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INTERVIEW

Amnesty: Northern govs urge Boko Haram to embrace peace

15 years after, democracy dividends only in statistics —Sen. Ahmed Lawal >>Page 2

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weekend.peoplesdailyng.com

. . . Putti ng the p e o p l e fi rs t Vol. 3 No. 93

SATURDAY — SUNDAY, MAY 31 - JUNE 1, 2014

Gunmen kill Emir of Gwoza

SHA’ABAN 2-3 1435 AH

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Kidnap two other monarchs Soldiers, insurgents in gun battle >>Page 6

Electricity: Outrageous tariff, poor services and consumers’ agony (Cover) >>>Pages 7,8,9 Extra-judicial killing: Court orders police to pay N15m compensation to two families

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PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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Interview 15 years after, democracy dividends only in statistics, Sen. Lawan Fifteen years of uninterrupted democracy, what have to say? he fact remains that we have made some progress in terms of building of democratic institutions, construction of infrastructures both by the federal government and the states across the nation and even the local government to some extent. But the story has another side which is that we have been facing serious challenges. No doubt from 1999 for example, the National Assembly- legislature when we came in we had the most disabling challenge: we inherited just one computer for the entire House of Representatives for the more than 250 members then in 1999. Besides, majority of the members had no offices of their own, very few had offices including the principal officers. Today, we have offices for all of us for both the Senators and members of the House or Representatives. We have better computers because we have very deliberate capacity building for members of the NASS including the secretariats of the committees.

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How about relationship with the executives? Our relationship has improved over time. In 1999 during the first tenure of President Olusegun Obasanjo, you would recall the president was almost impeached by the House of Representatives because we had so much disagreement. The president had come into office thinking the National Assembly was an unnecessary appendage and therefore should not matter in the area of governance. We felt otherwise because we are a constitutional creation just as like the presidency. So we spent the first four years fighting. The second tenure of president Obasanjo I think wisdom prevail and there was a better relationship and we achieved better in terms of infrastructure and what you may call the dividends of democracy. When the late Yar’ Adua came, it took further improvement and when Jonathan came it also witnessed further improvement. But that’s where it stopped. It is still a challenge. The NASS resolutions do not get the respect do not get the kind of attention that they should law. But resolutions are mere advisory? You may not say mere advisory. I think you may not say the presidency but some element in the presidency who don’t understand ted democracy may think that the National Assembly itself is simply advisory so the president may choose to accept its position if he so desires. I think we are in this government together and there is wisdom in the constitutional provisions for the legislature to make laws for the rest to implement. We are in more contact with the people than the executive arm of government. Therefore we feel their pulse more than those in the executive arms of government do. They say that what I am saying is not correct but that is a fact. So when we pass resolutions in the National Assembly, we do so out of necessity, out of patriotism and nationalism that these things once they are implemented will create and make a sustainable environment for good governance. So when you just dump the resolutions of the National Assembly,

Senator Ahmed Lawan is one of the longest serving members of the National Assembly. He was there in 1999 when democracy debuted 16 years after the second Republic was truncated. The Yobe state senator says there are little dividends of democracy to cheer, that the economy has been more of statistics than real positive change in the lives of the people. He believes insurgency should not be reduced to tribal or faith thing but must be the concern of all Nigerians. This interview was conducted by AIT and monitored by Patrick Andrew in Abuja. Excerpts…. have made some progress but even that progress should be made on the bases of change: positive change in the lives of the people you are governing not some statistics. When I mentioned this yesterday (Wednesday) in the chambers during the debate on democracy, one of the senators said I was not charitable, that even the international community is saying Nigeria’s economy is the fastest growing, we are now the largest economy in Africa. Of course, the international community will say so if you go and tell them about your achievements.

Senator Ahmed Lawan you simply deny yourself the opportunity to win on board, factor in the serious means to make things better for Nigerians. I will score our democracy low in this area in terms of the working relationship between the legislature and the executive arm of government. You could see that right from 1999 the implementation of the budget has been a serious problem. It is either there are distortions or not implemented as recently claimed by one of the ministers which I think is very unreasonable to say that. There is no way the National Assembly of Nigeria could cause distortions in the budget, the constitution will always support us in our work. So these are the kind of people that will always mislead a president who is willing to work

properly with the legislature. Personally, I think personal relationship between the president and the legislature is perfect even to a fault. To me as an individual member of the senate I think the relationship is too perfect sometimes to the detriment of the interest of Nigerians. I think if we can have a better working relationship it will be better for Nigeria. In the area of provision of infrastructure I think we have made some progress but not the kind of progress that you will say we are doing it well. We are doing it but we are not doing it well. I don’t want to play the role of Labaran Maku or Doyin Okupe or Reuben Abalti here I will leave them to publicise what they think is an achievement. All in all, I will say we

But aren’t there statistics also to show that Nigeria has the highest number of poor people in sub-Sahara Africa? Yes, if Nigeria has that kind of statistics-largest economy in Africayou should see on ground positive changes in the lives of the people and if you don’t have these changes, then you should question the statistics that you have. It is not about statistics but about practical things, practical feelings, feel what the people feel. I was listening to a radio programme where Lamorde (EFCC chairman) was saying that most of the private jets we have in Nigeria were bought with illicit funds whether it is correct or not I think it is another matter. Create an economy where a villager will be able to go to the market sells things and get a better life. Where a graduate from whatever level will be able to get job, not government job but be able to get may be N500,000 to start something, an education that empowers him. These are the kind of jobs we want not saying we have given 1 million jobs in the last quarter. Where are they? I think in that area we need to do more. When you come to the area of the rule of law, I think I will score Nigeria low. Why? The rule of law says that people should be accountable. When someone, no matter the status of the person, does something wrong, he may be punished according to what the law provides and its takes precedence over whatever that persons is or stands for. But there is no rule of law: where you will carry out investigation by the National Assembly, reveal corruption in an institution or organization and then nothing happens, the message to the

Government cannot win the war without the assistance of the ordinary Nigerians especially those in the affected areas. I also believe that we need to work together regardless of our political affiliations- it is not an APC , PDP matter or indeed any other party at that. I believe we need not to be narrow minded and parochial to say that this is an Islamic thing or Christianity or whatever.

ordinary man is no transparent rulers. We can only get respect, build and sustain patriotism in our people when we are seen not to be above the law. Once you are above the law nobody is going to respect you. Therefore, when you try to mobilize people, they will say no, they won’t want to be mobilized because they have not seen the benefit of it. They will say they have not seen the dividends of democracy in Nigeria. That though is the extreme case because I believe we can reverse the trend. The rule of law is so important to any society, where there is rule of law, leaders are accountable, are conscious and responsible, where there is no rule of law, the rulers act with impunity: I can kill and nothing will happen, do your investigation and nothing will happen because I am a big shot. That does not inspire and sustain confidence in the ordinary Nigerian and there is no way we can develop in this country without carrying on board the ordinary people. And Nigerians are easy people to lead, all we need is to give them correct leadership. Insurgency in Nigeria has taken international dimension yet you have continued to oppose emergency rule in the three states including your own-Yobe. Why is that? Right from the onset I agreed and believed that we are facing serious security challenges. I also believe totally that it requires all hands to be on deck to deal with that. That is to say that the federal government, state governments, all institutions and all Nigerians at all levels of the society up to the lowest rung of the ladder will need to be on the same page. Government cannot win the war without the assistance of the ordinary Nigerians especially those in the affected areas. That’s why I believe that we need to work together and I also believe that we need to work together regardless of our political affiliations- it is not an APC , PDP matter or indeed any other party at that. I believe we need not to be narrow minded and parochial to say that this is an Islamic thing or Christianity or whatever. It is beyond that. I believe that it is not an ethnic thing, not a Kanuri, Hausa-Fulani thing and very importantly I want to say that nobody should reduce the insurgency to the explanation that some people want to use it to bring down President Jonathan’s government: That those of us from there don’t want the presidency to succeed, that’s absolute nonsense, and nobody should think that. Should we have enabled some persons to be killing us sometimes 400, 600 persons in one village in one day, just because someone doesn’t like Jonathan? No, it is not just about Jonathan, this presidency must be supported to be strong, Nigerian presidency must be strong, Jonathan is just in today, someone else will be there tomorrow and it doesn’t matter who is there. Therefore, we need to join hands with our leaders to fight this insurgency.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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Feature Marwa, Zingwina, 8 other gladiators in battle for Adamawa Govt House By Umar Dankano, Yola

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y 2015 Nigeria will clock 16 years of democratic governance and will hold its fifth general election. As the year draws near, politicians across the country are warming up for the exercise by mobilizing and strategizing ahead of the elections. To this end candidates are emerging from respective political platforms even before the ban on campaign is lifted in November this year. The case of Adamawa state is not different as over 10 gladiators on the platform of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) have started showing interest to vie for the governorship ticket at the primaries and possibly the real election. Some of the aspirants, among them presently in service have at a point or the other contested for the position. Our correspondent in Yola, Mallam Umar Dankano, x-rays the potential aspirants and their chances are as follow: SENATOR JONATHAN ZINGWINA: Zingwina needs no introduction in the political arena of Adamawa State and the country at large especially during the former President OluSegun Obasanjo’s tenure when the aborted third term saga was on. But pundits believe his going underground may not be unconnected with his plan to renew his ambition. Being from the same constituency with the incumbent governor may be a stumbling block to his aspiration, considering the zoning formula. He may be thwarted by the shadow of his history at the Adamawa State Water Board and as a state director of the defunct Mass Mobilization for Social Justices, Education, Reconstruction (MAMSER) in the State. However, the former Deputy Senate Leader is another good material that may put surprises when the ban on electioneering campaign is lifted. SENATOR BELLO MOHAMMED TUKUR: He was Deputy Governor to former Governor Boni Haruna between 1999 – 2007. An astute politician, Tukur, after his Deputy Governorship ticket became the chief of staff to Governor Murtala Nyako despite widespread criticism. As Chief of Staff, he wielded influence so much so that he was nicknamed the de-facto governor. Nyako had also confidence in him and allowed him to run the government. But it was alleged that he betrayed Nyako along the line. Nyako worked tirelessly to ensure that Bello Tukur get the PDP ticket for the 2011 general election where he (Tukur) defeated the likes of Professor Jibril Aminu and others. Tukur later won the senatorial election, Senator Bello Tukur along the line dumped Nyako for reasons best known to him. BARRISTER BALA JAMES NGILLARI: He is currently the Deputy Governor of Adamawa state. Bala is seen by many political analysts as somebody who was always favoured going into his life profile from being a seasoned

Gov. Murtala Nyako

Gen. Buba Marwa

to President Goodluck Jonathan and as a former PDP leader, he can influence the emergence of his son to govern Adamawa state come 2015. Dr. UMAR ARDO: Ardo is an erudite politician with great determination and ready to go the whole hog of electioneering, particularly when he is undermined. Ardo, an out spoken politician is believed to be among the favorite candidate for the ticket, but because of his resolve to take on anybody including the leadership of the party he said to be making leaders of the party to have a second thought about him. Yet, the Doctor of political science is a never say die person. He is ready to spend his hard earned resources and intellectual to fight a just cause. And the governorship ticket in one such cause.

Dr. Aliyu Idi Hong practising lawyer to be coming a member of the late Justice Oputa Panel and his two terms as a member House of Representative during President Obasanjo regime. He parted ways with his Boss, Governor Murtala Nyako, when Nyako defected to the opposition party, the All Progressive Congress. Ngillari, a quiet and easy going is rumored to be a favorite aspirant of President Goodluck Jonathan. But, he needs a lot to do as he hails from the Northern senatorial district of the state which produced former Governor Mr. Boni Haruna presently Minister of Youth Development before the emergence of the incumbent Governor Murtala Nyako, who is from the southern senatorial zone. GENERAL MOHAMMED BUBA MARWA (rtd) A one-time Military Administrator of Borno and Lagos states, Marwa was one of the founding fathers of the ruling PDP. He contested the 2007 presidential primaries election on the platform of the party. He lost out in the primaries and after the emergence of late Alh. Umaru Musa Yar’adua as the President, Buba Marwa was compensated with an ambassadorial appointment, where he served in South Africa. After sojourning in South Africa, Marwa returned back home in late 2010 to try his luck again in 2011 general election, but this time around as a governorship aspirant in Adamawa state. He lost out in the primaries and decamped to the

Barr. Ahmed Gulak

defunct Congress for Progressive Change (CPC) where he emerged as the party flag bearer. He equally lost out in the election to Governor Murtala Nyako. Buba Marwa remained with the opposition CPC, CAN and ANPP to form the All Progressive Congress (APC). Not comfortable with the way and manner the legacy party was being run, Marwa again dumped the APC for PDP, the party he co-founded. ALHAJI AUWAL D. TUKUR: Auwal son of the immediate past National Chairman of the ruling Peoples Democratic Party PDP had not dropped his intention to follow his father footsteps of becoming the governor of the state. Auwal Tukur, a former House of Representative member is believed to be the big stick that broke the proverbial camel’s back in the fight between his father and governor Nyako, even though they are inlaws. The older Tukur wanted his son to succeed Nyako while Nyako also had his candidate in his son, Abdulazzez. Auwal Tukur, to political pundits in the state is still yet to display that leadership quality to lead the state like Adamawa that is multilingual in nature. According to them, the reason he lost his bid to go back to the federal house of representative was his inability to carry people of his constituency along while he was representing them at the lower chamber of the National Assembly. But, with his father’s closeness

ALHAJI MOHAMMED AHMED MODIBBO: Ahmed, the immediate past executive secretary of Universal Basic Education Board, has also being eyeing the number one job in the state on the PDP platform. Modibbo, who is rumored to be thickly rich, has vowed to use his finances to campaign for his emergence as the PDP flag bearer. Alh. Ahmed, husband to Aihsatu Ahmed, popularly known as Binani a serving member of the House of Representatives, may be rallying on the political might of his wife to clinch the governorship ticket but political observers in Adamawa believed that he lacked the charisma and acceptability to lead a state like Adamawa. ENGINEER MARKUS GUNDIRI: Engineer Gundiri who until very recently was inAPC will be relying on the massive support he got when he flew the flag ofthe now defunct Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) against PDP’s Murtala Nyako in 2011. Engineer Gundiri also have so many factors that may work against him. One of which is that of just joining the party a few months before the primary elections take off. This may work against him as a former member of the PDP, even as a party elder, his return after a sojourn in an opposition party may taint his loyalty as a party stalwart. CHIEF

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HAMMAJODA MADAKI: Chief Joel Madaki, the current chairman of PDP in Adamawa state is also said to be dusting his file to re-launch his governorship aspiration though he has not declared his intention. But sources very close to the Bata high chief say the immediate ambition of Madaki is to be the governor of the state, how he goes about this still remains a puzzle. Dr. ALIYU IDI HONG: A former Minister of the Federal Republic also declared his intentions to vie for the ticket. Idi Hong is the political son of Professor Jibril Aminu, a wellknown politician in the state and the country at large. He may use Jibril Aminu to gather supporters, but since he left office as Minister, he has been far away from the state. This might affect his chances, though anything can happen in politics. BARRISTER AHMED GULAK: Ahmed Gulak, who until very recent time was one of the most powerful Abuja based politicians from Adamawa state had set up machinery to achieve his governorship aspiration, and has even looking beyond the party primaries, until got shock of his life when he was unceremoniously sent packing from the presidency? The celebration of his exit by youths across the state has sent a big message of rejection to him. With the differences between him and the presidency it is obvious that the once powerful politician in him may have ended but Ahmed as a person was quick to say that he was relieved of his position to enable him focus on his governorship ambition which his keen watchers are still laughing at him. BARRISTER JERRY KUNDISI: The last person on the race for the coveted PDP ticket is Barrister Jerry Kundisi, a serving member of the state House of Assembly, who will be banking on his vast experience in the state House of Assembly to pick the ticket but keen watchers of Adamawa politics say the man popularly known as “Uncle senior Bachelor” has no justification to contest for exalted post of a governor. That appellation conveys some light heartedness with which he is regarded.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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Special Report

Pomp as the Emir of Lafia marks classy 40th anniversary on the throne By Ali Abare Abubakar, Lafia

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enultimate Saturday, the city of Lafia, the Nasarawa state capital came virtually to a standstill as the crème dela crème of the Nigerian society converged in the ancient city to felicitate with none other than the emir of Lafia, Alh. (Dr.) Isa Mustafa Agwai I, chairman of the Nasarawa state Council of Chiefs on the occasion of his 40th year anniversary on the throne. The gathering in Lafia that Saturday was the convergence of the Who-is-Who in the society, be it socially, economically, politically or otherwise. The roll call was endless and reminiscent of a major national event. President Goodluck Jonathan was there, represented by the Minister for Special Duties, Kabiru Tanimu Turaki. So also was former head of state and leader of the All Progressives Congress (APC), Gen. Muhammadu Buhari (rtd). Other dignitaries that graced the occasion includes: Gen. T. Y Danjuma and his wife, Senator Daisy Danjuma, both recipients of traditional titles of the Barde-Babba and Aminiya of Lafia respectively, Chief Tony Anenih, chairman Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) Board of Trustees, Sen. David Mark, senate president, represented by his chief of staff, Sen. George Manzo, Air Chief Marshal Alex Badeh, the Chief of Defense Staff (CDS), Commodore A. A Sule who represented the Chief of Naval Staff, Governor Umaru Tanko Al-makura, the host, Governor Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso of Kano state, represented by his Adviser on Special Duties, Acting Governor Umar Garba of Taraba state, represented by the Speaker of the state House of assembly, Joshua Sabo Kente. Others include: former governors of the state, Senator Abdullahi Adamu, Aliyu Akwe Doma, former governor of the then Benue/ Plateau state, Group Captain Dan Suleiman, Minister for Information, Labaran Maku, Arc Darius Dickson Ishaku, Minister for the Niger Delta, Minister for the FCT, represented by Mohammed Maikasuwa, director of protocol at the FCT, Jeremiah T. Useni, former FCT Minister as well as Sen. Walid Jibrin, secretary BoT of the PDP. The royal fathers were equally not left out as they came out in their numbers to join with their colleague to celebrate a milestone. The Sultan of Sokoto, Alhaji Muhammadu Saad Abubakar was there represented by the Shehu of Borno, Alhaji Abubakar Ibn Umar Garbai El-Kanemi, with the emirs of Damaturu, Machina, Fika, as well as the Mai Bade in the Shehu’s entourage.Other traditional rulers that witnessed the occasion includes: the Regent of Akure, the Attah of Igala, the Osama of Benin, the emir of Suleja, Alhaji Awwal Ibrahim, Dr. Shekarau Angyu Masa-Ibi, the Aku- Uka of Wukari as well as all the traditional rulers from across Nasarawa state. All these dignitaries and more joined in felicitations with His Royal Highness, the Emir of Lafia, Alhaji Isa Mustafa Agwai I on that Saturday as he marked the 40th year of his ascension to the throne, in a ceremony that would surely continue to reverberate not only within the state but across the country as witnessed by the personalities that grazed the occasion. Highlights of the occasion includes among others, the presentation of a book titled “Forty years of HRH Isa Mustafa Agwai I Emir of Lafia” written by a son of the emirate, Professor Muhammad Akaro Mainoma, Deputy Vice-Chancellor at the

Emir of Lafia, Alh. (Dr.) Isa Mustafa Agwai I, Gov. Umaru Tanko Al-makura, Sen. Daisy Danjuma, Gen. T. Y. Danjuma and Gen. Muhammadu Buhari and Chief Tony Anenih at the event.

state-owned university in Keffi, presentation of traditional titles to Gen. T. Y Danjuma (rtd) and his wife, paper/speech presentations by select dignitaries and the hosting of a small durbar, with this particular event overshadowed by the unfortunate incidence of the abduction of over 200 girls in Chibok by the Boko Haram. n his book, Professor Mainoma highlighted on the influence of the traditional institution on modernity, arguing that while the roots of traditional institutions are ancient, they are however a repository of the history and the collective experience of a people. That history and the experience are foundations on which solid modern institutions are built, stressing that modern political idea of democracy in Europe emanated from traditional European institutions with their systems of thoughts, organization and belief. Giving an overview of the 40 years of the leadership of the emir, Mainoma has this to say,“In these 40 years, it has been found that the secret of his successful leadership lies in his name ISA MUSTAFA. He represents Integrity, Service, Accountability, Mentoring, Unity, Sacrifice, Transparency, Accessibility, Peace, Humility and Achievements.”On the attributes of the Emir of Lafia, the Deputy Vice-Chancellor, described Alhaji Isa Mustafa I as a staunch believer in the servant leadership school of thought, noting that the servant leader’s motive is not to direct the activities of followers but that it motivates, influences, inspires and empowers followers to focus on ways to serve others better. In a speech presented shortly before the Emir turbaned Gen. T. Y Danjuma and his wife, Sen. Daisy Danjuma, as the BardeBabba and Aminiya of Lafia respectively, Alhaji Ishaka Dauda, the Madakin Lafia and chairman Central Organizing Committee of the occasion, while welcoming guests at the event, stated that though a lot have gone unnoticed but that the legacies of the past

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40 years of the reign of Alhaji Isa Mustafa Agwai I, will set the pace and direction of development in the emirate for the next 40 years. Tracing the history of the reign of the monarch, the Madakin Lafia, disclosed that the present emir of Lafia ascended the throne at the young age of 39 and has successfully navigated through many tempestuous and exhilarating times. That Dr. Isa Mustafa Agwai I is the longest serving monarch in the history of the Saifawa-Bare-bari dynasty in Lafia, with the traditional ruler straddling the throne for nearly half of the total period (92 years) of the combined era of his predecessors.“The anniversary is therefore a presentation of an iconic leader, a man with insatiable appetite for service to his people, a benevolent guardian and an astute manager” the Madaki said. e added that under the leadership of the present emir, the Lafia emirate has been transformed from its near rural setting to the precipice of modern political and socio-economic development, stressing that Alhaji Isa Mustafa Agwai I is admittedly the father of the present Nasarawa state, having transformed Lafia, the state capital into a thriving centre of commerce, while his magnetic touch has attracted people from all walks of life and all parts of the country into his domain, creating a conducive environment for flourishing wealth and interactions.“In conclusion, I will like to reiterate that His Royal Highness is a man of peace and has always propagated for peaceful co-existence. We remain loyal and committed to this cause, we urge you to join us in prayers for a longer life for him in good health and prosperity of the emirate” Alhaji Ishaka added. Indeed, as observed by the Madakin Lafia, the people of Lafia deeply appreciate their emir, with a feeling of love for the monarch that is almost fanatical. As the emir marks his 40th year on the throne, the

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ordinary people could hardly disguise their affections for the traditional ruler as they poured out of their homes, fathers, mothers, brothers, sisters, boys and girls, to line the road leading to the emir’s palace. In an address by the Aku-Uka, Dr. Shekarau Angyu Masa-Ibi, the royal father from Taraba state, home state of Gen. T. Y Danjuma, while thanking God for making it possible for the people to witness the historic celebration of the 40th anniversary of the Emir of Lafia on the throne as well as the turbaning of distinguished Nigerians. While describing the event as epoch making in Lafia Emirate and indeed Nasarawa state as a whole, Shekarau Angyu, speaking on behalf of traditional rulers in Nigeria, congratulated the emir as well as eminent Nigerians who he said distinguished themselves and contributed positively in the development of the country and mankind. Angyu emphasized that the occasion is a new chapter because at 40 years on throne, the emir of Lafia, Alhaji Isa Mustafa Agwai I has now become second longest serving traditional ruler in the Northern part of the country and only next to the emir of Kano, Alhaji Ado Bayero who ascended to the throne in 1963.“The third is the emir of Zazzau, Alhaji Shehu Idris in 1975 and my humble self the Aku-Uka in 1976. our of us are now the most experienced traditional rulers in this part of the country. Our most important responsibility now is to champion the course of peaceful co-existence and unity of our dear nation” he stated.Commenting on the turbaning of Gen. T. Y Danjuma (rtd) by the Lafia emirate, the Aku-Uka described it as well deserved when thrown against the age long bond existing between him and the emir since their middle school days. Highlighting more on the attributes of

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Special Report

Pomp as the Emir of Lafia marks classy 40th anniversary on the throne Contd from Page 4 the title recipient, Angyu noted that T. Y Danjuma’s contributions in Nigeria and abroad is immeasurable and that he is a shining star well renowned for his humanitarian services since before his retirement from the military. In showcasing the significance of this particular event, the Aku-Uka recounted what transpired nearly two centuries ago when a group of Kanuri from Borno visited Wukari and being friendly and loyal to the Aku-Uka, were given a part of his territory to settle, which gave birth to Lafia.“The significance of today’s event is that myself as the Aku-Uka and the emir of Lafia, have come together to seal this relationship by honouring one of our prominent Jukun sons with the title of BardeBabba. istory has thus repeated itself, we wish this gesture will go a long way to unite not only the people of Lafia but the entire state with the Jukun kingdom” he observed.On his part, Governor Umaru Tanko Almakura, playing the host at the occasion, congratulated His Royal Highness, the emir of Lafia for attaining 40 years on the throne of his forebears which is the cradle of the Lafia emirate, stressing that his ascension to the throne in 1974 and his achievements in the past four decades, calls for a celebration.

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The governor stated that there is no doubt that the reign of Alhaji Isa Mustafa Agwai I has ushered in unprecedented development in Lafia and the entire state adding that indeed, this landmark development has occurred in the areas of power and water supply, telecommunication, modern roads network, the siting of the state capital in Lafia, the emir’s ascension to the exalted position of Chairman of the State Council of Chiefs, as well as the conferment on His Royal Highness of the prestigious national award of the Commander of the Federal Republic (CFR). “The giant strides which characterize your leadership are, no doubt, a testimony of your selflessness, dynamism, focus and Kashin-Arziki (Midas’ Touch). It is heartwarming to note that your de-tribalizeddisposition has earned you reputation as a beacon of hope, unity, peace, tranquility and harmonious coexistence” Al-makura stated.Still highlighting on the leadership qualities of the emir, Al-makura noted that it was gratifying to state that the royal father’s exemplary leadership of the state Council of Chiefs has greatly enhanced and repositioned the traditional institution, stressing that the pivotal role played by the traditional rulers and the corresponding synergy with government has contributed immensely to societal cohesion

Gov. Umaru Tanko Al-makura delivering a speech at the event and social stability. “The State Council of Chiefs under your inspiring leadership deserves commendation for its steadfastness in the collective effort aimed at curtailing the various security challenges which have bedeviled the state of recent” the Governor said.For the award recipient, Gen. T. Y Danjuma alongside his wife Senator Daisy Danjuma who were both turbaned the Barde-Babba and Aminiya of Lafia respectively, expressed deep appreciation to the Lafia emirate for giving them the honour, particularly the emir, Alhaji Isa Mustafa Agwai I who approved their nomination. hile still appreciating the emir, Danjuma said he and the emir have come a long way, stressing that the ceremony being witnessed is a culmination of childhood friendship that developed back in school days, which he said is being crowned by the honour

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Gen. T. Y. Danjuma being turbaned as Barde Babba of Lafia while his wife, Daisy watches.

done to him and his wife.President Goodluck Jonathan, represented by the Minister for Special Duties, Kabiru Tanimu Turaki, in a goodwill message, congratulated the government and people of the state and most particularly the emir of Lafia, Alhaji Isa Mustafa Agwai I. “It was like yesterday when Your Royal Highness ascended the throne of your ancestors in 1974 at the tender age of 39. 40 years on the throne, Your Royal Highness has matured and grown on the throne of your ancestors to become one of the most respected traditional rulers in this country today” the President said. resident Jonathan observed that the reign of the present emir of Lafia has not only seen a phenomenal growth of the people and the emirate but have welcomed and witnessed the emergence of Lafia not only as a great metropolitan city, not only as a centre of commerce and

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commercial activities but indeed as the headquarters of Nasarawa state. He noted that the role of the traditional institutions in restoring peace and peaceful co-existence as well as ensuring security and the general welfare of their people in their domain, will continue to be acknowledged by government, stressing that government will continue to partner and interface with royal fathers in the implementation of critical government programs. or the celebrant, the emir of Lafia, Alhaji Isa Mustafa I, who is also the Chancellor of the Federal University of Technology Akure, the national Vice-Chairman of the Jama’atul Nasrul Islam, as well as the national Vice Chairman, Supreme Council of Islamic Affairs in Nigeria, the momentous occasion was an opportunity to show appreciation to Almighty Allah for making his reign a success story so far.

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Sen. Daisy Danjuma after being turbaned as Aminiyar Lafiya.


