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PE 106-2003

1250$7,93(1758352,(&7$5($ù,(;(&87$5($ /,1,,/25(/(&75,&($(5,(1('(-2$6  TENSIUNE

Coordonator: SC ELECTRICA S.A. Executant: S.C. FICHTNER ROMELECTRO ENGINEERING S.A ÌQORFXLHúWH3(

2003


PE 106 NORMATIV 3(1758352,(&7$5($Ăš,(;(&87$5($/,1,,/25(/(&75,&($(5,(1( '(-2$6 7(16,81(

CUPRINS 1.1. Domeniul de aplicare ............................................................................... 1.2. 7HUPLQRORJLHĂşLDEUHYLHUL..................................................................... 1.3. &RQGL LLOHFOLPDWR-meteorologice, JUXSDUHDvQF UF ULORUÂŤÂŤÂŤÂŤÂŤ ,,,&RQGL LLOHFOLPDWR-meteorologice ....................................................... ,,,*UXSDUHDvQF UF ULORU ,,,ĂŒQF UF ULXQLWDUHQRUPDWH ,,,ĂŒQF UF ULXQitare de calcul .................................................................... ,,,ĂŒQF UF ULVSHFLILFHQRUPDWHĂşLGHFDOFXO 1.4. Conductoare, fascicule de conductoare izolate ........................................ IV. 1. Dimensionare ....................................................................................... IV. 2. Detaliile constructive ........................................................................... 1.5. Stâlpi ....................................................................................................... V. 1. Generalit L V. 2. Dimensionare ....................................................................................... 1.6. )XQGD LL......................................................................... 1.7. Ancore ...................................................................................................... 1.8. Accesorii pentru liniile electrice aeriene .............................................. 1.9. 0RQWDUHDFRQGXFWRDUHORUSHVWkOSLVDXSHFO GLUL IX. 1. Linii cu conductoare izolate torsadate .................................................. IX. 2 Linii cu conductoare neizolate .............................................................. ,;/LQLLFXGRX VDXPDLPXOWHFLUFXLWH ,;/LQLLDHULHQHFXVWkOSLFRPXQLSHQWUXMRDV ĂşLPHGLHWHQVLXQH IX. /LQLLDHULHQHSHVWkOSLFRPXQLFXDOWHLQVWDOD LL 1.10. 0 VXULGHVLJXUDQ ĂşLSURWHF LH 1.11. &RQGL LLGHFRH[LVWHQ FXGLYHUVHFRQVWUXF LLVDXLQVWDOD L ;,7UDYHUV ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHF LIHUDWH ;,7UDYHUV ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHGUXPXUL XI. 3. ĂŒQFUXFLĂş ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GH/($ ;,7UDYHUV ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHFRQGXFWH ;,7UDYHUV ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHFRQVWUXF Li ĂŽn care VHSUHOXFUHD]  GHSR]LWHD] VXEVWDQ HFRPEXVWLELOH inflamabile sau cu pericol de incendiu (explozie) .................................

4 5 9 9 10 12 13 16 19 19 19 22 22 22 25 25 26 26 26 27 27 28 28 29 30 30 31 33 34 36

2


PE 106

;,ÌQFUXFLú ULúLDSURSLHULID GHPLMORDFHOe de transport pe cablu suspendat ................................................................................. ;,ÌQFUXFLú ULúLDSURSLHULID GHOLQLLOHGHWHOHFRPXQLFD LL XI. 8. ÌQFUXFLú ULúLDSURSLHULID GHOLQLLOHGHWUDPYDLúLWUROHLEX] XI. 9. 7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHFXOWXULOHSHVSDOLHUHVDX vQJU GLULOHPHWDOLFH ;,7UDYHUV ULVDXDSURSLHULID GHFO GLUL ;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHSRGXULEDUDMHGLJXUL ;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHDSH...................................................... ;,7UDYHUV ULSULQSODQWD LLGHDUERULVDXS GXUL ;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULID GHDHURSRUWXUL.... ;,7UDYHUV ULúLDSURSLHULIDú GHWHUHQXULOHGHVSRUW ANEXA 1 -OHJLGHFUHWHKRW UkULVWDQGDUGHQRUPDWLYH referitoare la liniile electrice în vigoare la data elabor ULLQRUPDWLYXOXL

36 36 36 37 37 40 40 40 40 40 41

3


PE 106

I.

DOMENIUL DE APLICARE

Art.1. 3UH]HQWXO QRUPDWLY VH DSOLF  OD FRQVWUXF LD OLQLLORU HOHFWULFH DHULHQH GH HQHUJLH HOHFWULF FXWHQVLXQHDQRPLQDO SkQ OD9LQFOXVLYLQGLIHUHQWGHFDUDFWHUXOGHSURSULHWDWHD acestora. Art.2.3UHYHGHULOHDFHVWXLQRUPDWLYGHYLQREOLJDWRULLSHQWUXWRDWHLQVWDOD LLOH GLQGRPHQLXO GHDSOLFDUH FDUHVHSURLHFWHD] GHODGDWDLQWU ULLvQYLgoare a acestui normativ. Art.3. Adaptarea liniilor electrice aeriene existente la prevederile prezentului normativ se YD IDFH GLQ LQL LDWLYD JHVWLRQDULORU DFHVWRUD FX RFD]LD OXFU ULORU GH PRGHUQL]DUH úL GH UHSDUD LL FDSLWDOHvQP VXUDvQFDUHH[SORDWDUHDORUSUH]LQW LQFRQYHQLHQWHGHRVHELWH SHULFROHSHQWUXRDPHQL SHQWUXVLJXUDQ DFRQVWUXF LLORUVDXSHQWUXDOLPHQWDUHDFRQVXPDWRULORU  Art.4.1RUPDWLYXOVHDSOLF úLOLQLLORUHOHFWULFHDHULHQHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHUHDOL]DWHSHVWkOSL IRORVL LvQFRPXQFRnform SR 831/2002. Art.5. 1RUPDWLYXO QX VH DSOLF  OD FRQVWUXF LD OLQLLORU DHULHQH GH HQHUJLH HOHFWULF  D F URU FRQVWUXF LHHVWHUHJOHPHQWDW SULQSUHVFULS LLWHKQLFHVSHFLDOHFDGHH[HPSOXOLQLLGHFRQWDFWSHQWUX F LIHUDWHHOHFWULILFDWHSHQWUXWUDPYDLHúLWUROHLEX]HSHQWUXPDúLQLGHULGLFDWúLWUDQVSRUWDWHWF Art.6.ÌQDIDUDSUHYHGHULORUQRUPDWLYXOXLODFRQVWUXF LDOLQLLORUDHULHQHGHHQHUJLHHOHFWULF  FXWHQVLXQLSkQ OD9LQFOXVLYVHYD LQHVHDPDGHUHJOHPHQW ULOHFXSULQVHvQOHJLGHFrete, VWDQGDUGHQRUPDWLYHFXFDUDFWHUUHSXEOLFDQVDXGHSDUWDPHQWDOUHIHULWRDUHODOLQLLúLODvQFDGUDUHDORU vQ PHGLXO vQFRQMXU WRU SUHFXP úL GH OHJLVOD LD GLQ VHFWRDUHOH DGLDFHQWH HGL LD vQ YLJRDUH OD GDWD HODERU ULL GRFXPHQWD LHL  0RGLILF ULOH DFWHORU QRUPDWLYH FDUH LQIOXHQ HD]  FRQVWUXF LD /($ VDX FRH[LVWHQ D DFHVWHLD FX DOWH RELHFWLYH VDX DFWLYLW L LPSOLF  UHYL]XLUHD SUH]HQWXOXL QRUPDWLY 'H DVHPHQHDVHYRUUHVSHFWDP VXULOHSULYLQGSURWHF LDPHGLXOXLFXSULQVHvQ/HJHD3URWHF LHL0HGLXOXL nr. 137/úLOHJLVOD LDFRQH[ VSHFLILF SUHFXPúLFRQGL LLOHGHFDOLWDWHSUHY ]XWHvQ,62 úL Art.7. $SDUL LD XQRU FRQVWUXF LL úL RELHFWLYH vQ ]RQD GH SURWHF LH úL VLJXUDQ  D OLQLHL HOHFWULFH DHULHQH GXS  SXQHUHD vQ IXQF LXQH D DFHVWHLD nu se admite decât în cazuri obligate, cu DFRUGXOIRUXOXLVXSHULRUDORUJDQXOXLGHH[SORDWDUHDO/($úLFXUHVSHFWDUHDSUHYHGHULORUSUH]HQWXOXL normativ.

4


PE 106 II.

7(50,12/2*,(Ăš,$%5(9,(5,

 /LQLD HOHFWULF  DHULDQ  GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH HVWH LQVWDOD LD GH FXUHQt alternativ (50 Hz) cu WHQVLXQHD QRPLQDO  vQ UHJLP QRUPDO GH IXQF LRQDUH GH FHO PXOW  9 ILLQG DOF WXLW  GLQ FRQGXFWRDUH L]RODWRDUH FOHPH DUP WXUL VWkOSL IXQGD LL úL LQVWDOD LL GH OHJDUH OD S PkQW PRQWDW vQDHUOLEHUúLFDUHVHUYHúWHODGLVWULEX LDHQHUJLHLHOHFWULFH  Circuitul unei LEA HVWH DQVDPEOXO GH FRQGXFWRDUH FDUH FRQVWLWXLH R FDOH LQGHSHQGHQW  GH GLVWULEX LHDHQHUJLHLHOHFWULFH&LUFXLWXOSRDWHILWULID]DW WUHLID]HúLQXO ELID]DW GRX ID]HúL QXO VDXPRQRID]DW ID] úLQXO   Echipamentul LEA HVWH DQVDPEOXO GH FRQGXFWRDUH L]RODWRDUH FOHPH úL DUP WXUL PRQWDW SH stâlpi LEA.  Conductoarele LEA sunt funiile metalice, izolate sau neizolate, Întinse liber Între punctele de SULQGHUHODVWkOSLVDXDOWHFRQVWUXF LLVSHFLDOH ConductoaUHOH VHUYHVF SHQWUX GLVWULEX LD HQHUJLHL HOHFWULFH úL vQ UHJLP QRUPDO GH OXFUX VH DIO VXEWHQVLXQH &RQGXFWRDUHOH L]RODWH SRW IL U VXFLWH vPSUHXQ  FD] vQ FDUH VH QXPHVF fascicule de conductoare izolate torsadate.  Izolatoarele sunt elementele componente DOH /($ FX DMXWRUXO F URUD VH UHDOL]HD]  L]RODUHD S U LORUDIODWHVXEWHQVLXQHvQWUHHOHúLID GHS U LOHOHJDWHODS PkQW  Cleme úLDUP WXUL Clemele VXQW GLVSR]LWLYHOH FDUH VH DIO  vQ FRQWDFW GLUHFW FX FDOHD GH FXUHQW úL SHUPLW H[HFXWDUHDOHJ WXULORr electrice. $UP WXULOH VXQW GLVSR]LWLYHOH FX DMXWRUXO F URUD VH DVDPEOHD]  úL VH PRQWHD]  FRQGXFWRDUHOHVDXL]RODWRDUHOH6HPDLQXPHVFúLaccesorii.  6WkOSLLúLFRQVROHOHVXQWFRQVWUXF LLOHGLQPHWDOEHWRQDUPDWVDXOHPQFDUHVXV LQHFKLSDPHQWXO LEA deasupra solului.  )XQGD LLOH VXQW HOHPHQWHOH GH FRQVWUXF LH FX DMXWRUXO F URUD VH IL[HD]  vQ VRO VWkOSLL VDX ancorele.  ,QVWDOD LLOHGHOHJDUHODS PkQWVXQWDQVDPEOXULIRUPDWHGLQFRQGXFWRUXOGHOHJDUHODS PkQW úLSUL]DGHS PkQWSULQFDUHVHUHDOL]HD] OHJDUHDODS PkQW  3UL]DGHS PkQWHVWH DQVDPEOXO GH HOHPHQWHFRQGXFWRDUH HOHFWUR]L vQFRQWDFWFXS PkQWXO care servesc pentru trecerea curentului În sol. 3UL]D GH S PkQW QDWXUDO  HVWH DQVDPEOXO GH HOHPHQWH FRQGXFWRDUH DO XQHL FRQVWUXF LL VDX LQVWDOD LLFDUHvQGHSOLQHúWHúLFRQGL LLOHXQHLSUL]HGHS PkQW 3UL]DGHS PkQWDUWLILFLDO HVWHSUL]DDOHF UHLHOHPHQWHFRPSRQHQWHVXQWFRQVWLWXLWHVSHFLDO pentru trecerea curentului În sol.  7HQVLXQHDQRPLQDO DXQHLOLQLL 8n) este valoarea eficace a tensiunii Între faze, prin care este GHQXPLW OLQLDúLODFDUHVHUHIHU XQHOHFDUDFWHULVWLFLGHIXQF LRQDUHDOHDFHVWHLD

