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Wonderful Wildlife | Adventure awaits | National Parks Guide | Land Bank summer events PG. 2

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A supplement of the Journal of the San Juan Islands, Islands' Sounder and Islands' Weekly


2017 Parks & Trails Guide

Wonderful World of Wildlife

By Heather Spaulding From whales to hummingbirds, an abundance of wildlife calls the San Juan Islands home.

Marine wildlife:

While whales and porpoise are also common, the San Juans are famous for their salmon-eating resident orca whales. There are three resident orca pods known as J, K and L. Their massive black fins are hard to miss, however, pay close attention because transient orcas also frequent the

area. Transients tend to travel in smaller, quieter groups, as they are hunting marine mammals such as seals and sea lions. Transients have a straighter, sharper fin shape while residents’ fins tend to be more curved. Humpback, grays and minkes can also be spotted throughout the waters around the archipelago. Humpbacks have a massive spray while gray whales have a double blow hole, making their spout appear heart-like. Minkes are the smallest baleen whale and since

they have the ability to stay underwater for long periods of time, they can be difficult to spot. Look for a curved gray back and small hook fin. Harbor seals are plentiful, as are sea otters. To tell the difference between the two from a distance, take a good look at the head shape. A round head is most likely a harbor seal whereas a



3 4 5 7-14 16 18 19

sea otter will be smaller and have a notable pointed nose. The massive stellar sea lions are also common to the area, and might be mistaken for a seal at a distance. Sea lions’ heads are brown, very large and feature a protruding forehead.

Land wildlife

On land, black-tailed deer, rabbits and foxes are a few of the primary


A Bald Eagle on Lopez Island

animals. There are – though rare – flying squirrels in some of the forested areas. Flying squirrels are nocturnal, and shy, anyone

who sees one should consider themselves lucky. Continued on page 15



GROUP PUBLISHER: Colleen Smith Armstrong EDITOR: Cali Bagby CONTRIBUTING WRITERS: Cali Bagby, Hayley Day, Heather Spaulding and Mandi Johnson ADVERTISING SALES: Colleen Smith Armstrong and Cali Bagby CREATIVE ARTISTS: Mandi Johnson, Tate Thomson and Shane Watson

JOURNAL OF THE SAN JUANS: 640 Mullis St., Friday Harbor, WA 98250 P: 360-718-5696; F: 888-562-8818 ISLANDS’ SOUNDER & ISLANDS WEEKLY: 217 Main St., Eastsound, WA 98245 P: 360-376-4500, F: 888-562-8818

Frequent Departures To:

Roche Harbor • Lime Kiln State Park • SJ County Park • American Camp • English Camp Sculpture Park • Lakedale Resort • Alpaca Ranch • Vineyards • Lavender Farm • Snug Harbor Flag down the bus anywhere along the route, including the trail heads at Mt. Young and Mt. Grant Visit our website for more info on schedules, tips & tours • Weekends on Lopez & Orcas, daily on San Juan 378-8887 • • • $15 DAY PASS / $5 ONE-WAY

San Juan Islands, Washington


Hiking in Paradise Get away from it all: Island camping

Trail on Cascade Lake.


By Mandi Johnson Ocean sports are an obvious pastime in the San Juan Islands: Kayaking, boating and paddle boarding all top the bill when you think of outdoor adventures on an island. While out splashing in the water, it’s easy to forget the land, but there’s a lot of land to be explored. Hiking is a fun and healthy way to pass the time and view the beauty of the islands’ land. The largest of the islands, Orcas has many miles of trails – through thick forests, open meadows, to hidden beaches and up steep inclines. There are 38 miles of trails that take you all throughout Moran State Park, some shared with bikes and horses. The paths vary from easy to difficult, with the more simple trails tracing the perimeters of Cascade and Mountain lakes. If you're feeling adventurous, and have a few hours to spare, the hike from parking at Cascade Lake to the top of Mount Constitution is not to be missed. Other popular hikes include Turtleback Mountain, Crescent Beach Preserve and Obstruction Pass State Park. On Lopez Island, the trail at Lopez Hill is home to seven defined forested paths, more than over 400-acres through canyons, prairies, and rocky knolls and up the 525-foot hill. Hummel Lake Preserve, Agate Beach and Shark Reef Sanctuary are all easy hikes to scenic places located at various points around the island. A three-mile loop at Iceberg Point will take you to rocky cliffs with stunning views of the Olympic Peninsula On San Juan Island there’s Young Hill, which will take you through scenery and history with a 650-foot summit, offering views of San Juan Island, the Canadian Gulf Islands, Vancouver Island and more. South Beach at the American Camp National Historical Park is the longest public beach in the archipelago. Limekiln, Jakle's Lagoon and Mount Finlayson are also popular hiking destinations on the island.

Orcas Island Eclipse Charters Join us Whale & Wildlife Tours

Ask about our specials!

down at the Orcas Ferry Landing START WHERE THE WHALES ARE! • 360-376-6566

By Cali Bagby The rolling hillsides and miles of pristine beaches make the San Juan Islands a perfect place to spend a night in the great outdoors. Most campsites are totally accessible and family-friendly. All you have to do is decide if you want a spot lake-side or near the beach. Take a look below to find the top locations. To make a reservation at an island county park, visit CAMP/parkreservations/. To make a reservation at a state park, visit parks. You can also find out information about camping on outer islands at the above websites. Below is a list of main campgrounds in the San Juans.

San Juan Island

• San Juan County Park – Located on the west side, this popular scenic park looks out over the Haro Strait and the Strait of Juan De Fuca to Vancouver Island and beyond. Park amenities include water, picnic areas, toilets, beaches and a boat launch. It has 20 campsites, and reservations are recommended from May-September (360-378-8420).

Orcas Island

• Moran State Park – Stationed on 5,252 Orcas Island acres, the park features Continued on page 15

Your local connection for propane, marine, camping, fishing & hardware needs!

The helpful place.

Spring/Summer Hours: Mon-Sat:8am-7pm Sun: 9am-6pm Fall/Winter Hours: Mon-Sat:8am-6pm Sun: 9am-5pm • 360-378-4622 • 340 Argyle Ave

Be a Friend

Support Moran State Park The Friends of Moran strive to enhance the visitor experience by providing educational opportunities related to the cultural, historical and natural environments at the park.

We Need Volunteers

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2017 Parks & Trails Guide

Archipelago adventure awaits By Hayley Day A rural archipelago, in the northwest corner of Washington state, might not seem like an oasis for adventure. Yet, head to one of the three main islands — or the roughly 170 outer ones — for what may seem to be limitless outdoor activities. Kayaking, cycling and scuba diving are some local favorites.

Kayaking On the San Juans, world-class ocean kayaking is available only an hour ferry ride away from the mainland. Kayakers have the safety of protected waters, with the ability to view wildlife refuges and expansive views of the Cascades and Olympic Mountains. Kayak to state park islands like Sucia, Matia and Patos and camp for overnight stays and driftwood campfires. Or venture to the west side of San Juan Island for prime orca spotting. On San Juan Island, purchase a permit for $7 a day or $35 a season (from Memorial Day to Labor Day) to kayak in San Juan County Park. Or freely put your vessel in the water in Fisherman Bay or Otis Perkins County Day Park on Lopez Island. On Orcas, try kayaking in freshwater lakes, at Moran State Park, Cascade Lake and Mountain Lake. Several kayak tours are available on each island — some just right off the ferry on San Juan.

Cycling Pedal while gazing at scenic views of rolling hills on the islands or mountain ranges across the Salish Sea. Easy biking is best found on Lopez — the least hilly of the three main islands. More skilled cyclists can circumnavigate San Juan Island in a day on a 43-mile bike ride and extremists can pedal to the top

Something for Everyone Weekends!

