄoxpsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourttt(

LOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[S[\H<oxquqsJ+sopwrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxpssv qs (

orsoqtJ+tttqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owssrwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]rqxstq x sMJ

-X[ÄĄoppuovÄĄoroqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorttpoÄĄotsppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtupxst pq rMJ

-X[ÄĄopsqssÄĄorowqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppuovÄĄoqoxow

Ç?Çłvprsppu pv sMJ

owrvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprttxÄĄorptqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltpvvps pr rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spxtqss pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxtqss qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtppJ+qtptrtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[S[\H<oxqupvJ+sopwqoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtppJ+qtptrtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L

9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

oxqupvJ+sopwqoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ S[\H<oxqupvJ+sopwqoSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxqupvJ+ sopwqoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/

\Oj[L<orsosoJ+tttrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtppJ+qtptrtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<oxqupvJ+sopwqoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orsosoJ+tttrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LowooooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpopptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loutrqp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HpooppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpprqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqrrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?130


pP[JpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;x3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qt@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUpoX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTrX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHxX[z[L.W[QpP[Ȣv\ĆľT9Jxt \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpX[7LpqpQ[\S vpsvqs Â&#x201E;T/M[9M[ J+ptrxuo <pprrSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvqxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<orsvoqJ+tuvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxprtu qt 

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvsuJ+quposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rurtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotpxqvÄĄovotqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vvrprt pv qMJ

O[bS[S[\HovpurxÄĄoxqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsqtsÄĄotpvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksqwpqpv pq pMJ

potppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpproovÄĄpqqrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžqpvsuqo u sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowrwopÄĄpopvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqrurrÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtrp(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[S[\H<poqpruJ+sqrtqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxsxsp qt (

orsvoqJ+tuvstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;Q[J[L<ovtvruJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sosqrt po pMJ

-X[ÄĄoxsspqÄĄpproovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortstrÄĄotsosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtutvts pq sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqowtwÄĄortstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxqtqsÄĄ

Ç?Çłvprsrss pv sMJ

potppsÄĄpprsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppturtÄĄoprttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpvprx pr rMJ

ortvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spxsxrr pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxsxrr qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<poqpqxJ+sqrttSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<poqpqxJ+sqrttSI[+L[Hp

qsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<poqpqxJ+sqrttSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<orsvpuJ+tuwqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orsvpuJ+ tuwqoSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orsvrxJ+quporoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<poqpqxJ+sqrttSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<orsvpuJ+ tuwqoSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotsoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoovtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LostptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousxqt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?131


qP[JpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;po3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qu@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUppX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTsX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpoX[z[L.W[QqP[Ȣw\ĆľT9Jxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpvtxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<orsvoxJ+tuwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpoorrr qu 

posuprJ+srrtsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<orsvox

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<orqrorJ+tturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqoquuo pw qMJ

opoootÄĄoroxoqQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotpxtuÄĄovotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqxqtx pq pMJ

9^\T9S[\HoxqtpoÄĄpoowoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpsttÄĄ

ǜžqpwtqru u sMJ

ppttrvÄĄoppupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourtou(

JUQ]\Oj[L<orqrorJ+tturtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[S[\H<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoqspw qu (

J+tuwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orrwtsJ+qtsvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]spsopo po pMJ

Q[J[L<oustsrJ+rrrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;S[\H

QĂžTtvrut pq sMJ

porvptÄĄopptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxssqqÄĄporvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvprsuqs pv sMJ

ostsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLostsotÄĄourrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltpvpxx pr rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spxsuqq pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxsuqq qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<posuotJ+srrtqqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<orqrpvJ+ttvpoSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<orqrpvJ+ttvpoSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx qoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<posuotJ+srrtqqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[ P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<

posuotJ+srrtqqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orqrpvJ+ttvpoSI[+L[H.TJS[\L

O[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/ 9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orqrpvJ+ttvpoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< orrwstJ+qtsvqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<posuotJ+srrtqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;M^S[Q[X[

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<orqrpvJ+ttvpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotruqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovtqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoortxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loustqx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxtrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opporwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orptsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?132


rP[JpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pp3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qv@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUpqX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTtX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHppX[z[L.W[QrP[Ȣx\ĆľT9Jxt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]M\OĂ&#x160;[bS[ML]M^Ă&#x160;J[59[JU].\@9[ÄĄĂ&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TL Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<oqroptJ+tqtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpotrrw qv 

9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orooowJ+qsxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qxrtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotqoqtÄĄovouosÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wrrww px qMJ

-X[ÄĄossvotÄĄourqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtwsxÄĄoxqsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqxsxo pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqqqÄĄotpwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLovtwtrÄĄ

ǜžqpxtxs u sMJ

owrwroÄĄpopvrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvrqÄĄpptursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loursso(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[S[\H<posqopJ+srqruoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotxrs qv (

oqroptJ+tqtrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚQ[J[L<otpoqwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sqrvsv po pMJ

-X[ÄĄovtwtrÄĄporvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptswÄĄoropqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtwpsqo pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄoroxpxÄĄortqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HpotpopÄĄpprsos

Ç?Çłvprsxpu pv sMJ

owtpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovtwsxÄĄowsptqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltpvqtpp pr rMJ

9[TS[\HoxpspoÄĄporstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spxsrpp pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxsrpp qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<posptsJ+srqrsqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

posptsJ+srqrsqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<posptsJ+srqrsqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9 -9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<oqroovJ+tqtrqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqroovJ+

tqtrqtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orooqrJ+qsxttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqroovJ+tqtrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotrqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovswpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LpoooosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqprouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqropsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosssopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lousprr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqoqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxsxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppqpotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opousrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?133


sP[JpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgStP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pq3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qw@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUprX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTuX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpqX[z[L.W[QsP[Ȣpo\ĆľT9Jxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpwtvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<opppppJ+sxrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppsssx qw 

M_O­[V[i[S[\H<popprqJ+squrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

sxrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orpqtpJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpvstv qo qMJ

O[bS[S[\HowsprrÄĄpototsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvowÄĄopsrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ktorou pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HourqppÄĄovptpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprtqwÄĄ

ǜžqqptsq v pMJ

ÄĄourqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HourqppÄĄovtroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortwov

O^SH/Q[J[Lourspr(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqots\Oj[LoxsssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hppruro qw (

MS<optsoqJ+qpqqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<opppppJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]srrtqt po qMJ

qsrxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsssoÄĄopptspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtwtqrv pq sMJ

-X[ÄĄoqquqxÄĄortqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouprsoÄĄovouqt

Ç?Çłvprtqpw pv sMJ

orpsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqotsÄĄoutxsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostrpv

U\Ltpvrppv pr rMJ

ÄĄotpwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spxsoo pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxsoo qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HS[\H<poppqtJ+squpvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+

O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<

poppqtJ+squpvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ S[\H<poppqtJ+squpvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<poppqtJ+

squpvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<oppporJ+sxrsvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< oppporJ+sxrsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<optrtsJ+qpqqroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<poppqtJ+squpvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oppporJ+sxrsvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqoxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqupwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LossootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourvrx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpuqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxstruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpppvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orovttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?134


tP[JpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pr3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qx@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUpsX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTvX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHprX[z[L.W[QtP[Ȣpp\ĆľT9Jxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ S[\H<pprooxJ+stqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqrvsr qx 

Ă&#x2DC;OG[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<pqqrqtJ+pvrtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+pwtuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JLoupsotÄĄoxsssx

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xosurw qp qMJ

oupsotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptrqÄĄoqowprÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpstoÄĄ

O^Ktpuo pq qMJ

ossupuÄĄotrwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoroxtrÄĄortrosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqqpqro v pMJ

oprtpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppurpÄĄoqrvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrss(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[S[\H<oxpwopJ+rxtprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqpupr qx (

<pprooxJ+stqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<pqttsx

Â&#x201E;OT]ssrru po qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtwopÄĄoxqsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqpqsÄĄ

QĂžTtxrotu pq sMJ

ovtwopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvowÄĄoroxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvprttrp pv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLpopvssÄĄppturpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppturpÄĄ

U\Ltpvrvqu pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;spxruto pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxruto qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HS[\H<oxpwpuJ+rxtqpoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[ O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxpwpuJ+ rxtqpoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L

\OJ½[SĹŚ K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxpwpuJ+rxtqpoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H< pproopJ+stqprqtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VS[\H<oxpwpuJ+rxtqpoSI[+L[H M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/S[\H<pproopJ+stqprqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H

Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<

pqqrpwJ+pvrsstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H <oxpwpuJ+rxtqpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<pproopJ+stqprqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovsoqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqotpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqqqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosruppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lourrsr Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxspsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppprprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqtwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orortwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?135


uP[JpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ps3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]ro@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUptX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTwX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpsX[z[L.W[QuP[Ȣpq\ĆľT9Jxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotpxtuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxrossJ+soqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprqsx ro 

;S\Oj[L<porqsoJ+pqtutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@S[\H<oxrossJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<poqqpsJ+pqrotqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpssprq qq qMJ

ovovouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvrrÄĄopptqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpsqoÄĄ

O^Ktpruqv pq qMJ

ortrpsÄĄotrwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoroorvÄĄortrps

ǜžqqrpxqw v pMJ

ostqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoorqÄĄowrxppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lourrps(

M_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owourpJ+rutprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqtxsx ro (

soqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owqtpsJ+vrvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]strosv po qMJ

ovrtppJ+trqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotqptrÄĄ

QĂžTtpoxpx pr pMJ

oxqsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrtqÄĄoqqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvprtwtt pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrrxÄĄoqqutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorprsuÄĄ

U\Ltpvsrrw pr rMJ

porsqsÄĄppttroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spxrrrx pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxrrrx qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owouqsJ+rutppvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovrtosJ+trpstSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrtosJ+

trpstSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+S prtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owouqsJ+rutppvtSI[+L[Hqsuvxppprptpupw qoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owouqsJ+rutppvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxrorvJ+soqptoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L

I[bL/S[\H<oxrorvJ+soqptoSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<poqqqxJ+

pqrproSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owouqsJ+rutppvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJS[\H<oxrorvJ+soqptoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś99­CS[\UH\Oj[LotqosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovruqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxswpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH

\Oj[LpqoppwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqpwquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosrqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Louqxsv Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppoxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\H pqtstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/orooorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?136


vP[JpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pt3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rp@^T[/vpsO[+T[bJUpuX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTxX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHptX[z[L.W[QvP[Ȣpr\ĆľT9Jxt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]S[K[9`Ć&#x2039;SA^TLT\QTĂ&#x2DC;[OL]M_\G­Q[S[:]M_\G­Q[ Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqoqtO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IM_\G­Q[ M_G­[ Q[J[L<ovpvspJ+rsswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqropo rp 

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owquosJ+vrxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<ovpvspJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<ovrtsoJ+trrptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqwsvqp qr qMJ

porvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopptpsÄĄoroopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortqtpÄĄ

O^Ktqppp pq qMJ

pprrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrsuÄĄorpoquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžqqsquru v qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovootrÄĄowrxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoprstuÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqsr(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;K\LĆ&#x160;[Q[J[L<ousoruJ+rrptrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HUH\PV[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opswpw rp (

rsswpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<ouovouJ+ptorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]suqwrp po qMJ

<osrwtsJ+twpovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLovtxtxÄĄ

QĂžTtposvss pr pMJ

otrvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouroqxÄĄovprsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqrswÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpsqro pv sMJ

opptpsÄĄoqovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpvovÄĄopooqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpvsxts pr rMJ

orprqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovtpsrÄĄoxpqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spxroqw pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxroqw qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<ovrttsJ+trrtoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<ousotoJ+rrpupoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV 99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ovrttsJ+trrtoSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ Q[J[L<ovpvttJ+

rsswtqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqsuvxpp

prptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ousotoJ+rrpupoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/Q[J[L<

ovpvttJ+rsswtqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovrttsJ+trrtoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ousotoJ+rrpupoSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ovpvttJ+rsswtqtS I[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovrqqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxssqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptvqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqwpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosspÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxrrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppotqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqtotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpqtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?137


wP[JpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pu3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]p.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUpvX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpoX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpuX[z[L.W[QwP[Ȣps\ĆľT9Jxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqotsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ Q[J[L<osttruJ+qwtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorqxpv p 

M_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGO[TO\Oj[L<ouovtvJ+ptqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ttsvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<osrxsuJ+twpqpvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poprppt qs qMJ

\JLotqqtpÄĄovovsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxstppÄĄpproovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ktqpxuo pq qMJ

opsrtsÄĄotqotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqovrqÄĄortqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

ǜžqqtrrtr v qMJ

pqqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpotopvÄĄpprrspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;spxqvpv pp qMJ

9[TS[\HoqrwoxÄĄortxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourqpp(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[Q[J[L<ototsoJ+qxpvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqsqpv p (

Q[J[L<osttruJ+qwtptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<orsqpoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]svqupv po rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<oprurpJ+torrÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;

QĂžTtppqupq pr pMJ

ortqqwÄĄotrvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovprpvÄĄoxqrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpsupu pv sMJ

O[bS[S[\HoxqrqxÄĄpotopvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpproovÄĄ

U\Ltpvtupq pr rMJ

pptuqqÄĄoprsssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowrxruÄĄpopvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popxqvpv qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<ototrrJ+qxpustSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouowpqJ+ptrqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[9^ĹŚ S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ototrr J+qxpustSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ostttpJ+qwtqro

SI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ototrr J+qxpustSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ostttpJ+qwtqroS

I[+L[HM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ototrrJ+qxpustSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ostttpJ+

qwtqroSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouowpqJ+ptrqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ostttpJ+

qwtqroSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<ototrrJ+qxpustSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsoqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpptrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqporrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosqsqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouqpttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqxtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HppopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqsvorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otowttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?138


xP[JpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSpoP[J>[Ńpv3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]q.;ƆvpsO[+T[bJUpwX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTppX[7Luru…QcHpvX[z[L.W[QxP[Ȣpt\ƵT9Jxt \X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqpqsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ƻH]j[ PÍ[ „O\LSMS<oqqxppJ+qqssso„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losqwtx q 

I[+L[H1ġSP[ÍMJ9SG;S„O\LSMS<oqqxppJ+qqssso„Mj[I[+L[H

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

porqpxJ+sqtqro„Mj[I[+L[HU_T-Q`HbR[;S[\Hopoorqġ

„@[T[9poqvpxtu qt rMJ

oppstr„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstpwġporvsq„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

O^Ktqrqsp pq qMJ

O[SbOT[\JLostpopġouqxpt„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppttpxġopputo

O^SH/Q[J[Lourprw(

I[+L[HH`H]j[LíÊM_O­P[ÍMJ„O\LSMS<orquosJ+qtutqt„Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orsprw q (

O\G@\Oj[L<opptoqJ+sxrwt„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ„R[;K`\HS[\H<

„OT]swqss po rMJ

orpotwQbXŃbR[;\JLotqrpxġovowov„Mj[-X[ġporvsqġ

QþTtpqssq pr pMJ

oxqroxġpoourw„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorpqsuġostpop„Mj[(

Ǐdzvpspopq pv sMJ

„Mj[(

Ƕ¾qquspqo v rMJ U\Ltpwqrs pr rMJ S[ȉspxqsu pp qMJ

„9H^popxqsu qs sMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ9^ŦS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;

H[S[O[K[„O\LSMS<oqqxosJ+qqssqqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]S[ȉSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzS

JU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[„O\LSMS<orqttwJ+qturvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OÑOL­Q[L^ ;L-bƆ[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L„;[dz;H[S[\QÊ@^L[9„W+S„QVO`V

\W+X9L½[KL^9^Ŧ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ „O\LSMS<oqqxosJ+qqssqqtS I[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>ŃKL^S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqs quqvLíÊH„O\LSMS<orqttwJ+qturvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLíÊHXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<oqqxosJ+qqssqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„O\LSMS<orqttwJ+qturvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S„O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ\ÊM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<oqqxosJ+qqssqqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V„O\LSMS<orqttwJ+ qturvtSI[+L[H„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/„O\LSMS<oqqxosJ+qqssqqtSI[+L[HMbC[T :[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW

„R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(„O\LSMS<oqqxosJ+qqssqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJLíÊǶT/bW :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<orqttwJ+ qturvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Lovqsrv„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxruqx„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lppsxqx„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

„OL^9[oqourv„Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[Losqoqu„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Loupvtx„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovtuto„Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\Hoxqttu„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpotvqx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpqsrov„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqswpt„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otostw„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď139


poP[JpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSppP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pw3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]r.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUpxX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpqX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpwX[z[L.W[QpoP[Ȣpu\ĆľT9Jxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqptrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<pqoqswJ+purvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotqvrx r 

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsutoJ+qotvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<oxrxtqJ+porwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;U_T

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pppprxtu qu rMJ

ovowquÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoosuÄĄporvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppsspÄĄ

O^Ktqrxu pq qMJ

oxqqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpppsÄĄortssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

ǜžqqvswtu v rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLowoosuÄĄowtrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovttsrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spxqott pp qMJ

popwouÄĄpptupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxpptuÄĄporrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lourpos(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<oxrxtqJ+porwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osstpr r (

pqoqswJ+purvroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<potoqtJ+srrurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sxqptr po rMJ

Q[J[L<ovqxpqJ+rtprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotqrswÄĄ

QĂžTtpqsrpt pr pMJ

oqtxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossrtwÄĄouqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovttsrÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpspspx pv sMJ

posxttÄĄpprrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortssvÄĄotqptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpwwtw pr rMJ

owrxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsoooÄĄpopwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popxqott qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsusrJ+qotvpvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L 99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqoqsoJ+purvpoSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9S

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsusr J+qotvpvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsusrJ+qotvpvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqoqsoJ+purvpoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

oxsoouJ+porxrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqoqsoJ+purvpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsusrJ+qotvpvtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsoouJ+ porxrqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrqrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppstrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoqsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospuroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovtqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxqqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpotrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/otoporÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?140


ppP[JpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;px3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]s.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUqoX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTprX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpxX[z[L.W[QppP[Ȣpv\ĆľT9Jxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqqqO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oxsposJ+posptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Louqrss s 

pqpqrvJ+pvotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]9SGO[TO\Oj[L<oxsposJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovqvtqJ+tvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqttvsq qv rMJ

oppsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrwtoÄĄposxsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputwÄĄ

O^Ktqrxw pq qMJ

oupurpÄĄovowsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HouqvtwÄĄovpprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžqqwtusp v rMJ

ovoqpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostoooÄĄouqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqvtwÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louroqx(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<ovqvtqJ+tvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/ottppo s (

posptvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrqspJ+rvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]spopxss po sMJ

osrpqwJ+qvsvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLoxstroÄĄ

QĂžTtprqptp pr qMJ

opsspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqvtpÄĄorttouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvpspwru pv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoprsotÄĄorpqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqspvÄĄ

U\Ltpwptqt pr rMJ

ovsxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoorsÄĄotqqqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spxpvst pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popxpvst qs sMJ

O^KO\ž/H/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twqxpqt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pqpqroJ+pvorqtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<osrpsrJ+qvswrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<

posvrrJ+prquuoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \Ćľ

O[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxsotuJ+posprvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[  Q[J[L<osrpsrJ+qvswrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QV

S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqpqroJ+pvorqtSI[+L[Hqrtv xpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posvrrJ+prquuoSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqq

qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqpqroJ+pvorqtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oxsotuJ+posprvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L

<ovqvstJ+tvroSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxsotuJ+posprvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<pqpqroJ+pvorqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovqvstJ+tvroS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<posvrrJ+prquuoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppsprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LospqrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LoupoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovswtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HposxrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrtpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostvovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?141


pqP[JpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSprP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qo3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]t.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUqpX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpsX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqoX[z[L.W[QpqP[Ȣpw\ĆľT9Jxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqqtpO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<ovqwsrJ+txttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovpupv t 

Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]\Oj[L<poswoxJ+prqwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

ovqwsrJ+txttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ouqusvJ+rqrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opoxsu p sMJ

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsqssJ+qosstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O-Q`HbR[;\JL

O^Ktqrqsu pq qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqsstÄĄouputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppspuÄĄoqouqu

ǜžrosrt v sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLossqtvÄĄotrtovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorppssÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spxpsrs pp qMJ

pptuopÄĄoprrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppvopÄĄoqrwtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxtr(

\Oj[L<otqxrqJ+oposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loutvrs u (

\Oj[L<oxrvrtJ+porottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]spppvrv po sMJ

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otqxrqJ+oposvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;O`\Ä­

QĂžTtpsoro pr qMJ

ouputtÄĄoxstruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtssqÄĄoxqqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpsqrs pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpotxÄĄovtssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqputtÄĄorppss

U\Ltpwqptt pr rMJ

orttquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwpqÄĄpptuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popxpsrs qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<poswqrJ+prqxtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxrvtoJ+porprqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqps

pupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<poswqrJ+prqxtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<oxrvtoJ+porprqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<poswqrJ+prqxtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<oxrvtoJ+porprqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<otqxquJ+oporqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrvtoJ+porprqtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovqwrsJ+txrqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqxquJ+

oporqtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovqwrsJ+txrqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L< poswqrJ+prqxtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<

otqxquJ+oporqtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L \H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovpqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosowrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LououppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovstopÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpostsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqrpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqruqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?142


prP[JpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qp3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]u.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUqqX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTptX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqpX[z[L.W[QprP[Ȣpx \ĆľT9Jxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrpxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otroopJ+opqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howotpr u 

oxrwqsJ+porqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L<owsutuJ+wqrvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Q[J[L<osrvotJ+qvtxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<orsxrsJ+

Â&#x201E;@[T[9oqspqtw q sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½[<[H\Oj[L<owssqsJ+wpusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G

O^Ktqqos pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovpoqrÄĄoxqpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpprrosÄĄoqqwpq

ǜžrppqrw v sMJ

ÄĄortopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssqtÄĄoqqwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;spxppqr pp qMJ

9[TS[\HporqtqÄĄpptstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqxpt(

\Oj[L<orsxrsJ+tttxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowoqtu v (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SGO\G@\Oj[L<otroopJ+opqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]spqptrp po sMJ

tttxsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<ppottsJ+psppsqt

QĂžTtpsrxpp pr qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotqtprÄĄovoxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvsuÄĄoppsor

Ç?Çłvpsqvsq pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLortopxÄĄotrsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtwps

U\Ltpwqwqw pr rMJ

orppptÄĄosswtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovoqtsÄĄowsorsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popxppqr qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oxrwpwJ+porqsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osrutxJ+qvtxqtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H\Oj[L<owsvpoJ+wqrsqtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[ L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ Q[J[L<osrutxJ+qvtxqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxrwpwJ+porqsqtS I[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsvpoJ+wqrsqtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqps

ptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<oxrwpwJ+porqsqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161; \Oj[L<otroptJ+opqrtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxrwpwJ+porqsqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orsxqv

J+tttxqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otroptJ+opqrtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L <orsxqvJ+tttxqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<otroptJ+opqrtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orsxqvJ+tttxqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<owsvpoJ+wqrsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovowtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqossÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpprrsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosossrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LouoqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovspouÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxpoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpospsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqvqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?143


psP[JpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSptP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qr3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]v.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUqrX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpuX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqrX[z[L.W[QpsP[Ȣqo \ĆľT9Jxt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]9`Ć&#x2039;S@Ĺ&#x2030;[Ć&#x2020;Q]@Ĺ&#x2030; Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqrswO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<ortoorJ+tuottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howtpow v 

<owsvqtJ+wqsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<owpxsoJ+vprsvt

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orovtuJ+qsptrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pwsrt r sMJ

J+wpvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G\Oj[L<ousqqxJ+rpotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

O^Ktqppo pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxtpÄĄotrrtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqttsÄĄovoxst

ǜžrqqosw v sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLopprsxÄĄoqottoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpusvÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spxwpq pp qMJ

oprrpxÄĄorpotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovswowÄĄoxpoqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqwrv(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<oqrptuJ+tqssqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxourw w (

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGOO\Oj[L<ortoorJ+tuottÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]sprprqw po sMJ

oqrptuJ+tqssqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;O½[<[H\Oj[L<owsstq

QĂžTtptpvtt pr qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLowopssÄĄporvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopprsxÄĄoqtvto

Ç?Çłvpsrqro pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxqpqoÄĄpprqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssroÄĄorpqpr

U\Ltpwrtr pr rMJ

opoorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovorprÄĄowsostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popxwpq qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owsvrxJ+wqsttSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owpxrrJ+vprroSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S O`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owstowJ+wpwrvtS I[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstvxppprpspupwqoqq qrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsvrxJ+wqsttSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

owpxrrJ+vprroSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/

\Oj[L<owpxrrJ+vprroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owsvrxJ+ wqsttSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L <oqrpswJ+tqssvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owstowJ+wpwrvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[; R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

owsvrxJ+wqsttSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqrpswJ+tqssvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owpxrrJ+ vprroSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovostvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHQ[J[LosoosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovrvppÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxoupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqqrqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osstpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?144


ptP[JpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpuP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qs3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]w.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUqsX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpvX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqsX[z[L.W[QptP[Ȣqp \ĆľT9Jxt\X@S]Â&#x201E;;[9^T[Ć&#x2020;Q]LbĹ [¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqspvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<opsotsJ+tortsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrstw w 

<owpwsqJ+vpopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.Ă?­[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;XV­G\Oj[L<ousqtvJ+rpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pqpsqqw s sMJ

ÄĄovpooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsttoÄĄppqxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsxqqÄĄ

O^Ktpruqq pq qMJ

otqspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqotroÄĄorsxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžrrqxv w pMJ

9^\T9S[\HposwsxÄĄpprqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppttsoÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spxtp pp qMJ

oqrxroÄĄosoptrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvtw(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]\Oj[L<owpxswJ+vpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpoowrq x (

oqoqtqJ+qprpsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<opsotsJ+tortsqt

Â&#x201E;OT]spsppqv pp pMJ

\Oj[L<otopswJ+twtvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotquox

QĂžTtpttusq pr qMJ

otrrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovoxovÄĄoxqotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssrtÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpsrvqx pv sMJ

oxqotuÄĄposwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqxsqÄĄpqqprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpwspsp pr rMJ

oprrorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsottÄĄpopwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popxtp qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<owpxsoJ+vprsvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<opsosvJ+tortqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ? OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<

owpwruJ+vxtvtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192; O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ousqtoJ+rppsqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9

S[\USH[ \Oj[L<opsosvJ+tortqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[  H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpxsoJ+vprsvtSI[+L[Hqsuvxpppr ptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owpwruJ+vxtvtSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owpxsoJ+vprsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H

\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L< owpwruJ+vxtvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opsosvJ+tortqtSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT

/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ousqtoJ+rppsqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<owpxsoJ+vprsvtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<opsosvJ+tortqtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<owpwruJ+vxtvtS I[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LovopoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppqttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsroqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LottsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovrrpt Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHS[\HoxoqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HporrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osspqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S121

M[\Ä?145


puP[JpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSpvP[J>[Ńqt3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]x.;ƆvpsO[+T[bJUqtX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpwX[7Luru…QcHqtX[z[L.W[QpuP[Ȣqq \ƵT9Jxt\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqsstO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ \Oj[L<oppwsqJ+sxrxqt„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpopvsw x 

<owsvpuJ+wqoqvt„Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^9SGO\G@„O\LSMS<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

I[+L[HOO„R[;OÅ\Oj[L<otoptrJ+twtwpo„Mj[I[+L[H\W\ĭ\Oj[L

„@[T[9qttpr t sMJ

ġorpqspQbXŃbR[;\JLotqurvġovpoqo„Mj[-X[ġporvst

O^Ktpur pq qMJ

oxqorpġpoosrr„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroxtxġossvpr„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rsrvrt w pMJ

oppvow„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqvpv(

59[JU]LíÊQ`;\US[\Oj[L<owpwsxJ+vporo„Mj[I[+L[H.Í­[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lppowsx po (

opqttrJ+pxtwpo„Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<oppwsqJ+sxrxqt„Mj[

„OT]sptxqv pp pMJ

<orsstqJ+ttssqvt„Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;S[\Hopoorw

QþTtpurtrp pr qMJ

ġopprpx„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsttsġporvst„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzvpssqrv pv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLossvprġouqsqv„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptsruġ

U\Ltpwswqp pr rMJ S[ȉspxptp pp qMJ

„9H^popxptp qs sMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]„OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]QþTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\L XSM;H[S[ÑbH½9\Oj[L<owpwsqJ+vpopqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owsvowJ+wqovtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\U ǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9

„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owpwsqJ+vpopqt SI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+Sqsuvxppprptpupwqo

qqqsqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<owpwsqJ+vpopqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊH\Oj[L< owsvowJ+wqovtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS \JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owpwsqJ+ vpopqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

owsvowJ+wqovtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ\Oj[L<owsvowJ+

wqovtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oppwtvJ+sxrxsoSI[+L[H1dz:/:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\W\ĭbR[;O[SLíÊbR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owpwsqJ+vpopqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\ĭbR[;:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<oppwtvJ+sxrxsoSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<owsvowJ+wqovtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT /bW„R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Loutvou„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Loxowtw„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lppqptw„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH „OL^9[oprxou„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[ortqtu„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Lottoqw„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lovqxpx

„Mj[(Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[owtwqs„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hpoqxtx„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpqptru„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqoss„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrvqw„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď146


pvP[JpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qu3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]po.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUquX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpxX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHquX[z[L.W[QpvP[Ȣqr\ĆľT9J xt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]-Ĺ&#x2021;J[-@59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtprO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<opqvswJ+toorvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppoorv po 

\Oj[L<oxsuorJ+posuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<oqtqorJ+trrpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qpwpqpo u sMJ

ÄĄporvssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopprorÄĄoqturuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossooxÄĄ

O^Ktoross pq qMJ

ortvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposwpwÄĄpprqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrtsupo w pMJ

9^\T9S[\HovtptsÄĄowruooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsppsÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spwtwso pp qMJ

oxoxotÄĄporpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louquru(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;.Ă?­[\Oj[L<owsutxJ+wpxstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqovsp pp (

oppxpoJ+pxsopqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<opqvswJ+toorvt

Â&#x201E;OT]spuvro pp pMJ

I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotqvotÄĄovporwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowoqqs

QĂžTtpvpsqr pr rMJ

ouqrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovtptsÄĄoxqoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpqttÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpssvtt pv sMJ

ortvopÄĄotqtprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoqqsÄĄowtsppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpwtts pr rMJ

popwpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopwpxÄĄppttqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popwtwso qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<owsutrJ+wpxroSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxsttuJ+posttvtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;

OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<owsutrJ+wpxroSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxsttuJ+posttvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C 9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsutrJ+

wpxroSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxsttuJ+posttvtSI[+L[Hprtv xpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owsutrJ+wpxroSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oxsttuJ+

posttvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<owsutrJ+wpxroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<opqvsoJ+toopvtS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oxsttuJ+posttvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<opqvsoJ+ toopvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<owsutrJ+wpxroSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<opqvsoJ+toopvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oxsttuJ+posttvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoutroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxotoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprtppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orswtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovqtqr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtsqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoquoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqpprxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?147


pwP[JpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qv3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pp.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUqvX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqoX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqvX[z[L.W[QpwP[Ȣqs\ĆľT9J xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqtspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<oqovtqJ+tprxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppsspx pp 

M^LO­W^\Oj[L<oxstqtJ+posssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tprxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<oqqrqpJ+tqpwqqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rprrr v sMJ

owrtqxÄĄposwoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpuqsÄĄopsssuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqxtpt pq pMJ

9^\T9S[\HouqqtuÄĄovovovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoprqpoÄĄ

ǜžrutstr w qMJ

ossuooÄĄouqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouqqtuÄĄovstsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtts(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotqvrr\Oj[LoxsuooÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opotov pq (

MS<opsrssJ+qosoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oqovtqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spvtrs pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLoxsuooÄĄoppqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

QĂžTtpvtrpw pr rMJ

oqqwtvÄĄortvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoupxpsÄĄovpotuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpstrqs pv sMJ

oroxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotqvrrÄĄovosqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

U\Ltpxpto pr rMJ

osoqtpÄĄotqtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spwttqx pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwttqx qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<oxstrxJ+postptSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<pppsrsJ+psquqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxstrxJ+postptSI[+L[HO`V99­C 9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oxstrxJ+

postptSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pppsrsJ+psquqtSI[+L[Hpqsuw poppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M^Ć&#x192;SbJ[V\Oj[L<

oxstrxJ+postptSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oqovstJ+tprxqqtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<oqovstJ+tprxqqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxstrxJ+postptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW \Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<oqovstJ+tprxqqt SI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ\Oj[L<pppsrsJ+psquqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LousxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoxopouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orstosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotsqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovqpqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoqqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqovstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?148


pxP[JpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqoP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qw3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pq.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUqwX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqpX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqwX[z[L.W[QpxP[Ȣqt\ĆľT9J xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotquoxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<orpvotJ+tsrprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqqxro pq 

9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwrrJ+qqtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

tqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO-Q`HbR[;\JLoupxrvÄĄoxsuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rprsoqr w sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppqroÄĄoqosouÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovouqtÄĄovtosp

O^Ksqxvtq pq pMJ

otrorrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorprqpÄĄortvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžrwrsr w qMJ

9[TS[\HoppvoxÄĄoqsooxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqtpp(

>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[\Oj[L<pppsosJ+psqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-bĆ&#x201A;V[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoots pr (

orpvotJ+tsrprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<oqpvpwJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]spwrsp pp qMJ

S[\HovtospÄĄoxpxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotqwooÄĄoupxrv

QĂžTtpwrqpu pr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpupvÄĄorprqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrwtuÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpstxq pv sMJ

popwpwÄĄppttotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppttotÄĄoprptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpxwrv pr rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spwtqpw pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwtqpw qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ppprtwJ+psqsttSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ \QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ppprtwJ+psqsttSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ppprtwJ+psqsttSI[+L[Hpqsuwpoppprpt

pvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ppprtw J+psqsttSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orputvJ+tsrpptSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ppprtwJ+psqsttSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<orputvJ+tsrpptSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoustpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpppopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orspowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrwsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovpvrp

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpqorsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqowtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?149


qoP[JpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqpP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qx3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pr.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUqxX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqqX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqxX[z[L.W[QqoP[Ȣqu \ĆľT9Jxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqurvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ostpovJ+twqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oppurp

9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<osoosrJ+quqosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\L\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tqrrsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­-Q`HbR[;\JLotqwqvÄĄovpprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqusqv x rMJ

-X[ÄĄpprpsxÄĄoqqxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsusvÄĄotqxto

O^Ksqwqptx pq pMJ

oqqxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorowowÄĄosssstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqsqv(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxqpJ+pxpqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

pr O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqtsrq ps (

ostpovJ+twqtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<oqroqq

Â&#x201E;OT]spxpto pp qMJ

-X[ÄĄporvrvÄĄoppqpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovotsrÄĄoxpwsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTtpxpppu pr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqttptÄĄorsusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsstqÄĄ

Ç?Çłvptssx pv sMJ

ovotosÄĄowspspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HporotoÄĄpptsooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrxpqsp w qMJ

U\Ltpxptqv pr rMJ S[Č&#x2030;spwsxv pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwsxv qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxptJ+pxppuoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTS

JU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S 9^ĹŚ\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxptJ+pxppuoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

opoxptJ+pxppuoSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxptJ+pxppuoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[ 9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\L

I[bL/\Oj[L<ostpooJ+twqtptSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT /bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opoxptJ+pxppuoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJ\Oj[L<ostpooJ+twqtptSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouspqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowtrpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppoupuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrvpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrssrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovprrs Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqotooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqpsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?150


qpP[JpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqqP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ro3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ps.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUroX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqrX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHroX[z[L.W[QqpP[Ȣqv \ĆľT9Jxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<ostooxJ+twqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqotqp

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqurwJ+qstsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGU9^\L\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rorxtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;\Oj[L<ousrrqJ+rtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9swpwpq po rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLoworpsÄĄporvrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoppptsÄĄoqtssv

O^Ksqvrsqr pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpwpwÄĄpprpruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssttÄĄorprsv

ǜžrpoqpsu w rMJ

opooqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovotqqÄĄowspsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqrsq(

I[+L[HI[\>\Oj[L<ousrrqJ+rtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;Q<[

ps O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorstrq pt (

<ostooxJ+twqrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JQ[J[L<otsstpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sqooo pp rMJ

\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<oqtvtoJ+trsppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½

QĂžTtpxtopx pr rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsupsÄĄotqxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HouqorrÄĄovotoo

Ç?Çłvptposu pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoppptsÄĄoqorqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpuoqÄĄ

U\Ltpxqqpx pr rMJ

oprpppÄĄorovrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovsrtqÄĄoxovppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spwsttv pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwsttv qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orquqxJ+qstrtvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ

Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orquqxJ+qstrtvtSI[+L[H\QI^L

\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqr qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orquqxJ+qstrtvtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orquqxJ+qstrtvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ousrquJ+rtpqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orquqxJ+qstrtvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ousrquJ+ rtpqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowsxpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LppoqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotrosvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Lovoxrw

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpopoqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqoposÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospvswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?151


qqP[JpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqrP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;ro3\Vb9UQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pt.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUrpX[7LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqsX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHroX[z[L.W[QqqP[Ȣqw \ĆľT9Jxt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqvrrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ \Oj[L<ousqppJ+rqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJ

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqttru

ottwptJ+rppqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SGL[;\Oj[L<ousqpp

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<owstrxJ+wxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqoqsru pp rMJ

ovpqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxsuoxÄĄppqwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorstsoÄĄ

O^Ksqusuv pq pMJ

otqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoqoqtvÄĄorstsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

ǜžrpprotx w rMJ

9^\T9S[\HposutqÄĄpprpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptsrrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spwsqsu pp qMJ

oqsoruÄĄosososÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqtu(

\Oj[L<owstrxJ+wxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]Q[J[L<

pt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losrrqv pu (

J+rqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜQ[J[L<ovsrqrJ+rtrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]sqotwpr pp rMJ

orrrtsJ+ttpoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JLotqxqpÄĄ

QĂžTtqoqxqt pr sMJ

otqwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovospuÄĄoxpvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsstvÄĄ

Ç?Çłvptputr pv sMJ

oxpvsxÄĄposutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqwtqÄĄpqqopsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltpxqxpr pr rMJ

oprotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsptvÄĄpopwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popwsqsu qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<ottwowJ+rppptvtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<orrrsvJ+ttxtvtSI[+L[H9L½[

S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

orrrsvJ+ttxtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ 

H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ottwowJ+rppptvtSI[+L[Hqstvxpppr pspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

ousqquJ+rqsqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<ottwowJ+rppptvtSI[+L[H9[SO[S

Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owsttsJ+wpoptSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Q[J[L<ottwowJ+rppptvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<owsttsJ+wpoptS I[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<ousqquJ+rqsqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/

\Oj[L<owsttsJ+wpoptSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ousqquJ+rqsqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJQ[J[L<ottwowJ+rppptvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; 8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<

owsttsJ+wpoptSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LourrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowstqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opptrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqutpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovotsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrstoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpoouqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpptqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?152


qrP[JpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqsP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;pMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]pu.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUpP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqtX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpT[+OL.W[QqrP[Ȣqx\ĆľT9Jxt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwooO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<owsssoJ+wvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orsusr

9SGOO\Oj[L<owsssoJ+wvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOS[\H<oxsutuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;S[\HopooqqÄĄorpsppQbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqqutw pq qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsupoÄĄporvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxpvqoÄĄ

O^Ksqttwpr pp sMJ

ossqsuÄĄoupwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpptrqvÄĄoppvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqqox(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrstuJ+rvsqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXĆ&#x161;[

pu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotpwov pv (

sosqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<osppotJ+tusqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sqptuqw pp rMJ

otqxswÄĄovpqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporvqvÄĄoppppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

QĂžTtqpwrs pr sMJ

pooptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLorourwÄĄossqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvptqrx pv sMJ

ǜžrpqsopw w rMJ U\Ltpxrux pr rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spwrxrt pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwrxrt qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrtppJ+rvsrqvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V \W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owrtppJ+rvsrqvtSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<owssrqJ+wutoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<

owrtppJ+rvsrqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS \JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<poswoqJ+prpsroSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JL TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L< owssrqJ+wutoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrtppJ+rvsrqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<poswoqJ+ prpsroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<owssrqJ+wutoSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<poswoqJ+prpsroSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[

:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<owssrqJ+wutoSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owrtppJ+rvsrqvtS I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<poswoqJ+prpsroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotsqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opppruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqtqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LovopsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrotsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HpooqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppswotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ optrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?153


qsP[JpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqtP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;qMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pv.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUqP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTquX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqT[+OL.W[QqsP[Ȣp\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwqvO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<posuswJ+prppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osrwoq

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<posuswJ+prppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTS[\H<ppstqwJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[Hǜž\Oj[L<ossqtoJ+twoqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpsqwto pr qMJ

oppotuÄĄoqtrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrtspÄĄoupwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ksqtppss pp sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposuprÄĄpprottÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄortxosÄĄotqwqv

ǜžrprsxss w sMJ

owrqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqpqÄĄpopwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louqpqq(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[S[\H<ppovsoJ+ssrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

pv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottxsp pw (

strwtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<ospootJ+turxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sqqtsst pp rMJ

otropsÄĄovpqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoworswÄĄporvqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtqpsvst pr sMJ

ovsvqvÄĄoxputoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorpsqrÄĄortxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvptqxrs pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoworswÄĄowttooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovsvqvÄĄ

U\Ltpxsrv pr rMJ

popwpoÄĄpptsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoxotsoÄĄpoqxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spwruqs pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwruqs qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[S[\H<ppovrqJ+ssrptSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+X

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppovrqJ+ ssrptSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L

\Oj[L<posusoJ+prpptSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L

N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<ppovrqJ+ssrptSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[ Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<posusoJ+prpptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<posusoJ+prpptSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(

\Oj[L<posusoJ+prpptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJS[\H<ppovrqJ+ssrptSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqtrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrvrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpotorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opovsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotpwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoutvtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppssoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opsxpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osouooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?154


qtP[JpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSquP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;rMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pw.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUrP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqvX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHrT[+OL.W[QqtP[Ȣq\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqwtsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<pqrxrrJ+pvtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otqxot

;S\Oj[L<pqrxrrJ+pvtqpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<opqxtvJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<otoptxJ+twsvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JL

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqurrst ps pMJ

pqptqvÄĄopstooÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqqxsvÄĄortxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksqsqvrx pp sMJ

ovoptxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqxsuÄĄorotrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžrpstxpw w sMJ

oupvprÄĄovsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosostvÄĄotqwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louqorr(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<opqusrJ+sxswuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

pw O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lourwrq px (

sxtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<ossptoJ+tvtvtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]sqrtrs pp sMJ

oxsuppÄĄopporuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowrprrÄĄposttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtqqqutx pr sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLouqpsvÄĄovpqtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupvprÄĄ

Ç?Çłvptruw pv sMJ

otrospÄĄovouroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosspqsÄĄoupvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

U\Ltpxtov pr rMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spwrrpr pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwrrpr qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<pqrxqtJ+pvtptoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<opqutvJ+sxsxrtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­ Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV 99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqrxqtJ+pvtptoSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<opqutvJ+sxsxrtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L

XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqrxqtJ+pvtptoSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/

R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqrxqtJ+pvtptoS I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<

opqutvJ+sxsxrtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouqpsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowrrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH Â&#x201E;OL^9[oporssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[Loutrtt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppsoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opstqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoqotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?155


quP[JpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqvP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;sMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]px.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUsP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqwX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHsT[+OL.W[QquP[Ȣr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;];bLU>H^I­]\W\Ä­\OL[bj9M_@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxqpO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpspwJ+qpsvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupxrr qo 

\OU[:[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpspwJ+qpsvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

twstrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<otosprJ+twtqstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uwstt pt pMJ

oxptsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLotrpovÄĄouqqowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqrsuts pp sMJ

pqptpvÄĄorpsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosrspxÄĄotqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpuwtw w sMJ

pptrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptrssÄĄopqxqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Loupxss(

I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<orqtpsJ+tsstpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovptpr qo (

<oqtqsxJ+trqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<otopqoJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]sqstpqu pp sMJ

Â&#x2026;OK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLouqqowÄĄoxsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsuotÄĄ

QĂžTtqrupu pr sMJ

oppoptÄĄoqoppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovopprÄĄovsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvptsqtp pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HorpsstÄĄortxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopwosÄĄ

U\Ltpxtvw pr rMJ

opputwÄĄoqspouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spwroq pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwroq qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<orqtouJ+tssstvtSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L

9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orqtouJ+tssstvtS I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[TL[K[L

9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpspoJ+qpsvrvtSI[+L[H P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<

orqtouJ+tssstvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpspoJ+qpsvrvtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqpspoJ+qpsvrvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ\Oj[L<orqtouJ+tssstvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; :[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LoupvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqxrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LposqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotppoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpxotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxtosoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opspqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?156


qvP[JpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqwP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;tMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qo.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUtP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqxX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHtT[+OL.W[QqvP[Ȣs\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotqxswO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqrtqJ+qssptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loupxrr qo 

-L^S[K[9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqrtqJ+qssptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

otorrsJ+twtpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ossstpJ+twrpvt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqpttv pu pMJ

porvovÄĄopoxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovooqtÄĄoxptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqrpopu pp rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqtpstÄĄorsqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopstopÄĄ

ǜžrpvpwss x pMJ

ovovoqÄĄowsqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqwqoÄĄpptqrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwtt(

I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<ostustJ+twrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovptpr qo (

\Oj[L<orswqoJ+ttspuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]sqtsxsx pp sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotrprqÄĄovprqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtqrstrt ps pMJ

pprooxÄĄoqqxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLorsqspÄĄotqsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvptsxsr pv sMJ

oqqxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorosqxÄĄosrxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltqospq pr sMJ

S[Č&#x2030;spwqutq pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwqutq qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<orswrtJ+ttsqrvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<osturvJ+twrqsqtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<orswrtJ+ttsqrvtSI[+L[HO`V

\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<osturvJ+twrqsqtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL 9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsouJ+qssqqvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS

\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<osturvJ+twrqsqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osturvJ+twrqsqtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsouJ+qssqqvtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqsouJ+qssqqvtSI[+L[H Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<osturvJ+twrqsqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouprtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqtsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporwsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotovprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousuorÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owptoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpprqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortsprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?157


qwP[JpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqxP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;uMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qp.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUuP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTroX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHuT[+OL.W[QqwP[Ȣt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]OTbJOJ[1S@bĹ&#x2030;[¢WO

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotropsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ososruJ+quqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovoxqw qp 

\Oj[L<ottwssJ+puttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<ossspqJ+twpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vrrwtu pv pMJ

porvopÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopoxrqÄĄoqtpprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorsqorÄĄ

O^Ksqqrwqv pp rMJ

ppqxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopstopÄĄorptouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžrpwqwrv x pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovovpwÄĄowsqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqwruÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupwos(

WĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L<ostuotJ+twrpqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovtoqw qp (

ososruJ+quqqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osprruJ+tusstÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]squswpt pq pMJ

\Oj[L<osopqqJ+tuprroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLowosqxÄĄ

QĂžTtqsqstw ps pMJ

otqrssÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoupsrtÄĄoutxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpsstÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpttuss pv sMJ

opoxrqÄĄoqooqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpstuÄĄpqtxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqopppv pr sMJ

ororttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrxoqÄĄoxorqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spwqrsp pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwqrsp qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ottwruJ+purtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[ O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottwruJ+purtSI[+L[Hp qsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottwruJ+purtS

I[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osostpJ+quqrpvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V

8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<osostpJ+quqrpvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Q[J[L<osostpJ+quqrpvtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ottwru J+purtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouoxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowqpsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporsswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqtptuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orotssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LotorpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LousqovÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owppprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxsqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oprrrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ortopuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?158


qxP[JpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSroP[J>[Ĺ&#x192;vMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qq.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUvP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTrpX[7LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHvT[+OL.W[QqxP[Ȣu\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]T\TH[WĹ&#x152;Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrospO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ospsqsJ+qusutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovtxor qq 

ouroqwJ+qqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SG;S\Oj[L<osprpxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\Oj[L<osovtsJ+tuqwstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpuqur pv sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotrqqsÄĄovprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqqpptx pp rMJ

outwsvÄĄoxpsouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsssrÄĄotropsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrpxrwru x pMJ

posspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqvsoÄĄpqpwqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;spwqoro pp qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsqsrÄĄpopvtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqspouÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupvpr(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[\Oj[L<ottwquJ+pupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howqtop qq (

tusrqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<ospsqsJ+qusutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;

Â&#x201E;OT]sqvsusr pq pMJ

osopquJ+tuprsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<oqtrstJ+trqrqqt

QĂžTtqtsqr ps pMJ

oxsuoxÄĄppqvsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorspqtÄĄotqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłvpurts pv sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLoptxttÄĄorspqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoxpsouÄĄ

U\Ltqopwqs pr sMJ

posspwÄĄppqxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptroqÄĄopqwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popwqoro qs sMJ

osotsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ottwsoJ+pustSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;\Oj[L<ouroqpJ+qqstqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S

O`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ouroqpJ+qqstqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[ KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqr

qtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ottwsoJ+pustSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouroqp J+qqstqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ottwsoJ+pustSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JL

TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<ospsrwJ+qususoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\L N^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

ouroqpJ+qqstqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ospsrwJ+qususoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<

ospsrwJ+qususoSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;\OVbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ottwsoJ+pustSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ospsrwJ+qususoSI[+L[H XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ouroqpJ+qqstqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LouottwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LporotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oropsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostxqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LourwpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppqsqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqxrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q[\S121

M[\Ä?159


roP[JpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSrpP[J>[ŃwMijL[PQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾QW[ǃ¢ /+bS@]qr.;ƆvpsO[+T[bJUwP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpP[Juru…QcHwT[+OL.W[QroP[Ȣv\ƵTXĉxt \X@S]Ø]Ø]S[K[ƆQ]Ø]Q\HS[K[S[L]S@SQ\JL „O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrpovO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ „O\LSMS<ortrpqJ+qttq„Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowswsr qr 

ourqpxJ+qqwst„Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SG\O\Ɔ\Oj[L<osovruJ+

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

\Oj[L<orrpruJ+tstutvt„Mj[I[+L[H„9gTO„R[;.j^Ɛ[L\Oj[L<

„@[T[9vqxqwro pw sMJ

orptouQbXŃbR[;\JLotrqsxġovpsox„Mj[-X[ġporuswġ

O^Ksqptpqo pp rMJ

oxprrqġoxtwss„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoroqsvġosrvsu„Mj[(

Ƕ¾rqoswsq x qMJ

„Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupuqp(

LOQ]LíÊ„@½Ɗ[\Oj[L<ourorpJ+qqtpvt„Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtxss qr (

tuqvuo„Mj[I[+L[HOO„O\LSMS<ortrpqJ+qttq„Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

„OT]sqwstpr pq pMJ

opqqopJ+sxrr„Mj[I[+L[H„WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;S[\Hpqtxrpġ

QþTtqtsrtp ps pMJ

opowsv„Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsuowġporusw„Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

Ǐdzvpupppq pv sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLosrvsuġoupqsu„Mj[(9[TS[\Hpptpsrġoppuqw

U\Ltqoqtrq pr sMJ S[ȉspwpvpx pp qMJ

„9H^popwpvpx qs sMJ O^KO\¾

@ʼnS„íļ[bQO`\Ž9S[\U\OÑOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L -\S=;H[S[MSQ\QÊ\Oj[L<ouroqtJ+qqtqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\Uí\ÊjOL­S[/àW;L-bƆ[ġS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]„9H^SJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L.W;H[S[@ʼn\Oj[L<ourqrsJ+qqxqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\U

í\ÊjOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]ǏdzSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]Ƕ¾SJU[L[h]QK½ \ƵO[bS[M[\L „R[\LO[JS;H[S[Wš[H@^L[9

„W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ž9Q9S9^Ŧ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<ouroqtJ+qqtqtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­C H^T[KL^9^ŦQ]L„QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ž9S[\USH[ <[H>ŃH^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ H[S[„W+Spqsuwpoppprptpvpx

qoqqqsquLíÊH\Oj[L<ouroqtJ+qqtqtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLíÊH\Oj[L<

ourqrsJ+qqxqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLíÊHXO[<SW[ù[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<

ouroqtJ+qqtqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\L

XO[„L/„O\LSMS<ortrquJ+qttqrtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/\Oj[L <ourqrsJ+qqxqqtSI[+L[H>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚ8L[bL/L[\S9L

:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„IgQ[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/„O\LSMS<ortrquJ+qttqrtSI[+L[H „TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[VQ^b=bJLíÊǶT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@

:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ouroqtJ+qqtqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\ƚLíÊbJ[V :[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ„O\LSMS<ortrquJ+qttqrtSI[+L[H

M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ourqrsJ+qqxqqt SI[+L[HXO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö\W+XS[\UH\Oj[Louoqor„Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lowprts„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Lpoqutv„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH

\Oj[Lpqssos„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[oqtvtq„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Losttqs„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lourspu„Mj[( Q]LS[\UH„WŁ[oworqr„Mj[(„QVS[\UHS[\Hoxrstt„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hppqorr„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqtsp„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orsqqt„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď160


rpP[JpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;xMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qs.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUxP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHxT[+OL.W[QrpP[Ȣw\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt \X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]Ă&#x2DC;]\OÇ&#x2C6;9Q­[M^@[

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrprqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ororpsJ+qrsuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxrwtv qs 

\Oj[L<ouovrqJ+pqtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;WgP[;½S[\H<ppqvtuJ+sssvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wpqsusv px sMJ

poruspÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopowqsÄĄoqsxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrosqÄĄ

O^Ksqprusu pp rMJ

osoorqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HposrrrÄĄppqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrqptwtr x qMJ

9^\T9S[\HovsqqtÄĄowqvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowsqtrÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spwpsw pp qMJ

oxopsoÄĄpoqursÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louptqw(

I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[\Oj[L<ourqstJ+qqxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxrtro qs (

ororpsJ+qrsuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<oqqvtuJ+tqpust

Â&#x201E;OT]sqxsrst pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PL-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrpsÄĄovpsqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowostvÄĄ

QĂžTtquqrqq ps pMJ

oupptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HovsqqtÄĄoxpqtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄorptptÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpupwrx pv sMJ

osoorqÄĄotrpovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowostvÄĄowttrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqorqsq pr sMJ

popvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopvsrÄĄpptqrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

Â&#x201E;9H^popwpsw qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L .W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;\Oj[L<ourqrvJ+qqxroSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ouovsvJ+pquqqtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;j OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpp pqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ourqrvJ+qqxroSI[+L[Hprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsqu

LĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouovsvJ+pquqqtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ourqrvJ+qqxroSI[+L[H\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ororovJ+qrststSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ \OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouovsvJ+pquqqtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ 9[SO[S Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ouovsvJ+pquqqtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[

8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ororovJ+qrststSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<ourqrvJ+qqxroSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<ororovJ+qrststSI[+L[HM^S[ Q[X[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<ouovsvJ+pquqqtS I[+L[HM^S[Q[X[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowoxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoqrooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqsoowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtrtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LostpqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouroqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxrotxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opqpstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?161


p.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;poMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]qt.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUpoP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTrP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpoT[+OL.W[Qp.\XȤx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt \X@S] W[+ž[\ÄźX\QH/rpP[JpqpQ[\S vpswqs /bS/ J+pusssqt <pqprSWQj  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrptwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsurvJ+qorrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lporopx qt 

1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<otpxqpJ+txqsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

swrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Â&#x201E;U[PLS[\H<oxprsrJ+rxpppqt

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wquqoqv qo sMJ

ovpsrvÄĄoxsuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvrpÄĄorrxqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqpqwqw pp rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrooqÄĄorptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqsowÄĄ

ǜžrqrxpp x qMJ

opqutuÄĄoropruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrrrxÄĄovowpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[

S[Č&#x2030;spwpotw pp qMJ

-X[ÄĄosouqwÄĄotrprqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupsrt(

I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[\Oj[L<ouovtvJ+pqusvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpoprpv qt (

MS<opsurvJ+qorrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<ootxquJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tosqpx pq qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrrrxÄĄouqsowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTtqvqtt ps qMJ

osqxtvÄĄoupottÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtxpvÄĄoqrooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpuqups pv sMJ

ovpsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoupottÄĄoutupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltqorxtr pr sMJ

-X[ÄĄosruptÄĄoupottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoupottÄĄovrttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^popwpotw qs sMJ O^KO\ž

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<ouowprJ+pqvqvtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsutpJ+qorsqtSI[+L[H Q9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[ \OM[H\Oj[L<otpxpsJ+txqrtvtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9S

JU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9 S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsutpJ+qorsqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

ouowprJ+pqvqvtSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<otpxpsJ+txqrtvtS I[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ouowprJ+

pqvqvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<ouowprJ+pqvqvtSI[+L[H

\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsutpJ+qorsqtSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[; Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<ouowprJ+pqvqvtS

I[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<opsutpJ+qorsqtS I[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otpxpsJ+

txqrtvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowouoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpopxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtoooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LossvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouquqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovttrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpppqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oppvsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrsrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?162


q.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;ppMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qu.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUppP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTsP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHppT[+OL.W[Qq.\XȤpo \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]M[cÇ&#x2C6;9­[JU]M\SO\H­L]59[JU]

Q^W\TQMSO.\@Â&#x201E;9[SO[\LS0J0Ç&#x161;T.RX[O9S[0J Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqqsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ \Oj[L<pqowooJ+puqttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lppqrpt qu 

Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<osppqrJ+turrpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;Q[J[L<ousqrsJ+rqtqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpowqp qq pMJ

orrwsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowquqqÄĄoxtvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprsqÄĄ

O^Ksqpquro pp rMJ

osqxppÄĄotpxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqxppÄĄotpxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžrqspxrt x rMJ

pptqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpptqopÄĄopquroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louprsp(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[\Oj[L<otpxsvJ+txqtqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpotsou qu (

pqowooJ+puqttqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOS[\H<ppposvJ+ssqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tpsotu pq qMJ

W^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLouqsqvÄĄowttrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpvprÄĄ

QĂžTtqvsqrq ps qMJ

opssrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroouÄĄotrptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JL

Ç?Çłvpurrtv pv sMJ

9^\T9S[\HorptrsÄĄosopoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopvrqÄĄ

U\Ltqosvu pr sMJ

oppuprÄĄoqspqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spwvsv pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwvsv qs sMJ

O^KO\ž5S[\JH/\Oj[L<ossvtwJ+ twtsvt

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ospppuJ+turrSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[

O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ospppuJ+ turrSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS

\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<pqovtsJ+puqtrvtSI[+L[HÇ?Çł9SGO[bS[

J]Ă­[TL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L <ospppuJ+turrSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pooxswJ+ppqxqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ >[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[ Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqovtsJ+puqtrvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[

8L[bL/\Oj[L<pqovtsJ+puqtrvtSI[+L[HM_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<pooxswJ+ppqxqoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqovtsJ+puqtrvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ospppuJ+

turrSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L <pooxswJ+ppqxqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LottoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LowoqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoptowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqrqpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LossrruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouqqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovtprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxqroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppowstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opprtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orrorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?163


r.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pqMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qv.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUpqP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTtP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpqT[+OL.W[Qr.\XȤpp \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]O[QL@jÄź]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrqsxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<poposqJ+pprprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpqpwor qv 

ovtwtuJ+uppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<ospqoxJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

UH\PV[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<poposqJ+pprprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOS[\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xqswqx qr pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvqrJ+qttwpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqprotr pp rMJ

ppquruÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqtsqÄĄppqvtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqropoÄĄ

ǜžrqtros x rMJ

opssruÄĄoqropoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLorooqrÄĄosrssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spwsru pp qMJ

pptosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupqsu(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotrsqw\Oj[LoxsttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]\Oj[L<

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpprwtw qv (

turtpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[\Oj[L<oqswptJ+trsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tqrxrt pq qMJ

<oxoupuJ+rwtoroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<ovtwtuJ+uppo

QĂžTtqwqqpp ps qMJ

I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotrsqwÄĄovptotÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowttspÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpuspsx pw pMJ

orptsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsvsxÄĄorrwovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Ltqotsqo pr sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLovowswÄĄowsrovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqtpvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^popwsru qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L L+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvptJ+qttvtvtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<oqswowJ+trspoSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9 Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortvptJ+

qttvtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oqswowJ+trspoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspu

pvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<popotuJ+pprqpoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[

1J[\L>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oqswowJ+trspoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[

<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ovtwtoJ+uottS

I[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<popotuJ+pprqpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<

popotuJ+pprqpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ovtwtoJ+uottSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<popotuJ+pprqpoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<oqswowJ+trspoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<ovtwtoJ+uottSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtwppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpopppqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqwqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqsqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupwrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovsvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxpxprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppostoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?164


s.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;prMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qw.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUprP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTuP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHprT[+OL.W[Qs.\XȤpq \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrpsO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ \Oj[L<ovtxsrJ+urvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppsru qw 

<opptosJ+sxpoqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­P[Ă?MJ9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<otrwrtJ+oxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;K`\HÂ&#x201E;O\LS

Â&#x201E;@[T[9powpwpw qs pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotrstrÄĄouqtouÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqpspqx pp rMJ

oxtupxÄĄpqprpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssrsÄĄorpttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

ǜžrqusorx x sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLopouswÄĄoptvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqprpuÄĄ

S[Č&#x2030;spwpqt pp qMJ

opqtrvÄĄoqtxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovrrsoÄĄowtxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Loupptp(

>H^SJU]\Oj[L<otrwrtJ+oxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_\G­Q[LĂ­Ă&#x160;UH\PV[\Oj[L

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hpqqwss qw (

ovtxsrJ+urvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ousxtqJ+rrwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]trrwpu pq rMJ

MS<opopsuJ+pwrwptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU_T\Oj[L<oxtwrpJ+potxt

QĂžTtqxptr ps qMJ

ovptpwÄĄppquqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqtopÄĄoxposoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpusxsx pw pMJ

ossvpoÄĄotrqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HouowosÄĄowqtopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqpprt pr sMJ

pqtwttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLovoxoqÄĄowsrppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

Â&#x201E;9H^popwpqt qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<oppstwJ+sxpopqtSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[ Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<

oppstwJ+sxpopqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[

Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oppstwJ+sxpopqtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L< ovtxtvJ+ursqtSI[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otrwqwJ+

owtvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;O[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ovtxtvJ+ursqtSI[+L[HO[SLĂ­Ă&#x160;bR[b;Q`H^½bR[;

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oppstwJ+sxpopqtSI[+L[H L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

\Oj[L<otrwqwJ+owtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotsqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtspuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoovpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrwpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrtstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupsruÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovsrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxptpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HppootsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opouoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orqqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?165


t.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;psMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qx.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUpsP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTvP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpsT[+OL.W[Qt.\XȤpr \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrrrxO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otrxqqJ+opppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpqpv qx 