5


PE 106  7HQVLXQHDPD[LP GHVHUYLFLX 8m)HVWHYDORDUHDHILFDFHPD[LP DWHQVLXQLLvQWUHID]HFDUH SRDWH V  DSDU  vQ FRQGL LL QRUPDOH GH IXQF LRnare ĂŽn orice punct al liniei, ĂŽntr-un moment RDUHFDUH(VWHGHILQLW FRQIRUP65&(,$  6HF LXQHDUHDO DXQXLFRQGXFWRUIXQLH 6c) HVWHVXPDVHF LXQLORUILUHORUFRPSRQHQWHDOHXQXL conductor.  6HF LXQHD QRPLQDO  D XQXL FRQGXFWRU IXQLH este valoDUHD URWXQMLW  D VHF LXQLL VDOH UHDOH YDORDUH FDUH VHUYHĂşWH OD GHQXPLUHD FRQGXFWRUXOXL ĂŒQ FD]XO FRQGXFWRDUHORU DOF WXLWH GLQ GRX  PHWDOHVHF LXQHDQRPLQDO VHH[SULP SULQYDORULOHURWXQMLWHDOHVHF LXQLORUDPEHORUPHWDOH  6DUFLQDGHUXSHUHFDOFXODW aXQXLFRQGXFWRUPXOWLILODUHVWHGHWHUPLQDW vQPRGFRQYHQ LRQDO vQ IXQF LH GH FDUDFWHULVWLFLOH PHFDQLFH DOH PDWHULDOHORU ILUHORU FRPSRQHQWH ĂşL GH DOF WXLUHD FRQVWUXFWLY DFRQGXFWRUXOXLSRWULYLWVWDQGDUGHORUGHFRQGXFWRDUHvQYLJRDUH ĂŽn cazul conductoarHORU PXOWLILODUH QHVWDQGDUGL]DWH IRU D VH GHWHUPLQ  FX DMXWRUXO PHWRGHL indicate ĂŽn standardele de conductoare similare.  5H]LVWHQ D GH UXSHUH FDOFXODW  3rc  ĂşLUH]LVWHQ DGHUXSHUHPLQLP  3r min) ale unui FRQGXFWRUIXQLHUHSUH]LQW UDSRUWXOvQWUHYDORDUHDVDUFLQLLGHUXSHUHFDOFXODWHUHVSHFWLYDIRU HL GHUXSHUHPLQLPHĂşLVHF LXQHDUHDO DFRQGXFWRUXOXL 1RW  ĂŒQFD]XOIDVFLFXOHORUGHFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWHWRUVDGDWHVHFRQVLGHU vQFDOFXOH UH]LVWHQ DGHUXSHUHDQXOXOXLSXUW WRU  ĂŒQF UF ULOH QRUPate VXQW YDORULOH H[WUHPH DOH vQF UF ULORU PD[LPH VDX PLQLPH SUREDELOH  GHILQLWHVWDWLVWLFUHDOL]DELOHFXRDQXPLW SUREDELOLWDWH -97,5%).  ĂŒQF UF ULOH GH FDOFXO  VXQW YDORULOH H[WUHPH DOH vQF UF ULORU FDUH VH UHDOL]HD]  FX R probabilitate de 99,9% ĂşLFDUHVHGHWHUPLQ SULQvQPXO LUHDvQF UF ULORUQRUPDWHFXFRHILFLHQWXO SDU LDOGHVLJXUDQ   7UDF LXQHDvQFRQGXFWRU 7 UHSUH]LQW VROLFLWDUHDFDUHLDQDĂşWHUHvQFRQGXFWRUvQPXO LW FX VHF LXQHDUHDO DFRQGXFWRUXOXLvQGLIHULWHVW ULGHIXQF LRQDUHWUDF LXQHDHVWHWDQJHQW ODFXUED conductorului.  7UDF LXQHD RUL]RQWDO  7o) vQ FRQGXFWRU HVWH WUDF LXQHD vQ SXQFWXO vQ FDUH WDQJHQWD OD FXUED FRQGXFWRUXOXLHVWHRUL]RQWDO   'HVFKLGHUHDUHDO  D HVWHGLVWDQ DP VXUDW SHRUL]RQWDO vQWUHD[HOHDGRLVtâlpi consecutivi (figura.1.).  'HVFKLGHUHD QRPLQDO  Dn) HVWH GHVFKLGHUHD FRQYHQ LRQDO  OD FDUH SXQFWHOH GH SULQGHUH DOH FRQGXFWRDUHORU VH J VHVF vQ DFHODĂşL SODQ RUL]RQWDO WHUHQXO HVWH SODQ LDU OD V JHDWD PD[LP  gabaritul la sol al liniei este cel minim admisibil.  'HVFKLGHUHDYLUWXDO , ah, a unei deschideri denivelate este GLVWDQ DODORFXOvQFDUHRUL]RQWDOD GXV  SULQWU-XQXO GLQ SXQFWHOH GH SULQGHUH DOH FRQGXFWRUXOXL LQWHUVHFWHD]  FXUED UHDO  D FRQGXFWRUXOXL VDX SUHOXQJLUHD HL GXS  FXP SXQFWXO FRQsiderat este inferior sau superior punctului de prindere al conductorului la stâlpul adiacent (figura 1.).  'HVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULGLQYkQW Dv) este semisuma deschiderilor reale adiacente unui stâlp GH FDUH GHSLQG vQF UF ULOH RUL]RQWDOH FDUH DF LRQHD]  asupra stâlpului, provenite din presiunea vântului pe conductoare (figura 1.). 6


PE 106

/HJHQG : „3RU LXQLOHGHWUDVHXvQWUHVWkOSLLúLFRQVWLWXLHDOLQLDPHQWH „3RU LXQLOHGHOLQLHvQWUHVWkOSLLúLúLFRQVWLWXLHSDQRXULVWkOSLLúLILLQGVWkOSLGH Întindere; an -HVWHGHVFKLGHUHDQRPLQDO  ai, (i =1‌ n) - deschideri reale; av -GHVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULGLQYkQW ag - deschiderea lavQF UF ULYHUWLFDOH - GHVFKLGHUHDYLUWXDO  ah hi, (i=1‌n) - GHQLYHO UL fn -V JHDWDFRQGXFWRUXOXLFRUHVSXQ] WRDUHGHVFKLGHULLQRPLQDOH hc - vQ O LPHDGHSULQGHUHDFRQGXFWRUXOXL hg - gabarit minim la sol; 2D - XQJKLXOvQWUHGRX DOLQLDPHQWHFRQVHFXWLYHDOHOLQLHL Figura. 1.([SOLFLWDWHDJUDILF DQR LXQLORUDOLQLDPHQWSDQRXGHVFKLGHULGHQLYHO UL  'HVFKLGHUHD OD vQF UF UL YHUWLFDOH Dg) este semisuma deschiderilor virtuale adiacente unui VWkOS GH FDUH GHSLQG vQF UF ULOH YHUWLFDOH FDUH DF LRQHD]  DVXSUD VWkOSXOXL SURYHQLWH GLQ greutatea conductoarelor (figura 1.).  'HVFKLGHUHDODGLVWDQ DvQWUHID]H Df ) este GHVFKLGHUHDUHDO vQWUHGRLVWkOSLFRQVHFXWLYLvQ FDUH VH UHDOL]HD]  R V JHDW  D FRQGXFWRUXOXL PD[LP SHUPLV  GH GLVWDQ D PLQLP  H[LVWHQW  SH VWkOSvQWUHFRQGXFWRDUHOHGLIHULWHORUID]HVDXvQWUHDFHVWHDúLFRQGXFWRDUHOHGHQXO  Denivelarea (h) HVWHGLVWDQ DP VXUDW SHYHUWLFDO vQWUHSXQFWHOHGHSULQGHUHDOHFRQGXFWRUXOXL la doi stâlpi consecutivi (figura.1.).  6 JHDWDunui conductor Într-XQ DQXPLW SXQFW HVWH GLVWDQ D P VXUDW  SH YHUWLFDO  vQWUH SXQFWXO UHVSHFWLY GH SH FXUED FRQGXFWRUXOXL úL GUHDSWD FDUH XQHúWH FHOH GRX  SXQFWH GH VXVSHQVLH DOH FRQGXFWRUXOXL&HDPDLPDUHV JHDW DFRQGXFWRUXOXLSRDWHILFRQVLGHUDW SUDFWLF la mijlocul deschiderii (figura.1.). 7


PE 106  Aliniamentul HVWHSRU LXQHDGHOLQLHFRPSXV GLQWU-XQDVDXPDLPXOWHGHVFKLGHULFXSULQV vQWUH GRX SXQFWHFRQVHFXWLYHDOHWUDVHXOXLvQFDUHOLQLDvúLPHQ LQHGLUHF LD ILJXUD   Panoul de întindere HVWH SRU LXQHD GH OLQLH FRPSXV  GLQWU-una sau mai multe deschideri, FXSULQV vQWUHGRLVWkOSLGHvQWLQGHUHFRQVHFXWLYL ILJXUD   'HYLD LDHVWHSURLHF LDRUL]RQWDO DGHSODV ULLFRQGXFWRUXOXLvQLSRWH]DYkQWPD[LP  ÌQFUXFLúDUHD/($FXXQRELHFWVDXRLQVWDOD LHHVWHDFHDVLWXD LHvQFDUHSURLHF LDRUL]RQWDO D FHO SX LQ XQXLD GLQ FRQGXFWRDUHOH /($ vQ SR]L LH QRUPDO  VDX GHYLDW  LQWHUVHFWHD]  RELHFWXO VDXLQVWDOD LDUHVSHFWLY   7UDYHUVDUHDúLVXEWUDYHUVDUHDVXQWDFHOHvQFUXFLú ULvQFDUH/($WUHFHSHGHDVXSUDUHspectiv SHVXERELHFWXOvQFUXFLúDW  Apropierea LEA GH XQ RELHFW RDUHFDUH HVWH DFHD VLWXD LH GH YHFLQ WDWH  vQ FDUH /($ QX vQFUXFLúHD] RELHFWXOUHVSHFWLY  3RU LXQLOH VSHFLDOH GH WUDVHX VXQW DFHOH SRU LXQL GLQ WUDVHXO OLQLHL vQ FDUH DSDUH FRH[LVWHQ D LE$ FX HOHPHQWHOH QDWXUDOH RELHFWHOH RELHFWLYHOH LQVWDOD LLOH FRQVWUXF LLOH HWF VLWXDWH vQ LPHGLDWD DSURSLHUH D OLQLHL VDX FX FDUH OLQLD VH vQFUXFLúHD]  )D  GH DFHVWHD OLQLD WUHEXLH UHDOL]DW  DVWIHO vQFkW V  VH DVLJXUH SH GH R SDUWH EXQD HL IXQF LRQDUH LDU SH GH DOW  SDUWH IXQF LRQDUHDFRUHFW DHOHPHQWHORUDIHFWDWHGHSUH]HQ DOLQLHL  Zona drumului este SRU LXQHDDPSUL]HLGUXPXOXLSOXVFkWHGRX IkúLLODWHUDOHGHILHFDUHSDUWH DHLGHQXPLWH]RQHGHVLJXUDQ UHVSHFWLYGHSURWHF LH  RegimXO QRUPDO GH IXQF LRQDUH DO XQHL /($ HVWH UHJLPXO vQ FDUH OLQLD vQ DQVDPEOX úL HOHPHQWHOHVDOHFRPSRQHQWHI U DILDIHFWDWHSULQUXSHULGHIRUP ULGH]L]RO ULHWFVHJ VHVFvQ VWDUHGHIXQF LRQDUH  Regimul de defect (deranjament) al unei LEA este regLPXO vQ FDUH DSDU GHIRUP UL DOH HOHPHQWHORU FRPSRQHQWH UXSHUL VDX WRSLUL DOH FRQGXFWRDUHORU UXSHUL GH L]RODWRDUH FOHPH úL DUP WXUL UXSHUHD VDX SLHUGHUHD VWDELOLW LL VWkOSLORU VDX IXQGD LLORU HWF XUPDWH vQ JHQHUDO GH vQWUHUXSHUHD IXQF LRQ ULLOLQLHL5HJLPXOGHDYDULHFRQVLGHUDWFDLSRWH] GHFDOFXOHVWH UHJLPXOvQFDUHL]RODWRDUHOHVWkOSLLúLIXQGD LLOHVXQWVROLFLWDWHvQPRGGLIHULWGHUHJLPXO GHIXQF LRQDUHQRUPDOvQXUPDUXSHULLFRQGXFWRDUHORUVDXL]RODWRDUHORU  &D]XULOH H[FHS LRQDOH VDX REOLJDWH sunt acele cazuri în care, din considerente tehnicoeconomice, nu se pot aplica prevederile normativului. Abrevieri: LEA LTc PE Un Um SR CEI INMH

       

/LQLH(OHFWULF $HULDQ /LQLLGH7HOHFRPXQLFD LL 3UHVFULS LH7HKQLF Tensiunea nomLQDO DOLQLHL 7HQVLXQHDPD[LP GHVHUYLFLXDOLQLHL 6WDQGDUGGHUDPXU &RPLWHWXO(OHFWURWHKQLF,QWHUQD LRQDO ,QVWLWXWXO1D LRQDOGH0HWHRURORJLHúL+LGURORJLH 8


PE 106

&21', ,,/(&/,0$72-0(7(252/2*,&(*583$5($ĂŒ1& 5& 5,/25

III.

III.1. &RQGL LLOHFOLPDWR-meteorologice Art.8./DSURLHFWDUHDúLFRQVWUXF LD/($GHMRDV WHQVLXQHVH LQHVHDPDGHLQWHQVLWDWHDúL IUHFYHQ D GH PDQLIHVWDUH D SULQFLSDOLORU IDFWRUL FOLPDWR-meteorologici: temperatura aerului, viteza vântului, depunerile de chicLXU  'LQDFHVWSXQFWGHYHGHUHWHULWRULXO ULLQRDVWUHVHvPSDUWHFRQIRUP67$6-90, În cinci ]RQH PHWHRURORJLFH ILJXUD  FDUH GLIHU  GLQ SXQFWXO GH YHGHUH DO LQWHQVLW LL úL DO IUHFYHQ HL GH manifestare a principalilor factori climato-meteorologici. Art.9. /D GHWHUPLQDUHD vQF UF ULORU QRUPDWH SHQWUX FDOFXOXO PHFDQLF DO /($ GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH VH YRU FRQVLGHUD YDORULOH SUHY ]XWH vQ WDEHOHOH   úL   SHQWUX ]RQD PHWHRURORJLF  úL tipul de amplasament respectiv. Tabelul 1. Presiunea dinamic GHED] GDW GHYkQW FRUHVSXQ] WRDUHYLWH]HLPHGLDWHSHGRX PLQXWH) la vQ O LPHDGHPGHDVXSUDWHUHQXOXLúLJURVLPHDVWUDWXOXLGHFKLFLXU SHFRQGXFWRDUHOH/($ Zona meteo

A B C D1)

E2)

1RW 

Altitudinea m

d800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400

3UHVLXQHDGLQDPLF GHED]  (daN/m2) Vânt maxim Vânt simultan I U FKLFLXU FXFKLFLXU pvmax pvch 30 12 42 15 55 17 40 45 65 90 110 130 150 170

16 18 26 36 44 52 60 68

Grosimea stratului de FKLFLXU Ech 3,4) (mm) 16 22 Grosimea stratului de FKLFLXU VHYDVWDELOLSHED]D datelor statistice furnizate de I.N.M.H. sau rezultate din statisticile de exploatare ale /($ ĂşL /7F GLQ ]RQHOH respective

 =RQD PHWHRURORJLF  FX FRQGL LL GHRVHELWH GH YkQW SHQWUX FDre se vor cere date de la Institutul 1D LRQDOGH0HWHRURORJLHĂşL+LGURORJLH  ĂŒQ ]RQH FX DOWLWXGLQL PDL PLFL GH  P SUHVLXQHD GLQDPLF  GH ED]  OXDW  vQ FRQVLGHUDUH QX WUHEXLHV DLE YDORULPDLPLFLGHFkWD]RQHORUOLPLWURIHFXDOWLWXGLQHDVXEP. *URVLPHDVWUDWXOXLGHFKLFLXU bchSHFRQGXFWRDUHVHFRQVLGHU FRQIRUPILJXULL *UHXWDWHDYROXPLF DFKLFLXULLJchVHFRQVLGHU HJDO FXGD1GP3ĂŒQFD]XOFkQGVHDGRSW  pentru zonele A y'JURVLPLDOHVWUDWXOXLGHFKLFLXU GHSXVSHFRnductoare mai mari decât cele specificate vQWDEHOXOĂşLSHVWHPPSHQWUX]RQD(VHSRDWHPLFĂşRUDYDORDUHDJUHXW LLYROXPLFHDFKLFLXULLSkQ ODFHO mult 0,5 daN/dm3$FHVWHYDORULWUHEXLHV ILHMXVWLILFDWHSULQGDWHVWDWLVWLFHIXUQL]DWHGH,10+VDXrezultate din statisticile de exploatare a liniilor aeriene de energie HOHFWULF VLGHWHOHFRPXQLFD LLGLQ]RQHOHUHVSHFWLYH ĂşLV DLE IUHFYHQ DGHDSDUL LHGHFHOPXOWRGDW ODDQL 9


PE 106 Tabelul 2. Valorile temperaturii aerului Zona PHWHRURORJLF 7RDW  DUD Zone cu altitudini peste 800 m

PD[LP 40 40

Temperatura aerului (0C) PLQLP medie de formare a chiciuri -30 15 -5 -30 10 -5 Tabelul 3.

