Issuu on Google+

The Reporter

A PUBLICATION OF

POPULATION CONNECTION

October 2009 VOL. 41, ISSUE 3

2009 Congressional Report Card Issue


from the president

oots and hollers. Rants and

appreciation for the actions taken this

and make our case in a reasonable

raves. Ugliness dominated

year by freshman Senators Mark Udall

way. We don’t think an argument is

news coverage of those

and Michael Bennet and U.S.

more powerful when the decibel levels

August congressional town hall meet-

Representative Ed Perlmutter. These

rise. On the contrary, we believe in

ings on health care. During 14 years

three legislators were among those

reason.

H

working for a member of Congress, I

who have supported substantial

never witnessed the sustained level of

increases in family planning funds at a

lation challenges, their vastness means

bitterness and rancor that now seems

time of great fiscal challenge. All atten-

we need to keep at it day-in and day-

to be the norm. In contrast to these

dees were gracious and generous with

out. So far this year, we’ve seen posi-

shout sessions, I’m pleased to be able

their time. For our part, we conveyed

tive results in terms of major funding

to report that some civil discourse also

our appreciation for the unwavering

increases and other improvements,

took place this summer.

support for family planning.

I attended a series of Colorado

Also, in August I was invited to rep-

While we know how to meet popu-

including the rescission of the Global Gag Rule and the restoration of U.S.

meetings with elected officials and

resent the “pro” side in an Oxford-

funding for UN family planning. In

their staffs organized by one of our

style online debate sponsored by The

order to achieve zero population

great members, Jo Lynne Whiting.

Economist magazine on the motion:

growth, we must and will spend as

(You can read more about her activities

“This house believes the world would

much time as possible persuading poli-

on page 20.) All of our meetings were

be better off with fewer people.” It

cymakers that their constituents want them to take action.

substantive sessions. Nobody was

attracted more comments than any

“packing heat.” Rather, the common

other past debate held by the maga-

goal was to shed light on the impacts

zine. I’m glad to report that “we” won

may seem a bit old-fashioned in this

of population growth and the need for

the debate 80%-20%, the widest mar-

Internet age. I am convinced, however,

additional funding for voluntary inter-

gin in such a debate. Population

there remains a real need for that sort

national family planning.

Connection Board member and Johns

of direct contact. It allows for give-

Hopkins University professor Dr. Duff

and-take and helps create enduring

At a Population Connection lunch

Grassroots face-to-face meetings

attended by leading Colorado support-

Gillespie was one of three guest com-

relationships. It is those connections

ers of family planning, Denver Mayor

mentators. If you’d like to review the

that will make the difference.

John Hickenlooper, a longtime member

proceedings, just visit www.economist.

of ZPG/Population Connection, spoke

com/debate/overview/151.

eloquently about his support for vital voluntary approaches. At three separate legislative meet-

From time to time, both our staff and our members also attend legislative meetings with those opposed to

ings, I joined Colorado members of

our program. Yet one thing never

Population Connection to express our

changes: we always stick to the facts

John Seager john@popconnect.org

Need a speaker? We’re always on the lookout for opportunities to spread the message. John Seager, President of Population Connection, and other key staff are available to make the population connection to the environment, women’s rights, social justice, and other global issues. If your environmental organization, school, university, religious group, or other gathering could use a lively presentation, just email Natalie Widel at nwidel@popconnect.org or call her at 1-800-767-1956 ext. 7725.


Volume 41, Issue 3 October 2009 Cover: Capitol Hill Photo: Mantonino | Dreamstime.com

Pg. 7 2009 Congressional Report Card By Stacie Murphy and Mee Kyung Han

“The Mexico City policy [Global Gag Rule] is discriminatory, it would be unconstitutional in our own country, it would deny women in poor countries access to family planning services, and it would increase unwanted pregnancies and abortions. The amendment should be defeated.” —Senator Patrick Leahy (D) VT, floor speech against Martinez/DeMint Amendment

D E PA RT M E N T S

COLUMNS

2

PopPourri

20 Field & Outreach

4

In the News

22 Pop. Ed.

6

Editor’s Note

19 Book Review: Half the Sky 24 Remark

Printed on recycled paper


The proportion of first births among American women age 35 and older increased from one out of 100 in 1970 to one out of 12 in 2006.

National Center for Health Statistics

Š Gerbera1 | Dreamstime.com

PopPourri The rate of teen births in the United States is 42.5 per 1,000 women ages 15-19.

Centers for Disease Control and Protection

2

The Reporter — October 2009


The United States has higher teen fertility rates than other developed countries of the world: Girls ages 15 to 19 have fertility rates more than five times higher than their counterparts in France, Italy, Japan, Slovenia, and Switzerland. The birth rate among U.S. teenagers is twice as high as the average for all developed countries.

Population Reference Bureau

82 percent of U.S. teen pregnancies are unplanned.

Population Reference Bureau

Š Crystal Craig | Dreamstime.com

www.popconnect.org

October 2009 — The Reporter

3


In the News Moms Getting Older Volume 41, Issue 3 October 2009

A new report by the National Center for

women were more concerned about an unplanned pregnancy [than they were

Health Statistics shows that the average age

before the recession] and 19% are being

Managing Editor Marian Starkey

of new mothers in the U.S. went from 21.4

more careful about using birth control. A

in 1970 to 25 in 2006. Women in other

survey by the American College of

Contributors Mee Kyung Han, Rebecca Harrington, Stacie Murphy, John Seager, Marian Starkey, Pam Wasserman

developed countries become mothers at 29,

Obstetricians and Gynecologists found that

on average. The proportion of women having first births after 35 increased dramatically

10% of women have postponed a planned pregnancy because of the bad economy. Anecdotal evidence from clinics all over

Graphic Artist Marian Starkey

between the two data points. This should

the U.S. report an increase in requests for

Population Connection

have increased the average age at first birth

longer-term and more effective contracep-

even more drastically than it did. A shame-

tive methods, including IUDs, vasectomies,

fully high teen birth rate, however, dragged

and tubal ligations.

Overpopulation threatens the quality of life for people everywhere. Population Connection is the national grassroots population organization that educates young people and advocates progressive action to stabilize world population at a level that can be sustained by Earth’s resources. The Reporter (ISSN 0199-0071) Population Connection 2120 L Street, NW, Suite 500 Washington, DC 20037 Phone: 202-332-2200 or 1-800-767-1956 Fax: 202-332-2302 Email: info@popconnect.org Website: www.popconnect.org

the average age down, keeping it lower than in other industrialized countries.

Depression and the 1970s oil embargo.

Italy OKs Abortion Pill Italy legalized RU486, the pill used to induce a medical abortion (not to be confused with Plan B, or emergency contracep-

Births in the U.S. declined by 2% in 2008. Early figures for 2009 appear to continue this trend. Whether the recession will lower the United States’ fertility rate will become more clear later this year.

tion, which only prevents pregnancy and has no bearing on an existing pregnancy). Despite opposition from the Vatican, the pill

Plan B Distribution Mandated

can now be administered by doctors in a

in Washington State

hospital setting. RU486 remains unavailable in pharmacies and at private clinics.

Board Chair Dianne Dillon-Ridgley President John Seager

Birth rates have historically dipped during tough economic times, like during the

In 2007, Washington State changed pharmacy regulations to require pharmacists to stock and fill emergency contraception pre-

Recession Curtails Parenthood Would-be parents are putting off having their first babies and existing parents are

scriptions. Several pharmacies later obtained a religious exemption, citing the First Amendment. The U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals lifted the exemption in July, saying that it had been wrongly issued.

ending their childbearing early because of the precarious economic situation. Newly unemployed, uninsured, and wary of what

Higher Fertility in the Most

the future holds, couples are choosing to

Developed Countries

delay or end childbearing, rather than bring

that countries with a very high Human

not afford.

Development Index (HDI) are seeing a

A national Gallup poll found that 20% of

4

The Reporter — October 2009

A new study published in Nature found

another child into the world that they can-

reversal in their declining fertility rates.