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News

Gunmen kill Emir of Gwoza

By Patrick Andrew and Mustapha Kwaru with agency report

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uspected insurgents yesterday killed First Class traditional ruler, the Emir of Gwoza in Borno, Alhaji Idrissa Timta, in an attack along Tashan Alade in Biu Local Government Area of Borno state. Two other Emirs, who were in the company of the late Emir of Gwoza, Emir of Askira, Alhaji Abdullahi Ibn Muhammadu Askirama and the Emir of Uba, Alhaji Ali Ibn Ismaila Mamza, escaped unhurt, according to the Secretary to the Borno State Government, Baba Jidda. Though the statement said the two Emirs were unhurt it did not however state their where about thus increassing the fears that they may have been kidnapped by their attackers. Also, Peoples Daily Weekend learnt that the Nigerian soldiers and members of Boko Haram were engaged in a fierce gun battle in the Garkida town between Gombi and Hawul local government areas in Borno and Adamawa states respectively. Unconfirmed report had earlier indicated that the two Emirs were whisked away by members of the insurgent group around 10 am yesterday near Shaffa on their way to Gombe to attend the funeral of the Emir of Gombe, Shehu Abubakar, who died on Tuesday. Jidda said in a statement issued in Maiduguri that “the Borno government regrets to announce the unfortunate murder of His Royal Highness, the Emir of Gwoza, Alhaji Idrissa Timta. “The Emir was killed around 9 a.m. on Friday, following a bloody attack by some gunmen believed to be members of the Boko Haram in Tashan Alade on the way to Biu, headquarters of Biu Local Government Area. “The late Emir was in company of

Emir of Gwoza

•Kidnap two other monarchs •Soldiers, insurgents in gun battle

that the gunmen specifically targeted the vehicles conveying the three emirs and opened fire. “The Emir of Gwoza was unfortunately killed by the attackers while the Emirs of Askira and Uba escaped unhurt. A policeman in the convoy was also shot by the attackers but he survived the attack,’’ Jida said. The secretary said the late Emir was recently elevated to the position of a first class traditional ruler by Gov. Kashim Shettima of Borno and described the late Emir as “a great man who worked hard to promote peace and progress in Gwoza. He was a pillar and one of the rallying points in Borno State.’’ Jida prayed to Allah to admit the soul of the late Emir into aljanna Firadaus and give his family, members of the Gwoza Emirate

Council, the people of Gwoza, the State Council of Chiefs and the people of Borno the fortitude to bear the loss. According to reports, soldiers and Boko Haram members were fighting to gain control of the areas, which hitherto has been the stronghold of the insurgents. A top ranking military officer confirmed in a report that soldiers and Boko Haram fighters were until late last night fiercely engaged in another battle at Zhur forest close to Sangere, a Fulani settlement. Boko Haram militants had earlier been reported to have had field day in terrorizing villagers in the areas including travellers in some routes in Borno and Adamawa route. Zhur forest and Sangere villages are located in the southern part of Borno state, about 235 kilometers

from Maiduguri, the Borno state capital, which also has a history of robbery operations in the past. Already, there is panic in Garkida town, making residents to scamper to safety while military personnel were being dispatched to calm frayed nerves The officer said, “We have soldiers in Garkia, but you know the people have never experienced the sound of war. They are all afraid. We blocked the road so that people do not get entangled or rush to unsafe places. GSM Networks had been shutdown except for GLO line to allow for communication in Garkida.” The source said, the security operatives discovered that, the insurgents have been going from one village to another to collect money from the villagers and also force their young men to join the group or get killed. “Last week, we received report that they went to Shaffa, although they did not cause trouble. They only collected money from some people and asked them to get more money within a period of two week otherwise they would come and run down the whole village. “The two week would elapse tomorrow Saturday. When we heard the story that they were at Zhur with their fighters we promptly resolved to take the battle to their door step,” the officer said. Meanwhile, a statement by the Defence Headquarters said yesterday that the body of the late Emir of Gwoza has been recovered. the statement by Maj. Gen Chris Olukolade, Derector of Defence Information, said also that “ troops deployed in Garkida responded to the attack and Emirs of Uba and Askira were secured.”

lhaji Shehu Mustapha Idrisa Timta was born in 1942 to the family of the Late Chief of Gwoza Alh. Idrisa Timta. The Late Emir attended the Muslim Elementary School Gwoza in 1948 and Senior Primary School Bama between 1952 and 1960. He proceeded to the then Provincial Secondary School now Government College Maiduguri from 1960 to 1964. The Late Emir of Gwoza after working briefly as a teacher in Gwoza, proceeded to the prestigious ABU, Zaria to study Sharia Law in 1968 and later HND in the same discipline in 1972. Alh. Shehu Mustapha Id-

risa Timta has worked with the then North – East judiciary in various capacities as an inspector of Area Courts and rose to the rank of Principal Inspector of Area Courts before his appointment as the 3rd chief of Gwoza in October, 1981. The late Emir was elevated to a second class Emir in 1987 and due to his hard work and loyalty to Government, His Excellency the executive Governor of Borno State Hon. Kashim Shettima elevated him to the rank of a 1st class Emir in January, 2014. The late Emir is survived by four wives, 28 children and many brothers and sisters.

Among them are Alhaji Haruna Idrisa Timta, the former Head of Service, Borno state Alhaji Adamu Idrisa Timta, a Permanent Secretary with the Borno state Government, Alhaji Yusuf Timta, Secretary Gwoza Local Govt, and Alhaji Umar Timta of the Department of Petroleum Resources ,(DPR) Maiduguri. Among his children are Muhammad S. Timta, District Head of Hambagda, Isa S. Timta, Secretary of the Emirate Council, Lt. Abdulrazaq S. Timta of the Nigeria Army and Dr. Abubakar S. Timta. May his gentle soul rest in perfect peace and an eternal rest in Aljanna Firdaus

Gun bearing militants

the Emir of Askira, Alhaji Abdullahi Ibn Muhammadu Askirama and the Emir of Uba, Alhaji Ali Ibn Ismaila Mamza. “The late Emir of Gwoza had visited his counterpart, the Emir of Uba on Thursday and passed the night in Uba, ahead of their planned trip on Friday. “The two Emirs were joined by the Emir of Askira on Friday and the three drove in a convoy to Biu, where they were ambushed by gunmen around Tashan Alade.’’ The Borno SSG said the three traditional rulers, who drove in the same vehicle were on their way to Biu to pick the Emir of Biu. He said the four traditional rulers had planned to drive in convoy to Gombe State to attend the funeral of the Emir of Gombe, who was to be buried in Gombe on Friday adding

Biography of the murdered Emir of Gwoza A


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Electricity: Outrageous tarrif, poor services and consumers’ agony

A power transmisision plant By Patrick Andrew

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n 2013 alone electricity tarrif was raised at least thrice. That was done before the unbundling while a new regime was instituted ahead of the then impending transfer of ownership. The increments came in the face of epileptic services and consumers repeatedly complained to the authorities to no avail. With the unbundling of the behemoth, the Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) into 17 different outfits, consumers had hoped, and rightly too, that some measure of improvement in service would be attainable. They also believe enjoying these services would correspondingly means paying more than they had previously being paying. Hike in tarrif inevitably you would say. Their hope and expectation have remained a mirage. Of course, the consumers have little choice. They are used to epileptic services and high charges for services neither not rendered nor poorly done. The only other alternative is generating plants and mostly what is referred to in local parlance as “l pass my neignbour”. However, with the new regime, follow-

ing the unbundling of PHCN, which was completed in November last year, consumers were made aware of the impending yearly adjustment in tariff. They were also reminded last January by the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC) that this adjustment would come into effect on June 1. That came true on Monday, the NERC announced an increase in electricity tariff by

between N1 and N5. However, the commission said the new tarrif will not be evenly served to consumers nationwide, but will vary from state to state. ERC Chairman, Dr Sam Amadi, said the upward review is as provided for in the Multi-Year Tariff Order (MYTO) would take effect from June 1. According to him, the review ensures that most electricity distribution companies

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``The income of the average Nigerian cannot accommodate the extra cost of living, that any increase in price of power would provoke; neither can the social fabric withstand the negative fall-outs of such ill-advised action.”

(DISCOs) will retain the N750 fixed charge. The NERC said the unit cost of electricity would increase by N1 per kilowatt for customers in the R2 category from June 1. It said the fixed charge, which was to rise to N1,500 from June 1 in the Multi Year Tariff Order for 2014, would remain at N750 for some customers He said that the MYTO provides for biannual reviews that take effect on June 1 and Dec. 1 to ensure that some critical and financial variables underlying electricity tariff in Nigeria were realistic, fair and current. madi said the variables that determined the methodical reviews included rate of inflation, exchange rate, gas price and available power generation capacity in the country. “The MYTO provides that where the review shows that the aggregate of these variables have changed by plus or minus five per cent of the MYTO figures, the changes are significant and would result in a review of the tariff, “The present review shows certain significant changes. For instance, whilst MYTO had projected inflation rate of 13 per

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cent, the inflation as at March 30, is 7.8 per cent which is 5.2 per cent less than projected, “Similarly, MYTO projected an exchange rate of $1 to N178, but the March 30, 2014 data from the CBN shows a rate of N157.30 to $1, which is 11.6 per cent less than projected’’, he said. madi said some parts of the country would have reduced tariffs and others with slight increase based on the population covered by each DISCO, amount of electricity allocated and facility available to each DISCO. The NERC boss said that the review indicated a reduction of the wholesale tariff that would be paid to electricity generating companies (GENCOS) from June 1 and equally noted that the cost of the energy charge would have been much higher but for the good macroeconomics management that produced a real reduction in wholesale generation tariffs. He said that if the review had not been carried out, the fixed charge would have increased from the current N750 to about N1,500. “The energy charge component for each DISCO would also have increased depending on the power allocation to the DISCOs’’, he added. The NERC boss said that the three components that made up the total tariff paid by consumers included the generation, transmission and distribution. Amadi sought to explain the reason for the increase and attributed it to the decline in the supply of gas and cost the generation, transmission and distribution companies are compelled to pay that has necessitated some form of share of the burden with the consumers. According to him, the gas chal-

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PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Unions threaten mass protest over new tarrif lenge to the power plants and the fixed costs incurred in the three components needed to be spread over a much lower quantity of energy projected to be sold to consumers. Amadi said NERC would continue to ensure that electricity consumers had access to adequate and reliable electricity and put in place mechanisms for improved service delivery from the new electricity companies. “We were further told that some positive variables triggered the significant changes in the proposed tariff regime. For instance, whilst MYTO in 2012 had projected a 13 per cent inflation rate, it was at 7.8 per cent by March 30, a difference of 5.2 percent. “Also, exchange rate of $1 to N178 from CBN data was 11.6 per cent less than the projected, at N157.30 per $1 as at 30 March,” the commission said noting that the review indicates that a reduction of the wholesale tarrif that would be paid to the GENCOS is only one third of the three components that make up the total tarrif paid by consumers. He was also quick to point out that another reason for the minor review was “available generation capacity” adding that the gross available capacity from the grip as of March 31 when the review was due “is 4306 mega watt,” which the NERC said was well below the projected 9061 MW that had been used in its projection of the 2012 MYTO2. rue, the megawatts may have fallen far below expectation as had the shortfall in

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gas supply leading to hike in cost. But so has the earning power of Nigerians. Many are unemployed or have lost their jobs because of the inadequacies in the economic system leading to uncertainty, demise of sectors that had hitherto been relied upon to cater for the huge manpower yearly chunked out from the universities and the dismal cash flow in the system, basic necessities have become luxuries with few barely able to meet these demands. Little wonder, the Trade Union Congress of Nigeria (TUC) swiftly rose in stout condemnation of the planned hike in electricity tarrif by the NERC. The

Congress’s National President and Secretary-General, Malam Bobboi Kaigama and Mr Musa Lawal, respectively in a statement made available to Peoples Daily Weekend on Wednesday in Abuja, said the move was uncalled for and described it as another deliberate attempt by some cabal to further exploit the already impoverished masses of the country. he congress argued that since power supply and distribution situation in the country had remained comatose even after the privatisation of the sector, contrary to the promise to tackle the inherent challenges, hike in tarrif should not have beeen now until such a time when services must have improved considerably. The union, therefore, found no logic in the increment stressing that it was not only indefensible but that the government had apparently concluded plans to increase the tariff before now and had accordingly collided with the new owners to rip off Nigerians. The congress said rather than acceded to the hike the government should have prevailed on the private sector electricity providers to increase power supply and distribution in the country first before approaching them for consideration of a possibly slight increment in electricity tarrif. Like it has been admitted, the congress collaborated that lack of steady electricity supply had led to the demise of many industries within the last few years while many companies had wound up or fled the country. It said reviving these industries should have been the priority of the government through conscious efforts to boost

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power supply which inevitably would strengthen industrial base and boost employment opportunities for the mass of unemployed persons. Also adding to this argument, Nigerian Institution of Electrical Electronics Engineers (NIEEE), appealed to the Federal Government to first consider improvement on electricity supply before succumbing to any demand for increase in tariffs. President of the institution, Mr Adekunle Makinde, frowned at the upward review of the tariff and expressed the fear that the hike could lead to another round of protest by consumers across the nation. ccording to the NIEE, Nigerians have not had the best in terms of quality of service as they are daily assailed by erratic power supply and are yet to enjoy stable power supply even for six hours as to merit the new tarrif. “Now that the government is compelling consumers to pay more, it might result in another round of protests. The consumers are already protesting against poor power supply in every area in Lagos, so why do you have to increase power tariff when the supply is not regular?” “By encouraging the private investors to increase tariff for electricity that is not being supplied, the government is lending credence to the belief in some quarters that these so-called private companies were floated by the political elite to further impoverish the Nigerian people,” asked. “We are particularly galled by

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PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Contd from Page 8 the fact that although the power sector has gulped billions of naira, the country still appears hopelessly trapped in a vicious circle of non-productivity and lack of adequate power supply, essentially because of the insincerity and corrupt practices of our ‘ogas at the top,’” it said. “Incidentally, since November 1, 2013 when the defunct Power Holding Company of Nigeria was ceded to 18 successor firms, electricity generation in the country has revolved around 3,000 megawatts. “It is, therefore, clear that the private sector investors have not performed any miracle to improve electricity supply; instead, they are bent on imposing higher tariff on helpless Nigerians who are already paying exorbitant bills for the power they do not consume. “In the circumstance, we advice the commission not to contemplate any increment in electricity tariff until there is appreciable stability in the sector across the country,” the union noted stressing that the truth of the matter was that Nigerians desired stable and affordable power supply. Though he said the increment may not come as a surprise because investors had from the moment they took over ownership of the different companies of the unbundled PHCN being agitating for the hike while doing little or nothing to improve services. The argument on the drop in supply is tenable. The TUC reminded us that since Nov. 1, 2013 when the defunct Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) was ceded to 17 successor firms, electricity generation in the country had revolved around 3,000 megawatts. It stated that the Daily Operational Report of the Transmission Company of Nigeria power generation had dropped from 4,105 megawatts in April to 3,674 megawatts as at May 24, 2014 The statement said that it was clear that the private sector investors had not performed any miracle to improve electricity supply rather they were bent on imposing higher tariff on helpless Nigerians who were already paying exorbitant bills for power they do not consume. It advised the commission not to contemplate any increment in electricity tariff until there was appreciable stability in the sector across the country. ``We demand that the commission jettisons the idea or risk incurring the wrath of workers and other Nigerians. The proposed tariff hike is anti-people and anti-labour. We, therefore, call on the management of the power firms and their regulator to have a rethink about it. ``The income of the average Nigerian cannot accommodate the extra cost of living, that any

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High tarrif and consumers’ agony increase in price of power would provoke; neither can the social fabric withstand the negative fallouts of such ill-advised action.” It called on all Nigerian workers and other Nigerians to gird their loins in readiness to resist the planned increase. Both the TUC and NIEE said whether it is the industrial cities of Lagos, Port Harcourt, Warri or even the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), the increment would inflict pains on the masses in these cities since every one resident in these cities are not affluent members of the society. “You also have the low income earners, the petty traders and several others that do menial jobs to survive. They too are Nigerians, reside in these cities and would be compelled to bear the same cost for the consumption of the electricity,” a senior member of the congress said. Also joining the fray, the National Union of Electricity Employees (NUEE) said it would not accept the proposed increase in electricity tariff because it would only compound the hardship Nigerians were going through in the midst of erratic power supply. General Secretary of the union, Mr Joe Ajeero, in a statement said: “We shall stand to reject any hike in the electricity tariff. We told them when they were privatising this sector that they will add to the burden of the people, but they insisted and have their way by force. The union leader said most of the new investors were trapped because they did not know the problems in the sector before rushing to the bank for loan. “Much as the electricity is seen as social and economic issues, people are going for profit maximisation so the situation will still get worsen. Since they didn’t know the financial viability and they bought, this is what will happen. I want to say that this is just the beginning. We would be lucky if there is no regulatory hijack which will be the end.” Amadi had said that the MYTO provided for bi-annual reviews that would take effect on June 1 and December 1 to ensure that some critical and financial variables underlying electricity tariff in Nigeria were still realistic and current. “These variables are the rate of inflation, the exchange rate, gas price and available generation capacity. To ensure that the Nigerian electricity market remains financially viable and able to attract investment to improve capacity and reliability, electricity prices are indexed to changes in variables,” he said.

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mmanuel Ogunde decried the new tarrif noting that the private sector driven electricity supply has done relatively lower than the PHCN in quality of service and cost. “Previously, I used to pay N3000 for 158 unit which for a minimum of a month two weeks, but now with the same amount one is given 137 units and surprisingly it barely lasts for three weeks. It means that the private company (DISCOS) are cheats, you pay more get less unit and it finishes more fastest than it used

to,” he said noting that with the new tarrif the consumers with be subjected to agony. “Had they improved on the supply one won’t really noticed the high cost, but with poor services, high cost becomes easily noticed and of course, we as consumers are bound to raise objection even though the government will don nothing to come to our rescue.” aude Bello corroborated stating that he too has been a victim of outrageous tarrif.

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his usual flat rate has been hiked by 50% while regrettably service reman poor. “One wonders what difference the unbundling or privatization of PHCN has made since the new owners have not fared better in terms of quality and quantity supply, instead we are assailed with increased tarrif while the NERC which has the statutory responsibility to regulate the hike in tarrif seems to applaud them.”


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CBN wants more competent Chief compliance officers

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he Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) on Friday urged Commercial Banks and Discount Houses to appoint only persons with requisite qualifications as Chief Compliance Officers (CCOs). The apex bank said in a circular posted on its Website that some CCOs in some banks and discount houses did not have the qualifications for the positions they occupied. While the CBN declined to make the necessary and needed qualifications, it also said that some of the CCOs fell below the general manager grade and were appointed without the prior approval of the regulator. It described the situation as worrisome, more so when the officers are prevented from reporting directly to the board of directors. According to the circular, Section 9 (1) of the Money Laundering (Prohibition) Act, 2011, required commercial banks and discount houses to designate management staff as CCOs that will operate at the headquarters and branches. Under the same section, the CCOs should have the relevant competence, authority and independence to implement their compliance programme. It also urged the banks and discount houses to ensure that no CCO in their institutions is below the grade of general manager, without the CBN’s prior approval. The circular said that the CCOs should report to the board of directors with “dotted lines” to the banks managing directors without interlocking roles. It said that particulars of all current CCOs, with evidence of the CBN approval of same and reporting line, should be forwarded to the Director of Banking Supervision, within one week. The CBN said that irregular attendance of CCOs at the monthly meetings of the Committee of Chief Compliance Officers of Banks in Nigeria (CCCOBIN) had made it difficult for them to take vital decisions. It also added that the CBN would monitor the attendance by CCOs at the monthly meetings of the CCCOBIN and would not hesitate to take the appropriate regulatory action to stem the unsatisfactory attendance. CBN had on Aug. 8th, 2002 and July 8th, 2013, directed banks and discount houses to designate Chief Compliance Officers, not below the grade of a general manager.

PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Commuters protest planned hike in train fare

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undreds of train users yesterday barricaded the entrance of the Nigerian Railway Corporation (NRC) Headquarters, Ebute Meta, Lagos, in protest of a proposed increase in train fare. TheNRChadannouncedtheincrease three days earlier noting the hike would affect Lagos/Ijoko Mass Transit Train Services (MTTS) and that it rise from N150 to N230 with effect from June 2. It said that its new and air-conditioned trains scheduled to begin services from June 3 will cost N750 per trip. The protesting commuters said that the services were not only poor but costly even as they said that the management of the NRC did not deem it necessary to consult with them before considering any increase in fare. Their Spokesman, Mr Olubolu Oladapo, said that there was nothing impressive in the services to warrant the increase adding that the increase would be a burden to the commuters. “The management of the NRC is

not taking the masses into consideration. It takes decisions without consulting the people. To worsen the situation, the management said that children from three years to 14 years will be purchasing tickets; it is unfair. “We are clustered in the train; there is no light in the train; that is why we are saying we do not want any increase,“ he said while another commuter, Mrs Olupetan Olatundun, called on the NRC management to reconsider the increase. Another protester, Mr Rasak Adebowale, said that it was unjustifiable for NRC to increase train fare. “We are surprised at the increase because NRC does not have any reason whatsoever. The services are for commoners; this step is to further punish us,’’ Adebowale said. Mr James Gyang, Deputy Director, Research, Health and Safety in the NRC, told the protesters that the increase was to give commuters improved and safer services.

“There is the need for us to improve in the services. We want to make it better and solve the problem of congestion. As we speak, we have six brand new coaches because we want everyone to ride comfortably. “Whatever we are doing is in the interest of everybody; we do not want to go back to the old era. We need to improve and sustain the services, “ Gyang said and appealed to commuters to be patient and accept the decision. Mr Nyats Jatau , the Commissioner of Police, Railway Police Command, urged the peaceful protesters to co-operate with the NRC. “The director has said that five of you should attend a meeting with the management to discuss the way forward. l urge others to go for their day’s jobs in peace. Any breach of peace will attract an appropriate penalty,’’ Jatau said. Meanwhile a group — Concerned Passengers – on Friday appealed to the Minister of Transport and the NRC

board to use their good offices to stop the planned fare increase. Spokesman for the group, Mr Victor Abraham, said during the protest that the increase was unjust and claimed that the NRC services were poor to attract increase in cost. He said that the group had already forwarded the letter of appeal to the minister and the chairman of the board. “We have told them to pay unscheduled visit to the corporation or send a monitoring unit to ascertain the state of the corporation’s coaches, lack of respect for passengers and unnecessary delay passengers experience. “We appealed to the minister and the NRC managing director to ensure that the corporation improves in its services before increasing is fare. “We have told them to ask why the corporation has in the past two years abandoned its second track and operated only on one track,’’ Abraham said.

L-R: Gov. Ibrahim Dankwambo of Gombe State; Gov. Murtala Nyako of Adamawa and Deputy Governor of Bauchi state, Alhaji Sagir Saleh, at the burial of the Emir of Gombe, Alhaji Shehu Abubakar, yesterday in Gombe. Photo: NAN

DHQ uncovers plot to discredit military

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he Defence Headquarters said on Friday that it had uncovered a plot by some groups to embark on a campaign of calumny aimed at discrediting the military. This is contained in a statement signed by Maj.-Gen Chris Olukolade, Director of Defence Information, in Abuja. The statement said that the campaign was aimed at indicting the military and its operations in the Northern part of the country. ``The campaign, which is to rely heavily on doctored and falsified audio

visual materials, is already trending in the social media. `` The materials are to be coordinated and funded by a prominent political leader whose state is presently under the State of Emergency. ``The details of the plan, which is (are) already being fine-tuned by a group of media practitioners, is (are) to be presented for the final ratification and funding by the political figure, ‘’ it said. The statement said that the campaign was expected to forcefully whip up sentiments of genocide allegedly

targeted against a particular religious group. It alleged that the perpetrators also hoped to use it to gain some mileage in the drive to secure international attention. ‘’They have not achieved this sufficiently despite previous efforts. ``The military reiterates its rejection of pictures and video footages from unverifiable sources claiming to reflect activities or so called atrocities purportedly perpetrated by Nigerian security forces. ``They do not reflect or depict the true state of affairs or operations of

Nigerian military or any of the security forces,’’ the statement said. It, however, advised the public to watch out and not allow themselves to be hoodwinked by these acts of infamy orchestrated by this desperate group. The statement said that the dastardly acts of terrorism were against all Nigerians and all peace- loving people all over the world. It said that no amount of propaganda by apologists or terror group could justify the evil acts of terrorism by attempting to cast the Nigerian military and security forces in bad light.

Wamakko begins sale of residential houses

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n furtherance of his unwavering commitment to good governance and the fulfillment of his campaign promise to sell government built houses to staff and occupants of such quarters, Sokoto State Gov, Aliyu Wamakko has set in motion the process of assisting staff to become owners of such houses.. A statement by the Sokoto state Commissioner for Information, Nasir Danl;adi Bako said yesterday that the first week of June 2014 is the commencement date for the actualization of this dream expected to make hundreds of civil servants become landlords. According to the statement, on assumption of office in 2007, the Wamakko administration

built 500 housing units in Bado, Sokoto and subsequently sold them to qualified occupants on a cash and carry basis. It is expected that the sale of the present batch of houses will follow the same format, but with certain concessions and restrictions which will be enforced and regulated to the letter by the Sokoto Urban and Regional Planning Board, the statement said. Wamakko who gave the directive in Sokoto yesterday, Wamakko declared that each potential beneficiary will be allowed to buy only one house and no more. “Any attempt at multiple allocation or multiple purchase by one person, directly or through proxies,

falsification or forgery that is undertaken by anyone will attract drastic measures against such persons. The Governor explained that all the houses have been demarcated and valued, while the occupants have also been screened,: the statement said. While congratulating the successful beneficiaries, he assured civil servants and other residents who did not get an allocation on this round that his government is building a new ultra modern housing estate near Arkilla which will be ready in 9months time and allocation is expected to follow the same transparent process, the statement said.


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Amnesty: Northern govs urge Boko Haram to embrace peace

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ov. Babangida Aliyu of Niger has called on Boko Haram to embrace the peace initiative proposed by President Goodluck Jonathan through granting of amnesty to its members. Aliyu made the call on Friday in Minna in his capacity as Chairman, Northern States Governors’ Forum.

The call which is contained in a statement issued by his Chief Press Secretary, Mr Israel Ebije, quoted the governor as saying that the president’s amnesty offer was a welcome idea. Aliyu said that the Northern states’ governors were ready to cooperate and support the Federal Government to address the grievances of the insurgents in order to en-

sure their successful re-integration into the larger society. The statement described the amnesty offer as laudable because it would help restore peace and harmony in troubled areas of the country. It quoted the governor as appealing to the sect members to lay down their arms, saying that peace and stability was essential to the

region’s development and growth. It said that insecurity had increased fear, encouraged suspicion and put national development in reverse gear. It said that effort must be put in place to ensure that every window of opportunity needed to curb the surging violence was exploited to the very end. (NAN)

ECOWAS leaders meet on Mali, Nigeria

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n extra-ordinary summit of ECOWAS leaders to discuss the security situations in Mali and Nigeria, among other issues, opened in Accra on Friday. The day-long summit is the first to be hosted by Ghana’s President, John Mahama since his election as ECOWAS Chairman in February. It is coming in the wake of the latest clashes between rebel groups in Kidal, northern Mali and government forces. The clash resulted in the loss of lives and left thousands of people displaced. Also of great concern is the worsening security situation in Nigeria, where the insurgent group, Boko Haram, recently stepped up its attacks and also abducted over 200 school girls. West African leaders have rallied support for Nigeria in battling the sect, which has killed over 12,000 people since launching its violent campaign in 2009. President Mahama will address the summit while ECOWAS Commission President, Kadré Ouédraogo will present memoranda on the security situations in the two member countries.

APC National Leader and former Head of State Gen. Muhammadu Buhari laying the foundation of the multi-billion 10 megawatts Tiga Hydro-Electricity Power Station on Friday being undertaken by Kano state government. He was being assisted by Gov. Rabi’u Musa Kwankwaso of Kano state at Tiga dam, the project site. Also work on the 25 megawatts projects at Challawa-Gorge totalling N14.2 billion has also reached advance stage. Photo: Govt. House, Kano.

Extra-judicial killing: Court orders police to pay N15m compensation to 2 families

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Federal High Court in Jalingo on Friday ordered the Nigerian Police Force to pay N7.5 million compensation for extra-judicial killing of two persons. The deceased are Terhile Ikpila and Loho Dutse, both of Wukari Local Government Area of Taraba. The ruling followed a case filed on Feb. 4 by Peter Ikpila and Bem Dutse, accusing the police of unlawfully killing the deceased on Nov. 16, along Jalingo-Wukari road. Counsel to the plaintiffs, Mr Augustine Chukwuma, said the police killed the deceased when they were travelling to Wukari for a night church programme. Chukwuma said that his deceased were ordered to lie face down by arm robbers, who robbed them and fled only for police to arrive and killed the helpless victims extra-judicially. He said the action of the police contravened the fundamental human rights of the

deceased as contained in Sections 33 (1) and 46 of the 1999 constitution as amended. Chukwuma prayed the court to direct the police to pay each of the families N400 million compensation for the damage done since they refused to fish out the officers who carried out the killings. ``The armed robbers had gone at the time the police team arrived, but the victims were still lying down in fear and did not know that the people that came were policemen. ``It was after they had shot and killed the deceased and injured Terhemen Meer that Bem Francis screamed that they were not armed robbers, but were forced to lie down by the armed robbers,’’ he said. Counsel to the police, Mr Henry Ogbeiwi, argued that it was stray bullets from the exchange of gunfire between the police and the robbers that killed the victims. In his judgment, Justice Donatus

Okorowo ruled that the plaintiff’s counsel had proved his case beyond reasonable doubt, and that the deceased were killed extra-judicially by the police. ``The police took no precaution to avoid hurting the victims and killing the deceased; they were reckless with the use of fire arms that resulted in the deprivation of right of life of the deceased. ``Extra-judicial killing is condemnable and all civilised persons should rise and speak against it. ``There should be respect for human lives as no one is permitted to take the life of another except in few circumstances permitted by law. ``Although the plaintiff demanded N400 million each, I consider the payment of N7.5 million to each of the families as reasonable compensation for the loss of life of each of the deceased,’’ he ruled. (NAN)

13 perish in Sokoto road mishap

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o fewer than 13 persons, including women and children, were burnt to ashes in a Thursday night road crash at Tudun-Dukiya village near Dogon Karfe, about 10 kms to Illela town in Sokoto state. The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the accident was said to have occurred at about 9 p.m. It involved a Peaugeot J-5 bus travelling from Jos to Illela and a Toyota Starlet car travelling from Illela to Sokoto. The Sector Commander of the Federal Roads Safety Commission (FRSC) in Sokoto state, Dr Umar Gummi, confirmed the report to NAN in Sokoto on Friday. Gummi said that the two vehicles caught fire after a head-on collision. The commander also said that 14 other victims were injured. Gummi said that some of them were seriously injured with some having first degree burns. He said that some of the injured persons were receiving treatment at the Illela General Hospital, while others were referred to the Uthmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto. ``As for the deceased persons, they were burnt to ashes and it is too difficult to recognise them,” Gummi explained.


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PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Page 14

Crime Cycle

Stanley Onyekwere pmlcrimecycle@gmail.com 08138559513

Husband charged with stealing wife’s jewelry A

52-year old businessman, Taiwo Ajayi, was arraigned in an Oshodi Magistrates’ court, Lagos, for allegedly stealing his wife’s jewelry valued at N100, 000. The Prosecutor, Cpl. Kehinde Olatunde, told the court that Ajayi of No. 4A, Oremeji St., Ilupeju, Lagos, the accused committed the offence on May 10 at his residence. Olatunde said that the accused stole a gold chain valued at N100,000, belonging to his wife, Mrs Lennah Ajayi. “The accused stole the complainant’s jewelry under the pretext of packing out of the house,’’ he said. According to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), Olatunde said that the accused had packed his properties from the house because of a misunderstanding between him and his wife. “The accused came to the house

to pack his belongings, ending the marriage between them due to unresolved issues. “He removed the three air conditioners in the flat, two refrigerators and some other household items, leaving his wife and his three children, “ the prosecutor said. Olatunde said that the accused made away with the complainant’s gold chain which she bought with her money. The prosecutor said the offence contravened Section 285 of the Criminal Law of Lagos State, 2011. Section 285 prescribes a threeyear jail term for offenders. However, the accused pleaded not guilty to the charge and was granted bail in the sum of N50, 000 with one surety in like sum. The Magistrate, Mr. Akeem Fashola, adjourned the case to June 16 for hearing proper.