M_O­P[Ă?MJS[\H<ppruowJ+strvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJ9SGO\G@

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qvxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<orprrsJ+tstsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9poqqrsst qt pMJ

J+rprsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtpvÄĄouqtqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqptwpp pp rMJ

O[bS[S[\HoutqtpÄĄovrwrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxpoosÄĄorpuop

ǜžrqvtpqo x sMJ

osqutqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppquowÄĄpqpuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;spvtwps pp qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsrpsÄĄpopvprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqspsqÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Loupott(

I[+L[HM_\G­Q[\Oj[L<orprrsJ+tstsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/opqrsv qx (

\Oj[L<otrxqqJ+opppqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Q[J[L<osqurxJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tsruuo pq rMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;U_T\Oj[L<oxtxpuJ+ppotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<outqsw

QĂžTtqxsprw ps qMJ

-X[ÄĄovptrqÄĄowotrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporuopÄĄopouqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Ç?Çłvputvtu pw pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqtqsÄĄovptrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HopturoÄĄ

U\Ltqpwtp pr sMJ

posprrÄĄppqvpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpptppqÄĄopqtpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popvtwps qs sMJ

osovqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[; H[S[O[K[S[\H<ppruooJ+stqsvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[

L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^LO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ S[\H<ppruooJ+stqsvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9 O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<orprquJ+tstqqtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<ppruooJ+

stqsvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\L.TJS[\LO[bS[ O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otrxruJ+oppsvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[

XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<ppruooJ+stqsvtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orprqu J+tstqqtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VS[\H<ppruoo

J+stqsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<otrxruJ+ oppsvtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<orprquJ+tstqqtSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[ L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(

\Oj[L<otrxruJ+oppsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJS[\H<ppruooJ+stqsvtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orprquJ+tstqqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotrwqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovtopxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LpoorqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqqoqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqrspwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosrpsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LoupospÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxppqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotutwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opoqouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpwsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?166


u.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;puMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ro.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUptP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTwP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpuT[+OL.W[Qu.\XȤps \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]MjT[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;X\QT \MH`MĂ­  Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsosO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<ooswrpJ+swqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lorpooo ro 

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqopptJ+qpsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rpurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO`\Ä­\Oj[L<orswoxJ+ttrppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ?O

Â&#x201E;@[T[9pputsqu qu qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutptwÄĄoxttpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqsxÄĄorpuox

O^Ksqqqosv pp rMJ

porttqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxoxqwÄĄoxttpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

ǜžrqxqu x sMJ

9[TS[\HppsxtrÄĄoppttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxtw(

\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSP[Ă?MJS[\H<oxtuotJ+sotqÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;SOH]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/oqqrtq ro (

ooswrpJ+swqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<outrttJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]ttrtst pq rMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrtspÄĄovptstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoptttxÄĄorruor

QĂžTuoqpqt ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoptxÄĄotrrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxsttoÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpvupq pw pMJ

oqtwrpÄĄosrqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosrqqoÄĄououowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqppux pr sMJ S[Č&#x2030;spvtts pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvtts qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;S[\H<oxtuqoJ+sotqrvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­C

O`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<outrswJ+rpupvtSI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<oxtuqoJ+

sotqrvtSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<oxtuqoJ+sotqrvtSI[+L[H<SS9[Q-9S[\LR[Ă&#x160;[1J[\LL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<ooswqtJ+swptoSI[+L[HL^7j[ N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<ooswqtJ+swptoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ooswqtJ+swptoS

I[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<outrswJ+ rpupvtSI[+L[H:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJS[\H<oxtuqoJ+sotqrvtS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ooswqtJ+swptoSI[+L[H M^S[@^L[9L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś\W+XS[\UH\Oj[LotrsrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsuqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtxqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH

\Oj[LpqpurrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqroqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LououstÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovrttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxovqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpotropÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\H pqtwoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/orpstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?167


v.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pvMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]rp.;Ć&#x2020;vpsO[+T[bJUpuP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTxP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpvT[+OL.W[Qv.\XȤpt\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt \X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrsqwO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ S[\H<poqwoxJ+sqpppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Losouqv rp 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pprwooJ+pttsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;Ç?O\Oj[L<oosvroJ+svtwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppqpprsx qv qMJ

oxstsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqptruÄĄorrtqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqtpvÄĄ

O^Ksqqsxr pp rMJ

orpupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosoqprÄĄotrsosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

ǜžsopqtw po pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLowsrqpÄĄpoputxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoputxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoxop(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;SOH]Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqoqpJ+rutpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\Ç&#x2C6;L]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/orqvto rp (

poqwoxJ+sqpppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<oxqotpJ+xqptqt

Â&#x201E;OT]tursrr pq rMJ

O½[<[H-Q`HbR[;\JLotruouÄĄouquoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpttwÄĄ

QĂžTupppu ps rMJ

ouotoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoutpotÄĄoxtssvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqrsÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpvpsrt pw pMJ

owottsÄĄowtttpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrvopÄĄowqqtuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqpqrqv pr sMJ

pptorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowtvqrÄĄpoqrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvtptr pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvtptr qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqoruJ+rutqpvtSI[+L[HQ]LS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<poqwqsJ+sqppsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\U Ă­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SQ]L99­CO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pprvtsJ+pttrqt SI[+L[HO`V\QI^L9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;KL^S[\USH[ S[\H<poqwqsJ+sqppsvtSI[+L[H

Â&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Spqsuwpoppprptpv pxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqoruJ+rutqpvtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H

XO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owqoruJ+rutqpvtSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VS[\H<poqwqsJ+

sqppsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/S[\H<poqwqsJ+sqppsvtSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<pprvtsJ+pttrqtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqoruJ+rutqpvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[\JLJĂł[ Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM^S[@^L[9M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ \Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJS[\H<poqwqsJ+sqppsvtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V :[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovsqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxttqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqpqrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqquqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LouoqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovrptt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHS[\HoxorqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HposxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtspsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orpotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?168


w.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pwMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢

/+bS@]pÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUpvP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpoP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpwT[+OL.W[Qw.\XȤpu\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrstrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpvpoJ+rusqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lotooqx p 

9SGO\G@\Oj[L<oxqptwJ+xqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpvpo

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;O½[<[HS[\H<oxtssrJ+sosurqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HXV­G-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9otqxqq p qMJ

-X[ÄĄpqptptÄĄorrsrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosqsqxÄĄouospoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqrqqsr pp sMJ

orpuqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouquqoÄĄovpuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžspqrtu po pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLotruroÄĄovoxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosrosrÄĄouospo

S[Č&#x2030;spvswsq pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louowos(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-\Ç&#x2C6;L]Q[J[L<outrpvJ+rrpqtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HPSG]

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/osrsoq p (

J+rusqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<ovpupxJ+sxrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;OT]tvrrqs pq sMJ

\JLotruroÄĄouquqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpuppÄĄoxstsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTupspx ps rMJ

O[bS[S[\HpqtwqpÄĄoqroqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqroqsÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpvqru pw pMJ

ouospoÄĄoutoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopqrsvÄĄoqtvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqprosu pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HouospoÄĄovroqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosowppÄĄotrsqw

Â&#x201E;9H^popvswsq qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

<h[;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Q[J[L<outrrqJ+rrprrtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L.\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^

O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<outrrq J+rrprrtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

outrrqJ+rrprrtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/ Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpvqtJ+rusrpvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxqptoJ+xqsqoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L <outrrqJ+rrprrtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owpvqt J+rusrpvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrwrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxtprrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqowsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqqqroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosqoopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottwtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqvtx

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpostpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqtopwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/orovoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otqqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?169


x.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pxMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUpwP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTppP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpxT[+OL.W[Qx.\XȤpv \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ Q[J[L<ouqoprJ+rpsxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lottprt q 

9SGOO\Oj[L<ovpvouJ+spproÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOQ[J[L<ouqopr

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;XV­GQ[J[L<ovprovJ+rsprqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOĂ&#x2026;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9opxrvss q qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowqprpÄĄoxtrstÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqotÄĄopsspx

O^Ksqsprr pp sMJ

otprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosqrsoÄĄotprquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžsqrstw po pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpptooqÄĄopqrpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HopptroÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louovou(

MÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;PSG]Q[J[L<otrxtrJ+rowqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H9`\ÄĄ9[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\HLb=/otsosw q (

J+rpsxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otqwopJ+txrvsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]twrqpu pq sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouqurxÄĄowtttsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpsttÄĄorrrtt

QĂžTuqqpt ps rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroquÄĄotrstrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosqrsoÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpvrpss pw pMJ

orpurqÄĄosoqrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopustÄĄpptooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqprwv pr sMJ

oqsptvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvstrp pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvstrp qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L .\ÄĄ;H[S[WĹĄ[HQ[J[L<otrxstJ+rowvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<otqvtrJ+txrvqvtSI[+L[HO`V S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[

\OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L99­CH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚ\W+XKL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;Â&#x201E;QVS[\USH[ \Oj[L<otqvtr J+txrvqvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopq prptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<otrxstJ+rowvtSI[+L[Hqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<otrxstJ+ rowvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otrxstJ+ rowvtSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ouqootJ+rpswtvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/ R[Ă&#x160;[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ovputvJ+sppvtSI[+L[H

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ouqootJ+rpswtvtSI[+L[HXO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrsrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsvrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqosstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpwrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospuotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovqsoq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owttrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpospptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqsuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/ororotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpwswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?170


po.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qoMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]rÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUpxP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpqP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqoT[+OL.W[Qpo.\XȤpw \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrtspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ Q[J[L<osspruJ+qvspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Q[J[Lourxtq r 

Â&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<otqwsuJ+txrxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osspru

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;OĂ&#x2026;Q[J[L<ossurwJ+qvtsqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\W\Ä­-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9prrttu r rMJ

S[\HowqoswÄĄppqtrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroqwÄĄorpusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ksqsstpu pp sMJ

oqroqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqtttwÄĄosqxosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Lououow(

VĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;9`\ÄĄ9[Q[J[L<osssqwJ+qvswttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;S[\XG]9SG

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lousutu s (

J+qvspstÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<osoopqJ+tttvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]txrppp pq sMJ

\JLotrvpvÄĄovpurvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtttuÄĄppqstsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTurps ps rMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqsrrrÄĄorrrpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopssptÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpvsoro pw pMJ

ovpoqsÄĄowsrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoqqouÄĄppswssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsrsuu po qMJ

U\Ltqpstqw pr sMJ S[Č&#x2030;spvsqqo pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvsqqo qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\OM[HQ[J[L<osssqqJ+qvswsoSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] @^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[ O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Q[J[L<osspqwJ+qvspqtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]L S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osssqqJ+

qvswsoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[ XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<osssqqJ+qvswsoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L< osspqwJ+qvspqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW

Â&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(Q[J[L<osspqwJ+qvspqtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

Q[J[L<osssqqJ+qvswsoSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovrorxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxsrsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpqootoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpsrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LospqoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LottpopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovqoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owtpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqtxpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?171


pp.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qpMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]sÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUqoP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTprP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqpT[+OL.W[Qpp.\XȤpx \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruouO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtqoJ+qsrovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovqttv s 

J+quqsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ`;\US[9SGO\G@Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtqoJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;R[;\W\Ä­Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwrpJ+qqrrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO½H]M[H-Q`HbR[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9ppvqprp s rMJ

S[\HowqootÄĄoxouqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxtqspÄĄpqpprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^Ksqtrrrs pp sMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HouopppÄĄowqootÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoporsvÄĄ

ǜžsstvqo po qMJ

ovporwÄĄowsrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopqqqqÄĄoqttpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louotox(

WĹ&#x152;Q](.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­ LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;S[\XG]Q[J[L<osppoq

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lovtpsw t (

qsrovtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<oqturqJ+trpvvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Â&#x201E;OT]tporow pr pMJ

\JLotrvspÄĄouqvptÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpusxÄĄppqsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[

QĂžTurspu ps sMJ

-X[ÄĄopssppÄĄorpusvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄossxqrÄĄotrtspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpvsxqs pw pMJ

optrqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqpprtÄĄpqtvtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltqptqsx pr sMJ

9[TS[\HovqwooÄĄowtssxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvrxpo pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvrxpo qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

XSM;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[Q[J[L<ospotuJ+quqsvtSI[+L[HO`VS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LXSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LÂ&#x201E;QV9L½[

O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwqsJ+qqrqsvtSI[+L[HO`V99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ospotuJ+ quqsvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Q[J[L<

ospotuJ+quqsvtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtpqJ+ qsqxsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtpqJ+qsqxsvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[

8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrwqsJ+qqrqsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orqtpqJ+

qsqxsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ospotuJ+quqsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ.\@\HLX[L\H\IW\9bW

Ă&#x160;½XĆĄU­bJ[V

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqussÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqpospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosowprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsvotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovpuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[( Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HporrqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqttpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otpotvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?172


pq.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qqMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]tÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUqpP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpsP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqqT[+OL.W[Qpq.\XȤqo \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotruroO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtqoJ+qqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howposr t 

.Ă?­[9SGOOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtqoJ+qqqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pqtorsJ+pwqpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOS]j[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwotÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qotqrw t rMJ

oporqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HousursÄĄovrqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxotstÄĄ

O^Ksququpr pp sMJ

optqsxÄĄosqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqsqsÄĄpqprtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsuwrw po qMJ

opqptsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsrrvÄĄpopuqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Louospo(

I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q`;\US[Q[J[L<osorrqJ+qusrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lowttow u (

oqqppuJ+tpsvtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;O½H]M[H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]tppqxw pr pMJ

ouqvrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpvoqÄĄowouroÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporsttÄĄ

QĂžTusqppp ps sMJ

orputtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqvrrÄĄovpvoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

Ç?Çłvpvtwqs pw pMJ

9^\T9S[\HporwrrÄĄppqstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsxowÄĄ

U\Ltqqopq pr sMJ

oqsqovÄĄosoxouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvrttx pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvrttx qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L XSM;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9Q[J[L<osorsuJ+qutpqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<pqtoswJ+pwqsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<osorsuJ+ qutpqtSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[

.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osorsuJ+qutpqtS I[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V

Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtpqJ+qqqrsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqrtpqJ+qqqrsvt SI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;

LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pqtoswJ+pwqsvtS

I[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS <oqrtpqJ+qqqrsvtSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJQ[J[L<osorsuJ+qutpqtSI[+L[HM^S[Q[X[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovqqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxrttoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpptqtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqoustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[LosospvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotsrowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovpqpt

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owsrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqxqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqrsrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqtppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otovooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?173


pr.\LjLpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\ÊM^S[ŕrwpt9T½[ŕ„WgSps.\LjL>[ŃqrMijL[PQ[X[uruU9[ŕvvp\O¾Q W[ǃ¢/+bS@]u„WbŋǃSvpsO[+T[bJUqqP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTptP[Juru…QcHqrT[+OL.W[Qpr.\XȤqp \ƵTXĉxt\X@S]

„O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrutsO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I-ƆQ] @j[ „O\LSMS<oqpsqwJ+qprotvt„Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Howttou u 

9SG„9gTO„O\LSMS<oqpsqwJ+qprotvt„Mj[I[+L[H…H\HT\Oj[L<

ÁXƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LS„íļ[bQ 

psqxsvt„Mj[I[+L[HM\S<-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwqxġovpvps„Mj[

„@[T[9qpswpq u rMJ

-X[ġpqppotġorpvoq„Mj[-X[ġosorrpġotruro„Mj[(

O^Ksqvqqtu pq pMJ

oxtprv„Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqtsooġosqurt„Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

O^SH/Q[J[Louorpp(

I[+L[HLOQ]LíÊ.Í­[Q[J[L<osqtoxJ+qutvso„Mj[I[+L[HM^LO­W^

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Loxtutq v (

oqptttJ+tprrrt„Mj[I[+L[H;S„R[;OS]j[L\Oj[L<ppquooJ+

„OT]tpqqwx pr pMJ

-X[ġoptqpuġorrpoq„Mj[O[bS[S[\Houstsoġoxtprv„Mj[

QþTutppx ps sMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoxstqrġporsst„Mj[(9^\T9S[\Hoxotovġ