&RHILFLHQWXOGHFRUHF LHDYLWH]HLYkQWXOXLĂşLJURVLPLL VWUDWXOXLGHFKLFLXU Coeficientul

Simbolul

Tipul de amplasament I II III 1,5 1,0 0,4

&RHILFLHQWXOGHFRUHF LHDYLWH]HL Ev YkQWXOXLODUDIDO  &RHILFLHQWXOGHFRUHF LHDJURVLPLL 1,0 0,6 0,4 Ech VWUDWXOXLGHFKLFLXU 1RW  Amplasamentul I FXSULQGH ]RQHOH GHVFKLVH FkPSLL GHDOXUL OLWRUDOXO P ULL Vau lacurilor HWF SUHFXPĂşLDPSODVDPHQWHGLQ]RQHFRQVWUXLWHFXREVWDFROHFXvQ O LPLPDLPLFLGHP Amplasamentul II FXSULQGH]RQHOHGLQORFDOLW L FXH[FHS LDFHQWUHORUPDULORURUDĂşH DOWH amplasamente similare acoperite relativ uniform cu obstacolH FX vQ O LPL GH SHVWH  P GH H[HPSOX]RQHFXPDVLYHIRUHVWLHUHĂşD  Amplasamentul III FXSULQGH]RQHOHGLQFHQWUHOHPDULORURUDĂşHFXFO GLULGHQVFRQVWUXLWH PDMRULWDWHDFO GLULORUDYkQGvQ O LPLGHPVDXPDLPDUL 3RWILOXDWHvQFRQVLGHUDUHĂşLVLWXD LLLQWHUPHGLDUHvQWUHFHOHWUHLWLSXULGHDPSODVDPHQWHFDGH H[HPSOXvQWUHWLSXULOH,ĂşL,,vQFD]XULOHvQFDUHvQ O LPHDPHGLHDREVWDFROHORUHVWHSkQ ODPLDU GLVWDQ D GH OD DFHVWH REVWDFROH SkQ  OD FRQVWUXF LH QX HVWH PDL PDUH GH RSW RUL vQ O LPHD REVWDFROHORUĂŒQDFHVWHFD]XULYDORDUHDFRHILFLHQWXOXLGHUDIDO VHRE LQHSULQLQWHUSRODUHOLQHDU  ,,,*UXSDUHDvQF UF ULORU Art.10. /DFDOFXOXOĂşLGLPHQVLRQDUHDHOHPHQWHORUFRPSRQHQWHDOHOLQLLORUHOHFWULFHDHULHQH GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH VH YRU OXD vQ FRQVLGHUDUH XUP WRDUHOH JUXS UL DOH IDFWRULORU PHWHRURORJLFL FD LSRWH]HGHvQF UFDUH VW ULGHGLPHQVLRQDUH  a) ,SRWH]DWHPSHUDWXU PLQLP WHPSHUDWXUDPLQLP YkQWXOĂşLFKLFLXUDOLSVHVF b) ,SRWH]DWHPSHUDWXU PHGLH GHILHFDUH]L WHPSHUDWXUDPHGLHYkQWXOĂşLFKLFLXUDOLSVHVF c) ,SRWH]DWHPSHUDWXU PHGLHĂşLYkQWWHPSHUDWXUDPHGLHYLWH]DYkQWXOXLGHPVFKLFLXUD OLSVHĂşWH d) ,SRWH]DYkQWPD[LPWHPSHUDWXUDPHGLHYLWH]DPD[LP DYkQWXOXLFKLFLXUDOLSVHĂşWH e) Ipoteza temperatura maxLP WHPSHUDWXUDPD[LP YkQWXOĂşLFKLFLXUDOLSVHVF f) ,SRWH]DvQF UFDUHFXFKLFLXU WHPSHUDWXUDGHIRUPDUHDFKLFLXULĂşLGHSXQHULGHFKLFLXU SH HOHPHQWHOHFRPSRQHQWHDOHOLQLHLYkQWXOOLSVHĂşWH g) ,SRWH]D YkQW VLPXOWDQ FX FKLFLXU  vQF UF UL PD[LPH  temperatura de formare a chiciuri , YkQWVLPXOWDQFXFKLFLXU ĂşLGHSXQHULGHFKLFLXU SHHOHPHQWHOHFRPSRQHQWHDOHOLQLHL 10


PE 106

Figura. 2. ROMÂNIA Zonarea teritoriului din punct de vedere al FRQGL LLORUFOLPDWR– meteorologice 11


PE 106 ,,,ĂŒQF UF ULXQLWDUHQRUPDWH ĂŒQF UF UL unitare normate pe conductoare

Art.11. *UHXWDWHDXQLWDU DIDVFLFXOXOXL FRQGXFWRDUHORU VHFDOFXOHD] FXUHOD LD gc ,

g 1n

(daN/m)

ĂŽn care : gc  greutatea fasciculului de conductoare sau greutatea conductorului neizolat gresat Art.12. *UHXWDWHDXQLWDU DFKLFLXULLVHFDOFXOHD] FXUHOD LD

g 2n ĂŽn care : Ech de Jch

S ˜ b ch ˜ E ch ˜ b ch ˜ E ch  d e ˜ J ch ˜ 10 3 , 

(daN/m)

 FRHILFLHQWXOGHFRUHF Le a grosimii chiciurii;  diametrul echivalent fasciculului sau diametrul conductorului neizolat;  densitatea chiciurii ( Jch = 0,75 daN/dm3).

Figura. 3. Art.13. *UHXWDWHD XQLWDU  D IDVFLFXOXOXL FRQGXFWRUXOXL  DFRSHULW FX FKLFLXU  se calculea] FXUHOD LD (daN/m)

g 3n

g 1n  g 2 n ,

x 9kQWPD[LPSHIDVFLFXO FRQGXFWRDUH QHDFRSHULWFXFKLFLXU  Art.14. ĂŒQF UF ULOHXQLWDUHSURYHQLWHGLQDF LXQHDYkQWXOXLVHGHWHUPLQ FXDMXWRUXOSUHVLXQLL diQDPLFHGHED] p, care se va luaGLQWDEHOXOVDXVHYDGHWHUPLQDFXUHOD LD 2 p v , (daN/m2) 16,3 v este viteza vântului, ĂŽn m/s. g4n

C tc ˜

v

˜ p v max ˜ d e ˜ 10 3 , 

(daN/m)

ĂŽn care : Ctc  coeficientul aerodinamic a fasciculului sau conductorului (tabelul 4.); pvmax  SUHVLXQHDGLQDPLF GDW GHYkQWXOPD[LP 12


PE 106 Tabelul 4. Valorile coeficientului aerodinamic, Ctc, pentru conductoare. ) U FKLFLXU

&XFKLFLXU

6SHFLILFD LD Diametrul conductorului mai mare sau egal cu 20 mm Diametrul conductorului mai mic de 20 mm Indiferent de diametrul conductorului

Ctc 1,10 1,20

x 9kQWSHIDVFLFXODFRSHULWFXFKLFLXU : C tc ˜

g 5n

v

˜ p vch ˜ d e  2 ˜ b ch ˜

ch

˜ 10 3 , 

(daN/m)

x ĂŒQF UFDUHDWRWDO SHFRQGXFWRUvQFRQGL LDYkQWPD[LP: g 12n  g 24 n ,

g 6n

(daN/m)

x ĂŒQF UFDUHDWRWDO SHFRQGXFWRUvQFRQGL LDYkQWVLPXOWDQFXFKLFLXU :

g 32n  g 52n ,

g 7n

(daN/m)

,,,ĂŒQF UF ULXQLWDUHGHFDOFXO Art.15. ĂŒQF UF ULOH GH FDOFXO FDUH VWDX OD ED]D GLPHQVLRQ ULL HOHPHQWHORU FRPSRQHQWH DOH /($ VH RE LQ SULQ vQPXO LUHD vQF UF ULORU QRUPDWH GHWHUPLQDWH FRQIRUP VXEFDSLWROXOXL ,,, FX FRHILFLHQ LLSDU LDOLGHVLJXUDQ  LQkQGX-VHVHDPDGHJUXSDUHDvQF UF ULORUSUHFL]DWHvQVXEFDSLWROXO III.2. Art.16. CODVLILFDUHDĂşLGHWHUPLQDUHDvQF UF ULORUGHFDOFXOvPSUHXQ FXFRHILFLHQ LLSDU LDOL GHVLJXUDQ FDUHVWDXODED]DGLPHQVLRQ ULLHOHPHQWHORUFRPSRQHQWHDOH/($VXQWSUH]HQWDWHvQ tabelul 5. Art.17. /D FDOFXOXO ĂşL GLPHQVLRQDUHD HOHPHQWHORU FRPSRQHQWH Dle LEA ĂŽn regimurile QRUPDOH GH IXQF LRQDUH JUXSDUHD IXQGDPHQWDO  GH vQF UF UL  ĂşL UHJLPXULOH GH DYDULH JUXSDUHD VSHFLDO GHvQF UF UL JUXS ULOHvQF UF ULORUGLQDUWLFROXOVHYRUIDFHGXS XUP WRDUHOHUHOD LL i 5HJLPXULOHQRUPDOHGHIXQF LRQDUH

ƒĂŽnc UF ULQRUPDWH ÂŚ Pi  ÂŚ Vi LQWHUYLQODGHWHUPLQDUHDV JH LORUFRQGXFWRDUHORU



ƒĂŒQF UF ULGHFDOFXO ÂŚ



˜ Pi  ÂŚ 

n

˜ Vi 

n

o Regim de avarie

ƒĂŒQF UF ULGHFDOFXO ÂŚ J a ˜ P i  ÂŚ J a ˜ Vi  ÂŚ J a ˜ E i 





13


PE 106 Tabelul 5. &ODVLILFDUHDGHWHUPLQDUHDvQF UF ULORUGHFDOFXOĂşLFRHILFLHQ LLSDU LDOLGHVLJXUDQ SHQWUX dimensionarea elementelor LEA.

Categoriile de vQF UF UL

Permanente (P)

Variabile (V)

([FHS LRQDOH (E) Regim de montaj (M)

ĂŒQF UF UL Masa proprie (stâlpi, cabluri, conductoare, izolatoare, LQVWDOD LLHWF

a) Presiunea vântului pe conductoare, stâlpi, cabluri, izolatoare cu sau I U FKLFLXU  b) Masa chiciurii pe conductoare (actiYHĂşLGH SURWHF LH VWkOSL izolatoare etc. F 7UDF LXQHD conductoarelor ĂŽn regim QRUPDOGHIXQF LRQDUH 7UDF LXQHDFRQGXFWRDUHORU ĂŽn regim de avarie ĂŒQF UF ULUH]XOWDWHGin schema de montaj

&RHILFLHQWXOSDU LDOGHVLJXUDQ Jn Ja Zonele Zonele Zonele Zonele $%ĂşL& 'ĂşL( $%ĂşL& 'ĂşL( 1,10 (0,90)*

1,30

1,10 (0,90)*

1,50

0,25

0,45

1,80 (1,00)*

1,80 (1,00)*

1,30**

-

-

1,10**

1,10

-

9DORULOH  UHVSHFWLY  VH LQWURGXF vQ FDOFXO GDF  vQF UF ULOH UHVSHFWLYH DX HIHFW GHIDYRUDELO DVXSUD UH]LVWHQ HL VDX VWDELOLW LL XQRU HOHPHQWH DOH VWkOSXOXL VDX IXQGD LLORU OD VWDUHD OLPLW DQDOL]DW  **)  6H UHIHU  OD GHWHUPLQDUHD WUDF LXQLL vQ FRQGXFWRDUH SHQWUX FDOFXOXO VWkOSLORU ĂşL VH DSOLF  WUDF LXQLLPD[LPHQRUPDWH UH]XOWDW GLQvQF UF ULOHQRUPDWH  *)

14


PE 106 Tabelul 6.

ĂŒQF UF ULQRUPDWHSURYHQLWHGLQ

'HWHUPLQDUHDvQF UF ULORUXQLWDUHQRUPDWHĂşLGHFDOFXOSHFRQGXFWRDUHOH OLQLLORUHOHFWULFHDHULHQHĂşLJUXSDUHDORUSHUHJLPXULOHGHIXQF LRQDUH ĂŒQF UF UL (daN) Masa proprie a conductorului Masa depunerii de FKLFLXU SHFRQGXFWRU 0DVDWRWDO  SURSULHĂşLD GHSXQHULLGHFKLFLXU D conductorului 3UHVLXQHDGDW GHYkQWSH conductorul QHDFRSHULWFXFKLFLXU PreVLXQHDGDW GHYkQWSH conductorul acoperit cu FKLFLXU ĂŒQF UFDUHDWRWDO SH FRQGXFWRUvQFRQGL LLOH vântului maxim

ĂŒQF UF ULGHFDOFXOSURYHQLWHGLQ

ĂŒQF UFDUHDWRWDO SH FRQGXFWRUvQFRQGL LLOHGH YkQWĂşLFKLFLXU

Regim normal JUXSDUHDIXQGDPHQWDO

Regim de avarie JUXSDUHDVSHFLDO

g 1n

S ˜ bch ˜ E ch ˜ bch ˜ E ch  d e ˜ J ch ˜ 10

g 2n

g c  ˜ b ch ˜

g 3n g 4n

g 5n

C tc ˜

gc

ch

˜ b ch ˜

C tc ˜ E v ˜ p v max ˜ d e ˜ 10

v

˜ p vch ˜ d e  2 ˜ b ch ˜

g 6n

g 7n

ch

ch

3

˜ 10 3

g 32n  g 52n

g 7 na

g 2c

J n ˜ g 2n

g 3c

g 1c  g 2c

n

˜ g 5n

g 6c

g 12c  g 24c

g 7c

g 32c  g 52c

g 32n  g 52na

˜ gc

J n ˜ g 4n

n

˜ g 5n

n

-

Masa depunerii de FKLFLXU SHFRQGXFWRU

g 5c

3 

a

g 5 na

g 12n  g 24 n

0DVDWRWDO  SURSULHĂşi a GHSXQHULLGHFKLFLXU D conductorului

˜ 10 -

g 1c

g 4c

ch

Masa proprie a conductorului

3UHVLXQHDGDW GHYkQWSH conductorul neacoperit de FKLFLXU 3UHVLXQHDGDW GHYkQWSH conductorul acoperit cu FKLFLXU ĂŒQF UFDUHDWRWDO SH FRQGXFWRUvQFRQGL LLOH vântului maxim ĂŒQF UFDUHDWRWDO SH FRQGXFWRUvQFRQGL LLOHGH YkQWĂşLFKLFLXU

 de ˜

3 

-

g 5ca

a

˜ g 5n

-

-

15


PE 106 ,,,ÌQF UF ULVSHFLILFHQRUPDWHúLGHFDOFXO Art.18. ÌQF UF ULOHVSHFLILFHQRUPDWHVDXGHFDOFXOVHRE LQGLQvQF UF ULOHXQLWDUHQRUPDWH VDXGHFDOFXOvPS U LWHODVHF LXQHDUHDO DFRQGXFWRUXOXL Art.19. ÌQ FD]XO IDVFLFXOHORU GH FRQGXFWRDUH L]RODWH WRUVDGDWH SULQ VHF LXQH UHDO  D FRQGXFWRUXOXLVHvQ HOHJHVHF LXQHDUHDO DQXOXOXLSXUW WRU Art.20. 3H  ED]D  vQF UF ULORU  XQLWDUH  GH  FDOFXO VH  FDOFXOHD]   vQF UF ULOH  SH  ILHFDUH element constructiv al liniei. 9ÌQF UF UL de calcul pe conductoare o ÌQF UF ULRUL]RQWDOH: - Ipoteza vânt maxim:

Fc în care : g4c av

g 4c ˜ a v ˜ sin 2

(daN)

 vQF UF ULOHXQLWDUHGHFDOFXOSURYHQLWHGLQDF LXQHDYkQWXOXLPD[LP  deschiderea la vQF UF ULGLQYkQW  XQJKLXOGLQWUHGLUHF LDYkQWXOXLúLD[XOOLQLHL

-,SRWH]DYkQWVLPXOWDQFXFKLFLXU 

Fc Fca

în care : g5c, g5ca

g 5c ˜ a v ˜ sin 2 g 5ca ˜ a v ˜ sin 2

- în regim normal

(daN)

- în regim de avarie

(daN)

 vQF UF ULOHXQLWDUHGHFDOFXOSURYHQLWHGLQDF LXQHDYkQWXOXLVLPXOWDQFXFKLFLXU 

o ÌQF UF ULYHUWLFDOH JUHXWDWH :  ,SRWH]DWHPSHUDWXU PHGLH

Gc în care : g1c ag

g 1c ˜ a g ,

(daN)

 vQF UF ULOHXQLWDUHGHFDOFXOSURYHQLWHGLQJreutatea conductoarelor;  GHVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULYHUWLFDOH

 ,SRWH]DvQF UFDUHFXFKLFLXU  Gc

în care: g3c

g 3c ˜ a g ,

(daN)

 vQF UF ULOH XQLWDUH GH FDOFXO SURYHQLWH GLQ JUHXWDWHD FRQGXFWRDUHORU DFRSHULWH FX FKLFLXU

16


PE 106

9ÌQF UF UL de calcul pe stâlpi o ÌQF UF ULRUL]RQWDOH:

 Ipoteza vânt maxim: Fst c n ˜ C ts ˜ v ˜ p v max ˜ A st , în care : Cts Ev pvmax Ast

 FRHILFLHQWXODHURGLQDPLFSHQWUXVWkOSLúLDUHYDORDUHDGH x SHQWUXVWkOSLFXVHF LXQHFLUFXODU  x 1,4 pentru sWkOSLFXVXSUDIH HSODQH  FRHILFLHQWXOGHFRUHF LHDYLWH]HLYkQWXOXLODUDIDO   SUHVLXQHDGLQDPLF GDW GHYkQWXOPD[LP  VXSUDID DVWkOSXOXLH[SXV YkQWXOXL 

 ,SRWH]DvQF UFDUHFXFKLFLXU  Fst c n ˜ C ts ˜ v ˜ p vch ˜ ( A st ˜ 1,5) , - în regim normal Fst ca în care: pvch Ast 1,5

(daN)

J a ˜ C ts ˜ E v ˜ p vch ˜ ( Ast ˜ 1,5) , - în regim de avarie

(daN) (daN)

 SUHVLXQHDGLQDPLF GDW GHYkQWXOVLPXOWDQFXFKLFLXU   VXSUDID DVWkOSXOXLH[SXV YkQWXOXL  FRHILFLHQWXOGHPDMRUDUHDVXSUDIH HLVWkOSXOXLGDWRULW GHSXQHULORUGHFKLFLXU  (numai pentru stâlpii cu alveole);

o ÌQF UF ULYHUWLFDOH: ÌQF UF ULQRUPDWHSURYHQLWHGLQPDVDVWkOSLORUúLDGHSXQHULORUGHFKLFLXU   SHQWUXVWkOSLLQHDFRSHUL LFXFKLFLXU  Gst n Gst ,  SHQWUXVWkOSLLDFRSHUL LFXFKLFLXU  Gst n 1,1 ˜ Gst , în care: Gst  este greutatea stâlpului (daN); 1,1  FRHILFLHQWXOGHPDMRUDUHDJUHXW LLGDWRULW GHSXQHULORUGHFKLFLXU 

(daN) (daN)

ÌQF UF ULGHFDOFXOSURYHQLWHGLQPDVDVWkOSLORUúLDGHSXQHULORUGHFKLFLXU  Gst c în care: Jn

n

˜ Gst n ,

(daN)

 FRHILFLHQWXOSDU LDOGHVLJXUDQ  17


PE 106

9ĂŒQF UF UL SHFRQVROHĂşLL]RODWRDUH Art.21. $F LXQHDYkQWXOXLĂşLFKLFLXULLDVXSUDDUP WXULORUFRQVROHORUĂşLL]RODWRDUHORUSURGXFH eforturi mult mai mici decât cele pe conductoare sau stâlpi; aceste eforturi se pot neglija.

9ĂŒQF UF UL de calcul GDWRUDWHWUDF LXQLL

Art.22. ĂŒQF UFDUHD GDWRUDW  WUDF LXQLL GLQ Fonductoare (T) VH GHWHUPLQ  SH ED]D WUDF LXQLL specifice orizontale (po ĂşLVHF LXQLLUHDOHDFRQGXFWRDUHORU Tc Tc ĂŽn care: po Sc

n

a

˜ p o ˜ Sc ˜ p o ˜ Sc

,

,

- regim normal

( daN)

- regim de avarie

( daN)

 WUDF LXQHDVSHFLILF RUL]RQWDO  GD1PP2);  VHF LXQHDUHDO DFRQGXFWRUXOXL PP2).

Art.23. ĂŒQF UFDUHD GDWRULW  WUDF LXQLL GLQ FRQGXFWRU VH DSOLF  vQ SXQFWXO GH SULQGHUH D FRQGXFWRUXOXLODVWkOSĂşLVHFRQVLGHU F DF LRQHD] vQGLUHF LDFRQGXFWRUXlui. pct. g

Art.24. 7UDF LXQHD VSHFLILF  RUL]RQWDO (po) VH FDOFXOHD]  vQ  FRQGL LLOH  FDS,,,   DUW

18


PE 106

IV.

CONDUCTOARE, FASCICULE DE CONDUCTOARE IZOLATE

IV. 1. Dimensionare Art.25. Calculul mecanic al conductoarelor seHIHFWXHD] GXS PHWRGDODVW ULOLPLW vQFDUH UH]LVWHQ HOH GH FDOFXO VXQW VWDELOLWH vQ SURFHQWH GLQ UH]LVWHQ D GH UXSHUH FDOFXODW  D FRQGXFWRUXOXL (Prc). 3ULQ FDOFXOVH XUP UHúWHFD UH]LVWHQ HOH GH FDOFXO V  QXILHGHS úLWHFXPDLPXOWGHvQ puncteleGHSULQGHUHDOHFRQGXFWRUXOXLvQFOHPHODGLIHULWHLSRWH]H VW UL GHIXQF LRQDUH 6HYRUYHULILFDXUP WRDUHOHVW UL a) VWDUHD GH VROLFLWDUH PD[LP  DS UXW  vQ LSRWH]D FRUHVSXQ] WRDUH DUWJ FX înF UFDUHDJ7cSHQWUXFDUHYDORDUHDPD[LP DUH]LVWHQ Hi de calcul va fi de 0,7 . prc; b) VWDUHD GH WHPSHUDWXU  PLQLP FRUHVSXQ] WRDUHDUWDFXvQF UFDUHDJ1c, pentru care YDORDUHDPD[LP DUH]LVWHQ HLGHFDOFXOYDILGH. prc; c) VWDUHD GH VROLFLWDUH GH ILHFDUH ]L FRUHVSXQ] WRDUH SFW E FX vQF UFDUea, g1c, pentru FDUHYDORDUHDPD[LP DUH]LVWHQ HLGHFDOFXOYDILGH. prc . &DOFXOXOPHFDQLFDOFRQGXFWRDUHORUL]RODWHúLDFHORUFXILEU RSWLF LQFOXV VHIDFHvQDFHODúL mod ca la conductoarele normale. ÌQ SOXV SHQWUXFRQGXFWRDUHOHFX ILEU  RSWLF  LQFOXV  SURGXF WRULLWUHEXLHV DGXF GRYH]L ED]DWH SH WHVWH F  vQ RULFDUH GLQ VW ULOH D  E  VDX F  GHILQLWH PDL VXV OD OLPLW  FDUDFWHULVWLFLOH PHFDQLFHúLRSWLFHDOHILEUHLU PkQQHVFKLPEDWH Art.26. 6 JHDWD PD[LP  VH FDOFXOHD]  vQ LSRWH]D FRUHVSXQ] WRDUH WHPSHUDWXULL PD[LPH DUWH VDXLSRWH]DvQF UFDUHFXFKLFLXU  DUWI  Art.27. /D FDOFXOXO V JH LORU GH PRQWDM DOH FRQGXFWRDUHORU VH YD FRQVLGHUD VWDUHD LQL LDO  UHVSHFWLY VWDUHD GLQDLQWHD DSDUL LHL IHQRPHQXOXL GH IOXDM 7UDF LXQLOH úL V JH LOH FRQGXFWRDUHORU SHQWUXVWDUHDLQL LDO VHFDOFXOHD] SOHFkQGGHODYDORULOHPD[LPHDOHUH]LVWHQ HORUGHFDOFXO 6 JH LOHGHPRQWDMVHFDOFXOHD] FXYDORULDOHvQF UF ULORUúLWUDF LXQLORUQRUPDWHSRUQLQGXVHGHODvQF UF ULOHGHFDOFXO J7c úLJ1c úLYDORDUHDPD[LP DUH]LVWHQ HLGHFDOFXODGPLV FDLSRWH]  de dimensionare. &DOFXOXOWUDF LXQLORUODDOWHVW ULGHFkWFHOHGHGLPHQVLRQDUHVHYDIDFHFXDMXWRUXOHFXD LHLGH stare, aplicându-VHPHWRGDFXPRGXOHGHHODVWLFLWDWHLQL LDOúLILQDOHJDOH Art.28. ÌQ FD]XO OLQLLORU DHULHQH HFKLSDWH FX FRQGXFWRDUH QHL]RODWH GH VHF LXQL GLIHULWH GH exemplu: fazele 70 mm2 , nulul 50 mm2 úL LOXPLQDWXO SXEOLF  PP2  WUDF LXQLOH SHQWUX ILHFDUH VHF LXQHGHFRQGXFWRUVHYRUDOHJHDVWIHOvQFkWV JH LOHFRQGXFWRDUHORUV DLE YDORULDSURSLDWHFX UHVSHFWDUHDFRQGL LLORUGHOD,9 IV. 2. Detaliile constructive Art.29. 3HQWUXFRQVWUXF LDOLQLLORUHOHFWULFHDHULHQHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHVHXWLOL]HD] IDVFLFXOH de conductoare izolate torsadate. Fasciculele de conductoare torsadate sunt realizate dintr-un FRQGXFWRU GLQ R HO-DOXPLQLX  VDX DOLDMH GH DOXPLQLX  úL FRQGXFWRDUH GLQ DOXPLQLX L]RODWH FX materiale plastice rezistente la intemperii. 19


PE 106 6H DGPLWH SHQWUX OXFU UL GH UHSDUD LL vQ ED]D XQRU MXVWLILF UL WHKQLFR-ecoQRPLFH úL XWLOL]DUHD FRQGXFWRDUHORU IXQLH GLQ DOXPLQLX QHL]RODWH LDU vQ ]RQHOH GH DPSODVDPHQW ,  úL FRQGXFWRDUHGLQR HO-aluminiu sau aliaje de aluminiu. 6H DGPLWH GH DVHPHQHD vQ ED]D XQRU MXVWLILF UL WHKQLFR-economice, utilizarea de conductoare neizolDWH RE LQXWH GLQ GRX  VXEFRQGXFWRDUH GLQ DOXPLQLX FRQGXFWRDUH MXPHODWH  GH DFHHDúLVHF LXQH&HOHGRX VXEFRQGXFWRDUHVHPDWLVHD] vPSUHXQ  Art.30. &RQGL LLOH WHKQLFH JHQHUDOH GLPHQVLXQLOH úL FDUDFWHULVWLFLOH IL]LFR-mecanice ale conductoarelor liniilor HOHFWULFH DHULHQH WUHEXLH V  FRUHVSXQG  VWDQGDUGHORU VDX QRUPHORU SURGXF WRULORU Art.31. 6HF LXQLOHPLQLPHDOHFRQGXFWRDUHORUGLQFRQVLGHUHQWHPHFDQLFHYRUIL a) conductoare izolate torsadate: - 35 mm2 , conductoare din aluminiu, pentru alimentarea consumatorilor; - 16 mm2 , conductoare din aluminiu, pentru alimentarea iluminatului public; - 50 mm2 , FRQGXFWRDUHGLQR HO-aluminiu sau aliaje de DOXPLQLXSHQWUXQXOXOSXUW WRU b) conductoare neizolate: - 35 mm2 , conductoare din aluminiu, pentru alimentarea FRQVXPDWRULORU ID]HúLQXO  - 25 mm2 , FRQGXFWRDUHGLQR HO-aluminiu sau aliaje de aluminiu, pentru alimentarea consumatorilor ID]DúLQXO  Art.32. Dimensionarea din punct de vedere electric a conductoarelor liniilor electrice DHULHQHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHVHIDFHFRQIRUPQRUPDWLYXOXL3( Art.33. %UDQúDPHQWHOHHOHFWULFHVHYRUUHDOL]DFRQIRUPQRUPDWLYXOXLSULYLQGSURLHFWDUHDúL H[HFXWDUHEUDQúDPHQWHORUSHQWUXFO GLULFLYLOH 3( 

20


PE 106 Tabelul 7.