Community Events

Parade – 10:30 AM, Kiwanis Pig War BBQ-11:30 AM, Music at the Port-6:00 PM, Fireworks – 10:00 PM July 15-16 Lavender Festival - Pelindaba Lavender Farm August 16-19 San Juan County Fair August 27 Concours d’Elegance September 2-4 Labor Day Weekend September 23 Friday Harbor Bike ‘n Brew FALL - TBA San Juan Vineyards Harvest Festival / 360-378-9463 November 3-5 Friday Harbor Film Festival December 1-31 Friday Harbor Winter Festival Island Lights December 1 - Old Fashion Christmas, Market and much more… 4th of July • 360-378-5240


Cyclists pedal Lopez Island, where the Chamber of Commerce sponsors a race every April. of Mount Constitution on Orcas. It’s about 2,400 feet above ground. Shorter routes on San Juan include a nine-mile ride to LimeKiln State Park. Pack a picnic for a lunch break at one of the park's benches, while looking for orcas. Bike rentals are available on the three main islands, like Island Bicycles in downtown Friday Harbor on San Juan or Wildlife Cycles in the heart of Eastsound on Orcas Island. There are races throughout the year, as well, including the Tour De Lopez every April on Lopez Island. Routes for this race range from five, 12, 17, and 31 miles long.

Scuba Diving Beginning divers, with gear, can head to the San Juan County Park on San Juan’s northern end. Experienced divers can try the island’s Limekiln State Park during ebb tides when the kelp isn’t too heavy to view octopus, eels, seals, and even orcas, though the latter are mostly above water. Currents can be strong and watch for commercial tanks causing waves, though the views are worth it. On the western side of Lopez, try Agate Beach for those with moderate experience. Swim out to Shark Fin Rock in the middle of the bay or Outer Rock a little north to see a variety of urchins. Also try Bell Island, between Orcas and Shaw, and Griffin Bay in Friday Harbor on San Juan Island.

Prescriptions • Souvenirs • T Shirts & Sweatshirts • Candy • Hallmark Cards & Gifts, Gift Wrap • Art, Office & School Supplies

San Juan Island’s Favorite Corner Store — Since 1920 — 210 Spring St, Friday Harbor • 378-4421 • Open Mon–Sat 9 am–7 pm; Sun. 10 am.–4 pm

San Juan Islands, Washington


Spectacular San Juan County Parks San Juan County operates 17 different parks spread across the four islands served by the state ferry system. The majority, 14 to be exact, are dayuse parks. Nearly all are situated along the shoreline and each offers a picturesque setting where one can gaze out over the water, break out a picnic basket, a book or a boogie board, or just sit back, relax and watch the world — or whales — go by. The most prized of county parks are its three campgrounds. Why? Location, location, location. All three, with more than 60 campsites and 150 acres combined, are positioned on the shoreline and offer quick and easy access in and out of the water. Located about a mile south of the ferry landing on Lopez Island, Odlin Park  features 30 campsites — nine by the beach — a boat ramp, dock, mooring buoys, a softball field and a picnic area with a covered pavilion. It also boasts an extensive network of trails that weave along the shoreline and through the woodlands of the 80acre campground and park. Shaw Island County Park, on the banks of Indian Cove, has the longest stretch of white sandy beach — 4,610 feet — in the San Juans, as well as 11 campsites, a picnic shelter and a boat ramp for shallow-draft vessels. It’s about two miles south of the ferry landing, overlooking Thatcher Pass. Coveted for decades by boaters and campers alike, San Juan County Park  rests on shore of San Juan Island’s spectacular westside, looks out toward Canada over Haro Strait and is perhaps the most perfect spot on the globe to launch a kayak or soak up a sunset. The 12-acre park features 20 campsites, a boat ramp, gravel beach and, like the Odlin and Shaw campgrounds, is part of the Cascadia Marine Trail system. (For more on county parks and campgrounds, or to reserve a campsite, visit,, or call(360) 378-8420.)

semi-resident killer whales forage the waters of their seasonal hunting grounds, is Lime Kiln State Park. Although it has no campsites, Lime Kiln features a historic lighthouse built in 1919 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Because of the frequency with which the orca whales travel by, Lime Kiln is also known as Whale Watch Park. In addition to the “Big 3” mentioned above, state parks also manages eight marine parks accessible only by boat, kayak or canoe. Several have docks, like Stuart Island, and most, such as Matia, Sucia, James and Jones, feature protected coves, modestly STAFF PHOTO/MANDI JOHNSON PHOTO equipped campsites and mooring Nearly 6,000 acres of the San Juan Islands are Washington State Parks. Spenser Spit State buoys. Park, in the above image, is home to 200 of those acres. (For more on Washington State Parks an stone observation tower — built campgrounds and marine parks, visWashington State by the Civilian Conservation Corps in it Parks 1936 — 151 tent sites, a playground Wherever you go in the San Juan and swim area, picnic pavilion and Islands, there’s a state park nearby. more than 35 miles of hiking trails. Washington State Parks manages 15 While no match for Moran sizeseparate parks totaling nearly 6,000 wise, Spencer Spit State Park boasts acres, including two of the more penearly two miles of saltwater shorerennially popular campgrounds in the line, 42 fully equipped campsites and entire state system, Moran State Park a total of 16 mooring buoys, a consison Orcas Island and Lopez Island’s tent draw for the boating crowd. The Spencer Spit State Park. 138-acre park and campground is also Home to the tallest peak in the ishome to a rustic clam-shelling shack lands, Mount Constitution, at 2,409 from days gone by, which rests on a feet,  Moran State Park, with more rocky sandbar that stretches out to than 5,000 acres, encompasses the nearby Frost Island like a spear. vast majority of the island’s state park On the westside of San Juan Island. It features old-growth forests, alland, overlooking the busy waterway pine meadows, five fresh water lakes, of Haro Strait, where three pods of

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2017 Parks & Trails Guide

Moran State Park Submitted by Friends of Moran Pass through the welcome arch at Moran State Park, and time begins to slow. You’ll find yourself in a northwest island frame of mind, free to relax, breathe and head into the vast, varied terrain. Hike, cycle or drive to the summit of Mount Constitution for expansive views of the San Juan archipelago. Climb the historic stone tower on the mountaintop for an even grander view. Enjoy the park’s five lakes, where you can swim, kayak, standup paddle or fish for rainbow trout. Explore the park’s 38 miles of hiking trails, or take a trail ride on your favorite bike or with your trusted horse. Stroll through a natural preserve to spot birds and wildlife. Set up camp under the stars, or enjoy “glamping” in a luxury platform tent. Wind down by the lake with a good book, or venture back in time with a closer look at the park’s struc-

tures, more than 20 of which were built by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression. Whether it’s a day trip or an extended stay, Moran State Park offers a chance to refresh, renew and expand your horizons. Moran State Park’s 5,252-acres offers abundant camping (151 sites), five freshwater lakes for swimming and non-motorized boating and more than 30 miles of hiking, bicycling, mountain biking and equestrian trails. Mount Constitution stands 2,409 feet above sea level.

Park improvements

Maintaining over 5,200 acres, five fresh-water lakes and 39 miles of trails is no “walk in the park” for the small but dedicated staff of Orcas Islands’ State Parks. However, many park projects are in the works to improve, upgrade and restore iconic buildings and infra-

structure. The observation tower at the summit has had a complete make-over with structural restoration, stone work and refurbishment of the wooden structure. In addition, the interpretive panels both in the tower and at the top of the tower have been updated and replaced along with better lighting. More emphasis has been placed on the design and building of the tower in the 1930’s by the Civilian Conservation Corps through today’s restoration efforts. The tower will be reopened to visitors in time for the 4th of July weekend 2017. Also at the summit, the old KVOS building that housed the Summit Learning Center and public bathrooms has been removed and construction has begun on new Comfort Stations that will be fully ADA compliant. What has not changed is the Summit Gift Shop operated by Friends of Moran and a small team of volunteers. The shop features wonderful park-related souvenirs and a good representation of wares from local artists. All proceeds from the nonprofit gift shop revert back to Moran State Park and fund the operation of the Moran Creek Hatchery, emergency phones in the park, the summit web cam, weather station and the summer intern program. The Western Washington University interns and volunteers have returned to Moran State Park for another season of educational outreach and various park projects including the mapping via GPS of all park bridges. Further down the mountain, the water system has been upgraded at Mountain Lake and roadwork is under way along the entire stretch from Olga Road to the summit. Work on the road will be complete just in time for summer visitors.