The historical trend has been for fertility

officials are beginning to fret that not

to decline as income and other development

enough urban couples are taking advantage

indicators improve. Researchers have found

of the opportunity to have two children.

though that once countries reach an HDI of

Rather than wait for couples to take the

at least 0.9 (out of a maximum score of 1),

initiative to apply to have a second child,

their fertility rates begin to increase.

authorities have started slipping information

Experts postulate that as women’s

under the doors of qualifying couples and

incomes rise they are more easily able to

advertising counseling sessions. The fertility

afford child care, which allows them to be

rate in Shanghai is less than half the nation-

mothers and career professionals. More

al average, at 0.88 children per woman.

equal gender roles are also likely part of the

Demographers claim that the one-child

equation. Women respond more positively

policy, implemented in 1979, has averted

to having children when they can expect

400 million births. Many believe this to be a

help from their partners in childrearing and

main cause of the rapid economic growth

other related household chores.

China has seen in recent decades. The onechild policy has brought severe human

Boob Tube to Replace Sex? Ghulam Nabi Azad, the health and welfare minister of India, spoke on World Population Day about the need to extend electricity to rural Indian villages. Most would agree that expanding infrastructure in poor, disadvantaged parts of the vast (and soon to be most populous) country is a positive intervention. However, the motiva-

rights abuses and created a host of other demographic problems for China. Perhaps because of this economic growth, officials are finding it more difficult than expected to convince couples to have a second child. City couples cite increased costs and stress as reasons for not wanting to enlarge their families. Only 7,000 couples applied to have a second child in 2007.

tional force behind the campaign belongs to a much more personal matter. Azad believes that “80 per cent of population growth can be reduced through TV.” His explanation? When couples can watch TV until the wee hours, they will be too distracted to procreate. Skeptics abound.

Australia Releases Aid for Abortions Overseas Foreign Minister Stephen Smith implemented new guidelines for overseas family planning funding in August. AusAID to developing countries can now be used to provide abortions to women up to 20 weeks

Shanghai Couples Balk at Having Two Kids The one-child policy in China has always allowed for certain qualified couples to have a second child (there are 12 exceptions to the one-child rule). But now that more than 20% of Shanghai’s population is over 60, www.popconnect.org

gestation in countries where it is legal. For 13 years, governing policy had prohibited the use of aid for abortion services. Now organizations receiving aid in recipient countries can give women the same rights that Australian women have regarding safe abortion. October 2009 — The Reporter

5


editor’s note

ast year, I heard from many of our members that they

L

Outside the White House and the halls of Congress, but

were disappointed when we didn’t produce a

equally important from a constituent-awareness perspective,

Congressional Report Card. We were disappointed

several media outlets this year have shown a new or

too, but our hands were tied as there simply were no votes to score. Well, I’m pleased to resurrect the Congressional Report

renewed interest in population issues. Perhaps it was the 2008 food shortage or the Georgia drought or the release of new figures showing that we’ll

Card this year and even more pleased that the 111th

have 7 billion humans in 2011 that caused journalists to

Congress resumed activity on population and family plan-

perk up to population concerns. The same week that John

ning legislation. As you will notice, only three votes

Seager debated (and won against) Michael Lind in The

occurred on the Senate and House floors. Many important

Economist, the magazine printed two articles about Africa

amendments were defeated in committee though, obviating

and the demographic transition. Nature published an article

the need for floor votes. For the first time, we have included

about fertility rising as a country’s Human Development

committee votes to give you a behind-the-scenes look at

Index (HDI) goes up. Andrew Revkin continues to highlight

where your members stand on population and family plan-

population concerns in his “Dot Earth” blog on the New

ning issues.

York Times website.

This has been an exciting year politically, with the inaugu-

One advocate who has been tireless in his awareness-rais-

ration of Barack Obama, the appointment of Hillary Clinton

ing for women’s issues over the years is New York Times

to Secretary of State, and the new filibuster-proof family-

columnist Nicholas Kristof. His articles and blog entries give

planning-friendly Congress. Within his first few months as president, Obama reversed

poor, subjugated women a voice when they would otherwise have none. The Pulitzer Prize winner collaborated with

the Gag Rule, refunded UNFPA, halted federal funding of

his wife, Sheryl WuDunn (who is also a Pulitzer winner) to

abstinence-only sex education programs, and increased

write the book, Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into

international family planning assistance by $80 million.

Opportunity for Women Worldwide. You’ll find my review

Under Secretary Clinton, the new Office of Global Women’s Issues took root in the State Department in June.

of the book on page 19. This has been a year of reconciliation between our coun-

We hope that the Office will elevate women’s

try’s government and women around the world, including

issues—including family planning—to the forefront of our

here at home. As the world breathes a sigh of relief that the

foreign policy.

feckless Bush years are over, we hope that President

The new Congress has nipped several harmful amend-

Obama, Secretary Clinton, and Congress will continue to

ments in the bud, derailing right-wing attempts to deny crit-

impress with their clear-headed judgement on population

ical reproductive health services to poor women in the U.S.

and family planning issues.

and abroad. Congress also supports President Obama when it comes to ending wasteful federal spending on abstinenceonly education programs. Let’s hope that what we’ve seen so far this year is just a preview into the good the new Administration will continue to do during the rest of its term. You can rest assured that Population Connection will be at the forefront of every family planning debate, encouraging our allies in Congress to

6

stand up for women’s reproductive rights and social justice

Marian Starkey

everywhere.

mstarkey@popconnect.org

The Reporter — October 2009


2009 CONGRESSIONAL

report card Year in Review:

Committees stop bad policy before it even gets off the ground House & Senate Voting Records:

See how your members of Congress voted

Compiled by Stacie Murphy Policy Associate Mee Kyung Han Stanback Government Relations Intern

www.popconnect.org

7


2009 HOUSE VOTING RECORD

congressional report card

FUNDING FOR FAMILY PLANNING: THE PENCE AMENDMENT

During floor debate on the Fiscal Year 2010 Labor/HHS Appropriations bill, Representative Mike Pence (R-6th/IN) offered an amendment to bar Planned Parenthood from receiving funding under Title X, the nation's family planning program for low-income women. The vote occurred on July 24.

POPULATION CONNECTION URGED A VOTE OF:

NO

ALABAMA

1 Jo Bonner (R) 2 Bobby Bright (D) 3 Michael D. Rogers (R) 4 Robert B. Aderholt (R) 5 Parker Griffith (D) 6 Spencer Bachus (R) 7 Artur Davis (D)

YES

NO

183

247

3 John Boozman (R)

– – – – – – +

4 Mike Ross (D)

AL Don Young (R)

AMERICAN SAMOA

AL Eni Faleomavaega (D)

+

ARIZONA

1 Ann Kirkpatrick (D)

28 Howard L. Berman (D)

7 George Miller (D)

+ – – – + + +

8 Nancy Pelosi (D)

n/v

35 Maxine Waters (D)

9 Barbara Lee (D)

+

36 Jane Harman (D)

10 Vacant

n/v

37 Laura Richardson (D)

11 Jerry McNerney (D)

+ + + + + + + + – + – – +

38 Grace F. Napolitano (D)

1 Mike Thompson (D) 2 Wally Herger (R) 3 Dan Lungren (R) 4 Tom McClintock (R)

2 Trent Franks (R) 3 John B. Shadegg (R) 4 Ed Pastor (D) 5 Harry E. Mitchell (D) 6 Jeff Flake (R) 7 Raúl Grijalva (D) 8 Gabrielle Giffords (D)

12 Jackie Speier (D)

+ – – + + – + +

13 Fortney “Pete” Stark (D) 14 Anna G. Eshoo (D) 15 Michael M. Honda (D) 16 Zoe Lofgren (D) 17 Sam Farr (D) 18 Dennis A. Cardoza (D) 19 George Radanovich (R) 20 Jim Costa (D) 21 Devin Nunes (R)