Ǐdzvpwvrq pw pMJ

osqurtġottxpo„Mj[(9[TS[\Hppsvtoġopptoo„Mj[(

Ƕ¾svqop po rMJ

U\Ltqqvrt pr sMJ

S[ȉspvrqsw pp qMJ

„9H^popvrqsw qs sMJ @ʼnS„íļ[bQ\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­Q[L^;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ġS]S[ȉSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L .W;H[S[W[K9Q[J[L<osqtorJ+qutvqtSI[+L[H\QI^LS[\UǶÍOL­„JO;L-bƆ[ġS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ġS]ǏdzSJU[L[h].\J ǶLO[bS[„Og „R[\L„Q9^S;H[S[O[K[@^L[9„W+S„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`V H^T[O[bS[9^ŦS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<ppqttqJ+psqxqvtSI[+L[H„QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[

Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ń9L½[S[\USH[ H[S[„W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLíÊHQ[J[L<osqtorJ+

qutvqtSI[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLíÊHXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@„OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[S TL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/„J[9[L-9S[\LQ[J[L<osqtorJ+qutvqtSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[„O>[\LXO[„L/

QS[\LS„íļ[bQ„J[VL[\ƚQ[J[L<osqtorJ+qutvqtSI[+L[H\ƻM[JbJ[V8L[bL/L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ġƜ]„Ig

Q[?WbŦ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ñ[j\>ġ 9S[\LI[bL/„O\LSMS<oqpssqJ+qprprqtSI[+L[H„TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ê[XO[ \HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppqttqJ+

psqxqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;M^S[Q[X[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

„O\LSMS<oqpssqJ+qprprqtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;„J[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Q[J[L<osqtorJ+qutvqtSI[+L[HLíÊ[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[XO[ʽQ`HbR[;M[MbR[;„J[VL[\ƚLíÊbJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\L XO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ǶT/bW„R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

Tö9L½[S[\UH\Oj[Lovpwtq„Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[Loxrpts„Mj[(O`\Ž9S[\UH\Oj[Lppsxop„Mj[(KL^S[\UH„OL^9[ oqoqto„Mj[(Q9SS[\UHQ[J[Losooqp„Mj[(9^ŦS[\UHQ[J[Lotrxpr„Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovowqo„Mj[(„QV S[\UH„WŁ[owrxtr„Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\Hpoqtrp„Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\Hpqrorx„Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqsvqq„Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/otorot„Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\ď174


ps.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qsMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]vÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUqrP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpuP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqsT[+OL.W[Qps.\XȤqq \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvpvO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqstwJ+qptupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hoxrxtu v 

9SG;SÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqstwJ+qptupqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pptustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\UO\Oj[L<oxsxrrJ+poqusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­

Â&#x201E;@[T[9qqvvtx v rMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqprpoÄĄorropwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospxrtÄĄottwox

O^Ksqwqrqx pq pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosorssÄĄotrutsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowoussÄĄ

ǜžswrpqx po rMJ

owsrsqÄĄpopuouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpopuouÄĄppswrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoqpp(

I[+L[HJUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^LO­W^Q[J[L<otpusoJ+qxtqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM^V½[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpotusx w (

oqsqpsJ+tqrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;M\S<\Oj[L<poqtppJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tprqvps pr qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotrwtrÄĄouqwpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpvqvÄĄoxstpw

QĂžTutspro ps sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HoussssÄĄoxtposÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqposxÄĄorpvox

Ç?Çłvpwpusv pw pMJ

owtuopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovrppxÄĄowpvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltqqpstx pr sMJ

9[TS[\HowtqtoÄĄpoqoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvqxrv pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvqxrv qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\QI^LS[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtppJ+qptustSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[O[K[Q[J[L<otpurrJ+qxtpoSI[+L[H99­CS[\U \OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^Q9SO`VH^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ \Oj[L<poqtosJ+pptuqvt

SI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV\QI^L\W+X9L½[KL^O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;9L½[S[\USH[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtppJ+qptustSI[+L[H O`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<

otpurrJ+qxtpoSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/ Q[J[L<otpurrJ+qxtpoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<otpurrJ+qxtpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^ :[L[8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtppJ+qptustSI[+L[H9T\QU[9:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<poqtosJ+pptuqvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqtppJ+qptustSI[+L[H

L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJQ[J[L<otpurrJ+qxtpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovpstuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqvtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppstouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortuqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrtpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lovosqs

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoqprtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqusqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqsrquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostxoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?175


pt.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qtMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]wÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUqsP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpvP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqtT[+OL.W[Qpt.\XȤqr\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrvspO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroussJ+qrrxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpoqttq w 

-bĆ&#x201A;V[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oroussJ+qrrxrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

oxswtqJ+poqstvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\WÄ­\Oj[L<oxrupuJ+xtqro

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rxtqrr w qMJ

ovpvrxÄĄoxstpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqswÄĄorqxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

O^Ksqxqvrt pq pMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrortÄĄorpvpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLouqwqwÄĄ

ǜžsxsrq po rMJ

opqoqvÄĄoqtqspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotrxpuÄĄovpproÂ&#x201E;Mj[

S[Č&#x2030;spvququ pp qMJ

-X[ÄĄosoxsuÄĄotrvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Louoppp(

I[+L[H59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M^V½[Q[J[L<ourwqtJ+rqqwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpptssp x (

\Oj[L<orrxowJ+tstxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;\UO\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;OT]tpsquqo pr qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½-Q`HbR[;\JLotrxpuÄĄouqwqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTuuqpsr ps sMJ

ospwsuÄĄottvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtvpsÄĄoqrortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpwquw pw pMJ

ovpvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HottvoxÄĄousrsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltqqqqqr pr sMJ

-X[ÄĄosqsttÄĄottvoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HottvoxÄĄovqssoÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;9H^popvququ qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Ph[;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Q[J[L<ourwpwJ+rqqwrqtSI[+L[H99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ

\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxswstJ+poqssoSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[ Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HQ[J[L<ourwpwJ+rqqwrqtSI[+L[Hpqsuwpopppr ptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9T\QU[9:[L[ 8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<orourvJ+qrrxqoSI[+L[H1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<oxswstJ+

poqssoSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<orourvJ+qrrxqoSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJ

LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ourwpwJ+ rqqwrqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovppopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppsppoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ optstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ortqrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotrpqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LovooqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owrqopÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpopvrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqqqsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqrxroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osttprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?176


pu.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;quMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]xÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUqtP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpwP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHquT[+OL.W[Qpu.\XȤqs \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]/\Ĺ S[59[JU]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwotO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I59[JU] LĹ [ Q[J[L<ospvsrJ+quruvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hppprpt x 

9SGO[TOQ[J[L<ospvsrJ+quruvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

xtosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW[K½\Oj[L<oxsrowJ+powsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP

Â&#x201E;@[T[9rqqqrpw x qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpuquÄĄoxsxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpopvÄĄopsrto

O^Ktortp pq qMJ

otovoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLospvtuÄĄotovoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžspotsso po sMJ

9[TbOT[\JLppsvtsÄĄoppxtvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoppsruÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Louoopp(

I[+L[HÇ&#x161;z[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-bĆ&#x201A;V[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwptJ+rvqqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ<[

O[bS[O^SH/\Oj[Lpqtoop po (

otorquJ+twqxqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;\WÄ­\Oj[L<oxrtrtJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tptqtqx pr qMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLouqwsuÄĄowtuosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpqqvÄĄorqwto

QĂžTuvpuo pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqroruÄĄotrvspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLospvtuÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpwrtrv pw pMJ

orpvqrÄĄososoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLpopttoÄĄppsvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqqqxsv pr sMJ

oqsqpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvqrpu pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvqrpu qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ99­CS[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q9^S;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwowJ+rvqpoSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[

O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9S9^ĹŚ

\QI^LO`\Ĺ˝9O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[\Oj[L<oxrtqwJ+xtoroSI[+L[HO`V99­C9L½[H^T[Q9SO[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[Â&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owqwowJ+rvqpoSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[

Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwowJ+rvqpoSI[+L[Hqrtvxpppqpspupw

qoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[< owqwowJ+rvqpoSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<

ospvrtJ+qurtsvtSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/1Çł:/:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ospvrtJ+qurtsvtSI[+L[H M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxrtqwJ+xtoroSI[+L[HXO[Ă&#x160;½Q`HbR[;M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ospvrtJ+qurtsvtSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;WĹ&#x201E;[<owqwowJ+rvqpoSI[+L[H\JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VQX[JĂł[Â&#x201E;J[V\Mb?bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovovosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxqoouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[optpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orswrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louturq

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqwotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoprsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpwtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrtrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ostppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?177


pv.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qvMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]poÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUquP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTpxP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqvT[+OL.W[Qpv.\XȤqt \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwqxO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\IÇ&#x161;z[JU] PĂ?[ Q[J[L<ottrtpJ+rortqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqoqov po 

Q<[S[\H<pososvJ+sqrqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­N[ÇľL]9SGÂ&#x201E;9gTO

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

rortqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<outoopJ+qtstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sssqqo po qMJ

otsoosÄĄovpwosÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtuotÄĄppqrotÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ktpstrs pq qMJ

9^\T9bOT[\JLoqrxouÄĄorqwouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrstÄĄ

ǜžspquqr po sMJ

ovpptvÄĄowsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpopwsrÄĄppsuruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottxpo(

Ç&#x161;z[JU]SM[SL[\Oj[Lotsoos\Oj[LoxstotÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\HSJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsqqp pp (

\Oj[L<otoqqqJ+twqustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<ottrtpJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpuqsso pr qMJ

O\G@Â&#x201E;R[;W[K½\Oj[L<oxsqouJ+poutÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇśP-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTuvsqpx pt pMJ

owptsqÄĄppqrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrorvÄĄorpvqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpwstpq pw pMJ

oqrorvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLoqtpqpÄĄosqrprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JL

U\Ltqqrvpq pr sMJ S[Č&#x2030;spvqot pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvqot qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C 

Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;S[\H<pospopJ+sqrrqqtSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]L

Â&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<oxsptxJ+potsvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[ O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqv

LĂ­Ă&#x160;HS[\H<pospopJ+sqrrqqtSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JL TL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/S[\H<pospopJ+sqrrqqtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[VQ[J[L<ottrssJ+rortpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/

M_\H9[:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ottrssJ+rortpoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[

.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<oxsptxJ+potsvtSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L

XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJQ[J[L<ottrssJ+rortpoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJS[\H<pospopJ+sqrrqqtSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJ L[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LovoroxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpupoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpprrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opsvouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orssrwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotqrqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loutqru

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqsoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpooxsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpsttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqrprwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossvqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?178


pw.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSpx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qwMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]ppÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUqvP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqoP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqwT[+OL.W[Qpw.\XȤqu \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrwtrO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I\HSJU] @j[ Q[J[L<ovswqrJ+rtqosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\Hpqtqpr pp 

I[+L[H1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]9SG;S\Oj[L<ouswtwJ+qtqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

vtuqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LÂ&#x201E;R[;ÇśP\Oj[L<poosqvJ+ppotvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sputqqo pp qMJ

ppqqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowpstwÄĄoxopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxswtrÄĄ

O^Ktqtxp pq qMJ

otrwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HottsotÄĄowpstwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[

ǜžsprpwpp po sMJ

O[SbOT[\JLovpqpoÄĄowsrtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoppwtwÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lottwox(

I[+L[H>H^SJU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­N[ÇľL]\Oj[L<opoxtpJ+swsrqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;OL^9[oqrpqp pq (

Q[J[L<ovswqrJ+rtqosvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owtpopJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tpvqrtr pr rMJ

I[+L[Hǜž-Q`HbR[;\JLotsoqwÄĄouqxqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwpvÄĄ

QĂžTuwqqsq pt pMJ

pqoxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopsrspÄĄorpvruÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostprpÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpwtsts pw pMJ

\JLopoorwÄĄopsxrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqoxsuÄĄpqtusrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqqssrw pr sMJ

oqtospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HovqqowÄĄowtoppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvputs pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvputs qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L 1Ç&#x161;S;H[S[WĹĄ[H\Oj[L<oppoouJ+swsstSI[+L[H\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owtotsJ+vtutSI[+L[H9L½[S[\U Â&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H@^L[9

Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<ouswtpJ+ qtptvtSI[+L[H\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚO[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<owtotsJ+ vtutSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sprsuvpopqprptpv pxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oppoouJ+swsstSI[+L[HqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<oppoouJ+swsstSI[+L[H9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ

M[JbJ[V\Oj[L<oppoouJ+swsstSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;O/T=:[L[8L[bL/Q[J[L<ovswrwJ+rtqpqtS I[+L[HW[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄMS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ouswtpJ+qtptvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJQ[J[L<ovswrwJ+rtqpqtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V

8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<oppoouJ+swsstSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT /bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoutxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxpqprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqxqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orsosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotpxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LouswsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owqoprÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoottpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqpotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqqvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ossrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?179


px.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqo.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qxMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUqwP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqpP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqxT[+OL.W[Qpx.\XȤqv \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxpuO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\I>H^SJU] \SĂŁ[ S[\H<oxtqtxJ+sorppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/opsrot

XĆ&#x161;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<owsxrvJ+vtqtqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HU9^\LS[\H<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+pqqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x201C;ĆŹ-Q`HbR[;\JLotsotqÄĄouqxspÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9sqwtuqv pq pMJ

O[bS[S[\HousoovÄĄovqvpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxoppuÄĄorpvsr

O^Ktsptpp pq rMJ

osptquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqqrrÄĄpqppqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

ǜžspsror pp pMJ

9[TbOT[\JLowsrttÄĄpoptquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HoqsqqtÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lottvox(

I[+L[HI[\>LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄSN[ÇľL]\Oj[L<orsuqxJ+ttpsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

pq O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lorputt pr (

oxtqtxJ+sorppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H>H^Ć&#x152;[JÂ&#x201E;R[;ǜž\Oj[L<poruts

Â&#x201E;OT]tpwqrx pr rMJ

-X[ÄĄovpwqxÄĄowovpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporrssÄĄopooppÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuxrv pt pMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLouqxspÄĄovpwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HopswtxÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpxssq pw pMJ

portqrÄĄppqqquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsutwÄĄoppwqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqqtqr pr sMJ

osporxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvprsr pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvprsr qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\W+XS[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<owsxqxJ+vtqrqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;;[Çł;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<orsuqrJ+ttprsvtSI[+L[H9L½[ S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[ @^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L\W+XH^T[O`\Ĺ˝99^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV99­CO[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;99­CO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

owsxqxJ+vtqrqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+Sqstv

xppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<orsuqrJ+ttprsvtSI[+L[Hprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqr qsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orsuqrJ+ttprsvtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H

O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<orsuqrJ+ttprsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/W[:T:/:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄ

MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<oxtrprJ+sorptqtSI[+L[HĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<owsxqxJ+

vtqrqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJS[\H<oxtrprJ+sorptqtSI[+L[H8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@ 8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orsuqrJ+ttprsvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJ LĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouttpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxowpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqtquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrusuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotptrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lousssr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpupvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HpoopttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqovorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqqrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrxqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?180


qo.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqp.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;roMÄłL[PQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]prÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUqxP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqqP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHroT[+OL.W[Qqo.\XȤqw \ĆľTXÄ&#x2030;xt\X@S]QX[Tj[HM­L\M\H\S\M9;T\QT Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotrxsoO[bS[

.K[SSMS;\H\II[\> M_G­[ S[\H<pptvtuJ+stsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/oqrspq

>H^Ć&#x152;[J\Oj[L<pottrxJ+prutvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HL[;S[\H<pptvtuJ+

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[H/Ĺ&#x192;-Q`HbR[;\JLotsppuÄĄovpwsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopswquÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tpotww pr pMJ

orpvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosostxÄĄotrxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