Specialty Foods & Cookware Specialty Foods &Foods Cookware 23 Public Preserves Specialty & Cookware Yours to Explore 365 Days a Year!

Specialty Foods & Cookware

• Local Jams, Sauces, & Wines • Galley Essentials • Local Jams, Sauces, & Wines Local Jams, Sauces, Local Jams, & Wines • Rare Ingredients • Galley• Essentials Sauces Supplies & Wines • Galley••Essentials Picnic • Rare Ingredients Local Jams, Sauces, & Wines Galley Essentials Picnic and day-use • Rare Ingredients •Galley Tea,Essentials Chocolate, & Spices • Picnic•Supplies The park provides two kitchen shel• Rare Ingredients Tea, Chocolate with and two without electricity, Provisionerstersto • Picnic •Supplies Picnic Supplies • Tea, Chocolate, & Spices & Spices plus six sheltered and 55 unsheltered

•Discerning Tea, Chocolate, & Spices Chefs Since picnic tables.1969 Most facilities are availProvisioners to & toSpices • Tea, Chocolate, Provisioners able first come, first served. Discerning Chefs–1969 Since 1969 Monday Open 10am 5:30pm, – Saturday Discerning Chefs Since Provisioners to The log kitchen shelter located at the

21 Spring Street, Friday Harbor, Cascade Lake swim area is reservable. Discerning Chefs Since 1969 It includes stone fireplace, wood grill, Open 10am – 5:30pm, Monday – Saturday

Spring Street, Friday Harbor, Open 10am – 5:30pm,21Monday – Saturday

360-378-2251 360-378-2251 21 Spring Street, Friday Harbor, sink, electrical outlets, and lights. Ca-

Open 10am – 5:30pm, Monday – Saturday

pacity is 100 people. Parking for this shelter is shared with swim beach users and may fill up on summer days from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. There is a short, self-guided interpretive trail near the kitchen shelter in the day-use area. Interpretive displays in the observation tower on Mount Constitution tell the story of Robert Moran and the Civilian Conservation Corps.

Additional information

A snack bar and boat rentals are available Memorial Day through Labor Day. Call Orcas Adventures at 360-376-4665 for boating information. Certain bike trails are closed seasonally. Eleven miles are open yearround, and September 15 - May 15 there are 25 miles open to bicycle use. Cascade Lake is stocked yearly by the Department of Fish and Wildlife. Species include rainbow, cutthroat, and kokanee trout. A recreational license is required for fishing and shellfish harvesting at Washington state parks. For regulations, fishing season information, or to purchase a recreational license, visit the  Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Activities Trails 6 miles of horse trails 11 miles of bike trails 38 miles of hiking trails Water Boating (non-motorized) Freshwater fishing Swimming Two boat ramps Other Bird watching Fire circle Mountain biking Wildlife viewing Interpretive Opportunities

San Juan Islands, Washington

7 National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

San Juan Island National Historical Park

2016-2017 Guide to American and English Camps Park founded to celebrate peace and nature

Park Purpose


ne hundred and fifty-one years ago, an American farmer named Lyman Cutlar shot and killed a Hudson’s Bay Company pig rooting in his San Juan Island potato patch. In so doing, he nearly started a war between the United States and Great Britain. Fortunately, men of vision and moral authority on both sides realized the folly of bloodshed over a 54-square-mile island far from the seats of power. Today the park celebrates the peaceful resolution of the 1859 “Pig War” – the last international boundary dispute between Great Britain and the United States, when the only casualty was a Berkshire boar. Though history does not change, the way we see it does, and the park itself continues to grow and evolve. In addition to our compelling (if not quirky) historical narrative, the park also offers a wide variety of recreational opportunities in a stunning landscape amidst rare wildlife. Look inside to see what’s English Camp’s commissary, blockhouse going on this summer. Come visit us at both American and English Camps and and formal garden sit at the edge of the Play-Learn-Grow! embankment on Garrison Bay.

Public transportation to English and American camps San Juan Transit & Tours: 378-8887. Regularly scheduled routes north to English Camp and south to American Camps during the summer season. Walk on the ferry and enjoy some of the most spectacular hiking trails in the region. Bob’s Taxi & Tours: 378-6777 or (877) 4-TAXIBOB. Service to all points on request. San Juan Taxi: 378-3550 or 378TAXI. Bike and kayak racks on all vehicles. Classic Cab Company 378-7519.

Island Bicycles: 378-4941. Bicycles. Open daily. Susie’s Mopeds: 378-5244 or (800) 532-0087. Mopeds and automobiles. Friday Harbor Marine: 378-6202. Electric boats, runabouts, kayaks, fishing kayaks, dive shop, sailing school and high-speed water taxies. M&W Rental Cars: 378-2794 or (800) 323-6037 Automobile and van rentals and automobile sales. Island Tours/Taxi: 378-4453.

The purpose of San Juan Island National Historical Park is to preserve and interpret the sites of American and English Camps and to commemorate the events associated with the final settlement and peaceful arbitration of the Oregon boundary dispute, including the Pig War crisis of 1859. Within these two cultural landscapes, the park also protects and interprets natural resources and fosters connections between people and the land.

Inside this issue: Programs


From living history to nature to evenings of song and dance, it’s all here. Check our program guide. (pg. 7)

San Juan Island National Historical Park provides habitat for many species of animals. When you visit the park, you are visiting their home. (pg. 11)



American and English camps offer numerous hiking trails. Browse our maps and trail guide to find one that suits you. (pp. 8 & 9)

During the National Park Service Centennial in 2016, the community around the national park on San Juan Island was honored with a gift from Coast Salish peoples whose ancestors long inhabited our islands. (pg. 12)


2017 Parks & Trails Guide

Basic information

National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

San Juan Island National Historical Park Superintendent Elexis Fredy

Contact Information Superintendent San Juan Island NHP P.O. Box 429 Friday Harbor, WA 98250 E-mail SAJH_Administration@nps. gov Administration (360) 378-2240, ext. 2221 FAX: (360) 378-2615 Visitor Services (360) 378-2240, ext. 2233 Website Follow us on Facebook The park is administered by the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Cover: The banner image taken at English Camp on Garrison Bay, reveals the layers of human habitation on San Juan Island. Resting on a traditional Lummi village site, the canoe is in the foreground, XWLELI, was crafted by Lummi canoe carver Matthew Ballew. In the background are the blockhouse, barracks and commissary - surviving relics of the 12-year occupation of the site by Royal Marines in the aftermath of the “Pig War” from 1860 to 1872. This guide is published in cooperation with The Journal of the San Juan Islands. The National Park Service cannot guarantee the relevance, timeliness or accuracy of the materials provided by the advertisers or other organizations, nor does the NPS endorse other organizations or their views, products or services.


