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PDP must respect Nasarawa : Why lawmakers are fighting zoning agreement in 2015 me – Al-makura >> Pg 6 — Sen. Adamu >> Pg10

Suntai: The plot, the politics, the intrigues Vol. 3 No. 54


SHAWWAL 24-25, 1434 AH


>> Pg7-8

••• As Taraba Reps endorse Umar, acting gov

Convention: PDP secretly endorses contestants

>> Pg 10

L-R: Vice President, Mohammed Namadi Sambo, Brigadier-General Halliru Akilu(rtd), AVM Hamza Abdullahi, former military president, General Ibrahim Babangida, fomer Minister of Finance, Malam Adamu Ciroma, Alhaji Musa Gwadabe, Col. Habibu Shuaibu (rtd), Senator Ahmed Sani, Yariman Bakura, father of the bride, Alhaji Ibrahim Ismail, Kano state deputy governor, Dr. Abdullahi Umar Ganduje, chairman, Bullet International, Alhaji Ismaila Isa and Malam Lawan Batagarawa, during the wedding fatiha of Halima Sadiya Ibrahim Ismail and Suleiman Adamu Augie on Friday in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Isa

No ceasefire agreement with Boko Haram yet – Turaki

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Prime Interview 2015: Why PDP must respect zoning agreement, by Senator Adamu Page 2


Senator Abdullahi Adamu represents Nasarawa West Senatorial District. In this exclusive interview with Peoples Daily, he insists that there was an agreement in the PDP for power to shift between the North and the South, and that the ruling party is under obligation to respect that agreement and return power to the North in 2015 elections. He also comments that the threat by the All Progressive Congress (APC) is real, including that the PDP should work harder to resolve disputes in the party. Excerpts:


our Excellency, as a major stakeholder in the PDP project, are you happy with the way your party is proceeding so far?

and I think the leadership should get together and resolve those issues genuinely. So you think if those issues you’re alluding to are not resolved, they would affect your party’s chances in future elections?

Well, I think you need to be more specific. What aspect of PDP do you want me to comment on?


s long as these issues are there, they remain problems; and there is the need to solve them. There is no two ways about it. What I have always been preaching for years now, is that PDP must not be allowed to self-destruct. The party must not self-destruct. Some of these problems are inherent in our behaviour; in our dealings towards handling the fortunes or misfortunes of our party; and it will appear to me that there are those who believe that because of positions they are privileged to hold, everything they do is right; everything they do is good; and whoever you are, you must take what they want or what they have done to be the right thing. I don’t believe that’s in the interest of the party. But the problems are becoming clearer by the day. And I hope that now that we have seen the problems steering us in the face, we will double our efforts to resolve them.

Ok. You know there are some positions in the NWC that have been vacant and some people were appointed in acting capacity; and considering that the PDP convention is due on Saturday, what are we to expect from your party? Following the working committee that emerged after the March 2012 convention; the consensus within the party and from people who contested the office, there were undercurrents; the outcome would appear not to have been accepted in good faith. And there were assertions to the effect that they emerged by default of the provisions of the constitution of the party. So as a result of this, the party considered it and resolved that the best thing to do was to go back to the convention. And those officers whose offices were affected by this default emergence resigned, and with their resignation, their positions became vacant and some individuals were nominated by the party on their merit to run the affairs of these offices on an interim basis pending the outcome of the August 31st national convention of the party. Like other conventions, we keep our fingers crossed in prayers that we should have a successful event; and that we should ensure that we don’t repeat the same mistake that we have accepted we committed in the first convention. The perception in certain quarters is that with the present division in the party; some few governors in the North are kicking over certain decisions and polices of the party. And there is also a report that some governors have proceeded to register a political party. For instance the Atiku factor is there as some of his men have floated the PDM. Don’t you feel that this might not be a good sign for the party as the election year is drawing nearer? It will be dishonest for anybody to say that it is a good omen; and I believe that we can do better. But in an emerging state like Nigeria, we were bound to meet hiccups on our journey to perfecting our democratic institutions. With the formation of PDP in the year 1998 to 1999, quite a number of the founders of PDP have a huge chunk of followership from the PDM. PDM was a movement that was floated by late General Shehu Musa Yar’Adua, and they stayed on and came to become emerging partner with the other political groups like the ANC and what have you, which later became PDP. Now, I read in the newspapers that PDM has now sought and obtained registration. Yes, any good political mathematician, who knows the Nigerian terrain would accept the fact that most of the majority of the members that would emerge as leaders of PDM are

Senator Abdullahi Adamu

those that we know to be with the PDP right from 1998. So it follows that if they go to the PDM, it is of course the PDP that would lose some members from its ranks. There is no doubt in that fact. Then, of course the hues and cries that people are talking about that there have been a lot of denials, as most of the reportage we got that the registration of new political party; the Voice of the People (VOP) by some governors, who have said that they didn’t float any party; and that they are members of the PDP. It is not for me to put words into the mouth of these governors, as all their spokesmen and women have denied the allegations. And therefore, I respect them, because once they said they are not involved, they are not involved. What is good for us is that they are in PDP, and it is not for me to begin to insinuate and assert that they are anything but PDP members. But I do appreciate that these are not positive

signals for the party. Long before now, we must have known that we must stand up for the interest of our party. The values that PDP holds strongly were the values upon which the party was founded. We must work assiduously to ensure that we revisit the spirit and the construction of the mission and vision of the PDP. Here and there, there have been problems; and there are instances where one can say that we missed the road somewhere through acts of indiscipline. I never shy away from talking about this. I had a very rare opportunity to be the governor of Nasarawa state on the platform of the PDP, for eight years. And after that, I had a privilege to be the secretary of Board of Trustees (BoT) of the party. And some of the things people read in the newspapers that is what is happening to our party. It is not good; I don’t like it; and I’m not happy with it. And as far as I’m concerned, the issues are known;

I believe as a politician, it will be wrong for me to say all is well, where the opposition is strong when they come together. And if politics can be a career, I can be a professional on the field as I have been in it for virtually all my life as an adult. And I have been taught a lesson that in unity lies strength. You don’t play with unity. For opposition platforms who decided to merge to become stronger, one should not take them for granted, as doing so would be selfdelusion.

Sir, you are privileged to be a former governor and a member of the Nigeria Governors Forum (NGF); what would be your evaluation of the present crisis rocking the NGF? Please can we keep the NGF out of this discussion? I hate to go round and round the circle. Everybody knows that the NGF, and I have said time and again that it is not recognized in the constitution. It’s an informal platform that governors have floated to be able to relate between and amongst themselves; and to see how they exchange ideas and experiences in their various states; and to see how they would bring to bear their thinking on the states and the federal level, so that our federation can adequately work for the benefit of every segment of the country. And if some extraneous factors have been brought into, it’s very unfortunate. Don’t you think that it is because the governors appear to be very instrumental to the success of any presidential ambition in the country? Everyone is entitled to his or her opinion. But one thing I do know is the fact that every state is a federating unit of this country, and for this reason they are stakeholders. And whoever is privileged to head a federating unit, of course he is an important person. But we should have the basis for talking with ourselves; a basis for floating issues that are relevant for the smooth operation of the entire entity. And to do that there should be the spirit of give and take. There is no reason for anybody to feel any governor or governors are trying to lord it over the federal government; nor is it acceptable that the weight of the federal government should be brought in a manner as to challenge whatever the state as a federating unit should have. This we must

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News Feature

Al-makura vs Assembly: Democracy at work or mere mischief? By Ali Abare Abubakar


hen the notion of the laws of separation of powers was first muted by Baron de Montesquieu, it was meant to serve the purpose of good governance through check and balances regarding the affairs of the three arms of government namely; the executive, legislature and judiciary, presumably so that none of the arms could usurp the power of the others. Equally, Part II of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, recognizes the need for the separation of powers between the three arms of government, Thus, by the provisions of the constitution the three arms serve as a check and balance on one another, thereby ensuring that power is balanced within the tripartite arrangement under the present democratic set up, a situation described as the beauty of democracy. So when the Nasarawa State House of Assembly (NSHA), invited Governor Umaru Tanko Al-makura to appear before it on August 27, 2013, to answer to allegations of non implementation of resolutions by the House, many saw it as democracy at work, with the legislature only pulling its weight in line with the provisions of the constitution. According to the law, the assembly has the express right to summon the governor to appear before it to offer explanations over pressing issues. And it is incumbent on the governor to oblige by making an appearance on the floor of the assembly, which Almakura did, in company of his deputy, Dameshi Barau Luka, as well as other top government functionaries. When the Speaker of the Assembly, Ahmed Musa Mohammed read the order of proceedings for the day, signifying the appearance of the governor on the floor of the Assembly, a hush fell on the hallowed chamber of the House, leaving the large audience lining up the gallery, comprising both loyalists of the governor and those sympathetic to the assembly dominated by members of the Peoples Democratic Party, it was bated breath as the governor walked in to take his seat. From the prevailing mood within and outside the chamber, a perceptible air of hostility charged with a noticeable feeling of perceived animosity between the predominantly PDP lawmakers and the All Progressive Congress (APC) executive, pervaded the atmosphere, with rancorous youth, barred from gaining access to the premises of the assembly, ominously latching onto the perimeter fencing surrounding the assembly complex located along Shendam road.

Even before the commencement of proceedings, it was clear to the perceiving mind that muscles were about to be flexed and that wild punches, ostensibly from the lawmakers were being expected, to be directed at the under belly of the governor. It only remained to be seen whether Al-makura would be in a position to parry the blows or collapse completely under the barrage. The sins of the governor according to the chairman of the committee of the whole house, Ahmed Musa Mohammed, are manifold but the lawmakers allegedly felt miffed when Almakura chose not to implement three of their resolutions earlier submitted before him for ascent. These resolutions include; the lawmakers demand for the governor to sack with immediate effect, the general manager of the Nasarawa Transport Company, otherwise known as Nasarawa Express, Philip Iyakwari and that the governor did not follow the due process when he disengaged a number of employees of the company, mostly drivers, their grouse with Al-makura over the sacking of the management of the state-owned university in Keffi, asking the governor to rescind his decision as according to them he did not follow the law when he took the action; lastly, the lawmakers demand for the governor to sack Hajiya Hajara Danyaro, Special Adviser to the governor on Inter Party Relations. As the chairman reeled out the offences of the governor, members of the committee, from their gestures and demeanor, appeared more like predators who might have succeeded in boxing in an appetizing prey; in the manner they stared in the direction of the governor, apparently basking in the chance to challenge the governor before an audience. When Governor Al-makura launched his response to the charges leveled against him by the lawmakers, the silence that greeted the confines of the assembly was like the silence of the grave yard. While acknowledging the constitutional responsibility vested on the legislature to hold the executive accountable, the governor was however quick to point out to the lawmakers that such resolutions as may be passed by the assembly lack the backing of a law and as such are only advisory in nature, that it remains his prerogative to act on such resolutions or not. On the call for him to sack Philip Iyakwari, the governor reminded the lawmakers that the Nasarawa Transport Company is a limited liability company whose activities are guided by the Company And Allied Matters Act (CAMA) and as such do not fall under the purview of the assembly. On the matter of the disengaged staff, the governor

Pro-Al Makura youth protesting at the Assembly maintained he took that action in the best interest of the state and in order to save the company from folding up. “I took my action based on the laws guiding the operations of the company and secondly, I also considered the viability of the institution”, Al-makura told the lawmakers. Responding on the matter of the management of the state university now on compulsory leave, the governor argued that since there has not been a governing council for the institution in place, the law establishing the state university gave him the power, in his capacity as Governor, to perform the functions of the governing council. While responding to questions from the lawmakers on the state transport company, Al-makura, setting precedence in accountability, challenged the lawmakers to probe the company through adhering to the due process. “Iam willing to implement the resolution of the House, if Iam convinced there is abuse of funds in the company. The House can investigate the accounts of

the company by asking the state Auditor-General to engage the services of external auditors to audit the company. If at the end of the exercise I found anyone culpable, I will not hesitate to sanction such person”, the governor stated. Maybe this was not the kind of reaction the lawmakers expected from the governor, who from all indications, was not yielding an inch, rather here was a chief executive, daring the legislature dominated by members of the opposition party, to launch an investigation into the activities of a company belonging to the state. On the matter of the state university, Al-makura, in his bid to convince the lawmakers on the propriety of his action when he sent the management of the university on compulsory leave, disclosed that as a result of the shoddy handling of the affairs of the school, the state government and the university were taken to court over withholding payment of taxes to the tune of N56m, where the state was able to pay N35m as an out of court settlement. Quite unlike the responses

of the governor, always backed by requisite laws, the manner in which some of the lawmakers approached the matter, however, left much to be desired. In as much as both the executive arm and legislature cannot operate independent of each other, the apparent hostility shown by some of the lawmakers against the governor make many to believe that they were merely grandstanding, when it was obvious the governor had no case to answer. From the responses of some few of the lawmakers, who apparently did not prepare well for the alleged confrontation, judging from the lack of depth in their arguments, always resorting to the oft repeated cliché, “the House has the power to investigate!”, even when it was clear that it would amount to interference for the legislature to dabble into the affairs of a limited liability company, left many to dismiss the intention of the lawmakers as less altruistic but rather pecuniary. When the lawmakers agreed that no budgetary provision was made for the transport company, coupled with the fact that, as the governor further disclosed, at the inception of his administration, the company was almost comatose, having not up to five vehicles, but that through third party arrangement, a loan was sourced to bring back the company to life, with close to 50 vehicles now plying the roads, it left many wondering why the assembly wants to now call the shots, when it is clear it took no part in sustaining the company. Still the House has the power to investigate. Though the action of the protesters who stormed the assembly complex throwing stones and chanting anti-Assembly songs was condemnable and unacceptable in a democracy, the youth may have been frustrated with the apparent lack of substance in the arguments presented by the lawmakers directed against the governor. This apparent lack of substance has led many to believe that the lawmakers were merely acting out a script allegedly written to diminish the rising status of the governor, even as many others believed the lawmakers did what they did just to line up their pockets. In any case and in a true democracy, both the executive and legislative arms of government, together with the judiciary, require each other to ensure good governance which is the hallmark of democracy. By accepting to appear before the lawmakers, the governor has shown his desire to work according to the rule of law. It only behooves on the legislature to actually seize the gauntlet, particularly a House dominated by an opposition party, to always do their homework before subjecting the chief executive to such harrowing experience which at the end only succeeded in exposing how ill prepared the lawmakers where when they chose to confront the governor on a matter they best disregard.

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Special Report

ASUU strike: the pains, cost and boredom

Adesoji Oyinlola, Suleiman Idris, Ngozi Onyekusi and Evabor Marion and Obioma, Lagos


rs. Adenike works with one of the federal government agencies in Lagos. With three of her kids in the universities in Lagos, the mother of five, who will be retiring from service next year after 35 years simply burst into tears when asked about the economic implications of her wards being out of school for over two months due to the industrial action by ASUU. “I have virtually spent all my savings on the three of them since their arrival from the unwarranted holidays because every day there is usually one demand or the other from all of them.” She told our reporter. The pains of the single mother, whose husband died seven years, aptly captured the anguish of not only parents and teachers, but the society at large. The strike action, no doubt, has affected all strata of the society, including the social and economic sectors. Any form of disorder in any sector of the economy has a way of adversely affecting others, was how Mr. Femi Kehinde put it. The business and financial analyst, whose office is located on Broad Street in the Lagos Island, strongly believes that industrial action is a weakness that usually has adverse spillover effect on other sectors. “We are talking about ASUU strike, this is an anomaly in the education sector, whether we subscribe to this or not it has taken its toll on other sectors. The cost of sending our children out of the country for studies still takes its bite on the economy. We don’t believe in made-in-Nigeria products any longer, and that includes our graduates.” The disruption in academic calendar according to Mr. Kayode Sanni, a HR consultant has made Nigerian education products to be regarded as substandard and somewhat less likely to be employed. “Why is it so? Mega companies are presently giving priority in employment to foreigners or those who studied outside the country. Why? Because of the way and manner we manage graduates who are trained in the country. We don’t believe their academic competence, we don’t have faith in our products anymore.” anni said that Nigerians that are employing foreigners in critical sectors of the economy are a disservice to the nation. According to him, any country that spends 70 per cent of its recurrent budget on foreigners is simply digging its economic grave. We are complaining about decline in the education system, in an environment like this, when today the students are in session, tomorrow, they are at home, next


For months now, the Federal Government and the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) have been locked in battle of wits over non implementation of agreements on funding of universities among other issues reached in 2009. ASUU has since commenced an indefinite strike to pressure the Federal Government to accede to its demands. The strike no doubt affected students, who have been forced to stay at home, while parents have also been feeling the pinch of the strike. Peoples Daily Weekend team of reporters went to town to feel the pulse of parents, students and other stakeholders over the strike by the academic body.

Minister of Education, Prof. Rukayyatu Rufa’i

ASUU President, Dr. Nasir Isa Fagge

tomorrow they are in school only to vacate the premises the next two weeks, so what do you expect?” “It is very clear that whenever there is disruption in the education sector, other sectors are automatically affected. Look at our health sector, Agricultural sector, and financial sector and so on; whatever disruption that happened in any of the sectors has a way to reverberates on the others. For Mr. Bayo Dimeji Alao, an insurance executive, the incessant disruption in academic calendars is partly responsible for the near absence of competent underwriters of Nigerian origin in both the oil and gas and the aviation sectors. He asserts that Nigeria is on verge of regaining its pride of place in all business activities both local and global, but with its education system in quagmire, that dream is already a mirage. “For many years, Nigerian underwriters were excluded from participating in underwriting of the nation’s oil and gas insurances even aviation insurances on the ground of lack of technical and financial capacities. Other said the best a government

in safeguarding a safe and sound future for its youths has neglected its responsibilities. The government has turned deaf ears to the cries of our fallen educational system. They have reacted through what they know how to do best: to make promises and fail. Sadly, the adverse effect are felt more by the poor masses as most government personnel do not have their children in Nigeria while those who have their children in Nigeria attends expensive private schools.

of a nation can do is to invest in the education of its youth, as the saying goes: education is the best legacy, to provide favourable environment for learning, to equip the youth with the necessary equipments that will aid their learning, to lift our academic standard to meet world standard and above all to help make education an eye-catching and productive sector are what should stand vital in the preference of any government towards its youths. They said Nigeria government which ought to play a major role

Nigerians should begin to ask the government what sort of country we have that a few persons are wasting and starching away our resources without questions being asked. The struggle by ASUU is not about our children not in schools but about the quality of education they receive.

Why a lay man dares not dream for its children. Thus, the people’s future are left to go rotten. kwojewo Olatunde is a fourth year student of the faculty of political science Lagos state university: “At the initial stage I will say the strike is fortunate and coming at the right time because I have a project at hand but, the strike is getting out of hand, I thought it won’t be up to a month, now is up to two months, I am getting bore staying at home doing nothing.. Olatunde fears for students staying at home doing nothing may probably channel negative thoughts into their heart, like the popular saying: an idle mind is the devils workshop, we student, especially the guys, will want to engage in mischief like robbery due to financial challenge, I want to say, it will be better if the federal government should yield to the demands of ASUU, so that the Nigeria education sector can now have its own voice within the


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Special Report

Parents count cost of strike

Contd from Page 2 International education sector, but If they refused to do something about it, things may remain the way it used to be and is not to the advantage of the students and to Nigeria.” Sunshine Ezenwali is of the faculty of engineering, Ambrose Ali University, Ekpoma and believes that the government should always keep its own side of a bargain. The strike has been on, and we are at home, from the look of things, the strikes still continue and is affecting me, he told our reporter. Any hope of writing his exams is dashed as he muttered “I don’t want my education to be prolonged; I want to round up on time. I am supposed to be in my 400 level, due to the strike am at home” he said between gnashing of the teeth. In spite of the hullabaloo over the morality or otherwise of the academic union’s refusal to shift its ground having received N130 billion from the federal government last week, members of the body affirms that the issues on ground are beyond it and urged Nigerians to rather than label it unpatriotic, question the integrity and sincerity of the federal government. aro Ogbinaka is the chairman of University of Lagos chapter of ASUU. He believes there is deliberate policy by government to cripple education since the children of our political office holders school overseas. The whole issue is not about pleasing ASUU, he said in serious clime, the minister of finance who is the so called driver of the economy should be bordered that Nigerians spend billions of Naira in hard currencies financing other peoples universities abroad. “That our universities are not functional is a big slap to this country and the finance minister is not doing anything to address it. In a good system that is run by patriotic people and not part time Nigerians, what they should do is firstly stop the trend and see how our universities can attract foreigners into the system. That is what you see in Ghana and South Africa.”


According to Ogbinaka, the country’s leaders penchant to accumulates wealth and use same to develop other economies should rather be question by the citizenry. “As l speak to you now, a sitting legislator in this country is building a university in Togo, while another businessman is building one in Sao tome and Principe. So you can see the trend that there is a deliberate government policy, a deliberate policy by the looters of our economy to destroy this country, to make sure our refineries don’t work and every other things are crippled. He said “Nigerians should begin to see things from that perspective; it is not the question of throwing some money to ASUU, and to the universities and said that you have pleased ASUU. Is it ASUU you want to please or you want to drive Nigeria education for development and that is where we are getting it wrong? The government is not interested in improving the educational system but to please ASUU. What is the government policy to make Nigeria have good education, every citizen should have a minimum standard of a university and polytechnic education. In terms of infrastructure and funding government has not address that but Nigerians keep on shouting the body should call off its strike, the union leader said. He charged Nigerians to begin to ask their representative questions about their

commonwealth, affirming that Nigerians passive attitude and timidity has allowed Nigeria’s education system to go beyond repairs. Nigerians should begin to ask the government what sort of country we have that a few persons are wasting and starching away our resources without questions being asked. The struggle by ASUU is not about our children not in schools but about the quality of education they receive. If the quality was very good will they take their children outside? Our leaders are insulting us because an average Nigeria is timid and passive. We have being in this dialogue for long, is it not because of the strike they released N130 billion? hat stopped them from releasing the money while the dialogue was going on in the past three years? That is to tell you that they not sincere, it is so easy to give certificates. If they want us to be giving graduates certificates, we can keep them here for four years and after that we issue them the certificate and send them away. What is our business with that? Ghana closed their university for two years at a time and no lecturer was paid and also nobody died”. He rather concluded saying, “If they don’t need public education institutions, let them shut them down and tell Nigerians they don’t


We are talking about ASUU strike, this is an anomaly in the education sector, whether we subscribe to this or not it has taken its toll on other sectors. The cost of sending our children out of the country for studies still takes its bite on the economy. We don’t believe in madein-Nigeria products any longer, and that includes our graduates

need them”. Also Dr. Charles Onwunali of the Department of Mass Communication, UNILAG, said the abnormal situation means all the stakeholders will be affected, “the student and parents are worried, the lecturers programmes has also been disrupted to that extent it has also affected the student psychologically. “It will affect other calendar of the university and the graduation time, normally we are supposed to graduate either January or February but now we have to extend it. Even those who are to go for their service by January can no longer do so because they cannot be mobilized before then”. He, like Ogbinaka lampooned the way the FG goes about it which shows it level of insincerity. “Even the N100 billion, they claimed to have released was the one already meant for the university, it wasn’t anything new. They are not bringing their own money yet, if you are negotiating with somebody, you went through the back door to bring what already belong to the person in the first place that is not negotiation. When it comes to their issues there is money but the moment education is mentioned, there is no money that is a serious disconnects in the society”. owever Dayo Adeniyi seemed to have a solution to the logjam, “The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) governor, ever since he ascends to that position set an eagle eye on the banking sector because of fear of collapse. He has been introducing a lot measures to protect that sector. Even though sometimes his policies and measures are seen as anti-people and over-regulation but the whole essence was to save the system. The ministry of education can borrow leaf from him”, he suggested. He lamented that what is going in the education sector is capable of stunting economic growth, “think of business activities that take place in universities, they have been crippled, the commuters and traders within environment are now jobless, think of lecturers and other non- academics staff themselves, does joblessness promote economic growth?, he queried.


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Why Nasarawa lawmakers are fighting me- Almakura By Abubakar Ibrahim


he Nasarawa State Governor Umaru Tanko has said that he was summoned by the Nasarawa State House of Assembly this week over issues that were deliberately instigated by the Peoples Democratic Party in the state for mere political reasons rather than the substance of the cases. He told Peoples Daily Weekend Editors during an interview in Lafia, the state capital that the lawmakers wanted him to sack the managing director of a state-owned limited liability company and reinstate the dissolved management of the state-owned university without regard to due process and the law. “They should not ask me to sack the company manager because the modus operandi of

this company is governed by the (Companies and Allied Matters) Act. They can find out if there is any case of financial recklessness... the constitution provides that they tailor their resolution to inviting the Auditor-General of the state who will be directed by the House to invite external auditors to look through the books and anything found not in line with financial dealings of the company, be brought to the House. “But where the House went straight to the company violating the Act and Articles of Association and Memoranda without complying with due diligence in their official function through the Auditor-General, I had no option than to disregard the resolution”, he said. Almakura said that, the second point of disagreement with the House was the condition

of the Nasarawa state university, which, according to him, was set up to produce quality manpower for the state but was mismanaged “administratively, financially and otherwise”. “The law establishing it made it mandatory that certain percentage of the workforce and even (students) intake should come from Nasarawa State. As at the time I took over, not up to 40 percent of both staff and students are from Nasarawa state. But that’s not the only problem. Other problems that border on administrative and financial lapses and all the rest, made me to look closely at the operations of the university. And unfortunately by the time I came, there was no Council. So, I took pains to look at the right thing to do in compliance with the law establishing the university. I discovered as a

Visitor of the university who is all in all, especially in the absence of a Council, that I have the right to set up a committee and assess the investigations done and take action.” The “investigative panel”, he added, made startling revelations including the failure of the university to convoke students in the last five years, failure of inaugural lecture for professorial achievements and the dwindling of accredited courses caused him to appoint an interim administrator for the Ivory Tower and suspended the institution’s management. However, he said, the Assembly’s committee on education, ignored the rules “ironically” enacted by the same legislature and queried the suspension of the university management.

Almakura added, he did not ignore the House resolutions out of disrespect, but rather to guide it in “doing the right thing”. He said while the state legislature and executive have a “chummy” relationship, he was not happy with the periodic dialogue with the legislature. However, he said the state branch of the PDP which commands majority in the House, was behind the intermittent disputes with his government. Governor Almakura was grilled at the state House of Assembly on Tuesday over undisclosed issues, a situation which caused fracas between youths loyal to the governor and the police who dispersed them with teargas. (Read full text of the exclusive interview next Saturday)

No agreement yet with Boko Haram —Turaki …We’ll win, Jonathan insists By Miriam Humbe, Ayodele Samuel, Lagos


R-L: President Goodluck Jonathan, presenting a souvenir to the outgoing representative of the Delegation Of European Union (EU) to nigeria and ECOWAS, Dr. Davia Mac Rae at the Presidential Villa on Friday in Abuja. Photo Joe Oroye

Five killed in Plateau robbery attack From Ado Abubakar Musa, Jos


ive travellers were reportedly killed yesterday when people suspected to be armed robbers blocked a road and killed five persons including a pregnant woman in Dindima village of Barkin Ladi Local Government Area of Plateau State while four others were injured. According to the Chairman of Barkin Ladi Local Government Area, Hon. Emmanuel Loman ,

the incident happened around 7:30 pm when the deceased victims were on their way from Bukuru to Foron. Loman explained that two of the victims were from Bwara, one from Kakpwis in Foron village while two were from Fan village all in Barkin Ladi Local Governemnt Area. Following the incident which took place around 7: 30pm, the aggrieved youths of the village launched a reprisal attack in some villages of Bicichi, rustling 30

cows and burning a truck. Confirming the incidents, Information and Media Officer of the Special Task Force (STF), Captain Salisu Mustapha said “the armed robbers killed five of the travellers while four sustained serious injuries who are receiving treatment at the Jos University Teaching Hospital,” he said proactive in combating terrorism and insecurity. “As a government, we are doing everything possible to improve our country on all fronts.


hairman of the Presidential Committee on Dialogue and Peaceful Resolution of Security Challenges in the North, Alhaji Kabiru Tanimu Turaki yesterday said that despite meeting with the high ranking officials of the Jamā’atu Ahl alsunnah li-da’wa wa al-jihād, better known as Boko Haram, his committee is yet to enter into a ceasefire agreement with the sect. Speaking to journalists in Lagos yesterday after the meeting of the committee with the leaders of Yoruba Unity Forum (YUF), Turaki said the committee is working tirelessly for peace to return to the Northern part of Nigeria, especially the NorthEast zone, where Boko Haram is based. Turaki, who is the Minister of Special Duties, also defended the ongoing state of emergency in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states, saying that with time government would overcome the insurgency. “We have achieved a lot. You could remember that we recently held a world press conference in Abuja, where we were able to give a brief of what we have done so far to members of the local and international media and we released a video containing members of the Shura sitting in council and then accepting and recommending to themselves and all other members of the Jamā’a Ahl al-sunnah li-da’wa wa al-jihād, the issue of dialogue, saying there is no option than dialogue as far as Islam and Muslims are concerned. That is an achievement. “You have to appreciate that the complicity involved are beyond people’s imagination. Even when you now get to the point of entering into a seize fire agreement with them, which we have not got into yet, don’t forget

there are lots of people who are not part of the people doing this on ideological basis. We are all aware that there are criminals who are not members of this organisation but will go out and fire a shot in the air and shout Allahu Akbar and then rob the people. So even if you get to this issue and arrive at amicable settlement through dialogue, those who are outrightly criminal will continue their activities and they have to be contended with by government. In his address, the deputy chairman of Yoruba Unity Forum, Rt. Reverend Bolanle Gbonigi commended the efforts of the Turaki-led committee in providing solution to the insurgency in the North and pledged Yoruba support in solving the insecurity problem in Nigeria. Meanwhile, President Goodluck Jonathan has said that although measures taken by his administration have so far resulted in a significant reduction in the occurrence of terrorist attacks in the country, the federal government would keep on doing everything possible to enhance security in all parts of the country. A statement signed by Special Adviser to the President on Media and Publicity, Mr. Reuben Abati, Jonathan revealed that President Jonathan while speaking at an audience with the outgoing Representative of the Delegation of the European Union to Nigeria and ECOWAS, Mr. David Mac Rae, in Abuja yesterday, said his administration would remain proactive in combating terrorism and insecurity. “As a government, we are doing everything possible to improve our country on all fronts. We are consistently adapting our security architecture to deal with terrorism which has become a challenge to the whole world.



Suntai: The plot, the politics, the intrigues

Rather than lessen tension, Governor Danbaba Suntai’s return last Sunday, August 25 has tended to further accelerate the worsening the political situation in Taraba state over the physical and mental fitness of the governor to govern the state. It seems a replay of the 2009/2010 episode over the assumption, in acting capacity, of Goodluck Jonathan following late Umar Musa Yar’Adua’s health challenges which was manipulated by some cabal desperate to cling to power. Similar intrigues, shenanigans, political theatrics and plottings have become the order of the day in Taraba. Gov Suntai has sacked the cabinet, but that has been countered by the state House of Assembly which directed him to return to the US for medical treatment while it wants the acting governor to hold forth until he recovers fully and is fit. In this report our Correspondent, Ayodele Samuel attempts an expose of the cabals, their plots and intrigues and the mudslinging playing out in Taraba. There are additional reports from Patrick Andrew, Assistant Editor and Senior Reporter Muhammed Puma.


ormer Speaker Taraba state House of Assembly, Istifanus Haruna Gbana, who is one of the eight members of the House backing ailing Governor Danbaba Suntai in the ongoing power tussle in the state, was instrumental to the removal of the Suntai’s former Deputy Governor, Abubakar Danladi. Gbana has always played a key role in Governor Suntai’s camp. Initially, as Speaker he had manipulated events to delay the confirmation of the then Deputy Governor Umar the acting governor of the state several months after Suntai was taken to Germany for medical attention following the fatal plane crash, last November. Umar was to profit from the ripple effect of the misappropriation of the federal government flood funds which swept off Gbana along with several others. In fact, Umar had eagerly supervised Gbana’s impeachment when he eventually battled his way through to become the Acting Governor. Gbana suffered no little hurt and is seething with rage that he was not protected. He too does not feel it necessary to lend a shoulder to the acting governor. Also in the same boat is the Majority Leader of the House, Joseph Albasu Kunini, who at present leads the pro-Suntai lawmakers in the house. Kunini, who is representing Lau Constituency in the chamber, together with Charles Maijankai (Karim Constituency) and Ishaya Gani, is at the vanguard against Umar remaining the acting governor of the state, not minding that the governor’s health is suspect. The majority leader has insisted in spite of obvious doubt that Suntai is physically and mentally fit to govern the state. As such, it is claimed that he dramatically told the acting governor to his face that his time was up. Besides, he has not only refuted the allegation that the signature on Suntai’s letter to the Assembly was forged, but described any such claim as mischievous. According to him, if the governor so desires he could thump-print on any letter provided forensic test shows the thump print belongs to him. “We saw Governor Suntai in New York, United States and now that he has returned, and judging from the conversation we had with him, the governor is sound to resume work,” Kunini said.

Another arrowhead in the campaign for Suntai’s resumption of office is Victor Bala Kona, Chairman of the state PDP, who was handpicked by the governor. Kona is believed to have muted the idea of dissolution of the state executive council to pave way for ‘core’ loyalists of Suntai to take over the system without any impediment from opposing members of the executive. And with his influence in the state Exco of the party, Kona would ensure only loyalists are in positions of influence to take decision which will not be countered by opposing elements. This much was confirmed by the State Publicity Secretary of the PDP Napoleon Adamu who stated that the party is divided over the matter. “I can authoritatively tell you that we are divided on the issue of Suntai, the Chairman is on one side and all other members of the working committee are on another side. We believe that everything about the health of his Excellency is public deceit. The people are being deceived about the governor’s true state of health. “We have rejected any sentiment brought into the matter. But it’s still difficult for the party to take a stand on it because we are divided, our chairman is part of the people deceiving the public on Suntai’s health.” Peoples Daily Weekend’s efforts to reach the party chairman failed as he was said to be on his way to Abuja for the PDP national convention holding today (Saturday). Former Secretary to the State Government, SSG Ambassador Emmanuel Njiwah, who was sacked by the acting governor along with five commissioners for alleged corruption, is also on a vengeance mission. Njiwah, who is the right hand man of governor Suntai, had always told whoever cared to listen that they were thrown out of office for refusing to support the plot to remove the governor while he was receiving treatment in the US. The Suntai’s camp was said to have felt betrayed by the “injustice” meted on a key and loyal member of their caucus by the state government under Ag. governor Umar. Dependable sources say that Njiwah

Gov. Suntai

was initially to be returned as the SSG as earlier promised by the governor’s wife when Suntai resumed. However after some consultation, the decision was dropped to forestall likely criticism that could trail Njiwah’s re-appointment. Njiwah sees the return of Suntai as ample opportunity to get back at Umar. Babangida Suntai, the governor’s younger sibling, rose to prominence in the state following his older brother’s plane crash. He suddenly came to public limelight when he became the contact person between the ailing governor and whoever had wanted to reach Suntai while he was in foreign hospitals. Though not confirmed, he was alleged to have called President Goodluck Jonathan and Vice President Nnamadi Sambo

from the US in the guise of governor Suntai. Using his sudden political relevance to advantage, Babangida got the camp of the Acting Governor to agree to name him the Deputy Governor to the Umar if Suntai eventually got impeached by the House of Assembly or he resigned voluntarily. That agreement was reneged by the Umar, who showed no interest in having him as his deputy, a development that made Babangida angry. Umar it was said relied on his boss’ earlier caution of his cabinet members against having dealings with his younger sibling because of the latter’s penchant to drop his name for political favours.






