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Excellence in research and learning through partnerships with the entire value chain to advance the development of value-added poultry products and production practices.

To conduct excellent research that leads to the development of innovative and sustainable production systems

To serve as a leading source of scientific knowledge that supports the production of safe, high quality poultry products that meet changing consumer needs

To foster an environment of learning that incorporates input from industry, as well as teaching, technology transfer and knowledge transfer activities

To connect with industry on a continuous manner, both in the receiving of input and the transferring of knowledge


Table of Contents Chair’s Report

1

Executive Director’s Report

2

This Year’s Highlights

4

Research Highlights

7

Organizational Overview

11

Research Funding: Project Listing 2008-09

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Funding

30

Facility Usage

32

Evidence of Productivity Refereed Papers in Scholarly Journals

33

Conference Presentations (Abstracts)

34

Scientific and Industry Presentations

36

Books and Book Chapters

41

Technical Publications and Industry Reports

41

Research into Practice

42

Patents

44

Awards and Honours

45

Acronyms Used

47


The current economic situation is going to offer many challenges and opportunities as the PRC and its staff attempt to balance budgets and obtain research funding. We will all need to be diligent in properly managing the funds that have been allocated to the PRC as well as attracting new funds in the future. Research is the lifeblood of innovation, and it is through innovation and entrepreneurship that our industry will continue to develop and progress.

In 2008, the Poultry Research Centre Advisory Board of Directors initiated a major review of the function of the Centre. A full program review was conducted in early 2009 by independent experts in poultry researcher and technology transfer from the USA, Australia and Canada. The report has provided the Board with a lot of excellent ideas that will enable the Centre to continue to meet and exceed its goals in the future. This type of exercise provides researchers, students, staff and Board members with an opportunity to refocus on the vision and goals of the Poultry Research Centre (PRC).

Don Copeland, Chair

I want to congratulate all of the researchers, students and staff who were awarded special recognition at the 2008 Poultry Science meetings. This recognition shows the success of past work at the PRC as well as the abilities of the individuals involved. Congratulations to Frank Robinson, Doug Korver, Martin Zuidhof, Felicity Dennis, Lukas Kawalilak and Mojtaba Yegani. There have been several changes to the PRC Board during the past year. We welcome Reg Ference, Jo Ann Nanninga, and Ed Rodenburg to the Board. They will bring us new perspectives from their industry sectors and their individual backgrounds. On behalf of the Board, I want to extend our thanks for the work of departing members Robin Horel and Lloyd Johnston. They were both excellent participants in our discussions and contributed greatly to the success of the PRC. Also, thanks to Iwona Pawlina and the PRC staff for their efforts during the past year.

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Abie Naeima (MSc) is working at Maple Leaf Hatchery in Wetaskiwin toward improving hatchability, chick quality and efficiency. Dr. Jennifer Saunders-Blades is a Post Doctoral Fellow with Dr. Korver at the PRC.

A famous Greek author and philosopher, Plato, once wrote that necessity is the mother of invention, meaning that if we need to do something that has been never done before, we will find a way to do it. At the Poultry Research Centre, we partnered with the poultry industry, funders, the University of Alberta and Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development to work collectively to meet the needs of our poultry industry. Together we can make a difference. The PRC measures its accomplishments in several key result areas. In 2008 – 2009, we attracted over $3,000,000 in research funding, including $600,000 from industry. For every dollar received from the poultry industry in Alberta and Canada this year, we secured four dollars from provincial, federal and other sources. These funds supported 49 research projects at the PRC. We are grateful for $4,000,000 of basic funds we received from the University of Alberta, Alberta Agriculture, Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund, Alberta Agricultural Research Institute and poultry industry partners for the PRC operations. This past year we had 35 graduate students. We are very proud of our recent graduates who completed their studies and entered the workforce. Dr. Luis Romero has taken on a research scientist position with Danisco in Marlborough, UK. Nick Wolanski (MSc) is working for Parkland Conservation Farm in Mundare, Alberta. Adrienne Herron (MSc) joined the Office of the Chief Provincial Veterinarian in Red Deer, Alberta, as a Livestock Welfare Tech Transfer Specialist. Dr. Michelle Jendral is an Assistant Professor with Nova Scotia Agricultural College.

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Our research teams participated in numerous activities and events aimed at sharing knowledge and transferring technologies developed at the PRC. The PRC researchers and students published 20 papers in peer-reviewed journals, delivered 34 presentations at research conferences, delivered 81 presentations at scientific and industry meetings, as well as published four book chapters and submitted 23 reports to industry and funders. We also organized industry workshops and events to share what we have learned. Last year, I reported that our new value-added research team secured research funding and engaged Post Doctoral Fellows, research associates and graduate students. The researchers and their collaborators are currently developing technologies that could lead to innovative poultry products. Our value-added program is focused on addressing issues important to our industry. Researchers are developing technologies to efficiently extract proteins, proteoglycans and gelatin from underutilized poultry by-products such as mechanicallyseparated poultry meat or spent hens with potential application in protein-based adhesives, edible protein film (casing), biodegradable packaging, coating agents, food ingredient and meat fillers. They are also developing an innovative technology for producing new furtherprocessed meat products without sodium chloride and polyphosphates by using high-pressure processing of chicken meat proteins. On the poultry production site, the PRC researchers continue their research in improving production practices. A recently completed project has provided an optimal protocol for producing omega-3 enriched broiler chicken breast and thigh meat. Researchers just completed two large-scale projects to understand the links between maternal growth, production efficiency and uniformity on broiler performance and uniformity. Considerable efforts are focused on studying the mechanisms behind decreasing hatchability. You can learn more about our efforts in the research, learning and technology transfer in our Annual Report.


I would like to thank the researchers, students and staff at the Poultry Research Centre for their contribution to our successes. I would also like to thank our Advisory Board of Directors for their guidance and commitment to the PRC. Thank you very much to out partners for their support. The University of Alberta Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund Alberta Agricultural Research Institute Alberta Chicken Producers Alberta Egg Producers Alberta Hatching Egg Producers Alberta Turkey Producers Lilydale Inc. Maple Leaf Foods Sparks Farms Burnbrae Farms

Iwona Pawlina, Executive Director

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This Year’s Highlights Dr. Frank Robinson has accepted the position of Interim ViceProvost and Dean of Students for the University of Alberta, effective July 1, 2008. While his research program has been greatly reduced, he maintains his teaching program in Animal Science 200. In his new position, Frank is responsible for many student services on Dr. Frank Robinson campus. In particular, he is working to enhance student engagement and improve student retention rates across all faculties. After almost 22 years in his poultry production and physiology position, Frank embraced his new role and is enthusiastic about the new opportunities. Frank continues to support the PRC as a non-voting member of the PRC Advisory Board of Directors as well as a member of the PRC management team and the PRC Communications and Technology Transfer Committee. He continues to make presentations to the broiler breeder community in Canada and internationally and serves the agricultural community as a member of the Agriculture and Food Council of Alberta. Why did Dr. Zuidhof cross the road? Dr. Martin Zuidhof, poultry scientist from Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development (ARD) who helped establish a strong and effective partnership between the PRC and the ARD joined the UofA as an Associate Professor. Effective February 1, 2009, Martin’s research program is focused on Dr. Martin Zuidhof optimizing poultry production systems. This involves estimating rates of poultry growth and development under different nutrition and management scenarios and predicting nutrient requirements that could be met at a reasonable cost. Martin will continue supporting a close partnership with ARD. University students will benefit from Martin’s scientific expertise, teaching and experience in building relationships with industry and government organizations.

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Felicity Dennis retired on August 31, 2008 after 18 years as a research technician with Frank Robinson and his research team. Felicity gained expertise in broiler breeder work including artificial insemination, feeding, poultry health as well as data collection in carcass composition, egg breakout, dissections and reproductive Felicity Dennis exams. Most importantly about 50 faculty, students or staff benefited from her skills, knowledge and support. Felicity was known to meet new graduate students and help them outfit apartments, feed them and organize social events to make them feel welcome at the Poultry Research Centre. We wish Filly the very best in retirement.

On July 23, 2008, the Poultry Research Centre crew took centre stage in front of an international audience at the Poultry Science Association’s Centennial meeting. They accepted distinctive awards in recognition of their many contributions to poultry science and the poultry industry. Dr. Frank Robinson was named a Fellow of the Poultry Science Association. Election to Fellow is one of the highest distinctions a PSA member can achieve. Dr. Doug Korver received the American Feed Industry Association Poultry Nutrition Research Award for distinctive work demonstrating sound research in poultry nutrition.

Drs. Renema and Zuidhof, expressed their appreciation to Felicity Dennis for assisting them in research activities

Dr. Martin Zuidhof was recognized by the National Chicken Council Broiler Research Award for distinctive research work that has a strong economic impact on the broiler industry.


Mrs. Felicity Dennis received the Tyson Foods Support Personnel Award to acknowledge her long-term role in assisting faculty in poultry research. Mr. Lukas Kawalilak, received an NSERC undergraduate award to conduct research in the summer of 2007 with Dr. Fasenko. Mr. Kawalilak was awarded the PSA Student Research Paper Certification of Excellence for his oral presentation “Impaired intestinal villi growth in broiler chicks with navel buttons”. Mr. Mojtaba Yegani, Dr. Korver’s graduate student, won the PSA Student Essay Competition for his essay on “The Future of Poultry Science”. Mojtaba had the opportunity to present his views during a symposium on the future of the poultry science at this PSA meeting. Ms. Victoria Sikur, a former student of Dr. Robinson, received the PSA Early Achievement Award from the poultry industry.

The PRC researchers, students and staff developed displays under the theme of Healthy Food and More. These displays demonstrated important concepts about incubation, meat production, egg production and valueadded product development. It is estimated that over 2,500 people attended the two-day event. There is a Heifer in Your Tank - Science Answers to Questions You Didn’t Know You Had About Animal Agriculture.

The PRC Welcomes New Graduate Students This year we welcomed 14 new graduate students from around the World to the PRC community including: Jacky Chan, Yuliya Hrynets, Yang Liu (supervisor Dr. Betti); Dulal Paul (supervisor Drs. Renema and Zuidhof); Mejo K.R., Sen Li, Liyana Arachichilage Chamila Koushalya Nimalaratne (supervisor Dr. Wu); Patrycja Romanowska (supervisor Dr. Goddard); Sandeep Singla (supervisors Drs. Korver and Betti); Cibele Torres (supervisor Dr. Korver); Zahir Uddin; Josue Romao (supervisor Dr. Fasenko); Simmon Hofstetter, Christine Lui (supervisor Dr. McMullen). Connecting With Urban and Rural Communities to Enhance Agricultural Awareness

Sopilka Ukrainian Dance Ensemble

Once again, university learning has gone beyond the classroom walls. This year, Dr. Frank Robinson traveled with his Heifer in Your Tank Team (HIYT) to Camrose and Vegreville to deliver science answers to questions you didn’t know you had about animal agriculture as part of Animal Science 200 course. The HIYT team has also organized summer camps where children age 9-13 enjoyed summer sports and learned about the agri-food industry through hands-on experience with chickens, pigs and cows. If you have every wonder if they would serve bigger chicken wings in restaurants if chicken could fly or if turkey could drown in a rainstorm, visit HIYT website for answers at http:// www.heiferinyourtank.ca/ Amazing Agriculture April 14th to 18th, 2009.

Food and U Day The PRC participated in the UofA’s public event – “Food and U Day”. School children and general public learned about poultry science and how research impacts their lives.

Northlands Agricom, Edmonton, Alberta. Along with the Parkland Conservation Farm and Alberta Agriculture and Food, the EarthCare Balloon was brought to AMAZE-ing Agriculture at Northlands. This is 20 foot by 20 foot model of the world allowed kids to see where their food comes from and learn about “food miles” and agricultural sustainability. Student groups could even go inside the balloon to see the entire world from the inside and appreciate how little land we have to produce food on. Agricultural products from Alberta were focused on including the poultry industry.