O^Kttrrtq pq rMJ

9[TbOT[\JLoqsxqoÄĄosqospÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLosqospÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lottuov(

Ă&#x2018;\HMJLĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<ouqotwJ+prxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[9SG

pr O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lortxpr ps (

stsqsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\9ǢÜÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x201C;ĆŹ\Oj[L<pppqrsJ+prsxptÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tpxqqqv pr rMJ

orqttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourxppÄĄoxsvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqoxpsÄĄ

QĂžTuxsrrt pt pMJ

oxsstpÄĄporrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HoxoorwÄĄoxsvsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Ç?Çłvpxpsrv pw pMJ

ottqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppstrxÄĄoppsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsptsptx pp pMJ

U\Ltqqtxqx pr sMJ S[Č&#x2030;spvporq pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvporq qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<ouqotpJ+prwtvtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]L

O`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<pottrqJ+prusoSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^O[bS[ Q]LS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<ouqotpJ+ prwtvtSI[+L[HqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LS[\H<

pptvswJ+stsqqoSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Ć&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;9S[\LI[bL/S[\H<pptvswJ+stsqqoSI[+L[H9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[

\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; 8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<pottrqJ+prusoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJ L[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJS[\H<pptvswJ+stsqqoS

I[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<ouqotpJ+prwtvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoutpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxosqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppqprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ oprtpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orrqtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotppsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LousosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owpqqpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtvtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpqorovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqpxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrtrqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?181


qp.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqq.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;pJbQ[JSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]psÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUroP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqrP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqp.\XȤqx\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; xt\X@S]Â&#x201E;QS[Q[X[SMjT[\JL

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IĂ&#x2018;\HMJ LĹ [ \Oj[L<optrppJ+toqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/orqtox

\Oj[L<owsrtuJ+vrtsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG\9ǢÜ\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HO[TOÂ&#x201E;R[;/Ĺ&#x192;\Oj[L<ppsspvJ+ptvrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;OK`\H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9tqrott pr sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqporxÄĄorqtowÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosprstÄĄottpoo

O^Ktutstr pq sMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosotppÄĄotrxsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowovrqÄĄ

ǜžsputsp pp qMJ

owssooÄĄpoptpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLpoptpoÄĄppsuqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotttou(

I[+L[H\ĆťH]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;XĆ&#x161;[\Oj[L<oupxtuJ+prusoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\>Ă&#x160;[

ps O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Losrwsq pt (

pqtusoJ+pwwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<optrppJ+toqwsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tqoqpsv pr sMJ

-Q`HbR[;\JLotspsoÄĄouropvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpwtsÄĄoxsssv

QĂžTupoqsv pt qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourwptÄĄoxsvpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowtwÄĄorpvtu

Ç?Çłvpxqsrw pw pMJ

owtuoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HovqtroÄĄowpqssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

U\Ltqruts pr sMJ

9[TS[\HowswpoÄĄpopustÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvvqq pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvvqq qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<oupxsxJ+pruqqtSI[+L[H9L½[S[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<optrorJ+toqwqvtSI[+L[HH^T[ S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9

\Oj[L<owsrswJ+vrtqoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½

M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9KL^Q]LO`V\W+XO[bS[Q9SS[\USH[

<[H>Ĺ&#x192;O`VS[\USH[ \Oj[L<optrorJ+toqwqvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚ

S[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<oupxsxJ+pruqqtSI[+L[Hqsuvx ppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<owsrswJ+vrtqoSI[+L[Hprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqt quLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[\OÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L< oupxsxJ+pruqqtSI[+L[HL^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

optrorJ+toqwqvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<owsrswJ+vrtqoSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H \MJ[\LN^\HO^T[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LQS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<optrorJ+toqwqvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/9^Q[h[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<optrorJ+

toqwqvtSI[+L[HO`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW8j[b=bJL[@[\L XO[\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(\Oj[L<oupxsxJ+pruqqtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[; L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<optrorJ+toqwqvtSI[+L[H \JLJĂł[Â&#x201E;J[VM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LousvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LoxooqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpppvrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oprpqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqwtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotovsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourutr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owowquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtsorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpptxpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqptttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osrprvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?182


qq.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqr.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;qJbQ[JSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]ptÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUrpP[JpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqsP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHqÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqq.\XȤro\ĆľTXÄ&#x2030; xt\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsoqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I\ĆťH]j[ PĂ?[ \Oj[L<orroosJ+tsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/osptsp

O[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqsrrvJ+qqrstqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pttxsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqosÄĄourortÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9utwpx ps sMJ

-X[ÄĄospqttÄĄotsxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtuoqÄĄoqrosrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktwpws pq sMJ

ovpxovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HotsxtxÄĄourvpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžspwuu pp qMJ

-X[ÄĄospwtxÄĄotsxtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HotsxtxÄĄovpwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[

O^SH/Q[J[Lottsot(

H`H]j[LĂ­Ă&#x160;\>Ă&#x160;[\Oj[L<owsqtrJ+vrrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÇ&#x2030;[H]9SG

pt O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lotpttu pu (

orroosJ+tsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;Â&#x2026;OK`\H\Oj[L<pqotrtJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tqpqppo pr sMJ

-X[ÄĄovpxovÄĄoxsssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqpopvÄĄorqsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuppssp pt qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HoqrosrÄĄorpworÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourortÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpxrssu pw pMJ

oppvopÄĄoqswooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotsqosÄĄovprorÂ&#x201E;Mj[

U\Ltqrpsqo pr sMJ

-X[ÄĄospppwÄĄotsoosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spvspp pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvspp qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L<owsqsuJ+vrqstSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]

S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<posvqoJ+pqsrpoSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­

S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV O`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuvxppprptpupwqoqqqsqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L <owsqsuJ+vrqstSI[+L[HprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posvqoJ+pqsrpoS

I[+L[HqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V \Oj[L<orqxtuJ+tsqxsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<posvqoJ+pqsrpoSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/

O`XH] bO/T= :[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<orqxtuJ+tsqxsoSI[+L[HMbC[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\L XO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ(\Oj[L<owsqsuJ+vrqstSI[+L[HLĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ\Oj[L<orqxtuJ+tsqxsoSI[+L[H

LĂ­Ă&#x160;[Q`HbR[;R[L[XO[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L< posvqoJ+pqsrpoSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LousrroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowturpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppprrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqvquÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqstxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LotortoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Lourqtv

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owosrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxtoovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppttpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqpqooÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqvsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?183


qr.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqs.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;rJbQ[JSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]puÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUp.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqtP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHrÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqr.\XȤp Q^XSSQxu\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsotqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<ossqouJ+tvqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/ototst

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HTQ[J[L<osowtxJ+quvpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;S\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

pupqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2018;]\H-Q`HbR[;\JLourotsÄĄowtupqÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;@[T[9upvqrru pt sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqowqtÄĄopsrpwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrossÄĄotsoqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktxsrpv pq sMJ

otoorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpwpoÄĄosotruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžspxpwpu pp qMJ

9[TS[\HopprrxÄĄoqsqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottror(

>H^I­]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ç&#x2030;[H]\Oj[L<posusvJ+pqspsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\OU[:[

pu O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Lottprr pv (

ossqouJ+tvqxtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;\OĆ&#x192;^ĹŚ\Oj[L<pqppoqJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tqqqors pr sMJ

-X[ÄĄpqoxttÄĄorqrrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowppptÄĄoxsuovÂ&#x201E;Mj[

QĂžTuppstpw pt qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLospqotÄĄotoorpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLospqotÄĄ

Ç?Çłvpxsstx pw pMJ

popstsÄĄppstsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppstsqÄĄoppurpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqrqpsu ps pMJ S[Č&#x2030;spvpo pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popvpo qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L

Â&#x201E;Q[V;H[S[W[K9\Oj[L<posusoJ+pqsproSI[+L[HH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[

9^ĹŚS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvwpopqpspupvpxqpqrqtquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<posusoJ+pqsproSI[+L[Hqsu wxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ Ç?Çł9SGO[bS[J]Ă­[

TL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\L\Oj[L<posusoJ+pqsproSI[+L[H P[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[ -Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[ Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<ossptxJ+tvqwsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg

9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<posusoJ+pqsproSI[+L[H\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[V8L[bL/

MbC[T:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<ossptxJ+tvqwsvtSI[+L[HQ^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<posusoJ+pqsproSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^=:[b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<ossptxJ+tvqwsvtSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourxrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowtqrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppoxsqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opqrrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orqpoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqxop

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHÂ&#x201E;WĹ [owoortÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsuppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpptpqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqowosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osqrsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?184


qs.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\S\L+bIg9[M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqt.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;sJbQ[JSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pvÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUq.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTquP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHsÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqs.\XȤq Q^XSSQxu\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsppuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IH`H]j[ @j[ \Oj[L<osspquJ+tvqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/S[\HLb=/otttrp

<pqqtouJ+pusurtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-L^S[K[9SG;S\Oj[L<osspqu

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<otqstxJ+txptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOÂ&#x201E;R[;Ă&#x2018;]\H\Oj[L<

Â&#x201E;@[T[9uqxsxrx pu rMJ

ovpxrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtuprÄĄppqppsÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowporpÄĄ

O^Ktpppoqr pr pMJ

oqrsrsÄĄorqqttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HopsrprÄĄoqrostÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqororp pp rMJ

owssowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HpoptpvÄĄppssqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottqoq(

>H^I­]\Oj[L<otqstxJ+txptpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HMÄ?Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;\OU[:[\Oj[L

pv O[bS[O^SH/Q[J[Louqupx pw (

J+tvqvqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Q[J[L<otoutxJ+qwrppvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;OT]tqrqoq ps pMJ

ppttrtJ+ptrqsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H.j^Ć?[L-Q`HbR[;\JLotsqtqÄĄ

QĂžTupqqttx pt qMJ

ppqorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrostÄĄorpwpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JL

Ç?Çłvpxttpx pw pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLoqsusoÄĄospvpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLovprroÄĄ

U\Ltqrqxpp ps pMJ S[Č&#x2030;sputvsx pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^poputvsx qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQH^T[S[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<ppttqvJ+ptrqqvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[9;H[S[O[K[\Oj[L<pqqstxJ+pusupvtSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9 S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;

@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+XH^T[KL^Q9S\QI^L9L½[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[\Oj[L<ppttqvJ+ptrqqvtSI[+L[HO`V

\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqsuwxppprptpvpwqoqqqsquqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;H \Oj[L<pqqstxJ+pusupvtSI[+L[HprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@

Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<pqqstxJ+pusupvtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@ Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otqstpJ+txpstvtSI[+L[HP[HH^bTÂ&#x201E;JL[

-Ĺ&#x2021;Ă&#x2018;[UL <SW[Ăš[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\ĆťM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<pqqstxJ+pusupvtSI[+L[H Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/Q^Ĺź[:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otqstpJ+txpstvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<ppttqvJ+ptrqqvtSI[+L[HQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@

Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<pqqstxJ+pusupvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[\M?b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<otqstpJ+txpstvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161; LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourtrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowswrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppotsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oppxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orpvowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louqtot

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovturxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxsqptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/oqosowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospxtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?185


qt.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\SÂ&#x201E;T/M[9M[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqu.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;tJbQ[JSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pwÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUr.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqvP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHtÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqt.\XȤr Q^XSSQxu\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotspsoO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\I>H^I­] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<otqspxJ+txprrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loustpw px 

MS<oprspuJ+pxrwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[9SG\O\Ć&#x2020;\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO\Oj[L<otrurqJ+txsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vpqqwsx pv rMJ

otsrpuÄĄourprpÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxstÄĄppqotwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

O^Ktpqrxpr pr pMJ

opsrowÄĄorpwqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄostrrwÄĄotsppuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqpsqto pp rMJ

opstspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HpqovtrÄĄpqttrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

S[Č&#x2030;sputsrw pp qMJ

9[TS[\HovpuppÄĄowstqxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lottpoo(

MÄ?Q]\Oj[L<otrurqJ+txsrpoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HVĆ&#x160;]LĂ­Ă&#x160;-L^S[K[Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovootx px (

otqspxJ+txprrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOOQ[J[L<otrsqsJ+qxrwto

Â&#x201E;OT]tqspxrp ps pMJ

.j^Ć?[L\Oj[L<pppvouJ+prttrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;WgP[;½-Q`HbR[;\JL

QĂžTuprusq pt qMJ

owoxsuÄĄowtvqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoxstopÄĄpqovtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqotss pw qMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\HotsutsÄĄowoxsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLpqtvqvÄĄ

U\Ltqrruru ps pMJ

ovprssÄĄowssppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLopptrqÄĄoqsttxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^poputsrw qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprsowJ+pxrwpoSI[+L[HO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ 99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtvxpopqpspupwpxqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprsowJ+

pxrwpoSI[+L[HpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS< oprsowJ+pxrwpoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;OT:[L[8L[bL/ \Oj[L<otruqtJ+txsqtqtSI[+L[H\LQ:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ(\Oj[L<ppputxJ+prttpvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ \J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oprsowJ+pxrwpoSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJ

L[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];:[bjbJ\Oj[L<otruqtJ+txsqtqtSI[+L[H M[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LourpspÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowsssqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LppoptpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[ opptrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orprpqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LostqoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LouqpoxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHQ[J[LovtqsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrwqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppsrqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ oqoopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospttrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?186


qu.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\S/LW[/LW[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqv.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;uJbQ[JSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]pxÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUs.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqwP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHuÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqu.\XȤs Q^XSSQxu\X@S]Ă&#x2DC;]J_;­[M^@[SÂ&#x201E;OTVĆ&#x160;]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqosO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IMÄ?Q] M_G­[ \Oj[L<otrupsJ+txsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loustpw px 

MS<oqpqtoJ+qpprttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HQ_T[9SGO[TO\Oj[L<otrups

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<otpvpoJ+twtrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SÂ&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9vqtqqsv pw rMJ

owsvoqJ+vrwqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLotsrspÄĄ

O^Ktpsxsp pr qMJ

pqtvooÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourrrtÄĄovqppxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄowtustÄĄ

ǜžsqqttpr pp rMJ

opstowÄĄosoxrtÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLppqosqÄĄpqowtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;sputpqw pp qMJ

opptorÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLowsspsÄĄpopsroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\H

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsxtx(

VĆ&#x160;]\Oj[L<otpvpoJ+twtrsqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HWĹ&#x152;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Â&#x201E;@½Ć&#x160;[Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovootx px (

J+txsqqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTOQ[J[L<otrotpJ+qxqwtvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[

Â&#x201E;OT]tqtpxr ps pMJ

Â&#x201E;WgP[;½\Oj[L<popsoxJ+pppvpqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<

QĂžTuprsvqw pt rMJ

ourptoÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovpxtwÄĄowowovÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄporqrrÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqopupt pw qMJ

orpwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLourptoÄĄovpxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\H

U\Ltqrssq ps pMJ

9^\T9S[\HporqppÄĄpppxtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLppsssvÄĄ

Â&#x201E;9H^poputpqw qs sMJ

oqsqsrÄĄospqppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQO`\Ĺ˝9S[\U\OĂ&#x2018;OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]O^KSJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

-\S=;H[S[MSQ\QĂ&#x160;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpqsqJ+qpprrtSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[ \O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SO`V\QI^L9L½[O`\Ĺ˝9Q9S9^ĹŚ

99­CH^T[O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpqsqJ+qpprrtSI[+L[H\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SpqsuwpoppprptpvpxqoqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqpqsqJ+qpprrtSI[+L[HqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[L^7j[N^\H\MJ[\LN^\H O^T[\LS\JLTL[.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;J[9[L-9S[\LÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqpqsqJ+qpprrtSI[+L[H.TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\L XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<otpvqsJ+twtspvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LS

Â&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;\Oj[L<otpvqsJ+twtspvtSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/\LQ:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<otpvqsJ+ twtspvtSI[+L[HH[T:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[ 8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ(\Oj[L<popsqrJ+pppvsvtSI[+L[HXO[