Caracteristicile fizico-mecanice ale sârmelor componente ale conductoarelor funie pentru LEA. Caracteristici

2 HO categoria C

2 HO categoria B

Aliaje de aluminiu

Aluminiu

Material

Rezistivitatea HOHFWULF vQFXUHQW continuu la 20qC

Coeficientul GHWHPSHUDWXU DOUH]LVWHQ HL electrice qC-1

Greutatea YROXPLF  (greutatea VSHFLILF

kg/dm3

Coeficientul de dilatare WHUPLF OLQLDU qC-1

Modulul de elasticitate

5H]LVWHQ D la rupere

daN/mm2

daN/mm2

LEA

Standard

LEA existente

STAS 1248886

0,028264

0,004

2,7

2,3x10

5500

LEA noi

SR CEI 60889

< 0,028264

0,00403

2,703

2,3x10-5

(5500)

-

SR CEI 60104

0,032840 - tip A 0,032530 - tip B

0,0036

2,703

-5

2,3x10

(5500)

32,5 (tip A), 29,5 (tip B) (ISkQ ODPPLQFOXVLY

31,5 (tip A), 29,5 (tip B) (I peste 3,5 mm)

LEA existente

STAS 3732/1;2-85

0,2510 y 0,2493 (I 1,45 y 3,20 mm)

0,0045

7,85

1,15x10-5

19600

117,6

LEA noi

SR CEI 60888

-

-

7,78

1,15x10-5

(19600)

119,0 y 124,0 (I = 4,25y1,24 mm)

LEA existente

STAS 3732/1;2-85

0,2510 y 0,2493 (I 1,45 y 3,20 mm)

0,0045

7,85

1,15x10-5

19600

137,3

LEA noi

SR CEI 60888

-

-

7,78

1,15x10-5

(19600)

128,0 y 138,0 (I = 4,25y1,24 mm)

:xmm2/m

-5

18,5 y 17,3 (I = 1,85y2,50 mm) 17,3 y 16,4 (I = 2,50y4,00 mm) 18,5 y 17,5 (I = 1,85y2,50 mm) 17,0 y 16,5 (I = 2,50y3,50 mm)

1RW Valorile dintre paranteze nuVXQWSUHY ]XWHvQVWDQGDUGXOUHVSHFWLY

21


PE 106 V. STÂLPI 9*HQHUDOLW L Art.34. 6WkOSLL OLQLLORU HOHFWULFH DHULHQH VH FODVLILF  GLQ SXQFW GH YHGHUH IXQF LRQDO GXS  FXPXUPHD]  a) 6WkOSLGHVXV LQHUHXWLOL]D LSHQWUXVXV LQHUHDFRQGXFWRDUHORU b) Stâlpi de întindere,XWLOL]D LSHQWUXIL[DUHDFRQGXFWRDUHORUSULQvQWLQGHUH FDSXQFWHGHVSULMLQvQOXQJXOOLQLHLvQORFXULGHWHUPLQDWHGHFRQGL LLOHGHIXQF LRQDUHVDXGHPRQWDM c) Stâlpi terminali, XWLOL]D LSHQWUXIL[DUHDFRQGXFWRDUHORUSULQvQWLQGHUHODFDSetele liniei. 6WkOSLLGHVXV LQHUHúLvQWLQGHUHSRWILXWLOL]D LvQDOLQLDPHQWVDXvQFRO  Art.35. ÌQOLQLLOHHOHFWULFHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHVHXWLOL]HD] GHUHJXO VWkOSLGLQEHWRQDUPDW 6HDGPLWHúLXWLOL]DUHDVWkOSLORUGLQOHPQLPSUHJQDWVDXGLQPHWDO. Art.36. 6WkOSLLPHWDOLFLSUHFXPúLWRDWHFRQIHF LLOHPHWDOLFHDIHUHQWHXQXLVWkOSVH YRUSURWHMDvPSRWULYDDJHQ LORUFRURVLYLSULQ]LQFDUHFXUHVSHFWDUHDSUHYHGHULORULQVWUXF LXQLL 3.2. L I-I 224/2002 Art.37. Stâlpii de la puncteOHD E úLF SRWILXWLOL]D LSHQWUXPRQWDUHDXQXLVLQJXUFLUFXLW sau a mai multor circuite. Art.38. ÌQ FD]XO HFKLS ULL VWkOSLORU FX PDL PXOWH FLUFXLWH DFHVWHD SRW V  ILH GH DFHHDúL WHQVLXQHQRPLQDO VDXGHWHQVLXQLQRPLQDOHGLIHULWH Art.39. În ca]XO OLQLLORU FX WHQVLXQL QRPLQDOH GLIHULWH SH DFHODúL VWkOS HVWH QHFHVDU  YHULILFDUHDFRPSDWLELOLW LLGLQSXQFWGHYHGHUHHOHFWULFúLPHFDQLF V. 2. Dimensionare Art.40. 6WkOSLLVHGLPHQVLRQHD] SULQFDOFXOSHED]DvQF UF ULORUGHFDOFXOvQUHJLPQRUPal GHIXQF LRQDUHvQUHJLPGHDYDULHúLvQFRQGL LLOHGHPRQWDM LQkQGX-VHVHDPDGHWLSXOIXQF LRQDOúL FRQVWUXFWLYúLGLIHULWHLSRWH]HGHvQF UFDUH /DGLPHQVLRQDUHDVWkOSLORUVHDGPLWHRGHS úLUHDUH]LVWHQ HORUGHFDOFXOFXPD[LPXP Art.41. PentrX GLPHQVLRQDUHD VWkOSLORU vQ UHJLP QRUPDO GH IXQF LRQDUH VH FRQVLGHU  XUP WRDUHOHLSRWH]HGHFDOFXO „Vânt maxim perpendicular pe linie (I.1) a) SUHVLXQHDYkQWXOXLI U FKLFLXU  DUWG DF LRQkQGRUL]RQWDOvQGLUHF LDSHUSHQGLFXODU  pe axul liniei sau înGLUHF LDELVHFWRDUHLXQJKLXOXLOLQLHLDVXSUDVWkOSXOXLL]RODWRDUHORUúL FRQGXFWRDUHORUSHGHVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULGLQYkQW b) PDVD I U  FKLFLXU  D VWkOSXOXL L]RODWRDUHORU úL FRQGXFWRDUHORU DF LRQkQG YHUWLFDO SH GHVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULYHUWLFDOH DUW.b); c) WUDF LXQLOHRUL]RQWDOHvQFRQGXFWRDUHFRUHVSXQ] WRDUHSFWDUWGDF LRQkQGvQGLUHF LD bisectoarei unghiului liniei. „9kQWSHUSHQGLFXODUSHOLQLHVLPXOWDQFXGHSXQHULGHFKLFLXU (I.2) ,GHP,FXFKLFLXU  FRQGL LDGHODart.10..g pentruSFWÄD´úLÄF´UHVSHFWLYart.10..f pentru pct. „b”). „Vânt maxim , la 45q pe linie (I.3) ,GHP,YkQWXODF LRQkQGGXS RGLUHF LHVLWXDW ODqID GHDOLQLDPHQWXOOLQLHL sau bisectoarei unghiului liniei . 22


PE 106 Â&#x201E;Vânt la 45q pe liniHVLPXOWDQFXGHSXQHULGHFKLFLXU (I.4) ,GHP ,  FX  FKLFLXU    FRQGL LD  art.10.J  SHQWUX  SFW Ă&#x201E;D´  ĂşL  Ă&#x201E;F´ UHVSHFWLY  art.10.f pentru pct. â&#x20AC;&#x17E;bâ&#x20AC;?). Â&#x201E;'LIHUHQ DGHWUDF LXQHvQFRQGL LLGHGHSXQHULGHFKLFLXU (I.5) a) Ă&#x152;QF UF ULOHUH]XOWDWHGLQFRQVLGHUDUHDXQHLGLIHUHQ HGHvQWUHWUDF LXQLOH RUL]RQWDOH  DOH  WXWXURU  FRQGXFWRDUHORU  GLQ  SDQRXULOH  DGLDFHQWH vQ  FRQGL LD art.10.IDF LRQkQGvQGLUHF LDD[XOXLOLQLHL b) ,GHP,EvQFRQGL LDart.10.f ; c) ,GHP,FvQFRQGL LDart.10.f ; Â&#x201E;Vânt maxim perpendicular pe linie ĂŽn montaj terminal (I.6) a) Idem, I.1.a, b) Idem, I.1.b, c) Ă&#x152;QF UF ULOH  SURYHQLWH  GLQ  WUDF LXQLOH  RUL]RQWDOH  XQLODWHUDOH  DOH  WXWXURU FRQGXFWRDUHORUUHDOL]DWHvQFRQGL LDart.10.GDF LRQkQGvQGLUHF LDD[ului liniei. Â&#x201E;Vânt perpendicular SHOLQLHVLPXOWDQFXGHSXQHUHDGHFKLFLXU ĂŽn montaj terminal (I.7) ,GHP,FXFKLFLXU  FRQGL LDart.10.JSHQWUXSFWĂ&#x201E;D´ĂşLĂ&#x201E;F´UHVSHFWLYart.10.f pentru pct. â&#x20AC;&#x17E;bâ&#x20AC;?). Art.42. Pentru dimensionarea stâlpilor ĂŽn regim de avarie VH FRQVLGHU  XUP WRDUHOH ipoteze de calcul: Â&#x201E;5XSHUHDFRQGXFWRDUHORUvQFRQGL LLOHXQXLYkQWSHUSHQGLFXODUSHOLQLHVLPXOWDQFXGHSXQHUL GHFKLFLXU  $  Ă&#x152;QFD]XOLSRWH]HL$VHFRQVLGHU XUP WRDUHOHvQF UF UL x SURLHF LLOH vQF UF rilor orizontale, F DF LRQkQG vQ OXQJXO OLQLHL VDX SHUSHQGLFXODU SH bisectoarea unghiului liniei, rezultate din considerarea unor conductoare rupte numai SHQWUXVWkOSLLGHvQWLQGHUHĂşLDQXPH - VHFRQVLGHU UXSWXQVLQJXUFRQGXFWRULQGLIHUHQWGHQXP Uul de circuite; 2EVHUYD LL - vQF UF ULOHFVHDSOLF DVWIHOvQFkWV VHUHDOL]H]HFHOPDLPDUHPRPHQWGHvQFRYRLHUH sau de torsiune, - vQF UF ULOH UH]XOWDWH GLQ SUHVLXQHD YkQWXOXL FRQGL LD art.10.J  DF LRQkQG RUL]RQWDO vQ GLUHF LH SHUSHQGLFXODU  SH D[XOOLQLHLVDXvQGLUHF LDELVHFWRDUHLXQJKLXOXLOLQLHLDVXSUD VWkOSXOXLĂşLFRQGXFWRDUHORUSHGHVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULGLQYkQW - vQF UF ULOH YHUWLFDOH UH]XOWDWH GLQ PDVD FX FKLFLXU  D VWkOSXOXL L]RODWRDUHORU ĂşL FRQGXFWRDUHORUSHQWUXGHVFKLGHUHDODvQF UF ULYHUWLFDOH FRQGL LDart.10.f). - SURLHF LLOHSHELVHFWRDUHDXQJKLXOXLOLQLHLDvQF UF ULORUFRUHVSXQ] WRDUHFRQGXFWRDUHORU UXSWH SOXV vQF UF ULOH GLQ WUDF LXQLOH RUL]RQWDOH vQ FRQGXFWRDUH VDX ID]HOH FX FRQGXFWRDUHU PDVHQHUXSWHDF LRQkQGvQGLUHF LDELVHctoarei unghiului liniei, toate luate vQLSRWH]DGLQFRQGL LDart.10.g. Art.43. 3HQWUXWR LVWkOSLLVHYDFRQVLGHUDRvQF UFDUHQRUPDW VXSOLPHQWDU SURYHQLW GLQ JUHXWDWHDPRWRUXOXLĂşLDGLVSR]LWLYHORUGHPRQWDM6HUHFRPDQG YDORDUHDGHGD1 Se va  LQH  VHDPD  ĂşL  GH  vQF UF ULOH UH]XOWDWH GLQ JUHXWDWHD FRUSXULORU GH LOXPLQDW ĂşL DUP WXULORUQHFHVDUHPRQW ULLORU EUD HVXSRU LEU ULĂşD 

23


PE 106 Art.44. ,SRWH]HOHGHFDOFXOSUH]HQWDWHPDLVXVVHYRUDSOLFDGLIHULWHORUWLSXULIXQF LRQDOHGH stâlpi, conform tabelului 8. Art.45.  /D GLPHQVLRQDUHD VWkOSLORU OLQLLORU GH IRORVLQ  FRPXQ  FX OLQLL GH DOWH WHQVLXQL OLQLLGHWHOHFRPXQLFD LLWUDQVSRUWvQFRPXQĂşD VHYRUFRQVLGHUDSHOkQJ vQF UF ULOHLQGLFDWHPDL VXVĂşLvQF UF ULOHVXSOLPHQWDUHGDWRUate circuitelor cu care este ĂŽn comun linia. 9DORULOHvQF UF ULORUVXSOLPHQWDUHYRUILSUHOXDWHGHODIDFWRULLFDUHPRQWHD] ĂşLH[SORDWHD]  LQVWDOD LDUHVSHFWLY  Art.46. 3HQWUXSURLHFWDUHDVWkOSLORUPHWDOLFLFX] EUHOHVDXWXEXODUL FXVHF LXQHFLUFXODU  VDXSROLJRQDO GHEHWRQVDXGHOHPQVHYRUOXDvQFRQVLGHUDUHvQF UF ULOHGHFDOFXOGHWHUPLQDWH FRQIRUPDUWĂşLLSRWH]HORUGHvQF UFDUHSUHFL]DWHODFDSLWROXO9FXOXDUHDvQFRQVLGHUDUHDXQRU GHVFKLGHUL OD vQF UF UL GLQ YkQW Dv ĂşL OD vQF UF UL YHUWLFDOH Dg FRUHVSXQ] WRDUH GRPHQLXOXL GH utilizare a stâlpilor respectivi. Art.47. &DOFXOXOGLPHQVLRQDUHDDOF WXLUHDFRQVWUXFWLY ĂşLDOHJHUHDPDWHULDOXOXLĂşLYDORULOH UH]LVWHQ HORUGHFDOFXOSHQWUXVWkOSLLFX] EUHOHYRUILvQFRQIRUPLWDWH cu prevederile â&#x20AC;&#x153;Metodologiei pentru dimensionarea stâlpilor metalici ai liniilor electrice aeriene â&#x20AC;&#x201C; PE 105â&#x20AC;?. Art.48.  'HSODV ULOH OD YkUI OLPLW  DGPLVH DOH VWkOSLORU WXEXODUL FX VHF LXQH FLUFXODU  VDX SROLJRQDO SULQDSOLFDUHDvQF UF ULORUQRUPDWHVXQt: x GLQOXQJLPHDVWkOSXOXLvQFD]XOVWkOSLORUGHVXV LQHUHĂşLVXV LQHUHvQFRO  x GLQOXQJLPHDVWkOSXOXLvQFD]XOVWkOSLORUGHvQWLQGHUHDQFRUD LĂşLWHUPLQDOL /DVWkOSLLPHWDOLFLFX] EUHOHGHSODV ULOHODYkUIQXVHQRUPHD]  Art.49.  6HF LXQLOH RUL]RQWDOH DOH VWkOSLORU WXEXODUL FX VHF LXQH FLUFXODU  VDX SROLJRQDO  DIHFWDWHGHFRQVROHFRURQDPHQWVDXDQFRUHYRUILYHULILFDWHVWDWLFĂşLvQW ULWHFRUHVSXQ] WRU -RQF LXQLOH SULQ SHWUHFHUH YRU WUHEXL V  DLE  OXQJLPHD SHWUHFHULORU GH FHO SX LQ 5 x GLDPHWUXOPHGLDQFHOPDLGHMRVGLQWUHFHOHGRX SHWUHFHUL Art.50. )HUHVWUHOHVWkOSLORUWXEXODUL FXVHF LXQHFLUFXODU VDXSROLJRQDO SUDFWLFDWHvQVFRS WHKQRORJLFVHYRUSURWHMDFRUHVSXQ] WRUvPSRWULYDS WUXQGHULLDSHL Art.51. Proiectarea stâlSLORU GLQ EHWRQ DUPDW ĂşL EHWRQ SUHFRPSULPDW VH IDFH FRQIRUP normativului PE 104, iar a stâlpilor de lemn se vor face ĂŽn conformitate cu prevederile â&#x20AC;&#x153;Ă&#x17D;ndrumarului pentru calculul stâlpilor de lemn ai liniilor aeriene de medie tensiuneâ&#x20AC;? - 1.LIIp.4/16.-2000. Tabelul 8. ,SRWH]HOHGHFDOFXODOHGLIHULWHORUWLSXULIXQF LRQDOHGHVWkOSL 7LSXOIXQF LRQDODOVWkOSXOXL

Nr. crt. 1.

6XV LQHUH

2. 3.

Ă&#x17D;ntindere Terminal

*UXSDUHDGHvQF UF UL )XQGDPHQWDO 6SHFLDO (Regim normal) (Regim de avarie) Ipoteza de calcul

Echipat cu izolatoare de suspensie I.1, I.2, I.3 , I.4 ODQ XULGHL]RODWRDUH

I.1, I.2, I.5 I.6, I.7

A A 24


PE 106

VI.

