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Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan – Ministry of Water and Irrigation

Agence Française de Développement – French Agency for Development

Marseille Center for Mediterranean Integration

Environment and Development of the Mediterranean

The German-Jordanian Programme “Management of Water Resources” “Use of Marginal Water”


Features of Reuse within the Water Programme Approach  Enhance synergies with other development measures in the water sector (KfW, BGR, USAID implemented reuse project)  Consider up-scaling potential (crop monitoring system, risks management)  Use of existing methods and processes (former brackish water, reclaimed water project)  Selected implementation area (JV)  Comprehensive holistic multi-level approach  Demand-oriented approach

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Safe and Efficient Wastewater Reuse Rationale

 Reduce risks associated with treated wastewater  Change misperception of treated wastewater reuse  Increase reuse factor of available water  Reduce pressure on freshwater  Adaptation and mitigation measure to climate change

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Facts and Figures  Given chronic water scarcity (less than 145 CM/ capita/ year)  High population growth rate (2.2%)  Mismatch of water demand and supply  Agriculture is the biggest consuming sector (62% of water resources)  Around 110 MCM of treated wastewater are generated annually  By 2022, the amount of treated wastewater is projected to be doubled

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Reuse overcomes the mismatch Freshwater is being replaced overtime with treated wastewater for irrigation in the Jordan Valley

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Reuse challenges 1.Existing legal barriers represented in very strict standards 2.Risks associated with use of treated wastewater 3.Misperception of treated waste water reuse (scepticism on the safety of crops produced with treated wastewater) 4.Cross-cutting nature that requires involvement of many stakeholders (JVA, WAJ, JFDA, RSS, MoA, MoH, MoEn, and NCARE)

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Main core processes addressed by the German-Jordanian Water Programme The processes have been tailored to be in line with the Jordan’s Water Strategy “Water for life� 2008-2022 1. Development of a comprehensive national irrigation water quality standard 2. Institutionalization of an effective state crop monitoring programme for crops produced with treated wastewater. 3. Development of a comprehensive risk monitoring and risk management system. 4. Training farmers and enhancing capacity of agricultural extension structures 5. Promote the in-house greywater reuse as part of water demand conservation strategy

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Recommendations Inter- sectoral cooperation Further work is still needed to enhance the inter-sectoral cooperation (Agriculture, Water and Health) in the field of reuse

Irrigation water tariff (Incentive and disincentive mechanism) Irrigation water tariff should be reviewed not only on the basis of cost recovery but also on the basis of price differentiation between fresh and treated wastewater

Steering structure for Risk Management To ensure full operation of Risk Management a steering technical committee (with clear communication pathways) need to be formed to oversee the implementation of the risk management by different involved institutions

Greywater reuse The current subsidized water tariff is still in favour of high volume consumers and not encouraging for the widespread of in-house greywater reuse.

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Thank you for your attention For further info, please contact: sameer.abdel-jabbar@giz.de

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EW2_wk1_D3-6  

http://cmimarseille.org/_src/EW2_wk1/EW2_wk1_D3-6.pdf

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