Ministry of Water and Irrigation Jordan Valley Authority Economics of Water Demand Management in Jordan
Workshop Programme Amman & Dead Sea, Dec. 01-03, 2011 Eng. Qais Owais
Irrigation Water Challenges in the Jordan Valley •Seasonal rainfall is the main source of water and limited Renewable water resources. •Competition between Irrigation and domestic water. •Increasing irrigation water demand. •Jordan Valley receives a large share of its water from trans-boundary water resources.
Some projects Implemented in JV adapted Irrigation water demand • Convert the water conveys system from open channels to pressurized systems (networks) in 80s. • Dynamic Regulation for KAC (SCADA System). • IOJoV: Optimization of Irrigation in the Jordan Valley in two levels. • Water user Association (Farmer participation).
Irrigation Water Management Water Efficiency
JVA network Efficiency 85 %
On-Farm Efficiency 55 % â€“ 60 %
Integrated approach: JVA Network / On-Farm
The IOJoV Project -History 1996-2006: French Embassy (MREA) Pilot Projects (research-action) 2007-2010: Ministry of Water & Irrigation/JVA Extension - Project cost: 4 millions d’ € - AFD Funds: 2,7 m€ - JVA 0,3 m€ in kind participation - Farmers: 1,1 m€
Main objective: « Irrigation Optimization in the Jordan Valley in two levels »
1- JVA level (water distribution to the FU) -A network rehabilitated and major maintainence -New operation procedures -Monitoring Performance with Indicators based on watermeter -Improved communication between JVA and farmers/WUA
2- On-farm level - Optimized on-farm irrigation techniques - Extension service (demonstraton farms, expertise, brochures, etc.)
- Subsidies to farmers
Advantages for JVA network component:
Agreement Mandate given to the Operator to purchase directly from the market on behalf of JVA: More flexible, rapid and efficient technical rehabilitation (spare part management, procurements, subcontracting, emergency repairs, etc.)
Advantages for on-farm component: â€˘ â€˘
Technical subsidies for the farmers are possible from the donors through the operator. On-farm extension activities are possible (on-farm irrigation remains the Ministry of Agriculture responsibility and not the one of Ministry of Water and Irrigation).
Water User Associations (WUA) Objective: Sustainable management of Irrigation water resources in the Jordan Valley through farmer participation. 1. Confidence Building
2. WUA Establish
2001 - 2003
2003 - 2006
3. Task Transfer
4. WUA Sustaining
2006 - 2009
2009 - Up-to-date
Achievements and Results • • • • • •
More efficient of retail water distribution. More uniformity in water flow. More stabilized network water pressure. Decrease illegal water use (penalties). Decrease maintenance cases. More trust and cooperation between farmers them self and between JVA and farmers.
Constraints faced during projects implementation: • Weak legislation against the illegal water use (need a water law). • Human resources: Insufficient field technical staff in terms of numbers and qualification. • Budget deficit particular for new irrigation projects and maintenance for existing infrastructure.
Conclusion and recommandations for extension JVA component: • Need more flexibility for procurement, especially maintenance of the Scheme (“Operator” management more adapted than governmental body). • Providing allocation budget to sustain for water infrastructure systems in JVA. • "Water law“ to be adapted. • Human resource strategy to be improved (salary increase, trainings, etc.). • Sustain the private sector participation (WUAs). On-farm component: • Adapted agricultural credit system should be developed so that farmers can invest on modern irrigation materials. • Improvement of extension services (more adapted to farmers needs, actionresearch, monitoring after installation, adapted extension tools, etc.) • Accreditation of on-farm equipments