Guidelines, rules or familiar tools that an artist can use to organize a work of art are called â€œprinciples.â€? The main principles include movement, unity, harmony, variety, balance, rhythm, emphasis, contrast, proportion and pattern. Proportion Proportion refers to size relationships within a painting or how one element relates to the whole. Repetition Repetition is a technique where creative objects are repeated in an artwork in order to highlight certain aspects of each, create intensity or appear minimal and move the observerâ€™s eye around the artwork.
Rhythm Rhythm is a pattern in an artwork that is conveyed with variations, like rolling hills, stars in a sky or waves on a beach. Secondary Colors Green, orange and violet are the secondary colors made by combining the three primary colors. The secondary colors are midway between the primary colors on the color wheel. Shape A shape in art is an enclosed area created with line, texture or color. There are geometric shapes, such as circles, ovals, triangles and rectangles, and organic shapes, which are free-form in appearance.