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Learning from Each Other

Cluck -The science behind the hen house doors. Feather boas, chicken hats and laughter… Through the performing arts, members of the PRC shared table egg research and science with 150 Alberta egg producers and allied industry members. The event was a new form of edutainment where science and learning is woven into a fun light hearted venue. Through short skits and singing the audience learned about laying hen housing, physiology, husbandry and the future of the industry. Cluck - The science behind the hen house doors was developed to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the Alberta Egg Producers by a group led by Valerie Carney , executive producers Brenda Schneider (ARD) and Dana Penrice (UofA). Cast members included Frank Robinson as Old Hen, Martin Zuidhof as Dr. Pecker, Rob Renema as Dr. Clo Aicha, Jianping Wu as Dr. WooHoo, and Nick Wolanski as Henrietta the young layer.

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New Directions in Feeding Poultry - Seminar. The PRC and Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development shared their research results in the area of poultry nutrition and feeding with producers and feed company reps. Workshops were held in Olds and in Edmonton. Researchers presented practical information on new feed ingredients and quality, broiler diet formulation and product quality and broiler breeder feeding programs for improved chick production. Fact sheets were provided for attendees and subsequently posted on the PRC website. Managing the Modern Broiler Breeder Workshop. This three day event was co-hosted with Aviagen and was designed for people working in the hatching egg industry. Forty attendees, including producers and service personnel, participated in lectures and “handson” laboratories. PRC researchers, Aviagen personnel and industry experts from across North America presented information for best management practices to improve fertile hatching egg production.


Research Highlights Embryology and Chick Quality Does the age of parents affect quality of offspring?

Broiler navel condition affects intestinal development.

MACKENZIE (FASENKO) –Researchers examined the effects of factors attributed to the rooster and the hen at different ages on fertility, chick quality and broiler performance. There were no differences between young and old roosters in sperm concentration or sperm mobility in regards to flock age, however there were differences between the individual males within each flock. The fertility of young roosters (37 weeks of age) mated to old hens (60 weeks of age) as lowest of all the age group pairings. The combination of young hens (37 weeks of age) mated to old roosters (60 weeks of age) resulted in the lightest broiler.

KAWALILAK & ULMER FRANCO (FASENKO) -- Research has recently been completed to examine the effects of small navel buttons in broiler chicks on intestinal development during the first days post-hatch. Results show that chicks with navel buttons had larger yolk sacs than chicks with healed navels. Additionally, the intestine was more developed in chicks with healed navels (i.e. the villi were taller). Absorption of the yolk sac content is necessary for chick growth and development of the intestine. Because intestinal development is important for nutrient absorption, even small navel buttons affect chick quality and potentially, chick growth and performance.

Metabolism and Reproduction Feather coverage and mating behavior…what’s the connection?

Manipulation of protein during growth affects breeder development.

RENEMA - Researchers have studied the relationship of female feather coverage and reproductive condition with male mating aggression and social behaviour in broiler breeders. They reported that feather cover may be used as general but not definitive indicator of mating frequency. The more uniform the male body weight distribution the less male to female aggression was observed. In flocks with poor uniformity, it was the larger males that showed more male to female aggression. It was also found that females that mated least frequently tended to be the smaller pullets during the rearing phase and would likely have matured later than the rest of the flock.

RENEMA – The impact of timing of protein intake and growth patterns on reproductive efficiency in broiler breeder females was examined. By over-feeding or under-feeding protein to test birds, researchers found that affecting protein intake between 7-13 weeks of age had the greatest impact on reproductive development. While ultimately egg production was similar among all groups, manipulation of protein during any part of the rearing phase negatively affected chick numbers. Nutritional impact on fertility and hatchability are key components of research just getting underway in 2009.

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Metabolism and Reproduction (cont.) Maternal feeding strategies to improve uniformity.

Efficiency in broilers linked to efficiency in breeders.

ROBINSON – Uniformity in broiler breeders improves profitability along the entire broiler chicken supply chain. The effects of broiler breeder feed and management strategies during the growth phase on flock uniformity were examined. Treatments included everyday and skipa-day feeding, scatter feeding (broadcast feed on litter), feed dilution, and bird sorting. Pullet flock uniformity was improved by 7 weeks of age by sorting birds based on body weight or scatter feeding pelleted feed – in both cases without increasing feed consumption. Diet dilution by 25% with oat hulls had no effect. The breeder production and broiler performance data is currently being analyzed.

ROBINSON – A study to investigate linkages in broiler breeder efficiency with efficiency and meat quality traits of broilers was recently completed. Minimizing maintenance requirements may not be compatible with maximizing broiler performance and meat yield. A key finding was that shifting our target body weight profiles up or down a bit does not help to trigger improved production for the majority of hens. Specific subpopulations of birds benefit the most from these shifts. Smaller pullets in particular see large increases in egg production when allowed a higher plane of nutrition. This project also recently revealed unique information linking aggressive feed withdrawal to shell quality issues. The researchers concluded that hen body weight was less important than feed allocation for egg composition and quality traits, which were negatively affected by rate of feed withdrawal.

Management and Physiology

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New techniques to measure body temperature

Broiler breeder feed allocation affected by temperature

ZUIDHOF - Preliminary research has recently been completed that will ultimately enable early disease detection and barn management through improved detection of bird temperature. Female broilers were implanted with a live broadcasting temperature monitor. Local microclimate temperature significantly affected the response to feed restriction. This demonstrates the need for uniform barn environments for the creation of uniform flocks. Live, constant temperature recording is a practical way to collect very accurate, individual response data in nutritional and environmental studies.

ZUIDHOF - Determining feed allocation for restricted broiler breeders can be very challenging. Feed must be gradually increased to meet target body weight gains without over- and under-compensating, which can lead to mixed messages to the birds’ metabolism. Environmental temperature can also affect feed allocation though altering energy requirements for basal metabolism. A study investigated the affects of fluctuating temperature on feed requirements for growth and maintenance. During the 4 to 18 week period, feed allocation should increase by 0.6g/day to generate a 10 g/day body weight gain when barn temperature is 21 C. For each 1 C increase in environmental temperature, feed allocation must decrease by 0.1 g to reach the 10 g/day body weight gain target, with the opposite true for temperature decreases.


Feed and Nutrition Phytase in broiler diets KORVER - The majority of phosphorus contained in plantbased feed ingredients is unavailable to chickens. This can lead to over supplementation of P using expensive mineral sources, and increase phosphorus pollution from poultry operations. A recent study found that a new feed phytase (enzyme to release bound phosphorus) increased feed intake, phosphorus digestibility and broiler growth.

Meat and Egg Products Eggs contain valuable proteins with potential heart health effects

Dietary affects on broiler breast meat properties

WU - Eggs contain valuable proteins and fragments of these proteins, called bioactive peptides, may have the potential to lower high blood pressure in humans. Research has shown that when the cooked eggs come in contact with stomach enzymes they are broken down into bioactive peptides that act the same way as ACE inhibitors blood pressure lowering drugs consumed by millions of high blood pressure sufferers around the world. The drugs lower blood pressure by preventing the formation of angiotensin II, a vasoconstrictor that contributes to high blood pressure in body. These valuable peptides may be used to develop a functional food for cardiovascular disease prevention and management.

BETTI - Feeding strategies designed to maximize growth and yield can affect the suitability of breast meat for further processed products. Pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) chicken breast meat is a growing problem in the industry. An experiment was conducted to study the effect of dietary protein and energy level on physical and functional properties of broiler breast meat. Results indicated that dietary energy and protein levels did not have a commercial impact on the breast meat physical and functional properties. However, the gender and slaughter age did impact the water holding capacity and pH of the meat. New methods to increase the value of poultry byproducts

Underutilized protein into high value products BETTI – Research is underway to investigate methods to recover and utilize proteins from mechanically separated poultry meat and spent hens. Proteins extracted and isolated from these sources can be used as a food ingredient in proteins include meat fillers, edible protein film (casing), biodegradable packaging, and coating agents. One of the advantages of using poultry proteins as functional ingredients for food applications is the lower predisposition to allergenic reactions in humans as compared to other sources of proteins such as soybeans, eggs or milk. This research offers the flexibility to use the extracted proteins in high-end products.

PIETRASIK and BETTI -Researchers have developed methods to increase the value of poultry processing byproducts. The extraction of valuable compounds found in bone, cartilage, skin, muscle and adipose tissues increases the economic value of this material. Studies to date have demonstrated two methods that can be used to extract chondroitin sulfate from mechanical deboning byproduct. Further studies are needed to develop low cost extraction methods. A practical gelatin extraction method has been developed that provides a high yield and purity of the final product. Further work is needed to improve the efficiency of the extraction method.

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Bio - Economic Modeling Broiler diets to maximize yield and carcass quality ZUIDHOF – The poultry industry is under increasing pressure to offer consumers healthier food at lower prices. Because quality traits in broiler meat are affected by nutrition, it is important to understand the costs and benefits of producing a leaner product. A trial using two different prestarters and 15 different diets varying in protein and energy levels was designed to evaluate broiler growth and processing yields. Results indicated that feeding a prestarter diet formulated for maximum growth and feed conversion rather than least cost was beneficial to the entire supply chain because growth and yield were improved for the lifetime of the broiler. Lean broiler meat production was achieved by feeding diets that were 7 to 15% higher in dietary balanced protein than the breeder recommended diets for maximum growth and feed conversion.

Understanding the Consumer Pricing strategies in the frozen chicken product market NILLSON -Researchers evaluated types of pricing strategies employed by processors/retailers to understand the degree of industry competitiveness and its implications for welfare of consumers and chicken producers. Data suggest that consumers are much more likely to switch among chicken products in response to price changes then they are to move completely away from chicken to other meats. By processors/retailers raises prices, demand for Canadian frozen chicken products are raised above what they might be in the absence of such behaviour. These price and quantity impacts affect farmer and consumer welfare, as reduced quantities available in the Canadian marketplace could affect producer quota allocations in the long term. Consumers’ understanding and willingness to pay for egg attributes GODDARD - Recent studies aimed to understand the consumer response to certification of credence attributes for eggs – free run and pasteurised eggs. Consumers seem to have a significant amount of faith in labels (without third party verification) and were willing to pay more for attributes such as animal welfare or free-

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run than for attributes directly affecting their health such as pasteurization. Consumer willingness to pay for a health attribute (food safety or enhanced health) was very low but increased significantly with certification provided by a credible organization, the government being the most credible. To encourage the uptake of health enhanced shell eggs beyond a niche market of highly health conscious/motivated individuals required objective certification of the credence attribute and may also require public awareness campaigns. Product attributes key drivers of value-added poultry retail prices ANDERS – Different value–added attributes of frozen and processed poultry product were found to have a significant impact on product prices at the retail level. Besides the price mark-up of renown brands, products with low processing, chicken breast and trendy flavours (e.g. teriyaki) fetched the highest retail prices over comparable generic frozen and processed poultry products. Retail sales data also indicate the importance of package and portion size in the consumer’s willingness to pay a price mark-up for value-added poultry. Ongoing


Organizational Overview Governance Don Copeland, Chair

Jake Kotowich

Donco Poultry Ltd., Ontario

Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development

Duane Olson, Vice Chair

Jo Ann Nanninga

Alberta Turkey Producers

Alberta Hatching Egg Producers

Steve Howe Starline Poultry

Darcy Fitzgerald

Reg Ference Foothills Poultry Farm , Lilyfer Poultry Farms (Black Diamond) Ltd.

Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund Ltd.