ARKANSAS

1 Marion Berry (D) 2 Vic Snyder (D)

8

The Reporter — October 2009

22 Kevin McCarthy (R)

+ +

25 Howard P. “Buck’’ McKeon (R)

27 Brad Sherman (D)

CALIFORNIA

6 Lynn C. Woolsey (D)

24 Elton Gallegly (R)

26 David Dreier (R)

5 Doris O. Matsui (D) ALASKA

– +

23 Lois Capps (D)

29 Adam B. Schiff (D) 30 Henry A. Waxman (D) 31 Xavier Becerra (D) 32 Judy Chu (D) 33 Diane E. Watson (D) 34 Lucille Roybal-Allard (D)

39 Linda T. Sánchez (D) 40 Ed Royce (R) 41 Jerry Lewis (R) 42 Gary G. Miller (R) 43 Joe Baca (D) 44 Ken Calvert (R) 45 Mary Bono Mack (R) 46 Dana Rohrabacher (R) 47 Loretta Sanchez (D) 48 John Campbell (R) 49 Darrell E. Issa (R) 50 Brian P. Bilbray (R)

– – – + + + + + + + + + + + + + – – – + – – – + – – –


KEY

+ – n/v

51 Bob Filner (D) 52 Duncan Hunter (R) 53 Susan A. Davis (D)

+ – +

14 Connie Mack IV (R) 15 Bill Posey (R) 16 Tom Rooney (R) 17 Kendrick B. Meek (D) 18 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R)

COLORADO

1 Diana DeGette (D) 2 Jared Polis (D) 3 John T. Salazar (D) 4 Betsy Markey (D) 5 Doug Lamborn (R) 6 Mike Coffman (R) 7 Ed Perlmutter (D)

+ + + + – – +

19 Robert Wexler (D) 20 Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D) 21 Lincoln Diaz-Balart (R) 22 Ron Klein (D) 23 Alcee L. Hastings (D) 24 Suzanne M. Kosmas (D) 25 Mario Diaz-Balart (R)

– – – + – + + – + + + –

Supported Population Connection position Opposed Population Connection position No vote recorded

ILLINOIS

1 Bobby L. Rush (D) 2 Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. (D) 3 Daniel Lipinski (D) 4 Luis V. Gutierrez (D) 5 Mike Quigley (D) 6 Peter J. Roskam (R) 7 Danny K. Davis (D) 8 Melissa L. Bean (D) 9 Janice D. Schakowsky (D) 10 Mark S. Kirk (R) 11 Deborah L. Halvorson (D) 12 Jerry F. Costello (D)

CONNECTICUT

1 John B. Larson (D) 2 Joe Courtney (D) 3 Rosa L. DeLauro (D) 4 Jim Himes (D) 5 Christopher S. Murphy (D)

+ + + + +

1 Jack Kingston (R) 2 Sanford D. Bishop, Jr. (D) 3 Lynn A. Westmoreland (R) 4 Henry C. “Hank” Johnson (D) 5 John Lewis (D) 6 Tom Price (R) 7 John Linder (R)

DELAWARE

AL Michael N. Castle (R)

+

8 Jim Marshall (D) 9 Nathan Deal (R) 10 Paul C. Broun (R)

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

AL Eleanor Holmes Norton (D)

+

11 Phil Gingrey (R) 12 John Barrow (D) 13 David Scott (D)

FLORIDA

1 Jeff Miller (R) 2 F. Allen Boyd, Jr. (D) 3 Corrine Brown (D) 4 Ander Crenshaw (R) 5 Ginny Brown-Waite (R) 6 Cliff Stearns (R) 7 John L. Mica (R) 8 Alan Grayson (D) 9 Gus M. Bilirakis (R) 10 C. W. Bill Young (R) 11 Kathy Castor (D) 12 Adam Putnam (R) 13 Vern Buchanan (R) www.popconnect.org

13 Judy Biggert (R)

GEORGIA

– + + – – – – + – – + – –

– + – + + – – – – – – + +

14 Bill Foster (D) 15 Timothy V. Johnson (R) 16 Donald A. Manzullo (R) 17 Phil Hare (D) 18 Aaron Schock (R) 19 John Shimkus (R)

INDIANA

1 Peter J. Visclosky (D) 2 Joe Donnelly (D) 3 Mark E. Souder (R) 4 Steve Buyer (R) 5 Dan Burton (R) 6 Mike Pence (R) 7 André Carson (D)

GUAM

AL Madeleine Bordallo (D)

+ + – + + – + + + + + – + + – – + – –

8 Brad Ellsworth (D) 9 Baron Hill (D)

+ – – – – – + – +

HAWAII

1 Neil Abercrombie (D) 2 Mazie K. Hirono (D)

+ +

IOWA

1 Bruce L. Braley (D) 2 David Loebsack (D) 3 Leonard L. Boswell (D)

IDAHO

1 Walt Minnick (D) 2 Mike Simpson (R)

+ –

4 Tom Latham (R) 5 Steve King (R)

+ + + – –

October 2009 — The Reporter

9


2009 HOUSE VOTING RECORD

congressional report card

3 James P. McGovern (D)

KANSAS

1 Jerry Moran (R) 2 Lynn Jenkins (R) 3 Dennis Moore (D) 4 Todd Tiahrt (R)

– + + –

4 Barney Frank (D) 5 Niki Tsongas (D) 6 John F. Tierney (D) 7 Edward J. Markey (D) 8 Michael E. Capuano (D) 9 Stephen F. Lynch (D)

KENTUCKY

1 Ed Whitfield (R) 2 Brett Guthrie (R) 3 John A. Yarmuth (D) 4 Geoff Davis (R) 5 Harold Rogers (R)

6 Ben Chandler (D)

– – + – – +

10 William D. Delahunt (D)

1 Steve Scalise (R)

1 Bart Stupak (D) 2 Peter Hoekstra (R) 3 Vernon J. Ehlers (R)

2 Anh “Joseph” Cao (R) 3 Charlie Melancon (D) 4 John Fleming (R) 5 Rodney Alexander (D) 6 Bill Cassidy (R) 7 Charles W. Boustany, Jr. (R)

6 Fred Upton (R) 7 Mark H. Schauer (D) 8 Michael J. Rogers (R) 9 Gary C. Peters (D) 10 Candice S. Miller (R) 11 Thaddeus G. McCotter (R) 12 Sander M. Levin (D) 13 Carolyn C. Kilpatrick (D) 14 John Conyers, Jr. (D)

MAINE

1 Chellie Pingree (D) 2 Michael H. Michaud (D)

+ +

15 John D. Dingell (D)

+ – – – + + + – + – – + + + +

MINNESOTA

1 Tim Walz (D)

MARYLAND

1 Frank Kratovil, Jr. (D) 2 C. A. “Dutch” Ruppersberger (D) 3 John P. Sarbanes (D) 4 Donna F. Edwards (D) 5 Steny H. Hoyer (D) 6 Roscoe G. Bartlett (R) 7 Elijah E. Cummings (D) 8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. (D)

+ + + + + – + +

2 John Kline (R) 3 Erik Paulsen (R) 4 Betty McCollum (D) 5 Keith Ellison (D) 6 Michele Bachmann (R) 7 Collin C. Peterson (D) 8 James L. Oberstar (D)

1 John W. Olver (D) 2 Richard E. Neal (D)

10

The Reporter — October 2009

2 Todd Akin (R) 3 Russ Carnahan (D) 4 Ike Skelton (D) 5 Emanuel Cleaver II (D)

8 Jo Ann Emerson (R) 9 Blaine Luetkemeyer (R)

2 Bennie G. Thompson (D) 3 Gregg Harper (R)

+ – + – + – – – –

MONTANA

AL Dennis Rehberg (R)

