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Analysing Urban Development Strategies: the OECD Approach by Adam Knelman Ostry Counsellor, Regional Development Policy

Conference on Urban Development Strategies in the Mediterranean Barcelona, March 14-15, 2011

The Mandate of the OECD • Founded in 1961 to: •Achieve sustainable growth and employment •Contribute to sound economic expansion •Contribute to world trade expansion

• 34 Member States • Forum for debate/knowledge sharing

OECD Work on Regional Development • 1999: TDPC created to study regions’ contribution to aggregate growth/jobs • Urban • Rural • Territorial Indicators

• 2003: Ministers endorse paradigm shift • away from sector subsidies to reduce disparities • toward multi-sector development model based on harnessing local strengths and assets to achieve growth

• 2009: Ministers focus on Green Growth as a new development model

TDPC’s Three-Pillared Programme of Work • Regional Competitiveness Factors/Patterns •Innovation strategies/networks •Comparative advantages •FDI attraction/retention/contribution •Sustainable infrastructure development

• Governance • Multi-level coordination •Horizontal collaboration •Cross–border cooperation

• Statistics and Indicators

Place-Based Analysis: Territorial Reviews •National Reviews •Metropolitan Reviews •Rural Reviews •Regional Reviews •National Urban Policy Reviews •National Rural Policy Reviews •Cross-Sector Regional Programmes •Cities and Green Growth •Green Energy and Rural Development

•Territorial Databases (Regions at a Glance; Metropolitan Regions Database)

Regional typology: Europe TL3 Predominantly urban regions Intermediate regions Predominantly rural regions

Source: OECD Territorial Database

Regional typology: North America TL3 Predominantly urban regions Intermediate regions Predominantly rural regions

Source: OECD Territorial Database

Territorial Reviews of Metropolitan Regions • Purpose • Conceptual Framework • Methodology

Metropolitan Reviews: Purpose •Evaluate metropolitan competitiveness, attractiveness, sustainability •Assess effectiveness, sustainability of policy approaches •Assess governance efficiency and pertinence in sustaining growth

Metropolitan Reviews: Conceptual Framework •Analysis of Trends, Growth Potential, Untapped Resources •International Benchmarking •Analysis of Policy Approaches (clusters; education/training; infrastructure; land-use; attractiveness; housing; FDI; social cohesion; climate change strategies; green growth strategies) •Metropolitan Governance • Urban/inter-municipal and Multi-level • Fiscal Arrangements for Sustainable Metropolitan Competitiveness

Metropolitan Reviews: Methodology • Letter of Commitment from Requesting Authority/ies • Constitution of Local Team: Steering/operations committees of key public, academic, private actors • Information Gathering: Background Report; literature Reviews; Study Missions (OECD officials, Peer Reviewers, Academic Experts) •Report Production: Interim and Final Drafts •Report Approval: TDPC •Report Published under OECD Imprimatur

22 Metropolitan Reviews: Impact so far • Montréal (2004): Newly created metropolitan government developed a road-map for its strategic policy framework, based on Report’s advice • Milan (2006): Central Government proposed a law to create supramunicipal tier of government, based on Report’s advice • Stockholm (2006): Inter-municipal cooperation strategy for EU structural funds implemented, based on Report’s advice • Randstad (2007): Central Government appointed Minister for Randstad, implemented a Randstad programme for accessibility and economic development and enhanced coordination between the four cities in the Randstad region, based on Report’s advice • Toronto (2009): Thanks to the commissioning Mayor, debates on regional trranportation/infrastructure funding, immigrant settlement and greeneconomy R&D support revived, based on Report’s content

Metropolitan Reviews: Lessons Learned/Current Issues 1.

Limited Availability of Data and Indicators • •


Post-Crisis competitiveness strategies/green beyond climate change? • • •


functional metropolitan region level Comparability challenges Green Growth, Green Development, Green Economy? Is greater efficiency resulting in cost savings enough? Growth that raises metropolitan well-being overall? i.e. Net Metropolitan Aggregate Growth AND Environmental Health? « Energy-based Economic Development » as the policy framework?

What About Equity? • •

Metropolitan Winners and Losers? Human Capital Integration into a Sustainable Metropolitan Economy?

Metropolitan Reviews: Knowledge Sharing • TDPC and its Working Parties • International Conferences • Inter-agency Dialogue •UN Habitat •EU Secretariat/Eurostat •ICLEI and other NGOs •World Bank

•OECD Roundtable of Mayors and Ministers •Give local leaders a « seat at the table » of OECD’s main players: central ministers of Finance, the Economy, the Environment

THANK YOU! OECD Main Contacts • •Head, Urban Development Programme

• •Counsellor