Ed Rodenburg

Deborah Whale

Lilydale

Ontario Livestock and Poultry Council (founding member)

Iwona Pawlina, Ex Officio

Doug Korver

The Poultry Research Centre - University of Alberta

Department of AFNS, University of Alberta

Frank Robinson, Ex Officio

Helen Anne Hudson

Department of AFNS - University of Alberta

Burnbrae Farms

Martin Zuidhof, Ex Officio, Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development

Operations Iwona Pawlina

Shannon Park

Executive Director Poultry Research Centre

Technology Adoption and Commercialization Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development

Doug Korver

Lyle Bouvier

Academic Leader University of Alberta

Poultry Research Centre Unit Manager University of Alberta

Valerie Carney Technology Transfer Specialist Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development

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Researchers Mirko Betti

Frank Robinson

Assistant Professor - Value Added Poultry Meat Graduate Students: 4 + 2 (co-supervisor) Technicians: 1 Summer Assistants/Undergraduate Students: 1

Professor - Poultry Production and Physiology; and Interim Vice-Provost and Dean of Students Graduate Students: 3 Technicians: 1 Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associates: 1 (Robinson/Renema) Summer/Undergraduate Students: 1

Gaylene Fasenko Associate Professor - Poultry Embryology and Chick Quality Graduate Students: 5 Technicians: 1 Summer Assistants/Undergraduate Students: 2

Bodo Steiner Assistant Professor - Economics of Value Chain Wendy Wismer

Ellen Goddard Professor - Co-operative Chair in Agricultural Marketing and Business Graduate Students: 1 Technicians/research assistants: 2

Associate Professor - Sensory and Consumer Scientist Graduate Students: 1 Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associates: 1 Summer/Undergraduate Students: 1

Jianping Wu Derek Haley Assistant Professor - Applied Animal Behaviour

Douglas Korver Associate Professor - Poultry Nutrition Graduate Students: 5 + 1 (co-supervisor) Technicians: 2 Summer Assistants/Undergraduate Students: 1

Lynn McMullen Professor - Food Microbiology Graduate Students: 4 + (co-supervisor) Technicians: 1

Assistant Professor - High Value Egg Utilization Graduate Students: 4 + 2 (co-supervisor) Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associates: 4 Technicians: 1 Summer/Undergraduate Students: 4

Martin Zuidhof Associate Professor – Poultry Science Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associates: 1 Technicians: 1 Summer Assistants/Undergraduate Students: 1

Tomas Nilsson Assistant Professor - Agribusiness, Industrial Organization and Member of the AVRI Council Graduate Students: 1 Undergraduate Students: 2 + 4 (co-supervisor)

Totals Graduate Students

35

Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associates

7

Robert Renema Assistant Professor - Value Added Poultry Science Graduate Students: 2+2 (co-supervisor) Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associates: 1 Summer Assistants/Undergraduate Students: 1

Technicians

11*

Summer Assistants/Undergraduate Students

10

*includes 6 technicians employed by researchers and 4 employed by the Poultry Unit

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Technical and Administrative Support Erin O’Dea Christopher

Chris Ouellette

Research Technician

Instrumentation Technician

Nigel Davidson

Laurie Heidebrecht

Animal Care Technician

Administrative Support

Yan Xu

Jordana Williams

Research Technician

Laboratory Research Technician

Felicity Dennis

Kerry Nadeau

Animal Care Technician

Research Technician

Giles Hinse

Shengwen Shen

Animal Care Technician

High Value Egg Technician

Shawn Rankin Animal Care Technician

Matt Oryschak Biosecurity Coordinator

Research Associates Fernando Hernandez (Dr. Zuidhof) Jennifer Saunders-Blades (Dr. Korver) Ali Pishnamazi (Dr. Renema) Dileep, A O (Dr. Betti)

Post Doctoral Fellows Lei Bo (Dr. Wu) Sun Jong You (Dr. Wu) Huang Wuyuan (Dr. Wu)

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Graduate Students Jacky Chan

Melissa Johnson

MSc program (Dr. Betti) Project: High pressure effects on chicken meat process.

MSc program (Dr. Korver) Project: The Effect of maternal antioxidants on innate immune function in broiler chicks.

Umesh Chand MSc program (Dr. Nilsson) Project: Consumer welfare, firm behaviour and supply management policies in the chicken industry.

Sen Li

Dulal Paul

Christine Lui

MSc program (Drs. Renema and Zuidhof) Project: Temperature and protein: energy ration linkages between breeder and broiler energetics, performance and carcass quality.

MSc program (Dr. McMullen) Project: Multiple-bacteriocin producing lactic acid bacteria.

Ana Ulmer Franco

PhD program (Dr. Fasenko) Project: (1) Breeder parent age effects on fertility, embryonic mortality, and broiler chick quality. (2) Effect of male age and semen storage length on sperm motility, semen protein composition, and fertility in broilers and turkey breeders.

PhD program (Dr. Fasenko) Project: Omphalitis and broiler chick quality: evaluating the morphology and microbiology of yolk sack.

Jacob Hamidu PhD program (Dr. Fasenko) Project: Factors affecting turkey embryonic metabolism, cell viability and gene expression.

Melissa Haveroen PhD program (Dr. McMullen) Project: Detection of bacteriocins in meats.

Linda Ho MSc program (Dr. McMullen) Project: Spoilage of meat by psychrotrophic Clostridium spp.

Simmon Hofstetter PhD Program (Dr. McMullen and Dr. G채nzle) Project: High pressure processing to improve the safety of processed meats.

Erica Holm MSc program (Dr. Robinson) Project: Optimizing broiler chicken carcass uniformity through maternal management and nutrition.

Yuliya Hrynets MSc program (Dr. Betti) Project: Recovery of muscle protein extracted from mechanically-separated poultry meat.

Mejo K.R. MSc program (Dr. Wu Project: Antioxidant peptides from egg.

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MSc program (Dr. Wu) Project: Reducing egg allergenicity by fermentation.

Margaret MacKenzie

Sandy Mael PhD program (Dr. Korver) Project: 25-OH vitamin D3 in poultry.

Kaustav Majumder MSc program (Dr. Wu) Project: QSAR-aided study of antihypertensive peptides from eggs.

Lorelei Martinez Miguel MSc program (Dr. Wismer) Project: Consumer product maps for poultry products: Established perceptions and new product opportunities.

Vida Moayedi MSc program (Dr. Betti) Project: Recovery of muscle protein extracted from broiler dark meat.

Sahar Navidghasemizad PhD program (Drs. Wu, Temelli) Project: Extraction of egg phospholipids from leftover egg yolk.

Emefa Monu PhD program (Dr. McMullen) Project: Multiple bacteriocins to improve safety of meat products.


Graduate Students (cont.) Sandeep Nain MSc program (Dr. Renema) Project: Optimization of laying hens for value-added egg production.

Abie Naeima MSc program (Dr. Robinson) Project: Linkages between reproductive fitness and growth potential in broilers.

Liyana Arachichilage Chamila Koushalya Nimalaratne MSc program (Dr. Wu) Project: Phytochemicals in egg.

Cibele Torres PhD program (Dr. Korver) Project: Effect of maternal trace mineral nutrition on bone development in broiler embryos and chicks.

Zahir Uddin MSc program (Dr. Fasenko) Project: course-based degree program

Mojtaba Yegani PhD program (Dr. Korver) Project: Factors affecting feedstuff quality for broiler chickens.

Tulia Ines Perez de la Ossa MSc program (Drs. Betti and Renema) Project: Stability of omega-3 enriched poultry products.

Yuan Ren MSc program (Drs. Wu, Renema) Project: Stability of omega-3 PUFAs in enriched eggs fortified with antioxidants following storage and cooking.

Josue Romano PhD program (Dr. Fasenko) Project: to be determined

Patrycja Romanowska MSc Program (Dr. Goddard) Project: Consumer demand for certification of production and credence attributes in food.

Melanie Rustad PhD program (Dr. Robinson) Project: Growth vs. reproductive fitness in female broiler parent stocks.

Brenda Schneider MSc program (Dr. Betti) Project: Supply chain approach to meat quality.

Sandeep Singla MSc program (Drs. Korver and Betti) Project: Factors affecting the occurrence of “black bone� discoloration in broiler chicken thigh meat.

Hayat Shah MAg program (Dr. Korver) Project: course-based degree program

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Research Funding: Project Listing 2008-09 Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Embryology and Chick Quality Examining the effects of the hole created during in ovo injection in turkey hatching eggs.

Fasenko, G.

Lilydale (in-kind)

1,287

Fasenko, G., Barreda, D., Guan, L.

AFC

84,342

PIC

15,946

UofA in-kind

45,000

SCIDF

7,376

Turkey producers, hatching egg producers, hatcheries

Project duration: 2008 Total project cost: $1,287 (in – kind) Funders: Lilydale Poultry embryonic metabolism, cell viability and gene expression: the influence of egg storage

Egg producers, hatching egg producers, hatcheries

Project duration: 2008 - 2010 Total project cost: $145,287 Funders: AFC, PIC, UofA

Chick quality: Links to chick score, maternal efficiency, and enrichment of the maternal diet. Project duration: 2007 - 2008 Total project cost: $15,376 Funders: SCIDF

Renema, R., Robinson, F.

Chicken producers, hatching egg producers


Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Embryology and Chick Quality (cont.) Omphatilitis and broiler chick quality: evaluating the morphology and microbiology of yolk sacs Project duration: 2008 - 2010 Total project cost: $199,415 Funders: ALIDF, AFC, ACP, SCIDF, NSERC, UofA, Hatch Tech, Oregon State University, Maple Leaf

Nutrient enrichment of broiler breeder diets to improve broiler chick quality and immune function

20,000 3,525 13,683 10,000 4,000 22,500 3,750

Korver, D.

AFC Archer Daniels Midland DSM Nutritional Products UofA (in-kind

16,133 50,000 40,000 37,500

All sectors

Renema, R., Zuidhof, M.

PIC

8,000

Hatching egg producers, chicken producers, processors

Project duration: 2009 - 2010 Total project cost: $287,267 Funders: AFC, Archer Daniels Midland, DSM Nutritional Products, UofA Altering broiler breeder composition to improve support of early chick quality and long-term maintenance of lay Project duration: 2008-2011 Total project cost: $242,591 Funders: ALIDF, PIC. ACP, Aviagen

Hatching egg producers, chicken producers, processors

ALIDF ACP AFC SCIDF NSERC UofA in-kind Hatch Tech in kind Oregon State University (in kind) Maple Leaf (in kind)

Fasenko, G., McMullen, L., Raivio, T. Cherian, G. (Oregon State University), Meijerhof, R. (Hatch Tech, the Netherlands)

3,750 251

17


18

Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Embryology and Chick Quality (cont.) Korver, D.

Effect of maternal organic trace minerals on embryonic bone development in broiler chicks

Novus International

37,240

Chicken producers Hatching egg producers, Processors, Breeders, Feed companies

Project duration: 2009 - 2010 Total project cost: $72,480 Funders: Novus International

Metabolism and Reproduction Temperature and protein:energy ration linkages between breeder and broiler energetics, performance, and carcass quality

Zuidhof, M. Renema, R.

ALIDF AFC ACP PIC Aviagen Aviagen (in-kind)

Fasenko, G., Kav, K., Dyck, M., Bakst, M. (Germplasm and Gamete Physiology Lab., ARS-USDA), Froman, D.P. (Oregon State University)

Ag Food Council ALIDF NSERC AFAC Hybrid Turkey (in kind) UOfA (in-kind) USDA (in-kind) Oregon State University (in kind )

Project duration: 2008 - 2010 Total project cost: $574,450 Funders: ALIDF,AFC,ACP, PIC,SCIDF, Aviagen, ARD, UofA, PRC

Effect of male age and semen storage length on sperm motility, semen protein composition, and fertility in broiler and turkey breeders Project duration: 2007 - 2009 Total project cost: $217,401 Funders: AFC, ALIDF, NSERC, AFAC, Hybrid Turkey, UofA, USDA, Oregon State University

60,000 Hatching egg producers, 60,000 breeders, feed companies 5,000 25,000 40,000 26,450

59,901 Chicken producers, hatching egg 45,000 producers, turkey producers, 11,000 primary breeders 16,090 11,516 45,000 7,500 7,500


Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Metabolism and reproduction Breeder parent age affects on fertility, embryonic mortality, and broiler chick quality (2006-2009) Project duration: 2006 - 2009 Total project cost: $127,228 Funders: ALIDF, AARI, ACP, PIC, UofA, U of Georgia, Oregon State University, N. Caroline State University

Determining linkages between optimized maternal growth and egg production efficiency with broiler offspring growth and yield traits

Fasenko, G., Froman, D.P. (Oregon State University), Wilson, J.L. (U of Georgia), Wineland, M.J. (North Carolina State University)

ALIDF AARI ACP PIC UofA (in - kind) U of Georgia (in kind) Oregon State University (in kind) N. Carolina University (in kind)

20,000 10,000 4,200 11,624 29,120 10,920

Chicken producers, hatching egg producers, breeders

Robinson, F., Renema, R., Zuidhof, M., Anthony, N.M. and Putman, C.T.