The Pig War of 1859: A close call

n July 27, 1859, George E. Pickett’s Company D, 9th Infantry, arrived on San Juan Island with a mission to protect United States citizens from the British government on Vancouver Island. The reason? An American settler named Lyman Cutlar had shot a pig belonging to Britain’s Hudson’s Bay Company. The fur trading “HBC” had established successful trading centers in the Oregon Country decades before the Oregon Trail brought American settlers into the Pacific Northwest. So it was with no small resentment that they were forced to move their operations north of the 49th parallel after the 1846 Treaty of Oregon was signed by the United States and Great Britain. The treaty extended the international boundary from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean – to the “middle of the channel, which separates the continent from Vancouver Island.” Reaching salt water, the boundary dips south of 49° to the Strait of Juan de Fuca, preserving Britain’s claim to what soon became the Crown Colony of Vancouver Island. What the treaty failed to specify was how that boundary made its way through the San Juan archipelago on its way to the Strait and out to open ocean. Two navigable channels existed – the Haro Strait to the west of the islands, and the Rosario Strait to the east. For two countries that had been arguing about real estate for over seventy years, even remote rocks like the San Juan Islands easily gave rise to knee-jerk conflict. Both nations claimed the archipelago. To solidify the British claim, the Hudson’s Bay Company (based in nearby Fort Victoria) established the Belle Vue


petition the U.S. Army in Fort Steilacoom for military support . Everyone overreacted, particularly U.S. Department of Oregon commander Brig. Gen. William S. Harney, who issued Pickett his orders to occupy the island. British Columbia Gov. James Douglas responded by sending three warships under Royal Navy Capt. Geoffrey Phipps Hornby to dislodge Pickett and his company of 66 men. With British warships in Griffin Bay pointing their great guns at Pickett’s Company D, the Americans began digging in – constructing the earthwork redoubt that still stands today at American Camp, complete with gun emplacements for the company’s 32-pound guns. A stalemate ensued for more than three months until U.S. Army commander Lt. Gen. Winfield Scott was dispatched from the East Coast to mediate the crisis. Scott and Douglas negotiated a standdown while the two governments arranged a joint military occupation of the island. The Americans remained at Cattle Point on the south end of the island, and the Royal Marines established a camp 13 miles north in March 1860. A peaceful coexistence on San Juan began just as all eyes turned east The Americans, meanwhile, befor the more impressive conflict brewlieved the San Juan Islands belonged ing – the Civil War. to them. By 1859 about 18 of them, The joint occupation ended 12 long including Cutlar, had settled San Juan years later, after the Civil War, when Island in anticipation of official Ameri- Kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany, actcan possession. Neither group acing as arbitrator, selected a three-man knowledged the jurisdiction or taxing commission who settled the dispute by authority of the other. awarding the San Juan Islands to the Multiple incidents ensued over the next United States. The Royal Marines and several years, culminating in Cutlar’s the U.S. Army closed the camps and pig murder in June 1859. British auwent home, ending the so-called “Pig thorities threatened Cutlar with arrest War” – the unfortunate Berkshire boar if he did not pay for the pig, compelthe only casualty. ling the handful of American settlers to

Sheep Farm on the southern end of the island in 1853 – just as the fledgling Washington Territory achieved independence from the Oregon Territory. The farm employed a multicultural workforce of English, Scottish, Hawaiian, French Canadian, native, metis and even occasional Chinese laborers, managing an impressive flock of up to 4,500 sheep. And, of course, at least one pig.

Fast facts about park hours and laws

oth park units are day-useonly. Hours are: English Camp: Dawn to 11 p.m.. Royal Marine Barracks contact station is open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily, through September 6. American Camp: Dawn to 11 p.m. Visitor Center is open 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily, through September 6. The visitor center is open 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Wednesday-Sunday, during the winter season. Pets must be kept on a leash within park boundaries. Bags are

provided to clean up after them. Please respect the leash law—it not only protects fragile plants and wildlife, but other visitors and their pets as well.

using metal detectors is strictly prohibited. Please do not disturb natural features and ruins. You may collect fruits, nuts, unoccupied seashells and mushrooms. English and American camps Off-road travel (by four-wheeled are important archaeological areas vehicles or mopeds) is not allowed dating back 8,000 years to the time in the park. of the Coast Salish Indians and Use or possession of fireworks is Canadian First Nations peoples. prohibited year-round. Horseback Artifacts are on display at the riding is allowed by permit only. American Camp visitor center. It is unlawful to hunt, trap or Because artifacts are protected under discharge firearms within the park federal law, collecting, digging or boundaries.

San Juan Islands, Washington


2017 Summer Program Guide: something for everyone Weekly Programs Weekly programs scheduled below also are available on request. For information, call 360-378-2240, ext. 2226, or go to Also follow us on Facebook at www. Contra Dancing at English Camp — Folk singer Michael Cohen and local folk musicians present an evening of traditional folk tunes and dancing for those wishing a turn on the superb Hikers enjoy the view of the northern end of San Juan Island and the Haro Strait on the way to the summit of Young Hill. wood floor of the 150 year old Marine The trail winds through forests and across rocky balds from its starting point in the English Camp parking area. A weekly Barracks. walk is scheduled on this trail, as well as the Frazer Homestead, Salmon Bank and the Jakle’s Lagoon/Mt. Finlayson trails. Mondays, 7:30 p.m. to 9 p.m., June 12 to August 21, English Camp barracks. Special Programs a solar eclipse, how to enjoy a partial July 8, 10 a.m., South Beach. All programs are free and open eclipse, and much more! August 9, 7 Wildlife in the San Juan Islands — Coast Salish Canoe Journey Landto the public, except when noted. p.m. at San Juan Island Library. Puzzled by an animal or bird? Wolf ing — Check the park website and Programs are subject to change Hollow Wildlife Rehabilitation Center A million-mile walk — Join National Facebook page for more informawithout prior notice. For updates staff are here to answer your quesParks Education Specialist, Raena tion on this rare Coast Salish Canoe on additional programs and actions. Founded in 1982, Wolf Hollow Parsons, on a journey millions of Journey landing in Garrison Bay as cessibility information, call San is a non-profit organization located years into the past at American the date approaches. Native canoe Juan Island National Historic Part on San Juan Island in Northwest Camp. We will investigate the geofamilies from various locales will be at (360) 378-2240, ext. 2226; visit Washington State. We serve all of San logic forces that shaped San Juan en route to the 2017 Tribal Journey our website at or Juan and Skagit Counties and northIsland, demonstrate plate tectonics to Campbell River on Vancouver find us on Facebook. ern Whidbey Island. (with cookies–yum!), and discuss Island in early August. The public 1 to 3 p.m., Thursdays, June 9 to Encampment 2015 — Park staff, earthquakes and other geologic will be invited to witness the cultural August 25, English Camp barracks. volunteers and re-enactors from hazards in our region. Comfortable protocols of canoes coming ashore throughout the Pacific Northwest hiking shoes, water, sunscreen, and a on traditional native land. Further Living History: Life during the Joint and Canada recreate life on San sense of adventure are recommendprogramming details TBA. July 25 Military Occupation on San Juan Juan Island at mid-19th century. The at English Camp Parade Ground. ed. August 12, 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. at Island — Park rangers and volunteers Candlelight Ball is scheduled 7:30 to American Camp Visitor Center recreate military and civilian life dur10 p.m. on Saturday. All day, Saturparking lot. Sheep to Shawl — Join weavers ing the island’s early pioneer period. day and Sunday, July 28-30, English throughout the San Juan Island Activities include blacksmithing, Camp parade ground. Eclipse Viewing Party — San Juan when they gather in the barracks to coopering, weaving, needlework and Island National Historical Park demonstrate how pioneers transexhibitions of military equipment and The Candlelight Ball — Vintage formed raw wool into yarn, and wit- will be hosting an Eclipse Viewing skills. music and traditional dances are just ness how a period loom transforms Party at South Beach on August Saturdays, noon to 3 p.m., June 17 part of the fun at our annual candle- the yarn into cloth for blankets, 21st from 8:30 a.m. to noon where to August 26, English Camp parade light ball. All are welcome. 7:30 to you can come safely view the sun apparel and more. All day, Sunday, ground. 10 p.m. on Saturday, July 29 at the with solar-viewing glasses or teleAugust 6, English Camp parade English Camp Barracks. scopes with solar filters, learn about ground. The Army Culture of San Juan renewable energy sources, make Island — Despite it’s remote location, Paint in the Park — Join Education solar prints, and so much more! Solar Eclipse 101 — On August the officers of Camp San Juan endeavSpecialist, Raena Parsons, for a reA huge thanks to our partners for 21, the 2017 Solar Eclipse Across ored to maintain a decorum of civility laxing morning of plein air painting America will be visible across the making this event possible: San Juan at their contemporary home. Former or sketching. Supplies will not be Islands National Monument, Island continental United States. The San Park Ranger Detlef Wieck and his provided, please bring your own. Rec, San Juan Island Library, San Juan Islands are located north of wife Kathleen are joined by volunNo experience required. Children Juan Islands Conservation District, totality, yet visitors will still be able teer Jonathan Marler in explaining must be accompanied by an adult San Juan County Land Bank, Indigto experience 80-85% of a total the music, stories and personalities for the duration of the program. eclipse—a stunning phenomenon as enous Education Institute, Friends of American military island culture. Portable chairs and drinking water the moon moves in front of the sun. of Lime Kiln Society, and Friends of Most Saturdays, noon to 3 p.m., are recommended. Program will be the San Juans. August 21, 8:30 a.m. to Join Education Specialist, Raena Officer’s Quarters. cancelled during inclement weather. Parsons, to learn about the basics of noon at South Beach