Housekeeper docked for theft of employer’s jewelry

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CJN Mariam Aloma Mukhtar

Police arraign bizman for stealing T-shirts

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businessman, Chikwebe Nwa, 22, on Wednesday appeared in an Abuja Senior Magistrates’ court, for allegedly stealing T-shirts and Indian gowns valued at N253, 400. The News Agency of Nigeria reports that Nwa, of Dape village, Abuja, is charged with five counts of joint act, criminal breach of trust, cheating, criminal intimidation and theft, before Senior Magistrate Mr. Abdullahi Illelah. The prosecutor, Cpl. Simon Emmanuel, told the court that one Mr. Chinoso Onyenekwe of Karmo village, Abuja, lodged a report at the Life Camp Police Station on

May 21. Emmanuel said that on March 4, the accused person and one Kalachi Eze, now at large, came to his shop at Utako Market. He said they collected T-shirts and Indian gowns worth N150,000 with an agreement to sell the cloths and pay him the money but they breached the contract. The prosecutor said on March 28, while Onyenekwe was in his house, the accused person entered his room and stole a cell phone valued at N10,000 and also took the key to his shop.

The prosecutor said when Onyenekwe got to his shop; which he discovered that Nwa had stolen more T-shirts worth N93, 400. He said all the items allegedly stolen by the accused person were valued at N253,400. He said when the complainant confronted the accused to pay him his money, Nwa threatened to kill him. The prosecutor said the offence contravened sections 79, 312, 322, 397 and 288 of the Penal code respectively; that if convicted, he is liable to 14 years in prison. He pleaded not guilty when the charges were read to him.

or allegedly stealing his employer’s jewelry, worth N2million, a 27-year old housekeeper, Sylvia Omotosho, has appeared before an Ebute Meta Chief Magistrates’ court in Lagos, charged witha two-count charge of conspiracy and stealing. The accused resides at 29, Adetoro Ipaye St., Graceland Estate, Ajah, Lagos State, where the complainant, Mrs. Zuliat Unubun, lives, The prosecutor, Insp. Richard Odigie, told the court that the crime was committed on March 28 at the complainant’s residence. He said that the housekeeper stole the jewellery and kept it with the gatekeeper “The housekeeper disappeared with some of the jewellery while she left some with the gatekeeper,” Odigie told the court. He said that the offences contravened Sections 285 and 409 of the Criminal Law of Lagos State, 2011. The accused, however, pleaded not guilty to the two counts of the charge. The Chief Magistrate, Mrs. E.B. Daodu, granted him bail in the sum of N200, 000, with two sureties in like sum. She said that each of the sureties should show evidence of three years tax payment to the Lagos State Government as part of the bail conditions. The News Agency of Nigeria reports that section 285 prescribes three years imprisonment for stealing, while Section 409 stipulates two years jail term for conspiracy. Daodu adjourned the case to June 2 for hearing.

Tailor bags 6 months’ imprisonment Landlord in court over fraud for stealing electronics against tenant

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ne Muhammed Ismail, 20, a tailor, is to spend six months in prison, for stealing electronics worth N200,000, following his sentence by a Senior Magistrates’ court, in Life Camp, Abuja, Ismail of Angwa Beri-beri village, Abuja, was charged with three counts of house breaking, trespass and theft. Senior Magistrate Idaiyat Akanbi sentenced Ismail after he pleaded guilty. Akanbi did not give the convict an option of fine.

The magistrate, in her judgment, said that stealing was becoming rampant and stressed the need to punish offenders to deter others. Akanbi also ordered the convict to pay N200,000 to the nominal complainant. She ordered that failure to pay the money would attract another jail term of six months. Earlier, the police prosecutor, Insp. Bitrus Audu, told the court that one Mr. Njoku Pascal, of Life Camp extension reported the matter at Life Camp Police Station on

May 22. Audu said that on the day in question, the convict went to the complainant’s house with two others now at large. He said they broke the window and gained access into one of the rooms in his house and stole a plasma television, a Samsung galaxy phone, a Blackberry curve phone, all valued at N200,000. The prosecutor said the offence contravened sections 79, 356 and 288 of the Penal code, respectively.

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51-year old landlord, Ganiyu Arowolo, who allegedly obtained money by false pretences from a tenant, has appeared before an Ikorodu Magistrates’ court, in Lagos. According to the Prosecutor, Cpl. Bosede Adegeshin, the landlord collected N764,000 from Mr Felix Brown for a shop but suddenly told Brown to pack out. “Arowolo collected money from the complainant, but suddenly told him to move out because another person paid a higher rent. “Since then, he has refused to refund the money he collected from the complainant, while another person has occupied the shop,’’ the prosecutor said.

She said that the accused fraudulently obtained the money on Feb. 11, at No. 28, Ikorodu Road, Ikorodu. Adegeshin said that the offence contravened Section 313 (1) of the Criminal Law of Lagos State, 2011. The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that Section 313 provides for 15 years imprisonment for obtaining money by false pretences. The accused, however, pleaded not guilty to the charges. The Magistrate, Mrs. A.S. Odusanya, granted him bail in the sum of N200, 000 with two sureties. She adjourned the case to June 26 for further hearing.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Page 15

Politics

Democracy: 15 years on, some gains, losses By Patrick Andrew

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or 15 unbroken years, democracy has thriven in Nigeria. That is civil rule has been sustained since 1999 when Gen. Abdulasalami Abubakar handed over power to retired Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo after 16 years of jackboot rule. Not a few had thought the journey would last this long. Events within these years have given more than enough reasons to doubt the democratic credentials of most of those in the vanguard of civil rule. Except for the sudden death of Umar yar’Adua, three persons have ruled Nigeria through the ballot box. Olusegun Obasanjo, Umar Yar’Adua and Goodluck Jonathan have taken turns to accept the mandate of Nigerians and allowed the National Assembly to dictate the pace of governance. Only on Thursday, President Jonathan paid tribute to all those who played a part in restoring the nation to the true path of democratic governance and deference to the current mood of the nation, directed a low-key celebration. “As a result of our collective efforts since 1999, democratic governance is now entrenched in our nation and institutions. I wholeheartedly believe that our people are the better for it. “The scope of fundamental rights and liberties enjoyed by our people over the past 15 years has been expanded beyond measure,” he said giving a mention to one of the thorny issues on the path of the nation: insurgency. Jonathan described insurgency as a distraction meant to derailed the steady democratic strides which he believes have launched Nigeria in the path of lasting development. “All these distractions were planned to bring this government down, since they failed, terror will also fail. Forces of darkness will never prevail over light, I call on all Nigerians to continue to pray and with God on our side, we shall overcome,” he said. The former Bayelsa state governor and later Vice president under late Yar’Adua said Nigeria has recorded concrete development indices in the past 15 years than it did during the years of the military junta. “As a result of our collective efforts since 1999, democratic governance is now entrenched in our nation and institutions. I wholeheartedly believe that our people are the better for it. “The scope of fundamental rights and liberties enjoyed by our people over the past 15 years has been expanded beyond measure.” Specifically, the president said that Nigeria under his watch has witnessed high national economic growth rates, steady improvements and expansion of national infrastructure. He went further to articulate some of the significant development strides in institutions and facilities across the length and breadth of the country. The president specifically mentioned the expansion in airports and roads, the restoration of rail transportation, the efficient implementation of a roadmap for improved power supply and a rejuvenated agriculture sector. In spite of the hiccups in the education sector where ASUU was on strike for almost six months under his watch and the ASUP are currently still on strike barely a fortnight to one year, Jonathan said progress has been

President Jonathan made. Advancement in sports, youth development, healthcare delivery, housing, water supply and other social services, were equally listed even though many would have reasons to doubt some of these achievements. Sports in particular, Nigeria participated in two of the three World Cup finals and will feature in the fourth one this month. Within the period, it won the Africa Cup of Nations, silver and four bronze and ruled the world in the U-17 twice and won silver once. In athletics, the country has been in form of reckoning especially with the likes of Blessing Okagbare, Samuel Okon Peter won the WBC heavy weight title and so many others at the African and Commonwealth level. ne major achievement under the democratic regime is the unbundling of the telecommunication sector which has made communication a lot easier than it used to be under the military rule. Then, reaching someone by telephone was Herculean so much that one big man was alleged to have said that “telephone is not for the poor” and that indeed was a truth. Securing a telephone line under NITEL was as good as sipping water from a flinty rock: almost impossible. Not anymore. GSM facilities have made all that easier. In the oil and gas sector, Jonathan said democratic governance has ensured that the sector enjoyed promotion of a sustainable local content policy, better opportunities for Nigerian entrepreneurs and skilled personnel. “We have developed strong financial markets and regulatory institutions. Our banks now have regional and global footprints. “Nigeria has also gained recognition as the largest economy in Africa, the most preferred investment destination in the continent, in terms of returns on investment, the fourth in the world. “We are pleased that the world has noticed, as global leaders converged in Abuja early this month for the World Economic Forum in Africa.” It was obvious the president was delighted with the WEF which he said has brought the prospect of an additional flow of investment into the Nigerian economy estimated at over 68 billion dollars over the next few years. He said the country had equally

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Chief Obasanjo done well in foreign relations by establishing and strengthening strong partnerships with all ECOWAS countries and the rest of the world. “This has helped to deepen Nigeria’s leadership role in multilateral institutions, including the United Nations,” he said. The president said that under his administration, the nation made consistent progress in the standard of elections. Not many will agree, but unlike the era of President Obasanjo where court rulings were flouted with reckless abandon, subsequent governments have shown respect to court judgments especially on elections. The electoral umpire though still imperfect going by the flops it recorded in the Edo and Anambra governorship elections and many others. It is however worthy of note that the electoral malpractices are more a product of the political parties than the umpires. The reason is that the different political parties in places where they are in charge have done everything in and outside the books to impose themselves on the people. Lack of internal democracy in the political parties remained a challenge. Nonetheless, public angst against the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has been louder and there are clear indications that the Mahmud Jega-led INEC has been listening and working assiduously to make amend. ries for improved democratic principles have resulted in conferences: Under the Obasanjo government, one was held with late Justice Charles Oputa presiding. Its resolution was discarded in spite of the beautiful recommendations because someone attempted to bring in from the back door an agenda that was inimical to democratic practice: Third term. Now, another one headed by Justice Idris Legbo Kutigi is ongoing and as usual the tempo of debates has been vigorous, lively and exposes all the niceties and the inadequacies peculiar with a multi-language and ethnic society. Jonathan had, while inaugurating the conference, said it was initiated to make recommendations on the best ways of resolving the nation’s current political and socio-economic challenges.

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The late Yar’adua

“It is our expectation that its outcomes will help to further consolidate the gains we have made from democracy in the past 15 years, and place our dear nation even more firmly on the path to greatness,” he said. That Nigerians are freely discussing issues bordering on the constitution is in itself a plus considering that not a few had previously doubted the sincerity and true representation of the collective endeavours and aspirations of the Nigerian people in the 1999 constitution as amended because it remains solely the product of the military. “It was never done by we the people of Nigeria” rather it was the product of a few undemocratic elements who imposed their wishes on the people through the bullet and felt they were doing the people a favour by giving them a warp document in the name of a constitution,” one of the delegates to the conference said. However, like many other Nigerians, the delegate urged the government to step up the fight against corruption as that was the only way of building public trust and confidence in the government. “We need to celebrate; going by our previous experience, we have not had a thriving democracy as we have now. However, President Goodluck Jonathan should get rid of corrupt cabinet members and public office holders as a way of strengthening our democracy,’’ he said. political analyst, Mr Emeka Oraba, said there were many reasons to celebrate 15 years of democracy in Nigeria stressing that Nigeria has remained a corporate entity despite numerous and daunting security challenges is enough reason to celebrate its democracy. “I find it annoying when some people say that there is nothing to celebrate. Such pessimist forget that only few countries will still remain stable and united if they had the same type of politically-induced security challenges Nigeria is having. “I am not saying that President Goodluck Jonathan has performed wonderfully well, but based on the circumstances he is operating, he has tried. There is a reasonable improvement on infrastructure; look at the Lokoja-Abuja road; look at the extent of Abuja Light Rail project, I

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never thought that project could go this far. Nonetheless, he said that true democracy must reflect in the quality of lives of the common citizens and urged the government to do more in terms of providing employment and social welfare. Dr Adewale Yagboyaju, Senior Lecturer, Department of Political Science, University of Ibadan, said that the issue of constitutionalism was still germane to the improvement of democracy in Nigeria. He urged politicians to abide by the rules set for electioneering, honour the ethics of politics and good governance and eschew maladministration while in public office. ``It is instructive that our politicians begin to act like statesmen and not subordinate our common will for their own selfish desires,’’ Yagboyaju said. Dr Ferdinard Otto, Lecturer, Department of Political Science, University of Lagos, said that corruption in public affairs needed to be addressed for the people to benefit more from the nation’s democracy. He said that it was important for governments at all levels to cooperate with anti-corruption agencies to combat the scourge of corruption within their domains. ``Nigeria is losing so much to corruption. The major constraint that governments need to tackle to make our current democratic experiment meaningful is this anti-people phenomenon called corruption,’’ Otto said. nother political scientist, Dr Eyimamen Osezua of the Osun State University, said that much more needed to be done in the area of civil service reforms to enhance public service delivery. ``The challenge to our democracy in my view is more of implementation of the policies by our public administrators. ``It is quite obvious that training and re-training need to be given to public personnel at all levels of government for them to be able to optimally deliver their mandates. ``Those mandated by law and employment status to carry out public policies need to be properly motivated too, else Nigeria will not progress as expected,’’ he said.

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PAGE 16

Senate Diary With Ikechukwu Okaforadi

Mark tasks INEC on credible polls in 2015

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enate President, David Mark, has tasked the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) to ensure that nothing less than credible elections are delivered to Nigerians in the 2015 elections. Speaking on how to make democracy work for the people, Mark said “My personal advise would be that we must ensure that there is a credible election so that any government that is elected has the mandate of the people. “So we must work hard to ensure that we have credible elections. And whoever is elected then has the mandate and he can work with the people and for the people”, he added. Mark who explained that Nigeria has gained a lot in the current dispensation in the last 15 years, said there is the freedom for people to speak freely. “Today we can discuss our problems and if we can identify and discuss the problem half of the problem is solved. Sixteen, seventeen years ago there was no way in which anybody here, no matter who you are, would have gotten up to criticize the government”, he said. While pointing out that what Nigerians want is a government where everybody would be a participant and a government that would look after the welfare

of every body, he regretted that Nigeria is not yet where she should be. He said however that the most important fact is that there is no doubt in anybody’s mind that Nigerians know what they ought to do, but that it is how to begin to do it properly that matters. “I think that is the issue. Whether it is the rule of law, or healthcare delivery system or infrastructure or security. The issue is we can identify the problem. Now that we have identified the problems, we should concentrate on the ways that we can go about solving these problems”, he said. Meanwhile, in a church service at St. Mulumba’s Catholic Chaplaincy, Apo legislative quarters in Abuja, to mark this year’s democracy day, the Senate President said there is no alternative to democracy, adding that it is the most participatory and representative political system. He urged Nigerians not to despair in spite of the challenges associated with democracy because it remains the best and acceptable form of government. He bemoaned the security situation in the country and asked all citizens to cooperate with government and security operatives to fight terrorism and insurgency.

PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Chibok Girls: Chukwumerije flays defence chief over comment

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he Chairman of Senate Committee on Education, Uche Chukwumerije, has flayed the Chief of Defence Staff, Air Marshall Alex Badeh, over his comment that the Nigeria military knows where the abducted Chibok girls are held in captivity by Boko Haram. Chukwumerije, who spoke to journalists at the Senate Press gallery, wondered why the Defence Chief would say the military has discovered the camps where the abducted girls were being held only to describe it as a military secret. According to him, it was puzzling for the CDS to disclose what the military considers a secret to the general public, saying it should have been treated as a secret. “I am very much elated by the news that the location of our girls is now known to the army. But like the rest of the nation, especially observers, I am puzzled by one phrase, according to the military spokesman, their location is a military secret. “Now what puzzles me, is simply this: why do you make public what you consider a military secret? As you are announcing the location or your discovery of the location of these girls, the news is being known to those holding them captive”, he said. He added, “And you think they are going to stay there and wait for you until you come to locate the girls and take them away? This puzzles me because we know in all American military operations, you don’t hear a word about that until after their mission is accomplished Speaking further, he said “The next you will hear is that their mission is accomplished. When the leader of

Al Qaeda was dealt with, we know how it was done. Nobody even had a wind of what was going on until it was completed. So let us hope and pray that if the news of the location of the girls is true that the enemy is not sufficiently warned to move before our men would strike. “But to us, it is wonder of wonders that what the military considers as secret is what it announced as secret and want us not to divulge the secret”, he added.

Senate President, David Mark

Children Day: Ndoma-Egba urges Boko Haram to free Chibok girls

Senate President, David Mark

Democracy Day: Ekweremadu assures improved elections

*Calls for Welfare Package for the Unemployed

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he Deputy Senate President and Chairman of the Senate Committee on Constitution Review, Ike Ekwerenmadu, has assured Nigerians that the ongoing electoral reform by the National Assembly would yield an improved electoral system. In a ‘Democracy Day’ message to Nigerians, Ekweremadu described Nigeria’s fifteen years of unbroken democratic rule as “historic and unprecedented”. He also said the ongoing electoral reforms would soon be concluded to further consolidate the country’s democracy and prepare the nation adequately for the 2015 general elections. He said “Fifteen years of unbroken democratic rule is something to be proud of, especially for a country with our kind of history. Only a few could have given Nigeria any such chance about two decades ago, but here we are waxing stronger as a democratic nation. “We also have every reason to be proud of what we were able to achieve in the 2011general elections, following the widely applauded electoral reforms. Although we still have several electoral challenges, the important thing is that the 2011 experience was

a great leap forward given where we were coming from as a nation. He reassured Nigerians of the commitment of the Senate to addressing observed electoral lapses very soon to set the stage for the 2015 general election. Senator Ekweremadu however identified unemployment and insecurity as the nation’s greatest challenges today, noting that the Federal Government had taken commendable steps in addressing both challenges. The Deputy President of the Senate said that Nigeria would surely overcome the Boko Haram and other security challenges, but called for social welfare for the unemployed. “What governments around the world do is to inject money into social welfare, and we must also learn to create special funds and tax the employed to ensure that those who have no jobs are able to meet their basic needs at least; that way, both the employed and unemployed would have relative peace”, he said. “This is not beyond us if every level of government trims excesses, ensure prudence, and accountability”, he added.

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he Senate leader, Victor NdomaEgba, has urged the Boko Haram insurgents holding the Chibok school girls in captivity to release them in the spirit of the Children Day which was given a low key celebration across the country due to the abduction. Ndoma-Egba, who spoke on behalf of the Senate at the plenary, urged the abductors to release the girls in the spirit of the Children Day celebration. He also drew the Senate’s attention to the challenges confronting the Nige-

rian child of today, saying children can only become true resources and wealth if they are well educated. “Let me on behalf of the Senate of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, congratulate the children of Nigeria and the children of the world on this day which is their day. “Children all over the world represents the wealth and the resource of every nation. They can be resource only if they are educated. Without education, the children rather than being a

resource, will become a burden on the society”, he said. He added that, “It is for this reason that I also use this opportunity to draw the attention of the Senate and the nation to the challenges being faced by our children in the north east zone of the country. “May I use this opportunity to appeal to Boko Haram to make this day whole for us as a nation. To make this day whole for us as humanity by releasing our children in their captivity”.

Emergency rule won’t stop elections in north east —Ekwerenmadu

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eputy Senate President, Ike Ekweremadu, has said elections would hold in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states, in spite of the ongoing emergency rule in the

area. Speaking when he received a delegation of the European Union (EU) Observer Mission to Nigeria, who visited him in Abuja, he noted that even though certain human rights are curtailed during an emergency rule, it does not include the right to vote. “On the specific issue of the state of emergency as you rightly pointed out, we extended it for six months which will expire in November. We are hoping that the issue of Boko Haram would have been curtailed by then so there may not be any need for further state of emergency going forward after November”, he said. He therefore noted that if elections come today and there is a state of emergency, elections would still hold in those places, observing that local government elections had been held in the North east despite the state of emergency. “So state of emergency in itself is not going to affect any election because essentially, what state of emergency is all about is that in dealing with an unusual situation you need to curtail certain human rights, like the right to go to some-

body’s house and search him, the right to arrest somebody without warrant and to detain him beyond 24 hours. It is not going to affect people’s right to vote anyway”, Ekwerenmadu assured. On the issue of electronic voting and electoral violence, the Deputy Senate President said the Electoral Act is being amended to enable them introduce electronic voting whenever they are ready. He said the funds have been provided in the 2014 budget to recruit more policemen to boost the Nigeria police manpower. “We know the electronic voting is a completely new system and it is usually surrounded by all kinds of problems. In as much as it is quite attractive, we want to ensure that we don’t make the mistakes that others have made. We need to learn from their mistakes and improve on our system. “So we are not saying they must use it in 2015, but if they are ready in 2015 and want to use it, we don’t have problem with it because prior to this, what we have in our law, is that it is forbidden, so it is completely outlawed before now. “But now we are going to remove that aspect so that there will be some level of flexibility to enable INEC determine at their free will when they believe they are ready to apply electronic system”, according to him.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

PAGE17

Reps Diary Presidential scholarship and the Falode’s son murder: As Keyamo, seeks Tambuwal’s intervention question of federal H character With Umar Mohammed Puma

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he lopsidedness in the list of the 2014 successful candidates released by the Presidential Speacial Schoolarship Scheme for Innovation and Development (PRESSID), has continued to draw more attention following concerns over the selection process. According to the document obtained by Peoples Daily nineteen out of the 36 states of the country recorded no single candidate in the final list of the candidates to be given the special scholarship. The document indicates that the entire states of the north-west and north-east regions recorded zero candidates, while north-central have 7 out of the 104 overall candidates for the scholarship scheme. The states candidates list showed that Abia has 4, Akwa Ibom 3, Bauchi 0, Benue 1, Cross River 0, Ebonyi 0, Ekiti 5, Gombe 0, Jigawa 0, Kano 0, Kebbi 0, Kwara 1, Nassarawa 0 and Ogun state 17. Others are Osun 15, Plateau 0, Sokoto 0, Yobe 0, Adamawa 0, Anambra 7, Bayelsa 0, Borno 0, Delta 9, Edo 4, Enugu 7, Imo 7, Kaduna 0, Katsina 0 and Kogi 3. Lagos has 5, Niger 0, Ondo 5, Oyo 7, Rivers 4, Taraba 0 and Zamfara 0. Chairman of the House of Representatives Committee on Education Rep. Aminu Sulaiman (APC Kano), while reacting on the issue said the only seven candidates that qualified for the scholarship were taken from the North Central, “that is why we collectively agreed that the exercise must be put on hold until further investigation on the matter by the committee. According to him: “What has happened in the selection

process has negated the provision of the constitution of the federal republic, the NUC Executive Secretary has tried to interpret the provision of section 14 of the constitution, by saying that the scholarship scheme is not part of that provision of the constitution. “The statement of the NUC’s secretary is laughable, unfortunate and reprehensible. How can you conclude that there is nobody that merits a presidential award in an entire nineteen states of the federation from the a geopolitical zone, how can you ever think like that, how?. “We view this as far as we are concerned as unfortunate, as reprehensible and unacceptable. As an arm of government, we are determined to assist our colleques in the executive to ensure the sanctity of the constitution, to ensure that the country is not portrait in bad light, to ensure that the intension of Mr. President is not manipulated to serve parochial interest and by implication portrait the President himself in bad light. “Members of the committee were also not convinced as they express disbelief saying there was no criteria that is above the provisions of the constitution, and therefore what the implementation committee did stands to be “null, void and of no effect,” he said. They also argued that no policy, no matter how well intended should violate the constitutional provision of the federal character laws. And urged that members are expected to see the record of all the initial candidates that applied from each state of the federation and local governments, as well as the report of the committee’s final meeting that decided on the released list.

Reps reject bill to establish Nigerian export institute

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he House of Representatives has rejected a bill seeking to establish the Chartered Institute of Export of Nigeria. The bill was sponsored by Rep Uzoma Nkem-Abonta (PDP, Abia), who argued that if established, the institute would take care of the various export activities in the country. According to him, the bill would also pave the way for an enabling environment for the practitioners just the way other institutes created by Act of parliament operate. But the bill suffered setback as most lawmakers kicked against it. In opposing the bill, Rep Fort Dike (PDP, Anambra) argued that the parliament should not be seen to be encour-

aging bills that do not have any substance, saying “whatever passes through this House reflects our quality.” He said there was no need for the institute as it would be a duplication of other similar government bodies, calling on his colleagues to dismiss the bill. For his part, Rep Andrew Uchendu (APC, Rivers) was of the view that the bill did not carry much substance hence the need for the sponsor to “step it down in order to make more consultations.” Abonta however rejected the idea of stepping down the motion. As Deputy Speaker Emeka Ihedioha who presided yesterday’s plenary put the question, majority of the lawmakers voted against passing it for second reading.

uman right lawyer Festus Keyamo, has appealed to the Speaker of the House Representatives to prevail on the federal government to assist in ensuring that justice is done in the case of murdered Nigerian student, Toba Falode, in Dubai, UAE. Keyamo, made the appeal at the hearing of the House of Representatives Committee on Diaspora in Abuja. He further urged to ensure that the matter is not swept under the carpet. He expressed dismay with the conduct of the Dubai police in handling the matter. “There was a deliberate effort to keep Toba’s case out of the limelight. He was also perturbed by the fact that under Dubai law there is no right for private prosecution, a situation he says makes it difficult for any counsel of the slain young man to pursue his case. But he said he has appealed to OPP and sent a letter to that effect to the Nigerian embassy in the country, “which has been acknowledged, “we want pressure to be put on OPP in Dubai,” he emphasized Giving her testimony mother of the 19 year old student, who is also a socialite of repute, Mrs Aisha Falode, said after they started marshalling evidence that her son was actually murdered, “we suspected fraud since we knew Toba was not all by himself when he fell.” She said “we are for justice. And to get it, we have petitioned the House, written to the president and addressed a press conference. We are clamouring that Toba must get justice.

Tambuwal urgesti Nigerians to embrace clean alternative energy

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peaker of the House of Representatives, Aminu Waziri Tambuwal has stresss the need for Nigeria to source for a clean, affordable and efficient energy for the development of the nation’s economy Tambuwal made the call yesterday while unveiling some eco-friendly transport and power generating products in Abuja. The products which are a creation of BrightVue, a US based manufacturing firm, according to the Speaker are the ideal solutions to the current inadequacies been suffered by Nigerians in areas of mobility and power generation. “what I’ve learnt from the company CEO is that it’s a clean energy, environment friendly and very affordable. And from the explanations he has offered, I believe we should have many more of these companies coming to Nigeria to address our search for energy. This will go a long way in supporting the efforts of the government in providing sustainably electricity to Nigerians”. Earlier, in his remaks, Chairman, House Committee on Narcotics, Money Laundering and Anti Corruption, Rep Jagaba Adams Jagaba, (PDP, Kaduna) told the gathering that the event was to herald a change in the nation’s quest to create a better life for the citizenry. “This is an event I personally believe can change the course and lives of Nigeria and Nigerians. You are here to see the change that’s coming to Nigeria from across the borders of the United State”, he opined. President of the company, Dr. Emmanuel Topson told the audience of efforts made by his team to reach out to the Federal Government in an attempt to fully domesticate the technology, he said would be the first of its kind in Africa. “We have already submitted a proposal to the federal government to deploy 10 recharge/refill stations in every local government Area of the country. Apart from significantly improving rural energy access and improving the environment, this move will also provide at least 8,000 direct jobs in the recharge stations alone, another 200 jobs in the manufacturing plant, and an estimated two million jobs in downstream opportunities”, he said.

Insecurity: Reps move to create security trust fund for FCT

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bill seeking to create Federal Capital Territory special security Trust Fund that will make the fight against insecurity within the territory a more flexible task with regards to the availability of fund for such purpose, has passed second reading in the House of Representatives. The bill title, a bill for an Act to establish the Federal Capital Territory Security Trust Fund to provide adequate funding for security of lives and property in the Territory and other connected purposes was unanimously adopted on the floor of the House. The bill, according to its sponsor, Rep. Tajudeen Yusuf (PDP, Kogi), if passed into law will allow the FCT administration to have access to a pool of fund through special subventions from the Federal government as well as contributions from corporate organizations without necessary recourse to the National Assembly approval as in the case of supplementary appropriations. “There’s nowhere in the where government alone handles the issue of security.

That’s why communities set up trust funds to augment whatever efforts government makes in providing security the citizenry”, he said. Debating the general principle of the bill, members though, mildly divided harped more on the advantages of the bill bearing in mind the prevailing circumstances in the country where the fight against insecurity is proving difficult due to paucity of fund. For the Minority Whip, Rep Samson Osagie, (APC, Edo) the benefits of the bill if passed nto law will out-weigh whatever disadvantages those opposing it may try to advance. He added by saying that; “it’s a very well intentioned bill calculated to make the issue of security a more efficient one for the benefit of residents. One of the major hindrances of fighting insecurity in the country and indeed the FCT is lack of fund”. “ I believe strongly that if this trust fund is properly managed, devoid of the corrupt tendencies that characterizes our civil or public service system, I’m sure the security

of lives and property in the FCT would be guaranteed”, he submitted. Another member who towed the same line of thought with the Minority Whip was Hon. Godfrey Ali Gaya (PDP,Kaduna) who stressed the importance of the bill of having such a Trust Fund, should the bill be passed in consonance with the mood of the country. “Its very important for us at all time to see the issue of security of lives especially in Abuja with adequate priority. The Trust Fund can be funded through contributions from corporate bodies where this money would be put in one basket from where government can draw to tackle any challenge that security may throw at us from time to time” he said. The bill which however, did not have a unanimous view in its favour due to some vibrant argument put forward by members challenging the constitutionality of a security Trust Fund for the FCT was passed for second reading after being put to voice vote by the Speaker, Aminu Waziri Tambuwal.

Tambuwa, Speaker House of Representative


PAGE 18

Social Media Trends National Conference delegates vote to tax churches, mosques

Delegates at the ongoing National Conference on May 27 voted unanimously for churches & mosques to pay taxes. The delegates arrived at the decision after deliberating on recommendations made by the Committee on Religion.

COMMENTS: Alloy Chikezie said... I think I agree. Some churches are just too wealthy and the pastors are making more money than the government, they need to pay tax. chukukere chikaodi said...