ACP BC HEP Aviagen NSERC AAFC

12,000 10,000 15,000 34,438 34,438

Broiler, hatching egg producers, hatchery, feed industry, processing and primary breeding

Helm, J, Zijlstra, R., Beltranena, E., Korver, D., McAllister, T., Oba, M.

ACIDF

45,258

Chicken producers, Egg producers, Hatching egg producers, Turkey producers, Feed companies

10,920 10,920

Project duration: 2005 - 2008 Total project cost: $197,602 Funders: ACP, BC Hatching Egg Producers, Aviagen, NSERC, AAFC Feed Grain Quality and Supply Project duration: 2006 - 2010 Total project cost: $235,230 Funders: ACIDF

19


20

Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Metabolism and reproduction (cont.) Optimizing broiler chicken carcass uniformity through maternal management and nutrition

Robinson, F., Renema, R., Zuidhof, M., Carney, V.

ALIDF AFC Aviagen

12,165 12,165 25,000

Broiler, hatching egg producers, hatchery, feed industry

Korver, D.

NSERC

29,000

Chicken producers, Turkey producers

Korver, D.

Syngenta Animal Nutrition

26,543

Chicken producers, Egg producers, Hatching egg producers, Turkey producers, Feed companies

Project duration: 2007 - 2009 Total project cost: $141,000 Funders: ALIDF, AFC, Aviagen

Protein metabolism during the acute phase inflammatory response in the domestic fowl Project duration: 2005 - 2010 Total project cost: $145,000 Funders: NSERC

Quantum Phytase Broiler Trial Project duration: 2008 Total project cost: $26,543 Funders: Syngenta Animal Nutrition


Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Meat and Egg Products and Processes Co-extraction of valuable egg white proteins through fractionation

Wu,J., Kav,N., Mazurek,V.

ALIDF AEP

73,640 23,000

Egg producers, egg processors

Wu, J., Temelli, F., Korver, D., Curtis, J

AARI/ALIDF

114,224

Egg producers, egg processors

Wu,J., Betti, M.

CPRC

20,000

Chicken producers, egg producers, hatching egg producers, processors

Wu, J.

NSERC

25,180

Egg producers, egg processors

Project duration: 2007 - 2009 Total project cost: $262,680 Funders: ALIDF, AEP

Integrated utilization of leftover egg yolk pellet after antibody extraction Project duration: 2008 - 2011 Total project cost: $337,922 Funders: ALIDF/AARI

Protein-based biomaterials from spent hens Project duration: 2009 - 2012 Total project cost: $60,000 Funders: CPRC

Antioxidant peptides from egg proteins Project duration: 2008 - 2012 Total project cost: $125,900 Funders: NSERC

21


22

Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Meat and Egg Products and Processes (cont.) QSAR –aided study of antihypertensive peptides from eggs

Wu, J., Davidge, S.

ALIDF

74,239

Egg producers, egg processors

Wu, J., Renema, R

CEMA Ag. Funding Consortium in 2010

24,587

Egg producers, egg processors

Wu, J., Betti, M. Renema, R.

CFI Alberta Advanced Education

120,000 120,000

Betti, M., Wismer, W., Zuidhof, M.

ALIDF ACP ATP

83,500 13,500 11,000

Project duration: 2008 - 2010 Total project cost: $147,564 Funders: ALIDF

Phytochemicals in eggs Project duration: 2009 - 2010 Total project cost: $147,090 Funders: CEMA, Ag Funding Consortium

Development of a comprehensive platform for value-added utilization of poultry products (infrastructure funds)

All sectors

Project duration: 2009 Total project cost: $300,000 Funders: CFI, AB Advanced Education, UofA New approach for increasing the profitability of mechanically separated poultry meat (MSPM) and dark meat in further processing Project duration: 2008 - 2010 Total project cost: $249,881 Funders: ALIDF, ACP, ATP

Chicken producers, turkey producers, processors


Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Meat and Egg Products and Processes (cont.) High pressure processing of chicken meat Project duration: 2008 - 2010 Total project cost: $135,000 Funders: ALIDF

Extraction of proteoglycans and gelatin from poultry by-products

Betti, M., Gaenzle, M., Zuidhof, M

ALIDF

65,890

Chicken and turkey producers, processors

Petrasik, Z. (ARD), Betti, M., Yau, J., Jantz, J., Anderwald, A. (ARD)

ALIDF

40,000

Chicken and turkey producers, processors

Renema, R., Zuidhof, M., Betti, M.

PIC

7,000

Chicken producers, processors

Renema, R., Wu, J., Carney, V., Zuidhof, M.

PIC

7,000

Egg processors, egg producers

Project duration: 2008 - 2009 Total project cost: $40,000 Funders: ALIDF

Improving Omega-3 PUFA Enrichment of Broiler Meat Using Modified Flax Project duration: 2009 - 2010 Total project cost: $19,000 Funders: Ag Funding Consortium, PIC

Oxidative Stability of Omega-3 PUFA Enriched Eggs Fortified with Antioxidants and Subjected to a Range of Cooking Conditions Project duration: 2008 - 2009 Total project cost: $15,000 Funders: Ag Funding Consortium, PIC

23


24

Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Meat and Egg Products and Processes (cont.) Value-added Poultry Science

Renema, R.

UofA/AFNS

25,000

All sectors

D. R. Korver , M. Betti, W. Wismer

ALIDF ACP DSM Nutritional Products DSM Nutritional Products (in - kind) UofA (in-kind)

58,101 12,500 12,500

Chicken producers, Turkey producers, Processors

McMullen, L.M.

NSERC

34,000

Poultry processors

Vederas, J.C., McMullen, L.M.

NSERC

164,000

Poultry processors

Project duration: 2007 - 2008 Total project cost: $50,000 Funders: UofA

Factors affecting the “black bone” discoloration in broiler chicken thigh meat Project duration: 2009 - 2010 Total project cost: $374,154 Funders: ALIDF, ACP, DSM Nutritional Products, UofA

Bacteriocins for food safety

5,600 95,000

Project duration: 2006-2011 Total project cost: $170,000 Funders: NSERC

Multiple bacteriocin producing lactic acid bacteria Project duration: 2007-2010 Total project cost: $492,000 Funders: NSERC


Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Meat and Egg Products and Processes (cont.) High pressure processing to improve the safety of processed meats

McMullen, L.M. G. G채nzle

ALIDF

101,775

Egg processors

Project duration: 3 years Total project cost: $329,475 Funders: ALIDF

Management and Physiology Immunotargeting with CD154 (CD40L) to improve avian influenza vaccine responses in chicken Project duration: 2008 Total project cost: $20,000 Funders: AFC, ACP, AEP, UofA Improving the effectiveness of laying hens for use in value-added egg production Project duration: 2008-2010 Total project cost: $136,000 Funders: PIC, AFC, AEP, ALIDF, Alltech Biotechnology Inc

Korver , D.R. Gutfreund, K. (U of A, Department of Medicine)

AFC ACP AEP UofA (in kind)

18,000 1000 1000 2000

Renema, R.

Alltech Biotechnology Inc

7,000

Chicken producers, egg producers, hatching egg producers, turkey producers, processors, breeders

Egg producers

25


26

Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Management and Physiology Use of dietary thyroxin as an alternative moulting procedure in turkey breeder hens.

Renema, R., Bedecarrats, G.

NSERC-CRD

Renema, R., Zuidhof, M., Betti, M., Carnery, V.

18,455

Turkey producers, hatching egg producers, turkey breeders

AFAC, PIC

10,000

Chicken producers, processors

ACP ALIDF

5,520 47,680

All sectors

Project duration: 2007-2008 Total project cost: $30,895 Funders: CTMA, CPRC Ante-mortem stressors affect broiler meat value Project duration: 2008 Total project cost: $20,000 Funders: AFAC, PIC

Bio-economics and Consumer Research Benefits to the poultry value chain participants of providing new producer incentives for improved quality: Beyond relative performance contracting Project duration: 2008 - 2009 Total project cost: $55,200 Funders: ACP, ALIDF

Steiner, B., Zuidhof, M., Schneider, B


Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Bio-economics and Consumer Research Risk perception and risk communication issues in Canada, a consumer perspective

Steiner, B., Anders, S.

AARI MITACS

40,250 15,000

Egg producers, chicken producers, turkey producers, processors

Nilsson, T., Goddard, E

AAFC-CMD

15,500

Producers, processors

Nilsson, T. , Peng

AAFC-CMD

25,000

Producers, processors

Nilsson, T., Goddard, E, Anders, S., Chase, D.

Ag Funding Consortium

7,130

Producers, processors

Project duration: 2008 - 2009 Total project cost: $45,250 Funders: AARI, MITACS

Food at home demand Project duration: 2008 Total project cost: $15,500 Funders: AAFC-CMD Consumer and omega 3 Project duration: 2008 Total project cost: $25,000 Funders: AFC-CMD

Food at home demand - Changing Perceptions of Meat Project duration: 2007 - 2010 Total project cost: $89,585 Funders: Ag Funding Consortium

27


28

Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Bio-economics and Consumer Research (cont.) Goddard, E., Adamowich, V., Nillson, T., Hobbs

AAFC

60,000

Producers, processors

Nilsson, T., Goddard, E

UofA-EFP

5,000

Producers, processors

Advertising and health Project duration: 2008-2009 Total project cost: $2,300 Funders: UofA – EFF

Nilsson, T., Goddard, E.

UofA-EFP

2,300

Producers, processors

Predicting successes and failures of value added meats

Goddrd, E.

AG Funding Consortium

23,575

Food quality claims and food assurance Project duration: 2008 Total project cost: $60,000 Funders: AAFC

Food-away from home - consumption and health Project duration: $5,000 Total project cost: UofA - EFF Funders: UofA

Project duration: 2006 - 2009 Total Project cost: $188,000 Funders: Ag Funding Consortium

Poultry meat producers and processors


Project Title

Primary Scientist and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Bio-economics and Consumer Research (cont.) Vitamin enhanced eggs – What drives consumption?

Goddard, E., Nilsson, T.

UofA/ALES

30,000

Egg producers, processors

Goddard , E., . Nilsson, T., Adamowicz, V., Hobbs., J.

AAFC

60,000

All sectors

Robinson, F.

ALIDF

150,000

All sectors

Carney, V., Researchers

Industry

20,050

Project duration: 2008 - 2009 Total Project cost: $30,000 Funders: ALES Food and Health Initiative

Analytical comparison of public and private standards in agricultural and agrifood markets Project duration: 2008 Total Project cost: $60,000 Funders: AAFC

Education and Learning There's a Heifer in Your Tank - connecting communities to enhance agricultural awareness Project duration: 2007 - 2010 Total project cost: $352,100 Funders: ALIDF Broiler Breeder School Project duration: 2008 Total project cost: $20,050 Funders: individual producers

Hatching egg producers

TOTAL Funding: $3,208,878 29


Funding PRC Base Funding, 2008-09 (Total: $4,044,030) University of Alberta, $2,468,750 , 61%

Alberta Gov., ALIDF, AARI, $1,385,750 , 34%

Alberta Industry Boards, $189,530 , 5%

PRC Industry Base Funding, 2008-09 (Total: $189,530)

Lilydale, $10,700 , 6%

Maple Leaf, $10,700 , 6%

Burnbrae Farms, $6,440 , 3% Sparks Eggs, $6,440 , 3%

Alberta Turkey Producers, $20,700 , 11%

Alberta Egg Producers, $26,450 , 14%

30

Alberta Chicken Producers, $66,700 , 35% Alberta Hatching Egg Producers, $41,400 , 22%


PRC Research Funding, 2008-09 (Total: $3,208,876) Alberta Industry Boards, $99,375, 3%

Other Prov. Govt., $32,376 , 1%

Govt. Canada, USA, $769,848 , 24%

CPRC (industry), $20,000 , 1% PIC (industry), $74,570 , 2% Industry - other, $416,319 , 13% Universities (Canada, USA), $382,430, 12%

Alberta Govt., $1,413,958 , 44%

Total research funding: $3,208,876 (100%) Alberta Government: $1,413,958 (44%) Government of Canada: $769,848 (24%) Industry: $610,264 (19%) Other: $414,806 (13%)