)81'$ ,,

Art.52.  )XQGD LLOH VWkOSLORU GLQ OLQLLOH HOHFWULFH DHULHQH GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH VH UHDOL]HD]  vQ XUP WRDUHOHYDULDQWH a) IXQGD ii burate; b) IXQGD LLWXUQDWH c) IXQGD LLSUHIDEULFDWH a) )XQGD LLOHEXUDWHVHUHDOL]HD] FXVWUDWXULVXFFHVLYHGHFPS PkQWELQHFRPSDFWDW b) )XQGD LLOHWXUQDWHVHUHDOL]HD] FXEHWRQWXUQDWvQJURDSDGHIXQGD LHvQMXUXOVWkOSXOXLĂşL pot fi poligonale, tip pahar sau forate injectate. c) )XQGD LLOHSUHIDEULFDWHVHUHDOL]HD] FXHOHPHQWHGHEHWRQDUPDWSUHIDEULFDW ULJOHVDX coloane). Art.53. &DOFXOXOGHGLPHQVLRQDUHDIXQGD LLORUVHIDFHSHED]DvQF UF ULORUGHFDOFXODYkQG vQYHGHUHIXQF LDVWkOSXOXLFRQIRUPnormativului PE 152. VII.

ANCORE

Art.54. 6WDELOLUHDVDUFLQLLGHUXSHUHDFDEOXOXLGHDQFRU VHIDFHSHED]DQRUPDWLYXOXL3( DYkQGvQYHGHUHXQFRHILFLHQWGHVLJXUDQ FXYDORDUHDGHvQUHJLPQRUPDOGHIXQF LRQDUHĂşL cu valoarea 2,0 ĂŽn regim de avarie. Tabelul 9. &DEOXULOHGHFRQVWUXF LHVLPSO (STAS 1513/80, clasa157,0 daN/mm2, 160kgf/mm2)

Tipul ancorei

VLPSO

0 ULPHD Diametrul ancorei cablului

Aria VHF LXQLL sârmelor

([HFX LD

1XP UXO de fire

Diametrul unui fir

Sarcina de rupere

Masa

(kN)

(mm)

(mm2)

-

(mm)

(daN)

(kg/km)

25

9

48,35

19

1,8

6900

0,399

40 60

11 14

72,20 116,99

19 19

2,2 2,8

10300 16800

0,598 0,965

Art.55. Ă&#x152;QVLWXD LDvQFDUHVWkOSXOFDUHVHDQFRUHD] HVWHGHEHWRQWRDWHDUP WXULOH metaliFHLQFOXVLYDQFRUDVHOHDJ ODSUL]DGHS PkQWDVWkOSXOXL Art.56. Ă&#x152;QVLWXD LDvQFDUHVWkOSXOHVWHGHOHPQ L]RODWID GHS PkQW ĂşLQXHVWH SUHY ]XWFXSUL] GHS PkQWVHYRUPRQWDL]RODWRULGHDQFRU 

25


PE 106 VIII.

ACCESORII PENTRU LINIILE ELECTRICE AERIENE

Art.57.  /LQLLOH HOHFWULFH DHULHQH GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH FX IDVFLFXOH GH FRQGXFWRDUH L]RODWH WRUVDGDWHVHUHDOL]HD] FXDUP WXULVSHFLDOH DFFHVRULL QHFHVDUHPRQW ULLIDVFLFXOHORUSHVWkOSLVDX SHID DGHOHFO GLULORU$FFHVRULLOHWUHEXLHV FRUHVSXQG VWDQGDUGHORUVDXQRUPHORUGHSURGXV Art.58. $FFHVRULLOH DUP WXULFRQVROHVXSRUWXULEU ULúD VHGLPHQVLRQHD] GLQSXQFW de vedere mecanic, prin calcul. 6DUFLQLOHGHFDOFXOQRPLQDOHVHGHWHUPLQ SULQDGRSWDUHDXQui coeficient de 50% din sarcina GHUXSHUHPHFDQLF PLQLP  &OHPHOH GH OHJ WXU  HOHFWULF  úL FOHPHOH GH OHJ WXU  HOHFWULF  úL PHFDQLF  WUHEXLH V  FRUHVSXQG FRQGL LLORULPSXVHGH65(1 Art.59. În cazul liniilor cu conductoare neizolate, pentru montarea conductoarelor pe stâlpi VH XWLOL]HD]  FRQVROHEU ULVXSRUWXULúLL]RODWRDUH$FHVWHDFFHVRULLVHGLPHQVLRQHD] FRQIRUP DUW)L[DUHDFRQGXFWRDUHORUQHL]RODWHSHL]RODWRDUHVHH[HFXW SULQPDWLVDUH OHJ WXU vQFUXFH OD VXV LQHUHúLFXcleme sau matisare la întindere. Art.60. $FFHVRULLOHOLQLLORUHOHFWULFHDHULHQHGHMRDV WHQVLXQH FRQVROHVXSRUWXULDUP WXUL úD WUHEXLHV ILHSURWHMDWHSULQ]LQFDUH Art.61. /LQLLOHHOHFWULFHDHULHQHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHVHSUHY GFXHOHPHQWHSHQWUu realizarea LOXPLQDWXOXLSXEOLFVWUDGDOFLUFXLWHHOHFWULFHFRUSXULGHLOXPLQDWDFFHVRULLSXQFWHGHDSULQGHUHúD IX.

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IX. 1. Linii cu conductoare izolate torsadate Art.62. Montarea fasciculelor GH FRQGXFWRDUH L]RODWH WRUVDGDWH VH IDFH vQ IXQF LH GH FRQGL LLOHFRQFUHWHGLQWHUHQ a) pe stâlpi; b) SHID HWHOHFO GLULORU IDVFLFXOSR]DWVDXvQWLQV  Art.63.  0RQWDUHD IDVFLFXOHORU SH VWkOSL VDX SH ID DGHOH FO GLULORU VH IDFH FX FOHPH úL DUP WXULVSHFLDOGestinate acestui scop. Art.64. 'LVWDQ DPLQLP SHYHUWLFDO GHODIDVFLFXOXOWRUVDGDWPRQWDWSHVWkOSLvQSXQFWXOGH V JHDW PD[LP ODVROWUHEXLHV ILHGHPFXH[FHS LDSRU LXQLORUVSHFLDOHGHOLQLHXQGHVHYRU respecta prevederile de la cap.XI. Art.65. 0RQWDUHDIDVFLFXOHORUSHID HWHOHFO GLULORUVHYDUHDOL]DFXUHVSHFWDUHDXUP WRDUHORU FRQGL LL - SHUH LL WUHEXLH V  ILH GLQ PDWHULDOH QHFRPEXVWLELOH úL UH]LVWHQ L GLQ SXQFW GH YHGHUH mecanic; - vQFD]XOIDVFLFXOXOXLvQWLQVSXQFWHOHGHVXV LQHUHD fasciculului vor fi astfel alese încât V VHUHVSHFWHJDEDULWHOHPLQLPLPSXVHODVROFRQIRUPDUWúLFDS;, - vQFD]XOIDVFLFXOXOXLSR]DWGLVWDQ DGHODIDVFLFXOODVROYDGHPLQLPXPP - GLVWDQ DGHODIDVFLFXOODSHUHWHOHFO GLULLVDXDOWHHOHPHQWHDOHFO GLULLYDILGHFLUFD FPvQFD]XOIDVFLFXOXOXLvQWLQVúLFPvQFD]XOIDVFLFXOXOXLSR]DW 26


PE 106 -

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IX. 2. Linii cu conductoare neizolate Art.66.  &RQGXFWRDUHOH YRU IL PRQWDWH vQ GLVSR]L LH RUL]RQWDO  FRURQDPHQW RUL]ontal); ĂŽn FD]XULMXVWLILFDWHVHDGPLWHĂşLGLVSR]L LDYHUWLFDO  FRURQDPHQWYHUWLFDO  Art.67. Indiferent de tipul coronamentului (orizontal sau vertical), conductoarele se vor DPSODVDGXS FXPXUPHD]  a) FRQGXFWRDUHOHGHID] DOHFLUFXLWXOXL FLUFXLWHORU GHXWLOL] ULFDVQLFHVHGLVSXQvQSDUWHD dinspre case; b) FRQGXFWRUXOGHQXOVHGLVSXQHvQSDUWHDGHMRVDFRURQDPHQWXOXLOkQJ VWkOS c) FRQGXFWRUXO FRQGXFWRDUHOH  GH LOXPLQDW SXEOLF VH GLVSXQH SH SDUWHD GLQVSUH VWUDG  D coronamentului. Art.68. ConductorulGHQXOVHYDPRQWDGHUHJXO GLUHFWSHFRQVRO VDXSHEU DU  I U  izolator) prin intermediul unei cleme. Ă&#x17D;n cazul ĂŽn care se vor folosi izolatoare, se va executa un inel GHUHFXQRDĂşWHUHOkQJ ILHFDUHL]RODWRUGHQXO Art.69.  'LVWDQ D PLQLP  vQWUH FRnductoarele neizolate (d), ĂŽn punctele de prindere, pe RUL]RQWDO  VDX SH YHUWLFDO  LQGLIHUHQW GH WLSXO  FRURQDPHQWXOXL VDX GH ]RQD PHWHRURORJLF  VH GHWHUPLQ FXUHOD LD

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Art.70. 'LVWDQ DGLQWUHFRQGXFWRDUHĂşLVWkOSVDXRULFHDOWHOHPHQWOHJDWODS PkQWWUHEXLHV  fie minimum 5 cm. Art.71. 'LVWDQ DPLQLP SHYHUWLFDO GHODFRQGXFWRDUHvQSXQFWXOGHV JHDW PD[LP ĂşL VXSUDID DVROXOXLWUHEXLHV DLE XUP WRDUHOHYDORUL - PvQ]RQHOHFXFLUFXOD LHIUHFYHQW  - PvQ]RQHOHFXFLUFXOD LHUHGXV  - PvQ]RQHOHJUHXDFFHVLELOHSHQWUXRDPHQL GHH[HPSOXSDQWHDEUXSWHPODĂşWLQLHWH . )DFH[FHS LHSRU LXQLOHVSHFLDOHXQGHVHYRUUHVSHFWDSUHYHGHULOHGLQFDS;, IX. 3. Linii FXGRX VDXPDLPXOWHFLUFXLWH

Art.72.  /LQLLOHHOHFWULFH DHULHQH GH MRDV  WHQVLXQHFX PDL PXOWHFLUFXLWH VH SRW UHDOL]D vQ variantele: a) cu conductoare izolate torsadate; b) cu conductoare neizolate; c) FXXQFLUFXLWFXFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWHWRUVDGDWHĂşLXQFLUFXLWFXFRQGXFWRDUHQHL]RODWH

27


PE 106 Art.73. /LQLLOHHOHFWULFHFXGRX FLUFXLWHFXFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWHWRUVDGDWHVHUHDOL]HD] FX UHVSHFWDUHDFRQGL LLORUGHOD,;)DVFLFXOHOHVHSRWPRQWDSHDFHHDúLSDUWHDVWkOSXOXLVDXGHR SDUWHúLGHDOWDDOXL 'LVWDQ DGLQWUHIDVFLFXOHQXVHQRUPHD]  Art.74.  /LQLLOH HOHFWULFH FX GRX  FLUFXLWH FX FRQGXFWRDUH QHL]RODWH VH UHDOL]HD]  FX UHVSHFWDUHDFRQGL LLORUGHOD,;FXXUP WRDUHOHSUHFL] UL - FLUFXLWXOSHQWUXXWLOL] ULFDVQLFHVHGLVSXQHSHSDUWHDGLQVSUHORFXLQ H - FRQGXFWRUXO FRQGXFWRDUHOH GHQXOVHGLVSXQHvQSDUWHDGHMRVDFRURQDPHQWXOXLOkQJ  stâlp. Art.75. În cazul liniilor cu un circuit cu conductoare izolate WRUVDGDWH úL XQ FLUFXLW FX FRQGXFWRDUHQHL]RODWHGLVWDQ DPLQLP vQWUHFHOHGRX FLUFXLWHSHRUL]RQWDO VDXSHYHUWLFDO YDIL de 30 cm. Art.76.  'LPHQVLRQDUHD HOHPHQWHORU OLQLHL FX PDL PXOWH FLUFXLWH VH IDFH LQkQG VHDPD GH vQF UF ULOHSURGXVHGHWRDte circuitele. IX. 4. Linii DHULHQHFXVWkOSLFRPXQLSHQWUXMRDV úLPHGLHWHQVLXQH Art.77. &LUFXLWXOGHMRDV WHQVLXQHVHPRQWHD] VXEFLUFXLWXOGHPHGLHWHQVLXQH'LVWDQ DSH VWkOSvQWUHHOHPHQWHOHOLQLHLGHPHGLHúLMRDV WHQVLXQHYDILGHPLQLPXP1,5 m. Art.78. /LQLDHOHFWULF GHPHGLHWHQVLXQHYDUHVSHFWDFRQGL LLOHLPSXVHGHQRUPDWLYXO3( 104, cap. XV.3 tabelul 23.c. Art.79.  'LVWDQ D SH YHUWLFDO  vQWUH FRQGXFWRUXO LQIHULRU DO OLQLHL GH PHGLH WHQVLXQH OD FRQGL LDGHV JHDW PD[LP úLFRQGXFWRUXOVXSHULRUDOOLQLHLGHMRDV WHQVLXQHYDILGHPLQLPXP PGDF GHVFKLGHUHDGLQWUHVWkOSLHVWHPDLPLF VDXHJDO FXPúLGHPGDF GHVFKLGHUHD este mai mare de 40 m. IX. 5. Linii DHULHQHSHVWkOSLFRPXQLFXDOWHLQVWDOD LL

Art.80. LLQLLOHHOHFWULFHDHULHQHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHSRWILUHDOL]DWHSHVWkOSLvQFRPXQFXDOWH LQVWDOD LL WHOHFRPXQLFD LLWHOHIRQLHUDGLRILFDUHWHOHYL]LXQHSULQFDEOXWUDQVSRUWXOvQFRPXQúD  Utilizarea în comun a stâlpilor pentru linii de energie electric WUDF LXQHWHOHFRPXQLFD LLúD se face în conformitate cu prevederile SR 831/2002. Art.81.  'LPHQVLRQDUHD VWkOSLORU XWLOL]D L vQ FRPXQ VHIDFH LQkQG VHDPD úL GH vQF UF ULOH rezultate de la toate circuitele montate pe stâlp. Art.82. Realizarea liniiORU DHULHQH GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH FX LQVWDOD LL SHQWUX WUDQVSRUWXO vQ FRPXQ WUDPYDLWUROHLEX] VHIDFHFXUHVSHFWDUHDXUP WRDUHORUFRQGL LL - ODGLPHQVLRQDUHDVWkOSLORUVH LQHVHDPDúLGHvQF UF ULOHGDWRUDWHLQVWDOD LLORUGHWUDQVSRUW în comun; - GHUHJXO FLUFXLWHOHGHHQHUJLHHOHFWULF VHGLVSXQSHVWkOSSHSDUWHDRSXV LQVWDOD LLORUGH transport în comun; - GLVWDQ HOHSHVWkOSvQWUHFLUFXLWHVXQWUHJOHPHQWDWHvQ65 - WUROHLEX]HOHWUHEXLHV ILHSUHY ]XWHFXOLPLWDWRUGHFXUV FDUHV UH LQ FDSWDWRDrele la GHFRQHFWDUHDDFFLGHQWDO DDFHVWRUDGHODOLQLDGHFRQWDFW 28


