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solve two problems at once. First of all, we can use rational recycling. Secondly, we can reduce the amount of waste. It seems to make sense in economic terms, and just not because you don’t need to wash the cup. Today, waste collection costs are rising drastically in some places. It seems to me that a common sense solution is to burn your rubbish, of course, in an environmentally safe way, to recover energy. It is environmentally friendly, because we are thus able to significantly reduce the consumption of other fuels, such as coal or other fossil fuels. At the same time, this solves the problem of landfilling and accidental fires on waste disposal sites, which have been occurring in Poland for several years. Rubbish dumps keep catching fire, mountains of waste are growing, while we keep talking about how to extract plastics and other fractions from these mountains. I believe that Poland cannot afford to waste any more energy which can be recovered from waste. PM

In Poland, we are afraid of burning rubbish while waste incineration installations and technologies developed in Poland are in use in other countries. In Finland, which is often set as an example of the green economy, 60% of waste is incinerated. It is also worth looking at the French approach. We can learn how to rationally manage waste from them. There are plenty of incinerators in France where energy is recovered from waste. The SEFAKO industrial boiler factory has supplied many components for such incinerators, which have been installed in France, Sweden, Denmark and Finland. Recently, we have also supplied a lot of incinerators to the United Kingdom, where huge installations of this kind are being built. The whole world incinerates waste in a safe, environment-friendly and, equally importantly, economical way. PM

Is waste a good fuel? In our experience, RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel) has a calorific value of 10-12 MJ/kg. Now, brown coal obtained in the Bełchatów mine has only 7 MJ/kg, and in Bogatynia, Turoszów or Turów about 9 MJ/kg. So waste is more calorific than some types of coal burned in Polish power plants. By comparison, black coal, which is mined in Upper Silesia, has about 19-22 MJ/kg. This means that waste is very efficient as a fuel. It is also very cheap. PM

Residents may have concerns about the incineration of waste. I find it hard to understand why Polish society is so afraid of burning waste. Obviously, these fears are skilfully fuelled by environments who, for ideological and economic reasons, pursue their own interests, while opposing waste incineration. And yet lots of rubbish is burnt in Poland in fireplaces and stoves. It is not just about aesthetics and foul odours. Burning waste in such conditions breeds cancer. Those who burn their rubbish in this way poison themselves, their families and neighbours. PM

What is the difference between waste incineration in heating installations and burning rubbish in basic household stoves? During combustion at the temperature of a household stove, dioxins, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, benzoapyrene and other toxic substances are produced in very large quantities. The temperature inside a furnace chamber or boiler at an incineration plant is much higher. Thermal decomposition of compounds then occurs. And most importantly, there are appropriate filters and devices in incineration plants which remove harmful substances which are not released into the air. Waste incineration in PM

dedicated plants is safe for the environment. Incineration and heat-generating plants are equipped with systems for continuous monitoring of exhaust gases. They provide open access to monitoring data. I think it is a good idea to share the results with the public so that everyone can check if the waste incineration process in their city is going well. Are incineration plants huge installations like those SEFAKO has built in Malesice in the Czech capital of Prague, or can they be small local heat-generating plants in small towns? I have recently seen a picture showing an incineration plant in a very environmentfriendly and technically advanced country, which was fitted inside one of a row of houses lining a street. A similar small incinerator was built in Vienna. I have also visited Zurich where an incinerator is situated in between housing estates. It doesn't seem to bother anyone. Of course, you need to make sure that no unpleasant odours are released, but it is very easy to do. We now have solutions for both large cities and small municipalities tailored to their needs, economies and existing heating networks. We can reconcile various interests - reduce the price of waste collection and central heating for residents, • while acting in an eco-friendly way. PM

2-3/2020 polish market


Profile for Polish Market

Polish Market No.2-3 (293)/2020  

"Polish Market” is a prestigious English-language magazine published since 1996. In its pages, it promotes the Polish economy, businesses,...

Polish Market No.2-3 (293)/2020  

"Polish Market” is a prestigious English-language magazine published since 1996. In its pages, it promotes the Polish economy, businesses,...