That’s only what Committee on religion could come up with?, Tax! I guess it’s a step towards uniting both religions huh! They should all be awarded then. #MisplacedPriorities. Mamman Nimat said...

I Agree. All churches and mosques should be taxed as they should also play a part in the reconstruction of this country Tonye Ofongo said... Churches and Mosques are nonprofit “organizations” and shouldn’t be taxed. Secondly, we still don’t see what has been done with tax payer’s money so why tax the church or mosque? Considering the fact that taxes are even collected from the offering paid in the church, I see no need to still tax them. Because making them pay taxes is like saying NGO’s and other Carity organizations should pay taxes. It is completely wrong, and a new innovation to illegally acquire more public funds. @MeetdrealEvans said... I agree, @ least people won’t just

PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

wake up and say “God called me, so let me open a church”

members make dem rich oh. Pay tax joor... Heavy tax.

Anonymous said... Nigeria is faced with more problems that should be tackled rather than proposing tax payment for religious bodies.

skilful_ said... Paying Tax and other levies won’t stop pastors from buying private jets and building. A very ignorant reason to try to cut on the funding of pastors. When the tax won’t be up to 50% of their income. Abeg second base jor.

Anonymous said... I don’t agree. The tax we are paying, the so called government eat up everything. They are looking for more to generate money and steal it. Olaleye Adisa said... I agree with this idea. Some churches are running like bussiness organisation wilheminna moses said... Iwu ka obu! I agree.... They are sooo wealthy while their members are suffering. Meanwhile na the

Anonymous said... Shame on you all,it’s obvious you do not know what to delegate on anymore. Now you want to attack churches all in the name of tax, Go tax the traditionalists. Anonymous said... I know in the USA and UK, churches don’t pay tax, because the US founding fathers among other reasons believe that God is supreme and his enterprise should be left untaxed. In the UK churches are regarded as charitable organization and such don’t pay taxes. And the richest pastors in the world are in the UK AND USA. Personally, I don’t think God will be angry, if government decides that his business should pay taxes, because Jesus once paid tax, and God commanded Christians to obey authority. But i think it will be most stupid for government of Nigeria to be in the fore front of taxing churches primarily because leaders are rich. I am sorry for those pushing this matter, for in their days of trouble,

Kim in 2011 vs Kim in 2014: Which wedding look do you prefer? COMMENTS:

Anonymous said... I prefer the one of 2011. The one of 2014 was just over hyped! nekysparkles said... I prefer the 2014 look. Simple and classy. Anonymous said... I think Kim has found love this time. Kanye and her look genuine and deep. Most Librans find love the third time either in marriages or relationship. Congrats Kimye. Anonymous said... I think she looks better with Kanye. My opinion though. Anonymous said... She looked like a real bride in 2011. Angie Cape said... Is this an obsession or what? There’s more to weddings than the appearance; designer this and that. Since the wedding has passed, can we move on now and pray that God glues them together so we don’t go thru this story again. Thank you. xty said...

Go Kimye!!! Anonymous said... I prefer the marriage to Kris than to Kanye. People should see through. Amarachukwu. said... I prefer the 2014 wedding. Endy said... 2011 is much better Anonymous said... Kris wedding was the most beautiful. Check well pls.Anonymous said... In the first wedding, she looked very gentle and simple, but the one with Kim, she looked wild. Anonymous said... Chai. All des wedding u are sharing in obodo oyibo!.. There is god o!.. And now dis short girl Kim have wedding twice and some of us neva see boy friend do! @BOBO_EDO said... Kim so vain but beautiful... I hope this with Kanye lasts.

Kim and Kris wedding in 2011

Kim and Kanye wedding in 2014


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

PAGE 19

Feature Thriving informal sector undermining the know-your-customer concept Worried by the diminishing patronage of the formal sector of the Nigerian economy, occasioned by undue rising patronage and promotion of the informal sector by a huge portion of the country’s population, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has initiated the KnowYour-Customer (KYC) requirements, largely designed to correct the economic anormally, among others. CLEM KHENA-OGBENA of our business desk writes.

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xpectedly, the growth of any economy is guaged on the basis of how well its formal sector is faring. This also includes the extent to which the banking public or the people within the system have availed themselves of the services of the financial institutions within the economy. Even the activities that determined and were captured in the recent rebasing of Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Products (GDP) were the components or indicators of the economic growth in the formal sector, with outright disregard to the activities in the informal sector. This sector (informal), which by official and economic estimation, is seemingly contributing an infinitesimal quota to the overall economy of the nation, is, however, the public preference and appeal, at the expense of the former sector. This is an unfortunate development, which apparently is antithetical to the Three-Tiered Know-Your-Customers (KYC) requirements. According to available statistics, an estimated 64.1 percent of adult Nigerians have inadvertently or advertently been denied access to services in the country’s financial institutions. This figure represents 56.3 million people, who currently lack access to financial services, due to irregular income, unemployment, distance and low level of bank branches as well as cumbersome account opening formalities and procedures. Besides, another reason accounting for the financial exclusion of some critical strata of Nigerian population is the enforcement of full account opening procedures. In this case, the most vulnerable and affected are the people in the lower socio-economic stratum, with less income, poor and socially handicapped individuals, many of whom are based and resident in rural communities. This being so, they are practically denied of inclusion in the formal sector of the economy, and consequently and indirectly compelled to seek solace in and promote the informal sector. Furthermore, the financial exclusion also stems from the fact that majority of the people within the economic system have no formal means of identification, and even when and where they

are ready to acquire such, the procedures involved are both too scary and cumbersome for them to stay within the financial means. The implication of this, therefore, is that financial services are not within the reach of the poor. So, to maintain continually the same level of KYC needs for all sections of the populace ‘as hitherto required,’ indeed, provokes and promotes prevalence of informal financial environment, which impacts negatively on the Central Bank of Nigeria’s (CBN) ‘AML/CFT’ objectives by disregarding it. n a somewhat earlier report, it was pointedly stated: “It was in recognition of inequality in social and economic circumstances of the various segments of the Nigerian population that paragraphs 2.6.1.5.6-12 of CBN AML/CFT Regulation, 2009 (as amended) provide broad principles for addressing the challenge, thus: *Allow a third party (such as clergymen, village/clan heads, headmasters, etc with acceptable means of identification) to identify the socially disadvantaged persons *Require financial institutions to formulate written policies on financially disadvantaged customers and prescribe the type of documents acceptable for their dentification to be provided by third party identifiers *Require financial institutions to adopt a risk-based approach on the operation of this category of accounts and customers, and *Require financial institu-

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Cbn Ag Gov. Sarah Alade

tions to conduct enhanced monitoring of such accounts, customers and third parties that identified them and render monthly returns to CBN and NFIU on their operations.” he report also explained further, “Recommendations 1 and 10 of the revised FATF 40 Recommendations permit countries to allow financial institutions and Designated Non- Financial Businesses and Professions (DNFBPs) to apply simplified Customer Due Diligence(CDD) measure in respect of lower risk customer category within which our target groups fall. Consequently, in furtherance of the objective of enhancing financial inclusion and access, the CBN

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It will be enormously rewarding to both the individuals and the nation’s overall economy if more people embrace financial inclusion regime, patronise licensed financial institutions, instead of patronising yahoo-yahoo banks in the country.

has developed the tiered KYC requirements for compliance by banks and other financial institutions under its regulatory purview.” It will be enormously rewarding to both the individuals and the nation’s overall economy if more people embrace financial inclusion regime, patronise licensed financial institutions, instead of patronising yahoo-yahoo banks in the country. Moreover, part of the beauty of the CBN initiative is that anyone is free to walk into any bank to open an account without a dime in your pocket. s part of the objective of the KYC initiative, the report stated, “The ‘tiered’ KYC requirements regime will ensure application of flexible account opening requirements for Low-valued and Medium-valued Accounts and these are subject to caps and restrictions as the amounts of transactions increase. This means that account opening requirements will increase progressively with less restrictions on operations. However, the main objective of the proposed approach is to promote and deepen financial inclusion. The structure ensures that the accounts remain attractive to customers of different socio-economic levels, while close watch is kept on the risk involved.” The formal sector has to be saved from the vulnerability and danger posed to it by informal sector which currently undermines it (formal sector), even at the cost of the economy.

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PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Page 20

Homes

By Doyin Ojosife

Make your small room Spacious

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o arrange and decorate a small bed room could be quite difficult and challenging, given the size of the room and the importance of space management, but it could be amazing when the room decoration is done with a great deal of care and calculation especially when the room is nicely kept. A small bedroom not well arranged could look too scruffy and overcrowded, thus not welcoming to friends around; it could also get your effort frustrated even after the attempt to tidy up and clean your environment. Well, having the correct size of wardrobe to help keep those clothes and shoes well-arranged at a corner, doing some simple room furniture with a bit of interior deco will do the magic. Here are a few ways to help arrive at a neatly arranged and decorated small bedroom:

You would want to try using wall papers to give it more depth, especially to create a focal point. Most people do] this on the bed header

Decorate with reflective elements like mirror and glass vase; they make the room look more interesting and inviting.

Get simple furniture that could help conceal your clothes shoes and books since this helps the room visually more appealing when things are organized and kept at a minimum.

Make do with light coloured wall paint; it gives an illusion of more space.


e n i z a

PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

d n e k e We

g a M ent

m Entertain

Fashion

ps Beauty Ti

od Kannywo

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Hollywoo

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d Bollywoo

Greece records first veiled mp for EU parliament >>PG 23

Michael Jackson’s manager planned to ‘kidnap’ star >>PG 37

I didn’t watch movies before I became actor —Ameenkhan

>>PG 37


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Page 22

Your Body, Image & U

Women executives and stress management

Woman executive

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n the world today, women all over are working hard to take up responsibilities and caring for people around them. It is very impressive when I encounter women who go out of their way to earn a living no matter what. Sadly there are still people who believe women should not work but just sit down at home and do home work. Such people will still turn back to attack such women when things turn ugly and the family financial burden on them becomes unbearable. Recently I was a guest at WEFM Abuja, on their WE WOMEN Talk show and I and the presenter, Terri Padonu talked about empowering our women starting small scale business from home. It was a very heated one because some men misunderstood the essence of the discussion. One man actually called to say bluntly that women should just be ‘’housewives’’ and remain at home. Excuse me? The discussion was all about educating the women who desire to do extra job combined with their job as house wife, from

Woman executive

home to support their husbands and we never said the women should not do their primary job as wives. I and Terri made it clear to men who have such frame of mind that being a house wife is a ‘’job’’ of its own and we are not telling women to neglect their wifely duties to chase business. Infact the topic was very clear but I guess the men who just want to tie their women to a rope at home just do not want to hear about a woman being resourcesful in any way. Why can’t women use their skills and talents to be useful to themselves, families and the society at large? What is wrong about a woman starting a business she operates from her HOME? Such women are supposed to work from their home, self employed, managing their work time and yet some people feel this is wrong or would i say abnormal? Give me a damn-good- break here folks. It was also heart warming to get calls from men also who disagree totally that women should just sit down and not having any job they can do to make their own

contribution at home. One man practically said that it is funny when a woman ask for money for pepper, salt etc from the husband every day. Absolutely correct my brother! It does not matter how rich you are...do you truely feel happy every day you wakeup in the morning and before you leave the house your wife will say‘’Papa Emeka...Oga Mi....Megida...I need money to buy lipstick, pepper, salt, sanitary towel, do my hair etc?’’ Today, I explore how great women who are into the corporate world deal with stress and still come out successful. One of the causes of stress for career women still boils down to the socetial attitude that women should not be seen doing corporate jobs and that women just have no brains. So when people with this attitude meet or encounter such women in their various work places, they make life hell for them. They ensure that they fraustrate such women out of their top positions and this struggle to prove themselves and reject the rejections from the opposite sex create lots of stress for

such women. Last month a Texas based Life and business Coach interviewd me on his talk show. He, unlike others strongly believe women should be empowered and their work places made comfortable for them just as their male counterparts. When i made it clear that husbands who are married to career women with top jobs should be supportive and help out at home, he agreed and also said that men who support their wives at home are the ones that are ‘’REAL MEN’’ rather than what society call them. African Society call men who help out at home in the area of even making a cup of tea/coffee for their wife or even carrying the baby while the woman is inside the shower –‘weak’. Women with top careers find themselves struggling to overcome work place problems purposely created by those who see women as nobody. This hype the level of their stress and if such women happen to be married or come from family background that have same frame of mind of putting women down, bad case. After dealing with office stress, they still go home to tackle another fresh fight. If you are such a woman, be assured that nothing is wrong with you taking responsibility

With Jacqui Iwu bwreforms@gmail.com 08184825606 (sms only) for your life and people around you. The stress will always be there but you must be very tactful, diplomatic at your work place to over come the hurdles. Never fight back when being attacked but FOCUS on your mission of being productive, resourcesful and making an impact. If you try attacking back those trying to put you down as nobody, you get burnt out and lose focus, concenteration on your job vision/mission and that is exactly the aim of your attackers. When this happen, you get sick, or even get fired. Be Nice to those you work with, delegate duties to lessen your work load and keep your head up...always and if the stress gets out of hand that you can’t handle seek help from experts. Jacqui IWU is a BodyImage, Life &Career Coach A STRESS Management Expert& Conference Speaker Media Relations Personnel FB: http://facebook.com/ beautifulwoman.column BLOG: http://bluntjacqui. blogspot.com

HEATED RUBBLE

Hi Jacqui, I commend you on your total bluntness on life issues and you are always on point. The last discussion you wrote on a man whose fiancee abandoned when he lost his job affected me . Well, my own case is my wife of five years with two kids, who left me after I lost my job and left the kids with me. Life has not been easy for me. Please advice me a little. - Abandoned Husband, Lagos. Dear Abandoned husband, if in your deeper hearts, you still wish that woman comes back to you after her ugly attitude, you cannot move forward. She was wicked enough to never care about the children she even gave birth to, and moved out just because you no more have money like you used to. A good wife is supposed to encouarge you to rise up when you fall and she is not one. Your life will improve if you focus on caring for yourself and kids. Look for any job within your reach to start (for the sake of your kids)and from there something bigger will surface. One day, when things turns rosy that woman will look for you and her kids. Certainly she will!!

Woman executive


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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Womanhood

Greece records first veiled mp for eu parliament

“I will exert all my efforts for ensuring that Muslims do not consider themselves as a minority in Greece,” Stamou said.

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THENS – A hijab-clad Greek woman has become the first ever Muslim candidate to represent her country at the coming European Parliament elections, hoping to prevent anti-Muslim discrimination and ensure equality for the religious minority. “I have been nominated from the Eco Green Party Greece - the ecological political party that is a member of the European Green party - as it perfectly reflects my opinions,” Anna Stamou, a former yoga teacher and now an activist politician, told Anadolu Agency in an exclusive interview on Wednesday, May 7. Nominated from Greece Green party, Stamou is the first veiled nominee in the European Parliament (EP) elections on May 25. If elected, she would be the first EU parliament member to don the Islamic headscarf. Being a graduate of business management and once a yoga trainer, her life as a politician started after reverting

to Islam at the age of 30. Stamou says she was born an Orthodox Christian but “found the answers to her questions” in Islam after delving for years into all religions. Leading a Muslim life since she embraced Islam, she is responsible for the public relations at the Muslim Association of Greece and is wife of the head of the Muslim Association also. he now opts for politics after her “activist” years along with being a teacher. Greek candidates will stand for 21 seats in the European Parliament during the European Election on 25 May, coinciding with the local elections in the country. The number of seats allocated to Greece declined from 22 to 21, as a result of the 2013 reapportionment of seats in the European Parliament. In the 2009 elections, the Ecologist Greens of Greece won only one seat at the EP after receiving 3.49 percent of

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the votes. Equal Life for Muslims Taking the career of politics, the veiled Muslims hopes to serve her country and guarantee equal life for the Muslim community. “What drew me to politics is my objective of guaranteeing a life for Muslims in Greece with equal rights to those of other Greek citizens through all means,” she says. onning a hijab, she said her nomination for an EP seat was part in the fight against any

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discrimination of people by their appearance. Stamou added that every citizen should do something for their country. “I will exert all my efforts for ensuring that Muslims do not consider themselves as a minority in Greece,” she said. “If I get elected for the EP, I will fight for equal right for Muslims and the prevention of discrimination against Muslims.” oreover, she asserted her plan to work towards recognizing Greek Muslims as citizens

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and fulfill the country’s responsibilities towards them. A mosque in Athens, the only European capital without a mosque, was also a top priority. “My message to the Greek Muslims is to actively participate in the EP voting process and enjoy their rights to elect and be elected without the fear of their voice falling on deaf ears,” she added. uslims account for nearly 1.3 percent of Greece’s 10.7 million population.

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My message to the Greek Muslims is to actively participate in the EP voting process and enjoy their rights to elect and be elected without the fear of their voice falling on deaf ears.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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Kiddies World SIGHTS AND SOUNDS

Gamji Gate Park

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amji gate is one of the places really worth visiting in Kaduna; the crocodile city in northern Nigeria. Gamji gate park is serene with attractions and an amusement park; an ideal place for families with kids and lovers. Gamji also features a mini zoo that features few animals. Gamji Gate houses a crocodile pit with five crocodiles. On seeing them for the first time, you would think they are statues until you see their eyes blink or jaws snap shut really viciously! They often keep their mouths open to catch flying prey and snap it shut suddenly, much to the amusement of everyone. They often look like they have a grin sitting in the sun with their mouth open. There are beautiful painted trees at Gamji Gates with relaxation points where visitors can relax with a cup

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of ice cream sold in various canteens within the park. There is also the ostrich cage with two ostriches; male and female. The male ostrich is usually particular jealous. It runs into frenzy and tries kicking you from inside of the cage when you get too close to the female from outside. Gamji Gates features an amusement park with roller coaster rides; horse drawn carts and a small branch of river Kaduna that flows through the park. There is also an old bridge that is said to have been built by Lord Luggard. It is housed in Gamji as a historical attraction, but is realistically just an old bridge. If you ever visit Kaduna, then it is advised that you visit Gamji gates. The best time to visit would be in the cool of the evening. Then, you will find many love birds catching fun. The entrance fee to Gamji is just 50 naira.

Gamji Gates features an amusement park with roller coaster rides; horse drawn carts and a small branch of river Kaduna that flows through the park.

With Miriam

Humbe

ABCDE

HIS AND HERS CORNER

Disney Angle


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Kiddies World

PAGE 25

With Miriam

Humbe

ABCDE

MODEL OF THE WEEK

AFRICAN TALES

Anansi and the Chameleon’s farm

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nce upon a time, Anansi grew so conceited and arrogant about his boast that he had “tricked” God in the episode of the sun and the moon. God became so annoyed by Anansi’s arrogance that He was seriously considering removing his patronage from Anansi. Anansi lived in the same African village, as the Chameleon. Anansi was rich and owned the finest fields in the area, while the Chameleon was poor and worked hard in his meagre fields to make ends meet. However, one year rain fell on Chameleon’s fields, which were now abundant with beautiful crops. To teach Anansi a lesson, God let no rain fall on Anansi’s land and the crops dried up, and dust blew everywhere. Anansi then resolved to take Chameleon’s fields for himself. Anansi first tried to buy the farm, but Chameleon refused to sell. Anansi offered more in exchange, but Chameleon still held on to the land. Early one morning, Anansi walked boldly down the road to Chameleon’s fields and began harvesting the crops. When Chameleon saw this, he became very angry and chased Anansi away. When a Chameleon walks, it leaves no tracks; it is virtually impossible to tell where a chameleon has been. Knowing this, Anansi took Chameleon to the tribal court to sue for possession of the fields. The chief asked Chameleon to prove that the fields were his; Chameleon had no proof to offer. Anansi, on the other hand, took the chief to Chameleon’s fields, showing the many footprints on the road. These were Anansi’s footprints, and the chief awarded the fields to Anansi right then and there. Although the court decision gave the land to Anansi, God has a higher justice than that which the courts mete

out. Chameleon dug a deep hole and put a roof on it. From the outside, the hole looked tiny. But, in fact, Chameleon had dug a vast cavern under-ground. Then the Chameleon took some vines and some flies and made a cloak. When the sun hits flies, they shine a variety of colours, but they are still flies. Chameleon went down the road wearing this cloak of flies and vines when he encountered Anansi. Anansi’s first words to Chameleon were, “Hello, my friend. I hope that there are no hard feelings between us.” Anansi saw what appeared to be a beautiful cloak and offered to buy it. Chameleon told Anansi that the cloak would be his if only Anansi filled Chameleon’s “little hole” with food. Anansi readily agreed, bragging that he would fill it twice over. Anansi then took the cloak to the chief who had acted as judge in the lawsuit, and gave the cloak to the chief as a gift. The chief thanked him profusely. Anansi worked day and night to fill Chameleon’s hole with food and still the hole was not full. He worked weeks and still the hole was not full. After a while Anansi realized that Chameleon had tricked him. In the meantime, the chief was walking down the road wearing the cloak of flies. One day the vines broke and the flies buzzed off in every direction, leaving the chief naked and livid with anger at Anansi. The chief grew angrier with each step he took, for he began to see the conceit and arrogance of Anansi. When the chief found Anansi, he ordered him not only to return Chameleon’s property but to give Chameleon the best of his own fields as well. As soon as Chameleon took possession of Anansi’s best field, it rained on that field for the first time in months, and now Chameleon was the richest in village.

Abasiofon and Namidara Ekong

Children must obey their parents, teachers and elders to become leaders of tomorrow.

CREATIVITY

Make a toy TV set from a cereal box

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ou will need a cereal box, three bottle caps, some glue, some coloured paper and 15 minutes to make this toy my television you spend some time playing with.

Here’s what to do: Unfold the box. Fold it back inside out and glue. Use a stapler if needed. Outline a screen. Cut three sides of the screen: left, top and right. Fold the flap inside so it makes a “stage”. Glue its back side to the back of the box. Attach the bottle caps for the knobs. Cut in a DVD slit. Decorate.


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Photo Splash

PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

L-R: Prince, Afam Anene (jr), Director, Civic Education, National Orientation Agency, Chief A. Anene, the Bride, Princess Chinyelu Anene, Anambra State Governor, Chief Willie Obiano, the Groom Dr. Chika Nwabufon and the Bride Mother, Lady Ogo Anene, during the Traditional Marriage of Dr. Chika and Chinyelu Nwabufon, recently in 0bosi, Anambra Sate.

R-L: FCT Chairman, Nigerian Institute of Public relations (NIPR), Mr. Ohaeri Osondu, FCT Treasurer of the organisation, Mrs. Chinwe Ogbuka and the Association Exofficio Member, Lucy Agba, during FCT NIPR monthly congress meeting, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: Justin Imo-owo

L-R: Managing Director, Nokia West and Central Africa, Nick Imudia; Marketing Campaign Manager, Nokia West and Central Africa, Yetunde Ogeroju; Director, Consumer Channels Group, Microsoft Nigeria, Mark Ihimoyan and Retail Customer Marketing Manager, Nokia West and Central Africa, Olajide Adeyemi during the launch of the first Windows Dual SIM smartphone, Nokia Lumia 630, recently, Lagos.

L-R : Governor, Osun state, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola, chairman, Egbe-Idimu LCDA, Hon. Waheed Bello and chairman, Amuwo Odofin Local Government, Lagos State, Comrade Ayodele Adewale, during Aregbesola’s campaign flag-off, yesterday in Ile-Ife, Osun state.

A Truck polluting the atmosphere with heavy smoke emission at Oregun. yesterday in Lagos.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

PAGE 27

Mr Totoise goes bald! A

long time ago, Ijapa the tortoise was not always a bald animal. He used to have hair on his head, however, due to unfortunate circumstances, which the tortoise brought “upon his own head” literally speaking, he lost it all. It happened a very long time ago, long before the tortoise broke his back, but that is another story altogether. The dog and his family had prepared a feast of yam porridge. The aroma reached the tortoise who immediately followed his nose which led him to the dog’s home. The tortoise went in and saw that a big pot of yam porridge was cooking. Wanting all of it for himself, he called out to the dog and told him that he had brought a message from the king. “The king wishes to see you and all your family in the palace”, the tortoise said. The dogs immediately left to see the king leaving the tortoise with the big simmering pot of yam porridge. The tortoise began to eat as fast as he could. He knew that the dogs would be back soon because the king was not even at the palace. And soon, he heard the dogs approaching. There was still a lot of porridge left in the pot. The tortoise wanted to take some home with him and looked around for something he could put some porridge in. The dogs by now were almost at the door. As he was running out of time, the tortoise pulled off his cap, filled it with the porridge and put it back on so nobody would know he was carrying porridge. He planned to hurry off immediately because the porridge on his head was indeed hot. When the dogs came in, the tortoise told them he would be leaving. They dogs asked him to stay with them for lunch as they had some porridge cooking. The tortoise tried to make excuses to leave immediately, but the dogs kept him, trying to convince him to stay. Eventually, the porridge was so hot that the tortoise just had to pull off his hat. Everybody was shocked when he pulled of his hat to reveal steaming hot porridge. The porridge had burned his scalp so badly that all his hair fell off and in fact, never grew back again.

Leisure B D O y

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killed, our big brothers and sisters killed in the higher institutions, then you made our parents if spared to be fearful and cry. Our leaders, please change and be nice to us pity us because you are old, almost dying, if the children die too there will be no generation to be president, Vice president, Senate President, Speaker, Chief Justice of Nigeria, Doctors, General managers and there won’t be Nigeria again. How can we celebrate when our

josipe

Riddles! Riddles! Riddles! 1.

There was a green house. Inside the green house there was a white house. Inside the white house there was a red house. Inside the red house there were lots of babies. What is it? 2. What has teeth but cannot bite? 3. What goes up and never goes down? 4. What comes down and never goes up? 5. What always kisses its mother before dying? 6. What is always referred to as the window to the soul? Answers: 1. Watermelon 2. Comb 3. Age 4. Rain 5. Match- stick 6. Eyes

Sincerely from our hearts…

Dear Nigerian leaders, e the children of this great nation have been happy we are children until you began to play with our lives. You play politics, the game of the elephants; we suffer for it. Though we sing it that we are the leaders of tomorrow but we are caught in your thug for power. Just some few months ago, some of our brothers were slaughtered like chicken in their schools; our teachers were

oyin

sisters are yet to come back home, they said they have been kidnaped, will they return? Will they not? We have been waiting for the past 46 days; we are worried and have joined our mummies and daddies to beg our leaders to bring back our sisters. I wonder what the feature holds for me, I don’t know whether to go to school or stay at home. My teacher has not come since three days ago, hmmmm; maybe he will come today my Mummy said there was a bomb blast near his h o u s e yesterday.


Beauty

PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Page 28

TIPS

Compiled by Doyin Ojosipe

Get rid of that dandruff...

D

ealing with dandruff can be so embarrassing especially when you get to the salon to make your hair, and at just a brush, the white towel around your shoulder is littered with that flaky substance. It’s even more uncomfortable when your scalp gets itchy and while doing it your way, the flaky substance will not just stop pouring. Some people think one who is dealing with dandruff might just be dirty or probably has a very dry scalp, though a dry scalp is different from dandruff; one is more severe than the other while the duos have different causes. Some are even scared to come close to, or share

a comb with one who has dandruff challenge because they think it’s contagious but the truth is it’s just a period of scalp disorder and not contagious at all. Causes of dandruff Dandruff is different from ascertain which is the challenge. Dandruff could be caused by some factors such as overproduction of sebum by the sebaceous glands in the scalp on which Malassezia fungus feeds and produces Oleic acid (malassezia is unfriendly yeast that grows on the scalp while feeding on sebum, which is produced by the sebaceous gland). The Oleic acid in turn triggers increased turnover of dead skin cells which results in dandruff.

Treatments To get even with dandruff treatment, you should stop or reduce the use of waxy hair care products like balm, gels, and jellies. You should avoid products that help feed the yeast; products like Shea butter, Coconut oil, Olive oil and Castor oil. Products that contain Zinc Pyrithione, Selenium Sulfide and Ketoconazole; though with a doctor’s prescription are effective to combat dandruff. Wash your hair 2-3 times a week, you could make do with anti-yeast shampoo, make use of warm water and wash thoroughly to get rid of any hang ups. Finally, eat food rich in Vitamins A, B, Zinc, Iron and essential fats.


Compiled by MIRIAM HUMBE

Fashion

PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Get engulfed in the global Ankara revolution!

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t is simply amazing how the African fashion trends have emerged from what appears to be the blues to capture the global fashion scene with sophisticated designs and highly glamorous and well finished accessories. The Ankara evolution as it is suitably called, has swept across the fashion world today not leaving out even the classiest celebrities. Ankara has become the favourite fabric on the redcarpet, many thanks to the highly dependable designers both home and abroad. Most fashion houses and boutiques stock varieties of the finished designs from Ankara even as Fashion lovers’ new preference now becomes the collection of special, African print shoes and bags. The shoes are made of African fabrics with brightly coloured prints and designs, and come in a variety of styles, ranging from high heel pumps to kitten heels, and are comfortably worn on other wears such as jeans and corporate wears. Ankara is versatile as it is an everyday wear. It is a generally accepted form of

dress at occasions, office, parties and beach and as a casual wear, anytime, any day. It is also nicely worn with matching shoe and bags and accessories. Little wonder, more and more fashion loves are getting engulfed in the Ankara evolution just like ebony black Kannywood beauty, Nafisa.