PE 106

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Art.83. ÌQYHGHUHDP ULULLVLJXUDQ HLvQIXQF LRQDUHDOLQLHLúLSHQWUXSURWHMDUHDLQVWDOD LLORU FRQVWUXF LLORUúDVLWXDWHvQYHFLQ WDWHSUHFXPúLSHQWUXSURWHMDUHDRDPHQLORUúLDQLPDOHORUFDUHSRW YHQLvQFRQWDFWFXS U LDOHOLQLHLSXVHvQPRGDFFLGHQWDOVXEWHQVLXQHvQOLQLLOHHOHFWULFHDHULHQHVH YRUOXDP VXULGHVLJXUDQ úLSURWHF LH Art.84. 3ULQP VXULGHVLJXUDQ VHvQ HOHJHDGRSWDUHDXQRUVROX LLWHKQLFHFDUHV FRQGXF  ODFUHúWHUHDVLJXUDQ HLvQIXQF LRQDUHDOLQLHL $FHVWHVROX LLWHKQLFHVXQWXUP WRDUHOH „VLJXUDQ P ULW – VHYRUDGRSWDXUP WRDUHOHP VXUL - stâlpii vor fi de întindere; - VHYRUUHDOL]DOHJ WXULGHvQWLQGHUH - dHVFKLGHUHDQXYDGHS úL din valoarea deschiderii calculate (minimul dintre GHVFKLGHUHDQRPLQDO GHVFKLGHUHDODYkQWúLGHVFKLGHUHDODVDUFLQLYHUWLFDOH  - LQWHU]LFHUHD vQQ GLULLFRQGXFWRDUHORU vQFD]XOIDVFLFXOHORUGHFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWH torsadate se LQWHU]LFHvQQ GLUHDQXOXOXLSXUW WRU „VLJXUDQ – VHYRUDGRSWDXUP WRDUHOHP VXUL - GHVFKLGHUHDQXYDGHS úL din valoarea deschiderii calculate (minimul dintre GHVFKLGHUHDQRPLQDO GHVFKLGHUHDODYkQWúLGHVFKLGHUHDODVDUFLQLYHUWLFDOH  - interzicerHD vQQ GLULLFRQGXFWRDUHORUvQFD]XOIDVFLFXOHORUGHFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWH WRUVDGDWHVHLQWHU]LFHvQQ GLUHDQXOXOXLSXUW WRU Art.85. 3ULQP VXULGHSURWHF LHVHvQ HOHJHDGRSWDUHDXQRUVROX LLWHKQLFHFDUHV FRQGXF  ODSURWHF LDvPSRWULYDHOHFWURFXW ULL: - vQ OLQLLOH HOHFWULFH DHULHQH GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH VH IRORVHúWH SURWHF LD SULQ OHJDUH OD QXO FRQIRUP67$6úL67$6 - SURWHF LD OD VXSUDVDUFLQL HOHFWULFH VDX VFXUWFLUFXLWH VH UHDOL]HD]  FRQIRUP SUHVFULS LHL 1 RE – Ip 45/90 în baza calculelor efectuate conform PE 134-2/96; - DUP WXULOHPHWDOLFHGHSHVWkOS FRQVROHVXSRU LEU ULFkUMHDQFRUHúD VHYRUOHJDOD FRQGXFWRUXOGHQXO)DFH[FHS LHDUP WXULOHSHQWUXPRQWDUHDIDVFLFXOHORUGHFRQGXFWRDUH L]RODWHWRUVDGDWH DUP WXULWLMHVXSRU LúD ODFDUHSULQFRQVWUXF LHVHUHDOL]HD] L]RODUH VXSOLPHQWDU GHSURWHF LH - vQFD]XOXWLOL] ULLXQRUFOHPHGHvQWLQGHUHSHQWUXIL[DUHDIDVFLFXOHORUGHFRQGXFWRDUH L]RODWHWRUVDGDWHFHQHFHVLW GH]L]RODUHDFRQGXFWRUXOXLGHQXOFOHPele se vor lega ODSUL]DGHS PkQWDIHUHQW VWkOSXOXLUHVSHFWLYSULQWU-XQFRUGRQGHOHJ WXU GH DFHLDúLVHF LXQHúLPDWHULDOFDDOQXOXOXLSXUW WRUSULQLQWHUPHGLXOXQRUSDSXFLGH OHJ WXU  Art.86. Stâlpii liniilor aeriene vRUILSUHY ]X LFXLQGLFDWRDUHGHLGHQWLILFDUHúLLQGLFDWRDUH GHVHFXULWDWHFRQIRUPQRUPDWLYXOXL3(úL67$6 Art.87.  /D OLQLLOH HOHFWULFH DHULHQH GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH VH YD DVLJXUD SURWHF LD vPSRWULYD supratensiunilor atmosferice, conform prescrLS LHL/M-I 85/2002.

29


PE 106

XI.

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30


PE 106

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31


PE 106

7UDYHUV ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHGUXPXULOHGLQDIDUDORFDOLW LORU

Tabelul 11.

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32


PE 106

Fig. 4.E 'UXPXULVLWXDWHvQDIDUDORFDOLW LORU ;,Ă&#x152;QFUXFLĂş UL ĂşLDSURSLHULID GH/($

Art.96. Ă&#x152;QFUXFLĂş ULOH ĂşL DSURSLHULOH ID  GH /($ FX WHQVLXQHD SHVWH  V se vor trata FRQIRUPQRUPDWLYXOXL3(Âł1RUPDWLYSHQWUXFRQVWUXF LDOLQLLORUDHULHQHGHHQHUJLHHOHFWULF FX tensiunea peste 1000 Vâ&#x20AC;? . Art.97. Ă&#x152;QFUXFLĂş ULOH ĂşL DSURSLHULOH ID  GH /($ FX WHQVLXQHD VXE  9 VH YRU WUDWD conform tabelului 12. Tabelul 12. Ă&#x152;QFUXFLĂş ULĂşLDSURSLHULvQWUH/($FXWHQVLXQLPDLPLFLVDXHJDOHFXY Tipul liniei

'LVWDQ DPLQLP  (m) Traversare Apropiere 0,05 0,3 0,3 0,5

/LQLDFDUHWUDYHUVHD] /LQLDWUDYHUVDW Conductoare izolate torsadate Conductoare izolate torsadate Conductoare izolate torsadate Conductoare neizolate Conductoare neizolate Conductoare izolate torsadate Conductoare neizolate Conductoare neizolate 1RW $FHVWHGLVWDQ HVHYRUUHVSHFWDĂşLSHQWUXPDLPXOWHFLUFXLWHGHMRDV WHQVLXQHPRQWDWHSHDFHODĂşLVWkOS

33


PE 106 $UW /($ GH MRDV  WHQVLXQH SH VWkOSL FRPXQL FX PHGLH WHQVLXQH VH UHDOL]HD]  FX UHVSHFWDUHDXUP WRDUHORUSUHYHGHUL FRQIRUP3(  a) /LQLDFXWHQVLXQHPDLPDUHVHYDPRQWDGHDVXSUDOLQLHLFXWHQVLXQHPDLPLF  b) LEA de medie tHQVLXQHVHYDUHDOL]DFXOHJ WXULGXEOHFXL]RODWRDUHQHVWU SXQJLELOH c) &RQGXFWRDUHOH OLQLHL GH PHGLH WHQVLXQH VH YRU vQWLQGH SHQWUX vQF UF UL QRUPDWH FX WUDF LXQHDGHPD[LPXPGLQUH]LVWHQ DGHUXSHUHDFRQGXFWRUXOXL d) Se va prevede deconectarea autoPDW  OD SXQHUL VLPSOH OD S PkQW D OLQLHL GH PHGLH tensiune. e) $UP WXULOHPHWDOLFHDOHWXWXURUVWkOSLORUVHYRUOHJDODFRQGXFWRUXOGHQXO f) 'LVWDQ D PLQLP  SH YHUWLFDO  vQWUH FRQGXFWRUXO LQIHULRU DO OLQLHL GH PHGLH WHQVLXQH OD â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 5q FXFKLFLXU ĂşLFRQGXFWRUXOVXSHULRUDOOLQLHLGHMRDV WHQVLXQHODâ&#x20AC;&#x201C; 5q I U FKLFLXU YDILGH PGDF GHVFKLGHUHDvQWUHVWkOSLHVWHPDLPLF VDXHJDO FXPĂşLGHPGDF GHVFKLGHUHDHVWH mai mare de 40 m.

;,7UDYHUV UL ĂşLDSURSLHULID GHFRQGXFWH Art.99. Conductele metalice sau din beton armat pot fi: x Conducte supraterane; x Conducte subterane; &RQGXFWHOHGLQSROLHWLOHQ VXQWQXPDLFRQGXFWHVXEWHUDQH Ă&#x152;QIXQF LHGHIOXLGXOWUDQVSRUWDWFRQGXFWHOHSRWIL x Conducte cu fluide neinflamabile; x Conducte cu fluide combustibile, inflamabile sau gaze naturale. Art.100. /D WUDYHUVDUHD ĂşL DSURSLHUHD /($ ID  GH FRQGXFWHOH VXSUDWHUDQH VH YRU UHVSHFWD prevederile din tabelul 13.a. Art.101. /D WUDYHUVDUHD ĂşL DSURSLHUHD ID  GH FRQGXFWHOH VXEWHUDQH VH YRU UHVSHFWD prevederile din tabelul 13.b. Art.102. $UP WXULOHPHWDOLFHVXSUDWHUDQHDOHFRQGXFWHORU URELQHWHUHIXODWRDUHYDQHĂşD  vor fi tratate ca elemente ale conductelor.

34


PE 106

Tabelul 13.a. 7UDYHUV ULĂşLDSURSLHULGHFRQGXFWHVXSUDWHUDQH 75$9(56 5, 0 VXULOHGH VLJXUDQ

Tipul conductei ConductĂŁ suprateranĂŁ de fluide neinflamabile ConductĂŁ ConductĂŁ suprateranĂŁ de magistralĂŁ fluide de transport inflamabile ConductĂŁ de sau gaze naturale GLVWULEX LH

'LVWDQ DPLQLP SH RUL]RQWDO vQWUHD[XOOLQLHLĂşL peretele conductei

2m

D  Hst

Hst

186($'0,775$9(56 5, 7UDYHUV ULOHVHUHDOL]HD] GHFRPXQDFRUGvQWUHXQLW LOHFDUH DGPLQLVWUHD] OLQLDĂşLFRQGXFWD*)

APROPIERI. 0 VXUDGHVLJXUDQ

Tipul conductei ConductĂŁ suprateranĂŁ de fluide neinflamabile ConductĂŁ suprateranĂŁ de fluide inflamabile sau gaze naturale ConductĂŁ suprateranĂŁ de fluide neinflamabile ConductĂŁ suprateranĂŁ de fluide inflamabile sau gaze naturale

D ! Hst

*)

³6LJXUDQ D´

'LVWDQ HOHPLQLPH SHYHUWLFDO vQWUH SHRUL]RQWDO vQWUH conductorul inferior IXQGD LDVWkOSXOXLĂşL DO/($ĂşLFRQGXFW FRQGXFW

1XVHLDXP VXULGHVLJXUDQ 6H  YRU  OXD  P VXUL  GH  VLJXUDQ  VSHFLILFH  OLQLHL  VDX  OD  FRQGXFW  stabilite de comun acord ĂŽntre XQLW LOH FDUH  DGPLQLVWUHD]  OLQLD ĂşL conducta.

6HYRUDGRSWDP VXULGHVLJXUDQ VSHFLILFHDWkWODOLQLHFkWĂşLODFRQGXFW FDGHH[HPSOX  OLQLDVHYDUHDOL]DFXFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWHĂşLVHYRUOXDP VXULGHĂ&#x201E;VLJXUDQ ´  conduFWDVHYDOHJDODS PkQW  vQFD]XULREOLJDWHVHYRUPRQWDGLVSR]LWLYHGHJDUG 

Tabelul 13.b. 7UDYHUV ULĂşLDSURSLHULGHFRQGXFWHVXEWHUDQH

Tip conductĂŁ ConductĂŁ subteranĂŁ de fluide neinflamabile ConductĂŁ ConductĂŁ subteranĂŁ magistralĂŁ de fluide de transport inflamabile sau ConductĂŁ de gaze naturale GLVWULEX LH

'LVWDQ HPLQLPHSHRUL]RQWDOĂŁ vQWUHIXQGD LDFHOXLPDLDSURSLDW stâlp sau orice element al prizei GHS PkQWĂşLSHUHWHOHFRQGXFWHL 2m Ă&#x17D;Q O LPHDGHDVXSUDVROXOXLDFHOXLPDL ĂŽnalt stâlp din apropiere 5 m*)

MĂŁsuri de siguran ĂŁ Nu se iau mĂŁsuri de siguran ĂŁ Ă&#x201E;6LJXUDQ ´ Ă&#x201E;6LJXUDQ ´

35


PE 106 *)

$FHDVW   GLVWDQ   SRDWH  IL  UHGXV  vQ FD]XULREOLJDWH SkQ  OD  PFX DFRUGXO XQLW LLFDUH DGPLQLVWUHD]  conducta.