2017 Parks & Trails Guide

English Camp

Mandi Johnson photo

Trails and Features Young Hill trail — Hike this fairly steep trail up 650 feet to the top of Young Hill for a panoramic view of the island group’s northwest corner, Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands. Novice walkers should take care to pace themselves as most of the gain is in the last half mile. An exhibit panel identifying geographic features is mounted on an overlook about two-thirds of the way up the hill. Another panel is on the summit. (1.25 mi. from parking area to summit.)

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Royal Marine Cemetery—The Royal Marine cemetery is about 50 yards off the Young Hill trail, about a third of the way up. Five Royal Marines are interred, and a memorial stone is in place for two other marines. A stone also commemorates a civilian who was accidentally shot by his brother while hunting. Bell Point trail—Walk the mile-long, fairly level trail to Bell Point for a view of Westcott Bay. If you like to harvest shellfish, check with the park ranger at the visitor center for information on licensing, locations, daily limits and red tide warnings. (2-mi. loop.) Self-guided walk—Relive the Royal Marine-era by following the exhibit waysides scattered about the parade ground and Officers Hill. Each sign explains an existing building (or a spot where one once stood) or some aspect of daily life during the joint military occupation of San Juan Island. (.25-mi. loop.) English formal garden—This reconstructed flower and herb garden— originally known as the “strawberry garden”—lies between the officers’ quarters site and the parade ground. The camp’s second commanding officer had the original built for his family to remind them of home. Westcott Bay trail—Follow in the footsteps of the Royal Marines to the park’s newly acquired lands on Westcott Bay. Ask a park ranger for directions to the trail connection completed in 2013 in partnership with the San Juan Island Trails Committee and San Juan County Land Bank. (3-mi. one way.)

San Juan Islands, Washington


American Camp

Self-guided history walk—Relive the Pig War along the trail that starts and finishes in the visitor center parking area. Exhibit waysides along the trail tell the boundary dispute story. (1.25mi. loop.) Frazer Homestead trail—Trace the route of the old Military Road from the visitor center north to Rosler Road on this joint project of the park, San Juan County Land Bank and the San Juan Trails Committee. Highlights include two small prairies and a pine forest. (2.9-mi. round trip) Prairie walks—Primitive tracks crisscross the prairie and trace the bluff from Grandma’s Cove to South Beach and back to the visitor center via the Redoubt. A great place for viewing orca whales, the redoubt also offers a regional perspective with views of Mt. Baker, the Olympic and Cascade

ranges, Vancouver Island, and on an exceptionally clear day, even Mt. Rainier, 130 miles up Admiralty Inlet. (2.5-mi. loop.) Grandma’s Cove—Stroll downhill to one of the finest beaches on the island and a favorite of San Juan Islanders. Use caution when descending the bluff. (.9-mi. round trip.) Jakle’s Lagoon trail—Pick up a self-guided walk booklet, hike along the old roadbed and enjoy the quiet of a Douglas fir, cedar and hemlock canopy. (1.5-mi. to the lagoon.) Mt. Finlayson trail—Hike along the grassy ridge to the top of Mt. Finlayson where you can see Mt. Baker to the east, Mt. Rainier to the southeast, the Olympic Mountains

to the south and Vancouver Island, British Columbia to the west. Be on the alert for horseback riders and ensure your dogs are on leash for the safety of all. (3-mi. loop.)

South Beach trail—Follow the track of U.S. Army water wagons from the South Beach springs and enjoy the prairies in this trek starting just below the Redoubt. Raptors dip and soar on the hunt for small mammals and deer feed among tall grasses. (2-mi. round trip from visitor center)

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2017 Parks & Trails Guide

Keep Wildlife Wild Safely Viewing Wildlife San Juan Island National Historical Park provides habitat for many species of animals. When you visit the park, you are visiting their home. The choices you make have a direct effect on the wild animals that live here. By following the simple steps listed here you can help protect these animals and help to keep wildlife wild. Do not approach any wildlife within 25 yards (23 m). Keep a safe distance from all wildlife. • Use binoculars or telephoto lenses for safe viewing and to avoid disturbing them. By being sensitive to its needs, you will see more of an animal’s natural behavior and activity. If you cause an animal to move, you are too close! It is illegal to willfully remain near or approach wildlife, including birds, within ANY distance that disturbs or displaces the animal. • Some wildlife has unfortunately been conditioned to human presence and may approach you or your possessions looking for food. It is your responsibility to move away and discourage direct interactions. Do Not Feed Foxes or Other Wildlife You may think you are doing wildlife a favor, but feeding them can result in harm to yourself and the animal because: • Wildlife can lose their natural fear of

A red fox on San Juan Island humans. This can create a situation where animals bite or attack. If this happens the animal may have to be destroyed. • It attracts animals to roadways and parking lots where deadly and dangerous accidents can occur. • Mammals and birds carry diseases that can be fatal to humans or their pets. • Human food affects their immune

and digestive systems leading to premature death. • Animals lose their natural fear of humans and could become more vulnerable to pets and humans who might harm them. • Increased territorial behavior and fighting may occur when many animals are attracted to small areas competing for the same food source. There is plenty of natural food in the park How You Can Help • Do not approach any wildlife within 25 yards • Do not feed wildlife • Discourage close encounters with animals –it is your responsibility to get out of the animals space • Dispose of waste properly Our non-native red foxes come in many shades, including silver and black. They were introduced on San Juan Island to help combat the problematic population of European rabbits – also a non-native species. The foxes have a big job. Our non-native red foxes come in many shades, including silver and black. They were introduced on San Juan Island to help combat the problematic population of European rabbits – also a non-native species. The foxes have a big job.

Marble Butterfly What’s the big deal about this butterfly? The island marble butterfly is found ONLY on San Juan Island! It lives only 6-9 days as an adult and over 10 months as a cocoon. It was believed to be extinct for decades and then was re-discovered in 1998. Deer are one of the primary threats to its survival. Experts believe that there are only a few hundred left in the wild. It is a beautiful butterfly that looks like a common Cabbage White until it stops flying and you can see its underside. The largest population of island marbles lives here at American Camp. Butterflies lay their eggs on host plants. These specific plants are used because they grow in synchrony with the different caterpillar stages (called instars), providing succulent food and adequate shelter for each of the five stages of the caterpillar’s growth. Unfortunately deer love to browse on the island marble’s host plant and often consume caterpillars and eggs unwittingly while eating their favorite wild greens. Wasps, spiders, and rain-free springs are also hazards to island marble caterpillars. Significant sources of mortality for the adult stage are currently unknown and even less is known about threats to the cocoon stage. What is the Park doing to aid in the recovery of this species? The Park is engaged in many activities to try to restore island marble populations to the levels seen in the early 2000’s: • Rearing Lab—each season, dozens of wild eggs are collected and reared in the safety of a climate controlled and predator-free lab.