NEBRASKA

1 Jeff Fortenberry (R) 2 Lee Terry (R) 3 Adrian Smith (R)

– – –

NEVADA

1 Shelley Berkley (D) 2 Dean Heller (R) 3 Dina Titus (D)

1 Carol Shea-Porter (D) 2 Paul W. Hodes (D)

+ – +

1 Robert E. Andrews (D) 2 Frank A. LoBiondo (R) 3 John H. Adler (D) 4 Christopher H. Smith (R)

6 Frank Pallone, Jr. (D)

– + –

+ +

NEW JERSEY

5 Scott Garrett (R)

1 Travis W. Childers (D)

+ +

1 Wm. Lacy Clay (D)

NEW HAMPSHIRE

+ – – + + – – +

MISSISSIPPI MASSACHUSETTS

MISSOURI

7 Roy Blunt (R)

MICHIGAN

5 Dale E. Kildee (D)

– – – – – – –

4 Gene Taylor (D)

6 Sam Graves (R)

4 Dave Camp (R) LOUISIANA

+ + + + + + + +

7 Leonard Lance (R) 8 Bill Pascrell, Jr. (D) 9 Steven R. Rothman (D)

+ – + – – + + + +


KEY

+ – n/v

10 Donald M. Payne (D) 11 Rodney P. Frelinghuysen (R) 12 Rush D. Holt (D) 13 Albio Sires (D)

+ + + +

NORTH CAROLINA

1 G. K. Butterfield (D) 2 Bob Etheridge (D) 3 Walter B. Jones, Jr. (R) 4 David E. Price (D) 5 Virginia Foxx (R)

NEW MEXICO

1 Martin Heinrich (D) 2 Harry Teague (D) 3 Ben R. Luján (D)

+ + +

6 Howard Coble (R) 7 Mike McIntyre (D) 8 Larry Kissell (D) 9 Sue Myrick (R) 10 Patrick T. McHenry (R)

NEW YORK

11 Heath Shuler (D)

3 Peter T. King (R)

+ + –

4 Carolyn McCarthy (D)

n/v

5 Gary L. Ackerman (D)

14 Carolyn B. Maloney (D)

+ + + + + + + + + +

15 Charles B. Rangel (D)

n/v

4 Jim Jordan (R)

16 José E. Serrano (D)

+ + + + + + +

5 Robert E. Latta (R)

1 Tim Bishop (D) 2 Steve Israel (D)

6 Gregory W. Meeks (D) 7 Joseph Crowley (D) 8 Jerrold Nadler (D) 9 Anthony D. Weiner (D) 10 Edolphus Towns (D) 11 Yvette D. Clarke (D) 12 Nydia M. Velázquez (D) 13 Mike McMahon (D)

17 Eliot L. Engel (D) 18 Nita M. Lowey (D) 19 John J. Hall (D) 20 Scott Murphy (D) 21 Paul D. Tonko (D) 22 Maurice D. Hinchey (D) 23 John M. McHugh (R) 24 Michael A. Arcuri (D) 25 Dan Maffei (D) 26 Christopher Lee (R) 27 Brian M. Higgins (D) 28 Louise McIntosh Slaughter (D) 29 Eric Massa (D) www.popconnect.org

Supported Population Connection position Opposed Population Connection position No vote recorded

12 Melvin L. Watt (D) 13 Brad Miller (D)

OKLAHOMA

+ + – + – – – + – – – + +

1 John Sullivan (R) 2 Dan Boren (D) 3 Frank D. Lucas (R) 4 Tom Cole (R) 5 Mary Fallin (R)

– – – – –

OREGON

1 David Wu (D) 2 Greg Walden (R) 3 Earl Blumenauer (D) 4 Peter A. DeFazio (D) 5 Kurt Schrader (D)

+ + + + +

PENNSYLVANIA

AL Earl Pomeroy (D)

+

NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS

AL Gregorio Kilili Camacho Sablan (I)

2 Chaka Fattah (D)

+ +

3 Kathy Dahlkemper (D)

n/v

4 Jason Altmire (D)

+ – – + + – + + + + + + – + – –

1 Robert A. Brady (D)

NORTH DAKOTA

+

5 Glenn “GT” Thompson, Jr. (R) 6 Jim Gerlach (R) 7 Joe Sestak (D)

OHIO

7 Steve Austria (R)

+ – – – – – –

8 John A. Boehner (R)

n/v

15 Charles W. Dent (R)

9 Marcy Kaptur (D)

+ + + – + – + + + +

16 Joseph R. Pitts (R)

1 Steve L. Driehaus (D) 2 Jean Schmidt (R) 3 Michael R. Turner (R)

6 Charlie Wilson (D)

10 Dennis J. Kucinich (D) 11 Marcia L. Fudge (D)

n/v

12 Patrick J. Tiberi (R)

+ + – + + +

13 Betty Sutton (D) 14 Steven C. LaTourette (R) 15 Mary Jo Kilroy (D) 16 John A. Boccieri (D) 17 Tim Ryan (D) 18 Zack Space (D)

8 Patrick J. Murphy (D) 9 Bill Shuster (R) 10 Christopher P. Carney (D) 11 Paul E. Kanjorski (D) 12 John P. Murtha (D) 13 Allyson Y. Schwartz (D) 14 Mike Doyle (D)

17 Tim Holden (D) 18 Tim Murphy (R) 19 Todd R. Platts (R)

PUERTO RICO

AL Pedro Pierluisi (D)

+

October 2009 — The Reporter

11


2009 HOUSE VOTING RECORD

congressional report card

RHODE ISLAND

1 Patrick J. Kennedy (D) 2 James R. Langevin (D)

+ +

14 Ron Paul (R)

n/v

9 Rick Boucher (D)

15 Rubén Hinojosa (D)

+ + + + – + – – + – + – + + + + – –

10 Frank R. Wolf (R)

16 Silvestre Reyes (D) 17 Chet Edwards (D) 18 Sheila Jackson Lee (D)

SOUTH CAROLINA

1 Henry E. Brown, Jr. (R) 2 Joe Wilson (R)

– –

19 Randy Neugebauer (R) 20 Charles A. Gonzalez (D)

3 J. Gresham Barrett (R)

n/v

21 Lamar S. Smith (R)

4 Bob Inglis (R)

– + +

22 Pete Olson (R)

5 John M. Spratt, Jr. (D) 6 James E. Clyburn (D)

23 Ciro D. Rodriguez (D) 24 Kenny Marchant (R) 25 Lloyd Doggett (D) 26 Michael C. Burgess (R)

SOUTH DAKOTA

AL Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (D)

+

27 Solomon P. Ortiz (D) 28 Henry Cuellar (D) 29 Gene Green (D)

TENNESSEE

1 Phil Roe (R) 2 John J. Duncan, Jr. (R) 3 Zach Wamp (R) 4 Lincoln Davis (D) 5 Jim Cooper (D) 6 Bart Gordon (D) 7 Marsha Blackburn (R) 8 John S. Tanner (D) 9 Steve Cohen (D)

– – – – + + – + +

30 Eddie Bernice Johnson (D) 31 John R. Carter (R) 32 Pete Sessions (R)

UTAH

1 Louie Gohmert (R) 2 Ted Poe (R) 3 Sam Johnson (R) 4 Ralph M. Hall (R) 5 Jeb Hensarling (R) 6 Joe Barton (R) 7 John A. Culberson (R) 8 Kevin Brady (R) 9 Al Green (D) 10 Michael T. McCaul (R) 11 Mike Conaway (R) 12 Kay Granger (R) 13 William “Mac” Thornberry (R)

12

The Reporter — October 2009

1 Jay Inslee (D) 2 Rick Larsen (D) 3 Brian Baird (D) 4 Doc Hastings (R) 5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R)

6 Norman D. Dicks (D) 7 Jim McDermott (D) 8 Dave Reichert (R) 9 Adam Smith (D)

1 Alan B. Mollohan (D) 2 Shelley Moore Capito (R) 3 Nick J. Rahall, II (D)

n/v

1 Paul Ryan (R)

2 Jim Matheson (D)

+ –

2 Tammy Baldwin (D)

3 Jason Chaffetz (R)

3 Ron Kind (D) 4 Gwen Moore (D) 5 F. James Sensenbrenner, Jr. (R)

+

6 Thomas E. Petri (R) 7 David R. Obey (D) 8 Steve Kagen (D)

VIRGIN ISLANDS

AL Donna Christensen (D)

+ + + – – + + – +

WEST VIRGINIA

1 Rob Bishop (R)

AL Peter Welch (D)

– – – – – – – – + – – – –

WASHINGTON

– n/v

WISCONSIN

VERMONT TEXAS

11 Gerry E. Connolly (D)

+ – +

– + + + – – + +

+ WYOMING

AL Cynthia M. Lummis (R)

VIRGINIA

1 Robert J. Wittman (R) 2 Glenn C. Nye (D) 3 Bobby Scott (D) 4 Randy Forbes (R) 5 Tom Perriello (D) 6 Bob Goodlatte (R) 7 Eric I. Cantor (R) 8 James P. Moran (D)

– + + – + – – +


KEY

+ – n/v

Supported Population Connection position Opposed Population Connection position No vote recorded

2009 House Appropriations Committee Voting Record

1. ABORTION RESTRICTIONS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

During markup of the Financial Services and General Government Appropriations bill, Representatives Todd Tiahrt (R4th/KS) and Lincoln Davis (D-4th/TN) offered an amendment to reinstate a provision banning the District of Columbia from using local funds for abortion services for low-income women. The vote occurred on July 7.