Another powerful element in the Suntai- must- stay saga is Hajiya Hauwa Suntai, wife of the ailing governor and mother of five. She’s in control of affairs: decides who sees the governor, when and for how long. Hauwa, like Turai Yar’Adua, enjoys the position of authority entrusted on her as it were by fate. Hitherto inconsequential, she took over governance making policy statements without recourse to the constituted and elected authorities. For instance, she announced the date of Suntai’s return 24 hours before the Acting Governor had to confirm it on behalf of the government. Before then, Hauwa was cautioned by General TY Danjuma because she was said to have declined to release the governor’s passport to enable him be flown to Nigeria. One would hardly fault her for taking crucial decisions especially on who should see her husband. However, as the governor of Taraba, Suntai’s health matters cease to be her sole concern, but that all Tarabans. Granted, every Tarabans may not have access to the governor, but that shouldn’t be applicable to the representatives of the people. Sadly though, Hauwa chose to play god. She denied even the leadership of the state House of Assembly access to the governor. That includes the Speaker and even the Acting Governor, who were prevented from having audience with the governor until last Wednesday. Besides, rather allow the Acting Governor to function in his official capacity, Hauwa assumed state responsibilities: she has been receiving top government functionaries at the State house. Even then, it was out of regard for their offices that she eventually granted them access to and audience with the governor. It was simply because she got wind of planned impeachment of Suntai that forced her to quickly arrange for the Speaker of the State House of Assembly, Haruna Tsokwa, and a few other legislators to visit the governor, where she appealed to the legislators not to impeach her husband. Like Turai, she’s using her husband’s health as bargain chip. She is presently said to be consulting with the First Lady, Dame Patient Jonathan, to intervene in the crisis and save her husband’s job. Also aligning with the cabals in the fight for Suntai to govern the people irrespective of his mental and physical state is Ali Sani Kona. The former chairman of Jalingo Local Government Area and immediate past Special Adviser to the governor on Local Government and Chieftaincy Affairs, was initially tipped for the post of the Deputy Governor when Abubakar Danladi was impeached. However, saner political calculations worked against his eventual nomination. Certain interests were responsible, including Garba Umar’s factor, and Kona, who played a very prominent role in Suntai’s reelection, had never forgiven them. Kona is, therefore, said to be using his tremendous goodwill at the grassroots and traditional institutions in the state in support for Governor Suntai as well to subtly payback for Umar. And yet there is Aliyu Umaru, a former Director at the National Boundary Commission, currently based in United State. The fellow is an old time friend of Governor Suntai. He too is allegedly nursing revenge against Umar, who was replaced by Dr. Obadiah Ando, as a minister

nominee, back in 2010. Other members of the cabal are Commissioner for Information, Emanuel Bello, who was alleged to be behind the video footage shown on the state television. Senior Special Assistant on Media and Publicity, Sylvanus Giwa, who announced the purported dissolution of the state executive council, and former Commissioner of Justice and Attorney General of the State, Mr Timothy Kataps, who was named the new SSG, have dug into the trenches to remain relevant. All these paled into insignificance when Senator Emmanuel Bwacha is thrown into the mix. Powerful and ambitious, Bwacha wants to be the next governor of Taraba. That of course is a legitimate ambition. But what isn’t is the senator’s alleged manipulation of the Suntai’s health turning it into power tussle, Bwacha, who represents Taraba South is the chief arrowhead of the cabals. He is believed to have spearheaded the return of the ailing Governor Suntai from the US. The calculation is simple. If Garba Umar remains the acting governor as it is most likely to be, Suntai will lose relevance. It means Bwacha, who intends to profit from Suntai’s political structure and the power of incumbency, will lose out since Umar would probably take advantage of his clout as acting governor to realign his camp and strengthen his base for 2015. Therefore, Bwacha sees the Ag.Governor’s interest as conflicting with his own and in addition could pose a serious threat to his grassroots machinery and command. Thus, he believes allowing Umar to assume office could automatically cost him a chance for a shot at the office. Also, it is feared that it could create the vista for the replay of late Umar Yar’ Adua and Goodluck Jonathan saga. In essence, Suntai’s health hardly matters. What does is political interests and succession arrangement. Bwacha is a well loved politician at the grassroots level. He had joined forces to mobilize support for Suntai and again was in the fore front to galvanise the people to troop out to give the governor a rousing welcome last Sunday, poltical observers believe he is empty without Suntai’s power base. He also has the ears of many political appointees who see him as the next ‘godfather’ in waiting. But that won’t fall in line if Suntai’s is out of office. Bwacha is also the only Senator that belongs to Suntai’s camp. His other colleagues in the NASS have sympathy for Umar. He believes the actions and statements of the 16 members of the House of Assembly are illegal and unconstitutional. These aside, another matter playing out is the usual ugly religious element. Suntai is a professed Christian while Umar proclaims the Muslim faith. Here is the intrigue. The cabal, most of whom share Suntai’s faith believe accepting the acting governor would means conceding the position to a Muslim. The logic is just as North lost out when Umar Yar’ Adua died allowing his deputy to takeover, completed his tenure and then took a shoot on his merit at the presidency, the Christians would lose out and Umar will like Jonathan profit from their loss. All this though depends is predicated on eventuality: if Suntai becomes incapacitated, if he is impeached etc. The so-called cabals are also desperate

to get Umar out of the way because within the short time that he has presided, he has saved N20 billion for the state. That they say is unprecedented. Besides, he has ensured that outstanding debts owed by the state was paid to the tune of N5 billion thus leaving in excess N15 billion. Also in favour of Umar is crusade against corruption which played out when he opted to sack the former Speaker of the House of Assembly plus some other political appointees for allegedly tampering with the flood funds which was an intervention of the federal government for flood victims. Crises get messier The political impasse rocking Taraba State yesterday took a new dimension, when Special Advisers to the Governor on Security Matters and some local government chairmen shunned the state ‘Acting Governor’ Garba Umar. A source in the government house told our correspondent that Umar had convened a security meeting which was turned down by the Special Advisers on the grounds that Governor Danbaba Suntai has dissolved the cabinet. Also, another meeting convened by the acting governor with local government chairmen was not held due to the poor turnout of the council chairmen. “There was to also have been a meeting with all LGA chairmen but only two showed up at the meeting, others said they were not attending because the man is not loyal to Governor Suntai.” Also Peoples Daily Weekend gathered that some commissioners including Information, Emmanuel Bello among others have handed over to permanent secretaries in their various ministries. The Commissioners were said to have acted in compliance with governor Suntai’s dissolution of cabinet. Meanwhile, there was tension in Jalingo when rumour spread that Governor Suntai was rushed to the state specialist hospital and would be flown out of the country. But that was debunked by the Chief Press Secretary to Governor Suntai, Hassan Mijinyanwa, who said his principal was ‘doing government activity’ “As am talking to you, Governor Suntai is in the State House. I just left him on his way going to the gym.” Meanwhile Constitutional Lawyers and human rights activists, Sebastine Hon, SAN, Daniel Richards and John Odikina have described as unacceptable the action of the Taraba State House of Assembly stopping the governor from resuming office. Odikina, who is the Spokesperson of the Nigerian Bar Association Taraba State Chapter, said the action of the House of Assembly was a breach of law. “Nigeria is a country governed by the constitution. The constitution says the governor should write. I don’t know what the House of Assembly is deliberating on. It’s a clear breach of the constitution. “If they say the governor signature’s was forged, it’s a criminal offence, they should go to court. He that alleges must prove; am not holding brief for the governor but the rule of law must prevail. The man has done what the constitution requested of him, the assembly must respect it and follow the law of the land.” He urged President Goodluck Jonathan to call the Taraba Deputy Governor, Alhaji Garba Umar to order, for kicking against the changes made by Governor Danbaba Suntai.

Hon on his part noted that it would amount to “contempt of the Constitution” to still be calling Umar acting governor “because the substantive governor is back on his seat”. “There cannot be two captains in one ship; it will sink. So, the action of the Deputy Governor of Taraba State countering the changes made by Governor Suntai amounts to rebellion and gross breach of the constitution, which is impeachable.” “I call on President Goodluck Jonathan to immediately call Umar to order”, he said, adding that “No governor worth his salt will condone this type of behaviour. The constitution also does not condone it.” Reacting to the lawmakers’ action, Daniels said the actions of the Speaker of the Taraba State House of Assembly amounted to sheer criminality against the Nigerian people and the constitution, adding that Section 189 was clear as it relates to the procedure for resuming after absence from office. ‘How can a speaker just sit down and attempt to redesign the constitution. The constitution is clear and direct on this issue.” For the speaker to attempt to muscle the process and ask Danbaba to appear is most unacceptable and a clear case of criminality which must be addressed as there is no law that states that Suntai must appear before the House. This is a clear ambush on the constitution and must be rejected by all,’ Daniels stated. Taraba Reps endorse Umar, Acting Gov. Based on the assessment of ailing Governor Danbaba Suntai of Taraba state by the state lawmakers, five federal lawmakers of the National Assembly from Taraba have added their voices in asking the governor to go back to hospital for medical attention. The lawmakers yesterday in a press briefing at the National Assembly, urged the Acting governor Garba Umar to continue with the governance of the state as acting governor pending when Suntai is fit to govern the state. The members said they maintained that the Speaker’s action of verifying the letter sent to the Assembly by Suntai was in order. “Alhaji Garba Umar remains the executive governor, while Acting Governor should continue as constitutionally enshrined until Governor Danbaba is convincingly fit to steer the affairs of the State,” “The elder statesmen and highly placed persons from Taraba State should as a matter of urgency, converge to proffer solutions to the present political logjam and impasse,” they said. The lawmakers then cautioned the people outside Taraba to “ unless for purpose of bringing peace to our dear Taraba State, desist from meddling with our affairs. “Without prejudice to the legality or otherwise of the action of the Members of Taraba State House of Assembly, we hereby commend the bold, gallant, resolute and patriotic steps taken by the Taraba State House of Assembly under the leadership of the courageous Speaker Rt. Hon. Haruna Tsokwa.” The Taraba state caucus, who signed on the position yesterday were Senator Abubakar Umar Tutare, Rep. Isyaka Bawa, Rep. Ibrahim El-Sudi, Rep. Aminu Ibrahim Malle, and Rep. Jerry Manwe The State House of Assembly had on Thursday barred ailing state governor, Danbaba Suntai, from resuming work, because of his feeble state.

Prime Interview ••• APC is a real threat


Contd from Pg 2

find the balance; we have to find where the balance lies in a working federal system of government that protects the interest of all stakeholders in the federation.

Page 9

Recently, the opposition platform has collapsed into APC; do you think it is in anyway a threat to the PDP in the coming election? I believe as a politician, it will be wrong for me to say all is well, where the opposition is strong when they come together. And if politics can be a career, I can be a professional on the field as I have been in it for virtually all my life as an adult. And I have been taught a lesson that in unity lies strength. You don’t play with unity. For opposition platforms who decided to merge to become stronger, one should not take them for granted, as doing so would be self-delusion. In politics, I believe that I don’t underestimate any opponent, not to talk about when my entire opponent come together to speak one voice. So I think it has given cause to focus ourselves and try to find ways of solving our problems, so that we can be strong; so that we can talk as a party with one voice; so that every member of the party feels that he or she is in the right place, and his or her interest is being protected and respected. And once we can do that, we would have what it takes to beat an opposition; if we can’t do that and we just want to be seen as the proverbial ostrich feeling all is okay, I will say I disagree. I think there is the need for us to stand up now and put in some hard work and be honest with PDP, and solve the problems that we know exists. Talking about the leadership of the PDP; are you confident with the current leadership? I’m a member of the PDP BOT. I was a governor, and I’m a senator today, so I cannot say in a very simple manner; take away myself from the leadership of the party or the government of the day. I’m in the senate, and the senate is an arm of the government. So I’m still in government. So I cannot run away from the fact that I’m one of the leaders of the country today. And I’m not saying so to blow my top. I’m saying these are facts on the ground. I want to distinguish between what I think as a member of my party and what I share with you on an interview like this. One of the key elements that endeared the PDP to all the geopolitical zones of the country was its rotational policy. But it appears that the death of our immediate past president seems to have distorted that. Do you still believe that the rotational presidency system should and must be sustained? hat’s a question we are seeking to answer in the PDP. And I have answered that question not once, not twice nor thrice. I do agree strongly that one of the things that made PDP attractive to the various federating units across diverse ethnic nationalities of the country was the fact that they had a feeling that democratically, each component would have an opportunity to have leadership. And the leadership should be determined by a democratic process in a manner in which no one part is denied that opportunity to take part in leadership like the presidency of the country. And it will not be honourable for me to say today that I’m not on the side of rational policy, because I was part of it. I was in the meeting at the beginning of its formulation; and if anyone can go through the minutes, he would see that I was there. So, do you believe strongly that PDP should respect the agreement they had that power should shift to the North? Obviously, all along the division has always been North and South. When Lord Lugard amalgamated Nigeria; if you like you can say unilaterally, he didn’t talk of Southeast or Southwest or South-south or


Senator Abdullahi Adamu

North-west or North-east or North central. He amalgamated the northern and the southern protectorates. So all the things that are now being added to that, are innovations in our constitutional development. And the PDP restricted itself to the issue of North and South. And to the best of my knowledge, the zoning has remained a North and South affair till today. So I stand by it. So you are one of those who believe that in 2015, for instance, the principle of rotation should be applied? I believe that in 2015, it should apply with all intent and purpose every time. The arrangement so to speak that has bound the party together should always be adhered to and respected. You are of the opinion that power should shift to the North in 2015? If you want me to use the word yes; I would say yes. Taraba state is boiling. And the chief executive of the state has just returned, and as some people would think that he is not fit enough to run the affairs of the state; but he had proceeded to make some announcements that has really expanded the debate. What’s your view about what is happening in Taraba? Generally speaking, the media seem to be changing in colour as far as I’m concerned. Why is it that journalists today don’t want to call a spade, a spade? If some media practitioners believe that as it has been suggested that the governor is incapacitated to govern his state, then I may not be cornered to disagree or agree with them, because there is no facts to back their views. But, as a major stakeholder in the PDP, and going by the fact that Taraba is a PDP state, what would be your understanding and appreciation of the situation in the state? Of course I’m not happy with what is happening in Taraba. The fact that there appears to be an emerging stalemate, I don’t like it. So how would you want the issue resolved? As long as I’m concerned, it is a Taraba problem. And I do not want to be so overbearing on the issue, and say this is the way Taraba should go. I believe they are capable of solving their problems. This is not the first time this is happening in Nigeria, as it happened during late Umaru Yar’Adua’s regime; what steps would you suggest to be taken to address and ensure that there won’t be a repeat of this kind of problem in the future?

The problem is an unfortunate setting; we are not honest people unfortunately; and I say so with every sense of responsibility. There are simple things you can do to determine the health status of the governor; if he passes the basic tests that are expected of a chief executive of a state, then he should be given peaceful hold on his office. But if there is a confirmation that the governor cannot pass a very simple elementary test to ensure he is in good state of health to run the affairs of the state, which of course the constitution has stipulated what should be done. Why are we pretending in this matter? It should be noted that the constitute doesn’t operate us; we are supposed to operate the constitution, for God’s sake. But we don’t want to be honest about it; and we are waiting for who will bail the cat! And that’s a tall order. We must be honest and do what is right. And it’s for me to say at this instance to say to Tarabans this is what is right and that is wrong. And those who are not doing what is right know that they are not doing the right thing. But I would want to see how far they would drag the state. We went through this scenario before at the centre; was that not enough for Nigeria or any part of Nigeria to learn from and be able to come out neat and clean with the situation in Taraba? Recently, in your native state, precisely in Alakyo and the Ombatse cult… Well if you would permit me there is a judicial commission of enquiry in place, and to discuss the issue of Alakyo would amount to prejudice. But the thing I would like is that we should cooperate with the commission, to come up with its findings and report; at the end of the day that would proffer solution to the problem of Ombatse, if in fact it is an organization that it’s a secret cult as people would want us to believe; but I believe personally without prejudice to the work of the commission that it is a political movement. Recently, there was an agitation that his Excellency, Gov. Al’Makura is under threat of impeachment by the state assembly; and fingers have been pointed to key politicians in the state, especially those in the PDP agitating for 2015. Is there any political move to impeach the governor? Well I’m not aware of any move to impeach the governor. And it is not for me as a legislator at the federal level to answer questions that should be directed at Nasaarawa state house of assembly. But I’m not also aware that there is any plan by the PDP to impeach the governor. And if there were to be one, I would advise they tread with caution. I’m in PDP; I was privileged

to be Governor of the state. Our state is one of the youngest states of the country, because it was among the last six states in October, 1996. It was the last to be born of the six. So Nasarawa state is the youngest of all the states in the country. I don’t believe that because of our political differences, we should go far enough, as to do anything that would harm the political stability of the state. This is because if care is not taken, one single wrong move to give direction will take the state very long time to recover. So, we must be very careful. Although, it is natural in the political environment for people to blow hot, but I’m not aware that the state assembly is trying to do that; I appreciate that we (PDP) have the majority and that any governor would not do anything care freely where his is having a very small minority in the assembly, given the fact that there is an avenue that can silence him. Of course it is within the constitutional right of the Assembly to ensure that the state is run in accordance with the rules of the game as stipulated in the constitution. And I would want to believe that it is the handwork of political traders, they are the ones that can spread this kind of thing to put fear in one camp or another. But those of us who have been through this before, know that impeachment will not be a good omen for the state. And it is important to note that nowhere today in the country can you make a move for impeachment and just take whole and solo moves and deliver without bruises; I don’t wish that for my state. I’m not the governor today, but my love for the state is growing older with my age; and I don’t want anything bad to befall my child or daughter or any other person for that matter. If You could recall during the dying moment of the regime of President Olusegun Obansanjo, there was this move to bring you on board as one of those lined up to take the mantle of PDP as the presidential candidate. What would your ambition be in 2015? To start with, I don’t believe that anybody was lining up to succeed Obasanjo in office. There was no line; because the presidential race is not a parade. So I’m not aware about that. But I do remember that I did contest for the presidency; I did want the ticket of the PDP, and then two days to the convention I got a wind of the fact that the party had a direction they wanted to go; I was dreaming but I’m not the kind of a guy who would knock his head against the wall, and believe that because the party has shut the door against him, then he will use his head to break the wall and go through, I don’t believe in that. I believe in faith; I believe in knocking until the door is opened to me; I believe in seeking to find , but I believe in being reasonable; and I’m a team player; when the leadership of the party says this is the person they wanted, I gave my support. I did not only withdraw; I supported Yar’Adua. I went round wherever I was invited for campaign. I made sure I delivered the votes to PDP in my state; as PDP won in my state where I was the chief steward at the time. There is no doubt the fact that there were quite a number of places where people saw me as one of the candidates that had the chance. I felt encouraged by those thoughts that are positive towards the ambition I was expressing; and once it didn’t come, that was it. I believe power comes from God, and it happens that I’m not destined to be president of Nigeria, that is it; there is no question about; and there is no need for me to lose sleep over it. That I have a passion to serve Nigeria, that I still have; but the presidency is not in my equation at the moment. But I’m praying God should bring us those who will; and we will join and serve the country.

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Convention: PDP secretly endorses contestants ..3500 delegates to elect officials By Lawrence Olaoye


bout 3500 delegates from the 36 states of the federation and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) will today converge in Abuja to elect the party’s national officials. The delegates are to vote for the vacant positions of members of the National Working Committee (NWC) who lost their positions due to the report credited to the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) which invalidated the party’s March 2012. The positions being contested at

the Eagle Square venue of the PDP Congress today include those of the Deputy National Chairman, Assistant National Secretary, National Publicity Secretary and that of the National Organizing Secretary. Other positions up for grabs include those of the Financial Secretary, Woman Leader, Youth Leader and the office of the National Auditors. Beside these, members of the NWC, their deputies, who are equally national officials, are also going to be elected. Meanwhile, all the 75 contestants

who indicated interests in the positions were cleared to contest the election by the Senator Ndoma Egba-led Screening Committee. This was done, according to source, to avoid bickering that could mar the congress more so when there would be no time to address any appeal that may result from the exercise. Similarly, it was gathered that some of the contestants have been secretly endorsed by their regions making the contest today a mere walk-over for them. Commenting on the readiness

of the party to conduct the election, Chairman, Media and Publicity Committee of the Convention Planning Committee and Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives, Rt. Hon. Emeka Ihedioha, told newsmen that adequate preparations have been made to ensure a hitch free Congress. He said “There are 146 voting points with same number voting at a time. This is to fasten the process of voting. About 3500 delegates are expected to cast their votes. Voting would be concluded on time because it commences as soon as the Presi-

dent arrives. It is expected to be concluded within three hours after which sorting would commence.” Ihedioha said all positions would be voted for to avoid the pitfall of the past where those who won by affirmation in the past have their elections flawed by the INEC. While assuring that all party issues would be resolved at today’s convention, the Deputy Speaker added that seasoned administrators and other senior Nigerians who are founding fathers of the party would feature prominently in the electoral process.

Man with 86 wives, Masaba, dragged to court over bride price From Yakubu Mustapha, Minna


4 Gov Ibrahim Gaidam of Yobe State (first right) watching as some of the newly appointed Local Government Caretaker Management Committee chairmen take their oaths of office, at the WAWA Hall, Government House Damaturu on Friday.

Envoy lauds Kebbi on agriculture From Ahmed Idris, Birnin Kebbi


igerian Ambassador to Sudan, Alhaji Haliru Shuaibu has commended the foresight of Kebbi state government for the giant strides it made in its agricultural transformation programme. The envoy, an indigene of the state, expressed satisfaction on the style of leadership Governor Saidu

Usman Dakingari was able to deliver since he led the state about six years ago. Disclosing this while speaking to newsmen in his hometown, Zaria Kala Kala, he said “Frankly am highly impressed with the state agricultural programme that covers all nooks and crannies of the state, especially the prompt procurement and distribution of fertilizers as well as improve

seeds for farmers” he said. Ambassador Shu’aibu added that the road network and water supply of the administration was also a remarkable achievement saying “it is kudos to our governor, look at my village now, in the past the road was bad but he tarred it from here of to Bagudo, and that is what he has been doing since he assumed office in 2007”.

hief Magistrate Court 2, sitting in Bida, Niger state, has adjourned till Thursday September 5, 2013 a ruling on whether it has jurisdiction to entertain the suit against the man with 86 wives, Alhaji Mohammed Bello Masaba by his ex- wife Azatu Adamu for not fulfilling her promised dowry before their wedding The 30- year old Azatu who though did not have legal representation, had dragged Bello Masaba before the court seeking a refund of N1.5million being the bride price promised her at the time of their wedding which she claimed had not been paid. In the suit number BD/MC/ DCR/ 43//2013 at the Court presided over by Chief Magistrate Saadatu Usman which came up on Wednesday, she also prayed the court to help her recover the sum of N165,500.00 being allegedly stolen from her during a scuffle in her former husband’s house recently when she was invited by the ex-husband. The Defence Counsel to Mohammed Bello Masaba and 15 others, Barrister Oluwole Oluranti objected the court hearing the case on the ground that the court lacked the jurisdiction to entertain the case, arguing that the case be transferred to a court of competent jurisdiction where there is not likely to be a bias. The learned Counsel also enjoined the presiding Magistrate to disqualify herself from hearing the case because of the likelihood of being bias by the magistrate. He further argued that the trial judge was indirectly associated with

one of the plaintiffs in a case involving his Client in another Court over the Etsu Masaba ruling house of Bida emirate council. He averred that a writ of summons between Alhaji Abdulmalik Ndajiko , the Nakoyi Nupe , Alhaji Mankon Abdullahi the Rufian Nupe, Alhaji Umma Abubakar the Dan Bakwai Nupe , Alhaji Saidu Mini Bello, Alhaji Mohammed Usman, the Serkin Jiya Nupe and Alhaji Abubakar M. Gimba against Mohammed Bello Masaba the first defendant in the present suit, is presently before your worship. “That suit before High Court which is yet to be decided is still pending and it was filled by all the plaintiffs in that case over the membership or non membership of the first defendant in Etsu Masaba ruling house of Bida. “Paragraph 4H of the affidavit in support of this motion, one of the plaintiffs in that case is related to your worship , therefore your worship , we aver there is every likelihood that your worship might be biased in hearing this matter before this court” Oluranti said . He however stated that he was not categorically saying that the trial judge was biased but that there was every likelihood of her being biased adding that such could offend the principle of fair hearing. Barrister Oluranti argued that if bias was established, the court should hands off the case involving his client. In her reaction the Magistrate, Saadatu Usman stated that since the case was a civil matter, the next hearing had been adjourned till Thursday September 5 2013.

NAF nabs fake recruitment agents in Kaduna From Femi Oyelola, Kaduna


he Nigerian Air Force Internal Security outfit in Kaduna has arrested one military personnel, two civilians; 28 year old Zenkeli Isaiah and Haruna Charles Usman for parading themselves as recruitment agents of the military and duping innocent job seekers into Nigerian Army or Air Force. Commander 335 Base Services Group, Air Commodore Musibau Soladoye disclosed this while parading the said men before journalists

yesterday. Air Commodore Soladoye said the first suspect Zenkeli Isaiah was arrested on the August 12, 2013 by the NAF operatives following a tip off. According to him, the suspect who came from Benue State was staying with his younger sister Miss Talatu Onaji at Mararaba Jos, Kaduna where he carried out nefarious activities claiming to be a Flt. Sergeant with the Nigerian Air Force and promising his victims recruitment. Among the victims, the Base Commander said, are Bernard

ThankGod whom the suspect gave recruitment no. NAF2013005272 and Bilijaminu Usman Shagarda no. NAF2013000360 respectively, after collecting various sums of money from them. “Isaiah duplicated some military materials including on-duty cards and also snapped pictures with military uniform to lure job seekers for patronage. Military kits, Headquarters Training Command on-duty tags and some recruitment documents were among other things found in his residence when our investigators con-

ducted the search of his house. “Haruna Charles Usman was also arrested around Kawo area for duping one Mrs. Cecilia Jerry a sum of N75, 000 with the pretence of recruiting her brother into the Army. “I want to add that one military personnel directly involved has also been arrested and under custody”, the 335 Base Commander stated. Air Commodore Soladoye added that the latest development in the unravelling of criminals in the state is achieved as a result of paradigm change in our intelligence gathering.

“I therefore urge any members of the public who are interested in joining military or paramilitary to seek authorized ways of doing it either through their websites or pages of daily newspapers for recruitment details and stop unauthorized patronages”. One of the suspects Zenkeli Isaiah said he was at the Nigerian Army Depot but later dismissed for an offence which he did not disclose. He claimed to have collected N20, 000 only while the other suspect, Haruna Charles Usman said he collected only N74, 000 from his victim.




LG Caretaker C’ttee Chairmen Sworn-in in Yobe By Abubakar Ibrahim


obe state Governor Alh. Ibrahim Gaidam yesterday swore in newly appointed 17 local government caretaker committee chairmen to ensure continued provision of democratic dividends to people at the grassroots levels. While swearing them into office, the Governor urged them to remember the responsibility bestowed on them as a clear manifestation of acceptance by the people and therefore put the interest of the people ahead of their personal interest. He urged them, considering the meager resources the state gets from federal allocation, to always get their priorities right by first identifying critical areas that require immediate government intervention, as well as ensure that funds meant for financing of both current and capital expenditures are judiciously utilized. He urged them to put in genuine efforts towards enhancing revenue generation in order to enable them get additional funds that could assist them in the execution of more developmental projects. He appealed to them to complement state government efforts by giving special attention to activities such as opening up Fadama farms, provision of water pumps, procurement of tricycles and promotion of small and medium enterprises with a view to creating job opportunities, alleviating poverty and empowering the youth and women towards self-reliance. He want them also to popular participation of all stakeholders in all activities that directly affect the people and in that way, lay a solid foundation for the upcoming elected council members to build upon.

L-R: Osun state Deputy Governor, Otumba Titilayo Tumori, Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Dr. Akinwumi Adesina, Kano state Governor, Engr. Rabi’u Musa Kwankwaso and the Nigeria Country Director, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Dr. Mairo Mandara at the Nigeria Action Plan Workshop: Learning from the successes of Brazil’s Agricultural Transformation, held at the Transcorp Hilton, Abuja.

China remains world’s 2nd largest economy —Obasanjo From: Mahmoud Muhammad, Sokoto


ormer President Olusegun Aremu Obasanjo yesterday described China as the second largest economy in the World. Obasanjo, who dropped this hint while commissioning 2.6 billion Naira water projects executed by Sokoto State Governor, Aliyu Wammakko in Asari village, Wammakko Local Government Area of Sokoto Thursday. He said what Nigerians want is fast development, so that ‘’we can be as well recognized as the giant of Africa. The former President also noted that as large as China was in population of about 1.4 billion people, yet she competes favourably with world super-powers. “Today

TCN shuts down Okpai power station

..Anticipates drop in power by 300MW By Etuka Sunday


he Management of Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN) yesterday announced the shut down of Agip Okpai Power Station in Delta State. The 5-day shut down from 31st August to 4th September, was to allow scheduled annual maintenance to be carried out on the plants. With the shut down, the

Management said the grid generation would go down by 300MW resulting in load shedding nationwide. The Management also in a statement said “this exercise is intended to improve grid performance and equipment stability. TCN regrets inconveniences that its esteemed customers will experience during this period,” the statement concluded.

when you mention China to the Americans, it is the next in terms of development and technology advancement. “On a serious note, I congratulate the Chinese Company for doing a good work”, Obasanjo explained. “Bring some money from China and invest in Nigeria”, he urged, adding that Nigeria as the giant of Africa has vital role to play, if China would agree to partner and invest in her heavily in order to achieve the

fastest development. Aremu, who is the traditional title holder of “Yan-Laban Sokoto” said the project which he commissioned, has significant impact on the lives of common man, animals and crops. Earlier in his remark, the Sultan of Sokoto Alhaji Sa’ad Abubakar III said the provision of portable water was among the many of achievement that touches the life of the common man, adding that the

project would address shortage and problems of water across the nooks and crannies of the state. The governor thanked Obasanjo for suspending all his schedule to attend the event considering that Sokoto been the most peaceful state in the country. It will be recalled that the water project was awarded last year at the cost of N2.6 billion to a Chinese firm ZHONGSHAN Nig. Ltd. with completion period of 12 months.

Eschew violence, engage opposition intellectually, Ajimobi tells supporters From Inumidun Ojelade, Ibadan


overnor Abiola Ajimobi of Oyo State has called on the people of the state not to be violent with the opposition anytime they (the opposition) are launching unnecessary attacks on his administration. Rather, he admonished the people to engage the opposition in an intellectual exchange by demanding from them what they did to impact positively on the lives of the people and to change the face of the state when they had the opportunity of presiding over the affairs of the state in the past. The governor, while addressing Islamic faithful at a Jumat Service held at Islamic Mission Mosque, Agugu, Ibadan, also asked people to query the antecedents of those falling over one another to destroy his government. “I am very much aware of the

surreptitious moves by those who have turned themselves into the enemies of the people of Oyo State; those who have been carrying out sustained attacks on our administration. “I want to appeal to you all not to be violent with them. What you should do is to ask those of them who had had the opportunity of presiding over the affairs of this state what they did to impact positively on the lives of the people when they were here. “Let them know that Oyo State has moved from the level of violence, spurious name-calling and lies; right now in our state, we play issue-based politics where everyone will be called to question on his or her past performances and the impact they made while they were entrusted with administering the state. And for those who have never been there, let them come out and tell us where they are coming

from, politically,’’ he said. “One thing that usually gives us internal satisfaction is that even the worst enemies of our government have not failed to acknowledge the good work we are doing. But they know for sure that if they continue to amplify our good work, that will signal their political death,’’ he said. The governor called on the people of the state to continue to support his administration so that it would continue to do more on the development of the state. He also appealed to religious leaders to continue to pray for his administration, stressing that it was their prayers that had sustained his government so far. The Chief Imam of the mosque, Alhaji Nasirudeen Titilope, thanked the governor for finding time out of his busy schedule to pray with them, saying that this had served as an encouragement to the Islamic faithful worshipping in the mosque.


Photo Splash


Yesterday Friday, August 30, 2013, was a memorable day for the family of Group Managing Director of Heritage Press Limited, Alhaji Ibrahim Ismail as he gave out his daughter, Halima to Suleiman Adamu Augie in marriage.The wedding fatiha took place at Annur Mosque, Wuse 2, Abuja and a reception was immediately held at Ladi Kwali Hall, Sheraton Hotel and Towers, Abuja. Our photographer, Mahmud Isa was at the two events and captured images of some important dignitaries that graced the occasion.

Former military president, General Ibrahim Babangida offering prayers for a blissful marriage for Halima Ibrahim Ismail and Suleiman Adamu Augie. Beside him is the former Finance Minister, Malam Adamu Ciroma during the occasion.

Jigawa state Governor, Alhaji Sule Lamido and his Kebbi state counterpart, Alhaji Saidu Dakingari at the solemnisation of the wedding

Former Minister of Power, Alhaji Bashir Dalhatu and chairman, Bulet International, Alhaji Ismail Isa during the reception at Sheraton Hotel and Towers. Father of the bride, Alhaji Ibrahim Ismail, former Transport Minister, Yusuf Suleiman, Unity Bank Plc Chairman,Alhaji Nu’uman Barau Danbatta, Senator Ahmed Sani Yarima and Kano state deputy governor, Dr. Abdullahi Umar Ganduje at the event.