The cocoons over-winter in the lab and are released in the spring. Last year, we released 106 healthy butterflies! We have 145 cocoons ready to emerge this year. • Monitoring – for the last decade, students, volunteers, consultants, and several state and federal agencies have collaborated in conducting surveys along established transects. The total number of butterflies seen on these transects can then be compared from year to year and used to detect changes in the overall population. • Research – experts from the University of Washington are engaged in a variety of studies in order to better understand how this organism interacts with its environment. These projects have identified key components of its natural history such as sources of mortality and preferred conditions for laying eggs, however much remains unknown. • Habitat Restoration – with the help of outside researchers, the Park has designed Marble butterfly a strategy for creating more suitable island marble habitat. Native nectaring plants, as well as host plants are raised in the Park’s nursery. The seeds are collected and dispersed in targeted areas within American Camp. • Fencing – regions of the Park have been fenced off to exclude deer. Other fences have been erected to prevent humans and their pets from accidentally trampling host plants. These fences improve the chances of a caterpillar reaching maturity, and emerging as a beautiful butterfly next spring. You will likely see some as you walk around the park. For more information please contact Jenny Shrum, 360-378-2240 ext. 2225 or

San Juan Islands, Washington


Our Totem Pole and Story Boards

Aaron Shepard photos

During the National Park Service Centennial in 2016, the community around the national park on San Juan Island was honored with a gift from Coast Salish peoples whose ancestors long inhabited our islands. Members of the Lummi and Saanich nations dedicated their birthday gift – a Reef Net Captain Totem Pole and two carved Salmon Story Boards at the park’s English Camp Parade Ground on August 25th, 2016. The public ceremony associated with the gift’s dedication heralded a new era, one that fosters greater mutual understanding and respect between all cultures through a shared love of this beautiful place. Coast Salish peoples from all around the Salish Sea used San Juan Island as a shared resource for thousands of years, attracted especially by the phenomenally productive “Salmon Banks” fishing area at South Beach. For centuries, Lummi, Saanich, Songhees, Sooke, Samish, Klallam, Swinomish and other tribes met on these islands, forged family ties and shared a deep, rich cultural life. As park superintendent Elexis Fredy remarked about the totem pole and storyboards, “The artwork is symbolic of their history and culture and something for the park service to honor and represent.” The park is committed to promoting this shared vision of friendship and stewardship – making our first people welcome on their traditional shores, and educating the public about their past, present and future.

San Juan Islands, Washington


Park Description and Significance Statement Park Description San Juan Island National Historical Park was established by Congress in 1966 to preserve and interpret the sites of American and British Camps on the island, which commemorate the historic events that occurred there from 1853 to 1871 – the final settlement and peaceful arbitration of the Oregon Territory boundary dispute, including the so-called Pig War of 1859. The park illustrates, in its dramatic and largely intact physical setting, how war can be averted and peace maintained through positive action by individuals and governments. This narrative also provides a window into the little known multicultural and international communities that clashed and coexisted on this shared landscape during the early Territorial period of western Washington. Today, San Juan Island National Historical Park provides a glimpse of life on the island in the mid-1800s, with stunning vistas, a variety of distinct ecosystems, and diverse recreation. The park consists of two distinct units, American Camp (1,223 acres) and English Camp (915 acres). The marine ecosystems surrounding these units and their 6 miles of publicly accessible shoreline are renowned for their scenery. The diverse natural resources and historical significance of the park attract more than 250,000 visitors each year, mostly on weekends and during the summer months. Humans have lived on San Juan Island for thousands of years, making use of the abundant natural resources of the archipelago. The sites

National Historical Park Significance Statement Significance statements express why a park’s resources and values are important enough to merit designation as a unit of the national park system. These statements are linked to the purpose of San Juan Island National Historical Park, and are supported by date, research, and consensus. Statements of significance describe the distinctive nature of the park and why an area is important within a global, national, regional, and systemwide context. They focus on the most important resources and values that will assist in park planning and management.

that hosted English and American Camps served as gathering places, and the soil and vegetation communities of both sites influenced the settlement and use of these areas by indigenous peoples and Europeans alike. English Camp is significant as the location of a British Royal Marines camp during the 12-year occupation of the island by British and American troops. It also offered Coast Salish people a protected living area for gathering shellfish and other marine resources. Situated on Garrison and Westcott Bays, the unit comprises marine shoreline, a broad level bank, and surrounding hillsides that host Garry oak woodland/savannah. English Camp features significant historic resources, including four buildings from the military period, the cultural landscape, extensive earth and masonry work, numerous archeo-

The following significance statements have been identified for San Juan Island National Historical Park. (Please note that the sequence of the statements does not reflect the level of significance.) • San Juan Island National Historical Park commemorates and interprets the arbitration and resolution of an international boundary dispute and the establishment of lasting, peaceful relationships between the United States, Great Britain, and Canada. • American and English Camps are national historical landmarks that preserve the authentic settings of these mid-19th century military encampments and associated communities. The

logical sites, and spaces sacred to the Coast Salish people. In 2010 and 2013, the park added the Mitchell Hill and Westcott Bay properties, respectively, to the English Camp unit, increasing park lands by 386 acres of woodlands, uplands, and tidelands. Trails on these lands connect to English Camp and Roche Harbor Highlands trail systems, and are open to hikers, mountain bikers, horses and dogs-on-leash, but are closed to motorized vehicles. Segments of an extant historic road, constructed by the British Royal Marines, traverse the property. American Camp is significant as the location of the U.S. Army camp during the joint occupation, but it was also significant to the first inhabitants. The prairies were an important base for harvesting native plants and game, and the shorelines were optimal for fishing and collecting shellfish and other marine resources. The site occupies part of the southeast peninsula of San Juan Island, is composed of a broad ridge overlooking Griffin Bay to the north and Haro Strait and the Strait of Juan de Fuca to the south, and includes an expanse of rare coastal prairie, coniferous forest, and marine shoreline. American Camp features significant historic resources including three original military buildings, an earthwork redoubt, a reconstructed military fence and flagpole, and numerous archeological sites. The cultural landscape also includes the sites of the Hudson’s Bay Company agricultural outpost, Belle Vue Sheep Farm, the European village of San Juan Town, the Salish fishing village at the Salmon Banks, and traditional tribal camas cultivation beds.

park’s well-preserved cultural landscapes and archeological resources convey this history to visitors. • The park protects and interprets the site of Belle Vue Sheep Farm, one of the last Hudson’s Bay Company operations established below the 49th parallel. With an eye to possession, the company introduced modern farm animals and farming methods to San Juan Island in 1853. Generally at odds with indigenous land-use practices, these techniques would forever change the economic and cultural landscapes of the island. • The park’s diverse natural habitats and resources range from rare prairie ecosystems to Garry oak woodlands, wetlands,

lagoons, forests, and coastal marine environments. These ecosystems – many of which are rapidly disappearing – are home to threatened species and represent the varied array of ecological communities once prevalent in the Salish Sea bioregion. • San Juan Island National Historical Park maintains evidence of thousands of years of human presence and effects on the landscape, including use by Coast Salish people, the establishment of military encampments, and development by homesteaders and other early settlers. The park’s resources provide an exceptionally detailed record of this continuum of human occupation.

San Juan Islands, Washington



five lakes, 151 campsites, 30 miles of hiking trails, 11 miles of bike trails, six miles of horseback riding trails, and a playground, as well as the scenic lookout atop Mt. Constitution. Kayaks, canoes and paddle boats are also available for rent, and both showers and restrooms are at hand (360-376-2326).