NO

POPULATION CONNECTION URGED A VOTE OF:

YES

NO

26

33

2. RESTORING FUNDING FOR ABSTINENCE-ONLY PROGRAMS

President Obama’s proposed budget eliminated funding for the Community Based Abstinence Education Program (CBAE). During markup of the Labor/HHS/Education Appropriations bill, Representatives Robert Aderholt (R-4th/AL) and Zach Wamp (R-3rd/TN) co-sponsored an amendment to restore funding to the program. The vote occurred on July 17.

NO

POPULATION CONNECTION URGED A VOTE OF:

Aderholt (R-4th/AL) Alexander (R-5th/LA) Berry (D-1st/AR) Bishop (D-2nd/GA) Bonner (R-1st/AL) Boyd (D-2nd/FL) Calvert (R-44th/CA) Carter (R-31st/TX) Chandler (D-6th/KY) Cole (R-4th/OK) Crenshaw (R-4th/FL) Culberson (R-7th/TX) Davis (D-4th/TN) DeLauro (D-3rd/CT) Dicks (D-6th/WA) Edwards (D-17th/TX) Emerson (R-8th/MO) Farr (D-17th/CA) Fattah (D-2nd/PA) Frelinghuysen (R-11th/NJ) www.popconnect.org

1

2

– – – + – + – – + – – – – + + + – + + +

– – + + – + – – + – – – + + + – – + + –

YES

NO

24

35

Granger (R-12th/TX) Hinchey (D-22nd/NY) Honda (D-15th/CA) Israel (D-2nd/NY) Jackson (D-2nd/IL) Kaptur (D-9th/OH) Kennedy (D-1st/RI) Kilpatrick (D-1st/AZ) Kingston (R-1st/GA) Kirk (R-10th/IL) Latham (R-4th/IA) LaTourette (R-14th/OH) Lee (D-9th/CA) Lewis (R-41st/CA) Lowey (D-18th/NY) McCollum (D-4th/MN) Mollohan (D-1st/WV) Moran (D-8th/VA) Murtha (D-12th/PA) Obey (D-7th/WI)

1

2

1

2

– + + + + – + + – – – – + – + + – + – +

– + + + + + + + –

Olver (D-1st/MA)

Rodriguez (D-23rd/TX)

+ + + – +

Rogers (R-5th/KY)

n/v

Rothman (D-9th/NJ)

+ + + + + + + – – + – + – –

+ + + – + – + + + + – + + – – + – + – –

n/v

Ryan (D-17th/OH)

– – + – + + + + + +

Salazar (D-3rd/CO)

Pastor (D-4th/AZ) Price (D-4th/NC) Rehberg (R-AL/MT)

Roybal-Allard (D-34th/CA) Ruppersberger (D-2nd/MD)

Schiff (D-29th/CA) Serrano ((D-16th/NY) Simpson (R-2nd.ID) Tiahrt (R-4th/KS) Visclosky (D-1st/IN) Wamp (R-3rd/TN) Wasserman Schultz (D-20th/FL) Wolf (R-10th/VA) Young (R-10th/FL)

October 2009 — The Reporter

13


congressional report card

2009 House Energy and Commerce Committee Voting Record

1. ABSTINENCE-ONLY FUNDING

President Obama’s budget eliminated the Title V abstinence-only program. During markup of the committee’s health care reform bill, Representative Lee Terry (R-2nd/NE) offered an amendment to reauthorize the program. The vote occurred on July 20.

NO

POPULATION CONNECTION URGED A VOTE OF:

YES

NO

26

29

2. BAN ON ABORTION COVERAGE IN HEALTH CARE BILL

Representative Joseph Pitts (R-16th/PA) offered an amendment to the committee’s health care reform bill to prohibit coverage of abortion services. The vote occurred on July 30.

NO

POPULATION CONNECTION URGED A VOTE OF:

1

Baldwin (D-2nd/WI) Barrow (D-12th/GA) Barton (R-6th/TX) * Blackburn (R-7th-TN) Blunt (R-7th/MO) Bono Mack (R-45th/CA) Boucher (D-9th/VA) Braley (D-1st/IA) Burgess (R-26th/TX) Butterfield (D-1st/NC) Buyer (R-4th/IN) Capps (D-23rd/CA) Castor (D-11th/FL) Christensen (D-VI) Deal (R-9th/GA) DeGette (D-1st/CO) Dingell (D-15th/MI) Doyle (D-14th/PA) Engel (D-17th/NY) Eshoo (D-14th/CA)

14

The Reporter — October 2009

YES

NO

29

30

2

+ + – – – – – – – – – – + + n/v + – – + + – – + + + + + + – – + + + + + + + + + +

1

Gingrey (R-11th/GA) Gonzalez (D-20th/TX) Gordon (D-6th/TN) Green (D-29th/TX) Harman (D-36th/CA) Hall (R-4th/TX) Hill (D-9th/IN) Inslee (D-1st/WA) McNerney (D-11th/CA) Markey (D-7th/MA) Matheson (D-2nd/UT) Matsui (D-5th/CA) Melancon (D-3rd/LA) Murphy (D-5th/CT) Murphy (R-18th/PA) Myrick (R-9th/NC) Pallone (D-6th/NJ) Pitts (R-16th/PA) Radanovich (R-19th/CA) Rogers (R-8th/MI)

2

– – + + n/v + + + + + – – n/v – + + + + + + + – + + – – + + – – – – + + – – – – – –

1

2

Ross (D-4th/AR)

+

Rush (D-1st/IL)

n/v

Sarbanes (D-3rd/MD)

+ – + – – + – – – + – – – + + + –

– + + – + – – + – – – + – – – + + + –

Scalise (R-1st/LA) Schakowsky (D-9th/IL) Shadegg (R-3rd/AZ) Shimkus (R-19th/IL) Space (D-18th/OH) Stearns (R-6th/FL) Stupak (D-1st/MI) Sullivan (R-1st/OK) Sutton (D-13th/OH) Terry (R-2nd/NE) Upton (R-6th/MI) Walden (R-2nd/OR) Waxman (D-30th/CA, Chair) Weiner (D-9th/NY) Welch (D-At Large/VT) Whitfield (R-1st/KY) * Ranking Member


2009 SENATE VOTING RECORD

KEY

+ – n/v

1

2

ALABAMA

Richard C. Shelby (R) Jeff Sessions (R)

Mark Begich (D)

– – – n/v

John Kyl (R)

+ – + +

Mark L. Pryor (D)

– – – –

Barbara Boxer (D)

+ + + +

Michael Bennet (D)

+ + + +

Joseph I. Lieberman (I)

+ + + +

Ted Kaufman (D)

+ + + +

Mel Martinez (R)

Johnny Isakson (R)

Charles E. Grassley (R) Tom Harkin (D)

Sam Brownback (R) Pat Roberts (D)

During debate on reauthorization of the State Children's Health Insurance

– – + +

Program (SCHIP), Senators Mel Martinez (R-FL) and Jim DeMint (R-SC) introduced an

– – – –

amendment to reinstate the Global Gag Rule. The vote occurred on January 28.