\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L]; \Mb?bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqpqsqJ+qpprrtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@8j[b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];\Mb?bJ\Oj[L<otpvqsJ+twtspvtSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V8j[b=bJL[@[\LXO[ .\@8j[b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqvsuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowsosuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpotvtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opppssÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oroxpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosswovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Loupvpr

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovswsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxrsqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpprxrpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optuptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ospptwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?187


qv.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\SW[9TbWLpqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqw.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;vJbQ[JSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qoÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUt.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTqxP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHvÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqv.\XȤt Q^XSSQxu\X@S];HOX[\LOS

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqqwO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IVĆ&#x160;] LĹ [ \Oj[L<otpvpqJ+twtrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lovrtqv qo 

<oqqptsJ+qprtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HM_O­[V[i[9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@\Oj[L<osqwruJ+tutpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;R[;

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wwrqqs px rMJ

oututuJ+rqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[-Q`HbR[;\JLotssouÄĄ

O^Ktptsprw pr qMJ

oxsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqovqqÄĄorpwrvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosouquÄĄ

ǜžsqsvso pp sMJ

owtuouÄĄoxsrttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLoqsssoÄĄospsstÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

S[Č&#x2030;spuswpv pp qMJ

Â&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotswtv(

WĹ&#x152;Q]\Oj[L<osqwruJ+tutpptÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-Ć&#x2020;Q]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Q_T[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS

O[bS[O^SH/Â&#x201E;WĹ [ovruqp qo (

otpvpqJ+twtrsvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SQ[J[L<ostusqJ+qwqrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]tqupwrv ps pMJ

Â&#x201E;U[PL\Oj[L<owsvouJ+vrwrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<

QĂžTupsqwpw pt rMJ

ovqopqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄopssruÄĄorqosqÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourqsoÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqoqutq pw qMJ

otsqosÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLoxssqpÄĄporqqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

U\Ltqrtpqu ps pMJ

O[SbOT[\JLospsstÄĄotsstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HppsrqvÄĄopprou

Â&#x201E;9H^popuswpv qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]U\LSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;9H^SJU[L[h].\J ÇśLO[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L

.W;H[S[@Ĺ&#x2030;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqpstJ+qprtpoSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS] ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[ O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqrtvxpppqpspupwqoqpqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oqqpstJ+qprtpoSI[+L[HprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[ XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqpstJ+qprtpoSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<

osqwtpJ+tutptqtSI[+L[H<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[>[bLg9[SO[S TL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQM[JbJ[V\Oj[L<osqwtpJ+tutptqtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;8L[bL/H[T:[L[ 8L[bL/\Oj[L<osqwtpJ+tutptqtSI[+L[HL[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ  9S[\LI[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ(\Oj[L<

owsvqoJ+vrxvtSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+\M?b9[L;bJ \Oj[L<osqwtpJ+tutptqtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V:[bjbJL[@[\LXO[.\@:[bjbJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LouqrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowrutoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpotrtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[opovswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[orotqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosssppÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louprpu

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovsstpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxroqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpprtruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/optqqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osowoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?188


qw.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\S/bS/pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSqx.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;wJbQ[JSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qpÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUu.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTroP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHwÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqw.\XȤuQ^XSSQ xu\X@S]J_;­[Ć&#x2020;Q]QX[-Ć&#x2020;Q]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsqtqO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IWĹ&#x152;Q] PĂ?[ \Oj[L<osqxopJ+tutqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lowquqt qp 

MS<oqoqtqJ+qosuttÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H1ÄĄS[V[i[9SGO\G@\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

qtqustÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HOO\Oj[L<orpsoxJ+trssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO[TO

Â&#x201E;@[T[9wqptvss qo rMJ

ossupvJ+tvrsqvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H-Q`HbR[;\JLotssroÄĄ

O^Ktpvpstv pr rMJ

orpxtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosovttÄĄotsrtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HourpssÄĄ

ǜžsqtqopp pp sMJ

otsqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLowowqqÄĄowtupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\H

S[Č&#x2030;spustu pp qMJ

9[TbOT[\JLpopsptÄĄppsspoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HowsrqxÄĄ

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsvtt(

-Ć&#x2020;Q]\Oj[L<orpsoxJ+trssvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HLOQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;M_O­[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LS

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howprpu qp (

osqxopJ+tutqpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H\O\Ć&#x2020;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<ortsswJ+

Â&#x201E;OT]tqvpwpr ps qMJ

Â&#x201E;R[;-\H;Ä&#x161;\Oj[L<outvqpJ+rrvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HW^9Q­[\Oj[L<

QĂžTuptxpo pt rMJ

ourqqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqoqtÄĄoxsspvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqowoxÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqorvrt pw qMJ

oxsrqqÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqovouÄĄorpwssÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosourxÄĄ

U\Ltqrtwtp ps pMJ

ovpxrxÄĄowovrrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLowssqoÄĄpopsptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Â&#x201E;9H^popustu qs sMJ

poprpxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

@Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]ǜžSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\L

O[JS;H[S[WĹĄ[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqorouJ+qosvroSI[+L[HKL^S[\UĂ­\Ă&#x160;jOL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[H\Oj[L<orpsopJ+trsrsvtSI[+L[H

Q9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LÂ&#x201E;:h/;H[S[ \OM[H@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+S\QI^L99­CH^T[KL^9^ĹŚQ]LÂ&#x201E;QV\W+O[bS[O`\Ĺ˝9S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;H^T[O[bS[9^ĹŚS[\USH[ \Oj[L<

orpsopJ+trsrsvtSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[  H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprsuvpopqprptpvpxqpqqqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqorouJ+qosvroSI[+L[Hqstvxpp prpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[<SW[Ăš[Â&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ .TJS[\LO[bS[O]@Â&#x201E;OT[\LS\JLTL[\O

ÇłX[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqorouJ+qosvroSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;T\S9-9S[\L \OJ½[SĹŚ  K[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/\Oj[L<orpsopJ+trsrsvtSI[+L[HK[L9[M[\LS\JLTL[

9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQÂ&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqorouJ+qosvroSI[+L[H\ĆťM[JbJ[V8L[bL/ L[\S9L:[L[8L[bL/-X[ÄĄĆ&#x153;]Â&#x201E;IgQ[?WbĹŚ[;O[bS[MS[\@H Ă&#x2018;[j\>ÄĄ 9S[\LI[bL/\Oj[L<orpsopJ+trsrsvtS I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ( \Oj[L<outvpqJ+rqstSI[+L[HL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[V\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqorouJ+qosvroSI[+L[H\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];

8j[+Q^=b9[L;bJ\Oj[L<orpsopJ+trsrsvtSI[+L[HXO[\HI½Q`HbR[;\Mb?bJL[@[\LXO[.\@\Mb?bJ\J9ÇśT/bW Â&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoupxtrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowrqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LpotooqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH

Â&#x201E;OL^9[oportqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oropqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LossoptÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[Louoxqo

Â&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QVS[\UHQ[J[LovsottÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxqurqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HpprpsoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\H Lb=/opswqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/ososouÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?189


qx.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\SI[+>[pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSro.\Ç&#x2C6;L>[Ĺ&#x192;xJbQ[JSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQW[Ç&#x192;¢ /+bS@]qqÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUv.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTrpP[JuruÂ&#x2026;QcHxÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qqx.\XȤvQ^XSSQ xu\X@S]

Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrpuO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\ILOQ] \SĂŁ[ \Oj[L<oprurwJ+sxrxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Loxpwrr qq 

9SGO[TOÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oqqwouJ+qpswuoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x201E;9gTO\Oj[L<

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

J+tvrtrqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK`\H\Oj[L<oqpvsoJ+tpqptqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xtrwr qp rMJ

oxssprÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄpqovswÄĄorpxpsÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄosovotÄĄ

O^Ktpwsxrs pr rMJ

oqrotpÄĄorpwtpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLourqsvÄĄovqorwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

ǜžsqurqsv pp sMJ

oqsrqoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLotssttÄĄovpsrxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospros

S[Č&#x2030;spusptt pp qMJ

ÄĄotsqtqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsuts(

JUQ]LĂ­Ă&#x160;1ÄĄS[V[i[Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxsqJ+pwtwÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HĂ&#x2DC;OG[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Howtqrv qq (

oprurwJ+sxrxpvtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HÂ&#x2026;H\HTÂ&#x201E;R[;W^9Q­[\Oj[L<ossusr

Â&#x201E;OT]tqwpvtq ps qMJ

U_T-Q`HbR[;\JLotssttÄĄourqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄovqorwÄĄ

QĂžTupttot pt rMJ

otsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HpqtstpÄĄoqrotpÂ&#x201E;Mj[(QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;S[\H

Ç?Çłvqoswqr pw qMJ

9^\T9S[\HotsqswÄĄourosxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JLopprruÄĄ

U\Ltqsupt ps pMJ

ÄĄotsqswÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TS[\HotsqswÄĄovpqsxÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄospqtq

Â&#x201E;9H^popusptt qs sMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Q[L^;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]Â&#x201E;OL]SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L Â&#x201E;:h/;H[S[\OM[HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxtwJ+pwtwsoSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\LO[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]L O`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+XS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SqstvxppprpspupwqoqqqrqtqvLĂ­Ă&#x160;HÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS< oppxtwJ+pwtwsoSI[+L[HprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;HXO[9[SO[SÂ&#x201E;O>[\LXO[TL[XO[Â&#x201E;L/ Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxtwJ+pwtwsoSI[+L[H9[SO[STL[XO[Â&#x201E;O>[\LXO[Â&#x201E;L/QS[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ\Ă&#x160;M[JbJ[VÂ&#x201E;O\LSMS<

oppxtwJ+pwtwsoSI[+L[HM[JbJ[V8L[bL/Â&#x201E;TO^:[L[8L[bL/\Oj[L<oprutrJ+sxrxttSI[+L[H9T\QU[9 :[L[8L[bL/R[Ă&#x160;[XO[\W\Ä­bR[;Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ(Â&#x201E;O\LSMS<oppxtwJ+

pwtwsoSI[+L[HXO[\W\Ä­bR[;L[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bWQ^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ

\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];Q^b=bJ\Oj[L<oprutrJ+sxrxttSI[+L[HM[MbR[;Â&#x201E;J[VL[\Ć&#x161;LĂ­Ă&#x160;bJ[VQ^b=bJLĂ­Ă&#x160;ÇśT/bW Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[Q^b=bJL[@[\LXO[.\@Q^b=bJ\J9ÇśT/bWÂ&#x201E;R[\;L];8j[b=bJ

TĂś9L½[S[\UH\Oj[LoupttvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(H^T[S[\UH\Oj[LowqwtxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`\Ĺ˝9S[\UH\Oj[LposuowÂ&#x201E;Mj[(KL^S[\UH\Oj[L pqtxttÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q9SS[\UHÂ&#x201E;OL^9[oqtvqvÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^ĹŚS[\UHQ[J[LosrupxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Q]LS[\UHQ[J[LouotqsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(Â&#x201E;QV S[\UHQ[J[LovrutxÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O`VS[\UHS[\HoxqqruÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\QI^LS[\UHS[\HppqvsrÂ&#x201E;Mj[(99­CS[\UHS[\HLb=/ opssqwÂ&#x201E;Mj[(\W+XS[\UHS[\HLb=/osoopoÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

Q[\S121

M[\Ä?190


ro.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpQ[\ST[Q^/\W+pqs\Ă&#x160;M^S[Ĺ&#x2022;rwpt9T½[Ĺ&#x2022;Â&#x201E;WgSp9[\ĥ­9>[Ĺ&#x192;poJbQ[JSQ[X[uruU9[Ĺ&#x2022;vvp\OžQ

W[Ç&#x192;¢/+bS@]qrÂ&#x201E;WbĹ&#x2039;Ç&#x192;SvpsO[+T[bJUw.\Ç&#x2C6;LpqpP[SH]j\W\PTp.\Ç&#x2C6;LuruÂ&#x2026;QcHpoÂ&#x201E;QS[.W[Qro.\XȤw Q^XSSQxu\X@S]9[\H\OČ&#x2030;J_;­[M^@[T\QTÂ&#x201E;Jg.T[\LĂ&#x2DC;]S[Q>Ĺ&#x192;S\O@bj[¢WO Â&#x201E;O\L;\L9^TH/\Oj[LotsrspO[bS[

@^T[9SMS;\H\IJUQ] M_G­[ S[\H<ppspowJ+sstorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H

@^L[9X[L\L9^TH/\Oj[Lpopqoq qr 

9SGÂ&#x2026;H\HT\Oj[L<pqspptJ+pvqotoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;SS[\H<ppspow

Ă XƤ^C bO\L;\L9^T[\LSÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQ 

Â&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[H;Ä&#x161;-Q`HbR[;\JLourrouÄĄowtuqrÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

Â&#x201E;@[T[9xpxrpsv qq rMJ

pqourtÄĄopsqsvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄoqrotrÄĄotsrpuÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^Ktqoqtqp pr sMJ

ostsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9S[\HorpwtxÄĄosovotÂ&#x201E;Mj[(O[SbOT[\JL

ǜžsqvstqu pq pMJ

9[TS[\HoppqsrÄĄoqsqtsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

O^SH/Q[J[Lotsttq(

59[JU]LĂ­Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2DC;OG[\Oj[L<pqpuorJ+pupvtoÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HK\LĆ&#x160;[

O[bS[O^SH/S[\Hoxrtpt qr (

J+sstorqtÂ&#x201E;Mj[I[+L[HO\G@Â&#x201E;R[;U_TS[\H<pprspvJ+ssrrqt

Â&#x201E;OT]tqxpvrr ps qMJ

pqovqvÄĄorpwroÂ&#x201E;Mj[O[bS[S[\HowouotÄĄoxsqpvÂ&#x201E;Mj[-X[ÄĄ

QĂžTupurps pt rMJ

QbXĹ&#x192;bR[;\JLosoupuÄĄostsoqÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9^\T9bOT[\JLosoupuÄĄ

Ç?Çłvqotxpv pw qMJ

popsooÄĄppsrrsÂ&#x201E;Mj[(9[TbOT[\JLppsrrsÄĄopprovÂ&#x201E;Mj[(

U\Ltqsprrw ps pMJ S[Č&#x2030;spurwss pp pMJ

Â&#x201E;9H^popurwss qs rMJ @Ĺ&#x2030;SÂ&#x201E;Ă­Äź[bQQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­Â&#x201E;JO;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]Ç?ÇłSJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]@^L[9SJU[L[h]-ğ½ M[\LO[bS[Q[\C Â&#x201E;R[\L O[JS;H[S[Â&#x201E;Ă­Q[\Oj[L<pqpttuJ+pupvrqtSI[+L[HQ9SS[\UÂ&#x2026;OU½OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[

\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9S[\H<ppspopJ+sstoptSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\U ÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]QĂžTSJU[L[h]QK½ \ĆľO[bS[M[\L Â&#x201E;R[\LL+U[;H[S[Ă&#x2018;bH½9\Oj[L

<pottpwJ+pqtsttSI[+L[H9^ĹŚS[\UÇśĂ?OL­S[/Ă W;L-bĆ&#x2020;[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[O[bS[\O+bU[ÄĄS]S[Č&#x2030;SJU[L[h].\J ÇśL O[bS[Â&#x201E;Og Â&#x201E;R[\L<h[;H[S[W[K9@^L[9Â&#x201E;W+SÂ&#x201E;QV99­C\W+XO`\Ĺ˝9Q9SQ]LO`V9L½[O[bS[KL^S[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\W+X S[\USH[ S[\H<ppspopJ+sstoptSI[+L[HÂ&#x201E;QVO`V\W+X9L½[KL^9^ĹŚ\QI^LH^T[O[bS[Q9SS[\USH[ <[H>Ĺ&#x192;\QI^L O[bS[Q]LS[\USH[ H[S[Â&#x201E;W+SprtuwpopqpsptpvpxqpqrqsquLĂ­Ă&#x160;H\Oj[L<pqptt