L-R: AVM Hamza Abdullahi, Kano state Deputy governor, Dr. Abdullahi Umar Ganduje, Alhaji Musa Gwadabe and General Babangida at the venue of the reception.

Former Minister of Defence, Dr. Bello Halliru exchanging pleasantries with Alhaji Musa Gwadabe at the venue of the reception.

Officials of a construction firm, Dantata and Sawoe during the reception.

The groom, Suleiman Adamu Augie (middle) in company of friends during the reception of his wedding with Halima Ibrahim Ismail. Photos: Mahmud Isa

SSMPF demands Ozekhome’s quick release By Umar Muhammad Puma

The South-South Media Practitioners Forum (SSMPF), has appealed to the abductors of Chief Mike Ozekhome, and his driver, to release them unhurt to their families and friends due to his humanitarian services in the legal profession.

In a statement signed by its Director Public Affairs Ambrose Inusa Sule described Chief Ozekhome as a prominent son of South-South that has fought for the poor and has fought for the rich; defended the defenseless and has offered probono legal services to the disadvantaged in society.

The forum also commiserated with the Edo State Police Commissioner and families of the police officers killed as it asked the Federal Government to ensure Ozekhome was released to his family unhurt.“We commend the bravery exhibited by the police officers that lost their lives, as we

express our profound condolence to the families of the four policemen who fought to stop the abduction but lost their lives in the process. “We condemn the kidnap considering Ozekhome’s struggle for good governance, equality, justice and accountability in governance in the country.”

From Uche Nnorom, Makurdi

a briefing with newsmen at Government House, Makurdi dispelled fears of insecurity in the State, maintaining that security agencies are fully mobilized by government to protect the citizens. “Information in some sections of the media that the State is Insecured paints a wrong picture of the security situation in the State.

Everything is going on well even the incident in Ukum LGA has been brought under control. Benue remains peaceful land I urge the people to go about their normal businesses There is no need to panic”’, Lawani assured. He lauded the State Commissioner of Police, Adam Audu for the good job he is doing in ensuring security of the State.

Former Vice President Atiku Abubakar and Governor of Jigawa State, Alhaji Sule Lamido when the latter paid a courtesy visit on the former Vice President at his residence on Friday in Abuja.

Flood kills four in Kebbi


t least four people were reported killed while thousands were rendered homeless as a result of serious flooding that wreaked havoc in six local government areas of Kebbi State. Peoples Daily Weekend gathered that the six local government councils that include Augie, Bunza, Suru, Jega, Argungu and Kalgo were identified by the National Emergency, Management Agency (NEMA) to be amongst the 14 flood prone areas in the state. The torrential rainfall that usually lasted for several hours within the last two weeks has caused havoc to people leaving around the river banks which claimed three lives in Augie and one in Jega. Similarly, the release of excess water from Bokolori and Goronyo


crops were washed away by the flood. I’m appealing to government to come to our aid as it used to do whenever such incident occurred”. However, effort to secure comment from the Kebbi state Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) proved abortive as the officials were said to have gone to the disaster areas to assess the rate of damage.


From Ahmed Idris, Birnin Kebbi

By Mohammed Kandi

dams in Zamfara and Sokoto states by the Sokoto Rima Basin and Rural Development (SRRBDA) the custodian of the two dams, contributed greatly to the menace of flooding to the three states. A victim Malam Adamu of Lani village in Augie local government area narrated his ordeal “ I lost all I have to the flood, in fact even my


irst Civilian Governor of Kebbi State, Alhaji Abubakar Musa has called on Nigerians to unite and live in peaceful coexistence irrespective of religious and political affiliations, saying unity is the basis for development. According to him, with unity among Nigerians, the country would attain greatness. The former governor made the called shortly after he inaugurated Board of Trustees for Kebbi State indigenes Association, based in Kaduna State. “ Unity is what will give us peace in the state and country, unity is the tool for development. Unity is what will make us achieve our goals as human and kebbi state indigenes,” he added. Alhaji Musa further tasked youth in the country, particularly Kebbi youth to avoid drugs abuse and political thuggery as future leaders of the country. According to him, there is the need for parents to make sure there children stay away from drug abuses and political thuggery. “I am appealing to youth to desist from drug abuses because if youth engage themselves in taken drugs there would be problems. We as parent must endeavor to give our children good upbringing so that they become good leaders tomorrow,” he said. Alhaji Abubakar further charged Kebbi state elders to see that they pursuit all federal projects for their state. In his remarks, Kebbi State Indigenes Association in Kaduna, Engineer Abubakar Sadiq Dakin Gari said the group was formed five years ago with the aim of uniting and asisting kebbi indigenes residing in Kaduna state.

FG spends N17bn to IDP camps, says NEMA DG

irector-General, National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) Muhammad Sani-Sidi, yesterday said the Federal Government has so far expended over N17 billion in putting up rehabilitation camps and providing relief assistance to Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the three North-East states under the emergency rule. The DG, who made this known yesterday in Abuja, when he received Mrs Myriam Kung, country analyst for Nigeria and West Africa from the Swiss Federal Office for Migration, noted that such a huge amount was used to procure and deliver various relief items to affected states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa, for those residing in various rehabilitation camps. Sani-Sidi, who assured that normalcy had returned to the affected areas following declaration of the State of Emergency by President Goodluck Jonathan early this year, informed that the victims had been faring well at various rehabilitation camps across the states following NEMA’s timely intervention. Admitting that there are still IDPs in the areas, NEMA boss, said that “the camping of IDPs will be a continuous process to rehabilitate and offer the necessary support and assistance to the vulnerable people in these states.” He also commended the Governors of all the affected states, as well as the International donor agencies that have always provided myriad of assistance towards emergency situations in the country to alleviate the sufferings and adversities faced by victims of insurgency. Earlier in her remarks, Mrs Myriam Kung, said she was in the agency to obtain reliable information on how Nigeria’s NEMA was carrying out its emergency management operation, especially, in the regions that have been grinded by insurgency. Kung, who expressed satisfactions with the level of commitments by NEMA after watching videos of relief distribution at various rehabilitation camps by the agency, said her duty was to obtain, analyse and forward to appropriate authorities in Swiss to act accordingly.

Former gov counsels Nigerians on unity, peace From Mohammad Kaduna

News Page 13


Benue assures on security of citizens


enue State Deputy Governor Chief Steven Lawani has stressed the determination of government to ensure the security of lives and property irrespective of tribe, religious or political affiliations. Chief Lawani who gave the assurance yesterday during



Crime Cycle 08138559513 (SMS only)

22-year-old man arrested for attempting to rape 80-year-old blind woman


he Gombe State Command of the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC) has arrested 22-year-old Mohammed Inuwa of Herwagana quarters, Gombe for attempting to rape an 80-year-old blind woman, Malama Hannutu Baba. The State Corpse Commander, Mr. Joel Khestossen, confirmed midweek noting that the suspect was charged to Kasuwan Shanu Magistrates’ Court and later reminded in prison custody on the orders of the magistrate. According to him, the suspect gained entry into the blind woman’s house under the pretext of looking for one Kabiru Sani, a student of the Federal College of Education (Technical) Gombe.

Farmer arraigned for alleged cruelty to animals


he police have arraigned a 22year- old farmer, Elisha Peter, in a Kubwa Magistrates’ Court, Abuja, for cruelty to animals and theft. The police prosecutor, Cpl. Danjuma Mohammed, told the court that the case was reported at Kubwa Police Station on Aug. 14 by Mrs Franca Uwaifo of Kubwa Extension 3, Abuja. Mohammed said that on that day, the accused, who was an employee of Uwaifo’s poultry farm in Kubwa, cruelly strangled three chickens valued at N9,000 to death and attempted to take them out of the farm. He alleged that the accused also stole 70 eggs which he equally attempted to smuggle out of the farm, adding that the offences contravenes Sections 209 and 95 of the Penal Code. The accused pleaded guilty to killing the chickens but denied stealing the eggs. The prosecutor then applied for an adjournment to enable him assemble witnesses. The presiding magistrate, Mr. Samuel Edhiarhi, granted the accused bail in the sum of N50, 000 with one surety in like sum and adjourned the case to Sept. 2 for hearing. (NAN)

“When he entered the house, there was nobody, as everybody had gone to the mosque except the blind woman. “When she heard his footsteps, she asked who the person was and the suspect did not talk but quietly went and grabbed the woman; and he started struggling with her as he tried to force her to have sex with him. “Unfortunately for him, the woman’s grandson, Malam Mohammed Baba, returned from the mosque and discovered what was going on; then he raised an alarm which attracted people to the house,” Khestossen said adding that the suspect was overpowered and handed him over to NSCDC.

NSCDC Commandant-General, Dr. Olu Abolurin

…Police nab man for allegedly defiling 3-year-old girl


he Police in Niger state have arrested a 25-yearold man (names not given) for allegedly having canal knowledge of a 3-year-old girl, at Angwan Daji, Minna in Chanchaga Local Government Area. The suspect, who is a next door neighbour to the victim’s family in the area, lured the little girl into the premises of

Nuru Islam Primary School where he raped her. But ran out of luck when the little girl’s cry attracted passers-by to the scene and he caught in the act and handed over to the police. The Police Public Relations Officer (PRO), ASP Richard Oguche, confirmed the arrest, saying investigation into the case was almost completed. He said the police were

waiting for the medical report conducted on the victim; adding that the suspect would soon be charged to Court, as his confession to the crime was not substantial enough. Oguche described the suspect as a serial rapist, going by the information allegedly given to the police by some concerned residents of Angwan Daji in Minna. (NAN)

Court remands man over alleged robbery, murder


n Ikeja Magistrates’ Court on Tuesday remanded one Michael Terhumba, 28, at Ikoyi prison over alleged armed robbery and murder. The accused is standing trial on a three-count charge of conspiracy, armed robbery and murder. His accomplice, Mustapha Rabiu, 37, was also charged with receiving stolen property. The Magistrate, Mrs Abimbola Komolafe, ordered the remand pending legal advice from the Lagos State Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP). Komolafe granted Rabiu N1million bail with two sureties in

like sum after he pleaded not guilty to the charges of conspiracy and receiving a stolen item. The court did not take Terhumba’s plea. The prosecutor, ASP Ibekwe Nnamonu, told the court that the accused persons and others at large committed the offences on June 3, at 2a.m. at Odaliki Street, EbuteMeta, Lagos. Nnamonu said the accused robbed one Mrs Omowunmi Omotuwase of a Mack truck with registration number XX293FST valued N6 million at the Lagos State Waste Management Agency dump site. “Terhumba and his accomplice, with intent to rob, unlawfully killed

one George Aboagry, the driver of the truck.’’ The prosecutor said Rabiu received the stolen truck on the Lagos-Ibadan Expressway on June 3 at 9 a.m., with the knowledge that it was stolen. Nnamonu said that Terhumba’s offences contravened sections 295 (1) (2) (b) and 221 of the Criminal Law of Lagos State 2011. However, Rabiu’s offences, the prosecutor said, contravened Section 409 and 326 (1) (2) (a) (b) of the Criminal Law of Lagos State 2011. The magistrate adjourned the case to September 24 for mention. (NAN)

Married at 13, now 20, woman seeks divorce as husband demands N300, 000


ne Aisha Haruna , 20, of Uke in Nasarawa State, has filed for divorce from her husband, Hussaini Haruna, before a Grade 1 Area Court, in Mararaba, Nasarawa State. Aisha had on May 29 filed a suit seeking separation from her husband, Haruna, 27, of Gurku Village, of Nasarawa State, but was advised to first seek to resolve their issues amicably.

She told the court that she and her husband could not resolve the matter after the last adjourned date on Aug. 19. The husband, who spoke through his counsel, Nuru Mua’zu, demanded Islamic procedure of divorce. “This is an Islamic matter and there are procedures to follow before a wife is granted her wish for divorce. “One of the procedures is that the woman has to pay what is known as

‘Kuli’; which means, paying back some of the expenses the husband made in the course of marrying the wife. “Though I don’t have the document here, but the total expenses is around N300,000,” Mua’zu said. Mua’zu applied for adjournment to enable him bring the document containing the list of expenses. The presiding judge, Mr Musa Danjuma, granted the counsel’s

application and adjourned the case to Sept. 2 for continuation of hearing. The wife, who had earlier told the court that her parents gave her out in marriage at the age of 13 without her consent, is eight months pregnant for Haruna. The mother of one said that she stayed in the marriage for seven years, adding that she had lost interest in the marriage.

CRIME NUGGET 8 quick facts about kidnapping in Nigeria

1. It was started by the Niger Delta militants as a means to coercing government into improving the standard of living. It is currently an illegitimate business to make quick cash. 2. Victims of abduction may experience trauma years after release. 3. Cases of abduction as well as the ransom demands of perpetrators increase every year. 4. A high percentage of abduction cases are not reported. This is because families of the victims do not trust or involve the police. 5. Although current and accurate statistics are hard to find, basic research always reveals Nigeria is in any top 10 list of countries tourists or citizens are likely to be abducted. The security challenges encouraged the US Department of State to advise its citizens against making travel plans to Nigeria. The Department urged its citizens not to visit Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states due to the state of emergency declared on May 14, 2013. 6. The US Department of State goes further to urge their citizens to avoid states such as Kano, Edo, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Katsina, Kebbi, Niger, Sokoto, Rivers, Plateau, Abia, Akwa Ibom, Bauchi, Bayelsa and Delta due to the rise of kidnappings. 7. Kidnappings occur within 1/2 mile of the victim’s home or office. 8. Kidnappings happen with the aid of those close to the victim. Culled from www.

Prison evangelist urges inmates to acquire professional skills


London-based prison evangelist and founder of the Christian Given Ministry, Mr. Chinedu Ogbenna hasurgedsomeinmatesofOwerriPrisons to pursue a career while in the prison. Speaking during the ministry’s recent visit to the prison, Ogbenna, himself an ex-convict, said the only way the inmates could be more useful to themselves and the society after jail was to utilize the years in prison to acquire professional skills. He said such skills would aid them to integrate easily in the society after their stay in the prison. The evangelist said he became an information technology expert during the eight years he spent in a Swedish prison. He also advocated total renouncement of crime and other social evils to embrace Godly activities as another way to be integrated into the society after life in prison. Also, the evangelist called for prison decongestion, adding that a congested prison could cause an outbreak of diseases. According to him, inmates who sincerely repent from their evil ways may be favored in the next prison decongestion. (NAN)




Enjoy the beauty and luxury of paving stones

Udenna Orji writes on some of the designs, products and installation methods used in the realization of beautiful patios, walkways and other paving stones and interlocking tiles. Today’s patio paving stones offer the look of natural, traditional stone products, but with the added benefit of variable sizes, colors and ease of installation. With its graceful simplicity and weathered, dimpled surface, Cassova resembles the traditional Brussels paver. It can be configured into a variety of designs, including herringbone, basket-weave, running bond or stackedbond patterns. It also makes a great soldier course (a border to contain a gravel walk) or accent for other pavers. Today’s pavers come in all shapes and sizes making them ideally suitable for any landscape plan. While the square and rectangular stones are more popular, there are a variety of other designs to consider, from natural-looking flagstone to special deisgns and shapes including tulip, wave, and the hexagon-patterned layout shown here.

Coventry Brickstone pavers offer the classic look of traditional, age-worn brick. Available in a full range of colorations, among them Haddon Blend, shown here, the bricks can be configured in a variety of patterns from herringbone and basket weave to running- and stacked-bond installations.

Bristol pavers come in 6”x 9” and 6”x 6” sizes and can be combined or used singly to create distinctive walkways, patios and focal points. Their antique, tumbled appearance and soft colorations—toasted almond, shown here—make them perfect for any house style and hardscape plan. This Plaza Stone paver features an embossed surface with soft-curved edges to give it a somewhat worn look. It is available in a variety of colors in either standard or tumbled finishes. The installation shown combines three different sized pavers—6”x9”, 6”x3”, and 4”x6”—in the Oaks Blend coloration.

These aged-looking Cambridge pavers are designed to resemble the walkways and piazzas of the European Renaissance. Featuring ArmorTec for lasting beauty and color protection, each paver offers the look of naturally-aged stone making it particularly suited for historic house styles.

Udenna Orji can be reached at or 07055652553

News Extra



New York Police designates mosques as terrorism organisations

By Adam Goldman and Matt Apuzzo


he New York Police Department has secretly labelled entire mosques as terrorist organisations, a designation that allows police to use informants to record sermons and spy on imams, often without specific evidence of criminal wrongdoing. Designating an entire mosque as a terrorism enterprise means that anyone who attends prayer services there is a potential subject of an investigation and fair game for surveillance. Since the 9/11 attacks, the NYPD has opened at least a dozen “terrorism enterprise investigations” into mosques, according to interviews and confidential police documents. The TEI, as it is known, is a police tool intended to help investigate terrorist cells and the like. Many TEIs stretch for years, allowing surveillance to continue even though the NYPD has never criminally charged a mosque or Islamic organisation with operating as a terrorism enterprise. The documents show in detail how, in its hunt for terrorists, the NYPD investigated countless innocent New York Muslims and put information about them in secret police files. As a tactic, opening an enterprise investigation on a mosque is so potentially invasive that while the NYPD conducted at least a dozen, the FBI never did one, according to interviews with federal law enforcement officials. The strategy has allowed the NYPD to send undercover officers into mosques and attempt to plant informants on the boards of mosques and at least one prominent Arab-American group in Brooklyn, whose executive director has worked with city officials, including Bill de Blasio, a front-runner for mayor. De Blasio said Wednesday on Twitter that he was “deeply troubled NYPD has labelled entire mosques & Muslim orgs terror groups with seemingly no leads. Security AND liberty make us strong.” The revelations about the NYPD’s massive spying operations are in documents recently obtained by The Associated Press and part of a new book, “Enemies Within: Inside the NYPD’s Secret Spying Unit and bin Laden’s Final Plot Against America.” The book by AP reporters Matt Apuzzo and Adam Goldman is based on hundreds of previously unpublished police files and interviews with current and former NYPD, CIA and FBI officials. The disclosures come as the NYPD is fighting off lawsuits accusing it of engaging in racial profiling while combating crime. Earlier this month, a judge ruled that the department’s use of the stop-and-frisk tactic was unconstitutional. The American Civil Liberties Union and two other groups have sued, saying the Muslim spying programs are unconstitutional and make Muslims afraid to practice their faith without police scrutiny. Both Mayor Mike Bloomberg and Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly have denied those accusations. Speaking Wednesday on MSNBC’s Morning Joe, Kelly reminded people that his intelligence-gathering programs began in the wake of 9/11. “We follow leads wherever they take us,” Kelly said. “We’re not intimidated as to wherever that lead takes us. And we’re doing that to protect the people of New York City.” The NYPD did not limit its op-

erations to collecting information on those who attended the mosques or led prayers. The department sought also to put people on the boards of New York’s Islamic institutions to fill intelligence gaps. One confidential NYPD document shows police wanted to put informants in leadership positions at mosques and other organisations, including the Arab American Association of New York in Brooklyn, a secular social-service organisation. Linda Sarsour, the executive director, said her group helps new immigrants adjust to life in the US. It was not clear whether the department was successful in its plans. he document, which appears to have been created around 2009, was prepared for Kelly and distributed to the NYPD’s debriefing unit, which helped identify possible informants. Around that time, Kelly was handing out medals to the Arab American Association’s soccer team, Brooklyn United, smiling and congratulating its players for winning the NYPD’s soccer league. Sarsour, a Muslim who has met with Kelly many times, said she felt betrayed. “It creates mistrust in our organizations,” said Sarsour, who was born and raised in Brooklyn. “It makes one wonder and question who is sitting on the boards of the institutions where we work and pray.” Before the NYPD could target mosques as terrorist groups, it had to persuade a federal judge to rewrite rules governing how police can monitor speech protected by the First Amendment. The rules stemmed from a 1971 lawsuit, dubbed the Handschu case after lead plaintiff Barbara Handschu, over how the NYPD spied on protesters and liberals during the Vietnam War era. David Cohen, a former CIA executive who became NYPD’s deputy commissioner for intelligence in 2002, said the old rules didn’t apply to fighting against terrorism. Cohen told the judge that mosques could be used “to shield the work of terrorists from law enforcement scrutiny by taking advantage


of restrictions on the investigation of First Amendment activity.” NYPD lawyers proposed a new tactic, the TEI, that allowed officers to monitor political or religious speech whenever the “facts or circumstances reasonably indicate” that groups of two or more people were involved in plotting terrorism or other violent crime. The judge rewrote the Handschu rules in 2003. In the first eight months under the new rules, the NYPD’s Intelligence Division opened at least 15 secret terrorism enterprise investigations, documents show. At least 10 targeted mosques. Doing so allowed police, in effect, to treat anyone who attends prayer services as a potential suspect. Sermons, ordinarily protected by the First Amendment, could be monitored and recorded. Among the mosques targeted as early as 2003 was the Islamic Society of Bay Ridge. “I have never felt free in the United States. The documents tell me I am right,” Zein Rimawi, one of the Bay Ridge mosque’s leaders, said after reviewing an NYPD document describing his mosque as a terrorist enterprise. Rimawi, 59, came to the U.S. decades ago from the Israeli-occupied West Bank. “Ray Kelly, shame on him,” he said. “I am American.” t was not immediately clear whether the NYPD targeted mosques outside of New York City specifically using TEIs. The AP had previously reported that Masjid Omar in Paterson, N.J., was identified as a target for surveillance in a 2006 NYPD report. The NYPD believed the tactics were necessary to keep the city safe, a view that sometimes put it at odds with the FBI. In August 2003, Cohen asked the FBI to install eavesdropping equipment inside a mosque called Masjid al-Farooq, including its prayer room. Al-Farooq had a long history of radical ties. Omar Abdel Rahman, the blind Egyptian sheik who was convicted of plotting to blow up New York City landmarks, once preached briefly at Al-Farooq. Invited preachers raged against Israel, the United States


and the Bush administration’s war on terror. One of Cohen’s informants said an imam from another mosque had delivered $30,000 to an al-Farooq leader, and the NYPD suspected the money was for terrorism. But Amy Jo Lyons, the FBI assistant special agent in charge for counterterrorism, refused to bug the mosque. She said the federal law wouldn’t permit it. The NYPD made other arrangements. Cohen’s informants began to carry recording devices into mosques under investigation. They hid microphones in wristwatches and the electronic key fobs used to unlock car doors. ven under a TEI, a prosecutor and a judge would have to approve bugging a mosque. But the informant taping was legal because New York law allows any party to record a conversation, even without consent from the others. Like the Islamic Society of Bay Ridge, the NYPD never demonstrated in court that alFarooq was a terrorist enterprise but that didn’t stop the police from spying on the mosques for years. And under the new Handschu guidelines, no one outside the NYPD could question the secret practice. Martin Stolar, one of the lawyers in the Handschu case, said it’s clear the NYPD used enterprise investigations to justify open-ended surveillance. The NYPD should only tape conversations about building bombs or plotting attacks, he said. “Every Muslim is a potential terrorist? It is completely unacceptable,” he said. “It really tarnishes all of us and tarnishes our system of values.” Al-Ansar Center, a windowless Sunni mosque, opened in Brooklyn several years ago, attracting young Arabs and South Asians. NYPD officers feared the mosque was a breeding ground for terrorists, so informants kept tabs on it. One NYPD report noted that members were fixing up the basement, turning it into a gym. “They also want to start Jiujitsu classes,” it said. The NYPD was particularly alarmed about Mohammad Elshinawy, 26, an Islamic teacher at several New York mosques, including


Al-Ansar. Elshinawy was a Salafist - a follower of a puritanical Islamic movement - whose father was an unindicted co-conspirator in the 1993 World Trade Center attacks, according to NYPD documents. he FBI also investigated whether Elshinawy recruited people to wage violent jihad overseas. But the two agencies investigated him very differently. The FBI closed the case after many months without any charges. Federal investigators never infiltrated Al-Ansar. “Nobody had any information the mosque was engaged in terrorism activities,” a former federal law enforcement official recalled, speaking on condition of anonymity because he wasn’t authorised to discuss the investigation. The NYPD wasn’t convinced. A 2008 surveillance document described Elshinawy as “a young spiritual leader (who) lectures and gives speeches at dozens of venues” and noted, “He has orchestrated camping trips and paintball trips.” The NYPD deemed him a threat in part because “he is so highly regarded by so many young and impressionable individuals.” No part of Elshinawy’s life was out of bounds. His mosque was the target of a TEI. The NYPD conducted surveillance at his wedding. An informant recorded the wedding, and police videotaped everyone who came and went. “We have nothing on the lucky bride at this time but hopefully will learn about her at the service,” one lieutenant wrote. Four years later, the NYPD was still watching Elshinawy without charging him. He is now a plaintiff in the ACLU lawsuit, which was also filed by the Creating Law Enforcement Accountability & Responsibility project at CUNY School of Law and the New York Civil Liberties Union. “These new NYPD spying disclosures confirm the experiences and worst fears of New York’s Muslims,” ACLU lawyer Hina Shamsi said. “From houses of worship to a wedding, there’s no area of New York Muslim religious or personal life that the NYPD has not invaded through its bias-based surveillance policy.” AP



Page 17


Ogun: As Gbenga Daniel dumps PDP for LP Adesoji Oyinlola, Lagos


onfusion hangs in the air for members of the Ogun State chapter of the Peoples Democratic Party ( PDP), as the immediate past governor of the state and one of the arrowheads of the party has concluded arrangements to dump the party for the rival Labour Party (LP). Daniel’s planned defection is seen by concerned party members as a major blow that is capable of further plummeting the embattled party into oblivion in the state. This could be also taking into consideration that the party, which ruled Ogun State for eight years, has become a shadow of its past, struggling to remain relevant in the scheme of party politics. The party lost the last governorship election to the rival Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) as a result of the intractable crises that led loyalists of Daniel to dump the party for the Peoples Party of Nigeria (PPN). Apart from the governorship election that the PDP lost to the ACN, the majority of the party candidates also did not fare any better in other elections as they were trounced both by the ACN and PPN and, thus forced out of the office. Members of the party openly rued their loss at the poll after it had ruled the state for about eight years. Afraid that a similar thing may repeat itself, the members are determined to right the wrongs in future elections. But the aspiration to wrest power from the grip of the ACN and PPN may be a mirage because of the continuous dip in the party’s fortunes due to sustained wrangling within its rank and file. That situation is further worsened by the lingering rumour that Daniel intends to pull away from the party and considering his influence and his huge supporters’ base, it could be a serious blow to the PDP. Understandably, members now entertain fears over the likely fate of the party, should Daniel finally pull out with his teaming supporters, some of who presently occupy elected positions. The Ogun state chapter of the PDP prior to when Daniel came on board as its governorship candidate was in political obscurity. Back in 1999, the PDP was so unpopular in Ogun state that it lost both the governorship and presidential elections to the rival Alliance for Democracy ( AD), despite the fact that its presidential candidate, Olusegun Obasanjo, hails from the state. Daniel, who was fraternizing with the Afenifere (Yoruba socialpolitical group) led AD prior to his joining the PDP brought vibrancy

able project, this empowerment is important and am willing to assist to help in the execution of the programme,” Mrs. Daniel said. The former Ogun State first lady said she is optimistic that the Labour Party will take over power from the ruling Action Congress of Nigeria, ACN, in the next political dispensation. “I pray to God that come 2015, Labour Party would be at Governor’s Office, Oke-Mosan, Abeokuta. Our boss OGD is going to fully support Labour Party,” she said at the event. Further signs that Daniel is serious about his defection plan also came from one of his close aides and member of the House of Representatives. aniel recently met with leaders of the LP. The meeting, which was held at the national headquarters of LP in Garki area of the federal capital city, was said to have centred on the modalities that would be used to accommodate Daniel and his supporters in the party. The former governor, who was accompanied to the meeting by some of his aides, was received at the party’s secretariat by the LP chairman Dan Nwanyanwu, who confirmed the meeting when contacted, but declined to give details of what transpired. A source at the meeting with Nwanyanwu disclosed that Daniel did not mince words in his demand that the party cedes its governorship ticket to him and his supporters since he would be moving in with his structures in PDP and PPN. To make this possible, the former governor, who was said to have initiated the meeting, also demanded that the present state executive committee of the party be dissolved by LP’s national leadership so that his own supporters can find a strong footing. “The former governor did not mince words in his demands and the chairman was obviously not comfortable having those two major requests as pre-conditions to join the party”, the source added. It was reliably gathered that he would finally dump PDP for LP next month during “a mother of all rallies in Ijebu-Ode’’ While also confirming the meeting, Daniel’s former Commissioner for Information, Mr. Sina Kawonise said: “His Excellency, Otunba Gbenga Daniel indeed visited the National Chairman of the Labour Party, Mr. Dan Iwunayanwu in Abuja. “It was a reciprocal visit to a long time friend and associates. In this period when our leaders are looking for consensus around crucial national and local issues, meeting between such political leaders is routine.”


Chief Olusegun Obasanjo to the fold, so much that the incumbent governor then, Aremo Olusegun Osoba began to look over his own shoulders. aniel’s coming into the PDP was like an adventure, as it changed the political calculations in the state, bringing the party to the limelight and forced the hitherto combative and strong opposition parties to the political backwaters. The party enjoyed so much influence that one could be forgiven if he reasons that Ogun state was one party state. However, this position has since been sacrificed to the altar of crises prior to the 2011 general elections. The incumbent governor, Senator Ibikunle Amosun, who dumped the crises-ridden PDP for the then ACN became the major beneficiary of the wrangling within the party. He cashed in on the festering crises, dumped the PDP for the ACN and emerged as governor of the state. Amosun, a former chieftain of the defunct ANPP has been consolidated his grip on the state political machinery through the various programmes since he assumed the mantle of leadership as governor. The people seem to be fascinated by Amosun’s programmes which have attested to his competence. It also means that it would take more than ordinary fight from the oppositions


Otunba Gbenga Daniel to dislodge him from the Oke-Imosan government house. Signs that Daniel was planning to dump the PDP started to manifest after a faction of the party suspended him. He directed his loyalists both in the PDP and PPN to move to the Labour Party. His intention was confirmed when his wife, Yeye Funke Daniel at a public function openly declared for the LP. Her shocking declaration came just as the national secretariat of PDP was said to be considering reviewing her husband’s suspension. Daniel’s wife, who was a special guest at the N100 million fund raising ceremony of the Women Forum of Labour Party in the state, pledged to support the Labour Party in the 2015 polls.

The former governor’s wife was represented by Daniel’s former aide and General Manager of Gateway Hotels, Abeokuta, Ronke Ogunremi. The ceremony also had in attendance Mr. Daniel’s supporters and aides. Notable among Daniel’s aides at the ceremony was Gboyega Isiaka, a former governorship candidate in 2011 election under the platform of Peoples Party of Nigeria, PPN. Mr. Isiaka was sponsored in the 2011 elections by Daniel. n her speech at the occasion, Mrs. Daniel pledged to support the Labour Party in the 2015 polls. “It gives me great pleasure to be here today at this epoch making event. I want to say a big thank you for this invitation. It is a laud-


Daniel did not mince words in his demand that the party cedes its governorship ticket to him and his supporters since he would be moving in with his structures in PDP and PPN.

Page 18



Shekarau and fate of APC in Kano

From Edwin Olofu, Kano


t has become a tradition for former Kano state governor, Ibrahim Shekarau who chooses his annual leave every year during the holy month of Ramadan to perform the lesser Hajj Umra in Saudia Arabia. Since he left office in 2011, every year after performing the lesser Hajj his supporters always troop to the Malam Aminu Kano international Airport (MAKIA), to welcome him back from the holy land. However, this year’s home coming for Shekarau was unique after the All Progressive Congress (APC), was successfully registered by the Independent Electoral Commission (INEC). Thus, apart from the traditional crowd that are mainly of the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP), the mammoth crowd that received the ANPP Presidential candidate in the 2011 election also included members of the APC. The warm reception of Shekarau kicked started a new era of the state politics and the unofficial launching of the APC in Kano state. Peoples Daily Weekend gathered that, a reception committee for Shekarau by the parties that merged ANPP, CPC and the ACN was headed by Alhaji Ammani Inuwa. As a result some chieftains of APC buried their hatchets to come together for a new beginning. Leaders of the CPC like Senator Rufai Sani Hanga, Alhaji Ahmadu Danzgo and Honourable Kawu Idris Sumaila, who is eyeing the state governorship seat in 2015 under the APC, and Senator Isa Zarewa were among the dignitaries that received Shekarau. Shekarau, who came by road from Abuja, arrived Makarfi toll gate by 11.30am and was first received by some supporters of the party, while another crowd positioned themselves at the Kano toll gate in Chiromawa to receive Shekarau on his arrival. The entourage of the erstwhile

Kano state governor drove at a snail speed from Chiromawa to Kano state because of the large crowd that turnout to welcome him, thereby forcing commuters plying the federal highway to delay their journey for several hours. Interestingly, in the middle of the mammoth crowd Shekarau drove in a Ford Jeep waving broom which is one of the major symbols of the newly registered APC, to the admiration of supporters that are yearning for a new era. The reception turned rally didn’t witness any formal speech by either Shekarau or any of the party’s chieftains, apparently because of the surging crowd that started the journey from Makarfi toll gate. However, the event terminated at Shekarau’s residence in Mundubawa quarters Bompai Kano at about following which people gradually began to despatch. Malam Sule Yau Sule, the spokesperson of Shekarau who was in the entourage, said they were overwhelmed by the crowd that turned out to receive them after they come back from the lesser Hajj which shows that the people of Kano have whole heartedly receive the new party APC. “We were surprised with the kind of reception that the people showed us. This goes to tell you that the three parties are living harmoniously. You will now agree with me that Kano is a home of APC, there is no doubt about it, couple with fact the people of kano are disenchanted with the present government.” When asked if the reception was organized to garner support for Shekarau who is believed to be eyeing the Presidency in 201, Sule said there is no ulterior motive to the reception. “I want to confirm to you that there is no underground motive, people are just tired with this government. They are simply yearning for change and by the grace of God they will have it. We are fully prepared. We have learnt our lessons and we will

Gen. Muhammadu Buhari make amend that I can assure them.” Sule said. Against the backdrop of theisshow of love for Shekarau, political observers are of the view that it is going to be an uphill task for the newly registered APC to upstage the ruling Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in the state. Many believe that one of the challenges the APC is going to face is the array of contestants that are in its fold. Some of the politicians that don’t see eye to eye have been compelled to come together under the merger. According to them, these strange bedfellows may mot really bury their hatchets and could constitute a problem. Another obstacle on the path of the APC is the widely held view in the state that the incumbent governor Kwankwaso has done a lot in transforming the state in the last two years. With many infrastructural projects which may be

Mal. Ibrahim Shekarau completed before the election in 2015, to upstage the PDP will be a herculean task for the APC. Peoples Daily Weekend learnt that in the camp of Shekarau already bickering has started among those eyeing the governorship seat of the kano state in 2015, the likes of Shekarau’s anointed candidate in 2011, Malam Salihu Sagir Takai, who was trounced by the incumbent governor Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso is among those eyeing the gubernatorial seat. Shekarau is still believed to stand by Takai who didn’t enjoy support of some bigwigs of the ANPP when he contested the last election in 2011. Another strong contender is the member of the House of Representative; Honourable Kawu Idris Sumaila who has openly declared his ambition to contest the seat and may not likely succumb to pressure to shelve his ambition. Serving Senator Kabiru Gaya

I want to confirm to you that there is no underground motive, people are just tired with this government. They are simply yearning for change and by the grace of God they will have it.

is equally eyeing the seat, while former member of the House of Representatives, Alhaji Barau Jibrin is seriously working assiduously to govern the state in 2015 after he lost the Senatorial election in 2011. A popular and influential Islamic cleric Malam Ibrahim Khalil among many others from the ANPP side is vying for the hot seat that promises to be interesting. The story is the same in the CPC where the eldest son of late Sani Abacha, Mohammed Abacha is warming up to give it a trial again, General Lawan Jafaru Isa, Senator Rufal Sani Hanga among others are eyeing the seat. These numbers of persons vying for the governorship position may work against the APC just like it did against the CPC in the 2011, which could have won the election because of the influence of its Presidential candidate General Muhammadu Buhari but instead fumbled as it finished third behind the ANPP in the election. Peoples Daily Weekend gathered reliably that in its effort to secure Kano, Shekarau has reconciled with Buhari and has dropped his Presidential ambition for the Daura-born General. The peace and the agreement meeting was arranged by former Minister of Agriculture, Alhaji Sani Zangon Daura, at the Kaduna residence of Buhari and a deal was reached that Shekarau should drop his ambition and he was said to have agreed to that.