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PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

PAGE 30

Pots & Pans

With Doyin Ojosipe

Let’s try some fish barbeque for the picnic You don’t always have to spend more to get your fish barbecue done elsewhere, especially when you can make it yourself. Tell your friends not to worry as you could help get it done without much stress, only getting the necessary ingredients will do with your magic touch, and in case you don’t have a modern grill, you could just make do with the local home grill. You can arrange the grill by getting: • A coal pot • Charcoal and A grill Recipe for 3 Ingredients: • 3 fresh fish • Fresh grounded red chili pepper • Fresh grounded black pepper • Onion • Cloves of garlic • 3 tablespoons of vegetable oil • Salt to taste. Method •wash the fish thoroughly with lime in and out, remove the scales if need be • slit the fish in about 3 to 4 places by the sides or once in the center • Mix the freshly grounded chili pepper, black pepper, chopped onions, chopped garlic, vegetable oil and salt in a bowl, • Rub the mixed ingredients on the fish with a brush then leave to marinate for like 30 minutes, • Get your coal pot and start up a burning coal, clean up your grill, also daub with some oil and lay atop the coal pot leave to heat for 20 minutes, • Lay an aluminum foil on it and place the fish it, • Allow to heat for like 6 minutes then turn the other side, • Keep on until certified done then you can garnish or serve with salad orfried plantain and sauce.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

PAGE 31

Relationship

Looking for love? Consider these important things W

hen looking for lasting love, forget what looks right, forget what you think should be right, and forget what your friends, parents, or other people think is right, and ask yourself: Does the relationship feel right to me? That naturally leads to you what really matters to you since you are directly involved. It also means your feelings, happiness, perceptive and projections and your personality. Thus this question is: What feels right to you? The first step to finding a suitable partner is to distinguish between what you want and what you need in a partner. Wants are negotiable, needs are not. Wants include the things you think you’d like in a partner, including occupation, intellect, and physical attributes such as height, weight, and hair color. Even if certain traits may appear to be crucially important to you at first, over time you’ll often find that you’ve been needlessly limiting your choices. For example, it may be more important, or at least as important, to find someone who is: · Curious rather than extremely intelligent. Curious people tend to grow smarter over time, while those who are bright may languish intellectually if they lack curiosity. · Sensual rather than sexy. · Caring rather than beautiful or handsome. · A little mysterious rather than glamorous. · Humorous rather than wealthy. · From a family with similar values to yours, rather than someone from a specific ethnic or social background. Needs are different than wants in that needs are those things that matter to you most, such as values, ambitions, or goals in life. These are probably not the things you can find out about a person by eyeing them on the street, reading their profile on a dating site, or sharing a quick cocktail at a bar before last call. Keep things in perspective · Don’t make your search for a relationship the center of your life. Concentrate on activities you enjoy, your career, health, and relationships with family and friends. When you focus on keeping yourself happy, it will keep your life balanced and make you a more interesting person when you do meet someone special. · Remember that first impressions aren’t always reliable. Especially when it comes to Internet dating, people don’t always accurately portray themselves. Regardless of where or how you

Young couple jumping into the river hand in hand meet someone, though, it always takes time to really get to know that person. You have to experience being with someone in a variety of situations, some good and some not so good, before you really know him or her. For example, how well does this person hold up under pressure when things don’t go well or when they’re tired, frustrated, or hungry? · Be honest about your own flaws and shortcomings. Everyone has a flaw—or several— and, for a relationship to last, you want someone to love you for the person you are, not the person you’d like to be, or the person he or she thinks you have the potential to become. In many cases, what you consider a flaw may actually be something another person finds quirky and appealing. By being honest and shedding all pretense you’ll encourage the other person to do the same, which can lead to a fulfilling relationship. · Invest in a vertical relationship before you invest in a horizontal relationship. Don’t be too quick to make a relationship sexual as it often becomes harder to develop a good vertical relationship afterwards. Even though it can be difficult in this day and age, try to take your time to get to know someone first. It will only lead to a more satisfying sexual

Everyone has a flaw—or several—and, for a relationship to last, you want someone to love you for the person you are, not the person you’d like to be, or the person he or she thinks you have the potential to become.

relationship down the road. Put a priority on having fun nline dating, singles events, and matchmaking services like speed dating may prove successful and enjoyable for some people, but for many they lack any kind of spontaneity and often feel more like high-pressure job interviews than fun social occasions. And whatever dating experts might tell you, there is a big difference between finding the right career and finding lasting love. Think of your time as a single

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person as a great opportunity to meet new people, expand your social circle, and participate in new events. Instead of scouring dating sites or hanging out in pick-up bars, find and participate in activities that interest you. ou don’t have to be the life of the party or the star of the team, but just by putting yourself in a new environment it’s likely you’ll meet new people who share similar interests. Even if you don’t meet that special someone, you will still have enjoyed yourself and maybe forged new friendships. · Volunteer for a favorite char-

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ity, animal shelter, or political campaign. Or even try a volunteer vacation (for details see Resources section below). · Take an extension class at a local college or university. · Sign up for dance classes, cooking classes, or art classes. · Join a running club, hiking group, cycling group, or sports team. · Join a theater group, film group, or attend a panel discussion at a museum. · Find a local book group or photography club. · Attend local food and wine tasting events or art gallery openings. · Be creative: Write a list of activities available in your area and, with your eyes closed, randomly put a pin in one, even if it’s something you would never normally consider. How about pole dancing, origami, or lawn bowling? Getting out of your comfort zone can be rewarding in itself. hese though are by no means exhaustive. There are of course several other things you truly need to pay attention to. It’s your happiness we are talking about here and you should be ready to indulge your fancy by carefully pondering on things that affect you beyond the surface. However, resist the temptation to take yourself too seriously otherwise you will never find romance that you need.

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PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

PAGE 32

Fiction

A Senator’s interview with an assassin

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enator George Whyte’s mansion was arguably the most exquisite structure one would see in the entire city of Abuja. It was lucidly evident from the plush finish of his home that he spent a good deal of his two hundred and forty million naira per annum salary on building decoration. The view of his house from the exterior was an incredible sight that left passers-by contemplating if they were still in Nigeria or by chance have drifted off to an (over) developed country. Garki is a very beautiful town in the city of Abuja and of course, has an elegant landscape that comprises of lofty skyscrapers, neat and taintless roads, and a meticulously designed city planning system. But of all these buildings, Senator George’s house quite stood out. He had requested that virtually every part of his house be painted white to reflect his name, Whyte. Glitter paint was used on its outside walls which resulted to a gleaming effect under rays of the sun. The vast land, well tended garden, a private jet, swimming pool and a convoy of exotic cars showed his massive wealth. The building was a hundred metres tall. The large sitting room was lushly furnished with four ornate upholstery sofas, two white cushions and an arm chair. A colossal round glass table stood at the centre with a flower vase atop. The flowers served, not only as ornaments but also released a sweet fragrance that permeated the room. The white oak panelled floor, tilled wall and enamel panelled ceiling with the chandelier suspended from it gave such a pure look, almost as if the occupants were as innocent as Holy Mary. Well, that could do for Senator George’s wife and three children; two boys and a girl, but if only anyone knew Senator George Whyte too well, he wouldn’t fall for the white facade which was only but a smokescreen that seemed to paint him as a saint. The whole building consisted of twenty three rooms of which nineteen were bedrooms. The Senator now grabbed his briefcase which was rested on the foot of the armchair. It was a Monday morning, the first day of the working week. Unlike average citizens, he didn’t detest or loathe work; after all, the pay was worth it. The corner of his eye caught an enlarged picture of him, locked in a handshake with the President. He beamed, just as he always does whenever he saw the picture which hung on the left wall. ‘Who could have thought I will be where I am today, let alone shake the President’s hand’ he thought with elation as a lopsided grin spread across his face. Senator George was dark, burly built and had a shape we could call round. Not as a ball, but ughm-maybe, a balloon. Surprisingly, the white suit he wore over a white long sleeve shirt fitted perfectly into his frame. As for his age, well, he was fifty four. He ambled towards the door. His body guards, official car and driver were waiting patiently for him outside, downstairs. What choice did they have? His wife had left to attend a meeting with other affluent women in the country. His three children had already been driven to school before he awoke from sleep. He twisted the door handle and jauntily trudged down the stairs. When he got to the ground floor, a man stood, apparently waiting for him. He had a tanned skin, wore dark sunglasses and was smartly dressed; clad in a slim-fit black suit and wore a pair of shining black Italian shoes on his feet. He was slim and a bit tall. He couldn’t be more than twenty years old. ‘Good morning, sir’ the man greeted formally. His countenance was expressionless. ‘Who the hell was this guy’ the Senator thought. ‘Was he one of those thugs who did petty clean-up jobs for him some years back?’. ‘Morning’ he replied without much warmth. ‘I don’t remember fixing an appointment with anyone for this morning and let me assume that I did but it escaped my mind, it

would certainly be in my office, not my home!’. ‘I’m sorry sir, but this is urgent-’ ‘And how could the security grant you access to my house without notifying me’ he blustered, now getting iritated. ‘I’m sure to sack them first thing-’ ‘Sir’ the man called. There was a certain coldness in his voice that unnerved Senator George. ‘Who are you’ the Senator asked, now feeling a bit apprehensive. He had realized that he was standing alone with a complete stranger in his sitting room. And according to the precepts of his personal axiom,’ every stranger is a foe until he proves otherwise’. That was the principle anyone living in paranoia lived by. And Senator George had a first degree in that group. His past had haunted him ever since he came into power. In a split second, the man reached into his suit and briskly unstrapped a pistol gun from its holster on his belt loop. He pointed it straight at the senator. ‘Now sit let’s talk’ he ordered, with granite firmness. Senator George gasped. It was natural for adrenaline to rush into his stomach. He stared into the muzzle of the gun, from where the slug could come off at any moment the wielder willed and send him to his early grave (if at all dying at fifty four could be called early). But one thing was sure. Senator George didn’t want to die, young or old. This was just his first tenure and he had another promising chance to be Senator for a second period of four years. He had always paid deaf ears to whatever vitriol’s and complaints the people frequently made against him. They termed him ‘an incompetent leader’. He had read several newspaper articles accusing him of embezzlement of public funds and remiss or neglect of his responsibilities but the Senator didn’t care. He was confident he would win the election which was coming up in the next two years. He didn’t need anybody’s ‘trivial’ vote. He rigged the last election and it had gone successfully as planned. A few heads were of course detached from their shoulders in the course of the operation. And he plotted to rerun the unscrupulous events of the previous election again. ife begins at forty, they say. Senator George was among the few Nigerians who could attest to this. Life had just begun for him and he didn’t wish it to end so abruptly. ‘I say sit, let’s talk’ the man repeated, his voice raised and more daunting now. Let’s talk? The Senator tried to place a meaning to that statement as he sauntered towards the nearest chair. Those words ‘let’s talk’ sounded more like negotiation. The Senator immediately surmised that the man was a kidnapper who abducted victims and used them as leverage to coerce the family members to pay huge sums of money before the victim could be released. Now the Senator was placid, stoic and calm. If this man wanted money, he had more than enough to spare. ‘Drop your phones, on the table’ the man commanded, his gun still levelled at the Senator. Senator George dug into the pockets of his trouser, produced a Blackberry Q10 and Tecno

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Android. His iPAD was in the car. Lethargically, he obeyed the ‘master’s’ wish and sat on the arm chair. ‘You had better not try anything funny’ the man warned. ‘Your guards don’t even know I’m here. A single insane act by you and I pull the trigger. Got that?’. ‘Yes...yes’ the Senator shuttered, nodding his head. He stole a glance outside and true enough, there his guards were, standing still like medieval stone statues, at their duty posts. If only they knew what was going on in... But his glass door was tinted. One could see outside from inside but looking at the door from outside, all you saw was a dark or beige colored glass. ‘How did you get in?’ the bemused Senator summoned courage to ask. He was slightly beginning to admire this guy’s dexterity and tenacity. ‘That’s for me to know and for you to find out’ he quipped, still looking pensively at the Senator, and as an after-thought he added, ‘well, if you ever get the chance’. The senator very much wished that the man, whoever he was would speed up the game. Ask for the money, escape and be captured within five minutes, thanks to the Nigerian military and of course, his security guards. But this man was in no hurry. ‘You want to know why I’m here?’ the man asked, more like a statement than a question. He produced a recorder from his breast pocket

Let’s talk? The Senator tried to place a meaning to that statement as he sauntered towards the nearest chair. Those words ‘let’s talk’ sounded more like negotiation. The Senator immediately surmised that the man was a kidnapper who abducted victims and used them as leverage to coerce the family members to pay huge sums of money before the victim could be released.

and placed it on the table beside the phones. He pushed a button down and the little machine made a soft buzzing sound. ‘Now you will tell me the true story of your life if you really cherish it’. Senator George hesitated for a moment as he tried to gather the man’s request in one piece. Had he really heard well? The story of his life, his past was one he would give anything to be erased, forever. It was filled with deeds too ghoulish even to be told as a story. And he wasn’t just going to recount it to someone but here, standing on the table and listening was the talkative and ever blabbing recorder who would never relent in relaying anything it hears, no matter how confidential it is, just for a meagre bribe of a push on its button. It never minds if the listener is a friend or foe of his subject. The Senator made to protest but the man shushed him with a single statement. ‘If a sound comes out from your mouth, a sentence that isn’t akin to your true life story, I’ll shoot. Mark my words’. This was no mainstream kidnapper, and he meant business. Senator George had realized this by now. ‘And mind you’ he continued. ‘I know the story too. You tell one lie and you are history’. hoever this guy was, he wasn’t bluffing. The Senator knew this. At any rate, he would chose life over death, even if it meant a more tarnished image. Immediately, he remembered his family; his wife and children. How would they feel when they got wind of this revelation about their ever loving and caring husband and father. Would he ever recover after this? His first child, Denis was fifteen. He was trailed by Mercy who was twelve and seven years old Chris. He wished he could bail himself out of this mess but obviously, this was non-negotiable. ‘You don’t have all day’ the man announced sternly, taping the gun’s hammer slightly to remind the Senator of its presence. So, gradually but steadily, Senator George began telling the story of his life. nigerianfiction.com

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PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

PAGE 33

Romance

When unfaithfulness forced husband to chase wife out

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usting over the opposite sex could be intoxicating. How far you can go in ‘netting’ the object of your affection could be as deranging as the worst of fevers. Some few months back, at one of these private A-list parties, Dora was having the time of her life. So were a few of us that shared a table. We’re all social friends and the banter was smutty but harmless, until Greg walked in. An obvious hunk, he was way beyond our reach because of his young age – barely 30. He obviously knew Dora as he stopped for a chat, his after-shave almost fouling the air. You know the type of these cock-sure men, just before making an entrance at any function, they top up on their aftershave, ignoring theless-is-more doctrine. As he exchanged banter with Dora, his eyes were firmly fixed on her cleavage. In fairness to the poor bloke, the top Dora had on left very little to the imagination. They exchanged phone numbers. What for I thought transiently? Later Dora let it slip that Greg was the older sibling of her daughter’s boyfriend. Safe enough, I thought. But how safe, sort of burst into the open some four months later. Greg had apparently found

his way into Dora’s life. None of their escapades would have been noticed if Tade, Dora’s husband, hadn’t chucked her out. “It’s Gloria’s fault”, she fumed as I let her in when she begged to be put up for the night. “And she’s going to pay, mark my word.” Then she burst into heart wrenching tears. What happened? “Tade found out about Greg and I from Gloria,” she spat. It took a few seconds for me to figure out who Greg was. “You slept with Greg?” I asked, appalled. “I couldn’t resist him.” She confessed. “He pursued me endlessly, said flattering things to me. You know Tade’s libido had been down for a while and it was quite flattering when Greg sent me steamy texts of all the things he would love to do to me if he had half a chance. I texted him back. What started as harmless bantering took a wild turn the day I agreed to see him at his flat. I’d hardly touched my drink when he pounced. He was also muscular – a far cry from Tade’s sinewy, middle-aged body. And he was well worth the risk of my marriage. “It continued for a while until Greg’s steady read my texts from his phone. She’s

very friendly with Gloria and couldn’t believe I could send such scotching texts to a young man, let alone her boyfriend. She showed the text to Gloria. I’d been quite impatient with Greg as I hadn’t heard from him for days; I’d believed we would be lovers for as long as I wanted it. The last time we met, he promised to get in touch, but he hadn’t. Suddenly I knew I had to find out why. I waited for some minutes after I was sure the house was quiet then sent him a text. ‘We need to meet soon’ I texted. His reply was almost instant. ‘I don’t think we would meet again’ he replied. I stared at the message in disbelief. Why was he saying that? I called his number but his phone just rang and rang. When I tried again a few minutes later, it went straight to voice mail. In the end, I had to go to bed, and, of course, I couldn’t sleep. “The next day when Gloria came back from work, I was in the kitchen with Tade when she virtually flew at me. ‘You shameless woman’, she shrieked. ‘I’m ashamed to call you my mother. Greg was appalled. ‘Don’t speak to your mother like that,’ he warned. But Gloria wasn’t through yet. “You don’t know what she’s done!” She yelled.

I went cold. She’d obviously cottoned on to Greg and I! I felt like a condemned criminal. I looked at my daughter and saw her lovely face all twisted up with hate. “Mum’s been trying to get it off with Greg”, she cried. “His girlfriend showed me all the smutty texts she sent him. It’s disgusting. My own mother – and under dad’s roof too”. Tade stared at me, horror stricken. As shocked as I was by my humiliation, there was pure anger too. Greg was obviously trying to make out he was innocent. That it was me doing the chasing. And I wasn’t having any of that. “Is that what Greg said?” I spat. “That I’ve been running after him? Did you and your precious friend ask him what happened when I actually caught him?” I simply couldn’t stop myself – the hurt of betrayal was too deep. “We slept together,” I continued, “not once, but a whole lot of times. That’s your precious Greg for you.” For a few seconds, I thought she was going to hit me. But she simply turned and went out of the door. Poor Tade. He looked as if someone had stabbed him in the heart and twisted the knife. “Get out!” he bawled. “What kind of wife and mother

are you?” I turned on him, reminding him of how I’d been sexually starved by him and how all this was his fault. He pushed me out of the house and shut the door in my face.” The last thing she wanted was for me to start blaming her. We had to think of ways of bringing a semblance of sanity back into this marriage. Tade’s pain was still raw when I saw him a few days later. But I spent hours with him, trying to make him see his wife’s frustration too. Obviously no excuse for what she did, but surely, he could be sympathetic? My friend has really made a mess of things. She still lives in my spare room, and while I now sense Tade would like to try again, Gloria still hasn’t gotten over her mother’s bad behaviour and has gone to live with Greg and her friend!. It’s like she’s having a sort of revenge and I can’t really blame her. I told Dora the same. Gloria is young and emotional, just learning about life and love. Her mother should have protected her. Instead, she’d broken her heart. Only time will sort out this sordid mess Dora’s lust has put everybody into. allnigeria.info


PAGE 34

Nollywood

Season Five Project Fame winner, AbayomiAyoola, has released a new album on hash tag carriers of the ‘Bring Back Our Girls’ campaign, featuring Sound Sultan and other famous artists. Ayo, as he is fondly called, released the single on the 24th of May, titled it ‘Freedom’. Ayoola, in a brief chat with Nigeriafilms. com, said the song was necessary because it was avenue for the artistes involved in the song to show their concern on the issue. The single was produced by Coublon, and Sagzy.

PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

The graduate of Biochemistry from Covenant University, Ota Ogun State, added that he decided not to do the song alone because he feels that it should be a collective effort which will help in going a long way in touching lives. The artiste, since winning the reality TV competition, has released two singles titled ‘For You’ and ‘Amin.’ ‘Amin’ is a gospel song featuring rap sensation, Vector, while ‘For You’ produced by Mastercraft, is rhythm and blues.

Popular beautiful movie actress, Yvonne ChinyereOkoro, who is currently casting in a new movie in Nigeria yet to hit the screens, has described the country’s ‘Ethnic English’ as hilarious and very difficult to speak. Known for her flawless and impeccable English Language, Yvonne claimed she got so entangled in struggling and battling with speaking the language effortlessly until she got it right, as her role in the film, demands that the Pidgin English will be spoken extensively. Well-known for her award-winning performances in any role given to her to play, Yvonne stars in a new movie which was shot in Owerri, Imo State, as a waitress (her first waitress role), where she played the task of an armed robber who disguised herself as a waitress to extract valid information from a detective. Her first produced movie titled ‘Contract’ was well applauded by many movie lovers and grabbed several awards at the last AMVCA (Africa Magic Viewers Choice Awards). Pidgin English also called ‘Broken English’ or ‘Broken’ is a Nigerian fabrication spoken widely across Nigeria and even beyond presently.

Popular comedian and On Air Personality, IGOS, is returning this year in grand style with the third edition of ‘IGOS Live Comedy Series’. The show, which is themed ‘Man of the Year’, will hold on Sunday, June 8, 2014 at the Muson Centre, Onikan, Lagos. This year’s event will feature acts like Akpororo, Seyi Law, BasorgeTariah Jnr., Gandoki, Ceenator, OkeyBakassi,

Jedi, Funnybone, Bash De Don, Lafup, Ogbolor, MC Shaggy and Lolo 1. Others included 9ice, Phyno, Wizboyy, Oritsefemi, Humble Smith, Sean Tizzle, YemiAlade, Don Topman, Jmartins, Eminiic, Jaywon, Solidstar, Sammie Okposo and DJ TL Smooth. The show will be hosted by Freeze of Cool FM, Lagos.


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PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Cage joins McTiernan’s comeback

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icolas Cage has signed on for John McTiernan’s comeback film, Red Squad, according to reports. The Ghost Rider star has been cast in an as-yet-unknown role in the action movie, which would be the first film following the director’s release from prison in February, according to The Hollywood Reporter. Red Squad is about a director of the DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency), who secretly hires a team of mercenaries to remove a drug cartel from a small town on the border of Mexico and Texas. John, best known for directing cult action films Die Hard, Predator and The Hunt For Red October,

was released from jail after serving a 10-month sentence for lying to the FBI about the Anthony Pellicano wire-tapping case. The 63-year-old filmmaker, who is also behind other action movies such as Last Action Hero, Die Hard With A Vengeance and The Thomas Crown Affair, previously told Empire magazine that he wrote a follow-up to The Thomas Crown Affair titled Thomas Crown And The Missing Lioness while he was behind bars. Nicolas’ upcoming film roles include action crime thriller Tokarev, apocalyptic biblical thriller Left Behind and action films Outcast and The Dying Of The Light.

Hollywood Weisz to join De Niro in Idol’s Eye

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achel Weisz is in talks to join the cast of gangster drama Idol’s Eye. The Oscar-winning actress could be sharing screen time with Robert De Niro and Robert Pattinson in Olivier Assayas’ big-screen adaptation of the true-life tale, reported Variety. Previously titled Hubris, the film is based on Hillel Levin’s 2007 Playboy article called Boosting The Big Tuna. It follows a group of thieves who rob a man who turns out to be Chicago mafia boss Tony Accardo.

Production on Idol’s Eye, which has been written by Olivier, is due to start in October in Chicago and Toronto. Rachel, who won an Oscar for her performance in Fernando Meirelles’ drama The Constant Gardener, was last seen as Evanora, the wicked witch of the East, in Sam Raimi’s Oz: The Great And Powerful. The 44-year-old, who starred opposite husband Daniel Craig in Broadway play Betrayal recently, will next appear in romantic thriller The Lobster alongside Colin Farrell, Ben Whishaw and John C Reilly.

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man has been charged with battery after allegedly attacking Brad Pitt at the Hollywood premiere of Maleficent. Ukrainian reporter VitaliiSediuk jumped over a barrier at the El Capitan Theatre in Los Angeles while Brad and partner Angelina Jolie were greeting fans on the red carpet. The heartthrob was apparently unhurt and soon resumed signing autographs for fans. A spokesman for the Los Angeles Police Department said: “He jumped over a barrier and made contact with Mr Pitt. I do not have the exact information of what kind of contact. “He was arrested for battery and is being held in police custody. “The man gave his name as VitaliiSediuk. I understand he is a prankster and has been involved in similar incidents.” Witnesses saw the man, from the fan area, jump over a barrier on to the red carpet where he allegedly rushed at Brad, touching him briefly before security guards wrestled him back across the barrier. Brad kept greeting fans and walked into the theatre. His longtime partner Angelina Jolie stars in Maleficent, Disney’s

new live action spin on Sleeping Beauty. Sediuk has a reputation for pulling stunts on celebrities. Last week, he was caught on camera crawling under the skirt of Ugly Betty actress America Ferrera at the

Cannes Film Festival. At the SAG Awards in January he was pictured on his knees on the red carpet hugging Bradley Cooper’s crotch. He stormed the stage during the Grammys in 2013, running up to Jen-

nifer Lopez and Pitbull to accept Adele’s award for best pop solo performance before the singer reached the stairs. And in 2012 Sediuk was slapped by Will Smith after he tried to kiss him on the lips at the Men In Black 3 premiere in Moscow.


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Kannywood

PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Fwd: I didn’t watch movies before I became actor — For 6 years, Aminu A. Ardo, popularly known as Ameenkhan, has carved a niche in Kannywood/Bollywood film industries as an actor and musician. He is the only Kannywood artist with international experience in Bollywood, one of the best film industries in the world and he is currently based there. In this interview with Mustapha Adamu, the multilingual and degree holder, shares his experience and challenges facing in the career.

C

an you tell us your brief biography, starting with your full name? My Name is Aminu A Ardo, popularly known as Ameenkhan. I am Fulani by tribe from Nassarawa Local Govt of Kano State. Though i was born and raised up in Kano but we can still speak Fulfulde (Fulani language) because that’s our main tribe. I attended Tarauni Primary School and after I finished there, I proceeded to Government College Birnin Kudu. I finally did my Degree program here in India. How old are you? I am 29 years. What is your education qualification? I have a qualification in Bsc I.T. (Information Technology). Are you married? No, I am Single. I was once engaged with one Fulani girl in Yola, Adamawa State, but couldn’t workout. What motivated you to join Bollywood/ Tollywood ? It was just a destiny. In fact, I never wanted to become an actor before. I think i am the only actor on earth who don’t watch movies. I don’t watch movies at all and didn’t follow up my acting or singing career through watching movies. The opportunity just came up at my door step, so I can call it a destiny. For how long have you been in Bollywood/Tollywood? I have been there for 6 years. How many movies have you been starred as an actor in Bollywood? Tell us some of them. I starred in films titled “Taaz”, “The Adult” and “Ticket to Bollywood” which was not released due to Indian Censor Board issues, just because African is the lead role actor but we are still working to ensure

it goes into the market. How many movies and songs do you have to your credit so far? I have 3 movies and 5 songs to my credit. Which is your favourite movie? My favourite movie is “Ticket To Bollywood”. It is my favourite because i played the lead role. Which is your favourite song? A song titled “InshaAllah” is my favourite song. Which challenge(s) have you faced in your career so far? s I said before, just because i am African, the movie I played the lead role (“Ticket to Bollywood”) was not given the licence to be released. That is one of the challenges I am facing here in Bollywood. Are you planning to become a producer or director? Yes, but not here in India, may be when i return back to Nigeria. It is not possible for me to become a director or producer here because they have gone far in film making. Who is your favourite actor and actress in Bollywood? Shah Rukh Khan and Poonam Pandey. Since joining Bollywood, how do you find your life? Life keep changing bit by bit. I finally noticed i am not living my life anymore,i am living for others. For example, before you can wear anything and go out, if few people can recognise your face then you must start living for them to show some appreciation. Are you working on yet-tobe-released movie/music?

A

AmeenKhan with officials during the release of his song titled ‘In sha Allah’

Can you tell us their names? Yes, I released my 2 new songs titled ‘InshaAllah and Soniye’ just last week. One more song titled ‘Akkad Bakkad’ will be released in 3weeks time. What message do you have to people out side? MY Shout out will go to Millions of Bollywood Fans in Africa who the Bollywood Actors/ Producers/Directors never count on them. They don’t even know they have such huge fans in Africa but they abandon my people while focusing on Europe, Middle east and other parts of the world. With your support i will continue to represent you here to show them how important African especially Nigeria is in Bollywood Market.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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Entertainment Flakes

Michael Jackson’s manager planned to ‘kidnap’ star

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ecent reports has indicated that Michael Jackson’s manager, planned to kidnap him in 2006 when he was believed to have been plied with drugs and cash by Bahraini royalty. According to excerpts from Ron’s new book, ‘Listen Out Loud’, obtained by the New York Post’s Page Six, the showbiz mogul concocted an elaborate plan with Michael’s sister La Toya Jackson to sneak the ‘Thriller’ hitmaker away from his exotic haven and take him to rehab. He writes: “That’s exactly what this was, a kidnapping [on] the other side of the world” that involved a plane, rehab facility, a team and “more money than I’d care to admit.” Despite discussing the plan 10 times over the course of the year, La Toya begged Ron to back out at the last minute.

Ron added: “In retrospect, it was probably for the best ... as one of my attorneys pointed out. There was little question that [the law] would view this as a kidnapping rather than an attempt to help a colleague.” The businessman who also controlled Sir Paul McCartney and Madonna’s careers had been axed from looking after Michael’s affairs by the star’s father Joe Jackson at the time, and didn’t see him again until 2009. He recalled his final meeting with Michael at the Staples Center, just days before he died from acute Propofol intoxication. Ron revealed: “He hadn’t looked really healthy for a good long while, but this was a whole other level. I thought ... ‘He looks like a goddamn prisoner of war’ ... He had that look in his eyes ... a look of resignation, a look that said, ‘It’s over,’ and it broke my heart.”

UK-Based Nigerian artiste, FM Macson Launches Album

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igerian-born UK-based singer, FM Macson, is set to launch his album. The event is billed to hold on Friday, June 13, 2014, in the United Kingdom. Also, some Nigerian stars have been penciled down for the launch, which promises to be spectacular. Nigeriafilms.com gathered that the party will take place at 48, Lord street, Cheetam Hill, Manchester. Those expected to grace the occasion, which is opened to all, include Baba Tee, K Kay, Joe Eazzy, OTU DA Nuttiest, Roby law, Bizu, Beebizz Artist, Larry King, Eniola Davies, Sammy Gold, Dammy Pilgrims, Kunle Mega amongst others.