Research Funding Benefiting Commodity Groups, 2008-09 Feed Industry

$1,003,030

Processors Egg Producers

$2,216,129 $1,435,081 $1,611,469

Turkey Producers

$1,765,266

Chicken Producers Hatching Eggs Breeders

$1,731,200 $1,199,115

Total investment in research: $3,208,876 Total distribution of benefits: $10,938,149 ($3.4 for every $1 invested)

31


Facility Usage Research Facilities % Utilization by: Broiler/Turkey Trials

Facility/Unit

Breeder Trials

Layer Trials

Unit Operations

Overall % Utilization

56.7

64.1

Brooder House (48 floor pens)

7.4

Breeder Hen Cages (288 units)

43

43

Breeder Male Cages (60 units)

43

43

Vencomatic Colony Housing (2 units)

0

Nutrition House (32 pens)

35

11.5

Specht Pullet Cages (Pullet Trials)

45

4

Environmental Chambers

12

40

46 49

12

64

Test House - Floor Pens

75

75

Test House - Conventional Cages

87

87

Test House - Colony Cages

87

87

Broiler Processing Plant (3-day kills)

3

Hatchery

5

6 1 hatch

18 hatches

Non-Research Facilities Facility Lilydale Classroom

32

User Group

Utilization

Alberta Chicken Producers

1 days

Alberta Egg Producers

3 days

Alberta Turkey Producers

0 days

Alberta Hatching Egg Producers

0 days

Processors

10 days

Poultry Research Centre meetings/functions

67 days

University of Alberta and other

8 days

Industry-related workshops

10 days

Alberta Turkey Producers Students (undergraduate and graduate), technicians and Computer Lab researchers

25 man hours/d


Evidence of Productivity Refereed Papers in Scholarly Journals Betti, M., Schneider, B.L., Wismer, W., Zuidhof, M.J., Carney, V. and Renema, R. 2008. Omega-3 enriched broiler meat. Functional properties, oxidative stability and consumer acceptance. Poultry Science. In press. Bohaychuk, V.M., van Belkum, M.J., Stiles, N.E. and McMullen, L.M. 2008. Effect of low temperature on stability of θ-type plasmids in Carnobacterium maltaromaticum. FEMS Microbiol. Letters 280:1420. Chase, D., Nilsson, T., Emunu, J.O., McCann-Hiltz, D. and Peng, Y. Canadian Consumers Purchasing Behaviour of Omega-3 Products. Journal of Food Distribution Research (JFDR). In press. DeJonge, J., van Trijp, H., Goddard, E. and Frewer, L. 2008, “Consumer confidence in the safety of food in Canada and the Netherlands: the Validation of a generic framework”, Food Quality and Preference, Vol. 19: 439-451. Fasenko, G. M, and O’Dea, E.E. 2008. Evaluating broiler growth and mortality in chicks with minor navel conditions at hatching. Poultry Science 87:594597. Jendral, M. J., Korver, D.R., Church, J.S. and Feddes, J.J.R. 2008. Bone mineral density and breaking strength of White Leghorns housed in conventional, modified, and commercially available colony battery cages. Poultry Science 87:828-837. Majumder, K. and Wu, J. 2009. Angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitory peptides from mimic in vitro gastrointestinal digestion of cooked eggs. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. In press. Pishnamazi, A., Renema, R.A., Zuidhof, M.J., Robinson, R.E. 2008. Effect of Initial Full Feeding of Broiler Breeder Pullets on Carcass Development and Body Weight Uniformity. J. of Appl. Poult. Res. 17:505-514.

Renema, R. A., Sikur, V.R., Robinson, F.E., Korver, D.R. and Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. Effects of nutrient density and age at photostimulation on carcass traits and reproductive efficiency in fast- and slowfeathering turkey hens. Poultry Science 87:18971908. Romero, L. F., Zuidhof, M.J., Renema, R.A., Naeima, A. and Robinson, F.E. 2009. Effects of maternal energetic efficiency on egg traits, chick traits, broiler growth, yield, and meat quality. Poultry Science 88:236-245. Romero, L. F., Zuidhof, M.J., Robinson, F.E., Renema, R.A. and Naeima, A. 2008. Characterization of energetic efficiency in broiler breeder females during the production phase. Poultry Science 88:227-235. Romero, L. F., Renema, R.A., Naeima, A., Zuidhof, M.J. and Robinson, F.E. 2008. Effect of reducing body weight variability on the sexual maturation and reproductive performance of broiler breeder females. Poultry Science 88:445-452. Saunders-Blades,J. L., MacIsaac, J.L., Korver, D.R. and Anderson, D.M. 2009. The effect of calcium source and particle size on the production performance and bone quality of laying hens. Poultry Science 88: 338353. Sikur, V. R., Robinson, F.E., Korver, D.R., Renema, R.A. and Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. Effects of nutrient density and age at photostimulation on carcass traits and reproductive efficiency in fast- and slowfeathering turkey hens. Poultry Science 87:18971908. Silversides, F. G., Song, Y., Renema, R.A., Rathgeber, B.R. and Classen, H.L. 2008. Cryopreservation of Germplasm from Chickens Kept in Canadian Research Institutions. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 88:577-580.

33


Refereed Papers in Scholarly Journals (cont.) Wu, J. and Muir, A.D. 2008. Isoflavones content in soy ACE inhibitory peptides and its potential contribution to the antihypertensive activity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56(21): 98999904. Wu, J., Aluko R.E and Muir, A. D. 2008. Purification of angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory peptides from enzymatic hydrolysate of defatted canola meal. Food Chemistry 2008, 111 (4), 942-950.

Wu, J., Johnson, L.A. and Jung, S. 2009. Deemulsification of the oil-rich emulsion from enzymeassisted aqueous extraction of extruded soybean flakes. Bioresource Technology 100(2) 527-533. Yegani, M. and Korver, D.R. 2008. Factors affecting intestinal health in poultry. Poultry Science 87:20522063.

Wu, J. and Muir, D.A. 2008. Comparative structural, emulsifying and biological properties of two major canola proteins, cruciferin and napin. Journal of Food Science 73, C210-C216.

Conference Presentations (Abstracts) Gulde, V.A.L., Renema, R.A. and Bedecarrats, G.Y. 2008. Use of Dietary Thyroxin as an Alternate Molting Procedure in Turkey Breeder Hens. Poultry Science 87 (Suppl. 1):37-38. Hamidu, J. A. ,Fasenko, G.M., O’Dea, E.E. and Feddes, J.J.F. 2008. Influence of turkey genetic selection and parent flock age on embryonic metabolism. Poultry Science 87 (Suppl. 1): 33 (abstract). Haveroen, M.E., Bressler, D.C., Kav, N.N.V. and McMullen, L.M. 2008. Phage display for generation of bacteriocin-specific antibody fragments. 9th Symposium on Lactic Acid Bacteria: Genetics, metabolism and applications, Aug 31 to Sept 4, 2008. The Netherlands. Hernandez, F. I. L., Korver, D.R., Renema, R.A. and Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. Dietary protein and energy effects on broiler live performance to 42 days. Poultry Science 87 (Suppl. 1):144. Hernandez, F. I. L., Korver, D.R., Renema, R.A. and Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. Effects of Dietary Protein and Energy on Broiler Live Performance to 36 days. Poultry Science 87(Suppl. 1):68.

Johnson, M. L. and Korver, D.R. 2008. The effect of dietary supplementation on egg vitamin content. Poultry Science 87 (Suppl. 1):51. Kawalilak, L. T., Franco, A.M. and Fasenko, G.M. 2008. Impaired intestinal villi growth in broiler chicks with navel buttons. Poultry Science 87 (Suppl. 1): 17 (Abstr.). Kirschenman, R. D., Moehn, S. and Korver, D.R. 2008. Strain and immune status affect body protein metabolism and lysine requirements in broilers. Poultry Science 87 (Suppl. 1):8. Koeckhoven, S., Robinson, F.E., Lamont, A. and Penrice, D. 2008. Enhancing the student learning environment through daily participation of teaching assistants in the classroom. NACTA Journal. Korver, D. R., Fleming. R.H. and Heck, R.J. 2008. Agerelated changes in structural and medullary bone mineral density in laying hens. Electronic proceedings World’s Poultry Congress, Brisbane, Australia. July 3, 2008. MacKenzie, M.E., Fasenko, G.M., Christopher, E. E., Wilson, J.L., and Froman, D.P. 2008. Hens or roosters: which gender has a greater impact on fertility & broiler body weights as a flock ages. Poultry Science

34


Conference Presentations (cont.) Majumder, K. and Wu, J. 2008. Will consumption of eggs or egg products have benefits for hypertension management? Poster presented at the Poultry Science Association 97th Annual Meeting, Niagara Falls, Canada, July 20-23. (abstract).

Robinson, F. E., Penrice, D., Varnhagen, S. and Wuetherick, B. 2008. Pre-term, term and Post-term student perceptions of project based courses. NACTA Journal. 52:71.

Naeima, A., Zuidhof, M.J., Romero, L.M., Renema, R.A. and Robinson, F.E. 2008. Effect of maternal feed management and maternal efficiency on chick quality, residual yolk utilization, and early growth of broiler chicks. Poultry Science 87(Suppl. 1):45.

Romero, L. F., Robinson, F.E., Naeima, A., Renem a,R.A. and Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. Characterization of energetic efficiency in broiler breeder females during the production phase in relation to feed intake. XXIII World’s Poultry Congress. World’s Poultry Science J. 64(Supp. 2):467.

Perez, T. I., Betti, M., Zuidhof, M.J., Schneider, B.L., Renema, R.A., Carney, V.L. and Korver, D.R. 2008. Omega-3 Enrichment of Chicken Meat Using Ground Flaxseed: Effect of Level and Duration on Fatty acids Composition of Trycyglycerols and Phospholipids. Poultry Science 87(Suppl. 1):134.

Romero, L. F., Robinson, F.E., Naeima, A., Renema, R.A. and Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. Effects of broiler breeder feed allocation on broiler chick quality, yolk sac utilization and early growth rate. XXIII World’s Poultry Congress. World’s Poultry Science J. 64 (Supp. 2):385.

Perez, T. I., Betti, M., Zuidhof, M.J., Renema, R.A. and Ren, Y. 2008. Fatty acids stability in enriched broiler meat during cooking. Poultry Science 87 (Suppl. 1):126.

Romero, L. F., Zuidhof, M.J., Robinson, F.E., Naeima, A. and Renema, R.A. 2008. Evaluation of an empirical nonlinear model to estimate feed intake in broiler breeders. Poultry Science 87(Suppl. 1):168.

Pishnamazi, A., Renema, R.A., Robinson, F.E. and Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. Varying dietary protein level during rearing affects broiler breeder pullet growth and development. Poultry Science 87(Suppl. 1):63.

Saunders-Blades, J. L. and Korver, D.R. 2008. Effect of maternal and dietary 25-OH vitamin D3 on broiler production and immunity. (electronic proceedings). World’s Poultry Congress, Brisbane, Australia. July 4, 2008.

Ren, Y., Wu, J., Renema, R.A., Betti, M. and Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. Stability of omega-3 PUFAs in enriched eggs fortified with antioxidants following storage and cooking. Poultry Science 87(Suppl. 1):127. Renema, R. A., Robinson, F.E. and Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. Management and Feeding of Broiler Breeders. XXIII World’s Poultry Congress. World’s Poultry Science J. 64(Supp. 2):161. Renema, R. A., Zuidhof, M.J. Peters, D.S., Berezowski. J. and Ouellette, C. 2008. Effect of feed restriction on core body temperature dynamics of broilers. Poultry Science 87(Suppl. 1):76. Robinson, F. E., Penrice, D., Lamont, A. and Koeckhoven, S. 2008. Communicating to the consumer through a student writing project in an introductory animal science class. NACTA Journal 52: 97.