Lopez Island

• Odlin County Park – Odlin is situated on the waterfront, edged by a stretch of beautiful sandy beach. Odlin boasts 30 campsites, toilets, water, a boat launch, a dock, a baseball field and a group picnic area, and is an ideal family campground. (360378-8420) • Spencer Spit State Park – Located on 138 acres on the north end, Spencer Spit has 16 mooring bouys and 37 campsites, including group


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camps and a water trail site, Spencer Spit offers water, toilets, picnic areas, hiking trails and kayaks for rental (360-468-2251).

Shaw Island

• Shaw Island County Park – Overlooking Indian Cove on the southern edge of the island, Shaw Island


well as the vast species of shorebirds and songbirds local to the area. The Leave No Trace Center for FROM PG. 2 Outdoor Ethics, an organization Soaring above in the evening sky whose mission is to protect the are nine confirmed species of bats, outdoors by teaching and inspiring including the small brown bat and others to enjoy it, listed the following the Townsend big-eared bat. Look among their wildlife watching tips. for these insect eaters at dusk as they Minimize campfire leave their roost. Bald eagles are one of the most well- impacts Campfires can cause lasting impacts known birds of prey in the San Juans to the backcountry. Use a lightweight but they are certainly not the only ones. Golden eagles, red-tail hawks, stove for cooking and enjoy a candle osprey and even peregrine falcons can lantern for light. Where fires are all be spotted gliding through the air, permitted, use established fire rings, on the hunt. Carry along a good bird fire pans, or mound fires. Keep fires book to learn how to identify them as small.

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Respect Wildlife

Observe wildlife from a distance. Do not follow or approach them. Never feed animals. Feeding wildlife damages their health, alters natural behaviors, and exposes them to predators and other dangers. Protect wildlife and your food by storing rations and trash securely. Control pets at all times, or leave them at home. Avoid wildlife during sensitive times: mating, nesting, raising young, or winter.

Respect other people

For 43 Years has played a vital part in keeping private and public construction as beautiful as the islands it serves

County Park offers 11 campsites near and along the longest stretch of sandy beach in the San Juans (360378-8420).


Respect other visitors and protect the quality of their experience. Be courteous. Yield to other users on the trail. Step to the downhill side of the trail when encountering pack stock. Take breaks and camp away from trails and other visitors. Let nature's sounds prevail. Avoid loud voices and noises.


2017 Parks & Trails Guide

New Hike on Orcas Island


2017 Parks & Trails Guide

2017 San Juan County Land Bank Summer Events Calendar San Juan Island 2017 Sundays on the Summit Come experience the “WOW” factor at the top of Mount Grant Preserve. The preserve is open daily to hikers. Driving access to the summit will be open Sundays all summer long, weather permitting, so everyone, regardless of physical ability, is able to say “WOW” when they arrive at the top. Every Sunday through Labor Day Weekend, 10 a.m. to 7 p.m., Mount Grant Preserve, San Juan Island Family Nature Club Monthly MeetUp: Tidepooling! There’s more to the West Side of San Juan Island than orcas! Here’s a chance to seek out an amazing diversity of spineless animals (invertebrates) and learn how they feed, reproduce, and interact with each other. Dr. Erika Iyengar, of Muhlenberg College and long-time researcher at the Friday Harbor Laboratories, will lead our explorations. Wear some old sneakers or come prepared to get wet up to your knees. Magnifying glasses will be provided. Meet and park at the Lime Kiln Point State Park main lot – Discovery Pass or parking fee required – and we will walk to the Land Bank’s Deadman Bay Preserve. Saturday, July 22, 9:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m., Deadman Bay Preserve Family Nature Club Monthly MeetUp: Solar Eclipse Viewing Party! This month's event is super special! We are joining the San Juan Island National Historical Park for an Eclipse Viewing Party at South Beach, where you can safely view the sun with solarviewing glasses, or telescopes with


Hummel Lake Preserve, Lopez Island

solar filters, learn about renewable energy sources, make solar prints, and so much more! A huge thanks to the following organizations for making this event possible: San Juan Islands National Monument, Island Rec, San Juan Island Library, San Juan Islands Conservation District, San Juan County Land Bank, Indigenous Education Institute, Friends of Lime Kiln Society, and Friends of the San Juans. Monday, Aug. 21, 8:30 a.m. to Noon, South Beach, SanJuan Island Family Nature Club Monthly MeetUp: National Public Lands Day! Celebrate public lands with Land Bank steward Eliza Habegger. You’ll visit the Salish Seeds Project nursery, which produces plants and seeds of native island wildflowers and grasses for local restoration projects. Get hands-on experience sowing seeds, transplanting, and learning about the nursery! The Red Mill Farm Nursery is located at the San Juan Preservation Trust’s office off San Juan Valley Road. From Friday Harbor, take San Juan Valley Road for about two miles. Turn left (south) onto Valley Farms Road. Take the first driveway on the right at 1/4 mile. Park near the house and outbuildings. Saturday, September 30, 1 p.m. to 3 p.m., Red Mill Farm Nursery, San Juan Island

Lopez Island 2017 Searching for Snakes: A Garter Snake Interpretive Walk Are they garter snakes, gardener snakes, or red racers? What’s the difference? How many species are there? And are rattlesnakes actually invading Western Washington? All of these questions and more will be answered by Leonard Jones, a University of Washington graduate student studying the population genetics of garter snakes across the San Juan Archipelago. Join Leonard on a walk through the Land Bank’s Hummel Lake Preserve, while he simultaneously looks for garters and explains what makes them (and


Hikers atop Lopez Hill. more about the why and how of this effort, and to understand how it fits with similar regional projects and the management goals for the Turtleback Mountain Preserve. NOTE: Hike will cover about 2 miles on trails with about 600 feet of elevation gain. Meet at the South Trailhead parking lot. National Public Lands Day Celebrate public lands the Lopez Carpooling encouraged. Saturday, way! The Land Bank is teaming up July 8, 9 a.m. to 11 a.m., Turtleback with partners Washington State Parks, Mountain Preserve, Orcas Island San Juan County Parks, San Juan Lime Kiln Interpretive Walk Islands National Monument and the Join Orcas Preserve Steward Ruthie Lopez Community Trails Network in Dougherty and Historian Boyd Pratt order to host a bevy of family-oriented on an interpretive walk that is sure activities such as a beach clean-up, to delight anyone interested in the nature walks, and trail projects. Be cultural history of Orcas Island. Boyd sure to visit the Land Bank’s events Pratt is an architectural historian calendar for details. Saturday, Sept. from San Juan Island whose extensive research, coupled with a captivating 30, Time/Location: TBD Contact Outreach Coordinator, storytelling style, brings to life the Tanja Williamson, at 360-378-4402 fascinating process of quarrying and processing limestone in the 19th for more information. century. And for those who want to do their homework, Boyd has recently published Lime: Quarrying and Orcas Island 2017 Limemaking in the San Juan Islands, What’s Up with the Oaks? available at local bookstores and Ruthie Dougherty, Orcas preserve public libraries (and direct from the steward, will lead an interpretive hike author at the event—he may even sign on south Turtleback focusing on the one for you). Leisurely walk of about oak woodlands. The Land Bank has ¼ mile. Carpooling encouraged. conducted extensive restoration in Saturday, Aug. 26, 1 p.m. to 2:30 these areas over the last six years. p.m., Judd Cove Preserve, Orcas This will be an opportunity to learn Island other snakes) so special. Children of all ages are welcome, clothes and shoes that can get a little dirty (in the event of post-rain mud) are preferred. Saturday, July 15, 10:30 a.m. to Noon, Hummel Lake Preserve, Lopez Island