Knight to write World War Z sequel

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teven Knight is being tipped to write the sequel to zombie thriller World War Z. The Oscar-nominated screenwriter, who directed Locke and created BBC Two’s period gangster drama Peaky Blinders, is said to be in talks to pen the next instalment of the apocalyptic horror for Paramount and Skydance, reported Variety. Brad Pitt will return to star as former United Nations investigator Gerry Lane in the follow-up, which will be directed by The Impossible’s JA Bayona. The sequel’s plot is expected to continue the story of Max Brooks’ novel. The film would reunite Steven and Brad, after reports that the actor is in early talks to star in an untitled World War II romantic thriller, also written by the filmmaker. World War Z, directed by Marc Forster, earned more than 540 million US dollars (£322.9 million) worldwide upon its release in 2013 and is the highest-grossing film of Brad’s career. Steven, who directed Tom Hardy in Locke, was nominated for an Oscar in 2004 for Dirty Pretty Things. He has been working on the second series of Peaky Blinders, which is expected to launch in the autumn. The Birmingham-born writer will also reunite with Tom on BBC One’s period drama series, Taboo, which will start filming in London in January 2015

Knight to write World War Z sequel

S

teven Knight is being tipped to write the sequel to zombie thriller World War Z. The Oscar-nominated screenwriter, who directed Locke and created BBC Two’s period gangster drama Peaky Blinders, is said to be in talks to pen the next instalment of the apocalyptic horror for Paramount and Skydance, reported Variety. Brad Pitt will return to star as former United Nations investigator Gerry Lane in the follow-up, which will be directed by The Impossible’s JA Bayona. The sequel’s plot is expected to continue the story of Max Brooks’ novel. The film would reunite Steven and Brad, after reports that the actor is in early talks to star in an untitled World War II romantic thriller, also written by the filmmaker. World War Z, directed by Marc Forster, earned more than 540 million US dollars (£322.9 million) worldwide upon its release in 2013 and is the highest-grossing film of Brad’s career. Steven, who directed Tom Hardy in Locke, was nominated for an Oscar in 2004 for Dirty Pretty Things. He has been working on the second series of Peaky Blinders, which is expected to launch in the autumn. The Birmingham-born writer will also reunite with Tom on BBC One’s period drama series, Taboo, which will start filming in London in January 2015.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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L etters

Sokoto patriots not renegades Sahabi Garba

​S

ome people engage in outright falsehood in political analysis when it comes to Sokoto politics. That was exactly what Kande Ibrahim did in her recent outing. She arrogated to herself image launder of the ex-governor of Sokoto State, Alhaji Attahiru Dalhatu Bafarawa. ​The fact remains that Bafarawa’s style contributed to his travails which has led to his former allies abandoning him. There was no conspiracy whatsoever from any quarter least from Governor Aliyu Magatakarda Wamakko (Sarkin Yamman Sokoto). ​Kande Ibrahim skipped how Bafarawa intimidated Sarkin Yamman Sokoto when the later served him as deputy governor. Bafarawa was deeply worried about the popularity of Sarkin Yamma that he never allowed him to perform the functions of his office. He was sidelined. Indeed, some elements were made to supersede the deputy governor by Bafarawa. But it transcends human craft to thwart destiny. ​The recent crystallization of events shows rising profile of Governor Wamakko. Much of Bafarawa’s erstwhile loyalists have come out in full force to give unusual support to the blazing trail of Governor Wamakko’s popularity contrary to Kande Ibrahim’s insinuation “now their time has expired”. Truly it is time of rejuvenation for the fold of Governor Wamakko. ​In true democracy divergent views are normal. If Governor Wamakko at any time expressed a different view from another it is leverage for subsequent aggregation of purpose. It could be recalled the trio of Governors Wamakko, Sule Lamido and Murtala Nyako worked tirelessly to douse the political tension that threatened President Goodluck Jonathan’s presidential bid. That earned Governor Wamakko epithet of prince

WRITE TO US

Peoples Daily Weekend welcomes your letters, opinion articles, text messages and ‘pictures of yesteryears.’ All written contributions should be concise. Word limits: Letters - 150 words, Articles - 750 words. Please include your name and a valid location. Letters to the Editor should be addressed to: The Editor, Peoples Daily, 1st Floor Peace Plaza, 35 Ajose Adeogun Street, Utako, Abuja. Email: opinion@peoplesdailyng.com adverts@peoplesdailyng.com pictures@peoplesdailyng.com contact@peoplesdailyng.com of peace. The same Governor Wamakko ensured total victory for PDP in Sokoto State in the last general election. Some of his present traducers did not even deliver their senatorial zone and one wonders how they still “fix” their acclaimed political influence and superintendence of PDP affairs. ​T he restructuring of PDP hierarchy after the exit of Governor Wamakko and his patriotic colleagues justified their agitation. The house was collapsing because of highhandedness of PDP leadership. These patriots tried their utmost best to drum for change to stabilize the party. Definitely, their exit necessitated a belated action and nerve sapping efforts to repair the self-inflicted damages. The party is organically ill and needs further surgery to survive, perhaps as opposition party after 2015. ​APC is a national party embraced by patriotic politicians from across the country. It has clear focus to give Nigerians eluded leadership that shall transform every facet of their lives. Corruption is on the rise. Insecurity is unprecedented. Unemployment has risen to a very high level that the future

of the youth of this country is gloomy. If a country’s budget is hardly implemented then it is doubtful the claim of economic growth that has not translated into concrete change in the lives of the populace. APC is a party to turn around the fortunes of this great country; a country endowed with enormous human and material resources but stunted by bad leadership and divisive politics. ​Still on comparison of Bafarawa and Wamakko: Governor Wamakko’s administration provided Sokoto people true leadership. He developed critical areas of need ranging from education, health, agriculture, shelter, overall economic empowerment to opening up of rural areas which were before now utterly neglected. He surpassed the performance of his predecessor manifold. It is certainly a cause for envy. But Sokoto people acknowledge excellent leadership. ​The recent appointment of Governor Wamakko as chairman of convention committee of APC is an eloquent testimony of the leadership qualities of the governor. It is remarkable because this is a man that has just joined the party. That is acknowledgement of his organizational ability. It could also be recalled that while

he was in PDP the federal executive council acknowledged him as unusual patriot, which provided opportunities to every Nigerian that came his way. He is still the same man in APC. ​Kande Ibrahim if she is truly in Sokoto should observe that PDP followers are leaving in droves to APC. From every indication Bafarawa joined PDP to recoup his losses in series of scams against him and extravagance. Testimonies fly around about his assertion that he should be left alone as he is not seeking any elective office and, therefore, should not be disturbed by political jobbers. This is glaring evidence that he may not be politically active for PDP. But even if he eventually delves into the political roll-call against 2015, obviously he shall encounter more political waterloo in the hands of the enormous popularity of Governor Wamakko and APC. ​Governor Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso in recently concluded local government election in Kano State rubbished the euphoria of Shekaru’s embrace of PDP. The scenario of Kano State is similar to that of Sokoto. Political analysts miscalculated Shekaru’s popularity in Kano State political equation. Time has proved them wrong. That of Sokoto is even worse for Bafarawa who has become politically irrelevant. ​The former governor of Sokoto State, Alhaji Attahiru Dalhatu Bafarawa should not relish political analyses such as that of Kande Ibrahim because they tend to draw out issues against him. Such issues are damaging to his supposed recline to his business pursuits. Conversely, Governor Wamakko has just started his national political blossom as a Nigerian icon. ​Sahabi Garba ​Sokoto Patriotic Front ​301 Abdullahi Fodiyo Road Sokoto


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Comments

War against terrorism: A must win battle

By Labaran Saleh

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ith no intention of trivialising the ongoing war against terror elements and their faceless backers, I can boldly affirm that we are just inches away from ending the ugly reign of Ababukar Shekau and his team of criminals. These criminals are daily losing several of their men to brutal, coordinated and sustained offensive launched by our military and other security officers in different encounters. The recent call on the Federal government for a prisoner swap deal as condition for freeing the abducted Chibok school girls suggested by Boko Haram is to get more men to replace its men killed by military operatives. Unfortunately for these confused and depraved minds, Nigerians rose in one voice to urge government not to give such evil thought attention at all. These guys are only marking time. They have lost everything-their peace, consciousness, mind, men and other valuablesto dangerous offensive launched by our military men. Nigerians have since come to terms with the obvious but often manipulated fact that terrorists are our common enemies that we must all fight against. You cannot be romancing someone who doesn’t mean well for you. Why support, endure or tolerate people whose stock in trade is to visit terror on innocent citizens? Shekau and his men have since overstepped their bounds. Nigerians are not only sick and tired of these rascals, but can’t wait to completely get them banished from wherever they are operating from. Cowards they are, and cowards they’ll remain until our military men end their inglorious reign in Nigeria. We need not surf the internet or search too far to get information on the number of men the Boko Haram group has so far lost. Our military men have since taken the battle to their domain. Hardly a day passes that Shekau doesn’t get to lose key of his men during shootouts with our troops. This daily victory against these beasts in human clothing won’t cease until they lay down their arms. The little success Shekau

National Security Advices, Sambo Dasuki

Chief of Defence staff, Alex Badeh

and his men recorded has since faded away. Their resolve to take their evil activities to other parts of the country is an indication that the north east which used to be their base was no longer safe for them. They just couldn’t stand the fire-power of our military men in the north east. These guys try daily, though unsuccessfully to plant spurious information in the media just to announce their presence or seek for undue attention. That cheap ploy or dummy always falls flat on its face. It couldn’t

achieve much. Even the once-in-a while videos purportedly released by this group hasn’t achieved its evil aim of heating up the system or causing tension in the country. This group made several largely unsuccessful efforts to use a few mainstream media and social network platforms to spread lies, rumours and falsehood just to cause tension in the land. Thankfully, that has since changed, as media managers and practitioners have rather chosen to pitch their tenth with the

Nigerians have since come to terms with the obvious but often manipulated fact that terrorists are our common enemies that we must all fight against. You cannot be romancing someone who doesn’t mean well for you. Why support, endure or tolerate people whose stock in trade is to visit terror on innocent citizens?

people. Expectedly, Shekau and his men are good at going the extra mile to announce their ugly presence, but unfortunately for them, all their game plans keep failing by the day. Beyond realising that these guys are not our friends, it is instructive that we use everything within our reach to chase them out forever. They definitely have no reason occupying a space on our land. Nigerians are not terrorists. We are very humane, loving, hospitable, accommodating and amazing people. An average Nigerian dreads danger. So, I cannot imagine a Nigerian wrapping himself with IEDs to take his own life and those of others. These elements are not our products. Let us all rise in defence of our people and country. Our sovereignty is too precious an asset to be toyed with or surrendered to illiterates, rascals and sick minds. We need to support our security men in whatever way possible for them to discharge their duties effectively. They really need our encouragement daily. They have sacrificed everything for the sake of Nigeria and Nigerians. Many of these soldiers have literarily parted ways with their respective families since the war against insurgency took a frightening dimension recently. Some have died in the process while others are nursing life-threatening injuries. We recently received shocking news of a number of soldiers ambushed and killed on their way to the Sambisa forest in Borno. These guys cannot win the battle all alone. Apart from feeding them with useful information on clandestine activities of troublemakers in their communities, we must also remember them in our prayers daily. We all have distinct roles to play in the war against insurgency. While our military men are doing their best in the battle field to chase away our enemies, we are also expected to volunteer useful information to aid their work. We shouldn’t condemn them. Rather we should learn to celebrate and broadcast their daily achievements. Let’s give them that moral support. The media should make efforts to refrain from casting sensational headlines. These rogues celebrate each time the media promotes or highlights their attacks or activities. It is no doubt a must-win battle. We have gone a long way to surrender to these animals. Nigeria is God’s own country. We have absolute confidence in God. We are God’s children. Too loved, favoured and cherished to be abandoned by God. All critical stakeholders must rise up to occasion. Nothing should be spared in this must-win battle. Government, security establishments, media, faith-based, youth-based and non-governmental organisations must redouble efforts. God bless us all. Labaran Saleh Abuja


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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Online Comments PDP: Is the legend coming to an end? Mr. Abdin says: You are absolutely right Mallam Garba Shehu, Nigerians really need a lion leading sheep not sheep leading lion. That is why we really need to have a system that is working….

Senate committee issues FERMA ultimatum concern40 says: Charity, they say begins at home. FERMA M.D. is a man so full of himself. In one publication, I read the public declaration of the managing director of federal roads maintenance agency, that the staff welfare is being improved by the current management. I must say 85% of the staff is leaving in fear of what to eat tomorrow and he dared make such public declaration. I must let you know that the salary of a level 10 in FERMA is less than 75k. If you are not an engineer don’t bother seeking a job placement with the agency. How can we smile when we are deprived of what belongs to us. The necessities that are the lowest rights to decent existence become our greatest ideals because we are ruled by intellectual midgets whose satisfaction is seeing the sufferings of the helpless. We have become emasculated by vacuous and fatuous men. The ubiquity of folly in every strata of societal life plunges our recognition amongst fellow mortals farther and farther into the abyss of inconsequential entities. We are beggars hoping for a glimmer of life from those imbeciles who decimate our future by their ignorance.

INEC to distribute permanent voters’ card Friday

Arimieari Nketawaji B... says: I want to say a big thanks to the amiable INEC Chairman regarding the earlier commencement of the exercise

Alleged bias: Reps stop presidential scholarship awards KABIR says: Be serious law makers, do you have the power to order the executive arm to “halt” do-

Mark

Jega

Mu’azu

ing what it sets out to do? We all know that yours is to advise and almost in all cases, those advice were not even given a second look but dumped in the trash can. Business continues as usual.

leges

here is that a monster has been created which sooner or later may go out of control of their political masters. Certain people are benefiting financially from the current security situation in the country, from inflated security contracts.

Electricity consumers to pay N750 as fixed charge from June 1 AAF says: May 26, 2014 at 7:33 am (Edit) This is the most unreasonable system to cover up for one’s inefficiency. Three months ago, I bought PHCN recharge card and I was charged N702.00 as fixed charge. This credit did not finish until after three months because the light has never been regular. while buying to recharge again after three months, I was charged N2,106 which is to cover for the three months period that I have not bought PHCN credit which was actually not the fault of mine. The truth is that this system of fixed charge will rather promote inefficiency than efficiency. It will come as free money to PHCN. Imagine you have only 10 million Nigeria using PHCN and you charge them N750 as fixed charge – whether there is light or no light, PHCN will make N7,500,000,000.00 for that month. What a nice way to defraud the people and to promote inefficiency. Nigerians should not support this corruption. It is EVIL and SATANIC.

Boko Haram leader hiding in military camp, El Zakzaky al-

Abbas A. says:

In a political context, the government is instituted to protect right of its citizens. A proper government’s only responsibility is to protect the rights of the individuals, by banning the initiation of force, thus making all relations between men peaceful, such as free from the threat of violence and fraud. This is under clearly defined law but contrary to what is happening in the country. Our government is not serious. They tried to achieve their mission by partnering with western countries. Many people stated the same. Sheikh Ibrahim Zakzaky said the Boko Haram is clearly defined as a conspiracy to destroy the country. The US Sen. John McCain stated that whether the Nigerian government gives permission or not, the US should send special force. Why did they not send special force to central Africa to fight against the terrorists that caused the death of thousands? Why did US support terrorists in Syria by supplying weapons including chemical weapons to the terrorists? Why not saved the hundreds on board Malaysia plane, and are yet to disclose any evidence of the location of the Boko Haram firgters or the hostages with all your hi-tech surveillance system and drones. Many sources hinted the interest of our security forces, the government, and the western world in terrorism. The government plays with our intelligence, communications can be intercepted and be traced but the Boko Haram communicates freely and even upload video on youtube as if they own their satellite, and maybe they do using US/Israel military satellite. GORDON DUFF: Sources within the Intel community have confirmed that Boko Haram is getting Intel assistance from senior Nigerian intelligence officials. To these officials, this is a means to an end. The danger

AGU says:

Who does this BH apologist thinks he can deceive: bringing mistrust among the security operatives, putting USA & Israel- the two core enemies of radical Islam nations against Nigeria. Malam BH, tell your story to the birds. Well meaning Nigerians will not buy your fabricated lies.

Abducted girls: Boko Haram claims responsibility – Report

oladimeji says: If terror stops Mr President, God will stop them also.

Chibok: How FG bungled rescue effort

Ojo says: The time is running out. Do what you want to do fast. Imagine the trauma the girls must have been passing through since 40 days ago. You have reduced the whole issue to talktalk without results. Please act fast before it is too late.

Presidency is behind mischief against me, says Sule Lamido Sani maikaset mallam Madori says: This is true Mr Lamido. All those people can’t do otherwise. You are planted by God and you can also be protected by him.

Emir of Gombe, Abubakar is dead

Tambuwal

El-zakzaky

Shekau

Mr. Abdin says: May his soul rest in perfect peace. Atiku you are right he is really an ageless achiever who inspired his subjects to seek for education. He has also brought development to his people.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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News Extra

There is no democracy in Nigeria —Balarabe Musa From Ahmed Abubakar, Dutse

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ormer Governor of old Kaduna state, Alhaji Abdulkadir Balarabe Musa has said that there is no true democracy in Nigeria hence there shouldn’t be any need to celebrate democracy. Speaking Thursday in Jigawa, as a guest speaker at a lecture during the Democracy Day celebration, with the theme: “Youths and the quest for national unity in Nigeria: Issues, challenges and prospects”, he said “there is nothing there to celebrate on May 29”. Alhaji Balarabe Musa also opined that there are better days that are more symbolic for the celebration of our democracy than the May 29, that has been officially declared by government.

The elder statesman said, “What is left of our democracy is democratic aspirations and even a slave aspire that one day he shall be set free”. He said what is the need to celebrate a military transition to a former military head of state all in the guise of celebrating democracy?” He also said that the type of democracy being practised in the country is what he term as ‘bourgeoisie’ were he explained that,” it is either the democracy of the rich and powerful or democracy for the ruling class against that of the proletarians”. He said “January 1, 1960, when Nigeria gots its independence,june 12 1993 when there Nigerians sacrificed their differences both real and superficial to elect their leader should have been days to reckon with for democratic

celebrations than May 29th”, he said. He said even the actions that prevailed after May 29th were characterised with failure to conduct credible elections, high level of poverty, hunger and unemployment, the level of corruption and stealing is glarring and embarrassing under a democratic rule”. He said, “The most recent of embarrassment the country is faced with is that of surrendering the national security to foreigners to do for us what we could have easily done, because we have the facilities and the capability”. He warned that the action would only plunge the country into turmoil the same way Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Afghanistan were subjected to”, he said.

Democracy Day: APC will provide good leadership’, Wamakko assures From Raji Bello, Sokoto

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overnor Aliyu Wamakko of Sokoto state has said his is optimistic that APC would stand as alternative to bad governance of the current PDP-led government if brought to power in the forthcoming general elections. He made this assertion on Thursday, shortly after a special prayer offered to commemorate this year Democratic Day celebrations held at Government House, Sokoto. The prayer session was attended by the governor, representative of Sultan of Sokoto, Islamic leaders and other government officials. While answering questions from Journalists, Wamakko also said his party would put in place an alternative to bad governance. Wamakko described as alarming the high level of corruption and impunity being encouraged by the present administration, saying “Nigeria needs to be redirected for better”. According to Wamakko, “I may sound selfish but it is true that APC is an alternative to bad governance. APC is the party that intends to bring about true rule of law in the country if elected. “It is the party that can guarantee good leadership and ensure equity, justice as well as fairness. The party will ensure that the massive corruption going on in the land would be cut to minimum,” he explained. He described the nation’s democracy as moving in right direction, adding that “So far so good, we are moving on as a nation under the democratic system.”

Deputy Speaker, House of Reps. Hon. Emeka Ihedioha (left) paid a condolence Visit on the Chairman of the National Conference, Justice Idris Kutigi over the death of his Wife Maryamu who died recently at National Hospital in Abuja last Thursday

Undue attack: Chibok campaigners vow to take on Police By Evelyn Okakwu

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he Coordinator of the Bring back our girls campaign, Hadiza Bala Mohammed has said that the group will take on the Nigerian Police, especially the FCT police for acting as onlookers, rather than saving the situation when a set of thugs attacked them during their peaceful rally in Abuja, Wednesday. Speaking during an interaction with Peoples Daily Weekend on Thursday, Hadiza said they were attacked by a set of market women and thugs who claimed to be seeking the release of the girls, but targeting their campaign towards the Boko Haram terrorist group, rather than the government, as in the case of the first group. “We are not the same with any group which says that the campaign to rescue the girls should focus on the terror group, we did not elect terrorists as our leaders, and they are certainly not responsible for the protection of lives and property of every Nigerian. That is the sole responsibility of government and thus; our campaign for the release of the girls by the security forces, through the directive of government,” she stated. She condemned the actions of the police who watched while the thugs drove them away and tried to disrupt their program, adding that it took the intervention of men among them to save the women from harm. “The police just watched while the thugs chased us. It was the men among us who formed a ring around us to prevent them from breaking our heads”. Speaking earlier at the event, one of the leaders of the campaign Obi Ezkwesili described the attack as a negation of the principle of democracy. A visit to the venue of campaign by the second group revealed a set of hostile campaigners whose clothes carried the tagline; ‘Release our girls’ rather than the one on the clothes won by the first group which says: “# Bring our girls” Efforts to identify their leader or spokes person proved abortive as they chased our reporter away accusing her of over-stepping her boundaries.

Niger Delta ministry to establish fish parks By Ikechukwu Okaforadi

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he Minister of Niger Delta Affairs, Darius Ishaku, has disclosed that the ministry, will establish industry fish parks in four locations in the Niger Delta region, as a measure to boost fish production in the country and create jobs for the youths in the region. The minister made this disclosure while inspecting a large-scale fish farm on the Akosumbo Dam on Volta River in Ghana’s Eastern Region. He said his ministry would collaborate with investors to establish an integrated large scale fish farm in the Niger Delta region.

He said the necessary facilities for hatching billions of fingerlings, fish feeds production and a high-capacity fish processing and packaging plant will be in the park. The Minister explained that the large-scale farm, in addition to fish farming, will supply fingerlings and fish feeds to three medium-size satellite fish farms and also process and package their fish harvests. Architect Darius Ishaku said that he was impressed by the farm, and assured that the necessary conducive atmosphere would be provided by the Federal Government for investors to replicate the type of fish farm he visited in Ghana.

He noted that with large bodies of water in the creeks and inlets into the Atlantic Ocean, it was possible to establish similar fish farms in the Niger Delta region to produce enough fish to meet the current estimated national demand of 2.7 million metric tons per annum and export surplus to earn foreign exchange for the country. He noted that most communities in the Niger Delta flourished on fishing for centuries and emphasized the need to empower them to reap from the benefits of fish farming, which will consolidate their skills in managing fishery value chain from hatchery to marketing

Democracy day: Mrs. Yero calls for peace, unity From Femi Oyelola, Kaduna

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he wife of the Kaduna State Governor Hajiya Fatima Mukhtar Ramalan Yero has called on all Nigerians to strive towards peace and unity of purpose that will get the nation out of the present insecurity that is plundering the nation. She stated this in a massage to the people of Kaduna state on the occasion of 15years of uninterrupted democracy. In a press statement signed by her Chief Press Secretary, Aisha Sani Junaid said the Kaduna state First Lady the democratic journey

has witnessed challenges but Nigerians never gave up. According to her, Nigerians have come out stronger in whatever situation they find themselves and will come out of the present insecurity in the land. She therefore urged all Nigerians to collectively work hard towards attaining the ultimate dream for Nigeria. Hajiya Fatima while wishing all Nigerians a peaceful and happy democracy day celebration called on all relevant authorities, institutions and persons to promote the values of democracy and provide dividends to the people.

Meanwhile the democracy day celebration in Kaduna was low keyed and the major streets of the metropolis were deserted as people stayed in door. Some residents who spoke to this reporter said the state of the nation demands that everybody should be vigilant. Major highways like Independent way, Ahamadu Bello way, Isa Kaita and Ali Akilu way witnessed low traffic. Major shopping malls like Mangal and Makarfi were also destroyed as few people were seen around.


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Great Speeches

PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Churchill: “The Sinews of Peace” (III)

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urkey and Persia are both profoundly alarmed and disturbed at the claims which are being made upon them and at the pressure being exerted by the Moscow Government. An attempt is being made by the Russians in Berlin to build up a quasi-Communist party in their zone of Occupied Germany by showing special favours to groups of left-wing German leaders. At the end of the fighting last June, the American and British Armies withdrew westwards, in accordance with an earlier agreement, to a depth at some points of 150 miles upon a front of nearly four hundred miles, in order to allow our Russian allies to occupy this vast expanse of territory which the Western Democracies had conquered. If now the Soviet Government tries, by separate action, to build up a proCommunist Germany in their areas, this will cause new serious difficulties in the British and American zones, and will give the defeated Germans the power of putting themselves up to auction between the Soviets and the Western Democracies. Whatever conclusions may be drawn from these facts—and facts they are—this is certainly not the Liberated Europe we fought to build up. Nor is it one which contains the essentials of permanent peace. The safety of the world requires a new unity in Europe, from which no nation should be permanently outcast. It is from the quarrels of the strong parent races in Europe that the world wars we have witnessed, or which occurred in former times, have sprung. Twice in our own lifetime we have seen the United States, against their wishes and their traditions, against arguments, the force of which it is impossible not to comprehend, drawn by irresistible forces, into these wars in time to secure the victory of the good cause, but only after frightful slaughter and devastation had occurred. Twice the United States has had to send several millions of its young men across the Atlantic to find the war; but now war can find any nation, wherever it may dwell between dusk and dawn. Surely we should work with conscious purpose for a grand pacification of Europe, within the structure of the United Nations and in accordance with its Charter. That I feel is an open cause of policy of very great importance. In front of the iron curtain which lies across Europe are other causes for anxiety. In Italy the Communist Party is seriously hampered by having to support the Communist-trained Marshal Tito’s claims to former Italian territory at the head of the Adriatic. Nevertheless the future of Italy hangs in the balance. Again one cannot imagine a regenerated Europe without a strong France. All my public life I have worked for a strong France and I never lost faith in her destiny, even in the darkest hours. I will not lose faith now. However, in a great number of countries, far from the Russian frontiers and throughout the world, Communist fifth columns are established and work in complete unity and absolute obedience to the directions they receive from the Communist centre. Except in the British Commonwealth and in the United States where Communism is in its infancy, the Communist parties or fifth columns constitute a growing challenge and peril to Christian civilisation. These are sombre facts for anyone to have to recite on the morrow of a victory gained by so much splendid comradeship in arms and in the cause of freedom and democracy; but we should be most unwise not to face them squarely while time remains. The outlook is also anxious in the Far East and especially in Manchuria. The Agreement which was made at Yalta, to which I was a party, was extremely favourable to Soviet Russia, but it was made at a time when no one could say that the German war might not extend all through the summer and autumn of 1945 and when the Japanese war was expected to last for a further 18 months from the end of the German war. In this country you are all so well-informed

On March 5, 1946, in a speech before Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, the great English statesman and World War II (1939-1945) leader Winston Churchill intoned his famous warning: “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.” He coined the phrase iron curtain, still used today, to refer to the tightly controlled border in Europe that separated Western democracies from the Eastern and Central states under the influence of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). To prevent future wars, Churchill called for the establishment of both a strong alliance between Western nations and a “good understanding” with the USSR. about the Far East, and such devoted friends of China, that I do not need to expatiate on the situation there. I have felt bound to portray the shadow which, alike in the west and in the east, falls upon the world. I was a high minister at the time of the Versailles Treaty and a close friend of Mr. LloydGeorge, who was the head of the British delegation at Versailles. I did not myself agree with many things that were done, but I have a very strong impression in my mind of that situation, and I find it painful to contrast it with that which prevails now. In those days there were high hopes and unbounded confidence that the wars were over, and that the League of Nations would become all-powerful. I do not see or feel that same confidence or even the same hopes in the haggard world at the present time. n the other hand I repulse the idea that a new war is inevitable; still more that it is imminent. It is because I am sure that our fortunes are still in our own hands and that we hold the power to save the future, that I feel the duty to speak out now that I have the occasion and the opportunity to do so. I do not believe that Soviet Russia desires war. What they desire is the fruits of war and the indefinite expansion of their power and doctrines. But what we have to consider here today while time remains, is the permanent prevention of war and the establishment of conditions of freedom and democracy as rapidly as possible in all countries. Our difficulties and dangers will not be removed by closing our eyes to them. They will not be removed by mere waiting to see what happens; nor will they be removed by a policy of appeasement. What is needed is a settlement, and the longer this is delayed, the more difficult it will be and the greater our dangers will become. From what I have seen of our Russian friends and Allies during the war, I am convinced that there is nothing they admire so much as strength, and there is nothing for which they have less respect than for weakness, especially military weakness. For that reason the old doctrine of a balance of power is unsound. We cannot afford, if we can help it, to work on narrow margins, offering temptations to a trial of strength. If the Western Democracies stand together in strict adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter, their influence for furthering those principles will be immense and no one is likely to molest them. If however they become divided or falter in their duty and if these all-important years are allowed to slip away then indeed catastrophe may overwhelm us all. Last time I saw it all coming and cried aloud to my own fellow-countrymen and to the world, but no one paid any attention. Up till the year 1933 or even 1935, Germany might have been saved from the awful fate which has overtaken her

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and we might all have been spared the miseries Hitler let loose upon mankind. There never was a war in all history easier to prevent by timely action than the one which has just desolated such great areas of the globe. It could have been prevented in my belief without the firing of a single shot, and Germany might be powerful, prosperous and honoured to-day; but no one would listen and one by one we were all sucked into the awful whirlpool. We surely must not let that happen again. This can only be achieved by reaching now, in 1946, a good understanding on all points with Russia under the general authority of the United Nations Organisation and by the maintenance of that good understanding through many peaceful years, by the world instrument, supported by the whole strength of the English-speaking world and all its connections. There is the solution which I respectfully offer to you in this Address to which I have given the title ‘The Sinews of Peace.’ et no man underrate the abiding power of the British Empire and Commonwealth. Because you see the 46 millions in our island harassed about their food supply, of which they only grow one half, even in war-time, or because we have difficulty in restart-

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ing our industries and export trade after six years of passionate war effort, do not suppose that we shall not come through these dark years of privation as we have come through the glorious years of agony, or that half a century from now, you will not see 70 or 80 millions of Britons spread about the world and united in defence of our traditions, our way of life, and of the world causes which you and we espouse. If the population of the English-speaking Commonwealths be added to that of the United States with all that such cooperation implies in the air, on the sea, all over the globe and in science and in industry, and in moral force, there will be no quivering, precarious balance of power to offer its temptation to ambition or adventure. On the contrary, there will be an overwhelming assurance of security. If we adhere faithfully to the Charter of the United Nations and walk forward in sedate and sober strength seeking no one’s land or treasure, seeking to lay no arbitrary control upon the thoughts of men; if all British moral and material forces and convictions are joined with your own in fraternal association, the highroads of the future will be clear, not only for us but for all, not only for our time, but for a century to come.