Mitch McConnell (R) Jim Bunning (R)

– – – –

Mary L. Landrieu (D) David Vitter (R)

+ n/v – –

Olympia J. Snowe (R) Susan M. Collins (R)

+ + + +

Barbara A. Mikulski (D) Benjamin L. Cardin (D)

+ + + +

POPULATION CONNECTION URGED A VOTE OF:

NO

YES

37

NO

60

2. FUNDING TO UNFPA

+ + – – – – –

2009 Omnibus

Edward M. Kennedy (D)

n/v n/v

Roger Wicker (R-MS)

John F. Kerry (D)

+ +

offered an amendment to strip a provision guarantee-

MICHIGAN

n/v

During debate on the FY Appropriations bill, Senator

MASSACHUSETTS

GEORGIA

Saxby Chambliss (R)

Evan Bayh (D)

– – + –

MARYLAND

+ + + +

FLORIDA

Bill Nelson (D)

AMENDMENT

MAINE

DELAWARE

Thomas R. Carper (D)

Richard G. Lugar (R)

LOUISIANA

CONNECTICUT

Christopher J. Dodd (D)

THE MARTINEZ/DEMINT

KENTUCKY

COLORADO

Mark Udall (D)

Roland W. Burris (D)

1. GLOBAL GAG RULE:

+ + + +

KANSAS

CALIFORNIA

Dianne Feinstein (D)

Richard J. Durbin (D)

IOWA

ARKANSAS

Blanche L. Lincoln (D)

2

INDIANA

ARIZONA

John McCain (R)

1 ILLINOIS

ALASKA

Lisa Murkowski (R)

Supported Population Connection position Opposed Population Connection position No vote recorded

Carl Levin (D) Debbie Stabenow (D)

+ + + +

ing U.S. funding to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The vote

HAWAII

Daniel K. Inouye (D) Daniel K. Akaka (D)

MINNESOTA

+ + + +

IDAHO

Mike Crapo (R) Jim Risch (R) www.popconnect.org

Amy Klobuchar (D)

+ +

Al Franken (D)

n/v n/v

MISSISSIPPI

– – – –

Thad Cochran (R) Roger F. Wicker (R)

– – – –

occurred on March 5. POPULATION CONNECTION URGED A VOTE OF:

NO

YES

39

NO

55

October 2009 — The Reporter

15


2009 SENATE VOTING RECORD

congressional report card

1

2

MISSOURI

Christopher S. “Kit” Bond (R)

“We do have funds for maternal care, clean water, and voluntary family planning. But if the amendment of the junior Senator from Mississippi is agreed to,

Claire McCaskill (D)

Jon Tester (D)

Ben Nelson (D) Mike Johanns (R)

Harry Reid (D) John Ensign (R)

parts of the world.”

NEW HAMPSHIRE

–Senator Patrick Leahy (D)

Judd Gregg (R)

VT, floor speech against the

Jeanne Shaheen (D)

– – – n/v

Robert Menendez (D)

+ + – –

Jeff Bingaman (D)

than 60 people in this

Tom Udall (D)

Senate, I believe, who

Charles E. Schumer (D)

amendment and affirm

Kirsten E. Gillibrand (D)

the action of our new

+ + + +

Richard Burr (R)

Barack Obama, who

Kay R. Hagan (D)

very wisely understands that with a stroke of a pen, undoing what the Bush-Cheney administration did will indeed save the lives of

+ + + +

Bryon L. Dorgan (D)

+ + + +

Sherrod Brown (D)

– – + +

—Senator Barbara Boxer (D) CA, floor speech against the Martinez/DeMint Amendment

James M. Inhofe (R) Tom Coburn (R)

+ n/v + +

Jeff Merkley (D)

16

October 2009 — The Reporter

Lamar Alexander (R) Bob Corker (R)

– – – –

Kay Bailey Hutchison (R) John Cornyn (R)

– – – –

Orrin G. Hatch (R) Robert F. Bennett (R)

– – – –

Patrick J. Leahy (D) Bernard Sanders (I)

+ + + +

Jim Webb (D) Mark R. Warner (D)

+ + + +

Patty Murray (D) Maria Cantwell (D)

+ + + +

WEST VIRGINIA

– – + +

Robert C. Byrd (D) John D. Rockefeller IV (D)

+ + + +

WISCONSIN

– – – –

OREGON

Ron Wyden (D)

John Thune (R)

+ + – –

WASHINGTON

OKLAHOMA

women.”

Tim Johnson (D)

VIRGINIA

OHIO

George V. Voinovich (R)

Jim DeMint (R)

– – – –

VERMONT

NORTH DAKOTA

Kent Conrad (D)

Lindsey Graham (R)

UTAH

NORTH CAROLINA

President, President

Sheldon Whitehouse (D)

+ + + +

TEXAS

NEW YORK

will vote against this

Jack Reed (D)

TENNESSEE

– – + +

NEW MEXICO

“We will have more

Robert P. Casey, Jr. (D)

+ + + –

SOUTH DAKOTA

NEW JERSEY

Frank R. Lautenberg (D)

Arlen Specter (D)

SOUTH CAROLINA

NEVADA

those funds in many

2

RHODE ISLAND

+ + + +

NEBRASKA

we would prohibit

Wicker Amendment

– – + +

MONTANA

Max Baucus (D)

1 PENNSYLVANIA

Herb Kohl (D) Russell D. Feingold (D)

+ + + +

WYOMING

+ + + +

Michael B. Enzi (R) John Barrasso (R)

– – – –


KEY

+ – n/v

Supported Population Connection position Opposed Population Connection position No vote recorded

2009 Senate Appropriations Committee Voting Record 1. GLOBAL GAG RULE

During markup of the State Department/Foreign Operations bill, Senator Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ) offered an amendment to permanently bar a future president from imposing the Global Gag Rule. The vote occurred on July 9.

YES

POPULATION CONNECTION URGED A VOTE OF:

YES

NO

17

11

2. ABORTION RESTRICTIONS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

During markup of the Financial Services and General Government Appropriations bill, Senator Sam Brownback (R-KS) offered an amendment to reinstate a provision banning the District of Columbia from using local funds for abortion services for low-income women. The vote occurred on July 9.

“We should treat the women of

NO

POPULATION CONNECTION URGED A VOTE OF:

YES

NO

the world with respect. We should

13

15

give them access to sound family planning. Let them plan their lives and plan their families. There will be fewer abortions, fewer maternal deaths, and fewer children dying as a result.” —Senator Richard J. Durbin (D) IL, floor speech against the Martinez/DeMint Amendment

Alexander (R) TN Bennett (R) UT Bond (R) MO Brownback (R) KS Byrd (D) WV Cochran (R) MS * Collins (R) ME Dorgan (D) ND Durbin (D) IL Feinstein (D) CA Gregg (R) NH www.popconnect.org

1

2

1

2

– – – – + – + + + + –

– – – – + – +

Harkin (D) IA

+ – + + +

Murray (D) WA

Kohl (D) WI

+ – + + +

Landrieu (D) LA

P

P

Spector (R/D) PA **

P

Leahy (D) VT

+ + –

McConnell (R) KY

Hutchison (R) TX Inouye (D) HI (Chair) Johnson (D) SD

Lautenberg (D) NJ

Mikulski (D) MD Murkowski (R) AK

+ + + + – – + + n/v –

Nelson (D) NE Pryor (D) AR Reed (D) RI Shelby (R) AL

Tester (D) MT Voinovich (R) OH

1

2

+ – + + – + + –

+ – – + – + + –

* Ranking Member ** Switched parties mid-year

October 2009 — The Reporter

17


congressional report card

2009 Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee Voting Record 1. COMMUNITY-BASED HEALTH CARE CENTERS

During markup of the committee’s version of the health care reform bill, Senator Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) offered an amendment designed to ensure that community-based health centers, like Planned Parenthood clinics, will be eligible for reimbursement under a reformed health system. The vote occurred on July 9.