Page 19


Life in Barrack Mammy Market

By Chijioke Okoronkwo


he name Abacha Barracks rings a bell in the ears of residents and visitors to the FCT and its environs. This is not because it is a military garrison, but more to its thriving mammy market. Mammy market, coined from mini-market, is a Nigerian parlance for a cluster of relaxation spots in military and paramilitary formations which peak mostly in the evening and night periods. Mammy market readily provides assorted foods, drinks and other services peculiar with places inhabited by military or paramilitary personnel. Situated in the Asokoro District of the FCT, the mammy market at Abacha Barracks is a quintessential destination for fun seekers and those in search of good food, pepper soup, fish and meat barbecue and other forms of delicacies. The market suffered a lull following a devastating bomb explosion on Dec. 31, 2010 at which 30 persons were killed and several others injured. It, however, came back in full operation with improved security arrangement. Fish barbecue is the focus of business in the market as people troop from far and near every evening to have a feel of the tastefully garnished fish. The fish sellers who outnumber any other group of traders in the markets are concentrated in circularly built bars, with each seller occupying a spot where assorted fish species are roasted and sold. Of course, there are beer parlours adjourning the fish spots, ready to host those ``who sip’’ while savouring their fish. Besides, there are many other stalls where fun seekers and visitors could also assess garments, provisions, phar-

maceutical products, and artisans ranging from fashion designers, beauty saloons, cobblers, among others to make purchases or obtain various services. Expectedly, traders in the market admitted that patronage is always very high. A fish seller, Mrs Ruth Bawa, said that fast turnover engendered by high patronage sustained the business and guaranteed reasonable profit margins. ``A lot of people prefer our fishes because we are masters in the area of fish barbecue. ``Once it is 3.00 p.m., we start getting busy, and as people round off their day’s activities from 4.00 p.m., we get busier until we wind down at 9.00 p.m. ``The people, who come here, are from all walks of life, including soldiers, civil servants, businessmen, and even foreign tourists. More so, our fishes are affordable; one can get a sizable fish at N1,000 and some very big ones at N2,000 or N2,500.’’ A beer parlour operator, who pleaded anonymity, said that the Abacha Barracks mammy market is rated very high across the country. According to him, many visitors to Abuja insist on visiting the market to confirm what they already heard about it. He noted that the market stands out from other mammy markets because of the quality and price of its fish grills. ``To me, Mogadishu Mammy Market (Abacha Barracks) is the best; you can go online and check it. If you look around, you will see lots of foreigners here; they have come to taste and see things for themselves. ``If you visit the FCT satellite towns or any other place where fish delicacies are prepared, the prices there are higher. For instance, a piece of fish that sells at N2,000 or N3,000 out there, sells for N1,000 here. Besides, the taste

here is different. ``Everything one needs is here: from services to products all at very cheap prices, it is really a place to come and cool off.’’ He, however, appealed to the military authorities in charge of the Barracks to reverse the closing time of the market to 10.00 p.m. instead of 9.00 p.m. ``We used to close at 10.00 p.m. before the bomb blast.’’ He said that the shop owners pay N3,000 monthly and N50,000 annually, adding that they recover their investments within three months because of high patronage of goods and services in the market. He said that the fish sellers operated separately from beer parlour operators, adding that people could buy fish from any spot and sit at any of the beer parlours to ``wash it down’’ with a beer or any other drink. A fun seeker, Mr Akpaji Ogbeche, said the uniqueness of the fish grills in the market endeared him to the market. Ogbeche said the atmosphere at the market is one of oneness as nobody was discriminated against because of race or class.

``There is something different here; I live around Karu and they roast fish there, but the taste here is different. Secondly, this is a place where you come and relax and mix with all caliber of persons; no class segregation as you can see, and no VIP reserved places. ``There are even foreigners here and all of us are mingling happily here. I am interacting and learning from people I meet here and they also learn from me; we are happy whenever we are here.’’ Nonetheless, stakeholders say there is need to provide sufficient parking spaces for customers’ vehicles. Mr John Ime, a regular visitor to the market says the car park gets congested most times and people hardly find space to park. He opined that if the car park was paved or tarred and marked properly, it would accommodate more cars comfortably. ``They have got a massive parking space here, but it should be better organised and managed. The space should be tarred and marked in a way that every car fits into one space; that will allow for more cars to be parked conveniently. I think the money they collect at the entrance should be chan-

The people, who come here, are from all walks of life, including soldiers, civil servants, businessmen, and even foreign tourists. More so, our fishes are affordable; one can get a sizable fish at N1,000 and some very big ones at N2,000 or N2,500.

nelled towards that.’’ Nonetheless, a military source said that the parking space was not originally designated to be a car park, but was opened for cars in the interim since a lot of cars were previously parked at the roadside. He said that the money generated from the park was used for paying allowances of the soldiers that guard the park. ``That place was not meant to be a car park; it was meant for structures but since construction has not commenced, we decided to open it up for parking. So, the issue of paving or tarring should not arise. ``Prior to that, a lot of cars that come here were parked by the roadside; the N50 per car payment at the entrance of the park is meant for the allowances of the guards because they perform extra duties.’’ Besides, visitors at the market worry about the intensity and ceaseless manner of smoke from the fish grills that cause serious discomfort to them. They opined that if the grills were a little spaced away from the area where visitors sit, the discomfort would not be much. According to them, the smoke could be channel through chimneys in order to reduce its health hazard on people. Although the market is open to all persons, it should also be noted that mammy markets are meant for the relaxation of military personnel, hence visitors should be conscious that they are within a regimented environment. While they commend the military authorities for stepping up security in the market, they say there is need to enhance the hygienic condition of the place to attract greater patronage. (NANFeatures)



H o me s Tall Tales: Traditional two-story great rooms Y

ou can possibly make a great room grand with windows, balconies, art and dramatic ceilings all combined in one. In the recent past, one of the latest home building trends has been the inclusion of the two-story great room. Traditionally found in older homes, a great room is positioned in the center of the home and generally serves several functions. It is commonly open to other parts of the house including the kitchen and hallways on the upper level. A space that is as wide as it is tall can be intimidating from a decorating standpoint. For those unfamiliar on how to tackle such a task, this piece provides examples of great rooms along with ideas and advice on how to turn such a large canvas into a gorgeous and enviable masterpiece. Drapery alternatives: When choosing window coverings for windows with substantial moulding, consider an inside mounted treatment. These roman shades provide the privacy the homeowner desires while still allowing one to enjoy the trim. Arched windows: It would be virtually criminal to cover these arched wood clad windows. The richness of the wood grain preserves the home’s timeless appeal. Window dressing: Dressing the lower half of the window places more emphasis on the room’s furnishings and intimacy of the space. Explore the 5th wall: Paint ceilings a darker colour to create a more intimate set-

Grand chandelier

ting in a large room. Coffered panels painted espresso brown visually lowers the ceilings and simultaneously becomes a secondary focal point. Custom furnishings: As they say, “go big at home” — or is that “go big, or go home?” Either way, large rooms are designed to accommodate oversized furniture. To get this look commission a custom furniture company to match the quality of your furniture to the quality of your custom-built home. Grand chandelier: Take your great room to new heights with ceiling with trim and a cathedral-size chandelier. In lieu of drapery, the homeowner may opt for mechanical shades for a streamlined look as well as light control. Interior balconies: Modern Romanticism perfectly describes the style of this great room. Open to the foyer, the 360 degree views from the second floor with the help of these classic twin Juliette balconies is exactly quite lovely. Fully functional, these beauties trump any faux exterior balconies seen on building facades. Expansive windows: Mother Nature showcases her colours against steel framed windows in this minimalistic, monochromatic great room. Dramatic materials: Behold the luxurious interpretation of an island hut. The three ceiling fans virtually disappear against a hand-crafted grid of mahogany beams accented by sea grass.

Dramatic materials

Interior balconies

Explore the 5th wall





I will go back to school when I’ve made enough money —Genevieve Nnaji >>P37 Alarming rate of failed marriage among Nollywood stars >>P31

I can’t act x-rated film —BBA’s Beverly Osu >>P37

‘I should never have married Frank Edoho’ >>P34



Fashion Extra The many evolving trends in bou bou T

he grand boubou/bubu is one of the names for a flowing wide sleeved robe worn by men in much of West Africa, and to a lesser extent in North Africa, related to the Dashiki suit. It is known by various names, depending on the ethnic group wearing them: agbada (Yoruba, Dagomba), babban riga (Hausa), k’sa or gandora (Tuareg) darra’a Maghrebi Arabic, grand boubou (in various Francophone West African countries) and the English term of gown. The Senegalese boubou, a variation on the grand boubou described below, is also known as the Senegalese kaftan. The female version worn in some communities is also known as a m’boubou or kaftan. Its origin lies with the clothing worn by the Islamized Tukulor, Mandé and Songhai peoples of the historic 8th Century Takrur and Ghana Empires, and 13th Century Mali and Songhai Empires. The use of the grand boubou as clothing became widespread throughout the West African region with the migration of semi-nomadic groups such as the Fulani, and traders such as the Dyula and Hausa. Comparing the grand boubou to the various styles of Arabic Thawb suggests the Grand boubou follows an archaic template to the contemporary male clothing of the Middle East and North Africa. The grand boubou is usually decorated with intricate embroidery, and is worn on special religious or ceremonial occasions, for example the two Islamic Eid festivals, weddings, funerals or for attending the Mosque for Friday prayer. It has become the formal attire of many countries in West Africa. Older robes have become family heirlooms passed on from father to son and are worn as status symbols. The Boubou has female versions in Mali, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea and many other West African countries. There is also the alternative female formal version of the boubou called the wrapper. The grand boubou as a full formal attire consists of 3 pieces of clothing: a pair of tie-up trousers that narrow towards the ankles (known as a sokoto pronounced “shokoto” in Yoruba) and

a long-sleeved shirt (known as a Dashiki in Yoruba) and a wide, open-stitched sleeveless gown worn over these. They are generally of the same colour, and historically were made from silk, but increased understanding of Islamic restrictions on clothing meant the grand boubou is now mostly made from cotton and synthetic cloths made to resemble silk. There is a set etiquette to wearing the grand boubou, primarily in place to keep the over-gown above the ankles at any one time, in keeping with Islamic traditions of avoiding impurity (see Najis). This can include folding the open sleeves of the boubou over one’s shoulders, normally done while walking or before sitting down, to ensure the over-gown does not rub against the ground, or by folding/wrapping each side over the other with the hand, narrowing the gowns space toward the ankles (as done by the Tuareg). Thus, it is rare to see the grand boubou’s square shaped gown completely unwrapped. The grand boubou’s use was historically limited to various Islamized Sahelian and Saharan peoples of West Africa, but through increased trade and the spread of Islam throughout the region, had historically gained use among Islamized peoples in the savanna and forested regions of West Africa. Through this, the grand boubou was historically worn by Chiefs of the Yoruba of Nigeria, Dagomba of Ghana, the Mandinka of the Gambia, the Susu of Guinea and the Temnes of Sierra Leone. Even today, the grand boubou is mostly worn by Muslims, although it is gaining popularity as a fashionable form of attire by Christians in West Africa, the African diaspora, and very recently, even among Bantu people in East, Southern and Central Africa. Although usually a form of men’s clothing, women’s traditional clothing in much of Sahelian West Africa is of similar construction, though usually worn differently. The boubou has female versions in Mali, Senegal, Gambia, and Guinea. In some places these are called the m’boubou. In other regions of West Africa, the female formal clothing has been a boubou variant, called a kaftan, and in other places it is the wrapper and headscarf.


By Miriam Humbe


r Ladi Hamalai became the Director- General of the National Institute for Legislative Studies (NILS) in April 2012, following the approval of her appointment by the President of the Senate and Chairman of the National Assembly, Senator David Mark. The institute she was appointed to head was established with the aim of ensuring the attainment and provision of quality academic and professional research, policy analysis, training, documentation and advocacy on democratic governance and legislative practice and procedures. The announcement of Dr. Ladi Hamalai’s appointment as Director General of the National Institute for Legislative Studies in April 2012 obviously threw many observers off-balance, especially those who may have, albeit wrongly, underscored her capabilities. However, to prove this group of people wrong, she buried her head in her work, in order to ensure positive progress to the growth and development of the National Assembly as the second arm of government through collaborated efforts of the stakeholders, as well as making the organ functional as one of the strongest that will impart positively on Nigeria and the West African sub-region. Today, the results are evident. Upon assumption, Dr. Hamalai who readily hit the ground running promised to ensure optimum performance of the legislature in order to meet the growing need of the nation’s democracy. She explained that the NILS needed to bequeath confidence to the citizens in order to restore democratic confidence to the people in more efficient and effective ways. She made good her promise and swung into action immediately. She organized seminars with the relevant bodies and a retreat held with staff and management of NILS in addition to a weeklong orientation programme which held in May 2012 with a view to throwing more light on the vision and mission of the institute as well as its core values. She organized an international conference on Law Reform and law making process in collaboration

with National Judicial Institute, the Nigerian Law Reform Commission and the International Law Institute between 16 and 17 July 2012, at the Transcorp Hotel, Abuja.The conference sought to examine the challenges of law making in democratic societies with the aim of broadening the knowledge and skills which members of the legislature require in order to respond creatively and effectively to the challenges of law making. The Roundtable Conferences on Party Politics in Nigeria and Lobbying, the Lobbyist and the Legislature which she held between 13 and 14 November 2012, afforded national leaders, political party chieftains civil society organisations, government functionaries and legislators the opportunity of learning valuable lessons about party politics, electoral reform challenges, party financing, legislative practice and lobbying by interacting and sharing experience with the experts and practitioners. Under her leadership, in order to move from the temporary site which the institute currently occupies, the ground breaking ceremony of the world-class permanent site of the Institute was done on Monday, July 15, 2013 by Senate President David Mark, and Speaker of the House of Representatives, Aminu Waziri Tambuwal. Also, in accordance with its mandate to among other things, act as a centre for continuing education on democracy and legislation, and the improvement of the capacity of legislators and legislative staff in legislative practice and procedure, she ensured the institute signed a Memorandum of Understanding, MoU, with the University of Benin to run Post Graduate Diploma and Master’s Degree programmes on the following courses; Legislative Studies, Legislative Drafting and Parliamentary Administration. Another confab, Africa Legislative Summit, slated for 11 to 13 November 2013, being organised by NILS in collaboration with European Parliamentarians with Africa [AWEPA] and Canadian Parliamentary Centre will be providing an international forum for in-depth discussions on crucial issues relating to the current


Dr. Ladi Hamalai state and future development of parliaments in Africa as well as the regional and national economies. One such precedence she has successfully set within this short time frame was laying a solid foundation among the staffs and management of NILS and also continuously providing a platform for capacity building to ensure the effective performance of the legislators and their aides. These she did through detailed and comprehensive training, research, provision of committee support services and documentation services. Going by her credentials, Dr. Hamalai, is obviously well prepared for the job she is doing. An Associate Professor and the pioneer Project Coordinator of the Policy Analysis and Research Project (PARP) at the National Assembly, she holds a doctorate degree in development from the University of Sussex, Brighton, UK. She was also a former director, planning, coordination and monitoring at the Small and Medium Enterprises Agency of Nigeria (SMEDAN) as well as a member of the Vision 2020 committee. Dr. Hamalai is laden with administrative and coordinated project research experience spanning over a decade. She has been impacting this knowledge positively on the legislative arm of government in building a true democratic institution coupled with the courage, determination, hard work and perseverance she has continued to employ in steering the affairs of the NILS within this period. She also successfully hosted the Emerging Democracies in Africa, Opportunities and

Challenges Summit, in June 2013 which was organized by NILS with National Assembly officials and lawmakers in collaboration with Canadian Parliamentary Centre and Association of European Parliamentarians. The idea was to brainstorm on critical issues that affect the growth and development of African legislature and the way forward that will enhance our democratic institutions. A Memorandum of Understanding was signed with the Institute at the end of the conference. While still working assiduously, Dr. Hamalai also brought together all Members of Parliament and former Heads of State from across Africa along with members of civil societies, the academia and youth groups in Nigeria, for a two-day conference on the challenges and opportunities inherent in the nation’s democratic system. The conference explored challenges and opportunities for emerging democracies in Africa, and also shared experiences of the democratic experiment, so as to get government representatives better equipped to deal with challenges and opportunities for democratization in their home countries. Dr. Hamalai also organised a meeting between the President of the Association of European Parliamentarians and the parliament of the Economic Community of West African States ECOWAS to brainstorm on ways to reduce poverty, enhance the democratic process and strengthen democratic institutions in Nigeria in particular and the ECOWAS sub-region. All these remarkable feats, she recorded within a year and some months. In appreciation

of her efforts to nation building, President Goodluck Jonathan last year, bestowed upon her the national honor of Member of Federal Republic, MFR. Her duties which she seems to be dispatching so well, have been to provide a strong, independent legislative institution to safeguard fragile, nascent democracies in Africa, and the imperative to sustain national, ideology-based political parties, with the primary role of providing a platform for both the legislative arm and the judiciary in their roles of acting as effective checks on the executive to ensure good governance in Nigeria and indeed the West African sub-region. Dr. Hamalai also strongly believes that the Legislature in Nigeria, just like American Congress has the powers to re-write executive budget bill. According to her, “the Institute was established by an Act of parliament with a view to providing effective knowledge and management capable of assisting in drafting and scrutinizing bills in consonance with existing legislations while supporting the legislature with research on its operations and the state of the economy particularly in analyzing the budget to make it more people-oriented”. Her role is however, not without challenges. According to her, “the institute needs funds to kick-start its operations in order to keep leadership in Africa in conformity with the mandate of NILS to design projects that will deepen our democracy to provide opportunities for political parties to interact more often with the understanding that governance belongs to all Nigerians, if speedy development must be achieved”.

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Lamu Island


With Nami Hassan Kadir 08130693795.




Disney Angle


amu Island is a part of Kenya’s Lamu Archipelago, and has managed to stay unspoiled and untouched by the mass tourism that has hit much of Kenya’s coastline. ut Lamu’s real attraction is its Old town. The town of Lamu began life as a 14th century Swahili settlement, but the island has seen many visitors and influences, including Portuguese explorers, Turkish traders and the Omani Arabs. All left their mark, but Lamu developed its own particular culture, which has ultimately endured. Lamu’s narrow streets remain unchanged, and in the markets and squares around the fort life moves at the same pace as it always has. There are no vehicles on this island, and the donkey and the dhow remain the dominant form of transport. The people of Lamu are great believers in tradition and custom, and this is a strong

society built on a respect for the past. Lamu Old Town, the principal inhabited part of the island, is one of the oldest and bestpreserved Swahili settlements in East Africa. Built in coral stone and mangrove timber, the town is characterized by the simplicity of structural forms enriched by such features as inner courtyards, verandas, and elaborately carved wooden doors. Lamu has hosted major Muslim religious festivals since the 19th century, and has become a significant center for the study of Islamic and Swahili cultures. As the oldest living town in Kenya, Lamu Town has retained all the charm and character built up over centuries. There are no roads on Lamu Island, just alleyways and footpaths, and therefore, there are few motorized vehicles on the island. Residents move about on foot or by boat, and donkeys are used to transport goods and materials. its a place to go.

What will happen to these birds when the mouse wakes up?

Can Mikie fly so high?

Duck and the kids having a party

Page 25


World Kiddies

With Nami Hassan Kadir 08130693795.


Thumb print hearts tree




humb print art is a fun way to make family mementos. Make your own thumb print hearts tree using the FREE tree template and your child’s fingerprints to make the hearts. It’s an ideal gift for Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day or Father’s Day. What you need: -1 x FREE tree template -1 x A2 sheet of paper -black marker pen -red paint -thumbs and fingers Print out the FREE tree template. Place it under a sheet of A2 layout paper and trace over the tree shape. You can add more branches if you like, or even make some of the branches longer ... the

template is just a guide to make it easier. Now put a blob of red paint onto a paper plate or an ice cream container lid and then swirl it out

with a paintbrush to make it not so ‘blobby’ and thick. Load up your child’s thumbs with red paint. Use two thumb prints to form hearts all over your tree.

AFRICAN TALES Why the sun and the moon live in the sky

Decked in Fulani milk maiden ‘Shindondo’ attire, Miss Maryam Nura Gwadabe, from Esteem International School, Wuse, Abuja is saying ‘Hi’!


Using the right colours, shade the image below. Describe the action and show your work to your teacher for correction. Cheers!


nce upon a time, the sun and water were great friends, and they both lived on the earth together. The sun very often used to visit the water, but the water never returned the visits. At last the sun asked the water why he never visited. The water replied that the sun’s house was not big enough, and that if he came with all his people, he would drive the sun out of his home. The water then said, “If you want me to visit you, you will have to build a very large house. But I warn you that it will have to be very large, as my people are numerous and take up a lot of room”. The sun promised to build a very large house, and soon afterwards, he returned home to his wife, the moon, who greeted

him with a broad smile. The sun told the moon what he had promised the water, and the next day, they began building a large house to entertain the water and all his people. When it was completed, the sun asked the water to come and visit him. When the water arrived, one of his people called out to the sun, and asked him whether it would be safe for the water to enter, and the sun answered, “Yes, tell my friend to come in.” The water began to flow in, followed by the fish and all the other water animals. Very soon, the water was kneedeep in the house, so he asked the sun if it was still safe, and the sun again said, “Yes,” so more of them

came in. When the water was at the level of a man’s head, the water said to the sun, “Do you want more of my people to come?” Not knowing any better, the sun and the moon both said, “Yes,” More and more of the water’s people came in, until the sun and the moon had to sit on top of the roof. The water once again asked the sun if it was still okay to keep coming in. The sun and moon answered yes, so more and more of the water’s people came in. The water soon overflowed the top of the roof, and the sun and the moon were forced to go up into the sky. ...and they have been there ever since.


Page 26


Early step in sleeping sickness cure

cattle”. But Prof Pays said the research was still in the early stages. “Needless to say, this is a promising discovery,” he added. “However, it remains to be seen if this apoL1 variant could be used to treat sleeping sickness. In the blood, this protein could be either unstable or toxic in itself, so more work is needed to appreciate the potential of this finding.” n 1998, the same group of researchers discovered how rhodesiense, another strain of the parasite trypanosome, resisted our defences. Rhodesiense uses an antiprotein to disable apoL1 so that we cannot fight against it. Wendy Gibson, professor of protozoology at the University of Bristol, who has been studying the evolution of trypanosome said: “They’ve finally solved the mystery of how the gambiense has been fighting our defences. It is a meticulous piece of work.” Culled from BBC news


The parasite trypanasoma gambiense is the leading cause of sleeping sickness


cientists have taken a tentative step towards creating a cure for the most common form of sleeping sickness. The gambiense strain of the trypanosoma parasite is resistant to proteins the immune system produces to fight the infection. Belgian researchers have developed a mutant version of the protein, which early tests show can kill a wide range of trypanosomes including gambiense. The study was published in the journal Nature. The gambiense strain causes more than 97% of sleeping sickness cases in western and central Africa. According to the World Health Organization, there were 7,197 cases in 2012. Parasite defences The immune system produces apoL1 to try to attack the parasite. In the study, researchers from the Universite Libre de Bruxelles outlined how gambiense evolved a three-part defence mechanism against the protein apoL1. ApoL1 is normally taken up by the trypanosoma parasites,

as it tricks the parasite into believing that it is beneficial. The protein then embeds itself into the walls of the gut membrane, where it kills the parasite. The parasite is spread by the tsetse fly The first step in gambiense defence is they “create a protein that stiffens the membranes against the apoL1 protein,” said Prof Etienne Pays, lead author of the research. “This acts as a barrier.” he second stage is to make it more difficult for the parasite to absorb the protein. Finally, if the protein was to get through the other barriers, gambiense is able to digest apoL1 quicker than other forms of the parasite, so that it cannot be absorbed by membranes. Prof Pays said: “The crucial thing here is that apoL1 is still there. It has not been absorbed. It can still be used to kill the parasite.” This led Prof Pays and his team to develop a mutant strain of apoL1. This not only kills gambiense, but “it kills all African trypanosomes, pathogenic for humans or for


The parasite is spread by the tsetse fly


Page 27


s p i T y t u a Be

Pimples Cure Home Remedy P imples gives the worst situation to the teenagers regarding their skin care. Pimples give a bad look to the face when it is more. Not only the bad look but it gives a bad texture after the pimple has gone. In some cases it produces holes on the facial skin. This causes mental worry to teens. Lots of products are available in the market that claim sudden cure. But most of the time, the experience from the store bought products are not that much favourable. Not only that sometimes it gives side effects. It causes skin damage etc. At this point of time it is quite natural to think about a sure home remedy for pimples cure. As it is natural there will be no side effects. Here is a natural home remedy using neem leaves and tulsi leaves. It is highly medicinal. This is used for several skin problems. Here we need few fresh leaves. Take five or ten leaves depending on the purpose. Preparation of Pimples cure home remedy

Neem and tulsi leaves we require in the proportion of 1:2. If you take 10 tulsi leaves then take 5 neem leaves. Here you take 6 tulsi leaves and 3 neem leaves. Make a paste by adding few drops of water. You can mash the leaves using small hand grinder. Application Wash the face well with water. Wipe the excess water from the face. Apply the paste, ONLY on the pimple area. Apply thickly on the pimples. There may be some burning feel but don’t worry. Leave it for 10-15 min. and wash it off. The main ingredient here is the neem leaf. So if you do not feel any discomfort with the neem leaf then next day you increase the number of neem leaves used. But if you feel discomfort then you have to take less number of neem leaves on the next day. Do this daily for five days consecutively and then repeat it once in three or four days till the pimples disappears. This pimples cure home remedy is safe and effective.



Compiled by Nami Hassan Kadir

Why ladies love big handbags

Compiled by KEREM KURUGH




ost ladies these days cannot go about without their hand bags because it gives them this ladylike and classy look instead of moving around the place swinging their arms like guys. It’s always good a lady moves around with a hand bag especially the big ones, since every lady has her own reason for carry big hand bags. Most ladies prefer carrying big hand bags because it’s the new fashion status indicator, as they have the tendency to reflect the person’s taste. It makes one look sophisticated and classy because big hand bags are more expensive compared to the smaller ones. Ladies prefer to carry big hand bags because they contain most of the things they need for the whole day. Big bags offer ladies the opportunity of carrying electronic items like phones, laptops among others. They also carry make-up essentials, body splashes, hand sanitizes among others. One never can tell where crises strike or even when an impromptu meeting calls. With your big bag you need only walk into any female convenience around and freshen up and you will be good to go, but with your small hand bag, you will have to limit what things to carry in it. For most ladies big bag is their fashion SIGNATURE. We have different kind of bags with different designers like: Gucci hand bags, Louis Vuitton hand bags, Chanel hand bags, Dooney and Bourke hand bags, prada handbags and coach hand bags.

Page 29

Pots & Pans PAGE 30


Getting naturally snacky

With Hajiya Ramatu Usman Dorayi


uite a lot of people love to chew a snack or two in between meals or just simply recline at a relaxation spot or at home with something to lighten their mood. Here is a combination of natural snack, homemade popcorn and nutritionally rich ginger drink to add a spark to your weekend. Savour……. Homemade popcorn Ingredients: 3 tablespoons oil ½ teaspoon salt ½ cup popping corn 3 tablespoons butter, melted Directions: In a large, heavy-bottomed saucepan, add the oil, salt and popping corn. Turn the heat to medium, cover the pot with a lid left slightly ajar, and shake once or twice. The corn kernels will begin to pop within a minute or two. Once the popping slows to an almost stop, remove the pot from the heat. Transfer the popcorn to a large serving bowl and drizzle with melted butter, tossing well to combine. Add more butter, honey or salt, if preferred.

Spicy ginger drink


he ginger root is a very medicinal plant that has been used for decades to treat all kinds of ailments. Here are a few benefits of the ginger

root: -Immune system booster -Anti-bacterial and anti-fungal effects -Soothes menstrual cramps, migraines and nausea -Aids in digestion and soothes an upset stomach -Lowers cholesterol Ingredients:

1 cup fresh ginger root, skin removed (If you don’t like it too spicy you may want to reduce your measurements to 1/2 a cup or 1/4 cup of ginger root) 6-7 cups of water, divided 1/3 cup honey Directions: First, place the ginger root and 2 cups of water into a high speed blender and blend until liquefied. Then pour content from the blender into a medium size pot. Add 4-5 cups of water into the pot cover and bring

to a boil. Next, using a sieve, carefully pour boiled mixture (you may also want to let it cool down some more to avoid getting burned) from pot into another container in order to catch all the chaff from the ginger root. Finally, add 1/3 cup of honey into your ginger drink and mix. You may also add a dash of cinnamon to your individual glass before drinking. Enjoy it warm or cold. Save the rest in a bottle with a lid and store in the refrigerator.



Nollywood actresses marriage hit rocks By Theodora Ekah


arriage, as an institution ordained by God, has been abused and subjected to ridicule. Every now and then, the air is polluted by the filthy news report of failed marriages, especially those involving high profile personalities like Nollywood top actors and actresses. Indeed, worrisome is the rate at which these star actresses are divorcing their husbands. These days, rumours of break up in top celebrity marriages seem the norm among top Nollywood actresses. Usually, there are speculations over reasons for such breakages: some quite ugly while others may be trivial and therefore what could easily have been mended without ripples. But celebrities always have their things done differently. The top on the list of the causes of breakdown in such marriages are money and infidelity as well as the quest to maintain the care-free mentality that stardom and fame seem to impose on them. At the flimsiest excuse, many top start just jump out of what they had hitherto made to appear blissful and made from heaven. No, one can’t play God by judging them. But it seems a good number of celebrity marriages are just for convenience and never based on true love. True love though is subjective but suffices it to say that a love that goes beyond attachment to fame, fadable beauty and spur of the moment sort of attraction often are superficial and therefore hardly worth the while. Nollywood like their Hollywood and Bollywood counterparts seem to be the cynosure of all eyes expectedly because of their growing popularity, fame and wealth. And because the film industry is one huge image builder good and even average actors and actresses have become household names. They, butterfly like, attract all sort of characters to themselves. While some of them have remained eligible spinsters, those that managed to walk down the aisle barely sustain the momentum. For example, across the African continent, Nigerian movies are commonplace with the resultant larger than life image of the actors and actresses. So, the marriages of these stars are constantly on the purview: their actions, social affairs and even what ordinarily should be part of their private life. That means in matters where the stars could easily have had a quite time, ponder over and make

amends, pressure occasioned by media attention to minor blushes with their spouse are taken to the limits. The result? Heartbreaks, separations and divorces. The development is not confine to the younger generation of actors and actresses. It has always been the same. The list of high profile movie actresses with failed marriages grows by the day. Indeed, these past years, incidences of breakages in marriage have been rampant. Some of the divorce cases are touching, others devastating, while many have elicited anger and a few even tickled the industry observers. The splits, the fits and the emotional pits which are the aftermath of some of the broken marriages in Nollywood have in recent times generated no little hiccups. These includes: Eucharia Anouobi, Fathia Balogun, Shan George, Monalisa Chinda, Clarion Chukwurah, Chika Ike, Sandra Achums, and Funke Akindele. The most recent collapsed marriage in Nollywood is that of funny actress Funke Akindele popularly known as JENIFA. Her marriage to Kehinde Almaroof Oloyede collapsed just after one year. Among the top celebrities that seems to make the infamous record of being the shortest failed celeb marriage. Funke Akindele through her publicist made the official statement on failed marriage thus, ”On behalf of our client, star actress, Funke Akindele, we want to formally inform you that after due consultation and consideration, she has now separated from Mr. Kehinde Oloyede as his wife”. The publicist, who is also Akindele’s immediate elder sister added, “Funke hereby urges her fans and all concerned to pray and wish her the best as she moves on in her career.” Chika Ike, one of the most beautiful Nigerian actresses, got married to Tony Eberiri in 2006, but a few years later, the union hit the rocks following allegations ranging from infidelity to assault. The actress, who filed for divorce, said in an interview: “I have a lot of friends who would have left their marriages but because of the African society, their in-laws, what people will say or other factors, they stay on.” Actress Eucharia Anunobi, who is now a pastor, called it quits with Charles Ekwu, the father of her son, Joshua, a few years after they got married. Eucharia cited constant battery by Charles as the reason she

Funke Akindele

Chika Ike

Shan George

Monalisa Chinda

pulled out of the union. But it was actually Charles that first walked out of the relationship. He allegedly abandoned the actress and her son. One of the most shocking was that of Fathia and Saheed Balogun. The much celebrated union hit the rocks over multiple allegations of infidelity, and efforts by influential personalities in the country to settle their differences fell on deaf ears. At the tender age of 15, Shan George got married and after

bearing two kids, she walked out of the marriage at 21, alleging that her husband couldn’t send her to school but rather turned her into a punching bag. After she graduated from the University of Lagos at the age of 29, she made efforts remarry on two occasions but all to no avail. Actress Monalisa Chinda accused her ex-husband, Dejo Richards, of battery and moved out of her matrimonial home. The union was blessed with a daughter.