Last time I saw it all coming and cried aloud to my own fellow-countrymen and to the world, but no one paid any attention. Up till the year 1933 or even 1935, Germany might have been saved from the awful fate which has overtaken her and we might all have been spared the miseries Hitler let loose upon mankind.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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Archive

The ABC of Terrorism (III) C Weapons of Terrorism

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ombing historically has been the most common terrorist tactic. Terrorists have often relied on bombs because they provide a dramatic, yet fairly easy and often riskfree, means of drawing attention to themselves and their cause. Few skills are required to manufacture a crude bomb, surreptitiously plant it, and then be miles away when it explodes. Bombings generally do not require the same planning, organization, and knowledge required for more sophisticated operations, such as kidnapping, assassination, and assaults against well-defended targets. Not surprisingly, the frequency of various types of terrorist attacks decreases in direct proportion to the complexity or sophistication required. Armed attacks historically rank as the second most-common terrorist tactic, followed by more complex operations such as assassination of heads of state or other well-protected people, kidnapping, hostage taking, and hijacking. C1 Bombs Bombs can consist of commercially produced explosives such as black powder, TNT, or dynamite; military supplies such as plastic explosives; or commercially available materials made into homemade explosives, such as fertilizer (ammonium nitrate) mixed with diesel fuel. Bombs can be either explosive or incendiary (designed to cause a fire upon impact). The most effective bombs typically employ a shaped charge (explosive) that channels the force of the blast in a specific direction. Bombs are detonated (made to explode) by a variety of means. Time-delay detonators use a clock, wristwatch, or other timing device. Remote-control detonators rely on radio or other electronic signals. In command-wire detonation a button is pressed or a plunger pushed to trigger the explosion. C2 Firearms Many terrorists have favored firearms, including automatic weapons such as assault rifles, submachine guns, and pistols; revolvers; sawed-off shotguns; hunting rifles with sniper sights, especially for assassination; and machine guns. During the 1990s, terrorists increasingly used rocketpropelled grenades and other armorpiercing projectiles in their attacks. These weapons, more powerful forms of the bazookas used in World War II (1939-1945), can penetrate successive layers of ceramic and reinforced-steel that protect vehicles used by the police and military forces. Another favorite

terrorist weapon is the hand grenade or its homemade equivalent, the Molotov cocktail. This crude grenade is made by filling a glass bottle with gasoline, stuffing a rag down the bottle’s neck, and igniting the rag just before tossing the bottle at a target.

C3 Chemical and Biological Weapons Concern over terrorist use of chemical and biological weapons increased after the 1995 sarin nerve gas attack on the Tokyo subway and the discovery in 2001 of anthrax spores mailed in the United States. Chemical weapons consist of toxic chemical compounds, such as nerve gas or dioxin, whereas biological weapons are living organisms or their toxins, such as anthrax spores. Chemical weapons can be divided into five main classes: incapacitating, choking, blistering, blood, and nerve agents. Incapacitating agents are the only deliberately nonlethal chemical weapon. They include the tear gases and pepper sprays typically used by police and other law enforcement agencies for crowd control or to subdue a person temporarily. Choking agents attack the victim’s respiratory system and hamper breathing, leading to death by suffocation. Blister agents produce large blisters on exposed skin that do not heal readily and therefore easily become infected. Blood agents, which victims absorb through breathing, enter the bloodstream and lead to convulsions, respiratory failure, and death as they shut down the body’s functioning. Nerve agents are especially effective. They can be either inhaled or absorbed through the skin and quickly attack the central nervous system, obstructing breathing. iological agents are diseasecarrying organisms that infect people through inhalation, contaminated food or water, or contact with the skin. They include bacterial toxins, such as anthrax, Clostridium botulinum (botulism), and salmonella; plant toxins such as ricin; and viruses, such as tularemia, yellow fever, and smallpox.

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D Demands of Terrorism The demands of terrorist groups have ranged from such grand schemes as the total remaking of society along ideological lines to far narrower goals such as the release of hostages for money or the publication of a tract stating the terrorists’ goals. During the 1970s and 1980s Marxist-Leninist groups such as the Baader-Meinhof Gang (later renamed the Red Army Faction) in West Germany and the Red Brigades

in Italy waged campaigns to remake society along communist lines (see Communism). Radical Islamic groups have pursued the creation of devoutly religious theocracies (governments under divine guidance). These groups include Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaeda organization, the Abu Sayyaf group in the Philippines, and the Armed Islamic Group in Algeria. Other groups seek narrower goals, such as the reestablishment of a national homeland within an existing country, as does the Basque separatist movement active in Spain, or the unification of a divided nation, as do Irish nationalists in Northern Ireland. E Impact of Terrorism Although most terrorist groups have failed to achieve their long-term, strategic aims through terrorism, terrorism has on occasion brought about significant political changes that might otherwise have been impossible. Moreover, despite the claims of governments to the contrary, terrorism has sometimes also proven successful on a short-term, tactical level: winning the release of prisoners, wresting political concessions from otherwise resistant governments, or ensuring that causes and grievances that might otherwise have been ignored or neglected were addressed. Terrorism was used by some nationalist movements in the anticolonial era just after World War II, when British and French empires in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East dissolved. Countries as diverse as Israel, Cyprus, Kenya, and Algeria owe their independence to these movements. Evidence of terrorist success has come more recently in the examples of Gerry Adams and Martin McGuinness in Northern Ireland and Yasir Arafat in the Middle East. Adams, president of the political wing of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in Northern Ireland, and his deputy McGuinness both won election to the British Parliament in 1997. Arafat, as leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), won international recognition for the PLO. Through tactical victories and political achievements, each of their organizations demonstrated how a series of terrorist acts can propel to world attention long-standing causes and grievances. t the same time, for every terrorist success, there are the countless failures. Most terrorist groups never achieve any of their aims—either short-term or long-term. The life span of most modern terrorist groups underscores this failure. According to one estimate, the life expectancy of at least 90 percent of terrorist

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Francis Ferdinand The assassination of Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife, Czech Countess Sophie Chotek, precipitated World War I. They were killed by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo, Bosnia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Culver Pictures organizations is less than a year, and nearly half of the organizations that make it that far cease to exist within a decade of their founding. Terrorism is designed to threaten the personal safety of its target audience. It can tear apart the social fabric of a country by destroying business and cultural life and the mutual trust upon which society is based. Uncertainty about where and when the next terrorist attack will occur generates a fear that terrorism experts call “vicarious victimization.” A common response to this fear is the refusal to visit shopping malls; attend sporting events; go to the theater, movies, or concerts; or travel, either abroad or within one’s own country. The public’s perception of personal risk, however, often does not dovetail with the observable dimensions of the terrorist threat. Even though the United States was the country most frequently targeted by terrorists from 1968 to 2000, fewer than 1,000 Americans were killed by terrorists, either in the United States or abroad, during that 32-year period, according to figures tabulated by the U.S. State Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Although more than three times that number were killed on September 11, 2001, the fact remains that the perception of the terrorist threat far outweighs the likelihood of being the victim of a terrorist attack. Nonetheless, terrorism’s ability to engender so acute a sense of fear and unease is a measure of its impact on our daily life. ccording to official Canadian government sources, no reliable list of terrorist incidents in Canada exists. An unofficial estimate, however, puts the number of Canadians killed by terrorists both in Canada and overseas since 1968 at roughly 294 persons. This figure includes 279 Canadian citizens among a total of 329 persons killed in 1985 when a bomb exploded aboard an Air India flight en route from Montréal, Québec, to London, England.

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Terrorism at the Olympic Games Armed German police tried unsuccessfully to rescue nine members of the Israeli Olympic team who were taken hostage at the 1972 Games in Munich, West Germany (now Germany). The confrontation ended with a shootout at a nearby airport in which the hostages, a West German police officer, and five guerrillas of the Black September Palestinian terrorist group were killed. UPI/Corbis

VI COUNTERTERRORISM A Jurisdiction over Counterterrorism in the United States The Department of Homeland Security (DHS), created by the Homeland Security Act of 2002, is the primary agency responsible for directing the U.S. government’s efforts to prevent and respond to terrorism. Its creation stemmed from criticism of how the

U.S. government was organized to address the threat of terrorist attack in the United States. The act consolidated in one department dozens of existing government agencies that all share some responsibility for preventing and responding to terrorism, including the Coast Guard, the Border Patrol, the Immigration and Naturalization Service, and the Transportation Security Administration. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), also transferred to DHS, retains responsibility for assisting in recovery from terrorist attacks. Although the DHS unified many of the government’s counterterrorism functions, others remain outside the department. As the nation’s largest law enforcement agency, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) maintains responsibility for investigating acts of terrorism, and its counterterrorism division works to protect the country from terrorist activity. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) collects intelligence in foreign countries about terrorist activities. Other U.S. government agencies with counterterrorism responsibilities include the departments of State, Defense, Energy, Justice, Health and Human Services, Transportation, Agriculture, Commerce, Treasury, and Interior; the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives; the Nuclear Regulatory Agency; and the Environmental Protection Agency. B Jurisdiction over Counterterrorism in Canada The Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) is the Canadian government institution with primary responsibility for the country’s security and intelligence, and within this context, for counterterrorism. Because of concerns over the scope of surveillance powers accorded to CSIS, the Canadian government in 1984 created an oversight agency, the Security Intelligence Review Committee. Its primary responsibility is to act as an independent body to investigate complaints about the CSIS. The Solicitor General’s Office oversees measures to improve airport security, to improve applications of technology in counterterrorism, and to enhance and strengthen cooperation between Canada and the United States against terrorism. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police is the national law enforcement agency of Canada with powers of arrest and search and seizure of evidence relating to terrorist crimes.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Uncontacted Amazonian Tribesmen in Brazil

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tartled tribal men in a remote part of the Amazon basin in Brazil shake their spears as they are pictured from above. The pictures, shot from a plane, were taken of the isolated tribe on the Peruvian border. It is thought the tribe have had little to no contact with the outside world. The tribe, which numbers about 200, lives in Acre State. The Government follows a policy of not contacting them but monitors their land as it is threatened by logging, mining, cattle ranching, fishing and hunting. Leaders of the Ashaninka tribe, which shares territory with this tribe and other uncontacted ones in the Amazon, have asked the government and NGOs for help in controlling the encroachment of these tribes in their own area. According to Survival International, an organisation working for tribal people’s rights worldwide, this particular uncontacted Amazonian tribe grows crops, peanuts, bananas, corns and more. The pictures also show banana plants near the tribe’s straw-roofed huts.

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PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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International MH370 underwater search ends without success

Ukraine vows to bring peace to east

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he area where acoustic signals thought linked to the missing Malaysian plane were detected can now be ruled out as the final resting place of flight MH370, Australian officials say. The Bluefin-21 submersible robot had finished its search of the area and found nothing, they said. Efforts would now focus on reviewing search data, surveying the sea floor and bringing in specialist equipment. Flight MH370 went missing on 8 March as it flew from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing. Using satellite data, officials have concluded that the airliner, which had 239 people on board, ended its journey in the Indian Ocean, north-west of the Australian city of Perth. No trace of the plane has been found and there is no explanation for its disappearance. ‘Discounted’ Four pings that officials believed could be from the missing plane’s “black box” flight recorders were heard by search teams using a towed pinger locator device. These pings were used to define the area for the sea-floor search, conducted by the Bluefin-21. It had scoured over 850 sq km of the ocean floor, JACC said. “Yesterday afternoon, Bluefin-21 completed its last mission searching the remaining areas in the vicinity of the acoustic signals detected in early April by the towed pinger locator,” a statement from the Joint Agency Co-ordination Centre (JACC) said. “The data collected on yesterday’s mission has been analysed. As a result, the JACC can advise that no signs of aircraft debris have been found by the autonomous underwater vehicle since it joined the search effort. “The Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) has advised that the search in the vicinity of the acoustic detections can now be considered complete and in its professional judgement, the area can now be discounted as the final resting place of MH370.”

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A rebel manninga barricade in the Donetsk region, where fighting has recently intensified

krainian forces will continue their offensive against rebels until peace and order are restored in the east, the interim defence minister has said. Fighting has intensified around Slovi-

ansk and 12 Ukrainian troops were killed on Thursday when pro-Russian rebels shot down an army helicopter. Dozens of separatists died on Monday in a battle at Donetsk airport. Russia has again called for Ukraine to

stop its military campaign against the proMoscow rebels. Interim Defence Minister MykhailoKoval told reporters Ukrainian forces would continue operations in border areas “until these regions begin to live normally, until there is peace,” the Reuters news agency reported. And he again accused Russia of backing the rebels - a claim Moscow denies. President-elect Petro Poroshenko has said Ukraine will punish the “bandits” who shot down the helicopter. Among those killed was Maj Gen SerhiyKulchytskiy, head of combat and special training in Ukraine’s National Guard. The leader of the self-declared Donetsk People’s Republic, Alexander Borodai, told Russia’s TV Rain that the only condition for negotiations with Kiev was the withdrawal of its troops from the territories of Donetsk and Luhansk. And he denied any knowledge of the whereabouts of a team of monitors from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), held by separatists. The self-proclaimed mayor of Sloviansk has said they will be freed soon but nothing has been heard of them since Monday. A second group of observers, based in Luhansk, remains unaccounted for.

India gang rapes: Police sacked over hanged girls

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wo police officers in India have been sacked for refusing to help search for two missing girls who were later found gangraped and hanged, officials say. They were also charged with criminal conspiracy, police said, adding that three people had been arrested so far. The government has pledged to set up a fasttrack court to prosecute the crime, which took place earlier this week in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Alleged police inaction sparked outrage in the teenagers’ village.

The father of one victim told the BBC he was ridiculed by police when he sought help in finding his missing daughter. He said that when policemen found out he was from a lower caste, they “refused to look for my girl”. ‘Thorough investigation’ Authorities said on Friday that they were still looking for two other suspects. Senior police official AtulSaxena earlier announced there would be a “thorough investigation” into the allegations of caste discrimination by police. Divisions between India’s castes run deep, and violence is often used by upper castes to instil fear in lower castes, correspondents say. Although both the victim and the accused belonged to a caste

Indian schoolgirls protesting against sexual violence grouping known as “Other Backward Classes”, the victims were lower in that hierarchy. The girls, two cousins aged 14 and 16, went missing in Badaun district on Tuesday night. They had apparently gone out to re-

lieve themselves as they had no toilet at home. Their bodies were discovered the following day. A post-mortem examination confirmed multiple sexual assaults and death due to hanging.

contingent of the African Union peacekeeping forces of permitting attacks on Christians. Francis Che, spokesman for the peacekeeping mission, told Reuters news agency that the latest deaths occurred when some armed protesters attacked the Burundian base. “The Burundians responded with live fire and there were two people killed and two wounded among the assailants,” he said. However, protesters say they were unarmed and had come to speak to the head of the UN mission which has its offices nearby.

More than 10 people died in Wednesday’s gun and grenade attack on the Notre Dame de Fatima church, which is in a mainly Muslim neighbourhood. In a nationwide address on Friday, interim President Catherine Samba-Panza promised that those responsible would be punished. “Inter-community hatred is being exploited shamelessly by the enemies of peace,” she said. The church compound was home to nearly 9,000 displaced people and about 5,000 remain there, a source told the BBC.

CAR clashes leave 2 protesters dead in Bangui

A

t least two people have been killed in a second day of violent protests in the Central African Republic’s

capital Bangui, military officials said. Burundian peacekeepers opened fire after a crowd at-

A Peacekeeper confronts protesters who have taken to the streets in Bangui

tacked their base, an African Union spokesman said. The latest protests have been triggered by a deadly attack on a church on Wednesday. Thousands have taken to the streets demanding the resignation of the transitional government. The Central African Republic (CAR) has suffered ethnic and religious violence for more than a year since mainly Muslim Seleka rebels seized power in the majority Christian country. Correspondents say many protesters accuse the Burundian


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

PAGE 47

Business Personalities

Billionaires 2014 notable newcomers, by Forbes

This year, Forbes welcomes a record 268 first-time faces to its annual listing of the World’s Billionaires, including 42 women, the most ever. They minted their fortunes from social media in Silicon Valley, real estate in China, fashion in Nigeria and every combination in between. The largest contingent – 50 – hails from the United States, followed by China (37), Germany (26) and Brazil (23). In aggregate they are worth some $510 billion – roughly the GDP of Norway – another record. Jan Koum

Patrick Drahi

Net worth: $6.8 billion Country: United States Source of wealth: WhatsApp His mobile messaging startup WhatsApp was sold for a jawdropping $19 billion to Facebook in February. WhatsApp, which Koum cofounded in 2009, enables free text messaging between different phones and countries; it now has 430 million active users. Born and raised outside Kiev, he immigrated to the U.S. at age 16.

Net worth: $6.3 Country: France Source of wealth: telecom He took Altice, the multinational telecommunications company he founded, public in January. Drahi built Altice through 20 acquisitions of lagging cable and mobile operators, often at knockdown prices, in places like France, Belgium, Israel, Portugal, and the Dominican Republic.

Sandra Ortega Mera

Joseph Tsai

Net worth: $6.1 Country: Spain Source of wealth: retail, Zara The daughter of Amancio Ortega, founder of clothing giant Inditex and the third-richest person in the world. Sandra Ortega Mera inherited her fortune from her mother, Rosalia Mera, who died suddenly in August 2013. She devotes her time to her late mother’s nonprofit Fundación Paideia, which supports vocational training for people with mental and physical disabilities.

Net worth: $3.7 billion Country: Canada Source of wealth: e-commerce The vice chairman of Alibaba Group is now a billionaire thanks to the soaring value of the Chinese e-commerce company ahead of its longawaited IPO. The Taiwan-born finance expert earned undergraduate and law degrees from Yale before helping start Alibaba in 1999. A big lacrosse fan, he funds a Hong Kong team.

Evan Williams

Lawrence Ho

Net worth: $3.5 billion Country: United States Source of wealth: Twitter Went from 140 characters to more than $3 billion in less than a decade. The Twitter cofounder saw his net worth soar after his social media company went public to great fanfare in October. Though he still sits on Twitter’s board, Williams now focuses his efforts on blogging platform Medium, which raised $25 million in January.

Net worth: $3 billion Country: Hong Kong Source of wealth: casinos The son of Macau gambling-industry living legend Stanley Ho, becomes a billionaire in his own right this year after a big rise in the stock price of his Hong Kong-listed holding company, Melco International. Its Melco Crown Entertainment, a venture with Australian billionaire James Packer, owns casino in Macau and Manila.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

PAGE 48

Business Personalities

Billionaires 2014 notable newcomers, by Forbes

Brian Acton Net worth: $3 billion Country: United States Source of wealth: WhatsApp In 2009, Facebook declined to hire Brian Acton, an experienced engineer with Yahoo and Apple on his resume. A little more than four years later, they’re paying him $3 billion as part of their acquisition of WhatsApp, the mobile messaging startup he and Jan Koum cofounded.

Folorunsho Alakija

Taizo Son

Net worth: $2.5 billion Country: Nigeria Source of wealth: oil Nigeria’s first female billionaire, Folorunsho Alakija started as a secretary in a bank in the 1970s before studying fashion design in England. Back home, she founded Supreme Stitches, a label catering to high society women. Her powerful relationships translated into a lucrative oil prospecting license, which became OML 127 -- one of Nigeria’s most prolific oil blocks.

Net worth: $2.1 billion Country: Japan Source of wealth: GungHo Online Entertainment The youngest brother of Softbank billionaire Masayoshi Son is the founder of GungHo Online Entertainment. GungHo’s flagship game Puzzle & Dragons is the world’s top grossing app for iOS and Android and the stock has more than doubled over the past year.

John Kapoor

Sunny Varkey

Net worth: $1.9 billion Country: United States Source of wealth: pharmaceuticals Immigrated to the U.S. from India in 1964 for his Ph.D. in pharmaceutical sciences. In 1993, Kapoor sold a stake in a pharmaceuticals company he helped turn around for $100 million. Now he owns and runs two separate drug makers: Akorn, a generic manufacturer, and INSYS Therapeutics, a cancer-treatment developer that has more than quintupled its share price since its May IPO.

Net worth: $1.8 billion Country: India Source of wealth: education The son of Indian expat teachers who moved to Dubai in 1959, took over management of his parents’ Our Own English School in 1980. Today his GEMS Education is the largest operator of private K-12 schools in the world with a network of 132 schools serving 142,000 students in the Middle East, Africa, Europe, China and India.

Alexandre Grendene Bartelle

Aerin Lauder

Net worth: $1.5 billion Country: Brazil Source of wealth: shoes Cofounded, along with twin brother Pedro, Grendene -- the world’s largest sandal manufacturer and Brazil’s leading shoe exporting company. Has prospered due to its focus on low-cost synthetic footwear. Grendene makes some 185 million pairs of shoes annually.

Net worth: $1.15 billion Country: United States Source of wealth: cosmetics The long-time New York socialite is a billionaire thanks to her stake in her grandmother’s $10 billion (sales) cosmetics firm, Estee Lauder. The eldest of Ronald Lauder’s two daughters, she now presides over her own lifestyle empire, launching her eponymous brand Aerin in 2012. But she remains image and style director at her family’s conglomerate, where she’s worked for over two decades.

Sheryl Sandberg

Vince McMahon

Net worth: $1.05 billion Country: United States Source of wealth: Facebook Six years after becoming Facebook’s COO, Sandberg is now one of the world’s youngest self-made women billionaires. The mother of two and author of the best-seller Lean In joins our billionaires list for the first time with her Facebook shares up more than 130% in the past year.

Net worth: $1.2 billion Country: United States Source of wealth: WWE A third generation wrestling promoter, McMahon grew up in a trailer park in North Carolina and joined his father’s small wrestling company in 1972. Purchased the business 10 years later, then transformed the World Wrestling Federation from a regional operation into an international phenomenon. WWE went public in 1999 and today its programs are broadcast in nearly 150 countries and more than 30 languages.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

PAGE 49

Side Talk

By Jacinta David

This week on side talk, a number of issues attracted our attention. Our ink could not resist stories on the emergence of groups seeking to ensure the return of the abducted girls. Also the decision of one investigative body to look into the alleged match fixing in the latest friendly tournaments across the world caught our attention. Similarly, the activities of the power regulating body of the nation, despite popular privatisation, is something that needs to be addressed.Yet still, the events in the greatest opposition group requires us to bite off some chunk of it.

The game of fraud

O

ur next story is propelled by recent reports that there were alleged plans to rig games in a recent popular tournament. Side talk found this report particularly interesting because of various facts. First the tournament in question is international in nature, what this means is that corruption in its very form is enshrined, not only in Nigeria, but also in various parts of the world. According to the reports, there are growing fears that globally acclaimed friendly matches will

be targeted by match fixers acting on behalf of illegal betting syndicates in the Far East. In recent months, there have been a series of arrests following suspected attempts to fix matches in the lower English arm of the game. There have also been allegations of illicit plans in a similar game. Yet still the game in question is regarded as friendly. We wonder what these set of corrupt officials would do if the game was not friendly in nature.

Power failures rather than power passes A rally or re-emergence O of politics? O ur first topic flows from abduction of schoolgirls in North East Nigeria on the 14th April this year. After the incident, a number of rallies were staged nationally and internationally to save the situation that was created by the occurrence of that fateful day. Consequently the international community became interested in the issue as it triggered wide involvement of people both in the social as well as the print media, world wide. The leadership of super powers across the world decided to send troops to join in the struggle for freedom of the unfortunate victims, the abducted schoolgirls. While the troops played their parts, media practitioners analysed variously the possibilities of succes in the said struggle and the challenges ahead for the nation’s leadership. Recently however, another group emerged with the same message, but transmitted in a

different tone. In fact the latest group did not only try to tell the world that its tone of language is different. It went ahead, to prove to the former group that it was not in accordance with its pattern of propagating the same message by disrupting the demonstration and even destroying the equipment of my learned colleagues. The actions of this new group made it necessary to ask if their motive was truly to carry out what their sisters of a kind were doing for fellow sisters, or if they were motivated by factors emanating from Nigeria’s political pocket. Yet if the latter analogy is anything to go by, then the journey ahead for our dear country may indeed be long enough to cause the tears of children yet unborn, for if men could turn an issue so sensitive into their political tool, then indeed there’s more to expect before this great country catches gleams of its promised land.

ur next story is from the energy sector of the country. We all are proud of the achievements of this administration which saw to the successful privatisation of the sector. However, contrary to what we hope for, the fruits of our labour are being frittered away. We hope that this latest trend in the politics of power distribution will make our people smile rather than increase our frowning faces. Side Talk felt it necessary to make this point known for two reasons. The first is the latest report that the tariff from the

sector will be increased. The reports indicated that despite the poor performance of power in this time there are plans to add to the price of money paid by users of the commodity. What this means is that rather than facilitate the infrastructural development of the people, the reality on ground is that policies from the sector seams targeted at imporverishing the people. Yet still another report from the sector indicates that transmission lines from the east have experienced drastic fall in recent times.

The drama of the opposition

O

ur last story is motivated by a report from one of our sources. To put it point blank, yours sincerely watched while a colleague queried a member from this popular opposition group about the series of drama in their group. My dear coleague of a similar gender put forth a question, seeking to know why the group always has to deal with one crisis situation or the other internally? She went further to answer the question saying it might have been because they are made up of a combination of people from various facets. A factor which could generate leadership as well as loyalty issues. Side Talk viewed that for this media woman to speak in this light about a group of politicians, before one of them in a special chart, the case must certainly be out of proportion.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

PAGE 50

Healthy Living

Tooth decay fact file

With

Dr. Samuel Omodele Awosolu 08108155239 (SMS only) samawosolu@yahoo.co.uk (Text only)

T

he most common oral health problem by a mile is tooth decay. Tooth decay occurs when the outermost layers of the tooth surface referred to as enamel gets worn down. The culprit is the acid produced as a by product of the action of bacteria which are ordinarily resident in the mouth and act on food types basically carbohydrate or sugar. There are outer layers of the tooth surface, the visible crown, the dentine layer, the pulp, which can be affected by tooth decay. A sticky coat plaque forms on the tooth surface called plaque, which is easily removed by general oral hygiene measures like tooth-brushing, use of dental floss, mouthwash and any oral hygiene aid. The bacteria germs in the mouth feed on the substrate

of reducing sugars and the carbohydrate in a similar fashion as we humans take in food for energy. The acid produced as a by-product of the bacteria metabolism is the culprit in the demineralisation of the hard tooth surfaces hence the dental decay, tooth decay, dental caries. The whole process is based on the structure of the tooth and the action of these acids, which can dissolve the content of the tooth structure. The body naturally tries to repair the fault and damage so there is deposition of more minerals on the tooth surface, it becomes a battle of the two extremes deposition and removal, The ding dong process goes on and once the balance is tilted in the direction of dissolution or removal of the hard mineral structure of the tooth,

tooth decay forms. The tooth decay appears in the tooth as holes and should this progress unchecked it goes affecting deeper layers of the tooth until it reaches the centre, the pulp of the tooth containing nerves and blood vessels, at this point the pain may be excruciating and the battle to save the tooth via treating the decay may be lost. It stands to reason that tooth decay is not an instantaneous occurrence; it rather is a gradual process. When the cavity/hole/ decay is at the initial stages treatment can be sought and the decay arrested and a filling placed on the tooth. This filling stops the cavity from progressing in most of the cases. The body tries to fight back as earlier stated, other mechanisms

of preventing the decay of teeth include the body fluids of the environment, saliva. Saliva produced by several major and minor salivary glands in the head and oral cavity is a neutralising solution which mixes and washes away the acid produced by the bacteria in the mouth. It has a ph, ionic hydrogen ion concentration closer to neutral hence it acts an s a balance making the oral cavity less acidic. The saliva has some important ions too like fluoride; the fluoride is an important ion as it makes the tooth surface more resistant to the attack and dissolution by the acid produced in the mouth by the bacteria acting on the carbohydrate food. Fluoride is deliberately added in toothpaste at optimum concentration to make the teeth more resistant to decay. This is the principle behind using fluoride in water supplies, toothpaste, mouth rinses, as topical application on children teeth at the dentists. Whilst plaque is continuously formed in the mouth and on the teeth, the failure to remove

plaque regularly by not adhering to oral hygiene measures, may result in calcium deposits hardening plaque to become tartar/calculus.....This can only be removed at the dentists and it is necessary to note that calculus may accumulate in some specific areas of the mouth. The dentist will be able to help remove calculus and clean the mouth by a procedure called scaling and polishing. This is a professional way of cleaning the mouth. To prevent tooth decay dietary advice is essential, there are some tooth friendly food, that the dentist can advise you consume -fruits and vegetables which are not only kind to the tooth they are kind to the general wellbeing. They contain anti oxidants and vitamins and help the body keep in top shape. Once yearly regular visits to the dentist will be the best way to avoid having tooth decay, the dentist will give the dietary advice where necessary, help with preventive advice and detect any early signs of tooth decay.

It stands to reason that tooth decay is not an instantaneous occurrence; it rather is a gradual process. When the cavity/hole/ decay is at the initial stages treatment can be sought and the decay arrested and a filling placed on the tooth. This filling stops the cavity from progressing in most of the cases.

Glossary of commonly used dental terms (IV) H • Hemisection : The surgical separation of a multirooted tooth through the furcation area in such a way that the blocked, defective, or periodontally affected root or roots may be removed along with the associated portion of the crown. • High noble metal : See metal, classification of. I • Immediate denture : A denture constructed for immediate placement after removal of the remaining teeth. • Impacted tooth : An unerupted or partially erupted tooth that is positioned against another bone or soft tissue so that total eruption is unlikely. • Implant : An artificial device, usually make of a metal alloy or ceramic material, that is implanted within the jawbone

as a means to attach an artificial crown, denture , or bridge. • Incipient : Dental carries in an early stage of development, usually not requiring immediate restorations. • Incisal : Pertaining to the cutting edges of incisor and cuspid teeth. • Incision and Drain : (I and D) A sweeping incision made through the core of a lesion to allow draining of infection, and removal of any abnormal or unhealthy tissue. • Indirect pulp cap : A procedure in which the nearly exposed pulp as covered with a protective dressing to protect the pulp from additional injury and to promote healing and repair via formation of secondary dentin. • Inlay : A cast gold filling that is used replace part of the tooth. • Interproximal : The area between two adjacent teeth. • Intracoronal : The area within a crown of

a tooth. •Intraoral : The inside of a mouth. L • Labial : The area pertaining to or around the lip. • Lingual : The area pertaining to or around the tongue. • Local Anesthetic : The injection given in the mouth to numb the areas where a tooth or area needs a dental procedure. Often referred to as Novocain. M • Malocclusion : The improper alignment of biting or chewing surfaces of upper and lower teeth. • Mandible : The lower jaw. • Maryland bridge : The trade name that becomes synonymous with any resin bonded fixed partial denture (bridge). • Mastication : The act of chewing.

• Maxilla : The upper jaw. • Mesial : Toward or situated in the middle. • Metals, classification of : The noble metal classification system has been adopted as a more precise method of reporting various alloys in dentistry commonly used in crowns, bridges, and dentures. These alloys contain varying percentages of Gold, Palladium, and/or Platinum. High noble contains more than 60% of Gold, Palladium and/or Platinum (with at least 40% Gold); noble contains more than 25% Gold, Palladium and/or Platinum; predominately base less than 25% Gold, Palladium and/or Platinum. • Molars : The broad, multicusped back teeth, used for grinding food are considered the largest teeth in the mouth. In adults there are a total of twelve molars (including the four wisdom teeth, or third molars), three on each side of the upper and lower jaws.