YES

POPULATION CONNECTION URGED A VOTE OF:

YES

NO

12

11

2. REFUSAL OF SERVICE

During markup of the committee's version of the health care reform bill, Senator Tom Coburn (R-OK) offered an amendment allowing any “health care entity” to refuse any service related to abortion. This broad language, were it to become law, would allow any doctor, nurse, hospital, insurance company or any other individual or institution involved in health care to deny critical reproductive health care to a woman. The vote occurred on April 2.

NO

POPULATION CONNECTION URGED A VOTE OF:

Alexander (R) TN Bingaman (D) NM Brown (D) OH Burr (R) NC Casey (D) PA Coburn (R) OK Dodd (D) CT Enzi (R) WY * Whitehouse (D) RI **

18

The Reporter — October 2009

1

2

– + + – – – + – +

– + + – – – + – +

YES

NO

11

12

Gregg (R) NH Hagan (D) NC Harkin (D) IA Hatch (R) UT Isakson (R) GA Kennedy (D) MA (Chair) McCain (R) AZ Merkley (D) OR Mikulski (D) MD

1

2

– + + – – + – + +

– + + – – + – + +

1

Murkowski (R) AK Murray (D) WA Reed (D) RI Roberts (R) KS Sanders (I) VT

2

– – + + + + – – + +

* Ranking Member ** Temporary committee member serving while MN Senate seat was in dispute


By Marian Starkey

icholas Kristof, world traveler, famed columnist, and women’s rights advo-

N

cate, teamed up with his journalist wife, Sheryl WuDunn to write a book

about a subject that’s been the theme of many of his pieces for The New

York Times over the years. The authors use the individual stories of girls and women they’ve met in their trav-

els to personalize three main “abuses” that are the focus of the book: sex trafficking, gender-based violence, and maternal mortality. Kristof and WuDunn resist the temptation to pepper the book with statistics and research findings. Instead, they let the stories speak for themselves. Many of the tales are crushingly heartbreaking, leaving the reader with little hope that anything can be done to protect vulnerable women from rapacious brothel owners, violent male family members, or the ravages of preg-

Knopf. 2009. Pp320. US$27.95. ISBN 978-0307267146

Book Review: Half the Sky

nancy and childbirth in resource-scarce settings. The authors argue that actually, there is much we can do. In fact, as I write this, three American men are being charged in federal court for traveling to Cambodia to have sex with children. Kristof and WuDunn hope that strict punishments will eventually drive the sex trade so far underground that it is no longer profitable. They argue that through the use of conditional development assistance, pressure could be placed on governments to crack down on honor killings, female genital cutting, and high rates of maternal mortality. Not addressed is whether doing so may hurt the very women that the conditions would aim to protect. Some argue that ending foreign aid to the most corrupt governments could mean that women in those countries would be even worse off than they are now. Lacking in the narrative is any mention of the U.S. failure to provide international family planning aid at the level promised. When discussing positive outcomes of development initiatives such as girls’ education and women’s employment, the authors frequently cite the virtuous circle of empowerment and fertility decline. Never, though, do they discuss the merits of family planning as a primary development tool—it is always referred to as the result of some other effort. The authors also downplay the significance of the role of family planning in fertility decline, deeming it only “modest.” Actually, demographers estimate that family planning is responsible for at least 40% of the fertility decline seen in the past two decades. Kristof and WuDunn claim that population stabilization occurs as a result of sociological factors, rather than the simple availability of contraception and that if women had more “say-so” in their lives, they’d choose smaller families. Modern family planning can serve as the “say-so” women need, in the form of surreptitious methods like injections and IUDs. It’s imprudent to wait for society to change on its own when contraception is available to jump-start that change. One woman, Goretti from Burundi, articulates the importance of contraception in her own family outcome, “I got injections for family planning, and if I’d known about this earlier, I wouldn’t have had six kids. Maybe just three. But if I hadn’t been in the [microfinance] group at all, I would have wanted ten kids.” Kristof and WuDunn are idealistic and there’s nothing wrong with that. It’s a great quality to expect that people will make the right decisions for the right reasons. Unfortunately, though, they often don’t. Rather than wait for men to change their ways, donor governments and NGOs can help women achieve equality by giving them control over their own fertility now. This would lead to higher rates of school completion for girls, better job outcomes for women, and economic growth on a wide scale. When women have an array of options for earning income, they are less likely to enter the sex trade. When they are educated, they are less likely to tolerate gender violence. And when they have fewer children, they are less likely to succumb to maternal mortality. Family planning is a critical response to these and so many other development challenges. Lower fertility and women’s empowerment are a virtuous circle. But the circle has to begin somewhere, and family planning is often the most efficient place to start.

www.popconnect.org

October 2009 — The Reporter

19


Field & Outreach

We Can’t Grow on Like This

Member Spotlight: Jo Lynne Whiting One Denver advocate pulls out all the stops By Rebecca Harrington, National Field Coordinator n 1967, Jo Lynne Whiting’s roommate at

I

Texas Wesleyan College, Jacklyn Bounds,

those familiar with Population Connection,

introduced her to population as a pressing

as well as family planning advocates who

issue of the time. Jacklyn encouraged Jo Lynne

to read Paul Ehrlich’s Population Bomb.

She also brought other Population Connection members to meet with senior

Connection (Zero Population Growth at the

staff of Colorado Senators Mark Udall and

time). As a result of Jacklyn’s influence, Jo

Michael Bennet, and Representative Ed

Lynne became a lifelong advocate for popu-

Perlmutter.

A passionate supporter of women’s

Calling herself fortunate to live in a congressional district with a pro-family planning

empowerment and reproductive rights, Jo

representative, Jo Lynne recalled a meeting

Lynne firmly believes that population growth

with Rep. Perlmutter’s predecessor, who held

is the most fundamental issue of social jus-

a different view, and was encouraged by the

tice. She likens the population issue to an

difference. “Like night and day,” she said in

iceberg, and says that while people can see

describing the less than welcoming response

the tips—climate change, poverty, and polit-

her advocacy met in the past. “The contrast

ical instability—they struggle to see the

between the open and supportive reception

underwater mass—population growth.

we received in Representative Perlmutter’s

So, when she received an email from John Seager several months ago about his

office and the cold and dismissing reception I received a few years ago from the previous

upcoming trip to the Denver area, Jo Lynne

office illustrates how important elections are.

saw an opportunity to mobilize a community

Electing a representative that cares about

discussion around population growth, the

population, fairness to the world and the

issue that “drives her social consciousness

environment really matters.”

and social giving.” In short order, she organized four days of events during the last week in August,

In the meeting with Sen. Udall’s office, his staff wondered aloud why everyone didn’t recognize the importance of population sta-

including a “thought leaders” lunch with

bilization, and asked what more Sen. Udall

prominent local leaders like Denver Mayor

could do to help.

John Hickenlooper, an early Population

The Reporter — October 2009

didn’t know about the organization.

Shortly thereafter, Jo Lynne joined Population

lation stabilization.