Funke Akindele through her publicist made the official statement on failed marriage thus, ”On behalf of our client, star actress, Funke Akindele, we want to formally inform you that after due consultation and consideration, she has now separated from Mr. Kehinde Oloyede as his wife”.

Clarion Chukwurah is no doubt one of the most talented actresses in Nigeria. She had been married twice; first to the brother of the late Bashorun M.K.O. Abiola and later to the Oduneyes, but at the moment, she is a single mother. Omotola Jalade-Ekeinde is one of the few lucky actresses that have enjoyed a good marital life. In an interview, she identified the inability of her colleagues to “draw the lines between their profession and family” as the reason behind many failed marriages. According to Omotola, an average African man will not compromise the level of respect he gets from his spouse, and as a result, the woman, irrespective of her status or class, must give due respect and time to her family. The multiple award-winning actress cited for instance, “when you see me outside, I’m Omo Sexy, the movie star. But at home, I’m the humble and obedient wife and mother. The moment you fail to realize this, there is likely to be a problem in your relationship.” Kerem Kurugh is a student of the University of Maiduguri



Famous paintings


Mona Lisa

Peasant Wedding Peasant Wedding (1568, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria) by Pieter Bruegel the Elder is an oil painting on wood and depicts a wedding feast. In the 16th century, no more than 20 guests were allowed to participate at peasant celebrations, so the doorway on the left is filled with spectators. Bridgeman Art Library, London/New York

Impression: Sunrise This painting by Claude Monet inspired the name of the late-19thcentury French art movement, impressionism. Monet painted Impression: Sunrise in 1873, but when he signed the painting later, he wrongly recorded the date as 1872. The painting was stolen in 1985 from its home in the Musée Marmottan, Paris, but it was recovered in 1990. Archivio Iconografico, S.A./Corbis

Mona Lisa (1503-1506, Louvre, Paris), Leonardo da Vinci’s world-famous portrait, was the artist’s favorite painting; in fact, it went everywhere with him. Although there have been many theories about the origin of the inexplicable smile on the woman’s face, it was probably just the result of Leonardo’s interest in natural chiaroscuro (the effect of light and shadow on the subject). Bridgeman Art Library, London/ New York

Chauvet Cave Art The Chauvet cave paintings in southeastern France are some of the oldest and most spectacular examples of Ice Age art ever found. The red and black drawings and engravings depict a wide range of animals, from the more common horses and bison to the rarer lions and rhinoceroses. The paintings have been dated to 32,000 years ago. Ministere De La Culture/Liaison Agency Picasso’s The Three Musicians Spanish painter Pablo Picasso used figures from the circus and the theater in a number of his works. The Three Musicians (1921) features two characters from Italian commedia dell’arte theater—Harlequin in the diamond-patterned costume and Pierrot in white. Some experts believe that Harlequin represents Picasso himself. © 2008 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Photo: Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania/Giraudon, Paris/SuperStock© 2002 Fondazione Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Foto: Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania/Giraudon, Parigi/SuperStock



Till death do us part...

Young couple having a blissful moment


used to love Fridays. So who cares if it happened to be Friday the Thirteenth? I love Fridays anyway but I dread it sometimes after a horrific incident that happened to me on a Friday. I enjoy hanging around with friends and friends of friends but really never had a friend of my own so I try to blend in all possible way and at all possible cost. As for my love life, it isn’t much of an adventure. Besides, I never had a knack for falling in love. You see, the problem I have with guys is that I always fall for the wrong guy. Like last year I fell in love with a guy who seemed to me my dream guy, Nonso, whom I shockingly found out that he is a shoe maker based in Aba with his family! No, nothing wrong in being a cobbler, but that wasn’t in my bargain. Later on, a drug addict, Sammy, then, a man who posed as a grand guy but a fraudster in every sense. I have even forgotten his name. Since then, I have been careful and well may be reserved about choosing guys. That’s by the way. What I am about to tell you

is another adventure story of my love life. How I was blind to love a man I never knew so well and how he made my first date a day never to be forgotten. It’s still to me a nightmare. It all happened so fast like flipping through a book. I have been seeing him around lately and had always fantasised about him. His charm swept me off my feet the evening we met at a get together in a lounge at a friend’s welcome home celebration. He was tall, dark, and had this kind of brutal handsomeness. Well I was taken away by his demure and calculated in my head he was just the perfect one for me. I asked a friend of mine, Asiya to hook me up with this guy, who seemingly is my prince charming, but she gave me an awkward response. “shebi na every crazy man u won date on earth abi? The last mugu no do you ba? By the way this guy you want hmmm I only know him to be called Shadow but I hear say na Victor the name Shadow fit am well sef because him dey creep me.” With all her chattering I didn’t even get a point out of her

I asked a friend of mine, Asiya to hook me up with this guy, who seemingly is my prince charming, but she gave me an awkward response.

but I was pretty sure that this guy, Shadow or whatever he is been called has an intriguing allure about him that attracted me. Asiya is my closest friend and knew me inside out. So, probably she was right I should have listened to her and paid more attention to my co-worker who was invited and interested in me. Remember I said I was dumb when it comes to dating and so I wasn’t even sure of what I was in for. I was desperate enough to make the move. I was close enough to smell the scent on him and all I had to do was to brush and spill my drink to start

up a conversation between us. Everything happened just the way I planned. The next thing I knew, we were introducing ourselves on a couch. I had to dramatise all my flirting techniques to get all his attention. I enjoyed the way he looked into my eyes and stared at my lips while he licked his. That evening was blissful for me I was drinking and talking away all about myself, seldom did he talk but himself for he seemed to enjoy my company. In the morning I woke up to find my clothes and under wears on the ground. I became raged at how reckless I had been with a

stranger then consoled myself I was tipsy suddenly my rage died when Victor came in with breakfast. He had this giddiness in his eyes that told me a lot. You know that feeling when you perceive someone to be a psycho. “Last night was splendid Kay, u do have a nice body and a lovely rhythm”. I was kind of embarrassed but kept my gaze on him. Wait a minute! I was beginning to check if this was the same guy I was tripping for last night he looked strange and different to me now. He began talking of how great we are going to be together forever and with that statement I was struck wondering what kind of a person would bring up a dream like this after a one night stand and thought if this man is a psyche or something then he came close to touch me. I was irritated. I decided that I should just get up and leave. My instincts were yelling at me as I began shaking and suddenly didn’t know how I fled out of the room but the last words I heard was “I will have to see you again sometime soon. I love you Kay”



N oll y wo o d

I should never have married Frank Edoho – Katherine Obiang


n a compelling interview with The Netng, Who Wants To Be A Millionaire’ host Frank Edoho’s wife, Katherine Obiang, who has three kids for the TV talk host, says her 7-year old marriage to Frank should never have been. She says staying friends would have been better.

How are your kids? They are great. And how are they taking the whole divorce issue? We are not really divorced. It’s still a work-in-progress kind of thing, but we are taking it well. When it’s time for him to see the children, he does and when it’s time to return them, he does. On my part, I have cooperated to enable the children to understand that they are not stained because of it. I wouldn’t want them to develop a complex because of it. We didn’t design for these things to happen but they do. It’s like people who have lost their parents, they didn’t plan for it but they have to move on. I watch them and I think they are doing pretty okay especially because we talk about it every time there is a reason to. You mentioned that you aren’t really divorced. Does that suggest possibility of reconciliation? No, it doesn’t. We just started the process but there isn’t any hope for reconciliation. We know we would always be in each other’s lives because of the children, so we have to be civil. When the children are getting married for example, we have to hide our differences and make it work. What if he (Frank) came back, would you consider it? No. Three years have gone by. It will be an entire process of knowing somebody all over again, and I don’t have the energy to do that. We’ve let it burn and I don’t think he will do that. Do you sometimes miss him? He had such a great sense of humor. I don’t know if he still does. His sense of music too, being a radio presenter, and we used to exchange thoughts on things regarding that, but otherwise, I don’t miss him in that nostalgic way of…It’s a part of my life I have come to terms with. I am a solution oriented person. He was part of my life for more than 10 years (dated for four years and got married for 7 years). Looking back at everything, do you wish you never got separated? No, I think Frank and I should not have gotten married in the first place. We should just have been friends because he was an awesome friend. While I was dating someone else and he had to go back to his country, he (Frank) was there all through and I had known him all the while he was in the University of Calabar and we started our career together. I think we shouldn’t have pushed it to marriage but just stayed as friends. Any regrets about that? No. I have three lovely kids to show for it and, of course, everything happened for a reason and a purpose. They can only make us

Katherine Obiang and Frank Edoho, when they were couples. better or stronger people and it has done so for me. I have grown from what went wrong. What is usually the cause of the fight? I think it’s impatience, anger and not knowing how to deal with issue in the now, so you react before you think. It goes like, ‘huh, how dare you say this to me…is that what you will say?’ I can’t remember any one in particular, it has been long now, I have moved on and it’s not a thing that can happen to me again. But I always say no matter what, a man should not raise his hands on

a woman. A woman should also not goad a man too much. It takes nothing from the man who walks away because once he hits a woman he starts to think it is justifiable. Unfortunately, we are in a society where we have friends that will give you thumbs up for doing that. A man should be calmer and not react on the now. Are you making efforts to ensure that your son isn’t wrongly influenced by this? I have a son and I talk to him all the time. I let him know he must be there to protect his sister. They

I feel a sense of disappointment instead especially now when the children come home with questions that I need a man to answer ...It’s a feeling of disappointment, but you know, we have to rise above them and go on.

should look at him and feel safe with him and he knows that. The girls also push him and I caution them, so it’s a balance. Were you hit by the rumors of his recent marriage? I didn’t want to believe he was because we are still married (legally). We are not divorced, so I didn’t see how that was possible and didn’t lose sleep over it. I’m not asking him not to go on with his life but things should be done properly. We are separated for three years and now in the divorce process. If he found happiness and love, then I’m happy for him. Will you be trying your hands on marriage again? You just never know. If you would, what kind of man would he be? You come to a point in your life where you can’t afford to do things out of adrenaline but with great thought. It would be a more mature person, someone who is calm and has a fine sense of how life should be. Someone who is mature, wise and seen life and the ways of the world and knows what he is doing at every time. When you think about all that has happened, does it

bring tears to your eyes? No, I feel a sense of disappointment instead especially now when the children come home with questions that I need a man to answer, if he (their father) were around, for example, someone to be there for my son at a time when he is writing his common entrance examination. It’s a feeling of disappointment, but you know, we have to rise above them and go on. What was your reaction the very first time it happened? I’m like these things happen in marriages but we think of reconciliation and getting families involved. It is your first trial in marriage and nobody gives a guideline about how things are going to be. Apart from being part of the Project Alert, what other steps have you taken to help women who are battling with domestic violence? I talk to them but in the end, I let them know, the decision is theirs. A friend of mine was involved in this and after we talked, she still went back to him. No matter what platform there is, it rests on the individual. It is what I have arrived at. I still share my story when I have the chance to.




Former Scientologist claims to have to have auditioned for Tom Cruise’s wife

Winfrey, Foxx and Whitaker joined Obama at March on Washington


ollywood Reporter has said that former Scientologist from Norway has come forward as the latest woman to claim to have “auditioned” to be Tom Cruise’s wife. In a feature published jointly by Australia’s Women’s Day magazine and Tony Ortega’s Scientology-focused blog The Underground Bunker, Anette Iren Johansen, who stopped taking classes at the Church in 2010, recalls a bizarre audition process that was later reportedly revealed to have been for the Hollywood actor. In January 2005, when Johansen was 27 years old, she was reportedly asked to participate in an audition at the organization’s Copenhagen location. Johansen had previously appeared in Scientology magazines and training films. But this time, instead of working from a script, Johansen said, she was asked personal questions about her life and was required to sign a confidentiality waiver.


prah Winfreyd, Jamie Foxx and Forest Whitaker joined President Barack Obama and former chief executives Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter at the Lincoln Memorial to mark the 50th anniversary of one of the Civil Rights Movement’s most memorable moments — the March on Washington. Though it’s recalled mainly for Dr. Martin Luther King’s classic “I Have a Dream” speech, at the time the march was generally noted as the largest popular demonstration ever held in the nation’s capital. The crowd on the Mall that day was estimated to number at least 1 million with participants, speakers and performers drawn from many races and from all over the nation.

Georgia Representative John Lewis, now one of the Democrats’ congressional elders but then an aide to King, addressed the commemoration as he did the original march. Television’s Soledad O’Brien and Hill Harper host the anniversary celebration, whose title is “Let Freedom Ring.” Wednesday’s commemoration featured musical performances by LeAnn Rimes and Bebe Winans. Folk singers Peter, Paul and Mary, Bob Dylan and Joan Baez sang at the march half a century ago. Winfrey and Whitaker are starring in Lee Daniels’ The Butler, a movie about a man who served seven presidents as a White House butler.

‘Spider-Man’s Reeve Carney nabs key role in Showtime’s ‘Penny Dreadful’



he actor, who starred as Peter Parker/Spider-Man in the Broadway musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark, has nabbed a key role in the cable network’s drama series Penny Dreadful, The Hollywood Reporter has learned. The eight-episode drama revolves around some of literature’s famed monsters -- including Dr. Frankenstein and his creature, Dorian Gray and figures from the Dracula -- weaving together classic horror origin stories as the characters grapple with their monstrous alienation. Carney will play the series regular role of Dorian Grey in a reprisal of Oscar Wilde’s supernaturally attractive and decadent young hero. Penny’s Dorian is further described as confident and mesmerizing, yet somewhat isolated. Penny Dreadful was created by three-time Oscar nominee John Logan (Skyfall), who will write

and executive produce alongside Academy Award winner Sam Mendes and Neal Street’s Pippa Harris (Revolutionary Road). Juan Antonio Bayona (The Orphanage, The Impossible) directs the first two episodes. Carney joins a cast that includes Timothy Dalton as Sir Malcolm, a tough African explorer on a deeply personal quest; Josh Hartnett as Ethan and Eva Green as Vanessa, the lone female in the story. The casting comes after Carney was hand-picked by director Julie Taymor for Spider-Man and after he was selected to play Jeff Buckley in the upcoming musical biopic Mystery White Boy. Carney also picked up a Young Artist Award for his role in the film Snow Falling on Cedars. Carney most recently starred in Taylor Swift’s “I Knew You Were Trouble” video, which Sunday picked up the award for best female video at MTV’s Video Music Awards.




Entertainment Ibinabo stops Tribute Night

I’m a superstar of this world —Ozzybosco Dynamite Kid



he president of the Actors Guild of Nigeria, Ibinabo Fiberesima, has disclosed that the guild will no longer hold tribute night for the deceased actors. The former beauty queen confirmed this while speaking with newsmen in Lagos. The River state born actress stated that it was becoming a habit in the industry to celebrate those who have put in a lot into the movie industry and the entertainment industry generally after they must have gone to the world beyond, adding that she is not happy about such develpment. Fiberesima stated that following the refusal of some members of the guild to key into her health scheme which she promised to introduce during her inauguration in November last year at the Club Rumor, Ikeja, Lagos, they should have a rethink. She however urged members of AGN to support the scheme, while promising to do more to improve the welfare of the members.


ulti-talented rave of the moment kid on the block, Master Oziomachukwu Favour Mojekwu, with a stage name Ozzybosco Wonderkid, is truly a favored child following his sudden rise in the entertainment world. Ozzy in his words said: I’m a superstar of this world and the youngest Africa entertainer”. At a tender age of three months, little Ozzyboy, has started showing signs of where his destiny lies... Entertainment. He would twist and dance whenever there was sound or music being played. Without an iota of doubt, he has rapidly developed into a unique brand that cannot be ignored in the Nigeria entertainment. He is an icon and motivator of children worldwide, particularly in Africa where kid entertainers are relatively scarce. Ozzybosco is in a class of his own.He is a singer,dancer,actor and instrumentalist blessed with overwhelming boldness, versatility,

I will go back to school when I’ve made enough money —Genevieve Nnaji

N Ibinabo

ollywood queen, Genevieve Nnaji, has announced to the public that she would return to school after she has made enough money. This is coming after several thumbed down her secondary school educational background despite her pedigree in the Nollywood industry. Nnaji, in her words said: “Life is not the same for everybody. Some people are so lucky, they come out of secondary school and go straight to the university because they have the support. Mine was different. But I’m determind. Defintely, I’m gonna go back to school. I wanted to make money, I love money, I cherish money. I will go back when I’ve made enough. But while I’m there, I won’t stop working”.


dexterity and charisma. The kid artiste is full of knowledge and academically rated among the best pupils in his school. He has won several laurels, medals and merit awards. Incidentally, this young lad was voted the Class Captain and he is managing the esteemed position effectively. His creativity also won him the school’s prestigious award for Most Creative Pupil in his class. The wonder boy at the age of four, dazzled many at the 7th edition of Kids Got Talent Competition held last year November, at the prestigious Muson Centre, where he carted home several awards. Ozzy has done three singles with popular artistes like Flavour, Lambogini, Abania and Tinni of Ghana. Born into the family of Chief Elizabeth Mojekwu-Chukwujama in Anambra state, the boy’s mother told Entertainment Flakes that she is working hard for his future in entertainment world.


Entertainment Flakes Ice Prince splashes millions on automobile


ne of Nigeria’s hottest rappers, Ice Prince Zamani, is now a proud owner of an expensive Bentley. The handsome dude, is reportedly said to have acquired the 2010 model of the automobile some days back. The powerful car is said to have cost the award winning rapper lots of millions of naira. The father of one has undoubtedly joined the big boys of the entertainment industry in Nigeria.



Hon Rotimi Makinde, Oyebanke finally wed


opular Yoruba actor cum politician, Hon Rotimi Makinde, has finally hooked his hearthrob, Oyebanke Oyelami, the current Miss Osun state. The high profile wedding which had kicked off with a traditional wedding on Friday, at the Bride’s compound in Iragbiji, Osun state continued on Saturday with exchange of marital vows. The registry session took place at Boripe Local Government Area in Iragbiji, Osun state before the party train moved to Mic Com Golf Club in Ada, Osun state. The reception was well attended by the trappings of the society ranging from the Nollywood stars to eminent politicians, royal fathers and while several biggies with different sizes, color and shapes were also not left out in the shindig. Afro Juju Creator, Sir Shina Peters, added fun and razzmatazz with his juju music as the couple were seen beaming with smile all through the reception session, an indication that they had a full filled day on their special day. The bride, Oyebanke, in her words said: “This is my happiest moment in life but quite unfortunate that my mum is not alive today to witness my day.” All the same, I’m still happy and fulfilled with a man God has given me as husband” Makinde, also expressed his joy . While speaking exclusively with Entertainment Flakes, the Mayegun of Ile-Ife said: Oyebanke is a good thing that has ever happened to me. Apart from being a good lady, she is a great and beautiful human being born on Osun Oshogbo festival and she is currently Miss Osun. Infact to crown it all, I ve chosen a good wife, a trusted partner and she has replaced my late mother”. Eminent personalities at the wedding included Senator Bunmi Daramola, Hon Saheed Akinade-Fijabi, Hon Babaginda Ibrahim, Rotimi Akinfemiwa Aberuagba, Hon Umar Katsayal and Hon Tom. Zakari.Others included Antar Laniyan, Ireti Osayemi and hubby, Bakky, Pappy Luwe, Jinadu Ewele, Saheed Balogun, MC Abbey and Foluke Daramola amongst others. A night party at GT Hall in Ile-Ife, Osun state climaxed the two day wedding ceremony. Abass Akande Obesere,was on the band stand thrilling the guests with his Asakasa music. Interstingly, those who could not attend the registry and reception ceremony stormed the all night party in IleIfe, to show love to Makinde and wife.

I can’t act x-rated film —BBA’s Beverly Osu ***Rejects Afrocandy’s porn film offer


ith the nudity and much talked about sexual acts displayed with a fellow housemate, Angelo, a South African representative. While on the just concluded Africa’s reallty TV show, Beverly had impressed the Nigeria’s porn queen, Afrocandy, and she invited Beverly to feature in a soft porn film on her arrival from South Africa, an offer which Beverly has since rejected. Beverly not only rejected the offer but thanked Afrocandy while on a live programe on a radio station on Wednesday. She said: “I appreciate Afrocandy for her offer but I’m not interested in the porn film”.

BBA winner, dillish matthew returns home


illish Matthew, the first ever Namibian house- mate to win Big Brother Africa has returned home. Matthew arrived home on Wednesday around 12:00 at the Hosea Kutako International Airport, Namibia. She was at the airport given a resounding welcome by family, friends and fans before a world press conference held in her honor. The 22 year old Matthew, it would be recalled made headlines across the continent shortly after she emerged the winner of 2013 edition of Big Brother Africa season 8 tagged The Chase, last Sunday. The participating countries included Zimbabwe, Ghana, Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi, Ethiopia, South Africa, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Angola Nigeria, Kenya, Namibia and Bostwana.



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Power: Ribadu goofed on Jonathan By Umaru Ardo


emocracy would lose its defining egalitarianism if it foreclosed free expression of viewpoints by its adherents - including often unreasoned perspectives by forces and personalities that seek to diminish and divide. This democratic privilege confers on Nigerians a free choice to deploy researched opinion that informs and leverages society or humdrum commentary that diminishes and stunts. Former chair of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and chieftain of the newly birthed All Progressives Congress (APC), Malam Nuhu Ribadu chose the latter option that diminishes and stunts - ostensibly under the guise of ‘progressivism’. Here’s why. In a recent interview, Ribadu attacked President Goodluck Jonathan’s policy on power, alleging the government is confused. For good measure, from his sanctimonious APC perch, he slammed other successive regimes under the ruling Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP) as equally culpable in the power sector negatives he alleged. According to Ribadu who incidentally was the presidential candidate of the defunct Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) in the 2011 general elections, “For now, it is a sector that people just see as a place to make money; and if you make money out of it; from the public servant to the contractors; there is no way, no magic that


Peoples Daily Weekend welcomes your letters, opinion articles, text messages and ‘pictures of yesteryears.’ All written contributions should be concise. Word limits: Letters - 150 words, Articles - 750 words. Please include your name and a valid location. Letters to the Editor should be addressed to: The Editor, Peoples Daily, 1st Floor Peace Plaza, 35 Ajose Adeogun Street, Utako, Abuja. Email: you can get results from this type of behaviour, and then Nigerians will not get electricity.”Under the Olusegun Obasanjo presidency, a kingly $16 billion was spent on IPPs and nothing came out of it. It could further be recalled that when the National Assembly probed that sordid phase of our national life there were damning indictments. Ribadu’s tenure as the anti-graft head, extended into the early phase of the Umaru Yar’Adua presidency. As the arrow-head of anti-corruption war, what did Ribadu do that posterity will record as principled breakthroughs of his tenure? When Ribadu talks about corruption in awards of contracts, particularly in the power sector, one will only but remember the era that he looked the other way while impunity reigned supreme. This reaction is a useful opportunity to update Ribadu on

what the current administration is doing to transform this critical power sector, though the Jonathan presidency has enough minders to defend it. The Goodluck Jonathan administration, from inception made power sector reform, an integral part of its transformation agenda. It sets for itself the doubling of electricity output with its first term and quadrupling the current output in one decade. Nigeria signed a pact with SinohydroCneec Corporation, a synergy of two Chinese firms (Sinohydro Corporation and China National Electrical Equipment Corporation), to build a 700 mega watt Hydro Power station on the Northern Zungeru River in Niger state. The project is expected to gulp 163 billion Naira (about $1 billion). Another Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed

between Nigeria and China’s Sinohydro Corporation, to build a 3,050-Megawatt Hydro Power Plant on eastern Mambila Plateau in Gembu, Taraba State. These two Hydro Power projects are expected to be completed by 2017. There is a retinue of over 400 projects now in the works. The implication of these is that by next year, there will be a dramatic difference in the chronic electric power supply shortages we have known too well, and witness the birth of a modern, efficient, customer-focused, private sector driven electricity supply industry. Ribadu should be reminded that the government also settled the big issue of labour, which threatened the privatisation exercise: the government has paid-off at least 70 per cent of the workers of PHCN. “We have paid off the severance components and will within next week start paying for the RSA (retirement savings account) components”, the minister of Power, Prof . Nebo said in a recent event. Against the foregoing background, Ribadu cannot in all sincerity dismiss the fact that sincere and genuine efforts are afoot to change the large picture in the power sector. He should acknowledge this fact. In all, the power sector is so vital to the president’s transformation agenda that he is actually condemned to succeed here. Ardo, a public issues analyst lives in Abuja



How Nigeria can generate revenue from entertainment By. Sylvester Aroh


he Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) sector has been recognized as an engine of growth all over the world. The sector is characterised by low investment requirement, operational flexibility, location wise mobility, and import substitution The economies of countries like India, Japan or China have witnessed a vibrant micro and small enterprise sector that plays an important role in sustaining the economic growth by contributing around 39 per cent to the manufacturing output and 34 per cent to the exports yearly. It is the second largest employer of human resources after agriculture, providing employment to about 29.5 million people in the rural and urban areas of these countries. Their significance in terms of fostering new entrepreneurship is well-recognized. This is because most entrepreneurs start their business from a small unit which provides them an opportunity to harness their skills and talents, to experiment, to innovate and transform their ideas into goods and services and finally nurture it into a larger unit. In developing countries like Nigeria, the role of SMEs is even more important since SMEs often offer the only realistic prospects for creating additional employment and thus reducing poverty and enhancing the quality of lives. A healthy SME sub-sector is essential for inclusive and socially sustainable development even though institutions that provide support services where available are often limited in capacity and coverage in developing economies. In this

write-up, the focus will be on the entertainment industry, which has been one of the enterprises that have generated a lot of jobs and employment across the country. In the recent past, creative art and entertainment industry were seen as unserious business ventures that are not worth going into. Parents, friends and associates of entertainers often perceive them as never do well in the society. Some families will go the extra mile of disowning any of their offspring that decides to make a carrier in the entertainment industry. Either as a musician, actors/ actresses, dancer, model, footballer, etc, the person involved is held in a very low esteem by the member of his immediate family and the society at large. Though the industry had made an appreciable progress in the recent time, there are still a lot of cynicisms surrounding the trade that needed to be eschewed to enable gifted artists and entertainer to embrace the profession without fear of stigmatization from immediate family members and the larger community. However the recent economic boom in the industry is helping in no small measure to neutralize the long age stereotype that had kept the industry in a disadvantage position. Virtually all the segments of the entertainment industry today are a multibillion dollar business. The contribution of the Nollywood to the overall development of the nation’s economy cannot be overemphasized. The Nigerian film industry is second only to petroleum product in term of the

nation’s foreign earning. Economic analysts also believe that aside from the economic benefits of the trade to the nation, it had also place the country in a strategic place in the global arena. It is also playing an important role in rebranding the already battered image of Nigeria abroad, in addition to employment generation capacity. It is nonetheless in realization of the above facts and its efforts to ensure that the entertainment and art industry attain its full potentialities that the Nigerian Export Import (NEXIM) bank has engaged in strategic partnerships and sponsorship support of some creative and entertainment industry. Specifically in the area of marketing, advocacy and capacity building programmes; which are intended to create awareness, build capacities, facilitate monetization of intellectual property as well as showcase Nigeria talents. The managing director of the bank, Mr. Robert Orya, said that NEXIM’s contribution will be in the area of provision of finance and guarantees to enhance industrial capacities, as well as support the acquisition and adoption of new and clean technologies thereby ensuring competitiveness of Nigeria movies in the global market. According to him, the bank extended loans to eligible companies in all the value chain within the creative arts and entertainment industry under the Nigerian Creative Arts and Entertainment Industry Facility Scheme. As at today, a total funding support to the industry by NEXIM comprises N700 million and N536 million disbursed amount to six beneficiary clients.

On its developmental supports, the bank’s contributions are essentially towards ensuring that the industry operates in a structured manner and within global best practices and standards. To this end the bank had over the years embarked on developing draft operating guidelines to enhance stakeholders’ access to loan facilities with inputs from stakeholders (practitioners and regulators), commission a study to review the industry and develop the best financing instruments for the Nigeria entertainment industry based on Bollywood financing experience, sponsor capacity building programmmes, events and film festivals to showcase Nigerian creative talents and develop human capacity. The bank’s funding intervention in support of exports has created and sustained total of 6, 000 jobs in the past few years, with the breakdown showing that in 2009, 25000 jobs were created; and in 2011, a total of 35,000 jobs were created. The bank’s support translated to additional developmental impact by way of foreign exchange generation to the tune of an average of US$100 million annually, making a total of US$200 million in the past years. On the interim, the bank is positioned to create and sustain over 15, 000 direct jobs and generate estimated forex of US$300 million. This is because funding intervention would be targeted at sectors with high employment potentialities like agriculture, entertainment/ creative art industry etc. According Orya, “In the last few years, the bank has supported the Nigerian non-oil export to the tune of N20billion. As regards to the funding intervention in

the next five years, the bank’s strategic plan projection is to support non-oil export sector to the following minimum level: from N41billion in 2012; we hope to expand N50billion by the end of 2013; 2014 would be N63billino, while we plan to support the non oil sector with N94billion by 2015.” He noted that the bank’s funding interventions thus far were for various entertainment value chains like distribution, exhibition infrastructure, digital studios and digital equipment as well as film production. On his part a veteran actor who did not want his name in print told our reporter that the intervention by NEXIM bank will go a long way in positioning the nation film industry to compete among their counterpart across the globe. He commended the effort of the institution at ensuring that the nation’s film industries compete favorably with other industries in terms modern equipment. Another school of thought within the stakeholders opined that part of the 3billion naira that the Federal government is injecting into the entertainment industry through the Nexim bank should be spent in formulating lasting policies that will help safeguard their creative works and ward off piracy which for now is one of the biggest challenges facing the industry. All these the management of Nexim bank under Robert Oryia have agreed to look into with the hope of formulating a lasting legacy that make the Nigeria entertainment industry one of best in the world. Aroh is a research Intelligence officer

Boko Haram: What is Comrade Shehu Sani up to? By Ola Lookman


f there is any good any Nigerian, irrespective of tribe, religion, colour or political persuasion could do for this country at this very moment is simply to support genuine efforts towards halting insurgency and other nefarious activities capable of threatening our continued existence as a nation. Like other nations, Nigeria is not immune to insecurity. Inshort, no present day country can deny the fact that it is not battling with one form of security challenge or the other. It is not peculiar to Nigeria alone. The difference however, is how individual nation handles its own. Interestingly, while citizens of other nations play key roles in ensuring the protection of lives and property by voluntarily supplying security establishments with vital information for necessary actions, the reverse appears to be the case in our own society. Citizens of such nations have since realized that security is everyone’s responsibility and not that of government alone. It appears some individuals are yet to accept the obvious fact that the dreaded Islamist group, Boko Haram group is not just an enemy of the government, but our common enemy as a people. We have every cause

to be worried by the number of innocent Nigerians we have so far lost in different attacks orchestrated by the group. I sincerely donot expect anyone to be comfortable with the alarming state of insecurity in the country. Recent revelations have shown that the Boko Haram group and its faceless adherents are enemies of both Muslim and Christian faithful. It is therefore shocking when Kaduna based Civil Rights activist, Comrade Shehu Sani blatantly faulted the Joint Military Task Force’s claim that Boko Haram leader, Abubakar Shekau may have died during a gun duel with the JTF. Comrade Sani, who in the said press conference in Kaduna challenged government to present late Shekau’s corpse if at all government wants to be taken serious, picked holes in government’s avowed determination to tackle insecurity frontally. His action is not just uncalled, but rather an attempt to portray the Nigerian military viz a viz the federal government as liars. The question is, what is comrade Sani out to achieve? Is it relevance or recognition? One cannot but admit that Comrade Sani has indeed betrayed the confidence many had reposed in him in the years gone. Expectedly, the flurry of

condemnations that have greeted Comrade Sani’s unpatriotic disposition is an indication that most Nigerians are happy with what the government is doing to stampout terrorism in the country. While right thinking Nigerians have no problem with Comrade Sani’s resolve to be heard, especially for his new found political party where he claimed he would use to contest for governor or senator, must he play dirty politics to the detriment of our security and innocent young civilian volunteers who are assisting the military in apprehending the volunteers. Many are rather disappointed by his resolve to be a cog in our wheel of progress, especially in the fight against insurgency, a development that has cost Nigeria both human and material resources. As part of deliberate effort to get to the root of our security challenges, the president Jonathan government has indeed opened its doors to all Nigerians to contribute their quota. The government believes strongly in the fact that all Nigerians should be part of running the affairs of the country. A landmark move made a few months back was the setting up of a Peace and Reconciliatory Committee

headed by the Special Duties Minister, Tanimu Turaki. The committee comprised of eminent Nigerians cut across the length and breath of the country. You will recall that government had included Comrade Shehu Sani in the said committee, but shockingly, the Comrade rejected his nomination for reasons that were not made public. Expectedly, many Nigerians, including this writer faulted Comrade Sani’s action. Many had expected him to offer his sound thoughts as well as enrich the committee’s deliberations by supplying them useful information. Instead, he turned down the offer. It never came to be so as he chose to distance himself from the committee. Having distanced himself from the committee for reasons only known to him, we had expected him to allow the committee handle her assignment without distraction. Comrade’s Sani’s present claims are rather in bad fate. Such an action is not expected of someone of Comrade Sani’s class and position. His present standpoint present him more as one who is so pleased with Boko Haram’s continued attacks on innocent Nigerians. This, no doubt is in sharp contrast with what Comrade Sani professes. A human rights crusader, the

world over cannot afford to watch any human being, no matter how lowly placed to be treated like an animal talk more of being killed unjustly. In sane societies where much premium is attached to human life, a life lost is seen as a fatal blow on humanity. We have every reason to be worried. This mindless bloodletting must be halted. This is simply not the Nigeria that our founding fathers so fought for with all they had to put in place. It is high time we stopped playing politics with lives. It is not about the government of the day, it is about the innocent lives that are been sent to premature graves in different parts of the country. Comrade Shehu Sani has indeed sank all time low in his recent outing. This is unexpected of a man who had sacrificed his comfort, joy, pleasure and risked his life in fighting military dictatorship in recent past. The point is, since he had declined to be part of those selected to bring the Boko Haram carnage to an end, we all expected him to remain silent and not to frustrate genuine efforts to end insurgency in Nigeria. Ola Lookman, a Member Youths Against Disaster Initiative



BU$ I # € SS NRC, ICNL, partnering to redefine cargo haulage by rail A

t a historic flag-off ceremony at the Arnold Peter Moller Terminals (APMT) in Apapa recently, the Nigerian Railways Corporation (NRC) and the foremost indigenous dry port operator in Nigeria, Inland Containers Nigeria Limited (ICNL) began the haulage of containers to ICNL ports in Kaduna and Kano. Suleiman Idris looks at the economic significance of the resumption of rail haulage to the Northern part of the country. The best way to appreciate the strategic milestone and significance of the re-activation of the container haulage train service from Lagos to the depots in Kaduna, Kano and other parts of the north is to imagine the deaths recorded on and the damage done to roads by lorries and articulated vehicles conveying goods to different parts of the country. Thus, the ceremony, which formalised the lifting of cargos from the port to the hinterlands, is a milestone and marked re-engagement and transformation of the rail system. The process also enhances government’s drive to decongest the ports. The partnership between NRC and ICNL to provide alternative means of transportation for cargo businesses, according to stakeholders, will boost trade in Kaduna, Kano and the neighbouring states. Besides, the NRC and ICNL will not only retain or win patronage but also encourage similar movement of goods when their performance is equal or better than the services provided by road transportation, which is currently the market leader. The chairman of ICNL, Mr. Tope Borishade put it in a better perspective while commenting on the benefits accruable to the economy: “Firstly, l must commend the federal government and NRC for this after 17 years of inactivity on the rail. Nigerian businesses suffered. Now, imagine the number of trucks this will take off the road. “All the congestion on Apapa road will reduce because the train can now carry the containers directly from the ports out of Lagos. It is a very new development and it is going to save Nigerians a lot of time. It will make businesses in the north more competitive. Further, those who want to export from the north to Lagos can also use the rail services.” On the effects on productions and expenses, Tope said “Because delivery will be timely then production line will carry out their own aspect timely as well, the goods will arrive the market on time. Of course, since there is no delay in delivery, you don’t expect extra cost because one thing about shipping is that if there is delay at any point, then liability follows leading increased demurrage and the likes. So, if there is swift evacuation of containers all of these will disappear”. NRC Managing Director, Mr. Adeseyi Sijuwade, who expressed satisfaction at the transformation and progress of works undertaken so far in revamping the rail networks across the country, said the partnership is indeed milestone for the corporation.