PAGE 51

PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Qualities of an effective church worker (III) W

elcome to your favourite column. In the second part of this series last week, I talked about four of the qualities of an effective worker namely: he must be born again, he must have intimacy with God, he must have a good grasp or understanding of Bible teachings and he must be full of the spirit and wisdom. I pray that the Lord will speak to you as you read other qualities today and you’ll become an effective church worker. A life of purity. God is a holy God. “You must be holy because I, the LORD, am holy. I have set you apart from all other people to be my very own.” (Lev 20:26 NLT) Those who will serve in His house must live a holy life if they are going to be effective. God can use anybody but not anyhow – he must live a life of purity once he comes to Him. 2 Tim 2:20-21 says, “In a wealthy home some utensils are made of gold and silver, and some are made of wood and clay. The expensive utensils are used for special occasions, and the cheap ones are for everyday use. If you keep yourself pure, you will be a utensil God can use for his purpose. Your life will be clean, and you will be ready for the Master to use you for every good work.” (NLT) The Bible says the body of a child of God is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in him; he doesn’t own his body since he has been bought at a price and therefore should glorify God in his body and spirit, which are God’s. (1 Cor 6:19-20) He must sanctify himself. “I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service. And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect

will of God.” (Rom 12:1-2 NKJV) The purity is not like the purity of the Pharisee which was just external but purity that flows from inside and affects the outside – they were like whitewashed tombs – beautiful on the outside but filled on the inside with dead people’s bones and all sorts of impurity. (Matt 23:27-28) No, there must be complete purity both inner and outer. “Because we have these promises, dear friends, let us cleanse ourselves from everything that can defile our body or spirit. And let us work toward complete purity because we fear God.” (2 Cor 7:1 NLT) This Scripture talks of cleansing from everything that can defile the body or spirit. So it’s not only the body alone or only the spirit – neither must not be defiled. Paul told Timothy to be an example to all believers in what he taught, in the way he lived, in his love, his faith, and his PURITY. (1 Tim 4:12) Christians must obey the commands of Jesus with all PURITY. (1 Tim 6:14) Any Christian who will be an effective worker must keep himself pure, and God will use him for his purpose. Good character and reputation. D.L Moody said, “If I take care of my character, my reputation will take care of itself.” As you saw in Acts 6:3, the seven deacons were required to have good reputation. Nobody is an angel – no one can boast of sinless perfection – but someone with a bad reputation is a liability for the work of the kingdom. Here the emphasis is not on the past life of the prospective worker because he that is in Christ is a new creature, old things have passed away; all things have become new. (2 Cor 5:17) What is important is his new life in Christ. Does he have good character? What do others say about him? Looking at the qualifications for deacons which Paul listed out for the church later, we see that they have

to do more with the character and reputation of those to be appointed. Their character must be tested. “In the same way, deacons must be people who are respected and have integrity. They must not be heavy drinkers and must not be greedy for money. They must be committed to the revealed truths of the Christian faith and must live with a clear conscience. Before they are appointed as deacons, they should be given other responsibilities in the church as a test of their character and ability. If they do well, then they may serve as deacons.” (1 Tim 3:8-10 NLT) Good character and reputation cannot be sacrificed on the altar of spiritual gifts. It is always important. Even in the appointment of elders or bishops, most of the requirements have to do with this. (1 Tim 3:1-5) Verse 2 specifically says elders must “have a good reputation.” Titus 1:5-8 gives a similar list of requirements for appointing elders or bishops most of which have to do with character. A church should be careful not to appoint workers or leaders who will bring reproach to her. Unfortunately, there are church workers and leaders like that today who, by their lives, make outsiders including non-believers wonder if the church has any standard at all. Such are bad advertisers of their churches spoiling the image. Like the Bible says about David in the case of adultery with Bathsheba and the killing of her husband, Uriah, these workers, by their deeds, give great opportunity to the enemies of the LORD to despise and blaspheme Him. (2 Sam 12:14) Such workers are unhelpful in advancing the Kingdom of God. Faithfulness. To be faithful means to be dependable, loyal, trustworthy and stable. Faithfulness is an essential quality for anyone to be an effective worker or leader in the kingdom of

From the Pulpit green pastures By Pastor T. O. Banso

cedarministryintl@yahoo.com GSM: 08033113523 God. 1 Cor 4:2 says, “Moreover it is required in stewards that one be found faithful.” (NKJV) Paul enjoined Timothy, his son in the ministry: “And the things that you have heard from me among many witnesses, commit these to faithful men who will be able to teach others also.” (2 Tim 2:2 NKJV) The New Living Translation uses the word “trustworthy” instead of faithful. A church worker or leader must be faithful to God and his leader or pastor; he must be faithful in using his God-given gifts and talents. God testified about Moses that he was faithful in all His house. (Num 12:7) Verses 2 and 5 of Heb 3 echo the same testimony. Jesus was also faithful as a Son over his own house. (Verse 6) The Bible says Daniel, as governor in Babylon, was faithful and no error or fault was found in him. (Dan 6:4) Paul described Timothy as faithful in the Lord. (1 Cor 4:17) What will be the testimony concerning you? From the parable of the ten minas that Jesus told in Luke 19:11-27 and the parable of the talents that he told in Matt 25:14-30, we can see faithful stewards and unfaithful stewards and the attendant rewards. Luke 16:10-12 says, “He that is faithful in a very little is faithful also in much: and he that is unrighteous in a very little is unrighteous also in much. If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true (riches)? And if ye have not been faithful in that which is another’s, who will give you that which is your own?” (ASV) God rewards faithfulness; faithfulness pays. Nehemiah said, “I

gave the responsibility of governing Jerusalem to my brother Hanani, along with Hananiah, the commander of the fortress, for he was a faithful man who feared God more than most.” (Neh 7:2 NLT) Faithfulness is always rewarded with higher responsibility. Faithful people receive promotion, and they remain relevant. Because of the limitation of space, I’ll stop here today and continue next week. The Lord bless you as you obey his voice. Be an effective church worker. TAKE ACTION! If you want to give your life to Jesus, kindly say this prayer now: “0 Lord God, I come unto you today. I know I am a sinner and I cannot save myself. I believe that Jesus is the Son of God who died on the cross to save me and resurrected the third day. I repent of my sins and forsake them. I confess Jesus as my Lord and Saviour and surrender my life to him today. I invite Jesus into my heart today. By this prayer, I know I am saved. Thank you Jesus for saving me and making me a child of God” I believe you have said this prayer from your heart. Congratulations! You will need to join a Bible believing, Bible teaching church in your area where you will be taught how to live your new life in Christ Jesus. I pray that you flourish like the palm tree and grow like the cedar of Lebanon. May you grow into Christ in all things becoming all God wants you to be. I’ll be glad to hear from you.

Praying for forgiveness and forgiving others 3. POSSIBILITY AND PERIL OF FORFEITING FORGIVENESS FROM GOD Matthew 6:12,14,15; 18:2135; Mark 11:25,26; Luke 6:36,37; Ephesians 4:31,32; James 2:13; Galatians 6:1-3; Colossians 3:13-17; Luke 15:25-30.

H

aving received infinite mercy and great forgiveness, we ought to show gratitude to the Creator by forgiving all His creatures. No man should lie down in his bed at night without forgiving all those who had offended him. From the parable of the kingdom which Jesus told, forgiving our fellowmen 100 pence when God has forgiven us 10,000 talents should be normal and natural. This forgiveness does not merit God’s forgiveness but it should be the natural consequence of the joy of being forgiven by God. He who will not show mercy and forgive others rejects mercy and forgiveness himself. If a man comes before God, harbouring dark and vengeful thoughts, how can he expect that God will show him that mercy which he is not willing to show others? If we are unwilling to forgive others, we have the assurance that God will never

forgive us. A life without forgiveness is a life without love, without grace, without Christ. The divine plan is that those who receive mercy from God must show that mercy to others. Special Study 14/04/2014 DIVINE GUIDANCE AND PROTECTION THROUGH PRAYER Matthew 6:13 We now come to consider the final petition in the Lord’s Prayer. “And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil ”. Our Saviour and Lord cautions us against selfconfidence and over-confidence as He teaches us to pray this way. He knows that the best of His disciples and the greatest of kingdom citizens need divine help and strength to overcome temptation and all evil. He knows how strong the wiles and snares of the evil one are; He knows how weak the flesh is even when the spirit is willing; He knows how determined the evil one is to defeat and destroy believers through temptation. So He teaches us to pray that God will prevent us and protect us from the path and power of temptation. Yet, we live in the world which is under the

By Pastor W.F Kumuyi influence and control of the evil one, a world of evil workers, an evil world. Our safety and security is in our God who has all power to “deliver us from evil ”. He is able and He is willing to deliver us from all evil. The doxology gives us unshakeable assurance to expect the answer to our prayer. “For Thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen”. From eternity past till eternity future with the present time in between, our God is the King of power and glory. 1. PRAYING TO ESCAPE AND OVERCOME TEMPTATIONS Matthew 6:13; 26:41; 1 Corinthians 10:13; James 1:13-16; 1

Timothy 6:9-11; Luke 22:31-33,46; Hebrews 2:18; 2 Peter 2:9; Revelation 3:10; Hebrews 4:14-16. “And lead us not into temptation ”. Temptation here is very broad in its meaning. It includes trials, difficult circumstances, violent assaults from Satan. God does not tempt any man, but often, whatever He permits is spoken of as if He did it. “Lead us not into temptation” means do not permit us to be tempted above our strength of endurance; do not permit unbearable trials that may lead to temptation to sin. Watch over us and watch to restrain and limit trials, affliction, anything that tests our virtues. Preserve us from tests, trials, troubles, temptations that may lead us

astray. For this prayer to be answered, it must be preceded and followed by an earnest effort on our part to keep out of temptation. We must watch; we must be on our guard. We must pray earnestly, seeking for God’s strength and protection. We cannot pray that there will be no temptations; we can only pray that we shall not be overcome by the temptations. God is a loving, faithful Father. He will not allow us to be tempted above our strength. As trials and temptations come, He will give us sufficient strength to be victorious. 2. PROTECTION FROM THE EVIL AND OPPRESSIVE TEMPTER Matthew 6:13; Psalm 121:7; Jeremiah 15:21; John 17:15; Galatians 1:4; Ephesians 6:10-13; Hebrews 2:14,15; 1 John 5:18,19; 2 Timothy 4:17,18; 1 Peter 5:8,9. “But deliver us from evil ” - deliver us from the evil one and from all evil. Deliver us from Satan, from his power, from his snares, from his wiles, from his evil plans, from his agents, from all his works. Satan is the great parent of all evil and to be delivered from him is to be safe. The petition is a prayer of deliverance from all evil of whatever kind - not only from sin but from all its consequences - fully and finally.


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

PAGE 52

News Extra

Meet the wives, girlfriends of Barcelona stars T

he wives and girlfriends of Barcelona’s stars hit Catalunya as they took centre stage while attending a fashion show. Victor Valdes’ wife Yolanda Cardona, Xavi’s

partner Nuria Cunillera, Cesc Fabregas’ girlfriend Daniella Semaan, Lionel Messi’s other half Antonella Roccuzzo and Neymar’s girlfriend Gabriela Lenzi were all in attendance at the fashion event.

Car built by Nigerian students passed International Technical Evaluation

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igeria has recorded a major feat in automotive technology innovation with a car called “Tuke-Tuke’`, produced by students of the University of Benin. The car has passed international technical evaluation in Rotterdam, Netherlands, a statement said. The statement was signed by the Media Manager of Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria (SPDC), Mr Precious Okolobo on Thursday in Abuja. It said that the car was now qualified to race at the 2014 Eco Marathon in Netherlands with cars from 25 countries, mostly advanced countries. It said that the SPDC Joint Venture (JV) was sponsoring University of Benin and University of Lagos to the event in Dutch city of Rotterdam from May 15 to May 18. The statement said that the marathon would start on Friday with an opening ceremony and the cars would race for the winning price on Saturday, May 17. According to the statement, the two Nigerian universities are participating in the 2014 edition of Shell Eco-marathon Europe, the first teams from Sub-Saharan to enter the global event. It said that the car built by

students from the University of Lagos (UNILAG) was still undergoing thorough technical evaluation and its results would be announced on Friday. The company was optimistic that the UNILAG car would also do well, the statement said. “Shell Eco-marathon challenges student teams from around the world to design, build and test ultra-energy efficient vehicles. The winners are the teams that go the furthest using the least amount of energy. “The events spark debate about the future of mobility and inspire young engineers to push the boundaries of fuel efficiency. “All cars are expected to pass a strict technical inspection to check that they are fit for purpose and safe before they are allowed to race,” the statement said. It said that students from the Ahmadu Bello University, University of Lagos and University of Benin attended Shell Eco-marathon Europe as observers of the 2013 edition on SPDC JV sponsorship. “Since then, the students from Lagos and Benin have successfully built cars that are being sent to Rotterdam this week in line with the main objective of Shell Ecomarathon.

“The objective was to challenge students from around the world to design, build and race fuel-efficient vehicles,’’ it said. The statement said that the judges would be looking to reward the cars that would drive farthest with the least amount of fuel.

According to the statement, the Chief Executive Officer of Royal Dutch Shell Plc, Mr Ben Van Beurden, commended Nigerian students for the innovation. “We have been doing this for over 30 years. It started in France and it has gone all around the world.

It is fantastic to see the scale that we have now. “The energy, the enthusiasm and the innovation that has taken place, and the fact that we have a Nigerian team here participating is an incredibly milestone,” Beurden said. (NAN)


PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

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NBBF initiates mentorship programme for basketball coaches We’re not matchfixers, we’re footballers, says Keshi Page 54

World Cup: Argentina, Nigeria group favourites, says Ambassador Page 54

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Omeruo signs new Chelsea deal Page 55


Page 54

Sports

PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

World Cup: Argentina, Nigeria group favourites, says Ambassador Stories by Albert Akota

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he newly-appointed Argentina Ambassador to Nigeria, Gustavo Dzugala has backed Nigeria and Argentina to stage a successful outing at the World Cup in Brazil. Nigeria is in Group F of the 2014 FIFA World Cup alongside Argentina, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Iran. The Ambassador told sports reporters in Abuja that Nigeria and Argentina would qualify from Group F. Dzugala predicted that both teams would win their matches against Iran and Bosnia-Herzegovina and were capable of reaching the semi-finals of the tournament. “It will end as a battle for positions between both favourites in the pool for first and second on the table. “But, if you really push me, I would say that it looks like Argentina winning the group, Nigeria finishing second, Bosnia in third and Iran fourth,” he said. The envoy said that Group F winner would have a fairly clear route

to the semi-finals. “In theory they would face Ecuador or Switzerland in the round of 16. “Belgium, Ghana, Portugal or U.S. in quarter-finals and a possible semifinals with Spain seems an easier way to get to the final game,’’ Dzugala said. The Group F encounter between Nigeria and Argentina will for the fourth time in five appearances meet at the World Cup. Both teams met at USA ‘94, Japan/ Korea 2002 and South Africa 2010. Dzugala noted that though Stephen Keshi’s tutored-side had strength in every department with a formidable goalkeeper, Vincent Enyeama. “But the Lionel Messi factor will always be enough to put fear into any opponent in the tournament. “However, there is absolutely no room for soft touches here with African champions, Nigeria at their strongest point in many years,” he said. The World Cup is scheduled to take place in Brazil between June 12 and July 13.

Messi vs Eagles

NBBF initiates mentorship programme for basketball coaches

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he Nigeria Basketball Federation (NBBF) has announced plans to commence a phased mentorship programme to develop grassroots coaches across the country. A statement by Femi Adefeso on behalf of the federation’s Media Committee in Abuja said the twoday programme would hold from May 31 to June 1 with 12 coaches participating in its first phase. The statement said that the decision was to harness the diverse human resources in grassroots basketball development in Nigeria. “This is meant to create a healthy relationship among the coaches dedicated to the development of basketball. “It is also to build a long lasting structure for

the national youth programme centred towards the junior national teams as well as other independent developmental programmes to be carried out by the federation,’’ it said. The invited coaches include Adeka Daudu (Dodan Warriors of Lagos), Abdulrahman Muhammed (Gombe Bulls), Emmanuel Odah (FCT), Ogoh Daudu (Royal Hoopers of Port Harcourt), Mike Akuboh (ABU, Zaria) and Sani Tum (Kada Stars of Kaduna). Others are Sanusi Shuaibu (Kano State), Peter Ahmedu (Mark Mentors of Abuja), Spencer Chineh (Benue), Tony Nelson (Bayelsa), Babatunde Adelanwa (Ogun) and Mark Balogun (Nigerian Police Force).

NBA’s Detlef Schrempf teaching basic basketball skills to young Nigerian secondary school basketball players

NWPFL: Rivers Angels battle Delta Queens at Port Harcourt

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t would be the fight of titans in Port Harcourt this weekend as the league leaders, Rivers Angels host their bitter rivals Delta Queens in what would be the star match of the Week in the Nigeria Women Football Premier League (NWPFL). When the two sides met at the first stanza of the league, they settled for a one all draw. But this weekend in Port Harcourt, both side will marshal out their best to ensure that they come out victorious at the end of the day. The Angels from Port Harcourt would want to maintain their unbeaten runs in the league, by deploying the likes of Cecilia Nku, Evelyn Nwabuoku, Stella Mbachu, Asisat Oshoala, Loveth Ayila, Ulunma Jerome and Ebere Orji to consolidate on their runs, while Coach Dan Evuemena will marshal out the likes of Ngozi Okobi, Osinachi Ohale, Nnodim Sarah, Ehiudo Chiudo, Ihuoma Onuegbu to frustrate all the efforts of the host. One thing that remains is that at the end of the encounter, the best of Nigeria Women football would be on display at the venue. The match will be picked live by NTA Sports channel. Another interesting match would be in Lokoja where Confluence Queens would tackle Bayelsa Queens. When both side met at the first stanza, the match ended goaless. But this weekend in Lokoja, a winner must emerge. The home side are not ready to surrender any point at home, but against the Bayelsa team that is now eager to give in their best in every match, the Wada girls would surely

have their hands full. Nasarawa Amazons will be at home to Sunshine Queens who would parade experience legs like Sunday Opeyemi, Esther Michael, Ogunriola Funsho, Tawakalitu Mustapha, Henry Chisom among others. They would be marched by nonesense defender Maryam Ibrahim, Bose Mabo, Chiyere Iboamadu, Ujunwa Ebere, Rechael Okotete and Rechael Akpojofor. FC Taraba Queens takes on Edo Queens, while Pelican Stars settle scores with Adamawa Queens. The last match will be between Ibom Angels and Osun Babes.

Stella Mbachu


Sports

PEOPLES DAILY Weekend, saturday-sunday, May 31-June 1, 2014

Page 55

We’re not match-fixers, we’re footballers, says Keshi By Albert Akota

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he Chief Coach of the Super Eagles Stephen Keshi has launched a furious defence of his players following Wednesday’s 2-2 draw with Scotland in a match whose build-up had been disrupted over a match fixing investigation being launched. Keshi, who captained Nigeria at the 1994 World Cup finals, said his World Cup finals-bound players were not gamblers they were footballers and ridiculed allegations that anything sinister had taken place. The game was threatened after Britain’s serious crime squad the National Crime Agency were called to investigate a possible threat of match-fixing linked to illegal betting rings ahead of the game at Fulham’s ground in London. But Keshi, who coached Nigeria to the Africa Cup of Nations title last year, said his team were not affected by the off-field issues before the kick-off.

“We did (talk about it) because it’s something ridiculous, something that we don’t know where it’s coming from. We’re not gamblers, we are football players,” said Keshi. “I don’t even know where that is coming from, we don’t know what happened, match fixing or no match fixing. “This is the first time I’ve been a coach or been a player and the first time I’m hearing this, match-fixing. I don’t think it had anything to do with our build-up or the game.” On the pitch Charlie Mulgrew opened the scoring for the Tartan Army after 10 minutes before Michael Uchebo equalised with four minutes left of the first half. The Scots regained the lead through a bizarre own goal by reserve goalkeeper buike Azubuike Egwuekwe who appeared to flick the ball into his own net from James Morrison’s cross in the 52nd minute. But super-sub Uche Nwofor converted an equaliser in stoppage time in a game that the Nigerians looked second best in throughout.

Scotland coach Gordon Strachan was delighted with the way his side played as they extended their unbeaten streak to six whilst also refusing to be drawn on the match-fixing storm. “I liked that performance,” said Strachan. “I think the only thing we had a problem with is that some of the lads have not trained for three weeks and have been on holiday. “We could have ended up with four or five goals and that’s the first time I have said that. “In terms of play so far, that’s as good as it gets. Overall I think there was a bit of flair and imagination, which I like and it was against a top side. “It is something we have been working on and we want to take it up a level, Nigeria are a terrific side and they upped their level and pressure. “There is a lot to be proud of and I’m just disappointed for them that we haven’t got the win.”

Weekend Fixtures WEEK 13 FIXTURES Nasarawa Amazons Pelican Stars Ibom Angels Confluence Queens FC Taraba Queens Rivers Angels

Vs Vs Vs Vs Vs Vs

Sunshine Queens Adamawa Queens Osun Babes Bayelsa Queens Edo Queens Delta Queens

NPLF Week 18 BAYELSA UTD AKWA UNITED FC TARABA ABIA WARRIORS WARRI WOLVES FC RANGERS INT’L SUNSHINE STARS GIWA FC KANO PILLARS DOLPHINS FC

VS VS VS VS VS VS VS VS VS VS

HEARTLAND FC CROWN FC SHARKS FC GOMBE UTD NASARAWA UTD KAD. UNITED FC EL-KANEMI WARR NEMBE CITY ENYIMBA INT’L LOBI STARS FC

Eagles’ technical crew, player and NFF board member with Mandela’s Cup

Fabianski leaves Arsenal to join Swansea City on free transfer

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wansea City have signed goalkeeper Lukasz Fabianski from Arsenal. The 29-year-old Poland international will join the Swans on a free transfer when his contract with the Gunners expires at the end of June. Fabianski’s last game for Arsenal will prove to be the FA Cup win over Hull City, bringing a seven-year spell with the club to an end. Fabianski’s arrival at the Liberty Stadium will increase speculation over the future of first-choice keeper Michel Vorm. Vorm, 30, has been Swansea’s first-choice keeper since joining in 2011, but has been heavily linked with a move to Liverpool. Reds manager Brendan Rodgers brought the Dutchman to the Liberty Stadium from FC Utrecht and is looking for a goalkeeper to provide back-up for Simon Mignolet. Swansea insist Liverpool have not been in touch over Vorm, who has two years to run on his contract, but Fabianski’s arrival could alter the situation significantly. Liberty Stadium boss Garry Monk told the club’s website: “He’s [Fabianski] come from a big club where it has been difficult for him to command the number one spot. In February, Arsenal manager Arsene Wegner said it was likely Fabianski would leave at the end of the season in search of more regular appearances after rejecting an offer of an extended contract. Fabianski, who joined Arsenal from Legia Warsaw in 2007, made only one Premier League appearance in the Premier League this season - the last league game of the season against Norwich City. His other 13 appearances came in cup competitions, playing a starring role in the FA Cup semi-final against Wigan Athletic by saving two spotkicks in the penalty shoot-out.

Omeruo signs new Chelsea deal

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enneth Omeruo has signed a new deal at Chelsea. Chelsea Football Club announced the new deal on its website. “Chelsea Football Club is delighted to announce Kenneth Omeruo has signed a new contract which will keep him at the club until 2018. Omeruo who joined Chelsea from Standard Liege in January 2012 and upon signing went on loan to Dutch top-flight side ADO Den Haag said he was happy to have extended his stay at the London club. “I’m thrilled to sign a new contract with Chelsea and I’m really excited about the future. “To play at such a fantastic club is a real honour for me and I’ll be working incredibly hard to be successful. I’ve thoroughly enjoyed my time in England so far and can’t wait to get going.” The 20-year-old defender, who is part of the Nigeria World Cup squad plays as a centre-back but can also comfortably play on the right. Omeruo made one appearance for Chelsea’s Under-21s in November having

recovered from a shoulder injury that kept him sidelined at the beginning of the campaign. He then spent the second half of the season on loan at Middlesbrough in the Championship, where he made 14 appearances.

Chelsea website said: “The Nigerian has already gained significant experience at international level, becoming an African champion last January before appearing in last summer’s Confederations Cup in Brazil.”

Kenneth Omeruo in training for Chelsea


BIG PUNCH All of us are guilty of this crime; because in 2011, we went and voted for this government. So we are responsible for the kidnap of Chibok school children, because we chose the government; you chose me and you chose the President. —Gov. Rotimi Amaehci addressing school children on May 27

Peoples Daily WEEKEND, SATURDAY — SUNDAY, MAY 31 - JUNE 1, 2014

Nigeria’s house of cards

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t is late at night in August 2013, and the talk has turned to politics around our small table in the courtyard of the moldering 1970s-era Sheraton Hotel complex in Abuja, the capital of Nigeria. My companion is a former intelligence officer from the country’s turbulent, insurgencyridden north. We are discussing Nigeria’s exponential economic growth over the past decade — how suddenly the West, never particularly interested in Nigeria before, now sees the country as a “frontier market”, an “emerging powerhouse”, the vanguard of Africa’s rise. “Make no mistake, the illusion will crumble,” the officer warns as we sip tea.Eight months after our conversation, the jig may finally be up. Just a few weeks after what was supposed to be Nigeria’s crowning moment — when new statistics, released in April, finally showed it to be the largest economy in Africa — the Islamist Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria’s northeast erupted into the international community’s consciousness as the security threat du jour. Now, instead of new plaudits from Western economists and media organisations, there is fresh news of bombings and attacks every few days. The death toll of a recent attack, on May 20, has climbed to more than 100. Nigeria’s hosting of the World Economic Forum on Africa in Abuja on May 7-9 was supposed to serve as the country’s comingout party as a global economic force to be reckoned with. Instead, the event only served to focus international attention on the escalating violence and the government’s apparent inability or unwillingness to effectively counter it.Western pundits had been keen to dub Nigeria one of the MINTs (Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey) — the countries that are supposed to be the next generation of rising economies, after the BRICs. Nigeria’s finance minister, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, was feted during a trip to Washington in April. She courted investors and financial institutions following the debut of Nigeria’s new GDP numbers, which were revised in a long-overdue rebasing

exercise, “boosting” the size of the economy by 89 per cent, to $510 billion. The majority of Nigerians have actually grown poorer as their country has thrived. But the events of the past two months — the bombings, the Chibok schoolgirls’ kidnapping, the government’s embarrassing, dissembling response, and the arrival of US, French, and Israeli military advisers to attempt a belated rescue — have all served to expose the hollowness of Nigeria’s prosperity. Scratch the surface and look beyond the boldfaced numbers, and it quickly becomes evident that long before these horrific recent developments, Nigeria was already grappling with poor governance and failing institutions.In reality, the growth story was never so simple. nequality has long been part of the subtext. The majority of Nigerians have actually grown poorer as their country has thrived, exacerbating tensions between the newly rich and those who haven’t seen any benefits from the boom.A few numbers illustrate this point all too clearly. Nigeria’s growth averaged 7.4 per cent over the past decade. In that same period, the number of Nigerians living on less than $1 a day rose from 54.7 to 60.9 per cent. According to Unicef, Nigeria has the world’s largest number of children not enrolled in school: approximately 10 million children don’t attend classes. Most of them are concentrated in the underserved, majority Muslim north, the same region that serves as a base for Boko Haram’s operations and recruitment. The country is home to 3.3 million displaced people — more than the approximately 3 million disrupted by decades of nearly continuous warfare in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.Nigeria’s endemic corruption, meanwhile, remains as entrenched as ever. In April, Lamido Sanusi, then the highly respected central bank governor, made public records demonstrating that at least $20 billion had disappeared from accounts at the state-run Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation. And the government has

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Haram abducts local women and children, the Task Force has also “disappeared” thousands of men and boys suspected of being linked to the insurgency, and it has held families of suspects as leverage during interrogations. Amnesty International reported a March 14 incident in which Boko Haram operatives attacked the Maiduguri prison, freeing over 1,000 detainees. Nigerian military planes fired on the unarmed escapees from above, according to The New York Times. All this is not to say that Nigeria’s economic boom isn’t real. As the rebased figures show, the country has flourishing industries in addition to the oil sector: igerians are working in services, tech, film and music and startups. But recent violence should underscore the risks of crowning victors before the title of “country on the rise” has truly been earned. The West wanted to believe in the narrative of Nigeria’s rise because it would have validated longheld assumptions that growth on this scale could not occur without some underpinnings of political substance and popular benefit. The illusion of Nigerian prosperity may have been homegrown — but it was the determination of the West to believe in, reinforce and exploit this narrative that allowed it to advance, largely unquestioned, to the point where it could implode so spectacularly.

Finance Minister, Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala

made only limited progress in shaking off its dependence on oil. Nigeria’s rebased GDP reveals that only 5 per cent of government revenues come from taxes — “about one of the weakest revenue mobilisation ratios anywhere,” says Razia Khan, head of Africa research at Standard Chartered. Another 70 per cent of revenues come from oil, and oil comprises 97 per cent of Nigeria’s exports. “Yes, oil is a much smaller share of overall GDP, and the economy itself is more

diversified. But ... its overall dependence on oil earnings remains in place,” Khan said. “It’s still a big concern.”Nigeria’s security forces fare no better when held up to scrutiny. Boko Haram’s tactics — targeting churches, bus depots and schools — are deplorable. But the roots of the movement lie in large part with the group’s dissatisfaction with the Nigerian state and, in particular, with the subset of the military and police force known as the Nigerian Joint Task Force. While Boko

The Washington PostPublished this article in Dawn.com, on May 29, 2014

Inequality has long been part of the subtext. The majority of Nigerians have actually grown poorer as their country has thrived, exacerbating tensions between the newly rich and those who haven’t seen any benefits from the boom. A few numbers illustrate this point all too clearly. Nigeria’s growth averaged 7.4 per cent over the past decade. In that same period, the number of Nigerians living on less than $1 a day rose from 54.7 to 60.9 per cent.

Published by Peoples Media Limited, 35, Ajose Adeogun Street, 1st Floor Peace Park Plaza, Utako, Abuja. Kano office: Plot 3, Zaria Road, Opposite Kano State House of Assembly. Lagos Office: No.8 Oliyide Street, off Unity Road, Ikeja, Lagos. Tel: +2348142929046. Cell: +234 8024432099; 803 7007759 e-mail: contact@peoplesdaily-online.com; pmlnewsdesk@gmail.com ISSN: 2141– 6141

Saturday 31st May, 2014 Weekend Edition  

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