;,7UDYHUV ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHFRQVWUXF LLvQFDUHVHSUHOXFUHD]  GHSR]LWHD] VXEVWDQ H combustibile, inflamabile sau cu pericol de incendiu (explozie) Art.103. $FHVWH FRQVWUXF LL SRW IL GHSR]LWH vQFKLVH sau deschise de produse petroliere, EXWHOLLGHDUDJD]PDWHULDOOHPQRVPDWHULDOHLQIODPDELOH IXUDMHLQFkQHS ĂşD LQVWDOD LLGHIRUDMâ&#x20AC;&#x201C; H[WUDF LHGHSHWUROVDXJD]HQDWXUDOHSDUFXULGHVHSDUDWRDUH L HLUDILQ ULLVWD LL3(&2GHSR]LWHGH PXQL LLetc. Art.104. 6HLQWHU]LFHWUDYHUVDUHD/($SHVWHDFHVWHFRQVWUXF LL Art.105. 6HLQWHU]LFHDSURSLHUHDD[XOXL/($GHRULFHSDUWHDDFHVWRUFRQVWUXF LLODR GLVWDQ PDLPLF GHRULvQ O LPHDGHDVXSUDVROXOXLDFHOXLPDLvQDOWVWkOSGLQ]RQ  &D]XULOHREOLJDWHvQFDUHDFHDVW GLVWDQ QXVHSRDWHUHVSHFWDVHYDWUDWDGHFRPXQ DFRUGvQWUHXQLW LOHFDUHDGPLQLVWUHD] OLQLDĂşLFRQVWUXF LD ;,Ă&#x152;QFUXFLĂş ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHPLMORDFHOHGHWUDQVSRUW pe cablu suspendat Art.106. 0LMORDFHOHGHWUDQVSRUWSHFDEOXVXVSHQGDWVHvPSDUWvQXUP WRDUHOHFDWHJRULL - PLMORDFHGHWUDQVSRUWSHUVRDQH WHOHIHULFFDELQ WHOHVFDXQWHOHVFKL  - mijloace de transport materiale (funicular). Art.107. Traversarea LEA peste cablurile mijloacelor de transport pe cablu a persoanelor WHOHIHULFWHOHFDELQ WHOHVFDXQWHOHVFKL HVWHLQWHU]LV  6XEWUDYHUV ULOHVHYRUUHDOL]DGHFRPXQDFRUGFXRUJDQHOHFDUHDGPLQLVWUHD] LQVWDOD LD Art.108. Traversarea peste cablurile mijloaFHORU GH WUDQVSRUWDW PDWHULDOH HVWH SHUPLV  FX DFRUGXORUJDQHORUFDUHDGPLQLVWUHD] LQVWDOD LD 'LVWDQ DGHDSURSLHUHvQWUHD[XO/($ĂşLRULFHSDUWHDLQVWDOD LHLGHWUDQVSRUWSHFDEOXWUHEXLH V ILHPDLPDUHGHFkWvQ O LPHGHDVXSUDVROXOXLDFHOXLPDLvQDOt stâlp din zona de apropiere. ;,Ă&#x152;QFUXFLĂş ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHOLQLLOHGHWHOHFRPXQLFD LL

Art.109. Ă&#x152;QFUXFLĂş ULOH ĂşL DSURSLHULOH ID  GH OLQLLOH GH WHOHFRPXQLFD LL VH UHDOL]HD]  FX respectarea prevederilor din STAS 6290, SR 831/2002, STAS 1999-89ĂşL3( ;,Ă&#x152;QFUXFLĂş ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHOLQLLOHGHWUDPYDLĂşLWUROHLEX]

Art.110. Traversarea liniilor de contact pentru tramvai sau troleibuz se face cu LEA cu conductoare izolate torsadate, respectându-VHFRQGL LLOHGHÂłVLJXUDQ P ULW â&#x20AC;? . Art.111. 'LVWDQ D PLQLP  SH YHUWLFDO  ĂşL RUL]RQWDO  vQWUH FRQGXFWRDUHOH /($ OD V JHDW  PD[LP ĂşLOLQLDGHFRQWDFWWUHEXLHV ILHFRQIRUP67$6GHP Art.112. /DPRQWDUHDSHVWkOSLFRPXQLD/($ĂşLLQVWDOD LLORUGHWUDPYDLVDXWUROHLEX]VHYRU respecta prevederile din SR 831/2002. 36


PE 106

;,7UDYHUV ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHFXOWXULOHSHVSDOLHUHVDXvQJU GLULOHPHWDOLFH Art.113. La traversarea LEA peste zone cu culturi pe spaliere (metalice sau din beton armat) VDX SHVWH vQJU GLUL PHWDOLFH GLVWDQ D PLQLP  SH YHUWLFDO  vQWUH FRQGXFWRUXO LQIHULRU DO OLQLHL OD V JHDWDPD[LP ĂşLSDUWHDVXSHULRDU DVSDOLHUHORUVDXvQJU GLULLPHWDOLFHWUHEXLHV ILHGHP ;,7UDYHUV ULVDXDSURSLHULID GHFO GLUL

Art.114. 'XS GHVWLQD LHFO GLULOHVHvPpart ĂŽn: - FO GLULFLYLOHORFXLQ HPDJD]LQHĂşFROLVSLWDOHVHGLLDGPLQLVWUDWLYHVDXFXOWXUDOHĂşD - FO GLULLQGXVWULDOHIDEULFLDWHOLHUHGHSR]LWHĂşD

Art.115. Ă&#x152;QIXQF LHGHSHULFROXOGHLQFHQGLXFRQIRUPQRUPDWLYXOXL,'FO GLULOHVHvPSDUW ĂŽn cinci categorii. Art.116. 7UDYHUVDUHD SHVWH FO GLUL HVWH LQWHU]LV  FX H[FHS LD FO GLULORU FLYLOH FDUH SRW traversate de linii cu conductoare izolate torsadate, respectându-VH GLVWDQ HOH PLQLPH LQGLFDWH LQ figura 5. Art.117. $SURSLHUHDID GHFO GLULVHUHDOL]HD] vQIXQF LHGHFDWHJRULDGHSHULFRODFO GLULL GXS FXPXUPHD]  a) ID  GH FO GLULOH GH FDWHJRULLOH $ ĂşL % FX SHULFRO GH LQFHQGLX GLVWDQ D PLQLP  GH DSURSLHUHvQWUHD[XO/($ĂşLSHUHWHOHFO GLULLYDILGHRULvQ O LPHDGHDVXSUDVROXOXLDFHOXi mai ĂŽnalt stâlp din zona de apropiere; b) ID  GH FO GLULOH GH FDWHJRULLOH & ' ( ĂşL FO GLULOH FLYLOH VH YRU UHVSHFWD GLVWDQ HOH LQGLFDWH vQ ILJXUD  SHQWUX OLQLLOH FX FRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWHWRUVDGDWHĂşLvQILJSHQWUXOLQLLOHFX conductoare neizolate. DiVWDQ DSHRUL]RQWDO vQWUHXQVWkOSDO/($ĂşLRULFHSDUWHDXQHLFO GLULWUHEXLHV ILHGH minimum 1 m. Art.118. /LQLLOHFXFRQGXFWRDUHL]RODWHWRUVDGDWHVHSRWPRQWDSHSHUH LLFO GLULORUFLYLOHĂşL SHFO GLULOHLQGXVWULDOHGHFDWHJRULLOH&'ĂşL(UHspectându-VHGLVWDQ HOHPLQLPHGHDSURSLHUHOD GLIHULWHHOHPHQWHDOHFO GLULLLQGLFDWHvQILJXUD Art.119. Se interzice montarea fasciculelor de conductoare izolate torsadate pe elemente de FO GLUH GLQ PDWHULDOH FRPEXVWLELOH 6H DGPLWH PRQWDUHD QXPDL GDF  vQWUH IDVFLFXO ĂşL SHUHWHOH FRPEXVWLELOVHLQWHUSXQHXQPDWHULDOLQFRPEXVWLELOFDGHH[HPSOXVWUDWGHWHQFXLDO GHFHOSX LQ FPJURVLPHSO FX HGLQD]EHVWVDXD]ERFLPHQWHWF Art.120. 'HSR]LWHOH vQFKLVHVDXGHVFKLVH FXVXEVWDQ HFXSHULFROGHLQcendiu sau explozie, ca de exemplu: rezervoare cu produse petroliere, depozite de produse lemnoase, depozite de furaje ĂşDLQWU vQFDWHJRULD$VDX%

37


PE 106

1RW 6HLQWHU]LFHPRQWDUHDGHFRQGXFWRDUHvQ]RQDvQQHJULW

Fig. 5. 'LVWDQ HPLQLPHDGPLVLELOHODGLIHULWHHOHPHQWHDOHXQHLFO GLUL în cazul liniilor cu conductoare izolate torsadate

38


PE 106

1RW 6HLQWHU]LFHPRQWDUHDGHFRQGXFWRDUHvQ]RQDvQQHJULW

Fig. 6. 'LVWDQ HPLQLPHDGPLVLELOHODGLIHULWHHOHPHQWHDOHXQHLFO GLUL în cazul liniilor cu conductoare neizolate .

39


PE 106

;,7UDYHUV ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHSRGXULEDUDMHGLJXUL

Art.121. /D WUDYHUVDUHD ĂşL DSURSLHUHD /($ ID  GH SRGXUL SDVDMH GLJXUL EDUDMH VH YRU respecta urP WRDUHOHGLVWDQ HPLQLPH - 2,0 m ĂŽn cazul LEA cu conductoare neizolate; - 0,3 m ĂŽn cazul LEA cu conductoare izolate. 'LVWDQ HOH DWkW SH YHUWLFDO  FkW ĂşL SH RUL]RQWDO  VH P VRDU  OD V JHDW  VDX GHYLD LH PD[LP ODRULFHHOHPHQWDOFRQVWUXF LHL Se vor respeFWDWRWRGDW GLVWDQ HOHID GHGUXPXULSUHY ]XWHOD;, ;,7UDYHUV ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHDSH

Art.122. 3ULQ GHQXPLUHD GH DSH VHvQ HOHJ DSHOH FXUJ WRDUHGH VXSUDID  DSHOHVXEWHUDQH ODFXULOHĂşLE O LOHQDWXUDOHODFXULOHDUWLILFLDOH Art.123. 6H LQWHU]LFH WUDYHUVDUHD DSHORU FXUJ WRDUH ODFXULORU VDX FDQDOHORU QDYLJDELOH Ă&#x152;Q FD]XULOHREOLJDWH/($VHYRUUHDOL]DFXDFRUGXORUJDQHORUGHJRVSRG ULUHDDSHORUUHVSHFWkQGX-se o GLVWDQ PLQLP SHYHUWLFDO vQWUHFRQGXFWRUXOFHOPDLGHMRVDO/($ODV JHDW PD[LP ĂşLSRDUWDGH gabarit a navelor (vârful catargului) de 1m. &RQVWUXLUHDGH/($SHVWHDSHRULvQ]RQDGHSURWHF LHDDFHVWRUDVHIDFHQXPDLFXDFRUGXO RUJDQHORUGHJRVSRG ULUHDDSHORU +*  ;,7UDYHUV ULSULQSODQWD LLGHDUERULVDXS GXUL

Art.124. /D WUDYHUVDUHD SODQWD LLORU VDX S GXULORU VH YRU XWLOL]D FRQGXFWRDUHOH L]RODWH WRUVDGDWHQHILLQGQHFHVDUHFXORDUHGHGHIULĂşDUH6HYRUOXDP VXULFDIDVFLFXOXOGHFRQGXFWRDUHV  QXYLQ vQFRQWDFWFXFUHQJLOHDUERULORUSHQWUu a nu se produce deteriorarea lor. Ă&#x152;QFD]XOvQFDUHVXQWQHFHVDUHGHIULĂş ULVHYDOXDOHJ WXUDFXRUJDQHOHVLOYLFH

;,7UDYHUV ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHDHURSRUWXUL Art.125. Se interzice traversarea LEA peste aeroporturi. Apropierile se vor realiza cu avizul organelor specializate. ;,7UDYHUV ULĂşLDSURSLHULID GHWHUHQXULOHGHVSRUW

Art.126. 7UDYHUVDUHD /($ SHVWH WHUHQXULOH GH VSRUW HVWH LQWHU]LV  $SURSLHULOH VHYRUWUDWD de comun acord cu organele specializate.

40


PE 106

ANEXA 1 /(*,'(&5(7(+27 5Ă&#x2020;5,67$1'$5'(1250$7,9( REFERITOARE LA LINIILE ELECTRICE Ă&#x17D;N VIGOARE LA DATA (/$%25 5,,1250$7,98/8, Legea nr. 13 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 74: Legea nr. 37 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 75:

Legea drumurilor /HJHSULYLQGVLVWHPDWL]DUHDSURLHFWDUHDĂşLUHDOL]DUHD arterelor deFLUFXOD LHvQORFDOLW LOHXUEDQHĂşLUXUDOH Legea nr. 18 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 91: Legea fondului funciar Legea 137/95 /HJHDSURWHF LHLPHGLXOXL Legea 107/96 Legea Apelor. Legea 26/1996 Codul Silvic. /HJHD3ULYLQGFDOLWDWHDvQFRQVWUXF LL 2UGRQDQ D3/98 2UGRQDQ DSULYLQGHQHUJLDHOHFWULF ĂşLWHUPLF  2UGRQDQ D 2UGRQDQ DSULYLQGUHJLPXOMXULGLFDOGUXPXULORU Legea 18/91, Legea fondului funciar. UHSXEOLFDW vQ Decretul nr. 237 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 78: Decret pentru stabilirea normelor privind sistematizarea, DPSODVDUHDFRQVWUXLUHDĂşLUHSDUDUHDOLQLLORUFDUHWUHF SULQS GXULĂşLWHUHQXULDJULFROH SR 831 : Linii aeriene. Utilizarea ĂŽn comun a stâlpilor pentru linii GHHQHUJLHHOHFWULF GHWUDF LXQHĂşLWHOHFRPXQLFD Li SR CEI 38+A1/1997: 5H HOHHOHFWULFH7HQVLXQLQRPLQDOHĂşLDEDWHULDGPLVLELOH STAS 1999 /LQLLDHULHQHGHWHOHFRPXQLFD LL&DOFXOXOUH]LVWHQ HL PHFDQLFHĂşLGDWHFRQVWUXFWLYH STAS 2970 6WkOSLSUHIDEULFD LGLQEHWRQDUPDWĂşLEHWRQSUHFRPSULPDWSHQtru linii electrice aeriene SR CEI 61089 Conductoare pentru linii aeriene cu sârme rotunde, cablate ĂŽn starturi concentrice. SR CEI 60104 Sârme de aliaj de aluminiu â&#x20AC;&#x201C; magneziu â&#x20AC;&#x201C; siliciu pentru conductoarele liniilor aeriene. SR CEI 60888 6kUPHGHR HO]LQFDWSHQWUXFRQGXFWRDUHFDEODWH SR CEI 60889 6kUP GHDOXPLQLXWUDV ODUHFHvQVWDUHGHHFUXLVDUHWDUHSHQWUX STAS 6290 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 80: Ă&#x152;QFUXFLĂş ULvQWUHOLQLLGHHQHUJLHHOHFWULF ĂşLOLQLLGH WHOHFRPXQLFD LL STAS 7221 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 90: Acoperiri metalice. Acoperiri termice de zinc STAS 7222 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 90: Acoperiri metalice. Acoperiri electrochimice de zinc STAS 8074 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 76: Ă&#x152;QFUXFLĂş ULvQWUHOLQLLGHFRQWDFWSHQWUXWUDPYDLHĂşL troleibuze cu linii electrice aeriene STAS 10101/20-90: $F LXQLvQFRQVWUXF LL$F LXQHDYkQWXOXL STAS 12604 3URWHF LDvPSRWULYDHOHFWURFXW ULORU PE 104 / 1RUPDWLYSHQWUXFRQVWUXF LDOLQLLORUDHULHQHGH HQHUJLHHOHFWULF FXWHQVLXQLSHVWH9 41


PE 106 PE 107 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 95: PE 116 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 94: PE 122 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 82: ID 17 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 86: I 7 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 2002: NGPM Ordinul MMPS Nr.734/2000

1RUPDWLYSHQWUXSURLHFWDUHDúLH[HFX LDUH HOelor de cabluri electrice 1RUPDWLYGHvQFHUF ULúLP VXU WRULODHFKLSDPHQWH úLLQVWDOD LLHOHFWULFH ,QVWUXF LXQLSULYLQGUHJOHPHQWDUHDFRH[LVWHQ HLOLQLLORU HOHFWULFHDHULHQHFXVLVWHPHGHvPEXQ W LULIXQFLDUH 1RUPDWLYSHQWUXSURLHFWDUHDH[HFX LDYHULILFDUHDúL UHFHS LRQDUHDGHLQVWDOD LLHOHFWULFHvQ]RQHFXSHULFRO de explozie 1RUPDWLYSULYLQGSURLHFWDUHDH[HFXWDUHDúLUHFHS LRQDUHDLQVWDOD LLORU electrice interioare cu tenVLXQLSkQ OD9 1RUPHJHQHUDOHGHSURWHF LDPXQFLL 1RUPHVSHFLILFHGHSURWHF LDPXQFLLSHQWUXWUDQVSRUWXOúLGLVWULEX LD energiei electrice.

3.2. LI-,,QVWUXF LXQHSULYLQGSURWHF LDDQWLFRURVLY DFRQVWUXF LLORUPHWDOLFHGH UH HOHHOHFWULFHúLDWHKQRORJLLORUGHSURWHF LHDQWLFRURVLY 

42


Normativ proiectare LEA-JT