At a historic flag-off ceremony at the Peter Moller Terminals (APMT) Apapaof recentThe Central Bank of Nigeria inArnold January, 2012 kicked off the pilotinphase the ly, the Nigerian Railways Corporation (NRC) and the foremost indigenous dry port operator cashless policy, one of its monetary aimed controlling cash to inICNL the in Nigeria, Inland Containers Nigeria Limitedpolicies (ICNL) began theat haulage of containers circulation. Our , ADESOJI OYINLOLA, NGOZI ONYEAKUSI, ports in Kaduna andcorrespondents Kano. Suleiman Idris looks at the economic significance of the resumption of rail haulage to the Northern part of the country. FUNSHO ADEWALE, DAPO OLAWUNI AND EVABOR MARION report. “The NRC is in a new partnership with APM Terminal and one of our direct customers, the Inland Containers Nigerian Ltd for the haulages. Container train services were suspended more than 10 years ago because of our poor infrastructure. “With the support from the Federal Government, the NRC is, more than ever before, contributing to the economic growth and the development of the country. We are confident that with the involvement of a stronger railway in the evacuation of imported cargo, the impact of road trucks on the roads would be mitigated. “It is pertinent to mention that NRC is not relenting on its effort on increasing the market share that comes to the Corporation. We will be commencing the haulage of sugar, salt and other consumable products for Dangote Nigeria Limited with the service collaboration of ConnectRail Limited from Greenview Development Nig. Ltd. “Other services expected to commence in the near future include movement of Lafarge Cement in pallets using flat wagons (CBXs). Also, haulage of Automobile Gasoline Oil (AGO) for ConnectRail will commence next month followed by that for Total Petroleum. “In the same vein, ballast movement for CCECC from Sanusi to Apapa will commence and haulage of ballast for CRCC will commence from Apapa Quays to the wagon Assembly Depot in Apapa. The Corporation’s clientele is continuously growing making it evident that we are indeed back on track”. Stakeholders, who spoke at the event, also enumerated the advantages railway transport has over other means of passenger/goods transportation to include safety and speed. According to Sijuwade the average time needed to transport people or materials from Lagos to the northern part by rail will be quite competitive with other means of transportation. This will further improve by increasing train speeds, reducing the length of their routes in addition to capacity, comfort, environmental protection and reduction of traffic congestion. They agreed that rail transportation offers a significant economical advantage when shipping freight over long distances. This is because trains consume less fuel and can conveniently convey more goods than trucks. In general, rail shipping is between 3-4 times more efficient than shipping by truck. However, some have expressed concern over the cost implications but this was quickly dismissed by Tope Borishade. He said it will be cheaper for people to containers by rail: cheaper in terms of cost, less accident, damage of goods. Secondly, he said, ICNL is not just a company

that moves containers that people have already cleared. “We actually move your containers before it is cleared. We work hand in hand with the custom, if you are close to any of our terminals in Kaduna or Kano, we can take your document from your agents over there, you don’t need to leave the location, we will take it to Lagos and clear the container for you. “So the first time you see your container is when it is there in Kaduna or Kano. We have the equipment at the port here to ensure that everything is done timely and efficiently without any delay”. He said. While the impacts of market liberalisation have brought about a much broader range of interfaces between the sub-systems that make up the rail architecture, the need to

effectively manage those interfaces means better focus on responsibilities, improved standardisation and facilitated investments. Sijuwade said these when coupled with a strong safety culture are what would make a sound safety management system and thus better than any other aspect of commercial operation. Already, he said this has become an integral part of NRC’s business model. He said part of the investment in ensuring a safe environment for the transport includes the acquisition of two 100 ton telescopic cranes along with four newly acquired brand new locomotives that were also commissioned by the Chairman of the board of NRC, Alhaji Abubakar Baraje at the occasion. The four locomotives are self-

It is a very new development and it is going to save Nigerians a lot of time. It will make businesses in the north more competitive. Further, those who want to export from the north to Lagos can also use the rail services

loaded with on-board computer, double drivers’ panel with fully airconditioned cabins. The engine in each of the locomotives is Caterpillar’s 1800HP model 3512B engine with capability of a design speed of 100Kmph while the two railway cranes will be of immense use to both the Civil and Mechanical Engineering Departments of the Corporation in times of emergency recoveries and in the evacuation of heavy facilities. Different speakers identified challenges which need to be addressed in order to meet current demand for the rail transport. To one of these, Borishade explained that rail container movements is estimated to be 1, 000TEU monthly and requires a minimum of a 60 wagon train load movement every two days. But the current capacity for the haulage is less than 200TEU monthly. Accordingly, it was agreed that the federal government should urgently take steps to provide proper rail siding and appropriate loading bays and to expand the facilities to other terminals, such as Tincan Island port, Lillypond Container Terminals and the Kirikiri axis in Lagos. With this development, it port decongestion may at last be realised especially if the planned rail network expansion project is put on course. The government can collaborate with private investors in this regard and thus enhance the credibility of its plans and policies to reduce overburden of its major road network.



B u si n ess

FG, US partner to protect consumers By A’isha Biola Raji


o ensure consumer rights are protected against infringements by both producers and service providers, the Consumer Protection Council (CPC), Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and the United States’ Federal Trade Commission (FTC) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for bilateral cross-border cooperation on consumer protection matters. A statement by Deputy Director, Public Relations CPC Abiodun Obimuy-

iwa said the MOU, signed by the FTC Chairwoman, Edith Ramirez, the Director General of Consumer Protection Council (CPC), Mrs.Dupe Atoki and the Executive Chairman of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Mr. Ibrahim Lamorde at the FTC’s headquarters in Washington DC, was initiated on the strength of the fact that fraudulent and deceptive commercial practices against consumers undermine the integrity of both domestic and global markets. Commenting on the development, Mrs. Atoki stated that “we fully support

this collaboration on consumer and fraud matters, and have already detailed a senior CPC official to the FTC for a six-month staff exchange”. Her EFCC counterpart, Mr. Ibrahim Lamorde described the partnership as building on “our existing collaboration with the FTC and with U.S. criminal enforcement authorities” while the FTC Chairwoman, Edith Ramirez observed that the “MOU will help our agencies address this scourge” of cross-border scamming using fraudulent e-mails and other insidious scams to bilk consumers as well as to better protect consumers in both

countries. A statement, issued by the Consumer Protection Council, said the signing of the MOU by the three organizations is to engender the needed synergy and cooperation to fight such fraudulent and deceptive practices, which are detrimental to the interests of genuine businesses and consumers. According to the Council, the agreement will involve information sharing for investigations and law enforcement proceedings; civil/criminal investigative assistance; intelligence gathering and use of complaint data.

The agreement will also be used to enhance consumer education, while a joint implementation committee will be set up by the collaborating agencies for the execution of the MOU, the statement added. The FTC has already worked with the two Nigerian agencies on policy and enforcement matters in various fora, including the African Consumer Protection Dialogue, the International Mass Marketing Fraud Working Group, the London Action Plan (LAP, an anti-spam network), and the International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network.

NGO sensitises council staff on transparency


hairman, Anti-Corruption and Transparency Unit of the Shippers Council, Mr Samuel Vongtau has charged the council staff to uphold transparency. Vongtau reminded them that the promotion of fair trade practises in commercial shipping was an integral part of the council’s mandate. He gave the task while speaking at a one-day seminar in Bauchi with the theme ``Towards a Transparent and Corruption-Free System.’’ ``The theme was chosen after careful consideration to emphasise the need for personal participation by all staff in the effort toward prevention of corruption in our organisation,” he said. He added that it was necessary for all staff to exhibit high level of honesty, accountability and transparency in conducting their official duties. Vongtau, represented by Mrs Emoche Ogenyi from the headquarters of the council, said: ``We must let the public see that corruption has no place in our organisation.” In his address, Alhaji Hassan Bello, Executive Secretary of the council, said that the council’s management had encouraged and provided enabling environment for the unit to operate. Represented by Mr Bali Kparbong, he said that the unit was sensitising the council staff nationwide on transparency ideals. ``We have so far given the unit all the necessary support in terms of funding, releasing officers to attend to the unit’s matters and also to participate in activities organised by the ICPC.” Earlier, the Zonal Coordinator in the North-East, Mr Samuel Kaitanga, said that the choice of the theme tallied with Federal Government’s effort in promoting the transformation agenda. He said that patriotic citizens should know the importance of the ICPC in its contribution toward fighting corruption and other related matters in the country. (NAN)

L-R: Director Commercialization National Board for Technology Incubation (NBTI), Alhaji Isa Yusuf, Director General, Raw Materials Research and Development Council, Professor Azikiwe Peter Onwualu and Director, Technology Promotion and Commercialization, Dr. Danazumi Mohammed Ibrahim, at the Nigerien Knowledge Transfer Partnership (NKTP) Stakeholders Forum in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Isa

Lagos wants FG to revive manufacturing sector


he Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) has advised the Federal Government to hold a stakeholders meeting on ways to transform the manufacturing sector. Director-General of LCCI, Mr Muda Yusuf made the suggestion in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Lagos. He said that such meeting would enable government to formulate more favourable policies that would positively transform the manufacturing sector.

Yusuf said that improvement in the manufacturing sector would encourage vocational education and drastically reduce the rate of unemployment among youths. According to him, the meeting is necessary because the manufacturing sector only accounted for five per cent of the nation’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the last six months. ``The low output of the sector is due to policy somersault, multiple taxation, inconsistent power supply and illegal impor-

tation of goods into the country. ``These issues have lingered for so long and something has to be done to check them and rebound the industries,” Yusuf said. Yusuf suggested that the government should initiate more policies that would revive the manufacturing sector. He said the importation of fake textile materials and the harsh business environment had hindered the desired change in the textile industry. Yusuf said that the textile industry had

little or no sign of improvement even with the N100 billion intervention funds given to the sector. NAN recalls that Mr Herbert Ajayi, a former President of Nigerian Association of Chambers of Commerce, Mines, Agriculture and Industry (NACCIMA), said that about 800 Nigerian companies were shut down between 2009 and 2011. Ajayi said that the closure was due to harsh business environment, saying that many of those still in operating had serious challenges to be classified as ‘ailing.’(NAN)

Vodafone to sell off stake in Verizon


f Vittorio Colao could achieve only one thing as chief executive of Vodafone, he might wish to sort out the UK telecoms group’s messy American mobile venture with U.S. peer Verizon. Vodafone has now confirmed it is in talks to sell its 45 per cent stake in Verizon Wireless to its partner. A good deal here would represent a tremendous outcome for Colao.A Vodafone exit from Verizon Wireless has clear strategic logic. The group lacks control of the venture and the U.S. market is getting more competitive. Price has been an obstacle, says a person familiar with the situation. But the possible transaction value of

130 billion dollars, reported by Bloomberg, looks acceptable to the UK side. At about eight times Citi’s forecast EBITDA for 2014, it would be a slight premium to Verizon, reflecting Verizon Wireless’ higher quality earnings. A further obstacle is a possible capital gains tax bill for Vodafone, once estimated to be up to 30 billion dollars. In reality, this may be a lot less – Citi estimates only five billion dollars. That’s because Vodafone could structure the deal in a way that loads the liability on assets that have recently fallen in value. For Verizon, a deal is likely to enhance its earnings, while giving it the benefits of full control. The beginning of the end of low inter-

est rates is another reason to move since Verizon will have to borrow to fund the deal. A successful transaction would define Colao’s tenure at Vodafone. The eight per cent share price jump on Aug. 29 to 205 pence puts intense pressure on him to deliver, though. And his ability to do that may be hampered if Verizon’s shares now come under pressure, depressing the value of the paper element of any offer. A desirable and plausible outcome would be that Vodafone gets around 6070 billion dollars of cash with the balance split equally between preference shares and Verizon stock. There is a risk that Colao would still

squander the bonanza proceeds on illjudged expansion. But the cash could fund a substantial Vodafone share buyback. The post-Verizon Vodafone would be a smaller, better capitalised business more capable of paying progressive dividends and driving European consolidation. But the current share price still only assumes a deal worth 115 billion dollars – if the rump trades in line with European peers. If Colao gets a better price, and gives shareholders the proceeds, all well and good. For now, the market has pushed the shares up high enough. (Reuters/NAN)




North marginalized under Jonathan —Dansudu Alhaji Shuaibu Ado Dansudu is the National Coordinator, Arewa United Consultative Forum (AUCF) and National Vice Chairman, Arewa Youths Development Association, (AYDA). In this interview with our Lagos correspondent, Ayodele Samuel, Dansudu who is also the chairman of Hausa Community of Oke-Odo Market in Agege Local Government Area of Lagos State argues that the North is being marginalized under President Jonathan, among other issues. Excerpts: the North is clamouring for power Sir,come 2015, what is your view on this? The person who will rule this country and

save us from the current mess should be a northerner. President Jonathan is not performing. Look at the two years of Yar’adua and what he did. Compared to Jonathan’s four years in office, the current government has not performed one percent of what the late Yar’Adua did in this country. When Yar’Aadua came, the first thing he did was to reduce the fuel price and brought peace to Niger Delta but when Jonathan wants to pay us back, he increased fuel price and forced state of emergency in the northern states. Many people are suffering and they are now homeless, no communication and no bank, and where there is no bank, there is no business, and if there is no business, there is no money or food, no good health which leads to death; people are dying massively in those states where there is state of emergency. The type of state of emergency he enforced made him kill many innocent people. Everybody in the north is not Boko Haram. There was no problem in Adamawa why should a state of emergency be enforced in the state? Are you saying the insurgents cannot be tackled by declaring a State of Emergency? The Boko Haram is a hidden agenda against the northern states. The first agenda started when Henry Okah spoke on the conspiracy, and after that failed, Andrew Azazi said it was PDP that was behind the Boko Haram. Who are the PDP, who are the head of the PDP, the late Andrew Azazi , may his soul rest in peace, was not asked to bring his evidence, they did not ask him why he said what he said,

Alhaji Shuaibu Dansudu they just sacked him. Orji Uzor Kalu said the Federal government is sponsoring Boko Haram, nobody has asked the former Abia state governor on his claims. Everybody just kept quiet so you automatically know it is a hidden

agenda against the north. After that, the committee on Dialogue and Peaceful Resolution with Boko Haram was set up, and the committee said they have made some discovery and we believe there are some honest Nigerians in that committee who can tell the truth, tell Nigerians what is happening and expose anybody who has hand in the crises. To our surprise, we just heard that a state of emergency was declared, when the committee had began work. The state of emergency just came as a cover up because if the dialogue committee continues meeting with the leaders of the so called Boko Haram, some secret would be exposed but let them declare emergency and the secret will be covered and all the people have mentioned Kalu, Azazi and Henry Okah are not Muslims they are just saying the truth . Why do you think any government would be sponsoring this crisis against its people? Yes, if they do not put problem to the north, they know if the north is north united they would not achieve what they want to achieve that is why they are trying to destabilize the north, that is why they are enforcing problem in the north for it not to unite. those soldier they posted to the north states would remain their till after 2015, they won’t be recall back they would stay they as Federal Government agents, so the solders are there for the election, so that the people would be terrify and not come out to vote and they would rig the election, if the people say no, you know what will happen to them that is the game plan. You are in Nigeria when someone said that Jonathan election is do or die , but the North is not to do or die, we are to do and win, we are not practicing dictator-

ship in Nigeria it is democracy and nobody can threaten us to surrender, no , its is our own cake Jonathan is sharing. During an interview with the president said he was not negotiating with boko haram they asked him what of the committee he said no negotiation he just brought in an excuse nobody understands. The north has been marginalized by the Jonathan government ; the Ministry of Niger Delta , NDDC and they are being given more money than other ministries, even some local governments in the Niger Delta are getting more money than some states in the north, even including the south west, why, we are been cheated because this oil they are talking about is a joint venture. We used groundnut oil and cotton money from the north, Cocoa money from the West to start oil exploration in the South South , after we have set up the company should one region lay claim to ownership, It is the negligence of the northern legislator which they allow to give some percentage to the local communities in Niger Delta because one state from the North is more than two in the South South and what are they using the money for in their states ,with the money they get in NDDC, Ministry of Niger Delta, upon the money the oil company is giving to them, what are they using it for? go to Kano and Lagos and see the development going on there, but in the Niger Delta some people are just stealing them, it’s not affecting the people. You said the North is been marginalized, how Yes, northern states are been marginalized , Is the north that is been faces with insecurity, I believed if most of the Service Chiefs are from the North, they would know how better to handle the issue we get senate president and speaker of the house, all of them is not up to one service chief , if you say we have the IGP but the Police Service Commission is ahead of him and the Ministry of Police Affairs , and that is why you see a lot of indiscipline in the Police Force because many of them has brothers in the Police Service Commission , so they will be misbehaving and nothing would happen, let them give the police a free hand to operate and see how things would change. Even President Jonathan marginalized the North by contesting in 2011, if Jonathan said he has only used two years in office and he can’t confront the problems, what happen to the two years of Yar’Adua tenure , after finishing Yar’Adua tenure, he should not have contest, he should have allowed the north to complete its tenure, then he should come back to contest, the North would have supported him

Why Jonathan, Tukur must stop Suntai cabal now, by former Minister Dr. Mrs. Salome Audu Jankada is a former Minister of Water Resources and later Youth Development, from Taraba state. The member of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) spoke on the power play by the cabals over Governor Danbaba Suntai’s health issues. In this interview with Journalists in Abuja, she urged the President Goodluck Jonathan and PDP National chairman, Dr. BamagaTukur to intervene to prevent the state degenerating into total chaos. Stanley Onyekwere was there. Excerpts:


hat exactly would you want done to resolve the ongoing power tussle in Taraba? They should know that Nigeria’s constitution is supreme, that even the president answers to it. We are saying that Danbaba Suntai if he is well as it is claimed by the cabal should come out and address the nation. Secondly; I’m aware that the state assembly has requested the governor to appear before it. He should oblige them. And thirdly, they (cabal) have alleged that Suntai has written a letter informing them of his intention to resume office, since the state assembly wants him to appear before it, is that asking for too much? The president and the national chairman of the PDP should protect the interest of the people of Taraba. Taraba is a PDP state, which means the Party leadership cannot be aloof because the matter has taken a ugly dimension. The religious dimension to it is not what we want. I’m a mother, and when it happens, it is my children that will die; it is my husband and

even myself that would be directly affected. They (Suntai’s cabal) are now trying to take us back to what happened during the late Yar’Adua’s saga, but that is not right. As a nation, the constitution is meant for us, we are not meant for the constitution. So if they had seen that there was a deficiency that played out during the late Yar’Adua era, (may his soul rest in peace) that thing should have been corrected. For somebody to write a letter, he must mentally and physically strong, which may not be the case with Suntai. In fact, we the concerned Tarabans are going to take up the issue of the letter, because we have reported to the inspector General of Police (IGP) that the letter may have been actually forged. I can say authentically that Danbaba Suntai cannot even move his hand. So who signed the letter? That’s what Tarabans would want to know! Somebody must have signed the said letter. This scenario is a repeat of late Yar’Adua of power tussle, how can this

tackled once and for all? When a similar thing happened during the late Yar’Adua’s era, and unfortunately he died Jonathan automatically took over power. And in Kaduna state, when then Governor, Namadi Sambo moved to Abuja as the Vice President, late Yakowa took over power, and nothing happened. But this is not to say that we are waiting for Suntai’s death, before power can be transferred to the next in command. We want our dying governor to recover, as I would neither wish that Hauwa become a widow nor the five children to become orphans. But what we are saying is that he is incapacitated: he cannot speak, cannot walk, cannot even look at anybody, and don’t even know his environment. It is not acceptable. Who are the cabals that are working against the interest of the people? At least we know that one of the stumbling blocks is the governor’s wife, who does not value the life of her husband. I’m a woman. I know what the love of a husband is, including that of children. Therefore, I will put them first above any other thing in my life. If she has not played along with the cabals, they would not have imposed their will on the governor. I will confidently tell you that she is the one who dictates who sees her husband or not. If he is well enough, why stop any body from seeing him? The other cabal is led by Senator Emmanuel Buwcha, from the southern zone. He has been the arrowhead in this whole issued is Senator Emmanuel Bwacha. There is no need, hiding his name any

Dr. Jankada longer, because he is the number one. He is acting in concert with the chairman of the state PDP, whose allegiance should be to the Acting governor. He should have played with whoever comes along. These are the two arrowheads in the whole power saga. All the others are still hiding. We cannot sit down and watch them ruin Taraba state. We know when things like this happened no one will be spared.



Ridding Benin of destitute, beggars From Osaigbovo Iguobaro, Benin


ay back in 2009 when he rolled out his marshal plan in Edo State, few months after he retrieved his stolen mandate in court, Governor, Adams Oshiomhole considered the need to begin his urban renewal` scheme in the ancient Benin; bestriding the lowland of Oredo, Egor and IkpobaOkha valleys, consisting the three Metropolitan local government councils of the State. According to him, ``Benin City is ancient in history, but, we will work hard to make it a true modern Capital city every Nigerian, particularly any visitor that has long visited the State to see that there is a change’’. As part of the step to free the State from the shadow cast by past administrations, the government renamed the popular King square, which the State government renamed Oba Ovoramwen’s Square along with Custain Isonorho Street in Benin which have now brought about the restoration of night life which has eluded residents in the area for over three decades also saw the naming Custain Isonorho Street after ``Ghani Fawehinmi layout’’ by Governor Oshiomhole who has further taken concrete steps to extend a similar initiative to another 13 Streets and the remodelled 5 juncture in Benin. The growing number of persons with mental disorder and destitute largely made up of migrant Malians, Nigeriens Children and Wives living on contaminated food chain undermines acceptable norm of the beautification plan. Bearing witness to this unspeakable fact, these people fondly called ``beggars’’ live on alms loiter at strategic places, harass pedestrians and motorists on Benin-Ore Lagos Road, Ramat Park, Aduwawa, Murtala Muhammed (MM) way in Ikpoba Okha local government area, King Square, Sapele, Mission. Other adjourning Streets as well as New Benin in Benin City, markets. Undoubtedly, the restoration of night life to the City by the State government, arising from the adorable Streets light which makes dusk sets it late, making it practically possible by mentally retarded people to cohabit with Street traders and hawkers at the king Square. The alleged withdrawal of the services of by members of a Non Governmental organisation (NGO) and other private volunteers -``Friends of Psychiatric hospital’’, Uselu, Benin City occasioned by due to changes in Government policies. The rise in mental illness among youths could be as a result of the ``favourable condition for the cultivation of such as Narcotic, heroin cannabis sativa amongst others harmful drugs’’ according to Edo State commander of the National Drug Law enforcement Agency (NDLEA), Alhaji Sani I. Sani, accounts for the alarming figures of mental disorder among youths. As the year goes by, the effects of such drug abuse now translate into ``psychosis’’ as unconfirmed reports that some of these defenceless female vagrant migrants are victims of sexual abuse and rituals. Notwithstanding, there are concerns that ``hydra-headed’’ approach of other concern agencies of Governments at all level and

New face of Benin corruption among personnel charged with the responsibilities of rehabilitating them at accredited counselling centres. Peoples Daily check revealed that only a handful out of over 70 destitute harvested by Lagos and dumped at Ovbiogie community in Edo State government in 2009. The Birthday gift coincided with Governor, Adams Oshiomhole one year anniversary survived to tell the story of what hit and run vehicles did to those they were ferried together in lorry truck. iven the challenges ahead, the State government set up the committee on War Against Indiscipline (WAI) headed by Engr Babatunde Olukoga. The efforts of the committee to rid the City of An official believed to be WAI official, alleged to have used horse whip amounts to breach of fundamental human rights of the defenceless people. The Medical Director of Federal Neuro Psychiatric hospital, Dr Sunday Osasu Olotu cited delay in criminal justice system, change in government policies, unnecessary anxiety among youths and high level of unemployment as most disturbing factor responsible for the upsurge in psychosis disorder in society. Olotu, however noted that the hospital through an insurance scheme had rehabilitated scores of the destitute off the Street, following the voluntary donation of monthly donation of (one hundred Naira) N100 by each Staff of the hospital which was channelled into procuring drugs and treatment for the patients. He said due to changes in government policies, the management of the hospital decided to streamline the number persons with mental disorder due to paucity of funds in line with what is provided for through the support of trained and competent voluntary social health workers. According to him, ``regular 30 minutes exercise at least three times in a week is necessary for healthy living’’, explaining that ``change in attitude to life and favourable


policies of government that will tackle unemployment problem in the country. cross session of Religious Leaders in Edo State appear divided in their views on what went wrong and what should be done to restore back the values the State has been known for in the past. A Cleric with Christ’s chosen church of God said: ``through prayers and fasting cured a lot of persons with mental disorder at their healing home on Benin Agbor Road Cathedral complex, Ikpoba in Benin’’ free of charge. President, National association of Nigerian traditional Medical practitioners (NANTMP), Chief Omon Oleabhiele, said he is in partnership with Edo State government in treating cases of mental disorder. “`There are a lot of persons who were mad before which I treated with herbs and became well and some of them are now married at my traditional healing home’’, according to him, ``Edo State government knows what to do about mad people at Ring Road’’. He admitted that Nigeria is unlike other third world nations and the Peoples Republic of China where traditional herbal practitioners are given recognition to enjoy patent Rights whenever they make breakthrough in Research and treatment of certain ailment.


A Medical social worker, Roselyn Bozimo alleged that ``due to persistent refusal by most parents to allow privileged persons in society to either take them off the Streets for meaningful ventures or engage the services the Children among them for domestic work and be paid remain a puzzle. “`The Ministry of women Affairs should be alive to their responsibility. Every year, millions of Naira is been appropriated into somebody’s care, yet, they keep telling us what they want people to hear instead of doing what those who elected them want them to do’’, she enthused. Apparently determined to But the State Commissioner for women Affairs, Blessing Maigida said the government of Adams Oshiomhole is leaving no stone on turn to get rid off Benin Metropolis. To this end, the State government has engaged the services of some ``consultants to rehabilitate people with mental disorder’’. efore the former State commissioner for Women Affairs, Dr (Mrs) Inumidun Idehen was shown the exit door by Governor Oshiomhole on allegations bothering on anti-party activities shortly before his re-election on July 14 2012. The Ministry rehabilitated over 14 destitute including undisclosed number of mentally deranged persons. But bare one week later, the


Bearing witness to this unspeakable fact, these people fondly called ``beggars’’ live on alms loiter at strategic places, harass pedestrians and motorists on Benin-Ore Lagos Road, Ramat Park, Aduwawa, Murtala Muhammed (MM) way in Ikpoba Okha local government area, King Square, Sapele, Mission. Other adjourning Streets as well as New Benin in Benin City, markets.

number tripled. In response to the challenges, authorities of Oredo local government council began to build iron fences around the hedges and flower pots as part of effort to prevent lunatics from denigrating the king square. Obviously, the over bearing activities some criminally-minded miscreants including pick pockets at the various motor parks stretching from New Benin and Ekiosa markets, as well as Oba markets area in Benin appear to have overwhelmed the law enforcement Agencies in Edo. Reports of extortion and harassment coupled with the uncoordinated motor parks are no longer promising. Consequently, the alleged inability by concern authorities to bring a sigh of containment on the activities of those Brigands a psychologist described as a port of mix grill. One year down memory lane as incumbent Governor, the State urban renewal drive is fast becoming a ticking time bomb in the heart of a City that swells everyday under the guise of the pleasure offered by nature, particularly, the King Square at night is stating the obvious. The situation appears to be growing from bad to worse due to improper disposals among residents occupying the business district in Oredo local government. hen the State governor paid an unscheduled visit to the water fountain at king square in 2012, apparently miffed by the stench emanating from an authorised fish pond cited with the Museum ground housing the water fountain; he immediately ordered the closure of the water fountain and announced the sack of the former Permanent Secretary, Edo State Ministry of Environment and public utilities, Alhaji Allassan Ikheloa for alleged complicity. The re-introduction of the monthly sanitation exercise which he earlier suspended to complement the compulsory markets in the State held between the hours of 7-10am every Monday.