2017 Parks & Trails Guide

Spread the word, not the weed: A tale of beauty and beast Generally when one hears something described as “Italian,” thoughts of beauty, robustness and quality come to mind, but noxious weed? Probably not. However, Arum italicum, commonly known as Italian Arum or Lordsand-Ladies, possesses all those traits and more. At first glance, the Italian Arum is a sight of beauty. Glossy green, arrowshaped leaves emerge in spring, then wither away as calla-like blooms appear in early summer, followed by spikes of bright orange berries. Attractive foliage emerges again in late fall when other plants have lost their leaves. A quick google search produces phrases such as “adds great color” and “trumpeting prominence.” But be careful of that beauty; like Snow White’s apple, the fruit is poison. Typically growing 12-18 inches tall, its fiery orange-red berries develop in tight, oblong clusters, like a small cob of colorful corn; an iconic “statement piece” for the home gardener’s bouquet. However, this robust plant is no shrinking violet, any part of the plant can cause severe skin irritation, illness, or death to people, livestock, and wildlife. And talk about a quality specimen – this weed is harder to kill than the Terminator! Just ask Lopez What are noxious weeds? resident, Jim Falconer, and the “Noxious” is a legal term Land Bank’s Lopez Preserve referring to non-native plants Steward, Tim Clark. They’ve been that are highly destructive, working together to eradicate competitive and difficult to this invasive for over five years; Tim has nicknamed their duo the control by normal cultural “Aruminators.” practices. Aggressive growth Jim, and his wife Birte, are patterns and lack of natural neighbors of the Land Bank’s enemies allow these species Fisherman Bay Preserve on Lopez to become highly invasive. Island and first noticed the noxious Preventing the spread of weed in their woods; Jim quickly realized the threat of this vigorous noxious weeds is critical to villain. Its thick tubers store much the economic and ecological of the plant’s energy and water health of the county. underground, which is why the tops regrow so easily when cut or mowed. The thought of it spreading to a large wooded natural area like the National Monument’s Iceberg Point – that was Jim’s worst nightmare: “…Last month I woke up in the middle of the night with the horrible thought: what would happen to all of our wonderful native flowers on Iceberg Point if Arum got a foothold there? With a concerted community effort, we can control, and maybe even eliminate, this noxious weed. Our motto is: spread the word, not the weed.” Jim has made eradicating Italian arum his mission and is enlisting recruits for this war of weeds. It’s been found along the Spit at Fisherman Bay Preserves on Lopez; Deadman Bay Preserve on San Juan Island, and various private properties on Orcas Island. He has a list of where arum has been sighted, and is working with the Master Gardeners, Noxious Weed Program Coordinator, Jason Ontjes and Lopez Preserve Steward, Tim Clark, to find a way to exterminate this pest. Jim even set up a stand at the Farmers Market to educate people on identifying and eliminating Italian arum. This resilient


Left: Italian Arum is a beautiful weed covered in bright orange berries. Above: Volunteers rest after clearing a field of noxious weeds. rhizome could outlive the cockroach in a nuclear attack! “The Land Bank deals with noxious weeds at most of our preserves, and usually makes a bit of progress each year. But with Italian arum we are just working to stop its spread. If you see it, please let us know,” says Tim Clark, Lopez Preserve Steward. Food for Thought: Next time you find yourself admiring a generous spray of curious foliage growing along the trail, remember the tale of the Italian Arum, because beauty can sometimes be a beast. For more information on identifying Italian arum, or any noxious weed of San Juan County, visit Washington State University Extension online at or call Noxious Weed Coordinator, Jason Ontjes at 360-376-3499.

Common noxious weeds of San Juan County: • Spurge laurel • Scotch broom • Gorse • Tansy ragwort • Spotted knapweeds • Meadow knapweeds • Giant hogweed • English ivy • Thistle • Spartina


2017 Parks & Trails Guide

Rover can run, roll-over and meet friends at new Orcas off-leash area

Parks, trails and natural areas are great places to share with our canine friends, and more and more folks are doing it every day. Keeping dogs leashed and on-trail is important when visiting public lands throughout our county, and it is also the law.

So next time Rover gets bored with the tedium of the trail and is ready to romp, run and play crazy with other pups, wait! Don’t unclip that leash! Instead, check out the awesome new Off-Leash Area on Orcas Island where she can have fun, be free, and stay safe. The 1.5 acre facility adjacent to Buck Park is due to open in July. It will feature separate, secure areas for large and small dogs, easy access and parking, on-site water, shade, benches, and plenty of interest to engage the special mutt in your life. Working together, the San Juan County Land Bank, Orcas Island Park and Recreation District, and non-profit Orcas Off-Leash Area (OOLA) members have created a space that will enhance the experience of dog-loving

islanders and visitors alike. The facility is located on a corner of the Land Bank’s Crescent Beach Preserve adjacent to Mt. Baker Road and Buck Park. Orcas Island Park and Recreation District will provide oversite

and ongoing care of the area, with support and volunteer assistance from OOLA members. Stay tuned to in the upcoming month for Rover’s first chance at yappy hour in the park!

Visiting Orcas Island? Be sure to include the Library! The Orcas Island Library offers: Visitor Cards to borrow books, movies, & music Free WiFi & Internet access Children’s programs Open: M-Th 10-7, F-Sa 10-5, Su 12-3 500 Rose Street, Eastsound, WA 98245 360-376-4985

Protect What We Love | Watch from Shore Our Southern Resident orca whales eat salmon; and salmon is in serious decline. As the orcas search for scarce food, their ability to find available salmon is severely limited by the noise in their waters. Motorized chase boats harass the orca whales to the point that they need 20% more food. The same boats, even at legal distances, can block over 90% of the orcas’ sonar, seriously impairing their ability to hunt. For the orca whales, their echo-location is an all-encompassing sense; it is how they find food, communicate with one another, protect their young, stay safe together, and understand their own sensory experience of existence. Our “hearing” does not even come close. Understanding and respecting the complexity of their relationship to sound is essential if we are to save them from extinction. Watching the whales from shore respects their essential need for quiet in their own waters as they search for food, communicate with one another, and rest.

Photo: Donna S. Radcliffe / Lime Kiln State Park, San Juan Island


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Some of the Organizations in Support of a Whale Protection Zone: Center for Biological Diversity The Coalition to Protect Puget Sound Friends of the San Juans Marine Conservation Institute Ocean Alliance

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The Ocean Foundation Oceanic Preservation Society Orca Relief Citizens’ Alliance Patagonia Project SeaWolf Resources for Sustainable Communities Sea Shepherd Conservation Society Sonar Stand.Earth Whale and Dolphin Conservation Marine Mammal Commission Friends of the Earth Raincoast Conservation Foundation SeaDoc Society San Juan County Marine Resources Committee The Whale Trail


2017 Parks & Trails Guide



West Sound Café Waterfront Casual Innovative Delicious

Weds.–Sat., 5 to 9 p.m. Sun., 11 a.m. to 8 p.m. 18 Urner Street • 360-840-9726

Seafood • Burgers •Vegetarian Reservations recommended: Call 360-376-4440



Mon. - Sat.: 11:30 a.m. till midnight Sun. 11:30 a.m. – 11 p.m.

Kitchen hours


Orcas Island

Mon.-Sat. 11:30 a.m. till 10 p.m. and closes at 9 p.m. on Sundays.


Monday–Saturday 4-8:30 p.m. Sunday 4–7:30 p.m.

Outdoor dining Fresh squeezed lime margaritas Delicious Mexican cuisine! For dinner reservations please call 360.376.ORCA (6722)

Darvill’s Bookstore & Coffee Bar Batdorf & Bronson Coffee Locally made baked goods 360-376-2135 • 296 Main Street • Eastsound

Open Daily 376-4848

46 Prune Alley Eastsound

310 A St. Eastsound WA 98245



Kayak the west side of San Juan Island in search of Orca Whales! In the Heart of Downtown Friday Harbor, 260 Spring Street (360) 378-2559 •

Park and Trails Guide - 2017 Parks and Trails Guide  


Park and Trails Guide - 2017 Parks and Trails Guide