Schneider, B. L., Zuidhof, M.J., Carney, V.L., Betti, M. and Renema, R.A. 2008. Effect of protein and energy levels on broiler breast morphology. XXIII World’s Poultry Congress. World’s Poultry Science J. 64 (Supp. 2):302. Schneider, B. L., Renema, R.A, Betti, M., Zuidhof, M.J. and Carney, V.L. 2008. Effect of Ante-Mortem Holding Temperature and Shackling Time on Broiler Meat Quality. XXIII World’s Poultry Congress. World’s Poultry Science J. 64(Supp. 2):328. Wu, J. 2008. Extraction and characterization of ovomucin from egg whites. Oral presented at the 14th World Congress of Food Science and Technology, Shanghai, China, Oct. 19-23. (abstract ). Wu, J. and AO, Dileep. 2008. Extraction of ovomucin from egg whites. Oral presented at 99th AOCS Annual Meeting, Seattle, USA, May 18-21. (abstract ).

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Conference Presentations (cont.) Zuidhof, M. J., Korver, D.R., Renema, R.A., Schneider, B.L., Betti, M. and Hernandez, F.I.L. 2008. Modeling nutritional impacts on yield dynamics of broilers to improve lean yield. XXIII World’s Poultry Congress. World’s Poultry Science J. 64(Supp. 2):272. Zuidhof, M. J., Hernandez, F.I.L., Renema, R.A., Schneider, B.L. and Korver, D.R. 2008. Formulation of broiler diets to maximize carcass yield and quality. Proceedings of the 29th Western Nutrition Conference. Edmonton, AB. September 23-24, 2008. Zuidhof, M. J., Renema, R.A. and Robinson, F.E. 2008. Teenage chicks: How to manage puberty in broiler breeders. Invited presentation to Association Québécoise des industries de nutrition animale et céréalière (AQINAC), Nov. 18, 2008. Zuidhof, M. J., Renema, R.A., Peters, D.S., Berezowski, J., Hernandez, F.I.L. and Annett, C. 2008. Effect of protein and energy levels on core body temperature dynamics and response to heat stress in broilers. Poultry Science 87(Suppl. 1):67. Zuidhof, M. J., Renema, R.A, Robinson, F.E., Holm, E. and Pishnamazi, A. 2008. Pullet uniformity improves chick production. Invited presentation to Association Québécoise des industries de nutrition animale et céréalière (AQINAC), Nov. 18, 2008.

Scientific and Industry Presentations (with or without Proceedings) Dai, Y. and Goddard, E. 2008. Firm Behavior in Canadian Meat Industry: Trade and Pricing Competition. Presented at the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society Annual Meeting, Quebec City, July, 2008. Fasenko, G. M. 2008. Alberta Chicken Producers Research Symposium. Capri Centre Red Deer, AB, February 25, 2008. Fasenko, G. M. 2008. Conducting research aimed to improve embryo and hatchling survival – Are we there yet? Poultry Industry Council Research Meeting. November 10, 2008. Kitchener, ON.

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Fasenko, G. M. 2008. Who’s your daddy, and other questions the hatching egg industry needs answers to. Poultry Industry Council Industry Meeting. November 10, 2008. Kitchener, ON. Fernando, J., Goddard, E. and Nilsson, T. Trans-Fatty Acids (TFA) Regulation and Restaurant Response. 25 pages. The REGSA 2nd annual graduate student conference, January 2009. Fernando, J., Goddard, E. and Nilsson, T. 2008. Structural Change in the Demand for Food Away From Home: Case of Trans Fatty Acids(TFAs) in Restaurant Foods. Poster presentation at the CDPAC Third National Conference. Ottawa ON.


Scientific and Industry Presentations (cont.) Fernando, J., Goddard, E. and Nilsson, T. Consumer Demand for Food Away From Home in Canada: Case of Trans Fats and Implications for Health Policy”, poster presented at Chronic Disease Prevention Alliance of Canada CDPAC Third Annual Conference, Ottawa, Nov 24-26, 2008. Fernando, J., Nilsson, T. and Goddard, E. Structural Change in Food Away From Home (FAFH) in Canada: Case of Trans Fatty Acids (TFAs) in Restaurant Foods”, Presented at the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society Annual Meeting, Quebec City, July, 2008. Franco, A. M., Kawalilak, L.T. and Fasenko, G.M. Impaired intestinal villi growth in broiler chicks with navel buttons. Prairie Poultry Meeting, May 7 & 8, 2008, Winnipeg, MB. Goddard E. Expert Panelist. The emerging role of agriculture and agri-food in Canada and the world – consumer perspective Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s Leadership Conference ‘Growing Forward Executives as Drivers of Change’, Ottawa, April 15, 2008. Goddard, E. Consumer and Market Demand Network Research, Agricultural Policy Research Network Annual Workshop, Aylmer, Quebec, January 24, 2008. Goddard, E. Food Markets and Consumer Trends? Step It Up Conference, Alberta Farmer’s Market Association, Alberta Farm Fresh Producers Association Annual Meeting, Red Deer, February 6, 2008. Goddard, E., Adamowicz, V., Nilsson, T. and Romanowska, P. What do Consumers Want to Pay for Certification of Credence Attributes – the Case of Eggs in Canada?-accepted for presentation at the NEC-63 annual Conference, California, February and submitted to the Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, 2009.

Hamidu, J. A. 2008. Cell death in chicken embryos. Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting, May 26th 2008. University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta. Huang, W. and Goddard, E. 2008. Pricing Games in the Canadian Meat Processing Industry under Market Mergers. Presented at the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society Annual Meeting, Quebec City, July, 2008. Huang, W., Goddard, E., Cash, S. and Nilsson, T. Meat Product Development by Canadian Meat Processors: Reaction to Social Marketing and Implication for Health. Invited oral presentation at the CDPAC Third National Conference. Ottawa ON, 2008. Jeewani, F., Goddard, E. and Nilsson, T. Structural Change in Food Away From Home (FAFH) in Canada: Case of Trans Fatty Acids (TFAs) in Restaurant Foods. Presented at the Joint Annual Meeting of the CAES and NAREA. Quebec City, QC, 2008. Korver, D. R. 2008. HyD in Poultry Diets – Immunity, Performance and Bone Health. DSM Nutritional Products Satellite Meeting, Brisbane, Australia. June 30, 2008. Korver, D. R., Fleming, R.H and Heck, R.J. 2008. The Rise and Fall of Bone Minerals in Laying Hens. Western Nutrition Conference. Edmonton, AB. September 24, 2008. Korver, D. R. 2008. Nutrient Availability and Variability of Poultry Diet Ingredients. Poultry Research Centre “New Directions in Feeding Poultry” seminar, Olds, AB. November 25, 2008. Korver, D. R. 2008. Nutrient Availability and Variability of Poultry Diet Ingredients. Poultry Research Centre “New Directions in Feeding Poultry” seminar. Edmonton, AB. January 16, 2009.

Hailu, G. and Goddard, E. The Effects of Consumers’ Food Safety and Health Concerns on the Demand for Meat and Fish. Presented at the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society Annual Meeting, Quebec City, July, 2008.

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Scientific and Industry Presentations (cont.) MacKenzie, M.E. and Fasenko, G.M. 2008. Semen Quality in Roosters & Toms. Presented at Hybrid Turkey in Kitchener, ON, May 24, 2008. MacKenzie, M.E., Fasenko, G.M and Christopher, E. E. 2008. Battle of the sexes: Who has the greater impact on offspring? Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting. Edmonton, AB, May 26, 2008. MacKenzie, M.E., Fasenko, G.M. and E.E. Christopher. 2008. Objective measures of sperm quality and how they relate to fertility. Prairie Poultry Meeting. University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB. May 8, 2008. (Technical presentation). MacKenzie, M.E., Fasenko, G.M., Christopher, E. E., Wilson, J.L. and D.P. Froman. 2008. Hens or roosters: which gender has a greater impact on fertility & broiler body weights as a flock ages. Prairie Poultry Meeting. University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB. May 7, 2008. Majumder, K. and Wu, J. 2008. Will Consumptions of Eggs or Egg Products Have Benefits for Hypertension Management? Alberta Egg Producers Board meeting, July 29th, 2008. McMullen, L.M. 2008. Marketing Food Safely. Step It Up Conference. February 6, 2008. Leduc AB. Myae, Aye Chan. 2008. Estimation of brand level demand system and market power – Lilydale Case Study - poster presentation. Nilsson, T. and Goddard, E. 2008. Risk Preferences and Attitudes: The Case of Meat Consumption in Canada. Presented at the Joint Annual Meeting of the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society (CAES) and the Northeast Agricultural and Resource Economics Association (NAREA). Quebec City, QC. Ren, Y., Perez, T. I., Wu, J., Renema, R. A., Betti, M. and Zuidhof, M. J. Stability of Omega-3 PUFAs in enriched Eggs Fortified with Antioxidants Following Storage and Cooking. Alberta Egg Producers Board meeting, July 29th, 2008.

Renema R. A., Zuidhof, M.J., Carney, V.L. , Korver, D.R. and Betti, M. 2008. Enrichment of Chicken Meat Using Ground Flaxseed: Effect of Level and Duration. 23rd World Poultry Congress, Brisbane, Australia, 30 June – 4 July. Renema, R. A. 2008. Strategies to Improve Stability of Omega-3 Enriched Products. AB Chicken Producers Research Symposium: Growing Quality. Today and in the Future. Red Deer, March 25. 2 pp. Renema, R. A. 2008. Using Dietary Antioxidants to Improve Egg Quality and Production Parameters in Laying Hens. Proceedings of the Poultry Industry Council Research Day: Nutritional Considerations for Optimal Poultry Production. Guelph, ON. 7 pp. Renema, R. A. November 2008. Feeding Today’s Broiler Breeder for Tomorrow’s Broiler. Poultry Research Centre “New Directions in Feeding Poultry” seminar. Edmonton, AB. January 16, 2009. Renema, R. A., Robinson, F.E., Zuidhof, M.J. and Copeland, M. 2008. Identification of Early Indicators of Metabolic and Reproductive Dysfunction from Over-Feeding Female Broiler Breeders. Poultry Industry Council Research Day: Nutritional Considerations for Optimal Poultry Production. Guelph, ON. May 15, 2008. 9 pp. Renema, R. A., Zuidhof, M.J., Robinson, F.E., Romero, L. F. and Naeima, A. 2008. Reaping what you Sow: Linking Broiler Breeder Nutrition to Egg Production and Offspring Traits. Proceedings of the 33rd Poultry Service Industry Workshop, Banff, AB. 13 pp. Riczu, C. M., Nadeau, K.L. and Korver, D.R. 2008. Effect of Midnight Feeding on Bone Density and Egg Quality of Brown and White Table Egg Layers. Poultry Industry Council Research Day. May 15, 2008. Guelph, ON. Robinson, F. E. How Does Egg Production Work? Invited Oral Presentation. Aviagen-University of Alberta Broiler Breeder Workshop. Edmonton, Alberta. August 21, 2008. Robinson, F.E. Are you Smarter than a White Leghorn? Presentation to IB student workshop. University of Alberta, February 20, 2008.

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Scientific and Industry Presentations (cont.) Robinson, F.E. Developing Problem-Based Learning Experiences. Invited Pre-conference Presentation). Agro-Knowledge Conference, Cedar Rapids IA. May 28, 2008. Robinson, F.E. Engaging the Public in Dialogue: There’s a Heifer in Your Tank: Banquet Speaker for Alberta Beef Workshop, Calgary AB. February 3, 2008. Robinson, F.E. Experiences in Engaging Freshman Students in "Content" by Focusing on "Context" Invited presentation. Alberta Biology Instructors Association Meeting – University of Alberta. May 13, 2008. Robinson, F.E. Feed allocation to the broiler breeder hen. Presentation to Arbor Acres Breeder School. Huntsville Alabama. June 9, 2008. Robinson, F.E. Female Broiler Breeder Reproductive Anatomy. Invited hands-on demonstration, AviagenUniversity of Alberta Broiler Breeder Workshop. Edmonton, Alberta. August 21, 2008. Robinson, F.E. Female Broiler Breeder Reproductive Anatomy. Presentation to Arbor Acres Breeder School. Huntsville Alabama. June 9, 2008. Robinson, F.E. Heritage Turkeys: 30 minute radio interview: The Rutherford Show, 630 CHED, December 23, 2008. Robinson, F.E. Leadership and You – Banquet Speaker - Alberta Senior 4-H Conference. February 2, 2008. Robinson, F.E. Photostimulation of the broiler breeder hen. Presentation to Arbor Acres Breeder School. Huntsville Alabama. June 9, 2008. Robinson, F.E. Strain differences in response to feed allocation and photoperiod. Presentation to Arbor Acres Breeder School. Huntsville Alabama. June 9, 2008. Robinson, F.E. There’s a Heifer in Your Tank – Poster Presentation. University of Alberta Festival of Teaching. January 24, 2008.