Famous landmaks across the world

Eiffel Tower, Paris The Eiffel Tower rises above Paris. It was built for the World’s Fair in 1889 by French engineer Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, who designed it as a cross-braced, latticed girder with minimum wind resistance. Constructed from over 6,300 metric tons (7,000 tons) of highest quality wrought iron, it is a masterpiece of wrought-iron technology. Hideo Kurihara/Getty Images Culver Pictures

The Berlin Wall The Berlin Wall was constructed in 1961 to keep East Germans from fleeing their Communist state. For 28 years the wall symbolized tensions between the Soviet bloc and the West until it was torn down in 1989. This photo shows soldiers standing guard over bricklayers building the wall, top left; Germans wielding tools to dismantle the wall in 1989, top right; and a graffiti-covered gun tower standing in the rubble, bottom. DPA/ Archive PhotosREUTERS/CORBIS-BETTMANNEarl Young/FPG International, LLC

Original White House United States President John Adams and his family were the first to live in the White House in Washington, D.C., pictured here as it looked about that time. They moved there in November 1800. But the name White House did not become official until 1901, when United States President Theodore Roosevelt had the name engraved on his stationery. Culver Pictures

Red Square Red Square in Moscow is probably the most famous place in all of Russia. To the left are the onion-shaped domes of St Basil’s Cathedral. To the right is the red-brick wall in front of the Kremlin—the home of the Russian parliament. In the past the square itself was known for May Day marches, when thousands of troops paraded up and down every year showing off Soviet military power. Tass/The Image Works Culver Pictures

Great Wall of China The Great Wall stretches across northern China. It consists of a series of walls built by the Ming dynasty in the 15th and 16th centuries to protect China against invasions from the north. The strongest walls were built near Beijing, the Ming capital. Sections of the Great Wall, including this part near Beijing, have been restored, mainly for purposes of tourism. Wolfgang Kaehler

White House, North Portico The White House, in Washington, D.C., is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the United States. The White House contains 132 rooms, but only 7 of these are open to public tours. White House Historical Association




Geoffrey Chaucer (1343?-1400) INTRODUCTION eoffrey Chaucer (1343?-1400), was one of the greatest English poets, whose masterpiece, The Canterbury Tales, was one of the most important influences on the development of English literature. His life is known primarily through records pertaining to his career as a courtier and civil servant under the English kings Edward III and Richard II. The son of a prosperous London wine merchant, Chaucer may have attended the Latin grammar school of Saint Paul’s Cathedral and may have studied law at the Inns of Court. In 1357 he was page to the countess of Ulster, Elizabeth, the wife of Prince Lionel, third son of Edward III; there, he would have learned the ways of the court and the use of arms. By 1367 Chaucer was an esquire to Edward. About 1366 he married Philippa Roet, a lady-in-waiting to the queen and afterward in the service of John of Gaunt, who was duke of Lancaster and Edward’s fourth son. Chaucer served as controller of customs for London from 1374 to 1386 and clerk of the king’s works from 1389 to 1391, in which post he was responsible for maintenance of royal buildings and parks. About 1386 Chaucer moved from London to a country residence (probably Greenwich), where in 1386 he was justice of the peace and representative to Parliament. He traveled on several diplomatic missions to France, one to Spain in 1366, and two to Italy from 1372 to 1373 and in 1378. In the last year of his life, Chaucer leased a house within the precincts of Westminster Abbey. After his death, he was buried in the Abbey (an honor for a commoner), in what has since become the Poets’ Corner. EARLY WORKS Chaucer wrote for and may have read his works aloud to a select audience of fellow courtiers and officials, which doubtless sometimes included members of the royal family. The culture of the English upper class was still predominantly French, and Chaucer’s earliest works were influenced by the fashionable French poets Guillaume de Machaut and Jean Froissart and by the great 13th-century dream allegory Le Roman de la Rose, by the French poets Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meun. The common theme of these works is courtly love. Chaucer claimed to have translated Le Roman de la Rose, but if he did, all that survives is a fragment. His first important original work, The Book of the Duchess, is an elegy for John of Gaunt’s first wife, Blanche, who died in 1369. In a dream the poet encounters a grieving knight in black (Gaunt) who movingly recounts his love and loss of “good fair White” (Blanche). The House of Fame and The Parlement of Foules, also dream poems, show the influence of Dante and of Giovanni Boccaccio, whose works Chaucer probably encountered on his first journey to Italy. The unfinished House of Fame gives a humorous account of the poet’s frustrating journey in the claws of a giant golden eagle (the idea is from Dante) to the palace of the goddess Fame. In The Parlement he witnesses an inconclusive debate about love among the different classes of birds. All three dream visions, written from about 1373 to about 1385, contain a mixture of comedy and serious speculation about the puzzling nature of love. In this period, Chaucer also translated and adapted religious, historical, and philosophical works: a life of Saint Cecilia; a series of medieval “tragedies,” brief lives of famous men cast down by adverse fortune; a translation of De Consolatione Philosophiae (The Consolation of Philosophy), written by the Roman philosopher Anicius Boethius to proclaim his faith in divine justice and providence. The latter work profoundly influenced Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde (1385?) and The Knight’s Tale, both adapted from romances by Boccaccio. Troilus, a poem of more than 8000 lines, is Chaucer’s major work besides The Canterbury Tales. It is the tragic love story of the Trojan prince Troilus, who wins Criseyde (Cressida), aided by the machinations of his close friend, her uncle Pandarus, and then loses her to the Greek warrior Diomede. The love story turns into a deeply felt medieval tragedy, the human pursuit of transitory earthly ideals that pale into insignificance beside the eternal love of God. The poem ends with the narrator’s solemn advice to young people to flee vain loves and turn their hearts to Christ. Chaucer’s characters are psychologically so complex that the work has also been called the first modern novel. In the Prologue to The Legend of Good Women (1386?), another dream vision, the god of love accuses Chaucer of heresy for writing of Criseyde’s unfaithfulness and assigns him the penance of writing the lives of Cupid’s martyrs—faithful women who died for love. After completing eight of these legends, Chaucer probably abandoned the work and by 1387 was engaged on his masterpiece. THE CANTERBURY TALES The Tales is a collection of stories set within a framing story of a pilgrimage to Canterbury Cathedral, the shrine of Saint Thomas à Becket. The poet joins a band of pilgrims, vividly described in the General Prologue, who assemble at the Tabard Inn outside London for the journey to Canterbury. Ranging in status from a Knight to a humble Plowman, they are a microcosm of 14th-century English society. The Host proposes a storytelling contest to pass the


Geoffrey Chaucer Fourteenth-century English poet and public servant Geoffrey Chaucer wrote verse renowned for its humor, understanding of human character, and innovations in poetic vocabulary and meter. His masterpiece, The Canterbury Tales (1387-1400), tells the tale of English people on a pilgrimage to Saint Thomas à Becket’s shrine at Canterbury. The pilgrims emerge as complex characters through the stories they tell and through their interactions, which serve as transitions between the different tales. This excerpt from the Tales (read by an actor) comes from “The General Prologue,” in which Chaucer introduces the characters and establishes the framework of the poem. (p) 1992 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved./Culver Pictures time; each of the 30 or so pilgrims (the exact number is unclear) is to tell four tales on the round trip. Chaucer completed less than a quarter of this plan. The work contains 22 verse tales (two unfinished) and two long prose tales; a few are thought to be pieces written earlier by Chaucer. The Canterbury Tales, composed of more than 18,000 lines of poetry, is made up of separate blocks of one or more tales with links introducing and joining stories within a block. The tales represent nearly every variety of medieval story at its best. The special genius of Chaucer’s work, however, lies in the dramatic interaction between the tales and the framing story. After the Knight’s courtly and philosophical romance about noble love, the Miller interrupts with a deliciously bawdy story of seduction aimed at the Reeve (an officer or steward of a manor); the Reeve takes revenge with a tale about the seduction of a miller’s wife and daughter. Thus, the tales develop the personalities, quarrels, and diverse opinions of their tellers. The prologues and tales of the Wife of Bath and the Pardoner are high points of Chaucer’s art. The Wife, an outspoken champion of her gender against the traditional antifeminism of the church, initiates a series of tales about sex, marriage, and nobility (“gentilesse”). The Pardoner gives a chilling demonstration of how his eloquence in the pulpit turns the hope of salvation into a vicious confidence game. Although Chaucer in this way satirizes the abuses of the church, he also includes a number of didactic and religious tales, concluding with the good Parson’s sermon on penitence; this is followed by a personal confession in which Chaucer “retracts” all his secular writings, including Troilus, and those Canterbury tales that “incline toward sin.” Like the ending of Troilus, the retraction is a reminder that Chaucer’s genius was always subject to orthodox piety. SIGNIFICANCE Chaucer greatly increased the prestige of English as a literary language and extended the range of its poetic vocabulary and meters. He was the first English poet to use the seven-line stanza in iambic pentameter known as rhyme royal and the couplet later called heroic. His system of versification, which depends on sounding many e’s in final syllables that are silent (or absent) in modern English, ceased to be understood by the 15th century. Nevertheless, Chaucer dominated the works of his 15th-century English followers and the so-called Scottish Chaucerians. For the Renaissance, he was the English Homer. Edmund Spenser paid tribute to him as his master; many of the plays of William Shakespeare show thorough assimilation of Chaucer’s comic spirit. John Dryden, who modernized several of the Canterbury tales, called Chaucer the father of English poetry. Since the founding of the Chaucer Society in England in 1868, which led to the first reliable editions of his works, Chaucer’s reputation has been securely established as the English poet best loved after Shakespeare for his wisdom, humor, and humanity. Contributed By: Alfred David

QUICK FACTS Geoffrey Chaucer English poet Birth 1343? Death October 25, 1400 Place of Birth London, England (?) Known for Increasing the prestige of English as a literary language, through his contributions to early English literature Introducing rhyme royal, a seven-line stanza in iambic pentameter, to English poetry Milestones 1357 Served as a page to Elizabeth, Countess of Ulster 1359 Went to France with King Edward III’s army and was soon after taken prisoner. He was ransomed in 1360. 1367 Appointed to a position in the king’s service 1369? Wrote the elegy The Book of the Duchess following the death of Blanche, Duchess of Lancaster 1370s-1380s Wrote the unfinished poem The House of Fame and the love poems The Parlement of Foules and Troilus and Criseyde 1374-1386 Served as controller of customs for London 1387-1400 Wrote The Canterbury Tales, a collection of 24 stories told during a pilgrimage to the shrine of Thomas à Becket in Canterbury 1389-1391 Served as clerk of the king’s works Did You Know By writing in English at a time when other poets were using French and Latin, Chaucer influenced the recognition of English as a literary language. In the 1360s and 1370s, Chaucer went on numerous diplomatic missions to Europe. Chaucer was elected to Parliament in 1386 and served for one year. Chaucer is buried in the Poets’ Corner in Westminster Abbey.




Britain says no to Syria intervention …as US considers next step


ritain will not join any military action against Syria after a stunning parliamentary defeat on Thursday of a government motion on the issue, dealing a setback to U.S.-led efforts to punish Damascus over the use of chemical weapons against civilians. Following a 285-272 vote against a motion by British Prime Minister David Cameron to authorize a military response in principle, British Defense Secretary Philip Hammond confirmed Britain would not be involved in any action against Syria. Hammond said key ally Washington would be disappointed that Britain “will not be involved,” although adding, “I don’t expect that the lack of British participation will stop any action. But he told BBC TV, “It’s certainly going to place some strain on the special relationship,” referring to ties with Washington. U.S. officials suggested President Barack Obama would be willing to proceed with limited actions against Syria even without specific promises of allied support because U.S. national security interests are at stake. “President Obama’s decision-making will be guided by what is in the best interests of the United States,” White

House spokeswoman Caitlin Hayden said in a statement after the British vote. “He believes that there are core interests at stake for the United States and that countries who violate international norms regarding chemical weapons need to be held accountable.” U.S. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said Washington would continue seeking out an international coalition to act together on Syria. “It is the goal of President Obama and our government ... whatever decision is taken, that it be an international collaboration and effort,” Hagel said during a trip to the Philippines, adding the United States would continue to consult with Britain. In a briefing with senior lawmakers on Thursday, Obama administration officials said they had “no doubt” chemical weapons were used in Syria and that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s government had used them, U.S. Representative Eliot Engel, who participated in the call, told Reuters. Britain’s Cameron, saying he would not override the will of parliament, said it was clear that lawmakers did not want to see a military strike on the Syrian government to punish it for a chemical weapons attack in the suburbs of Da-

PM David Cameron mascus last week. Asked by Labour leader Ed Miliband whether he would promise not to circumvent parliament and authorize military action, Cameron said: “I can give that assurance. I strongly believe in the need for a tough response to the use

of chemical weapons, but I also believe in respecting the will of this House of Commons.” The parliamentary vote reflected deep misgivings stemming from Britain’s involvement in the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

DRC rebels announce troop withdrawal


he M23 rebel movement in the Democratic Republic of Congo will be withdrawing troops from the frontline of fighting with Congolese and UN forces, according to the group’s chief. Bertrand Bisimwa, the civilian president of M23, said yesterday that

his troops were withdrawing in order to allow what he called independent verifiers to enter the area of the battle to assess where shells had fallen in the nearby city of Goma and across the border in Rwanda. He denied that his troops were withdrawing because of battlefield

UN forces in the DRC

casualties, an assertion that the government made. Bisimwa did not clarify how far back the M23 would be withdrawing, Al Jazeera’s Malcom Webb reported from the eastern city of Goma. The withdrawal comes a day after a UN peacekeeper was killed and another seven wounded in fighting between the M23 and UN-assisted Congolese forces. The fighting was some of the fiercest in the week since the newly created UN intervention brigade went on the offensive, and one Tanzanian peacekeeper was killed after the rebels aimed artillery fire at their position, the UN said in a statement. The UN said on Thursday that it had also established that there were “consistent and credible reports” of Rwandan troops entering the Democratic Republic of Congo to back the M23 rebels. Rwanda has consistently denied supporting the rebels. It accused its Central African neighbour of persistently shelling into its territory and said such “provocation” could no longer be tolerated.

Deputy UN peacekeeping chief Edmond Mulet briefed the UN Security Council on the situation and said that the UN mission in Congo - known as MONUSCO - had seen only the M23 rebels shelling into Rwanda, according to Deputy French Ambassador Alexis Lamek. Following Thursday’s fighting near the Kibati village, about 15km from provincial capital Goma, the rebels said that they remained committed to finding a peaceful solution to the conflict. The UN involvement in the latest flare-up of violence is in sharp contrast to November, when the UN peacekeeping mission stood by as the rebels overtook Goma because their mandate was only to protect civilians. The stepped-up 3,000-strong UN intervention brigade, created by the Security Council in March, is authorised to take the offensive against the rebels. Even as forces hit rebel positions, UN officials continued to send mixed messages about the extent of their involvement, repeatedly saying they were merely “backing” or “supporting” the Congolese military, rather than leading the offensive themselves.

Egypt protests despite crackdown


gypt’s Muslim Brotherhood has called for nationwide protests against military-backed interim government despite severe crackdown on its leadership. The Brotherhood’s call for mass protests and sit-ins will test how much the security crackdown has crippled the group and if they can still mobilise their base. Egypt’s security forces have increased their presence in the streets ahead of the planned demonstrations and accused the Islamist group of using rallies to create chaos. The Interior Ministry said in a nationally televised statement on Thursday that its forces would deal with “firmness” against acts that threaten national security, and that police had orders to use deadly force in defence of public and private property. The ministry said that the Brotherhood’s calls are aimed at stirring chaos. The Brotherhood released a four-page statement in Arabic on Thursday, part of which called on security forces to disobey orders “to kill”. Authorities continued to hunt down senior Islamist leaders, arresting two top Brotherhood figures, including Mohamed el-Beltagy on Thursday. Beltagy, a former member of parliament and head of the Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party, was wanted on accusations that he incited violence and had been on the run for nearly three weeks. Some fear Friday’s protests could tailspin into another bout of violence. Bloodshed in Egypt peaked on August 14 when police, backed by snipers and bulldozers, attacked two Brotherhoodled sit-ins in the capital, Cairo, protesting against July 3 military ouster of Mohamed Morsi, country’s first democratically elected president. The move caused days of nationwide violence that has killed more than 1,000 people, most of them Morsi’s supporters. Many retaliated by attacking police stations, torching churches and setting government buildings on fire. Meanwhile, in an interview with The Associated Press, a leader of a former armed group, Gamaa Islamiya, Abboud el-Zommor, urged both Muslim Brotherhood and military to make “concessions” and acknowledged that both are responsible for the bloodshed. “There were miscalculations,” he said about the Brotherhood alliance refusing to disband the sit-in before state crackdown. El-Zommor said he met with military generals and Brotherhood members who both welcomed his call to take measures to stop escalations. “We noticed that the military is willing to find an exit knowing the dangers of continuation of the struggle,’’ he said.

Indonesia upholds death sentence for UK woman


ndonesia’s highest court has upheld the death sentence for a British woman convicted of smuggling $2.5 million worth of cocaine into the resort island of Bali, a court official has said. A three-member judge panel unanimously rejected Lindsay June Sandiford’s appeal, the Supreme Court spokesman Ridwan Mansur said yesterday. The 57-year-old woman was found guilty in January by a district court for smuggling 4.79kg of cocaine into Bali and sentenced to face a firing squad. She lost an appeal three months

later after the Bali High Court upheld the lower court’s ruling. A spokesman for the British embassy in Jakarta, Adam Rutland, said consular assistance would continue to be provided to Sandiford and her family. “We are aware that Lindsay Sandiford’s appeal to the Indonesian Supreme Court has been denied,” Adam Rutland, spokesman for the British Embassy in Jakarta, said in an email. “In line with our strong opposition to the death penalty in all circumstances, we will consider how to support any

application for judicial review or clemency that Lindsay Sandiford chooses to make.” Prosecutors had initially sought 15 years in prison for Sandiford, but the court surprised many by issuing a death sentence. Under Indonesian law, Sandiford still has the opportunity to avoid execution, a judicial review of the top court’s decision or a presidential pardon. But death row convicts in Indonesia rarely have their sentences reduced. The British woman was sentenced

to death after cocaine was found in her suitcase as she arrived on a flight from Bangkok in May last year. Four other defendants - three British and an Indian - connected to the case were sentenced to jail terms ranging from one to six years. Police said she was at the centre of a drugs-importing ring involving three other Britons. Sandiford said she was forced to transport the drugs to protect her children whose safety was at stake. The court, however, rejected that argument.





Syria: Does Obama know he’s fighting on al-Qa’ida’s side? By Robert Fisk


f Barack Obama decides to attack the Syrian regime, he has ensured – for the very first time in history – that the United States will be on the same side as al-Qa’ida. Quite an alliance! Was it not the Three Musketeers who shouted “All for one and one for all” each time they sought combat? This really should be the new battle cry if – or when – the statesmen of the Western world go to war against Bashar al-Assad. The men who destroyed so many thousands on 9/11 will then be fighting alongside the very nation whose innocents they so cruelly murdered almost exactly 12 years ago. Quite an achievement for Obama, Cameron, Hollande and the rest of the miniature warlords. This, of course, will not be trumpeted by the Pentagon or the White House – nor, I suppose, by al-Qa’ida – though they are both trying to destroy Bashar. So are the Nusra front, one of al-Qa’ida’s affiliates. But it does raise some interesting possibilities. Maybe the Americans should ask al-Qa’ida for intelligence help – after all, this is the group with “boots on the ground”, something the Americans have no interest in doing. And maybe al-Qa’ida could offer some target information facilities to the country which usually claims that the supporters of al-Qa’ida, rather than the Syrians, are the most wanted men in the world. There will be some ironies, of course. While the Americans drone al-Qa’ida to death in Yemen and Pakistan – along, of course, with the usual flock of civilians – they will be giving them, with the help of Messrs Cameron, Hollande and the other Little General-politicians, material assistance in Syria by hitting al-Qa’ida’s enemies. Indeed, you can bet your bottom dollar that the one target the Americans will not strike in Syria will be al-Qa’ida or the Nusra front. And our own Prime Minister will applaud whatever the Americans do, thus allying himself with al-Qa’ida, whose London bombings may have slipped his mind. Perhaps – since there is no institutional memory left among modern governments – Cameron has forgotten how similar are the sentiments being uttered by Obama and himself to those uttered by Bush and Blair a decade ago, the same bland assurances, uttered with

‘All for one and one for all’ should be the battle cry if the West goes to war against Assad’s Syrian regime

such self-confidence but without quite enough evidence to make it stick. In Iraq, we went to war on the basis of lies originally uttered by fakers and conmen. Now it’s war by YouTube. This doesn’t mean that the terrible images of the gassed and dying Syrian civilians are false. It does mean that any evidence to the contrary is going to have to be suppressed. For example, no-one is going to be interested in persistent reports in Beirut that three Hezbollah members – fighting alongside government troops in Damascus – were apparently struck down by the same gas on the same day, supposedly in tunnels. They are now said to be undergoing treatment in a Beirut hospital. So if Syrian government forces used gas, how come Hezbollah men might have been stricken too? Blowback? And while we’re talking about institutional memory, hands up which of our jolly

statesmen know what happened last time the Americans took on the Syrian government army? I bet they can’t remember. Well it happened in Lebanon when the US Air Force decided to bomb Syrian missiles in the Bekaa Valley on 4 December 1983. I recall this very well because I was here in Lebanon. An American A-6 fighter bomber was hit by a Syrian Strela missile – Russian made, naturally – and crashlanded in the Bekaa; its pilot,

Mark Lange, was killed, its copilot, Robert Goodman, taken prisoner and freighted off to jail in Damascus. Jesse Jackson had to travel to Syria to get him back after almost a month amid many clichés about “ending the cycle of violence”. Another American plane – this time an A-7 – was also hit by Syrian fire but the pilot managed to eject over the Mediterranean where he was plucked from the water by a Lebanese

fishing boat. His plane was also destroyed. Sure, we are told that it will be a short strike on Syria, in and out, a couple of days. That’s what Obama likes to think. But think Iran. Think Hezbollah. I rather suspect – if Obama does go ahead – that this one will run and run Robert Fisk is a multiple award-winning journalist on the Middle East, based in Beirut.

Maybe the Americans should ask al-Qa’ida for intelligence help – after all, this is the group with “boots on the ground”, something the Americans have no interest in doing. And maybe al-Qa’ida could offer some target information facilities to the country which usually claims that the supporters of al-Qa’ida, rather than the Syrians, are the most wanted men in the world.




Healthy Living

With Isaac Yakubu Akogu

Diabetes education: Meal planning (III), 08176179496,

A Diabetes expert, Mr. Isaac Yakubu Akogu, is also a Pharmacist with over 16 years experience with specialisation in Diabetes Education.


elcome to another exciting weekend with me on Wellness Column. I like to thank my numerous readers who have been consistent in the ongoing discussion on Meal planning. This is a core issue for any person living with Diabetes, and for those who called in or wrote to ask some questions, the answers you got am sure do clarify some doubts and should you require further insight do keep in touch. Last week we discussed about a method of meal planning called Food Exchange list system, this week we shall take a look at Carbohydrate counting system of meal planning. What is Carbohydrate Counting? • Carbohydrates are a food group which contributes most to the rise of blood glucose e.g Rice, Wheat, Yam etc • Carbohydrate Counting is a technique of calculating grams of carbohydrates in meals and snacks consumed. • Carbohydrate counting is therefore one of several ways people living with diabetes can manage their food intake to keep blood glucose (sugar) level within range for healthy living It is not necessarily important to know simply how much carbohydrate to eat in a day, but rather how that carbohydrate is distributed throughout the day in meals and snacks to keep blood glucose in a healthful range Benefits of Carbohydrate Counting • Flexibility of meal plan The knowledge of carbohydrate counting enables one to easily fit in wide variety of foods into a meal plan especially combination foods such as those in frozen dinners. For example, by checking the grams of total carbohydrate on the Nutrition Facts label on a frozen dinner pack, you can figure out how to fit the dinner into your carbohydrate allotment for a particular meal. Many people find carbohydrate counting to be much easier than using a more traditional food exchange meal plan. • Tighter Control of Glucose Another benefit of counting carbohydrates is that it can bring tighter control of blood glucose readings. Being as precise as possible with your carbohydrate intake and medication will help you better manage your blood glucose after meals. • Freedom to Decide For people living with diabetes who take mealtime insulin, counting carbohydrates allows you to decide how much carbohydrate you want to

eat at a meal, rather than having to eat a certain amount of carbohydrates, even if you do not want to This technique is most useful for people who are using more intensive methods of adjusting insulin to control diabetes. Carbohydrate Counting can be used by anybody living with Diabetes either on Insulin injection or not and persons who will like to prevent Diabetes especially if discovered to have impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). A meal plan is a guide that helps you figure out how much carbohydrate, protein and fat to eat at meals and snacks each day. If you don’t have a meal plan, meet with a registered dietitian or a diabetes care team to help you get a meal plan. In order to accurately count carbohydrates, you’ll need to be accurate with the portion sizes of foods that you eat. Invest in a food scale to weigh foods such as fruits and bread. Use measuring cups to measure cereal, pasta and rice, and use liquid measuring cups for carbohydrate-containing beverages such as milk, juice and energy drinks. Counting carbohydrates though allows flexibility in your meal plan, but you can’t abandon your meal plan and eat as many carbohydrates as

you desire. Keep in mind your overall goals to keep your carbohydrate intake at a certain amount each day, and keep your glucose as close to normal as possible-and you’ll do well. . Because carbohydrate has the biggest effect on blood glucose, clinicians believe that if the patient is allocated a number of grams of carbohydrate to eat at each meal, they can keep their blood glucose under control, Similarly, some patients who need to lose weight may focus on counting grams of fat, because each gram of fat in a food has 9 calories in it (versus carbohydrate or protein, which have only 4 calories per gram). Fat grams and carbohydrate grams per serving are

listed on most packaged foods, this becomes a much easier way for people to manage their meals for good blood glucose control. Remember to consult your diabetes care team before making any of the changes discussed here. Until I come your way next week with another interesting issue, if you are living with diabetes or want to prevent diabetes, endeavor to get a meal plan today! The food pyramid offers a pictorial representation of how to plan a well-balanced meal. 1. The base of the pyramid offers what should be the staple food in the diet: cereals, whole grains, bread, potato, pasta, corn, cassava, maize etc.

A meal plan is a guide that helps you figure out how much carbohydrate, protein and fat to eat at meals and snacks each day. If you don’t have a meal plan, meet with a registered dietitian or a diabetes care team to help you get a meal plan.

The maximum number of servings per day should come from foods in this group. 2. Fruit and vegetables make up the next largest layer of the pyramid – these are rich in essential vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and fibre. At least five servings per day should come from each of fruit and vegetables. 3. Low-fat milk and milk products (like yoghurt), though rich in calcium are low in saturated fat and cholesterol and help reduce the risk of osteoporosis. 4. Meat, fish, eggs, and cheese are rich in protein which is essential for growth and body-building. A person with diabetes needs as much protein as the general public. 5. The top of the pyramid – the food group from which the smallest proportion of the diet should come – is made up of fats, oils, sweets and confectionery. These supply us with concentrated sources of energy. Only a small amount of food from this group is necessary for a well-balanced meal. The exact number of servings needed depends on the person’s diabetes goals, nutritional requirements, lifestyle, and food preferences. These group are used SPARINGLY.


Page 49

Weekend Sports Transfer trials cloud for EPL derbies today

Weekend Fixtures

Barclays Premier League Man City v Norwich v Cardiff v Newcastle v West Ham v Crystal Palace v Sunday

Hull Southampton Everton Fulham Stoke Sunderland

West Brom Liverpool Arsenal

Swansea Man Utd Tottenham

v v v

CAF Champions League Groups Al Ahly v AC Leopards Esperance v Sewe S/Sunday Recreativo v Coton Sport Zamalek v Orlando Pirates


Jack Wilshere


iverpool, Manchester United, Arsenal and Tottenham Hotspur have had very different experiences over the past three months, but all will have reason to feel relieved when the transfer window finally closes on Monday. Liverpool and United resume one of the fiercest rivalries in European football at Anfield, with both clubs hoping their battles to retain the services of unsettled strikers are at an end. Both Luis Suarez and Wayne Rooney looked destined to leave their respective clubs a few weeks ago, but the two giants from the English northwest girded their loins and refused to yield to their demands. Having briefly been forced to train with the Liverpool reserves, Suarez has now been reintegrated into the squad, while Rooney demonstrated his commitment to the United cause with a determined display in Monday’s 0-0 draw with Chelsea. Suarez will not feature on Sunday due to his ongoing ban for biting Chelsea’s Branislav Ivanovic, but he could yet make his return against United after the teams were drawn together in the third round of the League Cup.

CAF Confederations Cup Groups Etoile Sahel v St Malien (Mali) Sunday TP Mazembe v CA Bizertin CS Sfaxien v St George French Ligue 1 Evian TG v Lyon PSG v Guingamp Rennes v Lille Reims v Nantes Sochaux v AC Ajaccio Lorient v Valenciennes Bastia v Toulouse Sunday St Etienne v Bordeau Nice v Montpellier Marseille v Monaco

Daniel Sturridge

Soldado Liverpool have enjoyed successive 1-0 wins over Stoke City and Aston Villa in the league, although they needed extra time to see off third-tier Notts County in the League Cup on Wednesday. North London derby Arsenal and Tottenham have had starkly contrasting experiences during the transfer window, which has witnessed Spurs doggedly clinging to their star player in a manner more typically associated with their north London rivals in recent times. Spurs manager Andre VillasBoas has since admitted defeat in the club’s attempts to fend off interest in Gareth Bale from Real Madrid, but they continue to invest money in their squad. Argentine forward Erik Lamela and Romanian centre-back Vlad Chiriches are both poised to arrive at White Hart Lane, following the signings of Paulinho, Nacer Chadli, Roberto Soldado and Etienne Capoue. Were it not for the enmity that exists between the teams, Arsenal’s fans might sympathise with their Spurs counterparts over the Bale saga, but the days of their own leading players being courted by Europe’s top clubs are fading. Having lost Samir Nasri, Cesc

Fabregas and Robin van Persie in recent years, Arsenal now find themselves struggling to attract new signings of their own, having missed out on both Suarez and Napoli new recruit Gonzalo Higuain. Former midfielder Mathieu Flamini returned to the club on Thursday after being released by AC Milan and Wenger hopes the 29-year-old will make an immediate impact. Elsewhere, Manchester City will expect a strong reaction to last weekend’s shock 3-2 defeat at Cardiff City when they host another promoted side, Hull City, today. Hull’s 1-0 win over Norwich City last weekend means that Crystal Palace are the only team promoted from the Championship last season yet to secure a win in the top flight. Palace were also knocked out of the League Cup in mid-week, by Bristol City, but ahead of today’s visit of Sunderland, manager Ian Holloway is confident he will be able to improve his squad. Chelsea’s engagement in the European Super Cup against Bayern Munich on Friday means that neither they nor Aston Villa are in action this weekend, with their fixture having been fulfilled last week.

German Bundesliga Wolfsburg v Hannover 96 v Hamburg v Borussia M’gladbach v Nurnberg v Schalke 04 v Sunday VfB Stuttgart v Eintracht Frankfurt v

Hertha Mainz Eintracht Werder Bremen Augsburg B/Leverkusen TSG Hoffenheim B/Dortmund

Italy Serie A Chievo v Napoli Juventus v Lazio Sunday Roma v Verona Catania v Inter Milan AC Milan v Cagliari Genoa v Fiorentina Sassuolo v Livorno Udinese v Parma


Sunshine Stars Heartland Rangers Enyimba Nembe City Warri Wolves Kaduna United ABS F.C.

3SC Akure Bayelsa United Wikki Tourists Lobi Stars Dolphins Gombe United Kwara United El-Kanemi




I want to leave Real Madrid, says Kaka


razil international Kaka says he wants to leave Real Madrid before the transfer window closes. The 31-year-old, who cost Real £56m, does not think he will get much playing time under new coach Carlo Ancelotti, his former manager at AC Milan. The 2007 World Player of the Year is battling fellow playmakers Mesut Ozil, Isco and Luka Modric for a place. “The club knows I want to leave and I would like them to

help me find a solution for my exit,” he said. Kaka, who is believed to be one of the best paid players in the world, has ruled out a return to Brazil. “I cannot go to Brazil because the market is closed, the exit would be within Europe,” he said. Kaka started his career at Sao Paulo before moving to Milan where he won the Ballon d’Or and Fifa World Player of the Year award.


Arsenal table £70m to land Benzema, Di Maria, Ozil from Real Madrid



Di Maria

rsenal want to blow their entire £70million transfer budget on Real Madrid trio Karim Benzema, Mesut Ozil and Angel Di Maria as they bid to rescue a botched transfer window. Arsenal whose need for reinforcements became desperate on Thursday when they were handed a very tough Champions League draw – have opened talks with Real chiefs over the triple swoop and received encouragement. Despite all three players insisting they want to stay at the Bernabeu, Real will listen to offers for the trio as they look to balance the books after committing £86million to signing Gareth Bale from

Tottenham. Securing a deal for longterm target Benzema is Wenger’s priority, such is his desire to capture a world-class centre forward. The Gunners are working frantically on a deal that could see all three arrive at the Emirates by the transfer deadline on Monday. With the deadline fast approaching there is concern that Arsenal will run out of time to complete the Real deals, particularly with the Madrid club highly reluctant to sell before Gareth Bale’s move is ratified. Wenger also remains interested in Newcastle midfielder Yohan Cabaye and Valencia keeper Vicente Guaita.

Hull City target Anichebe


ull City boss Steve Bruce wants to sign Nigeria striker Victor Anichebe to strengthen his attack before the transfer window closes. But it remains unclear as to whether Everton would be willing to see the gifted 25-yearold depart. Hull City in the past showed interest in the big Nigerian striker with 5 million pounds deal, but may now request for him on loan as they may find it hard to raise the cash for his outright transfer, according to the Hull Daily Mail. Unlike the last three seasons in the Championship, where City have been able to make the most of loan deals outside of the window, the squad Bruce has at his disposal after Monday’s 11pm deadline will be the one that guide them through 16 Premier League games until January. The City boss is aware of his squad’s current limitations and the huge demands that will be placed on them until the New Year. “You always question yourself whether you’ve got enough strength in depth because after Monday we’ve got to go with what we’ve got until January,” Bruce said. “It’s going to be difficult. There’s going to be something like 16 games before the window opens again and you have to hope you get the rub of the green. “If you get a bit of luck we’ve got a chance. If we lose five or six to injuries then we’ll be up against it.

Chelsea open door for Torres exit after Eto’o signs


helsea striker Fernando Torres is up for sale following the arrival of Samuel Eto’o. Cameroon marksman Eto’o, 32, has signed a stunning oneyear deal worth £7million to move from Anzhi Makhachkala to Stamford Bridge. Now, despite Demba Ba being linked with a return to Newcastle, Chelsea is ready to listen to offers for Torres, who was signed from Liverpool for a British record £50million two years ago. Spanish sides are aware of his availability, with the 29-year-old having fallen down the pecking order following Eto’o’s arrival. Clubs enquiring after risingstar forward Romelu Lukaku

following Eto’o arrival have been told that the Belgian still remains very much in Mourinho’s plans. Torres has lifted the European Cup, FA Cup and the Europa League trophy during his time with the west Londoners. In his three games under new boss Jose Mourinho this season, however, the Spaniard has been substituted against Hull, unused against Aston Villa and sent on from the bench for the game at Manchester United. Torres knows that his chances of being selected for the World Cup next summer could be in jeopardy if he is not playing regular first-team football


this season. International team-mate David Villa quit Barcelona for Atletico Madrid this summer in order to get more opportunities to impress Spain coach Vicente Del Bosque. Mourinho turned to Eto’o, with whom he lifted a Treble of Italian title and Cup and the Champions League at Inter Milan, after failing to land Wayne Rooney from United earlier this week. Eto’o is understood to be a player on whom Mourinho believes he can rely on. Eto, who rejected a counteroffer from Inter to move to London, said: “I am very happy to be here, but also anxious because I want to play as soon as possible.




Page 51

Bayelsa United will maintain lead table, says Bosso B

ayelsa United head coach, Ladan Bosso has said his side will not be in a hurry to relinquish their leadership position in the Nigeria Professional Football League. The former Nigerian champions were forced to a barren draw by hosts, Sunshine Stars on Thursday in the Glo Premier League Matchday 28 encounter at the Akure Township Stadium. The mid-week tie could not hold as scheduled due to heavy downpour that made the playground waterlogged. Bayelsa United have now climbed to the top of the elite league log on 46 points from a possible 84 and one point clear of closest challengers, Enyimba and Kano Pillars. Bosso said his wards know the challengers are right their tail for the top spot and will work very hard to maintain the new status the side have assumed on the log. “I feel very glad with the goalless scoreline against Sunshine Stars which has taken us to the top of the log. “The players gave good account of themselves because they know

what is expected of them as well as what is at stake. “They want to make names for themselves we only want to assist them achieve their individual dreams. “I think we’ve taken the lead for good. We have 10 matches to wrap up the season, what we’ll do is to work extremely hard to consolidate on our position. “Though we’re not desperate to hold onto the lead or win the league shield but if God look on our hard work and said we deserved to win the league we won’t turn away from grabbing the golden opportunity,” said the former Kano Pillars coach said. Bayelsa United will host next door neighbours, Sharks tomorrow in Matchday 29 duel at the Samson Siasia Stadium, Yenagoa and Bosso said they are looking forward to an interesting game. “It’s a local derby so all the drama and thrill will be on full scale but I’m confident we’ll be able to consolidate on our leadership position by grabbing the three points at stake,” said the former Flying Eagles coach.

Bayelsa United replace Enyimba at the top table

NPFL: Namo emerges Malawi clash: Kwambe in player of the week for injured Ogude


asarawa United striker Victor Namo emerged the star for Week 28 of the Nigeria Professional Football league after a hattrick in a 3-0 spanking of Dolphins. Namo was picked ahead of Warri Wolves Musa Najere, who also netted a treble in his team’s 4-0 drubbing of Kaduna United, and Ighodalor Osagona, who sealed victory for 3SC against El Kanemi after he came off the bench. Namo said he whishes his goals will power bottom club Nasarawa United to safety. “I am happy to score three goals in the match. I was happier we won

Hat-trick star, 3 Namo

by wide margin because we need that as goal difference may count at the end of the day,” Namo said. The Jos-born star, who has scored 12 goals this season, has set a 20-goal mark, but his priority is the Lafia club’s survival. “I have a personal target of getting 20 goals in the league this season, but that is secondary, my priority is to help my team escape relegation,”he revealed. “The way we played this game shows our spirit is high and something tells me we will escape the drop, we just need to keep up the pace,” he said.

