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Workshop What emergency social measures for a successful transition in Tunisia? Reflections from international experiences

CONCEPT NOTE General context In the aftermath of the so-called “jasmine revolution”, Tunisian authorities are seeking the most effective mechanisms to reduce social pressure and quickly boost the economy. Despite many public announcements, the Tunisian government, as the governments of the region, is struggling to find actionable solutions to contain economic and social despair. The aim is to give concrete pledges to the population by providing them with evidence of a controlled transition as well as “democratic dividends” in this historic moment. In Tunisia the AMAL (“hope”) program, implemented since March 2011, provides the bulk of the government’s response to youth unemployment, and includes a large hand-out programme. The « AMAL II » program targets more particularly the non-qualified unemployed. However, several months will be necessary for the effective implementation of these measures. The AFD working paper on “social measures and release from crisis in Middle East and North Africa (MENA)” highlights a number of tensions between short and long term responses in this period of transition. It shows the importance, despite the urgent need to respond to social expectations, to question which kinds of social measures would be most relevant, and which procedures would best allow for their implementation. The Minister for Employment and Vocational Training has asked to benefit from the experience of social measures implemented in countries that have gone through similar social unrest in a context of socio-economic crisis. International experience confirm that the choice of the type of emergency social measures (ESM) and their modes of implementation greatly impacts their efficiency in the short and long terms. Sharing relevant international experiences would be likely to improve policy choices, and to ensure that the measures implemented can answer effectively the strong expectations of Tunisia’s youth. The objective of the workshop is to strengthen the AMAL programme on its "unqualified unemployed" component by providing, in the space of a one-day workshop, international experiences (best practices, methodology, risks, etc.) on "social measures" (high-labour intensity projects, quick impact projects, but also experiences in terms of "activation" of social spending and redistribution mechanisms between regions) - some of which are already in discussion between the donors and the government. The mobilization of a few key experts could be the occasion for short-term technical assistance in the days following the seminar.

Presentation of the workshop 1

Under the umbrella of the Marseille Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI) , the international donors of Programme d’Accompagnement à la Réforme (Development Policy Loan) are jointly organizing the workshop: 1

The Marseille Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI) strives to facilitate access to best knowledge, enhance sustainable development and converge policies towards greater integration. It does so by creating opportunities for leaders in government, civil society, academia, and business to generate, integrate, share, and

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“What emergency social measures for a successful transition in Tunisia? Reflections from international experiences” in Tunis. After a short presentation of the social and economic vulnerabilities which Tunisia is facing (tensions between need on short run and answer in long run), international experts will present the international experiments in terms of ESM. Some lessons learned via program evaluations will be presented. A discussion will then follow between the experts and the ministry Directors present, on what could be done to address the problems afflicting the low-skilled unemployed in Tunisia.

Stakes and objectives of workshop The workshop will focus on the following question: how to meet popular expectations in the short term without undermining structural reforms, which are essential to resolve the country’s socio-economic vulnerabilities in the long term. The workshop will be focused on the following instruments, during 4 sessions: -

Quick-response employment policies

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Labour market access policies

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Social redistribution policies

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Regional planning policies

Documents The contribution and the analysis of operational experiments by experts will be transmitted into working papers (retrospective analyses of instruments, evaluations of projects, "best practices ") which will be gathered in a “toolbox” for the Tunisian authorities and project managers. A report will also summarize the main conclusions of the meeting. The experts mobilized during the workshop will dedicate a part of their stay in Tunisia to support the identification of targeted programs.

Organisation of the workshop -

Date of the event: in the beginning of June 14th at 6 pm, workshop during the day of June 15th, technical meetings between experts and ministries during the day of June 16th.

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Place: Hôtel Concorde, Berges du Lac, Tunisia.

Target Public 35 to 40 participants, among them 50% of Tunisians (Directors and Director-generals of the relevant ministries Employment and vocational training, Social affairs, regional Development, as well as a few directors of Tunisian associations).

Funding The CMI covers the workshop organization, the donor partners contributing by bearing the costs of the experts they mobilize.

apply policy-relevant knowledge and analysis. CMI provides a platform for the formation of communities of practice focused on the Mediterranean region’s core development issues. These communities tackle critical challenges and seek practical solutions to enhance the prosperity of the region.

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Programme June 14th 2011 6 Pm - 6:45 Pm 6:45 Pm -7:15 Pm 7:15 Pm

June 15th 2011 8:30 Am - 9:00 Am 9:00 Am - 9:45 Am

Workshop registration, document delivery Speeches (CMI, MFPE), presentation of the mobilized participants/experts and the donors representatives Cocktail

04:45 Pm - 05:00 Pm 05:00 Pm - 06:00 Pm

Installation of the participants and moderator speech Tunisian introduction about the context and presentation of current programs in Tunisia (success and challenges) Session 1 : National, regional and local experiments of young orientation and insertion on the labour market ⋅ Argentine experiment, Alfredo Lazarte, BIT. ⋅ French experiment, Lionel Urdy, École de la Deuxième Chance. Coffee break Session 2 : Employment policies in a transition context ⋅ Lessons of the international experiments of "public works" in Argentina, Korea and Colombia, Polly Jones, World Bank. ⋅ Main innovations in “public works” projects, and evaluation of these programs in Yemen, in Morocco and in Egypt: Marc Van Imschoot, BIT Lunch break Session 3 : Social redistribution policies based on assurance and solidarity mechanism ⋅ French experiences of activation of passive spending in the context of engagement of two parties: return to work incentive schemes: Nathalie Sipres, Pôle Emploi ⋅ Experiences of social transfers conditioned to employability or local economic development mechanisms: Ludovic Subran, World Bank Session 4 : Land settlement policies allowing solidarity between regions ⋅ Decentralization of employment policies, related to the economic actors and regions, Luca Fedi, BIT ⋅ Mechanism of financial transfers between regions (FEDER, FSE) Vincent Le Dolley (to be confirmed) introducted by Robert Feige, EIB Coffee break General debate about the relevancy of instruments presented in the Tunisian case

06:00 Pm

Closing speech

9:45 Am - 11:15 Am

11:15 Am - 11:30 Am 11:30 Am - 01:00 Pm

01:00 Pm - 02:15 Pm 02:15 Pm - 03:30 Pm

03:30 Pm - 04:45 Pm

June 16th 2011

08:30 Am -05:00 Pm 05:00 Pm

Technical debates between project managers, donors and experts, in particular about project management. Technical meeting in ministries Output meeting between the donor partners and international experts (Berges du Lac II)

Contacts: Olivier Ray, economist AFD // rayo@afd.fr // + 33 1 53 44 39 26 (moderator) Olivier Lavinal, CMI // olavinal@worldbank.org // + 33 4 91 99 24 48 Jocelyne Vauquelin, AFD/CMI // vauquelinj@afd.fr // + 33 6 85 89 32 77

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