Robinson, F.E. There’s a Heifer in Your Tank: Learning When You Least Expect it Through Problem Based Learning. Invited Conference Keynote Presentation (1.5 hour). Agro-Knowledge Conference, Cedar Rapids IA. May 29, 2008. Robinson, F.E. There’s a Heifer in your Tank: Thorhild Edition. 1 hour Luncheon Presentation to the Alberta Rural Women’s Conference, March 29, 2008. Romanowska, P., Goddard, E., Adamowicz, V. and Nilsson, T. WTP for Eggs in Canada. Paper to be presented at the joint meeting of NEC-63/FAMPS. San Diego, CA. February 2009. Full paper accepted for review in the special issue of Agricultural and Resource Economics Review (ARER), to be published in 2009. Romero, L. F., Robinson, F.E., Naeima, A., Renema, R.A. and Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. Characterization of energetic efficiency in broiler breeder females during the production phase in relation to feed intake. Proceedings of the XXIII World’s Poultry Congress. Brisbane, Australia, 2 pp. Romero, L. F., Robinson, F.E, Naeima, A., Renema, R.A. and Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. Effects of broiler breeder feed allocation on broiler chick quality, yolk sac utilization and early growth rate. Proceedings of the XXIII World’s Poultry Congress. Brisbane, Australia. 3 pp. Saunders-Blades, J.L., Kirschenman, R.D., Johnson, M.L. and Korver, D. R. 2008. Nutritional Influences on Development of Early Innate Immunity. Informal Nutrition Conference held in conjunction with the 2008 Poultry Science Association Annual Meeting. July 20, 2008. Niagara Falls, ON. Saunders-Blades, J. L. and Korver, D.R. 2008. Effect of maternal and dietary 25-OH vitamin D3 on broiler production and immunity. World’s Poultry Congress, Brisbane, Australia. July 4, 2008. Schneider, B. L., Betti, M., Zuidhof, M.J., Carney, V.L. and Renema, R.A. 2008. Effect of protein and energy levels on broiler breast morphology. 23rd World Poultry Congress, Brisbane, Australia, 30 June – 4 July. Electronic publication. 3 pp.

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Scientific and Industry Presentations (cont.) Schneider, B.L., Renema, R.A., Betti, M., Zuidhof, M.J. and Carney, V.L. 2008. Effect of ante-mortem holding temperature and shackling time on broiler meat quality. 23rd World Poultry Congress, Brisbane, Australia, 30 June – 4 July. Electronic publication. 3 pp. Ubilava, D., Foster, K., Lusk, J. and Nilsson, T. 2008. Effects of Income and Social Awareness on Heterogeneous Consumers’ WTP for Informational Attributes. Selected Paper presented at the Annual Meeting Western Agricultural and Resource Economics Association. Big Sky MT. Wu, J. 2008. How to respond to the emerging needs of the egg industry? Alberta Egg Producers Board meeting, July 29th, 2008. Wu, J. 2008. Improving bioavailability and palatability of bioactive peptides. Alberta Nanotech Showcase. November 20-21, 2008. Wu, J. 2008. Searching the most potent antihypertensive peptides from egg proteins through a bioinformatics approach. 2008 Midwest Poultry Federation (MPF) Convention, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA, March 18-20. Wu, J. 2008. What left after antibody extraction? Alberta Co-op annual meeting, March 12, 2008. Yegani, M. and D.R. Korver. 2008. Nutrient availability and variability of corn in poultry diets. Western Nutrition Conference student poster competition. Edmonton, AB. September 23, 2008. Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. Bioeconomic Modeling: Optimizing Tough Decisions. Poultry Research Centre Annual Meeting. Edmonton, AB. May 26, 2008. Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. You are what your chickens eat. Poultry Industry Council Research Day: Nutritional Considerations for Optimal Poultry Production. May 15, 2008. Guelph, ON. Zuidhof, M.J. 2009. Decreasing chick size variability. Invited oral presentation, Atlantic Poultry Conference, Greenwich, NS. February 18-20, 2009.

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Zuidhof, M.J. 2009. Filling the poultry human resource gap. Invited oral presentation, Atlantic Poultry Conference, Greenwich, NS. February 18-20, 2009. Zuidhof, M.J., Hernandez, F.I.L, Renema, R.A., Schneider, B.L. and Korver, D.R. 2008. Formulation of broiler diets to maximize carcass yield and quality. Proceedings of the 29th Western Nutrition Conference. Edmonton, AB. 11 pp. Zuidhof, M.J., Korver, D.R., Renema, R.A., Schneider, B.L., Betti, M. and Hernandez, F.I.L. 2008. Modeling nutritional impacts on yield dynamics of broilers to improve lean yield. Proceedings of the XXIII World’s Poultry Congress. Brisbane, Australia, 4pp. Zuidhof, M.J., Hernandez, F.I.L., Schneider, B.L., Carney, V.L., Renema, R.A., Betti, M., Wismer, W. and Korver, D.R. 2008. Optimizing Production of Omega-3 Enriched Broiler Meat. Poster presentation: Poultry Innovations Conference, Kitchener, ON, November 11-12, 2008. Zuidhof, M.J., Hernandez, F.I.L, Schneider, B.L., Carney, V.L., Renema, R.A., Betti, M., Wismer, W. and Korver, D.R. 2008. Optimizing Production of Omega-3 Enriched Broiler Meat. Poster presentation: Agriculture Research Division Conference. Lethbridge, AB. June 23-25, 2008. Zuidhof, M.J., Renema, R.A. and Robinson, F.E., Holm, D and Pishnamazi, A. 2008. Pullet Uniformity Improves Chick Production. Colloque Avicole of the Association Quebecoise des industries en nutrition animale et céréalière (AQUINAC). Drummondville, Quebec. 3 pp. Zuidhof, M.J., Renema, R.A. and Robinson, F.E. 2008. Teenage Chicks: How to Manage Puberty in Broiler Breeders. Colloque Avicole of the Association Quebecoise des industries en nutrition animale et céréalière (AQUINAC). Drummondville, Quebec. 4 pp. Zuidhof, M.J., Renema, R.A. and Robinson, F.E. 2008. Understanding multiple, repeated animal measurements with the help of PROC GPLOT. Proceedings of the2008 SAS Global Forum. San Antonio, TX, Paper 250-2008. 6 pp.


Books and Book Chapters Goddard, E. and G. Hailu. 2009. “Sustainable Growth and Capital Constraints: The Demutualization of Lilydale Foods Co-operative”, chapter in book entitled Agricultural Co-operatives , Failures and Conversions, edited by Centre for the Study of Cooperatives, University of Saskatchewan. Ren, Y, J. Wu, and R. Renema. 2009. ‘Nutritional and Health Attributes of Eggs’ in: Handbook of Poultry Science and Technology: Volume 1: Primary Processing. I. Guerrero-Legarreta and Y. H. Hui eds. In press.

Wu, J. and Majumder, K. 2008. Bioactive proteins and peptides from eggs. Mine, Y., Li-Chan, E.C.Y., and Jiang, B. Biological Active Proteins and Peptides in Foods. Blackwell-Wiley Publishing, New York. In press. Yuan, R. Wu, J. and Renema, R. 2008. Nutritional and health benefits of eggs. In Guerrero-Legarreta, I., Mine, Y., and Hui, Y.H. (eds). Handbook of Poultry Science and Technology: Volume 1: Primary Processing. Blackwell-Wiley Publishing, New York. In press.

Technical Publications and Industry Reports Industry Reports Betti, M., Schneider, B.L., Zuidhof, M.J., Korver, D.R., Carney, V.L. and Renema, R.A. P.I.C. Project #253. Effect of broiler plane of nutrition on meat quality. November 2008. 58 pp. Cook, N. J., Feddes, J., Korver, D.R., Haley, D.B. and Church, J.S. Welfare Considerations in Determining the Group Size of Laying Hens Housed in Furnished Cages. Final Report to the Alberta Industry Development fund, Alberta Egg Producers and Alberta Farm Animal Care (ALIDF Project # 2005F048R). Cook, N.J., Renema, R.A., Wilkinson, C., Schaefer, A.L. and Church, J.S. Poultry Industry Council Final Project Report. Non-invasive Tests of Stress in Laying Hens: An Assessment of Corticosterone and Corticoid Metabolite Measurements in the Eggs and Excreta of Laying Hens. 2008. 58 pp. Korver, D.R. Effect of pre-lay medullary bone reserves on changes in bone mineral reserves, egg production and quality, and osteoporosis in laying hens. Progress report to the Alberta Livestock Industry Development. Project 2006F141R. Korver, D.R. 2008. Syngenta Project 742 - Quantum Phytase Broiler Trial. Final report to Syngenta Animal Nutrition.

MacKenzie, M.E., Fasenko, G.M. and E. Christopher. 2008. Breeder parent age effects on fertility, embryonic mortality and broiler chick quality. Final Report submitted to the Poultry Industry Council. October 30, 2008. Perez, T.I. , Ren, Y., Zuidhof, M.J., Betti, M., Wu, J. and Renema, R.A. 2008. Stability of omega-3 enriched poultry products. Canadian Food Safety Initiative (CFI). 40 pp. Peters, D. ,Berezowski, J., Annett, C., King, R., Renema, R.A., Zuidhof, M.J., Sayler, N., Turner, S., Ouellette, C., Singh, N., Checkley, Amand, J.St. and Wenger, I. Canadian Food Safety and Quality Program: Food Safety Initiative, Project 43887. Poultry – Body Temperature Surveillance. April 2008. 25 pp. Ren, Y., Wu, J., Renema, R.A., Zuidhof, M.J., Betti, M. and Perez, T.I. 2008. Stability of enriched poultry products. Final report to Food Safety Initiative of Canadian Food Safety and Quality Program, submitted on April 8, 2008. 46 pp. Renema, R.A., Pishnamazi, A. and Robinson, F.E. P.I.C. Project #120. Consequences of Variation in Nutrient Allocation at Lighting on Point-of-Lay Condition in Conventional and High-Yield Broiler Breeder Females. Aug 2008. 92 pp.

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Industry Reports (cont.) Renema, R.A., Pishnamazi, A., and Robinson, F.E. P.I.C. Project #160. Effects of Selenium Source and Vitamin E Level on the Immune Response, Gut Physiology, Egg Production and Quality, and Reproductive Physiology of Commercial Laying Hens June 2008. Renema, R.A., Pishnamazi, A. and Robinson, F.E. Alltech Inc., Final Biosciences Project Report. Effects of Selenium Source and Vitamin E Level on the Immune Response, Egg Production and Quality, and Reproductive Physiology of Commercial Laying Hens 2008. 30 pp. Renema, R.A., Pishnamazi, A., Wolanski, N.J., Robinson, F.E. and Zuidhof, M.J. AARI Project Report # 2002A162R and Canadian Poultry Research Council (CPRC) #UAB005. The Timing of Protein Intake and Growth Patterns on Reproductive Efficiency in Broiler Breeder Females. 2008. 133 pp. Renema, R.A., Pishnamazi, A., Franco, D., and Robinson, F.E. P.I.C. Project #178. Reducing the Role of Oxidative Stress in the Age-Related Decline in Reproductive Hormone Status and Calcium Absorption in Commercial Laying Hens. June 2008. 20 pp. Renema, R.A., Holm, D.E., Cook, N. and Robinson, F.E. P.I.C. Project #233. Relationship of Female Feather Coverage and Reproductive Condition with Male Mating Aggression and Social Behaviour in Broiler Breeders Oct 2008. 39 pp.

