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Digital Design - Module 02 Semester 1, 2018 Yingna Sun

900813 Dan Parker + Studio 6


Week Three

Reading: Kolerevic B. 2003. Architecture in the Digital Age

Kolerevic described three fundamental type of fabrication techniques in the reading. Outline the three techniques and discuss the potential of Computer Numeric Controlled fabrication with parametric modelling. (150 words max)

Kolerevic mentioned three fundmental type of fabrication techniques in the reading. There are formative fabrication, additive fabrication and subtractive fabrication. The formative fabrication including warping and manipulating materials to create forms. This is been operated by taking a base material and then use mechainics to bend, heat and steam inorder to transform it. Additive fabrication is to create a structure by adding materials together in a ‘layer-by-layer’ format. Layers of ceramic powder are stuck together to create volumes. This format is also used for 3D print. Subtractive fabrication is to remove the material from a solid volume to create indents, parts and structures. Laser cutting is an example of subtractive fabrication, as it uses a beam to slice into material. However, laser cut only work in two dimention. Computer Numeric Controlled fabrication can extend the boundaries of prefabrication in construction. With the help of machine and software, up to 5 axes can be operated to create complex surfaces, such as boubly curved geometry and intricate construction pieces.

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Week Three

Surface Creation

Comment on the process of scripting and iterating your surfaces. Label your images here. Use white colour background in Rhino only. The image on the left is part of the script of building surface. By adjusting this script, I built several surfaces with different angles inorder to find a surface that worked well together. The surfaces that I first built is two surfaces with very gentle slop. Later I found that these surface are too flat to create interesting panels. So I tried the second one and the third one. These two has large varience on slop but very hard to stand. The last surfaces has variations on the slop. It also has a large base inorder to keep it standing stably. Thus, I chose the last one.

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Week Four Panels & Waffle

For the panels on two sides, I chose to add more complex panels on the surface with gentle slope, inorder to ensure the panels works well. On the surface with larger slope variation, I set the height of panels low inorder to make sure that panels would not overlapping.

The waffel structure follows the shape of my surface. It creates a large interior space with a large opening on one side to cpture light and a nerrow opening on the other side.

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Week Four

Laser Cutting

For the panels, I first devide them in seperate groups and then enrol the group of panels. Then add tabs in rhino and adjust them into a suitable size. I found that it is very important to arrange the unrolled curves in order in the laser cut file. It helps a lot when making models. The last step is to devide those curves in to different layers. Black for cutting and red for folding.

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Week Five

Creating the boolean by script was relatively straight forward. By using multiple attractors to adjust the grid and build different geometries inside to booleandiffference. In the workshop, we use simple geometry as example. Later I started to use more complex geometries in launch box. Further more, I also tried to use different geometries in one grid. Booleanunion different geometries to create new shapes.

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Week Five

Isometric

In task two, the pont attractor distribution method is used in Grasshopper for manipulating grid and transform shape with the same value of reference point. I found that the most interesting part of the box is where geometry partially interact with the box. So I select this part from the middle of the box. In the selection part, two different geometries that I used in the boolean can be cearly seen. I found this part of box is very interesting, as it has a large connected space with large openings around it. The gaps between geometries also formed columns around this space. thus, it created a quard-like space. In ths area, there is a very gentle transformation from exterior space to interior space. In addition, at the side of chosen box, there are three seperate private space which create by spheres. In these private interior space, there is also openings on the top. It enables light comes in and forms a dramatically contrast between light and shadow.

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Week Six Task 01

Lofts

1.1

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4

{0,0,0} {150,120,150} {0,150,150}

{30,150,150}

{0,30,150}

{0,0,150}

{75,150,0} {0,0,90}

{75,150,0} {0,150,0}

{0,150,0}

{150,60,0}

{0,90,0 }

{90,0,0}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves Grid Points

{0,150,150}

{0,90,0}

{0,30,0}

Paneling Grid & Attractor Point

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

{230,0.6,59} {93,35,74}

{52,222,-3} {0,-144,149}

Paneling

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location }

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

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Task 01 Matrix I tried four different surfaces and finally chose the last one. The last two surface has a large base which enable the structure to stand stably. At the same tiime, it also has relatively various slope. I also chose to use 3D panels at both sides as it can create more interesting vrious on the model.

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Week Six Task 02

Lofts

1.1

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4

{0,0,0}

{34,106,144}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves

{36,160,83} {-93,-81,122}

Grid Points

{50,40,123} {-2,106,17}

{75,19,61}

{-91,-81,-5} {88,19,0.4}

Paneling Grid & Attractor Point

{Curve Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

{28,58,177}

{68,159,49}

{28,-28,0} {260,12,49}

Paneling

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.3 3.4

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Task 02 Matrix The task two model is designed using the point and curve attractor effect on the grid manipulation and shape transformation. I chose to use the grid with same value of reference point(68,159,49). I tried to use different geometries to boolean the box. I also tried to use different shapes in the same time. Different types of distribution method including curve attractor and weignt attractor have been tested through the design.

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Week Six

Final Isometric Views

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Appendix

Process

Trying of building surfaces with different angles. Find out the most suitable one to make the model.

Used the same chosed surface as the base, add different panels on it. Adjust the offset point inorder to get the panels with variet height.

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Appendix Process

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Appendix

Process

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Templete print syn  

DD Module 2_900813_YingnaSun

Templete print syn  

DD Module 2_900813_YingnaSun

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