Stories by Albert Akota


unshine Stars defender Solomon Kwambe will replace injured Norway-based Fegor Ogude for Nigeria’s World Cup qualifier against Ma-

lawi. The African champions lead their qualifying group on nine points from five matches and will need only to avoid defeat against second-placed Malawi next week Saturday at home in Calabar to advance to final round of qualifiers for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil. Malawi is on seven points, while Namibia have five points and Kenya are bottom with three points. The Super Eagles coach Stephen Keshi said Fegor is out of the Calabar clash and he will be replaced by Kwambe. “We were thinking that by now the injury which he sustained in South Africa would have healed, but unfortunately it hasn’t. “Sunshine Stars Solomon Kwambe has been drafted as a replacement for Fegor ahead of the Malawi game. The inclusion of Kwambe takes the number of home-based players in the squad for the Malawi game to four following Godfrey Oboabona’s move to Turkey. The players from the domestic league are goal keeper Chigozie Agbim, Azubike Egwuekwe, Sunday Mba and Solomon Kwambe. “You have all the names of the home-based players already, just add it to the invited foreignbased with the exemption Fegor and you have my list for the Malawi game,” Keshi said when asked about his final squad. The Eagles training camp will open on Monday in Calabar with a sprinkling of the players expected to hit camp on Tuesday night.




Sports Time to rejig D’ Tigers’ technical crew E xpectation was high. That of course was deserved. The D’ Tigers were on song. They stood tall when they picked one of the tickets to the 2012 London Olympic Games. Yes, they received valuable lessons in depth, savvy and mobility in an historic game against the American Dream team. The defeat to the Americans notwithstanding, the D’ Tigress attained a new high in rating and reckoning in Africa. Nigeria and not Angola, Senegal or the North Africans suddenly became the continent’s reference point in basketball. Of course, beaming with delight and a glowing pedigree, the D’ Tigers became consumed with the next FIBA championship. That by the way is no mean tournament. It is basketball’s world cup. So Nigeria set sight on the limelight championships where the best rub shoulders. But the D’ Tigers needed to scale over a seemingly simple hurdle: the African championships which serves as the qualifier. Imagine, for the second

consecutive times as it was prior to the 2012 London Olympic Games, the basketball federation ensured that the team embarked on foreign training tours. They went to China and played in the USA. True, the duration may not have been sufficient, but there was training tour and a friendly tournament at which the D’ Tigers came third. So to Abidjan we went. Expectedly, they routed Mali, Congo Dr in styles all of which left none in doubt about the potentials of the team. Then came Senegal. From the onset, it was obvious something was amiss. Lethargy had set in. The Senegalese are physical, very mobile and agile. They usually mobile and agile D’ Tigers showed no little signs of weak veins, missed clear basket points as they frittered away chances upon chances to nail their opponents and were subsequently punished with a late rally that shocked the continent. All this is history because it means Nigeria would have to wait until 2015. WatchDog believes the NBBF did well but needed

strategic technical plotting. Had coaches Ayo Bakere and co been up to speed technically they would have easily detected that the team played a hard game against Cameroon in particular and needed a different physical and mental approach against an obviously weak Congo Dr. Instead, they deployed all resources and over exert themselves with telling effect. This is not undermining the gains there from. It was an opportunity where fresh names showed clearly that they too can hold forth for the likes of Ike Diogu and Olumide Ayodele, whose injury no doubt contributed to Nigeria’s exit. Truth is Nigeria needs some improved technical coaching. Take nothing away from the present squad, but we have advanced beyond their level. The NBBF should seriously consider refresher courses for the present bunch as well as throw some new faces into the fray. Importantly, a foreign trainer will not be out of place in certain crucial moments. 08093782812

Malawi FA broke?

How true? It can’t be. The Super Eagles must be careful, Stephen Keshi in particular. It’s all part of the game plan: playing the fox. Tom Saintfiet has tried all tricks just to distract the Super Eagles’ preparation. Recalled that he complaint to FIFA against the use of the UJ Esuene Stadium for the September 7 World Cup qualifier by quoting a phony security report which claimed that Calabar of all places in Nigeria poses serious security risk. If it had been the North East states perhaps you could pardon him for being ignorant of the states there. But Calabar, the capital of Cross River and one state hideous crimes are hardly heard of even in this era of rampant kidnapping in the South South and

South East geo-political divides of Nigeria. Like I said earlier it is just a distractive ploy. Saintfiet is smart. He loves playing mind games. He did that at the nations Cup and during the 2010 World Cup qualifying games. He must want to hurt Nigeria which twice denied him the opportunity to work in Nigeria. The Eagles have beaten him blue and black when he was in charge of Ethiopia. He needs to show Nigeria what they are missing in not hiring his services. But we should we fall prey? That would hardly be pardonable. We have a better squad, better organised FA, personnel and hungrier for glory and enough pedigree to achieve our ambition. We can’t be fooled by Saintfiet’s pedestrian theatrics.

Keshi lists Enyeama, 22 others for Malawi


Bayern celebrate Super Cup vic-

Bayern beat Chelsea, clinch Super Cup on penalties


ayern Munich gained some revenge for the 2012 Champions League final defeat by Chelsea when they beat the Premier League club 5-4 on penalties after a thrilling Uefa Super Cup ended 2-2 at the end of extra-time yesterday. Nine penalties in a row were scored before Chelsea substitute Romelu Lukaku had a tame effort saved by keeper Manuel Neuer to give the Champions League winners victory over the Europa League holders. Earlier, Fernando Torres put the Londoners ahead with a sublime first-time finish from a cross by Andre Schuerrle in the eighth

minute and Franck Ribery equalised with a 25-metre drive that eluded a diving Petr Cech in the 47th. Chelsea had Brazil midfielder Ramires sent off in the 85th minute for a second bookable offence but Jose Mourinho’s 10 men went back in front three minutes into extra-time. Eden Hazard picked the ball up on the left flank and cut inside past two defenders to unleash a venemous right-foot strike that went straight through Neuer’s hands. Pep Guardiola’s Bayern continued to dominate possession, much like they did under Jupp Heynckes in the Champions League final 15

months ago, but they were thwarted by an outstanding performance from Cech who pulled off a string of excellent saves. It seemed as though Chelsea, who also looked dangerous on the counter attack, would hold on for victory until substitute Javi Martinez dramatically levelled for Bayern from close range with the last kick of extra-time. “They take the cup but the best team lost,” coach Mourinho told Sky Sports. “For me we were by far the best team. “They had 15 minutes in the second half which they dominated but even with 10 men we played fantastically.”

he Technical and Development Committee of the Nigeria Football Federation has accepted a list of 23 players submitted by Super Eagles’ Head Coach, Stephen Keshi, for next week’s 2014 FIFA World Cup qualifying match against Malawi in Calabar. Top of the list is France-based goalkeeper Vincent Enyeama, who has largely captained the team this year, with goalkeeper Austin Ejide, defenders Godfrey Oboabona and Efe Ambrose, midfielders John Mikel Obi, Victor Moses and Ogenyi Onazi and forwards Emmanuel Emenike, Ahmed Musa and Uche Nwofor also called. “We have accepted the list of THE FULL LIST Goalkeepers: Vincent Enyeama (Lille FC, France); Austin Ejide (Hapoel Be’er Sheva, Israel); Chigozie Agbim (Enugu Rangers, Nigeria) Defenders: Elderson Echiejile (Sporting Braga, Portugal); Benjamin Francis (Heartland FC, Nigeria); Efe Ambrose (Celtic FC, Scotland); Solomon Kwambe (Sunshine Stars, Nigeria); James Okwuosa (Chippa United, South Africa); Godfrey Oboabona (Rizespor FC, Turkey); Azubuike Egwuekwe (Warri Wolves, Nigeria) Midfielders: John Mikel Obi

23 players and they will resume camping for the match in Calabar as from Monday,” Barrister Chris Green, Chairman of the Technical and Development Committee, said. The Super Eagles need only a draw in week’s clash at the U. J. Esuene Stadium to progress into the 10-team final elimination round, where two-leg, knock out fixtures will determine Africa’s five flag-bearers at the global showpiece in Brazil next year summer. The Flames of Malawi, who must win at a venue where the Super Eagles have never lost, to qualify for that final elimination round, are expected to arrive in Nigeria from Accra on Thursday.

(Chelsea FC, England); Ogenyi Onazi (SS Lazio, Italy); John Ogu (Academica de Coimbra, Portugal); Victor Moses (Chelsea FC, England); Nnamdi Oduamadi (AC Milan, Italy); Nosa Igiebor (Real Betis, Spain); Sunday Mba (Enugu Rangers, Nigeria) Forwards: Ahmed Musa (CSKA Moscow, Russia); Brown Ideye (Dynamo Kyiv, Ukraine); Shola Ameobi (Newcastle United, England); Emmanuel Emenike (Fenerbahce FC, Turkey); Uche Nwofor (SC Heerenveen, Netherlands); Obinna Nsofor (Lokomotiv Moscow, Russia)





The hidden dangers of deodorant sprays: headaches, eczema, asthma, even fatal heart problems By Sandra Walsh


alk past a teenage boy and you’ll almost certainly be left with the lingering smell of spray deodorant - 50 per cent of children now use deodorant by the age of 11, according to one survey, with selfconsciousness about body odour often spurring them to spray to excess. For most teenage boys, only the market leader Lynx will do. Thanks to its insistent marketing campaigns - including the slogan: ‘Get the look that gets the girl’ — the deodorant is the world’s best-selling male grooming product, sold in 60 countries and boasting eight million users in the UK alone. The primary target for spray deodorants is thought to be 13 to 18-year-olds, with mums the main buyers, according to Marketing Magazine. So powerful is its hold on the teen market that some teachers have gone on to online forums to complain about ‘the Lynx effect’, sharing anecdotes about having to teach through the fug of deodorant. But some experts are concerned teenagers are overusing deodorant, warning that inhaling chemicals from the aerosols may cause allergic skin reactions, asthma and breathing difficulties. In very rare cases they may even trigger fatal heart problems. Maureen Jenkins, director of clinical services at Allergy UK, says: ‘Around one in three adults in the UK have some form of allergic disease — asthma, rhinitis or eczema — and their symptoms are easily aggravated by perfumed products and exacerbated by aerosol chemicals. ‘Even people without allergies can be sensitive to chemicals found in cleaning products or toiletries, experiencing skin reactions, breathing difficulties, nausea or headaches. The reactions are made worse when it is an aerosol as the fine mist is easily inhaled.’ Dr Peter Dingle, an environmental scientist and consultant toxicologist based in Perth, Australia, says: ‘The labels on deodorant aerosols instruct you not to use them in a confined space, but I think it’s safe to say most people in the UK aren’t going to go outside to spray on their deodorants. ‘They would do it in the bathroom, most likely with the door closed — and that’s a confined space. ‘In the middle of winter, you’re not even going to have a window open. If you watch a deodorant advert, the young man usually sprays himself all over his body, which is exactly what the can tells you you’re not supposed to do. Self-image and smelling right is all important for young men and there’s a lot of peer pressure to use these products.’ This is something the Capewell

family will be reminded of for the rest of their lives. Jonathan Capewell was just 16 when he died of a heart attack in the bedroom of his home in Oldham, Greater Manchester. His 17-year-old sister, Natalie, raised the alarm after finding her brother lying lifeless on his bedroom floor. ‘When we arrived at the hospital, they were still trying to revive him,’ recalls his father Keith, 58. ‘But about ten minutes later they said he was gone. ‘We were shocked. There had been no warning. They asked if he had a heart condition but there was nothing like that. He was a perfectly normal, healthy boy.’ A post-mortem examination showed Jonathan had ten times the lethal amount of butane and propane in his blood. The gases are used as aerosol propellants and it seemed they had built up in his body over many months. At first, it was feared Jonathan had been engaging in solvent abuse — inhaling aerosol solvents to obtain a ‘high’ — but it seemed out of character to all who knew him. Keith says: ‘The coroner’s investigator checked the aerosols we had in the house but found none of the signs of solvent abuse. He came to the conclusion that Jonathan wasn’t abusing.’ The investigation turned to Jonathan’s use of deodorants. ‘He was 16 and his body was changing,’ says Keith. ‘He was starting to sweat more and worry about how he smelled. It wasn’t unusual for him to have two or three showers a day. ‘Afterwards he would spray deodorant all over his body, even in his hair, and the bathroom was the smallest room in the house. He was a bit obsessive and would have up to six different types to choose from, including Lynx. Sometimes we could smell the deodorant downstairs and we’d joke: “Are you spraying that up there or eating it?” ’ The coroner, Barrie Williams, ruled that Jonathan’s death was accidental, saying: ‘The 16-yearold was a normal, healthy teenager who was simply overcome by excessive use of antiperspirants. ‘There was an exceptionally high use of deodorant for personal hygiene. It was used in a fairly confined space against the advice of the canisters.’ But how could accidentally inhaling aerosol chemicals cause death? Jonathan Clague, a consultant heart specialist at the Royal Brompton Hospital, says: ‘The main cause of death is usually suffocation, known as hypoxia. If oxygen is not being breathed in and something else is inhaled, such as chemicals, then suffocation occurs and the heart stops.’ After the inquest in 1998, Keith and Louise struggled to come to terms with Jonathan’s death. ‘My daughter blamed herself because she was in the house when it happened, even though

Dangerous over-use: Inhaling chemicals from deodorant aerosols can cause skin reactions, aggravate allergies and may trigger fatal heart problems

Fatal use: Daniel Hurley died in his home in Sandiacre, Nottingham, Market leader: For many teenage aged 12 when he collapsed after using spray deodorant which caused a boys it is Lynx deodorant or nothing cardiac arrhythmia there was nothing she could have done,’ says Keith. ‘I went back to work as a warehouse manager after a couple of weeks but every time the phone rang my hands started shaking and I’d be transported back to that day, expecting more bad news. I had to give it up.’ It was two years before he could work again. He adds: ‘It’s been very hard to accept — Jonathan was only 16 and hadn’t even started out in life.’ Daniel Hurley was just 12 when he collapsed after using spray deodorant in the bathroom of his home in Sandiacre, Nottingham. He died in hospital five days later, in January 2008. The coroner told his parents Lynsey and Robert that his death had been caused by a ‘cardiac arrhythmia, exacerbated by exposure to

solvents’. It seemed Daniel had an unknown pre-existing heart arrhythmia — a heart rhythm problem — and the solvents in the Lynx aerosol he had been using had triggered a fatal collapse. There are several warnings on the back of Lynx canisters. Users are advised to ‘use in short bursts in well ventilated spaces’, to ‘avoid prolonged spraying’ and ‘keep out of reach of children’. The British Aerosol Manufacturers Association (BAMA) says propellants in household aerosol products have been used safely for 40 years and that 600 million aerosols are used each year in the UK. The association carried out its own research after Jonathan Capewell’s death, but says it

But some experts are concerned teenagers are over-using deodorant, warning that inhaling chemicals from the aerosols may cause allergic skin reactions, asthma and breathing difficulties.

was ‘unable to reproduce the conditions which could lead to harmful or fatal effects from excessive spraying of aerosol products in a confined space’. Dr Dingle says: ‘It’s not enough for the authorities to say, “It’s OK, there’s a warning on the back of the can.” If two children have died by spraying deodorant in a confined space, there will be countless more spraying the same way. Do we have to have another death before the authorities act? ‘I would advise teenagers to stick to roll-on deodorant, preferably one of the natural ones.’ The Capewells are also calling for better awareness of the risks of aerosol deodorants. ‘Our youngest son Nathan was four when Jonathan died and as soon as he was old enough to use deodorant we drummed into him that he had to open the windows and only use short bursts. He’s 20 now and he does that to this day, wherever he is,’ says Keith. ‘I’d like to see warnings on the front of the can, like there are for cigarettes and alcohol. Because we know first hand that deodorants can be just as fatal.’ Source:



Jonathan will win South-West in 2015 – Doherty Bode Olufemi says: very soul that promises to deliver South Western Nigeria to another round of cowardly lead-


as president, we all only need is to pray for any leader in government to lead us with the fear of God.

not the president. You are very rude to call your president incompetent. You will one day receive what you have sown. A letter from a ChrisCheckmating oil tian to Muslim womtheft in Nigeria en Libya’s Oil Strike Re- Tolani says: his is amazing. Barakah Lahu Fihi. As someone suggested, it high time Ms Christian find her paths and join us. As you can see, sisters including Yvvone Ridley, Lauren Booth, Kristian are more happier now. Please do contact those personalities.


nough of all this grammar. We are tired of ASUU strike. Students must be allowed to go back to school and study. How long will ASUU continue to grandstand on such


Time to behead the monster of prejudice Ada says: President Goodluck Jonathan The article has ership will not prosper. sembles The Situa- touched on recent issues They will languish in tion in Nigeria says: without bringing any their mental poverty. President Goodluck ethnicity into it. I only They will never know Jonathan has increased want to add that some peace and progress un- naval patrol in the Niger Nigerians are inherently til they drop this evil Delta to curb oil theft selfish. This is the reascheme. and vandalisation of son people abuse public Is this the way the pipelines and sabotage. offices and other things South West ought to be? why the rest of us turned Admittedly the South PDP convention: blind eyes just because West is no longer in the CNPP harps on integ- we are not the victims. hands of PDP but when rity of candidates If not, how come in a it was in their hands Stev N. D says: country with thousand what did the party do We know who is lawyers none deems it with the power that speaking. It’s a case of fit to take up cases of vithey had? From Ogun to the sympathizer crying olation of Constitutional Osun, from Ondo to Eki- more than the bereaved. rights? What is the Niti and even Edo what did gerian Bar Association the party do affect the doing about all these? people positively? All those who want to reOmbatse: Disenfranturn us to political and chisement and vioadministrative slavery lence in Middle Belt will not succeed in their Jibrin Dan’ Mayir schemes. The cancer says: worms will be for their Mr. Jacob Zenn, homes IJN. There hasn’t been a place called or carved out as Middle Belt rather there was agitation el-Rufai for it led by late J.S. Tarka. Secondly, there is no PDP, a toxic party, single Eggon in Benue says el-Rufai State. Please journalism David Mark Njoku .D. says: is a noble profession, Senate queries Civil l-Rufa’i, you and please endeavour to Defence boss over your cohorts in cross check your facts. recruitment scam the north will Stephen Ontop says: never see anything good ASUU strike and FG’s I don’t think Nigeria happening in Nigeria as beggar mentality needs a sacred leader long as a Northerner is Bashir says:

my heart to endearing topic. I only wish there would be an avenue for positive interaction with ourselves. God bless. PDM vs Anenih: I can’t bar my associates -Atiku Shakede Oinah says: This is the handiwork of PDP just to weaken the oppositions. The PDP thinks with this scheme it can win 2015 presidential elections.

ASUU President, Dr Nasir Isa Fagge

a simple issue? ASUU, please go back to the classroom. The Ebira girl in me (II) Obeh Eneye says: The points were very well stated. You have, as a matter of fact, just assisted me to open Save Taraba from Suntai’s cabal Ayo Jalingo says: The constitution says Suntai should write a letter. Since he has complied with the constitutional requirement the House of Assembly should honour the letter and respect the laws of the land. You at Peoples Daily should work to deepen respect for our constitution and instead of pandering to the selfish wishes of lawmakers. Plot to sack Taraba dep gov underway Adam says: Imagine!! I called all these lawyers hypocrites. If really they want help Suntai and Taraba people they should follow constitutional procedures. I think by their action they have shown that they have hypocritical voices. The thing is ACT NOW OR NEVER!!


Gov. Suntai


Becoming unstoppable in life (IV)


ast week, I started another segment of this series by showing you some examples of those who refused to be stopped in life. In the last edition, I talked about Joseph, Rahab and Ruth. Here are more examples: •Jephthah –The story of Jephthah’s birth was enough stigma for him – his mother was a prostitute. To make matters worse for him, his half-brothers hated him, his family rejected him, and he became an outcast from his family house. But this man didn’t give up on himself. In a strange land where he went, he believed in his leadership potential for which his half-brothers had hated him and cast him out – they didn’t want him to be their head. Jephthah, during this time, continued to develop his rejected potential. Some adventurous men (worthless men) who believed in him joined him and he became their leader. Eventually his brothers came begging him to come to lead them against the enemy. In fact, they couldn’t face him; they had to send the elders of their tribe. Though Jephthah had been rejected, he could not be ignored because of his gifts that he developed, and which made room for him. “A man’s gift maketh room for him , and bringeth him before great men” (Prov 18:16 KJV). Jephthah refused to be stopped in life. If he were some people, he would have gone to commit suicide after being rejected by his brothers. Rather he refused to believe that he was a failure; he knew his time would come. He believed rejection once did not mean rejection forever. Jephthah was a man of God, a man of faith. He was named among the men of faith in Heb 11 (verses 32 – 33) •David – Running away from the army of Saul, David was joined by people with the worst of credentials to form his army. David being an

‘outcast’, he had as his soldiers those in distress, in debt, frustrated etc. Leading this set of people could even be a greater problem for any army commander. “And everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him. So he became captain over them. And there were about four hundred men with him” (1 Sam 22:2 NKJV). However, in 2 Sam 23:8-39, this same people, without any attractive credentials, formed the core of David’s army that produced many mighty men. David didn’t have the best material, yet he succeeded. Many are stopped in life not because they didn’t have the best materials, equipment, men etc. but because they didn’t like or didn’t use what God had given them. David could not be stopped. Is there something God has given you that you’re complaining about now – an opportunity, a job, a home? Why don’t you stop grumbling and start making the best use of what you have? Stop lamenting; start maximizing what you have. Don’t allow your seemingly unfavourable condition to stop you. David didn’t – you shouldn’t. “If you wait for perfect conditions, you will never get anything done” (Eccl 11:4 NLT). •Jesus – “And Nathanael said to him, ‘Can anything good come out of Nazareth?’ Philip said to him, ‘Come and see’” (John 1:46 NKJV). That was how Nathaniel despised Nazareth where Jesus had spent his years as a young boy (Matt 2: 23). By his statement, Nathaniel, invariably, was despising Jesus – nothing good could come out of Jesus because nothing good could come out of Narazeth. But Jesus, coming from Nazareth, put the name Nazareth on the map of the world! Nazareth was just a village; it isn’t even mentioned in the Old Testament. It was a secluded and isolated village not considered important in either the national

or religious life of the nation of Israel. Nazareth was also believed to have an unenviable reputation in morals and religion and some crudeness in the Galilean dialect. So how could the Messiah have come from there? That was why Nathaniel spoke the way he did. He was merely expressing the sentiment of that age. You can see that Jesus didn’t scold him; his works would prove Nathaniel wrong. That encounter didn’t end before Nathaniel changed his mind about Jesus. “Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward Him, and said of him, ‘Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom is no deceit!’ Nathanael said to Him, ‘How do You know me?’ Jesus answered and said to him, ‘Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.’ Nathanael answered and said to Him, ‘Rabbi, You are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!’ Jesus answered and said to him, ‘Because I said to you, ‘I saw you under the fig tree,’ do you believe? You will see greater things than these.’ And He said to him, ‘Most assuredly, I say to you, hereafter you shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man’” (John 1:47-51 NKJV). Nathaniel became his disciple. But back to what Nathaniel said. Can you easily remember another person in history who came from Nazareth apart from Jesus? May be in modern Israel, the Israelis know a prominent person from modern Nazareth but he can’t be world renowned as Jesus – in fact, that’s why I don’t know the person. Hear this: Your birth place, your home town, your family background can never stop you from becoming what God wants you to be. Nobody can stop you until you stop yourself. Your greatest enemy is yourself. Become unstoppable! •Peter – He denied Jesus three times and was reinstated three

Page 55

From the Pulpit GREEN PASTURES By pastor t.o. banso GSM: 08033113523 times! What a loving Savior we have! Jesus who never gives up on anyone. When Jesus first met Peter, his name was Simon but Jesus changed his name to Peter. “Now when Jesus looked at him, He said, ‘You are Simon the son of Jonah. You shall be called Cephas’ (which is translated, A Stone)” (John 1:42 NKJV). The NLT renders the latter part thus: “‘You are Simon, the son of John — but you will be called Cephas’ (which means Peter)”. Cephas and Peter both mean ‘rock’. Though Peter was the first among the disciples of Jesus, always coming first in any list, his character didn’t portray the stone or rock that Jesus called him as seen particularly in his denial of Jesus. Mark 14:72 says, “And straightway the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word, how that Jesus said unto him, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept.” (ASV) Perhaps out of frustration with himself for his failure, he later went back to fishing and the remaining disciples followed him. But Jesus met him there, calling him by his former name, Simon, which he seldom called him, and reinstated him into the ministry. In spite of the denial of his Master, Peter still went ahead to become a rock that Jesus had called him. Once reinstated into the ministry, Peter never denied him again. Peter had told Jesus before

his arrest, “Lord, I am ready to go to prison with you, and even to die with you” (Luke 22:33 NLT). Though he denied Jesus when he was alive, after his reinstatement, he never denied him again; history says he was crucified on the cross but on inverted cross at his request. You’ll not deny Jesus in Jesus’ name. Your faith won’t shipwreck. Permit me to stop here today. I’ll talk more about Peter next week. TAKE ACTION! If you are not born again, kindly say this prayer now: “0 Lord God, I come unto you today. I know I am a sinner and I cannot save myself. I believe that Jesus is the Son of God who died on the cross to save me and resurrected the third day. I confess Jesus as my Lord and Saviour and surrender my life to him today. I invite Jesus into my heart today. By this prayer, I know I am saved. Thank you Jesus for saving me and making me a child of God” I believe you have said this prayer from your heart. Congratulations! You will need to join a Bible believing, Bible teaching church in your area where you will be taught how to live your new life in Christ Jesus. I pray that you flourish like the palm tree and grow like the cedar of Lebanon. May you grow into Christ in all things becoming all God wants you to be. I will be glad to hear from you. May the Lord be with you.

Living and labouring for God’s glory Matthew 5:16; Romans 15:5,6; 1 Corinthians 6:19,20


hrist, in His message on the Mount, reveals the Father and His grace to us. He sees us as part of His own people who are not in the kingdom by accident. Because “known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world ” (Acts 15:18). He knows the individual Christian and what He has called him to do. He has called us, Christians, to preach the gospel message to the whole world. Christ reveals that wherever we are today, we are there to fulfil His purpose of beaming the gospel light to the world in which we live. We are favoured and privileged to receive manifold revelations from Christ. This is because He did not always open His mouth to speak

when men desired Him to do so (Luke 23:8,9). The revelations and experiences we receive from Christ’s teachings (Matthew 5:1-15) bring on us a responsibility. And to every Christian Christ says, “Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.” “So” in this verse of Scripture denotes that we, Christians, must allow our light to shine to a very high degree, a great extent, an extra-ordinary level and with a higher quality of brightness. Extra-ordinary quality of virtue or superlative emphasis on a thing is also expressed in other Scripture references (John 3:16; Matthew 6:30-32; 8:10; Acts 14:1;19:20; Philippians 4:1; Hebrews 1:4; 2:3). The floodlight of believers’ life then must have a supernatural path and effect on the people. The light that shines from us must be with

By pastor W.F Kumuyi inexhaustible oil of grace, love and of the Holy Spirit. 1. LIVING FOR CHRIST BEFORE MEN FOR GOD’S GLORY Matthew 5:16; 6:1,2; 10:32,33; Acts 19:18,19; Romans 12:17-21; 16:19; Philippians 4:5-8; 1 Thessalonians 3:12,13; 5:14,15. “Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and

glorify your Father which is in heaven.” As believers and light of the world, we must shine so that others can see our good works. But our purpose of heart is not to attract attention to us. They are to see by our light that God has power; that if they come to Him, His transforming power can change them for His own glory. Some misapply Christ’s teaching on almsgiving to mean that they are expected to

lead a secret Christian lifestyle. But true Christians however do not lead secretive life. Jesus says believers should live a good, pure and influential life that impacts on people by way of good and sound behaviour. The Christian life must be lived before all men. “And many that believed came, and confessed, and shewed their deeds. Many of them also which used curious arts brought their books together, and burned them before all men…” (Acts 19:18,19). We must live out our conviction of non-conformity (to sin and the world) and honesty lest we become hypocrites. We must let our light shine before men: they should know godly principles on which we stand. “Let your moderation be known unto all men” (Philippians 4:5). Then, they will give their lives to the Lord.

BIG PUNCH Taraba state is in grip of power hungry and desperate cult hell bent on plunging the state into a deeper political crisis – Shehu Sani, leader of the Coaliation of Civil Society SATURDAY 31, AUGUST — SUNDAY 1, SEPTEMBER, 2013

2015 (1)


igeria looks forward to 2015 with trepidation, thinking that America’s ‘prediction’ might yet come true. The ‘prediction’, that Nigeria could disintegrate in 2015, as some claimed, is actually based on the periodic assessments of the global trends by intellectuals, policy makers and intelligence experts especially those relating to 2010, 2015, 2020 and 2025. It appears that many who have reacted to the rather gloomy, if not ominous, assessment on Nigeria have never bothered to read any of the reports, let alone digest them dispassionately and intelligently. But in fact the Americans have only made projections, trying to visualize the future from what obtains today. It is therefore necessary to look at some selected portions of one of the reports, over which there have been enormous reactions in Nigeria and indeed worldwide, namely, Mapping Sub-Saharan Africa’s Future, sponsored by US National Intelligence Council and produced in March 2005 by a group of top US experts on Sub- Saharan Africa. The report deals with the likely trends in the region over a period of 15 years on several major issues or drivers that will affect Africa, including globalization and its impact on political development and economic growth, patterns of conflict, terrorism, democratization, AIDS, evolving foreign influences, and religion. The report makes three important assertions among others: that even in this age of globalization, local factors, rather than external, will determine Africa’s fate; that most of Africa, but SubSahara most specifically, will become increasingly marginalized as many states struggle to overcome subpar economic performance, weak state structures, and poor governance; that despite the huge resources that have accrued to their country from oil, Nigerians are in significant ways poorer than they were at independence. Globalization, the mega trend – a force so ubiquitous, says the report, that it will substantially shape all the other major trends in the world of 2020, which has so far affected Africa marginally, is however most likely to increasingly influence the continent’s economic and social trends most profoundly. Globalization will accelerate differentiation among African countries. Good performers, in terms of good governance, infrastructure


Ibraheem Sulaiman

U.S President Barack Obama and technology, will have happy outcomes, bad performers will have unhappy outcomes. ‘Those countries doing well will be able to access an international economy that is extremely buoyant and will be readily accepting of their goods. Technology flows from the international economy to those well-performing African

countries with relatively high governance standards will allow some countries to leapfrog over some development challenges,’ the report says. ‘ At the same time, those countries doing poorly will be increasingly subject to the other side of globalization: illegal drug trades, arms traffickers, and a large global gray market that

allows governments that seek to strip-mine their own countries to sell all kinds of goods (e.g., timber, diamonds) to willing buyers outside of international supervision. It will be ever easier for capital to flee areas of poor performance.’ In other words: ‘Globalization therefore can promote both virtuous cycles of growth and whirlpools of decline. Indeed, the number of countries in the middle on growth and governance performance may decline as the forces of globalization continually reward success or aggravate failure.’ Where does Nigeria fit in this scenario? So far Nigeria, in the view of the experts, does not fall in the category of good performers and does not yet show any readiness or inclination not take the necessary steps to move upward in the scale; it can not easily and quickly overcome the development challenges and as a result it is most likely to be left behind. Nigeria’s paradox is that its seemingly munificent resource endowment has not been an asset and an advantage but rather a burden and a hindrance; and so it is unlikely that, even as a major oil producer, it would have a future significantly different from the ruinous record of petroleum producers to date. The report categorizes Nigeria, because of its marginal economic performance, weak state structures, poor governance, substandard democracy – a mile wide an inch thick – as a possible failed state: unable as such to partake in the ferocious competition that the international economy fosters, or meet the profound challenges to any attempt at industrialization or yet cross the bar which continues to be raised on what is necessary for a government to do in order to foster a competitive international

If Nigeria and other countries in her capacity actually began to use their revenues from oil in productive ways, the report postulates, these states would become stronger, tens of millions of Africans would benefit from reduced poverty, and the impact on the region might be significant.

ADVERT: 0803 311 7458 BUSINESS: 0805 689 1765 NEWS: 08033223427 LAGOS: 08053271969 08034540344

economy. Nigeria has almost missed the ‘upside surprises’ which some of the smaller African countries are likely to enjoy. If Nigeria and other countries in her capacity actually began to use their revenues from oil in productive ways, the report postulates, these states would become stronger, tens of millions of Africans would benefit from reduced poverty, and the impact on the region might be significant. Better hydrocarbon management might come about because of international pressure to promote the transparency of resource flows, aided by domestic constituencies who have grown tired of the fraud associated with wasting assets. Similarly, the report continues, if agriculture were to show productivity gains in a significant number of countries, there would be a general boost in growth, but also a change in the urbanrural terms of trade between the urban and rural communities. Nigerian and African agriculture could become more productive if it was the beneficiary of the kind of scientific advances that helped Asian agriculture in the 1960s and 1970s. The report notes that Africa currently has the lowest level of inputs and the lowest yields compared to genetic potential of any region on earth. Thus, in many areas where there is substantial “low-hanging fruit” relatively small amounts of investment could lead to significant productivity advances. But unfortunately this is not the path that Nigeria, for whatever reason, prefers. It rather chooses the other way, the ‘downside surprises.’ The report then goes to the heart of the matter. It says: Other potential developments might accelerate decline in Africa and reduce even our limited optimism. The most important would be the outright collapse of Nigeria. While currently Nigeria’s leaders are locked in a bad marriage that all dislike but dare not leave, there are possibilities that could disrupt the precarious equilibrium in Abuja.The most important would be a junior officer coup that could destabilize the country to the extent that open warfare breaks out in many places in a sustained manner. If Nigeria were to become a failed state, it could drag down a large part of the West African region. Even state failure in small countries such as Liberia has the effect of destabilizing entire neighborhoods. If millions were to flee a collapsed Nigeria, the surrounding countries, up to and including Ghana, would be destabilized. Further, a failed Nigeria probably could not be reconstituted for many years—if ever—and not without massive international assistance.

Published by Peoples Media Limited, 35, Ajose Adeogun Street, 1st Floor Peace Park Plaza, Utako, Abuja. Kano office: Plot 3, Zaria Road, Opposite Kano State House of Assembly. Lagos Office: No.8 Oliyide Street, off Unity Road, Ikeja, Lagos. Tel: +2348142929046. Cell: +234 8024432099; 803 7007 759 e-mail:; ISSN: 2141– 6141

Peoples Daily Newspaper, Saturday 31, August, 2013  

Peoples Daily Newspaper, Saturday 31, August, 2013 Weekend Edition

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