Renema, R.A., Robinson, F.E., Wolanski, N.J., Holm, D.E. and Herron, A.N. P.I.C. Project #173.The Impact of Growth Pattern on Reproductive Efficiency in Male Broiler Breeders. June 2008. 93 pp. Robinson, F.E., Zuidhof, M.J., Renema, R.A. and Copeland, M. P.I.C. Project #157. Identification of Early Indicators of Metabolic and Reproductive Dysfunction from Over-Feeding Female Broiler Breeders. June 2008. 134 pp. Robinson, F.E., Renema, R.A. and Zuidhof., M.J. P.I.C. Project #142. Reproductive Efficiency and Metabolism of Female Broiler Breeders as Affected by Genotype, Feed Allocation and Photostimulation Age. June 2008. 240 pp. Saunders-Blades, J. L and Korver, D.R. The effect of maternal and dietary 25-OH D3 on the innate and cellular immune response of the broiler chicken. Progress report to the Alberta Livestock Industry Development. Project 2006F157R. Zuidhof, M.J., Renema, R.A., Wu, J., Betti, M., Ren, Y. and Perez, T.I. Final Report for the Canadian Food Safety and Quality Program: Food Safety Initiative. Stability of enriched poultry products April 2008. 45 pp.

Research into Practice Trade Publications / Magazine Articles Goddard, E. Buying Habits of Egg Consumers Tell a little About What They Care About and Where They Live. Pages 35-36. Winter 2008. Renema, R. A. Relationship of Female Feather Coverage and Reproductive Condition with Male Mating Aggression and Social Behaviour in Broiler Breeders. Poultry Industry Council Research Feature. Canadian Poultry, 95(12).

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Robinson, F. E., Renema, R.A. and .Zuidhof, M.J. 2008. The Pullet To Hen Transition. Canadian Poultry 95(2):16-21. Available from http://www.canadianpoultrymag.com Robinson, F. E., Renema, R.A. and Zuidhof, M.J. February 2008. The Pullet to Hen Transition. Canadian Poultry, 95(2):16-21.


Trade Publications / Magazine Articles (cont.) Romero, L. F. Counting Your Chicks Is Not Always Measuring Your Success Canadian Poultry. http://canadianpoultrymag.com

Yegani. M. and Korver, D.R. 2008. Anticuerpos de yema: ¿una alternativa a los antibióticos? Avicultura Profesional vol 26 (no. 3):18-22.

Romero, L.F., Renema, R.A., Zuidhof, M.J. and Robinson, F.E. 2008. Breeder Production: Measuring Success. It’s Not Just About Counting Chicks. Canadian Poultry 95(10):10-13. Available from http://www.canadianpoultrymag.com

Zuidhof , M.J. Designing Value-Added Products. Using Nutritional Strategies, Poultry Meat And Eggs Can Offer Consumers Added Health Benefits, Increasing Economic Value For Producers. September 2008. Canadian Poultry. http://canadianpoultrymag.com

Romero, L.F., Renema, R.A., Zuidhof,M.J. and Robinson, F.E. October 2008. Measuring Success: It’s Not Just About counting Chicks. Canadian Poultry, 95 (10):10-12.

Factsheets: Christopher, E. E. and Franco, A.M. Factsheet #3. 2007. Evaluando Calidad del Polllito: es un Ombligo sin Sansr Sinonimo de Mal Pollo Parrillero? Posted on PRC Website: http:// www.poultryresearchcentre.ca Christopher, E. E. and Franco, A.M. Factsheet #3. 2007. Factsheet #4. Probando un Nuevo Desinfectante para Huevos. Posted on PRC Website: http://www.poultryresearchcentre.ca Christopher, E. E. and Franco, A.M. Factsheet #3. 2007. Qualite du Poussin: Est un Nombril Sans Cicatriser Synonyme de Mauvais Pouet? Posted on PRC Website: http://www.poultryresearchcentre.ca Christopher, E. E. and Franco, A.M. Factsheet #3. 2007. Factsheet #4. Probando Un Nouveau Desinfectant pour Oeufs Incubables. Posted on PRC Website: http://www.poultryresearchcentre.ca

Zuidhof, M. J., Hernandez, F.I.L and Carney, V.L. Broiler Diets to Maximize Carcass Yield and Quality. New Directions in Feeding Poultry Seminar. Beltranena, E., Oryschak, M., Rozak, S., Korver, D.R., Hernandez,F.I.L and Zuidhof, M.J. Dried Distiller's Grains with Solubles: A Closer Look at a 21st Century Alberta Feedstuff. New Directions in Feeding Poultry Seminar. Korver, D.R., Yegani, M. and Zuidhof, M.J. Nutrient Availability and Variability of Corn in Poultry Diets. New Directions in Feeding Poultry Seminar. Renema, R.A. and Pishnamazi, A. Feeding Today’s Broiler Breeder for Tomorrow’s Broiler. New Directions in Feeding Poultry Seminar.

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New Innovations in Poultry Research (project summaries): Betti, M., Gaenzal, M. and Zuidhof, M.J. High Pressure Processing Of Chicken Meat Proteins. Dileep, N.O. and Wu, J. Co-Extraction of Valuable Eggwhite Proteins Through Fractionation. Holm, E., Robinson, F.E., Renema, R.A., Zuidhof, M.J. and Carney, V. Optimizing Omega-3 Enrichment Of Broiler Breast Meat. Johnson, M., Saunders-Blades, J.L. and Korver, D.R. The Effects of Maternal Nutrition on Early Innate Immunity in Broiler Chicks. Majumder, K., Davidge, S. and Wu, J. QSAR- aided Study Of Antihypertensive Peptides From Egg Protein. Martinez, L. and Wismer, W. The Repertory Grid: A Research Method To Understand Consumer Perception Of Poultry Products. Moayedi, V., Betti, M., Wismer, W. and Zuidhof, M.J. Extreme Meat Makeover; Once I Was Dark. New Approach for Increasing the Profitability Of Mechanically Separated Poultry Meat (MSPM) And Dark Meat In The Further Processed Food Products. Nain, S., Renema, R.A. and Korver, D.R. March 2008. Improving the Effectiveness of Laying Hens for the Use in Value-Added Egg Production. Naeima, A., Renema, R.A. and Korver, D.R. 2008. Improving The Effectiveness Of Laying Hens For The Use In Value-Added Egg Production.

Naeima, A., Romero, L.F., Renema, R.A., Zuidhof, M.J. and Robinson, F.E. March 2008. Linkages Between The Broiler Breeder Feed Allocation And Efficiency And Broiler Performance And Meat Quality. Perez. T. I. and Betti, M. Optimizing Broiler Chicken Carcass Uniformity Through Maternal Management And Nutrition. Stability of Omega-3 Enriched Broiler Meat Under Cooking. Perez, T.I., Ren, Y., Betti, M., Zuidhof, M.J., Renema, R.A. and Wu, J. March 2008. Effects of Dietary Supplementation with Antioxidants on the Stability of Omega-3 Enriched Chicken Meat. Ren, Y., Perez, T.I., Wu, J., Renema, R.A., Betti, M. and Zuidhof, M.J. March 2008. Stability of Omega-3 PUFAs in Enriched Eggs Fortified with Antioxidants Following Storage and Cooking. Robinson, F.E., Zuidhof, M.J., Renema, R.A., Romero, L.F. and Naeima, A. Bio-Economic Linkages Between Broilers And Breeders. Schneider, B.L., Betti, M., Renema, L., Zuidhof, M.J., Robinson, F.E. and Carney, V.L. Producing A Valuable Bird. Saunders-Blades, J.L. and Korver, D.R. Vitamin D source affects chicken hatchability, production performance, bone quality and immune function. Yegani, M and Korver, D.R. 2008. Evaluation of Nutrient Availability And Variability In Poultry Feedstuffs.

Patents Wu, J. and Ayyappan Nair Omana, D. 2008. A simple method of preparation of high purity of ovomucin. US Provisional Patent Application. Application serial No. 61/053,469. Filed on May 15, 2008.

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Wu, J and Aluko, R.E. Renin Inhibiting Peptides with ACE Inhibiting Activity. US Provisional Patent .


Awards and Honours Faculty and Staff Doug Korver – Poultry Science Association. The American Feed Industry Association Poultry Nutrition Research Award for distinctive work demonstrating sound research in poultry nutrition

Emefa Monu – CIFST Student Challenge

Doug Korver - Teacher of the Year Award, AFNS Annual Celebration of Teaching and Research

Erica Holm- Pacific Egg and Poultry Association (PEPA) Graduate Scholarship

Felicity Dennis - Poultry Science Association . The Tyson Foods Support Personnel Award to acknowledge her long-term role in assisting faculty in poultry research

Linda Ho - CIFST Student Challenge

Frank Robinson - Named to the AFHE “Teaching Wall of Fame” Frank Robinson - Recognized by the Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science for “Outstanding Achievement in Teaching and Research” Frank Robinson - Named to Fellow of the Poultry Science Association Frank Robinson- Teacher of the Year Award, AFNS Annual Celebration of Teaching and Research Gaylene Fasenko – Inducted as honorary member of the Golden Key International Honor Society Laurie Heidebrecht. Outstanding AFNS “booster” (Champion of Overall Activities). AFNS Annual Celebration of Teaching and Research Lynn McMullen- Teacher of the Year Award, AFNS Annual Celebration of Teaching and Research

Melissa Haveroen – Alberta Ingenuity PhD Scholarship

Luis Romero. Graduate Student Certificate of Excellence. 2008 Annual Meeting of the Southern Poultry Science Association Lukas Kawalilak, the PSA Student Research Paper Certification of Excellence for his oral presentation “Impaired intestinal villi growth in broiler chicks with navel buttons” Margaret MacKenzie- Pacific Egg and Poultry Association (PEPA) Graduate Scholarship Margaret MacKenzie – Canadian Broiler Hatching Egg Producers Association Broiler Breeder Scholarship Melissa Johnson - Alberta Ingenuity PhD Student Scholarship Mojtaba Yegani, PSA Student Essay Competition for his essay on “The Future of Poultry Science”. Sahar Navidghasemizad - Poultry Research Centre Graduate Student Assistantship Sandeep Nain- Pacific Egg and Poultry Association (PEPA) Graduate Scholarship

Martin Zuidhof - Poultry Science Association . Poultry Science Association: National Chicken Council Broiler Research Award

Sen Li - Poultry Research Centre Graduate Student Assistantship

Students

Tulia Perez De La Ossa- Pacific Egg and Poultry Association (PEPA) Graduate Scholarship

Abolfazl Naeima- Pacific Egg and Poultry Association (PEPA) Graduate Scholarship Ana Ulmer Franco- Pacific Egg and Poultry Association (PEPA) Graduate Scholarship Emefa Monu - Queen Elizabeth II Graduate Scholarship Doctoral

Vida Moayedi - Poultry Research Centre Graduate Student Assistantship Yuan Ren - Pacific Egg and Poultry Association (PEPA) Graduate Scholarship Yuliya Hrynets - Poultry Research Centre Graduate Student Assistantship

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Acronyms Used AVRI

Alberta Veterinary Research Institute

ARD

Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development

AAFC

Agriculture and Agri-food Canada

AARI

Alberta Agricultural Research Institute

ACP

Alberta Chicken Producers

AEP

Alberta Egg Producers

AFC

Agriculture Food Council

AFAC

Alberta Farm Animal Care

AHEP

Alberta Hatching Egg Producers

ALIDF

Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund

ATP

Alberta Turkey Producers

ALES

Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sciences

AHEP

Alberta Hatching Egg Producers

CALAS

Canadian Association for Laboratory Animal Sciences

CBHEMA

Canadian Broiler and Hatching Egg Marketing Agency

CEMA CFI

Canada Egg Marketing Agency Canadian Foundation for Innovation

CCAC

Canadian Council on Animal Care

CFIA

Canadian Food Inspection Agency

CPRC

Canadian Poultry Research Council

IAUTP

Institutional Animal User Training Program

MITAC

Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems

NACTA

North American Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture

NSERC

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council

PIC

Poultry Industry Council

PRC

Poultry Research Centre

PSA

Poultry Science Association

SCIDF

Saskatchewan Chicken Industry Development Fund

U of A

University of Alberta

USDA-ARS

United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service

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PRC Annual Report 2008  

Poultry Research Centre Annual Report 2008

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