20

International. The lunch drew a crowd of

Sen. Bennet’s office had to reschedule our

Connection member; Dr. Warren Hern, who

meeting due to an unexpected event.

is doing heroic work to ensure that women

Luckily, the very accommodating staffer in

have access to safe abortion; and Susan Kirk,

his office agreed to meet our group on

a Board member for Pathfinder

Saturday morning, when John was also able


to attend the meeting. Despite the fact that these lawmakers

our senators' and representative’s offices. First of all, they helped recruit other com-

support Population Connection’s agenda, Jo

mitted Population Connection members and

Lynne urges that people in her district con-

introduced us to each other. Then they

tinue to write and call to ensure that the

shared briefing papers and materials so we

issue is given the priority it needs.

were confident of the issues. It was an

While Jo Lynne appreciated the enthusi-

honor to have John Seager join the sessions.

asm of the staffers she met with, she is cer-

He graciously deferred to the Colorado con-

tainly not afraid to meet with those who

stituents to make many of the points but

don’t share her view. “Population is a very

was ready with very informed answers to

important issue that impacts us all, regard-

the probing questions we received. John

less of political affiliation. In fact,

was able to share specific family planning

Republicans once strongly supported popu-

success stories from Iran and Mexico, which

lation stabilization and family planning. We

intrigued every group.”

need to raise the issue even if the audience

In reflecting on the incredible population

is not initially receptive so we can build a

growth that’s occurred over her lifetime, Jo

solid consensus. The facts support the bene-

Lynne shared this: “When my great-great-

fits of international family planning—for the

great grandparents settled the land that my

individual woman, for the environment, and

parents still live on in Texas, there were

for lasting peace and prosperity in the

about 1.5 billion people on earth. When I

world. We need to win over support from

was born there were about 2.5 billion. Now,

all, even those who may be initially hostile.”

there about 6.8 billion people on earth, with

Developing an effective outreach strategy

the latest billion added in the last 12 years.

requires time and creativity. Jo Lynne accu-

This is not sustainable.” Given these star-

rately notes that a challenge for Population

tling statistics, Jo Lynne is baffled by people

Connection members and activists is to

who speak of a “birth dearth.”

determine unique ways to engage others. She observes that the variety of outreach

Jo Lynne embodies our ideal grassroots advocate: bold, committed, knowledgeable

methods used by Population Connection,

about the issue, and self-motivated. Perhaps

such as John’s presentation at the thought

most importantly, she shares Population

leaders lunch, and grassroots projects

Connection’s belief that population stabiliza-

throughout the country, help to spur local

tion can and should be achieved through

activity.

voluntary access to family planning. She

The recent events that she organized

notes that in addition to the obvious bene-

remind her of her early days of involvement

fits for our planet, population stabilization is

in the population movement, when she had

crucial for breaking the cycle of poverty in

first moved to Colorado, and well organized

poor developing countries and for ushering

Population Connection members there were

in economic growth. It is for all these rea-

creating significant change at the local level.

sons that Jo Lynne is such a noteworthy

“The Population Connection staff helped us be prepared for productive meetings with www.popconnect.org

Jo Lynne Whiting: Colorado Population Connection advocate extraordinaire

advocate, and a model for others looking to become involved in population work. October 2009 — The Reporter

21


PopEd

Teacher Training News Building Capacity and Measuring Success By Pam Wasserman, Vice President for Education

Summer Institute Draws Top Educators

Many of us envy classroom teachers for having their summers “off.” Not so for the dedicated educators who attend our annual Population Education Leadership Institutes.

72 workshops for over 1,500 educators, who, in turn, reach over 100,000 students each year! Here’s what a few of this year’s participants had to say about the Institute:

These teachers are always “on,” embracing lifelong learning and planning new ways to

Thank you for organizing and leading

excite their students. Why else would they

such a fantastic training weekend. The

choose to spend precious vacation days in

activities were valuable, and the materials

August with us in a hotel conference room

were, well, invaluable!

in Washington, DC? This year, 34 educators from 19 states and

—Michael Lovorn, Assistant Professor, University of Alabama

Canada gathered to discover ways to expand Pop. Ed.’s outreach by leading work-

Thank YOU for hosting such a wonderful

shops in their local areas. More than half of

event. I can’t wait to do the Population

the participants were university faculty in

Connection activities—my students have

colleges of education. Beginning this school

already heard the “buzz” about it from last

year, they will incorporate population educa-

semester.

tion into their teaching methods courses on campuses from Tuscaloosa to Toronto. Other

—Catherine Pangan, Adjunct Professor, Butler University (IN)

attendees were K-12 teachers and administrators who will conduct professional development sessions in their school districts and

in pulling off such a great experience! It is

state conferences. Several environmental

further evidence that Population

educators rounded out our guest list.

Connection/Education is a vital, well organ-

Everyone comes prepared to participate.

The Reporter — October 2009

ized group that understands education—and

We simulate classroom activities, explore

educators! Time flew, activities were engag-

current issues around population and con-

ing and generated good discussion about

sumption trends, share ideas for new teach-

important issues—and isn’t that what edu-

ing resources, and plan future presentations.

cators need to be doing?

At the end of the weekend, attendees feel

22

Thank you so much for everyone’s efforts

—Carol McCullough, Educational

prepared to represent the Pop. Ed. Program

Consultant and David Messer, Assistant

in their communities. Alumni from our 2007

Professor, Clayton College and State

Leadership Institute have already presented

University (GA)


Measuring Our Impact

Each year, Population Education facilitators introduce about 12,000 teachers and future teachers to our curricula through 500-600 hands-on workshops around the country.

planned to use Pop. Ed. curricula for one or two class periods; a third plan to use them for a whole unit on population. • Teachers included our curricula in several subject areas, most notably: science

We engage them in innovative activities and

(41%), social studies (39%) and mathe-

send them back to their schools with class-

matics (8%).

room-ready lesson plans in hopes that they'll use the materials with their students. Then what? Do they use the materials? If so, how, and with how many students? A

• 80% of respondents rated Population Connection workshops as better than other professional development workshops they've attended as far as content,

year or two later, do they even remember

usefulness and presentation quality.

the Pop. Ed. presentation from the confer-

Our results tell us that our training ses-

ence they attended or university course they

sions and curricula are valued by teachers

took?

and that supporting the Pop. Ed. Program is

Being able to answer these questions

a worthwhile investment in building popula-

helps us to measure our effectiveness at pro-

tion literacy among young people. In fact, as

moting population awareness in schools

little as $50 covers the costs of a teacher to

across the country. To that end, we conduct

attend a workshop and take home valuable

surveys every two years to gather this infor-

teaching resources. For more information

mation from former workshop participants,

about our teacher workshops, visit

as we did this past May. Online survey links

www.populationeducation.org.

were emailed to 2007 and 2008 workshop attendees. Within a week, we had 1,500 responses, more than enough to help us gauge our impact. Here are some of the findings: • Over 60% of teachers had already used our lesson plans to teach an average of 85 K-12 students each year. • Of those who have used the materials, 94% felt that our activities effectively engaged their students and increased their awareness of population issues. Over 80% indicated that the curricula change their students' thinking about population growth. • 97 percent of respondents said they planned to use our curricula in future years.

Participants fro m the DC Sum mer Institute

• Half of respondents indicated that they www.popconnect.org

October 2009 — The Reporter

23


Remark

Used with the permission of Clay Bennett and the Washington Post Writers Group in conjunction with the Cartoonist Group. All rights reserved.

24

The Reporter — October 2009


PACNEWS Suva, Fiji At a time when the world is more focused on global poverty reduction than ever before, one of the most trusted, most cost effective and proven poverty reduction interventions is being neglected—and the human health and human

THE ROANOKE TIMES Roanoke, Virginia

For eight years, President Bush pushed abstinence-only education. Most studies have shown such an approach to be ineffective at best and counterproductive at worst. During Bush's two-terms, the nation spent nearly

rights benefits that family planning and contracep-

$1.5 billion on abstinence-only programs. That

tion have delivered over the last 40 years risk being

money was wasted.

reversed.

President Obama's proposed budget eliminates

Today, and every day, we are failing to meet the

almost all federal funding for those programs.

contraceptive needs and desires of over 200 million

States that stick with such programs will have to

women around the world, a situation that will only

foot the bill themselves.

intensify as the largest cohort of young people the

Given this data, it would be foolish to sink any

world has ever seen—some 1.5 billion young peo-

more money—whatever the source—into absti-

ple—becomes sexually active.

nence-only education.

—Editorial Excerpt, July 15, 2009

—Editorial Excerpt, July 31, 2009


Population Connection

NON PROFIT US POSTAGE PAID POPULATION CONNECTION

2120 L Street, NW, Suite 500 Washington, DC 20037

We hope you’ll consider Population Connection as you plan your estate. You can also participate in other forms of planned giving. Charitable Gift Annuities provide guaranteed life income along with significant tax advantages. If you or your financial advisor have any questions, please feel free to contact Natalie Widel, Development Associate, at 800-767-1956 or 202-332-2200.

If you’ve already included Zero Population Growth (ZPG) in your estate plans, there is no need to change any language. We proudly maintain the name and the mission.


The Reporter, Vol. 41 #3